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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 24, 1915

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 f *..  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 47  GRAND .FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  f.% ..  SPECIAL TREAT  S  On the evening of the first day of  the Grand Forks fair, Tuesday,  September 28, in the exhibition  building, a special treat'will be given  the people of the city and the visitors to the fair, when they will have  the pleasure of hearing an uddress  by Rev. Fred H. Graham, of Nelsor,  on "National Ideals and Individual  Responsibility."  The massed choirs of the city,  under the leadership of H. L McKenzie, will provide special music  for the occasion, accompanied by  the orchestra. All citizens should  avail themselves of the privilege of  hearing this magnificent address.  THE MAIN FACTS  ARE UNTOUCHED  " Vancouver, B. C., Sept. 15, 1915.  ���������In view of the misleading state-  ' ments that have been circulated  throughout the province regarding  the motives and actions of the Min  isterial Union of the Lower Main  land, in the matter of the publication of the pamphlet entitled "The  Crisis in B. C ," I am instructed to  forward the enclosed resolutions,  unanimonsly adopted, at the last  meeting of the union,���������which meeting  was one of the largest and most  representative yet held.  J. R. Robertson, Secretary.  THE RESOLUTIONS.  In view of the repeated statement*  ���������that Rev. A E. Cook and the others  whose names are signed to "The  Crisis in B. C." acted un* their own  responsibility, we submit the follow  ing facts for the consideration of  your readers:  l.That the Ministerial Union of  the Lower Mainland approved of  the policy of issuing a statement to  the public on the exploitation of the  natural resources of British Col urn  bia. --......-  2. That' in puisuance of that  policy a committee of investigation  was appointed which represented us  throughout. This committee met a  great many times, sent two of its  members to Victoria for some dtiys  to consult the records on file there,  .find to verify all copiesof documents  submitted and statements made  about the situation throughout the  province. As as result of these investigations they were convinced of  the accuracy of the statements which  were afterwards made in the pamphlet.  3. This report was presented and  eliscussed in detail at several of the  most largely attended meetings of  tbe Ministerial Union ever held,  and was unanimously and heartily  endorsed by everyone who was  present at the last and most largely  attended of all the meetings.  4. That the campaign of publicity  . 6. After having carefully oh^id-j  ered all the   answers  and    ex plan a  tion given on behalf of the  government, we   are   more than ever convinced of the necessity of the inves  tigatiou, for which we appeal.  Inallthese attempted replies, the  main facts set forth in the pamphlet  "The   Crisis   in   B.   0."   have   re  mained entirely untouched.  Our only desire is that the people  of British Columbia should know  the truth, and we feel that -if a full  and non partisan investigation be  held, every charge we have made  will be fully borne out in all essentials.  Signed on behalf of the Union:  G. R. Welch,  Central   Baptist  Church, President;  J. R. Robertson:, D. D.,  St.   David's  Presbyterian    Church,  Secretary;  John Mackay, D. U.,  Principal Westminster Hal!;  ��������� J. K. Unsworth, D D.,  First Congregational Church;  v E. Manuel,  Robson Methodist Memorial Church,  Consulting Member of Committee  Death of Jeffrey Hammar  Jeffrey Hammar, one of Grand  Forks' pioneers, who was manager  for a number of years for P. Burns  &, Co.'s store in ihis city, died on  Monday. September 20, at Chilli-  wack. B. C., wheie he has. been conducting a meat market on " his own  account for a number of years. The  cause of his death Was sugar diabetes. Pie was about 50 years of age.  Tbe funeral was held at. Chilliwack  under.the auspices of the Knights  of Pythias, of which order he was a  prominent member, having, been  grand chancellor of the domain of  British Columbia during the year  1907. He is survived by three children, his wife having but recently  passed away.  Mr. 'Hammar played a prominent part in the early history  of Grand Forks. He was alderman  for a number of years, and served  as mayor of the city for two terms.  During his last administration he  was instrumental in materially reducing the number of liquor  licenses. He was also a leading  spirit in a number of the fraternal  organizations of the city.  IACESAND SPORTS  AT THE FAIR  "On the Field of Honor"  The publishers of The Family  Herald and Weekly Star, Montreal,  are making a strong- bid for that  beautiful pictuae, full of pathos, entitled "On the Field of Honor." It is  assumed the publishers of the Family Herald have in mind using it as a  presentation plate. If that is so there  is a great treat in store for readers  of The Family Herald and Weekly  Star this autumn. In past years The  Family Herald of Montreal has been  noted not only for the wonderful ex  cellence of that paper but for many  beautiful pictures it has presented  to its readers. Tbe Family Herald  has a name for succeeding in anything it undertakes, and we feel sure  if it is humanly possible to secure  ' On the Field of Honor" that the  publishers will succeed in getting it.  "On the Field of Honor" is  attract-  The following is the program of  the main features, races and sports  at the sixth annual Grand Forks  fall fair, which will be held in this  city next Tuesday and Wednesday,  September 28 and 29:  first day.  10 a. m ���������Stock judging at fair  ground**.  1:30 p.m.���������Opening of~"'fair at  skating rink. Addresses by Mayor  Robert Gaw and Lome A. Campbell,  M.P.P., of Rossland.  2:30 p.m.���������Live stock parade at  race track.  3.00 p.m���������Grand Forks Derby,  one mile���������First. $35; second, $15.  Half mile pony race, 14-h hands  and  under���������First, 810;   second, $5  Lidips race, half mile���������First, S10,  second, $5.  Cowboy race, 600 yards, three  turns���������First, 85; second, S3.  SECOND DAY.  10 a.m.���������Children's and men's  sports on Bridge street.  1:00 p.m.���������Green trot or pace, 1  mile, 3 heats in 5���������-First. $40; second, 820.  Half-mile running race, second  heat trot or pace���������First, 815; second 87.50.  One-fourth-mile pony race, Unhands and under���������First, $7; second,  83.50. ,      ������.".���������  Running r������.ce,|-mile,-third" beat  trot-or pace���������First, 820^ second,$10.  Pony race, ������-mile, for local horses  only���������First, $3; second, 82:  Consolation race, for horses not  having won prize money, three to  start or no race���������First, 87;- second,  83.  2:00 p.m���������Baseball game, Phoenix vs Grand Forks.  Grand ball in the opera house in  the evening.  IEWS OF THE CITY  Tbesixth annual Grand Forks fair,  which will be held on September 28  and 29, will be a bigger success than  in any previous year. The prize  money in many sections has been  greatly increased, and the competition will therefore be keener and the  exhibits of a superior character.  One notable instance in which prizes  worth fighting for have been hung  up is for the best individual ranch  display. These are: First prize,  $75; second, 850; third, 825; fourth,.  8.10. In the live stock section, the  amount of the prizes offered "for  registered cattle have been more  tban doubled over last year, and  this fact should bring out the best  exhibit in this section ever seen in  this portion of the province.  At the Presbyterian church next  Sabbath at 11 a.m. the aunual  '���������'Rally Day" service will be held,  for which printed programs are provided. All parents and Sunday  school scholars, including the cradle  roll, .are expected to be present.  Come. At the evening service, 7:30  o'clock, the pastor will speak on the  topic, "A Lost Opportunity."  Tbe board of school trustees have  proclaimed Wednesday, the 29th  inst., a school holiday in.order to  afford the children an opportunity  to attend the fair. The city council  has been asked by the Agricultural  association to declare two civic half  holidays during the fair. Action  on this request will be taken at the  meeting on Monday night.next.  FAIR ENTRIES'  Entries for the sixth annual  Grand Forks fall fair close tomorrow  night, Saturday, September 25.  After that date no more exhibits can  be entered for competition. It is  necessary to strictly enforce this  rule.--1. It is also desirable that everybody in the city and valley who can  do so should make a display. By  acting on this injunction, the success of the fair will be proportion  ately more pronounced.  H  HTHA MIKE  carried on throughout the   province ,  by Rev. A. E. Cooke, as secretary of \in% widespread attention in Europe  It's poor rule that hangs lire when  the union, was planned and directed  by the Ministerial Union throughout; jts ,n<lker trie8 to apply it  and we desire to express our entire |    approval of his conduct of  his  part I  of the work. the deed in a real estate transaction,  annual Rally Day service.  SHIPS CAB OF ORE  The Bertha mine at Bannock City,  which is being worked under lease  by Republic parties, on Wednesday  made a trial shipment of a enarload  of ore to the Granby smelter- Those  who have seen tbe ore say that it Is  high grade: Tbe Bertha has Hplen.  did shipping facilities, being located  within a short distance of the North  Fork branch of the Kettle Valley  line.  The judges of the exhibits at the  sixth annual Grand Fork full fair,  which opens next Tuesday' will be:  Live stock. S H. Hopkins; poultry,  W. Miller Higgs; fruit and vegetables, P. E. French. Ladies from  the outside will be asked to award  tbe prizes in the home cooking and  lancy work departments.  Tbe amusement part of the sixth  annual Grand Forks fall fair is not  to bp neglected. The sports committee has arranged an excellent  program of horse races, athletic  sports, etc., and these features of  the exhibition will be fully  equal if not superior to those  witnessed here in former years. The  fair will end with a big dance on the  evening of the 29th.  The performance in aid of the  wounded soldiers' fund at the Empress theatre on Thursday night  was very largely attended. In ad  dition to the three reels of pictures,  giving actual scenes on the battlefield, a saxophone quartet rendeied  a number of musical selections.'  Tbe federal government has informed the local machine gun committee that it is providing the number of machine considered necessary  for the troops going to the front,  and that the available supply of  guns has been taken up by the gov-  ment for many months ahead. In  view of this fact, the committee has  issued a circular letter to the subscribers to the machine gun fund  suggesting that, with their consent,  GlOOO of tbe #2,001.52 now on hand  in the Bank of Commerce be distributed as follows: 8400 to tbe local  Red Cross society, S400 to the  Daughters of the Empire, and $200  lothe patriotic fund, the balance to  be held for the time being and used  as occasion may require.  assisted by Lome A. Campbell, M.  P.P.; Mrs. Gaw and others will open  tbe sixth annual fair.  The Independent Company of  Rifles will give a military drill and  maneuvers at the fair grounds on  Tuesday afternaon next, immediately after the stock parade.  The local individual ranch dis  plays will be the special feature of  this year's Grand Forks fair. There  will be five or more entries in this  competition. A grand display from  the Dominion experimental form  will also be made.  The fish in Christina lake have become so strong thai they pull the  fishing rods out of the fishermen's  hands with the greatest of ease.  Two b'isketball games will be  played at the fair grounds during  the fair, one between the pupils of  high and the public school, and the  other between the city team and the  high school.  Entries for the sixth annualGrarid  Forks fall fair will positively close on  Saturday, September 25.  It is reported that a strike of rich  ore was made on Monday in the  tunr.el on the mining property  owned byTimTownend and A. 10.  Savage at Bannock City. ������������������j'bTl  At the Methodist church the pastor will preach both mornim: and  evening on Sunday next. Evening  subject, "Old Landmarks."   At 2:30  Sergt. Brewer, of the 51th battalion, arrived in the city on Saturday from Vernon on a few days'  leave. On Monday he was compelled to go to tbe Cottage hospital  for medical treatment. j    T he educational  department   has    j promised  lo   establish an   assisted  Mr. and Mrs. N, L. Mclnnes mo-'school at  Christina  lake.    Twenty-  tored to Spokane on Monday, taking  three names are given as scholars.  with   them   their son   Harold, wboj  ~  is returning to college at Vancouver, j    The Sun has  been  a&kcd  to   an-  j nounce   that  all   friends of the pro  C. A. S.   Atwood   has   received a { hibition movement  eligible to  vote  should   see   that  they  are on   tlie  voters' list before October -1th.  cablegram    from   his    son,    Lieut.  Atwood, of Strathcona's  Horse,   announcing  his   safe  arrival   in Fng  land.  The c-rand opening of  the  Grand  l<orks   fall   fair   will   take   place on:. .        .  We never take a  man's word  for I p.m. tbe Sunday school will hold its . Tuesday,   September   28,   at   1:30' !"R a S0"-5' 80rV1Ce ' '  Tlie Methodists of the city propose holding special services at  rhanksgiving. On the Sunday even-  p.m.,    when   Mayor   Robert   Gow,  the men are to give a  banquet  on  Wednesday, October 13.  HUJU'JIiUJJJl  mams  BSHMMMWIM^ (THE    SUN,    GRAND    FOllKS*   B. C.  t*Mmm*limi9UMXBXXW!l?*$  -A ^BRIGHT-: T0BAC<30:.:0K; THE FINEST -..QUALITY;  10 CENTS PER PLUG  ion  v  inter Rye  Is Being Grown With Success in the  Three Prairie Provinces  Th ore. arc many excelle:'; crops of  winter rye in tho three prairie provinces tin's year,, and the department  of agriculture of Saskatchewan lias  shown commendable enterprise in getting out a very excellent'little bulletin  on ' ihia crop���������possibly stimulated  thereto by the fact that the minister  of agriculture, J-lon. W. H. Motherwell,  lias demonstrated its value on his faring  at Abernelhy.  First, let it be said thai no one is  recommending winter rye as a substitute for crops now being grown, but  rather as an additional string which  the farmer may have to his bow, or  ���������a separate basket into which he'���������may  profitably put a. few eggs.  One.of the great claims for winter  rye is that it is an excellent cleaning j  crop. Frank Wieneke, of Rockwood'  district; just north .of Winnipeg, has  a splendid illustration of its capabilities in this direction. He purchased  a piece of land that was foul, as only  Red River land of long and careless  cultivation can he. It was especially bad with sow thistle-" Thi-*.  land he summerfaliowed .carefully, and  early in September, :1914, seeded" it to  rye. This spring* he pastured it for  a time,' and'now has a fine crop which  was in bloom on July 5th, and at. the  present time is just about ready for  the binders, it looks good for about  30 to 35 bushels to ilia acre, and best  of all there is hardly a sow thistle to  be seen. As.;, a matter of fact Mr.  Wieneke seeded rather late. Fo:  cleaning purposes it can be seeded in  July or very early in August. This  gives it a good growth which may. be  used, for fall pasturing and is particularly valuable where there are milch  cows, as it comes in just when the  native grasses are dry, and being sue-,  culent helps to keep up the flow of  milk- Care should be taken, ho-wevcr,  not to allow it to be; pastured too  closely, as this would endanger it  winter killing! This rye can- then be  pastured again for several weeks in  the spring, and will, with any kind  of good-weather,-furnish a crop which  will be ready for cutting well before  the end'of July.  in Saskatchewan it is especially  recommended as a preventive io soil  drifting, and in some places in Alberta  they are taking off a crop of winter  rye, plowing the land and re-seeding to  winter wheat.  Mixed with other grain, crushed rye  makes excellent hog feed. Mr. Wieneke and some of his neighbors are getting very good results by using half  rye and half oats and barley.  A very fair finality of seed is obtainable from the " standard seed  houses, and anyone who thinks of putting in some rye this year should see  about it at once. If there is a special  bit of summerfallow which you are  anxious to clean up it would be well  worth making the experiment with  winter rye, and every man if he is  attempting winter rye for the first  "time, should write to the department  of agriculture at Regina and secure a  copy.of the bulletin above referred to.  Don*t forget that it is one of the  earliest pastures in the spring, coming long before the prairie grass is at  all green or succulent. Early in April  of the present year, horses, cattle and  sheep were grazing on a beautiful  green field of rye on the farm of the  lion. Duncan Marshall at Olds, A.1-  berta. when the surrounding prairi������  was dry and brown.  There has probably never been a  year in the history of the west, when  there were so many uneven fields of  grain to-be seen. This is especially  true of the crop in central and southwestern Saskatchewan, but occurs in  all the provinces. Many reasons are  given for this. The season, of course,  has been an abnormal one���������there  have been blow outs, cut worms, frosts  and June hail. But uneven fields exist  where none of these exceptional conditions have obtained. In inquiring  about a field on thc Weyburn and  Lethbridge branch, just a. little west  of Cadillac, which was strikingly even  for any year and most remarkable in a  season when all thc surrounding fields  wore showing grain all the way from  five inches to two feet high, the writer  was informed that the owner of thc  field had" planted his seed three inches  deep, a iff I attributed tiie oven germ-  ation fo the fact that it had all been  put down t.o I he .sub-surface moisture.  The result, not only in evenness o.f  stand.-but in early and well developed  head, suggests that this is an item to  keep in mind for future use.  A number of experienced farmers  are laying the uneven stand in their  fields to the use of single disc drill,  claiming lhat they have a tendency to  cover the newly dropped seed with  dry surface soil, in this way delaying  germination. \ Tlie man who seeded  three inches, ^ deep seeded with a  double disc drill. This may be another point for careful consideration  in future seeding.' Quito a number of  farmers have avowed their intentions  of never again using a single disc.  Alberta has some tremendous crops  of alfalfa this year. One man near  Medicine Hat reports four tons to the  acre on a first cutting, and the crop  so heavy that, lie could not use horse  W. N. U. 1065  rakes and had'to do the-entire work,  wilh pitch forks.*In as much as alfalfa  hay is worth S20 per (on at (he present  time, (his is a prelty profitable crop.  This man irrigates his 50 acres with  a home made irrigation system from '-  nearby creek. Of course there are  magnificent stands of alfalfa in all (ho  irrigation belts of southern Alberta,  but many of (hem (his year have not  been irrigated, there having been plenty of rain���������iu fact, many of. the crops  of non-irrigable land, are quits as  heavy and luxuriant this year as those  of the irrigation belt. There are also  some excellent stands of timothy and  alfalfa which certainly produce good  results in a season like the present,  but probably would not be so good in a  dry year/as ��������� the alfalfa alone. The  only trouble about alfalfa this year iu  Alberta has been the fact that first  cuttings were delayed "on account of  rain, and there was some difficulty in  curing the crop. However, the second  growth in many places is now from  eight to ten inches high, and fields  that have only been 'cut "a-week,'are  showing a very good growth-  Another method of, raising timothy  hay/which finds considerable favor in  southern Alberta, .is that of discing the  prairie sod and seeding it to timothy.  The claim for this method ; is tha.t  there is: a greater certainty of a crop  in a dry season. It does not, however,  as a method, nieet with entire approval of the experts on experimental  farms.  In passing, it.may be'remarked that  Alberta has an immense crop of hay of  all kinds this year, both native ancl  cultivated, and given" reasonably good  weather to put it up, will have an enormous amount for export over and,  above local requirements.  While on the subject of Alberta, it  is timely to say something of the outlook for fruit on the Dominion experimental farm at Lethbridge. The crab  apple trees are laden almost to breaking, but this': has-occurred before, but  this year they have the. best showing  of standard apples the farm has ever  seen, and a very good showing of  hardy plums. It is very interesting to  note,, that while the trees blossomed  profusely on all sides, the fruit is  almost entirely on the east side of the  trees,'or the side away from the prevailing winds ,at blossom time. The  wind in southern Alberta is one of the  big factors always to be reckoned with  and therefore shelter belts 'are.-, the.  first essential in the production of  both fruit and Vegetables. On the 10th  of July, when the writer saw tlie apple trees, there was a strong northwest wind blowing, and while the sun  was bright, it was cold enough in the  wind to make a heavy coat acceptable.  Inside the shelter belts of the Experimental Farm, however, where the  fruit orchards are located, it .'was-just  a nice warm summer day. The black  and red currant bushes, laden with  fruit, hardly stirred a leaf, and only  the tops of the apple, crabapple and  plum trees were affected by the wind.  Given proper shelter by the swift  growing willows and cotton woods  there seems no reason why apple and  plum culture should not be reasonably  successful in any of. the open prairie  country, but the shelter belts are unquestionably the first essential.  A method of developing a shelter  belt which has been tried with a great  deal of success, particularly in some  of the more open spaces of central  Saskatchewan/is that of planting a  double row of sun flowers on each side  of the little trees, yearly, for the first  few years. The sun flowers grow rapidly and rank in the strong soil, and  form a temporary shelter for the future shelter belt, and if the stalks are  left in the ground all winter, they collect any snow that falls, and this way-  give help -in winter as well as summer.  It is extremely interesting to meet  in Saskatchewan and Alberta men and  women who have moved to these provinces from Manitoba. Almost invariably they say, "We miss Manitoba for  the trees" and. yet 35 years ago the  whole of southern Manitoba was almost, if not quite as bare, as the most  open spaces of Saskatchewan and Alberta. Manitobans owe more than  they are willing to acknowledge to the  example of their Mennonite neighbors,  in the matter of tree planting. The  MennonUes more than a century ago,  p** the urgent request.of Catherine of  R**ssia, eolonizeu thc steppes along  thc Black Sea, ano as part of their  exemption from military duty, yearly  planted for (he government of Russia,  thousands of trees on thc open plains.  When the Russian government, in the  early days of 1869 and '70 strove to  ignore Catherine's contract with these  people, and to force them into military  service, it was a bad thing for Russia  and a very good thing for Western  Canada, for they came in thousands to  the prairies bringing their tree planting habit, with them, and to them is  due very much of (lie treed beauty  which is now a feature of Manitoba  landscapes.���������Manitoba Fvgc Press-  Summer Care  Liberty  Liberty is the right to do what tho  law allows, and if a citizen could do  what tlie law forbids it would be no  longer liberty because others would  have  the same  power.���������Montesquieu.  Extra Care Taken at This Season is  Well Repaid  When we think of the brave effort  Unit is made to keep everything spick  and iipan and s;x-h ctireiul attention  given to. the wants of the poultry in  tne winter time when eggs are high  in price and every effort is made to  get as many of them as possible, it is  surprising that more attention is not  given to <th3 flock during the summer  season, when the bi'r.ls" that are to'produce the winter eggs are getting their  growth and start to make them eith-  .' capable of being heavy producers  or just ordinary poorly produced stock  that can only possibly give second-  class results. :���������   ��������� ' * .  True,    it is that natural condition:  can   more   frequently,    be  given   the  birds with little effort during The sum"-'  mer when  they are moro or less at  liberty, but there are conditions  that  arise almost more serious than those  likely to develop  when evi-ything is  frozen   up  and   undesirable  germ  development   entirely   dormant   for   the  time being.    Where but a small flock  is kept and they have 'unlimited freedom, usually the birds can look after  themselves fully as well,- but if numbers; are  to: .be" handled     they  need  closer attention to  detail during the  hot months  than"-at any time of the  year.     At   this   season   of  the   year,  when many are inclined to ease up on  their    labors, on account of the  discomfort   of   extra   effort   in   the   hot  weather, is the time we should be giving the closest attention to tha-little  details   that   will   mean  so  much   to  keeping the birds in the best condition  iif. we. would., wish, to have the,best results the following winter and prepare  for better producers for years to come.  The subject of this article might be  divided  for  convenience    into    three  parts,      namely,   housing   condition:*,  yard   conditions   and   food.    Housing  conditions will have reference to both  the   breeding, stock   and     the   young  chicks.    With the "ormer the important requirements are to see that the  houses become as well supplied with  fr^sh air all-the time as possible- This  can be accomplished by removing all  windows and making as much of the  coops open as possible without creating drafts  on    the    birds   at   night.  Houses that are .closed up much, become -stuffy and hot and the birds suffer exceedingly with the heat at-'niglit  when they are roosting in them.    The  greatest  attention   must   be  given  to  keeping the coop absolutely clean and  where  it  is   possible  removal  of tho  droppings every day should  be  practised.    Frequenb us^. of disinfectant-,  should be used and suitable, red mite  exterminators should be used  on the  roosts and their supports so that the  birds  will not come  from  the roosts  in the morning used up from supplying these blood-sucking insects with a  bountiful supply of rich chicken blood.  A sprinkling of air-slacked lime on the  dropping boards after cleaning will be  found to be a valuable aid in sujipress-  ing odors.  With the small chicks the precautions suggested are even more important than they are with the older  bir.ls. These tender little fellows are  more readily harmed by dirty conditions than the large fowls and good  results are absolutely, impossible unless the strictest attention is given  to clean coops, open to all the fresh  air they can get and sufficient room  so that the-pe-elinnot be the slightest  danger of overcrowding, or housing together chicks that are not mostly  about the same age. The younger  ones are bound to get hard usage at  the hands of the older ones and it is  impossible that they shall do well unless they are given coops to themselves, and have the same attention  they would get if there were no larger  birds ib'out the place.  Yard conditions we might divide into condition of the soil, shade, and  amount of room given to thc flock.  With the old birds where there might  be a tendency to keep them on the  same ground continually, it is very important to see that the ground is kept  stirred up or the soil will become soured aud in such condition that the best  results cannot be had. Of course, if  tiiis is large enough so-that grass is  grown without being spoiled by the  flock, this danger is not so likely to  exist, but it is practically impossible  to keep birds confined to, small yards  without having the soil contaminated  unless pi-oventive means are used-  Digging in the soil, treating occasionally with air-slacked lime and growth  of" some quick-growing vegetation  should take care of tlio matter effectively and prevent any danger of  loss from this cause.  Shade of some sort or other should  be provided for the birds. If trees are  not available, some artificial shade  must be given them. Don't forget the  dust bath. This is very important and  usually very easy to supply. If some  part of the yard is kept worked up a  little for the- birds they will usually  keep it nice and fine so that they can  dust in it rt will.  All of the above is equally true  in  the case of the young chicks; only  that they can stand less than the  large fowls and will suffer more readily where they are not given lliese  protective conditions. If possible the  chicks* should be grown on different  ground each year ard not more than  the number tho land will"stand should  be raised on it. >.Thc little fellows  should be allowed to range -is far as  possible and have abundance of sunshine ancl shade so that they can have  the benefit of either at will. Lon .  growth and bushes afford ideal protection from wind and help much in  adding to the undisturbed growth of a  growing flock- Corn fields and fields  bearing such like crops-are the very-  best places to allow the small chicks  to range and' if their coops can bo  placed in proximity to such it will  prove the very best arrangement that  could be secured.  Food in the summer season is just  as important as at any other time.  Perhaps'.'more- or-lcss is due .to improper feedng than most people imagine. This is especially true Of overfeeding. It is r. simple matter to reduce the amount of food the old flock  gets and practically eliminate such  heating foods as corn and buckwheat.  However,: we believe if a variety is fed  in limited quantities the birds will get  along very nicely and: give first-clas."*  results. 'It is not quite as important  what kinds of grain they get as the  number of varieties-of. grain offered  them., The birds can balance it to.  their individual requirements and"the:i  they do not get more than they can  cat. up nicely which will be evident at  feeding time. Dry inash of good balance can be used with the best resul'.s  and danger from, overfeeding is practically done away with.  Too much water cannot be supplied  the birds ,'it this "time and the of'tener  it is changed the fresher and cooler it  will be for them. Special attention to  this detail will result in -more eggs  when many birds are resting or loafing and have better birds to enter the  fall and winter for business at that  time. ....  With the small chicks feed and  water require closest attention in  every detail. We have not found anything to replace a good commercial  chick food for thu first six weeks.  Usually we give treats of some sort of  meat cooked and cut up Tor the every  other day "or so and hard boiled eggs  when we can spare them.- As the  weather gets warm .the danger seems  to lie in any end 'avor to force the little fellows and generally with sloppy  feed of some sort cr other start bowel  trouble .that will bring disaster to a  good many of them. A little food often,  of big variety, and a:, much milk as  we can let them nave gives a chick  as good a start as anything, and particular attention during the hot weather must be paid to see that f,hey do  not get too much. Good, dry mash, of  course, prevent;* this likelihood of  over-feeding and while we are coming  to use the system more ancl more a  little time is gained by us by using .*.  wet mash made up largely of bran and  ground grains moistened to a crumbly  mess with sour or sweet milk.. We believe the birds .feather better and possibly are ready just a little sooner  than wilh the dry mash entirely.  If these details are given close attention, innumerable difficulties that  may arise may be avoided, such a*s  roup, canker, chickenpox, going light,  consumption, and all forms of lost vitality due to being fairly eaten up with  mites and lice that multiply by the  millions where the conditions favor  them.  It may seem easier to overlook  these little details during the hot days,  but we fully believe every effort made  to .stick to the attending to the necessary daily details for success.'will be  well repaid in the increased results  that cannot help but be evident whtilths chicks come to maturity.���������A. P.  Mar: ball.* Niagara Falls, Canada,  Breeder Niagradot Wiiite Wyandotte-..  Female Supremacy  A 1,000 poi.nd steer goes to the  block and that is the end of him, but  only a fairly good dairy cow will produce several times her own weight in  milk each year and keep it up during  her entire active life. What is the answer?  After more than G,00O years of production in Ihe olde.' countries of Europe the yields of crops are large and  increasing from their more intelligent,  methods of intensive culture.  ,.Pat and Mike were crossing the river  on a ferryboat. They were watching  intently a big dredging barge that was  sending its mammoth scoops under  thc water and bringing up tons of  mud. "Pat," says Mike, "wouldn't yez  loike to be a-workin' over there on  that mud-digger?" "Yis," says Pat,  "but,- begorra, Oi'd hate to be wan of  the fellers under the water that's fill-  in' up thini shovels."  Not  Her Fault  ��������� ���������"It  is  the  duty of every  man  and  woman  to  be married  at  the  age  of  twenty-two," said thc lecturer.  "Well," said a *.'oman of thirty, with  some asperity, "you needn't tell me  that.   Talk to the men."  The NeYf Warrior  Science and Organization in the Fieifi  of Battle  The modern battle is won not on It  in the playing-fields, but in J.hc arsenals, the forges, and the factories of  the country at war. Up against the old  type of manly, clean-lighting, courageous Englishman comes a new type oi'  scientific warrior, who laughs to scorj*  the old rules of gentlemanly warfare*.;  plays out of bounds without tho.slightest scruple if he'.thinks he can get s.  yard nearer his goal, and comes armed with a hldeouspanoply of scientific,  weapon's to be used .'"without mercy upr  on man, woman, or child, so long af  they help in the slightest degree to  hack the way through or to-,inspire  terror.'.Such is the German of today,,  who, in the name of science, efficiency, organization, throw's his challenge to the old and chivalrous fighting spirit of'his neighbors. It now  falls to them to show that, while fhiF.  good fighting spirit is inta-ct, they can  make themselves the equal and the  superior of their scientific enemy. It.  can be done, and, If and when it is  done, wc believe that the old fighting:  spirit will still prove itself the superior. But the millions .of young, mea  who are going into the .firing line must,  have behind them the concentrated,  energy of the whole country, and  whatever science and organization are  doing for their opponents must be.  done for them.���������-Westminster Gazette.  Vision in the Eyes  Why   It   Does   Net  Appear  Absolutoly  Dark   When.  You    Wink  When a person winks his eyes .1:e.  momentarily covers the entire eyeballs and everything therefore should  turn absolutely black and be in total  darkness for the instant. As a matter .  of fact, he certainly^ is in total darkness, but he is unconscious of same.  The reason he is unconscious is that  the eye is incapable of removing a certain view from itself until an eighth of  ..second has elapsed. So the view seen  just* before the ball goes into eclipse  continues to be seen for an eighth of.-.  second. But as the eye is not covered '  by the lid as long as this, a new view  arrives to supplement the old view before the old one has vanished. Thus  the darkness is not noticed, althougk  there is no doubt that it exists.  "This samei'���������peculiarity of the eye enables moving pictures to have their being. It also"is the reason why a lighted torch whirled rapidly around shows  a path instead of a sequence of  torches. Also why n rapidly rotating  wheel does not show its spokes. If a  snapshot be taken o" such a wheel'it  does show the spokes, however, and  proves the above fact of persistence.  Or if the wheel be viewed by ;. lightning flash it shows them.���������New York.  World. '  Homemade Trousers  With   a   Word   to   the    Woman - Who  Makes   Her  Own   Gowns  Would men ever get anywhere, d&  you think, if they fussed around-with  as many disconnected things'as most-  women do? And the worst of our  case is fiiat we are rather inclined to  point with pride to what is really one  of the most vicious habits of our sex.  We have al) seen the swelling satisfaction with which the ccmely young  sehoolma'am, complimented Upon s.  pretty gown, announces, "1 made 'A  myself." And we lave ali heard th.v  chorus of admiring approbation following the anonuncement���������joined in it,  perhaps, and asked to borrow the pattern. But really, viewed in the light of  reason, what is there about the feaJ  upon which she should so plume hex-  self?  Suppose that a :uan should poinS  proudly to his nether garments aiul  say: "Lo!. 1 made these, trousers." S  have not a mental picture of even tin-  most economical o" his fellow clerks  or mail carriers, or clergymen, oz  school, teachers, crowding around tr.  admire   and   cry:   "What   a   splendif  inic out of bus>-  just like s-  way to spend your  ness hours!    And  tailor nude."  Which last is just as truly a 1)2  when we tell it to our fellow womor  as it would l>2 if men told it to me:,  ������������������Mary Lee 1-Iarkncss in Atlantic.  Thc practice indulged in by derma?,  soldiers at the front of sending honst  the empty shells of spent cartridges  to be 'made into b.'acolets and othrr-  soitvenirs, has been stopped in t)*7  Second Bavarian. Army Corps. Tbr  commander of that corps has issu;-;-  the following order:  "It has been brought to our attention that thc soldiers at the front h*  France are utilising empty shells 6'.  rifle cartridges for the making of soi-  venirs, bracelets and other articles tfi  ornament. In doing this they are using the property of the: imperial go*  ernment ancl this practice is absolutely prohibited. Soldiers having empfs  cartridge shells will hereaftc: forward  th obi to thc nearcs*. artillery depot e~  thc government." THE    SUN,    GllAND    FOKKS,    B. C.  ,iT  ray  Nine rimes in ten when the liver is right the  . t stomach and bowels are right.  CARTER'S UTTLE  UVER PILLS  gently but firmly compel a lazy liver to  do its duty  Cures Const JpAtion,  Endijjes-  tiora,  Sick  Headache, and Distress after Eating.  $msll PiiJ, Small Dose, Small Price.  Gentsine must, bear Signature'  ji^iS.  ^C?������?&e������-  Is An Interesting Highway  The  sels  ;uy  As you would any other  household commodity���������with  an eye to full value.  When you buy EDDY'S  Matches you receive a generously filled box of Sure, Safe  Lights.  Ask For  Silent Parlor Matches  Atlantic Sees Strange Ves  During These War Da^ys  The war haes. brought more than  Dreadnoughts into active commission.  Any day in the harbor at St. John,  New Brunswick, may be seen a number of the old square-rigged Canadian  sailing vesesis loading up for England.  These relics of the nautical past are  helping to fill the gap made by "orders  of the admiralty." Ami there is money  in the business. British importers of  Canadian timber, for instance, have  now to pay about =tli '103. per standard of 105 cubic feet for freight from  St. John to old country ports. One old  "tub,1' to. use the irreverent phraseology of the m'oderi. gold-hvccd officer  in the merchantservice, was sold not  long ago for $8,000. \ In one trip alone  this same "tub" is said to have cleared ������12,0.00' profit! An iron sailing  vessel that cost $25,000 is said to have  made $o5,000 on its first trip.across  the Atlantic. Old "salts" who have  been living on shore for many years  have again donned������their oilskins. A  boot and shoe merchant,-who had not  saiold a ship for twenty years, sold  his store, bought an interest in a brig,  skippered it himself across the. Atlantic, and cleared up $3,000 "in a  month. No more boot selling for him,  he declares. The Atlantic is in interesting highway'these war days!-���������The  Canada Gazette.  :ns  Applied in  5  Seconds  Sore, blistering feet  from corn - pinched  toes can bs cured by  '-"utnp.in's Extractor in  24 'lours. "PutnanrrV soothes away  that drawing pair., eases instautly,  makes the feet leei good .it once. Cet  a -2i-c  bottle of "Putnam's to'iay.  HI  A German Phalanx  Health cannot be looked for in the  child that is subject to .worms,' because worms destroy health by .creating internal disturbances that retard  development and cause serious weak-  1 ness. Miller's Worm Powders expel  | worms and are so beneficial in their  action that -tlie"systems ������������������of-the little  sufferers are restored to healthful-  ness, all the discomforts and dangers  of worm infection are removed, and  satisfactory growth is assured.  New and Second Hand Safes  Some line  Safes, Cash  Scales, etc.,  50-Princess  new    and    second-hand  Registers,     Computing  cheap.    F.  I-I. Robinson,  street, Winnipeg.  British Heroes  The Brave Six Hundred Who Died in  Silence  Writing home to his daughter from  the Dardanelles, a member of the  French, Expeditionary Force describes  in a letter, reproduced by the Matin,  how he saw 1-I.M.S. Majestic go to  her doom.  It was about G.35 a.m., he says,  when the battleship was struck. As |  soon as she was torpedoed by the i  German submarine she heeled over in  an alarming fashion till she had a"  list of about 45-degrees to port-  Everything on deck fell or slid with  a tremendous din and" whatever was  not attached was thrown iuto the sea.  But I owe to the truth to say that  there was not a single instant of  panic' and that many of the seamen  ���������who, recognizing the imminence of  the ���������danger, had undressed waiting the  critical instant with calm.  They had not long to wait, for four  minutes after the explosion the Majestic abandoned her inclined position  and turned completely over aud went  down, the forward keel alone enlarging.  It was a terrible moment, but it  was also sublime when six hundred  men, facing death mute and strong,  were thrown into the sea, covered and  caught in the torpedo nets which ensnared them like an immense cast-  net among the gigantic eddies of their  annihilated battleship.  British Valor Unsurpassed  British courage, was never more  gloriously exhibited than it has been  by the soldiers and sailors of the empire during the present conflict. The  long roll of", British victories in the  past centuries was never embellished  by nobler feats of arms than those  performed upon land and sea by British army and navy during the past  twelve months. Not Clontarf gave  greater glory to Irishmen than has the  ceaseless warfare in the trenches of  Flanders given the sons of the Emerald Isle. The courage of Bannock-  bunr has carried through the intervening centuries, and . the men of  Scotland have died at Namur, at.Mons  and at Ypres even as their fathers  died for generations that-their land  should be kept free. Crecy, Poitiers,  Agincourt, .Blenheim, . Badajoz "*��������� ~or  Waterloo gave_"English soldiers : no  greener laurels for bravery than have  Neuvs Chapelle, St. Julien and Given-  chy. British valor is unsurpassable  by troops of any nation that the sun  shines upon. Kitchener and French  and other British commanders have  accomplished all that, it was possible  to accomplish.���������Washington Post.  Hard and soft corns both yield to  HoIIoway's Corn Cure, which is entirely safe to use, and certain and satisfactory in its action.  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  67 local tppllciltonn. as they cannot reach ths dSi.  sued portion of tbe ear. Tnore ia or.iy on* way to  euro dcR&ca. ind that Is by constttutloanl remedien,  Dullness 13 catiscd by an laBimed condtt!o:i ol tia  mucous nnise; 01 the Eustachian Tube. Whea this  tuba la inflame 1 yuu fcavo a rumbllne; sound or Imperfect hearing, and vrhen it la entirety closed, Deat-  Eesa fcs the result, and unless thc !riflam:r.at'on can ba  nkea out and tlita tubo restored to Its normal condition, Imrlnz T.-iil bo destroyed forever; nine cases  ������ut ot tea ars caused by Cafc.rrh, r/bich L������ nothing  but sn lnflr.med condition o( the mucous curlacea.  W������ VIII give One Hundred Doltara for any enso oi  P������������fnesa (caused by catarrh) that cannot be cured  ky Hall'3 Catatrh Cure.   Bend for circulars, frea.  k j. CHENEir & co.; to****-, a  Bold b������ Dru������rjlsts. 7Se.  "ESZ.* Eail'j Family Fills for ocostlpation.  Just a Sidelight  The manner in which the manufacture of aeroplanes in this country has  been quickened .by the European war  Is reflected in the demand for varnish  for the machines turned out. A big  varnish company had been selling one  manufacturer of aeroplanes about ������100  worth of its product a year. For the  last six months the aeroplane man's  purchases have averaged $1,200 a  mouth, and $1,200 worth of varnish  will go a long way in finishing up aeroplanes.���������Wall Street Journal.  Italy Bitter Against Germans  The bitterness which prevailed  against Germany in Italy as far back  as last September is graphically told  in a letter which the Prager Tageblatt  prints in its issue of June 1G.  A German business man stopping  in Milan, seeking a connection with  some business hous- in Italy, inserted  an advertisement to this effect- This  man was well known and respected  in Milan, where he had been doing  business for ten years. He was amazed when he received the following.re-  ply in Italian from a commercial concern in Milan:  "Only a German could have the audacity and impudence to think that as  a spy of the German General Staff he  could find accomplices jn Italy. You  infamous brigands, destroyers of  churches and torturers of thc wounded! May thc curse of our Clod annihilate your despicable country!"  German Cavalry Sent to Certain  Death by Heartless Commanders''-  Half a battalion of German soldiers  swung suddenly into a clear space between two woods. They came forward  ���������at the slow trot which is ordained  and practised for such adventures.  T'hc men in. the front rank had actually, locked arms, as if these most modern of warriors were pai;t and parcel  of a Macedonian phalanx. Their rifles  were not even held at the hips, much  less puf"to the shoulder," but were suspended by straps with the muzzles  pointing .upwards.and- backwards. The  reason was that the men had no arms  or hands to spare. The one arm was  locked in the neighbor's; the other  was Weld across and in front of the  eyes to hide the death,that was coming. It is needless to"add that none  of this sacrificed company dealt death  and all of them died.  The incident, was told to me by a  British officer who has seen as much  of the war as anyoueand has most deservedly ��������� made his name in the war.  He, gave the story in the course of conversation as an example of the: most  moving spectacle which had come before his eyes during the war. The  slung grille and the hands before the  eyes degraded the soldiers to sheep,  a sight to; distress another soldier's  heart, even though an enemy's. Why  the men were forced to this almost  passive immolation none could tell;  but apparently they represented a deliberate move in a concerted attack.  They were meant to die for an unknown end.  The attack failed, and the Germans  lost heavily. The obedience, to which  the whole nation is attached, was in  this case ruin. How very different is  the German soldier when his individuality is given play. "In the dodges of  trench warfare they beat us every  time," said the commander of one section of our trenches. Their, snipers  have exhibited a. remarkable combination of patience, scientific, precision,  and on occasion daring. The standard  plan is to watch for any movement  in the opposing trench; either at head  or above the trench or a flick of movement behind a loophole. Using a telescope, 'sight and fixing the rifle on a  rest and'."drawing a bead" oi- the spot,  the sniper will wait for an hour or  two till the movement is seen again;  and so accurate is he that a hit is almost certain. We have tested this accuracy again and again with dummies  and movement of paper or stuff behind loopholes. I do not suggest that  the German snipers are better than  ours; but I am quite sure that they  have an easier quarry. More Germans  see British than British see Germans."  ���������London Daily Mail.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Manhattan had its first judicial decision under a new and entirely extemporaneous system last Monday,  and it resulted in the freeing of a  dusky prisoner charged with attempted robbery. The latter was penniless,  and Judge Malonc iu general sessions  appointed a lawyer to defend him.  The prosecution failed to make out a  case and the feeless lawyer, addressing Judge Malone, said:  "I move that thc jury be directed to  acquit."  ''I second that motion," shouted the  defendant.  Amid general laughter the court  acquiesced.  "lie just naturally had to do it,"  commented Ihe negro. "Wasn't It regularly moved  and seconded'.'"  New York  Drinking More  Milk  Following the announcement that  the number of saloon licenses has  greatly decreased comes the information from the health department that  the amount of milk used in New York  City has increased fifty per cent, within the last ten years.  The average daily receipts of milk  in New York City in 1914 were 2,541,-  2S0 quarts, which with a population  of five and a half millions gives an  average daily par capita allowance of  more than three gills. When a man  drinks three gills of milk a day the  "back to the farm"'movement is ob-'  viously on the rise. Fully a gill of that  is not water.  Great Britain  Getting' Inventions  Thousands   of   Offers   Have   Been   Received   Since the   War  Began  The appointment of an inventions  hoard of scientific men, with Lord  Fisher, recently first lord of the admiralty, as its head to assist the British navy, was largely the result of the  suggestion made by Lord Bryce. former ambassador to the United States, to  the house of lords and following upon*  a discussion in which similar proposals were made by Sir William Rah~  say and other eminent scientists.  Lord Bryce pointed out that the  country needed not only fighting men,  but should mobilize its inventive ingenuity in chemistry, mechanics, engineering, physics���������the whole range  of science. .While the American navy  was a few days anead of the British  in launching this plan, according to  the cables, its. inception in both cases  was due to the lessons of the war.  The admiralty received 1C.000 offers  of new scientific devices during the  first five months of the war. Many  were from Americans. Another 16,000  doubtless came under 'the stimulus-of  the last five months. Of the first  10,000 a hoard undertook to sort the  wheat from the chaff to eliminate the  "crank" proposals, and reduced to 25  the number which, in the board's -judgment, were worthy of any attention.  Another board has scrutinized these  25 more rigidly, and reduced them to  just two. These two are being worked out with.every precaution of secrecy, and every prospect, it is declared, of giving a surprise in mechanical  warfare exceeding anything produced  by German ingenuity.  "Elaborate trials have been made of  one of these devices in English waters  aud in actual service at the Dardanelles. Rigid secrecy has been observed as to the details, but. it can be said  that the trials give promise of rendering a battleship immune from the  submarine torpedo.  "I have talked with many scientific  men, and they are ready to give their  best efforts in devising all the manifold requirements of this, extraordinary war���������a war of science had  developed in-the .ah; the water, beneath the water, and in every conceivable way, as weir as on the fighting line," said Lord Bryce, referring  to his suggestions. "It is the scientific men who use their brains in thinking out the remarkable devices which  are revolutionizing modern warfare,  and then the ordinary agencies of  government merely carry out and apply what science'has devised. It is  the same in war as in peace." The inventive genius of men like the late  Prof.; Langley of the Smithsonian Institution���������the -pionee-'._ of':- aviatiou;  and Bell and Edison, and many of  our own men, points the way to some  great achievement in controlling the  forces of nature, and after that it  remains only for the ordinary  branches of government 'or commerce to apply what the scientific  brain has.conceived."  intmciit  -.'tually cures even thc worst  cases of itching, bleeding and  protruding piles we know for a  certainty, because of experience with thousands of cases.  To prove tills to you wc shall  send you a sample box free, if  you encloso a two-cent stamp  to pay postage, and mention  this paper.  \ Edmanson, Kates & Co.,  4*4 Limited.--..Toronto.  ..The; Miffht-of'Britain  The  Allied  The  cent  Grand Reserve of the  Cause, Says Churchill  followiug peroration of a re-  speech by Hon. Winston  Churchill is worthy of preservation  as a terse but telling picture of tlie  British position in the war.  "The word of Britain, is now taken  as ihe symbol and the. hall mark of  international good faith and loyalty  of our Dominions and Colonies vindicates our civilization and the hate  of our enemies proves the effectiveness of our warfare. -���������: Yet I would advise you from time to time, when you  are anxious or depressed, to dwefl a  little on the color and light of the terrible war pictures now presented to  the eye. See Australia and New Zealand sjniting down in the last and finest crusade the combined barbarisms  of Prussia and Turkey! General Louis  Botha holding South Africa for the  King! See Canada defending to the  death the last few miles of shattered  Belgium! Look further and across  the smoke and carnage of the immense battlefield, look forward to tlie  vision of a united British empire on  the calm background/ of a liberated  Europe! Then turn\again to your  task. Look forward, do not look  backward. Gather afresh in heart  and spirit all the energies of your  being, bend anew together for a supreme effort. The times are harsh,  need'is dire, the agony of Europe is  infinite. But the might of Britain,  hurled_;_ united into the conflict, .will  he irresistible. We are the grand reserve of the Allied cause, and that  grand reserve must now march forward as one man!"  Here is a mixture of kingdoms, if  not.of metaphors, taken from a history  examination paper:  "He stretched his sultry length beneath the ewe-tree's shade."  "Away back as .ar as the time of  Jack Carter, England sent her ships into Hudson Bay to trade beads and  muskets with the Indians for ivory  off the walrus-tree."���������Century.  "We need a young woman to run our  filing department," said the big business man. "Have you had any experience in that line?"  "Lots of'.if." replied the fair applicant. "I worked for over a year in a  manicure parlor."  Change the Vibration  It  Makes For Health  W. N. U. 1065  Insure Against Aerial Raids  The British government has completed a plan for state insurance  against damage by aircraft and bombardment, in which it will work in connection with, fire insurance offices.  Thc rates to be charged in all districts  will be identical, and for private-dwellings nre fixed at two shillings per  cent, against aircraft, and three shillings against aircraft and bombardment  A man tried leaving off meat, potatoes, eclfeo, etc., and adopted a breakfast of fruit, Grape-Nuts with cream,  some crisp toast and a cup of Pos-  tum.  His health began to improve at once  for the reason that a meat eater will  reach a place once in a while where  his system seems to become clogged  and the machinery doesn't work  smoothly-  A change of this kind puts aside  food that is slow to digest and takes  up food and drink of the highest  value, already partly digested and capable of being quickly changed into  good, rich blood and strong tissue.  A most valuable feature of Grape-  Nuts ia the natural mineral elements  (phosphate of potash, etc.) grown in  the grains from which it is made.  These elements are absolutely necessary for the well-balanced rebuilding  of body, brain and nerves.  A few days' use of Grape-Nuts will  show one a way to physical and mental strength well worth tho (rial.  Look in pkgs. for the little book,  "Thc Road to Wellvllle.". "There's a  Reason."  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs,���������This fall I got thrown  on a fence and hurt my chest very  bad, so 1 could not work and it  hurt me to breathe. I fried all kinds  of Liniments and they did me no  good.  One bottle of MINARD'S LINIMENT, -warmed on flannels and applied on my breast, cured me completely.  C. I-I. COSSABOOM.  Rossway, Digby Co., N.S.  The Greek Elections  King Constantinef, it need hardly be  said, understands tho duties and the  position of a constitutional monarch,  too well not to bow to the considered will of the country. Shortly before his illness he used some significant language on this point in conversation with an American journalist. He said that if M. Vcnizelos was  returned to power they would work  together in harmony as before, for  the cjinmon realization of the national inspirations, "which were* merely the desire of national unity." The  remarkable activity of the German  Press Bureau in Greece, their agents,  emmissaries and dependents, in carrying en a bitter press campaign against  M." Vcnizelos shows how greatly his  success was dreaded in Berlin.���������Loudon Times.  Two  Ways of Measuring  Mr. Lloyd-George's -wit on the platform is well known, but Pearson's  Weekly says that the following was  one of the neatest retorts he ever  made:  Pie was addressing a meeting in  South Wales when the chairman,  thinking t.o_he witty at the chancellor's expense, remarked to the audience that he was a little disappointed  in  Mr.   Lloyd-George's   appearance.  "I had heard so   much    about Mr.  Lloyd  George,"  he  said,  "that I naturally expectedto meet a big man in  every sense;  but, as you can see for,  yourselves,    he is very small in sta-'  ture." ":  Many an orator would ..have been  grievously upset by such an unfortunate beginning to the proceedings, but  not so Mr. Lloyd George.  "1 am grieved to find," he said, with  mock seriousness, "that your chairman is disappointed in my-'size, but  this is owing to the way you have  hero of measuring a man. in North  Wales we measure a man from his  chin up. but you evidently measure  him from his chin down!"  After that, the chairman made no  more personal remarks.  Sign Letters to Soldiers  The post office department calls attention to the fact that letters addressed to soldiers at the front  should be signed by the writers in  full. Where letters signed by Christian name only cannot be delivered  owing to the address being missing,  wounded or dead, it is impossible for  the Cnnadian postal service to return  thorn to the senders. In view of this  tlie public is urged to fully sign all  letters addressed to soldiers at tlie  front, and in addition to this to indicate the name and address of the  sender &n the upper left hand corner  of the address side of thc envelope.  They Soothe Excited Nerves.���������Nervous affections are usually attributable to defective digestion, as the  stomach dominates the nerve centres.  A course of I'armelee's Vegetable  Pills will still ail disturbances of this  character, and by restoring the stomach to normal action relieve the  nerves from irritation. There is no  sedative like them and in the correction of irregularities of the digestive  processes, no preparation has done so  effective work, as can be testified to  bv thousands.  Shronk stopped his motor car at a  desolate crossroads and yelled to a  farmer who lay on a cart of fertilizer;  "Hey, Cornsilk, is this tlie way to  Croydon?"  The farmer raised himself from tho  fertilizer in astonishment.  "By   heck,   stranger,   how   did   you  know  my  name  was  Cornsi   asked.  "I   guessed   it,"  said  "ThiMi, by h'-ck," said  ho  drove   off,   "guess  Croydon."  This is the Supreme Hour  "There has been said that iu every  man's life there is one .supreme hour  to which all his earlier experiences  move and from which all future results may be reckoned. For every individual Briton, as well as for our national existence, that, solemn hour is  now striking. Let us take heed to the  great opportunity it offers and which  most assuredly we must grasp now,  and at once, or never. Let each man  ot us see that we spare nothing, shirk  nothing and shrink from nothing, it"  only we may lend our full weight lo  tho impetus which will carry to victory the cause of our honor and our  freedom."���������Lord Kitchener.  lie  the motorist,  the farmer, as  your   way   to  FREE TO ALL-SUFFERERS  Ify.>.il*������l "������jt; i n('.')." is*'K!,':* i/ow:." 'cor t ii <- D.v.'iV  ������i:ri'F!! from kis-nev. nr.Ai>i>K!-. mkkvoi/s riisr.Atiii,  CII l< CNN. '.ITKM'js.lM I. I'M, SUN KttlJPl IOM,riL������S,  ������n:i /or FREE c i.'iiii uovuu ukuicm. ������ooic o:i  tnn- difMiFi in-! wrrinp.RK'X CllPKB ���������ffoctrj bf  THE NEW F/1ENCH REMEDY. N.I N������2N.:i  THERAPION^rW/,":  thnrnmHr lor voi;i;oivi ������ilmfar, Abiul<iMlr FREK  No'fulloiv u;.'dr. .I'.iri. *.'<> nlilinatidn.i, 1)K. I.i:Clii/o  Mr.i' Oi.ll u'KF'sroi k I'li.ll \uihikm) t.onoanJSUtu  vs. wAxr 19 n-yv* lUtKArijx win 0083 *CCl. t rv't^-i'���������.���������.li.������.  THE   SUN,    JRAND\FORKS,  .B. 0.  Wedding, Presents  Let us help you pick that  Present you are going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  suggestions to  A, D, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS,'B.C.  31)p <8ran&3farkfl S>mt  G. A. Evans. Editor and Publisher  BUHSCKIl'TION  KATBS  , O ib  Yo.ir   Ono Your (In advance)   <>:ie Year, in United States .  .-51.58  . t.00  . 1.60  We have no  make regarding the', disposal  of the machine gun fund, preferring to let those who contributed the bulk of it place it  where they think it will do the  most good. At the same time  we feel certain that the majority of the donors will share  in our disrjpeintment on' learning that the money could not  be used for" the purpose for  which it was so freely and so  spontaneously offered.  The Agricultural Loan  was merely deviccd for  purpose of catching votes.  act  the  Address all communications to  TheGkaM) Fohks Sun.  I'.ionk  1174 Gkand Pohks. B. C  krlday, September 24, mis  .James .Rodway, who is the  curator of the British Guiana  Museum and an eminent' bot-  antist. declares' that plants  have at least three of our five  senses ��������� feeling, taste and  smell���������and that certain tropical trees smell water from a  distance, and will move  .straight toward it. ��������� Our attentive study of fruit;" trees  convinces us that they have a  fourth sense, that some people, at least, possess. It is  gratitude. After watering a  parched tree on a warm day,  the leaves suddenly begin to  quiver and rustle, and in a  voice that none but those who  are verged in the tree language understand, it softly  whispers, "Thank you."  Two or three years ago The  Sun made the prediction that  the next provincial election  would develop into a contest  between the taxpayers and  the government employees.  Verily, we believe that we are  endowed with a prophetic  gift of a superior quality. All  who desire to have their future revealed may have their  wish gratified by calling at  this office. A small fee will  be demanded in advance, because while.we. are prepared  to guarantee an absolutely  correct reading, we can not  undertake to make it of such  an agreeable nature that the  subject would be inclined to  pay for it. Tho truth is quite  frequently very unpalatable.  There is so much truth in the following editorial l'rotn the Greenwood  L������dge that we take pleisure reproducing it. We consider .the patent  medicine habit as gn-*at a curse to  humanity as the liquor habit. The  ii)dit*c*ri*iiimUe use of the.-e patent  nostrum.-- ruin the constitutions ot  men, women and children, and they  are responsibility for laying the  foundiition of thousmds of drunk-  aids' craving for whisky:  "The law of the  universe is ordei  and aouon.   The breaking of nalureV  laws ia   the cause of   all disease and  misery.    He who   understands  and  obeys ihe   laws   of  nature.is always  sane, happy and healthy.   He is free  from sin and heaven is always   with  him.   Save your body and you   will  not worry about your   soul.    About  SO per of all diseases   will   be   cured  without any aid, simply by   leaving  them   alone     This explains why so  many people are positive that they  were   cured   by   Christian   Science,  patent medicine, or such and such a  physician.     No matter how   absurd  tbe treatment, the p'ltient   will  give  it credit for making him   well, if he  recovers   while   under   its   iej*ime.  Time, with proper  living, will   cure  the   other   20   per cent of our   diseases, provided the organ or  organ?  affected  are   not  wasted   beyond  a  certain   point.    Nature   requires  a  certain amount of material  to work  upon.    Nature   ts   destructive and  constructive and never' quits Working.    Nothing  is   destroyed    upon  this earth.    It is   simply   changed.  The salvation   of  the   human   race  grows more perfect as we harmonize  more and more ^vitb nature."  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January   42,211  February   63,091  March  69,948  Agril .85,382  May 100,693  ���������June...'. '103,004  July ; 101,058  August ; 103,062  Total  008,449  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop. '  K.  C.  HEN NIGER  WILL SELL YOU  Our Best Flour, 100 lbs $3.75  "     50 lbs    2.00  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs    3.50  50 lbs -~J,85  The name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street  Grand Forks. B. C.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries,  it is a valuable advertising medium ,  hncause its large' subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, trie rely on its merits $s a  newspaper. -It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub  sccribers.  STRAYED  Strayed onto my premises,  one black vear-old bull,brand-  ed p on left side, and left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within thirty days  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  1915.  Aug. 2  James A. Harris.  OT lAMF  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  When doing that work in-Franklin and   Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet jom Supplies at tne  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request. -  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  John Waoanuiker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, bub the pu'.l is.stead3'. Ib in  creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  Hon. W. J. Bowser and the  Doukhobors are having a love  feast at present. It is rumored  that the attorney-general has  induced Peter Veregin to send  the Donkhobor children to  school until after the election  at least.  After nearly two thousand  vears of Christian civilization,  the people appear to be as  bloodthirsty today as they  were when Nero held down  the throne in the Eternal City.  Then they were satified with  seeing a few gladiators slaughtered daily; now they must  read at their breakfast table of  whole armies being annihilated,  or they grumble audibly.  The Sun, at SI a .3'ear, is superior  to any f>2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture.   Made   bo  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  RCMcGUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Yale  Barber  Shop  Jtazor Honing a Specialty.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  Men., have   you   seen   bhe valnes  MacDougall & MacDonald   are   offer  ing   in    men's   suits;   tweeds, serges,  worsteds. Prices $11.75, 12.00, 13.50  18.00, 21.00; nil sizes.  THE  LONDON DIRECTORY  (I'uMished Annually)  Enablos traders  throughout   tho   world   to  communicate diroct with Ktifrlish  MANUFACTURERS ������fe DEALERS  in each chissof proods. Resides beins n complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT M E RCHA NTS  with tho Goods they ship, and the Coloniiil  and KorclBti Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  urrantfod nndor tho Ports to which they sail,  and indicating-tbe approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and lndiistria'  ... ��������� centres of tlio United Kingdom.  All applications    tor    VOterS      A copy of the current edition  will  be for.  to  be  placed  on  the voters' KS������Sg?ht ,ml"' ������" "^ofPo<tHl  ist at the November court of thK^'^  revision must be in the hands ml"',sf������"������ sis.   of the registrar of voters  not!  later than the first Monday in ; THE L0ND01V DIRECTOR! CO., LTD.  October. 2.*). Abohurch Lane, London, E,C  P. A,   Z,   PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fihst Strekt.  a  White Wy&fldottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  ]sb and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made  four   an tries  and won   2nd   cock,  1st cockerel, 1st  hen,  Ist pen and silver cups.  Egsj.s from the above are 82.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 1 5.  W^ite Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these mated up   at  SI.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpingt'in hens  with White Let-horn cockerel.  EgtrsSSl.OO for 12.  B.B.W. MILLS  GRAND PORKS  B. C  In your favor is good prin t-  . ing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  argumen ts, reasons, conclu-  ' sions, -when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known- our kind of  printing, let its show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  6  -���������"���������- 1  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait (j<  oas now  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  First Street  Telephones;  OFFICE, Rfi6  Hanse.n'h Residence. R38  MO LIV  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  The weekly market ulll be held ', <jffi "i f]|C| ^J8 for The  on Second street, between Bridge! **$P ��������� &**&**& Sllll for an  street ancl Winnipeg avenue, tomor- entire year. It is the brightest  row forenoon. paper in the Boundary con itry THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  PRESS  We have received apamphletcpn-'  taining Hon. W. J. .Bowser's speech  in   refutal   of  the statements con:  tained   in   ''The Crisis."    The case  now stands:    Certain   charges   were  made   in    ''The   Crisis" against the  government, Hon. W. J. Bowser de  nies  them.    Certain   charges   were  made   in Manitoba against Sir I'od-  mond Roblin and his associates   Sir  Roblin denied them.    A royal com  mission was   appointed   to   investigate. Sir Roblin and   his  associates  are now answering criminal charges  in a magistrate's court:   The charges  made by "Tbe Crisis" first appeared  in   the   B. C. Federationist, a Van  couver    labor   paper, in   December,  1913. Two sessions of the legislature  have   since   been   held, and no attempt made to disprove   the   statements. It is not sufficient that those  statements   should   be   denied   by  members   of  the government; it is  necessary  that'   the   statements   be  conclusively rejuted    This can only  be done through investigation by an  impartial   commission.    "You're   a  liar,"   "you're   another," are   poor  arguments to  approach   the   ballot  with, at least for thinking Conservatives.    The deople want proof---con  elusive pro >���������'.���������Sloc-m Record, C>n-  s-rvative.  PRICE LIST  Spring Flowering Bulbs, Shrubs, Plants  and Rose Bushes  We live to learn. This is what  our friend along the street has to say  today in the course of a criticism of.  the proposition submitted by the unemployed committee:  "In discussing questions of this  nature very many people think of  the government as something apart  from the people, forgetting that any  government is a committee of citi  zens to whom is entrusted for the  time being the administration of the  affairs of the community at large.  The government has no source of income except what it gets from the  community,and if it pays out money  for any purpose it is public money  that is so paid. This is a good thing  to remember in connection with  other things besides the relief of the  unemployed."  Quite so; and we are sure that the  government never iorgets that it is  spending the community money instead jf its own. For instance, the  enormous commissions which were  paid to political friends on land  deals might have been saved bad the  ministers forgotten that the were us  ^ing community funds/ Under the  impression that they were spending  their own, they would have been  most vigilant and careful.' We know  they would not have j|hired Col.  Thomson to superintend the work at  Stiatcona park at $15,000 per an  num. But while the goveanment  always remembers that it is using  community money when it is spending extravagantly, it forgets to account to the community for the way  in which it does the spending. In  the last ten years the government  has spend probably $100,000,000  . and the public accounts committee  of the legislature has held but one'  meeting, and that was a farce.���������  Victoria Times.  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, bub tbe pu'.l is steady. 'It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schenios to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  Men.    have   you   seen   the valnes  MacDougall it MacDonald   arc  ottering   in   men's   suits;  tweeds, serges,  worsteds. Prices $11.75, 12.00, 13.50.  18.00, 21.00; all sizes.  HYACINTHS  No. 1 Large Extra" Selected.  La Innocence���������Pure   white;   finest  and largest grown $1.50 per doz., post paid  Grande Blanche���������Blush white.... 1.50 "     "       " .   "  Gertrude���������Rich rosv pink   1.50 "      "        "      "  Rose Gem���������Rosy red   1.50"     "       "     "  King of the   Belgians���������A grand  brilliant crimson-scarlet :.  1.50 "      "        "      "  Grandeur and Merville, rosy white 1.50 "     "       "      "  King of the Blues���������Rich deep blue. 1.50 "��������� '"       "  No. 2 size, same variety as above only the bulbs are one  size smaller.    This size is line for house culture.    Price, 80c  per doz., post paid.  Bedding Hyacinths���������Separate colors.   Price, only  60c per  doz.; $3.75 per 100 by express.  Miniature Hyacinths���������White only. 50c per doz., post paid.  NARCISSUS AND DAFFODILS  Paper White Narcissus.-. 40c per doz., post paid  Posticus Ornatus���������Pine for house and  garden culture; pure white, with  saffron cup,tinged with rosy scarlet.20c ".     "      "      "  Madam De Graaff���������The  Queen of  Daffodils;  almost white $1.50"      "      "      "  Sir Watkin���������Very large, perianth yellow, extra large bulb 50c"      "      "      "  Emperor���������Enormous-brilliant trumpets.60o "     "  Empress���������Perianth white, trumpet rich  yellow ��������� 00c "      "      "      "  Bicolor-Victoria���������Yellow trumpet... 00c "      "      "  Golden Spur���������Extra large bold yellow  flowers... 00c "      "      "      "  Double Daffodils  Von Zion���������No. 1  large bulb;  golden  yellow; double trumpet 60c per doz., post paid  Von Zion���������No. 2- size; golden yellow;  double trumpet ; 50c"      "      "      "  Orange   Phoenix���������Beautiful   double    .  white flowers, with orange riectary.35c "      "      ".      "  Sulphur   Phoenjx ��������� Color   sulphur  white 35c "     "      "     "  EARLY DOUBLE TULIPS  La Candeur���������Pure White ������������������ ....30c per doz., postpaid  Blanchie Rosette���������Fine rose pink, tall.30c "      "      "  Rubra Maxima���������Rich scarlet--. ..-40c"   ������������������������������������".      "      "  Couronne d'Or���������Fine yellow.- -60c "      "    ��������� " .    "  Murillo���������Lovely deeppink ��������� -60c "     "      "     "  .      EARLY SINGLE TULIPS  Crimson Brilliant ��������������������������� -��������� ��������� -35c per doz., post paid  La Reine���������White, shading to delicate  pink���������.....���������-v- ��������� --- 25c"     ,"   -���������"   ,."  Yellow Prince���������Sweet scented- .-30c "     "      "     "  Rose Gi is de Lin���������-Most beautiful delicate pink��������� ��������� -25c"      "  Keiserskroon���������Bright red with yellow  edge- ������������������������������������������������������ --35cper doz., post paid  DARWIN TULIPS  Clara Butt���������Soft blush pink .-45c per doz., post paid  Europe���������Scarlet of wonderful dazzling  color :45c "      "      "      "  White Queen���������Pure white���������-��������� 45c"  Gretchen���������Soft salmon 35c "      "      "      "  Dream���������Grand lilac variety 45c"      "      "      "  Pride of Haarlam���������Deep rose, shaded  scarlet ��������� 50c "      "      "      "  SINGLE LATE TULIPS  Picotee���������White, rose striped 30c per doz., post paid  Isabella���������Red and white 30c "      "      '.'     "  Bonton d'Or���������Pure deep golden  35c "      "      "      "  Gesn Spathulata���������Dazzling scarlet ��������� 30c"  Macrosphila���������Black ancl yellow centre.30c "  Golden   Crown���������-Rich   yellow,  petals  faintly edged red 30c "  Mixed Tulips, for bedding 25c " .     "  Parrot or Dragon Tulips���������-Very large  flowers of singular and picturesque  forms  and  brilliant colors;  very  beautiful and interesting 30c "      ������������������      ,;  CROCUS  In four colors, mammoth flowering. 25c per doz., $1.60 per  100, post paid.  SNOWDROPS  Single flowering 15c per doz., $1.00 per 100  SCILLA SIBERICA ~~~  One of the prettiest of early spring flowering bulbs, with  sprays of exquisite rich blue flowers. 20c per doz., post  paid.  Now is the time to do your fall planting.*"'  We have a good assortment of hardy Shade Trees,  Flowering Shrubs, lierbaceous Plants, Phloxes, Peonies,  etc., from 25c up.  Special Prices on Rose Bushes for fall delivery.  Hardy Hybrid Perpetuals, Hardy Hybrid Teas and  Everblooming Tea Roses. Large, strong plants, 25c each;  two-year-old plants, 35c each; three-year-old plants, 50c each.  Climbers and Ramblers same low price.  Terms, Cash with Order.  Note���������-We take no responsibility whatever in respect to  the satisfactory flowering of any bulbs, roots or plants supplied by us and accepted by the purchaser, for as the flowering generally occurs several months after the receipt of the  goods, it depends on many circumstances beyond our control.  Frache Bros., Limited  Florists  P. 0. Box 417  Grand Forks, B. C.  ow  More. Victories Are  Won by SiegeTac=  tics Than by As=  saults  C__Apply thip to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in. betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efiortd' now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, aiid is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand crks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your  Position in Business  bySTEADFASTNESS  IN ATTACK  P  Th< THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  UffiWW.J*S!gE***S^3BM!tliaBgB^  Sold hy all <?qo& slice dealers  Womhy e_y___jme^er^i/iAam\ly  fesj-s-gpf-ggre**^^  The Canadian Exhibit  At San Francisco  Dominion  as  a   Specialist  in  the   Art  of  Devising  Exhibits  Canada has become a specialist in  the  art  of  devising  exhibits   at  the  great fairs of the world.  Since the Centennial Exposition of  187G, we have been represented at all  international expositions���������the Colum-  ' bian, Chicago; the Pan-American, Buffalo; the Japanese, Osaki; the Paris  Exposition; the Louisiana' Purchase,  St. Louis;  the Liege Exposition;  the  ,.Milan, Exposition; theDublin'-Exposi-  -tion; the Entente Cordiale Exposition,  London; the" Alaska-Yukon, Seattle;  the Brussels Exposition; the Festival  of Empire, London; and, lastly, the  Client Exposition, Belgium.  This yaar7 at San Francisco,' according to all accouuts, Canada has  surpassed previous records. In opening the building, Hon. Martin Burrell,  minister of agriculture, stated that  the object of the exhibit was "To illustrate the character of our natural resources, to portray their development,  and to reflect the activities of eight  million people."  Canada lias a special exposition  staff, which constitutes a permanent  branch of the department of agriculture. Experts, under the supervision  of Coinmissionei*-General -William.  Hutchinson, collect and prepare the  various exhibits, .which' are gathered  from-all "parts of the country and become the property of the government.  Our success at international expositions has done much to proclaim the  advantages and resources of Canada,  and is a most valuable stimulus to im-  m igration.   ���������....         ,���������'-..,.,��������� -;~    ----- ���������--  The Cauadan Pavilion at San Francisco covers an area of 70,000 square  feet, and required 2,000,000 feet of  lumber in its construction. The main  floor is divided into three halls, 220  feet long and 20, 30 and '10 feet wide,  respectively. The halls and ceiling-  are decorated, with red felt, upon  which are worked designs in leaves,  grasses ancl grains. A wide frieze  with relief work of grasses, leaves  and shrubs, depicting Canadian scenes  extends  throughout  Ihe  building.  Minard's  Liniment Cures Garget in  Cows.  Canadians Must Advertise  The Toronto Globe makes very apt  comment on the plea of the recent  manufactures* convention for larger  patronage of Canadian industriss by  pointing out that when the convention  was sitting fa Toronto more newspaper space was carried in that city  by a single departmental store advertisement than by all the advertisements of Canadian manufactured  goods. If the "made-in-Canada" niove-  .meut is to be helped along, it is apparent that the manufacturers must  get after business in the same way  that their foreign competitors do*- If  large purchases are made from  abroad, it is mainly because of tiic  more extensive advertising methods  that thc outsiders looking for Canadian business adopt. It. is not enough  to turn out the right kind of goods.  There are problems of salesmanship  as well us of production. The manufacturers have to learn the same lesson as did local merchants exposed to  competition from large centres. A  local store that advertises* well never  has to complain about outsiders cutting into it.j proper field.���������Edmonton  Journal.  A Seer Who Had  Faith  in the Great  Future  of the  Dominion  Mr. A. G. Gardiner has produced a  very interesting biographical sketch in  Jus recent little volume on Lord  Strathcona.  "Sydney Simth said , of Macaulay  that he was 'like a book in breeches.'  One may say of Lord Strathcona that  ho is like Canada in swallow-tails, lie  is not so much a man as a legend���������the  legend of half a continent. Vou shake  hands with him, and it is as if you  shake hands with a section of the British empire. You talk with him, and it  is us if Canada is before you telling  her atstonishing siory. And if the accent still betrays some hint of the  Highlands, that only makes the -impression more complete, for flic eminent Canadian usually has his loots in  Scottish soil. There have been two  great currents westward from these  islands across the Atlantic One has  flowed from Ireland to the United  States; one Irom Scotland to Canada.  "The lad," he goes on, "reached the  solitudes of Labrador alone, unfriended and poor, having travelled hundreds of miles on snowshoes. It was  the loneliest outpost of a lonely land.  Canada, three-quarters or a century  ago, was, still an undiscovered country, far more remote than Australia is  today. Tho sailing vessel that carried  young Donald thither had occupied six  weeks over the journey, and it was  not until later in the year that the  .first" passenger steamer from England,  the Great Western, arrived in New  York harbor. West of the settlements  on the St. Lawrence there stretched a  solitude to the far Pacific shores.  Over the vast territory, afterwards  known as the province of Rupertsland  ���������the Manitoba, Alberta and Saskatchewan of today���������the Hudson Bay Company held dominion. Here and there,  but at incredible.intervals, a little fort  of the company was... planted in the  trackless wilderness���������one, as it were,  in Kent, another in Lancashire, a  third in Scotland. Outside these tiny  shelters, the primeval forest and the  wandering Indian. One of the chief  of these oases was Fort. Garry, with  a-white population mimoering a few  score. Today Fort Garry is the great  city of Winuipeg, the .centre of the  chief agricultural industry in the  world.  "But Donald Smith never faltered  for a moment. He had reached middle  life, and an -affluence that would have  iuvned most men's thoughts to repose.  Thirty years of work and thrift  brought him out of the wilderness and  made him 'tlitj financial king-of Canada. He was supreme in thc great  company that had held half Canada in  -f.?e,-but" had now surrendered -its sovereignty to the state, and through the  Bank of Montreal he controlled with  Lord Mount-Stephen the only resources at all adequate to thc enterprise. Ha staked everything upon the  venture with a quiet fortitude that has  few para. tels. At every crisis, as was  said of a greater man in a greater connection, 'hope shone in him like a pillar of fire when it had gone out of all  others.' There was one such occasion  when it' seemed that the difficulties  were finally insurmountable. Donald  Smith, then in England engaged in  communicating his own confidence to  financiers, received a long letter from  the company couched in teems o������ d3S**  pair. He cabled back one word. It  was a Highland clan cry, 'Craigel-  lachie,' meaning 'Stand fast.' And  then finally the victory was won, and  the -two sets of constructors met in  tlie Eagle Valley in the heart of the  second great ranges which had made  construction so difficult, the piaje was  named 'Craigel-lachie,' sud it was  here that 'Stand Fast' Smith drove in  the last spike that bridged r continent."  The Homestead Law  SUMMER" COMPLAIN TS  KILL LITTLE ONES  Worms sap the strength and undermine the vitality of children.  Str?iigtiien thc-ni by using Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator to drive  out the parasites.  At the first sign of illness during  tlie hot weather give the little ones  Baby's Own Tablets, or in a few hours  ho may be beyond cure. Thesa Tao-  lets will prevent summer complaints  if given occasionally to tlie well child  and. will promptly cure these troubles  if they come on suddenly. Baby's Own  Tablets should always be kept in  every horns.where there arc young  children. There is no other medicine  as good and the mother ha:; the guarantee of a government analyst that  they are absolutely safe. The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 cents a box from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Out.  Husband���������I  really think you  might,  have had thai, ball dross made a little  bit higher in tlie neck���������to say nothing'  of the back.  Wife ���������I'll have it changed . if you |  wish, but this stuff costs ton dollar.? '  a yard.  Husband���������li'ni���������well,   never   mind  prepare  thc  best  tool  stubble  with  the  and  sur-  Life Insurance  Agents Wanted  Good contracts   for Active,  Rcli-  jj]  able  Persons.  J. W. W. Stewart,  Managing   Director  Tlie  Monarch  Life  Assurance Co., hi  Head Office, Winnipeg  VV. N. U. 1065  ' The Disk Harrow  It    nearly always  pays  to  land  before plowing.  The  disk  harrow  is  for Hi is preparation.  It   mixes   the   stalks,  other vegetable matter  fae,- soil-  It   prevents   the   soil   from   drying  mit  h?l'ore  tho  plowing can  be  dotie  and may be a great protection against  drought.  It cuts up and mixes with the furrow  slice tlie green manure crop if one is  being turned down.  It makes Ihe furrow slice turn over  more smoothly, decreases the number of clods and benefits flic seed  bed.  i'iv making thc land moistsr and  breaking tho top of tho ground it  makes the plowing easier and causes  the plow to pulverize the soil more  thoroughly.'  If ovary slubble fief', which is to be  fall plowed were disked at once after  removing thc corn or small grain the  yield of grain over the whole nation would bo greatly increased.���������  Kami  ?Jid   Fireside.  Discrimination        Against        Women  Should   be   Removed  Public interest has been awakened  by the circulation of petitions asking  for the removal of a serious injustice  iu the homesteading law. Women,  c\'cept widows with infant children,  are now denied hoisesteadiug lights.  The discrimination works injuriously  in many ways. A settler with a family of sons fan obtain a homestead  for each as he reaches the ago ot  eighteen. A settler with a family of  daughters is denied this right. One  result of this is the strong inducement to girls to leave the pioneer  farming areas and seek employment  in centres of population. The social  and other disadvantages of pioneer/  life arc thus augmented and permanent settlement discouraged.  The exclusion of women from home-  steading privileges not only weakens  the response to the cmsacie for a return to the land, but makes the homesteader likely to develop into an absentee. The man who performs settlement duties as if in an obstacle  race, without the intention of actual  settlement, but with an outlook for  speculative holding, is an obstruction.',  father than an aid to development.  Were the discrimination against women removed there woiild.be far less  of this class of homesteading. The  entrance of women into'many occupations formerly reserved for men has  not caused the social and economic derangements predicted, but has been  almost invariably advantageous from  the standpoint of progress and development- The change requested in  the homesteading law rests on a basis  of equity that is unassailable: Neither  on grounds of justice nor expediency  can it longer be refused.���������Toronto  Globe.  The Girl Who Win  ACHIEVEMENTS   THAT   ARE   WORTH   WHILE  Besides  Winning  With   Livestock  She   Made  a   Net   Profit  of $107.40  From  One-tenth  of an  Acre  of Tomatoes  Minard's     Liniment     Cures      Diphtheria.  The Biggest Hospital  Accommodation Provided For at Least  ��������� 1,650 Patients  ������������������ In ordinary times the opening of  London's biggest hospital would have  been attended by some flourish of  trumpets, says the London" Chronicle,  but in these days of war the new  King -'George hospital at1 Waterloo,  which has more beds under one roof  than any similar institution in the  United Kingdom, takes up its work  without fuss whatever.  On the' opening day it received its  first batch of wounded from the front,  and by the end of the week 200 men  were under treatment there; but in  its modesty the hospital shuns any  notice, and the Daily Chronicle was  told -that by war office instructions' no information whatever  was available for press or public.  But as appeals are being made  through the press to the public for  gifts for the furnishing of the hospital and the welfare of the inmates,  some little interest may be permitted.  The hospital occupies the building in  Stamford street which was being-  erected for the government stationery office, and its six floors when  fully equipped will accommodate  1,650 patients. At present only the  fourth and fifth floors are in use, but  the completion of the other is being  pushed forward with all speed.  Two operating theatres are to be  provided on each floor: there are to  be recreation rooms and a roof garden, and some idea of the size of the  building can be realized by thc fact,  which has leaked out, that 305 tons of  asbestos sheeting have been .used in  partitions, together with over 46,000  square feet, of glass, and that the  :!,369'electric lamps have utilized 55  miles of wire-  The latest picture of Mcrtie Hardin, of Benton County, Tennessee, shows  her with thc nucleus of a Jersey dairy herd which she has acquired solely as  a reward for her achievements in girls' club work in her stale.  Three years ago sho won the pure-bred Jersey mother cow as a prize for  the best exhibit of canned and fresh vegetables displayed at thc Tennessee  State Fair. /She' raised and canned all the vegetables herself. In addition  she has made a net profit of $107.40 from one-tenth pf an acre of tomatoes.  ��������� On her farm is a, flock of pure-brad Indian Runner ducks, the first of  which she won in an open competition in labeling canned products. Firelesa  cookers, cut-glass bowls, trips to Washington and "to.'-various state conventions and a bank account started with prize'money are also included in the  list of her winnings-' /'.   . ���������'��������� ���������     '���������'���������"���������������������������  .When Miss Hardin���������she is only sixteen years old���������went to Washington  last winter as an all-star club member from her state, she carried along:  some choice canned products grown and canned by herself. She presented  some of these to the late Mrs. Woodrow. Wilson and some to Secretary Houston. The president's letter of acknowledgment .of the present is among Mer-  tie's most cheris'hed possessions.  : Benton County, in which Miss Hardin lives, is one of the most progressive of Tenne'ssee's boys' and girls' club centres. Miss Hardin has set  a pace for the boys and girls as well as for the men ad 'women of that  county. She promises to he one of the real leaders in club and homo economics work which the department of agriculture is "carrying on co-operatively   with   her   state.���������The   Country    Gentleman.  Farming' in Far East  Ready-made Medicine.���������You need  no physician for ordinary ills when  vou have at hand a bottle of Dr.  Thomas' Eclectric Oil. For coughs,  colds, sore throat, bronchial troubles,  it is invaluable, for scalds, burns,  bruises, sprains it is unsurpassed,  while for cuts, sores, ulcers and the  like it is an unquestionable healer. It  needs no testimonial other than the  use, and that will satisfy anyone as to  its effectiveness.  Garden of Eden to Become a Great  Grain Growing Land  .Sir John Jackson, .who is the head  of the firm of civil engineers which  completed the Hindia "barrage acros*3  the Euphrates about eighteen months  ago, recently addressed the Royal  Institute on "Engineering Problems  of  Mesopotamia  and   the   Euphrates  Valley. "-.Mentioning :the: Bagdad  railway, Sir John said one of tlie  first problems to be dealt with would  be the rani oval of thc great sand bar  at the entrance of the Shat-al-Arab  which obstructs the navigation of*  vessels even of moderate size.  .: Refering to the construction by  the Germans of the Ottoman-Bagdad railway to link the Anatolian  railway at Konia with Bagdad and  the Persian gulf, he said:  "Once Ave have peace and the Germans are out of control of Turkey  this railway should be completed  across the Taurus mountains on to  Bagdad and thence to Basra at any  rate, if not furthQr on to Koweit.  With the railway completed and a  direct line of only.some 450 miles in  length from Bagdad through Damascus to Beyrut, huge trade would  be opened for the whole of this  Mesopotamia district and through  Basra to the Persian Gulf and the  East. As regards the proposed irrigation works held up by the war,  there is no doubt that any money-  expended on them would We amply  repaid, as in the case of the great  works of the Nile valley and the  Chenat valley of India, and then the  Mesopotamia district should become  'one of the largest and best granaries of the world.' "  Britain   Has   Built   Many .Ships  The annual accounts of the British  dockyards expenditures for last year  reveal for tha first time to the public  that airship "No. 16" was in thc  cour.**e of construction in 19.1.4.  It had been the impression that  at that time Great Britain had confined its aerial activities almost exclusively to aeroplanes, and the fact,  lhat sixteen ariships had been built  VMS known only to tho initialed.  Tho same accounts give the total  cost of the combatant ships in the  ilri'b'h navy in commission at the  end of the last fiscal year at up-  w.irds of $870,000,000.  Since the period covered by  figures other airships have been  to tho Uritisli aviation ssrvlce.  Back to the Cradle  Cradling wheat will be a new experience to not a few communities  this year, because the . water-soaked  condition of the grain fields has made  the ground too soft to operate ponderous self-binders. Another reason is  tiie lodged condition of-the grain. Yet  within an ordinary lifetime thc American grain growing industry has gone  from "the primitive hand cradle to the  combination of cutting-and thrashing  in a single process. One man swung  tlio cradle; twenty mules draw the  combination reaper. But these elephantine machines, which sprawl  over a quarter of an acre almost at a  sating, can do nothing in such fields as  Southern Kansas now has, after a  season of prolonged rains. Lighter  farm machinery may again some into  vogue, and the machin?ry companies  may well consider whether the limits  of big machinery have not been reached, as the big ranches conic to be  brok'in up into smaller estates. This  year may be a turning point.���������Wall  Street Journal.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS '  Someitui*!** better than linen and bis  laundry bills Wash II will) soap and  water. All storf.s or direct. State styl������  anil size. For 'lbc wc will mail you..  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF CANAD*  LlmlUd  68 Fraser Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  Russian Sister Saved Flag  Conveyed   Sacred   Relic   of   Regiment  to Hands  of the Emperor  From Pctrograd comes this stirring picture of a woman who saved  the flag of a Russian regiment.  "Half a dozen -Sisters of Mercy arrived at Petrograd after a threa  weeks' journey from captivity in Germany. They were taken prisoners  -with all their wounded in a field hospital during the earlier fighting ia  East -Prussia. Among . the wounded  was a soldier of a certain foot regiment who along with the Sisters was  sent back from, the front to tha  ���������neighborhood of Berlin. The Germans made Russian wounded early  convalescents, sending them as prisoners of war to a fortress- ���������"  "One of the convalescents, before  being taken away, contrived to speak  secretly with one of the Sisters, and  confided to her that heThad with him  ���������so well concealed that the Germans  had not found, it���������the standard of  his regiment, which he had torn from'  its staff at a critical moment and  hidden away. Pie conjured the Sister,  if ever she had an opportunity, to  convoy the sacred relic of his regiment into the hands of the emperor,  or, failing that, to destroy it  ��������� "The Sister, with others, when her  own wounded had recovered, offered  to assist in the German hospitals, but  her German colleagues demurred,  and after much correspondent  among various German authorities,  it was decided that these Sisters  might return to Russia. Tlie one who  saved the standard of the regiment  delivered into the emperor's own  hands the famous battle relic."  Persistent Asthma.���������A most distressing characteristic of this debiliat-  ing disease, is the persistence with  which recurring attacks come to sap  away strength and leave the sufferer in a state of almost continual  exhaustion. No wiser precaution can  be taken than that or keeping at hand  a supply of Dr. J. D. Kcllogg's Asthma  Remedy, famous as the most potent  remedy for eradicating the disease  from the tender air passages.  these  added  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  MOTHERS!  Don't   (nil   in   pio-Mitc;  WINSLOWS SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  It rootliefi the Child,  .Softens the Gums  AilayM the l'.iln, D!f*pr*l-i  Wind Coli  Is   the   Best   Remedy   for  Infantile  ������������������ho'.-.i.  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A B0TTL8  ancl  Dim--  The other day Pi. A. Dix wrote to the  New York Times stating that almost  every letter of importance sent to that  paper was sure to be contradicted  within a day or two, and that he  would make a statement which he did  not believe could be contradicted. The  stalsment. reports the' Utica Press,  was about like this:  "Thc city of Boston possesses a sacred codfish."  AVithin two days three people wrote  to the Times to toll R. A. Dix that  tho city of Boston docs not possess a  sacred codfish, but that the commonwealth of Massachusetts has such  property, which can he csen at the  Stale House located in Boston.  Miss Angelina (to Captain Brown,  who has been cruising In Alaskan  waters); I suppose, Captain, that ia  those northern latitudes during a part  of the year thc sun doesn't set till  quite a while after dark."  Medium���������The spirit of your wife ia  here now; do you wish to speak to her  through me?  Widower���������Ask her where the dickens she put my summer underwear.  LOSSES   SURELY PREVENTED  by   Cutter's   Blackleg  Pill*.    "Lotr-  prlccd, freih,  rcllablo: prcferr������d fajr  Western stockmen bocauuo they protect    whero    othor   vaccines   fait  Writo for booklet and testimonials.  10-do to pkoo. lilaokleg Pilli $1.09  50-doso pkoo. Blackleg Plllo   4.09  Uso any injector, but Cuttor'j b������A  Tho superiority of Cutter products Is duo to ������to U  y������ars of sper-lullzlne in vaccines and Mry-ni oaf*-*.  Insist on Cutter's.   If unoliUluablo. order dlrtat  SKli  CUTTEB   LABOBATOKY.   Birkilsy,  CaUfcroto  '-il THE    SUN*    Git AND    FORKS,    E.G.  WONDERFUL UNANIMITY OF TWO GREAT NATIONS  mer-JtsanKer  Forthcoming Celebration in Connection" with the Hundred Years  of Peace will be Somewhat Curtailed Owing to the  .War,  But when War is Over a Large Festival will be Held  firms and their correspondents across  Owing to the war thc program of  the forthcoming celebrations in connection with the- hundred ,years of  6eace between Great Britain and the  nited States has been somewhat  ���������modified. This decision has been  reached after consultation between  the leading men .responsible for the  preparations. , In the midst of a terrible conflict it did not -appear seemly that public rejoicings should be  encouraged. This part of the program, accordingly, has been postponed till a more: convenient season.  When the war is over and peace once  jnore reigns throughout 'Europe the  festivities will be held on a scale that  Till not only voice Canadian sentiment  toward the great republic to the south,  but also give full vent to the feelings  of relief that the most terrible war in  the world's history has heen' brought'  to a close.':  Tho Canadian Peace Centenary association���������which, by the way, is not-!  .and never has been a "Peace Society"  ���������has Just issued a pamphlet . which  sheds an interesting light on tlie temper prevailing between the Canadian  ������nd American peoples. \The ratification of the treaty of Ghent took place  on February^l7,. 1815, and on the  centenary date great numbers of mes;  Eages were exchanged between the  president of the Canadian r'eace Centenary association* Sir Edmund Walker, and the governors of the States;  between cities and towns ..on both  Bides of the line;' between boards of  trade,  and   even  "between  individual  the border. These arc printed in the  pamphlet, and bear "witness to a cordiality of spirit which affords a welcome contrast to the dark animosities  which make other , continents so  dreadful a spectacle today.  These messages display a wonderful  unanimity of conviction, and it may  b8 added that many ot those' from'.the  neighboring republic convey the  heartiest good wishes for the success  of our cause. Another feature of the  pamphlet is the description of theser-  'vices held ou-.'Sunday> February 14, in  an extraordinary number of churches  in both countries.  The public celebrations of this triumph of reasonableness and good-will  should; be one of the earliest events  after the" conclusion of. the present  dreadful struggle.  In .the meantime the most important part of the program is being carried through. The education of public opinion and ��������� the cultivation of a  reasonable attitude of mind in the  concfuct of international relations';are  being emphasized. ��������� ,  The mayor of Cleveland, replying to  a-message from Toronto, says:   ;  "The preservation of peace for 100  years between two great peoples with  an unfortified boundary of -4,000 miles  is the-greatest achievement in the  history of nations. May the next 100  years further strengthen our cordial  good-will, and may our example teach  men everywhere the possibilities of  permanent peace with honor."  Prices Still HigKer  Cost of Living Has Gone up Since tho  War  The annual report of the department of labor on prices of wholesale  and other goods during 1914 states  that "the factor which chiefly affected  Canadian prices during the year 1914  was tht outbreak In August of- the  great European war. .From January  until April the general price level was  Bteady with a slight tendency upward;  thereafter there was a decline of two  points in thc index number, during  June and July, the latter being the  lowest month of the year. The war,  however, at once'caused advances of  about seven points, and though there  was a reaction almost immediately  and although the year ended on approximately the same level as it be:  gan, the effect on the average for the  IU months was a rise.. The depart-  . mental index number) (which includes  272 commodities) stood at 136.1 for  1914, compared with 135.5 for 1913,  and 134.4 for 1912, these numbers being percentages of the average prices  prevailing* during the decade 1890-95,  the period adopted by the departments as the basis of comparison. Tha  point reached in September, namely  141.4, was the highest recorded by the  department since 1890. v  The chief increases for the year as  a whole appeared in the groups,  grains and fodder, which rose 14-per  cent.; animals and meats, 6 per cent;  woollens, 8 per cent.; hides, 10 per  cent; , drugs and chemicals, 7 per  cent. Raw furs declined 33 per cent.,  fuel and lighting 6 per cent, and cottons 5 per cent. Food prices return  ed to the high levels that  in the latter part of 1911 and early  1912. Meats were on a high level  throughout the year, but showed  much weakness, in the last three  months-  An appendix to the report gives the  average retail prices of some 32 articles of food and~"~of coal,j wood and  coal oil, and the rent of a representative workingman's dwelling in each of  the localities of the Dominion having  a population of 10,000 and over for  each year back to 1910. A statement  showing the average weekly expenditure of a typical family of five on  these staple commodities gives thc  cost of a budget of food at $7.73, as  comnared witii .$7.33 in 1913 and 1912,  and  ?7.11 in 1911, ancl $0.95  in 1910.  Canadian Bravery  The    Clean     Record   Men   of Canada  M.ide   in   France  Colonel Carrie, M.P., who has returned to Ottawa temporarily from  " the front, adds his tribute to the Canadian troops in France, whose bravery  hi's rung throughout the length and  breadth of the British empire. It is  a tribute from one soldier to other  Eoldiers and none can be of greater  value. Our men, says Colonel Currie,  "fought like veterans. They were  eight to one against us, but our men  held out. Today no troops on the  whole batflefront have a better reputation for courage, fighting ability and  reliability than have the Canadians.  The German prisoners wtih whom I  have talked tell the same story and  the German newspapers echo it"  Canada's sons have covered them-1  selves with glory. They have done all-,  that men can do- And when -one remembers in how brief a time they had  to train themselves for the tremendous task laid upon them, the marvel is  a'l the greater.  "It was a clean record all through,"  said Colonel Currie, "lhat the men of  Canada made in Frauce." And a noble  and heroic one, too.���������Vancouver  World.  Seasonable Hints  Advice   Given   on   Agricultural   Problems by Experimental Stations  .Under the auspices of the Dominion  Experimental farms a quarterly publication is  being issued  entitled "Seasonable Hints,"  to which the principal  authorities  at  the  Central  Farm  contribute.    On  the  co.ver  a map  in  outline is given with  the location of  the   farms,   stations   and ���������substations  indicated by signs.    Beneath the map  in an invitation to all and sundry having  agricultural  problems   they  wisn  solved to    send    them to any of the  principals   at   the   farms ��������� or   superintendents of the stations, the post office addresses of whom are ������iven. Di-:  rector Grisdale,  of the  Experimental  Farms, says that the first number was  so  flatteringly  received that- he  and  his staff   are encouraged to hope for  even a better reception for this number.    Mr: E.  S-  Archibald,  Dominion  Husbandman,    deals with live stock;  Mr. F.  C. Elford,    Dominion Poultry  Husbandman,   advises      on    the care  and disposition of poultry;  Mr. W. L.  Graham,   Field  Husbandry    Division,  ���������gives   timely    suggestions   regarding  the care and harvesting of field crops;  Dr. M. O. Malte, Dominion Agrostolo-  gist. talks on forage plants; Mr. H. P.  Gussow,  Dominion   Botanist,    throws  light   on the best treatment of potatoes, alfalfa, wheat barlpy, fruit trees,  to  preserve their health;   Mr.  W.  T.  ifacoun speaks of orchard cultivation,  of  cover  crops,  of  spraying  and   of  care of the potato plant; Mr. F W. L.  Sladen, Apiarist, gives practical coun-  (���������sel on bee culture: and preparation for  winter; Mr. F. Charlan, Dominion To-  prevailed ] hacco  Specialist,  deals  with matters  whereof   he   knows   relative   to   the  growth   and  development  of  the  tobacco plant, and Dr. Frank T. Shutt,  Dominion Chemist,-   briefly furnishes  sage advice regarding the farm water  supply.    Mr. J. F. Watson,  Chief Officer of the Extension and  Publicity  Division, emphasizes the invitation to  the 720,000 occupiers of farm lands in  the Dominion to address problems for  solution to principals and superintendents.   A copy of "Seasonable Hints,"  it should be added can be had free on  addressing   the   Publication'  Branch,  Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  Future   Industrial  Prosperity  Depends  on Co-operation, Says American  Pape.-  A farmer-banker conference has no  ordinary significance at this time- It  is an opportunity to bring a lagging  public opinion up to date. Free ancl  easy America, willingly or unwillingly; must pull itself together for future  industrial prosperity in much the  same way that Europe in waging the  war. The enormous advantages of  national co-operation will accrue to a*  country at peace as well as a country  at war, is it to be supposed for a  second that Great Britain will .let  Lloyd George go at the end: of the  war in the face of the trade machine  that the Gerinan government has perfected?  Co-operation that Americans have  so voluminously talked about and ro  generally neglected has now become a  necessity. Business men, legislators,  producers, and consumers must organize if the United States .is; to ..take, a  position in proportion to its size,  riches, ability and resources. In an  age of world co-operation an exaggerated individualism must not confuse  democratic progress. When America  was sparsely settled with hunters,  herders, and farmers 'individualism  was a practical and natural love. Now  ���������millions', of mouths are to be fed and  hands-kept busy through industrial activity in domestic and foreign trad������.  If the German government organizes!  one of those efficient combinations  known as the cartel, to sell pencils in  Peru, then the merchants of this country must do the same- .-���������':.- ---p J  : But it does not mean that the American government is suddenly. to become paternalistic or develop, into a  state socialism. If the intelligent...in-j  dividual accepts the new co-operative  world and the banker will work, with j  the farmer not for immediate but ultimate .gains, public opinion will never  impose upon him. Co-operation in  place of individualism does not run  counter to any democratic principles  or theories, but merely puts them ou  trial again. Can an individualistic  democracy adapt itself 'intelligently to  the methods that will bring the greatest prosperity to the country?  The farmer-banker method of working out-the problem is in. harmony  with the best traditions of democratic  Americanism.���������Chicago Tribune.  ON DIFFERENT FOOTING THAN  OTHER NATIONS  The Influence Which Drew Russia and France into  the  Conflict  Were Irresistible, but Britain Was not Immediately Involved  ���������Fighting to give Every Nation a Right t6 Exist  Shortage of Labor  A  Famine of Unskilled Labor is Pr2-  dicted  According to C.P.R. advices there  is likely to be a shortage of. farm labor in the west in the fall. There  are alrealy over 100,000 of our Canadian young men under arms, and  the war may demand more. Immigration is, of course, at a standstill.  It will be impossible to get men from  the oast, where- men are scarce, and  men who, after the hardest, would be  a burden on the people.  The question is, where will the men  come from? The press is advising the  farmers to hire men now and to hire  them for a year in advance. There  is indeed, talk of a fam.ne of unskilled labor in the fall. Many thousands of men, not merely from Canada, but the States, have left for  Europe, since the war started. Where  will the men come from, and particularly in view of the added acreage,  which will mean more labor, as there  is fully 30 per cent, of increase under  cultivation? The States expects the  largest crop in its history; and experts in the west insist that our crop,  if the favorable conditions are maintained, will be the largest that we  have produced. It is now the question of labor that is agitating the  minds of the farmers. Several towns  and municipalities have suspended  their programme of public work in  order that all the laborers possible  should be on the land for the harvest  Beginning to Wake Up  is in  Germany Now Realizes That She  Wrong  With  the  World  A neutral observer in the London  Times writes: A few Germans are  beginning to wot:dor what is the matter with Germany, or rather witli her  leaders, why everyone is l'aliing on  her and endeavoring to stab her to  the heart, why she has no friends, and  why she cannot keep the peace with  those hitherto neutral.  Germany today has so many hatreds to cater for, s������. many enemies to  damn, that she is ro longer equal to  the task, and there are many signs  that would tend to indicate a more  rober spirit is taking.thc place of the  "Gott strafe" fever) Genua- public  opinion is at the present moment the  most .inarticulate in Europe, the people havB never been permitted to  think politically, and international  polities are for the groat majority a  closed book. But each day reveals  more outspoken criticisms of Germany's foreign policy, and tie man in  tlie street is faintly beginning to realize that there must be a wide gulf between German "right" and that of  other people's.  During the month of April,  throughout central and eastern Ontario and western Quebec, no fewer  than 61 buildings were destroyed or  damaged  by lightning.  Farmers and Manufacturers  Effort to Bring Aboui More Friendly  Relations  One of the most important events  of the past year was the sympathetic  understanding which was reached between farmers-and manufacturers. In  discussing this, Canadian Fartn, a  weekly agricultural journal published  in Toronto, says:  "The farmer is not inherently antagonistic to thc manufacturing interests- While the basic industry in Canada is agriculture, the one is largely  thc complement of the other. The  farmer is depend .-nt upon the manufacturer for a large share of the equip-  meat necessary to successfully carry  on his farming operations. On the  other hand, the business of the manufacturer could make little progress  without a prosperous farming community aud increased production from  the land.  "The relations between the farmer  and the manufacturer, instead of being antagonistic, should be of the mo.jt  friendly character. To bring about  more friendly relations and greater  co-operative 4effort there must be  give and take on both sides."���������Industrial Canada.  It is a fact as uncicniahje' as it is  remarkable, that although but remotely connected with the imme liate conditions which precipitated the war,  Great Britain occupies today the position of greatest prominence in the  st.-uggle- The territory in which the  campaign is raging is not British territory and the number of men that  Great Britain actually has engaged is  much smaller than that of either Russia or France, yet, somehow the conviction lias forced itself Lome upon  the public mind t'at Great Britain  really has more at stake in this great  conflict than either of her allies, and  that the heaviest share of the tremendous responsibilities of the war rests  upon the British psopie. This thought  as expressed by one writer will meet  with acquiescence from all sides "in  the final analysis the task of defeating  Germany is not Russia's task, nor  France's ������������������' tsk, nor Italy's task, but  the task of the British people."  . In'casting about for possible reasons why the original order of prominence of the respective allied nations  in. this struggle, should have b.een thus  reversed, there arc several considerations ..which present themselves!  There is no doubt that German self-  complacency   received   a   heavy jolt,  when   Great   Britain    refused    point  blank, to countenance for a moment  the proposed violation of Belgian neutrality upon the part of Germany. The  Kaiser   and   his   associates   suddenly  discovered that the two nations were  as wide apart .a's'the poles,  in their  conception  of the  sacredness  of national obligations.    That treaty which  the   Prussians   had     schooled   themselves to consider but a scrap of paper  to 'be  repudiated  at will  they  found  in the estimation of Great Britain to  constitute a solemn obligation whose  inviolability must be preserved as inseparably bound up with the uatior-.il  honor.     That   Great   Britain    'should  .'en go the length of declaring war in  defense  of the  principle  involved  in  signing a treaty to -protect and to preserve   Belgian   neutrality,   upset   the  nice calculations which the Germans  had made, based on an elaborate espionage system, as to the probabilities  of Great Britain arraying herself with  the allies' against Germany.   This was  sufficient "���������"to arouse  Prussian ��������� choler  against    Great Britain, but does not  provide   a   sufficient   explanation   of  the maimer in which the British people have been singled out for special  hatred or why, having become one of  Germany's   enemies,   Great     Britain  should step up to the most prominent  position as Germany's chief opponent.  The     effective part played by  the  British   army   and   the   British   navy  during the first six weeks of the war,  was  undoubtedly very galling to the  German pride/ The manner in which  the British fleet, opportunely moboliz-  ed for review purposes, moved quietly  across the North Sea and took up its  position at the two point;  of egress  for the German fleet, thus locking up  that  fleet  upon  which  the   Germans  had stayed such fond hopes and the  manner in which the British navy in  practically unbroken  silence, through  .twelve-months, has  held that entire  Germany navy . r* helpless uz a bunch  of toy ships on a mill pend must certainly have constituted a most bitter  potion for the Kaisc: to swallow���������and  he appears to have been a rather poor  hand to take his medicine, even from  childhood.    Similarly,  the expeditionary  force  which Great    Britain  was  able to throw over into the north ot  France at the beginning of the war,  was of but small proportions, but it  performed prodigies  of valor,  it lent  confidence  to  the  situation  from the  French and Russian  viewpoint, it immensely helped to stiffen the resistance  with which the usnnan advance was  confronted and it played a most prominent part in keapinc thc Germans on  the   run   in   that   historic   retreat   of  General von Kluck from the very environs of the French capital. Throughout the ontire campaign on tlie wes -  ern  front, the  ever    growing  British  force, gathered from all parts of tlie  empire has constituted the k *y to the  position of the ali.es.   The Kaiser has  recognized the fact that a decisive defeat   of   tho   British   would   turn   iho  scales  in his   favor, he has  launched  the very flower of the whole Prussian  army against the,British, lines to compass that end���������but in vair.. Like a  very Nemesis on his track, British  courage, British perseverance and  Eritish lighting spirit will pursue tho  quarry to the end, the British forces  will be in at the t'eath and British  standards of honor will impress upon  th'j Prussian autocracy, in terms'thai  cannot be mistaken, that when Germany signs her name tc a scrap of  paper, she pledges the national honor,  from which once pledged, there is no  turning, aside, .whatever.the cost. Tho  effectiveness of the assistance which  Great Britain has been able to affor'i  rallies, has done much, to make tho  Germans particularly vindictive in  their attitude, toward the British.  The principles, in defence of which  Great Britain entered the war place  her upon a different footing from any  other nation involved. The influence  which drew Russia and France into  the conflict were irresistible from the  standpoint of national interests, bui  Great Britain was not immediately involved in those matters. Had Germany observed Belgian neutrality in  accordance with her pledged word, the  attitude of Great Britain would have  been materially changed. In entering  the war to redeem her pledged word  to protect Belgian neutrality, Great  Britain stands for a principle which V.-  self is invincible and a principle which  underlies the right of every nation to  exist. The Gernian rulers could not  have been conscious of the perfidy of  their acts ^ancb of, the fact that tho  unqualified, condemnation of all free  peoples rested upon those acts as did  universal commendation attend tho  splendid conduct of Great Britain. To  be thus humiliated before the world  in the light of the marked contrast  between British ��������� and German standards of honor, added fuel to the flames  of German hatred of Great Britain.  But  behind  all these  incidental or  secondary considerations, does    there  not Vie  one  fum'.amental  fact,, namely, that* to get at Great Britain under  favora.ble conditions, was the real, the  ultimate object of the whole German  policy of aggression.   No one supposes  for a moment that the conquest of Bel-,  gium and-France and the humiliation  of Russia would have compassed ^the"  whole plan that Germany had in mind  in precipitating this war. These were  necessary  steps  it  is  true,  but  they  were but the  intermediary stages in  arriving at the real purpose which lay.  beyond.    Tlie discomfiture of Franca  and Russia would have been followed  by an interlude of peace of sufficient  length to allow Germany to consolidate  her gains, to foster her strength and  to   complete   her     preparations,     for  launching the great purpose of all her  Herculean endeavors, namely, the pitting of German strength against that  of the  British empire in a merciless  murderous struggle for supremacy for  all time.    It"is because, the participation of Great Britain in the present  war forces the hand of Germany that  the pent up flood of German hate is let  loose upon the British    people.    Tho  game has got out of hand; the carefully laid  plans  of Prussian militarism  have been thrown out of alignment;  the    Hell-conceived scheme of world  domination by a Prussia.! Hegemony  has  proved  abortive;   Great Britain's  fealty   to  her  pledged  word, her un-  hestitatingly commitment of herself to  the  demands  of  national honor,  has  proven itself the invincible champion  of national security, and of the liberties of the world.  This it is which accounts for the  prominent position which Great Britain occupies in this great struggle.  The programme which Germany planned to carry out in two parts,s has  been precipitated in one great struggle  which Germany cannot hope to cope  with successfully. Consequently, because of the participation of Great  Britain. Germany finds herself face to  face with failure after generations of  elaborate preparation and the whole  brunt of her frothing hatred is hurled  upon the one nation above all other  nations, which she had planned to  humble, but which r-);a is now forever  debarred from even assailing separately, namely. Gr.?at Britain-  Ambrose, the porter, entered the office of the city editor, who enjoyed a  chat with the bright, if uneducated,  negro.  "Ambrose, do you favor political  economy?"  "No, sah; Ah certainly do not. It's  only a scheme of de bosses to defeat  woman's suffrage so dey won't have to  buy so many voles."���������Life-  com-  "Our   Willie   got   meritorious  mendation at school last week."  "Well, well! Ain't it awful thc  number of strange diseases that's  ketched by school children!"  Increased Cost of Living1   ! Live  Cost of Food in Germany 69 Per Cent.  ** Over Last Year  Statistics compiled by tlie Board  of Trade Labor Gazette show that  food in general is about 85 per cent,  dearer than a year ago in tlie largj  towns of England and 30 per cent,  higher in the small towns and villages. The Gazette quotes official German figures for May to show lhat the  general lev.-! of food prices in Merlin  during that month were 6!) per cent,  above that of May, 1914.  No general average is given for  Vienna, but, taking individual items,  beef was 105 per ccjnt. more in Apri:  than in April, 11H; bacon, 16'2 per  cent, dearer; eggs, ��������� J57 per cent;  bread, 83 per cent., and lard, 1G1 per  cent.  Stock arid  Grain Production  Head  Toucher���������Kathcrtne,  know about  tha orchid  Katie���������Please,   mum,  forbidden us to indulge  gossip--Boston Transcript.  what   do  you  family?  mother   has  in any family  of Liv** Stock Commission Firm  Tells of Big Future of  Industry  Charles Robinson, member of tho  (inn of Clay Robinson and Co., of  Chicago, the" largest, live stock com-  i'.isiion linn in thc world, when in  Itcgina recently, expressed the opinion that there was a big future for  the live stock indutsry in those western provinces. Shortage- of feed, the  prevalence of the foot and mouth disease down south, and the present war  conditions. -Mr. Robinson states, are  the ca.ti.-si-s of the present high prices,  and he is of the opinion that theso  prices will continue for some  to come- In the United States,  Mr. Robinson, it was the man  united live stock with his grain  l*:'odU'.t.!on who was the most happily  situated   financially.  Iiigli  time  said  wlto  Extract from a sentimental letter:  "Last night 1 sat. in a gondola on Venice's Grand Canal, drinking it all In,  and life never seemed so full before." '^'-i^^'rtS^il&iS&iV&jrJl&iX&ttAV^JI&FXSB  Z3SZS&XSZ |-miiu*swuu  j.iiaiiiii  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  EWS OF THE CITY  The threshing machine of Dennis  Teone, of Danville, -was nearly destroyed by fire on Sunday morning.  All the woodwork was burned.  Wheat, sacks and a wagon loaded  with bundles of wheat were also  .destroyed. The loss is $G00. It is  said that the fire was caused by  some matches having been placed in  a bundle of wheat.  will be held on Tuesday, 'September  28, at 8 o'clock p.m., at tlie olllce of  the company in this city.  ��������� A  .well   trained  conscience  will  stretch as long as the fun last.  Men, have you seen the nifty line  of gloves MacDougall <fc MacDonald  are showing'? Short gloves, all colors  and grades, 6������c up to 81.50. Also  gauntlet gloves, all kinds, 75c up to  ������2.00. See the new line for smelter  at Si.50 and $1.75 a pair.  Men, we can save  you $5 or $10 ii  you buy your Suit  or Overcoat from  us. We have the  goods.  Get Real Clothes  Value in Your  Next Suit  Men' Suits $12.00,  13.50," 18.50, 21.50  Overcoaast $14.50  up to $40..  MacDougaii &  MacDonald  A. L. Bass, superintendent of the  Lone Star mine at Danville, has accepted the position of assistant  superintendent of tbe Mother Lode  mine at Greenwood.  A concert under the auspices of  the Presbyterian choir will be given  in the fire hall, Columbia, Monday  evening, September 27, at 8 o'clock.  Admission 25c.  It's.easier for one to enjoy doing  a thing if grim necessity, isn't demanding it.  Men, have vou seen the neat line  of flannel working shirts? 'iroy, Hue,  brown, mixed tweeds; all sizes Prices  $1.00. L25, 1.50, 1.75 each. MacDougall it MacDonald.  The date of Thanksgiving day  this year has been fixed for Monday,  October, by the cabinet council at  Ottawa.  Mr. and Mrs. O. A. S: Atwood  and son Eric left on Tuesday fur a  motor trip to Keremeos.  When a woman considers her husband a necessary evil .marriage is a  failure. (^f.   ���������  It's all right to hope for the best,,  but hoping is no sort of adequate  exercise.  A man can easily grow old enough  to   become   his  twin siste-'s grand  fathf-r  Men, come with the crowd .to tlie  new store for bargains in tanm bucks  and Oxford shoes. Regular .$1.5!) awl'  So 00 going for 82 00 a p-i.ii-. Come  early and have the first i-lioico. Mac.  Doug-ill it MacDonald.  Very few realize how important are the details about a Suit that really seem insignificant. The work hidden between the cloth and the linings, the stretching, shap-'  ing and padding, all of it done by hand, is what separates a well made coat front a  badly made one. Broadway Brand, Crown Brand. Peck's Brand clothes lit and keep  their shape because there is skill and time used on them, and still they cost no more  than careless kinds. ' You'll be reiilly surprised at the  good looking . Broadway, Crown, -Peck's Brands Suits  here. '  METEOROLOGICAL  It's easy for a woman to discover  that a boy has brains���������if she is his  mother.  If the world paid more attention  to restitution there would be Jess  destitution. ~  The  following  is  tlie   minimum  and maximum tern pern t lire for each  day   during   the   past    week, as re  corded by the government theniimn  eter on E. F. Laws' ranch:  The easiest way to settle  an   argu-  women interested  ment is to get two  in it.  For Sale���������All my household furniture; also incubator and brooder.  At a sacrifice. Apply H. N. Morrison, west of greenhouses.  The annual general meeting of the  shareholders of the Bertha Codsolida-  ted. Gold Mining   Company, -Limited,  Min.  Max  Sept.17���������Friday   . 40  77  18���������Saturday   ..  4V>  ���������     ��������� 80  IS���������Sunday,....  . 52  71  .  3-1  73  21���������Tuesday   .. 37  74  22���������Wednesday  . 42  73  23 ��������� Thursday...  . 44  ���������  159  Inches  Riinfu.ll            .. 0 31  ���������  You may choose from the newest and smartest stylos-,  that skilled hands can create.   The  artistic  designers  of  Broadway, Peck's, Crown brands clothes have given them  a distinctiveness and refinement that would be a credit to  any Bridge street custom tailor.    You'll note the  distinc  tive on first glance at these clothes.   Modest  and conser  vative models in somber grey and dark colors.  11.75 to $13.50  tetter Ones at  pay  E.W. Barrett  (Auctioneer  Sells Anything, Any-,  where,   Any    Time;  Stocks a.Specialty*  .....     (.-  GRAND   FORKS, R C.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at'.my . old-  stand on Bridge.-street, and'.will manufacture  Mp-w Hfli-npcc and do al1 'kinds-'of ���������  New nam eSS harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Frechette  ���������W    fa    %>  ���������fLojJrK������  H.  L'������=j������l  ���������     9SLaS      r.  ROBIN HOOD  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  Oats  IS  ((  (I  It  (i  Porrioge Oats  Ferina  Graham  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale b_y*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  English and extreme young men's models in  nnv ant  every pleasing pattern.    Soft   finish cashmeres   uv staple  serges, just as you like.  Soft roll fronts are the prominent features iii alir,<������-t  ���������all models.^ The Broadway, Peck's Crown makes ,-ue  original in the method of keeping the'soft roll free fn'-m  wriukles ancl flabby appearance. It is' called the stay-out  roll and can't .be seen in any other make of clothes.  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  Increased business at the Ariyox | puny has given an pxlra wnv bonus of  plant of the Gianby Consolidated Min-j from 2(J to *)() cents ->'������������������������������������ Hay lo its  ing, Smelting & Power company has  necessitated the installation of a new  furnace which increases the smelting  capacity to 3000 tons of ore every 24  hours, or refined product of about 60  tons of copper per day. Besides the  company's own ore, a considerable  quanity of customs ore from mines in  southeastern Alaska is being smelted  at the plant. Since last May the com  employees. Tbe employees in turn  have pledged one day's pay e*u:h  month toward the war relief fund, in  addition to large ooiitrinutions to the  machine gun fund The employees  of this company are particularly well  pleased with tlie treatment accorded  them by the management and by the  provisions marie for their accommodation.  - After a girls ha-* stepped on a man's  corn he discovers that-he is'no   fairv.  When    a  disappointed  the bans.  belle   in-irries a beau the  do   not   dare   to  forbid  Accept no substuntes, bin   -.-et. the  original���������Tlie Grand   Forks .Sun. It  gathers and piint.s   ihe   news . of the.  city and district first.  The Snii enst;* mi! v 8 I a year,  prints all tbe -news.'..  It  oney  If you have a few hundred  or a few thousand dollars  that is idle, you can put it to  work earning you good interest by placing a Money to  Loan Ad. in our Classified  Want Columns.  People with gilt-edge collateral often require ready  cash and will pay good interest for it. "Put your money  to work.  IYFEI  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:       ,  A CAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at  a close   price  for  cash  or approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0. BOX 610 1  ���������>^m^im^i^i' tiiW.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  QiOfl i'ER ACHE���������The old (iruhiim much of  iJ)iiU 312 iicrus, ������t Cfisciul''. ohm be purchased at $20 per aero, if tnlcen ut once. W.  IC. l-'uliiijr  owmr, Rosslaiid, B. ('.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDERS WANTbT) ns npents for our hiu'li  urude bicycles. Write for low* prices to  THOS. PUMI-EY'S CYCLE WORKS, ViC-  TOKIA.B.C. ������  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your  ropalrs  to   Armson, fboo   repairer.    Tlie   Hub,    Look  for  the   Biu  Bool.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICKS paid for old Stoves  and    Ranges.    E. C.  Pecklmm,   Secondhand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD   five room   liouse; two   blocks   from  post office.   Apply tills office.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicycles.store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboer ������  st and   Main   Sts.,  Grand  Forks,  B. C.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  W SUN PRINT SHOP  4  ��������� %  M  in  i  m  I  'm  i'f  m  i'li  ���������������!  I  n  if.l  if.  M  ?-a  -���������i'._  4  ��������� *i

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