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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 22, 1916

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 \&ur&a(?-  .y o  lit  i      !   *  1     ���������- *���������  Kettle Valley  Orchardist  .Zu.  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No, d c| f " GRAND FORKS,  B. C.5-FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  Requests for Grants,  Petitions, Communications and  Committee Reports  Mayor Acres and Aid. Donald  son, McArdle, McCallum, Schnitter  and Sheads were present at the adjourned meetiug of the city council  on Monday evening.    .  W. M. DeCew, as a member of a  delegation from the board of trade,  ask������d the council to assist the board  to entertain the delegates to the Associated Boards of Trade, when that  body meets here during fair days  next week. A communication was  also read from the secretary )i the  local board- of trade asking for a  grant of $50 for the above-mentioned purpose. On motion, the  council committee appointed to confer with the board of trade committee regarding perfecting arrange  merits for the entertainment, was  -authorized to" promise a grant not  exceeding $50 and not over one half  the amount expended by the   board  , of trade for. this purpose.  Wm. Dinsmore asked the council  ���������to endorse a resolution, adopted   by  . the residents of the West ward  memorializing the federal government t) re establish the Columbia  .post office, and praying that our  member, Hon. Robert Borden and  the postmaster general use their best  endeavors to accomplish this end.  Some discussion ensued as to  whether the office should be called  Upper Grand Forks or West Grand  Forks, but the latter uame was  finally adopted. Ou motion of Aid.  Donaldson and McCallum, the reso  lution was endorsed without a dissenting voice, and. the council suggested to the department that the  name of Columbia be changed to  West Grand Forks.  J.i. J. Gardner, president of the  Grand Forks Agricultural association,, asked, for an additional grant  lo- tlie fall fair besides the 8200  provided for in the estimates; He  sia:ed that this request had been  made neceasary owing to the fact that  all the tables and stands belonging  to the association, which bad been  stored under the grandstand at the  fair grounds, had disappeared, and  the association would have to replace them. Tbe council could not  see its way clear to grant the request.  E. Vant, of Vant Bros., asked  why his firm had been stopped from  erecting a shed near the Kettle Valley station, after being granted permission' to do so had been granted  at the last council meeting. In answer, the mayor read a petition,  signed by a number of property  owners in the vicinity of the pro  posed building, objecting to the  erection of the same. After considerable discission on the subject, the  matter was held in.abeyance for the  present.  A letter from the Union of H. C.  Municipalities aoKtiowledged receipt  of men.b'jrship fee and extended an  invitation to the council to send  delegates to the next convention.  Tho   clerk   was   instructed   to   ac  knowledge   receipt   of     the   letter,  which was ordered filed.  Secretary [lull, of the school  board, invited the members of the  council to attend a lecture on technical education, to be given in the  Davis hall on Wednesday evening,  September 20, by John Kyle, hon.  A R..C.A., London, of the provin  cial department of education, organizer of technical education.  A. communication from the Niagara Falis city council, enclosing a  resolution adopted by. that body,  memorializing the federal government to treat officers and privates  as eqnals in the matter of pensions  after the war, was read. The Niagara  Falls council asked the local council  to adopt a similar resolution ai d fo  forward the same, to Ottawa. The  mayor appointed Aid. McCallum,  Sheads and Schnitter to look into  the matter and to report at the next  meeting.  A proposal from the Chapman  Motor & Machine Shop, Vancouver,  to furnish the city with "a motor  driven hose wagon for $1490, was  laid on the table.  The chairman of the finance committee reported that $4100 had  been deposited in the sinking fund,  and that a $3500 note had been  paid off.  The matter of investing a portion  of the sinking fund in the new war  loan was laid on the table.  The chairman of the board of  works reported that slow progress  .was being made on sidewalk construction on account of lack of material.  Tbe chairman of   the   water   and  liiiht  committee reported   that  the  committee had left the matter of the  location   of   the   fire  alarm   at the  Central school to   the  firemen   and  the school trusteed.   Accepted.    He  recommended   that  the application  for city    water  from   E.   J.   Jones,  who aggreed to pay all costs  of   in  stallation,    be   accepted.  ^Granted.  A recommendation that   the wishes  of the electrical   inspector   be   com  plied with, was concurred in by   the  council. ���������  The chairman of the health and  relief committee eeported that the  unsightly building iu tbe rear of  the old post office had been removed.  The chairman of the cemetery  committee reported that the shade  trees in the cemetery were dry, and  the chairman of the board of works  promised to give them a drink as  soon as possible.  The pool room bylaw was considered in committee and then read  for the third timp.  MI  John  Ky!e   Delivers  a   Fine  Lecture on  An Interesting Subject  ME1EOROLOGICAL  Sept.  Mux.  77  The   following  is   the   minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day   during   the   past   week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.  15���������Friday......... 36  16���������Saturday   .... 39  1.7���������Sund'iy  40  18���������Monday  41  ���������  19���������Tuesday  42  20���������Wednesday .. 41  21-Thursday  40  Inches'  Rainfall   0.00 j  The lecture in the Davis hall on  Wednesday night on the subject of  industrial education by John Kyle,  hon. A.R.C.A., London, of the provincial .department of education,  organizer of technical education,was  well attended by interested parents.  Mayor Acres occupied the chair,  and in introducing the speaker he  took occasion to speak of the value  of practical work* in order lo emphasize book work.  Mr. Kyle said that manual train  ing in the schools is valuable from  the appealing nature of the work.  It provides the interest which is  necessary before any effective teaching can be done. It is from interest that energy springs, and energy  is always closely connected with  great success.  It is through this manual activity  that right habits are inculcated in  the rising generation. Habits' of  application,concentration grow from  the workshop. . Mastery over the  material and over technique is of  fundamental importance. "To master any trade or profession stiffens  the backbone of an individual,"says  a great master. "And a nation, of  artist craftmen, workers in the true  sense, not only doing their .work, but  loving it, is a proud nation, a nappy  natiou, and a prosperous nation."  Training by manual occupations  suits 'British Columbia', because it is  an industrial province. Our great  potential wealth of natural resources  can only be made valuable by skil-  ful,-iutelligeut labor.  Our people must'be trained to see  the value of the soil, the forests and  the mines. At present we export  onr lumber and buy furniture made  elsewhere. We export our gold,  silver, copper and iron and pur  chase jewelry, copper, iron aud steel  ^oods made by workmen outside of  our province. This must not go on  forever, and the time seems ripe for  introducing manual training iu our  elementary and high schools. Moreover, work is an excellent means of  training the miud. Prominent educators assert that the hand is the  natural avenue through which  knowledge may be presented to the  mind.  The education department pays a  handsome grant of 75 per cent to  assist in purchasing equipment,  while the grant towards the salary  of au instructor is also liberal. It  is to be hoped that ere long arrangements will be made whereby the  cities   of  Grand  Forks, Greenwood  yj : and Phoenix may   combine   to   un  SO  deruke this valuable side of   educa  79   tion,  811  :   pany,according to Oscar Laehmund,  general manager, who personally ifl  in charge of operations. 'The new  main tunnel, now in 1000 feet, has  crosscut one end of the ore body,  and a drift is now being run on it,"  says Mr. Laehmund. "The tunnel  is being continued to reach other  shoots, and is being advanced at the  rate of about twenty feet daily,' except where we have to timber  through soft ground. The bore iB  9x10 feet in the clear, and will open  the property to what is known as the  glory hole level. We now are installing a pumping plant to raise  water from the Similkameen river  to furnish power for the mine equipment and a 50-ton experimental  mill. The pipe line is - 6000 feet  long, and delivers the water at a  disruental mill, is for the purpose  of working out a treatment system  for our ores, preparatory to the  construction of a 2000 ton concentrator, to be'erected at a site oo the  Similkameen river."  reonim  A peculiar accident, by the means  of which W. K. C. Manly's faithful  delivery horse departed this life, occurred a few miles down the river  last Sunday. In the morning Glen  Manly took the horse and started  out on hunting trip. When he arrived f.t the Manly meadows he tied  the animal to a tree near the river  and left for the hills. On returning  to the spot after bis day's shooting  he found that the horse had broken  the halter and was lying in the  river, dead. Later investigation  showed that he had been shot in the  head, between the eyes. It is supposed that some hunters had mistaken him for a deer. Had the  horse been a man, the result would  probably have been the same. Some  men who carry guns should be given  toy balloons for playthings.  FAIR NEXT WEEK  Many  Exhibits,  Good Races  and   Sports,   Baseball  Tournament  The seventh annual Grand Forks  fall fair will be held next Tuesday  and Wednesday, September 26 and  27-. The indications now are that  the exhibits will be numerous and  of a superior quality, and the exhi  bition, which will be held in the  skating rink as usual, gives promise  of surpassing the efforts of former  years. The usual race meet and  athletic sports will be held at" the.  race track grounds, and a baseball  tournament is scheduled for both  days of the fair.  CORRECTED FETURNS  A bulletin received in the city  today stated that Corp. Robert J.  Dinsmore bad made the supreme  sacrifice while fighting in defence  of the empire. Deceased was a  pioneer of this city. He is survived  by an aged father aud a brother in  this city. In their sad bereavement  they have the sympathy of the entire community.  A dispatch was received in tbe  city today saying that Pte. Albeit  Potentier had been wounded in the  left thigh while fighting the Huns  somewhere iu France.  SO  81 ,  Extent of Deposits Verified  Permanent development, follow-  In Greenwood riding the vote last i"g extensive diamond drill; explora-  Thursday was: MacLean, Liberal,! iions, is verifying the predictions  437; Jackson. Conservative, 186; of the engineers regarding the ex-  for woman's suffrage, 410; against, tent and value of tbe daposits in  183; for prohibition, 3-17; against, the Copper mountain holdings of  252. the British Columbia   Copper com-  FOR MEMBKR.  Thompson. Miller-  Grand Forks   204 209  Phoenix    264 38  Cascade     24 24  Carson     10 5  Fife     24 11  Bannock     12 2  Paulson       4 4  Gloucester       5 6  Totals":   547' 299  Majority .'  248    PROHIBITION.  Yes. ���������    No.  Grank Forks....   279 . 116  Phoenix.   210    <���������      79  Cascade     27 21  Fife............      lo 15  Carson      10 5  Bannock       8.6  Gloucester       7 4  Paulson......        2 6  'Totols   558 252  Majority *  306           woman's suffrage.  Grand Forks   289 9-1  Phoenix   201 84  Cascade     31 17  Fife     17 ,   13  Carson...!.....          8 6  Bannock*.      10 4  Gloucester       9 2  Paulson       6 2  Totals   571 226  Majority    345    The name of Ernest Hadden was  unintentionally omitted last week  from tho lidt of winners of honor  rolls. He won the honor roll for  attendance.  The motor truck has been taken  oil the ore hauling service from the  Union mine to Lynch creek, and a  team was sent up to Franklin this  week to perform this work.  Dan OTlay left for Gloucester  camp on Wednesday. He will haul  ore from the xVapte Leaf mine to  Lynch creek.  Collect and store seeds of tin;  different vegetables as Ihey ripen.  Exposure to sun and rain after maturity decreases the  power of the seed.  germinating  Great Steel Monsters  London, Sept. 16.���������TIk reference  in the official communication issued  by the war office yesterday afternoon to a hew type of armored car,  is the first official mention of a development that has been much  whispered about recently in army  circles. Those who have seen tbe  new vehicle refer to them as  ���������Tnks," wh ile the soldiers who have  been haudl ing them have given  them the nickname of "Wfllies."  Although no details of the cars'  construction have been published,  the T.mes says:  "Our inventors have not hesitated  to tread boldly upon unbeaten  paths. W e may imagine the feelings of German infantry in shell  battered trenches when, in the uncertain light of the dawn, tbey saw  advancing upon them an array of  unearthly monsters caEed in steel,  spitting fire and crawling laboriously  but ceaf-elefsly over trenchpp.barbed  wire and shell craters." THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,   R. a  w^n  '������������������������������������%���������  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Boy Scout Movement  Valuable Work Done by the Boy  Scouts in Connection With the War  It has been no small part that the  Boy Scouts have played in this war.  From spying out enemy cruisers lo  digging potatoes, they have a fine record of useful and spirited service.  Their efforts to aid the Empire in this  time of stress and strain will long'be  remembered. Boy Scouts in England  arc loading vans, collecting parcels,  wheeling trolleys, and helping to "sort  the enormous mass of correspondence  which Lancashire, Cheshire'and Yorkshire arc sending to the troops. To be  custodians of the soldiers' mails is a  very thrilling and important matter,  and, of- course, the Boy Scouts are doing.their work well.' The cream of.the  work, from the Scouts' point of view,  has been, the patrolling* of parts of the  cast coast. Scouts arc also playing  the role of agriculturist and munition  worker to perfection and to their own  advantage. They are developing the  power-of initiative and resourcefulness which is sos necessary in every  phase of life.      :'-,."  The Boy Scouts of America is a  brother: organization of the Boy  Scouts Association which came into  existence in'1913. The aims and purposes of the Boy Scouts of American  organization are essentially the same  as those of the Boy Scouts Association. As an organization it is not  military in thought form or spirit, although it docs instil in boys the military virtues such as honor, loyalty,  ���������obedience and patriotism. The uniform, the patrol, the troop and the  drill arc not for military tactics; they  arc for the unity, the harmony and  the rhythm of spirit that boys_ learn  in scouting. It is in the wearing of  the uniform and doing of things together as Scouts that they absorb the  force and truth of the Scout Lav/,  which states: "A Scout is. a. friend of  nil,, and a brother to every other  Scout."  The Boy Scouts of America organization has enjoyed rapid growth  since its inception not quite six years  ago. At' present, it has over 150,000  registered Scouts, in addition io more  than 200,000 who arc practising Scout-  ing but "who are not registered. The  organization has over 9,000 Scoutmasters and Assistant Scoutmasters.  There are about 360 Commissioners  and 4,350 members of. local councils.  ���������The American public has come to  know something of the value of the  'movement. Such demonstrations as  were, given during the Gettysburg rc-  unio{i, the Ohio flood, the Baltimore  centennial and the St. Louis pageant  and scores of similar events where  real service was given by Boy Scouts,  have impressed thinking men and women through the country with the  fact that Scouting is not merely play,  but a very important programme for  training and making use of the boyhood of the country for its welfare.  Judge Albion C. Blair of Portsmouth,  "has said: "The Boy Scouts arc the  one asset of the city above all,others  that must be encouraged and given a  proper chance to develop. As these  boys progress so.will Portsmouth progress, not only today but in years to  come."  Encouraging progress was reported  at the first annual meeting of the Saskatchewan Provincial Boy Scouts  Council, which was held recently in  Rcgina. The report of the secretary,  Mr. Frank C. Irwin, showed that on  May 15, 1916, 1,492 men and boys  were actively engaged in Scouting in  the province and 1,364 boys were under instruction. More than 125 carefully selected, clean men of strong  character were given leadership as  Scout Commissioners, Scoutmasters,  Assistant Scoutmasters and Instructors. This was an increase of 64.13  per cent, over the enrolment of June  30, 1915, when there was a total membership of nine hundred and nine. At  present there arc 69 Boy Scout troops  in the province and this figure does  not include two very live packs of  Wolf Cubs, (junior Scouts). All these  are led by men who arc giving their  service without compensation because  of their belief in Scouting as a programme for the development of character and good citizenship in boys.  Officials high up in the ranks of  the Boy Scouts Association arc convinced that the organization is so  thoroughly established that any temporary set-hacks which is might sustain during the war will not serve to  do it.any great injury. This phase  of the matter was dealt with by Sir  Robert Baden-Powell is a recent letter to the Honorary Dominion Secretary, Mr. Gerald H. Brown. Sir Robert's references were in part as follows: ''The increase of numbers and  the good public service done, and the  evidently improved efficiency of the  movement arc little short of wonderful, considering the difficulties under  which the movement is working by  the loss of so many of its best officers. But it shows that the foundations which thy have laid were good  and strong and that the movement  has the necessary foothold for carrying itself along in spite of their temporary  absence.    I  feel  also  that  its  success' is largely due to the generous  encouragement accorded to it by His  Royal Highness the Duke of Con-  naught aud wc cannot be loo gratc-  Tul to him for what he has done to  promote it progress. lis success  strengthens one's confidence that il  is going to do a very great thing for  the Empire after the war."  Terms of Peace  American Paper Comments on Opinion Expressed by Lord Bryce  No Englishman has a higher place  in-the esteem cf the American public  than Lord Bryce, and his statement  of the reasons why the allies cannot  consent to a permanent peace will  have, greater, weight with many than  any official' pronouncement would  have. Speaking at a luncheon in  London in honor of James M. Beck,  he said that he' had received an address, signed by some Americans, a  large proportion of whom had come  from Germany, urging that, fiincc the  war, must, end in a draw, it was best  to make peace at -once and save further bloodshed: The plea is not  novel; it has been put forth, though  not in so many words, by the German government. As Lord Bryce  pointed out, however, neither the premise nor the conclusion is admissible.  The war is not in the least likely to  end in a draw. The allies have made  too many sacrifices to be contented  with that. They are bound to fight  on cither to victory or defeat. Lord  Bryce is confident-of the former, not  only because of the recent successes  on land, but because Great Britain  holds the sea and her supremacy there  cannot now be shaken. Whether the  German government is losing heart or  not, it has not yet reached the point  of being willing io offer any terms  the allies can accept, and a peace that  would be only a truce is not to be  thought of for a moment.  ;. All this ought to be plain to Americans, though many of us', apparently  have even yet failed to see it. "We  arc fighting," says Lord Bryce, "for  great principles���������principles vital to  the future of mankind,' principles  which the German government outraged and which must at-all costs be  vindicated." Any impartial study of  the origin of the war makes this clear.  The contest is one between two ideals  of conduct, two kinds of civilization  which cannot possibly exist side by  side. It is an irreconcilable conflict  if.ever there were one. That is why  President Wilson's theory that- we  have no concern with its causes, that it  is a madness in which we arc happily  not involved, that wc should seek for  peace with no regard to the issues at  stake, is rather staggering to the plain  wayfaring man. It is not a question  of destroying the German nation.  "What we do desire," says Lord  Bryce, "is to exorcise an evil spirit  and discredit the military caste which  delights in war, and threatens not  only Europe, but all countries, America included." The kind of settlement  the pacifists urge would defeat this  object. - It is no true service to humanity to leave the evil conditions  which produced the war untouched. It  is difficult to sec how there can be  any intelligent disagreement with  Lord Bryce on this point.���������Philadelphia Ledger.  To Locate a Storm  As soon as you see a flash of light-,  ning, count the seconds before you  hear the thunder clap and'in this manner you can easily determine how far  away the storm is. Since light travels 186,000 miles a second, wc may  for all practical purposes regard ourselves as seeing the lightning the instant it flashes. But sound travels  1,087 feet a second. Multiply 1,087 by  the number of seconds during the interval between the flash and the thunder and the result is the distance between you and the storm. As a rule,  from twelve to fifteen miles is the  greatest distance thunder can be  heard.  A New Continent  Settlement of the    Interior of    Australia to be Soon Realized  The news that the Australians arc  building two thousand miles of railroad lo open up the interior of their  country doesn't even interest the average American.  "Well, what of it?" lie is apt to say.  Nine in every ten Americans know  almost nothing about Australia and  care' less. But the Australians hope  lo make us take more interest in them  as their export trade develops. It is  for the development of. this trade as  well as for general opening up of the  country that they arc building two  thousand miles of railway through a  desert.  Few of us. realize what a mighty continent Australia is-���������that it is bigger  than the United States; that it is farther from cast to west across the continent than from New York to San  .���������Francisco,' and farther from north to  south than from Dululh to New Orleans..  "But," you say, after looking at a  map, "it is only settled around the  coasts; across 'thci whole interior is  printed "The Great .Victoria Desert."  Yes; and there was a: time '"within  memory of men not yet very old  when across in. the interior ..of- America, where Kansas, Oklahoma, Colorado and Nebraska are now were prirued .'the. words, "The Great American  Desert." The building of the Union  Pacific and other railroads proved the  American Desert to be no desert at  all, but a productive country.-���������From  the Kansas Evening Star.  Mecca's Stone of Tears  A German Prediction  W.     N.     U.     1117  Kitchener's Forebodings of the Sea  One remarkable revelation may  without impropriety be made about  Lord Kitchener. It is 'hat he had a  sort of foreboding of an accideirt at  sea. So much was this the case that  he never crossed from Dover to  C.ilais without wearing a lifebelt  waistcoat, one that he had specially  made for him in Egypt before he mad:  his famous advance on Khartoum.  Though so often on the sea and an  excellent sailor, he detested a sea passage, and never felt comfortable on  board any ship. He always complained that the sea affected his otherwise  excellent sight���������excellent, that is, considering his age and howmuch he had  been exposed to a tropical sun. Another curious point was that, whilst  he always acquired curios in any part  of the world in which he might be, he  -took care never to allow his purchases lo be on the vessel on which he  was a passenger.���������Manchester Guardian.  Written    Three    Days    Before    the  Grand Offensive  We must* be quite just to the Germans. And as prophets no one will  proclaim them exemplary. Their prediction.about Calais did not materialize. Their breakfasting in Paris had  also to be postponed. Liege was to  have been battered off the map in an  hour, and Pctrqgrad, if wc mistake  not, was to listen to the orchestra of  the Krupp guns on the second Christmas after the war. Wc have, a notion  that the prediction shared the fate of  those that the Yankee indulged in  about the end of.the world. It didn't  come off.;  The finest thing,* however, in Germanic prophetic art was issued just  three days before the grand offensive  of the Allies on the western front  began. lit .was* published by the organ of the Kaiser, The Berlin Lokal  Anzcigcr, which wc ought to add, is  a. pretty well conducted organ in  peace times, "The satisfactory result  attained through our offemive at Verdun consists in this: General Joffre  cannot now dispose of on-"- man nor  a single rifle to undertake a general  offensive, and without the French  neither can the English nor J.he Russians have either courage of the desire to take the offensive. ������������������������������������-.  "The gene: -1 offensive that was  bragged about by our enemies has  now no better prospect of materializing than the advent tomorrow of  the Redeemer!"   -  And three Jays later it did materialize.  The Kaiser will always be accredited as the author of the greatest  slaughter ���������hat has yet befallen the  human race. It is held filial Lord  Lister by his discovery of antiseptic  surgery, has been the greatest saver  of human life,  Measuring Rainfall on the Farm  An excellent-equipment for measuring the fall of cither rain or snow  consists of a simple pail or bucket.  The location selected for setting out  the pail should be in some open lot  or field unobstructed by large trees  or buildings. If the diameter of the  pail is just 10 1-2 inches at the upper  edge, each ounce of water collected  represent 0.02 in. of rain fall. The  pail should hold twelve quarts, in fact,  most twelve-quart pails are exactly.  10 1-2 inches at their upper edge. The  deplh of the rainfall, as shown by the  water caught, may be found by weighing the contents of the pail. An ordinary small balance which reads in  ounces and half ounces is suitable for  the purpose. In hot weather, when  water evaporates quickly,,the record  should be made as soon as the rain  has slopped, if possible.  Working in the Sun  Most of us arc such creatures of  habit that we arc likely, in digging,  cultivating, transplanting and thinning, to begin always at the same end  of the garden rows and to work always in the same direction. Try varying the method to suit the season and  the time of day. If the day is hot  and you want to avoid the effect of  the sun as much as. possible turn vour  face to it. If the day is cool and the  sun's warmth adds to your comfort,  turn your back to it. In garden work  you arc bound to stoop-more cr less  and with your back to the sun you  p.escnt the brondest expanse of your  person to its rays. On the contrary,  when you face the sun, so stopping,  the rays strike mostly on your head,  which, of course, should be protected  by an ample hat with, pcrhapu, a cabbage leaf in it.  "Jones    has a suit of clothes    for  every day in the week:"  "I have only seen him in one."  "Well, that's ir!"  Tradition Says it Was    Once    Pure  White, But is Now Black  From Many Team  Year by year a great pilgrimage  consisting of from 150,000 to 2U0.U00  Moslems, make the journey to Mecca,  and it is oh these occasions that daring men have risked the dangers* associated with such an enterprise, and  endeavored lo gain access to the Holy  City. But a wrong genuflexion, a  false word in' one of the prayers, a  little inquisilivcncss in looking at  some fascinating rite has been their  undoing.  .The cry has gone up, "A Christian,"  and the mob has rushed al lh-cm and  torn them limb from.limb.  Mcca is, indeed, the holiest ground  of the Mohammedans, and the Mosque is tho Holy, of Holies. The building stands,on:ground which Arab tradition declares to be the centre of the  world, ground which, the Moslcnl- believes to be a part of heaven' on earth,  and which will return to heaven at the  last day:: .      . "  Inside this building is the sacred  black stone towards which all mos-  lcms- turn: inworship. Acording to  Mohammedan tradition this stone was  given to Abraham by the Angel Gabriel, and was originally pure white,  its present dark color being due lo the  tears shed for sins by the many pilgrims who visit the place annually.  In connection with the pilgrimage,  it is worthy of note that last year it  was the British government who arranged for the safe conduct of the  "holy carpet" from Cairo to Jcddah,  the port of Mecca, and one of the  places captured by the Arabs.  German Valet Was Spy  Servant Empi jyed by a High Government Official Arrested as a Spy  The long-drawn patience of the German Secret Service has just l.ee illustrated by an incident in London. A  German, well connected, came to London twelve years ago and by his ���������.industry, . urbanity of .manner,' and linguistic ability succeeded in obtaining  an entrance into"the confidence of a  high government official who recommended him as valet to an, official  connected with the diplomatic service.  For three yea* s the German valet fulfilled with painstaking care/his duties.  A few weeks ago, however, a hint was  imparted to the civil official that ..the  German was suspected, despite the  fact that he had been for some years  a naturalized British subject.  One morning while the valet, answering some questions, about the  war, bewailed the losses that the British were sustaining*, a detective from  Scotland Yard appeared on the scene  and-arrested him. At once the German broke out into fury of indignation and cursed in both English and  German the "entire tribe of British  swine." The valet's rooms were ransacked and the most damaging proof  found of his connection with "other  spies in the country. He is now in the  Tower of London.  Thunderstorms and Milk  Lowering  of Atmospheric . Pressure  Believed to be One Cause of  Milk Turning Sour  It is common knowledge-.that mill;  is liable to sour and curdle more  quickly during a storm than it docs  in normal wcr.ther.  Various theories have been advanced to explain this. A Frenchman has  quite recently suggested that the phenomena is related to the fact that because of the lowering of atmospheric  pressure during storms, the barometric reading always being low then, the  gases which arc in t'.ic lower portions  of the milk can more easily-rise to the  top and thus promote the action of  the lactic acid bact-ria. '  ( Lightning has :-o direct effect and  (he only difference between the effect of summer and winter storms is  that in the ���������*umm .r the higher temperatures make the milk more susceptible to bacterial action.  This seems to bt a rational explanation. J The souring, of milk, being .-a  fermentation reaction in which bacteria cause the milk, sugar to chant e  over into lact:c acid, proceeds rapidly  or slowly according to conditions.  Care in keeping milk clean and'as  free from bacteria as possible and  keeping it cold tends to lengthen the  period that it will stay sweet because  fermentation is retarded.  On the olh':r hand, carelessness as  regards cl janlincss and permitting  milk lo slay warm have the opposite  effect because these -.ondilions favor  the ferm.-ntalion proce: s. Similarly  thc presence of thesj gases in the  milk rctaids the fermentation or souring. Reaction products ah*?.ys retard  a chemical .caction unless removed  from the sphere of activity because  jthcy usually end lo set up some.,ort  of cquilib.iu- ..  Since the 'ascs rise m *re rapidh  t- the top and thus escap v.hen the  atmospheric /ensure, is low during  storms, this retarding effect which is  normally exerted on" milk-.fermentation is at least partially removed and  the milk -sours more rapidly. ' This  suggests that if it were .possible to  keep milk-containers air-tight during  storm periods the storm' could^havc  no  effect.  Germany's Great Idea  In a leading article "Thcr Vossische  Zcitung," an influential paper, commends in a lone editorial, the proposal to instruct the interned prisoners  in Germany in a knowledge of the  language.  It urges: "Teach these English,  French, and Russians, the language of  their captors^ and you remove the  main obstacle to the growth of cordiality and sympathy for Germans and  their cause." A Britisher at the camp  outside Leipsic remarked on hearing  of the proposal���������submitted to the men  at an evening mess���������--"if you want to  encourage sympathv, give us better  grub."  A Trifle Dangerous  The scene was a Wrecked village  a few miles, behind the British lines  in Northern France. It has been  fought through and probably under  the impression that troops were billeted among the ruins, the Germans  dropped shells on the'miserable place  at frequent intervals.  The village, however, only contained a score of natives and a Red Cross  motor detachment, who found shelter  in the cellars and slept indifferent to  the work of the Kaiser. The invariable morning question, relates "The  Motor," addressed to the old lady  who presided over this underground  hotel, was "Has there been much doing during thc^ night," "Ah, monsieur," she replied, "the Prussians  dropped 200 shells on our town last  night. I really think wc shall have  lo move from here; this war is bo-  ginning to be dangerous."  No Ignoble Patched-Up Peace  All arc .'csolved to do t.'ivir nl-.-nosl,  but all, loo, are resolved that -he  great l nee they pay iu toil, in treasure, and in blood sht.ll be piici for no  I.jilf-rcsults, for no patched-up, no  k-noblc!, i(0 unstable peac:. ..-.-itch a  peace, the whole nation and ���������::*���������; vvholc  Empire has ever felt, and now feels  with a fresh emotion, would make all  their deeds and all their sufferings  useless and vain.���������London Times.  One Year of Prohibition  Beneficial Conditions Res-alt.From tht  Prohibition Law in ���������Kansas,..'.:..-.  An important statement was issued  by the Honorable C. W. Trickett, Assistant Attorney-General.of t."ic State  of Kansas,, in the year 1907 concerning the working of the enforcement.  cf the prohibition law of that, state fit:  Kansas City, Kansas���������with a population of 100,000���������which adjoins the  even larger and ever, more widely  known railroad centre known as Kansas City, Missouri, where liquor is  freely sold.  A year ago there were .256 'saloons,  200 gambling houses, and about 60  houses of ill-fame. Now not one of  these evils can be found. In that  time the population has. increased  more rapidly than ever before.- The  merchants and storekeepers have had  to hire more help and the deposits in  the banks have increased by one million and a half dollars.  The attendance at the public schools  has been so increased that 18 more  teachers have had to be secured. The  increase is mostly in boys and girls  between the ages of 12 and 16, who,  before the closing of the saloon, had  to go out to work to help maintain  the familybccause the father spent s<*  much of his money on liquor.  The charitable institutions report  that the demands for help-have diminished two-thirds. Prior to the closing of saloons, the Juvenile Court had  each month from 8'to 88 children before it who needed help. There have  been only two such during the pas!  eight months. During the past twelve  months, two young men have beet:  sent to (he Reformatory as against 15  to 5 for previous years. Expenses for'  prosecuting criminals have gone down  $25,000_a year, aud the. cost of the.  police force has been reduced as much  more.  A striking paragraph in. Mr. Trick-  ell's statement is this: "A year ago the  city was trying to devise ways and  means to spare the money to build  additions to our city jails. -Today the  doors of the jails swing idly on their  hinges.���������The Christian.  A Difficult Piece of Consolidation  One of the most uncanny tasks of  which a soldier can be put-is consolidating a gain. You may expcll a foe  from a barn, but that is not enough  ft has to be kept and placed in defence, writes an officer.  Sergeant R. Jones, of the.70th Ed.  Co., R. E., was sent to do sonic work  of this class. A trench bad to be put  i i perfect fighting order. Immediately  his commander fell, and Jones was-  left in charge. Taking the inialive he  encountered a bombing attack. Bui  he persisted :.i defying the enemy for  over two hours, the fire getting heavier all the lime. Although slightly  wounded, he stuck to the trench lili  tl'.c job was finished and the. goof'  work has won for him a D. CM.  smmixsmimmiMgmmmmmsmi  sm .fiCHE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. ������'  a  IV  MAKES PERFECT BREAD  Nothing New Under the Sun  Aeroplanes and Submarines Are Said  | to be Centuries Old  ���������"According to researches by a  French professor, it would appear  that submarines have almost as hoary  a past as aeroplanes, which, as is well  known involve ideas which arc centuries old.  It also appears that submarines  were built as early as the beginning  of the seventeenth century. The origin  of the invention is older still. Aristotle  tells how Alexander the Great made  use of submarines during the siege of  Tyre more than 300 years before  Christ.  A Dutchman-named Cornelius Van  Drcbbcl astounded ' London in 1620  ���������with "a submarine lhat held twelve  oarsmen and some passengers, among  whom was King James I.  Previous to this, iu 1534 a monk  suggested .the idea lhat a -"hip be  constructed of metal so as lo be wat-  tcrtight and able to resist the pressure of water.*  In 1537 a ship with twenty cannon,  eigghty sailors, and many bags of  money on board blew up and sank in  the port of Dieppe.  Three years later a Frenchman, Jean  Barrie, called Pradinc, built, according  to the. old monk's ideas, a submarine  with which he promised lo rescue the  bags of gold and silver from- the  wreck, and possibly some pieces of  artillery.  The great Pascal, then a little boy,  was an eye-witness to the experiments  of Pradinc, which were carried on till  1650 with ultimate success.  But it is not-on record that any of  these submarines: were ,/hurdcrcrs of  little children.  To have the children sound and  healthy is the first care of a_ mother.  They cannot be healthy if troubled  with worms. Use Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator.  Willi elm II. visited Jerusalem and  crossed the Jordan in 1898, the first  European monarch to do so since the  days of the crusade. And it transpires that when in Jerusalem he expressed the hope lhat the day would  come when he would be able to render Turkey a protection that would  give to the Holy Land peace frorn'Micr  racial and Greek enemies."  Wc need the plain, homely truths  driven home toschool graduates. Too  often they leave college possessed of  a self-centred notion that the world  is under obligation to them and lhat  their education has made them wise  enough to live without manual labor.  A man or woman who docs not at  some time in early life taste the weariness of manual labor has a poor  chance to win and is to be pitied.���������H.  E. Cood in American Agriculturist.  Echo of Waterloo  Grandson    of    "Marshal    Forward"  Biuecher No Friend of Prussians  Prince Gcbhardt Biuecher von  Wahlstatt, grandson of the first and  famous Prince Biuecher of Waterloo  fame, is dead as the result of a fall  from his horse near Breslau.  The grandson of old "Marshal Forward" was no friend of the Prussians.  For many years prior to the outbreak  of the war he lived in* England, and  in 1899 the Prussian House of Lords  declared he had forfeited his scat in  that-, body,  Prince Biuecher.carried on a legal  warfare with the city of Berlin over  taxation and similar matters, for the  greater part of his life. He also planned to lease his palace at Brandenburg as a cafe, and the city was compelled to invoke the courts to prevent  what it considered a desecration,  Litigation with'his ten children alro  occupied a good deal of the Prince's  time. His eldest son held a high  salaried position in London, which he  lost at the beginning of the war. He  .sued his lather for a yearly allowance,  pf 50,000 marks, and the Prince was  prdcrcd by the court to pay half that  sum up to last January and 15,000  yearly thereafter.  Big Munition Contracts  Value of- Shell Deliveries in  Canada  Average    Nearly a Million  Dollars a Day  The announcement that the Iinper-  iahMunitions Board'has received from  the British government further orders  for $35,000,000 worth of heavy shells  for delivery early in 1917,' brings the  total of orders in Canada for shells  anel high explosives up to over half a  billion dollars. The new order includes mainly 6-inch and nini point  2-inch shells.  So far Canada has delivered a little  over $200,000,000'** orth of shells. At  the present lime deliveries are averaging nearly $1,000,000 worth per day.  By the end of the year, Chaiunan  L;lavcllc, of the munitions board, says  the output will be at least $35,000,000  worth per month. About $300,000,000  worth of orders are now in process of  being filled by some four hundred  Canadian firms. The new fuse-making' plant established near Montreal  is now in satisfactory operation and  Canada can now produce for Great  Britain over a score of thousands of  shells every day, all ready for the artillery at the front lo fire.  The chief difficulty now is lhat  ihcrc is a general scarcity of labor.  Thousands of men who _ might have  been available-, for munitions work  have been recruited and sent to the  front . New workers are being* trained but shell contractors report great  difficulty in procuring them.  As one means of meeting the .situation, the munitions board is now urging the recruiting of women to work  in munitions factories. In Great Britain there are now tens of thousands  of girls and women employed and  their work has been of inestimable  value to the cause of the Allies. They  are easily tr. -.ied to handle machines  and have proved competent r.nd reliable, workers. Chairman Flavellc  Lays there arc thousands of women in  Canada who would be similarly available and who would be'glad to do  essential, war work. An illustrated  book of instructions on the employment and training of women munition  workers, issued by the ministry of  munitions, has been sent to every  manufacturer in Canada engaged on  munitions contracts. There arc already hundreds of girls and women  employed iu the shell factories of  Canada. They are reported to be giving good satisfaction. More arc needed.  .     ���������  Hollo way's Corn Cure takes the  corn out by the roots. Try it and  prove it.  The asphyxiating gases used iu the  war arc made,from sabadilla, a product of the barley family exported  only from Venezuela, says an American Consular report from that country. The substances produced from  ���������the seeds arc cavadinc, or crystallized  veratric, an alkaloid, veratric acid,  and sabaclallinc, which is an amor-  phus, pleasant smelling alkaloid that  accelerates the beating of the heart.  Sunlight a Benefit  Sunlight and Fresh Air    Essential to  Health and Cleanliness  Sunlight is a great germicide. Out*  pioneer grandmothers did not know  much about germs, but they acted  on modern principles when they  hung their milk pails and strainers in  the sun" to sweeten," as they s-.iid.  Sunlight, as well as fresh air, should  be used as a part of the general.processes of house cleaning. The thrifty  habit of'shutting out the sun in order-  to keep carpets and draperies from  fading indicates a large degree cf ignorance of- modern methods of sanitation. ���������  The airing and sunning of bedding  every week, all the year round, is a  most important part of good housekeeping, but one which is much neglected, especially by women who live  in flats, where science is very often  sacrificed to esthetics.  Therefore, it becomes imperative  that at house .cleaning time the under  side of rugs, carpets, mattresses" and  cushions should be exposed to the  sun and air for as long a period as  possible.  Sunlight is free to all.  Plants'will not thrive without it.  Animals love lo bask in it.  Only man shuns it, and by doing so  he incurs unnecessary danger from  tuberculous and other diseases.  I bought a horse with a supposedly  incurable ringbone fo $30.00. Cured  him with $1.00 worth of MINARD'S  LINIMENT and'sold Jhim'for $S5.00.  Profit on Liniment, $54.  MOIS'E' DEROSCE.  Hotel Keeper,    St. Phillippc,  Que.  .ipca  8.SJSJB  WP- SB!  mv JDecier  SOLD BY  ALLGOOD  SHOE DEALERS  'Worn by Every Member  'of She family        5  /s^^wm*-***^^  ��������� -~���������.  W.     W.     *L     1117  Bacon for Britain  An Enormous Market Exists For the  Canadian   Product   in   the  Old Country  As is well known, hogs have reached an unprccedently high price���������  $11.65 per cwt., being paid for them  on the Toronto market. The fact  that even with live hogs at-this figure, shipments of bacon arc regularly  going forward to England, will serve  to illustrate very clearly the demand  for that product on the British market, Without doubt, Canada stands  in a better position today to develop  a permanent bacon trade with Great  Britain than' has ever been the case  before, To do this, however, there  must be volume of supply, There is  very good reason to believe that, although prices cannot be expected to  remain at the present level, the demand for bacon in the face of the supply that can be obtained, will be such  as to hold the market in a very firm  condition, both during and for a considerable period following [\\c war.  Great Britain's import:" of bacon in  1915 amounted lo ������25,441,460. Of  this money Canada only 'obtained  ������3,324,511. The fact tdiat'Canadjan  bacon has been selling at from ten  to twelve shillings per luindred weight  above the American product ah4 at  not jnorc than (.wclvc shillings under  the nominal quotation fop Danish,  illustrates clearly to what Canada  could increase fier pxpbrt jradc, had  she a sufficient quantity pf jiog^ \o  make thjs possible, TIjc'English. n|a.;-  1-ct and (.he Eriiis}) poiisinncr wjlj Jni'y  Canadian bacon, tod'.y, quality |>cing  cquaf, in preference tq' |l|at from any  other country ii* the worjd( wjtjl possible exception pf Ireland. Not pnly  so, but aii cnornipi|.s'market exists aj-  sq' for |iam, frozcrj pork ' ajicj "pork  cuts of various descriptions.' This  niarkct is as remunerative "as' the* paeon trade, alllipugh it is not likely to  prove as constant.'  i  Under the control of Hie Department, of Airiicultiire of Ontario ��������� Established 1862  Afliliiljd With Tlis Unirtrii'r ol Toroaio.        Colics*: will reopeu on Monday the 2nd of Octobor, 1915.  110 University Avenue, Toronto,   Canada.,    Calendar    on    Application  ]  E. A. A. Grange, V.S., M.S., Principal  Suffer  Longer  From Constipatfon  You can immediately relieve and  permanently cure yourself with Dr.  HamiltonVPills. One thousand dollars will be paiel for any case that  isn't corrected within three clays. _Dr.  Hamilton's Pills contain no injurious  drugs; they arc composed entirely of  soothing, vegetable extracts that  strengthen the stomach and bowels  at once. It is absolutely impossible  for Dr. Hamilton's Pills to fail curing  biliousness, sour stomach, indigestion,  headache or constipation. Even one  box has brought vigor and renewed  health to chronic sufferers, so you  owe it to yourself .to try Dr. Hamilton's Pills at once;-25c. per box "at all  dealers.  A Call to the Towns  When Roads Through Country Points  Are Kept in Better Repair Than  in the Towns  It is high lime that the rural sections of America called to the towns  lo mend their ways and their streets  This is our conclusion after a summer lour of hundreds of miles through  a prosperous, country. We found highways in rural sections well kept and  comfortable, but there was a,.far. different story in the small cities and in  the numerous towns and villages  through which w'C passed. The main  country roads were smooth boulevards compared with the streets in  the average town or city. In some  places where the homes were handsome and the* factories busy the  streets were full of holes.  It was a striking illustration of the  greatest road failure in Anucrica. Small  cities and* towns have lagged. A roads  expert,, who has recently travelled  over most of the country, says the  fault is general. In the past five  years the rural situation has vastly  improved, but the small city and town  showing is sad. When you near a  settlement you begin to.bump.  For this the explanation is that the  town or city has too much local politics. A banker said to us: "Wc have  two factions and each is so busy fighting the other that nothing is done for  the town."- It is a great pity. The very  communities that ought to be ahead  on good thoroughfares are behind._  Perhaps farmers might jog them into right action by taking their patronage to towns and cities that provide good streets to travel over.���������  Country Gentleman.  The Pill That Brings Relief���������When,  after one has partaken of a meal he is  oppressed by feelings of fulness  and pains in the stomach he suffers  from dyspepsia, which will persist if  it be not dealt with. Parmclcc's Vegetable Pills arc the very best medicine  that can be taken lo bring relief.  These pills are specially compounded  to deal with dyspepsia, aud their sterling qualities in this respect can be  vouched for by legions of users.  The Bulgarian Government has ordered $2,000,000 worth of 2 cent and  1 cent coins in steel and lead, More-  over, about ^"3,000.000 are to bo shortly issued in small bank notes In the  respective value of 20 rents and 40  cents each. These small bank notes  arc being printed in Germany,  Use of Dras Harrow -,  From an Address by the Hon. R. W.  Motherwell  The history of the harrow is-as old  as lhat of agriculture. We are not  told by the sacred writers whether  Adam used cue in tho Garden of Eden  or not, but in any case it was invented  about that period.  In ancient lime: only the -lighter  soils were cultivated and the harrow  often consisted of branches of trees,  which merely scratched the surface of  the ground. At first the work was  dolrc by hand, but in the lime of Job  wc know that animals were used for  the purpose. He says: "Will the unicorn harrow Ihc valley after thee?"  Even today in the remote districts  of Europe the brush harrow is used.  But the march of progress docs not  halt for the remote districts lo fall  into line. Wc find that the old "A" harrow which originally consisted of  thorn bushes with cross bars attached  had developed among the Romans into a system of cross bars in which  were inserted numerous teeth.  This remained the standard until  the sixteenth century. Since then the  evolution has been as follows: wooden  frame with wooden teeth, wooden  frame with iron teclh and tho\c made  wholly of iron. The second type is  still used lo a considerable extent.  In dry farming practice, probably  no other implement plays so important a part in moisture conservation  as docs the drag harrow. If wc did  not have the harrow the much talked  of "soil mulch" would be very-hard  to obtain. .-'There-are other implements on the farm which we could  use to produce this mulch, but' the  small acreage covered by them in a  day makes the cost of; production -*o  great that their use is prohibitive.  The two outstanding features of the  harrow in producing a mulch arc the  rapidity with which the work can be  accomplished and the efficiency of ���������the.,  work done.  Not only is the harrow a splendid  implement to itse in producing or restoring a mulch but is beneficial ulso  as a packer. In a newly ploughed  land especially, the harrow teeth go  well into the ground, breaking up the  lumps right through the furrow slice,  compacting the soil, and thus materially aiding the capillary action of the  moisture.  For ever j- pound of dry matter-produced in a plant about six hundred  pounds of water are absorbed. Experiments have .proven that a single stick  of the harrow has checked evaporation to the extent of one hundred tons  of water per acre. This is^equivalcnt  to an additional yield of four bushels  of wheat per acre.  As a weed cradicator, the harrow  is indispensable, but when it is to be  used for weed destruction the weeds  should never be allowed to get beyond their second leaves. When the  weeds are at this stage, on a warm  dry day, the harrow will kill millions  of them. In summer-fallowing from  the time the land is shallow ploughed,  double disced the previous fall until  freeze-up the season it is fallowed the  harrow can be used at intervals to  good advantage for accomplishing the  following purposes: Killing weeds;  conserving moisture; making a firm  seed bed; stirring up the surface of  the ground and permitting access of  proper amounts of air, thus giving the  soil bacteria an opportunity to change  the plant food from an unavailable to  an available condition.  The method to employ in harrowing a young grain crop will depend on  the object of the harrowing. If it is  done to restore a mulch and to stimulate growth the time selected should  be when the work will injure the  young plants as little as possible. This  will be when the plant is just showing above the ground and again when  the grain is three or four inches high.  If the harrowing is lo destroy young  weeds wc must expect some of the  grain to be destroyed also. When  this is to be done ihc sowing should  be thicker than usual to allow for injury, High framed long toothed borrows are best adapted for this purpose, Care should be. taken that it  does not track, for if this occurs the  grain will be damaged while little  harm will be done to the weeds.  Damage is often done to growing  crops by harrowing when the leaves  arc wet and fuil of water as they  are inoro crisp and tender at this  lime than on a warm, dry day, 'Phis  is especially so in harrowing a corn  crop. Also, if the land is wet tin- narrow (cclh will gather soil and rubbish  ancl pull out considerable grain. If  harrowing js done when the ground is  too wet, a great deal of ihc grain may  be. pulled out or covered, with consequent loss (o the farmer.  By [-arrowing the soil when it is  very wet, it*^ physical condition is  seriously jmpaircd ancl it is difficult  (o restore the. land to a friable granular state. This is especially so in clay  soils where the soil particles are of  very minute dimensions.  Minard's Liniment Cures   Distemper.  *g  Of 65 Years Ago  Arc still doing* duty in  the shape of  s  atcnes  UtMHOOK  Sixty - five years ago  the lirstCanadian-inade  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Kddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  I ' When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  SSSSSE^^S^HSP'  In."thU  puzzle   you  see    four    lines    of  letters.    Fill in   th=  missintf    letters    so  that each line spelU  a ��������� well-known  town  in    the    world.      A  Magnificent   Watch.  Lady's    or    Gent's  (guaranteed five years), will bo sent freo of  charge  to  readers  of  this paper   who   solve  this puzzle and conform to our one condition.  It   costs   you   nothing    to  try.     Send  your  answer   together   with  stamp, that  we may  send you  result.    All failing to do this  will  be disqualified.   SBND NOW! ^  BARGAIN"   WATCH   CO.    ('.OO'Oept.),  89, Cornwall's Rd., London,  N.  ***T*5"''gre?gsgg^^  LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED  by CUTTER'S BLACKLEG PIUS  Lov.--priced,  fresh, reliable;  p referred by  v/estem stock-.  men. because _ ,  protect where other  vaccines fail.  Write lor booklet and testimonials.  10-dose pks.Blackleg PWs, S1.00  5Q--1DS0 phg, Blscklae Pills, $4.00  Vse any injector, but Cutter* s simples! and stronzesr.  The superiority of Cutter products is due to over IS  years of specializinir in VACCINES AND SERUMS  ONLY. INSIST OS COTTER'S. Ii uaobtainabla.  order direct.  Tfia Cuttsr Laborstory, Berksl-**/, California  Cctioa Root ���������o������poim&  A safe, reliable reaulatinf,  medicine. Sold in three de-<  gvees of strength. No. 1,  $1; No. 2, $3; No. 3. *S  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Free  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK IWEDICIKE CoJ  I0E0HT0. OHT, (ftf-wrf* HU-UmJ  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Somethiiis better than linen and big laundry  bills.     Wash   it   with  soap   and   water.     AH  stores  or direct.     State style and  size.     For  \25c. we will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANT OF  CANADA. Limited  58 Fraser Aronuo, Toronto, Ontario  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N.t N������2. M.S.  Used in French  Hospitals with  Cr;atijccrsj, cmes ciirosic weakness, lost vigou  &   VIM   K1DVEY    SUAOOER. DtSEASES    BI.OOO    TOISOH.  riLics   KtniKt Na unucjlsrsor mail SI   post 4 CTS  FGUOKt-. CO   SO. IIEF. KM AN ST  N F.W VORK or LYMAN BROS  ro'IO.IT")     WBITK FOR FREE HOOK TO Da. LB Cl.ERC  Msi) Co iiavhrstockKd.Hamfstf.ad. London. Eno.  t-lVK**WD!tA0**StTASlCI.ES3)F0RM0F    EASY TO JAM  THERAPION aassDc���������������.  BKE THAT  TltAC-!*   MAKKP.O   WORD   'TltEKAnON- IS OK  EKIT.GOVI  STAMP AfliXtC TO ALL GEMUINK PACKST*  New Canadian Book  Since arrivinfc in London, Dr.  Doucfli'v, Dominion Archivist,' has  published "A Daughter of Nc..'  Franc?," bcint; a story or Madclei-ic  (ic Vcrchcrcs. The luiol: is lnv.uli-  f-.iily in educed in limited miinb:.*--,  dedicated to Princess 1'atricia, and  the proceeds go towards the Red  Cross work of the Madeleine Yer-  chcrcs Chapter of the Daughters of  the Empire.  "Vou married a. rich wife, (tkli-'t  you.''" asweu Jones of his mend.  "Ves," he giirhcti." "but she's not dc-  elared any dividend y.:i."  j Jones Cto Iris proeer)���������Vou sceirt  ; angry, Mr,  I'rown,  Krown���������I am, Tlie inspector of  weights and measures has just been  in,  Jones���������I-fa ha! He caught you triv-  inir fifteen ounces to tlie pound, did  lie?  Brown���������Worse than that. He. said  I'd been pivintf    seventeen. -Tit^liits,  ,..       .���������..������  i.        , , ...   hi. i ii.     * .1 ���������ii-    , M������������������ ��������� ���������������������������.. ....������������������      i    ��������� ..q  When Your Eyes Need Care  UmcMurineE.vf-M-'dicine. NoSiitartltifr���������Keels  Fine ���������Acta CJuicl-l.v. Try It for Ki-d.Wcak,  tlore Kyeo and ('ruiniliii������d Kyelldit. Murine la  compounded by our Oculisty���������not p ".patem  Mcdk'luo"��������� but lined in fliiccrs-tf illPhyHieli-.iis'i  Frnctfoe (of many years. "Koiv4edleulc4 Ut THE   SUM,.  GKANJJ,   FO&KS,    B. C.  Watch  its  nob, we will frankly tell you so.  will run cor-  ectiy. A. D. MORRISON  amis  Does your watch run  correctly? ,If you experience any diflicuU  ty ,svitli it, leave- it  with us. We will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a modern  ate cost. If it does  A watch repaired  by us  Hon. Ernest Miller, president'of,the council in the  Bowser- government, returned to Victoria "on Wednesday.  J. L. Meikle and son left on Sunday for Trail, where  they will enter the employ of the Consolidated  company.  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GHANDFORKS,B.C.  G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  '   AS INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) SI.00  One Year (in the United States)     l.oO  Addressrall communications to  Tins Gkand Forks Sun,  Grand Fokks, B. C.  OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 22, 1916  ��������� We do not believe that, the soldiers' vote  will change the result in a single constituency  in the province, or that it will affect the prohibition act or the woman's suffrage referendum. The soldiers are average citizens, recruited from all parties, and it may be taken  for granted that the voce will split on about  the same ratio as the civilian's. Some of the  Conservatives in this province entertain the  mistaken idea that all the patriotism in this  country is shielded by the Conservative party.  If any of the defeated candidates have hopes  of travelling to Victoria by the soldiers' vote  route, we fear that they are doomed to disappointment.  THE LAST CUP  And if the wine you drink, the Lip you press,  End in what All begins and ends in.���������Yes;  Think then you are today what yesterday  You were���������tomorrow you shall not be less.  So    when      that    Angel    of    that darker  Drink  At last shall find you by the river-brink,  And, offering his Cup, invite your Soul  Forth   to  your lips  to  quaff���������you  shall not  shrink.  NOTICE  We, the undersigned milk dealers, give notice that owing to the increased cost of production, we will on October 1st advance the  price of milk to 12������c per quart. Thanking  our customers for their patronage in the past,  we solicit a continuance of same.  W. B. GLANVILLE,  ft. FORRESTER,  ST. OUEN'S DAIRY,  L. PETTERSEK  Cabinet-making is a pleasant but uncertain  occupation if you are not the prime minister-  elect.  Undpr the direction of William Hugh, secretary o*  the Beekeepers' Assoc ation of British Columbia, the  returned soldiers living at the Military Convalescent  Borne at Esquimalt will take up the interesting  study of apiculture. The soldiers are taking up many  interesting subjects in the various branches of agriculture, and it is with the idea of giving them elementary training in such subjects as their present  condirions and surroundings allow, that this work is  being done The British Columbia department of  agriculture fias already placed the services of many  of the trained agriculturists of the department at the  disposal of the men at the home, and fnrtheir ��������� development   will   be made from time to time.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Every citizen of Grand Forks should give  two days of his time to the annual fair next  week. This would prove profitable both to  himself and to the fair.  Lord Kitchener's, name will be perpetuated  through the arts of peace by Kitchener wheat,  a cross between Tibet and native African  wheats, which is proof against the rust that  formerly worked mischief in the wheat-growing districts of British South and East Africa.  While Kitchener \vas_Jn command in India  he sent some of the Tibet wheat to friends in  South Africa, who gave his name to the new  variety that their experiments established.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  The Nelson News has the following to say  of a soldier who is well known here, and who  was in our city for a considerable length of  time last year:  Lieut. Don. McQuarrie, of Nelson, was the  first officer or man of the 4th Canadian division to enter the German lines, according to  a letter from another member of that division  which has been received in Nelson.  Lieut. McQuarrie is acting scout officer and  has led three parties into the enemy lines.  Each of the raids was successful and the Canadians inflicted losses on the enemy at small  cost to themselves. Gen. Victor W. Odium  p������rsonally congratulated Lieut. McQuarrie on  his good luck, and the commander of the  Canadians and the commander of the scouts  also publicly commended him.  "It's great out in no man's land, with the  flares going up, the machine guns going, your  eyes popping out of your head and expecting  to run into a German patrol every minute  and also the chance of your own men taking  a pot shot at you," says a letter dealing with  these raids.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE "  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  In'your favor is good printing,  It starts things off in your favor.  PeopUe read your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING becauseitGETS  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you~. It's a certainty that  we can save you money, too.  7  In the Grand Forks Valley  18 acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  orchard; good house and  barn and other buildings.  For further information  call at !  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its locsil contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  sccribers.  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" dlflests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time it! In five minutea all stomach distress will go. No Indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin i3 noted for its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless It is to suffer from Indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  sures'- and most harmless stomach  doctor in the world.  Advertise in The Sun.   It has the  largest local circulation.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Eigs . and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Barns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  <__pr h bw<w Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou itry  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   po "er." THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  For  Go to  Timberlake, Son &> Co.  Newest Styles Choicest Patterns  Lowest Prices  fiS  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forts  =)  prisoners, and the Russians is tak-  in' thousands and thousands' of  Gernian prisoners. ' If It keeps on,'  all the Russians will be in Germany  and all the Germans in Russia.  And. then they'll start all over again,  fightin' to .get back to their 'omes!"  J  tore  Has a full stock of Groceries���������-Fruits and  Vegetables -m season���������at RIGHT PRICES  ry Our Blue Ribbon   Tea at 45c per Poun  None Better  Phone .85  First Street  Grand Forks  ODE TO AN ORCHARD  .An orchard, through whose "mellow  shade  Sunhearns the long shade dapple;  A book that can aside he laid;  A large .and sudciv'apple;  An nftprnoon of idleness,  A sky of fleece flfeked blue���������  Onv-ir can ke������-p his "wildf-rnpss,"  But I'd like these���������and you.  Aflown the stream floatb the canoe, ,  ..r The water lilies quiver, |  A craft that has but room   for  two, ���������  Upon a golden river! j  No drink can equal the divine |  . Clear draught of heaven's blue���������;  Omar  can keep  his "jug of wine.",  If I have these���������and you. i  They   say   the   Persian maids   are  sweet  And fair, with shining tresses,  With tiniest of tiny feet,  With words that are caresses,  Red   lips that  hide   twin   rows   of  pearls,  Dark eyes that languish, too���������  But what care I for Omar's girls  If I can have���������just you?  ���������Douglas Anderson.  The War of the Home Seekers  Two English.workmen were discussing'the war. "It'll be an awful  long job, Sam," said one.  "It will," replied the other. "You  see, these Germans are takin' thousand  and   thousands    of   Russian  (CLEVELAND)  y  \ Headquarters  " for  i High-Grade  j Sundries  "Built to Last"  Without a doubt, one of the strongest  bicycles'ever built.  Thousands in use to-day, that have  been running ten to twenty years.  And still giving the utmost satisfaction.  The 3^iece "C.G.M.".Hanger adds  the finishing" touch of perfection to  this famous wheel.  Call and examine the latest "Glevelanda "at  Addressing Mail to Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), staff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (g) .British Expeditionary Force,  (h) Army Post, London, England.  Unnecessary   mention   of     higher  formations, such as brigades, d visions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay.  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  P. A,  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yai.e Hotel, First Street  ���������M  ail J \J O '  the  J.R.M001B0ER  Blacksmith and Bicycle Dealer  NS(������,CO.  Dealers in  Fresh and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our o^otto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen, cTWanager  The man at the head of affairs  whether it home or in business, is  the one whose attention -jou wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes an<l is read by the head of  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want  Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE  your  repairs to   Armson, sboe  re  pairer.    The   Hub.    Look for  the   Big  Boot  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stove |  and   Ranges.    E. C. Peckham,   Secondhand Store.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  YoL Gait Goal  N-  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Tblbfhonks;  Okfick, kii6 Cfpo* etpppt  Hanskn'k RksideKok K38rl,������" ulICul  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink. Also imprinted wrappers. Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  THE  LONDONDIRECTORII  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of poods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they whip, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, otc, in  tho principal provincial towns aud Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be for*  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Doulers socking Agencies can advertise  their trado cards lor $5, oriargor advortltie-  ments from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD  25, Abciiurcli Lane, London, TC. 0,  Assuring Your  usmess  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  r  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New castomars to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  thp T'PfjnPT1^! ni  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  _____  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising,  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,    B. C  Indigestion, constipation, biliousness  and many ailments of the digestive'  organs arc often the source of serious  illness. At the first sign of disordered  conditions take the ' reliable family  remedy that is always dependable���������'  Alcohol as Fuel  LtrRost Saio of Any Mcdicino in thn World.  Sold everywhere. In boxes, 25 cent..  7,000,000 Women Work  Filling the Places Vacated by Britons  Called to War  - Il is estimated thai Llic number of  women now working in war and peace  jobs in the British Isles exceeds 7,000,-  000.  The wholesale withdrawal of men  from ihc commercial and ' industrial  ranks has rcrullcd in a huge substitution of female labor for the purpose  of maintaining* the industrial output  of the country. Many hundreds of  women arc training lo become milkers  and dairy hands. In Scotland and  Northumberland this sort of work is  being regularly undertaken by women,  while in Devonshire aud other counties milking is being done even by  young girls before they go lo school.  Women arc at the lathe, in overalls  and caps, in the powder shed, working  twelve-hour shifts on th c motor buses  or fashioning metal, timber and  leather, carting, driving and distributing.    It has been recalled in connection  .with the melting down of church  bells in Germany, that Cromwell had  all Cork's church bells taken down  and niade into artillery, remarking  that as gunpowder was invented by  a priest, it was fitting the bells should  be turned into "cannons."  Minard's Liniment Cures  Colds, etc.  New C. P. R. Station at Toronto  The old C. P. R. station in Toronto  has been leased to the City for the  nominal rate of $1 per annum. The  new north end station is now in full  operation and, with its modern facilities and accessories, is giving great  satisfaction to the public. The district in which it is situated has grown  enormously during: the past few years.  The C. P. R. believes; not only in accommodating .._._ present needs, but in  anticipating those of the future. That  is why it builds largely and substantially in all large centres of population, where there is promise of 'growth  and development. What with the north  end station in Toronto and the new  station and terminal ��������� on Front street,  which will be finished next year, Toronto is being rewarded at last with  that attention which seems to have  been denied the Queen city for many  years.  Chemist Suggests Use for Distilleries  in Prohibitioi. Towns  In view of the fact lhat the Western provinces have adopted prohibition the question naturally arises as  lo what will become of some of the  extensive breweries and distilling  plants in Canada.   ~  A former principal of Rcgina College suggests lhat these plants be  equipped for the manufacture of commercial alcohol. The project is put  forward by one who is by profession  an analytical chemist and has given  much thought to the possible uses lo  which these plants might be put after  prohibition becomes effective. He has  also suggested vinegar production,  pickling, canning and cold sloragc.  In discussing alcohol as a fuel he  states that the"world's supply of gasolene is limited and unrcucwablc  and, therefore, with the increased use  of the automobile and other forms  of the gasolene engine, -the price  must rise. A British chemist's opinion lhat posterity will have lo run lo  alcohol as fuel is quoted.  GOOD RICH BLOOD  S  Just a Little  More   Rich,  Red  Blood Cures Most Ailments  "Why did Rev. Binks leave his  charg-c?" 'Tie said his parishioners  were guilty of contributory negligence.  Better Authority���������"It was Shakespeare, wasn't it, who said: 'Swccl arc  the uses of adversity'?"  "Shakespeare may have said it originally, but I heard it from a lawyer  who had pocketed 65 per cent of an  estate."���������Boston Transcript.  (Made in Canada)  embodies the full, rich  nutriment of whole wheat  combined with malted  barley. This combination gives it a distinctive,  delicious flavour unknown to foods made  from wheat alone.  Only selected grain is  used in making Grape-  Nuts and through skillful  processing it comes from  the package fresh, crisp,  untouched by hand and  ready to eat.  Through long baking,  the energy - producing  starches of the grain are  made wonderfully easy  of digestion.  A daily ration of this  splendid food yields a  marvellous return of  health and comfort.  )������  "There's a reason  Sold by Grocers everywhere  Cai;:ulimi IVi.-itti:ii Ceic.-i! Co., r,td,.  WiinIt.������:, Out.  The lack of sufficient rich, red  blood docs uot end merely in a pale  complexion. It is much more serious. Bloodies people arc tired, languid, run-down folk who do not enjoy life. Food docs not nourish;  there's indigestion, heart ������������������alpilation,  headache, backache aud nearly always nervousness. If the bloodlcss-  ness is' neglected too long a-decline  is'sure.lo follow. Just a little more  rich, red blood cure-, all these  troubles. Then you have new health,  new vitality and pleasure in life. To  get more rich, red blood the remedy  is Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. No* othei  medicine; increases and enriches the  blood so quickly or so surely. This  is not a mere claim. Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills hr.vc clone this over and  over again throughout why thousands  of people always have a good word  to say'for this medicine. Miss Gertrude "Haffncr,.Kingston, Ont., says:������������������  "About two years ago I was suffering greatly with anaemia, so much so  that 1 had to give up ray situation. I  became so weak.that I could scarcely  walk without help. I had no ambition, no color, no appetite and- was  constantly troubled with headaches  aud dizzy spells. I was taking medicine from the doctor, but it did not  do nic a particle of good. One day  a friend asked me if I had tried Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. Though as the  result of my condition I was greatly  discouraged, I began the use of the  Pills, ancl thanks to that good friend's  advice after using a few boxes I began to fccL much better. Under the  continued use of the Pills I gained in  weight, my color came back and I  grew gradually stronger.' I looked  so much better that people would ask  me what I Was taking and I had no  hesitation.-in giving the credit to Dr.  Williams' Pink. Pills. :.I am so grateful for what this medicine has done  for me that I will do all I can to extend its use."  You can get these pills from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  villc, Out.  Raising Colts Without Oats  It is possible to prodicc strong,  healthy draft horses without oats.- Iu  an experiment at the Kansas Agricultural College, iter more than "nine  months' feeding, the colts lhat have  had no oals arc in belter condition  and have mi.de a little belter gain  than those which ate this feed. The  ration of corn, bran and oilmcal also  cost twenty per cent less than, the  oals ration.  The experiment Includes twenty  colts divided into l.vo lots, with five  pure breds and five grades iu each  lot. The two lots have been fed the  same sort of roughage���������alfalfa, clover, timothy hay, corn fodder aud pasture. One lot has been fed oats every  day and the other has had a ration  consisting by weight of seventy per  cent corn, twenty-live per cent. bran,  ancl five per cent, oilmcal. One pound  of this mixture contains the same digestible elements as one pound of oals  Also, from the standpoint of energy  value, the two feeds arc equal, pound  for pound. Each lot of colts has received the same number of pounds of  grain.  Preparedness  for Farmers  A Matter to Which Farmers of Canada Should Give Necessary  Attention  Hard limes ancl debt arc ihc farmer's greatest enemies. Growing food  for the family and feed for the live  stock are his best form of preparedness against these evils. In the war  for prosperity good , gardens, fresh  eggs, milk ancl butter, home raised  ham, plenty of grain and hay,-���������these  arc the weapons to use against the foe  if success is to be obtained. The best'  managed farm requires lhat the farmer shall -not buy food stuffs cither,  for his family or his live stock. By  proper preparedness methods, eggs  will be provided ior/, even when the  hens arc not laying; fruit and vegetables will be in cans on the closet  shelves when they arc not in the garden; there will be canned meat, smoked meal or pickled meat, when fresh  meat is not available ancl the silo will  afford succulent feed for the stock  when there is none in the fields.  A well balanced farm business insures against losses ancl provides a  much bcllcr utilization of the labor  and equipment. The matter of preparedness is one to which Canadian  farmers should give increasing attention, in more senses than one.���������Montreal Family Herald.  Minard's Liniment  Curess Garget in  cows.  Tonsilitis, Sore Throat, Ches  Colds. Can be Cured Over  They Vanish Quickly if Ner-  viline is Well Rubbed in  When the throat tickles, when it  hurts to draw a long breath, when you  feel as if a knife were stuck in your  side, il's time to draw out the congestion that will soon become pneumonia.  An ordinary cough syrup has no  chance at all���������you require a powerful  Penetrating      liniment.  Nothing  is  known  that      t  possesses  more merit in such  cases    than   Ncrvi-  linc.  Rub it liberally over the sides and  chest���������rub it in hard.  - The warm, soothing effect of Ncrvl-  linc will be apparent in five minutes.  Nothing like it for quick relief���������  takes soreness out of the throat in one  rubbing���������breaks up the chesla cold,  draws out the inflammation, stops the  cough quickly.  - Rub" it on for rheumatism���������it destroys the pain���������drives il right,away.  Try it for stiff muscles���������il works miracles in just such cases.  Give Nervilinc a chance on your  neuralgia, prove it out for lumbago,  see what it can do for sciatica.  No pain-relieving remedy compares  in power to cure  with ' Nervilinc.  Largest sale _ in  Canada of any liniment for nearly  forty years. The  reason is plain. It satisfies every  lime.  The large 50 cent family size bottle  is more economical than the 25 cent  trial size. Sold by dealers everywhere,  or the Catarrhozonc Co., Kingston,  Canada.  Railroad Men Enlist  Over Six Thousand Railway Employees in Canada in Volunteer Army  Of the 20 clerks in the C. P. R.  offices at Calgary, 16 enlisted when  the war broke out. Some of them  have got promotion; some hayc been  wounded; but the spirit they displayed  has been noticed-rh the/western press.  Indeed, the railway men of the country have clone nobly in responding to  the call. In England over 200,000'railway men are at the front; in Canada,  possibly 6,000 in all have ,gone forward���������a splendid record considering  our railways and general population.  The result of such depletion is found  in thegrcater number of female clerks  employed ��������� n the Dominic-:*-.. We .do  not sec, as they sec without surprise  in the Mother Land, 'ousands of wo-:  men doing the outside work on the  railways���������dressed.ii. overalls, many of  them, cleaning engines, cleaning stations, acting-as portcrj and wheeling  barrows, acting as ticket agents and  telegraph opcratoro. Wc will hardly  come to that; but ������������������the value of women  in the clerical domain has gone up  very'"appreciably"indeed. It is urged  in England that the women wear  men's attire for greater convenience  in many"of the avocations they pursue. Many have not waited, for the  discussion in the press anent the matter, but have voluntarily parted with  external feminity. The situation is  not so acute with us, but the call, in  all clerical departments is for female  clerks.  The Bayard of the Turks  Turkish Commander Who Has Shown  Himself to be a Gentleman  Apart from the courage and persistence with which the defence of  Kut was conducted by General  Townshcnd, the most notable feature  of the siege has undoubtedly been the  chivalrous attitude of the . Turkish,  commander, Nur-cd-Dcn. The maiiy  storics which have been told of him  may be apocryphal, but they appear  to be founded on some basis of fact.  At one lime he was saicl-to have proposed a truce while the Turks and  English might together attack the  marauding Arabs who have played  havoc among the forces of cither side  and have behaved with incredible brutality to those wounded who have fallen into their hands. On another occasion he was reported to have driven  a herd of cattle into the;bclcagured  town. These and similar tales may be  untrue, but they, illustrate thejeharac--  tcr of a man against whom his enemies have said nothing bitter. -Like  Nazim Pasha and: other Turkish soldiers of .the old school, Nur-ed-Din  has shown himself a erentleman ancl a  sportsman, and the readiness with  which:-he has handed over all the sick  and wounded will ever be remembered to his credit. He has displayed'  none of the. vices of his German allies,  but has fought cleanly and honorably,  and so far as .possible haslchdcayprccl  to restrain the Arabs, fearlessly punishing those who have been caught  disobeying orders.��������� The Times of  India.     *:  Manitoba's Fish  state of Ohio, City of Toledo,  Lucas County, ss.  Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he Is senior  partner of the firm of K. J. Cheney & Co.. doine  business in the City of Toledo, County and State  nforesaid, ancl that said firm will pay the sum of  ONE HUNDRED DOI,I,ARS for each and every  case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Uic use  of HAWS CATARRH CURE*.  FRANK J. CHENEY.  Sworn'. to before  me  and   subscribed in my  fircsencc, this 6th day of December, A.D. 1S86.  A. W. GI.EASON,  (Seal) Notary Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is  taken  internally and  nets through the Wood on the Mucous Surfaces  of the System.   Send for testimonials, free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by all druggists, 75c.v  Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  Sores Heal Quickly.���������Have you a  persistent sore that refuses to heal?  .Then, try Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil  in the dressing. It will stop sloughing, carry *way the proud flesh, draw  out the pus and prepare a clean way  for the new skin. It is the recognized  healer among Oils and myriads of  people can certify that it healed where  other oils failed utterlv.  Professor .l.ounsbury of Yale    is a  foe to the purist and pedant.    On Ii is  summer holiday  the professor gazed  out across the lake one grey and sultry afternoon, and remarked:  "It looks "like rain."  A  pedant  was scaled in  a  rocking  chair nearby.  I     "What  looks  like  rain,  professor?"  j lie chuckled.    "Ha,  lia!  I've got  you  there.    What looks like rain?"  I     "Water,"    Professor l.ounsbury answered, coldly.  Lawyer���������You say you want this  damage suit pushed through with the  utmost speed?  Client���������Exactly. I have a child six  weeks old, and I want the money to  pay his college expenses.  When Asthma Comes do not despair. Turn at once to the help effective���������Dr. J. D. Kcllogg's Asthma  Remedy. This wonderful remedy will  give you the aid you need so surely.  Choking ceases, breathing becomes  natural and without effort. Others,  thousands of them, have suffered as  you suffer but have wisely turned to  this famous remedy and ceased lo  suffer.   Get a package this very day.  The Piscatorial Features of the Lakea  and Streams of Manitoba  The 'waterways, large said small of  Manitoba arc numerous. ' Several of  such possess eligibility to be enumerated as gigantic areas. As an example,  Lake Winnipeg, the ninth largest  body of fresh water in the world, may  be quoted. Few are Manitoba's lakes  and streams in which piscatorial life  is not abundant. A summary of the  finny tribe contained therein is as follows:  Sturgeon arc habitues of the Red  River; occasionally this monarch of  fish life will be '���������'met- with in the As-  siniboinc and major streams. However, the icy waters of Lake Win nip eg  form its chief feeding grounds; at  Black Bear Island a fishery is under  operation, the "catch" being forward-  ed principally to New York and other,  centres of the United States. The  whitcfish abounds in Lakes Winnipeg  and Manitoba." The goldeye is of general distribution; tlie'-perch frequents  waters within northern provincial confines. Few lakes and streams do not  contain the sucker, and the black bass  is of liberal quantity in various rivers.  The rock bass is a tenant of the Red  4incl Assiniboine rivers. Within.Avatcr-  ways of muddy surface swims the catfish, a species devoid of scales and  spoken of in the United States as the  northern salmon. 'It ;is not, possible  to catalogue he dog fish as fitting fof  human consumption; this- species_ is ^  utilized by the Indian as bait for pike "  of the larger size. Authentic record  of the eels' appearance in Manitoba  is not obtainable; the claim is made  that specimens of this reptilian water  inhabitant formerly tenanted the lower reaches of ihc Pembina. A few  streams contain' ray or sunfish; the  pike or jackfis_h is indigenous to all  waterways.  Under the Department of Marine  ancl Fisheries, lakes and streams of  Manitoba arc preserved from piscatorial depletion. An open season of.  stated length is provided for* net fisheries of Lake Winnipeg ancl major  waters. In accordance with his Right3  of Treaty, the Indian inhabitant is  privileged to obtain fish by any process within the waterways of the Reservations.���������J. D. A. Evans.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  A Word of Friendly Advice  Canada has a committee in the  United- States selecting- and negotiating for the services of expert" in railway investigation who can co-operate  in 'he coming thorough-going study  of the Dominion's transportation  problems. A word of friendly advice  may be permissible, in the light of experience on the"southern side of the  border. It does not folio .v, because a  man is a university professor and a  laiccpsm -Iwhichku. w( kkcblisMcha  specialist in transportation problems,  or in- corporation securities, that he  is incorruptible, or a friend of popular rights.    The  record of the fight  of the present generation against priv-      Millers Worm Powders arc not suiv  ilegcd business  in thc^ United  States'passed by any. other preparation as a  vermifuge or worm destroyer. Indeed,  "What is the man charged with?"  asked the Magistrate. "Dynamite!"  was the unanimous reply of the six  policemen who had made the arrest.  ���������Tit-Bits. * ,  shows that technical knowledge has  to be supplemented by honesty of  character.���������Christian Science ..Monitor.  Of the Same Class.���������"They say," remarked the spinster boarder, "that the  woman who hesitates is lost."  "Lost is not the proper word for it,"  growled the -"ussy old bachelor at the  pedal extremity of the table. "She's  extinct."���������Philadelphia Ledger.  A Female Military Officer  . Mendicant���������Sir,  I  have     paralysis,  six  children  to   support,  my  wife  is  Taliana  Kaldikhina,   who  has  been i sic,k a"d V,C f1��������� r*1-)0l*.t to ������?���������iis,pos^c.s,~  scd.    Stalled   Motorist���������Piffle!     Did  you ever    try to  run   a  second-hand  automobile?  W.     N.     (J,     1117  "Has the scientific study made much  difference in your boy, Josh?"  "Not as tnnch-n<* yem "might think,"  replied Fanner Corntossel. "Out in  the garden he calls everything bv its  botanical name. But when lie's si'ltin'  up lo the table, passin' his plate, lie's  careful to use the kind of words as  wc all understand."-���������Waslinglon Star.  promoted to the grade of undcr-offi-  eer in the Russian army, was at tlie  cud of 1914 a pupil in a girls' college  in Astrakhan. She applied to the military authorities for permission to  serve in the army, and after many  attempts she was sent to the front.  As she was able to speak German her  presence was very-, useful during  scouting expeditions. A short time  ago she received the Order of St.  George of the fourth degree and some  time later for her heroism in a reconnaissance under fire she was awarded  the cross of the third degree. Recently she was wounded in tlie leg bv  shrapnel and is now in a hospital.  Scarcity of feed and low prices for  poultry in  the fall  oF"1914 caused a  thinning    out in flocks  in Manitoba,!  and this reduction was not made good;  last year,   As a result Manitoba's egg!  production was less last spring tlian  il was two years ago,  Judge-���������This man was a stranger to  you! Then why did you pick a fight  wilh him? Kelly���������All me friends is  away on their vacations!  there arc few preparations that have  the merit that it has to lecommcnd it.  Mothers, aware of its excellence, seek  its aid at the itsrfiiadncIDOhen,gh  its aid at the first indication of the  presence of worms in their children,  knowing that it is a perfectly trustworthy medicine that will give immediate and'asting relief.  More than twenty creameries we'ra  in operation throughout the- past  winter in Manitoba, ancl none of the  city dairies found it necessary to import any milk or sweet cream. From  the opening of spring to June 10th,  seven cars of creamery butter wcra  shipped out of Manitoba.  ilk  Ckocolaie  Dainty chocolate pieces, out ot the run of ordinary milk chocolate, containing ft real flavor of rich,  creamy milk and the finest cocoa beans well  blended.  Sold everywhere,  Made iji Canada.  A-lfl  mmBBBSBBBBB&B&������Bfflmm //  m  ��������� u  SHE   SUN, .JSRAND   FOEES4 -jBLC,  GEN. ROBERTSON   ON SOME PHASES   OF THE WAR  \J  Expresses High Appreciation   of the   Splendid   Fighting   Spirit  And Well Organized Canadian Armies, Which Have  Demonstrated the' Quality  of  Manhood    0' :   "No, wc really are not woiried by  the course of the war," said General  Sir William R. Robertson, chief ol  the imperial staff, tit army headquarters, in an interview with Ihc Associated Press.  "As to, the new offensive, a glance  at the map' will tell the slory of our  progress. Ancl the happy ��������� expression  of our wounded soldiers from the  front reflects the spirit of the men.  Do you notice that all published  photographs show them smiling or  laughing?"  The general himself smiled as he  spoke; nevertheless, his manner  subtly conveyed his realization of the  fact that he was breaking the silence  he had maintained so rigidly since ihc  beginning of the war. He received  the correspondent while seated at a  table in the war. office, within a few  feet of the wire which permits him,  with the aid of maps ancl the constantly arriving messages, to direct  the moves in the conflict in France.  Thc< room is in keeping with the  character of .he man. It is furnished  with such spartan simplicity that the  table, charts ancl map rack arc the  only  articles  of  furniture.  "Our hearts were touched by the  ready response of our fellow Britishers from overseas on the outbreak of  the war," the general continued. "To  say wc arc proud of these men underestimates our sentiments. If the manner in which these sturdy sons of Australia, New Zealand, South Africa,  Canada and our gallant .little Newfoundland came forward with their  thousands surprised the enemy, their  valor and gallantry in battle were a  revelation  to the world."  "We have come to. feel that our  type of government is, not so bad after all. Yes, they arc still coming,  and, while it is hard to single out  particular parts of the- empire,- tlie  Canadians can learn again through  you our* high appreciation of their  splendid fighting spirit and well-organized armies. At Ypres, Festubert  and -many other 'closely contested  ' engagements: they demonstrated;'the  high type of. vigorous manhood produced in. the new world."  The subject of general speculation  as to how long the war would last  caused the general to shake his head  and "smile.  "That is a question touching human  nature, which means dealing with a  dubious proposition," he said. "None  is wise iii this."  Referring to the complimentary references by military experts to the  work of the big British guns and the  use of cavalry in the offensive, Sir  William remarked: "The work of the  guns interests us not only because of  the organization required to produce  them, but on account of the careful  training which is necessary before the  gunners are proficient. Scientifically  accurate gunnery is required in this  war probably as never before. The  necessity of firing over the heads of  advancing infantry of one's own side  makes it so, and it is necessary that  troops thus advancing .have perfect  confidence in the gunners."  The Demand for Livestock  Jewish Trade in New York Takes 10,-  000 Head Weekly  The demand for pure bred cattle  is increasing rather than diminishing,  and many were the sales at both  Calgary and Edmonton. In fact the  demand goes on all the lime. In ten  days the fiim* c: YTilc and Howes  sold nearly $7,000 worth of pure  bred shorthorns. Eleven head went  to T. B. Ralph, Elnora,'Alia., and  twelve to George Field, of Hutton.  Field is a new beginner and has  chosen shorthorns with which to try  his luck. Three head went to G. W.  Gillcs of Gadsbury, Alta. One six  months old bull brought $400 aud  the 2-year-old bull, less fancifully  bred, $500." The Glcngarnock Aberdeen herd sold several head also at  very fancy prices.  Hon. Duncan Marshall has brought  into Alberta 74 head of choicely bred  Shorthorns, among them, King of  Diamonds, a son of Gainsford Marquis. This bull is 3 years old ancl  his dam was Mildred, one of the famous cows of the Watt herd. Mr.  Marshall paid the tidy sum of $1,000  for him lo George Anderson of Bou-  gour, Ont.-Anothcr choicely bred bull  is Spicy Sultan, a son of Superb Sul-  lan.  At the experimental farm at La-  combe, some very interesting feed  experiments arc being carried on.  There used to be an old saying that  it took 30 acres of range grass to  feed a steer, but Supt. ''Hutton has  proved that this is absurd. Last year  he. fed 106 head of cattle on 620 acres  of only prairie sod. Nothing had  been done to this .section, except to  fence it. These cattle gained on grass  alone, an average of 358 pounds each.  After securing this gain on grass  they were finished on grain ancl marketed the present spring. When it  is remembered how many.1'hundreds  of thousands of-acres of good pasture  is yearly - left to ��������� rot in the summer  in ."the west, it is possible to get at  least a glimpse of the economic waste  which is constantly going on. Mr.  Hutton is pasturing thesame section again this year, but with a  smaller number of cattle.. There had  been no cattle on it prior to 1915, but  the number on ihc section at;- it  pretty closely and he aims to give  it.lime- to recuperate. .  Speaking of the fattening ancl marketing of cattle, a recent visitor to  the large stockyards "in the South  reports that 90 per cent, of the cattle  going  on   these  markets    at   the  New Serbian Army  Force of-100,000 Brought From Corfu to Saloniki Without Loss of  a Man  The Rcuter correspondent at Saloniki writes of the succssful transport of  the Serbian army from Corfu lo Saloniki:  "The Allicsjiave another wonderful  feat to their credit. Over 100,000 men  have been brought through seas infested wtih submarines, with never a  mishap or the loss of one man. It is  an astounding performance, especially if wc take .into onsidcralion the  means the enemy undoubtedly possessed of knowing all about every departure ancl the zeal with which the  Austrian U boats, particularly, must  have sought the prize of a transport.  But in' spite of their vigilance ancl  their daring and their ruthlessncss  they have not been able to interfere  with the slcady flow of troops which  has poured into Saloniki regularly,  methodically and uneasingly.  "The vessels liave been entirely  French transports, and great praise is  due to skippers and crews for the  manner iu which they have accomplished their duties, but both French  and Serbians' gladly and gratefully  recognize that their achievement  would uot have been possible without  the British navy; that only the constant vigil and unceasing patrolling of  our warships has made these Medilcr-'  ranean seaways clear ancl safe.  "Ovcr'a hundred thousand Serbians  arc now encamped on the plains .and  in the valleys somewhere near Saloniki. A fine lot of men they arc. Perhaps it has been a case of .the survival of the fittest, but these tall,  thick-set fellows show no traces of  the hardships and sufferings of the  retreat and exposure in Albania. Four  months' recuperation in Corfu has  sloughed away all marks of sickness,  toil and privation. These Serbian soldiers look fit to go anywhere ancl do  anything. . Ancl the i.icn are as eager  as they are fit. It is a new-born army  and entirely rc-cquipped with new  French! and British uniforms; the  men look exceedingly smart and soldier-like. Very proud arc they of  their new clothes^ especially of the;  general service buttons on the British  uniforms.-It speaks well for the moral  stamina of a people that can conic  through such - trials without _ losing  courage or becoming embittered.  These soldiers are as confident as  though the cragic past were not, or  had never been. Artless, good-natured  and genuine their faith in their great  Allies is implicit". They are sad Avh.cn  they think of their homes in Serbia  and of the-women aucl children thcy  havc left behind. Few have heard  anything from their families for over  six months. But there is a grim determination about them ancl an enthusiasm at the thought of an advance on their enemies.  "Visitors arc made very welcome at  a Serbain camp. The whole talent of  the regiment is mobilized in order to  entertain the guests. The Serbians are  a musical people, ancl some of the- soldier choruses were very stirring even  though the martial words were uot  understood. At one camp, where I  messed the other day several of the  MINDS   OF  MASSES   LIFTED   TO   HIGHER   VISIONS  Influence  of the  War on   the  People  of Russia Has Been Far  Reaching,  and Never Before Have   Russians Shown  Such  an  Eagerness to do Public Service    o  .  A Hero of France  A Visible Symbol of All That France  Has Suffered in the War  But it is General Gouraud who  more than anyone else perhaps has  touched the sentiment and the imagination of the army. This is due in  some measures no doubt to the pathos of his figure. In Gallipoli he lost  his right arm and had both legs broken, and as he limps rapidly along the  parade, leaning heavily upon a slick,  lie looks like the visible symbol of  all that France has suffered in these  tremendous days. But much more  than the physical appeal is the spiritual appeal of a personality of extraordinary sweetness and strength that  looks out through the bluest eyes 1  have seen with a candor,' a comprehension, and a sympathy that are  strangely moving. "I seem to see all  Africa in those wonderful eyes," said  a French officer to me, referring to  the fact that it was in Maurclania  and Morocco that Gouraud made his  rcpulatiton. But there is more, than  Africa there. It is the soul of France  that looks out from those eyes���������the  soul of a nation which is measuring  its passion for humanity against the  passion of might.���������A.G.G., in London News.  present time arc either of Pol cd mCn had really first class voices, ancl  breeds or have been de-horned. This)onc soiclier who accompanied himself  adds emphasis to, the recent state- on thc vioIin had a..tenor voice that  ment in these columns as to the im- would secure him an engagement on  porlance of dehorning stock. Also 40| any stage.    what everybody most cn-  Thc manager of a big department  store is having every employee take  swimming lessons before the employee is permitted to have a vacation, There's a sensible 'd.a. B.it  excellent as making people learn .o  swim is, it scams lo us to b- a mora  excellent thing not to aliow *hcm to  learn to swim, too well. Mr. Dahon,  a "crack" himself, says: "It is the  crack swimmer that goes down. He  takes too many chances. In thc  death of that little Miss Hoc thc other  day there are several lessons. Do not  play at wanting help. Do not run  risks. Do not enter contests.. Swim  quietly and always safely."���������New  York Globe.  per cent, of the stock offered in this  way was finished'at 24 months of age.  While offerings of what might relatively be termed "baby beef" arc  large, there is a heavy demand, especially in"New York, for big steers.  About 10,000 head of cattle arc killed  on that market weekly for the orthodox Jewish trade. There are a million  orthodox Jews in thc city of New  York.. Thc* Jews only cat thc fore-  quarter, ancl the hind quarters, loins  ancl rounds go to the high-class hotel and restaurant trade. As this supplying -of thc Jewish population of  New Ylork is steadily on thc increase,  there will continue to be a demand  for cattle weighing * 1,500 to 1,700  pounds.  An item which western producers  of feeder cattle might well ponder  is lhat a bunch of feeder cattle  bought on thc_ Winnipeg yards last  year at $6.25 per cwt. was taken  down to Omaha and fed there, and  ultimately shipped to thc Chicago  market and sole] there thc first week  of July at $11.25 per cwt. This is the  highest spread on record between fall  and spring prices. Also it might be  remarked that it was the American  feeder that got this money and noli  the Canadian shipper.  joys, however, is the dance, the famous hora of thc Balkans. It is very  simple as far as steps go, but it is  good to see ".th*. good-fellowship between officers and men as they join  hands in the huge semi-circle which  slowly to rhythm ancl measure revolves on the green. Then there were  recitations and instrumental solos; we  heard thc gika, a national instrument  very like thc Scottish pipes, but cruder and without the drone of'thc pibroch. It was difficult seeing these  men in holiday mood, to realize that  each and every one of them had been  more than once wounded and that thc  commanding officer had actually been  wounded nine limes; that they had  been lighting almost continuously for  four years; that they had been  through scenes and experiences thai  might excusably have shattered the  nerves and broken thc bodies of the  strongest. Yet here they were enjoying themselves as simply ancl  wholc-heariedlv as children."  "War is not al all bad," Pastor  Charles Wagner, author of "Thc Simple Life," declared lo me in the course  of a Paris interview, December, 1914,  jays a United Press staff correspondent, writing from Petrograd.  Ancl when 1 asked him lo go on  ?.nd explain, he satci:  "Out of this turmoil and slaughter  a few blessing arc bound to emerge,  like, lilies from the sand of a pond,  hor one thing 1 see a return from a  highly material, to a more spiritual  form of* everyday life. For another  1 believe thc minds of thc masses will  be lifted by thc war in a vision of bigger things.  "No man can go through such an  experience and remain the petty creature he was at the beginning. Hz can  not go back to his awl and his last  and pick up bristle and thread just  where he left off.  "War hardens, but war educates;  one must be differenl afterwards;  one must be wiser."  The pastor-philosopher was not  speaking of thc soldiers of France  alone. He included all peoples affcut-  cd by thc. war���������ihc English, the  French, tlie Germans, the Austrians  and thc Russians.  His inference was thai France'will  be a different country after the war.  So will Germany and England and  Russia and all ihc olhers.  Russia is bound to be a new Russia. That is one of the things the  war means to this mighty empire. It  Western Europe will be changed  through this Armgeddon, how much  more se-'will the Europe of the East  where the people are comparatively  young.  These ,-ire the things implied bv  Pastor Wagner.  Russia, in fact, has already changed, already started on the new road.  The .American coming to Russia  expects to find things more- centralized than in France or England. He  expects to see the government working independently^ above and apart  from thc people because in the past  the government has' played the part  of the parent looking after the needs  of the child, or. the people. To- his  surprise he observes nothing of the  kind. Pic finds the Russian people  working .for and with the government.  He discovers two great armies in  the land, one in uniform, under arms,  fighting. The other in plain clothes,  or overalls, at bench and lathe, working. The government's agent, the  general staff, commands both and coordinates their efforts.  Through their Ail-Russian Zemstvo  Brotherly Love of Nations  Why   German   Antipathy   Is Shown  More Against Britain Than  France or Russia  Apparently thc Germans have dc������  cided that if they must be licked they  would rather be licked by the French  than by thc British. They are still  "strafing" England. This does not  mean, by any means, that the Germans have come to the conclusion  that they will have to be licked, but  merely that they will take no chances.  That must be the meaning of their  operations against thc drive oi thc  allies on the western front. Paris  as well as London, says that the  Germans arc making a more desperate resistance to the British offensive than they* are to the French  offensive, that they arc opposing it  with more guns ancl more men, and  they are directing    their rein-  that  torccments to that part of the front.  In both capitals this explanation is  given of the greater progress made  by the French.  This German antipathy to ��������� Great  Britain is also disclosed, no doubt  unwillingly, in thc Berlin official announcements. It is a feeling that is  easily explained. But for Great  Britain Germany's task would have  been comparatively easy. First the  British navy, next British financial  resources, and >.stly British soldiers  and munitions have been the ' chief  obstacles to Germany's military success. They have blocked her at  every stage of the war, and now they  threaten to turn the tide of battle  against her. It is hardly to be wondered at that Germany is quite willing to have God punish England, although .'the circumstances can hardly  justify such heathenish expressions of  hate"as arc contained in Ernst Lis-  sauer's notorious ���������< verses.���������Hartford  Courant.  The Puzzled German People  The   people   of    Germany  arc   beginning to get angry with their rulers    because    of the privations they  are forced to endure. '.  The rulers arc in an awkward position. They have made the people  believe that Germany has won victories on land and sea, and thc'people begin to think it is time the victorious kaiser should stop thc war  and rest content, having gained Belgium, a large part of France, a good  deal of Poland, and the mastery of  the sea.  How is Berlin to tell the German  people that all these boasted victories amount to nothing���������that thc  " ' " '   d  The Greatest Asset of Democracy  Thc grcalcst contribution (it says)  that Great Britain has made to the  war is not thc number of men she has  put in the field, or the munitions she  has turned out, or thc ships- which  b.'ive sailed the seas, but the unbroken front, solidarity, a stubborn tenacity of thc nation as a whole. That  is a true picture of the English  which every one knows instinctively  to be true. Thc confusion is in technique, and that is unimportant.  There arc nations that might run the  war better, but there is not one lhat  could be more trusted to win the v-n  war, and that, after all, is the thing  that counts. To be sure of this you  have only to consider what would  happen to the Allies if England deserted them, and what England  would do if the Allies deserted her.  She would go on alone, as she has  been known lo do before. England  denouncing herself as inefficient is  yet thc greatest moral asset of democracy in Europe.���������New vork  Times.  Unthreshcd Grain For Poultry  One of the best ways wc have  found lo give our hens interesting  exercise in the winter time is lo supply them with unthreshcd grain in  the sheaves. Oats, wheat and rye  are all  excellent   :.*-"  this  purpose.  Wc always  store  away  enough   in  the   autumn   so   that   wc   can   supply  one or more bundles lo every twc.i-'  ty-five fowls each day thai they havej  to   be  confined   to   thc  house  during:  the  winter.    The    pleasure    and   ox-j  erase they get  in  scratching for the'  grains,  nad  hulling   them,   stimulate!;,  j both   health    and     egg-production  R.B.S., in Successful Farming.  hand, collaborating with thc government and army for thc good of. thc  country at large and for victory.  Never before have thc people  shown such an eagerness to do public service and never before have they  displayed such an aptitude for it.  No one here makes any secret of  these filings. I have talked to main-  people high and low and thc fact's  which I'have attempted to set down  in this series of articles arc recognized as showing the new trend in  Russia.  "War hardens, but war educates,"  said Wagner. And it "lifts ihc minds  of thc masses to higher visions."  One can e** it working out here in  Russia, evci' with thc naked eye. The  people iu.v demanded to be" put to  work for lb', public good. Jobs have  been given them, they have set to  work and already they love it.  md they will have to be told the  truth very soon. One leading German paper hints at it in saying that  the Allies will offer Germany no  pcaccbut a shameful one." And such  as it is Germany must in the end accept it. Thc people will have to be  told.���������Toronto Star.  Our Naval Heroes  These men have died for us and fo������  all who exist, behind the shelter of  thc Fleet, under the ample folds of  the British flag. They have met death  as thcy^ prepared by years of strenuous training to meet it whenever the-  hour should strike, and-the memory  of their courageous end in face of the  foe will be revived whenever, in fuller knowledge, thc slory of this battle  is recalled in aftcr���������ycars. Thc ships  wc could spare, though their disappearance represents a decrease of our  strength; they arc not a serious, and  Soldiers  as   Good Citizens it;crl:!il,1-v.i" ������������ scnsc ������ vitui-Ioss-Thc  ���������deaths ot  officers and men represent  ' la disaster, for they cannot be replaced.  How   the   Ironsides in the  Time  of j They_ have made thc great and final  Cromwell Returned to Peace 'sacrifice, their personal history hencc-  T .... . jiorth to be incorporated in the pages  n   connetion   with   the  position   of ;0f thc glorious record of British sea-  soldters   alter   thc  war,    it   is   inter-  power,    by    which     thc  empire was  a can lays  tribute  to j created, and by which it exists todav,  who   fought    under ji,.   strength  renewed by the verv in-  troops    arc.flurncc of the    war.���������London    Tclc-  esting  to   read   i  the   old   soldiers  Oliver  Cromwell  now disbanded,  accustomed      to  Why Prussia Makes War  The  war  of   1866  was  entered  ino    troops    arc  Fifty  thousand  men! graph,  thc     profession   of  jarms.   wen.-   at   once   thrown   on   the  j world: and experience seemed to war-  1 rant the belief that this change would  iproduce   misery  and   crime,   that   the  discharged   veterans   would   be    seen  begging in  every street, or that they;as  would be driven  But no  on, i months  Let No Mistake Be Made  Viewed from the stand-point not o\  the immediate present, but of the unknown future, thc position is as grave  ( my  which     has    confronted    the  ���������y hunger to pillage, j world. Every ship_that sinks bench result followed. In a fcw|neath thc water raises the price of  there  remained  not    a  trace   the necessaries of life in every couu-  not because tho existence    of Prussia j that the most formidable army in the | try  on   cither  side of    the    Atlantic.  threatened, or in obedience  to j world   had   been   absorbed   into    the j With every man, woman, or child who  iblic  opinion   and   the voice of   the j ways of tho community.    The Royal-; is  assassinated   thc security    of    the  people���������it was a struggle, long fore- j ists    themselves     confessed     that   in ! whole human family is lessened. That  seen and calmly prepared for, rccog-j every  department of .honest  industry i i-:   the situation,    If il be evaded to-  thc said e.".-rc.-id'-;its were exemplary j day, the terrible penalty must be paid  bey..;nd oilier men, that none were' tomorrow, il is not for us to at-  chargc.d with any theft or robbery,; tempt lo dictate lo neutral peoples  that none was heard to ask for alms, j bow they should think and act in this  and that if a baker, a ina*on, or a ! emergency. Let no mistake be made  wagoner attracted attention by his I  diligence and sobriety,  he was in all!  liizcd as a necessity by the cabinet,  not for territorial aggrandisement or  material advantage, but for an ideal  ancl���������the establishment of power. Not  a foot of land was exacted from conquered Austria, but she had to renounce all part in the hegemony- of  Germany.��������� From Aloltke's "History  of thc Franco-German War").  ���������seeds  arc  now being sown  by thc  '-���������������������������my in thc oceans whih may spring  probability, one of Oliver's old sold-1 up  in  the  years  to  come and choke  -���������'= " -*; ilL-ation.���������London Telegraph.  lcr **muii iwr>i������BUAMiA.->Mia#ir������'rvw ���������**-.���������  THE   SUN.    GRANL    FORKS,    B.C.  , W. H. Setvell, of Phoenix, who  enlisted in this city, was reported  in last Friday's casualty list as  wounded,  A cablegram has been received  this city stating that Lieut. William  Walker has been wounded in  France. Mr. Walker was principal  of the high school in this city when  he enlisted. Forover a year he was  an instructor at Shorneliffe. He  went to the front about two months  Lord Thomas Sbaughnessy and a  large party of other C.P.R. officials  passed through the city last Thursday for the coast.  Rev. R. D. Porter, J. H'. Wilcox,  Wm. McMillan a'nd several other  Greenwood men left for Vernon on  Monday to join the army medical  corps.  More recruits are wanted for the  225th battalion at Vernon.  Clean up the garden as the crops  are harvested. It improves the ap-  pearnce and helps .prevent the  spread of disease or pests.  Sergt.   R.   Campbell   returned   to  Vernon on Sunday.  R. L. Miles, of C-irmi, and Mrs.  Barnum, of this city, were married  last Thursday at the Methodist parsonage by Rev. J. D. Hobden:  W. S. Cook, C. H. Knight, Geo.  Barnes and A. A. White, all of  Phoenix, have enlisted.  The Greenwood smelter will be  running another 'furnace next  month if the coke situation continues to improve.  Aid. Geo. Rogers and Miss Nellie  Ingram, both of Phoenix, were married by Rev. M. D. McKee in tnis  city on Thursday last.  F. W. McLaine, of Greenwood,  has sold his business to E. Foyle  Smith and enlisted.  More vegetables reach maturity  in September than in any other  month. The surplus of tomatoc.-:,  corn, peas, beans, etc , should be  canned.  Ore is being shipped from Butte  to the Trail smelter.  Rock Creek will hold  a fair next  month.  The soldiers now in the city on  harvest leave wili return to Vernon  on the first of next month.  IUiM  Issue of $100,000,000 5% Bonds Maturing 1st October,  1931.  PAYABLl.. AT   PAR "AT  " OTTAWA. HALIFAX,  ST. JOHN, CHARLOTTETOWN, MONTREAL, TORONTO, WINNIPEG,  REGINA. CALGARY, VICTORIA.  INTEREST PAYABLE HALF-YEARLY,  1st APRIL, 1st OCTOBER.  PRINCIPAL AND   INTEREST PAYABLE IN GOLD.  1  2  A FULL HALF-YEAR'S INTEREST WILL BE PAID ON 1st APRIL, 1917.  THE PROCEEDS OF THE LOAN WILL BE USED FOR WAR PURPOSES ONLY.  The Minister of Finance offers herewith, on behatf of  the Government, thc above named Bonds for subscription  payable as follows:���������  10 per cent on application;  30      " "   16th October, 1916;  30      " " . 15th November, 1916;   ���������  at 97*  27^  15th December, 1916.  ___��������� Tlio total allotment of bonds of thisussue will be limited  iirl to one hundred million dollars exclusive of   the   amount  ������ " (if any) paid for by the surrender of bonds as the equiva-  _~_ lent of cash under thc terms of the War Loan prospectus  Ej= of 22nd November, 1915.  gg The instalments may be paid in full on the 16th day  E~ of October, 1.916, or on any instalment due date thereafter,  :rs under discount at the rate of four per cent per annum.  j~~ All payments are to be made to a chartered bank for tho  . EE credit  of the Minister of Finance.    Failure to pay any  ������__ instalment when due will render previous payments liable  ������~j to forfeiture and the allotment to cancellation.  iz������ Subscriptions, accompanied by a deposit of ten per cent  __z\ of the amount  subscribed,  must be forwarded  through  ������~ the medium of a chartered bank.    Any branch in Canada  ������2 of any chartered bank will receive subscriptions and issue  eS provisional receipts.  ���������>t<--*  E-f ' This loan is authorized under Act of the Parliament of  E| Canada, and both principal and interest will be a charge  ������5: upon tlfe Consolidated Revenue Fund.  H������ Forms of application may be obtained from any branch  sEi in Canada of any chartered bank and at the office of any  =������ Assistant Receiver General in Canada.  ���������������5 Subscriptions must be for even hundreds of dollars.  jH2 In case of partial allotments the surplus deposit will be  -������S -- applied towards payment of the amount due on the October  SSi instalment.  p= Scrip certificates, non-negotiable or payable to bearer in  ���������ili accordance with the choice of the applicant for registered  E5 or bearer bonds, will be issued, after allotment, in exchange  __*_��������� for the provisional receipts.  Is When the scrip certificates have been paid in full and  E������ payment  endorsed   thereon  by  the  bank  receiving  the  zd money, they may be exchanged for bonds, when prepared,  ���������������-: with coupons attached, payable to bearer or registered as  to principal, or for fully registered bonds, when prepared,  without coupons, in accordance with the application.  Delivery of scrip certificates and of bonds will be made  through the chartered banks.  Thc issue will be exempt from taxes���������including any  income tax���������imposed in pursuance of legislation enacted  bj'-the Parliament of Canada.  The bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations  of $100, S500, $1,000. ���������   Fully registered  bonds without'  coupons will be issued in denominations of $1,000, $5,000  or any authorized multiple of $5,000.  The bonds will be paid at maturity at par at the office  of thc Minister of Finance and Receiver General at Ottawa  or at the office of the Assistant Receiver General at Halifax  St. John,  Charlottetown,  Montreal,  Toronto,   Winnipeg  Regina, Calgary, or Victoria.  The interest on the fully registered .bonds will be paid  by cheque, which will be remitted b}' post. Interest on  bonds with coupons will be paid on surrender of coupons.  Both cheques and coupons will be payable free of .exchange  at any branch in Canada of any chartered bank.  Subject to the payment of twenty-five cents-for each  new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without  coupons will have the right to convert into bonds of the  denomination of $1,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds  with coupons will have the right to convert into fully  registered bonds of authorized denominations without  coupons at any time on application to the Minister of  Finance.  The books of the loan will be kept at the Department  of Finance, Ottawa.  Application will be made in due course for the listing of  the issue on the Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchanges.  Recognized bond and stock brokers will be allowed a  commission of one-quarter of one per cent on allotments  made in respect of applications bearing their stamp,  provided, however, that no commission will be allowed  in respect of the amount of any allotment paid for by the  surrender of bonds issued under the War Loan prospectus  of 22nd November, 1915. No commission will be allowed  in respect of applications on forms which have not been  printed by the King's Printer.  || Subscription Lists will close on or before 23rd September, 1916. ys  ������=������    Department of Finance, Ottawa, September 12th, 1916. ~r  lillllllHIIIilliM^  *u������c>--j!.Mr%t:  scsarxitx: ^jasvs * jct*zjt*z<o**-'  There will be  no lair   in   Green  wood this 3'ear.  TH  AT!  sT  And now is the time to think of  summer wearables. We can supply  your Wants, and, remember, all at lied need  Prices, so naturally it is to. your advantage to  do your shopping here.  Men's Summer Fursiisfmgs f0veXk^l  man cool and comfortable even during the approaching hot weather. Light weight summer  underwear, outing shirts, cashmere, worsted and  cotton socks.  Ready!   Men's Smart Suits ^IZ  young men, made of fine worsteds, mohairs, cheviots and summer serges. Latest style and workmanship.   It's natural you should want tiie best.  B        F I        Let  us  fill your, grocery orders for the  ataDleS  coming   month.     Good    sroods.    Good  goods.  service.    Low prices. Prompt delivery,  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  Three men wp.tp sent up tn th*-'  Pathfinder mine this week to do  develf-piii-'ni  work.  LAND ACT  Similkameen  Lund    District, District  of   Vale.  TAKK NOTION: thar II-iIum-I* Ritchie,  of     C'ise-i'le,     |>.     (.'. .    occupation  tanner,  intend*" to   ; 11.t>IV   for   permis  sion   to   purchase   tin:   i'uilowing    de  I scribed lands;     ('oniiii'.'te.-int; at a post.  i planted at or near   tin1 S !*]. corner of  part af Lot ���������l'.)S (no*v owned    by   An  drew  VVHlev); iheriee   east.   o2S   feet;  thence   north   990   feet;   tlienee west,  528   feet;   thence;   south 990   feet   to  point of commencement  KOMKItr RITCHIE,  Applicant.  Dated July 20th,   1910.  J. E. W. Thompson', of Phoenix.  M P.P. for Grand Forks riding, was*  11 visitor in the city on Sunday.  Cecil Andrews, who came back  to the city to vote hist Thursday,  returned to Trail this week.  Pouitrymen  Improve Your Flocks  i  j For Sale���������Fifty S.U.White  ! Leghorn   Cockerels.    Bred  [ for   egg   production   only.  I Your choice at $2.00 each.  I       J. A. c^WcCALLUM,  CHAM) FORKS, 15. (,'.  1 ������  4  ���������  ���������  ������  4  SENT TO YOU FROM      ENGLAND  YOU can have cither of these hit cat London  iN'.vel'ie- sent to ynu from England  ite'urn Mail,    Thousands of other tisef  1 nicies vou can obtain in the same way.  Everyone in England and in the IJritial-  Aniiy and Navy is wearing a    >^v  PROTEOTED     m  TO-DAY  That's all we ask you  to send now, iirnl ,vnn  ciin pay   tlie   b-la ���������  wlien  von   leoeive  tlie  tvuteli���������������lool< ut t la- Ih'iiii-  ilful   .le-Pf;n-it!-  lielih  connived I'ltai-o mi'l I'l'iii-  (1 1 iiitaii.il rlliil���������it. if a w "Hi-  fi  iflll   tt'tllfill -   Ii   will   ������������������".  trm. Mini1 for   O.veaiti ill an> ell-  mate���������it Ii     Ininlno'ii:- liainl-   winch  S Ii       tl        tie   In I lie  (lurk, MHO J lie  '������ onh 45/"     It 11 a I ��������� f_I��������� rliisn -i-rg'-nliitioii wiiIHi  Xailv   or  1   Gentleman    ��������� Wri'e   for   one   i> ���������������.  . nslnl Order value B/- anil pny luiliu ������r 40 - it' O I .  Catalogue rif a tlioumnd oilier useful novtlii- po-i free.  WAR   SOUVENIR   UrMW  A new VVnr.di'-ij.'ii, tin- iil"i of >������������������ im*  Kiii.'li->li LiidiitH, the *.'���������'���������'"(' ii*.'w |>"|>imii'  fiiHhion, Naval Aiiclior do-do-n i-ii;.<rav. il w\  any wording nol exceeding 12 lei i-im. hk'1.  (VH���������" Loir from Tfil," '</(��������������� In Ainu,"  "Tomtit Mnfhcr." Il-ill-nni, ked Si I \ or, ������.</������������������  Gold, 16/-. Pout free loany )>->��������� i of the *vmii.i  j   CVTAUOG'Jl  | Ma$TE������S, Lto.. Watchmakers. SW, f  '$.  EHtaliUuliecl  W<0  )  V


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