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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 15, 1916

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 ,to  at'yeiXibrarv  \^?:l':..';,=: ..7.-. v  V*" ��������� " ' ������/~-    X  \<0  S)  ���������f A  r*  'S?.;V  and  Kettle Valley Crchardist  ���������*iV  /  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No,  7TS  ��������� j  GRAND FORKS, B. C.,-FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  THE LIBERALS GAIN  A SWEEPING VICTORY  Local   Liberal   Candidate Is Elected,by a Big Majority.  " Latest Returns Indicate That. 39 Liberals  and  7  Conservatives Have Been Elected  Locally, the weather was ideal for an election day, and a  result a very heavy vote was polled in this city: There were  some surpris������s. -One of these was the big majority given the  Liberal candidate. The estimates of his most optimistic supporters placed his lead at about 100. This was more than  doubled. As soon as the result of the poll was announced,  Mr. Thompson, the successful candidate, addressed the citizens .in front of the Liberal committee rooms in a brief  speech, in which he thanked them for tho splendid support  they had given him.  Hon. Ernest Miller, the defeated Honservative candidate,  ������**     ������ , '  took the fortunes of war philosophically, and he also made  a short address to the assembled throng in front of the committee .rooms. He said he bore them no ill will for what  they had done, as he felt certain that they had elected a good  representative for the district.  Perhaps the biggest surprise when the ballots were counted was the large majority in favor of the woman's suffrage  referendum'. This was carried by a vote of 288 to 98, thus  giving a majority of 190 for the bill. The vote in the city on  the prohibition act was 279 for and 116 against it, the majority in favor of the act being 163. The vote on these two  measures from the outside .polling places in the riding will  be counted tomorrow morning.  -���������The vote for member at the various polling places in toe riding wad  as follows:  ���������Thompson. Miller  ���������2uy  36  ���������2b  0  11  2  4  6'  NEWS 0FTHEC1TY  James Mather, who has been  foreman of the Great Northern shops  in this city since last March, has  been transferred to Gold Bar, Wash.,  where he will occupy a similar ~po  sition. He left for that place on  Tuesday last R. B. Molt, of Van  couver, who was formerly, foreman  of the shops here, will return to resume his old duties.  Grand Forks  203  Puoemx..  2b'8  Cascade  24  Uarson  10  Fife  24.  Bannock  12  Paulson  4  Gloucester ;  5  .'300  Totals   545  Majorny  245    The returns from other sections of  the province are so incomplete at  present that it is useless to give fig-  ��������� ures in the present issue, it seems  reasonably certain, however, that  tbe following members, with per  haps ii'iew changes, will constitute  the next legislature;  Liberals���������  H. C   Brewster, Alberni.  J. Yorston, Cariboo.  John Buckam, Columbia.  Hugh Stewart, Comox.  Johu Oliver, Dewdney.  Dr. J. H. King, Cranbrook.  A. W. McCurdy, Esquimau.  A. I. Fisher, Femia.  Dr. J. D. McLean, Greenwood.  J. E. Thompson, Grand Forks.  John Keen, Kaslo.  William Sloan, Nannimo.  Parker Williams, Newcastle  David YVbileMtlr, NVw Westmin-  s't r.  A. M   M.msnii. Omineci.  Dr.  Sutherland,   Kevel.-toke.  WD.  Willson, llos.-dand.  G. G. Mc.Geer.  K'chmnud.  8. A. Bauliue, Saanioh.  T. D. Pattulo, Skeena.  Mayor Haines, N. Vancouver.  J. W. Weirt, South  Vancouver.  M.A. Maclonaid, Ralph .Smith,  I'. Donnelly, Dr. Mclnlosli, J. S.  i "owpcr, J W. dcB. Karris, Vancouver.  H. C  Brewster,George Bell, John  Hart, 11. C. Hall, Victoria.  J. VV. Brysnn, Li.lloo'.-t.  Conservatives���������  W. X. McDonald, Atlin.  W. R. Ross, For; George.  Capt. Hay ward, Cowichan.  Lieut. Mackenie, Delta.  Major Foster, Islands.  J. H. Schofield, Trail.  Alex Lucas, Yale  \V   L,-Macken, Cbilliwaek.  J. P. Shaw, Kamloops.  Jones, South Okanagan.  L. VV. Shatford, Similkameen.  .M.A. Macdonald, of   Vancouver,  received  the   highest  vote   of   any  candidate in the province.  Tbe result was so decisive that it  is not thought that the soldier   vote  will alter the election of  any  mem  ber.  The prohibition act and the woman's suffrage referendum have car  ried throughout the province by big  majorities.  The Liberal meeting in the opera  house on - Monday night was well  attended. The speakers were Rev.  J. D. Hobden, who spoke in favor  of the prohibition act; David White  side, formerly a barrister of this city  and this year the Liberal candidate  for New Westminster, and J. E. W.  Thompson, Liberal candidate for  Grand Forks riding.  C. L Bughee, proprietor of the  Imperial billiard parlors, returned  on Saturday from a month's vacation trip to Michigan and northern  New York. He reports having had  an enjoyable trip. The potato crop  in the east, he says, is a total fail  ure owing to a late, wet spring, and  the tubers are now__selling there at  over 82 a bushel. He brought back  with him some Micigan apples,  which he distributed among his  friends.  The Canyon at Cascade, at a  depth of 100 feet, shows , ore  that runs 2 per cent copper, with  good gold and silver values.  A big Conservative meeting was  held in the Empress theatre on  Wednesday evening. The hall was  crowded. E. S. H. Winn, of Ross  land, defended the Liberal cause,  Mr. Thompson addressing an audi  ence in Phoenix on the same night.  For Conservatives, Hon. Ernest  Miller, Conservative candidate for  this constituency, and Hon. Martin  Burreil, federal minister of agricul-  tute, were the speakers.  last Saturday, and is visiting his  parents, Mr. and Mrs. Nathan Taylor.  Ronald Tracy, who some months  ago was severely injured in P. Burns  & IjCo.'s shop in this city, left on  Tuesday lor Calgary, where he has  been tendered a position in the general offices of the Burns company.  Fred Clark returned home on  Saturday, after spending several  weeks in the prairie provinces.  Tbe public school reopened Monday morning for the fall term.  Sergt. W. E. Hadden, of the Vernon camp, visited his family in this  city this week.  A fish screen will ��������� be built'at  Christina lake this fall.  Harry Sibble, the well-known  traveller for books and labor papers,  waB in the cUv this week.  HONOR ROLLS AT  PUBLIC SCHOOL  A. A. Frechette, of this city, has  been granted United States and  Canadian patents for a cattle guard  at railway crossings. United States  manufacturers are very much interested" in the new device.  H. C. Kerman bas returned home  from a two months' trip to Eng  land.  The meeting of the city council  on Monday night was very .short.  Practically the only business trans  acted was to order the payment of  tbe monthly accounts, after which  an adjournment was taken until  next Monday evening.  Ths winners of honor rolls for the  past year at the public school are as  follows:  Bank   of   Commerce    medal   for  highest standing for the year in   Di  vision 1, Annie Anderson.  Honor Rofls for Proficiency���������Annie Anderson, Wilfred Brown,Emile  Painton, Gunner Halle, Frank Wor-  den, James Clark, Mildred Wether-  ell, Bruna Berazowski, Fay Walker,  Honor Rolls for Deportment-  Anna Beran, Rnsa Peterson, Norma  Ericson, Gladys MnLauchlin, Alberta McLeod, Charlotte Luscombe,  Ruth Hesse, Emerson Reid, Earl  Peterson, Cecelia Graham.  Honor Rolls for Regularity of Attendance���������Sarah.McCallum, Eddie  Mcllwainp, Gwennie Mcllwaine,  Lawrence Nichols, Aurena Bamurn,  Vernon Siddall, Edith Coryell,Jean-  nette Reburn, Lavina Crowder,  Francis Latham. Freddie Cooper.  Annie Crosby, Chow Fung, John  Peterson, Janet Stacy, Lewis Wal-  dron, Lola Baker, Annie Marovich,  Clare U'Ren, John Lane.Ruth Lara-  ma, Violet Meikle, Carl Peterson,  Henry Reid, Lucy Teabo, Hazel  Waldron, Paul ������������������ Kingston, Jessie  Allan.  IB  410,000 LBS.  Is Produciug Great Quantities  of Copper at   Smelters  Here and in Anyox  Distribution of Seed  Grain and Totatoes  By instructions of the minister of  agriculture, a distribution of superior sorts of grain and potatoes  will be made during the coming  winter and epjing to Canadian farm  ers. The samples for general distri-  Regular ore shipments are now \ bution will consist of spring wheat  being made from the Union mine i������ ' (abciut 5 pounds), white oats (about  Franklin camp.  Hon. Ernest Miller addreesed the  North Fork electors in the North  Fork school house  Saturday   night.  | He dealt with the legislation affecting the farmers directly as   brought  [ down at the last session of the  provincial house  The Western Pine Lumber company's sawmill on Smelter lake has  , closed down, after a successful season's run. All the logs in the lake  have been cleaned up. The planing  mills are  still operating,   and   will  | continue to do so for  a short   time  yet.  4 pounds), barley (about 5 pounds),  and field pens (about o pounds).  These will be sent out from Ottawa.  A distribution of potatoes in samples of about 3 pounds will be car  ried on from several of the experimental farms, the Central Farm at  Otrawa supplying only the provinces  Ontario and Quebec All samples  will be sent free by mail.  Only one sample of grain and one  of potatoes can be sent to each farm.  As the supply of seed is limited,  farmers are advised to apply early.  Requests received after the end of  December will probably be too late.  Anyone desiring a sample should  write   (post  free)   to   the Dominion  Spokane, Sept. 13.���������The Granby  Mining, Smeling & Power company,  with mines in different parts of  Alaska and British Columbia, together with immense copper smelters at Grand Forks and Anyox, B.  C, is producing an average of  4,000,000 pounds of blister copper  monthly, according to Frank M.  Sylvester, of Vancouver, general  manager, who is in Spokane conferring with local stockholders. He  states that all difficulties of a mining and metallurgical that hampered operations at the Anyox smelter  and Hidden Creek mines during the  first year or so that were in production have been overcome, and conditions now are satisfactory iu every  way.  "In pursuance of the company's  policy of expansion, which contemplates the Anyox smelter and the  Hidden Creek-mines as the nucleus  of an immense industry, we always  are on the lookout for promising  new properties, and in the last year  we have had not less than 100 examined by our engineers," said Mr.  Sylvester. '"'Of our newer proper  ties two now are on a substansial  producing basis. The Midas mine  at Voldez, Alaska, ts shipping to the  smelter at Anyox between 3000 and  4000 tons of ore monthly. The  Mamie mine on wrince of Wales  island, also in Alaska, is shipping  between 4000 and 5000 tons monthly. A number of others are producing on a smaller scale. We are able  to g^t this tonnage moved because  through a subsidiary company we  own and operate pur own fleet of  steamboats.  "The Grand Forks plant put its  seventh furnace in operation last  week. As the Crow's Nest Pass  Coal company now seems to have  overcome its labor troubles and to  be iD a position to keep us supplied  with coke, I anticipate that we shall  soon have the eighth furnace blown  in and be running at full capacity  once more."  METEOROLOGICAL  Member  for Grand  Riding.  Forks      Frank  Taylor, of the   Vancouver Cerealist, Experimental   Farm,   Ot-  lire department, arrived iu the   city 'tavv.i, for an application  blank.  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.  8���������Friday  49  9���������Saturday  39  10���������Sundny  37  11���������Monday  44  12���������Tuesday  43  I'd��������� Wednesday .. 40  14-Thursday  34  Sept.  Max.  60  //  Rainfall.  63  G3  75  72  no  12  Nick Cnprilleo, a young Austrian,  was killed in the Mother Lode mine  at Greenwood on Tuesday. He was  c rushed to death by an ore car.  Dave Oxley will continue to run  the Union hotel nt Eholt. J. A. Mc-  Master \ a.c icturned to Squamis-h.  / THE    SUAT.    GBAND   -FORKS.    B. C  fir-  * ������-iT������*l4*MMHW  -tt.       ,.- "fi--iinmj,nln)fir||Qlj  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLU@  ���������VS3EBIWEXP!  Cost of Naval Fight  Boer  War  Did    Not    Cost    Britain  Twice as Much as the Few Hours'  Battle off Coast of Jutland  Glasgow.���������Jt took the Boer war  ilircc years lo run us in for a bill of  ������100,000,000, yet more than half that  '.tupendous sum was expended in tlie  course of a few hours when thc British and German fleets came into action off thc coast of Jutland on May  Twelve times our daily war expenditure blown away in an afternoon and  evening! That is what modern naval  warfare costs._ A year or two ago wc  grumbled because thc annual expenditure of thc navy was exceeding the  ������50,000,000 limit, now wc think nolh-  . ing of that sum when it.goes in battle  in an hour or two.  It is remarkable how wasteful of  life and money a big naval action is.  A battle cruiser can burn 40 to 50  .pounds worth of fuel in an hour,.and  usually does so when it is at full  speed; it can easily discharge powder  and shell at over ������100 a shot; and if  perchance one of these ������100 shells,  of a ������600 torpedo, or a ������300 mine  should blow it up , it sinks a dead loss  of from a million and a half lo two  million pounds.  In thc loss of ships alone thc\Jut-  lancl coast action ran up a bill of about  ������23,000,000. But what about all those  that were damaged and disabled,  sonic of them most severely? Their  repair bill will reach a total which it  is impossible to do more than hinl  al. Let us give thc bulk of it to Germans, and place thc total at ������9,000,-  000.  That covers thc greater part of the  material damage, but there are some  formidable items still to come. Think  of the ammunition used���������and the price  of it.  Big naval guns are expensive things  to play with. For guns of 12-inch, 13.5  inch and 15-inch calibre each shot���������  cordite charge, projectile, and wear  and tear of gun���������costs well into three  figures. One hundred pounds will only  fire one of thc dreadnought's 12-inch  guns once; you Avould have to add a  bit lo that sum before it would supply  the necessary for a round from one of  thc Lion's 13.5-inch weapons; and double it if you were to make one of  the "Lizzie's" huge 15-inch pop-guns  speak.  The Lion could polish of an M. P.'s  salary in three to four shots. Why,  thc salaries of the whole house, with  those of the cabinet ministers thrown  in, would not keep battle cruisers in  powder and shot very long, and if the  dreadnought fired her 10-inch guns at  thc rate of one round per minute, she  could make an end of the prime pinis-  ters salary in ten minutes! Quite a  sport for millionaires.  But it is no use trying to find thc  ammunition bill for the Jutland coast  fight by estimating what every gun  and ship can do. The matter must be  covered more generally.:  There is a clue to go upon. Someone writing on the Dogger Bank fight,  estimated���������with what degree of accuracy and authority is not known���������that  about three-quarters of a million  pounds' worth of ammunition was expended in that running fight. Well, in  the Dogger Bank battle nine big ships  fought for five hours; at the Jutland  coast there was an average of about  forty-five vessels engaged for ten  hours or so. That is five times the  number of ships and twice thc time,  which roughly means ten times the  ammunition, or  ������7,750,000.  There is a further item yet���������a comparatively small one this time.  Ships do not move free of charge.  Every revolution of the engines, every  turn of thc propellers costs money.  Motive powers is not so expensive  as gun power but it mounts up. For  instance, a battle cruiser doing full  speed can get through a thousand tons  of fuel .in a day.  Fuel���������oil and coal���������in the proportions in which it is burned costs on  an average over ������1 10s per ton so  lhat allowing the Lion ten or twelve  hours of fighting and about thc same  time for getting to/find from the  scene of battle wc find that she has  cost ^i.^OO for fuel alone in that tinr.-.  VW'liad twelve ships in tiic fight that  could do that "fuel disappearing"  trick, and possibly 30 to 50 other big  .���������ships involved, 'which also consumed  very large quantities, as well as dozens of smaller ships that can shift an  amazing amount of coal and oil. Seventy thousand pounds would not ovcr-  cslimatc the whole thing, and the  enemy, . witli his shorter distance to  cover, would likclv account for about  ������20,000.     ���������   So  much   for   the  material   side  of  and statisticans have agreed tint  every man has an economic value to  his country of ������1000, so, going on this  calculation, thc item jumps to ������20,-  000,000.  So the complete bill is something  as  follows:  British ships lost    ������10,244,000  German  chips  lose     13,064.000  Damage 10 ships       ".OOOJOOO  Ammunition       7,500,000  Fuel       90,000  Men     20,000,000  Grand total  ������59,898,000  Fifty-nine million pounds, -roughly  speaking, in half a day ��������� four and a  ) alf million per hour. Truly, only the  nations that have fat purses can fight  many modern naval battles.  Letters of Thanks  Dangers of a Thunderstorm  Places Where Lightning Will Strike  and Where it Will Not  Thc fear of being struck by lightning is both a very real and a very  sensible fear, says thc Philadelphia  Inquirer.  But lightning" can be avoided like  all other evils. It will strike in certain places and it will not strike in  other places. There arc reasons for  its behaviour in both cases, for nature  never operates by chance.  A steam engine or a railroad coach  is as safe as any place in thc world  as far as lightning is concerned. No  one has ever been struck by lightning while he was aboard a train.  -The business part of a city likewise  is never struck by lightning.' Neither  arc tall skyscrapers ever hit. It is a  matter of record thai insurance companies never have any losses from  lightning striking any building with  metallic sides^and framework of iron  and steel. _    .  A steel battleship is also safe from  lhe bolt .from thc clouds, as is a  steel windmill tower. This is because  everyone of the objects is its own  lightning rod -nd needs no further  protection than they can give themselves. ' }  There is another list of 'things  which lightning will surely strike. It  will strike a country house or a  house in the outskirts of a town. It  likes to hit a barn, church, school-  house, tree, sta.k or animal, especially if it is near a wire fence.  As for a house the safest place in  a lightning storm is'your'��������� iron or  brass bed. It is very dangerous to  stand near thc bul.���������because' you arc  taller than the bid. Tlie reason why  you arc safe when lying on it is that  the bed head and foot extend above  your head.. The current will not  leave the bed to pass through your  body. The walls and the floor of the  room may be ripped to pieces, but  you will be safe as long as you lie  still in your bed.  Feather beds offer no protection  whatever from lightning unless they  lie on a metal bed. If'the bed is of  wood and thc springs are steel, the  wood on thc bed may split to pieces,  but you will nevertheless remain unharmed.  During the day the safest place in  a house is in the centre of a room,  provided there is no stove near.  Contrary to popular opinion it  makes no difference whether doors or  windows are open or closed. Lightning can get in under any circumstances if it wants to.  Home Sweet Home  Fathers and Sons  the Boys on  A Good Way to Keep  the Farm  There is one benefit  of  farm  life  Work  of Queen  Mary's  Needlework  Guild in Canada is Appreciated  Another interesting letter of thanks  from Her Majesty ��������� the Queen has  been- received by Mrs. Angus, President among the Canadian Branch of  Queen Mary's Needlework Guild. The  letter which war; written by Miss Annie Lawlcy, lion. Secretary at headquarters in London says:  "That Her Majesty-has desired me  to ask you to convey her thanks lo  the various workers who have contributed so splendidly lo this last consignment. Thc arrival of your cases  was a great help to us at this moment,  as wc are sending out a large consignment of things to Mesopotamia and  many of your tilings have gone there.  The handkerchiefs were specially welcome as 1 seem to' have unlimited demand for them." Her Majesty was  much interested in the Comfort Bags  from Yarmouth and wc have sent  some to No. 14 General Hospital,  France lo be given to some .of the  worst cases. It is indeed good of  your workers never allowing their  energy to flag, and I hope they realize how much their labors arc appreciated. Wc have so much lo "be grateful for, not only to the daughters, but  to the sons of Canada who, at this mo-  cm ut, are covering themselves with  glory, and-one finds it difficult to express  their thanks.  The following are a few extracts  ���������.cccivcd from letters, by the headquarters in London:  Hospital Auxiliarc, St. Germain-on  Laye.  "There is one thing that wc really  do need badly, but 1 do not know if  thc Q. M. N. G. supplies such things.  Many of thc poor wounded have such  terrible bed-sores when they conic  here, cither from thc stretchers or prc-  vi us bad nursing, and we have no  water or air mattresses, not even thc  large water pillows that arc such an  excellent substitute, lt is pitiful to  see their sufferings on these hard mattresses, when one knows how more Youth's Companion  comfortable they could be made. India rubber hot water bottles are also  unknown here, but wc have stone ones  instead. Most of the garments that  these patients wear arc sent by the  Q. M. N. G. 1 always look for the  mark and feel proud of seeing it  there.".  "���������' Hospital,'Melun, Seine ct-Marhc.  "I ���������find.hyospilal, having many serious cases, surgical and illness. Clothes  are in great demand as mei. come  straight from thc front with nothing."  Hospital Mixle, Fontainbleau.  "Well equipped hospital but no  clothes. Some of the men still lying  in their clothes straight from Verdun."  Hospital No. 9 Bis, La Chapcllc-  La Rcine.  "A most pathetic little hospital in  poor part of the country. Entire! v  run by contribution of peasants. Patients very cheery. No garden, so  t' cy sit or lie by the roadside, or take  turns in one wheel chair. I am the  second visitor they had since the war-  began. They nearly went on my neck.  Do be as generous as you can."  "Hospital'Civil, Rue Victor Hugo 1,  Montereau-fault- Yvonne.  ' "A visit to this hospital would melt  the stoniest heart. They have practically nothing and very serious cases,  and receive no outside help.  Heme is a Magic Word and We Seldom Try to Analyze it  It is easy to awaken a sentimental  thrill by Jic .-.trains of "Home, Sweet  Home!" even when it is played by an  out-of-time hand organ, in a dirty  street, where most of the homes arc  far from "sweet."  Thc law of association is a complicated one. A woman who grew up  among severe privations of a rocky  bin farm, remote from everything  which she now'prizes in life, will feci  her- eye's grow dim as she reads a description of milking time, corn husking  and apple _ picking, although in her  own experience those duties stood for  backaches and blistered hands and  weariness unspeakable.  Home is a magic word, and wc seldom try to analyze it. A little Polish  girl in a public school was asked recently to write '. definition of "home."  "A home," she wrote,, "is where people live, and where a man or somebody comes home and finds people  there, and then cats."      V  "And then eats!" To bow many  thousands of men that is tbe end and  aim of coming home! To how many  thousands of women thc preparation  of thc food to be calen is the chief  business of home making.  It is a military axiom tbat an army  marches on its stomach. So thc ar.my  of workers which goes forth with thc  sun from thc millions of human homes  works by the strength of food. AVell-  choscn and well-cooked it must be if  the home is to rest on a firm foundation. But the foundation Is not th j  whole structure. Food for thc body  helps to feed the mind and spirit, but  docs not suffice for them. Thc Polish  child must.be taught in her adopted  country to add to her plain and bitter  climax, "and the cats," thc.ncw charter of liberty and grace: "And when  he has eaten, he talks and reads and  thinks, and lie learns and teaches  others what and how to love, and so  he makes and keeps a  Patriotism in the Kitchen  To Stimulate Agriculture  lire fight. Hut what -'bout the human  clement? We cannot really lay down  finuicial values for them or tally  them off or. an  ������ s d measure.  Hardly less Kan 20,000 men, fairly  equally divided between thc two  fleets, must have been killed or temporarily disabled. What is their economic value���������a value, of course, which  lalls far short of their real worth?  Some years ago it was stated in parliament" that it cost ������300 to make and  train' an efficient bluejacket. On  this basis the loss in men means  ������6,000.000.    But  political  economists  Herr Ballin's Boast  Herr Ballin's announcement that rrts  company, the owners of the Hamburg-  American line, is building    five huge  that has not .received the recognition f���������  steamers   and  that other     Gcr-  its value deserves: It is the opportun- *'"������   !rms ;'rc,s ���������,a.  ?fCen^d;i"h?  ' not  disconcert  the allies  very  much.  Thc announcement docs not build the  ships, and   German    ship-owners  arc  not likely to lock up their capital in  30,000-lon    steamers until    they have  some reasonable guarantee of revenue  from them.���������Montreal News.  W  N.      II      1116  ity of thc father and the sons to work-  together and to be together.  It is the habit to say that men who  win owe their success to their mothers. Like all general statements this  is not wholly true, and even if it  were true it would not mitigate the  responsibility of the fathers. The  best man with the best mother would  have been better if he had had more  of his father's interest.  In the pell-mell, absorbed life of the  past quarter of a century thc fathers  have been thinking more of business  than of family, more of dollars than  of sons, and under the circumstances  it has been amazing lhat the young  fellows have done so well. For, take  it any way you please, no influence  can help character and initiative in a  son like that of a father.  And tlie only way this influence can  exist is by contact. Association is  everything. We hear much about environment.  is his father and mother.    Thc blessing of  the   farm   is  that  this  associa-  "I'vc brought back those eggs you  gave mc this morning," said the new  bride, as she began to take thc articles in question from her basket.  "They're duck eggs."  "Duck eggs!" sneered the grocery  bess. "You're mistaken, ma'am. I  don't never sell no duck eggs."  "But I tested them," triumphed thc-  matrimonial novice. "I dropped them  into water and they floated."  A sergeant was entering a new en-  lister into his book. "And where do  you hail from. Angus Macdonald���������  England, Scotland or Ireland?" he  asked with a sarcastic smile at the six  A boy's best environment j f00t  brawny giant.  "Nane-o'   them,"  was thc ready answer, "De ye ken  wliaur    Aberdeen    is? Wcel,  1  come  tion usually means the finest kind of' fj-ac Aberdeen."  companionship.    When wc see father  and son companions wc give thanks  for that kind of father and put all  our confidence in the future of that  son.  When the father sticks close to ihc  boys there is a likelihood that lhe  boys will stick to thc farm.��������� The  Countrv Gentleman.  An expert in aviation makes the  assertion that a bomb dropped from  a height of 8,000 feet cannot hit, except by rare good luck, thc object  aimed at, owing to thc speed at whirh  iW air*;bii) travels.  Manitoba's Slogan Should be Back to  the Land  A slogan, that represents flic vital  sinew of Manitoba, should 'be "Back  to thc Land." ���������.'    -J  From statistics available, it is learned that the-present figure of population evidences in excess of one third  of provincial inhabitants are enumerated in the census of lhe City of Winnipeg. And to this startling fact must  be added that upwards of fifteen.thour.  sand people dwell within thc civic  limits of Brandon. Surely such state  of affairs in an agricultural country is  suggestive of active remedial measure.  As matters stand, farmers are in need  of, yet unable to obtain adequate supply of help. Every winter season demonstrates thousands of unemployed  in the cities and a goodly proportion  of these out of works arc in actual  need, a statement affirmed by perusual  of reports issued by thc Associated  Charities of Winnipeg. A horde..of  unemployed _mcn roam the city  streets; artisan, unskilled worker,  book-keepers, clerks. Tbe human product of Slavonic Europe adds its quota  to the mass struggling to sustain body  and soul. Surely this sight common  upon Winnipeg streets is a deplorable  state of affairs, an injustice to Manitoba creative of thc erroneous impression prospective immigrants will  not be assured work. The acreage of  this province at the present time under cultivation, constitutes a fractional part only oH the lands suitable to  lhe plough. Hence a glorious heritage is awaiting, yet thousands of able  bodied men are enrolled amongst  ranks of unemployment.  Manitoba will, at termination of thc  present European war, receive an invasion of immigrants. Any class save  such willing lo take up land and work  with thc farmers, should be rigidly  refused admittance. It would act toward future interests of this province, if extreme discretion in programme of policy is adopted. The  late James J. Hill, the greatest empire  builders on the American continent,  and whose death has recently occurred, made thc following terse statement at.a banquet given in his honor  at Winnipeg a few years ago:  "Fill up your population by all  means,.but be careful of thc material  you accept. The Province of Manitoba possesses land; for settlement,  your cities and towns can take care  of themselves."���������J. D. A. Evans.  Economy the    Watchword in    These  Times of War and High Prices  Housekeeping goes on in Britain  now in a manner much altered from  thc staid old routine of thc days before thc war. Patriotism and necessity combine to introduce new methods, such as conduce to strict economy, and economy that thoughtful  Canadians would gladly scc;practiscd  more rigidly in our.own kitchens. Perhaps as yet only a section of each  community in the old land have taken  seriously to thc study'" of thc best  methods of war-time housekeeping,  but should any cook.or housewife fail  in her duty in this respect, iHs not for  want of teaching. Warnings and instructions greet her from fence placards as well as in thc otho'dox medium of the printed"column. It is\ wisely pointed out in Ibis campaign for  economy that in real thrift not only  should thc expenditure be limited, but  it" must be intelligently arranged to  produce the maximum of energy and  nutrition at- thc minimum .of cost.  Health and strength must not suffer  in order that pennies may be saved.  An article on the subject in The  Guardian' reminds its readers that to  accomplish this it is necessary to  bear in mind thc relative commercial  values of food, as.well as the physiological values; but if the well-nourished bodies and brains that are the  nation's greatest assets at this moment are to be maintained this much  is imperative���������the economic-consideration must not be made thc primary  one in dealing with matters of diet.  Even where poverty unfortunately  makes it so, a study of dietetics will  still enable a plentiful and nourishing  diet to be supplied. Simplification ol  household meals must be achieved il  is-truc, but it must not be accomplished at the expense of. the health and  strength lhat wc have never needed  mor.  Possibly the reason why the- aver-  ������������������ ,r age English .housekeeper finds hcr-  nomc. ��������� ���������-Jic , se]f ;it so grcat ;i disadvantage with  present food prices is that until war  brokc_ out England was the country  in which food could be brought most  cheaply. Abundance of . supplies  brought in its wake carelessness with  regard to making the most, of food.  Hence our ignorance of the economic  value of cooking by means cf the  casserole and thc hay-box.  Amos���������1  don't  care much  for lhat  piece  the  orchestra is playing    now.  , , . .,   Muriel���������Why, that's    futurist    music!  "My ^V..."'!"?.?^ '������.  "y.l������."as1'Amos���������Oh, is that it? Why don't they  '       '   "���������"" "'' j( Somc time in the future, then?  todav without hitting her thumb  "How was that?"  'She  inveigled  the  holding the nail."  hired   girl   into  Her���������No doubt you. think I am  older than I really am.  Him���������Not at all. I'm sure you arc  not as old as you look.  "We've learned a lot from thc pfes-  ?"  cnt  warr  "Yes, indeed.    Everything  what it's all abotit."  except  play  '"Henry, how do you like my new  hat?" "Well, dear, to tell you thc  truth���������" "Stop there! If you're going  to talk that way about it, Henry J  don't want to know."  Delia���������So Matthew is to mar.-y  Miss Corbridge? He's much -loo  yourg for her, don't you think? Emily  Grateful German Prisoner  Letter Written by a Prisoner in England Praises Treatment Received  From His Captors  Officials of thc government which  have shown great concern regarding  the condition of British prisoners in  Germany^ have come across a letter  from a German prisoner in England  which they have given mc for publication. I have seen a photograph of the  original. The letter was written by.  a wounded prisoner. A translation  follows:  "In a British Hospital", ��������� 12-5-16.  , "My dear children, my dear mothet,  ���������How   terribly   will     the   express,  'prisoner'    echo  in your    ears.       But  your anxiety will  be needless  for tc  tell the truth I have hitherto not been  treated  as  prisoner,    but     have    received nothing but love and care for  my  wounds,  which   arc severe,    and  everything is done for mc  to relieve  my pain���������-in  fact everything .that can  be done for a wounded man.    Therefore,   my dear ones,    respect our enemies.    I always had a great    dread  of falling    into    English hands, shut  now    that  fate    has overcome me'l  have learned better and I sec-no tract  of anything but tender love-on    the  part of my former enemies.  My food  could not be better than it is although  lean cat very little; I have a splendid dinner every clay, plenty of meat  and potatoes beautifully cooked. They  give mc almost too much, but for tin  sake of good manners, I  eat it till it  is all    finished.      Tea    does not suit  mc, so coffee is specially prepared for  mc and it tastes a-, good as if you had  made it with your own hands. Could  a wounded prisoner ask for anythii f;  better?      Do    you    therefore " fhow  nothing but  kindness    towards    our  wounded  enemies,    parliculariy  Eng  lishmen, if you  happen  lo  meet am  on  your journeys;  treat them kindh  and  remember  how  much   they     an  doing for me  here.      I  shall     never  during my whole life forg-ct the kind  .���������ess cf my doctor and his assistants,  thc nurses and orderlies, and I  shall  think of  them   gratefully'when     the  ��������� eace bells peal on every side.    Now,  my  faithful   M���������  and all  of you,    we  will   pray    to God    who has"-hitherto  led mc by his grace. Just now I asked  a sergeant here to give mc a forget-  me-not; I have got it already and .tan  of joy come to  my eyes for I know  what    pleasure  it  will  give   . to  you.  Now farewell, all of you, may God'.*  mercy be upon us.    Receive the loving greetings    jnd    kisses    of    you.  father.  (Signed)  ("Of the  Reserve  Infantry  Rcgt.M-  During ihe war between the United  States and Mexico which began rii  1847. 300,000 men  were employed *b,\  ���������Oh, he'll age rapidly enough   after  the former during the two years >lha  he's married, '.he war faded. .SCHE   BUN.   'GRAND   FDM&&
Conservation and Thrift
2ach Leads to Personal Gain and to
National Profit,  ���
Conservation is thrift. Perhaps"it
should be added���when properly exercised. Conservation is not hoarding.
Hoarding is more frequently waste
Shan not.-' The miser does not enrich
ihc country. He impoverishes it. Judicious investment makes thc country
richer. It means production and production that ad4s to the capital of the
.nation; production that, means progress and advancement; that leads to
greatness. When the war broke out
rity dwellers rushed to purchase
���necessities in large quantities, fearing
> rapid advance in prices. That Was
not conservation, preservation, or
wise investment. It provoked thc
rcry evil that it was desired lo avert.
It was waste. Scavengers state that
ihc amount.of perishable produce that
was subsequently thrown out with the
garbage was tremendous. Thus an
,?ra that should have started with con-
/servation -and thrift commenced with
woeful extravagance.
Time proved thc unwisdom of thc
rarly panic. But stocks had been depleted and prices advanced. Thc evil
���had been'done and thc effect lingered.
A feeling-of insecurity was caused
5hat remained in thc memory of
dealers, who were not slow to take
advantagc-of the situation.- The larger
men profiled immensely. Thc smaller
went to the-wall. The consumer reaped the result of his folly. But the
���lesson has been learnt, and although
prices have not fallen, the normal conservation.-of the people has returned
and with it to some extent the habit
of conservation. It is doubtful, how-,
ever, whether the importance of thc
latter has yet" entered into the minds
of the Canadian population in the
wide measure that it should.
Conservation, or thrift, or both, is
possible in tlie smallest way as well
as in the largest. Each leads to personal gain and national profit. And
there is no manner in which both can
be better exercised than in thc household and "in personal habits. Care in
our method of Hying contributes not
alone to the formation of individual
but lo what is more important���national character. France learnt this
great lesson from the Franco-Prussian war and is benefiting by it today.
Canada is".acquiring, it and there is
every indication that present experiences will lead to further conservation, to more thrift, and to greater
husbandry.
Minard's Liniment Cures   Distemper.
Perfect Fit
"Yes, grandma, I am to be married
during the .bright and gladsome
spring." ~
"But, my dear," said granclma, earnestly, "you are very young. Do you
feel that "you arc fitted for married
life?"     '"    .--.���.
"I am being fitted now, grandma,"
explained-the prospective bride, sweetly. "Seventeen gowns." / \
Here is the latest story from Sandhurst Military Collcge.-'Ovcrnight the
cadets conspired. Wfhen next morning the" sergeant gave the order
"Number off from the right!" thc
voices rang out "One, two, three, four,
five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, knave,
queen, king." Quick as lightning the
sergeant- continued with "All court
cards fall out and report to thc
major."-���
The first Bible published    in    thc
United-States was in the Indianlan-
jruagc  and    printed    at    Cambridge,
Mass.    -
ui ���=kss b saaos ���js==5==n ����s��Epa a gs*
"SEjoEssiaac ���
l no iTiTOra
:|ALUMpuf'lR|i|
READ I
nails
mm
���FJnPJiMWiTii^
���^^^s^^s^m^^^^^^^^^^^i
The Salvation of France
a
Zest to Any f
Most everyone likes a hot
tabic', drink, but it must have
a snappy taste and at thc same
time7bc healthful. Probably no
beverage answers every requirement so completely as docs
The Rubber Industry
The Bulk of the World's Supply of
Rubber Comes From Brazil
Thc rubber gatherers in jungles of
the Amazon, the Orinoco and thc
Congo, making incisions an inch and
a half long, three-eighths of an inch
wide and a half inch deep in thc bark
of the tropical trees which sometimes
attain a height of 60 feet and a circumference of 8 feet. Beneath these
cuts the natives attach small cups to
ca'ch the rubber milk, which is not
thc sap of thc tree. Thc average Para
rubber tree yields two ounces of milk
a day. By coagulation in the smoke
of a wood and palm nut fire tlie milk
.yields one-third its weight ��� of the
prized rubber, the normal annual production of a tree being ten pounds of
rubber,, and thc flow continues fairly
constant for a number of years.
One of the bye-products ,of rubber
harvesting, and one which promises
extensive development, since plantations of these trees have'been successful in Sumatra, Ceylon and thc Straits
Settlement, is the rubber seed which
yields almos't half its weight of an
oil closely resembling linseed oil, and
adapted to the same uses.
There arc many varieties of rubber
producing trees, vines and shrubs, the
most valuable species being that
which yields the standard "para," and
which grows over an area of a million
square miles in Brazil alone.
Thc world production of rubber
during the year preceding the European war was 151,000 tons, of which
Brazil produced 40,000 tons, her nearest competitor, the Dutch East Indies
yielding 8,000 tons'. The United States
in that year imported more than twice
as much of thc raw material as Great
Britain, which stood second as a buy-
en For 5/,000 tons $90,000,000 was
p-'id.���National Geographical Society,
Washington.
This is to certify that fourteen years
ago I got the. cords of my left wrist
nearly severed, and was for about nine
months that I had no use of my hand,
and tried other Liniments, also doctors, and was receiving no benefit. By
a persuasion from a friend I got
MINARD'S LINIMENT and used
one bottle which completely cured
mc, and have been using MINARD'S
LINIMENT in my family ever since
and find it the same as when I first
used it, and would never be without
it.    :���'.
ISAAC  E. MANN.
Metapedia, P. Q.
Aug. 31st, 1908.
Stayed With His Pal
The story of a brave Saskatchewan
lad is thus told: "One Canadian doctor, with his assistant," "had worked
all through thc bombardment at a
field-dressing station close behind the
front line, and near thc Cumberland
dug-outs where Colonel Shaw died.
He was a ship's doctor from Vancouver who had made many voyages to
Honolulu and across thc Pacific before coming out to the great adventure in France. Of his assistant I
knew nothing except that he was a
brave fellow who did not think of his
own danger because he could help
other men. When the Germans came
across neither of these two doctors,
deserted his post, but 'carried on' to
the last moment, bandaging the
wounded who lay about them."
How Germany Has Tried to Eliminate France as a European
Power
One of thc German aims in this
war was to eliminate France as a
European power. Thc first attempt
was foiled by the battle of the Marne.
The second attempt was foiled by
the defeat of thc attempt to break
thc French, British, and Belgian
line and march lo Calais. The third
attempt was foiled by thc heroic defence of Verdun.
If thc attempt had been successful,
it was hoped that France would have
become a mere vassal of Germany,
like-Austria,"Turkey,, and Bulgaria.
Thc-last attempt Was made in a spirit
of revenge. If France would not
submit,-France must be smashed.
France has played her own part
with, magnificent heroism, and has
been loyally helped by her allies. Thus
a great work has been done, npt only
for France, but for Europe, and for
the world.
Wrc cannot afford to lose France.
The world needs all its national
types and especially it needs France
which has been and is, one of the
foremost civilizing agencies of the
world. The world would have been
infinitely poorer if France had been
either destroyed, or dominated by
Germany. <
That does not mean that Germany
has not its own contribution to make
to civilization. The tremendous blunder the crime of .the misleaders of.
Germany was the conspiracy to destroy civilization and upon its ruin to
build a-temple for the worship of
Prussian tyranny.
'But if this conspiracy is defeated "we
may hope for a new order, in which
every national type will be preserved,
every national virtue and every national genius encouraged. All nations
will co-operate for the common good
of humanity, and for the development
of a type of humanity nobler: than
the world has ever seen.��� "Toronto
Star. ���'���"���-���'���_..
"NERVILINE" STOPS EARACHE 110 SECONDS
CURES TOOTHACHE 1 2 MINUTE
It Seems to Possess Almost
Some Divine Power
Over  Pain
RUB  ON NERVILINE
Toothache is usually' due to neuralgia in thc gums or lo thc congestion
and swelling of the nerve pulp.
As "Nerviline" relieves congestion,
you can easily sec why it cures toothache.
Nerviline does more���- cures any
ache or pain���in any part of the
body.
It matters not where your pain is.
It may be in a joint or muscle; it'maybe neuralgia or lumbago; it may be a
surface pain is deeply situated in the
back, side or chest. Nerviline ��� will
reach it; Nerviline .will drive it out.
What is Nerviline, you ask? Just a
liniment, but very much stronger iu
pain-subduing power than other liniments���-one lhat penetrates more
deeply in the tissue than any other
liniment, lt is a liniment that cures
quickly, that gives permanent relief.
* You might spend ten or a hundred
dollars, bu: you couldn't buy as much'
relief as you get from a single bottle
of  Nerviline.
Wc guarantee Nerviline: wc refund
your money if it docs not relieve you.
In many lands it is a household
trust, a remedy that has justified itself
under the experience of those who
have used it. Guaranteed for neuralgia,, sciatica, .- lumbago, rheumatism,
pleurisy, strains or sprains; Ihc large
50 cent family size bottle is more economical than the 25' cent trial7size.
Dealers everywhere sell Nerviline, or
direct from Thc Catarrhozonc Co.,
Kingston,  Canada.
A Good Scout
This famous pure food-drink,
made of roasted wheat and a
bit of wholesome molasses,
affords a rich, delicious flavour,
yet contains no harmful clement.
The original Postum Cereal
must be boiled; Instant Postum
is made in the cup "quick as
a wink," by adding hot water,
and stirring.
Both forms of Poslurn have a
delightful aroma and flavour,
arc 'healthful, and good for
children and grown-ups.
"There's a Reason"
Sold by Grocers everywhere
Canadian Postum Cereal Co., r,Ut,.
) Windsor, Ont. .
Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.
Overrated German Efficiency
German efficiency will be less made
of in "the future. Its limitations are
as obvious as those of an analytical
conclusion. It solves a given problem, working from premises laid
down , but it is baffled by the unexpected and lacks imagination to foresee new conditions. It sees narrowly
in a straight line, and when deflected
by unconsidered obstacles, which imagination might have provided for, it
1 is like a locomotive off the track.���
I\";w York Times.
State of Ohio. City of Toledo.
Iyucas County, ss.
Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he is senior
partner of lhe firm of K. J. Cheney & Co., doine
business in the City of Toledo, County aud State
iforcsaid, nnd that said firm will pay thc sura of
ONE HUNDRED I)OI,T,AR.S for each and every
case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by the usv
of HAIJ/S CATARRH CORE.    "
'','.,.:.'-' ������.������������,���'".���',    FRANK J. CHENEY.
Sworn to before me  and  subscribed in my
presence, this 6U1 day of. December. A.D. 1886.
A. W.G REASON.
(Seal) Notary Public.
Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and
acts through the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces
of the System.   Send for testimonials, free.
1 ���      F. J. CHENEY & CO.. TolcdorO.
Sold by all druggists. 75c.
Hall's Family rills for constipation.
Russian Trade With Canada
All calculations suggest that large
trade between Canada and Russia will
be developed immediately after the
war. This commerce will be of great
interest to Vancouver, as it should
pass through this port. In thc last
year thc foreign commerce through
the port of Seattle has doubled the
record of any previous year, and most
of thc increase is due to trade with
Vladivostok. It is not forgotten that
some of the trade was lost to A'"an-
couver because there were no cranes
and other equipment here to handle
some of the heavy pieces. We believe
that a good deal of the freight shipped
to Siberia through Seattle originates
in Canada. After the war it should
be arranged that freight shipped lo
Russia from Canada under preferential arrangements will go by way of
Canadian ports if they are able to take
care of it.��� Vancouver News-Advertiser.
Hard and soft corns both yield to
Holloway's Corn Cure which is entirely safe to use and certain and
satisfactory in its action.
It was several days after arriving
home from the front that the soldier
with tire two broken ribs was sitting
up and smoking a cigar, when the doctor came in. "Well, how arc you feeling now?" asked the latter. "I've had
a stitch in my side all day." replied
th- wounded soldier. "That's all
right," said thc doctor. "It shows thc
bones arc knitting."
An American tells of a visit to a
Zoo in Ireland on which occasion he
was much interested in a solitary sea
Hon. Turning to one of the keepers, thc American asked, as he pointed
10 the solitary beast, "Where's his
mate?" "He has no mate, sor," responded the Celt. "Wc just feed him
011 fish." 	
The Women's Suffrage Society in
London have offered to take over the
street cleaning of the city owing .0
the shortage of labor.
A Sure Corrective of Flatulency.���
When thc undigested food lies in
thc stomach it throws off_ gases causing pains and oppression in the stomachic region. The belching or_eructation of these gases is offensive and
the only way to prevent them is to_restore the stomach to proper action.
Parmelcc's Vegetable Pills will do
this. Simple directions go with each
packet and a course of them taken
systematically is certain to effect a
cure.
A Prevalent Sin
Private Doherty was six feet four
in his socks; his sergeant was about
a foot shorter. The sergeant looked
along the line. "Head up, there Doherty!" he cried. Doherty raised his
head. "Higher!" said the little sergeant. "There, that's better! Don't
let mc sec your head down again!"
"Am I to be always like this?" asked Doherty, staring above the little
scrgcanl's head.
"You are."
"Thin I'll say good-bye lo ye, scr-
gint dear, for I'll never see ye again
in this world."
W.     N.     U.     11LG
Ruth���Trust her! You surely don't
think she could keep a secret? Matilda���Well, I've trusted her with other
things, and she kept them,
Work of the Boy    Scout Movement
Amongthe Boys of Saskatchewan
Of many trusts lhat. have been
made in the last half century at superstition and ignorance, thc Boy Scout
movement is one of the most effective as it is also one of the most recent.
To be a "good scout" means much
the samp thing as it once"'meant .to
be a noble champion, of the lists-
only it means more;. The knight of
old had nothing more to fight than
an occasional dragon; he had only to
break into.a stone castle to find his
beautiful princess awaiting him. The
scout, however, has to conquer himself. To speak honorably, to live loyally, to act helpfully, to be friendly
to all, to be discourteous to none, to
o!ey cheerfully, to smile and whis:'c
in the face of every difficulty-, to live
thriftily, to think, speak and act cleanly���these are the ten commandments
o. the good scout, the energizing precepts of ��� clean living and wholesome
thir.king..
That the Boy Scouts of Saskatchewan are "good scouts'" who strive to
live up to the principles is fully attested by the place; they have taken
and are continuing to take in the public service of our country. Though
not a military organization in any
sense of the term it is significant th-'t
over 150 scout officers and senior
scouts who were active in bo3r- scout
y.ork at the beginning of thc war are
now on active service.
On account oE :.gc, '.he majority, of
course, have been forced to remain
at home. But ever thtsc have striven
to uphold thc name of the organisation. Some of the troops have given
the recruiting agencies splendid as-
s" -tancc. Red Cross societies the
country over have had the assistance
of the Boy Scouts, in their activities
On many occasions they have .acted
as orderlies at the various functions
under thc auspices of Imperial Ordcr
of the Daughters of the Empire. At
the Saskatchewan Grain Growers'
Conventicn held in Saskatoon in
March they were much in evidence
acting as guides and messengers.
'lUiey themselves by their own subscriptions, by holding concerts and
displays���one troop by killing gophers
and cleaning stables!���have raised
during thc past year hundreds of dollars for various patriotic causes other
than their own. And so the record
might be written, almost to no end,
of the hundreds of.public duties which
have been assumed by thc little fellows in khaki.
To  make  every boy  in  Saskatchewan a ''good scout" is, then, the aim
of the organization which, during the,
past year,    has been   working   in the
province.    Ausgustus H. Ball as Provincial Commissioner and Frank    C.
Irwin as Provincial Secretary arc thc
two men who arc giving energy to the
movement, and in spite of difficulties
these men and their many loyal assistants arc meeting from day to day, the
province  is   being  thoroughly   organ-j
ized  into  districts  and  thc boys arc!
everywhere    being made    acquainted |
with the purposes and aims of the as-j
sociation. j
Contrary to a commonly accepted j
opinion the organization is not a mill-1
tary one. Indeed, it is opposed to mil-1
itarism though it responds lo thc call;
of duty whenever it may be heard. It j
is, however, and educational pro pa-j
ganda with thc training of the boy's .
whole nature as its aim. The great!
war of thc immediate future is that;
.struggle for commercial and indtts-j
trial success which will follow thc 1
present European conflict, one which J
will demand leadership, resourceful-1
ncss, sterling character, high ideals, J
practical minds and honest endeavor, j
That war will last for a quarter of aj
century and, in thc words of Baden-j
Powell, the founder of the Boy Scouts,
organization, "will be won by the;
country whose citizens are then thej
best equipped in spirit and in ability
i'o: thc great work." Thc Boy Scout
movement is an organized endeavor
lo grasp for our growing youth a
great national opportunity.
The Saskatchewan Headquarters of;
th* Bov Scouts Association is on thej
second'floor of the Y. M. C. A. Build-j
ing, Rcgina and to that address all j
requests for information re the forma-j
lion of local associations and troops
should be sent.
Canadians Burning
Forests Too Fast
Carelessness With Fire Going to Cost
"���.   Canada $7,200,000 More This
Year Than Last
In war time and while many interests are urging thrift and economy,
the Canadian people are burning up
their created resources at a much
greater rate this year than last, is the
statement which appears in a bulletin
issued by thc conservation commission.
For the first five months of 1916
the fire loss in Canada has exceeded
that of January1 to May in 1915 by
approximately $3,000,000 or $600,000
per month, says thc bulletin. At this
rate of increase our fire losses shall
exceed that of 1915 by $7,200,000.
Canada has need of all her financial .
resources. She is borrowing money
to carry on the war and is paying five
per cent interest thereon. The additional fire losses of 1916 would therefore pay the interest charges on the
recent war loan of $100,000,000 and
would pay $2,200,000 of the principal.
Canada's average annual fire loss of
over $23,000,000 would pay five per
cent. interest on approximately half
a billion dollars. Our fire loss, however, something for'which wc arc receiving no value, cither financial or
patriotic ,is simply a tax due in great
part to carelessness -*.vhich Canadians appear willing to pay 'and which
they'., .as..a-whole are doing little to
avert.----- - _...���._,.-���_...:._..���...  .    - ...
SUMMER-HEAT
HARD ON BABY
No season of thc year is so dangerous to the life of little ones as is thc
summer. The excessive heat throws
the little stomach out of order so
quickly that unless prompt aid is at
hand the baby may be beyond all
human help before the mother realizes
he* is ill. Summer is the season when
diarrhoea, cholera infantum, dyscn-
try and colic arc most prevalent. Any
one of these troubles may prove deadly if not promptly treated. During
the slimmer the mother's best" friend
is Baby's Own Tablets. They regulate thc bowels, sweeten thc stomach
and keep baby healthy. Thc Tablets
arc sold by medicine dealers or by
mail at 25 cents a box from Thc Dr.
Williams' Medicine Co., Brock*'
Ont.
Socialism in Germany.
From our standpoint Socialism at
its best is seen in Germany, where before thc war that part of the nation
who opposed the militarism of the
Kaiser fought under its banner. If
Germany, when thc war ends, repudiates Prussianisni and becomes a Republic, Socialism will be one of the
potent influences which have prepared the way for this beneficial revolution in thc national life. Dr. Lieb-
knecht, bearing a name that ranks
high in thc history of German Socialism, will then become a national hero
because cf the courage with which he
ha.? stood out against thc Kaiser's war
policy of late. Thc most ardent opponent of Sochlisiu in this country
must iccognize t!i.*.. it has given f.jrni
in Germany lo a protest well taken
against misgovcriimcnt, and that it
has in such a case as that of thc oppressed German people a definite aud
valuable use.���Montreal Mail.  ���
'First Philosopher���Of course every
young man thinks he'd be perfectly
happy if lie could only have his own
way!
Second Philosopher���Yes,
older he grows lhe happier
think that he didn't have it'
and    thc
he is  ��o
A Ready Weapon Against Pain.-*
There is nothing equal to Dr. 1 iiotn.is'
Eclcctric Oil when well rubbed in. It
penetrates thc tissues and pain disappears before it. 'There is no known
preparation that will reach thc spot
quicker than this magic Oil. In consequence it ranks first among lini-
ri-.i-.nis now offered to thc public and
is accorded first place among nil its
competitors.
We must boat France first of all
and finally. That done, our hands will
be free to deal with England, for
there can be no end to thc struggle
until tli': J oil of England herself also
h satura'cd in the lileblood of its people.��� lifiliiier Tagcblatt. Thc saturation cannot begin, however, until thc
Kritish fleet is put out of business.���
Xcw York Sun.
"Your daughter has a wonderful
voice.    You ought to cultivate it."
"W'lut for? A voice doesn't show ui>
in moving pictures. But I've got .1
boy with a funny walk whom I expect
to see drawing a thousand a week oue
of these days.'' 'THE   SUN, r GRAND'   FORKS,   B.C.  not, we will frankly tell you so  will run cor-  ectiy. A. D. MORRISON  Watch  Faults  ._ Does your watch run  correctly? If you experience any difficulty with it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a modern  ate cost. If it does  A watch repairer!  by us  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS, B. O.  press of the province. If, in past years, when  the people's money was being extravagantly  expended, the newspapers had done a little judicious and firm criticising, instead of indulging in flattery and fawning for favors, the  crushing defeat of yesterday might, had the  government heeded the advice, been post-  ponod for a number of years.  Wc& <&ranfr Marks 0mt-  G. A.  EVANS. EDITOR AHD  PUBLISHER  AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE ���������  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) ' SI.00  One Year (in the United States)     1.50  Address all communications to  Tun Grand Forks Sun,  Grand Forks, B. C  OFFICE:     COLUMBIA AVENUE AND' LAKE STREET.  Some good men went down to defeat yesterday. The result plainly indicates that, in  a number of instances, it was not the candidates, but the government, that the electors  wished to down.  J. Ii. Jackson,   Conservative candidate  in  Greenwood riding, lost his deposit.  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 15,, 1916  H. C. Brewster, leader of the victorious  Liberal party in the province, made the following statement election night, just after he  received the news that Premier BoAvser had  been defeated in Vancouver:  "It is needless to say that we are delighted  with the vindication of the policies advocated  by ourselves received from the people of the  province at the polls today. But although we  are much pleased with tonight's results, we  are sorry that we will be unable to know for  some time the result of the soldiers' vote.  But we now feel satisfied that, the result of  this vote will rather lengthen than decrease  the Liberal lead. It bears out the impression  of conditions which Mr. Macdonald and I  gathered on our recent tour of the province.  '���������Many of the Liberal party will regret that  the prime "minister met defeat in Vancouver,  as we are all anxious that there should be in  the house a strong opposition to assist the  government with its legisiation.  "Personally, I feel the responsibility that  the people of British Columbia have placed  on the Liberal party. Because of this we are  asking the support and assistance of all persons of every shade of political opinion in our  efforts to bring about healthier financial conditions in this province.  "It is to early to state what line of action  will be taken by the Liberal government.  Until we know at least a little more of the  results it would be entirely premature to say  anything.  "For the same reason it would at present  be premature to say anything about the result  of the prohibition and woman's suffrage  referendum."  Mr. Brewster has sent telegrams of congratulation to all the Liberal candidates who  were elected. Early in the evening when the  first indication of the sweep came in telegrams from all parts of the province began to  pour in on Mr. Brewster himself.  It was not propitious day for the Socialists  and Independents. They fared even worse  than the Conservatives.  The reason that babies arc so expensive rJs  because the s.ork has such a long bill.  To Teach Beekeeping to Returned Soldiers  Under the'direction of William Hugh,'secretary of  the Beekeepers' Association of-' British Columbia, the  returned soldiers living at the Military Convalescent  Home at Esquiraalt will take up the interesting  study of apiculture. The soldiers are taking up many  interesting subjects in the various branches of agriculture, and it is with the idea of giving them. elementary training in such subjects as their present  condirions and surroundings allow, that this work is  being done. The British Columbia department of  agriculture fias already placed the services of many  of the trained agriculturists of the department at thp  disposal of the men at the home, and fnrtheir development   will   be made from time to time.  Thanksgiving  day   has   been   set for  October 9 this  year.  The grouse shooting season opens on the loth inst.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  The election is over, and the people of  Grand' Forks now have two whole weeks to  devote to make the next fall fair a greater  success than any that has yet been held here.  In the defeat of Mr. Miller and the Conservative government, Grand Forks has lost a  cabinet minister. As the member-elect lives  in the biggest mining camp in the province,  the district may possibly gain a minister of  mines.  In the Grand Forks Valley  18 acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  orchard; good house and  barn and other buildings.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.:  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  In your favor is good printing,  It starts things off in your favor.  PeopSe read your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when-attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING because it GETS  BUSINESS. Ifyou.don'talready  know our kind of printing, let us  show you.'" It's?a "certainty that  we can save you money, too.  7  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  During  the next  few weeks   the cabinetmakers will work overtime.  The downfall of the Conservative  government was undoubtedly hastened by the  Tory  For further information  call at  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time lt! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No Indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed In regulating upset stomachs.  It ia the surest, quickest stomach remedy In the whole world and besides it  Is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  sure".;, and most harmless stomach  doctor in the world.  AUTO LIVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours  the  at  pdel Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  a%&*}*&   Sun  for   an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou itry  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising:     "Advertising    doesn't  jerk; it pulls.    It begins   very gently  at first, but the pu!l is steady.    It in-  Advertise in The Sun.   It has the | creases day by day and year   by year,  largest local circulation. until it exerts an irresistible   po ������������������er.''  ' f>  H/.  In  i  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS, -h. C.  importance of Conserving ure (fresh)   from ^various   animals,  ���������'..   the Fertility'of Our Soils describes  the ma������urial   value  of  clover, the component elements and  benefioial influence exercised by fer  tilizers, and refers to the places   oc-  The   soil   is   the  great   factoral  foundation   hot only of  agriculture  ��������� but of the nation's- welfare, hence it  is practically   impossible  to  spend  . an excess and care on its cultivation  and   pjeservation.    Therefore   any  knowledge   that   results   from   experience is of the ger-atest value.    A  deal of information   acquired    from  such experience in Bulletin   No. 27,  second series.entitled "Soil Fertility,  Its Economic  Maintenance and In-  ciease," just issued by    the  departments of agriculture, of   which   Dr.  Frank   T    Shutt,    the     Dominion  chemist, is autb ;r, and    which   can  be  .had    free   by application to the  publications branch   of   the department   at   the   capital. . Dr.   Shutt  sounds an  intensely   practical  note  of warning when he orgues that   we;  have been terribly wasteful of plant j  food and that every effort should be;  made to maintain, and increase   the'  fertility of  our soils,  and. by more  rational methods, endeavor  to   put  a   stop   to   tbat waste.     While the  warning is directed   to  the   Northwest,   ."where   farming    has    been  likened    to   mining," Ontario'  and  I'asiern Canada generally   are sum  moiled to account.   In briet.a change  vis   called   for   from extensive to in  ten five fiuming, the lesson that it is  .-���������ought to convey being that there is  more prolit in high tillage and   conservation - in    cultivation    than    in  methods of-mere   routine.     Having  gone minutely into the    properties,  ���������ntcessary treatment aud application  of farmyard manure.the doctor sup  - plies   a   table  giving   the approxi  mete average composition   of  man  cupied by wood ashes  and seaweed  as potassic fertilizer.    He  goes into  the virtues of gypsum and nitrate of  soda   as  indirect potash   fertilizer,  concluding in an instructive  review  of the chief  means   by   which   the  productiveness of the  soil may be  increased and preserved, by   urging  farmers to make  greater   use of the  various   means   and  agencies  provided by the  governments���������federal  and provincial���������''for the   assistance  of the man on the land by information,  advice   and   demonstration."  "There   is   no country," he avows,  ''better   provided, than   Canada in  .this   respect."   Regarding   manure,  : two important facts to    be   remem-  ; bered    are   that   where  it is not at  once utilized bv being put into   the  boil, or  onto   the soil, one-third   of  initial  value   is  lost, and  that  the  loss is   least   where   the manure is  kept   compact  and   protected from  rain.  the train came tearing along, whistling as it neared a station.  "Ye needha whistle for me," said  Donald. "I made ye an offer aince,  and ~ye wadna tak' it; sae ye can  gang on.    I'm no comin'."  A poll of the soldier in the city  on leave from the Vernon camp  was taken last Monday.  A Useless Invitation  A Highlander from Tobermory,  sayB the Canadian Magazine, asked  at the Oban railway station the  price of ticket to Killin.  "So much," replied the clerk.  "Hoot awa'," replied Donald;  "it's far ower dear! I'd rather  walk!" and off he started.  He had not proceeded   far   when  Headquarters  for  High-Grade  Sundries  "Built to Last"  Without a doubt, one of the strongest  bicycles ever built.  Thousands in use to-day, that have  been running ten to twenty years.  And still giving the utmost satisfaction.  The 3-piece "C.C.M." Hanger adds  the finishing touch of perfection to  this famous wheel.  Call and examine the latest "Clevelands "at   n  October 19 Will Be  Red Cross Day  The British Red Cross society and  the Order of St. John are once more  proposing to appeal for funds for  their work throughout the empire  by street and other collections on  what is known as "Our Day," the  date of which has been fixed for  October 19, according to a dispatch  received by Lieutenant-Governor  Barnard from Lord Lansdowne,  president of the British Red Cross  society.  An appeal has been made through  out the province to all bodies and  private citizens interested in the  work of the Canadian Red Cross  society and kindred organizations,  to combine in making the collection  on "Our Day" an even greater success than last year, when the sum  of 81,858,008 was received in Canada, and large sums in other parts of  the empire.-  . A portion of the dispatch from  Lansdowne, addressed to the lieutenant-governor, reads as follows:  "The generous response which we  received last year from all the dominions, encourages us to hope that  the constantly ncreasing demands  for"our help may be met by a cor  responding increase of generosity  throughout the empire. - We shall  be truly grateful to you if you will  assist our work by organizing an appeal and sending the proceeds to us  for our sick and wounded at the  front: I shall be greatly obliged if  you will commnnicate the contents  of this cablegram to your ministers  and recommend the proposal to  their favorable consideration."  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DAHDKTTF?  J.R.MOOYBGER  Blacksmith and Bicycle Dealer  Dealers in  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fisfi and Poultry  Our cTVIotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen. ^Manager  Girls! Try it!  Hair gets soft, fi-.iffy arid  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent Lottie  of Danderine.  If y.-.-ii car" fir heavy hair that gits  tons v,:Ut beauty and Is radiant, wit.'  life; has a:i incomparable softness ?.nC  Is  fluffy and  lustrous,  try Dan !f.*ri:-,f  Just   one   application   clout-Jus   !������������������������������������  beauty of your hair, besides ic -mir.-  diately   dissolves   every   particle   c  dandruff.     You   ~*n    not   have   nic-  heavy,    healthy    h;i:r    if    you  ��������� ha"  dandruff.    Th's iif-.-'M-nctivo scurf ro!  the hair of hb lu.otr.?, its strength an.  its very life, ari-l  if nv>t overcome i:  produces a feverishnoss and itchhig ot  the   sc.aip;    trhu   hair    roots    famish,  loose-: ant] die:  then the.hair falls out  fast     .Surely set a  25-cent  bottle  of  Kpo*vitoii's Danderine from any drug  =rtc*r." r"id  inst try it  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  W   Gait Goal   flow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  TKLKPHONKfl;  office, R(i6 cfrst "JtrPflt  Hansen's Kbhipesce K38iu������" ������J������IC������I  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers..   Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enal'los traders  throughout  the   world   to  coimmiulcato direct with English  MANUFACTURERS is DEALERS  In each class of poods. Resides heing a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT M15 RCH A NTS  with the Goods they ship, nnd tho Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;   ���������*-  STEAMSHIP LINES  iirranged under tho Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., In  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of thoourront edition will bo fi>r.  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlargor advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD  25, Abgliurcl) Lano, London, E. C.  Assuring Your  usiness  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion ' thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced..  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  N*3J7 customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to'maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to ���������  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  a  B  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising,  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop iffHE'SUN",   'GRAND   FORKS.   B.C.  THE CANADA STARCH  CO; LIMITED  MONTREAL. CARDINAL.  BRANTFORD,       FORT WILLIAM.  Makers of "Crown Brand" ana  "Lily While" Corn Syrups, and  Benson's Corn Starch.  More Blouses, Lingerie and  Skirts���������more Table Linen���������  more Sheets and Pillow Cases  ��������� more Curtains ��������� are  starched with "Silver Gloss'',  than any other starch in  Canada.    Your grocer has it.  233  Train  Divisions in Canada  Six Provincial or    District   Brigades  Likely to be Organized  A proposal is under consideration  oy tlie Minister.of Militia to mobilize  and train in Canada two complete  infantry divisions which would be  ready to leave for overseas practically  in condition to proceed at once to the  front. Hitherto thc organizing and  training as divisions has been done in  England. ,  To carry out thc scheme, six Provincial or district brigades are contemplated. These would include a  Nova Scotia brigade, already -almost  raised as a Highland brigade tinder  Col. Borden, a brigade for New  Brunswick and Prince Edward Island,  i brigade from Quebec, two brigades  from Ontario, and a brigade from the  western Provinces.  Details of the proposal are now  being vvorked out. ;  Destructive Insects  It is usually safe to say that'when  a child is pale, sickly, peevish and  restless, thc cause is worms. These  ���������arasites range the stomach and intestines, causing serious disorders of  the digestion and preventing the infant from deriving sustenance from  food. Miller's Worm Powders, by  destroying thc worms, corrects these  faults of the digestion ancLscrves to  restore thc organs to healthy action.  Only a Chip  As an. evidence of the unconquerable spirit of our fleet. Mr. Hunger-  ford Pollen relates an incident concerning an officer of one of the light  cruisers who was reported in the  official return as "severely wounded." Whitehall immediately received  a telegram respectfully but ardently  protesting against so. misleading and  humiliating, a description.  "I have only got a chip knocked out  of my shin .and .-.'���������.shall .be-ready .'for  duty in a very few days." The P.  M. O. was promptly wired to for a  full description of this officer's injuries. It turned out lhat he had  thc right leg fractured, and left tibia  chipped, a large piece of shell embedded in his groiir, and seventeen  other cuts and wounds.  "Can you accommodate myself and  family for summer board?"  "What's your politics?" inquired  Farmer Corntosscl.  "Doe? that make any difference?"  "Yep. I'm not going to take an-  jthcr chance on havin' thc whole  place stirred up with arguments day  an' night. All the folks that board  here this summer has got lo have thc  same politics."���������Washington Star.  "Thcv sav vou can't square the circle."  "Well, you can do it after a fashion," said the mathematician, "just as  when you go out for a walk you circle  thc square."  Woman Made Well by Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound.  Columbus.Ohio. ���������"I had almost given  Op. I had been sick for six year3 with  female troubles and  nervousness. I had  a pain in my right  side and could not  eat anything without hurting my  stomach. I could  not drink cold water  at all nor eat any  kind of raw fruit,  nor fresh meat nor  chicken. From 178  pounds I went to  118 and would get so weak at times that  I fell over. I began to take Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and  ten days later I could cat and it did not  hurt my stomach. I have taken the  medicine ever since and I feel like a  fiew woman. I now weigh 127 pounds  eo you can see what it has done for me  already. My husband says he knows  your medicine ban saved my life."���������  Mrs. J. S. Barlow, 1624 South 4th St,  Columbus, Ohio.  Lydia E Pinkbam'a Vegetable Compound contains just the virtues of roota  and herbs needed to restore health and  strength to the weakened organs of tho  body. 1 j at is why Mrs. Barlow, a  chronic invalid,recovered so completely.  It pays for women suffering from any  female ailments to insist upon having  Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound. ���������  Weeds in Relation to Insect    Pests  on the Farm  Celling-rid of grass    weeds,    and  undergrowth about the farm    during  the fall and early winter is one of'the  best  protective  measures  the  farmer  can   use  against     crop-damaging  insects the following year.   Weeds, matted grass, dead vegetation and brambles along fences, roadsides, margins  of  fields,  banks  of  little, streams  or  ditches,    especially in irrigated territories, are the natural hibernating and  often breeding    places  of many destructive insects. This vegetation gives  grasshoppers, chinch bugs, and other  insects most favorable conditions for  reappearance the following spring and  summer. Similarly, voluntary growths  of wheat harbor the Hessian'fly; while  stray alfalfa plants in the fields and  around them may be the source of the  incursion of grasshoppers.    The Hessian  fly is  thc  absence  of volunteer  wheat at times lays its eggs on    the  young crab grass  which  may spring  up in thc fall after a tract has    been  burned  over.    Grasshoppers lay millions  of eggs along    the    banks    of  canals  and    ditches  in   the    western  country.    Chinch bugs     hibernate in  bunches of broom    sedge, and many  other .destructive pests could not endure the winter were it not for these  natural nurseries.    The entomologists  therefore recommend to farmers that  they fallow    sod lands intended    for  other than grass crosp another year,  and clear up roadsides, fence margins,  and air waste land,  ditch banks and  similar places  by burning over, pasturing, or in  case of ditch banks by  plowing or discing in the fall.   While  top-dressing the wheat crop with manure in  the  spring will  increase the  yield in  the number of bushels, and  will pay for the labor required in its  distribution, we doubt if this is    the  way to get thc most good out of the  manure.      A little    observation    will'  induce a shallow root system,    for it  is  a well known  fact, that Voots    arc  always in search of plant food. So top-  dressing has a tendency to keep   thc  roots near the  surface.    As a result  they   arc likely    to be    affected    by  drought later on whereas if the manure  is plowed     under  the.roots  in  search of it will go deeper into    the  soil, thus     enabling    them to better  stand drought that wc may    expect  later in thc season.      While there is  no real loss in plant food where the  manure is used as a top-dressing, unless thc land lies so that it is carried  away by water from  rainfall,    much  more real benefit will be had if the  manure is plowed under and    mixed  with thc soil by cultivation.  Live Stock Problems  Asthma is Torture. No one who  hasn't gasped for breath in the power  of asthma knows what such suffering  is. Thousands do know, however, from  experience how unmeasureablc is the  relief provided by that marvellous  preparation, Dr. T. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Remedy. For years it has  been relieving and curing tire most  severe cases. If you are a sufferer do  not delay a day in securing this remedy from your druggist.  To Collect for Seed Grain  w.  N.     U.      1116  Dominion Government Out to Collect  Ten Million Dollars  Preparations r.rc being made by the  Department of thc Interior to collect  this year the larger part of thc advances for seed grain made to western farmers for thc crop of last year.  Over ten million dollars was loaned  by the Dominion government in the  drought-stricken districts in Southern  Alberta and in Southern Saskatchewan. Last year despite the heavy  crop, many farmers were in no position to make any payment. This year  it is hoped to collect Ihc larger portion of this amount. A head office  has been opened in Moose Jaw, with  Harry Cuttle, Chief Inspector of  Homestead Agencies, in charge.  Arrangements have been made to  have payments made to postmasters,  while no collections will be made by  thc elevators.  Live Stock Commission is Collecting  Much Valuable Information  Thc Royal Live Stock Commission  appointed by the Government of Saskatchewan is collecting much information which will be of value in improving the live slock industry of thai  province.  The commission is formed of some  of the best live slock men in the  West. Hon. W. C. Sutherland is  chairman; Hon. W. R. Motherwell is  also a member.  Sittings were recently held in Winnipeg and the Commission will eventually visit a number of eastern cities.  Thc immediate object is to gather information regarding the marketingof  live stock. Any person able to give  evidence relative to the matter in discussion will be gladly heard and in  return thc information that is acquired in eastern Canada and thc Slates  will be willingly given lo all.  Transportation has become one of  the most vital problems of the day.  Coal is an example, the transportation of which costs more than the  coal itself at the mine. The live  stock industry is greally affected by  the same thing.  Hon. R. W. Motherwell speaking in  Winnipeg said: "It is only natural  that grain growing should be the first  industry of the west and all praise  is due to the pioneers yet like many  of the older countries the time had  come, when the livestock industry is  becoming predominant. The livestock  industry is now the corner-stone of  the three provinces and the older  countries have profited by the same  experiences which these provinces are:  now having."  Proceeding he said that it was a  progressive step, that the government  would now have to choose Whether  they would handle the problem the  same as the telephones, and that the  question of the packing plants, and  abattoirs, would have to be considered, for perhaps while they could  make large profits a smaller concern  could not compete with them. He said  that there was a decided f&eling  among the farmers that there could  be made great improvements in marketing conditions, and that the commission, if failing to do any other  good would at 'east have helped to  calm the fears of the farmer that men  manipulating the markets' were robbing them.  W. R. Ingram, Esq., of the Swift-  Canadian Company gave much in  formation concerning stock loan companies. Mr. Ingram is much in favor  of these companies for they offer a  line of credit which thc banks cannot  touch.   He said: _       ':  "It has been my experience that  cattlemen prefer to deal with cattlemen, and on a certain street where  there is a bank and a livestock loan  company doing business, nine out of  every ten wjll go to the loan company for their credit." '  In dealing with thc matter -of the  one-half of one per cent, insurance  allowed packers on condemned carcasses, Mr. Ingram stated that thc  packers were entitled to it and that  it ;was barely sufficient to cover thc  loss they sustained in this way.  He favored thc bonding of livestock drovers and brought tip the  matter of reaching the press, with  an accurate account of Ihc local livestock market prices. He claims the  drovers are always well posted by  wire or letter and that it would only  be doing justice to the farmer to  furnish  him  this information.  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Exclusively   Canadian   Company  Assets Over  Four   Million   Dollars  An Excelsior Policy is a Money Saver. Get One To-day.  lYadfi at Home  Co-operation Between the Farmer and  Merchant is Necessary for the  Success of the Community  Why not be consistent? This paper preaches and practices trade at  home. There are merchants and business men of this town who do not  do this. To advocate the idea of trading at home is pleasing to a number of our people as long as it means  to -buy from them, but frequently  when they need what .may-be bought  here, they go elsewhere, or send "orders to maif order houses. This^ is  not fair, and it is inconsistent. The  grocer who buys his clothing, dry  goods or shoes away, from .home has  no right to be offended if the local  dry goods, clothing and shoe dealers  go elsewhere to buy. their groceries,  and the merchants who sell clothing,  dry goods or shoes -owe the same  duty to the local grocer that thc  grocer does to them. Then why not  trade at home?. ������������������.--���������.'  Coropcralion is necessary if our city  or our country are to be prosperous.  The farmer who has no use for the  town except as' a place to ��������� sell his  produce does injustice to his own interests as well as to those who live  in the town or city. And thc merchant  who has "no use for the farmer except as a customer to whom he can  sell his goods, acts as badly as the  farmer who goes away or sends away  for what he wants. Then why not  trade at home?  A country is prosperous in proportion to the prosperity enjoyed by its  towns and cities, and no town or city  can be prosperous without the co-op-  cration^of the people of the country.  Each is dependent one upon the other  for that which is for the betterment  of both. Then why not trade at  home? '.'���������:' y ��������� ���������  The farmer who says he has no interest in the welfare of the town and  the town man who says he has no  interest in the prosperity of the country, arc both wrong, their interests  a-c.mutual. Just as an illustration: If  a destructive fire consumed every  building in our capital city and the  word went out that the: city would  not be rebuilt, would any acre of land  in thc vicinity then be worth half as  much as it is now? And if there should  be a terrible drought or some other  calamity come upon the farmers,  would not the residents of the town  be sorely affected, many of them  ruined? Arc we not, be we residents  of. the country or of the town or city,  dependent upon each other for success? Think of this and trade at  home.���������Swift Current Sun.  ears Ago  Are still doing duty iu  the shape of  dy9s  Sixty - five years ago  the iirstCanadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time; for  materials aud striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  J  c^MxmmjHvniMmuHuuMitiwai  A Real Lever  Simulation  N  A ���������-  -:��������� ��������� L  8  o ���������  B ��������� Y  L  ��������� N  ��������� ON  \S Y ��������� ��������� E  In this puzzle you  see  four   lines   of  letter?!, - Fill in the  raissinir  letters so  that ench line spells  a well known town  in  the world.'    A  Magnificent Watch  -���������Judy's or Gent's  (guaranteed five years).  charge to readers of this paper who solve  this puzzle and conform to our one condition.  It  costs  you  uothine  to  try.    Send  your  answer together with stamp,  that wc may  scud you result.    All fniliug- to do this will j  be disqualified.   SEND NOW./'  "BARGAIN" WATCH CO. (40ODept.)  80 Corn wallis Rd, London, N.  SSHHI3B381  will be sent free of  Minard's  Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  ave a Ijoocs Complexion!  The Flower of Good Health  Worms sap thc strength and undermine thc vitality of children. Strengthen ihcin by using Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator to drive out thc  parasites.  A Gorman Incident  In a little Rhincland village near  thc border of Holland there is, says  a Dutch report, a smith whose three  sons have been killed in the war.  When he heard of thc death of thc  youngest he burst into fury at thc  consolation tendered to him that his  sons had met with a hero's death for  the Fatherland. He exclaimed:  "VV'hat do thc Fatherland and thc  kaiser matter to me!" and hurled a  beer glass at a bust of'-thc kaiser  which stood on his mantlcpiccc. For  this a charge has been preferred  against him for "cross   misconduct"  The true secret of complexion lies  in the blood. Keep it rich, pure, nutritious, and, above all, keep the system regular. No aid to complexion  compares with Dr. Hamilton's Pills.  They tone and enrich the blood, clear  the system of waste products, promote good digestion, .and in short,  establish sound health, which,' after-  all, is the kcynotc,of all happiness and  well-being. Don't delay; tlie charm  of a lovely complexion and all the  blessings of health arc yours, once  you employ this old-lime family  remedy. All dealers sell Kami!ton's  Pills in 25c.boxes.  Out on Egypt's sands thc Territorials were camped. Thc captain of the  company was all thai a captain should  not he. He was short aud stout and  round of shoulder. Needless to say,  among his men he was knownas  "ifumphy. One night, on returning  to camp, the sentry let him go unchallenged, aud so roused his military  wrath. "What thc Blue Alsation  Mountains do you mean?" he snapped  out. "Why didn't you demand the  countersign?" Thc sentry trembled  with fear so badly that his wits got  shaken. "Bcdad, sir," he stammered,  "1 thought you was a c-c-c-amcl."  I.Iinard's   Liniment Cures Diphthera.  Visitor���������To what do you attribute  your remarkable health? Octogenarian���������Well, I reckon I got a good start  on most people by being born before  germs were discovered, thereby having less to worry about.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo,  cure to Sun, Dusiand Wind  quickly relieved by Muring  Eye Reaiudy. No Smarting,  _ just  liyc  Comfort.    A*  your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eya  Ba!veinTubes25c. ForHoohollheEyeFreeask  Pnijjgisu or MurineEye Semcdy Co., CWcofjo  Value of Advertising  Big Corporation    Decides to    Shelve  Old Policy and Use Newspaper Space  The Bethlehem Steel Company has  entered upon a campaign of newspaper advertising which is epoch-  making. Display advertisement space  is being utilized in a list of 3,500  newspapers. Thc purpose of lhe campaign is to present the casc^of thc  Bethlehem company in regard to thc  propoccd establishment of an armor  plant by the United States government.  Thc most important phase of this  matter is thc belated decision by a  great corporation that a policy of  secrecy is disastrous. Silence on the  part of a corporation, when its interests arc at stake, denotes a fear to  meet thc issue in the open. Corpo: .-  tions will generally recognize in this  scnsaliona*. action of the Bethlehem  company, the opportunity to -.hem  for trying their cases before a jury  of 'the whole people���������and as this  method gains adherents the necessity  for lobbyists at Washington and at  stale capitals, of corruption funds,  and of intrigue, will vanish. Thus  thc policy of publicity nosv adopted  by Mr. Schwab will have a revolutionary effect. Win or loscj so fat-  as this present issue is concerned,  he will have established a precedent  which must rule with "big business"  in the future���������that of working with,  not against, public opinion. "Thc  day of thc clear light" seems less of  a vision because of the significant  event.���������Editor and Publisher, New  York.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big: laundry  bills.     Wash   it  with  soap   and  water.     All  stores  or direct.     State style and  size.     For  25c. we will mail you.,  THE AIU.INGTON COMPANY OF  CANADA, Limitod  58 Fraser Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  "Wood's 5?hos-pMia9,;  Tha  Great. English   Remedy.  Tones end invigorates tho v/holo  jiiervou? system, makes new Blood  in old Veins, Cures Nervous  Debility, Menial and Brain Worry. Despondency, Loss of JCnergy, J'alpilalion cf the  Heart, Failing Memory. Price St per box, six  forSS. Onovrillpleaae, six will euro. Sold by all  druggists or wailed in plain pkg. on  receipt of  Krice. Xrwynrnfihlrt mailed free. THE WOOD  lEOlCIKECO.,T0a0HT0,0ST.  (Formerly WainsJ  ������HE WEWriENCH REMEDY. N������������. N.2. ������,������.'  THERAPION ii������&i������  Rr;at success, cubes chronic weakness, lost vigor  8: VIM KIDN'EV. BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD TOI^ON.  PILES EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CT3  PCLGKRA CO, 90. BEEK.UAN ST NEW VORKor LYMAN BROS  roso.-jTo write for FREE BOOK TO D.I. LE CLERC  Med Co UaverstockRd.Hampstkad,London.eno.  rRVHfilVDRAGEElTASTELESSlFORMOF   EASV T0 TAK*  THERAPION r.^oDcuRS.  SEE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THERAPION' IS OH  BRIT. GOVT STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACUJSTS,  They Fooled 'Em  "Did anyone discover that you were  a bride and groom on your honeymoon?"  "No; wc fooled everyone. Instead  of calling each other by our first  names, I called Jim Air. Black and he  called mc Miss Pinkly, just as wc did  before wc were even engaged. We  were just as formal with each other  as strangers would be."���������Detroit Free  Press.  Russia Goes Ahead  The liberalization of Russia is going forward at a tremendous rate  despite thc war. The act of thc  douma granting lo the present class  the same civil rights lhat arc enjoyed  hi' other citizens is almost as great  a step forward as was the establishing  of the douma.���������Buffalo Express.  Willis���������"i\fy wife has just ordered  the most daring bathing-suit of the  season."  Gillis���������"Now I suppose she will  write for circulars of the various summer resorts."  Willis-*- "No, she is writing for  copies of their municipal ordinances."  ���������New  vork Times,  Doctor (to patient)���������You've had a  pretty close call. It's only your  strong constitution that pulled you  through. Patient���������Well, doctor, remember that when you make out your  bill.  aSjgSaaUBaiim^Mj^kaj.^iftaflltBBi^^  SOLD BY AU GOOD StidE DEALER?  WOBiV by evert mEt-iber or the vwflfit THE   WN��������� . GBAND   FOBK$,   B��������� CL  /������  ah  FINDING THAT TRADE IS BASED  ON FRIENDSHIP  Germany Will Have to Learn'Through Bitter Experience Thai  Between   Nations,   as   Well   as   Individuals,   Trade   is  Destroyed by Inhuman Motives and Lawlessness    o ��������� ���������   Lloyd George  Germany is now finding out that a  nation's strength is not in thc length  ������f its, unsheathed sword, but in the  range and stability of its people's  trade. And even before the first fruits  of Germany's harvests of war-hate are  reaped, the German people, to their  sorrow and irreparable loss, arc being plainly taught that the basis of  trade with the people of other countries is not arrogant and insolent AVill-  to-Power,. but the honest and much-  despised   Will-to-Serve. -.-.-  Prince von Buelow, in his new y'ol-  ' tunc on "German Policies," issued the  other day in Berlin, is spokesman for  this new lesson in Germany's sad  school of experience. This former  German chancellor,' in an accent almost of pathos, urges the seriousness  of thc economic situation which faces  thc German empire as a result of enmities and antipathies engendered by  thc war.' That situation will grow yet  more and more serious. .It is .Germany's real peril after the war." To  guard against it von Buelow declares  that" it is of thc utmost importance.  "To retain, to restore, and to  strengthen /connections with those  States with which Germany did not  cross swords, irrespective of whether  thc propaganda of the enemy press  and enemy agitators influenced thc  feelings of the people against us during the war. Here, political,.necessities must disregard national likes and  dislikes,   even' though; they  be  jit'sti-  This informed student of Germany's  trade situation is not misled, as others'x  of his countryriien have been misled,  by what dazzles lesser-minds. Their  Jiopes are based on a Zollverein of  Middle-Europe,, a great and continuous area of trade from lhe North Sea  to the Persian Gulf, and comprising,  '. all told, -"Germany, Austria, Serbia,  Bulgaria, Turkey,--'Asia'-.- Minor, and  Syria." Every German economist  knows that with only those markets  German industries would not work  half-time, Germany's Sea-borne trade  would languish, and the German fleet,  ���������which must-be carried "on thc shoulders of her merchant shipping, would  become waterlogged. All of Germany's allies are, at best, countries  of low wage-rate, and a Zollverein so  composed would be, so far as economic trade is concerned, little more  than an agreement to "take in one  another's washing."  And over against such a Middle-  Europe enclave there will stand' the  great trading countries of Europe,  Asia, Africa, and America, that have  scaled with the blood of their free  citizens their covenant of war, a covenant which will lipid against the unrepentant and uncivilized Teuton  traitor in the coming days of peace.  . Britain, the British Dominions and  all thc British Empire, with Russia,  and France and Italy and Japan and,  sympathetically, China���������these are the  countries that have learned to    their  ���������"cost the depth of Germany's treachery, and they will not let the serpent  strike them twice. Caught once unprepared for war, they will not be  caught unprepared for peace.  And what hope can there be for  Germany in any compensating trade  with the very few neutral countries,  especially with a democracy like the  United States, whose every principle  of liberty Germany has mocked at,  and whose 'prosperity during these  war times has been dependent oh  Britain and thc Allies, and in spitcof  Germany and her proposed Zollcrein?  With the United States leading for  "a League to Enfbrce Peace," and  for substituting commercial boycott  for war against any nation lhat violates the world's peace, von Buelow's  schemes "to retain, to restore, or to  strengthen connections" will not  greatly avail: especially will those  "schemes" miscarry when all thc advantages of American trade are with  ihosc trading nations lhat have held  the world's economic liberty against  the military despots who would sacrifice everything for Germany's world  domination.  Germany must learn, and learn  through bitter but wholesome experience, lhat trade's ideal world is a J  neighborhood and not a jungle, and |  that between nations, as between individuals, profitable trade is based on  the good will of a friend and is destroyed by thc lawlessness of a.cutthroat.���������Toronto Globe.  Gen. Smuts Praises Canadians.  A despatch from Gen. Smuts, commanding thc British and African  forces invading German East Africa,  concerning operations in that war  theatre, mentions among others the  following officers:  Lieut-Col. P. K. Scott, formerly of  thc Canadian Militia, now in the ordnance department of thc Imperial service; Capt.' H. T. Skinner, formerly  of Kingston, now in thc Indian army  (Capt. Skinner was wounded in  April); Capt. L, C.Swecny, formerly  of thc Canadian Militia, now in the  Indian army, and who wag recently  awarded thc Military Cross; and  Lieiit.-Col. C. U. Price, formerly a  tic Id officer in thc Canadian Militia.  What a Sea Fight Means  The Supreme    Glory of the    British  Navy That Men Place Duty Always Before Personal Safety  What is the real character of a battle at sea under modern conditions?  Wilson Young, in an article in" the  London Times, helps us to understand. "It is more ringed with terror  than any other human experience.  Each man commits himself with a  thousand others, to a vulnerable shell,  and launches it into an arena sheeted  and bolted with flame and concussion.  He can do nothing for his own safety, but.only for the common purpose."  If his ship is mortally wounded, he  passes not to a hospital or dressing  station, but into the cold sea, where  also disappears patients and surgeons  in the very act of, operating.  Know ing this, he -must! go on doing  quietly and cooly the exact work for  which he has been trained���������work, perhaps, : such,as other men do in the  calm of a chemical- laboratory.���������: .' He  may have to perform the most delicate scientific operations with the utmost care, conscious that he has only  'a minute or. two to live in this world.  Mr. Young says:  "It is the supreme glory of the  British 'navy���������sometimes. 1 think the  supreme achievements of the British  race���������that thousands and thousands  of men arc always ready to do this  as a mattar of-course; do it easily, desire to do it. There is no one to whom  life is sweeter, than to the average  sailor, whose mental habit is to be  always looking forward to ple-ajures;  and there is no one who can bv utterly put aside the pr.e-occupation of  safely and lose himself in his immediate duty. How else, indeed, would  such events as Beatty's single-handed  fight with the German battle fleet be  possible? If men thought of themselves in such a situation, their .demoralization would be indescribable,  and the names Queen Mary, Invincible, and Indefatigable would be  names of tcrror.LTnstcad of which it  is the high morale which is indescribable, and these names arc names of  glory."      ���������-,     ���������  There are some consolations, which  do not detract from thc glory. The  care of the wounded and their sufferings are not much heard of in a  modern sett fight. Every action is a  matter of life or death? The mass of  those who die, die at once. Their mortal remains sink into the great salt,  sanitary sea, as their souls arc launched upon the unknown seas of eternity.���������Toronto Star.  Pig Clubs and Bank Deposits  American    Bankers Arc    Helping to  Finance Hog .Breeders  Bankers in many states arc realizing the value of pig club work as a  means of improving rural conditions,  according to club agents of the United  States department of agriculture. Not  a few of the bankers have mads it  possible for worthy club members to  secure pigs on their personal notes.  In this way a well-bred pig is secured  and thc member can pay for it from  the proceeds of thc pig as a meat animal or from the sale of offspring in  thc case of a breeding animal. Thc  member enters into a business iigrcc-  ment with  the banker.  This apparent generosity on the  part of bankers is in many cases business acumen. A case in point is that  of a Texas bank, whose president  placed 326 pigs among pig club members of his country. As a result of  the acquaintance made in securing  and placing these pigs, many new  patrons were secured. These patrons  brought in more than $75,000 in individual deposits. This was profitable  business for thc bank. Thc boy;  whom he has helped to get started in  thc hog business arc now on their  feel financially and before many years  they will be making big shipments of  hogs to market each year. Thc money  received from the sale of hogs will  be expended in further developing  the country. Every merchant in lhe  county will profit, thc banks will get  more deposits, and farmers will have  more money with which to develop  their farms."���������Breeders' Gazelle.  He is the Irresistible Driving Power  In Great Britain  When there is any work to be done  in England extraordinary hard and  unattractive involving great responsibility, thc cry ]=, "Let Lloyd George  do it!" And yet no man in thc realm  is more abused. Every'crime in the  political calendar is fastened on him.  Old party associates fling the epithet  of traitor at him. If wc believe his  detractors he is untrue to his chief  and concerts with Mr. 'Asquith's enemies by stealth, revealing cabinet  secrets to them. Mr. Lloyd George is  accused of abandoning thc convictions of a life-time of betraying labor, of grasping greedily at power, of  cultivating all thc vices that honest  men despise in politicians'. Of late  a dead set/has been made at him by  the most brilliant pamphleteers -who  serve r'-ie Liberal party. They have  done ;tii in their power to drive him  f"om public life.   ������������������'���������  Mr. Lloyd cGorgc has often been  unpopular, andhc has always had enemies who exhausted the language of  vituperation in assailing him. As the  most radical of reformers he excited  such bitter hostility that he could  not show his face anywhere without  being reviled; He;; opposed the Boer  war; with speech that enraged Englishmen of every class. His . peace  crusade of 1900-2 divided the Liberal  .part3\ Today he is the most aggressive of'militants,' and there are Liberals who suspect kim of plotting to  destroy, the coalition cabinet in order  to raise himself to the premiership on  its ruins. His enemies multiply hourly, and they, would drag him: down if  they could, in spite-of his great services to the empire since the entrance  of England into the war.  Among them arc sincere men who  believe that he is an unscrupulous and  dangerous politician.  It must be admitted that Mr. Lloyd  George when he had7 an opportunity  at     Conwav    to answer his  A   SPECIAL   INQUIRY   BY   FEDERAL   AUTHORITIES  Japan's Big Guns  The Little Japs' Big Guns Arc Doing  Good Work For Russia  Wc have heard a great deal about  Japan in the European war. Shortly  after she declared herself on the side  of the allies there was some difficulty  between China' and Japan which  brought Japan prominently before the  public. This was quickly smoothed  over and little more has since been  heard of Japan, mainly because it has  riot been necessary for her to take  any active part-in the war, cither by  naval or land forces.  But recent events show that she has  been of very great assistance. Strangely enough, her help has been given to  Russia with whom she so successfully  waged one of the bloodiest of modern  wars just a few years ago. The rapid  advance of the Russian forces and  their utter route of the Austrian army  over a7 front of 100 miles or more at  one of the most criticalperiods of'the  war is due in great measure to the  little Japs' big guns. They have developed a large field gun which is said  to be much more than the equal of  any gun of any of the enemy forces.  In addition, they have developed a  new high explosive shell for this monster. It's power of destruction is said  to be almost beyond belief and much  more terrific than any explosive    so  critics I far used in this war.   The combination  evaded" their gravest charge"that    he! of this big gun and terrible new shell,  had conspired with the opposition to  m quantities, in the hands of a great  force his own views upon the premier.  But he abused thc counsel.for tire  other side with all, his old Vigor of  epithet. It is unreasonable to suppose that where there was so much  smoke a little fire crackled? -Nevertheless,'it was Lloyd George who was  selected to brin ; order out of chaos  in Ireland and reconcile factions that  breathed slaughter one against the  other;, and now again it is Lloyd  George who is regarded as the logical successor of Lord Kitchener to  the post of secretary of state for war.  The ^explanation of what scheme so  paradoxical is that with all his inconsistency and vaulting ambition  Lloyd George is recognized as indis-  pensible to the empire in its crisis.  He, like Kitchener, realized how titanic was the task Great Britain had  set herself in the war; that it would  last for years, and that all her resources must be mobilized and employed with skill and daring if thc  designs of Germany'were to be frustrated. Lloyd George is the man who  does things, politics or no politics.  Not another man in.the country could  have made such a success of the difficult and delicate work of minister  of munitions. He has nomonopoly of  brains Hn the cabinet, but his is ..the  irresistible driving power. He. may  have thrown overboard principle and  consistency, but it was, in his view,  for the common cause/for the salvation of thc empire.���������New York Sun.  A fund of $100,000 has been raised  in Houston, Texas, to be loaned to  dairymen at a low rate of interest,  and paid back from receipts for milk  and butler. Every bank in Houston  and many prominent business men  subscribed to the fund. It has hern  decided to purchase 200 high-grade  dairy cows lo be distributed among  farmers in coastal counties at cost  price.  Future of the Turks  Thc hour of disillusion for the  Turks has struck. It is thc crucial  hour for their government, perhaps  the hour for their doom. For the  people it may be a new beginning, the  significance of which they can as yet  but very imperfectly estimate. Russia  has some thirty million Moslem subjects, peaceful and prosperous like  the Moslem subjects of Great Britain,  France and Holland. Thc Turks arc  enduring intolerable suffering as thc  result of thc entrance of their government into war. Thc return of peace  will find them stripped of all that  makes life worth -living. In despair  they will cling to any sincere offer of  help.. Such offers will be made by  those they arc now told to count their  enemies. But Americans only will be  so situated that they can give them  both thc material and the spiritual aid  of which they will be conscious they  are in dire need. .It may be our privilege and glory to take thc lead in  saving not only an ancient Christian  race, but a vigorous Moslem race also from destruction.���������From "Armcn-  inns and American Interests LTnder  Russia," by Rev. George F. Herrick,  D. D.. in the American Review of Reviews for July.  "Do you ever woi.y, old man?"  picver."  "How do you work it?"  "In the daytime I'm too biMiy  and  iat night I'm too sleepy."  "What have you got in thc fihapo of  cucumbers this morning?" asked a  customer of an incxpcriefrccd .shop assistant. "Nothing but banana;,,  ma'am!" replied thc youth.    '  Kiel Governor is Getting Ncivcus  An official announcement signed by  Mcc-Admir.il I3arhmann, Governor of  the Kiel district, placing further restrictions on vessels running between  German and foreign ports, is printed  in ihc  Kiel Zeitung:  The only ports henceforth open to  traffic on the east coast of Schleswig-  Holstcin arc the commercial harbors  of Kiel and Laboe. Ship*,' crews will  be allowed ashore only within a limited space facing the vessels when loading or unloading. Visits aboard other  ships are strictly forbidden. Captains  and seamen will be permitted uptown only when guarded by policemen  or soldiers, except by special permission of thc governor.  Discharged neutral seamen must  leave Germany forthwith. All ships  departing from Laboe or Kiel must  have a military guard aboard lo a  distance off shore.  Splended Work Has Already Been Done for Returned Soldiers  as Shown by the Report of the Military Hospitals Commission, Many Problems Having Been Dealt With   .���������0    Rehabilitation of returned soldiers,  with thc ralhcr complicated machinery which thousands of cases calling  for different kinds of treatment make  necessary, has been attended by most  encouraging results, according to the  report of the Military Hospitals Commission issued by Secretary E. H.  Scammcll of Ottawa. Co-operation  between thc medical branch of thc Department of Militia and thc Hospital  Commission, together with thc invaluable aid extended by the Assistant  Directors of Medical" Services and  their assistants in the various military  divisions, have helped to simplify the  problem which the Commission has  been called upon to solve.  In thc face of a situation which has  never before presented itself in Canada, the Commission consider that the  administration up till the present is a  matter of congratulation for them.  \Sanatoria and other special institutions for men requiring individual  treatment arc expected to be needed  when the volume of returned men  becomes greater . At present, soldiers  'who have.contracted tuberculosis are  given treatment in sanatoriums at '  Gravcnhurst and elsewhere, at the  Government's expense. The establishment of a hospital for rheumatic cases  and another for mental disorders and  nervousness due to shock is under  way.  Very few Canadians have been  blinded while on active service. The  few who have totally lost their sight  arc given instruction in England, and  on their return to Canada are able to  secure literature from the Canadian  Free Library for the Blind. In most  cases it is thought that men who have  suffered blindness will become self-,  supporting with the aid of a pension.  Besides thc problem of obtaining  immediate employment for the sol-  diers^ the advisability of devising'a  practical method of placing returned  soldiers on the land is one that is absorbing the attention of the Commission. ;. This, however, gives promise of  becomming so intricate that the Commission advises a special inquiry to  be instituted by thc Federal authorities. Another large problem which  lies in the future is that of obtaining  employment for thc many thousands  who will return to Canada after the  war.  In connection with the list of convalescent hospitals published in the  Commission's report, the fact is noteworthy that all thc buildings have  been given rent free, and that many  of them have been fitted up by private individuals and institutions.    .  The list of convalescent homes from  thc Atlantic to the Pacific coast, together with the number who can be  accommodated in each institution, is  as   follows:���������Ross. Military Hospital,  Sydney, N. S., 45; Parks Flospital, St.  John, N. B., 35; Beauvoir Manor Military Hospital, Quebec;    Savard Park  Military Hospital, Quebec, 150; Khaki  League.Military  Flospital,  Montreal,  44; St. George's Annex, Montreal, 55;  Khaki Home, Montreal;  Grey Nun's  Hospital, Montreal, 125; Sir Sandford  Military Hospital,  Ottawa,  72;   Elm-  hurst Military Flospital, Kingston, 50;  Richardson    Alilitary Flospital, Kingston,   35;    Longwood   Hospital, Toronto, 25;  Central  Military Hospital,  Toronto, 130; Spadina Military Hospital, which will accommodate 250 when  completed; Victoria Flospital, Hamilton, 35;    Bclvidcre Hospital, London,  35;  Central    Hospital,    London, 130;  Kecfer Hospital, Port Arthur;    Deer  Lodge,  Winnipeg, which will accommodate    130    when    completed;    St.  Chad's Flospital, Rcgina, 70;    Ogden  Hospital,    Calgary,    140;    Esquimalt  Hospital, Victoria', 100.  Russian strategist and backed by  enormous enthusiastic armies, has got  the Austrians "on the run" and we  arc all hoping that the run continues  to the final end of "Austria,- Germany,  and alb of their allies.  Japan's part may not: b������ very spectacular but it is certainly very valuable.���������North Shore Press, Vancouver.  Organized Agriculture  France Provides for the Organization  of the Farming Population  ; A decree of the minister of agriculture in France provides for the organization' of the farming population  in every rural commune in the republic. . A commune corresponds to our  township. In each commune there  has been established under thc decree  an agricultural committee consisting  of farmers who are elected by ihem-  selves. Thc minister's object was to  create "a permanent body composed  of the pick of the farmers belonging  to each rural commune, which body  shall be thc centre of action and regulate the general activity." The committees elected consist of 5, 7 or 9  men, according to the population of  thc district. The body is entrusted  with the general organization of farming operations and the overseeing of  the cultivation of the land. Farms  owned by soldiers who cannot cultivate them are managed by the committee, if necessary. The committees  really are agricultural syndicates,  similar to thc co-operative agricultural societies which are doing good  work elsewhere abroad and in parts  of America.  Even before lhe war French agriculture was s.trongiy organized and  remarkably prosperous. Under thc  new decree it will be more efficient  and productive. In her crisis France  has shown a quickness and logicalncss  of mind, a power of imagination and  adaption, and a resource of courage  and will which arc thc admiration of  all fair observers. She has manifested  a genius for getting at thc fundamental thing in a sound, fundamental  way at thc right time. Thc general  scheme in accordance with which thc  French rural communes have been o."-  ganizeel is worthy and capable of  adoption in hundreds of communities  in this country. It is the small, wieldy,  ��������� working community unit which toothings. Organize large unit*, *;id  thus eliminate the personal, neighborhood element, as an organization  of farmers becomes impersonal, unwieldy and political. It degenerates  into a mere list of names, which interested officials arc apt to t:������c for  political   purposes  only.      The  *>mal  No Solitude for Strathcona  Donald Smith became Lord Strathcona and Mounl Royal, and his place  in history is secure as one of the  great builders of our modern North  America. It all began in thc unlik-  licst place imaginable, lhat lost fur  slore in the wilds of Labrador, and  Smith tells us thc secret iu his own  words:  "People   speak  of  lhe    solitude  of  rural social unit is being formed and j Labrador. It wasn't solitude for inc.*  organized in America. Where it has i I knew everything there, from thc  been developed, and given a fair oldest white traders _ and fishermen  chance, it has functioned effectively, io the youngest Indian hunlcrs and  The idea of which it is the concrete Kxkimos, and even their dogs. I knew  expression will logically and incvitab-j every turn in the coast line and bend  ly be adopted by every farming com-   in lhe river, and every natural object   ' ' '" had an interest for me.   As for ennui,  1 can honestly say I did not know thc  meaning of thc term. Time never  heavily on my hands. I was always  busy, ami when I had no actual or  definite task 1  was planning."  Men of that sort arc the makers of  ihe world.���������Colliers.  niunity in  which  thcr<- is a  sufficient  population spurred by necessity.  Kitchener Trod a Lonely Path  ll was largely because they put  faith in the iron resolution which they  ascribed to this cold, impassive, silent  man that our people trusted him so  fully. Jt was his doggedncss in doing  thc work that he was set to do that  won them, because it was akin to their  own temperament. Fie had none of  the gifts by which politicians woo  their favors. He was no orator. Tic  did not seem to court thc multitude.  Ho had few friends. It was a strange  loneliness that he trod the path of  duly, but he trod it, as they believed,  with a stern and unwavering purpose.  ���������London Times.  Thc Use. of Gas  Thc use of poison gases is a barbarous method of warfare, but the action of ihc Germans in adopting it  forced thc allies to do likewise. Its  use. by thc Germans very nearly forced thc road to Calais, and probably  would have done so if it had not been  for the unconquerable valor of thc  Canadian troops, whom even poison  gas could not defeat.���������Montreal News. THE   SUN.    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  aBMibiMa-Ma^^  <&&&!&^&&iH&BZS&&ai!iii������,  SAVE  YOUR  FOR THE  Dominion War Loan  TO BE ISSUED IN SEPTEMBER.  By purchasing a bond you will help  to WIN THE WAR and obtain for  yourself arVi investment of the highest  class yielding a most attractive rate  of interest.  DEPARTMENT  OF FINANCE  OTTAWA.  Sergt. R. Campbell arrived in the  city from Vernon on Thursday  afternoon, and will visit bis family  here until Sunday.  Open Season  Synopsis  of  game   law for Grand  Forks district, 1916:  Grouse   (all   kinds)���������Sept. lo   to  Nov. 30.    Hag limit, 12 in one day.  Ducks���������Sept. 1 lo Jan. 31.  Geese���������Sept. I to March 31.  Black-tail   Deer    (mule   deer)���������  Bucks  only, over   one year   in age,  D. L. McElroy   has   finished   his' Sept. 1 to Dec. 15.  contract for hauling 2000 poles from j     White tail   Deer   (both   sexes)���������  Fourth   of   July   creek to Spencer. ' Sept. 1 to Dec   Jo    Deer must have  lie   is   now    hauling   ore from the  the head   left, on, as the   person in  Sapho mine to Midway. possession of   deer   must   prove  its    sex. The bag limit is not more than  Charles Hammerstadt was injured : three deer of one kind,   or   if   both  in the Mother Lode mine   on   Mon-1 black-tailed   and   white-tailed deer  day by an ore.car striking him. are killed the limit is four altogether    j     Cariboo (male only)���������Sept.   1   to  Hon.    Martin     Burrell     visited  Dec. 15. -  Greenwood on Monday. Bear���������Open sea������on all year round  ���������  Fur-bearing Animals���������Nov.   1   to  Prohibition Fund       *��������� j April 30, I9i7..  The greatest issue in the election1 ' Close season on prairie chicken,  campaign for the highest welfare of <JuaiI> ring-neck, pheasants, meadow  the province was that of prohihi- larks, doves and other small birds,  tion. It cost a large sum of money Birds nf Prey-Crows and kine-  to finance the campaign. There is fishers, fish-hawks, fish ducks, etc,  a large deficit-expecied to be about are "Ot protected  No  bear.  may   be  sold  except  SS000. Vancouver has   doiie   pobly  to meet expenses.    Other cities   are  responding.    Some   of   our citizens _ ��������� :   have already contributed   liberally.;     '-If the Northwestern apple ship  Are there others to   help out in this  pers refuse to  be   stampeded  good  most worthy cause? i prices should be realized this year,"  M. D. McKee,  Secretary Treasurer,  paid L. J. Blot of the SpokaneFruit  Growers company recently.  And  now  is  the  time   to think of  _ summer wearables.   We can supply  your Wants, and, remember, all at .Reduced  Prices, so naturally it is to your advantage to  do your shopping here.  ,      Everything  SlllElgS   to  make  a  en's summer  man cool and comfortable even during the approaching hot weather. Light weight summer  underwear, outing shirts, cashmere," worsted and  cotton socks.  Suits for  men and  young men, made of line worsteds, mohairs, cheviots   and   summer  serges.    Latest style find workmanship.   It's natural you should want the best.  B        r 1        Let  us  (ill your grocery orders for the  cit-clDieS  coming    month.     (rood    iroods.    Good  Ready!   Men's Smart Suits  service.    Low prices. Prompt delivery.  I V ~���������'-.T\  '  ."3 '  '��������� .������>  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  Dates of Fall Fairs  The department of agriculture  has  issued the following full fair dates for  iho season of I91(i:  Circuit 3���������  Chilliwack, September 13-15.  Aldergrove, September 15.  Matsqui, September 16.  Langley, September 19.  Richmond, September 19-20.  Burquitlam, September 21.  Circuit -I-��������� ^  Barriere, September 13.  Hefley Creek, September 1*1-15.  Pritchard, September 19.  Kamloops, September 20-22.  Salmon Arm, September 22-23,  Kelowna, September -26-27.  Armstrong, Sept, 2t>-Oct. 2.  Eagle River (Malakwa), October 3  Circuit :j���������  Gateway. .September 5.  Cranbrook, September G 7.  Windeiiiere, September 13 14.  Go?den, September lo.        "'  FruitVale, September IS.  Trail, September 19-20.  Nelson, September 20 22.  Boswell, September 22.  Grand Forks^Septemher 25  Greenwood, September 27.  Circuit 0 ���������  Revelstoke, September 21-22.  liobion, September 25.  Slocan City, September 26.  New Denver, September 27-28.  Burton, September 30.  Needles, October 3-4.  Arrow Lake (Nakusp),  Oct. -1-5.  Croston, October 7.  Circuit 7���������  Nicola, October 6.  Penticton, October 9-10.  Sumrnerland, October 11-12.  Kahuna Ika (Oyama), October M.'  ���������26.  Addressing Mail  to Soldiers  In order to facilitate the lniridliti"  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery it' is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), staff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent  (st)   British Expeditionary Force.  (h) Army Post, London, England.  - Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as brigades, d visions,  is strictlv forbidden, and causes delay  The Sun, at SI-a year, is superior  to any ������2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those" we already have.  A German spy caught red-htinrlpd  was ori his vvav to be shot. "I think  you Englishmen are brutes," he  growleil, "to m^rch me through this,  rain and slush."- "Well," said the  "Tommy" who was escorting him  "What about" me? I have to go  back in it."  The Puyallup cannery   is   trying  to buy all the available pears in Ya  kima county.  LAND ACT  Similkameen Land   District, District  of  Yale.  TAKF NOTICE"that Robert Ritchie.  of Cascade. B. C, occupation  farmer, intends to apply for pe-rmis  sinri to purchase the following de  scribed lands: Commencing at a post  planted at or near tbe S. 15. corner of  part af Lot <19S (now owned by An '  drew Willey); thence east 52S feet:  thence north 990 feet; thence west  52ri feet; thence south 9!)0 feet to  point of commencement  ROBERT RITCHIE,  Applicant.  Dated July 20th, 1910.  Poultry men  Improve Your  Flocks  For Salk���������Fifty S.U.White  Leghorn Cockerels. Bred  for egu,' production only.  Your choice at $2.00 each.  J. A. c^WcCALLUM,  (IRANI) FORKS, U. C.  r  Eor Up-to-Date Jewellery*'  Go to  Timberlake, Son &> Co. _  Newest Styles Choicest Patterns  Lowe^st Prices   ���������; The Quality Jewellers  [Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grant! Forks  ���������wiMMwuMirii n  ornson,s  Has  a  full stock of Groceries---Fruits  and  Vegetables m season���������at RIGHT PRICES  Try Our Blue Ribbon   Tea at 45c -per Pound  None Better  Phone 85  First Street  Grand Forks  A skillful (bitterer never wants for  material or lacks results.  Yale  Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  P. A.   Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Y.-VLK MOTKL, FlltST Stuhkt  ountei  ecK  ^OOKS  Made in Toronto. ; The  bf\st counter check bookd  on the riiarket todaCy.  nees  We have a two years'  contract to handle these  books. Call and see samples  he kion  Off*  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture.   Made   to  Order."  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  ��������� Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.C.iVIcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  ��������� ^!.v>.4f*>vOi/;  \iunj  />  m  =3  The man at thc head of affairs  whether at home or in business,, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our' paper (joes into the best cl.ic.s  of home* and is read by the. head of  the family. That accounts for tlu  results obtai-ned by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKH  your  repairs to   Armson, sboii   re  pairer.    The   Hub     Look  for  the   BitT  Coot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  i^sx   UIGHBMT.CASH PRICES naid for old Stiiv.*  ICJtC    "    l"1    Kni'S's.    JK. C  PeoUliuni,   Scoiinil*  Imnd Store.  Send only 5/- with Order for any Article and You pay balance on Delivery.  N������ matter where you live, you can have nl.> of thcie article* ������f  wear���������Iiitrxt London style���������hest Ilrltleli material* ui.d make-liy  return Mull Steamer, rend only 5/. with oruer. meaauri-ini-ntu it  ���������lie. Pay balance of price oil Deliver} of your Order into your  hands. You run ilrena as auiaitly aa up-to-dato l.ondonelh. l ou  cannot Rctnucli value for money anywhere rU*'. lu-i.tim ir. we aio  lariteihlppcrsofall kinds of wearing apparel, and ureal.le toMipi ly  ut Icjk than half umml prices, (Send a trial older. Yon will ho  deli|(litcd to know how you ran sa%e money and at ������.'������"e tlixe  <rni niuartlyaitd well by ordeilnn from JUhtkiu*' L'iuhsiai. and  i'oliEHis Sli'n.v StrntKH. beethenehnnialni  LONDON ^^VLt BLOUSES i SKinTb  Very atiiurt Uritlih I.adle������'������tyle.    W������l������e  wnnhlnx rich bilk Blum* with ������illi enilu..!���������  dcrnl front, turn-down collar, bytton culln  latect itvle, and hard-wmrlnK Black win  bkllt.   'Iho twoKaiuient������for26/-   illou.n  Natk ���������IzeR. J.'lb. H. " 14'^ IncliM.  Bklrt Blze., \V������l������t min . ^''in.    'Mn.  Lti.Eih, :il)l������.. -bin-. ���������Win.  BRIIISH LADIES)' i CtNTS' RAINCOATS  All rain md dint proof.    Colon���������  Cieen nnd (Jrey.     I'rlcen-fJeliU,  U i;: >reond quality. iiO -.   l.iidlc������.  'il - und ii Ii.   Chi'i.1 iiieiinttrmiiHit  for t.ent������ takeonr waii'tcoat; Io������  Ladin over ordinary dle>������.  .. i.j        r, .������������������  \Tt cunrant'-e erfryartlflo  Our ������ ar Guarantee ..hi, ami ������������r������ jeiivcry.  Should any   joihIii Ret lo.t In traiuli   we   miliira them  entlrelj  free ot charge.  BRITISH LAUItt* OUttNS     ,,  The laleal   -ty 1c with  irmiiii-il alinilrtera.  wnUtaiidrulIi..    lnfashloiu.hle.M.-l*erl������i-d  I'oplm ui.t. ilal III ���������Ian. Saxe.   Xn������y and  Black.   Mate colour and ilx������    I'rlef. Wl:  i7/li and ;ii;..   |||<^> l!u������t u easuruinentauil <j*JJ  liiiialli uf Skirt. rr  clotlnBO/*.  LADirS A DINTS rHGti6M-iV*DEB00T3  ,t   '.  r.nallnh l!ont������ boat nil far linnm'  wear, comfort, and wet and du*f  proof qualities. .Smart London  Strle������. I,������dlu������. 1.V-. Oents. IT.tl.  J-'ur Klr.e glt������ niitlliie of foot and  nny hlzo you wear.  FliEK  ILLUHTHATKU LIST  llinwlnshliiulredrtofu efill Altldel  of \\eiir..Iewell.iy. ������ atche-. Kllija  Urooiilnw. tcaenttoai; i-uatmiura  and enquirer* on requeat. Write to  ftfm/S^{.  'fT1*-*-*.'  ill  l������^T���������|-JV\,\ ������   f"--'i-i\\ and enquirera on requeat. >v rue to yr.    ���������  HOPE  STORES  4t������'4:'tV\  . ,        ENGLAND

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