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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 17, 1915

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 Kettle Valloy Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No,, 46  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 17, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  #  the  into   effect   of such a  IS PROFITABLE  A. D. Morrison has commenced  to market his grape crop. Mr. Morrison is thepioneer grape grower OQ  a commercial scale in this valley.  The.vines have now attained sufficient age ,to bear a good crop; the  yield this year will be about donble  what it was last year. From less  than half an acre of a- vineyard he  expects harvest over, 2500 pounds  of grapes," For these he finds a  .ready local market at-good prices,  aud be says this-is the most profitable crop in his,orchard. He has  nineteen varieties, and all ripen and  thrive-in this climate. The flavor  is superior to imported fruit, as the  fruit is allowed to ripen on the vine.  Mr. iVIorrison says there are large  tracts of hillside Und in this valley  t'*iat would make ideal vineyards,  and would prove a source of great  profit to the owners. The work of  successful grape culture, he says,  is not any greater, after the vines  have attained an age of two years,  than the libor n quired to grow apples or any other kind of fruit.  Liberals Prepared  ;: to Submit Liquor  Question to People  At a meeting  of the executive   of  the   Liberal patty of   British Columbia, held in Vancouver last  Monday,  the following resolution was adopted:  That whereas the Liberal   party   of  British   Columbia   stand   foremost in  their advocacy of measures   designed  . for the betterment of   existing conditions;  And whereas,, there exists a movement to have legislation enacted in  this province in favor of prohibition,  this desire finding expression in a request recently made to the government of our province to have the question submitted to the people, apart  from a generalelection:  'And whereas, the Liberal party  have gone on record as being in favor"  of removing the liquor question from  party politics;  And whereas, the proposal to .submit this question to the people introduces the principle of direct legislation;  And whereas, the principle of direct legislation is in the opinion of this  executive desirable, and that it should  not be limited in its application to  this one question, but should apply,  with proper safeguards, to other questions of province-wide import, and  believing that in the adoption of  direct legislation lies the best solution  of the liquor question as well as other  equally important problems, and that  its proper application would remove  many of the evils from which we are  now suffering;  Therefore, be   it   resolved   by    the  carrytug  policy;  And be it further resolved, that  should a vote of the people before a  general election be taken, such vote  showing a majority in favor of- prohibition, the Liberal party when re  turned to power will enact the neces"  sary legislation . to make effective the  will of che people.  The adoption of the principle of  direct legislation by the Liberals of  British Columbia places them in line  with the policy of the Liberals of the  great provinces of Albert and Manitoba. It may be of interest to point  out that the government of Alberta  found it advisable to enact their "Direct Legislation Act" as a base upon  which to submit the "Liquor Act"  which recently received the "overwhelming endorsation of the elector  ate of that province. The Alberta  "Direct Legislation Act" is very sim  pie yet very comprehensive in its en  actments.  Briefly stated, it provides   for   the  reference    to   the   electorate for. their  approval   of   acts   originating within  legislature itself.    This class   of   bills  are styled deferred bills.   They do not  become operative until    three- months  after the close of-the session   enacting  them.    If   before   the expiry of   the  three months-a petition* is   presented  from   a  specified   percentage  of the  electorate covering a certain   percentage' of   the .provincial constituencies,  "then the bill is submitted to the. electorate   for   their -approval.     If   approved the bill comes" into _ operation;  if not   approved, -the bill,_is removed  from the statute book;   "'>-'-    ''-'      "'t  Under another section of the act a  petition signed by a number  of   electors   equal to 20 per cent of the votes  cast at the last provincial election and  signed by at least.8 per   cent of >  the  number of votes cast at the Jast  elec  tion   from   each of 85 per cent of the  number   of   provincial  constituencies  may be presented asking for a   bill, a  copy of which accompauies   the petition, be placed before the electors.. If  such a bill is certified by the attorney  general   of   the province to be within  the constituional powers of the   legislature and does not require a grant of  money or an expenditure  of   revenue  the bill must bs submitted to the people for their   decision; if approved, it  must   be   enacted    by the legislature  without material change  ACTIVITY UT Ml  Increased   business   at   the Anyox  plant of the Granby Consolidated Mining, Smelting &,  Power company Iras  necessitated'thc installation of a  new  furnace which increases  the smelting  capacity to 3000 tons of   ore every 24  hours, or rofined product of   about 60  tons of copper per day.    Besides the  company's   own   ore, a   considerable  quanity of customs ore   from mines in  southeastern Alaska is being   smelted  at the plant. Since last May tho company has given an extra war bonus of  from   20   to   50  cents   per day to its  employees.    The  employees   in    turn  Liberal party of British 'Columbia   as .'have pledged   one   day's   pay   each  represented    by   its executive, pledge i month toward the  war relief fund, in  itself to tho policy of   submitting this ' addition to large oontributions to   the  question of prohibition to   the   people ��������� machine   gun  fund.    The   employees  by a referendum, and that this oxocu- j of this company are   particularly well  tive adopt the principle of direct Iegis-, pleased with tho   treatment   accorded  latioit and tho   prompt enactment   by   them by the management and  by the  the   Liberal   party   when   placed in ; provisions made for their accommoda-1  power of the necessary legislation   for  tion.  At the regular meeting of th'e city  council on Monday night all the members were present with the exception  of Aid. Bonthron.  Chief Savage asked the council to  install a telephone in the public  school building. Referred to the  water and light committee. ,  ��������� Ben Norris, who represents the  government in the work of completing  the cement sidewalk around the new-  post office,- wished to know why the  council had stopped from-going ahead  with the_ work. From the discussion  fhat followed it appeared that the  Grand Forks Concrete company had  a contract of two years' standing to  do the work, and that Mr. Norris  had let a new contract - to a Green-'  wooil party. On motion of Aid. Mc  Callum and Manly, a .committee con  sisting of the mayor, the clerk and  Aid. Donaldson was appointed tn ob  tain legal advice regarding the legality of the city's, undertaking with the  Grand Forks Concrete company  A communication from the ciry   of  North Vancouver offered a fire appar  atus for sale.    Filed.  A communication from the,, secre .  tary of the'Grand Forks Agricultural  association'extended an -invitation to  the mayor and aldermen to attend the sixth annual Grand Forks  fall faiiy-to be held en the 28th and  29th- inst. A request was also made  that the council proclaim two half  civic holidays during the exhibition.  Ou motion of Aid. McCallum and  Bickerton, the matter of proclaiming  the holidays was laid over for consideration at the next meeting  A communication from the board of  lizense   commissioners   requesten   the  council    to   take   up ani redraft the  trader's' license bylaw, as it had been  amended so many times that-at   pres  ent lt was difficult to correctly   interpret it.     On motion of  Aid.   Donald  son and Smith, the request   was  com  plied with.  Health    Officer Kingston   reported  that he inspected the  dairies  supply  ing milk in the city, and that he   had  found    them   in   a sanitary condition  and the milk was of a good quality.  The health officer recommended  that notice be sent to all parties keeping pigs in the city to either dispose  them or remove them outside the city  limits. The recommendation was  concurred in by the council.  A communication from Registrar  oi Land Titles Dunbar asked for a  blue print of the alteration in the  alley in the block on the corner of  Winnipeg avenue and Donald street.  The clerk was instruoted to send him  one.  The chairman of the finance committee recommended that the list of  list of delinquent taxes be advertised  and ihat the sale be held on October  15. Aid. McCallum and some of. the  other aldermen did not favor holding  a tax sale this year, in view of the  war ad existing conditions.   The mat-  been done in the West end, and street  work in other parts of the oijy was  progressing. The Bridge street bridge  was being replanked, and by tomor-  row night the work would be finished  and the bridge safe for any kind of  traffic.  The chairman of the^health.and relief committee reported that there  was one case in the city" requiring assistance.  The chairman of the water and light  committee recommended that pipe be  ordered for making the connection in  the main between .Water street and  the Great Northern station. It was  decided to defer the purchase of the  pipe for a few months.  The water and light committee was  authorized to purchase a stove for the  fire  hall.  The past months' accumulation of  accounts were ordered to be paid.  Aid. Bickerton gave notice that at  at the next meeting he would ask  leave to introduce a traders' license  bvlaw.  WILL BE FEATURE  Canada's Share  Canada has not .dealt in billions  of dollars and millions of men, but  .Canada has nevertheless made commensurate war sacrifices in money,  suffering and blood. The temper of  the Canadian soldier has already  been proven and approved in the  theatre of war, but the same bravery  of the home people in facing a rapidly rising .public debt has Jiad ' a  much less spectacular '-setting.  France, Britain and even Belgium  are fighting and making  sacrifices���������  but no greater sacrifices .in   propor I witnessed here in former years.   The-  tion-m the midst of a struggle that fair wi]l end with a big dance ou lhe.  The local individual ranch displays will be the special feature of  this year's Grand Forks'fair. There  will be five or.more entries in this  competition. A grand display from  the Dominion experimental farm  will also be made.  From present indications the fair,  which will be held on September 28  and 29, will be a bigger success ^than  in   any   previous   year., The prize  money in many sections  has   been  greatly increased, and.the  competition will therefore be keener and the  exhibits   of.   a'superior character!  One notable instance in which prizes  worth fighting for have   been   hong  up is for the best individual   ranch,  display.    These   are:     First   prizu,  ���������375; second, $50; third, 825; fourth,  810.    In the live stock section, the  amount  of   the   prizes  offered   for  registered  cattle   have   been   more  than  doubled   over  last year,  and  this fact should bring  out  the   best  exhibit in this section ever  seen   in  this portion of the province.'  The amusement part of  the   fair^  is not   to   bp neglected. The sports  committee is working ,hard  arrang-'  ing,an "excellent"program", of .horse '  races, athletic sports, etc., and these  features of the  exhibition   will   be  fully equal if not   superior  to those  actually threatens   their   existence,  but Canoda is giving lavishly of her  best blood and   money without any  thought that physically at  least she  is in danger from the Teuton.    Both  life and money are   more   precious,  too, to a country just entering upon  a period   of  national   development  Canada is giving humanity   one   of  the real returns   of  a frightful war.  It is the triumph of the   purest   patriotism and   unselfish   devotion   to  the mother country  uue.  Chicago Trib-  NEWS OF THE CITY  A special meeting of the license  commissioners was held in the city hall  Thursday evening, Commissioners  Bickerton and Dinsmore being present. Three of the down-town hotel  keepers were called before the meeting. They were accused of having  violated thc liquor traffic regulations  act, and cautioned to live up to its  rules in future. The accused parties  appeared to be as grieved over the fact  that they had been signaled out from  among qhe seven hotclkeepers in the  city to appear before the board, as  they were over the lecture tendered  them.  At the annual meeting of the Winnipeg   grain   exchange,    fast    week,  evening of the 29th.    ���������'  The sports committee are arranging a good program for two days-'  races at the fair grounds.  The city authorities and the board  of school trustees have been asked to  proclaim two half holidays during  the fair, and this request will undoubted be granted.  The judges of the exhibits will be:  Live stock, S H. Hopkins; poultry,  W. Miller Higgs; fruit and vegetables, P. E. French. Ladies from  the outside will be asked to award  the prizes in the home cooking and  iaiicy work departments.  The grand opening will take  place on Tuesday, September 28, at  1:30 p.m., when Mayor Robert Ginv,  assisted by Lome A. Campbell, M.  PP.; Mrs. Gaw and others will open  the sixth annual fair.  Entries   will   positively  close on  September 25.  Bridge street on October 1. There  will probably be two dances in the  building before that date. The  Daughters of the Empire .have been  tendered the use of the store for a  dance in the near future, and the fair  association will likely give its dance  thereon the closing night of the  fair.  S. 1'. Dixon, of Greenwood, has resumed work on the cement sidewalk  around the government building,   the  Sidney T. Smith,   retiring   president,   committee from tho city council, after  declared   that   the   1915 crop of the , ,jbtai,li"K le8al fl(Ivlt;e, Iiavi������������ decided  Canadian prairie west will total 5G5,- | t,,at the old co'lt|,(lct witl> "*   G'���������������������������������<������  ,       , 089,508 bushels from   an  acreage   of I Fueks   Concrete   company    was   not  ter was discussed at length, and it was  on -Qc, nn..       ., . ������ ' valid  e    ,,     ,.,,,,,,, \20 o88,0i).5.      Harvesting   conditions!  finally decided that the only   way    to I ,       ,   . .... |   ' are good and there   is   practically   no!  labor shortage to   handle   thc   crop in '     The annual general meeting of tlu;  litiUl, . shareholders of the Bertha  Codsolidn-  to!  collect   the   taxes   from   some of the  large   property   owner    would   be to  hold the sale  as recommended by   the  committee.  Tho chairman of the board of works   Fiirnituru  reported that some street grading had   into    their    ted Gold Mining   Company, Limited,  I'lie   Grand    Forks     Hardware   it   will   be  held   on Tuesday, .September  :ompatiy  expect to   move j 28, at 8 o'clock p.m., at tho   fiHi.ro   of  new   brick      block    on   th e rrompany in this city.  KSSSSESS������g539@19Sgei  iSSSKSaSZSKSS r>, <f).VW*������MJti.iI WMaNttJV*A-lll^������S^J������jt������j������i������t������T������IU^l3rij(j^lU^^rtii4:ijnt^ ]  THE    SUN,    GKAND   'FOltKS,    B. a  A GOOD CHEW IN A CLEAN WBAPPER.  10 CENTS PES' FOJ@  Taking Heavy Toll  War     is     Exhausting   Germany's  sources  in   Fighting   Men  Re  side by side with the enormous and  unexampled destruction of wealth by  war, there is going on an equally unheard ol' waste or human life. It' the  exhaustion on the., financial side may  tend to bring the conflict to a close,  tlie drain on the available supply ot  men must with at least 'equal certainty make its long .continuance' impossible. Hence the interest attaching  to such a computation asp that made  by 1-Iilaire Belloc of the German and  Austrian losses up to date. These ha  calculates to have .reached a' grand  total of 3,750,000���������that is 'of men permanently removed from ; the field by  death, capture or disablements I-lerice  the conclusion (hat the potential manhood for actual fighting of'the Teutonic allies has, within the first year,  probably been diminished from all  causes  by nearly . one-half.  This is a highly significant statement, if true, and there happens to be  some available statistics by which  nt least its probability may be tested.  Leaving out of sight the Austrian  contribution to the supply of "cannon  fodder,"' we are on. solid ground in  quoting from the census of the German empire of Dec. 1, 1910. That  showed a male population of 32,040,-  000 out of a total of 64,926,000. But  to ascertain the number of males of  military age���������that is, between 18 and  45, available for service four years  later on Dec. 1,-1914���������it is obviously  necessary to start with those between  the ages of 34 and 40' at the time the  census was taken. These' are found  to have numbered 14,413,039. After  due deductions, for deaths, there is  left a theoretical total of .14,073,526  males between 18 and 45- ready to  . bear arms last December. But from  this there are other deductions to be  made; some-based on actual returns,  others'���������'��������� estimated' from records of  "varying degrees of exactitude. To the  former class belong the annual rejections of the military inspection  boards, . on the score of absolute or  partial .unfitness for...militsvy. service,  and these amounted in four years  to 985,143 .men, reducing the available  total tot' ia",'088,'383a" :     ;    ~ -'���������;--: /  There remains the more complex  group of causes of disablement of men  otherwise constitutionally capable, by  disease and accidents. The statistical  method 6f dealing with these may"be  indicated by..the statement, that while  there are in Germany 40 deaths par  10,000 per annum due to pulmonary  consumption and diseases of the respiratory organs, medical authorities  , declare that five times as many persons are left in a state of impaired  health which incapacitates them from  - military duty, by this same class of  complaints/Pushing the inquiry into  a detailed examination of similar results from other forms of disease,  "which permanently enfeeble a large  proportion of those who survive their  attack and allowing for the steady increase with advancing age of the  risks contingent on disease, there has  been worked out a total loss for the  military mill under this head of 3,-  400,000 men during the four years,  in question. On the score of accidents, in the-pursuit of mechanical  industry, on railways, on the streets  and highways and at sea, fairly accurate returns are available, and from  these the conclusion is approximately  trustworthy that 157,871 must be added to the previous total of disablement. Henre the original.total of over  14.000,000 men between the ages of  18 and 45, capable of bearing arms on  Dec. 1, 1914, is reduced to 9,530-  .512.  But by that time, according to trustworthy returns, the German army had  already lest in killed, wounded, captured and sick 1,500,000 men; so that  the disposal force of males of military must be reduced to S,000,000.  Even after assuming, however, that  older or partially enfeebled men are  sufficient for garrison duty, there remain the necessities of railway service in the occupied territory, as well  as throughout the empire; of the telegraph and post office, of work-in the  arsenals and at the navy yards and of  ihe force employed by pi'ivafo concerns in the fabrication of indispensable munitions of war. The draft  made by all these services on the vigorous manhood of Germany has been  placed at 2,000,000, so that the number  of th& physically fit available at the  front could not have exceeded 6,000,-  000 at the beginning of lhe present  year.  If (lie losses of the last five months  maintained the previous average of  300,000 a month, the effective strength,  of thc German armies at the begin-'  ning of June could not have exceeded  4,500,000. . Of Ihisc (here are. as  nearly as'can be ascertained 3,000,-  000 on the two battle fronts. In  other words, the reserve fighting  strength of Germany, for offensive  purposes at least does not apparently  exceed 1,500,000 able-bodied men. If  that is a fact, Mr. Belloc's estimate  errs rather on the side of moderation  than of over-estimate, and six months  more of war must reduce Germany to  a condition of military exhaustion.  Then, as has already been pointed  out in these columns, the process of  economic exhaustion is necessarily  stimulated by the withdrawal of men  from  productive  employment.    There  W. N. U. 1064  is a certain amount of work which  must be done at home to keep the  women and children alive, and not  all of this can be done by the ineffective class of non-combatants. Leaving  out of consideration the paralysis of  the foreign trade of Germany, which  must become more nearly complete  with the shutting down of factories  owing to the withdrawal of their  workers for military service, the supply of absolutely necessary domestic  wants cannot he seriously curtailed  without "&'��������� sensible .weakening of the  morale-of the-nation.  From all of this the conclusion  would seem to be irresistibly that  Germany is facing the most critical  phase of the-struggle of the Avar, and  that even should there be no exhaustion on the financial side, there are  other forms of destitution-.with, which  even her marvelous energy may not  be able to" cope., It,is hardly .necessary,  to. add that what is .true of Germany  in this connection is more emphatically true in regard lo the Austrian resources in men and economic capacity. The Russian reverses in Galicia  may delay, but they can hardly prevent the breakdown of all the forces  of the dual empire, and the consequent narrowing of the contest to that  of a..life and death struggle for Ger  many.���������New  merce.  York  Journal    of  Corn-  Yet   Realize  Means  jlp to bring  world,  The      World   Does   Not  What   This   War  Unless this war does h  about  a  lasting  peace  in  the  it is idle to pretend that it will have  been  anything else but a monstrous  experience of evil.   If at the end of it  we  cannot  bring  about  some  worldwide   political   synthesis,    unanimous  enough and powerful  enough to-prohibit  further  wars  by  a  stupendous  array  of   moral   and   material   force,  then    all this terrible year of stress  and suffering has been no more than  a  waste   of  life,   and   our   sons  and  brothers  and friends and allies have  died in vain.    If  we cannot summon  enough  goodwill  and   wisdom  in  the  world   to   establish   a   world   alliance  and a  world congress  to control the  clash   of  "legitimate   national  aspirations" and "conflicting interests," and  to abolish  all  the forensic trickeries  of diplomacy, then this will be neither  the last war   nor will it be the worst,  arid, men must prepare themselves to  harden  their spirits  against  continuing and increasing adversity,   anii to  steel   their  children   to   cruelty   and  danger.     Revenge     will   become   the  burthen of history.   That is the price  men will pay for clinging to their little- separate   cults   and: monarchies  and   complete   independencies    now.  The traffic and  wealth  of our great  and liberal age will diminish, the arts  will    dwindle     and*   learning    fade,  science will cease to advance, and the  rude and hard will inherit the earth.  The War  Path  or the  World  State;  that is the choice,for mankind.  ���������"  This lesson of the submarine which  destroys  much  and achieves nothing  has ample support in history.    There  never was so blind a superstition as  the belief that progress is inevitable.  The world has seen the great civilization of the western empire give place  to the warring chaos of the baronial  castles  of  the  ninth  and  tenth  centuries ;it has seen the eastern empire  for live hundred years decay and retrogress under the  militarism  of the  Turk; "it has watched the Red Indians,  with  rifles  in  their hands, grimly in  mutual   extermination.   Is -it,-still   a  blind world doomed to blunder down  again from such light and order and  hope as we were born to, toward such'  another millennium of barbaric hates  and aimless wars?    That is no mere  possibility;  it is the present possibility  unless  men  exert  themselves  to  make it impossible.    It is quite conceivable that ours is the last generation  for  many generations  that will  go  freely  about the  world, that will  have abundance of leisure and science  and free speech and abundant art and  much beauty and many varied occupations.     We' stand   about   in   our   old  haunts and try to    keep on with our  old ways of living, and speculate when  the war will be "over" and when we  shall be able to get back to everything  just as it was before the war.    This  war and  its consequences will never  be "over," and  we have not even begun to realize what it has cost us. The  course of human history is downward  and very dark indeed unless our race  can  give   mind   and   will,  now  unreservedly in unprecedented abundance,  to   (he   stern   necessities   that   follow  logically   from the aircraft bomb and  the poison gas and that silent, Invisible, unattainable  murderer,  the submarine. ���������H. G. Wells;    in New York  Times.  "Whisky, my friend, has killed more  men than bullets."  "That may be, sir, but. bejabbers,  I'd rather be full of whisky than bullets."  Should Learn to Shoot  Uniformly Accurate Fire in All Engagements With the Enemy  "Engineering," an English publication, discussing in a recent issue the  oificinl^ return just published giving  the results of tests of'gun practise in  the fleet during tile past year, declares that the return is deprived of  much of its interest because, since  this .peace, practice was completed,  many of his majesty's ships have had  the opportunity of displaying their efficiency under war conditions.  Uniformly accurate lire in all engagements with thc. ships of the enemy has, Engineering continues, been  the -outstanding feature of the naval  warfare, whether regard be had to  such combined actions as took place  in the Bight of Heligoland, off the  Falkland" Islands, and later on the  Dogger bank, or. in-individual actions,  where- one ship had: to face another-  This accuracy 'of fire was in. many  cases associated with ranges which a  few years ago would have been regarded as impracticable, if not possible. The annual returns now'issued  show, however, how the gunners of  the navy have, prepared themselves.  In the first place, there has been a  greater stringency in; the tesjv oondi-,  tions. The target has been reduced,  the range increased and the speed  at which firing had to take place was  augmented. The details regarding  these three points are not disclosed in  tne official return, nor is any informa-  lion given as to the time allowed for  the firing, so that It-is not possible to  deduce the rate of hits per minute.  Sufficient evidence of improvement  is shown in the percentage of hits  to rounds fired from the various type  of gun now in the service. There is,  of course, no information regarding  the 15-inch gun, the ships carrying,  which have only entered the fleet  since the war began. The 13.5-inch"  gun. was used for the first time in  1912, when thc percentage of hits  (o rounds fired was 5S per cent. In  the following year this had increased  to 66-66 per cent., and in.1914 to 85.43  per cent.  It must be admitted, Engineering  says, that wo have here not only evidence of the gunlayer, but of the^mod-  ern gun-control system, and also of  the success of the modern weapon  and all the appliances placed by the  manufacturer at the disposal of the  gun crew. The later 12-inch guns con-  tinue'tb show a percentage between  52 and 55 of hits to rounds fired. The  latest 6-inch breech-loading gun,  which is extensively used in thc later  battleships, also shows improvement.  In 1911-12 the percentage of hits to  rounds fired was only 49; in 1913 it  increased to 53.21, and in 1914 to  54.75. It should be remembered the  writer of the article points out, that  the target is enormously smaller than  would be the enemy's ship, so that it  is easily understood that if in practice  under all atmospheric conditions such  a percentage is attained, the results  will be even better in actual war. The  four-inch breech-loader has also a" percentage exceeding 50 per cent, as is  the case also with the 4-7-in'ch quick-  firer. . -���������:��������� ,-'."'���������  Gransitefeti Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sua, Dust and tV'inrJ  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Htaedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. Ai  Your Druggist's SOc per Bottle. Murine Eyo  SalveinTu.bes25c. ForGookoflhcEyeFrecask  Druggists oi Murine Eye Semcdy Co., Chicarje  Ladies Should Go in For Both Trap  and Field Shooting  There are many reasons why ladi>s  should go in for both trap and field  shooting. After thirty-one years of  nearly continuous shooting, 1 can  truthfully say 1 know of no other recreation that will do so much towards  keeping a woman in good health and  perfect figure than a lew hours spent  occasionally at trap shooting, and as  I am learning new stunts nearly every  week, 1 am quite sure that, providing  a woman has fairly good health an.l  eyesight, she is never too old to  learn.  Either shooting clay targets" or  game in (hefield, there is just enough  exercise to do good, not to. say any-  tiling about the fresh air you breathe.  Many ladies are afraid to start-  shooting'on- account of the gun kicking.' If the gun is heavy enough, not  overloaded and fits you properly, you  will find little if any recoil. I woul.l,  however, suggest using a rubber recoil pad, lilted to the end of the stock.  T heard a gentleman say a short time  since that he was going to buy his  wife a twenty bore and start her at  the traps. He wouK.n't-think of using  such, a light gun himself and he could  hot have given her a worse handicap  to begin with, for while a twenty bore  is ia:pleasure to use on game in the  field, a twelve gauge, full choke (not  lesstban 714) *s what is needed for  trap shootiftg.  ;At first you should have some of-  your . gentlemen friends who know,  how it should be done, give you some  instructions. If you do pot care to go  to some gun club, have him buy a  hand trap and throw the targets easy  until you learn to break some and  gain confidence. As to dross, something loose, so that your every movement will be free; your shoes should  have a low, fiat, l.eel, so as not (0  throw you forward. The hat should  be;wide enough to shade the eyes and  fit snugly, but comfortably on the  head. All your clothing while at the  traps should feel part of yourself.  When you are going after a target,  concentration meai.s everything.  After the first few weeks you will  find .yourself looking forward - to your  afternoon at' the gun club, where,  judging from my personal experience,  I can safely say you will be a welcome  guest.  Few Paroled Prisoners Return to Jail  W. P. Archibald, prison parole officer for Canada', states that in the  Dominion during the past sixteen  years there have been 7,776 prisoners  released on parole from Canadian pen-  itentaries out of which 489, or 6.3 pe.-  cent., have been returned to finish  their sentences. Of this small fraction only three per cent, have been  sent back.to prison because of a return to crime, thc balance having  .iroken some of the conditions of  their parole.* During these sixteen  years 6,412 prisoners have completed  their sentences while on parole and  S75 are still reporting to the authorities at regular intervals.  Russia Purchases les Breaker  The purchase by the Briti ;h government of the ice breaking steamer  Bruce from the Reid Newfoundland  Company was announced recently. It  is understood that the Bruce, with her  sister ship Lintrose, bought by Russia last winter, will be used in the  White Sea during the fall and winter  in an effort to keep open later than  usual the channel tothe port of Archangel.  The Bruce and the Lintrose were  built a few years ago for service in  Cabot Strait, between Newfoundlard  and Cape Breton, where heavy ice i:s  encountered in thc winter. They are  steamers of 1,553 tons.  Remarkable Prophecy  Danish Author, Fifty Years Ago, Foretold   German' Submarine 'Feats  The Tagliche Rundschau reprints  parts of a dialogue from a comedy by  Erik Bogh, a Danish dramatist, which  was produced in Germany in 1863, and  caused quite some" amusement and  much derision because of what- was  termed its "insane prophecies" at  that time. The name of the comedy  was "The Editor's Secretary" and the  dialogue is between him-and Wimmcl-  feld, an" inventor, who is regarded as  mentally unbalanced. The most significant part of the dialogue is contained in tne following scene:  "Wimmelfeld���������My visit is of groat  importance. It relates to Germany's  sea power and her domination of the  air.  "Editor's Secretary���������Ah, you have  made another invention!  "Wimmelfeld���������Two inventions,  if you please. These inventions  make Germany feared all over  world. Germany, of all nations,  be regarded by others -with horror.  One invention concerns our sea power, the other our mastery of the air."  "Editor's Secretary���������Mastery ,of thc  air?"  "Wimmelfeld���������Even so- I have invented and built two ships. One sails  over our enemies, the other under  them. With one I can descend to the  bottom of the sea and blow the enemies' ships into the air, with the  other I can float in the air, throw  bombs on the enemy's soldiers and  cast fire  over the  enemy's  cities."  "Who," asks the German newspaper, "would have believed in 1863  that 1915 would see the realization  of this inventor's dream, regarded  then as but the fantastic vagaries of  a weak mentality?"  sir,  will  the  will  Johnny's mother was tired of having her table cloths stained. So she in-  stiuted a fine of a penny for every  stain.  During tea a few days later Johnny  \vas observed running his rather  grimy finger very hard on the cloth  beside his cup and saucer.  "Johnny, what on earth are you doing?" asked his mother in surprise.  "You'll soil the tabic cloth."  "Oh, no, I won't," replied the youngster. "I'm just trying to rub two spots  into one."  The eight aqueducts of. ancient.  Rome brought 40,000,000 gallons of  water a day into the city. Had the  Romans been aware that water always rises to its own level these huge  erections 011 arches seventy feet high  need never have been built.  ncrease Miiciency  e  British   Committee   Which   is. Testing  New   Appliances   For   Aircraft  Issues Annual  Report  The report if the advisory committee for aeronautics for the year 1914-  1915 has been issued. The report,  which is addressed to the prime minister and signet', on behalf of the committee by Jjcrd Ruyleigh says that  continued progress has been made in  the consideration of the conditions affecting the stability of fhs aeroplane-  The report mentions, among other  matters which have been under consideration by the committee, the question of sighting appliances for use on  aeroplanes and accuracy in bomb  dropping. A number of special investigations have been undertaken for  'the admiralty and the war,office, including the analysis and examination  of deposits'on airship envelopes and  tests -of magnetos forming .part of  wireless installations to determine  their liability to ignite explosive mixtures of gases.  'The reports received from the British expeditionary force in France  have clearly indicated the advantage  of attention to strength and go*b"d construction in all details of the aeroplane, and the superiority in -durability and useful life thereby attained.  It is felt that.the results thus achieved fully justify the care which lias  been devoted to these matters and the  special precautions taken.  In all machines now designed the  recommen "ationr made by the committee are closely followed and tlie  margin of strength allowed exceeds  that specified as required from considerations connected with the effect of flattening out after a steep  dive. The increase in weight due to  the modifications made has to some  extent been compensated by other  improvements and by increased aerodynamic efficiency.  In military use further increase in  strength has to be considered in relation to other factors affecting safety; in particular the merit of rapid  climbing tends to asfety of a different  kind, to which great consideration  must be given) and limits the-increase  in strength and weight which mighL ,  otherwise be adjudged desirable-    :  The modifications-required to conform with considerations arising in  connection with stability and strength  of construction have led to the complete change of certain.existing types  of machine, involving alterations to  wings, body, tail, fin, area, wires and  controls. Tests of the new designs  have shown that it is possible,- without  sacrifice, of controllability, to make  the aeroplane inherently stable and  capable of flying satisfactorily without use of the controls. Improvements  have been introduced in the shape  of the body and engine covering, in.  tank capacity, in the section and attachments of wires and\in many other  ways. Experiments on alighting gear  have been continued and two standard  types adopted as suited to special .requirements.  New types of machines have been,  designed' embodying special features  which recent military experience has  shown to be desirable. In all of these  it has been found possible to obtain,  stability under ordinary flight condi-  tions.  Wireless and other signalling apparatus has been designed, and bomb  dropping gear has been fitted and investigated. In these matters ��������� assistance and advice have heen given by-  individual members of the committee.  Spy   Fever Still   Raging  in  Berlin  A warning, signed by the .Berlin  commandant, has been published in  the Berliner Tageblatt urging persons  to be cautious when conversing in  public 'places. There are at present,  numerous spies, the article states,  roaming within the German boundaries seeking information of military  importance.  Despite the numerous other notices  requesting persons to bo careful  about their conversations, important;  information has reached the enemies  of the Teutons. Occasionally remarks  are made in places frequented by  many persons- The conversation may  not disclose any real news for a spy,  yet an investigation may be made by  the agent, and other facts of more importance may be revealed, it is said.  This notice has been placed in all  public places throughout Germany.  The railroad stations, hotels and cafes  have it in conspicuous places on the  walls.  The Movie Business  An idea of the present extent of the  motion-picture business in the United  States is furnished by the following-  facts: 13,000,000 people go to "movie"  shows every day; the moving-picture -industry ranks fifth in amount  of capital invested; and there are  more than 250 moving-picture companies continuously engaged in the  manufacture of photo plays in.  Southern California alone.  THEY GIVE FINE SERVICE-SEE THE AGENT I*  Il -"  if* -  THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C.  Fee? Averts- SPORT  Sold toy all gogd Shoe Dealers  "Wbim fey arvgiy member  ,of themanily  ijuiyiaa.i.ian������������i.)l������wff,    ,   ,,    , n  May Finally Banish War  To Stand Together  Interests of Dominion and Motherland  Are One, Says Hon. A.  Meighen  "However we may feel about the attitude of-the Motherland toward.Canada-.in days gone by, let us realize-  ���������that in the crisis that hangs over us  'now thc .interests of Canada and the  Motherland are one and-indissoluble.  We stand together or fall together."  Ift these words Hon. Arthur Meighen concluded an eloquent appeat lo all  parties and races in Canada to stand  together during thc troublous times  ot war. He said that crisis had always had the effect of uniting Canadians.  "Today there is a peril ��������� about us  transcending all. we hay3 "previously  passed through,'-' said the speaker. "It  behooves the people of Canada to he  united now. The crisis is bound to  .mean this' if we are sensible and patriotic. - It will mean much to the peoples who inhabit this country that in  Europe the Wolfes and Montcalms arc  fighting side by side against a common foe.'.':  A Pill For All Seasons.���������Winter  md summer, in any latitude, whether  in torrid zone or Arctic temperature,  Parmelee's Vegetable Pills can be depended upon to do their work. The  dyspeptic will rind them a friend always and should carry them with him  everywhere. They are made to withstand any climate and are warranted  to keep their freshness and strength.  They do hot grow stale, a quality not  possessed; in many pills now on the  market.  The London Lancet Surmises That the  Area  of Arbitration   May  be  Forced on the World  The London Lancet asks if the time  is   approaching  when,   owing  to   tho  high   developments   of  chemical   and  physical science, warfare will become  practically impossible.  It is suggested that explosives may  possibly be. rendered useless when J  invisible means are found to fire them '  from great distances, "as might well  prove to be the case in those days of  wireless waves or radiations and projections." The Lancet remarks that it  ���������would be a remarkable outcome of  scientific discovery if the now weapons, by their precision, should automatically extinguish themselves. If  armament should thus defeat its own  'ends, arbitration should at length succeed, the'paper believes. .On the employment of poisonous gases tho Lancet remarks:  "Glib references are made to the  possjblc iise of potent poisons, arsenical gases, prussic acid or <-some other  death dealing substances which shall  improve upon this chlorine compound  adopted by the enemy. It is well to  remember that there is evidence lhat  the enemy has seriously and systematically studied this Question for some  time, and we may be fairly certain  that tire gas was decided upon after  considerable trial as the most available and practicable i'or-the ghastly  ends in view. At all events, such  other deadly materials as may he  available, are as much in the enemy's  hands are in ours, and neither side  would he likely to gain any permanent benefit" by such machinations.  We must not dismiss as impracticable  thc wilder dreams of the chemical  poisoner, for in chemistry it would  seem that no sooner is a suggestion  dismissed as foolish than it at once  appears in the form of an accomplished fact, but we lean to the belief that  the capacities of gas poisoning havo  been exhibited to tho full."  o  Cure  Guaranteed  Never known to fall;  acts without pain in  24 hours. Is soothing,  ��������� healing; takes the  sting right out. No remedy sc quick,'  safe and sure as Putnam's Painless  Corn Extractor. Sold everywhere���������25c  per bottle.  Fire Regulations Which Should be in  ,. Force  in'All   Municipalities  Regina has in operation a new fire  inspection bylaw, under which the fire  department of the city is required 'o  inspect all business premises at least  four times a year and all other premises at least twice a year- Three sections of the by-law deal with very  frequent causey of lire, and are as  follows:  "Bonlires, etc.���������No person^ shall  kindle, maintain or assist in maintaining any bonfire or other exposed fire  within the city unless he shall first  have obtained a written permit from  the chief, who shall give direction as  to what measures are to be taken to  safeguard property."  "Handling of rubbish.���������No waste  paper, excelsior, shavings, rubbish or  other like inflammable material shall  be left in any part of any business  building for more than one day, except such material as may be stored  within a fireproof room, provided with  standard fire doors or within a fireproof receptacle, but all such material  shall be destroyed, removed or placed  within such fireproof receptacle at the  close of each business day."  "Disposition of Hot Ashes.���������No  hot ashes shall be deposited in any  receptacle other than' one of non-combustible material with fireproof cover,  and no such ashes shall be deposited  within fifteen feet of any wooden  building or any wooden structure  whatsoever."  The fire chief reports that the  citizens are taking kindly to the inspection work, and in many cases welcome the men who are able to give  them advice on the prevention of fires.  The by-law is known as No. 839, and  should be copied by other municipalities.  Has High Value  As a Fertilizer  Warts are unsightly- blemishes and  corns are painful growths. Holloway's  Corn  Cure   will  remove  them-,  An elderly English actor came over  to his first American engagement. On  landing he started for an English  boarding house uptown, where he had  been told, he could get English food.  He emerged from the pier laden with  his hat box, his umbrella, his grip and  his overcoat, and climbed aboard a  horsecar.: Just .as he was fairly upon  the platform the car started, and he  fell through. the open door into the  aisle, scattering his -goods and chattels in every direction. As he got upon  his knees he remarked in a tone of  feeling: - "There now! I knew- I  shouldn't like the confounded country!"  MricDbucetteTells of her Distressing Symptoms During  Change of Life and How  She Found Relief.  Belleville, Nova Scotia,Can.���������"Three  years, ago I was suffering badly with  what the doctors  called Change of  Life. I was so bad  M that I had to stay in  ?/2*>r 2������*N $P bed. Some friends  *^ - m. told me to take Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and  it helped me from  the first. It 13 tho  only medicine I  j took that did help  ^ me and I recommend  It You don't know how thankful and  frateful I am. I give you permission  to publish what your good medicine has  done for me."���������Mrs. Simon Doucette,  Belleville, Yarmouth Co., Nova Scotia,  Canada.  Such warning symptoms a3 sense of  suffocation,hot flashes,headaches,back-  ������ches,dread of impending evil, timidity,  sounds.in the ears, palpitation of tha  heart, sparks before the eye3, irregu-  Inrities, constipation, variable appctito,  weakness and inquietude, and dizziness,  *re promptly heeded by intelligent women who are approaching the period in  life when woman's great change may  be expected.  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound .invigorates and strengthens the  . female organism and builds up the weak*  aned. nervous system.   It has carried  many women safely through this crisis.  If you want special adrice write to  Ijrdia E. Finkham Medicine Co. (confl-  flential) Lynu, Mass. Your letter will  be opened, rend and answered by a  woman, nnd held in strict confidence.  The Calf of Duty  The Canadian who holds back from  taking his place with the country's  defenders at this, time is not worthy  -his British birthright. Wherever that  place may be, every loyal citizen will  be prompt to fill it. It may he with  tho man in training for the' front, or  it may be in some other capacity. The  essential thing is that every one  should find out in. what way he may  best fulfill the heavy responsibilities  from which none of us may with honor escape- The sooner we measure-up  to this duty, the more quickly will the  empire be enabled to shake off the  monster who is reaching for her  throat. The longer wc stand back,  leaving the task to others, the greater  is the risk we incur of ultimate defeat  and the loss of all for which thousands of Britishers, who valued then-  lives just as highly as do we. have already died.���������London (Ont.) Free  Press.  Minard's  theria.  Liniment    Cures     Diph  A Danger Not to be Slighted  W. N. U. 1064  The Danger in Canada From German  Espionage  The investigation in progress at  Windsor has already shown that the  talk about German attacks on Canada  is not all hot air. The German-Americans are fumingly angry and resolutely determined.' Any conspiracies into  which they may enter to destroy life  or property or interfere with the  manufacture of war supplies are  breaches of United States neutrality,  and it may be taken for granted that  the Unitdd States government will  honorably endeavor to suppress all  plots of this sort. But the Canadian  government, if it is not taking the  situation sufficiently serious, should  loss no time in getting into touch  through secret agents with what is  doing among thc class of people to  which the Detroit malefactors belong.  German espionage has done Germany more harm than good in this  great war, but' that will not discourage German-Americans from imitating  their home-staying friends by endeavoring to find out what is going on in  Canada, and to thwart all enterprises  that have been entered into for the  purpose of aiding Great Britqjn and  the British empire in this gigantic  struggle. The loss of a single factory  engaged iu producing munitions for  the Allied armies would more than offset the cost of a whole corps of secret  service officers.���������Toronto Globe.  Extending Work of Geological Survey  The geological survey is extending  its scope of work to include in addition to investigation of metallic mineral resources, a soil survey of Canada, with the object ot classifying, the  soils and ascertaining their agricultural possibilities in different districts  both in settled and unsettled areas  and also a mapping and classifying of  deposits of material suitable for road  making. The staff of the survey has  been considerably increased of late  years and during the past year trained observers have been making surveys of stone and gravel deposits in  the more thickly settled districts of  Ontario and Quebec to determine  their road-making qualities. Reports are now available for a considerable number of localities and  the information should be of great  practical value to road-engineers and  to municipalities undertaking, permanent highway improvements.  Many   Farmers   Fail   to   Realize   the  Value ofFarmyard Manure  ��������� According to recent statistics,  there are in Canada "in round numbers  3,000,000 horses, 0,000,000 cattle, 3,-  500,000 hogs, and 2,000,000 sheep. Experiments indicate that thc approximate value of the. fertilizing constituents of the manure, both solid and  liquid, produced by each horse would  be $27; by each head of cattle $20,  by each hog ?S,- and by each sheep  $2. This would make the total value  of the manure produced in one year  by the different classes of farm animals in Canada amount to $233,000,- j  000. ' The importance of this by-pro-1  duct of the farm may be better realized if wc compare it with some of the  other principal products of Canadian  industries. Tho following table shows  the value of some ot the leading products:  Total wheat crop, 1914.. .$196,000,000  Total  oats   crop,   1914 151,000,000  Total forest products, lllll 180,000,000  Total    mineral    products,  1913    115,000,000  Farmyard   manure,   (average)   5   years)   233,000,000  The figures given in the above  fable 'are for the years in which the  reached the highest point on record, while the figures for the manure,  represent the average annual production for the past five years.  Assuming that one-third of the  value of manure is annually lost by  present methods of management, and  t'*is is undoubtedly a conservative estimate, the loss from this source in  Canada'would be about $78,000,000-  Surely the farmer can not afford to  throw away.a sum of money' that  would more than pay his taxes. But  that is just what many are doing. Recent investigations by the commission  of conservation show that 90 per cent,  of the two hundred Ontario farmers  personally visited by representatives  of the commission in 191*1, exercise no  special, care to prevent waste. The  natural manure is a part of the raw  material for farm crops, and, as-such  should receive the.came attention and  care to prevent loss and waste as is  given the raw material in any manufacturing plant.  A fact worth knowing and remembering by the" farmer is that the losses  caused by leaching or super-heating  represent the most readily available  portion of the nitrogen and potash in  tho manure, which is, consequently,  worth more than that left in the manure heap.  It is hard to persuade the farmer  to abandon time-honored customs,  such as piling the manure under the  eaves or on the hillside, but surely  in this day of wider knowledge and  of more intelligent ' farming we  should refrain from waste.���������F.C.N-  Preservation of Wild Life  Population of World is 1,600,000,000  At the Christian Endeavor convention held at Chicago, Rev. Jay S.  Stowell, secretary of the Presbyterian board of home nyssions, in an address said:  "The population of the world is 1,-  600,000,000, yet after 1,900 years of  Christian effort, 1,116,000,000 of the  world's population do not know the  Christian gospel. There are between  one and two hundred million persons  in the world for whom no missionary  society has as yet ever begun to plan.  This "is the great challenge to the  Christian * young people of the age.  Here the young people may'find the  long sought moral equivalent of war.  BUILT A MONUMENT  The Best Sort in the World  A Rare Opportunity  The Monarch Life Assurance Co.,  with head office at Winnipeg, is prepared to offer good contracts for active, reliable persons whom they may  appoint as their agents. A splendid  opportunity awaits the energetic  man, who is looking for a good connection. Communicate with .f. W. VV.  Stewart, managing director, Monarch  Life Assurance Co., Winnipeg.  "So you've moved to the cottnfry?  How do you like it?"  "Great! Beats a stuffy old flat all  hollow. Aud tho best of it is, we get  Tresh eggs and vegetables almost as  cheap as we could get them in tlio  city."  "A monument built by and from  Postum," is the way a man describes  himself.    He says:  "For years I was a coffee drinker  until at last I became a terrible sufferer from dyspepsia, constipation,  headaches and indigestion. . (Thc effects on the system of tea and coffee  drinking are very similar, because  they each contain the drug, caffeine).  "Thc different kinds of medicine I  tried did not cure me, and finally  some one told mc to leave off coffee  and take up Postum. _ I was fortunate  In having the Postum made strictly  according to directions on the pkg.,  so that from the start I liked it.  "Gradually my condition changed.  The old troubles disappeared and I  began to feel well again. My appetite  became good and I could digest food-  Now I am restored to strength and  health, can sleep sound all night and  awake with a fresh and rested hotly.  "I am really a monument built by  Postum, for I was a physical wreck,  distressed in body and mind, and am  now a strong, healthy man. I know  exactly what made the change; it was  leaving off coffee and using Postum."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont. Read, "The Road  to Wellville," in pkgs. ...  Postum comes in two forms:  Postum Ceraal���������the original form  ���������must be well boiled, lac and 25c  packages.  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder  ���������dissolves quickly in a cup of hot  water, and, with cream and sugar,  makes a delicious beverage instantly.  30c and 50c tins.  Both kinds are equally delicious  and cost about the same per cup.  "There's a Reaso*." for Postum.  ���������sold by Grocers.  Australian Elevators  The N.S. Wales minister for agriculture has made public his scheme  for the bulk handling of wheat. Two  huge elevators are to be built at  Sydney and Newcastle, the two  principle seaports of the state. At  a latter date another will be erected  at Jervis Bay, the outlet port to the  new federal capital now building at  Canberra. The Sydney silo will cost  $S75,000, while that at Newcastle will  cost $375,000. In addition to this 35  elevators will be built at various  country stations- The work of erecting these will be spread over a period  of five years, and the total cost will  be about $4,375,000. Each country elevator will have a capacity of 200,000  bushels. 1,500 trucks will have to be  built for the work of shifting the harvest of 46,000,000 bushels in the six  months. The estimated cost of Instituting bulk handling of wheat in  N.S. Wales will cost $11,045,000. It is  intended to co-operate with all tho  States in the matter of getting ships  of the proper type for the handling  of the wheat in bulk. New South  Wales has had an expert there for  some time from the United States,  dealing with the whole matter.  An Economic, Not a Sentimental, Issue Involved in Bird Protection  The popular impression in Canada  that the preservation of wild life is  merely a desirability, not a positive  necessity, is fatally false and is responsible for the serious inroads already suffered by our game resources. Public opinion has been powerless to check destruction and will  remain so as long as the campaign for  wild life protection depends upon an  appeal to sentiment for its dynamic  force. No conservation issue can progress far on that basis. The people  of this continent move most resolutely  in response to economic motives, and  the necessary prelude to proper protection of wild life in Canada is wider  dissemination of exact knowledge regarding its money value-  Recent experience in the United  States' illustrates the force of economic motives. For several years efforts  were made in that country to secure  federal protection for migratory game  birds. The campaign was chiefly an  appeal to sentiment and made little  headway. The proposal was then extended to include insectivorous birds,  wide publicity was given to the fact  that insect pests damaged crops annually to the extent of hundreds of  millions of dollars, and within one  years a popular demand, that years of  sentimental appeal had failed to  arouse, forced congress to pass a law  placing all migratory birds under federal control. The preservation of  wild lire achieved the status of a national business  enterprise.  Canada's wild life is as valuable as  that of the United States. To preserve  it as a national asset we need not  pursue the method adopted by our  American neighbors, but we do require to gain their sane viewpoint.  If Miller's Worm Powders needed  the support of testimonials they could  be got by the thousands, from mothers  who know the great virtue of this excellent medicine. But the powders  will speak for themselves and in such  a way that there can be no question  of them. They act speedily and thoroughly, and the child to whom the/  are administered will show improvement from the first dose.,  This is to certify that fourteen,  years ago I got the cords of my left  wrist nearly severed, and was for  about nine months that I had no use  of my hand, and fried other Liniments, also doctors', and was receiving no benefit. Bv a persuasion from  a friend I got MINARD'S LINIMENT  and used one bottle which completely  cured me, and have been using MINARD'S LINIMENT in my family ever  since and find it the same as when  I first used it, and would never be  without it.  ISAAC  E.- MANN.  Metapedia,  P.Q.  Aug. 31st, 1908.  Eradicate Noxious Weeds  The Farmsrs' Turn  It is safe to say that if one-quarter  of the aid given by federal governments to manufacturing industries  had been given to aid settlement on  the land the economic development of  the country would have proceeded upon saner lines, and there would have  been more real and less apparent  prosperity. The time is here for all  public men and bodies to urge the bestowal upon agriculture of a greater  attention, and something of that kind  of assistance to greater production  which so far has been the monopoly  of the manufacturing interests.-���������Saskatoon Phoenix.  con-  Rastus���������Kb,   Ah   hoahs   yous  templatin' gettir.'  married.  Eb���������-Wal, ef de Iiigh cost ob livin'  keeps up Ah'll hav to.  Drastic Action is Necessary to Secure  Results  Canada has for years been trying  to rid herself of some of her more  prolific noxious weeds, but the work  has lacked the thorough support of  those whose duty jt is to help in tho  eradication of the- pests. Concerted  and organized action is necessary, and  until this is secured the prospects of  success are not very bright- Public  opinion is too apathetic, and weed inspectors are aware of this. Prosecutions for infractions of the Noxious  Weeds Act are rare, and consequently the penalty clause of this act has  to a great extent lost its effect. .More  pressure must be put upon those responsible for its enforcement.  A lesson in clearing up weeds might  be taken from the action of China regarding the eradication of the poppy  plant. The following, from a report  of the United States commercial attache at Nanking, China, indicates the  method by which results are secured  in that country: "Some interest in the  restriction of the cultivation of tho  poppy was aroused locally by thc dismissal of the Nanking magistrate for  having falsely reported his district  clear of poppy, and the imposition of  lines on a number of other district  magistrates for the same reason. Tho  authorities arc making a serious effort to have the province cleared at  an early date in anticipation of tho  joint inspection by British and Chinese officials prior to the prohibition  of the import or sale of Indian opium-"  "SECURITY FIRST"  Is  Your  Life  (nsured7    Keep    Your    Policy    In    Force  And Increase tho Amount as Soon aa Possiblo r  If You're Not Insured, Mako Application Todny  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over Pour Million Dollars Assets for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write     For   Memo- Book and Circular.  !< .���������������������������** bAbiu ��������� ���������/���������itAj.ifiji. frVFC^ilJWJ^iIrtlviM  THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Bi  Wedding  Presents f W<J Q[ IHE CITY  ,ct us help you pick that  Present you are going to  give. We liave a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that  have  not  been  advanced since the  war  A, D, MORRISON F&tfXttZ.VX  Stye (ikan&Stek&Smn  G.  A.   EVANS,   EDITOR  AND   PUBLISHER  8UBSOKIPTION HATB8 t  One Year *}���������%*  One Year (In advance)  l-w  One Year, In United States   I.���������  Address all communications to  The Guano Fours Sun.  I'HOSIt  R7I Gkand Fokks, B. C  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER   17,   1915  The newspapers which are  reprinting the war news of a  year ago are wasting - much  Valuable space. There appears to be necessity for describing the same battle in  two different sections of the  same paper.  Every great war has produced its own great generals  and great statesmen. From  the slow manner in which the  present conflict is progressing, there is yet much time In  which scores of men can be  raised to pre-eminence.  We often hear of Lord's  Day Alliances, and churches  protesting because people  sometimes labor on Sundays,  even though they we compelled to do so in order to  pay their honest debts; but we  have yet to hear of a case  where any kind of an organization or institution has refused to accopt money that  had earned on the Sabbath.  Too many people labor under the impression that it is  a sign of greatness to have a  long string of initials or elongated christian names placed  before tlie surname.  With an effort to afford assistance to prospectors, the  Dominion department of mines  now offers to conduct ore tests  free of charge. The samples,  however, must be sent carriage paid and care must be  taken to forward the parcels  to Ottawa instead of to Victoria. '  ���������  C. S. McKenzie, a mining expert  from , San Francisco, went up .to  Franklin camp last Faiday and remained until Wednesday of the  present week. He made a thorough  examination of the Union mine,  and obtained samples of ore for assay, purposes from many other  properties.  M. H. Burns made an auto trip  to Franklin camp on Friday. He  reports tbat tbe Granby company  has a force of eight men at work on  the Gloucester mine, and a large  number of miners are doing development work on other properties  The camp, he says, has a lively appearance.  The Union mine in Franklin  camp still continues to ship a car of  ore occasionally to tbe Granby  smelter.  \V\ K. C. Manly Is   spending   the  present week at  the Spokane Inter  state fair.  ' Hpn. W. J.. B.ivvs^r and Hon. W.  Ii. Li'iss will visit tti'e city next  week. It is reported that E. Miller,  M P.P., will accompany them.  Mrs. C. A. S. Atwood, Mr. and  Mrs. J. h. Kraus, Miss Joyce Bar  lee, Miss Ethel Cook and Miss Myra  Stewart visited the Spokane Interstate fair this week.  E. C Henniger ar.d party left on  Monday for a motor trip to thc  Spokane fair. They returned this  evening.  The easiest way to setcle   an   argu  merit is to get two    women  interested  in it.  When a woman considers her husband a necessary evil marriage is a  failure.  Men, have you seen the nifty- line  of gloves MacDougall & MacDonald  are showing? Short gloves, all colors  and grades, 65c up to 81.50. 'Also  gauntlet gloves, all kinds, 75c up to  ������2.00. See the new line for smelter  at $1.50 and $1 75 a pair. '  METEOROLOGICAL  The  following  is  the   minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day   during   the   past   week, as re  corded by the government thermom  eter on E.' F. Laws' ranch:  Min.     Max.  Sept 10���������������������������Friday  45 65  11���������Saturday   .... 34 62  12���������Sundiy,  33 60  13���������Monday  32 52  14���������Tuesday  43 51  15���������Wednesday .. 41 67  16-Thursday  42 74  inches  Rainfall   0 32  ���������    J. E. THOMPSON  i Liberal I'anrlidate for Member of the  Provincial House for Grand Forks  Riding  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. Ibin-  ; creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January.   42,211  February 63,091  March ' ' 69,948  Agril '...: v. 85,382  May 100,693  June  103,004  July ' 101,058  August .103,062  Total : 668,449  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is' only-one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  tt as a valuable advertising medium  because its"large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, ' merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  sec fibers.  STRAYED  Strayed onto my premises,  one black year-old bull,brand-  ecl n on left side, aud left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within thirty days  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  Aug. 28, 1915.  James, A: Habrts.  PICTURES  - AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Dorre.  R..C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Yale  Barber Shop  UaKor HoiiIiie a Specialty.  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  W   M   DeCew and party   left  on     "The Sun, at 81 a  year, is   superior  i      r i    i-    .. ti,������ ������nn  I to any $2 a year paper printed   in the  Monday for an auto trip to the bpo-1 BounJ ^ ������ ^ ,.eason why  kane   Interstate  fair.    Mr. DeCew j we f]o nofc h(lve tf) reaort t0 Ramt,ling  is   in charge of tbe board  of   trade * gchemos to gain new subscribers or to  exhibit at thc fair.  Men, talk about values! One  glimpse at MacDougall & MacDon-  ald's windows will convince you they  have tbe values. See the sweaters  from $1.00 up to 85.00; also hats  and caps, 85c up to $2.00.   ,;  hold those wo already have.  ,The customs authorities on Wednesday seized two live cattle which  had been brought across the line by  a man named Fedenberg, of Dan  ville. The animals were subsequently released upon the required duty  being paid.  iie Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pefi.  At winter show I   made  four   antries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are $2.00  ���������for lo, and special prices given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  I svon at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and .3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated  up   at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  Egirs $1.00 for 12.  B.E.W-MILLS  GRAND FORKS  B. C  E. C.   HENNIGER  WILL SELL YOU  Our, Best Flour, 100 lbs $3.75  "        "  . 50 lbs."..".' ' . .   2i00  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs    3.50  . " .    50 lbs    T;85     .  -   The name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street Grand Forks.B.'C;  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  rospectors  When doing that work in  Franklin and  Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet Your Supplies at the '  Gloucester General Store������A full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries,  Boots,   Shoes and  Dry   Goods,  Hardware.   .Prices very reasonable.' Quotations  on  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  request.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  8  3  In your favor is.good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use O OD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't'  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74. -  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait C  oai n  low  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  omcK, RB6     . D, n���������a Ffrst Street  HANSBM'H RK8IDESCK.U38 ' " ol ������"v*"  The weekly market "HI be held  on Second street, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Kigs  and Good  Horses at All  Hours at.  the  Model Livery Barn  Burns S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 . Second Street  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou itry  mm/kWmmimiMwmtmmMum  mmuni'jimumj I;  J. S 1  3       ^  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.-.C.  GLEAN RAGING  :-   AT SPOKANE FAIR  Honest Sport For Horse Lovers  a Feature���������Best .Horses  to Participate.  The modern race horse-is the result  of generations of breeding and selection, and demonstrates what man can  do in improving stock of any kind. No  one who loves a horse can help but  enjoy an honest race.  The importance that is placed on  racing by many .fair associations has  been productive of some criticism, but  the Spokane Interstate Fair management has carefully investigated the  complaints and applied a remedy that  will insure clean and honest racing.  It is.an indisputable'fact that-no fair  can make a success without a variety  of attractions, and legitimate horse  racing is always enjoyed by all who  have the opportunity of witnessing  such races as have been staged by  this fair, or its part of it, as for explanation: Each owner of a horse  in any race must pay 5 per cent of the  total purse before lie can enter; then  four of those who win pay an additional 5 per cent of the total purse, which  makes quite an amount, with several  entries in each race, and very often  enough to pay the entire purse without any cost to the association. By  adding the grandstand receipts, which  would not be large without racing, the  net cost of the horse races is made  very small compared with the cost of  PRICE LIST  Spring Flowering Bulbs, Shrubs, Plants  and Rose Bushes  HYACINTHS  No. 1 Large Extra Selected.  La-Innocknck���������Pure   white;   finest    .  doz.  post paid  '     and largest-grown -. ..$1.50 per  Grande Blanche���������Blush white...... 1.50 "  Gertrude���������Rich rosy pink..-   1.50 "      "        "      "  Rose Gem���������Rosy red    1.50 "      "        "     "  King  ok the -Belgians���������A grand  brilliant crimson-scarlet'........   1.50 "      "        "    "  Grandeur and MehviijLE, rosy white 1.50 "      "       "     "  King of the Blues���������Rich deep blue. 1.50 "    ���������"     ,��������� "     '"  No. 2 size, same variety as above only the bulb's are one  size smaller.    This size is fine for house^ culture.    Price, 80c  per doz., post paid.  Bedding Hyacinths���������Separate colors.   Price, only  60c per  doz.; $3.75 per,100 by express.   .  Miniature Hyacinths���������White only. 50c per doz., post paid.  NARCISSUS AND DAFFODILS     .  Paper White Narcissus 40c per doz., post paid  Poeticus Ornatus���������Fine for house and  . garden  culture; pure  white, with  saffron cup,tinged with rosy scarlet.20c "      "      "      "  Madam  De Graaff���������The" Queen of  Daffodils;  almost white $1.50  Now is the time to do your fall planting.  We have a good assortment of hardy Shade Trees,  Flowering Shrubs, Herbaceous Plants, Phloxes, Peonies,  etcr, from 25c up. .  Special Prices on,Rose Bushes for fall delivery.  Hardy Hybrid Perpetuate, Hardy Hybrid Teas and  Everblooming 'Tea' Roses. Large, strong plants, 25c each;  two-year-old plants, 35c each; three-year-old plants, 50c each.  . '  ; Climbers and Ramblers same low price.  Terms, Cash with Order.  .  Note���������We take no responsibility whatever in respect to  the satisfactory flowering of any bulbs, roots or plants supplied by us and accepted by the purchaser, for as the flowering generally occurs several months after the receipt of the  goods, it depends on many circumstances beyond our control.  Frache Bros., Limited  Florists  P. 0. Box 417  Grand Forks, B. C.  other attractions given for the enter- ' SIR WATKIN���������Very large, perianth y el -  tainment of the general attendance at  the fair.  Since the enactment of .stringent  laws, prohibiting pool selling and all  forms of gambling at race tracks,  horse ��������� racing: is becoming popular and  is being patronized by "a class of people who did not care to mix in it under  the old method, and people are learning that an honest race is no more  harmful to. good morals than contests  of any description that are a test of  strength and endurance.  There ;will be 2.11, 2.15, .2.18 and  2.25 pace events, 2.11, 2.15, 2.18 and  2.25 trots, and besides a number of  running events for four days. Among  the stake events are the Spokane  Derby for $1000; the Power City handicap for, $600, the Fraternal handicap  for $500, and the Pioneers handicap  for $400. Entries for the harness'  events close August 1, and for running stakes, September 11.  The fair opens on Monday, September 13, and the first two days will be  given over to auto .races,' the horses  having the track the balance,of the  week.  SPECIAL LOW EXPRESS RATE  Concessions Granted Spokane Interstate Fair Should Stimulate.  . Special low express rates on all exhibits for the Spokane Interstate Fair  and Live Stock Show are announced  by all express companies  The rates announced for fresh fruit  and vegetables, and other farm products are one way full tariff, the exhibits to be returned, to the shipper  free of charge when accompanied by  a certificate from the secretary of the  fair stating that the exhibit is being  returned to original owner. All animals sent by express will be returned  to point of shipment at first class  rates. Poultry and pigeons will be returned for one-half of first class rate.  The various express companies will  maintain during the week of the fair,  Sept. 13 to 18, a combination office at  the fair grounds as they have done in  the past, to which deliveries will be  made twice daily and which will be in  charge of an authorized express agent.  $5t) in Prizes for Women Over 65.  Fifty dollars in 20 prizes is offered  for fancy work ami sewing done by  women Co years old or over by the  Spokane Interstate Fair. Mrs. Robert  Fairley, superintendent of women's  department, anticipates this display  to be one of the best features.  MINERALS  DISPLAY EXCELS  Largest Collection Ever Gathered in  Northwest Shown at Spokane Fair.  The Spokane Mining Exchange is  gathering the largest and most representative collection of minerals ever  assembled in the Inland Empire for  display at the Spokane Interstate Fair,'  Sept. 13 to 18. It will comprise samples of ores and concentrates from all  of the silver-lead mines in the Coeur  d'Alone district, copper ores from the  .Miillan and Ohewelali districts and silver, lead and zinc from .the Slocan district.  The exhibit will be installed and su  perintended by V. O. Bailey, secretarj,  of the Mining Exchange, who ha*  made a tour of the several districts  and who reports the mining men en  thusiastic over the collection, which  will be one of the big features of the  fair.  low, extra large bulb 50c "      "      "  Emperor���������Enormousbrillianttrumpets.OOc "      "-    "���������     "  Empress���������Perianth white, trumpet rich  yellow ': ; 60c ".    "  BrcoLOR-Victoria���������Yellow trumpet.-.;.(50c ���������������������������      "     "      "  Golden Spur���������Extra large bold yellow  flowers. -*60c "  Double Daffodils  Von Zion���������No. 1  large bulb; golden  yellow; double trumpet .60c per doz., post paid  Von Zion���������No,- 2 size; golden yellow;.  '  double trumpet 50c"      "     "      "   .  Orange   Phoenix���������Beautiful   double  white flowers, with orange nectary.35c "      "      "      "  Sulphur   Phoenix ��������� Color   sulphur  white : 35c'";     "     "     "  EARLY DOUBLE TULIPS  La Candeur���������Pure  White 30c per doz., post paid  Blanchie  Rosette���������Fine rose pink, tall.30c "  Rubra Maxima���������Rich scarlet , 40c"      "   . "      "  Couronned'Or���������Fine yellow 60c"      "      "      "  Mnrillo���������Lovely deep pink  60c"      "      "'"  EARLY SINGLE TULIPS  Crimson Brilliant ,..-. .......35c per doz., post paid  La Reine���������White, shading to delicate  pink-**-"*-���������-**----- ............25c "      "     "    "  Yellow Prince���������Sweet scented������������������*...*-30c "      "     "     "  Rose Gi is de Lin���������Most beautiful deli-    ���������.':....';-  cate pink...-...................:.. 25c"  Keiserskroon���������Bright red with yellow  edge***- ������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������.'.35cper doz., post paid  DARWIN TULIPS  Clara Butt���������Soft blush pink 45c per doz., post paid  Europe���������Scarlet of wonderful dazzling  color ��������� :.-45c "      " '"    "  White Queen���������PureWhite .....45c"      " "      "  Gretchen���������Soft salmon..** 35c"      ".   "  Dream���������Grand'lilac variety ....45c "      " "      "  Pride of Haarlam���������Deep rose, shaded  scarlet 50c "' . " "     "  SINGLE LATE TULIPS  Picotee���������White, rose striped 30c per doz., post paid  Isabella���������Red and white 30c "      "      "      "  Bonton d'Or���������Pure deep golden  35c "      "      "      "  Gesn Spathulata���������Dazzling scarlet. ...30c "  Macrosphila���������Black and yellow centre.30c ���������������  Golden   Crown���������Rich   yellow,  petals  faintly edged red 30c "      '���������      ���������'    * "  Mixed Tulips, for bedding 25c "      "  Parrot  or Dragon Tulips���������Very large  flowers of singular and picturesque  forms and  brilliant colors;  very  beautiful and interesting *30c  "      "      "      "  CROCUS  In four colors, mammoth flowering.    25c per doz., $1.00 per  100, post paid.  SNOWDROPS  le flowering 15c per doz., $1.00 per 100  SCILLA SIBERICA "  Sing  One of the prettiest of early spring flowering bulbs, witl  sprays of exquisite rich blue flowers. ���������'20c per doz., pos  paid.  O^y  attles  More Victories Are  Won by SiegeTac=  tics Than by As=  saults  aJ^pply thiF to business  and see what'it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resultful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For .an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now" is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand or Ms and the surrounding country on account  , of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your  Position in Business  bySTEADFASTNESS  IN ATTACK  f  Th. THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C,  Is Growing Smaller Every Day*  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS are  responsible���������they not t  only give relief���������  they permanently  cure Conslipw  lion.    Mil  lion3 use  tliem for  B.lious-  ncss, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skitu  Small Pill, Small  Dose, Small Price,  Genuine must bear Signature  Will Take Precautions  Agents Wanted  Tor Active, Reli^  Good contracts  able  Persons.  J. W. W. Stewart,  Tbe  Managing  Monarch  Life  Head Office,  Director  Assurance  Winnipeg  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND  Soirieihuifj   Ijciior   than   linen  (nnndry   bills      Wash  waier.    All  stor.".s or  CUFFS  and   hi?  It   wall   soap   ami  direct.    Slate style  Every Care Taken to Disinfect Live  stock Buildings at the Toronto  Exhibition , *  It will be interesting to._stockmen  generally to know that the most extraordinary precautions afe being  taken by tlie Canadian National Exhibition," Toronto, to thoroughly disinfect all sheds and buildings to be  occupied by livestock during the coming fair, Aiig. 2S to Sept. 11!.  Immediately after the military  authorities had removed the last of  the horses housed at the grounds over  the winter a meeting of the chairmen  in charge of. the different branches of  the livestock department at the exhibition met and decided to at ones  seek government co-operation in the  work of disinfecting and cleansing the  grounds.  A large ^foree of men have since  been engaged at the-work of immunizing every inch of space, in which, task  they are using the1 most thorough  methods. Floors, walls, ceilings, stalls  ami .every nook and cranny that  might prove a lurking or breeding  place space for germs are being treated with specially prepared".'disiiifs'ct-  ants of extra strength and effectiveness.  Before the livestock are housed at  the ground previous to tho fair, the  exhibition board will have all buildings inspected by the veterinary-general, who will .come from Ottawa* for  the purpose. The Ontario government  too,- will conduct an independent inspection and it will be a very elusive  germ indeed that will be able to dodge  this combined  attack.  Wounds by German Bullets  Queer Turn of Fate  we will  and size. , For ibc  THE   ARLINGTON   COMPANY  Limited  58 Fraser Avenuo, Toronto, Ontario  mail you  OF  CANADA  T  MOTHERS  Don't   fail   10   procure  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children    While   Teething  It soothes tho Child. Softens tho Gums,  Allays tho Pain, Dispels Wind Cojic, and  Is   iho  Best  Remedy   for  Infantile' Diarrhoea.  mNTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTL'!  Freedom From Asthma.���������Asthma is '  one of the most distressing troubles;,  sudden in its attacks, and prolonged  in its agonies. Frequently many  things are tried, but nothing seems to  give hope of relief. Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma- Remedy is the one help  which can be depended upon. IiTyou  have tried other remedies without  success, do not fail to get at once a  package of this uniformly successful  preparation.  New and Second Hand Safes  Some fine  Safes, Cash  Scales, etc.,  50  Princess  new    and    seconcl-hand-  Rcgicters, ���������   Computir.g  cheap.    F. II. Robinson,  street, Winnipeg.  FREE TO ALL-SUFFERERS  If you feel 'ou f of sorts' 'ki:n no w.N' 'cor the isli-es'  'SIlFFKIl from KIIJNliY, BLADDER, NE It VOL'S DISEASES.  CIIKONIC WF.AKNKSS.l.-I.CF.KS.SKIS ERUI'TIONS.PIl.KS.  write for FREE cloth bound medical hook on  tliese 'ilidtrases an I WONDEKFI'L ci.'res effected hy  THENEWFRENCH REMEDY. No1 No*2 W.3  I and ilttcitielor  I yourself if it is  th3 remedy for V0UR0\VSai!m<*nr.. Absolutely FREE  No'follow up circulars. No ohltsMions. Ot:. LKCLEkC  MCI) CO.HAVKR5TOCK Kt'.lf AMPSTEAt) LONDON',ENO  WX   WANT  TO  rROVt'IHEK.M'IOS WILL CURE   100.  Of  Free Farmers' Market  Winnipeg   Council   Will   Pay   Cost  Platform, Etc, For Free Farmers'  Market in Fort Rouge  Mrs. "Dick,  the  president    of    the  Women's Civic League, has been successful  after  many   months   of hard  work in having a vote put through thej  Winnipeg   City  Council   at   a. recent j  meeting to obtain money to provide a |  suitable shed and refrigerator for thej  free farmers' market  in Fort Rouge.  Mrs.   Jos.   Campeau   of   St.   Norbert,:  Mrs. McBeath of St. Francois Xaviar  and   Mrs.   Dumbrill   of   Chnrleswood  were also present and would have addressed   the   council   if  it   had   been  necessary.    These women are actively engaged in  market gardening and  doubtless    could    have    given  some  valuable information on the practical  side of the market Question from their  personal experience.  Learning* Art of Farming  Must   Take   Places  on   Land   of   Men  Who  Have  Enlisted  in   British  Armies  A scheme for the demonstration of  what women have done and are capable of doing on the���������lands of Great  Britain has been perfected by the  land council of the National Political  League.  The demand for the development of  the-country's agricultural resources is  urgent. The country needs all the  food that it is capable of .producing.  The-supply of male labor is short, and  women are being trained for the work.  The shortage of men on. the ���������land'is  sure to increase as long as the war  lasts.   Women must take their places-  Not only are .the. wornen being  taught the skilful tilling of the soil,  but they also are being trained to  the work reauired on dairy and poultry farms. ���������������������������Many,' of them are proving apt students and have progressed  in their studies far enough to demonstrate that they can do farm work  in an acceptable manner. They seem  to realize that upon them to a large  extent develops the feeding of the  nation.  Landowners who have come forward and are helping generously in  this kind of education for women include Lord Beauchamp, Lord I-Tythe,  Colonel Innes, Lady Brassey, Mrs.'  Banvell, Lady Hulton, Colonel Stephenson Clarke, and Captain Spencer  Churchill.  Southwest Africa No Longer German,  But a  British. Possession  German Southwest Africa, which  has surrendered to the forces of the  South African Union under General  Louis Botha'; has an area of 322,450  .sQuare mile's and is larger, therefore,,  than the combined territory of the  Now England States, New York, New  Jersey, Delaware, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana .and Illinois.  Togoland and the Kamerun Protectorate, the other German possessions on  the Atlantio side of Equatorial Africa,  had previously fallen into the- hands  of British and French forces. German East Africa has not yet been  taken, but its fall may be expected  soon.  While the southern and much of the  eastern parts of Southwest Africa are  barren, this lias been Germany's most  promising .colonial development- In  191.3 its German population was 12.-  292- as against 4,107 in German East  Africa and 3,S06 at Kiao-chao.  In view of the Kaiser's famous telegram to Kruger, it is a queer turn of  fate that German power in Africa���������  Germany's "place" iu the equatorial  sun���������should be taken a-way by Botha,  one time commander-'in chief of the  Boer forces, and now, as premier of  the South African Union, a pillar of  British, strength.���������-New York Herald.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  The Climate for Flax  If GermanS'Dd Not Use the Dum-Duni  Bullet' They   Have   Something  ' Just as Good  Ever since the beginning of the war  there' have been accusations on the  part of both belligerents that' their  opponents were using dum-dum bullets, yet amongst the vast quantities  of ammunition captured at different  times few, cartridges of this description have been discovered. As a matter of fact, the chief evidence that  can be called in support of the accusation is the nature of the wounds inflicted" by rifle fire. The same thing  happened during the Boer. war. The  Mauser bullets were of normal pattern, yet terrible jagged wounds were  sometimes inflicted by them. This  was explained by. thc fact that many  gunshot wounds wore caused by rebounding bullets which had been distorted from their original shape by  touching the earth before reaching  the body of the soldier.  T*his explanation, plausible as it  sounds, is insufficient to cover all the  cases met. with in the present war,  so H. S. Souttar lias been led (o make  a careful investigation of the problem,  the results of which he tells-in one  of the chapters of his intensely interesting books, "A Surgeon in Belgium." Thc structure of the German  bullet, he says, is peculiar. It has a  very short point, so that when it  strikes it usually turns completely  over. A further peculiarity is that  the hard casing does not over the  base of the bullet, so that on impact  the hinder part spreads out exactly  like the front of a dum-dum, and thus  has very much the same effect as the  prohibited missile. Mr. Souttar vas  surgeon-in-chief of the Belgian Field  hospital first in Antwerp, and afterwards in Dunkirk, Poperinghe and  Furnes.  Yotrwill find i  It eases ihe burning, stinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zaai.,  Buk, means cure. Why not prove  this 7    AM DruggiidB^ and Stores.-'  is every woman's right;  but many are troubled  with sallow complexions,  headaches, backaches, low  spirits���������until they learn that'  sure relief may be found.in  en  Direction) of Special Valno ro Women with Ever? Brat  Sold everywhere   la boxes, Zi ceala  Contrary  to  is    Much  Minard's Liniment Cures Distempar.  Gift Not Appreciated  Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator will drive worms from the system  without injury to the child, because  its action, while fully effective, is  mild.  "The colonel certainly gives you a  gaudy setting out in this recommendation, lip says you are a lazy, impudent, trilling blockhead, that you get  drunk at every opportunity and that  you will steal anything you can lay  your hands on."  "Well, salt���������uli-kee. hoe, heel���������yo'  ortuh hear what he says 'bout you,  sah:'��������� Judge.  W. N. U. 1064  German   Crown   Prince   as   a   Looter  and   a   Profligate  The Paris Auto prints' the following story as explaining in part the  origin of the differences between the  Crown Princess Cecilie and her husband- About six weeks after the  opening of hostilities there arrived  for tlie Crown Princess as a surprise  present from the Crown Prince, two  furniture vans full of small piece:;  of furniture, works of art, jewellery  and lace, the results of pillage.  The Crown Princess was inexpressibly shocked at such a present, as  she is extremely sensitive and refined. Jior disgust and shame wnrj  such that she refused to take delivery of the goods and rushed off to  her moth..r-in-law, the Empress,  throwing herself into her arms and  sobbing bitterly, /flie Empress, who  to a great degree educated and trained her daughter-ir-law. fully shared  her feelings in the matter, and expressed her indignation to the Kaiser. 'The Emperor only laughed and  said tbat they were making too much  of a trifle, whereupon he left his son  and daughter-in-law to come to an  explanation between themselves  about the affair.  Tliia explanation occurred some  time afterward and was a stormy  one. The couple became thoroughly  disunited and tlie Crown Prince'.;  private life afterward only served to  make the breach between them still  wider.  General   Opinion,  Wheat  More   Tender   Than  Flax  Louis A. Hartvigsen of P.egiua, who  is the representative of old-country  spinning and linen mills, writes as  follows:  I read in a newspaper about the  danger of frost, regarding the flax  plant. I have never thought that the  Canadian farmers were of tlie opinion  that flax was more teiiVier than wheat.  On the contrary, wheat is much more  tender than flax. For example, Russia does not cultivate Wheat in North  Russia, because the climate there is  too cold, therefore the Russians cultivate flax in North Russia, but wheat  in South, Russia. To -compare the climate in Western Canada with the climate of North Russia it is sufficient  to state that the flax plant takes .'n  Russia* 100 days to ripen, whereas in  Western Canada it takes but 85 to 90  days. Therefore Western Canada is  much more adapted for flax growing,  besides the soil here is richer than  the soil in North Russia.  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  pj local t.ppllcitlonn. as they cannot reach tha dSa.  Used porlicn ot tha ear. 'J'Uero is only ouo way to  rare deafness, and that la b/ constitutional remedlc*.  Dsifneta'la c&iued by aa Inflamed condition of the  mucous lining oi Ilia Eustachian 'rube. When thli  tube la luflamel you have a rumOHn; sound or Imperfect hearing, and when It Is entirely closed, Deaf-  D������M i3 tho result, nnd unless tho Inflammation can ba  Safcen out and this tubo restored to Its normal condition, hearlnj t.-I!I be destroyed forever; nine casta  sut ot ten are caused by Catarrh, which Is nothing  but aa Inflamed condition oi the mucous surfaces.  We Kill jive One Hundred Dollars foe. any case ot  Deafness (caused by catarrh) that cannot be cured  1*7 HaU'i Catsirh Cure.   Send for circulars. fre������.  F. J. CIIENEV 4 CO.,' TolefS* &  Bcid by Drusglsts, 75c.  Tilt Hall'? Family Fills tor constipation.  On "Blighted Affection"  I never had any astonishing adventure in a street car. I never protected  any lady passenger from the advances  of a Fiend in Human Shape; I never  rescued from "imminent Peril" a fair  unknown who thanked mc with a deep  blush and handed me her card���������being1  the daughter of a millionaire. On the  contrary I have held frantic children  and taken care of dyspeptic lap dogs-  [ have been entrusted with bundles  which became vitalixed iu my hands  and would undo themselves and cover  me with hooks and eyes and spools of  cotton. I am the unfortunate gentleman who always "maIces room for a  lady" and have been poked witli an  umbrella for my pains.  Vet because an apple never dropped  on my head I have no reason to doubt  the "Theory of gravitation, and I have  no cause to be sceptical regarding  '���������blighted affections" just because I  never was elected to romance and adventure.���������Bret Harte.  Germany may be able to keep the  wolf from the door, but how about the  bear?  Bumptious  Prince  Trince Herbert Bismarck, at a  royal reception, bumped roughly  againiit an Italian prelate, who looked  at him indignantly.  "You evidently do not know who I  am," said the prince haughtily. "I am  Herbert Bismarck."  "OU." answered the prelate, "if that  doesn't amount to an apology, it is  certainly  a  perfect  explanation."  Hard Study and Too Little  Exercise Leads to St.  ^ Vitus Dance  There is much criticism of modern  educational .methods that require too  much work "of school children, allowing them too little time for play and  preventing sufficient out-of-door exercise.   When the study of music or any-  other accomplishment, with the necessary practice, is added-e the strain is  increased. Under these conditions the  blood becomes impoverished and fails  to nourish the nerves.   The child becomes  restless, and twitching of thc  muscles follow.   Sometimes the child  stumbles in walking and drops what  ic  tries  to  hold.    Pallor,  listlcssness  and irritability   are   symptoms   that  early show that the blood and nerves  are failing to meet the demands made  upon them, and that St. Vitus dance  has fastened its hold upon the child-  In this condition there is no tonic  can, equal    Dr.  'Williams' Pink Pills,  which build up the blood, strengthen  the nerves and safely help to meet the  demands of the growing child. Out-of-  door exercise, nourishing food, plenty  of sleep    with    these tonic pills will  cure even the most severe cases of St.  Vitus dancQ.   Wc offer the following  proof:    "Op lo the age of ten years,"  says Mrs. Johnson, of Hemford, N.S.,  "my son  Calvin  was as healthy and  rugged as any child could be.    Then  he began to complain that his eyes  hurt him, and of. pains in the head,  and began to fall back in his studies  at school.   Then I noticed a twitching;  of the muscles of his face and arms,  and later his whole body seemed to be  in constant motion. Our family ^ihysi-  *cian   was  called  in  and   pronounced  the   trouble   a   severe   attack of St  Vitus dance.   He was undeiMhe doc*  tor's treatment for some three months  but did not seem, to improve. We had  taken him froni/������chool. and were car--  ful   that  nothing  should  excite  him,  but  notwithstanding he grew  worse,  and theleast start would bring on attacks of hysteria.    This went on  for  some months until Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills    were   brought to my attention,  and we decided to give him this medicine.    After using a few boxes there  was a noticeable improvement, and by  the    time he had taken nine or ten  boxes   he   had  recovered   his   former  good health.   There has been no sign  of a return of the trouble, and I can  scarcely say how thankful we feel for  the complete restoration of our son's  health."  Parents who find their growing boys  or girls becoming nervous should lose"  no time in giving them Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills- You may ward off an attack of St. Vitus dance, or if the  trouble has reached that stage the  Pills will effect a cure. Sold by all medicine dealers or by mail at 50 cents a  box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  ville, Ont.  As   you   would    any    other  household   commodity���������with  an eye to full value.    .  i  When you buy EDDY'S  Matches you receive a generously filled box of Surer Safe  Lights.  Ask. For  Silent Parlor Matches  ' Prohibition in "Saskatchewan  The* enactments at the recent session of the legislature of Saskatchewan provide for the closing of all  open bars, the cancelling of club  liquor licenses and the placing of the  wholesale trade in the hands of the  government. The measure in question  is among the most radical of its Iciud  enacted in Canada, it also adopts a  new idea by providing that, after a  trial of barless life'the people may,  at a given time, re-establish the existing order. There was complete prohibition by law of the liquor trade in  Saskatchewan once, and when they  got the chance the people changed the  situation and established a license  system. The changes have been  many since then, however, and the  experiment of this year will have to be  judged on its own record.���������Montreal  Gazette- A  An Oil of Merit.���������Dr. Thomas' Ec-  lectric Oil is not a jumble of medicinal substances thrown together and  pushed by advertising, but the result  of tlie careful investigation of the  curative qualities of certain oils as  applied to the human body. It is a  rare combination and it won and kept  public favor from the first- A trial of  it will carry conviction to any who  doubt its power to repair and heal.  Iceland and Ireland  Iceland was once very near to becoming a part of tne British empire.  Uninhabited until the middle of the  ninth century, it was first discovered  by a little company of Irish monks,  who had fled their own land to escape  the ravages of the pagan Norsemen.  Ihey built themselves a home in the  new land, and seemingly intended to,  stay ' when, after a few years, the  Norsemen also discovered Iceland and  the. monks fled back to Ireland. Not a  few Scotch and Irish emigrant'^ however, found their way to Iceland in  later times.���������London Express.  Farmer Legislators  As a matter of fact it is a distinct  loss to Canada and to the west in par  ticular that there are not more farmer  members of legislatures and the federal parliament, either as independents or as members of one or other  of the great parties. The benefit to  be derived from a more numerous  farmer representation in parliament  and legislatures would be two-fold.  -Agriculture would be more likely to  get its just due villi a strong representation of its own people on the job  and there would also come to tho  farmers through their representatives  a much clearer insight into fne difficulties and problems of government���������  something which too many men on  the farms have no knowledge of and  fail to appreciate when they make  some of their ill-considered'"claini3  for special consideration.���������Calgary  Herald.  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures Garget in  A certain editor recently received  from a lady some verses, daintily tied  up with pink ribbon, "I wonder if he'll  miss me'.'"  After reading them he returned the  effort to the sender with the following  note:  "Dear Madam: if he does he ought  never to be trusted with firearm3  again."  A ���������THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C.  Cl������  WEEKLY   WAGES AMOUNT   TO MILLION DOLLARS  Some Sixty Thousand Artisans are now Employed in 247 Canadian  Factories, Manufacturing Shells for  the War Arena  ���������Will Soon be Turning Out 50,000 per Day  Sixty thousand artisans are employed in Canada', drawing weekly wager,  of $1,000,000 in 247 lactones, manufacturing shells for the war arena. Orders for 9,000,000 shells have been  placed here by the shell committee  and for 1,100,000 cartridge cases, fuses  and primers and friction tubes. For  these contracts orders have been  placed for 170,000 tons of steel, 30,:  000 tons of lead and several thousand  tons of other material. Canada will  be shortly turning out 60,000 shells  per day.  These facts were given by Colonel  Alexander Bertram, chairman of the  ���������hell committee, appointed by the Dominion government to superintend  the manufacture of munitions of war,  in an address to the delegates to  the Canadian-Manufacturers' association convention at Toronto recently.    Colonel Bertram said:  "Shortly after the war broke out  the . minister of militia received an  order from the British government  for supplies of arms and ammunition.  Contracts-were placed for these, both  in Canada and the United States and  then came the > request for 200,000  shrapnel shells, unloaded, in equal  numbers of 15 and 18-pounders. Canada possesses in the city of Quebec  a~ modern plant.for the manufacture  of shells, but its capacity is limited.  -It can only produce 75 shells per  day, which we now see was quite inadequate to meet the demand. There  "was only one thing to do. The minister of militia conceived the idea of  utilizing the engineering factories  throughout the Dominion for shell  manufacture, and to secure the cooperation of employees and employers  in the engineering trades to take up.  this patriotic Work.       :  "A committee was appointed to organize the movement throughout the  Dominion. The members of this committee are: Messrs. Thos. Cantley of  New Glasgow; George W. Watts, Toronto; E. Carnegia, Welland; General  T. Benson, master. general of ��������� ordnance; Mr. J. W.' Borden, chief accountant and paymaster-general, Col.  llartson and Col. Lafferty, the latter four representing the department  of militia and defence. I had. the  honor to be named chairman. -  "As a direct outcome   of the -worlc-  of the  shell committee a  copper re:  finery  in  Canada  will be made  possible.   Our experience in nine months  has demonstrated, the fact   that the  development of this industry in .the  Dominion, while it would undoubtedly  benefit every manuiacturer who lists  copper, is above all things a military  necessity. Canada will not have to remain long under the reproach of having to import its refined copper, and  I can assure you of this, that within  three or four" months we expect to be  making, in this country, from the native product, all the copper bands required in the production of shells. ,-���������'���������  "It; was agreed to supply all the  component: parts .of shells free of  charge to those manufacturers' who  -would undertake the work of finishing and, 'assembling the complete  shells. In this way many of the smaller manufacturers were relievedof the  financial burden of carrying a heavy  stock ot .the raw, materials, and  which very largely contributed to  the success of this huge undertaking-  It Avas further decided to. eliminate  unhealthy competition by paying' uniform price for the same article. An  inspection company was chosen to  deal with all shell components,- thus  relieving the assembling manufacturers of the responsibility of ��������� inspection; while at "the same time satisfying the shell committee beyond  question that the component parts of  shells were correct in every, particular before the finished article .passed into the hands of the government  inspector. 7 '  ."Starting with the first order for  200,000 shrapnel we have since placed  orders aggregating .9,000,000 shells  consisting of 15 and 18-pounder shrapnel; 18-pounder, 4-5. and 60-pounder  high explosive shells. In addition we  have placed orders fro 100,000 cartridge cases, 5,000,000 fuses, 2,000,-  000 primers, and 1,000,000 frictior.  tubes. ���������;'���������  In no one single establishment in  Canada, except the Dominion Arsenal  at Quebec, is the complete .shell  made. One hundred and thirty firms  from Halifax to Vancouver are en-'  gaged in the work ofmachining aud  assembling. Others are occupied in  the manufacture of' blanks, bullets,  discs, cartridge cases, buckshot, primers, tubes, tin cups for shrapnel  grub screws, sockets, and plugs, steel  base plates, and boxes. From an  enumeration of these various articles  it will be observed how extensive the  several operations are-���������Monetary  Times.   ��������� ..  Man's Natural Defences  Microbes Which  Would   Destroy  Him  Meet    Death    While    Passing  /  Through    a    Healthy  Nose  The thoughtful reader will say,  "Surely in the battle of man against  microbe there must be some natural  means of defence by which men have  conquered in the past, long before  the microscope was invented!" He is  right; and science is never better employed than in studying these natural  defences, writes Dr. C. W* Saleeby in  the Youth's Companion. For example,  we find no microbes at all in air after  it passes through the healthy nose.  The nose is the original "domestic  filter'' for all microbes in dust in the  air. Its secretions are antiseptic also,  and man has no more valuable outwork of defense than a normal nose.  A choked nose, through which a person cannot" breathe, means that microbes enter the lungs freely by way of  the filterless mouth.  In the stomach we find free hydrochloric acid, produced some half hour  or less after a iner.l. Its production  from the common salt or sodium  chloride of the blood by the living  cclla tha'-. line the stomach is one of  the wholly inimitable feats of the  body. Until recently most of us  thought that the hydrochloric acid  was formed in the stomach solely in  order to digest food, but now we have  evidence to show that this hydrochloric acid is also a valuable antiseptic,  working, for once, inside the body  without hurting it, and probably often  saving us from the microbes of consumption and typhoid fever. Thus the  two great avenues of entry to the  body are in a large degree guarded.  H may be added that no known microbe can, unaided, penetrate the surface of the unbroken and healthy  Bkin.  ment as it is concerned with the  dairy industry in Saskatchewan, is  'shown by the fact that Tn 1914 no  less than 3,625 farmers patronized  the government co-operative creameries, being a number 35 per cent,  larger than that of the previous year.  Four thousand cases of Alberta  butter were shipped aboard the Ma-  kura for Australia, July 5. Usually  the shipments come from the other  direction, for New Zealand butter  has quite a reputation here. But  following a drought in Australia,  there is a butter shortage. The  shipment was it. response to cabled  offers to Vancouver ^commission  houses  ���������I  Western Butter Trade  Growth of the Co-operativve Movement in Saskatchewan  A fair idea of the growth of the  co-operative movement in rural  Saskatchewan is provided by the  announcement, made recently, that  the provincial dairy commissioner  had at i"hat time filled the iargert  single butter order ever given in  Western Canada, having sold for  shipment to British Columbia no  less than nin3 carloads of butter,  aggregating 252,000 pounds, the sale  price being 26 cents per pound, or  $65,520.  The magnitude of this order will  be better realized when it is noted  that the amount represents only a  part of tho surplus butter made during one month In thc co-operative  creameries 'in that province. The  growth   of   the   co-operative -move-  Fate of the Hapsburgs  Austrian Emperor the Unhappi.est of  Crowned  Monarchs  The collapse of Austria as a power  is surely the last blow that fate can  deal the aged Emperor Francis-Joseph  whose private life has-been one long  chapter of woes .without a parallel in  history.  His wife, the saintly Elizabeth, was  assassinated by an anarchist in Geneva. Maximilian, his impulsive brother, was made Emperor of Mexico, and  shot as a usurper by his subjects.  The Crown Prince Rudolph, his on1.}'  son, was a suicide; his sister-in-law,  the Duchess d'Alencon, burned to  death at a charity bazaar in Paris. ,  Then his favorite grandchild married against the emperor's ^vish, an3  her love ended in her .shooting of the  rival in her husband's affections.  Next caiuj. the killing of Franz Ferdinand and his consort���������the culminating tragedy which precipitated the  Great War.  No wonder Austrians speak of  "the curse 'of the House of Hapn-  burg"���������a curse uttered by the Countess Karoyli when her son was  put to death in 184S for taking part  in the Hungarian rebellion.  The Countess called on heaven an.l  hell to blast the happiness of the  Emperor, to extcrminrte his dynasty,  to strike him through those h'* love',  to wreck his public and private life  and ruin his chiluen.  The Monarch's record has carried  this out with more than melodramatic completeness, and a tragic romance which no fic'ion could ever  excel.  How To'Get Men  Canadians     Have     Not   Yet, Realized  What the  War   Means  Up to the present'-time Canada has  raised a force of about one-tenth of  what she could raise if every man of  military age Avere to be drafted.  Though all the men who have been  called for by the government have  come forward except the last 35,000  now . being mustered, and in many  quarters Canada -has ..received high  praise for the alacrity with which she  .sprang to the assistance of the Mother Country, such a showing as we  have made we should consider contemptible if made by Greece, Rou-  mania or Bulgaria. We are fighting  Germany with only about one-tenth of  our strength, and Germany is not to  be beaten by foes that fight her in  that way. If, as we say and believe,  this is our war as much as it is the  war q.f England or France or Belgium,  we shall have to got into it, and not  leave the righting to be done by oho  out of every ten men "capable of doing  it Hon. Arthur Meighen said a few  days ago' that it might yet be necessary: for every able-bodied Canadian  jto go to the front or to discharge  some other: equally necessary duty  connected with the war. .."'.  It; is said that recruiting for the  draft of-35,000 men recently called for  has been slow- If this be true, there  are two conditions that would seem to  explain it: First, Canadians have not  realized as-the Belgians and the  French have realized what the war  means, that they have from the first;  assumed the inevitable triumph of the  Allies, and that we were not greatly  needed; the second Condition, which  is partly connected with the first, is  that such a small; number as 35,000  was called for. The way to get 35,000  men speedily is to call for 100,000.;  If a demand were made for half-a  million men it .would bring home to  Canadians as' nothing yet has done  the extreme gravity of the situation,  and the necessity for the greatest  sacrifices. When only 35,000 men are  called for the notion that Canada does  not ��������� need to exert herself greatly is  strengthened, and this notion makes  it all the more difficult to enroll the  men desired. If a callwere to be put  out for half a million men they would  come forward, and the 35,000 immediately required would be selected from  them. The names of the remainder  would be taken .-.nd they could be  given some preliminary drill, so that  when another batch of 35,000 was required it could be despatched without  delay. Military, authorities know better than laymen how many men are  needed. They do not necessarily know  better than laymen how the men are"  to be induced to volunteer.���������Toronto  Mail and Empire. ���������  GREAT BRIT  LIBERTY OF THE INDIVIDUAL AGAiNST DESPOTISM  A Remarkable Tribute is Paid by a Chicago  Newspaper  to   the  Stand Taken by Great Britain in  the   European Conflict  ���������Fighting for the Principles of Liberty  Canada's Wool Trade.  The    Brands   of   Wool    Produced    in  Canada  Are   Not All   Required  Within Canada  Canada's total m-oo1 production is  officially given at- about ��������� 14,000,000  pounds per year. Of this, about one-  quarter was exported in the year ending March 31, 1915, chiefly to the  United States, where connections  have been established and certain  standard lines of woollens are produced from Canadian wool.  The ordinary commercial trade in  woollens in Canada has been considerably curtailed, but war orders  have just about balanced lack of ordinary trade orders. Were an embargo placed on wool, it would leave  a surplus of Canadian wool on hand  in Canada that would drug the mar-  k3t sufficiently to break prices 50 to  60 per cent. This actually nappened  a few weeks ago, when a temporary  embargo was placed on wool going  to the United States.  Canada imported during the fiscal  year 1014, over 9,000,000 pounds of  wool, and exported 2,841,000 pounds.  The reason for this exchange of  wools is that there is a wide variety  of wool for widely different purposes. Each country has its own  peculiar grades, lhe product of certain breeds and climatic conditions.  At the present time, the brands -jf  wool produced in Canada are not all  required within Cai.ada.  The Chicago Daily News' contains  a striking tribute lo the part Great  Britain has played in the war, and  shows how she ic bending her  energies to a colossal task." Here,  says the Chicago '.Daily News, are  some of the things Britain is doing'  "1���������Holding the seas^or the ships  of her allies as weila's' for her own-  "2���������Protecting the coasts of her allies as weir as her own.  "3���������Struggling in co-operation .with  the Freiuh,, to smash the Turks,  and win the Balkans for the allied  cause.   :  ' "4���������Rendering great aid to French  and Belgian troops in resisting the  terrible onslaughts of- the: Germans  on the  allied left wing in7 the west.  "5���������Making loans and supplying  munitions to nearly all her partners  in the war. '���������;".-  "6���������-Pursuing a financial policy in  southeastern Europe likely to promote the cause of the nationalities.  "7���������-Putting into the field more than  ten times as many men.as she ever  promised. .':.'.   I  "8���������Guarding herlown soil and people against an ���������������������������invasion, which if it  came��������� and it is believed to be far.  from impossible-���������doubtless would  be the most savage, the. most: unsparing, ever .known! With how  many men?." Well, with. er.ough. To  hear some people"���������.-talk)" one would  suppose that upon Britain were laid  the duty of defending every land but  her own. '..-������������������.'.'  "Britain's wealth and sea power  and military power are the one sure  safeguard against the triumph of Germany's unparalleled war'" machine.  Without Britain's" help, France and  Russia certainly must have been  crushed. Without Britain's wholehearted participation in the war, who  will say that Italy., would have ventured to challenge; the mighty and  merciless' Germanic coalition? With  Britain out of ihe struggle would  there have been any hope of the Bal  kan states daring to move?  "And Britain���������never forget it���������was  not compelled to go to the aid of  France. Come what might, the most  that ever Britain promised Francs  were six divisions���������120,000 men. She  was not in honor bound to send a  single soldier more. She could havo  stayed out of the war, Germany had  begged her to stay out of the war.'  Disgraced she might have been���������as  Britons think, must have/been���������if she  had left Belgium and France and  European liberty to,their doom.  "But she could have done this.  Few nations are without disgrace,  without historical pages they fain  would obliterate. Britain was not attacked. France and Russia wore attacked. Britain might have awaited  the onset, as America is awaiting the  onset.- Britain might have stood  clear, might have husbanded her resources of men. and money, might  swiftly have prepared, even might  have loomed over the stricken adversaries in the end and claimed the  hegemony pf Eurnp^ for herself-  "Britain did not do so.  "She threw into the balance her  impressive racial record, her prestige, her unrivalled diplomatic skill.  She threw���������is throwing���������will throw  into the balance the whole puissance  of her empire. ..���������:.;"  "And all for what? For the principle���������the fruits of the principle���������of  the liberty, of the individual against  the despotism of the state.  "Britain, one can. believe, may be  the author of some acts of which she  is not proud���������may have done some  Ihings to cause her, looking back upon them with full light, to.wish they  had never been done. But in this  war this old and proutT democracy is  unfolding, applying : a material  strength and a moral splendor, that  for countless ages after this conflict  is stilled .will be shining undimmed  amid the first glories of history."  French   Need  Ammunition  /,  Toll of Submarines  Easily   Captured  Do you know the latest story about  Lord Kitchener? He had been  spending a considerable amount of  his time in inspecting home-made  trenches, but had never once vouchsafed a word of comment, .lust as he  was going someone with great temerity asked him what he thought of  them. K. of K.'s reply was terse���������  and typical, "They wouldn't keep the  Salvation Army out," he .said, and  walked away.  Britain    Has   Suffered   Comparatively  Small Losses From This Method  of Warfare  Thc destruction of ships by the  German submarines during their busiest season, in the three months after February 18, made up an account  of 86 vessels, great and small, or at  tho rate of :i-M a year. Of these,  fifty-live were British- The rest  were: French five, Russian and Finnish 3, making a total of sixty-three  for the allies. The neutral nations  have lost - twenty-three vessels rus  follows: Norwegian, ten; United  States, three; Swedish, four; Dutch  three; Danish, one; Greek, one, and  Italian one. Thc British total, therefore, is at the rate of a mere 220  per annum. During the last two  great wars we had wtih France, the  Revolutionary and the Napoleonic  wars, which began in 1793 and ending after a brief interval in 181.4, 10,-  871 British merchant ships were  captured or sunk by .the enemy. That  gives an average of'no less than 518  per year. Even after the decisive  battle of Trafalgar, when we had the  undisputed command of the sea, th'.*  loss of British ships went on at a  rate of over 500 ships a year. In  jSOtJ. 519 ships were sunk or captured���������that is the year after Trafalgar  ���������in 1807, 559 ships; in 1808, -169; in  1809, 571; and in 1810, C19.  Original Estimates Have Proved to be  Entirely Too   Low   For  the  Purpose  The French press is now clamoring  for more cannon and more ammunition with as much insistence as the  English. They take as _their text  General Castelnau's declartion: "War  must be waged not. by the shock of  men, but by the shock cf ammunition."  A year ago the ammunition supplies  for the three-inch field guns were  only 1,200 shells per gun, with a reserve of 200. It had been iLcreased  from 700 per gun in 1909, after General Langlois had declared in the  senate that the supply then on hand  would be just sufficient for a day and  a half of battle. He asked for 3,000  -shells per gun. Only ^,400 were granted, provision being made for the manufacture of 13,500 shells a day in the  government arsenals.  The first month of war showed tha':  all estimates as to needed ammunition were too lo-/. . French arsenals  and privatt factories are now said to  be producing 170,000 shells a day. Notwithstanding the continued demands  of the press for more ammunition,  this is supposed to be sufficient for  current needs, besides creating a big  reserve stock, careful estimates putting at from 100,000 to 150,000 ihe  number of shejls now being used each  day.  The prodigality of the French army  in shells has already been set forth  in despatches. The intensity of the  German fire is indicated by the actual  count of 20,000 shells fired in an hour  and a half upon a French position  350 yards in length and 400 yards in  depth in the Bois d'Ailly.  lt is estimated that more than 200,-  000 shells were used by them in the  actions between April 5 and April 13  in thc Forest of Apremor.t, while the  French over a limited front near  Sousain in Champagne fired 100,000  shells of large calibre.  The consumption of small arms  ammunition, though there have been  no great pitched battles since the  battle of Yser, is also a great problem, due in part to the greatly extended use of machine guns. Fifty  of these weapons, firing constantly at  the rate of 300 cartridges .. minute,  use a million an hour. The number  of cartridges used on both fronts,  from the Carpathians to the North  Sea, bus been estimated at 30,000,000  a day. The equipment of the French  army alone, not providing for the reserve ammunition, requires 300,000,-  000.  A Chilly  Spot  "You'll have to change my place on  the bill," declared the lady acrobat. "I  find the audience too cold)"  "How will a shift help that any?"  demanded   the  vaudeville  manager.  "Why, I come on just after a fellow  who is lecturing on the arctic."���������  Louisville Courier-Journal.  She���������Do you believe in church lot-  cries? |  He���������Well,    I  was    married    in    a '  church  Drills for Alfalfa  Alfalfa is all the better for cultivation, but the disk harrow or disk drill  splits tbe plant crowns and harms  them. The old fashioned shoe drill is  recommended. Th to are machines especially made for the work which are  excellent.  The Good Ship Discovery  Captain Scott's Old Ship Now Carrying  War Freight  The famous ship Discovery, which  carried Captain Scott and his crew  on his celebrated, but tragic expedition to the South Pole, slipped quietly and unnoticed into New York harbor/recently. She n carrying a cargo  of ammunition to France.  Built in 1900, by tne Royal Geographic Society at Dundee, Scotland,  for Captain Scott's Antarctic expedition, the Discovery for two winters  was solidly frozen in the ice fields.  The money spent in the hard woods  of her hull was fully justified time  and again during the perilious months  in crushing ice near the southern extremity of the world.  After her Antarctic voyage the ship  was sold to the Hudson Bay company.  She has made several voyages between the busy piers of London and  the foresaken trading posts along  Hudson Bay in quest of cargoes of  skins and furs.  Being built to withstand ice pressure, her great bows are made of  hard woods, eighteen feet solid. Teak,  greenheart, stout oak and pitch pine  have gone into her construction without a thought for expense. In strength  the Discovery is a Gibraltar of -the  seas.  Her hull at its thinnest places is  two feet three inches in thickness. Of  this thickness there is one foot of  oak, one foot of teakwood and three  inches of pitch pine. Iron has not  been used on the Discovery, for it  would have seriously interfered with  the compass and other delicate instruments, which were located . forward; and upon which rested in great  degree the  success of the voyage.  Copper has beeu used to a great  extent. The crew, proud of its fittings, point to tho copper joints,  blocks and the like, which meant the  investment of a small fortune.  The staterooms are lined with wool,  being insulated to keep the cold out.  One of the officers volunteered the  information that it was often so hot  in his room that he went down to tho  engine room to cool off.  Whispering 'Phone For Battleships  A new variety of telephone receiver,  invented by Pierre Delange, a Dutch  engineer now in London, is being tested out by the British admiralty with  a view to installing it on battleships,  and is already being used in the  field by the British war office.  Delange's Invention is said to do  away completely with the buzzing  sounds caused by strong vibrations  in the telephone receivers of the  type in general use, and the new receiver is so sensitive that jt transmits whispers.  Because of 'he latter quality, it ia  reported, Scotland Yard has decided  to adopt the now receiver on a com*.  pK-hensive scale.  Mistress���������I shall be very lonely,  Bridget, if you leuve me.  Bridget���������Don't worry, mum. Ill  not go until ye have a houseful ot  company.  Silos are making their appearance  in Saskatchewan. The farmers in the  North Battle-ford district think that a  f.'.tructuro half under ground is tho  most suitable for this climate. ���������3.U) J^W-^Mi^^ti-W^-TiftlJHtrt VL������"^  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  h' ���������"  ij-r.  l'l  -, Word wa-s received in this city  this week, that Mrs. John Heron  |iad died in Moncton, N. B., on  September 2, after an illness of several month. She is survived by  Mr. Heron'and two children. Mrs.-  Heron was well and ' favorably  known in this city, where the family resided for many years. The  many friends of the family here will  be griaved to learn of her death.  into the city on Monday last from  Greenwood in his .big car. He is  having the car overhauled at tne  garage here.  James McDougall; of the 54th  battalion, who has been spending a  week with relatives in this city, returned to the   Vernon   camp today.  "Our Best Friend vs. Our Worst  Foe" ��������� is the subject for Sunday's  Baptist churc*h sermon. A cordial  welcome to all.  Frache Bros, sant down an additional shipment of flowers to the Spokane Interstate.fair on Tuesday, Mr.  DeCew, who is in charge of the board  of trade exhibit, having sent up a request fur them by telephene.  Services will be held in the Methodist church on Sunday, September  19, as follows: 11 a.m., the Lord's  Supper will be administered;' 7:30 p.'  in., subject, "Christ and the City."  The pastor will preach. If '^Nc>  Church" is your church, make ours  vour home  Max Kreuger, of Greenwood,  spent a few days in the city this  week.  " Men, come with the crowd to the  new sjtore for bargains in tans, backs  and Oxford shoes. Regular $1.50 and  $5.00 going for $2 00 a pair. 'Come  early and have the first choice. MacDougall & MacDonald.  Men. have you seen the valnes  MacDougall '&, MacDonald are offering in men's- suits; tweeds,' serges,  worsteds. Prices $11.75; 12.00, 13.50  18.00, 21.00; all sizes.  Mrs J. D. Hobden will receive on  Friday afternoon, September 24th,  and thereafter on the first Tnesday in  each month.  Additions to the  Fair Prize List  James   Thompson   is   building   an  assay office at Franklin.  Lewis Johnson aand Pat Maginnis,  of the Union miue, came down from  Franklin camo vesterday.  Men, have you seen the neat line  of flannel working shirts? Grey, blue,  brown, mixed tweeds; all sizes. Prices  SI.00. 1.25, 1.50,. 1.75 each. Mac-  Dougall &, MacDonald.  Packed Fruit Displays by Packing  School Pupils  All pupils of packing schools,  who attained a proficiency of 75 per  cent or over, in the Packing Schools  conducted by the Department of Agriculture durincr the winter months  1914-15, are eligible for entry'in. competitive exhibits of packing fruit.  Rules for Compettiion  No entry fee. 'Each competitor to  exhibit five stand ard boxes -of five  or fewer varieties, to be packed by the  pupils without assistance; five packs in  the diagonal style, all layers except  the face wrapped; no layer, papers;  fruit may be wiped; covr;r need not  be nailed down.  The-fruit will be scored on   the  fol  Men, We Claim  We Have Better  Vaiues Than Any  Store in Town  Let's Talk About Men's  Hats and Caps  One Glimpse Will  Convince You We  Have the Goods  MacDougall 8  MacDonald  When you got a new Hat or Cap of us you leave our"store with the knowledge  that your head is correctly clothed.. * We don't sell old'style Hats or Caps, which  means something when you realize that hat and cap styles change each season.  Only the Ha test Models Are  Here  Waiting for You  Wo could tell you a great deal more about the advantages of buying from us,  but we'd rather do it- right hero in thc store where we can illustrate our talk with the  I-[ats and Caps themselves'.  '  Come !    We don't expect to sell you one dollars' worth unless you want to buy.  Robert Livesley and family,of Anyox, are visiting friends in the city. Mr.  Livesley will return north; hut his  family will make their home at Danville during the winter months.  Ward Storer, driver for the British  Columbia  Copper   company, drove  E.W.Barrett  c/tuctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere, Any Time.  Stocks a Specialty  GRAND   FORKS, R C.  Soft Hats  See this  ran^e.    Colors: Black.  'o  brown, green; all  sizes. ��������� Price   $1.75  Soft Hats  See this beautiful range. Brown,  grey, green, black; all sizes and  shapes.  Price   $2.00  Stiff Hats  Why pay $4.00 for a*Hard'.Hat  when you get them here at these  prices?    All sizes and shapes.  P���������cc $2.50, $3.00  Caps  Men, see the beautiful line of  Caps .just arrived, in all shapes  and sizes. Plaids, checks3tweeds,  brown, grey, black, fancy colors.  Prices, 65c, 85c, $1.00, $1.25,  $1.50.  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  L  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old ���������  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  Ne\V HarneSSJ^nieSs repairing. All  work guaranteed.  Your patronage is solicited.  A. A. Frechette  *mtm  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  " "     Porriage Oats  "     Ferina  " "     Graham  "     WholeWheat  Let Us .Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  lowing basis:  Grading '. ���������    20  PACKING.  Alignment '  20  Bulge '.    20  Height at ends   2(J  Firmness   20  Total points     100  The fruit Judge will forward his  score to the Department of Agriculture, and   the   pupils   awarded    first,  second and third will receive prizes of  $15, '$10 and 85'  Only pupils of 1915 Schools may  compete.  Pupils whose, pack scores 75. per  cent, or over are credited with these  points for dipiomas whether thev were  successful in receiving money or not.  Department of Agriculture, S30.00.  POULTRY SECTION���������(Addition).  41.     Bantams.  After a girls has stepped on a man's  corn he" discovers that she is no   fairy.  When a belle marries a beau the  disappointed do not dare to forbid  the bans.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand" Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and district first.  The Sun costs only-81 a year,  prints all the news.  ft  \^^A)iS!������^&'SS^^S������Ssi&^^^l^'^S^^^^\  If you have a few hundred  or a few thousand dollars  that is idle, you can put it to  work earning you good interest by placing a Money to  Loan Ad. in our Classified  Want Columns.  People with gilt-edge collateral often require ready  cash and will pay good interest for it. Put your money  to work.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  A CAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at a close price for cash or ap-  ��������� proved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  CPCiCi l'ER ACRE-The old Graham ranch of  J)Jt*jU 312 ncn.'8, at Casoide. can he pur-  chaned at !?20 per ncre, if taken _ at once. ������ .  lC Ksiiiifr  owner, Rosslnnd, B. <-���������         AGENTS   WANTED  R  mi*'RR WANTKD ns npfCnts for our hiffl.  riuW'bicv.des. Write for low prices to  "pLI&tLBV'B   CYOFiB    WORKS,   ViC-  ������ sr*.       *~*. a ^^    English  3-Speed  Gear   and  ICVCIGS Ss. "igh"Grade CIeveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicycles store next thc Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboer SZtiJSFttZ  THOS  TORIA, B.C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK  your  repairs to  Armson, shoe  re-  T   pairer     The   Hub.    Look for the   B.K  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICKS paid for old Stove."  and   Ranees.    *������������������ C. Peckhnin,   secondhand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD   five room  house; two   block**   from  post office. - Apply this ollice.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with, special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  l'l  mssowsmsBBBi

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