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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 3, 1915

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 B-  and  Kettle VaSley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 44  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  The following directions   for canning tomatoes at  home  have   been  ���������issued .by the B.   C. markets commissioner's office:  Tomatoes are surely a most impor  tant and most valuable fruit because  they enter tnto some dish at   nearly  < . every dinner.  They are used in soups, entrees  and sauces, and are used whole for  - baking made overs: and for salads.'  They are also most useful in giving  a tasty touch to left over meat dishes. In the making of pickles.chow*.  chow, etc. green tomatoes are indispensable:- The housewife may readily have her own supply of home  canned tomatoes and home made  tomato stock for winter use, as well  as some tomatoes ready to serve at  any time with   lettuce   us  a   salad.-  - Macaroni baked with tomato sauce  ��������� is gradually displacing macaroni  ��������� baked with cheese, being much more  tasty and digestible.  Of all to'matoes.those grown in tbe  interior valleys of British Columbia  ' are unequalled in fine grain, richness  of color and firmness of flesh. The  supply . of these ideal tomatoes is  n6vv'at'itS'~h"'eign"^ and 'the " house-'  - wife must buy promptly to secure  the choicest of the crop, being assured that prices as well are at their  lowest; besides the peach and plum  preserving season wi.l be here very  shortly.  The following general directions  on tomato canning and recipes have  ' been prepared by Mrs. R. J. Deach-  man, who has the reputation in Calgary of an expert on home '���������canning:  Canned goods keep because they  are properly sterilized and properly  sealed. Tomatoes may be canned,'  and will keep indefinitely by the  following method:  N 1. An ordinary wash boiler with,a  tight-fitting lid, and a" talse bottom  put in a wire netting or a piece of  board to fit the boiier, will answer  the purpose of a cooker.  2. Sterilize jars) tops and rubbers  thoroughly by boiling them.  3. Choose sound, firm but 'not  over-ripe slock.  -1. Blanch the tomatoes by placing  llieui in a muslin bag, bulling water  poured over them to entirely cover,  and allowing them to boil a minu'.e.  Then plunge in cold water to loosen  the skins and harden the pulp  5. Peel nt once, atul |j?iek in the  jars, adding tomato juice to fill the  jars, and it level teaspoon of salt to  each quart. Do not add any water,  as tomatoes are themselves 91 per  cent water.  ���������J. i'lace rubbers and tops in place,  partially tighten lops and sterilize  the given time.  7. Remove from boiler, tightening the tops an you fill each one,  and stand the jars iip.-ide down to  cool,  In cunning whole tomatoes prepare the liquid as follows:  Alter blanching and removing  skins fioin some tomatoes, cut up  and boil in a preserving kettle for  25 minutes. Rub through a sieve  to remove seeds and to make smooth  Return to the kettle, and reheat.  While the strained liquid is beating,  select some small firm,ripe tomatoes ' week.  just big enough to slip into the jars.  Place these in boiling water for a  moment,.core and peel. Pack carefully in'the jars without crowding  .or spoiling their shape. Add a level  teaspoonful of salt to each quait and  fill up the jars with the strained hot  liquid. Put on rubbers and tops,  .partially tighten tops, and place in  the boiler on the false bottom. Have  the water in the boiler rather hot, to  prevent the already, hot jars from  breaking. Sterilize for half an hour,  tighten tops, remove from boiler  and cool.  Tomatoes canned in this way are  available for serving in any way  where fresh whole tomatoes are  used, such as in salads, breading or  baking and the strained juice is the  basis of many soups.  Canned tomatoes for general   use:  Blanch and peel the tomatoes and  pack in jars as nearly whole as possible, filling the jars completely.  Add a level teaspoon of salt to each  quart. Place rubbers and tops in  place, partially tighten,put iu boiler  on false bottom, with water suflic  ient to come about half way' up the  jars Bring to the boil and sterilize  for one hour. Tighten tops, remove  from boiler and stand jars upside  down to cool.  Thick canned tomatoes:  URGES THAT STATE  "So intense is the interest in the  war among the Russian peasants,"  says a writer in the Novoe Vremya,  ''that every train stopping at a wayside station is besieged by. peasants  of both sexes and all ages stretching  their hands to tbe passengers and  crying. 'Give us a paper.'  "Before the war the Russian peasant looked upon a newspaper as  material for rolling up a cigarette.  Nowhereads.it tio'm beginning'to  end."  i This prompts the writer to urge  tbe establishment of a great "People's Newspaper," to be run by the  state, not only as a newspaper for  the masses, but also as a 'means of  popular edueation.  i "Russia." he says, ''never developed systematically. - All her pro  gress has been sudden and by huge  strides. Peter the Great started reforming his nobles not by trimming  their   patriarchial    beards,   but  by  ! shaving them off all at once.  EWS OF THE CITY INDEPENDENT  CD. OF RIFLES  Pete Santure had a narrow escape  from serious injury while blasting on  the wagon road above the smelter  last Friday. In firing a blast a defective fuse was used, and the shot  went off before be had time to seek  a place of safety. A big boulder  came straight for his head, but  he threw up his arm to protect his  face, and thus escaped with a badly  bruised arm and a damaged eye from  smaller pieces of rock. The force  of the rock striking him stunned  him for a few seconds. He has now  nearly recovered from the effects of  bis injuries.  Prepare tomatoes as usual, place "Tue Russian people stopped  in a preserving kettle, without add-, drinking not gradually as a result of  ing any water, and boil until the de- a systematic temperance movement,  sired thickness. Fill the jars~im-| but'as'a result"of a drastic govern  mediately, add a little salt, put on ment measure. Why should not a  rubbers and tops and partially Sreat ������tate newspaper for the people,  tighten. Place in boiler and steril- circulated by the million, educate  ize 25 minutes. Tighten the tops our people in the shortest time, in-  uiid remove trom the boiler���������stand stead of a slow process of elementary  j,.rs upside down to cool. IschoC)1 education?"  H. N. Morrison had an unpleas  ant experience last Saturday while  riding horseback across the Kettle  river and leading a couple of horses.  His right leg in some manner became entangled with the ropp,which  was fastened to the saddle, and before he could extricate himself the  limb was severely bruised by the  horses pulling on the rope from different.points of the compass.  Mrs. Carrie E. Loaan, aged 55  years, an old-timer of the city and  for a number of years caretaker of  the city offices, died at the Cottage  hospital Monday morning.. The  funeral was'held oh Tuesday. The  city employees acted as  pallbearers.  S C. Studd, of Midway, has re-I The people of Cascade and dis-  signed his pasteral charge in order trict are endeavoring to establish a  to enlist for the front in England,      'farmers' institute.  EN WHO MME A BIG FAIR  The Ladies' Aid of the Methodist  church invite the members of the  congregation to a social evening in  the church on Wednesday, the 8th.  The '"earn a dollar fund" ^.amounts  will be received. A good musical  program is being arranged and refreshments will be served free of  charge.  The strength of the Independent  Company of Rifles, Grand Forks,  on September 1 was as follows. All  the men have enlisted for foreign  service:  Captain S. G. Kirk.  Lieut. E. L. Stenstrom.  Lieut. K. E. Wilkinson.    ]  Color Sergt.- P. Barker.  Sergt. E. Hoi brook.  Corporal T. B. Cave.  Corporal C. Hewer  Corporal W. E. Hadden.  Lance Corporal R. Park.  PKIVATES.  H. Brouillette       A. Keir  J. Benvenuti C. G. Johnson  A. Benvenuti        A. Galipeau  R.  Campbell A. Marrone  H. Coomber A. Mowat  W. Corcoran   .     C. Nixon  A. Carlisle   . A. Symes  H. Collins G. Sargent  J. Ellis D. Stevenson  E. B.ussey D.Thompson  A. Heaven F. Wilkinson  W. Hendrson T. Wilkinson  D. 11. Harkness W.'Whippier  J. Korsa L. Zuchetto  P. Lekich J. T. Stafford  H: Leigh 0. Cook  Bugler D. A. Harkness.  Bugler H. Sale.  Bugler J. Lardin.  Major Da vies, of the 54th bat  talion, was in tbe city on Sunday.  In, "the-; afternoon' he motored to  Greenwood, accompanied by Capt.  Kirk, and on Monday he returned  to Vernon via Penticton.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  R. E. M. Grotty, ledgerkeeper at  ���������the local branch of the Bank of  Commerce^ left on Tuesday for  Cranbrook. After a month's work  in the bank there he will leave for  Montreal to enlist for active service.  Next   Monday,  .September  6, being Labor day and a statutory   holi  day,   the   post  ollice will be closed  with the exception of one hour from  3 till 4 p.m.  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at this  port, makes the following'detailed report of the customs receipts at'the  various sub-customs offices, as reported to the chief office in this city,  for the month of   August,T913:  Grand Forks. ..' 82,285.11  Phoenix  784.26  Carson...^................... 621.62  Cascade..  47.52  Tota  ������3,738; 50  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  clay during the past week, as re-  corded'by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min  Aug. 27���������Friday  58  28���������Saturday   .... 52  29���������Sundiy,  52  30���������Monday  59  .���������J 1���������Tuesday  49  Sept    1���������Wednesday .. 40  2-Thursday  *l.'{  Mux.  93  97  97  86  7:5  (>9  80  Inr.huH  Lieut. J. P. C. Atwood. of Strath  cona's Horse, writes his   parents   in   Rainfall   O.OS  this city   that   he  expects  to leave  Sewell, Man., shortly   for   England.  you  you  "Hello,   Smith,   where are  j heading   fore"     ''Where   do  S   Dinsmore,   fire  warden, and aj tj,ink   t   am   heading   for���������one  of  crew of   men   left   on   Tuesday   for I those   cheap   811.75   suits at Mac-  McCroo creek, where a forest   lire   is   Dougall & MacDonald's  Remember,  burning on the lake front. j tney won't jast iong al tnat   prjce.������  Charles    Henderson,   of   the   Al-      ������������������      .    , .  ,   . .   r, ,   .      . . . Ihe   Independent   Company    ol  goma    hotel, Greenwood, is   visiting' ... , '     J  ,.     . ,      ,,       ... ....     .        Sharpshooter  his sister, Mrs. Allen, on  Winnipeg:,.,.   .      ,       ,       ,,  ���������J nnity church on Sunday,  avenue. ; J J  irs   will   parade to Holy  The Spokane Interstate Fair and Live Stock Show this year gives  promise of being the largest and best ever held; more than $20,000 is'offered  in cash premiums and the best horses of the country will be'seen in the light  harness and running events. The management this year has fallen upon  Thomas S, Griffith, tho president, and George P. Larson, the secretary-  manager, and they are ably supported by a very enthusiastic board of hard  workers, among whom are D. L. Huntington and John T-. Smith, viee-presi-  dents; J. C. Cunningham, treasurer; Thaddeus S. Lane and Waldo G. Paine  John Morrell reports having mndej AIen> cal1 ancl sce tlie samples of  a strike of rich ore on one of his!,a" suits MacDougall & MacDonald  claims in   Franklin camp this week, j ai*e  showing.    They   are   ready   to  j take your measure for any kind of a  John Donaldson made a   business j suit you desire.     Be wise, men; call  trip to Vancouver this week. . here for vour suit.    Remember,  the    . ear|y Djr(j catches the worm.  A Canadian and a Russian   stood]   -  up to the bar in  the   Russell  hotel, j    The tobacco fund collection boxes  "ther trustees,   The'fair opens Sept. 13 and continues throughout'the   i Th(' ('iUlil(1]!U1 lr������'nfwl nnd   the Run-,*'��������� the city contributed in   August  a  sum retreated.  total of ������9.4 7.  miwjwasamm  mmmammi-imji HfHE'SU&r GRANT*   TOTCKSl'"KTC  A GOOD CHEW IN. A CLKAN WRAPPEK.  ia CENTS PER  Canada's Building  American   Paper   Pays  Tribute  to  the  Canadian  Exhibit as the Panama  Fair  Citizens" in ilia United States who  gc 10 tho exposition at San Francisco  will return wiili increased respect for  Canada unci tlie Canadian government,  thanks to the great building and tlie  extraordinary line exhibit that represent Canada's power.  There never was seen a more complete, inspiring exhibit of tlie wonders  ot ;i great, country.  The Canadians have gone to the  tiling themselves, they have eclipsed  completely the exhibits of every one  ol our individual states, and that j.s  putting it very mildly.  livery Canadian certainly should  visit, the Panama-Pacific exposition,  if-only to conlirm the opinion he  probably holds that Canada is a  -wonderful place and its government a  magnificent and 'capable government.  in. addition to Canadians, represen-,  tauves     of     very     state    and   every  county    in   the   United States  should  make it a point to spend a"thoughtful day in the Canada building.  They will learn there that it is  possible for n people not afraid of  ������������������paternalism of government influence"  to do wonders for the building-up of a  country-  And they will see splendid work  done by- private corporations, railroads and others, under proper and  efficient control by the people.  The Canadian building is a magnificent, dignified structure; its em-,  ployees are intcligeut, courteous, well  chosen men.  .Warvelousiy ingenious and striking  exhibits tell the story of the great  nation that lies north of ns. Canada  is an empire ot strength, beauty,  prosperity and unlimited possibilities.  Intelligent citizens of this nation  will rejoice in that Canadan exhibition, with its many proofs of Canadian intelligence, energy, good government and good citizenship.  JOvery citizen of the United StateJ  should he glad to know that we have  as our brother on the north a people  bo powerful, a realm so vast'and  prosperous.  Forever there can be between the.  United States and Canada only  friendly feeling and brotherly rivalry.  The Canadians, at great expense  and with great intelligence, have  sent to our exposition a demonstration of their power and ability. Every  American should make it a point to  study it- And every one who knows  the difficulty of developing a new  country will bow reverently to tlxe  power lhat Canada displays.  The exhibition made cannot properly be described. Tt is your duty to  see it.  It shows the beginning of man's  work-in a wild country, the forest,  the animals, the wilderness. And it  shows man conquering the earth,  making his home of the forest, his  fertile fields of the rough plains, his  servants of the waterfalls and of his  happiness in independence and free  government.  A wonderful empire is Canada, not  a part if England, but a greater  England. The people of this country  should be grateful for the exhibition  that Canada has sent to us.  See the Canada building if you can  and -all the other wonders of the  Panama exposition, and all the wonders of this great- country that lies  between.���������Los Angeles Herald-  The     Prime     Minister  on   Service   of !  Women in the War |  Speaking at a meeting organized by j  the   wholesale and  retail  distributing j  trades,; recruiting committee,  held in j  Westminster Palace hotel, llr. AKquUh j  paid a rfibuto to the women who have  answered   their   country's   call,   ana  are  releasing men   from   many  industries, iu order to offer themselves for  the new armies.  The prime minister iu the course of  ] his remarks said:  "To look at another branch���������a complementary i^but perhaps not less important branch of the mutter, yd far as  it concerns you���������namely, war service  for women. Up to April 24, more than  5O,00u' wero on the register. I think  that is a very satisfactory number Lo  have accumulated in so short u time  after tlie making of the appeal.  "Let me give you, by way of illustration only, the fact which was  brought to my notice a week or two  ago, when J was in Newcastle, appealing for.a large number ot men and  women to take part in the fabrication  and supply of munitions for the war.  [ went over one ot>thc largest���������I suppose tlie largest���������of our engineering  works, and 1 found that iu the department which is now engaged in the  manufacture of shells the number ot  employees had increased in the course  of the last three months tenfold, and  among those who were devoting their  time and their labor to that particular  form of industry, there were, 1 think,  something like, three or four thousand  women. Now, prima facie, one would  think that the manufacture of shells  was not exactly the kind of work for  which the 'hands or the brains or the  special aptitudes of women were peculiarly, appropriate, but that is a great  mistake. ]n the making of the fuse,  which in some ways is the most important part of the shell, female labor  is just as good���������I am not sure it is  not a liltle better���������than' the labor of  men, and when I asked, as 1 naturally did, seeing all these women engaged in this to most of them absolutely  novel occupation, whence Ihey had  been Recruited, f was told that some of  them iia'd been milliners, some dressmakers, waitresses, barmaids, domestic servants���������in fact, there was not a  single branch of what we may call  normal female industry which had not  been drawn upon for recruits in the  making of shells. If that can be dona  in an instant from the normal activities of\ women, xit ought to be a far  easier task iu the particular trades in  which you are mainly and directly  concerned, viz., the distribution,  wholesale and retail, of goods. Therefore, I think the employers, if there  lie any such, who at first sight might  feel a doubt as to the practicability of  replacing their skilleiL male assistants by female labor may take encouragement by the example which'has  been set them by the great munitions  firms of the country.  Birds on the Battlefield  A British officer writes: "I have  seen and heard large numbers (eight  in one old garden) of nightingales living and singing where our guns are in  position. As 1 write L can hear the  blackbirds and thrushes singing.* and  the sparrows are carrying large pieces  of straw about as though nothing were  happening���������and yet at the centre one  of the heaviest cannonades 1 have  ever heard is in progress not three  miles away, and the guns are firing ou  both sides and behind this olil chateau  where 1 am writing."  s  the British Empire  Warm Walls Keep Clean  The reason that lath and plaster  walls become streaked is explained  by John Aitken in Nature as due to  the tendency of hot air to deposit its  dust on cold surfaces: and the colder  the surface the weaker the power of  resistance. So where the laths protect the plaster from the cold outside the plaster receives less deposit  of dust than where it is between the  laths.  The Big- Shells  Cause, Greatest Havoc  Seven-eighths  Made by  the  by  of    Wounds in  Galicia  Large,,Calibre Gun  Missiles  Seven-eighths of the--wounds in  Galician fighting were caused  shells, half .of which were" fired- from  big calibre guns, said Surgeon-Major  Lesghintseff. to an interviewer.  ���������'Bullets p'iay no part now," he continued, "and the infantryman's ��������� rifle  is a toy. infantry merely occupies  the trenches the cannon have won.".  Most devastating of all are the new  skoda shells of the Germanic allies,  which are 18 inches in diameter and  weigh 2,800 pounds- The slcoda howitzer shoots at a high f-.ngle and its  shell penetrates '10 feet into soft  earth before exploding. It explodes  two seconds after striking. These  j howitzers do not resemble the Krupp  Wherever    a    hot steam  or  water ; mortars of the same calibre, to which  are said to be superior.* in every  pipe conies through a wall a vertical  streak of dust may be seen above it,  due to the hot air driving the dust  again?.! the cold wall. Rooms that  arc li?aiod by open grates are- much  less dusty than those heated by radiators, because iu the former the furniture is heated principally by radiation, and being warmer than the air.  it repels thc particles of dust instead  of catching them, while in the latter  the air heats the furniture and in so  doing deposits its dust on  it..  Kooms lighted by electricity Keep  clean longer than those heated by  gas, simply because the light is almost cold.  ft has been summed up as follows:  "Any surface hotter than the air  keeps free from  dint."  our  Wood Supply  A supply of wood sufficient for  tuturs needs will bo the result of:  1���������Reducing the jiuv capita consumption.  2���������Protecting the forests from fire.  .'1���������Increasing the annual growth per  acre through the practice of forestry,  By greater economy in the use of  wood the per capita consumption  could easily be reduced from the present figure of 2G0 cubic feet to 150  or even 100 cubic feet without hardship, We use only half the total volume of the tree and waste the other  half.  W. N. U. 1062  they  way.  When a skoda shell hits it means  death to everything within a radius  of 150 yards and even farther off.  The pressure of its gas rips open the  bomb proof shelters and catches  those who escape the metal 'fragments and Hying debris. This gas  enters the body cavities and tears  llesh asunder, sometimes stripping  the men of their clothes. Of course  the men in the immediate neighborhood of the explosion are annihilated.  So fierce is the heat of the explosion of the shells that it melts rifle  barrels as if they hail been struck  by lightning.  timidly  A  Soft Answer  A Hebrew peddler   rapped  at the kitchen entrance.    '  Mrs. Carter, very angry at being  interrupted " in her washing, flung  open the door and glowered at him.  "Did ve wish to see me?" she demanded in threatening tones.  The peddler backed off a few st?ps.  "Veil, if I did," he assured her with  an apologetic grin, "[ got myvish;  thank you."  The  Glorious Stand  of the  Canadians  at Ypres  (By the Canadian Kecord Officer)  (Continued From Last  Week)  lt is perhaps worth mentioning that  two privates of the 48th mgniandars  who hound their way into tus trencher  commai.aed by L,ieut.-Col. Lipsett,  '9uth Winnipeg Kitles, Sth Battalion,  perished .in the fumes, and it was noticed that their faces became blue immediately after dissolution. The Koyal  Highlanders ot .Montreal, 13th battalion, and the 48th Higniandors, .15t:i  Battalion, were more especially affeet-  c I by the discharge. The Koyal Highlanders, tLough considerably shaken,  remained immov.blt upon their  ground- The -lSth Highlanders, which  no doubt received a more poisonous  discharge,-were for the moment dismayed, and, indeed, their trench, ic-  cording to the te'jth-ony of very hardened soldiers, became intolerable.  - The battalion ��������� retired from the  trench, but for a very short distance,  and for a very short time. . in a few  moments they were again'their own  men. They advanced on and occupied the trenches which they had momentarily abandoned.  Jn the couite of the same night the  3rd Brigade, which had already displayed'a resource, a gall..ntry, and a  tenacity for which no eulogy could bo  excessive, was exposed (and with it  the whole allied cause) to a peril still  more formidable. It has been explained, and, indeed, tha fundamental  situation made the p-TU clear, that  several German divisions were attempting to crush .or drive back this  devoted Brigade, and in any eve.it  to use their enormouu numerical superiority, to sweep around and overwhelm" its left wing. At some point  iu the line which cannot be precisely  determined, the last attempt partially  succeeded, and in the course of this  critical struggle, Genua:, troops in  considerable, though not in overwhelming, numbers swung past the  unsupported left to the Brigade, and,  slipping in between the wood and St.  Julien, add 3d to the torturing auxie--'  ties of-the long-drawn struggle by the  appearance, nnd, indeed, for the moment the reality, of isolation from the  Brigade.base.  In the exertions made by the 3rd  Brigade during this supreme crisis, it  is almost impossible to single out a battalion without injustice to others; but  though the efforts of the Royal Highlanders of Montreal, 13th Battalion,  were only equal to those of the othor.  battalions who did such heroic service, it so happened' by chance that  the fete of some of its officers attracted special attention. Major Nora-  worthy, already almost disabled by a  bulletwour.d, Was bayoneted and kil.l-  ed while he was rallying his men wi.h  easy cheerfulness.  The case of Major McCuaig, of the  saine battalion, was not less glorious,  although his death can claim no witness. This most gallant officer was  seriously wounded, in a hurriedly: constructed trench, at a moment when it  would- have been possible to remove  him to safety. He absolutely refused  to move, and continued to guide an.1,  encourage his men. But the situation  grew'.constantly worse, and peremptory orders were received for an immediate withdrawal.  Those- who were compelled to obey  ti.em wer> most in-lste-t to carry  with tham, at whatever risk to their  owu mobility and saf ty. an "officer tj  whom they were-devotedly "attached.  But hs, knowing, it may be, better  than they the exertions which still lay  iu front of them, and unwilling to inflict on .hem the disabilities of a  maimed man, very resolutely refuse.'.,  and asked <.f them one thing only, that  there should be given to him as he lay  alone in the trench two loaded Colt  revolvers to add to his own which they  in his right hand as he made his last  request. And so, \yith three revolvers  ready to his hand for use, a very  brave officer waited to sell his lil\\  wounded and raekeu with p'.'.in, in an  abandoned trench.  On Friday afternoon the left of  thc Canadian lino was .strengthened  by important reinforcements of  British trcops, amounting to seven  battalions. Every effort was made  from lirst to last to reinforce the Canadian division with the greatest possible speed and from this time forward the 'Ivisiou also received further assistance on the left, from a  series   oi*    French'    counter-attacks,  exposed to fire  win   no   longer  pushed in a north-easterly    direction  from tiie ���������canal bank.  But the artillery fire of the enemy  continually grew in intensity,, and it  became more and more evident that  the Canadian salient could no longor  be maintalijfcd against the overwhelming superiority of-numbers by which"  it was assailed. , Slowly, stubbornly,  and contesting ever; ; aril, the defenders gave ground until the salient gradually receded from the apex, .near*, the  point where it had originally aligncl  with the French, and fell back upon  St.. Julien. Soon if became evident  that even St. Julien  from right to left,  'enable.  The 3rd Brigade was therefore ordered-to retreat (further south, selling  every yard y{ ground as dearly as it  had done since five o'clock on Thursday. But it was found impossible,  without hazarding far larger forces,  to disentangle detachments of the  Koyal Highlanders of Montreal, loth  Battalion, and of the Royal Montreal  Regiment, J IHi Battalion: The Brigade was ordered, and not a moment  too soon, to move back.  lt left these units with hearts as  heavy as .hose with which his comrades had said fare-well to Major McCuaig. The German tide rolled, indeed,  over the deserted village, but for several hours after the enemy had become master of tbe village the salient, and persistent rifle fire which survived showed that they were not yet  master of the Canadian rearguard. If  they died, they died worthily of Canada.'  The enforced retirement of the 3rd  Brigade (and to have stayed longi-r  would have 'i.en nurdness)" reproduced for the 2nd Brigade, commanded  by Brigadier-Ceneral Curry, iu a singularly exact fashion the position of  the 3rd ^Brigade itself at the moment  of the withdrawal of the French. The  2nd Brigade, it must be remembered,  had retained the whole line of  trenches, rough!-- 2,500 yards, which  it was holding at 5 o'clock on Thursday afternoon, supported by the .n-  comparabie exertions of the 3rd Brigade, and by the highly hazardous  deployment in which necessity had involved that Brigade.  The 2nd Brigade had maintained its  lines, lt now devolved on General Curry, commanding this brigade, to repeat the tactical manoeuvres with  which, earlier in the light, the 3rd  Brigade had adapted itself to thc  flank movement of overwhelming  numerical superiority. He flung his  left Hank round south, and his record  is that in the very crisis of this immense struggle he held his line of  trenches till Sunday he- had not  on Sunday afternoon he had not  abandoned his trenches- .There were  none left. They had been obliterated  by artillery. ������������������  He withdrew his undefeated troops  from the fragments ol' his field forti-  ���������lications, and the hearts of his mm  W'ere as completely unbroken as the  parapets of his trenches .'.were completely broken. In such a brigade it  is invidious to single .out any battalion for special praise, but it is perhaps necessary to the story to point  out that -Lieut-Colonel Lipsett, commanding the &0th Winnipeg Rifles, 8th  Battalion of the 2nd Brigade, held the  extreme left of the brigade position at  the most critical moment. ",."*���������  The battalion was expelled from-the  trenches early on Friday morning by  an emission of poisonous gas, but recovering in three-quarters of an hour  it counter-attacked, retook, the  trenches it had abandoned, and bayoneted the enemy. And after the 3rd  Brigade had -been forced to retire,  Lieut-Colonel Lipsett held his position, though his left was in the air,  until two British regiments filled up  the gap on Saturday .night  Tlie individual fortunes of these two  brigades have brought us to the  events of Sunday afternoon, but it is  necessary, to mak.e the story complete,  to recur for a moment to the events  of the morning- After a,very formidable attack, the enemy succeeded in  capturing the village of St. Julien,  which has so often been referred to  in describing the fortunes~of the Canadian left. This success opened up a  new and very menacing line of advance, but by this time further reinforcements had arrived.  Here again, it became evident that  the tactical necessities of the situation dictated an offensive movement  as the surest method of arresting further progress. General Alderson, who  was in command of the reinforcements, accordingly directed that an  advance should be made by another  British brigade which had been  brought up in support The attack  was thrust through the Canadian left  and centra, and as the troops making it  swept on. many of them going to cer  tain death, they paused an instant,  and, with deep-throated cheers for  Canada, gave the frst indication to  tne D'vision of the warm admiration  which their exotlcns had excite! in  the British Army.  The advance was indeed costly, but  it was made with a devotion which  could not be denied. The story is one  of which the Brigade may be proud,  but it does not bolong to the'special  accov. it of the fortunes of the Canadian contingent. It is sufficient for our  purpose to notice that the attack succeeded in its object, and the German  advance along the line momentarily  threatened, was arrested.  We had reached, in describing the  the events of the afternoon, the points  at which the trenches ol"-thc 2nd Brigade had been completely destroyed.  This brigade, the 3rd Brigade, and the  considerable reinforcements which by  this lime filled thc gap between thc  two brigades, were gradually driven  fighting every yard upon-a line running roughly from Fortuin, south of  St. Julien, in a north-easterly direction  towards Passchendaelo. Here the two  brigades were relieved bylwo,British  as frituful, and alas! as costly as sold-'  iers ��������� have ever, been called* upon to  make.  Monday morning broke bright anil  clear and found the Canadians behinj  the firing line. But this day, too, was  to bring its anxieties. The attack was;  still pressed, and it became necessary  to ask-Brigadier-General Curry whether he could once more call on -his  shrunken  brigade.  "The men are tired," this -indomitable soldier replied, "but they are  ready and glad,.to go again to the  trenches- " And so once mora, a hero  leading heroes, the-general marched  -back the men of the.2nd Brigade, r-j-  "duced to a quarter of its original  strength, to the very apex of the line  as it existed at that moment.  This position he held all day Monday; on Tuesday he was still-occupying reserve trenches, and on Wednesday was relieved and retired lo billets  in the rear.  Such, in the most general outline, Is"  the story of a great "and glorious feat  of arms. A story told so soon after  thc event, while rendering bare justice  to units whose doings fell under the  eyes of particular observers, must do  Jess than justice to others who played'  Their part���������and all did���������as gloriously  as those whose special activities it is  possible even at this stage loiiescribe.  But the friends of'tnen who fought in  other bittalions may be content in  the knowledge tint they,"too, shall  learn, when the time allows the complete co-relation of diaries, the exact  part which each unit played in these  unforgettable days: It is rather accident than special" distinction which  has made it possible to select individual battalions for'mention.  lt would not be right to close even;  this account withent n word of tribute  to the auxiliary services. The signal-,  -lers were always cool and resourceful. "  The telegraph and telephone wires  were being constantly cut, and many  belonging to this' service rendered up  their lives ir. the discharge of their  duty, carrying out repairs with the  most complete calmness in exposed  positions. The "despatch carriers, as  usual, behaved with the greatest bravery. , Theirs is a lonely life; and' very  often a-lonely death. One cycle' messenger lay on the ground badly wounded. He stopped a passing officer and  delivered his message, with seme verbal ins'tructiens. These were coherently given,: but he swooned almost  before the words were out of. his  mouth.'---- ,--:  The artillery never/lagged in-.he  sleepless struggle in which so much  ���������depended upon its exertions. Not a  Canadian gun was lost in the long  battle of retreat. And the nature of  the position renders such a record  Very remarkable. One battery of four  guns found itself in s::ci. a situatio-  that it was compelled to turn two of  its guns directly about and"fire on the  enem-y in positions almost diametrically' opposite- ....���������..-....,  It is riot possible in this account'to  attempt a description of the services  rendered by the Canadian engineers  or the medical corj s. Their niembers  rivalled in coolnSss, endurance and  valour the Canadian infantry, whose  .comrades they were, and it is hoped  in separata communications to do justice to both t-ese brilliant services.  No attempt has been made in this  description to explain the recent operations except in so fa:* as they spring  from���������or are connected with���������the f'Qr-  tunes of the Canadian Division, lt is  certain that the exertions of the  troops who reinforced, am", later relieved, the Canadians werj not less  glorious, but the long drawn-out strug-  b'-e is a lesson to the whole empire.  "Arise, O Israel." The empire is engaged in a struggle without quarter,  and without compromise, against an  enemy still superbly organized, still  immensely powerful; still confident  that its strength is the mate of its  necessities. To arms, thsn. and sti.l  to arms! In Great Britain, in Canada,  in Australia, there is need, and there  is need now, of a community organized alike in military and industrial cooperation.  That our countrymen in Canada,  while" their, hearts are still bleeding,  will answer every call which is maJe  upon them we well know.  The graveyard of Canada in Flanders is large. It is very large. Thosr;  who lie there have left their mortal  remains on alien soil. To Canada  they have bequeatl ed their memories  aud their glory.  "On  Fame's eternal  camping grounc  Their silent tents are spread,  And Glory guards with solmen round  The  bivouac  of  the  dead."  W. M. AITKEN.  ISffiSBB������ ������������������������&. + ���������  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B.'C.  !���������&���������  Cut out cathartics and purgatives,   'ihey ar������  'brutal-hai'sh-unncccssary. Try  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  !?urely vojfetable. Act  jently on the liver,  eliminate bile.and  ���������>ootlie thcdeli-  ratemembranc  sf the bowel.  Care Con-���������  ttipation,  SUioat- .  Jick Headache and Indigtstion, as millioni tmovr.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price,  Genuine must bear Signature  St&z*  MOTHERS!'  Don't fail   to  procure  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOUTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Giiins,  Allays tho, lsain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  y the  Best  Remedy  for-Infantile Diar  rhoea.  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTL*-  Should Now Pay Up  Farmers Are Asked to Pay Their Seed  Bills   (  In an official statement given out  recently, the hope is expressed that  the farmers of the west who" have received government aid tins season will  repay as large a share of Lhe'advances  as possible out of the proceeds of this  season's crops. It is pointed oiit that j  with thc present condition of the i  money markets of the world, and the  almost impossibility of raising funds  for other purposes than the prosecution of the war, tlie advancing of $12,-  000,000 constitutes a rather heavy  drain on the Dominion treasury, and  the government is impressed with the  advisability of endeavoring to the utmost to secure the repayment of such  advances out of the proceeds of this  year's crop.  While it w.-.s in the interests of the  country at large that flic advances  should bo made, those directly benefited by the same will, it is urged, no  doubt realize that they secured the  assistance at a much lower rate of  interest than would have been possible even had their credit enabl'd  them to deal with the banks or other  financial concerns, and. they will  therefore, it is hoped, fully realize  their .obligation Lo repay the advances in full out of their first sales  of this year's crop/  With the object of facilitating such  action; the government is arranging  with the different giuin^purchasing  concerns in the west for their cooperation in the collection this fail  of the amounts outstanding.  The Russian Soldiers  Sheep Become Scarce      j SUMMER SKIfl TOOTLES.  As you would any other-  household commodity���������with  an eye.to full value.  When you buy EDDY'S  Matches you receive a generously filled box of jSure, Safe  Lights.  Ask For  WHY YOUNG GIRLS  Silent Parlor Matches  WATERPROOF COLLARS  AND  CUFFS  Something beunr than linen and bljr  ���������aiindry bills. Wash It with soap and  *vater. All stores or -direct. 'State style  mil *ue'. For 2&o we win mail you. \  rHE ARLINGTON1 COWPAHY OF CANADA,  Limited  68 Fraser Avonue, Toronto, Ontario  FREE--T0: ALL-SUFFERERS'  l/jouleerourof soitrs''run down* 'got the blues'  JU5FKR from KiONKV, BLADDER. HKRVOUS DISEASES,  CHRONIC WIAKNESS.ULCERS.SKl.N KKUPTIONS, PILES,  writn for FREE CI.OTII BOUND MEDICAL BOOK ON  tbisi dliexaes ami WONDERFUL Ci/HES effected by  TMENEW FRENCH REMEDY. N������1 N������2 iM.3  Iand deride lor  yourself if it is  ftonmtij for YOUR OWN aliment. Absolutely FREK  No'follow up circulars. No obligations. Dr.LeClehc  Mr.D.CO.llAVi:KST0CKRl).HAli."Sl'E*I] LOKDON.E.NG  VI WAKT TO TROVS THERAPION WILL CBKE YOU.  Cannon Mounted on Trees  "Cannon on Trees," is the title of a  photograph iu the Paris Excelsior  ihowing two-"75's ' mounted, carriages  .ind all on tree trunks as an anti-aircraft battery. The carriage base is attached to a band, of concrete around  .he trunk to resist the recoil. The guns  are thus enabled to pivot so as to  point in any direction instead of  3weeping less than half a circle, as  they do when they are on the  ground.     ��������� ������������������������     ��������� '  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Young Barnes had married contrary  :o his father's-wishes. Meeting his  parents soon afterward, the father  iaid angrily:  "Well, young man. I have made my  will and cut you off with a dollar."  "I am very sorry, father," said the  /outh, contritely; and then added:  'But you don't happen to have the  lollar with you?"���������Ladies' Home  journal.  TheN Blood Supply is -Deficient and Unless  the Trouble is Remedied Consumption May Follow  When   girls   grow   weak,   pale   and  miserable, then .is the time'f'or parents  to take prompt stops.    Delay means  clanger���������perhaps    consumption.    The  girl in her teens cannot develop-into  a happy,  robust  woman  without  an  abundant supply of rich, red blood in  her veins.   It is the lack of this good  blood that is the great trouble ���������������������������with  nine  girls  out" of  every  ten?    TITey  grow weak and depressed; IbSe their  appetite,    are    breathless    after  the  slightest    exertion    and  suffer from  headaches     and     backaches.     When  girls are in this condition, there is no  medicine can   compare with Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.   In the.use of these  Pills there is splendid vigorous health,  with    glowing cheeks and  sparkling  eyes, for every -unhappy    fragile girl  who  is struggling on to womanhood  in a wretched-state of health.   This" is  why thousands of.girls and  women,  now robust    and attractive, are constantly recommending   Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills to "their suffering sex- Miss  Edith Brousseau, Savona, B.C., says':  "At the age of fourteen I became very  anaemic.    I was as pale as a ghost,  suffered from heac-achesj severe palpitation of the heart at the slightest exertion.   I had little or no appetite and  seemed to be drifting into a decline.  I was attending high school in Vancouver at the time, and tlie doctor advised me to stop. I did so and.took his  treat&ent for some time, but it did  not help me in the least.    Upon the  advice of a friend I, begau taking Dr.  Williams'   Pink  Pills  and  in   a  very  short time they gave me back complete  health  and  enabled  me   to  resume my studies-   I have enjoyed the  best of health since, and owe it all to  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills."  These Pills are .sold by all medicine  dealers or may be had by mail, post  paid, at 50 cents a .box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  Common Russian. Peasant is of Different Type From the Cossack  We are most apt to think of the  Russian' soldier wholly in terms of  the Cossack, whereas the common  Russian peasant who has shouldered  his gun to march against the "Ger-  mauskis" is of a quite different, type,  if accounts are true. In the A'meri-  can Magazine, ' for example,, Capt.  Granville Forleseuc gives us the following picture of him:  "The Russian common soldier is  one of the most patient of creatures.-  He has all the qualities of a willing  horse. He follows his officers blindly. -Judged by American standards,  he lacks initiative, but in the war of  Lhe trenches initiative plays little  part. You can put a company of  Russian soldiers into a trench and  they will stay there until they are  all killed, captured, or frozen. When  it so happens that all their officers  are disabled they have one simple  rule���������to charge. They.have received  orders' that under no circumstances  must they go back, s-e they merely  go forward.  " "I don't believe that they know  much of what the "war is all about,  but they have a distinct dislike for  the Germans. It is said that they  never did understand why they were  fighting the- Japanese, who were a  people practically unknown to" them.  But the 'Germanskis,' theyJiave been  told, want to take a big slice of Holy  Mother Russia. No sacrifice is "too  great to prevent this. Judging from  the great masses of troops I^have  seen, and these include regiments  from the emperor's guard division  .and Siberian Fusiliers, I believe Russia to have the: finest raw, material  'for her armies of any nation of the  world-" -      -  Deficiency in thc Supply is Noticed in  the United States  ��������� Cost of dressed lamb and mutton  has reached levels that prompt retailers to advocate tlie boycott as a  remedy. During the first five months  of tho current year receipts of sheep  and lambs at the six principal markets of the United States���������Chicago,  Kansas City, Omala, St. Louis, St.  Joseph, and . Sioux City���������were but  3,6*10,527 head, a decrease of ],ICS,-  764, compared with the same period  of the ��������� previous year. ISvery primary  receiving point exhibited a deficiency.  May receipts at these markets aggregated 52-1,877, inclusive of goats, a  decrease of 24S,054, compared with  May, 1914. Prom every supply  source comes the same' report. Thc  native sheep industry has all but  disappeared and the mutton- eaters  of the country are dependent on diminishing western flocks for supply.  The situation 'in Montana indicates  the extent to which depiction of flocks  has been carried- Five years ago  Montana was literally deluging the  stock yards with sheep.' Threats of  free trade, an Hinremiinerative wool  market and an invasion of the range  by settlers forced the flock owner to  liquidate. By many the Montana movement was regarded as evidence of increased-production, but it proved to.be  "a last run of shad." A speculator who  recently scoured the region around  Glendive, Mont, in jm effort to contract stock for delivery, reported that  he found less than 5,000: sheep, in an  area that carried more than l'OO.OOO  three years-ago, and all over the stat  similar reduction may be seen.-  Breeders' Gazette.  Sunburn,   blistering,   nnd  irritation  are   the   commonest   form   of   summer skin troubles, and Zarn-Buk enda  these" very quickly.    It works in two  ways.    As  soon  as applied,  its  antiseptic powers get to work and kill all  the pois'onjn a wound, a sting or a  sore.    This generally ends the smarting and thc pain.    Then Zam-Buk begins  the  healing  process,   and' fresh  healthy tissue is built up.     For sore,  blistered feet, sore hands, heat rashes,  baby's heat-spots, sore places duo to  perspiration, etc., you can't equal Zam-  Buk.     It   also   cures    cuts,   ulcers,  abscesses, piles, and all inflamed and  diseased conditions of skin  and  subjacent   tissue.     Druggists   and   stores  everywhere   sell   Zam-Buk,   50c.   box.  Use   Zam-Buk    Soap   also,    25c.   per  tablet.    All  stores,  or  Zam-Buk  Co,  Toronto.  Do not allow 'worms to sap the vitality of your children. If not attended to, worms may work irreparable  harm to the constitution of the infant.  The little sufferers cannot voice their  ailment, but there are many signs by  which mothers .are made, aware that  a dose of Miller's Worm Powders is  necessary. These powders act quickly and will expel worms from the system without any'inconvenience to' the  child. i  The Pollen Clock  "Aren't the ten cent stores wonderful places?" - ������  "Very. I'll bet some day our husbands will be able to buy their own  !iats there." ' ._  Scientific Expedition's  '?o the man in the street Polar exploration came to an end with the  work of Peary nnd Ariiund'sen. For the  geographer and scientists, there are  vast empty spaces to deal .with. It is  a fllliiig-up process, with.now and then  a necessary erasure. An instance of  the latter is the elimination by Donald MacMillan of Crocker Land, which  the latest maps, on the authority of  Peary, have indicated, though Vaguely, between 100 and 110 west longitude  and about the eighty-third degree of  north latitude." To~Peary looking from  the northermost point of Grant Land,  there appeared a vision of lofty mountains which indicated a continental  land, mass. MacMillan has now been  125 mile3 out from the coast and  found no Crockc^ Land, but ice only,  pressure ridges and leads. For the  present, therefore, we must assume  that from about S3 degrees to the Pole  the Polar Sea extends unbroken.���������New  York Post.  Marvellous.   Gunnery    of the   British  Navy  is  Due to  Wonderful  Invention  Of all the remarkable things on  board a warship probably nothing is  more amazingthan the .way the big  guns find their target and keep on  hitting, if once they have got the  range.  The marvellous guunery of the British dreadnoughts is due to a series of  inventions by A. H. Pollen, the famous  naval expert.  By means of the Pollen range finder  the Pollen plotting device, and the  Pollen clock, the range and speed of  the,enemy ship can be found, and  once found can be kept.  When two ships are moving at high  speeds in different directions thc  range Is naturally changing very rapidly every minute, so it is all the more  wonderful that Jack Tar should keep  on hitting the target without fail. It's  the Pollen clock, and other Pollen inventions which do it for ���������him. ...This  clock tells the officer in charge of the  gun every change in the range, at  what angle he should aim his -gun, ar.d  when he should fire.  How this wonderful invention works  is a jealously-guarded secret and-ono  which the German naval authoritif-  would give a large sum to know. As  it is they only know the results of it  when they get hit.!,.  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  trj local tppllcatlons, an ihey. cannot reach ths db.  eawxJ portion o( the ear. . 'Iters Is only ono nay ts  Kire ciesOeu, isd that In by constitutional remedies.  Deainesj Is caused by ui iDSaraei condition ot th*  Biueous liabis of the Eustachian Tubs. Wbcs Uilc  tuba 1������ lnflamo! you hare a rumbllni sound or hn-  peritot Hearing, and when K Is entirely-exceed. Deaf-  can Id the resblt, and units* tha Inflammation can ba  SaJcen out and th!* tube restored to Its normal condition, heArlug wlU b������ deitroyert lorevcr; nine cases  oat of ten are caused bjr Catarrh, which la nothlne  bnt an Inflamed condition of the mueoia surface*.  We will sir* One Hundred Italian for anr caiu ot  Deafness (caused by oatarrh) tfcit cannot be cured  try Hall's Catarrh Cure,   8end for circulars, tree.  F. J. CHENEl" & CO.,' Tola** ���������&  Sold by Druxgtet*. 7Se.  Ss������������ Hall'* Family Fills lor ettuUpatton.  The Coalition Ministry  History   Furnishes   Several   Instances  of Formation of Coalition Governments  There have been four   big. coalition  governments besides this !one, though  only  one of    these    has  been,' on  a  parallel with the present British war  ministry.   That one was the "ministry  of all the talents;N as it was called,  formed, in 1806,    and-only lasting a  yean  At'that time thc outlook was black,  for though Nelson had just won  Trafalgar, Napoleon was sweeping  over Europe. This great coalition fell  because George III. refused to aM*Qw  Catholics to receive ���������commissions in  the army.  In 1757 was formed a successful war  coalition, at the time when Clive was  conquering India, and fighting was going on in Canada, while the Seven  years' War was being waged in  Europe. This coalition lasted for four  years. "  A coalition government followed the  war of the American colonies, now  the United States, lasting not quite  two years. Another such government  was formed just before the Crimean  war and fell when the scandalous  conduct of the campaign was brought  to light.'i '  there,  and  And so it  If one be troubled with corns ann  warts, he will find in Holloway's Corn  Cure an application that will entirely  relieve suffering-  Three deaths.  Nine  severely  injured.  All 'women.  Cause���������Kindling fircs'with coal oil.  It is an old and oft-repeated story,  yet the statistical fire table for the  month of March contains the above report. Safety first is needed at home  as well as in the factory.  Minard's  Liniment Cures Garget in  Cows.  Hotels vary as much in degrees of  comfort as the haughty hotel clerks do  in degrees of flippancy and efforts to  please the. guests. It was midnight in  a hostelry in an Arizona town, when  a guest called up and iu an angry  voice said: "There are a couple of mice  fighting up here."  "What room have you?" inquired  the sleepy clerk. He was told and  then he inquired. "What are you paying for it?"  "Two dollars," was the reply. "Well,  what do you expect for two dollars���������a  bullfight?"  "My word, Jacob," said Steinberg,  "that is a beautiful diamond you have  in your pin.   How much did it cost?"  "I paid $1,000," replied Jacob.  "One thousand dollars! Good gracious!" exclaimed Steinberg. "Vy I did  not know you ver vorth so much  money."  "Veil, you see," exclaimed Jacob,  "ven der old man died he left $1,000  for a stone to be.erected to his memory, and dis is der stone."  A Purely Vegetable Pill.���������-The chief  ingredients of Parmelee's Vegetable  Rills are mandrake and dandelion, sedative and purgative, but perfectly  harmless iu their action. They cleanse  and purify and have a most healthful  effect upon the secretions of the digestive organs. The d3'speptic and all  who suffer from liver and kidney ailments will find in these pills the most  effective medicine in concentrated  form that has yet been offered to the  suffering-  Once, years ago, in a Butte City con-  yention, the gentlemen from the Green  Isle had things so entirely their own  way that they did not propose to give  any other 'nationality a representation  on the ticket. Finally, when all the  available' material was used up, a  delegate arose, it is related, and nominated Patrick O'Hara for Justice of  the Peace.  "Who is Patrick O'Hara, and where  does he live?" inquired a delegate-  "He's, a friend of mine, and ho lives  in Ireland," was the reply; "but he'U  be over on the next steamer."  "Look, here, Busteed, you've put me  off long enough". I shall expect you to  pay me that ten on' Monday."  "By Jove, old chap, I wish I had  your optimism."  W. N. U. 1062  "Well," said the cheerful wife,  who thought sho had a soprano voice,  "if the worst comes to the worst, I  could keep the wolf from thc door by  singing."  "I don't douht that would do it," replied the husband, who had suffeerd  much, "but suppose the wolf should  i happen to be deafV"  Farmers   of Today  Are   Different  Farmers are different than they  were twenty years ago. They are  wearing garters now, E. T. Meredith,  of Des Moines, Iowa, publisher of a  farm journal, told delegates attending the convention of the Associated  Advertis-ing Clubs of the World held  at Chicago.  "Some of you advertisers act as if  you thought the farmers did not wear  coats or shoes,'' Mr. Meredith said-  "Why, do you know that fifty percent,  of all farmers wear garters? It's the'  truth. It has been proved by investigation. You men haven't realized  what tho farmers'can buy; that lie  pays from $15 to $-15 for a suit of  clothes and that he purchases .motor  cars ranging in price from $500 to  $2,000.  "The advertising agencies should  study the rural towns, should know  the farmer of today. You are not prepared. You think the farmers nowadays are the same as they were  twenty years ago."  For Years, Restored To Health  by Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  Minard's  tlieria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  Bob Davis stood under thc dripping  portica of a London hotel, peering out  into the rain. He had then been in  London for two weeks and he had al-  ,mots forgotten how sunshine looked.  A wet cab driver stood against the  wall trying to keep out of- the downpour.  "Good gracious!" said Davis. "Does  it always rain hero?"  "Oh, no, sir," said the cabman;  "hirst Wednesday it hailed."���������Saturday Evening post.  Canadian women are continually writing us such letters as the two following,  which are heartfelt expressions of gratitude for restored health:  Glanford Station, Ont ���������"I have taken Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Com-  ������^P^^g^g=CT pound and never  Illt^fiiidPllPf^ found any medicina  '"'"^ Ipto compare with it.  x|| I had ulcers and fall-  J|j ing  of  womb   and  ||| doctora did   m������  no  "^M|goofl.     I  suffered  ���������Mm dreadfully for years  "���������'"'     until I began taking  your medicine.   I also recommend it for  nervousness and indigestion. " ��������� Mrs.  Henry Clark, Glanford Station. Ont  Chesterville, Ont. ��������� " I heard your  medicines highly praised, and a year ago  I began taking them for falling of womb  and ovarian trouble.  " My left side pained me all tho tim������  and just- before my periods which wer������  irregular and painful it would be worse.  To sit down caused me pain and suffering and I would be so nervous sometimes that I could not bear to see any  one or hear any one speak. Little specki  would float before my eyes and I wan  always constipated.  "J cannot say too much for Lydia EL  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and  Liver Pills, for there are no medicines  like them. I havo taken them and" I  recommend them to all women. You may  publish this testimonial." ��������� Mra. Stb-���������  phen J. Martin, Chesterville, Ontaeicb  Canada.  ./  Strange Coincidence  Surgeon Found His Soldier Son in Hfu  Hospital  Here is a strange coincidence arising out of the war.  n. younger soldier was severely  wounded in the lighting sorae.whera  in France. He lost consciousness,  aud when he regained it he was ly- ���������  ing comfortably in a bed in a ward  of a large hospital. His first words  were:  "Where am I?"  The nurse told him that he was  in London, that during the period of  his .unconsciousness he. had been  transported across the Channel, and  that his wounds had been tended. Ho  asked the name of the 'hospital, tha  number of the Avard, the day of:tha  week, and the hour. The nurse told  him. "I say, nurse, you might tell  my dad I am here." The nurse looked at him, thinking the poor lad was  in .a delirium. "All right, nurse, my  dad's in the next ward now. You  know he is the surgeon  this is his visiting day."  was.  The father was "in the next ward  performing his work, thinking all the  time that his son was in France. He  did not even know that the boy was  wounded, far less that he was being  tended a few yards away. THE   SUN,    JRAND" FORKS,   b. C.  ni  I EXCELLENCE  Largest Exhibit Ever Seen  Pacific Northwest Promised ir.torstate-Fair.  Wedding  Presents'' CATTLE SHOW  Let as help you pick thai  Present you are going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that  have  not \  been  advanced since the  war.  i  A. D, MORRISON grand^rks!'biacn.  ������t|? (granib 3 prkia.. Ihttt  G. a." Evans; Editor and Publisher  alJIISOKIJ'TION KATK8  One Year  ��������� .....  -���������   One Your (In udvauce)   ...  die Year, in United States  .*l-50  . 1.00  . 1.50  Address all communications to  Thk Gka.vd Fouks Sun,  I'HOSB   1174 GHAKDKOKK8.  H.C  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 3.   1915  "Sir Jiodmond Robliu in  the police court" has an incongruous sound. The indiscriminate bestowal of knighthood on mere politicians will  undoubtedly result in more  titles coming in contact with  the  slime of the nether world.  i  !  i    Hundreds of the best pure bred cattle will be shown at the Spokane Interstate Fair and Live Stock Show.at  Spokane, Sept. 13 to IS, these dates  affording an opportunity for breeders  who have entered the World's championships at the exposition at San  Francisco to stop and show en route.  All available room at the fair  grounds will be required to- meet the  demands for show space, but no exhibitor will be excluded for want of room  as the management is planning extensions to meet the demands.  Thereis hung up.as,cash premiums  in the live stock 'department l?5948,  and besides there are numerous special premiums offered by-breeders' associations. ..Entries close August 31.  B. E. Faville, who has so successfully supervised this department, is  again superint'endant, and he is enthusiastic over the prospects of the.  showing of cattle, excelling ,any previously made.  The date of the provincial  elections is more of a mystery  than the million-dollar mystery. The latest guess at the  -coast is that they will be held  early in November.  The Sun today prints a  timely article giving directions  how to can tomatoes at home.  As the. method described is  endorsed by tlie department  of agriculture, it shojald be  thoroughly reliable.  Tell the average man that  any woman is in love with  him and he'll riot be -surprised.  "The War and the Liquor  Traffic"was the subject treated  in two stirring addresses in  the Presbyterian church on  Thursday evening. The tpeak-  ers were llev. J. S. Henderson, of Vancouver, and Archdeacon Lloyd, of Saskatoon,  president of the Dominion  Prohibition alliance.  Granby Shipmants  The following are lhe monthly  ehipping figure? from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January  42,211  February   63.09L  March      69,948  Agril  85,382  May  100,693  June  103,004  July .....101,058  Total 565,387  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made   to Order."  Also llepairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Dono.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  E.  E. FAVILLE  . Superintendent of Cattle Department  of the   Spokane    Interstate    Fair   arid  Live  Stock' Show.  Speaking of the prospects, Supt.  Faville said:  "The cattle department of the Interstate Fair this year, promises a larger  number of entries than in previous  years. It will be recalled that last  year the Spokane Interstate Fair had  the largest exhibit of cattle in its history. The leading dairy breeds: and  beef breeds were represented by prominent breeders of the four Northwest  states. This year the outlook is' for  a still larger exhibit. Entries are already coming in, which shows that  plans are being made by not only the  exhibitors in the four states, but from  as far east as Wisconsin and from  western Canada. The raising of the  embargo on the foot and mouth disease means that the Interstate Fair  will be greatly benefited.  "Exhibitors showing at the fair this  year will meet with greater opportunities of displaying and selling the pure  bred live stock from their herd than  in previous years, because the demand  for pure bred stock this fall is sure tp  come. A meeting of the Pure Bred  Live Stock Breeders' Association of  Washington will be held during fair  week. A catalog of exhibitors and animals exhibited will be issued, as was  done last year, and publicity will be  given to the department on a larger  scale than in previous years. Tt is  planned .during the fair week that on  each day a live stock parade will be  made in front of the grandstand."  Old exhibitors have advised Supt.  Faville that they are planning to bring  larger displays than they did last year,  and are now lining up their stock and  getting them in condition. Many will  take their stock from Spokane to the  Panama-Pacific exposition at San  Francisco, to exhibit in the world's  championships, some stopping enrcute  at exhibitions to follow the Interstate  Fair, while some from Canada enroute  to San Francisco will stop over in Spokane for fair week, adding to the interest in the competition.  Every livestock raiser, will be sent  a premium list upon request to the  secretary, Geo. P. Larsen, at Spokane.  September Sports  Tlie Sim k** tlie. largest and best  newspaper primed in lhe Boundary  country, and the price, is only <uhj-  half that nf itsloc.nl contemporaries,  [t is a valuable advertising medium,  hecauee its large subscription list  has bpen obtained, arid is maintained,, merely on its merits as a  newspaper It uses nn indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub  sccribers.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  a  n  ow  ���������_'.��������������������������� Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  Telkfhonks;. ���������    . ���������.  ���������  .  office, kb6 R���������fi first Strest  Hansen's Rksidesce. R38 l."���������,, u" ������J1  Yale  Barber Shop  Kazor Hon.lner a Specialty.  E. C   HEN NIGER  WILE SELL YOU  Our Best Flour. 100 lbs :$3.75 '  -"    "   <���������'       "     f)0 1bs    2.00  Alberta Klour. .100 lbs    3.50 .,  50 lbs     1.85  Tlie name denotes the goods..  Bridge Street Grand Forks. B.C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for'live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  P. A.  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  STRAYED  Strayed onto my premises,  one black year-old bull,brand-  ed X on left side, and left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within thirty days  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  Aug. 28, 1015.  James A. Harris.  The Sun costs .only 81 a year,  prints all the news.  It  White Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   full show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1 Mb and 2nd pen. .  At winter show I   made  four. an tries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eg������(s from the above are 82.00  for lo, and special prices given  on more than 15.  W-^ite Orpingtons  I won at the   winter show, mak- .  ing   five  entries, 2nd   cock; 1st,  2nd   and   3rd hen,   1st  pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up   at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  EgCB 81.00 for 12.  E.E.W.MILLS  GRAND EQRKS.  B.C  nerS'.an  When doing that work in Fiunkltn^and  Gloucester  ; Camps this season, ^jet Your Supplies at the;.  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise,' Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry _ Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request. .  THOMAS FUNRLEY, Prop.  AT YOUR  SEBVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at AH Hours at  tlie  Model Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou .itry  The weekly markpt udll   be^ held  on  Second street,   between   Bridge  8treet and Winnipeg avenue, tomor-  nw forenoon.  THE *-  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with Bullish  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  In eacli clnssof goods. Besides being; a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, nnd the Coloniiil  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of loading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5. orkrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurcb Lane, London, E,C. I!  It  V'  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  PRIZE LI  FULL Hi: SEPT. 28-29  The following rules are to observed by exhibitors, and  will,be strictly, enforced: .       ���������  For the purpose of the exhibition, an amateur shall  be defined as.one whose chief source of income is not by  the raising, propagation and sale of seeds, plants or flowers.  Exhibitors'may compete with more than orie entry in  any one class;"but only one prize will be awarded to each  exhibitor in each class, and two persons may not exhibit  from the same garden.       .    r  All collections shall consist of not less than six specimens unless otherwise specified, and the Judges shall  award the prizes on the quality of the exhibit, irrespective  of the quantity. .  All roses must be exhibited, as cut from the plants.  Undue dressing of "rose blooms will disqualify. 'All roses  should be.correctly named unless otherwise specified. All  exhibits "must *be grown and raised-by the exhibitor; -  Class���������Section G.  1st  258  259  260'  261  262  263.  264  265  266  267  .268  269  270  271  272  273  274"  -275  276  277  278  2nd  .81 00  .1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  to ladies only. :, The cut flbwers'and the '   ,-.\  greenery need not be grown by the exhibitor.   Exhibitors  to   provide   their  own stands,   vases, etc   5 00    3 00  Pot Plants  For amateurs only.  Class���������Section 6.  1st  2nd  S   50  Best collection of Asters..;  $1 50 ,  Best collection of Asters, in space 3 feet.-,  by.. 2 feet 6 inches...... -j."...: ;'.   1.^0  Best,collection' Cactus Dahlias/   1 50-  " Best]collectionDahlias,any other variety 1 50  Best display of' Catus Dahlias, in space  3 feet .by 2 feet 6 inches    1 50  Best display of Dahlias, any other "variety,.in space 3 feet by-2 feet 6 inches   1 50    1 00  Best collection of Carnations    150    100  Best collection of Gladiolus, 6 spikes or  more.; ' : .-.;....   105     1 00  Best collection of  Geraniums, 3 trusses  or more..... ,, .'.'. ......   1 50    1 00  Best collection of  Petunias    1 50    1 00  Best collection of Pansies..    1 50     1 00  Best collection of Roses     1 50    1 00  Best collection of Sweet Peas, .10 vane  ties, 10 of each   1 50    1 00  Best collection of Stocks    150   -100  Best   specimen   Truss   of   Hydrangea  Paniculata !   100        50  Best display hardy Perennial flowers,  space 3 feet by 2 feet 6 inches ...   2 50     1 50  Best   basket   cut    flowers,     arranged  for decorative effect    1 00        75  Best lady's Corsage Bouquet for decorative effect    100        75  Best three gent's buttonhole Bouquets..  1 00        75  Best collection   Cut Flowers, for  child  under 15 years -.   100        50  Best  arranged floral   decoration  for  a  dinner table, space 4 feet by 3 feet, open  Business Men Who  Advertise Are at  Least Enterprising  They spend money1 to  let you know the^ want  your trade. And when .  business men say they1  want your trade they~  will try to satisfy those  who trade with them  279,   Best Begonia,-tuberous rooted SI 0U  280 Best Begonia.other than tuberous rooted 1--00  281 Best Fuschia   100  282 Best Geranium   1 00  283 Best three Ferns, distinct varieties    I 00  284 Best collection of house plants..'.    150  285 Best three house plants grown by child  under 15 years     100  Open:  286 Best collection greenhouse plants, space  6 feet by 6 feet .' ..5 00  2S7    Best collection Ferns, not exceeding 1 2..  2 00  288 Best''collection Cut. Flowers, space   3'  . 'feet by 3 feet  2 00  289 Best collection Cut Roses, not  exceeding 24 blooms ."   2 00  - Professional florist will- be given space for display on  application to the Secretary not less than one week" before  the opening of the exhibition. ���������    ���������  50  '50  50  50  1.00  50  3 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  SECTION H  PAINTING, PHOTOGRAPHY, PYROGRAPHY-  For amateurs only.  Exhibitors are heid'to declare that all exhibits  their own labor, and have not previously taken a pr  Grand Forks.  The  committee are requested to reject any in?  or unworthy picture. ���������  Class���������Section H. - ' 1st  290    Painting on Silk or Satin $1 50  291.   Painting on.China or Porcelain   150  292    Oil  Painting '."    1-50  Water Color Painting    150  Pen and Ink Drawing....,    1 00  293  294  295  296  297-  298  299  300  301  Pencil Drawing  1 00'  Relief Map of  British   Columbia, made  by pupil attending public or high school 2 00  Collection of Amateur  Photography  3 00  Pyrography Work on Leather  1 00  Pyrography Work tfn Wood  1 00  Brass Work, one piece or more  1 00  Wood Carving, one piece or more   1 00  are of  lze  in  'proper  2nd  $1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  -75  75  1 00  2 00  75  75  75  75  SECTION I  LACE WORK, EMBROIDERY WORK, ETC.  No prize will be awarded except for   superior  work.  All exhibits to have taken no first prize in Grand Forks.  All work-must be the work of the exhibitor.  Class���������Section I. 1st        2nd  302 Best collection of Fancy Work, not less  than 10pieces,eachpieceof different work$5 00  $3 00  303 Best collection of  Embroidered   pieces,  not Isss than 5 pieces  3 00     2 00  3'J4     Best collection of Lace Work,  not  less  than 10 pieces, each different   3 00  Eyelet Embroidery    100  French Embroidery, 3 pieces ."    1 00  Wallachian Embroidery, 2 pieces   1 00  Hardanger Embroidery, 3 pieces    fl 00  Mount   Mellick Embroidery gl 00  Punch Work Embroidery   1 00  Embroidered'Shirtg Waist    1 00  Coronation Braiding    100  Drawn Work   1  305  306  307  308  309  310  311  312  313  314  315  316  317  318  319  320  321  322  323  324  325  326  327  328  329  330  331  332  333  334.  335  336  337  338  339  340  341  342  343  344  345  346  347  348  349  350  351  352  353  354  355  350  357  358  359  360  361  3G2 '  00  Battenburg   1 00  Tatting    1  Irish Crochet.  Fillet Crochet.  Nettinsr...".   Hand m'ade Apron..  Embroidered Jabot.  00  00  00  00  00  00  Hand made Handkerchief   Embroidered Collar and Cuffs      Darning (Socks or Stockings)   Embroidery, Tray Cloth    Embroidery, Tea Cosy   Embroidery, Doilies, not less than 6....  Embroidered Sofa Cushion   Pincushion.   Handkerchief Case....   Best six Buttonholes on white linen... .  Embroidered Monogram  or Initials   on  Linen    Hooked Rugs (done by hand) uncut   Hooked Rugs (done by hand) cut......  Best Old Ladies Work, done  by   ladies  over 60 years    Knitted Slippers   Crocheted  Slippers   Crochet Quilt   Knitted Quilt    Silk Patch Quilt....   Cotton Patch Quilt    Crochet Doilies, 6 pieces   Colored Silk Embroidery, on white linen  " '' "        on colored linen  Table Runner, conventional   Table Runner, white   Embroidered Sheets   Embroidered. Pillow Cases   Embroidered Towels   Cross Stitch Towels   Embroidered Night Gown   Embroidered set of 3 pieces Lingerie....  Knitted Sock, Stockings or Mittens   Knitted Table Mats, not less than 6..!.  Fancy Sofa Cushion   Conventional Sofa Cushion    Crochet Table Mats, not less than 6....  Knitted collection,not less than 5 pieces  Roman Cut Work    Knitted Work in Wool   Crochet Work in Wool   Lace Handkerchief   Best 3 Hem Stitched Handkerchief   .1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1,00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 CO  1 00  1 00  1 00  100  1 00  -1 00  3 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  J 00  00  1  1 00  00  00  00  00  1 00  1 00  1 00  2 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  100  2 00  1 00  1 00  00  1  1 00  1 00  2 00  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  .75  75  75  '75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  .75  75  75  75  :  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  75  00  75  75  75  75  75  00  75  75  75  75  75  More Victories Are  Won by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  0_y4.pply thip to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resmtful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen:  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand orks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your  Position in Business  bySTEADFASTNESS  IN ATTACK  ft  n,  ,/' 11  iffHE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. &  TtfS.  Breaking a' Colt  Is  Perseverance With Gentle Kindess  Essentia! to Success  Tlie man who - undertakes to break  or train a colt must De of a gentle,  kind, persevering nature. It must  be remembered that . the horse, like  all dumb animals, can only be made  to understand language by acconir  panying action with -words, that is,  some' action must be associated with  the comma'nd. For example, on com-,  ing to the animal while'yet in the  stall, we want to teach him to step  aside, so we may be able to get up  to'his head, we say "Step over," and  at the same time lay our hand on his  hip on the side from where it is lo  move, and increase the weight of the  hand to a push, until the colt steps'  over. Continuous treatment in this  way will teach it to understand the  meaning of "stop over" and obey tlie  word alone.  In this sort of  persevere, with  ways  giving  our"  (���������*���������  ~Y  whenever-you are troubled with minor ailments of the  digestive organs, that these may soon develop", into  more serious -sickness. Your future safety, as well"  as^ your - present- comfort ' may depend  quickness  with which  you   seek  a   corrective  "on    tho,  remedy.  Indians Are Better Off  In Canada Than U.  S.  s  Reserves Administered More Economically, Yet More Efficiently  According to ,a report received by  Mr* Duncan Campbell Scott, deputy  minister ol Indian affairs, giving the  lindings of the Indian commissions of  the United States as to their recent investigations in Canada, the Canadian  Indian wards of the government are  far better looked after than the .Indians across thc line are under the  United States Indian department.  Canada's Indian population, says  the report, is 98,774 on reserves, 5,000  off reserves and 50,000 halfbrceds,  making a,total of 143,77-1, or nearly  half the total Indian population of the  United States. Notwithstanding the  greater comparative difficulty and  larger relative cost of administration  on the smaller and more widely scattered reserves in Canada, the cost of  Indian administration in this country  incliftling schools, is less than $20 per  capitaSaJ's compiircd with about $40 in  the United States, and -despite  this, according to Mr. Abbott, there is  undoubtedly closer supervision of individual Indians iu the Dominion.  Tlie Indians of Canada earn ?2 to  every ?L earned by the tribesmen  south of the border. There are only  two stenographers employed in the  entire Indian field service of Canada,  and only 37 clerks, as compared with  GOO stenographers and clerks in tlie  United States service.  "Land grafter," continues the report, "is a phrosc unknown in Indian  affair*} in Canada, so completely safeguarded is Indian ' land. The explanation is simple. Tho Indian reserves in Canada are closed reserves,-  they are not allotted- An Indian does  not acquire title to an individual-tract  of land on the reserve, either in trust  or in fee, until he has become enfranchised, .and enfranchisement is a  long and tedious process. He is located on such land as he is able and  willing to use. but his possessory  righf adheras only so long as he  makes beneficial use of it."  ]n the suppression of the liquor  traffic the report notes that the Canadian system is more efficient and  much more economical than that in  the United States. The Canadian law  is also more comprehensive, including  in its scope every possible sort of intoxicant or opiate or derivative thereof. Its enforcement is sure and  prompt.  Edison Invents 3,000,000  Candle Power Light  i������'  training, wo must  gentle kindness, al-  commands in the  same tone of voice, accompanied with  action to illustrate what you want  him to do, and he will learn' the-  meaning of your words. Be firm, but  never harsh" " Some drivers have a  habit, and a very silly one it is, of  continuously clucking at their team  to induce it to go faster, and sometimes when a faster gait is not desired- The horse becomes accustomed'to  this clucking as readily as they do to  the rumbling of the wagon, and pay  no attention to either.  By common consent of the legion-who have tried them,  Beecham's Pills are the most reliable of all family medicines. This standard family remedy tones the stomach,  stimulates the sluggish liver,  regulates inactive bowels!  Improved digestion, sounder sleep, better looks,  brighter spirits and- greater vitality come after the  system   has   been   cleared   and   the   blood  purified' by  N  Worth a Guinea a Box  Prepared only by Tfiomsis Bccclinm, St. Helen*  Sold everywhere in Cminda and U. S. America.  Lancashire, England.  Iu boxes, 25 cents.  Most     Powerful   Portable   Searchlight  Yet .Made���������Result of  Big   Fire '  Profiting by an experience of firemen in fighting the $.!,000,000 lire  at the Edison works ��������� on December i). 1914, Thomas A. Edison has  perfected another invention, which he  took to his home in Llewellyn Park  recently to test it-  *A. few minutes after Charles Edison  began operating tlie device for the  edification of his father, people living in the valley east of Llewellyn  park telephoned police headquarters  .ami asked: "What is that terrible  light shooting out ol the park?"  A policeman found Mr. Edison and  his family enjoying the wonders produced by a new u,000,000-candlepower  searchlight, capable of throwing a  ray several miles, lhe most powerful  portable searchlight yet invented. It  is very small, and (lie power is supplied by storage batteries.  In the lire at the Edison plant the  yards were thrown in darkness when  the power was shut off. Mr. Edison  conceived the idea of a portable  searchlight, and two days after the  blaze he desigm I a working model,  ft was said at the Edison laboratory  that thc lamp will be very useful in  mine rescue work, at fires, aud on  ships, aeroplanes ahd locomotives. It  can produce light in any volume desired.  "SECURITY  FIRST"  Is  Your   Life   Insured?     Keep    Your     Policy     In     Forc������  And Increase the Amount as Soon as Possible  If-You're Not Insured, Make Application Today  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office. Toronto.  Over Four-'Million Dollars Assets.for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write     For   Memo. Hook and Circular.  v Protect the child from the ravages  of worms by using Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator. It is a standard  remedy, and years of use have enhanced its reputation.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  The British Idea  Lord Bryce declares, as does Mr.  Trevelyan, that far from the war having been caused by Great Britain, fearing the jeopardizing of her commercial  interests, the British idea island always has been, that trade creates  trade, and the more commerce other  nations engage in the more there will  be for Britain- The violation of Belgian neutrality and Germany's inhuman methods of warfare were primarily tlie only reasons for Britain declaring war. Never before, declares  Lord l'.ryce, have the British people  been so united upon any issue as this  one. The nation is suffering as she  has never suffered before, as it was  nevfr divamed she would be called  upon to suffer, but high and low, rich  and poor, are as one today in high resolve, in .stern endeavor���������Victoria Colonist.  The loquacious lady met tho great  lecturer tlu: next morning, and at once  rushed right, into tlie subject, 'So sorry not to have hearu your lecture last  night,-' she murmured. "I know I missed a treat; everybody says it was  splendid."  "f wonder how they found out," said  Mr. Froekcoat: "the lecture, you know  was postponed"  ore  Corns  Go!  Absolutely  Painless  No cutting, no plasters or pads to press  tho sore ���������spot. Put-  nam's Extractor  makes the corn go without pain. Takes  out the sting overnight. Never fails-  leaves no scar. Oct a 25c bottlo ot  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  VV. N.. U. 10G2  Britain's Big Military Camp  Alciershct, England, is one of the  biggest military camps in the world,  yet sixty-odd years ago it was no  more than a collection of huts.  It wasn't till lSo", indeed, that Al-  dersliot began its existence. At the  time Lord Hardiugc was commander-  in-chief of the army, aud through him  three square miles of Cobham Common were bought for the purpose of  training troops. The first lot of troops  consisted of four officers and 100  men.  From those few huts, which began  tlie great camp, has sprung the pres-.  ent permanent barracks, military hospitals, gymnasiums, and training  centres of all kinds of soldiers. From  185" to 1857 over a million pounds  were spent on improving the place and  making it a suitable headquarters of  the British army.  One of the remarkable results of,  the growth of tha'camip at Aldershot j  has been the increase in the size and  population of the town of that name.  In 1852 the population was just over  800. It is now over 130,000, excluding  soldiers!  For Fighting Submarines  John Gardner, of Fleetwood, Scotland, tlie inventor of the Gardner submarine signalling system, has devised  a method which will make it easy to  sight the periscope of a submarine  from tlie bridge of a steamship. Instead of having to rest his anus on  tlie rail of ihe bridge or on thc gunwale while he scans the horizon  through a telescope, the officer on  watch will now bo able to sit comfortably with tlu: glass supported on a  stand in front of him. By Mr. Gardner's invention the telescope wiil always be approximately parallel with  the surface of the sea, irrespective of  the movements of the ship. This is  achieved by mounting a pedestal securely to the deck, on the pedestal is  the telescope or binoculars on a standard. The seat aud table are maintained horizontal to the sea surface by the  operation of a gyroscope- The plat-,  form, with seat and table, is automatically rotated, slowly from left to right  and Vice versa by the utilization cf the  power for the gyroscope, so that all  the officer has to do is to keep a sharp  lookout within the field covered by the  instrument, which will not be affected  by the movement of the ship.  SOI.D BY ATX GOOD SHOE DSAtSItS  WORN BY EVTSJf MEMBER OF THF. FAMILY  ES3Sa2EJSE28S3������552E22ES5  Still   a   Land   of  Promise  An English journalist just returned  from Canada writes in the June number of Khaki,  the  soldiers' and sailors' magazine: "Since my return home  I  have  more   than   once  been  asked  whether Canada is still a land of promise  for young men  who  wish  to  try  their fortune there.    To this question  there can be only one answer. It does  uoc need a voyage across the Atlantic  to make ono realize that Canada is a  country with a wonderful future.   Nor,  so far as I can see, are    any superhuman qualities required for success  by the intending immigrant.   He will  have to work hard,  which is exactly  what he would have to do anywhere  else-    But the man who goes out to  Canada   after    the   war   will .find   it  { possible not only to take advantage of  i new opportunities, but also to create  opportunities for himself in a degree  impossible in the old world.   That is,  I   am  sure,   the  main  difference   between Canada and a country like our  own, and that is why I. do not think  that any young,1 energetic man  who  leaves England after the war to seek  his fortune in Canada will ever have  reason to regret his choice."���������London  Referee. ,  NLog'ic of the Irish Mind  A Woman's Comment on Her Son's  ���������   Death  Typical of the   Race  The following story I know lo be  true and it represents fairly the modernity of much of Irish thought.  A young man, sleeping in an outhouse, took some coals from a coke  fire and put them near his cot. In,the  morning he was dead of suffocation.  It fell to a friend of mine'to explain  the cause to the heartbroken mother.  He pointed to a coal lire in a grate  in his house-  "If we stopped up the chimney," he  said, "this room would be filled with  gas.from the coal and with smoke.  If there were noN doors or windows  open the gas would kill us. The  smoke, however, that comes out with  the gas, would make us so uncomfortable that we should open something at  once to let out the smoke, and the  gas would go with it. Now coke gives,  out gas without smoke and so smothered your son without his realizing  what was happening." . -  The mother's answer was Ireland all  over: "And he, poor boy, how should  lio know the craft and badness of the  world?"���������Norman I-Iapgood, in Harper's Weekly.  What is Silage  it  is a Mean;  cullent  Help For Asthma.���������Neglect gives  asthma a great advantage. * The  trouble, once it has secured a foothold, fastens its grip on the bronchial  passages tenaciously. Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg's Asthma Remedy is daily curing  cases of asthma of long standing.  Years of suffering, however, might  have been prevented had the remedy  been used when the trouble was  iu its first stages. Do not neglect asthma, but use this preparation at once.  College Men Enlisted  According to a list compiled of the  students and ex-students of the  agricultural colleges of Canada who  are members of Canadian overseas  or imperial forces there are 274 who  are either at the front or in training.  Tliis represents a high percentage  of the eligible men and indicates that  ihe college course has not unfitted  them for the sWious task of battling  with the Huns. The Ontario Agricultural College, with ��������� its largo attendance, has natun.lly contributed  the most; there being 146 from that  institution. Even the newer college  of Saskatchewan nnd the schools at  Clares hoi m and Olds, Alberta, have  sent representatives. From thc Ontario Veterinary College, students  and graduates, sixty-two have gone  to the service of the-country.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Gents,���������I cured a valuable hunting dog of mange with MINARD'S  LINIMENT after several veterinaries  had treated him without doing him  any good.  Yours, etc-,  WILFRID GAGNE,  Prop, of Grand Central 'Hotel,/"'  Drummondville, Aug. 3,  '01.  Lost 400,000 Tons of Warships  ,The ten months' period of war has-  witnessed the loss of .about 400,000  tons of warships costing ������35,000,000.  Disregarding auxiliaries and armed  merchantmen/ the allies have lost  131,000 tons of warships through the  torpedo, 50,000,000 by mines, 27,000  by gunfire and 22,000 in divers ways.  The Tetuonic allies lost 13,000 tons by  torpedo, 23,000 tons by mines, 81,000  tons by gunfire and 23,000 tons miscellaneous- The allies have lost nearly 30,000 tons in armed merchantmen  and auxiliary classes, while the enemy's loss is about double.���������Liverpool  Journal of Commerce.  ! of Supplying Green, Sue-  Fodder for tne Live,  Stock  Replying to the question,  '''.What is  silage?" about the beskanswe'r would  be  "canned  corn."    That is just exactly what it' is,  but    it happens  to  be  the  wlTolc  corn  plant���������ear,  stalk  and leaves.    With   those    who,' have  never fed it, it is not a difficult matter .to  find  now  and  then  a  person  who questions "is that sour stuff good  for the stock?"    Of course there are  lots of people who wonder how it i3.  that there are. some who like sauer  kraut,  but that does not keep  Ihoso  who do like it from using it."  The silo  is simply-a means of saving the corn  plant in a green, succulent-state, for  the stock.    Most of us are  perfectly  willing to have  the good    housewife -  can the fruit,  which is ;so  palatable  during the    cold  winter ^months, and  we  would not care  to  have her discouraged in the matter of doing this,  either.   The silo is simply a large can  for the reception  of the .green corn,  and if there is any question in your  mind as lo whether the old cow and  the youngsters about the  farm care  whether or not  you  put yourself to  the  trouble  of putting some  of this  away  for them,'your  anxiety  along  this  line will  be  entirely eliminated  whoa you see how eagerly they receive it���������how well they clean it up���������  and incidentally the splendid returns  for time and labor.���������Corn.  of con-  ago aa  As illustrating the haziness  ception which prevailed years  to what and where tho Philippines  were, Dean Worcester tells in his  book, "The Philippines, Past and Present" of a good old lady who came to  him on his first return from the islands for a bit of information.  "Deanie," she said, "are them Phiiip-  pians you have been avisitin' the people that Paul wrote the Epistle to?"  An Oil Without Alcohol.���������Sonie oils  and many medicines have alcohol as a  permanent ingredient. A judicious  mingling of six essential oils compose the famous Dr. Thomas' Eclectric  Oil, and there is no alcohol in it, so  that its effects are lasting. There is  no medicinal oil compounded that can  equal this oil in its preventive aud  healing power. ��������� ,!..  Young Lady (at Palm  ing at the stars)���������Isn't  Major?  Southern   Gentleman���������  you please, miss.  Beach,  that  look-  Ursa  Colonel,     if  irteen  ars  lies.. an  By Using Dr. Chase's Ointment���������Certifies That the Cure  Was Permanent.  have   tried   so   many  -many   treatments   in  for   piles   and  "Senator, you promised me a job."  "But there are no jobs."  '"1 need a job, Senator."  "Well, I'll ask for a commission to  investigate as to why there are no  jobs, ond you can get a job on that."  ���������Louisville Courier-Journal.  Crops to be Reserved For Civilians  Herbert C. Hoover, chairman of the  American commission for relief in  Belgium, has concluded an agreement  with General von Biasing, military  governor of Belgium, providing that  the wheat and rye crops in the zone  occupied by the Germans shall be  reserved for the civilian population.  tf%B*������!ik Grsn"'ated Eyelids,  'Pro **������  inflamed by expo!  sure to Sun, Dnsland Win-S  yrf& ������-*. quickly relieved by Murine  V0^ KyeRcfflody. No Smarting,  tr      _       . just  Eye Comfort.    At  Your Druggist'* 5oc per Bottle. Murine Eye  Salvsm Tubes25c. FoiBaokohheEyer'rfieask  Druggists or Marine Eye 2emcdy Co., Chlcaj*  Some   people  doctors   and   so -  their   search   for   cure  eczema    that   they  find   it   difficult   to  believe there is an  actual cure.  The strong point  about Dr. Chase's  Ointment Is that It  not only brings relief promptly, but  brings about actual  and lasting cure.  In 13 9 7 Mr.  Ketch eson, 88 $������  Douro street, Pet- ^,������5  crboro', Ont., wrote aS������'*a  as follows:���������"I wa3,,.��������� ,_���������,���������,���������,���������.,.  troubled for thirty***- XETCHESOW  years with itching piles and eczema. I  could not sleep at night, and when I  grot warm tho itching was terrible.  Eczema covered my legs down to the  Uneca,   perfectly  raw.     I   havo   tried  every preparation I could hear of.  Seeing Dr. Chase's Ointment' advertised, I procured a box, and this Ointment effected a complete cure."  On Sept. 23, 1912, Mr. Ketcheaon  wrote as follows:���������-"I received a letter  from you to-day, saying that you found  on file a statement made by me 15  years ago. I have always given Dr.  Chase's Ointment a good name sinca  it cured me, and shall tell you how I  came to use it.  "I had suffered for many ycar.s from  eczema and piles, and had tried doctors aijd cverything-I could hear of in  vain, Reading1 about Dr. Chase's Ointment;'I purchased it at once, and was  soon completely cured. That was fifteen years ago, so there can bo n������  doubt of the euro being a permanent  one. I have met a great many people  who have been cured by Dr. Chase's  Ointment."  Dr. Chase's Ointment, 60 cents a  box, all dealers, or Edmanson, Bairn &  Co.. Limited, Toronto  I  I  1  I  ,-?  ma^MSMmummMimmmsimmmm  msimmimmiiawiL the" sxfistt grand" forks? b. C,  USE THE SCHOOL HOUSE FOR THE FARMERS' CLUB  The Rural Church and the School Should be Reconstructed with  the Purpose in Wiew of Restoring a Normal Social Life,  Which is now Believed to be Generally Lacking  v    Many changes have, taken place in  Canadian   farming  conditions   during  the past fifty years, and not the* least  - amoug these changes is that in connection with    the social    life in the-|  rural community.    Time    was    when  the farmer's son seemed to be quite  content to remain upon the farm aud  follow in the footsteps of his father,  plowing  and   tilling    the    soil    and  sowing- the" seed in    the  cpringtime,  and gathering the harvest in autumn.  During later years there has been a  decided      townward  ' movement'   of  ,   young people from the country, which  y is still going on in spite of the "Back  to the Land" and "Stay on the Farm"  campaigns  which    in    various  quarters have recently been in evidence.  There have been numerous    reasons  assigned   for    the changej_.no one of  which fully explains the cause of this  townward trend.    Perhaps  the basal  factor in bringing about the change is  an economic one, but it is. quite probable that    it is- something the same  as is    familiarly known    in medical  parlance as a  complication    of    diseases, or, in other words, a combination ; of circumstances and conditions  have led many of our brightest and  best farm boys and girls to the city.  There   are   bright   and  . shining   examples of those who have made good,  but there are  many,others of those  who'go, who often leave better homes  than they find in the city, often perform harder tasks than at home, often endure   hardships,   privation and  financial embarrassment,    all for the  sake   of the    something in  'the city  which seems to be lacking in country  life. It may be that the younger people  in the country place too high a value  on the glitter and glare of city life,  and  do not appreciate nor truly .understand the possibilities'and opportunities    o.    country life.    There  is  abundant beauty and interest in nature surrounding those who dwell in  the country,    but with many, all nature is  so intimately blent with; associations of    toil   that it cannot be"  looked    upon    with,   pleasure.���������������������������-Witli  many, too,    these'   sensibilities have  never .been awakened.-  Trained to do so, the country youth  would look upon nature diiterently.  The place and .time to exert an influence in this direction is in, the  public school when the children are  young. The teaching should.be done,  too, by better- paid, and, consequently  less migratory teachers than we now  have in many of our country schools,  who should be qualified to give the  country, boys and girls a more adequate training for life in the country. The children should be trained  to live a fuller and richer life as well  as taught_to read and write. This is  ���������somentfhg Tor the parents themselves  to'consider and. act upon, and which  should not be left entirely to the  schoolmen.  The opportunities for social recreation and enjoyment in rural parts  are often undeveloped and almost entirely neglected. It should be remembered by the parents that young people are young people wherever they  are found, and those in the country  enjoy a good time as"well as those in  the city. They like to mingle with  their fellows, and opportunity should  be given for them to do so. The  country homes should be thrown open  more frequently -to" young peoples'  gatherings of various kinds. We often hear -the older folks describe the  good old times of long ago when mention is frequently made of the paring, sewing,, huskiug, and quilting  bees, and the barn raisings, spelling  matches, singing schools, etc These  all afforded and were intended to  afford opportunity for social -intercourse. Where are they now? What  have we in their place True, we  have some things now wind', we had  not then, as, for example, the telephone, automobile or rubber tired  buggy. The telephone may account  in part for the smaller number of  Eocial gatherings in some places. In"  some districts the social side of farm  life is not overlooked and there are  var'ous meetings and entertainments  of a social nature, but the good old  time sociability is not general  enough. The homes in many instances  are not homelike and attractive as  they ought to be. It is there that the  training of mankind begins, so let it  not be a darkened, narrow, cheerless  place, that invites narrowness and  discontent in thc individual, but let it  be a place that promotes that which is  highest,  noblest and best in man, a  centre from which light, joy and  happiness radiate. Let the/home be  thrown open- occasionally in order  that the young people may entertain  their friends.  Clean and wholesome sport, indulged in to^-a reasonable extent, is as  good for the country boys and girls  as for those who live in the city.  The writer has heard some strenuous  protests registered when the boy  .wanted io go to the circus or to a  football or baseball . match. Why  should they not go once in a while?  Is 'it not better thatjhey should have  a .lay off now an., then, and as a  result go about their work more  cheerfully on the farm than that they  should be deprived of all forms of  sport until they are old enough to  say for themselves what they shall  do, and then have them leave home to  stay away for good.  Playgrounds and recreation centres,  organized for adults as well as for  children, ���������re appearing everywhere.  It has been found that play is not  only a means of happiness, but is  essential as a means of a strong physical and mental development, and  also serves to break up the routine  of institutional life. Activity along  these lines has been, so far, confined  largely to cities, but one day thesi.  things will receive attention by thos:  who dwell in rural parts.  Places of informal association have  a greater value in socializing than  the appointed meeting places of the  people. In recent social surveys it  has been discovered that the places  of. casual meeting are almost exclusively places of business, such as  stores, barber shops, mills, blacksmith shops, elevators, or places of  necessity as the railway station and  post office. These casual meetings  in the country are, it mustbe admitted, a wholly insufficient socializing  experience. It is bad enough for the  men but it is much worse for the  women. They, in many instances,  are deeply iu the rut of "stay at  home." Replies to an enquiry recently conducted in' the United States  indicate that while some farm women  are cheerful,; happy and contented,  many complain bitterly about the  long hours, isolation and lack of social recreation found on the farm.  Why should the school houses be  used only a few hours each day by  the ".children? ���������There is no reason why  they should not be the farmers club  houses and form the social centres  for the adults. They are built and  paid for and all ready for use. In  places of business one hears nothing  but economic commonplaces and as  the substance of conversation and  discussion is conditional by environment the meeting in the school for  social, literary, and musical purposes  would certainly have an elevating influence upon those participating.  Economic processes have had much  to do in bringing about the condition  of affairs so complained of today.  The tendency of farmers to retire to  the city and the departure of the  young people to seek their fortunes  in the city, have dissolved the rural  household and undermined the traditional country home. So far there  has been little in the way of reconstruction- Without a reconstruction  the rural household cannot bs made  stable. The church and the school  should be reconstructed with the. purpose .in view of restoring a normal  social life, which would mean the  building of-a new country home i:i  which the son would succeed the father, and the daughter be contented  to remain. This must be accompanied by an economic change, and ths'  farmer must learn by better educational methods, by contract with his  successful neighbors, and by demonstrations, how to improve the quality  and quantity of the products from his  farm while maintaining or increasing  the fertility of his soil. Better methods of agriculture and ol' business  co-operation will relieve the industrial and economic elements of the  situation, while an awakened church,  an improved and more o':en used  school, and a richer and .. more inspiring community life would tend to  make social conditions centripetal  rather than ���������. centrifugal, and would  hasten the day when the farmer will  be recognized as of the true aristocracy of the nation.���������F. C. Nunnick,  agriculturist, commission of conservation, Ottawa, in Family Herald, Montreal.  Facts About Canada  400,000,000 Acres of Good Land is Untouched  Canada is 18 times as large as Germany, 18 times the size of France, 30  times the United Kingdcm, twice the  size of India, 33 times thc size of Italy,  almost as large as the whole of Europe.  Canada is 113,092 square miles larger than the United States, including  Alaska. Canada, 3,-729,6G5; United  States and Alaska, 3,017,673.  Canada's area is 2,386,9C5,305 acres.  In 18G7, the area of the four provinces entering Confederation was 6(12,-  '148 square miles. Now the Dominion  parliament exercises jurisdiction over  3,729,665 square miles, in nine provinces.  Territories, the Yukon, and excluding  swamplands, and forests is J,-i0i,!it)0  acres. Thirty-one per cent-, or 440,-  00U.000 acres, is fit for cultivation.  Only 36,000,000 acres or 2.6 per cent, is  under cultivation, though the farm  holdings are rfaarly 110,00,000 acres.���������  Winnipeg Tribune.  Country's Guilt  Prussian Lays Blame for the European War on the Fatherland '  A certain bold Prussian,' name unknown, born, by his own confession,  "on German soil, of-German parents,  German in language and sentiment,  who loves his country better and more  than any other," has recently written  astartling book called " 'J'Accuse von  Einem Deutschen.'' The book has, for  obvious reasons, been'published in  Switzerland. The tilt of two^lan-  guages was ��������� evidently suggested by  Zola's famous accusation which  brought about the public trial, of the  Dreyfus case. The book appeared in  Germany, where it enjoyed a large  secret circulation, in spite of the efforts of the government to confiscate  it. The first authentic account of  "'J'ACcuse'-von Einem Deutschen"  has been written by one Gordon-Smith  'for the New York Tribune. He writes  in part as follows:  The author not only writes as a  German, but'thinks as one. His reasoning is that of a German dialectician. If is written by the author not  against, but for Germany.  He is a German Liberal. What he  says does not differ sensibly from the  lauguage, we are accustomed to hear  from the leading organs of the German Liberal press, the Frankfurter  Zeitung or the Berliner Tageblatt, before the ware. It is difficult to understand their complete "volte-face."  Perhaps'if they were free to write as  they please we might hear a different  language from1 that they now employ.  The author of "J'Accuse" has at any  rate preserved his independence and  remained master of his ideas and of  his-pen.  . He declares���������and proves���������-that the  war was plotted, prepared and declared by the German military party. It  had its precursors and its prophets;  General Bernhardi, Treitschke, Fjo-  benius and other^. He shows tne  methods used 4o work on public opinion, to knead it as one kneads dough.  Mo cites the effort made to obtain  the introduction of international' arbitration and the reduction of armaments by the czar, Nicholas II., and  proves to demonstration that this effort shipwrecked on the unyielding  opposition of Germany and Austria-  This checkmated the loyal co-operation of the other powers, great and  small.'  The writer proves that Great Britain-  was untiring ,in her attemptsto bring  about a simultaneous reduction of  naval construction, but the Berlin cabinet refused to entertain these proposals. Why? Thc author of "J'Accuse" gives the reason without hesitation, "because of all the powers in  European Germany alone was' plotting  and preparing war."  And why did she want war? The  empire was enjoying an unexampled  period of economic progress and prosperity. It was known to be th;  strongest power in Europe, and everybody bowed to its will. It developed  unceasingly its power, its riches, and  its force. No one dared to face it  resolutely. This was seen during the  Morocco crisis and the Balkan wars-  No one dared to attack it. No one had  the courage or even the desire.  But a powerful party in the empire  dreamed of a still greater omnipotence.  and it managed to make a great people, laborious, intelligent and, at the  bottom, peaceful, believe that the war  was a "Befreiungskricg,"..a war of liberation, like that waged a century before against Napoleon. A.war of liberation from what?���������from whom?  This question will never find an answer.  Ho examines, in thc light of; all the  documents published up to the present time, tho -action of Austria, of  Germany, of Russia, of England, and  of France. For him no doubt subsists.  Tiie German chancellory seized upon  the crime of Sarajevo to let loose on  Europe a war already decided on in  principle, the new military law, which  brought to its maximum the armed  force of Germany, having then had its  complete application. He then sums  up the serr.ed arguments contained in  the powerfully written pages of his  book by affirming that "Germany and  Austria are responsible for the European war which they provoked knowingly and with premeditation." * *  The terrible massacre goes on without result, p;iing up daily fresh mountains of corpses, Afresh ruin and devastation- An end must be made to  this. The people must impose peace.  The author, however, demands that  it shall bo a real'peace, and not a  mere armistice. No clause of the  treaty of peace shall constitute an act  of violence, a germ of future conflicts.  The people must unite, but there must  be no annc-.nthu. Standing armies  must be reduced to the numbers necessary to previ-nt and defeat the bellicose enterprises of the peoples who  do not.adhere to this accord. Europe  has need of a long period of security  to undertake the work of binding up  her wounds and extinguishing the hatreds to which the unpardonable aggression of Germany has given rise,  m  I PLANS TO STIMULATE OUR AGRICULTURAL TRADE  The Scheme Involves the Organization of an Intelligence System  for the Assistance of Farmers, and the Co-operation of all  Interests in the Development of the Live Stock Trade  Following the announcement which  appeared in the press that Hon. Martin Burrell had initiated a comprehensive markets propaganda in the  livestock branch of his department, an  explanation respecting the details of  that policy will be of interest. The  scheme involves: "1" The organization of an intelligence system; "2"  The organization of the farmers for  co-operative action in selling; "3" Promotion of sale by grade and payment  according to qualify; and "4" The co-  -operation of all interests in the development of our livestock trade.  The'intelligence system to be organized will provide for statistics of  animal population and of production.  To accomplish this, there will be cooperation with the census branch of  the agricultural departments of the  provincial governments.  The work, will cover information of  breeding and feeding operations, 'supply oL feed, conditions of stock, when  marketing is probable and the.available supplies and where they are. Information regarding the home and  foreign markets will be collected ami  this information will be disseminated  among producers.  Splendid results have already been  achieved in the organization of farmers for co-operative action in selling  in the system already in> force in the  handling of eggs in Prince Edward  Island, and the policy adopted la-it  year in selling wool. The former  scheme will be extended to cover all  provinces while in connection ���������. w'ih  thewwool co-operative selling plan, it  is hoped to devisr improvements  which will'secure for the producers  the commercial advantages of deferred 'sale when the markets warrant  it of the produce. It is now proposed to initiate the co-operative sale of  livestock, lambs, hogs and cattle in  accordance with principles followed  in similar work already undertaken.  It is not intended to involve the department in any commercial obligation, the ���������formers', association" assuming all and complete rcsponsibilty in  the transaction of their own business  and ultimately in the executive administration of their organization.  It is recognized that the sal. of produce on flat rate basis for example in  the\ase of hogs, invariably, inflicts a  penalty on the progressive farmers  and afford a premium for low grade  goods. The department believes it  is possible to favorably influence, buyers and merchants towar,'. the acceptance of standards and the rating of  prices on the basis of market merit.  Such a movement must precede improved quality and increased production and the department will inaugurate a plan for the promotion of sal?  by grade and payment according, to  quality. In-its policy of co-operation  the department will act as a medium  for adjustment of differences between  the producer on the one hand and  packing, transportation; and financial  interests on the other, and an organization for co-operation of these industrial bodies to stimulate our agricultural trade. The market policy of  the livestock branch operated in accordance with these principles will be  under the immediate, direction of H.  S- Arkell, assistant livestock, commissioner. He will be assisted by R. S.  1-Ianier, T. R. Ark-ell and W. A. Brown,  at present heads of the cattle, sheep  and swine and poultry departments.  After the War  New Territory North of Siberia  Valuo.ble discoveries of new land  north of Siberia says Reuter, nave  been announced as thc result of the  hydrograpl-ical work in those seas of  the Russian ice breakers, Taimyr and  ���������Vaigalz. The new territory stretches  for some 200 miles.���������Londo:i Chronicle.       /  Lady  (engaging nurse)���������Have  you  had any-experience with children?  Applicant���������Vis,    mum.     Shure,  Oi  Canada's  land  area,  excluding  the | used   to  be  a  child  meself.  Two Irishmen were philosophizing.  Said Pat to Mike: "Did you ever sthop  to think that wan-half of the world  don't know how the other half gets  along?" ., ���������     ,  "You're right," says Mike; "and  neither does the other half."  "Uncle, why did you never marry?"  "I  never  found  a  girl  who  would  have me."  "Uncle,   somebody's     been   fooling  you.   Our sex isn't that particular."���������  Sketch.  "My dear," observed the gallant undergraduate in the Princeton Tiger,  "you look sweet enough to kiss!"  "Thai's just the way I intended to  look. Jack."  Farming Should be Made More Attractive and Profitable to Encourage Rural Development  The prediction of a large emigration  to Canada from .Europe when jhe war  is over is an additional reason for taking/stock of agricultural conditions in  the Dominion. That Canada offers  abundant productive employment -if  the necessary machinery can be set in  motion is patent to everybody with  even a slight knowledge of this country's resources. And having" agreed  that there will be a heavy immigration and that we can lind room for all  who come, the present is the time to  consider the question of the class of  immigrants" who are likely to seek  homes in the new world, their ability  financially and by experience to adapt  themselves in a manner that will work  out successfully under the conditions  which they will be called upon to  meet.  Pioneering as a general thing is arduous, the results coming slowly even  for those .-.tarting with a fair amount  of capital and backed by experience,  but nature is generous here, and, provided all other things are equal, the  industrious newcomers should find  themselves making good progress. If  there are conditions, however, which  tend to retard agricultural progress  and help to discourage the struggling  worker, the present is the time to discover such influences and endeavor to  abate their possible effects. We look  upon this country as a land favoring  men of small means, possessing willingness and a capacity for work, and  for such there is room for many hundreds ofthousands. Experience teaches  however, that simply dumping people  on the land is not always sufficient.  This country, like every young community, has its own peculiar problems  to work out for itself, though in the  present instance there are certain aspects of nation--vide significance- For  intance, it is essential that the cost  of production should bear no tindm  handicaps and that whatever lias militated against a more rapid extension  of the cultivated area in the west  should be discovered and the faults  remedied as far as possible. If rural  development has not been sufficiently  rapid in the past, what is to make  farming more attractive and more  profitable in the future? There is no  lack of confidence in lhe country, yet  the results have not met with the expectations of governments and astute  corporations. In these days of inquiries and commissions, could not  sucii a simple and yet vital matter be  made a subject for investigation be-  ���������forc this new immigration rush commences? Almost any man on the  street will tell you what is wrong, and  the next man wiil emphatically advance some entirely different cause���������  but that is gettiug us nowhere.���������Saskatoon Star.  Mining in Alaska  Since mining first commenced in  Alaska in 1S80 that country has produced $286,000,000 worth of minerals,  of which $224,000,000 has been in gold,  $20,000,000 in copper, $2,200,000 in silver, and the balance in coal, tin, lead,  petroleum, etc. Last year tho total  mineral output of Alaska was $19,248,-  000 as compared with $19,416,000 in  1913. Uncle Sam, who bought Alaska  from Russia for a mere song, certainly got a bargain.���������Montreal Journal of  Commerce.  Winter Rye  Has a Valuable Place .as.::'. Cereal'or  ������������������-.as a Fodder Crop *  The growing of winter rye has not  as yet received much attention in Saskatchewan. The department of agriculture do not recommend that it be  used to displace any of the crops already grown, but believe that it can,  with advantage, be added to those  crops now having a regular place in  our7 system of farming.7 The advantages which; may be expected to result from the introduction of winter  rye, as an additional grain crop, may  t j briefly summarized as follows:  1. Summerfallow that*-is sown i >  rye in August or early September is  not subject to soil drifting, either in  fall; winter or spring, as it is when a  spring-sown grain, such as wheat, ia  used, because the crop occupies the  land and prevents drifting.  2. Owing to its rapid and rank  growth rye chokes out many weeds,  it is of particular value in combating  wild oats on this account, and also  because it ripens between the middle  of July and the end of the first week  in August, or much earlier than barley.  3. As rye makes its growth early  in May or JUrne^ the crop is well developed before the arrival of droughts,  so that in place of decreasing the yield  these really assist in maturing the  crop. \  4- Rye ripens much earlier than-  wheat and consequently is not subject'  to damage from early frosts.  5. Ripening before other cereals, it  distributes the harvest season,over a  longer period of time and justifies a  farmer in hiring his harvest labor  perhaps_.a month earlier than he  otherwise might, thereby securing it  at a lower rate of wages.  0. A field of winter rye affords fall  pasturage and also the earliest greem  pasturage in this country. If sown  early, the crop may safely be pastured in the fall, and unless.stink weed  or other winter annual weeds, are  present, early spring pasturing will  not cause injury. If cut green it  makes excellent fodder and will generally yield more per acre than any  other hay crop. When grown for this  purpose two crops can usually be cut  in the one season.  Where the crop has not previously  been grown, it is suggested that farmers osw a small acreage and try out  the crop. Seed can be secured from  any western seed house, or from  farmers who have already grown the  crop. Only western grown seed should  be used as imported seed will ofteu  winter kill.  If interested in this subject, write  the department of agriculture, Re-  gina, for free bulletin on winter rye.  A witty Irishman once invited to a  large dinner party iu Dublin in the  hope that he would amuso and divert  his host's geusts. But from the beginning to the end of tho dinner he  preserved a solemn and serious facp.  The host thought this very strange.  "Why, old fellow," he Tcinarked, "I  don't believe the biggest fool in Ireland could make you laugh tonight."  Try," was the rejoinder.  His Ambition  "Has your son any particular ambition?"  "Well, yes* I heard him say ftbe  other night that he wished ha could  find a way to get money without working for it."' THE    SON,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C. s  7:30 p- m. lie v. M. J). ,JVic-  Kee will pleach.at both services. The subject. . at the.  evening service will be, "The  Dignity and Value of Labor."  The prizes offered this year  for the best individual display  from   one    ranch,    including  fruit, vegetables;- fiowers,dairy  products,  grains,   etc., at the  sixth annual    Grand    Forks  .Fall Fair,   to  be held in this  city on September 28 and' 29,  will  be    considerably   larger  than in any previous year, and  the competition promises to be  very keen.   The prizes offered  for this exhibit are: First $75,  second  $50,   third   $25,  and  fourth $10.    It will  be worth  ovo-vy rancher's while to make  an effort  to  capture some of  this  money, and the  winners  will  doubtless  have displays  that will surprise not only the  natives  but  visitors as  well.  As it will be   the best display  of farm products ever exhibited  in  southern British Columbia, it should attract  visitors  to  the  city from a wide  rydius of territory.  Rev. E: A. St. G. Smythe,  of Trail, is building ' an addition to his summer home at  Christina lake.   ���������  Mrs. ..J. P. Grimith, of Fife,  and Miss Norris, teaches of  the Hilltop school, were in  Grand Forks Friday and Sat-V  urday, the guests of Rev. and  Mrs. C  W. King.  Phoenix has a home  of fifty-two men.  guard  Men,   See   Our  Window Display  for Quality -  !,������������.  &��������� rt  a'  ^t������r������  Men, We Claim  We Have Better  Vaiucs Than Any'  Store in Town.  Greenwood wants an  market    to     encourage  farmers to visit the-town  open  the  Word was received on Monday that Charles Rendall had  died from wounds that he had  received in France while  fWhtinM" with the 'loth bat-  talion. He .lived for many  years in" the Boundary and  Kootenay, being a real old-  timer. His wife and family  arc now living in Vernon.  A large lynx jumped on the  back of Walter Rollins while  returning from his work near  Cascade one day this week.  Rollins came out of the encounter with a scratched face.  "The Greatest Work in-the  World" will be the theme of  Rev. C. W. King's Sunday  evening address in the Baptist church.  An ounce of pluck is better than  a pound of luck���������when it come to  removing feathers from geese.  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  eric; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible ��������� power."  J. Lubitz returned to his  home in Cascade on Saturday  after a; short course of treatment in the Cottage hospital.  Union services of ' the  Methodist and Presbyterian  churches next Sabbath as follows: Methodist church, 11  a.m.;    Presbyterian    church,  "Type was made to "mid " This,  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.     "  E.W.Barrett  ^Auctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere,   Any    Time.  Stocks aSpecialty  GRAND   FORKS, R C.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my   old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  niew narne&b harness repairing.:Aii  Your patronage is solicited.  work guaranteed  . Free  Tho full significance of the word Economy is not expressed-' by a mere ��������� lowness of  price.' Its- true meaning finds complete expression in a combination of dependable  quality with alow price. It.is this combination'that you will find at this store, ex-'  emplilied -not in a few instances only, but throughout every stock. We guarantee  unconditionally the absolutely dependable quality of every article we 'sell, and.our-  own guarantee means that your' money will be promptly refunded should you find  any purchase made not exactly as represented by us. " ���������     '  Good<Goods at Fair Prices are, of course,* this store's  greatest attractions, but these'are strengthened by prompt^  and courteous service and a home-like store atmosphere."  We arc mighty well prepared to fill all your cool-weather  needs,   and  you  couldn't find  a  belter time to test this  claim we make for our .qualities and prices.  ^W   FJB88   fthiref?  Men, it^vouklpayyou'to   call  LieW   Idfll  tfilirSlS  a.U(j   See  the   values   we   are  showing  in, heavy  Shirts,- FlaniiQls, Tweeds, in alkthe  latest and newest designs. ������������������.  . Prices, G5c,- 85c, ,$1.00,-#1.25, #1.50, $1.75, $2.00'  ���������$,,QW    Vnll    ^Ltt^c*    Mo11'    (1������nt    !)UV    Y()lU'    1U;W ^Ult  LieW  Idll  tfUllS  until yon see wliat'MacDougall &  MacDonald  are  showing'in   the  season's latest fancy  /Tweeds,'Serges, Worsteds; all sizes :and styles.  Prices, 11.75, 12.00, 12,507 lo.OO; 13.50, 16.50," 18.?'5, 20.00  ������������>" ILII ' ^^T^������*^ru.^   Men; when it comes to the'  eW   I all  Sweatee  Sweater question,  why we.  have the values.    Sec the lines,-in all sizes and   styles.  Prices, $1.00, 1.75, 2.00, 2.25, 2.50, 3:50, 4.50, o.OO  ckxkt Foil ^L^^������ Men,'don't buy your Shoes un-  eW JLdllfvMlOeS til "see ours, ^al'.l and see them:  One glimpse will convince you we can save you money  in the Shoe- line. Working and dress boots: Tans,  Blacks, laced or buttoned.  Prices, $3.25, 3.75, 4.00, 4.50, 5.00, 5.50, <100 a pair  ~tL~       Now  is  your  time  to  get values here in  liieerb  Shoes for your boy.  We have them   in   all  grades.   Prices, $2.00, 2.25, 2.75, 3.50, 4:50 a pair:   .  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  Call to Arms Imperative  Be honest with yourself. Be certain that your so called reason is not  a sellish excuse. Be sure thnt hereafter, when you look back on today  and its call to duty, you do nothuve  cause to confess to your' conscience  that you shirked your duty to your  country and sheltered yourself tin  dijr a mere exeusc���������Lord Kitchener  Men, "talk about suits! Why pny  SIS for a blue serge "suit,-when  MacDougall & MacDonald are selling thnm for $11.75. All sizes. See  the other lines.  For   pointers  on inject   life  consult a beehive.'  i mmmm  (���������;;,* noun  4> ^  "//!m0>  ^  Here We Are I  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats -  a  it  . earns  ������������������'I'jIK'HSC'S   ^  \  Porrioge Oats  Ferina  Graham  Whole Wheat  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news   of the  city and district first.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any ������2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  Men, MacDougall &, Macdonald  have received a shipment of summer underwear in light weights.  Colors, pink, cream white; all siVp;  o0r and 65c a garment.  rataE-m*aromi?������*&^^  1BY FEED & SUPPLY CI  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  '���������!,  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  A CAR OFXJANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at a  close  price  for cash ,or  approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P, 0, BOX 610  Is like trying to tfo a successful  business without advertising.  And it is not expensive to gain  desirable publicity by the use of  printers' ink. Our Classified  Want Ads. cost little and; are  read by nearly everyono.  Try them as a system tonlo  for your buslnnss.  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  CPnn I'ERACRE-TliooM Grulinm runch of  CpZiU !!12 acres, ut Casciidi;, can be purchased at $20 per acre, if taken at once. W.  1C. Kslinur  owner, Rossland, B. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDERS WANTED ns nprents for our 'high  irradc bicycles. Write for low prices to  THOS. PUMLEY'S CYCLE WORKS, VICTORIA, H. C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  ��������� I have opened a hicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  . R. Mooyboer S^l^f r lc  TAKE  your  repairs to Armson, sboe  repairer.    The   Hub.    Look  for  the   Bier  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  and   Rnnucs.    E. C. Peckhiim,   Secondhand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD  flvo room limine: two ��������� blocks   from  post office.   Apply this ollice.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  We SUN PRINT SHOP  {It  :l  il  1  vi  M  &1  1  I  '1  1  j,!  il  mmmMmmmmmmBimmmffl

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