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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 10, 1915

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 -v^-'"i    I.   ti'-i-nsV'������������������'(.  S-"  -  ShH   14  .f-i"  5   <?'  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 45  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 10, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  EXHIBITS ST F  The indications are that the sixth  annual Grand Forks Fall' Fair,  ^vhich will be held on September 2t>  and 29, will be a bigger success than  in any previous year. The prize  money in many sections bas been  greatly increased, and tbe competition will therefore be keener and the  exhibits of a superior character.  One notable instance in which prizes  worth fighting for have been hung  up is for the best individual ranch  display. These are: First prize,  675; second, S50; third, $25; fourth,  S10. In the live stock section, .the  amount of the prizes offered for  -registered cattle have been more  than doubled over last year, and  this fact should bring out ihe best  exhibit in this section ever s^en in  this pertion of the province.  The amusement part of the fair  is.not to bp neglected. The sportB  committee is working hard arrang-  ��������� ing an excellent program of horse  races, athletic sports, etc., and these  features of the exhibition will be  fully equal if not superior to those  witnessed here in former years. The  fair will end with a big dance on tbe  evening of the 29th.  The city authorities and the board  of school trustees will be asked to  proclaim two half holidays during  the fair.  The judges of the exhibits will be:  Live stock, S H. Hopkins; poultry,  W. Miller Higgs; fruit and vegetables, P. E. French. Ladies from  the outside will be asked to award  tbe prizes in the home cooking and  iancy work departments:'   ,,:  Entries will positively close on  September 25.  ing������ machine. The society will send  for it on receiving the name of the  party willing to lend it.  Canada's Share  Canada has' not dealt in billions  of dollars and millions of men, but  Canada has nevertheless made, commensurate war sacrifices in money,! During the week a committee  suffering and blood. The temper of j from the. board of trade has been  the Cinacliai. soldier has already busily engaged in olleciiii": an ex-  been proven and approved in the hibit for tbe Spokane Interstate  theatre of war, but the same bravery fair, which opens next Monday. A  of the home people in facing a rap- j splendid collection of fruit, vegeta-  idly rising public debt has had a I bW; grain, etc., has been made and  much less spectacular setting.; forwarded to Spokane. It is ex  France, Britain and even Belgium ; pected that the exhibit will prova a  are fighting and making sacrifices��������� \ prize winner  but no greater sacrifices   in   propor  tion���������in the midst of a struggle that  Nand Singh, an employee   of   the  actually threatens their existence, [ lumber mill at Billings, was up be-  but Canoda is giving lavishly of her {fore Judge Cochrane on Wednesday  best blood and money without any , on a charge of having assaulted  thought that physicaljy at least she ;Cherr Singh, another Hindu, with  is in danger from the Teuton Both  life and money are more precious,  too, to a country just entering upon  a period of national development  Canada is giving humanity one of  the real returns of a frightful war.  It is tbetriumph of the purest patriotism and unselfish devotion to  the mother country.  une.  one of our force had been surreptitiously married, but on going to tbe  front door we found that the charivari was caused by a herd of cattle  having stopped in front of the shop  on their way home.  Tbe Daughters of tbe Empire are  sending to each of the Grand Forks  boys at the front and to those who  >are prisoners in Germany a parcel  containing a fruit cake, tobacco,  candy, .two handkerchiefs and ,two  pairs of socks. It is hoped that  these parcels will reach the boys on  or beiore Thanksgiving.  -Chicago Trib-  Too often failure succeeds success.  an ax, and was remanded for trial.  At a speedy trial before J nine Brown  in the county court last night N--md  was found guilty us charged and  sentenced tu twelve, months in tbe  Nelson jail. J H. Ryley for the  crown and Mr. Mackenzie for defendant.  There was a great chorus of cow  bells in front of our office last evening.     At first we thought that some  THRILLING HUMAN  THI  IMA OF  WORLD'S GREATEST WAi  If the necessary quota of members of the Vancouver bjard of trade  can be.obtained for an excursion  over the new Kettle Valley line to  the O'kanagan, the Boundary and  the Kootenay, the same will start  from Vancouver on the 19th inst.  The party expects lo be able to return to Vancouver on the morning  of the 27th inst. 1 he excursion  will entail a stop over at each of the  following cities- Merritt, Penticton,  Kelowna, Vernon, Grand Forks  (from which city Greenwood and  Phoenix can be visited)t Rossland,  Nelson and Revelstoke. Unless  twenty-five members join the excursion it will not take place.  QF R  CROSS SOCIETY  Th-i lidy numbers of the local  branch of the Red Cross society are  as busy as they can be. As a result of their labor during August  six cases are now ready fur ship-  uipnt. The total output of the society for the month is as follows:  ���������Six hundred and sixty danages, SO  hospital nightshirts, 49 T bandages,  LSD triangular bandages, 50 abdominal liHnihgp-i,������34 suits of pyjamas,  ���������'i blue llnnnel suits, (5 dressing  gowns, 11 grey flannel day shirts,  DO slings, GO sheets, 22(i pillow  slips, SO pillow tickings, 139 Turkish towels, 75 tea towels. 85 face  cloths, 50 cup covers, 10 plate covers, G8 personal property bags, 7  hot water bottle covers, 4 laundry  bags, 8 pairs knitted socks. 14 pair*  hospital socks, 48 pairs hospital  socks for wounded feet, 97 tield  handkerchiefs, SI hospital handkerchiefs, 80 tray cloths, 210 surgical  kits, 870 surgical pads, 250 compresses, Ii00 gauze sponges, 900  mouth wipes Donated by the  Daughters of tlie Empire: Seventeen tea cloths, 19 utility bags, 10  table napkins, 80 cup covers, 40 face  cloths, , !)S face rags, 300 mouth  wipes. The Red Cross society would  he glad to obtain the loan of a sew-  A report is current that C company of the 54th battalion will not  go as a draft but will be held back  until the Kootenay regiment leaves  as a unit. After a base company  has been formed this will mean that  the battalion will be about 150 men  over strength.  KETTLE VALLEY  LINE PROGRESS  J. J. Warren, president of the  Kettle Valley line, while in Victoria  a couple of days ago. stated that  work is being prosecuted vigoiously  on the extension of the line to Hope  and that the most gratifying results  are attending the operation of the  system already completed.  Steel <is now laid'to within one  mile of Ladner creek, where a big  steel bridge is being put in. For a  distance of ten miles from Hope station houses are being built and  telegraph poles have been erected  and wires strung. Progress is also  being made on the erection of snow-  sheds in the vicinity of the sum  mit.  ���������Mr. Warren said that on -Monday  last the mixed train which has been  in service between Merritt and Penticton was replaced by a tegular  passenger service, this illustrating  the growth of traffic on that section.  The tri-weekly train will hereafter  be a passenger train solely, leaving  Merritt for the south on Mondays  Wednesdays and Fridays, and from  Penticton leaving for the north on  Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays.  There is such a great amount of  freight offering that a freght service  has been Inaugurated, leaving Merritt  on Tuesdays and Thursdays, and  Penticton on Mondays and Fridays.  There is a large-sized gentleman  in the city who claims he can whip  two ordinary men at one and the  same time. The Sun has been endeavoring for-a week past to corral  him for a lighting editor.  The thrill of a fair's night show is not in the title; its in its aim.  i^ . ......... on -Monday, bent. 13, at the Spokane Interstate Fair and Live  Stock Show there will be staged at night the grandest effort of human conception in an ideal presentation of the world's most famous final battle���������  the decisive military argument, the permanent peace maker.  SVilled mechanics, artisans, military experts, armament makers, aeronauts rapid fire gun commanders, armored-motor car drivers and drilled  soldiers have been occupied for several weeks in preparing a great living  war drama on the turfed arena before the grandstand at the fair grounds  It will truly portray the thrilling scenes of a decisive battle between the  most modern armed forces. People of the Inland Empire will never have  a better opportunity to become informed regarding the fighting machines  of modern European armies than they will have every night during the fair  when "The battle of Armageddon" will be staged in the open.  In thrilling effects nothing was attempted in Spokane that compares  with it. Three hundred people are required in the cast. There are 120  minutes of thrill after thrill, sixty thrills a minute���������some thrills.  The drama depicts a battle in the western arena of the great, European  war. An aeroplane scouts the horizon and sails over the field, heralding the  coming of the enemy. Then follows more aeroplanes, huge Zeppelins, noisy  dirigibles, saucy taubes and flirting biplanes like a swarm of bees, all opening fire upon the defenders with bombs, while skirting the field at high  speed rush armored motor cars with their loads ot soldiers firing at the air  battery with rapid fire guns. Soon the enemy rushes to the attack, skirting  the horizon, dashing through the forests and across the plains, with their  entanglements of barbed wires, brush, fallen horses, disabled motor cars  and abandoned ammunition trains. Great cannon roar, the big seige guns  go into action from afar, shells burst high in air and all around the fighting  troops, and the earth fairly shakes as the battle reaches its height. More  armored cars dash into play, bringing fresh supplies of men and ammunition,  the heavens glow with the bright fire and the Red Cross ambulances rush  upon the scene amid the bursting of shells. The fight in the trenches is  on, a hand to hand fight is on, and soon the fight is over and the victors  rejoice in songs and pyrotechnic celebration. Pluge set pieces form a picturesque "nish to the great spectacular pageant and* drama, one of the  largest being a dove of peace holding a laurel wreath.  Everybody will want to see "The Battle of Armageddon." It is grand.  "Go to it."  H. M  Lunney,   late   manager   of  the B. C. Telephone company in this  city, met with a bad accident   while  working   on   the   pole   line   on the  Jewel road this week.   While climbing a rotten pole, the pole suddenly  fell to the ground,   Mr   Lunney   be-  | ing pinned under it.    He is reported  ! to have hail one leg broken  and   the  j other badly bruised.  v   You are invited to tbe Methodist  church services on Sunday next at  11 a;m. and 7:80 p.m. Preacher,  Rev. J. D. Hobden. Will you  come?  Yes, anxious reader, the British  sovereign continues to be worth its  weight in gold. It is the value of  the paper representative of that sovereign which has depreciated in consequence of a heavy adverse trade  balance plus the manipulations of  financial organizations which sec an  opportunity of making eaay money  out of the break in foreign exchange.���������Victoria Times.  John Donaldson, who was the  delegate from this city to the recent prohibition convention in Van  couver, will make his report at a  meeting in the Parish hall of Holy  Trinity church next Sunday evening 8:45 o'clock.  K. M. Winslow, provincial horticulturist, will visit the city about  October Gth, accompanied by a party  of Calgary business men.  Charles Craney, of the Kettle  Valley line, has sent a 25-pound  cabbage to the Spokane Interstate  fair.  The work   of   completing  the cement sidewalk and   beautifying  the  [grounds around the new post ofiicc  was started this moaning.  .JjT..g.....|jfr.f..W.,  i iii.ifriiii hi nun"-'"' -'"  Services  will   be   held   in Knox  j Presbyterian church  next   Sabbath  morning and evening as usual.   Thc  pastor will preach at both  services.  Men, see the new line of fall shirts  MacDougall &MacDonald are showing. Tweeds, flannels, duck; 80c,  81.00. 81.25, 81.50, 82.00 each.  Oscar Lacbmund,  of Greenwood,  manager   of   thc  British Columbia  Copper company, was in tbe city on  J. E. THOMPSON Wednesday.  Liberal Candidate for Member of the! Unless a man is willing to admit  Provincial House for Grand Forks his ignorance he will never bo in a  Hiding, position to learn. *J>  ,THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,.   B. C.  A GOOD CHEW IN A CLEAN WEAPPEE.  43  ggs  Making the Most of the Eggs Laid at  This Season  As the price of eggs drops during  the warm weather and it becomes a  question whether much profit may be  derived from their sale in the regular  way, the wise poultry grower will consider how he may keep -up the 'prici  for what he sells or reserve his stock  as it accumulates in such a way that  lie will obtain a much larger pri^c  and considerably more than sufficient  to pay him for the trouble to which he  has..to go to bring about this result.  In the first place, any eggs required  for sale as food products and not^ for  breeding- purposes should be infertile-  Fertile eggs become unfit for human  food almost as quickly as. milk when  subjeeted'to. the same temperature and  when we consider how carefully our  health departments safeguard the sale  of this product it is some wonder that  some method is not'devised to absolutely prevent the marketing during  the hot months of eggs less likely to  spoil than is'now in practice. It is a  mistaken idea that eggs have to be  put into an incubator or under a hen  to start to incubate. The fact is that  the germ begins to grow just as soon  as it is subjected to a temperature of  00 or above. Whether this be behind  the kitchen stove, on a hot country  road ea" route to market, on the platform at the depot awaiting shipment,  in the country store waiting for the  usual twenty or thirty cases before  sending out, in the pantry waiting until tlie case is filled, or when you have  a chance to go to town, or in the henhouse under broody hens, when they  are not gathered frequently.  Why produce such a perishable article at all when the remedy is so simple just by "Swatting the Rooster,"  or removing him from the pens from  which the eggs to sell come. An infertile egg will keep so much better  than a fertile one that there is hardly  any comparison between them. Infertile eggs could be placed in an incubator for 21 days, the hatching time,  and used for cooking purposes andjt is  doubtful if they would be found in the  least objectionable, but what of the  fertile egg that has not matured a  chick. The stench from it is terrible.  This is the relative condition of fertile  and infertile eggs, when subjected to  heating under any circumstances and  gives some idea of the value of taking  precautions^ 6 have-only in fertile eggs  produced at this time of the year.  By guaranteeing that an eggs are'  infertile, that they can be depended  upon to keep as long as possible, and  supplying them in attractive contf.in-  ers, it is possible to obtain always  several cents better than the market  price for them. If the price drops too  low it will pay anyone who will do so  to use one of the many ways that can  be used for preserving the eggs until  later in the year when eggs are scarce  and good prices prevail for well-kept  eggs.  Eggs to be stored should in the first  place, therefore, be from hens having  no males with them because an infertile egg keeps longer, even without the  use of the preservative than a fertile  egg; second, perfectly fresh, for not  only will they keep better, but if an  egg that has begun to decay is placed  in the same vessel with fresh ones, it  is likely to affect all the surrounding  eggs; and. third, perfectly clean, for  filth of any kind adhering to the shell  will taint the preserving medium and  thus taint the eggs. In placing eggs  in the preservative be careful to see  that none of the eggs gets cracked-  Keep them in a moderatly cool room  where the temperature may be kept  fairly constant. A dry, clean cellar is  a suitable place.  There are several very good ways  of preserving eggs and one of them  can be selected that will suit the ability of the user to obtain the ingredients in his own locality. Of the many  methods for use on a small scale none  has proved more successful than  water-glass (sodium silicate). This is  a very cheap product and can usually  be secured at not to exceed 50 cents  a gallon, and one gallon will make  enough solution to preserve 50 dozen  eggs, so that the cost of material  would not exceed one cent a dozen.  Pure water that has been boiled and  then cooled should be used. To each  15 or 20 quarts of water one quart or.  water-glass should he add 3d. The solution should bo prepared, placed in the  jar or oilier suitable vessel, and the  fresh eggs added from time to time  until the jar is filled, but he sure that  there are two inches of solution always covering the eggs. The eggs  should not. be washed before packing,  for washing injures the keeping quality, probably by dissolving the mucilaginous coat ins.  A good limewater preservative may  be made as follows: Thirty gallons of  water, 10 pounds of salt, one-half bushel of finely slacked lime. Alter mixing  thoroughly allow thc solution to stand  two or three days and then remove  the clear liquid by dipping or by  means of a siphon. Place the liquid in  a tub or other suitable reeeplable and  place the egge, therein, or the eggs  may be placed in the vessel lirst and  the limewater placed over them. Have  at least two inches of liquid covering  the iop of the eggs. Limed eggs can  be discerned by the roughness of the  shell. P,efore boiling, eggs that have  been preserved in the foregoing ways  should   bo   punctured   with   a   needle,  W. N. U. 1063  otherwise they are apt to crack as  soon as placed in hot water, owing to  the pores being closed and no outlet  illowed for the air in the eggs.  Eggs can be preserved for several  aioiiiiis in dry salt. Bran can, also be  used with fair results but neither of  these methods is as satisfactory as the  two firse mentioned. There must always be at least two inches covering  the eggs with these two methods  also.   . " ,     ���������������������������~.'<*im*������g2i\  Cold storage is undoubtedly the-best  and most practical method for preserving egg'sjn large quantities in a commercial "way. As the processes by  which a low temperature can be maintained for an indefinite period have  become more and more improved, the  greater has been the number of eggs  so stored, until the cold storage business, has reached such proportions  that it has a considerable influence on  the price of eggs, tending to -lower it  in winter and raise it in summer.     .   .  A record of \ twenty crates of eggs  stored in Buffalo last season will give  some idea of the profit in this method.  Citese eggs were shipped in when they  were selling in quantities at 17 cents  per dozen for table use. This would  make the total ������102. These same eggs  were sold in December at an average  of thirty cents a dozen, which made a  total of $180 or a difference of $78 in  favor of cold storage.  The cold storage plant charged two  cents a dozen for the period, which  made a total of $12 for storage. To  this is to be added $6.20 expressage,  and the -commission man's charge of  $12. making a total of expenditures  $30-20, and leaving $47 clear and above  what the cost of storage and other  expenses ariiountecl to. There is no  question that storage in this way properly handled, is very profitable���������A. P.  Marshall, Niagara Falls, Canada,  Breeder Niagradot White Wyahdottes.  With the Big Fleet  A Wise Banker  North    Dakota    Banker   Who    Helped  Boys to Learn Something of Pure  Bred  Stock  In Ward county, North Dakota, is a  banker who has shown true philanthropy and wisdom. He bought a carload of pure bred gilts and distributed  them among the boys in the county  who promised to care for them according to the advice of County Agent  W. A. Peck. In the fall the boys  could buy the sows at their actual  cost, or they -were to give the sows  back to the banker, but they could  keep the increase. Some of the boys  bought their sows and those who did  did not had the pigs as their own.  The banker bred such sows as were  returned to him and r.gain put them  out with boys in the county.  In this way the boys learned how to  handle pure bred stock, and were  shown the superiority of blood and  proper care. They came in personal  touch with the county agent who was  able to teach them much more.than  pig feeding. They got a substantial  r&ward for their work, and a start that  will mean much in the future.  The banker did a most excellent  thing for the boys .and for the county. The boys are the future farmers  ������������������and will have -money to deposit in  his bank, we hope. Is there not a  suggestion in this for many a banker  or successful business man who takes  pride in his county? And may not a  wise father get a hint that will keep  his boys on the farm?���������Successful  Farming.  Berlin Shows Big Population Decrease  The Berliner Tagebaltt prints some  interesting, figures nhewing a marked  decrease* in the population of Berlin.  ������������������! April 1, this year, the population  of Berlin proper was 1,908,719, against  ; Otii.THM at. the beginning or the same  month in 1914. During the month of  April, this* year, there was a further  decrease of 14,574 persons- Of these  .13,131 were males and 1,443 females-  Of course, says the Tageblatt, this decrease can really be attributed to thc  fact that so many of Berlin'^ citizens  arc at the front.  rnl.ere also has jee:i considerable  decrease in traffic. Figures just prepared show that in April, this year,  the street railways carried 47,042,723  passengers, which Ir; five millions and  a half less than in April, 1914. The  elevated and underground roads carried G.2."i4,7ti0 passengers, being a de-  create of 1,000,000 compared with thc  same period in the previous year. Tax-  icabs and other vehicles carried 1,-  G03.5S6 persons, being a decrease of  nearly live millions  An illustration of thrift is contained  in the story of a Scotswoman who had  been promised a present of a now bonnet by a lady.    Before she made tho  iMiuisn, the lady called and asked  the good woman: 'Would you rathe"  have a felt or a straw bonnet, Mi\j-  MacDuff?"  "Wcel," said Mrs. MacDuff. "I think  I'll tak' a strao ana, It'll maybe be a  mouthful to the coo when I'm done  wi' it."  Both   Kinds  "He's  so  dogmatic."  "Yes,    and has such a categorical  wav with him."  When the Fleet Comes in For Fuel  There is Some Excitement  Five p.m-, and the officers of one  of his majesty's oiltankers are yarning and thanking their lucky stars  that things are likely to be .quite for  thc night. Anchor watch will then  only mean having an occasional look  round. Suddenly > a , "scream" is  heard, and the chief tears on deck.  That "scream" is well known and.  means something doing, for it comes  from the Port Coaling Officer's tug,  which, for a small ship, can-make the  deuce of a row. When she gets close  aboard her skipper pokes his head out  of the wheelhoxise and yells: '  "Stand by for any. emergency tonight and to oil the main destroyer  flotilla." .  >   "Right!     What's   all   the shindy?"  "Don't know, but I believe the big  fleet is coming in, and.they're in the  devil of a hurry. I'm hustling around  to the colliers as well. They are to  be ready for coaling at a minute's  notice," ' and pit he goes, making  enough noise with his' siren to wake  the dead. Incidentally he wakes up  the colliers.     ��������� ���������'���������:"-'���������"���������  ��������� The bay is full of oiltankers and  colliers .of.'every,.description and size,  ranging from a big ten .thousand  tonner to a little motor schooner.  Re s 11 essness becomes apparent  throughout this fleet. The /white feathers of exhaust steam show here and  there, and a few ships heave up their  second anchor to be in readiness to  get under way. The Port Coaling Officer has done his job.  Half an hour later the whole bay is  alive with destroyers tearing round  and'blowing their sirens'as signals to  various ships : that they are coming  alongside to oil. Two of them are  soon made fast and a hoarse voice on  each of the destroyers bellows out,  "Starboard watch awa}r for exercise,  'ands in 'oses (hands in hoses)." A  few moments later the pumps are  started and the oil is pouring into the  destroyers' tanks!  Away down the bay the main  battle fleet is coming in to its anchorage. Allthe colliers frantically heave  up anchors and steam off to coal th^ir  appointed ships. Whistles, sirens and  exhausts raise a deafening racket.  On board our oiltanker we now get  'uii=. to have a yarn with the men just  in from the grey North Sea..'I "Anything doing?" That is always the  first question. "Not a thing," almost,  invariably comes the reply. Then,  perhaps, we ask if they were in the  "Lion dust up." "No, we were sent  in just before with a damaged turbine,  and our old man's language blistered  all the wardroom paint." Then we  get their own' special little adventures,  perhaps with a 'submarine; how they  only missed ramming it by a few  yards, and how one of the gunners  had a fit when a lurch sent his shot  just wide of the mark. After that  we rake up papers and magazines, and  have a look round at the whole scene.  The sight of all the fighting ships or  different types starts one's blood  flowing swiftly.' No landsman' can  quite understand the impression that  such a fleet creates in the mind of the  sr.ilormarr.. "That's our life's blood,"  says someone on deck, "and we're a  dead race when that goes."  Oh, for a chance to be a fighting  unit instead of an oiltanker!���������London  Chronicle.  To Disperse Fo!son Gas  Invention     Will    Force    the    Deadly  Chlorine Over the Heads of Men  at Front  Sir I-iiram Maxim has completed an  invention which is a reply to. the German pcison gas methods of warfare.  Exhaustive tests havo been made iu  trenches tinder conditions as nearly  as possible to those in Flanders, and  it is understood tha' the war office is  very favorably impiessed with the invention.  Sir Hiram Maxim says that the poisonous fumes are chlorine gas. "Chlorine gas," he says, "when in pure state  at one atmospheric pressure weighs  two and- one-^ialf times as much as  air. In escaping from high pressure  to atmospheric pressure the chlorine  necessarily rises, mixed witha lot of  air, and by the V.me it is twenty feet  away from the discharge pipe the  ratio is five volumes of air to one rt  chlorine. <���������";.  "The specific gravity is correspondingly reduced, and by' the lime the  fumes reach our trenches there Is one  hundred times as much air as gas-  We- know that to be approximately  true, because if a soldier breathed a  chlorine mixture of one in twenty he  would not live more than a few minutes. Scientific men have tried to  neutralize the effects- of the gas by  respirators, but you might just as  well think of filtering alcohol' out of  water wit'., a piece of wire gauze a"  try to separate chlorine from the i-t-  mosphere by such a device."  ;  _^  Sir I-Iiram called "these gauze  thing's" "aspLrators"���������short for "exas-  perators.." That sums up his estimate  of their utility.  It is not permissible lo give away  Sir Hiram's secret, but it is said that  the invention will force the poisonous  fumes over the heads of men in the  trenches.  "I do not think that the British," he  said, "should descend to the use of i  poisonous gases, and I am convinced  that the enemy will not continue their  use once he finds how easily and how  cheaply the fumes may be dispersed.  "Another device I ani engaged upon  relates to the defence of our trenches  against the bayonet. It is upon a wholly new principle, but I am not at liberty to describe it. In fact," Sir Hi/-  am continued, "I have my pocket full  of new inventions. At _ the age of  seventy-five niy day ".'is'7 oneT of seventeen hours and I want to give that  time to serving the country."  Some Dont's For  Drivers of Horses  A War Bog Story  If Holland Entered  Germany is undoubtedly very vulnerable on her Holland frontier. Were  Holland to be goaded into belligerency  by German attacks on her merchant  ships or by other infringements upon  her rights, it would be unfortunate for  the enemy. Not only would German  territory thereby be at once thrown  open to invasion by Dutch, British and  French troops, but-also the Scandinavian countries would be almost certain  to follow in the wake of Holland's action- Denmark, Norway' and Swede-,  would not find it to their advantage to  remain neutral when all their nei0'.i-  bors were at war. They would join in  thc wolf hunt. Their striking force  would be no small one, but much more  telling upon the enemy would be the  ending of their commercial relations  with him.���������Toronto Mail and Empire.  "Why, Tommy!" exclaimed tlu  Sunday school teacher, "don't you  say your prayers every night before  you go to bed?"  "Not any more," replied Tommy.  "I used to* when I slept in a folding  bed, though."  The Sultan���������I want to speak to  you about the light o'f the harem.  Grand Vizier���������The beautiful Fa-  tima?  The Sultan���������No. the gas bills.  They're  getting  too  darned  high.  "Me does a roaring business.'  "What's his line?"  "Ho  blows  the    megaphone    on  a  sight-seeing 'bus."  Drug Clerk^-They won't let me go  to war, yet I've got to stand behind a  mortar all day long.  Dog That Followed Fortunes of a Soldier   and   Rescued   His   Master  ��������� When Wounded  One of the best dog stories of the  .war, and with the additional merit of  being absolutely true, is told us by  Mrs. Armar Corry, who personally met  the hero ther,.:>f at the American hospital at Netiilly. This dog, named  Fend l'Air, belonged to an Algerir.n  ���������soldier called to the colors. He managed to get on_ board his master's  ship and landed at Marseilles with  him; crossed France to Belgium, ec-  companied him in the great retreat  and also in the victory of the Marne,  and shared with his soldier, owner  the life in the trenches. One night the  trench was blown .up by a shell, and  thc man was buried, wounded, in .i  mass of earth. Fend l'Air scented out  the exact place where his master lay,  started digging, and at last got his  head clear, and then barked continually until he summoned some stretcher-  bearers. These dug the wounded man  out of the earth, and he was take'i  eventually to Netiilly, where the  American hospital relaxed the rules,  so as to admit the dog as well as his  master. And the man is now recovering and owes his life directly to the  faithfulness of Fend l'Air.���������Field and  Fancy.  _  ^  Mrs. Rooney, on going over to Mrs.  Finnerty, found that lady had hung  some new lace curtains on the windows, and the floor was all scrubbed,  and everything cleaned up, so she  said:  "Mrs. Finnerty, 'tis not spring. Why  are you cleaning the house?"  "Ah, but thc boys are going to be  let out of Sing Sing tomorrow."  "'I he boys arc going to be let out of  Sing Sing' tomorrow, but tliey were  sent up for ten years, and it is only  seven now."  ' "Ah, yes, but each of them got off  three years for good behavior, 'Mrs.  Rooney."  "Ah, Mrs. Finnerty, what a blessing  you have two such good boys."  The molorbus stopped and the conductor looked earnestly up the steps,  but no one descended, and at last he  stalked up impatiently.  "Ere, you," 1 e said to a man oh  top, "don't you want Westminster Abbey?"  "Yes," was the reply.  "Well." retorted the conductor,  "come down for it. I can't bring it  on the bus for you."  American   Society   For   Prevention   oi  Cruelty   to   Animals   Issues   ���������  Leaflet  Timely advice is given in a leaflet  entitled "Hoi Weather Hints for  Horse Users," issued by the American  Society For the Prevention of Cruelty  to Animals. Here arc some of the  hints which might well be pasted in  the hat of every driver:  Don't overload the wagon.  Don't speed your horse.  Use well fitting, light weight harness, loose fitting collars and open  bridles.  On long hauls allows periods of rest  in tlie-shja.de. '  At the lirst sign of exhaustion stop  and bathe the animals head and heck  with cold water. (Here directions are/  given for treating sunstroke).  Allow a liberal quantity of clean  water to drink, provided the horse is  worked or exercised immediately after  drinking.  Carry a pail and sponge to frequently wash or swab the animal's nose,  mouth and face.  . Give a warm bran mash on Wednesday nights in addition to the one given  on Saturday nights-  ':-Avoid'all "grades whenever possible.  Relieve harness pressure from-  sores.  . Remove collar and shoulder pads  from harness every night, wash pressure surface with warm, water, ann.  soap and hang out in the sun to dry-  before putting- them on tho animal.  Supply two sets of pads for use on alternate days. If this is done sore conditions will be entirely prevented.  Feed properly, study the individual  horse and determine' just how much .  nourishment is required to keep it in  serviceable condition and health.  Don't underfeed or save on bedding,  blankets, shoeing, or employ incompetent help in order to save money.  Don't, practice a false economy,  which invariably results in weak,  lame, sore or enfeebled animals.  Plenty of light, fresh air, good food,  pure water and proper housing are as  necessary to the horse as they are to  Ihe human being.  Emerson on England  Mother of Nations, Whose Influence  For Good Will'Endure  I feel in regard to this aged England  with the possessions, honors and trophies, and also wilh the .infirmities,  of a thousand years gathering aroun.J,  her, irretrievably cannot bo suddenly  changed; pressed upon by tlie transitions of trade, and new and all incalculable modes, fabrics, arts, machines  and  competing  populations���������  I see her in dispirited, not weak,  but well rememLering that she has  seen dark days before;-indeed, with ;.  kind of instinct th.it she sees a little  better in a cloudy day, and that * .  storm of battle and calamity she has  a secret vigor and a pulse like cannon.  I see her in her old age, not decrepit, but young, and still daring to-  believe in her power of endurance  and expansion.  Seeing this, I say, All hail, Mother  of Nations, Mother of Heroes, with  strength still equal lo thc time; still  wise to entertain and swift to execute  tho policy which the mind and heart  of mankind require at the present,  hour, and thus only hospitable to the.  foreigner, and truly a home to the  f.houghtful.and generous, who are born  in the soil.  So be  it!     So  let  it be!  Lcrd Haldane as "Chain Smoker"  "Two ounces of tobacco a weelr  which Dr. Davies, medical officer ol.  health ��������� for Woolwich, thinks h  enough for the average smoker, would  not satisfy more than 10 per cent, ~f  my customers," says a well-known tobacconist in the London Mail.  There are "ch.-.in smokers," who  light their cigars or cigarettes continuously from the dying glow of the  last. Lord Haldane is said to be a  "chain smoker," and so was Kins  Edward VII. Edward Ray, the golfer, smokes one ounce of tobacco a  day, and never, he declares, has he  regretted it.  Rescued  "After the last or.c of the trawler."  had been bombardal by il-inch shells  and was burning furiously, there appeared on the deck a white dog. Our  officer immediately ordered a boat'.;  crew out, and, at considerable risk,  the animal was taken off. It Is with  us still."���������From the Standard.  Breaks the Silo Record  So far as is lmown, the silo whici-  John Edwards, who lives near Englc-  wood, Kan., is building will be "tlu;  largest in the world. Jt will be fifty  feet high, fifty feet across and fiftee;;  feet in the ground. When completed  it. will hold 2,500 tons of ensilage. Mr.  Edwards owns 10,000 head of cattle.���������  Kancas City Journal.  A  IS THE    SUN,    CJKAND    FORKS,    B.C.  13 no more neccsiary  ttianSmallpox,  Army  experience b*s demonstrated  the almost miraculous effi-  Racy, and hurmlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vacctsutcd NOW by your physician, you and  your family. It l.i more vital than house Insurance.  Aslc your physician, druEEtet, or jend for "Havo  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine,  adults from use, and danner from Typhoid Carriers.  Tlie OJTTEtt LABOCATORV,  BERKELEY, CAL.  PI0DUCIN4 VACCUEI ������ OiSUUS UNDED. U. S. COV. UCEM1S  As you would tiny other  household commodity���������with  an eye to full value.  When you buy EDDY'S  Matches you receive a generously filled box of Sure, Safe  Lights.  Ask For  Our Great Water Powers  Silent Parlor Matches  New and Second Hand Safes  ' Some fine new and second-hand  Safes, ���������- Cash Registers', Computing  Scales,'etc, cheap. F.;H. Robinson,  50   Princess street,"Winnipeg.  Setting  Aside   Large. Forest  Reserves  in Canada to Protect Rivers  In the annual report of thc commission of conservation for the past year  it is shown that very' earnest effort  are being made to protect many-of the  important   rivers   in   the   country   by  setting aside large areas about their  water heads us'permanent forest reserves.   The action of the government  in  this connection is  worthy of com-  mendiition.   It'is a matter of common  knowledge that the equalization of the  flow of rivers is largely dependent on  thickly wooded lanes.   Apart from the  menace to rivers from devastated forest lands, is the fact that the land itself���������especially if in mountainous regions���������is  often  reduced  to  perpetual  barrenness   by  the  washing  away  of  soil  owing  to  the  removal  of forest  cover.    Whole  districts on  the western slopes of the Alps have been ruined in this way, and hundred of farms'  have entirely disappeared. Widespread  devastation from this cause was also;  seen in China, where the wood cutters  in search of fuel for the dense population;    completely stripped  the ".'forest  cover from  the  hill  slopes  over  immense areas which now are' deserts-  This destructive process is going forward very rapidly in the southern ap-  palachiau region of the United States.  The loss is estimated at some tan millions a year.   According to experts-a  Held lying at an angle of twenty degrees, -can be ..totally destroyed, having all the soil washed off after a hundred  ploughings,  and it is estimated  that in Kentucky, where cultivation is  scarcely more than a hundred years  ; old, one-tenth  of the arable soil has  been destroyed and. that a considerable  portion of this cannot be restored in  anyway. ,   '  A warning is issued that this danger is threatening^on the mountain  slopes in British Columbia. A strong  ge  Nervous, sick headaches tell  of exhausted nerves, and warn  you of approaching- prostration  or paralysis. By enriching tlie  blood l)j\ Chase's Nerve Food  restores the wasted nerve cells  and thoroughly cures headaches,  sleeplessness ami other nervous  disorders.  CO Cents a Cox, nil Dealers,  or  Eilinanson, Bales & Co., Limited,  Toronto.  ������?gw?graBM,ffMJMaw:M^ly^^^^^  MOTHERS!  Don't   fr.;i   to   procure  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOUTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children    While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Gums,  Allays the Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  is   the  rhoea.  Uesl  Remedy  for Infantile  Diar-  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTLE  Great js the Tin Can  -  "      '.���������:'       ��������� ���������     .        .   :���������/.������������������  Not   Only   Does   It'.Weil   Serve  Civilization,   but  Sets   Civilized   Man  Apart From Barbarian  The tin can is the Emblem of civilization. Its 'absence, says World's  Work, defines the savage. Its use sets  apart from barbariaus; the modern,  forehanded, sanitary man. It is civilization's defence against the leanness  offlean years,and against the attacks  of i carnivorous germs.  It is important, therefore, that one  of the .most completely exhibited  things at the ^Panama-Pacific Exposi-  plea  is  made  that  the  sides  of the fti01? ?'t San Francisco is the tin can,  mountains    shall not  be depleted of   hoth in its manufacture and m its use-  their forests either by the axe or by  fire. Fortunately a vivid interest has  now been awakened in Canada in the  preservation of the forests.���������.Montreal  Family Herald.  Newspapers As An  Advertising Medium  plain  Talk  From  a  Man Who   Knew  thc  Business  "Present-day newspapers are a better advertising medium than-ever before. "They have a more gripping national power, a power that should  be studied by every thinking advertiser," Joseph H. Finn, of Chicago, told  delegates attending the annual convention of the Associated Advertising  ��������� Clubs of-the World.  Mr. Finn spoke of the "Newspaper,  the Advertiser, and the Advertising  Agent" .He declared that advertising  is the news about merchandising and  that there was nothing closer to the  hearts of, the'reading public than the  ���������'live news concerning buying opportunities." ���������  "I -believe in tha efficiency of  Newspaper advertising," said Mr.  Finn, ''because I have seeu what it  can do in such a variety of. lines, covering such a. divergency of propositions, that the possibility of luck or  accident must be eliminated from  consideration-  "It is thel paper which publishes  the true news that pays the advertiser  best," the speaker said.  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  fry' local application*, j.3 Uicy cannot reach tha dfc.  Cued port lea of tho car. There la only ono w������y to  iure'deatncM. tnd that Is by conitltutlon.il remedied.  Deafness ti causod by nn Inflamed condition of tha  mucous llnLis oi tho Eustachian Tube. When this  tuba !* Inflame 1 you havo a rumblln; sound or Im-  perfict hearing, and when It Is entirely, closed, Deaf-  on* Is tha roau'.t, and unless the Inflammation can be  lakea out and this tube restored to Its normal condition, hcarlnj T.-IMbo destroyed forever; nine cssca  ���������ut of ten are caused by Catarrh, v.-hlch Is nothing  but nn Inflamed condition of tho mucous uurfKces.  We Kill give Oae Hundred Dollars for any ciso ot  Deafness (eaus-rtl by catarrh) that cannot be cured  ������T Hall's Cttairh Cure.   Send for circulars, free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO.; 1'ol������6a, ft  Xotd by DnisTbtii, 76c.  S&kt Uj.ll'> Family PUIS fur mastication.  Nearly all children are subject to  worms, and manyare born with them.  Spare them suffering by using Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator, the best  .-ernedy of the kind that can be had.  War -Pictures Barred From Ontario  No war pictures, real or. faked, can  be' presented by the "movies" in Ontario. This is the decision reached by  the provincial board of censors, who  have been in communication with the  militia department. Pictures of  troops marching, with bands playing  and colors flying, are permitted, but  ill films professing to represent the  jhastly scenes of actual bloodshed���������  the large 'majority of which the censors have ���������reason to suspect are  -'faked"���������will not be permitted. The  order necessitated the recall of certain war scenes alleged to be reproductions of. happenings in Belgium.���������  Toronto Glbb3.  A Word to Manufacturers  Is the mercenary instinct to rise  above patriotism? All Canadian manufacturers should be thinking ahout just  now is how to help the empire and do  their bit toward crushing the Germans. If shells can be better made in  England than in Canada let them be  made there. If Canadian labor can be  employed to greater advantage in Fng-  land than in Canada, while parts of  the empire are straining every nerve  to respond to Lloyt. George's call for  more munitions, then let it be employed there. It wiH be time enough to  think of proiits when the war is over,  and we are placing new industries on  a permanent basis. Away with the  dominance of the almighty dollar!  While Canadian blood- is being spilt  abroad wc at home should be thinking  of sacrifice rather than gain.���������IJaruil-  ton Spectator.  It has been improved in the last ten  years. The top and bottom are no longer soldered on���������th^y are crimped' on,  so that no corrosion can result from  acid contents. ��������� ���������,  ���������".  Cans are now sealed in a vacuum,  so that no bacteTial change can be set  up" within'. The processes in these directions have been vastly improved.  Aud the machinery for' maki.rg cans  and the machinery for filling and sealing them have been perfected until the  process in each case is now a continuous process, and a process wholly  mechanical, in which the workmen  share with their hands only to pull  ;vers and adjust apparatus.  C.N. Main. Line Ready by September  "The main line of the Canadian  Northern Pacific .railway will'.be.-ready,  for operation by September," declared  Sir William Mackenzie in an interview. "Satisfactory progress is being-  made in the work of providing the  necessary station and terminal facilities," he added, "and we expect that  by the autumn improved ���������conditions of  business will allow the inauguration  of a train service of a permanent character.  "I would get up and give you my  seat, miss," said thc ruddy-faced .man  ���������in tho crowded car, "but I don't feel it  to be my duty, I am old enough to be  your father."  "You hold your age and your seat  remarkably well, sir," replied the  young woman, grasping a strap as  the car lurched.  Tou say you have no references as  i cook. - How is that?"  "Well, you see, mum I've always  stayed in wan place until the people  Jied." *     ,  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  A Precent-Day Miracle  Sir William Lever, the millionaire  soap manufacturer, tells about a  rather uneducated man who came  out of .church one day very much  impressed with what he had heard  there.  "A very extraordinary thing," said  he to a friend. "I have heard this  morning about how Lot's wife looked  back and turned into a pillar of salt."  "That's nothing!" answered thc  friend. "The other day my wife  was walking up the "street when she  looked back and turned into a milliner's shop."  Exhausted From Asthma.���������Many  who read these words know the terrible drain upon health and strength.  which comes in the train of asthmatic  troubles. Many do not realize, however, that there is one true remedy  which will surely stop this drain. Dr.  J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy is a  wonderful check to this enervating ailment. It has a countless record of relief to its credit. It is sold almost  everywhere.  Mike (going down a ladder)���������Hold  on, Pat. Don't yez come on the ladder till Oi'm down. It's ould and  cracked.  Pat (getting on)���������Arra, be aisy. It  would serve th' boss right if he would  have to buy anew one.  DAINTY FOOD  Turns Pale Cheeks to Pink  A politician who was seeking the  votes of a certain community in Ohio  to the end that he might be sent to  Congress thought it worth while to  make mention of his huaible origin  and early struggles.  "I got my start in life by serving in  a grocery at three dollars a week, and  yet I managed to save," he announced.  Whereupon a voice from the audience queried:  "Was that before thc invention of  cash registers?"  W. N. U. 1063  Giving Proper Credit  Two Philadelphians were talking or  the fortunes of a third denizen of that  city when one said:  "His first lucky strike was in eggs.  Ho bought 10,000 dozen at a low figure, put them in cold storage and sold  them at u profit or more than liOO per  '.cent. That was the cornerstone of his  great fortune."  "Ah!" exclaimed the other. "Then  the hens laid it!"���������Harper's Magazine-  Our best physicians of the present  day seek to cure patients by the use of  food and right living, rather than  heavy drugs, and this is the true method, for only from feed can thc body  be rebuilt.  Many people, after living on poorly  selected or badly cooked food for a  long time, and when their ailments become chronic, expect the doctor, with  some magic potency, to instantly rebuild them.  This is not possible. The only true  method Is to turn as quickly as can be,  from poor food to good. A young lady  says :  "I was variously treated for my  lurves, stomach, lungs, etc., but none  of the treatments gave me relief.  "About a year ago when my appetite  failed completely and I began to have  sinking spells similiar to fainting, I  took all manner of tonics and stimulants, but they were of no effect. I had  been brought to quit drinking coffee  and taking Postum in its place and  gradually began to get a little better.  "Someone suggested that if I found  Postum so beneficial f had better use  Grape-Nuts food, as they were both the  children of one brain. I commenced on  Grape-Nuts food for breakfast, having  Postum with it. I found thc food so  dainty, delicious, and appetizing that  [ always looked forward to breakfast  with pleasure.  "Shortly after commencing this diet,  the wretched pain in my side was  greatly relieved, and now, a year later,  it has gone entirely, also the sinking  spells; in fact, my pale cheeks have  changed to pink, I have gained back  more than the twenty pounds I lost,  and am thoroughly we'll in every way."  Name given bv Canadian Postum  Co.. Windsor, Ont. Head "The Road to  Weliville," in pkgs- "There's a Reason."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest.  Demonstration Conducted in North  , Dakota of Interest to Farmers  The agricultural extension department of North Dakota furnishes the  following , description of feeding  steers with roughage: '  The object of this trial was to  show what results could be obtained  in utilizing the rough feed grown  on the farms in carrying out a systematic rotation of crops, including  corn and alfalfa. Thc manure produced to be returned to tho farm.  The cattle were bought at South  St. Paul, Nov. 5. 1914..-They were not  of extra grade, costing $5.So per  cwt., and averaging 775 pounds, or  ?4'j-.jjS per head. The cost of buying  and shipping out was a few cents  more than ?2 per head, and the cost  of shipping back and selling a little  less than $?������, making the total ex-,  pense out and back under ?5. They  were shipped back to South St. Paul  and sold May 31, 1915.  : Twenty-six . head of the best finished of. the two cars, averaging 1,054  pounds, sold for $8-35, wjjich was the  highest price paid that day, and 22  head, averaging 1,067 pounds, brought  $7.65. This made an average of 8c  per pound and an average weight of  approximately 1,060 pounds,' or $85  per head.  One car of these cattle was fed on  the farm at Aberdeen, South Dakota,  and the other at Grand Forks, North-  Dakota. They were fed piratically  the same feeds, but the Aberdeen  load was fed grain a little longer and  showed .more finish. They were a  little lighter than .the Grand Forks  cattle, but more of them sold for the  lop price.  From November until ..January  these cattle were fed corn fodder and  some alfalfa and other hay. The  alfalfa was not very good as it was  thc first year's crop and had a good  many weeds in it. From January on  they were fed silage and some grain.  We began by feeding ear corn then  ground the corn, eob and all. Later,  we shelled the corn before grinding,  and added barley or speltz, about  half inrt half, but did not feed heavy  of grain. At no time did we feed all  the grain they would eat���������twelve to  thirteen pounds per head per day  being the most we fed. They were  fed all the silage they would eat,  which was about 20 pounds per head  per day.  Our records show that the 25 head  at  Ahfc-d^eii,   i".  aiTtrful  hay-and  were fed 215 bushels of corn which  was ground, cob and all, 50 bushels of  ground speltz and one ton of oil  meal.. This was all ground and  r-iixeu. Eighteen.: h,Oud "of hogs following the cattl'r sold for $253.  The Grand Forks cattle were fed  grain in addition to silage and hay  for 74 days, during which time each  ate approximately: corn, 12 bushels;  barley, 9 bushels; hay. 700 pounds:  silage, 1,000 pounds. Allowing market price for these feeds would be  about $20 per head (silage figured at  $4 per ton). In addition hogs followed these cattle, and there were  nearly 100 pounds of pork produced  for each steer fed. Further there  is in the lots manure to cover 20  acres or more of the farm.  As to the cost of labor, it was  necessary to have help on the farm,  and the cattle were attended to with  practically no additional cost.  While no attempt was made to  conduct this work in a scientific way,  nor to present the results as proving  any important facts, it is believed  that the demonstration indicates that  it is possible to grow corn and alfalfa, build straw shades and silos,  and not necessarily lose time and  money in building up our soils.  It may be added that every pound  of feed fed was grown on the farm,  that the cattle were not fed one feed  in a shed, and had only a straw shed  for protection. The alfalfa hay was  not first class, as it was largely  from first year's seeding. The silage  was kept in a pit silo, and the silo  was refilled in March with dry fodder, and water added. This silage  is practically as good as silage put  in last fall while green.  Remington Arms Plant  Is Not For Sale  Edition    to  silage,  some  corn  fodder,  I fell from a building and received  what the doctor called a very bad  sprained ankle, and told me I must not  walk on it for three weeks. I got  MINARD'S LINIMENT and in six  days I was out to work again. I think  it the best Liniment made.   .  ARCHIE E. LAUNDRY.  Edmonton.  No Amount of Money Which Anybod>  Might Offer Would Induce the *  Owners tj Sell  During the last few days there havo'  been very persistent rumors to the effect that Germany was seeking to purchase American ammunition - making  plants, not so much on account of any  shortage of ammunition for its own  armies as with a view to putting an  end to the tremendous shipments  which are going forward to the allies. The Remington Arms-Union '  Metallic Cartridge Company and the  Bethlehem Steel Company have both  been specifically named as objective  points of the German efforts.  But it now appears that there is not  the slightest chance of Germany securing a dollar's worth of interest in either of these two great concerns.  Mr. Samuel F. Pryor, vice-president  and general manager of the Remington Arms-Union ' Metallic Cartridge  Co., was seen today in regard to the  persistent rumors that have lately  been in circulation, to the effect that  offers made by a foreign government  for purchase of the properties of that  company were under considerations,  and that the additions to the Ilion and  Bridgeport plants, which are under  construction, are intended to be merely temporary and made only for the  performance of special contracts entered into and are not intended for the  permanent uses of the company.  ��������� "Mr. Pryor was very emphatic in asserting that there was not the-slightest'.-foundation for these rumors; and  he pointed out that one story.necessarily- destroyed the other, because, if.  a sale of the plants and properties  was made, the additions wouhl not  4je required for the purpose of enabling the company to perform its contracts for the supply of arms and ammunition.  Mr. Pryor stated that no sum which  might be offered for the properties  would afford the slightest temptation  to the owner to dispose of them and  thus prevent the performance of existing contracts. Mr. Pryor was equally  emphatic in asserting that the additions to the plants did not constitute  a mere temporary expedient, but were  largely made in accordance with tho  general policy of expansion adopted  by the company before the outbreak  of thc European war, and that this policy would not be interfered with even  if the war were to come to an end  tomorrow. The additions to the  plants now under construction, are  of the most modern type and of the  most substantial, durable and permanent character.���������Commercial and Financial World, New York, June 21.  The Oil of Power.-:���������It is not claimed  for Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil that it  will cure every ill, but its uses are so  various that it may be looked upon as  a general pain killer. It has achieved  that greatness for itself and all attempts to surpass it have failed. Its  excellence is known to all who have  tested its virtues and learnt by experience.  The following story was told at a  recent dinner of the Pilgrim Publicity  association:  "A farmer had twenty employees on  his farm, and as none of them was as  energetic as the farmer thought he  should be, he hit upon a plan which lie  believed would cure them of their lazy  habits-  " 'Men,' he said one morning, 'I have  a nice, easy job for the laziest man on  the farm. Will the laziest man stop  forward?" Instantly nineteen of the  men stepped forward.  " 'Why don't you step to the front  with Ihe rest?' inquired the farmer of  the remaining one.  "'Too much trouble,' came the reply."  Why Not?  Why cannot a unit of the red-coated "motilities." go forward with the  next contingent? A few hundred ot  them for a nucleus and a thousand or  two more fearless westerners would  rally to the standaru, proud of the  privilege of going to the front as a  Mounted Police battalion. With all  that has been said in song and story  of the R.N.W.M.P. surely this opportunity of upholding their noble traditions is not going to be allowed to  pass inactive. "The paths of glory  lead but to the grave." Give the riders  of the plains their chance now, or one  day it may be forgotten to erect a  monument to their memory.���������Reginu  Leader.  Sylvester Ward Divorced  Detroit, Mich.���������Sylvester Ward,  brother of the alte Montgomery Ward,  the mail order millionaire in Chicago,  was divorced by his wife, Minnie, in  Judge Sharpe's court on a charge of  non-support. She is 03 and he is C4.  The husband said he had only a life  interest in a property valued at $50,-  000. He will have to pay $30 a month  alimony.  WATERPROOF COLLARS  AMD  CUFFS   v  SoincUiirtp   better   than   linen   anil   biff  'mintlry   lulls      Wash   it   with   soip  It is  vented  motors  wireless.  reported that Marconi has in-  a   device   for   paralyzing   the  of  aeroplanes   by  means  of  ami  water.     All   stores  or  direct.     State  slyl*  tnd sizff     for Vic   we will mail you  THE  ARLINGTON   COMPANV   OF   CAMAD*  Limited 4t  S8 Fraser Aven'j*, Toronto, OnUartJ THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Wadding  Presents  Let us help you pick th'at  Present you care going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  A, D. MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS,'B.C.  oil)? <8rani3uirk0 Ifrm  G. A. Evans, Editor and Publisher  ' aUBSOKIVTION RATES .*  0*6 Year *}-58  tine Year (In advance)  LyO  Duo Year, in United States  l.oO  Address all communications to  The Grand Forks Sun.  I'honb K74 Ghand Kokkb. B. C  FOR $1250 PURS  Championship of World to Be  Decided at the Spokane  Interstate Fair.  v.������-K'*-'H*v( 1  FRIDAY.  SEPTEMBER  10,   1915  Without question the sixth  annual Grand Forks fair,  which opens on the 28th inst.,  will be the greatest drawing  drawing card the city has had  for years. While it is generally conceded that this will be  the case, every, citizen can  assist to make this event surpass all expectations, either  by making a display himself,  or by induciug others to exhibit, and by speaking a good  word for the fair whenever  and wherever possible. Entries close on the 25th inst.  That is the principal point to  keep in mind at present.  The date of the provincial  elections is still a mystery.  There appears to be a widespread belief, however, that  they will be pulled off" shortly  after Sir Richard's submarine  deal has been investigated.  The public will expect Sir  Robert Borden and Sir Sam  Hughes to take drastic measures against the propaganda  of Bourassaand Lavergne notwithstanding of the presence  in the ministry of Messrs.  Blondin "and Coder re or the  existence of political alliance  pacts. Sir Wilfrid Laurier already has denounced the Nationalist agitators publicly,but  Sir Wilfrid,not being in power,  can do no more. It is for the  government to act, and if Dr.  Blondin, minister of inland  revenue, and Hon. Louis Co-  derre, secretary of state, object, they should be put out  of the cabinet-���������Victoria Times   7>"  The Nova Scotians are the most  expert horsemen in the world.  Horses that served in the Crimean  war have been sold in that province  for army remounts. They are a  patriotic bunch in King county,  N. S.���������Slocan Record.  METEOROLOGICAL  Min.  Mao:.  Sept.   3���������Friday   .. 25  85  4���������Saturday   ..  . 48  88  :j���������Sundiy,   . 45  84  . 49  70  7���������Tuesday   .. 39  70  S���������Wednesday  . 47  66  9���������Thursday,..  . 48  67  inches  .. 0.12  MacDougall & MacDonald are offering some splendid suit values in  serges, tweeds���������811.70 np to $21.60.  ft would pay you to call and see  them.  M. McKay made a business trip  to Nelson on Wednesday.  The world's championship will be  decided in a relay race of four days to  be run off at the Spokane Interstate  Fair the week of Sept. 13 next, and in  addition the winning riders will divide  up a purse of $1250.  Some of the best relay riders of the  United States and Canada wttl compote, and entries are coming in daily.  The race will be for two miles a day  for four days, beginning on Thursday,  Sept. 15. Riders are to change horses  and saddles every half mile. They  must U8e regular western saddles, to  weigh not less than 25 pounds, and  must change and fasten same unaided,  at the end of each half mile. Thoroughbred and professional horses are  to be barred.*" The start will be made  from the ground, the horses to be  brought to starting post with saddles  on. Each rider will be allowed one  man to hold fresh horses and bridles  need not be changed. .The rider making the best total for eight miles wins.  Each rider must complete full two  miles each day, but in the event of  incapacity through accident a substitute rider will be permitted to compete that distance. No entrance fee  is charged aud no deduction will be  made for money winners.  Entries are received by Secretary-  Manager Geo. ]'. Larson, Chamber o'  Commerce Buikliiur, Si-okanc.  The members of the Independent  Company of Rifles will parade  to Holy Trinity church next  Sunday evening and attend divine  service in a body.  Harold D. Smith, of Herold D.  Smith ife Co., Vancouver, dealers in  electrical fixtures, was fined 825 in  the police court on Wednesday for  trading in th^1 city without a licens'.  The customs authorities on Wednesday seized two live cattle which  had been brought across the line by  a man named Fedenberg, of Dan  ville. The animals were subsequently released upon the required duty  being paid.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix.to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January.   42,211  February      63,091  March  69,948  Agril  85,382  May ....100,693  June.  103,004  July   .101,058  August... 103,062  Total.... ...668,449  STRAYED  Strayed onto my premises,  one black year-old bull,branded X on left side, and left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within thirty clays  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  Aug. 28, 1915.  James A. Harris.  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairingof all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  RCMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  '..sVC _���������  ���������=$������ ...  "Donner unci blixen! What a bill Franz Josef and Abdul will ..have to pay."  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  HANSEN 8 CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait G  oai a  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  .TaiiErnoKKs; ������������������'.������..���������'������������������.  Office, RK6 ffp<?t StFPPt  Hansen's Rksidenck. R38 nl ��������������� ou ccl  Yale  Barber Shop  Kuzor Ffontng a Specialty.  E. C.   HENNIGER  WILL SELL, YOU  Our Best Flour, 100 lbs  .$3.75  "     oOlbs    2.00  Alberta Flour. 100 lbs '   3.50  50 lbs     1,85  The name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street        .   Grand Forks. B. C.  FORKS MEAT 1  SECOND STREET/NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  P. A.  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotkl, Fihst Strekt.  White Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st  and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made  four   an tries  and wijii   2nd   cock,  1st cockerel, 1st  hen,  Is-t pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are S2.00  for 15, and special prices ' given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated  up   at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  EgL's.Sl.00 for 12.  B.B.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS  B. G  rospe-ctors  When doing that work in Franklin and  Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet JQm Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries,  Boots,   SKoes and  Dry   Goods,  Hardware.   Prices very reasonable  Quotations  on  request.  THOMAS FDNRLET, Prop.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  odel Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  iw^wkmm  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is tlie brightest  paper in thc Boundary cou .-.try  The weekly market will    be   held  on   Second street,   between    Bridge  8treet nnd Winnipeg avenue, tomor  row forenoon.  THE  LONDONPIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Kimliles traders   throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in euoh class of goods. Besides being 11 complete commercial guide to London ami Its  suburbs, tlie directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Oolonfitl  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  utul indicating the approximate Sailings:  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of loading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns nnd Industrial  centres of tho United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be f.jr-  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Po*tnl  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlurger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  '25, Abchui'ch Lane, London, E,C  ..������������������������  V THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C  A Bad Thing for Canada  ��������� In an interview with a Montreal  newpaper D. A. Thomas, who was  sent to Canada and the United States  by the British war' office to oversee  the placing of orders for munitions,  said:  "There is more 'politics' in Canada  at the  present time than there is in j  England, arid it is   a  bad   thing   for  ��������� Canada.     Big political interests here,  at the present juncture, who are  inti-'  mately connected with manufacturing  concerns, are out after orders. Orders  come first���������the   making of munitions  being a secondary   outcome.    It  is a '  bad thing for Canada." ' I  This   is   a  scathing  iudictmont of  Canada, notwithstanding the moderate  language used by the speaker.     It in  dicates    that   with   "the big political  interests" to which  Mr.   Thomas   referred pocket still comes ahead of  patriotism.    We   understand    peafectly  well what he meant when he, said "it  was  a   bad   thing for Canada."    He  meant that when a country was dominated by interests  which had no soul  . above  greed   and   averice its welfare  was menaced more vitally from within  than   it   could ��������� be   by enemies from  without.    The reflection   that   brave  Canadians are giving  up   their   lives  at the battle front  for liberty, justice  and    humanity,   while  conscienceless  interests Bie grafting at home   out  of  the very things they   require to  fight  **>5*J������I'*'S*****************000  1 SOME OF THE DAILY  o o OH-fr-H-** <H'*******"M'***,H;  I SPOKANE!  Monday, Sept. 13.  Opening   Day   Parade,   headed   by  Spokane Ad Club.  .  Live Stock Demonstration by Northern Pacific Railway Experts.  ��������� Automobile Races.  Carnival and Night Show, "The Battle of Armageddon."  Tueoday, Sept. 14.  Live Stock Demonstration.  Judging  Contests   begin;    continue  daily.  Automobile Races.  Big    Night    Show ��������� Living    War  Drama.  Wednesday, Sept. 15.  Spokane and Children's Day���������Special  i     ." Program.  Live Stock Demonstration.  Poultry Men's Convention.  Work Horse Parade.  Harness and Running Races.  First Day of Relay Races.  Athletic Contests.  Spelling Bee.  Carnival and Night Show.  Thursday, Sept. 16.  Fraternal  Day.  Grange, Farmers' Union, Traveling  Men, Shriners, Fraternal Orders, T,a-'  with  is  heart-rending. .It would be  well for Canada indsed if the criminal  proceedings beginning at Winnipeg  followed   the   trail   of    the political  X  ooo***********************  bor  Unions,  and  all  other  organizations. ,  Inland Empire Swine Breeders convention. . ���������  . Live Stock Demonstration by Northern Pacific Experts.  Running and Harness Races.  Second Day of Relay Races.  Night Show,  Carnival-and  Special  Stunts.  Friday,  Sept.  17.  Derby- Day.  Spokane Derby, and other running  races; also Harness Races.  Live Stock Demonstration.  Holstein   Exhibition   and    Auction  Sale.  ��������� Third Day of Relay Races.  Night Show and Carnival.  Saturday, Sept. 18.  Pioneers' Day.  Parade  by Pioneers,   Indians,   and  Civic Bodies.  Live Stock Demonstration by Northern Pacific Experts.  Special Race Program.  Finals of Relay Races.  Night Show and Mardi Gras Carnival.  grafter in the whole country from  uC3an to ocean, and there are many  things more improbable than that this  will be the case.���������Victoria Times.  PRIZES FOB VEGETABLES  AT GRAND F  All potatoes to be exhibited in apple boxes. . Said  boxes to be filled.  All roots and vegetables must be clear, sound and  properly washed aud dressed; undue dressing will disqualify.  Class���������Section B,        ' 1st 2n.'  115    Potatoes, Highland Lassie  ������1 00       % *j(  Business Men Who  Advertise Are at  Least Enterprising  They spend money* to  let you know they" want  your trade. And when  business msn say the})  want your trade the}}  will try* to satisfy those  who trade with them  116  117  118  119  120  121  122  123  124  125  126  127  12S  129  130  131  132  133  134  135  136  137  138  139  140  141  142  143  144  145  146  147  148  149  150  151  152  153  154  155  156  157  158  159  160  161  162  163  164  165  .166  167  168  169  170  171  172  173  174  175  176  177  178  179  180  181  182  183  "  - Cream Eye   "   Early Rose....":   "   Burbank    "   Wee McGregor   '���������   Early Six Weeks    "   Early Burpee   '���������   Early Ohio...:'   Potatoes, Gold Coin   "     ' Carmen No. 1...   " Delaware   "        Moneymaker   '���������        Irish Cobbler '.   "        American Wonder   " Largest   .. "      - Any other variety named..  "        Any other variety from im  ported seed   "        3 best Commercial variety..  Turnips, 6. any variety, table   Carrots, 6, Shorthorn   6, intermediate    Parsnips, 6, any" variety   Artichokes, 5 lbs, any variety   Cabbage, 2 best Conical   " 2 best Plat......:.....      2 best Ball    .   11 2 best Savoy.   .........  '������������������'���������, 2 best red.   Brussels sprouts, 3 stalks   Caul i fio wer, 2 heads   Onions, Yellow Globe Denver, 12. .  Redv Weathersfield, 12.   11 Australian Brown, 12   " Pickling, 1 quart   "        bestcollection,! 2 each variety  Peas, 5 lbs unshelled    Beans, 1 quart in pods,-Yellow   ���������'       1 quart in pods, Green..   Corn, Sweet, 6 ears  ..  Beets, 6 long     "     6 globe....-   Celery, 6 heads..  White    Celery, 6 heads, Yellow.... ���������..  Lettuce, 6 heads, open '.   " 6 heads, closed   Radish, 12, Long   "        12, Turnip ......  12, Winter   Squash, 2, Hubbard   "        2, Golden Scalloped   '*        2, heaviest   ���������' 2, any other variety   Pumpkins, 2, best pie    "        2, largest....   Vegetable Marrows, 2, Yellow   " 2, Green....   Tomatoes, 12, Smooth   12, Ribbed   "        collection, 6 each variety..  Cucumbers, 6, Garden   12, Pickling   Melons, 2, Water   "        2,  Musk ;   Citrons, 2   Peppers, 6, Red   _    "      6, Green   Kale, 2 heads   Herbs, best collection   1st  Rest collection of table vegeta-  bles,distinct from other entries,  not less than 10 varities nor  over 20 varieties, same all to be  correctly named 810  1 00  ���������I 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 GO  1 00  100  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  3 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  100  1 00  100  1 00  1 00  1 00  ioo  1 00  A 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  100  100  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  i oo  I 00  00  00  00  00  100  1 ou  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  00  00  1 00  1 00  100  2 00  50  50  50  50  50  50  ���������50  50  50  5u  50  50  50  50  50  50  ! 00  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  50  1 00  2nd       3rd  ������5 00      83 00  1st  2nd     3rd      4th  Class���������Section B.  184 Best individual display  from one ranch, including fruit, vegetables,  flowers, dairy products,  grains, grasses, etc $75 00 $50 00 $25 00 $10  ow  o  More Victories Are  W on by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  c^Apply thip to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more reswtful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to '  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand or lis and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your  Position in Business  bySTEADFASTNESS  IN ATTACK  f?  The wan  orks rv  THE    HUN,    GRAND    FOURS,    B.  .- \  ifaAMAjuwaAAMAt&MMaa&oa J Eradicating1 the Sow Thistle  Prompt Relief���������Permanent Care  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS never  fail.   Pur<  able���������act  but gently  the liver.  Slop aft  dinner  distress���������  cureindi-'  gestion ��������� improve  the complexion���������brighten  the eyes. Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  &&FSW5mKfflWffffi&m&  1$  FREETO ALL-SUFFER!  If ymlfeoroUT Of SORTS''Ill'S DOWN' 'HOT the lIMJJiS'  lurPEK from kidney, ui.aduek, nekvous diskases,  CHBOSIC WKAKXI!3S,i;i.CF.RS.SKIN EKL'PTIOSS, PILES.,.  writs for FrtEE ci.otii BuL'N'u medical hook on  timsc liisfuie*: auil \vosm;KFtfl. cures effected by  THEPJcWFRIiNCM REMEDY. Wol IM������2N.3  tho romeily for VOUH own' ailment. Absolutely FREE  f.'o'follow up circulars. No oltli-'ationa. Dlt. LnCLKrtC  MKI) CO.IlAVEIISTOCK RD.MAMCSTKAl) LONDON,ENO  WS   WAHT  TO  J*K0V1S   HIZKArJOS  WILL CUKE   TOW.  Canada's Shell Production  American   Paper  Says   Canada   Holds  the   Record   Ror   Rapid .Work  The American Machinist, an American technical''journal, explains with  admiration, in its current number, the  work of the Canadian shell committee.  Two hundred Canadian shops are producing munitions of war. They aro  thoroughly organized into a great manufacturing unit, in which each plant  produces its specialty, and depends  on other apparatus elsewhere, in the  "way that one department depends on  another' in a large factory. The shell  committee, comprising expert managing engineers and military men, assembled the means and now run the  production of munitions.  "The thing has been done so quietly," says the American Machinist,  "that but few have the least idea of  its magnitude. We have looked upon  the United States as being the home-  of the excessively large industrial undertaking, and the place where great  schemes are carried out so rapidly  that the process resembles sleight of  hand. But when it comes to a general  average number of plants, number of  employees, geographical location, and  shortness of time available for organization, we must take off our hats- to  our Canadian neighbors and admit  ,they hold the record."  A prominent citizen of Winnipeg  who recently visited Ottawa, says that  he was informed by some manufacturers that the shell committee, organized by General Hughes in September  last, of which committee General  Bertram is chairman, that Canada is  turning out more shells than all manufacturing establishments in Great Britain, exclusive of the regular shell-  making firms���������all of which goes to  show Canada's resources and adaptability. If our manufacturers will  only bend their energies to increasing  their output, not only in munitions ot  war, but in other lines, and put all  their efforts into the upbuilding of  this country there will be no doubt  about Canada's future.���������Winnipeg  Telegram. ^  Good  Results   of   Road   Motor  Along  Lines  of  C.P R.  Tbe C.P.R. and the government of  have   formed   a   part-  particularly aggressive  the eradication of sow  other  noxious   weeds,  o tbe railway company  Saskatchewan  uership for a  campaign for  thistle     and  Some time as  approached the government with a  proposition to the effect that they  would furnish a gasoline road motor  ami a man to drive it if the government would supply a weed inspector  to travel on this road motor along  their lines to look out for noxious  .wee'dst , .       .  Noxious weed seeds are very freemen tly carried in cars from one  point to another and dropped about  stations and in front of elevators,  and "from these points of vantage  thev spread to the surrounding districts. , .  The railway company further assured the government that every section foreman and his gang would be  at the disposal of the weed inspector,  not only for the destruction of thc  weeds found on each trip, but also  under his direction would keep a  sharper lookout for a recurrence of  these weeds anywhere along the  .company's lines of rail.  The work has been going forward  for some time, with splendid results,  and the department of agriculture and  particularly Chief Weed Commissioner Thompson, are very enthusiastic  about this'methocl of getting after the  weeds. Quite a number of small  patches of sow thistle, for example,  have been found at stations when  none can be located in any of the  fields near the station, and by destruction of small patches, there will be no  danger of the contagion spreadiug to  the surrounding farms.       ��������� .    .  The fact that the section foreman  and his men will be poste~d on what  are noxious weeds will be a great assistance to the farmers along their  particular stretch of road, as they  will often be able to help the man  out who is not sure as to the character of plants that he may find in  his crop. ���������   '���������  US  Instant  Relief  Paint on Putnam's  Extractor tonight, and  corns feel better in the  morning. Magical tho  Putr.am's" ease3 the p?in, des-  the roots, kills a corn for all  No pain. Cure guaranteed. Gat  a 25c bottlo of Putnam's Extractor ���������o*  day.  way  troys  time  Call for Patriotism  nn  ulcers  Lord Roscbery on Bitter Account of  Days to Come'.-',-."  In picturesque phrases Lord Rosebery, speaking at Bath City Council,  dealt with the world tragedy of the  war. Even Bath, the sunny splendour  has over it. said his lordship,  of Bath  the circle cloud,which  is overspread-  Relief For Suffering Everywhere.������������������'  He whose life is made miserable by  the suffering that comes from indigestion and has not tried Parmelee's Vegetable Pills does not know how easily  this formidable-foe can be dealt with.  These pills will relieve 'where others  fail. They are the result of long and  patient study and are confidently put  forward as a sure corrector of disorders/of the digestive organs, from  which so many suffer.  A Home on Wheels  Why suffer from corns when they  can be painlessly rooted out by using  Hoiloway's  Corn  Cure.  "The Eldest Child of Liberty  What is more natural than that the  destroyers of Lou vain should menace  the historic treasures of the aga-old  homes of romance and freedom at the  head of the Adriatic. But those to  whom such things appeal cannot fail  to note with something akin to pleasure that after long years "Venice, the  eldest child of liberty." is once more  in battle array for liberation, is one  of the points from which the greatest  of all struggles for the freedom of the  spirit of man is being waged. Venice  popularly dates its foundation from  the inrush of thc Huns. And in succeeding years the Venetians were in  the vanguard of all the great battles  against oppression- The Goths in Italy  and the Dalmatian pirates knew thc  prowess of their swords; the Crusaders sailed from their harbors; Constantinople and the Greek empire with  it, crumbled, largely before their arms,  and the years of combat with Genoa  left them masters of the Adriatic.���������  Ottawa Journal.  AII-SteeT Colonist .Cars of the C.P.R..  ���������   Are Comfortable and Absolutely  Safe  The all-steel colonist cars built by  the C.P.R.   fill  the  bill to a nicety.  On    the    long journey    to the west,  uese cars have to be eating and  sleeping and living rooms combined.  They must have cooking conveniences,  for one thing; and there is always  more or . ss danger when several  people are using the stove-,that accidents may happen. For that reason  alone, the all-steeL car comes in handy,  as there is absolutely nothing to  burn. Well, there are the cushions on  the steel seats; but they could not do  much harm even if they did taka  fire. The seats, floor, roof, sides���������  every bit of the car is of steel. The  fire stoves are fixed to steel frames.  Every detail has been carefully  thoughout. The cars fill a much  felt want, being as they are, roomy,  comfortable and safe, while for three  or five days, the life is lived as it  would be in a permanent residence,  with hardly an oscillation to remind  one that the cars are on the rails,  and Uiat they are running at the rate  of 40 miles an hour.  ing ali/the world. Think what a vast  ghastly 'whirlpool'this war is; how,  beginning with five of the greatest nations in Europe, it is gradua|ly; sucking in all those who would even willingly remain outside-���������first Japan,  than Italy. It does not seem  that the Balkan' States will long be  able to,refrain from joining in a war  which must ultimately settle what is  called the Near Eastern question, and  which, if they do not join, may be  settled to their disadvantage. The  U-ited States seems to' be hovering  on the brink, though that country is.  so remote-that: it, may well be spared  tha agony of these days. Wherever  you raise you eyes you see this war  is gradually attracting���������-sucking in���������-  every nation, however much it may  wish to remain outside.'. There, .is  something else���������it must suck in. our  young men. I am bound-to say that,,  walking about Bath, I see many  splendid young fellows dressed in  khaki, but many others, equally  splendid, equally rejoicing in youth  and strength���������vain youth and futile  strength unless it be employed for  the country. I have seen many others  walking about in civilian costumes  who would be infinitely improved both  physically and morally if they were in  khaki. I do not presume to judge any  man, whether-he be old or young. The  man who does not realize that if he is  not helping the state in some way at  this moment is;falling criminally short  of his duty. The man who does not  realize that, in the long days to come,  when peace has been achieved,- will  have a serious, a bitter, a tragic account to render to himself. If these  young men could look a little further  than.their foolish noses and see,; Britain after the peace, when their brothers .who have fought aud suffered are  coming back amid the gratitude of the  nation, crowned with laurel, to their  homes'. What will their position be  then? Slinking, in a corner, trying in  vain to conceal the fact that they have  never served, never fought, and never  sbed a drop of blood, or, perhaps, a  drop of perspiration, they will be hapless, miserable and disdained.  BASY'S GREAT DANGER  DURING HOT WEATHER  Canadian Made Goods  up  Minard's  ���������Cows.  Liniment  Cures  Garget in  Tramped Seventy-five Miles to Enlist  Tom Hardy and Tom Spiers, two  husky prospectors, tramped seventy-  five miles over the roads from Kocky  Mountain House to Calgary iu order to  enlist in the Canadian forces. ".Mercenaries" the German newspapers call  them. A few more "mercenaries" of  the sort who charged the Teutons at  St. Julien and the critics will be hunting for cover somewhere.���������Morning  Albertan.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dusfand WfoiJ  quickly relieved by Murln*  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  ,.      ���������       , Just  Eye  Comfort.    At  Your Driifffrut's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eyo  SalvcinTubes2Sc. ForDooholfhcEycf'rceasJc  Druggists or Marine Eye 2craedy Co., Chicago  W. N. U. 1063  Manufacturers  Should   Put   Goods  to  a Standard That Will  Make  the Trade Mark Respected  A successful lady farmer in Manitoba  writes us as follows:  "I see Mrs- Violet McNiuighton of  S..skatoon is in doubt as to the "Made  iu Canada" campaign, and I think  there are many others in the same  fix. To whose advantage is the "Made  in Canada" movement? It seems to  me that there must be a weakness  somewhere, on the manufacturers'  side when they make such an appeal.  The Canadian people arc loyalty itself  and don't need such advice or prodding up from the manufacturers. If the  goods are what they are represented  the pepole will buy them. Let the  manufactu ens show as much loyalty  and come out bravely and say: Here  we have been basking in the sunshine  of tariff protection long enough, hard  times are here and we are willing to  forego some of our big profits and let  the other man have a chance. But we  don't see them showing their loyalty  thus. To me the 'Made in Canada'  smacks too much of the 'Made in Ger-  mai.y' idea, and everybody knows  what rotten stuff has been dumped on  the world's markets by the Germans,  for many years. Why not 'Canadian  made' and put goods up to a standard  that will make the trade mark respected thc world ever.  "Jt is really the people who pay the  tariff extras, for the manufacturers  have all put up the price of their  goods lo cover it. So that's where  the manufacturers give a big donation  to the patriotic funds. It is the people  who should have the credit���������not I hem,  "Let the manufacturers give us true  value for our money, and there will  be no -need of spending $25,000 in  boosting the 'Made In Canada' good3."  More little ones die during the hot  weather than at any other time of tl.e  year. Diarrhoea, dysentry, cholera  infantum aud stomach troubles come  without warning, and when a medicine is not at hand to give promptly  tlio short delay too frequently means  that the. child has passed beyond aid.  Baby's Own Tablets should always1 be  kept.in homes where there are young  children- An occasional dose of the  Tablets will prevent' stomach and  bowel troubles, or if the trouble comes  suddenly the prompt use of the Tablets will cure the baby. The Tablets  arc sold by medicine dealers or Ly  mail at 25 "cents a box from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., ��������� Brockville,  Ont.  Canadian Fruit Trade  /"At the Canadian Fruit Growers'  conference held at Grimsby last September, Mr. J. A. Ruddiclc, dairy and  cold storage commissioner, stated that  he had taken a period of five years  and that he had found the importations of apples from Germany to Britain varied each year from 5,000 to 14,-  000 bushel boxes, from Belgium from  100.000 to 500,000 boxes, from France  from 50,000 to 575.000 boxes and from  Portugal from 175,000 to 350,000 boxes.  Of pears the importations varied from  ���������1,480 to 56,000 bushel boxes from Germany, from 262,800 to 508,480 boxes  from Belgium and from 422T440 to 506,-  160 boxes from Portugal. Large quantities were also imported from the  Netherlands which may not be available- Mr. Ruddiclc prognosticated an  increased demand for dried and evaporated fruit from Great Britain for use  in the army. In 1!)13 Canada exported  of this  line   to  thc United   Kingdom  121.1 S3 pounds, to Jvewfoundland 10,-  SD!I pounds and to Germany 247,802  pounds. Of course the trade with  Germany will be cut off but the expor-  tatinns should expand in other directions.  Minard's  thcria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  A countryman in Savannah observed a gang of convicts laboring on the  streets, each wearing a ball and chain.  He asked one why the ball was  chained to his leg.  "To keep people from stealing it,"  said the man. "Heap of thieves  about."  We gazed pityingly on the listleso  drug store clerk leaning against tin  soda counter.  "Haven't you any ambition?" we  queried kindly and all that.  "iN'o," he replied, with brightening  intelligence: "but I have something  just as good."  Young'Men Should Not Fail'to Recognize the Seriousness of the War  In asking  why  Canada  should  not  have at least a  quarter- of a million  men    in training for the emergencies  of the  future, Rev. Dr. 1-lerridge declared that "many of our youth have  r -t yet seriously considered whether  they cannot do something directly or  indirectly to strengthen our resources  in this  epoch-making hour" and that  there were some "by whom, whether  through; dullness or indifference, the  call of patriotism has-been so far disregarded and private interest held of  greater, moment'.than the public weal."  It is impossible not fo be impressed  with    tha   apparent   truthfulness   of  these assertions.   There seem, indeed,  to be many young men in this country .who view the struggle of the nation without seeing its relationship to  themselves.   Perhaps this cannot correctly be put down to indifference, because  it is hardly possible that any  Canadian could   be indifferent to the  outcome    of.  the  war, but there are  thousands of young men who    seem  not to have thought of taking a part  in the .war.    The "call of patriotism"  has not reached them.  In  Ottawa,  for instance, there has  brisk    recruiting   for the over-  forces,    but hundreds of young  of military age and physical  [it-  are still going about their regular occupations   and   sports , .vithout  even attempting to prepare themselves'  for the emergencies of the future. The  least.they might do is take advantage  of the opportunities being afforded for  securing  some   military  training,   so  that if the call is more insistent later  on they will be in a position to answer.  'The reason for the apparent apathy  on the    part of these young men  is  perhaps that they have failed to realize  the  seriousness  of the  war with  respect to Canada.    The    fighting    in  Europe seems a long way: from this  country.'. Yet; there    is little excuse  for. such lack of understanding.    The  fate of Canada would be too cruel to  contemplate should    the Teuton  barbarians gain the mastery in this war.  It is only by men and munitions that  the    Germans can    be defeated    and  Br.'tain and the world saved    from a  calamity   such   as   has   never   before  threatened, and Canada has hundreds  of thousands of men who have not yet  prepared to do their bit. Even though  they may not be wanted yet, they will  be doing a service if they prepare for  the time when they may be wanted-���������  Ottawa Free Press.  Use of Fertilizers  been  seas  men  ness  Should   be   Used   as  an   Adjunct   Only  to  best System  of Maintaining  Fertility  There is a great tendency where the  use of fertilizers is begun to continue  .their use year after year on the same  land without adopting other means  of maintaining productiveness. A  man finds that fertilizer will bring a  good return and he will keep using  it year after year without crop rotation, growing one grain crop after another. Such a use of fertilizers is  disastrous if continued, because under  such a system the humus is rapidly  exhausted in the soil, with the result  that the soil becomes compact, loses  its friable condition, and the yields  decrease in spite of the fertilizer.  Fertilizers alone will not maintain  soil fertility. They should be used  rather as an adjunct to the best systems of maintaining fertility than can  be practised. Used in this way there  will be no injury to the soil, and if  intelligently applied there will be very  good profits.  The only man --'ho can afford to  use fertilizers on grain crops year after year on the same land is the renter or temporary farmer who cares  nothing for the future of the soil. To  be sure, it requires a number of years  of such continued use before, the effects become apparent, and it may be  justifiable for a man who is just beginning, and who must meet his payments on tho land, to practice such a  system for a few years, but it should  not be. continued long. The only proper iu;e of commercial fertilizers" is in  connection with the best system of  crop rotation, of legume growing and  of'humus building that, a man caa  practice.  Brain Amputation  One of the. wonders of surgical  science has been performed in a  French military hospital where a  wounded soldier has had a sixth of  his brain amputated without missing it. Tlie patient was carried in  witli:a penetrating wound in the  occipital region .of the cranium.  Splinters of bono had caused an access to form in the left cerebral  hemisphere. These were removed  by Dr. A- Guepin, surgeon-in-chief  to the hospital, but. a fresh abscess  formed, and Dr. Guerpin was obliged on two occasions to amputate  portions of the brain which protruded frcm the wound. The patient  thug'lost at least a third of the left  hemisphere, but shows no special  signs of trouble, either of motivity.  sensibility., or ideation.  Sleep is the greatest nourisher ot  infants, and without peaceful sleep the  child will not thrive. This cannot be  got if the infant be troubled with  worms. Miller's Worm Powders v/ill  destroy worms and drive them from  the system, and after\vards the child's  rest will be undisturbed. The powders  cannot injure the most delicate baby,  and there is nothing so effective for  restoring the health of a worm-worn  infant.  Rivals  Knicker���������You have a boy in college  and a girl -cultivating her voice?  Becker���������Yes, and I don't know  which- has the better yell.���������Brooklyn  Life.  "I want you to distinctly understand. Emil, that when your colleague's wife has a new hat, I want  one, too."  "Calm yourself, my dear. We've settled it between us. .You're neither of  you going to get one-"  Russian Jews in Difficult Position  Russian Jews who arc residents ot  France are' -in a difficult "* position.  Most of them' are political refugees  and as such are unable to return to  Russia. Since they are not naturalized  French subjects they are unable to  serve in the French army, but the  police regulations provide that if they  are subject to military duty they must  render it. In this connection the Petit  Parisien publishes a statement from  the Ministry of the Interior and the  Prefect of Police which says:  "If through their own volition'.they  are not serving anywhere their placa>  is in the strangers' detention camps.  As every one in France does duty no  privileges can exist for Russian Jews."  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc  Sir Edward Grey is the only member of 'the cabinet formed by the late  Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman ia  1905 who has served continuously in  the same office from that time until  now. '-.  Mean  Graft  Canada's war contract scandals ro*  mind us that the grafter and the vulture never rise  above    their natural  instincts.���������New Y'ork Press.  They're worth trying always.  Eat  p 1 e n t y���������  Little  M Midd  CANADA  a  -.���������'ii  n  n  i  1  #  i  i  i'i  4  1 THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  tf  DR. ELIOT ANALYZES THE TEUTONIC EFFICIENCY  Denounces the German System of Education, and  says   that  the  People  of Germany are Ignorant of Political Freedom  as   the  Anglo-Saxons  Know  It  Dr. Charles E. Eliot, president emer- .is not made by the child, but for him.  Itus of Harvard, has published a striking arraignment of Germany in "The  Road Toward Peace." In. this lie  elaborates views which since the beginning of the war he has contributed  to several newspapers, and. includes  his corresponde-ice with Jacob H.  Bchniff; which considered means by  ���������which"peace might be brought about.  Tne most interesting and authoritative chapters in the book are those in  ���������which Dr. Eliot analyzes the boasteu  German' efficiency, and finds it worthless except; in a very limited extern.  He denounces the German system ;of  education, and says that the people  of Germany are ignorant of political  freedom as Anglo-Saxon countries  know: it. He reviews the great discoveries and inventions of the past hundred yfiars, and find's that German/  has contributed little toward them.  She has produced nonDarwin, no Pasteur, no Cavour. She has not created  much more tlyin the Japanese, but like  the Japanese,: she has proved to have  marvellous gifts as an adapter of  great ideas born in other."countries-  With the opinion of a noted German  statesman that the Germans are "political asses" he heartily, agrees. :; It  ���������was -their ignorance upon this point  that explains the numerous mistakes  they made when calculating uporuthe  effect of. thev war upon Great Britain.  Nor is it the ignorance of the German  masses he considers but the ignorance  of their leaders. They had all the facts  .before them, but they could not make  the deductions. They did not know  how free people value the sanctity of  a contract. "Nothing could be franker," he writes, "than the original explanation which the German chancellor gave of the breaking of-treaties  concerning Ihe neutrality of Belgium;  but his frankness is evidence that he  did .not'understand in the least the  freeman's idea' of the sanctity of contract���������the foundation of all (public  law and usage in a free country. In a  country despotically or aristocratically ruled thero is'no such condition of  public opinion."  As regards German efficiency Dr.  Eliot writes:  "It is an efficiency which takes hold  of every child in Germany at birth  and follows every youth and every  man and woman through life until  death- It is that very efficiency whish  has prevented the last two generations  of Germans from knowing anything  about liberty. It is in the highest degree an autocratic efficiency in all  walks of German life, including education and the relations between the  sexes. The whole course of elementary  and secondary education for every  German boy or girl is determined by  the government, and there is no election by the pupil in it, no choice by  the child, except in its later stages  the choice between a technical school  or a gymnasium, and often that choice  German efficiency, however, is a very  real and formidable thing in all.the  competitions of the civilized world;  so that the most interesting thing to  bestudied as to the probable outcome  of the European war in this:���������is Germany with its autocracy more efficient  or less efficient than France and England .with.tb.eir liberties? The German  way of procuring industrial and commercial efficiency is to make each in  dividual man in the lirst place a man  well trained for tlie exact service he' thought they saw in it a cross and the  Superstition   Pervades   All   the   European Armies  The tale of the tri-color star has  not only gone the rounds of France,  but has crossed the frontiers and been  spread among tlie barbarians, according to' testimony I have just_ received  from a person interned in "Germany  for u while but now set at liberty.  This witness, who belongs to the  civil population of a locality invaded by  tho Teuton hordes, has just told me  that a German major confided to him  that he no longer expected victory for  the kaiser's armies after seeing in the  sky,--a star with the colors of the  French flag, whereas in 1870 a sword  was seen, and he added that this was  not an optical illusion, as others besides himself had. seen the same  thing!  ���������Really one would think we were still  in-the Fifteenth Century. In 1466 when  Halley's famous comet spread its long  and brilliant tail above the terrified  armies of Mahomet IL,and Pope Cali-  xtus   III.    the    Mussulman    soldiers  TIME   IS   CERTAIN  TO  WEAR OUT THE GERMANS  is to render and then to keep him under a severe discipline which will re-  stilt in hie doing every time exactly  what he has been trained to do."  He denies that this wonderful efficiency has produced anything to compare with what has been produced in  liberty-loving nations. Efficiency has  produced an efficient Germany, it has  produced nothing for the world at  large. He ' finds that Britain, the  United States, France and Italy have  produced nearly all of the great ideas  and the great inventions .in the past  hundred years. In fact, Germany did  not invent much more than Turkey-  He considers it to be a remarkable  fact that systematic education of the  whole people has been carried on fc-r  one hundred years "in Germany, while  the free nations have been withoui  this system. Nevertheless, despite  this system, Germany is a political ignoramus. He believes that the reason  is that the German system; has' not  enough freedom in it. The German  educational system and all German efficiency might be likened to the complete apparatus of the telegraph, lacking only the electric current.  A few days ago Dr. Eliot expressed  the opinion that prayers for peace  would not be answered, and that, those  outside of Germany who uttered them  were traitors to the great ideals for  which the allies are lighting. In his  book he says that he does not believe  there will be any peace until Germany  is utterly smashed. "One cannot conceive of Germany admitting her defeat  until she- has: exhausted her supplies  of men, nicney and food," he' says. He  goes on to say, "Fortunately from our  point of view there is no more resolute  or dogged people in the. world thanthe  English, and we remember in that connection with satisfaction that many of  us are of English extraction." He says  that a new France has emerged from  this war,"a sober and serious France,  and he believes that the war will-mark  a great epoch for the Russian people.  They will win through it greater liberties than they xaiglit have expected  from a century of peace. . Dr. Eliot  has no doubt as to the result of the  war. He hopes and prays that the  United States will not be drawn into  it, and adds, "but that escape will be  jguc to the fact that Russia, England  and France have succeeded in defeating Germany and Austria-Hungary."  A German Romance  Long Trip of German Submarines is a  Myth  A recent story, much featured in  Berlin, has described"'������he trip of German submarines from Wilhelmshaven  to Constantinople, via Gibraltar  Straits. This is said by the British  naval authorities to be. an invention.  A British naval officer is quoted in the  New York Times as saying:  "That story was given out because  the German government wished to  impress the'United States with the  idea that its submarines could easily  cross the Atlantic and destroy shipping on this side in the event of'a war  between the two "countries. The Germans have established a submarine  base and factory on the Bosphorous  near Constantinople, and are turning  them out there in the same manner  as they have been doing at Zeebruggi,  in the North Sea- Thc parts for the  submarines are manufactured in Germany and sent by rail to Constantinople, through Austria, Roumania and  Bulgaria. The h.st two countries are  Bupposed to be neutral, but many  things can be accomplished for a  price, and the Germans have had no  difficulty in getting the big packing  cases containing tlu sections of thc  submarines through. Naturally, the  allies had to withdraw their battleships from the Dardanelles when the  submarines arrived on the scene."  Increased Production  Christian soldiers thought    they saw  in it a yataghan.  It is true that since the war began  curious coincidences have favored certain legends, not only in Germany, but  in all countries.  The announcement of the eclipse of  the sun, which took place on August  21, aroused lively apprehension among  the Russian peasants inhabiting the  zone of totality, who already at the  beginning of July considered this astronomical phenomenon as a sign of  war. .  On the other hand, at the moment  when the allies were saving Paris  from the defilement which the troops  of Von Kluck threatened to bring upon it in the early part of September,  a pretty comet shone in the heavens  at night, every evening more beautiful  and more brilliant. At once the populace, whose attention it attracted, associated it with the battles and it received the name of the "war cornet!"  Nevertheless this ethereal voyager already had wandered in our skies for  a year, having been discovered on December 17, 1913, by the astronomer  Delavan, at the observatory of La  Plata- But its visibility to the naked  eye at the seat of war caused an  imaginary role to be attributed to it.  Then there was the passage of Mercury before the sun on November 7,  1914, which the superstitious considered suspicious, as well as the mysterious, messages received from space in  the form- of shooting stars, one of the  most curious of which was that-which  fett in England on October 13, a celestial bomb weighing thirty-five pounds!  Another 13, that of January, 1915,  was more prophetic still. It was marked by;the earthquake in Central Italy'  ���������rather ordinary from a geological  point of view, but the intensity of  which ;was greater . than generally  known, since the proportion of victims  rose to 90.94 per cent, and even ninety-nine out of one hundred in certain  localities.���������From the European Edition of the New York Herald.  Was a Considerate Shell  First it Set Fire to Cabin, Then Burst  Water Pipes and Extinguished it  A curious story is told of the ill-  fated Triumph's first attack on tho  Turkish forts. In the course of a furious bombardment at close quarters,  the range at one time being no more  than fifteen hundred yards, a shell  pierced the" Triumph's quarter deck,  setting fire to the woodwork iu and  about the captain's cabin. But thc  same shell had the presence of mind  to burst the bathroom water pipes and  thus extinguish the flames it had just  ignited.���������London Chronicle.  "My man, where did you become  such an expert swimmer?"  "Why, lady," responded our hero,  modestly. "I used to be a traffic cop  in Venice."  Dominion Government is to Appoint a  Commission  A royal commission is to be appointed by the government to investigate  the question of increased agricultural  production in the Dominion, together  ivHh ihe related questions of wider  markets, further employment for tho  unemployed, etc. The commission,  which is to be appointed at the recommendation of the prime minister, and  in response to a request made by the, Pi0ts  Congress of Mayors which visited the ^^^  capital some weeks ago, will be authorized to employ such scientific and  professional assistance as its members may determine. Its duration  shall be during pleasure, and it will  make interim reports from time to  time-  A minute of council has been issued  outlining the reasons for the appointment of the commission and the questions which it is to consider. In connection with opportunities for -increased agricultural production, the  following considerations are advanced:  (1) Improved methods of production with a view to a hotter return to  the producer; (2) assisting this purpose by proper instruction and demonstration; (3) increasing tlie acreage under production; (4) attracting  monstration of a type which would aid  in increasing a large and permanent  agricultural population; (f>) stimulating and encouraging co-operation  among Che producers; (G) providing  cold storage and abattoir facilities.  The minute of council setting forth  reasons calls attention to the desirability of manufacturing products into the  form in which they will be consumed,  commends the principle of co-operation, asks for consideration of unemployment problems and of Ihe employment of soldiers after the war, and  concludes with this expression:  "It seems reasonable that under the  conditions which have developed during the past six months opportunities  will arise for widening and extending  our markets, to the advantage not  only of Canada, but of thc countries  and communities with which trade  may thus be extended."  "Was the dog mad that bit the  children who were teasing him?"  "I think the animal was somewhat  I "ivoked."  Care of School Gardens  How to Interest Pupils in the Care of  .  .the Gardens  Many teachers find it very hard to  have the work- carried on in the  school garden during the holidays.  When they arrive back at their school  in September the lot is usually a mass  of weeds. The Agricultural Gazette,  in offering some suggestions, states:  "All work should be done in duo  season, so that at vacation time the  plants will be well advanced, entire!-'  free from weeds, thinnca out when  necessary and properly cultivated.  An interest may thus be created that,  if only directed wisejy, will remain in  the minds of most pupils, who will  solve the 'weed problem' during vacation;  Many children regularly visit their  during the vacation and keep  in condition. Some are driven  by their parents, who also become  interested, and at their regular visits  to the village store or postoffice, make  trips to the school plots as well.  "Trustees of many schools meet on  Saturday afternoons and round up  the village children to accompany  them to the school grounds and perform the necessary weeding, etc.  The children's plots (of many of  these schools), furnish sufficient flowers for the Sunday services throughout the summer.  "A janitor of a village school, who  is generally hired by the year and  employs his time during vacation in  cleaning and repairing the ' school,  should be interested in the grounds  as well and act as a leader of the  children. In some schools, committees are appointed for each week of  the vacation, and each committee in  turn is held responsible. This plan  works well in town schools, where  many children go camping for part of  the time."  Sir William Crooks Speaks   Confidently About the   Prospscts of  Victory  in  a  Long   War, and Says There is no Need of  Fury of Attack, but he^who Hangs on will Win  The London D0ily Chronicle prints  an interview with Sir William Crooks  by Harold Begbie, in which the scientist gave his views o^ tho war. He  said:  "I think we started badly; we were  certainly not as well prepared as Germany. I do not,know that anybody can  rightly be blamed for that state of  things. We have done very well considering, and 1 am inclined to say that  as regards that part of the work in  which I have been able to render the  authorities-some" help," this country  will very soon b^- on an equality with  our foes. There is; no need for anxiety,'certainly no need for panic.  "It looks as if it will be a long war,  but the longer it lasts the stronger  will be the power of the allies. We  must simply set ourselves to wear out  the Germans. To do that we have only  to press steadily and quietly forward  on our road.  "We have not got to take cities and  execute wonderful marches. .'. All we  have to do is to go on with our absolute and unquestionable duty of  thinning the enemy. We must stay  long; we must sap him; we must  weaken him at every point; we must  destroy him by inches. After that  we can enter his country and do what  we like with  it.  "A great thing for men to 'convince  themselves of is that this war will  be won not by fury of attack and not  by gallantry, but, simply by hanging  on. He who hangs on longest will  win, and a man need not think very  profoundly to assure himself that,  whereas'.-"we"'can hang on almost indefinitely, the Germans cannot. Every  day might be called a victory for tli i  allies.   Time fights'for .us." ,. ���������  Asked his opinion "on the employment of asphyxiating gas, Sir William  said:  "On the whole, I am against its use  by the allies. The Germans have gone,  to the devil to help them. I don't liko  to think that we, with our just cause,  should go to the same source for assistance, but I can see the justice or  argument in favor of employing gas.  We in England, I believe, have now  made our preparations in' this respect  and it rests with the authorities to decide whether our troops should be supplied with such.a weapon. If it is possible, 1 should like to. win with clean  hands.  "We must destroy -the Germans.  There can be.no other end for civilized  mankind.! take it the Germanempire  will fall into its original parts; it will  be left with no power of attack; it  will never again be an organized machine for world mastery."  Mr. Begbie .referring to Sir William's vigor and intellectuality at the  age of So, says Sir .William was conscious in himself of .no change of faculty during the last thirty or forty  years. He can work as hard, see as  well, hear as-well, bear fatigue as well  and is just as interested in life now  as he was then. ��������� IndeeJ, he is inclined  to doubt whether he was aware in  himself of any physical inhibition for  more years than this-  "I feel," he. said, "very much as I  felt '���������'when  35 years  old."  Begbie adds: "We were speaking of  eyesight and he showed me a miniature dictionary, the pages of which,  were perhaps the breadth of a six  pence. I could distinguish not a  single letter* not even the capitals at  the top. I put on;glasses, but tho  words were still a mist. Sir William  gave me a magnifying glass and I  could then just spell the words, but i e  took, this tiny book out of my hands  and, without glasses, read aloud and  quite quickly three or four words with  their definitions in much smaller  type."  Will Free Turkish Slaves  The  Veiled    Women  of Turkey See  Their Freedom Ahead  When the allied fleets began bombarding the forts of the Dardanelles  the sad-eyed, silent "women of Turkey  smiled behind their veils���������for they  saw liberty ahead.  To the hidden women of the harem  the overthrow of the country will  mean to"a great extent freedom from  customs, centuries old, that have  made slaves of them.  They hope that the degrading life  of the harems will be done away with  ���������that the;- will be allowed to become  something" more than the playthings  of men and the hearers of children.  Since 1908 a sullen spirit of rebellion has been growing stronger than  ever before among 'Jurkish women  Protests that in these modern times  they should have to submit to such degradation have been whispered in the  closely-guarded women's quarters of  thousands   of  Turkish  homes.  For a while after the downfall or  tin old sultan, Abdul Hamid, their  hopes ran high, for then they were  allowed to discard their veils and go  out in the streets with their husbands  and brothers.  This good fortune lasted but a short  time, then the constitution was revised, and although a deputation of women waited on the ministers of the  capital, the latter would not give official sanction to their discarding the  veil.  Since then a little progress has  been made, but the majority are still  slaves. In some cases the bars are  gilded, but neverthelss they are prisoners.  Until the time she is 12 years old a  Turkish girl enjoys much the same  freedom as her little sisters the world  over. She can romp and play and go  to parties, but on her 12th birthday she becomes a woman, dons a veil  and from then on is a priosuer of the  harem.  She must spend her time in closely-  guarded rooms, smoking, reading,  drinking coffee and gossiping.  Here are some of the things she  cannot do:  Go out of doors unless heavily veiled  and guarded by male slaves of her  father or husband.  Go lo the theatre or restaurants.  See the man picked to be her husband until after she is married to  him.  Play outdoor games or indulge in  outdoor exercise  of any  kind.  Write or receive letters without hsr  husband seeing them.  Use fur or any other kind of trimming on street garments.  Lock the doors of her own room.  She is never safe . from the prying  eyes of male salves."-  While Turkish girls are usually  made to marry after they are 12 years  old, some are forced into marriage at  an earlier age.  Bulletin on Cut-Worms  Annual Loss Occasioned by These Insects  in   Canada   is   Enormous  Farmers, market gardeners and  others who cultivate the soil will be  pleased to know that the Entomological Branch of the Dominion Department of Agriculture has issued a 31-  page bulletin (No- 10) on "Cut-worms  and their Control," prepared by Mr.  Arthur Gibson, chief assistant entomologist. In the introduction it is  stated that cut-worms as a class rank  in importance with such well-known  pests as the San Jose Scale, the Codling Moth and the Hessian Fly, all ot  which are among our most destructive  insect enemies. There are certainly  few insects which, year after year, inflict such widespread damage as the  varicus caterpillars, known commonly  as cut-worms. The annual loss occasioned by these insects in Canada  amounts to hundreds of thousands of  dollars. In the bulletin the methods-  of controlling cut-worms are discussed fully. Under "Preventive Measures" the value of clean cultivation is  referred to, as well as the placing of  bands of tin or paper around plants  which are set out. "Remedial Meas-  sures" include descriptions of various  poisoned baits to destroy the cutworms, directions for the making of  proper furrows or ditches to prevent  the advance of armies of cut-worms,  etc. Fifteen common kinds of cutworms are described in popular detail  and much information given on the  habits and life-history of the various  species.  The bulletin is fully illustratr-d, tho  figures being clear and veil chosen.  Alto;.etber there are 20 illustrations  of cut-worms, cut-worm moths, injury  to plants, etc. Copies of this new  publication may be had free of charge  on application to the chief of the  Publication Branch, Department of  Agriculture, Ottawa. Inquiries regarding these insects, or other kinds  should be found to be injuring crops,  should be addressed to the Entomolo-  gis', Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  VARffinE  An investigation conducted by the  seed branch shows that about sixty-  so-called varieties of corn are grown  for ensilage in Ontario-and Quebec,  and many farmers do not know what  variety they are planting. Late varieties are being used in districts where  they will not mature one year in five  t j the glazing of thc grain, which is  thc necessary condition to make sweet  ensilage. Some ordinary feed corn imported from the Central and Southern  States is used for seed. Most of this  is of a late variety entirely unsuited  to Canadian conditions, and is often  injured by heating.  The following recommended varieties of corn, are arranged in order of  their maturity: Quebec Yellow, Longfellow, Stand ford or North Dakota, Compton's Early, Golden  Glow, Early White Cap, Wisconsin No-  7. In selecting varieties for our northern districts, later-maturing, heavy-  yielding varieties may be better planted on a warm, sandy soil than on a  cold clayey one. Tho proper maturity is essential to high quality ensfl-  age, ami this should lie aimed at even  although an increased acreage is needed to give tho desired quantity.  "Lift Up Your Heads"  Wc have nothing liere to do with  slackers, but only with our Britisn  soldiers, who have gone readily to tho  help of the Lord against the mighty.  They may not have thought much of  their danger, but they knew their danger; they were prepared, as they said  themselves to do their "bit of work,"  and to risk the sacrifice of their lives;  and their wives, their mothers, their  fathers, their sisters, joined In the  sacrifice, not, perhaps, without apprehension, but wit iout any attempt to  turn them from the perilous road. The  spirits of our fallen warriors would  turn from us if their death brought  dismay or cowardice to our souls. Let  no man or woman think that the losa  of life is fruitless, or that our soldiers  have fallen in vain.���������Inverness Cou������  ier. t ("nJtjr *i *6*"=*ic,i.t'irfi4ii_-,3  u iJixiK.xJi������vj*.>x-TZii~*:>**Mr>*r������,.  THE   SUK,    GRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  WS OF THE CHI  li. A Brown returned on Satur  day from a prospecting trip to the  upper North Fork country. He  brought back some very rich specimens ot ore which he says he found  somewhere in the wilderness. He  does not intend to make any loca-  'tions until conditions improve next  ppring, however, as he considers  that the find is perfectly safe where  it is.  over the eye develops so that it can  be cut away, the sight will lie; restored.  Five men from Green wood enlisted this week in the Independent  Company of .Sharpshooter.--- fo.r overseas service.  Tom New by came down from  Gloucester camp on Monday. He  ports that the Granby company  now has a force of seven men at  work on the property recently bonded from himself and associates, and  that ore is being taken ont and  placed on the dump ready for shipment.  James Scott'is busily engaged in  curing his tobaoco crop, grown in  his yard back of his pool room near  the C.P.R. station in Columbia.  i\Jr. Scott had a very good crop, the  leaves of the plants being excep  tionally lirge He s>iys hn intends  to demonstrate that tobacco can be  successfully grown in this  valley.  Mr. Dixon, of Greenwood, who  has the contract for finishing the  cement sidewalk around tin new  post office, was in the city on Monday looking over the ground.  J. E. Thompson, of Phoenix,  Liberal candidate for member of the  provincial house for Grand Forks  riding, visited the city on Wednesday.  Snm Wick wire, of Greenwood,  is visiting friends and relatives in  the city for a few week*.  A business meeting of the executive of the Grand Forks Agricultural  ���������association was held in Secretary  liaddeti's office on Wednesday evening, wheti matters in connection  wi h the forthcoming fall fair were  considered.  Happy   is  the   man   who   is too  busy to make enemies    Also scarce.  Men. call and see the sample? of  fall suits MacDougall & MacDonald  are showing Thev are readv tn  take your mensure for any kind nf  a suit you desire Rp wisp, men:  call here for vonr suit. - Remember,  the early bird catches the worm.  Mrs. 0. Hewer ha������ returned to  the city after spending a couple of  weeks at Christina lake  For   Sale���������Plorpe, harness,  rmgsv  and cutter.     Apply N H. Morrison.  Geoige Gowlnnd, formerly manager for P. Burns tt Co. in this city,  has moved from Port Alberni to  Victoria.  W. J. Penrose  and   familv    havp  moved from Portland, Ore., to   Vic  toria.  Mrs I. A. Dinsmore, who has  been spending the summer in this  city, left this week for Saskatoon,  where she will remain dunng tlie  winter^montha.  MacDougall & Macdonald have received a shipment of smelter gauntlet gloves, sealskin faced. The glove  for the smelter. Only Si.25, SI 50,  81.75 a pair.    Call and see them.  Robert McMillan, who met with  an acctdent at the Granby smelter  some time ago, has lost the sight of  one eye. It is thought that when  the   cataract   which is now growing  A meeting of the shareholders of  the South Yale Copper companv  was held in thi^ citv on Wpdnesdav,  when   the   recent  action of the ex-  E.W.Barrett  o4uctioneer  Soils Anything, Anywhere, Any Time.  Stocks a Specialty?  GRAND   FORKS,  R C.  Men, We Claim  We Have Better  Vaiues Than Any  Store in Town  OneGli  Will  mpsc  Convince You We  Have the Goods  MacDougall 8  MacDonald  At MacDougall & MacDonald's. Remember, we are tlie Working Man's Friend  when it conies to men's goods. A visit to our store any day will convince you that  our prices arc the lowest and.quality is unsurpassed. Now, men, this ad. is printed  solely for your benefit, so come.    Bring your friends and share in the values.  Read, Heed, Then Buy"  en s  working.  4.00, 4.;")().  Sh  See these lines.   Good  OC?S  strong heavy shoes for  Blacks: all   sizes:    Prices,   ������3.25,   n.7.">,  9    f\ Qf All the lines of Diess  CO S  DreSS  5hOeS   Hoots in   blacks,   tans;  all sizes.    Prices, $4.50, 5.00, 5.50, 6.00 a pair.  9 ���������[L������ *. M.en, our shirt stocks are coin-  ell S dnSrtS plete. See our line of flannels,  duck, tweeds: all colors; the real working shirt; all  sizes.     Prices, 05c, 85c, .$1.00, 1.25, 1.50.'  1V1 Vll b XjLUV&b of gloves; also gauntlets in-  various kinds; the real kind for the working man.  Prices, 65c, 85c, $1.00, 1/25, 1.50, 1.75 a pair.  Men's Sweaters l^n8^'^  thc evenings are getting cool.    Wc have  them  in ���������  all colors and weights, all sizes.  Prices, $1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75 2.00, up to 5.00  our  new  suits   iii  tweeds,  serges: all  sizes.   Prices,  $11.75,   12.50,  13.50, 18.50.  Now is Underwear time. See the lines of Fleece-  lined at 50c a garment. Pen Angle lines at 05c, $1.40.  1.50, 1.60 a garment. Balbriggan only 00c a suit; Unshrinkable at $1/25 a garment; Union Suits from $1.25,  1.50, 2.75 a suit.  MjAtVg   QnitG   We have opened  up  ������11 b   O 111 lb  stock  of men's   fall  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  L  ecu live  in   voting  to wind   up the  affairs of the company was   ratified.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  NeW HameSS harness i4pairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  ecbe  ^^%  $  r&'l Fib i-'Rt  Here We Are!  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family"  98I.BS V  ~    ���������'  .i������mi  ~"  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     PorriogeOats  "     Ferina  "     Graham  WholeWheat  ti  (i  a  tt  tt  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale b$  JOHN  DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Men, see the neat line of sweaters  MacDougall & MacDonald are showing for fall. All weights and sizp=;  81.00, SI 25, $1.50, SI 75, S2.n0  up to 85 00.  Death of C. H. Carbaugh  Cal elf H  Carhaugh, aged 62 years,  died at the Collate hospital" on   Fri  day, September 3. , Tbe funeral was  held at 10:30 Monday morning from  Cooper's undertaking parlor, interment taking place ir. Evergreen  cemetery.  Mr. Carbaugh came to Grand  Forks about five years ago from Alberta and purchased a small ranch  two miles east of the city. On this  land he has  since made   his  home.  tives in this country, but it is supposed that two of his sisters are living' somewhere in the states. For a  year past he had been in poor  health.  Men, talk about snaps in shoes!  MacDougall & MacDonald have received a shipment of tans, blacks,  assorted sizes.  Regular S4.50, 85.00;  going For'S2.40,'������2.90'ii   pair.     Call  As far as is known, he has   no   rela-1 early and have the best pick.  ������&3������1225E^S^^������aE������S3EBBaP''&2gSS^  Our Classified Want Ade. will  pilot the ship of business to tho  snfo harbor of commercial prosperity. Pooplo read the "Artlclos  for Salo" ads. If you havo something to sol) tcil them, about It.  Ono larso machinery firm In  Toronto has built tip Its business  by uslnft CJosolflod Want Ads. exclusively.  Z^W&l&teh  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY;  A CAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  , Which will be sold at a  close  price, for  cash or approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0. BOX 610  sass1*  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  frnf) PER ACRE���������Tlie old firuhom rnncli of  iP^U 812 acres, at Ciisciidii, cmi be purchased at $20 pur acre, if taken at once. W.  K. Kslintj owner, Rossland, B. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKHS WANTliD ns iiprcnts for our hijrli  tirade bicvrles. Write for low prices to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCLE WORKS, VICTORIA, B. C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE your repairs to Armsoii, shoe ro-  ! puiror. The Hub. r.ook for the Bij?  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  nnd    KaiiKUs.    K. C. Peckham,   Secondhand Store  FOR RENT-HOUSES  G'OOU   five room  house: two   blocks   from  I    post office.   Apply this ollice.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  First and  Main !  Grand  Forks,  B. C.  J. R. MooyboerFiret and Main sts"  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP


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