BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Sep 1, 1916

Item Metadata


JSON: xgrandforks-1.0179656.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0179656-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0179656-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0179656-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0179656-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0179656-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0179656-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 RT  i  i5tiS^5!r������tS!Iji-Jfci>T!i^ ���������*"���������*���������*"  ojiwi *-*j_������al*.r*?*^tJi j-  if  It  I  c  Ketd'eWrftay  .���������-.:���������  -1  hardist  HFTEENfTH YEAR���������No.  M  3  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  SESSIONS OF  spsct soon it would be necessary   to  hold a tax^sale this fall.  Aid. McArdle gave notice that at  the next regular meeting he would  introduce a  bylaw   regulating   pool  rnoiriH and other  places  of  atnuse-  ������������������������ i . .  , merit.  Pool Room Bylaw Hoisted for  Two Weeks to Gain More  Information  The regular meeting of the city  council on Monday evening was  shorter than it usually is and Dot a  great deal of important business was  transacted. Mayor Acres and Aid.  Allen,  McArdle,   McCallum, Schoit-  ��������� ter, and Sheads were, present  E. Vant, of Vant Bros., addreBaed  the council and asked permission to  erect. a 20x40 coal shed near tbe  Kettle Valley depot. On motion of  Aid. Sheads and McArdle, the request was granted,provided a building of good -appearance, with galvanized iron roof, is erected, and  provided also that they obtain the  consent' of the property owners  within   100   feet  of  the   proposed  >'-* building.  Charles Bickerton asked the council to mow the baseball grounds and  to sprinkle the diamond on the  morning of the 8th inst., when the  Spokane Indians will pay a local  team here. The request was granted.  * A petition for city water, from E.~  J. Jones, in the Ruckle addition,  was referred to the water and light  committee.  The chairman of the water and  light committee reported that the  matter of providing better fire protection for tbe school house bad not  yet been dealt with. ���������  On motion, Mr. Quinlivan was  appointed inspector of dairy barns  and buildings under the provisions  of the milk vendors' bylaw.  Aid. McArdle was granted leave  to introduce a bylaw regulate pool  rooms and other piaces of amusement.    The bylaw was read for   the  ' first and second times, and then the  council went into committee and  adopted tbe first three clauses, after  which the committee rose and  asked leave to sit >again. This action was iaken in order to give tbe  members an opportunity to gain  ruoie information on the subject.  The main provisions of the bylaw  are, closing pool room from* 11 p.m.  .06 a.m., and prohibiting youths  under 18 years of age in tbe same  either as players or employees.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at  this port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts  at the head office in this city and at  the various sub-customs offices, for  the month of August, 191.6:  Grand Forks  $6,971.86  Phoenix ....:   1,330.50  Carson       723.68  Cascade  '.         71.48  Total ".   $9,097.52  At tbe adjourned meeting of the  city council on Friday evening the  past month's accumulation of accounts were ordered to be paid.  The mayor's remuneration bylaw  and the aldermen's indemnity bylaw  were reconsidered and finally  passed.  A communication from Geo. PI,  Hull, secretary of the school board,  asked the council for improved fire  protection , for the Central school  building. Referred to the water  and light committee  The auditor's quarterly report  was read and ordered filed.  ... The treasurer's report thowed  that taxes were coming in slower  at present than they had in previous  years at this time of the year, and  he  expressed   fears   that unless an  The Grand Forks Cooperative  Growers' association last week  shipped a car of summer apples  This was the first car of this class  of fruit ever sent out of the city. In  former years this variety of apples  has largely gone to waste." The  fruit was of No. 1 quality.  This week two cars of early fall  apples were shipped to Regina, and  next week three carloads will be  sent out. The manager of the association is now in correspondence  with the overseas markets, and it is  expected that before the season  clones apples will be shipped from  this city to Australia and South  Africa. All shipments are .being  made through the United Growers  of the Okanagan. The prices obtained so far have been   very   good.  POLLING PLACES  IN IS  Seattle Mine Employs 15 Men  and Will Ship a Car of  Ore Daily  The polling places in Grand Forks  riding on the 14th inst. will be located as follows:  Grand Forks���������Old court house.  Phoenix���������City hall. '  Cascade���������Bertois hall.  Fife���������Fife school building.  Carson���������Carson   school   building.  Bannock���������R. Lindholrn's house.  ���������   Gloucester���������Townsite building.  Paulson���������Paulson building.  Princess Mary's Criticism  When Princess Mary was quite a  little girl, says Pearsun's Weekly,  the queen took her one day to the  Tower of London, and was very anx  ious that she should understand tbe  historical associations of the place.  In the course of their tour the royal  party came upon a particularly fine  suit of armor with spiked helmet,  spikes on the knees, and spurs  Thinking to impress the princess  with the chivalry of those days, her  majesty said, "Thib, Mary, is a suit  of armor that used to be worn by  the knights. What do you think  of it?"  For a time the princess remained  silent, while she seemed to be think  ing deeply.  'Perhaps it was all right," she  said at last, doubtfully, "but can't  you imagine how it must have  scratched the furniture?"  METEOROLOGICAL  There are now fifteen men em  pi >yed at the Seattle mine, arid  Manager Hopstetter i3 endeavoring  to secure more miners to increase  the force. Up to last Saturday three  carloads of ore had been shipped to  the Granby smelter, and it was the  intention of the manager to com  mence shipping a car a day this  week. Frank Hoelzel is hauling the  ore from the mine to the Kettle Valley railway, a distance of about  three-quarters of a mile. It is a  down-grade   haul,   and about nine  tripR a day are made.   a������:  W.'C. Melnni* left for Vernon  Wednesday to join the army ambu  lance corp3. Tuesday evening the  members of the Sunday school class  taught so faithfully by Mr. Mcln-  njs, and some other friends, spent a  social evening on the manse lawn  aud presented him with, a gold  wrist watch as a token of their good  wishes. Mr. Mclnnis will be greatly  missed in the Presbyterian church,  in which he has served so wt-11 as  an elder of the session, chairman  of tue managers' board and Sabbath  school teacher.  Albert George Evans, of Phoenix, died last Friday morning at  Vancouver after a very brief illness,  tie had resided at Phoenix and  Greenwood for the past twenty  years and was well known throughout the district. He was a painter  by occupation, and an alderman in  the Pooenix council for the past  two terms. He is survived by a  wife and two children.  Mux.  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Mm.  Aug. 25���������Friday  51  26���������Saturday   .... 49  27���������Sunday  50  28���������Monday  53  29���������Tuesday  52  .'10���������Wednesday .. 51  31 ���������Thursday  57  Inches | trajng  Rainfall  0.00  Bob Petrie on Wednesday received a letter from H. M. Williams,  formerly of the Granby smelter,  who is now somewhere in France.  Mr. Williams states that the cause  of the allies is progressing favorably.  Enclosed in the letter was a stnoll  piece of a Hnn aviator's hat, the  Zep which be was flying having  been brought to earth by the guns  of the allies.  Monday,September 4, Labor day,  being   a    public   holiday, the    post  95  office   will   be   open   for  one hour  93  only, from 2 till   3   p.m., when  the  96  q,   general delivery wicket will be oppn  97  for the delivery of letters and papers  93   Mail   for   the   boxholders   will   be  91 ; sorted as usual upon the  arrival   of  Monday, September 4, in the afternoon, in the grove opposite Dr.  Averill's residence. The families  are asked to bring well filled baskets, tablecloths and di^h towels, but  no dishes. Everybody come and  have a good time.  Hon. Martin Burrell, minister of  agriculture in the Dominion crovern-  ment, and Mrs. Burrell, arrived in  the city at noon today from Ottawa.  During their stay here they will  visit at the home of Mr. and Mrs.  H. C. Kerman.  Owing to the extremely warm  weather, the openiog of the public  school, which had been announced  tor Monday last, was postponed for  two weeks. The high school opened on the day stated with about  forty five students.  Capt. McAlpine, organizer and  inspector of cadets, will make an  inspection of the school cadets in  city on Tuesday, the 5th inst., on  the public school grounds.  Mike Tompkins is the happiest  man in town. He has received from  bis godchild in Butte, Mont., a  match box bolder and a bottle  opener, made of pure copper from  the richest mine in the world.  Samples of the first copper re-  lined in Canada, absolutely pure,  were shown in the city this week  from the Trail refinery.  The Conservative committee  rooms have been moved from Second street to the store building formerly occupied by McKim & Leroy  on Firs-t street.  It is announced that the Spokane  baseball club, winner of this season's Northwestern league pennant,  will play a picked team from the  Boundary towns iu this city on the  Sth inst.  Watching   a   grand    display     of  northern lights was one of the pleas  ant occupations in   which   some   of  our citizens engaged   last   Saturday  night.  W. Hopstetter, manager of the  Seattle mine, and Dan McKinnon  went up the North Fork on Sunday and inspected the Strawberry  mine.  Four of the wheels rncent[V stolen  from this city were brought back  from Republic this week. The  thieves are now in the Republic  jail.  Ore hauling by motor truck from  the Union mine in Franklin cump  to the Kettle Valley line at Lynch  creek was resumed last Sunday.  The work of repairing the North  Fork wagon road was completed lai������t  Saturday,, when the last crew returned to the city.  PREPAREDNESS  FOR FALL FAIR  Directors Hold a Meeting and  Arrange Many Important Details  Mrs. J.W. Harkness has returned  from Rochester, Minn., where she  suhmitted to  a  surgical   operation.  The   congregational  and   Sunday  The duck shooting season opener]   school picnic of Knox   Presbyterian  Ernest McLim?", of the smelter  force, left on Wednesday for Ver  non to enlist in the army medieal  corps.  Ed Gauthier left on Wednesday  for Vernon, where he will endeavor  pass the examination for enlistment in the army medical corps.  improvement took place  in   this re-   today.  church will be held on   Labor  day,  Mrs. Wilfnrd Baker h visiting her  parents in Republic.  A meeting of the directors of the  Grand Forks Ahricultural association was held in the secretary's  office on Wednesday evening.  Tbe secretary was instructed to  writo to those packing r'scbool pupils who were entitled to exhibit,  explaining the packed fruit display,  and to ask them to compete.  It was decided to include registered Ayrsbires in the stock prize  list. Tbe offer of Messrs. Heaven  and McKim to put up everything  necessary at the rink, with the exception of the poultry coops, and lo  take down the same and haul it  away for the sum of $G0 was accepted.- The secretary was instructed to write to the officers commanding the 225th battalion, Vernon,and  iuggest that,when the band of the  battalion is on its recruiting campaign in September fair time will be  the best time to visit Grand Forks.  The finance committee was requested to canvass the town for subscriptions towards the fair.  October 19 Will Be  Red Cross Day  The British Red Cross society and  the Order of St. John are once more  proposing to appeal for funds for  their work throughout the empire  by street and other collections on  what is known.as "Our Day," the  date of which has been fixed for  October 19, according to a dispatch  received by Lieutenant-Governor  Barnard from Lord Lansdowne,-  president of tbe British Red Cross  society.  An appeal has been made through  out the province to all bodies and  private citizens interested in. the  work . of the Canadian Red Cross  society and kindred organizations,  to combine in making the collection  on "Our Day" an even greater success than last year, when the sum  of SI,858,008 was received in Canada, and large sums in other parts of  the empire.  A portion of the dispatch from  Lansdowne, addressed to the lieutenant-governor, reads as follows:  "The generous response which we  received last year from all the dominions, encourages us to hope that  the constantly ncrcasing demands  for our help may be met by a corresponding increase of generosity  throughout the empire. We shall  be truly grateful to you if you will  assist our work by organizing an appeal and sending tbe proceeds to us  tor our sick and wounded at tbe  front. I shall be greatly obliged if  you will communicate the contents  of this cablegram to your ministers  and'*recommend the proposal to  their favorable consideration."  Phoenix has made preparations  for the celebration of Labor day on  a large scale next iVonday.  The public school in Greenwood  was closed for a few days owing to  great heat. V  -2^*-��������� }S~.���������  .ffiHE   -SUM".   GRAND   FORKS/ ft &  "TrirnnriTtiwuiinwiniiiiii j  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLU������  on a  British Sub  The Submariner Has the Most Uncomfortable   Life  of  Any  Sailor  .Many people arc under I he impres-  r.jvni that (he crew of a British submarine is composed of a certain number ol' sailors and a cage of white  irfice.  Such used to he the case. but. the  mice were "struck off the hooks" long  ago. In the early days of.-submarines  mice were carried iii them us a kind  oi danger gauge. Their duty��������� and  1hey -performed it. truthfully���������was to  begin squeaking',as soon us poisonous  fumes escaped inside the boat. Being  more sensitive, to these than .men are,  tin: mice could detect the fumes much  sooner than, the other members of the  crew could. Therefore., a close watch  upon the' little animals used (o be  kept. As soon as...they.'showed signs  of distress--.up;shot Ihc boat and open  went her conning tower.  Now the "skill of designers has produced submarines that .require neither  white, mice nor "potted -air" to ensure  Ihe safety of their crews. It has also  produced under-waler craft capable of  doings things undreamed of a few  years back, but it has not yet succeeded in making these pleasant lo  live in. Ask a "submariner" what  "life aboard" is like, and he will answer nonchalantly, "Oh, it's all  right." .'But if you'were able to try  it for yourself you would soon fall to  wondering what lie would deem "all  wrong" if he found this sort of life  "all right." As. a matter of fact, (he  "submariner" has about (he most uncomfortable time of any sailor, though  fhe second nature which comes with  use has so"aeclimatii crt him to it that  lie (hinks lightly of his hardships.  During their infancy submarines enjoyed {lie fostering care of a "mother  ship" when they went cruising. She  used to look after (he material needs  of (he boats, and the personal comfort of their crews witli kindly solicitude, as a good mother should. Having now "grown up," the submarine  gels but little "mothering" and has to  look after itself. .     ."  .���������'������ submarine, lying snugly alongside  11 dockyard jetty gives one no adequate, idea of what 1 he same boat  looks like when scudding through the  waves. Watch her setting off on a  trip and you will see only a few hands  on deck. There will be, perhaps, a  couple of officers on the conning tower  mi)d one or two men at its base. All  fire clad in thick clothing and wear  heavy sea boots. Possibly some ��������� of  them may have donned "lanimy"  suits and you wonder why they adopt  such'au Arctic-like rig. A view of the  boat  aHer she has reached  the open  may be running into, they can /eel a  great deal. Every knock, every (hump,  every scrape outside the hull is audible (o them. And (hey do not know  ar what moment any one of (hose  knocks, bumps or scrapes may mean  (he end of all things for them.  War holds many perils for the sailor  who dares the depths in a submarine.  Death stands ever at, his elbow and  frequently stares him full in the face.  But tin.- stoui fellow never quails nor  falters. ������������������ novoi- turns aside, from nis  job. nor shows (he. slighfest symptom  of fear; indeed, he feels none.  All (he officers and men who man  the British submarine.flotillas are volunteers. They know (hat* for them  there is no escape should mishap befall their boat, yet v.ospife its -'hardships and dangers .there is never any  lack of men willing to take on'.this  work.  It often happens (hat, a submarine  has to "go under" altogether, periscopes and all, io lie on the bottom  and wait, chancing whatever may  come to her in the process. At such ,  times the crew are absolutely cut off  from-(ho world, and (hey can never feel any certainty of breathing thc  free air of the open sea again. Very  often there are odds against them doing so. All they can do is to wait  patiently, until it is deemed safe (o  take the risk of blowing out the tanks  and going to the surface, again.  Work of a Noble Woman  Menace of the Fly  the  sea   will   make   the   reason   apparent  1<j you.  Probably all you will be. able (o see  tvill be a rapidly moving heap of white  wafer, amid which one or two heads  appear indistinctly. If you could peer  down from nn aeroplane upon this  ^ travelling geyser you would find' the  submarine's conning tower sticking  wp in the middle of it. and would rec-  .ognize how necessary warm, waterproof clothing was to the men on top  of that structure.  Although you can discern but litfloi  of  her,  the. boat  is  awash���������that   is,  travelling as high out of the water as  phi] can.    Presently she gives a heave  forward   and   every   part   except  her  conning tower disappears from  sight, j  By partly filling her tanks the  boat]  has  trimmed   for diving.      The  men  .who   were  "on   deck"   have   dropped  Ihrough   the  conning  tower,    closing  the    cupola,    after    them, and    every  member   of   the   crew    is   now   at  his  po-r   below.  And as long as the boat remains  "down" he must stay there. Tn these  underwater craft there is little room  for moving about. A man may be at  the tank, he may be at the tubes, or  h>- may be at any other of the stations,  but wherever lie Ik; there he must stop  with his whole mind concentrated upon the task allotted to him. Some  boats have a liny cabin for the officers  but if the men want a nap they must  take it on the floor. This, however, is  no hardship to a bluejacket, who is  able to sleep comfortably anywhere.  For sleeping there is no time in a submarine when she is on the move.  Remember, they cannot smoke, flmy  cannot cook anything, and consequently must live upon "tinned tack,"  while if I hey wanted (o talk Ihe noise  of the machinery would prevent them  from doing so. Kudosed in this steel  shell they an; >hul away in the depths  of the sea. and only the officer at the  periscope knows audit of what may  be happening cm the surface.  The air in the boat is waring and  heavy, and mows more, vitiated arid  "sleepifying" the longer she stays  "flown." As for the ."feeling," it re-  Rf-mbles somewhat that of being stuck  in a "lube" elevator for a long period  ������������������and one can imagine what, an un-  pleasim' sensation that would be.  An eerie feature of this underwater  voyaging is thai nllhoudi a submarine's crew can see nothing outside  their boat, and do not, know from one  moment   lo  another   what   peril   they  Swat   the   fly,     But     Beware   of  Dead Ones  The tendency at this time of the  year 'of'the, health authorities in various cities of the, middle west to offer  a premium of 10'cents a hundred for  dead flies in connection with their  municipal clean-up campaigns brings  up for discussion an important question of sanitation and hygiene. If a  fly, alive, is a possible bearer of death  through the disease germs which it  carries on its body, how do children  swat (he f>y and then carefully preserve (he. decomposing bodies for the  coveted 10 cents a hundred escape infection through the same germs?  Apparently, Ihrough zeal in.-:these  wars of extermination, those, in authority have overlooked a most dangerous feature of tbe movement. Swat  (lie fly, of course, hut burn him up  immediately because he is more filthy  dead than��������� lie-ever could be alive. Decomposition adds-to the menace.  To instruct children to "swat flies'"  and accumulate them until they have  enough to bring in and collect, 10  cents a hundred seems nothing short,  of a crime against modern sanitation.  It would be a dangerous practice for  grown people who took every possible  precaution against infection; but for  children to earn- dead flies with (heir  hands and then perhaps handle food  without washing is almost certain to  spread every disease that flies are  known to carry.  The only possible way, from a sanitary standpoint, in which flies could  be caught and preserved for the estimating of their number would be on  a sheet of sticky fly paper which embalms the flies' body with a glue  which prevents the germs from  spreading. This might add to the difficulty of estimating the exact number but it would be near enough for  all practical purposes. And it would  protect children from probable infection in the very disease against which  the fly campaign is supposed to be  directed.  Maxime   Elliot   Fed   35,000     Sufferers  In Belgium  There is little time lo pause today;  and retrospect is almost impossible, so  rapidly do history making events of  supreme importance follow ono another.  The autumn of MU4 seems a long,  long time ago. Now we are quite accustomed to hearing Flemish in our  streets-and (o having Belgian neighbors, but happily for poor little Belgium those who initiated the variojs  schemes of relief on its behalf have  "stuck to their guns," and rio one has  done more to assuage the misery and  relieve the sufferings of the -Belgian  refugees than Miss Maxine Elliot.  In the days immediately following  the fall of Antwerp and the occupation of almost the entire country by  tho Germans, Miss Elliot- organized  and equipped entirely at iter own expense an "expeditionary force" for the  feeding, clothing and general helping  of the poor, homeless, helpless, penniless people. It was entirely her own  idea which she promptly' put into  practice. In October, 1914," she started  and for eighteen months worked :n-  cessantly, indefatigably, whole heart-  edly. Week in, week out, she and ner  friends, her orderlies and interpreters,  ministered to the wants of. whoever  came along to be helped" and relieved,  and the total number of men,.woman,  and children who came' within . her  direct ken and care was no less than  35,000.  Miss Elliot chartered and equipped  the good barge Julia and an ambulance motor van and started .from Calais on her voyage to '.'somewhere"  in Flanders. Provisions, ��������� clothing,  medicines and every other conceivable  necessity were sent to, her from ��������� all  parts, and hither came (he poor, the  maimed,; the destitute and all were  cheered and comforted. Not only did  these poor people come, but others,  too, as her autograph sheets tell ...by  their own showing: Elizabeth, queen  of   the   Belgians,   royalties,   generals, J  Making Business Friends  Buying   Goods   at   Home   is   a, Direct  Benefit  in  Every Sense  When you send your dollar off to  some mail order house or distant  store, you get what you pay for and  no more. The fluffy-haired girl who  handles it cares nothing for you. The  merchant whom you helped to enrich  never hears of you. The transaction  has no aftermath, except possibly the  effort, to return an .'.unsatisfactory  purchase.  When you buy goods at home you  make business ties The proprietor-  and his clerks want to keep your-  trade, and will retnrn you favors in  any way that they can. A consistent  policy of home-buying creates a circle  of loyal business friends. If you aie  .in trade for yourself in your home  town this is absolutely necessary to  success. Ariel it. is exceedingly helpful to anyone else.  Success comes largely by favor.  Many'-, fellows wonder how. some fellows get along so easily. Usually  there is no magic or secret about it.  They have been frying all their lives  to make friends. If they have anything Jo sell, whether a line of merchandise or personal services, a host  of their neighbors around them are  glad to turn things their way. Buying goods in one's own town is the  simplest arid easiest way lo create  helpful business relations. And it  costs nothing.  Good  People Always Welcome  lt seems to us there is a vast amount,  of fruitless pother over what may happen to America after the war. One  statement that is much repeated is  that the inrush of trained..men and  women will mean new competition for  our. people. One man writes of the  new Englishmen: "These young mor,  have- escaped from (he life of stores  and factories and are breathing the  outdoor air. They will never be satisfied to go inside again. Having  learned freedom and self-reliance, they  will seek the country where the cori  ditious of liberty an>l opportunity are  found���������and they will work for leadership."  flood for them! The sooner (hoygot  to America (he more America ought p)  like it. That type of citizens is wanted ou our farms.  We are very strongly of the opiiron  that the moment America ceases to  mean opportunity for the good man,  that moment ils decadence will begin  and its star of destiny will"be dimmc !.  Good people are always welcome in  America. It is our feeling that America never meant quits so much in the  way of invitation and hospitality nnd  high motive as it does today.���������Th*  Country Gentleman.  statesmen, soldiers, some of whom,  alas, will never write their autograpns  again, some whose ureasts are now-  decorated witli. the glorious "V. G."  sailors, dukes, duchesses���������all found  their way at some djme or other to  the good barge Julia at its "moorings in  the sluggish Belgian canal, where on  one side ran the high road, trodden  .incessantly all day and all night by  thousands and thousands of troops,  and on the other side was the "fighting line'"quite close.  Everyone was cared for, the particulars of each, their name, age, domicile,  registered in a book provided for the  purpose"; the number of these books  grew and grew and Miss Elliot has  quite a long row of them, all full, and  each one telling its own tale and bearing faithful witn.ess.of her noble work.  One she'at showed the names of a  grandmother, mother and ten ch-Hdron,  whose ages ranged trom 12 years old  down to the baby a few months old,  quite destitute, and each family had  a separate sheet for its record.  Miss Eliot has many tangible mementoes of her "war work." First and  foremost does she prize "L'Orde de ia  Couronne," bestowed on her by King  Albert, who fully recognizes and appreciates her good work for his people.  , The Sober British Army  Viscount'French has paid a tribute  to the British soldier which may well  bo a source of pride to the- nation.  The occasion was the annual meeting  of the Army. Temperance. Association  of whose council lie became chairman  in succession to Lord Roberts. That  organization owes much to the precept, example and leadership of one  who, though he. possessed virile qualities of an unusual order, will be most  affectionately remembered in after  years as a.warrior saint. Lord Roberts knew half a century's service the  j temptations of army life'; he had seen  the havoc, both at home and abroad,  wrought by over-indulgence in alcohol;  he believed that a sober army had  the best assurance"of victory; and <o?  twenty-one years, surrounded by many  enthusiastic helpers," lie worked to improve the conditions of the force he  loved. Did he succeed? Lord French's  speech emphatically supplies the; answer. . ���������  .   Paper Shirts for Soldiers  It is said the-paper shirts made m  Japan   are   now   being  served  out  to [  Russian soldiers for use in  the cold (=05S1-'?  The Cranky Crank  Is   Always   Anticipating   Some -.Great  Calamity   or   Misfortune  Of all tlie cranks thc crankiest-is  the chronic pessimist. He is always  whining like a half-starved dog with a  tin can tied to his tail. When t'n-i  sky.is beautifully clear ho is positively certain that everything will dry  up and there, will be a scarcity. Whun  flic gentle rain begins to fall lie. laments and is afraid the crops will be  spoiled. He is always expecting some  great calamity, -misfortune' of some  kind cr ct being laid up with rheumatism. No matter how rosy the applea  look, or how juicy thc pears, he is  afraid they are wormy at the core and  can't be kept until Christmas.- The  country is going to tho bow-wows,  and everybody is a dbty and, dishonest rascal. His own peaceful and progressive (own is all right, but he is  convinced that it wnl never improve  so very much. Tho high church spire  is a notable landmark, but it might  fall down some day aud do great damage. He himself enjoys excellent  health at present, but he is sure that  he-.won't live long���������and he shouldn't.  The, world would be much happier  without such cranky   pessimists.  Outlived Six Sovereigns  More   Than   Eighty   Descendants- Sur<  vive  New  Brunswick   Man  After posing for his picture on his  105th birthday anniversary, Levi VV.  Richardson, said to be the oldest man  iu Now Brunswick, died before lie had  fairly started his 100th year. He-had  been ill.for only about ten days.  Mr. Richardson ascribed his long  life and remarkable preservation of his  faculties to going to bed early and  being active. He had followed the  operations of the war with the most  careful attention, and Ins' one ambition for (lie last year had -been to live  long enough to see Great Britain and*1  her allies successful, for he had lived  under six sovereigns and had watched  with interest (he expansion of the  Empire. More than eighty children,  grandchildren and great-grandchildren  survive him.���������Montreal Star.  arid, wet weather. A number of these  paper shirts were used*, by the Russians last winter and they proved to  be. much warmer and cheaper; than  ordinary shirts. The paper is made  from the bark'of the paper mulberry  tree. Shirts of this kind have bsen  used by the Japanese army and people  for many years, their only drawback  being that they cannot be washed.  No Place for Women  It is -strange"but true that tlie m*>  jority of spectators who /lock to murder and sensational divorce trials are  women..- These -morbid.curiosity seekers seem . to take yreat pleasure in  listening to the dirt and filth that  is brought out in the evidence: lor  what purpose no one knows, except  that it furnishes them with food for  ���������U the first few days of the  Fullham, that populous district in  the southwest of London, is in proe?3s  of being Belgianized, and some of the  streets off the North End road are virtually in possession of Belgian refugees. Within 200 yards of the junction  One   grateful   soldier   promised   Miss j of North End road and Lille road arc a  Elliot a trophy, and'true to his prom  ise brought her a Uhlan helmet.  Now tliat lime, which changes all  things, lias so ordained that there is  no longer the pressing need for work  such as Miss Elliot initiated and carried through with extraordinary ability and success, she is back again in  her beautiful home in England, but  "away over (here" she will never be  forgotten.���������From the London Gentlewoman.  For (he First lime In the history  of Germany, women have been allowed to adminisfer- thc affairs of a  municipality. The (own in question  is Altenberg, and the double reason  given for (he innovation is the absence of men at (he front and the  famished condition of the population  through a shortage of food which could J post into the credit side of the led  be dealt will) more effectively by wo  men than by men.  dozen shops labelled "Cafe Restaurant  Beige." At the horse-flesh shops which  have been opened, steaks are Gd, a  pound large size, and 4. and 5d. n  pound small size. Horse-flesh sausage  is 5d. a pound, and smoked horse-flesh  7d. a- pound.   ���������  What Worries tbe Kaiser  There is.a suspicion that the kaiser  is less concerned with the threatened  doom of civilization than he is with  the threatened doom of the Hohen-  zollern.���������Boston Transcript.  recent Waite murder (rial two-thirds  of the spectators were women"���������spinsters and young girls. The. judge  noted this and then issued orders forbidding them in the courtroom. Rarely does one see a dignified, well-bred  woman among court spectators. The  New York courts are all open courts,  but in these sensational cases it seems  a pity that judges do not oftoner, as  in trie Waite case, find sufficient cau^e  to exclude morbid women who look upon a murder case as just one more  play of so many acts cut up  days.���������Pittsburgh  Dispatch.  :nfo  No paint for lampposts this year cf  war in some parishes of London! As  there are hundreds of thousands of  lamposts in (he metropolis, and a  coat of paint costs 25c each post, this  will   mean  .something   substantial   to  Who is the Knockwr  This question is easily answered.  You will usually- find him on some  corner when the police are not present. His amount of work during the  day is represented by the algebraic  figure X, and his occupation, if you  asked him, would puzzle him more  that the solution of (he number of  summers been by the fictitious Ann.  Still, he knows how the entire city  should be regulated, although .he does  not know and-does not care bow he  will pay his poll tax. "Nothing that,  happened in his home (own is any  good; it never can be. He judges the  town from his own standard and the  conclusion is only obvious. Bees k'H  out the drones; the law prevents our  following the example of the irulus  trious  insects.  W.      N.      U.  1114  'Italy's Queen narrowly escaped  raiders who dropped bombs near the  train on which Queen Helena and the  Princesses Jolanda and Haralda were  travelling. The royal party was on  the way from a section of (he front  to Venice when the Austrian aeroplane made the attack. The lights  in the train were extinguished nnd  the railroad line was in darkness, but  despite these precautions bombs fell  on th-1 line near the (rain, breaking  ti'icgn ph   wires.  A tortoise was sent by an En;:in!i  soldier to his wife at Streafham, Em;.,  from Saloniki. Eighteen days on the  journey, it was packed in a wooden  box and wrapped in paper. When  taken from the box it had eaten a  good deal of its packing. At first it  refused to come out of its shell, but  was eventually coaxed with a spoonful   of  milk.  Albert Bright, a small iron merchant,  at Sheffield, Eug., has been sentenced  to penal servitude for life. He was  found guilty of collecting informatirm  concerning the manufacture of steel  war material. '   ���������  At Verdun the French deluded Ihe  Germans as to the locality of a certain farm by procuring a scenic artist  to paint a.large canvas in water-color  and hoisting if, between trees.  "Do you believe in encouraging boys  to fight?" "No more than, encouraging ducks to swim."  In the Grunewald, tne public park  surrounding Berlin, which practica'iy  adjoins 1'uhleen and Doberitz prison  camps 1,600.000 trees have been planted on about 400 acres of hitherto barren land.  The old naval training ship, Britannia, that has been stationed at the  Dart since 18(50,. and on which King  George and the late Duke of Clarence  were both cadets, has been sold to a  London firm for (he sake of (lie material of which she was constructed.  She was in action during the Crimean  war.  Between (i.OOO and 7,000 boys arc  employed at Woolwich Arsenal. Many  straight from school earn 20 s to 25s  and some from sixteen to eighteen  years of age as much as ������3 a week.  The  Cossack   population   of   Russia  amounts to roughly 2.500,000 men  women,   and   they    collectively  Tf men's happiness increased with  their money everybody should b.? justified in worshipping the Golden Calf.  The happiness increases with thMr  earnings up to a certain point��������� the  point necessary to secure them tlie  comforts of life say, .*2.000 a year.  All beyond (his is superfluous. Being  superfluous if, is productive of no  good watevor. The richer tin; man  thc greater is the probability that lu.������  sons will live on billiards arid die <n  an inebriate asylum. With contentment and $2,000 a year a man may be  as happy as a prince. Without contentment you will be miserable, even  if your wealth equals that of Morgan  or Carnegie.  A   Reason   for the   Retreat  We  gather    from   the     Merlin   des  patches that the British gunners \xus  such poor marksmen that the kn'ssr's  ships were afraid to btick a round and  and j run tho risk of being hit by some stray  own j shot.���������Boston Transcript,  some 146,500,000 acres of Russian tor-j ���������  ntory.  "So old Williams is looking for a  divorce from his young wife. On what  grounds?"  "On the grounds of economy. I  pueas."  Nurse���������The new patient in our ward  is light-headed. Doctor���������Delirious or  blonde?  Visitor���������Do you give your 'dog any  exercise? Owner���������Ves, he goes "for u  tramp every day.  ������> r- ii^i.jij������.i^>-.-rviJf^-.i'> jp_."  1  "'#  <T,  THE   SUN,   GHAND   FORKS,   B. CL  Keep Records  ������/'Keeping Records for a Few Years,  You  Can   Know What  it  Costs    ������������������  to Grow an Acre of Wheat  There' is but one way to find out  . fthe COst and profit of crops��������� that is  by keeping records. This may be done  by estimating the cost of a day's work  3or hand without a team; for hand  with "a single team and for double  Seam."' Then it is not a difficult matter to"- keep a record of thc hours, or  days'*work. To this may bo added  rauch as the interest on the investment  -In land, teams, implements, etc., together with the cost of feed, fertilizer,  ate. Credit the land with the value  of the'crop and see whether or not  it pays -a profit. One year is not sufficient' to determine thc cost, as the  season-may be a very unsatisfactory  u>ne. But by keeping records of a few.  years -ya'u can determine what it cost  you lo grow an acre of wheat, oats,  iflay, etc:, and what profit it will pay.  Homesteads in Manitoba  Miller's Worm Powders prove their  Tnlue.' - They do not cause any violent  disturbances in the stomach, any' pain  or griping, but do their work quietly  ind painlessly, so that the destruction  . of the worms is imperceptible. Yet  Ihey are' thorough,-.aud from the "first  dose there is improvement in thc condition of the sufferer and an entire  cessation of manifestations of internal  lirouble.'^  Land For Homesteading is Yet Available  in    Many    Parts  of  The   Province  Contrary to prevalent opinion, the  Province of Manitoba' yet contains  lands available to the homesteader.  To wit, extensive acreage lying between Lakes Winnipeg and Manitoba,  a minor portion of which tcrriloryhas  alone been taken up. Certain districts  of Riding Mountains in north-western  Manitoba afford opportunity; to the  northward of Lake Winnipeg are  stretches of splendid areas, which it  is understood will be open, for entry  at completion of the railroad to Hudson Bay. And in Manitoba proper,  homesteads are likewise obtainable,  but comprise lauds' somewhat rugged  in character. Nevertheless, this acreage is being secured by the immigrant  from Slavonic Europe, who, with the  perse vera nee indigenous to th is class  of settler, is creating farmsteads from  an indifferent material.  . Recent; annexation of the immense  district of Keewatin cannot be'.-for  several decades a feature of interest  from the standpoint of the homesteader. For the main part,. Keewatin  consists of tamarac growth with connecting waterways.  The Manjtobair, always optimistic  of his country's future, is looking forward to the termination of the present European war as thc index finger  of an unprecedented- influx of immigration. For such auspicious happening, land for homesteading purposes  is available in various provincial districts, despite any report lo thc contrary.���������J. D. A. Evans in Fanner's  Magazine.  Russian Equipment  New Shell Explains   Russians Success  on the Eastern Front  A new kind of shell, said by some  correspondents to be a Japanese invention, while others assert it is the  product of Russian scientists, is generally given the chief credit for the  success of the new Russian offensive  in despatches from Petrograd. Incredible quantities of this new weapon  are being used by General Brussiloff,  and its effect is said to surpass everything witnessed in the war thus far.  "Of course, nothing can be said  about the nature of this shell," says  the Morning Post's correspondent at  Petrograd, who asserts it is the product of the co-operative research of the  Russian universities.  "In fighting, hitherto, the capture  of positions have been gradual processes, but on the present occasion  it is rapid beyond belief, the. destruction and capture of men coming like  a. lightning stroke, leaving thc staff  officers, whoso station is from five to  fifteen miles behind the firing line,  with no hopes of repairing the initial  mischief, and they simply fled. The  astounding quantity of booty of every  kind is likewise evidence of this."  British. Shipping   After   the   War  We"must not lose sight of the danger  Trhich'--threatens supremacy of the  British "mercantile marine after thc  'war. ' Changes arc taking place in the  relative : tonnage of the mercantile  ���������marines"of other countries. 'Huge as  are the profits, which British shipping  firms 'are earning, the profits of the  neutrals'from shipping are more than  Iwice as' great. They will have vast  funds'to use after the war, in. buying  3hips or in placing shipbuilding orders. Thc shipbuilding facilities of  ���������tfie United Kingdom are far greater  ���������ihan those of any country in the  world.' They must be safeguarded.���������  London ^Chronicle.  A Woman's Health  Needs Constant Care  When   the   Blood   Becomes   Poor  Disease Speedily Follows  A Safe Pill for Suffering Women.���������  The secluded life of women which  permits of little healthful exercise,  is a fruitful cause of derangements of  the stomach and liver and is accountable for the pains arid lassitude that  so many of them experience. Par-  melec's Vegetable Pills Will correct  irregularities of the digestive organs  and restore health and vigor. The  most delicate woman can use them  with safety, because their action,  while effective, is mild and soothing.  The Most Effective Remedy  Known is "Nerviline"  establishment  of congestion.  You see thc relief you get from N"-.t-  vilinc is permanent.  It doesn't matter whether the onus.:  is spasm or congestion, external or in-  Thc reason Nerviline is infallibly a   ternal; if it is pain���������equally  with  W.i  remedy  for  neuralgia   resides   in   two   curative  action  upon   neuralrria���������Nor  very remarkable  properties  Nerviline  possesses.  The first is its wonderful power of  penetrating deeply  into the tissue,  which enables it to  reach the very  source of congestion.  strains,   swel  viiino   will   relieve  and  quickly   cur*  rheumatism,        sciatica,        lumbago,  ings or  enlarged  joints,  and   nil  other  niiu-  cular aches.  Nerviline is ji  guaranteed remedy..  Get the large 50 cenr,  family   size    bottle  Nerviline possesses another and not lit is'far more economical'than the -2.)  less important action���������-it equali7.es the cent trial size. Sold by dealers every-  circulation in the painful parts, and -where, or direct from the Catarrho-  thus affords a sure barrier to the re-   zone Co., Kingston, Canada.  A Partner With Dad  The Truth Will Out  A great German naval victory is pot-  sring'out. The German evasions and  concealments lend an air of probability to the French insistence on the  loss of-the Hinclenburg. And. what  Is the plight of a Government afraid  to-tell its" people thc truth? Thc "German victory" of Skagerrack is enveloped in legend. But how can the  truth about it be kept from leaking  out? ;'A Government suspected by the  rest of the world of unveracity- cannot  permanently dupe its own people. At  any moment Max Harden may blab  the inconvenient truth.���������New York  Times.   ''.-���������.-��������� v  His Challengel  The judge looked over: at the pris-.  aner and said:  ".You are privileged to challenge any  jnember-of the jury now impaneled."  Hogan   brightened.    "Well,   thin,"  vhe said,-"yer Honor, oi'll foight the  ahmall raon wicT'wan eye, in the corner there forninst ye."  Wife'Cured by Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound  ��������� Dea Moines, Iowa.���������" Four years ago.  I was very sick and my life was nearly  spent. The doctors  stated that I would  never get well with-  out an operation  and that without it  I would not live ono  year. My husband  objected to any  operation and got  me some of Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound. I took  it and commenced  to get better and am now well, am  igtoutand able to do my own housework.  I can recommend the Vegetable Compound to any woman who is sick and  Tun down as a wonderful strength and  health' restorer.   My husband says I   .  Every woman's health is peculiarly  dependent upon the condition of her  blood.   Flow many women suffer with  headache, pain in-the back, poor appetite, weak digestion, a constant feeling  of weariness, palpitation of the heart,  shortness   of   breath,  pallor-and nervousness.     Of course all these symptoms may  not  be present���������the  more  there are the worse the .condition  of  tho blood, and the more necessary that  you should begin lo enrich it without  delay. ��������� Dr.  Williams   Pink  Pills  are  beyond doubt the greatest blood-build-  ing tonic offered to the public to-day.  Every, dose helps to make.new, rich,  red blood which goes to every part of  the.body and brings new health  and  strength  to weak; despondent people.  Dr. Williams Pink Pills are valuable  to all women, but they arc particularly  useful to girls of school age who become pale, languid and nervous. Thin  blood during the growing years of a"  girl's life usually means a flat-chested,  hollow-cheeked womanhood. There can  be neither health nor beauty without  red blood which given  brightness  to  the eyes and color to"-the cheeks and  lips.   Dr. Williams Pink Pills do all  this as is proved in thousands of cases.  Mrs. Win. Rowc. Carlow avenue. Toronto,    says:���������"I    have    received    so  much benefit from Dr. Williams Pink  Pills that I feel it my duty to recommend them to others.      I* was about  completely  prostrated   with   anaemia.  I had no appetite,  was terribly weak  and subject to fainting spells.    I suffered greatly from dizziness, and the  various other symptoms that accompany a bloodless condition.    Remedy  after remedy was tried but to no avail  until a friend advised me to try Dr.  Williams'   Pink   Pills.      Before " completing thc second box. I was again  enjoying   splendid   health,   and   have  since remained in that happy condition."  You can get Dr. Williams Pink Pills  through any medicine dealer or by  mail at 50 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  Major Priestly, R. A. M. C. whose  report on thc horrors of th Wittenberg hospital camp, shocked tho world,  has received the C. M. G. The King  emphasized the value of his service  ���������to. the whole subject of the treatment  of prisoners by Germany.  Minard's   Liniment  Cures  Colds,   Etc.  Wherein a Farmer's Son Was Encbur-  Aged  to Take an   Interest  in  the  Business  Yes, I like the farm and I am going  to stay with it;" said a young man  who had just completed the short  course in a Middle Western college  of agriculture.  "The first property that I remember  ever -having owned consisted of some  crippled "and 'runt' chickens which  had been given to me by a neighbor.  I cared for them and '.when they were  sold I had.three dollars to invest in  ducks.    In the duck deal I also put      At night,   when  the  moon  is  e'ear  all the  pennies I had  received from l and shows clean" edges, with no halo  '      Fine:. Weather  Many   Simple   Weather   Signs   Eased  Upon   Scientific  Facts  _ If you want fine weather, look for  fine-weather signs. Here arc some  of the most reliable, for they are  based uponthe scientific facts. "They  are given in St. Nicholas:  -When the sun sets in a sea of glorr  that is, when the sunset skv is red'  you may expect clear weathe'r on the  following day. - -c.  The Irish Problem  Irishmen of all parties and creeds  have been fighting the common enemy  together with the Englishmen, Scotsmen, Welshmen, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, and South Africans; and how can we be so bankrupt in statesmanship as not to secure  for the future settlement enabling  Irishmen to live in harmony within  their Island, and at the same time  establishing Irish national sentiment  as a reconciled and satisfied aspiration  making for the strength and not the  weakness of the Empire? Lastly, it  'should be evident to.every Irishman,  as to every Briton, that an early solution of this problem would make a  real addition to the strength of the  Empire in its present hour of strain.  Everybody who wants to win tlie war  must recognize, that, whoever helps  on an Irish settlement helps to win  the war, and whoever hinders it hinders winning the war. And when the  struggle is over, how much better able  the Empire will be to make head  against the problems which will then  throng in upon it, if the ancient sore  has been healed beforehand.���������London  Chronicle.  The Russian government has ordered 200,000 tons of barbed wire in the  United Stales. This order will total  over twelve million dollars at present- prices. Evidently the bear is in  tlie war to stay.���������Ottawa Citizen.  Freedom of the Seas  Mr Balfour shows that "the freedom  of the seas" is simply a German dodge  to cripple the use of all naval power*  American as well as British. He shows  that it would paralyse, tho fleets of  the world while leaving the armies  free to do what they pleased. That is  what the Germans desire. That is  what we in Great Britain will never  permit. That also is what no American _who is capable of seeing what lies  behind a speciously sentimental  phrase would dream of assenting to.  So far as Mr. Balfour's explanation  helps any American to realize that  "the freedom of the seas" is nothing  but a German scheme to make international law the handmaid of military  despotism, it will be very useful.���������  London Daily Mail.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget  Cows.  Mr. Bingley���������Where is the bargain  counter? Shopwalker���������Th;?re are several, sir. What are you looking for?  Mr. Bingley���������I'm-looking for my wife I  For  Pure Goodness  and   delicious,   snappy   flavour  no other food-drink equate  would have been in my grave ere this  iif it had not been for your Vegetable  Compound."���������Mrs. Blanche Jefferson, 703 Lyon St., Des Moines, Iowa.  Before submitting to a surgical operation it is wise to try to build up tho  female''system and cure its derangements with Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound; it has saved many  "women'from surgical operations.  Write to tlie ILydia E. Pinkham  Medicine Co., Lynn, Mass., for  (Bdvic���������������it will be confidential.  w.  N.      U.  1114  When the Dairy Act, relating to paying for milk- test at cheese factories,  comes into force there will be an incentive for patrons to select and breed  their herds for butter-fat production.  Under the old method of paying according to quantity, the patron with  the low testing herd was being paid  more than his milk was really worth  for making cheese, while the high  testing milk was sold below value.���������  [���������'armors' Advocate.  "Hullo, Tom! What's this I hear  about your having some labor-saving  device?" "It's true, all right. I'm going to marry an heiress."  Made of wheat and a bit of  wholesome molasses, it has rich  color, aroma and taste, yet contains no harmful  elements.  This hot table drink is  ideal  for   children   and   particularly  satisfying to all with whom tea  or coffee disagrees.  Postum comes in two forms:  Thc original .Postum Cereal requires boiling; Instant Postum  is made in the cup instantly, by  adding boiling water.  For a good lime at table and  better health all 'round Postum  tells its own story.  "There's a Reason"  Sold   by   Grocers   everywhere.  Canadian Postum Cereal Co., r.td,.  Windsor, Ont.  mother for gathering up the eggs. The  next season I sold ducks and eggs to  the value of $17.85.  "I added some savings from other  sources and was able to buy a grade  Hereford steer for $27.50. To pay for  the keep of this fellow I grew a patch  of corn and helped to replant and  weed all on the place. When the steer  was ready for market I sold it for  sixty dollars and bought a-mule, colt,  the pick of a bunch of twelve that  father had bought. I kept "the mule,  broke it and worked it until it was  five-year old.  "It was just about this time that  the bank in which father is' interested  voted to ii'f-ue' some additional sto.'k.  I sold the mule and became a banker.  With the returns on this investment,  added to from some small farm produce sales, I bought another steer.  When it was fattened I had left  seventy-two dollars; and with this and  more bank dividends I branched out  in the cattle business, buying three  steers this time. These were fattened  with three or four carloads that father  was feeding, but I paid my part. These  steers_ brought me ?215.  "The spring after the three steers  were sold father was buying mules,  'picking them up.' A very likely span  of three-year-olds was bought for $223.  The steer money and some of that  year's bank dividend paid the bill.  "Since that time I have bought a  wagon, a good set of harness and a  cultivator, making payment out'"of  the bank stock dividends.  "In the winter of 1912-13 I bought  sixteen head of black calves, which  were sold next May for $800. The  money was invested in Shorthorn  cows, which with their calves are now  worth twice  what they cost.  "Yes, I'm going back home. Father  was over here during Farmers' Week,  and although he has always believed  in up-to-date methods he is stronger  than ever for them now because of  his visit. ..We built a silo last summer, and we have owned a manure  spreader so long that it's almost worn  out.  "We have 540 acres now. Father  has sold mc an interest in the place  and we are going to be partners."���������  W. L. Nelson in the Country Gentleman.   '  or ring of mist surrounding it, there  is little danger of rain.   ��������� .-'  When the wind blows steadily from  the west the weather will continii"  fair; it very rarely rains in the eastern States with the wind in the west.  Watch the smoke from a chimin-v  or from your campfire���������it is a good  barometer. If the smoke rises high  it means-clear weather. The smoke  will also show you from which direction the wind is blowing; so will a  flag on an upright flagstaff.  A gray early morning,^not a heavy,  cloudy one, promises a fair dav.  -.A heavy dew at night is "seldom  followed by rain the next dav. Think  of it this way and you will remember  Wet feet, dry head.  If there arc no clouds at the western horizon, you need not worry  about others. :  .Animals arc said often to show by  their actions what the weather wi'l  be, and there is reason in this. Some  of them certainly have a knowledge  of coming storms. We are told that  spiders are especially sensitive to  weather changes, and, when they  make new webs the weather will be  fair; if they continue spining during  a shower, it will soon clear o'ff.  Minard's Liniment Co.. Limited.  Gents���������I cured a valuable hunting  dog of mange with MINARD'S LINIMENT after several vcterinaries had  treated him without doing him any  permanent good.  Yours, &c,  WILFRID GAGNK.  Prop, of Grand Central Hotel,  Drummondville,  Aug.  3,   '04.  Why suffer from corns when they  can be painlessly rooted out by using  Hollowav's  Corn Cure.  The Future of India  Men who are good enough to fight  thc battles of tho Empire in France  cannot be denied thc gift of at least  a great measure of autonomy in their  affairs at home. But the whole atmosphere of our relations to India  will certainly be found to have undergone a change ns tho result of the  war. India has identified herself with  tho Empire in a manner never dreamt  of hitherto; she can no more be treated  as an appendage, to be dragged inertly in the wake of the living body  of Ihe Empire. Certainly she can no  more be "forgotten." Anyone acquainted with the startling developments  of political self-consciousness in India during these few months, among,  the Princes, among the soldiers in  France, among their relatives and  friends at home in India, will assuredly testify to tho. gravity of the task  before us.���������London Daily New3.  Canada's First Farmer  The first farmer settler in Canad.i  who lived on the produce of the soil  was Louis Hcbert, an apothecary from  Paris, who landed in Quebec in 1617  with his wife and children, and at  once started to clear and cultivate the  soil on what is now the site of thu  Cathedral of Quebec, of the Seminary  and of this part of the Upper Town,  extending from Ste. Famille street to  the Hotel Dieu. At that time thai  part of the city was called "Heberr.'.i  Farm." With a spade as his only  tool, ho worked and re-worked tho soil  until he was ready to receive seed.  He throw in the seed from Franc,  planted apple and rose trees, and a*  last, saw undulating in the breeze, the  golden ears, the flowers and fruiti  from his motherland. The third ee,-;.  ternary of the landing of bonis ITeberl  will be commemorated in Quebec in  1017, and a Citizen's Committee ha.i  been formed to erect a. monument to  the first fanner of the colony.  th.v,  ju.-vfc  Trade Openings in Russia  Russia is sure to require vast quantities of rails, locomotives, agricultural and mining machinery in the  reconstructive era which is to follow  the lean vears of demolition and inanition. The 130,000.000 people do not  intend to stand still, and a new light  dawns already upon the darkness of  medieval superstition and ignorance  among the peasantry. The population  must be taught to buy, and circular  literature will not suffice for that education, The men who '4^ ?!i-������ business  will be t.ho.-e who go after it in person.���������Philadelphia Ledger,  O'Toole���������Phwat's the matter  ye didn't spake to.'.Mulligan  now?   Have  ye quarrelled?  O'Brien���������That we have not. Th.if.'j  the insurance av our frindship.  O'Toole���������Pliwat do yo  mane?  O'llrion���������Sure it's tin's way. Mu'db  gan an' I are that devoted to wan  another that we can't bear thc idei  of a quarrel: an' as we are both  moighty quick-tempered we've resolved not to spake to wan another at all,  for fear we break the frindship.  "Did you say he lived in New York  day in and day out?" "No, day io  and night out!"  Granulated Eyelids,1  Eyes inflamed by expo-  ourc to Sun, Dusf and Wind  quickly relieved by Murloa  EyeKemedy. No SmarUngi;  ,,. just Eye  Comfort.    An  Your Dniggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eva  Bol vein Tubes 25 c. ForDookoflheEyeFreeajifc  Pruggistti or Murine Eye 8cme*jrC������.tCfeiw8������  *  immMmmmmwmMmmmmmmMmmimimm THE.. SUM,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C:  W&tcfi  States, outside of rigidly protected game preserves. ��������� It is therefore the duty of every good  Stilts Gl^ZGU  to Promote  the protection of forests  Docs your watch run  correctly? If you experience any difficulty with, it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert ex-  amination. if it need*, forests,  fish and  game,  not, wo will frankly tell you so  will run cor-  ootiy. A, D, MORRISON  repairs   we  can supply them at a modern  ate cost.    If   it   does  A watch repaired  by us  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS, B. C.  ������ke (Irani* Jfarfca ������>tm  G. A.  EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  and wild life and the.creation of game preserves, while a supply of gome remains. Every  man who finds pleasure in hunting or fishing  should be willing .0 spend both time and  money in active   work  for  the  protection   of  In  the settled and  AN fNDlSPISNDKNT NKWSl'AI'FR.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year'(in Canada and Great Britain) SI.00  One Year (in the United States)     I 50  Addiess all communications to  The Guaxd Fokks Su.v,  GitANu Forks, 13. C  OFFICF:     COLUMBIA AVIiXLTK AND LAKH STHKIST.  civilized regions of North America, there is no  real necessity for the consumption of wild  game as human food; nor is there any good  excuse for the sale of game for food purposes.  The operations of market hunters should be  prohibited everywhere under severe penalties.  The highest purpose which the killing of wild  game and game fishes can hereafter be made  to serve is in furnishing objects to overworked  men for trapping and camping trips in the  wilds, and thc value of wild game as human  food should no longer be regarked as an im  portant factor in its pursuit.  FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1916  The European war situation has greatly  improved during the week. The. entry of  Roumania on the side of the allies should,  and undoubtedly will, have thc effect of shortening the conflict a number of months.  H. G. Wells, the famous novelist, predicts  that after the war the lawyer will be eliminated as a unit of civilization. Mr. Wells has  an international reputation as a painter of  beautiful pen pictures of the future.  Adam  Every mail brings an abundance of letters  from people who are looking for "easy money."  Some have fake propositions to offer in exchange for the coin, but the majority of them  are only genteel mendicants. If these people,  who apparently make a comfortable living by  operating a typewriter, would engage in honest toil, life would be pleasanter for the poor  mortals who are compelled to earn their bread  by the sweat of their brow.  It may help you to realize the tremendous  magnitude of this war, to learn that a careful  student, of military history, Gen. Jacob E.  Duryee, says that, during the last two years,  the German losses alone have been greater  than all the losses in all the wars of both the  eighteenth and the nineteenth century. Exact  figures are not at hand for all the fighting-  countries, but undoubtedly more than three  million soldiers have been killed already and  three times that number wounded.  An Alphacetical Atrocity  "An American aeroplane," asserted  arrogantly, "always ascends." . .  Admiring Adam, as an amateur always admires an authority among aeronauts,Anna acquiesced, and acquired an American aeroplane, as Adam advised.  Arabella abandoned an antagonistic atti-  tude, although angry at Anna's act.  Adam, annoyed at Arabella's antagonism,  advocated an afternoon ascension.  Anna agreed.  Afternoon arrived, as also artists, amateurs,  Anna and Arabella.  Assuming an animated attitude, Anna and  Arabella attracted admiring attention as Anna's American aeroplane airily arose.  Adam arrived as Arabella and Anna  alighted.  "Adam," acknowledged Arabella afterwards, "although arrogant, always advises  aright. American aeroplanes always ascend,  and amateurs ardently admire an air-annihilating aeroplane."  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  It is predicted that the long-talked-of tunnel between England and France is sure to be  undertaken soon after the close of the war.  Meanwhile there is just now some discussion  of a tunnel between England and Ireland. It  would restore to a slight extent the geographical union that existed between t! ������������������,.  countries in the Pleistocene age, thous ,f  centurcs ago. Great Britain and Irebr  then separated only by a great   valley  proposed to carry the tunnel from sonic  on the coast of Wigtownshire to  the  nf.-i.res>  point in Antrim or Down on the Irish   coast,  a submarine length of twenty-four miles. One  of the great benefits of  the  tunnel  would be  that it would shorten the  transatlantic journey by at least forty-eight   hours.    It  would  also help the Irish cattle trade and the   shipping  of perishable good, especially fish,  to  English markets. Estimates of the cost of the  proposed tunnel vary from thirty-five  million  to eighty million dollars.  Judging from the rate at which the wild  oreatures of North America are now being  destroyed, fifty years hence there will be no  largo game left in Canada nor  in   the United  In the Grand Forks Valley  IS acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  orchard; good house and  barn aud other buildings.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE" !,\ *  Fresh and. Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,* f  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  In' your favor is good printing,  It starts things offin your favor.  PeopSe read ,your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING because it GETS  BUSINESS, if you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you. It's'a'certainty that  we can save you money, too.  74  J. Lindsay, D. Muaray and W.  Bryant, of Greenwood, who have  enlisted in the army medical corps,  left on Tuesday for Vernon.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already havo.  30UR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Iiigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  (he  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food,' ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  [For further information  call at  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No Indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides il  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a largo  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it Is lo suf  fer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach : disorder. It's tho quickest,  surest and most harmless atomar-i-  doctor in the world.  Pays for The  B%&vat&  gml  for   an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou ltry  ' John Wunamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. lb increases day by day and year- by year,  until it exerts an irresistiblo   po "er."  rnmssm  wmmmmwmm&mimwmimmmMmmmmMmmm  xemw&mM^mw&lusxi/iWtttittZK&iMimaMmai ��������� mU. M m.M������Z2t'X*i.  i-'_A������h. ������uil������MV bC  ,M_^~j-r-.jP>i*fe^^������5q5'--**^'^i'''^^;**j  . I;  !  I:J'  i  THE 'SUN,  - GRAND ��������� FORKS, ' B. C.  of Candidates  CdxsTrruK.vcv.  --l.ibenii   Atlin  -jV  Cariboo ....... ...  Cliilliwiick  . ;:'  Oow'iuluiri  -.  Columbia. ���������.   Comox   Crji n brook  Delta..'   Duwd  Lui'.IKAh.  ..II. C..- Brewster..  ... Kr-iink Miibley  .'.  .-.J. -Yorston';'   ,. E D. Barrow.. ���������  .'. Ken. C Duncii'ii.  ...lohn liuj-kam. ..  .. Hugh Stewart....  ..Dr. J H King .  ..A   D.-P,it(>rs(in..  "ey    John Olivei  CO.VSBRVATIV ' Indhpkdjj.vl'  ���������J'GC.  Wood....... John D. Kendall  .'VV. X. McDonald .. Geo.  Casey.  ���������  M   A.-Fraser .' ......;   . W. L. Macken  ,.;' ...:.[...  .Capt   Hay ward   .Or  Taylor '.".'"''.".'.'.'.'.  ���������M    Mnnsdii   A. Pritchiirri (S).  T. D   Given   . Li(Hir..F J.Mackenzie   .    -.,. .        ���������        W. J. Miinson ; ���������      I fs fofiond in Rommand  ^1u,,nal.t.'.,......A.    W.   M������;Curdy    R. H. Puulov..   ..     --      -  l"'1 ('0.,:r8p ���������;- H.,���������.  W. R   ^...JolinMcWs'fS).  .:-:������������������'������������������  v A. Gillett  .A    1 ' Holier. . T  ironiie   (jieonw(ji)d  (Jrari'l Forks .  ������������������'I'- Uphill J. A.McDonald (S)  ...J. IJ   Jackson ,   r ,       ,  .- Won    U    Millar   ;H,,,(,S.-: AI- l-h^-o.,  Capt W. W. Foster.   .           VUII,,,nPs' Ir. W"   Anderson   ...J. P.Shaw ..  ' ���������  l>   AM,eun.  "hiiinusoii.  Kaslo,  Lillooct .....,.  Nanaimo      Nelson '.  N. Okarmyiin.  S. Okanugan..  ��������� ������������������John KV-n I!. J    [j0n���������    ;-..J.  B   Hryson  Archie' McDonald.......     :   ...Win Sloan... A.-E:. Planta; Sam Skinner"(,S)."  ..A   ft.. Johnson .:::..Dv. W.'O. Rose L  L.  Bloomer (S)  ..Dr.  K. "MiicDonald Price Ellison . ,, ���������,     - ��������� ,. ���������  L.   V. Roirers ....      Mayor Jones' " "'���������'  ' ofIi'Jfir fi0f"mnnrl,ne; Cant. E 0.  Officers of 225th Battalion  Th* fnllowins: is a list of thp officers of thp 225th battalion! C.EF,  now on training for o_yei\������e������^ service  at Vernon camp, giving the various  duties to which"they have been as  eigned. It will he noted that in C  company, the bndv recruited principally in Nelson, three of the officers are from that oifv. They are  Lieut, j?. G Rennie, Lieut. J. Cart-  mpl   and    Capt.   C.  J. Archer, who  Capt   C. E  Richardson has been   attached to D  company as second in command.  Lieut. Col. J. Mnokav, officer  commanding; Capt. TT E Rarnes,  adjutant; Hon. Capt. C H. Skinner,  qnnrtermriofer.  Staff���������TTon.Capt.R Stuart, Cpnrge,  havmaster;    Ron.    Lieut     Richard  Chapman Weldnn,   medical   rifficer.  Com pan v A���������Capt. F.   M.   Whit  v ,- - -o--  "������ay  ^ Newcastle  p,.  ..Parker  Williams.  .NewWestnnnsterDavid Whitesido ...Tom  Gill'orr  Omineca A. M. Manson  Revelstoke Dr. butherland  Rossland    W. D.  wT^   '  p   ?" f^CG,,<'er  W- J   Bi,i,'d   **>\*vt MeBride.  si;   ',          I   A- ������auli��������� = ��������������� M  Eberts W.J.Ledir^ham/S)  !?imi]k,imeeri  R   S. Conkling   L   W. Sliatfrn-Vl U  S<ee,hl  T   D   Pattulo   .- Hon   Wm   Manso'ri   S^cvm  Clms   F NT  ..F.   M. Docki-ill   ..Hon. T. Taylor   W'illson '....���������..Hon. LA. Campbell.  M    Vancou ver  as   i(   iN'e'son.  .Mayor Manes..  S   Vancouver ....J. \V. \V,.firt  Tran    Vancouver.  . Michanl Sullivan  . Ralph Smith .  M. A   Mac Donald  P   Donrmlly..  n  ..Wm. Hunter      ..Geo. -H. Morden ...Wm   McNeil.  ..Rev.  Win. Moulton J   K. Wilton.  ..Jus. A. Schofield   ...Goodwin (S).  .  [Jon. \\\ .)    Bows(.r..i.D-lTarrington (S)  ..Hon.   Dr., McGuiie II.   G   White  ...Thomas D;uke . ...    Robert Cas.sirlv.  Dr. .]. W. M-dnto-h. A. H    H   '/lacgowan  W    [{   Tnjtter  J   S AJowper .;..;...C   li   Tiwlall A  F. Fawcett'  -      ( J.   W. deB.  Karris  .Walter  Loek T. 0. Townley.  \r:. .    . ,'t"V'",.   R.C.Appleby.  T"na J1, C  Brewster ....  Hon   Alex Stewart. A. J. Morlev.  ���������'I,ohn "urt Re������itialr| IIavward..Dr.  Ernest Hall  ������������o  ^<?H lohn Dilworth P  H   C.Hall  L. Tait    Joseph Walters Alex Lucas  Yral  R. Smith  (S).  Dan Poupard (S).  Headquarters  for  High-Grade  Sundries  "Built to Last"  Without a doubt, one of the strongest j  bicycles ever built. -  Thousands in use to-day, that have  ��������� been running ten to twenty years.  And still giving  the   utmost   satisfaction.  The3-piece "C.C.M." Hanger adds  the finishing touch of perfection to  this famous wheel. -     -  Call and examine the latest "Clevelands'  Foot, second in command; Lieut. J.  A. Rose warn, No 1 platoon; Lieut.  C TT. Seaman. No. 2 nl������t >on; Lieut,  W. B. Mil liken, No.- ?, platoon:  Lieut J A Mann, ,No.'4 platoon;  -Li-nit   R. A. Wilson",   machine   gun  " Comnanv   B_Caot. TT- G. Lock  hart, officer  commanding: Lieut. P  Richardson,   second   in   command;  Lieut.' J- Brechin, No. 5    platoon;  Lieut.    P     Adams,   No  6   platoon;  Ljput. 0 S. McCre.ery.No. 7 platoon;  Lipiit. Sidnev L^arv. No   8 platoon.  Companv C���������Mai   H  N  Glossop.  officer   commanding;    Capt.  C.    J.  Archer, secoo-' in command; Lieut,.  .7. Cartmel. No. 9 platoon; Lieut-0.  de F. West, No 10 platoon; Lieut.  B. G. Rennie.No. 11 platoon; Lieut.  W. A. Campbell. No  12 platoon.  Companv D���������Capt. W T. Havnes,  officer commanding; Capt. C. E  Richardson,' second in command;  Lieut.W. M.'Harris, No. 13 platoon;  Lieut. C. B. Leiroy. No. 14 platoon;  Lieut C. Lewis, No. 15 platoon;  Lieut. T. IT. Cox, No. .16 platoon.  LAND ACT  at  ������  J. K.MO OY BOER  Blacksmith and Bicycle Dealer  Similkameen Land   District, District  of  Yale.  TAKE NOTICE that Robert Ritchie,  of Cascade, B. C, occupation  fanner, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following de  scribed larids: " Commencing at a post  planted at or near- the S..E. corner of  part af Lot 49S'(now owned bv An  drew Willey); thence east 52S .feet; ||  thence north 990 feet; thence west "  523 feet; thence south. 99])- feet to  point of commeucement.  ROBERT RITCHIE,  Applicant  Dated July 20th, 1916.  mi BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Dealers in  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fisfj and Poultry  Our cyWotto: "Quality- and Service  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First street Grand. Forks  H. W. Breen. c7Wanager  oal n,  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Tklefhonks;  Uansk.Vs Uksidesck lt:!8 rilSI uirGGT  utter  ;N.e/i%.printcd-with special Butter Wrajipei'  Ink. Also imprinted wrappers. Our prices  arc nVlit.  ������3'  e SUN PRINT SHOP  THE  LONDONDKECTORI  (I'ubllshorl Annually)  KnaliloH tnitlors   tlirouulioiit   rli(!   world   to  conimiiinontorfiroet witli Kn-lisli  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in oucli class of c-oods. H,.si,|ps Ijpj,,,, ��������� ,.,,m.  pl"te ecjminerpial iriilth: to l.on.lmV ni������t im  suburbs, tho directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the fioods they ship, and tho '(rf,lon|���������l  and I'orcifrn Markets they suprily;  STEAMSHIP DINES  ������rraii;red under tho forts to u-liich thev sail,  and uidieatiiiK the approximate Sallliijis;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES'  of londirifr Manufacturers, Merchants, elc, in  the principal provincial towns and indu^tria'  oentrcsof the United Klrmdom.  A copy of thociirrout edition   will  i���������.  f ,r.  OwForfrlrSsf      "',1,   ������" m",','t ������f Pf"''  ���������������VA sis".for $5-arh,rKor ",u<-"-  THE LONDON DIHECTOKY CO., LTD  2"), Aheliureli Lmu!, Lnndon.  IvC.  ousmess  A policy, of advertising is. a  policy of life assurance, and the  protection thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die  or  move  away���������they must be replaced..  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competi-  "tDr's.  Fe/V Jist).rurs t) this cdh-  munity will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  the readers of  Is to leave your business un  protected,  It'is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue-to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop iftHE  .SUN",    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  INSURANCE  COMPANY  Exclusively  Canadian   Company  Assets Over Four  Million  Dollars  An Excelsior Policy k aMoney Saver. Get One To-day-  KITCHENER  (By  Robert J.  C.  Stead.)  Weep, waves of England! Nobler clay  Was ne'er to nobler grave consigned;  The wild waves weep, with'us today  Who mourn a nation's master-mind.  65 Years Ago  Are still doing- duty in  the shape of  Sixty-five years ago  thc frvstCaiiadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy aud  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been .the...acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  Las ���������  Good Highways  ��������� J We hoped an honored age for him,  And ashes hud with England's great;  And rapturous music, and the'dim  Deep .hush  that veils, our Tomb of  State.  Many  Miles of Good  Highways  Form  THE WORLD'S BEST POLISH  UNIVERSITY-  KINGSTON  ONTARIO  L  ARTS EDUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Including Mining, Chemical, Civil, Mechanical aad Hlectrical Engineering.  MEDICINE  Dunne the War there will be continuous  sessions in Medicine.  HOME STUDY  The Arts Course may be taken by correspondence, but students desiring to graduate must attend one session.  SUMMER SCHOOL     geo.y. chown  JULY AND AUGUST RSGI3TRAH  Card  Lovor  Simulation  Jt ������tr&ichtfarrrud eenorona  otter tfrora on eatabllnhed  linn. Wa are bI?1dic av/ar.  Vi'atcllM to thous&ndj ot  peopla alt otct tho H  world rb a basa u  adrertUenMiit. Now  If your cluunca to  obtatu ono. Wrlto  now, oucloim; IS  uonts for cua of our  lasliIoiiRblo Ltidlas'  r<ong Grmrda, or  Gonls' Alberts, cent  carriage raid to wear  with tho watch, which  will ba circn Froo  (thoM v.'dtchca ora  guaranteed die years),  ahould you tako nd-  ���������vant/uru o( our tnarval,  aUas oDcr. Wo expect yoa to toll your friend*  Jfcbout ns and chow them tha beautiful natch.  Don't think this odcr too Rood to bo trne. but sraid  2S cants to-daj- nnd caln a Vroi Wttrh. 1'oa  will l������ ar.iar.ed.���������tmXUMS & LLOYD, Who!e������la  Je-.vc'IoH lUcpt.llo), ta, CorawsIIb Itoad, Loudon, M,  I a.Valuable Asset to the Province  I 'A. slogan for better 'highways in  j Manitoba ha3 been for several years  prevalent. In this appeal a first class  proposition arises, yet if people svill  donate to the question a little thought,  il will be ascertained the good roads  movement is slowly and assuredly  displaying its presence the province  over. When the area of Manitoba is  considered, its formative material and  various features, the intricacies of  road making in many districts will be  better understood. Already this province is in possession of more mileage  of.good highways than tlie most sanguine expectation considered as pos-  | sible for the few decades of its history.  It is a unanimous verdict that adequate thoroughfares are the imperative  necessity pointing toward thc higher  interests of mercantile life. And in  particular is such compulsory in these  years when 'towns and villagesare* in  strenuous combat with the increasing  competition of catalogue houses in  Winnipeg and eastern Canada. Without good highways, trading conditions  in the rural centres will inevitably  travel the route to the mail order  establishments. In adjacence to some  of Manitoba's more important towns,  good roadways are not a generality.  As example, thoroughfares leading into Winnipeg; even in close proximity  to the city, roads might be mentioned  which bear a resemblance to prairie  ''trails utilized by the settlers in"years  of long ago. And in similitude, are  certain highways converging into the  City of Brandon. .Money, goodly  quantities of that commodity, forms  the sinews, of road building. Withoitt  doubt sums have been disbursed by  municipal councils for highway purposes, and have not tended toward  anticipated result. But no assembly  or government in the wide world has  attained a state of perfection in financial expenditure, and it is not within  realms of common sense to expect  such. Again; there must be taken into consideration the fact- that hi building highways within certain districts  of .���������.'Manitoba,, local conditions are of  such character a goodly sum of'money  expended does not display much work  accomplished.  Therefore, when the various features  are taken into account, Manitoba cannot be adjudicated as suffering a deficiency of good highways. It is  somewhat calamitous greater attention  has not been devoted to a better class  of thoroughfares is proximity to the  centres of population. A stranger is  liable to take an erroneous impression  of provincial roads from such existent  within some districts, highways which  do not correctly represent. Manitoba's  transportation facilities in a correct  light.���������J. D. A. Evans in Western  Municipal News.  Great Britain is credited with having built a warship, which for contrivances in death-dealing power is  s> terrible that the vessel has been  named H. S. Outrageous. The story  emanates from a correspondent of the  New York Times.  But this is better. Lot him sleep  Where sleep the men who made us  five,  For England's heart is in  Ihe deep,  And  England's glory is the sea.  One only vow above his bier,  One only oath beside his bed;  We swear our flag shall shield him  here  Until the sea gives up its dead!!  Leap, waves of England !   Boastful be,  And fling defiance in the blast,  .For earth is envious of the Sea  Which  shelters  England's  dead   at  last.  Fruit jars���������all glassware  ���������wholesome and sparkling when cleaned'with  One-third "Lily Whits"-to two-  thirds Sugar, by weight.  "Lily White" Corn Syrup prevents fermentation and mold-  brings out the natural flavour.of  fruits and berries���������and makes  much more delicious Preserves,.  Jams and Jellies than you can  make with all sugar.  la 2, 5, 10 and 20 pound tins'-  ������������������������������������-. ���������at all dealers.   -.."  THE CANADA STARCH CO. LIMITED,  MONTREAL, 278 ,  Whom to Trust  u.  Wheat Prospects  It is too bad that just when.:it is  most needed the winter wlieat crop  of the United States will show a loss  of at least 130,000,000 bushels. On top  of that, the exceptionally wet weather-  in Canada is bound to hurt-the crop  here. Misfortunes, it would seem,  never come singly.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures    Diptheria.  Bookham���������Did Sibley's uncle remember him when he made his.will?  Hobbs���������Must have done ! He didn't  leave him anything.  The Czar of Russia has presented  the British Foreign Sailors - Society  with $25,000.  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Nil  N������2  M.8.  trM: shots*, cu-iks chronic weakness, lost vigor  & vim Kinsav. CL\rjDi:a. diskvskk. bi.ooh rnsoN.  raxs   rithk* no ijRt;c;ois'rsor mmi. Si- post i ova  r'Ct.-w.-'iU Co  39   ISCkKMAM Mr  NKW YUKKorLVMANUKOS  toronto writk for free book to dr le clekc  Med Co IIavkksiocxHd. IIampsikau London. Eno.  \R\ KLlt 0XAGEStTASTi:l.KS!>JF0RMOI?   |.;Asv TO  TAKS  THERAPa������^ K5t',ss������c,,������.  ������EE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'TIIKBAFION' 13 Ol*  BRir.GOVI  STAMr AI-1'IXKO TO ALL GENUINE PACKET*  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and liiic laundry  dills. Wash it witli soap nnd water. All  stores or direct. Slate, style and size. Vot  Jic. we will mail you.  TIIK ARLINGTON COMPANY Oir "  CANADA,  Limited  i������S I'raaer Avouuo, Toronto, Ontario  Chronic Skin Disorders '  Now Overcome Quickly  There is no hope of getting rid of  disfiguring skin blemishes until the  blood is purged of every trace of unclean matter.  Wonderful results follow the use of  Br. Hamilton's Pills which provide  the blood with the elements it needs  to become rich and  red.  Quickly indeed the blood is brought  to normal strength, is filled with nutrition, is given power to drive out of  the system the humors that cause  rushes, pimples, pasty complexion and  kindred ills. Don't delay, (let Hamilton's Pills to-day: they go to work at  once and give prompt results. Mild,  efficient, side for men nnd women or.  children. Get a 25c. box tu-diiy from  any dealer.  The   Inevitable  The Germans had taken New York;  for three days the soldiers of Ihe kaiser guarded the streets; the city was  at- a standstill.  The .American army had dug in  somewhere in .lersev, when the Crown  Prince, with a party oi his officer-:,  visited  Wall street.  Two hours later American biokers  held a controlling interest in th:- tier-  man Occupation Corporation Pre  furred, ami the country was safe.���������  Life, New York.  Nearly all children are subject to  worms, and many are born with them.  Spare them suffering by using Mother  Graves' Worm Exterminator, the best  remedy of the kind that can be had.  Germany Admits Thinning of Troops  According to the statement of the  President of the Imperial Grain Board,  as quoted in a despatch from Amsterdam, "to Germany's reserve ol- 400,-  000 tons of grain must be added 80,000  tons representing the decreased consumption of the Army!"  Heretofore Germany has not been  unmindful of the old military maxim  that "an army marches on its stomach"���������that fighting and feeding go  hand in hand; There must be a great  reduction in the number of those who  have hitherto consumed the rations,  and it is only by such an admission  from this uti-military source that some  people iu Germany have been made to  realize for the first time how critical  the war is becoming to Germany, thermally tlues not publish totals of her  losses.  S.  Paper    Recognizes the    Nation  That Can be Trusted  "Perfidious Albion" has long been  the exclamation on the tip of Ihe  tongue iu continental Europe when  Great Britain was mentioned. Perfidy in this war, however, has not  been the characteristic of British methods. Great Britain has not invaded  'helpless neutral States which she  has sworn to protect. Great Britain  has not broken her pledges to maintain certain definite standards of  humanity iin naval warfare. Great  Britain has not sent spies and bomb-  plotters to destroy America and  poison Americanism. "Perfidious"  fits another nation better than Albion. It may be important for us to  know in the next few months which  European nation wo can trust. Many  Americans say that all alike are unworthy vof our confidence. However,  this deliberately ignores the facts.  Three thousand miles of -unfortified  American border stand as a silent-  witness for the good faith of one  European country. We have ���������trusted  her for over one hundred years. We  are trusting her this very, minute---  trusting her to respect our rights and  her own treaties, without a gun or a  fort to back up our reliance upon the  moral law. Canada is a tfreat eoiiu-  try at war. But whether victorious or  defeated, we have no fear Ttlfat she  will transgress our ��������� rich Is. We know  that for Great Britain at least our  helplessness will under no conditions  prove an excuse for invasion. Unlike  Belgium, we have a neighbor that we  know"' we can trust.���������From Puck.  New York.  State of Ohio, City of Toledo,  J.ucas County, ss. .  I'raukJ. Cheuey makes oalh that he is senior  partner cf the firm of !���������'. J. Cheney & Co:; doin?  busiucss iu thc City of Toledo. County and State  aforesaid, and (hat said firm will pay the sura of  ONE HUNDRED UOt,r,AKS for each and every  case of Catarrh that cannot be cured.by the use  of HAi,I/S CATARRH CURB. /  \ ' FRANK J. CHENEY.    .  Sworn to before  me  and  subscribed in my  presence, this 6lh day of December. A.D. 1SS5.  A. W. C. r.KASON,  (Seal) Notary Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is  taken  internally and  acts through'the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces  of the System.   Send for testimonials, free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by all druggists. 75c.  Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  Nine provinces in China have declared their .independence, representing a population of Kil.O-'iO.OOO. which  may mark the beginning of the disintegration of that  republic.  j������ i, i \i TPjjETwi Bii'jiwttffi'rmiumM  "Wood's EhosjlwAfaw/  Tha  (J rent   Jinglish   Remedy.  Tones and invigorates tho v/liolo  |ncrw>ti;i syatcin, makea new Blood  in old Veins, Cures Airri'OK*  Debility, Mental and, Brain Worry, JJcsnon.  dency, Loan of Jineratlt J'alpi/alion of tha  Iftart, l''ailinp Memory. I'riro $1 per box, six  jTor55. Ono will plnnecdix will euro. Sold by nil  druKgfclfl or mailed in plain pkg. on rnroipt of  price. AVio pamphlet mailed free. THE WOOD  MEDICINE CO..T0E0IIT0. OHT. (forBctlj WUJwJ  j Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Distemper.  W.     N.  U.  1114  Among the many decorations, Admiral Beatty has one from the Present Sultan, given to him in recognition of that potentate's admiration  fur his bravery during the Kitchener-  Nile Expedition. "Fighting Beatty,"  as he h now named by the Fleet, received his promotion to the rank of  vice-admiral over the heads of ,'HI5  officers, who were his superior.-; in  1 point of length of service.  SHOES  m-w RECREATION  Sold by all good Sfaoe Dealers  "Wovti. hy trmyy inentjjex*  of the'tamiiy  Edmonton, with a population of  G7,000 has sent 17,000 men to join the  colors. '.-'���������"'.  First Woman (angrily)���������Your Johnny gave my Willie the measles.  Second Woman���������No such thing!  Your Willie came over where my  Johnny wjas and took 'em.  Nights of Agony come in the train  of asthma. The victim cannot lie  down and sleep is driven from his  brain. What grateful relief is the  immediate effect of Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Bemedy. It banishes the  frightful conditions, clears the passages, and enables the afflicted one to  again sleep as soundly and restfully  as a child. Insist ou the genuine at  your nearby druggist.  For Memory's Sake  Calmly the young woman rust 13d  toward th glove counter and settled  herself in a chair.  "Some four-button gloves, please!!"  she said to the obsequious server. "I  want two pairs of white suede, and���������"  Then for the first time she lifted her  eyes aud saw' his face. "Why," z\\u  went on, iiv a puzzled voice, "haven't  1 seen you somewhere?"  The young man leaned over Ihe  counter and dropped his voice to a  breathless whisper as he replied:  "Oh, Mabel, tlori't you rcmemb?r  last summer, when I saved your life  while bathing, and we became engaged,  and���������"  "Yos^of course 1 do!!" said ihe  yojang"woman, with u jdeasaut smi.e.  "AwT-^^^yoa oVh" "in(jive it four  pairs of gloves, if you like,��������� London  Answers.  A postcard Trom a prisoner of war m  Ciennanv, which hits been received at  Warwick, Kng., was addressed to 'IVu  W*. ]���������;, It. Starving, care of Mr. ,  Ihe father ot the man. The German  censor evidently thought the'pnth.-tic  plea was (he name of an Kiiglislirn&u,  and  passed  it.  The United Church  Union Should  Result in Much Wasta  of    Effort    and    Funds    Being Avoided  Now that the General Assembly ot  the Presbyterian Church' has voted  iu favor of Church Union by a majority of 4 to 1, the last obstacle to  the consummation of that ideal  would appear to have been removed.  Tlie other two bodies who are to come,  into the union are the Congrcgation-  alists and the Methodists. The Baptists which have a close communion,  could not see their way to join hands  with the, others, arid the Anglicans  have held aloof for the principal reason, apparently, that they wish to retain the episcopacy.  The three bodies which will now  unite consist, according lo the latest  census figures, of 28,442 Congregation-  alists, .'9.IC88G Methodists, and 842.-'  442 Presbyterians, making a total of  1,787,021, as compared with 031,404  Anglicans, 318,005 Baptists and 2,229,-  000^ Roman Catholics. This will make  a strong church, and one capable of  undertaking', to the best possible advantage, the pressing religious work  which is waiting to be done, particularly throughout the West. Much  ;waste of effort and of funds will ba  avoided, and the United Church of  Canada will undoubtedly inaugurate  'at-the very outset an era of aggressive  Christianity in the Dominion. It'will'  become the Church militant.���������Montreal Herald-Telegraph.  HEALTHY BABIES  SLEEP WELL AT NIGHT  A well child sleeps well and during  its waking hours is never cro33 bub  always happy and laughing. It is  only the sickly child that is cross and  peevish. Mothers, if your children do  not sleep well; if they are cross and  cry a great deal give them Baby's Own  Tablets and they will soon be well and  happy again. Concerning the Tablets  Mrs. Chas. Diotte, North Temascam-  ing, Que., writes:���������"My baby was  greatly troubled with constipation and  cried night and day. I began giving  her Baby's Own Tablets and now she  is fat and healthy and sleeps well at  night." The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a  box, from The Dr. Williams Medicine  Co.. Brockville, Ont.  "Do vou ever worrv old man?"  "Never." -  "Plow do you work it?" ..*:������������������-  "In the daytime I'm too busy and  at night I'm too sleepy:"  lt Rubs Pain Away.���������There is no  liniment so efficacious in overcoming  pain as Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil. The  hand that rubs it in rubs the pain  away nnd on this account there is no  preparation that stands so high in  public esteem. There is no surer  pain-killer procurable, as thousands  can attest who have used it successfully in treating many ailments.  His   Own   Handicap  Mabel���������Do you know anything abouJ  Tom Higsby?  Arthur���������Why,   Higsby   is   my   Vrst,  cousin!  Mabel���������I  know  that,  but is he  all  right otherwise?���������Boston Globe.  Agnes���������Marmnduke would danc*  perfectly but for two things. Marion���������  Yes? What are they?   Agiies���������His feet!  ^.ujMnjifflaiiiaa^^  5������������SR&SS^5S)i59SE������������Sm&&i!S39������3n  assise .<���;��
THE ��� SUN,    GKAND    FORKS,    B. C
if) IS.
AH Other Plans Failing, Germany is Now Sending Out Tons of
Literature to Neutral Countries in an Effort to Put the
Allies in a Wrong Light
While the exuberant and, of course,
unwarranted demonstration in Ger-
'*- many over the naval engagement in
tlie Skagcrrak may, for the moment,
silence tho cry which thc world has
listened to of late for peace according
to German dictation, it is. safe to hazard the statement that it is only a
question of a few weeks, if not days,
when that cry will be repeated with
new emphasis.
The fact of tho matter is that the
lorces behind Germany's persistent effort to promote discussion on the
eubject are far too potent to be overcame by the clamor of ultra-patriots
in the German parliament.
The German press is not its own
master. It is not only subject to a
rigorous censorship; it is muzzled
by the decree of the hour, a syndicate
of diplomatic and commercial magnates. They are but echoes of the
imperial chancellor, and he is the
servant ��� very largely of the bankers
of Berlin, thc Rothschilds of Vienna,
Herr Ba-Hin, and the Burgomeisters
of Hamburg and Bremen.
These all represent interests that
have made their will a higher law in
the councils of slate.
At their representation three months
ago it was decided that a powerful
and special organization should be
created to co-operate with the diplomatic efforts of the imperial chancellor to bring about a peace favorable
to the present standing of German
They showed that unless.peace could
bo secured J^efore the autumn, the
dual monarchy would collapse.
The bankers of Berlin declared that
another big war    loan  would  corn pal
them   to  issue  a- perfectly  fallacious"
���   paper' currency. .
Herr Ballin. perhaps the first civilian in thti land and head of the North
Gorman, Lloyd Steamship company,
along with- the gentlemen already
named, told the kaiser with brutal
"^frankness that but for the aid given
by the federal government to Hamburg and Bremen, those cities would
have been on the verge of starvation
last January. Germany largely lived
on her exports to Great Britain and
the United States. Instead of '$100,-
fiOO.000 per month they were now barely receiving .'(���'1,000,000'per month.
Peace, by one way or another, must,
he said, be secured. Verdun must bo
subdued if it should cost five hundred
thousand men. And so on ad infinitum and ad nauseum.
Herr Ballin is credited with having
informed -the chancellor that it was
useless to dream any longer of an
eastern conquest. They must dispel
that vision and face an ultimate disintegration of Turkey.
As the outcome of these, and other
conferences it was decided- to concentrate upon a two-fold plan of campaign
for peace. The.methods may be-sum-
erized as follows: Diplomatically,
Germany was to aim at detaching
Italy from the allies. She was to offer
terms to Belgium, including an indemnity and the destruction of forts
in proximity to her border as an evidence of her good faith.
Her trump card, however, was to
settle the submarine, controversy with
the United Slates, and then, assuming that the Crown Prince had nut
an end to the.struggle on the Mease to
solicit President Wilson to submit tentative peace terms to Great Britain
and'France in particular, in the hope
that, they would be refused, and thereby enable Germany to regain her prestige anion/; the nations she had un-
fortunatclr estranged by her aggressiveness.
Other moves were to be attempted,
and included assent to the Dardanelles
becoming an international waterway,
provided the sovereignty of Turkey
was maintained.
Then, what is not generally known,
a new organization was formed under
th',' direction of the notorious Wolff
Press Bureau to agitate along Ihese
lines in tho United States. Spain, Holland, SouMt America and Scandinavia
Tons of literature in these languages a r-���-already in print, including
books with new "fact*" as to the genesis of the war, magazine articles written as far as possible by well known
writers, professedly not too friendly
to German ideas, but well enough
(Sprinkled with disturbing argument
and statement to make tlie allies appear as if fighting for a mere brute
conquest of the fatherland. The role
ol' Bryan with a mixture of MaxmiHan
Harden, was to lie the model for these
A special staff of 200 men and women were selected for "special" work.
Two thousand local correspondents
were named. The list of these has
been seen.
The hankers' association is generally credited with having appropriated
.the funds necessary to meet the outlay required to make the campaign a
Several well known publishers are
alleged to have been roped into the
rfiort, and one in particular shown
documents that wiH be annotated by
"experts" and made to appear from
time to time as "revelations" of' the
machinations of Groat Britain. Above
all, Holland was to become the centre
���if it has not already become so���of
a new movement for sowing discord
between Great Britain and the United
So far the Berlin organizers arc sat-L,.,,,,.. ,. ,,,,),, . ,    . .       , .,
isficd  with tho success attained.    Of      '      ''  1"'c. <hc "I'srortunc to strike
course, these arrangements are quite   ^Twri ���  . '  "p-   *   ��""f
well known to the allies,'and it may   P^0_sj,0Avel?,^c,!!1,.P,'e.senc9 of.,mind-
be   assumed   that   they  arc   not  idle.
Bravery Rewarded
London Street Waif  Honored  by  Russian Government
An orphan lad, brought up by one
of the Boor Law Institutions of London. England, has distinguished himself in thc service of his country.
Alfred JDoe; the surname shows
that his""parentage was doubtful, is]
only sixteen years of age, and when
fourteen he was handed over to the
navy for scouting purposes along the
East coast, he was considered scarcely
up to the standard of health required.
But his solicitations to "do something" were so manifestly sincere '-hat
the objection was waived, and his
chance came.    .
. He  was    sent    to    Lowestoft    and
placed    on     board   a   trawler.      Thc
A Canadian Volunteer  Holding  a  Homestead  May Count His
Active Service as a Performance of Residence���Should
He be Disabled May Receive Patent Forthwith
Hitherto, however, Germany has reckoned upon the adverseness of British
diplomacy to utilize tho press' for
counter-attacking her diplomacy. But
the fact Sir Edward Grey has just
given official cognizance to a press
interview, and that Arthur Balfour
used the same medium to set forth
the British view on thc blockade, may
be accepted as signs that Great Britain will not be without a reply to
this "peace" attack by her enemies.
Getting Through the Wire
The   Entanglements   of   Wire   Cutting
is Described
An officer gives-this  vivid description of his experiences:
"Wc could not find a place to get
through the wire, and had just to
lake "pot luck'1 and. go straight for
it, though we knew we had to struggle and fight our way through, an
entanglement of from fifteen to thirty
feet, made of wire interwoven in a
most evil mesh. However, we struggled on as best we could, helping each
other', and after what seemed an
eternity broke, through with many-
cuts and scratches, but lost nothing
except a -few pieces of coats and
"Our difficulties then increased.
Having turned round so many times
to get through the wire, we could
Trot "hit on'" the direction of our own
trenches for a few moments, and
had to lie clown for some little time
watching the flare .lights, going up
before we! were; satisfied by. some
outstanding object of the way we nad
to go. and then it was not, many moments before we ��� were- at our own
barbed wire'. \"' ;���..
"Here, again, wo had difficulty
finding a passage through, which was
rendered all the more trying by the
constant whizzing of the bullets from
enemy machine guns about our ears.
"So we crawled along again in
front of the wire, hoping to find an
entrance, when all at once all three
of us went headlong into a deep cutting filled with water.
"It was a deep sap that had been
cut out and cleverly covered with
branches and twigs, so that it was
not discernible from the ground and
was about -nine feet clown, but although we got a good ducking we
managed to get under the entanglements and back into our own trenches."   .
Sniping  a   Recreation
A Canadian soldier, tells of his experience as a sniper. "It is one way,"
lie says, "among' too few ways, of
breaking the monotony of trench life.
I have -been a sniper. Sniping is
anc-fher way to break.the terrible
monotony of trench life. I have spent
a whole day in a trc\ directing ':i
that-way the operations of thc men
in the trenches.
"The soldier at the front does three,
times the. amount of work at night
that he does in the daytime. In ordinary trench life the day is quiet,
with little firing except that of the
machine guns: and few men are.
wounded or killed by clay.
"Much of the fighting we did in
tho early morning before it was full
daylight. Every morning and every
evening we went through what we
called the artand-to movement, ������- a
movement of preparedness���fretting
ready to attack. We would keep ,it
the work two and even three hours,
awaiting an attack."
Hungry in Germany
A committee has been formcl
New Vork to appeal for subscriptions
for the suffering women and children
of Germany who are described iu tin:
prospectus printed in many of the
leading newspapers as hungry and in
want of clothing. This is a strange
appeal in view of the claims that there
is no scarcity of food in Germany and
tbe fact that it is promoted by leading German-Americans and others favorable to the central powers- is significant. But it will be difficult to
reconcile this appeal with the attitude adopted by the Teutons when
conditions have been reversed.���Ottawa  Citizen.
helped a sailor who was in danger
of drowning, and cheered older men
lo hold on till relief came to the
trawler. He was patted on the back
for his gallantry and showed some
consideration   on  reaching  land.
Since then he has been on mine-
sweeping. His gallantry and initiative were so conspicuous - in the
White Sea that the Russian Government awarded him, a silver (-medal,
which decoration carries with it the
Order of St. Ann.
On reaching Hull the naval officer
at the base asked Doe what he
would like, as a reward for his service, and he replied. "A week round
about Cumberland Green, sir/' which
is one of the historic landmarks .m
South London, near'where the lad
was born. The story runs that Doe
was brought- before the old Poor Law
Guardians and "speechified" over.
Doe, however, once more showed his
devotion- to the great cause by inducing a bunch of lads to volunteer
/or what he calls the "best kind of
scavenger work out of London,"
mine-sweeping on the   North Sea!
The Jutland Naval Fight
Beatty Was  Hunting Auxiliary Cruisers When  he  Found the  Ger-
.   man Fleet
.A remarkable version of the Jutland navalbattle was told recently by
thc officers of the Cunarder Andania,
which recently arrived in'.New York,
from London.
According to their story the battle
was purely accidental. It occurred
while the battle cruiser squadron of
Admiral Sir David Beatty was hunting for six auxiliary cruisers which
the British Admiralty Intelligence Department had learned were making a
dash for the Atlantic by way of ice-
During this search Beatty"'s squadron encountered the German battle-
cruiser squadron, and engaged it. The
battle then took piace on the course
that had previously been reported, the
search for the auxiliary cruisers being abandoned.
The Andania's officers declared that
after Beatty had wirelessed for Admiral Jellicoc he sent word to the Admiralty that he was heavily engaged
and had abandoned search for the
auxiliary squadron.
The. Admiralty then sent out an. armored cruiser squadron of the second
line of defence, which discovered the
auxiliaries, and after a sharp light
succeeded in sinking them.
There nave been innumerable inquiries at Ottawa as to the status of
homesteaders who have 'enlisted
for active service. As there have been
many rulings by thc department and
men from all parts of the Dominion
arc interested in these various rulings
a summary is of interest.
> The Dominion Lands Act as it stands
makes  certain provision   for military
same vear, instructions were given Jot
the present to extend the same privileges to Hollanders and Swiss called
home on active service. If by any
chance they should throw in their lot
with the Central powers, the privileges would, of course, be cancelled
Guards enlisting for service in detention camps in Canada are not regarded  as entitled  to the  benefits of
service.     Section   22  of   the   act   pro-' the various orders unless they    have
enlisted unconditionally for active, service anywhere after 'securing their
respective entries. Protection "may be
granted where the persons serving us
guard had entered for land or "had
established a right in respect thereto
under the Dominion Land Act prior,
to his enlistment. Bridge guards are
treated   in   the   same   way.
Until recently protection could not
be granted to an unprotected proxy
entry, and such entry had to be cancelled at- the end of six months from
the date thereof as called for by the
regulations. In the case of an unprotected proxy entry made before enlistment being cancelled for statutorv
reasons, thc land was to be reserved
from settlement during the confirm-
ance of the. war. In the case of the
unprotected proxy entries made after
enlistment, no conces.i��ions were shown
and at the end of the six months from
the date of entry the same was cancelled and the land made available
for settlement.
Recent- orders have amended these
regulations. Instructions have been
issued that all existing proxv entries
made by volunteers are to be protected
from cancellation provided the tact
of active military service is made
known to the agent in time to prevent cancellation under tho ordinary
proxy regulations. '
Holding the Craters
Shells   V/ere
Crush Germans
France Issues 4th Volume on German
Atrocities of War
The French government has issued
the fourth volume of the report of
the commission for investigation acts
committed by the enemy contrary to
the law of nations. The report is very
voluminous, consisting of 250 pages
with pictures of spreading bullets, saw
edge bayonets, and wounds made by-
such wcaponns. Extended affidavites
are given under four heads:
First, the placing of prisoners as a
shield before the troops; second, the
use of arms prohibited by international convention; third, "massacre of
prisoners and wounded;" fourth,
firing on ambulance and sanitary
The affidavits recite details in a
great number i,f eases in which
atrocities are said to have been committed.
vides that a Canadian volunteer Hold
ing a homestead may count his active
military service as inform ance of
residence. Section 23 of the act uro-
vides that any such volunteer who is
disabled by wounds or illness, while
on active service, may receive patent
To supplement these provisions nrd-
ers-in-council were passed in May -.md
September of 1915 providing that when
an entrant had been killed on active
service patent might be issued in his
name without calling upon the heirs to
perform any further settlement duties
and without requiring a formal appli
cation for patent or the filing jf let
lers  ct   administration.      The   patent
when issued will be forwarded    to the
"-gif-t.ar for the district in which the
land "Is situated and it would, then rest
.vi'i! t-ie heirs to obtain thc .necessary
,au(l'!.',rity from the courts to deal with
the land.
Shortly  after   'the  outbreak  of war
there arose the question of extending
the same privileges to British and
foreign  reservists.    In May,  1915,  an
order was passed authorizing this action. The wording of this order being somewhat, ambiguous and a question of its interpretation having been
raised an amending order was passed
in September of the same year. This
authorized not only that all privileges
conferred to Canadian soldiers should
be extended to all reservists fighting
on the side of Great Britain and the
Allies of Great Britain, but that patent might be issued to disabled soldiers without calling for the performance of any further duties and without
'���requiring-...an' application for patent,
and also providing for the issue of
patent in the name of a deceased alien
entrant without requiring any /further
duties or the making of a formal application for' patent or the filing of
letters of administration. These orders were extended so as to grant the
same concessions to the naval service
as. to the military service.
���The question has arisen of a man
taking out a homestead entry the day
he enlisted or after he had enlisted.
In the case of a certain British reservist who secured a'-homestead entry
on the same day he was called to
the colors he has been given the s.'.me I so.
privileges as men who had homesteads | "Just now, as I am writing, it is a
when they enlisted. However. Hon. f lovely day; no sound of guns no Jfed
Dr. Koeho, minister of the inferior, j Cross motors and the band is playing,
has ruled that persons who secured land the first line trenches, for the
entry   after   enlistment   or   after   the i time being, arc a thing of   the pact.
on   Every
Square Yard
������A Can ad iarr officer in one of the
Western Battalions, details some of
his experiences in connection with
one of his heaviest bombardments at
St. Eloi:
"As an example of human endurance, how is this? After the.heat of
this crater business was over���that
is to say, after four days' bombardment and we were relieved, altogether nine days after this���one of
our fellows was picked up outside
tho lip of one of the craters. He
was wounded in thc thigh, and ,vas
delirious; today I suppose he is ;n
England and doing well. It would
be hard to believe, but I know it was
"I forgot myself and spoke angrily
to my wife," remarked Mr. Mcckton.
"Did she resent if:-" "For a moment.
13i.it Henrietta is a fair-minded wo
man. After she thought it over sh*
shook hands with me and congratulated me on rnv bravery."
"Ah ! A package of old love letters
tied sound with a faded pink ribbon.
] could shed tears at the sight of
them." "Piffle! For true pathos nothing surpasses a bundle of cancelled
A Profound Mistake
It is a profound mistake to suppose ilnit the progie.s.s of modern industrial Germany was imposed on
her from above by a competent
bureaucracy. The bureaucracy did
much for her, but it was able' to oi-
gani/.t because if had to deal with a
public intelligent enough and schooled enough Iu demand organization.
The new economic development did
not couie from a raw nation. It
'-���rang from a people which in
dreams and in poven', had cultivate I
a great deal of disinfeiested 'earning, and made an educated midti'..;-
clas.s long before it aspired lo a share
in world trade. We shall diagnose our
own case amis.-, unless we aim, not
merely at the improvement of our
t< clinical training, but also at the
raising of oi:r whole standard of education.From the Nation. London.
date of their recall to the colors will
only be granted protection during the
term of their military service and will
not further participate in the benefits
of the order-in-council. Under a ruling
of May l.��>, 1910. where the entry is
made. after enlistment and the homesteader is killed in action the legal
representatives will be expected to
complete the duties, other than residence, in the same way as in ordinarv
cans  ������'  homestead   entry.
crater we were on top of a little hill,
crater we were ontop of a little hill,
and could look down on thc bombardment, which was again very fierce.
It was a wonderful sight, but one
hardly likes to call it such when you
think of what the poor devils are
going through for a space of about 'JO
Shells   seem   to -be   exploding     on
every square yard, and for four hours
j I   do not  think the air  was clear o*
The question of protection for men i emlh which was blown up 100 feet
enlisting in the Royal North West. | or more .with each explosion. The
Mounted Police arose. Early in the j fallows that relieved us had seen a
war  instructions  were  given   that  flie i similar  sight   when   we   were   holding
entries of persons enlisting in tlie
police for one year might be protected
during that period. It was later decided to continue this protection for
the duration of the war as the police
were in many ways on active service.
Members of the police force do not
get the benefit of clause 22 of the act
providing that time spent in a Canadian force may be counted as residence. They will later have to do
homestead duties. In September. J''-I4.
instructions were, given that a imr.-e
who held an entry and she" had volunteered for service with the* Canadian
contingent was to be granted proi'V-
fion during her absence on hospital
On April f). 1015   �� mi
the craters and they thought that a
rat could not have lived through it. We
had the same impression."
Warning to Soldiers
Soldiers uho;e physical disability
results from their own mi.-couu'ticj
are not to le- eligible, for pension .This
edict has gone forth from Maj.-Gen.
Hughes. and j? to be carried out to
1 the I- Itt-r.
j. a ruling was given j
that a settler who had made ������ntry
alter enlistment could only be protected for one year from the date ,,j
such entry, and that he was not '-.,.
titled to the benefit of Section S2.
This has since been amended by allowing protection to such parties.
Another question which arose was
the status of munition workers. In
.'lime, Jfila. it was decided to protect
the entries of all homestead entrants
who engaged in the manufacture of
munitions of war for the British government   or  the  Allies,   provided  sni-
��� !,
isfactory proof of employment for sin
work was furnished. If was also decided that an applicant for nisp-viin;,
who has enlisted is, maintained in his
standing as applicant for inspection,
until he returns, .so that in the even?
of th" entry being canceled, the. land
will  be available for him.
On July 7. Ifllo, in**rucfio:i.�� wr-r.-
given that Kalian reWvistx were entitled to the same protection as <':.u-
adian    volunteers.     In August of ;.'J(
India's  Jewels
Though     Tndia    exports     $r>.:rion.Oflf)
worth of jewels annually, she  is  .-till
i supreme   in   the   world   as   the   jewel
jsloiehouse for all  nations.  Diamond-8,
irubies. sapphires, tourmaline, garn -t.
j and   many   kinds   of   rare   chaledo.iy
are mined throughout her many po��'-
inees.    Rubies are  principally  mined
in  Upper     Burma.
One ruby of seventy-five en rats,
taken out a few years ago. was
valued at ���? 100,000, sapphires are
mined in Kashmir, but the mines,
after having been worked for ovtv
liwO years, are now said to be giving
out ! through the yellow, white, blue,
and green varieties are extensively
found in fhe ruby-bearing gravels iu
Burma. Game's for,:', a valuable tradti
in Kishangarh while i; vjo quartiti-
ties of furquoise e im; from Sikhim
and    Tibet,    .those  from     the   latter
country being bar I:<r and of dark :r
and more liquid lustre, and having'
greater value.
Taxes in United Kingdom
The coffee, cocoa and tea duties
levied under the British war taxation
scheme have been readjusted so a��.��to
secure uniformity of burden among
the users of the beverages made from
the articles. Coffee and cocoa are
to pay -t 1-2 pence a pound and tea a
shilling a pound. These are heavy
rates of taxation, whether equitablo
or not. The teetotaler is paying his
part of the war cost as well as tho
fellow who drinks beer.���-Montreal
S5HESSS5SSS5 THE   SUN.    GKANJD    FORKS,   B. C.  1  VOTERS! The B. C. Prohibition Act  1. Closes the Bar, Saloon,  Liqnor Store,'and  stops treating.  il. It gives Prohibition to the fullest  powers  of the B. C. Legislature.  :>. It is stronger than the bills of  Alberta and  Manitoba,   which  passed  with   wonderful  majorities.  ,  Thc Liquor Men know it  prohibits, hence their desperate opposition.  Safeguard the boys and girls of B. C. and  VOTE FOR THE ACT  I    Fur-bearing Animals���������Nov.  1   to  | April 30, 1917.   ,  Close season on   prairie   chicken,  quail, .ring-neck pheasants,  meadow  larks, doves and other  small   birds.  -Birds of   Prey���������Crows and   kingfishers, fish-hawks,   fish-ducks, etc.,  arc not protected.  ' No   game   may   be  sold except  hear.  CBoi- Up-to-Date JewbllerjH  ' Goto:  Timberiake, Son &> Co. ^  Newest Styles Choicest Patterns  A German spy caught red-handed  was on his way to be shot. "I think  you Englishmen are brutes," he  growled, "to march me through this  rain and slush." "Well," said the  "Tommy" who was escorting him,  .'/What about me'/ I have to go  hack in it."  Lowest Prices  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forks  PROFESSIONAL  ITEMS   FOR B.  C. GROWERS  FROM MANY PLACES  Washington     Spitzenbergs     for  Alaska are selling for S1.50 f.o.b.  The Puyallup cannery   is   trying  to buy'iill the available pears in Ya  kiiua county.  On Thursday next, September   7,  at 4 o'clock   in   tbe afternoon, - the  Spokane    Indians, winners  of   this  year's Northwestern league pennant,  will play the Grand Forks team   on  he   Race   Track   diamond.      The  bomeclub   will   comprise   the  best,   anclPS-  players in this city and from Phoe-'  nix and Greenwood, and will   be   a  Boundary all-star   aggregation.    An  interesting and spirited contest may';in this district are worth about 8400  therefore tie expected.    The admis-1 a Cfir-  sion price will be but 50 cents. I  Iu    the   evening, at  S  o'clock, a!     Rf'PnrtR from N*nv Ynrk sUUfi ���������~  dance will be given the opera house, dicatc that the recent   hot   weather  Tbe   music   will   be - furnished   by/Hd tremendous damage to   the  np-  Werner's orchestra.    Tickets   S1.00  T,le croP therp'  per couple.   Supper will be    served  at  the Grand Folks hotel.  A Yakima shipper has sold throe  cars of Jonathans at 81.75 f o.h.  for  Extra   Fancies   and   SI.50   for  The prnrip crop in Walla Walla is  valued at $500,000tin's year. Onions  m i the err  I     "If the Northwestern npplp shippers refuse to   he   stamppded   grind  prices should he realized  lhiu year,"  I said L. J. Blot of the Spokane Fruit  i  ' Growers company recently.  Copies of the Lord's Day Act  may be had free by applying to M.  O. MeKee.  Pte. James McDougall, of the  Vernon camp, is in the city this  week.  Mrs. A. F. Michuner entertained  a number of lady friends on Wednesday at a lawn party.  The Liberal and the Conservative  committee rooms are now so close  together that electors who may wish  to visit both during the same evening can do so without being compelled to hire a taxi.  Good night.    Have you read The  Sun'!  en Season  Synopsis of game   law for Grand  Forks district, 1916:  Grouse  (all  kinds)���������Sept. 15 to  Nov. 30.     Bug limit,  1"2 in one day.  Ducks���������Sept. 1 to Jan. 31.  Geese���������Sept   1 to March 31.  Black-tail Oeer (mule deer)���������  Clicks only, over one year in age,  Sept. 1 to Dec. 1 ">.  -, While tail Deer (both =px������s)~  S'jpl 1 to Dec 15 Deep must have  the heart left on. as the .person in  jiosse'-sion of rleer must prove its  sex. The., bay limit is not more than  three deer of one kind, or if both  black tailed and white-tailed deer  are killed the limit is four altogether  Cariboo  (male only)���������Sept.   1   to  Dec. 10.  i.iear���������Open season all year round  Dates of Fail Fairs  The department of agriculture   has  issued the following fall fair dates for  the season of 19Hi:  Circuit 3���������  Chilliwack, September 13-In.  AlJergrove, September 15.  Matsqui, September Hi.  Langley, September 19.    .   ���������  Richmond, September 19-20.  liurquitlam, September 21.  Circuit 4���������  Barriere, September 13.  He.fley Creek, September Mlo.  Pritchard, September 19.  Kamlnops, September 20-22.  Salmon Arm, September 22-23.  Kelowna, September 26-27.  Armstrong, Sept, 28-Oct. 2.  Eagle River (Malakwa), October 3  Circuit 5���������  Gateway. September 5.  Cranbrook, September 6 7.  Witulemern, September 13 14.  Golden, September 15.  Fruitvale, Septomoer IS.  Trail, September 19-20.  Nelson, September 20 22.  Boswell, September 22.  Grand Forks, September J25-2G-  Greenwood, September 27.  Circuit 6���������  Revelstoke, September 21-22.  Robson, September 25.  Slocan City, September 26._  New Denver, September 27 2S.  Burton, September 30.  Needles, October 3-4.  Arrow Lake (Nakusp), Oct. 1-5.  Creston, October 7.  Circuit 7���������  Nicola, October 6.  Penticton, October 9-10.  Summerland, October 11-12.  Kalamalka(Oyama), October 14.  Has  a full stock of Gr������?^jg^ca������L  Vegetables  in season���������at KILrri I   rKiOiiO  ry \Juy Dine.  Phone 85  on pea at  .Ri&bon [ST  None Better  First Street  A skillful flatterer neyer wants for  material or lacks results.  Yale  Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  a- S "   o ^ ������. ���������  P. A.   Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yai-e HoTia, Fiust Struct  jM'I'.-fSii?^ ! ih  (D;:^er!Pouiid;  Grand Forts w  -'ill ������''-"-h':-:l$$@S/\'  ���������������--������������������il  H?*,*.-������.'  'Z-~ ���������dl:\^'-'-.XU  ���������mm  mmmV  ���������">������������������.���������>_  Iiec  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.   -  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Addressing Mail to Soldiers  In-order to facilitate the handling  of mail at tlie. front and to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all m.ail'be���������addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name,  (d) Stpiadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), stiiif appointment or department.  (f) Ciinndian Contingent  (sr)   British Expeditionary Force,  (h)  Army Post,  London,  ICngland  Unnecessary    mention    (jf     higher  formations, such as brigades, dvisions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay  Made in Toronto. The  b^st counter check books  on the market today.  Eastern Prices  We have a two yeais'  contract to handle these  books. Call and see samples  At the Head  The mnn at thc head' of ;iff;iirs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to  attract.  Our paper j;nes inlo the bet cl.'.ss,  of homes ami is read by the head nl  the family.     That accounts ior llu  results   obtained   by   the   use, of  Classified   Want   Ads  i  BOOT    REPAIRING  3  ~J*2^������J  TAKE   your  repair.,  n.   Amisoii, i;l><>;'   '������'  I     pairer.     The    Mulj      !.<>������!'   for  ,hl'    ������''  boot  e ^m  ���������'fice  SECOND-HAND    GOODS  1 urflMB^TCASll PKI'-KSpiiitlforoldSiovj.  , H a-.tl K.H.K.S. M. C Peeltlmm, hecond-  | lmml Store  Kitm ncHincn,.  b ea i"T "And now is the time to think of  I ������1$ J .summer wearables. We can supply  voim- Wants, and, remember, all at Jveduccd  Prices, so naturally it is to your advantage to  do your shopping' here.  wn      9    >n Er ���������   f ���������    ^      Everything  Men s hammer rairmsnmgs t0 make a  man cool and comfortable even during the ap-  oroachim- hot weather. J.ight weight summer  iinderwear, outing shirts, cashmere, worsted and  cotton socks.  ?  9      Q Q    . Suits for  3^saayj   men s Smart mm men and  youm' men, made of ('me worsteds, mohairs, cheviots and summer serges. Latest style nnrl workmanship.   It's natural you should want the best.  bl        Let  us   fill your  grocery orders for the          IeS  coming    month.     Good    goods.    Good  service.    Low prices. Prompt delivery.  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  ma KUa i AwnwteBtVir ��������� W* l'ir������ ���������������ra^uM.-.jnwM cm  Tlie Sim, at SI a   year, is   superior  to any $"J a year paper printed in   the j  Boundary.     This    is   the   reason why'  wi: do not have to resort to   gambling  schemes to tjairi new subscribers  or to  hold those we nlieady have.  5^:5i^;;r^ji^>;^^^3if3E^gZ?;'>;S^^->^ -  e&i  Send only 5/- ^1, OroeT for any Article and Von pay balance ^Delivery  Tbe Sun   is tbe   largest and    best  newspaper primed in tbe   Ii.jiimlnry  countrv, jmd tbe pric" is   only   oik  half that of its loci I c,ontG:npt>nii'iex. ;  It is a valuable advertising mfdiuni  because its   lar^e   siibseripilori    lii-t :  has been   obtained,   and    is    main-i  tained,   merely on  its   merits   ns   ;i,|  newspaper.    It uses   no indirect   or,  questionable methods to s.-'cure siib- |  sccribei'S. '  uit.'b> i  .V. .mtfr w|K.,-c you llv. y������u >���������"������'������" "' ���������'I'.'A'm! miu,~l>y !  w.,,r-l,.t.-t I.ui..lon BWl������-t.������vt    .Itl.I. ������m   .1.     ������. ^ Jr  n,tim. Jl.ill Stwiuier. r-ciid only ��������������� witli ������"i���������' "'*-. , t ,.������������������,  ,\r,,. I'M l.,ilan������. o( price o������ oil very o������ > '������ ���������yj��������� '>������������������  l,i,l,rl������.    Von run <lii.������������ ������������ Miiartly ������������ui-to-.l.ite ';������"''"'"��������� ,  c,  .,,t,vt ������iu-l,v������li^ fur nwii^nny^l"^'''''-     >'"X o'.Tn,   y  .��������� m,u ..ii fc^, ;!:;"s������;1;^B;���������,i1.������.������m..���������.  V������. Unfurl liVlU.I. '���������"'Il"������'"1>'':' ,,* ,!  ...l,li,url,-hl<llfc II uuwwltlnllk mill"' l-  T ,.    Imnt Vu"l.-.iuwl.u.lli.i-. UUul, mill.  "ii-k V)������n in'/i. n- ",'1-'-" lud"'";  li-i.l'ili. :itilii..l!Hu-. *"<"���������  BRItlSII LADIEb" A CiKlS' KAINC0M8  All r������lu KH'I ������'"������' l"'0"'���������    ,:"''"--  '  ���������irlV-t'lV    \  wit ��������� ������TO.n.m������������llty.:i������-.   l-^1'-';  .y<i^t_./   Jof ,,,.���������,, Uk,,uvci-������al������tei.at; lur  Poultrymen  Improve Your  Flocks  Foil Sai-k���������Fifty S.U.'White  I>eghoi'u Cockerels. Bred  for egg production only.  Your choice at lj^.00 each.  J. A. cTWcCALLUM,  CIIAND I'OltKS,  15. (j.  Ullr 11 UT UlliUalHCU  w,.m-ll, anil tali- drllv������iy.  bhuuld any   guudn c<t lu.t In trnuxlr   wc   rL'plui-u thew  BRITISH l.At!lr> GUV. Hi  Tim  Inti^t  -tyli- pltli i-auji-il uln uldrm,  Ual.ti.l.,-. illll".     lllf.lrli|,ill..lil(< >!��������� H i'|-|������rd  l'y|.Mu ir. ,t,*lIj.I In 'litli. --iisii.   Navy M\\\  Ui.ilK.   .-Into fulmll and ������!/,-    rrlei-^. 'Ml;        ������~~^  '--/U Mild 'Mi-.    Illy llu.t It ,-iHliruiiii'litttud   ^.fc*?-^!  lunmli o( Skirt. f*>������S  BRITISH MEN'S SUirs-tO-YOUR-MFASURE  8plf cill'l Knirl ������li c:ii,tli..  I.iiti'������t i-attotm  AlUfaadi-i,   frll-Milirill'i Im-iil I'-uu  to  your  cliliuiti- wilt 1-.' fi-nt  | it  tfltain Mail ^tran;t-l.   If >i>ll nr,-lll  lAOirs < Btn'TsrucusM-kWBn0TS i'r'j-'Jji'-r^IjjJI  k���������������ii.i. _B.i.,ta ho,;t .ii t������J^   -i;pt&rfi^  \y ���������>���������.������������������:'���������. Sr^\  wnar, ci.nif.irt. and wi-t nn;' '"\-������  ,,rm.( inuilltl.��������� Xi'i'i't '���������";''?  Htvl.-r. I.������dl.i������, IS'-. ���������������������'"���������, "; :  i-oi- hiu- Blfi- until" "( ruot ll"d  my ^l/i* yon W'ar-  F1IKI-:  IM.U-TIIATKI)  LIST  ihniriiit Im-id ml. ..(>������������������'���������";��������� "?}"  1,1 ttVi.r..l..������-i'lli-ry, "ati-l"'-- '���������"J"  tr������o������ln.!..*c.Mmtt.M,l'.iiM<;MO ���������  and enquirer* on r������qu������������t. >> '>" lo  A?, u  ���������-��������������������������������������������������� ���������T',7'c:-*^���������::*'/.v/!,,'  ; |   \V\/vV^.    STORES /^?:$rjt?r=$  ENGLAND  1  "V  ���������f  i  i  1


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items