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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Oct 30, 1914

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 0  Kettle Valley Orchardist  ^ J  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No.  1  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER -go, 1014  $1.00 PER YEAR  &  /  Mayor Gaw and Aid, Bonthron,  Donaldson. "Henniger, -Manly and  McCallum were present at the "regular meeting of the city council on  Monday evening.  A general circular, sent out to all  the municipalities in the country by  a Toronto brokerage firm, counseling city governments to maintain  the present high standard of municipal debentures by meeting all payments promptly during thes" disturbed times, was ordered died  A communication from the clerk  of the council of Peach land requested the endqrsation of a resolution  -urging an amen 1 merit to the  Municipal Clauses act to empower  the piovincial government to loan  money at 6 per cent to\municipalities on the current year's taxes.  Laid over for further consideration.  A communication from tW. 0.  Miller, divisional superintendent of  the Canadian Pacific railway, stated  that the matter of a subway at the  Winnipeg avenue crossing would be  looked into.  A brief   letter from Hon. Martin  ,: ,'  ,-BurreU   transmitted   a communica-  ,":-"^trl'at'-lt-'Swasr-'not the'bolicy.of":" the  ��������� -.;X'.<go,yernYnent   to ��������� maintairi>.twocpost  . offices in one'city; that it;would .be  ��������� '%>"dangerou's-precedent to .establish,  ^ ".and.therefore'the wishes vof  the pe  ��������� titioners could not be granted. Received and filed. ,       "  , Aid. Bonthron, chairman' of the  board of works, reported that tbe  street work, which was now pn gr<ss  ing favorably, had, up to last Saturday night, cost ������1050. It was intended to continue this work fifteen  -days longer if the weather permitted  it. He suggested that some of the  cr-os" streets, naming Fourth street  in particular, be graded, and that the  - s-re;t to the Gieit Northern be  graveled this winter. A three plank  sidewalk on Fourth street had been  completed; four or five crosswalks  had been built, and some grading  - ha"1 been done in the North addition.  Aid. McCallum suggested that  Fourth street be graded between  Bridge street and Winnipeg avenue,  and   Aid.    Bonthron replied that it  "'"vvai^tByp *���������&���������"<���������"*^���������*��������� '"���������'">���������aA" u^c*rd  to  have tft's work done.  ft  ��������� .  O0fimoiion  of  Aid.    Manly  nnd  Pledger, the board of   works  yvrs  inducted to pjoeeed with the street  ./ork as outlined   by the  chairman.  //    Aid. Jrlenniger asked why the cement sidewalk around the new post  office   had   not  heen finished, and  to complete his new hospital The  matter was thoroughlyjliscussed by  i the members of the board, and the  opinion appeared to prevail that j  even if the council felt inclined to,  aid a private enterprise, it could not  Uo so without submitting the question to the ratepayers. The matter  was laid for legal advice At a discussion laterin the evening on the  same subject, it was shown that the  city was not in a financial condition  to make the grant,and nearly all the  members of the board expressed  themselves as unwilling to entertain tbe idea without first consulting the wishes of the ratepayers.  Aid. Donaldson said he understood the Canadian Pacific railway  had let, a big contract for work on  its bridge in this city, and he  thought that a committee ~ should  be appointed to interview the contractors and the railway official-and  endeavor to induce them to employ  only citizens of the country on- the  work. Acting on this suggestion,  the mayor appointed Aid. Donaldson and McCallum to perform this-  task. ,  City Clerk Hutton asked for iu  structions regarding the apportionment of cost in the construction of  cement sidewalks in order to enable  him to make-his report on this subject. The desired information was  furnished him, and then the council  adjourned.  Friday  A Paris report says the allies.pierce  Tuesday  Tli������ allies check,the Germans on the  coast in the must deadly struggle of  the war. Despite great losses, both j  .sides arc so strong that the battle  may continue to rage, fur days. Get  Calais at all cost, is the kaiser's command The French break the Prussian line north of Nancy and force the  foe over the border. j     The annual supper and   prize dis-  rehellicm   has   broker, out' tribution of the Kettle Valley ��������� Rifle  Another  the German lino, cutting off the army in South Africa Oen DeWet and  ou the coast. The force on the ex-; Qcn. Beyers have taken command of  treme west flank is said to have heon the rebels in the Orange Free State  caught between the Franco-British- ' ar���������| western Transvaal. Gen. Botha,  Belgian advance column and the sea. j premier of the Union of South Africa,  Altkireh, in Aliace. is captured by has left for the front.  French    troops   at    the   point of the:'    ,���������.        . .  bayonet- The Germans empty An'-' fierce bwyonet fighting marks the  werp of soldiers to reinforce the corps reJreat ,,f the Germans from the Vrs-  on the west win" kula     ^ battle begins  on   the    Fast  .Prussian front, where the   Muscovites ' good   supper   provided    bv    West's  .Retreating Prussians   offer   no    re-  repel all attacks. 'restaurant   and    -'The  King"    had  sistance,    and   tlie   Russian offensive       mi i <.i      -v- ���������        . i       ,        ,    ���������  movement   is   energetic   on the Ion*'     *h������ Ration along   the  W   im-   been   toasted,   the   chairman    pre-  front.     The German pLn of campaign   P,'"ve8' ^'u���������> T\    *  "    y Eented the association prizes won by  ���������    j     rm     ,        . ���������     r   P     allies.     1 he    British    fleet   is    again , ,     ���������      ., ,-, ,,  is smashed,^   Ihe Austrians im it vis-r  \   u-      ,\    n i ^\   ��������� niembers during the   year.    x<ollow-  i    ^   ,   i i j i   ��������� ��������� ��������� ,    'shelling the Germans, who post heavy -     ������  orousiy.to hold their positions   on the  .irti],e h J ing is a list of the  winners   of   cups  River- San. j y ' < ���������    ,        ,   ,  \    rV}       . .   ,.        ,    ,   and medals:  I      1 lie    Americans   are    indignant at  Britain stops the import   of   sugar    Counlfvo., Bernstorifs talk of  them-       McKie cup, for the best aggregate  The    measure   is intended to hit Ger    Vii^un 0f Canada by the Germans | from 200 to 1000 yards, won by    F.  many and Austria.    The British  gov-. , "   i nnt, . .  eminent has a big stock ou hand |      Ine Sikns and   (,liurkns   inflict  an ��������� ���������uuuo"-  awful loss on the enemy.  association was held at the barracks  of the Sharpshooters pn Saturday  evening under the presidency of the  captain, E. Spraggett. G. B. Garrett, president of the Inlerprovincial  Rifle association, was the guest of  honor.  After justice had been done to the  The Germans plan to winter in Bel  gium. A notice is said to be posted  in Brussels that tho march on Paris  has' been abandoned  The allies plan to round up the  marauding German cruisers," and  seventy ships now chase the enemv's  vessels.  Saturday  The Germans force the   crossing  of  the Y-zor and the  allies  advance.be-  Soiss'ons):.- - ThieeN������ Germotp.---.bat-:.  ;. The.second contingent from the  Sharpshootersl'company in this city  for active service-in the present war  will leave tomorrow noon by the  C.P.R. train for' Vancouver island,  where the men will go into active  training Out of over fifty volunteers, Captain Kirk had, up to this  morning, selected   24  names.  the mayor replied that   the  govern  ment would have no funds available  Another volunteer, probably from  Phoenix, will be named today, making the full nnmber of 2o asked for  by the military authorities. The  names and rank of those who will  go to the front are:  Lieut. \V. Walker Sergt. E. C. Coy  Sergt.   IP Broad    Corp. It. Rowoll  Corp. G. Broad        Pte. F. Wlutford  Pte. P. Scott Pte   F. Cooke  Pte. G   Wiseman   Pte. T. Sallis  Pte. W. Kellett     Pte. J. Fray  Pte J. MeDonald Pte. W. Bayer  Pte  G. Nichols      Pte. J    Brewer  Pte. J. McQuoid.   Pte. J. Kempston  Pte. PI. Sewell        Pte. S. B. Jennings  'Pte  J.'Hundley    Pte. H. A. Cameron  Pte. B." de-s.Av������:!e , Pte. J, Lewis .......'  Of the above list five ^or six are  from Phoenix and Greenwood. The  volunteers are an exceptionally fine  body of men. A large number of  them have seen active service before, and they will undoubtedly  givs a good account of themselves.  ri ���������-''tfie/' Prussians', pians:-, ���������''Dfcs't'roy ed  baLterieSj-'dispersed a"-itrain,'^blew;jVp  an ammunition column' and*"foVled,Khe  commander, .and 'all'his'staff. "Four  thousand killed,, and wounded. "A  downponr of rain turns the country  into a series of lakes.  The Muscovites inflict several de  feats on the enemy The czir's troops  capture cannon, many prisoners and  quick firing guns Five Austrian  companies are taken whf������n the heights  south of Jaroslaw ure stojmed. The  engagement in Poland is not yet decided.  A German submarine has been  rammed and sunk by the British destroyer Badger, Commander Charles  Freemantle, off the Dutch coast.  The Russians treat their conquered  well. The situation in Galicia is a  credit to Britain's all v. The wounded  are given excellent care  German aerial warfare is fatal to  many children   -  Monday  The sacrifice of life in the battle in  France is appalling but the enemy can  not break the allies'line.    The   Ger  Wednesday  Sheer exhaustion brings about a  partial lull in the terrible battle in  France. Many of the soldiers had  been without rest for ten days. The  Prussians lose two thousand men iu a  fierce nigqt attack on Craonne. Both  sides suffer severely iu assaults during  darkness at Dixmnde, which German  howitzers bombard heavily. British  dreadnought gets into action ou the  eoasb.     No ship has been hit so far.  w-jiThe fTRussmnsj������Bt'eHJ������-dUy.'n^.J-h'e ^ W-'  [sistar.ce of-.the "enemy and^svirra^ desperate light" against.thej-eafgara. The  -battle rages all-along the front on the  River San in Galicia.- ^  .Gen.   Botha   whips  the rebel, Gen  Beyers, whose forces in South   Africa  are routed by  the comrnauder in-chief  of the defense army.  Ehe Indian iroops do brave work,  and the allies hold to the<r line  firmiy.  The Canadian minister of militia is  believed in Ottawa to be in the war  zone.  The troops from the Dominion will  shoot Germans with lead mined in  Canada.  A mi lion and a half of soldiers aie  drilling in Britain.  (Yesterday's war summary on page -l)  A shooting  accident   O"ourred at.  Lynch   ore k on Tuesday ni������lu that  may result in the loss of a foot, to  a  nan meet   an   impenetrable    wall   of'.'mere'hoy.     Two   Phoenix   youths,  steel and fire in an attempt   to   press  Vic Johnson, aged 10, and   Richard  home   the   advantage of   the passage ; Eimgren,  -agfd   18. had   sp< nt the  over the STzer.    The British Iwjnr.. tl><\.���������,.   ..  ,     ,ng  j.n   in-,,   .   ._���������.,>.���������  rlatj'ui.-ine ileet in the Straits of Dover  ,,,,"' "       T        .   ^     . r:*V  will draw the German navy out.    An I ] ,1('3' wenl to ^'"^ Cm;k t0 8l*nd  official  report   from London says that, the night.     Before retiring  ElmgrPn  the situation is satisfactory   and   that  started to clean his gun. He thought  :. ground has been gained. j fcne gun was empty, but ihe.e yet re-  Numbers of Belgian refugees are ar-, niainrd one shell in it, and in hand  riving in New York on   nearly   every j ling   the   weapon   it  was accidently  for this purpose until next summer.  Cup won by C.pt Spraggelt's  team and presented by him as a perpetual challenge cup, to be shot for  annually at 5U0 yards, rapid firing;  Mr.  Eureby.  Burns cup, 200 yards, rapid firing; F. Hutton.  Fripp cup, ^00 yards, standing;  Capt. S. G. Kirk.  Spraggett cup,  aggregate   of  200,  500   and GOO   yards;   Capt.    S. G. ,  Kirk, , .   .        -_"-',���������  iV^'Club'-ehanipioriship.'gold -medal,--  aggregate-'of" '200 tolOOO; .yards;'; F.';  Hutton. ' . . _-' -r- ' .-, ; ; ,"-." '-  - ���������'.Club'siiver-medal,' J. Hutton.. ,  The remainder were money prizes.  As cash recipient and non-recipient  was called on to make a speech, the  evening passed very merrily, the ef  forts of some of the budding orators  being very entertaining.  The cash prizes  aggregated   8250.  These were ali given   by   the   club, .  the business "men   not   being called  upon this year to make   any    dona-  tions.  A special vote of thanks was ���������  passed to Mr McKie for the handsome, cup given by him. This is  the first cup presented by^ a .nori-  member, and the mem here of the  assooi ition paid Mr. McKie tlie  conip'iineut of electing him as the  fiist honorary member of the club.  Mr. Garrett, in an interesting  speech, stated that, out.-dde government rangis, Grand Fork- hritl the  best equipped range in the province.  Several toasts were, done honor  to, "The Press" being especially  thanked for the able reports given  of the doings of the association.  The-������in ������i.n������ of the nations I ar.them  brought a very enjoyable evening lo  a close.  METEOROLOGICAL  v  the    best   class   of the Belgian rural  Staff  Sergt.-Maj. Watt, Canadian I type.  ahmph,        t- *  ^    Ar^y ServiceGorps, of Victoria, h.as j    inciian   troops   hack     their    way  Aid. McCallum, chairman   of. the been  spending a   couple of days in , through   the   foe, and then   rout   an  water and light committee, reported ��������� the city thia week  ma|dng arrange- j avahmcho of Germans who  took   the  that he had instructed the electrician  to prepare a chart  of the electrical  system of the city, and that the elec  trician needed a stove in   his  work-  ship.   The chairman was authorized  to purchase a stove for the shop.  Dr. Kingston addressed the council, and pressed the request he made  Thc  following  is   the   minimum  ship from French, British and'   Dutch ' discharged   the bullet enteriii"   and ' antl maximum temperature for each  r,0,,������. M������t of t.,0 refuS,������a ������������������,������������������, t��������� sl,;tll.r,;g;b(! ������������������,��������� ()(hi; pjt���������er,s,^J^^JZ^^Z  foot.    A telephone call   for   medical  eU.r im ^ \,\ Laws'ranch:  assistance was immediately   sent   to I  this   city,    and   Dr. Truax, accom  panied by Chief Savage, left for the  ments for providing the Sharpshooter . trenches.    The turbaned   fighters use scene of the accident.    Juhns ui, the  w th   rations. 'In   future! l!ie   bay������nofc   to sanguinary effect in  injured    boy,   was    brought   to this  charging.  company  niembers   of   the   company will re-:  ceive 81.10 per day and rations, in-!     Th? Austrians are compelled to pro-  ' ' tect the 1 russians  ,     .      ,    ,        . ,     ,       ,,   .     .... ��������� ^ .���������.,.,.���������..s.    Asiatic   Russians  stead   of   drawing   cash   for   their ureeftfiei. to fi���������n(. fo|1 tho   eyM.  board.  Five  city and placed in   the hi spital.    It  is not yet certain that   the   foot can '  be saved.  The voters'   list   for   the    next  : thousand bodies cover   the   valley  Spryne river.  f  Mi,i.  Max,  Oct.   p3���������Friday   .. 28  ol  21���������Saturday   ...  .  32  50  2o���������Sunday,....  . 31  ol  .  32  52  31  ol  28���������Wednesday..  . 31  -IS  20-Thursday  30  ���������it;  laches  Rainfall   ..  0.00  The South African rebel chief is  at a previous meeting for a grant mnnicipal election closes tomor- routed, wounded and flees to German  from the city" of $1000   with which  row. territory.  Louis P. Eckstein, n pioneer of  Grand Forks, died in Fort George a Midway will soon have telephone  few days ago. He was born on the connection between Oroville and  Caribou Road about 50 years ago.       Penticton.  -^ i '- ���������--   .  HUUfclllWU.  MgmamBMmsmmiimi&nm  VCfl <>tt?.    ^TTTv.    (TRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  3  1 .i-  TEETH AND THE APPLE  Expensive   Sweets   Said   to   Ruin   the  Teeth  Dr. Sims Wallace, late dental surgeon to tlie London Hospital, urges  the adoption of a diet containing a  good quantity of farinaceous food in a  iorm which will stimulate mastication,  ���������brown bread and the eating of-fresh  fruit-with  every--meal.  The importance of the proper care  of teeth during childhood is becoming  universally recognized, and the .London, county council have established  a centre for the treatment of dental  troubles of school children with X-  rays. -'.  According to investigation it was  round that about 39 per cent, of the  children of well-to-do parents have bad  teeth, as against 27 per cent, from  poorer homes. This is probably accounted for by the fact that, as the  latter children eat coarser food, their  (colli have' more work to do, and are  consequently stronger and cleaner.  Their sweets are also fewer, and are  mostly "of -the cheap, boiled sugar  variety.. These sweets break up cleanly in the mouth, .whereas, the caramels aud chocolates eaten by the  children of indulgent parents cling-to  thc teeth and ferment.  Boys and girls should b given  fruit in preference to sweets. Nuts  and all hard fruits encourage mastication. The best fruit for this purpose is  the  apple.    Eaten at the  conclusion  of a meal  it leaves the  mouth sweet and clean.  teeth    and  lady  and  like  don't you' ever get    home-  m" home,     mum."���������  "Are you married, my man?" a  asked a sailor. ,  "Yes,   indeed���������mum���������married  fourteen children."    - '���������"���������'      . ��������� ���������  "Poor  fellow,  traveling  about  this!  And  sick?"  "Only   when  I  London Opinion.  Removing Odors From Milk  A method has been discovered by  the federal investigators at'Washington, for removing disagreeable odors  and flavors from milk. The taste  caused by cows eating wild -onions  or garlic can be removed by blowing  filtered- and washed air through the  milk for 30 to CO minutes, according  to the strength of the flavor to be removed.  .':,'. It is necessary to heat the milk to  a temperature of 3 45 degrees, as air  blown through cold milk in a similar  ���������'manner docs not remove the- disagreeable flavor. It also has a tendency to turn the fat into butter, tt  was found that thc onion flavor is removed more quickly when milk is  heated to 1.G0 degrees, but this tends  to produce a cooked taste and also  reduces the cream line. In. the case  of cream with flavors of this kind,  the same method can be used, except  that it requires a slightly longer  treatment. Thc loss in evaporation  by using this method amounts to  or .", per cent.  Climbing  Alps  by   Funicular  Railway  Switzerland's industries are, as we  all know, the making of mountaineers and milk chocolate; and the former, if Swiss statistics are -to he.  trusted, "is certainly flourishing. According to the official records of last  year 7,500,000 "Alpinists' climbed  the Alps���������by funicular!  Mountain climbing by railway is  becoming so popular-, that Switzerland now boasts of no fewer than  forty-eight funicular railways of assorted lengths, from thc little Mazil-  Rcrne to the great'-sTimgfrau -line.  _ .The latest Alpine-sport is to breakfast at^thc station on your arrival,  lunch in the Alps, and dine at your  hotel in the evening���������-all within  twenty-four hours.  ADHESIVE POSTAGE ������TAMPS  The  Is-  ���������������������������' India's Economic Growth  India's trade has increased during  the last half century from $300,000;-  000 to" more than $1,400,000,000. It.has  in- operation 32,000 miles of railway,  which ..places India fourth in the  world in its railway mileage, carrying 330,000,000 passen0ers yearly at  flie rate of five miles for one cent.  Tt maintains 76,000 miles of telegraph  lino, over which messages c.n be sent  from more than 2,000 miles at a cost  of only 12 cents.���������Wall Street Journal.  The Comparison Held  A lecturer went to Yonkers with a  letter to a Yonkers -citizen from a man  in Now Rochelle and succeeded in getting an engagement. His three hour  lecture proved dull, dry and uninteresting. Next day Mr. Yonkers "met  Mr. New Rochelle.  "What, did you mean," asked Yonkers, "by recommending that lemon  lecturer?"  "I didn't recommend him."  "Well, I just guess you did. I've  your letter right here in my pocket."  "Better read' it over again���������care-  fully^'-  Mr. Yonkers did. It was noncommittal:  "I have heard Mr. B.'s lecture. It is  as interesting as it is instructive."  "And it wasn't either,' said Yonkers.  "Then the comparison holds," said  New Rochelle.���������New York World.  Spoiled  the   Game  Alice' was playing stor"     with   her  youngest sister.   Mother, asked to become    a purchaser,  played   well 'her  part, hut In saying good-day stopped  and  kissed  both children  Sensitive Alice  burst  into   tears  "Oh, mamma," she    wailed, "you've  spoilt  everything!     You  never  -kiss  thc man in tho real store."  Practical Proof  "Yes, my son, I want you to make  yourself ambidextrous. I want you to  be able to use one hand just as" skillfully as you do the other." ���������  "That's me, dad. T can lick anv hov  in ray class with cither hand.���������Now  York World.  The Irate Parent (who has been'trying to .'satisfy-- Gerald's curiosity on  every known subject under the sun)���������  Now, look. here, Gerald, if you ask  me another question, I whip you on  the spot!  Gerald���������W-what spot, dad? ���������  Sketch. ;���������.���������..*  Rise in Printing Paper  A shortage Mn wood pulp may be  brought about with an indefinite continuation of the European war. This  shortage may reach 1,000 tons daily  and would seriously retard operations  of paper manufacturers in the United  States.  Prices have advanced, due to enforced curtailment, the average~gain  being about. 20 per cent. Against  more normal quotations .of $38 to ������40,  sulphite pulp has risen to $-16 to $48,  and ground wood pulp has advanced  from $10 to $22 to $22 to $25.  looked  at  thc   pris  few moments, and  oner  then  The judge  keenly for a  said:: ~" 7" ���������".'-  "It'strikes^me forcibly I have seen  your face before.''  "That's where I always wear it," replied'the prisonr, sullenly.  Then the court laughed, and it took  some time to restore order.���������Tit-Bits.  Not  What She Ordered  "Ma'am, here's a' man at the door  with a parcel for you."  "What is it, Bridget?"  "It's a fish, ma'am, and it's marked  C.O.D."     "'  "Then make the man take it straight  hack to the dealer.   I ordered trout.  A  Queer Question  "I have come to consi'lt you," she  said to the prominent lawyer.  "What is the trouble?"  "I have received three proposals of  marriage, and I do not know which to  accer1-."  "Which man has the most money?"  "Do you imagine," she asked, "that,  if I know T would consult you or any  other lawyer?"���������Birmingham Age-  Herald.  Tale of Two Lakes  Lake Baikal!, in Central Asia, and  Lake Tanganyika, in Central Africa,  furnish similar problems ^for scientists, as both are fresh water, removed  fronr-oceans, yet both contain deep  se \ fish.  Koreans and Chinese  While the Chinese do not care for  alcoholic  drinks, but are addicted to  opium, the Koreans like strong drink  and do not care for opium.  Mean  Bix���������My -wife is never  am out of her sight.  Dick���������My   wife   doesn't  trust  -Yonkers Statesman.  either.  Interference  is never happy when  me,  Guest-  Only the  Seventh  -Delightful   party  you     arc  having tonight, old fellow  Host���������Yes. I am giving it to my  wife. It is the seventh anni/ersary of  her   twenty-eighth   birthday.���������Censor.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Dandruff.  First Crude Ones   r hat Were  sued-by Great .Britain  The adhesive postage stamp had its  origin in England as a direct outcome  of the, postal reforms introduced by  Sir Rowland Hill, whose master mind  created hot only the inestimable boon  cf penny postage,, but the means by  which it was carried into_ effect���������the  adhesive postage stamps.  At thc time of the, passing of the  uniform penny postage act in .1839 all  postal charges were paid in cash (usually on delivery) involving an enormous amount of bookkeeping on thc  part of the post office, which would  have- been increased a hundredfold  when the' reduced rates of postage  came Into force but for the suggestion  of the great postal reformer for "a bit  of paper just large enough to bear tho  stamp and coated at the back with a  glutinous wash," , being .subsequently  embodied in the' famous one penny  black postage lal.el and its consort,  tlie twopence blue, which made their  debut in .May. 1S-10, and were the progenitors of all adhesive postage  stamps.  '/or three short, years Great Britain'  enjoyed a monopoly of this novel and  handy method of collocti :;; postag?,  until in July, 1843, the enlightened  empire of Brazil followed suit with x  series of native manufacture,  with large numerals of value  of a design.'  In 1848 the United States  the field with two beautifully  cd portraits of franklin and Washing  ton, while the head of Ceres, the goddess of agriculture.-founrt p.acc on the  first stamps of the French republic, en-,  graved by the elder "Uarro, which  made their debut on Jan. j., JS-10.���������  Strand Magazine.  Ginger 8 vim  follow tlie tise of  25 and 60c, at all Druggi&trj  and stores.    TaKj Abbey Vita Tablets  for Sick Wrrves.  adorned  in place  entered  engrnv-  Minard's Liniment Cures Burns, etc.  Warts will render the prettiest  hands unsightly. Clear the excrescences away by using Hollo\vayg!jt?gorii  Cure, which acts thoroughly and'?pain-  le*3sly.  Quick Change -~   <  |    <7I   would  rather  see   my  daughter  l married   to   a   poor  man   whom" sho  really loved than "to. the richest man  in  the world  if  she  didn't care  for  him."  "Well, you get your wish. I saw her  about ton minutes ago eloping with  one of your underpaid clerks."  "Good heavens! Where? Speak,  man! Maybe I can head them off before it is forever too late."���������Chicago  Record-Herald.  Subways   of   Knowledge '   '  The foPowing dcfiri'tioas taken  from school exaniin ition papers 'are  examples of those' school mistakes  whore one can see traces of thc right  :dcn. without definite form in the  writer's brain:  ."TI.e base of a triangles ': .he side  which  we don't talk about."  "The subjunctive- mood is used in  a dov.htful manner."  "Rapids are pieces of water which  rim with groat force down thc middle  of rivers."  "Excommunication means that no  ono is to speak to somo .one."  They furnish good illustrations of  the smattering of knowledge, leading  to only a partial develojmie.it of the  i reasoning faculty, which is rather  characteristic of our rapid fire present day system of education.  "You sav vour w'fe never loses at  bridge?"  "Never. If the game goes her way  she wins. But if it goes against her  I lose."���������Washington Star.  ��������� A Magical Towel  One of the newest sanitary devices  for use in public or semi-public lavatories, like those in hotels and factories, is an electrical substitute for  the towel. According to the Electrical  World, this electrical hand drier is i.i  appearance merely a sheet-iron case,  with an opening in the top. In using  it, you put your hands in the opening,  and with your foot press a pedal at  the bottom of the case- The pedal  starts a blower, which in turn forces  air through the electric heater, and  sends a warm current of it over your  hands. Your hands will, it is said, be  thoroughly dry in from thirty to for-  j ty seconds���������muchjless time than anyone ordinarily needs in order to/dry  them with a towel. The hand drier  is quite sanitary, for in usin^' it you  do not. have to touch any part of it.  Gossip  ' "One-half of the    women    in    this  world  retail  gossip,"  remarked    Mr.  Stubb as he lit his after-super cigar.  "Quite considerate of you not to to  say all of them retail gossip," snapped  Mrs. Stubb as she washed the dishes.  "Oh, no, only'half, Maria. The other  half  wholesale it."���������London   Express.  After 10 Years of Asthma Dr. ,T. D.  Kellogg's Asthi-.a Remedy "pro-, of. thc  only relief for one grateful user, and  this h but one cure among many. Little wonder ll.at it has now become  tho one recognized remedy on tho  market. It has earned its far^e by its  nv/er failing effectiveness. It is earn-  in;; if. today, as it has done for yearj.  It is the greatest asthma specific within the reach of suffering hununity.  Standards of Machinery  The statemen has frequently been  made that farm machinery is net designed so much as it it built by rule  of thumb. Tho fact that practically  all of it must do its work while travelling over the ground makes economy of power :.nd light ".sight tha  first eonsiderat'on. frequently the  factor of .safely in some important  j-arts'is cut to too low a point as a  result and considerable experimenting  is required before the machine is  equally strong in every ,)art. It has  been felt, however, by the manufacturers and educators who are members of the American Society of Agri--'  cultural .Engineers that some basic  principles could . be Vorked ov.t in  connection with farm machinery. The-  committee on standards has made a "  good start in this direction, but is  first taking up some of the miliar  problems which causo a great deal  of grief for both maker anc". user. The  question of standardizing parts so  that (lie cost of repairs can be reduced���������is regarded one of first- importance. - Such matters as standard  screw threads; height of wheel, width  of tire and width of tread in wag- .  pons; plough sizes and shapes; singletrees, doubletrees and evencrs for  implements, are all receiving attention by tho committee, of which Prof.  J. B. Davidson, of Iowa State College,  is (ho active haad. The gas engine  >s receiving its share of attention,  especially in connect'on witli a uniform method of ��������� rating tho horsepower. Tin's will apply \q both stationary aud traction engines. Soma  progress is being made also in ��������� recommendations for standard ignition  apparatus. TliD committee will present a report at the December meeting of-" the society, and thc papers  will be printed.  Make   up   For   it  "So Kate 'and Alice '.re not-' ort  speaking terms." *  "No, but they more than makt- up  for it by what they sav about ^ch  other."���������-Boston -Transcript.  Pat Ahead  An Irish soldier serving in India so  disliked the climate that he decided  to make an effort to get sent home.  With this object he complained to the  doctor that his eyesight was bad.  "How can you prove that to me," said  thc doctor. At a loss Pat looked  round the room before answering.  "Well, doctor, you se������ Hiai-:������-���������������','In the  "Yes," replied the doctor.  "Well," said Pat, "I can't."  Pacific Blockades  The phrase "pacific blockade" is almost a contradiction of terms, but is  -used in international law. i'or"want of a  better. It means the blockade of jmrts  of another country in"* time, of peace  without the intention of waging war;  in other words, it is'a peaceable act of  war. Some writdrs on international  law insist that- the blockade of the  ports of a foreign country is itself an  act of war without regard to the motive of future-intentions, but as a  means of reprisal or of compelling thc  settlement of international disputes it  has become an established feature of  the laws of nations.���������Philadelphia  Press.  "Of the  wheat and  throughout  come   from  Felt Her Part  "She did the mad scene'very well."  "All   primed  for   it.    She  had  just  been going over the meagre receipts  in the box office."���������Kansas City Journal.  in-  e.v-  Assisted by occasional use  of Cuticura Ointment.  Cutlmira Soap nnd Olntmc/it nro sold throughout  tlift world. A llljcnil Kumple of r-acli. with 32-pauc  HkliiTiook.Bent post-free. j\drlrc������8 I'ottor JJtul' it  Cliem. Corp., jUept. 2JC, Boston, U. 9. A.   .  w. v.. u. -ion  Insurance and Assurance  What is the difference between  surunco and assurance? An expert  plained it. Fire, shipwreck, accident,  burglary, mumps or any'disease are  eventualities, and you can consequently insure against them. :3ut death is  a certainly against Avhich no company  will insure you. But you secure the  assurance that a definite sum of  money will be paid on its occurrence.  ���������London Chronicle.  The Reform He Advocated  The editor of a British weekly journal, wishing to know what reforms  well known men desired to see effected  during the year, once applied to Sir  W. S. Gilbert, among others. The  author of "The Mikado" answered:  "Dear Sir,���������A reform which I am particularly anxious to see carried into  effect is that editors would jcease to  trouble busy people for gratuitous  contributions."  Miss Young���������What in your opinion  Is the best time for a girl to marry?"  Miss Rider���������Whenever the man is  willing.  The 'old gentleman's, wife was getting into a earfiuge, .lu,.:..^,,^.!. x.  to assist her.  "You are not so gallant. John, as  when I was a. gal," she exclaimed, in  gentle rebuke.  "No," was his ready response  you are not so buoyant as when  a boy!"���������Tit-Bits.  T  'and  was  Amplifying IJ  "I understand Colonel Flushby gave  a good account of himself in the war."  "So ho did and has been giving a  better one ever since.'���������Baltimore  Sun.  Food Shortage Next Yea.'  The London Chronicle says: "A  ti..icly warning to prepare against-the  inevitable shortage in the world's supply of foodstuffs is given by Lord Mil-  ner who points ..out that although the  present harvest is abundant, immense  decrease" in the production of 191.il  must result from tho fact (hat all the  able bodied males of France, Germany,  Austria and Russia are now engaged  in iigh'.'.ng.  -050,000,000 quarters of-  rye annually produced  the world, 350,OCO,000  theso countries, and the  other producing countries canuot possibly make up the deficiency.  "Lord iVIilner predicts tint   -in--'tlu  latter half of next year,- if not before,  all the nations which live on Wheat or  rye, will be competing fiercely for n;  share   in   the   diminished   supply."    j  The   wireless  station   at  the  Eiffe;  Tower in Paris could     easily get its  messages   to   St.   Pe tort burg    direct,  for it  is  tho most powerful  wireless'  station  on   the  continent.    The    terrific "sparking"    from    its antennae,  nearly  1,000   feet  above   the   ground  is so distinct    that those conversant  with   the  Morse  code   can     read   its  time and ; weather.'���������-,reports'" in   . the  streets  of  Paris  without  any  instruments.    But    there    is   no powerful  wireless station ir. Russia/   and    the  i nitndabout route    will - be.-.iiArp/-""' y  I he Briush government is building a  station more than 500 feet above sea  level in a remote part of Oxfordshire,  which will have a dozen masts, each  as high as St. Paul's Cathedral.    The  station will bo able, it is anticipated,  to get into direct communication with  Egypt  in   the  daytimo   and   possibly  with   India  at night,  when  the ctheV  is always a better carrier.  Thc Perfect Life  "Their home life is ideal." '"     -,__  "Is that so?" -"  "Yes; she goes abroad in tlie sunt  mer and he goes south in the winter.  Perfect, isn't it?"���������Buffalo Express.  Wife (after callers had gone)���������How  dare yon scold me before company?  Hub���������Well, you kuow, my dear, I  don't dare lo do it when ��������� -e are by  ourselves.���������Boston Transcript:"*  Selfish  ' "T don't like. Mrs. Wombat.'Wants  to talk about her poodle all the time."  'Ts that so?"  "Yes.    She never, seems to care to  hear about my -anary."  Bad Blood--~-~ ���������������"���������"-  is thc direct and inevitable result of  irregular or constipated bowels and  cloggccl-up kidneys and skin. Tha  undigested food and other v.astc matter which is allowed to accumulate  poisons the blood' and the whole  system. Dr. Morse's Indian Root Pills  act directly on the bowels, i jgulating  them���������on thc kidneys, giving them  case and strength to properly filter the  blood���������and on the akin, opening up  thc pores. -For pure blood and good  health take  Dr. M os*se;'s    ������  Indian Root Pills  that  'gag-  A friend told Sir Herbert Tree  another   well-known  actor  had  god" in a Shakespeare play.  "Ah!" was tho renlv. "but you must  remember that both he. and I are licensed gaggists. Indeed, we might be  called'dag and Maygng."���������London Express.  "Why are yo;. so down on Briggs,  thc hotolkccper? '  "Me gave me bad quarters  (hange for a good dollar."���������  Transcript.  in  ox-  Boston  Art thou anvil, be patient; art thou  hammer, strike hard.���������German Proverb.  One reason why man i  woman      is   because   n.  knows where ho got his  Cincinnati TCnquiror.  3 superior to  man always  'icadachos.���������  Sweet food the year  round when you have  Post Toasties.  Delicious bits of choicest  Indian Corn, rolled- thin as a  leaf and toasted to a golden  brown. ���������      .^y���������-^  Brought to you fresh, cfSpt  and sweet, in moisture prt^f  packages���������always ready fL  the table.  Open the package in a jiffy,  add cream or milk���������maybe  a  little  sugar.  For  supper  breakfast,    lunch    or  Jriioi/'  Toasties  ���������Fine!  ���������sold   by  grocers  Canadian Postum Cereal Co., Ltd.,  Windsor, Ont.  iKMMiuiiuuiiijmiMiiJuuiJJuiim^  ^liVHU'JIAtffLMJJIkiAII^ THE ' SUN,'  GKAND" FORKS,    B. C.  ������:.BeaI teiau 'SimolaUoa'  raw  A itralshUcnTud ceniiren  oC������ iltom   u   eatablhbiid  6xm.    Wo urn firing ������ww  W������teie3   to ;tboaauati    ot  " ' rsoplo all '"orec   tlie  world   m    t>    hnca  Klrertlaement.    Mow,  I*   rour   tluuiiM   to  ' obtain om. -  Wrlta  now,    cnflJojIiid   13  eeata lor ona 'ot  our  twhlontljln Lodloi.'  lane     Guard*,      or  GonU'   Alberta,   tact  ���������iirrliw paid > to-wear  with tlu watch, which  will   b������-(nlTOT.-Frca  (thoso    watehex    ara  1 cuaranteeil 4������������ rcan),  ���������hoald roa toko rut-  ��������� _ -nratsgo ot oar rocurul-   .-i7������,eni<wt, roa. to . tall, yonr,.frlonda  It&cai ca mid show them the beantltnl natch.  Don't thlnl.thlJ offer.too good to be.trao, but tend  23 oonta to-<Ur end aaln e.'Frta. Watch.t Ton  trill b������ aurawxl.���������THMJAMB-a-LLOTD, Wholenal*  JowaUen (Copt.US). 69, Cornwall!* Kosd. London, H���������-  iliwlani       ____________________    ' Jt  i Imm -otto.  Ontario Veterinary College  Under,   the    control    of   tha   Depart-  me7it     of    Agriculture    of    Ontario.  Established 18G2.  Affiliated     -with     the   University   of  Toronto.  "N.B.���������College      will     re-open     on  Thursday, the 1st of October, 1314, In  tho.' new   College  Building-,   110  University Avenue.  TORONTO, CANADA.     "  Calendar on Application.  E.' A. A. Grange, V.S., M.S., Principal  ��������� _ . ' ������������������ A Suggestive Guess .,-,  _,',BisliSp "Ingram; -Lord Bishop of .London,- England/ has a -pleasant" habit of  .chatting .with anybody he may meet  during'-his walks. One day in the  country he came across a lad who  was looking after some pigs by the  roadside, and the bisliop paused to,  ask him what he-was doing, that being  his, usual"opening- to.conversation: ���������;  , ,"Moindin';SWOine," .the,lad, replied,  stolidly.' *> '   !:  The   -bishop    nodded    his      head  (thoughtfully.. '.    '.      ���������':-.;-���������-  -. ;','Ali, ;-'is ��������� that so?" ,he- commented.'  "And how.much do you' earn'a'week?"  "'"Two shillings'!" was the reply.  "Only two shillings?" remarked the  bisliop. "Then"he"continued, pleasantly, "J, "too, am~,'a .shepherd,: but.<I get  more than two'shillings'." .������������������':',;���������  ; Tho lad looked at him.'suspiciously  for a minuter then he said/slowly: ���������'  "Mebbe you' gels"-more swoine rior  me to moind." ''  The Bench and the Bar  Sir Edward Carson, the eminent  lawyer, and leader of the Ulster covenanters, is usually very serious in  demeanor, but he is a master in the  art of making witty and telling retorts.  During one case in which he appeared, he had more than one' passage of  arms with the judge, who finally drew  attention to a discrepancy between  the evidence by two of Sir Edward's  principal witnesses, one of whom was  a carpenter and the other a publican.  "That's so, my lord," instantly retorted Sir Edward. '"Yet another case  of difference between the bench and  the bar!"  What Germany Has Sacrificed.  By act of war Germany cut herself  off-- from; -trade /' with'.'Great Britain  that in 1911 amounted.to ?-187,000,000;  from trade with' the Russian empire  that" in that year rose to $815,000,000,  and from the 'French -trade, " which  was "then $2G6,000,000.'' German exports, and-imports-rose- from $3,639,-  000,000 in 1908.- to ?4,715,000,000 in  1912. The British navy, aided'by'the  ���������French fleet in the, Mediterranean,  and the small'Russian fleet, in the  Baltic, has blockaded the ' vast bulk  of this- trade, entering and departing  iii ships carrying yearly' 100,000 cargoes from, German ports,, the chief of  which-.are-Hamburg, Bremen, .Stettin,  Allo.ona, Luebeck, Danzig and Warne-  meunde. Of the groat mercantile navy  which the fleets of the Triple Entente  are holding in check, more than three-  quarters belongs to the German nation.���������New York Times.  "What can I use to clean carpets?"  asked a correspondent, who signed  herself, rather bashfully. "Young  Bride."  "Have you tried your husband?"  replied the answers editor," who lost  his position just a few .hours after  the reply appeared.  Quite Successful .  . A well known English bishop, as he  was going about his. diocese, stopped  the porter of a lunatic asylum, and  asked how a chaplain whom he, the  bishop, ' had lately appointed, was  getting on. "'  "Oh, my lord," said the man, " 'is  preaching is most successful. The  hidiots henjoys it partickler!"  - Its Virtue Cannot be Described.���������  No one can explain the subtle power  that Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil possesses. The originator was himself  surprised by the Avondorful qualities  that his compound possessed. That he  was the benefactor of humanity is  shown by the myriads that rise in  praise of this wonderful Oil. So famil-.  iar is everyone with it that it is  prized as a household medicine everywhere.  Survivor of Siege of Lucknow .  The death has just taken place at  Edinburgh of Mrs. Elizabeth Anderson, who was one of the few remaining lady survivors of the siege of  Lucknow. At the time of this stirring event in history, Mrs. Anderson's  husband, Dr. Thomas Anderson, who  was a son of Mr. Thomas Anderson,  for many years secretary of the Na-  ational bank, was a medical officer in  India, and was stationed at Delhi.  Mrs. Anderson was on a visit to Lucknow when the mutiny broke out, and  she remained in the beleaguered city  for nine months, and she used to recall that she was present in the taile-  hana, or collar, to which Europeans  went to escape the heat, immediately  underneath the room to which Sir  Henry Lawrence was taken when the  distinguished general fell.  Minard's   Liniment  for  sale   everywhere.  BABY'IS VERY COMFORTAB1.E AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs.- Winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������NOT NARCOTIC  -  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  ,   Something   better   than   linen ,and   blfr  ���������laundry   bills      Wash   It   with   soap   and  water.    All-stores or direct.    State style  *nd size.    For 26c   we will mail you. -s  THE- ARLINGTON   COMPANY   OF CANADA,  Limited  68 Frag������r Avenu������, Toronto, Ontario   /  "Why, Mrs. Murphy, you look quite  festive today.   What's the matter?"  "Wot! 'Aven't you 'eard my Bill  comes out today?"  "But I thought the judge give him  seven years."    .,  "Yes, but they're letting 'im out  nearly two years earlier cos 'e's behaved so well."  "Lor,' Mrs. Murphy, what a comfort  it must be to 'ave such a good  'usband!" '    '  Minard's Linir.-,ent Relieves Neuralgia-  Very Restive  The Caller���������You say that your son  dislikes the country- and wants to go  to the city.   Does he seem, very restive at home?  . Mrs.   Tungtwist���������������������������Yes;    he's  awful-  restive.    He  ain't done nothin' .but  rest since he graduated from college.  ���������Princeton Tiger.    .,  "Oh, thank you!" exclaimed an  elderly woman to a laborer, who surrendered his seat in a London 'bus.  "Thank you very much."  "That's orl right; mum," was the  rejoinder.  As the woman sat down the chivalrous laborer said:  "Wot I sez is, a man never crt to  lot a woman stand. Some men  never gets up unless she's young and  pretty; but you see, mum, it don't  make no difference to me."  The Solidarity of the Empire  The most astounding fact in this  striking manifestation of imperial solidarity is its spontaneity and its unanimity. And this spontanaity, which  has demolished! in' a moment the  theories opposed to 'the principle of  imperial, unity, has shown the solidity  of,, the bond which unites the varied  parts of the empire. All the citizens  of tlie empire today realize that there  exists between theni a solidarity of interest which all have a duty to de  fa no mora riocesSary  than Smallpox; Army  experience has demonstrated  tbe almost miraculous effl-  tacjvand hannlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  your family.   It is more vital than house Insurance.' \  Ask your physician, dru__lst, or send for "Havu  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine,  Jesuits from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  THC CUTTER LABORATORY,  BERKELEY, CAL,  fSOBUClNa VACCINES ft SERUMS UNBER U. S, SOV. LICUSI  The Tourist  (spending a week-end  fend in equal measure.���������La Patrie.  in the village, to the oldest inhabit-1 '  Sure of Herself  "Do you think," asked the widower,  ���������"you could learn to love my children  as you would if they were your own?"  "Oh, yes," replied the anxious maid-  an. - "I think I should care more for  them really than if they were my own,  because I shouldn't have to worry so  much about them if they got hurt or  /were sick."���������Chicago Record-Herald.  Complete in itself, Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator does not require  ihe-assistance of any other medicine  4ojnake it effective.   It does not fail  Jo do its"worfe"i*"   "    "**���������-���������..���������_  ant)���������-Well, I don't know what you  do here. It's certainly the most dead-  and-alive show I was ever in.  The Oldest Inhabitant���������Ah, you  ought to wait till next week, zur, and  zee how the place 'ull be stirred up  then.  . The Tourist���������Why, what's on next  week?      ���������   - "��������� ���������  The Oldest Inhabitant���������Ploughin'.���������  Sketch  "Do you play, any instrument,  Mr.  Jimp?"    ���������  "Yes, I'm a cornetist."  "And  your sister?"      ���������  . "She's a, pianist."  "Does your mother p'lay?"  "She's   a  zitherist."  "And your father?"        ~:  "He's  a pessimist."���������Ladies'  Home  Journal.  Corns Between the Toes  or on the soles of the feet, can be  cured by a few applications of Putnam's Corn Extractor, which acts painlessly, quickly and with certainty. The  genuine "Putnam's" always cures. Try  it.  "Well; madam, is your husband out  of danger?"'  "It isn't quite sure; the doctor is  joining again."���������Le Hire.  Miss Flirt���������Jack told me last night  ihat������ I was his very life.  Her Brother���������Jack will soon find  out.how uncertain life is.���������Boston  Transcript.  No Room-Mates  Little Frank was. trying hard to sit  up late, but had grown very sleepy.  The visitor in whose honor bedtime had been retarded noted and  made comment:  ��������� "I reckon you usually go to bed  with the chickens,' he said with a  ���������SB!iI&.  "No,"l"tmnTt'r*''Sn'appbi,-Frahkie, Insulted. "I have a room all to myself."  Whist ft.  An acquaintance of Talleyrand once  remarked to him that he did not think  it worth his while to learn the game  of whist. Talleyrand's reply has been  remembered until this day: "Not  know whist, young man? What a dismal old age you are preparing for  yourself!" ~~  W. N. U. 1010  The young man had just been accepted. In his rapture he exclaimed,  "But do you think my love I am good  enough for you?"  His strong-minded fiancee looked  sternly at him for a moment and replied "Good enough for me? You've  got to be!"  England is the holder of the world's  supply of tin. and the tremendous advance in the price of that metal, since  war made demands upon it, the printers are feeling the increases" in the  cost of alloys Used for linotype, mono-  line and other lines of type.  FOOD FACTS  What an   M.D.  Learned  "T am convinced," said Mrs. Twick-  enbury, "that we should save largely  on dentist's bills if we should buy  each of the children one of thosft new  pyrotechnic toothbrushes."���������Christian  Register.  First Artist���������The umbrella you lent  me?   I have lent it to a friend.   ���������  Second   Artist���������That  hi  very  awkward.    The  man  who  lent it  to  my.  friend tells me that tiie owner wants i are genuine, true, and full of human  it���������Le Rire. Interest.  A prominent Georgia physician went  through a food experience which he  makes public.  "It was my own experience that first  led me to advocate Grape-Nuts food  and I also know, from having proscribed it to convalescents and other  weak patients, that tho food is a wonderful rebuilder and restorer of nerve  and brain tissue, as well as muscle.  It improves the digestion and sick  patients gain very rapidly, just as I  did in strength and weight.  "I was in such a low state that I  had to give up my work entirely, and  went to the mountains of this state,  but two months there did not improve  mo; in fact, I was not quite as" well as  when I left home.  "My food did not sustain me and  it became plain that I must change.  Then I began to use Grape-Nuts food  and in two weeks I could walk a mile  without fatigue; and in five vceks returned to my home and practice, taking up hard work again. Since that  time I have felt as well and strong  as I ever did in my life. ;.  "As a physician who seeks to help  all sufferers, I consider it a duty to  mak^ these facts public." Name given  by Canadian Postum Co., Windsor,  Ont.  Trial 10 days of Grape-Nuts, when  regular food does not seem to sustain  thc body, works wonders. "There's a  .Reason."  Look 1n pkgs. for the famous little  boolc-, "The Road to Wellville."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time.   They  \IS/':*Y^', ' 'Everybody calls them  '^AND nitro club  'The Speed Shells,"  for short'  j   '  Steel Lined, all the explosive force kept back  of the shot.    No side expansion.   A straightaway-  blow that geta the load there quick.  You take a shorter lead on the fast birds���������get  more-of them.  To net the Spaed Shell1: ue sure to ficc the i?ed Ball  ,j    ,    Mark of Romin^ton-UMO on every box.  \ f       Also ask for the "Rcniincton," our new low priced  ,,i>l    ' smokeless shell, made for ihc mnn who needs to.con-  ������������^/ B'c'er Price rather than extreme relincment.  To keep your r������tin cleaned nnd luhricixt'.-d right, uss  %^" *%. 'Rcm ������"> tl,e new Powder solvent, rust preventative.  r -*"������   nnd cun lubricant.  Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Co.  Windsor, Ontario  ocrease- s  9  OKmSKKin)  s e  ectiort  To reassure our customers and the T.acle generally in the face of  so many advances and rumored advances in the cost of food products,  Tea, Coffee, etc., we have decided to announce definitely that there  will be no advance in price of COWAN'S PERFECTION COCOA  in 5-Ib., 1-lb., Vi-h., }{-\b. and 10c. ti: s, between now and Christmas.  Further than this we cannot look ahe::d.  We believe it to be the duty of all Canadian. Manufacturers to do  their utmost during the present crisis to show iheir belief in the underlying  soundness of Canada's commeicia*. conditions. This announcement is  made in face of the fact that the Cowan Company have had to pay an  advanced price for some of their raw materials; buJit is believed that  increased demand from Atlantic to Pacific, because of falling foreign  imports and embargos on teas and coffees, will offset other conditions  and enable our largely increased factory to run full time with full or  increased staff at full wages.  The Cowan Company, as manufacturers of an article of unusual  food value, are sincerely anxious to do their share in allaying anxiety  as to employment, wages and food supplies.  Do You Realize the Food Value  of COCOA and CHOCOLATE?  Cocoa and Chocolate are foods as staple as flour. Cocoa is not  a luxury, but a staple necessity of life, and, considered from the standpoint of its value as nourishment in concentrated form pure Cocoa at  50c. a pound is a most economical food.  The food value of Cocoa and Chocolate has been recognized for  many years in Great Britain and Europe. The highest medical authorities have made the ctatemsnt that Cocoa and Chocolate are the most  sustaining of all foods in concentrated form. European soldiers almost  universally carry ChocoI?.te in their kits as an emergency ration in case  of food shortage, or fatigue :n forced marches, and viewed from this  standpoir t the late Que-:n Victoria's gift to her soldiers in South Africa,  takes on a new significance.  We all ppreciate Tea and Coffee, but, after all is said, thesa  beverages are m rely pleasant, slightly stimulating drinks, with little or  no food vr.lr.e. Co an's Perfection Cocoa, on the contrary is a splendid  food as well as drink, end a delightful drink as"well as food.  Cowan's Perfection Cocoa is sold fay a!I Grocers  in 5Jb, lib, >^lb, #lb, and in 10c. tins.  30S  THE   COWAN   COMPANY,   L!  H. N. COWAN, President.  JTED  The only Public Owned.  Stockyard  in  Canada. :  SHIP   YOUR   CATTLE,   HOGS,   SHEEP   TO   REGINA        .  Competitive Buying, Fair Weights, Highest Prices, Good Accommodation.  For information write to the  INDUSTRIAL COMMISSIONER, CITJ HALL, REGINA  ���������    "���������     The New Live Slock Market.  Guard   the   rising-   generation   by    using*   always  in  the  home  EDDY'S <ffiW:- NON-POISONOUS MATCHES..  Positively harmless to children, even if accidentally  swallowed, because the composition with which the  heads are tipped,  contain no poisonous ingredients  Water Power  Few would expect to find any connection between a modern hydro-electric plant and a prayer. The connection is indeed remote, but not undis-  covcrable. The first application of  water power to mechanical purposes  svas made by Buddhist priests when  they employed the energy of running  streams to the work of turning prayer  wheels. That, then, may be said to  constitute the origin of the application  of water power to perforin man's labors, the foreshadowing of the great  industrial development now in progress for the harnessing of the world's  " iitorl'alls, rivers and streams.  "Is this train running on fimc?"  "I should say fo," answered the conductor. "It can't run any other way.  The company has had. to got so many  extensions of credit that the whole  road is running on time."���������Washington Star.  Queen's ..Treasures  Among the specially treasured personal belongings which always go  with the queen from one royal residence to another, are a Bible arid a  shawl, both wedding presents' from  the late .Mrs. Gladstone. Altogether  there arc some thirty articles on tlie  -list, including ten photographs of  different members of the royal family.  A    young   man    idle,    an chl  man  needy.���������Italian Proverb.  Try Murine Eye   Remedy  If you have Red, Weak, Watery Eyce  or Granulated Eyelids. Don't Smart���������  Bootheg Eyo Pain. Druggists Sell Mi>  rlno Eye Remedy, Liquid, 25c, 50c. M������.  rine Eye Salvo in Aseptic Tubea 25o^  60c.    Eye Book Free by Mall,  Aa Er������ Tank C������ii |>f All Eyej Ittt Neid C*r������  MURINE EYE REMEDY CO., Chicago ~~.,-,%v^ ___-,  ���������-riaroA-rtrt'i !i.L>c,w^\i*p^������.tritV-n&������,  t.f ttr-Vf MrV -*���������������^n-  *������i-+,i*.~_Mjr_������_t_u-ii:i_S_, i j__  THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  1 Williamson, of   Vancouver, in their  . >  ������i> (SratthSfnrfea #wt addre8BeB and the diBCUB, , _htoh  S.  A.   EVANS.  EDITOR  AND  PUBLISHER    fo���������0_ed     sp_ke      ���������������      8Uch   WJJlCH  ������S  ' "The   Sunday  School,   a ' World,"  suBsoBiPTioH batbb :     . "The   Call   of   the  Chiid." "Sorne;  One Year  ?i.su  New Things in  Elementary arid   in  One Year (In advance)  1.00   n,       . Wmi-I* "     nTUJ���������l,or   'IViin  OneYear, hi United States :  1.60    lee-Age    V\ orU, leaClier    IM1I1-  Considerahle   emphesiB  Don't  wait  too long  to  have that  Address all communications to  Thb Grand Forks Sua,  Phonk R74 Guamd Forks, B. C  FRIDAY, OCTOBER  30,   1914  Bobb Sutherland, late manager of  the New Westminster Daily New-;, is  taking over the management of the  Nelson Dally News from W, Garland Foster, who expects to go to  the front with the Canadian contingent now being enlisted. Mr.  ' Foster will be greatly miss������d by  every member of the fourth estate  in this province, as well as by every  reader of the Daily News. During  the six years he has been connected  with the News, he has made thai  paper one of the best newspapers in  British Columbia. He will undoubtedly make as good a soldier as  he has proved himself clever as'an  editor, and thereby gain distinction  ou the field of honor.  Budding humorists should select  a more appropriate subject for their  jests than the present war. No person with brains would treat this  subject with levity. To write good  humor requires a large amount of  grey matter. The lack of this probably explains the reason why they  choose this theme.  This would'have been a pleasant  world if a wise providence had allotted us sixty years in which to  gather experience, and then turned  our ages back to twenty and al-  1 jwed us to live our lives over again  in a rational manner.  Shylocks who demand their pound  of flesh at this critical period of the  empire's history are as great a menace to .the country as the German  spies, and should be meted out the  same treatment.  The Sun today takes much pleasure in   celebrating  the   fourteenth  ���������anniversary   of   its   birth.    It   will  soon be older than" its proprietor.  Sunday School Work  A Sunday school workers' meeting was held on Wednesday evening in Knox church to hear addresses by Mesdames King and  Barlow on the recent Nelson Dis.,  trict Sunday school convention.  Both ladies furnished an array  of facts and figureB regarding  the great Sunday school movement  t at were very interesting and prac  tical. At the close a unanimous  standing vote of thanks was tendered the delegates.  At the convention the leading  speakers, R. C. Pearce and Mrs.  Bryner, of Chicago; Rev. G.T. Pratt,  of Seattle, and Field Secretary I. N.  ing," etc.  was laid upon the great advantages  of the new system of graded lessons  wherehy the factn and -teachings of  sacred scriptures were carefully  adapted to trie different ages of the  ooung. Missions, the speakers all  claimed, should have a prominent  place in the Sunday school program,  as also tempereiice.  Some of the interesting facts reported by the delegates were as follows: There, is now an army of  thirty millions in the weekly Sun  day schoui systematic study of the  Bible. The vastness of this army  may be imagined by the fact that  if they vveie marshalled abreast, six  feet ap.trl. and marched at the usual pac^ past a given point, for six  days a week, it would lake them a  year and eight mouths to  pass.  There are approximately $16 per  beau spent in the secular education  of the boys and girls, where there  are only 46 cent.- expended on the  religious education of the child, yet  the churches*"recruit from the Sunday schools 75 per cent of their con  gregations, 85 per cent of their  church membership, 90 per cent ol  their ministers, and 95 per cent ot  their missionaries for gospel, medical and educational work.  reset.   Your diamond set  while you wait.  '     We have a  nice line of  mounts in stock now  Ai D, MORRISON _rande^orks.bi./c!  Another Long Word  A reader has sent us a <v0ni still  longer than those recently printed in  The Companion. This word, like the  others, is German; no one can compete with the Teuton iu word-  joinery,  The word is Vierwaldstattersees-  alonschraubendampfeiaktienconkur-  renzgesellschaftbureau, and it means,  office of  the   stock   company   that  runs screw-propeller, saloon steamboats on the lake of the four forest  cantons���������in Switzerland.���������Youth's  Companion.  Free War Maps  Thfj time is getting short to secure  the very best war map tree of charge.  Our offer of The Sun and that great  wepklv, The Family Herald and  Weekly Star of Montreal, for one  year each at SI .50, including the  great war map. is the greatest value  ever offered iu C-niada. The offer is  good for a short time only.  The map is 30x40 inches, in a  very neat, folder of convenient siz--.  Every su'-scriber to The Sun should  take ad vantage-of this offer before  the maps are withdrawn  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR"  FREE FROM DAMDRTJFF  Girls! ,Try It!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  Conceit, arrogance and  ignorance  usually flourish on the same stem.  The man who'kicks about the  weather in the Boundary at present  should be sent to the front.  10 CENT "CASCAE3TS"   -  IF BILIOUS OR COSTIVE  For  Sick   Headache,   Sour   Stom&ch,  Sluggish Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you  sleep.  Furred Tongue, Bad TasL'., Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches come from a torpid liver and  clogged bowels, which cause your  stomach to become filled with undigested food, which sours and ferments,  like garbage in a swill barrel. That's  the first step to untold misery���������indigestion, foul gases, bad breath, yellow  skin, mental fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating. A Cascaret  to-night "will give your constipated  bowels a thorough cleansing and  straighten you out by morning. They  work while you sleep���������a 10-cent box  from your druggist will keep you feeling good for months.  If yo;i cr.ro for heavy hair that glistens v.-ith beauty and is radiant with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and  lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its -strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishness^and itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Knowiton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it  The Sun gathers   and   prints   the  news first.     It is not a pirate.  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and piints   the-news  of the  city and district first.  The Sun only costs 81 a year.    It  prints all the news.  Tenders W<  anted  In the Matter of the Estate of Charles  Dundee. Deceased.  .- TENDERS will be received by the  undersigned up to the 10th day of  Novemhe.1,'491-1. for the purcha-e .of  certain portions of lots 750 and 883,  Group One. in the Osoyoos Division ef  Yale District, in the Province of  British Columbia, particulars of which  portions may be obtained at the office  of the undersigned. The highest or  any tender not necessarily accepted.  Dated at Rossland, B.C., this 20th  dav of January*, A. D. 1914.  E. S. H. WINN.  Solicitor for Administrator,  Rossland, B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed.that lays  .  persistently.  YEARLING HENS  FOIl SALE.  S. G, R. I, RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  E.B.W. MILLS ���������VS���������  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  from F. E. Shantz' Office, Bridge Street  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  perishable freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  NSGO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Bay  Your  Gait Goal  ���������������  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TuiiEI'HONKB;  Officii:, K<!6 ���������*������������������������ CfrPPt  HANSKN'fiRl!8IDBNCK.R38 ' " *** "ll GCI  W. J. GALIPEAU, MANAGER  Contractors for   Cement  Sidewalks,   Foundations   and  Basements. .        ;      ���������  Manufacturers of Concrete Fence   Posts  and   Concrete   ���������  Building Blocks of every description.  PHSyPDETE O81 HO Silos constructed of concrete blocks are  UUnUliLeL wILUu frost-proof and practically indestructible.  Write us for estimates in any kind of concrete work. ���������  Will beautify the home and  give a rich appearance and  finish to a room that cannot  be given in any other way.  Our new papers- will enable  you to do this. - See our samples and be convinced.  Woodland(3&Quinn  The Rexall Druggists  THE  London Directory  -    (1'ublished Annually)  Kuubles trurlers  throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods.- Besides being; a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contaius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading. Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from S15.  IKE LONDON -DIREGTURY CO., LTD.  25, Abcburch Lnne, London,   F..C  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS ������.  gulatlng Pill for Women. $5 a box or three for  $10. j. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt of price: Thb Scobeu. Dnuo  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.   PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.  $g������58  Vitality; for Norvo and Brain; Increases "grey  matter'; a Tonic���������will build you up. $3 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt  of price.������THB Scobell Dnuo Co., St. Catharines,  Ontario.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs  and Good  . Horses at All Hours  at  the    -    ���������  Model Livery Barn  Burns $ O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Y THE GO!  UCTi  B      I 8  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PH0NF64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  Geo. E.  assie  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forks, B. G.  They, are usually best  and most satisfactory  in the end.  BOUNDARY'S BEST  BOTLED BEEB  a   home product of -  real    merit._   Get    a  a case today and try it  now. -Ask for it.  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Korilnjr a Specialty.  P. A, Z.  PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fikst Street.  flat-tin flullen  .All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  I  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Stot e  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Grand   Forks Transfer  PHONE 129  Solo Agents for  Gait Coal  Teaming of All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage at All  Trains.  Mclntyre 8  Mclnnis, Proprietors  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.    It is  nvup%&  the brightest paper in the Boundary country  saa  huiuiiui  BBSS  mgaams^^ THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.
iyery i&eaaer or I lie
aye a war map Free
MAP 3��x2�� feet, sho wing-
clearly every boundary,
eyery city, every town, village,,
hamlet and river in the whole
European War area. Each map
in. a neat folder of convenient
size.
THE Family Herald' and
���Weekly Star of Montreal
has secured exclusive rights for
the War Map prepared by the
celebrated map firm of G. W.
Bacon & Co., Ltd., of London,
Eng. It is beyond question, the
most comprehensive map printed"
TpHE SUN has" completed ar-
��� *��� . rangements by' which our
readers can secure a copy of
this excellent map free of charge.
P
Here
For
5-Days Only
. A
THE price of The Family
Herald and Weekly Star,
Canada's Greatest Newspaper,
is one dollar a year.
T^HE price of The'Grand Forks
*     Sun is one dollar a year.
VJL/E now offer both papers
* * one year each, including
a copy of The Family Herald's
War Map, size 30x40 inches, in
a neat folder of convenient size  for only
THIS offer' appKaS-feQ,..all subscribers, new or  renewal";
who pay for the two papers inside next 30 days from this date.
TO follow the-war situation intelligently The Family Herald War Map is necessary. It
should be in every Canadian
Home.
Order at Once
Th(
By instruction of the mtnister of
agriculture, a ' distribution of su
perior sorts.of grain' and potatoes
will be made during the coming
winter and spring to Canadian farm
ers. Thc samples for general distribution will consist ��� of spring
wheat (about o lbs ), white bats
(aboui -1 lbs), hurley (about 5 lbs ),
and field peas (about 5 lbs.) These,
will be-sent ont from Ottawa. A
distribution of potatoes (in 3 lbs.
samples) will be earned on from
several of'the experimental farms.,
the GenUal farm at Ottawa upplv
ing only the provinces of Ontario
and Quehec. All sum pies will be
sent free, by mail.  ���
Applicants must give particulars
in.regard to the soil on their farms,
and some account of their experience with such kinds of grain (or
potatoes) as they have grown, so
that a promising sort for their, conditions may be selected.
, Each application'most b'.e separ
ate and must be signed by .the applicant. Only urn-: sample of grain
and one of potatoes eaxi be sent to
each farm. If both samples are
asked for in the same loiter only ono
will be sent. Applications .on any
kind of printed form can not Ljk ac
cepted.
.As the supply of seed is limited,
farmers are advised, to apply earl}';
but the applications will hot necessarily be rilled.in the exact order in
which, they are received. Preference
will always ^be given to the most
thoughtful and explicit sequests.
Applications received after the end
of January will probably be too
late.
All applications for grain (and
applications from the provinces of
Ontario and.^Quebec for ' potatoes)
should be addressed to the Dominion Cerealist, Central Experimental
Farm, Ottawa. Such applications
require no postage. If otherwise addressed delay and disappoinment
may occur.
Applications, for potatoes, from
farmers in any other province should
be addressed (postage prepaid) lo
the superintendent of the nearest
branch .experimental farm in that
province. J. H. Guisdal'e,      ;
Director,   Dominion   Experimental
Farms.
The After'Dinner Story Teller
Many of the best stories and anecdotes that you hear .repeated by
ministers and. other public speakers
come from TheToulh's Companion.
A young man who wishes to make
his conversation entertaining or to
increase the effectiveness of an argument, can do no better than to study
these witty and apt stories in The
Companion.
Another feature of value is the
doctor's weekly talk on getting well
-atVcrkeeping so. fclis ad vice is sound
practical. He siiggesfs remedies for
minor ills, describes the symptoms
of others, and urges the importance
of consulting a physician whenever
the indications are obscure or disquieting. He recommends certain
things to be clone in cases of accident before the doctor arrives.
These are just two particulars in
which The Companion excels, and
they are by no means the only ones.
If you do not know The Companion,
let us send you one or two current
issues, with the Forecast for 1915.
Every new subscriber in Canada
who sends $2.25 for the fifty-two
weekly issues of 1915 will receive
free all the issues of the paper for
the remaining weeks of 1914; also
The Companion Home Calendar for
1915.
Tbe Youth's Companion, 144
Berkeley Street, Boston, Mass. New
subscriptions received at this  office.
SOUR, ACID STCST/-CHS,
GASES OR INDIGESTION
Each "Pape's. Diapepsin" digests 3000
grains food, ending all stomach
misery in five minutes.
-Time it! In'five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,
heartburn, c-ouruess or belching of
gas, acid, or eructations of undigested
food, no dizziness, bloating, foul
breath or headache.
Pape's Diapis;isin is noted for its
speed in regulating upset stomachs.
It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy hi tlie whole world and besides it
is harmless. Put aa end to stomach
trouble forever by getting a largo
fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin
from any drug store. You realize in
five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any
stomach disorder. It's tho quickest,
surest and most harmless erouiach
doctor in tho world.
- "Three Squares a Day"
. In spito ot" war nnd thc horrors of
wur. a vast 'number of Canadians are
going- to need "three squares a day,"
just as in times of peace. They are
going to need such things as clothing,
fuel, etc.. too, and a surprising lot of
them will go on buying luxuries as
well.
The    bottom    hasn't    fallen   out of
trade,.     On the contrary a   new    hot
torn    has    been    put in.    Live advertisers are going after the new business,
now markets, new fields made possible
by this great and unfortunate war
Just as modern methods of warfare
will add now wlHoieucy, new feature-
to this war, so modern methods of
sellidg���through lva! .adverjisiut; and
merchandising���will add new cUi.-
ie.nev to the commercial effort seo in
motion by the war.
American manufacturer- have dis
covered thfit owing to rhe shuttin<r oil
of German exportations they have a
brand new market at their doors for
such commodities as chemicals, drujis,
medicines, copper and 'manufactures,
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8
Print Shop !ffHE-"'StJN,   GRAXb"  FORKS,   B. a  H  l '';'i  '-������������������{  a1,. -'  (  f  11 ' '.  Can quickly be overcome by  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely vegetable  ���������act surely and  gently on the  liver. Cure  Biliousness,  Headache,  Dizziness, and Indigestion.    They  do  their duty.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  fe^2  THE JOHN INGLIS CO.,  LIMITED j  ENGINEERS ~& BOILERMAKERS  ON   WAY   TO   CORONATION   GULF  Dr.   Anderson 'With   Southern   Party  Looking For Him���������No Word  From Bear  Tlie naval department has received  a report from Inspector Moodia of the  Royal North-West Mounted Police,  dated Dawson, August 16, giving the  latest news in regard to Vllhjalmar  Stefansson, Canada's Arctic explorer.  Inspector Phillips reports that a half-  breed trader from Fort .McPhorson  states that Stefansson left Herschel  Island iu March with eight men and  about twenty-live dogs, to go straight  across the ice to Peel Point or Coronation Gulf. The eight man returned,  reporting Stefansson had gone on,  with the ice drifting fast. They believed he would make toward Coronation  Gulf. Mr. Anderson, in command of the  more southern exploration party, has  started along tho coast toward Coronation looking for Stofausson. Tho Naval department officials here believe  that by this timo Stefansson has  reached the Anderson party safely.  There is no word yet from Captain  Bartlott, who sat out on the United  States steamer Bear from Nome in  search of the men who were marooned by the crushing of the Karluk,  rind who found shelter on Wrangel  Island. The" Bear is expected to be  heard from almost any day.  CANADA'S  SURPLUS WHEAT  Estimates Place Home Requirements  at Sixty-Five Millions  The Monetary Times has obtained  the following "estimates of the wheat  crop in Canada and of the requirements of the country. The figures havo  been obtained from one of the best  posted millers in the Dominion: Wheat  crop of western provinces, 135,000,-  000 bushels; of Ontario and other parts  of Canada, 20,000,000. Total'Canadian wheat crop? 155,000,000 bushels.  Average consumption by population of,  say, eight millions at five bushels per  year, 40,000,000; required fovsked, 20,-  000,000; required for feeding, 5,000,-  000. Total homo requirements, G5,-  000,000 bushels. ��������� Exportable surplus','  90,000,000 bushels.  COR   THE  *       SUMER  Life's Little Sorrows  "Rich women 'have no real joys."  "No; the storos never havo a clearance sale    of   diamond necklaces."���������  Louisville Courier-Journal.  e  PROTECTI  THE     IN  PLAINLY    PRINTED    OI  IS   THE    ONLY    WELL'  PRICED    BAKING     POWDER  CANADA     THAT     DOES     NOT  ALUM'     AND     WHICH      HAS  INGREDIENTS     P LA I N L  THE    LABEL.  MAGIC   BAKING  CONTAINS    NO  MADE    IN  CONTAIN  ALL    THE  V    STATED    ON  POWDER  ALUM  ALUM IS SOMETIMES REFERRED TO AS SULPHATE OF ALUMINA OR SODIC ALUMINIC  SULPHATE., THE -PUBLIC SHOULD NOT BE  MISLED    BY   THESE   TECHNICAL   NAMES.  E.  W. GILLETT   COMPANY  WINNIPEG       ' TORONTO,   ONT.  Engines of all kinds, Boilers of all  k i n d s , Plumbing Machinery,  Tanks, Heavy Plate Work,v.ctc.���������  Write for prices.  U STRACHAN AVE.,  CANADA  TORONTO,  With so thorough a preparation at  hand as Miller's Worm Powders the  mother who allows her children lo suffer from tlie ravages of worms is unwise and culpably careless. ��������������� A child  subjected to the attacks of worms is  always unhealthy, and will be stunted  in its growth. It is a merciful act to  rid it of these destructive parasites,  especially when it can be done without difficulty.  FEES T������ ALL SUFFERERS  If j'o.i fuel 'OU'J- of SORTS' 'HUN IJOWN' 'GOT the HL.UES'  SUI l!:K from KIDNIiY, M.AUIJER, NKRVOUS DISKASKS,  CIIKOKiC\\'KAKNKS5.UI.CEKS,SKlX ERUPTIONS,FILES,  writ!:   for FREE CLOTtl   CuUKD MEDICAL BOOK O.N  those diseases ami WONIJKRFLX CURES'.effected by  THE MiWFRENCH REMEDY. Nol No2N.3  ���������fliERAPIONSSfffir  thercinoly for your OWN ailment. Absoluteli- FREE  No'follo'.v up circulars. No obligations. IJK. J.ECl.KKC  MKI) CO.ilAVEKSTOCKKI>.liAMrSTKAl> [.ONIiON.E.S'O  WE  WVNr.TO'f'ROVK THISKAPIO.N WILL CUKE  YOU.  PATENTS  Fether'stohliaugh & Co., head office,  King street: east, Toronto, Janada.  Compromise  Doctor (laughing)���������Some of those  patients are the limit. The man who  just left has several'ailments, and  for one I prescribe a cold plunge in  the morning,.while for another I told  him   to  take a hot bath    ';  night.  Wife���������Arid  what  did   he  say?  Doctor���������He asked if it wouldn't do  if he went at noon and took a lukewarm bath.  Golfer's Great Catch  A good story is told of the late William Mollison, the actor. Playing on  the Tayside links, he was driving off at  the seventh holt (which stands on a  high embankment with a burn in  fronLj, and after the usual waggle, he  let go. But the head of his driver was  loose. It came off and went into the  burn and left him with nothing but  the shaft, with the whipping straightened out���������one end attached to the  shaft and the other lo the head of the  club. There ho stood a la angler,  then he was heard to shout to his  caddie: "Get the landing net ready,  you fool! I've ��������� got a ten pounder  here!"���������World of Golf.  Conclusive Evidence That Dr. Chase's  ��������� Ointment  Cures   Itching   Piles  Mr. John G. McDonald, Piclou, N.S.,  writes: "I used Dr. Chase's Ointment  for itching piles, and found that the  first application gave relief. Alter  using a few boxes of the ointment I  was completely cured, and can recommend it highly to all sufferers from  this disease. You have my permission  to use this letter for tho benefit of  others."  Mr. James M. Douglass, Superior  Junction, Ont., writes: "For about  six years I suffered^from piles, and  often could not work"'fqr two or three  days at a time, so great was.the suffering from pain and itching. Doctors  treated me in vain, and I tried many  treatments before I cams across Dr.  Chase's Ointment. Two boxes of Dr.  Chase's Ointment cured me, and for  several months I havo had no return  of this annoying ailment."  There can be no doubt that Dr.  Chase's Ointment is the most effective  treatment obtainable for every form  of piles. 60 .cents a box, all dealers,  or Edmanson, Bates & Co., Limited,  Toronto. '     ��������� .  Oil Meal For Cattle  A publication recently issued by  tlie department of commerce of tlie  United States, dealing with cattle  feeding in Europe, shows that there  is an enormous consumption of oil  m<3fds of various kinds. Thus, Germany reports 1,'-117,920 tons of 2,205  pounds; the United Kingdom, 1,206,-  108 tons; Denmark, 564,715 tons; and  the Netherlands, 4oS,6-!6 tons, a total-  for these countries of 3,6-lC,3S9 tons  Besides the cotton-seed meal imported from the United States and  Paissia and that manufactured in  Germany and England from Egpy-  Liau cud Iri'lhin cotton seed, much  meal Is made from linseed, sunflower  seeds, rapq socd, sesame, peanuts,  soya beans, aud palm kenu-is.  American cotlon-seed meal compr-s-is  c/.ly 14 per c..-it. of the total, of oil  meals and cakes consumed in Europe. Denmark, -which is called.the  greatest butter country in the world,  feeds more than 200 ponds of cotton seed cake per head of cattle per  year.  Easily Made Salad Dressing  Beat two eggs well, add half_a pint  of best vinegar, butter size of a hen's  egg and half a teaspoonful of salt.  Put this into-a granite pan and set on  stove. To prevent curdling stir rapidly and continue until it thickens like  custard, then remove from stove, and  while still hot stir in half a teaspoonful of made jnustard thinned in as  much vinegar, "a sprinkling of pepper  and, for those who like it, a teaspoonful of olive oil. Stir thoroughly until  well mixed and set it in a cool place.  Use the same as any dressing.���������National Magazine.. "~  Open   to   Conviction  "Some of your constituents are disagreeing with you," said tlie trusted  lieutenant. '        '  "Well, keep tab on them,' replied  Senator Sorphum, "when enough disagree .with me to constitute a reliable  majority I'm going to turn around and  agree with them."���������Washington Star.  The Daughter  Oh, tlie blessings that a daughter  can" oring into a household if she only  wishes to! The communion of her  mother, the comfort of her father, the  pride of her brothers and sisters, the  joy of the whole household!���������Martha  Washington.  Musical  Calamity ._  Mrs. Newriche���������I believe our next  door neighbors  on  the  right are as  poor as church mice, Hiram.  Mr. Newriche���������What makes you  think so?  Mrs. Newriche���������Why, they can't af-  Jord one of them mechanical piano  players; the daughter is taking lessons by hand.���������Puck.  Catarrh Cannot Be Cured  n-ith LOCAL APPLICATIONS, as they cannot rear*  the scat or tho disease. Catarrh la ft blood orconsti-  tutlonal disease, aud la order to cure It you must tako  Internal romodlea. Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally, and acta directly upon the blood and mucous  surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Curo-is not a quack medicine. It was prescribed by ono of the best physicians  In this country for years and la a regular prescription.  It Is composed or tha best tonics known, combined  with the best blood purifiers, ��������� actingr directly on tho  rnucom surfaces. Tho perfect combination of tha  two Ingredients Is what produces such wonderful re  Eult<j lu curing catarrh. Send for testimonials, free,  F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Props., Toledo, <X  - Sold by Druggists, price 75c.  Tako.Hall'a Family Pills tor ocajtlnatlon.  Slang In the White House  President Wilson's ability to evade  the questions of-newspaper men is the  despair of the profession. He never refuses to answer queries, but he is so  expert as a verbal'fencer' that he can  answer all day without giving the information the writers want.  On one occasion, when he was surrounded by a host of the correspond-',  ents at the White Hovrse, he was asked a question by Matthew F. Tighe,  who, as a cross-examiner of public  officials, is a wonder.  "As to that," replied the president,  smilingly, "in the vernacular of the  day, 'you can search me.'"  "There are times, Mr. President,  said Tighe, wistfully, "when I wish I  could."  Parishioner, (to departing minister)  ���������We're all very sorry to lose, you,  Mr. Foodie. i  Mr. Foodie (modesMy) ��������� Never  mind, Mrs. Toodle. I've no doubt you  will got a better man next Mine.  Parishioner���������All, no, Mr. Foodie.  That's just what the last minister said  when he left.���������Sydney Bulletin.    _\  The Size of the Waves ..  Tho most experienced sous of tha  sea are apt lo havo very exaggerated  ideas of the size of towering waves  which break over thc vessels during  sea storms, and frequently waves arfa  reported as having reached an almost  impossible height. As a matter of fact  it is extraordinary for a wave to attain a height of seventy feet, while  Iho average size of groat waves is considerably loss. Tho mountainous seas  often encountered by liners in tha  North Atlantic usually measure about  forty feel,_though tlie upward-shooting, quick-falling water attains a  greater altitude. Thc big waves of the  North Pacific rarely measure more  than thirty feet, while the highest  wave ever met by an Australian-bound  liner in the South Pacific reached fifty  feet. The big waves of mi.l-ocean are  much larger than those encountered  elsewhere, and it is very raro that a  height of even twenty feet is reached  by a wave in tlie Mediterranean.  HOT WEATHER AILMENTS  A Lesson in Morals  Mother���������Now, Willie, you told me a  falsehood.   Do   you   know -what  happens   to little  boys  who  tell    falsehoods?  Willie  (sheepishly)���������No, ma'am".  Mother���������Why, a big black man with  only one eye in the centre of his forehead comes along and flies with him  up to the moon and makes him pick'  sticks for the balance of his life. Now,  you will never tell a falsehood again,  will  you?    It is    awfully    wicked.���������  Puck.  "Isn't that lawyer rather extra vagrant?"  "���������By no means! I've known hjin to  make one suit last for several years."  W. N. U. 1019  Wine Tasters  When wine tasters are -mployed in  their professional duties they never  swallow the wine they taste. They  merely hold a sip of the beverage in  the mouth for a few moments and  breathe through tho nostrils.���������Exchange."  A weak mind  which    niagnies  cannot  receive  field.  is like a microscope,  trifling things,   but  great  ones.���������Chester-  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs.���������I had a Bleeding Tumor on my face for a long time and  tried a number of remedies without  any good results. ' I was advised to  try MINARD'S LINIMENT, and after  using several bottles it made a complete cure, and it healed all up and  disappeared altogether.  DAVID   HENDERSON.  Belleisle Station, Kings Co., N.B.,  Sept. 17, 1904.  Different Views   .^  Binks���������Cli, iHguess your rich aunt  will remember you.    You made a big  hit with her by going into mourning  when her cat died.  Jinks���������True, but listen. Now the  other relatives accuse me of poisoning  the cat to get the opportunity.���������Exchange.  . Thoroughly Base  An old forger who has served five  terms in various penitentiaries and  who is now refraining from fancy penmanship in order to enjoy an uninterrupted vacation for  a week or twain  tlie depth of his exper  "I never realized the complete baseness of my nature until one day I  found myself unconsciously raising  my own check."���������Cleveland Plain  Dealer.  A medicine that will keep children  well is a great boon to every mother.  This is just what Baby's Own Tablets  do. An occasional dose keeps the little stomach and.bowels right and pro-  vents sickness. During the hot summer months"stomach" troubles speedily  turn to fatal diarrhoea and cholera infantum, and if Baby's Own Tablets are  not at hand the child may die in a few  hours. Wise mothers/always keep the  Tablets in the house" and cive their  children an occasional dose to clear  out the stomach and bowels and keep  them-well. Don't wait till baby is ill  ���������the delay may cost a precious life.  Get the Tablets now and you may feel  reasonably safe. Every mother who  uses the Tablets praises them and that  is the best-evidence there is no other  medicine for little ones so good. The  Tablets are sold by medicine dealers  or bv mail at 25 cents a box from The  Dr. "Williams' Medicine ro., Brock-  ville, Ont.  A Standard Medicine.���������Parmelec's  Vegetable Pills, compounded of entirely vegetable substances known to  have a revivifying and salutary effect  upon the digestive organs have through  years of use attained so eminent a  position that they rank as a staudard  medicine. The ailing should remember this. Simple in their composition,  they can be assimilated by the-weakest stomach and.are certain to have  a healthful and agreeable effect on the  sluggish digestive organs.  Mother (sternly)���������Young man, I  want to know just how serious are  your intentions toward my daughter.  Daughter's Voice (somewhat agitat-  ed)���������Mamma! mamma! Pie's r.ot the  one!:���������Puck.  are you?  so,  per-  I was in  He Simply Asked  First Clubman���������Well, how  , Second  Clubman���������-Er���������so  haps.   Last week I thought  for.rheumatic fever, but just managed  to stave it off, and today a twinge in  my  left  shoulder suggests���������well,    it  may be neuritis or���������  First  Clubman���������My  dear  chap,    I  didn't    mean    it    literally.���������London  Punch,  . Reason For His Popularity  Stranger���������The whole town seems to  be  turning  out   to  his   funeral.   The  deceased must have been very popular.  Native���������Stranger, he Avas one man  in a million. After he bought his car  he gave everybody a ride that he had  promised to.���������Judge.  Then She'll Tell You  "Tell me," said "the lovesick youth,  "what's the best way to find out what  accords us the following epigram from la woman thinks of you."   __ .���������--���������   -"  : his experience: "~     "'Marry���������lier," ftrplfecT    Pcckl  cham  promptly.���������Philadelphia Press.  He goeth better than creepeth in his  way than he that runneth cut of his  way.���������St.  Augustine.  At thc club ono night a member  of a certain regiment found himself  tlie centre of a group who were discussing the likelihood of an invasion  of Mexico by tho national guard.  Cheerful remarks about the penetrative powers of Mauser bullets peppered about him. Everybody had kindly  suggestions to make���������such, for inv-  stance as that a medalneatly adjusted over each bullet hole would "make  him look as good as new. The victim  took it very well.  "I'd like to contribute just one remark to this discussion," he said. "It  I'm reported shot in the back, remember that I.may have turned around to  encourage my men."  "How' would you classify a telephone girl? Is hers a business or *  profession?"  "Nither; it is a calling."���������Christian  Register.  The Green Sailor  Mark Twain was once talking about  a play that had failed.  "No wonder it failed," he said. "It's  author was a greenhorn. He knew no  more of stagecraft that young Tom  Bowling knew of sailoring when he  skipped before the mast.  "Greenhorn Tom, you know, being  told to ge aloft one dark, wet night,  started up the rigging with a lantern  and an umbrella."  More  customs  that we  Important  inspector   evidently  were important peo-  "The  realized  pie."  "Yes; he jiassed_sjonieJ^agga^-iVTar  bjLilgly-ti'gianceV'DuTwhen he came to  us he was careful to go through everything.''���������Louisville Courier-Journal.  -"4H*.���������"���������^  The 'Colonel���������Did your son play in  the varsity football match?  Mrs. M.���������Indeed he did. Why, he waa  the star drawback.���������London Opinion.  um^iJJMUJtuLu.mmjMmjiiMaBiu>iBHii  &Hmmimk&iiBi$!!L'!mm&^E������ THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,   B. C,  ;1i  SQIE CAUSES THAT  LEO T  INCIDENTS    THAT    BROUGHT  HISTORIC   CONFLICTS  ON  The Cause of the Present Great World  Struggle Can be Easily Traced, But  All Wars Have Not Had Such an  Apparent Origin���������Notable Cases in  History.  The real cause of the present war  was undoubtedly    the    ambition    of  the German nation, arising ,from its  - well trained and prepared condition.  Directly the   cause   was    the outrageous demand made ' upon Servia  by Austria to permit Servians    suspected of complicity In the murder  of Archduke Ferdinand   to'   be tried  In their'own land by Austrian officers.    Tho   Involving  of Russia   had  - been expected, as had. also the participation of Germany, who   was certain  to  attack  France  as  a  precau-  . tlonary measure,    which    would call'  in"Great Britain to    the    fray   by a  side  wind, viz.,  tho forcible  German  entry of Belgium.  But all wars have not had causes  bo easily traced at the time, nor so  .."'ous in their intentions.  A man may start a bit of a row  In his own home by appearing r.nan-  nounced with . a clean shave after  ��������� having -worn a luxuriant hirsute adornment for years, but ordinarily the  trouble does not go beyond his own  door. Louis VI. of France was less  fortunate. A visit to the Royal barber plunged two nations���������France and  England���������into intermittent warfare  which lasted f!00 years.  ' According to the story, the Archbishop of Rouen persuaded the king  to remove his beard in common,  with his subjects. The act led to  so much friction with the queen that  at last Louis divorced her, to become a few months later the wife  of Henry II. of England. From this  marriage centuries- of bloodshed may  be said to have followed.  In an iron cage iu the tower of  the cathedral in Modena, Italy, a  bucket which 900 years ago was the  cause of a terrible war may be seen  today. Soldiers of Modena, In a  ��������� mischievous mood stole the bucket  from, a public' well in Bolgona and  refused to return it. The States  were rivals and were jealous of each  other and fights between soldiers'of  the two followed. This spark kindl-  ed"a fire of war which devastated a  large part of Europe and led to the  Imprisonment for life of the King  of Sardinia, son of the German emperor.  A broken teapot started . a war  hi' China 250 years - ago, which cost  half a million lives. The teapot was  the cherished possession of a dignitary high in favor with" tlie emperor.  When travelling through n lawless  ��������� province .in tho northwest of China  some of his retinue, who had fallen  behind the main body, were intercepted by a band of robbers, and among  the spoils tch teapot was. found and  contemptuously thrown on tlie ground  and broken. The mandarin reported  his loss to the emp xr, a force oi.'  soldiers was sent out, and a long and  terrible war ensued. -  ���������  Lord Palmerston once said that only  three men had ever known the .exact nature of the troubles in Schles-  wlg-I-Iolstein, which led to two great  wars. Two of them had died before  (be wars broke out,-and he, the third  of the trinity, had completely forgotten whatit was all about.  The manipulation by Count Bismarck, then Prussia's Foreign Minister, of a telegram set Prussia and  France flying at each other's throat  In 1870. The French ambassador  ���������went to Ems, where Emperor Wil  Ham I. then was. to ask him not to  approve the ambition of Prince Leopold to become the ".King of Spain.  The king, refused to give a definite  answer, but Prince Anthony of Ho-  henzollern withdrew his scion's candidacy. A report of the conference  '���������-was submitted by telegram to Count  Bismarck, with authorization to  publish it. Bismarck altered the  text, nnd in the changed form gave  It to the newspapers and through  them to France, and'the international war with all its horrors followed'.  Years later Bismarck confessed the  forgery. .   ;  The war "of the Spanish succe.-;-  .'Rl6ir:������:lrx~.which the ereat- Duke of  Marlborough. played a brilliant -p.a rf-.,.  was said to be the" outcome of a  glass of water at 'a ball at the Tui-  leries in Paris. One of the court  ladies had expressed a wish for a,  drink of water in the hearing of the  British and Spanish ambassadors,  who hastened to got It for her. Returning each with a tumbler, they  found the fair bird had flown ami  was dancing with a French statesman. The English diplomat accidentally, it is presumed, brushed  against the Spaniard and upset the  giass he was carrying. This ridiculous incident inflamed the jealousies of the nations and turned the  balance in favor of war.  The Seven Years War was' largely  due, according to his own confession, to the vanity of Frederick the  Great In wanting to see his name figure largely in the gazettes.  The Sepoys were said to have believed that cartridges served out to  (hem were greased with the fat of  animals, unclean alike to Hindu and  Mohammedan, and tlie Indian Mutiny  was precipitated.  Tho Turko-Russian war was said  to have been started by the hammer  with which a Herzegovian blacksmith  lulled a tax collector who had insult-  6(1 bis daughter.  The stealing of a Castile lady's  ���������nee pettleont by a Moor led to mnnv  years of fierce warfare between the  Spaniards and the Moors. The emptying of a bucket of a Florentine  citizen on the head of a Milanese  gave rise to an inter-provincial war  In Italy.  Borrowing a tobacco pipe and falling to return it kindled a civil war  which lasted for years 'among the  rival races In Pamir's and Afghanin-  tan. A dispute as to the^relative attractions of snails and vipers as food  started fifty yars of fighting between Milan and Pisa.  WAR   GROWS   MORE   HUMANE  Improvement    In  Arms and   Hospital  Accommodation  Is   Responsible  In the American civil war eight  soldiers died of disease lo one.from  wounds. Experts expect that in the  present general European struggle not  more than three will fall victim, to  sickness to one killed on the field of  battle. So It is expected that the  present war, the greatest yet in history, also will-be the most humane.  There will be no disproportionate mortality list from ^disease and an army of  cripplss as an aftermath:        ,;  The modern high-power, quick-firing  military Tifle and the development in  artillery,will, have much to do with  the change. Those, who die will die  more quickly. Gangrene and. infection  will be practically unknown quantities  tt is thought.  Before the Russo-Japanese conflict  the armies the world over used a  large calibre bullet, made of unsheathed lead and greased to overcome friction in the barrel. The muzzle velocity  was less than hall that of the missiles  how employed. Then, too, bayonetarid  sabre charges were more common.  These resulted in hideous wounds,  very difficult for surgeons to handle.   -  The bullets which are flying in Europe today are of less diameter than  the ordinary lead pencil. They ; are  Jacketed with nickel, lead or steel and  have tremendous velocity.  v/The soft, mushrooming bullet of the  old day resulted in the shattering of  bones'and the crushing, rather than  cutting, of tissues. Infection was al'  most, inevitable, the grease being especially unsanitary. A wound 'in. the  abdomen was considered necessarily  fatal. The death rate among the  wounded was enormous..  In recent campaigns there are instances where soldiers shot in what  were once considered vital spots have  walked unsupported to the field hospitals.   ' -.'������������������.-,���������:' :".  OPPORTU  USINESS EXPMSIOI  the west will benefit from  present"conditions  ,<-THE STUDY OF WOR'OS  It's   a  Helpful Scheme to Use Your  Dictionary Every Day  Writing an article "Treasure in  Books," in the Woman's Home Companion, Laura Spencer Porter gives  the following excellent advice about  the advantages to be gained from the  Study Of-WOrdS: --'-1       '-::������������������-���������-���������"-.-.: - : i       ������������������':-'- L  "The study of words���������it may sound  to you a dry thing, yet I promise you  it is not; very far from it.  "And this brings me-to. suggest that  the habit" of one of the great writers  of studying carefully! from a good dictionary five words each day is one  from which we might all of us get a  good deal of profit. Or take a good  book of synonyms, for instance, and  learn from it each day five words  somewhat similar, comparing and  weighing carefully the meanings and  values of them.  "Notice the,degrees of force in the  following: To dislike, to hate, to  loathe, to detest, to abhor. Each note  struck is a little' stronger, higher, we  might say, like an ascending crescendo  scale. So ��������� to instruct, to teach, to  educate, are each quite different in  meaning, with a great nicety of difference. So. rebuke, reprimand, censure, blame, are, all of one color,  but of how different shades of meaning. So, too, misfortune, calamity, disaster; so weak, feeble, decrepit, and  what delicate difference between fame  and renown or feminine and womanly and womanish."  High  Prices For Grain Will  Help the  Farm'ers, and Every Line of Activity  Will   be  Stimulated���������Slogan   of the  ���������  West   Should   be   to   Stand   Loyally  Together.  ��������� Western Canada occupies a most  favorable position at the present time.  While Europe is in the throes of a  gigantic war such as the world has  never, before witnessed, there is peace  within our own borders. By reason  of the present conditions, the farmers  of the Avest will ..benefit. , A better  price will be secured for grain and all  farm produce, and, when the farmer  benefits the whole west will share in  his prosperity. Because of the partial  suspension of trans-oceanic trade, the  industries of Canada will be stimulated to supply our home demand.  Goods that have heretofore been imported from Germany and elsewhere  will be produced and manufactured in  Canada. : ...'���������;��������� ;���������'������������������' ������������������.:���������  Now is the favorable time for the  expansion of business, opportunities,  and now more than ever before is the  time for the people of the western  provinces as well as the 'whole of  Canada to stand loyally together. By  supporting our local merchants we are  contributing to the. welfare cf our own  community and keeping the money in  our own town and district. We should  go further, and buy only goods that  are manufactured in our own town or  province in preference to competing  lines of goods. While the west is., l rim-  arily a 0rain producing country, and  agriculture will no doubt always be  the chief industry, there are many  other industries already established,  which if loyally and consistently supported by the western people, will, in  time, contribute immensely to the  general wealth and importance of the  west. . Many -lines-of- food products  are being manufactured in the, principal cities from Winnipeg to Vancouver, and if we insist on demanding  from our local merchant only those  articles 'which' are manufactured in  the west in preference to the imported, and of ten-times inferior articles,  we will be contributing to one of the  factors, that is bound to assist the  Canadian west is gaining the great  commercial importance to which she  is destined to attain..  -"ItTs not a time to talk of hard  times and money stringency, but rather to assume a hopeful attitude, being  firm in the conviction that ours is a  country rich in natural resources and  peopled with men who can by determination and.; industry overcome temporary difficulties.; and seize .the opportunities for business expansion  that are thrust upon us by reason of  the present world-wide disturbances.  SURGICAL WONDER  Idiot  by    Organ  Child    Made   Sound  Transplanation  Dr. Serge Voronoff, tho well-known  Paris surgeon, is said >.o have succeeded in grafting a monkey's tryroid  gland (a gland whose functions are  unknown, saddled upon the larynx  and windpipe), on a child suffering  from cretinism, and effectinj; a radical cure. (Cretinism is a state of  imperfect mental development, or  idiocy).  Dr. Voronoff described the case  before the Paris Academy of Medicine. It was unaniniously regarded  as opening a new path in constructive surgery, rich in discoveries,  which will diminish human suffering.  The child, aged fourteen years, was  attacked when eight by myxedema  (atrophy of tlie thyroid gland) as a  sequel to scarlet fever, and ever after  has presented all the symptoms of  severe cretinism.  Dr. Voronoff, In the presence of  nineteen doctors, grafted to the child's  ueck the right lobe of the thyroid  gland of a large baboon.  The ..child has since continued to  grow rapidly in body and mind.  While formerly apathetic and silly,  she '.now turbulent and sharp;  This is the first time that grafting  of an organ from an animal to a  human being has been accomplished  with success.  A number of previous attempts  were made by Dr. Alexis Carrel, of  the Rockefeller Institute, of New  York, but all failed.  .It Is believed that the operation  may become common, and that numbers of cretins and imbeciles now  leading a purely vegetative existence  may be transformed into useful members of society.  E VALUE OF 0111  PUBLIC HIGHS  FIRST    ROADS    WERE   MADE   FOR  MILITARY   PURPOSES  Revolver Contest of the Nations  ' European and American names comprise the list of contestants in a"recent  marksmanship contest at the antipodes���������the annual Indoor Revolver  Championship Competition of the  Shanghai Miniature Rifle and Revolver  club, which is affiliated with the Society of Miniature Rifle clubs of Great  Britain. To the white residents of  Shanghai, and to the military and  naval men who are stationed there  this is one of the chief sporting events  of the year. '{ \  ' -T'v?i''ihanipiOnship; gold medal was  won by Mr. Freymwu-ot the Legion of  Frontiersmen, \vhose score was 402.  One woman, Mrs. A. S. Fullerton, a  resident of Shanghai, entered the con-  tost. She made a score of 313, shooting Reinington-UMC ammunition, as  did Mr. Freeman. Standard American  ten-ring targets were used, with a  bull's-eye targets were used, with a  20 yards being allowed and tlie time  limit being on hour. The highest possible score was 500. Mr. Freeman outdid his nearest competitor, Lieut-  Coni. L. Preston-Thomas . of I-I.M.S.  Britomart, who has a reputation as  one of the best revolver shots in the  British navy.  n    The First Revolver'  "lie credit or discredit of 'Jie  nveii-  tion of the revolver belongs to a  Swiss of Vallorbe, Jean Farncois Gro-  bet, wiio in 1814 fashioned, witli the  collaboration of his son, the first "six-  shooter" which as a matter of fact attracted the attention of the then minister of Russia at Zurich, Count Capo  d'istriii, who sent a specimen revolver  lo Czar Alexander I. The royal recipient rewarded the inventor with a valuable ring, which it is to be presumed  Grobet pawned, for he died a few  years later in poverty.���������London Telegraph.  Maxims of the Great Napoleon  The following' are some maxims of  the great French soldier, Napoleon  Bonaparte:  "Unity of command is a first necessity of war."  "Love is the occupation of the idle  man, the distraction of the warrior,  the stumbling block of the sovereign."  "A great captain -ought to say to  himself several times a day: If the  enemy appear on my front, my right  or my left, what should I do? If he  finds Jiimself embarrassed, he. is ill  posted."  "When a king is said to be a kind  man, the reign is a failure."  "Heart! How do you know wha';  your heart is? It is a bit of you  crossed by a big vein in which the  blood goes quicker when you run."  "The heart of a statesman should  be" in his head."  "High tragedy is the school of great  men. It is the duty of sovereigns to  encourage and spread it. Tragedy  warms the soul, raises th heart, can  and ought to create heroes."  "Bleeding enters into the combination of political medicine."  "The vice of our modern institutions is that they have nothing which  appeals to the Imagination. Man can  only be governed through -imagination.   "Without it he is a brute."  "Conscription is the eternal root of  a nation, purifying its morality and  framing all its habits."  "I regard myself as probably the  most daring man in war who lias  ever existed."  .."Lov������������.-������s������--waviV."/' Vs.'���������*.������������������������ frr&t "Vrtue  of civilized man."  "There are only two nations���������East  and West."  Homes For Workers  The outrage of our Amer can cities  is the way we bid for home-seekers,  when we have no homes to offer them,  after we lure them to come. Our factories scour the country for workers,  bring them,in, and turn them loose,  to find shelter wherever they can. Our  business organizations offer tonuses  for hew factories,- bidding for these  which bring in the-largest number of  families. "Another factory! 100 families! More prosperity!" they announce, in big headlines.  One of the saddest sights of the  slums is to see the thrifty wife of the  working man, with her rosy brood of  children, used to country air and sunshine, used to space, privacy, good  surroundings, cleanliness, quiet, shut  up amid the noise and dirt and confusion, in the gloom of the slum. That  is an unusual family that can maintain, the sanctity of its home life,  in the tenements.  The.Irave fight may be made if the  father and mothev are spared, to hold  control,' and provide the bread. But  how many working i\ien in our cities,  the records show, fall a pre: to tuberculosis, t.vphoid, pneumonia, and oilier  "house diseases!" How many mothers are beckoned from their little families by the same ghastly finder! Any  one Who will search the records will  find that a startling number of dependent families become so on .-.ccount of  death or prolonged Illness of the  'iroad -winner.  And the children?  The ranks of the dependent ant", delinquent are recruited���������in what percentage we'ought to know, but any  percentage is' too large���������from tlie  families of the working men that are  brought into our cities and dumped into our dilapidated old death-trans.  And so I say that the responsibility  is upon those wrc- imporc world ng-  ~>>">n to see that there are deceit  homes for them when they come, and  not to set snares to destroy them ant-  their children.���������Albion Felk:ws Bacon  in The Survey.  EFFECT OF COLOR  ON   MIND  War   Secretary   Sleeps  With   Job  Grim as war news is, It it, not without .its -lighter side of amusing incidents, oddities and romance.  Lord Kitchener's first question  when he entered the war office, lo  lake up his new po3t, so it is said in  the Sporting Chronicle, was addressed to (lie porter, "Is there a bed  here?" he asked.  "No,  my  lord,"  replied  the  porter.  "Get one," said Lord Kitchener "I  may be hero for r.ome time."  And it is said he lias bejn eating  and sleeping, as well as working, inside the war office almost ever since.  The sewers of Paris which have suffered severely from the recent storms,  are the most wonderful in the world,  and constitute one of the sights of the  city. Visitors aro allowed to inspect  them on certain days of each week,  and it is certainly an experience to  make a "personally-conducted tour" of  the two main sewer3. The journey  is made on electric cars' and launches,  which draw up occasionally at brightly illuminated stations.  Brilliantly Colored Flowers Have Uplifting and  joyous Effect  People to whom certain colors represent sounds or motions have long  been laughed at, but scientific work  on the sun's rays is proving them to  have justification for their theories.  Red, it appears, is the most excite-  ing and stimulating of all colors and  has a special effect on the activity of  the brain. Blue, which so many people in an age of great nervous strain  and tension find 'soothing, is so in  reality. Unless you are in a depressed  and melancholy state, sea-blue curtains at your bedroom windows have  a beneficial effect, especially if you  t-<vio��������� rw'J;."'ut.'?. st:t the morning sun  Color, indeed, especially ir. (lowers,  lias an extraordinary effect on the  mental condition. The sight of crimson, pink and amethyst rliedoden-  drons, growing in the open air has a  curiously uplifting and joyous effect.  Toronto Boy Rune the Torpedo Squad  A Toronto boy is commander o' the  flagship which leads the British torpedo squadron in thc North Sea. He  is Harold Denison, who has j^.,t been  appointed commander of the Amphi-  tritc. Commander Deiu'son is a son  of Mrs. F. C. Denison of 'Rusholme,"  Dundas street. He is cjc of ' the  youngest men in the navy in such a  high position.  Another former Toronto boy iu the  front is Capt. Te.lrty Grasett, nephew  of Ohioi' Grasett, and a graduate of  tlie R..M.C���������Toronto Globe.  A government wireless station will  shortly be opened on Valentin Island,  on the southwest coast of Ireland. It  has been constructed by the wireless  department of the post office, the installation being rwppK'd by the  Marconi Company. With :. range of  500 miles, it is chiefly deslipod to keep  Atlantic liners in touch with land two  hours longer than Is possible at present  witli the Crookhnvrn r.tatiou.  The    Romans    Were the  Pioneers .'n  Road Building, and Abundant Proof  of   Their   Enduring   Quality   Is   Afforded  In   Roads  Now  Extant.  Because they go: over the difficulties  of  levels  most  easily  that  way  and on account of the general habit  of  using the  waterways  as  by-ways,  the first roads usually followed along  the banks of rivers.  Itv is so today in Canada. It ha3  been the rule in all the ages. But  although that; might answer well,  when the trapper or hunter made  chief use of the roads, it was different when' armies had to be moved,  and moved expeditiously. The short  roads, wide-and hard, became-necessary. ��������� "���������.   .. .-..'���������  Because Rome was essentially a  military nation, the Romans were  great road builders, as had been the  disciplined Persians and Assyrians  before them.  The Roman roads were the first  real highways, and abundant proof  of their enduring quality is afforded by the extensive remains' that  have -been found in different parts  of the country. The Roman engineer,  chose high ground -wherever he could,  and-he built his road high above the  surface of the land through which  he was marking it. His first object  was- to make a path between two  points, so that troops could march  from one to the other as quickly and  as easily as ' possible."  ���������The Roman road-makers, therefore, set out with the definite idea  of making a road from one camp or  military station  to  another,    n  The fact thr.Vthe roads which the  Roman engineer drove through wood  and valley are, even after nineteen  centuries have passed, so frequently  found to be in a good state of preservation, speaks volumes for the thoroughness of the workmanship and  the excellence of the materials which  went to their making. Roman methods of road-making wore different  from those in vogue today, but were  sound and were ' well carried out.  First two parrallel ditches were cut,  marking the edges of the proposed  roadway. Oh the soil between tha  ditches was laid a layer of rubble  stones about 5 inches deep;-next a  layer of concrete or stones mixed  with lime and 15 inches deep; over  that another 10 inches or so of nucleus���������fine pounded mater.al mixed  with lime; and finally the top or back,  which was made of paving stones, four  or five inches thick, and cemeutod  together.  Of course, the methods of the Roman road makers varied somewhat.  Like the sensible, practical men they  were, they used the material that  was ready to hand. Thus, in the  chalky soil of Kent, sections of the  Roman road show it to have been  made of alternate layers of chalk  and gravel and flint. Then again  when marshy ground had to- be  crossed, the Romans built a causeway consisting of six strata or layers, based on march mud, with piles  about four feet in length and wood  laid above them.  The advent of the stage coach,  showed the possibilities of quicker  transit, and, Incidentally, the necessity of improving the roads. Al-  though as early as 1G63 an act was  passed authorizing the first toll-gates  or turnpikes to he erected, this only  applied to the Great North Road,  and elsewhere the roads were almost  as bad as ever.  The rebellion of 1745 gave a great  impulse to the making of British  roads for military as well as civil .  "purposes. The militaiy value of  good roads once realized, '��������� steady  progress was made in opening up  communication between the different  towns on both sides of the border.  The extension of the turnpike system, however, met with violent opposition from the populace, who regarded the toll-bars as so many barriers to freedom of moveem: t. D urine: the 'fifties of the eighteenth century bodies of armed men assembled  lo destroy the turnpikes and burn  down the tool-houses. Troops had  lo be despatched to quell .he dlsor-,  der.'  It is a remarkable fact that ono  of the first and most, .s-"',ao������''.'.''l .af~  British road makers was a blind man  ���������John Mctcalf, of Knaresborough,  who was responsible for the corf-  struction of over ISO miles of roads  in Lancashire." Yorkshire, Cheshire  and Derbyshire.  Metcalf was a pioneer in tha making of roads, a branch of civil engineering which was brought to the  greatest degree of perfection it has  ever attained by Thomas Telford,  tho famous engineer. The system of  surfacing introduced by Macadam  early in the IDth century rcndereJ  possible the making of roads on lines  that have ev.- sinrv, been found  serviceable and enduring.  Strathcona's Romantic Marriage  The marriage of Lord Strathcona  was a romance. Ho met the lady  when he was twenty-nine and living  on tlie coast of Labrador. She was a  widow and hud a little son. There  was no priest or church within 1,000  miles and the marriage was a simple  contract without ceremony. It was for  this reason that when the high commissioner became a peer in 1897 a remarriage was held to be nccescar and  It /as solemnized with the full ritual  of the Church of England. rn." e Labrador marriage was, however, ratified  by special act of parliament���������London  fa tier. ��������� '. ;i  .���������-"SI  it'  ���������:.-.. t,  ������������������!  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  S OF THE CITI  Rev.   C.   W.   Corey,   the   pastor  evangelist of Nelson,   has   been  secured lo address a series of special  evangelistic services in the  Baptist  church.    The   meetings,   beginning  Monday,    November   2, will  begin  with a song service each  evening at  15 ruin cites to 8 o'clock.    Mr. Corey  has engaged in   this   kind   of   work  with   considerable   success   in   the  Maritime   provinces,   as   well   as in  Alberta and British   Columbia.    All  Christian people have a   hearty   in  vitation to attend and   cooperate in  any way possfble.   Sunday service j a traffic service can  be  inaugurated  morning and evening, will be prep- j to that city,  arator}'   to   these   meetings.      The  Lord's Supper will be celebrated   at  the close" of the morning service.  George Bury, second vice-president of thc Canadian Pacific railway, arrived in the city Monday  noon from Winnipeg. He was  joined at this point by J. J. Warren,  president of the Kettle Valley lines,  and'the two gentlemen proceeded to  Midway. From that town they  made a trip of inspection over the  recently completed' Kettle Valley  line to Penticton. presumably with  "a view of determining at  what  date  eaver fSoard Next Time  Tb will save all the muss and litter of Lath, Plaster and  Wall Paper. lb permits more beautiful interior designing  in the most modern style. Lt never crack* or deteriorates,  and needs no repairs.  BEAVER BOARD *%"������Lgs  Beaver Board is very quickly find <M-u!v~|>ut up; makes a  house warmer in winter, cooler in summer; is painted, doing  away with unsanitary wall paper, .-ind has many other advantages.    Let u.s show you sample's arid tell you all about it.  ���������r.  "BRIGHTEN-DP"  Store  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  . I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  Npw H������rnf*������<3 and do a11 kmds of   ���������  rNew nam ess harness repail.ing# A11  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Here We Are I  Your Six Friends, v  Wmm  .   :."'.9s������.bs'  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     -   "     Oats  "     Porridge Oats  "     Ferina  "     Graham  "      Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 3D  Everything to Eat and Wear  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  cAll Its Branches  Boundary Trust Q&>  Investment Co., Ltd.  Established 1901  First Street  The board of school trustees met  on Tuesday night and decided to  accept the resignation of William  Walker,principal of the high school,  who. has volunteered to go to the  i'rnnt with the second contingent.  The trustees expressed regret at Mr.  Walker's sfiverenee, with the school,  and complimented him very highly  as an educator. Every endeavor is  now being made by the trustees to  find some one fo take Mr. Walker's  place next Monday morning. If no  one can be found, the school will be  closed for a week.  F. J. Pain ton is forming a choral  society for the purpose of rendering  the music of the great composers���������  Mozart,' Haydn, Handel and Beethoven. One even will be devoted  to.each of the composers during the  season.  The Milk for Tour Baby Mu5t be Clean,  Sweet and Pure  B. C. MILK is recommended and  used extensively as a food for infants. The reason- is this: It is  Ciean, Sweet and Pure���������always  ready for use. For infants it  should be diluted with from two  to eight parts of boiled water,  'arcording to age. It has the  Natural Flavor of Pure, Rich  Cream.  E A Crease, chancellor of the  diocese of Konteniiy, and Fred  Irvine, memhers of the executive  committee, arrived in the city from  Nelson on Saturday, and remained  here until Monday on business con  nt'eted with the diocese.  The steamship Cascade, one of the  fleet of the Giant Powder company,  of Victoria, has docked ar the Great  Northern Railway company's wharf  at New Westminster with a cargo of  dynamite for the Granby company's  miins at Phoenix..  Take your repairs to Arinson, shoe  repairer. The Hub. Look for the  Big Boob.  A Great 5#ar Map  We would gladly  distribute   free  of charge to every Sun reader a   war  map. but an indiscriminate distribu-      Highest  cash prices paid  for  old  lion  of   the map we are offering is Stoves and Ranges.   E. C. Peckham,  impossible.    It is the best war map Second hand Store,  is-u-d beyond question.    It   is   3-J-x  ox.f^t) Hnt] shows every city, town,       John Wariaimikei- says in Judicious  Mr il       i . ' ��������� ' i Advertising:      "Advertising    doesn't  village and hamlet, every riv<-r   r.i:d .     - .       ,7      T   , - *   -  .  ���������    ���������    ,i  '     ii ierk: it pulls,    it begins   very gent y-  mountain in the whole war area. J    ���������'      \   L ,, ,.-f?    t     , ���������'  ",.   . ���������>.  \\7   ,������������������������ Tu   <j,,       ,j   .u  f ������ at first, but the pu.l is steady,    lt m-  We oner 1 he bun and   that ere it. - ,     ,      , ��������� i  i i       rp.       to      -i      Lr      i j        j creases day by day and" year   by-vear,  woeklv,    1 he    Family   Herald   and ...      -r    J      ���������>.       . ���������\, ,       J -      '  ,x-    , ;    q,     ,. " i     p untu it exerts an lrresistib o    power./  Weekly Star tor one year  each   for . ^ <  61.50, and every  person taking ad  vantage,   of   this   offer   will receive       The Sun, at SI a  year, is   superior  from the Family Herald a  copy - of to any ������2 a,year paper printed   in t!.e  the war map   free   of   charge.    The Boundary.    This   is   the  reason why  offer means that you  are practically we do not have to resort to  gambling  getting one of the papers for a year achemos to gain new subscribers or to-  free of charge.    The oiler is good for hold those we already have.  fifteen days only. j  A gang of C.P.R. workmen on  Wednesday commenced to fill in  rock around the concrete piers of  the new steel bridge in this city in  order to protect them from high  water.  H. E. Woodland was taken to the  Cottage hospital on Monday. He  has since been operated on for appendicitis, and is now recovering  from the effects of tbe ordeal.  ������o/ Ma������17v ro/ MYYvrTrv n������/ '     The deVil'S mi8take would nobairect  6% MO-NILY 6% MO-NJliY- 6%   the work you get.    We have   reliable  Loans   may   be   obtained   for .any men to handle the printing  you   send  purpose on acceptable Real Estate se- us.     We do the work   well, and when  curity;   liberal   privileges;  correpond- it   is   delivered   you'll   say   it's   as it  ence   solicited.       American-Canadian shonld be.    Every   order   is delivered  "Agency   Company,   758 Gas-Electric promptly.    Every  price is a fair one  Bldg, Denver,  Colo. The Sun Print Shop.     ,  Local talent will present "What  Happened to Jones" in the Emprtss  theatre in the near future. The  proceeds will be donated to the  Daughters of the Empire.  J. D. McNiven, fair wage officer  of the department of labor, Ottawa,  was in the city yesterday investigating labor conditions in this district.  Tom New by, who has been spending tint summer in Gloucester camp  developing his mining properties,  returned  to the city on Saturday  , Mrs. Mary Pritehard and Mrs. F  E. Cooper's two sons returned on  Wednesday from extended visit to  eastern Canada  Mrs Robert Mann was removed  to the Cottage hospital on Monday  suffering from typhoid fever.  W. B. Cochrane returned on Wed  nesday frjm a business   trip  to Nelson.  SI When in need of an odd piece of -Furniture for any room, in the house, you can  ���������   save money by purchasing from us.  S We carry the most-up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the^same careful consideration at- our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  1 buying a large order.  <3 We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  The voters' list for  the next mu-  Inicipai election closes on October 31.  i     E   Spraggett,    superintendent   of  roads, visited Phoenix   on   Monday  The Phoenix   company   has   been  incorporated.  GIVE "SYEU? OF FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and bowels.  Look   at  the   tongue,   mother!     If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  and   oowels   need   cleansing at  once.  When peevish, cross, listless,  doesn't  sleep, eat or act naturally, or is feverish,   stomach   sour,   breath  bad;   has  sore throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give  a tcaspoonful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  constipated    waste,    undigested    food  and sour bile gently moves out of its  little bowels without griping, a::d you  have a well, playful child again.    \sk  your druggist for a fiO-cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains  full   directions for  babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  If the Cash on-Delivery Sy^tom i������ In use  in  your ooutitrv, thou you  noo'l  sriiul 101- for cithur two lUiifjn ynu select, nnd pny Iju'iuiee when you receive  Kinjja. MASTERS, LTD., RYE, ENG.  not  tlie

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