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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Oct 15, 1915

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 \,  _ .  ,���������������  I.  \  0cA  ���������-V-Y--  Kettle Valley Orchardist  I.^OURTEEN"TH YEAR���������No.  50  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 15,. 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  Annual Shoot of the K. V. Rifle Association J  The annual shoot for prizes nf the Kettle Valley Rifle association   was  held   on  Tbankgiving  day.    The  weather was culm hut very gloomy, while the smelter smoke rolled across the range like German poison gas.  Neil MeCallum, in event 6, with a fine score nf 98 out of a possible 105, got the Spraggetcup, and in event  8, with 120 out or a possible 140, secured the coveted McKie cup.    He was closely   followed   throughout the  ("hoot by Leo Mader, who.landed the Frippcup in event 2, the Burns cup in event  3 with a second score of 3+  ' out of a possible 35, and tbe Association cup in event 7 with 67 out of a possible ?0.    J- A. Hutton, being partial to a choice roast rather thm silverware, picked the only turkey available, weighing some 40 pounds.  There has been no practice since last fall, the targets   being  burned last spring and replaced by temporary  Mayor  Gaw  and Aid. Bickerton,  Bontbron,   "Manly   and    MeCallum :  were present at   the regular meeting j  of the city council on Tuesday even-  ones for ltie events*    ^very one was pleased to see the "old war horse    come into his own ond get   his   choice  of the silverware, although some of tbe cups would have looked well in the collection of trophies of our poultry-  mar., but being a blacksmith he can manufacture some for himself.  The one note of sadness was the absence of some of the members of the association who are on active service, especially R. Lamond and Wm Eureby. Mr. L-imond was always the life of such meets, being jolly and  active, and incidentally figuring in every event'where any good prizes were available. He was one of the best  shots of the association, and his absence lowered the average of the score:'  ing.  Father Pellitier, of   the   Catholic  church, was  present and addressed  the   council.     He   sUted   that   he  thought the church would be able to  pay the taxes on its property in the  Hear   future   provided    tbe council  would grant it the 5 per cent rebatp,  ��������� and he made a request that this..re-  .bate be allowed   the   church.    The  mayor and aldermen explained that  the time for allowing the 5 per  cent  discount   for the   payment of taxes  had expired, and that if the council  granted- the church  this   rebate   the  same pri.\ilege would have to be ex  tended to all the other ratepayers of  the city.    The. request   was   there-  - fore not granted."  ' A communication from the secretary of the volunteer fire department submitted a list of names of  the members of the brigade, and  requested that they, be exempted  from the payment of road tax as a  . necessary qualification for having  ^ their names placed on the voters'  list.    The request was granted.  The chairman of the board of  works reported that the replanking  of the approach to the Fourth street  \ bridge had been completed and that  tbe city team was at present em  ployed on the fill across the North  Fork. ;  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that there  were no cases in the city at present  requiiing city assistance The water  . in the mains in some sections of the  . city, he said, did not appear to be in  a very pure condition.  Aid. MeCallum, chairman of the  water. and light committee, explained that his dcpaJtment had re  cently experienced some difficulty  with the big reservoir. A leak had  been discovered, and the resprvoir  had been emptied. The leak had  been repaired and the reservoir  thoroughly cleaned.. The other reservoir would be emptied and  cl -aned, and then the mains would  be Hushed.  Aid. Bonthron brought up the.  matter of a sidewalk from the Methodist church to the C.P. R. crossing  through the Van Ness addition. The  CD  <0  CP  93  -a  cd  IO  -^  *.  ������4  it   eg  **C   v.  ���������s ***3  ���������_-s  5*g  =>'NP  ���������������i '20  O  Nam as.  ~u5  ri  *��������� u  S3   -0  03    S3  CO* ts ���������'  03  3 (M  o _  r,  . *  *3    _   O  _-2o  _    4->   O  _ iS _  _ _ o  SO   IB  _    03   j_>  ,    60 *  *3    q>   _  ���������    03   4J  rJi  c  o'O  =  oo  = oo  = o c;  c o o  C   s-   C  z  s-  c  c    t"/  *-*  -v  i> .=. "1  V ��������� <N  a; -s .-.-I  CU _C3 t"  03 ._ CO  e  ex g  33    tO 03  03    60 03  S >  ^  -*���������*-.  >    ������     ,  >   *M        ,  ***  x *2  >  to >  >    60 >  >    60 >  ^*  ,  ������1     '  J-'  r=H r--    -A  J3   I���������    S  _r- %  Ht- *  H i- cd  rr=\ <&q  a <&  _! <;���������_  CK  r  Neil MeCallum   ...'   32  21)  22  24  ,   30  34-  34  33  32  30  98  92  64  67  120  . 116  150  150  21  29  29  21  27  34  33  96  61  117  144  33  30  22  30  32  30  92  62  114  144  26  29  18  30  31  32  92  61  110  140  32  29  28  26 N  27 '  18  22  17  1G  29  22  19   .  14  32  27  28  29  32  28  20  IS  93  83  74  74  61  49  47  43  111  105  91  90  140  127  110  104  33  S. T. Hull    . . ...  1-5  17  24 ���������  21  22  5S  45  75  99  D. C. Manly   - 2L   %  25  11  10  21  13  24  19  17  24  62  68  45  32  73  7S  95  91  2L  ...  22  16  59  ��������� ��������� ���������  23  .,  15  .   .  15  . . .  ...  E  HUNTING TRAGEDY  CURL  Donations to Race Meet  The following-citizens made dona  tions   towards   the   race   track pro  gram at the Grand Forks fair:    Fred  i Russell,   S25;   Al Traunweiser, ������25;  ; Emil Larsen, 825; M.   Frankovitch.  -..'. '.;'.'"    '_  ' !$10; Davisife Flood,-$10; Jeff   Davis  . & Co., $10; N  L.   Mclnnes.-fe  Co.,  Mrs Charles A. Stormes was   ac    $5; W. K. C. Manly, ^5; E. C Hen  cidentally shot and killed at Curlew   niger, 82.50; P. A.   Z   Pare,   $2 50;  about noon last Friday" She was  hunting grouse in compmy with  Mrs Robert King. Mrs. King fell  while getting over a log and her  shotgun was discharged in the fall.  The charge took effect in the back  of Mrs Stormes' head, resulting in  instant death. The body was  shipped on Monday to Oakesdale,  Wash . for interment. The Stormes  family had resided.,in Curlew for  about a year and a half, coming to  that place from the Palout-e country  and Spokane.  The deceased lpaves a husband in  Curlew, a mother at Oakesdale, a  sister and brother at Rasalia, Wash.,  and a brother, \Y  Spokane.  J.   E.   Livett, $2.50; Fred Downey,  $2; J. Jones, SI; total, $125.50.  THE POULTRY  PRIZE WINNERS  ANOTER MODERN  STORE FINISHE  The following were the prize winners in the poultry section at tbe  Grand Forks fair:  0 G. Dunn ���������Buff Orpingtons,  1st cock, 1st hen, 1st cookerel, 1st  and 3rd pullet.  W. Liddicoat���������Black Orpingtons,  1st and 2nd cock, 1st and 2nd hen,  ' 1st and 2nd cockerel, 1st and 2nd  I pullet, 1st and 2nd pen; Buff Orpingtons, 2nd hen, 2nd cockerel,  2nd pullet, 1st pen; utility pen, 1st;  White Orpingtons, 1st cock, 1st and  2nd hen, 1st and 2nd pullet, 1st  pen; Silver  Laced Wyandotte-*,   1st  the best business structures   in   the  C.   Baker,   at: city,   and   will   make   a thoroughly  up-to date ritore.    The firm    is  also  ~ i new, having  but   rerently    been in  Tuesday, at 7:30 p.m., the officers !corporated; but the members com-  and teachers of the Baptist Sunday | posing it are JlM (M Gr,1Ij(1 Forks  school will hold a "hard times so-; bllsine8S ������������������,���������. It itf ,���������������������������,.��������� jcniiy a  project had been before the council | cial," to which all the parents and : consolidation of the Grand Forks  for a long time, and he would like ' friends of the school sire espooially 'cnmrjiinv and the Jj^riuime it Smith  to see it disposed of. He was of the ' invited. The appropriate garb, j.r.u  opinion that the people interested in [games, etc., for the progiam will be  the walk should take  the   initiative an interesting and -pleasant  feature j METEOROLOGICAL  of the evening.    Refreshments   will j    be served at the close. i     The   following   is  the   minimum  The  Grand   Forks    Furniture  (.v.  Hardware   Company,    Limited,    is  moving into its new brick Mock on j and 2nd hen, 1st and 2nd cockerel,  Bridge street today. 'Tho building, | 1st and 2nd pullet, 1st pen; White  which just beenjoompletedjs one of  Leghorns, 2nd cockerel, 1st and 2nd  rdware company.  and bring in a petition. The total  estimated cost, he said, qf a four-  foot cinder walk, with 2x4 stringers  and maximum temperature for each  John Halphrey, the principal  merchant of Curlew, Wash., and  largely interested in the Curlew and  Grand Forks creamerips, was accidentally shot and seriously injured  by his companion while out deer  hunting seven miles this side of Curlew on Wednesday morning.  Halphrey and hiscompanion,Fred  Reinhold, had separated.   Reinhold  noticed  something   jump   up from  ground in the brush   some  distance  away.    He waited for a few seconds,  but as the object did not make   another move, he took aim   and   fired  at what   he eupposed to be a deer.  After the firing of the shot there was  absolute   stillness,    and     Reinhold  started toward tbe clump of timber  When he had walked  a   short   distance he was greatly amazed at seeing  Halphrey   emerge    from    the  brush.    Halphrey came toward   bis  companion, and the first words   he  uttered were, "You  have shot me '"  An examination showed   that   Halphrey had   been   hit   in   the   right  shoulder.    How badly be had   been  injured neither of the men could tell  at   that  time.    The flow of  blood,  which was   not great, was stanched;  the wound  was   hurriedl}7   dressed,  and the two men started toward the  Great Northern railway track.  After  walking about a mile Mr. Halphrey  began    to   feel   weak, and his companion left him and went after their  horses.    When the horees had been  brought   they   travelled   two miles  more before they  came to the Great  Northern track, which they reached  shortly   before  the   arrival   of   the  morning train.  The train was flagged  and the   two men came to this city.  On their arrival    here   Mr.    Halphrey   was   hurriedly   conveyed to  tbe Grand Forks hospital, where he  was placed under  the   care of   Dr.  Truax.    It was found that the   hul  let had entered the right   shoulder,  then glanced downward four or   five  inches, and had   lodged   just  under  tbe skin.     It was extracted  without  much difficulty.    The wound is not  considered dangerous.    The patient  is doing well at present.  on each side, was from 8225 to 8250.! will likely be placed on the side  of day   during   the   past    week, as re  .        ,. t   .i ��������� i ii      J.. L   . .    ���������   if corded by the government therniom-  A portion   of   this   cost   would not  the street next  to   its   property.    If    , ,i  ,.  P      ,   n    ,  1 . , eter on J^. v. Laws ranch:  necessitate an outlay of cash, as the  the company does not see   (it to as- :  city team could be employed on the  sist, the opininn of the council   ap-  qc^  work.    Aid. Bickerton thought   the' peared to be that   the   walk  should  townsite company   would   probably . be   built   on   the   opposite of   the  make a grant of 875 toward the con- street.    The matter was referred   to  struction of the walk if a 5   per cent  tne chairman of the board of works,  rebate   on   its   taxes   was granted,   with insUuctions that   he ascertain  and 850 could   probably   be   raised  to what exttlnt the Columbia people  from the people of Columbia.    The would be willing   to  contribute   to-  Rainfall  ouncil refused to consider the ques-, ward   the   cost of  the walk, aud to  tion of a rebate of taxes; but, if  the  report at the next meeting.  Mia.  8���������Friday  31  9���������Saturday   .... 34  10���������Sunday,  35  11���������Monday  30  12���������Tuesday  33  13���������Wednesday .. 40  14���������Thursday    12  Max  fio  04  60  43  51  52  58  ///r///'.<  ,  0 32  pullet.  Ewing MeCallum���������Turkevs, 1st:  Pekin ducks, 2nd and 3rd.  Annie Bowen-���������S.C. Blt?ck Minor  cas, 3rd pullet; Houdan, 2nd pullet.  Mrs. K. Morrison���������Utility pen,  2nd; White'Wyandotte?, 1st cock,  1st hen  Frank 11 Hutton ���������Barred Rocks.  1st and 2nd cockerel, 2nd pen.  Charles Wekell���������S.C. Brown Leghorns, 1st pen; Golden Laced Wyandotte.", 2nd pen.  C. C. Heaven���������S.C. Rhode island  Reds, 2nd hen, 1st cockerel;  Silver  Campines. 1st and 2nd hen, 1st and | vices   will    be   held  in   the Baptist  2nd cockerel, 1st and 2nd pullet.       ! church Sunday at 11 a.m. and 7;.'!0  J. T. Lawrence���������S.C. Black Min- P-m- Appropriate music, with fruit  orcas, 1st cock, 1st and 2nd [)0n, ,! "������d other harvest decorations, will  1st and 2nd cockerel, 1st and 2nd j add to the interest and pleasure of  pnllet, 1st and 2nd pen; S C. Rhode!thc'    occasion..      Morning   subject,  No More Treating in London  In London, England, at 1 o'clock  last Monday, the ���������'no treating"  order went into force, and the time-  honored custom of paying for a  friend's drinks became an offense  punishable by six months' imprisonment and a 8500 fine. Drinks  taken with meals are exempt. Tin-  order prohibits the evasion of one  man advancing money to another  wherewith to purchase drink--.  Credit for drinks also is banned.  Harvest home   thanksgiving   ser-  fsland  I'fds.  1st and 2nd pullet.  'Amos   the   Rancher   Prophet and  : His    Basket   of    Summer    Fruit";  evening, a harvest home   son*;   service.  walk is built, and the company sees      The  traders' license   bylaw    was  tit to make a st.might   donation,   it  reconsidered and finally passed.  John and P. H. Donald spent  several days inspecting their North  Fork properties this week,  The independent Company of Rifles  now  has  52   members.    The   most;    recent recruits are -W. Holmes, F. j Lieut. K. Stenstrom left today fur  Duly, C Iviton. R, Morris, A. Pat j Vancouver, where he will take a  Itsoi), F.J. Carpenter. P. Afiostino ! course of instruction. lie will lie  and C. Collins, absent two or three months  )  M-  "< {THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS*   B. C.  11-  * ���������  1���������  i (  !!'  tf  M  1(1  IS  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  His  Majesty the King   is  Patron, and  the Prince of Wales Chief Scout  For Wales  (Contributed,)  The possibility of putting responsibility on  to  boys and  treating them  seriously   was   brought    to   proof  in  Mafeking  with   the    corps    ot    boys  raised by Lord Edward Cecil ���������there in  1S99 and led Colonel Baden Powell to  go into it..further.  On his return home in .1902 he found  his book "Aids'to Scouting," being  used in schools (and by boys' organizations, etc.) for teaching boys. As  tin's had been written for soldiers, it  was unsuitable for' boys and in 1908  he rewrote it (after an experimental  boys' camp held in 1907". It was not  then intended to have a separate organization of Boy Scouts, but that the  Hoys' Brigade, the Junior Y.M.C.A.,  aud C.L-B. aud the other recognized  boys' organizations would utilize the;  idea. ���������'���������:.''.''.'.  However, such a large number of  men and boys outside these organizations took it up, that it was necessary  to form a directorate to control it.  This~/at first consisted of General  Baden Powell, Major McLaren and  Aliss Macdonald, as the entire 'head--'  quarters, staff, in a room-given by Mr.  Arthur Pearson, who generally helped  them to start. Lord Strathcona also  gave a donation of $2,500 to put them  on their feet financially. ���������   .  The movement grew up of itself,  and assumed such proportions that "in  1910 General Baden Powell gave up  the army and took charge of it.  The idea'of the dress of the Scout's  was taken from a' sketch of General  Baden Powell's own dress (in Kashmir  in 1897 in every detail.  The fleur-de-lys badge was that  used for Scouts in the 5th Dragoon  Guards: It was taken from the sign  of the North Point of the compass as  shown on maps as a guide to their  orientation.  The methods, aims and organization  of the movement underwent close examination by the pi ivy council in 1910  and a Royal Charter of Incorporation  was granted to it. 1-Iis Majesty the  King became its patron,, and H.R.H.  ilia Prince of Wales became chief  scout for Wales. The leading men in  religion, education and  affairs joined  the -advisory, council.   Its success is clearly demonstrated  in   the   following   statistics:  Scouts  in  Great   Britain  and  Dominions     '.' ....    200,000  United States of America    300,000  Bohemia     500  France           7,000  Germany         52,735  Spain        8,577  Switzerland     500  Hungary        7,000  Xorwav           2.000  Poland'          il.OOO  Servia            3,000  Sweden      10,020  Syria and Palestine     500  Malting a total of 597,832 boys in an  organization of which Lord Roseber-  ry says:  "������������������If I were to form the highest ideal  for my country it Avould be this���������that  it  should  be  a  nation  of which the  .manhood was exclusively composed of  men who had been or who were Boy  Scouts, and who were trained in the  Boy   Scout   theory-     Such     a   nation  would  be  the honor of mankind.    It.  would be the greatest moral force the  world has ever known."  The following constitute the person-  ��������� nel   of  the   Canadian   general   executive:  Chief Scout���������His Royal Highness,  tlie Duke of Connaught.  Chief Commissioner���������Colonel A. P.  Sherwood, C-M.G., M.V.O., etc.  Hon. Dominion Secretary���������Gerald  H. ISrown, Assistant Deputy Minister  of Labor.  Hon. Dominion Treasurer���������Licut.-  C'ol. Stanton, Military Secretary to  H.R.R.  The   following   is     the     numerical  strength of the movement:  Scouts  BETTER  (By  services rendered or performs some  act of gallantry he is adveristiing the  benefits of his training, but at the  same time in these days," without the  aid of the press, the movement could  not possibly have' become so widely  known as it has done and been so  generally appreciated.  ���������We wish, therefore, to thank all  newspaper proprietors, editors and  other members of the press for the  kind notices so frequently appearing  in their columns and for their efforts  to help on what we believe to be a  great imperial work. If they care to  continue their kindly attitude may we  suggest for their notice that to continue our work we need two essentials  ���������Men an.d Means.      ..������  We stand on the threshold "with, a  grand field of work before us.  The principal lines on which we propose to develop as a first-step should  the required funds be forthcoming,  would be the following:  1.    Training of Scoutmasters."  |     2.    Organization   of  Senior   Scouts.  3. Organization .of Wolf Cubs. '  4. Provision of adequate provincial  headquarters.  We want to keep in touch with the  lads on their leaving the Scouts and  going out into life���������the most critical time in their careers. For this reason we are expecting to organize a  branch of "Senior Scouts" in the different centres of the province.  As.there are many young men about  the country anxious to improve themselves morally and>tq be under good  influences, we hope here to offer them  the means. No. doubt many of these  v ill eventually become Scoutmasters  or helpers in the movement. In this  way we hope to develop a considerable nucleus of clean living, honorable, energetic, public spirited citizens for our country. :  A great many parents and Scoutmasters, and especially many primary  school teachers are anxious" that the 1 open-kettle method  FRUITS   AND   VEGETABLES  BY QUICK AND SURE  METHOD  he Country  Ontario   Manitoba       Quebec      Alberta      Ilritish Columbia  Saskatchewan    ..  New Brunswick   .  Nova  Scotia  Prince   I'Mward  0,979  I,SIS  .389  .:���������:$!!  93::  -100  200  100  Officers.  177  123  102  98  <;s  2(1  24  are  I.., Ol),)  based  91-1. A  912  on  census  marked in-  already taken  Those  figures  of September 20th.  <T.?asc in numb- rs has  place in all provinces.  The Canadian general council is  financed by a three year .subscription  raised by H.R.H. the Duke of Con-  naught. This fund totals about $55.-  000 to he used in furthering thc movement and placing it on a firm foundation. This is for the general fund  only.  Kadi province is being assisted financially from  this  fund.  'fhe subscription for the general  fund came from:  Ontario   lapp.)  Quebec      Dominion   Government...  Other parts of Canada   Tt is of course undeniably  I'verytirne a Hoy Scout does  ic.t,  every  time he  refuses  $28,000  11,000  .15,000  2,000  I rue that  a kindly  a  tip for  W. N. U. 1068  Scout training should be made applic  able to boys of younger age than here  tofore allowed (11 years). We, thaie-  fore, propose, if possible, to have a  junior branch consisting of boys between 9 and 11 (with a separate uniform on their own), so that the moral  and disciplinary training may be applied at this still more receptive age,  but by a modified course of training,  in which the youngsters are safeguarded from overstrain.  '���������Your money or your life,'' is the  small demand we make. We need  funds, and we need personal service  to-develop the Scout scheme for the  big --work- before it. We will gladly accept either or both.  What pessimists may say of our  empire, there is undoubtedly creeping  into it a desire to do, each of us,  while we are yet on. this earth; something that counts, something beyond  mere business, or golf, or tea-drinking  oi* things ephemeral. This conscience  is becoming evident in every grade 'of  life���������only opportunity is asked for.  In the Scout movement such an opportunity is offered. AVhatever his  age or his infirmity, whatever his  standing or his inability to find time,  there is an-opening for every man or  woman in scouting. It may bo as a  commissioner to administer a district,  or as an instructor to those boys wishing to qualify for the many proficiency badges, or as an occasional evening  visitor to a troop. We can find duties  for all who care to do something, however small, for God and their country.  It is grand work and sporting work,  as it is work by which you can leave  your mark behind you in the shape  of lives saved for- the individual as  well as the nation.  ���������Then as regards money, wc want :.  large sum to serve as our endowment  once and for always.  It is against the principle of- the  movement to beg, and thereby teach  our boys to beg. Boy Scouts are  taught that they must earn then-  funds by their own work.  If our work of the past few years  is  considered  by our fellow  countrymen to have earned a reward by its-  results and  its possibilities,  then we |  ask that they will join in and give us  a  helping hand.  Whether you give by cheque, or by  instalments; by promise or by legacy,  is immaterial. Your giving will in  any case be a. sign which will hearten  the workers to continue their efforts,  and will give you a share iu developing what we arc convinced is going to  bring permanent good to our empire-  It is a special and exceptional effort that we ask for, if we are to make  a continued success of the movement.  Its result, means the training of a  large proportion of the rising generation to uphold our empire in the great  competition   which  lies  before it.  The opportunity for doing it is now  here and will not wait; the time is  slipping to*. '^5o much to be done and  so little time for doing it."  Anna May Simcox, in  Gentleman)  In these days of advancing prices of  nearly all food products the careful  housewife should learn to utilize the  garden products that would ordinarily  remain in the ground and on the vines.  She can with little labor and expense  put up in cans every vegetable that  gr^ws. in', her garden if she knows the  simple cold-pack method of home canning. ���������  The establishment of the home canning clubs by the department of agriculture brought about more general  appreciation of the fact that factory  methods could, be utilized in home  canning���������hence the adoption of the  cold-pack method.  Exhaustive experiments' and endless study of the problem by experts  and specialists of the department  I have proved beyond a question of  doubt that it is not only possible but  practicable to can in the home any  vegetable, or.fruit than can be grown  in the home garden or orchard, without resorting to the three-day or  fractional sterilization .method. Furthermore the product will keep as surely as'though it were put up by a commercial canning factory, and it will be  much better. More than 100,000 girls  and mothers received detailed instruction in this method of canning last  season and as many homes now have  the blessings incident to a .balanced  ration of fruits and vegetables  throughout the entire year.  Under the common -method of home  canning followed by the women of a  few years ago���������what is now called the  the product was  cooked or sterilized in an open kettle  and then transferred to a jar, the rubber and top were put in place, and the  product was put away in cellar or  storeroom. One of the chief disadvantages of this method was the uncertainty of keeping.  Canned goods keep because they are  sterile���������that is. all the bacteria,  spores and molds have been killed.  By the open-kettle method the product  might be sterilized perfectly in the  cooking process, but'in transferring to  the jar the product is passed through  unsterile air and additional spores  and   bacteria arc picked up which .in  time cause the product to spoil.   The cold-pack method canning is  simply this: Place the product to be  canned in the jars in a. raw state if  fruit, or after scalding, blanching and  cold dipping if vegetables; add syrup,  brine, or hot water as the case may be,  put rubber and top in place, and than  sterilize or cook. By sealing the jars  before Ave sterilize we'have kept addi-  ICK  ,lf  full pack. ,lf possible blanch the  greens in a steamer .for ten to twenty  minutes' instead of boiling: in watei*.  in order that the volatile-oils may not  be lost.  Pack the products in the-jars. If  you are canning berries or fruit fill the  spaces about the product": with syrup.  Since tomatoes are ninety-four per  cent- water no water should be added  to this pack. Other vegetables require  some water, and. a littfe salt should  be added to flavor. Place rubbers and  tops in position, ��������� With screw-top jars  screw down the tops until they catch  but are not tight'. Do not try to force  them. If you are using jars with wire  clamps leave the 'lower... clamps up.  Place the jars in your canning outfit  and sterilize the required time.  The instructions of the specialist in  charge of home-canning clii'bs of the  Northern, Central and Western States  divide the fruits into four general,  classes: Soft fruits, such as peaches,-  berries,-plums a~d the like; sour berries, fruits, such as currants, gooseberries, and cranberries; hard fruits,  such as apples and pears; and citrus  fruits-   '���������'���������������������������.'  Always invert jars to cool "and to  test the joints after the covers have  been tightened and before the products have been cooled. Probably as  many jars of qa.nned fruit and; vegetables are lost because of poor rub-  berj. as by any other causa. It'is the  poorest economy to use last year's  rubbers or to buy a cheap grade.  Remember in all canning work that  no printed recipe or other form of instruction will succeed without the application of common sense and practical judgment. All recipes given here  are based upon normal, ripe, firm  fruits and vegetables.  The cold-pack method of canning  may be utilized to advantage in the  canning of soups-and purees for winter use and in the canning of fruit  juices. In writing to the. department  for canning instructions include a request for these recipes.        ���������'���������  Reducing the cost of living through  the home canner is rapidly becoming  a settled practice in city as well as  rural homes. By watching the markets practically all fruits and vegetables maybe purchased at a very  reasonable cost when secured in quantities at the height of the season. Try  it this summer and provide ''your family with an excellent quality and quantity of fruits, vegetables aud greens  during the Winter months.  In the language of the department  specialist: "Plan your home canning  work so you will have a quart of fruit  arid a quart of vegetables  for every  A GOOL   EXAMPLL  blanching one to one and a half minutes and plung iu cold water. Pack  in jars and add boiling syrup. Placs  rubbers and tops in position and sterilize 20 minutes in hot- water canner.  Remove and tighten tops  Citrus fruits.���������Remove thc skins  and surface pulp. Plunge in boiling  water for about a minute and a half,  and. dip quickly into cold water'. Pack-  in jars and add boiling hot syrup.  Place rubbers and caps in place and  sterilize 12 minutes iu the hot water  outfit. Remove jars and tighten covers. :  i Tuber vegetables.���������For the cannJn;  of tuber vegetables, such as beets,  parsnips, carrots turnips and the like",  wash thoroughly, scald in boiling  water to loosen skins. Pack in the jars  whole or in sections and add boiling  hot water and one teaspoonful of salt  to each quart. Place rubbers and  tops and sterilize for one period of 90  minutes in the hot water outfit. Remove from canner and tighten covers.  Sweet corn.���������-:; is important thai  sweet corn on or off the cob be canned  the same day it is picked. Corn grows  stale very quickly, especially it the  husks have, been removed. Blanch in  boiling hot '���������yater from 10 to 15 minutes aud.plunge into cold water. Pack  in jars and'add boiling hot 'water and  one teas.poonfukof salt, to each quart-  Stewlize 180 minutes in tl j hot water  outfit. Remove jars an,d tighten covers.  Lima beans, string beans, peas,  Okra, and similar vegetable; may be  coined, successfully ).y blanching i.i  boiling hot wate. for five '.'inutes before plunging into cold water. After  packing in the jars, fill with boiling  water and add a level teaspoonful of  salt to each quart. Place rubbers and  tops aTtd sterilize 120 minutes in the  homemade or hot water commercial  outfit. Remove jars, tighten-covers,  and'invert to cool.  Greens.���������There are twenty-eight  varieties of greens, wild andNdomestie,  that are valuable for the diet of the  family and can be prepared at little  or no expense. The recipe for each' is  the same. Prep'.re and can the same  day as picked. After sorting and  cleaning, blanch by steaming 15 or  20 minutes in a vessel having a little  water under a false bottom- Plunge  quickly intO' co'cl wafer and pack-  tightly in the jars. Season--by adding  salt and a strip of bacon or a little  chipped beef. Fill the jr.rs with hoi  .water, place rubbers and tops in position, and; sterilize 90 minutes in the  hot water outfit. Remove from cannc*.  and tighten covers. <  Pumpkins and squashes.���������It is  sometimes desirable to can pumpkins  and squashes for pie filling. Cut them  into convenient-sized pieces and cook  for 30 minutes to reduce fhe bulk.  Pack and add one cup of sugar and a  teaspoonful of salt to each qua:'.-  Place rubbers and tops in position and  sterilize 60 minutes in homemade hot  water canner. Remove the jars from  the canner and tighten covers.  Tomatoes are one'-'of the easy products to can. but better results may ba  secured with lesj labor by using a  canning outfit and tl* * cold-pack method. Scaid the tomatoes in hot water  and plunge into cold water in order to  remove the skins easily. Pack the  tomatoes in the jar whole. You will  then be able to r.sa them to advantage ;  in preparing salads, and so on. Do not  add water to fill the jars....Fill with tomato pulp. Add salt to each quart and  place rubbers and tops in position.  Sterilize 22 minutes in hot water out-  fi'1    Remove jars and tighten covers. '���������  You can obtain further particulars  by sending a post card to .Air. S. E.  Greanway, department of agriculture.  University, Saska-toon. or Mr. S. T.  Newton, extension department, Agri  cultural Colleg.-. Winnipeg, Man,  whichever haopens to be in vour dis*  trict.  Maywood Tomato Club of Alaman ce County, was North Carolina's  champion last year. The club put up 10,682 No. 3 tin cans, 1,640 glass jars,  and 100 gallons of vinegar, and sold fresh fifty-five dolars' worth of vegetables. Their products represented a cash valuation of ?1,563. The cost  was $360.  Old   I  ,ad,v-  -So  you don't lik  0 *  er  ���������������  Youn  ;av  L  ady  ���������Like     'or?  11  I'd  k 11 owed  mus  c  I'd   ave  wrote  a  ' V  mn  of 'ate  about  'or  long ago.  "It's a beautiful day."  "Yes," repiled O.' U. Gronitsch, the  noted pessimist, "but; unseasonable for  this time of the year."  tional bacteria and mol . from entering- Sterilization of the sealed jars  disposes of bacteria aud molds in the  jars and we then have a product that  will keep indefinitely. This method  has the added advantage of retaining  the delicate .flavor of the fruit or vegetable and it requires less labor, than  any other metho:1..  Prepare your product for canning in  much the same way as you have always done. Remove the skins from  tomatoes, peaches, and other products  by scalding in boiling water for about  a" minute���������just enough to loosen the  skins���������and then quickly plunging in  cold water. The kitchen paring knife  will do the rest. In the case of vegetables other than tomatoes blanch for  a few minutes in scalding hot water  to remove objectionable acids and to  reduce the bulk in order to insure a  clay in the year."  Recipes for cold-pack canning in  cans or bottles:  Soft fruits���������Prepare as you always  have, pack in jars and boiling hot  syrup of aboikt IS per cent, density.  Place rubbers and tops in position,  not tight, and sterilize 10 minutes ii:  the hot water canner. Remove the  jars and tighten covers. Invert to  cool.  Sour berry fruits.���������To can sour berry fruits blanch them in hot water for  one minute. Remove and dip quickly  in cold water. Pack berries closely in  containers and rdd hot syrup. Place  rubbers and caps in place and sterilize 17 minutes in hot water outfit. Remove and tighten tops."  Hard fruits.���������If you wish to can  pies,  pears  or  other  hard  fruits,  Reason   For Doubt  Liltla Mabel went with her mother  to spend the summer at a resort by  the sea where mosquitoes abounded.  When she returned to her home i.*>  thc city and at'ended Sunday school  her taacher told the story of Noah  and the ark. When she had finished  the story she glanced around at her  little pupils and askod if any chib  would   like  to   ask  any question.  "I would,  please  ma'am,"  asid  bel timidly.  "Very well," said thc teacher,  "what would you like to know?"  "I'd like to know, ma'am," said  Mabel, '"if you are quite sure thai.  Noah took only two* 'skeeters into  the ark?"  Ma  move   fhe   skins   when   necessary  ap-  re-  I'y  Counsel for the Plaintiff���������And sc 01  the twelfth of the month you called < :  Mr. Thompson? Now. what did Mr.  Thompson say to you?  Counsel for ilu Defendant���������Mr  lord,' 1   object  to  that   question.  The question wai thereupon debated for half an hour and was allowed,  by the judge.  "Now. witness," said the counsel for  thc plaintiff triumphantly, "on the  twelfth of the month you called ot  Mr. Thompson. What did he say t>  you?"  Witness���������He wasn't at home. i aJ>  THE   SUN,   GliAND   FOKKS,   B. C  Don't Persecute-  Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They arai  brutal���������harsh���������unnecessary. Try  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purcfyvogetaulc. Act  ''gently on thsliv'er,'  eliminate bile.an'd  soothe thedeli-  .������Ateniembrauo  of the bowel.  ���������Care Con-  jtipatian,  SiViota-  ��������� Si:k-Headache and Indigestion, fit millions fmour.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price ������  . Genuine' must lear Signature  MOTHERS I  Don't   f;iil   to   procure  MS.' MNSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While'  Teething  It "soothes tlio Child, Softens the Gums,  Allays the Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  Is   the  Best   Jtemetly  for   Infantile  Diarrhoea. <  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A B0TT������  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Somettims neuer than * linen and ulj*  laundry bills Wash It with soap and  water. All atoms or direct. Slate style  jtnd me. For S5c we will mail you  THE ARLIMOTON COMPANY OF CANADA.  Limited  68 Froser Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  One Can Saye  Energy and Temper  By Using" Only  They will not miss Fire if  Properly Held and Struck on  Rough Surface���������Every Stick-  is a Match���������and Every Match  A Sure, Safe  Light .  FREETOALLSUFFERERS  If rouNdl'our of SORTS' 'KUKDOWS' "GOT tlieM-USS*  acrrcK from kidney, bcaddisr. nervous diseases,  CHRONIC -.VKAKNKSS.L'I.CKKS.SKi:.' ERUC I lONS.rll.XS,  WTitO for FREE CLOTH UOUND mkdic-.ii. book on  tk������������ diiiasss an-i wondkkkui. cukKS effecteil by  THEN������"WFRe������CHREiaEDy,NolK������I*J.3  THERAPIOi^l ^ffniE  Jfc������ raateJyfor rofR own ailment. Absolutely FREE  lio'tallavr up circulars. No obligations. Dk. LECl.Eito  Med.Co.HavkrstockRd.Hampstkao Lonoon.K.nu  ������i want xo rxov*: ihiikamon win. cvae tow.  New and Second Hand Safes  Some fine new and second-hand  Safes, Cash Registers, Coinputi-s  Scales, etc., cheap. F. II. Robiusou,  60  Princess  street,  Winnipeg.  10,000 Acres For Patriotic Purposes  Almost every member of the Manitoba Grain Growers' association lias  promised the executive that he will  give one acre of his crop to patriotic  purposes. It is expected that at least  10,000 acres will thus be aligued, and  that the proceeds will total considerably over $200,000.  For years Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator has ranked.as the most  effective preparation manufactured,  and it always maintains its reputation.  A minister was visiting in his parish for the first time. He came to a  cottage where a boy was the only occupant. "Where is your father?" he  asked. "I dinna ken," said the boy.  ���������"What does he do then?" asked the  minister. "He jist does 1'a.t ma mither  iells him," said the little chap.  Discoveries Due to War  g- ���������-  W. N. U. 1063  Many fmportant Inventions Resulting  Directly Through the War  War is at best a dismal, wasteful  business. Yet there is one thing  about it It stimulates the brains of  inventors, and chemists and scientists in all the countries involved are  .working, at high pressure.  Some, are busy about purely military inventions, some to evolve substitutes for materials of industry, of  which the import has suddenly  ceased, others again are working for  the. benefit of the sick and wounded.  It was the Boer war which taught  us. the value of anti-typhoid inoculation. Nowadays, not only soldiers,  but travellers and explorers and all  those who may have to" risk drinking  impure water go in for this inoculation, which m the long run will probably- put an end to the ravages of  one of mankind's 'worst enemies.  . The present war has already seen  at least three- important new medical inventions,' the most valuable of  which is undoubtedly the new serum  called Coagulen.   *  -:"  .  Coagulen is the .invention of the  great Swiss -surgeon'/.'Professor  Kocher. It is in the form of a powder, -which before use is mixed with  water. Applied to a wound, it almost  instantly coagulates the blood and  slops the bleeding, whether external  or internal. It shortens surgical  operations and : makes them less  dangerous. The French medical headquarters speak most highly of coagti-'  len. It will, no doubt, come into gen-  eraluse in all surgical operations.  Professor Frauhe**, an Austrian  doctor, has discovered a preventive  against typhus. It is a mixture containing anisol, which almost instantly  destroys the1 hitherto invulnerable in-  sect which transmits the infection of  spotted typhus.  The odd thing about .the'-discovery  is that it came by chance. The professor's assistant was told to use  anise oil in the mixture which was being prepared. Instead he put in anisol.  A third invention which will be almost as useful in peace as in war  is a method-for taking almost instantaneous X-ray photographs. Hitherto an exposure of many minutes has  been necessary for X-ray photos.  The searchlight has hardly been  improved since 1SSS, when the first  perfect parabolic mirror ��������� was produced. The chief disadvantage of  the searchlight has been that it could  not be used in a ship that had not  an electric installation.  This has now been changed. A  iiew searchlight has been evolved in  which a mixture of acetylene and  oxygen is burnt, and the flame played  on a small pellet of:ceria, which  emits an amazingly powerful light.  The outfit is quite light and portable and can be carried and used by  two men. It will be most valuable  both on sea and land.  Water wireless is another product  of this tremendous strugg'a which  will probably in the future save thousands of human lives from collision  at sea.  At present it is being used for the  detection of submarines; in the future  passenger vessels will find it invaluable in time of fog.  The French have a new air bomb  which, when it bursts, produces cold  so intense that the aviator who first  used them in November last has  placed it on record that he distinctly  felt the chill at a height of S00 feet.  It is suggested that a modification of  these bombs will prove extremely useful in fire fighting, and will enable  firemen to get to close quarters with  the intense flame produced by the  burning of oil wells.  With the Grand Fleet  An Oil That is Famous.���������Though  Canada was not the birthplace of Dr.  Thomas' Eclectric Oil; it is the home  of. that famous compound. From here  its good name was spread to Central  and South America, the West Indies,  Australia and New Zealand. That is  far afield enough to attest its excellence, for in all. these countries it is  on cale and in demand.  Trieste in War a City of Silence  Ernest Goth, correspondent of the  Leipziger Tageblatt near the Italian  frontier, writes of a trip to the city  of Trieste soon after Italy entered  the war. lie found the streets deserted, and it no longer was the lively,  vivacious Trieste of old. In the harbor only three steamships and four  fishing boats were seen, aud tho whole  city was so quiet that the approach  of a cab could ba heard blocks away.  The fruit market, too, was deserted,  despite the low prices of the luscious  cherries on sale. In front of the Cafe  Spechi, whoso patrons heretofore had  their tables extending all around the  square, there wero fewer than a dozen  diners. Half the population of Trieste  has left the city, despite the fact that  there really was no evacuation in fact.  The officials of the city had gone to  Lhe interior and thousands were called  in defence of the flag. As a result  Trieste was silent and asleep.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Escaped   in  Time  "The Balkans, and especially Bulgaria," said Senator Shields" the  other day in Washington, "are as  uncertain a factor iu this war as the  seaside bridegroom.  "A wedding party at the seaside,  you know, had Io cross, on its way  to the church, a salt creek, As the  boat carried them over this creek,  the   bridegroom   fell   into  the   water.  "'Oh, save him:' cried the bride,  'Save him!'  '"Save him? What for?' said a  guest.    'He's an Al swimmer."  "'That's just it,' wept lhe bride.  'Don't you see that lie's swimming  toward the other bank?'"  Britain's Big  Fleet  Is  Not  Loafing on  the Job  The London Times publishes an article written by the Most Rev. Cosmo  Gordon Lang, Archbishop of York, in  which lie says: . .  To share'the life of the Grand  fleet, even for a short time, enables  one to realize.the .sacrifices its officers and men have made and are making for their country.  We are entering the second year of  the war. For twelve months the fleet  has been enduring the strain of immediate readiness for battle. Almost  all its ships have been constantly at  sea. They had no harbors secure  from danger; they roamed ceaselessly over the waste of the.northern and  western, seas at full speed, often in  wild weather, with water covering the  decks, in a region where the winter  daylight lasts only a few hours, each  ship moving hither and thither in the  dark, her hundreds of men shutdown  below.  It is almost impossible to realize  the strain of such an experience/The  officers and men have all the responsibilities of war without the thrill  and-excitement of battle.  Day by day they have to be ready  .for. action. Leave of absence is  almost impossible; many of them have  not had 48 hours' leave, few have, had  more, since the war began.  Yet, in spite of all, they are full'of  cheerfulness. On deck you may see  the officers wrestling with the mighty  "medicine ball." men playing cricket,  quoits, every variety of ingenious  games. Thanks to excellent food,  fresh air and the absence of shore  temptations, the health of the fleet  is admirable.' When I .was. with the  largest section, the rate of sickness,  including accidents, was just under  one per cent.  There ;_was_ no haste, no bustle, no  confusion; every ship in her place,  every man at his post was ready. The  Grand Fleet does not ask our gratitude; it does not ask our support- It  was simply intolerable to be greeted  on returning from the fleet by the  news of one of our unworthy domestic disputes threatening the coal  supply, which is the first necessity of  its life.  It has become more plain than  ever that it does not rest only with  the fleet and the army to win this  war: it rests also perhaps mainly,  with the nation at home. I tried to  take a message from the country to  the fleet; would that 1 could now  bring the. message from the fleet to  the country: o  "AVe are doing our part clay and  night;  we look to you to do yours."  A  Minority  Report  A small, meek country negro, who  had always lived on one place near  Frankfort, Kentucky, married a big  domineering woman, and very soon  afterward moved into town, where  the keeper of the local bar met him  on the street.  " "Hello, Gab," he said, "what made  you move to town? I thought you  liked country life."  "Well, Mistah Franklin," explained  Gabe, "I uster lak de country. But  mah wife she didn't lak it���������and I've  done got so dat when she don't lak a  thing I jest natchelly hates it."  Mrs. Gnaggs, who had married  twice, was bemoaning her fate. "I  shall never cease to regret the death  of my first husband," she exclaimed  "Nor" I. madam," replied Mr. Gnaggs  bitterly.  Weed Education  And Extermination  A Universal Food  Following   Nature's   Footsteps  "I have a boy, two years old, weighing forty pounds and in perfect health  who has been raised on Grape-Nuts  and milk.  "This is an ideal food and evidently  furnishes the elements necessary for a  baby as well as for adults. AVe have  used Crape-Nut-; in large quantities  and greatly to our advantage."  One advantage about Grape-Nuts  food is that it is partially pre-digested  in tlie process of manufacture. The  starch contained in the wheat and  barley is transformed into a form of  sugar by the same method as this  process is carried out in the human  body; that is, by the use of moisture  and' long exposure to moderate  warmth, which grows the diastase in  the grains', and with long baking  makes the remarkable change from  starch to sugar.  Therefore, the most delicate stomach can handle Grape-Nuts and the  food is quickly absorbed into the  blood nnd tissue, certain parts of it  going directly to building and nourishing both body and brain. "There's  a Reason."  '   Name  given  by   Canadian   I'ostum  Co., Windsor, Ont.  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest.  Systematic Action Being Taken in the  West to Eradicate Sow Thistle  Tho department of agriculture of  Saskatchewan is making systematic  efforts- to exterminate the sow thistle,  which has been making great headway in that province. The railways  and municipalities are co-operating,  (he railways are supplying track motors while the government's experts direct the work. The Regina Leader,  in commenting on tho war against the  sow thistle, said:  "The CP.lt., having the greatest  mileage in the province, is doing the  ereat share of the work in exterminating the weed on their right-of-way  throughout the province- Every patch  of sow thistle is charted, and the company has promised to report on it to  the department from, time to time,  showing the means taken to eradicate  it. ���������'������������������.���������"  "The . thistle is dug, and when the  green plants have been dried they  are .-burned.  "To. show just what little attention  is paid to the weed, on the division  Moose Jaw to Broadview, even the  roadmaster did not know what a sow  thistle was, and only one of his section  foremen knew. They know it now,  however. On the Kirkella divisicn,  which has "been covered during the  week, only two foremen knew anything about sow thistle. Mr. Pawlcy,  who had charge of the work for the  department, is taking pains to instruct  the foremen in order that they may  be capable of totally exterminating  the very bad and undesirable weed  from their sections-  "The C.P.R. officials are in thorough sympathy with the crusade' of  the department, am." have promised to  do everything they can to assist in the  destruction of one of the worst weeds  there is in-Canada."  Minard's Liniment Cures Garget in  cows.  Booze Kept From Powder  Efficiency   Campaign   Results   in   the  Elimination of Drink  That the efficiency campaign looking to the .elimination of drink and  drinkers from European mills and  factories employed in the production  of munitions of war is having its effect in this country is shown herewith, The New York World has made  inquiries at several ammunition plants  of what rules are in force regarding  the employment of drinking men.  Some of tha replies follow:  Pittsburgh, Pa.���������-First steps to"'drive  drink from the Pittsburgh industries  engaged in the manufacture of munitions for the allies, or likely to be  called .upon in a crisis to fill similar  orders for this country will be taken  soon by the Aetna Chemical Company,  manufacturers of explosives. Major  Joseph T- Crabbs, general manager  here, admitted this a few days ago.  Much as the Duponts have done, the  Aetna people will put up the bars  against John Barleycorn among its  two thousand workers in three plants  in the Pittsburg, district.  "These new regulations have been  in preparation for some time and are  about ready; they will be strict," said  Major Crabbs. "I cannot go into details about th'em beyond saying that  they will discourage intemperance."  At the offices of the Carnegie Steel  Company the principal constituent  company of the United States Steel  Corporation, what has been done to  discourage drinking in the past was  readily unfolded as an answer for the  future. For one of the twenty thousand employes to bring intoxicants into any of the plants of. the company  means instant dismissal.  Asthma No Longer Dreaded���������The  dread of renewed attacks from asthma  has no hold upon those who "have  learned to rely upon Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg's Asthma Remedy. So safe do  they feel that complete reliance is  placed on this true specific with the  certainly that it will always do all  that its makers claim. If you have  not yet learned how safe you arc wit'i  this preparation at hand get it today  and know for yo-.rself.  Best Cow in the World  On New Jersey Faim  Gives in Year Over 11 Tons of Milk,  Yielding 1,116 Pounds of Butter  The revised figures of an official  test of 365 days at the Finderne farm  of the Somerset itolstein Breeders'  Company show that Freison Fayne is  the world's greatest cow, says a report from Somerville, N.J. In the year  she gave 21,000 pounds of milk, containing LUG pounds of butter. The  previous world's record for a Holstein  cow was 31,000 pounds of milk and  that of a Guernsey 24,001 pounds of  milk. But the valuy of the milk is  based on its butter, and Freison Fayne  has produced 105 pounds more butter  than either of the previous world's  record cows.  A pretty and agreeable young woman who lived in a country village  suddenly announced that she was going to take up teaching  "Vou! You a school teacher:" exclaimed the recipient of her confidence. "Why, I'd rather marry a widow  with nine children."  "So would I," the young woman replied, frankly, "but where is the widower?"  Customer���������f think this meat is  spoiled.  Meat Market Proprietor���������Perhaps  so, mum, but that meat came from a  prize lamb, and it may have beeu  petted too much.  favorite yeast for  more than forty  years.  Enough for 5c. to  produce 50 large  ���������<j������&$ i r  f     ' Si  Tg&p loaves of. fine, m  MADElrTcANADA     wholesome nourishing  home   made  b  not experiment, there ii  just as good.  E.W.GILLETT CO. LTD  TORONTO. ONT.  WINNIPEO MONTREAL  For the Sake-of-the Trees  Carelessness the Cause of More Than  Half of the Forest Fires  2. Don't throw your match away* until you are sure it is out.  2'..' Don't drop cigarette or cigar  butt's  until the glow is extinguished.  o'. Don't knock out, your pipe ashes  while hot or where they will fall into  dry leaves or other inflammable material.  4. Don't build a camp fire any  larger than is absolutely necessary.  G. Don't leave a fire until you are  a log, or a stump, or anywhere but  on bare soil.  6. Don't leave a fire ntil yo'u are  sure it is out; if necessary smother  it with earth or water.  7. Don't burn brush or refuse in or  near the woods if there is any chance  that the fire may spread beyond your  control, or that the wind may "carry  sparks where they would start a new  fire.  8. Don't be any more careless with  fire in the woods than you are with  fire in your own home.  9. Don't be idle when you discover  a fire in the woods. If you can't put  it out yourself, get help. Where a  forest guard or fire ranger can be  reached, call him up on the nearest  telephone you can find.  10. ��������� Don't forget that human  thoughtlessness and negligence aro  the causes of more than half of tho  forest fires in this country, and that  the smallest spark may start a conflagration that will result in loss of  life and destruction of timber and  young growth valuable not only for  lumber but for their influence in helping to prevent flood, erosiou and  drought.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Gentlemen,���������I have used MINARD'S LINIMENT on my vessel and  in my family for years, and for the  every-day ills and accidents of life  I consider it has no equal. I would not  start on a voyage without it, if it  cost a dollar a bottle.  CAPT-   F.   R.   DES.TARDIN,  Schr. Storke, St. Andre,  Kamouraska.  A steel flat car for whales has been  built for the South African railways  at Leeds, England. The car has a  capacity or 160,000 lbs., and the  weight of the car itself is 74,700 lbs.  The most remarkable thing about  the car is that, although it is designed to run on a narrow-guage  road of 3 feet G inches guage, the  width of the car body is 12 ft. G'/t ins.  Tha whales are brought to port near  Durban, South Africa, and are loaded  on these specii! cars for haulage to a  factory a few miles away, where they  are cut up for rendering.  A Dangerous Animal  The lesson in natural history had  ben about the rhinoceros, and the  teacher wanted to know how well tha  lesson had been learned.  "Now, name something." she said  "that is very dangerous to get near to  that has horns."  "I know, teaciicr, I know:" called  little Annie Jones.  "Well, Annie, what is it?"  "An automobile."  ECZEMA  Results from neglected chafln*  ami skin irritation. As a preventive end cure there Is no treatment to compare with Dr. Chaso's  Ointment. Vsc It after thc halb.  60 Cents a Uox, all Dealers, or *,&"-  Edmnnson, BaU?3 & Co., lyimJtcd,  Toronto.    Sample free. THE   SUN,    JRAND   FOKKS,   ������. 0.  I*:  r i  ������*i,  It's  !!'  ty  id  I <"'  K.(  r  WJ J'������    _s     D j.    years before the present   wai  edding  Presents iwk0        -   '  out, and it will   proba-'  Let us help you pick'.that      bty continue to revolve on  its  * axis millions oi centuries after  thc conflict is forgotten.  Present you are .going to  give.    We have a beauti  f'ul lino of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  Ai D, MORRISON grandeforks.b.c.  G.  A.   EVANS,  EDITOR  AND  PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION KATB8 :  O ie tear   One Veftr (In advance)      Due Year, in United States ..  ..< ���������..������<���������  ...1.00  .. 1.50  ".ddress all oommunioations to       .  The Gkand Forks Sun.  l'-tONK .K.74' GHAND   POKKS. H. C  KRIDAY, OCTOBER io,- 1915  A coon minstrel troupe is  iike a package of patent medicine���������their performance never  comes up to their advance ad  vertising.  ��������� But the man who restricts his joy  riding to street cars doesn't have to  worry' about punctures.  Tlie average man isn't ashamed to  do a let of things he would be ashamed  to be caughfc doing.  A feeling of superiority is the sole  satisfaction .soiiiij men -get out of being good.  Anyway, a 'man', never sits down on  the Hoot*'.when lie.puts  on  his hosiery.  Some of the Tory papers  accuse the Liberal press of  I reaking the political truce.  We very much fear that our  Conservative friends would be  highly pleased if Liberal news-  ] apers would drop party issues  to the extent of shielding the  Manitoba gang-of looters.  ' Woman's    crowning    glory   seldom  looks it in the early morn.  A woman Says a man   must   marry  to attain perfection.. ..'������������������'.  TAKES of:? dandruff.  HAIR STOPS FALLING  -ivc your Hair!    Get a 25 cent bottle  of Oc'.-.';'-crir.j right now���������Also  ctoos itching scalp.  Thin,  nri'Uo.  colorless and scraggy  jir h- niuio evidence of a neglected  ���������aiiK   ol' dandruff���������that awful  scurf.  Vher-j is  :io*hir,g so destructive to  i:e hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair  "f its lustre, its strength and its very-  Jo;  eventually producing a feverish-  ;ess and itching of thc scalp,  which  ,f not remedied causes the hair roof  to  shrink,  loosen   and  die���������then   th  hair falls out fast.   A little Dandcri  tonight���������now���������any   time���������will   sin-  save your hair.       **"  Oct. a 25 cent bottle of Kuowllo-fs  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely oan have beautiful hair and lots  of it if y;ni v.'iil just try a little Danderine.      Save    your    hair!    Try   it!  Two   heads   are .better  than one-  except in a family.  The uncertainty of love   is   one  live's sure things.  if  .Woman is better at driving bargains  than nails. '  There appears to be an excellent foundation for a lively  controversy between Sir Iiich-  ari and Count Okuma. The  count maintains that it was  the Japanese battleships that  saved the British Columbia  coast cities from being bombarded by the German cruis-'  ers at the outbreak of the war,  while Mr. McBride's adherents are equally certain that  this service was performed by  the two submarines which the  premier purchased in Seattle.  We shall reserve our decision  until we obtain further evidence.  We were never very deeply  in love with any kind of  booms. When they collapse  they usually bring a reaction  that is often worse than conditions that existed before  their advent. But a little  more mining activity at present would be a good thing for  everybody. It would take up  the surplus labor in the country and make the approaching  winter months appear less  gloomy to thousands of willing workmen, besides supplying the munitiou factories  with needed metals. There is  lots of money in the country,  and it is better to pay it out  as wages than to distribute it  as charity, which no self-respecting laborer wants when  given an opportunity to earn  a livelhooU.  Most   men  necessity  are   industrious    from  Granby Shipmants  The following are the. monthly  *������������������ hipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January.......  42,211  February..   63,09.1  March........  69,948  Aejril ..... ........... 85,382  May......... ..........100,693  ./imp.    103,004  Julv ........... 101,058  August.......:..:....;.::.....::.. 103,062  September..   93,245  Total... ..............761,694  .;���������_> '^1^ 13 GROSS,  jj'EVEEISH, CONSTIPATED  The Tory newspnpirs of Manitoba  declare with one voice that   the  ex-  ministers of that province are being  per.-iecul-'d.     They   say   Hon. A. B.  Hudson, the attorney-general,   is    a  displace to hin oflice. The offence of  thai official is thai he   is  exercising  all    the .powers   with which he has  been endowKJ to recover   a   million  or so of dollars -stolen from the public treasury and to secure the    punishment of thc thieves.    The  Norris  government whs elected b\ au extra  oidinary   majority   by -the electors  on a distinct pledge   that  it    would  do its utmost-to clean up   the   mess  made by the lloblin. administration,  and it is doing the work to the   utmost of its-ability and with   all   the  celerity possible.    There will be just  such anotner outburst when the day  for cleaning   up aud disinfecting arrives in British Columbia ���������Victoria  Times.  Men, buy your Thanksgiving needs  at McDougall tt McDonald's. See  the beautiful line of nackwear, shirts,  undearwear, hosiery, shoes, hats and  caps and suits.  The Sun costs only ������1 a year,  prints all the news.  It  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Sbo,p.  -ook   Mcthor!     If  tongue   is   coated,  cleanse !iU!o bowels with "California. Syrup of Figs."  Motnevs can rest easy after giving  "Calitornia Syrup of Figs," because in  ��������� lew hours all the clogged-up waste,  ���������*.".ir bile and i'ermonting food' gently  ioves out of tlie bo.vels, and you have  well, playful child again.  Sic!: chillier, needn't be coaxed to  ni:e- this harmless "fruit laxative."  I'ilior.s of mother-; hoop it handy be-  atise the*' know lis action on tke  tomach, liver and bov.*cis is prompt  .v.i sure.  Ask you:" Crusglst for a 50-cent bot-  '-.-��������� cf ���������"Califor.iia Syrup of Figs," which  .stains t'.ircctions for babies, children  " all agos and for grown-ups.  The Sun, at SI a year, is jsuperior  to any $2 a year paper printed in tlie  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is -maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has somethiri'- to assimilate with.  THE  There are  many  people  in  ^o^ioX^a^ZSlLONDONDIRBCTORT  (Published Annually)  gentleman in a Kootenay city  who styles himself Pastor  Wood  is  not   well  mentally,  he    m j X(J;   M ANU FACT U Ii IS US & D E A LE IIS  KnaliloH trailers   throughout   tho   world   to  communicate direct with Knfrlish  balanced   because  war and  religion  too   freely, j pi,.?"  Mis critics aver that his   predictions anent the end of the,   ..���������,..���������  ,  . ������ ,,. . ������������������ with the (.ooels they ship, and  tho Colonlnl  WOrld are Olteil  Sell-COntraCllC- , and Foreign Markets they supply;  j in ouch clnssof (roods. I'esidos being n complete commorcinl guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contniuH lists of  EXPORT M ERCH A NTS  tory.    We   take   a   different [  STEAMSHIP LINES  vieW Of   PaStOl'    Wood's    Case, ; arranged liwlertfio forts to which they soil,  however.  We not only believe!  him to be perfectly sane, butj  .,. .      ii>    .,,  | und indicating the approximate Sailings;  however.  We not only believe j PR0VINCIAL TKAD|(, N0TJCES  .,,.-, I    m ��������� : of loading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc.. in  that he  IS a SnreWU    financier,    the priucipiil provincial towns unci lndustrta!  . .      . ^ ii ; oentrcsof the United Kingdom.  lie  IS ail lmitatOl',  011   a    Small       A copy of the current edition  will  he fir-  scale, of Pastor Kussell, and l&\������?kr%tht "ni<1, ������" rooo,ptof Pom"  he is wise enough to know ^^Zi^^u^f^X^r ^1^^  that the  more  notoriety   he ������������������"-���������������������������tB from $15.   can attain, the   bigger  salary  he will be able  to command. THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  The World existed millions    Of        -25. Ah(jhur������li Lane. London, E,C  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also 'Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering   Neatly   Done.  R.C. VI cC U TC H EON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Yale  Barber Shop  Kay.or (toning a Specialty.  I    IU'l'l   J "���������  ���������    ! Riif''JJ B'!!!i: m"������ jj.-<  P. A,  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yam-: IIotpu., Fihst Stiikkt.  Some "Prices at  E.  c  Henniger s  100 lbs Our Best Fl  50 lbs    "  100 lbs. Wheat  Good Potatoes. .. .  our.  a  $3.25  .. .    1.75  1.75   60  Bring Your Pou  Itry T  roubles  to Us  B  riclge Street  Grand Forks. B.  C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  liters ana rrospeciors  When doing that work in Franklin and Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet JQm Supplies at ttie  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FDNKLEY, Prop.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  En terprising men use GO OD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait G  oat n  <ow  Ol'KICE !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  T'T.i"--honks; _,    . _.       .  oma:, K������������ o n pfrst Street  HANS"*-.'* KKHIDENtlK. R*J8 l,l'M  OI1 CCI  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  The weekly market ������ 111 be held  on Secorifl street, between Bridge  street find Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  odel Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  *vb&*W Sun for an  entire year. It is tho brightest  paper in the Boundary con itry  >'  ,   1.  tt  .ii THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  The following story, which comes  from Montreal, is interesting to one  of the members of The Sun staff afc  least. In former year;1, "when the  editor-in chief of this journal was a  j our n eym'an printer, he frequently  met, in the Puget sound cit'ie.1*, the  two personages mentioned in the  tale. Of late years hh had entirely  lost  track   of them:.  The arrival in Montreal of an  Alaskan newsp-iperman, on the way  to visit a sick father in the United  States, has uncovered an'exceedingly rich ritory involving the railvvav  development of Alaska, unci the  personality of Franklin K. Lane,  secretary of tha interior, The long  distance traveller is William T.  Thompson, publisher of the News  Miner at Fairbanks.  Mr. Thompson, who is an Amen  can, went west from   Toronto  eighteen years ago, landing   at  Trail, B.  (J., the smelter city, where he estab  1-hed in business and   conducted   a  n-nvspaper,   also   publishing   for   a  time   a -weekly "at   Rossland, B. C.,-  where   he   crossed    wires   with   F.  Augustus Heinztvthe latter   coming  out of the battle victorious, Thompson   going   to the  Slikine, where he  is noA' editor and publisher   of   the  News Miner at Fairbanks.     He tells  the story in this way:  "We have a dinky little narrow-  guage railway there,' financially  bankrupt in a thousand vvay.<v inefficiently equipped and therefore  run at enormous extravagance; can't  pay the interest on the bonds, and  getting worse all the time. - Somebody made the supreme court con  elude that the railways of -Alaska  came under the interstate commerce  commission, and the cheap clerks on  the commission began to hand out  orders there by mail. Every railway  in Alaska bad to quit, except the  Guggenheim road, tbe White Pass,  and our little 45 mile road. Our  road couldn't quit; so long as they  kept running they were on earth  and had a chance-���������when they quit  they were dead.  "Finally, after the interstate commission had {tiled up about 8100,-  000 fine, and 363 years in jail for  its president, their manager���������a- very  good carpenter, by the Way���������came  crying to me and asked' me what he  ..should do. It was so funny 1 told  him to forget it and leave it to me.  Three weeks later Franklin K. Lane,  president of the interstate commerce  commission, received a letter from  me which  read:  '*'Dear Frank:    When.you and 1  Ui-ed   to   work   together on the   old  Tacoma News, a generation .and  more ago, yon used to be a hell of a  good fellow, tint today you are getting to be an all round , and   if  you don't change your system something bad is.apt to happen to you,  For instance, you threaten to put  our little railway out of business  unless it hauls dynamite ten car  lengths from the engine. In the first  place tbe blamed railway hasn't ten  cars, and in the second place it has  n't an engine that could haul ten  cars if it had them. The only way  that they can comply with your demand is to hitch the car of "dynamite onto the engine with a ten-car  length rope, and then, do you care  to be responsible for what happens  to the engine and crew thereof when  the train starts down the bill?'  ��������� "I continued in the letter with tbe  actual story of the load, and three  weeks later both the railroad and  myself, received . letters from Lane  assuring us that tbe interstatr commerce commission would make no  more trouble for this road, and they  have not.  "For six months afterwards, after  Lane became secretary of the interior, I kept getting letters from  different members of the interstate  commerce commission explaining  why they had mixrd it with our  railroad, and apologizing therefore  Three months ago the commission  formally remitted the immense fines  against President Joslyn; told him  tie needn't go to jail for more than  300 years, to which punishment he  fell heir under the interstate rules;  congress had passed a law remitting  a tax of ������100 mile on all Alaskarail-  ways, for all the time it had not  been paid and for all time to come  ���������-just because Lane and I used to  work together more than twenty  years ago on a little hand-set daily  paper in the state of Washington,  and because , he is a human man  when you forget his official position."  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  If "what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad taste  in mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize in five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any stomach disorder.  It's the ouicl-est, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  It begins to look as if Jay Pluve  had at last squeezed all the water  out of his clouds. '  Blessed is the peacemaker, especially if lie keeps at a safe distance.  Some men attract no more attention than a thermometer on a pleasant  day  Anyway, when a man accuses his  wife of having married him for his  money he pays tribute to her good  sense. -  John Wanamaker saysin Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steadjv lb in  creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and piints   the   news   of the  city and district first.  Unless a man has faith in himself, there isn't much hope for  him.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If you care for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is .radiant", with  life; has an incomparable softness and  Is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishness and itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosc:i and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25^ent bottle of  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it.  Men, have you seen tha new line of  rubbers MacDougall & MacDonald are  show*in<.'? Just arrived from the factory.  Prices .$1.50 and SI 25 a   pair.  If you recommend a man for a posis  tion and he acts badly it is doughnutr  to fudge that you will be blamed fo  it all the rests of your days.  Buv vnur underwear at the popular  price store in- town. Cotton. 90c a  suit; wool. $2.00 up to $8.00 a suit.  See"the line of combinations, all sizes,  at $125, 1.50,2 75 a smt. MacDougall & MacDonald.  Cut Out This Apple Table  The following table, taken from Better Fruit, should prove invaluable  to those who at some time or other during thg season want to know which  apple to buy for deisert, for sauce or for baking The table shows the chief  varieties, their seasons and theii.i qualities while unripe and ripe fo.i the three  uses mentioned:  Kind. Sntsttu.     Condition   Dex.sert       Samr. Jinkimj.  Yellow Transparent ..A,ug.-Sept.  Unripe   Good lixcellant     p  Ripe       Excellont  Good  Mcintosh Hed Aug,-Oct.   Unripe   Poor Excellent     Poor  llipe       Excellent   Good Good  Wealthy.. , Sept.-Oct   Unripe   Poor Excellent     Excellent  Ripe       Excellent   Excellent    Good  E.W.Barrett  c/4.uctioneer-  Sells Anything, Anywhere,   Any    Time.  Stocks a Specialty1  GRAND  FORKS, B. C.  I  001"  Poor  Poor  Winter Banana Oct.-Dec.   Unripe   Good  Ripe       Excellent  Delicious Oct.-Nov. Unripe   Good Good  Ripe       Excelleut Poor  Jonathan Nov.-Dec. Unripe   Good Excellent    Good  Ripe      Excellent Good Poor  Grimes Golden Nov, Feb. Unripe Poor Excellont    Good  Ripe      Excellent Good Poor  ���������Spitzenberg Dec. Jan. Un.iipe Good  Ripe Excellent  Rome Beauty  ..Dec.-Apr.  Unripe Poor  Ripe Exollent-   Good'  Yellow Newtown Feb. May Unripe Good Fxcellent  Ripe Excellent  Wincsap ,..Feb.-Apr.   Unripe Good  Ripe Excelleut  Wagoner Feb.-May Unripe Poor  Ripe Good Good  ���������     ,,    ,     Excellent  iWlent   Qo0(i  Excellent    Excellent  Good  Excellont  Good  Excellent    Good  Excellent    Excellent  Poor  It Goes to The Home  Our paper goes to the home  and Is read and welcomed there.  If you wish to reach the house*  I wife, the real arbiter of domestic  destinies, you can do so through  our paper and our Classified  Want Ads. form an interesting  and well-read portion of it  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  COO l'ER ACRE���������The old fiiaham much of  CP^jU S12 acres, at Cascade, can he purchased at $20 per aero, if taken at once. W.  K. ICsting-. owner, Kosslund, Ii. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKKS WANTED as agents for our hitr'i  crude blcvcles. Write for low prices io  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCLE WORKS, ViC-  TOKIA, B.C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your   repairs  to   Armson, .shoe   repairer.     Tho   Hub.    Look  for  the   Hitr  Hoot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HI'JHEHT CASH PI'ICES paid for old Stove*  and    Kauri's.    E. C.  Peckhiun.   .-'veoiwl-  hand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  pOOj)   five room  house: two   block*   from  1    po-t office.   Apply this office.  I  A'r  \j>H  AssuringYour  usmess  Q_yi policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the infiuence of temptation  ���������they may* be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Not  to advertise  regularly   to  the readers of .  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  let?ve  vour  business un-  protected.  TO Tl  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction  of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop  3*&i  4r ii-n &."���������_   ~s   -l,i  1  a  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FOKKS.   S.C  I  i  pi  V, '  The Plight of Poland  Needless Calf Slaughter  Hig'1 Cost of Meat Largely Attributed  to the Killing, of Young Stock  In the July 10th issue of Hide and  Leather we'published a timely article  calling attention to the wastefulness  oi' slaughtering calves and young  lambs and suggesting.? that some action be taken to prevent this by legislation. The article stated that'the  high cost of meat is caused by the  scarcity of cattle, and this depletion  is largely attributable to the killing  of so many young calves, which, of  course, is true.  If any one will stop to study slaughtering statistics of these calves, and  also consider the process of raising  them, only>then one will fully appreciate the costly waste that is going on.  To show this, let us take a small  community of half a dozen farmers  who invest in or own ten heifer calves-  'At the age of two years they commence to breed���������one calf a year���������and  these calves will average half males  and half females. In other words,  they will produce a heifer every two  years, and these in turn will follow in  the footsteps of their mothers. At  the end of two years we have fifteen,  consisting of ten mothers and five  calves. Then they commence to double  in every two years. Thirty at the end  of the two following years, -sixty- at  the end of the fourth following year,  120 at the end of the sixth following  year, 240 at the end of the eighth following year, and 4S0 at the end of the  tenth following year.  Four hundred and eighty cattle in  place of the ten calves! In addition,  there have been raised the steers, and  these sold as they matured-at from  $75 to $100 each, which is more than  enough to pay for all the feed and  care. This is ideal farming, of course,  and may not always work out, but certainly will be much better than selling  calve-s-to be butchered.���������Hide aud  Leather.  Has Passed Through Long Years of  Tragedy and Political Persecution  We hear more of thc martyrdom of  Belgium than of the murder of Poland. But the plight of the partitioned  kingdom is by far the most pathetic.  Once a proud people, under wnose  shield even the Prussians were glad to  shelter, Poland is today only the  shadow of a state. She had been Prussianized and Prussianized and Aus-  trianized by every lawful and unlawful means open to her conquerors.  Even now her soldiers are lighting  t'cr every country but their own.  Brother is seeking the life of brother  in an alien quarrel. Their land is ravaged and battle-torn, and their people  suffering all that Belgium suffered  without the sympathy and practical  ehlp that Belgium received,  Russia has promised amendment  for her deeds in the past. Poland will  govern herself in future and a rege'n-"  erated nation will- arise. The Allies  will be eternally disgraced if the  promise given in Russia's name is not  fulfilled to the letter. Poland has  passed through long years of tragedy,  through long years of coercion, of  national suppression of political persecution. But the soul of a people  cannot be killed. Poland will be a  nation again. And all she has gone  through will but make her cherish  liberty ail the more fervently.���������Vancouver World.  Bankers and Farmers  To safeguard the child from damage  that worms cause, use Miller's Worm  Powders, the medicine par excellence  for'children. These powders will clear  the, system entirely of worms, will  regulate and stimulatethe organs injuriously affected by the'worms, and  will encourage healthful operation of  the digestive processes. As a vermifuge it cannot be surpassed in effectiveness.  The case with which corns and  warts can be removed by Hollo way's  Corn Cure"is'its strongest recommendation.   It seldom fails.  Native���������There are the Oldboy  Twins.   They are 98 years old.  Stranger���������To what do they credit  their long lives?  Native���������One 'cause he used tobacco  and one 'cause he never used ic.  How German Shell Saved a Britisher  A remarkable story of a German  '"'Jack Johnston" saving a British j  soldier's life comes from an officer in j  a nursing home in Manchester. He;  said that one day a "Jack Johnston"  exploded in the noman's land between  the trenches and suddenly a Highland  soldier, or rather the spectre of a  Highland soldier, arose and reeled  towards the British lines and fell over  the parapet into the trench.where .the  officer was- Everyone was much astonished, for the man's regiment had  not been in that part to the knowledge  of the occupants of the trench. The  man had his arm shattered and was  in a terrible condition.  ��������� Later it was discovered from what  he said that he had been wounded  and stunned by a shell two days before, -.and that he had lain unconscious all that time until the explosion of the "Jack Johnston" brought  him back to consciousness, and he  had taken the right direction and  reached a British trench. He has  since recovered; thus his life was  really saved by the "Jack Johnson."  American Bankers Co-operating With  Farmers in a Movement For  General Farm Betterment  A small downstnte banker in Illinois  attempted a few years ago to interest  the American Bankers' association in  country life. Last week there met in  Cnioago the annual banker-farmer con-  feronco which has grown out of his  eu'orts, with over o00 bankers, many  agriculturists, and representatives of  the neighboring state universites in  attendance. A speech of the organizer  recounted what his associates had  done in the meantime:  "We have led the great movement  for country farm demonstrators, and  urged soil- surveys and the necessity  for a careful study of the commercial  fertilizer propaganda. Our committees  are working for better rural schools,  fitted to the needs of citizenship and  consolidated wherever possible. 'We  know that commerce and a better marketing system begin on the country  road, and that good roads lead in more  directions than can bo enumerated.  We realize that the wholesome, prosperous country town is an absolute  necessity, and that community building is one-of the big needs and tasks  of the nation."  The-most visible expression of this  new recognition by, the country and  snrall town banker���������over 55 per cent,  of the members of the association represent banks of $25,000 capital or  less���������that his own prosperity, will increase in direct ratio with the prosperity of the community, is the monthly  Banker-Farmer Magazine. It is devoted to general farm betterment,'but  it pays special attention to the subject of agricultural credits, and in this  stands for a more liberal attitude than  has been common. The banker lias  greater opportunities to be a leader in  country life than most men: but it  would be will if merchant and professional members of the semi-rural community found similar means of showing its solidarity.���������New York Post:  TIATS IDIGES1  AN BE CURED  "And now, madam, what about  penciling the brows?"    -'  "I think," said Mrs. Nurich, "I'd like  one of these highbrow effects that I  read so much about in the papers."  From Female Ills ��������� Restored  to Health   by Lydia E,  Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound.  Belleville, N.S., Canada.���������"I doctored  for ten years for female troubles and  did not get well. I read in tho paper  about Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound and decided to try it. I write  now to tell you that I am cured. You  can publish my letter as a testimonial."  ��������� Mr*. Suvkine Babine, Belleville,  Nova Scotia, Canada. ��������� |  Another Woman Recovers.   "'  Auburn, N. Y. ��������� "I suffered from,  nervousness for ton years, and had such  organic pains that sometimes I would lie  in bod four days at a time, could not eat  or sleep and did not want anyone to talk  to me or bother me at all. Sometime9  I would suffer for seven hours at a time.  Different doctors did the best they could  for me until four months ago I began  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  Only Woman Violin Maker  Miss Grace Barstow, of San Jose,  Cal., is said to' be the only woman  violin maker in the world. Miss Bar-  stow got her training as a violinist  in this country and Europe and was  so successful that at one time she  played in concerts. Then, feeling that  she would like to make a violin, she  apprenticed herself to an old violin  maker who had made a success of  his work and learned all that he could  teach her of the craft.  So far Miss Barstow has made nice  violins, all of which are said to be  unusually fine instruments and have  sold at high prices. In her seventh  violin she struck anew trial by using  redwood. Though her friends advised  against her wasting her timj on such  an experiment, she secure a slab of  redwood heart that had been seasoning for thirty years as a plank on her  grandfather's fence. The wood was so  bsautifuly grained and so perfectly  seasoned that she stuck to her plan  and made a violin of it. The result  was so satisfactory that she has been  offered a much higher price for it  than for any other instrument of her  making.  Minard's  theria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  For "the Full Man"  Everybody these days is in danger  of being one-sided. Business, labor,  vocations, avocations���������all are pretty  well specialized. Some of them are  intensely specialized.  So there is particular need to keep  brushed up on things not directly connected with your bread and butter  work. One does not need to "chase  culture so hard that the poor beast is  Dr. WilJiams' Pink Pills Go  Right to the Root of  the Trouble  No trouble causes more widespread  suffering and discomfort than indigestion. The ailment takes various  forms. Some victims are ravenous for  food; others turn sick at the sight of  meals; but as a rule every meal is  followed by intense pains in the chest,  heartburn, sick headache and often  nausea. Indigestion assumes an obstinate form because ordinary medicines only subdue its symptoms���������but  do not cure. So-called pre-digested  foods only make the digestion more  sluggish, and. ultimately make  the trouble take a chronic form.  Dr..'Williams' Pink Pills cure'indigestion because they go right to the  root of the trouble. They make new,  rich blood, which so strengthens the  system that the stomach does its own  work and digests(ithe food in a natural way. Many a terrible sufferer  from indigestion has found a permanent cure through a fair use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. Among them is  J\Irs. I-I. Carmern, Locke street north,  Hamilton, Ont., who says: "Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills not only gave me  new health, but new life. For five  years I was a great sufferer, .was almost constantly doctoring, and spent  a great deal of money with absolutely  no result. My stomach was iu-such  a dreadful condition that frequently  it would not retain nourishment of  any kind. When I ate I suffered terrible pains, a fluttering of the heart  and often a feeling of nausea. In  addition to this I was in a very anaemic condition, and felt as if I was lingering between life and death. One  day while sitting in the park a lady  got into conver. ation with me; and I  told her my trouble. She asked me if  I had tried Dr. Williams' Pink Pills,  saying that they had been a great benefit to her daughter. When I went  home I decided to tfy this msdiciue.  I soon found the pills were helping  me, and continued taking them for  several months, when I was restored  to better health than I had enjoyed  for years, and I have since been the  picture of health. I hope my experience may be the means of pointing  to others the way to health."  You can get thesn pills through any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont-  .22 Repeating Rifle  Speed���������Power���������and Accuracy in every line of thia  Arm. Patterned after our I-Iigh-Power Model. Slide-  action with no projecting parts. 15 shots without reloading���������you simply pump and pull trigger for each shot.  The product of our 100 years experience in the manufacture of HIGH-GRADE Arms. Over 1200 individual  inpections in the making of this rifle. Targeted by  Government and Military experts. Tested under loads  far in excess of those we recommend.  " The Ammunition That Guarantees Your Arm"  ��������� Eeminton-UMC Cartridges in all,calibres���������torallsporting-nnd  military Arms. So uniformally (superior tlmt we gruaranteu  every riflo in which they're UBed. ReminKton-TJMC Ammunition insures your arm.  ���������*���������'.'    "-���������- '  ���������  Remington Arms������Union Metallic Cartridge Co.  (Contractors to.thc British Imperial and Colonial Government';)  London, Eng.       WINDSOR, ONT.       New York, U.S. A;  How Wanamaker Succeeded  Always Tried to do Better Than the  Other Fellow, He Says  "Every boy has a fair chance and  can arrive if he starts right and sticks  to it," says John Wanamaker, the  great merchant of New York and  Philadelphia-  Wanamaker was visiting in Kansas  City a few years ago and was asked  by a newspaper reporter to tell the  secret.of his. success.-.  ���������'"I always tried to do better than the  other fellow," he answered.  Wanamaker says that when he went  to Philadelphia to find his first day's  work he was laughed at: for his count  try clothes. Tie got a job in a store  and the other clerks made fun of him  because he worked so hard. lie did  things that he did not have to do. He  was always ready to jump in and  help. He worked as hard for the success of that little clothing store as if  he owned it himself. Pie was always  doing better than any other clerk in  the store, and the owner soon saw it.  It wasn't long until John was foreman  of the place aud boss over the clerks  who had laughed at him.  "It was good for me to be sneered  and scoffed at,'' says Wanamaker. "It  helped nie to arrive at the destination  I had started for."  Of course Mr. Wanamaker was exaggerating to make his point. Not  every boy has had a fair chance. But  every boy needs to ask himself the  questions suggested by Mr. Wanamaker. "Am I doing my job as well  as it can be done?'' Am I working for  the house all the time, thinking of the  best interests of the business, bringing intelligence to my work?" "Am I  making good so conspicuously that I  am making myself indispensable?"  Such questions as these must be answered in the affirmative before a  boy can feel that he is making the  most of his opportunities.���������Kansas  City Star.  Forests as Taxpayers  Municipal   Forests  Are   Switzerland's  Revenue Producers"       t"  The Shilwald, or city forest of Zurich, Switzerland, adds to the town's'  revenues .?7.20 per acre, a year, reducing the amount needed tojbe rais-ed  through taxation by more'lhan $32,-  000.  In Canada, there are : as yet no  municipal forests, though the forests  on crown lands are a source of large  revenue, particularly to the provincial  governments. Too ''frequently,-..however, they have been regarded merely  as a source of immediate revenue,  without sufficient, provision for "making the revenue perpetual through  adequate fire protection and the control of methods of cutting calculated  to restore the forest after cutting.���������  C.L., in Conservation.  }  ss.  _,.���������_.,.      ,   T, ..    . scared to death," as someone has said,  giving l.ydia h. Pinkliam s Vegetable / Bi.it every man should broadem his in-  Compound a trial and nov/Ijim in good ' terests and his general information by  reading; by making it a point to meet  J persons of divergent interests at  ! luncheon, or wherever thc occasion  | offers.  j    Pen Hu-,  working the oars at one  j side of the galley, asked the captain  I to let him change oars and sides so  he could develop bis muscles synmiet-  health."���������Mrs. William H. Gill,No. IS  Pleasant Street, Auburn, New York.  The above are only two of the thousands of grateful letters which arc constantly being received by the Pinkhara  Medicine  Company   of  Lynn,   Mass.,  which show clearly what great things  Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Com- Ideally.  pound does for those who suffer' from I    One's mind requires   symmetry and  completeness as much as his body.���������  Kansas City Star.  woman a ins.  If you want special advice write to  Lydia E. Pinklinm  Medicine Co. (confl-  denlial)Lynn,Mas3,  Your letter will bo  opened, rend and  ������ns we red by a woman and held in  strict confidence.  W. N. U. 1068  Co-operative Vegetable Canning  It is reported that at Regina a plan  is on foot for utilizing the immense  local crop of vegetables already in  sight, by canning them under a cooperative arrangement, The scheme is  the outcome of a conference between  a local manufacturer and tho garden  committee. There are said to be two  thousand moro gardens under cultivation In Regina this year than during  previous years-���������Xor'-Wost P'armer.  "Joseph," said the grocer to his new  boy. "What have you been doing in  the back room so long?"  "Pickitf the dead Hies out of the  currants, sir," Joseph answered'briskly-  Tho grocer's lip curled.  "So that's what you were doing, is  it, Joseph," he said, "And your father  told me that he knew you were cut  out for the grocery trade." Well,  Joseph, you'd better study for the ministry."���������London Opinion.  .Tolinny���������What is an expert, pa?  Pa���������A fellow who tells others how  to do the things he can't do himself-  0  Cure  Guaranteed  Never known to fall;  acts without pain in  24 hours. Is soothing,  healing; take3 the  sting right out. No remedy sc quick,  safe and sure as Putnam's Painless  Corn Extractor. Sold everywhere���������25c  per bottle.  A Pill For Brain Workers.���������The  man who work's with his brains is  more liable to derangement of the  digestive system than the man who  works with his hands, because the  one calls upon his nervous energy  while the other applies only his muscular strength. Brain fag begets irregularities of the stomach and liver,  and the best remedy that can be used  is Parmelec's' Vegetable Pills. They  are specially compounded for such |  cases and all those who use them can  certify to their superior power.  State of Ohio, city of Toledo.  apneas  County,  Frank o. CHency makes oath Uiat ha  is senior partner ol' the firm of F, J.  Cheney & Co., doing business in the City  of Toledo, County and State aforesaid,  and that said 'irni will nay the sum of  ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each  and every case of Catarrh that cannot  be cured by the use of HALL'S CATARRH  CURE.  .VRANK   J.    CHENEY.  Sworn io before ma and subscribed in  mv presence, this Cth day of December,  A.D. 1SS0".  (Seal) A.  W. GLEASON.  Notary   Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts directly upon the blood end  mucous surface.-' of the system. Send for  testimonials.   Lee.  F. J. CHEWEY. & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold  by all  Dru.twists,   7fic.  Take Hall's Family Pills for Constipation.  A very old Irishman one day astonished a friend by announcing that he  was about to get married.  "Well,1'ye see," the old man explained, "it's just because I'm gettin' an  oul'd bhoy now. 'Tis a fine thing, Pat,  to have a wife near ye to close the  eyes of ye whin ye come to the end."  "Arrali. now, ye ould fule!" exclaimed Pat. "Don't be so foolish.  What do you know about it? Close  yer eyes, indade! I've had a couple  of thim, and faith, they both of them  opened mine!"  "Is your boy ever at the head of  his class?"  "No." replied the fond father-, "Josh  doesn't get to the head of his class.  But you jes' ought to sec him slide to  second base!"  Spoils the Impression  "Rogers has an intelligent face.    If  he didn't say a word you'd know he  was clever."  '���������Yes, but the trouble is he does."  is one that assists Nature.  Regular and natural action of  the stomach, liver, kidneys and  bowels will keep you well and  fit, and this action ispromoted by  Tie Urjest Sals of Any Medicine ia lhe World.  Sold everywhere.   In boxes, 25 cenla  "SECURITY FIRST"  Is  Your  Life   Insurcd7    Keep    Your    Policy    In     Forco  And Increase the Amount as Soon as Possible  If You're Not Insured, Make Application Tod-ay  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over Four Million Dollarg Assets for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write    For   Memo. Book and Circular.  ONTARIO VETERINARY COLLEGE  110   UNIVERSITY AVE. ��������� - - TORONTO,  CANADA  I'a.toc   tlie   control   of   the  Department   of  Sericulture   of   Ontario.  Affiliated Willi the University  of Toronto.  COLLEGE    RE-OPENS    FRIDAY,    1ST   OCTOBER,   1915  CAT/TCNDAT*.  ".IT' SENT ON* APPLICATION.  K.   A.   A.   OnANGJO,  V.S.,  M.Sc.,  Principal.  I  !l  . f  J-''  <<!  ���������"',i  i  I  .'4  ���������'I  it]  i  A]  ��������� -.vi  ���������i <  ."W  4  it. THE    SUN,    GRAND    FOKKS,    B. C.  ������V  A   BRAND   OF   SHAME  FOR   THOSE   RESPONSIBLE  Germans Within   the Empire are Convinced that there has been  No Conspiracy by any Government against Germany, and  Only by Victory of the Allies will they be Set Free  oi thc allied arm-  humanity that we  emancipated from  of Prussian  miti-  In spite of a policy of suppression in  Germany evidence is revealed almost  every day of tlie awakening of a spirit  of revolt that has been in ;���������. hypnotic;  slumber. It appeared in the recently-  published manifesto of the social  democracy, but was curbed by the obsession so assidiously kept up by the  imperial government that the--empire  vas forced into.the war of the defense  of its very existence. It is boldly asserted, by "a committee of the German  Humanity League; which is more safe-,  ly dated at Rotterdam. That the members of thai body are, free from .the  obsession is shown by the assertion  that;they are "convinced" that there  hay been "no- conspiracy by any gov-  ���������criiment 'or any nation against Germany, and that on fhe contrary it is  only by the victory  les as guardians ol'  ourselves shall be  thc accursed yoke  tarism."  ������������������Enlightened' democrats in all countries," it is declared,, must assist in  breaking that yoke "before tho German states can regain thc pathway oi*  peace." As evidence that those whose  sentiments arc expressed in this new  manifesto can '"look facts plainly in  the face," and see them as they are  seen by all who arc not obsessed, such  familiar *'facts" arc thus slated: "No  Btate coveted our land or menaced  German integrity. Our ships were free  to sail and welcomed on every ocean.  Our citizens enjoyed the ^fullest civil  rights in all parts of the world. Our  industrial output found a. ready market in every quarter of -the. globe.  Commerce was increasing year by  year.".  A year ago nobody would be found  even in Germany to dispute these  facts. As further evidence that there  are Germans who see and feel rs  others do, the desire is expressed that  ���������'outraged Belgium, Luxemburg and  France be restored to tranquility and  the liberation of Poland and Bohemia from the' fetters of servitude."  How far this feeling may exist cannot  now be judged because, according to  this same Geramn authority, "by false  declaration the- press is compelled to  deceive the Fatherland and our compatriots continue to be slaughtered in  the trenches- By golden gifts members of the Reichstag and publicists  have been seduced to betray the peo-  pie's cause they have sworn to defend." No more ;evere charges have  been made against the ruling power  of the "great cential empire" of Europe than those uttered by these German voices. They cry out that this  power "has shattered our homes,  aarkened our lives,'robbed us of'our  bravest sons and set the whole -civilized world against us." They charge  it .with having by foul corruption deceived the Turkish nation and compassed its ruin," and they declare that  to their last hours the kaiser, Von  Tirpitz and Bethman Hollwegwill carry upon them the brand of shame for  the unparalleled ruin they have  wrought    and the  they have plunged the world by their  barbarism on land and sea."  .-The-���������significance-of this language  lies in the fact that it does not come  from enemies of Germany, or even  from men of Germ-ui blood who were  exiled by this very Prussian militarism in time" past, and have shared -n  blessings, of democratic governmen  in other lands. It is uttered by ae-  voted sons of the Fatherland who long  for such blessings in the home of their  race and their kindred. They are  making an earnest appeal to "every  democratic Saxon, Bavarian, Hanoverian and Wurtemburger to join hands  with all who realize the unspeakable  ���������crime of unprovoked war and" to persevere in demanding the evacuation of  Brabant, Flanders and Luxemburg and  the cessation of bloody outrage in Alsace and Lorraine."  One can only wonder how much of  this spirit of revolt is still slumbering  benumbed under the surface,of the  states which constitute the empire of  Germany, ready to break out if some  great climax should "be- reached to  cause an eruption.1 It has been suppressed, but it has not become extinct. A generation has grown up under the molding influence of tho Prussian system of government, derived  from' the medieval time, and on the  surface it is cased with iron and  adorned with imperial splendor. But  there may yet be something volcanic  underneath. It can only rumble while  the armies are trampling over the  fields and holding their ground against  enemies who have been aroused to  madness in their own defense and ;n  a determination to expel the demons  of war from their borders and extinguish the fires in which they revel and  threaten the peace of The world and  the welfare of mankind.���������New York  Journal of Commerce and Commercial  Bulletin. ^     -  Social Centre  Wealthy Citizen Constructs Neighborhood   Community  of  Hustonia,  Ohio  South Charlestown, 0.���������A few miles  from this town lies Hustonia, the only  built to order community centre for  farmers in the United States. It was  built under the direction of Foster  Houston, aged 47, and is designed to  bring neighborhood ideas to the country, so that rural residents may have  healthy amusement during leisure  hours, and so that the young tillers of  the soil shall not weaken to any desire  to Hock to the big cities.  Houston  himself  deserves   a  paragraph. He began life as a boy bound  out to a skinflint farmer who allowed  him 10 cents a week spending :monoy  and gave him  an. orange  for Christmas.    He  worked   from    3   a.m.   till  darkness.   He learned all about farming as  it was  done before scientists  took a hold of it.   When he inherited  a bank and several thousand acres of  , . ,    land on the death of two elder broth-  misery into which   ers, then he began to widen his know-  i... Ijdge of scientific farming.  Three years ago he began to put his  ideas on farming into operation. Owning 10,000 acres of good soil in Madison, Clark, and Green counties, he divided his land into thirty-two farms  and instituted the tenant system, with  his important provision���������the tenar.t  was bis business partner. Each farm-  was operated as.a separate business,  as Houston and Jones, or Houston and  Smith, or Houston and Houston as  happens in the case of his son, who  operates a 600 acre plot. Each, tenant  is supreme on his farm, answerable  only to Houston.  Each of the partnership farms is  operated on a card index, scientific,  businesslike system. All disbursements are by check; every animal and  currycomb on every farm is listed, and  .a/monthly auditis made of each partnership. Every field at every month of  the year is accounted for with colored  maps. Expert accountants-keep tbe  books. An expert engineer has charge  of the buildings erected, roads constructed and general layout of the  farms. -  Each of the thirty-two farms produces different crops and stock, the  latter numbering into the thousands.  Two farms speeializ*; in dairying, another in chicken raising, another in  horses, etc. The dairie. are models, so  far., as labor saving machinery and  modern methods of handling milk are  concerned. Orchards are carefully  kept, houses and buildings well painted, and everything conducted on a  businesslike basis. All of the farms  are beautiful to look upon.  Hustonia comprises 230 buildings-  The one'in which Houston takes most  pride is the Houston Athletic clubhouse, a structure 40x70 feet. This  place 'hasbecome" the veritable centre  of the social life of the community.���������  Chicago Tribune.  AT   WAR   FOR   AN   HOUR WITHOUT KNOWING IT  The Farm Training  Armor for Allied Soldiers  The  Country  in  a  Class  by  Itself for  the   Development   of  Character  Farm trained boys have long been  valued by employers in every line oi  industry and in the professions, because of their greater initiative and  abounding" energy. A. city contemporary admits the superiority of boys  from the farm, and laments the decline in initiative and energy in men  of the city's own breeding. The reason  for this difference is fully explained,  we believe, by the artificial life of  the modern city. The following paragraph from And.rson's "The Fa-rnier  of Tomorrow," is not overdrawu as a  description of the life of the averr.se  city man: .    -  '���������Light,;jiir, fuel and water, the products of nature, are fed to him  through tubes; vacuum and gravity  ���������:-., harnessed for his light housekeeping. The municipality, of which he is  a-member in good standing, disposes  of his waste paper and potato peelings; regulates noise and smell; inspects his food; guarantees him so  many cubic feet of air. to sleep in, a  minimum bacterial count of 50,000 to  the c. c. in his morning's milk, and a  ladder in case of lire; assumes the  supervision of the eyes, teeth and intellect of his children, polices him,  sweeps his streets, counts him at  birth, marriage and death and at tho  polls.'fumigates him, makes music for  him in the parks, and keep him off tin  grass."  Where is the chance for the development of initiative under conditions  such as this? Where is the opportunity for that communion with nature  which awakens and develops the best  in humanity? After all, the country  is not such a bad place to live in. J ���������  a place wherein to rer.r men and women of initiative and character, the  counlry is in a cla.jS by itself.���������Farm  mid Dairy.  F. .versible One-Piece Suit of Iron Has  Accompanying  Helmet to  Protect  Head  Wakeman Bradley, a resident of Detroit, and a veteran of the Civil War.  has a patent pending in Washington  which fulfills the idea of individual  armor for'soldiers that Sir Arthur  Conan Doyle fas suggested for the  British army.  Bradley has invented a one-piece  body armor that is reversible, and  may be worn on the backs of the  soldiers when retreating. This armor protects all the vital parts, and  has an accompanying helmet to protect the head.  Bradley called upon J. P. Morgan  & Co., in New Yjrk, and says that on  showing his invention it was accepted at once, and that he expects to  hear shortly of the sale of the patent to the allies. He also made a  trip to Ottawa, where, he says, the  invention was favorably received, and  is now under consideration.  A feature of the invention is that  the first line of men may kneel down  and lock their shields together, forming a steel breastwork for the men  in the rear rank.  Never Saw a Saloon  Boys  and Girls of Kansas Do Not  Know What One  Is  There are half a million boys and  girls in Kansas, who never saw a  saloon, Gov. Capper of that state remarked in the course of an address : t  the Panama Exposition. His speech  was delivered from thc steps of the  Kansas building in celebration of  Kansas day.  "If it is good to live in Kansas, it  is because the people of Kansas have  made it so," Gov. Capper said. "Kansas people have never dodged an issue  nor refused to face a difficulty. Kansas is now a good place in which to  live largely because thirty years ago  we dared to make the open saloon an  outlaw, because we were not afraid to  attack a curse as ancient as human  history, and put it.from us forever."  Dared to Advise the Kaiser  A narrative in the Temps, of Paris,  written by a neutral subject who has  just returned from Germany suggests  the disgrace of Marshal von Hinden-  burg.  The writer explains that in the best  informed circles in Germany it is believed that "von Hindenburg was disgraced through declaring to thc kaiser  that the war appeared to him to  have reached the point where Germany could not obtain any further  advantages. Ho advised the Kaiser  to find "some means of stopping this  endless slaughter.  "The Kaiser told him to hold his  tongue and dismissed him from his  presence, and immediately appointed  Gen. von Mackeuseu to take his  place."  Bulletin on Swine Raising  Valuable Bulletin Covering the Whole  ���������Field of Swine Raising  The second edition of Bulletin No.  17 of the Federal Live Stock Branch,  entitled "Swine Husbandry in Canada," has been issued, and may be  had on application to the publication  branch of the d partment of agriculture at Ottawa. The interest in swine  raising, stimulated, no doubt, by the  high values of pork products, made  such a demand for information on this  subject that the first edition printed  last year was (juinkly exhausted. This  edition brings up to data statistics  with respect to pedigree registration  and the trade in hog products. It is  shown that the total exports for the  fiscal year ending March 31, 1915,  amounted' to 166,048,510 lbs., as  against 27,561,140 lbs. the previous  year. This bulletin covers the whole  field of swine raising, giving the results of official experiment!, as well as  thc practices of successful farmer  swine raisers. An interesting section  describes the system of feeding hogs  in Denmark, where combinations of  fcod are prepared according to their  food units, in which one pound of  grain���������wheat, ' rley, peas, corn,'etc.  ���������constitutes o:i> food unit, which is  equal to eight lbs. mangels, four lbs.  boiled potatoes, five lbs. alfalfa, six  lbs. skim milk, or twelve lbs. whey.  It is shown that the diet is varied in a  definite way for pigs of different ages.  Hall Cane Dramatically Describes the Tense Moments Through  Which   the British Ministers Passed,  Before^ Hostilities  Against  Germany Commenced  one of the little company remembers  something , that everybody has hitherto forgotten; thc difference of an hour  between the time of London and Berlin- Midnight by mid-European time  will be 11 o'clock in London. Germany would naturally understand  this demand for at reply by midnight  to mean midnight' in the country of  dsspatch, therefore at 11 o'clock  London time the time for the reply  will expire.  It is now approaching 11 o'clock.  As the clock ticks out the remaiuin-j  minutes the tension becomes terrible,  talk slackens, there are long pauses.  The whole burden of the frightful issues involved for Great Britain,  France, Belgium, Russia, Germany,  for Europe, for the world, for civilization, for religion itself, seems to be  gathered up in these last few moments. If war comes now it will be  the most frightful tragedy the world  ever has witnessed. Twenty millions  dead, perhaps, civil life crippled for  a hundred years   Which is it to be���������  '���������.������������������Hall Caine, the noted British author,  gives the following dramatic description of the historic scene preceding  the declaration of war by Great Britain:  In a room in the prime minister's  house in Downing street the prime  minister himself and three principal  members of the cabinet are waiting  for a reply to the ultimatum sent to  Gormany at noon, The time for the  reply expires at midnight. It is approaching 11 o'clock. In spite of  her "infamous proposals" the ministers cannot even yet allow themselves to believe that Germany will  break her pledged word. She has not  yet replied, but she will do so; she  ���������must.  There is more than an hour left.  Even at the last moment the telephone bell may ring and the reply  of Germany handf 1 to the British  ambassador in Berlin will reach London. It is a calm autumn evening,  the windows are open to St. James'  Park, which lies dark and silent as  far as Buckingham Palace in tin  distance. The streets of London  round, about the official residence are  busy enough, quivering with excitement.     ''.... .  ���������;..  We British people do not go in  solid masses surging, singing down  our Corso, or light candles along the  line of our boulevards, but, nevertheless, all hearts are beating high in  the theatres, railway stations, railway  trf.ins, shops and homes. Everybody  is thinking "by 12 o'clock tonight  Germany has- got to say whether or  not. she is  a  perjurer and  a  thief."  Meanwhile, in this silent room  overlooking the park, the time passes  slowly. In spite of the righteousness of our cause it is an awful thing  to plunge the great empire into war.  The miseries and horrors of warfare  rise before the eyes of the ministers  and the sense of personal responsibility becomes almost unsupportable.  Could anything bo more awful than to  have to ask oneself some day in the  future, awakening in the middle of  the night perhaps after rivers of  blood have been shed, "Did I do  right?"  After all, the reply to the ultimatum has not even yet arrived, and  the absence of a reply is equivalent  to   a   declaration   of   war.     Suddenly  peace or war?   It is terrible to think  of.  As they sit there the electric wires  may be flashing the awful tidings like  a Hying angel of life or death through  the dark air all over Europe-  The four men are waiting for the  telephone to ring. It does not ring,  and the fingers of the clock are moving. The world", seems on tiptoe listening for the thunder stroke of fate.  The ministers at length sit silent and  rirdd, almost petrified, looking fixedly  at the floor or ceiling. ���������'���������'"  Then through the awful stillness of  the room and the park outside comes  the deep boom of Big Ben���������boom���������  boom���������boom!  ���������No one moves until the last of the  eleven strokes has gone reverberating'  tl,rough    the night.    Then    comes a  voice   heavy   with   emotion,   yet  firm  with resolve: "It's war!"  When the clock struck again at  midnight Great Britinn had been at  war for an hour without knowing it.  If I had done wrong in lifting the  curtain on this private scene I ask  forgiveness for the sake of the purpose I put it to: not in anger, but  with an awful sense of responsibility  to Great Britain and humanity: that  our responsible ministers drew tho  sword of our countrv.  The. Banker-Farmer  I Prohibition for Russia  Banker-Farmer Movement Solving the  Problems   of   Agricultural  Finance  The banker-farmer movement is one  of the very tosi things which could be  done to help solve the    problems of  agricultural finance and credit.    The  bankers of the country are becoming  more vitally interestedin the w->nar3  i'fi  Making the Citizen-Farmer  ot  tlie  iarmiiig  Praise for Canadians  A- retired major-general writes to  the London Daily Express: "I was  present at the review at Shorncliffe  when Bonar Law and General Hughes  saw the Canadian troops march past.  As an old soldier, I can say I have  never seen liner troops than the thousands who passed in review under  command of Major-General Steele. It  was a revelation.  Among them, was a regiment of  French-Canadians. The men had  stood in the deluge for over an hour  and a half, but they went by like old  soldiers. Not one of them had been  a soldier ten months ago. There  were enough six footers among them  to make a guards brigade.'  business than they  havy ever been before. They h.-tvo  come to realize that their own prosperity, and the prosperity of all other  businesses of the country, are fundamentally dependent upon the prosper  ity of the t-irming business of the entire nation.  Realizing this very important fact  they have set about, individually and  as an organization, to study seriously  and thoroughly the methods and the  needs of the "business.. Already this  study has resulted in a thorough realization of the importance of improved  methods of marketing, improved methods of loaning money where needed,  and improved . conditions of rural  credit. Realizing the importance of  these things they have set about to  devise and to put into operation methods of accomplishing them. They are  co-operating with every legitimate  movement which is desicned to accomplish these things.  With the stewards of the country's  moneys and credits aligned on the  side of the farmer, and co-operating  with those engaged in the farming  business" for the express purpose of  furthering the success of that business in every community where a live  bank is located and throughout the  ���������      ,. ������ ...        .,      ,,T      ; country is general, it should be only  Continues Alter tlie War ! a comparatively  few years until  this    ' |groat business has advanced to stages  of development which have never before besn dreamed to bo possible. The  farming business is really at last coming into its own; it is being given its1  "place in the sun."���������The Fannin*.  Business.  n- I  National    Savings   Have   Greatly  creased  Since   Lav/  Went   Into  tffect  -  Finance Minister Bank declared  that in spite of enormous war expenses Russia had succeeded in finding sufficient funds, notwithstanding  the loss of revenue caused fy the prohibition of the sale of liquor, the tax  upon which formerly yielded 1,000,-  000 roubles (.?500���������000,000) annually.  He stated that the war expenses of  Russia at the end of 1015 will amour.t  to 7,242,000,000 ($0,021,000.0001 to  cover which the minister is projecting  a series of credit operations. The.s������  operations were assured of success,  M. Bark said, as the national savings  had increased 1,800,000.000 roubles  ($900,000,000), which proved that t'.:e  country had sufficient resources. This  was due, the minister insisted, entirely to the temperance of the people,  and he asserted prohibition must be  maintained even after the war because of its salutary effect upon the  nation.  to the   Mak  is  part  of  soldier  strong  Woe  Here  German  gives   a  of mind:  "And     then  writes)   whom  in   the   bloody  tarily   thinks  again   derived  .���������  of  This   War  a  letter  from   a  who,   writing   home,  picture   of  his   state  all these men (he  one has oneself killed  strife! One involun-  this:     Hero  you   have  so-me   mother   of   her  Professor���������Can  you  which  won't  freeze.  Hot stir, six.  name  a  liquid  son, and some children of their father. During the light itself one does  not think of all that; but in the moments of leisure the faces of those  who have fallen become alive again  and speak a dumb, but significant  and plaintive language. But wh���������t  , can one do? In the battle it is either  j I or he. But woe to those who have  ' provoked this terrible, murderous  war���������their punishment will he frightful! I think this war will be a lesson to all the civilized nations, and  the people will see that it is sheer  lunacy to massacre one another."  The   Farmers   Are   the   Real   Molding  Influence   Back   of  the   Whole  Nation  When raising a boy, remember that  he is' going to be something more than  simply a fanner, a  tiller.of the soil  and a herder of cattle and of sheep, a  I hewer of wood and a drawer of water.  I Remember that he will be an influence  j in determining tho policies and the activities of that community, state and  nation,    even though he may take no  active interest or part in local and national  government.    His  very inertia  will  be a help  to  one  movement to  win. or a hell to another to lose���������according   to   whether   he   would   have  been for o: against, had he taken part.  Life is something more than merely earning three meals a day, eating  them and resting the weary body at  the close of the day; that is not life,  it is merely existence���������nothing higher  or nobler than the existence of tlie  beasts of the fields and the birds of  the air.  Teach the boys and girls who are  growing up in your house to be good,  active and influential citizens of the  cemmuuity in which they live. Not  only teach them to be, but also teach  them how to be, worthy of the privileges which come to them as a result  of living in the community or the na-"  tion in which they happen to be living.  Teach them by both precept and example, by word of mouth and������,by the  actions of your own daily lives.  The men and women engaged in the  farming business are fast taking the  same place in the social and the political life of the nation which they have  always held in the industrial life of  the world. They are the foundation  upon which the superstructure is build-  ed out ot" which it grow.; and upon  which its own individuality and char-  actor depend. They are the real  molding influence back of the whole  nation; as they are, so shall the nation be- Their blood, their thoughts,  their ambitions and ideals shape the  blood, the thoughts, the ambitions and  the id.'.'.'ils of the greatest nation upon  thc earth. So, in training your boys  to be farmers, and your girls to be  farmers' wives, train them also to bo  citizens, active and efficient citizens  who shall be worthy tutors in molding a worthy civilization.���������The farming Business.  A  A  Harv-sting  Record  subscriber to the New York Sun,  in giving some records made with the  cradle years ago, writes: "Between  tho rising and the setting of the sun  on July "7, 1S58, on the farm ot  Michael Hoke, at Mercers-burg, Kansas, Captain Michael Cromer, with a  cradle made especially for the occasion, cut over twelve acres of heavy  wheat, which when tied up made 37C  dozen sheaves. There are yet living  in the vicinity many witnesses to this,  the greatest feat of its kind evci  accomplished by man." THE   SUN, 'GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  i'. ���������  !'>���������"  I*.'  IKl  I /:,*���������  B!  news of the- emr.  C. B, Peterson has made himself  a very good potato grinder, and  next week he intends to convert two  or three tons of potatoes into starch.  The scheme appears to be a good  one, and the time is opportune for  The Sun to throw out a suggestion.  Potato starch is superior to corn  starch, and is always merchantable.  .In years like the present, when the  potato market is choked, why not  grind up the surplus into starch? A  home-made power grinder can be  constructed in a few hours and at  little expense.  dry. At the rate this coniinent is  going dry at present, it would perhaps facilitate the moving of breweries by having them constructed on  wheels in future.  Most people become too excited  as soon as they get gun into their  hands. Near Creston recently two  hunters shot a cow in   mistake for a  At the Presbyterian church next  Sabbath, Oct. 17, tbe dcouments on  "cfcuuch union" will be distributed  to the members and adherents of  the church. It is vitally important  ���������that every member and adherent  receive a ballot, for the decision on  this question rests with the votes  cast.  Mclviiight, of  Mr. and Mrs. J. H  Toronto, arrived in the city last  Monday, and are visiting at tbe  home of their friends, Mr. and Mrs.  W J. Mcfntyre. Mr. McKnight is  a prominent contractor of the Ontario metropolis.  Officials of the British Columbia  Copper company are making frequent visits to mining properties  near Chesaiv.  Automobiles may be as expensive as  wives, but one can trade in his old  auto for a now one every two or three  years.  An easy way to   borrow  to lend money.  trouble is  Sunday services at Knox Presbyterian. Subjects: 11 am., "Church  Union"; 7:30 p.m., "Our Conception  of Christ."  W. C. K. Manly carries one of  his arms in a sling as the result of  an injury received while cranking a  cur.  running in  The  kokanee   is  now  Christina   lake,    and   fishing  is re  ported to be good.  The members of the Independent  Company of Rifles will move into  their winter quarters today. They  will occupy the old Cottage hospital  building, where they will have  plenty of room.  Not Allowed to Strafe England  Two forms of mail matters-aid to  have been extensively used by persons desiring to indicate their sympathies in connection with the  European war, were barred from the  mails in New York on Monday as  unneutral by Postmaster-General  Buileson.    The order follows:  "Postmasters aro directed to treat  as non mailable under section '212  of the penal code (Section 481 Postal Laws and Regulation) envelopes,  post cards, etc., bearing stickers  containing the words, or having  printed thereon, words "Gott Strafe  England."  MEN  We can^save you  $5 and $10 if you  buy your suit from  us. We have the  goods.  [oweyer  Suits $12, $13.50  $18.50, $21.00.  Overcoats  $14.50  up to $40.  You will find our stock ready to stand the test. With merchandise in our store that  is correct in style, of dependable quality and at most sensible prices, wc are confident  that you can secure certain satisfaction here.  Are designed to give excellent service. Ln the selection of this stock we'yc always  been particular about quality of materials, and it is the long wear that our foot wear  gives that is bringing many men here for their fall needs.  Prices $3.25, 3.75, 4.00, 4,50, 5.00,' I j. 00 a pair  It is reported that the Republic  brewery may move to Grand Forks  as   soon  as   Washington state goes  Wanted Longer Term  Two years ago the legislature  amended the constitution by which  the legislative 'team was extended  from four to five years An attempt  was made to apply that inviting  provision to the present legislature,  but the storm which arose compelled the sponsors of the bill reluctantly to postpone the change until the next legislative term. .Therefore, if the electors return the present administration they will have to  stagger along under it for another  five years.  Labor txclesion Extended  In view of the present overcrowd  ed condition of the   labor market in  British Columbia, it is provided that  from October 1. 1915. to March 31,  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge 'street, and will manufacture  New Harness fnd do all.1?nd8 ������f  **    harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  rechette  For Fall and Winter Wear. And they are certainly  dandies ! Each different model has something pleasing, something distinctive about it.  Hard Hats. . ." ." $2.00 and $3.00  Soft Hats   1.75 and   2.00  Right Now We Have Some New Shirts  and Neckwear That You are Bound to  Like for Their Distinctiveness and  Spic and Span Look.  Shirts 75c, 85c, $1.00, 1.25, 1.50, 1.75,.2.00  Neckwear....;... 25c, 35c, 50c, 75c, $1.00  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  1916. the landing at any port of the  province of the following class of  immigrants is prohibited: Artisans  and laborers, skilled and unskilled.  This order is .simply a repetition  and continuation of the order placed  in force a year ago.  "We feel sorry for the fussy old  bachelor who is compelled to live in  the same house with a clever child.  Mothers, have a tilimp.se at Mac  Dougall .tt MacDoiiHM's windows  for values in boys' underwear���������65c,  75c, S5c, 95c. SI.00 a 'garment; also  sweaters, nil f-izes, 85c, $1.00,'1.10,  1.35, 1.50; overalls, all sizes, at 85c  a pair.  TICE TO  fe^FLOUT? P?j  '%0"#"  Here We Are 1  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     Porridge Oats  "     Ferina  rah am  "      WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale b^y  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  All Househoulders (who are  not assessed owners), being  British subjects and having  paid the Road Tax for 1915,  must register at the City Office  not later than October 31,  1915, in order to have their  names on the Voters' List.  John A. Hutton,  City Clerk.  STOP!   LOOK!   LISTEN !  Dad Bug Bee, of the Imperial Billiard Parlors and  Cigar Store, will also run in  connection a Restaurantwhere  you can be served with a  three-course meal for 15 cts.,  consisting of air soup, sandwiches, coffee and doughnuts;  dessert, ozone pudding. He  has in his employ a chef with  years of experience who can  cook a meal in 15 minutes  that you could not eat in a  day.    Come in and try a meal.  Men, have you seen the neat line ; Go to the ant, thou sluggard; she  of sweaters MacDougall & MacDon- doesn't make a noise in the world and  aid are showing for fall? The very -^ f^^J buried at the exPense of  latest out, in all weights and colors.,  Prices SI 35, i 50, 1.75, 2.00, 2 50, :  8.50 up to 9.75.  the country.  Spoiled children and foolish parents  are often found in the same house.  Patience may be the lazy man's only Men, MacDougall & MacDonald  virtue*  _ have   received   a  new shipment of  The man who poses as a social lion shirts; al! sizes' Price8 *2.0O ���������*  among women may stuck up as a yel- --50 P������������h- See other lines at 85p,  low among men. | $1.00, 1.25, 1.50, in all sizes.    .   .  BOUNDARY FEED & SUPPLY GO., LTD,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY;  A GAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at a close  price for cash or approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  smasmiHmsmms^BxsB^i  B9 *f English  3-Speed Gear   and  ICyCleS *^gh'Grade Clevdand  Wheels  I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty  J. R. Mooyboer S-pJS  First and  Main   Sts.,  B. C.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  "VI  I'  h  i>\  "V  M1WWI  tmmmm

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