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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Oct 1, 1915

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 ,���������<"���������':��������������� Pi/i"  j*<  If  J''  li*. '  ./  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 48  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  II RACES AND  ATHLETIC SPORTS  PATRIOTIC SPEECH  The following .were, the winners  in the' races and athletiosports at  the sixth annual Grand Forks fair,  held on. Tuesday and Wednesday  last:. ;  FIRST PAY.  Green trot or pace, I'mile, 3 heats  in .5���������First, $40; second, $20. Guy  Falcon won, Solo second.  Half mile pony race, 14������ hands  and under���������First, $10; second, $o.  Myrtle won, Babesond.  ���������Running r_ce, f-niile, third heat  trot or-pace���������First, 820; second,������10.  Myrton won, Kingslev second.  Cowboy race, 600 yards, three  turns���������First, $5; second, $o Babe  won, Jim second.  -    SECOND DAY.  Children's and men's sports on  Bridge street:  Boys' race, over. 15 years, 100  yards, 6 toenter���������Gill won.McMynn  second. (  Boys' three-legged race���������Raeburn  a id Holmes won, Gill and Donaldson second, Erickson and Potentier  third.  Boys' sack race;" handicap, 10 to  enter���������L. Holmes wod,' Benson second, R. Holmes third.  >��������� Girls' three-legged race; handicap,  ���������5 pairs- to enter���������J. McKie and  Wright won, E Coryell 'and M.  Spraggett second, Hutuyj and Herr  third. '.   On. Tuesday,   September   26,  in  Boys' slow bicycle race, 6  to  en- the exhibition buildine,   visitors  to  ter���������Galipeau first, King second.        the   Grand  Forks  fair   were  given  Boys'  race,   under 10 years,-6 to an opportunity    of listening   to   a  enter���������Waldron won,Nelson second,  stirring   patriotic   address   by Rev.  ~ C. Donaldson third Fred H. Graham, of Nelson, on "Na-  Girls'race, under  15   years, 6   to tional Ideals and Individual Respon  enter���������Cunningham won, MeCallum sibility."   Mr. Graham spoke   brief-  second, Allen third. (ly but to the point.   AH  who heard  Boys' wheelbarrow race,i6 "bar- him gained a clearer conception of  rows to enter���������Donaldson and Reid| their duty to the empire. He was  won, Wells and Gill second, Meikle followed by Judge Brown and other  and Bruno third. local speakers.  100 yard dash���������E. Slam-way won, The massed choirs of the city,  J. Crosby-second. j under   the leadership of H.L. Mc-  Running long jump���������E. Stana- Kenzie, provided special music  way A*on   L. Haines second. : for   the   occasion,   accompanied by  Three-legged   race,   100  \ aids���������. the orchestn.  Individual Ranch Displays  Surprise Visitors at Fair  The individual ranch displays surprised all the visitors to the sixth  annual Grand Forts fall fair. They far surpassed the district exhibits  seen herein former years. While all were excellent in the quality of the  products and the artistic manner of displaying them, the exhibit made  by Mr. Laws, which was awarded first prize, deserves special mention.  Those who did not see it can have but a slight conception of what the  soil 'of the Kettle valley is capable of producing when properly tilled.  The folowing is a list of the prize winners and the points each exhibits  was awarded:  Gill and Lake won, Wells and Crosby second.  Running hop, su-p and'jump���������E.  Stanaway won, L   Haines second  Thin men's race, under 125 lbs.���������  Donaldson won, Crosby second.  Wheelbarrow race, 100 yards with  passenger, with turn, changing passe nger���������Gill and Crosby won, Wells  and Donaldson second.  -Horse race at the race track:  Free for-all���������First prize, $25; second S15. Buster Brown won, Sunday M second.  Half-mile pony race, Hi hands  and under���������First, $10; second, 85.  Charlie Green won, Fly second.  Grand Forks Derby, one mile���������  First. $35; second, $15. Birdie Vincent won, Charlie Green second.  One-fourth-mile pony race, 14^  hands and under���������First, $7; second,  $3.50. Charlie Green won, Fly second.  Pony race, |- mile, for local horses  only���������First, $3; second, $2. W.  Larsen won, Quindvan second.  Slow   race,   for  horses  not    hav  having   won   prize   money, three to  start or no race���������First,  $7;  second,  $3.   Woodward won, Archie   Davis  second.  The Phoenix team won the baseball game by a score of 9 to 7.  In the basketball contests the  high school team came out victori-  ojs in both games, winning from the  public school on Tuesday and from  the city club on Wednesday,  ET  CH  FIELD DAY  ing their cars at their disposal: Geo.  Hull, Sanley Davis, G. C. Brown,  Mr. Hales, John Donaldson.  The outing was very enjoyable,  and special mention is due to Mr.  Hull for his efforts to help to make  t a success.  IEST FAIR HELD  IN  1st   Prize  2nd Prize  3rd  Prize  4th   Prize  5th  Prize  Max.  $75  $50  $25  ������10  810  Points  E. F.  c. c.  Big Y  A. S.  J. T.  .  Laws  Heaven  Ranch  McKiin  Lawrence  Fruit   225  175  165  ���������210  120  1.35  Canned fruits and  vegetables. ......  100  90  SO  87  88  84  Vegetables  and  field produce   250  225  210  190  195  180  Dairy, poultry,etc.  150  118  25  29  59  33  Grains, grasses,etc  150  147-  14 G.',  94������  143  127  Arrangement, dec  -  oration,f!owers,etc  100  90  85  SO  82  78  Totals   1000  845  71U  G90;V  687  037  Owi-'g to the fact that there was  no central cadet c-unp held in British Columbia this year bn account  of the war, the local cadet corps  planned for a march and field day  on Saturday, September 25. At 6:30  a.m. the boys started on the sixteen-  mile march .to Christina lake in  charge of Cadet Instructor Matheson.  George Hull, secretary of the school  board, accompanied them with his  car, carrying their blankets and provisions. When he_ arrived at the  lake with his load of commissary,  he returned with his machine to  meet the boys, and by giving fre  qunnt '���������lifts.',' to the junior members  of the corps er.abled them to reach  t leir destination in first class coi-  dition for the ci ntesls of the day, a  few minutes before II a.m. They  made their headquarters in one of  Mr. Brown's cottages, " which he  very kindly lent for their use.  Aftera hearty meal and an hour's  rest, the boys were eager for the  sports to commence. The following  were the events,-with the prize list:  Cadet Officers' Drill���������First, Stanley Donaldson, pair of gloves; sec  ond, Robert Holmes, knife.  Senior Cadet Rifle Match���������First,  Heath Hales,- pair of gloves; second,  Ewart McAIynn, box of cartridges.  Junior Cadet Rdle Match���������First,  Walter Peterson, knife; second, Vernon Siddall, box of cartridges.  Twenty-five Yard Match, Open���������  First, Lawrence Holmes, knife;   sec  bnd, Stanley D maldson, box of cartridges.  Hundred-yard C-ish,Senior���������First,  Ralph Gill, running shoes; second,  Ewart McMynn, VVhittier's uoems.  Hundred-yard Dash, Junior���������  _ irst, Hector Morrison, lunch box;  second, Thomas Reburn, book.  Point to Point Race���������First,   Her  bert    Dinsmore,   Brownie   camera;  second, Reggie Hull, necktie.  Victoria Cross  Race���������First,  Her  bert   Dinsmore,    carrying     Robert  Holmes,   silver   picture   fiame and  25c; second, Stinley Donaldson, car  rying Eddie Mcllwaine, no prize.  Wrestling on Horseback���������First,  Stanley Donaldso i, cirrying R ibert  Holmes, baseball glove and 50c.  Vaulting���������First,Hector Morrison,  running shoes; second, Ralph Gill,  box of cartridges  Pole Race���������Stanley Donaldson's  team, chocolates.  Thr.-e-leg.red Race���������First, Thomas  Reburn and Morris Bainson. pnsa to  TTiovies for a week; second, Stanley  Massie and Walter Peterson, box of  cartridges each.  Sack Race���������First Eddie Mcllwaine, knife; second, George Meikle,  tie pin.  The   prizes   were   nenerously do  nated by the following: MacDougall  & Macdonald, Jeff Davis &  Co.,   F. ���������    J. Lake, Clark Bros., N. L  Melnnes      The   poultrymen   of   the   valley  & Co., Manly Hardware Co.,   Miller! made a ,urSe  shipment  of   exhibi-  & Gardner.B. Lequime.O K Bakery,   tion birds to the Greenwood fair   on  Woodland   & Quinn,   H.  McVicar,   Wednesday.  Mann   Drug   Co., H. Bainson.    F. i  Downey, H C. Kerman, Robert The most that we can say is that  Petrie, H. LeRoy, M. A Glaspell, if President Wilson can maintain  Instructor Matheson. pe--.ee with honor, it is his bounder)  On Sunday the boys returned by duly to do so. Let us mind our  autos.and wish to thank the following own business and leave the presi-  gentlemen for their kindness in pine-   dent to mind his.   -London'Sketch.  MEETING OF THE  CITY COUNCIL  The best fair ever held in Grand  Forks was officially opened at .1:30  o'clock on Tuesday afternoon by  Mayor Gaw, who made a felicitous  speech, in the course ot which he  congratulated the directors on the  success they had attained in spite of  the war and the depressed business  conditions, and expressed surprise  at the high quality of the exhibits.  He was followed by Lome A. Campbell, M P.P. for Rossland; and W.  O. Miiler, divisional superintendent  of the Canadian Pacific railway.  Mr. Campbell advocated mixed  farming. Dairying had made Minnesota one of the most prasperous  states of the Union, and he was cer-  tein that equally gratifying results  could be atained in this valley. He  also thought that a united effort  should be made to secure lower  freight rates, and thus induce industries to locate here. He laid par  ticular emphasis on the desirability  of having flour mills established  here. Mr. Miller spoke briefly,  confining his remarks to complimenting the directors on the splendid success of the fair and the high  standard of the exhibits.  The attendance both in the exhibition building and at the race track  from the time the fair opened until  it closed was gratifying, and the  visitors took a keen interest in examining the exhibits and watching  the sports.    ���������  The exhibits surpassed in quantity and quality those seen at former  fairs. A marked improvement was  noted in the livestock and poultry  section-, and both were highly commended by the judges and visitors,  The vegetable display demonstrated  that there is no place in the prov-  vmce better suittd for growing this  crop than the Kettle valley. The  fruit display was large and of a good  quality. The schojl exhibit was  interesting, and the home cooking  and fancy work sections attracted  large crowds of admirers. The  floral and field grains displays, although named last, were by no  means of least interest.  The judges of the exhibits at the  fair were: Live stock, William Gibson, of Victoria; poultry, W. Miller  Higgs; fruit and vegetables, P. E.  French, while ladies from the outside awarded the prizes for home  cooking and fancy work. A complete list of the prize winners will  printed next week.  Mayor Gaw and Aid. Bickerton,  Donaldson, Manly and Mc Callum  were present at the regular meeting  of the city coucil on Monday evening.  On motion, Tuesday afternoon  and Wednesday were declared civic  holidays in order to give the citizens an opportunity to attend the  fair.  A communication from Mr. Mc-  Kenzie stated that the city's contract with W. J. Galipeau in the  matter of the cement sidewalk  around the government building  was irregular, and that the city  could not be held liable for abrogating the same.  W. M. DeCew and R." J. Gardner,  of the Agticultural association, were  present and addressed the council,  asking for a grant of'8200 in aid of  the fair. As this amount had been  provided for in the esiimates, the request was granted.  City Clerk Hutton was granted a  week's vacation, beginning October 4.  The chairman of the board of -  works reported that the Fourth  street bridge had been replanked  and it was now in a satisfactory condition; a portion of the Bridge street  bride also needed replanking; the  force of workmen on the streets had  been reduced.  Complaint was made by the pro  paietor of the Kettle Valley restaurant against parties leaving hoises  tied in front of his place of business all day. The matter was referred to the chief of police.  The board of works was authorized to complete the approach to the  Bridge street bridge.  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that there  were three or four parties in the city  who might require assistance in the  near future. Referred to the health  and relief committee.  The chairman of the water and  light committee reported that the  matter of installing a phone in the  scho >1 house was a question that  properly belonged to the school  trustees to act on. There was no  great necessity for a phone in the  Wist ward lire hall, he said,as there  were many phones in the immediate vicinity.  The question of renting the West  ward fire hall for the winter months  to the Independent Company of  Rifles was left over until the next  meeting.  Aid. Bickerton was granted leave  to introduce a traders' license bylaw, which was advanced to the  third reading stage.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  ���������      Miu  Sept 21 ��������� Friday   25���������Saturday .  2(5���������Sunday,...  27���������Monday....  28���������Tuesday...  29���������Wednesday  ���������'50 ���������Thursday..  IJ-I  fid  ���������';���������'.  7<>  71  lainfal)   o.O-j  ���������in  .'57  ���������10  :','.)  .'59  :m  12  Mi/,  i';o THE    SUN.    GUAM)  FOliKS,    B. C.  :m  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  The Farmers  Of Tomorrow  Cattle Embargo Lilted  The    Successful    Fanner Will  Understand Soil Conservation and the  Science of Farming  la every otherprofession but farming those'who are successful in it arc  liberally trained ami equipped for  their work. A farmer may have a college education, but unless he knows  how to conserve the fertility of his  land'he' will 'not'succeed as a farmer.  A great many farmers are unsuccessful because they h;ive not yet learned  that no soil will go on forever producing crops with no return to -the  land. Successful farmers are' those  whose land is not robbed and starved  but is fed with thJ sort of nutriment  it needs, while..it is tilled with care-  The.farmer needs ii" technical education in the profession of farming,.and  a great many farmers, realizing that  "(heir business was Hearing the stage  of the survival of the fittest, when  only trained men succeed, have commenced to study scientific farming.  ������������������'The average farmer is a man of  much intelligence, and when he acquires a knowledge of soil "chemistry  and such things, he has a feeling of  surprise and reproves himself for not  having obtained au insight into these  matters before.. '���������'������������������������������������...������  The richness of the soil made it unnecessary for. former generations of  Canadian farmers to put hack into the  soil the elements demanded to produce a fuHcrop of the same quality in  the year to follow. When his land  in the eastern provinces deteriorated  the farmer frequently moved west  and began afresh the work of robbing  ,the soil. In former years very few  farmers gave anything back to the  loam which they were exhausting,  ���������until the,, ground became so impoverished tliat the crop output warned  the farmer that something must b'o  done. Formerly most farmers were  ignorant of what their soils had contained, what they needed, and what  crops they were by the nature of the  ground most suited for.  That farmers were fairly successful  in earlier times and even now get  along without technical knowledge is  due to the goodness of the land, and  .the large beneficience of nature. The  ���������trained farmer is a man of absolute  independence and prosperity, lie  produces the actual necessaries of  life, .and his products are always in  demand. He also, produces many I  luxuries-  At the present time, when the need  of an enormous food supply is greater than ever, and when war on a  vast scale is reducing everything to  first p principles, and wasting the  ���������economic advantages of a century of  peace, we realize more and more the  importance of the farmer. Doubtless  this very, realization and. the need of  the time will cause a multitude of the  city people to return to the" land, and  will .influence a multitude of farmers'  sous' to stay on the farm instead .of  going to the cities. There is an increasing tendency to make farming  a real business, but there are still  \ many .farmers who are not giving  very much study to soil conservation  and to the facts of science about soils  and seeds, cultivation and breeding  and feeding, if the city people who  contemplate taking up land would  make themselves acquainted now with  Ihese branches of study,' they would  ,-lind perhaps that they were when  they get on their farms little behind  many veteran farmers who perhaps  have nearly as much to unlearn as the  new agriculturists have to learn.���������  Vancouver Sun.  Settlers May Now Resume Bringing in  Their  Stock  The embargo placed by the-Canadian government upon importation of  live animals iind their products, am!  also upon hay, straw, etc., coming  from the United Slates, and which has  been in force since- October last, has  expired in the case of the following  states: Minnesota, North Dakota,  Montana, Washington, Oregon, Idaho,  Wyoming, Nebraska, Colorado, Utah,  Nevada, California, Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas.  The embargo was imposed by the  government at the outbreak of foot  and mouth' disease in Michigan last  October.  The United Stales bureau of animal  industry has handled the extensive  outbreak with great energy and care,  and conditions now. indicate that the  infection stamped out, only a few  areas hi the ���������.middle and eastern  states remaining under quarantine, as  a precaution against possible recurrence on premise's that have been infected.  During the outbreak the  states remained entirely Ires  lection with the exception  small areas, one in Montana and one  in Washington. These two outbreaks were quickly suppressed, and  there have been no fresh cases for  over six months in the western area.  It has, therefore, been considered safe  to remove the embargo from - the  states mentioned, ahove.  Animals and their products, also  hay and straw, may be imported into  Canada when accompanied by an affidavit of the owner or shipper that the  shipment is from one of the states  'mentioned,' and has not been unloaded  in a prohibited state. The usual conditions regarding the importation of  livestock such as qnarantine certificates of��������� nialein and tuberculine tests,  etc., must be complied with.  This change in the regulation will  permit settlers from the United States  to bring their livestock with them,  and will also permit the movement of  cattle from the south to the grazing  lands in th3 north. The restrictions  have necessarily interfered -with the  profits of railroads' and have .caused  other annoyance, p.nd 'their removal  will be welcomed.  Peculiarities of Alfalfa  How   to  western  from in-  of 'two  The Potato in Alaska  Most  in   the  im-  THESE GREAT DAYS  You  that have faith to look with fear-  lass eyes  Beyond   the  tragedy of a   wo  strife,  nd trust that out of ni  shall rise  ���������'lit  Id  at  and death  Rejoice,  whatever  heart,  That God has given  less dower,  To live in these great  your part  In  freedom's eifnvnin  anguish  rend  your  1     ���������  you for a price-  times and have  That  tell  hour,  vour sons who see  Important   Crop   Grown  Northern  Country  The potato is by far the most  portaut and universally grown crop in  Alaska, says the Weekly News Letter  of the United. States department of  agriculture. With proper selection of  varieties, care and culture, potatoes  can be,grown nearly everywhere in  the country. Sprouting die seed before planting has been shown to greatly increase the chances of-a good crop  in the short season usually available.  A frost proof cellar for storage also  has been found to be a^ necessity. The  yield on newly cleared land is usually small (about .150 bushels of merchantable potatoes at Fairbanks in  lill'l), but rich land in good tilth will  sometimes produce three to four times  that much under ordinary culture.  The Fairbanks station-has grown  potatoes for market for several years.  The main object was to demonstrate  that good potatoes could be grown in  the interior, and the farmers in the  vicinity have taken the hint and nearly all of them now grow a considerable  acreage of potatoes, one estimating  his crop as high as fifty'lons, which, at  four cents a pound or $80 a ton,..the  lowest price at which pptatoes%bave  been sold up to the present ,vvBm,e,  would bring the grower sohie:r$4,0*Cjfo.  Potatoes arc usually classed1 as a!'  money crop. The trouble now is that  so many farmers in the vicinity of  Fairbanks are growing potatoes that  competition must of necessity bring  down the price.  Determine  the   Proper  Time  for Cutting  Climatic soil conditions frequently modify or alter the characters of  certain planls. .Presumably this is  a provision on the part of nature  whereby plants have power withii  certain limits to adapt themselves to  conditions.  In the case of alfalfa it is easy to  be misled by advice emanating from  certain sources relating to the time  of cutting the crop. The westerner  who is accustomed, to a light rainfall watches the blossom or bloom  and, taking their cue from that,  many corn-belt farmers have maue  the mistake of letting their crop get  too far advanced before cutting. The  bloom is not a safe guide in the corn  belt, a much1 better one being the  growth that makes its appearance  just above the crown of the old plant.  It is a simple matter to determine  just when alfalfa should be cut by  observing these young shoots. We  do not refer to the suckers that  sometimes grow, spindlingly alongside  of the old stems, says the Iowa  Homestead, but, rather, to the new  buds that break out periodically  from the old root.��������� When tnis growth  ranges in length anywhere from two  to four inches it is then time to cut  the. crop. In the first place, alfalfa  will cure into a palatable and nutritious hay if it.is. cut before the stems  get woody," and, furthermore, if the  cutting is done so that, the young  shoots ara not severed, this means  that the next crop will come on without delay.  It is quite- true that early cutting  sometimes involves a difficult -task  in curing out the hay, because it is  quite succulent at the time the new  shoots begin to make their; start in-  life but, all things'considered, it will  pay to cut rather than delay, if for  any reason the second or, third crop,  as the case may be, should make a  growth of five or six inches before  the preceding crop is removed, then  the cutter bar should be placed high  enough so that the buds of 'the now  crop wil not be cut. It is better  to leave a portion of the old stems  on the first crop rather than risk.interfering with the growth of the succeeding crop.  As to the condition of the bloom  or blossom, instances have been called to our attention where alfalfa lias  reached the. proper stage to cut without showing any .signs of blooming.  Thus it can be easily understood how  a blunder might be made and one  cutting thereby, los'. if one" waited until the customary one-tenth of the  plants were, in blossom.  HOW  THE   FOOD   PROBLEM   WAS  (By  William    Harper    Dean,    in  the  Country Gentleman)  This is just a little story of how a  man and his wife have solved big  problems; how a family of twelve is  getting the best things out of life at  less than cost; and why the mart and  his wife have concluded that Bountiful, Utah, was wisely named.  Several years ago P. J. Sander.'  moved with his family from Kansas;to  Utah. Now Sanders has ten,children  of his own and sonic, thirteen hundred  belonging to other people. You see,  he's the big, smiling daddy of Utah's  boys' and girls' clubs, lie was working with boys' and girls' industrial  clubs in Utah before a single canning-  demonstration had been made in.that  state. Then he got the department of  agriculture's canning expert, O. .TT.  Benson,- to give just one demonstration. That was eu-'.igh. Sanders has  taken care of canning in Davis county  ever since.  "Now, then,'" said Sanders to his  wife, "I've been studying balanced ration s for farni"animals long enough-  I'm going in for balanced rations for  this ramify of ours. I'm showing the  club girls how it's done; let'c organize  another little club and call it 'Bountiful' for luck. Let's practice what I'm  preaching."  They did, and just to demonstrate  how this family has solved the food  probelm, how it lives .on fresh vegetables and spring chicken during "tin  winter months, I'll give you Sanders'  own account of what they accomplished last year. Remember, he has a  .very small place just on the edge of  town.  ' "My wife, daughter and myself took  cl.arga of stocking the larder," raid  Sanders. "Of course, some of th-a  youngsters helped when they were not  in school, but the three of us ���������did most  of the work. "Whan .we. were throUo'M  SOLVED FOR FAMILY OF TWELVE  or  included.    Total' cost    $2.70.     W*  raved $K'.50."  "Twenty-three quarts of asparagus  were put up at a total of thirteen  cents a. quart.   Wo saved.$3.91'.  "One., of the children gathered  twelve quarts of mushrooms. All ii.  cost to can them was thirty-six cents.  At the store .we should have paid  twelve dollars for them. Another saving of $11.04.  '"Fitteen quart3 of squash cost us  lorty-tive cents. If bought at the store .  they would have cost f'-J.^S; saving,  ���������Jl-SO. Twenty-six quarts of beets cost,  us seventy-eight cents; 1 don't know  what they sell for at the store. And  thirteen quarts' of. small, tender carrots cost us thirty-nine cents. ' The  store doesn't handle carrots.' Forty-  eight quarts of catsup cost us three  cents a quart, saving us $10.56. For  this catsup wo used small tomatoes,  which cost us nothing.  "Chili sauce is good, especially whan  it costs just seventy-two cents for  seventy-four quarts. And there were  seventy-two quarts of preserved  plums, peaches, and apricots; four  bushels of apples for breakfast dishes;  fifteen quarts of apple-pie filling," fifteen quarts Tor apple dumplings; and  thirty-two quarts of Bartlett pears. On.  these things our saving ^mounted to  about fifty per cent; Eighty-two quarts  of rhubarb cost us five, cents a quart-  We saved $.4.10 on this.  "We had kept forty spring cockerels  until October, when we were offered  forty cents apiece for them. But into  the glass jars they went���������the whole  forty. If we had kept them until now  they would have eaten their heads off  because of the high price of feed. But  instead of ouv feeding them they are  feeding us���������and incidentally saving  us sixteen dollars.  "In December, when quite a number  of our fruit jars were empty, we killed  three hogs and canned in glass jars  and look inventory of our food supply, 215   pounds   of  their  meat���������sausage,  Don't Grow Weeds  ;-o\i may  the light  High  in  the  heaven,  their heritage  to take:  saw the powers  lli-hl!  I saw the morning break."  ���������Sir Owen Seaman in "War  ���������s of darkness put to  ���������'hue.'  The Hour Has Come  "It lii's been well said that in every  man's life ihere is one supreme hour  to which all hi:-, earlier experiences  move and from which all future results may be reckoned. For every  individual Briton, as well as for our  national existence, that solsmn hour  Is now striking- Let, us lake heed  to the great opportunity it offers and  which most assuredly we must  grasp now, and at once, or never.  Let each man'of us see that we spare  nothing, shirk noiiiing and -shrink  from nothing, if only we may lend our  full weight to the impetus which will  carry to victory the cause of our  honor and our fivedom."���������Lord  Kitchener.  Canada's Part :. t-,- ���������'  There is probably no more striking  tribute to British rule than thoirecidi-  ness of the Dominion, without'con^i)'ul-  sion, to make a sacrilica so'jilp.men'se  in a war that concerns her'^onlyj'indirectly. Nor can it be explained simply as an attitude of blind loyally. The  Canadian people, right or w^oiVgins we  may consider them, arc couyiiiasd they  are lighting for the intej^l'giOfii ninanity and the preservation tffcdemocratie  ideals throughout the wond^Chicago   ���������r^i--' ���������-.  Turkey Has Coal  Valuable coal deposits ���������have ha en  found in Turkey, it isolated on good  authority that a Gerh5a,'n mining engineer, who went to ������3?\rrkey, just, before that empire taolt'tip arms last  fall, to hunt for co^l'i'jdopos'l.s which  might make the cohrit-ry independent  of foreign sourees.tf^nind these excellent deposits. '>1Tiie Turks proceeded to develoi>..tn'eni at once, and  the German government now believes  that the coal pro}y.erh of its ally will  not prove of arCyi.embarrassment to  her while hostilities last.  Every Precaution Should be Taken to  Rid   Premises   of   Weeds  The unsightly weed patches about  the premises should be cut down before they seed to make ranker crops  for next year. Such .weeds as spring  up in the corners, nooks and uncultivated spots about the house and immediate premises are offensive in  more ways than that of being unsightly; they furnish .hiding places for vermin.  The most expeditious way to rid the  the premises of these Aveeds is to use  the scythe where they can be thus  reached. Where the scythe cannot be  utilized the pruning hook or hoe may  be brought into service;' or, with  gloved bands to prevent poisoning, the  weeds may be pulled up from the extreme nooks and corners.  If, after being thus disposed of,  there is any considerable covering of  the-weeds on the ground they should  be removed from the yard or premises,  as they will create a sjime in decaying  and give out a disagreeable odor. This  mass may be thrown over some plot  of ground provided.the cutting has  be,eu done before the seeds formed,  vf They will thus form a coating that  will' enrich the soil, as the nitrogen  and carbon they have gathered will in  a measure be returned to the earth.���������  Farm Life.  7his Family of Twelve are Living  ���������and Living  on   the   Best  Cheaply.        \  the   Land   Affords  Jones  boasting  you saw  Brown  Jones  (to   Brown,   who  has  been  of   his   travels)���������I   suppose  the Dardanelles, then?  -Rather!  And the Carpathians?  Brown���������Certainly! Why, the missus  and me dined'with them both in Pari:.  Disraeli is said to have remarked:  ���������'Vv'hen I meet a man whose name I can-  no* remember I give myself two minutes Then, ifit be a hopeless case,  I alwavs say, 'And how is the old complaint?' "  "How long have they been married?"  "About five years.  "Did she make him a good wile?  "But; but she mr-.de him an awfully  (rood husband."  The Victorian period ended on  Tune 15 last. After that dale stamps  bearing ' Queen Victoria^ likeness  vere no longer legal. *   .;  we found more than 400 quarts of vegetables, more than 500 quarts of fruit,  forty spring chickens, ninety-two  quarts of spare ribs, teuderloin, pork  chops, headcheese, and sausage. And  so far as my family was concerned I  didn't care, whether the cost of living  stood still or soared.    Wc have ours!  "Now, here's how it air worked out  ���������how'we are living on the best thj  land affords at less than cost I'll tell  you exactly what every mouthful'of  food is costing.us. Take our tomatoes,  for example. At the grocery store  they would have cost its eight dollars.  A can.of tomatoes means about two  pounds of the vegetable, costing ona  cent; fuel and labor cost two cents,  making a i^tal cot,t of three cents a  quart. Our ninety-five quarts cost us  $���������".85. We saved $5.15 on tomatoes  alone.  "Wc put up eighty-live quarts of  sugar corn, and it's as good as the  best you can buy. At the "--tore it  would have cost $29-75; ours cost  $11.05.    We saved $1S.70 on our corn.  "We didn't raise it; we bouglit it  and paid a high price Tor it too.'."-,  cost us ten cents a dozen ears and a  dozen ears cut from the cob���������just Tilled  a quart jar. Sometimes eight ears  would fill the quart, but the average  was twelve. Each quart cost us thir-  tc2u cents���������ten cents for the corn and  three cents ofr labor and fuel. The  h3St corn sells her- for twenty cents  a can, two for thirty-live cents. We  should have bought our corn when it  was cheaper���������about seven cents���������and  made a greater saving.  "We put up 150 quarts of stringiest  beans on shares, our share being seventy-five ...quarts. Wc saved $7.12 on  this itejii.  "Our fifty-four quarts of peas cost us  five cents a quart; peas, fuel and lab-  headcheese, pork chops, tenderloin  and ham. Besides this we have fifty  pounds of ham put up fresh in a large  crock now filled with fried meat, covered with lard and sealed with paraffin.  This is all fresh for summer use  and only needs warming in order to  have it ready to jrerve for meals.  "Our cow gave us t!,0GO pounds of  4-2 per cent, milk during the year just  closed; chickens are laying sixty'egss  a day now; and crop prospects,are  good.  "The w: r may continue, butcher  shops may close and gardens may1 fifth  but unless the thief makes a haul  from our unlocked cellar we shall not  worry. We'll eat on and on. And we'll  eat a balanced ration, living on the  cheapest and yet the best that the  land affords.  "Wc have made the little things  count, you know; and they tell me it's  the little things that inako for content  ami discontent. This family of ours  begins witli baby sister, who has been  in Bountiful just four weeks, and runs  UP to big brother���������just turning Ii is  '���������twenty-first year. Five years ago,  when twins came to us, one of the  youngsters decided that one of them  just must be sold to the junk man. U  guess he thought there wasn't enough  food to go round.  "But  we  have  not one    to  spare***3^  We're healthy and happy. We've jnaue  the little things count in eyej-jr'"chapter of our lives. And we'^'ebntent!"   -v****-' ���������  You can oblain.lIttf1,h'er particulars  by sending a pos.t'card to S. E. Grecn-  wav, department .of agriculture, University. Saskatoon,' or Prof. C. II. Lee,  Agricultural College, Winnipeg, Man.,  whichever happens to be in your (lis-  ��������� trict.   /.,-.,.  x  W.  N. U- 1066 THE    SUN,    GJRAND    FORKS,    B. C  ���������������i  5'-  |j>  I'"  \\  .sr  I  is uog^^  That's Why You're Tired���������Out of  Sorta���������Have no Appetite.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  will put you right  in b few days,  They do  their duly.  Cure  Constipation,  ' Bilioasnesi, Indigestion, ani Skk Headache. ';  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine mum bear Signature  About Fossils  One Can Save  Energy and Temper  . By Using Only  They will not miss Fire if  Properly Held and Struck on  Rough Surface���������Every Stick  is a Match��������� an<_ Every Match  Safe  New and Second Hand Safes  Some fine new and second-hand  "safes, Cash Registers, Computes  Scales, etc., cheap. F. H. Robinson,  50  Princess street, Winnipeg-  MOTHERS!  Don't  fail   to  procure  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOUTHING SYRUP ,  For   Your   Children    While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Gump,  "Allays the Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  is  the Best Remedy  for. Infantile Diarrhoea.  nVENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTLS'  Nature's Way of Preserving Evidence  of the Life That Existed in the  Dim Past  Few people value fossil's at their  proper worth, because but very few  know anything- about them. Sometimes  an irreverent youngster may be heard  to designate' some one of conservative  tendencies as " a regular old fossil,"  little knowing what he is talking about  or to how beautiful and strange a  chiltl of nature he is referring. Rightly viewed, a fossilis a historical docu-  ���������mont carved in tables of stone, of unimpeachable veracity and almost incredible age. To him who.has eyes  to sec a fossil will unfold a tale, so  interesting that few other histories  can vie with it, and so : old* that it  laughs at such mere -human.- attempts  as the pyramids, or the palaces of  Babylon, as things of yesterday. It  is as if nature bethought herself how  perishable all her work is; types vanish, specie and genera disappear and  arc as if they never had been, yet shall  something be save'd for future generations to see. what went before them.  Thinking, thus, nature "looks-.around  and makes a generous selection, here  a reptile eighty feet in length, there  a creature that only the microscope  can reveal to mortal ������������������ eyes, now a huge  tree trunk and then .a.'filmy fern, a butterfly's wing, a homy crab, an egg,.,a  seed, or a delicate flower petal, nothing is too small or too great, if indeed nature is aware of such distinctions- . :'��������� .  Then she sets to work, rot to copy  the model as a sculptor or a painter  might do���������no, she patiently removes  the ' whole structure, grain by grain,  atom by atom, here a little and there a  little, and as each molecule is remove:!  she replaces the perishable substance  by something far more durable, using  whatever she has at hand���������lime, sand  or clay, to be afterwards-baked and  pressed' in her laboratory for many  thousand years. Each minute atom is  replaced by another of its own exact  form and size. This process is carried  out faithfully throughout the entire  structure, nothing is scamped, the  most delicate filament is exactly reproduced, every curve or angle is as clear  as in the original. When all is finished, there is, let us say, an elegant ammonite or-a dainty frond of seaweed,  as exact a copy of the original as any  photograph could produce, and saying  plainly to those who have ears to hear,  "Though'.you have found,hie at the fop  of a high mountain yet these rocks  that I now inhabit were once at the  bottom of a deep sea and though there  is nothing existing today that is like  me, yet untold myriads of my brethren  lived with me and peopled tlie seas."  The same voice - cries aloud from The  huge brontosurus or the queer pter-  odacytly, as from the tiniest seed or  most delicate feather. "We guard the  past," it cries, "we tell the history of  what has been, we are the witnesses  of things long passed away but we can  only speak to those who are able to  hear."  WEAK, TIRED, DEPRESSED  That is the Usual Condition  of Persons Afflicted with  Anaemia  Anaemia is the medical term for  poor, watery ' blood. It may arise  from a variety of causes, such as lack  of exercise, hard study, improperly  ventilated rooms or workshops, poor  digestion, etc. The chief symptoms  are extreme pallor of the face and  gums, rapid breathing and palpitation of the heart after slight exertion,  headaches, dizziness and a tendency  to hysteria, swelling of the feet and  limbs and a distaste for food. All  these symptoms may not be present,  but any of them indicate anaemia  which should be promptly treated  with Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. These  Pills make new, rich blood which  stimulates and strengthens every organ and every par", of the body. Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills have made thous-  andsof aenaemic people bright, active  and strong. The following is one of  the many cures. Mrs. Phillips, wife  of Rev; W. E. Phillips, Princeton, Ont.,  The City That Was  Work of Germans is Compared to Invasion   of Tartar   hordes   Centuries  Ago  "The City That Was." This is the  (namc given to Shavli, still the centre  fof bitter fights in Lithuania, by those  of the inhabitants who have returned  to the ruins of their former homes  there.  More than a thousand houses were  burned by the 'Germans. Entire districts are in ruins, among which wander sorrowing men and women, vainly  searching for the bodies of their dear  ones who perished, victims of the barbarous warfare waged by the Germans.  No wonder tlie people of Poland and  Lithuania compare the German invasion to that of the Tartar hordes that  burned and destroyed everything in  their path, only that the cultured Teutons go the savage Nomads of seven  hundred years ago one better by sending oft to Germany everything worth  while. Scores of young men and  women were taken as hostages���������the  youth to_work in the fields of dapopu-  ated Germany, the girls to serve as  says:   "Some years ago, while living  slaves to the victorious masters  Russia Bound to Persist  Ambidextrous  Very few people are ambidextrous���������  that is, able to use the left hand as  readily and skilfully as the right. But  there' is a story of an Irishman who  was careful to cultivate that art. When  he was signing articles on board a ship  he began to sign his name with his  right hand, and then changed the pen  to the left hand and finished it. "So  you can write with either hand, Pat?''  asked the officer. "Yis, sorr," replied  Pat ."Whin 1 was a bhoy me father  (rest his soul) always said to me, 'Pat,  learn, to cut yer finger nails with yer  left hand, for some day ye might-lose  yer rjght!'"���������Youth's Companion-  An Oil For All Men.���������The sailor, the  soldier, the fisherman, the lumberman,  the outdoor laborer and all who are exposed to injury anu the elements will  find in Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil a true  and faithful friend. To ease pain, relieve  colds, dress wounds, subdue lumbago  and overcome rheumatism, it has no  equal. Therefore, it should have a  place in all home medicines and those  taken on a journey.  with my parents in England I'fell'a  victim of aenaemia. The usual complications set in and soon I became but  a shadow of my former self- My  mother, who had been a former nurse  of many years' experience, tried all  that her knowledge suggested; tonics  of various, kinds were tried, and  thrae doctors did their best for me,  but without avail, and a continued  gradual decline and death was- looked for. .���������:.'���������'   "Later my parents decided' to join  my brothers in Canada, and it was  confidently expected that the ocean  voyage, new climate and new conditions would cure me. For a time I  did experience temporary benefit, but  was soon as ill again as ever. I was  literally bloodless, and the extreme  pallor and generally hopeless appearance of my condition called forth  many experiences of sympathy from  friends whom we made in our new  home in Acton, Ont. Later a friend  urged me to try Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills, and although in a condition  where life seemed to have little to  hope for I decided to do so. After  using three boxes I began to mend.  Continuing I began to enjoy my food,  slept, almost normally, and began to  have a fresh interest in life as-I-felt;  new blood once again running in my  veins. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  brought about a complete cure and I  am today in robust health.- My husband is rector of this parish and I  have recommended 'the use of the  Pills to a great number of people with  whom we have coma into contact in  the courserof my husband's' ministry,  for we both know what Dr. Williams'  Pink. Pills can do."  These Pills may be'had.' from any  dealer in medicine or by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for $2.50 from  The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  ville, Out.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  First Steam Battleship  In comparison with the dreadnoughts of the present day, the  Demologos, the first steam war vessel  ever built, furnishes some interesting  contrasts. This ship was 167 feet  long. It made its first speed trial on  July 4th, 1814, and developed a speed  of a little more than six miles an  hour, . which was thought to be vary  good at that time. The Demologos  never engaged in battle. On June  lth, 1829, the ship was destroyed in  New York navy yard by an explosion  of its boilers, which killed twenty-nine  persons. Some of the naval launches  st the present day have a greater  horsepower than that of the Demologos.  Horse Talk  Pretty Cashier���������You might give me  a holiday to recruit my health. My  ioauty is beginning to fade.  Manager���������Wha'   makes   you   think  30?  Pretty Cashier���������The men are bagin-  .ling to count their change.  Sound   Advice  on the  Care  of   Man's  Best   Friend  There is no time in the colt's life  when he requires more generous feeding^ than during the first, year after  being weaned.  The colt should have plenty of bone  and muscles-making food. A small ration of oats and wheat bran should be  given daily on pasture-  The foundation of bone and muscle  development must not be overlooked  at this time. A colt that is neglected  at this time will never develop into  the horse that he might have made.  It is found necessary to give the  young.colt cow's milk, it should be diluted about half with water, and sugar  added.  Marc's milk contains less solids and  more sugar than cow's mill:.  All growing colts should he in pasture during the summer months. Exercise is most essential to the development of strong legs and muscles.  Give the work team the largest feeding at night.  The work teams should have a bran  mash on Saturday night. The rest on  Sunday will do much to keep them in  the best of condition.  Regularity of work and regularity of  feeding make long years of usefulness  of the work horse.  Keep the farm teams well shod.  Many farmers are careless in this matter and it is cruel.���������Tim, in Farm  Journal.  An Improved Machine Gun  A new type of machine gun, an  improvement on the 1904 model of  the Maxim gun made by Hiram  Maxim, Jr., of Hartford, Ct., has  been adopted by the United States  army. A model, which will be a  standard for the army, has already  been constructed. This gun overcomes the difficulties of jamming experienced in both the 1904 Maxim  and the Benet-Mercier machine gun  now used by the army, it-being possible to' fire 16,000 rounds without  jamming. This has ,b3en demonstrated by elaborate tests made in  ���������Texas. The new gun has already  been adopted by the English army  and is now being used in the European war- In fact several improvements have been suggested as  a result of its use in the present war  and will be, incorporated in the new-  model. -  When the Germans were finally  driven out of Shavli, mora than 2,000  inhabitants were 1 ft, starving and  shivering, in the basements of their  homes, where , they sought refuge  from the hail of shot that the Kaiser's  artillery rained upon the defenceless  city. .      .        '  SS. ���������  State of Ohio, city of Toledo,       ,-  Lucas County. J  Frank j. Cheney makes oath that he  is senior partner of the firm of IV J.  Cheney & Co;, doing:.business in tlie City  of Toledo. County and State aforesaid,  and that said firm will pay the sum of  ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each  and every case of Catarrh that cannot  bo cured by the use of HALL'S CATARRH  CURE.  FRANK   J.   CHENEY.  Sworn to before mo and subscribed in  my presence, this Gth day of December.'  A.D. 1SSG.  (Seal) A. W. CLEASON.  Notary   Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and acts directly upon the blood and  mucous surfaces of the system. Send for  testimonials,   free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.  So'd by  all Druggists,  75c.  Take Hall's Family Pills for Constipation.  ������������������'"..'  German Torpedoes  ' According to the latest information, the newest German torpedoes  here a range of from 1,000 to 1,500  yards. Instead of carrying 2501b or  3001b of gtmcotton or other high explosive, the instruments have a  charge of but 1001b or less.���������Because  of the shorter range and lighter  weight, the ordinary intricate mechanism is simplified. Indeed, some of  the propelling parts necessary in the  greater torpedo are omitted. Probably  the most valuable saving is in the  time of construction. These torpedoes  are built and completely tested in five  months, while ten months or a year  is required to perfect a long-range instrument- The new torpedo costs  about $2,250. This does not include  the explosive charge. The German  long-range torpedo, 10,000 yards, costs  $15,000, while the intermediate range  torpedo, 4,000 to 7,000 yards, costs  about $6,500.  Many children die from the assaults  of worms, and the first care of mothers should he to see that their infants  are free from these pests. A vermifuge  that can be depended on is Miller's  Worm Powders. They will not only  expel worms from the system, but act  as a health-giving medicine and a remedy for many of the ailments that beset infants, enfeebling them' and endangering their lives.  W. N. U- 106G  An artist and wife were entertaining trends to tea in the studio- The  hosts picture, which ifad recently been  "hung," was the topic of conversation.  Said one lady:  . "Mr. Vandike, yours was the only  picture that I looked at in the exhibition."  ��������� Vaiullka bowed and smiled delightedly.  "Believe mo, madam," he said, "I appreciate the honor."  But she gave a little start of perplexity.  "Honor?" she said. "The others,  you know, were so surrounded by the  crowd."  A Pleasant Reminder  The assurance from ths Dominion  government of continued hospitality  in Canada for Americans, whether travellers or prospective settlers, and  for unnaturalized foreigners from "the  States" as well, without the requirement of passports, is a pleasant reminder of the 100 years of peace just  ended and tha second hundred ju.st begun.���������Springfield  Republican.  I bought a horse with a supposedly  incurable ringbone for $30. Cured him  with $1.00. worth of MINARD'S LINIMENT and sold him for $85. Profit on  Liniment, $54.  ...  MOISE DEROSCE.  Hotel Keeper, St. Phillippe, Que.  A Long Voyage  On the last day of school prizes  were distributed at Peter's school.  When the little boy returned home  and mother was entertaining callers.  "Well, Peter," asked one of the  callers, "did you get a prize?"  "No," replied Peter, "but I got horrible mention."  What magazine will give me the  highest position quickest?  /Literary Friend���������A powflar magazine, if you send in a fiery article.  "Here's a story about a man who  got a piece of ice lodged in his throat  and choked to death."  "Ah. another case of death from  hard drink.  BE   A   MOVIE  ACTOR  Earn bis salary and become famous  actinK In Photo-I'lays. Beverly Pawn,  the* famed actor and master dlrcflor of  instructions, sives private lessons by let-  tor. "Mr. Dawn trains oil type:! of people  In facial expression, screeii-mnke-up and  all the lochrikiuc essential to movinjr picture acting1. Beauty or prffvlous stafto  experience unnecessary. Film producers  demand new faces, people with training j  which we kIvo you. We teach you to be  natural and at ease before the camera.  'Write for particulars, Photo-Playera  I Studios, 8 Helntzman Bdg<. Toronto.  Journey Around Greater Part of North  America to  Reach  Port Nelson  In order that the proper kind of lumber for the construction of piers and  docks may be available at Port Nelson  where the Canadian government is  building a railroad and steamship terminal on the shores of Hudson Bay it  has been found necassary to send a  steamer around the greater part of  North America.  The steamer Durley Chine. which  left Vancouver, B.C., on June .10, will  cover approximately 10,000 miles to  land her cargo of Douglas fir at Port  Nelson, which is only about 1,200  miles distant from Vancouver in an  air line.  Her route lies down the Pacific  coast, through the Panama canal, up  the Atlantic coast to Newfoundland,  thence into Hudson.Bay.  In preparation for this season's  work at Port Nelson, a fleet of  steamers is fitting out at St.. John's,  Nfld. Most of these are sealing vessels, equipped for service in stormy  and ice-frequented waters.  Some of them will be used directly  by the Canadian government for the  transport of men, construction material and food supplies. Others are  engaged by fur companies for the collection of last winter's accumulation  of peltries along the Labrador and  Hudson Bay coasts.  Vast Empire Has as Yet Been Littlo  Effected by the War  Despatches from Berlin, carefully  framed to create the impression that  they originated in Russia,.suggest that  the people are tired of the war and are  likely to clamor for peaceif the Grand  Duke Nicholas is forced to evacuate  Poland and fall back upon the line of  the Bug. It requires only a glance at  the map of Russia to see that the  great mass of the S':.v race are as remote from the sound of war's alarms  as they would be if they dwelt on another planet. The escalation of all  of Poland, and the retention by tha  Germans of the portions of the provinces of Suwalki, Kovno and Courland  now held by them, would give the Germanic powers a little under three per  cent of the area of Russia in Europe.  When they cross the Bug in pursuit  of the Bear���������if they ever do���������the Germanic armies will still be 650 miles  from Moscow, and to reach it must  traverse the most ttifficult country in  Europe. But even were they to occupy Moscow, Russia would be uncon-  quered still���������as Napoleon discovered  a century ago���������so long as her will to  fight remains and her western allies  continue to supply her with munitions  and war supplies. There are between  thirty a*iu forty million men of service  aga in the Russian empire. Not more  than one in five of them has as yet  been called to the colors. The war to  the great mass of the people means  only the disappearance from their  familiar places of >. small portion ot  the men who have had military training . ..,  ._-.-. ..: ..'.. '_.: - ^       .. , .___-..,._    . _���������_.:__::.-_   To say that among the people there  is a demand for peace is to presuppose  that they have a grasp of the meaning  and scope of the war and know how it  is progressing. The Intellectuals and  the Bureaucrats are doubtless no less  well informed than the average man  in western Europe as to what is Jiap-  pening, but unquestionably the bulk of  the Russian peasants only know that  the Little Father is having some  trouble on the western border of the  empire, and that to prevent the soldiers who are helping him from taking  too much vodka it has been found advisable to close the state dram shops.  Russia is not yet a democracy, whatever sha may become as the result of  the changes war will inevitably bring,  and the little group of men in Petro-  grad who make war and peace on behalf of her swarming population are  as determined to sea the thing  through as Asquith or Kitchener. The  war^vas begun because Russia refused  to give up her small Slav satellite, Serbia, to the unrestrained vengeance of  Austria-Hungary. It will be continued  to a successful end because Russian  statesmen know that . a Teuton triumph now would make the Balkan  States the plaything of Germanic diplomacy, and (he bridge across which  the Teuton would pass to the posses-  ison of a great empire in the Near  East- Russia may be badly hammered during the next six months, but tha  Bear will take it all standing up.  Countless have been the cures worked by Holloway's Corn Cure. It has a  power of its own r.ot to be found in  other preparations.  Population of China  The total area of China in estimated  at \,21S,'\'>2 square miles. A census of  the kind taken in Western nation.'; has  never been attempted in China, and  I ho nearest approach to a reliable estimate is probably tlie census of households (not individuals) taken by the  Chinese ministry of interior in 1010.  Assuming 5,5 persons to a household,  which, by a test census was found to  he a fair average, the population  totalled ll'M,000.000. including 1,500.-  010 as the probable population of  Tibo;.  A minister of a rural parish in Scotland found one of his Hock shooting a  hare on the Sabbath, and remonstrated with him. "Macpherson, do you  know what a work of necessity is?'  "I do," replied Macpherson.  "Well, do you think shooting a hare  on Sunday a work of necessity?"  "It  is that," said the parishoner.  "How do you make that out?"  "Weel, ye see. nieenister, it micht  nae be oo't on Monday."  Long  Range  A group of colored peopla were discussing tiie war. Uncle Hphraim's  sympathies were all with the allies.  "Man." announced lie- "Has you  hoard 'bout, them Allies? They's got  a gun what kin hit you if it's twenty-  three miles off."  "Lawsie, that ain't nothin'," sneered a partisan ot the opposite camp.  "Do Germans, i\ay kin hit you if dey  jess  has you' ad-drcss."  j WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Soriiflhms   heller   thin    Imen    and   Mir  h.mrtry   Wills      Wash   it   ������'im   W   ������j  water.     All   Jtor<v������   or  direr'.     Slate  >iyl������  and *i/.������     Ftir Ibi   we *aiII mill you  THE   ARLINGTON   COMPANY   OF  CANABA  Llmltad  SS Frwir Avenue, Toronto, OnUr*������ THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   b. C.  WJJ.      ,     J) ,    'END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  edding  r resents ���������        gases ob dyspepsia  Let us help ,yoil pick that  Present yoa care going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  i  , "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  j       Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  I in five.minutes.  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that  have  not   .  been  advanced since the  war.  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS,'B.C.  A. D. MORRISON  uU]i><Sran& Storks #un  G.   A.   EVANS,  EDITOR  AND   PUBLISHER  aunacKU-TioN katks i   $1.50  O it)  tfotit   ���������,��������������������������������������������������������������� ������������������  1.00  Oll0 Veur   In adyunce ��������� , M  Ouo Year, in I'nitod Slates   \ddress all communications to  TheGkasi) Forks Sun.  ������������������ri���������������E   RW ' GKANDI-OKK8.B.C,  FRIDAY, OCTOBER 1,   1HI5  A.U applications for voters  to be placed on the voters _  'list at the November court of  revision must be in the han.ls  of the registrar of voters not  later than the first Monday in  October.  The Sun congratulates the directors on the splendid success the  sixth annual fair attained.  B T. Boies, fruit inspector, of the  Dominion department of agricul  ture, attended the fair, and supplied  the -ranchers of the valley with  much valuable information in re-  'gard ta varieties, packing and marketing of fruit. Mr. Boies is 'a  practical orchardist, having been  connected with the Coldstream  ranch at Vernon for a number of  years, and his advice is worth heeding-    Hon. W. J. Bowser, atterney-  general, and Hon. W. B. Ross, min  ister of lands, arrived in the city on  Sunday from the west in Lome A.  Campbell's car, and remain for a  few hours. What special message  of comfort they conveyed to the  remnant of adherents to McBride  Toryism is still a mystery.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or' you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  In mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You roalizo in five minutes how needless it i" i-o suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any stomach iisorder.  It'o the quickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  The Sacrament of the Lord's Supper vt'ill be dispensed in the Presby.  terian church Sunday, October 8,  at the close of the morning service.  All members kindly take notice,  and any member of any JCvangelioal  church who wishes to participate in  the service will  be welcome.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  .-hipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the'Graiid Forks  smelter:  Tons  January '...;   42,211  February .,   63,091  March* '.  69,948  Agril ���������.  85,382  May :...100,693  June  103,004  July 101,058  August 103,062  Total  668,449  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  Men, call and see the neat line of  suits MacDou^'ixIl &, MacDonald are  showing for Thanksgiving day, .in  serges, tweeds, worsteds. All sizes;  prices SI 1.75 up to $21.  The pastor will preach morning  and evening at the Methodist church  on Sunday next. Roland Daly, ol  Toronto, will be the soloist at both  services.  What sets oil" a man's appearance  better than one of MacDougall & Mac-  Dcnald's soft hats'? Colors green,  brown, black, navy- all sizes; prices  $1.75 and ������2.00 each.  The last shipment of prunes from  the Suunyside ranch was made this  week. The total shipments amounted to thirteen carloads, nearly  double the yield harvested in any  previous year. These ware all grown  on nine acres of grown.  A feature of special interest at the  fair on Tuesday afternoon was the  physical drill and bayonet exercises  by the Independent Company of  Rifles. The exerises were splendidly done, and showed that the company had been efficiently drilled.  The maneuvers were watched by a  large crowd of interested  spectators.  Tne annual Rally Day services of  the Baptist Sunday school will be  held od Suuday with special music  bv the choir and brief addresses by  the pastor, A. S. Matheson, and T.  T- Gairns, of iS'elson, who as a specialist in the work of the Canadian  branch of the British and Canadian  Bible society, will address the evening congregation on a theme of specialist interest to all just now. The  members and friends of the cradle  roll and home departments have a  special invitation to attend the 11  a.m. service. The school meets at  2:30 p.m., and will continue this  hour for the fall and winter. The  Lord's Supper will pe celebrated at  the close of the evening service.)  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  STRAYED  ���������Strayed onto my premises,  one black year-old bull,brand-  ed n on left side, and left ear  clipped. Unless the same is  redeemed within thirty days  he will be sold for expenses.  Dated Grand Forks, B. C,  Aug.'28, 1915.  James A. Harris.  Mothers, call and see line of boys'  underwear, in all sizes. Prioes 65c,  75c, 85c, 90e, Sl.00, SI. 10 See  the line of boots; all sizes. Prices  $2.00, 2.25, 2.50, 2.75 a'pair.'  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  MacDougall &, MacDonald are  showing a swell line of caps for  Thanksgiving. See tho trappy shapes  in all patterns. Prices 65c, 85c,Si.00,  81.25, ������1.50.  ,   ���������:... ���������.;_[___> m OilOSS,  _'EVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look   Mother!     If  tongue   is   coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs," because in  :\ few hours all tho clogged-up waste,  s our bile and fermentiug food gently  i loves out of the bowels, and you have  si well, playful child again.  Sick children needn't be coaxed to  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions of mothers keep if handy because they know its action on tiio  stomach, liver and bowels is prompt  r.nd sure.  Ask von:- ("ruggist for a IjO-cent bot-  Men.   have   you   seen    the valnes  MacDougall & MacDonald   are  offer  ing   in   men's   suits;  tweeds, serges,  worsteds. Prices $11.75, 12.00, 13.50  18.00, 21.00; all sizes.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture.   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Yale  Barber  Shop  liazor Honing a Speciulty.  P. A.  Z,   PARE,  Proprietor  Yai.k Hotel, Fihst Street.  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout   tho   world   to  uoniinunicato direct with Etiirlish  MANUFACTURERS A DEALERS  In each class of goods. Besides being u complete commercial guide to Loudon and Its  suburhs, tho directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with tho Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under tho Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate SuillngH;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., In  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of tho United Kingdom.  A copy of tho current edition  will  bo forwarded,  freight   paid,  on  receipt of Postal  | Order for $5.  !    Dealers  seeking  Agencies   can    advertise  i their trade cards for $5, orlargor advertisements from $15.  r ���������.'wj,i:^:na syrup of Figs/'v.-hich the LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  :'".ir.:s directions for babies, children '  ill ages and for grown-ups.  5, Abchuroh Lane, London, E,C  W^ite Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   marie  four  sntries  and won   2nd   cock,  1st cockerel,  1st  hen,  1st pen and silver cups.  Egjf.s from the above are 82.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  [ won at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  1 have one pen of these mated up  at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with    White  Leghorn   cockerel.  EgeaSl.OO for 12.  E.E.W- MILLS  GRAND PORKS  B. C  E. G.   HENNIGER  WILL SELL. YOU  Out- Best Flour, 100 lbs'. ........ .$3.75  "    50 lbs ���������  2.00  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs    3.50  "    ������������������     "0     50 lbs -T. . 1,85  The name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street Grand Forks, B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  ers and Prospectors  When doing that work in  Franklin and ��������� Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet J6m Supplies, at the  Gloucester General Store a full line, of'.General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request. J  THOMAS FDNRLEY, Prop.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  a  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Bay  Your  Gait C<  oai Now  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  Ffrst Street  Telkfhonks;  Officr, Kii(5  HANSB*������IH Kl'SIOKNCR. R38  The weekly market "HI be held  on Second strept, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  odel Livery Barn  Barns S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary con itrv THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS.   B. C.  K  PRICE_iIST  Spring Flowering Bulbs, Shrubs/Plants  and Rose Bushes  Vancouvei-,' B. C, Sept. 15, 1915.  ���������In view of the   misleading   statements . that   have   been   circulated  throughout  the  province regarding  the motives and actions of the Min  i-terial Union of the   Lower   Main  land, in the matter of   the puhliea  tion of the pamphlet entitled "The  Crisis in B. C ," I am instructed to  forward   the  enclosed     resolutions,'  unanimously   adopted  at   the   last  meeting of the union, which meeting  ���������was   one   of   the  largest and most  representative yet held.  J. R   Roruktson, Secretary.  THE RESOLUTIONS.  In view of the repeated statement"  that Rev. A E. Cook and the others  whose names are signed to "The  Crisis in B. C;" acted on their own  responsibility, we submit the following facts for the consideration of  your readers:    .  1.. That the Ministerial Union of  the Lower Mainland approved of  the policy of issuing a statement to  the public on the exploitation of the  natural resources of British Culum  bia  2.  That   in    puisuance.   of   that  policy a committee of  investigation  was appointed which represented us  throughout.    This committee met a  great   many   times, sent two of   its  members to Victoria for some  days  to consult the records on  file there,  and to verify all copiesof documents  submitted   and    statements   made  about the situation   throughout the  province.    As as result of these   investigations they were convinced   of  the accuracyof the statements which  .   were afterwards made in  the  pamphlet.  3. This report was presented and  discussed in detail at several of the  most largely attended meetings of  the Ministerial Union ever held,  and was unanimously and heartily  endorsed by every one who was  present at the last and most largely  attended of all the meetings;  4. That the campaign of publicity  carried on throughout the province  by Rev. A. E Cooke, as secretary of  ihe union, was planned and directed  by the Ministerial Union throughout  and we desire to express our entire  approval of his conduct of his part  of the work.  6. After having carefully ohHid  ered all the answers and ex plana  tion given on behalf of the govern  ment, we are more than ever, convinced of the necessity of the inves  tigation, for which we appeal.  In all these attempted replies, the.  main, facts set forth in the pamphlet  "The   Crisis   in   B.   0."   have   re  mained entirely untouched.  Our only desire is that the people  of British Columbia should know  the truth, and we feel that if a full  and non-partisan investigation be  held, every charge we have made  will be fully borne out in all essentials.  Signed on behalf of the Union:  G. R. Wkmjh,  Central  Baptist Church, President;  J. R. Robertson, D. D.,  St.   David's  Presbyterian   Church,  Secretary;  John Mackay, D. D.,  Principal Westminster Hall;  J. K. Unsworth, D>D.,  First Congregational Church;.  E. Manuel,  Robaon Methodist Memorial Church,  Consulting Member of Committee  John Wananiaker says in Judicious  " Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. Itin-  ������������������reases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  ���������Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with.  a  a  i.  a  a  a  a  a  - a  a  a  a  a  HYACINTHS  No. 1 Large Extra Selected.  La Innocence���������Pure   white;   finest  and largest grown $1.50 per doz., post paid  Grande Blanche���������Blush white.... 1.50 "     "       ���������'     "  Gertrude���������Rich rosy pink  1.50 ".    "        '���������      "  Rose Gem���������Rosy red   1.50 "      "        "      "  King  of the   Belgians���������A grand  .  brilliant crimson-scarlet   1.50  Grandeur and Merville, rosy white 1.50  King of the Blues"���������Rich deep blue. 1.50  No. 2 size, same variety as above only the bulbs are one  size smaller.- This size is fine for house culture. Price, 80c  per doz., post paid. .  Bedding Hyacinths���������Separate colors. . Price, only  60c  per  .doz.; $3.75 per 100. by express.  Miniature Hyacinths���������"White only. 50c per doz., postpaid.  NARCISSUS AND DAFFODILS  Paper White Narcissus 40c per doz., post paid  Poeticus Ornatus���������Fine for house and .  garden  culture;  pure white, with  saffron cup,tinged with rosy scarlet.20c "      "      "    ~"  Madam De Graaff���������The Queen of  Daffodils; almost, white $1.50  Sir Watkin���������Very large, perianth yellow, extra large bulb. 50c  Emperor���������Enormous brilliant trumpets. 60c  Empress���������Perianth white, trumpet rich  yellow 60c  Bicolor-Victoria������������������Yellow trumpet.. .60c  Golden Spur���������Extra large bold yellow  flowers. ....-60c  Double Daffodils  Von Zion���������No. 1  large bulb; golden  yellow; double trumpet 60c per doz., post paid  Von Zion���������No. 2 size; golden yellow;  double trumpet 50c"      "      "      "  Orange   Phoenix���������Beautiful   double  white flowers, with orange nectary.35c "      "      "      "  Sulphur   Phoenix ��������� Color   sulphur  white ��������� 35c "  EARLY DOUBLE TULIPS  La CJandeur���������Pure White 30c per doz., post paid  Blanchie Rosette���������Fine rose pink, tall. 30c '  Rubra Maxima���������Rich scarlet 40c "  Couronned'Or���������Fine yellow-.-..... ������������������������������������������������������������������������60c '  Murillo���������Lovely deep pink ������������������  .60c '  EARLY SINGLE TULIPS  Crimson Brilliant ....35c per doz., post paid  La Reine���������White, shading to delicate  pink 25c  Yellow Prince���������Sweet scented ..-30c  Rose Giis de Lin���������Most beautiful delicate pink........ ....':25c  Keiserskroon���������Bright red with yellow  -      edge-......-.������������������������������������ 35cper doz., post paid  DARWIN TULIPS  Clara Butt���������Soft blush pink ��������� 45c per doz., post paid  Europe���������Scarlet of wonderful dazzling  color.......... ��������� '...��������� ��������� 45c '  White Queen^���������Pure white-���������.. ��������� 45c ?  Gretchen���������Soft salmon 35c '  Dream���������Grand lilac variety 45c '  Pride of Haarlam���������Deep rose, shaded  scarlet 50c  SINGLE LATE TULIPS  Picotee���������White, rose striped 30c per doz., post paid  Isabella���������Red and white-.... 30c"      "      "      "  Bonton d'Or���������Pure deep golden 35c  Gesn Spathulata���������Dazzling scarlet ��������� 30c  Macrosphila��������� Black and yellow centre. 30c  Golden   Crown���������Rich   yellow,  petals  faintly edged red 30c  .Mixed Tulips,'for bedding 25c "  Parrot or Dragon Tulips���������Very large  flowers of singular and picturesque  forms and brilliant colors; very  beautiful and interesting --30c "      u      "      "  CROCUS  In four colors, mammoth flowering.    256 per doz., $1.(50 per  100, post paid.  SNOWDROPS  Single flowering 15c per doz., $1.00 per 100  SCILLA SIBERICA  One  of the prettiest of early spring flowering bulbs, with  sprays of exquisite rich bue flowers.    20c per doz.. post  paid.  Frache Bros., Limited  Florists  a  P. 0. Box 417  Grand Forks, B. C. \L=  ,f5^Z5  More Victories Are  Won by SiegeTac=  tics Than by As=  saults'  ^A-PPfy   thi?  t������  business  and see what it means:  It means  that continuous  and   steady   advertising   is  niore   resuitful    than   campaigns   that   come and  go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  ��������� For   an   advertiser   with  goods to sell to -suspend his  selling    efforts   now   is   to  make  conditions  worse for  himself,   and is   no  sign  of  that courage  which is supposed    to   possess     eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your  Position in Business  bySTEADFASTNESS  IN ATTACK  P  Th������  irand Forks  J-&IVJ STIE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  BO cents  Edmansim,  Toronto.  By   making   the  blood rich and rod  Dr.   Chase's  Nerve  Food    forms    new  cells  and  tissues and  nourishes  the starved  nerves ��������� buck to health  and  vigor.  By noting your Increase in .weight.while  using it you can prove  positively tho benefit  being derived from  this s great food cure.  a    box,    nil 'dealers,    or  Bat <!;>     &    Co.,    Limited,  I Meat Problem Faces Britain  The Eye of the Army  The Searchlight is Invaluable in Modern  Warfare  la modern "warfare the searchlight is  invaluable. On dark nights at sea it is  the '..'only': means .'of-guarding against  torpedo boats, avIucIi its beams will  reveal at a distance of two miles and  more. ���������'  On shore it is the electric eye of the  army, it is carried to all parts of the  field of action by motor truck, and the  motor that propels the vehicle drives  the electric generator that supplies  the current for the light.  Most of these field searchlights are  not by hand, for each instrument is  fitted with what is known as the distant control. Two small motors govern the vertical and the horizontal  movements of the light. From them an  electric cable runs to the station ot  the operator, who although he may  be several hundred feet away, can  send the rays of the light in any direction he pleases.  One advantage of this distant control is that the objects picked up by  the beam of light can be sighted more  quickly and more definitely, for if the  operator stands behind the light and  looks along the beam his vision is  hampered by a luminous haze. A second advantage is that the light can be  placed in'an exposed position without  endangering the men to run it- Were  the operator and officer beside the  the apparatus they would be certain to  receive tlie fire that-is sure to be poured upon a searchlight, and would suffer the iustant the range'was found.  Worms,.in children, if they be not  attended   to,   cause   convulsions   and  often  death.    Mother  Graves' Worm  .Exterminator will protect the children  from these distressing afflictions-  Breeding Stock Sacrificed on -Altar of  High Prices  '. The meat problem in Britain has  been forced to the front as one of tha  main issues caused by the war. There  is a cry now.tliatthe;nation's breeding-  stock is being sacrificed on the altar of  high prices, and that in the event of  the war's lasting a long time the situation will amount almost to a famine, not only of meat, but of milk as  well. .'"���������."���������  One of the official leaders in the  Times states that already many farmers have begun to dispose of immature and breeding stock to. the. butcher, so that, they may be relieved from  feeding them at the present' high  prices for grain.  Sixty per cent, of the meat���������beef,  mutton and veal���������consumed in Britain is home product during normal  times. Now, with figures of the consumption for the army and navy available and .with large consignments  coming in from the United States and  the Argentine; it is not possible to say  just what the percentage is, but it is.  known : that. the actual amount of  meat slaughtered-here is far greater  than it-has been before in the nation's  historyV.-     -. .,-..-  This, extra quantity is, of course,  put on the market without there  having been any preparation ofr sup-,  plying it, and it must come out of the  reserve stock of the breeding farms.  Two plans have been suggested for,  meeting this condition, 'vhe first and  most;drastic proposed is that.an order be issued prohibiting the slaughter of any animal without permission  from the government.  This would" mean that farmers  would be forced to keep their breed-  | ers, but it also would be of the greatest hardship to' some of the smaller  owaiers who are just getting along  now by the occasional sale of one or  two of their cattle. Lack of rain and  the government: demand for, grain  have caused pastures to be poor and  other feed to be out of ihe reach of  any except the wealthiest class.  The second suggstion, and the one'  that finds the greatest favor in all  cricles, is to have the Crown pay a  subsidy to those who keep their breeding herds intact at a financial loss to  themselves. This would be worked  out by appraising the value of the animal as it would be under norma! conditions and giving the owner the difference between .that amount and the  present market price.  Sore  Corns  ?  Absolutely  Painless  No cutting, no plasty  ers or pads to yress'  the sore spot. Putnam's Ext motor  makes the corn go without pain. Takes  out the sting overnight. Never fails-  leaves no scar. Get a 25c bottle',-of"  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  ussian  At tho funeral of Baron Lionel de  Rothschild father of the recently  deceased Lord Rothschild "a poor  old man wept loudly and bitterly.  "Why are you crying?" inquired a  bv-stander. "You are no relation of  Rothschild."  "No," howled the mourner; ."that's  just why I'm crying-"  Minard's  Liniment Cures Garget in  Cows.  Care of Hogs  to  f indb Health in Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound.  Creator-, Iowa. ���������"I suffered with female troubles from the time I came into  womanhood  until  I  had taken Lydia E.  I^K^^S ble Compound. I  would have pains if  I overworked or  lifted anything  heavy, and I would  be so weak and nervous and in so much  misery that I would  be prostrated. A  friend told me what  your medicine had done for her and I  tried it. It made me strong and healthy  and our home is now happy with a baby-  boy. I am very glad that I took Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and  do all I can to recommend it."���������Mrs. A.  B. Boscamp, D04 E. Howard Street,  Creaton, Iowa.  Tons of Hoots and Herbs  arc used annually in the manufactura  of Lydia E. Pinkham'a Vegetable Compound, which is known from ocean to  ocean as tho standard remedy for  female ills.  For forty years this famous/oot and  herb medicine ha3 been pre-eminently  successful in controlling the diseases of  women. Merit alone could have stood  this test of time.  If you have <ho slightest doubt  that Lydia K. Pinklmm's Vojjcta-  WoC'onipoundAvill help you,write  to LydiaE.Pinkhaiu MedlcincCo.  (confidential) Lynn,IIInss.,i'orad~ ;  vice. Yonr Jotter will bo opened,  road and answered byawomaaj I  ������nd held in strict ooniideuco.        |  Pointers   of  Value   and   Assistance  the   Hog   Raiser  Hogs can not be raised with profit  without good pasture.   '  Pork made on good pasture with  some grain, costs-about one-third less  than when made' in pens or dry yard  feeding.  "Afore rapid gains are made on good  ] pasture,  and  the risk of sickness is  also lessened.   On pasture alone hogs  will hold their own.  Alfalfa makes one of the best pastures for hogs.. Do not pasture it too  closely- ��������� ;  If the number of hogs is sufficient to  eat the alfalfa too closely they should  be changed to another pasture, or  hurdles could be used to change from  one part of the field to another.  Alfalfa is not affected by drought,  on account of its deep-root system.  Clover makes tine pasture for pigs,  but experiments with both show that  alfalfa furnishes more food value and  for a longer time. Alfalfa.is a strong  bone and muscle-building food. Rape  is also a good forage crop, and can be  sown almost any time, the earlier the  better, of course. It will be ready for  feeding in from six to eight weeks.  Provide a good shelter for the pigs  in every pasture, as tlie hot sun will  blister their tender skins. ;  Keep salt, sulphur and charcoal in a  box under cover in the pasture.  American Declares '-Prussians Are No  Gentlemen  Why discuss the minor faults of  Prussia when America is agitated by  the far graver question of a Black  Eagle -perched on our Capitol dome?  asked Poultney Bigelow, in one of his  characteristic letters to the New York  Times. My friends of the hyphen  need to have" their patriotism refreshed by a study of comparative  social" customs. Let them note that  after several centuries of rampant  militarism, ��������� Prussia has not yet  evolved what. Ave. call a gentleman.  Indeed, the German language has no  equivalent for the man who is tender  toward a woman and fearless in his  duty to society.  The German stage has not yet succeeded in producing even a good  make-believe gentleman. _ German  actors do well in parts where there  is inuch armor and marching and  Wagnerian heroes and noisy, declamation, frut the drawing room parts are  impossible in Germany���������or else  laughable to a well-bred spectator.  The Prussian officer .' is the only  gentleman known at the Prussian  court, and a splendid  they are, so long as  uniform. When first  palace function in  as   though ' I  had  set of fellows  they stay in  ; I attended a  Berlin it seemed  come   to  the  bar  racks instead of the home of-a  civilized sovereign. The vast walls  resounded to .the rattle of hardware  connected wtih sabers, spurs, and  cognate ornaments. My eyes ached  in search of those, whom I, in my  folly; had. been taught to regard as  the crowning glory of Kultur. I  looked for the famous painters and  sculptors; the poets and musicians:  the historians and men of science; I  did finally discover poor little Vir-  chow���������the despised rector of .the  Berlin university���������the man whom the  count had twice rejected because lie  was a Liberal in politics! Virchow is  a name that rings true wherever  science is honored, but at the court of  Prussia the man who bore that illustrious name was shunned as  though he were a political leper.  A notable diplomat a3ked me, to a  big dinner and asked me to name the  guests. Of course. I named first of  I all the great dramatist, Barney, a  friend of Edwin Booth. At this my  host held up his . hands in horror.  What!���������ask an actor to meet the  Prussian aristocracy! Never! No one  would come! So, to meet Barney and  the great minds of Germany I had to  sneak out at the Palace back door  and get among the social pariahs���������  where genius is not in uniform and  Pegasus not mounted by a Death's  Head Hussar.  A Simple and Cheap Medicine.���������A  simple, cheap and effective medicine  "ts something to be desired. There is no  medicine so effective a regulator of  tli3 digestive system as Parmeleo's  Vegetable Pills. They are simple, they  are cheap, they can be got anywhere,  and their beneficial action will prove  their recommendation.. They are the  medicine of the poor man and those  who wish to escape doctors' bills will  do well in giving them a trial-  of  was  Joe  Dread of Asthma makes  thousands miserable. Ni:  night the attacks return and even  when brief respite is given the mind  is still in torment from continual anticipation. Dr. J. D. Kcilogg's Asthma  Remedy changes all this. Relief  comes, and at once, while future attacks are wanted off, leaving the af-  llictcd one in a state of peace and  happiness he once believed he could  never enjoy. Inexpensive and sold almost everywhere.  One of the largest shipments  wool ever received in Regina  that from the farm of Major  Glenn at Odessa. It will be marketed through the provincial co-operative  wool marketing' association. Over ten  thousand pounds in all were received,  and a gross price of twenty-five cants  per pound paid. The wool averaged  sevqn pounds to a fleece, a particular-  ���������.��������������������������������������������� i ly good showing in view of the fact  lit    Ti>m-rthat  most  ������r tlle slls9P    were  quite  duei . yoimg    T.[ie wool was ciippedfrom 1,-  -142 sheep.  In the farming industry also, Major  Glenn in spite of his military duties,  is active- This year he has 5,832  acres in wheat, and 1,500 acres in  oats and barley, one of the largest  crop acreages in Western Canada.  Minard'c  tlieria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  Big   Guns   nr.d   Rainfall  While there is little doubt that  in l  some instances rain can be produced'  by  heavy explosions,  the  weather  in j  Europe this summer shows that heavy i  cannonading has little appreciable ef-;  feet   on   atmosphere   conditions.   Rain /  has fallen almost every day in Canada  this    summer but. France  and  Great  Britain have been experiencing one of  tlie driest. sunun?rs on record. In Lou-!  don,  with  tho exception of a modest  sevent-hundrcdtiis of an inch, no rain  fell during the later part of May and  most of .Iiine,    while in the  west of  England, there was nn rainfall worth  noting   for two months.    In France a  veritable drought has been experienced.    If the  enormous number of big  guns in use in France have had any  effect at all on rain, it has  been  to  drive it away rather than bring it ���������  Montreal Herald.  Another story has been added to tha  imposing array of those told at the  expense of the newly-Hedged bachelors of arts, who have not found the  world as eager for their services as  they could wish. While waiting for  the manager to be at leisure, a young  job-hunter took occasion to converse  with. I lie office boy.  "Do you suppose there is an opening  here for a colleges -jradiia/o?" he ask-  cd.  "Will, dere will be." was the reply,  ������������������is' de boss don't raise me salary to  Free dollars a week by ter-morrer  night."  W. N.  U. 1066  To Be Borne in Mind  Every preacher, teacher, editor,  cruiiing speaker ought to impress  on the public tho plain fact that cv  one indulging in any form of expe  lure    not directly conducive    to  health and efficiency of himself  hiri  family,    is helping to "crab"  successful  conduct  of the  war.���������  Nil tion, London,  The pessimist was suffering from  rheumatism.  '���������Every bone in my body aches," he  complained.  '���������You ought to be glad you are not  a herring,'' said the optimist.  i  re-  uP-  ery-!  ndi-1  the  and I  the S  The !  "n*!! NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Not N������2.H.&  Used in French  Hospitals with  great success, cukes chronic wkakmess, lost vigor  ft VIM. KIDNKV. BLADDER, DISEASKS, BI.OOD PCI30N.  HLES. Ell'IIER NO. DRUOOISTSor MAI". 81. POST i CTi  roiJUKKA CO. 90. BREKMAM ST. N EW YOUK or LYMAN BROi  TORONTO. WRITE FOR FKKE BOOK TO DR. Lit CLIJtO  MED.CO. IlAVERSrOCKl'D,HAMPr.TBAD. LONDON. EHO.  tRY:iKWDI(AiiII������tTASTEI.r.R3)l'ORMOir    EASY  TO  TAtfl  THERAPION kb-sk���������  Kl THAT TRADE MARKED WORD "TIIEHAPION' 13 OW  ���������SIT. GOVT. STAUP AfrUSD TO ALL OtNUlMl f ACMT3.  Germany's Isolation  Practically Cut Off From Cable Communication With Outside World  At  the  outbreak    of the  war - Germany   had  eleven ���������-submarine -, cables  running in the west-   Five of these,  the most important, of all, landed at  Borkum.   ;T\vo  of tlie cables  ran  to  the -Azores   and   placed  Germany  in  communication      with     the     United  \ States; one went to Brest, another to  j .Vigo, and another to Teneriffe,  As these cables all passed through  the English Channel they lay .handy  at England's doors for demolition and  were promptly cut.  Between England and Germany  there were seven cables running, and  communication by these at once passed under control. Looking for an outlet oh the north, Germany might seek  to send and'receive messages through.  Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Holland, but such messages would land  in'England or France, and so fall under the eye of vigilant censors.  ��������� In'.the 'south-she. was equally unfortunate. The cables running east  and west in. the Mediterranean are  the property of the Eastern Telegraph  Company, a British concern, and land  on British soil. Should Germany  wish to telegraph to Africa she -would  find herself in the same dilemma���������  the necessity of her telegrams passing through British hands. She is  no better off if she. tries to telegraph  to India or China overland. There  are no lines she can use save such  as pass through Russia or India.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  "For the-making of billiard balls 500  elephants are needed "every yeaV,"  said the famous .big"game' hunter- in  his lecture on India.  "How strange," whispered Mrs. Win-  Some to the lady who sat next,."that  people can teach.such great beasts  to do such delicate-work."  Shackles For Roosters  In complying with the "swat tha  rooster" suggestion, many farmers  have been confronted -with the fight  problem. To deprive the male birda  of their mates and then put a bunch  of the burly fellows together in a pen  is liable to lead to'trouble. At Storr's  Agricultural College they have apparently solved the problem. Shackles  of coarse twine or small rope are used,  to overcome the fighting problem.  The several males have their feet tied  close enough to permit only an ordinary step, and prevent the extraordinary movements that accompany  the fighting. After a week's association the males have become familiar  with each other and the shackles may  be removed.  A man took his wife to a doctor,  who put a thermometer into her  mouth and told her to keep her mouth  shut for^two or three minutes. When,  departing the man tapped the doctor  on the shoulder and said:  "Doctor, what will,you take for that  thing?' I never saw my wife keep her  mouth shut so long "before."  the proper help to keep her digestion right and her.system  free from poisonous accumulations, is not troubled  with headaches, backache, languid feelings, unnatural    sufferings."-      AH    women    who     have     tried  know thi3 famous remedy to be the proper help for them. A  few doses will make immediate difference'^ and occasional use will  cause a permanent improvement in healths and strength. They  cleanse tho system and purify the blood and every woman who  relies on Beecham's Pills, not only enjoys., better physical  condition,   with    quieter   nerves   and   brighter  spirits,    but   she  Worth a Guinea a Box  Prepared onlyjiy Thoma9 Bcccham, St. Helens, Lancashire, England.  Sold everywhere in Canada and U. S. America.    In boxes, 25 cents.  '.'SECURITY FIRST"  Is  Your  Life   Insured?     Keep    Your     Policy    In     Fores  And Increase the Amount as Soon as Possible  If You're Not Insured, Make Application Today  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over Four Million Dollars Assets for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write     For   Memo. Book and Circular.  m,  PRAIRIE   HARVESTER   OIL  A most durable oil for binders, separators, disc plows  and farm machines of all kinds. It is heavy bodied,  yet free ruiinin(>;; takes up the play and saves wear.  Not affected by weather.  Standard Gas Engine Oil, an absolutely reliable  lubricant for all types of internal combustion engines  ���������cither gasoline or oil burning.  Capitol Cylinder Oil, manufactured especially for  the lubrication of steam tractor and stationary steam  engines*  Thresher Hard Oil, a high grade cup grease for  use on sep;irators and other farm machinery.  Eldorado Castor Oil, a heavy oil for farm machinery, especially adapted for loose-fitting and worn  bearings.  Ask for our lubricants in steel barrels equipped with  faucets���������the clean, economical method of handling  oils on the farm.  Branch Stations Throughout the Dominion  THE  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  Made In  Canada  \*tmn*j>  wmemmmrmmftmmwn THE    SUN,   GRAND   JFORKS,   B. C,  1/ v  .y-  CANADA IS TAKING LENGTHY  FORWARD STRIDES  W. W. Sutherland, in the Clay-Robinson Bulletin, Describes  the  Remarkable Exhibit of the Dominion at the Panama Pacific  Fair,, in which Wealth and Possibilites are Set Forth  No exhibit stands out with greater  prominence at the Panama-Pacific International Exposition at San Francisco than that of our northern neighbor, the Canadian Dominion. It. is a'  triumph; a marvel of elever arrangement, artistic housing'and of -comprehensive' display.' From the moment  you ascend the, steps: of the classic  building, simple'yet rich in its architecture, and pass between the great  guardian 'lions at the portal' until you  em orgs' from your 'inspection and  study, you are wonderfully impressed.  Canada 'rosy have been largely a name  to you, out when ydu have examined  the' products" and "resources depicted  tefcd displayed,; have digested the facts  ind figureslaid before you arid comprehended theventire interior of this  marvelous"'exhibit, you wake up,to the  fact that Canada is a country of tre-  mendous resoure'es," rernarkable development, and wears seven-league boots  in taking" forward strides; that her  great northwestern provinces are undergoing transition. Farms are springing out of the ranges; great herds giving way before the'\ inevitable march  of the settlers;': virgin soil being turned-on a thousand plains; railroads  piercing the hitherto unoccupied lands  to the northward; manufactures increasing;, more and larger elevators  rearing their structures for the housing of her grains. Her population increased from five millions in 1901 to  seven millions in 1911���������and is fifty-five  per cent, rural. She has 700,000 occupiers of land against 540,000 in 1901.  Her government is spending $10,000,-  000 in aid of agricultural instruction.  Her root and fodder crop last year  was valued at close to $200,000,000, representing nine million acres. The  value of1 her, field crops in 1913 was  $550,000,000, while the total value of  field, forest- fish, fruit, farm and. mineral production was a billion dollars.  Canada has live stock valued at  $700,000,000, and from the health  standpoint grades ninety per cent, of a  standard. In a decade her live stock  values have increased 150 per cent.  Both in 1912 .and":1913: James D. McGregor of'-Br'aiidLh,. Manitoba, was  awarded the grand.-: championship of  the International Live:'Stock Exposition at Chicago with in each case a  yearling Angus,- both yclept Glencar-  nock'"'"Victor.-- In the former,instance  the animal was sold for fifty cents a  pound, While,in the latter he,was returned to Canada by his owner. Two  successive victories of ;this";kind";"are  indeed worthy of note;  "There/is land enough in Canada, if  thoroughlv tilled, to'feed every mouth  In Europe"," said James J. -Hill- Thirty  per cent, of Canada's area is cultiv-  atable; that means 440 million acres,  but only 36 million acres are under  cultivation though' the .farm holdings  are three times that a'rea.Sh'ehas the  greatest pulpwodd resources of all the  world, 90 per. cent, of American.newspapers being printed on, paper made  from Canadian pulpwood. The biggest  consecutive wheat field in the world is  hers���������900 by.300 miles in extent, and  at Port Arthur there is the largest  grain elevator in the world, its capacity being ten million bushels. She has  her great irrigation projects as in this  country. The Canadian Pacific has 1,-  500 miles yet to do, representing an ir-  pleted in her Alberta project and 2,-  500 miels yet to do, representing an irrigable area of three million acres.  The great dam at Bassano was completed last spring, conserving enough  water for the irrigation of a million,  acres in Southern Alberta.  "Step to the left," says the guard as  you enter. That'in itself is a clever  thing. Everybody moves in the same  direction, and you are enabled to view  the exhibits both comfortably and consecutively. "Dawson City under a midnight sun," with shooting rays of violet and red and orange, the miniature  city showing a myriad of lights. Then  comes the panorama of the harbor of  Vancouver, showing what is going to  be in 1923>- when Canada will be sending to Europe through the Panama  Canal 300 million bushels ot grain at  :a .cheaper cost of transportation. "It is  Jbot our wheat growers who are migrating to the United States," they  Viaim quite the contrary. With the  Canadian Pacific lowering its grade  and big elevators being planned Vancouver has great expectations; not  dreams,     prophecies    possibly,     but  founded on substantial basis. A panoramic view of the great wheat belt  already referred to gives an excellent  idea of the general topography of this  vast region���������a body of land embracing 270,000; square miles. The Canadian government is ready to give  every adult, 160 acres of this .wheat  land, and with a.view of cultivating  shrubs and trees presents the settlers'  with the. seedlings. Since January,  1897, Canada has given" away 400,0UO  free homesteads of 160 acres each-rand has seven t:'"ies that amount yet  to give.; -.   "������������������ '  >.In the foreground of this picture are  miniature homes, "elevators, etc-, anl  tiny trains traversing back and forth  on their grain-carrying trade. And in  this picture there is real:wheat in the  foreground that meets the painted and  creates the illusio.. of a broad acreage  of growing grain.  An orchard scene is a picture that  causes the beholder to pause in wonder and admiratidn. On the canvas in  the background are trees heavily laden'.-'with apples; the pickers "are at  work on ladders, while on the ground  are: many apples lying both loose and  in boxes. Spread on, green matted  carpet that resembles the grass of the  field are quantities of apples and so  cleverely do these rest against the  canvas .and merge into the painted  pile that orie looks to see where the  real ends and the artificial begins. And  beside the painted boxes stand real  cases equally clever in execution and  arrangement. With it all there are  pyramids of bottled fruits and pretty arrangement in design of the aj>-.  pies and other fruits on the green carpet. '"."���������.:���������"   '..' '���������'."���������  s"'-' ,  There are mounted) duck, grouse,  foxes, elk, buffalo, domestic and wild  game of which, of course, Canada has  great abundance. They are depicted as'  nearly in their natural habitats as the  skill of both artists and taxidermists  could devise. Tribute is paid the buf-  falo,(for to the roaming cf these herds  over vast areas is,credited.the present  fertility of the -soil: through their' fertil-..  izalion. -You ��������� see-'/buffalo; from-tlie  Peac'e'River/a thousaud.miles north '.of'  the "United State's"bou'ndry iineywliere  once they'roved imcoiintless numbers,  and which is ; how: ione of the; finest  wheat growing" sections; of- ;the. e'e-uh-.  try. And there are /mounted speci-.  mens of the wilder game, bears ��������� arid  mountain lions in their native haunts.  Here is shown in a sportsments resort  in Britsh Columbia, tho snow-capped  mountains, on canvas, out of which,  comes a stream that meets real water  in that' inost clever blending- of tho  real and artificial, that is so much a  part of this '.exhibition."'..An eagle with  widespread' Wings, hovers over the  scene, suspended by a, nearly invisible  wire; bears are emerging from tree  and rocky crevice, and :tlie busy beaver is depicted in his hutbuilding and  dam-constructing operations. In this  scene you see the. beaver painted,  mounted, and in the life, for on a ledge  were huddled in sweet repose three of  those little brown-red fellows who had  travelled thirteen days to be present  at the ceremony, while beside them on  a real beaver-built hut sat two others,  mounted but qirte as life-like as their  sleepy brothers in the flesh.- As far  back as 1670 the'beaver was adopted  as Canada's trade mark (as typifying  energy and ingenuity) on the recommendation of Governor Frontenac to  the King of France.���������  The corridors of this building contain cases in which are seen samples  of Canada's many minerals, gold, silver, coal, etc., and of her grains,  grasses, fruits, etc. There are many  pictures and transparencies depicting  farm and other scenes, illustrating developing in grain raising, live stock  breeding, diarying, and on the supporting posts are 'heads of deer, elk,  moose, antelope and buffalo- The ceilings are in white discs with red borders, while festoons of grain���������woven  ropes, terminating in bell designs���������  are suspended from the cornices, being here and' there relieved by clusters of flags held together in shield  form by the Canadian seal. In one of  tlie corridors are some excellent portraits in oil of thrir majesties the  King and Queen of Great Britain and  of a number of Canada's governors  and higher officials: McDonald, Dry-  den, Laurier, etc.  Farm Trade Totals  $50,000,000 Yearly  1���������" ������  Products     Carried     in     International  Commerce   Reach   This   Great  Figure, is  Estimate  The farmer's part in international  commerce approximates $5,000,000,000  annually- Statistics" just issued'by  V the U.S. department of agriculture  give the following estimates of the  value of principal farm products carried in .international trade���������that is,  the total exports from all countries or  imports   into   all  countries.  Cotton, $1,127,000,000; wheat and  flour, $774,000,000; raw wool, ?1S0,-  000,000; hides und skins, $392,000,-  000; coffee, $386,000,000; sugar, $382,-  000.000: rice, $278,000,000; barley and  ma'it, $220,000,000; com and meal,  $210,000,000; unmanufactured tobacco,  $192,000,000; butter, $173,000,000; tea,  $143,000,000; rye and flour, $125,000,-  000, and oats, $102,000,000.  Automatic Shell Feeder  Moving Staircase Used to Feed German Guns  The Germans have now devised an  automatic shell-feeding system for 8  and 17-inch guns. An endless chain,  on the principle of a moving staircase,  carries the shells to the guns through  an underground passage from the ammunition depot some distance in the  rear. Once the range is found, the gun  is loaded and fired automatically, control being exercised by officers from  an armored observation post. Rapidity  of fire and increased accuracy are  claimed for the hew device, which also embraces a novel use of the periscope for aiming purposes.  An old colored man remarked with a  sigh the other day as he was reeling  up his line: "Ev'buddy dat goes fish-  in' don't ketch fish, no mo' dan ev'buddy dat goes to church gets religion."  -, New 'Germany  Downfall    oil7 ' Hohenzbllern    Dynasty  Will Result in Liberation of the  German People  In an article prepared for the  Seven Seas, the magazine of the  Navy League of the United States,  Perry Belmont predicts the downfall  of the German Imperial government,  which he describes as "modernized  feudalism, heir in form and spirit to  the despotism, of the iniquitous Holy  Alliance." The title of tfie article is  "The Monroe Doctrine." This notable policy, Mr. Belmont declares, has  become the universal expression of  the aspirations of all free governments. :-  Mr. Belmont characterizes the Ger-  i".an empire as a "federated union of  states, in form only self-governing, of  which the economic system is in form  only democratic."    He continues:  "The ��������� whole industrial, intellectual,  ami; commercial life of the, German  people is subordinate;to the reactionary influence of the Hohenzoilern dynasty and the military autocracy, whose  feudalism is modernized in so/far as  to necessary to maintain it's authority  and enable it to mould all Germany  into an efficient war,machine; A successful war might prolong" the existence of such a system." Unsuccessful  war will mean its downfall; It will  also'mean a triumphant liberation of.  the spirit and genius of the. German  people from the yoke of Prussian absolutism."     ' -. v .'' "���������";  "When millions of men returning  frombattles and disastrous campaigns  realize the futility of the efforts into  which thsy have been led against  liberty-loving nations, free institutions  and the republicanism of Europe, they  'will-.be found in revolt against a government based upon the theory of the  Divine right." ��������� " -������������������;-���������-'���������-������������������������������������;-  The J.-oni-oe Doctrine, says Mr. Belmont, was democracy's answer to the  challenge of absolutism of the Holy  Alliance- The doctrine, he says,: is  one of the most vital issues before the  American people." He adds that, as  the world is constantly growing smaller in a political sense, the enforcement of this traditional policy is more  essential today than when first proclaimed;  ���������ft  Teaching" Patriotism  Good Work  of Rural  School. Teacher  in Saskatchewan.,  - Sbmew'here in- northeastern Saskatchewan ; stands ia: little'sclioolhouse'  hidden 'from View; byjlthe thick woods  which .surround it arid- threaten to encroach' 6n;the small space: cleared for  the 'school ���������grourids, says . the Public  Service Monthly, Reginar The settle-  merit is an 'Austrian one.and at 8.30  every..morning abouV 25 little foreign  born boys and girls, make their way  along the-'rails;that converge at the  school. At the.door;they are met by  tlie teacher, a young Ontario Yuan who  has spent several summers teaching  among foreign-speaking people. He  shakes hands with each child and his  kind'inquiries and remarks indicate  that he has an intimate knowledge ot"  the character and home life of'each..  Air the children 'then'wash their  hands arid faces and comb their hair,  the teacher,assisting-, the little tots,  and it is evident that t}ie sweet-smelling soap and clean towels are very  much appreciated. At the ringing of  a'-bell the 'children march to their  positions beside their seats and sing  all together, "Father, ��������� we thank  Thee," after which all heads are bowed and the "Lord's Prayer' is reverently recited in English. After this  the "flagman" of the day���������a lad of  nine���������takes his place at the door with  a large Union Jack and the children  file past him and form a circle round  the old poplar tree which serves as  a.flagstaff. Two hoys pull the flag  up while all heartily sing the first  verse of "God Save the King." It is  now time to begin the work of the  d~y, arid the children march into  school with happy hearts to wrestle  with the difficulties of the three R's.  "God Save the King." Yes, and  long live such noble-hearted teachers  as this young man in the little rural  school.  To Study Lumber Industry  U.S. Commission Will  Co-opr?.te With  two Bureaus in Inquiry Into  Conditions  The U.S. federal trade commission  has announced it would co-operate'  with the forest service and the bureau  of foreign and domestic commerce in  a complete study of the lumber industry, both in the United States and in  foreign countries.  "Conditions in the lumber trade  have changed, due in part to the widespread use of other structural materials than wood," the commission said  in a statement issued recently.  "Lumbermen are confronted with  many problems, often not fully understood by them and seldom appreciated  by the public. Much can be accomplished by ascertaining the facts and  putting them before the people with  the authority of a fair and unbiased  investigation. It is the purpose of the  study to find practicable and constructive suggestions looking to the improvement of the present conditions."  Mr. Bowen was having dinner with  Reillys, and the seven-year-old son of  the family was present.  "And what are going to be when  you grow up, young man?" asked Mr.  Bowen of the little boy.  "Well," replied the boy, thoughtfully, "after I've been a minister to  please mother, an' a judge to please  father, I'm going to he a policeman."  CANNOT IN HALF A CENTURY  REGAIN HER PLACE  Prominent  American  Contributes   a   Scathing Denunciation   of  the  Attitude of   Germany   in Fomenting a  World  War  For Which There was no Excuse or Justification  What the verdict of the American  people is upon this war has never  been more forcibly stated than by  S..muel Harden Church, president of  the Carnegie Institute, Pittsburg, and  it is worth while to review the article  he wrote in response to the famous  appeal of the 93 German professors  ���������and scientists which was addressed to'  the neutral world some months ago.  These professors asserted in the first  place that Germany.wanted peac.e, and  that the violation of Belgium's neutrality was not to be charged to her,  but rather to Britain and Franc;,  which had previously arranged to invade Belgium, in their march upon  Gem-any, with . Belgium's consent.  They appealed to the shades of all  the great Germans in the past to support them: when they swore that the  ���������'war upon G erraatiy'.. part was a war of  defence, and that the Fatherland was:  the victim of a conspiracy to blot her  out of the number of the great nations.  President Church acknowledges the  debt the world owes to the great dead  Germans of the past; but he finds it  .difficult to believe that the illustrious men who signed the German  appeal have, read the official documents. How could they say that the  war was forced upon G ermany in  face of the admission of the imperial  chancellor, who admitted in the  Reichstag that in violating, Belgian  neutrality Germany was committing a  wrong,'.which:would-be made good as  soon as Germany's military goal had  been reached? Later' he said: "Necessity forced us to violate the neutrality of Belgium, but we had promised : eniphatically to compensate  that country for ajl damage inflicted."  In the face of these official announcements, is it to insult the intelligence  of readers or, hearers to say that Germany did not violate Belgium's neutrality, or that she did so only after  the allies had done so?  Answering the assertion of his correspondent that Germany did not begin the war, President Church uses,  these -'.memorable., words:. -  " "If, G'sBmariy is riot.guilty,' then',-, in  God's name, w'l.y'are our armies An  Belgium? -.-��������� Why cVc they.' in France?;  If you.had waited.'until you had been  attacked,'you would...never have found  your "nation at;.war;J- Your - "imperial,  chancellor says :that-you. have.vio-  lated, international law ami that you'  will endeavor, to;iur.ke good the wrong  you' - are committing. ' - Why, all the  "gold you could give to France and  Belgium in a thousand years, and all  the penitential prayers you could utter in every hour of a thousand years,  together v/ith the contrition of ;.  shariied and broken heart", would not  repair your ruin of two nations by  fire and slaughter, nor dry up', the  ocean    of human tears .'which    have  accompanied your hideous /invasion.  People sometimes ask us: 'Would you  rather have the Slav than the German? And the reply is always to  the same effect: 'Yes, since we have  seen^the German at war, we would  rather have the Slav, rather the Turk,  rather the Hottentot.'"  In the opinion of President Church,  who has visited Germany, the war began: potentially 25 years ago, when  the Kaiser ascended the throne, proclaimed himself Supreme, War Lord  and proceeded'to prepare his nation  for war. His own .children; were raised from.the; cradle to consider them-  selvessSoldiers; "and here in America  we' know even.,his1 daughter" only by  her photograph Lv a colonel's- uniform." The man 'wearing "the Kaiser's uniform became at once a member of an exclusive class. A waiter  questioning a score with a drunken-officer was stabbed to the heart, his uniform making a good defence. A man  in humble station who sought to greet  with familiar appror.ch a soldier now  in officer's uniform was killed for his  impudence, the murderer even writing  a letter to his victim's mother justifying the crime. "I have myself,"  says President Church, "seen German  officers elbow gentlewomen on the  street to make more room for themselves. I have seen others of them  raise their glasses to the day. when  they would be at war."  Another paragraph in the reply of  Dr. Church to his German correspondent is worth quoting in full, for it  expresses, as he declares, the opinion  of the great masses of the American  people: ���������-.-'"  "And so, at last, vwe find ourselves  shocked, ashamed and outraged that  a Christian nation should be guilty  of this criminal war. When I say  that we hateHhis conflict and that  we execrate the German militarists  who made.it, I am uttering the opinion of: the , great majority of the  American people, including hundreds  of thousands of our German-American citizens. There was no justification for 'it. ;��������������������������� Armed;'-, and ;defended as  you were,:the whole;Svorld could'never  have broken" into your- borders.'1: And  wliile German'; "culture still' has* something to gain from/her neighbors, yet  .the intellectual' progress ' which Germany 'was' making' seemed to be lifting up; her own . people" ".to ' -better  things for; themselves arid ;tp an altruistic service to mankind. Your great  nation;floated its ships'in every ocean,  sold its wares'in the'uttermost parts  of the earth, -and' enjoyed' the good  favor of humanity, because it was  trusted, as a human state. But now  all this achievement; has vanished,  all this good opinion has been destroyed. ' Yrdu cannot in half a century regain the spiritual and material   benefits   which   you  have   lost."  Rural School Children of Ontario Engage in Patriotic Work  One 'hundred thousand bushels of  potatoes, grown by rural school children of Ontario, are to be sold to increase the war fund,- says the Can-,  adian Countryman.  That is the advertisement that will  be .displayed to Toronto consumers  this fall. Perhaps there will be far  more *than the specified number of  bushels. One hundred thousand is a  conservative estimate. But what there  are the children will have grown for  no reward but the inward sense of  approval which comes from unselfish  giving.  And thereby hangs a tale.  In every school in the province  taking part in school fair work an  offer will be made to the children  that, judging by their past record,  will be accepted eagerly. A quantity  of seed potatoes will be given each  one desiring it sufficient to plant a  plot two rods by one in dimensions.  Prizes will be awarded upon care of  plot, quality and -quantity of crop, as  in other classes upon tlie prixe list.  In the fall the potatoes from each  township will be taken to central  points in tlie various counties, and  will be shipped to Toronto. There  the crop will be advertised as War  Fund Potatoes, and will be sold as  such. The proceeds will be turned  over by the department of agriculture to aid the soldiers.  Last year over *J0,000 pupils of  rural fairs grew crops or made collections of various kinds under tlie  direction of the^ district representatives. The numlKM- will be greatly increased this year. From these figures an idea of the extent of the work  may be gained, an-', the quantity of  potatoes to be produced may be calculated.  But the greatest benefit to be derived from this patriotic feature of  production will not come from the  money secured from the sale of potatoes. That will help, and if Kitchener  be not wrong in his analysis of the  war situation, will be needed.  But the greatest good will come to  the children themselves. To labor in  a great and good cause, to give unselfishly for the public weal���������these  are the principles which must be  taught,   and   practical   experience   is  the. best teacher. Such work will  tend to develop traits, of character  that are the foundation upon which  true co-operation rests, and which  lead to improved social and economic  conditions.  It will mean more to the right sort  of child to produce something for the  sake ot the empire than to win a  money prize. It is a step in the right  direction.  The West Expanding  Prairie Acreage and Railway Construction Figures  The great importance of railway-  construction in the prairie provinces  is strikingly depicted in a report recently published with respect to progress in this regard in Saskatchewan  during the past ten years.  Practically 3,500 ' miles of railway  were constructed during the decade  from 1905 to' 1915. Of this, the  greater proportion was built in an  easterly and westerly direction, that  in a northerly and southerly direction  being composed mainly of branch  lines', built as feeders for the main  lines.  "Measured in terms of acreage," the  report declares, "the possibilities suggested by this increased railway mileage are striking. Taking the increase,  in round numbers, to have been 11,500  miles, and fixing the distance on each  side of the line for profitable farming  at ten miles, a total increase of area  has been made available for occupation under conditiens of advantage  amounting to almost 45,000,000 acres.  Probably not more than one-fourth of  this is as yet under cultivation, but  each year will see more of this area  tilled, with proportijnate increase in  the grain yield consequen'. thereupon."  A Paradox For the Farmer  In some localities land has doubled  in value in the last decade- Where  this is true the farmer must make his  land produce just twice as much in  order to realize the same profit. If  he does not do this he is getting poorer instead of richer, although bis land  is worth more.  "What does 'MCMXIV spell?" aaked  the man who was looking at the calendar.  "I dunno," replied the man who was  looking into space.  "New dance, I suppose. Some variation of the maxixe-" THE   SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  OF THE CITY  The Victoria Times has the following to say of a former Grand  Forks boy: The news of Corporal  (Jarleton Haningtoti's promotion to  a lieutenancy has caused much satisfaction here, especially in view of  the fact that it was the reward of  merit. Lieut. Hanington, although  young in years, is a veteran in ex-  perenco. He fought at St. Julien,  Hill 60 and other battles in which  the Canadians took part, and, it is  pleasing to know that his advance-  merit is clue to his creditable con  duct in trials which test the character of men as no'hing else can. The  incident reminds us, too, that the  practice of promoting from the ranks  to olhcers' commissions is becoming  more widely recognized, and as the  war drags on merit will be generally  accepted as the only true qualifica  tion for advancement. . . -  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FEEE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try it!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  ��������� of Danderine.  If yen ca-.-o for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is radiant with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is  fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle ot  dandruff. You. can not have nice-  heavy, healthy hair ��������� if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a fovorishncss and itching of  tho scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Kr.owlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it  See Our Window  Display ror Values  MacDougall &  MacDonald  When You cTHeet  We Old Folks on  Thanksgiving  i  We claim we have  better values than  any other store in  town  Immigration Inspector I\ T.-M--  Callum is taking his annual vacation at present He is relieved by  Mr. McCall, of Vancouver.  And all- the. relatives and old friends, they are going'to look you over with care if your  clothing is smart and down to date and snappy in appearance. ��������� You will note an ap-  " "' i-'-1-1- '   Jl   '  -     ,       .      , ��������� .el  proving-twinkle in their eyes; you will make others happier by wearing new apparel  on the Thanksgiving Day. Come tomorrow and choose it from our very large selections of Men's Furnishings.    They.include such as the followinti':-  Ttie concert given in the fire hall,  Columbia,   Tuesday     evening,    by  some of the members   of tho   Pres  byterian choir, was a   decided   sue  cess,     livery    number on   the   pro  gram was well received    and    much  appreciated by the audience.  Thomas Frarer, of the army service corps, Vernon, vi-itorl his  cousin, Edna Traunweiser, in this  citv this week.  Harvest Thanksgiving will be observed on Sunday, October 10, at  tue Methodist,church, which will  bti suitably decorated. Special  music is being arranged for, and in  the evening a song service will be  given.  For S ile���������All my household fur  niture; also ii.cubatnr and -hrooder  At a sacrifice. Apply H N. Morri  son, wi-st of greenhouses.  VASES Ob*:? DSiWDlx.VF'F,  HAIR STOPS. FALLING  :ave your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  stops itching scalp.  b\ \V. Peters, general superintendent of the British Columbia division of the Canadian Pacific railway,  passed through the city on Tuesday.  The Independent Company of  Rifles now has 49 members. During the past week T. B. Cave and  \V. E. Hadden have been promoted  to sergeants,, and P. Lekicb and A.  Symes to corporals. ���������  All the members of the Independent Company of Rifles went up to  the Greenwood fair today.  J.Thompson, of  Phoenix, visited  the fair on Wednesday.  Thf-i, brittle, colorless and scraggy  lair is muto evidence of a neglected  Jcalp;   o������ daiiilriiff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  lie hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair  ���������l" its lustre, its strength and its very  ':fe;   eventually producing a feverish-  r.ess and itching of the scalp,  which  if not remedied causes the hair roof  to  shrink,   loosen   and   die���������then   tr  hair falls out fast.   A little Dander'  tonight���������now���������any   time;���������will   s"-  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent rjottle of Knowlton's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you wili just try a little Danderine. ���������    Save   your   hair!    Try   it!  E.W.Barrett  o4uctioneer  Sells Anything, Any-    .  where,   Any    Time.  Stocks a Specialty  GRAND   FORKS, B. C.  wear  That sets off a well dressed man when he wears one  of MacDougall & MacDonald's Neckties, See the  pretty lines; all colors and styles.  Prices 25c, 35c, 50c/75c, $1.00  anfcsgiving Hats and Gaps  Men, our line of Hats and" Caps is complete. No  well dressed man can afford- to go around with an  -old hat when a new one makes such a difference.  Caps���������Prices 05c, 85c -$1.00, 1.25, 1.50.  Hats���������Prices $1.75, 2.00, 2.50, 3.00.  Thanksgiving Gloves  Men, have you seen our assortment of  dress gloves, silk lined, also wool; all  sizes.    Prices 35c, $1.25, 2.25.  Thanksgiving Shirts  Men, call and see the natty lino of shirts  we are showing in all sizes and oattorns.  ��������� Prices 75c, S5c, $1.00, 1.25, 1.50  Call.and see the swell line of Shoes we are showing in  tans  and   black'  all widths and styles; -ill sizes.  6.00 a pair.  See the beautiful line of Underwear we  All sizes and p.iices.  Prices, $3.25, 3.75, 4.00, 4.50, 5.00, 5.50.  wool,  fleece and cotton  are  showing in  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone" Office  Bridge Street  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old   ���������  stand on Bridge street, and will, manufacture  \Tm_. H������Hrt������kr.o &nd  do  all kinds  of  lN.eW Ham eSS haniess repairing. All.   .  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Free  "On the Field of Honor"  The publishers of The Family  Herald and Weekly Star, Montreal,  are making a strong bid for that  beautiful pictuje, full of pathos, entitled "On the Field of Hon'or." ft is  assumed the publishers "of the Family Herald have in mind using it as a  presentation plate. If that is so there  is a great treat in store for readers  'of The Family Herald and Weekly  Star this autumn.  EnMist vears The  Men, buy your Thanksgiving needs  at McDougall ifc McDonald's. See  the beautiful line of nackwear. shirts,  undearwear, hosiery, shoes, lu-its and  caps'and suits.  Family Herald of Montreal has bee  noted not only for the wonderful ex  cellence of that paper hut for   many  beautiful pictures  it   has   presented  to its readers.    The  Family   Herald  has   a   name for succeeding in anything it undertakes, and wp feel sure  if   it   is   humanly, possible''to secure  ' On the Field   of   Honor" that   the  publishers will succeed in getting iti  "On the FHrl of Honor' is   attract-       The Sun costs only Si a year.     It  ing widespread ���������Ut'-.ntion in -Europe [ prints all the news.  . Accept no substitutes, but get Unoriginal���������The Grand Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints the news of the  city and district first.  O.  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  We  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     Porrioge Oats  "     Ferina  raham  "      WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN  DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  !YFi  f  TO,  If you have a few hundred  or a few thousand doHars  that is idle, you can put it to  work earning-you good inter-'  est by placing: a Money to  Loan Ad. in our - Classified  Want Columns.  People with gilt-edge collateral often require ready  cash and will pay good interest for it. Put your money  to work.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  A CAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at a  close  price  for cash or approved credit.  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  (f-nf) l'KB ACRE-Theold ('ruhnm ranch of  vP^V/ 312 acres, at Cascade, ciin lie purchased lit $20 pur nere, if taken at once. W.  Iv. Ksiintr owner, Rossluiul, B. <'.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDHHS WANTKD as agents for our hijjh  trr-icic bicycles- Write for low price's to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCI.K WORKS, VICTORIA, B.C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE  your   repairs  to   Arnison, shoo   repairer.    Tho   Hub.    Look  for  the   Bier  Boot.  English  3-Speed  Gear   and  Sthe    High-Grade    Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Oarage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stocky  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboer S  ind   Main  Sts.,  Forks,  B. C.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES mild for old Stoves  and   Ranges.    K. C. Pccklmni,   -Secondhand Store  FOR RENT-HOUSES  pOOIJ   five room  house: two   block'.1)   from  ">   post office.   Apply this office.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with   special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right,  We SUN PRINT SHOP  lUJMlUNIIIinHIIUtHiai  inanaamwsmm


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