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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 27, 1914

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 Kettle Valley Orchardist  i!i  FOURTEENTH YEAR-.No. 5  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27, 1914  $1.00 PER YEAR  IEEIING OF THE  CITY GOUNCI  "Mayor4 Gaw and, Aid. Bonthron-  Henniger, - Manly ' and" McCallum  -   were present .at the regular meeting  of tbe city council on Monday evening.      'I  A -letter was read from W. O.  Miller, .district .superintendent of  the CP.R , stating that the council'a  cjmnau'nication in reference to a  subway at the Winnipeg avenue  crossing bad been referred to the  officials of the road. Received and  filed.   . *~     -  Secretary Hull, of the Grand  Forks school-board, in a letter to the  c mncil,' stated that, in compliance  with the-request of the council, the  board had decided to exercise all  possible economy during- the com-,  ing winter, and that on the first of  January a reduction .of 10 per cent  inthe salaries of teachers would be  made.  The city, health officer "reported  .that' an' indigent patient bad been  received at the Cottage hospital. It  developed, in the discussion on., the  case, that the man had vacated,the  hospital the day .after.his admit-  - tance. ���������    , .  W.'   M.   DeCew  and  Dr.   Acres  visited  the "councils a .delegation-  -, from the board of trade, and   urged  that the council send and defray the  expenses of a deputation of one to  Victoria   to   urge   upon   our local  member- and    other    government  officials the necessity ol Ihe government carrying on some public-work  in this" vicinity this   winter in order  to  give   employment   to  the   idle  workmen in the city.    Mr.   DeCew  stated that districts whose industries  had   not. been   affected by the war  had secured advances on  the coming year's appropriations for public  works,   and  it  was  his' belief that  Grand Forks, where   the   war   had  caused a suspension of   the  mining  and smelting industries,had a more  valid claim for such.an advance. He  suggested  -that   Mayor  Gaw be selected as  the   delegate. -Dr.   Acres  stated   that   the  people of Cascade  were sending a deputation  to   Victoria on the same errand.    He  said  .there was a great deal of road   work  in the environments of the city that  could be done this winter.  The mayor and aldermen thought  _ the suggestion made by Messrs. DeCew and Acres was a good one, and  that if the-Victoria government could  be induced to act along these lines,  the city government would be relieved, to a considerable   extent,   of  a burdensome responsibility; but  they were disinclined to act hastily,  with duly informing themselves as  to the probability of the success of  the mission before incurring the expense of the deputation, and therefore they decided to postpone action  in the matter until an adjourned  meeting Friday afternoon. In the  meantime they will endeavor to ascertain to what extent the deputations from other cities have met  with suceess.  Aid. Bonthron, chairman of the  board of works, reported that the  rock work on the streets had been  completed and the outfit housed for  the   winter.    About   1200 loads of .leaders   may   be  read  crushed   rock   had  been hauled on  Loudon Daily Express.  the streets. He suggested' that tbe  council tender-Road Superintendent  Spraggett and the provincial government a vote of thanks for the use of  the rock crusher. He had interviewed Divisional Superintendent  Miller, of tbe C.P.R., regarding a  subway at theWmnipeg avenue crossing. Mr.'Miller had given him the  impression"that the officials "of the  road would* not entertain the project at present, as they claimed the  work would cost about $30,000. In  lieu of a subway, and in view of the  fact that the trestle wpuld soon have  to be rebuilt, Mr. Bonthron thought  it would be advisable to ascertain  what a fill could be made for. - As  near as he-could figure it out, the  fill would not cost over 82000, and  it would take fully that amount to  rebuild the trestle. In order that  a more accurate estimate".of the  cost of the fill be obtained, he suggested that tenders for the work he  called for. A great deal of the.work  .could be done this winter.  On motion of Aid. Bonthron and  Manly, the clerk was authorized to  thank Road Superintendent Spraggett for the use of the rock crushing  outfit.  ��������� -.On motion of Aid. Bonthron and  Manly, the clerk, was instructed to  advertise for tenders for a fill.at the  Winnipeg avenue crossing.  The city clerk submitted a detailed report of the proportionate  cost to the city and the property  owners for the construction ,of the.  cement eidewalks'on Miner and Ida  avenues, on tbe west side of Sixth  stieet, and for two or three new  plank walks.  The clerk was authorized to secure legal advise' regarding the correct interpretation of the .1914  amendment {- lo the Municipal  Clauses act respecting the qualification of municipal voters.  The council then adjourned till  Friday afternoon, when the ques  tion of sending a deputation to Vic  toria will be disposed of...-  E  S  (Special Correspondence of The Sun.)  Mr. and Mrs. Lewis Johnson paid  a visit to Grand Forks this week.  Frank McFarlane, the contractor,  was a visitor to Gloucester on Monday.  Two shifts are now being worked  in the lower tunnel at the Union  mine.  Fred Reid and Mike Quinlivan, of  Grand Forks, are ��������� deer hunting in  Franklin camp this week.  Deer hunting is now good in the  vicinity of Gloucester, James Galloway, of Grand Forks, getting three  fine ones this week.  Five new cabins have been built*  in the vie nity of Gloucester this  fall by prospectors who will develop  their mining claims this winter.  That Franklin camp is rapidly recovering from the set-hack it received at the outbreak of the war is  evident from the fact that stage service to the camp, which was for a  shorty time laid off, has now been  resumed by Mr. Funkley, whose  stage now meets the Kettle Valley  train at Lynch Creek every Wednesday at 9-30a.m. for all points on  the North Fork.  The Invincible Allies  JOF  FRE  FRE  NCH  A remarkable ctincidenoe in which  the names���������of the French and  British  both Mays.���������  The annual  show of  the   Grand  Forks Poultry andJPe't Stock association was held in the cannery   building on Wednesday and Thursday of  this week, and it proved a great success.    In number the exhibits were  equal to any  seen at former shows,  while as regards the quality  of  the  birds a   marked  improvement   was  noticeable.    The show demonstrated  the fact that the poultry raising  industry is   making   rapid progress in  this   valley.   .The, competition  for  the prizes was keen, and the attend  ance of the public   was   large.     R  Wilson acted as judge.    The follow  ing   exhibitors     were   winners   of  prizes:  Dark Cornish Indian Game���������1st  cock; 1st, 2nd and 3rd lieu, J. W.  Harris, Grand Forks.    ,  Houdans���������1st, 2nd and '3rd cock;  1st, 2nd and 3rd hen; 1st, 2nd and  3rd cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet;  1st pen. T. Bowen, Grand Forks.  S. C. White Leghorns���������1st cock;  1st, 2nd and 3rd hen; 1st, 2nd and  3rd cockerel; 1st and 2nd pullet; 1st,  2nd and 3rd pen,'T. Bowen, Grand  Forks. Third pullet, Mrs. Bryenton,  Grand Forks.  S. C. Buff Leghorus���������1st cock, 3rd  hen, 1st and 2nd cockerel, C.C. Heaven, Grand Forks.  -.-S.C. Black.Mjnorcas���������1st,- 2nd and  3rd hen; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet; 1st  2nd and 3rd coekerel; 1st and 2nd  pen, J. T. Lawrence, Grand Forks.  Third pen, R. Malm, Grand Forks.  S. U .Buff Orpingtons���������1st cock,  1st hen, VV. Liddicoat, Grand Forks;  2nd cock, 2nd and 3rd hen, Chas.  Ruckle, Grand Forks; 1st cockerel. 1st  2nd and 3rd pullet, 1 pen, O. G.  Dunn, Grand Forks.  Black Orpingtons���������1st, 2nd and  3rd cock; 1st, 2nd and 3rd hen; 1st,  2nd and 3rd cockerel: 1st, 2nd 3rd  pullet; 1st pen, VV. Liddicoat, Grand  Forks.  White Orpingtons���������1st  cock,   2nd  cockerel, 1st aud 2nd pullet, 2nd pen,  VV, Liddicoat, Grand Forks; 2nd cock,  1st 2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen, E.   E  VV. Mills, Grand Forks.  White Rocks���������1st- cock, 1st and  2nd hen, 2nd cockerel, 3rd pullet, 1st  and 3rd pen, A. S McKim, Grand  Forks; 2nd cock. 3rd hen, 1st cooker-  el, 1st and 2nd pullet, 2nd pen, J A  McCallum, Grand Forks.  R. C. Reds���������1st and 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen; 1st, 2nd and 3rd  cockerel; lsc, 2nd and 3rd pullet; 1st,  2nd and 3rd pen, A. D. Moirison,  Grand  Forks.  y. C. Reds���������1st and 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen; 1st, 2nd arid 3rd  cockerel; 2nd and 3rd pullet; 1st, 2nd  and 3rd pen, T. Bowen, Grand Forks.  First pullet, J. T. Lawrence, Grand  Forks.  White Wyandottes���������1st cock, 2nd  and 3rd hen, 2nd cockerel, 2nd pullet,  Mrs. K. Morrison, Grand Forks; 2nd  cock, 1st hen, 1st cockerel, 1st pen,  E. E. W. Mills; 3rd cockerel, 1st pullet, E. F. Laws,   Grand   Forks;  2nd  Best Pen White Rocks���������Dunlop Cup, by Diiulop Tire &. Rubber Goods Co., Ltd., "Vancouver. Won  1911 by E. E. VV. Mills, Grand Forks;  1912-13 by A. S. McKim, Grand  Forks; 1914 by A. S. McKim, Grand  Forks.  Best White Wyandottes���������Can  adian Cup, by Canadian Consoli  dated Rubber Co., Ltd., Vancouver.  Won_19ll by Mrs. "W. B. Cochrane,  Grand Forks; 1912-13 by' R. W.  Someiville, Trail; 1914 by E, E. W.  Mills. Grand Forks.  Best Pen Rhode Island Reds, S. C.  ���������Leo Mader Cup. Won 1912-13 by  T. Bowen, GrandForks; 1914 by T.  Bowen, G-iand Forys.  Best Pen Rhode Island Reds, R. C.  ���������Moving Picture Cup, by Cosgrove  & McAstocker. Won 1912-13 by A.  D. Morrison, Grand Forks; 1914 by  A. D. Morrison, Grand Forks.  Best PenB uff Orpingtons���������Mc-  Innes Cup,- by N. L. Mclnnes &  Co., Grand Forks. Won 1911 by T.  J. Nopp, Chesaw; 1912.by J. A. Mc  Callum, Grand Forks; 1913 by O. G.  Dunn, Grand Forks; 1914 by C. G.  Dunn, Grand Forks.  Best Pen White Orpingtons���������  Mann Drug Cup. Won 1912 by  J Koliuar, Trail; 1913 by T. Bowen,  Grand Forks; 1914 by E. E. VV. Mills,  Grand Forks.  Best Pen Black Orpiugtons���������  Standard Silver Plate Cup, by-  Standard Silver Plate Co.. Toronto.  Won   1912   by   T. J. Nopp, Chesaw;  1913 by W. Liddicoat, Grand  Forks;  1914 by. VV. Liddicoat, Grand   Forks.  * Best Pen Black   Minorcas, S C.���������  Don    Manly   Cup,   bv   Don Manly,  Grand Forks.     Won 1912 by  J.   A.  McCallum, Grand Forks; 1913 by  R.  Malm,   Grand   Forks;   1914 by J. T.  Lawrence, Grand Forks.  Best  Pen     Houdans���������Mills  Cup,  bv K E.   W.--Mills,   Grand Forks.  Won   1912-13  by T. Bowen,    Grand  Forks;  1914   by   T.    Buwen, Graud  Forks.  Best Cockerel in Show. White Rock  W Winnipeg   Hotel   Cup.     Won 1911  by T.  J.-.Nopp,  Chesaw; 1912   by T.  Bowen, Grand Forks; 1913  by R. VV.  Somerville, Trail; 1914   by J. A. McCallum, Grand Forks.  Best Cock iu Show,S.C. Red���������Model  Livery Barn Cup. Won 1911 by T.  Bowen, Grand Porks; 1912 bv T. J.  Nopp, Chesaw* 1913 -bv VV. Liddicoat, Grand Forks; 1914 by T.  Bowen, Grand Forks.  Best Cock, Hen, Cockerel and  Pullet in Show���������The Ellis Cup,  by the Ellis Co., Toronto. Won 1912  by A. S. McKim, Grand Forks; 1913  not awarded; 1914 by J A. McCallum, Grand Forks.  Best Utility Pen in Show���������Mayor's  Cup, by Mayor R Gaw. Won 1912-13  by T. Bo well, Grand Forks; 1914 by  J. A. McCallum  Best Pen White Leghorns, S C.  ���������McKim Cup, by A S. McKim  Won 1912-13 by T. Bowen, Grand  Forks; 1914 by T. Bowen, G.iand  Forks.  PROGRESS OF  ' El  METEOROLOGICAL  pen, R. Campbell; 3rd pullet, R. Mc-  Cutcheon; 3rd pen, Chas. Ruckle.  Silver Campines���������2nd hen; 1st, 2nd  and 3rd pullet, C. C. Heaven-  Utility Pens���������1st, J. A. McCallum;  2nd, J. T. Lawrence; 3rd,0. G. Dnnn.  SPECIAL   PRIZKS  Bestt Pen Exhibited (any variety)  ���������Smith Trophy, by G. E. Smith,  Kingston, On I. Won 1910 by A D.  Morrison, Grand Forks; 1911 by T.  J. Nopp, Chesaw; 1912-13 by R. W.  Somerville, Trail; 1914 by VV. Liddicoat, Grnnd Forks.  Best Display of Poultry (any  single variety) ���������Morrison Cup, by  A. D. Morrison, Grand Forks, Won  1911 by J. A. McCallum, Grand  Forks; 1912-13 by T. Bowen, Grand  Forks; 1914 by T. Bowen, Grand  Forks.  Friday  "The Russians claim a partial success in the important battle in Poland. Germany rushes half a million men to the front and will attempt to break the Muacovite line.  The capture of the trenches at  Przemys lmay mean the early surrender of the city.  The British feign a retreat and  the Germans are caught in a - trap.  The foe is forced back in disorder,  ldsing ground. The efforts of the  Prussians in Argonne fail. Ypres is  almost battered to pieces by huge  shells.  The Russians destroy the Turkish  base and the enemy is overthrown  in two engagements, Petrograd reports.  Saturday  The Turkish warships flee before  the allied fleet. The Moslems claim  to have reached Suez. Indian troops  are said to be. employed in Persia  and Arabia.  The force in training, in Canada is  to be greatly . increased, and men  will be despatched as the war office  is able to handle them.  Ypres is violently shelled by the  enemy. Only tbe artillery is active  in Flanders and France, and the  troops get a rest.  The Swedish and Danish jeserv-  ists living in Canada are ordered to  report for duty at earliest possible  moment.  Tbe German troops are again approaching Warsaw, but the Russians  repulse attacks farther south.  Monday  The French artillery, well supported by the infantry, wins a nota  ble success. Lost positions are  speedily recovered, and Prussian  guns are taken. The allies prepare  to resist another effort by the foe to  force their way to Calais.  Tbe Russians capture two regiments of Germtms. impetuous attacks made by the foe are everywhere repulsed. Bombardment of  Cracow is said to have begun Five  thousand Austrians are taken.  The Indian iroops are  victorious  against the Turks.   Tbe Musselmans  find ihat tbe Arabs are rebels.    Dis  turbances occur in   Gonstantinople.  A   German    submarine   is sunk.  They also lose a destroyer.  Tuesday  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.     Max  Nov. 20���������Friday 32 40  21���������Saturday   .... 33 41  22���������Sundiy,  81 45  23���������Monday  31 45  24���������Tuesday  33 40  25���������Wednesday .. 35 47  2G-Thursday  32 40  Inches  Kainfall  0.23  W. A. Williams, manager of the  Granby smelter, returned to the city  on Tuesday from Hidden Creek,  where he has been making his  headquarters during the   past   year.  Members of the musical society  are respectfully reminded of the importance of attendance at the two  final practices Tuesday and Friday  evenings.  British warships smash the German naval base on the coast of Belgium, aud the scheme to establish a  submarine and Zeppelin headquarters is frustrated by well directed  shell fire. Material for making  plungers and airships is destroyed  by the bom bard men t.  The French win a   position   from  the  Gerniuns in   a   bloody band to  hand   combat.    The  casualties are  heavy when Quesnoy is cirried.  The Prussians retire from Poland,  a report says The Cracow battle is  a Russian success. Six thousand  prisoners are taken.  The Russians rout the Turkish  army, which is thrown back along  the whole battlefront.  Wednesday  The Prussians, hemmed in on all  sides by the Russians, attempt to  avoid destruction, and make a supreme effort toeut their way through  the czar's forces.  Britain prepares to defend the  English coast against a possible raid  bv the enemy. An attempted in  vaaion is expected to follow tbe new  effort of tbe Germans to break  through to the coast. ffl  THE    SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  ������;:  **. <  WHY BRITAIN IS At WAR  Tlie    Causes    and    the'lssues, in  Brief   For:.!,    From the Diplomatic Correspondence and  Speechss  of Ministers  (By Sir Edward Cook)  It was'a reflection of the first of political philosophers that disturbances  in States, though they may arise on  -trilling occasions, do not involve trifling issues. The* present world-wide  war started from the case of Servia,  but involved even from the start,  '.much'larger'issues. If only a dispute  between Servia and Austria-Hungary  had been in question, Britain, as Sir-  lid ward Grey repeatedly stated, would  have had no concern in tlie affair. But  since, as Ave shall .'see,.'this dispute  was bound to have ulterior, consequences, it is necessary to understand  what the dispute was about.  Servia is a small, but very ancient,  kingdom in the Balkan peninsula.  ,It  obtained considerable accesion of territory as the result of the recent wars  in the Balkans, the war between the  Balkan States and Turkey, aud then  the     war  among  the  Balkan  States  themselves.    The Servian people are  akin, in race and religion, to the Slavs,  .of which race Russia is the predominant power,  and  to which race    also  many of the subjects of Austria-Hungary belong.    On, June 2S, 1914, "the  crime at Serajevo"   was    committed,  namely, the murder of the heir-apparent to the throne of Austria-Hungary  and his consort in the capital of Bosnia.   That province, once a part of the  ancient  Servian kingdom, had fallen  into the possession of the Turks; the  administration of it had been given to  Austria, by the Berlin Treaty after the  Russo-Turkish  war,  in  1878;   and  in  1908 Austria had annexed it. The Austrian government alleged (but has not  proved)   that  the  crime  of ��������� Serajevo  was  a  culminating  point in  r.  "subversive movement" organized by the  Servian government "with the object  of detaching a part of the territories  of  Austria-Hungary  from '���������.". the   Monarchy."   On July 23 the Austrian.government  addressed  an  ultimatum  to  Servia.   Austria had been "left a perfectly free hand" by Germany. It was  admitted   by   Sir   Edward. Grey   that  ���������"one naturally sympathized with many  of the requirements of the ultimatum,"  and   that  "the  murder  of  the  Archduke and some of the circumstances  respecting Servia quoted in 'the (Austrian)   note aroused  sympathy,   with  Austria."   Russia  also  admitted   that  "the demands were reasonable enough  in some cases." But there were two  features   in   the  Austrian  ultimatum  which caused alarm and    regret    to  those  who desired  to see the  peace  of Europen maintained.   The first was  the inclusion of a time-limit,.so short  (forty-eight hours) as to leave diplomacy little time to avert war. The second was that What Austria demanded  within   48 hours was not a reply but  the reply dictated, by Austria: "I had  never before seen," said Sir Edward,  "one  state  address  to  another independent state a document of so formidable a character." The German foreign  secretary "admitted that the Servian  government could not swallow certain  of  the 'Austro-Hungarian    demands."  Sir Edward Grey advised Servia to go*  ever befallen tha continent of Europe  at cneblow; no one can say what  would be the limit of tho issues that  might be raised by such a conflict."  War between Russia and Austria, in a  cause wherein. Germany had supported  the latter must involve Germany as  her ally, and France would be drawn  in as the ally of Russia. The action -f  Austria and Germany in the case ol  Servia was thus likely to challenge a  European war. England and. France  and Russia saw this. Italy the ally of  Austria and Germany, saw i; also.  When the general war was breaking  out,   the   Italian   government, being  asked to state its intentions, replied:  "The war undertaken by Austria, and  the consequences which might result,  had, in the words cf the German ambassador himself, an aggressive object. Both were "therefore in conflict  with the purely defensive character of  the Triple Alliance, and in such circumstances, Italy would remain'r.eut-  ral." "We were fully conscious," said  the German government itself, "that a  possible warlike procedure by Austria-  Hungary against Servia might bring  Rr.ssia upon tiie scene arid so involve  us in war in accordance with our  duties as Allies." "As far Germany."-  said the German ambassador at Vienna to the British, "she knew very well  what she"was about in backing up Austria-Hungary in this matter.".; ��������� , '.  Foreseeing all this, Sir Edward  Grey, whose efforts during the recent  Balkan wars had won .or him the  title of' the Peacemaker of Europe,  was early in the field Avith proposal.;,  for averting "war,; and the British government "persisted to the very last  moment of the last hour in that great  and beneficient but unhappily frus'.-rated purpose" (Mr. Asquith).  Already on July 20, having receivr  ed an inkling of what was on foot, Sir  Edward Grey spoke "to the German  ambassador of the importance,'if the  peace of Europe was to be preserved,  of Austria "keeping her demand within reasonable limits." The suggestion  was not adopted. The German foreign  secretary "considered it inadvisable  that the Austro-Hungarian govern-,  ment should be approached "by the  German government on the matter"  (July 22). The Austrian ultimatum,  which the same minister "admitted  that the Servian, government could,  not swallow," was despatched on the  following day.  :On July 23, having heard from the  Austrian ambassador an. outline of  what the Austrian note contained, Sir  Edward Grey pressed upon 'him, as  also upon the uerman government,  the desirability of persuading the Austrian government to extend its time-  limit. The. Russian government took  the same line. The. German "ambassador was instructed to "pass on" Sir-  Edward Grey's suggestion, but the  German foreign secretary .said that  '���������"there would be delay and difficulty  in getting time-limit -extended," "adding, "quite freely, that the Austro-  Hungarian. government wished to give  the Servians a lesson and meant to  take military action."  On July 24, havng received the text  of the Austrian ultimatum, and foreseeing that if Austria attacked Servia,  Russia would mobilize, Sir Edward  Grey proposed that "Germany, France,  Italy and Great Britain, who had not  direct interests in Servia, should act  together for the sake of peace, simultaneously in Vienna and St.'-Petersburg,"--"in-the event of the relations  straint '(July 30), and accompanied  his refusal by yet.another "most earnest" appeal to tlie German chancellor:  "The one way of maintaining the good  relations between England and Germany is that they should continue to  work together to preserve the peace  of Europe; if we succeed in this object, the mutual relations of Germany  and England will, T believe, be ipso  facto improved and strengthened. For  Man .Who Invented the Submarine  John Philip Holland, inventor 'of Uie  submarine, 'used by practically every  navy in the. world,' died recently at  his home in Newark; N.J., says a New  fork press dispatch.-, "*-.  John Holland was\ born, in County  Clare, Ireland, at Liscannor, February  2-1, 1842, and was educated at the  school, of the Christian Brothers, at.  Limerick.    While" he Avas yet a stud-  HOME USE OF CANADIArM APPLE'S  that object his majesty's government! cu(.t he became imbued-with ideas of  ! will work in that way with all sincer-. jrish independence, to be won by  i ity and good-will.   And T will say this: j force.  : If  the peace  of  Europe  can  bo   pre-!     To that end, he thought it would be  ! served, and  the  present crisis safely | necessary  to devise some - means of  passed, my own  endeavor  will  ho to j breaking the power  of Great Britain  promote  some arrangement fo  whicn [ on the sea.   The story of Robert Ful  Germany could be a party, by which | ton's   partlv  suceess-fiil    experiment:-*  to the furthest possible point in meet- j betAveen Austria and Russia becoming  ing those demands, and similar advice  was given to her by France and Russia. The Senrian government replied,  Avithin the appointed time, conceding  the greater part of the Austrian demands. The conceded demands Avere  of a very stringent character. The Servian reply "involved," said Sir Edward  Grey, "the greatest humiliation that  he had ever seen a country undergo."  Nevertheless, Austria refused to accept the reply, and declared Avar  against Servia July. 2S. The part of  the Austrian demands which Servia  had felt unable to concede touched her  very existence as an independent state,  and Avita regard to these matters she  offered to submit them to The Hague  Tribunal. The fact that Austria, Avhile  receiving satisfaction on the other  points, had made the refusal of the  latter points a casus belli raised suspicions of her ultimate intentions.  "The real question," said the Russian  foreign minister, "was whether Aus-  trix was o crush Servia and to reduce her to the status of a vassal, or  whether she Avas to leave Servia a  free and independent state."  It had been recognized from the first  that the case of Servia could not be  isolated. The aggression upon Servia  by Austria (with the previous consent  of Germany) was bound to involve  other powers.  The German government did indeed  protest to Sir Edward Grey that "the  question at issue was one for settlement between Servia and Austria  alone;" but ever; body else knew that  it could not be so, and the German  government, as we shall so presently,  seem to have known this also. The  relations between Austria and Russia  had already been strained by the Austrian annexation. of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Aggression by Austria upo.t  Ser*. ia was certain to be regarded by  Russia with the utmost alarm and i;i-  nignation. During tlie Balkan crisis  the Russian foreign minister "had  made it clear to the Austrian government that war with Russia must inevitably follow an Austrian attack on  Servia. It Avas clear that Austrian  dom ation of Servia was as intolerable for Russia as the dependence of  the Netherlands on Germany would ^e  to Great Briain." "It must bo obvious,"  said Sir EdAvard Grey in the house of  commons July 27, "to any person who  reflects upon the situation that the  piomcnt the dispute ceases to be one  between Austria-Hungary and Servia  and becomes one in which another  great power is involved, it can but end  in the greatest catastrophe that has  W. N. U. 1023  hreatening." "It would be very desiv  able," he said to the German ambassador, "o get Austria not to precipitate military action and so gain more  time. But none of us could influence  Austria in this direction unless" Germany would propose and participate  in such action at Vienna." France 'was  favorable to this plan. So was Italy.  Russia Avas "quite ready to stand aside  and leave the question in the hands  of England, France. Germany and  Italy." ��������� Having thus received assurances that, if only Germany agreed,  his plan might be efficacious, Sir Ed-  Avard Grey on July 2G formally invited  the governments of France, Germany  and Italy to instruct their severa1 ambassadors to confer with him "for the  purpose of discovering an issue Avhich  Avould prevent complications." The  invitation was accepted by France and  Italy. The Gentian foreign secretary  "could not fall in with the suggestion,  desirous though he was to co-operate  for the maintenance of peace" (July  27).  Sir Edward Grey thereupon saAV the  German ambassador (July 27) and  promised "as Ion;: as Germany would  work to keep the peace I. would keep  closely in touch. 1 repeated that after  the Servian reply it was at Vienna that!  some moderation must be urged." On *  tlie following day (July 28) Austrian-  Hungary declared war on Servia.  As the German government Avas understood to have accepted "in principle," tlie idea of mediation by tha  four powers betAveen Austria and Russia, it was,proposed "that, the Germa.i  secretary of state should suggf.st the  lines on Avliich this principle should  be applied." The German government  made no suggestion of the kind.  Sir Edward Grey's scheme had temporarily been in abeyance, as the Russian government had offered to discuss matters witli the Austrian government direct. This offer was declined by Austria. (July 28).  Sir EdAvard Grey next appealed to  the German chancellor. "If ho can  induce Austria to satisfy Russia and to  abstain from going so far as to come  into collision Avith her, Ave shall all  join in deep gratitude to his excellency  for having saved the peace of Europe"  (July 29). The Italian government had  simultaneously appealed to Germany  in a like sense.  On that same day the German government made certain proposals to  Great Britain to Avhich avo shall come  presently and which the prime minister afterwards characterised as "infamous." But so, persistent was the  British government In pursuit of peace  that Sir Edward Grey In declining the  proposals  used  language of great re-  t;lie could be assured  that no aggressive  or hostile  policy Avould  be ptir-  , sued'  against   her   or   her   allies     by  ; France, Russia and ourselves, jointly  i or separately."  I On the following clay (.1 u 1 y .", 1) Sir  I Edward Grey gave proof of his sin-  '.cerity and made a furiher effort for  peace. "I said to German ambassador  this morning that if Germany*could  get any reasonable proposal put forward Avhich made it clear that Germany 'and Austria Avere striving to preserve-European peace, and that Russia and France Avould beunreas'dnanle  if they rejected it, I Avould support it  at St." Petersburg and Paris, and go  the length of saying that if Russia and  France would not accept it his majesty's government would., have nothing  more to do Avith the consequences." In  order not to leave this promise in the  region of generalities, Sir Edward  Grey','threw.- out a- particular sugges-  t tion. "The stumbling-block hitherto  (has been Austrian mistrust of Servian assurances/ and Russian mistrust  of Austrian intentions with regard lo  the independence and integrity of.Servia." If Germany Avould sound Vienna, Sir Edward would sound St.  Petersburg Avhether it would be possible for the four disinterested poav-  ers to offer to Austria to undertaae  to see that she obtained full satisfaction for her demands on Servip, provided they did not impair Servian_  sovereignty and. the integrity of Servian territory. That Russia Avas ready  to accept such a solution is clear  from a peace-formula Avhich her government had ��������� drawn up iu concert  Avith-" Sir Edward. Grey. Everything  turned on Germany.; On that day she  sent an; ultimatum to Russia.  In the early morning of August ,1  (3.30 a.m.) the King of England and  his ministers made a last attempt to  secure peace. The king telegraphed  a personal message to the Tsar. In  this the king first set - out the text  of a communication from the German government. The Tsar had previously requested the German empercr  to mediate between Russia and Austria, and had "given most categorical  assurances to the Emperor William  th at: Russian troops wouId not mo ve  so long as mediation negotiations  continued." The German government  in its communication stated that the  emperor Avas desirous to mediate and  complained that such mediation was  frustrated by the Russian mobilization. King George went on to say  that he was "mo3f. anxious not to mies  any possibility of avoidiiig the terrible  calamity Avhich threatens the w'to.c  Avorld;" he appealed to the Tsar to  remove any misapprehension which  might have occurred; he proffered his  good offices: "to assist in reopening the  interrupted conversations between  ���������the poAvers concerned." The Tsar replied on the same day, "I would gladly  have accepted, your proposals had not  the German ambassador this afternoon presented a note to my government declaring Avar."  (To be Continued).  | with submarine torpedo boats directed  j his attention to the construction of  \ such vessels.  ] t Before he' was out of his teens he  1 ficcauie a school teacher, and con  i tinned'in that work for fifteen years.  j studying marine engineeriiio and oth-  I er branches of science which would  j enable him to. fulfil his designs. He  j also saved what money he could from  ' his 'meagre salary for the same pur-  ;��������� pose. Then lie came to America, set-  ! tied at aPterson, N.J., taught school  ��������� for five years, and continued his experiments.  In 1S75 he laid before the -uivy  department of the United States plans  for a submarine boa*-, .but-received kittle encouragement. Two years later  he built his first vessel of that kind  at Paterson. lt_ was a crude affair,  of wood, Avith a clumsy engine, and  with the diving-rudder in the central  axis���������the wrong place. The boat was  \i\!, feet long and 3 feet wide.  Finally Mr. Holland decided the  boat Avas too small even for experimentation; so he took out the engine and "left the hull at tlie bottom  jot* the Passaic. ��������� Then he came to New  York and built another boat at Debt-  meter's shipyard at West 13th street,  and the North river. This AA-as 31 feet  long and contained a petroleum engine. . This vessel in turn proved unsatisfactory.  In. 1893 the navy department, as the  result of a competition, aAvarded to  Mr.-'Holland a contract for the construction of a submarine boat at government expense. The result Avas a  boat S5 feet long with a petroleum engine, Avhich never could be operated  Then Mr. Holland, .-who.'.had organized a company for building submarine boats, transferred hi", activities to  Ihc Crescent Shipyards, at Elizabeth,  N.J.. of which Arthur L. "liusch was  superintendent and undertook the  luilding. of a boat entirely according  to his OAvn plans without the interference of others, to Avhich he charged  tire' failure of the government-boat.  The result was the Holland, a boat  nearly fifty-four feet long- morethan  ten feet in diameter and with a displacement of seventy-five tons. This  boat was launched, taken to Perth Am-  boy and there .successfully tried by-  Mr. Holland on St. Patrick's Day, IS98  Department of .Trade  and   Commerce  Will   Start   Extensive. Advertising Campaign  The department ol trade and commerce under tlie direction of Sir  George ID. Foster will conduct a Do-,  minion-wide adverfising campaign to  increase the consumption ol! Canaduur  apples through Canada. "*"*  Although the finest apples in- the  world are produced in ,this country,  i many Canadians have had to content  themselves in previous yean avJUi apples imported from the united States,  This was due to i the fact that Euv-  ppc, appreciating'the quality of Canadian apples, imported them in very  considerable quantities. .The" exports  of Canadian apples to the United  Kingdom have been running 1,500,000  barrels a year. In addition, 75 per  cent. of all the apples evaporated  have been exported to Germany,  Austria-Hungary and other countries  in continental Europe.  The war has resulted in a curtailment of the market for Canadian-apples in Great Britain. It has also resulted in jeopardizing for this year  the trade in evaporated apples  continental Europe, for Germany  the clearing house for most of  trade.  -  In view of these conditions the department of trade and commerce as  a general effort to assist in creating-  new -sources of demand to replace  those cut off by the war, has been  seeking to devise some means of assisting Canadian apple growers in.  quickly changing the market for Canadian' apples from export to domestic channels. In order to effect-tbe  change in the quickest possible way,  the minister of trade and commerce,  Sir George E. Foster, has decided txr  advertise Canadian apples to the pee-  ple of Canada in order to increase the  demand for them .in thehome market:-  All that is necessary in order to se--x  cure the increased consumption o.'f.  Canadian apples iu Canada is to let  the Canadians "know the food 'auti  other values of the Canadian apples  and that instead of using import el',  fruits they may have this year fire  products of Canadian apple orchards  that in previous years has graced Hit  tables of Europe's nobility.  with  was  that.  The Strongest Link  "Tlie men Avho are hurrying to our  shores from across the seas, or who  are arming to safeguard the empire  where, they dAvell, can scarce realize  themselves the strength of the feeling  they have stirred in us at home. They  are welcome for the great and valuable addition they make to our forces  in the field. They are more Avelcome j  for'the proof their presence brings'  that the empire enters upon the greatest of all wars, one in mind and heart.  We know Avhat that means to us for  the moment. We have a dim but set-!  tied sense of what much. - greater  things it promises for the future. It  repeats the good "augury it spoke in  the Boer war and- by repeating that  glad presage in new and louder tones  it brings the realization nearer, "If  the empire issues victoriously from  the war, as by the blessing of heaven  we trust and believe it will, it will Le  different from the empire which goes  into the conflict. Common effort, common labors and sufferings, common  sorrows, and, as we hope, common  triumphs -will have confirmed and  strengthened all tlie ties which unite  the several peoples. To all the old  memories and the old sense of kinship will be added the new memories  of what they have' uone and undergone together. Tlie tie of blood is  strong always, but it is strongest  of all when it lias been consecrated  and cemented by war on the same battlefields for tlie same just cause."���������  London Times.  French  Soldiers'  Bill  of -Fare  Here is the daily bill of fare of the  French private soldier in the field:  Vegetable- soup made from, an ounce  and a half of mixed vegetables.  Army biscuits, twenty ounces.  Rice-or beans," seven ounces.  Fresh meat, sixteen ounces, or canned meat, 12 ounces.  Coffee, three-fourths of an ounce.  Sugar, one ounce.  Or a total food allowance of nearly  three pounds a day. As extras the  private soldier receives from time to  time supplies of fresh vegetables,  j such as potatoes, carrots and cab-  I bage, and occasionally .wine..-"The  supply of extras is uncertain, depending Avholly on the abiilty of the commissary department to purchase suea  supplies on the inarch.  Every soldier in the field carries im  his knapsack one day's rations for  emergency use. These rations con-  sits of ten ounces of army biscuit, ten  ounces of canned meat, one ounce of  condensed soup, two ounces of coffee,  and three ounces* of sugar.  British  This  things,  system  says a  English  Versus    German  Gun-Makera  war     ought-   among     other  to decide which is the better  of  manufacturing   big    guns.  naval   expert   writing    in   an.  journal.  In  the  British .naA--y  they are manufactured on the -wir.e-  wound system, which originated in -  ISSO.in America; although it was ncM.  until IS02 that the Armstrong firm,  after a previous trial, "made such :e  success1 with it as led. to"*-its .adm>  tion < by the government. In ������.Gcn--  many, the built-up- principle is .fitiii ���������  favored. ' -      ^      '  The method of winding Avire-on '.to *  .the barrel of the gun gives bettor  circumferential strength than can "-be  obtained for the same" Aveight *.wLfe!G  hoops; while the strain upon the wins  and therefore the support to the .barrel can he regulated to the smallee"!  extent. On the ' other hand, .-.tfa  [Germans claim that their system \ot ���������  solid built guns makes for longitudinal or girder strength, and resist tins  tendency to bend. Their guns ���������"���������a.r.e  made in sections or hoops whicn .ars  blocked .or welded together. -   .  Incidentally, it may be said, ilhad  this is a quicker method of, manufacture, as the various parts can be made  at the same time and their fitting tt> ���������'  gether does not take long; whereas  the winding of many miles of steel  wire round the inner tube of a British gun cannot be done so quickly. A  battleship with eight big guns, fox  instance,^,has-been knoAvn to haA-a  no less titan 1,000 miles of Avire.wound  round them altogether.  One important ac. vantage of wire- '  wound guns is that a neAV inner-tuba  may be fitted over and .over again,  so that a Aveapon becoming wora  after a certain amount of use may 1>������ "  given a new lease of life by the re-  lining process.  Vastness of Africa  Dan Crawford says in the Record  of Christian Work: "Africa is far,  far bigger than you think. Give me  the whole of India, and in it goes.  Now, the Avhole of China, and in that  goes too. Plus India and China, give  me Australia, and in the three go  easily. And still Africa, my Africa,  like Oliver Twist, asks for more. So  we will put in 'liurope. in it all goes,  and even then I have Avhat I believe  the Vanderbilts call marginal millions. And yet you hear people  speaking as if Avhen you were in Central Africa you could live the life of  a sort or Aveek-ender, and just run  out to see your friends the Joneses or  the  Robinsons." i  Cost  of  War   in   Europe  French   economists   have   recently-  been estimating the expense of    tlie  war machines of'the nations now in  conflict, and their estimates run front  i $20,000,000    to    $25,000,000 daily,    or  i about $.4,500,000,000,000 for six months  I campaign including the initial cost cf  ' mobilization.    It  is  estimated    there  I are-now    over- 8,500,000    men  under  1 arms  for land  warfare,    with :M0,000  j seamen.    If the Balkan Avar is to be  j taken as an example, the cost for each  I man mobilized amounts to $2.50 a day.  | This gives about $^2,000,000 daily, or  I $(160,000,000 monhly, or for six months  ' $4:j,!160,000,000.   ���������  But this figure, says Gen. Guyot,  does not include the cost of maintaining the armies and the fleets. On  August 4, the day the ultimatum was  sent by Great Britain demanding the  1 assurance that the neutrality of Bel-  I giuin would be respected, followed at  111 p.m., by Germany's declaration of  ; war aaginst Great Britain, the German Reichstag authorized extraordinary credits of $2,250,000,000 to be ob-  . tained by a loan and a further sum cf  i seventy million dollars to be drawn on  j the gold and silver supply of the em-  i pire. A tax of five per cent, on stocks  ' and notes issued by the bank over and  above its reserve and metal, was subsequently announced and the loan secured by an issue of bank notes uncovered by a reserve of gold and silver.  1 It has been stated in Vienna that  the Austrian army costs $4,000,000  daily. The Austrian treasury Avas  strained by mobilizatipn during the  Balkan Avars, which drained the financial resources of the empire for more  than a year, and it is hard to see  where the -Austrian monarchy can  have found the $120,000,000 required  to "keep up lier army and fleet, as no  news of fresh financial arrangements  has been received.  Humbug  It is not generally known that'thi*  Avord, long .so much in .'vogue, is of  Scottish origin. There was in oldes  times a race called Bogue or Boag ot  that ilk in BerAvickshire. A daughter  of the family married a son of Hum������  of.Hume. In process of time, by default of male issue, the Bogue estate  devolved on one Geordie Hume, who  was called popularly "Hume o' the  Bogue," or rather, "Hum o' the Bug.*"  lie Avas inclined to the marvelous,  and had a' vast, inclination to exalt  himself, his wife, family, brother and  all his ancestors on both sides. His  tales, however, did not pass current,  and at last, when anyone made an extraordinary statement in the Nearns,  the hearer would shrug up his shoulders, and style it just "A hum o' the  bug." This was shortened into humbug and the word soon spread over  the whole kingdom.  ' Willie���������Paw,   are   a   man   and   his  wH'e  one?  PaAV���������Yes, my son.  Willie���������Then how  many  mon?  PaAV���������You go to bed, young  Cincinnati Enquirer. _-  was  Solo-  man.-���������  "This is. a practical age," said Fortune to Fame.  "Hoav so?"  "I offered to give a man a bed of  roses, and he demanded 30 days' trial  Avith a guarantee."���������Louisville Courier-Journal.  Puzzled Diner to restaurant Avait-  er)���������-What have you got for dinner?  Waiter ��������� Roastbeeffricaseedchick-  enstewedlambhashbakedaudfriedpota-  toesjampuddingmilkandcofiee.  Puzzled Diner���������Give me the third,  fourth, fifth, sixth, eighteenth and  -1 nineteenth syllables.  Gbsm tw������  THE    SUN.   GRAND   FORKS.    B. C.  anmxawKMm wi'w ������������������������������������in  Nine times in ten when the liver is right the  stomach and bowels are right.  CARTER'S LITTLE  - LIVER PILLS  ���������gently but firmly compel a lazy liver to  do its duty  Cure? Con-  ^-utipatjon,  .Indigestion,  , Sick  Headache, and Distress) after Eating.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price..  Genuine must bear Signature  LARGE WORKS  COMPLETED  Children Teething  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs,; winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIC  Jf you feBl'OUT Ol SORTS* 'R('*< DOWN' 'COT the BLUES'  SUFFER from KIDNEY, BCADrfER, NKRVOt'S DISEASES,  CHRONIC WKAKNKSS.ULCERS.SKINKKUPnONB.PILES,  irrlte   for FREE CLOTH DOUND MEDICAL BOOK ON  'these dlaea.ioa and WONDERFUL CURES effected by  TH E NEW FRENCH REM EDY. N������1 N������2 N������3  Jandiltciduibr  yourself if it is  Iheremedyfor-YOUROWN ailment. Absolutely FREE  No'follow up'circulars. No obligations. Dit. Ll'CLErtC  WKD.CO.HAVERSTOCKKD.riAMI'STIIAD LONnON.KKO  WE WANT TO PKOVB THERAPION  WILL CURS VOU.  AGENTS' GOLD MINE!!  .History European War Causes, etc.  Profusely: Illustrated. Best terms.  "Freight." paid; credit given. Order  iree sample now. Nichols Company,  limited;, Publishers, Toronto.  PATENTS  Featherstonhaugh & Co., head office,  3Cing street east, Toronto, Canada,  The Cancellation of Patents  Tinder'the-terms oiTthe War.Meas-  "are act-passed at the recent session  of parliament an order-in-council was  .passed respecting patents in Canada  by alien'enemies.    ...  Any person who .wishes to obtain  a right to manufacture any invention  or process covered by patent must  ���������make special application to the minister ,of: agriculture, who will grant  Jt only when it is regarded in the public interest. .There is to be no general cancellation.  The minister is given absolute discretion-as to the terms upon which  applications are to be granted. Application for patents' made by alien  enemies which were pending when  ���������ihe war broke out are held in abeyance...^ V  Recapitulation of Work en the CP.R.  During the Present Sfear  In spite of the depression from  which all interests suffered more or  less, even before the war broke out,  it may be interesting to recapitulate  the outstanding features of the_^ work  the CP.R. did during the. present  year from January up to date on its  whole system.  ��������� At McAdam Junction the C.P.R. recently completed a new machine and  erecting shop; .and added over one  mile of new storage tracks to their  yard at JMcAdani Junction; a fireproof  elevator with a capacity for 1,000,000  bushels with ajx up-to-date power  plant was completed this summer at  West St. John, not' to speak of great  improvements to the terminal facilities. The improvements at the passenger and freight terminals at the  Windsor station are marked by bulk  and efficiency. The train shed, which  is just completed, is one of the largest  of the most modern types now in use.  At the same'time the improvements  at Place "Viger, which have been in  hand for three years, are now completed. These, in their entirety, of  station, hotel and trackage, cost nearly '$5,000,000.'   -     *���������    ���������  The union station at Quebec has  been commenced. 'There . was the  double track bridge a������ Lachine which  cost nearly $3,000,00*0'; the new Lake  Shoro Line which was opened for  traffic in June; the new station and  viaduct at Toronto which are only  held up temporarily; the extension of  the Kippewa Branch line 10 miles in  a northerly direction; a'30-mile extension from Expanse.to a junction with  the Weyburn-Sterlihg branch of the  C.P.R., and which will be completed  this fall; the line between Swift Current and Empress, a distance of 112  miles, and which will be completed  this year;_ the main line cut off from  Swift Current to Bassano of which 150  miles are completed; the 7S miles cf  the C.P.R. branch from Lacombe to  Kerrobert, a new extension; the operation of the Alberta-Central Railway  to Lochern, a distance of 65 miles  from Red Deer; the great tunnel at  Roger's Pass, and of which one mil--;  of the pioneer tunnel had been completed; the C.P.R. depot and terminal  offices at Vancouver; the Kootenay  Central which is now open for traffic,  from Golden, 60 miles south. Work on  this road is being pushed vigorously  on the line to join up Golden and  Colvalli; the opening of the Esqui-  malt and > Nanaimo line from Parks-  ville Junction to Courtenay.  . Tho C.P.Rr is interested in the Kettle Valley Railway, and in connection  with the same it is building a line  from .Midway to Penticton���������������������������a distance  of 134 miles, 76 of Avhich are already  open for traffic. A line from Pentic-  ten, to Osprey, 41 miles in length,'has  been completed, and work has been  commenced on a new line between Osprey Lake and Princeton. The Kettle  Valley Railway is also building a line  54 miles in length between Hope and  Otter Summit. A part of the track  has-already been laid. '-.  " In addition to all this, which is  merely hinted at, -and which is a record of eight months, the CP.R. has  continued its policy of double tracking all the way through.  a  DISEASE IS DUE TO BAD  BLOOD  Peevish, pale, restless and sickly  children owe their condition to worms.  Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator  will-relieve them and restore health.  Dinah (emplored* as waitress)���������  Tas, mum, I am a-leavin' dis place  tomorrow.  Mistress���������Why, Dinah, whatever  Ban have displeased you 'with your  position? - Haven't I been., treating  you well?  Dinah���������Oh, yas, indeed you have,  3num.; But to tell de trtif, in dis house  dey am too much shiftin' ob de dishes  .fo'.'de fewness of de vittles.  How's This?  *W������ offer One Hundred Dollars R-fr  ward-for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure. "       ��������� .  ,       .,  F. J. CHENEY & CO, Toledo, O.  We, the undersigned, have known F. J.  Cheney for tho last 16 yeare, and bellev*  him perfectly honorable In all bualneaa  transactions and -financially able to carry  out any obligations made by his Arm.  NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE,  :     Toledo, O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure, Is taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Price, 75 cents per bottle.  Sold by all Druggists.  Take Hall's* Family Pills for constipation.  To Cure Common   Ailments  the Blood Must be Made  Rich and   Red  Nearly all the diseases that afflict  humanity are caused'by bad blood���������  weak, watery blood poisoned by impurities. Bad blood is the cause of  headaches and backaches, lumbago  and rheumatism; delibility and indigestion, neuralgia and"other nerve  troubles, and disfiguring skin diseases like eczema and salt rheum  show how impure the blood actually  is. No use trying a different remedy  for each disease, because they all  spring from the one cause���������bad  blood. To cure any of these troubles  you .must get right down to the root  of the trouble in the blood, and that  -is just what Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  do. They make new, rich' blood and  thus cure these diseases when common medicine fails. Mrs. John Jackson, Woodstock, Ont., suffered from  botli nervous troubles and a run  down condition and experienced a  complete cure through the use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills: She says: "I  was a sufferer for a number of years  from neuralgia and a general debility of the nerves and system. 1 had  tried several doctors and many medicines but to no avail until I began  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.- At the time  I began the Pills I had grown so bad  that I could'hardly be .on my feet  and was forced to wear elastic bandages about the ankles. The pain I  suffered at times from the neuralgia  was terrible. I "had almost given up-  hope when I began the use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. In the course  of a few weeks I felt an improvement, and I gladly continued the use  of the Pills until I was once more  quite well and able to attend to all  my household duties."  If you are ailing begin to cure  yourself today with Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills. Sold by all medicine  dealers or by mail at 50 cents a box  or six boxes for ������2.50 from The Dr.  Williams'* Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  The Bear That Got Away  Your'true hunter reckons not the  hardships of the trail. He welcomes  them. They increase'his joy. Even  disappointments have a certain fascination. He tells you with great gusto  of the deer he didn't'kill, and includes  the Incident in the story he sends to  his favorite outdoor magazine. Consider the following paragraph, taken  from an account of a bear hunt:  "While putting the dogs into the  brush at the bottom of a gulch, some,;,  tiling attracted my attention .up the  mountain side on the rocks. I looked  up and beheld a fine little brown bear  gazing down upon us. 1 threw my gun  to my shoulder and fired, but an instant late, for just as I pulled tho  trigger he dropped out of sight behind  the rocks. The dogs saw him, however, and the chase was on. Mr. Bear  turned into the brush and clown th''  gulch he came, with both clogs close  at Iiis heels. Close to the Ranchcjr  they crashed through tlie thick under,-  growth���������so thick that it was difficult  to determine which was bear and  which was dog.. The Rancher got in  several shots, but with no effect. Down  the mountain we ran, clogs and bear  in the lead, everybody yelling to encourage the dogs and in the hope of  scaring the bear up a tree. Breathless  and weary, we finally got to the .dogs,  who were lying clown under a tree,  "all in' and no bear in sight. His pace  had been too hot for our unhardened  pups and he had escaped." (Now hear  the conclusion of the matter). "It was  the Rancher's first bear and he was  -much, disappointed not to get him. We  were'all agreed that it was tho best  sport that we had had in a long time,  hence  were  pretty well satisfied."  It was "the Rancher's first bear,"  even though it escaped. There spoke  the true hunter.  s     A  Little Stretched  While visiting a nephew in London,  Uncle Hayseed stopped in front of.a  "movie" theatre poster on which were  displayed pictures of lions, tigers, elephants and other African, wild animals.  "Great guns, Henry!" he said to ,'iis  nephew, "I'm mighty glad to leave  town Saturday afternoon." ���������  "Why are you so anxious to get  away?" asked the nephew.  Pointing to the poster on the wall  Uncle Hayseed read aloud the words:  "To be released on Monday."  Nothing as Go.od For Asthma. Asthma remedies come and go but every  year the sales of the original Dr. J.  D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy grow  greater and greater. No further evidence could be asked of its remarkable  merit. It relieves. It is always of the  same unvarying quality which the sufferer from asthma learns to know.  Do not suffer another attack, but get  this splendid remedy today.  Pills of Attested Value.���������Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills are the result of careful study of the properties of certain  roots and herbs, and the action of  such as sedatives and laxatives on  the digestive apparatus. The success  the compounders have met with attests the value of their work. These  pills have been recognized for many  years as the best cleansers of tho  system that can be got. Their excellence was recognized from the firs':  and they grow more popular daily.  "Yes, I may say I have an ideal husband."  "An Appolo for looks, a Chesterfield  for manners," rhapsodized the girl.  "Thoso things don't count in husbands, my dear. Mine stays fairly  sober and brings most of his salary  home."���������Pittsburg Post.  "I thought you .had thrown Arthur  over."  "I did, but you know how a girl  throws."���������Philadelphia Public Ledger.  "Gasoline is getting very high."  "Yes; the wolf is at the door of my  parage."���������Kansas  City Journal.  The Essential  The Sunday School teacher was  talking to her pupiis on patience.  She explained her topic carefully,  and, as an aid to understanding, she  gave each pupil a card bearing the  picture of a boy fishing.  "Even pleasure," she said, "requires the exercise of patience. See  the boy fishing. He must sit and  wait and -wait.   Pie must be patient.'  Having treated the subject very  fully she began ..with tlie simpliest,  most practical question:  "And now, can any little boy tell  me what we need most when we go  fishing?"  The answer was quickly shouted  with one voice: "Bait!"  Minard's Liniment Relieves Neural  gia.  W. N. U. 1023  The Bad Boy's Stratagem  The worst boy in tho school was  always in trouble and was the terror  of the school mistress. "What yon  ought to do," said Mrs. Bardom to the  teacher, "is to treat him with mor?.  consideration���������punish him with kindness, you know. Send him to my  house, and I'll try the etfect of my  system upon him." In due time litcia  Walter put in an appearance at th������*  house of Mrs. Bardom���������at least, a  bright looking boy appeared upon tho  scene. Mrs. Bardom showed him  round the garden, interested him  with pretty pictures, played lively  music, and then sat him down to a  good feast. "My, dear," she aske:J  eventually, "were you not extremely  unhappy when you stood in the corner  before all your classmates for punishment?"  . "Please, m'm," answered tho boy,  "it wasn't me you saw in tlie corner  ���������it was Walter,"  "But aren't you Walter, my clear?"  "No, m'm, I'm Freddie! Walter  gave me some cigarette pictures to  come here and listen to you."  A Distinguished Cabman  It is stated that Kaid Maclean is the  only man who ever drove a hansom  cab from the coast of Morocco to tha  capital. The Sultan imported the  conveyance in his craze for modernity  and civilization, but forgot to import  a cabman or to make a road,' so the  Kaid mounted the perch, whipped up  the horse, and set out on a journey  'of some hundreds of miles across the  .co������ntry. He arrived safely,'-although  on one difficult mo-untain pass the  wheels had to be taken off and tho  body of the cab carried on the back  of a camel.  Minard's  Liniment Cures  Dandruff.  Improvement of Highways  Of a total sum of $1,200,000, voted  by the Saskatchewan government for  highways' improvements, $1,002,685.84  was spent on the roads during the  year ending April 30, 1914, according  to the annual report of the Saskatchewan Highways Commission tabled in  the house a few days ago. Of this sum  $507,517.02 was spent on road improvement direct and $417,065.09 was  spent by municipalities under commission regulations. For steel bridges  and concrete abutments there was a  vote of $300,000, the total sum spent  on this class of constructon being  $337,483.18.  ���������A New* Yorker of wide experience,  has written a book telling how the  tobacco or snuff habit may be easily  and completely banished in three days  with delightful benefit. The author,  Edward J. Woods, 2S0 A, Station E,  New; York City, will mail his book free  on request. ���������  The health improves wonderfully  after the nicotine poison is out of the  system. Calmness, tranquil sleep,  clear eyes, normal appetite, good digestion, manly vigor, strong memory  and a general gain in efficiency are  among the many nervous benefits reported. Get rid of that nervous feeling; no more need of pipe, cigar, cigarette, snuff or chewing tobacco to  pacify morbid desire.  Corns, Warts, Bunions  removed for all time and without  pain, by applying Putnam's Corn and  Wart Extractor. Contains no acids,  never burns, always cures, promptly  and effectively. Use only "Putnam's."  A clergyman visiting a school, and  trying to illustrate the meaning of  conscience, asked a class of boys the  following question:  "Supposing one of you stole.a piece  of sugar and put it in your mouth,  and some ono came in���������what would  happen?"  "I'd get a thrashing," piped a small  voice.  "Yes, but your face would become  red, wouldn't it? What would make  it'do that?"  "Trying to swallow the sugar quick,  sir."  Is no more necessary  than Smallpox, A/my  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and hannlessne-tt, of Antityphoid Vaccination,  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  your family. It Is more vital than house insurance.  Ask your physician, dru-fclst, or send for "Have  you had Typhoid?" telllnc of Typhoid Vaccine,  results from use, and dancer from Typhoid Carriers.  THC CUTTER LABORATORY, BBRHELEY, GIL  Mopucma vaccinis * smums vnock u. s, soy. licikm  Shipowners Ask Protection  The government have been in communication ...with the imperial government with respect to _ the measures  taken for the safeguarding and insurance of merchant shipping under the  British flag.  It is learned that difficulties have  arisen between shippers and shipowners in consequence of the wish of  the latter to insert in bills of lading  a clause to cover obligations, which  they undertake as to any voyages  under the war risks insurance  scheme, to call at a port in tho United  Kingodm for information, instruction  or advice from the Admiralty or  some other department of the government before proceeding on the  fianl stage of the voyage. .-'  The clause in question covers the  cargo equally vitli.tho ship, and does  not prejudice the shipper's interests,  and the government hopes no further  objection will le .made to its insertion.  Minard's   Liniment   for  where.  sale   every-  Soubret���������Ravenyolp thinks a great  deal of the President.  Comedian���������Yes: tlie President did  him the best turn anyone can possibly  do an actor.  Soubret���������What was it?  Comedian���������Gave him an audience  ���������Judge.  Dr. A.���������Why do you always make  such particular inquiries -"s to what  your patients eat? Does that r.ssist.  you in your diagnosis?  Dr. Ii.���������Xot that, but it enables mo  to ascertain their social position and  arrange my foes accordingly.  "I'm all fugged out."  "What's   flip   trouble?"  "I've boon away for nix -vonlcs.resting."���������Detroit P'reo Pre;--'  THE STANDARD ARTICLE  SOLD  EVERYWHERE  REFUSE SUBSTITUTES  THE  KAISER'S  DESPAIR  Realizing  That the  End   is Near,   Ho  Makes His Will  (From Our Special Correspondent in  Berlin)  It is rumored in Germany that the  emperor now realizes that his number is up, and is accordingly making  his will, revoking all wills made heretofore.  The will is said to read as follows:  This is the last will and testament  of me Wilhelm, the superswanker and  ruler of the sausage-eaters, recognizing that I am fairly up against it, and  expecting to meet with a violent deaJi  at any minute at the hands of bravo  Johnny Bull, hereby make my last will  and testament.  I appoint the Emperor of Austria .o  be my sole executor (by kind permission of the allies;.  1. I give and bequeath to France  the territories of Alsace and Lorraine  (as this is only a case_ of returning  stolen property, I don't" deserve any  credit for it, and am not likely (���������> get  it either).  2. To Servia I give Austria.  ;���������!. To Russia I give Turkey, for the  Tzar's Christmas Dinner.  4. To Belgium I should like to give  all the thick ears, black eyes and  broken noses, that she presented me  with when I politely trespassed on her  territory.  5. To Admiral Jellicoe I give all  my Dreadnoughts, Submarines, Torpedo boat destroyers and fleet of ���������  Funkers, what's left of them. He's  bound to have them, in the end, so  this is only anticipating events.  G. To John Bull I give what's left  of my army, as his General French  seems so handy at turning my men into sausage meat, I suppose he means  to finish the job with his Kitchener,  the champion German-sausage cooker.  7. To the British museum I leave  my famous moustaches, souvenir of  the greatest swanker in this or any  other age.  S.   To Mrs. Pankhurst and the wild  women I leave my mailed fist, they'ir  find it useful, no doubt, when they resume their Militant tactics.  9. To Sir Ernest Shackleton I leave  the Pole. I've been up it for so long  that I regard it as my own property.  (Signed) H.I.M. WILHELM.  Lord of the Land, Sea and Air. Not  forgetting the Sausage and Lager Beer.  Signed by the above named WILHELM as his last will in the presence  of us his ministers and keepers present at the same time, who in his presence and ia the presence of each  other, have hitherto subscribed cur  names as witnesess.  Baron Von Sauerkraut.  Graf von Munichlagerbier.  LIGHT BOOZE  Do You Drink It?  "Are thoy we'll nir  "Perfectly.    H'ic**'* i  biles  and 'he  en n't  troit Free Pvc.y..  I.'"*"'  >\  o  !>(:-  A minister's wife had quite a tussla  with coffee and her experience is interesting.   She says:  "During the two years of my training as a nurse, while on night duty,  I became addicted to coffee drinking.  Between midnight aud four in the  morning, when the patients were  asleep, there was little to do except  make tho rounds, and it was quit---  natural that I should want a hot cup  of coffee about that time. I could  keep awake better. y  "After three or four years of coffeo  drinking I became a nervous wreck  and thought that I simply could not  live without my coffee. All this time  I was subject to frequent bilious attacks, sometimes so severe as to keep  me in bod for several days. (Tea is  just as injurious as coffee because  both contain  tho drug caffeine).  "After being married. Husband bog-  god mo to leave oil coffee for lie feared that it had already hurt me almost  beyond repair, ro I resolved to mn.ie  aril effort to release myself from th'-i  hurtful habit.  ���������'I began taking Postum and for a  few days felt tlie languid, tired feeling from the lack of tiie coffee drug:  but I liked the taste of Postum, and  that answered for the breakfast beverage all right.  "Finally I began to feel clearer-  headed and had steadier nerves. After  a year's use of Postum I now feel like  a "new woman���������have not had any bilious attacks since I left off coffee."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor. Ont. Read "The Road to  Wcllville," in pkgs.  Postum come.- in two forms:  Regular Postum���������must be well boiled,    lilc and 2u':. packages.  Instant Postum���������is a soluble powder. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly  in a cup of hot water nnd, with cream  and sugar, make:; a delicious bevor-  age Instantly.   .".0c and 50c tiu.t.  The cost per cup of both kinds is  about the same.  "There's a Heason" for T-ostum.  ���������sold   by   Grofcra.  /9* THE   SUN, < JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  ���������ma-  ��������� 4V*t ���������  Itjp dranilFnrka ������������n "���������tbe ***��������� In ������r"" s"li,y  G.  A.   EVANS,  EDITOR  AND   PUBLISHER  0������'it)    lOUl   One Year (In advance)   One Year, In United States  1.00 1  l.ftO  Address all communications to  ThbGrakdForks Son.  1'honb R14 Grand Pohks, B.C  FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 27,   1914  In Mexico the granting of concessions to coporationB and   the  giving  away of the  people's lands to large  holders has produced years interne  cine strire, which has   now  culmin  ated in a state of anarchy.    In Brit  ish Columbia   the government   has  squandeted   the'  people's   heritage  with   the same   prodigality, but up  to the present time the electors have  manifested   no   disapproval of this  lavish treatment of the inteiests and  the land grabbers ,  It requires as much courage to iv-  main at home and to do everything  in one's power to maintain condi  tions at a normal state as it di es lo  fight in tbe trenches on the battlefield. The merchant, farmer or artisan who capitulates at the first  sign of adversity is like the soldier  who 'al's an easy prisons r to the  enemy.  Too much reliance should not be  pi iced oh the rumors of peace agita  tions iii Germany. It is our opinion  tl at the man who starts a move  merit of this nature in-that country  at present will soon be without a  had.  Rumors of a federal election in  the near future are once more rife  throughout the Dominion. There  is no more need of a general election  at the present time than there was  at. the outbreak of the war.  their desire for the amber fluid tbey  imported    twenty four   cases   from  England in 1875, storing half  of  it  suBBOBiPTioN katbs : { at their store in   ICerenieos,   and the  Xear $1.50  balance   underneath   the    shop, at  'Rock Creek One fi< e morning the  judge he<ird a greatcn-sh, and making his way to tbe cellar he found  that owing to the rotten condition  of the uprights the shelves had given  way, flooding tbe place with ale and  broken bottles. Only six bottles  were saved intact. This wns* a sad  sight for the judge and his partner.  But let us draw a veil over that calamity of the. early days.  A  man   with  a  lantern was sent  into the cellar to carry out the dead  marines,    out   in    n^vv    posts  nnd  shelves, and sprinkle the floor  with  Florida    water.     While   digging   a  hole for a new po*������t he saw gold glittering   in    the   light of the lantern.  He took a'handful':)nd showed it to  the judge.     Mr. Nicholson   filled   a  pan with.the dirt, carrying   <he ye'-  low stuff and wished it in Ihe creek.  That    was    the    richest pan of gold  ever panned in Rock Creek.  It went  8857 to the one   p>m. - The   China  men   standing  around   became <-x  cited and obtaining p-rmission they  cleaned    up   the   cellar and secured  $150.    Pieces   of   lotten   buckskin  proved that the find was a forgotten  cache.    The gold was different from  that found   along   Rock   Creek and  evidently   had   come   from Idaho.  OK'inagan Smith, of Osoyoos. claimed the gold, saying that he had been  robbed of   that  amount     This did  not go with the judge, for he simply  wrote a brief letter lo Smith saying,  1'Finders keepers."  Don't  wait too long  to  have' that  reset.   Your diamond set  while you wait.  We have a  nice line of  mounts in stock now  A. D. MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS. B.C.  PflMfiRFTF f.n  uUllUBlLEL UUaj  W.J. GALIPEAU,. MANAGER ���������  Contractors for   Cement  Sidewalks,   Foundations   and  Basements.  ���������Manufacturers of Concrete Fence   Posts   and   l*oncrete  Building Blocks of evei-ydescriijtiun.  Silos constructed  of  concrete   blocks   are '  frost-proof and practically   indestructible.  Write u<* for estimates in any kind of concrete work.  CONCRETE SILOS  OF IHE CITY  M  Svmes and C. C  Heaven,of H< ly  Trinity church parish, left for   Net  son on Tuesday to attend the synod  of the diocese which was   nailed  for  '.he   purpose   of   electing -tlie first  bishop of Kootenay. Ther-- we-eover  i00cli-ri al and lay   delegates   pies  ������-i t at the- meeting. * The Rev. Al*-x,  ander Joh 1 Doull, dean of Caltdonia  and rector of Christ-church   cathre  dnl,    Victoria,   since     1910,   -was  oftVred the bishopric,   hut   he. asked  for time in which to eon.-ider the ac  eeptacee, of the. post.  Losi���������Lady's watch,' with gold  pii'i, on Bridge street, between Yale  liot.el and Annson's shoe shop  Fiiiri.-r leave word with Mrs. \V. J.  G-llipf-ui. ���������������������������  i** *  W. J. Cook, grand superintendent  of the Royal Arch Masons, returned  on Friday from Revelstoke,  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  Il is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and - is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS &Hac.  gulating Fill for Women, $5 a box or three for  $10. _ Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt ol price. Thb Scobell Dkuq  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.  PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.  -^ffSS  Vitality; for Nerve and Brain; increases "gTey  matter'; & Tonic���������will build you up. 13 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt  of priceaThs Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines,  Ontario.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Bigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  In war times every "community  has some men posing as fighters  who could not be pulled to the front  with log-chains, and the present conflict if no exception.  Boundary Ancient History  More than fifty years ago a placer  miner built a very substantial cabin  near the mouth of Rock Creek.    He  made adobe bricks and built a chimney with two fireplaces.    The work  was well done,   and  the  prospector  had evidently learned the   bricklay  ing   trade.    He also   built a large  cellar underneath the building,   tor  years the building  was   used   as   a  store.    One   night   it burned down  all but the chimney.    This was left  standing, and as the fire had changed  the adobe   into real  bricks, a new  building   was   built  around and to  the   standing   chiuuuey.    In" 1873  Price  & Nicholson   kept a store in  this  building,   selling  all  kinds of  goods for fur and gold   dust.   They  continually packed goods from June  to   November over the Hope trail.  Price was fond of Bass' ale,  and so  An effort is   being   made' bv   the  citizens   ot   Phoenix   to  induce the  Granby     company   to   operate   its  mines and smelter in the   Boundary  On a small scale during  the coming  winter in order to  furnish  work for  some of the unemployed in this district,   and   this week a  deputation  from that town is having  a   confer  ence on the subject with the officials  of   the     company   at    Vancouver.  Whether  or  not the  company resumes operations  in this district at  an   early   date  will depend entirely  on   the  conclusion  reached   at that  conference.     It is said that the Phoenix delegation is   urging   the   company   to   blow  in thMe or four furnaces.    This   would   give   employment   to   the   married  miners and  8meltermen in Phoenix   and   Grand  Forks.    It   is  stated that   the New  York   directors   are   not   averse to  keeping  their Boundary   properties  in operation, provided the   manage  ment can do so without entailing  a  loss to the company.  Rev. P. C. Hay man, C. A S. Atwood and F. R. S. Barlee, of Christ  church parish, and J. T.  Lawrence,  \n Evening With Mozaf t  The musical society-is progressing  favorably with preparations and  practice for the evening with Mozart,  to be given in the-Baptist church on  Friday, December 4.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try Itl Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If ycu car--* for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is radian^ with  life; has an incomparable softness and  Is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.-  Just. one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair^of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a fevorishness axid itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it  Will beautify the 'home and  give a rich appearance and  finish to a room that cannot  be given in any other way.  Our. new papers will enable  you to do this. See our samples and be convinced.  Woodlandd&Quinn  The Rexall Druggists  THE  London Directory  .' (l'ubllshod'Annually)  liuables trnders  throughout  the   world   to  - , .     communicate direct with.English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contaius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply *  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centrcspf the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be fjr-  warded, freight paid, on recoipt of Postal  Order for $5.-  ' Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from S15.  TICK BY THE 000!  S  They are usually best  and most satisfactory  in the end.  BOTLED BEEB  a home product of  real merit. Get a  a case today and try it  now.   Ask for. it.  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY  THE LONDON DIRECT  LTD.  ���������25. Abchurch Lane, -.London,   E.C  W. F. ROBINS  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  Yale  Barber Shop^  Razor Honing a Specialty..  GRAND FORKS MEAT MARKET  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  The Sun only costs SI a year,  prints all the news:  It  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed that lays  persistently.  YEARLING  HENS  FOR SALE.  S, CR. I, RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  E.E.W- MILLS ���������VSm  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE.AT PETRIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  P.: A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  GLUTEI  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  irom F. E. Shantz' Office, Bridge Street  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  ���������npriqhuble freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, ��������� THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  HANSEN SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Yonr  Gait Goal  H  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  Ffrst Street  TKIiF.I'HONI'S;  Office, Kllfl ��������� ���������  HANSF..N-B KF.8IPENCK.K38  Geo. E. Massie  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forks, B. G.  nartinflulleo  .   All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN    '  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Grand   Eorks Transfer  PHONE 129  Solo Agents for  Teaming of All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage at All  Trains.  Mclntyre 8  Mclnnis, Proprietors  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.    It is  the brightest paper in the Boundary country THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  "1  Si  Every Reader of Tlie Sun May  Have a Yfdx Map Free  A MAP 3������x2|* feet, showing ?  clearly ' every   boundary, \.  every city, every town, village, ���������  hamlet and river in the whole."  European War area.   Each map  in a neat folder of convenient  size.  THE Family Herald and  Weekly Star of Montreal  has secured exclusive : rights for  the War Map prepared by. the  celebrated map firm of Gr. W.  Bacon & Co., Ltd., of London,  Eng. It is beyond question the  most comprehensive map printed  THE SU1-T has completed arrangements by which our  readers can . secure a copy of  this excellent map free of charge.  f  Here Is Our Of f er Good  For 15 Days Only  THE price of The Family  Herald and Weekly Star,  Canada's Greatest Newspaper,  is one dollar a year.  THE price of The Grand Forks  Sun is one dollar a year,'  WE now offer both papers  one year each, including  a copy of The Family Herald's  War Map, size 30x40 inches, in  a neat folder of con- ff j PA  venient size for only  iB*-������eW  THIS offer applies to all subscribers, new or renewal,  who pay for the two papers in*-  side* next 30 days from this date.  TO follow the war situation intelligently The Family Herald War Map is necessary. It  should be in every Canadian  Home.  Hm  Order at Once  Irand Forks Sun  Coincident with a declaration in  she British house of commons made  last week that copper is an absolute  contraband of war, it is possible that  not only the great.copper producing  companies of the United States will  be forced to close until either the  war is over or the embargo is raised,  but that also the copper producers  of Canada, particularly British Columbia, will undergo an enforced  idleness.  The pronouncement-, made last  week as far it affects the copper in  tereats ifi the United States means a  reduction* of 800,000,000 pounds of  the metal annually, and a loss of  $144,000,000 each year the embargo  exists. This is according to an  American estimate made last Saturday. '  Copper .properties in the United  States in many places are operating  under half capacity. The present  war price of copper is less than 12  cents, as against 15 cents one year  ago.  The greatest copper producer in  Canada is the Granby . Consolidated  Miniug.Smelting & Power company,  which was forced to shut down us  Grand Forks plant immediately  after war was declared, its northern  holdings are still in operation, and  according to F. M. Sylvester,'general manager, with offices in the  Birks building, Vancouver, there is  a chance that the company will be  obliged to curtail if the present price  is maintained, and if the embargo  centinues.  "It is our hope and intention to  keep going,'1 .says Mr. Sylvester.  "We woeld regret to be forced to  shut down.- : Certain conditions, of  course, might- force ���������,this upon us.  There is a. certain price at which  copper can not be mined and sold,  and added to that a restriction of  market would mean the inevitable.  "We have 800 men on our payroll, and we have not as yet reduced  the wages of these men, although  every salaried employee, those paid  monthly, have had their cheques  cut from fop to bottym.  "The situation, although not at  this time encouraging, may change.  We are looking forward to a change  for the better, so that we may not  have to shut down or reduce wages  further.  "We are looking for sunlight  through the dark clouds "  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin?' digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time it! In Ave minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food,; no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besldes.it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  surest and most harmless stomach  doctor in the world. ���������_  "Three Squares a Day"  In spite of war and the horrors of  war a vast number of Canadians . are  going to need "three squares a day,"  just as in times of peace. They are  going to need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc.. too, aud a surprising lot of  them will go on buying luxuries as  well.  The bottom hasn't fallen out of  trade. On the contrary a new bottom has been put in.. Live advertisers are going after the new business,  new markets, new fields made possible  by this great and unfortunate war.  Just as modern methods of warfare  will add new efficiency, new features  to this "war, so modern methods of  sellidg���������through real advertising and  merchandising���������will add new effic  iericy to the commercial effort set in  motion by the war.  American manufacturers have dis  covered that owing.to the shutting off  of German exportations they have a  brand new market at their doors for  such commodities as chemicals, drugs,  medicines, copper and manufactures,  cotton goods,"earthen stone and china-  ware, glass and glassware, malt  liquors, spirits, wines, silk manufactures, fruit and nuts, gloves, embroidery, hats, steel and iron manu  factures, toys. etc.  The American advertisers are readjusting themselves with wonderful  rapidity and are redoubling their efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied them. Those who hesitate  will lose a tremendous opportunity  and be handicapped for months, perhaps years, to come.  What about us Canadians'?  GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cotton-Lisle  HOSIERY  They have stood the test. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Never becomes loose or baggy. The shape is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for .fineness, style,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  stainless. Will wear 6 months without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to every one sendlnfi* us J1.00 in currency  or postal note, to cover advertisim? and  shipping: expenses, we will send post-paid,  with written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, either  3 PAIRS OFOUR 75C. VALUE  American S1U Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-Lisle Hosiery,  OR   6 PAIR8 OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, siae.ana whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer in yoar locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  P. ������. BOX 244  dayton; ohio. u. s. a.  For Rent���������Piano, $3   per month  also front furnished room;  all   con  veniences; two minutes from school,  ten from post office. Phone US.   W  E. Chandler, real estate office.  The Sun gathers   and   prints   the.  news first.    It is not a pirate.  The  Sun   is  the  best newspaper  value in the Boundary country.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture     ade   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  KAVANAGH & McClTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENDB  The Seedless Tomato  "Doty's Navel Tomato" promises  to be a valuable addition to our list  of vegetables, A. J. Doty, an enthusiastic amateur plant breeder and  horticulturist of Porterville, Cal.,  having evolved a tomato of extreme  size, which is to the usual vegetable  what the navel orange is to the ordi-'  nary fruit. The resemblance is  borne out by the navel formation at  the blossom end of the fruit, where  the navel characteristics appear.  In common with the navel orange,  the new tomato ia almost entirely  seedless, the usual seed pulp being  replaced by solid flesh.  Mr. Doty was at work on the tomato for several seasons before he  secured tbe production of them true  to type from season to season. The  inexplicable characteristic of the  fruit is found in the fact that the  early tomatoes from the vines contain seeds, but after the first few  riperi the remaining ones are absolutely without seeds. The value of  these tomatoes for packing is obvious.    The young fool is not excusable  on the ground that there is no fool  like an old fool.  War  urope  has been responsible for a rapid  rise in the cost of a large number  of articles in Canada and the purchasing power of a dolar has been  considerably curtailed.  In Grand Forks the SUN PRINT  SHOP is still producing that high  class Commercial and Society  Printing which brings a repeat  order from our patrons, at the  same fair prices.  High class printing costs no more  than the other kind, in fact it's  cheaper. Let us submit samples  and ''quote you prices on your  stationery requirements. Phone  R 74 for prompt service.  ������  :e Sun Print Shop  i THE    SOT,    GKANIT^FQRKS,    B. C.  <*m'i.t.K.<  mtnttriwrvne?vrs~gFi  i  2   -.  ������'���������'  V' /���������  V\':  "���������Si  J ,  .!���������'������.  S&'r.  4W  ��������� #? '-  I������?'  I#*  m-  '*&:s  -"?>''���������  ] MS)-.  il*-  'Mr-  mi.  emnhmayon  esh  DESK WORK  EXACTS PENALTIES  Liver and Bowelis slow down.  Tono them up with  25c and 60c at all Druggists and  Stores. TakejAbbey Vita Tablets for  Sick Nerves. .  The Way of tne Frog  The extent to which the actions of  animals are determined by pure unreasoning instinct is a .matter of some  dispute. It has been stated that, a  frog will snap' at any small moving  object regardless' of its character and  of hunger or .satiety. Some experiments seem lo indicate that the frog  is capable of greater discrimination  than has been credited to him. Thus,  for example, a frog was offered hairy  caterpillars, which it promptly seized  and irith equal promptness spat out i  again. But after about from four <to J  seven such injudicious attempt the  frog had learned his lesson, and thereafter refused similar fare.*:In another  experiment earthworms were so connected with; a source pf electricity  that the frog received a shock on  touching the worm. The frog duly devoured the prey and showed no sighs  of discomfort. However, he refused  for seven days to touch another  species.of worms. Similarly the frog  could be taught to avoid vorms on  which oil of cloves or aclcium chloride  had been spread, although such "doctored" prey was not spit out, but only  digested. ������������������,  Use of Rubber  in   Mending  Body  When tissues or organs of the body  are damaged and living grafts are  not available for repairs, inert substances are sometimes introduced to  replace bone, cartilage or* fat. Silver  lias proven a very valuable material  supplied by the metals, and paraffin  has. been found suitable for certain  applications.  The use of rubber for internal  mending is a quite recent subject of  experiment. About five years ago Dr.  Sullivan,- an American physician,  showed that the bileduct could be replaced with a rubber tube, and since  then sheet rubber has been successfully tried for such purposes as closing the aperture in a damaged blood  vessel and repairing the torn abdominal wall of a hernia victim. The  rubber patches tend to become covered .with''living tissue after a few  months.  "./.-  The ..-latest idea is that of Fieschi,  the Italian surgeon, who replaces lost  substance with porous sponge of rubber, into 'which living cells penetrate,  and thus build up new tissue. A tampon of rubber sponge effectively closed the aperture in two operations for  hernia of the thigh.  It-Testifies.For Itself.���������Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil needs no testimonial of  its powers other than itself. Whoever  tries it for coughs or colds, for cuts  or contusions, for sprains or burns,  for pains in the limbs or body, well  know that the medicine proves itself  and needs no guarantee. This shows  why this Oil is in general use.  Transmission of Sound Through Water  Sound is transmitted through water  faster than through air aud far more  accurately, both as to direction and  volume. Submarine signals have been  employed in various forms for the  purpose of preventing collisions of  vessels at sea. A new-type of warning device has been perfected, to be  used under water, in the form of an  electric oscillator or vibrator. This is  attached to the inner side of the vessel's hull and is capable"of transmitting a note through the water, a distance of more than 25 miles.  The sound waves are produced in  the oscillator by the vibration of a  diaphragm, which obtains its motion  from electrical impulses induced in a  cylinder of copper inside a casing,  suspended in an electromagnet. .The  sounds are received by a similarly  constructed .mechanism of reverse  action. In making tests of the machine, a song from a talking machine  record was plainly heard, in a tank:  of water located a good distance from,;  the source. It is said that the echo  which is returned to the ship from an  iceberg or other object can be utilized to prevent disasters.  !������g������  I/linard's Liniment'Cures Burns, etc.  Good Enough  "Hallo, kiddy," said little Jennie's  uncle, as he met her going to school.  "What's the matter?"  "Mummie won't let me go fishing  with Charlie after school," she whimpered, on the verge of tears.  "Never mind, dear.   Why not?"  "Don't know, but I ain't goin'!"  . "You musn't say 'ain't,' Jen," remonstrated her uncle. "You must say  'I am not going, he is not.going, she  is not going, we are not going, you are  not going.' "  The child fixed her eyes on him attentively.  "Now, do you think you can remember all that?" lie inquired kindly.  Jennie's face lightened up.  "Sure, uncle, course I can. There  ain't none of us gdin'!"  Pnnce   of  Wales'   Motto  According to a press correspondent,  Welshmen have a theory abcut "Ich  Dien," based on a tradition that at  his birth which took place at Carnarvon- Edward II. y/a'-j presented, in  the arms of a nurse, to a gathering of  Welsh chieftains.  His father, Edward I., pointing lo  the baby,- is said to have exclaimed,  "Eich dyn," the Welsh for "Your  man."  The pronunciation of this Welsh  phrase is the same as "Ich dien," to  which it has, it is suggested, been  corrupted since.  Remembering that this baby was  the first English Prince of Wales, the  Welsh explanation of "Ich dien" is  not unreasonable, however, it may  strike at the roots of the historical  derivation, from the arms of the blind  King of Bavaria, defeated in battle  by a former famous Prince of Wales.  Critic's Highest Function  To ascertain the master current in  the literature of an epoch, and to distinguish this from all minor currents,  is the critic's highest function; in discharging it he shows how far he possesses the most indispensable quality  of his .office���������justness of spirit.���������Matthew Arnold.  iralgia  ' Tommy is a very precocious youngster, and has an answer for almost  every one. A few mornings ago his  father was talking to him about  sleepinf late in the morning. "Pa,"  said Tommy, "do you Icnow that light  travels 136,300 feet per second?"  "Yes," replied the father, "but  what of that?"  "Why, if it goes as fast as tha-:  is it any wonder that it gets up in  the morning before I do?" asked  Tommy.   And the father subsided.  Corns and warts disappear when  treated with Holloway's Corn Cure  without leaving a scar.  Madge���������Would you marry a spendthrift, my dear?  Marjorie���������It wouldn't be so bad if  he were just starting out on his  career.���������Answers.  First Student���������I'm so' glad you've  taken Greek!    '  Second. Student���������I havn't taken it;  I've only been exposed to it.���������Yale Record.  Skin Much Inflamed, Itched and  Smarted. Could Not Wear  Shoes.   Cuticura Soap and Oint-j  ment Entirely Healed.   -���������   Victoria St.,* Thctford Mines "West, Quo.  ���������"Ono day I was repairing a valve on top  of a boiler whon a steam pipo closo to my  feet burst scalding both. Blisters canio on my feet and I  Ifcfr .-J' could not wear my shoes. Tho  (f " . "**/ skin was very much Inflamed  and It gavo me such pain that  I could not sleep at night. I  was treated for leu days with  no improvement so tried ointments but none did any good.  "Ono day I camo across tho Cuticura  advertisement and decided lo try a sample  Tlio Cuticura Soap and Ointment gave mo  such relief and slopped tho ilehing and  smarting so quickly that I bought a bos  of Cuticura OiuUnent and somo moro  Cuticura Soap. Now tho wounds aro  entirely healed and tho scars havo quito  disappeared." (Signed) "William Neck,  Jan. 31, 1011.  Samples Free by Mail  Jn selecting a toilet soap why not procure  one possessing delicato emollient properties  Eufllcient to allay minor irritations, rcmovo  redness and roughness, prevent pore-clogging, soften and sootlio sensllivo conditions,'  and promote skiu and scalp health gnnoraliyf  Such a soap combined with the purest of  saponaceous ingredients and most fragrant  and refreshing of flower odors, is Cuticura  Soap. Cuticura Soap and Cuticura Oint-  iuentarosold by druggists and dealers everywhere. Liberal samplo of each mailed froo'  iwith .'{2-p. Skin Hook. Address post-card  '���������Cuticura, JDcpt. D, "Uoston, U. S. A.*'  W. ti. U. 102?  PLEASED TO RECOMMEND  BABY'S OWN TABLETS  Mrs. Henri Bernier, Anceline, Que.,  writes.: "It is with pleasure that I recommend: Baby's Own Tablets, which'  I have given my little ones for stomach and bowel troubles, constipation,  loss of sleep and simple fevers. No  mother of young children should be  without them." The Tablets are guaranteed to be free from injurious drugs  and may be given to the youngest  child with perfect safety and good results. They are sold by medicine-dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box from  The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  The  Canny  Scot  As Sandy holed out on the first  green his friend from over the border  asked:  "And how many strokes did you  take?"  "Eight," replied the Scot.  "All," said the Englishman. "I  took seven; so that's my hole."  The Scotsman ventured no reply;  but when on the second green the  Englishman repeated his former-question, and made inquiry as to the number of strokes taken by his opponent,  the latter nodded his head, and, with  an expression of infinite wisdom on  his face, gently murmured:  "Nay, nay, my mannie; this time  it's my turn to ask first."  This     Letter.   Tells    of     Wonderful  Change Effected  by Dr. Chase's  Nerve  Food  Mr. James G. Clark, Fosterville,  York county, N.B., writes: "I have  been a great sufferer from what -the  doctors said was. neurlagia of the  heart. The pain started in the back  of the;neck and v/orked v.own into the  region of the heart. Though I had  taken a lot of medicine-.'of'..one kind  and another, I could not get anything  to help me.until I used Dr. Chase's  Nerve Food. *"*  "When L began this treatment I  could not rest in bed, except by sitting  upright, on account of the dreadful  painr. about the heart and the quick,  loud beating. The change which Dr.  Chase's Nerve Pood has made in my  condition is wonderful. It has entirely overcome these symptoms, and  is making me strong and well. If this  statement will help to relieve the suffering of others, you are at liberty to  use it."  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food is a true  tonic and the greatest of nerve restoratives. 50 cents a box, G for $2.50:  ���������fill dealers, or Edmanson, Bates & Co.,  Limited, Toronto.  ���������t     ,���������_ __  An Obvious Truth  Among those visiting an art exhibition held recently in Cincinnati was  an old German who wandered about,  looking at. the paintings with interest.  Finally, he stopped before a portrait  which showed a man sitting in j.  high-backed chair. Tacked to the  frame was a small white placard,  reading: "A portrait of J. F. Jones,  by himself." .-.-���������..  The aged Teuton read the card, and  then chuckled sarcastically:  "Vot fools is dese art beoples," he  muttered. "Anybody dot looks at dot  picture vould know dot Jones is by  himself. Nobouy else is in der picture."  The Correct Count  Jather and the three children were  to give mother a birthday gift in combination. The youngest child was selected to make the presentation address. She prepared for it carefully,  and thus delivered it in due season:  "Dear, mamma, tho gift is presented  to you by your three children and  your one husband."  Baltimore, Md., Nov. 11, 1903.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Sirs,���������I came across a bottle of  your MINARD'S LINIMENT in the  hands of one of the students a*, the  University of Maryland, and he being  so kino, as to let me use it for a very-  bad sprain, which I obtained in training for foot races, and to say that it  helped me would be putting it very  mildly, and I therefore "ask if you  would let me know of one of your  agents that is closest to Baltimore so  that I may obtain some of it. Thanking you in advance I remain,  Yours truly,  W. C. McCDEAN,  14 St. Paul street,  Care Oliver Typewriter Co.  P.S.���������Kindly answer at once.  Circumvent Import Prohibiton  The attention of the government  has been directed to attempts by  United States commission houses to  circumvent the orders in council prohibiting the importation to Canada of  German and Austrian goods.  Letters have been sent by these  houses to Canadian merchants offering to supply goods manufactured in  enemy countries, All such goods sent  to Canada will be confiscated and  Canadian merchants are appealed to  on patriotic grounds to give no  commercial patronage to the enemy's  industries.  A Possible'Result  A good "story is told on a Washington lawyer. At a trial in Baltimore he summoned as a witness a  youthful physician, and naturally in  the cross-examination he seized the  occasion to be sarcastic. "Are you,"  demanded the lawyer, 'entirely familiar with the symptoms of concussion of the brain?" The young physician replied, "Yes, sir, I am." Then  tlie smart lawyer put a hypothetical  case before the doctor, in this way:  "If my learned friend, Mr. Reid, and  myself should bang our heads together, would we get concussion of  the brain?" The young physician  calmly replied, "Mr. Reid might."  ���������^���������pALK to a representative sporting goods  ' dealer or a big game hunter about game  rifles and Remington-UMC-js on his tongue  in a minute. "*--  He knows  that Remington-UMC Big Game Rifles  have stood the test of actual service use.' He feels safe  in recommending them to friend and customer, as a  friendly favor or a business transaction.  Let your sporting goods dealer show you the Rem  ington-UMC High^ Power Slide Action Repeaters-  .25 Rem., .30 Rem., .32 Rem., ,38-AO Rem. and .44  Rem; calibres.   He either has them in stock already,  or can get them for you.  To keep your Run cleaned nnd lubricated right, use Rem Oil,  tho new powder solvent, rust preventative, und gun lubricant.  REMINGTON ARMS-UNION METALLIC CARTRIDGE CO.  Wind nor, Ontario  Guard   the   rising   generation . by    using   always  in   the  home  EDDY'S  "SES-QUI"  NON-POISONOUS MATCHES  Positively harmless to children, even if accidentally  swallowed, because the composition with which the  heads are tipped,  contain no poisonous ingredients  THE KAISER'S MANNER OF WARFARE  "TO   PARIS OR  DIE.  Twilight has driven its shadows,  'Within the rest-giving glades,  Counselling   retreat     'mong     the  echoes,  .   Away from the front barricades;  Sleep, like an angel of-mercy,  Flutters an hour or two,  Over the whole battalion,  Poising to bid it adieu.  Then, as if 'twere a moment,  The silver threads of the dawn  Tickle the eyes of the soldiers,"  To tell them of sleep come and  .".-v."."   gone;  Instant, the lines range in silence,  Awaiting tho foe to appear,  Watching the far-away hill-crest,  To stay his onward career.  Wrath has its war-engines ready,  .Man unto man all in place���������  Still  scanning  the  fringe    of,-the  sky-line  To find what there is to efface:  "See! yonder they come!" runs the  whisper,  "Their  line    is    thousands    in  length!"  "Steady there, lads!" runs the order,  ""They have    lines    beyond    for  their strength!"  Wrath has its war-engines ready,  Eager the word to obey:���������  "Marksmen, give heed to your eyesight,  "And hold the rascals at bay!"  "Fire!" and the roar of destruction  Litters the brow of the hill,  Sweep after flash a-following,  With nothing'to do but to kill.  Lo! and behind comes a filling  '."' Of gaps in the staggering line;.  And again the sweep of the marksmen  Fulfils its deadly design:  Once, twice, and thrice, there's a  dropping  Of wounded and dead all a-heap:  Once, twice and thrice,- the in-filling  Continues    as    sweep    follows ���������  sweep.  As    climb they the ramparts of  slain:  "Slaughter,   God   save     us,    what  wots it,  "If the slaughter but win us the  day?  "'Tis    not    for    a -German    to  grumble,  "The Kaiser we all must obey!"  "Hasten then up the advancing  "A fourth    reinforcement    with  aid!"  What!  aid to a rampart of bloodshed,  Be-huddled brigade by brigade-?  Can courage climb over that rampart,  Or break through,that wall of the  dead���������  Built up, as it were, of our bravest,  -   While wrestling witli fate overhead?���������  Horses and men in their trappings,  The victims of far-away wrath.  Struck sudden by no one advancing,  O'erwhelmed  by    disaster    and  death?  O God! what an ending to bravery,  As it scrambles around its despair���������  Harnessed to pride and the warfare  Of a Kaiser daring to dare!  Flee, flee ye away from the carnage,  The cry is a "saiive qui pent!"  Flee,  flee  from    such    battlefield  slaughter,  With no one near to pursue!  Ay, flee from the wrath    of such,  thunder,  And  the   cloud-bursts   from   out  yonder glade!  Turn, turn  from  that  rampart of  carnage,  And    its    roadway    of    horrors  evade!  Once and again there's a stampede  To run from the hurricane,  "To Paris or die!" its allaying  Victory! you say.    Who says it?  Fatigue enforcing retreat.  Sweeping the crest of the hillside,  Where ruin and rescue have met?  Say it again!    Then pray ye  That the good-will of peace mend  "its gait���������  To rescue the twentieth century  "-From a Kaiser whose wrath's out  of date!   :��������� ���������J. M. Harper.  "There are two methods of making warfare" says General Joft'ro.  "One is to employ troops in masses and the other is to fight in extended"  order. The former is the German method. It is immensely costly in life,  but our opponents can afford it for- two reasons, namely, their immense  superiority of numbers, and the fact that their men are so disciplined  to mechanical obedience that they fight best when closely held together under the personal command of their officers. In other words, the  generalship of the French and British allies is to save the lives of the  men under command as far as possible, whereas the generalship of the  Germans is to sacrifice life ad libitum, in victory or defeat. Is tlie Kaiser  a Teuton marauder resuscitated from the centuries of mediaevalism'.'  J  that  "What's the matter: scared o  bov that's chasing you'.'"  "No."  "Then what are you running away  from him for?"  "I'm not running away. I'm Just retreating  for  strategical   purposes."���������  | Detroit Free Press.  Con5^ipatson****^->-^*������������  is an enemy within the camp. It will  undermine the strongest constitution  and ruin the mast vigorous health.  It leads to indigestion, biliousness,  impure blood, bad complexion, sick  headaches, and is one of the most-  frequent causes of appendicitis. To  neglect it is slow suicide. Dr. Morse's  Indian Root Pills positively cure  Constipation. They arc entirely  vegetable in composition and do not  eirken, weaken or gripe. Presery*  your health by taking  Dr. Morse's    "  Ira-diaz* Root Pills  To Correct German Ignorance .  . A Reuter's despatch from Tiie  Hague says a Dutch company has  been formed, under the presidency of  Dr. Fruin, keeper of the state archives  with the purpose of restoring the library at Louvain which was destroyed  by the Germans. Many of the country's prominent persons have been  invited to participate.  Miller's Worm Powders can do no  injury to the most delicate child. Any  child, infant or in the state of adoles-  ence, who is infested with worms can  take this prepaartion without a qualm  of the stomach, and will find in it a  sure relief and a full protection from  these destructive pests, which are responsible for much sickness and great  suffering  to legions  of little  ones.  A Profusion of Telephones  There are in Stockholm about  eighty thousand .telephone subscribers  for a population of a little over three  hundred and fifty thousand, or one  for every four and a half inhabitants.  Practically speaking, there is not a  person iu Stockholm who has not the  telephone or who cannot be reached  by it. The telephone exists not only  in nearly every house and every shop,  even the humblest, but in most houses  on every floor, and in hotels they  are in every room in the establishment. In the principal streets and  thoroughfares there are telephone  kiosks which any passerby can enter and use by dropping a penny in  the slot.  Puzzled Diner to restaurant waiter)���������What have you got for dinner?  Waiter ��������� Roastbeeffricaseedchiek-  enstewedlambhashbakedandfriedpola-  toesjampuddingmilkandcoffoc.  Puzzled Diner���������Give me the third,  fourth, fifth, sixth, eighteenth and  nineteenth syllables.  Granulated Eyelids.'  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dusland Wiml  quickly relieved by IHurins  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  -r      ^       . iust Eye Comfort.    At  Your Druggist's 50c per "Bottle. Murine Eva  SalvemTube925c. ForBookoiliieEycrreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago THE    SUN,    GRAXD    FORKS,    B.C.  f    >!  SOME LETTERS RECEIVED FROM  1 IN THE FIGHTING LINE  OPINIONS EXPRESSED OF TROOPS OF THE ENEMY  Estimates of the  Fighting Qu. lities of  the  German Troops by  NSome of the British Soldiers at the Front���������Have Little  Respect For Their Methods  In a letter which has just been received in London, an -officer in the  Cavalry Division now serving. in  France, pays a magnificent tribute to  the resoluto spirit, courage and endurance of British troops. The following;  are extracts-from the letter:  1 am writing this by the roadside, so  excuse writing. We've had the hell of  a time. All by ourselves���������the English  against a force of Germans five times  as"big. Our troops have been wonderful. Beat to the world ,tired and hungry, they have fought grandly, but  they are well-worn now. The infantry  were grand and the cavalry saved  them again and again, covering their  retreat in magnificent manner. I am  coming back all right, never fear.  Have been in such tight corners,_and  under such fire, that if I was meant to  go I should have gone by now I am  sure.  I have just found, my kit. I haven't  changed anything for a week or taken  off my boots for live days. I looked,  "too. filthy for words, and have been  looking after my own horse, and'have  ridden one all the time as I could  not get the others..He is rather beat,  but he is a real plucked one. and refuses to go lame. He keeps his condition well, too, considering. I .hope'.I  Bhall pick up the others today.  Z hear our navy has "done well, and  also Russia. We've fought rear-guard  actions now for a week, and I don't  think any troops in the world, could  have done it except us and, perhaps,  the Japanese. The infantry are too  pitiable for words in some cases, but  they stagger on, and never oncehave  I met a straggler laboring on but lm  .has had his rie still and forced a  smile whether wounded or not.  I am so dreadfully sorry for the in-.  habitants. Their villages set on fire  by shells, and they -running about  ���������with, their few precious things not  snowing where to go. ��������� Truly war is a  most awful thing. I never realized  it before. All the people are awfully  good to us. * * * I've been very  hungry at time! Never had more than  three hours' sleep a night last week,  and not always that. I hope and- expect things will look \xj soon.  I hear the 600th Rifle --Brigade and  Guards have covered themselves with  glory. I haven't seen them. >:' * *  The convents are grand and the nuns  splendid. We were done awfully well  by them. We subscribed to one "between ourselves.  Later.���������I have found my horses at  the town where all Ihe cavalry were  suppo'sed to concentrate. My servant  says���������he -heard I was dead, and he  never thought to see me again. That  all "comes from the squadron being  split up the other afternoon under a  heavy fire. Awful affair. So if I am  reported dead or missing >don't believe it, as'l am not.  Two wounded Highlanders, who  have reached Glasgow from the Mons  fighting line, declare that the German  infantry could not shoot "for nuts:"  It was the shrapnel and lyddite shells  that did the damage. The accuracy of  the enemy's'artillery was marvellous,  .bt-V the aeroplanes!first of.all flew at.  a great height over the Allies' entrenchments and hurried back with information regarding the range.  ���������We of the Argyll and Sutherland  Highlanders took up a position facing  a wood where the Germans were in  strong force. As they emerged our  boys met them withu a ��������� raking rifle  fire, which mowed them down. On  thoy came again and again with the  same devastating result. Their bullets  came whistling around us, but we  were indifferent, the markmanship being very poor. The German infantry,  carry their rifles under, their arms,  the" butts resting on their hips, and  they fii-d as they march. As the enemy  poured out en masse into the open It  was like the exodus from the Celtic  and Rangers Scottish Cup final! Man,  if they were only three to one we  could go through them easily, but  when it comes to 10 to one strategy  as well as bravery has to be considered. '  A favorite position for the enemy  to take up is behind massed stooks of  grain, where they are unseen. At  night time they advance to new points  of attack, and c.3 soon as daylight  breaks, their fusillade of heavy firing  is renewed. Many of the Germans,  when captured, present a pitiful spectacle, and frequently drop on. their  knees beseeching mercy. The British  regiments, as they pass through the  French and Belgian towns are everywhere received with marked hospitality, little children even rushing forward to1 kiss the hands of the sold**  iers.  Sir Robert Edgecumbe, of Newquay,  has received a letter from his son,  Lieutenant O. P. Edgecumbe, 1st Battalion D.C.L.I., serving on the staff of  General Halting, in which the following passages occur:  For the last week, or 10 clays vwe  have been fighting hard-, and are now  for one day resting. Altogether during  five days and five' nights ��������� I got six  hours' sleep,.and so am rather weary.  However, bullets and a real enemy  are a wonderful stimulant, and I feel  as fit as anything. All our men are  somewhat fatigued, but are very keen  and full of fight.  My regiment has had a bad time,  and I am dreadfully afraid they have  been badly cut up, although-I can as  yet get no details. They were caught  in a village'by Germans in the houses,  who had managed to get .there by  wearing our' uniforms. Never again  shall I respect the Germans. Thoy  have no code of honor, and there  have been several cases of their wearing French and British uniforms,  which is, of course, against the Geneva convention.  INCREASING   LIVE   STOCK  Farmers Should  Devote  More Attention to Live Stock to Meet Increasing  Demand  The outbreak of the war in Europe  and the consequent demand which is  naturally to. be expected for increased  exports of meats, finds Canada in a  very much denuded condition as regards live stock.  As a "result of the removal of the  American tariff on cattle-a heavy export trade developed to the south. In  some districts - in Eastern Canada,  nearly everything has .been' shipped  out of the country, except dairy cows.  This export trade, together with many  farmers selling their calves for veal,  can have but one result in Canada,  viz.: a greater'scarcity of meat than  at present exists, even in a t normal  market. ���������������������������;. /-'  The meat industry in Canada should  not be allowed to dwindle���������-rather, the  production of hogs, sheep and cattle  on Canadian farms should be greatly  increased. To obtain this increase  does not mean that'farmers should devote their whole attention to live  stock. The majority of farmers will  admit that with very little extra effort and-expense thety could increase  by several head the live stock on  their farms without in any way interfering with their, present system of  farming.  From reports to the commission of  conservation, presentr conditions indicate a world-wide^scarcity. of live  stock, with' little likelihood of an  over-crowded' market for many years  to come. The opportunity for Canadian farmers is, therefore, apparent.' To  take advantage of this, farmers should  save their heifer calves to produce  more cattle, while the others may be  turned off, not as veal but as beef.  Expert stockmen advise that there  are good -times ahead foi* those raising sheep. The high price of mutton  and of wool and the comparative ease  with which a flock of sheep may be  sustained upon land which is otherwise unsuitable for agriculture, should  suggest a great increase in the number of sheep raised by Canadian farmers.  Increased production in hogs can be  brought about more quickly than in  any other class of live stock, and  consequently should receive immediate attention.  Animal production on the farm is  desirable because it increases the fertility and crop-raising ability of the  soil. .Good prices are sure to be obtained for any surplus which farmers  will have to sell on account of the inevitable shortage of supply resulting  from war conditions in ������������������Europe. These  two conditions should be an incentive  to Canadian farmers to increase their  live stock' production. A little foresight now, with modern methods of  feeding, will make increased production easily possible.���������F.C.N.  ****l  if  GERMAN SUBJECTS ARE GREATLY  NG  KEP"T IN IGNORANCE OF TRUE STATE OF AFFAIRS  TAKES   WIDER   AUTHORITY-  May Control Telegraph and Telephone  Lines���������Other  Stringent  Orders  Au order-in-council has been passed  under the war measures act of the : e-  cent session, empowering.the government, if deemed necessary, to take  over and operate any telephone or  telegraph lines in Canada, .and providing authority for a strict' censorship  of all telegraphic or telephonic communications. The order provides that  any cabinet minister/ delegated tor  the purpose, may ��������� assume control of  any telegraph or telephone company,  and use its lines for his majesty's service. It is further provided that the  minister may direct that all messages  be submitted to censorship, whetlur  by telegraph or telephone, going out  of Canada shall go through certain  named offices only.       "   ~ '  Any director or officer of a co."i-  . pany contravening the instructions of  - the minister is liable to a penalty of  $5,000 or live years' imprisonment.  Another order-in-council provides  similar' penalties   for   furniohin.;     to  ",The Bravest of the Brave"  , The Victoria Cross, the supremist  British reward for valor of whicli  many will doubtless be won during  the present campaign, is the youngest of such decorations, only dating  back to the Crimean War in .1856. It  is the most valued possession in  many a home in Britain today. The  Austrian Cross, on the other hand, is  the oldest.  A similar reward in Germany is the  lron_Cross, instituted by the Emperof  Frederick William III: of Prussia in  the year 1813. Russia gives as a decoration to its heroic soldiers the Cross  of St. George, ��������� Avhich was founded by  the famous Empress Catherine II. in  the year 1769, and, while the Victoria  Ci'oes is of bronze, and the Iron Cross  as its name implies, of iron (which r-  edged with silver), the Russian Ord^r  is of gold, with a. beautifulmedallion  of St. George, killing the dragon.  In Austria, again, the cross is of  gold, and was instituted in the year  1757 by the Empress Marie Theresa  soon after her accession to the  Throne. It bears the same inscrip-  the enemy informatiou. plans, photo-j tion as the British Victoria Cross  graphs, etc., likely to be c? military ours haying in English For Valor,"  use, or for furnishing Intoxicating | and theirs m Latin the word 'For  liquor to anyone on military duty. titudlni.  J The Order of the Legion of Honor,  which is the .reward in France, was  instituted by te great Napoleon, and  he decreed that every soldier who  was decorated with that honor should  have tho additional distinction of being entitled to receive a military salute from officers, non-commissioned  officers, and private soldiers.  It is difficult to estimate correctly  the actual war strength of Great Britain, on account of the loyalty and  readiness to serve of her civilian  population. The adaptability of  British men to any sort of armed  service is always a marvel to foreigners, and comes, uo doubt, in part  from the national love of sport.  With the declaration of war on  England, the Royal Aero Club issued  a call to every licensed pilot in the  kingdom to register for service with  the British air forces. Virtually all  responded, those owning -machines  tendering these as well.  When it is recalled that the Royal  Aero Club, up to July 15,' issued  860 certificates, -one may comprehend the value of Britain's late insistence on aviation. A large part  of this number is already in the service, perhaps 500 in all.  As the war is likely to prove an  extended one, this civilian reserve is  going to be of the utmost value as  time will be afforded these men lo  become proficient for field service.  Thus a large gap, due to England's  losses in the conflict in the air, can  be filled.  To Protect the Birdc '  "To hunt birds without a gun or  sling shot," is the ideal kept constantly before the members of the Farm  Journal Liberty Bell Bird Club, who  sign a pledge; to protect all song and  insectivorous birds. If it happens  that a newly enrolled member "avats"  to the savage instinct of his primitive  forefathers when he sees a bird within shot and brings it fluttering to his  feet, his fellow members with literature, arguments and personal persuasion try to-.show him the evil of his  ways and bring him back into the  folds of the merciful. If he refuses to  reform and continues to violate his  pledge his name is at last stricken  "from the membership list and he...  sent to Coventry by his comrades  pledged to save the birds, and through  them, save the crops from being devoured by insect pests.  Sunday schools in many districts  are finding new ways to teach humane  principles to their pupils by having  them enroll as members of the Liberty  Bell Bird Club, are of the Farm Journal, in Philadelphia, Pa. Its banner  and pledge are kept before the  classes, its educational pamphlets and  wall cards are used to encourage the  children to study and protect the  birds, and so lead them towards being .;inder and more considerate of  each other.  Sabbath school classes in different  parts of the country report most, interesting "Bird Evenings" where bird  songs, recitations, essays and little  plays are given. Sunday school superintendents are calling the attention  of their teachers to this effective helper for creating a greater interest and  larger attendance in Sunday school  classes.  There is no cost in joining the  club, no fees, no duos or assessments  of any kind. Any person who signs  the club pledge:  "I desire to become a member of  the ��������� Liber;y Bell Bird Club of the  Farm Journal, and I promise to study  and protect all song and insectivorous  birds and do what I can for the club,"  will receive a club badge button free  of charge.  Through the Censorship of the German Press as well as  Misrep.  rcscntation on the Part of German Officialdom, the People  of Germany are Kept in the Dark  From time to time we read extracts  from the German newspapers, as well  as wireless despatches from that country, showing how the German people  are kept in complete ignorance of the  true condition of affairs regarding the  progress of the war. It would appear  that even the educated and best informed of the more intelligent class cf  the German people have been deceived by the Kaiser, and the military  party, .by misrepresentations of ..the  official correspondence between the  nations previous to the declaration of  war. The German people are evidently led to' believe that Great Britain  was responsible for the war, and that  since the commencement of hostilities  German arms have been invariably  successful against the allied troops.  They even appear to have supreme  confidence in their navy, and entertain  the delusion that the.Brltislrnavy will  be vanquished by their own fleet;  Through the'" censorship of news by  the authorities in Germany,. and by  means of spreading false reports  broadcast, they are doing everything  possible to prejudice.the opinion of  neiitral countries. .Letters are now  being received in Canada mailed from  points in the United States, and no  doubt written by agents of Germany,  which contain statements bearing on  the cause and progress of the war,  calculated to arouse an Anti-British  feeling. These letters in most cases  are being sent to the proper authorities, so' that this plan of campaign  may be exposed. -. .  As showing the manner in which the  German people are kept in the dark  as to the true conditions of affairs in  respect to the war, situation, the following letter, written by a Berlin  newspaper owner to a friend in England, is illuminating: ���������  "Never in my life I shouldhave ventured to think that Great . Britain  should ever declare war on Germany,  the nation to - which the British had  the closest affinity, there being thousands and thousands of friendly and  amicable relations between the inhabitants of the two countries.. The official publication of the telegrams exchanged between the three sovereigns  has proved beyond any doubt that Germany up to the last moment has extended her sincere desire to preserve  the peace. True, its situation between  two enemies who were at all .'times  jealous of her development has .forced  her to keep vigilant watch and'to prepare for a fight should it be provoked  by her neighbors. Now the war has  come, abrupty and unexpectedly-and  since it has come without any intelligent reason, merely because the Russians believed the time ripe for th<;  crushing of their civilized neighbor,  the whole German nation has risen,  as one man, to fight for our independence and our standing in the rank of  the great powers. There are no more  parties. in our empire;    the    Social-  democrats have, just as well as tha  Alsacians and Polish in our boundaries, unanimously voted for the enormous sums deemed' necessary, each  and every one has taken up the arms,  and now there are millions of good  soldiers.at our frontiers, eager to face  the enemy wherever he may appear.  The Russians, whose millions of soldiers were expected to flood over our  eastern provinces, have cowardly lied  wherever they met only a handful of  German ana Austrian soldiers, and' it  is safe to predict that our troops will  continue to chase them as far as w������  choose, and whatever���������'��������� there exists of  the Russian fleet will soon be doomede  or, if .considered fit for the purpose,  > rry the German flag. And the  French? We have permitted them to  ..enter into Alsace, just as we. allowed  the Russians to pass over our frontier  for a couple of miles���������for the simple  reason that the fact be established  that, they, not the Germans, -were the  aggressors in l'u'3 disastrous international war. But in the meantime, we  have proven that German valiance and  courage is the same as 1870, and tho  Belgians, who have been badly advis*  ed that their country should be neutralized towards Germany, but open to  British and French manoeuvres, have  been shamefully deserte-" by their advisers and are now the first to feel tha  weight of German strategy. Liege, tha  strongest fortress built by French en������  gineers, has been conquered by ordinary field troops at one assault, its  x* -*ong forts have been reduced to cinders by our heavy guns, Brussels has  been occupied and soon the last cor������  ner of" Belgium will be in German  possession, after which our invasion  into France will be taken up with  force-, with which even the combined  French and Brtish armies cannot  rival. ..',..:���������...  "It is a- pity that it has come so far,  and the British people should, er--* it ia  too late, consider what is at stake. As  far as.we hear, British newspapers  persistently belittle the German sue-* '  cesses and continue to circulate news  of German defeats which have never  happened so far, and thus they betray  their readers, delude them into the  dangerous^ idea that Great Britain,  were invincible because of its splendid  isolation at sea. Still, the vast British fleet has, as far as .we know, up  to this hour not dared to'approach our  coast, but prefers to do the safe busi-  euss of piracy. I do not believe that  our navy will follow this policy ot  apparent cowardness, but will before  long visit the British coast and hunt  the British vessels, and the result will  be that the fiction of the British  navy's supremacy will go to the doga.  "If I knew that this letter safely  reached your hands, 1 will gladly continue to tell you what news our papers publish of the war, and should  be much pleased if you would be kind  enough to reciprocate."  WAITERS AND COOKS  ENLIST  * Tied Flags to Horses' Tails  Those Prussia-i troopers who rode  through  Brussels  with  Belgian  flags  tied to their i.erses' tails forgot Bis-!ly attempted  to drive him    into tho  marck's caution that broken windows! German lines,  have    to    bo    paid for.    Tho French      The king was with his troops south  King of Belgium Shot His  Chauffeur  Progress Du Nord relates a remarkable story of tlie King of the Belgian--  si ooting his chauffeur, who traitorous  goverment has already been moved, in  honest indignation at ihe talo of German barbarities, to cut down the hitherto very generous rations allowed to  German officers, who are prisoners in  France.  The sympathy of the whole civilized world is being alienated from Germany by the official reports of the  barbarous conduct of the German  armies.  "I'm all fagged out."  "Whau's  the trouble?"  "I've been away for six weeks resting."���������Detroit Free Press.  of Antwerp, says the report. He ordered the chauffeur to drive ahead  of them. After a while the king  noticed the driver had changed the  direction. His majesty warned him  and when the chauffeur took no notice he ordered .him to halt. This  having no effect, tiie king, convinced  of treachery, drew a revolver, and  shot the chauffeur dead. Tl e king  then stopped the car and drove bad:  to the Belgian lines in safety.  In the chauffeur's clothing papers  were found showing he had received  a German offer of $250,000 for the  king's capture.  Herbert   Kaufman    Immortalizes   the  Patriotism  of Simpson's  Employees  The following verses by Herbert  Kaufman are published in the London  Standard. They are inspired by the  announcement that a large proportion of the staff at Simpson's-in-the-  Strand have joined Lord Kitchener's  army. Simpson's is an old London  eating house which boasts distinctively English traditions extending from  1716, and is well known for its adherence to the open roasting fire and  other time "honored methods of English cookery.  Forty   Men   From   Simpson's  Forty men from Simpson's!  "Will you 'ave it rare?  Try a bit of pudding, sir;  Yes, the Cheddar's fair.*'  Forty men from Simpson's!  Quitting in  a group,  Marching off in khaki Tor  To fix the Kaiser's sou*.*.  Fortv men from Simpson's!  "Will you take it 'ot?  INDUSTRIAL CONDITIONS BETTER  Canning Factories Will Employ More  Canadian Help  Industrial conditions in Canada at  this  time will result in the employment of many more Canadians  than  usual in the canning factories of tha  Dominion.   In previous seasons many  canning factories, finding difficulty ia  obtaining sufficient local help, secured assistance from the larger labor  market of the United States. It is estimated that several    thousand    employ oes of Canadian canning factories  during previous seasons were not per-  manent residents of this country.   In  view of the unemployment in some in-  j dustries at this time the canning tac-  I tories will be able to secure in Canada  ! most, if not all, the help they require  | this   season.    Thus  many Canadians  ] who would otherwise be out of employ-  J inent will have the work in the can-  I ning factories that in previous years  was given to parties who were resident in Canada only during the canning season.   The policy of tlie lead-  I ing  canning companies  lias  been  to  ' employ local help as far as possible.  i     Another condition that will tend to  'Ere's vour Hell served in the sheli, i increase the number of Canadians* em-  Piping from the pot!  Forty men from Simpson's!  Hurry, turn 'em  loose.  They're the sort we need in front  To cook the German goose.  Fortv men from S'mpson's!  Wl'.at a thing to read!  Forty  humble  nerving  men  serving Britain's need!  Foflv men from Simpson's!  Don't you blush with shame  While tliey tn-iy the soldier's part,  And you the waiting game?  ���������Herbert  Kaufman.  i ployed in the canning industry in this  country is the curtailment of imports  of canned vegetables from France and  Belgium. The Imports of canned vegetables from these countries into Canada during tho fiscal year ending  March .'il, HIM, amounted to C,1'i4,151 '  and ?12-1.4fiH, respectively���������-a total of  almost $:*00,000. The curtailment of  these imports will increase the demand for the products of Canadian  canning factories.  ! Jews' Freedom Affects World  j Interviewed for tho New York:  American, Henri Bcrgson said tlie war  I lias so upset Mm that since its begin-  j nitig hc lias been unable to concca-  Riglvts of  Russian  Jews i (rate     his  mind   on   his  philosophy,  Mr. Israel Zangwill, president o*. thei therefore   ''as   abandoned   work  alto-  Jewish   Territorial Organization,   haslgethor.  asked tho British Foreign Office to "Things we thought of before th8  authorize him to say that England; war no longer matter," lie added,  looked with sympathy on tlie cause of j "while tilings we never dreamt of  Jewish emancipation in Russia, and now assume enormous importance."  has received from Sir Edward Grey: Asked about tho Czar's attitudo to  tho rj-suraneo Hint lie is very fully the Jews, Bcrgson declared that If  aware of the importance of the sub-i the report were true this would be  ;ect and would neglect no opportunity tlie greatest, pacific revolution l:i hl*  of enccuragin'.- iho ro!*.."��������� m in quea-, tory; its effect.-*! would bo felt the  ton. world over. THE   SUN,    GRAND   FOEKS,   B.C.  '���������.: ���������*.;:'  ���������jy: ������������������...  I-  I   * '- -  p*v'*'  I* .������������������ ���������  ���������&���������':  rii  NEWS OF THE CITY  Otto' Wirth, of   Rock  Creek, alleged to be a German reservist,- who  made   an   attempt  to cross the in-  t ernational boundary line and  ship  his goods to Spokane last week, has  been held in this   city this week under the surveillance of the Sharpshooters awaiting instructions from  the   military   authorities.     Bugler  Gibson took Wirth to the detention  camp at Vernon yesterday,  house.    The   reverend, {gentleman  gave a clear elucidation "of the causes  which led up to tbe present conflict,  as well as the principles  for   which  Britain is fighting, and he was given  an attentive hearing by the sympathetic audience.    Musical   'numbers  were   splendidly   rendered  by   the  Misses Lequime, Marjorie Kerman,'  Arnold Carter and Ernest  Harrison.  A collection was taken at  the  door,  and agOod sum was  realized.   This  will   go- toward . the   Belgian relief  fund.  started at once. The material for  this structure has been' prepared  ready to be put together; and it will  be completed in a few weeks.  Mr. "and Mrs. O. Matthews, who  have. been spending a week at the  home of Mr. and-Mrs. A. R. Buchan,  returned to their home in Greenwood on Wednesday.  Tfce Milfe for Your -Baby Must be Glean,  Sweet and Pure  *   A splendid lecture  was given   in  the   Empress   theatre   on  Monday  night  by   Rev. Dr. J. T. Ferguson,  of   Calgary   on  the subject, "Why  We   Are   at   War," to a crowded  The new Humming Bird wagon  bridge, twelve miles np the North  Fork, was completed this week by  Bridge Superintendent Farmer and  his crew of workmen. Work on  the new bridge near Cascade is to be  E. C. Henniger, Frank Miller,  Harry McLaren and Mr. Leroy returned on Monday morning from a  week's hunting trip to Franklin and  Gloucester camps. They bronght  back nine deer with them.  We have a limited number of  cabinet-: of this season's designs of  Christmas greeting cards in stock  which will be closed out at a bargain,   The Sun Job Office.  B. C. MILK is recommended and  used extensively as a food for infants. The reason is this: It is  Ciean, Sweet and Pure���������always  ��������� ready for use. For infants it  should be diluted*with from" two  to eight parts of boiled water,  arcording to age. It has. the  -Natural Flavor of Pure, Rich  Cream. .. '  ;-'i  Greeting Cards  For Christmas and New Year's  ���������$1.00cper-ddz. and Upwards  See Sample Books at The Sun Office  The relatives of tbe late Mrs."Lydia  Knight desire to tender thanks to  their friends for assistance rendered  at the funeral of the deceased.  GIVE "SYRUP OF FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't* harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and bowels.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  New Harness fnd do all.k.ind? <������  harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  A. A. Frechette  f  ������L   M  HOBMfiDDfll  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family~  Robin Hood Flour  tt  tt  Oats  tc  tt  Porrioge  Oats  tt  tt  Ferina  tt  tt  Graham  tt  ���������   ft  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale h$  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  c/411 Its Branches  Boundary Trust CSk  Investment Co,, Ltd.  Established 1901  First Street  A game of football will be played  "at the race track grounds tomorrow  afternoon between teams selected  from .the Sharpshooters and the  citizens. The money realized from a  collection will be turned over to the  Belgian relief fund.  James Rooke, president of the  Grand Forks Fruit Growers' association, attended the national apple  show in Spokane, where he delivered an address on "The Control of  Fire Blight."  H. Cooppr, James Pell, Elmer  Rice and George Miller spent a few  days hunting at Lynch Creek this  week. They brought back four big  buck deer with them.  Look   at  the   tongue,   mother!     If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  and  bowels  need  cleansing at  once.  When peevish, cross, listless, doesn't  sleep, eat or act naturally, or is feverish,  stomach, sour,   breath   bad;   has  sore throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give  a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  constipated " waste,    undigested " food  and sour bile gently moves out of its  little bowels without griping, and you  have a well, playful child again.   Ask  your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains full   directions  for babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  Take your- repairs to Armson, shoe  repairer. The Hub. Look ,for the  Big Boot.     ' -  .  it  i  Most of us would   rather  than practice, anyway.  preach  The only use some men  seem  have for heads is to butt in.  to  10 CENT "CASCABETS"  .   IF BILIOUS OB COSTIVE  Perhaps the chap ["'who  wants to lose.   -^    ,"  hesitates  ������������������*1i"j<I  6% MONEY 6% MONEY. 6%  Loans may be obtained for any  purpose on acceptable Real Estate security; liberal privileges; correpond  ence solicited. American-Canadian  Agency Company, 758 Gas-Electric  Bldg., Denver, Colo.  For Sick   Headache,   Sour   Stomach,  8luggish Liver, and Bowels���������They  work'while you sleep.  Furred Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches come from a torpid liver and  clogged bowels, which cause your  stomach, to become filled with undigested food, which sours and ferments  like garbage in a swill barrel. That's  the first, step to untold misery���������indi- '  gestion, foul gases, bad breath, yellow  skin, mental fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating. A Cascaret  to-night will give your constipated  bowels a thorough cleansing and  straighten you out by morning. They-  work while you sleep���������a,. 10-cent box  from your druggist will lfeep you feeling good for months.  The Sunday school of the Baptist  chnrih now has under way the  preparation of the program for its  Christmas festival celebration.  The Grand Forks Musical society  held another very succesful practice  on Tuesday evening.  Charles Davey, well known to all  pioneers of this city, died in Portland, Ore., last week. He leaves a  wife and one child.  Death of Mrs. Lydia Knight  Mrs. Lydia Knight, aged seventy-  two years, died at the home of .her  daughter.    Mrs.    C.   C.   French, in  Crpston, B. C, on Saturday evening,  November 21, after  a  short illness.  The   remains   were   shipped to this  citv   on Monday, and    thp   funeral  was held from Cooper's undertaking  parlors   that   afternoon,   interment  taking place in Evergreen cemetery.  Mrs.   French   accompanied   the re  mains to this city to  be  present   at  the burial of her late mother.  Deceased is survived by four sons  and three daughters���������Horace E.  Knight, of Grand Forks; Frederick  H., of Portland, Ore.; Charles A.,  of Vancouver; Ernest R., of Hope,  B. C; Mrs. J. E. Donnan, of Edge-  mere, Idaho; Mrs. J. T. Stafford, of  Grand Forks'; aud Mrs. C.C. French,  of Creston. B. C.  Mrs. Knight was a pioneer of  Grand Forks, having lived here for  sixteen or seventeen years. She  was an estimable lady, and her  death is sincerely mourned by her  wide circle of friends, who extend  profound sympathies to the bereaved family.  ass liirniture  ���������1 When in need of an odd piece. of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  ���������  save money by purchasing from us.  <I We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  HI We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and district first.  Highest cash prices paid for old  Stoves and Ranges. E. C. Peckham,  Secondhand Store.  The Sun, at $1 a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  If the Cash on- Doll very System 1h in use in your oountrv, then you need not  send 101- for cither two Kings you select, nnd pny balance when you reeei-iveth  Ki"B������- MASTERS, LTD., RYE, ENG.  xrmm  mmwmmmwmwmmMamsR  mmmmmmmtwimtimm  mmmmmmmmmimm

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