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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 20, 1914

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 Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YE ATI���������No. 4  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1914  $1.00 per year;  Recent investigations' by the conservation commission reveal some_  very interesting facts" regarding the  effect of.care, or neglect, as the case  -may be, upon the life of machinery  on the farm. Between 90 and 95  farms," divided into three districts,  were"-,yisited',in each of the provinces  of Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Alberta.  . In Saskatchewan, out of 94 farmers visited by the commission's representatives, 76 leave all their implements out of doors. On 73 of  the farms there were no implement  sheds of any description. On 21.of  ihe farms sheds large enough to  cover a part of the implements were  found, in most oases this being only  a buggy or a democrat, but not on  one single farm was the'"machinery  till housed. Not one farmer was  found who painted bis implements  to protect them from the weather.  In Manitoba only 14 out of 94  keep their machinery under cover  during winter, while 44 claim to  keep part of it inside. On 34 of  the Manitoba farms". no provision  whatever is made for protecting im-  ' plements, and only four claim to  have done any "painting. Sv  In the three, districts visited in  Alberta, mixed farming is carried on  quite extensively, making more barn  room available, so that implements  are more likely to be protected, but  even here 37 out of 92 visited leave  all machinery out of doors.  In one district in Ontario where  40 farmers were visited, every man  housed his implements during winter, although none of these men do  any painting.  In the Ontario distriet visited  where the implements are housed,  the average life of the binder was  found to- be between 16 and 17  years. Many binders were seen  which were in good   running  'order  " after cutting 20 seasons' crops.  In Saskatchewan and Manitoba,  where so much of the machinery is  ~Teft out of doors, the average life of  the binder is given by the farmers  as-about seven years, .which is less  than half that of the binder protected from the weather. Many  binders do not last as long as seven  years. One farmer near Moasomin,  Sask'-, who, after 12 years, was retiring from the farm, held an auction sale. His bider after cutting  12 crops sold for 880, or 50 per cent  of the original cost, and his other  raachineryat proportionately high  prices. It had all been well housed  and the necessary painting and repairing had been done to keep it in  good order. On a neighboring farm  a binder which had cut only three  crops, but which had been neglected  and had stood but of doors, was being relegated to the scrap heap and  a new one was being purchased.  An implement shed costs money,  but if its use will double or treble  the length of time the machinery  will last, it is a good investment.  Farmers often say that they enn not  afford to build a shed. The truth is,  they really can not afford to be  without one. Apart from the additional power necessary for operation, the depreciation on   unhoused  machinery on the averaged- sized  farm is so great as to amount to  much more than the cost, and upkeep of an implement shed. ��������� The  binder works for only a short time  during the year, while machinery in  a shop works the whole- year  through ,and lasts proportionately  many years longer. It is simply a  matter of care. The life of a machine extends in direct ratio to the  care it "receives, and neglect and  abuse will shorten the life of .any  mechanism. - The . manufacturer is  not responsible for the care of the  machinery after it is sold. This rests  entirely with the farmer, and as a  com mon-sense business pro position  he should look after his own . interests sufficiently to house his implements and thus save th'e thousands  of dollars wasted annually in un  necessary depreciation.  Military Strategy  In a letter to the Army and Navy  Journal, a retired army officer says  that no intelligent soldier will fire a  dumdum or an explosive bullet at  the enemy, for they both kill. The  object of the rifleman is not to kill  an enemy, but to wound him. "A  dead man is simply one man lost  from his army. ,. He is not a burden  to anyone. A wounded'soldier must  be taken care of. Four.wounded  soldiers must have an ambulance  with two horses and an able-bodied  soldier' driver. Thirty wounded'  soldiers must have'a surgeon, a'hos-  pital"_stewar.d,' _ and ten or "a dozen  able-bodied soldiers to aid the doctor and wait upon and nurse the  wounded men. Tbe "ambulances  block the roads and.delay the troops,  especially the artillery and supply  wagons. When a man is hurt,  everyone is anxious to get him at  once to a doctor. If the troops on  the firing line are not well disci  plined, and a* soldier is wounded,  there will be three or four soldiers  who are willing and anxious to carry  him to the. rear. For every soldier  wounded, the firing line loses four  soldiers, and.a hundred men wounded means that four hundred men  are lost to the firing line, for they  never rejoin their regiments until  the battle is over."  A Good Production  A very successful practice of the  Grand Forks Musical society was  held last Tuesday evening. Some  sixty vocalists and instrumentalists  were in attendanee, and Conductor  F. J. Painton was well pleased with  the progress made. The prepara  tion is.for,.a Mozart evening on Fri  day, December 4, which is the eve  of the 123rd anuiversary of this  great musician's death.  The works selected are "The  Gloria," "Ave Verum," various  songs from "The Magic Flute," and  violin solos from the same, with  some of Mozart's Masonic music;  also a violin and viola duet from his  work for strings.���������The ''Sonata in  C", the "Grand Fantasa in D" and  the "Largnetto" from clarionette  quartettes will be rendered as piano  solos. Another interesting feature  of this entertainment will be a brief  talk on Mozart and his music.  Every man who earns an honest  living is entitled to a decent home.  A reasonable measure of comfort  and even beauty should be included  in the construction of that word  home.  Friday  It is reported that the allies have  retaken Dixmude and extermination,., threatens , the' enemy..,.. The  heaviest bombardment the "'British  have yet faced,-fo.llowedby an "as  sa'ult by the Prussian guard, did  not enable, the Germans to reach  Ypres, says the official report. The  khaki line breaks under the weight  of the attack, but re forms and hurls  the foe back  The Russians advance vigorously  in ��������� Galicia and drive the foe from  their positions. Wide enveloping  movement strategy of the Muscovites  in the coming big battle.  According to unconfirmed reports  the British   supe.rdreadnought   An  dacious   was   hit   by   a torpedo or  mine north oi Ire and and sunk.  Premier Asquith states that the  number of British killed, wounded  and missing up to the end of last  month approach sixty thousand.  A daring German submarine  raider is believed to;have been blown  up by'means of a drag in the Eng  lish channel. fz������~������\  Gen. Botha's fifecS^j^re steadily  clearing South Aft'oaVof' the  rebels.  "**.���������  Si  Saturday  Rumors to the i.effect that the  British Dreadnought-Audacious had  been badly damaged'by a German  .mijQ,e..off,.tbe Irish coast were widely  cireulated'.~m'London -yesterday,- although the admiralty will not discuss the report. The report permitted to pass tbe censor was that the  Audacious discovered a ship flying  the Swedish flag planting mines oft  the Irish- coast. She warned the  liner Olympic, which was approach  ing that portion of tbe sea, of the  danger, and the Olympic changed  her course. Later the Audacious  struck a mine in the same locality.  The allies throw the ��������� German  troops back from the right bank of  the River ,Yser. The occupation of  a ruined village is the only success  of violent German assaults. No indication is given that the enemy has  decided to give up the attempt to  reaeb the French coast.  Prussian resistance fails to stop  the Russians, and the battle now  proceeds along the left bank of the  Vistula. The czar's army marches  against Cracow. The Servians right  fiercely to drive back the Austrians.   "      ���������' ���������       -  The Indian troops take a fort   bv  storm   while   fire   from   a   oruisej  covers the attack against tbe,  Turks  Bulgaria denies having a   pact  with  the porte.  Monday  A dispatch from Copenhagen says  it is learned from a German source  that a Russian squadron has left  Helsingfors, Finland, and is steering southwest with the supposed intention of engaging the German  Baltic squadron.  Great Britain   declares   that   the  whole   of   tbe   North   sea is in the  military area, and'enemy's  subjects  found on alien vessels   will    be   de  tained as prisoners of war. .  Eliot's Horse is stranded k> Lon  don, and the   squadron   which   arrived   in   that   city from Manitoba  without official recognition is obliged  to disband.  From Nieuport to Dixmude and  in the region of Ypres the cannonading has been resumed with greater  violence than in preceding days  Tbe Germans resume a vigorous  offensive to relieve the situation in  East Prussia. Failure of the flanking movement is admitted.  The A m e r i catr wa rs h i p Te n n essee  stops ill-treatment of ' foreigners   in  j an Asia Minor port.  The British Indian troops again  defeat the Turks.  'Tuesday  The pressure on the Verdun fortress is relieved by the success of  the French Gen. J off re also makes  progress in St. Mihiel, the last Teuton position on the, left bank of the  Meuse, and on the heights adjacent.  Under a rain of shells the Prussians  try to check the flood "of the allies  south of Dixmude. Rheims is bombarded.  The Prussians endeavor to break  the Russian centre. The kaiser's  troops continue to hold Mazurian  lakes.- The Austrians hope to enter  Belgrade. A great battle is raging in  Poland.  A sortie from Cracow  fails.  The admiralty issues a report of  the naval battle off Chile Admiral  Craddock opened the attack on the.  enemy. The Germans made the  radio useles*-, preventing the passag-  of signals to the battleship Canopus  A launch from the TJ.S warship  Tennessee is repented lo have been  driven from the harbor at Smyrna  by the Turks.  The German converted cruiser  Berlin is interned at Trondhjem,  Norway.  The German losses are nearly a  mijlion.  Wednesday  The allies smash a hole in the  Prussian front, taking strong posi  tion. The Franco-British soldiers  drive the enemy from defenses of  great strength, from which raids  against the canals were being made  in an effort to check flooding. Attacks by the foe in force which followed heavy cannonading are everywhere repulsed. Fresh troops rushed  forward to drive the British from  Ypres meet with the same fate as  the Prussian guard.  Moslem destroyers' are said" to  have entered the Danube delta,  thus- violating the public law of  Europe.    ':.:  Washington asks Turkey to explain its hostile act in firing on an  American launch at Smyrna,  The Servians appeal to Petrograd  forhelp. The country is in danger  of conquest, says the envoy.  The Japanese envoy leaves Turkey, and the mikado may soon open  war against the sultan.  A'force of fifteen thousand rebels  in South Africa is broken up by  Gen. Botha's troops.  Great Britain   gives  ������500,000   to  the Belgian government for the pur  chase of foodstuffs.  (Yesterday's war summary un page 4)  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day "during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.  Nov. 13-r-Fridayv. 33  14���������Saturday   .... 26  la���������Sunday,  20  16���������Monday  21  17���������Tuesday  23  18���������Wednesday .. 30  19-Thursday   29  Inches  Rainfall  0.21  Snowfall      1.1  Max  43  37  33  30  3-1  33  34  - The annual show of the Grand  Forks Poultry and Pet Stock association will be held in the cannery  building next Wednesday and Thursday, November 25 and 26. The cash  prizes are about the same as in former vears, while the special prizes  have been increased by adding a  couple of medals. ' This should insure keen competition among the  exhibitors in all the classes. No  admission fee-to the building wiil  be charged.  GLoreafes  (Special Correspondence of The Sun.)  Mis. C M. Kirk visited Grand  Foiks this week.  Lewig Johnson, manager of the  Union mine, made a business trip  to Grand Forks this week.  A. J. Fee has a crew of men erecting buildings on the Beaver claim,  where he will do development work  this winter.  The Union mine has now resumed  making regular shipments of ore,  the present shipments going to the  Trail smelter.  The new waterworks recently put  in is giving the engineering department considerable trouble since cold  weather set in. .  There are   now   manv   sportsmen  to be seen iu the vicinity of Gloucester, where, since the  snow   fell   in  the   high   rang-s,    deer   are    quite  numerous.  Wm. Minion, the veteran prospector, returned this week from Grand  Forks, where he has been under  medical treatment He is now much  improved in health.  Thomas Newby has disposed of  general merchandise store to Thos.  Funkley. Mr. JS'ewby will now  assume personal charge of the work  at the Gloucester mine, where extensive development is being carried on  Messrs. Todd and Carson and associates have built winter quarters  for their men, and are now prosecuting development on the Black  Prince group, where a ledge running high in silver values has been  uncovered.  The citizens of Gloucester City,  having-beconie exasperated at the  post office department, whom they  petititioned last summer for the establishment of a post office at this  camp, but which it seems the de  partment could not afford, have now  let a contract' to a private caarier to  bring their mail, Thomas Funkley  being the successful bidder.  Total precipitation   0.32!  -John Blafore, of Fife,was brought  to the hospital in this city on Monday with a broken leg, which be  sustained while working in the bush  getting out poles. A pole slipped  back and hit him on the leg. Dr.  Tompsett set the broken bone.  Tbe statistical history of Canadian  federal elections since 1867, upon  which the clerk of the crown in  chancery has been working for some  time, will be completed in time for  the next session of parliament. No  history covering the entire period  since confederation has ever been  prepared until now, and the absence of authentic records of the  earlier periods make the work one  of extreme difficulty. The history  will be indexed, and wiil contain  the names of all candidates in all  alections.  By the lime a man finds out who  his real friends are he hasn't any.  Only   a few   years   ago married  women felt sorry for spinsteri. THE    SUN,  GRANT)    FORKST BTK  K  ETIQUETTE ON  BATTLEFIE'.D  Rules Governing Opposing Armies in  Conducting Warfare  The etiquette of the field of battle  is quite as important^as 'that of the  home.  For instance, the Germans violated  the etiquette of war by disregarding  their promise to preserve the neutrality of Belgium, and by invadim;  France before making a formal declaration of war.  At the outset of" the war it was  falsely reported that a French doctor  had infected the water supply of the  German fortress of Metis with cholera  germs. Had the report been true, the  doctor would have been guilty of an  act of barbarism opposed to all (he  usages of war.  The rules of war allow the cutting  oil of an enemy's water or food supply, but not the poisoning of water.  ���������It is not etiquette to try and kill  the enemy's commander-in-chief. He  may be captured, but if killed in the  process. that is but the '"fortune of  war." .  An enemy has aperfect right to  bombard a town which refuses to  surrender, but to deliberately destroy  unprotected places and national institutions is an act of vandalism;  that is, unless the.,buildings are used  for, military purposes against thw  enemy. '    ' ,  The reason so many tdwns in 'Bel**  - gium were evacuated on the approach  ol\ the enemy was because the Belgians trusted iii the good faith of the  Germans to adhere to the rules of  war ���������etiquette. Lou vain With all its  glories would still be intact but for  this breach of good faith.  The rules in regard to prisoners of  war are clear enough. Anyone wearing .,the',, .uniform, of,a" ���������������������������.'��������� recognized,  military force must if captured he  treated as a prisoner of war, provided.,  of course, tha t he can show that he is  not a civilian masquerading in univ  1'orni'':..-.. If."-a soldier in uniform is  caught trying to gain information  within the enemy's lines he must not  he treated as a spy, but as a prisoner  of .war. Secrecy and disguise make  the spy, who, of course, has no rights  whatever. '��������� ;  A prisoner of war cannot be compelled to give his parole. Should he,  not being on parole, attempt to escape  be may be shot while in the act of  escaping, but if captured ho is not to  be punished beyond being placed in  more rigorous confinement.  .   '~  A prisoner of war cannot be forced  to aid in operations against his own  side, or to disclose information about  them, but he may be made to earn  his keep by working at his trade or  doing non-military work.  A general is entitled to-make full  use of traitors and deserters, but he  should not tempt men to be false to  their allegiance.    .  A comamnder is entitled to disseminate false news; indeed, much of  the art of war lies in hoodwinking  your opponent. There are,( however,  limits to the way ia which deceit may  be -practised. ���������7-r-;-j--���������-���������---.���������������������������--.-- ���������-������������������-������������������  Thus it would be most unsportsmanlike of a general to tell an officer  or soldier to go-over to the enemy,  and pretending to be a traitor or deserter, to give L false information and  then make his escape.  On the other hand, if a soldier is  tempted to turn traitor he is justified  in pretending to listen to the t-mpter,  and in this way gaining any information he can which in due course is  conveyed to his commanding officer,  and then laid before the commander-  in-chief of the army, who may benefit thereby materially and by a  change in'his plans bring success to  his troops.  THE   GERMAN   WAR   CHES  been tliroud-  first used by  the  Prussian  A Huge Undertaking  While the vast enterprise of double  tracking the entire Canadian Pacific  system is one that cannot, in the  nature of the case, he fully realized  for years, yet when it :s stated that  there will "be shortly 1,095 miles of  double track between Port Arthur and  Calgary, leaving gaps' of only something like 165 miles���������one gets a realizing nation of the work involved, of  great distance covered and of the  courage and persistence involved in  ti.is"large and :.otable*'undertaking of  duplicating the whole system, which  comprises some 13,000 miles of track.  Of course the chief consideration is  whose rapid development  this new policy; but chs  simiiiarly treated in time,  the lines which connect  large centres of population, and promise bigger business. Tlie'cost win be  so enormous as to baffle exact figures at the moment; tlie doubl-; tracking, too, will be built in a vastly dif  fercnt way from the original railway,  wliicn was put through in a tremendous'hurry. The present dov.ole tracking will offer a finished railway, in  every respect both as regards the  weight of rails, the strength of  bridges, and the perfection of roadbed. Thus applied, the new policy  will work out for immediate return.  The Kaiser Has 830,000,000 ir. Gold  Stowed Away  The German government has J 20,-  000,000 marks (aoout $30,000,000 stowed away in its "war chest" in the famous Julius tower at Spandau, an island at. the confluence of the Spree  and Havel rivers. It is a secret horde  known in Baedecker as "the imperial  military reserve fund of six million  sterling." Early last year it wus reported ��������� from Berlin, which is only  eight miles from Spandau, that the  German war programme con tern piat-  _cd tripling the treasure, but if such a  move was made it has not been an-  r.our.ced.  I    The billing tower has  | cd in mystery.    It was  Frederick the Great as  "war chest" and then turned over to  the empire for tlie storage oi* the 5*10,���������  000,000.-which was a part of the ?l,-  000,000,000 indemnity paid by Franco  after Franco-Prussian   war.  Although  it has been estimated that the money  would  be exhausted in a day and a  half in case of actual war, tli 3 fund  has been reserved for the expenses of  a quick mobilization of   the   German  army, to pay for horses and supplier  already contracted for on emergency.  The tower of Spandau stands in the*  midst of a citadel surrounded by barracks and  officers' quarters, not far  from the great American arsenals and  manufactories of war implements. It  is cylindrical, built ol." heavy, massive  masonry, about 40  feet high and almost as thick.   The tower is guarded  by three steel doors at its  only entrance, each' opened ..by. a..system ,of  simultaneous    keys held by different-  person's.   -The chancellor of the  empire holds the set and' the president  of the committee for debts of the empire .another.    The   trea.-ure  is  protected   by   constantly   changing   sentries,  under a guardian,    who    was  made c.urator by a decree in 1874.  The treasure itself, made up of. 20  franc gold pieces, the same that wa^  paid by the French, is stored in bags  in a dozen small, cabinets built in the  -walls of various levels reached by a  spiral stairway. The guard is usually  made up of 24 men, each cf them on  duty constantly,'-changing'..every two  hours. A patrol is made about .the  base of tlie tower, inside and on top.  Once a year the gold is weighed in  bulk for an official account. The  amount of the treasure never  changes.  ��������� There was one attempt at robbery  on the part of a drunken cobbler, who  got into the tower in some mysterious  fashion, but fell when he was-half  way up the staircase and broke his  neck. Only one-American has been  'known to have a glimpse of the inter  ior of the Julius Tower. He was Robt.  W. oPindexter, of Los-Angeles. Poin*  dexter, according to the story,, asked  the sentinel to' see the commander  and then slipped into the tower when  tlie sentinel turned his back. He. got  into serious trouble with the Spandau  authorities for going too near the  treasure, but "finally convinced.4hem  of the innocence of his purpose. The  tower has excited great curiosity on  the part of German tourists, but sightseers are not welcomed on the island  of-Spandau.  Other nations have considered it.a  waste of money for Germany to keep  the treasure stored at Spandau, because it was known that it could last  only about a day and a half if used .n  case of war. It was often said that if  Germany had invested the mone. at 5  per cent, she coul.1 have increased the  principal so tha": the aggregate fund  might last as long as a week in time:  of war.  WHY   IS   BRITAIN   AT   WAR?  By  tho west,  called for  east will b  especially  Tho fact that over one hundred  members of the Birtish house of  (���������oiiinious will be engaged in tlie military operations, some in the Line  'Regionts and some in the Territorials, and v that most of these arc in  daily attendance at various centres,  makes it necessary for many of them  to apepar hi parliament in uniform.  Iteuter's Simla correspondent states  ���������"On the occasion of the Mahometan  Festival the mosques throughout India were thronged witli Mahometans;  praying for British victory."  than  She Was Ready  Mr. Shyboy���������I love you more  tongue can tell.  Miss Clincher���������Then let the parson  do the talking.���������Boston Transcript.  W. ,<i. U. 1022  Making   a   Fool   of  the   Kaiser  An interesting story is told of the  late General Sir James Grierson  when lie was military attache at Berlin which throws some light on the  character of some of the Kaiser's entourage:  It will be remembered that the  British general did not complete his  .appointment in the German capital.  When asked the reason he replied:  "Because I simply could not stand  any more of it. The place is a perfect hot-bed of intrigue."  "What sort of. a man is the kaiser  himself?" inquired his friend. "Oh,"  he said, "he's all right; he's a gentleman. But those around him are  perfectly poisonous. This is th?  sort of thing they do:  "One day the emperor suddenly  said to me: 'I am told, Colonel Grierson, but I need hardly say that I  don't for one moment believe it, that  you have given away to tlie French  all the secrets of our Q.F. Artillery.  Now, I wish you would find out where  that statement conies from and put  it in the form of an oiTiical* report,  and send it in to me through the war  office, saying that you do so by my  special personal request.'  "In Toss than a week," Sir James  continued, "I found that it had originated with ��������� exactly as I expected  it had, and so I duly sent it in as requested. Shortly afterwards I went  on leave for about a month, and when  [ returned the first thing the emperor  said to me was, 'Oh, Colonel Grierson,  vou never sent me in that report that  i asked vou for about our Q.F. Artillery.'  " 'I beg your majesty's pardon, I  said, 'but I sent it in Jess than a  week after you a:.ked for it.' 'Well,'  said the kaiser, 'I have never received  il.   But I will inquire about it.'  "Sure enough, the very next morning," said the colonel, "a whole row  of officers were down at my place,  headed by ��������� himself, making most  profuse apologies for tlie unfortunate  oversight by which my report had  been delayed."  Mr. D..W. Bole, President the  tional   Drug  &  Chemical   Company of Canada, Limited  Our leaders in both the imperial aud  Canadian parliaments tells us it is not  for love of war, or lust of conquesl.-  or  territorial  greed.     In 'Great  Britain the people arojiappy and prosperous, and less than'any other country  ' in  Europe is the gulf between reaction and progress; there is, therefore,  no domestic reason for war.    \Vhih>  England is hound by treaty to respect  the neutrality of Belgium", she is not  bound by treaty to defend it;  she is  not -bound  by anything that is signed,   sealed   and    delivered    to '  hSlp  France; she has'no direct interest in  the quarrel between Austria and Ser  via, yet when English diplomacy failed   to confine hostilies^lo  these  two  countries,   war  involving  Great   Britain and the empire, was as inevitable  as it was honorable and necessary.  England was ,a party to the creation of the new Kingdom of Belgium  in 18.31, and was, therefore, mora Unobligated to assist her to maintain her  independence, especially against a nation bound by treaty to respect' it.  This is apart from England's :radi-  tional policy of encouragement and  help to weak nations fighting for lib  erty and a free government. How  much little Belgium has deserved  English support- was demonstrated  during the month of August. For three  precious weeks she stemmed the tide-  of an army intended to crush Europe;  theu when the military strategy of  the Allies required it she sacrificed  her beautiful Capitol as a pawn in the  game of war. .Such valor and self-  abnegation are rare in history.  Then with respect to France, the  good 'feeling which has existedv for  some years between the two nations  developed into an understanding  which, to an honorable nation, was  as binding as a treaty. So coniidont-  were the two nations of each other's  support, that England surrendered, in  a great measure to the safe-keeping  of the French ileet, her interest in the-  Mediterranean, while France trusten  her western and northern shores to  the friendly vigilance of the lihiglish  fleet. If England had been the first tu  feel the stroke of the enemy, no Briton lias any doubts as to what the attitude of France would-have  been.  In those circumstances, both with  regard to Belgium and France, Great  Britain- is at war because honor demand-; it If she -had made lierseif  a party to the shameful bargain pro  posed by German)-, she would n.-ver  hav.e recoveredy-froin the shame.  ; Now, as tp,������itlie;:jquetsioh of the necessity of war^qiVjtJre.protection of her  material interests;:: a glance at the  map of Europe-wwill answer. Great  Britain's total annual trade is nearly  tt^ven billion dollars, . onuthir.-. of  which is with Continental Europe. The  open door to this vast European trade  is through Holland and Belgium. If  England had remained neutral, and  France loutuV herselLunable .to drive  the Germans .hack into their own  country, these doors would have beon  closed. In addition to" this bUY- at  England's trade and prestige, Ger  many nvould have dominated Europe  and whipped into j.er ranks all the  weaker nations, as Napoleon did a  hundred years ago. Thus fortified  Germany' would regard her oargaiu  with England as lightly as she regarded iier treat.- with Belgium, and  make fresh demands which, if complied with, would mean an end to th:*  Britisli empire.  But the kaiser-reckoned witiout  his host���������Britain did not barter her  right to defend her honor "or her-interests. Her people at home, and  throughout the empire, closed rank  and stood as one-man ready to assume the -terrible consequences of war  rather than that the Hag shouk". suffer dishonor, or that it should be lowered in the markets of the world.  Great Britain, the little island nation, no larger than one of our own  larger provinces, whose ports and  markets are free to the whole world...  whose army and ravy are manned  without a single conscript, and whose  government is as free and democratic  aa her republican ally, is fighting for  the principle of honor between nations  and "that British pvluck," industry and  enterprise, the world over, shall not  pale before the unbridled lust of. a  military autocrat. To Canadians this  is an inspiring spectacle.  f It is to maintain her jMace in the  empire and to share with 'the Mothe/'  Country the burdens of this war ot"  civilization, that Canada offers in tlnV>  crisis, so ungrudgingly, the flower of  her young manhood and the first  fruits* of her industry.  il;  it is very expensive  of lumber and tha  in 0 great many-of the ne-wer agricultural districts  to ersct buildings for stock oAving co the high price  distance which it has to be hauled. Oftentimes sod or log stables roofed,  vith brush and sods are used, which answer the purpose very satisfactorily until such time as the farmer can afford somewhat more substantial  quarters for his stock'. The accompanying sketches are intended to offer  a suggestion' as to a cheap and efficient method of erecting temporary  stables by means of making a frame of wire..over poles and the blowing  of a straw stack over the whole. The drawings are themselves sel������-ex������  planatcry and alterations can be made by the individual to suit any par.  ticular conditions which may arise.  Tlie-ie  cuts  are  furnished   through  the courtesy"of the  Vice-'---rcsidenl  of the  CP.R.  7-������>rv-)v-Yr*v.  .VbvtM YMtraetmnafntM  >*tV4tf  . /  Dopn  STRAW  COLONY PIG  HOUSE  The inside of this structure can be partitioned  off wilh rough lumuer if so  desind.  separate   plj  pens.  int*s.  /  't  .Hi  ���������11  ij  If  "?'*" I  \    roi.L* n on������*i*  IS   WlKl AMD *TnA������������  'v^A^-5>  Sr^AW  WALLt  The   idea  is  to show how  lsrmer  who  cannot  STRAW  IMPLEMENT  SHED  easily and  cheaply a comfortable buildinjr/nay be put up by  at  first afford to buiid a "rnodern frame  barn.  any  OPCNINC; LtT*T   Fof  VENTILATION  SILL TO STRLTCH  V*/l*l  STRAW   WALL  ' Post  This frame  woven  and  Yard Built on  HOG PEN  frame over   which  STAKC&.  is constructed of a pole frame over   which   an   ordinary fence  wire,  framing  li  the whole structure then covered with straw. . This is a cheap and economical  method of erecting* a warm winter house for'the  brood sows.  Sill to  ���������vine,  <o"P0LES  Ll^STRAW WALLtf  HORSE   BARN  and pole frame which  only requires a  straw stack to be blown  order  to make a very satisfactory stable.  over it  ia  Pets on tho Battlefield  What sort of a pet have the British Grenadiers taken with him for  the fray? In-the Crimea it was a  cat���������a pretty, playful creature picked up in the eiarch across Bulgaria,  and taken via Varna to the Crimea.  During tlie battle of the Alma;  when the fate of empires appeared  trembling in the. balance, Colonel  Whcatley, with the cheerful nonchalance of the merry men he corn-  out:  th-3  Especially to Women  "Doctor, is lockjaw a painful affliction?"  "Unspeakably : 1."���������Exchnge.  v".enileman  Gentleman ,.:. from the French "gem-  tilhomme" and means ono -.'l.c belongs to the ,.<ens-men. or gentlemen,  were those only who had a family  name, were born of free parents, had  no slave in their ancestral line and  had never heea degraded to a-iOwe-'  rank.  In la IS a battle was fought near  Milan, in Italy, and so perfect was  the armor of both- arinias that, although the conflict raged from (��������� a.m.  to -J p.m., no om on either side was  either "killed or wounded, though one  man broke his collar bone by falling  oft' his horse.  "Sinco the war began the women  have been taking the places of the  men   on  the  Paris jstreet   cars."  "Well, they'd do it here, out  men are too ill-mannered to -jet  ���������Buffalo Express.  the  up."  Wife���������Oh, George, do order a  rat-  trap to be sent home today.  George���������But  you   bought one  week.  Wife���������Yes, dear, but there's a  In that.���������Universalist Leader.  last  rat.  manded,    cried    out:   "Where's  cat, boys?"  "Here she is, sir," answered  stentorian voice, and a  bearded Grenadier stepped forward,  opened his knapsack as he spoke.  There was puss, safe and sung. She  neeped out at the battle, stretched  herself, yawned contemptuously at  the enemy, then settled down agriin  iu her nest, to be carried .���������through a.  thrilling charge, survive the battle-  unhurt, and to become in due time,  a joyful mother of kittens.  Something of tlie same sort of  thing happened in the sanguinary  engagements between tlie Russians,  and Japanese. During - the' terrible  lighting around Mukden, a Japanese  lieutenant saw a pretty little Pekinese spaniel wandering disiractedi}  between the two lines of lire. Evidently it had been taken into the battle bv\a Russian jfi'icer, who had sin.ie  been' killed, and it was now wandering sadly in search of him. The Jap  anese officer whistled it, and the dog  ran fawning to him, and became lii-i  devoted pet.  The time came for a great Japanese charge upen tlie Um'sia.'i  trenches. The dog accompanied its  new master, but with its long coat and  short logs it could not go the pact")  of the agile Japi.nese infantry. So  the lieutenant picked it up again, wl':li  his sword in his right hand ana tho  dog under His left arm, -> charged  homo at. the head of his men, and tha  dog shared with him the safe posi  tion which the attack secured.  A British army division at war  strength has no fewer than 2*16 clerka  attached to it. They are ledger clerks,  shorthand clerks, typists, accountants, etc., and they belong to tho  headquarters of the division, brigades, batallions, batteries and companies.  Serving in the Ran!:?'  Another point ought to be mentioned, and this concerns those who are  hovering on the brink of enlistment  but-who think that their, duty ij to  become officers rather than privates.  No doubt there is dearth of officers,  but also it is not too much good for  a man to offer to be an officer unless  he has had some previous training or  has some special knowledge. No one  who wants to serve his country to ths  best of his ability, and that mean*  practically everybody, should apply  _ for a commission without adding that  gigantic if lie cannot, have one he will enter  the ranks. No man is too good to  serve his cou-try as a private soldier. That must be hammered into tha  minds of the youths of the upper  classes and of the middle class. Happily plenty of them are already setting an example by going into the  ranlcs. There they will fare just as  well-as the officers while campaigning  and- will be just as well looked after  if they fall siclc 01  are  wounded.  In tho modern army there are no  soft places for officers, indeed, tha  officers are jvorked distinctly harder  than the men, have to expose themselves more to danger, and owing to  their leadership are unable to loon  out for easy berths. Of course a  man with a special knowledge and  special brain-power will do well ta  become an officer. 'We are convinced,  however, that the ordinary man of  r^'.ucatlon and cultivation belonging  to the well-to-do classes will, do better by joining the rank;; promptly  than by hanging about waiting for a  commission. Remember that if ha  li' es soldiering lie can always qualify  for his commission from the ranks.  The ranks or tlie German army are,  of course, full < I men of birth, braed-  ing, wealth and education, and so are  the ranks of the French. Indeed, w������  believe there is an ex-cabinet minister-  shouldering his rifle as an ordinary  private in the French army. The men  of light and leading must ?.et the example, and there is no example which  they ^an set better, or which want*  setting more at this moment, th.ta  cheerfully entering the ranks as private soldiers. When once the recr.iit  in in the army the military authorities  will know how best to make use of  any special talents he may possess.-*  London Spectator.  t. ft J  m  i  Ki THE    SUN,    GftAND   FOIUtS.    "B. C.  The Army .of-  ConsfipatioB.  Is Growing Smaller Every Day.  ncss, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skin:  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  Chbldrsn Teething  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  IRS.  S  P  /   ^  !S  ���������es  I  PURELY VEGETABLE���������NOT NARCOTIC  ?HE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. No1. Wo2. M<,a  THE RAP JON '.SfflS-iSI  jreat succcsj, cores "chronic weakness, lost viGoa'  * VIM. KIDNEY, BLADDER/DISEASES. BLOOD ..POISON.  "TILES. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS Or MAIL 81. POST 4 CTS  JOUGERA CO. 90. OEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BR03  TORONTO. ��������� WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR.LE CLERC  MED.CO.HAVERSTOCKRD. HAMPSTEAD. LONDON. ENQ.  a*RYNEWDRAGEE(TASTELESS)FORMOE    EASY TO TAKB  T H E R A Pfl ON'- a&isw  1EE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THERAPION* IS OH  JKIT. GOVT.STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACESTS.  AGENTS' GOLD MINE!:! ���������  History European War Causes, etc.  Profusely illustrated. Best terms.  Freight'paid; credit given. Order  .tree sample now. Nichols Company,  Limited,  Publishers, Toronto.   ./���������;.">  "PATENTS  Folhcrstonhaugh & Co., head office,  King street east/Toronto, Canada.  -   r        .   ���������   ��������� ���������-*  An  Uncomfortable Night  Recently a resident of an inland  town'in the' United States went on a  trip that included 'an all-night voyage on a steamboat. Accompanying  Mm. was a-nephew more accustomed  ..io the ..ways of travel.  "Wall," uncle," asked the nephew,  meeting the old man on deck the  following morning, "did you have a  good night?-"  "Can't say that I did," answered  ���������uncle wearily. "When I went to my  Toom, I seen that-card which, tells ye  "now to put" on a life preserver, and  after that I didn't git much rest."  "I don't get you, uncle," wondering-  ]y returned the young man. "What  lad that to'do with itV"  -"Everything,' answered the uncle.  3,I couldn't sleep with the .derned  thing-on." -*" "'���������  Passing   of   Darwinism  Scientists from all parts of the British empire assembled in Australia  for the annual meeting of the. British  Association for the Advancement" of  science, presided over by Professor  William Batesson, who was inducted  by that great scientist, Sir Oliver  Lodie.       ��������� -  - ...  Professor Batesson's address on  "Heredity and Evolution" Avas a  direct attack-on the-Darwinian theory  of evolution���������not. on the great facts  of evolutiori'-tliemselves,' but on Darwin's explanation of them.  ' "I suppose," he said, "that everyone is familiar with the theory of tho  origin of species; which Darwin promulgated. 'Through the last 50 years'  thcis theme of tlie1 natural selection of  favored races has been developed and  expounded in . writings innumerable.  Favored races certainly-can replace  others. The argument is sound, but  we are doubtful of its value; for in  that debate stands adjourned."  The ^president thus offered no theory of any kind to replace the Darwinian explanation, but while - destroying it'he paid a high tribute  to its propourider..'���������-���������' '���������'...  Y If they could not see how a fowl  gave rise to a chicken or, how one  sweet; pea produced another, they at  least could watch " the system by  which the differences between the  various kinds of fowls or between the  various kinds of sweet peas were distributed among the offspring.-  The- allotment of characteristics  among offspring was-'accomplished  through a-process of cell division in  which the elements were sorted out.  What those elements were we did not  know, but it" seemed to_him unlikely  that they Avere material'particles. He  suspscted that their properties depended on some method of arrangement.  Plants, fowls, dogs, horses, one's  own children exemplified this doctrine of segregation of the factors of  inheritance. The body of evidence  was now very large.  In place-of what they now knew the  scope claimed for natural selection  must he greatly reduced. We went to  Darwin- for his facts, but he no longer  spoke with philosophical authority.  The doctrine of the survival of the  fittest helped scarcely at all to account for the diversity of the species.  ���������'������������������ There was no proof that the domestic animals had been developed  from a few ��������� wild types.. Fowls presented insuperable difficulties as to  ancestry.. Dogs, horses,, cattle, sheep,  poultry, wheat, rice, oats, plums,  cherries had in turn-been accepted as  derived not from one but from several  distinct forms.       --^   ; -  The problem of the origins of life  still stood outside the range of scientific investigation, 'and when they  heard of the spontaneous formation  of aldehyde by the action' of light"' as  "the first stepin the origin of life, they  thought of Harry Lauder, in the character, of a schoolboy pulling out his  treasures from his pocket saying  "That's a washer���������fer makkin' motor  cars." .,'.''  Evidently Darwinism has had ito  day, and is to be followed "by some  new scientific theory, nature and revelation being apparently the only  stable facts in life.    .  SKYSCRAPER   3UILT   BY   WOMEN  Agent, janitor, Elevator Operator, Porters and Office Clerk���������Women.  . Kansas City is to have a ten-storey  office building which will be' aevoted  entirely to busmess- women. No men  will be allowed to rent space in the  building. ��������� '-������������������ ' -  The building is to be erected by the  '.'"/Oman's Commercial Club, and a woman capitalist whose name was not.  made public, will finance the undertaking. The site has not been made  public, as the women do not wish the  price on the ir ���������; to advance before  they can close the deal. "  The building will-be designed by a  woman architect, with a special view  to the accommodation of women. The  agent of the building will be a woman,  the janitors will be women, the ele-  -ators will be operated by girls and  girls will be employed as porters.  -Office girls instead of boys will be  employed by the tenants and male  stenographers need not apply. One  man has asked for an office in the  building, declaring that he wanted it  because he knew it would be kept  clean, but his request has been refused.  Minard's   Liniment .for   sale   everywhere.  TULIP   BREAD   NOW  'Tis  Made From Ground Tulip Bulbs,  and  is  Very   Nourishing  On account of the scarcity of  wheat in Holland, the Association of  Dutch Bakers has sanctioned the use  of a so-called "tulip bread," in which  one-third of the flour used is made  from ground tulip bulbs. The bread  is said to be 'very nourishing and the  war ministry has recommended: its  use in the army.        ' :       "  A special to the London Daily News  from Rotterdam says that the-German  minister of agriculture has issued a  circular declaring that the cereal crop  is not so good as expected, ordering  the manufacture of-alcohol cut down  40 per cent, and recommending that  , farmers conserve the food supply by  drying potatoes on a large scale. Instructions are being given in-ithe country, districts as to the use of potato  ,meal for the manufacture  of bread.  The popes gave up their claim to  issue coinage in 1867, when Piux IX.,  minted some few silver lira. Unlike some of his predecessors he left  off his coins the representation of the  keys symbolical of the claims to a  Petrive succession.'  All mothers can put away anxiety  ���������regarding -their suffering children  when they have.Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator to give relief. Its ef-  ^cts are sure and lasting.  Dad���������The kind of wedding you  want, my child, would cost $2,000.  Daughter���������Then what is to be done,  papa?  Dad���������You will have to be married  without my consent.���������Boston Transcript.  "I hear that Brown has failed,'  said Jones/"I thought hc made nothing  but  gilt-edged  investments."  "He did," replied Smith, "but they  turned out to be gold bricks."  How's This?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  F. J. CHENEY & CO, Toledo, O.  We, the undersigned, have lcno*wn F. J.  Cheney for the last 15 year3, and believe  him perfectly honorable in all business  transactions and' financially able to-earry  out any obligations  made by his firm.  NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE,  .   Toledo,  O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken Internally, acting- directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials sent free. Prtee, 75 cents per bottle.  Sold  by  all Druggists.  'Take Hall's Family Fills for constipation.  r.EWSBOY   H,._TEDkB /   THE.WAR  "Pittsie"   Ryan,   Walking   Around   the  World,   Last  Heard   From   in  Paris  One of- the globe-trotters whom war  overtook in Europe is "Pittsie" Ryan,  an American newsboy whose face, if  not his name, is known to thousands  of people, including not a few dig.nL  tarics. "Pittsie" started almost two  years ago to* walk around the world,  taking his time doing it, and when  last heard from he was iu Paris selling American newspapers to tourists.  That .was three weeks ago. Ho wrote  to a "newsio" in New York that he  expected to be back in this country in  August, but he has not yet appeared  on Broai.way and his whereabouts are  unknown. His friends, however, declare that "Pittsie" is" well able to  take care of himself, as he is resourceful and -self-reliant and makes  friends  everywhere he goes.  Young Ryan, who has sold papers  iir most of the. large cities of the  "United Sttes,: began his long tour in  October, 1912, sailing from'San" Francisco with only a pedestrian's pack  and a Remington rifle. From the* Hawaiian Islands he went to Australia.  After walking' across Australia he  took.a boat to South Africa, and set  out on the long and difficult' tramp  up the African continent from Johannesburg to Cairo. He did Europe  a-foot and reached Paris. ' several  weeks ago. Fond-of adventure, he  doubtless was not greatly troubled by  the outbreak of war, but his hosts of  friends, nevertheless, are anxious for  news of "Pittsie" Ryan.  TWO YEARS OF TORTURE  S'  Drives Asthma Like Mayic. The immediate help from Dr. J. D. Kellugg's  Asthma Remedy, seems like magic.  Nevertheless it is only a natural remedy used in a natural way. The smoke  or vapor, reaching the most remote  passage of the affected tubes, brushes  aside the trouble and opens a way for  fresh air to'enter. It is sold.by dealers throughout the land.  Don't Let Corns Torment You  Use". Putnam's Corn.; Extractor,  which cures Corns in one night,without pain. For 30 years Putnam's has  been the standard cure of Great Britain and America.   Try it.  A reporter was interviewing Thos.  A. Edison.  "And you, sir," he said to the inventor, "made the first talking machine?"  '���������"No," Mr." Edison replied; "the first  one was made long before my lime���������  out of a rib."  Knicker���������Why don't you and your  wife kiss and make up?  Bocker���������She and her mother signed an agreement not to make peace  separately.���������Tit-Bits.  W. 11. U. 1022  To Circumvent Order on AM Goods  The government has ascertained  that an effort is being made by United States agents of German exporters  to continue sales of. German and Austrian goods in Canada, thus circumventing the order-in-council prohibiting trade with the country';, enemies.  A large number of circulars have  been sent to Canadian merchants by  United States importers of Cerman  and Austrian goods, offering to supply these goods in Canada.  Hon. J. D. Reid, minister of customs, said that effective action would  be taken to prevent any such contravention of the spirit of the order-in  council regarding trade with the en  emy. Canadian merchants are advised  that goods thus purchased may be liable to confiscation.  Yhey Cleanse While They Cure.���������  The vegetable compound of , which  Parmelee's Pills are composed, mainly dandelion and mandrake, clear ths  stomach and intestines of deleterious  mat'.er and restore the deranged.organs to healthful action. Hence they  are the best remedy for -indigestion  available today. A trial of them will  establish the truth of this assertion  and do .more to convince the ailing  than anything that can be written of  these pills.  A Hope1 For British Victory  Of one thing we may be certain,  that while all Christendom will have  to share the; burden of distress it is  upon Germany that the larger part  will fall in useful lives extinguished,  in fianancial misery, idle shipping,  closed factories.  That this is all due to the insaae  growth of armies and navies stimulated, yes, necessitated by Germany's  practice, no one can deny. This war  is not a bolt out of the blue.- It has  long been recognized as unavoidable  and it bears the earmarks of deliberate planning. Nothing was lacking but  a good excuse. And this excuse has  been found, or manufactured, as you  please. It-Is right that Germany  should pay heaviest.   ,:   ' ;  '"' Let"us"���������������������������"hopethe plea''"��������� for bloated  armaments as ; essential to national  safety may never again be heard. We  now perceive what they lead to. And  let us hope that victory may rest witli  the British who, as a hundred /ears  ago, are fighting in the cause of human progress and world-wide peace  against the tyranny of personal, arbitrary government.���������"A Naval Officer" in the New York Independent.  Pat and Mike were obliged to halt  their heavily-loaded cart to make  way for a funeral. Gazing at the  procession, Pat suddenly remarked:  "Mike, I wish I knew where I was  goin' to die. I'd give five hundred  pounds to know the place where I'm  goin' to die."  "Well, Pat, what good would it do  if .vez knew?"  "Lots," said Pat. "Shure, I'd nevjr  go near thot place."  "Do you know, my dear," said the  young husband, "there's something  wrong with the cake? It doesn't  taste right."  "That is all your imagination," answered the bride triump.iantly, "for  it says in the cook took that it is delicious."  Precocious Child���������Mamma, when  people get suffrage, does it just come  for two or three days and then go  away, or does it last a long time,  like whooping cough and measles?"  With the Clerks' Help  "So  your work  is   monotonous,   is  it?   Why dont you get a job in a shoo  store?"   "  do  Miss  Fluff���������Mr.    Deepthcught,  you think marriage is a failure?''  Mr.  Deepthought���������Well,   the   bride  never gets the best man.  "I'm afraid," said Mrs. Twickcnv  bury, "that* the young people of the  present day are too much inclined to  indulge in sectarian amusements on  Sunday."  Greene���������How much are you going  t./ pay for your auto?  Gray���������I don't know yet how much  I can raise on my house.���������-Judge.  First Bather���������Why, Katharine, your  foot is bleeding.   How did you cut it?  Second Bather���������On the water's edge  I suppose.���������Philadelphia Record.  lo  SHIP YOUR GRAIN to us  and we will sell it for you  at the highest market price  saving elevator charges  and insuring highest netre-  turns. Liberal Advances, i  Write for folder as to our  mcthods& weekly market letter.  FLOUR MILLS  240^ GRAIN EXCHANGE,   WINNIPEG  War Experiences of a Canadian  . British newspapers contain a description of the trying experiences of  a Canadian,lady who showed a noble  and patriotic spirit in most trying circumstances. She and two other ladies  were travelling together. After having succeeded with difficulty in getting from Innsbruck to Munich, they  got passports from the British consul  there. "We then started for Switzerland," she said, "but at Lindau, on the  Lake of Constance, we were ordered  to'gH out and detained in the railway  station refreshment room. That was  Friday, August 14. We were detained in the refreshment room for eight  hours. Seven other British subjects  were with us. There was plenty to  eat for those who had the money to  pay for it, and, on the whole, we were  kindly treated, althougu we were  much alarmed when a Bavarian colonel came in a state of great excitement and informed us that the "irench  and Russians were behaving" to his  countrymen like wild beasts. After  we had been detained for eight hours  we were told that the women could go  but the' men of military ago would  have to remain in Lindau. 1 and my  companions got away, but two English ladies who were with their husbands declined to leave them. The  party were not-imprisoned; they were  simply told to go to a hotel and remain thero'.'What will become of them  when their money is all gone I do  not know. Our journey through  Switzerland and France was a ino.-;t"  unpleasant experience. Wo were six-  days on the journey, and all the time  we had to stand in the gangways of  the trains or sit on the luggage that  was piled up in them. I have lost  all my luggage, hut I am thankful to  have got back alive. I am only sorry  now for those we had to leave behind.  Vhile I was in suspense at Munich 1  was strongly advised by friends ti  represent that I was a citizen of the  United States, hut I would die rather  than deny my flag."  Cured by the Use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Pilis for Pale People'  There are two ways usually adopted in trying to cure indigestion or  stomach trouble���������one the wrong -way  by using purgatives and the other  drugs which only act locally and  which in the long run causes more  distress by weakening the whole system. The other way and tlie right  way is the Dr. Williams' manner" of  treatment��������� that is to nourish and  build up that stomach by supplying  plenty of new, rich, red blood. Give the  stomach this much needed supply of  new blood and ustress "will disappear  and stay banished forever. The new  blood strengthens the nerves of tho  stomach and gives it the necessary  power to digest food. Thousands bear  witness to the value of the" Dr. Williams' treatment . through the blood.  Among them is the Rev. P.-D. Nowlan,  of Summerville, N.S., who says: "I  certainly have great reason to recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, as they  were the means of saving my life. Till  I reached the age of thirty I never  knew what pain or sickness meant,  but after that my stomach failed me  and food of any kind'caused untold  distress. I became constipated and  was forced to use injections '. daily.  This went* on for about two years; I  grew weaker and weaker; my weight  fell off from 1S5 to 125 pounds; I hart  a hacking cough and appeared to be  going into a decline. All this time I  was being treated-by the best of doctors, but without the least benefit..  Night after niglu I could get no sleep  the pain and agony was so severe. On  consultation the. doctors decidedl was  suffering from cancer of the stomach  and adyised an operation as a mea.is  of saving my life. " This I refused to  undergo and began to look forwan. to  an early death. Just then a friend advised me to try Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills. I had no faith in any medicine and at ill'st refused, but my  friend was so persistent that finally  I gave in. and purchased half a dozen  boxes; By the time these were gone  I felt much stronger and the distress  was not so severe. I continued their  use and each succeeding box wrought,  a marked improvement in my condition till by the time I had taken a  dozen boxes every pain and ache had  left me; my strength increased; my  weight was back where it was before  I wa'. ill; I had a good appetite and  was completely cured. In the years  that have elapsed since I used the  Pills not a twinge of the trouble has  returned. To me Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills, are the greatest medicine on  earth and I never lose>an opportunity  in recommending them to other sufferers, for I feel that were it not for  their use I would have been in my  grave long ago." '  What Dr. Williams'- Pink Pills did  for Rev. Mr. Nowlan they have done  for thousands of others and will do  for you if ailing. They.not only cure  cases of stomach trouble, but rheumatism, partial paralysis, heart palpitation, St. Vitus dance and all other  troubles that have their origin in a  bad condition of the blood and nerves.  The Pills are sold by medirine dealers  or by mail at 50c a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Bro'ckville, Ont.  Rear-Admiral the Hon. Maurice  Horatio Nelson died at Portsmouth  recently. He was a descendant of  the great sea fighter of that name,  being the third son of the second  Earl Nelson. The late Rear-Admiral  was born on January 2, 1832, and was  educated at Eton and at the Royal  Acadsmy, Gosport. He entered the  Royal navy iu 1845, and won distinction in the Crimea War. He was  present at the bombardment of Odessa in 1S54, and was later awarded the  Crimean and Turkish medals, Ink-  erman clasp and 5th class Medjidie.  Admiral Nelson served in the Naval  Brigade before Sebastopol and was ia  command of a gunboat in the Baltic  in 1S55. He retired from the service in ISTo!.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Gents,���������A customer of Qiirs cured a  very had case of distemper in a valuable horse by tlu use of MINARD'S  LINIMENT.  Yours truly,  VI I.AX DIE FU LORES.  A valuable collection worth ������20,-  000,000 has been bequeathed to tho  Louvre by Baron Schlichting, a prominent member of the Russian colony  in Paris, who died recently. It comprises pictures, bronzes, objects d'art  and furniture. Among the pictures  are some of the finest known examples of Rubens, Boucher, Fragon*  ard, Nattier and. Watteau.  The Czar of Russia probably owns  a greater quantity of china than any  other person in the world. He hag  the chinu belonging to all the Russian rulers as far back as Catherine  the Great. It is stored in the Winter Palace at St. Petersburg.  The  Reason  Why  Maud���������Why ir it that your closest  friend will say the worst things about  you?  Marie���������She usually knows more  than others.���������Exchange.  Try.Murine Eye   Remedy ,  "Before we wore-married you called  me an angel."  "I know it."  "And now you don't call mc anything."  "You ought to bo glad that, f possess such self-control."���������Hon'ton P03L   MURINE EYE REMEDY ������0., Chlcafl^  jf you !-?vo Red, Weak, Watery Eyeo  tr Granulated Eyelids. Don't Smart���������  Bootheo Eye Pain. Drugglata Sell Mut  rlne Eyo Remedy, Liquid, 2Gc, 50c. Mia  rlno Eyo Salve In Aseptic Tubes 25o^  60c.    Eye Book Free by Mall.  Aa 1-1* Tonic Coot* Jar All Kjre������ thtt Need Cars THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  v."''   '  "i>  G. A. Evans, Editor and Publisher  8UBSOBIPTION RATBB !  Oae if ear   One Tear (in advance)  ,  One Year, in United States   . $1.50  . 1.00  . l.������0  EARL ROBERTS  S  Address all communications to  Thb QbandJ?obks Sun,  Phonb "R 74 Gband Fours, B. C  FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 20,  1914  From the department" of the naval  service, Ottawa, comes a neat booklet on "Fish and Plow to Cook It."  It gives a description of the- differ  ent species of fish and about two  hundred recipes for .preparing it for  the table in an appetizing manner.  The booklet is issued by the department ot naval service in the hope  that it will come into the bands of  many in whose homes fish has not  yet become an important-part.of the  diet of the household, and who will,  by a perusal of its pages, be led'-to  see the wisdom, from the standpoints of both economics and health,  of giving fish as an article of food a  prominent place. Copies" of the  booklet may be obtained by apply  iDgto the department:  Field Marshal Earl Roberts died  Saturday night in France of pneumonia. Tho death of Earl Robert!*  was extremely sudden He was in  his usual good health when lie left  England on Wednesday with his  daughter, Lady Aileen Roberts, and  his son in-law, Major Lewin.  Hon William Temple-nan, former  minister of mines and of inland revenue in the Dominion government and  proprietor of the Victoria Times, died  at his home in Victoria on Sunday  afternoon.  Don't .wait, too . long  to  have  that  reset.   Your diamond.set  while you wait'.  We have a  nice line of  mounts in stock now  A. D, MORRISON '^^^:^!  in   on week clayn at 8 p.m.   on   Sa������  urdnys during   the  winter months.  The new schedule of hours went into  eil'ect last Monday.  Army Hospital Work  In the army of nearly   all   Eruo-  pean powers the medical-service has  three divisions.    The first goes with  the fighting troops, tbe second stays  with the base of   supplies, and   the  third   stays at   home, in  charge of  the permanent   hospitals.    A   man  who is wounded in   battle   receives  first aid   and emergency  treatment  on the spot, and then, if the wounds  require it, is. borne to   the base hospitals, where surgical operations can  be carried  on    without  interfering  with the movements of  the  troops.  If his wound is there found  serious  enough to unfit him for further service, he   is   sent  to the permanent  hospitals.at home; if not so serious,  he is placed in a convalescent camp,  and when recovered   returns to   the  front.    Each army division has two  sorts of   sanitary   troops���������the regimental detachments that accompany  the regiments into action,   and   the  field hospital,   or  ambulance   companies, which remain slightly in the  rear. The_acabulan.ee   company   establishes a dressing station   as  near  the   firing   lines   as  it can take the  ambulance.*-.    The field hospitals are  situated three miles or more  to  the  rear, and out  of  rifle   range.    The  ambulances of the division parry the  wounded from the   dressing  station  to the field hospital.   Each regiment  has four sugeons,   twenty-four  hos  pital corps men, and   about   thirty  litter   bearers.    These   men'   make  their headquarters at the regimental  first aid station.  One surgeon   takes.  charge of the station, and the  other  three are assigned each to one of the  three   battalions-  of  the  regiment.  Approximately, that gives one   surgeon to every five hvndred men.  Yesterday's War Summary  There were no developments in the  battle between the allies and Germans in France. Heavy ri^htni" is  reporjed to have taken place in Po  land between the Russians and Prussians.  A i aval battle between Russian  and Turkish warships was fought on  the Black sea. The Russians say th-lithe cruiser Goehen,-which Germany  sold to Tnrkey, was crippled, but'that  the escaped in the fog. The Turks  claim that one of Russian boats was  damaged.  [EWS Of TH  The Sun is the largest 'and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one  half that of its local contemporaries  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is main  (ained, merely on its merits ������.*-��������� ������  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure suh-  scoribers. ��������� .  utiLit uUi!  W. J. GALIPEAU, MANAGER  Contractors for   Cement  Sidewalks,   Foundations   and  Basements,  Manufacturers of Concrete Fence   Posts   and ��������� Concrete  Building Blocks of every description.  CONCRETE SILO  Silos constructed   of   concrete   block1-   are  frost-proof and' practically   indestructible.  Write us for estimntes iu any kind of concrete- work.  The Ladies of the Maccabees held  one of their pleasant socials at the  home of Mr. and Mrs. W. A Stewart  on Wednesday evening. There were  a large number of guests prssent, and  they were royally entertained by their  hosts. " Cards, games and music furnished the amusement. Refreshments  were served. Before departing for  their homes, all those present voted  Mr. and Mrs. Stewart the best of en  tertainars This was one of a series-  of social entertainments the members  of the lodge have enjoyed,the previous  ones hnving been held at the homes  of Mr. and Mrs. John Donaldson, Mr.  and Mrs. A. F. Michener and Mr. and  Mrs, John Curry.  A Great ��������� 'ar Map  We would uladly distribute free  of charge to every Sun reader a war  map. hut an indisciiminate distribution of the map we are offering is  impossible. It is the best war-map  issued beyond question. It is 3Jx  2-J- feet, and shows every city, town,  village and hamlet, every river and  mountain in the whole war area.  We offer The Sun and that great  weekly. The Family Emerald mid  Weekly Star for one year each for  ������1.50,'and "very person taking ad  vantage of this offer will.receive  from the Family Herald a copy of  the war map free of charge. The  offer means that you are practically  getting one of the papers for a year  free of charge. The offer is good for  fifteen days only.  \0 CENT "CASCABETS"-  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy  Cathartic.  Will beautify the home and  give a rich appearance and  finish to a room that cannot  be given in any other way.  Our new papers will enable  you to do this. See our samples and be convinced.  Wood 1 and (3&Quinn  The Rexall Druggists  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS &&  gulatlng Pill for Women. $5 a box or three lor  ���������JlO.^Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt of price. Tna Scobell Ditua  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.  PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.  ffifSS  Vitality; for Nerve and Brain; increases "grey  matter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. *S a box,or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt'  of pricejgTHE Scoeell Dmjg Co., St. Catharines,  Ontario.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good.  Horses at All Hours at  the.    '      - '���������  ode! Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  TICK BY TH  A number of deep trenches were  dug on Winnipeg avenue yesterday.  Presumably they were made for the  improvement of the waterworks system, and not as a precautionary measure against an anticipated German invasion.  Last week work was begun on the  big railway bridge across the Tula-  nieen at Princeion.. , It will have one  concrete pier and two concrete abutments There wiil be two 100-foot  Howe truss spans.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  aches, how miserable you are from  constipation, Indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always get  relief with Gascarets. They imme-'  diately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; take the excess bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and .poison  from the intestines; and bowels. V  10-cent box from your druggist .vill  keep your liver and bowels clean;  stomach sv/eet and head clear for  months.    They work while you sleep.  All the country hotels in the Boundary have renewed their liquor licenses  for the coming year.  The merchants of this, city tin  Friday last entered into an agreement to close their stores at   5:00 p.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  John Wanannikei' says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady: It in  creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  The Sun only costs $1 a year,  prints all the news.  It  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed that lays  persistently.  YEARLING HENS  FOE SALE.  THE  london -Directory  -    (Published Annually) .  liiinbles traders  throughout  tho  -.vorld   to  ooiiimiinicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of poods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its*  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, unci the Uolonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  ;���������'*"��������� STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings; -  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their.trade cards for $5,^orlftrger advertisements from $15. ,'  THE LONDON DIRECT LTD.  "25, Abchurch Lane, London,   E.C  They are usually best  and most satisfactory  in the end.  OUNDARY-'S BEST  BOTLED BEEB  a home product of  real merit. Get a  a case today and try it  now.   Ask for it."  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY  Yale  Barber Shop  Kazor. Honlnc a Sppcialt.v.  BIB  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PH0NF64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  S. C.R.I. RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. C.  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  from F. E. Siiantz' Office, Bridge Street  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  perishable freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  HANSEN SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  N.  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Tblbvhoni-s;  Office, KII8 CfPQt SfPPPt  H AN8KH"R KF.SIDENCB. Ri!8 ������ ������ ������" ������>* CCI  Geo. E. RIassie  Fasfw.-naMe  rtlt  P. A,  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.    .���������_  nartiniiullen  All Kinds of braying  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  ' and Gentlemen's  Ladies  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forks, B. G.  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE is  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Grand   Forks Transfer  PHONB 129  Sole Agents for  Teaming- of  All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage at All  n*i     ���������  1 rains.  Mclntyre 8 Mclnnis, Proprietors  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.-   It is  the brightest paper in the Boundary country  -is-msn  mmmmsm n  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  )i>7  very Reader of Tiie Sun May  * *       i i  -  Have a W^ Map Free  :- ���������_ ',       '   " ���������' ������������������'������������������ ��������� ������������������: .J-  "'A MAP 3������x2������ feet, showing  **V clearly every boundary,  every city, every town, village,  hamlet and river in" the whole  European War area. Each map  in a neat folder of convenient  size. * ,.'���������'.  HpHE Family Herald, and  * Weekly Star of Montreal  has secured exclusive rights for  the War Map prepared by the  celebrated map firm of G-. W.  Bacon & Co., Ltd., of London,  Eng. It is beyond question the  most comprehensive map printed ,  T^HE SUN has completed ar-  *     rangements by. which our  readers - can secure a copy   of  this excellent map free of charge.  j������  Here Is Our Of fer Good  For 15 Days Only  TPHE   price   of  The   Family  *���������    Herald and Weekly Star,  Canada's Greatest  Newspaper,  is one dollar a year.  HpHE price of The Grand Forks  *     Sun is one dollar a year.  W  E now offer both papers  one year each, including  a copy of The Family Herald's  War Map, size 30x40 inches, in  a neat folder, of con- ffl pa  venient size for only J3**cJlf  *TpHIS oner applies to all sub-  *     scribers, new or renewal,  who pay for the two papers inside next 30 days from this date.  TO follow the war situation intelligently The Family Herald War Map is necessary. It  should be in every Canadian  Home.  Order at Once  Th  or&s  Should Be Cut Off  The contention of Swift lvxacneill,  the Nationalist member of the  British parliament, that tfie Dukes  of'Albany and Cumberland should  be deprived of their British titles  and-whatever emoluments they pos  sess in the*"~Uuited Kingdom, is  timely common sense. These ,two  personages are fighting in the German army; they are doing their ut  most to accomplish the ruin of the  British empire, and they hold seats  in the house of lords. The fact that  they are related to the kintr does nut  make them less the enemies of the  British people. The kaiser himself  and not an inconsiderable number  of the German nobility are more or  less intimately connected by blood  ties with tbe ruling family of Britain  Whether the Duke of Cumberland  and Duke of Albany draw any revenues from the privy purse of Britain  we do not know, but if they do they  should be stricken off the list. It  would'be absurd for the British taxpayers to contribute to the upkeep  of people who are attempting to put  them under the heel of the German  kaiser.  At one time marriages between  the dynastic families of Britain and  Germany were popular in both  countries. This was due mainly to  the fact that there was much in  common between, the two peoples,  who are descended largely from the  same racial stock. A rift in the,lute  was created by the unfriendly atti-  thde of a considerable section of the  German people, led by Bismarck,  toward the British princess who  married the Crown" Prince Frederick, and tbe development of the  Prussian idea throughout Germany  geuerally drew the two peoples  farther apart. Alliances of this sort  will be sternly discountenanced in  the United Kingdom in the future.*  ���������Victoria Times..  YOUR CHILD IS CROSS,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look  Mother!     If tongue   is  coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  Mercury and the War  Quicksilver has risen from S35 to  $100 a flask (seventy-five  pounds).  According   to   the  Mining   World,  that is far the highest price for mercury in modern times.   The  annual  production   is   about   4100 metric  tons.    The United States   and   Austria-Hungary   produce   each   about  one-sixth   of   this   amount, Italy a  little more, and Spain   nearly   one  third.    The war in Europe has shut  off the Austrian suppl y,   and   made  it difficult 30 transport  the  supply  of   Italy   and   Spain.    It   has also  caused a greatly  increased  demand  for   mercury, which is  now principally   used   in  the manufacture of  fulminate for explosive  caps.    Mercury   is   also   used  exteusively iu  drugs   and   medicaments,    and   in  thermometers   and   instruments of  precision.    Formerly a considerable  amount   of   quicksilver   was    con  sumed   in  silvering mirrors, and in  the   amalgamation  process   of   ex  trading gold and silver   from   their  ores; but mirrors are  now   silvered  with nitrate of silver, and the cyanide process has virtually supplanted  the amalgamation process in   metallurgy.  No man knows the day or the  hour when one of his old love letters  will turn up and take a fall out of  his happiness.  Once in about 7000 years a man  manages to hit the mark when he  shoots off his mouth.  The man who makes good doesn't  wait .forjopportunity to knock. He  has the door wide open.  , There are two sides to everything;  yet a woman only has use tor one  side of a mirror.  The average man acquires but  few virtues until the obituary scribe  gets busy.  ' Lots of pretty good men look as  iftheir wives had got them with  taading stamps.  Any, a man's autobiography seldom gives him the worst of it.  Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs," because in  a few hours all the clogged-up waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.  Side children needn't be coaxed to  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions of mothers keep it handy because they know its action on tke  stomach, liver and bowels is prompt  and sure.  Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of "California Syrup of Figs," which  contains directions for babies, children  of all ages and for grown-ups.  "Three Squares a Day"  In spite of war and the horrors of  war a vast number of Canadians are  going to need "three squares a day,"  just as in times of peace. They are  going to need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc., too, aud a surprising lot of  them will go on buying luxuries as  well.  The bottom hasn't fallen out of  trade. On the contrary a new, bot  torn has been put in. Live advertisers are going after the new business,  new markets, new fields made possible  by this great and unfortunate war.  Just as modern methods of warfare  will add new efficieuey, new features  to this war, so modern methods of  sellidg���������through n-al advertising .and  merchandisinc*���������will arid new effic  iency to the commercial effort set in  motion by the war.  American manufacturers, have dis  covered that-owing to the shutting off'  of German'exportations r.hcy have a  brand new market at their doors for  such commodities as chemicals, drugs,  medicines, copper and manufactures,  cotton goods, earthen stone and china-  ware, ' glass and glassware, malt  liquors, spirits, wines, silk manufactures, fruit and nuts, gloves, embroidery, hats, steel and iron manu  factures, toys, etc.  The American advertisers are readjusting themselves with wonderful,  rapidity and are redoubling their efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied them. Those who hesitate  will lose a tremendous opportunity  and be handicapped for months, perhaps years, to come.  What about us Canadians?  GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cotton-Lisle  Tlioy have stood tho tost. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Never becomes loose or bagcy. The shape is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for fineness, style,  superiority of workmanship. "Absolutely  jjtninlcss. Will wciir 6 months without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to every one sending us $1.00 in currency  or posttil note, to cover advertising and  shipping cxpetisns, we will send post-paid.  . with.written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, either  3 PAIRS OF OUR 75C. VALUE  -   American Silk Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-Lisle Hosiery,  OR   6 PAIR8 OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, size,and whether Ladies.'  or Gent's Hosiery ia desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer in your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  t������. O. BOX  244  DAYTON, OHIO. U. S. A.  The Sun gathers   and   prints   the  news first.     It is not a pirate.  The Sun  is  the  best newspaper  value in the Boundary country.  For Rent���������Piano, S3 per month  also front furnished room; all con  veniences; two minutes from school  ten from post office. Phone 148. W  E. Chandler, real estate office.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Fu rniture     ade   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  KAVANAGH & McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENOB  a  The War in  Europe  has been responsible for a rapid  rise in the cost of a large number  of articles in Canada and ihe purchasing power of a dol.ar has been  considerably curtailed.  In Grand Forks the SUN PRINT  SHOP is still producing that high  class Commercial and Society  Printing which brings a repeat  order from our patrons, at the  same fair prices.  High class printing costs no more  than the other kind, in fact it's  cheaper. Let us submit samples  and quote you prices on your  stationery requirements. Phone  R 74 for prompt service.  e Sun Print Shop pzrm2.vr*rr<c<x*m
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-       TfiRCa.
ON    THE    LABEL.    \V    THEY
a^i^'F'. WHITEST. 0��"S^i5fe��B^y
War and Weather
It is to be nor/Hi that "the sea flight
off Heligoland was fought in a fog miller cover of which 'the British cruiser fleet boidy sailed in upon the enemy '���sheltering' behind a screen of sea-
mines, and "under the guns of the
forts. ..
The-weather has'often served .Britain v/ell in times of Avar. Tlie weather finished tho destruction of the Armada, and served 'us Well when tho
other times .when  a foe,
raid -British shores, found
rendere'd'' difficult by bad
have been
anxious to
his work
A heavy .'thunderstorm' at Crecy
slackened the .-ow.-str'iiigs of the
Crcnoese archers. rof the French,
whereas the English" kept tbeir bows
cased, and suffered-nothing; andrto
come to moderi. times, the gallant
Devens made their famous charge at
"Waggon Hill, Ladysmith, with a
thunderstorm at their back.  :
It was a heavy mist that allowed
Marlborough/ to get his army across
the Scheldt, .^though the enemy had
gathered to dispute the passage. Anson was once well,served by a fog,
which enabled him to "slip through
a French fleet unobserved.
Snow and frost have always hindered rather than helped, though the
terrible winter in the Crimean War
showed that we could rise superior
even to such handicaps; and Colonel
Kelly's: 'march, across , the snow-cov-
eredmountains to the relief of Chitral
showed the same. )
Corps Maintained by Private Firm
Throughout the .empire many patriotic employers have offered to assist in .equipping their employes and
enrolling them in the British army
for service at home or abroad.
The firm of Shool'bred,; London,
holds,a unique record in military an-.
nals.;     ";:   . ...        ���
For.fifty-four years the firm maintained at their own expense a full
company oi* the Queen's Westminster
h invaded   Ireland,    and   there f Rifles,  drawn  from their    own staff
and officered by members of the firm.
Thirty-four men of the company took
part in the South African Avar; while
they were away they were paid full
wages, and the ^situation's were kept
open for them until their return.
1 What occurred fourteen years ago
is being repeated now and on a ���more
extended scale. Under the Territorial system the old Qucen'e Westminsters have been converted into
the ,'lCth Battalion County of London. The corps is under the command of Lieut.-Colonel Rupert Shool-
b.red, and seventy-four men are' out
and mobilized.    '
���Full wages will be paid to the married men and half Avages to the unmarried, and the posts of all will* be
kept open for them Until ���their return. Moreover, ten horse drivers of
the firm have volunteered for transport service with the regiment, the
horses being supplied by Messrs.
Shoolbred. '��� -
(V;i:iard's Liniment Cures Burns, etc.
Good   Reason
very   youthful
class    in
'   It   was   a
' "Why," asked the teacher, "is it
best to eat soup first when one is very
. The pupils stared at her blankly.
Then Jamie enlightened them from
the depth of hie own experience.,,,
."You can get it down faster," he
No Time to  Lose
Author���Don't you think I'd better
wait until the war is over before I get
out this book about it?
Publisher���Wait! I should say not?
Why, if we wait until then all the official facts may be known.���Life.
��� A Touching Epitaph
���* An English lady home from India
on furlough told .a good"~story recently. The native converts, she explained; are very proud of their
knowledge of colioquail anl idiomatic English, and of course there are
many pitfalls - for-the unwary.The
wife of'one of the missionaries died
recently, and at the funeral service
anative pastor spoke feelingly cr the
loss they had sustained. "The hand
that rocked the-cradle," he said, "has
kicked the bucket."
"Yes, they are very nice gooseberries,  but aren't they dirty?"
"Dirty! Think I can wash 'em and
part their 'air dahn the centre for tuppence a paund in these 'er war
times?"���London Opinion.   ;��� :.
ing, Burning, Irritated Scalp.
Kept Awake at Night, Used
Cuticura Soap and Cuticura Ointment.   Now Head Is Well,
5S Do Salaberry St., Quebec," Quo.�����
"About six yoare ago dandruff began to
form on my scalp. At first I didn't nolico
it, but my hair began falling out gradually
nnd it kept Ectting worse The itching and
burning were so bad that I scratched and
Irritated my scalp. I was kept awako at
night by tho irritation.
"I used  and   Oil, also a
for,- other oils and they did no good. I then
tried ;<- samplo of Cuticura .Soap and Ointment, washed my head with tho Soap and
warm water, and applied tho Ointment.
After the drat limo my hair stopped failing.
I f*ot ono c.iko or Cuticura Soap and ono
box or Ointment. I continued using thorn
for a few months and my bead is now well.''
(Signed) Miss Myrtle Davis, Juno 3, 1014.
'. Samples Free hy Mail
' For pimples and blackheads tho following
la a most effective and economical treatment: Gently smear tho affected parts with
Cuticura Ointment, on tho end or tho linger,
but do not rub. Wash off tho Cuticura
Ointment in five minutes with Cuticura.,
Soap and hot water and continue bathing
for somo minutes. This treatment is bo-ion rising and retiring. At other timos use
Cuticura Soap freely for tho toilot and batu.
to assist in preventing inflammation, irritation and clogging of tho pores, tho common causo of llieso distressing facial eruptions. Sold - by druggists and dealers
overywhoro. Liberal sample of each mailed
tree, with 32-I>. Skin Book on the treatment
of tho skin and scalp. Address post-card
."Cuticura, Dopt. D, Boston, U. S. A.".      ,
The Friend of All Sufferers.���Like
to "the shadow o": a rock in a weary
land" is Dr. Thomas' Eclectric OR to
all those who suffer pain. It holds out
hope to everyone """"and realizes it by
stilling suffering everywhere. It is a
liniment that has the blessings of half
a continent. It ;s on sale everywhere
and can be found wherever enquired
for.  ..
W. N. U. 1022
Bombs From Air Crafts
The dropping of bombs from aircraft was first developed in the United States. Glenn H. Curtiss was the
first aviator to demonstrate how a
battleship might be bombarded from
tho air. Before--1910 Curtiss startled
the American navy department and
those of Europe by dropping oranges
on a warships' deck. Carrying a load
of explosives in an aeroplane was in
itself dangerous, involving the possibility of an explosion in a rough
start of landing; dropping weights
above ten pounds during flight was
supposed to affect the ecjiiilibri:.' ;. of
an aeroplane, and dropping of bombs
with any accuracy seemed impossible.
But these limitations were removed ia
the characteristically speedy way in
Avliich all limitations are removed in
In March, 1912, at St. Louis, Tony
Jannus dropped Albert Berry, weighing 175 pounds, from an aeroplane,
demonstrating that a load larga
enough to blow up a battleship could
be dropped during ilight without endangering the life of the pilot. Latyr
in the year tlie Michel in bomb-dropping contests induced experiments at
bomb-dropping, which resulted in
Lieutenant Hiley E. Scott placing
twelve out of fifteen bombs in the
targ : and winning the $10,000 prize.
These demonstrations were convincing, but little attention was given to
them by military authorities outset*
of Russia and Germany, where bomb-
dropping contests were held. But individual inventors and military men
continued their experiments, and
there were evolved devices and
bombn which collectively, if not
singly, could be said to solve the problem. To elimin .te the ' dange ��� of
explosion due to shock, for instance,
bombs must be devised, such as the
Marten-Hale, which must fall a distance to make them effecti*. e. The
Marten-Hale bomb weighs twenty
pounds, carries an explosive charge
of four pounds of trinitrotolusul and
.140 steel balls.
This is the age of young men, but
with Kitchener, at sixty-four, summoned to the head of the BritisI*.
army, and General Pan, who retired
for. age at sixty-seven, and who is
minus one arm at that, recalled to
the colors of France, it looks as
though the wisdom of years was fairly well appreciated in this war.
Battlefield is Pilent to the Airmen
So far, as the recoiinoitering airman
is concerned", a, battlefield is quite
silent. The noise of the engine
drowns every other sound.
"It is very difficult to distinguish
anything," says a Belgian aviator who
new over the battlefields at Diests?
when fighting was at its height. '.'Men
look so smali from such a height. For
example, unless you are directly over
them you can scarcely see even artillery upon a road."
A ride bullet struck tho propeller
of his machine and' broke it slightly,
but did not stay his flight. The explosions of shells were very disturbing because they interfered with the
equilibrium of the machine.
There is official authority for the
following story:
A French aviator was obliged by
lack of petrol to land in the annexed
provinces. While lie was filling his
t'-.nk a strong German patrol appeared. Calmly ignoring it, the officer
continued to empty his petrol cans.
The Germans were taken aback,
and, unable to understand his actions',
halted at two hundred yard? distance
without firing, perhaps fearing a trap.
When the tank was full the aviator
started the engine and made off.
I-Ic was well oh' the 'ground before anyone suspected    his design.
Seeing they had been hoodwinked
the Germans commenced firing at the
aeroplane, but they were too late, and
tho pilot returned safe and sound to
���they   escape
heads,   facial
ness.      At
system    of
the .sallov/   skin,
blemishes   due   to
times,   all
and   most
the    pimples,
indigestion cr
women  need  help  to
and    the   safest,
economical   help
ricl   tho
surest,    mo.-"*';
they   lind   in
This famous family remedy has an excellent tonic effect upon
the entire-system.   It quickly relieves the ailments caused'
iby defective or irregular action of the organs of digestion,-
headache,  backache,  low spirits,   extreme nervousness.
Purifying, the   blood, ^eecham'a   Pills   improve   and
Tho dixoctiono witu every box nro Tery valuable���especially to woraer
Prepared only by Tliomn's Dcecliam, St. Helens, Lancashire, Enillnml.
Sold everywhere in Canada and U. B. America.    In boxes, 25 ccatc.
Miller's Worm Powders do not need'
the  after-help  of castor  oil  or    any
purgative to complete their thorough-":
ness,   because  they are  thorough  in I
themselves.    One dose of them, and
they will  be founJ. palatable by    all
children, will end the worm trouble by
making the stomach and bowels untenable to the parasites.    And not only
this, but the powders will be certain
to exert most beneficial influences in
the digestive organs. .
One  Hundred Years Ago
Sometimes when we hoar people
speak of the "good old days," we forget haw uncomfortable living must
have been in' some ways for our
great-grandparents. Here are a few
of the "discomforts," which we don't
have to put up with today.
Merchants wrote their letters with
quill pens. Sand was used to dry
'the i k, as there was no blotting papier. There were no street letter
boxes, no postmen, and no penny
postage. Travelling was by stagecoach.
A day laborer received two shill-.
ings a day. Stoves were unknown.
All cooking was done with an open
In the cities many of-the streets
were unnamed, and the houses were
not numbered.
Guard   the
rising   generation   by
in  the  home'
Positively harmless to children, even if accidentally
swallowed, because the composition with which the
heads are tipped,  contain no poisonous ingredients
By Using Three 3oxes of Dr. Chase's
Mr. Abram Buhr, Herbert, Sask.:
writes: "I want to say that I was
troubled with eczema and piles and
suffered greatly from \, the itching,
burning sensations caused by these
annoying ailments. '.I sent for a free
sample of Dr. Chase's Ointment, and
this did me so much , good that I
bought three boxes, more, and after
using same was cured of both eczema
and piles."
This is the kind of letters we receive daily from people who have
been cured of these distressing skin
diseases by the use of Dr. Chase's
Ointment. No flatter how skeptical
you might be, you could not read those
letters for many days without concluding tliLt Dr. Chase's Ointment is undoubtedly the most prompt relief and
certain cure for these ailments.
If you have doubts send for a free
sample box and be convinced. It was
���by use of a free sample that Mr. Buhr
was convinced of the merits of this
treatment. For sale at all dealers, or
Edmanson, Bates & Co., Limited, Toronto. *
What about your wife and children ? Will they
-dress well after you are gone ? Will your children
be educated ?   Have a talk to-day with an agent of
Edmonton,    Saskatoon,
Agents Wanted.
OFFICES r-Winnipeg,
Napoleon  Bonaparte as a Recruit .
The history of .tlie last century and
a quarter might have read very differently, had not the Russian army
refused a valuable recruit in 1789
when Napoleon Bonaparte, disgusted
with his prospects at home, sought to
i iter the service of Catherine the
Some time ago Count Cheremetief
discovered a letter addressed by Napoleon to the Russian war office, applying for adinisison to the artillery. As,
however, he made it a condition that
lie chould retain his rank of lieutenant, the application was rejected. Ho
then offered his services to the head
of the Russian navy, and there again
met with a refusal on the same
One    Has   to   do   Now   is   Press
Button.and Look at Ceiling
Awakening m. the night and wender-
ing what time it may be, who has not
longed to see the clock without getting up and striking a light? Sick
people are especially curious about
the. time. To make this longing easy
to satisfy a firm in Paris has just put.
on the market a clock that by pressing
a button is made to project a picture
of its face in a ray of light upon tho
This clock, which looks like a young
cannon, stands upon a box containing
three dry batteries. Its mechanism is
in a metal tube, at one end of which
is an ordinary dial. In the daytime
this end is uppermost or foremost. But
when -night comes you turn the cannon over on its trunnions so that the
reverse end is uppermost or foremost.
In the reverse end is a second dial,
of transparent glass,with the figures
reversed and running-round its face
inversely, as do die hands. In front
of this a plain cover lens and behind it a small electric lamp attached
by wires to the batteries and by ether
wires to a push-button. ,
This push-button can be placed under the pillow or upon a table beside
the bed. "When one wants to see the"
time in the night one presses the 1;tit-
ton; this lights the lamp, which projects upon the ceiling or upon the wall
a greatly magnified picture of its face,
so that one can lie comfortably in bed
and read the time at a glance. Another push of the button extinguishes
the lamp.
Birthplace of Froissart and Watteau
Joth Valenciennes and Malines,
two of the latest towns to come into
prominence in the western theatre of
war, have now little association with
the production of lace beyond giving
their names to the famous varieties.
At Valenciennes, indeed, the manufacture has been discontinued, but
tlie place, has an alternate;: fame as
the birthplace .of Froissart, the historian (nearly six centuries ago) and
of Watteau, the artist, (230 years,
The most obstinate corns and
fail to resist Hollaway's Corn
Try it.
IViinarcrs Liniment Relieves Neural
In  Highland
Mrs. X. relates that while
don she enquired in a shop
had any fresh eggs.
"Yes, mum, plenty," said the clerk;
"them with a hen on 'em are fresh."
"I don't see any with a hen on
them," said Mrs. X., looking around
for a nest.
"The letter 'hen' mum, not the
bird. 'Hen' stands for 'noo-laid/
A Story From Japan
A traveller in Japan tells a little
story showing how very careful and
particular at least one Japanese boy
merchant was in the matter of honesty. This traveller says: "As the
train stopped for a few minutes at
tho station cf a small village famous for a certain kind of Japanese
cake, I thrust my head out of the
window, and bought a package from
a boy. He gave me a fifteen sen
package; but neglected to give back
the five sen due me. I laughed
about it, remarking to the friend
with whom I was travelling that I
might as well have bought a twenty-
sen package.
As we pulled into the next station,
seme fifteen minutes later, we hea/d
a boy shouting at the top of his
lungs as he ran up and down the
platform, "Where is the lady to
whom the Isobe cake-seller owes five
sen?" Astonished, I informed him
that I was the person; but how on
earth did he know about the matter?
To which he replied that the cuas-
boy had telephoned down the line to
bo sure to give back to its owner that
five sen."*
"Some day," cried the outraged
poet, "you editors will fight for mv
��� "All right," sighed the nditor, resignedly, "but fi I lose I'll be just as
Minard's  Liniment  Cures   Dandruf
"Fine -night," said Smithers, glancing at the heavens.
"No," replied the Boston girl,
mean- infinite."���Harper's Bazaar.
Listen to the sail flopping in' the
Yes; perfect sheet-music, isn't it?
A Great Expander
"Pa, what is a duni dum bullet?"
"A dum dum bullet is a sort of military dried apple, my son."���Exchange.
"Jones has offered to sell his automobile at a low figure."
"Which is broke���Jones or the machine?"���Boston Transcript.
To theMeritof Lydia E.Pinko
ham's Vegetable Com-    r
pound during Change
~~ of Life.
"Westbrook, Me. ��� "I was passing
through the Change of Life and had
pains in my back
and side and was so
jveak.I could hardly
do my housework.
I have taken Lydia
E. Pinkham's Vego��
table Compound and
it has done me a lot
of good. I will recommend your medicine to my frienda
and give you permission "to publish my
testimonial." ��� Mrs. Lawkence Martin, 12 King St., Westbrook, Maine.
Manston, Wis.��� "At the Change of
Life I suffered with pains in my back
and loins until I could not stand. I also
had night-sweats so that the sheets
would be wet. I tried other medicine
but got no relief. After taking one bottle of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable
Compound I began to improve and I
continued its use for six months. Tha
pains left me, tho night-sweats and ho6
flashes grew less, and in one year I waa
a different woman. I know I have to ���
thank you for my continued good health
ever since." ��� Mrs. M. J. BnoWNELL,
Manston, Wis,
The success of Lydia E. Pinkham'a
"Vegetable Compound, made from roots
and herbs, is unparalleled in such cases.
If yon wcut special advice write to
Lydia E. Piuliham Medicine Co. (confidential) "Lynu, Mass. Your letter *nil8
be opened, read and ansTrered l>y 8
Y/omanj aud hold in strict co��iMeace* THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,   B. C.  S'  f TOGOLAND IS  11 FOR GERi  BAND   OF    FREEBOOTERS   AIDED  TEUTONS  IN  CONQUEST  Germans First Occupied the Country  -. Some* Thirty. Years Ago, Enlisting  ,   the Services of a Savage Tribe to  Conquer the Natives.  . The first of the German colonies to  -fall into the hands of Great Britain,  .   Togoland,  on  the North  West coast  of Africa,  has  an  interest  for   vthe  ladies"; as being the native home of  the birds from -uhence come the highly  prized  marabou feathers.  Lome, the capital, is quite modern.  It is a clean little town with well-  Iaid-out streets, shaded by palm and  other" trees. The principal building  Is the palaCe of the Duke of Mecklenburg, the ' governor of Togo. To  overcome the difficulties caused by  tlie heavy surf which breaks almost  incessantly on the low sandy beach,  it pier, a third of a mile long, has been  erected, and connected with a massive wharf or quay at tho seaward  '   end. /  Unfortunately tlie natives are forgetting ��������� how to handle the surf-  boats, and some years ago, when the  bridge connecting the wharf with the  shore was destroyed by a tidal wave  supposed to have been due to a submarine volcanic upheaval, Lome wa.*i  almost entirely isolated.from the out-  ��������� side world.  What is  believed to be one of the  most    powerful wireless stations    in  the world was completed in prepara-  \ tion for .the present war a few months  / ago,    at' Atakpame, about 110- miles  '  from Lome,   ft is the chief receiving  " and  distributing centre for the German colonies in - Africa,    and   sinc.5  messages can be either   sent to,   or  received from,   Naueu,   just   outside.  Borlin,  a (distance-of 3,-150  miles,  it  was  a most important  link in  Germany's  world   wide  intelligence  service.  Atakpame is the terminus of the  ���������railway, but the Germans have built  a good road as far as Sokode about  100 :Jiles to the north, ami a larg-3  moto. car has been provided to supplement the iron road for further, progress into the fine hunting country  nearer the interior.' of the continent.  There, however, the inhabitants are  hostile and treacherous, and have the  disturbing  habit  of taking pot-shots  ��������� at 'the    passing traveller with their  poisoned arrows.  In this little-visited part of Togo-  are immense quantities of game  Antelope, leopards, and elephants  abound, and many kinds of birds, including the marabou stork, whence  come the greatly-sized marabou feathers. The rivers swarm with crocodile, and there are numbers of hippopotami.  As regards Togo history, this only  extends back about thirty years, al  which time the Germans first occupied the country. They found it in  possession of many different tribes,  all hostile to one another, the dominant tribe of the south-central region,  dwelling-round about where Sokoda  now is, being the Tscha'udjo. ,  These people were originally a conquering tribe, like the Masai and the  Zulus, and they swept "down from the  north somewhere about a .hundred  years ago, devastating the country as  they advanced. They came, riding on  horses, and as these animals ' had  never before been seen in Togoland,  the terror they inspired almost sufficed by itself to ensure the defeat of  the aboriginal owners of the soil.  When the Germans came up from  the south, a motley but brave and determined rabble, led by a certain freelance adventurer named Kersting,  they endured their first real check at  the hands of these wild horsemen.  Impressed by their fighting qualities, Kersting, following, in a small  way the /example set by.Cortez, in  Mexico, and by Clive in India, allied  himself with the uro:���������or king���������-of the  Tschaudjo, and, aided by him, he  eventually subdued the whole country and placed it under the German  flag. The present uro, an old but  dignified and amiable savage named  Djoba, is the son of the man who,  fought under Kerstiug's banner. He  resides at Bafilo, near Sokode, in a  "palace" provided for him by the German government, who also grant him  a small yearly subsidy.  Although the lulk of the Togo natives are, as has been said, in a condition but little removed from barbarism, some of the tribes, nevertheless, show considerable skill in handicrafts. Thus, at Bassari and Benjali,  in the Konkombwa country, iron i-s  mined, smelted and forged into various atricles, under exceedingly primitive, though fairly effective, conditions.  /Other tribes cultivate cotton, which  they weave into strong and serviceable cloth on curiously primitive  wooden looms. Beautiful leather macs  are also made, and large, strongly-  woven baskets of palm-fibre, which  sell for about half a cent apiece.  In the far north, the only currency  is salt or cowries. Amongst the Koiv  bombwa copper and brass rods will  purchase almost anything.  THE  DUTY OF THE  BUYER  Preference  Should  Always be  Given  to   Home   Products  (From the Toronto' Glo*be)  If the ^patriotic manufacturer doss  his duty to Canada by keeping his employees together, and doing without  profits till the dip ��������� of depression' is  over, ho has a right to expect that the  buyer will stand loyally beside him  and . buy Canadian goods wherever  possible, and British goods in preference to those of foreign nations. The  instinct of self-preservation should  teach-the Canadian people that this is  no time to import things that can be  made,as cheaply and of as good quality as home. The point is so clearly  made in a letter addressed to the  Globe by a manufacturing concern in  Ontario that space is gladly given for  it: ������������������'       ,    a,-1 \  "We-note froitf'your excellent journal that you have been;endeavoring  during the past few weeks to impress  upon Canadian : manufacturers the  duty of keeping their plants running  to the, fullest possible extent. You  have pointed/,out that by so doing the  manufacturers will -be contributing  largely to the country in this present  crisis. With this we are quite in accord. "We would, however, draw your  attention to the. fact that there is a  limit to the-possibility of any manufacturer keeping bis plant running.  "We are a small concern, manufacturing small tools. Throughout the  whole of last winter and up to the end  of July we ran -our factory full tim-v  notwithstanding the fact that our production was "considerably an advance  of _p'ur sales. Last month our sales  took a tremendous drop, and we have  had to slightly reduce..; our working  hours.,.. Our object: in writing to you  is to point out'that even in these  .times of depression there, is more  than sufficient business in our line to  keep us working full - time. "We are  the only concern actually manufactur-  'ing our line of tools in Canada. In  point of quality we" are second to none.  Our prices :are competitive. There  seems to us to be no good and sufficient 'reason for any of this business  to be sent outside of Canada, yet it is  a fact that this is being done. We  suggest to youthat you couple your  advocacy of keeping the factory running with that of the duty of Canadians to'buy ohly'Canadian-made goods,  always providing they are competitive in quality and price with foreign  goods."  v ,  ���������This is a mo&t reasonable request,  and it is to be hoped the readers of  the Globe will givj it favorable consideration. The buyer naturally wants  the best value he can get for. : his  money, .but if Canadian goods are as  cheap and of a', high quality as foreign goods he is a very thoughtless  Canadian .���������.who under existing conditions does not give, the preference  to home product j. In this connection  the.Globe may be. pardoned .-.personal  word. -Many-Canadian manufacturers  making standard lines of goods do not  know the meaning of the word publicity. They expect their goods to" sell  themselves. They never give the public a chance to learn the brand or the  quality of the articles they make.. The  greater part of the foreigr. articles  sold in Canada are sold because by  constant advertising the buyer is  taught to ask for a certain brand or  trade mark. In yesterday's Globe  scarcely a dozen manufacturers of the.  thousands in Canada thought it worth1'  telling the people about their gcods.  Two-thirds of the space occupied by  manufacturers' announcements was  purchased by Canadian branches of  American concerns that knc\. the  worth of publicity. The buyer's duty  is to give the preference to Canadian  goods. But the manufacturer's cucy  does not end when he makes the  goods. He cannot'hope to sell them in  competition with well-advertised foreign products unless he lets prospective buyers know that Canadian goods  competitive in price and quality are  en tin market.  HELIGOLAND ISLAM)  IS ILL FORTIFIED  THE.   NORTH    SEA  STOREHOUSE  OF   THE  GERMAN   FLEET  Millions Have Been Spent in Fortifications and the Construction of Powder Magazines���������Provisions For  Siege Lasting Three Years.  Enormous sums of money have  been spent upon fortifications at  Heligoland.  The island which has an .area ot  only three-quarters of a square mile,  is looked upon as one . of the most  treasured possessions of Germany.  Since 'the Germans obtained possession of the island, enormous sums  have been spent upon fortifications,  and so on, including pO.OOO.OOO spent  on protecting the coast from erosion.  Probably it will never be known  how many millions Germany has  spent in strengthening the place. But  it is known that a million and a half  was spent in improving, the harbor  as an anchorage for torpedo craft.  PUTS   BAN   ON   AIRSHIPS  Cannot Fly Within Ten Miles of Fo;ti-  ..   fled  Points  An order-in-council has been passed  prohibiting airships from Hying within ten miles of any of the chief 'J-tn-  adian cities or fortified points, unless  by special government permit and  prohi dting any air craft carrying  passengers to cross the international  boundary,except under special conditions.  The action is tnken by the government as a precautionary measure and  because airships have- recently been  seen approaching various places near  the border of Canada. Guards have  been stationed at all prominent points  with orders to fire upon any airship  which comes wthin the prescribed ten  mile area.  The places named in the order-iiv  council as being those over which no  airship may fly are Halifax, Sydney,  St. John, Quebec, St. John, Valcartier,  Montreal, Ottawa, Kingston, Toronto, London^ "Winnipeg, Regivia, Calgary, Edmonton, Victoria, Vancouver  and Gharlottetown.  It also provided that no airship may  pass within ten miles 'or any wireless  telegraph station.  Airships crossing   the international  .   Millions   have   been  spent; in ���������for- - .-     .  tifications  and    the  construction  of 'boundary line and .carrying passeng  powder    magazines,     while   refuges   "" *' '' *" '������������������������������������"," "f nntr>*������  have been built/for the inhabitants as  a protection against the island being  shelled by an enemy. .. '���������*  Two hundred ieet from the water  there stands a series of big gun batteries and armed turrets, an attempt  having been'made to turn the island  into a German Gibraltar.  ���������For purposes of protection, a cliff  of granite was built, so that now the  island to a:large extent possesses  cliffs which are purely artificial. In  addition, hundreds of tons of cement  were used to strengthen the face of  the natural rock.  Most" of the people depend for their  livelihood upon the lobster and other  fisheries; together with their harvest  from the summer visitors. They/live  to longyears, and have a stheir native tongue the North Frisian dialect.  In 1807-Great Britain obtained the  island from the Danes. When she  took'possession of the island it was  the "jumping ground" of a horde of  smugglers, there being practically no  room left on the island which was  free from kegs'and human beings. In  1890 we gave the island to the Germans as their consideration for our  taking over. Zanzibar and Pemba.  ' At the time of the bargain ,,-there  was great dissatisfaction shown in  each country. It was recognized by  many far-seeing men that so lorc; as  we possessed Heligoland the island  was in the position of a menace to  Germany.  Those Germans who objected to the  bargain were sore that Germany did  not obtain a much larger territory;  even Bismarck said they had exchanged a pair of trousers for a mere  button. It was then that the plateau  was fortified.  Quite recently some of the most  massive guns produced by Krupps'  were placed there, wmie provisions  were laid in sunicienc to withstand a  siege of thrift years. Moupv. in t>.r:r..  was spent like water tnat the island  should become the. North Sea storehouse of the German fleet.  ers are. allowed to land only at points  within three miles of Annapolis, N.S.,  Woodstock, N.S., Lake Megantlc and  Hemmingford in Quebec; Athens.  Welland and Essex in Ontario; Morris, Manitoba; Estevan, Sask.;. Leth*  bridge, Alberta;  and Chilliwack,. B.C.  A Canadian officer mustbe carried  on any airship that lands in Canada  and ho firearms, explosives or photographic equipment will be allowed on  board. Any military air craft in Canada must be. the property of the Canadian government or Great Britain or  her allies. One reason for the strict  governmental regulation of . ���������airship-s"  is with a view to preventing any secret fitting out of airships by Germans  or Austrians in the United States with  a view to bombarding operations, or.  scouting at fortified or military points  in Canada.  It is a remote, but possible danger;;  PROFIFS  OF TH  HB LOSSES  BEAT WARS  THE     ENORMOUS     EXPENSE  MODERN WARFARE  OF  When Kitchener Asks He Gets Action  A story is going round about Lord  Kitchener's way of dealing with  officialism. He made an application  to the post office authorities for thirty telegraphists to go on active service with the army. A high official  informed Lord Kitchener that the  men could not be spared, as the staff  had already .been seriously depleted  by the war. The new war secretary  sent back a message to say that if  the men were a-i-sent inside half an  hour lie-would coma for them hiin-  self. Needless to say tlie men were  soon forthcoming.  British Fighting F.amilies  Lots of cases are on record of en-  fire families being in one or other of  the British fighting forces. A widowed lady named Coppard, of Penge,  has seven sons serving in the West  Kent Territorials and she is very  proud of the fact. Another instance is  of an Erith family named lliggs. The  father fought at Tel-el-Kebir, six sons  aro in the Royal navy, and the mother  is anxious to serve as a nurse.  Shackleton   Departs   For   Polar   Trip  Sir Ernest Shackleton and the members of his trans-Atlantic Antarctic expedition have left. London in two sections for the South Polar regions. One  half of the party, headed by Sir Ernest Shackleton, departed for Sou:h  America, the other half of the expedition left for Ross Sea, on the New-  Zealand side of the Antarctic, by way  of Tasmania. "  Sir Ernest hopes to meet the.Ross  Sea contingent in April ot next year,  or failing in that by March of 1!)16.  The Shackleton section will have 70  dogs and also motor sledges. The  other p-.rty will have 20 dogs.  One great difficulty that confrontad  the expedition was the lack of scientific instruments. These had been ordered from Germany but had not been  delivered because of the war and it  was necessary to replace them in England.  The Ross sea party w'll board tbo  exploration ship Aurora at Hobi-rls  town, Tasmania. Sir Ernest Shackleton hopes to leave Buenos Ayres,  October 18, by the ship Endur; nee,  which is now en route toScuth Amer  ica.  is. now  being attracted to the vast-areas  fertile wheat  lands   of Western  a  agricultural lands are at present tilled  and their cultivation is now a wor  necessity.  There will be a world-wide shortage of food  and the demand for wheat and all farm products will be enormous. High prices for  grain are sure to prevail. The coming-  year will witness the  throughout the West.  greatest  activity  ���������.A remarkable proposal comes from  some Belgian leaders. "We realize,"  they say, "that our nation is one na-  lionaklanguage. It is impossible to  make either Flemish or Waaloon universal because of the rivalry of races.  We do not wish to encourage further  use of French wishing to ma.ntai:. our  distinct individuality, and cultivate  British rather than-French characteristics, therefore we propose taht Belgium should adopt English as a national language, making herself the  England of the continent and sister  natior. of England of the Isle."  The American Attitude  As for the attitude of the American  press, it never more accurately reflected the sober judgment of the American  public than in condemning Germany's  course in the present conflict. The  indictment against Germany is founded upon tlie statements of her own  defenders, whose. admissions are far  more damning in their evidence than  any clu.rge of the Allies. A nation  whose imperial chancellor ridicules as  a "scrap of paper," the plighted faith  not only of his own but of other  governments, ca;i find nothing hue condemnation on this side of the Atlantic  so long as America remains true to  her ideals as a nation.���������Boston Transcript.  The Hour of Opportunity has Arrived  Huge   Sums  That  Are   Necessary  to  Finance" the   Prosecution  of  War���������  Vanquished   Called   Upon   to   Meet  the Bill of Expense.-  "Modern   warfare  is  a   costly   busi- '  ness!  Some years ago a leading German  Socialist estimated that a Franco-  German war, under modern ' conditions would cost '''50,000,00" a month,  while if Great Britain, Austria, Rus-  i,ia and Italy were engaged, the figures would soar to $2,250,000,000 a  month!  There is every indication that these  figures are being attained, if not surpassed in the big war in Europe.  When one considers the upkeep of  the vast armies in the fighting line  and, engaged keeping open communication to the base, the material needed to feed.the rilie and big gun, and  the continuous need of equipment,  the figures quoted do not appear  large in proportion to the force engaged in the conflict.  But there is money to be made in  war, as in every business. Germany,  for instance, profited much from the  Franco-German war of 1S70. Her  war bill amounted to ������450,000,000,  but when peace proposals were  made, Germany presented France'  vith.a bill of $1,000,000,000. It got  every cent of.'it.1;:;  It was the great Bismarck who' arranged the terms of the treaty, and  though lie' chuckled mightily at the  idea of getting this huge sum from  the French for stopping the"Avar, it  is said-that he was sorry when he  saw how readily the French scraped  the amount together, that he had not  asked for double the amount! Germany had previously squeeezd an indemnity of over $-10,000,oOO out of  her present ally, Austria, after.hostilities lasting only one month.  Other countries, too, have found  war a very profitable business, notably Japan, who, after the war of  1894-1895 with China, arising . out  of the state of Korea, made the Chinese pay her an indemnity cf $185,000,-  000. As the war cost Japan, only $30.-  000,000, she made a profit of $155,000,-  000, in addition to which she gained  certain towns and'territories.  But Japan gained little profit from  the wi r with Russian in 1904-05, in.  spite of an indemnity of $500,000,000,  which was 'demanded, for the cost of  that campaign to Japan alone was  C3timated at $600,000,000.  :  A country which has never found  war profitable is Russia. Her encounter with; Turkey in: the 70's cost  her an enormous;.amount of money.  She would only have been a little out  of pocket if she had received the  $250,000,000 indemnity which she asked for in her bill. Ultimately the  indemnity was cut down to $160,000,- .  000 with which to pay her out-of-  pocket expenses, of which sum Turkey up to the present time has paid  just over half, and there seems little likelihood that she will ever raise  the full amount.  The cost of the Russian-Japanese  war was staggering. The campaign  lasted about 19 months, and altogether it is estimated that the combined expenses of Russia and Japan  amounted to no less than $2,225,000,-  000. The loss to Japan's navy and  mercantile marine alone amounted  to $250,000,000.  This was the fourth campaign  ; upon which Russia had entered with-  I in three-quarters of a century. The  first and second were with Turkey,  the former Involving an expenditure  of $100,000,000 and the loss of 120,000  men. This was in 1828, and twenty-  six years later came the Crimea, in  which France and England took a  hand. The total cost of this terrible  war was $1,565,000,000. England's  bill alone amounted to $390,000,000.  The Napoleonic wars, which ended  with Waterloo,    were   comparatively  cheap for France,    as  the total bill  amounted only o $1,250,000,000.  -   The present war will be as costly  a  on;  for  both  conqueror and  vanquished.   Already Germany is endeavor; t. to partly recoup herself by levying fenormous exactions on the cftloa  and   (.owns   occupied   in   the  line  of  march across Belgium.    Whether the  sums will be paid before the invaders  are driven back across the frontier ���������-���������  another story, as it is possible that  tlie Belgians will not submit  calmly  lo tha exorbitant demands made upon  them by an enemy who has turned a  beautiful    country into one of death  and devastation.  ;     But Germany    is    certainly  laying  j herself   open   to   dreadful   reprisals,  i for when this war is over the liuk-in-  i nity to be claimed  from her will bo  ' simply     enormous.      Great    Britain  ! never has deliberately set about male*  i ing money out of her wars in mod-  ! crn days,  hut    she will  be perfectly  ' justified in calling tip-n her enemies  to meet the expenses they have wantonly run her into.  'Deutcchland, Deutschland, uber alfes'  The German soldier's song In this  war i.-i not the "Watch on tlie Rhine,"  popular in the Franco-Prussian war  of 1870, but "Deutschland, Deutschland, uber alles" sung to the air of  Haydn's Hymn to the Emperor, the  Austrian National anthem. The words  were written in 1841 by the poet Hof-  mann von Fallersleben, in tha island  of Heligoland, then British territory,  during his exile from Germany on  account of his sympathy with tho  German reform party.  Germany's Increase in Population  The imperial statistical office has  recently issued a year book whirh estimates' the population of Germany on  July 1 of Hi is year at 67,8.12.000, n  gain of 831,000 during the twelve  months. Since the war with France  in 1870-71 Germany has gained I'iJ.OOO.-  000 In population.  "II. is well to leave something for  those who come after us," as llie man  said who threw a Immd in the way  of a poJI'unan who was chasing hi-a.  Germany's Commerce Annihilated  Germany's foreign trade is virtually  annihilated. German ships to the  value of $2;'),000,000 have been destroyed by British cruisers, and others  to an estimated value of $50,000,000  are interned in neutral ports. There la  no estimate to be put on the number  or value of the German ships laid up  in Hamburg, Bremen and other German harbors. Nowhere on the high  seas is a German afloat except as %  fugitive.  This is the immediate result of England's supremacy upon the seas. It  is tho result that would attend a conflict between England and any pow������r,  ���������New York Journal. THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. G.  Ktffi.1''  "Wi! ':  m  '���������$$������������������  'W������:  ���������-fe  ���������I  I Ma..  -'**>';'."  s of ihe cm  R.   Campbell   has   sold   out   his  stock of gent's   furnishing goods  to  Thomas Bros.,   of Princeton,'B. C.,,  and the store has been,closed. Chas.  Thomas, of that firm, arrived in the  city on Friday last'to make the purchase, and packing started the same  evening."   The stock was shipped to  Princeton     on     Wednesday.    Mr.  Campbell will for the present devote  himself to raising prize Wyandottes,  having  purchased   from  Sergt.   H.  Broad   his   very     desirable   white  stock.  It is reported that a connection between the smelter branches of the  C.P.Pt. and the Great Northern, so  that both roads can use the new  CP.R. steel bridge at the flam, .is  contemplated, and that Mr. Tierney  came in to --inspect -the proposed  work.  ihis* city as one of the pioneer pastors of Knox ��������� church, preached a  special'sermon to the .Grand Forks  colony in Vancouver last Sunday.  W. P. Tierney, the well known  railway contractor, arrive 1 in the  city from   Vancouver  on   Monday.  A deputation of Phoenix citizens  went to Victoria this week to interview ' the government and to en  doavor to induce it to do something  for the large number of unemployed  workmen in that camp. The other  Boundary towns should have cooperated in this movement.  The Daughters of the'Em pi re gave  an enjoyable and very successful  dance in the opera house last Friday evening. The attendance was  very large,-and the funds of the organization were increased by nearly  S100.  llev J.   R.   Robertson,   pnstor   of  St.    David's  Presbyterian    ohurcn,  South   -Vancouver,   who.will be ro  membered by all th-'.   old timers   of  anartxx*nx~.-������  George and Harry Shepherd, who  have been working on the Bank of  Commerce ranch during the summer, left on Tuesday for Eldora,  Alta. After a short visit with  fiends at that place they intend to  return to their old home in England for the purpose of enlisting in  tin- war.  For Christmas and New Year's  $1.00 per doz. and Upwards  See Sample Books at The Sun Office  The annual show of.the Grand  Forks Poultry and Pet Stock, association will be held in the cannery  building on the 25th and 26th ins'.  The admission will free.  The Milk for-Your Baby.-Must be-"Clean;  Sweet and Pure  B: C. MILK is recommended and  used extensively as a food for infants. The reason is. this:-' It is  Ciean, Sweet" and. Pure���������always  ready for use. " JJJpr infants it  should be diluted with, from ��������� two  to eight parts of -boiled water,  arcording to age. It has tho  Natural" Flavor of Pure, Rich  Cream.  i^^^^^ssmmm^^^msm^smms^^s^^smsss^^i  TAKES OS1* BAHDKUFF,.  HAIfl STOPS FALLING  ���������ave your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right riow���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Take your repairs to Armson,:shoe  repairer'.    The Hub.     Look   for the  Big Boob.s  Most of us would,  rather   preach  than practice, anyway. "  .',<  M -S. Middleion.of Nelson, assistant provincial horticulturalist.  s'pent a couple of days in the city  this week.  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge streetj and will manufacture  lMew Harness harnessropail.i%T.  work guaranteed.  All  Your patronage is solicited.  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  98LBS " \  ROBIN HOO0  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     Porrioge Oats  "     Ferina  "     Graham  "'    WholeWheat  Wf* have a .limited number of  en hi netg of this season's designs of  Christmas greeting cards in stock  whic.h will be closed out at a bargain.   The Sun Job Office. ���������  - E. C. Honniger, Frank Miller,  Hnrrv McLaren and Mr. L'-rov left  Monday, morning for a week's hunting trip lo Franklin and Gloucester  camps.  August Schnittf*'* Hn������ bepn confined to his home for a counle of  weeks with a severe attack of rheumatism.  -The only use some men   se-im  have for heads is to butt in.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  ������������������iu* is raufe eviclonce of a neglected  ���������alp;   oi* dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is noihing so destructive to   ������������������0. hair as dandruff.  It robs the'hair  !' its lustre, its strength and its very END   STOMACH  TEOUBLE,  i'o;  eventually producing a feverish-  -iris and itching of the scalp, which  ���������* not remedied'causes the hair roots  ���������j  Hhriulv,  loosen  aud  die���������then  tho  to  GASES ORc DYSPEPSIA  ���������iair 'falls* out fast., A little Dander;-���������  ���������������������������night���������now���������any   time���������will   sr.r.*'  .a-'e your hair. ���������   ���������  Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowlton's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just- try a little Dan-  lerine.      Savn   your   hair!    Try   it!  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  J. H. Grunwell, the Danville merchant,.,visited the city in his aristocratic auto on Monday.  D. L. Eraser, CP.R bridge inspector, and R. Cam obeli, bridge-  man, were at the Pacific hotel last  Saturday.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas   and   eructate   sour,   undigested  Perhaps the'ebop   who   hesitates  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  wants to lose heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  '    k         1_  ; in mouth% and stomach-headache, you  i'������/ 7k/Tr\~Kn?\T n������/ i\/T"r������"\n?V t\0/   caa get blessed relief in five minutes.  ������/p 1V1UJN ii 1  U/0 lYlUIN Ji< X  0/o j put aQ. enfl tQ stomach- trouble forever  Loans  may   be   obtained   for   any j by getting a large fifty-cent case of  purpose on acceptable Real Estate security;   liberal' privileges; correpond-  ence   solicited.       American Canadian  Agency .Company,   75S Gas-Electric  Bldg , Denver, Colo.  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize in-five minutes how needless it i? -���������"-a suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any jstomac-h disorder.  It's tha ouickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale b^)  JOHN DONALD  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  The first 8now.of the season fell  in the valley on Monday. It is yet  undecided whether it will remain  us until next spring or not.  The frigid hlasts from the Arctic  zone have given the wood sawyers  steady employment. ? -  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  cy4.ll Its Branches  Boundary" Trust CBb  Investment Co., Ltd.  j  Established 1901  First Street  Mr. and Mrs- Hull and family, of  this city, visitpfi their home at  Christina lake the latter part of last  week; ���������.������������������������������������-',.  The winter time schedule was  adopted ' at the Fife quarry this  week.  J. McKay loft on Wednesday for  Anyox, B. C.  Miss Emily Jewel, of Carson, visited at the home of Mr and Mrs. R.  Forrester on Saturday.  Q When in need of can odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by.purchasing from us.  Q We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  i We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns arid designs is  second to none. .  MILLER &. GARDNER  Furnish  ome curmsners  Perhaps it would facilitate correspondence if people who write letters would sign their names to them.  At the Inst   meeting   of  the   Fraternal   Order of   Eagles   a  pleasant  i t  | social evening was spent. An en-  ' tertainmg musical program was  rendered, anil at the close,a spendid  luncheon was served Those who  participated in the festivities were  Peter A % Pare, Frank MoCovmiok,  James Render. John Meinel. Leo  Marler. Wm. Dncre, A. Mackintosh,  Wm. Meddis and H. Griffin.  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It.  j gathers and pi hits   the   news   of the  city and district first.  Highest cash prices paid for old  \ Stoves and Pnnges. E. C. Peckham,  ] Second-hand Store.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in,the  Boundary. This is the reason why  wo do not have to resort to gambling  sclinmos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  n n  n     If tho Cash on-Delivery "Sy-Jtom la in two .in y.our country, than yoti  need   not  UiUiUi   send 10|   Hiii(,'s.  for oithor two Kin-j-H you select, and pny balance when you roccelvoth  MASTERS, LTD., RYE, ENG.


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