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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 3, 1916

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 f"Xkwslative'Library..-;, ; M  I \  V.  Ii      v.:  t   ' -'J  1     '"���������J  KeUle..Ya!;ey  Orchardist  ���������SIXTEENTH YEAR���������No,  1  GRANP FORKS,  B: C, FEIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 1916  $1.00 PE.R YEAR  Pathfinder   Mine . Levies an  Assessment for  That  Purpose  ter is now producing ahnnt twenty  tons a day. Work" on additions lo the plant, which will increase the output to above seventy  tons daily, is now being prosed,hut  tbe manager isnnable to say when  these improvements will be com  pleted.  'CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  An extraordinary meeting of the  shareholders* of the Pathfinder Mine  company was held at the company's!  office in this city on Wednesday.  It was decided to levy an assessment  of 1 mill per'share for the purpose  of raiding funds with which to prosecute development work. B. Lequime was added to the board t?t  directors. Previous to the present  week two cars of' ore had been  shipped to the Greenwood smelter,  and two more carloads were sent to  the same place this week. The re  turns for the first carload, the ore  of which was taken from the dump,  amounted to about. 8100. No returns have yet been' received from  the other shipments, but it is expected that the values w 11 run considerably higher.  The British Columbia Copper  company?s property at Copper  mountain; says a mining man, can  well be compared, when developed,  .to the mountain of low grade ore at  Bingham, Utah, a few miles from  the Mormon metropolis, worked by  steam shovels. Last year the mine  in Utah yielded, in round figures,.  150,000,000 pounds-of copper, 370,-  000 ounces of silver- and 35,000  . ounces ot gold. The cost of operating was $12,000,000 and the metals  sold for si?27,0o0,000. ��������� -  The Canadian Pacific and Great  Northern railways are hauling slack  coal from Fernie to the -coke ovens  at Michel , to bring -about an improvement in the coke situation,  through which four furnaces- at  the Grand Forks, Greenwood and  Trail smelters, now closed down,  would be able to operate. The coal  output at Michel has been cut down  since the -explosion some months  ago, with a consequent reduction in  coke output at that centre. It is believed that sufficient additional coke  will be turned out as a result of the  new arrangement to enable the  Granby company to operate all its  furnaces at its plant in this city.  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at  .this port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts  at the head office in this city and at  the various sub-customs offices, for  the month of October, 1916:  Grand Forks  Z,-2M 36  Phoenix  :  963.44  Carson  730.17  Cascade   79.41  Total  $4,017:38  New Land Map  There has been issued   by the department of the interior a   new   addition of the "Land   and   Pre-emp  tion" map, which gives useful   and  teresting ihformation, corrected to a  recent date, with regard to the land  situation antl the   pre-emption   and  purchased homestead areas through  out   the   three   western   provinces.  Figures in green show   at -a  glance  the   number  of  quarter sections in  each township that are still available  for homestead entry,   also   the  area  within which   quarter sections may  be pre empted.     .Boundaries of Do  minion land agencies, and the   loca  tion of forestry and Indian, resetvts  are also clearly   shown.     All   town  ships which have been surveyed are  set out in a   distinctive   buff   coloring.    Copies of the publication may  be procured free of charge upon ap  plication io the railway lands branch  of the  department  of    the interior,  Ottawa.  It. 11. Stewart, general manager  of the Consolidated company, has  confirmed the report that the British  Columbia Copper company would  ship the product of its copper smelter at Greenwood to the new refinery  at Trail for refining. Shipments  from Greenwood may commence  within the next two or three days.  It is expected that the copper refinery will have an output of between ten and twelve tons a day of  the refined metal.  fifth International Egg  Laying Contest at Victoria  The following is a summary of results of the fifth egg laying contest,  held under the auspices of the department of agriculture at Victoria:  Duration of contest(inos)... 11  Number of pens.-.  -10  Number of birds  240  Number of eggs laid....... .      36,263  -Val ue of eggs 'laid ������1,030.88  Cost of feeding     ������430 45  Profit over eost'of-feeding.. . $594.34  Average price of eggs per doz . .31  Average   cost   to    produce  Thomas Crosby 8s  Seriously  Injured at Main Street  Crossing  A serious accident occurred at the  Main stret-t crossing of the1 Kettle  Valley railway at 12:30 p.m. yesterday, when the west-bound passenger train ran into a team driven by  Tom Crosby. As a result of tbe  collision Mr. Crosby sustained a  fractured skull and other injuries,  and he is now in tbe Grand Forks  hospital in a critical condition. Oue  of the horses came out of the wreck  with a broken leg, and it was neces  sary to destroy the animal. The  wagon was broken into fragments,  and the major portion of it was carried by the engine as far as the  Bridge street crossing, where the  train was finally stopped. The team  and wagon were owned by L. G.  Fowler, by whom 2ur. Crosby was  employed.  Today Mr. Crosby's condition is  reported as quite serious, he being  unconscious most of the time. He  is a married man, 29 years of age,  and has a family of three small  children.  dozen e<'<'s  .14.3  Average   number   of   eggs  laid  per  pen.          909.5  Average number of eggs laid  per  bird          151.5  Average  cost   of   food   per  pen (6 birds)       810.91  Average  cost  of   food   per  bird         81.81  Profit over cost of   feed  per  pen       fell.86  Profit over cost of feed   per  bird         82.47  Eggs   laid   by winning pen,  Class 1         1,103  Average   per   bird winning  pen, Class 1   183.8  Eggs laid   bv   winning pen,  Class 2...".         1,120  Average   per   bird winning  pen. Class  2  187.G  After a residence ol nineteen years  in Grand Forks, Mr. and Mrs.  Joseph L. Manly and family left  yesterday for south Florida, where  they intend to locate permanently.  Their many friends here hope that  they will be pleased with their new  home and that prosperity .will continue to smile on them.  Tbe^agricultural editor of The  Sun this week inspected an American Wonder potato from tbeSunny-  side ranch that weighed four pounds  and twoozs. It looked la'rge enough  to feed a battalion of Irish soldiers.  If anybody can beat this, they'll  have to produce tho spud as an evidence of good faith. We're from  yt. Louis.  C. L. Bugbee, proprietor of the  Imperial billiard parlor, this week  disposed of his business to \V. J.  iVeagher, who has conducted a confectionery store tiere for about a  year. Mr. Meagher took possession  on the 1st hist. Mr. and Mrs. Bug-  bee will probably move east alter a  few weeks.  scale in Grand Forks. It might, in  fact, be inferred from the accounts  printed in our contemporaries that a  very great proportion of our popu-  tion is engaged in purloining poultry. Possibly a few old bens have  gone astray here, but such an oc  curence is liable to happen in even  the best regulated community if the  chickens are allowed to parade on  the principal business streets ai all  hours of the day and night. If poul'ry  owners, would keep their hens and  roostprs "where they belong, and  some newspapers would print facts  instead of drawing on their imagina  tion, a large number of honest people would not be suspected of being  chicken thieves.  GREAT NORTHE  Electrification   of   Mountain  Sections Being Considered  in St. Paul  Pte.' S. Wolverson, of Greenwood, was aeported in yesterday's  casualty list as having been wounded in action.  Length of the Battle Line  "The length of the battle line in  Europe is made up as follows:  Western front, Nieup.orfc to the  Swiss border, 410 miles.  Italian front, from tbe border of  Switzerland to the vicinity of Trieste, 320 miles.  Eastern front, Riga to Bukowina,  720 miles.  Macedonian front, Avlona to Ka-  vala, 330 miles.  Transylvanian    front   32 1   miles.  Southern Roumanian front, 360  miles.  Total 2464. mile's, which is about  the distance in a straight line from  Victoria to Quebec. To this may he  added for the fronts in Asia and  Africa fully a sufficient number ol  miles to swell the grand total to  5000, along which millions of men  are striving and waiting for victory.  CollegeiVienVVho Have Enlisted  Does not a peculiar pathos attach  to a list of tbe killed among the  young university men, who were on  the threshold of life, full of vigor,  both physical and mental, looking  forward with keen intellectual an-  ticpation to the exploration of the  future? Moritur! Salutamus!���������Ottawa Journal.  "How beautiful is youth! How bright  it gleams  With its illusions,aspirations, dreams!  Book of Beginnings, Story Without  End,  Each maid a heroine, and each man  a friend!  Aladdin's lamp and Fortimatus'  purse  That holds the treasure of the universe,  All possibilities are in its hands,  No danger daunts it, and no foe  withstands;  In its sublime audacity of faith,  'Be thou removed!' it to the mountain Silit.ll,  And with ambitious feet,   secure   and  Plans are being worked out by  the Great Northern Railway company, says a late St. Paul dispatch,  for the electrification of more than  300 miles of the main line of the  road between Spokane and Seattle,  and other mountain divisions in the  west. As tentatively outlined, the  project is described as one of the  biggest of its kind ever undertaken.  Through a subsidiary company the  Great Northern company' controls  water rights on the Chelan river in  Washington, and the plan, it is  said, includes the raising of the level  of Lake Chelan, and the establishment of the main power plant in  the vicinity.  Eliminate War Profits  As a preparation for peace in time  of war the manufacture of munitions  should    be   established   as government industries, and the   possibility  ot   private    profiteering   should   be  ended, says  tbe Toronto   Globe     A  committee composed oj   Lieut. Col.  Frederic   Nieholl,   David    drnegie  and Col. C. V. Hamilton considered  tbe   question   carefully     from    the  standpoint of preparedness, military  efficiency and economy.   The report  presented to the militia department  in February,  1915, strongly    recommended the   establishment  of   gov  emmental factories.    For the situation    immediately   confronting   the  Dominion tbe stimulation of private  factories is recommended,   and wifsBsrv'  that no fault can be found.   Dealing  with a permanent policy, the report  declares    that     "the     government  should    have   a   firm control of the  means of production,"should "form   -  its own' t-tandarcls," and should   not  be "at tbe mercy of manufacturers."  The necessity of having all-war materials   conform    to  imperial standards, patterns, and specifications   is  also   urged.    For  this   purpose an  armament board   is   recommended,  to work in conjunction with the ordnance committee   of Woolwich.      V  suggestion of economic value   looks  to the utilizing of Canadian   productive   capacity    by    having   the war  office procure from Canada a proportion of its annual requirements.  pro  mi  i;i i/uw,  Ascends the ladder    leaning   on    the  J.   D.   Campbell, of   the Granby  smelter-,   returned   on    Wednesday  front Fernie, where he has spent the  past two or three  weeks   investigat-j  ing the coke  situation.    Mr. Camp-j  bell, on his return to the city, stated!  that  he   anticipated   that   the coke I  would arrive at the Granby  smelter i  more regularly-in future.  The zinc plant at the Trail  smel-  .   P. T. McCallum, immigration in j  spector at. this point,   yesterday   re- j  ceived   word   that   his   son,     Pte. i  Caughey     McCallum,     had     been |  wounded in the left ajtn   and   thigh  and admitted to No. 13 general hospital, Boulogne, October   22.   Four  soils   of   Mr.  and   Mrs. McCallum, j  and   an   adopted   son,    Robert - J. '  Irish, are now in khaki, and a   fifth  son is ready to enlist.  At their meeting last Friday  evening the Pythian Sisters tendered  a farewell banquet tJ Fred Anderson, late city electrician. After tbe  collation, the evening was pleasant  ly spent in speech making, games,  etc. Mr. Anderson and his family j  will remove to Kenewick, Wash.  clow Is.  METEOROLOGICAL  William   Yolen   William, a  Spo- j  kaue mining engineer, formerly connected with   tbe  Granby company, j  visited the city lust Saturday. i  It is learned from   a   number   of:  outside   newspapers   that   chicken  thieves   are   operating   on   a large  The  following   is  the   minimum  and maximum temperature fo  r each  day   during   the   past    week,  as re  corded by the government the  -morn-  eter on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.  Mnx.  Oct.     27���������Friday  36  ol  ���������     28���������Saturday   ....  '22  ���������Iti  ���������29���������Sundry  31  4s  30���������Monday   27  ���������10  31���������Tuesday  33  '>:',  Nov.   1- Wednesday .. 30  ol  2-Thursday    30  00  luche.-t  Kainfall    0 17  More Copper for Europe  Humors are heard in the copper  trade in New York of fresh negotiations for a. heavy tonnage for Eu  rope. It was presumed when the  recent order for 4-18,000,000 pounds  was closed that the requirements of  the allied nations had been largely  covered for the first hr.lf of next  year, but it was not learned to what  extent this coppi-r would go into  manufacturing other than the making of war munitions. Also information was lacking as to whether any  of the copper would find n final  destination in Norway, Sweden,  Spain and the other neutral countries, The needs of these eounuie.������  are as yet on unknown factor in the  copper nit nation.  *WB!Bi^SBIOIBB!!SS*SSBB'l  !3S!3  ���������anraijBaaia^iJij^  %Mi������!MMm3mmmaMmmm&m  WmHWjMMi^ \  THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,   B. a  2SS  "������������������M-.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG'  The Life of the Guns  F-rosion Sooner or Later Impairs ths  Accuracy of Fire.  The life of a'gun depends up On the  progress of erosion, which sooner or  later is certain to impair the accuracy of fire. ��������� Erosion is caused by the  action of llic explosive gases at high  temperature and pressure. According to the Iron Age, thc hot gases  cause a thin film of steel to absorb  heat. The film expands and becomes  set. Upon thc release of thc pressure, it contracts, which causes minute cracks that grow larger with  every discharge. As they increase in  size they form passageways for more  hot gas, and that tends to enlarge  them still further. Thc inner surface thus becomes roughened,- and  thc bands begin lo corrode. Finally,  the bore becomes so enlarged that  it allows the gases lo escape. Thc  shell docs not then acquire its proper  rotation, and its flight becomes erratic. All guns except small ones are  now constructed with linings in the  tube, which, when thc bore is worn  out, are removed and replaced by  'new ones. Thc cost of refining a gun  is approximately 30 per cent, of thc  cost of the gun. There appears ,to  be no limit to thc number of times  that a gun can be refined. Thc small  arms used in this country arc considered to be worn out after 5,000 to  7,500 rounds have been fired. Small  naval   guns  can  be  fired about  1,000  arc    regarded as  twelve-inch  and  guns are consid-  on one lining, of  times before they  worn out. Large  fourtccn-inch naval  crcd lo have a life, _  from 150 lo 200 rounds. Low veloe  ity guns, such as howitzers and mortars, have correspondingly longer  lives than thc high-velocity guns of  thc same calibre, because thc pressures they develop, and hence the  temperatures   are  lower.  Farm Grafters  Ravages of Parasites on Farm Animals Should Be Checked.  To graft is lo live at the expense  of someone else. If the one at whose  expense the grafting is done knows  of it and 'consents lo it, then no crime  has been done. If it is done without  his knowledge and consent, then it  becomes a crime���������graft in thc full  sense or meaning of thc word. Bui  in eithevcase thc grafter is what is  known  b"y another name���������a  parasite.  Thc parasites found on farm animals and plants arc criminal grafters  and should be dealt with accordingly.  When found, thc extreme penalties  of thc laws of war should be visited  upon them, for farming is a war as  well as a business.  If there.is any lime of the year  when thc chickens should be watched  carefully for lice and mites, the  worst grafters iii thc poultry business, it is right now. The warm weather stimulates their growth and, development. The chickens are rendered more or less indolent by the slim-,  nicr heat, so they do not fight these  pests as hard as on more comfortable days, nor do they rustic so_hard  for food. The hot weather is in' itself enough, for Ihcin lo have to fight  against 'wit'rlput having to feed these  grajtcrs .\vijf|F .tKtcir very life's blood.  Among 'tic'e'^rVcslock, chickens are  more apt toVSuft'cr from thc ravages  of parasites or grafters than any  others. And they should be watched  carefully and given every aid possible; especially the young stock,  which is now building the foundation for its future usefulness. Spray  their quarters thoroughly with a  strong insecticide. If you find them  constantly picking at themselves,  give their bodies a thorough treatment with some good and patient insecticide. For the good of your  -poultry business, get rid of the grafters.  Prussians Tired of War ^  After    Coming   Into   Contact     With  Britain's New Army, Are Glad  to Be Made Prisoners.  Philip Gibbs, of thc London Daily  Chronicle, writing from thc British  front after the smashing of the Prussian Guards, said: A large number of  prisoners were taken, and they came  straggling back over thc battlefield in  miserable little, groups. Some of!  them      carried      our     wounded    on  Dog That Won the V. C.  Jack, the Famous Pet of the Guards;  ���������   Is Honored.  One of the most famous regimental  pels that ever lived was "'Jack," who  was found, when a poor little puppy,  b ��������� a sentry outside St. James'- Palace. Snow was on the ground at thc  lime, and the dog had evidently been  ill-treated, so Ihe sentry, touched,  picked it up and fed it. Thc dog  eventually became very much attach  .    , , .i-ii ,i    ....; d to the sentry, whose regiment, the  stretchers or cm their backs, and oui   Scots Guard     a'doptcd thc������ tmi���������ral as  men carried  their wounded.  They were thc remnants of the  third Prussian Guards division, which  had been so utterly broken that it  no longer exists as a fighting unit.  Those who did not fall into our hands  have been withdrawn from the line.  Thc morale of thc men, as well as  thc lighting force, has been smashed.  Even thc officers admit that. They  have -no more stomach for the fight,  and several men with whom I spoke  today were frank in saying they were  glad lo be prisoners, to be safe, at  last, from the frightfulncss of this  war. Some of them told mc that :.f-  Icr leaving Valenciennes a few days  ago after our attack started they  were brought to Cambrai, and while  the officers were sent on by mo'tor-  cyclc they marched a long distance  through an unknown country lo thc  front. They did not know thc names  of thc villages they passed. Their  officers had no maps, and they had  an ominous feeling that they were  going to their doom, but the strength  of our artillery and its deadly accuracy of aim surprised them. They did  not know the English had such gunners.  Still more were they surprised by  the dash of' our infantry, as they  heard they had against them thc men  of the new army. Thc Prussian  prisoners belonged chiefly lo thc  Lehr Grenadiers and Fusiliers, the  All Guards division, thc 70th Jaeger  and the. 10th, 114th, and 190th regiments of the line. Some of them I  spoke to, were Poles from Silesia.  They are tall men of good physique,  well fed and some of them middle  aged and fathers of families.' They  correspond to the French territorials.  They -spoke of their wives and children and their dazed eyes���������for they  were just down from the field of fire  ���������lighted up at thc thought of going  home  again  after  thc  war.  "God send a quick ending to ��������� thc  war," said one of them, and he spoke  the words as a prayer with hands upraised.  a pel.  Jack went all through the Crimean  War, fighting tooth and nail by thc  side of his master and once going so  far.as to' save his life. One of the  enemy came at the erstwhile sentry  with his gun clubbed but Jack went  for him! Sad to relate, however,  Jack's master was killed at Inker-  man. When the regiment came home  Queen Victoria was so touched by  thc story that she had a miniature  Victoria Cross made, which she presented lo thc gallant little animal,  together with  the Crimean medals.  Tommy's French Bride  How Naturally Entente Marriage Alliances Are Fostered.  The War's History  Adopt the Metric System.  The nation is' in the mood for facing important changes. The war lias  taught us to drop many of our insular habits. If wc dropped our insular system of coinatoc, weights and  measures, it would he a great boon  to ourselves and lo all our customers  and correspondents throughout th,e  world, wherever the metric system is  in vogue. Our existing system is a  serious handicap lo British trade in  all the foreign markets. It is a  source of much exasperation and loss  of custom. The metric system is superior, from every conceivable point  of view. The day for stubbornly adhering to a worse, because it flatters  our insular pride, has gone by/ Great  Britain cannot afford lo begin thc  new regime with the old millstone  round her neck, and wc therefore  appeal lo illc government that when  they consider how to give effect io  the Paris recommendations, they  will boldly adopt the metric system.  ��������� London Telegraph.  Honor to Uruguay  Only Country    That Would    Send a  Ship  to   Rescue  Shackleton  Party.  Uruguay-is a little country, especially as South American countries  go, and few people in this part of the  world know much about it except  that it is somewhere along the upper  stretches of a big river, and that its  chief products, as the geographies  say, are cattle and revolutions. This  lack of information, however, probably proves more about our own  mental furnishings than it does about  the importance and, inconscqucntial-  ity of Uruguay.  ���������  Of all the nations not engaged iii  a great war and therefore desperately busy, only Uruguay has had  and promptly acted on the estimable  impulse to send a ship to bring  Shacklcton's men back from their  dreary prison on Elephant Island.  Uruguay's obligation to rescue  these freezing and starving sailors  and scientists is rather less than  more than the one resting on the  other larger and richer non-belligerents, for thc increase of whose scien-  lilc knowledge as much as that of  Great Britain those brave explorers  risked  their lives.  But it was Uruguay that had the  happy thought and is carrying it out  at its own expense.���������New York-  Times.  Empire Unity a Spiritual Unity  The    moving spectacle    which  the  passionate    loyally of the    Overseas  How Much Do We Know About the  Great Struggle.  How much do wc know about the  war wc imagine ourselves lo be seeing? If wc could read now the history which will be published 50 years  hence, we might not be able lo recognize the story. It may minimize  or leave out many of the things  which seem to us now lo be the  most important and dwell on events  wc have not even heard of. In this  age of light, much of the war is being  fought in the dark.  The Marquis of Crewe, on July 20,  1916, tells the House of Lords for thc  first time thai frohi December, 1914,  to September, 1915, war v.-as going  on upon the northwestern frontier of  India; thai in that time there were no  less than seven separate- attacks,  "some of a very formidable character." A mere attack of unorganized  and ill-armed tribesmen could not be  "formidable" lo thc government " of  India. What has been going on  there? The danger must be over, or  the government, which concealed it  so successfully, would not admit it  now in this way. It must have been  a "formidable" danger indeed when  no hint of il was allowed to leak out  to a nation which--was permitted to  learn of the failure in the Dardanelles campaign^ and the disaster in  Mesopotamia. It is plain to_-sce that,  though wc, the contemporaries, know  nothing of the war in India of 1914-  15, our children will be devoting  much attention to it in their study  of'history, in school.  ' A matter of much less significance,  but illustrating our contemporary ignorance, loo, is that of the postcard  received by the. American Board  from a-missionary nurse,in Turkey���������  apparently a mere note of greeting,  but containing mysterious references  to 'one verse in the Book of Job and  one-in the Psalms. On looking up  the references thc fact is revealed���������  cholera is raging and famine is at  hand. The ingenious nurse smuggled  the fact past the Turkish sensor on  the postcard. Hitherto the world has  remained in ignorance of it���������and of  how much else that is going on in  Turkey we'have no idea, for that  country has been masked from us for  months. As to Persia, our knowledge of thc. important events that  have been taking place there is practically at zero. If .wc could have a  glimpse at the school histories���������and  thc school geographies, too���������of 1936,  wc should probably be amazed to  find what momentous things can be  done in this age of light without the  world even hearing of them.���������Mew  York Times.  Frederick Palmer writes from the  British headquarters in France: One  of Ihe results of the presence of thc  British army in France is that a good  many British soldiers will take  French wives home with them. The  difference in language, far from being a bar -is an accessor}'. Mr. Atkins teaches Miss-France English and  Miss France ' leaches Air. Atkins  French. There is plenty  for the courtship lo develop. Frequently British battalions remain in  thc same section for months on end.  When the men have done their shift  in the trenches they return "in rest"  as the saying goes lo thc same villages where they wtfre before. Usually they have quarlers in French  houses, in a sense they become members of the community.  With the French men folk away,  Mr. Atkins lends a hand with any  heavy work that requires a man's  strength. Only today the correspondents saw a British soldier driving a  harrow. "A feminine hand docs some  sewing or cooking for him in return.  Thc romantic atmosphere is not lacking. When the Briton says "au re-  voir" to his. sweetheart and starts for  thc Ircnchc.s lie may never come back  and he is going lo light for France.  On Sunday afternoon thc girls arc  out in their best frocks, as they are  everywhere else in the world, and  walking with them along the roads  and lanes are men in khaki. Their  conversation is a mixture of French  and English. It is not romance  alone that leads the Briton lo marry  in France. He has learned lo admire  the thrift and cleverness of the  French woman and her industry in  taking the place of her fathers and  brothers   who  are  at   the   front.  With the Boy Scouts  Training the Youth of Our .Land to  Become Efficient Citizens.  The  preparation of the boy todxy  for the financial and commercial war  of thc future is a subject which presents itself to leaders of t'hought ia  every civilized country. Thc spoils  of thc economic war will go lo those  countries best equipped with health  and physique, common sense, good  morals, energy, ability and cducatioD'-  "Our energies," says Sir , Robert  of leisure Baden-Powell, ; ".should be .concen.-  traled on training thc rising generation to the fullest possible extent m ~  individual character, technical efficiency and physical health. With thru  foundation , ihcy make efficient citizens and equally, if need be, the most  efficient soldiers." Thc Boy Scoufc  movement is performing that, service  in a remarkably efficient way. Tbe  Boy Scout is taught lo be a healthy  man,i a gentleman, and when right  needs the assistance of might, the  muscle is available, too.  While London Laughs  Vegetables Keep Fresh.  Lettuce, parsley and all other  green things may be kept dcliciously  fresh if first washed in cold water,  shaken and then packed in a hi pail  that has a very light covet, sb thai  the air may not penetrate lo them,  ,.      .  . , -    ,-     . ,    ,    , .       iancl set in a cool place.    In the case  Dominions has furnished has given of icllucc wi,cn the cover is removed  an impressive reply lo hose who U)C kavcs u.n, p lip and voll wiI1  lliotignt the Empire could on y be filK| (hcm :is cr;sp and fresh as if  held together on a ten per cent, basis. L, had just comc from lI]C grmkn.  I lie unity of the Empire is a spirit- 1������vcn ]ctlllcc tIiat jias wiUcd to a  ual  unity,    and  it  has  survived    the I sUlc   v.m   rcvivc     W0iidcrfully  greatest strain ever put upon the re- hf subjcclccl l0 u fcw ���������ours 0f Sllcl,  Iations   of   widely   separated   peoples.   trcalnicilt#      To     purify greens   that  The Poor Are    Economizing    While  the   Rich   Indulge   in   Extravagances.  Wc arc told in these war times wc  must '���������economize"; wc must do without luxuries; wc must cut down expenses, and save all we possibly can  ���������not only to help in the carrying  on of the war to a victorious finish,  but also . in the event of possible  pinching days to come. This is sound  and wise advice on the part of. our  parental government, but how is it  followed? The very poor are economizing���������because they must; but the  [rich? "As a'plain matter of fact London never gave itself over to a  wilder, wickeder orgy of folly, fashion,'reckless extravagance and easy  morality than at the present momenty  With battle, murder and sudden  death in the very air,'{never were the  expensive restaurants more crowded;  never was;;���������'more money wasted on  needless delicacies of food ��������� and  never'..was 'there a'more absurd and  fantastical" riot of outlandish and immodest clothing among worn civilian  may be sccYi- at any "smart set"  gathering held for such "charity" as  truly "covers a multitude of sins."  It is bewildering and amusing; but  there is something terrible about it,  too! Terrible ��������� because thc eating,  drinking, dancing, gambling section  of London society strikes a sharply  discordant note against the fighting,  bleeding, tortured, suffocating, dying  thousands of human beings who, but  a short distance away across Channel are being slaughtered'��������� while  London laughs!���������Marie   Corclli.  Election Agent: That was a good  long speech our candidate made on  the agricultural question wasn't it?  Farmer Plowson: Oh, ay, it wasn't  bad, but a couple o' nights' good rain  'ud a' done a sight more good.���������Tit-  Bits.  W.      N.     U.     1119  It has been, especially in South Af  rica, the triumph of the principles of  liberty in human government. Wc  must take care that wc do nothing  to destroy that splendid inheritance  iu the future, but it will be obvious,  as Mr. Asquith said, that with all the  varied experience of this war, with  all the new obligations incurred, and  the new visions of neutral necessity  that have been revealed, wc must revise the character of thc Imperial  partnership. In that close and connected review the case ^ of Ireland  will have its due place, and in thc  larger atmosphere that will prevail  Ireland will have no cause to doubt  that justice will be done in the settlement of her place in the genera!  scheme.���������London  Daily  News.  ;irc to be eaten raw, use a pinch of  boric acid powder in the water in  which they are washed.  Tomatoes picked when just ripe  and firm and attached to the stems  will keep almost indefinite!}', with no  noticeable loss of freshness, if covered with brine made by dissolving a  teacup of sale in a gallon of pure  fresh  water.  Ancient  Armor Revived.  French poilus may soon fight in  ancient armor. Thc success of the  new steel helmet in reducing fatal  wounds has started a movement in  Paris to protect thc throat, checks,  shoulders and heart region by steel  plates  capable  of  turning a bullet.  Khaki-Clad Figure in the Top Buggy  "The boy in khaki  "With the-girl beside him.  "On  the scat of a covered  buggy,  "And  thc  horse travelling  through  thc light of summer    Sunday  ing."  'Ihe boy is home on his last leave  before the battalion goes overseas.  Thc boy and thc girl in the top buggy  go over the remembered road lo the  old church and home again.  The hoy in khaki in tlie top buggy  is a splendid and heroic figure���������may  God bless him and keep him and  bring liin'i back to the girl, to thc old  home, thc old road, the old church,  and all the summer beauty of the  fairest land on earth ��������� thc land for  whose sake the boy goes to battle,  wounds or death.���������Toronto Telegram.  Farm Live Stock in Canada.  It is estimated by the Census and  Statistics Office, Ottawa, that the  numbers of farm live stock in Canada on June 30 were as follows:  Horses, 2,990,635; milch cows, 2,603,-  345, other cattle, 3,826,519; sheep,  1,965,101; swine, 2,814,672. As compared with 1915, these figures represent decreases of horses by 5,464; of  milch cows bv 63,501; of sheep by  73,561, nm\ of swine by 297,228; but  an increase of "other cattle" J>y 427,-  364. The decreases apply principally  to Eastern Canada; in thc West all  descriptions ;>b0.v increases over first  year except swine in all three Provinces and "other cattle"'in Manitoba.  A Seoul s duly and promise is ta  help' oilier" people at all limes. Some  Scouts, "in fact most Scouts, will go-  out of their way to fulfil this promise. A very interesting story, which  is lo thc^ point, is tofd of a Buy  Scout at Southampton, England. Aa  officer embarking for the front had  no time to make soiiic purchases,  which he had meant to in the townL  Hc gave a considerable sum of  money and-a list of commissions to  a Boy Scout serving under the embarkation officer, but thc ship sailed  before the Scout had returned. The  officer thought that that meant  "good-bye" to both money and pur-  cnases. The Scout, however, had the  ship signalled so that it was lo stop  iu Southampton Water; he commandeered the Port Officer's launch and  delivered the goods and the change  When offered a tip, he said: "Sorry,'  sir;   on   duty."  A prominent statesman once remarked that whatever pessimists  might say of our Empire, there is undoubtedly creeping into it a desire  lo do, each of us, something that  counts. And ihcrc is plenty of opportunity. In the Scout movement  there arc many openings for- such  service. Whatever his age or his in-  firiimy, whatever his standing or his  inability lo find time, there is -in  opening for every man in Scouting.  It may be as a commissioner lo administer a district, or as an instructor to those boys wishing to qualify  for the many proficiency badges, "ocas an occasional evening visitor to a.  troop.; "It is a grand work and sporting work by which you'can leave  your mark'behind you in the shape of"  lives saved for the individual 'as well  as for the nation," declared our  statesman.  _ The character of thc Boy- Scouts  movement will be best understood by  a glance at thc "promise" exacted :of  each boy as he becomes a member:  "I promise on my honor, first, to be  loyal to God and to thc King; second, to-lry to do a good turn daily  to other people; and third, to obey  the Scout law." He is accepted -by  the Scoutmaster, who says: "I trust  you, on your honor, to keep this  promise. You arc now one -of the  great brotherhood of Scouts." At  the very outset the boy is.'placed  upon his honor, the strongest sentiment in the heart of a healthy' boy.  His manliness is appealed .to and  properly approached, a boy's manliness seldom foils.- He is treated as  a man, and the result almost invariably is thai he acts as a man. This  is one of the great lessons taught by  thc Boy Seoul movement to both  parents and teachers. Thc Boy  Scouts in Great Britain arc at present regarded as.about as necessary a  part of thc war as arc ihe regular  soldiers. It lias been demonstrated  already in ihe history of this- move-  even- uncut that Boy Scouts make the best  soldiers, as many of those who began as Scouts arc now fighting thc  Empire's battles in Europe, and  above all it has been demonstrated-  that in fulfilment of their initiatory  promise they become good citizens,  loyal to God and the King, and doing good lo their fcllow-mcn.  King George's Memory.  King George's wonderful meinor,  for faces was again demonstrated on  a trip through the accident ward of z  great hospital. Two years before on  a visit to the same hospital be talked  to a patient with a broken leg.- Thi,<  time he recognized thc same man.  "Vou were here last time I came,"  said the King "but you were in thai  bed over there."  "Yes, your Majesty," replied th<  man, "it's the other leg this time."  An  going  night  A Tall Order.  old Highland sergeant- was  his rounds in the barracks one  to sec that all lights were out.  Coining to a room where he though,  he" saw a light shining, he roarer'  out, "Pit  oot'tbat licht there!"  One  of  the men     shouted    .back.  "It's the mime .sergeant!"  Not hearing    very'   well,    the scr  gcant  cried  in   return, "I- dinna  caxf  a brass  button    what it is!      Pita  oot!" DCHE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  i#  Mb o-b!-  A Real.^  levanv  SlmulnUorJ.  |.n a ���������;��������� S-  I ���������H���������OH  SY ������������������'E Y,  In   this - puzzle   yon  see   four--.lines    of  letters. . Fill-in  the  missing   .letters '��������� so  that each Una 'spells  a   well-known  town  in    the   world.   .' A  Magnificent   Watch.  Lady's    or   .Gent's  (guaranteed Eire years), wDl be sent  free of  charge to'jreaders of this paper  who  solve  this parrte'auii conform to our one condition.  It costs - you nothing to try, Send your  a answer together with stamp, that we may  1 send  you  result.   All failing to  do this   will  be disqualified.   SEND NOW t  " BARCailS ���������������   WATCH   CO.    ( 400 Oapt.),  &9; ;������cirtraallla Ed.. London,   M.  WmBmSBBE&Ei&SEBBBiamsitliias  The Lights  Of; 65 Years Ago  ;  Are still doing: duty in  .   the shape-of  Sixty - five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  Whbn Buying Matches  Speirify "Eddy's."  .sue  gians  Excellent    Work    Being    Done    in  Looking After Refugees.  Holland is certainly casting bread  upon the waters. In addition to the  sum of $5,000,000 supplied Belgian  refugees: through donation, $5,000,000  has,been contributed by the Dutch  government. Two millioji dollars  have been voted for the coming year  and unless peace comes soon one  million more will probably be granted. The Belgian government made  an offer of reimbursement which  Holland, declines. Thc refugee  camps, under control of thc government, arc well organized and have  churches, schools, shops and post-  offices. -...-.. .  The refugees arc not compelled  lo work, but a small wage is oftcjccJ  as an inducement to do so. and tiicy  are employed in constructing small  "wooden houses which can be used  now and readily removed to Belgium  after thc war.  Excellent educational facilities arc  offered ��������� Under thc direction of the  Dutch-Belgian commission 50 primary schools have been established,  with 4,500 scholars, certified Belgian  Jcachcrs being employed.  Holland is playing thc part of a  jeal neutral ��������� a noble humanitarian  part. She will emerge from the European holocaust beloved of all her  neighbors.  Which is another forceful argu-  ancnt for woman's rule.���������Cleveland  TPicss.  Unwittingly Kind.  Cholly Ayrcs: Yes, since the Parsers lost their money I have stopped  tailing there.  Miss Keen: That is very kind of  7011. It ought to cheer them up a  whole lot.  When Your Eyes Haea Care  UHoHuriueEjeMedicinc. NoSmartlng-FeelS  :������ne���������Acta Quickly. Try it for Red, Wctilc,  .���������Sore Eyea and Granulated Eyelids. Murine Is  ���������romponnded byourOcttliatH���������not a "Patent  rSedlclne"���������batoned, InGuecesHfiil Physicians'  Practice for tuainy years. Now dedicated to  ���������tfke Public iuid sold by Bt-ogjriBts at DOc per  5Pottle. Murine Eye Salvo in Ascptlu Tubes,  Wo and 50c. Write for book of tlie E.ve Free.  JBurina EyaRivnecfy Company, Chicago. Adr.  W.     N.     U.     1119  World's Potato Crop  Germany    Leads in Total    Yield for  Year of 1914.  Thc worldls potato crop in 1914  covered 30,000,000 acres, giving a  yield of 4,375,000,000 bushels.  ' Of thc total acreage Russia had  9,000,000 and Germany 8,367,000.  Germany led iu total yiejd; however,  with 1,674,000 bushels, 'against less  than one billion for Russia. France  had half a billion bushels, and the  United  Stales 405,000,000.  In yield per acre, Norway came  first with an average of 247 1-2  bushels; Great Britain and Ireland  second with "241, France third with  230, Holland fourth with 223, and  Germany fifth with 200. The avcr-  for Canada was 180, and for the  United States 109.  In Germany,'which produces well  over one-third of the world's potato  crop, only 28 per cent, of the yield  is used for human food, in normal  years. Forty per cent, of the total  is fed direct lo animals, 100,000,000  bushels are used in thc" making _of  alcohol, and 50,000,000 bushels rrc  utilized in the manufacture of starch  aud allied products.  In Japan a start has also been  made in the manufacture of starch  from potatoes in a large way, the  output for 1914-15 being 35,500,000  pounds.  Good-bye to Asthma. Persons  suffering from that extremely trying  trouble known as asthma know^what  it is to long with all their hearts for  escape as from a tyrant. Never do  Ihcy know-when an attack may come  and they know that to struggle unaided is vain. With Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy at hand, however,'Ihcy can say .good-bye to their  enemy and enjoy life again. Jt helps  at once.  Grain Smut  Treating Seed Grain for Smut Is' a  Good Practice.  When grain first heads out is the  best time to observe the amount, of  smut in it.  The smuts of grain arc carried  from year to year in the spores of  smut cither on thc surface or within  the kernels of grain. If a head of  smutted ., grain is observed .in ��������� thc  field and one takes pains to trace thc  head down to the plant from which  it comes and pulls up the whole  plant, he will find that all of thc  heads coming from that plant arc  smutty, and consequently will not  produce  grain.  Throughout the West, "there is a  loss .usually of from one dollar and  upward per acre df grain due to thc  effects of smut. ���������  ���������,  Practically every particle of this  smut could be controlled by treating the seed grain. Every farmer  knows s1io\y to treat seed grain for  shiut, or he can find out very easily.  The cost of treatment, labor and material included, will normally, be less  than five cents per acrc.v  Wc know of no other investment  that.will return as large 3. profit. We  arc sure that more farmers would  treat for smut if .they .would take the  trouble to examine their grain fields  when they are heading out and actually make "a count of .the', smutted  heads in." a given area:  ���������A good way to do this is to drop a  barrel hoop down in a grain field and  count all the stalks of grain within  the hoop, and then count the number  of smutted heads. If one does not  actually look for smut he may pass  through .a field every day in which  there is as much as ten to fifteen per  cent, of smutted heads and never notice' them.  OURCe OF HEALTH  [When the'Stomach Is Out of Order  ' thc    Whole    System  -Suffers.  Indigestion is one of ihe most distressing maladies afflicting mankind.  When tjie stomach is unable to perform the work nature calls for, thc  result is severe- pains after eating,  nausea, heartburn, fluttering of the  heart, sick headache, and often ' a  loathing for food, though the sufferer  is really- half starved. People with  poor digestion, too, frequently try all  sorts of /experiments to aid the process of "digcsli67i7 but there is only  one way in which the trouble can actually be cured, that is ���������through.'thc  blood. That is why thc tonic treatment with Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  cures even the most obstinate cases  of indigestion. They make rich, red  blood thai strengthens the stomach  and the nerves/ thus enabling il lo do  its work. Thc process is simple, but  the result means good appetite and  increased health and pleasure in life.  In proof of these statements, Mrs.  Albert Hall, Sonya, Out., says:' "I  have used Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  with, wonderful "results. For two  3'ears I was a great sufferer from indigestion, which almost made nje a  physical wreck. At times -my sufferings were so great that I was unable  to attend to my household duties. I  had smothering spells at times and  was afraid to: lie down to rest/After  every .meal, no matter how; sparingly  1 ale, I suffered great distress. I  tried several doctors but their medicine Was of no avail. I saw Dr.  Williams' ; Pink Pills advertised to  cure this trouble and decided to try  them. I. had not been taking them  long when I felt somewhat improved. This improvement continued and  after taking ��������� ten boxes I could eat  and digest all kinds of food and felt  better than I had done for years,.  You may be sure I am very grateful  for the wonderful relief these pills  have given mc. 1 know they arc also  a cure for anaemic sufferers, as an  intimate friend pi mind was badly  affected with this" trouble, and after  taking several boxes she was entirely cured."  You can get these pills' through,  any dealer in medicine or by mail,  post paid, at 50 cents a box or six  boxes for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockvillc, Ont.  A Standard Medicine,���������Parmclce's  Vegetable Pills, compounded of entirely vegetable substances known to  have a revivifying and salutary effect upon the digestive organs, have  through years of use attained so eminent a position that they rank as  a standard medicine. The ailing  should remember this. Simple in  their composition, they can be assimilated by the. weakest stomach  and arc certain to have a. healthful  and agreeable effect on the sluggish  digestive organs.  English Stock Brecdins and the War  Notwithstanding thc war, British  pure-bred slock is still being sent to  |,all parts of thc world. A shipment  of Yorkshires was recently made  from an English herd to a Russian  estate. A Berkshire boar exported  to South Africa a short time ago has  obtained the medal for the best animal of his breed in the new commonwealth. A shipment of Oxford rams  was recently bought on Chilian account.  Farmer and Stock Breeder from  which these facts arc taken says that  English breeders arc already preparing for thc larger trade with France  that is expected lo follow after the  war! The French demand for breeding sheep is expected to be especially  la^rgc. French authorities say that at  t!?c conclusion of hostilities there  will be a large extension of the area  of pasture land in France, and that  tiie breeding of sheep will be greatly  increased. There is little doubt, says  Farmer and Stock Breeder that there  arc several English breeds which  would produce a distinct improvement among the local breeds of  France and Russia,  Tattered Tim: I've been trampiu'  four years, ma'am, an' it's all 'cause  I heard the doctors recommend  walkin as the best  exercise.  Mrs. Prim: Well, the doctors arc  right.   Walk along.  GOD DIGESTION  Air Fighting  Aerial Warfare as it Occurs at the  .Front Day by Day.  Wc obtain a glimpse into the actualities of aerial warfare as it .occurs day by day above the.lines of  the Allies and those of their enemy,  in the following account of a correspondent:  Lieut.��������� D., with Lieut. E., while on  artillery duly, attacked a hostile  machine near Lavenlie. Fire was  opened at about 300 yards, but at this  moment Lieut. D. was attacked by a  Fokker from above and behind. The  Fokkcr dived to within forty yards,  when Lieut. D. swerved slightly to  avoid the enemy's fire. Lieut. E.  then attacked the Fokkcr at point-  blank range. The Fokkcr banked  over to the left, and something which  looked like a box fell out. The machine then rose, dived, and was last  seen spiralling down close to '.earth.  I From other sources it is reported  that the Fokker was seen to fall to  earth at thc norlhcast corner of Bois  de Bicz.  ! ,A machine, Pilot Lieut. U, and Ob-  j server Corpl V., when patrolling over  Annay at about 9 p.m., attacked three  Fokkcrs, seen behind ��������� thc enemy's  lines. One of. the latter went off. The  remaining two made for Lens, towards ���������'another British machine, which  lliey attacked. Lieut. U. followed  and joined in thc fight, diving on lo  one of thc attacking Fokkcrs, which  turned away and dived perpendicularly. It was seen by an anti-aircraft battery to fall to the ground.  When Lieut. U. turned again illc  other British machine aud Fokker  had disappeared. Thc British machine is missing and is reported lo  have  landed   in  thc  enemy's   lines.  Big Change Coming.  IE we'are lo face with any confidence the tremendous transition from  war to peace /conditions it is essential that wc should realize, and be  satisfied that those in authority have  realized, thai things arc becoming  new. .The ordeal through ���������which. Europe has passed has swept the old  Europe away. We arc emerging on  to a wider stage, horizons have  broadened out and-ideals been purified. Men who have been content  with cramped and degrading social  conditions will be content with them  no longer. Wc arc ready fro change,  and the change can only be effected  by thc co-operation' and the, united  effort, of the people as a whole. ���������  London Daily News.    ���������  Catarrhal   Deafness   Cannoi  be Cured  by local applications, as they cannot reach thc  diseased porUon of the ear.: There is. only one  way lo cure catarrhal deafness, and that is by a  constitutional remedy. Catarrhal 'Deafness is  caused by an inflamed condition of the mucous  lining-of the Eustachian Tube. When this lube  is inflamed you have a ruthbliutr sound or imperfect hearing-, and when it is entirely closed, Deaf-  ness is the result. Unless the inflammation can  be reduced and this lube restored to its normal  condition, hearing will be destroyed forever.  Many cases of deafness arc caused by -catarrh,-  which is an inflamed condition of the mucous  surfaces. Hall's Catarrh Cure acts thru the blood  on the mucous surfaces of the system.      ^  We will srive One Hundred Dollars for any case  of Catarrhal Deafness that cannot be cured by  Hall's Catarrh Cure. Circulars free. AllDnur-  irists. 75c.  F. J. CHliXEY S: CO., Toledo. O.  -The Fight, for Talcum Hill  Women Say That They Would Enlist  if Needed.  From . a war despatch of thc future:  Five times that day had the Cold-  cream Fusilccrs charged Talcum  Hill, only lo be repulsed by thc heroic defence of thc Powder Puff  Guards. On each occasion the Fusil-  ecrs had been aided by a chintz curtain of fire from the Organdy Light  Artillery, but  this  had  not sufficed.  Five miles away, in Tea House  Headquarters, Gen. Rouge prepared  her new plan of battle. She reorganized her remaining forces, brought  up the Whalebone Corscticrcs, sent  new instructions to her subordinates, and made ready for a flounce  movement.  Shortly it began. Under a pall of.  smoke from the Organdy guns and  the Tortoise shelling of the Barrctte  mortars, thc Ftisileers took up their  course. Distant from them, and at  an angle, there went forward the  Lisle Foot soldiers, while from above  there came a bomb shower under  the auspices of the Georgette crepe  hangers.  Several times it looked as if the  Fusilccrs and their allied sisters  must fail, but ihcy weathered thc  drilling fire from Talcum Hill,  swept across the approaches lo it,  closed in and caught the defenders  as if between the blades of a pair of  manicure scissors. They fought their  way up thc embankment, renewed  their efforts, and swarmed over thc  parapet, shouting their cry of victory: "Cerise! Cerise"���������Saskatoon  Star. ;  Threshermen and Weeds Act  Manitoba V/eeds ; Commission Takes  Action  to   Safeguard  Farmers  The Manitoba Weeds Commission  is busy sending out from its office  placards to be posted", on threshing  machines- setting forth Sec. 7 of the  revised Provincial Weeds Acl. This  section is of great interest not only  to IhrcshciTiicu, but also to farmers.  Its four sub-sections provide as follows:  "(1) It shall be the duty of every  person owning or operating a threshing machine immediately after, completing the threshing of grain at each  and every point of working, to_ clean,  or cause to be cleaned, the said machine, together with all wagons and  other ...outfits' used in connection with  such threshing, so that seeds of noxious weeds shall not b"e carried to or  on the way to next place of threshing by thc said threshing outfit.  "(2) Any person not complying  with thc provisions of this section  shall be liable lo a penally of not less  than twenty-five dollars nor more  {���������than one hundred dollars, "and in default of payment to one month's iin-  priso/inicnt."  Minard's  Liniment   Cures   Garget  in  Cows.  ore vim!  Renew*Yoiir Strength!  If you arc tired, nervous, sleepless,  have headaches and langour, you  need Dr. Hamilton's Pills; they tone  the stomach, assist .digestion, brace  you up at once. Taken at:������������������night���������  you're well by morning. . Sickness'  and tired feeling disappear instantly.  Vim, spirits, hearty health, all tlie  joys of life come to everyone that  uses Dr. Hamilton's Pills. No medicine so satisfactory. Get Dr. Hamilton's Pills today, 25c per box at all  dealers.  Small Breakage.  A beginner on a brand-new golf  coivrsc in Ihe southwest of London  was having a particularly trying experience on a hole laid across a well-  meaning but 'exasperating plowed  field. When he did not miss the ball  he hit the ground behind it. His  caddie, summing up the position with  his~~cold, professional cjrc, remarked  to his companion: "My word! It  wouldn't cost him much if he was  playin' with new-laid eggs!" ��������� Tit-  Bits.  The Price of Wheat.  Thc depression in the price of  wheat, coupled with reports of large  acreages in other countries^ is causing the American farmer much concern. But experts say he need not  worry.. A study of wheat prices  during and following wars of the last  200 years has , shown that almost  without exception the highest price  has been reached after the end of the  struggle instead of during its progress.���������Washington   Herald.  No Greater Example. "  Ever.y one of these British soldiers  who have taken the first German line  are volunteers, for, of course, no man  called up by conscription is yet at  the front. Is there in history: a  greater example of noble manliness  in a people than this volunteer army  of millions of men? ��������� Evcncmcnts,  Paris.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.  Ecclesiastical Dues  Enforced.  "I canna get over it," a Scotch  farmer remarked to his' wife. "I put  a t-wa-shillin' piece in the plate at the  kirk this morning instead o' ma usual  penny."  The beadle had noticed thc mistake, and in silence he allowed the  farmer to miss the plate for twenty-  three  consecutive  Sundays.  On the twenty-fourth Sunday the  farmer again, ignored the plate, but  the old beadle stretched the ladle in  front of him, and, iii a loud,~tragic  whisper, hoarsely said:  "Your time's up, noo, Sandy."- ���������  Chicago News.  America's  - Pioneer  Remedies  BOOK   ON  DOG DISEASES  And Hoy/to Feed  Mailed free to any addres3 by  tho Author  H.CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  118 West 31st Street, New York  ������HE NEW F5ENCH REMEDY. N������1. N>2. W.B.'  Used in Preach  Hospitals with  grtat success, ousei chronic weakness, lost vigo*  & VIM KIDNEV BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD TOISON.  PILES KITMK1 No. DRUGGISTS or iiAILSI. POST 4 CTS  PGUGERA CO. 30. BEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK OrLYMAN BROS  rO.IO.NTO.    WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLERC  Med Co.iiaverstockRd.Hampstead. London. ENO,  tfty NEW DRAGEE 1TASTELESS)FQSMQF   easv TO TAI������  THERAPSOS^S ������������?,53Dco������.  6EE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THERAPION " IS OM  BRIT. GOVT STAMt AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKXT*  As a vermifuge there is nothing so  potent as Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator, and it can be given to the  most delicate child without fear of  injury ' to the constitution.  Prices of Dairy Cattle in New York  One of thc best grade dairy herds  in Otsego County N.Y., was, says  Thc American Agriculturist, sold by  auction at an average of $82.50, one  cow selling up to $133. At four auctions held in one week in Chenango  and Dclcwarc counties the average  price realized was $65. Single sales  of picked cows arc frequently made  at $100.          Why not call thc new shade of red  dye brought over from Germany !>y  the Dcutschland '.'Lusitania "' crimson," or "Arabic scarlet"?���������Boston  Transcript.  A safe, reliable rtovlating\  medicint. Sold in Jhreo de-j  grees of strength. No. I,  ���������Jl; No. 2, ?3; No. 3, *S  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid In piain package oa  receipt of" price. Fret  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK MEDICINE COJ  WBOflTO.OST. (fMMili VflsfcwJ  fa no more necessary  than Smallpox;, Array  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efn-  Cacy, and harmlcssness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOV/ by your physician, you and  your family, it is more vital than house Insurance.  "Ask your physician, drucctst, or send for Havo  you had Typhoid?" teltlns of Typhoid J������cc!ne,  results from us , and dancer from Typhoid Carriers.  TIIE CUTTER LABORATORY. BECKELEY, CAL  MODUcittc vaccines a itnuxs UKor.it o. s. eov.i4cr.usi  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  SomcthiwK better than linen and bist lauiuiri  bills. SV'a.Oi it with soap and water A I.  stores or direct. State style and size. I-oi  25c. we will mail yo-.i.  THE AKI.INfJTON COMPANY OF  CANADA, r.imll.d  5S Froieer Avcnuo. Toronto. Ontario  a corrective, occasionally, to right a disordered stomach,  which is the cause of so much sick headache, nervousness and sleepless nights. Quick relief from stomach  troubles is assured by promptly taking a dose or two of  They act gently on the stomach, liver, kidneys and bowels, assisting  and regulating these organs, and keeping them in a healthy condition.  These famous pills are vegetable in composition���������therefore, harmless,  leave no disagreeable after-effects and are not habit-forming.     ,  A box of Beeeham's Pills in the house is a protection against the  many annoying troubles caused by stomach ills, and lays the foundation  Prepared only by Thom������i iJecchom, 9t. Helens, Lancnihirc. England.  Sold everywhere in Cenada end U. S. America.   In boxei, 25 cent*.  Jfillllli  i������i':iiifci.irMi>.vc&"������j:(*-.iJM'-ivvuwjTiv.,b,u.uJ!n^ THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  not, we will frankly tell you so.  will run correctly. A, D,  anits  J^Jj Does your watch run  correctly?' If you experience any diflictil  ty with it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a modern  ate cost.    If  it  does  A watch repaired by us  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS, B. C.  G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  AN INDISl'RXDISN'T NEWSPAPER.  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)      1.50  Address all communications to  The Gkand Fokks Sun,  PnoNK'lOIR ' GiiANi) Fomcs, 13. C.  OFFICE:    UOLUMIUA AVENTJE AND LAKE STHEET.  war made a spectacle of;itself for men to be-  ho'lf with it poor little party, spite against Liberals, while tens of thousands of them are' in  the war and thousands of them and their sons  are stretched among the slain and wounded.  Is there no authority in this country that  can suppress the blatant indecencies of a  newspaper that, in-the hope of making some  contemptible little partizan gain, persistently  slanders the patriotism of half the population  of the Dominion, of Ontario, of London itself?  Everybody knows that if SirWilfVid Laurier  had been prime minister'when the war began  Canada would have participated in this war  just as she has done, with���������all Liberals hope  and believe���������a great deal less weakness^ wobbling, and drifting in the handling and directing of affairs.���������Toronto Star.  Those who see certain defeat for Woodrow  Wilson in the election in the states next Tuesday should prepare themselves for a surprise.  FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 3, 191C  To those who desire to.invest in Dominion  of Canada debenture stock but who can  only  buy in small sums, an opening has been made  by thc department   of finance, Ottawa.    The  debenture  stock  is   to be sold in amounts of  $500 or any multiple  thereof.    The  principal  will be repayable on the 1st of October, 1910.  Interest  is payable   half-yearly, 1st of April  and 1st of October, by cheque at the  rate ,of  i) per cent per annum from date of purchase.  Holders of this stock will  have  the  privilege  of surrendering at par and accrued interest, as  thc equivalent of cash, in payment of any al-!  lotment made under any future war loan issue  in Canada other than an issue of treasury-bills  or other like date security.    The proceeds of  the stock are for war purposes only.  Thc Vancouver Province is still engaged in  constructing   a   cabinet  for Mr.. Brewster.  What's the ,use? Mi'. Bowser apparently refuses to relinquish the premiership.  In the Grand Forks Valley  18 acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  'orchard;- good house and  barn and other buildings.  "We are safe in saying that had Sir Wilfrid;  Laurier been in control of Canadian affairs!  when this war broke out there -would have,'  becu no Canadian troops holding the-Germans;  at Ypres and there saving the empire itself  from being overrun by the enemy."���������London  Free Press'.  This is an absolutely  villainous  statement.  The London Free Press  has  all through the  For further information  call at   ,  The Blood fn the Apple  That the poem given helow will  appeal in strong measure to the averse orchardist is practically certain,,  but the Kettle Valley rancher - can  thiink his lucky stars that the con  dilions' here are not quite as black  aa the conditions painted in the  poem, but at the same time the author was omitted a large number of  torments and worries which it must,  be confessed bother us even in this  happy district.  You city folk who night and day  Loiter and stare along Broadway,  And, pausing by some fruiterer's shop,  You city folk���������do you ever stop  To   count   the   cost of   these radiant  wares,  Spitzenburgs luscious and Anjou pears,  Winter Banana and Gravenstein,  Crimson and gold in their sun-washed  sheen?  Winds of the west their cheoks   have  farmed  Down endless tracts of orchard   land  Kach nectar drop in that golden feast  Was a drop oi   sweat   from   man and  beast.  The crimson theie of deep, rich hue  Had its component in years of blue���������  The blue, blue awful first long years  Of falt'ring hopes and cank'ring fears,  Of worid'ring how in the name of God  You're going to  hold   your   piece   of  sod.  And go without the things   you   need  And   pay  your help,  and   buy   your  feed,  While   it   all   goes   out, arid    there's  nothing comes in,  And your credit's called when  you're  minus tin.  You city folk, that fruit you see I Do  It wasn't by chance, you take.it from.,  you    know what the   trees   have  weathered through  me! I That bore that golden fruit to you?  Do you know what it  is to clear your j Blight and mold, the dozen plagues  gang of  copse  And fell your trees   with  Wops,  And shoot your stumps,   and   shatter  rocks  With dynamite at five a box,  Aud   yank your roots, and    fill   your  .holes,  And drive the drag to level   the   rolls  While the dust and grime go   -tilt'ring  in  Each leaky pore, in  your   swelt'ring  skin,  And   the   fir-bark     splinters    calmly  glide  Through  the holes   in   your mitts'   to  your hands inside,  Which irives you   something   to   bias  pheme at  When you've chiseled the pitch   from  your hands with "Scat/"  Do you know what it is, you city folk,  To Ire consecrate    to   the   ranchman's  yoke?  To wake with your hands all cramped  and  sore  From the clutch on your axe  the day  bef  ore.  Then crawl into the icy night  Two    hours   before  you   glimpse the  light,  And make your way by lantern's glow  Out   through    the   chill   and driving  snow  To tend and feed the beasts that   live  By the grace of what   you   chooso   to  give,  Till dawn unfolds familiar lines  Of   outhouse   roofs   and     snow-clad  pines,  And when thc last chore's  done  you  say  You're ready now to start the flay.  That fly with wings and   crawl    with  legs.  Aphis, weevils-���������marshalled in hosts  Along each  bough   till  they  give up  their ghosts  In    a     sulphur-lime      death dealing  , drench  Or     a    Blackdeaf    Forty's   choking  stench.  Do you know the feeling to find a tree  That's reached a three-year's growth,  and see  Tts    leaves   all    limp,    its   roots   out  clean���������  'Twas gophered there in   the  ground  unseen  You can pull it out���������no need to   jerk  When the gophers quit their ghoulish  work.  At all their holes your traps   you   set  And some you miss and some you get,  But you might as well fish up   the sea  As trap n Gopher colony,  For their dead    have   fathers, sistars,  .brothers,  Uncles, aim's, and   hungry   mothers,  Arnl every one of the cave born brutes  Js horribly fond of apple roots  When they've gophered your tree, it's  gorii', that's all,  You just, forget it and plant next fall.  Fightindi dust, and five foot  snow,  You get them both where  the  apples  grow,  Toppling hopes and cank ring fears  To boost you along for seven years.  Blight   and    plague   and     withering  frost-���������  Just reckon these when you count the  cost  Of that wonderful fruit you saw torlav  As you slopped by   the window along  Broadway.  ���������Anthony Euwer.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  .--Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  ITighest market price paid for live' stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  In your favor is good printing.  It starts things off in your favor.  PeopSe read your- arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight, Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING because it gets  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  showlyou.'i It's'a 'certainty! that  we can save you money, too.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  sccribers.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also "Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly  Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  odel Livery Barn  M. H. Barns, Prop.  Phone 68  Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary con itry  John Wanamakcr says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It increases day by day and year1 by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   po "or." / ���������������''?  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  THOSE  WHO,   FROM  TIME  TO  TIME,   HAVE  FUNDS  REQUIRING  INVESTMENT,   MAY  PURCHASE  AT  PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN SUMS OF  $500  OR  ANY MULTIPLE  THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  "   Interest payable half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque, (free  of exchange at any chartered." Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent  per annum from the date of purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and  accrued interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment  made under any future war loan issue in Canada other than an issue of  Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter of one per "cent will be allowed to recognized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications  for this stock which/bear their stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER  7th,   1916.  ������  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of "undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting /l large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from Indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  surest and most harmless stomach  doctor in the world.  Parcels for Prisoners of  War in Germany Must Be  Very Sttongly Packed  The post office department has  been notified bv the British post  office that many parcels. sent  from  Canada to prisoner" of war in Germany are being received in London  in a damaged condition, so that frequently they have to be repacked  before they can be forwarded to  Holland for transmission to Germany. The British post office adds  that in most cases the damage appears to be due to the fact that the  parcels were inadequately * packed  by the senders.  The public are warned, therefore,  that parcels for prisoners of war,  unless they.are very strongly packed,  will probably arrivs in such a condition as to be of little or no use to  the recipients.  Ordinary thin cardboard boxes,  such as shoe boxes, and thin wooden boxes should not be used; nor  does a single sheet of ordinary  brown paper afford sufficient protection. Even where proper materials are used, it is important that  the   contents   should     be    tightly  Or  do  you  go  out into the weather, at  an expense of money, time and temper ?  You  can   telephone  anywhere, aud it is  just as easy as talking.  In fact, telephoning is nothing  else  than  conversation.  BRITISH COLUMBIA  TELEPHONE COMPANY, LTD.  packed so as .not to shake about  during transit. The following form's  of packing are recommended:  1. Strong doiible cardboard or  straw board-boxes. Those made of  corrugated cardboard and having  lids which completely enclose' the  sides of the box are the most suitable.  2. Tin boxes, such as are used for  packing biscuits.  3. Strong wooden boxes.  4. Several folds of stout- packing  paper.  The British authorities advise  that parcels for prisoners of war in  Germany must not be wrapped in  linen, calico, canvas, or any other  textile material.  Parcels posted in .Canada for  prisoners of war in Germany which  have not been adequately packed by  the . senders will not be forwarded,  but will be returned to the senders,  as the British post office has notified the department that parcels  which are inadequately packed  must be returned to the senders.  The old fashioned woman who  used to do her housework with a 25  cent broom now has a daughter  whose maid does it with a $50  vacuum cleaner, which explains  why eggs are 55 cents a dozen.���������  Boston Transcript.  There will be considerable logging on the West fork of Kettle  river this winter.  IF YOUR CHILD IS CROSS,     '  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look   Motherl     If  tongue  is  coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  URNSC&CO.  Dealers in  Fresh and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our c7Vtotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen. ^Manager  Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs," because in  a few hours all the clogged-up waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.  Sick children needn't be coaxed to  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions- of mothers keep it handy because they know its action on the  stomach, liver and bowels fs prompt  and sure.  Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of "California Syrup of Figs," which  contains directions for babies, children  of all ages and for grown-ups.  Advertise in The Sun.   It has the|  largest local circulation.  HANSEN 8 GO  MTV BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  fZr Gait Goal  Now  Office!  F. Downey's Cifjar Store  TELEPHONES;  Office, Kfi6 Cfrof QfrPPt  Hansen's Residence. K38 "'"I Oil OBI  Assuring Your  LlOlI ICbb  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion   thus   secured is  ��������� well worth its annual cost.  -  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced,  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is. an influence which must be  offset if "you are to.maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  trip TP3nPF*? of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  y  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising,  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop *m ww rnitUHSjrrcruttiiW t aw wnr trjnw^cwwt������n *������  iSTHE    SUN",   GRAND    FORKS,    B. G.  Under thc control of Uie Department of Aer'culture of Ontario ��������� Established 1SC2  AiJiliitsd With Tie UciYsriiijr ol Toronto.       College will reopen on Monday the 2nd of Octobor, 1916.  110 University Avenue, Toronto,   Canada.    Calendar    on    Application  E. A. A. Grange, V.S., M.S., Principal  Producing Timothy  Vhc  Be  Farther North  a Crop  Can  Made to Grow the Better  the Seed.  The Department of Agriculture for  Alberta has issued a bulletin on timothy seed production that appears  timely. It gives the market demands,  extent of consumption, sources of  production and information -with  gard to soil preparation, seeding  harvesting, threshing and marketing.  The gist of the bulletin, however,  ' is the emphasis it puts on thc opportunity for the western seed-grower.  Canada requires 600,000 or 700,000  bushels, and imports two-thirds of  this from the States, where' it is  grown in $100 or $150 lands and pays  a seventeen and a half per cent, war  tariff. Why not produce it at home,  on cheap lands for an open or even  protected market and of a quality  that..itsclf can defeat competition?  Thc Alberta kernel is very plump,  bright and attractive.  In relation to the general work of  farm  seed production in Alberta  the  bulletin contains thc following mlcr-  .esting paragraph:  "Independent of local or temporary conditions which favor the production of seed there arc general and  fundamental reasons why the' special  work of- seed production over thc  whole scries of field crops should  become thoroughly established^ in  the'province. It is a recognized  principle in seed production that the  farther north a crop can be made to  grow bountifully and mature salis-  factorily the better constilulioned thc  seed is. This has already been demonstrated in Western Canada with  respect to the cereals. Alberta Red  advanced perceptibly on the Turkey  Kcc: from Kansas as .to size of kernel, quality of content and weight per  bushel. The Alberta oat has practically made a new standard of  weight per bushel fashionable for the  greatest of feed grains. Good seed  is thc first condition lo successful  production of crops. Alberta cereals  arc. ajready finding their way cast  and south through wholesale seed  houses. Thc value of seed is a  question of constitution depending  upon symmetry and perfection in  kernel. Thc recognized plumpness  of the Alberta timothy kernel is thc  latest evidence' of the fitting and inevitable survival of northern grown  seed. There is every reason to expect that wc shall have a general development in the special production  of seed in all field crops including  cereals, grasses and alfalfa. The  combination of advantages represented in cheap land, suitable soil and  climate and unlimited markets makes  failure in the work practically impossible under reasonable management."  The Princess Pats  "Like a Belfast riot on. lop of Vc  suvius," is an Irish soldier's descrip  tion  of  the  trenches.  fight   for    the   German  "Arc you fond of-music?" "Music!"  exclaimed the enthusiastic young woman. "I am perfectly devoted to  music.   I could dance to it all night."  As the acorn grows to  be the mighty oak, so children, when rightly nourished, grow to be sturdy  men and women.  Good flavor and the essential nourishing elements  for mental and physical development of children are  found in the famous food-  Made of whole wheat and  malted barley, this pure food  supplies all the nutriment of  the grains in a most easily  digested form.  It does the heart good to  see little folks enjoy Grape-  Nuts and cream.  "There's a Reason"  Sold by Grocers  Canadian I'oslum CcrciilCo., T.td..  Windsor, Ont.  Reinforcements    for    Princess    Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry  Are  Needed.  For    more  than  a  year    now  the  P.P.C.L.I, have been    receiving reinforcements from Canada in thc form  of ihe Universities Companies.     The  first of these Companies left for Eng-  rc-  land  in  May,    1915,  and  since    that  time five' Companies in all have been  recruited    up   to  strength    and  sent  forward    to    England    for      further  training, and arc now with the Princess Pals at thc front.  These have been exceptional companies in many ways.���������High authorities regarded the first Universities  Company as one of thc best trained  units that has left panada. The companies that followed also maintained  that high standard, so that the Universities Companies became well  known' and respected throughout the  camps in England. When-a draft is  needed for the P.P.C.L.I., thc officers  of that regiment arc always glad to  know that there arc men of the Universities Companies waiting in England  for  their turn to  cross over  One remarkable feature of their  splendid standard of training is that  they proceeded overseas and got to  the front more quickly perhaps than  any other unit. The first two companies were in France in less than1  two months after leaving  Thc companies that followed got  over just as quickly. Thc second  company started recruiting on May  1st, 1916, and was in France August  23rd, 1916.  Thc men of these companies have  not necessarily been University men  or graduates, "but rather men of that  type, such as bank clerks, business  men, architects, and so forth.. The  standard of men largely accounts for  thc fact that they have not required  'the long and tedious training essentia! to other units. There have also  been many qualified lieutenants in  the ranks of these companies, men  who have preferred to go overseas  at once in congenial company rather  than wait about in Canada for a possible  commission.  These men, many of them, have  received commissions on the other  side, and their practical experience  at thc front has added greatly to their  influence. It is rather remarkable  that' at���������least ten of the officers' of thc  P.P.C.L.I, arc men who have risen  from the ranks of the Universities  Companies.  These men, too, have shown that  though many of them come from  positions that unaccustom them to  fatigue-and hardship, can stand any  rough work as well as thc next man,  and perhaps a little-better. Whenever there js some task which has  to be done quickly and.well, it is always the P.P.C.L.f. who arc wanted  for the work.  On one occasion, when the Engineers gave an estimate on a certain piece of work as requiring six  weeks, they received a fatigue party  for the first two nights from the  Princess Pats. They then sent in a  report to headquarters saying that if  they could have the same fatigue  party for three weeks the work would  be done in that time. In the big  scrap at -Hooge the showing of the  Universities Company men under  very trying conditions was really  wonderful, and they all received the  unqualified praise of their officers.  Another Universities Company is1  recruiting at present in Montreal. Already a draft of fifty men and one  officer have proceeded overseas. Another draft will soon be sent, and  there is room for a few more  men on this draft.  Of  thc    draft    of fifty men  went across, five of them had passed  their  qualifications  for  the    rank  of  lieutenant. '    Several    more have enlisted since the draft left.  The company has very comfortable  quarters in the buildings of the McGill University. It has also the use  of the University grounds for training purposes. Thc mountain also,  just behind the grounds, forms a very  convenient and interesting place for  field work. Thc company also has  thc advantage of having headquarters in Eastern Canada and so avoids  the difficulties of transportation to  point of embarkation, when up to  strength.  Any enquiries as to enlistment and  overseas service should be sent to  the Officer Commanding 6th Universities Company, Molson Hall, McGill  University, Montreal. Transportation from outlying points is forwarded after applicants arc medically examined and declared fit. Recruits  will be welcomed in Montreal at any  time. Come overseas and do your  bit with thc Canadian regiment that  has been longest at thc iront.  Farming by Reflection  of  The Man Who    Hustles Instead  Dreaming Is the  One Who  Usually Succeeds.  Every section, has its easy-chair  farmers who think they arc philosophers. They arc great on thc phrase  "Know thyself!" and they waste  hours meditating on their mental and  moral insides under the delusion .that  they are finding out about themselves  and" adding to the sum of human understanding.  That phrase "Know .thyself" goes  back to thc heathen gods; it was inscribed in gold letters over thc portico of. thc temple at Delphi. But it  is about as; easy lo know yourself  from studying yourself as it is to lift  yourself over a rail fence by your  own bootstraps.  There's Brown, a farmer .of broad  reading and high intelligence, a deep  thinker, who studies it all out and  cogitates, but somehow or other  doesn't get results and doc&.ft get  ahead. There's White, who has limited education and who never bothers about knowing himself, but who  gels into action the minute he opens  his eyes and keeps going until he finishes his day, and somehow he moves  into a sense of power and self-reliance and success that nobody can  doubt.  Farming by reflection is about as  useful as trying to grow crops by last  night's sunset. Action���������tackling thc  demand of the hour, learning by doing���������is the way to knowledge as well  as lo dollars.���������The Country Gentle  man.  Tiring, Ceaseless Back-Ache Cured  Can Be Rubbed Away To-Night  Relief is  from Even the Fir&t  Application  Sleep is the great nourishcr of infants, and without peaceful sleep the  child will not thrive. This cannot be  got if the infant be troubled with  worms. Miller's Worm Powders will  Canada, destroy worms~and drive them from  thc system, and afterwards the child's  rest will be "undisturbed. The powders cannot injure thc Tnost delicate  baby, aiid there is nothing so effective for restoring the health of a  worm-worn infant.  Alni03't  .Unfailing1   its strength, easily -five times greater  than   most  liniments.  Surely so powerful and curative a  liniment as Nerviline offers perfect  security against  pain.  Nerviline is thc only guaranteed  pain remedy sold in Canada. Forty  years of success in many countries  warrants its manufacturers' saying.  If it docs not relieve, get your money  back.  - No curable pain, nol even neuralgia, lumbago, sciatica'or-rheumatism,  can resist the magic power of Nerviline. Try il today. Rub it ou your  tired back, let it c'asc your sore muscles, let it take thc swelling and stiffness out of your-joints. It's a marvel���������thousands say so that use Nerviline.  ;. The large 50c family size bottle ot  Nerviline  is "more   economical     than  RUB ON NERVILINE  Cold has a vicious way of finding  out aching muscles, or weak joints.  Plow often pain settles in thc back,  causing inflammation and excruciating soreness. Stiffness and aching all  over  follows.  An application of Nerviline at the  start gives immediate relief and prevents worse trouble.  When the pain is very acute, Nerviline has a chance to show its wonderful ���������penetrating and pain-subduing  power. It strikes in deeply, and its  s.trikcrin-deep quality quickly proves  its superiority - lo feebler, remedies.  Then  this  goodness  is  magnified  by  the 25c trial size. Buy the larger  size today. Sold by dealers everywhere, or the Catarrhozone Co.,  Kingston,  Canada.  Big Prizes of War  Typhoid Toxins  Be  Simple    Precautions    That    Can  Taken  to  Guard  Against  Infection.  The rules for .protection against vacation  typhoid, as laid down by the  New    York    Stale      Department    of  Health, arc as follows:  1. ^Patronize only resorts that have  a safe water supply and approved  modern   sanitary   arrangements.  2. Address a "lcltcr lo "The Health  Officer of the village or town to  which you contemplate going and  ask him if the water and milk supply  arc safe and if Ihe sewage is clis-  .poscci of in a proper way.  3. Use only water that has been  boiled or otherwise purified for  drinking  or  culinary  purposes.  4. Drink only pasteurized milk.  5. Protect all food from flies and  other insects by screening doors and  windows.  6. Sec that all outhouses arc fully  piotectcd from flics by screens.  ��������� 7. Thoroughly wash in pure water all 'fruits and vegetables eaten  raw.  8. Wash    the    hands,    using  brush freely, before eating.  9. Before leaving for vacation,  mit to typhoid inoculation. It  ally protects about four years.  Officers and  Crew  of H.M.S.  Highflier Get Large Sums for Sinking  "'   German Boat  Thc officers and crew of H.M.S.  Highbyer have been awarded $.12,900  in prize mousy for sinking thc German auxiliary cruiser Kaiser Wil-  lftlm dcr Grossc. Thc commander  of the Highflyer slated that' he  caught up to the enemy while she  was sailing at full speed. He signalled her to surrender, but she at  once opened fire upon him, and so  he sank her. She had. a crew of 500  on board, alf of whom were/saved.  In thc case of a neutral vessel, the  Hakan, belonging to Sweden, whose  cargo of 3,238 barrels of herrings was  consigned to a German port, thc  judge held that the owners of thc  vessel knew what use their ship was  put to. Half thc cargo was subject  to confiscation, and he held that she  was a lawful prize of war. The same  judge, Sir Samuel Evans, condemned  as prize of war in a Prize Court thc  enormous-quantity of.6,000 tons of  rice, worth $609,200, seized on four  Scandinavian steamers, Jeanne. Vera,  Forsvik aud Albania. His. lordship  found that though destined ostensibly for a Scandinavian consignee,  Tycho Robcrg, thc rice was intended  for the German Government for thc  provisioning of the military forces.  Minard's Liniment  Cures  Distemper.  Teaching a Boy to Swim  What  to Do  and  What Not to Do  to Establish Confidence in  the Beginner.  There is a prevailing notion, especially among a certain type of fathers, that the surest and quickest  way to teach a boy to swim is lo  "throw him in over his head and let  il  him  na  sub-  usu-  good  that  Minard's  Liniment  Co.,  Limited.  Gentlemen,���������I have used MINARD'S LINIMENT on my vessel  and in my family for years, and for  the evcry-day ills and ��������� accidents of  life I consider it has no equal. I  would not start on a-voyage, without it, if it cost a dollar a bottle.  CAPT.  F.  R.  DESJARDIN.  Schr.   Storkc,    St.  Andre,    Kamour-  aska.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  Black country miners in England  arc now getting more than two dollars per day, quite an unprecedented  figure in that part of the world.  W.     N.     U.     1119  Wifcy: What do you lliink baby  will become when lie grows tip?  Hubby: Well, he's had experience  enough to be a town crier,  Russians With Canadians.  Information has been obtained  from the Russian government representatives regarding the status ri  Russians serving in the Canadian Expeditionary force instead of returning lo Russia to enlist. Wc arc authorized to say that their service  with any allied forces will be  taken as service with thc Russian army, and, further, will' be  taken as putting in so much service  with thc Russian forces. Any such  men who become incapacitated  through wounds or sickness and receive their honorable discharge from  the Canadian government will be recognized as a complete discharge  from their obligations for further  service with thc Russian  forces.  go lo it.'" Probably a surer  way to destroy a boy's confidence  in the water has never been-devised.  Thousands of boys are thrown in the  water without knowing how to swim,  and have conceived a fear of the water by this foolhardy method that  nothing has ever been able to remove. .No confidence is ever secured by a violent introduction, and the  father who thinks alorfg this line of  teaching his boy to swim is making  a fundamental mistake which he and  his boy will regret for years to come.  The wise father or teacher of swimming is he who wins his boy's confidence by first getting him accustomed to thc water in shallow places, and  then gradually have thc boy come to  him in deeper and deeper water until the young swimmer hardly knows  when he has ventured beyond his  depth. This is not thc "sissy" method of leaching boys how lo swim,  as some fathers like to think; it is  the only normal and sane way. It is  the father without a knowledge of  human nature who decides otherwise. ��������� From thc Ladies' Home  Journal.  For Burns and Scalds.���������Dr'. Thomas' Electric Oil will take the fire  out of a burn or scald more rapidly  than any other preparation. It should  be at hand in every kitchen so that  it may be available at any lime.  There is no preparation required.  Just apply the oil to the burn or scald  and the pain will abate and in a short  lime cease altogether.  No  Longer:   "Gott  Strafe England."  A  company  sergeant-major of  the  Middlesex paid a warm tribute to the  work of our artillery.  "They were simply magnificent,"  he said, "and as wc advanced they  lifted trench by trench. Thc battalion went over and on in fine style.  It was just like a parade ��������� and the  men felt confident as they knew that  large reserves were behind them. Wc  ,soon got into the German front  trench.  "I saw very few living, but in tlie  second and third lines we found a  few. At the bottom of the deep trenches were plenty of dead, and in the  dug-outs, too. Thc prisoners wc took  secmed half-starved, and as soon as  they saw us coming shouted out,  "Kamcrad, mercy!" but they only  said this whenlhcy saw that the machine guns which they had been previously working for all they were  worth were about to be captured "  Infantile Paralysis  No Need for Excessive Alarm���������Faf  . Less Fatal Than Tuberculosis.  Several facts should be borne in  mind in connection with the epidemic-  of infantile paralysis, technically  known  as poliomyelitis.  Its infectiousness is the most important element in the situation. No  certain cure has yet been discovered..  Once thc disease is contracted, it has  to-run its course. -All the physician's efforts must be spent in taking  preventive measures. Thc infection  is probably caused by a virus which  penetrates through the nose and into  thc body, and indirectly brings .about  a deterioration of the nerve cells of  the spinal cord and brain. This, in  turn, causes the muscular paralysis  from which poliomyelitis derives its  popular name. This virus,'it-has been  well established, is present in the  nose and throat and respiratory organs of persons afflicted, and can then  be expectorated or breathed out.  Flies, bedding, clothing, anything-  that comes in contact with or near  an infected person, may become a  carrying agent. Unfortunately, the  presence of the disease is hard to detect in its early' stages, whilCthc patient is still moving about and coming in contact with other people. The  symptoms arc not well defined, but  often resemble those of typhoid. Thc  ^diagnosis is difficult, especially as  parents do not always realize that  their children are ill at all. Thus tlie  necessary precautions to prevent contagion cannot always be -taken. In  fact, there arc many "abortive" cases  which do not develop into acute poliomyelitis at all, but recover without  ever being detected. Such cases, like  typhoid "carriers," may be centres of  infection for a long lime.  . Happily, physicians no longer have  to depend entirely on symptoms.  Several real tests, not invariably  trustworthy,' have been worked out.  Examination of a suspect's blood  and of his spinal fluid reveal cell  conditions which, taken together, with  other symptoms, make it possible,  especially during an epidemic like  the present, to recognize a case with,  a good degree of certainty, even before the acute stage has'been reached. Also the test by injection of  spinal fluid from a .-..suspect into the  brain of a monkey will often establish the presence of an abortive case.  There ought, therefore, by these  new methods, to be no insuperable  difficulty in detecting / thc disease  and keeping it under control. The  great requisite is to recognize the  epidemic's seriousness and treat it  exactly as cholera or yellow fever or  diphtheria would be treated. The  health department has outlined a  system of quarantine which ought lo  be effective. The public, on its side,.,  must help as much as possible. Parents should report all cases of sickness at once. Children should be  kept away from all places where  crowds assemble. No chances whatsoever should be taken. In prevention lies thc community's safety, and  there can be effective prevention only  by early examination and isolation.  When all is done that can be, there  need be no excessive alarm. Mortality in poliomyelitis ranges from 14 to  22 per cent. Several children's diseases lake a greater loll of life. Of  the survivors, a large . percentage  recover from the paralysis and regain the use of their muscles. Poliomyelitis has the terror of novelty,  while tuberculosis continues its ravages without causing excitement. ���������  New York Evening Post.  No one need endure thc agony  corns with Holloway's Corn Cure  hand to  remove  them.  ot  at  Military Medal for Women.  This country and thc Dominions  overseas will welcome the decision to  award thc Military Medal to women.  It is a lilting recognition of thc  splendid response which they have  made to the demands of the remarkable limes in which wc live. It is an  admission that even "under fire" women, as well "as men, arc exhibiting  "bravery and devotion." ��������� London  Telegraph.  "I saw the bride next door thiov*  things    at    her    husband    yesterday  morning."  "Good heavens!    Not dishes?"  "No;  kisses." THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. a  FRIGHTFUL TORTURES INFLICTED BY THE ENEMY  Money Expended Freely  Force Prisoners of War to Perform Convict Labor, and If They  Refuse They are Unmercifully Beaten and Subjected  to Other Cruelties"by the Barbarians  ��������� -^��������� 0 ���������   Fresh testimony comes to hand  from Germany how the frightful tortures, imposed by the Huns, by way  of punishment on French, Russian  and British prisoners who refuse to  do the forced labor which the Germans seek to impose upon them.  The Paris Matin voices the complaint of a French prisoner, who by  a lucky subterfuge has^comc through  from   Minister  to   France.  "Wc have," he says, "witnessed on  -April 6 and 7 really inconceivably  dreadful incidents. The "men who  refused to go to' work in the factories' were savagely beaten with the  butt ends of heavy sticks or dragged  by the feet until they pitifully, gave  iiv and promised to consent to go. On  a complaint being brought to his notice, the colonel replied, 'It will be  always so whenever the men refuse  to obey.' You may imagine thc  dreadful plight of those wretches  forced to work, against their brothers  and  against  their country."  This is but another infamy which  goes to swell the already long list of  so many others, and on which it is  useless to offer comment. And what  ' can one say as to thc treatment inflicted upon the Russian prisoners  in Germany as-revealed by thc Journal des Dcbats from information  contained in the Russkoc Slova?  This is nothing short of thc most  abominable martyrdom -as attested  and vouched for by numerous recitals and letters and even illustrations  which have beCn supplied by sonic  escaped prisoners. Russian prisoners  arc . made to travel under such disgusting, and horrible conditions-' that  many die during thc journey from  inanition. and asphyxiation.. They  die, but their corpses" arc left stand-  . ing supported .by their comrades,  since 80 soldiers arc crowded in a  carriage which ..at the best could accommodate only 20, and thc journey  lasts three days and three nights.  ���������'On''arrival'at'.their destination thc  prisoners arc subjected to convict  labor, and abominably fed. The Germans compel them to work on the  manufacture' of shells and thc preparation of asphyxiating gases. They  arc driven in hundreds to digging of  trenches under the shrapnel and gun  fire  of  the  Russians. '.  If ..the prisoners refuse, they are  unmercifully beaten and starved and  condemned to solitary confinement,  with their right hand fastened with  chains to their left foot.- In this  pitiable condition they arc left for  weeks at-a. stretch, or they arc suspended" from  a torturing rack.  All this the poor miserable prisoners endure most heroically; it is  their best chance of avoiding still  greater infamies. There have been  hundreds of similar cases, and these  repeat themselves every day where  soldiers, in order to escape working  against their country, cut off cither  one or two of their fingers, or even  thc whole hand.  In' the German system of repression, special mention must be made  of the asphyxiating coffin. This is  a large tin box in the shape of a coffin, wherein thc condemned man is  placed after being suitably ��������� bound  and gagged, and thc lid is then hermetically scaled in order to-prevent  the influx of fresh air.  - The poor miserable wretch soon  begins to' stifle, and finally loses  consciousness, when the coffin is  opened'and thc patient is revived by  the administration of a restorative,  and then once more thrown back  inlo this infernal coffin of torture.  As    regards  the torturing rack, fo  i -----   -  Russia's Food Supply  Special Bureaus Established for Distribution  of Foodstuffs  The Czar has appointed a special  commission to- relieve the distress  among the poorer classes in the large  cities and industrial centres. With  the aid of experts furnished by the  Department of the Interior and the  railway ministry the commission . is  to organize the distribution of food  on an efficient basis. The commission has sweeping powers and may  cause thcv-arrest of all speculators  cornering supplies to drive the prices  up still further. All foodstuffs in  the hands of speculators are to be  confiscated and paid for at thc market value.  Five members of the commission  and Siberian pfov-  the exact amount  number of cattle  requisitioned and  cliics and thickly  populated parts of the Empire. For  the transportation of the supplies a  special railroad service is to be organized. Over three hundred freight  trains arc to be run to Moscow, Petrograd, Kieff and other cities daily  from Odessa and Siberia. For the  distribution of the foodstuffs special  bureaus arc established in all cities  and larger towns. The heads of  these bureaus- will be directly responsible to tlie''Ministry-of- the Interior  for the equal distribution of all  grain, meats, etc., at the prices fixed  by thc Government. All sugar factories and canning - establishments  arc brought under thc control of the  Government. The sugar manufacturers have been requested to give  estimates of. their possible maximum  production and to place all of their  stocks on hand at the disposal of  thc Government.  in  thc southern  inccs' ascertained  of grain and the  that    can       bcsi  brought   to   large  A Big' Sisterhood Is Needed: to  duce the  Cost. of Living.  An investigation into, the increased cost of_.living attendant on war  conditions, and its direct bearing on  the housewives of Toronto reveals  the following facts:  1. Thc cost of living, so far as the  housekeeper's bills are concerned,  has risen from 30 per ccnL to 40 per  cent. l  2.-Dealers vouch for the fact that  they can scarcely remember a time  when the housewife's money circulated with more freedom.  3. The reasons for inflated prices  arc, for the most part, undoubtedly  legitimate, thc chief factors being  transportation, scarcity of labor and  closed  channels  of import.  4. On the other hand, war-time excuses arc brought to bear effectively  on credulous people by a few dishonest /dealers and that, in some cases,  shoddy and adulterated goods at  disproportionate prices arc on the  market.  5. No organized attempt has been  made by women to regulate the soaring prices.  6. A little more arithmetic on the  housekeeper's part in theydiffusion  of the householder's- money would  tend  to improve, conditions at home.  Naturally enough, the seller is hot  disposed to create an impression of  pessimism which would result in the  shearing' off of trade. At the same  time, the housekeeper of Toronto is  up against a problem -which calls for  hard thought first and then united  effort. Nor is it a question which  can be put off until tomorrow. The  rich woman, who is spending fr,eely  on luxuries and meeting increased  demands is indirectly embarrassing  the woman who finds it a struggle  to pay for the necessities of life. A  big sisterhood is needed which will  stir up home production, home industry, home labor, and thus unlock  the door to steadiness of supply and  price.  To feed the body, to house the  body, to clothe thc body��������� these are  ���������the problems "which, man; and woman,  mated together, Jiayc to ..face. ���������;,.' Man  is the provider, woman is the dispenser, and how great is her responsibility in times like these?  Canada was well on its -.way toward a readjustment of its~~economic  life when war broke out. The7 final  effects   of  After Two Years of Advances on All Fronts, the Reverses Will  Be Harder to Bear ior the German People Than They  Had Been for the Allied Countries  For the first time there has come  from Berlin an admission of the  truth as to the perilous situation of  the central empires. It is, not official,   but  it  passes  the  censorship  in  the dispatches of thc wholly sympathetic Karl von  VVicgand.  Mr. von Wiegand says the central  empires arc like a strong fortress  sformed and, assaulted on all sides  by besiegers. The fact is obvious to  thc impartial.'observer. It is interesting that in Germany it should be recognized and; confessed.  How different is this picture from  that which was painted not-long  since in the columns of thc German  press and in the articles of Messrs.  von Wiegand and Schuttc. Then wc  were told in graphic terms of the  triumphant advance of Teuton arms.  Why Berliners Riot  Women    of Germany  Trouble   From  Reasons  A     Berlin  German  women  Not    Making  Selfish  correspondent writes:  newspapers often attack thc  of Germany because, after  years of constant warfare during  which they have lost husbands,-brothers and sons, while themselves  forced to endure untold hardships,  they are showing signs y of what is  termed weakness. "It is most humiliating," says the Muenchcncr  Xeueslc Naclirichten, "to sec that'  after eighteen months of war, a'.very  large part of our, women have hot  yet learned to understand what wartime conditions really mean. They  ire sighing, weeninc   and  n      ���������      c    i ���������      i- i-    ,     x  ;i -     ,"' wccPlnS   ana    groaning,  Russia,   Serbia,   France   (at   Verdun), j because   they   can *  and Italy each in turn felt thc crushing power of the Kaiser and his all}'.  Great Britain, wc were told,'had been  robbed of her glory and  strength as  mistress  of  thc  seas.    The  plans  of  the entente for a.co-ordinatcd offensive had been  frustrated  by  German  skill and  German prowess.       France  was   on   the  verge  of  collapse     and  England     would   never     be     ready.  Russia staggered and Italy retreated.  Now  thc  scene    changes.    Russia,  Italy,  France  and  Great   Britain   arc  hurling    their   strength   against     thc  thinning Teuton wall.    They are doing   what   thc   central   empires   have  never   been  able -to   do���������-pressing  an  offensive in three-fronts at the same  time.   To those who have studied the  progress of the   war with  intelligent  and impartial interest it has been obvious that sooner or later this would !  happen.    But it is not what the Kai-'j  sc.r   expected   when   he   launched   his  armies  against   Belgium,  although .it  is what he has feared since the battle  docs  because  Romans as Dry Farmers  The  >t!uch allusion 'S made above, this is  a stake fitted with all conceivable  manner of fine cords. The condemned man is suspended in such a manner that these cords bite into the  flesh as soon as thc members become  stretched under the weight of his  body. Even the most hardened soldiers  arc  unable  lo  resist  this  form  y    Garnere"d    Rich Olive    Crops  From the Hot African Sands.  .The problem of dry  farming with  which our western farmers arc struggling was  faced also  by-the ancient  Romans  and  handled;by  them  in  a  manner from which wc moderns can  borrow  many  a   suggestion.      When'!  i the  French    took  control    of Tunis  I they  found   established  there "a  leg-  iacy from the Roman colonists of old,  !a  system  of  dry  farming as  perfect  as-anything achieved by'modern experiments in Australia, South Africa  and  our  own    West.      Professor J.  Russell  Smith,~of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania, has made a first hand  investigation     of     this     remarkable  archaeological puzzle, which    he describes  in  the  Century in an  article  entitled      "The; Dry      Farmers    of  Rome."    He says in part:  "Plainly the Romans were master  dry farmers to succeed under conditions worse than those under which  wc have failed. How did they do it?  Can'we not copy them? Fortunately, wc can copy them, for they succeeded by thc vcryi^simple device of  growing tree crops. Since our dry  fanning has failed with grain crops  on ten inches of rain and upward,  and theirs succeeded with tree crops  on ten inches "ot rain and downward,  the lesson is most plain. Wc,  should grow tree crops.  "Thc secret is not hard to find.  The perennial plant, of which thc  tree is the highest type, is nature's  great implement for fighting aridity,  if there is deep water the tree will  send its roots for it. Recently an  artesian well digger in Arizona  brought up the live root of a small  bush from the depth of cighty-lhrcc  feet. If there is surfa.ee water at almost' any season thc perennial desert  plant will seize it as a hungry dog  seizes  a bone  and    keep  it  securely  [Un.Lia   ui     the  struggle    mav,  from,   . ��������� ��������� .    , .  necessity, carry that readjustment |ot the Marne. Every -effort or the  further than would otherwise have I central empires since that time has  been possible. But in the meantime,!bccn t0--prevent this co-operative at-  specific  duties  bear most  heavily on I .tack on the part of their toes.  the poor, who  i.ti.cs of goods.  use the cheaper qual-  War Ends French Duelling;  The   failure   to   crush   France   was  followed by an attempt to  el im j n a1c  Russia  as  an   effective  factoF'in  the  military  strategy  of  the  entente.^Tt  & | also failed.   Then thc drive on Serbia  Ad-  Bloodthirsty    Combatants    Are  vised to Go to theiFront.  The duel is one of the ancient in-1  stitutions of France    that  has fallen!  line r.s  if pos-  was begun to hold Turkey in  an ally and to  enlist the aid,  sible,   of   Bulgaria,     Roumania     and  Greece.    It held Turkey, but to small  . .        .    .        , ���������, .purposes.    It won Bulgaria, but fail-  mto neglect during the war.  The last j cd t0'Aviri the others; it left the situ  sensationaencounter     on   the  "field atiou  uo   bctter   than  of    battle���������a    bloodless    one���������tookjjj  place after the election of thechain-!  ber of deputies in 1914, not long be  too,  fore hostilities broke out. It was  between Joseph Caillaux, former  minister of finance, a.nd his unsuccessful opponent, Louis d'Allicres.  Caillaux fired into the air and d'Al-  licres fired into  the ground.  Since     that  meeting   M.  d'Allicres-  has been grievously wounded on an-: ks occupation now will  other held  of honor.    Acting as m-!.,:c ..  ...- c  termediary officer between the firing  line and the command in the rear,  he was hit by a fragment of. a shell  that -maimed him probably for life, y  It is attributed to thc fact that so  many Frenchmen like M. d'Allieres  have shed their blood on the battlefield that thc duel has been abandoned, and there is a well-defined sentiment that it has come to an end  good and all.  it  was   before,  emiiied in between  the allied armies  in   Greece  and  th   potential   hostility'of  Roumania,  Bulgaria  can  be  of no real service.    Turning again to  the   western   front,   Verdun   was   assailed, partly in the hope of a moral  (victory and partly in order to demor-  i alize thc-plans  for an Anglo-French  j offensive.       Verdun   has   proved   an-  ! other failure.    It  may be   taken,  but  have no significant consequence for the  fortunes  of cither    side,  and already     troops  from  the Verdun front have  appeared  in   the  region  of  the  Sommc.  What will be the effect on the mind  f of thc German public when  the Ger-  j man press can no longer talk of vic-  jtory?    What will be the effect of la-  ��������� bored explanations by Major Moraht  ,.     J and  other military  experts  as  to  the  i reasons for withdrawal in France, in  no  longer get  all  thc  bread ���������  or meat  they    want,  because    pastry    made    without butter  not  appeal   to   their  taste,  and  they    feel    disgusted    when  jlhcy   have   to   drink   coffee     without  ���������milk.    Once more,  German    women,  jwc appeal to you, nay, wc command  jyoti,   to   stop  these  cowardly  lamentations,  lo  submit to  existing conditions and not unnecessarily  to make  life harder to our brave men who are  fighting in the trenches."  To the unbiased observer these reproaches directed against the women  of Germany, who have taken up and  carried their part of flic burden of  war in a most; admirable manner, arc  by no means justified. The women of  Germany have shown fortitude and  endurance and if they are becoming  unmanageable it should be remembered that they arc not rioting and  fighting the police and troops sent  against them from selfish reasons,  but because they sec their babies .dying from lack of milk while their  older children are growing pale and  emaciated, because all articles of .  food, even the most elementary ones,  have risen to prices which it is utterly impossible for them to pajr.,  They fight the police and attack thc  provision and baker shops because  they know that their wealthier sisters  are able to buy even luxuries and that  the farmers, large and small alike,  are-hiding "their grain in the hope of  still higher prices.  soon as they lose consciousness, they  arc let down and they regain consciousness, but the same torture bc-  on the morrow, and to  thc official dose of this  lasts 28 hours!  years,  -support-  again  that  punishment  gms  thin!  a  none  ana    keep  it  s  of torture more than two hours.    As''for months, or even  ing life and if possililc maturing a  crop of seed. Many and interesting j  arc the devices by which plants have  modified- themselves to get and hold  water in the fierce and merciless processes of adaptation, natural selection and survival. The olive, for instance, is a deep rooter in moist subsoil or a far-reaching, shallow rooter  if there is no water in the subsoil.  Its leaves arc glazed above and hair}'  beneath. If undisturbed, the- foliage  will completely shade its trunk, thus  protecting it from the rays of thc  sun. Given one good drink, an olive  tree has shown its ability to survive  two rainless desert summers witli  only a single shower between. That  is why the dry farmers of Rome succeeded 1,500 years ago, and their  successors arc succeeding now, while  our farmers have often failed through  their dependence on thc quick growing,  quick perishing annuals."  Literal.  A London wholesale provision  house which prides itself on filling j  all orders correctly, received a letter  from a provincial customer recently,  complaining bitterly of the very poor  quality of thc last two lots of eggs  supplied.  The reputation of the house for  never making an error seemed to be  at stake, but thc bright mind of the  junior partner found a way out of it.  He wrote:  Gentlemen: Wc arc sorry to hear  that our consignment did not suit  you; there was, however, uo mistake  on our part. Wc have looked up,your  original order, and find that it reads  as follows: "Rush fifty boxes eggs.  Wc want them bad."���������Tit-Bits.  telling  Ought to Be.  "Is  that  doctor  capable  of  you how to avoid grippe?"  "He ought to be. He has had jt  half a dozen times himself."���������Richmond  Times-Dispatch.  Commends the Government  Thc Dominion Government has  rendered an excellent service in providing artificial limbs for soldiers  who have suffered amputation. This  will prevent fraudulent canvassing  and will also prevent thc growtli of  a highly undesirable private interest.  ���������Toronto Globe.  Some credit the "sacred union oi  parties and classes with this reform,  while there are certain proofs that it  is due to popular depreciation of personal conflicts between Frenchmen  while "the Germans arc still at Noy-  on." Thc "sacred union" has not  prevented disputes and provocations.  Two men contesting for a favorable place from which to witness a  review of troops on thc Esplanade  des invalides came to blows and oue  of than tossed his card to the other,  "rf you arc so eager to fight,*' cried  a bystander, "why don't you do as  those boys did?" pointing to some  armless and legless soldiers lined up  before the troops to be decorated,  Two young men in a popular cafe  exchanged sarcasms, followed by insults, blows and an exchange oi  cards.  "To Verdun, with tlicin!" cried llic  spectators. "Put them out!"  Thc manager threw both of them i  into the street, where thc idlers jeer-!  cd litem until in common defense;  they made up their quarrel and walk-j  ed off together. j  There arc two hypotheses regard-1  ing the duel after the war. In sonic!  cases the disputants have both been I  combatants in thc great war and will i  find it ridiculous to make a show of  courage against each other after hav-{  ing already shown it together many j  times   against   a  common   enemy.  If they arc not both combatants,  they will, one or both of llicm, have  been heroes of the war, to whom  public opinion will say* "No! 'Ko  fighting! If you arc so thirsty for  blood and so particular about honor,  you would have taken your satisfaction  out  of  the  Germans."  ,-IGalicia and on the Austrian front:'  After two years of advances here,  there and everywhere, reverses will  be harder to bear for tlie German  people than they have been for the  people of the allied countries. Thc  process of disillusionment is ever  painful and disturbing. How long  will thc central powers maintain the  struggle once the hope of real victory is abandoned?���������Chicago Evening   Post.  The Selling Power of the Newspaper  Those papers arc most valuable io  us  as advertisers which     resist     the  pleasure of us advertisers and cqua"  resist   the   pleasure    of  any   nnancia  interest   and   try  only   to  serve     the J  common good, for, as thc reward for j  that, they command the confidence oi|  their  readers.    If we advertisers  un-1  When the Scots fcharged  A Wounded Scot Gave Graphic De-  -   scription of the Big "Push"  A thrilling- story of the "big push"  was related by a wounded Scot, who  has reached London.  "Eh, nion, it was hell, but it was  grand," he declared. "We've got a  move on at last, and arc paying the  Huns out. For over a week our guns  have been letting- rip at them. Talk  about the German guns in the early  days of the war, they arc not in it  now. I was in the retreat from Mons,  so I reckon I've seen some of thc  fighting." ���������'".'"...'.  "I got my packet Friday night," he  added, referring to his wounds. "Wc  were pushed up to our front line  trenches early Friday morning. Long  before daybreak the guns were at it  worse than ever. Thc noise fair  drove some fellows daft, but thc  : worst of all was waiting in thc tren-  Ichcs for the order to charge. When  -that came wc were over the top like  :a lot of dogs let loose. The ground  I was churned up for miles, and the  .'front of the German trenches simply  j smashed to bits. Wc got there tin-  . dcr cover of smoke, and fairly rolled  'in. I shall never forget the sight.  [The Germans were lying" heaped up  ���������in all directions, and those who were  ���������Hive showed no fight, but appeared  .lo have gone 'clean potty.'  ! "Further on we got into  'ports, which had received  i smashing about, and it  ���������had  the scrap.    At  thc Germans had. rushed a  chaps in, and they had Ii id���������  -, ! it sccnicd  crowd of  was  the last  the  sup*  a   terrific  there wc  moment  den   themselves  denninc the confidence in the papers  wc advertise in, eventually they will  cease to be good mediums for us to  advertise in. Those which command  tiie most confidence of their readers  arc, as 1 have said, the ones that get  the best results for us.��������� Edward A.  Filcno, Boston, at llic Advertising  Men's Convention.  in   shell  holes  were  taking pot    shots at  us. -  rujicd   them   with   thc  bombs,  aud  some  of  good   fight.       I   had  front of me, and felt  for I tumbled  Movie picture shows have penetrated to Tonkin and Assam, French  possessions  in  China,  Going to Plumb  Niagara  Whirlpool.  The depth of the whirlpool rapids  in thc Niagara Rive? just above thc  falls may become known. Engineers  propose to take a series of soundings  from a passenger aero-car line which  has been constructed 200 feet above  the water by the Niagara Spanish  Aero-Car Company. Thc engineers  will use a weight of'500 pounds or  heavier if necessary.  It has been estimated by many that  the depth is anywhere between 250  and 1,000 feet. Because no boat.ran  live in the rapids, it has been impossible to verify these estimates.  added  and  We  bayonet and  them put up a  one fellow in  myself a 'goner,'  over some wire, when  one of our chaps got his bayonet into  him. The next second a German  'outed' my chum. 'Never fear, Jock,'  he said, 'you did the same trick for  mc once.' That chap's left a wife  and six bairns away up North  the Scot.  -Asked how he received his wounds  thc Scot became somewhat bashful.  "Oh, one of thc Huns got in at  mc," he replied. Another wounded  hero, however, took up the narrative,  "lie fair tumbled into a hole where  there was half a dozen of 'cm hiding," said the second men. "Jock  comes of a fighting race and he gave  thc Huns a bit for hiding."���������London  Telegraph."  "Arc you in pain,  asked   the   kind   old  "So," answered  pain's in inc."  my little  man?"  gentleman.  thc   boy,   "the  DISILLUSIONMENT IS PAINFUL   AND   DISTURBING THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B: C.  Ill  mi  fc4l<L';  y  &Jl  mm  ������L       <3|  5I TOAPPERS^������������!������������������2"  3  for Beaver, Foxes, Lynx, Wolves, Mink, Fisher, White Weasel,  Martcn,Muskrat,uud other Fur Bearers collected in your section  . SHIP YOUR FURS DIRECT to'"SHUB'ERT" the largest  house In tbe World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur House with an uublemished reputation existing for "more than a third o������ a century," a Ions successful record of sending lJur Shippers promot.SATlSFACTORY  ��������� AND PROFITABLE returns. Write for "<B\)t s&ljtidetr Shipper,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write lor it-NOW���������it's FREE  AD   QWriRFRT   fr.r   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  . B, DnUCE-RljIEC, DeptCll9CHICAGO, J.S.A.  Mrs.'W. J. Harkness ,is reported  to be very low at her home in the  West'eiid."  P. H. Donaldson has moved into  1 the house which he recently purchased from J. L: Manly, near  Mr.  rfpraggetl'a   residence   iu   the West  end.  r--~������.$  *5������  SHORT and SNAPPY  Tho secret of thc success of our  Want Ads. Is that thoy arc short  and snappy. People like a plain  business story told in a few words  and If they; want anything'thcy  refer to tho placo where they  will find It with tho least trouble,  viz., the Classified Want Ads.. Is  .your business represented -there.  FOR SALE  A It E���������Four yours old; .'.wrljrht about .1301.'  lbs.   Cull at Hotel 1'rovince.  M  nONY���������Cheap: .-lx years old: KOiith1: brolcr  T   losiiddleiuid biiBtfi'    Apply Hotel  Prov  ince.  AGENTS WANTED  WANTKD���������Wen mid women Panva'sers, ex-  ppriem-e uroferred, to retail Rnwleigh'-  medicines toilet, articles, spies, stock remc  '���������Ill's.'poultry siippli'S, for city imd towi  trade. f.urjrest line, srreutest variety, lowest  rules known anywhere. Term -i cash or timp  Hacked by four million dollar concern. A.d-  dn'us't'he W. T. Ita-.vU-itru Co., Ltd., 102"> O1111-  noll St., Wiimijitstr,. jriviriw a<re, onciipiitiou  references.  FARM PRODUCE WANTED  WANTKD AT ONC'IC���������Pomtocs and onions  Kmirhers hiivinir ciininl't o^ of produi."  for & lu this full, .kindly send l'st of stuue and  prices wanted to C. "V. McRsritt.  BOOT    REPAIRING  TA.1CIC   your  repairs  to   Amison, shoe   re  puircr.    Tho    Hub.     Look   tor  the   Big  Hoot  SECOND-HAND    GOODS  A. A.'Frechette ' has   moved   into  L. Jliddell'rf house, in the Wedt end.  For  Up-to-Date Jewellery"  Go to  Timberlake, Son &> Co.  Newest Styles /Choicest Patterns  rices1  safely in Folkatone, England, According toa cahle received from him  by his father, M. R. Mc-Qunrrip, of  Neloon. H is not yet known what  hospital he ha^ been sent to.  Mrs. C B Peterson whs taken h>  the Grand Porks hospital on Satur  day. Later in the day she submit  ted to a surgical operation She is  now reported to be improving.  - Grant Stewart, manager of tlvj  Laurier mine, was in the city on  Monday. A car of high grade ore  was shipped from this property to  the Granby smelter thin week.  Rev. M. D McKee will conduct  the service at the North Fork school  house on Sunday, November 5, at  2:30 p.m.   All are cordially invited.  J. C. Taylor, who. was formerly  employed in A. D. Morrison's jewelry store, returned to the city yesterday. Mr. Taylor is now a traveling optician.  As The Sun goes to press the 1916  rainy season in Grand Forks is starting-a week's cngagetuentj  You can sometimes get a better  conception of the miraculous powers of Aladdin's Lamp by spending  fifteen minutes reading the Arabian  Nights than you can by paying a  dollar to look at soiled tights on the  diage. Patrons of the Km press  theatre discovered this fact this  A'eek.  Mr. and Mrs. FT.   C.   Lucas   have  moved    to   Greenwood,    at    which  ooint Mr. Lucas has been appointed  nanager  of the   Canadian Bank of  Commerce.  Hallowe'en was very tamely^ cele  brated in this city  this  year     Evi  lently   the   night   was too dark for  the ghosts to play   their   customary  'jj'rankp.  HIGHEST CASH PUICES naid for old Stovi's  and   K;m<ji:s.    L. C.  Pecltluim,   second  hand Store.'  NEWS OF THK Cm  The new time table.of the Kettle  Valley line for the months went in  to effect last Sunday. There is practically no change in the running  time. The trains, when they are on  time, continue to arrive apd depart  the same as under the old schedule.  Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Hutton left  on Wednesday for a short visit to  Spokane.  W. J. Galipeau yfsterday received  a telegram from Ottawa stating that  his son Joe, who was formerly em  ployed in Mooyboer's blacksmith  shop, had been wounded in" action  somewhere in' France.  TAKES 0?F DANDRUFF,  HAIR STGPS FALLING  Two carloads of Doukhobors from  the prairie provinces arrived in the  city last Saturday for the Carson  colony.  Lieut.   Donald  McQuarrie,   who  was     wounded    recently,     arrived |  Save your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right npw���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  hair-is mute evidence of a neglected  scalp;  of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  the hair as.dandruff. It robs the hair  of its lustre, its strength and ita very-  life;' eventually producing a feverish-  nesB and itching of the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair "roots  to shrink, loosen -and die���������then the  hair falls out fast. A little Danderine.  tonight���������now���������any time���������will surely  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowlton's  Danderine froin any drug store.    You  surely can havo beautiful hair and lots-  of it if you will just try a little Dai:  derine.     Save   your   hair!    Try   ���������"  repare for Co  by buying your  Winter's Supply o  Clothing  from us  We have a large stock to select from, and  our prices places them within the reach  of all.  if there is anything new under  the sun it can usually be found in  The dun "want" ad. column.  silR������Msi!iH^li������]  w  Wft  L  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forts  _J  utter  rs  Neatly-printed with  special Butter 'Wrapper'  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  10 CENT "CASCARETS"  IF BILIOUS OB COSTIVE  For 8lck   Heidachtt,  Sour  Stomach,  Sluggish Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you sleep.  Purred Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches come from a torpid liver and  clogged bowels, which cause your  stomach to become filled with undigested food, which sours and ferments  like garbage in a swill barrel. That's  the first step to untold misery���������indigestion, foul gases, bad breath,..yellow  skin, mental fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating. A Cascaret  to-night will give your .constipated  bowels a thorough cleansing and  straighten you out by morning. They  work while you-sleep���������a 10-cent box  from your druggist will keep you feeling good for months.  GRIL'S STATEMENT WILL  HELP GRAND FORKS  Here is the girl's own-story:    "For  years I had dyspepsia,   sour   stomach  and constipation.  I drank   hoc   water  ariri olive oil by the gallon.     Nothing  helped   me ^until   I  tried  buckthorn  bark,    glycerine", etc.,   as   mixed    in  Adler i ka    ONE SPOONFUL help  ed me INSTANTLY."   Because Ad  ler i-ka Hushes-the  ENTIRE ali'men  tary    tract   it relieves   ANY   CASE  constipation, sour stomach or gas and  ore vents appendicitis. It has QUICK  EST action of anything we ever sold  Woodland & Quinn, druggists.  Addressing Mail  to Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail'be addressed'as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (e) Name,  (d) Squadron, battery or company.  (0) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), stuff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (<j)   British Expeditionary Force.  (h) Army Post, London, England.  Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as brigades, dvirions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay.  Advertise in The Sun.   It has the  largest local circulation.  The Sun is always a live issue   in  Crand Forks.  v A Sun "wai'.t" ad.  always   brings  results.  You   can   not   reach   The Sun's  ',numerous   renders   except   through  the columns of The Sun.  Yale Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any S2 a year paper printed iti the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not ha veto resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those wc already have.  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  Applu. 11SS:)F  LAND REGISTRY AOT.  NOTIOK \-> hi-ri'liy jrivon tliat I sliulliit the  ��������� ���������.\.i>m������t!mi iifiiKf niiPiilli Tom rh<* dute of  ticlirsi !>i Ui.-iiinii hereof is-iiio ti < :<>n ilie.iili'  <>r r11-!?'���������!���������>���������������il>!   'i'itli-t. 1 tin" ittinv" mentioned  IiiimU t.-i th ��������� wuiic  ni' .fniin  Tl.oMiii-i Lawrence  unle-w in  ihe    tiiesiiitiiiie   Viillil   n!>j*>etli>II    is  nm  i- fi .."��������� in     ft iti-'.    'I In- liol'l^r of the fol-  Itiw'm :   <l'"fii 'ri������- ui s   rifliitlli^   to    MiM    Itnids,  nil me I ���������������������������:  I      ....-,.,.,,,,-Tir for SaliMldleil i������kt .rii'y. I'.iOo,  ! i    t    AlMi'il   (!<>i'iiht   uii'l   Alfred   .(oiviih  1    ��������� ..  1 i<i Vi'.i'.iei1 ;l  Pui'kltis of lidi "j, Miip 77.  ^; inil      ieei-11   l)i'i'.'''i-i Vi'.'e   liUtriet.  rl .���������������;.- dutr-1'.ill, An^n^l, I'.lfin   '���������' niter  "1 . ii,.-   :i> A!i-.-e    'inse.v   nf   Lot    ���������>, M j 11 >   77,  -i nil   hmm-i ii i'l'i'i'i'ii.  K-.|. ,-i,r  'In' -d April    !���������.<()���������.>,   ,\ !!(������������������������   Diiii-y  ii VV- 1 'r '-. ;'i'i lUtis of I.'i' ���������'>, Map; 7. Si in lil. ii-  iii.-"ii   ,'(vi'������iini.  I     Av.i ������������������inn-lit  mid  Sui-rcii'lo",  dati-il   10th  \liii-eli.   i!|:ti,   Wall   r   (j.  i'erltlin  to   Williuui  Ail'reit ('i.i);������'!-nail Airreil .frueph flodper.  i^ reipured lo deliver Ihe suine  tn   mc   forthwith.  I),, eil  at   tho  I.and  lli'jrlstr.v Ollicp. Kiim-  |i>(i|n., I'. ��������� .. t:tii!< M*\ d iv of Sciitcinln'r. 19IG  C.  II. DUN HA It.  District KoifiHtrar.  Poultry men  Improve Your  Flocks  Foi; Sai.k���������FifV.yS.U.White  l^vlnirn (ockci'dH. Bred  for c.u':;' prodiu'l'.ion only.  Void- choice ;i,t'  M2.(M) cadi.  J. A. cTWcCALLUM,  t;i:,ANi) !'oi:.us, u. ((.  Independent i^ran  Counter Glieck  Books  jMade in Toronto- Tho  b^st co tin ter cliedv books  on tlie market today.  P. A,   Z; PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fihst Stuekt  Eastern Prices  We have a two years',  contract to'handle these  books. Gall and see samples  At Trie Sun Office  THE.  LONDON'DIREGTORI  ' (Published Annually)  | Enutiles triulnrs .throughout  the   \yorlil-.to  j ooiurminic'iitc direct witii tinglish  j MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  ' in each class of sroods. Residos behifr ii cotn-  1 plcte coiuinere.ial guido to Londou und its  ''suburbs, the diruetory coiituius lists of  1 EXPORT ME IIC HA NTS  with the floods thoy sbij), tmd the (lolouin)  and'li'oroigr] Markets thoy supply;  i STEAMSHIP  LINES  i arranged under the ,1'ortM to which they soil,  , and indieatint; the approximate Sailings;  I PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  | the principal provincial towns and lndustrlu!  ' centres of the United Kingdom. '.".-.  A copy of the current edition ������'|ll be f>r-  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Po'"al  Orderfor S5.  Dealers seeking Ajrencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarjrer advertisements from $15.  THE mm DIRECTOR)  CO., LTD  5. Abclmrcli 1 iiw. Icndi ti. -E.('.


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