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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 28, 1915

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 C\-~.. - t .  Kettle Valley Orchardisf  r.  ^  M,  ?_������ r*  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 30  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 28, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  -   Mayor Gaw and  Aid.  Bickertoh,.  ' Bohthron;'-'-Donaldson,-'Manly and  ..   Smith were'presentrat  the  regular  ��������� ;_aeeting'-6fihe-"(.ity council on Tu.s-  '     day .evening.'   .-��������� \'   '   .   ',..-���������."  ��������� A communication from the depu-  .ty minister of agriculture at Victoria  "   drew-'the  council's attention to the  ' ,- new act "regarding the destruction of  noxious' ,'weeds-' in,].' Inuhicipalities.  -.It appears" that the proviuce'bolds  ��������� ,the.! municipalities responsible for  ' _ the. -destruction of,' noxious 'weeds  ."   wijhin their corporate limits; and in  turn-it "gives the municipal, governments power to enact bylaws  .compelling property ownersrto keep  their property, and to tbe middle of  the street, road or alley abutting on  the same, free.of the weeds. The  clerk was instructed to answer' the  communication.       l\   ���������    ���������   "   A   communication   from   A.   E.  Ames & Co.; of Toronto, called   the  city's attention to  the   opportunity,  of   investing  sinking- funds in'Ontario government bonds!   Received  and filed."  A letter from J. H. Plath regarding the clearing away of the debris  from his property caused by the recent fire in Columbia, was referred  . to the health and., relief committee  with power to" act. ���������  An applicatian for city wate rfrom  Mrs. Japp, of the We-t end. was  referred to the water and light committee, with instructions, to report.  A communicate from Mrs J. L.  Manly asked the council to give  30me groceries and free light to an  indigent woman in the West end.  Referred to health' and relief committee.  Tbe clerk reported that the deed  of the land purchased from the Catholic church for the Winnipeg avenue  fill had been returned from the land  registry office, with the request for  a survey and map of the same, and  also a higher registry fee..   On   mo-  * tioD, the council decided to keep the  deed deposited in the city safe.  ,The chairman of tbe finance committee reported that the members of  the committee had met and had decided to makQ thetax levy o\ mills  for schools, 9 mills for' general purposes, and 15������ mills for debentures  and sinking fund,-making a total of  30 mills, the same as last year's levy.  He also recommended that the city  employees be placed on full pay,  to date from May ' 1; that $5000 of  unsold school debentures be cancelled, and that a solicitor for orders  for hair goods be required to take  but a $5 merchants' license.  The tax levy was approved by the  council, and on motion of Aid. Bick-  erton and Manlv the recommendation respecting the city employees'  salaries was adopted. On motion  of Manly and Bickerton, the $5000  of school debentures were cancelled,  The chairman of the board of  works reported that it had been  found impracticable to drain the  skating rink for the basketball  game on the 24th, and that the  opera house had been used for that  purpose. He had been approached  by contractors who wished to know  if the city would consider a proposition to have the fill near Dr. Aver-  jdid not like- to consider a proposition of this nature, as the fill-would  furnish employment for the city  team when there was ho other work  to be doner On motion of Aid.  Manly and Donaldson, the council  decided to employ the city team-on  this-fill,       ������������������ ' ���������"������ "iv ...   -  .Mrs. Wiseman' a.ked -permission  to~"move' a.tbree-roqm.fJcottage . from  outside' the city.limits into' the city.  The request was' granted.   " '  Chief Savage''addressed, the coun-  cil, and urged the'advisability of tbe  city selling tlie-fire engine arid buying a motor truck. On, motion" of  Aid. Donaldson, it was 'decided to  advertise the fire,engine for sale, _,ih  the Municipal Journal;' - - ..-r.  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that the  fence and gate' at ��������� the nuisance  ground had-been repaired.' He also  broughtup the question of granting  free water and light at the minimum  rate to "soldiers' families. Some of  the members of council appeared to  think- that the families obtain no  benefit from -these concessions, as  the amount of the reductions made  by the city is deducted from the  government allowance .Action was  deferred until more "information is  obtained on the suhject:'-  " On~motion of Aid. Bonthron and  Bickerton, all the property owners  near the English church who have  their fences .on.the alley were re,  quested to remove the same.  Aid. Donaldson stated that some  of the -public buildings in the city  had been reported to be unsafe for  large gatherings of peop[e. -,The  chairman of the board of works was  instructed to inspect them.  Aid. Donaldson was granted leave  to introduce a bylaw providing for  an alteration of the aljey in block  44. It was read for the first and  .acond times,-passed the .committee  stage, and then, under a' suspension  of the rules, was'read for the third  time.  Aid. Manly gave notice that at'  the next moeting he would ask leave  lo introduce a tax levy bylaw and  also a tax rebate bylaw.  LEBRATIO!  UK. BLOCK  Work was started on Tuesday last  on a new business block on Bridge  street, between Second and Third  streets. It will be erected by Mrs.  J. A Smith, and when completed  will be occupied by Lequime &  Smith's hardware Btore. It will be  a one storey block, 30x110 feet,  with a stone basement under tbe  entire building. The store will  have a 14-foot ceiling, which will be  of ample height to allow of balconies  being constructed in the rear and on  the sides. The contract calls for the  completion of the building by tbe  1st,of September, but it is expected  that it will be ready for occupancy  at a much earlier date.  Mr. and Mrs. McCurrach and son,  of Greenwood, visited friends in this  city over Sunday.  All free miners' certificates must  be renewed on or before -the 31st  inst. ���������  .The Victoria day celebration in  this,cityiast Monday'was-a de'cidpd  success, from'every- viewpoint.^ 'The  attendauce���������from the city-and ,-valley and outside points���������was satisfactory, and in spite of the dampness of the -weather, tbe program  was carried out in its entirety. To  be laconic, thepeople had an enjoyable day's outing.  The following were the winners in  the athletic sports on First street:  Young ladies' egg and spoon race,  50 yards���������First prize, Ensign camera,  value$6, donated by Lake studio,won  by Agnes Stafford; second prize, box  of candy, won by Margary Hoover.,  100 yards'dash���������First prize, $2 50,  won-by E. Stanaway; second prize,  $1.00, won by C. McLeod.  Relay   race, four men   to   team���������  First, $4.00, won by McLeod's team  Three-legged    race���������First,   $2.50,  won by McLeod and partner;   second,  $1.00, won by Jordan and Gill,  Girls' race, under 15, 50 yards���������  First prize, $1.00, won by Maud Cunningham; se ond prize, 50c, Edith  Coryell; third prize, 25c, Merle Herr.  Boys' race, under. 10, 100 yards���������  First, $1.00, Win?-Nelson"; second.'50c,  VV. T. Kurhoff.  Boys' sack ��������� race, 50- yards���������First.  $1.00,.Ed Mcllwaihe; - second, 50c,  Willie Meikle.  Girls' race, under 10, 50 yards���������  First, $1.00, Mary- Miller, second.  50c|* F. Latham;- third: ' 25c, A.  Schliehe  -Girls' three legged race. 50 yards���������  First, $1.00, G. Morrison and Muriel  Spraggett; st-c-nd, 50c, M. Herr and  Mildred Hutton; thiid, 25c, Edith  Coryell and Gladys Rashlesgq  Boys' slow bicycle race, 50 yards���������  First, $1.00, Joe Gallipeau; second,  75c, Walter Larsen.  Members of the Grand Forks company of -the 54th battalion opened  the afternoon's program with a demonstration of how trenches are captured. The attacking force lined up  some distance from the trench and- advanced in skirmishing order, firing  rounds of -blank, ammunition, as they  .advanced. They maneuvers were well  executed, and the spectators eujoy.d  the exhibition very much. The company, also put on physical drill and  some target practice.  The baseball' game was won by  Grand Forks by a score of 6 to 4.  Sloan pitched good ball for the home  team and retired many of the opposing batters by the strike out route.  Whitehead pitched steady ball for the  visitors, but he was not very well  supported by the balance of the team.  Pitts was the star of the game, making two sensational catches. The  line up;  Grand Forks���������Green, c; Sloan, p;  Haverty, lb; Baumgartner, 2b; Porter, 3b; McLeod, ss; Keefe, rf; Hunt,  cf; MeLeod, If.  Nelson���������Leach, c; B. Whitehead,  p; W. A. Curran, lb; K. Wilkinson,  2b; It. Whitehead, 3b; H. H. Pitts,  ss; McKim, rf; P. Bard, cf; J. Ferguson, If.  Both teams played good ball in the  14 poinis. During the second period  the visitors put up a good game, but  they were unable to overcome the bisc  lead made by Grand Forks in the first  period. . ,The line up:  ' Grand Forks���������Forwards, Lee and  A. E Graham;.centre, W. A. Curran;-  guards, Hunt and  McQuarrie.  Nelson���������Forwards,., H.*   H.. Pitts  'and-J. B. Sutherland;-centre, J-. Ferguson ;'������uards, C. E. Armbrister*-and  H. Ferguson.  After the basketball game a dance  was held in the opera house.  The out.of-town visitors were well  pleased with the program, and those  in charge of the celebration were congratulated for ��������� the able manner in  which the whole affair was conducted.  The following is a summary of the  financial statement, prepared by the  celebration committee:'  RECEIPTS  Public subscriptions $155.00  Concessions       10.00  Gate receipts at grounds      250.50  Grandstand receipts      17 70  Basketball game receipts.-     36.15  Dance receipts     85 00  S  WILL RES  Total % $5.4.35  DISBURSEMENTS.  Advertising..-.-..."! ' __..$ 65.75  Guarantee to-Nelson  200 00  Expenses fixing grounds..."..,..'     5 50  Prizes  52.00  Rent of dance hall, music     54.95  Football  and   basketball ex-  pentes...*  13.05  Sundry expenses  4.45  Secretary's expehses ...:  10.00  Suspense expenses.'  8.65  To Football club   20.00  To baseball club  20.00,  To Basketball club'....': :  '.10.00'  To board of trade  20.00  To Patriotic fund  60.00  To G. F. Co, 54th battalion.. 20.00  Total $564 35  Reports from New York state that  the British Columbia Copper company, the operating subsidiary of  the^.Canada Copper Corporation, will-  resume production from the Mother  Lode ^mine, the .oldest developed  property, and will blow in the  Greenwood smelter, idle since August^ 1914, between June 20* and  arid July 1. It is estimated that  the 'company can produce blister  copper, from its own ores for "Hi  cents the pound, and that if cus  torn ores carrying a sufficient quantity of fluxing elements can be secured the production cost can -be  reduced not less than a cent a  pound.  The manager of tbe British Columbia Company passed through  Grand Forks on Tuesday last, on his  way to Rossland,where he had a conference with L. A. Campbell, manager of the -West'Kootenay Power  company. ' He confirmed the statement that the Greenwood' smelter  would be blown in in the near fu  ture, but "he was unable to set a  definite date.  OF THE CITY  W. E. Hadden and E. W. Stew  art attended the twenty-sixth .annual convention of the Grand Lodge  of Knights of Pythias in Rossland  on Wednesday as delegates from the  local lodge. A special train with  about forty knights and"."dokies"  aboard left the city Wednesday  noon for the convention. They returned home yesterday morning,  rather sleepy, hut supremely happy,  because they .said they had'had a  royal time.  METEOROLOGICAL  s    - The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Mia.l    Mux.  May 21���������Friday  52 56  22���������Saturday   .... 46 59  23���������Sunday, 44 66  24���������Monday  50 64  25���������Tuesday  42 59  26���������Wednesday .. 41 67  27-Thursday  48 74  Inches  Rainfall  -.  0.84  football game, and the contest was  swift throughout. Neither team was  able to. penetjate its opponent's defense, and the game ended with honors even.  In the evening, in the opera house.  Grand Forks emerged victorious in a  fast basketball game by 2 points, the  final score being 27 to 25.   The home  The new . Panadian Pacific railway passenger schedule, effective  next Monday, May 30, provides for  connection with the Kettle Valley  line at Midway. The train from  Nelson will arrive in Grand Forks  at 12:25 p.m. on Mondays, Wednes  days and Fridays, h rom the coast  the trains will arrive here at 4:05 p.  rn. on Tuesdays Thursdays and  Saturdays. All trains will include a  dining car, and stops will only be  made for the transfer of baggage and  passenger.]  into effect, the mails intended for  transmission over that road ' wi I  close as - follows at the loc d post  office: Gowing west, 11:45 a.m.;  going east, 3:15 p.m.  Harry Broflier,. of Rice, Wash,,  aud Miss Ruth Evers Collier, of  Spokane, were married at the Knox  church manse on Tuesday last, Rev.  M. D. McKee performing the ceremony. The couple will make tbeir  home at Rice, Wash.  The Daughters of the Empire tendered the Grand Forks members of  the 54th battalion a luncheon in the  Davis hall on Wednesday evening.  All the soldiers availed themselves  of the invitation to be present and a  very dainty repast was served.  Word was received in the city this  week that Sergt. H. Broad, who left  Grand Forks with the second contingent, and who is now a member  of the thirtieth battalion, had been  wounded in action in a recent battle  in France.  Charles Mudge oh Tuesday received a cablegram from England  saying that his son, Montague F.  Mudge, of the 7th battalion, Is a  prisoner of war in Germany. He  was reported as having been killed  in a recent battle in Flanders.  ill's residence made by contract. He  Nelson on Victoria day.  Jim Marshall, of the Stratbcona,  was one of the tall figures here from j team took the lead early in the  game  Fred Kaiser died in Spokane a  few days ago. Years ago he ran an  hotel in Eholt, and was well known  in this city.  On and after next Monday, when  We are not really in need of any  more rain at present. A little sunshine would be acceptable.  and at the end of the first half led by  ihe new schedule on the C.P.R. goes once.  The Sun has received from the  entomological branch of the department of agriculture. Ottawa, a  treatise on the army-worm. If the  army-worm is as bad as the army  shoe, an investigation  is   needed  at ./^_wv/__i������s^i___flj^/.--^^  THE-  SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  a_M-P������H-������--jM-MM-M  "Scraps of Paper"  Where  Contracts  i:,  Canada  A������-e   Regarded   as   "Scraps   of   Paper"  Below is another timely a,_cl pointed article that appeared in a recent  issue of the Post:  Several Canadian provinces at the  present time have before them proposed legislation that, If enacted, will  abrogate contract rights. A hill iu the  Ontario house .proposed to A make it  necessary for a lender to get the permission of a judge before he can exercise his'right under a contract. In  .Manitoba a measure is proposed that  will make it impossible to enforce'the  collection of interest on loans for  some years. British Columbia has a  similar measure ia view aud the  executive of the Saskatchewan government has been"*given authority to  interfere with contracts as between  lender and borrower. Those measures  are all wrongly, if uot wilfully, attributed lo the war. ~ * ;"*'  In addition to this inexcusable'^invasion of the rights under .loan con-  , tracts there is an evident tendency  to turther encroach upon the. contracts between buyers and' sellers of  insurance.' The provident- man, humanely seeking to mitigate the suffering that would attend his dependents  if some untoward occurrence incapacitated him, contracts with an insurance company on consideration of  certain periodical, payments, to pay  to them an allowance, or a stipulated  sum. This sacred contract���������the expression of the provident man's-realization of his first duty���������is wantonly  invaded under, the mask of war's necessity.  We- must have revenue���������ever more j  and more of it���������is the plea o' the poli- j  licians.- On this point no one will dis-'  agree with them. But this condition  cannot he honestly attributed to the  war. Provinces, and the Dominion  itself, are guilty of being parties to,  and likewise victims of,' the s'atur-  nalia of inflation and speculation of  some years, the magnitude of ,which  and its penalties are now being realized. Expenditures expanded and  revepues were buoyant so long as the  purses ol* Europe were open, to us. It  is now essential that our' expenses be  paid out of our own revenues and not  by borrowed money. No taxes have  /yet been imposed as a result of th'e  war and politicians making such  "claims and at such a time deserve no  better appellation than that of "political charlatans." "    .'  Instead of reducing the expenditure  ���������-the'-growth of which, has been so  gross���������encroachments are now being  ���������made on the rights of citizens and investors  as agreed to  under contract  and as sanctioned by the law -'Of the  state. A very large proportion of the  expenditure on public administration  is due to the saturnalia of speculation  ol! the past few years.   If the attempt  is made to maintain;the rate of expenditure incident, to years  cE  inflation after and during the process of  deflation, greater trouble will ensue.  So far no.provincial treasurer has announced   drastic   economics   such   as  have been-effected in".the commercial  and   financial   establishments   of. the  nation.    The  tendency has  been "to  keep things going" by additional taxation, thus asking the public to make  greater   contributions   out   of purses  steadily  becoming leaner.   What has  been done by the units of the nation  ���������the citizen, or by groups of citizens,  as business units���������can be done by the  respective governments���������that is, drastically cut down expenditure.    When  ..this is done there will still be needed more revenue, but -whatever measures may be resorted to, to obtain it,  would be more acceptable to the public if along with them was submitted  tangible evidence of entrenchment.  In procuring tlie needed reveuue it  is not necessary to despoil, impair or  abrogate rights under contracts made  under conditions specifically allowed  by our own law.  In the case of Manitoba, which wc  use, here   to  instance  tlio  effects  of  mofatoria, lenders are to be prohibited from enforcing collections of interest  or  principal  for  a   very  lengthy  period.    The necessity /or this action  cannot be attributed to the war.;-That  province  is still agricultural,  and  at  no time have prices for ils chief products been higher. Us last year's crop  was not exceptionally poor in Volume,  ,and  in value  it, was,  thanks  to ',the  war,   equal  to   that   of  the  previous  year.   War'soflened somewhat the effects of the process of deflation which  set  in -previous  to   the   war.    What  justification therefore, remains for the  proposed     measure    which  seeks  to  lake   away   rights   under     coulract?  The honest borrower does not ask i'or  ���������a moratorium as .it is  his des're  to  fulfil  to  the.,, letter the "terms  of  Ills  contract.   If he can't, and his inability  can legitimately be laid at the  door  of the "war, it would be a simple matter to change the law and give him  power to ask a judge for a stoppage  of foreclosure proceedings.. A-change  -to" this effect would save some farmers   and   working   men   from   "being  turned  out  of homes to  which  they  had become  attached,  but It  should  not relievo the" speculator, of the crop  of trouble of'his  own  sowing.    The  party   seeking   relief  should  initiate  the action to obtain it, and it should  only be given to him for causes legitimately  attributable  to  the  war  and  not to inordinate speculation  Instead of taking this course certain  provincial politicians are seeking to  take away .the rights of on. party  to a contract and relieve the- other  of his obligation without being called  upon to make any explanation. No  lender should be allowed to harass the  estate of the man" handling" a .rifle  in his country's defence, but no^lend-  er should" be forced to accommodate  ,'the speculator arid booms'ter to.  whose activities the country's present troubles are principally due. The  course being pursued is already undermining the credit of the couhtry  and very properly leaves with the investor abroad, so arduously courted  for many years, the impression that  Canadians have not the candour or  courage to face their debts." Instead  of doing so, they are creating obstacles against the greatest ally���������the  purse of Great* Britain's investors���������  'and ms some instances, notably Manitoba^ deprive .the latter even of the  privilege of being lenienj. with their  debtors.  Borrowerer- in the main still ignore  moratoriums. The latter cannot deter"  the man .who respects the contract he  is a party to from complying with his  obligation. Most of the careful and  prudent loaning corporations have ���������  selected their borrowers, and they are  talcing care of their loans. When their  borrowers have met with misfortune  they have-been given relief. There  may be cases, however, where undue  and unnecessary pressure is being exerted, to collect. Give the debtor a  chance to state his case. No reputable  company would object. But it is not  necessary: to suspend all loan contracts to accommodate. a very small  minority.;  Saving of Calais  ���������without flurry,.only,to be mown down  in thousands by rifle and gun. One  moment there was a solid advancing  mass of Germans, and the next there  was still a mass of Germans, but they  were farther *<iway, while between  them and the British was a carpet of  grey heaps. Agaiii the Germans came  on, climbing and stumbling over those  grey <heaps. The carpet became thicker, but no living enemy readied that  lead spurting trench' and at last'the  Kaiser's soldiers fell back to cover.  The British held their line, "but at  terrible cost; scores - lay dead, and  there was "scarcely a i-unwounded man  in tlie whole line ,of trench. The  Welsh regiment in the.centre had suffered heavily..- Reinforcements from  tha scant 'rese.rve behind the chateau  were hurried into the trencn, and then  the German shellinj; commenced over-  agaiu. The day wore on, men fell  left and righr, and as yet there was no  sign of tlie Worcester regiment. Towards- dusk the Germans could be  seen massing for another attack, and  thc British troops prepared for a final  stand; there wo: o no more reserves,  and "if the Germans but -persisted iu  their attack nothing could stop them.  The full fury was .directed at 'the centre of the line* held bj'-the Welsh-regiment. ^ Ho.rdc upon horde of Germans  press.*! forward'.r- Hundreds fell as,  they advanced, but where one fell-two  filled his place. .Right up to'the trench  they came; right u_> and in. Then it.1  was cold steel. The Welshriien fought  desperately, -dying rather than give  ground, .but weight of numbers told,  and as night fell the enemy commanded the trench from .the center.' No  quarter'was given to the British. Savagely the Prussians stabbed- about  them. -Bayonets" v/ere - thrust into  dead and living, and many ah English  soldier, but wounded by a Prussian  bullet, was murdered by a Prussian  bayonet. ���������     -   ���������    ��������� ,  On the left the 'Scots Guards still  held their line.'and "on the,right the  Queen's were at bar, and" before the  enemy could advance theyhad first to  deal with these gallant- remnants of  gallant regiments. -But now the Wor-  cesters had arrived. An officer of the  South Wales Borderers, the old '2'4th,  which gained undying fame at Rorke's  Drift, had at -great risk to himself  fdund and guided the Worcester, to  the hard fought-field. Tr.e iO.-iglishmen  were only three companies st/on?, but  these scarce- 500 men charged right  through the shot-swept , streets of  Gheluvel, right up. to.the lost trenches  almost into the heart of-the German  host; and' the Germans turned 'and  fled���������fled when the odds at this moment were more-than 20 to one in  their favor,, and fleeing lost for, ever  their chance of breaking through-to  Calais. Had they withstood that desperate charge, had they i:i turn borne  down upon' the' Englishmen, sheer  weight of numbers would haye carried them through to the Calais road.  But they fell back���������back behind their  original position, and . were never  again able to break the'British line.  Of the 500 AVorcesters who went to  the charge but 200 unwounded men  answered to the roll when the field  was won, and of the 2,400 British,  soldiers hale and whole when morning broke but 800 lived'to tell oC the  great fight. .  1  1  i  '    1  c-J J  ANY BRANDS OF "BAKING  POWDER CONTAIN ALUM WHICH  IS' AN INJURIOUS ACID. THE IN-  OREDIENTS OF, ALUM BAKING  POWDER ARE SELDOM- PRINTED  ON THE LABEL. IF THEY ARE.'THE  ALUM IS USUALLY REFERRED TO  AS SULPHATE O.F ALUMINA' OR  S.ODIC   ALUMINIC   SULPHATE'.  MAGIC   BAKING- pOWD.ER  CONTAINS-   NO    ALUM  THE    ONLY    WELL-KNOWN     MEDIUM-  P.R'ICED'  BAKING'   POWDER    MADE    IN  THAT  ^DOES ".NOT -.CONTAIN    ALUM.  AND    WHICH    HAS   ALL'ITS.  INGREDIENTS  PLAINLY    STATED    ON    THE    LABEL.-     '���������'    .  COMPANY  LIMITED  MONTREAL.  :fl  SopiefHints, ������������������_..    '  \ *��������� -'.vFbr. Travellers!  Smut- in Grains  A   Little  Sleeping   Car-  Prolongation of the War  with the  warning  the Ger-  He . says  Shampoos followed by occx-  sional dressings of Cuticura  Ointment. These super-  creamy emollients do much  for dry, thin and falling hair,  dt-idrnffi and itching scalps,  and do it speedily, agreeably  and economically. {  Samples Free by Mall  rutleiira Soap untl Ointment sold throughout th������  world. Liberal rnimplo of ouch mailed free, with fl2-p.  took. Add:cis VCutloura," Dopt. K, lioston. U.S.A.  W. N. U. 1048  How  the. British  Barred the  Kaiser's  Road  Although some time has elapsed,  only now is it possible to tell the  story of how eight hundred British  soldiers barred the Kaiser's road to  Calais; how fewer than five hundred  English linesmen charged right into  the mouth of a veritable inferno, and  drove back a twenty times stronger  force of Germans, v The story is'told  by an officer who is but now recovering from a wound received on that  day at the end of October, when -,'100_  men,of the British army held the viPi  lage, of Gheluvelt, on the road to  Ypres, against.. -'1,000 of the War  Lords' hordes. -  The British troops consisted of the  sorely thinned battalions of the Scots  Guards, the South Wales Borderers,  and the Welsh and Queen";-, Regiments  which held hastily constructed  trenches across the front of Gheluvelt  yillage. Every British soldier knew  that' thc position had to be held at all  costs, for once the line was broken  there was nothing to stop the I-Iuns'  march on Calais. Reinforcements had  ben-*promised; the YVorcesters were  on their way, but even then the odds  would be nine to one.  .From long before down the battle  raged. Men fell not by ones and twos  jut by dozens, but those who survived  were as steady as if on parade. There  was no random firing. At last the  shelling ceased, and there was a stir  in the German ranks. Now the British  knew that the time of their inactivity  was passed���������now they could take toll  of the enemy���������avenge their comrades  who lay stark and stiff around. On  the Germans came without fuss and  Duty of Canada Is To See Tha."Britain  Does Not Suffer From;Lack, of  v -Foodstuffs -���������';���������;  The official Eye Witness  British^army has issued a  against the suggestion that  mans are a beaten nation,  that they are still .well organized, have  abundant, resources, are fed up with  illusions, and are still confident of ultimate success.. No intimation was  needed of the magnitude of the task  that is before the Allies, but, if there  i, were', this surely supplies it. In addiction there is also vidid indication that  the area of. the war will spread in the  near future, and that countries now  experiencing unrest in their attitude  of- neutrality will break in on one sid<?  or the other. This, of. courserirteans  further withdrawals from agricultural  and industrial activity. It also indicates greater, shortage in Europe of  all kinds of foodstuffs, grain, vegetables and live stock and -of horses.  This depletion will have to be made  up from countries that are enjoying  the blessings of peace. One of these  is Canada. It is our bounden duty to  see that Britain shall not, as far as  preventable suffer from a lack of foodstuffs or of such other useful material  as this couhtry can produce. In otiier  words, both men and women are called upon to put forth their best efforts so that when the linn arrives  any deficiency can readily lie met.  The accomplishment of this does not  necessarily imply extra labor, but it  does particularly suggest more care in  preparation of the soil and in the selection of seed, and in attention to the  breeding and rearing of live stock. Towards this end the conference pro-  moled in connection with tlie Patriotism and Production'campaign and the  bulletins, pamphlets, records and reports that are to be had an application to the Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa, will  greatly help.  Willis���������What are you worrying  about? Didn't the a������ent who sold you  the lot guarantee it was only a gunshot from the station?  Gillis���������Yes, but" I was reading this  morning that the Germans have guns  that carry twenty miles.  Etiquette   For  ]   _.������.. Patrons -������������������"'.     ���������" .  -  The  following  communication   was  recently  addressed   to   the  editor  of  the. Montreal. Gazette:  Sir,���������Many'years' experience-of the  petty amio>ances caused, by the minority composed'of thoughtless, as we'll  as .selfish, persons travellingjin 'sleeping *car's has-caii^.d me to-write tne  fouowing," which may-.-indirce-'ayfew at  least of the offenders to reform:'  -The necessarily small space-'in.'a  sleeping- car-in -comparison with* an  hotel suggests--that the greatest comfort to the sleeping car traveller will  result from a fair regard .for -the  rights and feelings of ethers by all  sleeping car travellers.  So   long  as  passenge.rs    desire  to  have   their    clothes   brushed .with  a  whisk, thc space in the passage way"  at either end of  proper place for  cur. The ' sleeping car company  instructions to the porters require  them to ask passengers to go to the  aisle at the end of t. e car if desiring to  be brushed. Porters are : ler.ly human  therefore differ in tneir obedience to  orders.- Every traveller ca~ assist in  the "observance -of this rule (which'  was ma'de for the general good) and  prevent annoyance to other" passengers. If the public want" the" brushing  practice Lo cease altogether,  edy is in their possession.  The combined lavatory and smoking  room'is necessarily-limited in capacity, and at the time in the morni::g  when it has to be used as a lavatory  it is not intended to be used at all rs  fellows^a chaqce of some room.  Don't- smoke in this    room in the  early  morning when the  other later  risers, than  you  are  obliged   to  perform their toiletsr'You can defer your  smoke.   You are in the, way and mere-'  ly: an, "annoyance to the majority, and  show a selfish disregard for the rights  of others.    Under present conditions,,  get up late once in, a well l-lled car:  and your one experience* of the man  in the seat smoking will show    you  what  other people  think about  your  case $������ other times.  Doii't-bring in your suit case to this  room." Use a toilet "hold-all." Many  men do.- You can.. Give 'the other  fellows a cahnce of some room.  Don't .whisk your clothes in this  room if other persons are present.  They don't want to breathe your dust.  They merely consider you are wanting in "good manners.  Don't get up late and shave, if by  so doing you.discomfort others. No  one objects to a man shaving if he  does not interfere unreasonably with  other men who want merely to wash  their face and hands, etc.  The instant you have finished your  toilet, get out of th'e room. You have,  no further rights there while the other  men require the room as, a lavatory.  They are. anxious to see you go as  quickly as you can. Don't slay in this  room and crowd the later risers'".  Don't whistle anywhere in a sleeping car. Your alleged music pleases  only you. .No one else wants to hear  it. Most men think the whistle a  nuisance.  Don't talk loudly in the body of  the car whan most people have retired to sleep. The others have paid  for as quiet a rest as such travelling  affords. Their enly interest iu your  conversation is to wish you were  elsewhere.  After 0 a.m. usually the smoking  room is in use almost entirely for  smoking ,purposes. Those who are  not sniok'ing should not occupy "the  room tc the exclusion of those desiring to smoke.  AN OLD" TRAVELLER.  mple Treatment .^VVill Prevent the  ,_ v' Continuance of This .Pest , .  - It is~escimated that the field loss in  the-United.States '-due to'" smut,  amounts to over 35 million dollars au;  u'ally. A proportionate loss'in Canada  would be from1 nine to twelve million  'dollars.        * .        .     -.  ���������',' '"  Out of ihe 500 farmers In-Quebec  and the Maritime/Provinces visited by  ���������representatives^!! IhoCommfssicn of  Conservation, only three were"found  to be treating their seed grain- tor'  smut. .In' Ontario, 23 nar cent.,"/and  in the Prairie.Provinces'about 90 per  cent., were found, to treat their seed  grain". The losses' from - this 'source  are .much greater than imagined by  the fanner, and7 even If only a small  amount of smut was present in last  year's crop, it ��������� will pay to treat tlie  grain before-sowing it this spring.  Several methods. have_.been devised  to control'the various forms of smut,  the car is the only) but, as the formalin treatment is the  this practice to oc- I cheapest, simplest and mos, effective  for stinking smut of wheat, smut of  oats,-and covered smut of barley when  properly us.u, it will be described.  The commercial (40 per cent.) formalin is used in solution with water at  the rate ot one*pint (1 lb.) to forty  gallons. The grain to be treatea.-  shoiild be" spread'out upon" a clean  floor, or cahyas, in a layer two or three  inches thick. .The' solution is-then  sprinkled'over it. An ordinary sprinkl-  the'rem-iing can or small spray pump'is useful  for this purpose. The .grain-should  be shovelled or raked over during  sprinkling to insure-that evory grain  is thoroughly wettt-d. After this, the  grain is shoveled into a close pile and  covered with canvas oi->oIrl sacks to  hold in the'fumes of theformalin. The.  grain should remain in the covered  pile for from eight to ten hours, after  which it must be spread out thin so  as to dry without .proutin;;. One gallon, of solution is sufficient; for a  bushel of grain.  After  drying,   the   seed  planted at' once or stored  use.    Here it is important  ber" that the seed may .become  .fested  from old sacks,  bins  or  f'H  may be  for future  to rem em-  re-in-  even '  the drill itself. Everything, . therefore, which comes in contact with the  grain after it is treated should be first  thoroughly disinfected.' with - a strong  formalin'solution;' Commercial formalin usually co-its from twenty-five to  fifty cents a pound; (pint). If the grain  is planted before'it is completely dry,  enough mora should be sown to com-"  pensate for the increase in size of the  aeed through swelling. .  In treating stinking-smut of wheal  it Is ber': to immerse the grain so thai  the smut balis can be skimmed.off.���������  1-.-.C.N.���������-."'   .     .'/ ' ':  An English school teacher recently  gave his pupils a lecture on patriot- >  i.m. lie pointed out the high.motives,  which moved the Territorials-to leave  their homes and fight for their country. The "school teacher noticed that  one boy did net pay attention to the  instruction, and as a test question he  asked him: "What motives took the  Territorials to the v/ar?" The boy was  puzzled for a moment, then, remembering the public "send off" to the  local regimen', at th. railway station,  he  replied:   "Locomotive?,  r'v."  Feeding men is something to blush  for���������nobody boasts that his ancestor  was in the commissary department!  Grandfather's sword is a priceless  treasure. But for Heaven's sake don't  mention Great-grandfather's bread  waggon.  "Farm produ'jc cost more than,  they used to." ������j  "Yes,"��������� i\\piled the farmer, "wiien  a farmer is supposed to know the  botanical name of what he's raisin'  an' the zoological name of the insect  that eats it, and the chemical name,  of what will kill it, somebody's got  to pay."  Drowning No "Bother to Them  Old Gentleman (who has just fin  ished reading an accouut of a shipwreck with loss of passengers and all  hands)���������Ha! I am sorry for the poor  sailors that were drowned.  Old Lady���������Sailors! It isn't the sailors���������it's the passengers I am sorry  for.    The sailors aro used '.o it.  are enjoyed by those in good health.  The perfect digestion, clear system,  and pure blood upon which sound  health depends, will be given you by  largest Sa!o of Any Medicine in tho World  i      gold everywhere.   Ia boxes, 25 cent* _^ -  l  THERE'S A  TYPE FOR EVERY PURPOSE.  SEE THE DkAlER ffHBT   SUN,   &RAND   FORKS,   B. C,  ���������  \  A GOOD CHEW IN A "CLEAN WRAPPER.  10 CENTS PteR PLUG  'YoprXiyer./ '-���������' -  is���������Clogged,, up. ���������".-  That's Why You're Tired���������Out of  Sorts���������Have no Appetite.*  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS,  .will put you right  ia a few days.  They do  their duty.  Cure  Constipation, ,__ ������rvim  Biliomness, Indigestion, and Sick Headache.^  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price."  Genuine must beat Signature  A Market to Retain  Weed Seeds in Soils  Mrs. Wiseneigjibour Says  "I should have told you the other"  day' when we were'  speaking - of  -EDDV'S WASHBOARDS that'it is  "quite as necessary to. hate.an In-  "d'urated*Fibrewr.re Tub"in''which  to'lwash the clothes, 11 you,want  to-make a success of wash day."  Mrs. Newlywetk Says  "_ "I've often" heard ot EDDY'S  FIBREWARE PAILS-AND TUBS.  What's ."the ��������� difference between  fibre '.and wodde'uware?"       _-  "EDDY'S PAILS AND TUBS are  made from compressed fibre baked  at extreme heat All -in one solid  piece.   Cannot warp or fall apart.  "No" chance of splintn-s.- Wear  longer, look better and are very  light'to handle. The latter .point  should always, be a matter of consideration   when  buying    kitchen  ' utensils", concludes . Mrs. Wise-  neighbour.  GLOVES -AND MITTS      -  .Union Made  FIT," QUALITY and WORKMANSHIP  OUR MOTTO  Samples sent your dealer on request.  R. G. LONG & CO., LIMITED, Toronto  fE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Nol. W.2. HA  HERAPIONS^M  (peat i.cctss,'.cures chronic weakness, lost vigor  ������ VIU. KIDNEY,   BLADDER, DISEASES, BLOOD   POISON,  PILES.   EITII-R NO.'DRUOGISTSorMAILgl. POST ������ CTS  VOUGEKA CO. 90. BEEKMAN ST. II BW YORK or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO.   WRITE FOR FREE BOOR TO DR. LE C_S%C  y.D.CO.HAVERSTOCKRD. HAMPSTCA0. LONDON. BNO.  TRY NEW PKAIJgK (TASTELESS) FORHOF    _ASY TO TAK8  _   _-. ��������� _���������_. n h    SA-- AHD  -ASTIN- CURB.  Immense    .Importation    of; Canadian  Produce   by   Great   Britain  ���������\ In 1914 Britain imported Canadian  produce in excess of 191.'to the value  ot '������4,652,000. and  in' excess  oC 1912,  ot ?22,690,000.    For  the last quarter  ol! 1914 the excess over tlie same per- ,  iod in the previous year was nine and j  a half millions.   Tliese figures surely j  furnish  soni.  idea of  the    necessity j  there is for further production. ' To' j  retain the "market, Canada must, have ������  the  goods.    To  have  the goods  she  must  cultivate  the -best.    It  is -this  great and important'-doctrihe that the  Patriotism and Production campaign  'is instilling, and that the publications  issued by the department of agriculture are intended to'impress and further.    Any of this litcratuic  can  be  had by sending a post free application  to ttlie  Publications  Branch,  Department of Agriculture,, Ottawa, saying  what is  wanted. -'A. list of upwards  of :fwo   hundred   publications    from  which tor choose yi\ll be forwarded on  request. ,; -"..-.       '  '��������� Relieves Asthma at Little Expense.  Thousands of dollars have .been vainly spent upon remedies for asthma  aud seldom, ifs-ever, with any relief.  Dr. J. D." Kellogg's Asthma Remedy,  despite its assurance of benefit, costs  so little that it is withiri-reach of all.  It is the national reemdy for asthma,  far removed from the class of doubtful and experimental preparations.  Your dealer can supply at.  Tlie corporal was much better at  his drill than_ at grammar, says the  Manchester Guardian,-but the defect  did not worry him in the' -slightest.  He had just sharply ordered his men  to "mind them spaces,' now," when  the smiling lieutenant observed:  "Why 'them- spaces,' corporal?"  '.. "Well, sir," if I said 'distances' about  'arf of 'em "wouldn't understand me,"  he explained simply.  Who will win In this war? -An English bishop, after the Yankee fashion  and with a- marked touch of the Yankee wit, answered this question by  asking-.'"Who won the San Francisco  earthquake ?"���������Providence   Journal.  ' There is :'ihbr_' catarrh in this section  of tha, country than all other diseases  put together, and until the last tew  years "was supposed to be incurable.  For a great many years doctors- pronounced It a local disease and prescribed  local remedies, and by constantly ratlins  to cure with local .-" treatment, pronounced it Incurable. Science has  proven Catarrh to ba a constitutional  disease/ and thereforo requires constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure,  manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co.,  Toledo, Ohio. Is the only Constitutional  cure on. the market. . It is taken Internally-in doses from 10 drops to a toa-  spoonful It acts directly .on the blood  and mucous surfaces of the system.  They offer one hundred dollai-3 for any  case It fails to'cure. Send for circulars  and   testimonials.  Address:- F. J. CHENEY & CO.,' Toledo," Ohio  Sold  by  DiUEKsts,   75c.  Take "Hall's Family Fills for constipation.  The    Importance  of  Short   Rotations  Good Cultivation  ��������� The presence of weed seeds in soils  under different systems of culture  and cropping should be suggestive to  farmers. An investigation being" conducted by the Seed Branch, OUawa,-  shows a sod field which had been in  hay or pasture for six years to contain 197183 weed seeds in a surface  square yard one inch deep, 8,912 in  the same- volume of soil at a depth  from two to three inches and 4,:J09 at  a depth- five to seven inches. Another  field which had been .under a good  system of cultivation and ^rotation  contained 4,984 weed seeds in the surface soil and 3,020 in each of the  other depths. The concentration of  seeds in thc surface layer the sod field  may be' explained by. weeds being allowed to reproduce themselves from  years to- year. Information as to the  percentage vitality of weed seeds at  the different depths is not yet complete, but a large number ,of the surface seeds in the case of the sod field  are vital. This investigation indicates  the importance of short rotations,  good cultivation and prevention of  weeds going to seed. Other important  methods of weed control are summer  ploughing of sod lands followed by  frequent autumn cultivation to destroy growing weeds thorough cultivation Curing the growing season of  hoed crop's- and after-harvest cultivation of cereal crops which have not  been seeded doAvn..  To Avoid Fire Risk  to  o  Ell THAT TFADB  MARKED WORD 'THERAPION:'^ISI OH  _J_i;_OVMTA)������ AKFU-D TO ALL GBNUiHBPACKXTB.  Tumors, Lupua cured without knife or I  pain. All work Bii.ranleed.g^.^jJ** |  DR. WILLIA.MS, Spn-tal <it on 'Cmnctr,   j  -905 Unireralbr Avo. S. If. Minucmolis, limn.  |  ffl_TWfrja"irfl-fTYtT"' TffTI���������'  AOll'u YfiMti t������ WrlU Hall Inturinc*  rpi Tlit C__da VYvTtffcor InaurancA Co.  fli.Yru of Yl'tltlna 1������ tfto Wot Vor  *)������������lHil9lt<������ivn AKntldr. Awly Doiain-  M finance Unified, tftrt.'C.. )Iaatmon4  1**6. UtU> Jd*.   for ManltrtivUHJv.. .  *"" *,p_r^ w.^-..-^?r' "V'-M  ������������  WW*-.  \VlfBlpif.-  "What's the idea of using the pronoun 'we' so often in your article?"  "Well," replied the editor;"it's ji  matter of self portcction.In'case any  body takes offence I want to sound as  much as possible T.lce a crowd."  Skids���������Does your wife take an intelligent interest in the war?  Skittles���������Well, not especially so.  When I told her of the loss of the  U-15 she seemed to be under the impression it was a theatre seat."  Vitus  dance,    epilepsy    and \ s\wn\a be covered and inspected regu-  Fire Losses  Education in'Fire Prevention Gradually Showing Results  Canada is making headway In the  matter of reduction . of fire losses.  From reports of fire's" in Canada for  the two months, of 1915 a loss is  shown of $2,498,884 as against $5,717,-  061 for the same period-of 1914, or a  reduction of $3,218,177. This is' the  lowe'st fire -loss fo rover five" years.  Of the B81-. fires which occurred  in February, 1915, however, 364 took  place in dwellings, and the majority  of these originate^ fronj. easily nre-  ���������ventable; causes. Defective pipes and  flues are. well established as the  causes of the largest number of'fires.  Flues are defective in numerous ways  and even close .inspection may not  reveal a dangerous condition. Critical  examination is, in" most cases, impossible, as the'"construction is in itself  faulty, and a cold spell, with forcing  of" the' heating apparatus,-finds the  weak places.  "Teacher���������Yes, tho ruler of Russia  *is called6the Czar.   Now, what is the  ruler of Germany called?"   ,  Young Bill���������Please, mum,' I know  what me father called him, but I don't  like to .tell you.  ;vous Diseases ^  In The Spring  Cured by Toning the Blood  and Strengthening the  Nerves  -It is the opinion of the best medical  authorities, after long observation  that nervous diseases are more common :and.(-more serious in the spring  than at any other time of the year.  Vital changes^in the system, after long-  winter months', may cause-much more  trouble than the familiar spring weakness aud weariness from which most  people suffer as the result of indoor  life, in poorly ventilated and often  overheated buildings. Official records  prove, that..in April'and May neuralgia, St. Vitus dance, epilepsy and  other forms of nei'V'i troubles are at  their worst, and that then, more than  any other time, a blood making, nerve-  restoring tonic is needed.  The antiquated custom, of taking  purgatives in the spring is useless, for  the system really needs1 strengthening," while purgatives. only gallop  through the bowels, leaving you weaker. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are the  best medicine, for they actually make  the new, rich,"- red blood that, feeds  the starved nerves, -aud thus cure  the many forms of ^nervous disorders.  They -cure also such other forms of  spring troubles as headaches, poor appetite, weakness in the limbs, a's well  as remove unsightly pimples and  eruptions. In fact they unfailingly  bring new health and strength to  weak, tired and depressed men,  women and children.  ��������� Sold by all medi.ine dealers -or by  mail at 50 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr; Williams' Med-  ecine Co., Brockville, Ont.  I v4/ SE____JE_-B-SBB  M������IIM_-WMI-IM--.  V.  by a chronic disease common to womankind? You feol dull���������headachey? Backache, pains hero and there���������dizziness or  perhaps hot flashes? There's nothing you  can accomplish���������nothing you can enjoy!  There's no good reason for it���������because  you can And permanent relief in  ������R^ PIEHCE'S  Mrs. Fannie H. Brent, of Bryant, Nolson Co., Va., writes: "I believe I had  every pain and ache a woman could have, my back was weak, and I Buffered with  nervousness and could not sleep at night. Suffered with soreness in my right  hip. and every month would havo spells and have to stay in bed. I have taken  -ijjnt bottles of your 'Favorite Prescription' aud one vial of your 'Pleasant Pellets'.  Can now do my work for six in family, and feel like a new woman. ��������� think  it is thrf boat medicine in the world for women. I recommend it to all my frienda  and many of thorn havo been greatly benefited by it,.  BV. PIEIICE'S PLKASAWT PEWL  Relieve Mvex Ills)  Some   Hints   and   Suggestions   as  Fire   Protection,  A grc-.at many of the disastrous (ires  which occur are caused by the accumulation of rubbis.li in and aromul  premises. It is generally deposited in  places where It is most likely to cause  file, and where, in-the eveut of a fire  occurring, it would be most likely to  spread. The cost ot guarding against  the condition is small, while the neglect of same might prove very- sor;-  ous. ,  In the basement of some stores are  to be found hay, boxes, excelsior and  other inflammable- materials, having  no artificial light, clerks and occupants lighting matches on their visits  to the basement, by throwing the  lighted-matches amongst the hay and  other inflammable' materials. Frequently one finds the'family living on  the second floor-of such buildings and  a fire In the basement at night wouH'  jeopardize their, lives. *A little precau-  tion in guarding against fires in such  'buildings -frould be time and labor  well spent.  A word about -the use of -gasolia'o  in the home for cleaning. .Soap and  water with the aid of common washing soda will do all the household  cleaning that gasoline can possibly  do, and wearing apparel h better sent  to a cleaner, who will get better re"-  suits with, much less risk.  To the farmer: Fire on the farm is  greatly attributed to the result of  carelessness, faulty chimneys and  flues, unsafe stovepipes, smoking and  careless handling of matches, and too  often allowing an accumulation of  trash, grass, weeds "and other fire  breeders. Our farmers, - as well as  other citizens, should sit up and take  notice, "preventable fires should go."  Prevent fires by- cleaning ���������up in and  around the buildings. Do this- early  in.the spring,.before the heavy work  begins. 'It is -better ~tordo this than  "to mourn -over a fir-j loss afterwards  which would be the result of carelessness and neglect in a general "cleanup." Do not smoke in your barns or  other, buildings or allow it done brothers. A useful article to have on  the 'farm is buckets of 'water placed  around your barn and in the right  ���������place, fire buckets with rounded bottoms which on account of their shape  are inconvenient for general use, so  that they can be placed in a round  hole'cut "in'a shelf or bench;    they  Corns  sting-.right out  safe and sure  Corn Extractor,  per bottle.  Cure  Guaranteed  Never known to fall:  acts "without pain, in  24 hours. Is soothing,  healing; takes the  No remedy sc quick,  as; Putnam's -Painles9  Sold everywhere���������25o  \  The Seed Law  Regulations ..Governing , the Sale of  Seeds, For Protection pf Growers  WJth tho opening of the 1915 seed  trade seedsmen,- farmers and gardeners may wish to review the 'conditions under which sales may ba  made. The seed control act provides  that timothy,. aJjike, red clover and  alfalfa seed must not be put on sale  for the purpose , of seeding without  being plainly marked-with th'e grade,  namely: Extra "No. 1, No. 1-,'No. 2,  No. 3. Farmers-may-sell seed below  No., o quality only to dealers to.be  cleaned and brought up to grade. All  other grass, clover and forage- plant  seeds- and those vlof cereals'and'flax  must be marked in a plain and indelible manner with the. common  name or names of any noxious, weed  seeds present.  Seed of cereals, flax, grasses, clovers, forage plants, 'field roots and  garden vegetables must have a germination pf two-third: of the percentage: standard vitality for good  seed of the kind, or be marked with  the' percentage that are capable  of germinating. "Papered seeds" must  be marked with the year in whicb  the packet wa3 filled.  Representative samples of seeds  for purity and germination, tests.may  be sent to the Seed Branch, Ottawa.  Two ounces of grass seed, white-or  alsike 'clover,- four ouuees; of .-red  clover, alfalfa, . seed of like-size;  and one pound of cereals are desired. Samples under 8 ounces may be  sent without, postage and are tested  free of charge up to twenty-five in  number for each person or. firm.���������  S'eed Branch, Ottawa.  Smuts and Rusts of Grain Crops  It is estimated'that the losses sustained from smuts in Ontai'j? sraia  crops" amount to $2,720,000 annffally,  about two thirds of which occur in  oa(s? wheat heing tlie next greatest  sufferer.' To cope with this danger  Bulletin -'229, entitled "Smuts ��������� and  -Rusts of Grain Crops," prepared by  J. E. Howitt and R. E. Stone, has been  issued by the Ontario Department of  Agriculture, for free distribution to  those who may apply for it. This  very practical bulletin goes fully into  the caiis. and cure of- smuts and  rusts, and gives a number of ways of  treating seed grain in order to,avoid  or lessen injury to grain crops from  theso causes. Practical farmers will  hall it as a valuable adviser regarding relief from these two common  grain troubles.  Minard's Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  The .vicar of a mining village sent  a pair' ot boots to the cobbler's for  repairs, but Bill, who had been imbibing rather freely, felt- no inclination for work, "so the boots were not  touched that day, says Tit-Bits. Next  morning his nerves were rather  shaky, and he- longed for a "hair of  the dog that bit. him." His own boots  were rather dirty, so he*thought there  was.no harm, in putting on, the parson's, which he accordingly did; and  turned off Into the village pub for a  big "receiver." He had not gone very  far when whom did he meet but the  vicar, who said, "I sent my boots  down for repairs, William. Are you  finished with them yet?" "Well, mister," answered,. Bill calmly, "they're  not mended' yit, but they're on the  road."    '  The mere .act that he likes to camp  out is no sign a nan enjoys house-  cleaning.  W. N.'U. 104C  larly to. assure of their being kept  full. To prevent freezing two pounds  of fused calcium chloride to the. pail  may be used, buckets should be paint-  ���������ed red so that they will be more conspicuous; a constant reminder of the  danger of fire.  A little effort of the part of each  business man and farmer will result  to the advantage of both. Help. one. another in prevention of fire and you are  thus helping the province irt> the reduction of fire wa.te by starting a  campaign in the education of fire prevention, it will pay you better than  any other investment.  Wise and experienced mothers  know when their children are  troubled with worms and lose no timo  in applying Miller's' Worm Powders,  the most effective vermifuge that can  be used. It is absolute.in clearing  the system of worm.5 and restoring  those" healthy - ��������� "condition. " without  which "there can be no comfort for  the child, or hope of robust growth:  Lt is the most trustworthy or worm  exterminators.  Rapid progress is being made on the  five mile Selkirk tunnel wrhich the  C.P.R. is driving under Rogers'Pass  ���������indeed, all records for speed have  been broken. The pioneer tunnels  have been bored so that they are only  11,903 feet apart���������rthe east end tunnel being 7,402 feet in, while the west  end 5,538 feet have been driven. Of  the main tunnel over 8,604 feet have  been drilled out and timbered to the  extent of 745 feet.���������Montreal Gazette.  No matter how deep rooted the corn,  or wart may be, it must yield to Hollo-  way's Corn Cure if used as directed.  Two of a Kind  A tourist in the Highlands had  dinner with a querulous old farmer,  who yawned about hard time's fifteen  minutes  at  a' stretch.  "Why^inaii," said the tourist, "you  ought ty be able to :make lots of  money shipping corn "to the London  market."  "Yes," was the sullen rsply.  "You have the land, I suppose, and  can get the seed?"  '.."Yes,,.I think so."  ���������  "Then,  why don't you go. into  tho  speculation?"  - "No use, cir," sadly replied tho  farmer, "the old woman is too lazy to  do the ploughin' and plaintin'."  To whom it may concern: This  is to certify that I have* used MINARD'S LINIMENT myself as well as  prescribed it in niy practice where a  liniment" was required ana have neve?  failed to get the desired effect.  C.  A:  KING,  M.D.  Durjng he recent fighting along tin  banks of the Aisne a man was badly  wounded. The ambulance-corps ten-  de'rly placed- him on a stretcher.  "Take him into   the   Hospital," .aid  'the man in charge.  ���������  Slowly the wounded man opened his  eyes and whispered faintly:  "What's the matter with the canteen?"  Danger Signals Warn You  is  . {.- rr^r:.  Slowly and Sorely Exhaustion Goes on  Until Collapse  of the Nerves is the Natural Result.  You may bo restless, nervous, irritable and sleepless, but you think  there is nothing- to be alarmed at. You  havo no .appetite,  digestion is impaired, and there is  weakness and Irregularity .of other  bodily organs. You  feel tired in body  and mind, and find  that you lack the  energy to attend to  tlio dally task.  You     may     not \  realize   that   these  are  the  symptoms  of nervous prostration and  the   dan-     _r_���������   ,,_ ...  ffer   signals   which     3IR&- ALLAN.  war'H 7C" thf-t some form of paralysis  la the noxt step of dev.i.^n'.r.t.  _>r> Chase's Nerve Food ia tho most  EucceKSful  restoratlvo  i'or  tho  nerve-  hat has over been offered to the pub  lic. Thls'ha-s been-proven in many  thousands of cases similar to the on.  described in this letter:  Mrs. Titos. Allan. K.K.D., 3, Sombra,  Ont., writes:���������"Five years ago I ������utr  fcred a complete breakdown, and frequently had palpitation of the heart.  Since that Illness I have had dizzy  spells, had no power over my limbs  (locomotor ataxia) and could not  walk straight. At night T would have  severe nervous spells,'with heart pal-  pitationf. an.'! would nhako as though  I had the ague. I "felt impT'crprnen5  after using tho first box of Dr. Ghaa.'s  Nerve- Pood, and after continuing tho  treatment can now walk, eat and sleep  well, have no nervous spells ana do  not require heart;medicine. I havo  told several of my nelgrhbora of tho  splendid results obtained from the usa  of Dr, Chase's Nerve Food."  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, BO cents a  do*" ��������� 6 f������r $2.60, all dealers, or Id-  manson," _?**<__ ������   Co.,   Limited,   _\������-  rento.  WSSMS^SI^^^^^^^S^^^l^^^SS^^^^MS^^^^^^^^^^Ss^^^^^^^^^^Sl^S^^^^^^^^S^^S^^^^S^^^^^^^S^SS^^^^^^M  S_m_3n3____fS8������������S_&H_sSSSi ni������ili������&ii^������!iiia!tt  THE   SUN,    JRAND','PORKS,   J... C.  \  ������ij ^ (gratt & JFnrkB Bun  G. A. Evans, Editor and Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION KAIBS i  Oue year.. ......'. SL50  .One Year (in advance) ...-.  1.00  One Year, in United States 7 '.  l-oO  Address all communications to  The Grand Forks Sun,'  1'honk R74 Gkand Fours, B.C  FRIDAY, MAY 29,   1915  The subsidized McBride-Bowser  riewspepe'rs of British Columbiv arc  as subservient to their master today  as they have ever been, -in spite of the  fact that the province is now suffering  from the effects of the maladministra  tion of the (present government. A  Victoria weekly says: . "If a newspaper published that -pamphlet [The  Crisis in B. C] in full it would be  swmaped with libel suits." 'This is  rubbish���������absolutely nothing but rubbish We might inform, the Victoria  editor that the pamphlet' has already  been printed in-full in a Vancouver  paper, and that this paper will print it  when the campaign opens.   The writer  themselves 'are    the     instruments  through"', which    the    people     are  drugged into   a sense   of   false   sa--  curity.    In   this   province   attacks  upon the .public interest   have   been j  made under tbe cover of' asphyxiat- j  ing gases pumpid up by  the   subsi j  dized   government  press.���������Victoria  Times.  A dispatch states that Sir Richard  McBride has sold a large quantity  of British Columbia canned, salmon  to "the British government. If ..so,  Sir Richard is the first Canadian  premier to become a fish huckster.  And sOriental caught and canned  salmon, too. A "white"' line of  goods.���������Slocan Record.  SOLDJERS ARE  ENTERTA  edding  Presents  . Let' us help you pick that  Present you are going to'  give. '/-"We have a beauti-    '  ful-line-of -  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  ��������� At prices that 'have'''' not  been advanced siilcc the  war. - . !  A, D, MORRISON JEWELER-OPT,6,AN  GRAND FORKS, B.C.  The concert on We'dn.sday even  ing in the Empress theatre, tendered  nf   the above quotation   should know ' tbe members   of   .he   Grand   Forks  that a nswspaper is not tlie   only   in  stitution that can be  sued   for   libel.  If   the   pamphlet. is  libelous, the aggrieved    parties   can    obtain     ample  redress from the author in the  courts.  company   of   the   54th battalion by  the musical talent  of   the  city, was  one of the most enjoyable and artist  ic   entertainments   held     here   fo'r  years.      Tbe   bouse   was crowded,  A lie is a.lie, no matter by  whom it is | and those who came   late were un-  ' uttered, and the private  citizen   who aD]e to.find standing room.    '->  circulates   it   by   mouth   lays himself:     Before   th'e. opening of  program  open to prosecution just as   much   as two   young   ladies,    Miss   Marjorie  does the newspaper which publishes it  Mann   and   ' .Miss'  Doris   Kerman  in its thousands of copies.  The taxpayers of the country will  have to dig into their pockets to pay  for Sir Richard's interesting and entertaining excursion abroad. The  amount of the bill would put food  into many hundreds of mouths. The  premier's presence in Europe is no  more needed there than it is on the  planet Mars. Let him come, back  and attend to the busin' S3 of Irs  office. This is no time for luxurious traveling by our public men  Even Sir Rodmond Roblin appre  ciated that fact.���������Victoria Times.  Newspapers which cast upon a  people the blame for the mistakes of;  its government betray a cynical lack  of appreciation of moral values.  They overlook the, fact that the  public is the unwitting victim of  misplaced confidence and   that they  dressed   as   Red   Cross   nurses'and  provided with  collection   boxes, so  licted subscriptions fram  those who,  entered the house.    In this manner  the funds of  tbe Red   Cross society  'were euriched'to the extent of about  $55.    Owing    to   the   unavoidable  absence of Mayor Gaw, H.   C.   Kerman acted as chairman.  ���������* The opening number of .the  pro-'  gram- was "Excelsior" by the chorus  hbis   was  heartily   encored.    Then  followed   vocal,    violin   and   piano  solos, a.violin and piano duet,   and  a trio, those taking part in  the rendition   of  the  selections being Mr.  and'  Mrs.   E._ F.-La\vs; Miss Edna  Traunweiser,   Miss   Carter,   Arnold  Garter, Mr. Tasker, Mrs. N.   L.   Mc  Innes, Miss Marjorie Kerman. J. W.  Fetch, John Donaldson. Miss Jessie  Downey, and last, and also  least  in  siz������, a young recruit   who  appeared  incognito.    He wasn't    much   over  twelve inches in height, nor, could  his age have exceeded eighteen  months, but he'sang the chorus of  '���������Tipperary" so well that he, had to  respond to an-encore. Mrs. Laws,  whoappeaiedneartheclo.se of the  entertainment, rendered several  popular selections,-and she was re  called so often that she becamequite  fatigued .walking "off and ton' the  stage. The'last number on'the program was "*a selection by Mr. Laws  and the chorus. , Ttis'also made a  decided hit.  At the close of the performance  the chairman called for three cheers  and a.tiger for the gallant men  -who would soon be leaving to fight  for their king and the empire. They  were lustily given..  In a day or.two":",.  ,   .,.' '���������'''��������� rr, ,\  A CAR OF SEED GRAIN  .Seed Potatoes���������Early - Rose, rEarly.  Six Weeks;* Carmen No. L and  American'-Wonder. Field and Gar-  don Seods of all kinds on hand-at right prices.  .    TERMS  CASrt \  , x   -  PHONE 95 -    FIRST STREET, GRAND'FORKS    P, 0, BOX 610  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail  at -the   front and to insure,  prompt delivery, the Dominion post;  office department requests   Unit   all j  mail be addressed as follows:  AT. YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs' amd' Good  Horses'at'?AU  Hours' at  the '  Recruiting for the 54th  According to returns made to the  Nelson Daily News, the following in  a detailed statement of recruiting up  to ' yesterday at the. depots in the  Koetenay-Boundary district:  - Se-    Need-,  Quota, cured,  ed.  Nelson and Kaslo. ...250  Rossland and Trail... 1 50  Grand Forks ." 10W  Fernie.. .:....: 100,  Cranhrook,    Golden,  Field : 200  Revelstoke    50  Kamloops and  north  country     ......200  Similkameen valley ..  50  Rank :   ������ame- ������������������ 1    model Livery Darn  Regimental number  I c "   ������  '  Company,squadron or other unit.. Burns O' O'Ray, Props.  ^atta'ion. ���������������������������' :-���������������������������  Pnohe68 Second Street  Brigade ��������� >.  Fjrst. (or second) Cana'dian. con  /tirig^nt .' r.'; ;   British expeditionary force   . Army Post Office,  London, England,  . Fish is no good as brain food-uriles*  it has something to assimilate with. -  Grand   Forts Transfer  '     PHONE 129 ' '  -   Sole Agents (or  John' Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising ��������� doesn't  jerk; it pulls,. It begins- very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. ]tin  creases day.by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  206  44  55  85  *75  26  70  30  SI  119  2_  26  41  159  M  39  The Sun only costs SI a year,  prints all the news.  It  1,100      556    534  THE  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Planter  Seed Grain  and  Garden Seed  Bridge Street  Grand ^orfcs, B. G,  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and,courteous attention.  Nero fiddled while Rome was burning. Were he alive today he would  probably be reading the casualty "list  at a public dance or   a minstrel show.  There is satisfaction iu  to deceive the decejver.  abk  Ten.men out of ten either have  much money or not enough.  too  "Type was made to read " This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print'Shop.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold th6.se we alreadv have.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspajjer.pririted in the Boundary  country, and the price is only qne-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It .is a valuable advertising medium,  bpcnuse its large subscriptjon list  luis been obtained, and . is' maintained, merely on its merits as a.  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  White Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won at fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; lstt<i_nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen. .    ''  At winter show 1   made  four   .ntries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.* w-*  Eggs from   the  above are $2.00  for   15, and special  prices  given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  I won at the   winter show, making   five  entries, 2nd   cock; 1st,.  ' 2nd   and   3rd hen,   1st  pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up .at  SI.50 a setting of 15.  I   have   two  crosses  mated up,  Red pullet with. Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington   hens'  with    White " Leghorn   cockerel.  Teaming of  All  Kinds. "  Bus,and Baggage at All,  I. rams. .  Mclntyre 8 Mclnnis, Proprietors  Geo. E.  assie  Eggs $1.00 for 12.  E.E.W-MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  mers  When doing that work in Franklin and Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet jom Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices .very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  Thf weekly marke.t will be held  on Second strnet, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  NOTICE  , NOTICE is hereby given   that, application .will be made to th'e Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  'Grand Forks at a special sitting, to be  ' held in the city hall, First street,   on  'May   19th,   1915,   for a transfer   of  the wholesale and bottle liquor licenses  now   held   by   me  in   respect of the  Grand Forks Liquor  Store, situate on  Lot No. 5, in   Block   11, Plan 23, in  the City of Grand Forks, to Gustavus  A. Griffin, of   the  City of Kamloops,  B. C,  Dated the 16th day of April,|A.D.  1915.  WM. J. PENROSE.  HANSEN & CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  tl Gait Coal Now  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  T-LKFHONKS;  OFFICK, Rl>6 CfPSt Strppt  Hansen's Residence. R38 ������"��������������� ������U-GI  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  .  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. G.  Yale  Barber Shop  ner a  I  Kazor Honing a Specialty.  . ROB!  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD.    AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  FHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  riartinritillen  All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. fs Store  PHONE 35 .  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  P. A.  Z,   PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  -_������_������-MaH--_H_R_iB^__K--H_aaOTv-^-a__-^aH_-^__n_^DM---H-^__RH_r__---^__^__M  the  r^  LONDON DIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables-traders  throughout  the  world  to  communicato direct with English  MANUFACTURERS <fc DEALERS  in each class of poods. Besides being - complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, tho directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods thoy ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;:  STEAMSHIP LINES  nrrangod under tho Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES.  of leuding Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy.of the current edition, will bo forwarded* freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for S5.  Dealers seeking Agencies ca"fl advertise  thoir trade cards for $5, orliirger advertisements from $15. -;.������  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., ip.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E,C.  ������A Pays for The  w Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou .itry  Accept no substitutes, but get the'  original���������^-The Grand' Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints  the   news  of tho  city and district first, ������a  r, ���������']  0>  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  - (  -~   , .-      . The folio wing is-the platform of the  ..v.,,. '.Liberal party, of   British   Columbia,  .;    'which principles we.  pledge-ourselves  t to bring into  operation, when elected  .   to power; '"     ,���������  v���������" - 1���������Free ��������� Lands for Settlers���������  ���������None for Speculators, (a) We" believe that agricultural land should be  .disposed of only on such conditions as  will insure its continuous use and occupation.  (b) We will utilize as far as ract-  cable the resources oi the province in  developing and making accessible  , the agricultural and .other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  " ' sary. .  <(c) Fre. .homesteads to actual   settlers.'Holders of  pre-emptions to. be  .  given benefit of this provision."'    ���������  (d)  Advances to settlers  on   easy  terms to assist in clearing,  dyking, ir ���������  , rigation and other permaneritimprove-  "rnents.   <   ; . .     -.-      , r '���������-',"'  " (e) Surveys of all   __ce_sib]e.:-agn  culturaljands to^be rapidly completed-  and  survey ,sheets'-and. all necessary'  information to be made easily  avai'Ja-;  ble to*the-.piiblic*.-v.t,'    . .V-,-"  (f) Settleuj'eni.en bjock   to,'be-dis";  ��������� couraged by the-" removal J>pf reserves  which' scatteivpopiila'tionVand j-'greatly-  increase'the cost of ^roa^v schools.and'  ~   other nbcessa'ry facilities. -  (g) No public lands for the speculator. - .-    . ��������� ���������'  v 2���������Transportation (a) Co operation with the' Dominion'"government  in securing all-rail connection betwaen  the railway systems'".of" Vancouver  ��������� island and the railway^sj'stems of the  mainland. "'"'/-."���������.       ' .���������      *������  (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled by  the" government to  give direct communication by the best  route   as   to grades and distances be  tween   the   Similkameeh" and   other  '.   interior'points and the coast.    --        *  (c) The husbanding bf the' ,proVin  .   cial credit to assist lines that will open  ��������� up new territory..'- -   --1  (d)'We "oppose   prouincial   credit  and reserve being wasted "in-.parallel-,  ing existing lines.'"       ���������'  (e) Abolition-of the system of giv-  fng away crown lands ������for townsites,  iree" of taxation and under railway  control. 7  (f) All francises for the construction, operation, and ownership or leas-  ing'of government aided roads ���������to be  open to public competition.  (g)-'The province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction.  "(h) The prevention of over-c.ipital-  ization^ railways. '   "  (i) Aid to rail ways not to' exceed  what is reasonably necessary to secure  construction.' ���������'-'   '��������� ,  (j) Freight, passenger arid express  rates and telegraph tolls of all government-aided roads to be under, the  jurisdiction of the Dominion railway  commission.' '  (k) "With a view to -meeting the  demand for the transportation'of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control   the   railways, and not the railways thepeople.  '3;���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve .the   wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators  which has  been the  only timber  policy   of- the  present government.  .   (b) The survey, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  ment   before   alienation, and the disposal of all such lands by public competition to actual users.  ,' .(c) Improved,methods ,of  preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation;    '.*'',..    .    , ������-'  _(d) Hand .loggers'" licenses - to be  granted where conditions, warrant.-,  ,'-(e)-Stability of tenure,' crown dues  arid -ground -\rents   to" be  fixed "for  definite- periods.. ���������-"   ''   " .-'       ���������    r"   *  ' '4���������Public Protection in; Respect  to-Coa_T ��������� (a) - Coal   lands   not to ..be  ^alienated,' butleased "under conditions  to" be fixed periodically by the legislature-            - ,  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to the protection of the consuming public.  5.���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory, board ' in educa-.  tional. niatters",~such~as exists in all  other provinces. .      ���������   .  - (b) -The present school curriculum  is. so. overloaded with subjectsas to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.,  (c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training ' Establishment  of an efficient- system of technical  .schools.  ���������(d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of .redistribution  (b) We ' are - pledged   as a party to  equal  suffrage  of  provide   for   the  women with men.  7���������Taxation, (a) Exemption of  improvements on all lands paying  taxes to the.provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) -Immediate reform of the present costly, cumbersome andt inequitable'system of' collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  gument  In your favor.is good print-  .ing. It starts things off in  ���������your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, When attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enter prising men use GOOD  . printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already,known our kind . of  printing, let us show you.  It's"&yceritiniy that-we can  save you money, too.  PhoneR74.  "e Sun Print Shop  8���������Labor���������Workmen's Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ��������� \b) A thorough and frequent inspection of "all industrial premises to  insure health, sanitation and safety,  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  .(d) The establishment by . the   government of a permanent industrial insurance   commission,   independent of  politics.    This commission'to have full  charge of a system   providing positive  compensation to employees for  injury  received during- employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving -employers the benefit of  accident insurance at minimum cost.  .    (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all  hazardous employments. _     ,\  (f).-The payment of wages at least  fortnightly.  (g) The minimum wage, the-eight-  hour day and' six day week on all  public and government-aided work.  9���������OrientalImmigration. (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations-in congested districts.  10���������Extension of Municipal Powers .(a) Increase"of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11���������Public'Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utilities, the limitation of terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if , in the public interest on  equitable terms. ���������  12���������Local Control .of Liquor  Traffic. ��������� (a) The complete removal  of" the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by rnu .  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities.  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts. We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor gener.I, appointed and controlled absolutely by  legislature. '   -  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore the fishing industry to white fishermen.  (b) The protection of British Columbia fishejies from foreign poachers  by adequate policing of Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention of all timber  lands or; watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalities and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  16���������Torrems System .of Registration- of Titles, The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non-Partisan Civil Service.  The organization of the civil .service  commission for both inside and out  side service, so that }he appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  Styles that turn women's heads also  put kinks in the heads of the gentlemen.  There is always an easier and a  better way, but the average man seldom stumbles into it until he is near'  the finish.  The average woman can do anything with a hairpin except sharpen a  pencil���������and she can do that with her  teeth.  It is now the open season for teaching the summer go*] to swim all over  again. ��������� .  _  Too many people take advice that  doesn't belong to them.  Even'a rich bachelor  poor husband.  may  make  ow  More   Victories   Are  ��������� *  Won by SiegeTacr  tics Than by Assaults  ^Apply   thte to business,  and see 'what it means:  It means  that continuous  ��������� and   steady   advertising   is  more   resuitful    than   cam-  , paighs   that   come and  go, .  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For   an   advertiser   with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling    efforts   now   is   to  make conditions  worse for  _r  himself,   and is   no sign  of  that courage   which is  sup- .  posed    to    possess     eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the 'merchant an excellent ^medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  ���������������i  Win aiuKHoW Your Position  in Business by Stead-  C ������������������';  fastness in Attack  P  Th,  sdun /|^W?ftJ.J_k_-_-'j*������-."_r  fiB-TG-br.. ftaan* po^*s- *"������'  WHEN LONG BREATHS HURT JOUR SIDE.  RUB SORENESS AWAY WITH "NERVILINE?  Prompt Action Often Prevents Pleurisy or  Pneumonia  Do long breaths hurt you? Try it,  and see. It you notice a wheeze or a  catch in your side, then" be sure  trouble exists.  Proper^action consists in a vigorous  rubbing' of the back, chest and soro  Bide with "Nerviline. This wonderful  liniment sinltirinto the tissues, whepe  tho pain is seated���������gives instant re's  lief. That catch disappears, all ������rens.;'  of soreness goes, and you then know".  that Nervilin. has probably saved you  from pleurisy.   -  lust try Nerviline for chest tightness, coughs, -aches and, soreness���������it's  a Wonderful liniment, and when kept  in. the"~ho__e saves the family from  lots of ills and suffering. A large bottle on hand makes the doctor's bill  mighty small, and can.be depended on  as a reliable and mighty prompt cure  for rheumatism, sciatica, ��������� lumbago,  pleurisy, stiff neck, sores muscles and  enlarged joints."  Get the large 50c family size bottle;  it is far more economical than the 25c  trial size. Sold by dealers everywhere  pv direct from the Catarrhozone Co.,  '^Kingston, Canada.  394 Portage, Avenue, Winnipeg.   Also at  Toronto,  Montreal and Vancouver  Mixed Farming  The   All-Round   Farmer   Meets   With  Mor_ Success Than the Strictly  Grain Producer  Why can't every Champaign county  .. farmer raise and feed hogs and more  live stock?    says .the -Banke'r-_,ernier.  Statistics show "hat the live stock  farms are the most profitable and fertile. -    ������-  Until a decade ago this county "was  . a great stock raising county, before it  .,  went grain crop mad, and when stock  prices were not half as good as now.  The farmer-stockman, raising and  feeding stock, 'fattens -his farm and  his bank balance, gets two prices for  his crops, keeps for himself the profits of the grain speculator and the  railroad an'd increases the demand for  and the price of grain and becomes a  bigger, broader and richer man by being an "all round farmer."  .Live stock prices are very high,  will long remain so, war or j > war,  and hog cholera can bo prevented. .  This bank is working to build up  this county as well as the bank���������  that's why'it uses most of its advertising space to talk about "Hogs" and  public welfare.  Minard's Liniment for sale, everywhere.  Scribbler���������I've  a  poem here  advocating peace.  Editor���������I suppose that you honestly  and sincerely desire peace.  " Scribbler���������Yes, sir.  Editor���������Then burn the poem.  i   Ey  SS  if.  mi,;;.  ��������� .������        wl/  i     V  i \  ~_2������  JuU'  //oil  l\?3  in  Declares Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound  Saved Her Life  and Sanity,    -���������      ,  Shamrock, Mo.���������"I feel it my duty  to tell the .public the condition of my  health before using  your medicine. I had  falling, inflammation and congestion,  female weakness,  pains in both sides,  backaches and bearing down pains, was  short of memory,  nervous, impatient,  passed sleepless  nights, and had  neither strength nor  energy. There was always a fear and  dread ir. my mind, I had cold, nervous,  weak spells, hot flashes over my body.  I had a pl.co in my right side that was  so sore that I could hardly bear the  weight of my clothes. I tried medicines  and doctors, but they did me little good,  and I never expected to get out again.  I got Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound and Blood Purifier, and I certainly would havo been in grave or in an  asylum if your medicines had not saved  me. Eut now I can work all day, sleep  well at night, eat anything I want, have  no hot flashes or weak, nervous spells.  All pain3, aches, fears and dreads are  gone, my house, children and husband  are no longer neglected, as I am almost  entirely free of the bad symptoms I had  before taking your remedies, and all i|  pleasure and happiness in my home."���������  Mrs. JosiE HAM, R. F. D. 1, Eox 22,  Shamrock, Missouri.  If you want-special advice write  JLydia J3.PinI.ham Medicine Co.,  (confidential) Lyim, Mass.  Old or Young- at Forty  W. N. U. 1048  Much     Depends,   on    Our Every Day  Habits of  Life  A physical director in the Young  Men's ^Christian Association who has  examined more than 2,000 -city men-in  the past year, says that he finds the  type physically .deteriorating. The  average business mr.n, he says, grows  old before his time. At ��������� forty,'.he  finds, the business man has many;of  the symptoms of actual old age, and  often seems on the ve/_.e,.c'������ a physical breakdown.  That is familiar talk. -The difficulty  is that so much of it is so nearly  true. The encouraging part of it, on  the other hand, is that few men nee'l  to be old at forty unless they choose.  In a large measure, it is an optional  matter. If one keeps his nose to the'  grindstone of business, eats too much,  indulges himself too freely, gets no  physical exercise and takes his business cares home and to bed with him  every night, he is pretty likely to be  what Ihe director says he is.  The suggestion that a man���������or woman���������is old at forty., ought to be absurd. That it is nut absurd is something of j&. reflection upon that portion of us who because we are unwilling to take little trouble, are actually  bringing on age at forty.���������Cleveland  Plain Dealer.  Separate School  ��������� Teacher Speaks  TELLS OF THE GOOD DODD'S KID-  NEY PILLS'HAVE DONE  She  Had No Faith in Them, But the  Results and  Health Obtained  Convinced Her  Grates Cove, Trinity Bay, Nfld.������������������  (Special)���������Among the thousands in  Newfoundland who pin their faith to  Dodd's Kidney Pills is Miss Mary  Bridget Whelan, teacher in the Roman Catholic school here.  "I am exceedingly grateful to  Doddjs Kidney Pills.." .Miss Whelan  states in an interview. "I was very  much run down in health. -Close confinement to my .work brought-on my  trouble.  "Reading of the many cures by  Dodd's Kidney Pills I began to use  them and I. must confess with very  little faith.        ���������  "Before I had taken one box I. was  not only cured but my strength was  growing rapidly, and I felt a great  improvement in every way." .;  ���������Miss Whelan gives the real reason  of the popularity of Dodd's Kidney  Pills. They do not cure thc ailment  aimed at at the expense of some'  other part of '.he body. They build up  health all over the body. They do  this by curing the Kidneys. Cured  Kidneys mean pure blood.  Illustration Farms.  Much Interest is Shown and Good Re-  . ' suits Follow        _ ,    '  In his report on the inspection of  the "illustration Farms conducted by  the Commission of Conservation, the  agriculturist of commission at the annual meeting-said:  "This work has been intensely interesting, arid the manner in which  the farmers have undertaken and so  successfully carried on the work outlined is indeed gratifying. Another  feature which must not be overlooked  has ��������� been t rniehteelsfTeft-bo csu  has been the interest aroused among  the' yciing people in the great- possibilities . of teh^ old borne farm when  scientific and up-J:o-date'methods are  adopted^-. On' one"-of tho Illustration  Farms, among''the"'Fjrench-sp'calcing'  farmers of''Quebec/the^-armer. and'his  six grown-up. sons'"- would drop all  work to accompany "the "instructor  each .time he visited th'e ' farni.-afl  joining in- tho discussions and asking  questions relating ,to .the farm', operations. This ' farmer himself stated  that, since following .the advice of the  commission's instructors, he had the  first successful.crop of clover and of  corn he had fiver grown on his. farm.  This was in 1914."  What Mothers Say of    ,r  . Baby's Own Tablets  Once a' mother has used Baby-'s  Own Tablets for her little ones she  will use no other medicine. . She  quickly realizes" the Tablets are an  absolutely safe remedy and one .that  will 'give sure results. Concerning  them Mrs. R. L. Wright, Pennabit,  Saslc, writes:* "I have used'-Baby'3  Own Tablets for my three babies and  think so' much of them" that I always  keep them in the house." The Tablets  are sold by medicine dealers''or by  mail at 25 cents a box from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  'Ont.- ���������   , ' . -  A Billion Wheat Deficit  Canada Should Increase Her Produc-  ���������;' /tions;as Much as Possible  7 According to reliable .' statistics  there are tied up "at the present time  about two billion bushels of wheat,  the production of the countries -at  war. This is in the' vicinity of half  the world's total production of wheat:  A recognized authority argues that  granting that the warring'nations produce- a one-half crop in the coming  year, a deficit of one billion bushels  will still be shown. The three countries upon which tho filling, of this  deficit of one billion bushels will rest  are Canada, the United States, and  Argentina. The combined output of  these three countries is only .,249,-  000,000; their exportable surplus  would, of course, be much les., so it  can-easily be seen that th9 question  is -not one to be'easily solv.d, and it  behooves Canada to. increas. her productions as much as she possibly can,  for when the war is over an��������� trade  begins'to re-establish itself and the  nations undergo a process of rehabilitation, the demand for all bread-  stuffs must be enormous.  A Remedy For Bilious, Headache.���������  To those subject to bilious headache,  Parmelee's Vegetable Pills are recommended as the way to speedy relief.  Taken according to directions they  will subdue irregularities of the stomach and so act upon the nerves'and  blood vessels that the pains in the  head will ceases There are few who  are not_at sometime subject to biliousness and familiar with its attendant evils. Yet none need suffer with  these pills at hand. ^,  f������t distemper ::>  Ink Eye, Epizootic,  Shipping Fover,  .and Catarrhal  Fever.  Sur.(t(cure -and positive preventive, no'matter Kow "horses  . at'any.'tasro, aro infected-or -"exposed." 'Liquid, given on tha  tongue"; acts on the Blood and Glands,,expels the poisonoua  'germs from the body. Cures Distemper in Dogs and Sheep  and Cholera-in Poultry.   Largest selling live stoclc remedy.  Cures La-Grippe among human .beings and is a fine kidney  remedy.   Cut this out.    Keep it. Show.it to your .druggist,  who will get it for youi Free'Booklet.  "Distemper. Causes"  and    Cures."      DISTRIBUTORS  ���������   ALL-   WIIOLESALH'  'DRUGGISTS.                              -           ;    *.  SPOI-IN    MEDICAL    CO..   Chemists   and   Bacteriologists.  .--.GOSHJ3N.  IND... U.S.A. .        *  __.  WHO WILL PAY OFF THAT MORTGAGE  V Should You Die Suddenly ?  Keep tho Roof over the Children's Head'by a Policy ia  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  OFFICES: ' Winnipeg, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver-  Calgary,    Rcgina.      Agenls* ,Wanted.  1915. KEETON  MADE IN CANADA        -    -'  THE   BIGGEST   MOTOR  CAR   BUY   of,the  year.     A'combination  of  price, construction and equipment that ha3 never before been brought to  gether In one car.  KEETON car. are built.to'give  day in and day out service. Only  the bQSt materials can" give you  this service. <"  ��������� Keeton construction is of recognized . quality. But don't take .'our  word for it, make ulTpr'ove it.  MODELS\  5 Pas.enger Tourlns. '..  8 Passenger Roadster. -   ">  prices -;"  $1,375.00 and $1,425.00."  SOME.NEW FEATURES  .1.    Improved body line3, giving  graceful stream, line  effect  2. ' Clear'- vision, rain vision  Windshield.        - ���������  3.' Deeper an i softer upholstering,, in hlghgrack) leather:  4.- Gasoline ta:Ik at rear, giving  a better dist.ibutlon ot weight. -  ,5.:,Vacuum   'Gravity-    Gasoline-  feed���������a,w feature    of    tho ^higher  , priced' car3.- .'"���������..  6. .'--Additioa of one-man mohair  top, extra tire and tube and dash  lamp as standard equipment.  AGENTS WA'NTED.-EVERY PART OF CANADA  BRANTFORD,  CANADA.  Frozen Meat Trade  The report that the Australian government is buying up the meat supplies to hold them in readiness for imperial needs, is a reminder that tha  Antipodean ; frozen meaT trade, vast  as it now is, dates only from 1882,  when the New Zealand grazier, tried  the experiment of exporting frozen  carcasses to England. The Antipo-  deans, however, were_not the first to  hit on the idea of supplying frozen  meat. ..In January, .1816, three Esqui-  /naux arrived at Harwich -with a large  consignment ot game,, frozen, and  packed in airtight' cases, for which  they found a ready sale at extraordinarily -high-prices.  Two little colored boys were viewing the sights in the Food Exposition,  says the National .Monthly, and as  they passed a cheese stall oue of them  sniffed, and said: "Phew! dat man's  done had dat cheese on hand too  long." "No such thing," retorted the  other little boy, "it's dat 'spensive  lumbago cheese."  Minard's     Liniment   Relieves   Neuralgia.  Great Britain has been paying out  an average of a thousand million dollars a year for foods-tuffs, excluding  tea, coffee and cocoa, and all beverages. Noteworthy importations in  1913 were two million dollars' worth  of potatoes and a million dollars'  worth of eggs from Germany and  nearly two million dollars' worth of  hen fruit from Austria-Hungary. Another notable importation in the first  'ix months of last year was fifteen  hundred thousard dollars' worth of  fruit from Turkc".  Minard'a Liniment Cures Burns,  Etc.  A Prime Dressing For Wounds.���������In  some factories and workshops carbolic acid is kept for use in cauterizing wounds and cuts sustained by the  workmen. Far better to keep on hand  a bottle of Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil.  It is just as quick in action and does  not scar the skin or burn the flesh.  There is no other Oil that has its  curative qualities.  Housing and Roads  Two hundred years hence the great  housing and town planning movement,  now at its meridian,,whieh has for its  objects the planning out with wide:  roads and open spaces of the land  lying round cities andtowns and the  erection of houses for rich and poor  which shall, be hygienically constructed and provided, with an-abundance of  unfettered ground space, will be compared in ' importance and - consequences with the-Renaissance of the  fifteenth and sixteenth centuries.  :"{s-t-  7>J  ?2"V  Vs  vx  k  QUALITY LUBRICANTS for FARM MACHINES  STANDARD GAS.ENGINE OIL  is adapted to all internal combustion engines,'both  - gasoline and-kerosene-burning:.-'.. It.retains its body  at high 'working temperatures and is always uniform  in quality. -En own to farmers throughout the North-  ...ivest for years as an absolutely reliable product..   Ah  excellent oil for tractors. :    .:.  Prairie Harvester Oil. Ageneral utility oil for farm machinery.  Capitol Cylinder OiL   Manufactured expressly for steam  tractor and stationary steam engine lubrication.      * _..  . .  Thresher Hard Oil.   A high grade cup grease for use on  separators and other farm machinery. '.    ,.  Eldorado Castor Oil. ' A heavy oil for farm .machinery,'���������  especially adapted for loose-fitting and worn bearings.  Arctic Cup Grease, made in seven grades to meet varying  conditions. -. .  Ask for our lubricants ia steel barrels equipped with faucet*  ���������tl������e clean, economical method of handling oils on the farm.  Branch Stations Throughout the Dominion  .  THE   IMPERIAL   OIL  Limited  COMPANY  _bfS������ar*���������_-. <  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Duslan.diWfni!  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  Sa!veinTubes25c. ForBookoflneEyeFreeask  Prucfijists or Murine Eye Seraedy Co., Chicago  \VithV'hut, tliree minutes to catch  his trairf,;:the traveller inquired of the  tranicar conductor,. "Can you go  faster ������lhaiV,this?"        . '  ' "Yes," thV.bell,ringer replied, "but  F have to stay' with my tramcar."  As a vei'Djicfde there is no prenara-  Lien that.o/m-'lS7vl;0tner Urave_' IVorm  Exterminator. It lias saved the lives'  of countless'children.  Alcohol evaporates, to which respect it resembles the courage that is  screwed up by it.  It is stated that it is now impossible  to get a Turkish- bath in London.. O."  an Irishvstew. in Berlin, wo suppose.  ���������Detroit Free Pre.s. :���������  Children Teething  -~l_t^Y ,5 VERY ggMfORTABLE ANQ_^  LAUGHsi UUHlNG THt TEfclHiriQ  PERIOD.   THANKS .TO  WlNSLOW'S  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIO  ���������_m___H^__n_mS  asssasEea  sssBSgBBSsm&E&gsm  mm  <^BSS!SS!l!!SS9J!0!l  mmmmssgmBtssgiaisMsss  !_f^_ff-latiPHS__ffi-B_r_!_-^^ -!r:m-  &M  X'-M. ;::v  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  HAVE FOUND THAT THERE IS~MONEY~IN. FARMING  All of the Progress in Western Canada.is not by any Means of the  Boom  Order,  as  Fortunes Have Been Made in a-Short -'  Space of Time by the Man ,on the Farm  Guy 'Catlicart Pelton, \yriting in the  mark.   H reached that mark less than  , ,    ��������� ���������        ....     --"-'ten days luten    yha't banUev got live  times for his side lino what he got  In his regular salary.  ,' There, are hundreds of farmers of  the '-/est who,-ai)3 making fortunes,  Thoy are .making ^therii quietly arid  saying, little about *l. ', Men al. coming into -'Alberta and Saskatchewan  from'' the Dakotas, 'from Iowa, the  middle'; and western states. More  V-ulcir coxae if theyi-eould get.-rid of  their American holdings.. The little  towns < of /Alberta''.'-, are 'in splendid  shape. V.T can:name a 'dozen towns of  150 popj'nla'tion .through which the hog  shipments.-run'-iito $300,000 annually,  and the"wheat-and grains from $400,-  000 to $1,000,000 annually./rhe'country-is booming, but .their ears are^ so  deafened with'the knocking and pessimism that they know it not. . They  are in the" midst of prosperity, - but  their eyes are so blinded, by newspaper-stories-of'unemployed and lower city rents and unsold .'-real estate  'that.-they see it no'.;-.  ' One. fawner <spoke -in-" this- wise,  "Last week I-sold one'rifmy farms  and.got-$9,000 for it.. .Today-'I brought  ina. carload of hogs, which-will make  a; total ,of some ,$4,000 worth 1 liave,  sold'since Christmas. I was foolish  enough to let -my wheat* go at ?r.25.-1  had 10,000 bushels���������nearly all No.-l."  Then, reminded of the hard times ,and  the "war by'contact'with a city man,  he spoiled'it all by-remarking, "But  1 tell you, boy, this "war. has hit me  hard. I have got considerable unsold  property in Edmor-ton,' 'and a couple  of unsold lots in Saskatoon.".  It is true that some farmers had  their crops burned out. Some need  government said to buy this year's  seed. But it is also true;'that-the west  is. filled with prospercus< 'farmers.^  There are-literally thousands of agriculturists -wh_ have in five to eight  years made themselves financially independent'. It is fashionable to talk  about hard times, so they do it and  the outside world hears the grumbling  and knows nothing- of the brighter  side. '      -   /  In a five weeks' trip I met continually young men who had left' the city  life five ,or six years previously, who  had been journalists,-plumbers, street  car conductors, bookkeepers, mechanics���������and if I got their confidence "I  found that they were- wealthy, independent ''men, .men who were making  anually 'from hogs and wheat and  mixed farming as .much money as is'  paid our lieutenant-governors, our  provincial premiers, our supreme  court judgas. I dare, to predict that  the west has only commenced���������for  each and every one of these successful agriculturists is advising .his  friends to quit the. city- and its  troubles and'get out into the open.  (The above' stories, -which are all  true, were''gathered in the, following  districts visited by. me���������North Battle-  ford, "Provost, Ghauvin, Edgerton,  Fort Saskatchewan, Vermilion, Vegre-  ville, Wainwright, Camrose, Hardisty,  Lougheed, Daysland, Viking and numerous small towns' oh the C.N.R.,  G.T.P.,' and the Edmonton-Winnipeg  branch of the C.P.R.)  Montroal Journal of Commerce, tells  of some  information, gathered an  a  trip, through the west, as follows.:  . -We hear much, these days of the  dull  west, 4Jie  dead' west,  the' disillusioned-west.   All the west that'we  hear about���������that Ave hear about inost-  ��������� ly at least���������is the.west as it is bot-  .   ." tied' up in "a dozen" oi- less cities. ^ So'  much has 'been spoken, written, pictured, of the unemployed men, of'-tlie  ��������� ���������' .-fall of; the,.real/'-estate-boom; of 'tlie  slump.in>.rents'-and the tightness "of  , ."'lnoney���������that w'e-h.ave forgot-t.h,>about'  the real west.'.The real west is in-tho  --_ 'country���������not the dozen or less cities.  .   ''The real west-is in the unboomed.  1 have just completed    a tour-of  some' two dozen Alberta agricultural  districts, and one district in Saskatchewan.   1 have talked with bank managers,     interviewed'   .homesteaders,  *s   chatted with country merchants.- Letj  me, say'here  that if this "same trip'  .    ,could be taken by sbme^qf our financ-.  iers, magnates and* others; who only  /"'could tell.".what they i'oundi the west  ' > ". would.-have a boom -such as it has  '.-never :had.   "Rather    than' give   the,  . ���������~ names, of each'district iii \thich the  :-'stories are connected.    I. will append  at the end "of tliis'article.the names of  the  districts visited by me. .Then it  '   will not' look' like a'board of trade  publicity campaign.  In one district I.met a-man who. had  been a street car conductor, first in  Toronto^ then in Edmonton. Five  years ago he took a homestead, and  all he had was a lot of ambition and  a very-little money���������less than $500.  That was" five, years ago. Today he  owns over 700 acres of land, 50 horses,  200 head-of cattle, and his bank account shows-, a credit oft $7,800���������the  cash" being this'year's wheat'money..  His land,' his stockfand his equipment  are" all paid-foiv"*- -v'- " ���������--'X ��������� ��������� -; \  ' In another 'district, rjust out- of a  town, which in the boom' days was.  much boomed, there is r.notner man.  In professional life ho was a scribe���������  a poorly paid newspaper/ man. (no  'other kind of a newspaper man being  p���������sible). He never farmed-in his'  life before.- He has been eight years"  on the land. He is a-modest man and  doesn't like to talk about his ' own  success. In those e.ght years he has  accumulated two section; of land,  some 300 head of cattl./ and Brad-  streets rate him as worth $150,000.  That's .better than the Journal: of  Commerce editor could def in eight  years.  In a third district there is an'ex-  plumber.   He''admits that; the plumber  is usually   well  paid,  but  it doesn't  oompare with-farni life in the Canadian west.    He started with $600,'and  he, hasn't  ended up yet.    His  hogs  bring him $6,000 per year, and wheat-  last  year  brought him  $6,500.     His  "farm" life has lasted six years and he  doesn't want to go back' to the city.  In a Saskatchewan village i met a'  , bank manager who mildly intimated"  that he' had .gone into farming as a  Bide  line.    The week. I met him he  notified the elevators at Port Arthur  that they could let his 6,000 bushels  "of.wheat go when it reached the $1.30  Cracow, in the  Tommy  : Is A  Soldier and  Civilian Alike In  France,  Regard  With  Wonder the  Men  Who Play Football  The thousands of English soldiers  now on French soil are to Frenchmen,  strange, exotic creatures, the study of  which is full of delightful surprises^  A French journalist' who travelled to"  the trenches and interviewed several  specimens of the genius Tommy Atkins, published the results in a Paris  newspaper. ~ ���������  One Tommy was "of the species  crane," with thin legs and arms like  telegraph wires, by no means as taciturn as the Frenchman had believed  Englishmen to be. He told the Frenchman some tali yarns. "In -one fight  our battalion lost 500 men," he vouchsafed. ''One bullet, which just scrat-  ' died my nose, killed my pal beside  me."  Another Tommy dwelt on the awful  fact that he had been "twenty-two  days on water without any tea in it."  He, too, had been in the thick of the  fray .and nad killed several of the  enemy with his own hand, which  recounts * the Frenchman, filled him  with a "gentle joy."  "Are the inhabitants of this part  of France hospitable?" the journalist*  inquired of another Tommy.  ~ "Awfully nice," replied the soldier.  These words the correspondent, after  giving them in English to show how  strange they lcok, translates: "Ter-  riblcment aimable"���������a ; combination  ���������which must appear perfectly incomprehensible to Frenchme^n, who do not  see how-a thing can be "awful" and  "nice" at the same time.  At a village in Northern France tho  newspaper man found some English  ;gI���������!s?- Instructing a let cf village  boys is'tue'ru-lfi-eats- o~ -cet~a!h  "When the French team scored a  point," he wrote: "I said to. one of  the, Englishmen: 'But cven't you  dBhamed to let them beat you at your  >wn game?* to whi h the Britain re  plied: 'Ah, but we want to encourage  the - people" of France to take up  sports!'" .,   . ,:���������-,���������  Football, was being played wherever  there were Englishmen. Often the  games were between teams of English  and French soldiers."- Where -''a ball  was not to be.had the players"were  quite content to kick about a bundle  of clothes.  When- not thus engaged, the English soldier finds time to-enter the  lists of Cupid. The French writer  tells of one Tommy whom he saw  "promenading proudly before the awestruck glances of.the villagers with,  three girls on his arm!"  "The English? Oh, they're good  fellows," remarked a villager in  whose house a number of the allies of  France were quartered. "They're in.  bed snoring every night at 8. They  ���������get together in my kitchen while I  make their tea and sing sentimental  songs. They're all musical."- The  journalist added in corroboration of  this statement, that he himself heard  Tommies "singing discordantly to the  accompaniment of the cannon."  Also he found that Tommy had a  sense of humor. On one occasion, he  learned a German officer came charging at the head of his men into an  English trench. Leaping over the  edge of it he fell headlong into a sea of  black mud, from which he picked himself up, black and dripping, and exclaimed:  .   "What a confounded nuisance this  old war is, isn't it?"  Whereupon a Tommy, about to run  his bayonet through the intruder,  burst into roars of laughter and made  him a prisoner instead.  "And the Tommies are philosophers  too," writes the Frenchman. "I heard  one of them say solemnly to a comrade: 'If you have any money, spend  it all today. You may be dead tomorrow!'" ���������  The Ancient Capital of Poland is a  City With-a History  Around .the ancient capital'of Poland, Cracow, whi:h tlie Russians  ���������nope to capture, clusters most of the  glorious memories, of that last but  not forgotten kiugd.m.  There for more than four hundred  years the kings of Poland were  crowned-and buried, and for more  than three hundred years it was their  seat of government. There lie..burlcd  Jan Sobieski, - who delivered" Vienna  ���������and thereby all Europe���������of the  Turks; Pontatowski, tho famous general, who became one of .Napoleon's  marshals; Mickiewicz, tlie poet of  i-olaim', and Kosciusko, the patriot  hero pf the Poles. '   -  The 'tombs of .all four are-iii'the  Stanislas r Cathedral, a beautiful  Gothic ch'urch -built 'in-1359, that  crowns the Wavel, a rocky hill that  rises on 'the edge of the town. There,  are. other fine churches in the city,  the Rugustinia  among them;, a'nd  great Royal -Castle  the residence of  which fell to the  after 'the kingdom was divided, and  which has. within, tlie last' fifty years  been restored.  The city -also contains a -very 'famous old university, which dates from  1364,, and -in age is second only ,to  Prague among the universities of Europe.   -  v  The intellectual and artistic  achievements of the Poles and the'  Bohemians, attained six centuries'and  more ago, show that the Slav is capable of ��������� the-highest things! He is J  weakest perhaps in the organization,  of ��������� government, for Poland, long the  bulwark" of civilization .against the  Tartar and the Turk, .fell at last "because of the endless dissensions  among its brave and brilliant nobility.  Cracow itself wa_ founded about  700 A.D. More than,, once-it was destroyed by the Tartars, rebuilt and re-  colonized by Polish, German and Bohemian settlers. ,  . From 1305 to 1610 it was the .capital ^Poland; later it was part of the  grand ducliy of. Warsaw, and from  1815 to 1846 it was, ������with -its immediate neighborhood, a" free and neutral  state, a distinction it lost when internal disorders gave "Austria an.,ex-  cuse to step in and take possession  of the town.  One of the most interesting things  in Cracow is Kosciusko Hill, "a mound  of earth on the top of the Borislava  hill. It is. made of handfuls of earln  brought by Poles from every corner  of the kingdom, and thrown together  to form a memorial to .the Polish patriot, composed of thc soil of the  country he loved so well. Across the  river Vistula on Krakus Hill there' is  a similar mound, which is said to be  almost twelve hundred y^.?xs old; it  was, so tradition says, raised in the  same way to the memory.of Krakus,  the   Slavic  prince  who   founded   the  city- ���������   - .-  If the war results in an autonomous  or semi-autonomous kingdom of Poland, Warsaw instead of Cracow may  be its capital, since if is more centrally situated and much.larger.. But  to the patriotic Pole, Cracow is always the spiritual, centre of his fatherland���������the "heart of Poland."  WORDS WILL   .RING   DOWN-THROUGH   THE AGES  Most Gigantic Crisis in the History of the British Empire was the  Climax  of  the'Fighting at Tpres, when General French  by his Presence Turned the Tide of Battle ������  "I was present at Hooge between  2 and 3- o'clock, on this day." These  thirteen words will ring down through  the ages in British history. They  were written by Sir John. French, hi  his official report of the 'battle of  Ypres -on October 31. Jt has taken  the British people many ,months lo  learn what a gigantic crisis in tlie his-  French had at uoon on this day.  A little later tne automobile of Gen������  oral French whirled into the little  town of Hooge. A< short distance up  the Meny road was '.he very heart and  core of the battle.  ��������� To-sea General French come into  the- heart or the battle, amid the  shells, to know that he had not given  | up hope, was an inspiration to the of-  tory of the  empire  lies  belling this  phrase. . They were sixty  short,  ter-   (icel.s.    New life j t     h  nble minx'.es  that chmaxec. twenty ; isll.    Ganeral    French spending'  days   of   terrific   fighting.     Each   day ; thafr  ������         a   [im    h ������atl ���������������%  Douglas,  hustled from  'their  coming  French and hlslnen had bee-i entrust-1 ?"i?r-?;,^0i?1������f1-s'^a?tains' ?l\   ���������re  ed-with the' duty of stopping the gap'Tj^A '*������ ^h������ S ^tness, of the mo-  in   the .allied  lines .betweei.   .".rmen-   fj?"'    T'S^ b^H  f ^T^L  ������6?-  Hprps anri Ynrpq      ��������� ' : seized     rifies ancUfought .with  their  For twenty clays French  had been I ������<*: T1^e ,^f.ncl^f r n'eed for'.of- .  strengthening his line until   -he had ! *?e���������' t^ battle had become a fight  .  120,000  men,   but  during, the    same  space of time the'Germans had been  piling up their forces until, on the  "morning of- October 31, there -were  nearly lour German army corps facing the ceritre'^of the Britisl: general's  line: . .Thia- ���������* 'centre "was held by  Sir Douglas Haig. Four. Germans to  one Britisher;were die odds.  General Frc-rich realizcl that after  twenty clays o"f sparring, the Germans  had decided whero-tO'strike. The battle began in the morniir., _vyilh contests along the whole' lin-j. The field  of Waterloo was as a child's garden  in .size, compared with General  French's battleground.  - Back at Ypres, General French  studied the battle by means of maps.  Telephones and couriers brought hini  news almost every moment. As the  day advanced towards noon the fighting on the wings grew less; in thc  centre it grow fiercer and fiercer, the  burden of the day was falling on the  first army corps. Almost every minute  some British regiment was either suf-  rto the death.  .It .was shortly before 2.30 that General French got his first chance to  hit the Germans on their flank. The  side attack flustered them. With cold  .steel alone the Worccsters retook  Cheliivelt" and closed the Meny road.  From that moment the tide of battle  turned. By 3'o'clock, when the historic -visit of Sir John French at  Jlooge had ended, the British soldiers  knew they had held the Germans-back  and that the issue had been decided.  The British lost about 50,000 men ou.  thismomentous October 31 and in the  20 days Jghting that preceded it. The  French and Belgians lost about 75,-  000 men and. the German losses were  estimated* at about 350,000. In all  nearly half a million men were lost.  The losses of the north in the entire  Civil War������jv.ere about 500,000.,  General  French's    laconic    report'  merely said:   " <-.'  "I was.present with Sir Douglas  Haig- at Hooge between 2 and 3-  o'clock on this day, when -the first  fering some catastrophe or achieving } division were retiring." I regarded it  some 'feat that would go down in its , as the most- critica"l moment of this  history forever. .' ' great battle.    The rally of the first  British histories and all military ' division and the re-capture of the vil-  history will say that no general in thc . lage of Cheluvelt at such a time waa  annals of great battles ever had great-1 fraught with momenloiu. conse-  er cause of giving up hope" than Gen. j quences."  Tetanus in German Shells' \  Close Call  Sir      William      Ramsay      Translates  French   Chemist's  Warning   '        i H������w a D������3  Brought a Soldier of tho  Figures That Carry Less<dir  Bill had a billboard; Bill also had a  boardbill. The boardbill bored Bill so  he told the billboard to pay the board-  bill. After Bill sold the billboard the  boardbill no longer bo.'ed Bill.,  Large     Importations'. From    Foreign  Countries   of   Grain   by   Great  Britain ". ;���������  Great Britain: imported 51,786,915  bushels of wheat from- Canada in  1913. She also imported 9,360,400  bushels from Russia, 2,050,987 from  Germany, 804,533 from France, 201,-  653 "from- Roumaiiia, 265,843 from  Austria-Hungary, and 76,533 bushels  from Bulgaria, a total of 12,759,949  bushels that will have .to be made up.  There was a decrease in Russia's exportation to Britain of 7,000,000 bushels in 1913, compared with 1912, and  of 24,0000,000 compared with 1911.  In 1913 the United S';ates supplied the  United" Kingdom with 80,13,879  bushels, an. increase of 32,000,000  bushels over 1911, while Canada's increase in 1913 "over 1912 was only  1,17,7,000- bushels. Great Britain's  total importations reached _29,5S0,-  865- bushels.  Great Britain imported 14,2-15,000  bushels of barley from Russia in  1913, 3,240,533 bushels from Rou-  mania, 5,208,700 bushels from Turkey  in Asia, 832,067 from Germany, and  622,533 bushels .from Austria-Hungary, a total of 24,148,833 bushels.  Canada supplied 5,977,533*' bushels,  and thc United States 10,355,567  bushels. Great Britain's total importations amounted to 52,358,245  bushels. ,  Great Britain imported 9,173,459  bushels of oats from Russi:. in 1913,  11,2.73,459 bushels from Germany,  and 2,007,765 bushels from Itouniania,  a total of 22.454,683 bushels. Canada  supplied 7,734,588 bushels, and the  United States 4,723,814. Great Britain's total importations of oats wero  59,829,950 bushels.  Surely the foregoing figures carry  their own moral to Canadian fanners.  Sir William Ramsay writes to the  London Times, enclosing a translation  of part of an . article which appears  in the current nuniDer of the Coniptes  rendus" of the French Academy of  Science. It is by M. Victor Henri,  a French chemist of the highest reputation; -M. Urbain is one of the most  distinguished scientific ��������� men. Tho  translation is as follows:  :/.'"M;.Urban; who -s had an oppov:  tunity" of examining a nuruber. of German ���������li'ells'r which have failed to explode, informs me that explosive  shells of 77 calibre and shrapnel shells  contain mostly a large ^quantity of  violet brown powder, smeling strongly of white phosphorus, 97 per cent,  of which consist of various kiuds of  phosphorus, the red variety predominating. .  "In the explosive shells the phosphorus is contained in a cylindrical  box, one inch by two inches.    Iu the  Royal Navy to Life  Dog lovers will' be interested in the  following account to the "Scotsman"  respecting the recovery of John Cowan, an A.B. of tho Royal. Fleet Reserve, one of "the crew of the "Formidable," when that: ship was knocked  out in the Channel. When Cowan,  who is a Fifeshire boy, was brought  to Lyme Regis with some other rescued men, he was carried into the  Pilot Boat hotel and placed on the  kitchen floor in tho. belief that he  was dea-d, all efforts to restore him  after he had been lifted out of the  boat having apparently failed. All he  had on was a pair of thin pants and  a vest, and in this meagre dress he  passed through thefearfm experiences  of those unforgettable 22 hours. Seeing that 14 of his comrades, some better clad than he, had succumbed to.  exposure and exhaustion, it is small  wonder that it was thought he, too,  On The Farm  "What do ���������you want with all those  hammocks and phonograph records  and fancy groceries?" as.^ed the storekeeper. Going to have summer  boarders'.'"  "No," replied Farmer Corr.tassel. "I  wouldn't waste all them on summer  boarders. I'm .trying to make the  place attractive "enough to persuade a  few farmhands to linger around an'  help me out with the wheat crop."���������  Kansas City Journal,  shrapnel the balls are contained in a j was aeaa. As he lay there, uncon-  cylindrical-' box, t\yo and cn.e-half scioiis and unattended���������all attention  inches in diameter, and 'the inter-1 oeing concentrated en those who"  stices between thc balls .re filled by ; showed any cign of life���������a remark-  thG violet brOwn powder, containing ; able incident occurred. A dog of the  97 per cent, of phosphorus. The balls i houso, a rough haired cross bred col-  are roughened, so as to retain a cer- J lie, walked to the body and displayed  tain quantity of adhering phosphorus. ; considerable   uneasiness.    "Lassie"���������  "Consequently, fragments of Ger- j for that is the dog's name���������whined  man shells and shrapnel carry into a ; piteous.y, and lay alongside Cowan  wound more ^ .��������� less phosphorus. This [ and began to lick his faco. At the end  should be speedily called t, the no-i of half aii hour, a faint moan, :, movo-  tice of surgeons, for phosphorus pro- j meut of thcboCy, and a glad whining  duces mortification of the tissues i.i . from the dog attracted the attention  contact even .with a shrapnel ball; j of one of th. helpers. The warmth  microbes, especially anaerobic ones, j of tho dog's body against Cowan's  which produce tetanus and gangrene, heart and his assiduous licking of his  find a mealum favorable to their do- : faco had induced circulation. Immedl-  velopment, and tne wound may be ately, willing hands completed the  coma grave. Wounds .. produced by i work' the dog had begun and in a  Gorman shrapnel and shell3 should ; short time Cowan sat up. Since then  therefore be greatly incised and clean-: the dog and Cowan have been Inscp-  ed out with the greatest c:\tc." ) arable, and as Cowan is not yet al-  Sir William adds that the tempera- ' lowed out, he and tho dog spend most  tore of explosion  would convert the ; 0f the time before the kitchen lire cul-  comparatively    h.nnless    red    pbos-; Uvating the acquaintance so curiously  phorus into thc dangerous yellow va- i begun.���������Edinburgh Scotsman,  riety.  Survival  of the Unfit  The Haeckcl doctrine, in fact, is tha  survival of the unfit. Like most Ger-  jman scientists in tho past forty years,  he was a laborious imitator, carrying  the discoveries and theories of other  men a few obvious steps further. The  people he would postulate as survivors would not, in point of usefulness  Th'ose Subtle Germans  In this crisis (Britain's command of  the sea) it occurred to some iron-  crossed genius that if America could  bo persuaded that it was imminently  dangerous for her merchant t;'iips to  approach British ������orts, the /.merican  neutral vessels to carry cargoes to  Germany. Thc idea, was based on  the quite erroneous belief that, the  American people care i'or nothing but  money aud profits. The Kaiser forgot  the American's exuberant sense of  humor.---London Express.  She���������Give me a weclc to think your  proposal over?  i-fe���������Sure. If I'm not married in  that^time, I'll let you know.  all that makes man higher than tho  brute and liftr: him nearer to his God,  the doctrine of the survival of the fittest, thus stated, represents tho suicide of the human race through a  gradual relapse into barbarism.���������Wall  Street Journal.  Wo feel safe in suggesting that tho  Franco-British fleet put the Hell in  the Hellespont.���������Southern Lumber  niuu,  ^y  _____e__H_ni_ [ i-iffm-if* i v_r  -*r     jf.JJl.  1    It   r.���������      Stf-,,1 _.^C_i*J  THE. SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,-   B.,C.   <  it ���������  NEWS OF THE CITY  The cottage owned by William  -Easton, in the Ruckle addition, was  entirely destroyed by fire about S  ^o'clock Wednesday morning. The  house was occupied Mr. Laurie and  family. Mr. and Mrs. -Laurie were  away at their work' when the fire  broke out, and two small children  had been left alone at home. Luckily  the neighbors discovered the blaze  just in time to save the little ones.  An older daughter is in the Cottage  hospital, suffering from typhoid  fever." "  seven candidates in Holy Trinity  church. After the service a recep:  tion was held in-the pa rich hall.  G. J. Fit-,'of the 7th battalion,  who left'Grand Forks with the first  contingent, is reported to be among  the missing.  Mrs. L. Brown, of Nelson,' mother  of Gwynne Brown, of the 54th battalion, - was-the'guest of Rey.~_.nd  Mrs.. C.' AV. King".oyer, tbe - week-end  and the _4th. * : ���������j  The 'Jeldness ski-juhriping cup  won last,wi'nter by E.'E. Engen, of  Phoenix, is.on its way to tbe'Panama,- exposition," where it will be  .placed on exhibition in ,the "Canadian bui ding.'  a ���������.  ^  Mrs. Vant, wife of E. Vant, of  the Crand Forks Transfer company,  arrived in the city on Wednesday  from Nelson. She was accompanied  by her son, and the family will reside here in future.  ... Spraggett, road superintendent,  visited Phoenix on Tuesday.  The directors of the Granby Consolidated, at the meeting in New  York, took no action on any dividends. The company paid dividends about up to,the commencement of thc war, and it has,been  stated that they would be resumed  immediately.  The date of mobilization of' the  54th battelion has been expended to  ���������June 6. May 28 was the date first  named.  Government Agent S. R Almond,  of this city, has been appointed  provincial representative on the  board   of the Cottage hospital.  The voluntary contribution from  the employees of the Granby mine  at Phoenix is well over $600 each  month for the use of the Red Cross.  It is stated that Dr. Averill *is  contemplating erecting a business  block on the corner "of Bridge and  Second streets this .summer.  The bishop of Kootenay arrived  in the city on Monday from Nelson.  In the evening the rite of .confirmation   was   administered to class of  Death of James Walters  James Walters died   fit his home  in Danville   of   tuberculosis "after a  lingering'- illness,   on "Sunday evening.      May   23,    and    the   funaral  was held from his late home in that  town on   Tuesday   afternoon.    The  service' was    conducted   "by Rev.  Charles   \V   King, ��������� of   the    Baptist  church, assisted by   R-v, M. D.-Mc.  ICee, of,Knox church, Grand Forks,,  'and the interment was made' in   the  cemetery just aboveiDanville." Three  favorite   hymns   with   the deceased  were sung during the   service   by a  ladies' quartette [consisting of  Mes-  dames Page, Grunwell and Burgess,  Miss Belt leading.    The   pallbearers  were Messrs  S  Burgess, J.  C Olin,  James   C    Price,    Garrett     Wel������h',  James K.-atheley and J   M. Poison.'  There were many floral tribute.-'.and  the large concourse of friends   from  the countrywide   attested   to the es  teem in which Mr Walters was held.  There survive him Mrs. Walters and  a daughter and two" brothers���������Mrs  Ivy S. Nelson, William   Walters   of  Phoenix, and John Walters ,of  Calgary���������all   of   whom    were   present  at the  service,    excepting the    last  named.    Mrs. Walters, who resided  eome time in Grand   Forks, add   is  well known and esteemed by a large  circle   of   friends here as well as in  Danville, will have the deepest sympathy of all in her sorrow.  The Lusitania  A little more than three years ago  we awoke one morning to  learn that  Getting into the Home  Women buy more than  two-thirds the.merchandise sold in retail stores  and every woman reads  the Classified Want Ads.  Our paper goes into the  homes and the Want  Ads. will reach the  . Soend������rs.  FOR.SALE-FARM LAND  <_Qn I'liR ACRE���������TlKM.lrt rnuliitii) much "f  ���������$_iU 812 iicr.s, at Ca.ciidi-, can be pur-  chu'-crl at ?20 pur acre, if tsikeis ut once. \V.  K. Ksliiipr  owner, Ros-lund, H. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKKS WANTliO ������s (incuts for our hijrli  .riid. bicxi-les Wrjtp for low nrl.e* lo  THOri. PUMLEY'S CYCLE WORK., VICTORIA, U. C.  BOOT   REPAIRING   ,  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stancLon Bridge street and will manufacture  New Harness ^$*%������&  ���������   work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  >  A. A. Frechette  wmvmi  Here We Are!  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour.  "     Oats  "     Porrioge Oats  " "     Ferina  " "     Graham  " "     WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by  IOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  TAKli  your   repairs  to   A'rnison,  Ll>oo   re  pairer.    The   Hub.    Look   for  the   Bisr  Bool  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH P'KTOES paid for old Sto.v������-  and   Kiingcs.    Ii. C.  Peeklmiu,   _.coud-  hiinVl Store. * -  FOR RENT-HOUSES    .    ,'  GOOD  five room  house; two   blocks   from  post office.   Apply this office. ..  WATER   NOTICE  ( DlYKHSION AND USE. )       t<-  TAKE NOTICE that Mrs. Jennie Morrison,  I whose addresses (iiand Korkh.Ji C, will  sipply for a licence to take and use 20 acre-  feet o. water out of Kettle River. whfch flows  south-easterly and drains into Columbia  River-near, Marcus, Washin.lon. U.S.A., The  water will be diverted from tho stream at a  point 950 feet south-easterly from thc northeast corner of Lot 1699 and will bo used tor  irrigation and domestic purposes upon the  land described as part of r,ot 1699. This  notice wa* posted on ihe ground o'i the 27th  day of Apr 1,1!)1.'>. A copy of this no'ice and  annpnlication pursuant iherO o and to the  'Water Act, 1911." will be filnd in the office  of the rt ater Recorder at Grand Forks, B.i!.  Objections to the application may be filed  with the said Water Recorder or with tho  Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, B. C , within thirty days  after the first appearance of 'this notice in a  local newspaper. The date of the first publication of this notice is April 30th, 1915.  MRS. JENNIE MORRISON, Applicant.  the Titanic, the large:t and most  magnificent of ships, had struck an  iceberg on her,-maiden voyage, and  gone to the bottom of the sea. Fifteen hundred men, women and children went down with her.  ���������- The world was aghast with horror  and touched to the heart with pity.  It dwelt for months on the story of  the tragedy, on its searching pathos,  and on the heroism and self sacrifice  to which it gave birth. Suppose we  had been told then, when our hearts  were softened, that the time would  shortly come when men should reproduce that terrible disaster delib  erately and of set purpose? We  could not have believed it.  For although war is always possi  | ble, we could not foresee a struggle  between the great nations.of Europe  ,80 desperate and so pitiless as that  which is now going on. Moreover^  we could not imagine that in warfare  waged by civilized people,either bel  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made  to Order.,  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  ligerent'would wantonly destroy ������  steamship' crowded with, .tioncon -  bathnts and citizens of- neutral nations, without givina the pHSt.enge'8.  time to save their .iv'-s.  The invention of    the   submarine  has put a frightful   weapon   of   de ,  struction into thn bands of    fighting |  navies.    Germany,  .so    far   ".over-'  matched in other  branches   of   sea  power that it can not risk   its  battle |  fleet in the open, has, determined to  make every possible use of stealthy  and ��������� almost" invisible   submarines.  When it directsits torpedoes against  warships of-Us enemies, it  is   fully  within its belligerent rights.   To destroy merchant ships, if   a chance is  given to crew and passengers to save  their liyeX is-' I'gilimnte also.- -But  ,ihe horror, with- which, ihe world  .viVws. the'destruction'of "the Lusi-.  t;Jnia, with more- than a thousand  human beings, none of whom ,are  enemies in arms.and many of whom1  are women and children, must menu  that'when this war is finished something will be done by the nations lo  make such exploits impossible." We  can not afford to give up any of the  restrictions that civilization has put  on the brutality of war. That way  lies -a return to barbarism -and  worse. For a barbarian armed with  the -veapon8 that modem science can  supply would be something more-  terrible than the world has'ever  .seen.���������Youths' Companion.  icycles  English  3-Speed"  the   High-Grade  Wheels  Gear   and  Cleveland  I have, opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock. , . ���������  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty"  First and  Main  !  Grand Forks,  B. C.  J. R. Mooyboer Krst(lnd Main -ts  fi-Class Furniture  d Wlien.in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any'room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from lis.  __ We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you.are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  II We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range, of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  :���������)  -     "-j  ii


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