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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Nov 10, 1916

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 '\>  ^Tj *r*gtalBti^XIl^ry^C?5;]  Kettle Valley Orchardist  lilkr ���������''' "  O-I-Cl ..      ,  "**!, ,.  'w^c-^---'  11    "    J    1    -  /       >V.     "   "������  '7>- *  - A? A  "  ��������� v  -  v    .,  '���������  \  -    NOV  15.  1             <  ,\  *.  J--./   ���������;  ������  "\  t  SIXTEENTH YEAR���������No'. 2  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, NOVEMBER 10, 1910  '~&u\  TU  :o.o.;:per'YEAR  Closest Contest in the States  Since the Famous Hays-  Til den Election  Although it may take the official  count to decide the American election, it seetns reasonably certain that  Wood row Wilson has been re-elected  president. The latest returns give  him 269 electoral votes to 255 for  Hughes. California is the deciding  sfctte. Although the returns from that  state are .-not complete, Wilson has a  suhstantial lead there. Oklahoma and  New Mexico are still in the donbtful  column, but the votes of these states  will nob alter the result provided  Wilsou carries California.  or incomes. Here ia a problem which  confronts    not   only    the   federaJ,,  but the provinciarjovernment, and  which far transcends   iu importance  any other.   It has  not   been   faced;  the royal commission which  visited  Victoria   some   months  ago  was  a  howling farm', bent  on   discovering  nothing.    Elsewhere some phases of  the problem have   been   tackled   by  the   people   themselves, as   in Calgary, where the women   broke   the  fish    "ring."     They   could    easily  break some of the "rings" in British  Columbia   if   they   made  up their  minds to do so, and The  Week   reiterates its opinion   that  individual  action is necessary if anything  is to  be achieved.    It   further holds that  uulessthe federal government wakes  up to a   realization   of   the general  facts   outlined   above, it   will   not  have a "corporal's guard"' to ��������� support it west of the Great Laker after  the next general, election.  spell the end of war by the nations  consenting to a common rule among  themselves.- They could impose  upon the remainder of the world a  rule of peace."  Possibilities Should I, S. end  Latin-Americans   Join  Entente League  '.'���������'.���������( ���������'���������'-*'  The High Cost of Living  Undoubtedly the question of the  moment is the high oost of living,  says the Victoria' Week, and the solution rests partly in the' hands of  the federal government, and partly  in the hands of the public As long  as the latter are supine the cost!*of  living will continue to rise. As soon  as there is any public sentiment on  the.subject, and not before, the government will act. At present there,  is no s'udh'seutiment, and the rea-  son is not far to seek. East pf the  Great Lakes Candian manufacturers  are rolling up wealth,and..Canadian  workmen-are working-full time and  at high -wages. . In.addition,- for the  * fi rs t"'. 11 uie* i ntt ti e ;h isto.ry ^of.- Can ad a,-  boys.'and .girls are  making' muni--  . dons'"and' other war supplies, and  /addingHo' the*rfamilyl-tr.easury.". -It- is  a case-of "easy'come, easy go." The"  price of bread may be doubled, the  price of meat, fish and sugar may  go lip 50 per cent or more* but as  long at wages are high nobody cares  Between the Great  Lakes   and  the'  . Rockies, while there is less industrial prosperity, the enormous price of  wheat has rendered the whole of the  country "'prosperous.'. Here -'again  the .income is . sufficiently high" to  render the people.indifferent to' the  monthly.diagram published at Ottawa which tells of the steadily rising barometer in the cost of living.  West of the Rockies everything is  different; there is no golden grain  soaring towards ������2 a bushel, and  there,are few manufacturing industries. The real estate boom is dead,  nothing has taken its place; 32,000  men have gone to the war; the population of British Columbia has  fallen nearly 100,000 from the maximum; the average rate of wage is  at least 25 per cent, lower than the  maximum, but the cost of living  keeps going up every month, and is  now 30 per cent higher than five  years ago. How long can this continue? How long will it be before  the population of the province will  be still further depleted? Nothing  but British tenacity has kept our  people here, and no one knows what  the effort has cost, but with a prospect of at least two years more war,  it is time to begin to think seriously  and the most serious subject is the  cost of living, because it is possible  to bring that down, while it is not  possible, sensibly, to advance wages  I  ir  Thomas Crosby, who was fatally  injuied at the Main street crossing of  the Kettle Valley railway on Thursday of last week, died at the Grand  Fo'rks hospital Sunday morning, after  having regained consciousness but for  one hour after the accident occurred.  The funeral was held at 9 o'clock  Monday morning from the home of  Hugh Crosby, Rev. Father Pellitier  conducting the service, interment he-  mg made in Evergreen cemetery.  A.multitude of'friends and. acquaintances of" the family followed the remains to the cemetery, where the last  rites were held. Deceased was 29  years of. age, and is survived by a  wife and three small children, besides  many relatives in this city. The late  Mr. Crosby 'was in the prime of life at  the.time of his.death, an industrious  workman and a good citizen. Much  symdat'hy is ....expressed for the be-  reave_d_iatmly.^������g^^*,^';i^iar.  C. J'r Leggatt, the well known  Greenwood lawyer, was taken ill last  May, and since then he had resided  in Midway,'untillast week, when his  mind gave way and-he was adjudged  insane by Drs. MacLeanand Ritchie.  He was taken to the insane asylum  by Constable Stewart, of Phoenix,  last Saturday.  . Operations at the properties of the  Granby'Consolidated, have-'got- back  to a level which should be more' fully  reflected in the November output than  in"the October results, says a report  from "Boston. The August and September copper yield dropped below  the 4,000,000 pound mark.  The scholars of the Cascade school  making 80 per cent or over in October were: Senior fourth, Ethel Carlson; junior fourth, Maud Ringer;  inter-grade, Marion Carlson; junior  grade, Gail and Willie Robertson.  The school children Kent H to the  prisoners of war fund.  ME1EOROLOGICAL  O. G. Dunn, of this city, who  held  ticket  No. 101,   won   the    Ford   cat-  owned   by the   late George Evans in  the drawing at Greenwood last   Mon  day night.  Richard  Blumenauer,   formerly  of  Now Denver, and Miss   Alice   Swan-  nell, of Nelson, were married   in   the  latter city last week.   They will make  1 their home in Grand Forks,  There are still a few carloads of  winter apples to be shipped out  of this valley. Some of the shippers complain of a scarcity of wrapping paper.  Tim Eaton, formerly employed in  the assay office at the Gran by smelter,  returned to the city this afternoon  from California.  London, Nov. 8.���������Sir Leo Chiozza  Money, M.P., well known economist  and member of the war trade advisory committee, ha> written an  article entitled '-Trustees of Civiliza  tion���������the United States as Judge of  the Supreme Court."    In it he says:  "It was inevitable that the United  Stirtes could not remain a mere  spectator of the European conllagra-  tion. The United States government has domionion over one of the  few great territories of a small world,  a world which science is ever rendering smaller in relation to man's  activities by multiplying the means  of locomotion and communication.  The time has gone forever when any  part of the world'couldlook on with  indifference or detachment while another part suffered that suspension  of civilization which we call war."  Sir Leo declares further:  ."The American government finds  itself compelled, in the interests  alike of humanity, of treaty rights  and of the immediate safety of its  subjects, to fake a determined band  in the bloody affairs of the old  world and to assort itself as the chief  trustee of affronted civilization."  Either the war, Sir Leo goes on,  must end in such a peace "as will  end for mankind the ' possibility of  its_ renewal," or the world in the  whole will be exposed to hideous  hazards. Against these hazards,given  an inconclusive peace, each power  would have to prepare armaments  of a kind and degree which would  reduce'the warlike preparations of  the past to a microscopic scale.  Further, Sir Leo says:  "What (I venture to put it to any  neutral citizen of this integral world)  ought to-be the attitude of every  sane man. towards the new dangers  .which confront the safety of the nations and the very;-safety of man?  '.' . . It is the manifest duty*.of  every spectator to leave the auditorium for the arena; to pass from  spectator to man of action; to leave  contemplation for the honor of man  kind and the safety and welfare of  his posterity.  'There is a great pact in the new  world between the British empire,  France, the Russian empire,, and  Italy to war upon the central empire until Belgium,Serbia and Montenegro are restored in their right  and liberties and until the menace  of Prussian militarism and all that  goes with it is ended.    ...  "Here, then, we have cojoined for  a great and common  purpose  some  ,800,000,000. or one-half of all  the  i people of all  the   world.    Consider,  then, the   possibilities for the world  which would obtain if  to these   we  'add the 100,000,000 of   the   United  States  of   America,   bringing   with  Uhem, as they   undoubtedly   would,  the assent, acclamation  and   possi  bly   lively   consent   of   70,000,000  Latin-Americans.     Within  such   a  pact   as   this   there could   in   very  truth be made treaties.which  would  The  following  is  the  minimum  and maximum'temperature for each  day   during   the   past   week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Mm.    Max.  Nov.     3���������Friday  38        - 44  4���������Saturday   .... 39 47  5���������Sunday  34 45  6-rMonday  28 42  7���������Tuesday  24 34  . 8���������Wednesday .. 29 36  9 -Thursday  30 44  Inches  Rainfall  0 63  Snowfall     2 8  I3!st and Universities Corps  Reviewed by Government  Officials at Ottawa  Kennedy-Rhodes  On Wednesday morning, November 8. James St. John Kennedy, of  Great Falls, Mont., and Miss Cecelia  Rhodes, of Grand Forks, were  quiet.ly married at the home of  Mayor Acres, Rev. M. D. McKee  performing the ceremony. Mr. and  Mrs. Kennedy left on the morning  Great Northern train for their future home in Great Falls. The best  wishes of their many friends in this  city went with them  The Best of the Bargain  You get a bargain when you get  The Youth's Companion for 1917  for 82.25���������52 issues crowded from  cover to cover with the reading you  most mjoy. -But you get the best of  the bargain if you subscribe the  minute yon read-this, for then you  will get free every number of Thp  Companion issued betwren the time  you subscribe and New Year's. If  you send your 82 25 at once that  means a lot of .reading for which  you won't have t) pay a cent. An'd  then the long, glor ous 52 weeks of  Companion reading to come after!  Let us send you the Forecast for  1917, which tells all about what is  in store for Companion readers in  1917.  Our offer includes:  1, The .Youth's Companion���������52  issues of 1917. ---'   '  2. All  the   remaining   issues   of  1916  3.."The Companion Home Calendar for 1917.    '  The Youth's Companion, 40 St.  Paul St, Boston, iVass. New sub  scriptions received at this office.  Christmas packages to prisoners of  war and to the men in the trenches  must be sent within the next few  days if they are to reach the intended parties before the   holiday   season.  E. O Boak went over to Molson  on Tuesday to vote for Wilson. He  returned today, rejoicing because his  candidate was elected.  Matthews Bros have purchased the  Pribilsky building on First street,  and will convert the sumo into an up-  to dato garage.  W. H. Beach, tin; Christina Lake  postmaster and merchant, was a visitor in the city on Wednesday.  Rev. Archdeacon Beer, of Kaslo, is  the guest of Rev. E. A. St. George  Smyth at Christina Lake.  the Ottawa Citizen of the 30th  ult. says: The inspection of two  western battalions on Parliament  Hill yesterday morning was of more  than usual interest not only from  the fact that they were among the  best regiments which have visited  Ottawa, but also that one of them,  the 131st, was commanded by ab  former Ottawa man, Lieut. Col. J.  D. Taylor, M.P. for New Westmin-  ter. The other unit was the 196th,  made up of university students of  the four western provinces, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and  British Columbia. It is commanded  by Lieut.-Col. Mackay, M.D, of  Winnipeg, who has already been at  the front with the 27th battalion.  T Eel 31st came from Central eta-  tion and the 196th from Union sta-  tion. Thay marched up to Parliament Hill and were ready for the  inspection, which began at 9:30 a.  m. They were greeted by Sir Robert  and Lady Borden, Hon. Robert  Rogers, Hun. Mr. Crothers, Hon.  Martin Burrell, Hou. Frank Cochrane and Gen. Sir Sam Hughes.  The guest of honor at the inspi-ctiun  was Lieut. Zinovi Pecbkoff, a Russian with the French Foreign Legion, who lost his arm in the present  war. He is the son of the Russian  author, better known as Maxime  Gorky. He has won the Croix de  Guerre and-the Medaille Militaire,  two marks of distinction giveu by  the French army foi bravery in the  field. He wore a sk y blue uniform,  which made him particularly distinguishable at the inspection.  The  minister  of militia was  accompanied by his military secretary,  Col. C. F. Winter, Major   Daly  and -.  Col. George P. Murphy..';0.ther niem---  bers of  the   headquarters staff 'p*fes-'  entwere: Geu. Gwatkin, Gen. Hod-  gins, Gen. Macdonald,  Gen. Biggar,  Lieut.-Col.    Mclnnes,     Lieut. Col.  Palmer,   Lieut.-Col.   E.   E. Clarke,  Lieut.-Col.   J.   F.    Macdonald   and  others.  The members of the company of  sharpshooters present were given  the position of honor near the premier during the review. They were  Lieut.-Col. Todd, Col. Winter, Col.  Mayuaid Rogers, Thomas Fuller, D.  Matheson,J. Firth, A. Cowan,Frank  Newby and Capt. H. Cameron.  The troops were inspected by the  premier and representatives of the  government, after which they  marched past in column ol platoons  and back to column of route.  In his address to the officers, Sir  Robert Borden praised the troops  and referred to Lieut. Col. Taylor, a  former Ottawa man, returning to his  native city at the head of so splendid a battalion.  Mrs. James Blake is visiting friends  in Greenwood.  James Blake is now running a  train out of Golden" on the main line  of theC.P.R.  Tho snow which made its appearance'a few days ago is rapidly making  is disappearance.  ^jtt!5*^-!!^!!!^ ''"'"���������"'"?''���������"?'""^ V  ffHE    SUN.    GRAND    FQRKS._   B. C.  A BKIGliT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  \:  Development of  Western Industries  Dr..   Milton   Herscy    Returns   From  Industrial      Research      Trip  Through the West  Or. liis arrival here after a tour  through the West for purposes of industrial research, Dr. Milton Herscy,  of Montreal, states that the greatest  opportunity of the prairie provinces  now lies: in.'the manufacture of soaps  and fertilizers and the gradual development of the flax and paper industries, says the Winnipeg Telegram.  This progress, he says,".however, is  contingent upon cheap fuel and urges  that.fuel possibilities be improved.  On the . west coast, Dr. Herscy  says, the chief -opportunity now lies  in the development of the iron ,-in-:  dustry; ";v"':. ;\;"V-'.:.:.;. -.^' './;  - Dr. Mersey .'undertook, the present  trip chiefly -at' the instance of the  Canadian Northern and Grand Trunk  railways to investigate industrial possibilities in the West and so encourage development and progress. He  is- also treating the situation iira  general way,...however; and has established large * offices and labora-  tc-rcs in: Winnipeg, whcre_ industrial  research work will be caerrid on with  a view to assisting industrial enterprises, in improving and cheapening  . thtir.practise.  Dr. Hcrsey says that the west coast  badly needed, the .-'-iron-'industry, developed. "They have superb ore  there," lie said, and the best of coal  ���������but no iron or steel works.  "They have everything in their  favor now to.'make pig-iron cheaper  than in the United. States. All that  is required is capital, and courage to  effect a wonderful development.  "The ore is not surpassed even by  . the Michigan ore, and' their fuel :'s  already   world   renowned."  Dr. Herscy spoke highly of the  feeling among the business mcn_ at  the coast. There is'a general feeling of confidence that indicated a  substantial improvement: in condi-  lions, he said.  Many of the business men in Vancouver,, loo, realize _lhe need for Just  such development as that outlined.  They believe in the great mineral  wealth ofi the province and are cagcr  to have it developed.  The copper industry is being pushed ahead just now," Dr. Hersey said,  and good progress is being made.  ��������� An interesting phase of development is the smelling of zinc. 'This-is'  a new industry in Canada during the  past year. The quality, Dr. Hcrsey  said, is excellent and impurities are  negligible.  "The zinc industry," he said,, "has  undoubtedly come to slay. So far,  however, there are no zinc smellers  anywhere in Canada save at Trail."  In the prairie provinces Dr. Hcrsey regarded the manufacture of  soaps, fertilizers and the gradual development of the paper and flax industries as the principal opportunities. These, however/are contingent  on cheap fuel.       '  "The coal situation must be developed," he said. "There arc large  ���������deposits and it should be greatly improved. The Saskatchewan and Alberta lignites must be developed  and  ways found  for using them."  Dr. Hcrsey pointed out that there  were large deposits of pilch in Northern Alberta.  "J expect these to become a great  source of revenue," he said, "but wc  need now "to determine what they are  best suited for."  His firm, lie said, had already commenced experiments in Montreal with  ������. view to determining this question.  He had recently received the contract to supervise all the paving  work of the city of Montreal.  Another possibility of the prairies  is the development of the clay industries, Dr. Hcrsey continued.^ In the  provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan there are enormous deposits of  all kinds of clay from kaolin or china  clay to the best of fire clay, as well  as the commoner varieties. From  certain of these clays, particularly  the kaolin, the very best of china can  be made.  Since the establishment of his Winnipeg offices and laboratories, Dr.  Kersey's relations with the West, always close, are likely to becoini  deeper and his work of industrial research may he expected to bring *.o  light interesting discoveries and rediscoveries of western treasures from  lime to lime.  Sanity in Education  Benefits of Technical Training as Exemplified in Germany  Commenting on the German system of technical education, which he  strongly advises other nations to  adopt, Lord Haldanc, the idinous  British   educationalist,   says:  "Germany has induced employers  to co-operate, and they now appear  to have realized the advantages ovcr  theircompetitors which they will de  Trees as Snow Guards  Railways  Planting Trees  to  Protect  Lines from Drifting Snow .  and   Sand  The railways of Canada arc taking  an increasing interest in the planting  of trees and shrubs to .secure belter  control of drifting snow and drifting  sand, both of which interfere seriously with  the operation of trains.  Easlof Montreal near Vaucluse, in  Quebec, light drifting sand has given  rive from a wide and constant inflow: trouble to the Canadian Pacific Rail  into the work of youths highly trained in. the special requirements of the  business in which they arc wanted.  The employers contribute to the  special, schools and take an actual  part in their management. The  teachers are partly schoolmasters  and partly foremen trained to teach.  "The object of the employer is to  get. a highly-trained man. The object  of the state is to" get that man well  prepared  and  educated  for  his  duty  way since the very thin sod was  plowed up. - Hot boxes resulted to  rolling slock and passengers suffered  from dust. The ordinary right-of-  way fence was covered by.^he sand,  and cattle could stray out on the  track. Snow fences were used to  some advantage, but in a bad season  these would be almost, covered up. ���������:'  "In 1915 a number of grasses, including Bromc, were planted, "but  perished from the heat,- which is ex-  Nfitting an Enemy   -  Under Sea Boat  The Potato  as a citizen.   The new type of school,'/cessivc on  these  exposed sand beds  "    ' '        ' "      "        '      ������������������������������������-���������-  This spring, 3,500 cuttings of cotton-  wood (Populus deltoides) and ,1,000  one-year transplanted jack pines were  planted. An examination made after  the trees and cuttings were ��������� in the  ground a month showed that approximately' 95 per cent, were making  good progress. *  The cottonwod was placed,in rows  two and one-half feet apart, the distance between the rows being four  feet. The jack pine was planted in  rows six feel apart, distance between  the rows being five feet. The distance from the.last row to the centre  of the track is about 150 feel. All  the planting parallels the track.  It ���������is hoped that the vigorous  growth of the coltonwood will protect the jack pine.until-such lime as  the latter can take care of itself. If  results prove satisfactory, other situations along the company's line will  be planted in the near future. The  unusual amount of rain which has occurred this spring and early summer  has contributed very materially to  the prospects  of success.  For a permanent snow fence which  Avould grow rapidly and have sufficient foliage, 6,000. Norway spruce and  15,000 caragana were planted. The  former were five-year transplants, of  from 20 to 24 inches "Height, of heavy  sturdy crown and well-developed  root S3'Slem. The caragana were  from 30 to "48 inches in height and  about three y'ca'rs of age.    The cara-  fashioned- on the Kerschcnsleinc  plan, aims at" accomplishing- these  combined, purposes. These schools  are of varieties -as regards instruction corresponding to the varieties  of trades. : There are schools for  young metal workers, for wood workers, for engineers, plumbers, masons,  butchers, bakers, waiters and other  occupations, including those of  women.   ���������  "The employer is compelled by law  to send the young wage earners in  his works to the appropriate school  ���������for a number of hours, which arc taken out of the working times instead  of the evening. In this way construction coines while the mind -is still  fresh. The system is a modern substitute for apprenticeship. The employers in Germany appear to be  welcoming it, and ihc adult workman is glad to.be relieved from the  intrusion of the unskilled.  "I will illustrate the working of the.  system from Munich itself as it was  before the war. It is said that in that  city, with its 600,000 inhabitants, all  the boys, with the exception of about  8 percent., when they left the elementary school at 14. went at once  to_: be .taught trades which they had  chosen. They then, attended during  the next four years a special and  compulsory trade continuation school  which combined practical and theoretical work for from eight to ten  hours a week taken out of working  hours.. At the end of the four years  many of them went on with voluntary instruction in higher technical  schools outside working hours.  "And there is another point with  regard to the German system. It  aims at applying the boy to the work  to which his. mind is particularly  bent. At the age of 14 the schoolmaster will ask" hiiTK "What would  you like your work in life to be?"  The boy thinks of a number of things  and casts his mind over the subject  in life which appeals to him most.  The majority of boys like to make  something- or another.and most have  a talent for construction in some material.  "The boy may answer: 'I would  like to make knives.' The schoolmaster will reply: 'Would you like  to make a knife now?' The boy  naturally wants to. There and then  he is taken off to- a factory and allowed, with the help of a workman,  to make a knife from the first pro-  ces's to the last. That is his initiation  into technical  education."  "Doctor,   my   brother   stepped   in   ;'t  ole and wrenched his kucc, and now  he limps.    What would  vou do  in  r  case   like   that?"  "I'm  afraid   I   should  limp,  too!"  Granulated Eyelids.  Eye������ inflamed by expo*  sure to Sun, Dusland WlnJ  ciuickljr relieved by Moriaa  l!ye Beaudy. No Smarting,  or... JUit Eyc Comfort. At  Vour Druffgut'g 50c perBotlle. Murine Eyo  IeIveinTubei25c. ForBoafeaffbflEycFrceatk  Prugguu oi MjutoeEye Scanty Co., Cklug*  W.     N      U.     J120  Parrot 52 Years Without Water.  A man charged before a London  magistrate, for cruelty to two goats  by keeping them tethered away from  water, pleaded in excuse that goats  never drink  water.  This is not so. Goals do drink,  though very sparingly. There arc,  however, at least two species of gazelles thai have never been known to  drink; and it is certain that unless  the huanacocs, or wild Llamas of  Patagonia drink salt water, in many  localities they must drink none al all.  The large and interesting group of  sloths arc alike in never drinking. A  parrot is recorded to have lived for  52 years without a drop of water.  It is often said that rabbits in a  wild stale never drink. This is in a  sense correct, but they feed on the  grass when it is heavy with dew, and,  therefore, practically drink when eating. Sheep require little or no water  in the autumn and winter, when they  are feeding on turnips.  gana, as well as 1,500 lilacs used in  mixture for snow breaks, are from  the nursery of the company at Wol-  seley, Sask. ..  The following methods of planting were carried .out: Where the distance from the track to the right-  of-way fence is over 50 feet, a "stai-  dard" break was put in, viz., one row  of spruce was planted 8 feet apart,  and in front of this, caragana were  placed two and- one-half feet apart.  The distance between the rows is 6  feet. If there was only 50 feet between the track and the fence, one  row of Norway 'spruce was "planted  6 feet apart, or two rows of caragana  4 to 6 feet apart. On several situations one row of caragana Avas planted. ���������  The opcn-gTownr_Norway spruce is  the best tree that can be used for  snow breaks in Eastern Canada. ,'It  is of rapid" growth, is comparatively  free from enemies, and branches  close to the ground. It will require  protection from fire. It is expected  that the Norway spruce will be effective as a���������snow break alone in five  years.-  Caragana arborcscens, the Siberian  pea tree, when well trimmed, at its  present height ought to provide a  good mesh for snow break the second  year after planting. Caragana is  hardy, free from insect activities, not  attacked by cattle, of quick growth  and beautiful foliage. It sprouts  well.  At some of the company's stations  spruce, caragana and lilac were used  for wind break and for improving the  grounds. ��������� B.M.W. in Conservation.  Men of the British Navy Don't Like  Drowning a Sub.  Men of the British navy have taken  many submarines of the enemies out  of their wire traps. That they  make these undersea boats over and  send them out as English submarines  to torpedo other craft of the enemy  is taken for granted, though it is not  admitted in the official report. Worcester men may hayc made some of  the wire in the traps which have captured the -German and Auslrian submarines, and there may be some satisfaction in that part of the work.  Englishmen whose duty is to take in  the trapped diving boats do not like  the work. It is the most gruesome  .of all the.ghoulish business of the  great war in Europe, they claim.  An English doctor who has been  with the "rescue"- crews,' tells the  story, but he.admits there is no sense  of rescue about it, for nothing is done  to raise-the submarine from, the trap  until all on board are dead and it is  the most horrible of all the deaths of  war, the doctor claims. When a submarine strikes one of the thousands  of wire nets set all around the British Isles, there is no known means of  escape. Every move of ,t-h'e boat  means more mixing up with the enmeshed wires. And the wires also  telegraph the capture to a naval station automatically. Then a destroyer  boat hurries to the trap like a hunter  who discovers that game has been  caught in his deadfall. The destroyer  lakes a position above the submerged  boat.  1 And the doctor is still more graphic in further description. "Then  there is nothing to do but wait,  sometimes for hours, sometimes for  days. Officers and men of the waiting vessel know what's going^ on  down in the green depths. They  know that in time bubbles will come  to- the surface and oil will spread  over the sea. The destroyer waits  for the bubbles, 'death bubbles,' they  call them, for they tell ��������� of death  struggles going on in the submarine."  That may seem simple to people who  never tried it, and of course-an Englishman should not bother about how  much an enemy of his country suffers  in- war time.  Still men arc all ' more or less  human in their thoughts, if not in  their acts, and the doctor says it is  frightful there over' an expiring  corps of men who arc experts hi the  worst-kind of warfare practised. They  suffer until the horrible end, and in  some cases it appears that the wait- ,  ing men safe about them "suffer more  and longer until the dcath^ bubbles  rise to the lop and show through the  oil, and then the .hoisting: crane  comes and lifts up the submarine'and  the net and the discntanglementtakcs  place.    ���������'.'.' '-'���������''���������'.'������������������  And you may expect; to read what  the English naval ,. men find in the  German submarine. Oh that point  the doctor says: "Seamen who'fought  through the malcstrom of Skagcr  Rac will tell you their story, but no  sailor speaks of the sights seen in a  recovered submarine. Those sights  make strong men weak and drive  sensitive nicn^delirious with horror."  Then there is something about the  war which is not allowed even to get  as far as the censors. It is too horrible for the observers to talk" about.  And sailors arc not as a rule squeamish. For that reason and some  others, it is probably hot true that  for months, as the cable reports have  it, the German people have been urging the Imperial Government to turn  the submarines loose to do their  worst with the peaceful shipping of  all   nations.���������Worcester  Telegram.  Early   History Associated   With the  Elizabethan Period  Canadian Subs Did It First.  What is really novel about the  Dcutschland's trip is not that she  crossed the Atlantic, but that she is  the first cargo-carrying mercantile  submarine vessel in the world. A  year ago ten British submarines, the  parts of which were made in the United States, voyaged without mishap  from Montreal to Portsmouth, 3,600  miles. To be surc,_ there were no  German .warships which could attack  them, anil they had the convoy of  one or more British cruisers. In  sending submarines from their home  ports to the Dardanelles botli Germany and Great Britain long ago  made marvellous long distance records.���������The Outlook.  Belgium in Africa.  The Belgians are playing a powerful part in the conquest of Germany's last colony, in East Africa,  in  conjunction  with British' forces.  It will be remembered that the  Belgians began" the general offensive  in May. Since then they have established themselves on two of the  great lakes, Victoria Nyauza and  Lake Tanganikyt, after having destroyed the German defenses on the  latter. They have also driven the.  Germans completely from territory  stretching eastwards and northwards  that includes four million natives,  who are    glad to have    a change of  Decorations for the Wounded.  All officers and men who may have  been wounded in the present war  since it began are in future to wear  gold braid on their sleeves. The following are the distinctions:��������� Strips  of gold Russian braid, No. 1, two  inches in length, sewn perpendicularly on the left sleeve of the> jacket to  mark each occasion on which wounded. In the case of officers, the  lower end of the first strip of gold  braid will be immediately above the  upper point of the flap on cuff. Warrant officers, non-commissioned-officers and men will wear the gold braid  on the left sleeve, the lower edge of  the braid to be three inchs from Ihc  bottom of the sleeve. The additional  strips of gold braid, marking each  subsequent occasion on which wounded, will be placed on cither side of  the original one al half-inch intervals.  When Sir Waller Raleigh- decorated his already over-decorated  Elizabethan tunic with :r potato  blossom, people suspected that back  of it all there was a mild form of  lunacy.  But, when   he   ate   the   tubers   and  also   recommended   others to  do   the  same   they changed their minds, ��������� that.  is   they   no   longer   considered   it     a.  mild form. ������ ,  The potato belongs lo the same  family of plants as the deadly nightshade, which is extremely poisonous.  Wc know it to be a common notion  in medieval limes that if one- member of a. family were guilty of crime  the whole lot were eligible for punishment. Consequently the potato  was condemned.  . Could'Sir Walter have looked forward two or three lumdrcd years and  have seen his pet'tuber taking firs! ���������  place in popularity among vegetables,  could_ he have known that in the  twentieth century it would -furnish a  quarter of the food eaten by tin  white race, he would have based his  hope of posthumus fame not upon his  ability to soothe the somewhat peppery temper of his sovereign with  shiploads of Spanish gold, but- upon  his potato patch.  The potato is put to a greater variety of uses than is any other vegetable.     An   Irishman   onceJ selected  a bushel of them as a duelling weapon; with the, result that before half"  were used his antagonist ran away.  At Mrs. Abbott's , select  .'boarding  house, they    appear    in various  dis  guises   three  times  a  day.  ���������   In   thir  case, of course, they arc not" used fo.'  belligerent purposes,  this  being con  sidcred  the  prerogative  of -the  egg;-  and butter.  - Many thousands of bushels an  used each year in the manufacture o!  alcohol. They are also fed- to hog:-  and cattle and are an excellent -fattening- feed. Much of the starcn  used in ihc laundry business is finished - by the potato. Prince Edward Island is an important scat a  this industry. -  ���������  .'rhis vegetable is a native of Am  erica.     It grows   wild ��������� in   Colorado,  and urder    similar    conditions a>ori'..  the slopes  of the Andes.    "  Its early history is not authentic  It was cultivated in Peru and Mexicc  when the Spaniards visited-Americ:  in the _ sixteenth century.-' In al  probability these sailors introduces -  it into their own country.  Some say it. was introduced intc  Britain by Sir Thomas Herriot am'  not by Raleigh as is popularly supposed. However this may- be, w(  know that it was the latter who advo  caled its use as human food-and whe  first caused attention to 'be- directed  towards^ it.  In 1856 potatoes were irilroducci  into Ireland. - In that year a plot < !  them "was 'planted near Cork. Ai  first they met with "much opposition,  but by those who did use them thc\  were, like Niagara Falls, very highlj  spoken of.  Shortly after this Queen Elizabetl  became a  convert to the use of th-  potato and it was served on the roya'r  table.    Etiquette  made it  impossibh  for  anyone   to   refuse   to  partake -i;  the  new  dish.    But  this  did not  in  crease its  popularity.    Several mem  bers of the court asserted that the;   '  had been poisoned by the tubers an!  had only  narrowly     escaped     death  Strange to sa}-, the Queen acquiesca  to   the  wishes  of  her  courtiers   anc"  potatoes were not served again.  But though prejudice may caus-  delays, its effects arc never perman  cnt. The potato soon became recog  nized as an important article of food  Opposition to its use seemed to dis  appear almost in a single season  Soon housewives began to wondc  how they had ever succeeded in pre  paring the family dinner without th  aid of the now most popular of veg.  tables.  The original tubers were round am  about the size of a large chestnut.-I;  color they were every shade betwcci -  white  and   black  with  the  exception  of green.    This  exception is a gooc'  example of the irony of nature. Thrc  hundred years of plant breeding an<:  selection   has   done  much   to  modif;  the  size,  shape,   color  and  flavor  c.  the  original  vegetable.    New varieties arc yet constantly appearing am.  it would be unwise to predict that ih  end of the evolutionary career of tbi  potato has yet been attained.  At   the annual   prize  day  the  head  boy rose to give his  recitations.  "Friends,"    Romans,    countrymen,"  government, and representing ground hc vocifcrated> "lend me your" cars/  equal to three times the s.zc of Bel- j ������ThcrC|������ commented the mother of  ^HT"   r    ,    , ,Jl   defeated   pupil,   snecringly;   "that's  The final phase in the conquest ofjMrs. Jones' boy. "Hc wouldn't be  German East Africa depends \ipon his mother's son if hc didn't want to  General Smuts and the    Portuguese, borrow  something."  "Has the furnace gone out, Brid  get?"  "It didn't come through here  mum."  the British operating in various  ways. A fleet of destroyers and  light cruisers are in readiness to give,  the Germans their last quietus when  the Dutch and English, along with  ether forces, advance toward the.  coast.  "Pa, what's' the difference between  a patriot and a jingo?"  "A patriot, my son, is one whose  bosom swells with pride of his country, while in a jingo the swelling appears in his head.'"  Soho, London, was a veritable Gcr  man colony before the war ��������� Charlotte street, in particular. The Belgians have lost their country for the  moment, but they have taken ��������� their  revenge in Charlotte street. There i-  no gainsaying their victory there  Instead of the cafes and restaurant?  with German signs, establishment'  arc named after Belgian towns. An</  there you may sec Belgian soldier-  on leave drinking coffee. THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C,  1$  Conservation of Game  Canada Taking a Prominent Part In  Protection'of Wild Life  ��������� A report just issued by the Commission-of Conservation, "Conservation of Fish, Birds and Game," di-  iccts attention to the great value of  ihese resources to Canada. The volume is a- report of the proceedings  of a conference of the Committee on  Fisheries,. Game and Fur-Bearing  Animals of the Commission, and contains a fund of information' regarding the present condition and the necessity for protection of Canada's  $sh, .birds  and  mammals.  Canada is taking a prominent pari  in the- international movement for  Hie protection of wild life. A Migratory. Bird Treaty between Canada  .and .the United States is under consideration. Tlirough the, influence of  ��������� the Commission of Conservation and  other interests, bird reservations are  being created, where the birds may  Sndisafe nesting and breeding places.  The ��������� fur-hearing animals of North crn and: Western Canada are being  rapidly exterminated. This is clearly^ shown" by the present report. To  secure their more adequate- protection; the-Commission ' is advocating  - the ������������������ amendment of "the Northwest  Game Act to place responsibility for  its administration upon the Dominion  Parks Branch, which already protects  the animals in the Dominion National Parks.  The future of the fisheries of Canada is dealt with in an able manner  by the highest authorities in this  country. - That they arc of great  present value is recognized, but there  is also a potential value in our  oceanic and inland ��������� waters which,  upon development, would mean the  creation of new industries. To meet  this condition, the Commission is  suggesting vocational training and  simple demonstration stations for the  fishermen, that they may take advantage of the most practical and modern methods of their calling.  The report is 'replete with illustrations applicable to the subject matter.   ".    ..-  Catarrhal   Deafness   Cannot  be. Cured  by local applications, as tliey cannot reach tlie ���������  diseased portion of the car. There,is only out:  way to cure catandial deafness, and that is by a  constitutional remedy.- Catarrhal Deafness is  caused by nn ta������f*m������l'condition-of the mucous  Unlnc of tine Eustachian Tube. When this tube  ts Inflamed you have a rumbliue sound or imperfect heerine. and when it is entirely closed. Deafness is the resatt. Unlesi (he inflammation'can  be reduced end this tube restored to its normal  condition, hearine will be destroyed forever.  Many casta of deafness are caused by catarrh,  which ia au inflamed condition of the mucous  surfaces. Seli'o Catarrh Cure acts thru the blood  on the mucous oarfaces of the system.   ,  Wc wilt live One Hundred Dollars for any case  of Catarrhal Deafness that caunot be cured by  Hall's Ca.ta.rru Cure.   Circulars free.   All Drus-  *^t3'      " "'   p.j. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo. O.  "Two Blades of Grass." ~  "And he gave it for Nhis opinion  that whoever couldmakc t\vo cars of  corn, or- two blades of grass grow  upon a-spot of ground ��������� where only  one grew before, would deserve better of mankind, and do more essential service to his country, than the  whole race oE politicians put together.".. This from the great Irishman, Dean Swift. Attila, the Hunan ethical relation of the present  Kaiser���������boasted that grass never  grew on ground once rfamplcd upon  by his horse's hoofs. Here arc two  ideals, one to be encouraged, the  other to be-crushed. The Hun is  again at large While, many of our  countrymen arc in Europe attempting to save the world from the ravages o������ his armies, those of us who  are left ' behind can do no greater  service to our country than to make  the two [ ears of corn or the two  blades of grass grow where but one  grc������v before.���������-Montreal Family Herald.  Eits  of  Humor  Lady: "I'm worried about my .0111-  jdexion, doctor.    Look at" my  face!"  Doctor: "You'll have to diet."  Lady:  "I   never   thought   of   that.  What color would  suit  me  best,  do  you think?"  For SSLvERif SePOStT  Soldhy alt gg&d Shoe Dealers  Win?** tpr every member  of me'iSufhily IM  How Japan Helped  Japanese   Warships    Guarded    B.C.  .Coast in Early Days of War  '". .Commander Dcnzo Mori, of the  imperial Japanese navy, iii an interview at Ottawa, talked enthusiastically of the-war. The commander  went through the Russo-Japanese  war as a lieutenant and look part in  the famousjjlockade of Port Arthur.  There is no doubt in the mind of  Commander Mori thai the British  navy achieved a great success in the  Jutland battle, despite the claims of  the Germans. "I have not exact information on the matter," hc said,  "but there is no question of a British  victory, and a very important' one,  too. One of my friends, a member  of the Japanese navy, left Japan at  the same time as I did. Hc went to  England and I went to the United  States. Hc went down on the Queen  Mary."   .  Speaking of the early' days of the  war, Commander Mori said that the  Japanese battleships did, much work  of which wc in Canada^ had not had  the full story, in guarding the coast  of British Columbia and Australia  when the German ships were still al  large.  Much of the munitions now being  used on the eastern front by the Russians was produced in Japan, said  Commander Mori. Just as in Canada  and England, new factories had  sprung up, so it had been in Japan,  and the workers were turning out  rifles, ammunition, guns and even  battleships to aid the Allies.  "The Japanese people feel a great  svmpathv for Britain and Canada in  this war," hc added. "Wc all feel  sorry al such a terrible war, but have  no doubt as to final victory, and  earnestly hope that it will end very  shortly."  Warts arc disfigurements that disappear when treated with liollo-  wav's  Corn  Cure.  Work of Canadians  France Will Have Something to Say  Speculative construction -of post  bcilum maps of Europe was a diversion more in vogue al the outset of  the war than il has been in the war's  second year. If it was purely a futile and visionary diversion then, it  surely is quite as much' so now. At  all events, it is a safe wager that  General Joftre's .blood-soaked, mud-  soaked, powcr-begrimed trench poi-  lus arc distinctly of the opinion that  they may have something to say  themselves on the Alsace-Lorraine  question when the time for settlement is at hand.���������Mew York Sun.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Japanese Politeness  Mr. C. E. Donohouc, the brilliant  war correspondent, who succeeded in  wiring the fullest and quickest description of the Portugal revolution  by hiring a yacht and escaping from  Lisbon to Viga, was kept in Tokio  recently much longer than hc wanted.  He was making a survey of the  East, intending to reach the Russian  front via Siberia, and had trouble in  making the difficult journey.  Hc tells  this  story:  A little Japanese policeman who  had been watching mc glanced furtively at a conversation handbook,  and then crossed and spoke- in English:  "How do you do," hc said, in careful tones, "sir or madam, as the case  mav be?"  W.     N.     U.     1120  Animals Subject to Paralysis.  The attention which the present  epidemic of .infantile paralysis has  drawn to the disease attended by  paralysis has led to the discovery  that domestic animals and pets arc  subject to paralytic disease. The  animals which have especially come  under suspicion as possibly distributing the germ of infantile paralysis arc poultry, pigs and dogs and  cats. Sheep, cattle and even horses  have been suspected. All these  kinds of animals arc subject to disease in which paralysis of the legs  or other parts of the body sometimes  appear. The paralytic diseases which  they suffer have long been known and  arc quite different from infantile paralysis. Their occurrence may be coincidental; in no instance investigated has one been found to hc responsible for the other.���������Dr. Simon Flcx-  ner.  rlave  Thousands of mothers can testify  to the virtue of Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator, because they  know from experience how useful it  is.  Huns vs. Hungarians  The German press views with  some anxiety the anti-German campaign which has been opened by the  Magyar or Hungarian press. The  leader, of the anti-German movement  is Senator Rakosy, editor of Ihc very  powerful and influential "Buda Pest  Hirlnp" and a close friend of Count  Tisza, the Hungarian Premier, who,  in his paper, is conducting a violent  campaign against the Gcrmanizr.tion  of Hungary. This the Hungarian  censor refused to stop. ���������*  "Alack! wc lack lacteal fluid," said  the German  Chancellor.  "We'll get milk from Cannes if I  can break through the French line,"  said  the  Crown  Prince.  "Or'I could send our navy over  and get some from Covvcs," put in  Von  Tirpitz's  successor.  Hc: I would die for you.  She (wearied): Well, what arc you  waiting for?  Volunteers      From      Canada  Fought Like Veterans  The Canadiati troops around Hill  60, Sanctuary 'Wood and Zillibcke  have repeated their valorous performance of St. Eloi, St. Julicu and  Yprcs. The official British statement  describes their recapture of a former  British position over a front of 1,500  yards to the southeast of Zillibcke as  ^a gallant and "successful assault."  They continued their advantage uinM  tliey had won back most of the  ground around Ypres; they fought  throughout the night,- says the report, "doggedly bombing'-their way-  back to the possession Of.the position  they had lost."  The soldiers of Canada have bulked big for a "colony" in this European war. When they first appeared  upon the field they were a mystery  to the trained British trooper; their  apparent loose discipline,, their recklessness in the face of danger, their  slang and their disregard of the English traditions of the camp and field  puzzled him. Hc still tells of a body  of troops returning at night ''from Hie  trenches that were challenged by an  English sentry. Receiving..no, reply,  the sentry excitedly repeated, "VV.ho  comes there?" "None of -your damned business," came from someone in  the ranks. "All right, Canadians,1 advance." / ������������������  The Englishman, however, suspected the Canadians could fight, and  lie found it out in the engagements  around Yprcs. They were among  the earliest sufferers from^asphyxiat-  ing gas as a war weapon, when the  Germans on the first day of its use  endeavored to throw the Allies'  whole defensive in Flanders into disorder. They held their line after the  French colonials had been overcome  and they battled en for days. The  remnant of the Princess Patricia'r.,  the best regiment Canada sent to the  war, numbered but 100 when it was  dug out of the trench it had defended.���������New York  Sun.  The Appetite ol Youth  Quickly Restored  Appetite is useless unless digestion  is good. Dr. Hamilton's Pills make  tremendous appetite and/keep digestion up to the mark as '"'well. The  liver, bowels and kidneys are stimulated, the stomach strengthened,  and robust health quickly follows.  Dr. Hamilton's Pills instill vigor and  snap into the system, make folks feel  youthful and happy. You'll forget  you have a stomach, forget your days  of sickness if Dr. Hamilton's Pills  arc used. Insist on having Dr. HamT  ikon's Pills, 25c per box, no other  medicine so good.  ���������  This Is Real Eultur  Francis Joseph    Ordered  Suicide of  His Own Soldiers  According to a despatch received  in Berne, 1,000 Bohemian soldiers  were sent to their death by the Austrian Emperor, to expiate an offense  committed' by 'others. Two entire  battalions of the Twenty-eighth Austrian Infantry Regiment, Czechs from  Prague, deserted to the Russians.  The Emperor Francis Joseph signed  the following decree: "The twenty-  eighth Regiment is erased from my  army. The remaining officers and  men thereof must expiate with their  blood the dishonor of their regimental comrades." The remnant of the  regiment, the third battalion, numbering over 1,000 Czechs from  Pragtfe, of ages varying from 18 to  20, was sent to the Isonzo and thrown  against the Italian lines, under orders to make a frontal attack upon an  exceptionally exposed position. The  Italians annihilated the battalion,  there being only eighteen survivors.  On April 17, 1916, the Emperor reinstated the regiment "for gallantry on  the Isonzo," the desertions in Gal-  icia having been expiated.  For Frost Bites and Chilblains. ���������  Chilblains come from undue exposure  to slush and cold and frost-bite from  the icy winds of winter. In the  treatment of cither there is no better preparation than Dr. Thomas's  Eclcctric Oil, as it counteracts Ihc  inflammation and relieves the pain.  The action of the oil is instantaneous  and ils application is extremely simple.    "You have long rambles in the  country?" asked  the impudent girl.  "Yes, indeed," responded the  young man in the green hat with the  purple band and buckled shoes.  "When I go in the country all nature seems to smile!"  "Gracious! I don't blame her. It  is a wonder she doesn't laugh outright." _________  Minard's Liniment Cures  Diphtheria  It was the first case ever tried in  Stony Gulch, and the jury had sat  for hours arguing and disputing. At  last they straggled "back, and the  foreman, a tall mountaineer, expressed the general opinion: "Wc don't  think hc did it," hc said slowly, "for  we allow hc wan't there; but we  think he would cf he'd had the  chanst."  She: Now that you've got a raise  of sixty a month, Tom, wc can afford  a more expensive flat.  Hc: But we're very comfortable  here. How would it do if I ask the  landlord to raise our rent?  'az&ada**  Three generations of Canadian  housewives have used "Silver  Gloss" for all their home laundry  work. They knowMhat "Silver  Gloss" always gives the bsst  results.   At your grocer's.  THE   CANADA   STARCH  CO. LIMITED  Montreal, Cardinal, Brzntfard, Fori Y/llllam.  HaUrs 0/ "Crown Urand" and "IA'u WlMf  Corn  H'jnips,   and JJen*on's Corn Starch.  234  *fc_  Expecting' Too Much  Defeat of Germany May Be a More  Gradual    Process    Than  Many Expect  Wc sec much these days, in newspapers which ought to know belter,  about the- certainty of the British  army soon smashing the German defence and forcing .the German army  back lo the Rhine. Such talk docs  harm. It serves to rouse hopes and  expectations which must bring bitter  disappointment and perhaps discouragement. .���������'.������������������..���������'"...'"  Wc believe that the Anglo-French'  strategy in this offensive movement  docs not aim so much at breaking-  through the German defence as at  wearing out the German resistance  by continuous pounding. On the  eastern and western fronts--the: daily  toll of life is terribly great; but the  allies-arc-'willing- to sacrifice men so  long as they exact equal toll from the  enemy, knowing that they can stand  tiic drain longer than he can. Before  the end of the year the Germans are  not unlikely to be" so embarrassed  for_ want of reserves that they will  decide to shorten their lines on bot'.i  fronts in order ter" husband their  strength���������for the shortening of .their  lines will, of course, increase their  power of resistance. This course  will make retirement necessary, and  it may be that a good part of French  and Belgian-.territory'will'be voluntarily evacuated by the enemy by the  end of the year.���������From the Hamilton  Herald.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFF'S  Something better than linen and big laundry  bills.     Wash   it  with  soap   and  water      All  stores   or direct.     State style and  size.   ��������� Vo-  25c. we will mail you.   .  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY. OF  CANADA. Limited  58 Fraear-Arcnu*, Toronto. Outarfio  N  A ��������� ���������  !_  F  BO���������B���������Y  k  L-N-O N  3Y--EY  In   this  puzzle   yon  see    four   lines    of  letters.;   Fill in  the  missing   letters    so  that each line spells  a  well-known   town  in 'the    world.     A  Magnificent   Watch.  Lady's'. or    Gent's  (guaranteed five years), vrill be sent free  of j  charge  to readers  of  this paper  who   solve j  this puzzle and conform to our one condition.  It   costs   you   nothinfi    to try.     Send y������nr  answer   together   with   stamp, that   we may  send  you result    All failing to  do this  will  be disqualiEed.   3BND NOW I  "BARGAIN"   WATCH   CO.    { 400 OepL),  ���������       89. CornwallU Rd., London.  H. __  Off  to  Battle as  if to  a Picnic  A  platoon   sergeant  gives   the  following  story: '.;'.'..  Wc -had carried the first two lines  and, on getting into the third, wc  saw the, Germans coming up from  the two exits of a deep dugout, and  pairing-,oft' down the -trench. Our  platoon commander got into the  trench and dugout on either side of  him, say fifteen yards away. A German would rush out front No. 1 exit  ���������over . he went. Then one would  come out from No. 2 exit, arid .oyer  he went. Our officer was as cool as  a cucumber���������ho simply turned from  right to left and fired just as if hc  was ��������� in a shooting saloon. It was  the best bit of fancy shooting I've  seen���������"all prizes, no blanks." After  we'd finished that bit of business���������it  only took about a minute���������off he went  again, and I got shot in the shoulder,  but I saw our officer and the rest of  the boys going forward as if they  were off to a picnic.  Lachutc, Que., 25th  Sept., 1908.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Gentlemen, ��������� Ever since coming  home from the Boer War I have  been bothered with running fever  sores on my legs. I ..tried many  salves and liniments; also doctored  continuously, for the blood, but got  no permanent relief, till last winter  when my mother got me to try  MINARD'S LINIMENT, the effect  of which was almost magical. Two  bottles completely cured mc and I  have worked every working day  since. Yours gratefully,  JOHN WALSH.  The Lights  I Of 65 Years Ago  Ar^e still doing- duty in  the shape of  ������T  Sixty-five years ago  the firstCanadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's/  ������  2S2T  "Of course you want to serve your  country," said the patriotic citizen.  "Yes," replied Senator Sorghum.  "But 1 want my constituents to fyavc  first helping, as far as possible."  ���������Washington Star.  A Yankee Appreciation of England.  No one who sec an English newspaper can fail to be impressed with  the generous energy of the English  people, even at this time of trial, for  Kitchener as Prophet  Foretold Early Use of Battle Formation for Aeroplanes  A story told in London relates that  at thevcry beginnnig of thewar the  late Lord Kitchener was visiting a  certain flying ground in England,  watching men fly and listening lo  what the officer commanding had to  say. "You ought," said the Secretary  for War suddenly, "to learn to fly-  in regular formation." - The officer  replied that that was. impossible-because machines could neither travel  far enough nor stay long enough in  the air.  "You will have to do it, all the  same," Lord Kitchener said, "before  this war is over." In the opinion of  airmen the suggestion was absurd at  that time, but it has come true. Both  by the British and the French reconnaissances and observation work is  now carried out in regular battle formation. Aerial warfare is, in fact,  going through all the stages which  warfare by sen went through, the development of three months being  about equivalent to that of a century  in the older service.  KEEP  VOUR   SHOES NEAT  F. F. DALLEY CO. OF CANADA. LTD.. HAMILTON, CAttAOA  J IM8.1l"JWTttl������'JHJ������-lll������.llMiUfH.l|>'Lll!!i  IMM.LWWJIL'l'V'IIIHWJMU'ilBHI'W  gWBM WBH'tHWJil'WI ��������� miHHIIII  * 11.1 HHtfUl miM^m.1 ������������������������*���������!������������������'    im "Wiiliiju |ll JI ��������� I JU J1 ������������������ i   uMgB I THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  Watch  Kettle riv^er and the North  Fork  to  keep  a  ?, mill running for fifty years, and at the end of  ho the half century run there  would  be a  new  : growth of wood.    It should not be difficult to  Does your watch run!������ ���������  correctly? If you ex j finance such an undertaking,    lhe amount ot  perieuce any dimcul 'capital  required   is  not very large,-and local  ty   with  it, leave   it' 1 ,   .     > , -���������     ,      i        -i,  with us    We will mon ought to be able to handle it.  not, we will frankly tell you so.  will run correctly.  give it an expert examination. If itneeds  repairs we can supply them at a modern  ate cost. ]f it does  A watch repaired by us  A. D, MORRISON iVlSiVo^iT.  ������lt������ (grand Maxim ������>tat  G. A.  EVANSvEDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  AN JNDGlMiNDHNT NEWSPAPER.  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE   .-  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)    _1.50  Address all communications to  Tjik Grand Forks Sun*,  PiioskIOIR Grand Fonrcs, B. C.  OFFICE:    COLUMI3TA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.  FRIDAY, NO-VEiMB.ee 10, 1916  Some men pose in public as public-spirited  citizens', while privately they do all they can  to create empty buildings. This is one reason why some towns do not grow.  In local political circles betting is even that  President Wilson has his second inauguration  before Premier McBride resign.  Ten per cent, money makes slaves, paupers  and parasites.  The re-election of President Wilson was  not much of a surprise to those who have  followed his present administration, now drawing to a close. The only wonder is that his  opponent was able to lead him so close a race.  This must be charged to - Mr. Wilson's weak-  foreign polic}', which undoubtedly disgusted  a lai'L'-e number of voters. In its management  of internal affairs the present Washington  government has done more for the American  people than any other administration since the  time of Lincoln. President Wilson's national  currency reform bill freed the masses from the  XT  clutches of the Wall street Shy locks as effectually  as   President    Lincoln's    proclamation  shattered the shackles that bound  the  black  chattel  slave of the South.    That this so, no  further evidence is required than  to  cite  the  vicious attacks  made on Mr. Wilson  by  the  eastern money gamblers.    The fact that  Mr.  Hughes  polled  such  a   phenomenally   large  vote in New York naturally suggests  the  inference  that he was- a prime favorite of the  money legerdemainists, if not.in actual league  with  them,   and  the  balance of the country  may well feel thankful that he was  defeated.  When people can afford to pay $1.50 to see  a 25-cent picture show the question of hard  times should naturally be elimited from the  community.  Some men laugh like a hyena.    They  must  have some of the traits of that animal.  Tde deepest mine in the world is a gold-mine in Brazil.  It is near a place bearing the name of Villa Nova de  Lima, in the state of Minas Geraes, about 300 miles  north of Ilio de Janeiro. It has been worked, more or  less systematically, for eighty years, and is known as the  Morro"Volho and is. owned and operated by an English  company. The combined depth of the connected shafts is  5824 feet. Xhe normal temperature ab this depth is  112 degrees F., which is reduced to 100 degrees by means  of fans.  New Land Map  There has been issued by the department of the interior a new addition of the "Land and Pre-emption" map, which gives useful and teresting information, corrt-cted to a recent date, with regard to the land  situation and the pre emotion and purchased homestead areas throughout the thiee^'western provinces.  Figures in green show at a glance tbe number^of  quarter sections" in each'township that are still available  for-homestead entry, also the area within which quarter sections may be pre-empted. Boundaries of Dominion land agencies, and the location of forestry and  Indian reserves>.e also clearly shown. All townships which have been surveyed are set out in a distinctive buff coloring. Copies of the publication may  be procured free of charge upon application 10 the railway lands branch of the department of the interior,  Ottawa.  Had President Wilson's foreign policy been  as sane and vigorous as his management of  of internal affairs, he would have swept the  country by as large a majority as he had four  years. The Americans may want peace, but  they do not want it at the price of national  humiliation. If the vote of Tuesday indicates  anything, this is the moral it points to.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  The American election on Tuesday developed many peculiar surprises. A number of  strong northern Republican states went  Democratic, while the Republicans actually  broke into the Solid South. It is within the  range of possibility that four years hence  Texas may go Republican.  As usual, Col. Roosevelt was a little too  previous in congratulating the America.ii people on Mr. Hughes' election. He was quite  right, however, when he stated that he would  not dictate the appointment of Mr. Hughes'  cabinet.  Speaking of cabinets, what- has become of  H. C. Brewster's ministers? Tne newspapers  have tired of making forecasts, and Mr. Brewster does not feel inclined to let out the secret.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Porks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  t|Fe British Columbia  Nursery Co., Ltd.  gf Vancouver  0/4re now booking orders for spring, 1917,  delivery of their well-known, hardy  Fruit and Ornamental  Stock  Prices include packing and delivery to  customer's nearest station. Write at once  for 70-page Catalogue, also artistic Rose  Catalogue, free.  We always have room for an energetic,  honest salesman. (^Attractive proposition for the right man.  In your favor is good printing.  St starts things off in your- favor.  People   read  y.our   arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men" use  GOOD PRINTING because it gets  BUSINESS, If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you. It's a certainty that  we can save you money, too.  In the Grand Forks Valley  18 acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  orchard; good house and  barn and other buildings.  At the present price of paper, a pulp and  paper mill in Grand Forks would be as profitable an investment as a gold mine. As we  have stated on numerous previous occasions,  there  is  enough  pulpwood  along  the  main  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  .ountry, and the price is only one-  naif that of its local contemporaries,  ft is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  For further information  call at  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMiNG  Furniture  Made   to  Odor.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly  Done.  RCMcCUTCHEON  WINlMPEG avenue  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern E-igs  and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  odel Livery Barn  IVI. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68  Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary con itry  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu'.l is steady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   po "or." :M  t-HEf   SUN,    ^RAND   FORKS,    h.C.  THOSE  WHO,   FROM  TIME TO  TIME,  HAVE  FUNDS  REQUIRING  INVESTMENT,   MAY   PURCHASE AT  PAR  DOMINION OF CANADA DEBENTURE STOCK  IN  SUMS  OF  $500 OR  ANY  MULTIPLE  THEREOF.  Principal repayable 1st October, 1919.  Interest payable-half-yearly, 1st April and 1st October by cheque (free  of exchange at any chartered Bank in Canada) at the rate of five per cent  per annum from the date of purchase.  Holders of this stock will have the privilege of surrendering at par and  accrued, interest, as the equivalent of cash, in payment of any allotment  made under any future war loan issue in Canada other than an issue of  Treasury Bills or other like short date security.  Proceeds of this stock are for war purposes only.  A commission of one-quarter .of one per cent will be allowed to recognized bond and stock brokers on allotments made in respect of applications  for this stock which bear their stamp.  For application forms apply to the Deputy Minister of Finance, Ottawa.  DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE, OTTAWA,  OCTOBER 7th,  1916.  PUPILS' STA  DIVISION II  The following is the standing of  the pupils of the public school, in  order of merit, as determined by tests  held during September and October:  PRINCIPAL'S    CLASS���������ENTRANCE PUPILS  .Wilfred Brown       Mary Cooper  'Eddie i\IcIlsvaine,.Aurena Barnurn  Mildred Ilutton    'Ewing McCallum  Abram  Mooyboer Dorothy Burns  Frances Sloan AmbroseM'Kinnon  Helen Campbell    Cecilia Lyden  George Cooper  Violet Walker  Laurena Nichols  Merle Herr  Bernard Crosby.  Uvo Wells  .Gwen Mellwaine  Rosa Peterson  Lily Ardiel  -Murrel Galloway  Loretta Lyden  Vernon Smith  Mary Stocks  G-iadys Rashleigh  Hope Benson  Robert O'Connell  Garibaldi Bruno  f Helen Massie  | Edith Coryell  Vernon Siddall  Lydia Kelleher  Harold Fair  Amy Anderson  Brenda Humphreys  Gwen Humphreys  Junior-IV A:  Corena Harkness  Gladys Bryenton  Ethel Wright  Jennie Miller  Julia Downey  Aleeta Nichols  Alice Galipeau  Murel Spraggett  Noble Padgett  Teddie Cooper  Denis O'Connor  Isabel Bowen  (Lenora Cronant  \Peter Miller  George Hodgson  Phyllis Atwood  Ray Forrester  Margaret MichenerCharles Bishop  AntoinetteSchlieheKenneth McArde  Lottie Peterson  Isabel Glaspell  Vernon  Forrester  Gordon Murry  Edward Potentier  Amy-Mnrrv.  Junior IV B:  [Vera Donaldson Cecelia Crosby  \Guner Lindgren  Zoe Kirk  Eloise Stafford  Alfred Downey  Howard DeCew  Reid McKie  Norma Erickson  Margaret Fowler  DIVISION in.  Senior 3rd A: Frances Latham  Francis Padgett  Emile Painton  Walton Young  Mary Beran  Frances U'Ren  Oswa'd Walker  GladysMcL'iuchlanFlora McDonald '  Jennie Stanfield j William Nelson  Marry Kelleher       { Charlie Cooper  A telephone in your house means a, messenger  always ready to do your bidding.  No messenger, however, can give you quicker  action, neither can a messenger convey your  personality.  When you telephone you transact the item of  business personally.  The telephone takes you instantly far and  near���������distance does not count.  BRITISH COLUMBIA  TELEPHONE COMPANY, LTD.  Dealers in  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our cTWotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen, oManager  Nellie Mills     - Coryl Campbell  f Amy Peck ham May Crosby  \ Randolph Davis Orville  Baker  Margerie Keron Boyd Nichols  Walter Larsen David McDonald  Christopher Pell Ellen Flarkness  Jeannette Reburn Esther Anderson  Willie Sprinthall HarrieLe Stevens  Senior Third B:  fTannis JBarlee  \Lilian  Hull  DIVIISON IV.-  Junior Third A:  William Grenier  Grace Green  Clara Brunner  Grace Graham  Kruue Wallace  Peter Peterson  Thelma Huttos  Ruth Eureby  Freda Stocks  breddy Cooper  Leona U'Ren ....  Evelyn Stafford "  Kenneth Campbell  Alberta McLeod  Annie Crosby  Hid ward SkrebnefF David Wallace  Clarence Donaldson  Harold Quinlivan  Connie Burdon -  Dorothy SchKehe  Roger Molt  lye Wuldron  James Pell  Leo Mills  Willie Skrebneff  Leonia Reed  Lavina Crowder  Jimmie Needham  Mary Miller  Law   McKinnon  Arthur Bryenton^Pearl Brau  Alice Ryan Jeff Ryan  Junior Third B:     LlwellynHumphres  GunnarHalle  ( Concluded on Page S.)  10 CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy Cathartic.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  aches, how miserable you are from  constipation, indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always get  relief with Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and" regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; take the excess bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and poison  from the intestines and bowels. A  10-cent box from your druggist will  keep your liver and bowels clean;  stomach sweet and head clear for  months.   They work while you sleep.  Growing mangels, turnips and carrots for seed is quite simple; it re  quires no special skill nor any outlay  of capital and the little labor involved  is well repaid by the results.  You can tell   the age of  a   chicken  by your teeth.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try it!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If you care for heavy hair that glis-  tons with beauty and is radiant with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besideB it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you havo  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishness and Itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it.  Assuring Your  usmess  A policy of advertising is- a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be-replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's,  New customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if 'you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business un -  protected.  B  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop THE    SUN;    GRAND    FOJ1KS.  The Congestion from a Bad Cold Cured  Coughs Loosened Up In One Hour  Nerviline  Subbed   On   At  Night ���������You're Well  Next Morning-.  Nerviline Never Fails  When that cold comes, how is it  to be cured?  This method is simplicity itself;  rub the chest and throat vigorously  with "Nerviline," rub it in good and  deep; lots of rubbing can't do any  harm. Then put some Nerviline in  the water and.use it as a gargle; this  will  ease    the  cough,    cut out    the  phlegm, assist in breaking up the  cold quickly. There is no telling  how quickly Nerviline breaks up 'a  hard racking cough, eases a tight  chest, relieves a pleuritic pain. Why,  there isn't any liniment with half the  power, the penetrative qualities, the  honest merit'that has made Nerviline  the most popular American household liniment.  A large SO cent bottle of Nerviline  cures ills of'the whole family, and  makes the doctor's bills small. Get  it today. The large size i\ more  economical than the small 25 cent  size. Sold by dealers everywhere, or  direct from The Catarrhozonc Co.,  Kingston, Canada.  Varieties of Grain  Giant Enemy  ies a'  Come Big Ones Built for Water, But  None Have Yet Been, Met;  Giant German biplanes, it is officially announced by the -French War  Department, arc a-'myth, and in any  case thev have never ���������been niet with  on   the battle  front.    The  statement  adds:       . '_���������'.';''���������''./" .-":v"'  "It is certain, however, that Germany has built biplaues'bf an exceptional size and power to be used as  hydro-aeroplanes. One of these is  23 metres (75 feet) across,'with four  motors and able to carry six passengers. Another, .42'������������������metre's (137 feet)  across, Avith three motors of 200  horse-power each, is said to have  been constructed at Friedrichshaven  and to have flown over Lake Constance. If so, these experiments  must have had bad results, for the  machine nowhere has: been met.  "Aircraft of great power on service on ihc land front arc the two  motored aeroplanes. One ��������� is ���������'the  Aviatik type, 24 metres (78 feet)  across. It is steered by three rudders. Tt has places for an observer  or a gunner and a machine gun behind the pilot, and for another gun  fircr oa the balcony before the pilot.  The other type is of a similar model  but more rapid in flight. The motors  in Ihcse aeroplanes arc of 220 horsepower."  Farmers Should Know the Names  Seeds They Sow  Twenty per cent, of the 400 farmers visited in the Agricultural Survey  in Ontario in 1915 did not know the  name of any variety of grain sown  on their farms. In Dundas county,  where 100 farms were visited, of a  total of 86 farmers growing barley  only 11 knew the variety grown.  Fifty-two per cent, of'the '100 farmers  visited in the province were growing  barley and only 18 per cent, knew  the name of the variety.  Only 64 per cent, of all the farmers visited knew the name of the  variety of oats they were sowing.  Those who do not know the variety  used may be sowing grain imsuitcd  for their farms. There-is very little  excuse for the prevalence of such  conditions. Every farmer sowing an  unknown grain lives within reach A  some farmer who grows a known  sort of proved excellence, from whom  seed can be obtained. Fanners wishing to obtain seed' for next year  should arrange for it early and  choose a variety which has been  tested and proved to be good. The  Central Experimental Farm at Ottawa and the various Agricultural  Colleges have carried on such tests  for the benefit of farmers, the results  of which may be obtained free upon  application.���������F.C.N.  Game  National Asset  Pro-  Soldiers' View of War.  Romain Rolland publishes two letters from a French schoolmaster,  now sergeant'at the front. He says  in one of them: "All I have seen and  heard since I have been here convinces me that war can never be  hated enough, and also that those engaged in warfare hate it from the  bottom of their hearts. It is most  cordially detested. The 'Poilu' (the  soldier) has nothing warlike about  him; his greatest wish is to return  home from the war and never to  have anvlhing again to do with it. I  assure you'"���������that the soldiers ot today arc the most confirmed pacifists  of "the future. These people will continue lo do their duty, as that is nc-  ressarv for peace, a victorious peace,  that thought is always uppermost in  their minds."���������S'cmainc Litterairc  (quoted in Vossichc Zeitung). ,  First   Girl:   What's   biology  mean?  Second Girl:  Why, it's the science  of  shopping,  I  suppose.  Rising- Newspaper Expenses  Advance in Cost of White Paper Is  Becoming a Serious Problem  Newspapers .generally have assumed that the public was not interested  in their business, arrangements. Such  an unprecedented situation has arisen, however, in connection with the  advance in the cost of print paper���������  and, for that "matter, of practically  everything that-enters into newspaper production^-that newspapers all  over the country arc being compelled  to make readjustment of advertising  and subscription rates to meet the  new conditions.  '���������'.White .paper is thechicf item of expense in newspapers; of general circulation, and in the last few months  its price has advanced 20 per cent.,  50 per cent., and even in some cases  100 per cent. - For metropolitan newspapers this means an added cost of  production of several hundred thousand dollars a year. The advance in  other materials, while not so great,  is. very material, and increases the  gravity of the problem.  The magazines arc feeling the  same pressure. The August issue of  the /World's. Work, for instance, devotes considerable space lo the paper  .situation, while Life, the Independent and other periodicals have explained to their readers the necessity, ,'V1 '.'"j "','v11-' 3(l"'  of changes in their circulation ������ '^J^ [fc  schemes because  of the  emergency. ' ������.f..t:.1.C���������^l,.CJlCV^^J  Newspapers and magazines alike  are doing their best to tide over the  situation with no radical changes. It  is only prudent, however, to recognize the fact that if the advances of  the last few mouths continue ��������� as  they seem likely to ��������� the entire periodical business will have to be readjusted.���������;Kansas City Star.  ' Women arid Asthma.���������Women arc  numbered among the sufferers    from  asthma   by   the   countless   thousands.  In every climate they.will be. found,  helpless in the grip of this relentless  disease    unless    they . have    availed  themselves of the proper remedy. Dr.  J. D. Kcllogg's Asthma _Remcdy has  for tramping and camping trips-in the  wilds, and the value of wild game as  human food*\hou!d no longer be regarded as an important factor in its  pursuit.���������Code of Ethics, Michigan  Wild Life League.  Game   Preserves   Necessary   to  tect What  Remains  Judging from the rate at which ihc  wild creatures of North America arc  now being destroyed, fifty years  hence there will be no large game  left in the United Stales nor in Canada, outside of rigidly protected game  preserves. It is therefore the duly  of every good citizen to promote the  protection of forests and wild life  and the creation of game preserves,  while a supply of game remains. Every man. who1 finds pleasure in hunting or fishing should be willing to  spend both lime and money in active  work for the protection of forests,  fish and game.  In the settled and civilized regions  ct North America there is no real  necessity for the consumption of  wild . game as human food; nor is  'there any, good excuse for the sale  of game for food purposes. The operations of market hunters should be  prohibited everywhere, under severe  penalties.  The highest purpose which the killing of wild game and game fishes can  hereafter be made to serve is. in furnishing    objects  lo  overworked men  TH������RAPION^r,Tttk  frjaisaccfsj, cyscs c'iiiokic weakness lost vigo������  &   VIM   KIUSEV    3L'.U3KH. DIS^ASCS    Kl.000   POIIOM.  rut*   mine ( nm uKuoatsis cr wml Si post 4ct������  COL-GiIRA Co !lt) Btf-.KMAN ST Ni:u VORKorLVMAN BHfiJ  TORONTO WHIT!-- FOR TREE BOOK TO Dll LK Cl.ERC  MtU CO IlAVP.HSIOCKKO ilAMI'SI-KAD LONDON ll������a  JIM M������WURA02J:iIAS,Ii:Lr.SS)!'OKMOtf    I-ASV   TO   TAX������  THERAPION SSC  5EK TilAt 1KABB M\KKCO WtUCU ' TIIEKAPION ��������� IS OS  PK1I.UOV1  U1A.Hl  AFFIXliO 10 ALL CBMUI.SE I'ACSffT*  brought new hope and life lo many  such. Testimonials, sent entirely  without solicitation, show the enormous benefit it has wrought among  women everywhere.  When Fortune Smiled  She: "Do you  remember that  once proposed  vou  I" re  fused  He:  most-  you;  "Yes, that  beautiful  to mc and that  is  one of my life's  Small But Potent. ��������� Parmclcc's  Vegetable Pills are small, but they  are effective in action. Their fine  qualities as a corrector of stomach  troubles are known to thousands and  they''.are in constant demand everywhere by those who know what a  safe and simple remedy they are.  They need no introduction lo those  acquainted with them, but to those  who may not know them they are  presented as the best preparation on  the market for disorders of the stomach.  Married King Harold's Daughter  Vladimir Volynski, in the neighborhood' of which hard fighting is  nouueed both in the Pelrograd and  Vicuna telegrams, is compounded of  two Russian names, yet only came  into Russian possession at the great  partition of Poland in 1793. Volynski  was a name of a trusted minister of  Peter Ihc Great, whose execution af-  cr his master's death was brought  German creature  Courlaud. With  the name of Vladimir are many ;.sso-  cu'lions cherished by Russians, but  the most interesting one lo us recalls  the great Vladimir Monomach, who  married Gylha, the daughter of our  English King Harold���������llie first ,'oyal  alliance between this country and otir  new and great all}-.���������London Chronicle.  America's  Pioneer  I Dog Remedies  BOOK   OIV  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed  free to  anj- address by  tlic Auttior  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  118 West 31st Street, New York  Wooers BkoBskQ&mg*  The , Great English Remedy.  Tones and invigorates tho v/lioFa  nervous system, makes now Blood  ���������n i .,.. ���������,��������� '" olt' Veia3< durcs Nervous  JJcbildy, Menial ana Brain Worry, JJcspon-  dency. Loss of Kncrgy, Palpitation of the  Heart, Failing Meviory. Price $1 per box, six  \for$5. One will pieocc, six Tvill cure. Sold bv all  crugcisra or mailed iu pl.-iia r>kg. on receipt or  Rrice.  h'fwpfmphlrtmnileil free. THE WOOD  (EE>!C!M������ CO.,T0a0M?0.CHT.  (r*ra::lj V/isicarJ  Minard's   Liniment  Cows.  Cures  Garget  in  ,.   , , ,    ^  ,     ,        ��������� militarism   has   been  ill the way through, Only those!destroyed,    the   "ability    of educated  lave   had  patriotism   thrust   on j Germany will survive.' Even if tcrri-  41111101"-  Matiy arc not aware of llic  ill effects of lea or c-.'Tfo:  drinking until a bilious attack,  frequent headaches, nervousness, or some other ailment,  starts them thinking-.  Ten days oft  coffee a-nd on  both tea and  ��������� the pure food-drink ���������will  show anyone, by the better  health that follows, how tea or  coffee has been treating them.  "There's a Reason"  for  POSTU  Sold by Grocers  C������.i::c'.i;(i; I'o'limi Cereal Co., I>t,.  Windsor, Out.  Catering to German Vote.  The British Government has a perfect right to protect British interests  by blacklisting "neutral" firms which  are known to be agents    of   German  business houses.    But it is  questionable if such an  extension of the restrictions upon enemy trade is expedient at this time.    It should be con-  j sidercd    that there is    a presidential  ! election campaign in progress in the  ��������� States at present that the thoroughly  [ organized    German    vote is a strong  ! factor in the election, and  that  both  iof the political parties arc fearful of  : losing     that    vole  and    arc already  I angling for it.    Of late a  change is  j observable    in   the American    press.  i Papers which  from   the beginning of  : the war were pro-ally arc now lnmt-  | ing   for  excuses   for  expressing  sym-  ; pathy with the  Huns and  censuring  i the allies or belittling their achievc-  i incuts.    True, you see little criticism  ! of Russia, and none  of   France;  but  our kind friends     gladly seize every  opportunity to pour scorn upon Britain  in    accordance    with   their  well-  known traditional habit.    It is a congenial   task,  anyway,  and  at  present  it   is   deemed   expedient   because   the  German  vote must  be catered  to. ���������  from the Hamilton Herald.  SUMMER COMPLAINTS  KILL LITTLE ONES  At the first sign of illness during  the hot weather give the little ones  Baby's Own Tablets, or in a few-  hours he may be beyond cure. These  Tablets will prevent summer complaints if given occasionally to the  well child and will promptly cure  these troubles if they come on suddenly. Baby's Own Tablets should  always be kept in every home where  there are young children. There' is  no other medicine as good and the  mother has the guarantee of a gov-.j  eminent analyst that they arc abso-j  lately safe. The Tablets are sold byj  medicine dealers or by mail at 25  cents a box from The Dr. 'Williams'  Medicine  Co.,  Brockvillc,  Out.  Popular Spirit in England  Some  Britons arc     born     patriots,  others   achieve   patriotism,   and still  others���������Yes,    the    paraphrase    holds  good  who  them  constitute a very small  ity of the British public.  Conscription is no  criterion.  There  were less than a million eligiblcs left  lo  be  conscripted.    The majority of  these would  have volunteered if the  reasons   why  their  services'were  re-  quired had  been freely,  frankly stated. Lots  of Britishers have relatives  in  Missouri;     some  more     skeptical  than  others.      The    military powers  thought they couldn't take the British  public   into   their  confidence   without  enlightening     the    Germans.    "Vou  King and    country    need you," they | press  said.    That   sufficed   for five  million i  men;   the others  wanted    details;  The Future of the Teuton  The fate of the Hohenzollern dynasty is of less importance than the  future of the German people. Individuals may rise or fall, but a great  nation should not perish because of  the selfishness or the wickedness of  a ruler or of an olgarchy.  While there arc fatal d'efec'ts in the  German system of- education there  arc elements in it which command  universal admiration. German efficiency is no myth, no illusion. Unhappily it has been misapplied, but,  when   Prussian   mil!  yen  tonally Germany should be disintegrated, Germans will find a field for  their peculiar aptitudes in other countries, as well as in their own. When  Greece fell, it was the Greek tutors  and artists that educated the rich and  powerful Romans. Germany is not a  land of artists but a land of what in  the jargon of today wc call "scientists." Every progressive country  will welcome the able German who  seeks to make a livelihood or fortune  t i by his practical knowledge of science.  rj���������From     The     Rochester     Post-Ex-  Ed. L. Keen, of United Press  "Air" Losses  Reliable    information    shows   that  the German air losses in one month  jwcre 3 aeroplanes brought down in  ;the British lines, 7 certainly brought  ���������down hi the German lines, and 11  .probably brought down in the Gcr-  jman lines, making a total of 10 ccr-  Itain and 11 probable German losses,  jlior the same period the German  ilosses on the-French front were 10  i brought down and 7 seriously damaged.    The  Germans  on July 7  said  that only 7. German machines had  been lost.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc..  Those English Geographers  The London Star says of- the re������  view of Canadian troops in England:  "Altogether there were nearly 20,000  of them, the pick of the manhood of  Canada from the towns and prairies  of British Columbia and Vancouver." .  Which moves Punch to remark- that,  in its anxiety for geographical accuracy, the Star might have added  that the review was held somewhere  between London and England.  Korean Customs.  When you first enter Korea, it just  seems .like a mysterious dream. Their j mothers  ways   are   queer   and   just   backward !0f  thj  lo ours, and when they see you coming  they  will   ask,  "Where  are    you  going?"  or  "What  arc  you  going-" to  do?"    And they arc very polite.  The     Kcrean     people   talk     in   a  coarse, loud voice.     At    first    when  you  hear them  it.  sounds  as   though  arc   quarreling,   but      they   arc  having a  friendly chat.      They  have three kinds of tones���������high,  and middle.      To the old people  people above  them  they  talk in  high   lone;   to   the   children   and  ml, they talk in the    low  tone,  to their equals or among them-  A professor al a western cngiuccr-  ing_ college says that but for the occasional innovations in Ihc applications of learning, such as the following, for instance, he would find it difficult to judge of his usefulness.  "What steps would you take in determining the height of a building,  using an aneroid barometer?" was the  question asked upon an examination  paper.  One youthful aspirant answered:  "f _ won Id lower the barometer by a  string and measure the string."  they  only  also  low ;  and  the  serv  and  solve:- they talk in the middle tone.  They eat on tables about one foot  and a half long and six inches high,  and the women wait on the men at  each meal, for (hey are not allowed  to eat with ihc men, and are really  only servants. They call the men  their lords and masters, ami the men  receive all ihc love, if there is aiij-,  for the father gels a wife lor his son,  and llie son rarely ever sees his wife  before the wedding day.���������Birmingham News.  If Miller's   Worm Powders needed  the     support    of  testimonials     they  could be got by the thousands  from  who  know  the great virtue  s  excellent medicine.    But  the  | powders    will speak    for themselves  .'and in sucli a way that there can be  jiio    question    of    them.      They act  speedily     and   thoroughly,     and 'the  'child to whom they arc administered  |will show improvement from the first  I dose.  "Was her father violent  asked_him  for her hand?"  "Was he!    Great guns!  he'd shake my hand off."  when yon  L_tliought  W.     N.     U.     1120  Delia:    So    Matthew  Miss   Corbridgc?      He's  oting for her, don't you  Emily:  Oh,    he'll  age  <hu;!i after lie's married.  is  to marry  much     too  think?  rapidly  en-  Reaping the Harvest of Lies  A recent appeal made to the Gcr-j  nan   people by" the  German  general i  staff not to accept the claims of the j  Allies  to    victories    on  the  western j  front,     claims    that,   are    "fantastic.  hymns    of victory    that    mock    the:  truth,"  inclines    the student of contemporary history to indulge in a reminiscent  mood.       Since July,  1914, j  the  German     Government  has  been !  the    victim    of   ^self-deception    and  guilty at limes of efforts    lo deceive  its own  people.    At  the very outset  of the struggle    certain events    rapidly succeeding each  other filled  the  Kaiser and his ministers with amazement.      The  German  Government is  now reaping the harvest that its initial blunders, misrepresentations and  misconceptions   sowed.       No   official  proclamations    can prevent a nation  that has paid a frightful price for its  unjustified    reliance    upon  the good  judgment and good faith of its leaders from eventually realizing the deplorable     situation in  which     it has  been placed by men who should have  known the truth at the beginning and  avIio will  now    find it impossible  to  conceal unpleasant faels.���������New York  Sun.  Need Only Trust to Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, says Mrs. Kurtzweg.  Buffalo, N.Y.���������" My daughter, whosa  picture is herewith, wa3 much troubled  with pains in her  buck and sides every  month and they  would sometimes ba  so bad that it would  seem like acute inflammation of soma  organ. She read  your advertisement  in the newspapers  and tried Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable   Compound.  mm  ->1^pi;,   Mosc Possum: Ah thought yo' was  goih' to work today, Pete?  Pete Persimmons: Ah got a reprieve. Mali wife died stuldinly dis  muwiiin'.  A   locomotive  , speed is    said to  (mile.  going    at  give  1,056  express  puffs a  She praises it highly as she has been  relieved of nil these pains by its use.  All mothers should know of this remedy,  and all young girls who suffer should  try it. "���������Mrs. MATILDA KURTZWEG, 629  High St., Buffalo, N. Y.  Young women who are troubled with  painful or irregular periods, backache,  headache, dragging-down sensations,  fainting spells or indigestion, should  take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound. Thousands have been restored to health by this root and herb  [remedy  If you know of any youngf woman who is sick and needs helpful advice, ask her to write to tua  Xiydia E.JPinkham Medicine Co.,  Lynn, Mass. Only women will  receive her letter, and it will bo  held in strictest confidence. /%$!  JCHB_������IQr,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. a  GERMAN DESPOTISM VERSUS MODERN DEMOCRACY  Hai'vrad'University Professor Has Issued a Denunciation of the  Atrocious War Waged by the Hohenzollerns, in Which He  Expresses No Doubt As To How the Struggle Will End  Britain's Meat Supplies  Over the imprint of the Houghton-  Mifflin Company of Boston, and under the title "Germany versus Civilization," has just appeared one of the  most effective denunciations of the  "atrocious wai" waged by German  despotism against modern , democracy. The author, William Roscoc  Thayer, has long been closely identified with Harvard University, and  is an. historical writer of established  repute. From first to last his monograph deals not wilh_ the military  events, but with the fundamental issues at slake, and the .evolution of  Germany which made her ready for  such an attempt at world domination.  With him the ' conclusion of the  whole matter is this:  "Those of us who believe in civilization know that liberty, the soul of.  democracy,- is the condition without  ��������� which permanent spiritual good can  neither spring up nor- thrive. In its  deathless presence the Imperial lusts  of the Hohcnzollerns, like the Empires of those who were greater than  they, are seen in their true nature:  . material,  mundane,  mortal." .  On the minds of those who have  retained their essential huntanily the  effect of such an exposition is inevitably obsessive and depressive. The  Prussianizalion of Germany is here  traced as a process which tends to  deepen the gloom hanging" over the  future of a State that might have  been a. potent factor in the uplift of  humanity and in the progress of civilization. So far from having been  drawn in too strong colors, the sketch  by Mr. Thayer might have been made  still more sombre by taking into view  the existence of the Holy Roman  ���������Empire for practically a thousand  years before Prussia experienced her  modern revival, prior to the battle of  Waterloo. From that time on it became an issue between Hohenzollern  ' and Hapsburg which should dominate the German area in Europe. Bismarck and Sadowa settled the matter in favor of Prussia, and thus  doomed both Stales to a common  . moral destruction. Their coalition  in this unprecedented double suicide  will always be'lhe greatest of all historical ironies.  Mr. Thayer has no lingering doubts  as to how the gigantic struggle is  'going;to end, any more than, he has  questionings, as to Prussia's motives  or as to-the diabolism of her kultur,  which shuts out alike justice, .freedom, pity and chivalry, i "Under  "whatever name kultur operates, it  tends downwards. The individual  who thinks himself a superman is  ..likely to end in a madhouse or on  the gallows; the nation, '��������� despotic  King, or hierarchy which substitutes  its own selfish interests for humanity shuts itself out from humanit3r,  becomes inhuman, revives and worships" standards of the Beast, and  ���������heads -straight for perdition."  The part played by his own country in this awful contest for supremacy between Prussian kultur and human civilization ' arouses in Mr.  Thayer a feeling of contemptuous in-  ..dignation that linds expression in a  torrent of burning invective. He  tears to shreds all pleas for neutrality in the face of such alternatives as  Germany has presented to America  in the absolutely unprovoked and un-  mitigatedly brutal treatment of Belgium, and unhesitatingly alleges that  if Germany's course had not been  checked in Belgium and stopped in  France she would have tried to over-'  throw Great Britain and overrun  America.���������Toronto Globe.  Anti-Hailstorm Cannon  Used Successfully in European Countries to Protect Growing  Crops  While the guns of the European  armies are thundering incessantly on  many battlefields in their mission  of killing men and destroying man's  works, the grape cultivators of  'France, in their turn, arc using artillery to good advantage. But theirs  is not destructive artillery; thej' are  using guns only to protect ��������� their  vineyards against the destructive effects of hailstorms, which are not infrequent in the grape growing districts. "  Anti-hailstorm guns cannot be said  lb be novelties in the strictest sense  of the word, for they date back to  1896, when an Austrian named Stie-  gcr who had had an opportunity of  witnessing the devastation caused by  hailstorms each year in ' districts of  his country, conceived the idea of firing a cannon shot at the clouds charged with hail, using an artillery piece  of special design. Slicger learned  that as a result of artillery fire, directed against the clouds, the threatened storm moved elsewhere before  bursting, thus saving the crops in the  immediate vicinity of the anti-hailstorm artillery.  A short time later similar experiments were carried out in Italy, followed soon after .by the, introduction  of this method of protecting grape  vines and���������cereal'crops in France. In  the latter country the use of anti-  hailstorm guns has been extended  until today they are in general use,  principally in the Bordeaux, Bour-  goyne and  Champagne  regions.  A representative type of the anti-  hailstorm cannon is composed of  four main members. First a tripod  which serves-to support the carriage  mechanism; second, a brccchloading  mechanism which receives the carl-  ridge and explodes if by means of a  striking or firing pin; third, a smoke  stack or funnel which is a continuation of the brccchloading member  and serves- as an outlet for the gases;  and fourth, a sheet of iron measuring  three or four metres (9 to 12 feet)  long, surmounting the cannon and  passing .the roof o'f the shed that  serves as a shelter for the cannon and  its operators.  Following the discharge of the cannon, there csca'pes from the. slack or  funnel a whirling shaft of air, which  according- to a French authority, '.M-.  Vermoret, brings about certain changes in the atmosphere. The condensation produced by the discharge  modifies the unstable electrical, state  of the hailstorms that compose the  clouds- most feared by the agriculturists. "Whatever may be the merit of  these theories offered in explanation  of the anti-hailstorm cannon, the  fact remains that this odd artillery  is serving its purpose well���������Scientific American.  Unlimited Market for Canadian Produce in the Old Country  The United Kingdom in the fiscal  year 1914-1915 imported meats having a total value of $311,000,000.  Only $81,000,000 of this came from  British possessions. Out of this latter amount no less than $16,000,000  was for frozen beef from Australia. \  It will be seen from this statement  that England is to a large cxtcnt'dc-  pendent for her meat supplies upon  'countries' outside of the British Empire. The Argentine sent no less  than $70,000,000 worth of chilled  beef, frozen beef and canned beef.  Canada contributed little outside of  bacon and hams. Since the war broke  out there have been continuous demands for meats of all kinds. Enormous supplies hav"c been sent forward by the Argentine, Australia,  Mew Zealand, the United States and  Uruguay. Some fairly large orders  have also been placed in Canada.  With a view to studying the situation on the spot and acquiring information "for the direction of Canadian :'production,, . Mr, H. S. Arkcll,  Assistant Live Stock Commissioner,  early-in the year went to England  and France, and on his return prepared a report which is amongst the  most valuable and suggestive articles  in The Agricultural War Book, 1916.  This report is also contained in Pamphlet No. .19 of the Live Stock  Branch.  The  shutting  off   of  the  big  Rus  ORGANIZATION   AND   RESOURCES    PHENOMENAL  Weekly Output of Cartridges is now Greater by iVIillions than the  Annual Output Before Commencement of the War, and  Other Equipment Being Produced Accordingly    o   Mr. F. Kellaway, secretary to Dr.  Addison, Parliamentary secretary of  the Ministry of Munitions, has imparted sonic facts and figures respecting the organization ' and resources at the disposal of the country that constitute a phenomenal accomplishment even in these modern  times.  Great Britain, ,hc said recently,  which had throughout been the  Treasury of the Allies, had now become their armory. There arc now  scattered up and down the country  some 4,000 controlled firms produc  ing munitions of war  To Harness the Tides  Planning to Develop Power from the  Tide's in Bay of Fundy  The tides arc about to be tied down  to labor. At Wolfville, Nova Scotia,  a development company has made a  survey on the water of.the Bay of  Fundy with a view of developing a  tide-water project at Cape Split. An  American expert in hydraulic production of electricity is the scientific  guide of that expedition. As Amcr-  jicans arc loo proud to develop such  [tide waters as they have for power,  wake  us  up  in   this   country.       The  cartridge is greater by millions than  our annual output before the war.  There is a certain machine-gun being produced by the hundred every  week in a factory ordered, planned,  i and  built  during  the '  ,     , ,        . .     -      .      -unit   uuiu  uunug   mc     past     twelve  sian ^supply has made a big opening;,nonths,. which had never been made  in   Great   Britain   before  1915.      The  An Invisible Clock.  A public clock which can be heard  but not seen is one of London's curious possessions. It is in the tower  of St. Mary Abbot's Church, Kensington, and is the only public clock  in the immediate neighborhood. It  chimes the quarters and the hours,  but commits itself no furthe'r. It  has no dial, no hands, no outward  and visible sign of any kind to show  that it is a clock. This eccentricity,  it is explained, is the result of two  causes, one aesthetic, the other financial. When the tower was built in  1897 a clock was suggested as an  afterthought, but the architect protested that it would mean the addition of 15 feet to the lower, and the  ruin of its cherished proportions. Aj  second point was that the church,)  having but slender funds, could not  afford a clock with a dial. A compromise was arrived at by installing  the works of a chiming clock in the  belfry without dial or hands.  "How long did you stay in your  last place?"  "Two weeks, mum, and before I  agree to come to work for you I  should like to know hqw long you  kept the last girl you had."  First Voluntary Aid: This patient's  temperature is 105 degrees. What  shall I do?  Second Voluntary Aid: Put hbu  down 100. The doctor gets so nervous if it's more.  Royal Army Medical Corps  Lord Derby, British Under-Secretary for War, said in a recent interview with a representative of the  Brooklyn vEaffle: "The battle of'the  Allies on the Sommc has emphatically demonstrated that the British  organization is markedly superior in  one very "important respect to that  of Germany���������our hospital arrangements are superb. 1 believe that the  work of the Royal Army Medical  Corps is unsurpassed by that in any  war we have ever fought. Our soldiers, wounded- one morning on the  front in France, twenty-four hours  later receive medical attention in  London hospitals. Such a feat is unparalleled, and I think may be taken  as a fair indication of the efficiency  of the new armies. Wounded men  arc transported rapidly for long distances along the roads, while the  railways arc carrying large quantities  of munitions, food and medical supplies toward the fighting lines. The  new steel helmet has completely vindicated its adoption. I have heard  unofficially that minor casualties iTi  the Sommo have been reduced considerably by the use of this device.  Minor head wounds arc extremely  rare."  American commercial travellers in  India arc-double in number this  year as compared with last year,  and they arc bidding rates for general merchandise orders that  "knock out" British competitors. On  the other hand a large number of  firms have given the United Stales  houses to understand that as soon  as the<War is over they will revert  to their British shippers.  Willis: I wonder if there will cvtr  be universal peace?  Gillis: Sure. All they've got to do  is to get the nations to agree that in  case of war'the winner pays the pensions.  for Canadian eggs, which will con  tinue as long as the war lasts. After  the war, Canada can hold her trade  if we pay special attention lo quality  and grading.  Through a lessening of the Danish  imports due largely to German purchasing in Denmark, Canada has been  enabled greatljr to increase her exports. The war demands have been  great, and the British workman has  been able to buy bacon more freely.  Canada can hold this increased trade  if we keep up the quality and carefully look to the method of curing.  The outlook for the feeding of hogs  is promising at the present lime.  We produce good beef in Canada,  but the quantity of prime available  for the British market is as yet quite  limited. The home market and the  United Slates appropriate all this.  After an interesting trial,' however,  it has been found that France is, and  will continue to. be, a good market  for our frozen beef; possibly also  Italy.  This is'but a brief reference lo  some of the ..'chief points of Mr.  ArkcH's survey. It would seem "that  while the war lasts there will be an  increasing demand. for meat of all  kinds, for eggs, poultry and dairy  products, particularly cheese. ������������������After  the. war is over there will be some  re-adjustments that cannot now be  foreseen, but through the enormous  destruction of livestock in Europe,  and the tremendous drains that have  been made on the surplus products of  the rest of the world,'there must result an enhanced value in live stock  of all-kinds. . There may be some  uncertainty as to market conditions  of grain after the Avar, but not so as  to live stock and live slock products.  No Trust in Hoheizollerns  About 100 species   of   oysters have  been classified by scientists.  "Nobody Home" to Talk Peace With  the Kaiser  The German Chancellor has talked  peace in a lordly German sort of  way. Ultimate defeat is in sight, so  with the approvalof the Berlin Government a corps of orators is starting out to educate the public to accept a draw. Von Betumafln-Holl-  weg has even said, that Germany  being willing to make terms, the Allies arc responsible for all the slaughter and destruction, that occurs from  this time forward. " This is all talk  and bluster. ^ How can the Allies  think of entering into a peace agreement with the man who invented the  "scrap-of-paper" phrase, broke, a solemn treaty with Belgium and pleaded national necessity as his excuse  for the crime?  What     prospects  would     there be  that  hc  or  the  German  Government  would keep any peace compact? The  whole record of that nation is against  acceptance  of   its   pledges   or  undertakings.   ������If Germany  still   possessed  the strength to do so, would she not  disregard any national treaty whatsoever?    It is the kernel of German history and  the basic principle  of German policy that no promise is binding if  in  the  eyes  of  the war lords  the immediate national interests seem  to demand otherwise.    As is pointed  out  by  most   reputable  historians,   it  has been  the practise of Prussia and  the    Hohcnzollerns    from    time immemorial    to    violate their plighted  troth and even  to enter into  treaties  with  the intention  of breaking themj  as soon as it became convenient.        |  It    will  require '"something    more  than   the   promise   of a     Bcthmann-  Hollwcg or the Royal hand of a .1-1 o-  henzollcrn.   to  assure   the    Allies  of  Germany's pacific intentions.    As ruled today, Prussianized Germany is so  untrustworthy    that  her    opponents  cannot consider terms with her until  they have driven her back upon her  own   territory,    crushed    her  on  the  field  of  battle,  and  taught  the   German masses    that the Kaiser's    bad  faith and   militarism    will no  longer  save them.   That is why wc must refuse peace and keep on fighting. The  war  must   go  on   until   the  Kaiser's  vast war machine is so broken that  it can never again menace the peace  and liberties of th; world.���������Toronto  News.  output of guns and howitzers has  been increased by several hundred  per cent.  France, Russia and Italy have been  supplied by or through Great ...Britain with many of the most important munitions of war. Many thousands of tons of steel have been and  arc being sent to.France.  There were 184,000 women engaged in war industries in 1914. Today  there are 666,000. The total number  of war workers in 1914 was 1,198,600.  It had now increased to 3,500,000.  There were 471 different'.-'..munition  processes upon which women were  now engaged."  In every branch of the Ministry..of  Munitions the best business - brains  of the ���������'.conn try had been placed at the  nation's disposal in the great work  of industrial reorganization. Some of J  these men had gi?cn up incomes  which would make a Cabinet Minister's mouth water, and were working  like galley slaves; week in and week  out, .without a penny reward. If by  a business government is meant government by business men, -then we  had arrived at a business government  so far as" the ������������������'���������Ministry "of. Alunitions  was concerned.  "For a long time," Mr. Kellaway  added, "our. - anti-aircraft gunners  had been crying but for an improved  height-finder fcfr Zeppelins, the. existing height-finders-being slow,  clumsy, and having a margin of error  of hundreds' of feet. You will realize how. that handicapped our gunners in their attempts to bring down  Zeppelins. Three men set to work  on the problem, and in two or three  months they produced a height-finder  which gave rapidly and exactly the  height of a.Ze*ipelin. It was an important discovery, but the problem  was only one of .-hundreds which arc  continually cropping- up."  tides of the Bay of Fundy are as  famous for their ups and downs as  the revolutions, of Mexico, if not  more so. A current motor recently .  experimented with in the Gaspereau  River, was twelve feet long and two  and one-half feet high, and is reported to have developed power as the  tide rose which reached a maximum  of two horse-power by the time the  machine was submerged. The later  experiments at Cape, Split are said.  to have shown that motors developed  50 horse-power in a tide current  which ran nine miles .an hour. As  the machine is made like a crab, it  takes advantage of the tide going  out as well as coming in.���������Worcester Telegram.  On the Battlefield'  Magnificent Work of Patrol  In a report to the Admiralty, reviewing the operations of,the Dover  patrol since December, 1915, and recommending numerous officers for  meritorious conduct, Vicc-A.dmiral  Sir Reginald Bacon, commander of  the patrol, says that in the six  months more than 21,000 merchant  ships, apart from men-of-war and  auxiliaries, passed through the patrol lines. Of these only 21 were lost  or seriously damaged by. enemy vessels.  "But lo effect this security to merchant shipping," says the Admiral,  "1 regret that over 4 per cent, of  our patrol vessels have been sunk  and the lives of 77 officers and men  lost to the nation."  The Admiral further notes thai the  patrol assists in the protection of the  Hank of all sea transports to and  from the British army in France, and  that this vast transport has .been so  thoroughly safeguarded that not a  single life has been lost during the  sea passage.  A Slight Misunderstanding  The girl's father, a gruff, stout old  fellow, came into the parlor at 9.30  with his watch in his hand. The  young man was standing on -a chair  straightening a picture that the girl  had asked  him  to fix.  "Voting man, do you know what  time  it  is?"  asked   father.  "Yes, sir," replied the youth, jumping down, "I was just goin  Sensations of a Soldier in the Thick  of the Fight  Referring to the feeling; of a man  on the battlefield, an officer of the  13th Canadian Scottish, who has returned to Toronto:on leave, states:  The idea of being killed never af-  '.fecled mc in the slightest, and I  know.many a man who was, never  any good at sports, and who had no  nerve whatever, who made a corking  good soldier. My theory is .that  your nervous system changes altogether. You seem to be a different  person. I remember standing up at  that show on the 19th of April when  a shell came along and literally  strewed on a hedge the man who was  standing beside me. I felt no sense  of fear ���������whatever, only a slight anger.  If you arc up and doing something  you don't mind the shells at all, but  if you have to lie-in the trench there  arc occasions on which everybody is  scared pea-green, and the man who  says he is not is a liar."  "A man sweats a good deal in the  trench," continued the officer, "and  his greatest need seems to be water  rather than food. The men usually  get more food than they can cat.  The water is not very good . even'to  the most callous taste. France is  such a highly cultivated country that  the .veils are practically sunk in  manure piles. To this taste is added  various substances which the doctors claim render "the water harmless.  It may be so, but it doesn't smell  like it."  Germans Show^How Wind Blows  Cheap editions of Shakespeare and  Dickens' works are being printed  and circulated in Germany. Commenting upon the mysterious fact  the "Frankfort News" says: "Let us  not forget that peace will come, that  reconciliation will be sought (the  News "docs not say by whom!), and  that for ibis purpose mutual belles-  lettres will provide a medium which  should not be under-estimated. Especially suitable for this object will  be the works of authors who do not  directly speak to us of events of our  own era."  The Mayor of Munich has again  said that the state of affairs in his  city is "most revolting. . . .1  have been asked to refrain from giving public utterance to the facts on  the ground that the enemy may rejoice. I don't care what the enemy  knows. The trouble is that the German people do not know what is  taking place in their very midst,"  Joke Was On Hun Colonel  An   amusing  proof  of  the  clement  of  surprise   in   the   French   attack  is  furnished  in  a   story  which   readied  ���������  ..��������� , ,.._ h���������1116, _ Paris    recently    from    the    Santcrre  He rushed into the hall, seized Iii.s'front.    A German colonel one morn-  coat  and   hat,  with   father following. \'mS  was    peacefully  shaving    in   his  ���������dugout,    when  his    orderly  shouted  down:    "The    French    arc coming!"  As the caller reached for the door,  father again asked him if he knew  the lime.  "Yes, sir. Good night." And hc  left without putting his coat on.  The old gentleman turned to his  daughter in genuine astonishment:  "What is the matter with that young  fellow? I wanted him to tell mc the  time so I could set my watch."  "We dined out last night. Pa disgraced us, as usual,"  "How was that?"  "He got lo the end of the dinner  with three forks and two spoons still  unused."  The colonel said the German equivalent of "Tell that to the horse marines," and went on lathering. Ten  minutes afterwards, with an un-Ger-  man sense of humor, he told the  story to his French captors.���������London  Times.  Mrs. Youngbride: I'm getting otif  Ice from a new man now, dear.  Youngbride: What's wrong witb  the other man?  Mrs. Youngbride: The new dealer  says he'll give us colder ice for the  same money. THE   SUN.    GKAND   FORKS,   B.C.  SHORT and SSWPY  The secret of tho success ot our  Want Ads. Is that throy aro short  and snappy. Pcoplo llko a plain  businoss story told In a few words  ���������nd If thoy want anythlnrj-thcy  rofor to tho placo whoro they  will find It with tho loast trouble,  viz., tho Classified Want Ads* Is  your business represented there  WmiBXM0**timM2*m*^*V'r~;  FOR SALE  M  ARK���������Kour years old;  wt-igh"t  uhout 1300  lbs.   Cull nt Hotel i'roviiice.  PONV���������Cheap: six years old: sx'utle: broke  to saddle and buggy    Apply  Hotel  Province.  AGENTS WANTED  WANTKD���������Industrious men, who can enrn  $100 00 per inontti and expenses, selling  our products lo fiinnors. .Must h'lve some  means fur starting oxpeuses and furnish, fon-  t-ncts, >igiiod by two responsible men. Address The W. T. Rawleign Co., bid.. Winnipeg,  .������.an., giving aire, occupation mid references.  FARM PRODUCE WANTED  Mrs. Robert Gaw returned on  Tuesday from a visit with her daughter, Mrs. Mann, at Anyox, B. G:-  The new^-l 0,000 horsepower unit  of the West Kootenay Power & Light  company's plant at Bbnm'ngtori Falls  was turned-over on Tuesday. It has  been built this summer.- The increase  in capacity of the plant, which is  brought up to 40,000 horsepower by  the new unit, has been made neces  sary by the development of the smelting and mining operations in tho  Boundary and Kootenay districts.  {Continued from Page 5.)  division v.  Senior Second:  Hardy U ris wo Id  Gladys Armson  f Hilda Smith  Clare U'Ren  John Lane  Margaret Bruno  Lola  Baker  Clifford Brown  Frank'Worden  WANTKD AT ONCE���������Potatoes and onions  Ranchers having ciiiiliuit es of produce  for alcthisfnll, kindly send 1 st ufsumeaud  ])i-iccs wanted to C V. Muggitt.  BOOT    REPAIRING  TAKK   your   repairs   to   Armson, sboe   re  I    pairer.     The   Hub.    book" tor the  Big  ISuol  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHKST CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  ���������and    Ranges.    K  C.   Peckham,   secondhand Store.  soniro  (A'phonseOali^eauJunior Second:  \ Mary Fleming      Dorothy Latham  Anna Marovitch     Ruth Lamina  Irene Frankovitch Nora Harris  Joe Bishop Arne Halle  Herbert Heaven    Clarence Mason  Jack Miller  Ethel Miller   '  .lobn Peterson  I-lHleri O'Cohnel  Nellie Allen  KLsie Nelson  Vera Lvden  Horace Green  Elsa Morella  Iitbel Wiseman  Fred Bryenton  Francis Crosby  Edmond Wells  Ernest Green  Lem John  Edward Molt  Harry Stacy  Joseph Japp  Kenneth Murray  James Clark  Nick Verzuh  DIVISION VI.  Junior 2nd R������ader:Ivan Morrison  Lizzie Gordon Sylvester Kraus  Bita Niles Walter Anderson  MildredWetherell Charles Anderson  John Kelly, formerly an employee  of the Gran by smelter, returned to  ibe city on Tuesday from Anyox,  jind will reniiiin here until after the  Christmas holidays. He says that  Anynx is one of the most prosperous  towns in the province.  John Kirkup, a pioneer of the  Kootenay and Boundary districts,  died in Nanaimo last week from  blood poisoning and _ din betes Mr.  Kirkup was government agent and  ���������fold couimissioner in [iossland for  many years. _    <.  GIVE ' * SYRUP OF FIGS''  ������   TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and bowels.  Bertie Scott  Nellie Youn<r  Emerson Reid  Mave Farmer  Vera Bickerton  Hazel Nystrom  .Jennie Allan  Harry Cooper  Ruth Hesse  Lloyd Quinlivan  Edna Luseombe  Hazel Waldron  Margaret Robillard  Herbert Clark  George Manson  Stuart Ross  First Reader:  Gertrude Cook  Fred Galipeau  Lome Murray  Walter Rasbleigh  Rupprt Rul'ivan  Arthur  Hesse  Vivian McLeod  Kenneth Massie  Isabelle Innes  Look   at the   tongue,   mother!     If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver i  and  bowels need  cleansing at  once, j  When peevish, cross, listless, doesn't j  sleep, eat or act naturally, or is fever- I  ish,' stomach  sour,  breath  bad;   has :  sore throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give  a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  constipated   waste,   undigested   food  and sour bile gently moves out of its  little bowels without griping, and you  have a well, playful child again.   Ask  your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains full  directions for babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  Lucy Teabo  Dorothy  DeCew  DIVISION- VII.  Second Primer:       Frank Gordon  Margaret Ross   '.  DorotbyM'Lauchlin  Elton Woodland    Paulina Mohler  Edith Eureby        Albert Snyder. ������������������ .-  Br una- Berazowska John Stafford  Jarin Wright Janet Bonthron  Charles Shannon    James Shannon  .Wallace Huffman  Joseph Lyden  Grace Bmu Valdemar Peterson  Gordon Clark Gladys Jewell  Louis O'Keefe        Mary Ogiloff  Mike'Verzuh  Merle Wright  Herbert Harris  Ethel Sale  John Matesa  First Reader:  Ernest Hadden  Bessie idUirkness  Gordon McCallum Alice George  Henry Reid Peter Santano  Nick Ogiloff John Sorkoreff  FannySherstobetoff    '  DIVISION  via.  Seoond Primer:       George Francis  James Innes Fav Walker  are  by buying your  Winter's Supply oi  Clothing  from us  We have a large stock to select from, and  our prices places them within the reach  of all.  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  i ���������  Morley Miller Harry Nucieh  'Edgar Galipeau Dorothy Fracass  La'wrenceO'ConnorPeter Padgett  Paul Kingston Daniel Wilson '  Maurice Lane. Willie Mola  John Graham Ellen McPherson  .Ifibn Santano Cecelia Graham  Harry Acres Newton Chapman  Ida Knox Marion Kerby ,  ���������Francis Lara ma Jessie Allan  Blanche Mtison Dorothy Mills  Marion McrCio Florence LeRoy  Earl Petersen Jigi Morel I   ���������  Dorothy Davidson Vera Morell  First Primer: Tommy Allan   '  Richard Wallaco Marjorie.Cook  Lydia Colarch PI ugh Crosby  Albert Colarch Emmet Baker  Autone Do Wilde Dorothy Gray  Mike Sberstobetoff Mike Morell  Kathleen Gilroy  DIVISION   IX.  Receiving Class:    Grace Elliott  Frank Griswold .    Annie Bowen  Clarence Truax      Joseph Simmons  Edith  Matthews    Arthur Bickerton  Ellen Wright Pauline Baker  Arvia Anderson      John Kingston  Donald MeKinnon Clifford Fee  Donald McFarlane Dewey Logan  Helen Mills Robert Shannon  Aubrey Dinsmore Joseph Mills  Edna Japp '    Robert'Sapples  Parma Cooper Jessie Downey  Dorothy Heaven     Benjamin Fee  Glen Murray Grace Glaspell  Florence Herr        Gordon Harkness  Amy Kufrinoff       Violet Logan  Theodore Asineus   Frances Mola  Rose Exter Lee Maurelli  Walter Manson      John Heusdens  ���������Joyce Kirk John Harris  i-Je irgc Hadden       Cildo Pisacreta  Walton Vant Florence Brau  Neville Kirk       -   Genes Ro������si  James White Francis Wilson  Benjamin Wright  WinnifreH Smith  Gotdon Massie        Avelina Rossi  Grand Forks school cadets who  have enlisted:  Dall Barlee Albert Brouillette  Don Farmer Oswald Hay  Alf Heaven Wilfred Holmes   .  Au'ay  Munro Kobert Newhnuer  Cecil McCallum Caughey McCallum  Ewart McMynn Chads McCracken  Archie Symes (Krisolike)  The above list was furnished to the  department <f education, upon re-  imest. The names are to be added to  ;i roll of honor b}7 the Strathcona  trust.  END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, .nausea, bad taste  in mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in Ave minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize in five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion,/  dyspepsia or any stomach disorder.  It's the quickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  MERGHNT'S WIFE ADVISES  GRAND FORKS WOMEN  "1 bad stomach trouble so bad I  could eat nothing but toast, fruit and  hot water. Everything else soured  and formed gas. Dinting did no good.  I was miserable until I tried buck-  tlurn bark, glycerine, etc.,as mixed in  Adlerika ONE SPOONFUL bene  filed me. INSTANTLY." Because  Ad lor i kn empties BO 1'fi larue and  small intestine it relieves ANY CASE  constipation, sour stomach or gas and  prevents appendicitis It. luts QUICK  EST action of anything we ever sold  Woodland <k Quinri, druggists.  The Sun, at 81 a year', is superior  to an}' ������2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have  Poultrymen  Improve Your  Flocks  For Sale���������Fifty S.U.'WIuir  Leghorn Cockerels.- Biv-i  for   o^'j,    prodnotion    only  Your choioo ;ifc $:i.00 cidi.  J. A. cJMcCALLUM,  GRAND FORKS,  15. C.  Eor  Up-to-Date Jewellery*\  , .     " "    ': v   '.'-..: ',"*   Go to ' '"   -���������"���������' --"   '"���������' ' "���������������������������"���������,:  ;   :      Timberlake, [fon <^ Co.  Newest Styles Choicest Patterns  Lowest Prices   .  TIMB  iiiLi^  ii  L������fl  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forks  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  Addressing Mail to Soldiers  In order to facilitate the .handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name,  (d) Squadron, battery or company.  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), staff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (g) British Expeditionary Force.  "   (h)  Aimy Post, London, England.  Unnecessary   mention    of     higher  formations, such as brigades, dyisions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay.  Advertise in The Sun.   It has the  largest local circulation.  The Sun is always a live issue ' in  Grand Forks.  A Sun "war.t" ad. always   brings  results.  HANSEN, SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  ������  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  First Street  TELKl'HONKS;  Ori'iCE, Kf>6  HANSEN'S ItKSIDESCK. K38  You can not reach The Sun's  numerous readers except through  the columns of The Sun.   -  Yale Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty^  Independent Bran  Counter Cfieefc  Boots  Made in Toronto. The  b^st counter check books  on .the market' today.  Eastern Prices  We   have a  two  years'  contract to handle  these  books. Call and see sam-.  pies  At The Sun Office  P. A.   Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  .   Yale Hotel, Fiust"Street  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  EnabloB traders  throughout  the  world   te  communicate direct with English. ��������� ,..������������������.  MANUFACTURERS &' DEALERS^  in each class of poods. Besides being a .com"- ,  plcto commercial guide to Loudon'and ltj". .  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS    .    ":  with the Goods'tliey ship, and the Ooloniftl  and Korcipn Markets they supply;  ! STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,-  aud indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of tho current edition will be'f>r-  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orhirjrer advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON; DIRECTORY CO., LTD  5, "Abeliurch Lanp. London, E.C.  SENT TO YOU FROM  ���������  ENGLAND  ���������  YOU can have either of these latest London  Novellie* sent to ynu from England l>y  Kettiin Miiil. Thousanrls of other useful  articles you can obtain in the same way.  Everyone in England and in the British  Army ami Nuvv is wearing a  PROTECTED  WRIST  i nsk you  , and you ���������  tlnlllllCf   4  leceive  the ���������  ' Iht: beau- ���������  its   richly *  j mid hjihI- *  is a wiiii- J    ..   will  Kfi'p 4  true time for . 0 yenrs in any oil- J  mate���������It Iiiim liiiiiinnua IiiuhU which J  aliou Ilu-Mii.t'   in iIih rinrl'.and ihc ������  iOTily45/-.    It is a hlnh-clns.1 pii'S.iiliition wnli'li *  VVHle  n.iw.  ������������������������������������ PoHtnl'Onltr vnliu- 5/- unci pnv 1'iiliniie 40'- (CO. I).; 4  Catnl(ij;iie of n thousand other useful novelties post, fre.e.. J  OVTA'-OG'JE  P3 a **      SOUVENIR   BROOCH   :  Anew Win tle~ijrit, the idol of our J  Eii������lisli Lndies, tliejjreatiiewpoimlin- J  fashion, Naval Anchor design engraved, with ���������  any wording nol excci'iiii.y 12 let cih,   micIi  an���������"Love,   from   Ted,"    "Joe   to   Ann/,"  ���������' Tom to Mother."    Hull-marked Silver, 3/-.  Gold, 15/-. 1'ost free to any j>ait of the worl  ^SF.SS, Ltd.. Matchmakers. RVF. p������������. (E^������rd)


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