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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 14, 1915

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 mm  am^BfflMSBMta  -V  K'  ivi/vn  .Iylyl5  Kettle Va I toy Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 28  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 14, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  R?. '  speed.   The matter'was'referred  to  the police commissioners.  The application of Mr. Metcalfe  for a license, to ruri a refreshment  booth ori Bridge street during the  celebration on May 24th was referred to the finance committee and  the city clerk  Mayor Gaw a'nn .Aid.   Bickerton,    . The board of works was   instruct  .Bonthron. Donaldson,   Manly,   Mc7v  -Galium and Smith were -present  at  the- regular . meeting   of   the   city  council on Monday evening.  The collector   of   road  and dog  "'.taxes was instructed  to collect" the  dog  tax  from Mrs. Joe Johnson or  to see that the owner destroyed  the  dogs.     - ���������       '        -   r  ,; A committee from the board of  . trade asked that the council decorate" the streets by . putting up  - streamers of electric lights - for���������, the  celebrated on tbe 24th inst., and also  to drain the skating rink so that a  basketball game could be played'in  itin the evening of thaj date. The  request was granted. ;*'  J W. Harris asked,the council for  the use of a'crjy lot for poultry raising. The clerk was advised to inform him that the property he desired is owned by a party now living  in Ireland.  City Health Officer Kingston reported that he had inspected all the  dairies in'the valley, and had found  them'in good sanitary condition.  All the milk he had tested had contained 3������ per cent and over of" butter fat.  -- A .Spokane oil ..promoter , wrote  and asked the "license fee for selling  oil stock- shares. Aid Manly said  the fee should be 850 a minute.  The clerk was instructed to inform  the promoter that the license would  cost him $25 a day.  .The chairman ' of the board of  works reported that the only thing  the city team could be employed  at these days was on street work.  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that Mr.  McDonald's cabin had been repaired; that there were still a few  piles of rubbish leftover from cleanup day, and that the debris caused  by the recent fire in Columbia should  . clearsd away. He had communicated with the owner of this property, J H.-Plalh, who had authorized the council to clear away the  rubbish and to charge the cost  against the property.  The chairman of ihe cemetery  committee reported that he had not  yet obtained quotations for cement  posts with which to fence the cemetery. Mr. Galipeau, of the Concrete company, was present and  stated that the cost would be about  S85. As the cemetery committee's  appropriation of $200 is still intact,  a majority of the council were in  favor of this iniprovemedt being  made.  The chairman of the water and  light committee reported that some  garden hose was needed for the fire  hall. He recommended that the  water rate to the Model Livery be  reduced to $o per month until  urther notice. Several application  for city water had been received, and j  one consumer had com pi lined of an  ed-to .get'the fence around the .nuis  ance grounds repaired.  _ The water . and light committee  was empowered t j purchase hose for  the fire hall and to fix the water rate  for the Model Livery barn'.  The matter of substituting the  trestle across the North Fork, ne^r  Dr. Averill's residence, by making a  fill, was discussed..' The chairm an  of the... board of works stated that  Road Superintendent Spraggetthad  offered .him the use of the compressor for blasting rock with which to  .make the fill. After the rock . had  been blasted, -he said, the city team  could be kept employed on the work.  Oil motion of Aid. Manly .and Bickerton, the board of works was instructed to procure the compressor  and to start work on the fill.  The chairman of the health aud  relief committee was instructed to  further communicate with J. H.  Plath in regard to clearing away the  debris from _ his lots in Columbia.  The committee was also granted the  use ��������� of the- city - team for hauling  away the balance of the rubbish  gathered on clean-up day.  The city clerk stated that, according to the provincial statutes, .own-  ersof stock who permitted their an  imals to run at large were liable for  the damage done by them inside the  city limits.  The matter of employing an extra  man at the plumping station for a  couple of months during the summer season was referred to the water  and light committee.  Aid. Donaldson gave notice that  at the next meeting he would ask  leave to introduce a bylaw providing  for the alteration of the alley in  block 44, plan 14.  Aid. Manly gave notice that at  the next meeting he would ask leave  to introduce a tax and rate   bylaw.  The monthly accounts were ordered to be paid.  RECRUITING FOR  Col. W. M. Davis, of Victoria,  officer commanding the 54th battalion,-arrived in Grand Fork's on  Monday and spent a couple of days  in the city- inspecting the Sharpshooters and arranging details with  Capt. Kirk for recruiting the members of the company into the Koote  "nay-Boundary battalion now being  organized. Capt. Kirk has been  made local recruiting officer, and  two hundred men are wanted from  this city for immediate overseas service. Recruiting offices have alto  been opened in the Boundary at  Greenwood, Phoenix and Cascade  Recruiting notices have been' posted  at all these points, and during the  short lime the offices have been open  a large number of .men have en  listed. ���������  At Nelson recruiting is increasing  rapidly, and within a few days half  of the number of men to be raised  there probably-will be on, the roll.  Vernon will be the point of mobilization for the 54th Kootenay and  Boundary battalion This was announced Thursday night by Col. W.  M. Davis, office- commanding. The  date of mobilization was not stated,  but it is anderstood to be soon. It is  therefore imperative bhat men intending to enlistsKould immediately do so  before the recruiting depots close.  Tuesday, Thursday .and Saturday,  connecting with the train forNelson.  Going west trains will leave Midway  at 2:30 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday and Friday.  McCabe-Brown  The marriage of George MeCabe  and Miss Florence Brown, daughter  of Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Brown, took  place-at the home of the bride's parents, near Carson, on Monday last,  the ceremony being performed by  Rev. M. D. McKee. The groom is  an old-timer of Grand Forks, having  employed at tbe Grar.by smelter for  ten or twelve years, and the bride,  who has also resided here for a number of . years, is. a popular young  lady and has a wide circle of friends.  Mr. and Mrs. McC���������be will make  their future home in  Grand   Forks.  S OF THE CITY  Mrs.' Oliver, of Greenwood, last  Sunday received a telegram stating  that her husband, Sidney-Oliver,  and her son William had bean-  killed at the front. Both men were  with the first contingent. Mr. Oliver  is survived by a wife and six children, all of whom live in Greenwood, with the exception of one  daughter at Trail.  Sergt. C, T. Bailey, at one time  manager of the'Mother Lode store,  having enlisted with the first contingent at Vancouver, ' died from  wounds received at Ypres. He  leaves a wife residing at Colling-  wood. Vanceuver.  At Goeenwood this week negotiations were under way with a view  to reopening the Greenwood smelter  and Mother Lode mine.  The Grand Forks creamery is now  making about 200 gallons of ice  cream daily. Shipments are made  to all Boundary and Kootenay  towns, and as far east as Cranbrook.  At the annual meeting of the  Grand Forks Liberal association, in  the committee rooms Wednesday  evening, the following officers were  elected for the -ensuing year: President, Neil McCallum; vice president,  John Donaldson, seorcbary, E. J.  Fitzpatrick; treasurer, E C Henniger. The executive boaid is composed  of the above officers and J. A. McCallum, B. Lequime, R. L. Mytton,  P. H. Donaldson and Mr. Webster.  H. W. Gregory and R. Campbell  were chosen members of the district  association from the local  association.  Victoria day will be fittingly cele-'  brated in Grand'Forks this-.year on  Monday, May 24. The' celebration  committee has made elaborate preparations, and if climatic conditions  are favorable the event will assuredly prove "a success and attract a large  crowd of people the city. The city  council has conseuted the illuminate  the streets at night and to otherwise  improve the city's attractiveness  with flag and bunting decorations..  The railways will give special rates  from all Boundary and Kootenty  points.  A good program of sports has been  pregared, and cash prizes will be  offered for all events. There will  be baseball, football and basketball  games between teams from this city  and Nalsou, as well as open Caledonian sports and children's competitions, but the bigge������t drawing card  of the day will undoubtedly be the  military maneuvers by the Grand  Forks Sharpshooters. A special  train will be run from Nelson, and  it is intended to make it Nelson's  day at Graud Forks. The celebration will close with a dance in the  opera house at night.  GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR EMPIRE  C. A. S. Atwood and his son Eric  had a narrow escape from a serious  accident on Tuesday evening. While  returning home from tbe Riverside  Nurseries, accompanied by two  workmen, something went wrong  with the steering gear of their auto Social Service Council of British Col-  shdrtly after passing the C.P.R. urnbia, will speak on the subject,  bridge, and the car plunged over the   "Prohibition  and   the War," in   the  Rev. J,   S.   Henderson,    M.A..  Vancouver, reprepresentative   of  of  the  bank, which is almost perpendicu  lar and 20 or 25 feet high. Mr. Atwood and his son jumped clear,, but  the two meu in tbe back seat had be taken up in  no time or opportunity to get out j campaign work,  and went down with the car, but  were unhurt, the car keeping right  side up and stopping with the front  wheels in the river. The car was  only slightly damaged.  Empress theatre, Monday, May 17,  at 8 p.m. Local musical qalent will  assist  in   the   program.    A collection  the interest of the  " D. Patterson of the 7th battalion,  whose name appears in the list of  wounded, lived in Phoenix and enlisted in this city. Mr. Patterson  contested Grand Forks riding for the  legislature in the Liberal cause six  or seven Xears ago. He is belipved  to have a sister or some other relative living at Victoria.  Mrs. Keady and Mrs. Lekeland, of  Greenwood, have received word that  they have lost anotlier-cousin at the  frout. /This makes four cousins killed  and three wouudecl. They have still  sixteen relatives with the colors, including Mr. Lakeland's brother and  Mr. Keady's brother.  afternoon a memorial service  held in Holy Trinity  church  W. A. Curran and K. Wilkinson,  This week thirteen cars of copper both of Nelson, members of the  ore���������450 tons���������were shipped by the Grand Forkg Sharpshooters, have  Montana Continental Development ( been promoted in rank. The former  company from the . Rocher Deboule has been made reCruiting sergeant  mine to the Granby smelter at Anyox, anc] tue ialter corporal.  says the   Hazel boh   Herald.    This   is  It costs   the  Granby  company 8  cents a pound to produce copper at  the first shipment from that  property  insufficient water supply.    Donkho-I       f��������� ���������    15   .       n_u_.,i       .. ���������  rr > |or   trom   iiocher   Deboule mountain.  bor Mary had made  application for: mi, , ., ,    i   i   ,. n   _ u      i      ������������������ .  J ' l ! Hie ore was loaded atCarnaby, where  Anyox  free water.   Her case was referred to  tne tram' comes over  the   mountain  the health and relief committee.        i from the workings.    The Iiocher   De-  Ald.   Donaldson said   something, boule property is now   a hive   of   in-  shotild be done to regulate   automo-, d^- ^Y   department is work-  ���������   .    ,,       . ,.   . ; ino and from now on there will be big  bile-traffic in the city. Serious ac- shjpments eve.T few days, as the com-  cidents were inevitable if owners of pany js jn Hi,f4;e to take out a hun-  machiues maintained   their present dred tons of ore a day.  Beginning June 1 trains will be  run over the Kettle Valley railway  three times a week from Midway to  the coast via Penticton and Spence's  Bridge. Trains going east will arrive at   Midway   at   2:lo p.m. on  Next - Sunday   at  will   be  for   the  late Montague F. Mudge and Frank  Hicks, 7th battalion, Canadian expeditionary force, who fell in the fighting In Flanders last week.  The provincial government has been  advised that the British admiralty is  about to place an order with British  Columbia timber mills forv10,000,000  feet of lumber, valued al $100,000,  delivery to be made in June and  July.  D. M. McQuarrie, of   Nelson,   visi  ted his son  in this city last   Tuesday.  Grand Forko citizens wer* this  week forcibly reminded of the fact  that Canada is at war. On Sunday  a telegram reached the city from  Ottawa saying that Montague Frank  Mudge had been killed in action  in Flanders. Deceased was a member of the first Canadian expeditionary force and was the second son  of Charles"Mudge of this city. The  news of bia dead was first announced  at the evening service in Holy  Trinity church. The late Mr. Mudge  was a very bright young man, and  to mark of the respect in which he  was held by the people of the city,  the flags on the court house and a  number of business houses were  lowered to half mast on Monday.  Tuesday's casualty list contained  the name of Frank James Hicks as  having fallen on the field of honor,  and yesterday Donald McCallum  received official notice of his death.  Mr. Hicks was also a member of the  first contingent, and was one of the  first men to volunteer for active service at the outbreak of the war. He  was a native of Bristol, England,  but he lived in this city for many  years, having been employed in the  Granby smelter. He was also secretary of the Grand Concrete company, in which concern he was a  stockholder. - Mr. Hicks was a Cine  example of a sturdy, honest and industrious young English, imbued  with a high sense of patriotism. He  was a personal friend of the editor  of this paper, and there are millions  of people in this world whose obituary we would rather write than his.  Mrs. Angus Smith spent a few days  with friends in Phoenix this week.  Charles Sandnor, of Christina lake,  is in the city today.  Oscar Lachrnund and A. F. 11.  Meyer, of Greenwood, and F. H. Nor-  cross, of Copper mountain, spent Sunday night in Oroville, and on Monthly  they inspected a mining property in  that vicinty. THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,  . B. C,  -TT-   More  'Modern     Methods    to   Relieve  Women  on  the  Farm  of the  Endless  Drudgeries,  No  pump.    No pipes.    No faucets.  That's the way things still are on nine  farms out  of ten  throughout certain  whole sections  of American countryside.  The Woman with Ihe Pails is the  1 Waterworks System. Slowlv, wearily,  time-killingly, health-killingly, from  well-curb to kitchen floor, from floor  to stove, from stove to, bench, from  bench back again into the yal-d, she'  lifts and carries tne walcr supply;  and "on wash days," said an engineer  in the Unitefl States department of  labor, "I would calculate she handles  a halt' ton of it. By hand. ��������� In an age  of machinery.    But���������"  He turned to me with eyes which  had changed from those of the engineer to those of the missionary.  "It isn't only water,   it's a hundred  other  things,  too.    A hundred other  drudgeries  which   keep    millions    of  farm women going round and round  in the same spot instead,of going forward.    They should be making better  farms,   more   livable   farms.   These  drudgeries, of the women are keeping  the men back.   They are keeping all  agriculture back.   And they could all  of    them  be lightened and many of  them entirely removed by just a little  demonstration or butter methods."   -  Demonstration!     That's  the  word!  It will shape and color all the use of  all the money to be spent under the  new Smith-Lever Law.   And that law  may yet turn  out to be the largest  -.single   event   in   the  history   of  the  education   of   women.     Look   at   the  size, the money bulk of it:  It will give the one state of Pennsylvania more than a quarter of a million of dollars every year out o������'-the  treasury of tiie government at Washington. It will give all the States,  put together, more than four millions  of dollars every year. The States  must come forward, then, wtih four  millions of dollars of their own. So  when the Smith-Lever Law is in full  operation there v.-iu be eight and a  half millions'of dollars every year���������  for what?  For "Agriculture," says the Law,  and for "Homo Economics."  The Delineator has been corresponding with the college's of agriculture of the various states. All the  Smith-Lever money will tie spent  through those colleges. Through them  A PULVERIZER IS GOOD INSURANCE AGAINST CROP FAILURE���������SEE THE DEALER  women agents. .      \ '  No use being indignant. He's probably quite right.    Yes.    Quite right.  Probably the men have r.poken up  for their share and the women-have  not. ���������.,     j,   .  The outside world of today is itself  becoming "womanly." And never  again will women be ������able to make  good homes, the best homes, without  "womanly" facts  ideas which( the  stands ready to  con-  demanding the  "womanly"  facts and  the /'womanly"  side world now  'tribute.  Did you ever can a cow? You will  pardon the abruptness of the question. But there was a cow down in  Louisiana which very well Illustrated the fact that Uncle Sam himself is  nowadays quite amply equipped with  "womanly" knowledge and skill. And  in what Uncle Sam is already, doing  for. the woman-on-the-t'arm you may  see tlie prophecy, the reliable prophecy, of the kind of work that will be  done under the Smith-Lever Law;.  In the lowlands of Youisiana ice is  scarce. The cow was to be killed.  Her owners distrusted their ability to  consume the whole of her, fresh. They  would have liked to put her in storage. But there was no ice house. She  could not be frightened. Query: Why  not can her?  Now, there was living in that neighborhood a certain federal office holder. To Uncle Sam, represented by that  office-holder, came the request: Hasten hither"' and help us can-_our cow.  And Uncle Sam hastened: for the federal office holder in question was one  of the' four hundred women who  serve Uncle Sam as "county agents,"  teaching f^.rm girls how to can tomatoes���������and most other things, from  oranges to okra.  There's a curious fact about  "county agents'' which makes  different, very different, from  other   teachers.     It's   the   key.  The. Shortage  of Live Stock  Dr.  Creelman's  Advice 'to  the  Farm  ers  of  Western  Canada  Dr.  Creelman,     president    of  Guelpli  Agricultural  College,  the  j-avo  a  it   will  go  on  its   way  to  the  open  country.  ���������Vote the word "through.". Not a  "���������ont of the Smith-Lever money must  he kept by the colleges for the education of the. l:oy and, girl students' in  their class rooms. Every last trickle  of it must flow out into ttie country  for "extension work," for "field demonstration woTk"���������among lh_ fanners  and the farmers' wives; the biggest  single appropriation ;vov made anywhere in the world for tiie education  of adults���������to teacii people how to  make belter farms aifd'how to make  better homes.  Well, how are the colleges planning  for the homes?  Some of them most generously.  Others, we regret to report, astonishingly stingily. They can't see woman's "work. They still think of it as  being a fifth wheel to the world's on-  moving masculine wagon.  And one untamed male educator  tells us "that all of the first year's  money is urgently needed to employ  men agents to teach agriculture in  the various counties of his state, and  he does-n-t^see how any of it can be  spared   to  employ   home     economics  Rash in Patches.   Came on Like  Blisters.   Could Hardly Sleep or  "     from ScPatching.  Cuticura  and Ointment Healed.  Keep  Soap  ^���������^5^L^ ilKiircment for  ("ir>vv?S^ 'J'110 s01''-':< iu'1  I \ VVWV'A* <"veii    pairu'd  Gcrmnnia, Out.���������"My.eczema brokn oufc  villi a rash just in patches about an inch  Iodk- ll camn out like little blisters with  water in them and i;ot a Htt'.o  larger and then (hey broke  'and the watrr-Hko mass ran  out. Tho cciicma was red and  like a running son;, then formed  a thick Hc-y.i. It caused dis-  for tho time bcitiK.  fhed awfully and  down to iny  'throat. 1 could hardly sloop  or ki'ep fr.j'it ww.U'ithis them. When tlio  seal) came oil' i', left a scar.  " [ used soino salvo but it didn't do much  K������od. Then two more sore? broke out In  the R.-inni way and I at. once started to uso  Cuticura Soap and Ointment. I applied  tho Ointment to tho sores and washed them  with tho Cuticura .Soap and hot water.  Cuticura .Soap and Ointment cured mo in  two weeks without leaving any disfigurement." (!ji(iiicd) Miss TenaOreb, Jan. 2, '11.  Samples Free by Mail  ���������Retain your good look?, keep your skin  Clear, .scalp clean and free from dandruff,  and hands soft and white. Cuticura Soap,  with an occasional use of Cuticura Ointment,  will promote and maintain theso coveted  conditions In most c<v=es when n". also falls',  Itesldcs In purity, delicate medication, convenience and economy, they meet with tho  approval of- tho most discriinJnoO-^ jj0i<I  pYC"������llfi'"?. Liberal sample of each mailed  free, with 32-p. Skin Hook. Address postcard "Cuticura, Dept. U, Boston, U. S. A.",  theso  them  most  this  fact  is,, to   the  full  meaning  of  thc(  word "demonstration." These "county  agents' do-not report to Washington  on how many lessons they have been  taught.    They  report on  how  many  cans of tomatoes���������and other things���������  have been produced.   They report on  results  in the lives of the people.  That's education���������the kih"d- of education to which the Smith-Lever  money will be devoted.  In the year 1914 the girls belonging  to Uncle Sam's "Tomato Clubs" managed to add some 5,000,000 cans .of  various products to the total wealth  of the year.  But the most important thing about  those clubs to us just here is that  through them we now see Uncle Sam  going on from helping the girls'  mothers. It was mothers that summoned ihe "county agent" in Louisiana to "demonstrate" the canning of  the can. And the subseauent proceedings deserve honorable mention  among the canning bees of our day.  The women who were present "demonstrated" that cow completely.  That   cow   entered   upon  a   longer  and tenderer culinary career than had  ever  before fallen to the lot of -any.  "cow. in the neighborhood.  Simple? That's the idea! To lift  the standard of living, inch by inch,  for the masses of the people, for the  all of us.  This Avinter. for the first time, the  four hundred women "county agents"  who report to "Uncle Sam have received instructions to work definitely for  the mothers as well as for the girls.  And how? We arc delighted to find  that the United States government,  for its first contribution to the life  of farm women, has picked out the  very thing almost unanimously mentioned by our own readers, in the letters sent to us in our Smith-Lever  Prize Letter Contest, as the first need  of farm Avomen. It is "I_abor Saving  Conveniences."  Men are lazy. That's one of ��������� their  chief virtues. If a man wants to  move a hundred bricks fifteen yards,  he puts them on a wheelbarrow and  rolls them and makes one trip. If a  woman wants to move a hundred  dishes fifteen yards she carries them  and makes five trips. There's a fine  sale for wheelbarrows and a'very poor  one for wheel trays.  Uncle Sam Avill "demonstrate"  wheel (rays. But, first, he will "demonstrate" a -tireless cooker.  And then they will go on to other  "Labor Saving Conveniences" such as  "Kerosene Stoves" and "Wheel  Trays" and "Fix Traps" and "Stop  Saving Devices"���������and, to return to  the Woman with the Pails, we learn  with pelasure that "Before long this  work in Labor Saving Conveniences  will include Practical Water Works  Systems."  How' simple, how pathetically simple, are the beginnings of a Practical  Water Works System for the Woman  with the Pails. There's a "county  agent" in South Carolina who has  been blessing���������and J use that word  advisedly���������blessing the women of her  county by "demonstrating" the-following "system."  out- j "most instructive address at a recent  meeting of the Manitoba Trustees' Association, held in Winnipeg. '  Dr. Creelman opened by asserting  that a school, was just as good as  those who Avcre "bossing" it; and he  felt, in addressing fhe trustees, that  he was face to face Avith the men' behind the guns. "-'-Today we are confronted with a new situation," said  the speaker. "At the present time-  20,000,000 of men are mobilized in'  Europe. .These men have.ceased to  he producers, and have suddenly become consumers, and all are imbued  with the idea ofv being destroyers.  The Dominion, therefore, needs more  men, and we must see to it that the  British people do not want for food.  That thought wo must always keep,  before us.  "I Avish I had the authority to stop  the increasing shortage in livestock  in -the Avestern provinces," Avent_on  Dr. ' Creelman. "He Avho sells' a  young heifer or a young brood soav  is not acting fair to his country. The  high cost of feed is influencing the  farmer to sell Iris stock for slaughter.  I would not feel tnat I had done my  full duty if I did not bring the message to the farmers of Manitoba to  hold onto their, livestock."  Dr.. Ch'eelmanNiss.ejrted that the  Canadian people had before them the  greatest development of agriculture  that the Avorld had ever seen right  here at home. Business conditions  throughout Canada were noAV funda-  "mentally sound," he said. "We must  therefore have faith, and go in for  larger production than over before,"  said he.  "War now is our first business,"  continued the speaker, "and it must  continue to be our first business until it is oVer. When it is over ilnee  things are needed: capital, immigration and enterprise and enthusiasm.  Great Britain will supply t~e capital;  the natural resources ���������__ Canada will  without doubt, attract, all the immigration necessary, and c-ihusiasm is  as much needed in the back townships as in the front, ones; and you  must not let, as trustees, your enthusiasm lag-for a moment. You can  introduce anything' into your school  systems if the teachers and trustees  are enthusiastic about it."  "The function of an agricultural  college," said Dr. Creelman, is not to  shove theories down the boys' throats  but to take the boys and teach them  some things that their fathers on the  farms could not teach them."  The second part of the visitor's address  Avas  devoted   to ��������� New  Zealand  and Australia, which countrie's.he ha'd  visited-'last .fall,  soon  after the outbreak of the Avar.    He and his Avife  had   sailed  from   Victoria  the  night  that war Avas declared, and had landed in New Zealand on the 1st of September.    They made  the  entire trip  with lights out. He said that in NeAV  Zealand  agriculture  was   easy,    and  that cows  ten years old    had never  been out of the  field  that they had  born in.   "The one great' draw-  ' said he, "is that the people of  Zealand are    a.long, long way  anywhere-, else."  ggs  1  bseir  back,  'New"  from  of the kitchen wall a  empty molasses bar-  sink,  piece  W. N. U. 1046  On the "outside  shelf.  On the shelf an  rel.  In the kitchen a galvanized $1.25  From the barrel to the sink a  of pipe.  Jn Hie pipe a fifty cent faucet.  There's the start. . Between that  stafu niid a oatiirooni and hot- water  lies many a weary day. But the  smallness of this work is Us bigness.  Almost anybody can show people how  to finish. Uncle Sari is showing them  how to begin.���������-William Hard in The  Delineator.  In a case of slander a lady took  the Avitness stand on behalf of the  plaintiff, whose counsel Avas examining her. "Now, madam," the lawyer  began, "please repeat the slanderous  statements made by the 'Isfeidant on  this occasion just as you heard them."  "Oh, they are unfit for any respectable person to hear," was the. emphatic ansAver. -.','..  "Then," said the examiner, coaxing-  1\-, "suppose you just Avhisper them  to the judge?"   '  Canada Has Much to Learn From  Methods of Other Countries '  In 1913 Canada imported 13,000,000  dozen of eggs, Avhile last year Ave imported ] 1,250,000 dozen. The eggs  imported, came from New Zealand,  China, Japan, the United States and  Great Britain, it seems hardly creditable that an agricultural country  like Canada should be'unable to supply its own. wants in the matter of  eggs, but the government returns  shoAv that Ave have boeti very heavy  heavy importers.  Canada can learn much from tho  work carried on in other countries in  connectTon with poultry raising,and  egg production. For example, Denmark forty years ago exported eggs  to the value of ������1,800, now "she exports over ������1,433,000 per annum. This  enormous expansion has been due almost entirely to the adoption of better methods of marketing. The Danish  Farmers' Co-operative Egg Exporting  association set the standard for marketing, and today have the whole system clown to a science, with the result that splendid results have been  achieved. Some five hundred local  Societies aro connected with the parent institution, the whole with a membership of over 40,000. In" addition  many butter and bacon factories engage -in the business so t:.at there are  altogether about eight hundred societies of producers wtih some seventy  thousand members engaged in the  egg trade of that country. .The local  societies collect the eggs from the  members, each of Avhoni has a num:  ber,~Avhich is stamped on his. eggs,  Strict rules are enforced, Ayhich prevents members furnishing stale or defective eggs. The eggs thus collected  are sent to a central packing station,  where they are automaticaily counted  and graded, after which they are tested, packed ready for export. At first  sight this seems a lot oik work to take  in connection Avtih the shipment of  eggs, but the results justify the effort. ;  In Canada Ave have .a h'aphazard,'  hit-and-miss, happy-go-lucky, indifferent Avay of producing and marketing  our commodities, with the result that'  wc are unable to grow sufficient of  certain lines of foodstuffs to feed our  own population. On the other hand,  a country like Denmark, .which has  adopted co-operation in gathering and  marketing her produce, has prospered"  enormously. That little country exports immense quantities of eggs,  butter, bacon and 'other produce to  Britain and other countries, while our  great agricultural country is forced  to import eggs and butter.  That there is an immense market  for all the eggs Ave can produce goes  A\'ithout saying. There is first our  local market, capable of taking the  eleven or twelve million dozen which  Ave import each year. There is then  the great outside markets. Great  Britain alone consumed in 1914 eggs  A'alued at. ������24,500,000, of which ������10,-  500,00 were imported. Russia sent the"  largest number of eggs, nsxt came  Denmark folloAved by. practically all  the countries n Europe. There is room  in Canada for a b^g increase in our  egg production.���������Journal of Commerce.  Crops That'  Always   Yield   Several  lo 'fie .Farmer  when the farmers aro  pro-  Tlie McTavish family Avere having  their New Year dinner, and they eagerly watched Mr. McT. carving the  goose, none so eagerly, however, as  the dog, for that intelligent animal  never took his eyrs off the luscious  bird..  Suddenly the knife of the carver  slipped, and sent a fragment of the  goose rolling on the floor.  "Michty me!" cried McTavis".:. "The  leg, ma ain tit-bit! The dog'll get  it!"  "Naw, father," said the youngest  offshoot of the clan McTavish. "he'll  no get it.   A've got ma fit on't."  A Hint  Doctor (politely but looking at his  watch with visible impatience)���������"Per-  don me, madam, but my timo is not  my oavii.\ You have given mc all your  symptoms in sufficient detail, and  now,  perhaps,  you   will   kindly���������-er���������  ha���������"  ���������Husband (not so considerately)���������  "Maria, he doesn't, want to hear your  tongue any more, He wants to look at  it."  A seedy looking man with a consuming financial'condition which precluded the possibility of the purchase  of a drink. He cttdgled his brain and  finally hit on a scheme. Rushing into  a drug store he called out excitedly:  "A lady just fainted outside. Have  you got any AVhisky?" '  "Why, yes, here's some," said the  sympathetic clerk, pouring out a liberal quantity.'-' .    '     ' ���������  "Ah, thanks," 'as he gulped it down,  "it always upsets me to see a lady  faint." :  Forage   Crops  .    Profits  At this time  urged' to ��������� increass the amount  duced on their farms, it is cur first  duty to consider what crops give the  best-profits., By the term" profits are  understood not'only the value of the  yield directly and indirectly, but also  tlife value of the residue left in the  soil and the condition of the soiL  From this standpoint it is .clear that  crops such as clover, alfalfa and cora  are much more profitable than wheat  or oats. These crops have been called the "five profit" crops, inasmuch  as they give five.profits Avhere wheat  gives one, Let us- look for a minute  at the five profits. They are (1) the  crop itseir; (2) the products���������milk,  butter, beef, eggs, pork or horse power  ���������tlu.t can be manufactured from the  crop; (3) the manure; (-l)'.the preparation of the land for a crop of grain;  .and (5) the distribution of work and  income.  With regard to. the value of the  crop itself, most farmers wiji acknowledge that clover,'alfalfa or corn crop  is' at least as valuable-as a wheat or  oat crop. It is, however, the high  value of the "clover, alfalfa or corn  crop when fed to stock and manu-  facured into milk, beef, pork, .etc.,  that commends these crops to- the attention of the farmer. - The profits in  this connection are usually high, and  the labor involved can be mostly arranged for at times which avouIc!  otherwise  be largely  unoccuicd.  Again, the \'alu_ of the manure  arising from the feeding of clover and  corn crops and the manufacture of  milk, beef, pork, etc., is very high.  It is computed that four-fifths of this  plant food that i_ fed is returned in  the manure.  The  chief difference,  however,  between such crops and grain crops lies  in the condition of the land after harvest.   We' all know how clover, and alfalfa enrich the' soil in nitrogen and  humus, and how the culvitation given  the  corn   saves  moistur ,    and  kills *  weeds.     As  a  matter  of  experience'  grain crop, and corn or roots to a good,  clover or alfalfa crop.   In other words/  corn, clover, and alfalfa prepare the  land for a crop of grain, and are of  the greatest value v/hen grown in rotation with the grain crops.  Finally,-the growing and feeding of  corn, clover and alfalfa make for  economy on farms. T-hcir uso makes  it possible for a distribution of labor  over the whole year instead of over a -  portion of the year, Avith the result  that work is done more efficiently and  at less cost. .Besides, the business  becomes largely a cash business, with  money.coming in at all times of the  year, with the result that the nec-s-  sary buying can be done more cheaply than is; done bn credit.  While, therefore, not discouraging  the production of Avlieat and oats Ave  should-remember that in permanent  agriculture other crops are often-far  more A^alauble, yielding as they do  several profits instead of one.���������Que  bee Journal of Agriculture.," ...    ;  "What!s that piece of cord tied  around your finger for?"  "My wife put it there to remind me  to post a letter."  "And did you post it?"  "No, she forgot to give it to me."  Heavy.sK'haki   Orders  According  to" the  Glasgo\;   Herald,  every khaki  mill  in   Leeds   and: tho  Vest-Riding  generally  is   taxed ��������� to  the utmost 'capacity,  and .'the output  of army clothing has been further accentuated by a large order from the-  Russian government. It is stated that  part of an order for 3,000.000 yards of  cloth for Russia is finding its way. into"  Yorkshire, and .to-tlie 50"firms in and  around   Huddersfield   there   have   to  be added as many around Leeds and  Dewsbury engaged in  making khaki.  Amy���������Jimson    . is   the  champion of '���������he district.  Fanny���������That so?   I-didn't  was a boxer. .  Amy���������He   isn't!     He's a  Life.  ligh'weight  know he  grocer.���������  and 'proven so by thousands upon thousands of tests  the whole world over, is the famous family medicine,���������  Beeeham's Pills. The ailments of the digestive organs  to which all are subject,���������from which come so  rnahy serious  sicknesses, are corrected or prevented by  Try a few doses now, and you will KNOW what it means  to have better digestion, sounder sleep, brighter eyes and  greater cheerfulness after your system has been cleared  of poisonous impurities. For children, parents, grandparents,   Beeeham's  Pills   are matchless   as a remedy  Prepared only by Thomas Beecham, St. Helens, Lancashire, England.  Sold everywhere in Canada and U. S. America.' ' In boxes, 25 cents.',  Tha directions with every box nro rery Vftluabla���������especially to VfCmaa.  "j  H ~.y  m  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  .-'������������������ t "i  REMEMBER I . The ointment  you put on your child's'skin gels  into the system just "as surely as  food the child eats. ��������� Don't let  impure fats and mineral coloring  matter (such as many of the  cheap ointments contain), get  .into your child's blood! Zam-  Buk is purely hcrball' .No poisonous coloring. Use it always.  50c. Box at All Druggists and Stores.  I  'I  find it so hard lo licono-  | mise, but I must do  so for  a  J while;"  !  "Why not do your own  j; washing ? It isn't hard if an  | EDDY Washboard is part of  j your Equipment. " I have a  I "Household Globe," it's a  I Wonder-Worker ��������� Loosens  the Dirt so Easily���������and I never  Tear the Clothes." ,    :  Children Teething  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs. Winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������HOT NARCOTEC  FREE TO ALL ������FE_iEff S  (f roufeel'our orsorts "run down' 'cot chew.UK!>'  SUFFER from KIDNEY. UI.AUDEK. NERVOUS JMSKASES,  CHRONIC WKAXNESS.UJXERS.SKi!; ERUPTIONS, 1'ILIlS.  writa for FREE CLOTH uouNu medical book on  3-eis diseases and woNDlcr.PUr. ciiRKS-effcctcd by  THEWEVYFREWCM REMEDY. N>1No2N.3  TH E R API O N yotrpil^  Iho remedy for YOUR own ailment. Absolutely FREE  No'follotr'up'circulars. No obligations. DR. LKCLKi'.c  M-D.CO.HAVKRSTOCKRD.IlAMPSt-AD'LONnON.EKO  ���������Vt WAKX TO  rROV_THERAPION WILL CUBIC  YOB.  Tumors, Lupus cured without tnifeorf  . pain. All work guaranteed, ffij&gfigp.l  -.���������   .DR. WIUIAMS,' SpcrtaitaV on Oti'cer.  230a University Avo. si. 11.-W.aevtso'.ij, Hiun.  'AiiMi'^titittt u Wrfti tfxn Itumne*  i'.n. 'flio CAna.U ������V,|Ath������r I.*i������ir������nci������ Co.  ^.it.Aititlct) i.'omt/Riiy���������JttcorjwuWd- 1������W)  r.'. .vmr <ir Atiftins ift dm Wirt. Xor  lot. .Prmnye UtnHod, Oept. C> Hfttanwad.  JU.-sfc. Mooao Jn^." Fc-.- MarrfCot* 'Artft-J*.  cta������..M>tIy rnok a. TMkt/j Bv<_tr.������  Chalmers' four cylinder, self-starter, electric lights, tire inflater, electric horn, seat covers, speedometer,  -lock, extra tire and two extra rims,  llodern in every respect and in good  sunning order.  Write A.B.C.,  c|o  10RON.O TYPE FOUNDRY CO., LIMITED  Winnipeg,       -       Man.  German's Rash Challenge  "One day," writes a soldier from  the front, "a German called over to  >i,ur trenches that he was willing to  light single- handed any man who  ���������cared to come, except an Irishman.  3Iis challenge was accepted by a (lor-  .on Highlander, and the two'men  met in front of the  :jood. set-to with the  '.Uerman   was   killed  aght."  trenches for a  bayonet. The  after     a   hard  Minard's  ?algia.  Liniment   Relieves   Neu-  Are'n't you afraid to sit down so  dose to me, grandpa?  Afraid, my dear.   Why?  'Co's all my dolls have got tlie  aaeasles.  Newedd���������They say that flour will  .go up two or three dollars a barrel.  Mrs. Newedd���������Thank goodness,  tear", we get ours by the hag.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo-  cure to Sun, Dusland Wind  *__*"_"* ^I-'^'y relieved by Murine  ** -^ ^>'e Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. A*  Tour Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine ������ya  .illveinTubes25c. ForBookoflhcEyeFrccask  druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago  W. N. U. 1046.  Boy and Girl Farmers  Illinois and Iowa Children, Corn Growers  and   Hog   Raisers,   Depart-  . ment of Agriculture's  Guests  The department of agriculture acted as host to the farm boys and girls  of Illinois and Iowa who have; established records" in competition as corn  growers and hog raisers during the  last. year.       '   - ' "^  ��������� Clement. Miller of Fairfield, 'la., is  one of tho leading pork raisers in the  country. He raised ten pigs with a  net' profit of $48 at the time the contest closed.  The Illinoisans visit Washington as  the'guests of Congressman-elect" William B. McKinloy of Champaign. They  include Myron ' Cuskuaen, Albert  Feiliteck, .Roy James, Clarence Frye,  Dewey Morris, Orville Sample}', Eldo  Mire and Jacob Looniis.  _Thc Iowa delegation consists of  Miss "[Catherine It. Logan, in charge;  D.,,1. Mack, .Clement L. Miller, Ray  P. Shihvell, Eloise Parsons, Ruth  Fleck, M. F. Miller, Earle Zcller, and  V. .Crowoll.���������Minneapolis   Tribune.  eiiet  nn.  S  hers  MRS.     W.  DODD'S  J. MALONEY  KIDNEY PILIS  BACKACHE  TOOK  FOR  'She Had Tried Numerous otaer Medicines,   But   Found   No   Reli3f Till  She Used the Great Canadian    -  Kidney    Remedy,   Dodd's  Kidney  Pills  Barachois  West,    Gaspo  Co,   Que.  ��������� (Special)���������Mrs.    W. J. Maloney, a  well known resident of this place, is  recommending Dodd's Kidney Pills to  those     who      suffer    from    Kidney  troubles. Tn an interview Mrs. Maloney says:  "After suffering for many years  with backache, and trying many remedies without obtaining relief I read  about Dodd's- Kidney Pills and decided to try them.  "After using two boxes I was greatly benefitted, and recommend them  to other sufferers. I also used them  for ��������� my little girl for Kidney  toubles."  Mrs. Maloney got .relief from her  backache because Dodd's Kidney  Pills cured her Kidney trouble, and  that was the cause of her backache.  Dodd's Kidney Pills cure diseased  Kidneys. Cured Kidneys do their work  and strain all the impurities out of  the blood. That's why Dodd's Kidney  Pills cure so many diseases that are  caused, by impure  blood.  The United States of Europe  Victor Hugo's Dream of the Republic  of France and Germany  ."Then France .will' suddenly arouse  herself. She will become formidable.  She will regain Alsace and Lorraine.  Is it enough? No! No! . She will  capture���������listen���������Treves, Mainz, Cologne, Coblenz. And you shall hear  France cry: 'The clock strikes my  hour! Germany, hear me! Am I  thine enemy? ��������� No, I am thy sister! [  have- taken all from thee. I return  all to thee upon one condition: that  we shall no longer be a divided people; that we shall be one unite'd family, one republic. I will dcmolisn  my fortresses, thou thine���������my vendetta is brotherhood. No more, frontier. ' The Rhine, piino and thine. We  shall be the same republic. We shall  be the United Stales of Europe, v/o  shall be tho Continental federation,  we shall be the liberty of Europe. And  now lot us clasp hands, for we have  rendered each a.reciprocated service.  Thou hast freed mo from my Emperor. I will free thee from thine.' "  ���������Victor Hugo.  his  de-  Visitor (at seance)���������! want to talk  with Mr. Brown.  Attendant���������What Mr. Brown?  Visitor���������I   cannot    remember  first name, but he is only lately  ceased.  i Attendant (formerly a department  store worker)���������Please show the gentleman some of the latest shades of  Erowns.  The Dying- Opium Trade  Loans to Farmers In U.S.  A correspondent wants to know  what rate of interert farmers have to  pay for loans in the Northwestern  States. A number of banks in the  Northwestern .States loan, money on  cattle and take a . cattle mortgage  as . a security. The rate which the  farmers have to pay ���������varies from S to  10 per cent.' That is, when the credit  of the farmer is good. Usually ho extra charge is made for filing the mortgage with the register of deeds which  is a slight one varying from 10 to 25  cents in the different states, but the  usual rate for money for loans upon  cattle under cattle mortgage ssclirity  is as stated.���������Financial Post. /  THE STANDARD ARTICLE  SOLD EVERYWHERE  ._ REFUSE, SUBSTITUTES  l_s^--3^-^fetaa^^^___v____  Won Fame on its Merits.���������The unbounded popularity that Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil enjoys is. not attributable to any elaborate advertising for  it has not been so advertised, but is  entirely due to tne merits of this Oil  as a medicine. Iu eevry city, town  and hamlet in the country it is sought  after solely because of its good qualities. ���������<���������������������������.  Comrade  Wilhelm  The Daily Mail quotes the Hamburger Naehrickten as saying when  the kaiser was on the western front  he dropped his handkerchief and an  infantryman picked it up.  The kaiser gave him some cigarettes and the man said:  "Thank you, your majesty." Thereupon, the kaiser said: "Oh-, you need  not call me your majesty here. You  can simply address .me as comrade.  Another infantryman heard this and  promptly called: "Comrade Wilhelm,  suppose' you give me sonic as well."  The kaiser laughed and handed  over the restof his cigarettes.  A Big Part of War  'Not all of war is action on the  battlefield. In the economic field also  much damage can be dor oy one  belligerent to another. To paralyze industry is sometimes mor3 effective  than to ��������� slay many of the enemy's  forces.  Soon after the beginning of the  war in luurope, the Germans complained bitterly of England's action in  cutting her off from cable cpmmuni-  c; ion with almost the whole world.  Britain controls nearly every cable  station in the world. In an effort to  suppress German commerce by depriving it of raw material, the list of  contraband was extended to include  many articles used in peace as well as  in war. Severe measures have been  taken to prevent use of "British capital in financing operations which  might aid Germany .���������Southern Lumberman.        __ .  Many Dealers Are Arranging to go Out  of  Business  Entirely  The opium trade in Hong Kong in  1914 was characterized by the complete cessation of imports for the  trade generally and a combination ofH  the dealers in opium to force up the  price of the drug and get rid of their  -present holdings at figures which  mean large profits. The close of the  year found on hand in Hong Kong and  Shanghai a total of about 7,800 chests  as compared .with 14,375 chests at the  close of the year previous ��������� and upward of 30,000 chests at the close of  1912".  Stocks of Persian and Turkish  opium wore reduced during 1911 from  629 to 121 chests. Most of the dealers in opium in Hong Kong have arranged to quit the business entirely,  but there is more or less business .in  the drug among Chinese firms, which  will   doubtless : continue : indefinitely.  ,. In the Ananias Clasa  In these more or less modern times  man has got to be a fairly successful  Minard's  where.  Liniment  for   sale   every-  Cereal Crops on Experimental Farms  Cereal production has occupied an  important position in the work of the  experimental farms since their iucep.-  tion some twenty-eight years ago. By  selection, the _est~varieti.es of grains  for Canadian conditions have been  brought to light and by breeding many  important sorts have been produced.  Pioneer wheat, .a new early sort possessing many merits gives' promise.of  filling an important place in northern  sections. The results in 191-1 with this  and other sorts of wheat, as well as  oats and barley at the Central Farm  and sixteen branch farms and stations and two sub-stations are presented in Bulletin No. 81 of tne Experimental Farm series. - This seasonable  pamphlet is available at the Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  liar���������  To   keep  friends.  To  sell mining  To   he ,a   "good  To  To  race.  from     offending     one's  stocks.  conversationalist."  keep peace in the family.  . belong  to  the  merely    human  Worms cause fretfulness and rob  the infant of sleep, the'great nourish-  er. Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator will clear the stomach and intestines and restore healthfulness.  At a political meeting a very enthusiastic German made a speech  beginning like this:  "My dear fellow citizens and fellow  Germans, I don't want to say nod-  dings about nobody, but look at detn  Irish, in de Tenth Varcl; vot have dey  got? Paved street! And vot haf we  got?   Mut!    Mut!  "Now, my fellow citizens and fellow Ghermans, vot I vish to say is  dis. Coom, let us put our heads to-  gedder und make a block pavement."  ore  Absolutely  Painless.  No cutting, no plasters or pads to press  the sore spot. Putnam's Extrnctor  makes the corn go without pain. Takes  out the sting overnight. Never fails���������  leaves no scar. Got a 25c. bottle of  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  Of Course  She- Did  "What kind  of ...  letter  did  your  husband write when he was away?"  "He started, 'My precious treasure,'  and ended by sending 'love.'"  - "How did you answer?"  "I started with '_._y precious Treasurer,' and ended with 'Send m'e $50.'"  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  tj loc-l cpptlcnlonii. ���������i titr-- c-imot reach tbs dkv.  galad porllcn of Ihe ear. Tnero l.i only one wtj to  cure d<utn_-, and'that b by constUullonnl rtmedloe.  _>e-t.i_~ 1* c&iumU b- an lu.lamoil condition of lb*  mucous Holes of the Euotachan Tube. When tbu  tubs la InB.imal you have a rumbling'sound or imperfect hearlnr, _nd wKen It Is enU/siy cloecd, Dent-  aem 13 tbe recu'.t. find unlc&i tin Infl/irunir.tioa caa be  !_-0- out and ttiii tuba restored lo Its tionnnl coudl.  tlon, hoarlne fill be destroyed ferovcr; nine otuevt  cat ol ten Are caused by Catsrrb, wblcb !������ nothing  but an Inflsmwl condition nf the mucoiu eurfacei.  We will give One Hundrad Uo!laM for any case of  Deafness (ca_?������d by catarrh) that cannot be oured  ������y Hall'3 Cttairh Cure,   Bend for clrcid^rs. free.  F. J. CHENEY i CO,.' Tolcdft Q.  Bold by DnjitjIoU. 7lc.  Yoke EiU's Tamil? puis for eoiutlpailoi-  Zoo  was.  In  Society's  The   returned   hero  with open arms.  Society  flocked  to  him  and droves and i..obs.  They made* a lion of him.  And he?  He made a monkey of himself.  received  in  swarms  Minard's  Etc.  Liniment    Cures    Burns  Judge���������What was the cause of the  rumpus?  . Policeman���������Well, you see, judge,  this man here and that woman there  are   married���������  Judge���������Yes, yes, I know; but what  was the other cause?  Children Showed It  Effect   of  Their  Warm   Drink   in  the  Morning  "A year ago I was a wreck from  coffee drinking and was on the point  of giving up my position in the school  room  because   of  nervousness.  (Tea is just as injurious as coffee  because it, too. contains the health-  destroying drug, caffeine).  "t was telling a friend ahout it and  sho said, "We drink nothing at meal  time but Postum and it is such a comfort to have aoinetuing we can enjoy  driirkiiig with tho children.'  "1 was astonished that she would  allow the children to drink any kind  of coffee, but she said Postum was  not coffee, but a most healthful drink  for children as well as for older ones,  and that tho condition of both the  children aud adults showed that to be  a fact.  "I was in despair and determined to  give Postum a trial, following the directions carefully. It was a decided  success and T was completely wen by  Its rich  delic'ous  flavor.  "In a short time I noticed a decided  improvement in uiy condition and  kept growing belter month after  month, until now I am healthy, and  do my work in thd school room with  ease aud pleasure. I would not return  to nerve-destroying coffee for any  money."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont. Head, "The Road  to   Wellville,";. in  pkgs.  Posturn comes in two forms:  Regular Postum���������must be well boiled.   :15c: and.25c packages.  Instant Postum���������Is a soluble powder. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly  in a cup of hot water and, with cream  and sugar, makes a delicious beverage  instantly. !J0c and 50c tins.  Both kinds are equally delicious  and cost per cup about tho same.  "There's a Reason" for Postum.  ���������sold by Grocers.  Teething  Time Troubles  Baby's teething time is a period of  anxiety for mothers unless baby's  stomach is kept sweet and his bowels  regular. No other medicine has been  found so valuable during teething  time as has Baby'j Own Tablets.  They-make teething-painless and by  their use baby gets his teeth so easily that the mother scarcely knows  they are coming. Concerning the Tablets, Mrs. F. Goldsmith, Nelson, B.C..  writes: "Baby's Own Tablets are a  mother's greatest help during the  teething period." The Tablets are sold  by medicine dealers or Nby mail at.  25 cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine  Co.,  Brcckville,   Ont.  Pays 6 Per Cent, on $450 Land  Alfalfa not .only produces more than  double the average amo'int per acre  of other forage crops, but also has  twice the feeding value of timothy  hay. Good alfalfa hay contains one-  third more digestible protein, or  muscle building elements than an  equal weight of corn and. in addition,  a fair amount of fat and heat producing material. Every hog raiser should  have a rack well filled with alfalfa  hay for his iiogs during tho winter  months. It is equally as good for  other stock, being especially valuable  as a milk producer. It will pay every  farmer to begin now to make plans  for the sowing of alfalfa next year.  Mr. T. G. Tasker brought in some  fine alfalfa plants which were taken  from a field cf eight acres sown Aug.  29th. Mr. Tasker tells us he has a  fine stand and the field will average  eight inches in height, a good growth  for 53 days from the seed. The average production of alfalfa in Iowa this  year at ?!).80 per ton will pay C per  cent, on ?-150 land.���������Bulletin of Nlles  and Walters Savings Bank, Anamosa,  la.  The Best Liver Oil.���������The action of  the liver is easily disarranged. A sudden chill, undue exposure to tho elements, over-indulgence in some favor,  ite food, excess in drinking, are a few  of the cause's. But whatever may bs  the cause, Parmelee's Vegetable 1*11 Is  can be relied upon as the best corrective that can be taken. They are^the  leading liver pills and they have' no  superiors among such preparations.  A daily paper of L'O pages with a  circulation of 100,000 uses each day  the product of about six and one-half  acres of forest.  An Ounce of Prevention  is worth a pound  of cure when it  comes to looking  after harness."  HARNESS  OIL'  Keeps leather soft and  prevents cracking and  the possibility of accident due to dried out  traces, etc.  Dealers Everywhere  Tie  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  /Mac/e  anac/a  D buck to wort ovwih tier t Ii  up.   Over i!ij yu_r.i ol' mcccss  ��������� IheniL'ritoi  LAME HORSES POT BACK  TO WORK QUICK  7"RY Kendall's Spavin Curo. It hnasavea'  a Rreat iwmy liorso������ -Iwh.  put them  liudlH.'fiigiven  Spavin Cure  It !���������> tho old f?llab!n rerncly for splint,  spnvfn, curl),  ringbone,  thoropln,  bony|j  growth:;, sivcIHiikh. .spniius mitt lamcnus.s������  from iniiny dlllu.-iMit Ciuwcs.  11_ cost is no small a mailer, comp.'ireti  to (he vahio or a liorso that j-ou cannot  ajfonl to he without it.  ?olJ by driijrfriit'i everywhere. $t,oo a  bntlle, fi buttles tor S.i."0; Oct a copy of "A  Treatise on the llorie" from your dmceist  or write  Dr. B.J. Kendall Company,  Enosburq Falla,        106        Vermont THE   SUN,    JRAND   FOKKS,  .B.'G.  G. A. Evans,. Editor and Publisher  5UtF (ItfHtt&SteJtH iiuttt ��������� Tighi or wrong'an?never sees any'  k thing good in men "outside "the ranks  of that  part}'  not mean that you must dally with"  everybody..  It   means   to   express  your honest convictions.    This   is  probably the .reason -why  the.' independent newspaper is so odious.  aUBSOKlFTtON HAIK8 S _,_*''  One -ear $1.50  One -ear (In advance)  1.00  One Year, in United States  1.60  Address all communications to    ,  Thb Gkand Porks Sun,  Phonk 1174 Gkand Fohks. B.O  edding  Presents  Independence  does       -r    .        ,   . . ,  - Let us help you pick that  FRIDAY, MAY H,   1915-  The verdict of the civilized" world  regarding the sinking of the British  steamer Lusitanla by a Germania submarine is willful murder, and no German sophistry will change this verdict. The act will haston Germany's  ('com.  Some newspaper men' are' adepts  it, versatility.- I once knew'an.edi-  tor in Grand Forkjrw'ho fo'r'a whole  year -succeeded in making the saloon men believe that Lo was in  favor of the liquor traffic. The  church adherents were equally certain that he was an apostle of temperance. There are a great many  editors in British Columbia who are  today playing the same game with  the Liberal and Conservatives  parties.  Present you are going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  A. D, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS,'B.C.  Canada appears to have been freed  from an impending federal election,  the indications being that the protests^ j notice tha(. King Gpnrge hfl_  of the people against embroiling the an'nQUnced that) witQ the exception  country  in   political   strife   have had ' of flying of ^ f]y doe��������� _ol deglr_  the desired effect on Sir  Robert   Bor- to have his birthday  celebrated this  den and  his   colleagues      While    the vear.    In  ������������������{_���������,   of   lhi_  announce  people breathe   easier regarding   Do- ment) private citizens in'all parts of  minion   poht.es,   British    Columbians the empire  shou|d   refrajn f_om |n  still hvom a state of   uncertainty   as du,ging   in   t__   mu(Jn   hi|arhy   ()i)  to    the  intentions of the provincial  The electors are entitled to an official announcement  from Victoria.  government  their annual anniversaries.  An American touri9.t drove into  Cascade yesterday in his motor car.  In'crossihg the line be and the customs official became engaged in a  discussion on the war situation, during kicked out owing to wholesale |n?11.which he made ^e following   *4.:������������������.\-���������  ..--_ ...*,. ., brilliant assertion: l,Iam an American.    I   am neutral���������absolutely.    I  because I have never had the power  to abolish it.   When it is held under  ordinary  conditions   it   can   be .en  dured, and most people do endure it  rather   than   to   pose   as   niornliHts  mid   reformers;   but    vvh^n    people  persist in c-ipering nimbly to the lascivious   pleasings of a lute at a time  when the casualty lists in   the   great  war include men from our owu city,  ihe act becomes .'decidedly offensive,  and it grates   harshly   on   sensitive  nerves.  TO, ARRIVE'i"fo^wo:  CAR OF SEED GRAIN  Seed Potatoes���������Early Kose; Early  Six  Weeks,  Carmen   No. ,-i, and'  American Wonder. Field and "Crar- "���������  den Seocls of all kinds' oh. hand at right prices  TERMS  CASH  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P, 0. BOX 610  After fourteen years, Manitoba has  a Liberal government. - The Roblin'  administration, to save itself from be-  grafting'in connection with   the  new  parliament buildings, resigned in a  bidy this weak. The Roblin goveri:-  mmt was bad, but the MeBride gov "  ern nent is not any batter, and thoss  who can read the handwriting on the  will can easily foretell the politica  future of this province.  don't  give  Germans."  a   damn   who   licks the  SUNRISE SIGNALS  By- *3fe _7VIinute-(_7Wan  Most people seem to think that an  independent newspaper should treat  all political parties' with  equal consideration.     I  have never accepted  this   interpretation  of   independent  journalism.    Were this idea to  prevail, thfi independent press would be  perfectly useless.    The independent  paper   denounces    graft    wherever  found   and   supports   the   men best  fi'.ted for office, no matter to   which  party they belong, while an';"organ"  The   Minute Man   has this   week  been urged  by   several   deputations  I have never placed   much  reliance  in the story tuld of the old Hcetch lady  who" was so certain of the " inftilibility*  of her only son, whojiappened   to   be"  a recruit, that.she maintained theen-  tire regiment was oot 6' step   because  he.hadnobyet    learned" to. keep the  proper pace.     This story   has always  been regarded by me as merely a sam- |  pie of that .dry'and unconscious humo.r  for which the Scotch people are   famous; ��������� I have recently, change my opinion   on   this  subject, and now believe  the incident to be an   Historical   ftict.-  There is. a . man Jn% G.rend Forks, who  palpably   wrong   on   a very trivia  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail   at  the  front and to insure'  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  odice department requests   thut   all  mail be addressed as  follows:  Rank '..  Name ,,;  . Regimental number   Company,squadron or other unit..  Battalion    Brigade   ' First   (or second)  Canadian   con  ting^nt....' ;   ���������   British expeditionary force   .  Army Post Oflicp.    " -  London, England.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs-' and Good  -Horses at All Hours  at  the  odel Livery Barn  Burns S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  To believe a task is impossible is b  make it m>.  is  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It in  creases day by day'and year,, by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power.''  The Sun only costs SI a year.    It  prints all the news.  Grand   Forts Transfer  PHONE 129  Sole Agents for  of  Teaming-  Bus and Baggage  All  Kinds.  at All  of citizens to put a stop to the reck-  matter.     Hnudredsof men have tried  !___?(_>     Or\^OflLmrr     l'������f]lil..-^l     ^        _._... - .1 .        .   1- _ I . I     ��������� I     ���������  I have never been infatuated with  the public   dance  as a moral or a.n  educational institution.   I have per  champions  its  party  whether  it is | united it to ex;st, however��������� possibly  less speedsng indulged in inside the  city limits by owners of- motor ears  After duly considering  the   request,  I   have   decided    not   to   take any  drastic measures in tbe matter, but,  as they say   in   the city council, to  refer tbe whole question to the police  commissioners and the chief of  police.    I deem   this the wiser course,  because   I   am   gradually  weaning  myself of the attempt to readjust the  wrongs of others owing  to  the  fact  that my owu S.O.S signals are  usually disregarded.  to make him see his error, to no avail.  I doubt if Kitchener's whole army  could induce him to chauge his mind.  And the saddest part of the case is  that he will die wrong, believing himself right.  White Wyandottes  at Lay and Win  Trains.  Mc-ntyre.S  Mclnnis, Proprietors,  Miss Edna Traunweiser has returned from a month's visit with rela  tives in Calgary.  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  When a wise chap   sees   an , oppor  tunity he seizes it  IKS FEED& PRODUl  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Planter  Seed Grain  and Garden Seed  Bridge Street Grand VF_s, B. C,  .Being fond of cocktails is a feather  in no man's cap. :  Many a man has taken a   hand   in  politics and then put-his foot-in it.  . I won   tit   fall show 1st  and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made four  antries  and won ��������� 2nd   cock",  1st cockerel,  1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are 82.'00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15.  Wnite Orpingtons  I won at the. winter show, making five entries, -2nd cock; 1st,  2nd . and .'3rd hen,- 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated  up   at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  Eg_s $1.00 for 12.  seOo  m  assie  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description   .  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. G.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND EQRKS,  B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention  The Sun is. the largest and .best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  hfis been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits iisn  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  mers and r rospectors  When doing that work in Franklin and  Gloucester  Camps this season, Get Your Supp,ies at ^  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise,  Groceries,   Boots,   Shoes and  Dry   Goods  Hardware.   Prices very reasonable.    Quotations  on  request.  THOMAS FDNKLEI, Prop.  The weekly miirkel will be held  on Second street,. between Bridge  street, and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  NOTICE  NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to tho Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  . Grand Forks at a special sitting, to be  held in the city hall, First street, on  May ,19th, 1915, for a transfer of  the wholesale and bottle liquor licenses  now held by me in respect of the  Grand Forks Liquor fatore, situate on  Lot No. o, in Block 11, Plan 28, in  the City of Grand Forks, tn Gustavus  A. Griffin, of   tlie  City of Kamloops,  B. C,  Dated the lGth dav of April, |A.D.  1015..  WJI, J. PENROSE.  HANSEN & CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  R  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Telephonks; "-  oificb, r<>6 Ffret Sfppot  Hansen's Residence.R38 ������"������! ������JU-BJ  Yale  Barber  Shop  Knzor Honing a Specialty. " '  P. A.  Z; PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  . F. ROBINSOI  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIEJS STORE  PIMNF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  nartinilullen  All Kinds of Draying  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  THE  LONDON DIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS ������fc DEALERS  in each class of coods. Besides being a complete .commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods thoy ship, nnd the Ooloiiiu)  arid I'oruign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sulllngs;   .  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of loading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of tho United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E,C.  Pays'for The  Sim for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary country  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand  Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news   of the  city and district first. ���������>��������� iinm, I >���������������*���������<_>->**> H  THE   SUN,   GEAND   FORKS,    JB. C.  II.'  The following is the platform of the  Liberal party   of   British   Columbia,  ��������������������������� which principles we   pledge   ourselves  to. bring into  operation   when elected  to power:  1.���������Free Lands for ' Settlers���������  None for Speculators, (a) We believe that agricultural land should be  disposed of only on such conditions as  will insure its continuous use and occupation.  (b) We will utilize as far as ract-  cablo the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  the agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary.  (c) Free homesteads co actual' settlers. Holders of pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision. .-  (d) Advances to' settlers ' on . easy  terms to assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all .ccessible agricultural lands to be rapidly, completed  and survey sheets and all necessary  information to be made easily available to the public.    '"��������� - .-  (f)'Settleineni en block ..to be dis.  couraged by the removal -of, reserves  which scatter population'., and-greatly  increase the cost of roads,-"schools and  other nocessary facilities.  (g) No public.lands'for the specu  lator. -.   ��������� \:- , '       -   --���������  2-���������Transportation *" (a) Co opera-  ti >n with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection between  the railway systems vof Vancouver  island and the" rail way systems of the  mainland.  (b) The construction of a line owner!  and controlled.by the government to  give direct communication by the best  route as to grades and distances be  tween the Similkameen and other  interior points and the coast.  (c).The husbanding of the provin  cial credit to assist lines that.will open  up new territory.  ,. (d) We oppose prouincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.  (e) Abolition" of the-system of giv  frig away crown lands   for   townsites,  iree  of   taxation   and   under railway  controL  (f) All franoises for the construction, operation, and ownership or leasing of government aided roads to be  open to public'competition.  '. (g) The province to co-operate with  the^Dominion 'in aiding highway con  struction.  '  (h) The prevention of over-capitalization of railways.  ��������� .(i) Aid to railways not to. exceed  what is reasonably.necessary to secure  construction. "���������  (j) Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls-, of .all government-aided roads to be under the  jurisdiction of the Dominion railway  commission.  ��������� (k) With a view to meeting the  deaiand'for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control the railways, and not the railways the people.  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  ment   before   alienation, and the disposal of all such lands by public competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant  (e) Stability of tenure,_ crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods.-.    --  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal; (a) Coal' lands not to' be  alienated, but leased,under .conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature. ��������� . T  '. ���������      .f.  (b). "Wherever-practicable and ne'e-,  essary/governrrieht operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to the protection of the consuming public.  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory board in educational matters, such as exists in all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is- so overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch, impossible.  (c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an efficient i system of technical  schools "~~  - (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of. redistribution  (b) We  are  pledged   as a party to  equal  suffrage  Argument  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  &  Phone R 74.  provide   for   the  women with men.  7���������Taxation, (a) Exemption of  improvements on ;all lands paying  taxes- to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment^ the system  of taxation whereby the.province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) Immediate reform of the present costly, cumbersome and inequitable system of collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workmen's Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ^b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all indusfrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  (d) Tho establishment by* the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics. This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving em  ployers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of-the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  ��������� (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly./-  (g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day and six day week on all  public and government-aided work.  9���������Oriental Immigration (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts.  10���������Extension of Municipal Powers (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11���������Public Ownership op Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utili  ties, the limitation of terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if in the public interest on  equitable terms.  .12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts. We insist  on providing for. an absolutely independent public auditor general, appointed and" controlled absolutely by  legislature.  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore the ; fishing industry to white fishermen.  (b) The protection of   British  Col  umbia fisheries from foreign   poachers  by   adequate   policing   of   Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply.- The retention of all timber  lands on vvatershrds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalitiec, and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  16���������Tobrems System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non-Partisan Civil Service.  The organizafion of the civil service  commission for both inside and out  side service, so that ihe appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  of. |F=  POINTtD PARAGRAPHS  e Sun Print Shop  When a man gets fresh   he's  spoiling for a fight.  Better an ounce of did than a pound  of going to do.  Experience sells at par or higher,  yet rarely pays dividends.  Absence makes a man's heart' grow  fonder���������of his wife's folks.  Some people are too dull to cut  even an undesirable acquaintance.  There's a turning point in v.vevy  man's career���������even if he isn't a crank.  Alas for the man who will never be  useful except to give the undertaker  a job.  More   Victories   Are  i  Won by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  c^Apply    thiF  to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to .  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  F  Th,  orks o\m JTHB   SUN. -GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  PAIS QUIT! BACK-SORENESS GOES!  TORTUROUS LUfflBAGOCURED BY "NERVILINE'  This   Wonderful   Curative  Liniment Has  Almost  Magical Powers  You can compare a congestive pain  to a little lire. When congestion  smoulders, pain comes and goes. Congestion grows Into inflammation, "but  pain, now intense, grows excruciating,  and stays, too. 'mere is an absolute  antidote of pain���������it is Nerviline.  N'cw to you, perhaps", is Nerviline,  tout known well in many lands as-tlie  most penetrating and pain-subduing  pain remedy ever discovered. Not oily  or ill-smelling, but pleasant���������it rubs  on. Not temporary action, but perman  ent in its control of pain.  Not an ache or a pain anywhere  that it cannot reach. No soreness or  strain that it has not the power to relieve.  Nerviline is the only remedy in.tlis  world sold under guarantee���������if it  does not relieve you, you get your  money back. Proof enough that Nerviline is a.remedy that will fulfill absolutely every requirement ot a pain-  reliever, both for internal and external use.  Backache it cures like magic. For  rheumatism, sciatica, lumbago, neuralgia, stiffness,' sprains or strains, it  is  the only  thing.    Large  bottle,  50  trial  size,  25  cents;   at drug-  Co.,  cents,  gists,'  or   The     Catarrhozone  Kingston, Canada.  Capable  of  Magnanimity  There-lias   never   been   any   veal  ground  for Ine, fallacy so  commonly  accepted by even intelligent Germans  that England snapped at an opportun-  . ity of crippling an industrial and commercial rival. Wo hope and trust  that in the final settlement England  will convince all Germans 'that..she  liad no such ulterior and unworthy  aim. England is wholly capable of  altruism "and of magnanimity, despite  all the Hymns of Halo tha't can be  written now and the close of the war.  ,���������Brooklyn Eagle.   .  Wipe Out London  German's  to  ge  This    Letter    Brings    a   Message   of  Cheer to the Aged���������Results of  Using ,Dr. Chase's Nerve  Food  Now,  rich  blood  is  what  is  most  needed in the declining years to keep  up  energy    and    vitality.    That Dr.  Chase's  Nerve  Food is  a  wonderful  help in maintaining good health and  prolonging life is attested by the writer of this letter.  Mr. Stephen J. Leard, North Tryon, I should  P.E.I., writes: "At seventy-five years  of age my heart gave out and became  very irregular and weak in action aud  would palpitate. My nerves also became weak and I could do nothing  but lie in bed in a languishing condition, losing strength and weight. In  that condition I began using Dr.  Chase's Nerve Food, and am cured.  Had I not obtained this treatment I  would now be in the box with the root'  over my nose. At eighty-one I have  an energy which means go, and I am  wrting this letter so that old people  like myself may prolong their health  and strength by using I his great medicine." 50c a box, C for $2.50. For  sale by all dealers.  'Humanq"   Suggestions  End the-War  "If we could discover a  means 'of  annihilating  London   in   its   entirety,  that   would ' be   mere   humane   than  to allow a single German to bleed on  the field "of battle, since such annihilation would lead''to.a prompt peace."  This  is one  possible solution  of the  .war difficulty put fovwaz:d by Deputy  Erzbergor, one of the leaders o-N the  Reichstag Centre, in an article winch;  says a French communique, appeared  in the "Tag," of Berlin.  '���������'Since we are under sea masters,  even if hot- masters above the  waves," continues the writor. Let us  boldly assert our superiority. Let our  Zeppelins and our -.'.croplancs, acting  in concert with our submarines, strike  our perfiidious foe without respite.  Britain has taken from ' us ��������� about  four hundred merchant ships. Our reply must be this: For every stolen  ship a British town or village will be  destroyed. Let us sow with the aid  of our dirigibles terror and death in  tlie hearts of the British people. All  means must be good for us. Even if  we possessed the secret of shedding  fire rain on tho British soil, why  we not make use of it?"  Denmark's Awakening1  Increasing Wealth Through the Scientific Development of Farming  Industry (  We all know tho story of Denmark's wonderful agricultural awakening, and its direct conseciuences.  Fifty years ago that small kingdom  was one of the poorest and least progressive States in Europe. In natural  conditions it closely resembles Nova  Scotia, of which it is only about two-1  thirds the size. Denmark is now  maintaining a thriving population five  times greater than that of this-province; and is yearly increasing in  ..wealth and contentment, largely  through the scientific development of  its farming industry. Besides supplying most of its own food,- it exports  annually upwards of 100 million dollars' worth of dairy produce and pork.  ���������Halifax. Chronicle.  The disc-tire germs that causo Distemper, Pinkeye, Epizootic, influenza, Catarrhal Fever, aro so easily destroyed  and expelled from tho system by using "SPOHN'S." This  remedy ;ilso multiplies and strengthens tho health germs in  the system find fori Hies tho horse, mare or colt against  ��������� any contagious diseases, "SPOHN'S" is always safe and  ready, and juwp.i' frills to do its intended work. 50 cents a  bottle, all druggists and turf goods houses, or delivered by  maniifaoturei'M. SPOHN  MEDICAL CO.,  Chemists  and   Bacteriologists,   Goshen,  Mid.,   U.S.A.  WHO WILL PAY OFF THAT MORTGAGE  Should You Die Suddenly? ":  Keep the Roof over the Children's Head by a Policy in  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE  INSURANCE CO.  .OFFICES:    Winnipeg, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver,  Calgary,    Reglna.      Agenis    Wanted.  ow  sin  She���������Do you think it possible for  a man to love two women at once?  He���������Yes, tAventy at once, if they  were all like you.  Good-bye to Asthma.���������Persons suffering from that extremely trying  trouble known as asthma know what  it is to long with all their hearts  for escape as from a tyrant. Never do  they know when-an attack may come  and they know tha'; to struggle unaided is vain. With Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Remedy at hand, however,  they can say good-bye to their enemy  and enjoy lifc'again. It helps at once.  View   of   Rockies  Doesn't it really seem that it gets  more and more difficult to make a  living?  Well, at any rate, it does to live  on what one makes.  Panoramjc  . Speaking of panoramic views, the  Canadian Pacific itself has just produced something out of the ordinary  in this respect. Tho official photographer of the railway, Mr. J. C. S.  Bennett, has made a print 22 feet long  on one piece of paper, representing a  panoramic view from Burgess Pass, a  panoramic view from Burgess Pass, in  the Canadian Rockies. This -photograph, the largest ever made in Canada, which will be hung in the rotunda of tlie Windsor Hotel, at Montreal, shows Mount Field (8.615 feet),  Mount Dennis (8,326 feet), Mount  Goodsir, the Van I-iorne range, Mount  Burgess (8.4G3 feet), Mount Emerald  (8,332 feet), Mount Wavta (9,990  feet), and Mount Vice-President (10,-  049 feet), and embraces a hundred  miles of snow clad peaks and glaciers  with the hotel at Field shown an the  valley at the left, and to the right a  glimpse of the Yolio Valley.  By Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege>  table Compound���������Their  Own Stories HereToId.  Edmonton, Alberta, Can. ��������� " I think  It is no more than right for me to thank  you for what your kind advice and Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound hava  done for mc.  ' 'When I wrote to you some time ago I  was a very sick woman suffering from  female troubles. I had organic inflammation and could not stand or walk any  distance. At last I was confined to my  bed, and the doctor said I Would have  to go through an operation, but tins I  refused to do. A friend advised Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound, and  now, after using three bottles of it, I  feci like a new woman. I most heartily  recommend your medicine to all women  whosufferwitli female troubles. I have  also taken Lydia E. Pinkham's Liver  Pills, and think they aro fine. I will  never be without tho medicine in the  house."���������Mrs. Frank Emsley, 903 Columbia Avenue, Edmonton, Alberta.  The Other Case.  f Beatrice, Nob.���������"Just after my marriage my left side began to pain me and  the pain got so severe at times that I  suffered terribly with it I visited three  doctors and each one wanted to operate  ���������on me but I would not consent to an operation. I heard of tho good Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound was  doing for others and I used several bottles of it with the result that I haven't  ibeen bothered with my side since then.  I am in good health and I have two little  girls.''���������Mr;-).'������. B. CHILD, Beatrice,Neb.  w   N. U. 104S  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  ' Have   used   MINARD'S   LINIMENT  for   Croup;   found   nothing   equal   to  it; sure cure. ~  CHAS.   E.   SHARP.  Hawkshaw, N.B.,  Sept., 1st, 1905.  The Disease is Always Rooted in the Blood, Which  Must Be Made Bich  and Pure  There are still many people who imagine  that rheumatism can be cured  by liniments and rubbing, overlooking  tho,medical  fact that  the trouble is  rooted in tho blood. Rheumatism can  only be cured by cleansing aud enriching the blood, thus driving out of the  system the    poisonous    acids  which  cause tho rheumatic pain..   Dr. Williams'  Pink  Pills  cure  the most  obstinate cases of rheumatism because  they go-straight*to    the root of tlie  trouble in the blood. Every dose helps  t"> make rich, red blood, and'this new  blood   expells   tho     poisonous     acid,  bringing    health and comfort  to the  tortured victim.    Do not waste time  and money in liniments and outward  applications.   Give Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills a fair trial and thus drive the  disease out of your system. Here is  proof oC what Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  can  do  in  cases  of. this  kind.    Mr.  Richard Palmer, Wroxeter, Ont., says  ���������"For months "my life was made miserable through a combined attack of  rheumatism and sciatica. The rheumatism     seemed  to  settle  in  all  my  joints and the sciatica pains were so  great   that   "I   could   scarcely, hobble  about.    I am  a  farmer,  and  so-you  can understand tnat in my condition  I was unable to do my ordinary work.  Neither   doctors   nor    various   remedies I took did me any good. Finally  1 was induced  Lo try    Dr.  Williams'  Pink Pills, and tor this I have much  to be thankful for, as after taking a  few boxes the pains began to disappear,  and  by  the >timo  1  had  taken  nine boxes every twinge of both the  rheumatism and tho sciatica had disappeared and I was able to go to work  again as usual, aud have not lost a  day through illness since.   I am thoroughly   grateful   for   what  Dr.   Williams'  Pink  Pills  have  done   for me  and hope my experience  will benefit  some other sufferer."  It is the curing of just such cases  as these that has given Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills their world-wide popularity. You can get the Pills from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50'cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brcck-  ville, Ont: /..-���������'  MADE IN CANADA'  THE   BIGGEST.'MOTOR  CAR'BUY  cf the  year.    A combination  of  price, construction 'and equipment that has never before been brought to-  SOME NEW FEATURES  car.  gether in on  KEETON "car_ are built to give  day' inland day out service. Only  the best materials can give you  this service.  Keeton construction is of recognized quality. But don't take our  word for it, make us prove it.  MODELS  5 Passenger Touring.    ���������  . 3 Passenger Roadster.  PRICES  $1,375.00 and $1,425.00.'  1. Improved body lines, giving  graceful  stream line effect-  2.- Clear vision, rain vision  windshield.  ~*3.    Deqper an! softer upholstering, in high grade leather.  4. Gasoline tank at rear, giving  a-better disLibution of weight.  5. Vacuum Gravity Gasoline  feed���������a * feature of the higher  priced cars. ,  6. Addition of one-man mohair  top, extra tire and tube and dash  lamp as standard equipment.  AGENTS  WANTED, EVERY PART OF CANADA  BRANTFORD, .... CANADA.  Her Dad���������What can you offer my  daughter that equals or excells what  she lias now? .  ���������'"Suitor���������Well, I rather think the  name of Montmorency is an improvement upon that of Skraggs, sir; don't  you?  It  and  can  not.  Their Guns Show  Let mc sec a man's rifle  tell whether he's a good shot or  At least 1 c;u. tell whether lie's right  in saying that he's a good shot.  No good shot over keeps a rifle with  a dirty or rusty barrel. It can't shoot  as good as he can hold. On tlie other  hand, a poor shot never knows that  his rillo is shooting wild.  He just sots down the lucky hits to  his credit and forgets all about the  times he mi_s?s.���������C. L. Oilman.  Miller's Worm Powders are complete in themselves. They not only  drive worms from the system, but  repair tlie damage that worms cause  and so invigorate the constitution  that it speedily recovers from the disorders of the digestion that aro the  result of the work of these parasitic  intruders. .They do their work thoroughly and strength and soundness  follow their use.  An authoress once asked a famous  editor to give his opinion on a book  which she intended to publish. In her  letter she said: "if tho work is not  up to the mark I beg you will tell me  so, as I have other irons in the fire;  and should you think this not likely  to succeed I cim bring out something  else." Having read over several  pages of the manuscript, the editor  returned it, with the following brief  remark: "Madam, I would advise you  to put this where your irons are.'        ^  43-1 N.Y. Ave, Whiting, Ind. Jan. 20th.  "Will yon please send me a box of Gin H  Pills? W'lien I sent for l!io last box, I was  all crippled up with Rheumatism ami my lace  was so badly swollen, that I could hardlysce  out of my eyes, but after taki:i������: about si:c ot  the piils, I lelt some better; and after a lew  daVK.I had 110 mure pain. 1 have recommended Gin I'ilh: to some of my (rie.-id'i who are  troubled in Ihe same way. I never intend to  be without them as I have tried so mam'  uthcr pills and got no results  Mrs. ED. DEAN. ...  ERUCE'S GIANT WHITE FEEDING BEET-'flie most valuable Field Root on the market, combines the rich qualities of the Sugar Beet -with the long-keeping:, large size, ensy-  harvestiugand heavy-cropping qualities of the Mangel. #lb. 10c, M lb. 18c, llb.3Jc,  BRUCE'S MAMMOTH INTERMEDIATE SMOOTH WHITE CflRROT-The best of all field Carrots.  #lb. 30c, J-jlb. Oac, llb.$l.C0.  ERUCE'S GiSHT YELLOW INTERMEDIATE MANGEL-A very close second to our Giant White.  Feeding Beet, and equally easy to harvest. &lb. 10c, J^lb. 18c, 1 lb. 80c.  .  BRUCE'S KEW CENTURY SWEDE TURHiP-Thc best shipping variety, as well as the best for  cooking; handsome shape, uniform growth, purple top, }i lb. l_c, J._lb. 20c, 1 lb. 35c.  Prices are at Hamilton���������Add for postage, #lb. 5c, 5<Ib. 10c, 1 lb. 15c. Each-    '  additional pound 10c���������Where there are Express Offices this is cheapest  way to send all orders of-5 pounds aud up.  F������8_" _E* Our handsomely illustrated 112 page catalogue of Vegetable, "���������'  6B-ai-->       Farm and I-Mower Seeds, Plant?, Uulbs, Poultry Supplies,     /  Gardeu Implements, CN., for 1915.   Send for it.  Jehu A. Bruce- & C0.7L.td.,. ffffl������.?i_ty^S  English Railroads  Vou can readily led I if your kidneys  or bladder is :; ff octet I. Vot i wi 111 la ve  pains in the small of Ihe back, groin ���������  or hips, your urine will bs highly!  colored, brick: dust or mticiis d-po-1  ails will show in the morning, your  wrists or ankles may r.wcll, all due  to inactive l-idnoy. which Gin Pills  J Will soon put right. _&_  Clin I'illn are "Made in Canada". HO.-, a Iioj:,  6 for $2.50���������at ail dealers���������Si������ld in L'. S.  under the name "GIN'O" I'illi. Trial treatment free it. yem write National Drujr Si  Chemical Co. of Canada, Limited, Toronto,  Facility With  Which  Large  Numbers  of Troops Are Handled  The   English   government   is   well  pleased with tiie efficient and expedient manner in which the English railroads���������which., by tie way, arc all privately owned���������handed the transportation of troops and war materials on  the outbreak of hostilities.   It may be  stated that the first mobilization order called for 1,500 trains. The work  included      the     handling     of   G0,000  horses, requiring 9,000 vehicles.    On  one day there were 213 troop  trains  running in different parts of the country.   On one busy day there were 233  troop trains.    The first of the expeditionary   forces   took   0,000     vehicles  with them; 5,000 tons of baggage. On  the busiest day 104 trains ran, with  over  25,000  troops   and    over    C.OOO  horses.    One   line  alone    ran    2,200  trains from tbe declaration of war till  September. Twelve railway companies  were     concerned   in  facilitating  the  great work  of transportation.  A   Toe-Hold  "Diplomacy is wrestling with, novel  problems," says Counsellor Lansing,  "and the novel problems seem to have  a toe-hold.  No surgical operation is necessary  in removing corns if Hollo way's Corn  Cure be used.  Minard's  Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  In a case of slander a lady took  the witness stand on behalf of the  plaintiff, whose counsel was examining her. "Now, madam," tho, lawyer  began, "pioase-repeat the slanderous  statements made by tlie defendant on  this occasion just as you heard them."  "Oh, they are unfit for any respectable person to hear," was tlie emphatic answer.  "_V'9n," said the examiner, coaxing-  ly, "-iipposc you just whisper them  to t*e judge?"  His   Attitude  "What is your position on this ques������  tiou?" asked tiie constituent.  Tlie congressman thought a niinuto  and then replied:  "Very uncomfortable."  The Army of  Constipation  Is Growing Smaller Every Day.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS are  responsible���������ihey not  only give relief���������  they permanently  cure Constipation.    Millions use  diem for  Biliousness, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skin,  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price*  Genuine must bear Signature ���������w-cwiiiMJ-TJf'^-m-TrcrvKii;*-.-,���������  ���������HEW, im&NB^ ^Fo_fiS������r~B7^;  ID  ore  Need  TO POPULATE BROAD ACRES OF WESTERN CANADA  Alberta Farmers Form Clubs to Settle the Vacant  Lands  in  the  Province,,and it is-Believed that their Testimony will have  No Small Influence in this Movement  (By Charles W. Stokes)  Something definite and sensible has  at last been accomplished along the  line of agricultural Improvement in  Western Canada in the formation of  the Alberta, Rural Development  League, which came into existence  at a convention at Olds, Alberta, in  -' tlie early part of February.  Everyone knows that the rural districts of Western Canada are sparsely populated and only- very partly developed; and everyone concedes- the  advantages which must ensue with  the closer settlement and greater development of all agricultural lands,  especially at the present time,- when  it is both patriotic and sound business  ���������to bring every possible new acre under cultivation. -But between the attainable ideal and the results to date  of all the various baek-to-the-land and  other schemes which have been started there is, a wide gap.  The back-to-the-land idea is almost  coincident, as far as age goes, with  the age of this planet. One might go  as far as to say that the inability to  accomplish anything, really important  Is almost as old'. Looking back over  the long list of Utopias which were to  have been created, one is struck, by  the rather-pathetic fact that so many  >��������� of the schemes failed. A large number of reasons have been found by  writers on social subjects to account  for this failure; but one reason has  never, I think, been advanced, and it  is probably nearer the root of the  matter. Everybody has always been  urging everybody else to go back to  the land���������nobody has ever asked  them to come.  , The man who is alerady on the land  has, after all, a considerable interest  In the matter. He is quite as much  affected by the success of any'attempt  to cause the closer settlement of the  lands in his vicinity as the business  man in the distant city or the financier in another country. His own  v land will eventually be enhanced in  value; but that is not so much the  desired immediate result, which takes  the form of greater social happiness  ���������better towns, better schools, better  roads, more railways, more money in  general circulation. These things are  to be had only when there is a sufficiently large i.umber of residents to  contribute. A thinly populated district is seldom progressive.  If you can get this changed perspective you will understand that the  farmer is a very important factor. If  he can, too, point to his own success  as a recommendation why others  should occupy and cultivate land, you  have a much more forcible argument  to put before them. One satisfied settler is worth a ton ot pamphlets���������one  prosperous man already on the land,  anxious to get others to come and  share his prosperity, has six times  "the pulling power of the back-to-the-  land advocate who, with all his. interests in the cities, wants then! to  go.  It- is therefore obvious that no  scheme which has for Its aim the  populating of the broad and fertile  acres of AVestern Canada should ignore the possible co-operation of the  farmers themselves. The value of  their testimony alone is enormous:  and if their actual working assistance  could be secured, so much brighter  would the prospects of the scheme'  be. And this is exactly what the Alberta Rural Development League, setting a noteworthy precedent, proposes  to do.  The modus operandi is briefly this:  ;"Settlement clubs" will be organized  composed entirely of farmers. Every  locality will in time, it is hoped, have  its own club, taking some arbitrary  area, such as one township, i'or the  basis. Maps will be prepared by these  clubs, showing what vacant lands He  around them. Listings of this land  will be made, and if. the pribe is satisfactory and the league is convinced  that a nian can make a living on it,  and the members are in a position to  recommend it to outsiders and friends  the central office of the league will  see that literature pertaining to that  particular section is prepared and  circulated. This literature, taking the  shape of small pamphlets containing  mostly testimony from the farmers in  the vicinity, will be sent out to rela  tives, frieuds and acquaintances of  the members to the addei'sse's designated, by the club members.  That is to say, Hiram K. Jones,  now a prosperous farmer of Alberta,  formerly of Iowa, will furnish the  league with a list of his friends and  relatives in the States. Hiram is. a  member of the Pine Coulee Settlement club, and a copy of the' Pine  Coulee booklet is sent to evcry'liame  he furnishes. Hiram's circle of  friends are agreeably surprised to  get it���������still more so when they come  upon his name in its pages. "Why,  for the love of Mike!" they will exclaim; "here's old Hiram K. in print!"  Sooner or later, they are seized with  the itch to write to r.im, to lind out just  how good he has been making all these  years���������whether it really is up there  in Canidy like them there books make  out. If they don't write, the booklets  are hound to come into someone else's  hands, sooner or later, so it amounts  to the same in the end.  Now Hiram gets their letter. He  writes back and tells them he's doing fine since he quit Ioway���������has had  bad years with the good, of course,  like everyone else in every part of  the wide world, but, taking everything  into consideration, has got no kick  coining. Raises so many bushels of  wheat to the -acre���������not so bad, eh?  ���������has so many head of  cattle���������not so bad in six years?���������  likes it fine, so does Mrs. Hiram K.  Now���������mark tho conclusion���������if his  correspondent isn't happening to find  things quite to his liking, and is thinking-of quitting his present lo-ca-tion,  why not go along up to Alberta, and,  above" all, to Pine Coulee? Wouldn't  be like going into a strange section���������  Hiram K. would see to that. Let's look  up rates and read a little bit about  that country.  The league hopes to command sufficient finances to maintain offices in  the United States, with a human follow-up system, sending its officials to  call upon the men on the mailing  list. That may or may not materialize; but it is important to note that  the machinery which the league will j  create will not he devoted to boosting  any one district. Every section will  receive its share of attention in proportion to the energies of its Settlement Club, and the league will concentrate upon the development of the  province of Alberta as a whole.  The wculd-be home-maker, in Alberta is obviously assurod, if he -gets  into touch with this league, of reliable  information.   He deals direct witii the  For More Productiveness and  AvoidancevOf Wast?  Patriotism without production is an  empty sound.,. If ever there was a  time when by your deeds you are required.to be known, it is now. Now,  when the empire is. at war; now,  when many of the regular channels  of supply are closed; now, when men  in millions have been summoned from-  the path's of indus'try to the inferno  of destruction; now, is the time when  Canada is called upon to put forth her  mightiest effort to help stem tbe tide  of destruction, to aid the empire and  lo profit, herself.  ��������� in entering upon the campaign in  which it is now engaged, the department of agriculture of the Dominion  lias entered upon a task that should  do untold good. It is not that our  farmers needed altogether: to be  prompted to benefit themselves, but  that perhaps some of them do. not en-,  tirely recognize the seriousness of  the present and the more probable  critical "conditions of the future. 'If  u.e war were to end tomorrow, .there  would still bV need for every effort  in productiveness, for many years  must lapse before tho .devastation  that has been caused can be remedied  or repaired. Unhappily, the probabilities are that the giant conflict will  continue for many montiis yet, -hr  which case ti.e mir.n of man cannot  fathom or foresee the damage that  ���������will have been done to every form of  industry. To agriculture in particular,  .by the wa.'.te of life, by the wrecking  or. property and by the spreading of  desolation. It-, is in repairing the  damage others cause that the farmers  are callel upon to aid. It is their  mother country that cries to them.  The agricultural department-is not  alone holding    conferences    at many  hftrq-tt' ���������\i ' I)oints in- the country, but it is engag-  jiuib.s  ana . eA in aistl.ibuting ]arge quantitieS of  literature telling how the farmer can  beat serve the interests of the empire, display his grateful sense "of patriotism and bring profit to himself.  In, brief and explicit language, that  all who run may read and understand,  is pointed out the needs of the situation and how those needs can be met.  Above all, tho device is given to  avoid waste. Everything can be utilized. Nothing need be thr,wn away  as valueless. The economy of production is in saving.  The wisest can learn something by"  f  REAL AGRICULTURE INSTEAD OF NATURE STUDY  An American Writer Believes that the way to Teach  Farming  is  to Begin with the  Practical Application  First,   and  then  Acquire Theory and Underlying Principles Later  reading, and in, the Bulletins and Reports prepared and written by experts  and men ofpractical science, farmers  will find hints, suggestions and infor-  ! mat ion of the greatest possible'value  t this season, and such as will advan-  i tage both, their land and themselves  i for all time.   They will also aid them  ���������! in that duty to the empire which is of  such passing and instant importance  that     to shirk- it is  to  be  criminal.  Copies of the publications of the department can" be h?c. upon addressing-  Publications   Branch,   Department   of  Agriculture.   Ottawa.   No   postage   is  required on the application.  men who is already on the land and   TT        T_.    , . _.  making    good, and he finds out the ! MOW liliakl  WHS  Discovered  real   truth   about   the   country. , The !    league has other objects besides this  primary one of settling lands in the  province of Alberta. It schedules  amongst them its endeavor to effect  a distribution of the population of the  province so as to place say 70 per  cent, of the people on farms and the  balance in the urban centres���������to secure a better system of agricultural  credits���������to facilitate the transportation and marketing of farm products  ���������and to extend agricultural education. Amongst other things, it. may  be stated, as ;>ernaps a significant  fact, that the Calgary Consumers'  League, which is a combination of the  housewives of Calgary to keep down  the cost of living, was represented by  its president and executive committee  at the Olds convention of Ihe Rural  Development League.  It remains to say that the latter  league has a strong executive. In the  person of G., R. Marnoch, president  of the Lethbridge Board of Trade,  it has a president who has already  demonstrated the feasibility of linking up the development of the city  with the prosperity of the farmer. The  Lethbridge board of trade's system  of advancing live stock to farmers is  proving a success, and is becoming  the standard of similar schemes elsewhere. The vice-presidents are H. M.  E. Evans of Edmonton, G. B. Smith of  Camrose and F. M. Black of Calgary.  The- executive consist of E. L. Richardson and WillkiTii Ceorg'eson of  Calgary,"~A. ,T. Matthews of Medicine  Hat, S. II. Smith and A. T. Gushing  of Edmonton, and James Speakriian  of Penhold. president of the United  Farmers of Alberta.  Young Officer Who Made Discovery  Becomes a Millionaire  Khaki, the color of which will render our soldiers so difficult to see,  was discovered by a happy accident.  The British troops in India wore a  cotton uniform, which when it was  new,.was khaki in color, but after a-  visit to the launary was indescribable. A Manchester business man, discussing this defect, remarked casually  that a fortune awaited the-man who  could find a khaki dye that neither  sun, soap nor soda would fade. A  young officer heard the remark, hired  a skilled native dyer and began^his  search. Years pasted in fruitless experiments, till:one day, passingover a  heap of rags, relics of their failures,  they chanced upon one piece which_  was still khaki, though the laundry  had worked its will. But it had re-  ceived'no special treatment so far a3  they knew, except that it had fallen  into a metal dish. This was the secret. The metal of the dish and the  chemicals in the dye had combined  to produce that fadeless khaki color,  which makes our soldiers invisible,  and turned tho lieutenant into a.millionaire.���������Glasgow Times.  Much has been said" and done during the last few ydars in regard to the  teaching of agriculture in the public  schools, particularly the city high  schools. In spite of all this the farmer  remains the same and farms in the  same old way. Is there anything  wrong? If so, where is the mistake?  Should we educate city boys to go into the country and become farmers, or  would it be more sensible to educate  the country boys along agricultural  lines in .such a way that they-.will  want to remain in the country as  farmers? Why are we teaching agriculture in the city high school? Several excuses are given, but reasons  are few. "If agriculture has any business in the city schools, it is because  many high school, graduates ' become  country teachers and because a few  country boys and girls attend the city  schools. Therefore, tiie course should  be elective.  Doubtless the pedagogical way to  teach a subject is to begin with the  theory and underlying principles and  work up to their practical application,  but the agricultural way to teach  farming is to begin with the practical  application and then possibly we may  get the theory and underlying principles later. Tlie farmer is practical  first of all and anything that is going  to have any effect on him must be  practical. He must see, for instance,  that rock phosphate if applied with  organic matter pays. Theories concerning all the chemical changes and  action of bacteria that bring about  these results are so much "rot" to  him at the present time. We hope,  however, that ho may look upon "book  farming" from a different angle when  he sees that it really has a practical  application.  Why not teach agriculture in the  country schools���������real agriculture���������  not.nature study? True, it is said that  attempts to teach agriculture in the  country have so far met with failure.  Judging from practical results, measured by farming conditions how much  more can be said of it as taught in the  city high school? "But tho country  teacher has no laboratory." There ars  farms all about, and we should not  make .the mistake of thinking that  the substitute is bet'.er than the thing  itself. When a professor in mechanics  wishes to put the finishinj touches  to his course, he takes his pupils into  a real shop and shows them how  things are .actually done. Dr. Hopkins  o fthe'Illinois college of agriculture  finishes his instruction in soil fertility  by taking his students on a trip over  "Poorland Farm."  That the country teacher -lias not  time,'is another objection. If you  were to ask a representative body of  intelligent people how many could  name the bones of their body,' or all  the juices poured into it, their effect  on it, and what it is called at different stages; or trace the blood  through all the organs of circulation,  naming and locating all of the valves  of different descriptions, how many do*1  you suppose could do it? It is doubtful if one in a thousand could? If one  breaks a bone, u'oes ho stop to figure  out whether it is 'his ulna or his radius that is broken, or does he get a  physician and have the bone set without ever thinking of its name? If  he has a pain in the region of his abdomen, does he try to locate it in his  illium, or jejunum or transverse colon? He probably takes a dose of pills  and if that doesn't stop tlie pain, he  goes to the doctor for some medicine  without knowing but that the pain  was at the l.yloric orifice.  In a representative body of intelligent people, how great a pe/ cent, do  you suppose can give a recital of  Grant's manoeuvres in the capture of  Vicksburg or of Meade'_ and Lee's  in the Battle of Gettysburg, or of the  various campaigns in the French and  Indian wars, or name the different <,  cities on each side of the Rhine or  the Danube or the Columbia or any ���������  other river, telling what each particular city is note.i for and what industry the people ve mostly engaged  in? The teacher spends days and  weeks and months teaching these  things, with what reasons.' The excuses are that they train the intellect  or the memory or make better citizens and patriots. Does it train the  : ,-mory or the" intellect to cram a lot  of facts and retain them only long  enough to recite or write an examination on them and then proceed to forget them? Or does forcing a child  to cram his mind with the movements  of armies and the arrangements of  b-ttleships and retain them only until  his immediate need of them is past  make him a better ;iatroit or citizen?  How much more sensible and to the  purpose it would _e if instead of  spending so much time on these  things, the teacher would spend some  of it in teaching the child how to  make a living for himself and those  dependent upon him. A man with an  empty stomach and hungry faces at '  home is a mighty poor citizen and no  patriot at all.  Why do our educators for the most  part persist in quibbling over theories  instead of teaching the child something that he can use and that is of  'real, practical value to him? Such  things surely have as great value in  training the mind and memory as  what they are now teaching, it is  indeed a great tribute to the sturdi-  ness of our race that our boys and  girla develop into men and women in  spite of our systems of education.���������  C. II. Oathout, in the Banker-Farmer.  Canada's Loans in United States  Last fall, secretary of state Bryan  told the Monetary Times that President Wilson's disapproval of United  States loans to belligerents included  Canada, its federal and provincial  governments. Sin:.3.then nearly $14,-  000,000 of bur provincial government  loans have been raised in the United  States, in addition to $30,000,000 of  Canadian municipal and corporation  loans placed there. President Wilson  and Secretary of State Bryan are possibly recalling the facts that it is  difficult to separate trade from loans  or to dam capital at will. But Count  von Bernstorff, German ambassador  at Washington, after sizing up this  loaning incident, will probably tell  Washington that it talks in German  and acts otherwise. Meanwhile, the  count continues to talk.  Lady French, wife of the Field  Marshal commanding in France, has  just been presented with tho pistol  carried in his holster at Waterloo by  the Duke of Wellington.  "The average man sleeps twice as  long as he ought. Four hours out of  twenty-four devoted to Morpheus  should be sufficient for any man. Furthermore, in the future, man, aided  by electric light, will overcome his  habit of sleeping���������go with less and  less sleep, until finally he never  sleeps at all," said Mr. Edison.  Scottish Experiments  Old Country Expert Gives Valuable  Information Regarding Rearing  and Feeding o.' Stock  Professor Gilchrist, Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne, gave an address in Aberdeen on efficient and  economic manuring and feeding to  tho Farmer Students' Asjociatioivof  the North of Scotland College of Agriculture. Particulars were given of  tlie result of a large number of experiments carried out at Cockle . Park  Farm. Figures, were given showing  how quickly large amounts of nitrogen can be collected by leguminous  plants under favorable conditions. It  was found that on. the average 11  bushels more ar. acre of wheat, bar-  Icy, and oats were grown where these  crops followed clover; barley gave an  increased yield of 9 bushels per acre.  Tho great bulk of the #astureland at  Cockle Park had been immensely improved by treating it ivith 10 cwt. an  acre of high grade -slag as a first  dressing,    and 5 cwt. an acre every  three years thereafter.  The professor gave particulars regarding the rearing and feeding -,t  stock. With the increase in the cost  of store cattle an important point was  to consider how cattle could be reared  in 'the most healthy and economical  manner. Young stock made better  gains from a given amount of food  than older cattle, and large amounts  of food were wasted when either under feeding or over feeding was practised. Further, food should not be  wasted in the final stages, when the  livo weight gains became considerably reduced in proportion to food  ,consumed, and at the same time the  meat was depreciated by becoming  too fat.  The manuring of crops should be  considered from the point of view of  the whole rotation, and even longer,  and also the lasting results rather  than immediate results should bo  aimed at in tho manuring of hay and  pasture. A change of seed from Canada was always good so far ai oats  were concerned. Whereas barley direct from Canada always gavo poor  results.���������Montreal   Weekly   Witness.  Feeding Lambs on Alberta Alfalfa  Proves Profitable -���������  Alfalfa is becoming an important  crop on the irrigation lauds of Southern Alberta, and an experiment has  just been conducted by the Dominion  Experimental Station at Lethbridge  to ascertain its value as a feed for  lambs. The result shows that it is  entirely satisfactory and profitable to  buy lambs at market prices and feed  them with alfalfa as tlie principal  ration. The .\lfalfa ration was supplemented with smaller quantities of  oat sheaves and a certain amount of  grain.  The following statement shows that  the average profit per head realized  was over one dollar:  Group 1. Group 2  Cost   of  230   Iamb...$948.75 $   048.75  Cost of feed   281.20       297.50  Cost   of  labor   (estimated)        43.75 43.75  Interest    on    investment .->    22.14        22.14  Total $1,295.90 $1,312.19  Selling price     1,509.93    1,584.92  Net   profit         214.03      272.73  In this  valued at  experiment the alfalfa was  $8.00 per ton in the stack,  and the oat sheaves at $10,00 per ton.  Tlie cost of the salt given is also included. The grain which consisted of  equal parts of oats and barley, fed  whole, was charge 1 at l;;ic per pound,  which is quite in keeping with the  market price at the present time.  In arriving at the figure quoted allowance was made for the cost of the  labor and interest was also allowed  on the amount invested at the rate of  8 per cenl. for 3'/. monttts. Tlie result  of the experiment is further proof of  the greater profit to be made by marketing crops "on tlie hoof" rather than  in the ordinary way, and also shows  that when farmers engage in raising  live stock there is no limit to the  market which may be established for  alfalfa grown on the irrigated lands  of Southern Alberta.  War and Love  The high explosive favored by the  Austrians is called ecrasite. The  secret of its composition is only  known to two men, who are natives  of that country. It is r.n explosive  of particularly destructive power  against forts and oarth-u .irks.  Louisiana    Girl's     Romance���������Invade.  French   Trenches  Cupid has invaded the trenches of  the French army. And therewith lies  an interesting tale.  When the Lafayette Fund issued  its appeal for money to be used in the  purchase of comfort kits to be sent to  the soldiers in the French trenches,  $2 came in an envelope from Miss  Adele Leuville of Planquemine, La.,  with hopes that "this terrible war will  soon be over." Sac-Ii kit that is for-  Avarded contains a card upon which is  written the name of the. contributor.  By odd chance Miss Leuville's kit was  received by a soldier named Maurice  Dubois of the Twenty-seventh Company, Sixth Cavalry, of the Fourth  Army Corps of France.  In the frosty weather of the Ar-  gonne trenches, Comrade Dubois could  not restrain a feeling of gratitude" for  tho kind person who had sent him tho  warm stockings, the woolen mittens,  the snug-fitting undcrwer ��������� and the  comfortable cap and muffler which  composed the kit. And as he thought  of writing a letter of thanks to the  donor, it seemed as if the name wero  familiar to him. Dubois communicated with the Lafayette Fund at the  Hotel Vanderbilt, .Vow York, saying  that seventeen years ago lie went to  school with a girl of the .tame name in  Nancy, France, when he was 12 and  she 11 years of age. He asked that  inquiries be made to establish her  Identity if possible. This war; done;  it was confirmed that Miss Leuville  was Dubois' former, schoolmate, and  she wrote him that sho would pray  I'or his survival of the war and welcome his promised visit to America at that future time.  Rut this incident eventually aroused  the patriotism of Miss Leuville or  awakened romance in her nr.ture. She  wrote (he Lafayette Fund that she  would like to go to France to act as  nurse, in which capacity site had some  experience.  Saturday, .''oh. 13, she sailed to aid  her native France on the firing line���������  an<| see Maurice Dubois.  It was on January 29, 1856, fifty-  nine years ago, that tho Victoria  Cross was founded, and it is a striking illustration of the strictness with  which the decoration has been conferred that only some 550 officers and  men have won it, including those to  whom it has been awarded during the  present campaign. There are about  170 surviving recipients. THE'   SU_\,    GRAND   PORKS,   B.G.  NEWS OF THE CITY  At an interlocutory hearing in tbe  case of Logan vs. The Granbv company, held before Sheriff Kerroan  and a jury of eight in the court  house last Saturday, damages to the  amount of $2500 was awarded the.  plaintiff, who sustained serious injurious in a blast in the company's  mine at Phoenix some time ago. A.  McNeil, of Fernie, appeared for the  plaintiff. This termination of the  case was made necessary owing to  the fact that the solictor for the  company had failed to put in his  pleadings.  make'the rooms as attractive as possible. The next ��������� meeting jot the  board will be held on Monday, May  31.      .  In view of recent sad events, the  pervices in the Baptist church on  Sunday will partake of a memorial  character, morning and evening.  VVm. Murray,' who has been a patient at the hospital in this  city for-  some  lime, is nov  recuperating at  .his home in Phoenix.   -  Eugene Herrick's  new  residence  on his   Valley view  fruit .ranch  at  Carson   is   nearly completed.     Mr.  Herrick   says   the   indications  are  good for a normal crop  of  fruit  in  his orchard.  Mrs. James West has collected  S20 for tobacco for the Canadian  soldiers at the front. Tbe money  was forwarded to tbe Overseas club  in London on Thursday morning.  Private W. E. Oliver, of Greenwood, was among those who died  on the field of honor in Flanders  the latter part of last week.   .  The refreshing rains yesterday  greatly increased the crop prospects  in the valley.  . Mr. and Mrs. \V. J. Penrose and  family have returned from a two  weeks' visit with friends in Vernon.  A. McNeil, of Fernie, solicitor for  the Great Northern railway, in British Columbia, was in the city on  Saturday.  W. H. Beach,'tbe Christina Lake  merchant, was in the city on Tuesday.  , Tom   Nesvby'  came   down   from  Gloucester camp last Saturday.  J. 11. Jackson, M P.-P. for Greenwood riding, was- a visitor in tbe  city yesterday.  At the meeting of the board of  trade on Monday night it was de  cided that the board rooms should  be open all day as a rest room for  visitors to the city on May 24th.  The   secretary   was   instructed    to  The Sun has received from   Ottawa   Memoir  56,   geological   series,  which is a  detailed   re'port' on   the  geology of   Franklin camp by Chas.  W. Drysdale.    The volume consists  of  246  pagps,   copiously illustrated  by Dr. Drysdale's photograph's   and  drawings,   and   is  accompanied   by  sevpra! maps by him.    Fie describes  the camp as sixteen square  miles in  extent, located in   Similkameen   division of Yale   nistrict, on . the east  branch of the North Fork of  Kettle  river, due north of Grand   Eorks, 37  miles from the , international   boundary.    The field work'on which the  report is based was carried on in the  summer   of   1911.      Dr.   Drysdale  finds that   the district "presents ���������to  the geologist an unusually complete  record   of   Mesozoic,   Tertiary   and  Quaternay events',   particularly   the  latter two."     He says  that   outside  of  less detailed    reports   by  R   \V.  Brock from examinations   made   in  1900 and 1906,   the   only   literature  on    Franklin    camp   whs  found in  brief references in the annual reports  of the British Columbia  minister of  mines for the years 1900, 1901,- 1904  and  1906.    These do not discuss the  geology    or   mode of occurrence   of  ore bodies.    The author makes complimentary   references   to assistance  rendered   by several,   including  O.  'K Le Roy, Frederic  Keffer,   F. M.  Kerby, H. C. Kerman, H. -B.   Cannon   and   Cooper   Bros.,   of Grand  Forks, and a group of Yale geological professors for advice in   prepara  tion of the manuscript.  , It Is wise to say a good  word for yourself or your  business, whether your  stock in trade be merchandise or labor, Want  Ads. are the most direct  line of communication  to the  boat buyers.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND i  d^nn IJ1������R ACRE���������The old Grahnm much of  vP_jU 1!12 ncrcs, at Cascnde, cim be purchaser! at .?20 per acre, If taken at (nice. W.  K. Hsiiiifr owner, Rossland, B. C.  AGENTS WANTED  RIDtiKS WANTKI") us osciits for our hijrli  ��������� vmcle hiuvi'lns. Write for low prices lo  rHOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCLE WORKS, ViC-  rOR.A.B. CV  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK  your  repairs  to   Armson, shoe   m-  pnirer.   -The   Hub.    Lool������   for -the   Bin  Bnot  TENTH VICTORIA DAY  Nelson Day at Grand Forks  Monday, May 24th, 1915  SPECIAL TRAIN FROM NELSON  anpeuvres  By Grand Forks Sharpshooters  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  and   Knnges.    Ii. C. Peckhnm,   Second-  hum] Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD   five room  house; two    blocks   from  post'officii.   Apply this office. .  WATER   NOTICE  Work of Bible Society  Dr.    Wright,    British    Columbia  representative   of   the   British and  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  M^\X7 H a rn pcc and  do all kinds  of  iicw.iiam cr>������ harness ��������� repairing. All-;; -  work guaranteed.  Your patronage is solicited.  A. Frechette  ( DlYKHSION AND USE'. )  TAKK NOTICE that Mrs. Jennie Morrison,  I whose address is Urand Porks. B. C, will  upply for a licence to take mid use 20 acre-  feet o. water oul of Kettle IUvor; which flows  south eusterly and drains into Columbia  River near Marcus, Washington. U.S.A. The  water will bo diverted from the stream at a  point 950 feet south-enslerly from the northeast corner of Lot 16911 and will be nsi'd ior  irrigation and domestic purposes upon the  land described as part of J,ot 1699. - This  notice wa>- posted on ihe ground on the 27th  ilny of Apr 1, 191!). A ropy of this notice mid  iiTLii|inlii-utioi) pursuant iherc o and to the  ���������Water Act, 1914." will be filnrt in the office  of the *\ aicr Recorder at Grand Forks, B.C.  Objections to the application may bo filed  with the said Water Kecordcr or with the  Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, B. C , within thirty days  after tlie tirst appearance of this notice in a  local newspaper. The date of the first publi  cation of this notice is April 30th, 1915.  MltS. JENNIE MORRISON, Applicant.  Baseball  Football  Basketball  Nelson  Versus  Grand Forks  Open Caledonian Sports���������Children's Competitions  GASH PRIZES FOR ALL EVENTS  <  ���������  Dance in Opera House  oTVfusic ��������� By" oMcLeod's Orchestra  FULL   DAY'S  SPORT   AND ENTERTAINMENT  FOR zALL  +   ,  See Small Bills  for Programme  W.M.DeCEW, President  F. J. LAKE, Secretary"  GOD    SAVE    THE!     KING  fiJourT  %__#>  .  96-BS *  RODIN HOOD  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family  Robin Hood Flour  Oats  a  a  ti  Porriage Oats  Ferina  Graham  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Foreign Bible society, delivered two  addresses in the city last Sunday.  In the' morning he spoke in the  Baptist church, while his evening  discourse, was delivered in Knox  Presbyterian church.  Dr. Wright dealt with the difficult  problem of translation of the; sacred  scriptures into the niniiy... langii'-ge-i  and dialects of the uncivilized  world, many of which tongues are  still without an alphabet and without the proper vocabulary in which  -to express the life saving, character  building teachings of-the Bible.  In the hundred and ten years of  the British and foreign society's  work over 260,000,000 copies of the  scriptures have been published and  distributed; and in 1914 the society  published 9,000,000 copies in 474  different languages.,. Some 2450  copies of tbe word are issued every  week.  No nation or tribe is denied the  scriptures in its own tongue so soon  as the appeal is made, and th������ funds  of the society.permit. The sale of  the concern's publications far from  meets the cost of printing, distribution, etc.; and the cost uf salaries,  publicity, etc., is only 10 per cent  of the funds invested in the enterprise. The society is supported by  the voluntary gifts of the people,  chiefly of Great Britain and its colonies.  Between 40,000 and 45,000 kakhi  bound New Testaments were presented to the Canadian troops for  their, knapsacks at the front, and in  (.he   old   country   the   British and  Foreign Bible society supplied 300,-  000 copips to the soldier's,'-who have  manifested a gratifying eagerness to  possess J.hese Testaments.  , The work of the society is inter-  i denominational, all of the chief  [ bodies being supplied from this  ���������source, without which their missionary enterprise would be considerably crippled. Translations from  the original tongues are inade by  missionaries on the field and afterwards carefully revised by an inter-  penominational committee of the  best scholarship.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  ; I ~have Opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and .keep these celebrated wheels  in stock. ;...'  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboer _^_finRa������  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made  to Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds..  Upholstering Neatly Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  urnitore  CI When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  CI We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  _I We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnisfiers


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