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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 11, 1917

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 ;iS������i|i^S^^iifesS|SSffi  .������������������vfttj):'-:  i������a,,*-v.i'?,::a'.r.ii_-ij  aS  *���������##;  '������ifc'"ia������'ll  ������fflS"/K'J  "-I'ilJR.i-l:,  ,Uw'������1i.   IX.i/   '/'..'���������>/     /  :������<,  e Vallay Orchardist  SIXTEENTH YEAR���������No   28  GRAND FORKS   B   C, FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1917  81.00 PER YEAR  NECESSITY OF  The Crow's Nest coal  miners on  Satuiday last rejected by   an   overwhelming  majority ' the   proposed  agreement entered'into by the mine  owners and  representatives of  the  minerB.  The miners' representatives  are again in conference in   Calgary,  and yesterday was spent  in getting  the   preliminary   business   of   the  meeting over.    Every miners union  in   the ,district is represented, and  the meeting is planning to make the  struggle between the operators  and  miners effective on  account of or-  gamzationiamong the miners.  The miners have commuicated  their point of view to the minister  of labor and all expect; that Jthe  government will soon take some action. In fact, from expressions  made by the miners' union representatives yesterday, it is evident  that the men themselves consider  that government intervention' is already demonstrated to be a necessity.  tbe president, in his address to the  American people, has pointed out  with'startling clearness. The farmers  'fir6t, for tbey have it in their power  to meet and solve almost unaided  the most pressing problem of the  war,~tbe food supply. But there are  millions' of others who can contribute their bit by raising on their little, household lots, a few pecks k of  potatoes or a few quartsof beans for'  tbeir own use, and so releasing in  the aggregate many shiploads for  export. All of us can and should be  truck farmers, if only on the smallest scale  But, as the president has shown,  food is not the only   thing  needed.  The miners can increase their out  put, the factories can speed up their  machinery and work  tbeir  men in  double shifts, or in three shifts; tbe  railways must  be ready to  handle  all the freight that the cars can hold,  the shipyards   to   lay down every  keel that their space   permits; and  then, besides all that,  each one   of  us must stop the waste in the kitchen, the pantry, the refrigerator, the  coal bin and the wardrobe. So shall  we win, and   win in the shortest  time and w th the lease suffering.  ' Atf American car  from Spokane io Grand-Forks yesterday in bxx and one-quarter hours,  thus lowering the record of the  Great Northern unlimited.  last examination at Fort Wright on  account of his eyesight ancL returned yesterday, they have joined  the coast artillery and expect to  leave soon for Frisco or Virginia.  The provincial voters' list closes  on Monday, May 14.  W. Crosby, of this city, is driving  a delivery wagon for Lee <fc Bryan in  Greenwood.  THE RMS  The.agnual meeting of the Greenwood District Liberal association  was held at Rock Creek last Friday  evening, and it was the largest  turnout of the kind ever seen in the  district. A Bpecial train was run  from Eholt, Greenwood, Boundary  Falls and Midway.  The water in the Kettle river at  this point is gradually rising, and  sawlogs' for tbe Carcade mill have  commenced to float down stream.  "Business As Usual"  One of the leading objects of the  mission of British and French statesmen and officers to this country,  says the Youth's Companion, is said  to be to put us oh ourguard against  'the blunders that sad experience7!bad  taught Great Britain and France to  avoid. A most worthy and useful  object! But there is one blunder  that the British in particular have  committed and; adhered to with  characistic stolidity, from, which no  outside advice can save us. We  must learn for ourselves, and must  face and overcome, the danger of  saying, acting or thinking,' "Business as usual."  The nation.is at war. Every citizen is at war. No one is exempt  from the duties or the dangers that  the situation imposes. The more  thoroughly we understand those  facts and regulate our daily lives bv  them, the more nearly shall we meet  the demands of the country, and the  shorter will be the time that those  demands will last. Whatever have  been our own personal interests, we  muBt subordinate and, if need be,  sacrifice them to the national interests.  There are no exceptions. It is a  superficial view to suppose that we  have done our duty when we have  hung out the national flag, tried to  persuade others to join tbe army or  the navy, borne our heavy taxes uncomplainingly, and approved,the  measures that congress and the  states have taken or may take. We  must give our thought,our time and  our effort to active and aggressive  work of carrying the nation to victory. From the very first���������from now  ���������we should assume that the war  will last a very long time; that it  will require the whole service of  everyone who can do anything to  help, either in the ranks or behind  tbem, and that we may eventually  have to endure hardships and to  make pacrifices as great as those  that the other belligerents have endured and made.  How we are to do all these things  and bring ourselves into Hubjection  Prohibition Question Will  Be Settled at This Session  "I am authorized by Premier  Brewster'to state positively that the  question of prohibition in British  Columbia will be definitely settled  at the p;e_ent session of the legislature. There will be no side stepping of the issue on the excuse of  lack of time or any other, but the  matter will be finally dealt with before prorogation." .-. This is the  statement made by Charles E.  Campbell, of- the.Vancouver Liberal  association, who wassent to Victoria  to interview the premier regarding  what action the prohibitionists  might expect on the much-mooted  question.  There /have been many rumors  that the government had decided to  shelve the matter until the parliament met a year hence, lack of  definite information on the overseas  vote and lack of time being the chief  reasons put forward why this should  occur.  "Premier Brewster has made no  promises one way or the other,"  says Mr. Campbell, "but in my  opinion, speaking as a prohibitionist and not ae an official of the Liberal part}', the government will meet  the wishes of the prohibition people  in full. I have always held this  opinion, and I am convinced now  that the prohibition bill will go into  force in this province on July 1."  Canadian apples were recently  sold in England at from $9 to $12.50  a barrell.  The Rossland and Greenwood city  councils have adopted resolutions  urging the Dominiun and provincial  governments to settle the coal strike  in the East Kootenay.  Sunday, May 13, will be Mothers  day.  Bass fishing opens on the 16th of  June.  ' Free miners' certificates expire on  the 31st of May. .  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.    Max.  4���������Friday  65 31  5���������Saturday  .... 68 30  6���������Sunday....... 51 42  7���������Monday...#.. 78 39  8���������Tuesday  77 37  9__Wednesday .. 78 38  10-Thursday  80 42  May  Inches  Rainfall ������9  Six young men from  Canada re  ceutly  passed   through  Oroville  to  enlist with the United  States army  ���������At-Beattl.e..' ���������,^.:,'. li;,,y_i.^.::1..:.-:. '  Yesterday waV payday at the  Granby smelter. From the present  outlook iu the Crow's Nest, the next  monthly disbursement jnay not be  made on schedule time.  PetuoSkad, May> 10.���������Resumption of artillery firing over nearly the  entire Russian front i8 officially re-  ported'in a statement of the Russian  war office this afternoon. The firing  is said to be especially hot in the  Dwina region. Near Zlotchofi a  German attack ' failed with heavy  losses.  Will Brewster Take the Bait?  It is not generally believed that  Premier Brewster will take the bait  cast to him in the appeal being  made by certain interests that he  step in and decide a question which  was submitted to the electorate and  which it appeors was decided. The  question is prohibition.  Both the "wets" and the "drys"  have contended ever since the result of the soldiers' vote became  known that they were right, the  former that" the vote was fairly  taken, while tbe latter contends that  fraud was perpetrated. The "dry"  element proved themselves good  campaigners, but a good camgaign-  er, when he loses, if he is a good  campaigner, generally takes his opponent by the hand and congratulates him, with the declaration that  Steadily Increasing  A government report  says  that  siuce the middle western   provinces j  put prohibition laws into effect.there ^^ ^^   has been a large and stecdilx- grow-Lhe next liwle contest may  be   dif-  British Columbia. ? |at the polls, the prohibitionists now  The government collects  duty on  Workmen who visited the city  this week, from Ndrthport state that  the smelter at that point is being  operated at full blast. It is apparently obtaining its coke supply  from Rosslyn.  Ed Clayton, a former Grand  Forks business man, visited the city  from Phoenix on Monday.  Lorne^-A; Campbell, of Rossland,  general manager of the West Kootenay Power company, is in the city  today.  The good road in front of The  Sun establishment makes a splendid  automobile speedway.  There are forty-one mpn at the  Emma mine at Denoro. Consider  able . development work and diamond drilling will be carried on  this summer.  Perplexing  One of the most perplexing features of the war situation at the  present time is the apparent inactivity of Russia on the eastern front.  If the same spirit was" abroad that  existed a year or so ago the pressure  now felt on the western front would  be greatly relieved. It may bo that  German influence has succeeded in  producing a chaoiic condition in  Russia, and that the latter country  will a8k for a separate peace. In  that event there would be an excellent opportunity for Japan to settle  old scores with the Russian bear.���������  Lndysmitb Chronicle.  L. Frankovitch rambled   over  to  Greenwood in a Fovd car   on Wed-  There may be some mining activity this summer at the old mining camp of Fairview.  The smeltermen in Trail are now  being paid 80 cents a day more than  they received a year ago.  Judge Mulligan and George W.  Rumberger, of Phoenix, sailed from  Seattle for Alaska yesterday.  A. Baumgartner, of the city, has  purchased tbe Hotel Grubb candy  store in Oroville, Wash.  liquor when it is taken out ot bond  and bought ,by a retailer. From the  place of manufacture, or from the  wholesaler, it goes to bonded ware  houses and, on being taken out of  these warehouses to be sold,is charged duty. In this way the unnecessary tieing up of capital  is avoided.  Liquor is shipped to Vancouver  from the east in order to supply the  wants of the prohibition provinces  in the middle west. It is kept in  bonded warehouses in British Columbia, largely along the borderline  of Alberta, and duty is collected  when it is about to be sent to pur  chasers in "dry" territory.  The total revenue collected during  the past fiscal year amounted to  $810,617, which is the largest in the  [history of the Vancouver division;  it is an increase of more than 50  per cent over the revenue of $527,-  422 for the previous year.  Rural Sarcasm  A farm hand who had worked  bard in the fields from dawn until  da-knees day after day, and had  been obliged to finish his chores by  lantern light, went to the farmer at  the end of the month and said:  "I'm going fo quit. You promised  me a steady job of work."  "Well, baven'-t you got one?" was  the astonished reply.  "No," said the  man. "there  are  to the demands of the national crisis ' ncsday.  Recruiting Officer Walters, of  Spokane, was in Laurier last week,  and accepted six boys���������John Hof-  ford, Verro Kidwell. Nathan Rol  lins, Walter Rollins and Charles  Thompson, of Laurier, and Lee Duf-  field, of Rockcut. With the excep-  tion of Thompson, who failed at tbe Greenwood Ledge.  appeal to a little handful of men at  Victoria to decide a question which  is purely one for the electorate; and  it is not believed that the premier  and his cabinet will commit political suicide by stepping in and deciding the question for either of the  contending factions.  What the powers that he at Victoria should do, if they do anything  at all, is to re-submit the proposition after the war is ended and the  men return home. Then the people  will be in a position to give their  careful consideration to its  merits.  But for one side or the other to  force upon the people through the  provincial government a condition  which, from the only return we  have from the election, indicates it  is not wanted by the electorate,  would be quite unfair. Tbe people  must and will rule.���������Rossland  Daily Miner.  And No Time Lost  If old Garge Jones was the most  inquisitive man in village, Sandy  Morton, according to Answers, was  certainly the surliest.  One afternoon, as Garge perambulated slowly along the one narrow  street, he paused at Sandy's garden  fence and gazed inquiringly over at  Sandy, who was busily nailing a  large box together.  "Afternoon, Sandy!" said the  old man genially. "Whatever be'e^  puttin' that great box together for?"  Sandy stopped in his hammering  long enough to retort curtly:  "To hold all your questions, if so  be as it's big enough?"  Garge eyed him in pained silence  for a few moments. Then he took  an   empty   match   box   from^ his  three or four hours every night  when I don't have anything to do  except to fool my time away sleep  ing."   New Method Needed  Joe Walters wants a tax on fuel  oil in order to protect the C08l in  dustry of this province.    The prov- . .  ince aleo needs a better method of pocket and threw it over to Sandy,  keeping its coal mines and cokej "Then that'll do for your civil an-  overis   in   continuous  operation.��������� . swere, if so be as it's small enough!'  ' ��������� ���������       ���������     i    ; -ji  be retorted quietly. m:  ,r,^^,!���������,.~,ft^.^������������������^^  m  ���������w  ::;^;  THE   SUN,   GRAND   PORKS,   B. G.  G. A. EVANS, EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)     1.50  - Addrea������ all communications to  ��������� The Grand Foiiks Sun,  .Piros-RlOIR Grand Forks, 13. C.  OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.  {News editoi* has had considerable experience  ,at newspaper funerals, we shall continue tore-  'garcl him as a false prophet. The papers that  I have recently given up theghost in this province   were  windjammers, like the News, and  it is  not  fair  to  compare other papers with  them.  t   .__  FRIDAY, MAY 11, 1.917  The Greenwood city council wants the federal and provincial governments to "examine  into the high cost of living."    That will do no  good.    Action must follow examination. , But  even if every food speculator were hanged on  Hainan's gallows, we doubt if prices could be  lowered to what they were  three  or four decades back.    In those good old  days  one  of  the  first  establishments in a new community  was a grist mill.    The farmer  would  take a  few sacks of wheat to the mill in the morning.  In the evening he would return with the sacks  filled with Hour, shorts and bran.    That furnished the members of his household and  the  .stock of his barn with the  staff of life at a  minimum cost.  Now the Kettle Valley rancher grows the wheat, pays the freight on  it to  Winnipeg, and then pays the  freight  on  the  Hour, shorts and bran from Winnipeg to  this  point.    The result is that the  price  of these  commodities has trebled. This is merely taken  as an illustration.    The same rule can be ap-  ]Dlied to every, necessity of'life.    As a consequence the  managers of railways���������built and  paid   for  by  the people���������become lords and  mnltimillionpires,   while ��������� the   producers  are  so.ld out by the sheriff.    Something more than  an "exemination" is  needed  to  bring down  prices.    Only a radical change in our present  mode  of living,  together  with    stringently-  enforced  anti-trust "and" ahti'fbo'd-gambling  laws, will accomplish this object.  The editor of the Trail News, during the  past twenty or thirty years, established two  newspapers in the Boundary country. Both  of them are now but a memory. The towns  in which they were published were literally  "boosted" off the map.  e Bride's, Choice  ^  Nowadays-is a handsome piece of Cut Glass. You .will  find m our now stock the very piece that-suits her.  Don t let the price alarm you���������our $5.00 pieces will  surprise you.  ������������������ : '    ii ��������� iiiii mi ii��������� '   The News sneers at the rural papers edited  by old-time printers in this province. There  is not a country paper in British Columbia  not edited by a printer that is worth taking  out of wrapper. ,, '  An empty treasury and a hungry party is a  combination of misfortune and misery, an ele-  ment that has never proved very effective in  promoting harmony and brotherly love. The  Liberals of this province are now learning this  'truth.  The great variety of articles shown will make selection  easy, and we guarantee that no other gift will look as  beautiful as yours. Come and. examine our stock.  You will be just as welcome as if you purchased.  A. D.MORRISON mVlA^Gm  In this issue of The Sun a great (deal of  space is devoted to an explanation of a simple, practical and inexpensive method of home  canning of surplus fruit and vegetables. In  the event of an embargo on the exportation of  fruit this fall, the system described may be  useful in districts where there are no canneries  in saving waste of farm and orchard products.  ^_  J  There are many other causes why the cost  of living is mounting. A few years ago the  average person was not afraid to walk a mile  or two daily. As a result he kept in good  health-and had few doctor's bills'to pay. Now  if he wants to go half a block, he has to  "crank" up his motor car. This helps to swell  the fortune of John D. Rockefeller, who  doesn't need any more money/while it diminishes his own.  The provincial voters' list closes on Monday, the 14th inst. Every woman over 21  years of age is entitled to register as a voter,  under the new Act of the legislature, if she  has been six months in British Columbia.  She must sign the official application form in  order to be registered. To go on the list now  in preparation, application must be made at  once. It will be six months before the next  folpwing list is made. In the meantime there  may be an election.    Do it now.  Ore Can Not Walk  The Boundary needs more work done upon its mineral claims within its boundaries. There is plenty-of  ore in the hills, but.it can not walk to the smelters.���������  Greenwood Ledge.  'We once overheard a physician say that  the tramways in the cities killed morex women  than the doctors. Of course he did not mean  to convey the impression that the tramways  actually killed the women by running over  .hem. This act was done a more legal manner���������by robbing them of their exercise. If his  logic was good, and it sounded reasonable,  how many more lives have the automobiles to  answer for than the tramways?  With wheat at over three dollars a bushel,  it is not an inspiring sight to see all the uncultivated land in the environs of this city.    The  fact that there appears to enough people with  no pressing occupation to cultivate every foot  of it, does not make the case any pleasanter.  During the jDast month we have endeavored  to the best of our ability to impress upon our  citizens the importance of keeping up the food  supply.    We are frank to admit that our efforts have  been  disappointing.    Before   another year passes some one  may have to pay  dearly for this lack of thrift.  _ The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  or the rapid increase in our circulation.  We British Columbia  Nurseries Co., Ltd.  ������f- Vancouver  <^Are now booking orders for spring, 1917,  delivery of their well-known, hardy  Fruit and Ornamental  Stock  Prices include packing and delivery to  customer's nearest station. Write at once  for 70-page Catalogue, also artistic Rose  Catalogue, free.  We. always have room for an energetic,  honest salesman. (Attractive proposition for the right man.  Advertise in The Sun.  largest local circulation.  It has the  The Sun is alwaysa live issue  in  Crand Forks.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  SNAP-IF TAKEN AT ONCE  IMPERIALS PARLORS  & POOL  BRIDGE STREET  WE SELL  Fresti Tobaccos  All Leading Brands of Cigars  Soft Drinks  8-Room House and Two  Lots on Garden St.  W-  J- Meagher, Prop.  CORRECT ENGLISH  HOW TO CSE IT  JOSEPHLNE TORCH BASER. BJleor  HANSENSCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  J  FORSALE  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Ffrsf Street  Telephones;  Office, R66  Haksea's Residence. K38  AUTO LIVE  AT YOUR  SERVICE  The Trail News quite unnecessarily concerns itself about towns that are big enough  for two newspapers. Because the Bevelstoke  Mail-Herald recent went to the hell-box, in  every city that has two publications one of  must, according to the News, eventually travel  flie same route.    In spite of the fact that the  Lots 100 feet by 300 feet deep; chicken coops, etc. Will sell cheap for  quick sale. Will sell for less than  half what it cost owner; $1300 if sold  soon. Will give time if needed. Is  handy to school. Garden has good  soil, and enough potatoes and vegetables can be raised for a large family. Would make an ideal home for  a smelterman.  Terms���������$200  or $300 cash; balance monthly payments of $25 or $30  For further particulars  Call at The Sun Office  A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For   Progressive   Men and   Women,  Business and Professional;  Club-Women  Teachers     Students     Ministers  Doctors      Lawyers      Stenographers  and all who wish to  Speak and Write Correct English.  PARTIAL I/IST Of CONTENTS  Your Every-Day Vocabulary  How. to Enlarge It  Words,Their Meanings and Their Uses  Pronunciations with Illustrative Sentences  Helps for Speakers  Helps for Writers  Helps for Teachers  Business English for the Busines Man  Correct English for the Beginner  Correct English for the Advanced Pu-  pil  Shall and Will: How to Use Them.  Should and Would: How to Use Them  Sample Copy 10c  Subscription Price $2 a Year.  BVANSTON, ILLINOIS  Please mention this paper.  Josephine Turok Kaker'nHtainlnrri Magazine  and Books arc recomineude'l by tuis paper.  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Barns, Prop.  PFione 68 Second Street  PICTURES  MD PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made to Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  RCMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUF  9S_3S IK';:  I  W  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. G.  Your Telephone  Is a 'Long Distance  Telephone  You use your telephone when you, wish to  communicat with a friend or your tradesman.  You naturally use the telephone under those  circumstances.  It Is just as easy to use the Long Distance  telephone. It. requires only the "ordinary conversational effort to telephone to the Coast or  Vancouver Island���������distance is eliminated.  You should use the telephone naturally under  all circumstances.  BRITISH COLUMBIA  TELEPHONE COMPANY, LTD.  SURPLUS FRUIT  HomeMarketShould Be Sup-  With Home Products  plied  If one enters a retail store in the  city or country districts of British  Columbia, one will xee on its shelves  a variety of canned fruits, vegetables1 and meats bailing from alien  countries as well as eastern Canada,  the.raw material-for which is suc-  cesfully grown on the farms and  orchards of our province. Our lumber and mining camps take a large  quantity of a similar class of goods  in the large-size cans. Much of this  uuigtu be produced at home to the  advantage of all concerned, if the  far.xier and orchardist knew of a  simple and practical method of canning it.  In many states of the American  Union the problem of how to handle  toe' surplus farm and orchard pro  duce has been to a great extent relieved by the farmers and orcbard-  i-jts using a small but complete canning equipment. Furthermore, canning clubs.have been formed among  the^young members of rural communities, under the leandership of a  state club leader, to can and dispose  of for profit the surplus products of  farm and orchard. Three hundred  thusands cans of produce were put  up by the home canning clubs of  the state of Washington during tbe  season of 1916, and such was the  demand for the product that the  whole pack was disposed of before  the close of the year.  The canniug of fruit, vegetables,  fish and meat with a (home canning  outfit is no experiment Any one  with ordinary intelligence can make  a success of canning by exercising  care and following the directions  which have been compiled by those  who have already done the neces  sary experimenting.  There are throe systems  of home  canning: '  (a.) Hot water in an open vessel,  (b ) A   closed   boiler    with   hot  water and Hteani.  (c.) Tbe steam pressure way.  The first system is that in general  use where fruits and vegetables are  jmb in glass jars for winter use. In  tb_ second, the boiler is provided  with a close fitting cover, and acorn  binatior.   of   hot   water  and steam  under atmospheric pressure used*  The third method is said to be the  most successful because steam rises  in temperature a8 the pressure increases; for instance, the tempera  ture of steam with a pressure of 5  lb. per square inch is 228 degrees  and under 10 lb. pressure 240 - degrees Fahr. Steam under pressure  effectively destroys all bacteria and  spores.  Equipments vary in size according to capacity desired. The family  size consists of a steel retort or process kettle cylindrical in shape,  about 22 inches wide by 18 inches  high, fitted with a cover provided  with a steam tight joint, steam  gauge to register the pressure, a  safety-velve, and a pet-cock or relief  valve to blow off the steam when  the processing is completed. ' A gal  vanized crate in which to place the  cans or jars to be processed and a  pair of can-tongs are required. The  retort holds at each charge 21 No. 2  can., 12 No. 2^ cans, 4 No. 10 or  gallon cans; and if glass jars are  used, 21 pints, 14 quart, or 6 one  half gallons. If "hole and cap" cans  are used; a soldering equipment is  required^ consisting of a canner's  fire-pot, 1 tipping copper or solder-  iron, 2 capping steels, 1 pair can  tons, 1 flux brush, 1 liquid flux,  and solder. '  In using this equipment a small  quantity of water is put into the re  tort: it is then placed on a gaB.wood,  or coal stove. The containers, be  they cans or bottlps, are placed in  the galvanized crate, which is lowered into the retort. The cover is then  secured in place and heat applied  under the retort untir the steam  gauge registers a pressure correspond  ing to the desired temperature as  shown in the directions for processing tbe produce being canned.  As far as is known, no Canadian  company manufactures the equipment, but they are supplied by tbe  North-Western Steel & Iron Works,  Eaa Claire, Wisconsin; by tbe Pressure Cooker company, of Denver,  Colorado, and by Henninger & Ayes  Manufacturing company,- of Port  land, Oregon The latter manufac  tures outfits from tbe small family  size, which costs ������16 50 exclusive  and $31.50 inclusive of the soldering  equipment, i'.o.b. Portland, to an  equipment designed to handle from  1500 to 3000 cans a day, at a price  of approximately $350. The larger  sized outfits will take care of tbe  surplus of a small community and  could be operated cooperatively.  To those who desire to dispense  with the soldering the sanitary or  open-topoan is available. Compared  with   tin;  "hole  and cap" can, it ip  more expeditiously filled and the  first cost is less, and though a ma;  chine called a "double seamer"is  required to hermetically seal the  sanitary can, the additional capital  expense is justified because of the  ease of operation. The hand double  seamers are now on the'market,'designed to handle all sizes of cans, at  a price of $35 f.o. b. Portland. Outr  fits are made in larger sizes to cater  to the quantity of produce to be  handled.  The American Can company, of  Vancouver, supplies cans as desired.  The quotation for tbe season of 1917  for the three sizes of cans in general  use areas lollows: No. 2 plain sanitary fruit cans and tops, $29 per M.  No. 2������ plain sanitary fruit cans  and tops, $35 per M.  No. 10' plain sanitary fruit. cans  and tops, $85 per M.  No. 2 plain soldered fruit cans  2 1-16" opening and. plain caps,  $32.50 per M.  No. 2������ plain soldered fruit cans  2 1-16" opening and plain caps,  $39 50 per M.  No. 10 plain soldered fruit cans  2 1-16" opening and plain caps,  $92.50 per M.  The above prices are f.o.b. factory  in bulk. These cans are shipped  either in crates or reshipping cases.  If in crates, there is a charge of 60  cents each; if in reshipping caBes,  tbe prices for the 1917 season are as  follows: No.cases, 14������ cents;-No. 2i  cases, 16^- cents'; No. 10 cases, 16������  cents.  If the canned products are to be  offered for sale, neat, attractive labels pleasing to the eye add materially to the saleability of the goods.  Labels in from two to four colors  can be procured at about $3 per M.,  and the very .best five-color labels at  about $6 per. If the canner desires  to adopt a distinctive label, it will  be necessary to have engravings prepared,* the first cost of which will  vary from .������20 to $60, according to  the design and number of colors required.  The following is an estimate of the  actual cost of material for one case  of berries at present prices:  24 No. 2 cans........ ..$0.69 6-10  Ohe case.....'...............���������������������������    .14 5-10  Sugar, ������ lb. per can, @ 8    .24  Labels @ $6 perM.. ..  4rnV ������-5  ,14 1-10  Total.............. $1.22 2-10  Approximately 20 lb of berries  are required per case of No. 2 cans,  and as the retailer is paving about  $5 per case,' a simple calculation  will show' the surplus for value of  berries, labor and incidentals.  As well as the equipment supplied  by the factory, there are a number  of articles to be procured or improv  ised to complete tbe outfit. Some of  tbe accessories are to be found in  any well appointed kitchen, but  where the larger outfits are used,  which require to be housed in a  special room or building, it is essential to provide the necessary accessories. These are as follows:  One grading table, 2 peeling tables,  1 packing table, one scalding vat, 1  exhaust box, 2 cooling vats, besides  other conveniences, depending upon  tbe character of fruit or vegetables  to be canned.  The uninformed may  think   that  canning  fruit  and   vegetables is   a  ( Continued on Page U-)  SICK WIFE'S STORY SURPRISES GRAND FORKS  The following has surprised Grand  Forks. "A business man's wife suffered from dyspepsia and constipation  for years. Although she dieted she  was so bloated her clothes would not  fit. ONE SPOONFUL buckthorn  bark, glycerine, etc., as mixed in  Adler-i-ka relieved her INSTANTLY  Because Adler-i ka empties BOTH  large and small intestine it relieves  ANY CASE constipation, sour stomach or gas and prevents appendicitis.  It has QUICKEST action of anything  we over sold. Woodland k Qtrimi  druggists.  HADE  d_#  Isnt the news of your  store something like the  nsws of the whole city?  There is news every week  in Grand Forks ��������� some  weeks more than others ���������  but every week there is  news.  ��������� - Isn't, there n&ws in.your_.  store  every    week?     Isn't  there some thing  to   advertise?  Your customers are shopping every week. Aren't  you losing many of them  the weeks-you do not ad^  vertise?  It's the steady trade, that  ' counts   with  a  store ��������� it's  the steady advertising  that  brings the steady trade.  RESOL VE��������� To use news  paper space regularly, and  be sure it is in The Grand  Forks Sun.  dS#  ffi  .very  mmmmmommm  W$33fEBtWBKH I u_W*>* '"J***'**"/,*"  -.������_-9���������ut7������>MLf>'#J-MV������*c^rr.������rf _<^_*_^_.rfwreii^M^tf__iir^XM;iV%w.^  yiM-^>M*j*ju*'-������^vui-i^ij1^^_i:fRrv3ji_^n^jiiW.>_^tft_>j^Mni^  u*#_iu_.i*M_^To_i___D_tv___i_������)ryu_r._^  THE   SUN.    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  1 TMC ;K  |VarnjihJ00(1| ������  5        fw~iv_        B i,<v  I __������__br������2__ I   /  feMM-iwsato.1 "  li  For  Spring C leaning  Use  Bapco Paints and Varnishes  Bapco Varnish Stain  Floglaze Lac's and Enamel Colors  Bapco Kalsomine is unsurpassed  o4. full line of .Brushes and Accessories  oM iller CBb Gardner  Home Furnishers  ceived permission, if necessary, to  bring in white laborers from the  United States.  Notice to My Customers���������From  May 16 until next fall the Palace  barber shop will be closed Wednesday afternoons.���������Peter A.  Z.  Pare.  The Grand Forks Concrete com  pany has secured a contract to con-  . struct a concrete burner for Allen ������fe  Norris. The burner is to be rein  forced with steel, and will be 15 feet  in diameter and 35 feet high..  J. S. Carter, district passenger  agent of the C.P.R., passed through  the city this week.  C. JB. Peterson has gone to Prince  ton.  MINING MISCELLANY  W. M. DeCew returned on Monday from a trip to Prince George,  Edmonton and other points on the  Grand Trunk Pacific. He states that  seeding is now in progress in the  Edmonton district.  The Grand Forks Concrete company is putting in a stairway of 100  3^08 to Dr. Averill's residence on  the bench across the North Fork.  The Greeuwood  mining division  is   specially   well    represented   by  mineral exhibits in the collection of  tbe   Canadian  government  exhibition commission.   This is due large-'  ly   to  the  action of the Greenwood  Agricultural      association,      which  wisely donated its entire   collection  of ores to the commission in the fall  of 1914.    Upwards  of eighty  samples   of  typical  ores from that district   were   shown at both the San  San Francisco and San  Diego  fairs,  and the specimens will be exhibited  at all expositions which  may  later  be visited by the   Canadian ,exhibition commission.  W. 0. Easton was taken suddenly ill with heart trouble Wednesday  noon. He was taken to the hospital, but has since recovered.  Peter A. Z. Pare and a number of  other Dokeys will attend the "K.  of  P.   state   convention   in    Spokane  next week.  The Hope, Knox Hill and Lone  Pine-Surprise mines at Republic,  Wash., have shut down, the opera-  ters having refused to grant the  miners an advance in wages of 50  cents a.day. The Tom Thumb is  the ������nly mine that camp paying ������4  a shift.  ing the. cans, care in sealing, and  proper sterilization are essential requisites, leading to success in the  business of home canning  British Columbia itself offers a  splendid market for canned fruits  and vegetables.. According to figures  supplied the writer, the quantity of  canned vegetables annually used by  jobbers is as follows:  150,000 cans of tomatoes.  I03,000.cans of corn.  133,000 cans of peas.  25,000 cans of beans.  In   fruits, apples, pears, peaches,  apricots, and plums, and in berries,  strawberries,   loganberries,     blackberries   and   raspberries   command  the largest sales.  As the number of home or small  canning equipments multiply, an  association of home canners might  well be organized, with a central  organization and warehouse when;  the produce from the scattered  equipments could be labelled with  an associrtion label, and marketed  directly to the retail stores or consumers. If this plan were adopted,  care would have to be taken to  standarize the product, as carelessness in this respect would wreck the  organization.  With a strengthening market for  the canned article, and thousands of  tons of the raw product going to  waste in tbe orchards and gardens  of the province, and an equipment  available at a moderate cost' which  can convert tbe waste into the marketable article, there is little reason  why there should be a continuance  of the conditions heretofore prevailing.���������Alfred Carmichael, in B. C.  Agricultural Journal.  H  Mr. H. S. Timberlake, Optometrist and Sight Specialist (graduate  Canadian College of Optics), will be in attendance at our Grand Forks  establishment'from MAY 18 TO MAY 25, and can be consulted anrl  your eyes tested. All defects of vision and weaknesses corrected by  properly adapted Glasses.  TIM  ffla  m  IMLAK  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forks  Will be the Subject of the  Lecture at ihe  EMPRESS THEATRE  SUNDAY, MAY 13  It Works! Try It  Tells   how   to   loosen   a  core*  tender corn so It lifts  out without pain.  W. M. DeCew has 'obtained an  option on the Western Pine Lumber compaBy's sawmill on Smelter  lake.  J. A. McCallum, road superintendent, made a motor car trip to  Franklin camp on Wednesday.  The most cheerful news this week  comes from the undertakers. They  report business dull.  Jim Bush, of Midway, had a bad  automobile aecident at Rock Creek  on Monday. His car was badly  damaged.  ���������Last year Canada produced 59,-  885 tons of copper. More than half  of it was produced in British Columbia.  Tbe first international mining convention will be held at Nelson, May  17 to 19.  J. P. Griffith, of Fife, was in the  city on Wednesday.  It is reported that the hotels at  Rock Creek sell about $50 worth of  liquor daily to the, people of the  Chesaw country.  The farmers of Kelowna have   re-  SHOUL  SURPLUS FRUIT  ( Concluded from Page 8.)  matter requiring long experience  and a dpgree of skill beyond the capability of the ordinary individual.  This is not so; for directions and  recipss, the result of exhaustive experimental work and practice on a  commercial scale, have been compiled and are supplied by the  makers of the equipments. Success  depends almost entirely on careful  and conscientious work and attention to details.    Cleanliness  in  fill-  Good news spreads rapidly arid druggists here are kept busy dispensing  freezone, the ether discovery of a Cincinnati man, which is said to loosen  any corn so it lifts 6ut with the fingers.  Ask at any' pharmacy for a quarter  ounce of freezone, which will coat very  little, but is said to be sufficient to rid  one's feet of every hard or soft corn or  callus.  You apply just a few drops on the  tender, aching corn and instantly the  aoreness is relieved, and soon the- corn  is so snriveled that it lifts out without pain. It is a sticky substance  which dries when applied and never  inflames or even irritates the adjoining tissue.  This discovery will prevent thousands of deaths annually from lockjaw  and infection heretofore resulting from  the suicidal habit of cutting corns.  PROGRAMME  7:30-8:00���������Pictures illutrating Isai  ab's   prophecy   of   the   Messiah,  etc.  8:00-8:45���������Lecture. ;  This' Lecture will be  the  last  of  the pres?nt series.  You are cordially invited. '  THE  ������  CORPORATION OF THE CITY Of GRAND  FORKS  All Seed Grains Specially Hand  Cleaned  At  HENNIGER'S  Road and Dog Tax  TAKE NOTICE that the Road Tax  for 1917 of $2.00 for each male  person between the ages of 21 and 60  years, residing in Grand Forks and  nob otherwise exempt, is now due and  payable at the City Office or to the  Chief of Police. Payment of same is  required forthwith;  And fcurther Take Notice, that the  Dog Tax for 1917 of S3.00 for' each  dog and $5.00 for each bitch over 6  months old is now due and payable at  the City Office or to the Chief of Police. A rebate of 50 per cent will be  allowed on each if paid on ,or before  June 1st, 1917.  JOHN A. HUTTON,  City Clerk.  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout   the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS <fc DEALERS  In each class of poods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contaius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS |  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which'they sail, ;  and indicating the approximate Sailings;        j  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  vof leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc, in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial .  centres of the United Kingdom. ;  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from $15.    '���������.--...������������������  THE/LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD  5, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  mastered . their  trade, and we do  have, -.to charge  for the "service"  of hunting up  samples in specimen books.  WE PRINT  Letterheads  Noteh'eads  Billheads  Statements  Envelopes  Business cards  Visiting cards  Posters  Dodgers  Shippingtags  Menus  Ball programs  Wedding invitations  Price lists  Pamphlets  Circulars  And commercial  and society print  of every-de  ?  FARM LANDS  OREGON * CALIFORNIA RAILROAD CO.  GRANT LANDS.  Titlo to same revested in United Stntes by Art  of Congress dated June 9, 1016. Two million  tnree hundred thousand acres to be opened  for Homesteads and sale. Power site timber  and agricultural lrtndn. Containing some  of bout land left in United States. Now is  the opportune time. Large secfional map  showing glands and description ofsoil.oli-  mato, rainfall, elevations, etc. Postpaid One  Dollar. Grant Lauds locating Co., Box 610,  Portland, Oregon.  P. A.  Z,  PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary country  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your  repairs  to  Armson, shoe   re  paiier.    The   Hub.    Look for the  Bit  Boot.  Big  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHBHTOASH PRICKS p  and   Ranges.    K. C. Pi  hand Store.  aid for old Stoves  eckhuin,   tjecond-  eyelana Dicycies  "Built to Last"  Without a doubt, one of the Strongest Bicycles ever  built.  We have just received a large shipment of  Clevelands, in various colors. They ar.e- selling rapidly. If you want one, call early, before the supply is exhausted.  Headquarters for High-Grade Sundries.  J. R. M0OYBOER  Bicycles Dealer and Blacksmith Opposite City Hall

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