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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist May 5, 1916

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 *'*/..-',  \������  B-  i3  j.ii  I  TA  BU  I  iy  llvVrv'iLegislativeltibrary'''1   ''''  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No  ���������af  i>  GRAND FORKS   B. C, FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  A huge fraud on the land department of the province was revealed  before tbe public accounts committee at Victoria Wednesday morning.  Acreage amounting to 5760 acres of  timber lands in tbe Renfrew district  vvas acquired as second class agricultural lands. The mill company's  books show 345,765,000 feet of timber, an average of 60,000. feet to tbe  acre. The statute says that land  ^containing 8000 feet to the acre shall  not be sold. Tbe deputy minister  of lands, before the committee, ad  ���������mitted the department maintained  no system of checking surveyors,and  there was no punishment for surveyors not making proper classifica  tions. ' The total purchase price received by tbe government was 817,  916 50. The company declares tbe  values for registration purposes as  ��������� $421,800.  In the light of the damning reve  lations before the public accounts  committee, such as the above, people  are asking if it is any wonder Premier  Bowser is trying to divert attention  from the investigations which tbe  opposition has so successfully undertaken. There is a provision in  . tbe land acfc which says lands may  be cancelled where obtained by  fraud.  Section 157 of the land act says:  "In all cases were crown grants of  lands have been issued through  fraud, or in error, or by improvidence or have, in any other respect,  been imprjperly issued, the minis  ter may, upon hearing the parties  interjsted, or upon default of the  said partits, direct such fraudulent,  erroneous, improvident or improperly issued crown grant to be canceled."  the  music.    Mr. Andrew was for  a  time at Valcariier camp,   where  his'  services were very much appreciated  by the soldiers and by the Y.M.C A  A cordial invitation   is extended  to the  other denominations   to cooperate in these services.    Mr  Rob  irison's words  are, "We are working  ror  the  extensionof  the Kingdom  Sunday next. May 7, at 2:30 p.m.  A cordial innitation is extended to  all.  The   orchards   in the   valley are  now dressed in their loveliest garb.  A drive through the valley   at  this    !season of  the  year will   r^p.-iy   any  A meeting of the 'shareholders  of one'  and not for tbe  mere  extension  of j the Pathfinder mine will be   held in  Presbyterianism." ln'rt c^y this evening.   It was stated  today by one of the  officers of  the  company   that  several   parties   are  anxious to lease the property and to  j start development work at once.  Crop CompetSons  The horticultural branch of the j  provincial department of agriculture  announces that horticultural crop  competitions will be conducted again  this year. The various competitions  are: Five acre plots of bearing  orchard; 5 acre plots of young orch-  chard; J acre plots of raspberries  aud strawberries;-^ acre plots of  onions and tomatoes; ������ acre plots of  celery; farm gardens;   city  gard-ns.  Twenty such competitions were  held last year throughout the prov-  vince, and by encouraging greater  care and attention, assisted materially towards better crops.  Farmers' institutes and Fruit  Growers' organizations are required  to organize the competitions, in  which work, however, they may  call on the services of the assistant  horticulturalists. In the case of  city gardens any organization for  civic betterment may promote a  competition.  The department, in addition to  providing assistance in organization  and in supplying the major portion  of the prize money, will also  supply the judg-j from its official  staff  The announcement in full, with  rules and regulations, application  forms, etc., can be had from the  office of any assistant horticulturist,  or from the department at   Victoria.  Local capitalists, including James  McArdle and son, Fred Russell and  A. E. Savage, on Saturday last inspected the mining property now  being operated within the city limits  of Grand Forks. They may lease  the mine for ninety nine years.  Excavating for the foundation of  the new Great Northern roundhouse  al Weston was commenced on Saturday last.  Captain Kirk made a recruiting  trip to Greenwood and Phpenix the  latter part of last week.  EXCITEMENT  Dr. and Mrs. Wilson and  family,  of  Spokane,   visited   Grand    Forks  i and utner Boundary towns for a few  days this   week.    They travelled in  a big mo lor car.  Richard Frache, of Lethbridge,  arrived in the city on Monday to  attend the funeral of his mother.  Mr. Frache is a member of tbe firm  of Frache Bros., and .conducts the  Lethbridge branch of   the   business.  S. Longhurst, who vvas in charge  of the Canadian Bank of Commerce  at Rock Creek, which .branch has  been closed, was in the city this  week.      .  Evangelistic Services  ���������Commencing   Sunday,   May   1.4,  evangelistic services   will be held in  Knox   Presbyteriau   church     each  nght in ihe v\eek, except Saturdays,  and will continue unlit Wednesday,  Aiiy 31.    Rev.'F.  A. Robinson, B.  A., secretary of evangelism   for   ihe  Pretbyteiian church in Canada,is to  be ihe speaker, and W. R.  Andrew,  of Glasgow,   Scotland,    the    soloist  and director .J song.   Mr.-Robinson  is a man well known.in the   church  from    east   to   west, and   one who  realizes fully Canudi's greatest need  at this present hour,     lie is an able  exponent of tbe truth, and  one who  believes in the old gospel unadulter  ated aud practically applied   to  our  present conditions.     An unsolicited  testimonial of his work says: "He is  an  experienced,   tactful   evangelist  who avoids    the   objectionable   so  characteristic in similar meetings as  conducted   by    some     evangelists.  Tbere is  nothing sensational in his  preaching.or methods.   His"evangel  ism is profound and sane.    He also  lakes   a   very   deep   interest in the  young people, knowing well   how to  interest them aud help them  spirit  .ually."  Mr. Andrew conies with a splen  did record as a director of song aud  as an attractive soloist. He was associated with .the famous Charles  M. Alexander, of England, some  years ago.   He   will   have charge of  Death of Mrs. Frache  Mrs. Magdalena Frache,   aged  67  years, 10 months Bnd 24  days, died  at her   home west  of   this city  on  Saturday  last  after  a short illness.  Deceased was a v^ry estimable lady,  and   had  a   wide circle  of  friends.  She had been a resident of the com  munity   for  about   fourteen   years.  She   is  survived   by a family of six  children, four sons and  twoclau^h  ters-���������Richard    Frache,     of    LiHh-  hridge,   Alta ;���������  Berth,   Gustaveand  Alwin   Frache,   of   this   city; Mrs.  Hansen, of Grand Forks,  and   Mrs  Staffen, of Oakland, Cal.    The  sheerest  sympathies  of  the people of  the district are extended to  the   be  reaved family.  The funeral was held on Tuesday  afternoon at 1:30 o'clock from the  family residence to the Methdist  church, where services were conducted by Rev. J. D. Hobden. The  service was very largely attended,  and many beautiful floral offerings  were made. Interment was made  in the Oddfellows' plot in Evergreen  cemete.y.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  The concert recently held in the  Baptist church, and so thoroughly  enjoyed by those present, will ber e-  peated in Grunwell's hall, Danville,  on Monday, May 8, at 8 p.m. In  a few changes, the program will include some very popular selections  by the violin, harp aud piano, and  also by the vocalists.  One of the surest indications that  spring is here is the appearance of  the dandelion.  J. H. Ryley returned on Monday  from a week's visit to his home at  Queen's Bay.  E. Walker," C.P R roadmaster,  visited Nelson on Wednesday.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.     Max.  April28���������Friday  3(5 62  29���������Saturday  .... 24 62  30���������Sunday  33 73  May    1���������Monday..���������... 38 77  2���������Tuesday  38 83  3���������Wednesday .. 45 82  4 ^Thursday   42 77  Inches  Rainfall..  0.07  l'Tne Night Side and the Bright  Side of GraLd Forks: The Christian's  Opportunity," is the evening service  subject of a special address by Rev.  C W. King in the Baptist church.  The 11 a.m. combined service is  made of heldful interest to both old  and young.  Children's Patriotic Fund  The following contributions were  made during the month of April  to the Children's Patriotic Fund by  the pupils of the Grand Forks public school:  No. of      , Average  The  arrival   of  a  C.P.R. freight  train from Nelson on  Sunday  night  created   a  good  deal   of   curiosity,  expectancy  and   excitement  in the  down town district.    As is  customary, the train blew its whistle when  it  approached   the city.    It  is also  a  custom,   however,   to   blow   the  whistle for few a seconds  and   then  Bbut it off.    But this time the whistle did not stop   whistling.    It kept  up the noise until the train got into  the yard, and for an indefinite   time  afterwards.    This unusal occurrence  gave  rise  to  numerous conjectures  among   the  citizens, the conclusion  most  commonly  jumped   at   being  that   the   train   brought   news of a  great victory by the allied   forces in  FlanderjJ,   and   that   the  train crew  took this method of celebrating   the  event.    After the whistle had   been  blowing for   about  fifteen   minutes,  a number of auto  owners   motored  up to the station to obtain first-hand  information respecting  the   hilarity  of the whistle.   They were informed  that the  engineer  had  opened  the  whistle and the shut off mechanism  had got out of order and he was  unable to stop the noise. And the whistle kept on whistling until the steam  engine went down.    It was a case of  much ado about nothing, and  those  who wenl up to the station to investigate the situation felt that they  had  paid too much for their whistle.  The uew camp of D company,  225tb battalion, was opened at the  fair grounds last Wednesday after  noon The Daughters of the Empire served coffee and cake. The  grounds have been put in very good  condition aud the camp looks quite  coujfortable.  Friday last Foreman Walter Gil-  dart, a member of Phoenix Miners'  union, was accidentally killed by  falling rock in the No. 3 tunnel of  the Granby mine. Gildart was a  native of Nova Scotia and hailed  from Windsor.  Division.  Pupils.  Amount  per Pupil  First    32  $1 35  4 21c  Second .    36  1 35  3.75c  Third....   37  1.30  3 51c  Fourth...  ......44  .70  1 59c  Fifth    32  1.20  3.75c  ......36  .60  1.66c  Seventh..  ......37  .60  1 62c  Eighth...   34  1.65  4 86c  35  .65 .  70  18c  35  20c  . ...358  Totals.  '810 10  2 82c  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at  this port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts  at the head office in this city and at  the various sub-customs offices, for  the month of April, 1916:  Grand Forks $20,602.64  Phoenix     1,181.21  Carson       318.78  Cascade          102.12  Four grandchildren and three  great-grandchildren of the deceased  attended the funeral of the late Mrs.  On Friday morning when Mr.  Brewster pointed out to "Kelly,"  and also to the Bowserite members  of the committee, that nothing the  legislature- could do could suspend  the application of the criminal code,  "Dynamite Jack" was seen to leave  the room with marked baste. He  naturally did not like the look of  things and may have called upon  the premier to ascertain just where  he and "de gang" stood, if he did  tbe conversation must have been  very direct and interesting. We can  almost hear Dynamite saying:    "See  There was a   rumor in the West  end on   Tuesday  that a C.P R. tank  car  of gasoline   was leaking badly,  and that the entire freight yard was  being soaked   with   the    explosive  fluid.    Owners of autos  saw visions  of cheap   motive  power   for  their  cars, and they interviewed the local  officials  of   the  railway    company  with a view of acquiring some ofthe  gasoline that was reported to  be going to  waste,   but  the  officials refused to negotiate any kind of a deal.  Toward   nightfall,   when   it   was reported that the fluid was running in  rivulets from the tank, the residents  in   ihe   vicinity  of  the  yard commenced to get uneasy, and some  of  them were even making preparations  to spend the night elsewhere.    They  argued   that  some  one might come  along and  drop a lighted match on  the    gasoline-soaked    ground   and  blow the whole west end of the city  above the clouds.  It finally occurred  to some one that, before any drastic  measures were taken, it would be a  good  idea send a delegation  to  the  yard to investigate the extent ofthe  leakage. Thedelegation was selected;  performed its mission, and returned  and reported that the  tank   was  so  tight  that  the  odor  was   scarcely  strong  enough  to  reveal  the pres-  Frache on Tuesday last. They came ,   , ,.    . ,.     ,  J J l guy in de talk shop says we  kin   be  here from Wallace, Ida., and Butte, j  Mont.  here, Bill.    Is youse trying  to trow  de hooks into me and de gang?   Datjence  of  any  gasoline  in the yard  Of such stuff are rumors made.  Total  ..822.2U4 75  pinched fer perjury. Ain't we been  promised immunity? Kelly's scared  Mrs. Staffen, a daughter of the stiff and wants to fly de coop. Don't  late Mrs. Frache, arrived in the city ' you try no double-cross stuff on us.  yesterday from Oakland, Cal. She Get me?" We would assume that  was unable to reach the city in time the premier's reply would be to  to attend the funeral of her mother point out that Dynamite and the  on Tuesday last. boys were safe; his  machine  could      Miss   Stark's    kindergarten     re-   ���������   ��������� attend   to   the  courts, in   proof  of  opened on Monday after the   Easter  Mev. M. D. McKee will conduct which he could show how Slavin ; holidays with a large attendance,  divine service at the North Fork and McBride, the blind pig heroes, ! Lake's studio has secured a photo  school   house  (near  Mr. Hoolzel'*) ,,���������, ,:i,.ar..~ Victoria Times. ' of the school.  Chads Krischske, one of Grand  Forks' first cadets, writes from Mil-  ford camp, England, where he is  connected with a Winnipeg overseas  contingent, recently arrived there.  S.J?  HMWtnwHM  U^m&MM&mkM^ ���������&  &BM   SIXN,   0KAND   FORKS, ���������'%  wv  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Germany Dreaming  of Beating* the World  NrvkI   Officers   Said   to   Believe   That  Breach   With   U.S.   Would  Hasten  Enc!  ���������  Tlie Krankfurler Xoiiung publishes  ;<n interview of submarine warfare-  credited Lo a higii naval official whose  \iewa in substance follows:  "A majority of German naval officers believe thai a complete breach between Germany and America would be  conducive to a. far earlier.victorious  termination of the war. Germany could  declare all Great Britain blockaded.  This policy would lead to the starvation of Britain and thus to her submission, and then automatically, the  submission of Russia and France.  America when defeated would have to  surrender-all German merchant ships,  which she had seized and also (o pay  all war costs of the central powers  and their allies."  |-Recruiting Facts  And ��������� Figures  Unfailing Sign  but r  Li mii-  Railroads as Civilizers  Conditions   in   the   Far   East' Where  Railroads   Are   Practically  Unknown  The great w..v in Europe and Asia  has brought home to us the commercial,'social, civilizing' and military  value of railways. There is evidence  that the remote beginnings of this'war  had to do with the building -of the  Bagdad railway toward tho Persian  Gulf. Railways were an important  fealure of the war's strategy. We are  told that at tho outset of the war Germany expected to have France whipped in. a hurry and to hurl her armies  by rail into Russia before thai, nation  could mobilize because of her Jack of  railways. Mi.ilary strategists tell us  that much of Germany's strength results from her network of railways  that enable her armies to be shuttle-  cocked back and forth quickly from  one frontier to another. We know that  Turkey long ago would have attacked  Miez if a railway'reached there; and  report has Turkey building one across  the desert to yet reach it. , Wo read  of Turkish armies fighting to retain  control, of the Bagdad railway and cf  riritish and Russian expeditionary  forces headed toward that railway to.  capture it." The Russian army is impeded in its m-.rcli westward from Er-  zerum because no railway is there.  We look into the books'of ���������statistics  and find that in all of Persia before  ���������the building of the Bagdad railway  there were only 33 miles of railway;  Persia-in-Asia has only three thousand  miles of railway, and its population is  nearly twenty millions. *,  It is an amazing thing." when one  comes to think it over, that millions  and millions of people in this world  never even saw a. railway, and that  there aro other millions who live so  remote from a railway that they seldom see one, and get no benefit O'om  one. The country in Asia through  which the Russians and British are  now fighting is the oldest in the world.  The earliest traditions of the race begin there. Written history has its  first page there, and yet the millions  who live there are wholly without railways. Their methods of transportation have been always the crudest���������  the camel caravan, the creaking ox  cart.  Those vast populations that slept  while the outside world moved on are  getting the beginning of railways now.  But meanwhile they have lagged far,  far behind, and it. will take many years  for the civilization that follows rapid  transportation to do its work.���������Kansas f'ilv Star.  47% i  27% |  3 2% |  ' w \  7% j  Welshmen, i  city,-  A Three Years War  We took Lord Kitchener literally,  observes the London Standard, when,  with his usual calm wisdom, he spoke  of a three years' war. Regarding the  war as a purely military problem, that  estimate: holds good. It was, of course,  always on the cards that Germany  might not consider it.worth while to  persevere to the bitter end, or that  .sin.' might be reduced lo submission  by economic- pressure; and those possibilities still exist. But when wc relied, what defeat, means to Germany,  and especially to the llohenzollern re-  fiime  count  iority  sired  cided.  it seems foolish optimism to  on any factor but. sheer super-  in anm to bring about the de-  i\-!sult. The war is still undo-  But we have every reason to  believe that ihe present year will see  u decline in Germany's strength, and  (hat the victory of the allies will be  organized, if it is not actually accomplished, before another winter has como  and gone.  Analysis   of   Nationality,    Occupation  and Religion of Recruits in the  100th Battalion, Winnipeg  Some very interesting recruiting figures are provided by Major G. .VI.  Reid, of Ihe 102th Battalion, Winnipeg  Grenadiers, a unit now being rapidly  organized for service overseas. These  facts and figures indicate that so far  as the One Hundredth is concerned the  majority of those enlisting continue to  be  Englishmen.    An analysis shows:  English   Canadians   Scotch   Irish   Others   The   "others"    include  Americans and New Zealandcrs.  That married men are still enlisting  in large numbers is shown by the fact  that  of several  hundred  men  whose  records were taken, 33%% were married man and about two-thirds of these  had families.  The ratio of rejections in  the One  Hundred is somewhat high, indicating  the strict standard maintained by the  battalion.    Slightly under 40%  of all  applying have been unable to pass the  doctor.    The desin. of these unfit in-  diyiduals to ,erve is commendable, but  on active service physical fitness is a  first essential.  Jt might also he mentioned that the  junior  element,  of      e  community is  displaying great keenness  to  take  a  hand  in  the  game.    Three  times  as  n:any drummers ami buglers have offered as the One Hundredth can use.  H is appropriate that the One Hundredth, raised by the well-known Winnipeg Grenadiers    and    essentially a  Winnipeg unit, should attract a high  proportion of Winnipeg men. But it is  particularly  -worthy  of  note  that  no  fewer than 5% of the total strength  so far are actual natives of the  being born in Winnipeg.  Under  the  heading  "Occupations,"  much interesting data, is  elicited.    A  careful analysis' reveals the following  varied classification and it is noticeable throughout the enlistments that  an exceptionally finel class _bfVmen -is  joining the 100th Battalion.  Former occupations of men enlisted  in the 100th Battalion:.    ���������  Skilled Mechanics ....... 6%  Farmers i.nd Ranchers.. .1S%  Clerk, Bank Clerks, Bookkeepers,  etc'   -1S%  Tradesmen .10%  Professional and Business  Men'  9%  Railway Employees   8%  Engineers       (civil      and  mechanical)     S%  Carpenters, Moulders, etc. 7%  Miscellaneous   '. lb'%  .Many and .varied occupations are  grouped together under the headings  "Professional and Business Men" and  "Miscellaneous." Some of the most  interesting are as follows. Stock brokers, railroad contractors, building contractors, commission brokers, school  masters, college students, accountants,  jewellers,, hankers, real estate agents,  grain buyers, artists, printers, stonecutters, miners, florists, gardeners,  moving picture operators.  It is interesting to'observe the var-j  ied entries under the heading-���������"Religious Denomination." The Church of'<  England leads-with almost half the I  battalion acknowledging that form of)  religious . faith. It is a coincidence!  that there is precisely the same pro-1  portion of Englishmen in. the batta-1  lion as of members of the Church of j  England, viz., -17%. The ratios are: i  Church of England. .47% |  Presbyterian    24% \  Methodist  ..14%  Roman   Catholic 10% '  Baptist   1%  Other   denominations 5%  -  The "Other Denominations" include  almost every known variety not omitting Christian Scientists and Plymouth  Brethren.  "Jle.may be a wealthy man,  am iiuite certain he is not worth  lion."  "Why so positive?''  "Me pays more than $10 for a suit of  clothes."  Tlie boss isn't  ing who he is.  round loudly proclaim-  WOMAN SUFFERAGE.  Its War Time Aspect.  London, Eng. The women of England  are doing their duty. They are taking  caro of the wounded, or if they cannot  assist in work of that kind thjy are adding  their savings to promote thogood work.  They are knitting and sewing for the  soldiers at the front. The s.ifl'ragists have  given so little trouble to the government  that it will undoubtedly soften the hearts  of those in Parliament-, since rhe "niili-  ] tan Is" have turned all their energies lo  I aid the lighting men of England, and  ! so sufferagc may soon come after this  ' terrible war is over.  Thousands of women in Canada have  overcome ' their sufferings, and have  been cured of woman's ills by Dr. Pierce's  Favorite Prescription. This temperance  medicine, though started nearly half a  century ago, sells most widely to-day,  because it is made Tuthout alcohol or  narcotics. It can now be had in taWc-t  form as well as liquid, and every woman  who suffers- from backache, headache,  nervousness, should take this "Prescription" of Dr. Pierce. It is prepared from  nature's roots and herbs and does not  contain a particle of alcohol or any narcotic. It's not a secret prescription for  its ingredients are printed on wrapper.  Many a woman is nervous and irritable, feels dragged down and worn out  for no reason that she can think of. In  ninety-nine per cent, of these cases it  is the womanly organism that requires  attention; the weak back, dizzy spells  and black circles about the eyes, are only  symptoms. Go to the source of trouble.  When that is corrected the other symptoms disappeaiv  St. Thomas, Ont.���������"I wish to say for  the benefit of other women who suffer  that I recommend Dr. Pierce's-Favorite  Prescription as a great help. I have  personally 'recommended the same to  many who in turn have been helped a  great deal by" its use."���������Mrs. F. J.  Bowden, 19 Oliver St., St. Thomas, Ont.  "The Drink or the Job"  Business of the country, more than  ever, is conforming to the new standard, "The Drink or the Job."  Let him protest, and ssek elsewhere  for employment, the worker is everywhere confronted with that requirement; there is no escape!  The want ad. columns of the daily  newspapers tell the same' story: ���������  "Wanted���������Sober, reliable men. No  others need appiy."  Time was when the drink went  hand-in-hand with the job���������easy, indulgent times of jolly good fellowship;  but business has come to realize that  there can "be-good fellowship on a  saner basis, and that to have all-round  good times there must be conformity  to a better business standard as .to  sobriety.  The.statesman must conform to that  standard; lie is no longer lightly referred to as having been "in his cups,"  his constituents do not condone that  any more. He, too, recognizes that it  is "The drink or the job."  The people of the populous cities���������  the town builders everywhere���������city  district and country district���������seem to  be getting in H112 with that proposition; and- because- of it. and their acceptance of its restrictions there are  better conditions everywhere���������money  in pocket and happiness ir. home.  It is coming to be "The drink or the  job" the world over."���������Atlanta Constitution.  tears  If the harem skirts aro to contribute to the emancipation of woman,  have pockets or not.  t     Granulated Eyelids,  gp Lyes inflamed by exposure  to Cold Winda and Dust  ftv%\ i������"B*/������ ^ qu'd'iy relieved by Murine  JIfUR tlCJEye Remedy. No Smarting-, juat Eye Comfort. At Your Druggista'  60c ner Bottle. MurineEyeSalvoinTubes 25c.  For Book of the Eye Vrco write  Murine Eye Remedy Company, Chicago  W. N. U. 1097  No Invasion of Canada  . However imperfect our own military  system may he, the United States government is sufficiently prepared in a  military way to squelch any attempt  to use this neutral soil as a base for  military attack on Canada. It is now  almost fifty years since another expedition, based on analogous lines,  attempted such an invasion. At that  time Canada was weak; thousands of  good fighting Irishmen had Just returned from the Civil War, and the  feeling in the. United States, even  among those hitherto well affected toward Englam,, was that, next to the  Confederacy, the worst foe ihe American Union faced was Great .Britain.  Uut with all these factors in its favor,  ihe Irish invasion of Canada scarcely  passed tho peri- of inception. The  Cerman invasion is unlikely to attain  even the nebulous ��������� stage.��������� Brooklyn  Times.  Fair Hostess (entertaining wounded  soldier)���������And so one Jack Johnson  buried you, and the next dug you up  again and landed you on the top of a  barn!    N'ow what were your feelings?  Tommy���������If you'll believe me, ma'am  I was never more surprised in all my  life.  Slow Bjit Sure  Victory for Allies  Allies Are Moving Little by Little to a  Successful    Conclusion     of  Hostilities  "The   success  so   far  attained  has  been due  to the indomnltable  spirit,  dogged tenacity which  knows no defeat, and the heroic courage so abundantly displayed by  the  rank and file  of tbe splendid army which it will ever  remain the prido and glory of iny life  to have commanded during over sixteen months of incessant.fighting." So  wriies Sir John Krenc.i iii the stirring  message in which he takes farewell of  the army in a ranee.   Sir-John is not of  opinion   thai   the great    qualities  to  which   he   bears   tribute    have   been  wasted on a profitless enterprise.    On  the contrary, he declares  his conviction  that a glorious ending to these  heroic and splendid efforts is not far  distant.   We hope these words will be  taken  as    more    than    conventional  rhetoric of-a farewell message.    They  remind   us  of an aspect  of the   war  which  is  forgotten   by the  impatient  spectator who has got into the habit  of talking and thinking as if the war  in the west were an interminable wait-,  ing in  trenches  with  no prospect of-  conclusion  or solution.    It is, on  the  contrary,  a  prolonged  and  unceasing  struggle   in   which   two   vast   armies  are perpetually at grips, in which for  many months the allies held on desperately against superior  forces,    m  which   for   many months   more   they  struggled for equality, and are now at  length  struggling for ascendency.    Tt  is a war in which the occasional battles  are  on   a  bigger- scale than   tho  greatest  recorded   in   history,   a   war'  which needs unceasing vigilance and  prolonged preparation for every movement. We get only occasional glimpse?  of its realities, but long after the event  we learn that a few lines, in a  daily  communique has conveyed the news of  a battle as big as Sedan, and  that a  single "quiet day" has been varied by  incidents of unsurpassed courage and  daring.    The popular habit of calling  this   warfare  "stalemate"   does   most  serious injustice to the armies and the  generals and   the governments  which  arc laboring to supply their needs. We  get a  superficial idea of apathy and  weariuess  when the reality is  incessant lighting, unrelaxed strain, feverish activity of attack, defence and preparation.    The belief that it is fruitless and endless Is an illusion of the  civilian.   The soldiers know by a thousand unrecorded signs  that they are  moving, little by little, to a conclusion  in which one r.rmy will prove definitely  stronger  than  the  other,  and   the  weaker be obliged1 to evacuate its positions.    They  know  that    there is  no  other way than that of the "indomitable spirit and dogged tenacity which  knows no defeat," and though the war  is long and weary and dangerous, it  is not from them that we get the cries  of  impatience  or dissatisfaction,   the  demand for new and sensational methods to cheer the public with announcements of victories on newspaper posters.���������Westminster Gazette;  Diseases Carried by Dogs  Every Dog Has His Day and Also Hit  Germs  ,.Dr. 2,1. c. Hall of the U.S. Bureau  of Animal Industry, , has just published a bulletin on parasites and  diseases carried by dogs, in which  he points out that the domestic  status of ihe dog has not yet been  Adapted to hygienic .requirements  of modern life, and declares.that tho  destruction of" -all superfluous dogs,  including those that are ownerless  or \yhose owners do not keep them  at'home and in a sanitary condition,  would mean an annual saving of  hundreds of human lives and an in-  crease of millions of dollars in the  wealth of the nation.  "He points out especially the danger of letting" dogs take too great  liberties with human beings; as, for  example, licking the baby's face op  the children's candy. Important diseases conveyed by dogs to man and;  the domestic animals include,, rabies,  hydatid, gid, muscular cysticercosis,  or so-called "measles," in shaep,  tapeworm in man and especially in  children, roundworm in man,- tongue-  worm in mail ana slock, etc.   ��������� -  THE  CHANGE  Maud duller on a summers day  Raked the'meadow sweet with hay.  But that was long ago, [ ween.  They rake it now with a machine,  And when the judge would ,take-a sip  The spring's in  Bill, the raker's, hip.  While travel broadens a man, it isn'|  necessarily fattening.  Pessimism is another name for indk  jestion.  British Railroads  Do Great Service  One  to the differ  receipts if  during war-  some of the  of   Finest   Feats  of  Organization  During War is Shown  Calculations just finished for the  first year of the war show that the  working of the British railroads is  probably the greatest feat of British  organization during the war. It cost  the government only the comparatively trifling sum of ten million dollars,  wherefor millions of British troops  were transported to all parts of the  country, while the regular'passenger  service scarcely showed any signs of  the outbreak of war.  All the railroads are under government control, and are worked by a  committee of managers, payment being calculated according  ence between the net  1013 and the receipts  time. Considering that  railroads carried occasionally flfly  troop trains in one day, as well as  supplying innumerable trains for military supplies ami material, the cost  to ihe government is amazingly  small. The low expense is only attributable to the extraordinary economical methods of the committee,  wno abolished all wasteful competition while maintaining adequate passenger service.  The success of the committee on  railroad management is bound to  lead to a strong agitation to nationalize the railroads after the war, and  the proposal is likely now to meet  with little opposition from the directors and shareholders.  The satisfaction of government officials and'the railroad managers over  the showing found a ready response  with the public. The British point  out that their railroad methods rival  Germany's vaunted system,( and that  the feat is all the more remarkable  because British lines were built with  an eye to peace purposes, while the  German network of lines always has  had military advantage in view.  FORTKS^ KIDNEYS  Why They're Bought  "I can certainly say the -Giti Pill?  have done a lot of good for me.  Some four years ago! could not walfc  up stairs, my feet and ankles were so)  swollen, but I took three boxes of Gin  Pills and the trouble has never returned..  My mother, 82 years of age,- is taking'  them and feels fine.  : MRS.J.B. SALSBTJRY, \  Camden East."  GIN PILLS are 50c. a box, or 6 boxes  for #2.50 at all druggists. Sample sent  free if requested. 20  National Drug & Chemical Co. of  -    Canada, Limited, Toronto.  that when constipation, biliousness or  indigestion is neglected, it may-cause  a serious illness. Act upon the first  symptom���������keep your digestive, organs  in good order by the timely use of  Largest Sale of Any Medicine in the WorliJ.  Sold everywhere.   ,In boxes. 25 cents.  LITTLE  THINGS COUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  ii  Youth is full ci CCu^tieiice, salth the  cynic, until it finds that life is a confidence game.  are made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." \ 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  All Eddy products arc dependable products���������Always., V  <1 /  i    1  'i    \������;  <  J,;)  m  HE    SUN.    GUAM)'  ,FOIUvS.    B.  c  alee ihe Liver  Nme times in ten when trie liver is 'right the  stomach and bowels are right  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  gently but fitmly compel a lazy liver to  do iis duty  Cures Con  etipafcion,  Indices  tion,.  Skk  Headache, and Distress after Eating,  | Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price  Genuine must bear Signature  Remarkable Heroism of Italian Airman  Details now made public concerning  the recent Italian.air raid on Laibacu  reveal the-heroism of Capt. Salomone,  pilot of one of tlie Italian aeroplanes.  On his return journey Capt. Salo-  mone's machine was attacked by five  Austrian Fokkers. He was severely  wounded in the head and temporarily  blinded by blood, while two other  officers aboard the aeroplane, one of  whom was Lieut.-Col. Barbieri, ,wcre  killed outright.  Despite the difficulty of steering,  the bodies of his dead comrades having fallen over the. levers, Salomone  refused to surrender. He succeeded  in returning and lauded at Talman-  ova.  Salomone Is now recovering in a  hospital. A medal has..been awarded  to him for valor.  are high-class, well-made, and perfect  fitting. All ordered clothing made to  measure. Agents wanted in every town  The Clifton Tailors, Limited  20 Hayter St., Toronto, Ont.  Spurgeon was onco asked if- he  thought that a mar. who learned fo  play tho cornet ou tho Sabbath day  would go io heaven.  'The reply of tlie groat preacher was  characteristic.  "I don't see why he should not,"  he answered, "but I doubt very-much  If tho man who lives next- door will."  A eqfe, reliable repvlatinff  medicine. Bold ia thrco do-,  greea of strength. No. 1,  Jl; No. 2, $3; No. 3, %S  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Free  pamphlet.    Address:  THE! COOK MED5C3SJE CoJ  mOBTQ. MIT. (Farad; Wis tut j  Write for booklet and tontlinonlals.  10.daw pkgs. Blackleg Pills $1.00  50-dose pkga. Blackleg Pills   -4.00  Uss any Injector, but Cutter'a boat.  STio tuswrlorliy of Cuttor products la duo to oeer IS  fcan tit iDtcUlirfng In vaoclim and serums only.  Ia������!it en Cuttor'e.   If unobtainable, order direct.  THE  CUTTER   LABORATORY,   Borkclcy,  California,  Lame Back Strengthened,  tiffness Taken Right Out  Mouth   Organs'Come  Back  ��������� The  plaintive melody of the  .Tow's  harp and the wild free syncopation of  the harmonica will mingle in the London airsiiafts.  Old-fashioned melodies from penny  .piccolos will lull London to sleep and  the town will v/ako up to rags blared  out on jitney mouth-organs.  Musical instruments that" cost more  than a shilling are now viewed as  luxuries and as such to be foresworn  during the war.  Those costing less than a shilling  aro In royal favor.  A Royal proclamation published in  the London Gazette announces that  mouth-organs and musical instruments  the value of which does not exceed a  shilling iire exempt from import duty.'  Engineers' hand tools as motor  car accessories are put in' the same  class.  Bovril   makes   other    foods  nourish you.   It has a Bodybuilding power proved equal'  to from 10 to  20 times the  amount   of    Bovril    taken.  Was Relieved in an Hour,  "and Cured Over Night  Al lame back? Quito unnecessary.  All you have to do is to rub on Nerviline. It's simply a wonder for backache���������relieves after one rubbing. "Nothing possibly could cure an aching  back faster than Nerviline," -writes  Mrs. Arthur Kobar, of Lower Chelsea, N.S. "1 caught cold and was so  prostrated with pain.I could not bend  over.    We  always  have Nerviline at  LOSSES   SURELY  PREVENTED  by Cutter"!! Blaskles Pill!. Low-  priced, fresh, rcllibio; preferred by  Western stockmen bocauso thoy pro-  U?Htu)arti,?a,r.nHV,,Ki!l'l���������fflithPme,' and I had the painful region  Church service Avas over, and three  prominent members of the congregation walked home together, discussing  the sermon.  "I tell you," said the first, enthusiastically, "Dr. Blank can certainly  dive deeper into the truth than any  preacher I ever heard."  "Y-es," said the second man, "and  he can stay under longer."   .  "Yes," said the third, "and come up  drier."���������Windsor Magazine.  We have been using MINARD'S LINIMENT in our home for a number of  years and use no other Liniment but  MINARD'S, and we and recommend  it'highly for sprains, bruises, pains or  tightness of the chest, soreness of the  throat, headache or anything of that  sort. Wo will not be without it one  single day, for -we get a now bottlo  before the other is all used. I can recommend it Highly to anyone.  JOHN WAKEFIELD,  ] LaHave Islands, Lunenburg Co.,  N.S.  Aro you a sufferer? Know-  that terrible aching, dragglng-  down pain, that robs you of  pleasure, even of rest, and makes  life miserable? Don't you bcllevo  in the law of average? If a remedy  has cured hundreds of people, don't  you think it likely it might at leaai  cure you? n  Just give Zam-Buk u fair trial!  Mr.,J. McEwcn, of Dundas, suffered from piles for fifteen years.  He says: "I tried pretty nearly  everything, but got no perm'anent  relief until I tried Zam-Buk. Thla  balm relieved the pain; continued  use completely and ���������permanently  cured me." ���������  The rich herbal essences of which  Zam-Buk is composed, quickly remove congestion, relieve the dull,  gnawing, burning pain, and cure.  All druggists and stores,,or.postpaid from Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,  lor price, 50c. box, 3 boxes $1.25.  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Wit. No2. Nc3.  THERAPION Sft'M:  (jreit SUCCESS, CURES ClIHONiC WKAK^ESS.LOST VIGOR  & VIM KIDNEY. BLADDER DISEASES. BLOOD TOISON,  ULES EITHER NO DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CTS  FOUGERACO. S6. SEEKMANSr NEW YOSKorLVMAN nitOS  TORONTO     WHITE FOR FREE DOOK TO DK. LE CLCKC  Med Co HAVHRSTOCKRD.llAMPSTi'.An. London. Emo,  IBVNEWDHAGEEITASTF.I.ESSlFOltMOF   j.-ASV T0 TAKX  THERAPION ������Sf.n?.Doo������.  ��������� EE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD "THKKAPION IS OX  B*ir GOVT JT4M? APHXSO TO ALl GENUINE S-ACKET3.  SELLING   AGENTS   WANTED  In   every :'town   in Canada   to    sell  "Sterling Clothes'" to measure.    They  are:absolutely guaranteed.   "Write for  particulars.  STERLING TAILORING CO.,  635 College Street - Toronto  "The Drink or the Job"  Business of the country, more than  ever, is conforming to the new standard, "The Drink or the Job."  Let him protest, and seek elsewhere  for employment, the worker is everywhere confronted with that requirement; there is no escape!  The want ad. columns of the daily  newspapers tell the same story:���������-  "Wanted���������Sober, reliable men. ' No  others need apply."  Time was when the drink went  hand-in-hand with the job���������easy, indulgent ^.times of'jolly good fellowship;  but business has come to realize that  there can be good fellowship on a  Baner .basis, and that to have all-round  good times -there must be "conformity  to a better business standard as to  Bobriety.  The statesman must conform to that  atandard; he is no longer, lightly referred to as having been "in his cups,"  his constituents do not condone that  any more'^ He, too, recognizes that it  is "The drink or the job." ���������  -The people of the populous cities���������  the town builders everywhere���������city  district and country district���������seem to  do getting in lin3 witlv that proposition; and because of it and their acceptance of its restrictions there are  better conditions everywhere���������money  In pocket and happiness jr. home.  It is coming to be "The drink or the  Job" the world over."���������Atlanta Constitution.  rubbed thoroughly with this grand  liniment. At once the pain departed.  The lameness was rapidly reduced and  in an hour I was able to be about my!  housework. I was rubbed again just  before retiring, and awoke as usual in  the morning without a sign of my  back   trouble."  - There is no sort of muscular pain  that Nerviline won't cure quickly.  Thousands swear by it for rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica and lumbago.  It sinks to the core of the pain���������right  through muscle; tissua and nerve���������it  penetrates where no oily, greasy liniment .can go and invariably cures  quickly. If you have an ache or "a  pain anywhere���������use Nerviline���������it will  cure you. Family size bottle, very  large, 00c; trial size 25c at all dealers.  Mrs. Youngwedd (a doctor's daughter)���������Did papa say he would do anything for you?  Youngwedd���������Yes; be said he would  operate upon me at any time free of  charge.  A Simple and Cheap Medicine���������A  simple, cheap and, effective medicine  is something to be desired. There is  no medicine so effective a regulator of  the digestive system as Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills. They are simple,  they are cheap, they.can be got anywhere, and their beneficial action will  prove their recommendation. They are  the medicine of the poor man and  those -who wish to escape doctors'  bills will do well in giving them a  trial. ���������  Externally or Internally, It Is Good.  ���������When applied externally by brisk  rubbing, Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil  opens the pores and penetrates the  tissue as few liniments do, touching  the seat of the trouble, and immediately affording relief. Administered  internally, it will still the irritation in  the throat which induces coughing and  will cure affections of the bronchial  tubes and respiratory organs. Try it  and be convinced.  . Much of the original sin to bo observed about us doesn't ��������� show many  signs  or originality.  Nervous     Country   (Jent'.oinan   (as  taxi Just misses pedestrian;���������Do drive '  carefully, please. "I'm not accustomed  to taxis.  Driver���������That's funny! I ain't used  to 'em, neither. As a matter o' fact  I've only taken this on for a bet.���������  Punch.  Praises This Asthma Remedy.���������A  grateful user of Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy finds it the only-remedy  that will give relief, though for thirteen years he had sought other help.  Years'- of needless suffering may be  prevented by using this wonderful  remedy at the first warning of trouble.  Its use is simple, its cost is slight and  it can be purchased almost anywhere.  Irrigation is  more   profitable  when  applied .to the soil than to the throat.  It was the recreation hour at school.  "Tommy," said the teacher pleasantly,  {"do you  know 'How Doth  die Little  I Busy Bee?'"  j     "'No, ma'am," said Tommy. "But you  i botcher life I know he doth it."  How to Read the Newspaper  How many undergraduates are there  who can trace clearly and concisely  even without going much into detail,  the main developments in the war?  How many can talk Intelligently on  European relations during the war and  produce any real facts to back up their  statements'? How many have at their  tongues' end much other important and  useful information? With the college  man the remedy for his lack of perspective is.not more time spent with  the newspaper, but the application to  hia newspaper reading of the same'  principles lie applies to reading ,dono  in connection with a college course���������  memorizing important facts, and continual co-ordination of events.���������McGill  Daily.  Minard's   Liniment   for   sale   everywhere.  A llo will travel faster than the  truth, but it will not bo the first lo  arrive at the destinat! fi, because it  must double on its tracks so often.  First Frau���������My poor boy Fritz is  having a dreadful time. He Is with  the army in Russia.  Second Frau���������And what about you  other boy, Hans?  First Frau���������Oh, he's all right. He's  In tho navy.���������Bystander.  War's Link of Brotherhood  There has never, .in the history df>  the" Britsli empire, been a time when  barriers of all kinds, as between man  and'man, have been so broken down  as now. Never was the feeling of  brotherhood so strong. It is only those,  who are worthless to the community  who do not feel this and who deny the  common brotherhood of the world.  Every soldier who fights, fights for us  all. Every victory is ours. Every  wounded man, every soldier's funeral,  all ours. It is for us then to see, after  the war is over, that this link of  brotherhood is not broken.���������Royal  Gazette, Bermuda.  mmjMwsstsmsmmmm^  W&if9  Fa nasal breathing  impaired? Does  your throat get  husky or clogged?  , Modem ecience proves  that thou������ symptoms result from run-down health,  SnuSij and vapors are irri-  taUntf ������nd U8o!o33.  Tho oJWood In Scott'o Emalnion W  will enrich and enliven the blood,  aid nutrition and assist nature to  Check tho inflammation and  heal tho sensitive membranes.  ?Shan Alcoholic mixture*  and insist upon SCOTT'S.  An Excellent Remedy  For the Children  Mrs. Laura Jackson, Brantford, Ont.,  writes: "I have found Baby's Own  Tablets such an excellent remedy for  children that I have no hesitation in  recommending them to all mothers."  Thousands of mothers say the same  thing concerning the Tablets. Once a  mother has used them she would use  nothing else. They are for sale at all  druggists or by mail at 25 cents a box  from the Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockvllle, Ont.  "No, suh,'" said Mr. Erastus Pinkley  from behind the bars of the village  lockup. "Ah wouldn't 'a' got into no  trouble wit de constable, suh, of it  hadn't ben fo' wimmen's lub ob dress."  "What on earth has dress got to do  with it?" asked the amazed visitor.  "Well, suh, ray wimmen folks, dey  wasn't satisfied wif ealin' dat chicken. Dey had to go an' put do fedders  on deir hats an' p'rade 'em as circumstantial   ebiden.ee."  W. N. U. 1097  Minard's   Liniment  Cures  Dandruff,  Uncle Mose was making a great fuss  while trying to round up a lot of hens  and roosters that had escaped from  their pen in his back yard.  "Why all tho excitementV" asked a  good natured passer-by.  "Ah want to git 'em all back in  right  away,"  explained  Uncle   Mose.  "Bui. why not wait until evening?  Chickens come homo to roost."  "Yes," replied Uncle Mose, with a  grin, "an' dey goes home, too."  j\Ir. "Wm. Parker, 105 Cayuga street, Brantford, Ont., tells in the following letter of  his remarkable experience with Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills :���������"My doctor treated  me for some time for Sciatica, Rheumafism, Lumbago, but to no purpose, for I had to lay  off work. The visiting officer of Sick Benefit called to see me and advised the use of Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills, stating that he had been cured of the same trouble by their  use. I asked' the druggist about them and lie recommended them highly. Not being  satisfied with this, I went back to my doctor, and when he said they were good 1 began  their use. The promptness) with which they enlivened the action of the kidneys and  bowels was wonderful, and it was not long before I was rid of all my trouble. I had  awful, sharp pains in the lower part of my back and left hip. and was so bad that I  could only walk by hanging on to a chair or the wall. My wifo had to lace my shoes.  Only those who have had this ailment can realize the way I suffered. I am writing  this-letter to let people who have my trouble know of these pills. You are at liberty to  use this letter, and if-anyonc interested will call or write to me I will give every detail."  When you Lave pains and aches put Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills  to the test. By enlivening the action of liver, kidneys and bowels they  cleanse the system of all poisons, and thereby remove tho cause of rheumatism, lumbago and other painful diseases.  One pill a dose. 25 cents a bo.v, all dealers, or Edmansoii, Bates & Co., Ltd., Toronto.  Hocipe Book, 1,  ipes, Kent froo, If you mention this paper, THE   SUN,    3RAND   FORKS,   B. 0.  ate  Fault;  not, we will fraclkly tell you so  will run cor-  eotiy. A. D, MORRISON  S  Does your watch run  correctly? If you experience any difficulty with it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a moderate cost. If it does  A watch repaired by us  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS, B. C.  G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)     1.50  Address all communications to  Tjik'Gka.vd Forks Sun,  Tuoxk R74' .     ' Ukand Forks, B. C.  FRIDAY, MAY 5, 1916  The investigation now being carried  on   at  A'Tictoria  into   the  alleged frauds in the Vancouver by-election has  the appearance  of a  Tory "frame-up."    It would not surprise us if,  when the inside history of the case eventually  becomes known, it should transpire  that  the  scheme  was  hatched   by a member of parliament  while travelling from   Grand.Forks to  ���������Victoria.    We  can  not yet believe that any  party���������excepting, of course, the party that circulated a forged telegram on the eve a federal  election���������could have been mixed up in such a  dirty transaction as has been   revealed   before  investigating commission.    The witnesses are  thugs, hoboes and jailbirds from  Seattle, and  it  is  a reasonable conjecture that they would  feel as little compunction in committing perjury  as they had in casting illegal votes.   It will be  wise to reserve judgment in this matter  until  all ihe facts appear on the surface.  election  that his  The first witness in the Vancouver  investigation last Friday admitted  name was not Kelly. He admitted that he  lied, and yet was promised immunity from  prosecution. He appealed to Chairman Neil  JVlacKay to make good the promise that had  been made to him that he would be "protected." Even men favoring the govern me*" t were  surprised at the glib way the man gave evidence and also at the way in which Mr. Mac-  Kay protected him from embarrassing questions and blocked the cross examingation. It  was brought out, too, that Kelly had rehearsed his evidence before Bullock Webster,  a solicitor of Victoria.  The political atmosphere of Canada is far  from being pure. ��������� From the Atlantic to the  Pacific the public press teem with accusations  of graft, and in nearly every province, as well  as in the federal parliament, royal commissions are investigating charges of graft and  maladministration.' This is a lamentable  state of affairs, and if a cure is not found conditions will soon become unbearable in this  country. Perhaps the most effective means  of purifying public life would be for the better class of'our people, who now hold themselves aloof from mixing [n politics, to take a  deeper interest in the administrative affairs of  the nation. This could not help but prove beneficial. It might also bo a good plan to keep  second and third-rate lawyers out of office.  At home they prey on the public by legal and  illegal means, and when they get into office  they naturally suppose that they are entitled  to everything in sight. Keep them at home  and there will be fewer scandals in official life,  and the public service of Canada will be raised  to a higher plane.  THt CLARION CALL  Last year Canada responded magnificently  to the call of the empire. The soil was cultivated to its utmost limit, with the result that  a beoitntif'ul harvest was reaped. Boys and  girls united with their parents in showing the  good will and the proud national spirit that  they possessed. They bent their energies towards making the laud produce all that it was  capable of doing.    The times were not.financially good and bitter experience had been had  with crop failure in the previous year. ' Nothing  daunted  they  went  to werk with determined will and persistence, and- they  reaped  where they had sown.    When the crops were  gathered granaries  wore  full  to overflowing.  Canada had cause for  the  celebration of the  greatest,  most intense, most earnest thanksgiving she had ever known.    That there was  no unmindfulness of the source from which all  blessings flow was shown in'action as well as  in words.    Patriotic gifts came from many directions in many ways.    The women- worked  with  life and  love.    They gave the fruits of  their labors  and   they gave  their offspring.  The men devoted their acres and their services  to the cause of the  empire.    Bo}7s  and girls  cultivated  what  they  termed  war-plots, the  yield from which went  towards filling the exchequer of patriotism.    There were  slackers  then, there were  Scrooges then, there are the  same elements  today, but  the evidences  of  sympathy far overshadowed  the  discordance  and  such a  front  of union was displayed as  commanded tho respect and admiration of the  world.  This year there must be no backing up.  Even the unwilling of .last year, the Scrooges  and the men and women who put personal  profit before love of country, must, if possible,  be brought into line. The situation, is more  intense than it was. There is more suffering,  there are more widows and orphans, and there  are twice as many men on the fighting line  and under arms. As the '"ar progresses the  slaughter becomes greater, more shipping and  more property ar.e rutelessly destroyed, and  the cry for help is keener. Were it not for  the British navy our allegiance would cost us  dear. Were it not for .the united armies and  for the organization for protection from assassins, traitors and incendiaries that exist in our  own land, we should be at the mercy of the  same cruel and barbarous forces that have  overrun and laid waste Belgium, Poland and  Serbia. We should be taxed beyond all bearing. We might even practically be slaves,  working not for'ourselves, but for tyrannical  taxmasters, for men compared with whom,  judging from some oi their actions, Legree,  the. novelist's type of a brutal, cruel slave-  driver, was, in deeds of villainy and harshness,  no worst;.  The future of the empire rested in a large  measure with Canada at the beginning. It  rests with- us to a greater extent now. We  have increased our responsibilty. We have  voluntarily added to the weight of our share  ofthe titanic burden. We must bear the self-  imposed load cheerfully and generously. We  must show our worthiness of the trust assumed, We must prove our appreciation "of  the high and honorable partnership into which  we have entered. We must do all this,  and we must/perform our tasks with, if at all  possible, increasQtl zealousness. To halt or  pause would be fatal. Our works of charity  must continue to the full *ind be added to.  Our eye, not only on the present but also on  the future, must never hesitate or waver.  When peace comes our granaries and our  stalls must be full.  Today we are called upon to do our share  of the fighting,to care for the sick and weund-  ed, to honor the dead and to admire the living hero���������and they are all heroes who go forth  ���������tomorrow we may be summoned to replenish the earth, to help in the arts of peace, and  to do all we can to assist in repairing the terrible ravages of a war tha has taken on such  proportions in magnitude and savagery that  even Armagedden is scarcely thought a fitting  descriptive term. In short, it is our duty to  be prepared for any and every eventuality,  both present and future. At war, we are yet  not at war. We can plough, sow and reap  and tend our fiocks and herds undisturbed by  the thunder of artillery. We can carry on our  industriss without let or hindrance. We can  win glory on the battlefield, or we can live our  own lives amid peace and plenty. All that is  demanded is remembrance of our country and  truth   to ourselves.    That  is the clarion call.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all tlie intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys.    No other Boundary paper can  advertisers this guarantee  give  NOTICE TO FARMERS  Before buying your GARDEN  GRASS  Or FIELD GRAIN don't fail to see us.  We can save you money"  E. C. HENNIGERj  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.-  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 arid receive prompt and courteous  attention.  In your favor is good printing,  it starts things off in your favor.  PeopSe read your arguments,  reasons, conclusionsV when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GQOD PRINTING because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you# It's a certainty that  we can save you money, too.  SEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  fc. Gait Coal  Lour  ���������N.  Off  Office!  F. Downey's lilgar Store  Ffrst Street  Ti;ijKrnoNKH;  Office, K(>6  [IaNSK.n'.S KKSiriENf.'K, KM  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model livery Barn  W. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  John W'anamaker says in Judicious I  Advertising:     "Advertising    doesn't  jerk; it. pulls.     It bet:ins   very gently  at first, but the pull is steady.     It in- . _.    .  creases flay by day and year   by year,   entire year.   It IS the brightest  until it exerts an irresistible   jio "er."   paper in the Boundary COU itl'Y  Pays for The  Sun  for   an  ���������i >v>  i'A  THE   SUN,   GRAND   PORKS,   B. C.  A  '  ���������"   /   7  i i  New  Agrictltural War Book  The Agricultural War Book for  1916, entitled ''Production and  Thrift," and having for its particular text,      v  In War Time  Produce more;and save more,  Make'your labor efficient,  Save materials from wante",  Spend your money wisely,  consirts of 250 valuable and instruc  tive  pages.-- Opening with   a brief  address to tbe farmers of Canada by  Hon. Martin Burrell, federal   minister of agriculture, under   whose   di-  r-ction   the book   has   been issued,  followed by extracts from the budget  speach of Sir Thomas White,finance  minister  of  the   Dominion, and an  article bearing upon the national income and expenditure of the United  Kingdom, there ensue conirinutions  from over seventy expert authorise  on different branches of agriculture,  in ludihg the compiler and editor of  toe work, the federal comissioner of  ag iculture and the commissioner of  live stock and dairy  products of. the  Djminion,   the director  of experimental farms/ chiefs and  sub-chiefs  of departments of agriculture of   all  the provinces and a number ol  pro  feasors at   tbe different agricultural  colleges     A vast deal of general   io  formation, statistical and otherwise,  covering   various   countries as   well  as   Canadii,   is  given   along with a  -large fund of sound advice and counsel bearing   in   particular   upon tbe  . subjects ernbraeed in the   title.    Although   primarily   devoted    to agri  culture, there is much    matter  that  the   general   citizen    will    find   of  interest.    Among  other  things   he  will be rather surprised to learn that  whfeat in 1801 was $3.47 a bushel in  Britain, while last year it was   only  SI 61,   the   latter,   however,   being  nearly twiee as much as   the  lowest  point reached, which was  in   1894,  when the price vvas 68  cents.    For  the fiist fifteen years of this century  the   average   price   of   wheat    per  bushel   in |Britain    was> 98   cents,  whereas in  the first  fifteen years of  the nineteenth century   the   average  was something like $2 66  of different foods are set forth in  company with a deal of excellent  advice on the practice and results ot  thrift. 'Marketing is dealt with, and  sections of thn book are devoted,  among other subjects, to economy  in the home, patriotic purchasing,  women and the war, the call to the  colors,- patriotic relief work, and  education and the war.  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OS INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Fiction is falsehood in a gilt frame  The Sun, at $1 a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  Yale  Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  Time it!    In five minutes all stomach distress will go.    No indigestion,  ��������� heartburn,   sourness   or   belching   of  .gas, acH, or eructations of undigested  . food,    no    dizziness,    bloating,    foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  'speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach rem-  ;edy in the whole world and besides it.  is harmless. Put an end to.stomach  trouble forever by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia' or any  stomach disorder.- It's the quickest  surest and most harmless stomacr  doctor in the world.  Tbe Sun  is the ' largest and   best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is   only   one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its   large, subscription   list  has been  obtained,   and    is   maintained,   merely on its" merits  as a  newspaper.    It uses  no indirect  or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  P. A.  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  ENGLISH  HOW TO DSE IT  Josephine Turck Baker, Editor.  A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For Progressive Men and Women,  Business and Professional; Club  Women, Teachers, Students, Ministers, Doctors, Lawyers, Stenographers, and for all who wish to  Speak and Write Correct English.  PARTIAL LIST OF CONTENTS  Your  Every Day   "Vocabulary���������How  to enlarge it.  Words,  Uses  trative sentences.  Helps for Speakers.  Helps for Writers  Helps for Teachers.  Business English for the Business Man  Correct English for the Beginner.  Corract English for the Advanced Pu-  Shall and Will:   How to   Use  Them.  Should and Would: How to Use Them  Their   Meanings   and   Their  -Pronunciations    with   illus-  While crop production, occupies a  lirge space, live stock comes..in  for, SamPle CcW J9������-   Subsc,,iPtion P'''^  a large  share   of   at ention, horse's j  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made  to Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPBG AVENUE  THE  ,c ttle, sheep, s*vine and poultry all  being learnedly dealt with along  with dairy products aud special  crops, such as sugar, sugar beets,  honey, maple products, flax, fruit,  vegetables and tobacco. In short, no  I ranch of agriculture is overlooked  The nutritive and commercial-values  S2 00 a Year.  Evanston, Illinois.  Lady Barber  m  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  P.BURNS(^CO.  Dealers in  Fresti and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our oMotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen, cTWanager  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders   throughout  the   world   to  .communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS.& DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being- a complete commercial 'guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contaius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign-Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading; Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  2o, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  Get "More Money*' for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected io your section  SHIP YOIIU FURS DIRECT to "SIIUHEnT"the largest  house in the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible-safe Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a lonj? successful record of sending Fur Shippers prompt, SATISFACTORY  AND PKOFITAHLK returns. Write for"Zht &f;ubtrt j&lilpptr,"  the only reliable, wvurnte nuirket report and price list published.  Wrlle for it-NOV-lCn FREE  AR   CJJ if Tp>E*PT   Xnr   25-27'VEST AUSTIN AVE.  . ]->. onuiSE.Ki, inc. Dcp,C87 Chicago,u.s.a.  niHIBiMiMiHiliiirrri H HIM II ilPI|Trrrm~im~n  ^mx^Mmmmu^mmmmmammmam^^mmmmm^am  At the Head  The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read by ihe head of  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK   your   repairs  to  Armsoti,  shop   re  pnlrer.     The   Hub.    Look  for   the   Hig  Boot  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  U IGHKHT CASH PRICES paid for old .Slow*  II    nnd    Ranges,     h.  C.   PneUliiim,    ."round-  and Slorn.  Assuring Your  usmess  A policy of advertising is a  policy- of life assurance, and the  protectiion thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some; of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New customers to this com:-,  munity will shop with you���������  become "regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  TO THE  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods ana the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to'sLop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience,  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop  aJ^ffiriadriawswmiriit&iA^^ THE. SUN,    GItAND   POKES,   B, C  Catarrhal  Fever  Pink  Eye, Shipping  Fever, Epizootic  And all diseases oi the 'horso aft'cclins his throat speedily  cured; colts and horses in same stable kept from having  them by usiiiff Spohn's Distemper Compound, 3 to C doses  often cure: one bottle guaranteed to euro one case. Safe  for brood mares, baby colts, stallions, all ages and conditions. Moat skillful scientific compound. .Sold by the  bottle or do/.eti. Any druggist or delivered by maiuifac-.  Hirers.  SPOHN   MEDICAL   CO.,   Goshen,   Ind.,   U.S.A.  Disfigured Soldiers  X  Have Faces Eemade  A pure, unsweetened, cooking chocolate. Easily-  melted and mixed, containing that rich chocolate  flavor that can only be obtained fr,om the nnest  and most expensive cocoa beans. For years the  most satisfactory cooking chocolate in Canada.  Sold everywhere. Made in Canada.  MininEJiMMnniMiii  Dellciouu  Sane Mange  "LIIA" WHITE" Is  a pure white Corn  Syrup��������� more delicate in Uavor than  ''Crozt'H Brand'',  I'erliaps you would  preicr it.  Hai'j you never tried "Crown Brand"' with  Blanc Mange an:"t other Com Starcli Puddings?  They seem to blend pericct'iy���������eacb improves  the oilier���������together, "they make simple, inexpensive desserts, that everyone says arc  "simply delicious",  EDWARDSBURQ  V  CORN SYRUP  is ready to serve over all kinds c.Jt Puddings���������-  makes a-uevr and attractive disli oi such an old  favorite as Bated'Apples���������is tar cheaper than  butter or preserves when spread ou bread���������and  is best ior Candy-making.  ASK YOUa CSOC2B ��������� SN  2. 5. 10  AND 20  ������.������. TINS.  ^THE CANADA STARCH CO., LEMITED  Bead Office   -  Montreal  EgiiPiini.^^  Noted British Sculptor is Putting  His  .Genius to Unique Use  Derwcnt Wood, tlie distinguished  British sculptor, who enlisted as a private in tho Army Medical Corps at the  beginning of the war, Is now turning  his talent to a unique use. All his leisure time is at present employed in replacing tho parts of iflen's faces destroyed by wounds in battle. These  include moutli3, jaws, and even eyelids, all of which ho has made lo move  naturally.  fie lias ju&t finished remaking a  noae for a soldier which was blown  away below the bridge. liis addition, which he prepared of electrically-treated metal, is so perfect, that  where it !s joined is absolutely imperceptible, and His patient has regained his sense of smell.  Wood is now giving up most of his  time to this work, and is able to treat  ten cases daily. Surgeons  who never  "England's Public Record Offices  Twenty-five  Miles   of  Shelves  of Historical Records.  Full  Unknown to tho millions who pass  IU Liter's Worm Powders can do no  injury to the mo^t delicate child. Any  child, Infant, or-in the state of adoles-  ence, who is infested with worms can  take this preparation without a qualm  of the stomach, and will Unci iu it a  sure relief and a full protection from  these destructive pests, which are responsible for much sickness and great  suffering  to  legions  of little  ones.  Des Moines and Booze  Sells Land in. Arctic  Economy Campaign Starts in Britain  The National Organizing Committee  on War Savings, has issued an appeal  to all employers of domestic servants  in largo houses to drastically reduce  their staffs and close part of their  houses.  The  committee    also    urged    that  Government Disposes of 20  Acres  on  Bylot  Island to Gold  Syndicate  The Dominion government is doing  some real estate business in .the Arctic seas.   It has sold for one dollar per  acre some twenty acres of laud on ! .simpler meals be served, and" that gar-  Bylot Island in Baffin Bay, in north den luxuries, especially from hot-  latitude 72 degrees, 53 minutes, to the houses, be sacrificed in order to save  Arctic Gold Exploration Syndicate, j money and release domestic labor  Ltd.,    of  Toronto.    The   laud  i3, .of J for more useful-purposes. -  course, yet'unsurveyed, and the sale j  :  is subject to the proviso that the surveyor-general may later determine the  boundaries. Apparently the syndicate  has  found  traces of gold in  the  far  A   Year   Without   Saloons     the   Most  Prosperous in the History of the  / City  After going a year without saloons  the city, of Des Moines makes this report through the Register and Leader:  "One year ago today; the eighty-  six saloons of Des Moine3 closed  their doors, and there are few men  in touch with the affairs of the city  who are not ready to say that the  past year has been tiie best, most  ��������� prosperous and most orderly in the  history of Des Moines.  "Des Moines does not need to rely  on general impressions, however. The  record of bank clearances is sufficient proof of a new high record in  business prosperity. Police and county  records show a 50 per cent, decrease  in -crime and disorder. A walkthrough the business district reveals  the absence of untenanted "store  rooms. Tho demand for houses,  coupled with, extensive building operations, demonstrates the continued  growth of Des Moines.  "Other cities of. Iowa, can logically  expect to duplicate tho record made  in Des Moines, both as to the condition of the city and the-growth'of  public sentiment, favorable to the  closing of the saloons. Unless the  confused state of polities turns the  control of law enforcement agencies  to unfriendly hands, recognition of  the improved condition of affairs  will be universal before .many  months have passed."���������Nebraska  State Journal.  on for a number of years. -In this office, thero ��������� aro twenty-five miles of  shelves,' all full of historical material,-  going back through the centuries as  far as "Domesday Book." ' -    ���������  It costs over ������2G,000 a year to keep  up the record office, tho keeper of the  records being the master of,the rolls.  The office was established by the public records act in 1838, and the records were taken 'thero from the lower,  the chapter house, Westminster, the  rolls chapel, and elsewhere. Ever  since that time the office has been  constantly   receiving  accretion   from  tho law courts, the government departments, aud from various oLhor  quarters.  All sorts of records aro kept, legal,  historical, "genealogical, statistical,  and so varied <ire the contents of the  office that antiquarian research of almost every kind oan be made. There  'you will find tho records of the star  chamber and tho old wards and liveries. State papers, domestic, colonial,  and foreign, formerly preserved in tha  state paper offico in Whitehall; are '  also to be seen there. . Usually fifty or.  sixty students are seen working In tha  record office every day, aud at any  time there is the fascinating thought  that one of them may make some interesting historical discovery.���������London Tit-Bits.  Rest and a Tonic is the Proper Treatment Distinguished  Pvledical Authority Says.  There is a form of neurasthenia that [danger of relapse until your blood Is  follows la-   grippe.    Doctors    call   :t I ku|lc "P-  "post-grippal" neurasthenia.  One of the foremost medical authorities of New York city in a lecture in  the international clinics, said:  "Broadly speaking, every victim of  la grippe will suffer from post-grippal neurasthenia also. Lowering of nervous tono with increased irritability  is the most striking effect of the disease, langour of mind aud body, disturbed, fitful sleep and vague pains iu  the head and elsewhere. The treatment calls for rest and a "tonic."  If you have had la grippe read those  symptoms again: "Langour of mind  and body, disturbed, fitful sleep and  vague pains in the head and elsewhere." If you have any or all of  them it means that you are still suffering from the effects of la grippe and  that you will not be well and free from  The treatment, says the distinguished physician, quoted above, is rest anS  a tonic. Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, a  non-alcoholic tonic, are particularly  -suited for building up the blood and  strengthening tho nerves after an attack of grippe. Tho rich, red blood expels the lingering germs from the system and transforms despondent grippo  victims into cheerful, healthy, happy-  men and women.  If you have had la grippe do not  wait for a relapse or tor the neurasthenia that so often follows, grippe, but  get a box of .Dr.. Williams' Pink Pills-  now from the nearest drug store and  begin the treatment at once.  You can get Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  from any medicine dealer or by mail,  at 60 cents a box or six boxes for ?2.50  from the Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  north.  A Great Asset  According to Hon. Duncan Marshall,  Deafness Cannot Be Cured  by local applications,-as tliey cannot reach--Hie  diseased portion of tlie ear. There is only one way  to cure deafness, and that is hy constitutional  remedies. Deafness is caused liy an inflamed  Condition of the mucous lining- of the iCiistaehiau  Tube. ( When tins tube is inflamed yon have a  rurnblihjr sound or .imperfect hearinjr. and when,  it is entirely closed, Deafness is the result, and  unless the inflaiuatiou can be taken out and this  Just a Straight  and Simple Story  minister of agriculture in Alberta, the j u.be"restorcd to its normal condition, hearing  pedigreed  bull "Director," formerly Of ; will be destroyed forever: nine eases out of ten  the  Rothschild   herd   in  England,  and ! ?re caused by Catarrh   which is notluiur but an  ... . , .      .. ���������j inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces.  BOW   111   the   Western   province,   13   the j     We will jrive One   Hundred  Dollars  for any  finest bull in the country.    The minis- j case of Deafness (caused by catarrh; that cannot  ter says he is more than proud of the j ^"^ f^ IlaU's '^tan-h cure,   send for  animal, which is quite to his credit. |  Prize cattle are a great asset to any  province.���������Montreal  Gazette.  T. J. C in-:xr-:v & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by Druecists, 75e.  Take Hall's family rills for constipation.  THE FIRST TASTE  Acquired the Habit When a Boy  A Passport  The archbishop' of Canterbury was  to officials at an important service in  London. The main entrance to the Abbey was opened, and a great space  roped'off so that the dignitaries might  If parents realized the fact that tea  and coifee contain a drug���������caffeine���������  which is especially harmful to child-j alight from their equipages unmolest  ren, they would doubtless hesitate be- ed. When a dusty four-wheeler crossed  fore giving them tea or coffee to the square, driven by a fat, red-faced  drink. j cabby,  bobbies    rushed  out  to  head  "When I  was a child  in my  moth-j him off.  er's  arms   ami   first  began  to  nibble      "Get out of "ere," one of them called  things  at  the  table. Mother  used  to > briskly. "This cm franco is reserved for  give me sips of coffee.   And so I con- j the archbishop."  traded, the coffee habit early. j    Willi a wink and a backward jerk of  "I  continued  to  use coffee   until  I j his thumb, the irresponsible cabby re-  was  -7,  and  when   I  got  into  office j plied cheerfully:  work 1 began ,to have nervous spells. ] ' "1 'ave tiie old duffer inside."  Kspecially   after  breakfast  J   was  so! ��������� -  nervous I could scarcely attend ro my  correspondence." (Tea produces  about the same iii effects as coffee, because they both contain tiie drug, caffeine).     ' *  "At night, after having had coffee  for supper, I could hardly sleep, and  on rising in the morn ing would feel  weak and nervous.  "A friend persuaded me to try Pos  turn.  "1 can now got good sleep, am free  Worms cause- frelfwlness and rob  the infant of sleep, the groat uourish-  er. Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator will clear Hit* stomach and intestines ;md restore hcalthfulness.  MISS      BLANCHARD      TELLS  DODD'S   KIDNEY   PILLS  OF  No Slackers In  Manitoba  Tho provincial irestsurer, Mr. Brown,  j voiced   the innermost feelings of our  i citizen:-;  when  he said that we,  as a  | province,   "are   ready   to   pledge   our  from   nervousness  and   headaches,     I ' resource* to tne limit for Hie defence  recommend Postum."   Name gi\cn In-01 t,,e empire,    livery blade of grass,  Canadian   Postum   Co.,  Windsor.  Ont. i ?ve'7 ,ni3lK;l  '.������'   Kram,  every  acre of  Postum comes in two rorui������: Ia:uV ������Yory sU<;k ������: Umber* ������������d tho  Postum Cereal���������the original form - -! CiU-'������ that roan> these Pcairies shall,  must bo well boiled. 15c and 25c pack-i ! necessary, be pledged to maintain  a!,.pg . j Inn     liberties   whicn   our  forefathers  "instant   Postum���������a  soluble   pov/der! I','r-'llfuiod���������, "f  *v(:li   a  ������''eat  eost."���������  -dissolves   quickly  in   a  cup  of   hot: Alliml'*g  Irlbune.  water, aud. with cream and sugar, j  makes a delicious beverage instantly. ���������  30c and 110c tins. j  Jloth   forms  are   equally    delicious;  and  cost about  the same per cup  "There's a Reason" for Postum.  ���������sold by Grocer?!  Minard's  :tc,  Liniment     Cures   Burns,  W. N. U. 1097  "I hope you are habitually truthful,  Norah."  "I am on me own account, inum! I  only tells lies to the callers for tha  family."  They Cured Her Kidney Troubles and  Other Sufferers Can Learn From  Her Experiences How They Can Find  a  Cure. ('  Pacpietville, Gloucester Co., N.B.���������  (Special)���������Simple and straight to the  point is the statement of Miss Justine  Blanchard, of this place. She has  tried Dodd's Kidney Pills and found  them good and she wants everybody to  know it.    Miss Blanchard says:  "I suffered for a long time with my  kidneys. I used Dodd's Kidney Pills  and they cured me completely."  One simple statement like that is  worth a dozen learned dissertations  on Kidney disease. It tells the sufferer from kidney trouble just what  he or she wants to know���������that a cure  can be found in Dodd's Kidney Pills.  For Dodd's Kidney Pills aro no  cure-all. They aro purely and simply  a kidney remedy. The reason why they  cure .Rheumatism, Lumbago, Diabetes,  Briglit's ' Disease. Heart Flutterings,  Dropsy. Pain iu tho Back, and other  diseases is that all these are either  Kidney diseases or are caused by disordered kidneys. Dodd's Kidney Pills  cure them by curing the kidneys.  Germany's Threat  When Germany has recovered from  the war she will undertake, a widespread, well engineered work of education in America as to the relative  merits of Germans and Britons, If  ncocssar the mailed list will also bo  applied to American aberations.���������  Frankfurter Zeitung.  Attendant (to small man behind fat  lady In theatre.)���������Opera glasses, sir?  Stalllte���������No, thank you, but I'll take  a periscope if you have one.���������Judge.  "Why are you asking me for help?  Haven't you any close  relations?"  "Yes. That's the reason why I'm  appealing to you."  HOMf: TREATMEHT.���������Describe your diseaao,  and write for tree book nail iestlasoaialE,  THE CANADA CANCER   INSTITUTE, uimitid  ������0 CKUflCHILL   AVE..   TOfiONTO  Scouting- in English Schools  Hundreds of Boys  Go  Under Canvas  During the  Summer  Scouting is becoming a part of the  curriculum of the English schools. E.  Young, head master of the county  school at Harrow, has turned his  'whole school, which contains some1  hundreds of boys, into ono large troop  of scouts, the scheme being so arranged that the same organization of patrol and patrol leaders holds good both  for school work and for scouting. During the summer the'patrols take it in  turn to camp on the school grounds,  under the supervision of the head  master from fifteen to twenty-flvo boys  being always under the canvas. When  in camp the boys have to do their own  cooking and look after themselves, the  only exception being that they have a  substantial meal provided for them  in the middle of the day. Manchester  Grammar School is taking up scouting  in a similar way. It has been decided  to start a troop consisting entirely of  boys in tho school, and it is expected  about 150 will be enrolled.  Minard's Liniment Relieves Neuralgia.  War Widows to be Settled In Canada  Commissioner D. C. Lamb of the  Salvation Army, who came to Canada  in connection with a project, to settle  British widows and their families m  the overseas Dominions, in an interview intimated that war widows would  form the majority of those to be settled in Canada by the Salvation Army.  In connection with this proposed work,  General Booth is calling for a fund of  a million dollars.  To Sell School Lands  In Western Provinces  Premiers  Havo Concurred   in   Federal'  Government's Suggestion  The announcement is made by the  department of the interior that a.'salo.  of school lands will be held in the provinces of Manitoba, Saskatchewan aud  Albefta in. the early part of June.' Tim  premiers of the three provinces havu '  concurred in the suggestion of-the'federal'.government' that the present  would be an opportune time to plac-a  some of these lands ou sale at public  auction, in view of the phenomena!  crop of last season, the good prices  now prevailing, and tho strong demand existing for the lands. The auction sales will be held at various central points in the three provinces.  No general sales of school lands  have been held for the past'three  years.  No surgical operation is necessary  in removing corns if Hollo way's Corn  Cure be used.  A company of Sherwood Foresters  were walking along tho hank of a  river when suddenly the commanding  officer shouted, "Fall in!"  "No fear," answered a raw recruit,  "I didn't join the Coldstream Guards."  ���������Strand Magazine.  "Breddern," said tho colored preacher one Sunday morning, "I hab decided  to divide niah sermon dls morning in  three parts. De fust part Ah'll under-  stan' an' yo-all won't. De second yo-all  will understan' an' Ah' won't." Da  third part nobuddy will understand'."  m  sm  %$$%  Sunlight Soap -is made for the  housewife's profit, for only  thereby can tha makers hope  to profit. Sunlight Soap makes  your work lighter, your clothes  whiter, your home brighter. It  is mild and pure and does not  harm cither hands or fabric,  '   MS  9 .EEHE   JURi;   ������EANB'I?GE&&  <i%  WILL  EFFECT   DESTINY  OF  THE WHOLE WORLD  Premier Hughes of Australia-says the Destiny of the Whole World  Is Trembling in the Balance, and Every Nation and Every  Man Must Take a Part in the Struggle.  Addressing a gathering of the Canadian Club at Ottawa recently, Premier Hughes of Australia paid a very  Ktrong tribute to the work of the British navy. "We would not be hero, free  men, today," lfe said, "if it were not  for the British navy.'" The navy had  stopped tbe commerce of Germany,  .while from every part, of the empire  ships laden with provisions, munitions and war supplies of all kinds,  made their way in safety to the  mother land.  "If Great Britain," he said, "had  been as well .prepared on land as on  ��������� sea, this war would not have been."  The Brii.su .navy had made of the  great German navy a sort of glorified canal boat. ..  The speaker declared .emphatically  that the British empire would 'never  lay down its arms until .Germany nad  been beaten.' The German army had  already been ringed in with walls of  ���������teel. Me spoke >vith deep feeling of ^  the splendid heroism of the Austral-  Ian troops on the Peninsula of Galli-  opli, instancing one charge in which  an Australian battalion wont forward  knowingly to; certain death after its  members had left their last farewells  with those who stayed-behind. This  splendid act, he said, far outshone the  famous charge of the; Light- Brigade  at Balaclava.  Premier' Hughes, referring to his  Inclusion as a member of the Canadian government, said: "1 hold this  position in trust for the Australian  people." The war, he went on to say,  had found'the -empire a. scattered  family of nations. It would leave it  a- homogeneous whole.  "W.e -'could: have, purchased an ignoble peace," Premier-"��������� ������������������Hughes asserted.' . "The Germans were prepared  to'��������� treat Canadians as an independent  nation and to confer a like favor on  Australia. In this attitude they were  like the man-eating tiger which deals  with its victims separately. Germany now knows that she is fighting  not only England, but also the men  of adventure and resolution in all the  British Dominions," who will fight  to. the end alongside those who gave  them their traditions. We shall not  quit while life remains in us.".  "The issues at stake aro vital," continued Premier    Hughes,  some   may  look  on   with  indifference,    and    hold  aloof,   they    are     being  against their will, in this  gle,     which,    like  some  British Officer's  use a Success  "Although  an   air  of  themselves  enveloped,  great sfriig-  great  tidal  wave sweeps resistlessly over the  whole earth and cannot be dammed  here or there by the act of any man  or any-nation. The destiny of the  world is trembling in the balance and  every nation, and every man, must  make up its or his mind on which  side to take a stand.''  This war would leave the world  different from what it found it. The  Avar had como at once as a mighty  spur, a sedative, a corrective���������perhaps needed by our race for its salvation. It would profoundly affect  the destiny of tne whole world. If  by aJiy malign stroke of fate the issue should turn against us, the clock  of civilization would be set back a  hundred years. The war fell upon  the empire menaced with turmoil.  But at the first rattling of the sabre  turmoil died down,' dissension ceased  and we were a united people. There  was not-a man from Dan to Beers-  sheba, there was no place from one  end of the empire to the other where  the people did not stand four square  against the common enemy.  The premier said that during "the  eighteen months of the war Australians and Canadians had on the ."held  of battle proved that "the ancient  valor of their sires still burned in  their veins. Canadians and Australians had both proved themselves to  be men. They realized that it af-  fec/ed their very existence. He  stood there as a representative of  labor and tne most democratic government on earth.  "All the ideals that you and I  jointly cherish," he said, "and (hose  ideals that are peculiar to labor���������  all these rest upon the foundation oi  liberty. We in Australia and you  here in Canada, have fought, are  lighting and will continue to fight  to tlie end, for those free institutions which to free men are dearer  than life itself."  "This one lesson must be learned,"  said the Common wealth, premier,  "from this great war. Some day the  wings of the dove of peace may beat  a sort of lullaby throughout the land.  But that day is not yet. Until that  day downs it is the duty to free men  to be able as well as willing to defend their country. Neither liberty  nor our national rights can ever be  safe when wo neglect the defence or  our country." It could not be left  to volunteers, for as it concerns all  so must it apply to all."  ���������  ."Putting One Over" the Germans During a   Bombing   Duel  Private Burridge of a gun battery  now in France, tells a good story of  a British., officers' ruse that "put one  over" the Germans.  "During a bombing 'strafe' at a  German sap," lie says, "somehow tho  fuses of our bombs were a little damp.  And hardly a bomb exploded at,,all.  But the Germans're-lit the fuses, and  began to throw tho bombs back.  "Then our bombing officer had an  idea. ���������He. took the damp fuses from  the bombs and put in some instantaneous -ones���������with tlie rcsu+t that  when the Germans put a light to  them, after our fellows had thrown  them over, they immediately exploded.  "I think they spent the most  miserable half-hour of".: their lives  lighting instantaneous fcrao and  blowing themselves up with them.  They did not disturb us for weeks  after  that."  "At many parts of the line you are  within easy speaking distance of the  enemy, and many amusing conversations, generally ended by a few bombs,  have taken place. We called over one  morning, 'Hullo, Fritz! What's the  menu for breakfast?' The answer we  received was, 'Cocoa, d���������you, cocoa!'  "At another place we could throw  'bully' over. Wo threw two tins, and  presently one of .them.'.shouted back,  'Hurry up with' tlie biscuits!'"  The  Man  With  High  Lives Near to  Ideals and Who  Nature  in our  flowers,  classifi-  farmers  A  Hot Time  is the reason they can't get  "What  Along together?'  "A matter oi temperament,  "Matter of 'temperature,  think."  I  should  The plants which grow  fields may be classified as  crops and weeds. A similar  cation may be. made : of the  who till the soil. The farmerv who is  not noted especially for the remarkable results of his large farm and  large herds, but with whom making  money,' while carried on .effectively,  is secondary to living a life full of  helpful deeds to his follow man, may  be classed as a llower in the rural  community. _.  Rural life may be lacking in many  things, but of all the things lacking  the'greatest'lack, is in life ideals. The  rush for dollars from early morning  until late at night with a view only  of expanding the farm and possessing more wealth than the neighbor  is one of the evils which has come  with modern commercial agriculture.  The fanner with higher idealsshould  be more appreciated, for "in proportion as riches and the rich men are  honored in the state, so are virtue  and virtuous disnonored, and what  is honored is cultivated, and what is  dishonored is neglected," according  to Plato. The following is the definition of a "real farmer," -written by-  one of the flowers of southern Wisconsin's rural life, a .man of whom  every citizen of Wisconsin should be  proud: ,  "And who is this real farmer? The  man who farms, simply to see how  many dollars he can get out of his  year's labors? Not for a moment.  That is all too narrow a conception  of the real farmer. Rather, it is the  farmer to whom farm life and farm  surroundings constitute the ideal of  human happiness; the farmer who  knows as well how many children he  has as how many cattle and hogs;  the farmer to whom it is as great a  pleasure to find in his rambles afield  a baby calf, colt, lamb or litter of  pigs, with attendant manifest maternal affection, as it Is to grasp the  price of a fatted steer; the farmer  who finds satisfaction in binding up  a broken leg and oftimes succeeds  when the veterinarian said, 'Oh,  shoot it; setting will never succeed;'  the farmer to whom every horse,  dog, cat, and even the diminutive bantams look to, and justly so, as a  friend; the farmer who finds pleasure in the realization that a great  pari. o������Jiis, mission is to feed the  world���������this type alone constitutes  tho real farmer.''���������If. c. Taylor. University of Wisconsin, in the Breeders' Gazette.  Typographical Errors  How it is Found Possible for Mistakes  to Occur in  Newspapers  Newspaper readers frequently call  attention to typographical errors, and  are somewhat given to saying that  they "don't see how such a mistake  occurred." The wonder is that so few  mistakes occur. The Philadelphia  Public Ledger recently reviewed the  story that tho Oxford edition of the  Bible was read and re-read ten, times,  and that immediately after its publication a reward of 50 pounds was offered  to any one who should discover a typographical blunder. One was, found in  the first chapter of Genesis. There  Is another tradition that-the man who  read proofs on the Lord's Prayer for  that edition went insane for fear he  would" make a mistake.  One of the great dictionaries published in this country, a standard authority/was read in proof eleven times,  and some of the most learned men  in the United State.3 wore constantly  enga.ged in revising it, yet1 typographical errors may still be found in the  completed work. . Blunders in publications of ���������ordinary' books, no matter  from what --publishinghouse, are common, though they are carefully read  and re-read. . '.-..-.'.  .In a, newspaper plant, operators of  typesetting machines set from the original "copy," considerable speed must  be maintained; proof is taken of the  matter thus set and is read���������never  more than twice���������by a proof reader,  who marks on the margin ������������������'such corrections <as may be necessary! The  lines marked ar-e reset, and the new  lines of type substituted for those'  in which errors wore found. Then the  type goes into the forms and impression is made.  Therefore newspaper men smile  when they hear, "I don't see how such  a mistake occurred."���������Richmond (Ya.)  Times-Despatch;-;.: -      .:.,;���������  LACK OF MOISTURE  IS THE  GREATEST PROBLEM  Prof. Bracken of the University at Saskatoon, Demonstrates the  Wisdom of Rotation of Crops ��������� Lowest Yields Follow a  Wheat Crop, Highest After Summer Fallowing.  It was in 1SS5 that the prairie provinces were first linked up with each  other... and. with the outside world by  the completion of the line of railway.  Their agricultural history may therefore be said to date from that time  and the thirty year period of growth  is often  pointed  to  with  pride  as  a  bushels S lbs.  On breaking previous July, 33 bushels 37 lbs.  On breaking previous June, 37 bushels 1 lb.  Ordinarily fall breaking and spring  breaking result s in partial failure,  even when well done.    Tfhese yields  wonderful record of development.   To I represent the relative value of break  Money In Poultry  Eggs Marketed During the Winter and  Early Spring Bring Big Profits  Whether hatched in an "apparatus"  or .under a hen, a winter-laying fowl  is a paying proposition in our country, at least. ' To support my statement, I wish to mention a few ot" the  many cases in the county where the  humble hen is doing her part in keeping the profit'and loss balance on the  right side of the account, says a writer in an American farm journal.    .  One farmer, who could not possibly  be called a professional poultry man,  as he owns, operates and lives upon a  1,600-acre farm and mai-kets potatoes  and grain by the carload, is very enthusiastic over the; profits realized-)  from fhe flock of 100 Barred Rocks  -which he keeps through the winter.  The strain Is not "fancy" nor is their  housing or feeding carried on according to book. They are just plain hens,  cared for as many farmers' hens  should, be: hatched early, fed and watered regularly, with free range in  summer and a warm house in winter.  This man assures us that chickens  pay well on the farm.  Another very aggressive farmer reports that the eggs marketed through  the winter and early spring enabled  him to keep a bit ahead of his grocery  bill all the time, and the family at his  table numbered sixteen. On this farm,  like the other, the poultry industry is  fliot emphasized; the fowls are given  comfortable quarters' and ordinary  care, but the owner knows that they  are giving good returns for the capital and labor invested.  There are other instances which I  might mention, Avhere the egg  money from a small flock was practically all the cash new settlers saw  during their first season in the country; and still-others where the actual  profits from an entire farm consisted of the good wife's egg money.  I do not love chickens except in  pot pie or roasted; I know of no  other .living creature which has so  many different ways of being irritating as the hen allowed unlimited  indulgence in her natural proclivities. But when restricted in her  range, and given half a chance; she  will make it all up in tho number of  "strictly fresh" she will kscp in the  egg basket.  bring under cultivation an acreage  capable of producing a crop of nearly  .a thousand million bushels of grain  is no small accomplishment. Vet. if  the whole history of the thirty' years  were written it wc-^-.d contain many  records of failures and setbacks that  would be discouraging if considered  in full detail. The statement has  been made that the present areas under cultivation ���������have'-to a large extent  been settled upon twice, the first arrivals having given up the struggle  when faced by i\ short -crop. This  can be true -only in a general way.  It would probably be more correct  to say that over the dry belt a large  percentage of settlers failed to make  a permanent home.  The same sort of experiences have  been recorded in all of the western  states. Kansas,���������������������������which'. Is now the  foremost wheat producing state;: of  the "'Union has a history/almost tragic. Droughts, -.cyclones-":and insect  plagues followed one' after the other  and the farm population was several  times reduced to a fraction of what  it had been in prosperous years. The  valiant few who held on through all  the dark years had the satisfaction  of winning out in the end. It was a  natural selection of those who were  able to adapt their methods to the  new conditions which confronted  them not unlike the tests that were  applied to the men of Gideon in the  olden time. .  Of the difficulties" that face the  prairie farmers the most formidable  is the lack of moisture in certain seasons. , Frosts and rust are to -be reckoned , with but in the majority of  years the supply of moisture is the  deciding factor. The past year was  an exception in this regard and ihe  fact that heavy yields were obtained  on lands that had- very indifferent  preparations may lead to wrong conclusions as to the best methods. It  was a season when the usual sign  failed and the miraculous happened.  With the abundance of rain during  the growing season there was cool  "weather which retarded the ripening  of the grain. Had the early fall  frost come at the  ing done at different times, but are  more favorable to late work than  they would be in normal years.���������Montreal Family Herald and Weekly Star.  Railway Expenditures  Railways  Have   Cost   Car.z  Billion  Dollars  Half  , The Dominion government's expenditures on railways to the end of the  last fiscal year was $(348,205,427, and  on canals $150,205,770. The revenues  from railways and canals since Confederation were  $222,183,757.  The annual report of tho department of railway and canals shows the  total ^expenditure oh the National  Transcontinental Railway for construction Is $152,802,745.  The total expenditure on the Grand  Trunk Pacific mountain section, approved and certified up to the end of  March, 1915, is given as $87,119,153,  while $15,556,482 was spent on the  prairie section up to the end of October, 1907, no further certificates having been issued fortius section.  The total railway expenditure during the fiscal year to March 31, 1915,  was $42,747,532, including the outlay  on the Quebec bridge construction  This total includes $18,101,809 on the  Intercolonial Railway, $1,168,757 on  the Prince Edward Island Railway,  and $10,071,479 on the National Transcontinental Railway.  The Canal expenditure amounted  to $7,314,131. The total outlay for  thevyear on railways and canals was  $50,063,988. The revenue derived from  government railways and canals was  $12,577,120, inluding $12,149,357 from  railways, and $427,703 from canals.  The operation of the Intercolonial  Railway for the year resulted in a.  profit of $49,965 on total earnings of  $11,444,873.  Gigantic Aeroplanes  Weight of Each  Fully  Equipped  Will  be  21,000   Pounds  Ten triplanes  that    will be super-  come .at the usual time it would [dreadnoughts of the air have been or-  have reduced the quantity and quality (dered by the British government from  ���������p ,.%_ ������������������������������������ 4- .,   .-..���������..���������,.,��������� ��������� , ' the ���������Curtiss Company for fighting Zeppelins, according to a "flying" publication devoted to aviation.  The machines will be larger than  any now in use, and their planes will  tower high, with, a spread of 133 to the  wings and a body sitxy-eight feet long.  Each machine will have little difficulty  in supporting its full weight, fully  equipped, of 21,000 pounds. AVith this  .weight its speed will be 75 miles an  teachings  was  ex- j hour.  of tihe crop to a considerable extent.  As it was harvesting and threshing  were ocmpleted with very .little damage.  Good authorities have been ag  that for the best results in districts a succession of wheat crops  not    desirable and  that summer  lowing every few years or the judicious rotation with'Other crops is  the  safest plan.    Even in  1915 the force  of many of these  '<?e;i  dis-  are  fal-  Butter Fat in Milk  Mil  to Deter-  From  Cost of Living in Canada  During January the cost of living  in Canada increased materially, according to the report of the department of labor for the month. The index number of wholesale prices went  up during the month ton points, due  to considerable rises in metals, chemicals, grain, potatoes, textiles, coke,  gasoline and many other commodities.  In retail pricess of (lour, beans and  potatoes showed some increases. The  cost of a weekly budget of family commodities, the report says, showed a  considerable Increase over tho previous month, i.nd a noticeable increase  when compared with' the cost of the  same budget in January, 1914.  k Testing the Only Way  mine   Value   of   Product  Each  Cow  Most of our dairy farmers are well  accustomed to hear of milk "lesting"  so much, cither high or low, understanding thereby that it contains a  certain percentage of fat. What is  not quite so clear to the majority, is  tlie fact that milk varies considerably  in its test, or content of fat. from  day to day, even from one milking to  another on the same day, and from  month to month. This applies to  mixed herd milk and more particularly to milk from single cows.  Thus, if milk is valued according to  its fat content, it is evidently of extreme importance to every dairy  farmer to know what the milk does  test; further, lie needs to know,  whether selling cream or pooling milk,  if Spot's milk tests u.5 or 4.8, if Blossom's milk tests 3.1 or 5.2 per cent, of  fat. In one herd where six samples  of milk from each cow were tested  each month, it was found that three  cows averaged only 1.8, 2.8 and 2.7  per cent, of fat for the whole year.  Do your cows give real milk or why  a skim milk variety? You need quality as weil as quantity, are you getting both? Cow testing is necessary  your peace of mind.  emplified. . -At the University Farm  at Saskatoon, Prof. Bracken has be*:-n  conducting a large number of experiments on the yields as affected hy  Ohe previous crops, showing that the  lowest yield was following a wheat  crop and the highest after summer  fallowing. Next to summer fallouing  as a preparation for wheat is corn or  roots, this being in accordance witli  results obtained at other experimental farms.  The machine hull and motor will  weigh 12,000 pounds. It will carry  eight men, 2^ tons of gasoline, oil  and a dead weight of 3,000 pounds of  bombs. With a lighter load the tri-  plane can make 100 miles an hour and  have a radius of 750 miles. Four 250  horsepower motors will furnish power  for two tractor propellers and one  pusher. The climbing tower will be  unusual,    enabling it soon to   reach  20,000 feet,   the height of    the night  With oats the same general resulis j raiding Zeppelins.  There will be a sixty horsepower  S'-rew, for' use when the machine is  on the water. The engines will bo  self-starting, and the machine will be  heavily armored. Each machine will  carry a 3'^-inch rapid fire gun and  torpedoes of a new kind. The triplanes  will cost $50,000 each.  for  were obtained, those on stubble giving 81 bushels as compared with 68  bushels on wheat ground. Outer  crops showed a corresponding Increase on fallow as compared witli  wheat ground, the preceniage gains  being 24 for barley, 10 Tor flax, 40 for  rye and 50 for potatoes.  Among eleven differently cultivated plots of wheal, stubble the one  lhat was burned In the spring and  double disced, packed and harrowed,  returned more net profit than any  other, and yielded more bushels per  acre than any other treatment except  early shallow fall plowing that was  well worked down. This stateim-n't  applies to the effect of this tillage on  the yield of not one crop only. bur. on  the yield of each of six different  crops���������wheat, oats, barley, rape,  potatoes and corn.  Fall plowing, due probably to the  unusual late fall rains of 1914, produced slightly more than spring  plowing in 1915. For the year 1914 the  opposite was true.  Next to the favorable effect of ir.-  tertllled crops on the yield of succeeding ones, the influence ot the time 0?  breaking on Ihe yield of cereals is  perhaps the most interesting of the  results this year at Saskatoon.  The yield of barley:  On spring breaking was IS bushels  40',-i! lbs.  On breaking previous Scprcmbor,  25 bushels 12'i lbs.  On breaking previous August. ?,':,  bushels 20 lbs.  On breaking previous July, 2S b\\?.':-  els .10 lbs.  Wheat: ���������  On spring breaking yielded 22 buth-  els 15 lbs.  On breaking previous September. 2fi  A Three Years War  Wc took Lord Kitchener literally,  observos the London Standard, when,  with his usual calm wisdom, he spoke  of a three years' war. Regarding tho  war as a purely military problem, that  estimate holds good. It was, of course,  always on the cards that Germain-  might not consider it worth while to  persevere to the bitter end, or that  she might be reduced (0 submission  hy economic pressure; and those possibilities still exist. But when we reflect what defeat means to Clermanv,  and especially (o the Ilohenzollcrn regime. It seems foolish optimism to  count on any factor but sheer superiority in arms to bring about the desired result. The war is still undo-  cided. But we have every reason lo  beh'eve that the present year will see  a decline in Germany's strength, and  that ihe victory of the allies will bo  organized, if it Is not actually accomplished, before another winter bas come  ! ami gone.  "Recovered from your attack of tho  grip, old man?''  ��������� "Not entirely."  "Why, you look as well as ever."  "Yes, but I owo the doctor SIS."'  Friend���������I  hear  pono away up.  Druggist It's the  that    qulnlna   ias  bitter trutfc. i������r^71VfT^^yj.WJ^^wi������yrf^uf|^fJxUCTJ������JUt't^*Jft*gBJJWVK'ja I  :TH������ "'sVlS," GKA-ND"   FORKS,    B.C.;  The fishing season opened last  Monday, but no phenonetnal catches  have yet been reported at this office.  The trapping season 'dosed last  Sunday.  The customs officer in this city  still maintains his record for handling vast sums of money.  Shade trees have been planted on  the new post office grounds.  James Rooke returned home on  Saturday from Vernon and other  Okanagan points.  F. II. Heffner and family will  leave on Monday for Salt Lake  City.   Tom New by - came down from  Franklin camp today in his motor  car.  Given under the auspices of the Grand Forks   Volunteer Fire Department at the Race Track grounds,  GRAND FORKS, B.C.  saay, r  Baseball Tournament Foot Races  And Other Athletic Sports  Horse Races, Etc. Firemen's Ball in Evening  Reduced Rates on All Railways  For program and information apply to  Ben Norris, Chas. Haverty,  For  atches,L/ locks and j ewellery"*  Go to  D  <m>?M'm&  MWm  m  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange,' Grand Forks  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  Chairman C ommittee.  Sec. Committee  0 CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  The water in the main Kettle  river.and the Noith Fork is rapidly,  rising.  A. crew of bridgernen is repairing  the Kettle Valley railway bridge in  this city.  Harold Mclnnes returned homp  from Vancouver on  Monday.  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,    Bad  Breath���������Candy   Cathartic.  Tlie U"ion mine in Franklin  camp will resume shipping next  month.  There 'Are 280 telf [ihniu-'S in Oram]  -Forks, 98 in Green u-i,ofL and   83   in  Phoenix.  Richard   Frache    will    return   to  Lethbridge tomorrow.  Hugh Murray has been appointed  a fire warden for the Greenwood district.  Rathpr than call you a linr tn  vour face some polite and cautious  people use the telephone.  The craze for the movies has  driven the legitimate dramatic companies off the road. Now, when the  public is beginning to tire of,the  movies there are onljr mouldy old  plays and third rate theatrical companies traveling around the country.  Capt. Dr. Simmons, formerly of  this city, arrived in England last  month on his way to the war.  No odds how I.ad your liver, stom-  ���������ch or  iowels;  hc-.v mach  your ncail  ciicy.   ho.v   misers.!;-!.--  you   ar-2   r:--:..v.  . n;istipfi*.ion,   indigestion.'  biii^.M.-e-s-  ��������� trifl 3lu<,'������;5,ii Lo.'.i.-is���������you a'-aji-  ;-;.���������  relief    ,-itl",   Casca* et.-:.      /h'-y   :.am'.  diately oixa'ise an.i rosii a.s laz iv.-.-.,-."  ach, remove the sour, l"ermo:itins to-',  and foul  ga^os;   ta!:u  rhe i^Ctts  L: ���������  from the iivcr and carry on." tlie co:  stipaterl    v.astc    matter    and    po'"  from   the   intestines   .mii   lower  10-ecnt  hex   fro:i:   your  druggist    .  '.���������:een   youv   livrr   a:ii   ko-vels   clean:  'tomacl:    l" vost   and   lira!   clc-ir   for  Ttonths-       'hoy work whiilo yon  ~.ioep.  W������-athfr condition? at pp-������e*ii ore  favorable for hiyh waier ihi.- snrins:.  Kg������s for Hatching���������Whit* Wvan  rlottes; from leadinsj pen of Wyan  dottes in four official crnie^s in  eluding Panama Pacific: 82.u<) *>pr  setting. Wm. Lid-lie > it, (. Jr,iu������I  Forks,  B  C.  Granby Shipments  The following are iii-- .monthly  s-hippini.' figures from ttie Oianbv  mine ������t Phoenix 'o the (-Jrand Fo'rks  Addressing Mail  to Soldiers  In order to facilitate tho handling  of mail at the front and to insure  pioinpt delivery it is requested thht  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Ra.uk.  (c) Name.  . (d) Squadron, battery or ompunv '  f'e). Battalion,   regiment' (or   other  unit), staif   appointment   or    department.  -   (f) Canadian Contingent.  (</)   British  Expeditionary. Force.  (h)   Aimy Post,   London.   KnsjliinH' j  Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as bri^ado*, dvisions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes <|. lay.  sin  elt  H-r:  SEALED TENDERS at so much  per lineal foot will be received by  the undersigned up till 3 p.m. on  Monday, May 8th. for the hbor  necessarv in removal of old pip" on  r/-insdowne Avenue and laying, with  assistance of City Engineer, of new  pipe, and refilling of trench, a .dis  tanceofsome 290 feet The lowest  or any tender not necessarily ac  cepted.  JOHN A. HUTTON.  City Clerk.  POUNDKEEPER WANTED  Written    applications for position  of Peundkeeper for City  will   he   re  ceived by undersigned at Citv Office.  JOHN A.  HUTTON,  Citv Clerk  The Famous B latch ford-Davis Shoes just arrived. The verj)} last word in Stylish Shoes for  Ladies.  Fancy Dull Kid,  Gypsey-cut, button   Gun Metal Calf,  Button    *^ H  Patent Calf,  Cloth top, plain toe, lace    ������*#������������������  Patent Calf,  Dull Kid top, plain toe, button Q& H  These Shoes surpass in style,   quality and   price  anything we know of in the market.  A Special School Shoe for Girls���������        <9&  n-P  Gun metal, button, at   t������$������i el  (Jail and give us the opportunity of proving that w"  have the values.  '0    PHONE  o 30  1915.  1     >I1S.  Jaouarv   4J.211  FeSiftiarv....  G3,(){)l  Man-h    Ii9,9l8  Aaril     iSo :?s-2  M iv   l()i) (59:5  June   103, (-04  July.   101,0:5b'  103.0(52  August   Septembe...  93.245  October    96,430  Novemhpr..  82.187  Decernbt-r ..  94,475  I9lfi!"  Tons  83,802  77,MS  ti(5 782  Kit  Total .... 1,034,786  ^yandottes  Eggs and Day-old Chicks for Sale  Orders filled  in rotation.     !  (tcl vour orders in early.  25 Setting Hens Wanted  Mills 8 Bamngham  ���������hJ*MMJ.������d**M������������fl^^  CANADA'S CALL  FOR SERVICE AT HOLME  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with   special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also unprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  We SUN PRINT SHOP  Produce More and Save More  The Empire needs food. If you are not in the fighting line you may be in the producing line. Labour  is limited���������all the more reason to do more than ever  before. Grow food for the men who are fighting for you. The Allies need all the food that  you can produce. Every little helps. You are responsible for your own work. If you  cannot produce as much as you would like, produce all you can. Work with the right  spirit. Put fighting energy into your effort and-produce now when it counts. The more  you produce the more you can save.    Producing and saving are war-service.  Make Your Labour Efficient  In war-time do not waste time and energy on unimportant and unprofitable work. Economize labour.  Put off unproductive work till after the war, and, if  possible, help in producing something needed now. Let us not waste labour. Canada  needs it all. If possible help to feed the Allies. Make your backyard a productive garden.  Cultivate it with a will.    Make your labour count for as much as possible.  Do Not Waste Materials  i  There should be no waste in war-time. Canada could  pay the annual interest on her war expenditure out  of what we waste on our farms, in our factories, in  our homes. Every pound of food saved from waste is as good as a pound of increased  production. The way for a nation to save is for every individual to save. France is strong  to-day because of thrift in time of peace. The men and women of Great Britain are not  only " doing " but are learning to " do without."  Spend Your Money Wisely  Practise economy in the home by eliminating luxuries. Wasting our dollars here weakens our strength  at the  Front.     Your savings   will help Canada to  finance the war.    Save your money for the next Dominion War issue.    There can be no  better investment.  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF   CANADA 5  THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THE  DEPARTMENT OF  FINANCE  til  *&.    i|  J  M  i  1


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