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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Mar 24, 1916

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 I"  ';^I}egislative Librarv^l'.''"'!  Kettle VaHey Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No. 20  GRAND FORKS,   B. C, FRIDAY, MARCH 24, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  225TH BATTALION  ��������� The Independent- Company of  Rifles is to be merged with the  225th battalion, which is now being recruited in the Boundary and  - Kootenay. districts, and in a few  days that familiar name will be a  thing of the past-and in its place we  .will have a company stationed here  of the 225th battalion. The. 225th  battalion .will be stationed at four  different points in the Boundary  aud Kootenay districts; The Grand  Forks company will consist of about  250 men.  An active recruiting campaign for  the company has been inaugurated  by Lieut. Stenstrom, and numbers  of men are joining the colors daily.  As an aid to recruiting the city has  been billed with catchy lithograped  posters calling on men to serve I heir  king and country.  The fair grounds have been secured for a camp for the local company. The grounds are now being  put in condition so that the soldiers  cau pitch their camp there on the  first of April.  lc or 2c per dozen for egg*, according as they are delivered-to him or  collected from thp farmers. Farmers  are hound to gather eggs twice  daily, keepth'em in a cool plaee,and'  ship Ihem once a week. When the  eggs are candled and graded, the  farmers are paid accordingly. Results show that members of egg circles have received from 10 to 22 1 2  per cent higher than local store  prices, and great stimulus has been  given to poultry raising.  FARM TOPICS  In spite of tbe inereased duty on  apples. 3800._boxes of American  fruit were received in Victoria the  week ending February 26.  Better write.right now while you  think of it to the department of  agriculture, Victoria, B. C, and ask  them for their latest advice concerning any problem of farm or orchard  management which confronts you.  If it doesn't happen to fit your case  . you are not compelled to use it.  But write for it, anyway; you may  find it is just what you want.  The Co operative Growers of Pen-  ticton has taken a forward step with  regard to the importation of power  spraying machines, and has arranged for the shipment of a carload of sprayers. There are eighteen  machines in the shipment. This  move on the part of the Co operative  Growers will do not a little in giving  support to the protective associations being organized throughout  the province.  The eggs which have been brought  from tbe Orient are packed in ordinary 30 dozen cases with cork shavings as fillings. Several cases which  have been inspected show the eggs  to be covered with a mould which is  a result of their coming in contact  with the musty cork shavings. Consumers should pay particular attention to the eggs which they pur  chase, and should demand that they  are supplied with none but eggs  from nearby poultry farms.  The live stock branch of the department of agriculture at Ottawa  has organized a* system of Egg Circles to enable farmers t^. secure good  prices by the co-operative marketing of eggs. A large number have  already been organized in the east.  Memhers pay an entrance fee of 50c  The Member for Nelson  When the member for Nelson delivered the notorious speech   which  has made his resignation  from   the  legislature   a   provincial    demand,  where   was   the   speaker?  asks    thp  Vancouver Sun.    Is it not his duty  to restrain tbe outbursts of thn mem  hers when they transgress the bounds  of parliamentary procedure   and  of  common decency? Things have-come  to a sorry pass in British  Columbia  when   the   parliament  is   disgraced  publicly by the very presence   of  a  man like MacLean of Nelson.  It is stated that   the   member in  question was not in   fit condition to  appear In the legislature  and that  his   speech   was   both blasphemous  and   lewd.    None  of  it  was fit for  print and some of it was so vile that  it must be whispered.    Where   was  the   speaker?    Will   he permit the  member to appear again in the legislature?.. ... .... ���������   -  Mr. Bowser and the machine have  collected together a number of members willing to obey them absolutely  This   has   been   the chief qualifier  tion demanded by the leaders of the  party. One of these members, Mac  Lean  of  Nelson, has disgraced   not  only himself and the political party  to which he belongs, but the  whole  people of British Columbia, ft would  be unfair to blame the parly or even  Mr. Bowser for   the   sentiments ex  pressed by the Neison  man.    They  are evidently   his  own   beliefs, de  livereu in the language to which he  is most accustomed.   It is, however,  a striking commentary on   the material   used    by   the leaders   of the  government to fill the benches. - No  doubt MacLean is a faithful servant  in his pecular way.     He   has  never  been   guilty   of  opposing   his own  party and therefore   will   no  doubt  continue   to   be   a  member   of the  gang until that gang is driven out of  power.  If Mr. Rowser has a spark of feel  ing for the reputation of his province, the member for Nelson will  not be given an opportunity to resign. He will be driven out of the  legislature summarily. This we do  not expect to see under the present  circumstances. It would mean a by-  election at Nelson and the addition  of another opposition member. In  the meantime British ^Columbia  must bear the shame.  The Great Northern is making extensive improvements at Weston.  The foundation of  a roundhouse, to  tbe town and theimmediate surroundings was also elected. Stirring  addresses on the questions of the  j day were delivered by J. E.Thompson, Liberal candidate in Grand  Forks riding, and by Dr. J. D. Mac-  Lean, the caudidate,.of the opposition forces in the Greenwood riding.  Wednesday evening,   April  12, a  sacred cantata will   be rendered   by  be considerably larger than the  one I the  Baptist church  choir.     Other  destroyed by fire recently, has been  completed and work on the building will be started at once. The  need of increased roundhouse facilities is anticipated by the fact that  train crews on the Great Northern  are shortly to have their working  time cut down to eight hours per  day. This will mean that more  crews and trains will lay over at this  p >int. The Great Northern smelter  spur is also to be practically rebuilt  this spring. New steel and ties have  been strung along the entire line.  local and visiting talent will render  selections on the program, which  will be of pleasing interest.  MAY REPUDIATE  HIS PROMISES  IS OF THE CITY  A meeting will be held under the  auspiices of "the Grand Forks Farm  ers' Institute in the board of trade  rooms on Thursday, March 30, at  8 p.m., when topics of interest  to farmers and'poultrymen will  be discussed. The principal speakers will be S. H Hopkins, who  will talk on mixed farming, and J.  R. Terry will discuss tbe subject -of  poultry raising. An invitation is  extended lo all to hear these themes  discussed   by practical men.   '  The fourth month's repor, of the  fifth international egg laying contest  has iusl been issued by J. LI. Terry,  director of the contest. We notice  that J. A. McCallum's pen lrouu this  city has climbed up a peg smce .the  last report was issued.  By the death ot a relative in We-  uaicnee, Frank J. Wiluies, who has  conducted tne Pacific barber shop  tur mure than a year, has luherited  a house aud au eight-acre apple  orchard aud 52000 iu cash.  James McArdle returned yester  day from Fraukliu camp. Not a  great deal ot worK is being doue in  ihe camp ai present. The suow up  tne river is still deep enough to afford good sleigtiiug.  The London Overseas Mail has  the following to say.'of a gentleman  who resided in Grand Forks some  half a dozen years ago: "Captain  Charles G. F. Wheeler, of the Royal  Irish Rifles, was remanded at Bel  fast, bail-being refused,charged with  obtaining ������23 by means of a trick.  The accused was arrested in Canada.  For the defendant it was stated that  he was on the country's business  andhadieceived official permission  to go to Canada."  Mrs. Janet S. Kerr, aged 78 years,  died at Midway last Saturday. Tbe  fuueral was held tro'm the residence  of R. D. Kerr, Canadian customs  ullieer al Midway, on Tuesday   last.  An Eau Claire, Wis., canning  company has closed a deal with a  Canadian firm which calls for 500,-  000 cans of Irish stew a week for a  year. The stew is calculated to constitute a complete ration for a soldier in the field.  The Red Cross society will hold  a sale of fancy work and home  cooking in their rooms in the opera  bouse block on Wednesday, March  29. In the evening at 8. o'clock a  "superfluity" auction will be held.  This will be followed by a dance in  he opera house hall, at which Mc  Leod's orchestra will furnish the  music. Everybody come and help a  good cause.  The Western Pine Lumber company's mill on Smelter lake will  start sawing operations next Monday, and it is expected that it will  be kept running throughout tbe season. A number of men have been  employed at the mill for tbe past  two or three weeks getting the ma  chinery and plant in readiness for  the start.  A. D. Morrison siaies that, to all  appearances at prest-nt, his viueyard  came -through ihe severe cold weather ot lasi wiuler without being damaged.  The exhibits ol lauey vegetables  aud: flowers uu lithographed seed  packages is now equal to the displays to be seen at auy fall fair.  On the night before the by-election in Victoria, Premier Bowser  promised the people of Victoria  definitely that whether Mr. Flumer-  felt was successful or whether he  was defeated the promises made by  the government duringthe campaign  would be scrupulously  carried  out.  In the face of this the Vancouver  News-Advertiser last Saturday made  the following sensational announcement from its Victoria correspondent, unquestionably inspired by the  premier: r  "Premier Bowser stated this evening tnat he did not consider himself  held by the promises made to the  people of Vancouver and Victoria to  introduce the proposed shipping,  mining and other legislation at this  session of the legislature. The defeat  of his ministers at ihe elections, he  claimed, relieved him from these  promises. The members of the opposition could not object to this attitude, he contended, since they had  gone so far as to declare in the house  that more than half of"the people in  the-province had indicated that they  did not want these bills to go before the house.".  The evaporate in this city has  enough potatoes and other vegetables  ou hand to keep it running until  the end of the present month.  Neil Burrell, of Spokane, was in  the city ou Tuesday. Mr. Burrell  ia a buyer of telegraph poles iur a  Minnesota corporation.  Figures Never Lie  Otto H. Lang, street commissioner  of Dallas, Texas, when  asked   by   a  ���������young man in his department for a  raise, told   him be didn't deserve a  raise because be had not  done  any  work at all during the   year.    Lang  proved his assertion like this:   Each  year has.365 days.   You sleep eight  hours each day,  which   equals  122  days.    This leaves  243 days.    You  rest  eight hours  each   day,   which  equals  122  days.    This leaves 121  days.   There are fifty-two  Sundays  that you do not work,   or 52  day.".  This leaves 43 days.    You have one  and a half hours each day for lunch,  or 28  days.    This leaves   15  days.  You get two weeks'    vacation   each  year, or 14 days.  This leaves. 1 day,  and this being the Fourth   of   July  we  close   on   that  day,   so you've  done no work at all.  Clarence Smith, nephew of O. B.  Smith, superintendent of the Grau  bs mines, died in Phoenix last week,  aged 30 years.  J. G. Glass returned to his home  in Penticton on Monday, after a  visit in this city at tbe home of Mrs.  F. E. Cooper.  A fruit grower reports that 25 per  cent of the bees in this valley were  killed by the cold weather last winter.  Lewis' Johnson, of the Union  mine, Fraukliu camp, was in the  city on Wednesday.  The annual meeting of the Green  wood City Liberal association was  held in Greenwood last Monday  evening. In spite of the inclemency  of the weather the attendance was  large, there being over eighty persons present. The election of officers  J. R. Mooyboer received a large  shipment of Cleveland and Rambler  bicycles this week.  You are invited to worship at the  Methodist church on Sunday next,  to cover the cost of a stamp, with Services at 11 a.m, and 7.30 p.m., ! for the ensuing year resulted us fol-  which the eggs are marked for iden-! conducted by Rev. J. D. Mobden. ! lows: President, J. L. White; vice-  tification. Each branch has a board ; Evening subject, "Freedom's Price." president, Thomas Boileau; secro-  of seven directors. Business is done The services are hearty and congre- tary treasurer, C. P. Charlton. A  by a brAUch manager, who   receives  gational.    Come. strong committee    representative <>  Mrs. Laura McKay has returned  from an eight monrhs' sojourn in  Alaska.  Charles Allen return on Tuesday  i from a vacation trip to the coast  I cilie.  Death of Mrs. J. B. Tuttle  The funeral of the late Mrs. Lucy  S. Tuttle, who died at the Grand  Forks hospital at 1 o'clock last Friday, was held from the Methodist  church on Monday afternoon, interment being made in Evergreen  cemetery. There was a large attendance of citizens and fr ends of the  family, and a number of beautiful  lloral ofleringa were made.  The late Mrs. Tuttle was 58 year.-*  of age, and resided in this city with  her husband for fifteen years. Before coming to Grand Forks tbe  family lived for some time in Nelson. Deceased was a native of Missouri, U.S.A., and was married  to J. B. Tuttle, who survives her,  nineteen years ago. She was a  staunch member of the Methodist  church, and leaves a large circle of  friends, all of whom extend their  sympathies to the bereaved husband.  All is not gold that glitters.    Fine  fcsitliers may over a dissolute  bird ! in it might be made.  The Granby mine at Phoenix was  closed down last Sunday in order  that improvements to the timbering ff_HSL.SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10' CENTS PER PLUG  l  i  r  i  Henry  B. Joy of Detroit Deplores the  Submissiveness   of  the   U.S.   in     '  Face of German Attitude  Our, President   lias   lrom   the   first  urged upon us to be neutral;  ro keep  our foci on  the "soft pedal;"  10 say  nothing- which cootiid- disturb our relations  with  other  nations  with  which  we were at peace.  At the time, wise and sane counsel  no doubt.   And our people  up to it in  full mea.ure.  people advisedly,  meaning to cxclut.o  those   whose   "hyphens"   still   attach  them to (heir native or ancestral land.  Had we not, however..a right.to feel  that back or" such sane-counsel was a  strong-, brave government which would  always maintain American honor even^) able  lo  action, it'  necessary '������������������for;"American  rights and righteousness between man  and mail and nation and nation.  YVc have remain3.1 as a people supinely quiescent under such a series  of incidents as have never before irritated the patriotic spirit of any people without being soundly and thoroughly resented and redressed.  American self respect is being- bartered through the means ot high  sounding words for the flesh pots of a  temporary soft and delightful peace  and prosperity which we all so much  love when it can b'c ours righteously.  The pen is indeed mightier than the  sword, except only when we use our  pen and the other fellow uses his  sword.  I have always, until the historical  record of tho past few years, especially- the last eighteen months, been  proud of ���������������������������'being an American. I bad  felt that there was no serious blot  upon our record as a nation. I had  felt that 1 could travel the world  around and bo respected as an American by reason of what our generation  and (hose gone before had written into the records of .'tli'a-United States of  America, sometimes even with the  good red blood of real. men.  Today, however, on what can be  based a feeling of pride in being an  American, in view of recent history?  The tragedy of Mexico, inconlrovcrt-  ibly from the records of George Harvey in the North' American Review, is  ii pitiful picture of American dishonor.  l^**3i     I general staff)   for permission    to  do  lv/C*    [which we apply to His ISxcellency the.  j Gasman Ambassador who is'-still representing  His  Imperial  Majesty,  the  nvadeiy in  Washington.  Let us forget the rape of Belgium, 1  say, and read the following instructions to free Americans to be noted  and acted upon or suffer the penalty  of death.  (Lusitniiia Advertisement)  Notice  Travellers  intending to embark on  , tho Atlantic voyage are reminded that  have lived j a slate of war exists between Germany  J  aay our j and her allies and Gt. Britain and her  allies;  that ihe zone of war includes  waters adjacent to the British Isles;  that, in accordance with formal notice  given by the Imperial German government, vessels flying the flag of Great  Britain, or of any of her allies, are li-  to destruction in those    waters  and that travellers sailing in the war  zone on ships of Great Britain or her  allies do so at their own risk.  Imperial German Embassy, '  Washington. D.C., Apr/ 22, 1915.  These instructions to Americans  (I  said free Americans above;  I omit it  hereafter) by direction of his Imperial  Majesty, the German Emperor, through  his representative  to  us   (we Americans) His-Excellency, Count, von Bern-  storff, the German Ambassador, stunned us.    We had never received any  such instructions before, and oh, the  positive rudeness of.it!    The imperial  and imperative manner of the instructions to Americans we, of course, did  not take seriously.  Was'the insult of this published notice immediately called to the attention of the German Ambassador? "Was  lie told that he must instantly see that  no harm should comer.. AVas he told  he must avert it.?' Does anyone doubt  that in the intervening five clays a real  American government might have persuaded the Germans not to murder us?.  Think it over. , You would never have  known it, and the real American who  might have saved those American lives  and all others since would have been  criticized for his rudeness to an Emperor!  Alas, our travellers, like the free  (Vmericans they thought they were, set  Beresford and Astor Select Titles  William Waldorf Astor, formerly of  New York, who was raised to the  peerage on New Year's" Day, has  chosen for his title Baron. Astor of  Mever Castle, after his splendid Tudor estate'in the county of Kent.  Lord Charles Beresford lias taken  the title of Baron Beresford of Mat-  emmeh and Cari-aghmore. Meternmeh  1 a village in Egypt, was the scene of  oho of Lord Beresford's exploits while  in command of the Safien in the Nile  expedition of 18S5.  PIMPLES   AND  ������������������     MEAN BAD  ERUPTIONS  BLOOD.  Yet it is a mere shadow to the greater dishonor heaped upon us by the  records of the European war.  Do we really want to be a discredited, and dishonored nation? Do our  people-really understand what is being  done to litem as a whole? Do they  know, 1 ask, that the honor of Americans is being sold for dishonorable  quietude?  Do they know ihat all the American  ihe days.  People who have impure or impoverished blood should be careful to take only  a vegetable remedy sucli as Dr. Pierce's  Golden Medical Discovery is and has been  for over 40 years.  The first clay you skirt to take this  reliable medicine, impure germs and accumulations begin fo separate in the blood  and are (hen expelled through the Liver,  Bowels and Kidneys. _   -  In place of the impurities, the arteries  and veins gradually get fresh vitalized  blood and (he action of this good blood  on the skjn means that pimples, boils,  carbuncles, eczema, -rsish, acne and all  akin blemishes will disappear. Theiryou  must remember that when (he blood is  right, the. liver, stomach, bowels and  kidneys become healthy, active and vigorous and you will have no more trouble-  with indigestion, backache, headache and  constipation.  Get Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery (o-day at any medicine dealers; it  :.s a powerful blood purifier, so penetrating  that it even gets at (he impure deposits  in the joints and "carries themout of the  system.  "Contains neither alcohol nor narcotics. Its ingredients are made public  and printed on wrapper.  Depend upon this grand remedy to  give .you the kind of blood that makes  the skin clear, (he mind alert, the vision  keener and puts ambition and energy into  tlie entire body. You will not be disappointed. For free advice write Dr. V.  M. Pierce, Buffalo, N. Y.  sailvon their lawful vocations, with, as \ ���������m . ���������, AWT . _T~ r.~T ,rc? c . v  they thought, the great American peo- j[WHAT ONTARIO I'OLIvS SAY,  pie backing them  up in their lawful  rights and guaranteeing their safety.  Five days later they were murdered,  and not a finger have we-lifted in defense of our Americanism. We talk  indemnity!  Twelve.hundred innocents, including  women and children and babies, were  drowned by Imperial order, 1.87 being  Americans. Our President is negotiating to.send milk to babies in Germany.  The German Ambassador, however,  is   still   in   Washington,   though   the  St. Thomas, Out.���������"My husband and  myself have used 'Goldm Medical Discovery' for liver and kidney (roubles, also  for bad blood, and we found it good._ I  am glad of the opportunity of giving  testimony in behalf of Dr. Pierce's rem  edies."  Cheste;  ���������Mrs.    Gkohub    Bordett,  St., St. TW-^.is. Out.  28  Canada's Part  people have striven for from' m^ u������..o... ,,,.,.    ^T      1-1      1 ��������� 1  of Washington through  the times of I fashionable hotel in New; \ork  winch  iiinnins'! liarbors lmn when 111 that city has lost  Lincoln  and    McKinley    is    slipping  through our fingers?  We are not a warlike people. Yet  we have never before in history lived  under a regime of "watchful waiting"  or been counseled by our readers to be  "too proud to fight,".no matter what  the dishonor.  If ever on earth was a mau of peace,  it was Liucoln. Yet not for a moment  did lie hesitate to meet the policy of  "blood and iron" like for like. We revere his sainted memory and we also  revere the memory of the men who  fought against him. We hold in dishonor and disrepect the pacificists of  that day, as we do and will those of  today.  And now comes the sinking' of the  Persia- This incident is, however, of  no moment. Our disgrace came with  the murder of Belgium. We also had  signed The Hague Convention. Our  disgrace attaches to the Lusitania. and  our methods of asserting Americanism. Our disgrace thereafter conies  from Washington, D.C.  Our governemnt has now reached  the point of "indemnity."' What is to  he the price of dead Americans and of  the honor of our country?  Am.I oversenslivc in feeling that ray  r.i'lf respect as an American is weak-  erred, bus shrunken, is declining, is  even a thing of the past? Sometimes  T wonder at our passivencss under insult.   Why is it?  I was brought up and trained in the  idea that if. was 'tho duty of the. government to protect the rights of even  the most unimportant American wherever over the broad world he might  roam on business, or pleasure.  I was (aught, in believe it a duty to  servo  in the militia, to do  my share j Americanism  iu serving the States and the Nation, j American,  to stand for national self respect and  domestic unity and  law  and order.  Today wo cannot fill (lie ranks of  the state troops. We have advocates  of peace���������peace at any price���������when  there is no peace with honor to be had.  Let us forget Belgium and the solemn. Imperial Treaty���������if wo can as  good'Americans. Wo can still send the  survivors food and clothing with the  consent of the conqueror fat which he  doubtless laughs amusedly, as all being within the food calculations of tho  blooded people,  understand and  the patronage of red  There are some who  resent helplessly.  Does anyone think for a. moment  that if our American Ambassador in  Berlin were to publish a similar notice  to the German people he would be per-  niilted-to remain in Germany except as  a hostage.  But why go on with further incidents and the detatils of the '"firm attitude"' and "strict accountability" of  our international correspondence? The  murders of Americans continue. The  correspondence continues and everybody seems to love the flesh pots of  peaceful prosperity, disgraceful peace j  and disgraceful happiness. '  We demand that the captain of the  submarine who murdered the passengers on the Ancona shall be "slapped on the wrist." We acquiesce in the  so-called execution of Miss Cavel. Wc  are a great people.  With what submissiveness shall we  take the next instructions to Americans when published by His Excellency?  Wc have had our lesson���������we belter  bow down low and obey. We are doing  so. lOverylhiiig is perfectlv satisfactory.  "Babbling fools" continue lo babble  of peace and neutrality when there is  neither. The enemy carries on war in  onr country and we think it is peace.  Our Washington officials call it infractions of our neutrality. Then more  dynamite, more murders, and more  diplomatic correspondence.  The German General in America is  indeed a real General. (.  If approval of our course is modern  then indeed I am not au i  American Paper Believes That Canada's Part in the War is a Far-  ' Seeng Defensive Proceeding  As a nation living and progressing  along the line of personal liberty and  the individual initiative, and desiring  and insisting upen the opportunity to  develop ourselves in peace, we arc  profoundly interested in the heroic  support that Canada is giving to the  allied cause, which:in many ways represents the things that we most care  for as a nation. In this respect at  least the United States is, as Mr. De-  pew put it "associated with Canada."  The Canadian confederation is like  another self to the American-union.  It is an instructive thing to study the  influences which underlie Canada's  action in this crisis. It is not so  many years since the London Times,  speaking for the British middle class  and the British middle position as between the great political parties, deliberately advised Canada to cut the  cord that binds her to the empire and  go her own way. Canada not only did  not go, but is today contributing her  treasure and her young manhood to  defend the mother country in a great  emergency. There must be something  besides tlte "call of the blood" in this  attitude. The Canadians, in point of  fact, are convinced that they have  much at slake, as a free country suspecting and hating militarism, as Britain herself. Participation in the war  is really a far seeing defensive proceeding on the part of Canada. We  are not politically or militarily associated with her in this warfare, but  we also have our interests in the conflict, and for much the same reason.���������  Boston Transcript.  Shall  we nor redesign  oi\r beloved  Uncle Sam?    Ought we  him as a blind, bloodless cigar store  Indian,  with   a  wooden    head  and  a  wooden heart and wooden insides?  Detroit, Mich., Jan. I!,  I'.iJIj.  Trench   Caps  Are   Issued  7th battalion of Ottawa is  . GramsEnted Eyciidi,  Byes inflamed by exposure  ������ to Cold Winds and Duat  -,,-T/ieC quickly relieved by Murino   R lEYtJ Eye Remedy. No Smarting, just Eye Comfort. At Your Druggists'  60c per Bottle. Murine Eye Salve inTubea 25c.  For Hook of the Eye Free write  Murine Eyo Remedy Company, Chicago  W. N. U. 1090  Ncv/  The 77th battalion of Ottawa is the  first in Canada to be issued the new  trench caps which are superseding  tho time honored fur wedges as a  soldier's head dress in the winter  time. The men made their appearance recently wtih the new caps,  which arc in appearance a great improvement on the fur wedges and are  much preferred by the men. They  are made of a wool mixture, khaki  color, very similar in shape to hats  worn by the soldiers in summer, but  of much heavier material. They arc  provided wtih earlups and keep tho  head warm without the uncomfortable  heat and weight of the fur caps.  Soma remarkable facts about the  metal required to till the orders for  not to depict j shrapnel and other shells that Europe  ' has placed in the United States were  given recently by the Jlining and Engineering World. A British ������!.G inch  shrapnel shell requires G pounds ]5Vt  ounces of steel, and 5 pounds 9%  ounces of brass that contains from 66  to 70 per cent, of copper, or about 3%  pounds; and round the shell is a small  copper band that weighs 4v-i ounces.  A shell of that size requires 1.37  pounds of spelter, its contents consist of 7.02 pounds of bullets, composed of seven parts of load and one part  of antimony. Now, Europe has ordered not less than 25,000,000 shells of all  kinds. To make them will use up 101,-  000,000 pounds of copper, 46,750,000  pounds of spelter, and 173,200,000  pounds of lead.  HOME iKEATMENT���������Describe your disease,  and write {or free took and lesliraooialH.  THE CANADA CANCER  INSTITUTE, Limitid  ���������n CHURCHILL AVE., TORONTO  A Problem in Industry  Women engaged in occupations formerly regarded as reserved for men  have increased in numbers, according  to London census returns, from 35.000  to 50,000 in the current year. This  momentous change is due chiefly to  the taking of places vacated by enlisting men;- The necessity forced on  many women through, the loss of bread  winners is also an influence, and there  is a general (endency of inventive genius in every industry to devise means  of transferring work from men to, women. Every invention that enables  women on a large scale to do work  formerly requiring men means a large  volume of profit through the economy  effected. Towards the primitive condition in which woman maintains and  man defends the race the progress of  invention is moving.  Another suggestive statistical disclosure is that the female population  of London exceeds the male by ovqj  one'million. This presents a problem'  to all who strive to arrest tbe changing-' tendency and contend that woman's place is the home. There'must  be a million homeless to provide for,  and the aggregate excess of the female population is likely to increase.  ���������Toronto Globe.  Great Mineral Wealth  A minihg authority, has estimated  that British Columbia has produced  metals and minerals "in the last fifteen  years valued at five hundred and ten  million dollars. The year's output is  valued at thirty-two million livo hundred thousand.. The mineral industries  of British Columbia include tho two  largest copper mines in the Britsh  empire, . one of which is producing  over one -hunderd and forty million  pounds of coppc r per year. British  Columbia's gold output .for 3 015 is estimated at seven millions.  Lloyd George the Man of Action  Mr. Lloyd George is the active man  of the administration. Ho is always  doing something, and. lately, he has  seemed to be doing the right thing at  the right time. Popular judgment oL  him' is based on his words,-though, as  surely as the popular judgment of Mr.  Asquith. His appeal to������the Unionists  for the immediate, self sacrificing help  the nation needs was a masterly collocation of words, full of phrases  which must have strongly impressed  his hearers. It was one of the memorable oratorical efforts the v.'ar has ins-  spired in Great Britain.���������New York  Times.  historical Tree Cut Down  The big elm tree in Independence  Square, Philadelphia, said to have  been planted by King Edward VII. of  England when he visited this country  as Prince of Wales in 1861, was cut  down recently. The tree had been  dead for some time. Under.the ground  surrounding the tree when the stump  was removed were found several objects, including a six-pound cannon  ball ami a variety of coins, some of  revolutionary date.  Giant Battleplanes  - -Baron ��������� Cederstroem, the ', well-  known airman; ami director of the  Swedish government aeroplane factory near Stocknolm, says light  monoplanes are things of the past,  and the builders are devoting their  energies to the construction of heavy  armoured biplanes capable of carrying immense loads of guns, wireless  apparatus, petrol, bombs, and signalling apparatus  for long journeys.  The revolving air cooleu motors  have almost been entirely discarded  for stationary water cooled engines.  -nrss  Hospitals are great and_necessary institutions, but they  should be the last resort for women who suffer with ills  peculiar to their sex.    Many letters on file in the Pinkham  Laboratory-at Lynn, Mass., prove that a great number of  women after they have been recommended to submit to an  operation have been made well by Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound.     Here are three such letters.   All  sick women should read them.  Marinette, "Wis.���������"I went; to the doctor and  he told me Imust have an operation for a female  trouble, and I hated to have it doners I had been,  married only a short time. I would have terrible  pains and my hands and feet were cold all tho  time. I took Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and was cured, and I feel better in every  way. I give you permission to publish my name  because I am so thankful that 1 feel well again,'*  ���������Mrs- Fked Behnke, Marinette, Wis.  Detroit, Mich.���������"When I first took Lydia E.  *~^--_���������^ Pinkham's Vegetable Compound I was so run down  ���������with female troubles that I could not do anything, and our doctor  said I Avould have to undergo an operation. I could hardly walk  without help so when I read about the Vegetable Compound and what  it had-done for others I thought I would try it. I got a bottle of  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and a package of Lydia E.  Pinkham's Sanative Wash and used them according to directions.  They helped me and today I am able to do all my work and lam well."  ���������Mrs. Thos. Dwveh, 930 Milwaukee Ave., East, Detroit, Mich.  Bellevue, Pa.���������" I suffered more than tongue can tell with terrible  bearing down pains and inflammation. I tried several doctors and  they all told me tlie same story, that I never could get well without  an operation and I just dreaded the thought of that. I also tried a  good many other medicines that were recommended to me and noncr  of them helped me until a friend advised me to give Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a trial. The first bottle helped, I kept  taking it and now I don't know what it is to be sick any more and I  am picking tip in weight. I,am 20 years old and weigh 145 pounds.  It will be the greatest pleasure to me if I can have the opportunity to recommend it to any other suffering woman."���������Miss Ibenss  Eeoklichek, 1923 Manhattan St., North Side, Bellevue, Pa.  If you would like special advice write to !Lydia E. Pinkham  Med. Co. (confidential),Ejynn, Mass. Your letter will be opened,  read and answered by a woman aud held in strict confidence  1  Ml  1  1  1  1  I  1  1 THE    SUN,    GRAND    FOIIKS,   B. C  Vf  substitute will   save" money  kitchen as Bovril doss,  or  same nourishing value to soups  beef of a  in  p-ive  the  whole bullock  ���������and stews.  to make a dozen bottles'of Bovril.    Bovril is thus-  so strong that it cannot possibly be put up in cheap  cubes.    Get   the real' thing���������Bovril in   the Bovril  bottle.  ���������?/������.;  '/ay  e-^iasses  y  A Free Prescription  You Can Have Filled and Use at Homo  Do you -wear glasses ? Aro you a vlc-  lUwof eye-strain or other eye-weaknesses?  3E so, you will be glad to know lUat there  j������ real hope for you. Many whoso eyes  ���������were falling say they have had their eyes  lestored through the principle of this won-  ���������flerful free prescription. One man says,  jsfter trying It : "I was almost blind ;  .could not see to.reml al all. Now 1 can  read everytnLiig without any glasses and  jnv eyes do not water any more. At ulglit  ih'ey would pain UreaiUully; now (hoy i'eel  fine all the time. It was like a miracle to  me." A 'lady who used it says : "Tlie  atmosphere seemed hazy with or without  glasses, but after using this prescription  for fifteen days everything seems clear. I  can even read flne print wilhout glasses."  It is believed that thousands who we:ir  glasses can now discard thorn in a reasonable time, and mull Unties more will be  - able to strengthen their eyes so as to be  spared tho trouble and expense ot ever  getting glasses. Eye troubles of-many descriptions may bo wonderfully benefitted  by following the simple rules. Hero is the  prescription : Go to any active drug store  and set a bottle of Bou-Onto. Fill u two-  ounce bottle with warm water, drop in  one Uon-Opto tablet and allow to,dissolve.'  With this liquid, bathe the eyes two to four  times daily. You should notice your eyes  clear up perceptibly right from the start,  and inflammation will'..'fiuielily -disappear.  If your eyes are bothering' you, even" a  little, take steps to save them now, -befor'a  It .is too late. ���������'��������� Many hopelessly blind  might have been saved if they had cared  for their;eyes in time. The Valmas Drug  Co., of "Toronto, will fill the above prescription by mail, if your druggist cannot.  Don't tako too irony clianrri villi spavin,  spilnt, cutb,iluglioiic, bony i;rowllii,8tr..-llln~i  ^U     _At������i       a'"' "r '���������''"loii'-'w.   Vso  tkeudln'.iaWeiciacuiy-  JOGMALL'S  Spavin Care  It has bcciuiscd by  horsemen,  veterinarians and farmers iov 35..years-  ami it has proved  its worth in hundreds  of. thousands of cases.  Bickerdike, Alta., Jan. 20,1918.  "I have been using Kendall's Spavin Cure  lor a good many years with good results.   Iu  fact, I am never without it."  IX. JTElnORF.  51 a bottle���������<J for Sii, at druggists���������or write for  copy or our book "Treatise ou the Horse" free.  Dr. B. J. KENDALL COMPANY  Enoaburff FaHs, Vermont, U.S.A. 100  Measuring   Hay   in   Stack  A number- oi' enquiries have been  received concerning quantity of hay  in stacks of different sixes. It is impossible to give any rule that will be  at all accurate as allowances must be  made for the lime tlie hay has been  ^pttling and the kind of grass. The  usual method is to determine the approximate height -and ��������� width and  length of the stack and in this way  find the number of cubic feet. The'  number of cubic I'eel in a ton varies  from . 400 to 500, depending on the  kind of hay, its degree of ripeness  when cut, the height of the stack, etc.  For timothy and clover hay in moderate size stacks about t>00 cubic feet  is -required to make a ton of well settled hay. Prairie hay and slough hay  are somewhat heavier and from 400  lo 450 cubic feet will make a ton. The  United States department of agriculture gives the following method of  determining the number of cubic feet  in a hay stack: Multiply the overthrow (the distance in feet from the  ground on one side'of the stack over  ���������the stack to the ground on the other  side, by .">J, and "then by tbe length  and by the width. This is probably  a little more accurate than to try to  determine the average height and  Width.���������Montreal  Family  Herald.   '-  ;.-������������������ Cauge of Asthma���������No one can say.  with certainty exactly: what causes,  the establishing: of ; asthmatic conditions.- Dust from the street, from  flowers, from grain and various other  irritants may set up a trouble impossible to irradicate except '.through a  sure preparation ������������������.such."as Dr. J. D.  Kellogg's Asthma Remedy. .Uncertainty may exist as to cause, but there  can be- no uncertainty regarding a  remedy .which has freed a generation  of asthmatic victims from this scourge  of .the bronchial tubes. Jt is sold  everywhere.  Germans Buy Goats to Feed Children  The poor children of Berlin will suffer less from a shortage of milk if the  latest plan of the Prussian ministry of  agriculture proves a success. It is  announced that a large number of  -milch goats will be purchased in the  near future and farmed out among  herders in the province of Rranden-'  berg, and that the milk from them will  be distributed free to the Berlin  children.  ' The.goat's milk will be reserved exclusively for the children* of families  in poor circumstances, who will not  need in future to suffer from the flucl-  ations in the supply of cow's milk.  The chamber of agriculture in the pro-,  vincc of Brandenberg is to be charged  'with the buying of (lie goats. The distribution of the milk will be entrusted  to the National Woman's Association.  New Hussian Force  CONSUMPTION  .SEND FOR FREE BOOKLET  CONTAINING FULL PARTICULARS  OF  OUR  TREATMENT    .:m.  NATURE'S CREAilON COMPANY  OF   CANADA,   LIMITED  Room, 14 Cosgrave  Bldg.  163  Yonge St.  TORONTO, CANADA  ^m^i^smmm^^^ir^^mjs^:^  The Manitoba government is said to  have been contemplating assistance to  the extent of $500,000 to an abattoir to  be established at Winnipeg. If the  assistance is given, the rates and service in the abattoir will be directly  under the control of the government.  It is claimed that this would be a  great advantage to .stock raisers and  farmers disposing of their animals  through the Winnipeg market.  Home of the Thoroughbred  The British Isles form the home of  the  thorougubred  horse.   'The  breed  as    it   is now known, was gradually  built up  during the seventeenth and  eighteenth  centuries,  chiefly  by  the  crossing of Eastern sires with native  stock, and'in a lesser degree by the  importation of.-Eastern"maras. There  are indeed  authorities who  consider  the present day racehorse to be the  result of a combination of the Arab  and the British Avafhorse of mediaeval  times.   But no matter what his exact  origin may be, the fact remains that  the thoroughbred is the most valuable  horse in the world, and that his presence iu the Continent of Europe, in  America,  both  north and  south,' and  ���������in the Colonies, is due to the breeders  who have for several generations sold  their surplus stock to buyers from all  parts   of  tha   world.     The   thoroughbreds, on the whole, does better iu the  British Isles than anywhere else, and  thus    it happens    that    though each  country in Avhich racing.takes place  has   now  thoroughbred  stock  and  a  stud book of its own, each and every  one of these countries has to come to  the fountain head every now and then  to    buy    fresh blood from  the racehorse   owners    and    breeders of the  British Isles. .      ��������� ���������,  Dangerous Throat Troubles  Prevented fey Nerviline  'IT ENDS   MISERY   OF  COLDS QUICKLY  ,  Don't wait till night. '  Get after your cold now���������this very  minute, before it grows dangerous  you should apply old-time "Nerviline."  Rub(. your chest and throat, rub  them thoroughly with Nerviline. belief will be immediate.  \Nerviline will save you from lying  awake tonight,... coughing, .choking  and suffering from congestion in the  chest and acute pain in the throat.  Nerviline will break up that dull  .neuralgic headache���������will kill the cold  and chill at its very beginning���������will  save you from perhaps a serious illness.  To take away hoarseness, to break  up a grippy cold, to cure a sore throat  or bad cold in the chest, you can use  nothing so .speedy and effective as  Nerviline. For forty years it has been  the most largely used family remedy  in the Dominion. Time has. proved  its merit, so can you by keeping  handy on the shelf the large:50c family size bottle; small trial size, 25c,  sold by any dealer anywhere. ���������;  "Death's   Hussars"   is  the   Nam;   of  a  New  Irregular  Force   in   Russia  A grim fearsome force of irregulars  has  arisen  lately in  Russia.  In France this new force might be  described as l'ranctircurs, though (he  title would not bo altogether appropriate; in Spain it would be called  guerilleros; in the Balkans comit-  adijis, though here, again, the title  would not altogether lit them. 1 can  best describe them, says Mr. T. 1\  O'Connor, as an irregular force which  acts independently of tiie general  body of the army, and devotes itself  principally to hurried, perilous, and  merciless raids on the dispersed  forces of tiie German enemy. They  cut his communications; they kill his  stragglers; they sometimes rush  down on his officers' quarters; recently they captured a' general in this  way.  -In short, they are everywhere, must  be expected and watched everywhere,  are a terror, especially by night, and  nightly add to the toll of that terrific death iist which is filling the  pages   of  the  German  newspapers.  It is, of course, war to the knife  on both sides; they arc treated -with  the same ruthlessuess as they display���������not one can escape immediate  death if he be caught; they are in  every sense ofthe word Death's J-Ius-  sars.  Ask them what tb.57 think of Zani*  Buk and you will be suryrtsed how  many of -them would tell .rou it ia  tho best known healing balm, and  that it should be in every home.  A contest in " Every woman's  World" recently proved this!  .. Women from coast to coast hava  proved by actual tost that Zara-  Bulc-is unequalled for the skin din-  eases'and injuries of children as  well as of adult.-;. sThcy have found  Zam-Buk different to ordinary  ointments in that it allays the irritation as soon as applied; prevents  festering, inflammation, blood poisoning, etc., and -ermanently heals  in a very short t'me. As a mother  and head of a family you owe it  lo yourself to have Zam-Buk always handy!  If you have not yet tried Zana-  Buk, get a box at once.  Druggists and stores, 50c  Heavy Mails For Prisoners  The Swiss" mails have transmitted  to prisoners of war .during the period  from August 19 to December 15, 1015,  13,000,000 parcels, 70,000 letters and  cards and 2,000,000 money orders for  a total sum. of 30,000,000 francs of  which 23,000,000 francs was for  French prisoners in Germany and 7,-  000,000 for Germans in France.     ���������  The Swiss priest, Philippe Jseppi of  Samaden, has been appointed visitor  for Italian prisoners in Austria and  Father Noseda, of Morbid,-".also"-'a  Swiss,  will visit Austriads    in Italy.  A Power "of Its Own.���������Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil has a subtle power of  its own that other%oils cannot pretend  to, though there *aro many pretenders. All who have used it know this  and keep it by them as the most  valuable liniment available. Its uses  arc innumerable and for many years  it has 'been prized as the leading liniment for man and beast.  The British Aristocracy  Oxford, home of aristocracy among  other lost causes, was perhaps hardest hit of all English institutions  when the Avar broke oi;t. The aristocracy itself never has given a pretext for the advocates .of conscription,  because the aristocrac-y of England is  in the. field and has been since the beginning. It is not only fighting, it is  sacrificing itself every day,; and the  toll of noble lives which cuts England's heart is appalling even to us,  who consider one life as sacred as another.���������Philadelphia Public Ledger.  PERFECTION RAZOR PASTE  |W7!I Sharpen your Razor 1'ctlcr ted Quieter  Ibati can be clone in any other vvay. La ate a  IJfaiime. Satisfaction guaranteed or money  refunded post free 2S cento Tony Knzor  Strops 75 conts. O. K. Strops $1.50���������Besfl  Swnde.���������-Ccnatia Ko:ia Co.. WawoncEa. Muni.  Wiba. Canada,  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures Garget  in  "Whatever became of that chap  Timson who was in our class at college and who gave promise of becoming a wonderful inventive genius?'*  "He made good on tlie promise all  right. He's doing nothing since he  left college but invent ways of dodging work."  B������war������   of  Ointments  for Catarrh   That  v Contain Mercury  as mercury, will surely destroy the sense  or smell and compretely derange the  y/holo system when entering- it through  the mucous surfaces. Such articles should  never be used except on prescriptions  from reputable physicians, as the damage  they will do Is ten fold to the good vou  can possibly derive from them Hall's  Catarrh Cure, manufactured- by F. J.  Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contains no  mercury, and in taken Internally, actin"  directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of tho oystem. In buying Hall's  Catarrh Cure bo sure you get tho sen-  Fln������ , l} i^,t,aUe,n internally and made  in Toledo. Ohio, by JF. J. Cheney & Co.  Testimonials  free.  Sold by Druggists. Price. 76c. per bottle.  Tako Hall's Family Pilla for constipation.  ��������� Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Since the Russians assumed the offensive protective machine to prevent loss in attack are being used  more and more by the enemy.  One is called by Germans Teufels-  wand (the devil's wall). It is an  elahoration of an invention of the  Russian engineer Pletneff, which was  used witlreffect near Warsaw. The  Devil's Yvall is a steel or steel-sheeted breast-high barrier mounted on  wheels. It is from ten to fifteen  yards long. The men are sheltered bv  it from all missiles, except hand grenades.  On the front side of the wall are  artificial arms, also dipping and  hacking appliances, which are manipulated by soldiers. Small trees  forming obstacles lo the "wall's", advance can be sawn through, and wire  .entanglements can be clipped to bits.  A Complete Breakdown  -v-  After;la;GRIPPE  It  Leaves  the   Sufferer  Victim of Many Forms  of Weakness  a  PRESSED HARD  Heavy Weight on Old Age  W. N. U. 1090  Serbians   Gnawed   Bark off Trees  The English Red Cross unit attached lo tlicf Serbian army had to  abandon $.",000 worthy of tents, several motor cars and valuable sets of  operating instruments, besides leaving the wounded behind in ihe hands  of the advancing Bulgarians.  Two of these nurses have reached  Saloniki with nothing but the dollies  they had on, Everything else was  lost. The two young women had  tramped for seven days, making  twenty-four miles in one day.  Roads were covered witli mud and  the women hud to spend the night in  barns and earthen hovels. Some ot  the refugees and prisoners were so  hungry, said the nurses, that they ate  the bark of trees. They declared (he  patience and endurance of the Serbians was marvelous and there was  no complaining.  It is the good old summer time in  the Argentina, hut the people there  are going to have the fruits of our  season, even if Ihey do come high,  says a despatch from New York. The  liner Vestris sailed for the South  American republic with L',000 tons'of  Oregon apples and California pears  and 1,000 tons of potatoes. Both the  apples and pears will sell in'Buenos  Ayres for about 15 cents apiece.  When people realize the injurious  effects of tea and coffee and the better health that a change to Postum  can bring, they are usually glad to  lend their testimony for the benefit  of others.  "My mother, since her early childhood, was an inveterate coffee drinker, had been troubled with .her heart  for a number of years and complained  of that 'weak-all-over' feeling aud sick  litomaeh." (The effects of tea on the  system are very similar to those of  coffee, because they each contain the  drug, caffeine).  "Some time ago I was making a  visit to a distant part of the country  and took dinner with one of the merchants of the place. I noticed a somewhat unusual flavor of the 'coffee'  and asked him concerning it. He replied that it was Postum.  "I was so pleased with it that T  bought a package to carry home with  me, and had wife prepare some for  tho next meal. The whole family  liked if so well that we discontinued  coffee and used  Postum entirely.  "I had been very anxious concerning my mother's condition, but we noticed (hut after using Postum for a  short lime she felt -much better, had  little trouble with her heart, and no  sick stomach; that the headaches  were not so frequent, and her general  condition much improved. This continued until she was well and hearty.  "I know Postum has-benefitted myself and the other members of the  family, especially my mother, as she  was a victim of long'standing." Name  given by Canadian Postum Co., AVind-  sor, Ont.    ���������        *  Postum comes in two forms:  Postum Cereal���������the original form���������  must be well boiled. 15c and 25c  packages.  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder  ���������dissolves quickly in a cup of hot  water, and, witli cream and sugar,  makes a delicious beverage instantly.  I'.Oc and 50c tins.  Both kinds are equally delicious  and cost about the same per cup.  "There's a Reason" for Postum.  ���������sold by Grocers.  ���������Ask', those'-who have had la grippe  regarding    the    present condition ot  their health and most of them will answer  "Since  I  had  the grip  I  have  never been well."   There is a persistent weakness of the limbs, bad digestion, shortness of .breath and palpitation of the heart caused by the thin-  blooded   condition   in  which  grip   always  leaves  its  victims    after    the  fever and influenza    have    subsided.  They    are at the mercy of relapses  and complications, often very serious.  This condition will continue until the  blood is built up again, and for this  purpose     nothing  can   equal   a   fair  treatment with  Dr.  Williams'    Pink  Pills, which  quickly make  the  blood  rich .and   red,  drive    the - lingering  germs from the system and transform  despondent grip victims into cheerful,  healthy, happy men and women.   Mr.  John Battersby, London,  Ont., says:  "Just  before  Christmas,  1914,  I  was  taken     down   with   an  attack  of  la.  grippe, and. the trouble left me in a  deplorable   condition.    I   was  almost  too weak to Walk about, as I was then  working on  a farm  in  Western  Ontario,  I  was  quite  unable  to  follow  my usual Avork.   I tried several kinds  of medicine, but it did not help me. As  a matter of fact I felt steadily growing  weaker,  and   in   this     condition,  when reading a paper, I saw Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills  advertised  and  decided to try them.   I got a supply and  by the time the second box was finished I felt better than I had done for  fnonths. This was my first experience  with Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, but you  may   depend   upon   it   that   if   I   find  medicine necessary again I will know  just what to take."  You can get these pills from any  dealer in medicine or by mail, post  paid, at 50 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  Wood's j[?Iies������>i26cLiao/  The Great English Remedy.  Tones aiul invigorates tho v/holn  nervous syslein, makes new Blood  in old- Veins, Cures Nervous  Debility, Mental and Bruin Worry, Dcspon-  denev, T.oss of Energy, J'alpittttion of ihe  Heart, Failing Memory. Price SI per box, six  for$5. Ono will pleaoc, six:will cure. Soldbyalt  druggists or mailed in plain pkg. on receipt of  price. New pc mphlftmailed free. THE WOOD  MEDSCJNE CO.,T0B0NT0,0IiT.  (F������focr!j WlodwrJ  T  LITTLE  HINGSCOUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,'1  the. wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  sre made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  All Eddy products  are dependable products���������Always.  THE NEW FRENiH REMEDY. Nol. N������2.N.3.  TH E RAPION -SSSira  Ereat success, cures chronic weakness, lost vigor  & VIM, KlDNKV, BLADDER. DISEASES. BLOOD POISOS.  PILES. EITHKR Ko. DRUGGISTS or MAIL 51. TOST 4 CT5  FOUCKKA Co. 90. BEEKMAN ST. NEW YORKor LYMAN BRn-������  toronto. write i'or free book to dr. h.v. clerc  Mkd.Co. HaverstockRd.Hampstkad, Londov, E:;o.  trynew draoeii i tasteless) robmop easy to taks  SAFE AND  LASTING CURE.  SEE THAT THAUE   MARKED WORD   ' THERAPION ' IS OS  SXIT.OOVT. STAMP Af FLXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKETS.  The man who had made a huge l'or-  tune was speaking a few- word;; to a  clas.s of students at a business college. Of course the main theme of his  address was himself.  "All my sucessjn life, all my tremendous financial prestige," he said  proudly, "J owe to one thing alone���������  pluck. Just take that for your motto,  pluck, pluck, pluck!"  He made an impressive pause here,  but tho effect was ruined by one student who asked impressively:  ''Yes, sir; but please tell us whom  did you pluck?"  "I've just made free resolutions fur  lOlti, an' I'm goin* to keep every ono  of them," said Dusty Rhodes.  "Ye ain't resolved to go to work,  hev ye, ole pal?"  "No. My resolutions arc dese: Tn  1H.1G I ain't going to drink champagne  or take milk baths or put up at .de  King Edward when I'm in Toronto."  Minard's  theria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  Passay is always denouncing  literature. She thinks there's  worth   reading    except    the  Miss  modern  nothing  classics.'1  "She seems to forget that mo3t of  the classics were modern when she  was young."  Worms   sap   the  .strength  dorrnine    the    vitality    of  Strengthen   them  by    using  Graves' .Worm Exterminator  out the parasites.  and   un-  cliildren.  Mother  to drive  Honey Production  A return issued by the British Columbia department of agriculture  places the honey production of the  province this year at 200,000 pounds,  British Columbia produces a great  -wealth of Mowers in unmeasured areas  and as the climate appears to he very  suitable to boos, a great honey industry is predicted.  The Army of  Constipation  Is Growing Smaller Every Day,  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS sre  responsible���������tlicy not  only give relief���������  they permanently  cure Constipa.  lion.   Millions use  them for  Biliousness, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skin.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  ���������v  .rajoiwriAcmr  ^^^^MS^i^^s^SS^^i^^^i^MSis^^iS^^S^?^ i������5iwias������w������B������re������w������������������������������aMW*f#j[j'fM������Muwj<: ���������  ������������������;'\i-'o  THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   h. C.  I'j'  I  \  v  |i  FINE   JEWELLERY  Let us help you pick that Present you are  going to give.  YVe have a beautiful line of  Gut Gllass,Silverware,Mantie Clocks  At prices that. have  not been advanced  since the war. *  A. D,-MORRISON i^Vb^o^l?^.  ofe drattfr Storks ������>utt  G. A.  EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  That can out be. To ask us to be neutral, in thought  or in wm-d, toward France is to ask us to be .base.  France does not ask our aid. She does' riot demand  even our sympathy, though she knows she possesses It.  But as she goes bravely, modestly on, without a vaunted word, as she fronts the iron hail and the bursting  storm which rends her forts and devours her very hills,  at least the heart and soul of America will fight by her  side.  subscription rates���������payable in advance  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) SI.00  One Year (in the United States)      1.50  Address all communications to  The Ghand Forks Sun,  ���������Piioxe R74 Ghand Forks, B. C.  FRIDAY, MARCH 24, 1916  It is reported from  Victoria  that William  Blakemore  is  endeavoring to reorganize the  Conservative party of the province.   Anything  that Mr. Blakemore may reorganize  will  not  he  an   improvement  on   the present Bowser  machine.    In Grand Forks he is   best known  as the commissioner who vvas sent here by the  McBride-Bovvser government to enquire   into  the  conditions   existing   in    the  Doukhobor  colony at Carson.    By his action  and  recommendation in connection with that enquiry he  did not endear himself to  the people  of this  community.    In Victoria Mr. Blakemore publishes a small weekly paper.    During the past  ten  or  twelve  years that paper has been the  most   venal apologist of the McBride-Bowser  administration in the province, and when  the  government was  Hush  with  money  it drew  thousands of dollars out of the public treasury  annually as patronage.  When the government  became pinched for cash the paper  gradually  decreased in size until until it was  no  larger  than a letterhead.   Then it apparently aligned  itself with the liquor interests, and under the  stimulus of its new surroundings  it has  evidently regained some of its old-time audacity,  else its editor would not aspire to  reorganize  a great political party.  This is what Premier Bowser intends to force the  province to provide: Salary for Sir Richard McBride,  815,000 per year; gratuity lor Mr. Turner, So,000; annual pension for Mr. Turner, $6,000; pension for Mrs.  Turner in the event of her surviving Mr. Turner, 83,000  per year. In addition to this will be the general cost  ot running the office, which now being boused luxuriously in anew building, will be much heavier'"than it  was before.  The government members in the house are  furious. They are not used to an opposition.  They have been having their own way for so  many years that they imagined they owned  Ihe province, and that the electors had no  right to send men to the legislature to pry into  their deals. No wonder they rave. A few  years on the opposition benches will undoubtedly tame them.  The government's long record of Ptudied contempt  for the will of the people was crowned last night by an  affront without parallel in the history of the couutry.  Notwithstanding the conclusive declardtion of half the  electorate that they had had enough of the corrupt, ar  rogant and incompetent administration which has  cursed this province so long, Premier Bowser and -his  servile majority forced through the house a measure ex  tending the legislative term until June. This piece of  tyranny, thoroughly Prussian,in its conception", was enforced by methods wholly in accord with the spirit of it  and characteristically Bowpprian- It was marked by  grotesque interpretations of the rules by the speaker,  who never exhihited his pitiable subservience to his  master, or his domineering hostility to his political op  ponents, more glaringly The whole episode was a dis  graceful climax to the reign of loot and jobbery which  has wrecked the credit and reputation of this great  province and brought it to the verge of ruin.���������Victoria  Times.  We are indebted to the Medley Gazette for reminding  us of the performance of a duty of which we have been  remiss: %'Gus Evans, editor of the Grand Forks Sun,  has just been- elected hotioriry vice president of the  Grand Forks Poultry association. A most opportune  appointment Gus can now crow to his heart's content over th^ recent Liberal victories at the coast."  We are disapointed in the speech made by  Hon. Lome A. Campbell, minister of mines,  in the house this week; ,<Mr. Campbell laid  the recent defeats of the machine to the fact  that a great many Conservatives are away  fighting in the trenches. This is a plain intimation that there are no Liberals at the front.  We took Mr. Campbell to be a more broad-  minded man.  A machine organ up north accuses its Liberal contemporary of a lack of erudition. As  we have never known a Tory paper in this  province to be deep in anything except in the  public treasury, we consider ��������� this a most unkind cut.  Necessity is the mother of invention, and the hungry  Frenchman told abiut in a biography recently published in England illustrates the old adage anew.  He was in an Engtish restaurant and wanted eggs for  breakfast, bur had forgotten the English word. So he  got around the difficulty in rbe following manner:  "Vaiterre, vat is dat valking in the yard?" .  " "A rooster, sir." '  "Ah! and vat you call de roo&ter's vife?"  "The hen, sir." '" ^  "And vat you oil de childrens of de rooster and his  vife?"  "Chickens, sir."  "But vat you call de chicken before'de}'are chicken?"  "Eggs, sir."  "Bring me two" -  The member for E<quimalt said in the house that it  would be a longtime before British Columbia produced  a man to f-qual Sir Richard McBride True, true, and  thank heaven for it. Another like Sir Richard would  mean $30,000 per annum plus frills instead of $15,000.  ���������Victoria Times.  A large number of proverbs, adages and  saws crumble when analyzed by the present-  day standard of civilization. A scrutiny of  the figures of the collections gathered in at the  Spokane envangelistic campaign convinces us  that salvation is not entirelv free.  To mix patriotism and politics is to establish a dangerous precedent. Some of the Tory  politicians at Victoria are at present treading  very close to the danger line.  An enterprising stationer in Manchester,England,says  the Guardian, exhibits a large placard over his window  as follows: "Zeppelin Raids. It's time to make your  will and say your prayers. We sell will forms and  prayer books."  The English landlady of a boardinghouse always  made a point of asking departing guests to write something in her visitor's book. She was very proud of it���������  of some of the people whose names were in tha volume  and tbe nice things they said.  "But there's one thing I can't understand," the  woman confided to a friend, 'and that is what an  American put in the book after stopping here. People  always smile when they read it."  "What was it?" asked the other.  "He wrote only the words, 'Quoth the raven.' "  Mr. Lucas rjmined the legislature yesterday that  British Columbia produced, among other things, more  fish and minerals ��������� than Saskatchewan and Manitoba.  We are sure the member for Yale is right. He might  have gone farther and said we produced more timber  than can be found on the prairies. And he would have  been quite correct had he pointad out that British Columbia haB produced more deficits in the last five years  than Manitoba and Saskatchewan together. All praise  to the McBride-Bowser government!���������Victoria Times.  The Boston Transcript pays the following eloquent  tribute to France: And now France is passing through  her great and supreme test. Shall we forget in her  trouble and danger, that she saved us in our own? Shall  we forget the tide of joy that ran through our lives,in wit  and eloquence and poetry, sparkling from   French lips?  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  NOTICE TO FARMERS  Before buying your GARDEN  GRASS  Or FIELD GRAIN don't fail to see- us.  We can save you moneys  E. C. HENNIGERj  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink. Also imprinted wrappers. Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live   stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off" in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  N-  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TkijF.phonf.s;  OFFICE,  Rl)6  Hanskm'h RKSIDKNCF..UJ!8  office, r������_6 _.._ Ffrst street  AUTO LIV  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  John Wanamakei' says in Judicious f  Advertising:      "AdvH'twng    doesn't  jerk; it pulls.    It begins   very gently ;  at first, but the pull is steady.    It in-! . .  creases day by day and year   by year,  entire year.   It IS the brightest  until it exerts an irresistible   power." paper in the Boundary cou .itry  Pays for The  Sun  for   an  ''   L THE   SUM,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.  Wm E. Scott, the deputy minister of agriculture, in the initial  number of the Agricultural Journal,  which is published from the government offices in Victoria, gives  some valuable suggestions to the  armerH and fruit grower's of British-  Columbia. He dealts at some length  with the difficulties which have   be  v set the man on the land for some  time, and inspires them with new  hope,    and   asks   alf   to   put their  -   shoulders  to the   wheel   and make  agriculture the first industry of   the  province.    Mr.   Scott's   article  fol  lows:  HELPING   THE  EMPIRE.  '   In these  stressful times, when .the  countries of Europe are being ravaged  and laid waste by the   barbarities-of  modern warfare,it behooves all of us to  do all that we possib'y can to help our  empire towards the   victorious conclusion o fthe war, so that, a   permanent  peace   may   be  established, when the  warring countries will be able to heal  their wounds and repair war's  desolation.  The farmers of British Columbiu  can and will do their part by striving  to keep ihin'gs going and increasing  production. This does not necessitate  increasing .acreage under crop, but  rather increasing returns by the adoption of better farming methods ���������  Sow better and cleaner seeds and  you will secure better crops. Prepare  your ground thoroughly; see that you  have an ideal seed bed; cultivate your  crops sufficiently; irrigate with intelligence. All this means larger yields  and better quality.  Dairymen, weigh your milk and use  a Babcock tester, and find out   which  are   the   paying   cows and which are  the boarders. Breed from a   carefully  selected sire.    Remember that the sire  is the foundation of- the    herd.     Set  yourselves a standard of   milk    yield  and get rid^of those that fall beneath  it.    Keep the heifers  from  your best  cows, and you will   be surprised iii   a  few years to see how you have   raised  your standard of production.  Poultrym^n, also, remember the  principle of breeding from selection,  and increase your egg yield by its  adoption.  Farmers,    be   more     businesslike  Keep a careful record   of  your   farm  operations.     This can easily be   done  by asimple system    of   bookkeeping.  Be methodical.     Let   there be a right  place for everything, and a right time  for doing everything      Persevere;   be  "industrious; pay   attention   to detail,  and   study   economy   in    production,  and you   will   be   rewarded and have  the satisfaction of seeing your returns  increase materially.  Our province is    undergoing  a   se-  veie financial[strain by importing many  millions   of   dollars'worth "of   beef,  mutton, pork, dairy and poultry   pro  ducts, fruits   and   vegetables, which,  with our matchless climate and fertile  soils, we can produce to  go kJ   advantage   in    our own country.    It is our  duty as farmers to make good    as  far  as we possibly can this   wastage,  and  it   is  also  the duty of the consuming  public   to  demand "home grown  produce and home-raised stock in  preference to the   imported   article.    How  can our province enjoy the fullest degree of prosperity when it is undergoing such needless financial strain?  What a difference it would make if  this money were kept in circulation  among our own people; and there is  no reason whyitshourd not. Farmers,  let us make up our minds to produce  ( whatis needed for home consumption.  By increasing our production we shall  be well serving our country and empire.  Farmres, why are you ��������� not  getting  the   price   for    the   produce of  your  farms to which you are justly entitled?  The answer is not far to  seek.    Individualism is the nightmare of farming.  You have.no method in your   marketing.   One farmer is selling against the  other, and by so doing you are giving  splendid opportunity, of which   he   is  not   slow   to   take, advantage, to the  man who  buys   vour   produce.    You  now.have to  accept   what   is  offered  you.   Is it not time that'you had a say  yourselves   in    the   price of the commodity you have for sale?    How...can  this   .be  doue? you will ask.-  I wouid  reply, By killing   this   individualistic  spirit and setting up in its place   the  co-op"erative spirit.    Those who handle  and market your produce are well   organized    Become so yourselves,or you  will always be the under dog.  Co operation carried out along good    business  lines   and    loyally   supported by  all  farmers, will remedy this   and   allow  you to have a say in the price of your  products, and will do away   with   the  present anomaly in fanning, which   is  the only business ' where   the  price is  fixed by the purchaser and not by the  producer, as it should be.  .Away, then, with   rivalries,   differences and jealousies.    Come  together,  and by united action put  farming  in  the   position    in   which it should be,-  viz , the first industry of our province  It has been truly said that successful co operation is   built   up   on   the  ashes of failure.    Do not let  that   be  the case with you.    Act at once.  ' Re  member, however, that this is a matter for the farmers - themselves to undertake.  No government can establish  co-oporation,    but   they  can and will  give it every legitimate support.  In conclusion, ma}' I express the  hope that this new venture of the department of agriculture    will    receive  agriculture between farmers and   this  department.   .  Let us hope that the   present   year  will    witness  a conclusion of this ter-1  riblo conflict, and that better days are|  ahead.   Meanwhile, do not let   us   be |  downhearted.  Remember that the sun  still ��������� shines   behind    the clouds, and  will again   break'out in  all  its glory,  and let all of us farmers who   can not I  serve our   empire at the front do our  duty at home.    Keep   things   going;  raise   more   and   better   crops; keep |  more-and better ssock.'   By  so doing,  we will be rendering tho  best  service!  to our king and country.  .0 CENT "CASCARETS"  IF BILIOUS OR COSTIVE  For   Sick   Headache,   Sour   Stomach,  Sluggish Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you sleep.  Furred Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches come from a torpid liver and  clogged   bowels,   which   cause   your  stomach to become filled with  undigested food, which sours and ferments  like garbage in a swill barrel.   That's  the first step to untold misery���������indigestion, foul gases, bad breatli, yellow  skin, mental, fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating.   A Cascaret  to-night   will   give   your   constipated  bowels    a    thorough    cleansing   and  straighten you out by morning.   They  work while.'���������you sleep���������a>.10-cent box  from your druggist will keep you feel-  :ng good for months.  Yale, Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the- world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  .1 .11 t    i ,, i     I in eacli class of goods.   Besides beiner n com-  the approval and support of those who   plute  commercial  jruido to London and  Its  i ��������� ..... ' suburbs, the directory contains lists of  are making their living oil" the land in  pur province, and that by means of  cordial co-operation of fanners, our  Monthly Journal, which starts with a  modest beginning, may rapidly in  crease its sphere of usefulness, and  tend towards a sympathetic co ordination    of effort for the   betterment of  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  tirrang-ed under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  EXPORT M ERCH A NTS  ' Goods they ship, and the  ;igu Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  1 under the Ports to which t  :ating the approximate Sail  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers. Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the.United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orliirger advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  2o, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made  to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly  Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WIlNNIPEG avenue  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  S  iut;ition eslstinff for "more than a third of a century," a long successful record ot sending Kur Shippers prompr.SATJSFACTORY  AND PKOFiTAIiLi; returns. Write for "Zbt fefwtiert Shipper,"  tho only reliable, ntvura'.j market report and price list published.  V.'.-!(o for U->:OV/-U'a FJIEE  *,���������,*   &    'ft   ^Hn&������JiST  W-   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  ^}J\  - *���������' -'��������� OOUJ5.L.K.I, t.UC, Oopt.C 87 CHICAGO, U.S.A.  TAKK  your   repairs  to   Annson, sl.on   re-  I  ���������    pairor.    Tho   Hub,    Look  fo" th-   Hig  Hoot.  M=a,ra������T*iB-iBrre������nay.BBco!M)TOre iswrwmw  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  UIOHKHT CASH PKlYrES nnid for old Siovf*  II    and    Kunges.    E. C.  Peoklmm,- i>w>u<\-  mid Store.  C_y4 policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of temptation  ���������they may* be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do so.  Your, competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Hi  jSTofc  to  advertise   regulaily   to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave  vour  business un-  protected.  TO THE  It is uo sign of weakness torfol-  lovv the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop whore you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction  of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C..  Glean, bright uten-  sils mean clean appetizing food���������use  Navigation in Hudson  Strait is Restricted  Color Blindness  A Rare Case Believed to Have Been  Discovered in a Soldier  In an Englishman who enlisted for  service wtih the Canadian contingent  psychologists believe they have.discovered a person color-blind co blue and  yellow���������a phenomenon as rare 03 the  proverbial white cow. Dr. Mabel  Claro Williams, assistant professor of  psychology of the University of Iowa,  is now at tlie Ncla Research Laboratory, Cleveland, Ohio, making tests  with delicate instruments/ which are  only to be had there, 10 prove that  the case is really what it seems to be.  The Englishman is on a furlough  while the tests of his .unique failing  are being made.  About four par cent, of all-persons  are color-blind, but only to red aud  green. The. usual color-blind person  cannot distinguish between the color  of a strawberry and its leaf but has  no difficulty in separating blue from  yel-lo'w. If the ^ests prove that the  Englishman has the rare form : of  colorblindness, the discovery will  have "much theoretical value in the  science of psychology.-^-TJ.  Bulletin.  INDIA   G.'VES   GENEROUSLY  ot  Iowa  BABY'S BATTLES   v ' ;.  AGAINST SICKNESS  Can. best be fought with Baby's  Own Tablets-���������the little pleasant tasting Tablet that never fails to regulate  the stomach and bowels and drive out  all minor ills of little ones. Concerning them Mrs. H. Hower, Eastburg,  Alta., says: "I have' four healthy  children thanks to the use of Baby's  Own Tablets. I have been using the  Tablets for the past eight years and  think them the best medicine in the  world for little ones." . The Tablets  arc sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 cents a box from The Dr.  Williams'- Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  Half of Crop Still in Hands of Farmers  Figures supplied by the Grand  Trunk Pacific, Canadian Northern  aud Canadian Pacific railways, report  that on December 31, 1915, there had  been handled by these roads a total  of 43,S20,00 bushels of wheat. It is  estimated that not much more than  half of the wheat crop of 1015 is out  of t.he hands of the farmers at present.  Hard and soft corns both yield to  Hollo way's Corn Cure, which is entirely safe to use, and certain aud satisfactory in its action.  The Senator and the Major were  walking up tug avenue! The Senator  was more than middle aged, and considerably more than fat, and, dearly as  the Major loved him, he also loved his  joke.  The Senator turned witli a pleased  expression on his benign countenance  and said: "Major, did you see that  pretty girl smile at me?"  "Oh, that's nothing," replied his  friend. "The first time I saw you I  laughed out loud."  .  Wife���������I see that Mrs. Ketclumi lias  got a divorce.  Hub���������Confound it!    That mean? another wedding present.  Hundreds of people succumb to consumption every day.    ���������  Science proves that the .(jenns only  thrive when the system is weakened from  colds or sickness, overwork, confining  duties or when general weakness.exists.  The best physicians point out that  during changiugseasons the blood should  be oiade rich ind pure and active by tak-  ingScottV,Kniulsionafterinealr,. Thecod  liver oil in Scott'r, Emulsion warms the  body by enriching the blood ; it peculiarly  strengthens the lungs and throat, while it  upbuilds the resistive forces of the body  to avoid colds and prevent consumption.  If you work indoors, tire easily, feel  languid or nervous, Scott's Emulsion is the  most slrengtlieniiigfood-mcdicine known.  It k totally free from stupefying drug*  Avoid substitutes.  14-42      Scott &. Bovrue, Toronto, Oatarto.  W. N. U. 1CS0  Ambulance     Funds     and     Aeroplane  Funds  Have  Now Reached  Large  ���������   Totals  The  princes   and   people   of  India  continue to shower their gifts to carry  I on the war to a successful issue. The  ; Punjab  aeroplane  fund  no  wexceeds  i 35,000 pounds.   Ambulance carts and  I motor.cars have been given while a  j general  hospital with 3,000  beds  for  i Mesopotamia   has   been   raised,   and  I the greater part of the material for  lit  collected.    Special  girts  of  about  "$80,000 from the Pepaul and Durbar  and about $40,000 from the prime minister of Nepaul have been made to the  viceroy  as  the  donation   toward, the  expenses  of the war.    Strenuous  efforts to assist in the manufacture of  munitions   continue  to   be  put  forth  and indeed India's endeavor to assist  tho allies to victory grows daily.  Engineer in Charge of Surveys Makes  His Report'to Government  ' F. Anderson, the officer in charge  of-the Hudson Bay surveys, does not  take a very optimistic view of the  navigability of the Hudson Strait under any conditions. His report of this  investigation during the year contained in the annual report of the department of naval affairs, states that as  already mentioned navigation would  would have been greatly impeded by  ice until the end of August for vessels entering the strait from the  i east and from early iii October entering" from the west because Fox Channel ice began to appear at the west  entrance about the latter date greatly  interfering with vessels.  As to the ending of the navigation  in the straits, Mr. Anderson states:  During the past season after the  middle of September snowstorms  were the order of the day, and this,  taken in conjunction with the ice  conditions detailed above, rendered  the period {luring which ordinary  tramp steamers -could have navigated the straits'/with safety is limited.  The employment of hydro-aeroplanes in connection with' wireless  stations to warn vessels in or out of  the iceberg dangers in Hudson Straits  is the rather unique recommendation  of Mr. .Anderson.  Miller's Worm Powders act so thoroughly that stomachic and intestinal  worms are literally ground up and  pass from the child without being noticed and without inconvenience to  the 'sufferer. They are painless and  perfect in action, and at all times will  be found a healthy medicine, strengthening the infantile stomach and maintaining it hi vigorous operation, so  that, besides being an effective vermifuge, they.are tonical and health-giving in their effects.   ���������  SHIPPING FEVER  Influenza, Pink-  Eye, Epizootic,  Distemper and all  nose and throat  diseases cured, and all others, no matter how "exposed."  Kept from having- any of these diseases with SPOHN'S  DISTEMPER COMPOUND. Thret- to six doses-often cure  a case. One small size bottle suarancoed to do so. 33r-st  tniriff tor brood, inures; ucls on the blood SPOHN'S is  sold by all ������ood druggists si ml harness shops or manufacturers.    Agents  wanted. . .  SP0HN MEDICAL CO.,  Chemists, GOSHEN, IND., U. S. A.  <*sS*  A Low Death Rate Results in Large Profits  War claims-less limn 3% of surplus  l-LIFl  Head Office���������Toronto  N.B.���������Write for Memo Booh and Circular.  ���������   Flour  Milling  Grinding "Western Canada's wheat  into flour is one of the natural industries of the country, which is growing  rapidly in importance. At Medicine  Hat, alone, the mills are now said to  represent a capital investment oi: upwards of a million and a half dollars.  They turn out eight "thousand bags  of flour every twenty-four hours, have  an annual payroll of ? 100,000', cm ploying 120 men, and pay a vast sum for  the products which they consume.  The products o'f these mills go fo  the uttermost parts of tho earth, including China, Japan, Fiji Islands,  New Zealand and Australia, besides  furnishing Hour for the citizens of  Western Canada, and bran aud shorts  to farmers and sfockraisers.  These Pills Cure Rheumatism.���������To  the many who suffer from rheumatism a trial of Parmelee's Vegetable  Pills is recommended...They have pronounced, action upon the liver and  kidneys and by regulating the action  of these organs act as an alternative  in preventing the admixture of uric  acid and blood, that causes this painful disorder. They .must" be taken according to directions and used steadily and they Avill speedily give evidence of their beneficial effects.  Auction Sales of Live Stock  The price which a settler would expect to pay if buying live stock in  Western Canada, or which he would  get if .selling, is well indicated by the  ligures prevailing at auction sales held  throughout the -country from time to  time. As a recent such sale at North  Battleford, Saskatchewan, spring  calves brought $24 to $30; yearling  steers. $40, and cows averaged about  ������00.  Canadians Are Volunteers  Canada need not have gone lo war.  Never lose sight of that fact. Wc are  a self governing people, and if wc had  refused to permit our sons lo go to  European battlefields, no power would  have undertaken to tell us that they  must go. We were not even asked to  give our assistance. We offered what  we had to offer. We entered tho fight  because tho honor of Britain is our  honor, because Ihe pledges of Britain  are our pledges, because the safely of  Britain is our safety, because tho  cause of Britain is our cause. It has  come abouL in the providence of God  that the Union Jack is the-emblem of  liberty, equal rights and Christian civilization. Wo rallied around the Union  Jack.���������Victoria Colonist.  Ship Dircctto New Yo?Sr,  the Internationa! Fur  Market, and Secure the  Highest Cash Prices.  Why ship lo tha middleman, who  must eventually sell your furs ia  l\cv/ York and make his profit out  of you? Wc pay the hishest marker!  prices. Our methods of grading ure  unusually liberal. Wc never charse  commissions, giving you full value  for your fun.  "^  Write for our priceji'st and spina!  offer. >���������-  DAVID BLUSTM&RR0.  Pastel (Styritis Haw I'^tir lions*  in A'rny York.  S33 W. 27th St.'NewYorlc. N.Y.  SKEWS  "Jimson has become a very firm believer in signs,'" remarked Black.  "What caused ft?" asked White.  "Why, he picked up a horseshoe in  front  of his  house    yesterday,    and  when  he  wenc  in   he  found  a  note  from his wife, saying that she'd ran  away with the chauffeur."  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  Enthusiastic Aviator (after long explanation of principle and workings of  his biplane)���������Now, you understand it,  .don't you?  Young Lady���������All but one thing���������  -1 hat makes it stay up?  Zeppelin   Bombs  Zeppelin bombs differ from ordinary explosive bombs, inasmuch as  they are intended not to scatter fragments over a wide area, but to produce a sudden and intense heat at a  given point, thus starting -a fierce  conflagration.  The bomb, as a rule, is conical, of  10 inch diameter at the base, corded  round, and has a metal handle at the  apex. The base is a flat cup, on to  which, a pierced metal device and  handle fittad at the top. The funnel  is generally filled with thermit, which  upon ignition generates intense heat,  and by the time of the concussion has  taken the form of molten metal of tne  extraordinary high . temperature of  over 5,000 degrees Fahr. The molten metal is spread by the concussion. Outside the funnel is a padding  of a highly inilammablo or resinous  material bound on with an inflammable form of. rope. The resinous  material creates a pungent smoke.  There is generally some melted  white phosphorous in the bottom of  the cap, which develops nauseous  fumes. In some cases celluloiu  clippings are adds-d, and occasionally  a small quantity of petrol.  Minaret's Liniment Co.. Limited.  Sirs,���������I have used vour MINARD'S  LINIMENT for the past 25 years and  whilst I have occasionally used other  liniments I can safely say that I have  never  used  any  equal  to  yours.  If rubbed between the hands and inhaled frequently, it will never fail to  cure cold in the head in 24 hours. It  is also the Best for bruises,; sprains,  etc.  Yours truly,  J.   G.   LESLIE.  Dartmouth. "     .  Woman Can Out-Talk Man  A woman can talk longer than a  man, and docs so because she uses  less force by a largo percentage than  a man does. A German professor has  proved by actual and very delicate  measurements that the baritone singer uses far more energy than either.  The range of voica differs greatly, so  the percentage varies to the same ox-  tent, hut as a general result it was  proved that a tenor uses only from  one-seventh to one-sixteenth of the  lung power of the baritone or bass.  Tho difference in the force used by  tho contralto and soprano who, sings  in very deep toner, uses at least ten  times the force of the thrillu.v,- soprano.  Tlie explanation is so simple that it  is surprising, that it was not thought  of long ago. It has long been known  that the tenor or soprano brings the  vocal chords together and keeps the  edges vibrating only by the emission  of air. Tho bass or contralto leaves  tho space between-the chords wider  open, ami has lo vibrate ������������������much more  of the membranes to a considerable  larger amount of air required. -Popular Science: Monthly  The Irritability, the Worry, the Gloom, the  Despair of Nerve and Brain Troubles.  The  Blood is Watery,   the  Nerves Are Starved.  Tills is the age of nervous troubles, of brain fag, of heart failure, of  paralysis and bodily weakness. You can read-it in the faces of the people  you meet.  - The business man, the factory hand, the professional man, the woina u  in the home, all find their nervous systems giving .way before the terrible strain of modern life and keen competition. .Nervous force is consumed at a ������������������terrible rate, and the blood which must-make good this loss  becomes thin and watery,/lacking in quality as well as quantity.  The whole secret of preserving health and curing disease m all such  cases is to supply an abundance of rich, red blood. Stimulants may  drive the heart at a more rapid pace for a time, but the breakdown will  come with greater force. ��������� .     -  The blood demands nourishment, the nerves cry for sustenance. They  call for just such help as is supplied" by Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, the  great-blood builder and nerve restorative.  In many, many thousands of cases of this kind Br. Chase's Nerve  Food has proven exactly what was needed. In using it you are not experimenting, but are supplying to the system the very ingredients from  which Nature reconstructs 'the wasted nervous system. For this reason  its cures are bo,th thorough and lasting.  50c  a   box, G   for  $2.50,   all   dealers,   or  Edmanson, Bates &> Co., Limited, Toronto.  Dr. Chase's Recipe Book, 1,000 selected recijics, sens free, U you mention this paper. THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,   B. C.  i  THE FORCE TO BE USED TO DICTATE PEACE TERMS  In Only One Way Can Germany Ever Hope to Persuade Britain  to Permit Her Ships  to Sail the Seas, and that will be by  Relinquishing all TerritoriarGains Made by the War  In entering the war Germany hoped  and  expected   to  defeat   Franco  and  Russia  with    ease.   'Her    statesmen  counted not perhaps upon permanent  British neutrality, but upon a temporary  paralysis  oi  British-- statesmanship,   which   would   permit   her   generals  to  repeat the  success  of  1870  and   enable   her   to   confront     Great  ��������� Britain with a stupendous accomplished  fact.    The  prompt    entrance    of  Great  Britain   into  the   war    wholly  transformed   tho   situation, ��������� says   the  . New  York Tribune,  and,  despite the  military failure of the British fo the  present moment", hes been the dominant factor in the defeat of Germany;  that it, in the foiling and thwarting of \  what were the main purpose's' of German .statesmanship at the beginning.  In losing control of the sea, or rather  in losing the ability to use the  sea,  Germany,    lost a decisive  battle far  more serious than that at the Manic.  The final suppression of-the" submarine campaign,  which    survives    now  .'only as-'sporatic raids succeed in sinking an occasional    ship of relatively  small importance,    ended    the naval  phase of .the war and'brought what'is,  so far, the only decision in airy-campaign that has been opened.  ��������� Here  one  strikes  at  the  heart  of  tho  real disaster that  this  war  has  already foreshadowed for German industry. Before the war Germany dominated Russian markets; she was able  through. the. terms  of the  Treaty of  Frankfort,  to  sell  advantageously  in  France.   But b,oth Russia and France  have taken back their ecnomic freedom and both have strongly indicated  their purpose to discriminate hereafter against German.manufactur.es. Unquestionably ��������� British    products     and  tliose  of  the  United  States'- conceivably; will receive more favorable tar-,  iff treatment than Germany when the  war is over.    Again, up to the pres-  . enc moment Great Britain lias  competed  with Germany on  a parity in  her home colonies.    Nothing is more  certain than that after the war there  will be imperial preference, and probably international preference, between  France  and  Great Britain  and  their  respective colonies.   .    -  Now, taking-the war-as a contest  between France" and Great Britain on  the one hand and Germany on the  other, what has happened? First of  all Germany has occupied some 8,400  square miles of French territory.  That" area had a peculation of some  L',500,000. before the war, but all the  men were cleared out before Germany  came, by the mobilization. It contained the busiest industrial plants,  the richest coal and iron mines. The  possession of both has been of great  advantage to Germany, and France  has suffered severely by the loss of  them. But, ou the other hand, Germany has lose all or her colonies;  most of them have been actually con-v  quered; only German East Africa is  practically intact, and even here the  British have occupied the coast.    All  German colonial investments . have  been swept away. This is. however,  only a relatively minor loss compared  with the loss of the use of tho seas.  Germany.is above all else a country  highly industrialized, which lives by  exporting its products of German efficiency to all parts of the world. She  is not self supporting in ' the sense  that France is, but, like Great Britain;  she lis primarily a factory, her national income depends on the returns she  gets from her manufactures, plus the  treight lire great merchant marine  earns in transporting these products  and bringing back raw'materials and  food.  Tho right to use the sea Germany  can only regain in two ways���������by compelling Great Britain to relinquish  command of the seas or by complying  with the terms fixed by Great Britain  as the price of tho use of tlie seas.  One would be the consequence of victory, the other defeat. But up to the  present moment Germany has not  been able in the smallest way to exert any force upon Great' Britain to  compel her to give up the mastery of  the seas. Every effort made by Germany has ended in decisive defeat. If  you set against 'the German occupation of 8,400 square miles of French  territory the British'control of the-sea  you have measured the exact condition between the ��������� contending powers  of the west. It is plain that no hardship of France is comparable with  that of Germany, because France,  thanks to British sea power, is able  lo get coal and iron from abroad. She  has now been able- to reorganize her  industrial establishments in such a  fashion that what used to be made at  Lille and at Rou.iaix, at St. Quentine  and Tourcoing���������that is, the things essential to national life and comfort���������  are made elsewhere.  Now, if peace were to be considered  today, it is plain that Germany would  have to evacuate France, and Belgium  as well. In no other way could she  persuade the British to permit her  ships to sail the. seas, and she has no  present means Njf compelling such  British consent. B\t this would be to  restore things to their exact status  before the war. It would mean that  for her tremendous sacrifices Germany had gained nothing from  France or from Great Britain, but had  lost her colonier,. Conceivably the  British would not make such a bargain. Then what? Either Germany  would have to offer more or she would  have to continue in a condition'which  meant paralysis to her industrial establishments. She might make peace  with France, with Russia, and with all  her continental enemies, but she  would not be one.step nearer the freedom of the seas than was Napoleon  after he had conquered the continent.  She could, to be sure, send her manufactures to Russia and to France, if  they were prepared to resume friendly relations; but would they be?  "As soon as we appeared around  the bow of the Nicosian the" submarine tired one shot at us, which went  wide. The marines 'then opened with  a well aimed vo.'ey, which .swept the  decks of the submarine and seemed to  demoralize the crew, for they immediately left their guns and rushed for  the conning tower, several going overboard, but whether they were shot by  rifle fire or dived over in panic, 1 cannot say.  "We then opened fire with our port  and stern guns, but the first shot hit  short. However, it- may have bit the  submarine beneath the waterline. The  next shot hit the conning tower which  appeared to be split in half, sending  two men flying into the air. The next  and succeeding shots all hit the submarine which gradually sank, everyone of her crew being either drowned  or shot, and only a few parts of  bodies and a large quantity of oil remaining on the surface.  "Not ony were their two guns of  heavier calibre than ours, but, in addition, they had several torpedo tubes,  whereas wo could only get two guns  to bear upon them. If they had stuck  to their guns they would at least have  stood a sporting chance, but apparently German submarines, although  always ready to attack defenseless  merchant ships and kill and maim  t their passengers and crews, have no  j stomach for lighting armed ships of  his majesty's navy, even when the  odds are. in their favor.  AN IMPRESSIVE SIGHT OF CONCENTRATED POWER  A Party of Foreign Journalists Given an Opportunity of Viewing  Some  of the Watch Dogs ofthe North Sea, and Securing  Some Interesting Information  Under the escort of officers assigned by the admiralty, a correspondent  of the Associated Press and a party  of foreign journalists were given the  first opportunity to visit one of the  great naval bases on the coast, where  cruisers, destroyers and submarines  are assembled for their watch over  the Northi Sea:.;and"-from'-.-which big  point ocean going submarines are  sent on forages to the Baltic and to  the Dardanelles. . '  It:was an impressive sight of concentrated, power and alert readiness  with long lines of battle-scarred cruisers stretching seaward and headed: by  ancl sank.  "Yes, this is the one that did it,"  and he patted this terrible death dealing engine auectionately, as if it were  his child, which in truth it lias been  since he laid the Blucher low. Scars  of battle were all over the ship, which  the officers pointed out with tlie pride  that a Heidelburg student displays  when he exhibits his wounds. A deck  galley amidships had been entirely  shot away, a meieite shell having exploded in it. This has been rebuilt.  One dent in'the side armor was pointed out, as, big as a-washbowl. The  upper works  were literally peppered  the famous Arethusa.   Back   of them   with shrapnel, but the scars were now  Constantine Praises  Lord Kitchener  The Banker and Farmer  Prosperity of the Bank and Farm Go  Hand in  Hand  The   banker  stands   close    to   the  farmer.    Ho    is in position to know  about  the. farmer  and  his   business.  When the farmer goes to a 'bank to  borrow money the hanker learns nis  financial  circumstances;   his   various  sources of income;  the kind of'farmer he is;  the number of children he  lias,  and  whether his  wife  works in  the field.    We would not claim  that  tlie banker is no'-, modest because lie  pries so deeply into the farmer's affairs  as  he  doe    not  do  it  through  personal   inquisitiveness,    but to get  at the facts concerning the security  for the loan.    However, it makes no  difference as to the reason why  the  banker asks    questions that will unfold    the   farmer's   affairs;    he gets  them and what is more the farmer is  willing to confide in the good banker.  In   many   instances,     the     banker  docs not need to ask any questions,  for he  already  knows  the   character  of the    farmer,  his  income,  and  all  matters   pertaining  to     his   welfare.  The    farmer's    business    is an open  book.    He  cannot    hide  his  wealth.  His buildings and improvements are  in the  full  glare  of God's  sunlight;  the  crops  are  in  his  fields  or granary, and stock will be found in pasture   or    stable.    The   value  of   improvements can be judged, tli������ fields  measured, and tho cattle counted, and;  the   value of all recorded.    There is'  no basement business in farming. It  is all done above the ground.  But there is another side to this  question which is complex and needs  a business judgment to solve. It is  the combining of forces of the farm  to produce the largest as well as the  most profitable crops. Farming is  more and more requiring a keen  busincss^judgment, and the banker  is willingtjvassisting the farmer in  the adoption of better business  methods;-  Not all bankers have seen this nor  "informed themselves upon the business practices of farming, for recently our attention was called to a  rather stupid act of a banker. He  had lent money to a certain farmer  for a year for the purpose of purchasing some dairy heifer calves. At  the  end  of the year tho  banker de  manded his money, so the farmer  was forced to sell his heifers. The  banker had not helped this man by  lending him money, in fact he injured him. If he had extended the  loan till the heifers began to return  something to the farmer the banker  would have helped both the farmer  and himself.  It is a hopeful sign to note that  most bankers are informing themselves upon; business methods of  farming so that they can render the  farmer a good business judgment.  At the recent Banker-Farmer convention there was a motto on the wall  that reads as follows: "Take interest in the farmer as well as from  him." The banker who is not willing to do this and to lend money upon the basis that-will be to the best  advantage of the farmer is short  sighted as to his own welfare. The  prosperity of the bank and,farni go  hand in hand.  Sinking of Submarine  Gunner of "Baralong'' Gives Details of  Action   Showing   Cowardice   of  Germans  The   London  Daily  Chronicle  pub  lishes the story ot a gunner who was  a member  of  the   Baralong's    crew,  concerning the attack on the Nicosian  and the sinking of a German submarine.  "On August 3D at 2 p.m.," says the  gunner, "we received a wireless message from the Nicosian, saying she  ..*6 being chased by a German submarine. We accordingly proceeded  full speed to her assistance. At :J  p.m. we sighted the Nicosian, which  was being shelled by the submarine,  while the crew was getting the lifeboats out.  "We got plenty of ammunition ready  on the poop and at 3.30 p.m. the murines took cover behind the bulwarks  on the port side of the afterdeck with  rifles. Tho gunners also took cover  behind their guns. The excellent seamanship of our captain brought our  ship up on the starboard of the Nicosian, the submarine being on the port  side, so that for a few minutes we  were hidden from the submarine's  view. During that short interval we  cleared for action, trained our guns,  set the sights for 700 yards and hoisted tho white ensign.  Kitchener's Logic and Stories of War  Convinced All Who Heard Him  Field Marshal Earl Kitchener left  a very vivid impression on the Athenian population and especially on Con-'  stantine I, King of the Greeks. Speaking of the British war minister's visit,  the Greek monarch said to the A.P.  correspondent:  "I am a sokfier. Kitchener is a soldier. We speak, the same language  and we understood one another perfectly from the outset."  One story which Lord Kitchener  told in Athens made ac particularly  deep impression. No public account  of the incident has ever been given.  "When the-, manoeuvres of the  great fleet were held about a month  ago north of Scotland," said Lord  Kitchener, "eight" German submarines of the newest and strongest  type went out with tho purpose of  getting to the fleet and playing havoc with the manoeuvres. One came  to grief in our North Sea net. The  others nosed through and approached the fle'et. But there was another  net heading them off. They tried to  break through to get around, to find  an opening, but there was none. Two  more .were lost ia this-effort. Finally  the -remainder decided to return to  their bases at Heligoland. But they  could no .longer find the way out.  The gate in the net had been closed.  Two were lost desperately trying to  get through. The remaining three  finally were forced to.cbme to the  surface and. surrendered themselves.  Wo took them intact���������crews, submarines and all."  Another declaration of the British  war minister made to General Dous-  rnaris, the chief of the Greek general  staff, was less favorably received in  Athens.  "Suppose the Germans do conquer  Egypt," he is credited with saying.  "Suppose they extend their line  throughout Turkey and hold the Euphrates valley. Suppose they take  India. What then? We shall get it  all back when we defeat the Germans in France. The war is not going to be fought out in Egypt or in  India or the Balkans. It is going to  be fought out in Germany."  King Constantine's only  was: "It's all very well for  to talk about what she will  at the war's end. But w  live in the Balkans."  a vast flotilla of -destroyers, then a  coun'iess number of submarines of  the latest D and E type,' which have  recently   performed     such     brilliant  neatly bandaged with two inch rivet-  ted steel plates so that the saucy Aretliusa was again as good as ever.  The party now    went    aboard tho  work from the Dardanelles.to the Bos-  latest type of    big destroyers, which  phorus and throughout the Baltic.  The day was typical of the rigors  the British fleet is now experiencing  in the North Sea, with rain pelting  the sailors in oilskins, a north wind  cutting the- sea into foam,, and seagulls everywhere. The little fishing  village on the coast had been transformed by the war into a vast naval  rendezvous, ���������with storehouses stretching a half mile, prepared to re-equip  an armada and send it back to sea  within two hours of its arrival.     ;  Here- also were:the "mother ships,"  ranged in long lines along the quay,  ready to receive back their fighting  children each'time they came from* a  raid or a battle. ; The huge establishment was vibrating with ������nergy  and in the harbors mine sweepers  were coming back from their work,  hydro-aeroplanes     were, manoeuvring  are here ranged in great battalions  with Steam up. They . are very fast,  some of them making 37 to 38 knots  and even touching 42 knots on a measured mile, while all of them regularly do 35 knots on regular service. (A  knot is 2,025 yarns).  /: Lying outside of them were the submarines of the D and E type, the latter being sea-going craft of great  radius which now are making distant  under sea yoyages to the Baltic and  to the Dardanelles. The smaller D  boats have the trim outlines of an  eight-oar racing shell, but the new  ocean rangers are as ugly as some  submarine monster with a steel lln  running fore and aft and a camel's  hump amidship for a deck. One of  the commanders pointed out their fine  qualities.  "They can stay tinder water for 72  and black smoke from the funnels of hours," he said; "yes, three days with-  the cruisers and destroyers told of j out inconvenience to the crew from  their readiness to dash out to sea af-] lack of air; The D boats are good for  ter an enemy craft.   : [runs of 24 hours under water, but tho  The Arethusa and the light cruiser ������E boats make 72 hours just as easily:  squadron had just returned from  scouting- along the German coast in  search of a German fleet which was  said to have ventured out from the  Kiel canal. Nothing had been seen of  the German ships and the British officers���������the men who had now received their stars in the famous fighting  under Vice-Admiral.'Sir David Beatty  ���������were derisive at the idea that the  Germans would venture forth.  One of. the officers who was in command of the torpedo tubes when they  fired the deadly missiles which struck  the German cruiser Blucher, and sent  her reeling to the bottom in the great  fight of last January, pointed out  these self-same tubes and told how  they had worked. f  "First, we let go that one," he said,  "and then this one. it was this one  that hit the Blucher amidships. Site  was lying off shore about 1,500 yards.  The thing that impressed me after we  hit her was the deadly stillness. It  was terribly still until the great ship  threw up her bow, turned clean over I  During these long deep water runs  they thread their way through the  Skager Rack or skirt around T^neriffe  and past Gibraltar, with as much ease  under water as  above.  "The direction and proximity of distance from land are all determined  with mathematical accuracy by tne  science of navigation^and the steering  (goes on as easily under water as  above."  ! .There are many famous sea. fighters  : among, the destroyers, including the  | Lance, which helped to sink the Koen-.  jigen Louise off Havre and was in tho  ; Heligoland battle. In fact, all these  ���������ships had seen battle service .unless  |they had just come from the yards  i and the'Arethusa's men were proud of  I ihe fact that she had gone from the  i shipyard' into battle. :  I "Yes," said one-of her officers, "we  'got out of the yard on a Saturday, we  ! were in the fight by Wednesday and  I had sunk a battleship and were back  fin the yard again by next Saturday.  i How is that for a record?"  comment  England  get back  ���������2 Greeks  National Registration  In New Zealand  be  Similar      Plan      Might    Possibly  Adopted to  Raise  Half Million  Troops Here  Details of the national registration  act recently passed by the New Zealand parliament have been received  by the department of trade and commerce. Tho act is of interest to Canada, as being along tho line of possible adoption here in case the war  should be protracted and more drastic action should become necessary to  secure the authorized increase of the  Canadian forces to half a million men.  Under the New Zealand act, which  contemplates the securing of full and  detailed information as to the number of men available for enlistment,  every male resident is required to  furnish to the government a schedule  giving full particulars as tc age, nationality, occupation, dependents, etc.,  and also stating whether he is willing  to enlist for active service. For failure to furnish tho particulars required or for making false statements  a penalty of ?500 or six months' imprisonment is  provided.  Battleships to Survive  Single Torpedo,1  Shooting at dose Targefr]  Have  Future   American   Vessels   Wil  to be Hit Twice to Sink  Future American battleships-will do'  able to survive the explosion of a j  single torpedo against tn.eir hulls, re-1  gardless of .where they are struck, in I  tne opinion of U.S. navy experts. Ex- ���������  periments which have Deen in pro- '���������  gress for more than a year, it is  learned, have demonstrated that two ;  or more torpeuoes must find their  mark before ships sub-divided and ���������  protected as the new American craft \  can be sent to the bottom. .j  The    two    super-dreaonoughts  and '  two .battle cruisers congress has been j  asked to authorize  designed     on   this  Nos. 43  and  44,  re.-'tracts  for  which  have  already   Iks*.,   awarded    to   tne  iviare   Island   and   N"pw     York    navy  yards,  have  aclteu  interior construction resulting from, the study made o,  the question of torpedo defense since  tne  outbreak   of  the   European   war.  But later ships will have even increased provisions in this regard.  The      experiments   are   continuing  and officials  expect further information on the  subject  Details of tho  work  confidential,   but   it  atmio experts tire at  a type of construction will be  ed  which will greatly  reduce  fectiveness   of   either   mines  pedoes against heavy ships.  Butter Making  The main points in making fine  winter butter on the farm are to have  clean, well fed, preferably some fresh  cows; a fairly rich cream, properly  ripened, but not kept too long before  churning; proper churning temperature; light even salting; careful working; attractive package, and good  salesmanship. The person who combines all these can rest assured of a  good market at paying prices for all  the good butter that can be produced on his farm during the winter  months.���������II. H. .'Jean, in the Canadian  Countryman.  The   Will  to  Win '  The empire is securely anchored in j  the sea;   from  the  inexhaustible    re- :  sources of the sea we tire drawing our ;  strength.     There   is   no   ground   fp'r !  pessimism.     Pessimism     is   a   crime j  when  we  confront  determined,   well- !  informed and  highly organized    one- '  mies.    Pessimism atrophies rho mind,  saps the energy, dispirits the nation, ;  and  encourages -the  foes,    We  must  preserve the will to win.    If the peo- !  pic of this country (witli their rulers) j  could obtain a vision of what lias been ;  done and  the  greater    things  which  still can  be  done  by the aid  of sea :  power, there  would  be no feeling of  depression, but  wo should  bo full of  confidence, and that confidence would  bo  shared  by  allies  and   neutrals  to  our  advantage.���������Fortnightly   Review.  Story From Gallipoli- Tels of Work of  New Zealanders  Remarkable performances in tho  way of close shooting upon the Gallipoli Peninsula are recorded of the  New Zealand howitzers and field  guns. The New Zealand official war  correspondent, Malcolm Ross, reports  that toward the end of August a  major of infantry telephoned, calling  attention to the fact that the New Zealand howitzers were dropping shells  into a Turkish trench only five yards  in front of the" trench occupied- by  his men. He therefore asked tho  battery to cease firing at that particular trench of the enemy. The  reply was that tho firing was being  this year will nc j done purposely, inasmuch as the bat-  plan. Battleships ��������� (cry commander fully trusted his  men and his guns even with a margin of only five yards. Tho reason  for this close fire was because the  infantrymen in the front trench had  apparently run out of bombs and  were being severely dealt with by  the Turks.  During the Turkish counter al'ack  on iho' night of May ]'.). the .Vcw  Zealand No. 2 battery of field artillery fired Oil rounds of shrapnel at  Turkish trenches only 20 yards dis-  !.unt from the Australasian trenches.  Tho shells shrieked continuously  over tho heads  eroiiching in  throughout the  one   premature  ;dark night and  | yards,  giving n  i trajectory,    "Ihe  to be developed,  are regarded as  is known that  least hopeful that  f involv-  thc ef-  or   tor-  of the Australasians  their trenches, and  niglil there was only  hurst. As it wa3 a  the range only 1,000  :cc.'JG.'irily a very flat  feat," the correspondent says, "involved accurate and  careful 'laying' on tho part of tho  gunners. Tho slightest error, such  as the short setting of a fuse, would  have been serious under such circumstance:-:."  Put that close shooting in tho Dardanelles operation occasionally accidentally worked havoc among" the  British forces is shown by the fact  that on the afternoon of August 8th.  when Col. .Malone, with a handful of  New Zealand infantrymen, was actually within Higl)t of the Narrows.  having surmounted tho Sari Bahr  ridge, he was killed by shrapnel being lired by British wan-hips at tho  heavy Turkish counter attack, and  that there were numerous other  casualties among the New Zoalaad-  r-rs from the earne /\aii,,u>.  ftWMtlMlMtfitf^^ THE   SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  THE CITY  The case of Wui, Parmer vs. C  Al. Kingaton, which was argued before a jury in the county court,  'Judge Brown presiding, last week,  was concluded Saturday morning.  Some of the counts were decided in  favor of the plaintiff and some in  favor tbe defendant, though on tne  whole tho latter gained most by the  suit., The plaintiff sued for $1000,  claimed to be owing him by the defendant. He was given a verdict  for some ninety odd dollars. The defendant's costs were assessed against  the plaintiff, and the defendant had  to pay the plaintiffts costs.  the provincial voters'list.    You   are.  required to sign an application.   At-:  tend to this at once, and if   not  on, j  register now, a.������ Monday, April 3, is  tbe last day.  Charles Kinney has t-o'd his interest in tbe JDlkhorn mine to George  White, who now owns the control in  that property.  i^UR CHILD'18 CROSS,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Mayor Matheson, ;George Rogers  and George Mattocks are rhe police  and license commissioners for Phoenix.  There was s. rumor in the city  yesterday that there is likely to be  a change of Conservative candidates  in the Grand Forks riding for the  general election. It was said that  another man would be substituted  for the present candidate, Ernie  Miller, AI.P.P.  The censors appear to have complete control of the U.S. Mexican  war.  The twenty fifth general meeting  of the members of the western  branch of the Canadian Mining Institute will be open at Ladysmith,  B C, on Thursday afternoon, March  30, 1916, when routine business will  be transacted and several papers  having particular reference to the  coal mining industry will be read  and discussed.  The sawmill at Cascade, which  started sawing operations last week,  has a sufficient supply of Jogs to  keep running all summer.   '���������  Look   Mother!     If  tongue   is   coated..  '    cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of .Fig's."     '"_  It is reported that work will   soot  be resumed upon the big gold   mine'  at Carm .   Considerable mining will  be   done  in   that section this summer.  11. L. Miles, of Carmi, vvas iu   the  city on Tuesday  Houghton & Oliver, lessees of the  Jewel mine, have nine men at  work, and 1500 tons of ore ready  for milling. The mill will begin  running this week, aud tbe force at  the mine will soon be increased.���������  Greenwood Ledge.  The gardeners in the city have  been busy during the past week  preparing the ground  for  the- seed.  Dr. C. A. Arnott has been appointed coroner for Greenwood and  district.  The  mines  at Phoenix   shipped  77,058-tons  of ore   to the Granby  smelter in this  city   during  Febru  ary.  Are vou on the provincial voters'  list? If you are not sure, consult  some-officer of the Grand" Forks  Liberal association. Being on tbe  municipal voters' list and paying  taxes does not entitle you  lo go  on  Willi 20,000 tons of ore blocked  out and a yearly contract with the  Ttail smelter for 2000 tons of ore a  month, the West Hill Mining company, which recently took over the  Sau Poil mine and mill, began  breaking ore yesterday, with Jack  Benson as foreman. D. Al. Drum-  heiler Jr., manager of the company,  said yesterday that although the on-  was low grade, averaging only $7,  he had obtained a treight and treatment rate of S-i���������Republic  Aimer.  METEOROLOGICAL  Tlie following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by.the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.     Max.  Mar. 17���������Friday  32 51  ���������  IS���������Saturday   ...   25 58  ���������   19���������Sund'iy   31 45  20���������Monday....::. 39 4 7  21���������Tuesday  31 40  22���������Wednesday .. 34 46  ���������2H -Thursday  32 49  Inches  Rainfall  0.66  The sun crossed the line on Tuesday without being detected .by  either the  officials.  customs or immigration  ' There are about 9'JU names on the  voters  ing.  list   in   the   Green vood ri<  News  The Sun man has been appointed sales agent in Grand  Forks for a period of two years  of the Independent Brand of  Counter Sales Books. These  books are manufactured by a  Toronto firm " which is not  affiliated with the counter-  book, trust. Samples and  prices will arrive in this city  in a few days.  35 acres near my residence on  the bench; 150 bearing fruit,  trees and small fruits; ten cows and good cream: separator'  small house for tenant. Will furnish team, wagons,. plows,  harrows, cultivators, and all necessary implements, and rent  for one-half the proceeds. I also have 55 acres near the  greenhouses which I will rent, without teams or implements,  for one-third of the crop. This  is a rare opportunity. Appls to n $ e a us   WBi  oes  ease  The Famous B1atehford-Davis Shoes just arrived. The very last word in Stylish Shoes for  Ladies.  Fancy Dull Kid,  Gypsey-cut, button.  Gun Metal Calf,  Button  Patent Calf, 1&  Cloth top, plain toe, lace   w  Patent Calf, gp|  Dull Kid top, plain toe, button *&&  These Shoes surpass in style,   quality and   price  any  thing we know of in the market.  A Special School Shoe for Girls-  Gun metal, button, at   &������Jz)  Call and give us the opportunity of proving that  we  have the values.  PHONE  30  ��������� Spokane men will soon begin  work on some claims near the Jewel  mine.  Eggs for Hatching���������Whit<j Wyan  dottes; from leading pen of Wyan-  dottes i" four official contests, including Panama- Pacilie; 82.00 per  setting Win. . Liddicoat, Grand  Forks, B C.  !A.HES Off 3JANJ3EUFF,  HAI2 STOPS PALLINc*  nve your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  iair is mute evidence of a neglected  :caln;   of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  he hair as dandruff. It robs the hair  if its lustre, its strength and its very  life; eventually producing a feverish-  r?ess and itching of the scalp, which  ;'f not remedied causes the hair roots  co shrink, loosen and die���������then tbr.  hair'falls'out fast. A little Danderi-  tonight���������now���������any time���������will an---'-  ?ave your hair.  Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowltou's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if yon will just try a little Danderine.     Save   your   hair!    Try   it!  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and piints   the   news  of the  city and district first.  The Sun, at SI. a year, is superior  to any $2-a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is tli a reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  CORPORATION OF THE CITY OF GRAND  FORKS  Road  and   Dog Taxes  CForw,  atches,G locks and Jewellery"  Go to  mm  Mothers can rest.easy after givin.i  "California Syrup of Figs/' because ii.  a few hours all the clogged-up wasti-  sour bile and fermenting food go-uiv  moves out of the bowels, aud you have  a well, playful child again.-  Sick children needn't be coaxed tr  take this harmless "fruit laxative'"  Millions of mo there koep it handy be  cause they know its action on ifc:  stomach, liver and bowels is promm,  and sure.  Ask your druggist for a 5')-ccnt bo'  :1c of "California Syrir.) of P.'lgs,"' whioJ  contains directions for Laln'es. childre  f all ages and for growa-ups.  mm  mi  First Street, Grand Forts  \.  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  J  GIVE "SYRUP OF FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and bowels.  Look   at  the   tongue,   mother!     If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  and  bowels  need  cleansing at  once.  'v. hen peovish, cross, listless, doesn't  siJeop, oat or act naturally, oris fever-  .sh,   stomach ' sour,   breath   bad;   has  -.ore throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give !  i tcaspoonful of "California Syrup of  'igs," and in a few hours all the foul,-  ���������oustinaied    waste,    undigested    food ���������  Mid sour bile gently moves out of its I  iittlc bowels without griping, and you  have a well, plavful child again.    Ask ���������  your drugg'st for a Si-cant bottle of  "Califorir'.-! Syrup of Figs," which contains  fuT    "ireerion.s  for  babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  Addressing Mail  to Soldiers  Tn order to facilitate tbe handling  of mail at the front arid to insure  prompt, delivery it is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or comp.-niy  Co)   B>ittalion,   regiment   (or   other  unit), staff appointment or ' department. '*-  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (cr)   British Expeditionary Force.  (h)  Ai in v Post,   London,  England.  Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as hrig������ides,-d visions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay..  i ,  Granby Shipments for 1915  The following are the monthly  ."hipping figures, from the Granby  mine at Phoenix "to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January  42,211  February '.  63,091  March  69,9-18  Agril..   85,382  May  .........100,693  June............... .............. 103,004  July .....101,058  August...... ................103.062  September   93,245  October v.-   96,430  November ........   82.18"  December...... ....:.......   94,475  /Total............... '.-;.. 1,034,78'fi  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It usps no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  \v-*-V'<;-':/i?  *\&M-J -"������������������-"*$���������'/'  '    mm,  CORRECT ENGLISH  HOW TO USE IT  JosEPUiNK Tukck Bakkr, Editor.  A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For Progressive M������n and Women.  Business and Professional; Glut)  Women, Teachers, Students, Minis  ters. Doctors, Linvyers, Stenographers, and for all who wish to  Speak and Write Correct English.  PARTIAL LIST OF CONTENTS  Your  Every Day   Vocabulary���������How  to enlarge it.  Words,   Their   Meanings   and   Their  Uses���������Pronunciations    with    illus  trative sentences.  Helps for Speakers  Helps for Writers.  Helps for Teachers.  Business English for the Business Man  Correct English for the Beginner.  Con-act English for the Advanced Pu-  pil.  Shall and Will:   How to   Use  Them.  Should and Would: How to Use Them  Sample Copy 10c.    Subscription Price?  S2 00 a Year.  Evanston, Illinois.  ���������TAKE NOTICE that the  Road Tax  j      for 1916 of Two   Dollars   for  each  j male  person  between   the    ages    of  I Twenty One and Sixty years   residing  ! in Grand Forks and not otherwise exempt, is now due and payable at the  City Office. Payment of same is required forthwith.  And further   take   notice  that  the  Dog Tax for  1916  of   Three   Dollars  , for each dog and Five Dollars for eacK.'g,,^ anJ Day-old Chicks for Sale  j bitch   over  six   months of age in-the j   ������  ; City of Grand Forks, is now due and j  1 payable at the City Office.   A   rebate .  of 50 per cent on each will be ailowei  fiite Wyandottes  cyldvertise in  l$e  if paid on or before May 1st, 1916.  _ John A. Hutton,  ST T-ffk X I City Clerk.  8    I l\l !     J~MtwI   t,lis   l(jth  (hly  of    ^iU'cIl>  JwJ A^B -A# \)  iqiq GnuK| For,|{j,j b.c.  Orders filled in rotation.  Get your orders.in early.  25 Setting Hens Wanted  ills 8 Barringham  Lady Barber  in  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  When you get your job  printing at The Sun office you  can depend on it that the work  has been clone bv men who  know their trade. We have no  men in this office who pose as  experts after talking through  a couple of country shops half  a dozen times.  'Type was made to read." This  fnct is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.


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