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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jun 30, 1916

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 ;n  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No,  GRAND FORKS   B. G, FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  Mayor Acres and Aid. Donaldvon,  .   McArdle, McCallutn,   Sohnitter and  Sheads were present at   the   regular  meeting of tbe city council on Monday evening.  A communication from the Kelowna board of trade asked the  council to endorse a resolution urging the provincial government to en-  ��������� act a law reepecting the sile of property for delinquent taxes similar to  the law now in force in the state of  Washington, where,instead of hold  ing annual tax sales, a piece of  property can op sold'at any time by  the state or an incorporated city for  the amount of the delinquent   taxes  ��������� against it, the owner, if he desires  to.redeem it, having to pay the purchaser 15 per cent- interest. The  communication was laid on the ta  ble and the clerk was instructed   to  "' obtain more information,*' regarding  the Washington law. ' ���������;���������  ��������� A communication from the provincial department of agriculture  asked the council to render the de-  - partmerit any assistance ithmight be  able to give in making the provisions  of the Egg Marks act known to merchants and consumers. Placed on  file. , : ���������-    ��������� --_  The   chairman   of  the board   of  works   reported  that  the construction of the cement sidewalk on. Win  i ipeg avenue was progressing slowly owing to wet weather.    The Kettle .Valley Jiue had finished putting  in   a   cinder walk on Third   street,  The  construction of  the   proposed  sidewalk to the Great Northern   sta;  tion presented many   obstacles, and  he wanted the council to discuss the  matter and to decide ou which   side  of   the   street   it  should   be   built.  The question respecting the local on  of   the   walk   was   referred   to   the  board, and the report was   adopted.  The  chairman   of   the water and  light committee   reported   that   Mr.  .   Jones   had   made   application  "for  light for his residence iu the lluckie  addition. He was willing   to install  the line and pay for the light at the  regular   rate.      The     request   was  granted, and the clerk was instructed to draft an   agreement with   Mr.  Jones.  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that all  arrangements had been .made for  sending Sam Shannon to the Old  Men's Home at Kamloops.  The traders' ficense bylaw and  the milk vendors' bylaw were reconsidered and finally passed  Aid. Sbeads gave   notice   that  at  the next regular meeting he would  ��������� ask leave to introduce a mayor's re  muneration   bylaw,    and   also   an  ;aldermen's indemnity bylaw.  Nights." . . . The plain truth:  is, that Bagdad is a dirty,'common,  j uninspiring Eastern city A friend  i of. triiiiH once described it. ndiuirably  in a single sentence: '-[i looks to  me four weeks to get there, and one  day to get out."  A Bagdad house in   the   summer  is a fiery furnace, and no One,   unless his name be  Shadrach   or Mes-  hach or Abedneg-i, could live   within its four walls   with comfort,   and  yet the natives h..ve made   a   brave  attempt to overcome ttie  difficulties  of" their   situation.     Deep   in   the  ground they   have  built   cellars, or  serdabs, and these  serve as  cooling  chambers. The cellars are kept pretty dark.    "The  light  enters," says  one who has lived   there, ''through  small windows, or openings, where,  instead of glass, is placed   a   lattice  of palm filled with a prickly camel's  thorn.  Several times a day   the   occupants   sprinkle   water   on    these  th in.8, and the moisture   cools   the  hot wind as it   passes   through    the  rooms, and   gives  a  compajatively  lefreshing freeze.    But ioward night  these   cellars   become     unbearably  close,   and   then   the   entire    city  mounts " to   the ilat  roof,   where it  dines and sleeps."-  Any man or woman who has  stay d for any length of time in  Bagdad brings away something else  besides spurious antiques and unpleasant memories, namely, a good,  old fashioned, torturing boil, or  what remains of it in the form of a  scar. I remember once asking a  man who had just come back from  Bagdad what he thought of the  place. For answer he pointed to a  pit in his cheek. "That's all I re  member of Bagdad," he said, "and  I don't recall that with any joy."  The "Bagdad boii" attacks men  and women alike���������men usually on  their legs and arms, and wouien,un  fortunately, more often on their  faces���������and it lasts long enough to  make like a misery. The disease is  common elsewhere in the Orient,  and is known also as toe Aleppo  button and the'Biskra boil.  ;and it was well filled with cut glass,  and   when   the   performers   entered  Mr. and Mrs. McKee   Were  amazed  to see what had   taken   place.    The  first act of the charade was   played;  ordea was called for, and John Don-  j uldson read an address  suitable   for  , the occasion,after which Mr McKee,  jem behalf of Mrs. McKee and    him-  Tne    following   students   of   the 'self, thanked   the   congregation for  High    School   have  been   promoted  tneir ''���������hearty   expressions   of   good  will and esteem both by the present  and   the address.    Mr.   Donaldson  Preliminary Course  from    junior     grade,     preliminary  course,    to   junior   grade advadced  course.    The names are arranged in  order of merit:  1.    Horace O'Neil.  Alice Bowen.  Josephine McKee.  Walter Petersen.  Quentin Quinlivan.  Hector Morrison.  Heath Hales.  Ida DeCew.  Gladys Ardiel.  Amy Frankovitch.  Juanita liichter.  Alice Spra-j-gett.  Raymond Quinlivan.  Hugo Wells  Robert Holmes.  El vera  Walker.  \V. S  Ashley,  Principal High School.  2.  3.  4  5.  (3.  7.  S"  9.  10.  11.  12.  13.  14.  15.  16.  then added a few words commending the work ol the minister and his  wife. Mrs. Irving beautifully rendered a solo, followed by a duet by  Messrs. Tasker and Lee, after which  refreshments were served. Tbe singing of "Auld. Lang Syne" and  'They Are Jolly Good 'Fellows"  brought the festivities:sto a close.  iIMTICITI  Haroun al Raschid's City  Bagdad, the famous capital of the  caliphs of the "Arabian Nights,"  which the British forces failed to  capture when they were within  sight of its minarets, is not today  the city that poetry and romance  paint it. James Walter Smith, writing in the Boston   Transcript, says:  Of Bagdad before the war a lot of  nonsense has been written. Most of  it has come from the fervid pens   of  1 hings They Didn't Do  Nero did not blow out the gas.  Cromwell never rode a motor car.  The Queen of Sheba never attended a bridge party.  Napoleon    never   telephonsd   for  reinforcements.  Cleopatra did not   wear  a   union  suit. -  Julius Caesar was not   known   to  write notes to rival nations.  Solomon was   never   investigated  by a graft commission,  Noah did not carry an   umbrella  George Washington  never  threw  his hat in the ring.  Col.   Lowery   haa   never   placed  poker.  Farewell to Douglas Carter  A pleasing ceremony   took   place  at the annual congregational meeting  of tbe -Methodist church   on    Wednesday evening, when   advantage of  the occasion was taken to say   farewell to Douglas Carter, who has enlisted in the 225th   battalion. "-Mr.  Carter   has   for several years  been  closely ikentified with   the work of  the   church   in   its various departments, and fitting tributes were paid  to  his   faithfuluess aud   loy aky in  this regard.     At an opportune lime  in    the   proceedings   Judge  J.    R.  Brown, after a speech dealing   with  the   patriotism    ot   the   Methodist  church, presented , Mr. Carter   with  a ������old wrist watch en behdlf   of  the  members   of   the   congregation, ex  pressing at the same time their   best  wishes for a safe return to the   city.  The recipient suitably responded.  During the evening a reportof the  work of the year was   presented   by  Rev. J. D. Hobden   which   showtd  the chbrch to be in a very   healthy  condition.   A very interesting musical program was rendered,and those  contributing  included   Miss   Phila  Dinsmore,   Miss   Lane,   Miss  Jean  Austin, Mrs. J. Markell.Mr. Lupton.  Mrs. R L. Hodgson was the accompanist,    Refreshments  were   served  by   the   Ladies'   Aid,   and the national anthem closed the   gathering.  On Thursday evening at the home  of Mra. J. R. Brown, Mr. Carter was  entertained   and    presented   by   his  Sunday school boy's  class   with   an  | address and a gold signet ring.  Sir maokenzie Bowell, former prettier of Canada and the oldest newspaper man in America; Senator  Harry Corby, Charles J. Bowell and  J. V. Jenkins, all of Belleville, Ont.,  were among the passengers on the  overland C. P.R. train which passed  through the city last Saturday. Sir  Mackenzie Bowell is in his 93rd  year, and may be regarded as the  dean of newspaper men in Canada,  haviug,begun his career in the office  of the Belleville Intelligencer in  1834. He is now the proprietor of  that paper. His career in Canadian  politics has been a long and honorable one, beginning when he entered  the house of commons in 18(i3 as  the member for North Haslingsl  Ont. He maintained that seat until  he was called to the senate iu 1893,  and in 11>94 he became premier.  A Scotchman was telling an Irish  neighbor of his with great pride bow  he  sprang up into a fine oak tree.  ,'Begorra, that's nothing," com  mentad Pat unimpressed. "Sure an'  I onoe planted a dead cat and in a  short time up sprang a sanitary inspector."  Recruiting Officer���������Ever served a  term of imprisoument?  Applicant���������No, sir; but I don't  mind doin' a short sentence if yer  think it necessary.  A Surprise  The home of Mrs.   Carter was the  scene of a very pre tty party, the occasion   being the   farewell   of   Miss  Vera Reid by the Methodist  junior  choir, on Monday evening.    The ta  ble was nicely decorated  in   a color  scheme of yellow, and those waiting  on the table were Miss Nellie Carter,  Miss Huffman and Mrs. J. D    Hob  den    During   the proceedings   Rev.  Hobden,    on    behalf   of   the choir,  presented   Miss    Reid   with   a gold  brooch,    set   .with   stones,   and in a  short   speech    presented   the    besl  wishes of all present for the   future.  Among those   present   were   Misses  Emma   Need him,      flattie     Gaw,  Pauline Sloan, Joyce McLeod, Marie  Barnum, Phila Dinsmore.Jean Austin, Ida DeCew,   Nellie  Mills,   Avia  and Iva Michener, Arnold and Mrs.  Carter.  Vancouver^ June 29��������� M.  A. Macdonald has received  the following letter from Sir  Charles-Hibbert Tupper:  ' My Dear Macdonald.���������I  have to go to Winnipeg on an  important appointment,other-  wise I would be glad to attend the public meeting which  I understand is to be addressed by Mr. Brewster and  you. V  ;  Some other opportuniqy  will occur when I can personally express in public my admiration for the manner in  which Mr. Brewster and you  discharged your duties during  the last session; and for the  complete justification so afforded of those Conservatives  who, like myself, voted for you  at the by-elt-ction.  ��������� None of the  mud so per-  fistently  thrown  at you has  stuck.     You   have   "signally  shown that the reputation   oi'  an honest man can not be  affected by the machinations of.  a desperate, discredited con0p  glomeration of political oppo--*"  nents, even th ough; the publie  chest be open to them in their  malicious work.  It is beyond question that  the government of this province is tottering to its fall,  and, in my opinion, unless  much of the legislation of last  session is repealed by the  next government, its fate will  be the same.  , I firmly believe that the  people as a whole are determined to have clean, honest  government and sane legislation, and care little what  party flag is flown. Yours  faithiully,  Charles Hibbert Tupper.  On   the   C.P. R.   overland      train  t that passed   through the   city   last  On   Monday  evening,   June   20,   Friday were  thirty-four  young   re  the members and adherents of Knox  ,    ,      ,        , ,. , .church   met at  the  home   of Mrs  had   planted   an   acorn  which I ������������������������������������., j'      i-..,      ,.     .,   , ,    ,  ' Munro, and   a   little  after 8 o clock  marched in a  body   to   the   manse, j bad been made for their meals along  the occasion being   the  seventeenth j the way, and there was no officer in  Upon the return on Monday from  Vancouver lo   Victoria   of   Liberal  Leader Brewster, he held  a   private  conference with prominent Liberals.  It is undeetood   that  among   other  matters dealt with at the conference  were plans for   Liberal   demonstrations   in  Victoria.   Vancouver, Na-  naimo   and   speech-making     tours  through Vancouver Island  and   the  cruits  en  route  for  Victoria   from   northern mainland at an early  date,  from   Edmonton.      Through   some (following in the footsteps of Premier  mismanagement   no    arrangements! Bowser and his party.  ���������Some genius may yet be  able   to  make   breakfast   food   out  of wild  anniversary of Rev. and Mrs. M. D. j charge.   Two Greenwood   men,    re-  McKee's   wedding.    Mr.   and Mrs. j turning from Nelson  on   the   same  McKee   were   both taken   by   sur-j train,   learned   the  state of   affairs, | ������atS'   prise, but as usual all were heartily and wired Greenwood from Castle- j Slides and washouts last week on  welcomed. After hearty congratu-' gar. When the train reached the ! the Crow's Nest line caused the cok e  lationeand much joy wishing, games station in Greenwood the boys were! supply at the Boundary smelters to  were entered into with zest. i���������aded with good  things, a'nd as the  run quite low toward tbe end of the  Dunng^the absence of Mr. and train pulled out they gave . three week, and the situation began to  Mrs. McKee in preparation for a cheers and a tiger for that city. ' appear serious. Fortunately the line  charade in the vestry of the church,   Word was also wired   to   Penticton.   was opened on Saturday, and   since  Two   women  can   get  along well | a   beautiful  oak   buffet  was carried  The   hoys   are   to join the bantam   then coke trains have   been arrivin K  people brought up on the "Arabian   together if they hate the name people  into the dining  room of the manse,   bri^* nh.- ut Victoria. at frequent intervals ������������������Wi"������*���������*���������*������������KafJUVfrJWjMT ^S: tt>������j������-a������ Cjurf  u  ���������wpi'vfw&rtUPrtnr   "���������-<*    ;n������ ������-urft ������M.mV������ ������*WU-JtxS3,ttt*.Vj***3*.*t*^.^  THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C.    ..  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Enemy Sub Now  Fires Blindly  Guided   by   Sound   Alone,   Torpedo   is  Launched   at Approaching Ship  William G. Shepherd, of the United  Press, writes-. ".German submarines  have abandoned the periscope in most  instances and nre shooting . without,  looking, 'according to reports current  in Kerne The. torpedoes are now  filed by sound alone.  During the past twenty sinkings  in Britif.h wafers, noone has scon' a  siibinarine, and in out few cases has  the white wake of the torpedo been  observed. Only the discovery of  bronze bits of torpedoes or the nature  of llie explosion has offered proof that  the. ships were submarine victims.  If the periscopes submarine is a  success, survivors of torpedoed ships  will never again be able to say: "Wo.  Bn-w' the trail of the persicope in the  wafer." ,,;  The hew periscopeless submarine,  hs it is described in Switzerland, has  a great steel disk for an ear, on  either side of the bout. Telephone  receivers, connected with these disks  lead to the ears of the officers, and  the approach of a ship is heard with  unmistakeablc ���������definileness.  As the ship approaches the noise  becomes louder in one oar or the  other.  When the submarine commander  lie.io-s an equally loud noise in each  oar lie knows that the ship is straight  ahead. ���������  "Fire!" lie orders and tlie torpedo  shoots towards the surface at a carefully calculated angle, hitting the slip  well below the water line..  The sinking of Dutch, Norwegian  and Swedish ships -would be readily  explained if the Swiss reports are true.  The submarine commander, guided to  his prey by sound alone, would have  no way.of fixing the nationality of the  ship attacked.  Live Stock Market  What We Need as Farmers  What   Farmers   Need   More   Frequent  Contact with Fellow Men to  Stimulate   Mental  Action  Just now there are all sorts oftheo-  ��������� rios put forth as to the need of    the  farmer���������agitation  on  the  subject    of  farm    credits,    increased     marketing  facilities, more and better co-operai.ion  along the lines of production of farm  products,  their  sale  and  proper  preparation for the consumer.    All these  and many   more worthy   subjects are  being pressed  upon  the  attention of  the farmer.   And yet progress is very  slow.    Why? For the reason that the  one  first   and  greatest  need   of   the  farmers  must  be  met    before    these  other things can follow.   What is that  need?    A  broader  cultivation  of  the  mind, so that we as farmers can successfully grasp these problems of the  farm.   We do not realize as we should  that the isolation    of our    farm    life  breeds   a   mental  sloth  and  indifference, makes us dull and unresponsive  to mental action.    As a consequence  all these good things that are put before us  for adoption  are imperfectly  comprehended.   We must comprehend  better than we do the true philosophy  and effect upon our minds of the kind  of a life we are living.   We must see  that it is not our toil that makes us  what we arc so much as a lack of contact  with   one   another and  the  outside world.   The cities and villages ere  the great  centres of mental activity.  WI13-? ATot  because  the  people  there  toil   less,   but  rather  that  they   have  greater  and  more    frequent    contact  with each other.  The old Bible was right when it  said, "as iron sharpeueth iron so does  tlie countenance of a man that of his  friend." Larger contact makes the  city and village people more keenly  alive to what they need as a class.  Hence I hey co-operate together more  readily to obtain what they need in  thii way of education of their children,  the building of good streets, sewerage, electric lighting, and the agitation of public questions that effect, the  welfare of all.  Of course the concentration of life in  these centres brings with it cci'-tain  evils. Any form of life has its own  evil, farm life as well as all others.  Hut 'he great fact remains that close  contact among men promotes mental  activity and a lack of that contact  promotes menial dullness. Now right  at this point occurs the supremo need  of every fanner's life. He. must take  extra effort to arouse his powers of  mind, to increase his intelligence iu  order that he. may see in their right  light the problems that confront him.  To this end he must become his own  schoolmaster; supply himself with  that, class of reading that will stimulate his power to think am! exercise  good  judgment.  Action  Being Taken  in  U.  S.  to Safeguard  the People Against Controlled Markets.  The American Live Stock Association, the Corn Belt Meat 'Producers  Association, the Kansas Live Slock  Association, the Texas Slock Growers  Convention, the ''Missouri Cattle,  Swine and Sheep Feeders Executive  .Committee, and the' Panhandle and  Southwestern Stockmens Association  are on the war path, hunting the scalp  of Controlled Markets. During 1915  and-'lG these various associations have  -resolved in conventions against the  octopus of Controlled Markets..and set  in motion an effort to discover ihe  modus operandi of said octopus.  The octopus is a devil . fish���������small  of body but with long and numerous  tentacle arms that grab its prey. It  is Die terror of the sea. Thei-e arc various land octopus corporations with far  reaching, and grasping arms that  strangle competitors and feed upon  everything within reach. But the  greatest of all is the octopus of Controlled Markets. ; Whatever has to do  with the control"of'a nation's- food  supply is the most dangerous, the  most enslaving and the most rapacious unless controlled by the government that permits its existence.  These various? associations are "convinced' that tlie  big    'meat packers,  formerly known as the beef trust, until  absolved from this stigma by a generous government, are already reaching their grasping tentacles into too  many' avenues of. trade that have to  do with the food supply of the nation.  They control the meat packing situation and the stock yards and terminals* and cattle loan companies that  can tie the feeder's hand and foot;  stock yards banks; rendering works;  leather; refrigerator and cold storage  service; fruit and fruit juices; poultry and poultry products; dairy products; fertilizers; cottonseed products  and stock- feeds of various kinds, besides great terminal grain elevators.  For some unknown but easily guessed reason the packers have kept the  prices of stock on foot so low that  feeders have lost hundreds of thousands of dollars in the last two years,  yet the price of fresh meats and'paciv-  ed meats have been high, giving the  packers nearly double the surplus  earnings of 1915 over 1914. They get  war prices for what they sell but fail  to pay war prices to the farmers for  stock on foot. It is time something  is done to safe-guard the people  against Controlled Markets.  Native Tribe  Gifts to  the   Empire  The Masai and other native tribes  in East Africa are not permitting their  loyalty to the Empire to be unrepresented. Great Britain they state has  done so much to free them from the  yoke of internecine strife and raise  their status in the scale of civilization,  they must give proof of their thankfulness. The following arc a few 0/  their most recent gifts:  3,000 goats, presented by the Kavlr-  ondo chiefs of the Kisumu district.  Thirty bullocks, presented by the  Masai Moran of the Matapalu elan,  and fifty bullocks by other Masai.  Over 150 bullocks and. 280 sheep,  presented by Sendu, the chief Laibon  of the Loita Masai.  Twenty-one bullocks, presented by  Masikonde.  These gifts have been quite spontaneously offered by the tribes concerned.  "Keep nearer to the enemy," was.  it has transpired, ihe signal that Ad-  mirul David Heatly sent from flic  Lion in the Dogger Bank fight. It was  in this fight that the Gorman Dreadnought HIucIkt was sunk. "Engage  more closely," was Nelson's famous  battle signal.  The Arch  Looter  The most conspicuous failure of the  war is the individual who did most to  precipitate it���������tho German Crown  Prince. After emerging from the Ardennes his Army narrowly escaped  destruction. The only reputation he  has acquired is that of being the arch  looter in that nest of thieves���������the German Army. Tf for any reason this  precious person is called to the Imperial throne, what will be. the position of tip.; Mohenzollern dynasty,  represented by  the close of an  Times of India.  Farm Management  Thoroughness  of Work is  One  of The  Cardinal   Principles of the  Successful  Farmer  We once heard an excellent farmer  say:  "It takes an able, brainy man to  so lay out farm work and follow it up  as to get the best possible-results. We  are all too much smitten with the idea  that our profit-comes'from the amount  of work half done rather' than the  amount well done. When 1 was a boy  hoeing corn, my father used������to tell  nie that the best hoed hill brought the  largest yield and the best corn. Rushing: along and hoeing a lot, of hills  poorly, lie said, was no way to make  money growing corn. ��������������������������� 1 think that,  principle applies iu all of our farm  work. The farm where the work is  most thoroughly done, and care taken  not to lay out more work than can bo  well done, is the one, 1 have noticed"  that makes the most clear profit."  We think our farmer friend was  right on general principles in his idea  that it takes marked' ability to Jay  out aud practice thoroughness of work  on the farm. Three things stand in  the, way:  1. A lack .of- broad intelligence and  judgment on the part of the farmer.  We all know that there are but few  such farmers compared with the  whole. ���������->''  2. The constant,, hazard and uncertainty   of  the   weather.  o. The scarcity of good farm help  and its 'high   expense.  But these three difficulties do not"  change the logic of the situation. It  remains just tlie same that thorough,  comprehensive judgment and practice  in the doing of our farm work pays  the best. Half-hoeing the hills of  corn in order to hoe more than we  can hoe well, don't pay. Lack of thoroughness is the curse of farming at  any arid all times.  We are all poisoned with tlie old  notion of turning off a lot of half  finished work; keeping a lot of poor  cows rather* than a less n'umhor of  good ones; trying to till more acres  than we can plow and till well. Of  course, help will always be scarce and  expensive on such a farm for ..there  is laid out twice as much work as can  be done with the help the farmer  thinks he can.afford to keep. There  are any number of three and four men  farms- being run with two men. Under such conditions how can they  pay the profit they should pay?  When we get down good and hard  to the idea of doing our farm work  better than be have been doing; keeping only such cows' as can do good  work; taking the best care possible  of our products when we have been  to the expense of raising them; then  we will find that ho have a good deal  more money with which to employ  expensive help and make needed improvements. The channel throueh  which good profits come on the farm  is the most thorough efficiency possible. As we lower efficiency we lower profit, and there we are. Half-  done work never has paid and never  will. To avoid this trouble we must  enlarge our vision, our ability, our intelligence. That's the only way to  better success.  ;i   braggart,   failure  unsuccessful    war!  M>a.  to be  stories  Nelson Waited   Long  power is not a stage properly  squandered to provide exciting  to daily newspapers. .When  Nelson was awaiting the final triumphant meeting with the Napoleonic  fleets he knew better than to fritter  away his force in a series of futile  attacks upon their bases, even though  in his day the mine and the submarine were non-existent. J In kept his  battle fleets in their proper place,���������  on the high 'seas���������and the war was  nearly two and a half years old before  he met the enemy.���������London Truth.  A Pyrrhic victory is one gained at,  too great a cost. Pyrrhus was King  of Epirus (.'{18-272 P.. C.) After his victory at Asculum in 27!) B. C, he is  said to have exclaimed���������"Another  such victory and  we are lost."  Keeping One's Temper  It was Channing who said: "As one  sets himself against people or tilings,  they all seem to him correspondingly  belligerent. Nothing is more destructive than a continual resistant or pessimistic spirit." The lesson of this  that we should never be so sure we  are right as to cause us to despise the  person with whom we disagree, for  then he' will despise us, and that will  be a great deal worse than disagreeing. The surest sign of a man being  right is his opeu-mindeduess and his  warm heartedness, and his making a  friend of the person with whom "he  disagrees. A noble opinion is ne**er  violent. It is always ready to return  a smile and put forth a hand. The  way some men get mad when others  refuse to adopt their views is enough  lo make the very devils smile Hope  and anger do not dwell iu flu  heart.  India's Great  .Help in War  Presohal     Devotion   to  the     King   accounts  for   Heroic  Sacrifices  "India instead of proving a source  of weakness to'the .Empire,'-as Germany fondly believed she would, has  been av tower- of strength," said  Austen Chamberlain, Secretary of  State for India, in discussing with  a group of American correspondents  the present state of ihe Indian ���������Empire. ���������.'���������'���������'. ���������  The Secretary said-:  "Instead of showing, under the mi-'  couragement of a great European war,  any desire to revolt, the people of  India have never been more, loyal,  to the British Empire than today. In  this connection 1 would like to say  that loyalty in India has its own  special color in- the form: of a personal devotion to the King-Euiperor  which! do -not .'-think it possible to  exaggerate.  "The personal aspect of loyalty appeals, to them perhaps more* strongly  than the western mind can. conceive.  There are striking'manifestations of  this on the King's visits;to the front.  Nothing could exceed ;the, profound  satisfaction expressed -by In'diau officers and soldiers in having actually  come face to face with their ruler.  "I have seen this myself when I  have had the honor of'accompanying  the King in visits to tho Indian Hospitals. When asked what impressed  them most, the reply was always the  same. * Wo have tseen the King-Emperor.' All the sufferings and trials  they had undergone were as nothing.  Nothing else counted. This devotion  to the ruler is'actually a part ��������� of  their religion.  "Whatever agitation there may be  in India for a greater share, in the  government, there is certainly no lack  of appreciation of the advantage of  the British system pL'colonial. government over the German.  "As to the military assistance given  by the Indians, I need mention only  two facts, as their efforts on all fronts  are-so well: known.; The first is the  number of military honors won by  the  Indians. .  "Before this war the highest military honor, the Victoria Cross, was  not open to the Indian army, but since  this rule was abrogated, five' V. C.'s  and twenty-five Military Crosses have  been won by Indian soldiers. The  second is just one instance of their  gallantry in  action.  "In Gallipbli the Hth Sikhs went  into action with fifteen British officers, fourteen Indian officers and 514  rank and file. The next day there  were three British officers .three Indian officers and 134 rank and fj'c.  I do not think you could ask more of  any army than that it should face  and make sacrifices of this kind."  Build New Ships  There are strong grounds for .insisting that all i-jterned German steamers be retained by the allies under  the terms of peace. But that will not  take us far. We need a thoroughgoing plan whereby at the first dawn  of peace the whole resources of British shipbuilding now mobilized for  naval work shall bo switched as instantaneously as possible on to building steamers. Every merchantman  launched within the first year may  make an incalculable difference to our  post-war recovery.���������London Chronicle.  Oil in the Arctic  Report of a   Rich   Discovery, of Oil "nr  The  Far North. "   .  We have long' known something  about the riches of Alaska in gold  copper, coal, timber aud other minerals and products of the ground and  of the -surround ing, seas,"��������� including fur<-  nnd fishes; also that there are large  tracts of arable lands upon which  vegetables, fruits and eer-ids mav ���������:������  grown in abundance And now we am  told that in the far north of that, country, within the Arctic circle, there is  a great wealth in oil awaiting development, according to statements of a  discovery made by Eskimos and confirmed by W. B. Van Valin of the  United States Bureau of Education.  J.he native discoverers found four"  springs ,pf thick oil close together and  maintaining a lake of thick, green oil  of the consistency of vaseline, into '  which ducks and geese occasionally  plunged from a considerable height,  mistaking the substance for water  and_ of course, perishing there. These  Eskimos were in utter ignorance of  the nature of their find, and so greatly puzzled that tliev made a. rein';er  express trip, 450 miles to the south, to  the settlement called Wainwrighfc, to  consult the teacher of whom they I.ad  heard , and who it seems was so much  impressed by their story that he made  tho^trip back with them over tlie snow  and frozen tundra 450 miles to a point  whose location ho has hot vot disclos-  ed. There he found this; groat lake  ot oil constantly fed by four, springs,  pumping away under pressuiv; of natural gas. He made careful investigation and surveys and staked ofr his  alarms, rfnd provided with samples ot  the liquid, wont back to Wainwrighfc  and thence to Nome and finally to  Seattle.  There is-nothing to tell us .1 hint o\  the location of this richness in oil,'ex*"  cept that ft is in the far northwest;  north of the Arctic circle, and .not Tar  from navigable , waters of the Arctic  Ocean or-some river tributary to it.  " Keeping   One's   Temper.  It was Charming who,said; "As cue  sets himself against people or things,  they all seem to him correspondingly-  belligerent. ^ Nothing is more- destructive than a continual resistant or pessimistic spirit." The lesson of this is  that we should never be so-sure we  are right as to cause us to despise  the person with whom we disagree, lor  then he will despise us, and that will  be a great deal worse than disagreeing.  The surest sign of a man being right  is his open-mindedness and his warmheartedness, and his making a friend  of the person with whom he disagrees.  A noble opinion is-never violent.^ ia  always ready to return a smile and put  forth a hand. Tho way some men get  mad when others refuse to adopt their,  views'is enough to make the very  devils smile. Hope and anger do not  dwell in the same heart.  "Did you hear about the defacement  of Mr,/Skinner's tombstone?'' asked  Mr. Brown a few days after the funeral of that eminent captain of industry.  "No, what was 't?" inquired his  neighbor, curiously.  ���������"Someone added the. word 'friends'  lo the epitaph."  "What was the epitaph?"  " 'He did his best.' "  "He doesn't seem to have anj*  brains."  "lirains! Why, that fellow would  search for eggs in a cukoo clock."  same  War Punt as Battleship  On tin; Tigris the' law of adaption has  led to the adoption ot some curious  methods of "naval" movements. Not  the least interesting is the new use  to which that old, flat-bottomed friend  of so many, the punt, bus been put.  ���������For instance, in the "battle at Kurna  one position was carried at the point  of Ihe bayonet by the 1st, Battalion  Oxfordshire' and Buckinghamshire  Infantry, after poling their boats for  over a mile through thick reeds and  landing waist deep 111 water.  "Why are you down on Sam. Vastus? He thinks a great deal of you;  he told  me so."  "Well, you just tell dat. nigger fo'  me dat his feolin's am not recipros-  sifiod, dat's all."  Forest Destruction and Floods  -Nearly all the floods in Canadian   lowns are due to destruction of.tree-  on the protective wawnshods. The liv- ing forest holds    hack    the    surplus ^  waters.    The burned aud hacked {ores t   releases them   to do  what  iiiischiol  they will.  i^sras^as /���������"���������  THE    SUN.    GKAND    FORKS,    B. C.  0  *\s  on  Prompt Relief���������'Permanent Cure  CARTER'S LITTLE  iLIVER PILLS never  Jail.   Purely vegetable���������act surely  'iiit gently on  "the liver.  Slop after  ���������dinner .������������������'-'���������.'  distress���������'������  Hire indigestion-���������improve  the complexion���������brighten  jneeyes. Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must boar Signature  to no more necessnry  thanSmallpox,_ Army  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous ef'l-  Sftcy, and harmlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  ifour family. It Is more vital than house Insurance.  -Ask your physician, druggist, or send for "Have  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine,  Jesuits from use, and dancer from Typhoid Carriers.  WE CUTTER LABORATORY,  BERKELEY, CAL  MODUCIMO VACCINES 0 SCRUMS UNDER U. 9, COY. MCEUSS  THE HEW FRENCH REMEDY. Not.N������3.N<A  THERAPION'iig.'tf^  Treat success, cubes chronic weakness, lost vicox  ������ VIM KIDNEY. BLADDER. DISEASES. ULOOD POISON;  flLKS EITHER NO. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. TOST 4 CTI  T-OUGERACo. W. DEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BROS  -.TORONTO. ."WRITE I'Olt FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLERC  MID CO HaVERSTOCKKD.HampstEAD. LONDON, ENO.  JRYNEWORAGEE(TASTELESS)FOR.MOF    EASY TO  TA������8 i  THE R A PI ON ^tVngdcuR8.  3X1  THAT TRADE   MARKED  WORD   'THERAPION    IS OK  WIT QOVT ITAMf AFFIXED TO ������Ll GENUINE PACXETti  Teaching Farm Children.  Butterfield, iu his ."Chapters in Rural Progress," says:'  "Ono reason why agricultural education has not made more rapid progress  is because the children of the country  schools have been taught in such a  manner as to lead them to think that  there is no chance for brains in I'm ruing."  That is very true. But the ehildren  do not get 'ill of their education or  mental ideas in the school. The home  and the father in the conduct of his  farm are responsible for what ideas  the sons have about farming far more  than the school. . How ninny farm  homes keep .a good supply of farm  papers and books for tlie boys lo read?  How 'many farmers show, by the conduct of their farms, that there is a  chance for brains in farming? Those  things tell mightily in the. growing  mind of the farm boy.  You will find relief in ZaA-Buk 1  | It eases ihe burning, stinging  pain, stops Weeding and brings  ease. Persc-yerance, wiih Zasn-  Buk, means cure. Why not prove  M this 7  (Mi's &}tt������0 Root Coffipotmil  A safe, reliable rcoulating  medicine. Sold to three, do,  irrces- of strength. No. 1.  $1; No. 2, $3; No. 3. $5  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid in plain paeliage on  receipt of price. Free  pamphlet.    Address:  THE CO'OK MEO'ICINECOJ  ���������JOEOMIO. OUT. (F������kt4i Wlaswrj  AGENTS  Wanted in every town and village,  "-to. take'.orders for the best Made-to-  Measure ��������� Clothing in Canada.    Good  commissions.    Magnificent Samples.  -    STERLING TAILORING CO.,      -  535 College Street - Toronto  An Ancient Port  The Black Sea port lately captured  by the Russians-is' so ancient that  Its origin is���������'almost iost in the mists  '"of history. It was to Trebizond," the  ancient Trapezus, that Zenophon, the  volunteer soldier from Athens, endowed with rare military genius,- con-  -ducted, as described in the "Anabasis," well known to High School  -boys, the .Retreat of the Tea Thousand  Greeks, when their Generals had been  treacherously slain, by the Persians  after the battle of Cunaxa, B. 0. 401,  where Cyrus the'Younger, their commander .fell at the moment of victory  in striving . to wrest the Throne of  Persia from his brother Artaxeres.  BUI   DODD'S  KIDNEY  PILLS CURED   HER  COMPLETELY-  -Mrs.  Halquist Tells Just Why She  is  the Firm  Friend of the Grand Can-'  adian  Kidney  Remedy,  Dodd's Kidney  Pills. .."'- ��������� ,������������������  Bangsund,      Saslc���������-((Special)���������Mrs'.  Pete Halquist, a weir known resident  here, is a firm believer in Dodd's Kidney Pills, and is always r.cady to.tell  the reason why.  ��������� ."About .ti' year ago," Mrs.- Halquist  ���������says, "my tittle girl was taken ill with  the grippe. She was siclo in bed for  three weeks with pains in the joints.  They were swollen and stiff.  "She had cramps in her muscles, so  it was awful hard for her to get  around if or the longest time. After  she was able to be around, her skin  became harsh and came off in scales.  "After using two boxes of Dodd's  Kidney Pills she was as well as ever  she was in her life. ��������� She,lias been  strong and healthy ever since.'''  The after-effects" of grippe' are  more to be dreaded than the disease  itself. That is because they generally  act on weak kidneys and put them out  of working- order" Sick kidneys -ire  the cause of rheumatism, backache-  dropsy and numerous other diseases.  The one sure way to avoid them is to  keep the kidneys toned up and able to  do their work. The best way to keep  the kidneys healthy is to use Dodd's  Kidney -fills. :- ' ���������  His Wife���������I see that a celebrated  physician 'says that women require  more sleep  than men.  Rounder���������Does he? Then you'd better not wait   for me tonight, my dear.  MEAL-TIME CONSCIENCE  What    Do' the   Sick   Children   Drink?  The. Officer (after a complaint)���������  This tea's all right. What's the complaint?  Tommy���������it ain't tea, sir. It's .stoo!  The Off icer���������And verv nice stoo !  Minard's  Liniment used  by   Physicians.  A Chicago musician being accused of  murder, a pupil testified: "My dear  music master could not harm a fly;  why, he could not even strike a false  note,"  Minard's  Friend.  Liniment     Lumberman's  LITTLE -  THINGS COUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  are made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason 1  All Eddy products^ are dependable products���������Always.  The Koumanian army now numbers  600,000 men, while her navy is strong  enough to give Austria some sleepless  nights that is, if she took sides with  her best friend���������Russia.  Lady (compassionately)���������There, after four hours a miserable little fish  is struggling ou the hook. Oh. such  cruel sport!      ���������   .'"  Fisherman-'.Are you pitying the  fish, are you pitying the worm or'are  you pitying me?  ARD WORKING WOMEN  There are times when mother or  lather feeds the youngsters something  that they know children should not  have. Perhaps it is some rich dessert  but more often it is tea or coffee.  It is better to have some delicious,  hot food-drink that you can take yourself and feed to your children, conscious that it will help and strengthen, but never hurt them.  An Eastern lady says: "I used  coffee many years in spite of the conviction, that it injured my nervous  system and produced my nervous  headaches." (Both tea and coffee are  injurious to many persons, especially  children, because they contain the  subtle, poisonous drug, caffeine).  "While visiting a friend I was served with ir'ostum and I determined to  get a package and try it myself. The  result was ail that could be desired���������  a delicious, finely flavored, richly colored beverage. Since I quit coffee,  Postum has  worked  wonders for me.  "My husband, who had suffered  from kidney trouble when drinking  coffee, quit the coffee and took up  Postum with me ,v.id since drinking  Postum he has felt stronger and better, with no indication of kidney  trouble.  "You may be sure I find it a great  comfort to have a warm drink at  meals that I can give my children,  with a clear conscience that it will  help and not hurt them as tea or coffee would."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor. Ont.  Postuni  comes  in  two  forms:  Postum Cereal���������the original form���������  must be well boiled. J5c and 25c  pkgs.  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder���������  dissolves quickly in a cup of hot water, and, with cream and sugar, makes  a delicious beverage instantly. 30c and  50c tins.  Both forms are eunlly delicious and  oost about the same per cup.  "There's a Reason" for Postum.  ���������sold by Grocera.  W. N. U. 1107  "I'm afraid John thinks I'm extravagant. He didn't even smile when  he saw my new dress."  "Some men have no sense of  humor!"  Miller's Worm Powders are sweet  and palatable to children, who show  no hesitancy in taking them. They  will certainly bring all worm troubles  to an end They are a strengthening  and stimulating medicine, correcting  the disorders of digestion, that the  worms cause and imparting a healthy  tone to the system most beneficial to  development.  An Irishman and an Englishmen  ono day met in London, and, after a  long conversation, :,hcy began talking  about echoes. The Englishman said  there were hills in England, where  if you went out and shouted, the voice  would come back in half an hour afterward.  "llegor," said the Irishman, that's  nothin*. There are hills in ould ire-  land where, if you went out and shouted before going to bed tho voice would  come back and call you up in the  morning!"  How's This ?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Curo.  Hall's Catarrh Cure has been taken by catarrh sufferers for the past  thirty-flvo years, and has becomo  known as the most reliable remedy for  Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure acts  through the Blood on tho Mucous surfaces, expelling the Poison from the  Blood and healing the diseased portions.  After you have taken Hall's Catarrh  Curo for a short time you will see a  great improvement in your general  health. Start taking Hall's Catarrh  Cure at once and get rid of catarrh.  Send for testimonials, free.  P. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, Ohio.  Sold by all Druggists, 75c.  Will     Find      New     Strength  Through the  Use  of  Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills  It is useless to tell a hard working  woman to take life easily and not to  worry.    Every woman at the head of  a home; every'girl in offices, shops  and factories is subjected to more or  less worry.   These cannot be avoided.  But it  is  the duty  of  every   woman  and  every girl to save her" strength  as much as possible, .and to build up  her system to meet unusual demands.  Her future  health  depends  upon  it.  To guard    against a  break-down    in  health the  blood must be kept rich,  red and pure.   To keep the blood in  this condition nothing can equal Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. They strengthen  the nerves, restore the appetite, bring  the glow of health to' pallid  cheeks,  and .renewed energy lo listless people.  Women cannot always rest when they  should,   but  they can   keep  up  their  strength and keep away disease by the  occasional use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills.     Mrs.   A.   Rhodes,     Hamilton,  Ont., says. "A few years ago on corning to Canada, working long    hours,  and close  confinement  began  to 'tell  upon me.   I was completely run������clown,  and finally could, do ho work.    I was  pale, suffered'from'headaches, did not  rest   well,   and felt    altogether    very  miserable.    The doctor said the trouble was anaemia, and after doctoring  for  some   weeks  without  getting any  relief,  I  decided  lo  drop  the  doctor  and    take Dr. Williams'    Pink Pills.  Very soon I began to notice* a change  for the better, and by the'time I had  used half a dozen boxes of the. Pills  I  was again   .enjoying    the    best of  health.   I have never had any return  of the sickness and ^ever feit better  in my life than I do now.   I give my  experience, therefore, fhat it may be  used for the benefit of others."  You can get Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills from any medicine dealer or by  mail at 50 cents a bo^ or six boxes for  $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co., Droekvillo, Out.  Dubbliegh���������at a reception this afternoon I exchanged ideas with the  famous Professional Sadului.  Miss Keen���������That explains why I  found the professor so  tiresome.  Nothing as Good for Asthma.���������Asthma remedies come and go but every  year the sales of the original Dr. J.  D. Kellogg Asthma Remedy grow  greater aud greater. No further evidence could be asked of its remarkable  merit. It 'relieves. It is always of  the same unvarying quality which the  sufferer from asthma learns to know.  Do not suffer another attack, but get  this splendid remedy today.  "So Hunter is after the heiress. By  the way what does he do for a living?"  "Banking, at present."  "Indeed!"  "Yes, he's banking on marrying  her "  Dominion Experiment! Farm  Advises Growing F'ax  Director J.   H.  Grisdale  Predicts Good  Prices-and    Profits   From   This  Crorj  "As a crop likely to be quilt- as  profitable as wheat' this year," says  Mr. Grisdale, "may be im-nlioned  (lax. The annual consumption of flaxseed is in ������he neighborhood ;.( **'",-  000,00Q bushels on this continent.  The combined crops of seed in Canada and the United States fall'usuailv  12,000,000 or-J5,000.000 bushels short  of.-this amount. This extra seed is  normally brought from Argentine, and  is corning in at the present. The high  'cost of ocean transportation at, present (about 70c per bushel-from Buenos  Ayres to New York) has had the natural effect of raising the price of  every bushel of seed on this continent so that now instead of 70 to 80c a  bushel as> was tho price at Winnipeg  in 1912, .SL95 to .$2.00 per bushel is  being  paid   at   the  same  point.  "Where wheat seeding has progressed, rather slowly, it will often bo advisable to sow the last few acres intended for wheat rather to flax: The  cash returns per acre from ��������� tho two  crops are likely to be practically  equal; this year, and about the same  as they were last year. For this reason, it is well worth trying flax and  running no risk with late wheat which  is usually a poor crop.  "Only clean seed should be sown  and that on clean land. A limited  area of well prepared land sown with  clean seed will be more profitable  than a large area of badly prepared  land on '.which dirty seed is used."  "For the new settler or the Mian  with new breaking done before May  25 to 26th, flax offers an opportunity  for money making this year on this  land such as is not possible with any  other crop. Breaking about . three  inches deep, discing as soon as broken; so as to fill all openings or spaces  between tho furrows and to conserve  moisture as well as make a solid seed  bed, will be 'such a picparation as  gives a fair chance of a fair crop of  flax if good seed is carefully sown  before the first of-June. Sow" at the  rate of 30. fo 40 lbs.   per acre.  "Prices for flax are likely to be good  this coming fall."  Corns cannot exist when Hollow-ay's  Corn Cure is applied to them, because it goes to the root and kills the  growth.  Turkey has discovered a fruitful  field of labor. In return for German  kindness she lias sent missionaries to  Germany with the object of converting the people to Mohammedanism.  Strongest Liniment in 100 Years  Best For Either Man or Beast  Nothing for Family Use Can  ������������������'. Compare With It  RUB ON NERVILINE  When you have been" exposed to wet  and. cold and,.your.'-���������muscles are full of  pain, nerves-.arc jumping with neural  gia, then you should have ready ut  hand a bottle of Nerviline. It robs  pain of its terrors, gives relief to all  suffering, brings ease and comfort  wherever used.  No. care or expense has been spared  to secure for Nerviline tho purest and  best materials. It is prepared with a  single aim: to restore the sick to  health. This cfinnofc  be said of the preparation     that     an  unscrupulous   dealer  __  may ask you to accept; instead of Nerviline, so we warn you it is the extra  profit made on interior goods that  tempts the substitutor. Of him beware. '    .  Get Nerviline when you ask for it,  then you are sure of a remedy that ,  will cure all aches, strains, swellings,]  and the pains of rheumatism, neuralgia and lumbago.  In the last hundreds years no liniment has been produced that can compare with .Nerviline in strength, in  penetrating power, or in curative ability.  ���������For nearly forty years it  has   boon  Canada's household remedy, and mothers will do   well   to  follow  the advice of Mrs. Jessie Bog-gins, of Stella. .  P. O:, Ont., who says:  "Very frequently there aro ailments  in the family that can be cut short if  Nerviline is handy. When my children come in from play, with a cough  or a bad cold, I rub them well with  Nerviline. and they  are well almost at  once. Nerviline is  fine for earache.  t o-o lliache, -best  colds, lunibacro stiffness, rheumatism or neuralgia. In  fact there is scarcely a pain or ache  in man or beast it won't cure quickly-  The large 50c family size bottle is  tho most economical; trial size. 25c.  at all dealers, or the Catarrhozone  Co.,  Kingston, Canada.  show that the blood is impoverished and that the stomach is not properly assimilating its food. In fact a woman's physical condition always  shows inner face.   Paleness, blotches, pimples, sallowness or dull eyes all  Beecham's Pills. Women who are subject to these conditions should  not fail to avail themselves of their prompt and beneficial effect.  Beecham's Pills are Prepared to furnish the necessary relief. They  clear the system of impurities, gently stimulate the liver, regulate the  bowels and tone the system. Their mild and thorough action quickly  rid the skin of blemishes, improve the circulation and help the digestion.  Every woman should know the comfort, and experience the help of  .  Prepared only by Thomas Beecliam, St. Helen*,. Lancashire, Enrtlnr.cl.  Sold everywhere ia Canada and U. S. America.   In boxes, 25 cents.  TgMNEj    Granulated Eyelids,  Lyes inflamed by cxposuro  to Cold Winds and Dust  VjtrC quickly relieved by Murine   .YHOEyo Kennedy.   No Smarting:, just Eye Comfort.   At Your Druggists'  60c rjer Bottle. Murine Eye Salvo inTubes 25c.  For Hook of the Eye Free writ*  Ask for Minard's and take no other, j Marin������ Ey������ Remedy Companv. chicav*  Contain no acid and thus keep tho leather soft, protecting it against  cracking. They combine liquid and paste in a paste form and requiro  only half the effort for a brilliant lasting shine. Easy to use for  oil the family���������children and adult*. Shine your shoes at homo and  koep them neat.  BLACK-WHITE-TAN  ,   F. F. DALLEr CO. OF CANADA, Ltd.  ^T" HAHUTOH    ���������    CAMAOA  '   KEEP YOUR SHOES NEAT I  KS^3tS5*^*S8S^^  '.AA35^H������;te^f*-..>^^ >������>������<*W ���������������*vw!i,*ii1r.������#.������** l^t^wwi-MW^ ������  *���������*"** *T������**WM*Vlf f  THE   SUN,    3RAND  FOR.**  LfcJLA.k_>,  B. C.  Watch  Faults  of a single minister who is willing to risk his  portfolio to the decision of the electors of but  one constituency.  not, we will frankly tell you so.  will run cor-  rcctiy. A, Dt MORRISON  ���������Does your watch run  correctly? If you experience any difficulty with it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a moderate cost. If it does  A watch repaired   by us  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRANDFORKS,B.C.  ������hr (granft Maths ������>tm  G.A.EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) .......-'.v..SI.00  One Year (in the United States)    1.50  Address all communications to  Thk Grand Foiucs Sun,  Piioxk R74 Grand Fohks, B. C.  FRIDAY, JUNE 30, 1916  The surest indication, of what is  coming  in  this province, says Prince Rupert  News, is in  the long list of retirals from the Conservative  fighting forces.-   Bowser, assisted by the well-  fed  party press,' has done his utmost to put a  bold face on matters and is fighting to the last  ditch,   but  many of his former stand-bys are  going while the going is good.   There is a general rush for cover among those who prefer a  whole skin or a job to last ditch fighting.    Of  course, they are trying to make the retreat as  orderly arid,gracefully as possible, but there is  all the evidence of hurry in their movements  and   it   would   take very little to turn the retreat into a stampede.   ���������-,  Local politicians a-ie puzzled- as to the  course Hon. Ernie Miller will pursue in the  coming election. A large number of people  here seeni to think that, as he is a non-resident, he has forfeited the support of the electors of Grand Forks riding, and that he will  select Victoria as his constituency. There are  said to be two or three other Conservatives in  this district who are courting defeat.  Government road work will probably assist  the Conservatives some in the coming election,  but it will not cut as much of figure it has in  past years. At present labor is scarce and  j -dependent.  The results from the eecent Quebec and  Nova Scotia elections should be discouraging  enough to the government to send cold shivers up and d^wn the Bowser spine.  The local mouthpiece of the Bowser machine has joined the other government fed  papers in the province in asserting that the  jury in the Gosden case really stood four to  eight, instead of eleven to one, in favor of conviction. Such a gross misstatement of a well  known fact will do the machine no good. The  more stories of a like nature circulated in the  Tory press, the more sweeping will the Liberal victory be.  At the council meeting on   Monday  an   alderman   alluded   to the "pitiable stories" told  by taxpayers at the court, qf revision regarding  their inability to pay the rates charged against  their property.    Similar conditions prevail, of  course,   throughout  the province  as a whole  and no doubt throughout entire western Canada.    We are living in abnormal times.    The  revenues of the nation, provinces, municipalities have declined because the earning power  of the individual has been impaired.    Yet this  is the  period  chosen  by  the government of  British  Columbia  to  add $10,000,000 to the  public debt, mainly  in  order to, subsidize one  of the wealthiest railroad contracting firms on  the  continent,  a  firm   which was foresighted  enough to retain the premier as solicitor.   We  have financed practically the entire  construction of the Pacific Great Eastern railway,have  given the company  $7,000,000  more  than  it  has earned; we are paying its interest, and are  now compelled to give  more  millions in  the  form of a loan which, like  most  government  loans to   railroads, is  really  Times.  a gift.���������Victoria  Perhaps a girl refuses to scream when a  young nian tries to kiss her because she does  not want to frighten her mother.  Iu some of the towns of the United States  they have commenced to raise funds for defraying the expenses of the Mexican war by  increasing* the dog taxes. If Grand Forks  adopted the same method, and collected the  taxes, she might be able to pay off the bonded  indebtedness of the city in a few years.  After the newly made husband has settled  with the parson, he might as well keep the  pocketbook in his hand, for that is merely the  beginning. -  Like the eleven-fo-one jurv in the penury  trial at Victoria., the Liberals of Vancouver  have found M. A. Macdonald, senior representative of Vancouver and the man who  smashed the Bowser machine to smithereens  on the 20th of February last, is all right, and  is just the man ' o do it again. The belated  but frantic conspiracy of the Bowser partv to  connect Mr. Macdonald with criminal election  nractices has receiled like a boomerang upon  their own heads.  The news from the European war zone dur- j  ing the past week has been, of a particularly |  encouraging nature.    If it continues to  be  of  the same character, the allied forces may reach  Berlin before the next snow flies.  Extract from the Grand Forks Sun of June;  :10, 1020: "Presinent Wilson today despatched;  another note to Carranza, de facto president;  of Mexico."  The writ for the provincial election is to;  lie issued next Wednesday, according to the |  statement made by Premier Bowser at the;  close of last session. He also promised to set:  the date of the election at the same time. Itj  may therefore be assumed that the campaign j  will be in full swing in the course of a week [  or two. i  THAT GERMAN VICTORY  (By un Irish American.)  The German fleet went out to sea,  And evidently saw,  For, though it visioned victory,  It found the Lion's paw.  Now if the contest was a race,  The Germans surely won.  But darned if I can find a trace  Of use in what they've done.  Von Bethmann Hollweg says that rats  Can bite���������I've seen them run���������-  They'll bite when cornered quite by  But not ere this is done.  To follow up the metaphor,  Most rats desire to feel  They have a safe hole not afar���������  The Germans nave their Kiel.  And here theii vessels swiftly ran  Pursued by swifter ships���������  Alas, for Bethmann Hollweg's plan,  Their bites were only nips.  A few more victories such as this,.  There'll be no German navy,  Their sailors all will be in bliss,  Or interviewing Davy.  cats,  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times  more  reading matter  than  any  other  Boundary  paper.    This  fact  accounts  p ���������   for the rapid increase in our circu[ation.  Icntly'his ministers  do not share his opinion.  Those who are not seeking election in depopu- Besides being read by all the intelligent peo-  lated districts in the north, are contemplating pie of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  run'-in" in two or three constituencies in the ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  more populated portions of the province. We valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  can not at the present moment recall the name advertisers this guarantee.  Premier Bowser is reported to be optimistic  of Tory success in the coming  election  (  One Spring Wagon  One Set Double Harness  One Horse, 8 Years Old .  One Mare,  12   Years  Old  E. C. HENNIGER  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  in your favor is good printing,  it starts things off in your favor.  People read your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING becauseitGETS  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you.** It's a certainty that  we can save you money, too.  Tl  HANSEN SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  fl  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Tklkphonks;  OFFK.'K,   Kfi6  H a.vsr.n's KKflirJESf-K, K38  o���������<-������..ki*6- -First Street  0 LIVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  John W-1-i-ii-iH.kei' says in Judicious  Advertising- "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but tbe pull is steady. It.increases (Jay by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   po "er."  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours  the  at  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Barns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  <*P ������ bIW sun *for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary con itry  MMmammtemmsmsmmBWXBMBgmm  mBmmmmseimmammmsmBmmsam  JJUJHM THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  I  ,1  6/  In the orchard spraying is the  one essential to obtain clean No. i  fruit and success. Apple and pear  scab is our main pest. To control,  spray thoroughly with lime and sulphur when the earliest blooming  ���������trees are in the pink (when the clusters are separated); I gallon of the  spray to 30 gallons of water is the  right proportion when tbe commercial mixture testing 32������-Bs-iimie  The second spray should be given  when the blossoms (petals) fall, using at this time L & S. ��������� 1 lo 40.  A third spray should be used in a  badly affected orchards two weeks  after the second with L. & S. 1 to 40  Owing to the price of the commercial lime and sulphur sprays some  of the growers may care to make  their own home-made mixtures.  An extract from Bulletin No. 195,  Ontario, gives a good formula for  the preparation of a home-made  lime and sulphur concentrate'.  Those growers using any consid  erable quantity of L. & S. should  have a hydrometer in order to test  the density of the solutiens. These  hydrometers can be bought from  any druggists.  The following is a guide to the  proper dilution of any. L. &. S. solutions by the use of the hydrometer:  Degrees. 1 to 30  34 dilute 1 to 32  32 ������ 1 to 30  30     "     1 to 28  1 to 40  1 to 42  1 to 40  1 to 38  28 " 1 to 26 \ to 36  ���������26 " 1 to 24' 1 to 34  24 " 1 to 22 1 to 32  20 " 1 to 18 l.to 28  1G      "     1 to 15        1 to 25  Cultivation v in the orchards,  through working of the orchard soils  at this time of the year, means,  greater and better growth. The free  use of tbe-harrow and the disk on  both sod and clean cultivated orchards means a great saving of moisture and warms up the soil.  A general tidying-up of the  ranches at this time of the year adds  greatly to the appearance of the  place and the pleasure of its owner.  The prunings and waste places  should be cleaned up and burned  All fences and buildings should be  seen t<>J and any repairs made.  Roads,   if   necessary, can    be   im  proved" and repaired better and  more easily at this season than if  left until later.  .  The home vegetable garden should  be given consideration at this time.  Nothing will give you more value  and pleasure than the small,! space  devoted to the supplying of fresh  vegetables to the home table.  The planting of some crops which  will supply the necessary hay and  roughage for the horses and cows  kept on the place will be the saving  of a great outlay of money. This  is something that should be considered on all fruit farms. There are  usually waste places that could be  worked in for this use, and even  ihe spaces been the trees can be  used to grow these crops if only care  be used in the cropping in order to  not interfere with the- fertility and  growth ol the trees in the orchard.  Rotation of crops, tbe ploughiug-in  of an occasional green crop, end the  addiug of all the farmyaad manure  available will give the desired results. It is true tuat nearly all the  soil6 In this'district will respond to  any treatment which has the tendency to improve their fertility.  British Columbia Politics  The province of British Columbia  is passing through an acute stage of  her political career, when the leader  of the Liberal opposition is appealing to the courts to have the legisla  tion of the last session declared in  valid on the ground that it was enacted afier the term for which the  legislature had been elected had  legally expired. The ground is taken  that the extended life which the  legislature granted itself was beyond  its power.' The decision will be  awaited with interest. It is the first  time in Canada that.such an issue is  raised. No other provincial legislature has in the past assumed to extend its own powers. In the case of  the Dominion parliament the extension is being granted by the ���������im-  . perial parliament, which has the  power to do so.  ..."  No matter what the decision of  the courts may be iu British Col  umbia, the people will, shortly be  called upon to pronounce upon the  whole question According to all indications, there will be a change in  the political complexion of the  province.���������Hon. Charles Marcil, M.  P., in Montreal Herald.  Premier   B)A*^r,     Hon.    W.   R  Ross   and  Hon.    Will iam    Ma neon  Dealers in  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our cTWotto: "Quality^ and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns ~^f;. S  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen. ^Manager  (three in one) are expected here  next week on an advertising tour.  Gosdeii couldn't come, having a previous engagement at Victoria.������������������  Omineca Herald.  Tbe agricultural lands of northern and central British'Columbia  are at present chiefly devoted to  jack pine, second growth poplar,  skunk cabbage and fire-week. As  minister of agriculture Hon. Wru.  Manson is well qualified to encourage their production.���������Onaineca  Herald.  Wnen a man can't dodge an argument with a woman by agreeing  with her, what's the use?  Among tbe poor ways of making  one's mark in the world is painting  the town red.  Anybody who tries to get rid of  his faults by- advertising them  makes a mistake.  Many a man who poses as a leader is merely a driver.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink. Also imprinted wrappers. Our prices  are right.  W SUN PRINT SHOP  LONDONDIRECTORY  (l'ublishecl Annually)  Enables triiders   throughout   the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of (roods. Besides being ��������������� complete commercial guide to London anil Its  suburbs, the directory contaluB lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  .with the Goods they ship, and tlie Ooloninl  and Koroign Markets (hoy supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged undor tho 1'orts to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., In  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition -vill be for-  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5. orlurger advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abehurch Lane, London, E.C.  Lady Barber  in  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  Assuring Your  usmess  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protection thus .secured is  well worth its annual cost,  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Tour competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  <..   the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business un  protected.  ���������  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best' goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to'sbop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop ZXtXtSi&lSHSaS.  !'*^7t*--**'---n**!.W-^  ffiHE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C  Sunlight Soap is made for the  housewife's profit, for only  thereby can the makers hope  to profit. Sunlight Soap makes  your work lighter, your clothes  whiter, youriiome brighter. It  is mild and pure and does not  harm  either hands or fabric.  6  CENTS  tsssswwuaia^mtssasBimsMniigiwuameim  for evei������y SPOILT  gaid RECREATIOW  Worn fey every member  of tlie family  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  Silver  Cream  It Trill clean more  silverware in less  time, with less expense, than any  other preparation  made. "Ideal" is  not an electro-platins: preparation)  removes .'nothing  but the dirt, leaving the silverwar?  like new. Put up  in eight and citrh-  tcen-ounce bottles,  packed three dozen  In case.     ���������  At All Jewellers  Worst Prison Even in Germany  Wittenberg, where lie the hones of  Luther and Melancthon, was already  a place of note in the annals of-tho  Christian faith. To the door of its  Schlosskirchc' Luther nailed his thesis on October 31, 1517, thus starting  the .Reformation. Today it has risen  to a new eminence, in that austere  literature of sifted evidence in regard  to German war-morality which is  growing up throughout Europe, there  is- no name or more sinister, association, says an English journal.; For  many a long year to come the infamy  of Wittenberg prison-camp will ^ be  among the blackest biota on the German escutcheon, plastered though it  is  with  disgrace. '  Camp at the Garden of Eden  "The Garden of Eden Is not many  hundred yards from my camp, at  least that is the local belief/' says  an officer of the Mesopotamia Expedition, writing to his wife. "On tlie  river front, grows'a tree of a kind very  common in the Punjab. I do not  know" whether you will recognize it )>y  the name 'shureen'- it has long, flat,  yellow beans^and feathery leaves. It  is the only one of its kind here, ami  T. Atkins has named it 'the forbidden  tree.'  ��������� "In its vicinity small Arab boys  hawk cheap" cigarettes and biscuits  and tinned milk, and the"locality is  known as 'Temptation Square.'  "It comes as.a shock to think that  this can have been the cradle of the  human race."  ft {u ffiTTCyfffifiTTtiP^tntT-^'aT }fl !VaT^iFJT7J,r ** J'it ���������***  quickly removes stains and  spots from such things  as oil-cloth  table tops  The French "75" artillery gun is so  steady that a glass of water will not  spill when -he. gun. is fired. We. know,  too, that its effects cause the spilling  of something else.  A vivid account of the manner in  which supplies arc brought up to Verdun, was recently published in a Paris  newspaper. The road is exploited like  a line of railway, on which a continuous succession of motor lorries  circulate on a circuit of 149 kilometres.  The lorries follow each other every  twenty seconds, and their regular  march, guided at night .by searchlights  at fixed intervals, is one of the most-  curious spectacles imaginable.  Keep    Minard's    Liniment    in    the  house.  If All Played Out,  Try This Prescription  When that overpowering weariness  and a never-rested feeling comes over  you, it shows some serious disorder  is undermining your health. The cure  is simple. Jiuild up the system and  nourish the body back to health by-  pure wholesome blood.  The one sure means of doing thi3  is with Dr. Hamilton's rills. They  are a marvellous aid to appetite���������convert all you eat into nutriment and  tissue-building material. Thus a weak  body is supplied with new nerve fibre,  hardy muscle and firm flesh. Lasting  good-���������health-is sure to ,follow. If you  really want to get well and stay well,  use Dr.-.Hamilton's- Pills, 25c per box  at. all dealers... _ ..::... .-......'.'_'_  First Editor���������Here's one of the most  learned men in the country���������Professor  Skimmerton���������just passed away. What  shall T say about him?  Second Editor���������You'might refer to  hini  as a finished scholar.  No child should be allowed to suffer  an hour from worms when prompt rcr  lief can be got in a simple but strong  remedy���������jMothcr Graves' Worm Exterminator.  "What do you think of his nerve?"  exclaimed the old man. who was  notoriously tricky- in business. "Ho  called me a barefaced robber!!"  "Oil, well," replied the man who  knew him. "probably in his excitement he didn't notice vour moustache."  WOMEN OF CANADA.  Forfc.CouIongc, Quebec.���������"I am happy  to tell you that your medicine did me  wonderful   good.  I _ was   troubled  with weakness and  I tried wines and  other   things   but  received very little  benefit.    I    was ���������  young at the time ,.  and knew very lit- :  tic about medicines ;  till  a  lady  friend j  came  to  me  with j  a   bottle   of   Dr. j  Piercc'a     Favorite <  Prescription.    I   became   strong   and   a ;  year   afterward   had   twins."���������Mrs.   J j  UiiAnv, Fort Coulongn, Quebec. #   I  Thousands of women right here in  Canada who arc now blessed with robust  health cannot understand why thousands  of other women continue to worry and  suffer when they can obtain for a trifling  Bum Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription,  which will surely and quickly banish all  pain, distress and misery and restore the  ���������rfroni'inly Jiou.lt li.  Young mothers who preserve the  cJiarms of face; and figure in spite of an  increasing family and the care of growing  children are always to be envied. "Favov-  itc Prescription" gives the Htrength and  health upon which happy motherhood  depends. It enables the mother to nourish the infant life depending on her, aud  enjoy the happiness of watching the development of a perfectly healthy child.  A   GREAT   BOOK  THAT EVERY  WOMAN   SHOULD   HAVE.  Over a million copies of the "Tho  People's Common Sense Medical Adviser"  are now in the hands of the people. It is  a book that everyone should have and read  In case of accident or sickness.  Send fifty cent.1; (or stamps) for mailing  iliargcfl to Dr. Pierce's Invalids' Hotel,  Buffalo, N. Y., nnd enclose this notice  and you will receive by return mail, all  nhnrgcH and customs duty prepaid, thJU  valuable book.  There is hope for the conscientious  objector. Colonial Sir William Dunn  in a recent speech, said that Mr.  Lioyd-Oeorge was of opinion that they  might be employed in repairing  barbed  wire at the f tont I  CHILDHOOD AILMENTS  The ailments of childhood are many  but most of them are caused by some  dr-rnngf-nient of tlie stomach and bowels. Therefore to banish these troubles the stomach must be kept sweet  and the bowole regular. To do this  nothing can equal Baby's Own Tablet.?. Thousands of mothers have  proved this. Among them is Mrs.  Thomas Holmes. Blissfield, N. B., who  writes. "Every mother in this locality  uses Baby's Own Tablets as we.all  consider them the very best medicine  for childhood ailments"." The Tablets  are sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 cents a box from the Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,-  Ont.  "So you were at .Tack and Xellie's  wedding, were you? How did Jack  look during  the ceremony?"  "ITo looked awfully solemn. But f  .suppose that was only natural, seeing  that he was ringing his own Nell."  W. N. U. 1107  School 'JVachor���������-I'm sorry lo -ay,  Mr. Jones, that your boy is very bael;-  v.ard   in  his  stud-h's.  .lone.s���������That's strange! At homo in  ronvor'ation with .me he *���������'".:���������:��������������������������� to  know  it  all.  Tbe Art of Bomb Dropping  Aerial bomb dropping is now one  of tin; f-ciVnci-d of war, and a considerable portion of time in the training  of a pilot is spent in acquiring this  art. _  The young pilot is taught always  to have the wind at his back and the  bows of his craft pointing directly at  she object to bombed. For this purpose he is provided with a formula  minutely worked out which allows for  both the speed of the ship and for  the direction of the prevailing wind���������  two factors which influence accuracy  in bomb-dropping to a very great extent.  Skill in aiming is obtained by floating large portions of timber���������constructed to resemble miniture warships- upon the surface of a lake and  by approaching them at -varying degrees of speed, altitude, and direction  of wind.  An Always Ready Pill.���������To those of  regular habit medicine is of little concern, but the great majority of men  are not of regular habit. The worry, and cares of business-prevent it,  and out of the irregularity of life  comes dyspepsia .indigestion, liver  and kidney troubles as a protest. The  run-down system demands a corrective and there is none better than  Parmeloo's Vegetable Pills. They arc  simple in their composition and can  be taken by the most delicately constituted. ,  ."Sfr  ^  ���������^r  Long in the Making  The Prussia of today, with its cursed rule and cursed principles, has  been long in the making, and what  an tuishapen/ ungodly mass it is! It  has been described as the last remaining hulk of materialistic barbarism. - The .-wonder is.that when worshipping at the shrine of mere force,  students from our country and other  countries were so hopelessly blinded  to what was going on around them.���������  Winnipeg__Tribune.  An Oil That is Famous.���������Though  Canada "was not the birthplace of Or.  Thomas' Eclectric Oil, it is the home  of that famous compound. From here  its good name was spread to Central  and South America, the West Indies,  Australia and New Zealand. That is  for'-afield enough to attest its excellence, for in all these countries it is  on sale and, in demand.  He serves a bad master who serves  the multitude.���������Ex.  Tho Mesopotamia!) valley, up which  the British expedition from the the  Persian Gulf has made its- way, is,  according to tradition, man's first���������-  and last paradise. But Tommy Atkins, toiling through the sand under a  blazing sun, fighting fleas and flics as  well as Turks and-Arabs, did not find  the country Fdenic. One night when  the' troops were trying to sleep one  soldier was heard to sav to another:  " 'Ere, Bill, if this is the Garden of  Eden, I wonder what. Adam: and Evo  did with these 'ere mosquitoes a-buz-  zin' around 'em?"���������New York Independent. .    ���������   ��������� .;.   ^  Some Canadians were recently digging a new lino.of trenches behind  their line in France, writes an officer,  when a jar was found in which were  200 silver crowns. The coins, which  were in fine state of preservation, bote  dates between 1745 and 1747���������a period  in which heavy fighting-was taking  place over the same ground in Flanders. Each member of he working  party wa3 given one.cf the coins as a  souvenir.  Tailor how many pockets in your  trousers?  Customer���������Only one, please; my  wife is a busy woman, and I want to  save her time when she goes through  them.       : .'���������*'.-  " :  '."  I cured 'a horse of tho Mange with  MINARD'S ��������� JJMMENT.  .CHRISTOPHER   SAUNDERS.  Dalhous'ie.  I cured a horse badly torn by a  pitch fork, with MINARD'S LINIMENT.  St, Peter's. C.  B. EDW. LINLIBF.  I cured a horse of a bad swelling by  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  Bathurst, N.B. THOS.   W.  PAYNE.  "In this war with Germany what  do you propose doing?"  "tho Government, if I could get  a big supply contract."  Everything is good in its place. The bile, which, -under certain conditions, causes so much distress, is of the greatest value as an antiseptic and  cathartic when it is properly handled by the liver.  The chief function of the liver seems to be the filtering of bile from the  blood, where it acts as a poison, and pouring it into the intestines, where it  hastens the course of the food mass through the alimentary canal, and by  its antiseptic influence prevents fermentation of the food.  When you suffer from biliousness and indigestion and have a coated tongue, bitter  taste in the mouth, headaches and loss of appetite, you will do well to look to the condition of the liver. Other symptoms aro wind on the stomach, which causes belching, and  the formation of gas, which gives rise to dizziness nnd pains about tho heart.  Because the liver has failed, tho food in tho alimentary canal is fermenting instead  of being digested, looseness and constipation of tho bowels alternate, tho wholp digeo--  tive-system is thrown out ol? order and the blood is poisoned.'  By immediately awakening the action of tho liver and bowel3, Dr. Chaso's Kidney-  Liver Pills affords relief for this condition most promptly. On this account they are  generally recognized aa tho most effective curo for biliousness, liver complaint, indigestion, constipation, .and the pains and aches which arise from poisons in tho blood. Tho  benefits are lasting 'because this medicine removes the cause of trouble.  One pill a- doso, 25 cents a box, all dealers, or Bdmanson, Bates & Co., Limited, Toronto.  Do not be talked Into accepting a substitute.   Imitations disappoint.  Dr. Chaso's Roclpe Book. 1.000 selected redoes, sent freo If rou mention tbifl pajx&fti  V .CCHE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. G,  ���������i  BRITISH    HISTORIAN'S    INTERESTING    INTERVIEW  Profess T Oman Says That  German   Fighting  Forces are Soon  To Suffer. Through.' Lack of Men,  and That the Heavy  Casualties are Having a Depressing Effect  "Lord Kitchener is reported to have  Baiil-froni the first that this will be a  long war.    J  consider Hud  its .ending  ��������� will  prove, to  be more a question    of  ' psychologv  than of  military  happenings. But." in turn, it seems that mili-  't-iry   happenings.alone 'will   produce  That stute of ''public    feeling    in  the  belligerent    countries     upon ,.��������� which  peace can be l'oundo.l."  So Professor Oman, the distinguish  ed Oxford historian,'answered a question of the New 'York Times: correspondent us to when and through what  steps he thought tlie war would end.  In 1884 Professor Oman brought out  his first volume. "The Art of War ui  the Middle Ages." Since that date, as  a study of his published works will recall, he has prob'ably aulhoritativcly  explained more wars to more students  *of history than any other living.historian. And his views upon the present war arc interesting for further  reasons. From.the very beginning tic  has occupied a responsible, post in  connection with the censorship, and���������  what is really more important���������he  typifies a "university influence"  which in England traditionally sits at  the right elbow of statesmen.  "My work in connection with the  censorships keeps German newspapers  in my hands 'about eight .hours a  clay," he continued, "and r can't help  feeling that the Germans are ready  for peace. But for pence only upon  impossible terms. There is more fighting to be done." .  "This means, then,*' T said, /as Professor Oman paused and looked reflectively into the vlrc, "that many  precious lives arc yet to ho lost; that  still deeper layers of the world's  wealth are yet to be wasted ��������� .away;  that agonies of all sorts are yet to be  endured. Therefore, professor, would  you hold the immediate substitution  of negotiations for battles to be deplorable?''  "Not by any means, if possible,"  he answered quickly, "but what is  the use when each side's terms arc  too far apart; when one side feels that  they are on top today and the other  side rightly mindful'of the price they  have already paid, >s profoundly confident that "they will be- on top tomorrow? it is a high duty to see that  in any case Germany's force-philosophy does not profit, her. We have undertaken to see this war through to  a successful end, and we have .very  good reasons for believing that we can  do this if we only hang on.  "Let us lake, for instance, the German casualties. A recent estimate by-  Colonel Keppington. tlie military correspondent of The 'lifftes, pretty accurately represents what the Germans  have acknowledged. Out of a total  available 0,000,000 men it is more  than conservative to say -that 2.700,-  000 are already out of action for good.  A simple calculation wili show how  such losses, even taking into account-  the classes which are yearly called  to the colors, must iu the end exhaust  their reserves. And. this being tho  case, it is demonstrable that their  fighting forces will v.ventually suffer  through lack o fmen.  "The way in which they made their  casualties public is very significant  At the commencement of the war they  printed the most elaborate details nf  every casualty; the place and date of  the action wcr������ given, tlie character of  the wound stated, and sometimes it  . was even told where the man was in  hospital. All of this, too, was allowed  to be reprinted in the newspapers.  But now the German papers are not  allowed to reprint or even to comment upon the casualties, and the  full details as given in the earlier  months of the war. aro no longer  stilted in the official lists. The normal German regiments are so local dial  when a battalion is exterminated '.he  local effect would bo too depressing,  us indeed it has proved.  "Hut there are a ��������� number of interesting things besides this, which a  constant comparison since the war of  the British and German press brought  home to me. One is the very careful  and astute 'editing'- mid garbling  which news from Fnglisl; papers receives, and even American news, for  that matter. Colonel Harvey, for instance, was probably astonished when  passages from an article of his entitled T'Jiigland Today, which appealed in tiic January number of The  North American 'Review, were-joyfully  quolcd out of their contexts by the  II a in burger Naehrichfen as substantial im,'  British  atrocities.  "Then it is most interesting to see  how 'inspired' leaders, or, as you say.  editorials, appear simultaneously U)  such differently motived papers as the  Socialistic Vorwarls. and, let us say.  a militaristic, and agrarian mouthpiece like the Deutsche Tages/.eitung.  The official character of these, articles  gives itself away by the simultaneous  appearance and identical wording, and  they scorn to me to be appearing more  frequently now than during the earlier stages of the war. This indicates  that the people need encouraging, and  is just one more bit of evidence that  makes it clearly expedient, as well  aB our duty, to keep on affecting German pysehology." j  Professor Oman slopped talking, and  walked across the room to where some  bookshelves, which covered a quarter  of the whole wall space,-were bursting with volumes dealing with the  American civil war. "I am looking,"  hi! explained, "lo soo if it was General Robert 15. Lee. wno .spoke of duty  as the 'subliniost' word in the English   language."  Grain Transportation  Under   Normal     Weather    ^Conditions  Railways  Should   be   able   to  Handle the  Crop  Immediately after the recent opening of navigation on tho St. Lawrence  lakes, there was a rush for vessel accommodation for the transportation  of: grain to tide water. A bout f&ur  million bushels of .wheat: were shipped  from fort Arthur and Tort William  in vessels in the three weeks prior to  the -2nd of April, inclusive.. More  than double this amount had been  brought, out by rail after the season  of navigation closed last December,  and during tlie same interval there  were shipped by the same route near-  ly a million"and a iiiartcr bushels of  pats, and small quantities of baVley  and flax.:. On the 22nd there were in  stocks ^-awaiting- shipment in vessels  27,004,000 bushels of wheat, 9,:*52,652  of oats, 1,0-1'),iJ02 of barley, nearly a  million of flax.  It would be unwise to infer from  the experience.of last- winter that the  railway companies cannot profitably  handle the transportation of grain  after the closing and before the opening of navigation. Owing to the very  abnormal conditions that prevailed  during the winter there was a great  scarcity of- freight- cars, -which may  not occur next winter. The immediate effect was lo raise factitiously the  price of wheat that happened to be  s,tored cither at or near the head of  ocean navigation. Had there been no  shortage of cars much more wheat  might have been carried east from  Winnipeg,;thus making-a.better showing for the railways than tlie bare  statistics of this year would indicate.  ���������'Toronto Globe.  The Gasoline Shortage  Western   Canada    May   Plan   an    Important     Part     in     Solving  the Difficulty  Hard on tlie wheels of the automobile comes ������ii problem born of its  popularity. Ton years ago the automobile was built for men of wealth,  lis cost made it the symbol of that  class which .does'not-mind the price.  With a one-lunger at fifteen hundred  dollars, and the. nioro. advanced two  and four cylinder cars at twice that  figure, the dream" oi. the horseless  carriage as the universal vehicle was  Utopian' indeed.  But, inventors and manufacturers  assured the. public the dream would bo  realized. 'Ihe prices of a decade ago  were ilue to "costly experiments, exclusive patents, and limited production. Those conditions would pass  away. One maker said he would build  a car so cheap that tho'man who could  NEUTRAL VISITOR TO   GERMANY   IS ASTOUNDED  There Has Been a Veritable Revolution, of Feeling Against the  *      Continuance of the War, and Many Signs of Civil Strife  Are Becoming More and More Apparent  What Verdun Means  American  Writer Gives  Reasons  Why  Verdun Was Chosen as German Objective  Why' did tlie Germans choose Verdun as their objective? In the minds  of most casual readers of history and  of war news, Verdun is accepted as  the  bulwark  of  France,  the  gate  to  Utilizing Waste Material  The  Commercial   Value  of   a   Noxious  Weed is Discovered  The -manner in which the commercial  necessities  imposed  by  the  war,  is resulting in  the utilization of material hitherto considered mere waste  or positively   nuisance,    is    nowhere  more strongly illustrated than in (he  report which comes from Queensland,  to the effect that it is pioposed to use  the growth  of  Prickly Pears  in  that  country for the production of Potash  on a commercial basis.    The 'Prickly  Pear  has  proven    one  of   the    most  troublesome of the noxious  weeds in  Queensland.    Jt  had   become  such  a  nuisance,    that its    destruction on a  large scale by means of arsenious tri-  chlorkte,  had  been  seriously' contemplated.    It has been discovered, how-  ever, that it is possible to extract fifteen per    cent, of  Potash,   -from the  ashes of this plant, by means of washing.-    in  this way    one-half    ton of  eighty per cent. -Potassium Carbonate  may be obtained, to  tho acre.      Ihe  ash is gathered by means of a vacuum  machine,   but only  cne-half  of  it  is  recovered.    This method is  in actual  operation on one block ot laud of 10,-  000 acres, which is infested by prickly  pear and the statement is made that  it   is   possible  that   Queensland   innv  eventually, bo able to export  Potash,  manufactured from this source.  The Way to Win  One of the biggest men in this country maintains that your success depends upon how hard you work. He  says, if you want to make a success  of anything, .keep pegging away at if.  and' the measure of your achievement,  will depend upon how hard you  "plug." He reminds you of the fact  that one night of riotous living consumes the equivalent physical and  mental strength ot two daws of hard  toil.  It is a fact, whore; one man dies  from overwork, one bundled die from  .stagnation���������too many persons arc  prone to give \\p a project-before they  got really started one it. Ho winds up  this practical advice; by saying: "Get  the respect of your rivals by boating  thorn at their own game- in a clean  wav."  not afford to keep a horse  would drive it. This promise had boon  literally fulfilled. In the United States  alone there are today 2,225.000 automobiles in use, compared with 85,000 in  1005, and 10,000 in 1809. The automobile rides on the crest of popularity.  And born of this popularity comes  a problem, foreseen only by the more  astute. A gun without powder and a  locomotive without coal are of exactly  the same service as an automobile  without gasoline. Lhormous efforts  have been made by the oil-industry  to keep pace \vith the demand. The  production of gasoline in the United  States lias been increased from (1,680,-  000 barrels in 1890 to 41,000,000 barrels  in 19.15, an increase of 512 per cent.  But in the same period the automobiles in use increased 22,150 per cent.  not to speak of the motor boats, motor  trucks, farm tractors, gasoline engines,  motor cycles and aeroplanes.  The situation faced is an unusual  one. When a shortage occurs in wheat,  or cotton, or beef," or manufactured  products, the rising price induces, a  greater production, and the balance  is, at least in some degiee, restored.  But gasoline is a natural product,  which, when consumed, cannot be restored. There is just so much gaso-  -line in tlie bowels of the earth: when  it has been pumped out. there will be  no more gasoline. And already the  day of exhaustion seems near at hand.  Secretary of the Interior Lane, of 'the  United States, finds that some oil  fields are already 93 per cent, exhausted; and many of the biggest fields aro  over fifty per cent, exhausted. Worse  still, the.best gasoline fields are being  exhausted' first. The average production for J915 was 6 .1-2 gallons of crude  oil to ono, gallon of gasoline, - but in  some of the big fields remaining,  forty gallons of crude oil are required  to produce one gallon of gasoline.  The matter is one of peculiar interest to Western-Canada. "With "a .prosperous farming community, a country  of great distances and good natural  roads. Western Canada is, par ������������������jxcel-  lence, the home of the automobile.  With millions of acves of fertile soil  unbroken by root ov stone, Western  Canada offers fields for motor traction  unknown in other lands With the  steadily increasing industrial importance of mixed agriculture,.calling for  the gasoline engine on every farm, the  question of power supply is one of  first importance.  And it may be (hat Western Canada,  which is so keenly interested in this  question, will play a big part, in its  solution. Already oil win. a very high  gasoline content has been tapped in  Alberta, and it is impossible to say  what the future may bring forth in  oil development in the province..  Enormous quantities of wet gas (natural gas saturated with gasoline) are  blowing into the atmosphere. By distillation this gasoline, can be saved,  and some success has already attended  efforts in that direction.  Then there is the possibility of a  substitute liquid to take the place of  gasoline. Science is looking towards  alcohol, which can >,u produced from  many vegetable matters, and with  groat succss from potatoes. According  to Government returns Alberta grow-;  more potatoes to the acre than any  state in the United States, and those  potatoes aro grown on cheap land compared -with land varied at one hundred dollars an acre and more. After  potatoes have been used in tho manufacture of alcohol. tho by-product  makes an excellent feed for stock. If  the iiun-iimitioii could giasp ihe unoccupied millions of Alberta's rich  acres producing potatoes for (ho manufacture of alcohol, with tin; by-product being convened into beef, both  gasoline and meat problems of civilization wnu!d In.1 on a fail way to solution.  and buggy \ Paris,  and  the chief fortress of  that  great barrier which fiom Luxemburg  to Switzerland defended the eastern  frontier of the -Republic- It was, all  things considered, the strongest fortified place in Europe when the war  came. Why, then, did the Germans  elect to fight here?  The, reason is simple. The first-  months of the war-.utterly' eliminated  fortresses from the "reckoning. The  rapid collapse of Liege, Antwerp and  Maubeuge demonstrated that the fort  had failed to keep pace with the gun.  What was illustrated,in the west in  the early days was finally'demonstrated in the east last summer, when the  Russian fortresses followed the path of  the Belgian and French. Accordingly  the French after the Marno simply  abandoned the forts of Verdun as defensive positions. 'They took the guns,  out of them; they moved them to new,  concealed positions, and the forts  ceased to have real importance. Verdun was only a point in the long  trench--line running fiom the North  Sea to Switzerland/ The forts, save  that they provided protection for re-  servs, lost, all; value. They entered  into the system'of trenches, and Verdun .'was defended by .men and by  guns and by ditches, 'precisely like  Rheims or Arras.  In the second place, Verdun was  the most difficult place in tho. French  line to supply either with men or munitions.    Before the war two railroad  Ihe London Daily Chronic-la's Am.  stcrdnm correspondent sends an account of a visit to'Germany and Bel-  ������":inn just made by a neutral of high  connection, who saio:-.  "I "'as in Germany about three  months ago when hope was high;  Verdun had not brought, its--'disillusionment. But now I never could believe an entire national spirit could  change so completely. There has been  a veritable revolution in feeling and  opinion. What astonished me more  than anything else was the outbreak  of fooling against the Kaiser. I could  never have believed such a change  possible to the .German people. And  not only the people. The same spirit  of revolt shows itsslf among the others.  The Kaiser, of course, has'his", bands  of surpporters both m the army and  among the people and in this fact 1  somctmies thought I saw "siens of ���������  civil^ strife, which is more and more  threatening lo rend Germany in,twain.  Very soon, unless I completely mis-  .iako the signs, it wuT\|)e-only pro-  Kaiser'and anti-Kaiser, and one' side  or the' other will be driven out of  sight.'- ������������������.���������'."'  "At present, owing tc the unwilling-,'  ncss of the groat majority to. shoV;  their feelings openly, it appears the  pro-Kaiser party is the stronger, but  once there is an open breach I believe  the others will prove immeasurably  more, numerous and influential. If the  universal and deep desire of the entire people has any power to make  itself felt in the councils of Germany,  then peace ought not to be far away.  "As for the condition of Belgium,  what strikes one there: is the dreadful scarcity of food. For three months  the people of Brussels have scarcely  soon, a potato.- I often wondered what  was happening to the stores which  the United States is sending for the.  Belgians.    I did  hear  a story which  ,...       .     ��������� ���������      ���������       gave me some idea of  what is going  hues of first importance met at Ver-��������� 0���������.. jt j3 the custom for the burco-  dun���������one, a doublc-lrack lino coming 'masters of the smaller Belgian towns  east rroiu  Paris  in the  direction    of   to send in a statement of the urgent.  Metz; the other coming' north along  theMeuse valley from the Paris-  Nancy line. When the Germans took  St: JVlihiel in; September; 1914, they  cut the  latter    line.     In tl  'requirements to hea '.quarters at Brussels. \Vlion the, supplies arrived in  these.small.places thorc.was of course  a tremendous demand from the popu-  .,     ,r ,.      ���������11 tlie    r.(   u"^'Union, but, I was assured that before  from the Manic   he Germans halted   t])|, distribution    to the public    took*  at  Varennes    anct . Montiancon    and j   laee (hc officera of ihe German forces  from these towns then- heavy, artillery   lhvre fkst hfld thdr pic].. AVhen thev  commanded the Paris-Veruun lino by  indirect fire and it ceased to be available.  There was left to tho French, then,  only one narrow-gauge' line coming  north from Bar-le-Duc, a light railway, incapable of bearing heavy traffic because of the grades. Practically,  then, Verdun was isolated, so far as  railroad communication was concerned, and the army defending the Verdun sector was dependent almost entirely upon road transport, upon automobile trucks, or as the French say,  camions. This- transport was sufficient as long as Verdun was held, by  a relatively small force and was only  a fraction of the great front, but would  it be sufficient when the main attack  was directed at this sector and the  Germans massed two thousand guns  (and a quarter of a million men on a  narrow front? Could France munition  or supply an equal number of men  and sufficient guns to meet the storm?  The Germans believed not.���������Frank H.  Simonds, in the American Review of  Reviews.  had finished there often was not mud;  left for the famished people."  Forest Preservation  - The Seller's Friend.  By increasing their buying opera-  lions in he country the moat packers  have succeeded in developing a most  effective means of depressing the  prices paid for livestock on the open  markets. Country buying eliminates  competition to a wry large extent and  the buyer's grip on the seller grows  as the central market loses in importance.  Vet. in spite of these facts, then? aro  livestock producers who encourage the  packers in their campaign t'> promote  country buying, on lie- theory that  it brings, tho producer cud Ihe buyer  (.-loser  together.  It is about lime that the person.4  directly affected by this practice come  lo   realize   that,   when   th."   buver  and  ,!  Instructive Publications Issued by the  Canadian Forestry Association  The first edition of "A '.Mailer of  Opinion," a little booklet issued by  tho Canadian Fore dry Association  amounting to 25,000 copies, has already boon distributed to settlors,  railway employees, campers, fire  rangers ami others who are specially  interested in forest preservation. '.'A  Matter of Opinion" brings home in a  direct and forcible way" the groat  importance of conserving the forest  resources of Canada for present and  future generations. The Canadian  Forestry Association is a purely public spirited body, not being connected  in any way with government or special  interests,' and it has done valuable  work throughout the Dominion in developing ,<m interest in the highly  commendable task it has set itsglf to  achieve. All should have a copy of  the insructive publications issued by  the association. Those may bo had  by addressing a card to (lie secretary,  Ro!>son Black, Bootli buildim  tawa.  Ol-  Tommy Atkins always fakes his  fighting humorously, as ono described the destruction of an aeroplane  which flow over tho British linos  sporting French colors.  "Some'ow or other 1 thought i])K  blighter was German, and at last I  couldn't stand it no longer. 'Puff!  puff!' said Archibald, and down the  beggar came.  Archibald, of course, is the slang  name for an anti-aircraft gun, and it  was found that over the planes with  their great black crosses the Germans  had contrived movable flaps marked  with the tricolor.  During tho service in a little country  church three ladies were obliged lo  lake shelter there iron, a. heavy  shower.  Tho officiating miuis.lor, knowing  who they wore, and wishing to be respectful to them, stopped down to the  clerk', who was on his knees, and  whispered: "Three chairs for the  ladies."  Tho man. who was rather deaf, looked up and shouted: "Three cheers for  llio ladies!" which were given* with  hearty good-will.  Air, .Slimpurse (reeling his way)---  your charming daughter tolls me ihat  she is an excellent cook and housekeeper. Old Lady (calmly)���������Vo,s, I  have had her carefully taught, for I  have always h"ld that no lady who  docs not understand housekeeping can  properly direct u retinue of servants.  the seller got elosv  logether, and   nobody   else   is   round,   ihe   seller   nia  bo hit on the lead  with  a sandbag.  Tho open  market  is  tho  produ ���������-���������r'  greatest    assurance of fail  Hi: is just as clos  eonsmiHT there as  oi  lair treat no. nt. I on ihe  lo the buyer ami  io is  in the coun  try an<  the   se'  the  buyer's  ler's   be-t,  frit  competitors are  nds.    'Tho  seller  is not. often able to dictate terms, but \ t  tho   powerful   force   of  competition   is  his if ho  will only  take advantage of  it.--The   Countrv   Gentleman.  Continue Splendid Co-operation  The ideal of course, would be for the  allies to adc>->t the policy of free trade  among (hen. Ives, leaving the rest of  the world to lollow the example at its  leisure. That would mark the greatest  advance over made in world relationships and would bo tho noblest fruit  of the war. Wo hope that heroic expedient will be dtscu.-.sed at. the <ou-  leivnec. But in tln> absence of --ueh  an achievement, there are many  thing- to be done. Tho allies at tho  procnt time arc pooling their resources in an unprecedented measure.  Wo are wo'-king together as one firm.  France concentrating on this form of  production, England on that. Russia  other-all by arrangement, all  for tic common benefit. Wo have  founded great trusts, not fur private  advantage, but for :ho general advantage, and have excluded (ho oxploita-  ion of the    middleman    from  War Temperature  Tho temperature of which bailies  aro, fought, how the magnitude of the  war arcu.    Here tiro a few indications;  Near Baghdad J'JO in the sun.  Near Kut-ol-Kaimir, HO dog. in the  shade. ���������'  Frzerum,   10 (leg.  b-'dou   zero  Persian Gulf, Ml) dec.  in th- shade.  Jn the latter I'lilish warships have  boon doomed lo palrd what is desjg.  Haled as tho hottest corner (,j the  whole earth.  roat  areas (d trade. Lot us (���������cganizo tho  continuance of this splendid co-operation, it is saving us in war; it will  bh.-s    us    in    peace���������London     Oaily  AeWS.  He I'of "he militia)���������"T.'Vs" are play.  i >\ every night on tho bugle. It moans  "Lights out." They play it over the  bodies   of  dead   soldiers.  .\li.-s Innocence���������-What do you lie  if you havn't. a dead soldier?  ���������Mm -A dancer reminds mo of a tug  boat.     '  .lam    How so?  ''<j> Lives by her towa.  masmm  mmammmnssm ~*&r. "Msii'acrwi *���������  r~Zrl~. "MV.^.** H&P&ll&'ir? i  THE   SUN.,  GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  !���������'  NEWS OF II CITY  ��������� ama-Pacific   exposition   last  su'ni-j day for Phoenix, where he will   be-  mer, had  his  property  returned to [come   blacksmith-for  the   Granby  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min.      Max.  .June23���������Friday  52 7S  24���������Saturday. ....- 5(5 69  25���������Sunday  51 64  26���������Monday  58 G7  27���������Tuesday  55 77  28���������Wednesday .. 53 63  2G-Thursday  42 64  Inches  Rainfall :  1.88  him laet week by the San Francisco  authorities. It is ' presumed that  the police found the watch in some  pawn shop.  The body of Eddie Schliehe, who  was drowned in the North Fork in  this city about three weeks ago, was  found Sunday at Gilpin by the son  of William Phillips. The authori  ties in this city were at once notified and the remains were brought  here for burial. .  company.  H.   C.   Kerman   left on Monday  for England.    He expects to be aa-  sent about two months.  Misses Meta and Vera Reid left  on Tuesday for a visit to Vancouver  and other coast cities.  Graud ForBs birds are making a  good showing at the International  egg laying contest at Victoria. A  pen of White Leghorn hens owned  by J. A. McCallum. of this cily, are  making other hens in the contest sit  up and take notice. For the month  ending April 21st the egg production of this pen was 113; for the  month ending May 2 l^t, 117, and  for the month euding June 2l6t  122 In t-gg production for May this  peu ranked seventh in a class of  jfurty pens, and for the month of  June ninth.  "Rose Sunday" will be observed  at the Methodist church on Sunday  by a special service for young people at 11 a.m. The church will be  decorated with rosA������, which will be  dstribuhd to tbe sick in the district, and everyone attending the  service is asked to wear this favorite flower. At this service a branch  of the "Young Worshippers League"  will be formed. Adults as well as  young people"invited Evening service at 7:30, conducted by dbe pas.  tor.  W. S. Ashley, who has been principal of the Grand Forks high school  during the past year, will leave in a  few days for Saskatchewan to fook  after some ol his property From  that province he will go to Toronto  o enlist f er overseas service.  Tbe firm of Campbell & Liddi-  coat, general blacksmiths, has been  dissolved, and in future the - busi  ness will be carried on by Mr. Lid-  dicoat. Mr. CampbelJ has taken a  position as blacksmith for the  Granby company at Phoenix.  The Daughters of the' Empire  will tender the sixty-one members  of D comyany, 225th bittaiu n, a  farewell dinner in the Davis hall  this evening, and tonight the soldiers  have bien invited, by the same society, to attend the performance at  the Empress theatre in a body. The  ��������� company expects to leave for Ver  non some time next week.  J.  W.   Bengough,   the    famous  Canadian cartoonist, will   give   one  of bis   illustrated   lectures   dealing  with    prohibition    in   the  Empress  theatre   on    Wednesday  next  at   8  o'clock.    Admission    will    le   fne  and a collection will be taken.    Owing to the limited seating   capacity,  no children will be admitted   unless  accompanied by thrir parents.  Mrs. Geo. D. Goodhue, of Port  land, Ore , and her daughter in-law,  Mrs. Roy Goodhue, of Spokane, are  visitors this week at the home of  Mr. and Mrs. J. A. Smith. They  will remain in the city for a few  days  D company, 225th battalion, will  parade to Knox Presbyterian church  next Sabbath to attend a- patriotic  service at 11 a.m, when tho honor  roll will be unveiled. The adult  class will be in charge of the music.  Mrs. Lew Johnson, of  California,  is visiting her daughter in this city.  H. E.   Woodlann   returned  Spokane on Tuesday.  from  PEN POINT JABS  Hon. L. A. Campbell, minister of  mines, came up from Spokane in  his motor car on Monday and spent  a day in the city before leaving for  his home in liossland.  Cascade will be visited by C. H.  Hardy, prohibition organizer, . on  Monday next, the meeting being  held in the Presbyterian church at  8 p.m.    Questions invited.  Mrs. James Hutton and children  left on Wednesday for Winnipeg,  where they will spend some time  visiting friends and relatives.  The Bishop of Kootenay administered the rite of confirmation to  seven candidates at Holy Trinity  church Sunday morning  For Sale���������Gramophone; used five  months; cost $33.50; sell .for 828 50.  Kwong Wing's   Laundry,  Box   164.  A C P R. engineer on the Boun-  eliry division, who had a valuable  watch stolen while visiting the   Pa-  j .) E Thompson, of Phoenix, Lib-  i eral candidate for Grand Forks rid-  iing, was a visitor in the city on  i Wednesday.  |     J. N. Campbell left   on   Wednes  EATHER I  LAST  And now is the time to think of  _ _ _ summer wearables. We can supply  your Wants, and, remember, all at Reduced  Prices, so naturally it is to your advantage to  do your shopping here.  Men's Summer Furnishings f^m^i  man cool and comfortable even during the approaching'hot weather. Light weight summer  underwear, outing shirts, cashmere, worsted and  cotton socks.  Ready!   Men's Smart Suits mefand  young men, made of fine worsteds, mohairs, cheviots and summer serges. Latest style and workmanship.   It's natural you should want the best.  Let  us  fill your  grocery orders for the  leS coming    month.     Good    goods.    Good  service.    Low prices. Prompt delivery.  Eatab!<  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  He who starts out to meet trouble  has a short journey.  Genius, aud common sense blended  usually spell success.  If you have fisded a good deal, and  never caught anything, look for other  amusement.  Sometimes not being able to do  what he wants to do is the best luck  a man could have.  It has been pretty well demonstrated that no amount of advice will end  the war in Europe.  If one has no cash to save for a  rainy day let him at least see that he  saves some of his credit.  . Many a fellow has proposed to an  heiress on his knees in the hope that  she would put him on his feet.  Naturally enough, the fate of the  little nations appears as an academic  subject to Andorra and   San   Marino.  The disappointing thing about peo-  ,ple dislocating their jaws laughing is  that they never tell us what the joke  was.  Liars never succeed because a man  who has sense enough to keep from  getting his lies mixed up lias too much  seuse to lie.  Maybe health conditions are so good  in (.lie Panama canal zone because the  people get so much outdoor exercise  clearing away the slides.  -Turkish carpets are now being manufactured, it is said,in Irish factories.  Bub possibly the Turks can "reprisal  in kind" by manufacturing Irish linen.  Somebody" has discovered that it  was Demosthenes who originated the  phrase, "Sinews of war." ." But does  anybody expect an orator to stop and  give him credit for it.  The government is   now  encourag  ing   the   formation   of citizens'   rifle  clubs. There are other kinds of rifling  that flourish without   any encourage  meut.  BoT Up-to-Date Jewellery-  ���������' - ��������� Goto  Timberlake, Son <���������������-> Co.  Newest Styles Choicest Patterns  Lowest Prices  The Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Grand Forks  ornson s  itore  Has  a  full stock of Groceries---Fruits  and  Vegetables m season���������at RIGHT PRICES  Try Our Blue Ribbon (JTea at 45c per Pound  None Better  Phone 85  First Street  Grand Forks  House to Lft���������Empty Aug. 1st;  eight rooms; 'central. Cabinet,  stoves, carpets, blinds, sortie fund  lure, books, tent, poultry and fine  garden crop for sale; bargain.  Phone R48.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to.gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  Kitchener of Khartoum  Blown mist shrouding the   heather,  _ where rarely a sun   ray   smiles;  The wild, bleak,windy weather over  the Orkney lies;  Tbe mournful curlews crying,  then  sudden the deep sea doom  For the last great man of  a fighting  clan,   for   Kitchener of  Khar  toum!  Call the roll from the  Black   Prince  down of many a valiant son,  Marlborough,Cromwell who spurned  a crown, and Wolfe and   Well  ington;  Lucknow's hpro, brave of the brave  vetBtill there will be room  For him  whoso   grave   is   Ihe green  sea wave,for Kitchener of Khar  toum!  Tears, ye. whose sires   were  Saxons,  and ye whose sires were Danes,  And ye who feel the Norman   blood  pulse hot within your veins!  For where��������� where ia another knight  of the peerless plume  Shall lead ve in your hour  of   need  like Kitchener of Khartoum!  ���������Clinton Seollard.  Granby Shipments  The following are the monthly  phipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  1915. 1916  Tons. Tons  January       42,211 83,802  February....      03,091 77,048  March'       69,948 8(5.782  Agril       85,382 90,786  May     100,693  June     103,004  July     101,058  August.......    103,062  Septembe...      93,245  October......      96,430  November...     82,187  December...   "94,475  Total...... 1,034,786  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half.th'it of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained,, merely on its merits as a-  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  Poultry men  Improve Your Flocks  For Sale���������Fifty S.U.White  Leghorn Cockerels. Bred  ft" egg production only.  Your choice at $2.00 each.  J. A. rJMcCALLUM,  f'RAND FORKS, IS. C.  Addressing Mai!  to Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment" (or other  unit), staff appointment or department. '���������'.."  (f) Canadian Contingent  (<:)   British Expeditionary Force.  (h) Army Post, London, England.  Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as brigades, dvisions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay.  ndependent Brand  Counter Cfiecfc  Books  Made in Toronto. Tlie  npsfcounter check books  on the market today.  Eastern. Prices  We have a two years'  contract to handle these  books. Call and see samples  At The Sun Office  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING\  Furniture  Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  RCMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Yale Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  P. A.  Z.  PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fiust Strekt  />  ������i >> j ������<  The man at the head of affairs  whether dt home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read by the head of  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK  your  repairs to  Armson, oboe  re  pairor.    The   Hub.    Look for the   Rl|������  Boot,  _     SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHKST CASH PIUOES pnld for old Stow  and   nimbus.    K. C. Pockham,   Secondhand Store.

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