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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jun 25, 1915

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 if -  "V  kettle .galley Orchardist  fourteenth: year���������no 34  GRANI> FORKS, B.. C, FRIDAY, JUNE 25, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  ADDRESS ON THE  CRISIS  :^T^^^fi^-'i������^?^  A large audience gathered jo the  ' - operar house on Monday '"evening to  hear the address of Rev. A. E.  Cooke, .secretary of the Ministerial  Union of the Lower Mainland, on  the "Crisis in B. C." A hurried attempt was.made' toward nightfall to  divert the crowd by putting' on a  cheap show that.'evening, but this  move met with- failure. -    -  .-    Rev. M. D: McKee took the chair  ..for^the speaker, who was   also   supported on.the platform   by  Rev. C.  W. ICinsi." Mr.   Me'Kee,   in   introducing the speaker, emphasized the  fact it  .was  not a political meeting.  -The-ministers were solely,  solicitous  of learning the  fact's regarding the  performance of public affairs .'in this  province, and be  hope thosed present had come with  open "minds.for  truth, no matter from what point of  the compass it came.  Mr. Cooke, at the commencement  of his speech, said that the first  point he "wished" made clear was  that the Ministerial Union was not  in any sense a  political   affair, snSr  ��������� was * it a political   meeting. - From  this viewpoint the speaker  went 'on  .to define exactly., what  .the -.Ministerial Union'was.    Its objects  were  -to  correct   wrongs  in   government  that   were   robbing   the   people  of  what belonged to them.    -This task,  "Mr.'Cooke   said," was the   duty   of  every   minister   of true  principles.  He was not attacking the  Conservative party at all, though  it was true  that  they   were  attacking a   few of  -the men that of party. The politics  of the Ministerial Union to which he  belonged were purely the  politics of  the kingdom of God and their  platform   for   their   campaign was the  _ platform of righteousness. The house  of the people was being rifled of   its  treasures, of its merchandise and its  products, and   it  was therefore the  duty of the'ministers of the  associa-  '' tion and of the ministers of God   to  expose those who were rifling it.  Mr.  Cooke  paid   considerable at-  ��������� tention- to an item   which  appeared  - in last week's issue of the local apologist of the. McBride^machine.;. The  writer had made -the  assertion  that  the pamphleb,;''The Crisis in B.C.,''  had been repudiated by   the official  paper of Methodist church  in   British   Columbia.     Mr.   Cooke     denounced ��������� this   as a   misstatement.  The  Methodist  paper in   question  had attempted to secure recognition  as the official organ of  the  church,  but had failed. As evidence that the  Methodist   church   was   in hearty  accord with the work of  the  Minis-  trrial Union, he cited the   fact that  Rev. R. F. Stillman,   head of   that  denomination   in   the   West,    had  signed   the    -'Foreword"   of   "The  Crisis in B. C,"  Concluding this explanatory preamble, Mr. Cooke started of in earnest on his,.work oi the evening���������an  impassioned rendering of the pamphlet, "The Crisis in B. C."  The poor animal has been milked nearly dry.  ,.            _ M                       .   ���������      i u     i i l    j         ���������        ,.���������   ,         , - ,        t!me> while it would strengthen   the  e Ocean    Falls  company, infl-ited should be deserving ot the   absolute    ,       ,                      ,                ,  .    ,.     .         r       ' ,          ,          already   overtaxed   demands   upon  a   capitalization   of   SO,000,000, contempt   or every man throughout  .,     ,-v      , _        ��������� L,     ,-,  . n                                           .       . xi              ���������            ^.                     .            the Daughters of the  E  knowledge which he had felt  it  his of pulp  leases   to   thirty years and  number of original letters and certi-  duty to make public. . {the   manner   in   which -holders of, fied abstracts fr^m government  rec-  While speaking on the subject of these licenses, had been aided in, ords. ' They say ministers should  alienation of British Columbia lands, J every "way to the".detriment of the | not meddle in politics,'' continued  Mr. Cooke referred toHhe statement .country was also exposed, as was Mr. Cooke," "but who should med-  made by Mr. Bowser that over 91 also the manner in which a Ger-1 die with corrupt politics if ministers  million acres of land had been sur- man combination from San Francis- should not? If ministers, knowing  veyed and was ready for the settler co had been allowed to , float $10,- the facts as we, the ministers of the  and for the pre emptor. Mr. Ross 154,500 of stock through the regis--Ministerial Union," know them, and  had placed the figures at just over tration. of a S500 company in the knowing them to be true as we know  93 million acres, yet the report of attorney-general's department on them to be, were, through moral  the surveyor genera I "For British Col- November. '21, 1914, by which me.ms covardice, to keep "silent, then we  umbia for 1914 gave the figures as the  under 18 million acres,    ^yhere was  to  the missing 73 or 75 million acres? chiefly at the expense of victims in the province. Our people simply  Either the two ministers had been Great Britain, who had put their need to know the facts to be con-  lying or else the report was not hard earned savings into the 64,500,- vinced of the iniquities by which  worth the paper it was printed on. 000 over capitalization, together with they are being stripped of their her-  Mr..Cooke went right through the lhe PulP inil,������ 79>999 iicres of pulp-itage- therefore we have come out  '���������Crisi*" with no further interrup- timber, water power, ate, were all in the open to declare what we have  tion, save occasionally an outburst absorbed by Fleishhacker Bros, and discovered and demand that the  of applause or an enthused remark W- R Johnson, all of San Francisco, whole truth be made known. I ap-  of approbation wrung from some in .to be redistributed through their peal for the strictest and most thor-  dignant listener.    The hearing of the , company there. ough investigation that it is possible  case against Mr. Cotsworth had been j '  Mr. Bowser was  now   talking   of to make>   1 appeal in  the name  of  put   off   until   September, and Mr.   patriotism   and   was   interning the  tDe   men   who   are   tramping  the  Cooke intimatedfbat the   summons. Germans  in  the province, but this streel3   on   the verge  of starvation  had been purposely served on   Mr. |seemed in direct contradiction   with and despair because they  can   find  Cotsworth so that it   would   be   too ; the way he had aided the   Germans  late to take effnet during" the  recent j to take possession   of the   immense  sitting of the, court. ��������� It   was   plain, j wealth   nf  the   province.'-"I say he  he   believed,   that the  government | should   intern   the  property which  ���������did.not want, the case to come up at- belongs   to ' the province and which  all, because it- would    bring far too should never he allowed   to go  out  much    light  to bear on government of the. province," was  Mr.. Cooke's  natural 'criticism.  The tabulated list issued in   1912  showed that there were  then   4760  registered companies in British Col  umbia. float-id   mostly   on   watered  stock, with a capitalization   of   Sl,-  177,509,445, which   averaged    more  than ������3000 per head for every man.  woman and child  in   the   province.  No   wonder   there was  a  financial  stringency.    These -figures  did not  include another.$230,000,000 ot com.  cerns with headquarters' outside  of  the province.    There were even 356  trust companies in the   province  at  Cotsworth, which charges  after   all  that time, and it was this   huge ca-  included   "neglact of   duty" and a  pitalization that had aided so  many  number of other side L-sues. , b������gus companies in carrying on their  Mr. Cooke next donlt with the ex-'nefarious   work.     If   the   Sale   of  sustain that appeal."  ploitation ot British Columbia  coal  Shares Act had been  adopted   here      Such an eloquent peroration to  r.  Beginning with  the   "Foreword,'.' lands, and this was followed by   nu   as in Manitoba, a  large   amount of  series* of   indisputable     exposures  the speaker explained  the  position ' merous examples of how'millions of the   trouble, at  least,   would   have could  not  help   but   m������et wiih the  On Sunday afternoon last   a well  attended   mass   iBPeting   of  Grand  Forks citizens was held in   the  Empress theatre to discuss the question  of organized Red Cross work in   the  Gateway pity.    Judge Brown   presided.    After a number of platform  speakers and others  had   expressed  themselves on the wisdom of under-,  taking more definite  work   in   support- of   this  worthy cause of relief  for'our men at the front   and   their  dependents at home, a   branch   society or auxiliary was organized with  a large, influential   and  -representative body of men and women on the  executive   staff; and, with, the conveniently located depot in the opera  house offered by the Townsite company  through    F.   M  Holland,   its.  Toronto representative, who is   taking 'a lively interest in   the  scheme.  Grand   Forks   people   will   have  a  wider opportunity than heretofore .to  contribute  their  share  of   relief to  the sufferers in   the   present   world  conflict.    More   than   one   of    the.  speakers   warmly   commended  the '  work     of     the     local     Daughters  of   the   Empire since the   opening  of hostilities, but it wus pointed out  that the Red Cross society work was  international'and would thus meet a  wider field of practical sympathy and  co operation,    so   essential' at   this  affairs.    "It had been    only  that the examination  of   discovery,  held by the lawyers Lucas &   Lucas  (sons   of  Alexander Lucas) in connection with the prosecution against  the   Ministerial   Union, he and the  other parlies examined had not volunteered   any   information,   which  had formed a good excuse for Messrs  Luca3   &   Lucas to  state that they,  the  members   of    the    Ministerial  Union, did hot have any  moral   responsibility for what  had appeared  in   the "Crisis," and   to   shift   the  bulk   of   the   charges against Mr.  no work to do in this, the   richest of  countries.     I appeal in the name of  the    women   and   children    whose  homes are empty of food and   comfort in this land of plenty.  I appeal  in the name o: all    who   have   beeu  robbed   and .stripped of   their hard  earned savings by swindling agents  and heartless speculators, and I  appeal in the name of your   children  and mine who are being  robbed   of  the future that belongs to them and  the heritage which   is theirs by  the  gift of God.    I appeal in   the   name  of   justice, righteousness, the  kingdom of God and in the name of God,  and demand that inquiry   be made,  that the birthright of our people   be  restored, that the facts   be  set forth  and that justice be meted out without fear or favor to  every   offender,  that  the reproach   of corruption be  for ever lifted from the fair name of  this province, and to you, people of  British Columbia, I. look for help to  which Mr. Cotsworth had held with  acres of timber had also been  alien-  the government as ehairman of the , ated from the peoples, no  less  than  mpire. Th������Y  local Chapter was givt.i an official  representation of two members on  the executive of the Red Cross work-  in Grand Forks.  All   the city   clergymen   were on  the platform and assured the   audience of their hearty and sympathetic,  co operation "in   this   commendable  work.    Father Pellitier of the   Roman Catholic   church, Rev. Charles  W. King of the Baptist church,Rev.  J.    D.    Hobden   of the   Methodir-t  church. Rev. P. C. Hayman   of  the  Anglican   church, and   ilev.  M. D.  McKee of Knox church,   each   we���������  called upon and responded heartily,  emphasizing the loud call from   our  brave boys and pqually   brave   Red  Cross workers on the   firing   line, of  the tremendous sacrifice   they   were  making on behalf of each and every  one of us on the home   base, of  the  opportunity   to    be   given   by   the  new   organization   for   every   man,  woman and "child in   the   Boundary  district to have   his  practical   part,,  however small,  in   the relief of the  widespread suffering caused  by  the  present   war.    Mr.    Holland    also  spoke, pointing out some of the outstanding features of Red Cross work  as done by the home  auxiliaries  in  furnishing   material  supplies  from  their sewing rooms relief funds, and  other patriotic work under   the   direction of the organization.    Others  in the audience   spoke on the practical   working of   such an organization in ihe relief of suffering  both  on the Continent and   at  the  home  bases, after which nominations wen;  called for and the following   officers  and executive committee were unani -  motisly appointed.    An efficient or-  been averted, hearty endorsation   of   an  audience  The speaker brought up many, already roused to indignation and a j chestra rendered a number of exc-d-  civil service commission and his J 80 per cent of the timber of the'other matters needing investigation ' sens(i of '"justice, and when an in- lent and appropr ate selections, a.Id-  'various other capacities, which had province having gone into the hands j and correction during the evening, ! v'lU)n way offered to all ere they leftjjng to the pleasure of what proved  placed in Mr. Cotsworth's hands the  of- the speculotora.    The  extension  all   of   which   were supported by a i C'miUinml on I'mjc ���������'/.) (OmtlmirA on I'mjc ,V )  ' *'Vi  '.   ���������^ 1 jJ,j!iJ.������j������s:������SH/w*u39*4Vwiwww������������wa������:  I������lt**.1i W+^WuwMjoJwjrw  ffiHE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS.    B.C.  A GOOD CHEW IN A CLEAN WRAPPER.  10 CENTS PER PLUG  /  W. N. U. 1052  The Manufacture  of Shrapnel Shells  Weapon Invented in 1784 Has Been  Wonderfully Improved  SJmtjHicl possesses, 'greater mau-  kiliing power than aijy other kind of  Ammunition, used in modern field-artillery, and that is why more than 1,-  ' 000,000 a month are being used by the  European armies now in the field.  Thousands of shops and factories in  this country and in JOuorpe are working night and day to supply this demand. A superficial examination of a  shrapnel shell discloses little to indicate its destructive power���������it is simply a small steel shell attached to the  end of a brass cage, but when proper-  - ly adjusted and fired from a modern'  Held guu this steel shell becomes a  veritable demon of destruction. Within the brief period of 4% seconds it  has travelled over one mile'and 1&%  seconds later it is' nearly 2% miles  distant from the gun. At any- time  during this rapid flight it can be made  to explode with marvelous precision  and  deadly effectiveness.  Each shell has a time fuse that is  made with the accuracy of a watch.  This fuse is graduated in seconds and  is set to explode at a given range as  determined by the panoramic sight or  other form of range finder. As soon  as the gun is fired, the fuse is ignited automatically and when the explosion occurs in the base of the  shell itself, tlie forward 'end is blown  out and a shower of lead bullets hurled forward in conelike formation, the  shell acting as -ah aerial gun. The  velocity of -these bullets exceeds the  explosion by from 250 to 300 feet per  second, and they cover a zone about  i>0 yards wide and 250 yards long.  The first shrapnel shell (invented  in 1784 by Lieutenant Shrapnel) was  'merely "a cast iroi. ball: filled with  bulle.ts and powder, which was exploded by a crude fuse screwed into  the shell. This type was unsatisfactory because bullets flew in all directions when the shell exploded; later  this defect was partially overcome by  inserting .a sheet-iron diaphragm,  which separated the bullets from the  bursting charge. Modern shrapnel is  >,-similar, in p'rin-ciple to its early predecessor, but is a marvel of mechanical  ingenuity.  The shrapnel shells used by different governments at the present time  operate   on   the    same principle, but  differ somewhat as to'Size and in the  arrangement of the tuse.    A'complete  shrapnel comprises a brass case containing a heavy charge of smokeless  powder, for. propelling the projectile,  a hollow steel shell, containing a large  number of lead bullets and a bursting  charge, and the combination time and  percussion    fuse    which   forms    the  point of the shell.    The sudden motion of the shell at (he time of firing  causes a small plunger in the end of  the fuse to fly back and strike a cap  which ignites the fuse.    This fuse is  composed of a slow-burning composir  tion  that  is   pressed    into    annular  grooves.    One of these.grooves is.in  a. stationary ring and the other in a  graduated movable~ring.    By turning  the. graduated ring, the length of this  fuse is varied so that the shell may  be   exploded   at  any  time   within   a  period of about 21 seconds..   During  this brief period a three-inch.American shrapnel .will travel  6.500 yards,  or nearly.-1% miles.  The French fuse differs from the  movable ring type-used in other  countries in this respect. The slow  burning composition is contained in  a tube, wound spirally around the fuse  head. The fuse is set by piercing a  hole through this spiral tube, so that  ^connection is made with the interior  of the fuse body. When the gun is  fired and the primer or cap in the  fuse head is exploded, a flame passes  out through the pierced hole and ignites the "rope" powder fuse. The  effective length of the fuse depends  upon the position of the pierced hole,  which is mads by a special machine  attached to the gun, the hole being  located with reference to suitable  graduations. Most fus*es are so arranged that the shell will be exploded by concussion if- it should strike  .before the ring of powder burns  around to the exploding charge. This  is effected by a secondary plunger in  the fuse head which flies forward  when the shell strikes and fires the  bursting   charge   instantaneously..  Shells of the three-inch size contain  from 210 to 360 lead bullets about half  an inch in diameter, which are embedded in a resinous mixture. This  matrix, as it is called, serves two purposes. It holds the bullets in position, and also acts as a tracer to indicate, by a cloud of smoke the point  ar. which the shell explodes- This  smoke cloud is important, especially  at long ranges, and when adverse atmospheric condition's exist.  The development of a shrapnel  shell represents a vast amount of experimenting and study, but the shell  itself is not. comparable with the wonderful processes and tools which are  employed in its manufacture. The interesting phases of, shrapnel manufacture are the formation of the brass  case, the forging of the steel shell  and the finishing of the various shell  and fuse parts "to the degree of accuracy required. Tlie production of  a brass case 11% inches long, ,', 3-5  Inches in diameter (the British 18-  pounder)  requires 17 different opera  tions. It is formed from a fiat circular blank 6'/4 inches in diameter and  % of an inch thick. This is first  drawn into'a shallow cup shape, and  is then gradually elongated by being  rorced through steel dies which are  progressing smaller in diameter.  These drawing operations are so controlled that only' the sides of the case  are' made thinner, the bottom retaining practically the original������������thickncss  to insure the necessary strength.' Af-~  ter a smooth seamless case is draw .  by the method.referred to, the bottom  is turned tme and a central hole bored' out and threaded to receive the  primer or cap for "exploding the propelling charge. As these brass cases  as well as those for other kinds of  ammunition, contain about 65 per  cent, of copper, the importance of this  metal in modern warfare is,apparent-  This explains why the cost of copper  has increased- over 200 per cent, in  Germany since (he beginning of the  war.  United States, but have no idea of  all the detailed, annoyance which from  that and similar cause's is thrown  upon every embassy, legation and  consular  office  abroad.  A Western Poet  R. J. C.  Neutvals Suffer by the War  Smuggling a  Big   Business as Carried  on in Europe  The Germans are generally disliked  in all the- Scandinavian countries, in  Holland and Italy, but the enormous  prices they are wilims to pay for the  articles they want appeal to the cupidity of the people of the neutral countries, so that smuggling is now carried out oma big scale.  '  A correspondent who has travelled  widely since the outbreak of the war  writes entertainingly of the hardships  and burdens, the profits and the wfies  of the" smugglers in neutral-countries  who have been getting goods across  the  frontiers  into'Germany.  Some of these^neutrals are growing  fat .on the profits of their commerce  with the belligerents, and at the  hotels in frontier towns German and  British agents, .who have no use for  the neutral except to buy goods from  them, eye each other with suspicion-  "Any grain which can be got over  the Italian -frontier is worth nearly  three times as much as the Italian  farmer has ever dreamed of getting  for his crop." The temptations of  smuggling, therefore, are large, and  neutral governments are confronted  with greater difficulties than we are  inclined to give them credit for in enforcing regulations against the exportation of particular goods.  One may bear in Holland stories  from husiness men of what sound like  fabulous prices offered for foodstuffs,  metals,' petrol and rubber delivered  across the frontier; and the same is  true in Italy.  Women have been caught crossing  the Dutch frontier with patrol in  specially .design*,.:, receptacles hidden  beneath their petticoats. The facts  were recently published of the discovery and confiscation of a quantity  of bacon, which was packed inside  fresh carcasses which had been cut  opsn and joined together again. Contraband of divers kinds has been  found hidden under layers of mangel-  wurzels in a railway truck. .'._-.'  "All neutral countries are suffering  in varying degrees'from the war if  only by the interruption of trade and  the higher prices of foodstuffs. In*  Sweden there is real hardship in some  parts of the country from the inability  to export timber. -On Holland the  burden is particularly heavy, with the  cost of maintaining the mobilized  army and'the expense of the Belgian  refugees.  "In all the countries the task of  government now is ticklish work.  Human nature is the same everywhere, and in one country as much as  in' another, peoples are growing restive under their burdens and critical  of the authorities.  A conspicuous -international incident, as was the case of the Dacia  or Whilelmina or the violation of the  air neutrality of. Holland by the German airships, attracts public attention, but we have little conception of  the. constant strain of a thousand  similar if less notorious yembarra-s-  ments which is upon every neutral  government.  We hear in the result something of  the   German  passport  frauds   in   the  'Baiting', Railways  Popular   Prejudice   Against "the   Railways   Results   in   Harm   to   the   '  Country  la the past,'Canada has learned  many lessons of'importance from tlie  experience of- her nearest neighbor,  the United States.- yvhile the Canadian people are always "disposed to act  with independence, they are not-shortsighted enough to reject what may be  learned with profit from another country very similar in natureno this one.  A few weeks ago,,. the Interstate  Commerce Commission of the United  States handed out a decision granting  to the railway companies in certain  ���������sections'the righ't to increase their  rates. A few years ago- any such de:  cisio'n would have aroused' a storm of  protest. The recent decision was accepted, generally, in' such good- part  as to suggest ..that the public is ..being educated in economic truth's.  President YVoodrow Wilson, who is !  one of the leading economists of his  day, sometimes hancis out' hints-lo  the public .along with his messages.  Oneof these he handed out'when he  first-mentioned the subject, of freight  rate-increases. He said .the prosperity of the country is. boilnd up' with  the prosperity' of the railways. He  suggested that the public, in hurting  (he railways'were hurting themselves  Justice for the, railways was justice  for the ^public also.' ���������*  - Big industries, like some big men,  are sometimes not in popular favor  with   the  ge'neral   public, ��������� They 'are  Better Times in Sight.  Stead, Who is Known as this  Poet  of the   Prairies  Western Canada'' has  every  reason  to   be- proud   of   Robert  ,).   C.   Si cad,  whose literaly pn/.'iuctions,    both  in  poetry ant1,  prose,  so    cleverly    and  faithfully,   reflec;   the   life     of     the !  prairies,  and which  Lave placed this |  western country of ours (.���������������   .-.. - .  .   \  acquaintance with'readers all over tho  world.    For a  nuu.her of years  Mr.  Stead  was  editor  of  the  Cartwright  Review and the Crystal City Courier,  and is at present engaged on the staff,  of the general publicity agent of the  Canadian Pacific Railway Department  of Natural Resources, Calgary. An interesting sketch of his life,  together  with a resume of his literary productions, appeare-! in a recent number of  the \Vestern Standard, from which the  following is an excerpt:  "In the year 1903 began the literary  history of this poet {nd author, when  a short poem known as the "Empire  Builders" was, published in the Canadian Magazine. This beautiful poem  dealt with such aspects of Canadian  development that it was.widely reprinted. Amongst others the'Literary  Digest,- of New York, gave it instantaneous recognition. Encouraged by  this, young Stead gave'himself to the j  compilation    of    a  volume   of verse i expected to give evidence of generos  ity to all and sundry; otherwise, they  are roundly condemned. They, lend  themselves to the critical uses of cartooning. Such has been the experience of the United States. But lh3  United States is'lea*ning^.what an expensive habit railway-baiting is, and  is quick to profit by the lesson. In  the last election, the remarkable  gains of the Republican party, once  shot and apparently killed because it  was believed to - be a friend of the  "big interests," has been interpreted  by all disinterested political experts  in the United States as sufficient evidence that the ' nagging of business  just because'nagging was popular and  not because .business was guilty of  sin, had begun to pall on the American public-  When  an  application   by   the  Canadian railway companies for permission to increase their freight rates is  before the board of railway commissioners, it is timely to point out that  the  great,.danger, both   the   railways  the public have to fear is popu-  prejudice   against    the railways,  such prejudice take form, and it  be extremely hard- for justice to  be ddne, with th? result that the ra.il-  ways will suffer and the country'.with  them.---Montreal  Evening News.  vhich was published, in book form in  1908, under the title "Empire Builders." The years of intimate experience with, the prairies, as expressed  in these verses, made them profound  in their appeal, made them fine and  true in their feeling and observation.  They were "born, not made," and they  carry intense conviction .with them.  The Montreal Standard ''was ��������� right  when it said: 'lines like these will live  and explain to those who never saw  the' country what life on the prairie  really meant. Such is the power of  divine poetry.' This book"was a considerable success; it passed through  four editions and was. favorably reviewed by over two hundred representative publications. The principal  elements which have won distinction  for it are, an ea - style, a strong patriotic appeal, a strong portrayal of  (hose subtle'inflneiues that peculiarly  belong to pioneer prairie life. This  was followed by "Praiiie Born" in  191.1, and also a collection of "his  poems under the title "Songs of the  Prairie." These had a large sale, and  the book Was taken up by publishers  on both sides of the- Atlantic/ Mr.  Stead has,done much in these prairie  poems to build up the true spirit of  the Canadian west- It is true there is  more in Canacl . than"-muscle and  Rocky Mountains and no one has contributed more than Mr." Stead to the  true national spirit of which the free,  open, and fruitful prairie is such a  convincing illustration. .  Mr. Stead has recently entered^ the  field of novel writers with a tale of  Western Canada entitled "The Bail  Jumper," which was published in  England in .Tune and in Canada iu September. .-'...-..,- The story is. well  worth reading; it is healthy, sound  and inspiring; a strong story of  human everyday life in -the west presented in a popular and attractive  way."  '-.   Painting the War  The latest and greatest war hardly  lends itself to. painting of the courtly  kind. The prolonged sojourn in the'  mud of trenches, the battering of invisible hosts by invisible hosts, give  opportunities enough _for .heroism, but  not heroism of the melodramatic kind  most congenial to royal salons," which  prefer war with the nimbus* of flashing steel, waving plumes and carefully-valeted soldiery. Quite naturally,  our more prosaic .age, better' endowed  mechanically, is wondering, whether  there.be not in the cinematograph a  better mode of recording ths war. One  need not,enter on the technical question whether . films can be devised  which will live for posterity. From  another side there arises the difficulty that the very lack of visibility and  tlie dramatic in modern warfare,  which.makes it stubborn material for  the painter, makes it material hardly  less stuoborn for the cinematograph..  ���������London NTews and Leader,  and  lav  Let  will  Dreadnought Cruisers  It is curious to remember,'after the  first evolution of the"^ Dreadnought  cruiser, "what a wave of scepticism  set in regarding this type of vessel.  They are called bastard hybrids, neither cruiser nor battleship; and there  was a strong disposition in some quarters to stop building them altogether.  The course of the present war���������the  battles of the Bight, of the Falkland  Islands, and of the North Sea���������is a  striking answer to these doubts. The  combination of immense gun power  with almost the very highest speed  has proved/one of the most effective  of all in practice. The Goeben's versatile career*shows.it, as-well'as our.  own ships' achievements; and it is  extremely fortunate that we" are now  so much-better provided with ships  of this type, than we should have been;  not long .since.���������Loi\doir Chronicle.  -It  yi\. was never a happy day for Sammy's . painstaking father when his  young"hopeful's school report arrived  at his Boston home? As for Sammy  himself���������well, he was a philosopher.  The awful day had come once lub'r*,  and--father, was in the. lowest depths  of misery. "Sammy, Sammy," he  groaned, "why is it that you are at  the bottom of your class again?"  "What    does    it    matter,    father,";  whether I am at the top or the bottom?" queried that wise youth. "Tliey  teach   the   same  at  both   ends,    you  know!"  '   "How  much  did  he  pay  for  grand  opera  tickets?"  "Five dollars apiece," replied  Cayenne.  "He must he fond  of music."  "Possibly.   And, en the other 1  ha  may  have  little  respect- for  dollars.'!  those  Mis-s  tand,  five  Mayor .Mitchell of Xew York at the  conference of mayors in Philadelphia,  i said:  "A city should'-'be conducted as  thriftily as a Scotch household. You  know, of course, tin kind of Scbtch  household I mean���������the kind wliPf}  the father, setting off on a fortnight's  business trip, says .n the hall: 'Goodbye, all, and, Kathleen, dinna forget to  mak' leetle Dugald tak' his glasses  aff when he's na looking at naeth-  ing.'"  Mr. Haymow���������Maw. this letter from  Hiram says hi scollege crew has taken  to the water.  Mrs. Haymow���������Thanks be for that!  I'm glad to see temperance is makm'  some, headway in them higher institutions.���������Buffalo Express.  In Self-Defense  Mrs. Crabshaw���������That woman next  door is going to the theatre tonight.  . Crabshaw���������Then I suppose we'll  have to go, too, for their dog will be  barking the whole evening.   .,  Trade Commissioner-Says Canada Haa  Seen the Worst  Addressing the London chamber of  commerce on.trade with'the Dominion.  of Canada and'the Empire, Hamilton  Wiclcs, the trade - commissioner, expressed the 0] inion that Canada .knew  the worst .and was now moving forward to better things. He expected  the harvest of 19 L5 would do a great  deal to relieve the situation, but the  relief would not be fully realized until  1916, hence tlie, watchword for the  immediate future should be "one of  caution. . '      s  . <  In comparing business methods  Mr. Wickes said the average Britisher was neither inquisitive nor acquisitive as regards'available informa-  ation, and while intensely-self-reliant  in some" directions he'was strarigley-  diffident to his power's in others. As  a manufacturer, the Britisher was  without a peer; as a. salesman he was  without a knowledge of the, markets-  or the scieiice o'f-selling as compared  with his -foreign neighbors. After explaining" certain difficulties in.connection with Canadian trade,**Mr. .Wlckea  offered general suggestions for improvement "of overseas trade/amongst  which we're the organization of an'intelligence department on a big scale  and the registration of firms',' also belter co-operation between banker and  manufacturers.  A   declaration   against   the enticement    at the present time of,skilled  .laborers to emigrate, .which".-was to-  the detriment of home industries, was'  applauded.  HAIR CM OUT IN  Little   Hills   of   Dandruff'  Badly on Child's Scalp.  .'Itched  Would  .Burn, Itch and Smart.   Cuticura  Soap and.Ointment'Healed.  'Glen Sutton, Que.���������".My Slaughter'*  scalp was affected. It would come la  bunches on lop of her head as bfg.as tha  end of my  finger. The  eruption was  like little kills  of "dandruff  ���������which. Itched  very badly;  she -would  scratch till her  ucalp would  bleed. Thou it would hum and smart. Hei  hair would bo all fastened together, with n  white powder-Iiko substance. Her hair did  not grow -well and was very thin. It cams  out in great combfnls every- time aha  combed It.: .  "1 put on tho Cuticura Ointment at night  and in tho morning, -would wash it with  warrii water and Cuticura Soap. She Is  completely cured. *  _ "My second daughter -was troubled with  a breaking out on her baric. When she  would get heated up It would prick just  like pins. I used- Cuticura Ointment on, her  back, then washed it In the morning with  the Cuticura . Soap, and; they cured - It."  (Signed) Mrs. A. II. Aikou, July 11,191-i.  Samples Free by Mail  Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold throughout Hie world. :.l<'or-liberal free sample of  each, with :,:j-p. Book, send post-card to  "Cuticura. Dept. D. Boston, U. fS.'jL". "  GLOVES   AND MITTS  Union Made  KIT, QUALITY and WORKMANSHIP.  OUR   MOTTO  Samples sent your dealer on request.  R. G. LONG & CO.. LLMITJOD, Toronto  Wit of  policeman  by  the  the Force  The policeman    had a gambler  the  arm    and  was   waiting'  for  patrol wagon to arrive.  "What are you doing?'' asked a  friend of the officer who happened t������  bs passing. ,  "I am holding a card party," replied the cop.  Mark Twain was once standing  in a crowded street car, hanging to  a strap.. As the car swung round  a corner the strap broke, landing him  in the lap of a well dressed woman.  The humorist rose and bowed.  "Madam," said'he, '-'this is the first  time the street car company ever  conferred a favor on me."  ������  L������  SEE   THE   COCKSHUTT DEALER   AT  ONCE.  IT MEANS  ALL KINDS OF WEEDS  BIGGER CROPS ,THE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  ���������."���������om/Starch���������  In the famous  Yellow Package  Don't ask mere-  lyfor'corn starch*  or even for 'the  best starch', but  insist on   '  BENSON'S  ���������the  'Quality Starch',  with a reputation  gained by half a  -century's experience.  AT AL-l. GROCERS  '    53  Modern Farms  K. * ,75siYEARP  OF  PROGRESS  ,s     .    The Old  Reliable  ���������< ��������� .  Established ,840!  /���������"The -World's. Fastest Weekly  'JMail ;Snd Passenger Ocean Service.  s ' Reduction Second Cabin Rates  Wa .   ALL1- STEAMERS  i'vOV;'INCLUDING LUSITANIA-,v  ���������'    The  largest,  fastest -and 'finest  steamer now in service.  -.'  Prepaid passages arranged.  Ap-  'ply to any R.R. or S.S.'Agent, or  I   THE CUNARD STEAMSHIP CO.,   :  ;304 MAIN STREET       WINNIPEG  91-300 CARLOADS  Seed and Table Potatoes [  200 CARLOADS  BALED  HAY  "Prompt      Deliver}'���������Reasonable  Prices.    We    finance Government  and- Municipal Relief Orders.  Wire, Phone or Write to  Wilton Produce Co'.*  602   Confederation  Life  Bldg.,  WINNIPEG:  THERAPIOfoS-  VHE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Not No2. DA  Us:d iu French  -Hospital] with  jreat success, cukes chronic weakness. r.os'T VIGO*  ft VI11. KIDNEY. ULAOI>Ell. DISEASES. BLOOD POISOH.  7ILES. EITHER NO. DStUOGlSTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CTS  70UQE^\C0. 9.1. BEEKSIAN ST. NEW VOKKor LYMAN BitnB  r'oRONTO.   WRITE FOIt FREE BOOK TO DRt LE CLERC  Med.co.iiaversiuckKd. Hamhstead. London Hnq.  trv new dhaijeel tasteless) pormoj  easy to tam  THERAPION E3?.H5Deo������  |tl THAT TRADE MARKED WORD '1HKRAPION ' IS OK  MIT. OOVLSTAUP AFFIXED TO ALL GKNUlMK FACKBT*.  Tumors,I.upus cured without knife  ������f. pain. All work guaranteed. S&^bwk'  "��������� nit.  WILLIAMS. Snc-Iullet on Cancer)  905 Ur.i/en������lty Ave. S. K. Minneapolis,Minn.-  a������  Have You Seen Our  *     \  4TEST MATCH?  '"������  Ask For  Look for the   Buffalo  on  the  Box  THE E. B. EDDY CO.,  LIMITED,  Hull,   -   Canada  Benefits to'be Derived.From Demonstration Farms - ���������  , Mr. cahill of Saskatoon, speaking to  a morning paper, says the farmers of  Saskatchewan know more about legislation, than the members of parliament-do. Whether correct or-not,  that is a very common opinion among  those farmers. Mr. .Cahill, however,  doe's not, like some of them, resent efforts'on the part of government to  spread agricultural knowledge'. On  the contrary, he says'either the'I'ecl-  ,'eral or the provincial - government  should have a model farm every thirty miles, run by trained-men 'from the  agricultural college's- '"He takes it for  granted that this could-be dons without vco'st to the country. IC'i'arming  can he made to pay, surely model  farming should , pay. better. That  SQivnds elementary; and'yet'it is wonderful how seldom government things  do pay. 'Even if the usual leaks and  incompetencies of government'service  such as. political appointments and  political purchasing at the instance of  local 'political' bosses, were entirely  eliminated, it might be wise to dp  some thing's on a model farm that  would not pay. experiments and demonstrations take more in labor than  they return in-cash. The farm might  perhaps be used to some extent as a  place of useful service for prisoners  on parole, :aud these might <perhaps  need more coaching than their' work  w'cmld pay.'for," thbug'h on the other  hand it would relieve'the government  of their.keep in prison. It has heen  found in practice that- prisoners so.  treated do not 'need 'much watching.  There must be enough of truth, in Mr.  Cahill's calculation to command respect", for so sensible a proposal. The  farms would need at any rate to show  profitable culture in a way to convince  onlookers. It is said that, wherever  there,is a model farm in the States  its'influence is visible on agricultural  productiveness and prosperity for a  day's journey round it. Rightly worked', could any proposal -be more promising for the good of the country than  such a systematic inoculation of the  soil with-the knowledge microbe?���������  Montreal Witness-       - \  Extending Cultivation  Britain's Mosquito Fleet  A Good Medicine  For the Spring  Do Not Use Harsh Purgatives���������A Tonic  is   All  You Need  " Not exactly sick���������but not .feeling  quite well. That is the way most people feel in the spring. Easily tired,  appetite iiickle, sometimes headaches,  and ..a feoling .of depression. Pimples  or eruptions may appear on. the skin,  or'there may be twinges of rheuma  tism or neuralgia. Any of these indicate that the blood-is out of order-  that the indoor life of winter has left  its' mark upon you and may easily, develop into more serious trouble.  Do not dose yourself with purgatives, as so many" people do, in the  hope that you can put your blood  right. Purgatives gallop; through the  system and weaken instead of giving  strength. ��������� Any doctor will tell you  this is true. What you need in spring  is a tonic that will make new blood  and build up the nerves. Dr.. Williams'  Pink Pills is the only medicine that  can do this speedily, safely and surely. Every dose" of this medicine  makes new blood which clears the  skin, : strengthens i the ..appetite, and  makes tired, depressed I men;; women  ano/children bright, active and strong.  Mrs.-: S.E."Stephens, Ponoka, Alta.,  savs: "I suffered severely, from headaches and was badly run down in  healtlu I had tried several remedies  with no benefit, until I was advised to  try , Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and I  can recommend theni with confidence  to all weak women." ���������  Sold by all medicine dealers 'or by  mail at 50 cents a box or six boxes for  ?2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock'ville, Ont.  ������j0    ;���������    Cure      .    -  Guaranteed  Never known to fall:  acts without pain in  2-1 hours. Is soothing,  healing; takes the  sting right.out. No remedy sc quick,  safe and sure as Putnam's Painless  Corn Extractor. Sold everywhere���������25c  per bottle.,  !o.-..  More  Corns  Sweet Young Thing���������Life is a  vrrand, sweet song.  Crusty Bachplor���������But some of us  have blamed poor voices.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by expo-  eureto Sun, Duslaryl Wind  quickly relieved by Marine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. A*  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  ialvcinTubes25c. ForBookoflheEyeFreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago  W. N. U. 1052  Wayside Jottings  . It is well enough to growcrops. If  when we come to sell'the stutf, however, we allow the other fellow to  trim us. where is the advantage iu  producing more. ���������  In New- Brunswick farmers are  selling their potatoes at thirty-live  cents a barrel. In Montreal tiie coiu  sumei'3 are paying their grocers one  dollar and eighty cents a barrel. In  other words, tlie IMontreal consumer  is paying live times what the New  Brunswick producer receives. Can  such a spread in price- be justified?  There is a world of .difference between living and making, a. living.  Many make a splendid living but really never live. They get their viewpoint distorted. They come, to regard  the making of a living as the first object of living. Those who get the  most true'joy out of life are those  who regard the accumulation of material necessities as of importance only  in so .far as it enables them to enjoy  life.���������Farm and Dairy.  One of the commonest complaints  -of infants is worms; and the most effective application for them is Mother  Graves'/ Worm  Exterminator.  "I see yer spring-cleaning, ��������� Mrs.  Samson."  "Just that, Mrs. McFherson. There's  naethin' like gien things a turn aboot  at times. Losh! dae ye ken, I've just  come Hcrcss a pair o' slippers under  the bed 1 hivna seen' for twenty  years!"   -    . ,  "Do you suppose we shall ever have  universal peace?"  "Hardly. I fancy marriage will  never be entirely abolished."  Important Part Played by Trawlers in  Naval Warfare  -Steam trawlers play an important  but little-known part in the present  war.       ��������� ~<  \  Thousands of these fishing vessels  are now engaged, in mine sweeping,'  in protecting battleships from hostile  submarines, and in military operations against the Germans in the .shallows of the Belgian coast. After the  German raid ' on Scarborough and  other English east coast towns in December, steam .trawlers, picked .up no  less than 3 ,G00 floating mines in a  week. The -work- is dangerous, for,  many of the German mines, with their  bristling contact points, explode in the  nets.  Nothing affords such protection  against submarines as a cordon of  -trawlers round a fleet. The submarines must come clcse to be effective,  and on, rising to the surface to use  the periscope, they are easily detected by the trawlers. There is also the  chance that they will get in a shot  at what the navy calls 'tin whales.' ���������  A large fleet of trawlers will soon  take part in the Belgian coast operations, and some ��������� already are there.  They carry oho gun forward, another aft,, and-two abeam.  The' weapons "are quick-firers of  comparatively small calibre, but the  boats, sailing- in close under the lee  of the sand dunes and increasing the  general volume of fire, help to prevent enemy guns from taking a- base  along the shore, and making a direct  target of the big monitors and cruisers.  Keep' Minard's Liniment in the  hous_e.  One day a tall, gaunt woman, with  rope colored hair and an expression of  great fierceness, strode into the office  of a county clerk in West Virginia.  "You, sir, are the person that keeps  the marriage books,, ain't ye?" she  demanded. "       -        .���������'������������������������;  "What book do you wish to see,,  madam?" asked the polite clerk.  "Kin you find out if Jim Jones was  married?"  Search of the records disclosed the  name of James Jones, for whose, marriage a license had been issued two  years before.  "Married Elizabeth Mott, didn't  he?" asked.the woman.  "The license was issued for a marriage ''.'with Miss Elizabeth Mott."  "Well, young man, I'm Elisabeth. T  thought I oughter come in an' tell ye  that Jim i.as escapeu!"  Lady. Visitor-T-That's a badly wounded soldieis-what are you goingto do  with him? ..-.":"���������   ���������  ���������  Orderly���������Oh, 'e's goin' back again  to  the  front.  Lady Visitor���������Good-heavens���������whatever for?    - '���������-������������������ ;���������"���������"������������������'  Orderly���������'E thinks ^'e knows who  dotfe it-���������London Opinion.  "Dad, what do they call a man who  eats only vegetables?",  "A vegetarian, son."  "And one who eats people?"  "A humanitarian.    Now  run  along_  and play." '  Careful Doctor  Prescribed Change of Food Instead of  Drugs  It takes considerable courage for a  doctor to deliberately prescribe only  food for a despairing patient, instead  of resorting to the usual list of medicines. '  Some truly scientific physicians recognize and treat conditions as they are  and should be treated. Here's an instance:  "Four years ago I was taken with  severe gastritis and nothing would  stay on my stomach, so that I was on  the verge of starvation.  "I heard of a doctor who had a summer cottage near me���������-a specialist���������-  and, as a last hope, sent for him.  "After he examined me carefully  he advised me to try a small quantity  of Grape-Nuts at first, then as. my  stomach became stronger to eat more.  "I kept at it and gradually began to  have color in my face, memory became clear, where" before everything  seemed a blank. My limbs got stronger and I could walk. So I steadily recovered. .**  "Now, after a year on GraperNut3 1  weigh' 15!5 lbs. My people were surprised at the way I grew-fleshy and  strong on this food."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont. Read, "The Road  to Wellvllle," in pkgs. "There's a  Reason."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest.  Possibilities of the Canadian West as  a  Grain   Producer  Having unlimited faith in our province and the sister provinces of this  great norenwest, we are rather too  ready lo proclaim that we are the  granary of the empire- As a matter  of fact we are only a spout, though, if  we understood our Irue interests we  may become a vei y much larger one.  Great Britain imports about 230,000,-  000 bushels of wheat each year, i:i  addition lo the 70,000,000 bushels she  raises. Of this quantity Canada contributes a little less than does the  Argentine, and a little more than cither Australasia or the United States,  about two-thirds as much .as Russia  and not.much more than half what India ships to the British consumer.  Yet there are hundreds of thousands  of good acres of, land as yet untitled  in the northwest, and there is no reason why they should not supply, a  very much greater percentage of England's wheat supply than now during  the present' year, and probably, for  several successive years Canadian  farmers are sure of good, perhaps  high prices, for all the- grain they  have to sell.  These facts are evidently recognized by many young men, as the number of homesteads taken up this season is largely in excess of those taken  up last year. It is probable that many  will take the present opportunity of  advancing their fortunes by leaving  the city, where the struggle has been  over hard, and turning to a pursuit  that can never be overdone, and  which never refuses a decent living  to a vigorous man���������Winnipeg Telegram.  ^^ A STANLEY JONES'  T ia-aoiii imull rKmhine ndtf.u.    R II. P  LNGINK. 25 INCH  / SEPARATOR, aa.rrRLrkS. fc>:i)?9     Fincht [U.J jourwatwi  1CBT VALUII   ANYWHIM   *MTr m* nib<TK*rM> crow isd t.mz imm-  A. Stanley Jonoa.i^  *3i*.* rcn tin.*rem i  l������lt  Ht-MTMi  Fronooeur Bros.,  Miller's Worm Powders never fail.  They immediately attack the worms  and expel them from the system. They  are complete'in themselves, not only  as a worm destroyer, but as a highly  beneficial medicine for children, correcting weak digestion and restoring  the debilitated system to healthful-  ness. without which the growth of the  child will be retarded and its constitution weakened.  MOTHERS !  Don't  foil   to  procure  MRS. WINSIOW'S SOOTHING SYRU?  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  IL snotlica (ho Child, Softens Hie Gums,  Allays Hie Psiin, Dispols AVInd Colic, and  i.s  iiio  Best  nemedy  for  Infantile  Diarrhoea.  TWENTY-FIVE -CENTS A BOTTLE  Laiia.'uuijgM^-jaaawtrae.gwiw.tthai ummaacen  Getting Monotonous  Little John was full of mischief and  during his first year at school hardly  a day passed that he was not sent to  starid in the corner.  When the -school house burned  down and a new one was immediately begun, the little boy went to his  father, who was county superintendent.  "Don't you think we could, get the  carpenter to build a round school-  house   this   time,  father?"  he  said.  "Why, son?" his father asked, in  astonishment  "Because," the little fellow answered, "I'm getting tired of corners."-  HORSE-POWER  Your horse can '  pullbigg-erloads  if   you   grease  your  wagons  with  CA  AXLE GREASE  It is the Mica  that does it���������^  makes a smooth  bearing surface,}  perfectly lubricated, on which  the wheel revolves without  friction.  S10O REWA'RD, $.00  The readers of this paper will b������  pleased to learn that there Is at least  one dreaded disease that science haa  been able to cure in all Its stages and  that Is Catarrh. Hall's Catarrh Cure fa  the only positive euro now known to  the medical fraternity. C.Uarrh being a  constitutional disease, requires a constitutional treatment. Hall's Catarrh Cure  is taken Internally, acting directly upon  the blood ard mucous surfaces of the  system, thereby destroying the foundation of the disease and giving the pat-  lent strength by building up the constitution and assisting nature- In doing Its  worlt. The proprietors have so much  faith In Its curative powers that they  offer One Hundred Dollars for any case  that It falls to cure. Send for list of tc������-  timonlals.  Address F. 3. CHENEY A; CO.. To-  ������d,0' 9v V,?0'3,, by aI1 druggists, 76e.  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  Dealers Everytvhert  The  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  Canada  J*irst  Manager��������� I   see  you  have   a  new leading woman.  .Did the other-  one take sick?  Second Manager���������Xo, but she didn'1-  take well.  Ask for Minard's and take no other-  She���������Would  you  leave  your  home  for me?  ���������  i[e���������I'd leave a baseball game in tho  ninth inning when tho score was a tie.  War's Effect on Farming  Farming was looking up' before the  war, but that great.event has done  far more than merely accelerate the  previous movement. It- has brought  within the comprehension of town  folks, to whom the land question was  interesting mainly as an occasion for.  attacking dukes, the national importance of increasing " our homegrown  supply of food- Thw.impression would  be far greater if the circumstances  were better understood. The navy has  screened us 30 well from danger that  wo are only faintly aware of a pack  of wolves on the other side. But the  idea of the German submarine "blockade" has had some educational value.  ���������London Times. x  Minard's   Liniment   used   by   Physicians.  Finds Help in Lydia E. Pink-  ham's  Vegetable  V Compound.  Canada's Commercial Schools  Canada is finding her rural school  fairs profitable for advancing knowledge of agriculture among children of  school age. These fairs were started  as an innovation less than a decade  ago* but in 191-1 there were 148 of  them held in Ontario, covering practically all the rural schools of the  province. Pupils entered in these  fairs numbered 75,000, s. nd in the  competitions 23,000 plot", of groui.d  were worked by the children. It is  said the influence is materially bene  (icial in increasing interest in farm  work���������Buffalo  Commercial.  Your Asthma, Too.���������The efficacy of  Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy is  not something that is, merely to he  hoped for; it is to he expected. It  never 'fails to bring relief, and in your  own Individual case it will do the  same. So universal has been the success of this far-famed cure that every  one afflicted with this disease owes it  to himself to try It.  Her Ruling Passion  "She  intended   to  refuse   him,   hut  she is such a lover of bargains that  she could not."  "I-Iow was that?"  "He looked so cheap when she turned hint down that she snapped him  up."    '  Cape Wolfe, Canada.���������" Last March 1  was a complete wreck. I had given up  all hope of getting- better or living any  length of time, as I was such a sufferer  from female troubles. But I. took Lydia  E. Pinkh'am's Vegetable Compound, and  today I am in good health and have a  pair of twin boys two months old and  growing finely. I surprised doctors and  neighbors for they all know what a  wreck I was.  "Nowl am healthy, happy and hearty,  and owe it all to Lydia E. Pinkham'a  remedies. You may publish this letter  if you like. I think if more women  used your remedies they would have  better health."���������������������������Mrs. J. T. Cook, Lot  No. 7, Cape Wolfe, P.E.I., Canada.  Because your case is a difficul t one, and  doctors having done you no good, do not  continue to suffer without giving Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound a  trial. It surely has remedied- many  cases of female ills, such as inflammation, ulceration, displacements, tumor3,  irregularities, periodic pains, backache,  and it may be exactly what you need.  The Pinkham record is a proud and  peerless one. It is  a record of constant  victory over the ob-  Btinateillsof women  ���������Ills that deal out  despair. It is an established fact that  Lydia E. Pinkham's  VegetablcCompound  has restored health  to thousands of such suffering women.  Why don't you try it if you no������<l such a  medicine ? THE   SUN,    iRAND, FORKS,   B.C.  ������1jp (Srattft Jfarka #tm  G. A. evansI Editor and Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION RAIBB i  One Year  .'.i '.'. .'...$1.50  One Xear (In advance)  1.00  One Year, in United States  J..S0  Address all communications to  Ths Ghand Foiiks Sun.  1'honb R74 Gkand joints. B:C  FRIDAY, JUNE 25,' 1915  The auxiliary of the Red Cross society organized in Grand Forks this  week will appeal in a practical way  to the citizens in its efforts to ameliorate the hardships and sufferings  of soldiers at the front. The efforts to  forward the aims of this great or  ganization is a praiseworthy one,  and will meet, we are sure, with a  ganerous response- from the people  of this community.  cartoonist,  future.   '  Watch for his- work  ,n': Wedding -' Presents  Let' us help you pick that"'  Present you are going -to'  give.    We have a beautiful line of   /  '. Conservatives everywhere profess  to be horror-stricken at the, nature of.  the political revelations in Manitoba  Yet   the  conditions in   the prairie  province   were.not   a   whit   worse CutGlaSS,SilVerWare  than the circumstances surrounding ''        ~* '      ~ """      '"  the'-war contracts at Ottawa, nor the  known facts relating to the conduct  of affairs in British Columbia. The  Tory macLine in Manitoba was but  "a cog in the wheel of the bigger machine that 'is in operation here, in  Ottawa and in l<rederioton, N. B.���������  Victoria Times.  ADDRESS ON THl  CRtSIS IN B. C.  and - Mantle;;Clocks  At priced that. have -not' ,''���������  been ; advanced .since the  war. ,-.,���������''     "   "  A, D. MORRISON i%^i^k%%N  ��������� (Concluded from Page i.)  the building to sign a petition to  JPremier Borden to appoint a royal  commission, to enquire into the  An effort is being made by'the' charges made by the Ministerial  Tory prey* of the province to make' Union of the Lower Mainland in its  the public believe that the Minis j pamphlet, ."The Crisis in B C.,"_a  t-^rial Union is a partisan organiza-regular rush ensued for the plalform,  tion. -This is not the case.'. There I until it seemeds thnt every one prepare as many Conservatives "as there ent* must have" signed one of the  are Liberals among the member-"it, copies of the petiti n which were  The 'union   is  com-, laid  along  the  edge  of the   stage.  organization.  posed   of   the   cle-gymen of a 1 the  Protestant denominations, as well as  the" Catholic  priests, of the Lower  [\ Mainland,    and   it  is engaged in  a  light against graft and corruption.  - If the corruption happens to be in  the party in power, it must take the  consequenees of the storm of indignation raised by its transgressions  Copies of the petition were loft" with  all of the local ministers, and any  one who wishes to sign it can do so  by calling on them. -  - Priop to the closing of the meeting a collection was taken to help  defray the travelling expense of Mr.  Cooke, who, as already stated,' is  backed-by no support Itpyond' that  of the Ministerial Union,-a distinct  Why-this loud cry from,   the gov  ' |y rion party -association,  ernment's  subsidized   press'against  ministers taking part in   the. affairs  of the country? They are intelli  gent, law abiding citizens, capable  of distinguishing between right and  wrong, and have'the welfare of the  country at heart. Does the Mc  Bride gov< rnment desire to put the; e  worthy citizens on the same plane  as the Indians.  We know that members of  the McBride government have  been guilty of making numerous  false and misleading reports. Not  a single statement contained in  "The Crisis in B. C." has yet been  disproved.  The Sun is the only country���������w  intended to say city���������paper in the  province   that   maintains   its    own  Mrs C. H. Niles and daughter Rita  left yesterday for the east   .    ���������  '  Mrs. R  L  Hodgson and   son    left  today for Vancouver.  Twenty five    Austrians    and   GeJ  mans   have    registered   with the pro-  viucial    police   in   this city up to the  present time.  W. T. Cook and H C. Jones will  leave for Vernon on the 3rd prox.  They'vv]' enlist in the 54th battalion.  ^ The depot of the' recently organized  branch of the Red Cross society, in  the opera hou^e block, is being put in  proper condition for opening'the first  of next week.  There will be two .meetings tonight.  The executive of the Red Cross society will meet ot headquarters, and  the Fish and Game ' Protective association in the board of trade rooms.  THE  GRAND FORKS FEED  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Planter  Seed  Grain  and  Garden Seed  Bridge Street Grand ^orts, B. C,  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid'for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  iners ana rrospectors  When doing that work in Franklin and  Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet jom Supplies at the  '  Gloucester General Store A full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  The tlection Plot  Sir Robert Borden stigmatizes Mr.  Lemietix's statement that the gov  erno general vetoed the-proposal to  hold an election Inst fall.as "an unqualified falsehood." The. governor  general did'not technically veto the  conspiracy which Mr. Rogers promoted last September and October,  but it'is known that he strongly disapproved of it, and his disapproval,  supported, by protests- from the  country,' killed the plot. No one  brought up in the school which his  royal highness has'adorned so, long  coil Id (to anything else.  Mr. Lemieux said, also, that the  recent attempt to exploit the war for  political purposes had been vetoed  by the news from Flanders. " VV'eob  serve that Sir Robert did not brand  that 'statement as an "unqualified  .falsehood." He could not, for the  simple reason that it was'true Mr.  Rogers actually had opened a cam  paigti with a speech in Montreal,the  partj\press announced the 'probable  date ol the election and ballots were  shipped to London for campaign  purposes'in the trenches if conditions permitted such a disgusting  proceeding. Then came the * news  of the battle of Ypres and the storm  of protests which reached Ottawa put  a quietus'on the nefarious scheme  for the time being.  But Sir Robert. Borden has not  given an assurance-that he will not  divide Canada into two hostile political camps while the critical stages  of the war are in progress. Presses  in Toronto have been grinding out  unsightly posters stating that "Borden Bicksj Britain," but eliminating all reference to bandages, defective binoculars and rotten boots.  MrXLemieux would have been more  correct in saying that the disapproval of the governor general,  bickfd by protests from the decent  people of buth political parties in  Canada, had acted as aweto upon  the machinations of Mr. Rogers last  fall.' Let Sir Robert Borden stop  his political publicity bureeau and  recall the orders to the printers for  those glaring posters which are intended ��������� to deface, every available  billboard from the Atlantic to the  Pacific and political demonstrations  in Canada will cease. Mr. Asquith,  whose term has' expired, not only  gave the assurance that .there would:  be no election while the war was in  progress, but has taken distinguished  statesmen from the opposition into  his cabinet.  Butted Wrappers  Neatly printed with' special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also "uriprinted-wrappers. ^Our/prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front- and to insure  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office'department requests th*ot all  mail be addressed as follows:  Rank   Name-,  ���������.   Regimental number .' '  Company,squadron or other unit..  ^Battalion    Brigade .'.   First  (or second)  Canadian   con  .  ting^nt   British expeditionary force....-   / Army Post Office,   ,  London, England.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs ,and Good  Horses at All Hours at,  the  \  ������del Livery Barn  Barns S-O'Ray, Props.'.  Phone 68      . Second Street  Fish.is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with. '  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, .but the'pu!! is steady. It in -  creases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  The Sun only costs $1 a year,  prints all the news. '  \  It  White Wyandqttes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  'cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet,  1st and 2nd pen. '  At winter*show J   made four  on'tries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen,- 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are 82.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15. ' ^  White Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making   fise  entries, 2nd "cock; 1st,  ��������� 2nd   and   3rd hen,   1st   pen and  * silver cup.  I have one pen of these mated up  at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  EgesSl.OO for 12.  Grand   Forts Transfer  , PHONE 129 ;.", ~"  - Sole Agents for'  "..  /' >'.'.'���������������������������' <  Teaming of- All  Kinds."-  Bus and Baggage at All- '  -   1 rains. ��������� . .  :   ,  Mclntyre Q lWcInnis/ Proprietors  eo������  .E. M  lassie  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  The Sun, at Si.a year, is superior  to any, $2 a year* paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those-we already have.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  countr}', and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained,- merely on its merits as a  newspaper.*' It uses no indirect or  questionnble methods to secure sub-  sccribers.  The weekly market will be held  on Second strpet, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  ?Z< Gait Coa  *  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Telephonks;- '  offick, K(>6, First Strppt  Hansen's Residence.R381"'" ulICCI  W. F, ROBINSON  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIEJS STORE.  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description   ,  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. C.  Yale  Barber Shop  Kazor Honing a Specialty.  nartinflullen  AllKinds of Draying  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18 .  P.. A.  Z. > PARE,   Proprietor  Yale' Hotel, Fikst Street.  ' THE  LONDON DIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders throughout'.'the .world v to'  .communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS ifc'DEALERS  .���������'- .'���������'**���������'..���������'  in each class of {roods. Besides being' a .com-.  plete commercial guide to. London and Its :  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  ���������.'.   EXPORT MERCHANTS  withthe'Goods they ship, nhd the Coloninl  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they-sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centrcsof the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition  will  be forwarded, freight paid,  on receipt of Postal I  Order for $5. ,  Sealers seeking Agencies cau advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E,C.  0g% Pays for The  ."���������' Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary country  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand  Forks Sun. It.  gathers and prints  the   news  of the  city and district first/  *  7!  >   ���������* I  -I.  .1  '���������  I  t _  J  I  ' (1  >-���������  .  M  y  *><&  MjnJuimni.mmiiwiwmiHwm'Mwwwmu.ii  BH^umiywiMt^^iaiJminiMaBWTO i  V:  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  LIBERALPUTFORM  The following is the platform of trie  -Liberal party   of   British   Columbia,  ; which principles we .pledge  ourselves.  to bring into  operation^ when elected  to power: <  '���������: .. - -...-������������������,, . * .,   .  1���������Free  Lands  for   Settlers���������  None for Speculators. ,; (a) We ��������� .be  lieve that agricultural land,should be  disposed of. only on such conditions as J f ^ s^atchewan and.,. Alberta, the  will insure its continuous use   and oc-  struction.  (h) The prevention,of over-capitalization of railways.*"  (i) Aid t<i.railways not to .exceed  what is, reasonably necessary to secure  construction.  (j) Freight, passenger and' express  rates'and-telegraph .tolls of all government-aided roads to be ,under. the  jurisdiction rjfthe 'Dominion' railway  commission.  '. '(J*:.), "With a" view;  to   meeting-the  demand for the transportation of grain  cupation  (b) We will utilize as far as ract  cable the resources of the province in  developing and ��������� making . accessible  the -agricultural and other latent,  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary. ."'-'"*  (c) Free homesteads co actual set-'  .tiers. Holders of - pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision.  (d) "Advances to settlers ' on   easy  terms to assist in clearing,  dyking, ir  rigatibn and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all tsccessible' agri'  cultural land's to"be'rapidly completed  and 'survey sheets and,all necessary  information to be-made.easily -available to the public.   . -  (f) -Settlemeni en block, to . be ��������� dis  couraged by the   removal "of  reserves  .which scatter population ��������� and greatly  increase the cost-of roads,  schools and  other nacessary facilities.        ',���������    ,  (g) No public lands . for'the's'pecu  lator.     .  2���������Transportation (a) Co operation with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection betwoeii  the railway systems of Vancouvet-  island and the railway' systems of'the  mainland. -*      "'.���������.���������  ��������� (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled-by" trie government to  give direct communication by. the best  route as to grades-and distances be  bween. -the Similkameen .and other  interior points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the provin  cial credit to assist lines that will open  up new territory.  (d) We oppose provincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.  (e) Abolition of the system of giv-  fng away crown lands for townsites,  iree of taxation and--under railway  control. ''" ���������.'.- \ _������������������' ,.'������������������.'*" '      "  .  (f) All francises^for . the'construc-  .tion, operation, and ownership or leasing of government aided roads to be  open to. publicjjbm petition.-.' v~V-:'*-"  (g) The province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con-  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  .(I) The people to control the railways, and not the rail ways the people.  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators-which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the   govern  ment   before   alienation, and the dis-.  pos'al of all such lands by public competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand, loggers'" licenses to be  granted where conditions warrantl  (e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods. '    '  '4���������Public Protection "in -Respect  to Coal, (a) .Coal lands not to-be  alienated, but leased.under.conditions  to be fixed periodically by.the legislature    - 9  (b) Wherever,practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a .view to the protection of the consuming public.  " 5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative ' advisoiy " board in educa-'  tional matters, such as exists in all  other provinces. ' .  (b) The present school curriculum  is so' overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  ��������� (c) The increase of- manual and  agricultural training - Establishment  of an efficient system of technical  schools. -  (d)" The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted. x.  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  ,6���������Representation, (a) Personal  ���������'egistration^andregiflar periodical System of redistribution  (b) We  are  pledged   as a party to  Argument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things, off in  your favor. People read your  arguments,, reasons, conclu-.  siohs, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS: If you don't  already known our kind of  printing', lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  fishing in-  Phone R 74.  Sun Print Shop  iPOINTLD PARAGRAPHS  Lives of  great men oft  remind us  that   the   book agent  is  still on the  job".    *      ��������� -  ,    " - *  Occasionally a man has a soft place  in his heart, but more often in his  head.'       . " '-.\;'..������  ;.    When a man marries for money the  w,6man never gets hor money's worth.  Growling about today's, clouds  never makes the sun brighter tomorrow.  Often a woman's reason for doing  something is ihat she hasn't; an v.  Never fudge the age of women or  eggs by outward appearances.  Also the dental studeijfc takes les-j  sons in the nrt of drawing.  provide . for  the   equal   suffrage  women with men.  ,.' 7���������Taxation, (a) Exemption of  improvements on ' all lands paying  vta'xes to the provincial government, '  (b) A readjustment of' the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion'of the ��������� unearned increment.  ��������� '(c), Immediate, reform .of   the .present edstly, cumbersome and   inequita  ble'system' of   collecting school taxes"  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workmen's  Compensation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating   of  a   provincial department  of   labor and. free   government labor  bureaus.  ��������� i,b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all ^industrial premises to  insure health, sanitation- and   safety.  (c) The  complete   prohibition    of  child labor'>in factories and shops.'  (d) The establishment by the -gov-  ernmpnb of a-permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics. This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury,  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving em-'  ployers the benefit-of accident insurance at minimum cost. <-��������� "��������� ' :  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazard-'  ous employments. ' ���������'       .-  (f) The payment of/wages  at least  fortnightly..   ;,��������������������������� [  - \>"."*.���������"  .   (g) The-ininimunVwage^'/the'eight-  h'our   day    and; .six" day''week,on all  public and government-aided.->work.- "  9���������Oriental Immigration- '(a) We;  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the " total  exclusion of Orientals from the "province. ,    ������* ���������  (b) We .insist on enforcing strict,  sanitary regulations in congested districts. ^  10���������Extension of Municipal Powers, (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utili  ties, thedimitation of terms of fran-  chises to corporations, renewing the  same if in "the public interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local .Control 'of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  '���������-.(b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in. locally elected authorities  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts. ' We insist  on providing-for an   absolutely   independent   public   auditor general,   ap  pointed and   controlled  absolutely by  legislature.  .1.4���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore  the  dustry to white fishermen  (b) The protection of    British   Col  umbia fisheries from foreign ' poachers  by \ adequate   policing   of   Canadian  waters.  l;o���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalitiec, and  the.recovering by the government of  the; present alienated properties  16���������Torkews System of Registration of Titles. The present sys-  tenj'of land registration is expensive  arid-cumbersome and we pledge ourselyes to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  - 17���������Non-Partisan Civil Service.  The orgaiiizafion of the civil service  commission for both inside and outside service, so that "(he appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  More. Victories.. Are  ��������� Won by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  (^Apply    thiF  to  business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more reswtful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.   .  For an advertiser . with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that dourage which is supposed' to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  ��������� The Sun affords the merchant an excellent. medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the sur-  rounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  Tti< THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    E. C.  Pain In the Side, Chest, or Back  Aching Muscles Cured Quickly  Even Doctors Marvel at the  Penetrating -Power  of  .  Good Old "Nerviline"  Pains anywhere���������in-the chest, neck,  aide, back or muscles���������they are. always a discomfort.  If the inflammation is severe, .the  pain will be intense. If allowed .to  continue, complications will follow.  Physicians say one of the best remedies is "Nerviline"���������it can't help curing, because it penetrates through tlie  sore tissues, carrying healing proper-  tics that destroy every symptom of  pain.  In case of'colds, sore chest and pleurisy, there should be a good hand-nibbing withrNerviline, ami, of course, to  prevent the trouble coming back, it's  advisable to put on a Nerviline Porous  Plaster, which, by absorption through  the skin, draws out all congestion-  For general household use, for. curing the ailments of the young and old,  for destroying all pain, outward or inward, nothing can excell Nerviline;  thousands testify to this effect.  For nearly forty years Nerviline has  been a renowned and trusty remedy in  thousands of homes where practically  no medicine is needed. A   -  Nerviline'is safe to use. For children's coughs, colds and sore throat nothing can be used with more certain  results. ' . .  Get the large, 50 cent family size  bottle today. It .is more economical  than the 25 cent trial size, and is sure  to keep down the doctor's bill and  cure a host of minor ills that arise  in every household.  All dealers sell Nerviline, or'direct  from the Oatarrhozouc Co., Kingston,  Canada.  The Best Seed  Rifle Range in London Park  Coutts Employees^ Practice Firing  /Among Old Ledgers-  One of the quaintest of the new  rifle ranges with which London-has  been recently furnished is that situated in the top story of Coutts Bank, in  the Strand. A long room devoted to  the storage of the ledgers of a hundred years, old worm-eaten tomes ar:  ranged on either side in serried row.s,  lias been transformed into a most  useful range, where Coutts young men  practice rille firing of an  evening.".  SICKLY CHILDREN  PROMPTLY CURED  Baby's Own Tablets are an ideal  medicine for, little-ones. They regulate the' bowels and stomach and  promptly cure constipation, indigestion, cold and simple fevers, expel  worms, ��������� cure colic and give, baby  health and happiness. Concerning  them-Mrs. Fred VanCorder, Dunnville,  Ont., writes: "I have used Baby's  Oivn'Tablets for my four children and  find they always^ give perfect satisfaction." The Tablets are sold by  medicine dealers or by mail at 25  cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  More Production is Needed  * - What we  should  direct  our attention to in this country now is the increased  production  rather     than  increased acreage. The farmers ot Germany have long since learned this lesson.    In twenty years  they have  increased the average yield of the five  leading crops, viz., wheat,  rye,  oats,  barley, and-potatoes 61.0 per cent. The  average yield or wheat of 21-2 bushels  from  1886  to  1895  wds increased   to  31.8 bushels for the years 1906 to 1910.  The production  of potatoes    for  the  same period was increased from 130  to  210.1  bushels.    The yield  of the  same crops in the United States i'or  the  same  period  increased   19.8  per  cetn., wheat 12.7 bushels to 14.7, potatoes 73.2 bushels to 96.9-   The average  production  of 210.1  bushels  of potatoes  by the German  farmers at 55.3  cents, the average price to-the Iowa  farmer,     making    an    acre  yield  of  $116.18 should look good to any Iowa  farmer.���������Bulletin, -Nile's and Waiters  Saving Bank, Anamosa, Iowa.  Editors Might Learn  A Short Course in an Agricultural College Would be Beneficial  Rural    school  teachers  and  ministers of the country churches -can exercise an influence- in promoting, better farming and for this reason the  agricultural   colleges   have  sought  to  enlist their sympathies through short  courses.   So far little effort has been  made  to secure    the co-operation -<f  the editors of the newspapers except  by  offering   for. publication   'a-few  formal items from time to time. The  Iowa Agricultural    College    recently  gave  a  short  course  for    the newspaper  men    of the" state    and  with  a  registartion  of 125 placed . agricultural matters  in a new light before  them.    These  editors were given    n  insight  into  farm  practice  that  will  serve them in good purpose in- their  own    communities.      Our    Canadian  colleges could not do a,better .stroke,  of business than follow up this idea.  Have   the   editors- spend   a "week  in  conference   with   the  professors  and  note the possibilities  that lie before  the  farmers.    It    would  change  ttie  attitude of many of these journalists  from      indifference    to    enthusiasm.  They would  be  ready to  support or  even   initiate   plans   for   better   production and    closer co-operation    in  their  home  districts.���������Montreal  Herald.  Varieties    of    Grain   For the  Prairie  *���������" Provinces  Dr. Charles R. Saunders, Dominion  corealist, recommends the following  varieties of grain for cite Prairie Provinces:  Spring wheat: Red Fife best in dry  areas, 'bui.- Marquis1 wharo ra'nfall is  sufficient; for earlines'; and longer  straw, Huron.and Early Red Fife are  suggested for test. Prelude will find  favor for carliness, and where the  tendency is towards excessively long-  straw- In dry districts where earliness  is needed, Pioneer, will probably, give  satisfaction. .  Oats: Banner and Ligowo; Dau-  beney eighfdayj or the common commercial sort. Orloff, if extreme carli-  ;iess is required", 'provided the climate  is not extra dry. *  Barley���������Manchuriau and Ontario  Agriculture College No. 2.1, six-rowed  varieties; Canadian Thorpe. Duckbill  and Early Chevalier worth testing.  Peas���������Arthur, earliest ripening:.  Prussian Blue, Golden Vine, Chancellor and English Grey, if to be '���������cut  green and grown with oats.  Constipation  Is Growing Smaller Every Day.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS are  responsible���������they c  only give relief���������  they permanently  cure Constipation.    Mil  lions use  ' them for  ��������� Biliousness, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skin*  Small Pill. Small Dose, Small Price.  - Genuine must bear Signature  Lore  Than Two Years  THEN JOSEPH GAGNE FOUND A  CURE IN DODD'S KIDNEY  PILLS  J-  The Oil of the People.���������Many oils  have come and gone, but Dr. ThomaS'i  Eclectric Oil continiies to maintain its  position and increase - its sphere of  usefulness each year.. Its sterling  qualities have brought it to the front  and kept it there, and it can truly  be called the oil of the people- Thousands have benefitted by it and would  use  no other preparation.  "What a wonderful painter Rubens  -was!" remarked Mr. Gibbs at the  art gallery.  "Yes," assented Mrs. Gibbs; "It's  said of him that he could change a  laughing face into a sad one by a  single stroke."  "Why," spoke up Willie, in disgust,  "my schoolmaster can do that."  Small Boy (much intereste I in shopman's reason for high price of egi?s)���������  But, mummy, how do the hens know  we're at war with Germany?"  Quebec  Man Took  His Wife's Advice  And   Is  Now  Enjoying  a  New  Lease of Health  Ste. Marguerite Bay Mills, Sague-  nay Co., Que.���������(Special).���������"Yes, you  can tell the public of the. great relief  I got from Dodd's Kidney Pills." The  speaker was Mr. Joseph Gagne, a well  known resident of this place and he  has every reason to-be enthusiastic  over the great Canadian Kidney remedy.  "For more than two years I suffered  from Kidney disease," Mr- Gagne continued. "It finally developed into  pleurisy and.I was a very sick.man  when my wife persuaded me to give  Dodd's Kidney Pills a trial.  fy "I took just three boxes and they  made me well:"  . ��������� Dodd's Kidney Pills make their  users enthusiastic because they not  only cure the particular ailment aimed  at but they spread good health all  over tlie body. They do this by curing the Kidneys. Cured Kidneys strain  all the impurities out of the blood.  That means pure blood and new  health   all over the body.  St7%Zl������<Si  Z*&zr-  \  Cultivation  Few Soils That Are Not Benefitted by  Deep Cultivation  On many farms the. depth of the  cultivated soil is frequently limited to  6in. or thereabouts. Tlie soil is turned  over year after year, and the pan or  hard surface of the subsoil remains  untouched; consequently it is submitted neither to the air nor sunlight, both of which so'materially assist in its decomposition, and in preparing it for the roots of -plants.  There are few soils that are not benefitted by breaking the pan and stirrirg  ���������in a word, deep cultivation, care being taken, however, not to bring up  the subsoil to the surface- On farm  land (excepting, of course, those isolated spots where you have a-deep,  well drained 'fertile land of a sandy  nature stocked with humus) it is_ a  good plan to turn .up with each ploughing, say, half an inch to an inch of  new soil each year until the land is  sown down in pasture again. The  greatest agents we have to help in  breaking down .a stiff furrow are time,  heat, and cold���������atmospheric conditions: then use the old style of grubber and heavy tine harrows, using the  modern spring-tooHi cultivator if  there are not enough horses on the  farm to pull the genuine article. In  rare, very rare, cases it may be harmless to throw the subsoil on top of  the, furrow; but' in the writer's experience it has in every instance  wrought incalculable harm and irreparable damage.  Better  Idea  "Why are you late for school, Harold?"  "We had the most delicious pancakes for breakfast, and it takes a  long times to make them. Mothcr  sent you a note."  "Hum," sniffed the teacher. "Why  didn't she send me a few of the pancakes?"  Was Troubled for Years  With Kidney Disease  And This Treatment Cured Me���������This Statement Endorsed  By a Baptist Minister.  /  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  I was very sick with Quinsy and  thought- I ���������.would strangle.- I "used  MINARD'S LINIMENT and .-it ��������� cured  me at once., I am never without it  now. .  Yours gratefully,        :  MRS. "C. P. PRINCE;  Nauwigewauk, Oct. 21st.  Singapore,  where an incipient mutiny  was;   recently    suppressed,    was  virtually    founded    in  1819    by  Sir  Stamford   Raffles,   the   brilliant   son-  in-law of the Sultan of .Tohore,    who  on  his  return  to England, helped to  found the "Zoo."- The riot must have  aroused deep indignation in a colony  ; so wonderfully free from crime that  i there are no  windows to the house's*  and no fastenings to the doors, even  ��������� at hotels.  Tho great majority oi^ people are  familiar with tho extraordinary curative powers of Dr. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills. But for  the benefit of those  .who are not , wo  continue to publlah  from day to day  reports from 'per-'  ���������ons who have been  actually cured. :  Tho ca������e described in this letter  ���������was an extreme  one, and tho writer  was in a very low  condition .when he  be^an the use of  these    pills.      Tho ifAcarn  cure wim bo mark-    MB< MOSHEB.  ���������d   that  Mr.  Moaner's  pastor did  not  hesitate to vouch for his fltatoment.  By their unique combined action on  tho liver, kidneys and bovvela, Dr.  Ciuue's   KJUnoy-Uvw   Pill*   our*   In  complicated cases which defy the ao<  tion of ordinary kidney medicines.  Mr. "W. H. Mosher, Brockville, Out.,  writes :���������"I uaed Dr. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills, and firmly believe there ii  no, medicine to equal them. 1 was  troubled for years with .kidney disease,  and this treatment ha3 cured me.  When I began the use ot those'pills I  could only walk from my bed to a;  chair. Now I can go to the field and  work like any other man. Dr. Chaae'a  Kidney-Liver Pills are an excellent  medicine."  This statement is certified to by the  Rev. E. H. Emett, Baptist minister ot  Brockville, Ont.  By awakening the action of liver,  kidneys and bowels Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pille cure Constipation,  Headaches, Chronic Indigestion, Kidney Disease, Liver Complaint and  Backache, One pill a dose, 25 cents a  box, all dealers, or Edma noon, Bates &  Co* UfsUted, Toronto,  Sleeplessness.���������Sleep is the great  restorer and to be deprived of it is  vital *loss. ��������� "Whatever may. be the  cause of it, indigestion, nervous derangement or mentaT worry, try a  course of Parmelee's .Vegetable;Pills.  By regulating the, action of the stomach.; where, the. trouble lies, .they will  restore normal conditions and healthful .sleep will follow.' They exert.a  sedative force upon the nerves and  where there.is unrest they bring rest.  Some women are weak because of Ills that are common'  In  Girlhood���������Womanhood  and JVlotherhood  The .prescription  which Dr.'R. V. Pierce used most successfully���������In-  diseases'oi women���������which has stood the test of nearly half a century���������to  CIOO  Take this in liquid or tablet form as a tonic.   ~ ���������  Mrs. Kalo D. Richardson, of Beazley, P.ssex Co.. Vn., snys, " I ostoem it a pleasure to '  testify lo the wonderful curative qualities of Dr. Pierce s Fovorito Prescription. For  some years I suffered prosily, with weakness. I was treated by severalphysician*  hut gradually 6cow worse. One of my friends fold me of the fiood results of your  * Favorite Prescription." I went to (ho dn>8 storo and got a bottle, and after taking  (I, with the; Pleasant Pellets," I commenced to set better. I never knew what"  happiness was, for I was always sick and complaining and made others as well ������*��������� "  myself unhappy.    So you see what a debt I owo, you I"      , - -  Dr.Pierce's Pleasant Pellets regulate atomach, liver, bowels  War and Live Stock  In the area of the fiercest lighting  the density of the cattle population is  the greatest on carta. It is to be assumed that Belgium is stripped of its  live stock. Northeastern France must,  suffer heavily. While in Germany and  Austria, particularly the-former, not  enough feed is'produced" to sustain the  live stoclvand if imports .are cut off  there is only one recourse���������send the  animals to the'shambles. That this-*������s  bsiug done is evidenced by the boast  that meat is comparatively cheap -in  Germany. Scarcity and high price of  feed would be folToweu by cheap meat  for. a season. But after that must  come the day of reckoning. Swine can  quickly recuperate from such a drastic  liquidation, but it, is arslow and expensive matter to build up-a herd of  cattle, - even . iC the breeding stock is>  obtainable.���������Wall Street Journal.  Corns are caused .by the pressure of  tight boots, but no one need be  troubled with them long when so  simple a remedy as Holloway's Corn  Cure is available.  Poultry In Manitoba  /The poultry industry of Manitoba is  growing. In 1914 tlie farmers of that  province sold 815,852 .chickens as compared with 777,808 chickens in 1913.  In 191-1 they sold 184,236 turkeys and  81,720 geese as compared with 176,-  964 turkeys-and 79,940 geese in 1913.  But where are the -lucks? No reporta  have been given.      ���������  Minard's    Liniment,     Lumberman's  Friend.   . **  Greek Surnames  To the average man the names of  the new Greek ministers may prove  bewildering, but to the initiated they  reveal a good deal. Until after the  War of Liberation a century ago few  of the Greek population had surnames  and a recent generation created their  patronymics by various methods, but  generally by adopting the name of  their successors have added the terminals "opontos," "ides," "akes," or  '���������akos," equivalent to our English  "son." Most Greek surnames summarize the family history.���������London  Chronicle.  First Figure���������Are you-a pillar of the  church?  Second Figure���������No, I'jh  buttress���������I support it from  side.  a .(lying  the out-  ��������� "Every time' Billinger goes in bath-  i -g he gets cramps."   ���������  "I should think it-would worrv hia  wife."  -. "It. did. But she's, fixed him all  right. She made a .bathing suit for  him and declared he must wear it  every time ho'goes in." .  "Well?"  "And  now  he  won't    go" near tha  water."  For Protection  against the serious sickness so  likely to follow airailmentof the  digestive organs,���������bilousness  or inactive bowels, you can rely  on the best known corrective  '^"i1*."*"1 SaIe ������' Ab"' Medicine '������������������ tie World)  Sold everywhere." In boxes. 25 wh  "Alflta V/int'd !��������� Writ* Mill Imuran**  i'ot Tin CnnaiJl nVMhrr Isisurancn Co.  Okitntrtloit CumT,nt!y~-JncorpurAtpd JWI>  Wi .1 enr Of AVrlUns m th������ w������t. Vot  0ii.iqitc)i<*irH.i' Afftnctc,, Apply Domtn.  Wil flTitinc* limited. ZJtpt. C. iraramonit  Jli'icK. Hoo#oJ������.w. For MAfiitoba 'Avert*.,  t'loti ApBiy Uratllc a. Teilw, Bat. (L*  ft  -���������g^ ^,yesrw'*w't������  GOO/) MACHINES DESERVE GOOD LUBRICANTS  STANDARD GAS ENGINE OIL  is clean, uniform, and retains its lubricating- body at  high temperatures. It is adapted to all types >of internal combustion engines, including gasoline and oil)  burning tractors! You can't go wrong if you specify  Standard Gas Engine Oil.  Prairie Harvester Oil, a general utility, oil for farm machinery.  ��������� Capitol Cylinder Oil, manufactured expressly for steam tractor and stationary steam engine lubrication.      ������������������' *"   '  Thresher Hard Oil, a high grade cup grease fr*r mc<. ������n *cpa-  rators and other farm machinery.  Eldorado Cattor Oil. A heavy oil for farm machinery,  especially adapted-for loose-fitting and worn bearings.,  Arctic Cup Greaie, made in seven grades to meet varying.  conditions. .'  Ask for our lubricants in steel barrels equipped with  faucets, the clean, economical method of handling  oils on the farm.  Branch Stations Throughout tho Dominion.  THE   IMPERIAL   OIL   COMPANY  Limited  "Good morning, Mrs. Clancy.'- said  a friend, "and' how's the family?"  "They're all doin' well," said Mrs.  Clancy, ' "with the exciption of me  ould man. He's-been enjoyin' poor  health now for some time, but this  liLornin' he complained of feelin' better."  W. N. U. 1052  v</*lUV  "SECURITY FIRST"  Is Your  Life  Insurtfd?    Keep    Your    Policy    In    Forco  And Increase the Amount as Soon as Possible  If You're Not Insured, Make Application Today  f HE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over Four Million Dollars Assets for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write    For   Memo. Book and Circular.  ''J  ���������i  "ij !the smr^WA^w^fmK^rwn  HATRED OF ENGLAND NOT OF  REGENT GROWTH  The German Government not Being Successful  in  its  Campaign  of Slander and  Defamation of the Allies, is Using Every  -'���������Means to Develop a Feeling of Hatred for England  illions Spent  On a Fortress  The hatred against "Kngland with  which Germany is ringing is one of  . , the most interesting samples on record'of Massen suggestion. ,11 should  certainly commend itself to psychologists. Within the ' comparatively  brief 'period that has elapsed since  / ��������� the outbreak of the war tliio .furious  rage against Fngland has communicated itself to every section of tlie  populace. It' Is not an., artificial  growtli,   but-  purely spontaneous.   It  ,   .Is  .absolutely .sincere.   It. is almost  wholly unanimous.   The    foamings of  . "an  elderly"   pantaloon  like Professor  .   .    Kuno Meyer* are as characteristic   of  the Anglo phobia of the German in-  'tellectuals ,as llerr . Ernst Dissauer's  . unconsciously " humorous    Hymn   of  Hate  is  of    the  feelinc  in   literary  circles.  .The seeds of this hatred���������"unser  Ilass gegen England," - as. tlie newspapers exultingly call it ���������were not  c planted by_ the German' government.  Knowing that these seeds lay dormant, or rather, to be accurate, had  "already grown to quite a respectable  plant, "it has done and is doing everything within its power to tend .and-  nurture tills rabid enmity which has  " , now become the obsession "of sixty-  five million souls. The. German government has not been very successful  hitherto in its congenial labor of defamation and slander of'. the allies.  . Let us be frank, therefore, and admit  that its endeavors to fan the flame of  hatred against the British in Germany  have' been ' crowned with complete  success. ���������'  It would be a mistake to suppose  ��������� "' that this hatred of England in Germany is of recent growth." It" does  not, it is true, date back to the old  Germany, though in the days of Bismarck Engl&nd was _ unpopular in  Germany, much as she was in most  other continental 'countries. It is,  however, a feature of' the German  - Volkspsy'chologie which has, been developing, during the past twenty years,  A state, of ^eace'n'aturally checks the  frank utterances, of' a nation, * and  this state of mind of the Gerhian peo-  . pie���������which the present w..r has fanned" to a furious flame-rhas during the  past two decades been one of intense  and consuming-envy    rather Mian of  ���������    pure hatred.    This'  envy of Kngland  .   Is as much a symptom in the- development of modern Germany    as other  marked features���������sue': as the growt.i  of. licentiousness as dento'-'-.raiisd by  -    the     unhindered    spread   of    "niglit  life" and all it stands for.  Hatred of Englau '. in Germany is  not a new thing. I first"-wont to Germany as a schoolboy during tlie Boer  War. The deepest iriipression I have  retained of my first contact with Ger-  "man lads of my .own age���������boys at the  grammar school in the little provincial town where I was learning German���������was their gross offensiveness  to me���������tlie stranger and guest of one  of their own comrades, as the representative of the British race.  , Those were the days when the acquisition  of    Kiao-Chau .by  the  Ger  mans after the Boxer expedition  seemed to open up to young Germany  a fair Held of development in the Far  East. 1 remember going with a party of school boys to a lecture delivered- under the auspices of the German  Navy League <on Germany's future "n  Chinas Thai, lecture mainly consisted of a violent tirade against England. I remember listening in silent  fury to (he speaker's clumsy gibe* at  England's policy of grab,, and lo the  oreary clap-trap which used to be the  stock-in-trade of the boulevard Chauvinists of former years. ' ���������  The Boxer ' expedition which threAV  open the wide world to a large number o'f' young Germans undoubtedly  played a role in fanning this feeling,  against England, which has.always  had its roots in jealousy���������Neid���������that  cardinal failing of the German race.  The young- German soldiers and sailors���������fresh from the rather grey surroundings of -German-university or  commercial "school���������were 'electrified  to find themselves sent forth as the  Kultur-bearers of imperial Germany.  But as their enthusiasm waxed at the  prospects opened to them by the new  world which unrolled itself before  them, their.envy increased agr.inst the.  mighty power whose well ordered  rind contented colonies and settlements met them from sea to sea, from  Hamburg to Hong-Kong. -  .The- .envy of Great Britain in Germany is the'envy of the young German. It is the bitter feeling with  which the poor cleric regards the rich  son of his employer, or the small  tradesman the capitalist. Ambitious  young Germans of good family, coining" to London in the rather straitened  eircumfJance*- in which so many wellborn German families live, have often  displayed to- me by their manner,  rather than their words, their "irritation at the more affluent surroundings of the young men with whom  they come into contact in England.  Envy of British prosperity is very  marked in press' and public in Germany.- The feeling may not always  find concrete expression, but it is  there nevertheless.  The young German's wrathful impotence to win for himself a position  in the'world." commensurate with that'  of modern' Germany has brought  forth a whole cro: of imperial-minded German novels. In these boolo,  many of which have enormous sales,  you will find very clearly marked the  devouring ambition, the bitter envy,  and the painful self-consciousness  which are the-leading traits of young  finalities which have combined to  make the German the most disliked  nation of the world.  I have only indicated the resources  from which Germai.y's hatred of  England springs. It goes without  saying that the determining factor of  Its'-present degree of ferociousness is  duo to the realization of the fact that  Germany's game to master the world  has been foiled, and that England is  the name of the spoil-sport.���������London  Daily Mail.  Everyone Should Help  The Farmers and How TheyfCan Help  the   Red  Cross  Society "-.  We publish elsewhere "in this issue  an appeal on behalf ot" the Red Cross  Society, by Dr. James \V. Robertson.  Dr.' Robertson is still best known to  the farmers of Canada as Professor  Robertson. He began/his official public.'service at the Ontario; Agriculture  College nearly thirty years ago: Twenty-five years ago he went to Ottawa as  dairy commissioner for the Dominion.  The dairying service of the: depart-,  ment of agriculture.'soOn became,  known and triisied throughout' Canada. From Prince Edward Island to  Alberta, farmers profited by the illustration dairy stations and. the travelling instructors. The output of cheese  and butter in Canada added to the  reputation of its rural workers.  Other public services of continuing  and growing value were inaugurated,  while Professor Robertson was commissioner of agriculture. Among them'  were the live stock branch, the cold  storage service, the seed grain competitions, trial shipments of fruit to  tlie United Kingdom, and extensions  of markets.  Besides there were the manual  training movement, the school gardens, household science, and the consolidated rural schools.  In more recent years, Dr. Robertson was chairman of the royal commission on industrial training and  technical education. Farmers in all  provinces are familiar with the survey  of farms by the commission of conservation and tlie illustration farms  \of its coinmittea on lands, of which  lie is chairman.   '  Vin these and man other ways, Dr-  Robertson has given the farmers of  Canada the bast that was in him. He  says he is their debtor, for many opportunities/for much kindness and for  warm.appreciations. But they, are his  debtors too. And he now reminds  them, of that for the first time in order  (o establish his right '-nd privilege  to appeal to them for. this, worthy  cause.  Johnny���������Mother, my toes are not as  nurd as leather, are they?  Mother���������No, Johnny.  Johnny���������Then, mother, how do they  wear themselves through my  shoes?  Another German Monopoly  Glass Eyes Are Becoming Scarce, and  the War is Responsible  Aniline dyes, are not the only th'ings  in which Germany has established a  monopoly. According-to the Glasgow.  Herald ninety-five per cent.'of the  glass eyes sold in ���������'his country-ha'-j  'hitherto been made in Germany, and  America is in still greater danger of  optical starvation, for she has depended on Germany altogether. It seenu  that there are a quarter of a million  people Tn"-:.th'e United States who get  their eyes from Germany. The uninitiated might, suppose that a glass  eye, even if made in Germany, would  be an enduring possession like a gold  tooth or a wooden leg, and that, ther^;-  ������fore, a temporary stoppage of supplies  would not cause widespread inconvenience. -But this is not the case. Th  life of a glass eye, says our authority,  is only-nine months. We are not tokl  in what respect.it deteriorates, cr  whether after the lapse of that time it  is absolutely useless or merely shabby. -Perhaps the colors are not fast.  It would certainly be disastrous if  Sadie's right eye (made by her American forbears) retained its rich, deep,  lustrous violet hue, while her left eyo  (made in Germany and originally an  excellent match) faded to light azure  or turned green. The British article is  much dearer than the German, it  seems, but we presume that the quality will be proportionately better. An  effort should certainly be made to capture tlie American trade, if only to ensure that our cousins have a correct  British outlook.  Heligoland Fortress Great Expense to  Germany -   ���������  Ms ny millions of dollars have been  spent }>y Germany on.Heligoland, that-  little island made over as a sort of  "Greek gift" by Great Britain.  When the Island was ceded in 1890,  it was crumbling away fast,'and was  being speedily eaten into by the  waves of the North Sea.  The Germans strengthened- its red  marl and sandstone cliffs with great  granite -buttresses 16 feet thick" and  240 feet high. All cracks and fissures  in the crumbling.cliffs were filled in  with ferro-concrete, So that now tlie  sea battles in vain against the walls  of the little island, which is only a  vnile in length by some one-third of  a mile in width.  To. the south of the lower part of  the island was made a shelter for  tropedo boats,, submarines and small  cruisers,-at a cost of more than $10,-  000,00.0. It was to this shelter that  the German ships fled when attacked  and defeated in' the battle of Heligoland Bight.  A high cliff separates this- low-lying part of the island, the "IJnter-  land," as it is called,-from the high  land, or- "Oberland." The whole  length of the top of this cliff is heavily protected .by barbed ,. wire, ai;d  apart from a small elevator, the only  'way. by which any one can go from  the "Unterland" to the "Oberland" is  by means of a zigzag road leading up  lo the top of the, cliff.  This, road up' the cliffs leads almost directly to a little town. This  little town", complete with its church  and school," contained at the commencement of the'war, only a few-  hundred .inhabitants chiefly workmen,  employed in tlie fortifications, and  the garrison, with their families.  Further north are the newly built  Zeppelin sheds ana aeroplane ' hangars.- It was from thesevsheds that  the two Zeppelins came, to attack  the torpedo boats and submarines  who convoyed the seven British a'ir-  men hi' their recent daring dash to  Cuxhaven.  ' To the left of the town, standing  near the edge of the "litis, is a large  monument which was erected in memory of the famous German poet,-  Fallersleben, who wrote. Germany's  most popular war song or hymn,  "Dcutschland, -Deutschland Ueber  Alles." ...  Since the war started a large number of the buildings have been razed  to the ground, and every person not  actively required for the defense of  the North Sea fortress has been sent  away from the ishu.d- The island itself is . connected by a number of  cables with Cuxhaven, and. should  these be cut there*is a powerfuLwire-  less-apparatus .installed.  -. All over Heligoland there are powerful searchlights by which any vessel can be detected at night, no matter from what direction she approaches.  "Many parts of the island, as well  as .the buildings, Have been heavily  armor-plated, and some of Krupp's  biggest 12-inch and, it'is also stated,  16-inch guns, mounted on disappearing platforms, and cunningly, hidden,  guard all approaches from the|sea.  The ocean for some miles around is  all mapped out in squa.es. each gun  having its square or squares'Mipon  which it can be instantly trainetl or  fired, should an unlucky hostile ship  be in that little space of sea.  10*.  MEN AT THE FRONT  A BRITISH AVIATOR  WHO HAS LOOPED THE LOOP  "She quit because the manager of  the show asked her to wear tights."  "You seldom see a chorus girl like  that-"  "Seldom, indeed. The'incident gave  her so much free advertising that she  is now drawing a fancy salary in vaudeville for posing semi-nude as a  living-picture model."  Every time a fifteen-inch gun is  fired a bale of cotton is used up. The  cotton is used for the manufacture of  smokeless powder, and it is estimate 1  that $100,000 worth per month is being  used up In this way.  Our Inadequate Agriculture  Less Land Under Cultivation in Section's of U.S. Than Fourteen  Years Ago  Economists tell us that the cause of  high- prices is to be found in the abnormal increase of the world's gold  supply, in the "brigandage of the'middlemen',"-'in'the'.'growth of luxury, tuo-  aggression of labor and all manner of  disturbance in the industrial world.  But there is yet another explanation  which has not received the considera-'  tion its reasonableness demands. In  great agricultural states like, Illinois  and Iowa less land is under cultivation  today than fourteen years ago; many  important counties in states like Ohio  are producing less food than they did  before the Civil War. During the last  census period population in the United States increased-21 per cent, but  agricultural production increased TO  per cent. only. To meet an increase  of 21 per cent., in the number of  mouths to bo fed. the production of  wheat increased only 3.8 per cent., of  orchard fruits 1-8 per cent., while the  production of cor., actually fell off by  4.3 per cent.���������Harper's Magazine.  Great Britain imported 24,148,833  bushels of barley in 39.13 from Russia, Roumania. Turkey, Germany and  Austria. From Canada she took 5,-  977.533 bushels,'or less than a fourth.  Thrilling Experience of Airman who was Detailed to Drop Bombs  on  the  Enemy's  Position,   and who Accomplished His  Mission after a Miraculous Escape from  Destruction  became perfectly^ silent round about-  me. I knew then that 1 had overdone  the pull iind forced the 'machine up  almost vertically and in consequence  had stopped her. And I knew that  now she would probably slip back or  fall over sideways.  "One or other of these things happened. I don't know which. In any  case, I felt my holding-in strap tighten and knew that I was upside down.  It was still as dark as night. I tried  to right myself and failed. I tried,  frantically- I began to feel that it  was all over with un and I experienced the most acute agony of mind. But  suddenly and quite unexpectedly that  feeling passed . away. I had triad  everything and failedT I was conscious of that. Now a,wonderful sensation of calm took the place of the  anguish. It was the most easy and  delightful sensation I have ever felt.  And meanwhile I was falling, I suppose, at the rate of about 200 miles  an hour.  "The next-thing I remember is that  my holding-in belt burst and that  automatically I jammed my knees farther under the indicator board . and  gripped the seat with my elbows." I-  had taken my feet off the rudder bar.  I was some inches out of the seat and  the machine was upside "down. I  only knew it was upside down in a  vague way because I had left the seat.  I was quite happy and I had no anxiety of- any kind. I did not feel anything. Then in a moment the aeroplane fell out ot the cloud and I saw  the sea rushing up towards me. -My  hands automatically moved the controls and at 1,500 feet .the machine  righted herself. Then at intervals I  heard a curious snapping sound in my  ears and realized that I was deaf. I  could, not hear my own engine."  This deafness was'due to the very  rapid descent and consequent sudden  increasing atmospheric pressure. It  had a psychological effect, for it helped accentuate the sense of depression  which followed the return to safety.  The airman, who had passed from vio-  len- agitation of mind to the realm of  despair���������he desired'me to emphasize  the easy character of the state which  he said disproved all he had expected  and feared���������now suffered a severe -  sense of shock. But he continued on  his way, mastering himself until ho  was able to launch his bombs.  The first of these achieved its purpose and he saw that it had done so.  Immediately a reaction of feeling set  in.    He  confessed,  "I  was  so  happy  that I shouted.   I simply couldn't contain myself.   I felt in all my pockets  for something else to throw down. Ail  I  could   find   was my  matchbox,  and  so I threw that."    It testifies to the  splendidly attuned slate of his nerves';  that next day he was able to carry  out his work more or less as if nothing had happened.    In proof that the  aeroplane   had. really   turned   upside  down, it was discovered that the airman's  revolver had  fallen    from his  pocket oh the machine.  What our-airmen have done every  one knows In a more or less general  way, says a writer in the London  Times. What they have felt while  accomplishing their work belongs to  themselves alone. But occasionally it  is' permitted _to learn something of  these feelings and sensations, aud as  the psychology of.aerial warfare is of  surpassing interest any light which  can be thrown upon it has a value.  I have listened to a description of  what 1 shall, call "psychology of a war  flight,", by one of our younger airmen. ��������� ,  .The airman received'orders to go to  a particular place, and there drop  bombs. His route lay along the sea  coast over a portion of "country occupied by.the enemy and strongly, fortified against hostile aei'opl-'' nes. Shortly after setting out the zone of fire  was entered and in order to avoid mishap'it became necessary-to take advantage of such cloud cover as could  be obtained. "I saw," my informant  said, "a heavy clouu in front of me,  hanging over the sea. ' It was a grey  cloud or I shouldnot have entered it;  black clouds are well known to be exceedingly dangerous."   .  "I was flying at a height of about  7,500 feet when I entered the cloud.  For a^few; moments all went well and  the-cover was very welcome. The  cloud was of the fleecy order and I  could see my corny - ss and barometer  quite clearly. After a while, however,  the mist became thicker, and I felt  that I was losing my bearings. I was  flying quickly' but I did not know in  what direction. My compass began  to swing- round in the riibst erratic  way and I saw the barometer begin to  ,fall."  These manifestations did not,'however, occasion alarm. But what folio w-ed was unpleasant. Owing to. the  effect of (he strong and contrary currents which are met with in eve.-y  cloud the machine/began to sway  about violently. "The airman felt himself" knocked, from side to.side" and  had a very difficult task to manipulate  his elevator "and rudder. The wind  shrilled about him and the density of  the cloud increased from moment to  moment. Nevertheless, it- was still  possible to distinguish the indicators  and 'thus to form' some idea of the  position of the machine in space.  Then suddenly everything became  quite dark, so that lie could not s  much as see his hands in front of  him."  "I was not frighter.ed so far, at  least! do not think so. But I began  to think that to have been shot by the  enemy would have been the lesser of  the two, evils- However, thinking was  difficult: I required all my wits for  the work in hand. I was completely  lost- I did not even know at what angle the machine was flying. Then U13  thought occurred to me that I might  have a slip-side or that the machine  might turn over, and I made up my  mind to try to rise up out of the  cloud. I pulled the elevator for this  purpose, and next nioraen. everything  Billy Sunday's.Style  In a recent sermon Billy Sunday,  the American evangelist, took up the  story of David and Goliath. Here is  an extract from thd verba turn report:  "Who's that big stiff doing all the  talking?" asked^ David of his brothers  or-2 day.  "Oh, he thinks he's the whole thing;  he does that stunt tve.vy day," was the  reply-'  "Say," said David, "you-mutts make  me sick. Why don't ..you go out and  soak the.guy? Don't let'him get away  .witii the. dough." So Saul said to  David: "You'd bette.- take my armor  and sword.' David put them on. but  lie felt like a fellow with a hand-me-  down suit about four times too big for  him,-so he shoo': tlitni off and went  down to the brook and picked up half  a dozen stones. He put one of them in  his sling and soaked Goliath between  the lamps.���������Edmonton Journal.  There can be little advantage in  trying to value an unpurchased  future. The future will be just what  we make it���������what we earn. Now is  the time for toil, for bloody sweat,  for courage and good cheer. It is a  time to take inspiration from the  memory of our fathers, from the e.\-  pmple of our million brothers who  line the battle front���������a time for each  man to Judge not his fellow, but to  sternly judge himself.���������Hon. Arthur  Mcighen at Winnipeg.  The Stock is Low  Saskatchewan Leads Provinces of Dominion in Production of.Wheat  A striking .fca'.urc of the important  position which Saskatchewan holds as  a wheat-producing province of the  Dominion is contained in a table of  statistics published recently at Ottawa showing the stocks of wheat  held in Canada on February 8, 3915.  The table divides this into two-classes  (1) the wheat stored in elevators and  In transit, and (2) the quantity of  wheat in hands of farmers themselves,  rt is estimated that on the date named  there were 79,130,593 bushels held in  elevators, etc., r.nd 29,554,000 held by  the farmers of the Dominion. Of the  latter amount it is interesting to note  that one-third is credited to Saska'.-  chewan with 10,289,000 bushels, which  is the best showing made by any of  tlie provinces. Alberta comes second  with 7.1215,000 bushels, and .Manitoba  third with a total of 5,791,000 bushel'-.  Following is tlie table showing th'!  estimated amounts held by farmers:  Prince Edward Island ..     -161,000  Nova   Scotia           89,000  New  Brunswick           61,000  OilfeUt'C         277,000  Ontario      5,297,000  Manitoba      5,791.000  Saskatchewan    10,289,000  Alberta      7,215,000  Jjritli-h  Columbia           74,000  Government Crop Report Shows Lower  Stocks   in   Farmers'   Hands  Of the grain erops other than wheat  the proportions of the previous years  production estimated to be in farmers' hands on March 31 are smaller  than in any. former year on record.  Oats show a balance of .-85*843,000  bushels, ot 27 per cent.;, barley, 7,-  430,000 bushels, or 20i������ per.cent.; rye,  343,700 bushels, or 17 per cent:; buckwheat, 1,792,500 bushels or 212 per  cent.; corn, for husking, 2,928,000  bushels, or 21 per cent., and flaxseed  740,700 bushels, or 10 percent  Of potatoes which gave the excellent yield last year of S5.672.000 bushels, 37.7 per cent., or 32,310,000 bushels, were in farmers' hands March 31, ,.  this proportion being larger than in  any of the last live years, excepting  1013, when 43 per .cent., or 36,610,000  bushels remained over from the harvest of l.������12. Of turnips and other  roots, 10,267,000 bushels, or 15 per  cent., remained over, and of hay and  clover tlie quantity in farmers' hands  is placed at 2.173,000 tons, or 21 per  cent, of the total crop of 10,290,000  tons.     .  Out of the total wheat crop of 161,- *  280,000 bushels, all but (J'/fc per cent.,  or 150,793,000 bushels proved to be of.  merchantable quality. This percentage, although below the exceptional  record of 1914, when the proportion  non-rnerchantale was less than 3 per  cent., is about equal to the average of  the last six years, during which tho  lowest proportion of merchantable  grain was in 1910-il, after the poor  season of 1910, when 12.8 per cent,  was estimated to be of non-merchantable quality. The proportions of tin  other crops in 1914, which proved to  be of merchantable quality, are aa  follows:  Oats, 91 per cent., 285,988,000 bushels; barley, 88 per cent., 32,022,000  bushels; rye, 90 per cent., 1,815,800  bushels; buckwheat, 84 per cent., 7,-  279,000 bushels; corn for husking, 80  per cent., 11,100,000 bushels; flaxseed,  88 per cent., 6,370,200 bushels; potatoes, 8C per rent., 74,165,000 bushels;  turnips, etc., 87 per cent., 60,218,000  bushels and hay and clover, 88 per  cent., 9,094,(100 tons. THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  |J  J OF THE CITY  -"Maurice Vetter, aged   fifty-five, a  piQneer locomotive'engineer   of  the  Inland Empire well known in Grand  Forks, ' died   at' Tacoma last week.  At the time of.-his death ' Mr'.- Vetter  was  deputy  state   safety appliance  inspector, having been appointed, by  Governor Lister of Wasbington'early  in 1913 from   passenger engineer on  the   Marcus' division   of  the Great  Northern.    He was a member of the  Spokane   Lodge   B.   P,  0. E,   the  Cataract   Commandaiy  of   Knight  Templars, the El  Katif Temple   of  the Mystic Shrine and the Boundary  division of the Brotherhood ot Locomotive Engineers of Marcus. .  .  ���������Helen Campbell, .who will spend  her school holidays with the Davin  family.'  Mrs. R. Smith, sister of Mrs. \V.  P. O'Connor and Mrs. A. Potentier,-  returned to her home in Vancouver  yesterday, after visiting in this city  for a couple of weeks.  Mrs. Lloyd A. Manly left on  Tuesday for the coast to be present  at the recital given in honor of her  daughter, Miss Norma, who will  graduate from St. Ann's Academy,  Victoria. Some of the. best talent  in the Capital-. City will be heard.  Before.returning' to Grand Forks the  JVLnlys will go to California, and  'will visit the "San ' Diego' and San  Francisco expositions, Los Angeles  and other cities. '" " '���������  .. '.'D.avid's,Prophets .and Loss Acr  counts", will .be the subject of Rev.  Charles W. King's Sunday evening  address in the Baptist church. The  Bible study service.at 11 a.m. as  usual.  from Republic, where'he' had been  on a'sttfck purchasing'trip. ���������  iVIr. Snyder, the rancher, had a  foot badly crushed-while working  on the slag pile at the Gran by smelter on Saturday.  . :  Tom   New by   carrie 'down  Gloucester camp on Monday  from  Mr. Davis, mangaer of the Cascade  mill, had (he misfortune to break  one of. "his legs yesterday, and he  was brought to the hospital in this  city last night for treatment.  The public and high schools  closed today for the midsummer  holidays. The customary exercises  were observed, and a number of  parents and visitors were present.  At the Presbyterian church   next  Sabbath, June 27, patriotic services  will be held at 11   u.m. and 7:30 p  in.    At the morning service all parents   and' scholars  of>   the Sunday  school, including the cradle roll, are  specially  requested   to  be   present,  and children are   asked to be seated  in the church at 10:45 a.m.   Surely  it  is  a   time when .this great world  conflict   is   going  on   to   show our  loyalty to God and  empire.    Let us  have a large attendance at these services.    Special music   by the"choir.  Lightning enteierl . the Great  Northern hotel during the'electricHl  storm yesteuday ��������� afternoon . and  slightly shattered the phone. Other-,  wise no damage was-done. *-  '- The residents of Cascade and Billings, have signed a petition, to Mrs.  McPherson, M-.A., asking her to reconsider her contemplated .depart  ure from the city, where she has  been school teacher for the past  year. /The trustees, it is urged, were  very fortunate in securing the services of Mrs. McPherson', who by  her untiring "efforts and zeal for the  welfare of the children under her"  care has proved to be a valuable  member of the community. The  education -of between thirty and  forty children iu seven or eight different grades is an arduous task,  yet it is no uncommon thing to find  the children receiving additional  coaching after school hours and  even on holidays, it is pointed  out..  English  3-Speed Gear   and  the-  High-Grade   Cleveland  -.Wheels..  I have opened.a hicycles stoi:e next the Grand.'  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock. ��������� ',        ���������-  n  . . Bicycle Accessories  J.RMoo  Repairing   a Specialty"  JFirist and" Main .Sts.,  Grand  Forks,  B. C.  urititure  A. N. Movvatt, formerly of the  Ledge, came down from Greenwood  yesterday and enlisted at the local  recruiting office for active service.  At present it does "not^ look as if  the rainy season would end..until  after -the celebration at 'Christina  lake on the 1st.     ' ' ��������� ���������  During the electrical storm yesterday -afternoon all phones were  temporarily 'shut off.- A bolt! of  lightntng entered Aid. Donaldson's  residence, but no damage was done.  Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Cook returned  on Tuesday from a two weeks' vacation trip to the coast cities. While  . away Mr.' Cook attended the an-  nual convention in Victoria of the  grand lodge of A. F. & A. M. as a  delegate from the local lodge"  Mrs. N. F. Davin left on Monday  for Moose Jaw and the east, after  spending the past winter in this  city.    She was accompanied by Miss  Eugene Herrick brought a few  crates of sweet cherries into the city  on Monday. He has not innrketed  cherries as early as the 21st of June  in any previous year.  METEOROLOGICAL  J. E. Thompson, of Phoenix, Lib  eral nominee for Grand Forks riding, was in the city on Monday.  The Knights of Pythias will hold  their memorial service ne*xt Sunday.  The Cascade mill has been repaired and operations were resumed  this week.  J. P. Flood, of the  Giand  Forks  meat   market,  .return   on Saturday  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  New Harness SJL^^Jg8^"  work guaranteed.  Your patronage is solicited:  r\������    J\  ������  The  following   is  the   minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day   during   the   past    week, as re  corded by the government thermom  eter on E. F. Laws' ranch:  M'vn. Max.  June 18���������Friday  44 65  19���������Saturday   ....' 49 ' 62  20���������Sundsy, 4G - 72  21���������Monday :. "45 79  "    22���������Tuesday  4? "84  23���������Wednesday .. 50 88  24 -Thursday.,... 58 *    '    77  Inches  Rainfall  0.65  Granby Shipmants  The following are' the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to.the Grand Forks  smelter:  ' -    . Tons "  January  42,211  February  63,091  March  ' '  69.94S  Agril  85,382  May 100,693  Total  : 361,325  ^  rv3  &  LOW *^  ���������Kaposi  Effi FLOUR  ! ^tutf  Here We Are !  Your 'Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family*  Robin Hood Flour  tt  ((  (t  tt  Oats  Porriage Oats  Ferina  Graham  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale h$  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Moral Ruin  Ruin is no  respecter of   persons.  Your girl is as liable to be met by it  as the girl of your neighbor.  Ruin.it  should be  kept  in  mind, does not  overtake any   one, for it is   not  of-  hind, but   before.    There   are   two  highways plainly marked, and it is  only   those who  travel by the road  that leads to ruin who ever reach it.  They must  go  out  to meet the destructive thing, or they will not find  it.    So itis not imperinent   to   ask  parents where their daughters are to-'  night.    The    news    reports   'have  lately   been   filled with accounts of  the  doings of a'daughter of the rich  and a daughter of   the   poor    One  was motherless and   the  other   was  fatherless, .but if the   rightful  guardian    had   known   where each was  every night and seen to it  that she  was in a safe pliice there would have  % When in-need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house,* you can  save money by purchasing from us.'  -fl We carry the, most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the -Boundary, and/  you are assured.of the same careful con-  ;\ sideratiou .at. our store'if your purchase  ���������is small as ryou .would receive if .you. were'.  : ; ,' buying' a largevprder'. '.     ���������  ���������   :-   .   ' c     - ' - '    .   '  "IT We. would   like-' to.' call, your- attention;  ���������, especially to our Floor'Covering-Department.' ' Our stock is new and up-to-date ���������  ��������� and the rangeo'f patterns and designs is"  second to none. ��������� " .  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  been peace and contentment   in two  McCallum,   vice-president; Geo.   D.  homes where there is now something Clark,secretary treasurer; Dr. Truax,  very different.    A girl is one of the  medical officer; committee "of  men,  most   precious   possessions' in   the John McKie. J; D. Campbell, H. A.  world. a"nd she  should   be guarded  Sheads,   Judge   Brown, H. "C. Ker-  as the king's .chamberlain guards  the crown jewels. Thoee baubles  are not sent sparkling "unprotected  in dance halls, where "greedy" fingers may .filch them.���������Philadelphia  Public Ledger." ' ���������  RED CROSS WORK  FOR GRAND FORKS  (Concluded from Pane 1.)  to be one of Grand   Forks' most enthusiastic meetings:  F   M.  Holland,  honorary   president: W  J. Cook,    president; J. A,  man, H. E. Woodland, W. B."  Bishop, and all ministers; committee of ladies, Mesdames Anderson,  Barrett, Cooper, S. -.Davis, Garrett,  Jas. Hutton', Henniger, Lequime,  Needham, W. F. Stewart. -.       " -  The twelve lady vice-presidents  elected are to divide among them  the work of .keeping the. depot in  the opera house open six full days  in the week.  ���������The local organization is' to be  known as the Grand Forks subsidiary branch of the Red Cross society,  and will be att'ehed to  Vancouver.  WATER   NOTICE  CITY OF GRAND FORKS  NOTICE is hereby given that all  owners and occupants of land within the City Limits of Grand Forks are  required to cut down, effectively destroy, and to prevent the growth of all  Noxious Weeds on such lands. Any  one guilty of an fnfraction of the  City Bylaw governing the same on  July Isfc, 1915, will be liable to a  penalty of $25.00 and costs, together  with the costs and expenses of having  said work done by the City.  By Order of the City Council,   ���������  JOHN A. HUTTON,  City Clerk.  The  Landlord's Laugh  - He has no more use for,his  "To Let" sign.  He used our Classified Want  Ads. and found a good tenant.  BU j-lll'llliilLxL. iii.iiimi.il ���������       ,,'.,.    '  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  q>nr| 1>ER ACRE���������The old Graham ranch of  \$>������i\J 312 acres, at Cascade, can be purchased at $20 per acre, if taken at once. W.  K. Esiing owner, Roasland,B. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  ( DlYEliSION AND USE. )  TAKE NOTICE that Mrs. Jennie Morrison,  I whose address is Grand Porks, B. C, will  npply. for a licence to take and use 20 acre-  feet o; water out of Kettle River, which flows  south-easterly and drains into Columbia  Kiver near Marous, Washington. U.S.A. The  water will be ..diverted from the stream at a  point 950.feet south-easterly from the northeast corner of Lot 1699 and will be used tor  irrigation and domestic purposes upon the  land described as part of Lot 1699. This  notice was posted on ihe ground ou the 27th  day of April, 1916. A copy of this notice and  an application pursuant ihereto and to the  'Water Act, 1914," will be filed in the office  of the Water Recorder at Grand Porks, B.C.  Objections to the application may be filed'  with the said Water Recorder or with the.'  Comptroller of Water .Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, B. C , within thirty days-  after tho first appearance of this notice in it  local newspaper. The date of the first publication of this notice Is April 30th, 1915.  "     MRS. JENNIE MORRISON, Applicant..  RIDERS WANTKD ns agents for our. high  crude blcytdes. Write for low prices to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCLE WORKS, VICTORIA, B. C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE your repairs to  Armson, shoe  repairer.    The   Hub.    Look for the   Big  -  -rj,  !!i  K  ������v:>^--  m,  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES i aid for old Stoves  and   Ranges.    E. C.  Peclc'ium,   Second  hand Store.  G  FOR RENT-HOUSES  OOD five room house: two   blocks  from  post office.' Apply this office.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made  to Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done..  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  I  ���������"1  'fa  1  ���������I  i  i;  :-hl  HI  i<1

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