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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jul 30, 1915

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 I  *&.) ,,{T  tftf  K.C    /  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No, 39  GRAND FORKS, B: C, FRIDAY, JULY 30, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  MayorGaw' and Aid. Bickerton,  rBonthron, Donaldson, Manly,, McCallum and Smith were present at  the regular meeting of the city-council on Mbriday evening.  The chairman of the water and  light-committee reported that several ratepayers had asked for a reduction in the lawn sprinkling rates  owing to the copious rains during  the present summer, and he recommended that a reduction of 50 per  cent be allowed on all rates for lawn  sprinkling. He also recommended  that the Red Cross society be granted free light, and that the city purchase a water wheel from R C. Mc-  Cutcheon for $20.,..; The council ap-  prdved all of the recommendations.  On motion, the past month's accumulation of bills were ordered to  be paid.  The   chairman   of   the  board of  works reported that the city   team  was employed on street work.  Some  graveling   had   been   done, on the  street across the   North   Fork,   but  no decision had been arrived at   re-  garding   the   proposed fill near Dr.  Averill's residence.    The matter   of  the city purchasing a street grader  should be gone into.  He was also of  the opinion that it would be advisable   for the city to build a sidewalk  from the Methodist church  to   the  Carter residence in the Van Ness addition.    Either a four-plonk walk or  a   cinder   road  would, he thought,  answer the purpose..   This  proposal  Was discussed at length, and  then,  on motion of Aid, Manly and   Donaldson, it was referred  back  to   the  board for further investigation  and  a report at the next meeting.       '  On motion of /Aid. Manly and  Donaldson, the clerk was requested  to instruct the chief of 'police to enforce the bylaw against bicycle riders  riding on the.sidewalks. '  The chairman of the health arid re  lief committee that there was very  little destitution in the city at present. He had received'an application for a few articles of clothing  from an old 'resident .'of the city;  The chairman was authorized to act  on this application.  Tne chairman of the cemetery  committee reported that the new  fence around the cemetery was not  very satisfactory. On one side of  tie grounds nearly all of the concrete posts were either broken or  damaged. - The council consumed  considerable time in attempting to  loccate the responsibility for this con  ditibn of affairs. On motion of Aid  Donaldson and Bonthron, the clerk  was instructed to notify tbe Concrete  company, to replace all damaged  posts by new ones.  Tbe clerk was authorized to call  for tenders for a carload of coal.  The city clerk and assistant city  clerk were granted a leave of absence  from their duties on gun day.  The chairman of the board of  works was instructed to peruse the  literature descriptive of street graders  and to communicate his views on  this subject to the council at its  next meeting.  The mayor's remuneration bylaw  and the aldermen's indemnity bylaw  were reconsidered and finally passed.  Rural Delivery  Grand Forks Rural Route No. I  goes into operation on Monday,  August 2. Letters, etc., intended  for delivery on the, route must be  posted by 8.30 a.m. to ensure delivery the/same day. The rate ��������� of  postage forletters addressed to pa-  trons of the route require a 2 cent  stamp, with a war stamp additional.  A pillar box for mailing letters  will be erected at the corner of Market street and Victoria avenue (head  of Winnipeg avenue bridge). Mail  from this box will be collected daily,  except Sunday, at 11 a.m.  Cover Crops  "As soon as cultivation is discontinued in the orchard it is important to sow seed for the cover crop,  which" is an important factor in  good orchard practice. The cover  crop, growing during the latter part  of summer, uses considerable moisture and plant food and so helps to  check the growth of the tree and  ripen tbe wood. When ploughed  under, the vegetable matter adds  humus to .the soil and so makes It  more retentive of moisture. In the  case of leguminous crops nitrogen is  also added to the soil by this means.  Where it is important to hold the  snow in winter to protect the roots  of the trees the cover crop is valuable. If the soil is in good condition a non-leguminous crop, such as  buckwheat, rape or millet, will.make  good growth and^serve the purpose  of checking tree growth and furnishing vegetable matter for the ploughing under. If the soil is rather poor  the summer Vetch makesa good  crop, and where clovers do well red  clover or crimson clover are satisfactory.  LIGHTNING KILLS  During the severe electrical storm  on Wednesday,-Thomas Cecil'Cum-  mins, manager of the Cascade power  plant, was struck by iightning and  instantly killed, at about II o'clock  in tbe morning. Mr. Gumming was  inspecting the telephone line on  Castle mountain, east of Cascade,  at the time, and he was alone. Not  returning home at noon, as had  been his intention a search was  made for him, and his body was  found at 4 o'clock in the ��������� afternoon.  When discovered he was lying on  his face, with a telephone wire under one of his boots, but as the  leather had not been sorched, it is  not probable that death had resulted  from this agency. The indications  were that'the lightning bad struck  him in tbe forehead, where tbe skin  was discolored and bruised, .and  that it had left him lower down on  the body, two big lumps having been  raised at this point. "  Coroner Kingston, and Constable  Stanfield were notified, and they  left at once for the scene of the accident. After making an investiga_  tion, Mr. Kingston decided that a ^  inquest was not necessary. .The  body- was taken to Nelson on the  Boundary yesterday, and the funer  al was held in that city today.*���������  Mr. Cummins was tbe elder  son  of Mr. and Mrs. H Colin Cummins,  men will have the Grand Forks and  Kootenay districts as his field of  operations' while there will be two  stationed in the section from Salmon  Arm to the Boundary. R. T. Boles,  well knwn, in the Okanagan as thoroughly efficient and experienced in  the fruit business, .will1 be one of  these inspectors.  Union services will be conducted  in the local Methoaist and Presbyterian churches during the vacations of. the respective pastors.  Services on the first four' Sundays in August, in both churches,  will be in charge of Rev. J. D. Hob-  den. The rule of alternate services  on alternate Sundays will be observed, and on Sunday next, August 1, Mr. Hobden will preach at  11 o'clock in the Presbyterian  church and at 7:30 p.m. in the  Methodist church. *Rev. M. D. Mc-  Kee will be in charge of the services  from the last Sunday in August.  B  SAVES A LIFE  Arthur B. Butterworth, a former  Phoenix boy, writes from the front  that he was wounded on June 26,  and is now a patient in No. 16 hospital, Boulogne, suffering from a  fractured leg and superficial injuries  to the other.  A reading room has been started  in the local military camp, and all  donations of magazines, or games,  will be greatly appreciated. ...Donors  will" kindly -leave the same at-R.  Petrie's store.  Tbe annual   general   meeting  of  the South Yale   Copper   Company,  who now live at Greenwood,- but for j Limited, will be held at the office of  many years resident of Nelson.    He  the company in this city   on   Satur  Trade in War Time  Soon after the war broke out,  says the Condon Telegraph, a friend  called on an English merchant, who  did a large Continental business.  "This ��������� war must have hit you  hard,', he ventured.      '    ��������� _...-.".  "Very hard," said the merchant.  "I've over $-10,000 owing me inGer-  many,and it's touch-and-go whether  I���������ever get a penny of it. titill, we've  got. to put up with something for  the country."  "I'm   glad   you   take it so cheerfully," said the friend  was 31 years of age, having been  born in Greenfell, Sask., in .1884.  In 1910 he was married to Miss  Vyvyan Bolton, daughter of Rev.  W. W. Bolton, of Victoria. He had  been in the employ of the West  Kootenay Power and Light company since 1903. He ieaves a widow  jand" two little daughters to mourn  his loss. ~  S OF Tl CITY  day, July at 3 o'clock.  The business of the Boundary  Trust & Investment Company, Ltd.,  was this week transferred to S. T.  Hull, who will continue the same at  the present office.  During the electrical storm   Wednesday   afternoon   lightning entered  the home of. J. \V.    Montgomery, a  "Well, of course there's profit and ' couple of .miles below the.   city, and  oss in war time.    1  owe $18,000 iu ' damaged the building and   wrecked  J. B. Tourtlotte, a business man  of Puyallup, Wash., visited at the  home of his brother-in-law, Eugene  Herrick, for a few days at the Valley view fruit ranch this week. Mr.  Tourtlotte was on his return journey  from a three months' visit to his  former home in Minneapolis.  Germany.  The Canadian government has  disposed -.of $40,000,000 treasury  notes to the United Stated, one and  two years, to be converted if desired  by the holders, into 20-year 5 per  cent debentures.  The Manitoba government will  enter suit to recover $1,500,000 from  the Kelly firm, money alleged to  have been wrongfully paid to the  firm, by the late Itoblin government, as contractors for the parliament buildings.  By an H'erwhelming majority of  fully 25,000 votes, the people of the  province   of   Alberta   have declared  : themselves in favor of prohibition,  burying the bar so deeply that there  . is no hope of its resurrection or any-  possibility of a dispute as to the  thoroughness of the job.  Phoenix will have a machine gun  day on August 4.  some of the furniture. The lightning entered the house by the chimney, which was wrecked. Three or  four of the joists in the ceiling were  shatlen d and the stove was badly  broken. There were live persons in  the house at the time the electric  vi.sitor played its pranks there, but  luckily every one escaped injury.  J. C. Galloway, who had sought  shelter in the house from the storm,  was sitting close to door, and the  lightning apparently made its exit  from the building directly under his  chair. He feels very fortunate in  escaping injury.  The Dominion department of  agriculture has decided to put on  three additional fruit inspectors for  the interior of the province this season. Their duties will commence  on the first of August, and they will  be experienced men who will act as  instructors as well as performing the  usual functions of inspecting fruit  previous to shipment.    One of these  Mrs. Wharton and family left on  Saturday for their future home in  Golden, B. O, where Mr. Wharton  is OP. R. roadmaster.  _v ^w.'i-j'JCO/Atf:..;..',.   ���������  'Billy Phillips,*!!"--younglad, had a.  narrow escape from drowning in the  Kettle river near Gilpin on .Wednesday.    With   his  companion,   Billy  McVicar,   he   attempted   to, swim  across the river at that point.    McVicar had long been of the opinion  that he  could  swim the river near  Gilpin, and while the two boys were  together he decided to make the attempt and  succeeded ���������in;swimming  to   tbe   opposite   shore   against    a  strong current.    Phillips did not intend   to   be   outdone   by his companion, and also made the attempt,  but with less success.    The   current  in the centre of  the  river  was  too  strong for him, and he was  carried  toward the rapids.    McVicar, seeing  his companion's   danger, before   regaining   his      wind,    immediately  plunged in and went to   the  rescue  of  Phillips,-   catching   him   in tbe  rapids and bringing him to shore in  an exhausted.    The residents of the  district believe that McVicar is entitled to a Carnegie hero medal, and  will   make   application for  one for  him.  Perfect Ignorance  The ignorance of one of our critics  of naval warfare, said the late Admiral Mahan, is hardly excelled by  the Zulu'3 ignorance of literature.  An American sea captain engaged  a Zulu boy for a servant. This boy,  seeing his master reading one day,  said:  "What part of the page, master,,  do you read���������the black part or the  white?"   '  A Great Effort  "Quiet children, quiet!" said the  German mother. "Father is tired  to death. He wrote a letter today  that will go so very far���������all tbe way  to America."  Miles Barrett, general foreman of  the Granby smelter, was removed to  the Cottage hospital on Saturday  uight and successfully operated on  for appendicitis. He is now rapidly  regaining bis customary health.  Knox Presbyterian Sunday school  annual picnic was held Wednesday  afternoon on Riverside avenue  across the Yale bride, opposite Dr.  Averill's residence. There was a  good attendance, although the rain  marred the festivities to a limited  extent.  Boston writer, the Granby company's old property in Phoenix is  producing 21,000,000 pounds of copper annually, and the output of both  plants must beat the rate of 48,000,-  000 pounds a year. On its present  volume of production, the company must be earning at the rate of  $27 a share for its stock in excess  of the amount required for bond interest.  Color-Sergt. P. Barker has received  a post cord, dated Montreal. July 20,  from T. Ritchie, saying that the  troops would be aboard the trans  ports that night. He added that up  to that time the boys had bad a  fine trip.  Mr. Walker, of Spokane, was  the guest of his brother-in-law, N.  L. MclnesB, for a few days this  week. Mr. Walker travelled in a  five-dassenger Pierce Arrow car.  Sergt. Peter Barker has received a  postcard from his brother-iu-law,  E. Sapple, who is on active service  at the Dardanelles, paying that he is  well.  While the city was in darkness  last night a citizen decided to "go  on a drunk" for the first time in a  year. When asked this morning  what caused him to "break out,",  he replied: "The lights were out,' Capt. S. G. Kirk has received a  and the people couldn't see me." j cablegram advising him of the safe  More light might save policemen's j arrival in England of Mrs. Kirk and  salaries. family.  Assuming a recovery of seventeen  pounds of  copper per  ton,   says  a  \^A  If a friend pulls his watch on your  funny story cut it short.  mummmA (THE-  SUN,   GRAND   FORKS.    B. C.  x   ��������� v  A GOOD CHEW IN A CLEAN-WRAPPER.  10 CENTS PER PLUG  /  Britain's Sea Lord  The-Best  Liked  and  Most Hated  Man  in the Service  The following story of Lord Fisher,  first sea lord of Lite .British admiralty*  and his work, .by "Ono Who Was [Tn-  der J-lim,"  is  reprinted  in  part from  'the Navy and Army:  On October ](), 191.-1; the secretary  of the admiralty issued the following  announcement: "Thc King has approved thc appointment of Admiral of  ths Fleet Lord Fisher of Kilverstoue  I.G.C.B., O.ll., G.C.V.O., LL.D., to be  first sea lord of thc admiralty in succession to Admiral [lis Serene Highness Prince Louis of Battenberg."  And thus was brought once again  into" active control of the fleet the  most remarkable man the navy has  produced for several generations- ' It  lias been the usual plan when writing  of Lord Fisher's career for writers'to  - confine themselves to later years aud  the great positions he has held; it is  proposed to divert somewhat from  that course and to deal with Fraser  thc man, hut first we will give a very  brief biographical sketch.  Lord Fisher was horn at Ceylon on  January 25, 18-11.'' His father was Captain William Fisher, TStli Highlanders  who, on his. retirement from the army, -  became a coffee planter. His mother  was Sophia, daughter of A. Lambe of  New Bond street. On June 13, JSo-f,  he joined the navy as cadet: January  l'5, 1S60, he was promoted to sub-lieutenant: November -1, lSt>6, lieutenant;  August 2, 186!). commander: October  30, 1S7-I, captain; August li, 1890. rear  admiral; May S, ISflG. admiral: December <1, admiral of the Jleet: January 25, 1910, retired from the position  of first sea lord; October 10, llU-l, reappointed first sea lord.  It is a peculiar fact that from his  earliest days Lord Fisher lias always  been a storm centre: certainly lie is  the best hated and best loved man of  which the modern navy has any record. To his service enemies he is  everything that is vile: to his service  believers he is just the reverse; to  his friends, ihose who know him personally, he is an entirely lovable person. Why, then, ws he a storm centre, and so thoroughly detested by a  Yery influential circle? The answer  lies in'the fact that the navy is an essentially conservative service. Lord  'Fisher was the very essence of progress, not a passive hut vigorously active progressivism, as witness what  is, I believe, his favorite aphorism:  "The true secret of successful administration is intelligent anticipation of  agitation. Don't wait for agitation!  Things have got to come���������������������������do them  yourself! and don't let them be forced  upon you-" That was Lhe policy,  backed up by an inexhaustible energy  and irresistible will, that created the  storms which ever hovered round his  head.  As a youngster, personality has little chance to show itself in the navy.  Lord-Fisher first came to the front  when he was first lieutenant of the  Warrior, in which ship he was  promptly dubbed by the sailormen  "Mad Jack," his "madness" being in  fact that he had a method of doing  things and handling men-not quite.in.  accordance with the stereotyped style.  It was evidently a method suited to  .the men's taste, for very shortly the  "mad" part of the sobriquet was dropped and he had become "Jackie,"  .which-he has never lost, and as  "Jackie", the navy knows him today,  [n 1869 he became commander of  the Ocean on the China station, where  again he soon became known for his  unconventional methods, and before  long "Jackie" Fisher was known right  through the navy. It was not till  1.3S0. however, that a signal mark of  distinction was conferred upon him.  He was appointed to follow the completion of H.M.S. Inflexible, the wonder ship of her day. On completion,  in 18SI. he commissioned her for service in the Mediterranean, where she  soon became the talk and envv of the  fleet.  The  Fnu>T.N"'->le    was an  ironclad-of  11.S00   tons     displacement,     carrying  four lG-in. muzzle loading rifled guns  in two turrets placed en echelon-   But  still  hanging grimly to  the  past, (he  bord of that day had  lilted  her with  masts and sails,    which  were utterly } fall  and  useless to her.    But at sail drill and : Stewart  all  thcr evolutions  .she  soon  become i  the smartest ship in the fleet, also excelling at boat   pulling  and all  other  sports.    Captain  Fisher had a routine  of his    own;    instead of turning the  whole of the watch    when at sea, mustering them   round    tho  capstan and  then letting them lie ahoiit the damp  decks for four hours,    only the men  for   duty   ("tricks"  and   so  on)   were  turned out, the rest of the men being  allowed     to     remain     in   their  hammocks;    other   drastic    modifications \  were  also   made   in   tlio    stereotyped '  routine of the day. !  In 1897 he was appointed command- j  or-in-chief of our North American and -'  tho West  Indies station, choosing i.s '  his flagship H.M.S. Renown. The  comparative leisure of the post enabled him to devote serious thought to  tho future manning (officers) ot the  navy. On May ill, 1902, he became  second sea lord, and responsible for  the personnel  of thc  fleet.  On July i. 1899, he became commander-in-chief of the Mediterranean  station, the. Renown following him  and still retaining his flagslv'p. i On  May I, 1902, he relinquished this com  mand, and on May 11! became second  sea lord. On August ,'11, 190". he he-  came- commander-in-chief at Portsmouth, aud on October 20, 1904, he  returned to -the -admiralty, this time  as first sea lord.  Tn 1906 came    his two great creations���������the   "Dreadnought"     and     the  battle    cruisers    Invincible, Inflexible-  and Indomitable, and it was here (hat  he showed all the guile of his nature.  The    triple  expansion    engine   -had  reached its maximum, and he wanted  more speed- The turbine was the only  thing that could give it.    So far we  had turbines in only   one small cruiser, H.M.S.  Amethyst,    and he knew  that" to make the plunge right away  by placing them in a 19,000 ton battleship would    raise a storm���������here was  the experience of the water-tube boiler still vividly before him. and so he  centred public attention on her guns,  when, after all, the move to all 1.2 in.  was only a small and natural development from the four 12 in. and ten 9.2  in. of the Lord Nelsons. However, the  gun   stood   him   in   good   stead,, and  even    to this clay thc public believe  that her guns were the Dreadnought's  great feature,  and  turbines  have too  solidly proved their worth for anyone  to attack him on that score today, ���������_ et  that was  the most daring plunge he  ever made, and it says something for  his persuasive powers that ho carried  his  colleagues  Avith  him.  The battle,  cruisers were specially denounced as  the creations  of a lunatic. '���������Gunpowder and speed," said Fisher, "are going to win tho battles of the future.  \Vait  till   war  comes  and  the  battle j  cruiser will justify itself."  Tn January, 190C, he was due to re-  'tire under the age clause for admirals, but on December -1, 1905, he was  made admiral of the fleet, Avhich gave  him another live years���������stormy years  they were to be,' but he Avanted to  complete his life's work. On December 7, 1909, he was created Lord Fis'i-  er of Kilverstone, and on January .1,  IfilO,- turned his office over to Sir A.  K. Wilson, and retired, as he then  thought, to spend the evening of his  days  in   peace  and  quietness.  But fate willed that the prose of his  retirement should be broken, and on  October 10, 1914, just exactly ten  years all but ten days since he first  became first sea lord, he was -called  back at the age of 74 to shoulder ihe  responsibility of a world war.'Uncomplainingly he came, to the immense  satisfaction of the nation All that is  best in the navy of today is the creation of his hand and brain.  ! A Good System  i  i ���������������������������  i C.P  R.    Invites     Suggestions      From  Employees,  With-Good   Results  |     The   recent  circular  issued   to   em-  ��������� ployees of the C.P.R. asking for sug-  | gestions  on   ihe  improvement  of  the  ! service   has certainly "struck oil," for  | suggestions have poured in until the  I committee   which   investigated   these  has at limes, been almost snowed under.   However, each idea has received  careful and individual attention, being  referred  to  the heads of the departments    concerned,    and    adopted  or  otherwise according to    its merits or  practicability.    Some ideas have been  adopted    and    those    who suggested  them'' have  so  much  to  their  credit.  Indeed promotion has already followed iu several instances and in others  promotion is coming Avlienever the opportunity offers.    In    so complex an  organization   as  a railway,  there  are  many angles or point of view.  Some  minds  untrammellei.   by  routine seas  an  opening for improvement where (he  man    on the actual job goes by precedent. ''An operating official    whose  work compels him to travel may have  pointers    on   the  treatment  of  passengers   which  lie   gains  by  personal  experience.    Tdeas    from* other countries   may     be- adapted   to   Canadian  conditions, and may be suggested by  a   clerk   avIio   has     immigrated   from  Europe  or  the   United  States.    It  is  a good  thing that there should be a  melting  pot   for   the    ideas    of   the  C.P-R.'s hundred thousand employees.  m  W������AFl A TRUSS.  /  . Brooks' Appliance. Xew  discovery. AVondei fill. jS'o  obnoxious ' spiin KS or  Ij.-idri. Automatic Air Cushions. Binda and draws  thc broken parts together  as you would a broken  limb. No halves. No plasters. No lies. Durable,  cheap.   Sent  on trial to  prove'it.    Full information and  booklet FREE.  C. E. BROOKS. 2063 Slate St., Marshall, Mich.  Effects of War  Of brave deeds done upon the battlefield, amid the thunder of cannon,  the crip.6 of wounded and dying, of  heroes of the V.C., ar.d great generals  who rose frot-; riuisil beginnings, ihe  It-aclK-r    told    h.:r   class,   firing them  for  their     Mother  cried  father  fight  one  was  the  Pasture Management  The  Tread   of  Cattle   is   Life  to  Good  Grass  Pasture management can be summed up almost in a sentence: Feed  on the grass, in winter, if possible;  feed evenly all over the sod- The tread  of the beast is life to the good grass.  Take stock all off before grass starts  in spring and let it come up to be a  strong, full bite. Stock (hcn,was much  as the pasture Avill carry, and preferably with mixed animals���������sheep, cattle and horses- Thus it is all grazed  down evenly. A better'plan may be to,  divide the'pastures and to separate"  the animals, letting the fattening cattle have the first bite, the sheep following, aud after them the horses.  Once in the year it is no doubt wise  to graze the land quite close in order  'to subdue the weeds that might spring-  up. Ai'ter the close-grazing it should  be allowed to con. ��������� again,���������Jos. E.  Wing.  "You must have good cattle and put  themj'n good grass. There must not  he too many cattle- The grass must  be coming all the time, and if it is  gaining on the cattle, all the better.  Then you get fine, fat, export steers  in the autumn and thc extra grass  left over goes to th: young cattle for  Avith   enlhusiam  Couiitry.  "Please, miss.'  excitedly,    "my  Boer  war."  "And   did    he   fight  in  any  of  battles?"  inquired  the mistress.  "Oh, yes," answered the little maid.  " 'E was at- Gfraspan. . an' Modeler  River, an' Pardyburg, an'���������  "And was he ..wounded in any of  them?" pursued tne  teacher.  The little girl's.face fell.  '"JSTo,   miss,     he   wasn't   wounded."  she replied.    "But,    please,    miss,  'e  'ad a awful 'eadache."  early  of Vir  winter  :ririia.  pasture."���������Gov.  Able  to  h  andle  It  1  '.Mi  .  Paste is the  onlv  man  in  our  block  ,i.,..'"  wiio   doesn't  dre;  d     oh  'ption  'lloW.s that?  ������������������  *  ���������\Vc  ���������II, the- Ij,  tllot  is any where  from  SIX  to  ten feel  loan'  no wm  lays, 1  ur he  US  a  Kiperhanger.  f  o   he  isn't  ���������  i I'm id  tl.)  tac  kle it."  A   Sharp   Distinction  A merited report is not always a  retort courteous. The rebuke that  Avas administered to a party of. intruding tourists by the old Avatch-  man who Avas set to guard the ruins  of College Hall at YVellesley not  long after the great fire, conveyed  a keen but subtle reproach.  "Ye've got to keep put!" he-ordered gruffly, Avhenlie caught them  trying."to slip under the ropes that  surrounded the crumbling walls.  The inquisitive visitors paused and  eyed first the ruins and then their  determined guardian.  "See here," a callow -youth accosted him, "we're willing to rlslc it.  and Ave'Il take all the responsibility.  What do you care if we lose our  lives?" ���������������������������-������������������  "Ye've got to keep out. I ain't  thinkin' of your lives: I'm thinkin" of  me job."  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dnsf and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  1*3 fyc Hcmedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Ey8  6nIveinTubes25c. ForBookofflicEyeFreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago  W- N. U. 1057  The skipper had completely lost his  bearings on a dark, stormy night, and  ho took an observation of tha stars.  Then he consulted the dirty old chart  which the tramp carried.  "Look here!" he said to the first  mate, "if that's the Miill of Kintyre,  Ave're all nghf, but if it's an ink spot,  then heaven help us!"  Hov/s This ?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  F.   .T.   CHEXRY   &   CO..   Toledo,   O.  We. the undersigned, have known F.  .1. Cheney for the In.: 15 year.", and believe him perfectly li net - In all business  transactions and financially able to carry  out nnv r.bllsatlons made by his linn.  NATIONAL, BAXK  OF COMMERCE.  Toledo, O.  S-'aU't: Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally,  aeilriK directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces r>f lhe system. Testimonials  sent free. Price 75 cents per bottle.  Sold   br  all  drtr,';Msts.  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  Thc Kaiser's Name  Teacher���������Yes,  the  ruler  of .1  is called the Czar.    Now, what  ruler of Germany  called?  Young Bill���������Please, miss, I  what mc father called him,  don't like to tell you.���������London  Mail.  tussia  is the  know  but I  Daily  Bill���������I've just acquired a  carpet sweeper and talking  ' Dill���������Married  it, eh?  combined  n io chine.  Must Have Milk For Baby     .  An Austrian baby,.-which had been  deserted by its parents, has been  adopted -by a Russian regiment.  Tha baby is looked ai'Ler by a gigantic Tchuvash soldier from the  Volga,' who on the strength of residence in thc United .States, professes to be an expert nurse.  Hearing that milk was to be had  in the enemy's camp, the Tchuvash  made an excursion there at midnight.  The Austrians shot him through  the fleshy part of the leg and took  him prisoner; but ,on learning Avhat  his mission Avas they gave him milk  and then  'ent him back.  The baby is called, after the Grand  Duke,  Commander-in-chief.  Pills- That Have Benefited Thousands.���������Known far and near as a sure  remedy in the -treatment of indigestion and all derangements 'of" tha  stomach, liver and kidneys, Parme-  lee's Vegetable Pills have brought relief to thousands when other specifics  have failed, innumerable testimonials  can be produced to establish thc. truth  of this assertion. Once tried they  will be found superior to all other  pills in the treatment of the ailments  for which they are prescribed.  A London teacher asked her clas's  to write an essay on the metropolis.  Later she" was surprised to read the  following in  one  attempt:  "The peopel of Loudon are noted  f' ��������� their stupidity." ,       t  The young author was asked how  he got the idea.  "Please, miss," Avas 11.e reply, ,"it  says in the text book, the 'population-  of London is verv dense!' "  Prisoner���������They say, Time waits for  no man!  Judge (passing sentence)���������Quite a  mistake. There's three months wait-  ins 'for you!  G.T.P.   Changes  Advices received at the Gran a  Trunk ��������� Pacific railway headquarter?  announce as acting superintendent or  E- Brooks as acting superintendent ol.  motive power Avith headquarters at  Transcona, vice Mr. ,T. Dillingham, resigned. It is also announced that the ���������.  jurisdiction of Mr. W. C. G. Mehan.  general superintendent of Grand  Trunk' Pacific line::- west ot Prince  George, has been extended to include  the territory between Prince Gcorgp  and Edmonton.  v       Barnyard   Society  "Well, dear me," chirped the young  lady just- out of finishing school.  "What if.- it?"  "Here is an old -ken chaperoning ������:  "whole seminary of chickens." ~  ������^jiiMiHL*i'MiuM*-'rag������������������y������MM  f0Pi  <$������������<*������>������������������-<���������  rf ���������"W^  J  ssr*yy-  GARE means oil���������g-ood oil and plenty of it.  The-  fa'rm lubricants manufactured by The'Imperial  Oil Company have, been proved absolutely reliable by years of use in the hands of farmers throughout thc Northwest.  manufactured expressly for use on steam tractors and stationary  steam engines, gives maximum lubrication.  Standard Gas Engino Oil is adapted to all typea of internal  combustion engines, including- both gasoline and oil burning  tractors. *  Prairie Harvester Oil, age.ncral utility oil for farm machinery.  Thresher Hard Oil, a high grade cup grease for use on separators and other farm machinery^  Eldorado Castor Oil, a heavy oil for farm machinery, especially adapted for loose-fitting'and Avorn bearing.-:,  Arctic Cup Grease, made in seven grades to meet varying  conditions.  Aik fo" our lubricants in steel barrels equipped .with faucets���������  the clean, economical method of handling oils on the farm.  Branch  Stations Throughout  THE   IMPERIAL OIL  Limited  Made in  the Dominion  COMPANY  Canada  i&gm^msssm*  IMSp  He  Gave   it  up  An English "Tommy," while stationed iu a Flemish villago, wauled to  buy a toothbrush. Being unable to  speak either French or Flemish, he  could not manage to make the people  understand what he wanted. After  several unsuccessful attempts, he hit  on a brilliant, idea, and, -entering a  little shop, lie proceeded to imitate the  action of brushing his teeth.  At first the old dame shook her  head, then her face suddenly lit up  with a smile. Placing a ladder against  tlie wall, she searched for several  minutes in some cardboard boxes on  a top shelf. She at last found whit  she wanted, and triumphantly handed  him, not a toothbush, but a Jew's harp.  Tit-Bits.  Hauling Stuff to Market  It is reasonable prophesy thai  within the next ten years most of'the  large cities will be supplied to a greai,  extent Avith products from tlie surrounding ciintry hauled in by motor-  driven trains over splendid highways'.  This is already the case in Londot  and Paris, and the cost of hauliug has;  been reduced in such cases to as lou  as four cents :>or to \ per mile.  Each little truck farm in the neighborhood of London has its car, Avhict  is filled during the night Avith' products intended for market. Early nexi  morning a powerful tractor picks vty  these individual cars from each farm,  and delivers the produce at market  returning with such supplies as the  farmers need from  town.���������Leslie's. ���������  Give Best Service  See the Agent  W  <���������  ������'T  mmmmmmmmssmmssmmm /  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    R. C.  P  a  Constipation  Prompt Relief- ���������Permanent Cure  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS never  .fail.   Purely ycget-  ���������b'le���������act surely  lut gently oa  llie.liver.'  . Stop after  dinner  distress���������i  <ure indigestion��������� improve the complexion���������brighten  She eyes. Small Pitt, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  I  HOME  STUDY  Arts Courses only.  SUMMER  SCHOOL  JCIY nnd AVtiVtiV  y  5  UNIVERSITY-  .kingston, ONTARIO  ARTS'-   EDUCATION       MEDICINE  SCHOOL OF MINING  MINING "5  CHEMICAL MECHANICAL  CIVIL ���������     SLECTRICAL  ENGINEERING   ���������  GEO. X. CHOWN, ReKiBtrar  Dye from Tanbark  MOTHERS!  Don't  fall   to orocuro  MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Gums,  Allays the Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  is the  Best  Remedy   for Infantile  Diarrhoea.  /  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A   OTTLE  Search Caused by War Shortage  Results- in   Discovery   ot. Cheap  ^     Substitute  .-One of the first results of the quest  ot'chemists'.for substitutes for dyes  made  in   Germany  is  sulphur  black  derived from so-called exhausted tan  bark.     One   of  the   best  known   re-  ���������seurch-men in this1 city, a member of  'the Chemists' club, has derived some  very satisfactory black dye from the  inexpensive   source     mentioned,   the  basis of which is connected with tannic acid- ���������  At the laboratorj it was said that  the inventor for^whoni the researches  have been conducted by the chemist  for the last few months does not care  at this time to make the. formal announcement over his name pending  certain trade arrangements and further experiments. He believes that he  will be able soon to improve the process greatly and present an American  fast'black which will be of great  value to textile manufacturers and at  moderate cost.  '���������  . Although considerable quantities of  dye-stuffs have been coming out of  Germany the indications are that  there will be a shortage this summer  and the chances for the coming year  are -^dubious. Tho sulphur black substitute is especially adapte.: for cot-  "ton.  Archil, a vegetable eye which gives  to avooIs varying shades of red and  brown, according, to the sLrength of  tlie decoration made from it, has been  found in largo quantities in Lower California. Further information concerning it may "'e obtained from the Mexl-  can.consuls.Jhe plant from which the  dye is obtained "ft worth about $25 a  ton. "The supply is said.to be enormous.  Several 'corporations have retained  chemists to work out dyestuff problems. Many branches of the dye industry in this country, have been in a  state of suspended animation owing to  the ability of the Germans Avith low,  priced yet-efficient technical help and  ch^ap labor lo produce"products at  prices with which Americans could  not compete. New processes are being developed in the laboratories of  American-engineering chemists, however, which will lead soon to important developments.���������Ncav ' York Herald-  i0i������������a^MMijiui^juiinaai^gry*^ya]ygy|a������mii!qT  15SSSBBWSaS>Sgmmi^^XISSK^geSiSSWU^VS^SSS,Z  I  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS,  Something- better than linen and big  laundry hills ' Wash It Nwtth soap and  water. All stores or direct. Slate style  ������nd size. For ?5c we will mail you  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  Limited  68 Frasor Avenue, Toronto, Ontario  (E NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Not. Wo2. H41  freat success, cukes chronic weakness, lost vigor  VIU. KIDNEY, BLADDEK. D1SEASBS. BLOOD POISON.  SILKS. EITHER NO. DRUGGISTS or MAIL Si. POST 4 CTS  7.0UGKIIA CO. <M.'BEEKMAK ST. NEW YOU* or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO.    WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLEKO  Mr.o.Co, MaverstockRd.ijawpstead. London. Bno.  !T*YNEWDRAUKE(TASTELESS>FORMOF    EASY TO TAIB  TMERAP10N-:s������.i������W  (ZS THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THERAPION ' IS OK  BJUT.OOVT.STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKETS.  A pleasant medicine for children is  Mother -Graves' Worm-Exterminator,  and there"sis nothing better for driving worms from the system.  KEEP THE MEN  When Hubby "Lights Up"  for his after-dinner smoke, be  sure he has a match which  will give him a steady light,  first stroke���������Ask your Grocer  for  ii  ??  One of their many Brands  LOSSES  SURELY PREVENTED  liy   Cutttr'i   Blackloo   Pills.     I.ow-  prirud, fresh,  reliable: preferred by  Western stockmen because they protect    wherj    othor    vaccines    fall.  Wrlto for booklot nnd testimonials.  10-dota pkjn. Blackleg Pills $1.00  30-dojo pkge. Blackleg Pills   4.0O  TIso any injector, but Cutter's beat,  ffho superiority of Cuttor products Js due to orcr IB  7������ar������ of specializing In vacclnf3 and serums only.  I mist on Cutter's.   If unobtainable, order direct.  7HE  CUTTER   LABORATOflY.   Bcrkeloy,   Californfa.  Well Mated  Thc Turkish policy has always been  to make.-, other people subject to the  rule 'of Islam, or put them to the  sword. The present war has brought  together seme strangely assorted peoples in a common cause, but the partnership of "the unspeakable Turk"  with the character of Germanic spirit  that seems to be dominating"the nation's course in the presenUconflict  appears to be most fitting' and appropriate. In the language of the street,  when, it:comes to unspeakability, the.  unspeakable Turk has "got nothing"  on the unspeakable Germans, as the  latter's wholesale assassination of the  men, women and children Who were  blown to their death with the destroying of the Lusitania sets forth.���������Boston Traveller.  AMES HOLDEN' McCREADY LIMITED,  "���������/Canada's largest shoe manufacturers, supplied, Avithin thirty-three days, 32,217 palr3 of  leather ankle boots and 30,000 pairs of canvas  -shoes for the outfitting of tho First Canadian  Contingent, tho largest quantity supplied by  any manufacturer.-  These boots were worn by our soldiers on  active service.both in this country'and In the  training camps in England. They wero subjected to the most severe usage that boots  could be subjected to. .They travelled over  rough roads and smooth. They waded through  mud and through slush past all description.  They were soaked by the never-ceasing rains  of an abnormally wet English winter. They  were baked on hot stoves, grilled on steam  radiators and roasted before open fires. Yet,  ' THEY STOOD THE TEST.  Out of the entire 32,217 pairs of leather  boots supplied by this company only a single  pair was shown to be open to criticism when  the Government enquiry was made six months  later.  Experts employed by the Government examined 1365 pairs and 348 odd boots made by  various- manufacturers. Among tho number  were found only seven pairs of boots of Ames  Holden McCready -manufacture, of which five  were found to be repairable, one pair unrenair-  able, and ��������� ONE PAIR HAD A SOLE UNDER  GAUGE.  The best proof of the durability and service- '  ability of the Ames Holden McCready boots,  however, was afforded by the sworn statements of soldiers who had worn those boots  constantly from tho time they were issued In  September, 1914, right through to March, 1915.  They swore that they had worn tho boots  through all the rough experiences at Valcar-  tier and on Salisbury Plain and that they  had given excellent service throughout Sergeant Nussey, of Toronto, who had served  twelve years in the British Army, appeared before the Committee with a pair of such boots  still on his feet and submitted them to the  committee's inspection.  The' testimony of these witnesses has since  been amply corroborated by numerous reporto  and letters received from officers and soldiera  at tho front all testifying to the good -wearing  qualities of the'Ame3 Holden McCready boots.  ���������>    *   *   *  When the question was raised concerning  the quality of the Canadian soldiers' boots,  Ames Holden McCready Limited placed themselves IMMEDIATELY upon record, by writing  to the Government, as desirous of having tha  most thorough investigation of the matter. The  appointment of a Parliamentary Committee and  the .official enquiry followed. It occupied several weeks' time. The Committee stopped at  nothing in their efforts to get at all the facts.  This Company purchased the best leather  and supplies available in Canada and spared no  expense in manufacturing the boots. All our  invoices, .and shop arid manufacturing records  ���������were produced before tho.Parliamentary Committee for their inspection and Information.  We had nothing to hide and were proud of tho  boots which were furnished to the Government.  THE AMES HOLDEN McCREADY BOOTS  CAME OUT OF THE ORDEAL UNSCATHED.  The Committee reported to Parliament tha,t  tho boots supplied by thia company substantially complied with the sample, that no paper  or other fraudulent substances had been employed In their manufacture and that all  charges involving the integrity of this company  or of the boots supplied by them had been  abundantly disproven by the sworn evidence  taken before the Committee.  The report, which was adopted hy Parliament, was A COMPLETE VINDICATION FOR  AMES HOLDEN McCREADY LIMITED.  *    *    *    ������  In bringing these facts prominently before)  tho people of tho Dominion, Ames Holden  McCready Limited are actuated by the desire  not only to protect their own good name ���������  which needs no vindication with the thousands  of Canadians who are familiar with this company and its products ��������� but also that of a  notable and Important Canadian industry,  which has been unwarrantably aspersed.  ������  MONTREAL  EDMONTON  TORONTO  VANCOUVER  WINNIPEG  DE LORIMIER   -  ST. JOHN  ST. HYACINTHE  *.������WJliai^llMWJ.Ji^imargt������������^������JTJaw^^  LAUNDRY STARCH  means perfect starching, *  whether used for sheer  Laces, dainty Dimities, delicate fabrics, Lace Curtains  or Table  Linens.  "Silver  GSoss"  has been the  favorite in the  homeformore  than SO years  ATGROCERS  lbs Canada Starch  Co. Limited  King   for  a   Week  Here is a tale which is well vouched  for. When Ypres was first bombarded  early in November we withdrew our  troops from the town, but did not remove the civil population. There was  one British private who did not leave  with the rest, for ho was asleep in a  cellar- Next morning he awoke to find  Ypres without.any authority and he  set about governing it himself. He  kept eleven citizens under iron discipline, had looters shot at sight, and  though himself inclined to the bottle,  prevented drunkenness in others.  They called him "Be Roi d'Ypres,"  but his kingship lasted only a week.  A callous court martial tried him,  found his efforts in the cause of order had been good and forgave his  other delinquencies.  m^i^mm^smmi^^m^^m^^S^^^iM^^^  MOTHERS OF LITTLE ONES  No mother of young children should  be without a box of Baby's Own Tablets. The Tablets are mother's best  friend and are as good as a doctor in  the house- Concerning them Mrs. F.  Wurger, Ingersoll, Ont., writes: "I  have used Baby's Own Tablets for the  past eight years and would not be  without them. I can highly recommend them to all mothers of young  children." The Tablets are sold by  medicine dealers or by mail at 25  cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  "The sentence, 'My father had  money,' is in the past tense," explained the teacher. "Now, Mary,  7/hat- tense would you b'e speaking  in ,<f you saici, 'My father lias  money'?"  "Huh, that would be pretense," replied. Mary soberly.  Averaged Weil  "And did you make a good portrait  of tlie general?"  "I must have. Half the critics say  I did the uniform well. The other  half praise the face." ���������>  %  Minard's  Friend.  Liniment,     Lumberman's  Applied in  5 Seconds  Sore, blistering feet  from corn-pinched  toes can be cured by  Putnam's Extractor in  24 hours. "Putnam'C soothes away  that drawing pain, eases instantly,  makes the foet feel good at once. Get  \ 25c bottle of "Putnam's today.  W. N. U. 1057  "How does the breakfast suit you,  John?" inquired the young bride, anxiously.        '   '      ,  "It's just right, dearest," said her  husband, "It may be plebeian, but I'm  awfully fond of calves liver for breakfast."  "So am I, dear," said the wife. "Oh,  John, don't you think it would pay us  to keep a calf? Thou we could have  liver   every  morning  for   breakfast."  Farm Buildings  If you ar^ thinking of remodelling  old barns or building new ones, start  early in the summer. Do your present  barns not need more light, better ventilation, mora sanitary floors, or some  repairs? A thorough cleaning and  whitewashing after cattle are on pasture means greater comfort and fewer  flies about buildings all summer. Plan  to give the barnyards the necessary  cleaning, drainage and gravelling as  soon as possible.  Perfect Heat For Any Kind of Cooking  STRIKE a match���������in less than a minute thc NEW  PERFECTION Oil Cookstove is giving full, easily  regulated heat for any kind of cooking.  The NEW PERFECTION gives you, too, a cool, comfortable  kitchen. No smoke, no odor, no coal, ashes or kindlings. Let  your hardware dealer show you thc NEW PERFECTION today,  in the 1, 2, 3 and 4 burner sizes. If he can't supply you, write  us direct.  A ,-  >l'\Mr^( "NOW SERVING  PERfEcpOtf  ,���������������������  OI^OOI<jmYES  THE IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  BRANCHES IN   s������k     ALL CITIES  ItOYALITEOIL  GIVUS  BliST RESULTS  It Has Many Qualities-���������The man  who possesses a bottle of Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil is armed against many  ills. It will cure a cough, break a  cold, prevent sore throat; it will reduce the swelling from a spraiu, cure  the most persistent sores and will  speedily heal cuts and contusions. It  is a medicine chest in itself, and can  be got for a quarter of a dollar.  Weary Willie���������Meandering Mike  worked a hull day last week.  Dusty Rhoados���������Yep; ain't it awful  what some people'll do for money?  Mildred���������Don't you think Miss Elderly looks much younger in her new  hat? /  I-lelen���������Indeed I do. Why, Mildred,  it makes her look but very little older than she says she is.  The Mistress���������I shall fake one of  tho children to church with me this  morning, Mary.  The General���������Yes'm;   which?  Thc Mistress���������Oh, whichever will  go host with my new mauve dress.  Waiter���������Oh, yes, sir!���������tlie fish is  quite fresh. It was caught this morn  ing.  Soldier���������Go   on.     That   was   never  caught���������it gave itself up:  Minard's   Liniment   used   by   Physicians.  James, what is an optimist?  A guy who looks at tlie March  weather and says, "Well, it can't last  much longer, anyway."  mgumummrai THE   SUN, . GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Wedding  Presents  .Let us help you pick that  Present you are going to  give. We have a beautiful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  A, D, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS/B.C.  Gilt? (SranftSfarfca gam  G. A. Evans. Editor and Publisher  8UB80KIPTION HATES I  0 io Yeur   $1.50  Ono Year (in advance)  1.00  One Year, in United States  1.60  Address all communications to  Thb Gka.vd .Forks Sun.  1'hone R74 Gkano Forks, B.C  FRIDAY, JULY 30,   19L5  TUK MAN BEHIND   THE   -  GUNNER  The machine gun movement  in Canada has developed into  a regular crusade. All the  big centres of population-have  volunteered these-quick-firers  not in singles and doubles but  bv the dozen, like Vancouver,  Victoria, Winnipeg,- or like  ,Hamilton, with its 100; aifd  Toronto, Kingston, Montreal,  Ottawa and other cities have  not been slow to do their part  in this movement towards a  quieker backing of the military with more effective supply of munitions.  ���������Nor are the smaller cities  and towns behind in giving  their share of support to the  empire's supreme need with  one or more rapid-lire guns.  Fraternal, and even religious  organizations, as well as mercantile and manufacturing con  cerns, Avith not a few indi-  eicluals, have contributed one  or more guns of this type.  And some, like the railway  mail clerks, have offered the  gun with the men to man it.  The 15,000 machine guns reported given already is an indication of what the people of  Canada mean in their demand  for quick action on,the part of  the powers that be in the matter of manufacturing munitions and mustering men for  the final "drive."  One skilful man with one  . of these rapid-firers, of from  eight hundred to one thousand shots per minute, is as  good as a thousand riflemen  in stopping the enemy. This,  true not of all but of many situations, has been demonstrated  many times in the last six  months; and, if the machine  gun campaign had been inaugurated six months ago, as  it will be in the next six  weeks, the war would be over  today and thc dreadful  slaughter of the world's best  men ended, and the misery of  whole armies of women and  children would be over.  The machine gun in the  hands of the unspeakable  Turk only last week, in delaying, with terrible effect and  loss upon the British landing  forces, in the-Dardanelles, is  an example.  When will the long delayed  "drive" of our allied forces  take place and our brave men  "cleave their way to victory?"  Neither the big gumman nor  the rifleman, with his cold-  steel rushes, have an answer.  Witness the conflict, long  drawn out, around Warsaw,  on to Constantinople and with  Calais in view.    Big guns and  little guns, with the bravest  and best of gunners, have not  stopped the enemy as it" is  claimed by military authorities  the light machine gun has  clone and will do yet.   .  Whatever others have done,  the machine that is to finally  break the inhuman "war machine" and stop the invader  of national and individual  rights and preperty, is the  light rapid-firer-. This is the  verdict of men who ought to  know.  Grand Forks and thc whole  Boundary district have responded nobly to thc urgent  call to multiply the effective  service of our brave defenders  and hasten the time" of peace.  The response, even to the  women and others who ordinarily are expected to stand  aside from such active service  in backing the man behind thc  gun, has been all but universal.  From all classes of society  has poured in this voluntary  service that will speak more  loudly and more potently for  the powers that be for peace  than some few surface-thinking ones dream.  ���������"*���������  Sir Wilfrid Laurier put the need  for recruits before the young men of  Ottawa with his customary felicity  of phrase when he said: "The privilege is yours, .young men, of risking  your lives that your country may  live'and that freedom may not disappear from the earth " Speeches  such as those of the Liberal chieftain and the Hon. Martin Burrell  put the emphasis in the right place,  and are likely to do far more effective service in attracting recruits  than the coercive methods suggested  in some communities.���������Toronto  Globe.  The British-workers on tho Clyde  Who struck, nor eared a toys,      ,  Have earned the right to wear with pride  The Kaiser's Iron Cross.  The teachers of tbe province attending the summer sehool at Victoria have decided ro donate a machine gun to the empire.  Men, MacDougall it MacDonald  are opening up a new clothing and  furnishing store iu the old stand occupied by the Mann Drug company  next door to the British Columbia  Telephone company. It would pay  you fo give them a call, and you  will'.find, they carry the best and  cheapest line in town. Watch for  their opening days, which will be  announced later.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and district first..  Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping 6gures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January  42,211  February  63,091  March  69,948  Agril  85,382  May 100,693  June  103,004-  Total 464,329  The Sun is tbe largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries'.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merfly on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to'secure sub-  sccribers.  . The weekly market will be held  on Second street,, between Bridge  street and.Winnipeg avenue, tomor-.  row forenoon.  Pays for The  m%������F^& Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary country  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  y"^ Gait Coal Now  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TetiEPHOKKs;  Office, Rfi6 Ffpst StPPPf  HAN8F.f.'s Residence.R38 ������.������������������ ".Got  Yale  Barber  Shop  *��������� Kazor Honlnu a Specialty.  AUTO LIVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at  the    -  All .Hours  at  Model Livery Barn  Burns .$ O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  THE  LONDOtfDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  tho   world   to  communicate direct with Knprllsh  MANUJFx\CTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of srood"!. Besides being-a complete commercial guide to London ami Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of '  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with tho Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading; Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlrtrger advertisements from $15,  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel. First Strekt.  How to Address the Soldiers  " In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front arid to insure  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office department requests thtit all  mail be addressed as follows:  Rank   Name   Regimental number   Company,squadron or other unit..  Battalion   Brigade   First  (or second) Canadian  contingent   British expeditionary force   Army Post Office,  London, England.  Wkite Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet,  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made four  ontries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups. '  Eggs from   the  above are $2.00  for   15, and special prices  given  on more than 15.  W^ite Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making five entries, 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these mated up  at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White-Leghorn cockerel.  Egirs $1.00 for 12.  S/C.rHfNN:lSijR.  WILL SELb Y0U:;   ���������  ���������������������������Our Best Flour, 100lbs......... .$3.75  "       "      "    50 lbs..........   2.00        \  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs...........   3.50  "������������������."      50 lbs...........    1,85  The name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street  Grand Fork������. B. C.  EAT MARKE  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  GRAND BQRKS,  E.E.W- MILLS WkTS  mers an  When doing that-work in Franklin and Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet Your Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store, a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FDNRLEY, Prop.  '\! THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  n  LIBERALPLAT  iThe following is the platform of the  ..Liberalparty - of   British . Columbia,'  which principles we  pledge  ourselves  to bring into  operation , when elected  to power:  ��������� 1���������Free Lands  fob   Settlers���������  ��������� None for Speculators,    (a) We   be-,  lieve that agricultural land   should be  disposed of only on such conditions as  will insure its continuous use   and occupation.  (b) We will utilize as far. as ra'ct-  eable the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  the " agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary.  (c) Free homesteads to actual settlers. Holders ������of pre-emptions to be  given benefit of "this provision.:,  (d) Advances to settlers on easy  terms to'assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all  accessible   agricultural lands.to be rapidly completed  and  survey  sheets" and all necessary,  information to be made easily' available tothe public. .  (f) Settlemeni en-block to be dis  couraged by the removal of reserves  which scatter population and greatly  increase the cost of roads,- schools and  other nacessary .facilities.  (g) No public lands for the speculator.  2���������Transportation, (a) Cooperation with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection betwoen  the railway systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland. - *    -  (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled by the .government to  give direct communication by the best  ��������� route as to grades and distances between the Similkameen and other  interior points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the provincial credit to assist lines .that will open  up new territory.  (d) We oppose prouincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.  (e) Abolition of the system of giv-  fng away crown lands for townsites,"  iree of taxation . and under railway-  control.      ..%...    ��������� .     ....',..  (f) All francises for the construction, operation, and(ownership or leasing of government aided roads to be  open to public competition.  (g) The province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction.  (h) The prevention of over-capitalization of railways.  (i) Aid to railways not to exceed  what is reasonably necessary to secure  construction.  (j) .Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls of all government-aided roads to be under the  jurisdiction of the Dominion railway  commission.  (k) With a view to meeting the  demand for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (1) The people to control the railways, and riot the railways the people.  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve' the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey, cruising and valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  ment  before   alienation,'and the disposal of all. such-lands by public competition to actual'users.  '(c) Improved methods 'of preventing timber wastej and systematized reafforestation. "      ..  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant.  ,(e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods.  4���������Public. Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but leased under conditions  to~be fixed periodically by the legisla:  ture.  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to the protection of the consuming public.  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory board in educational-matters, such as exists in all  other provinces.  (b) The present school, curriculum  is' so ��������� overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  (c) Thc increase of manual and  agricultural training. Establishment  of an efficient - system of technical  schools.  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.  (c) .All political partisanship should  be*eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution  (b) We  are' pledged   as a party to  equal  suffrage ~of  A Clean-Gut  gument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  provide - for   the  women with men.  7���������Taxation, (a) Exemption of  improvements on all!~4ands paying  taxes to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) Immediate reform-of the present costly, cumbersome and inequitable system of collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts.  8���������Labor���������Workmen's Compensation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ^b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all industrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  (d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  :politics. This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving employers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payriient of wages at least  fortnightly.  (g) The minim una "wage, the eight-  hour day and six day week on all  public and government-aided work.  ��������� 9���������Oriental Immigration, (a) We  stand for a - white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the " total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts.  10���������Extension of M unicipal Powers, (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  .11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all .public utilities, the limitation of terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if in the public interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by municipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities.  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  ��������� 13���������Public Accounts. We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor -general, ap:  pointed and controlled absolntely by  legislature. ,  14��������� Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore the fishing industry to white fishermen  (b) The protection of British Columbia fishe.iies from foreign poachers  by adequate policing of Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention . of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities,- towns and .".'munici'palitiec, and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties.  16���������Tourers System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non Partisan Civil Service...  The organization of the civil service  commission for both inside and outside service, so that ihe appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  Experience is a great t������acher, but  there are some conceited men who  .magine they can give experience  cards and spades and beat it at the  teaching same.  Men, MacDougall & MacDonald  are opening up a new clothing and  furnishing store in the old stand occupied by the Mann Drug company  next door to the British Columbia  Telephone company. It would pay  you fo give them-a call, and you  will find they carry the best and  cheapest line in town. Watch for  thoir opening days, which will be  announced later.  d*L LiCs  More Victories -Are  Won by SiegeTac=  tics Than by As=  saults  C_y4.pply thiF to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and>Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  Th  e  ujimh mwmimiMin .mum lZFHE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  Field Crop Competitions,  A#'bulletin recently issued from the  office of tlie s'eed commissioner of the  Dominion department of agriculture  bears testimony to (.he great value of  the field crop competitions and the'  seed fairs, as agencies for' encouraging the growing of better crops and  tbe furnishing of-better'seed for our  farmers.  "Twenty-five, per cent, of the farmers visited by a commissibn recently  inquiring into conditions-- affecting  seed and grain growing, purchased  their seed either from their neighbors or from dealers. The seed so purchased is commonly traced back to a  prize winning field in a crop competition or a prize winning sample at a  seed .fair. Marojuis wheat and O.A.C.  No- 21 barley-are notable illustrations  of improved varieties now thus being  disseminated."  For  Pink Eyo, Eplzootla,  Shipping F������ver, '  and Catarrhal  Fever,  no matter how horues  Liquid,.plven on tha  Sure euro n.nd positive preventive,  at any a&e are Infected or "exposed.  tongue, acts on the Blood and Glanda7' cxp'ols tRe polsonou*-  germa from tlie body. Cures Distemper in Dogs and Sheejr  and Cholera In Poultry. Largesjt selling- live stock remedy.  Cures La Grippe among human bolng-B and Is a lino kidney  remedy. Cut tliia out. - Keep it. Show it to your druggist,  who will get it for you. Free Booklet. "Distemper, Causes  and Cui-es." DISTRIBUTORS ��������� ALL WHOLES A L.H1  DRUGGISTS.      * ,  SPOHX    MEDICAL    CO.,-Chemists   and   Bacteriologists,  GOSHFN.  IND���������  U.S.A.  Corns cause much suffering, but  Holloway's Corn Cure offers a speedy,  sure and satisfactory relief. ,,������,  No Sale for. Bar Fittings  Not Sufficient Demand to Warrant  Continuance of Making Them  Three of the plants of the Bruns-  wick-Balke-Collender company at  Chicago, Long Island and San Francisco, which: ���������'manufactured- bar fixtures exclusively* have been closed.  Tho plant at Dubuque, Iowa, has been  turned into a factory .for the manufacture of-talking machine cabinets  and piano cases.  More  than 3,500 employees  of  the  company    have    lost    their positions  . through   the  closing     of  the   plants  named.'  H. A. Davenport, secretary of the  company, has sent a lette- to all  branches throughout the country,  which says:  "We have discontinued the manufacture of stock bar fixtures for the  reason that there is not now sufficient  demand. We are convinced that the  future of the liquor business will be  in  cafes  and  hotels."  Discussing the situation, Mr. Davenport said:  "We do not believe that the saloon  is doomed, but conditions have changed. Many saloons have gone out of  business as various places voted dry;  others have been forced to quit because of population restrictions."  Botha's Work  The Union government has loyally  performed its part of the work, and  the-operations agair.st Gorman Southwest Africa are a success. As General  Botha' said in his address to his;  troops, the capture of Windhoek is of  the utmost importance to "the empire  and the Union of South Africa. The  dispossession of- Germany"removes a  constant source of bad influence and  danger to the Union. With German  Southwest Africa brought under the  British flag, there will be nothing to  hinder the peaceful development of  the' great British dominion of whose  government General Botha is the head.  ���������Toronto Mail and Empire.  Overcharged  .In a western town the attorney for  the gas company svas making a popular address.  "Think of the good the gas company has done!" he cried. "If I were  permitted a pun, I would say, in the  words of the immortal poet,  the Light Brigade!'"  Whereupon a shrill voice  from the rear, "Oh, what a  they made!"  'Honor  came  charge  for  Willie,  and  investigate,  come    into the  Sickening  Some time ago little Willie rambled  into the house, throw his soldier's helmet into tho corner, and began looking over a book-  This was unusual  his mother began to  ^"Whaf have you  house for, Willie?" she asked. ".You  haven't quaralled with Gdorge Brown,  have you?"  "No,'mother," answered Willie, "but  I'm not going-to play war with him  any- more." -  "Why not?" queried mother, "what  has he been doing?"  "It's just this Avay," explained  Willie, "when wc play war. I'm Germany and he's Britain, and if I-don't  let. him lick me, every time he says  I'm not patriotic."���������Pearson's Weekly.  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  Dragged Down by Asthma.���������The  man or woman who is continually  subject to asthma is unfitted for his  or her life's work. Strength departs  and energy is taken away until life  becomes a dreary existence. And yet  this is needless. Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Remedy has brought a great  change to an army of sufferers. It  relieves the restricted air tubes and  guards against future trouble  ft-  Try  Step   ���������  ���������Towards Recovery  IS   TO   FIND   IF   YOUR   SYMPTOMS  ARE    OF   KIDNEY   DISEASE   _ , \  Did   This���������-Then  Kidney  Pills  A young man who was a good investigator, but who seemed to be devoid of common sense, was under examination in the study of medicine,  and was asked:  "What should you regard as the  most unfailing premonitory sign of  death in any serious case?"  The student meditated thoughtfully  for a moment, and answered:  "The arrival of the attending physician."  r  EEsszosass  Three Boxes Cured  ' His Rheumatism.  Itcost Mr. Moore'sfatherjust$1.50  to be cured of chronic Rheumatism  from which he had suffered for  years." Just three boxes of GIN  PILLS at COc a box, completely  cured him and to-day lie has not a  sign of Rheumatism.  Kent   County   Lady  She   Used   Dodd's  . and Was' Cured  Upper Bouctouche, Kent Co., N.B.  (Special)���������Miss Genevieve Basta-  rache, an estimable lady living near  here, is telling her friends of the  benefit she has received from Dodd's  Kidney pills.  "I am indeed happy to be able to  state that I have beeu cured of Kidney Disease hy Dodd's Kidney Pills,"  Miss Bastarache say"B" in an interview.  "I was- often so fe'eble I could not  work. My sleep was broken and un-  refreshing, I had headaches and  cramps in the muscles.  "I suffered from Rheumatism and  Backache and was always tired and  nervous.  "I was in this miserable condition  when I decided to try Dodd's Kidney  Pills and I had not taken two boxes  till I- felt better and three boxes cured  me." ���������  Miss Bastarache madj a long step  towards recovery when she discovered that her symptoms were of Kidney  Disease. She then had only to use  the old., reliable Kidney remedy,  Dodd's Kid.-.ey Pilb, to find a cure.  She did it and was cured. Are your  symptoms those of Kidney Disease?  ���������Newbury, Ont. April SOtii.  "My father lias been Iroiibli-U u-itli Kbec-  matt-ni for a number of years, bavins tried pi  two doctor.': and pettiitjf no relief. lie was  finally advised hy a friend !i> try Clin Pills,  lie purchased a box and after taking them  for a week, found thai they (rave him relief,  lie then purchased three more boxe.i which  were the means of curing him. He i.s now a  stroni; man in (;ood health able to attend to  his daily u-orlc. For tin's r^reat change, all  the credit is due lo Clin Pills."  ALKX. MOORK.  livery hox of Gin Pills is sold with  our positive; fciiaranleo ot'satisfac  tion or money fcr.clc.  Gin Pills are "lU..de in Canada". Your  dealer has them���������fi!)e. a box. 0 for $2.'0.  Sold in U.S. under the nam j "GIN'O" Pills.  Trial treatment free if you write National  Dnijj- & Chcniic.ll Co. of CinaJa, Limited,  Toronto. 2(15  ���������When.lt Rains One  Inch  Very few persons���������even those who  are well informed on most matters  ���������know how much an inch of rain is.  The average man or woman probably has an idea that an inch of  rain is a mere trifle on nature's part.  This is entirely wrong. In reality it  is a good big rainfall more than  falls in most places in an average  week-  A rainfall of one inch means literally that the amount of water descending in a particular .shower would  cover the surrounding territory to a  depth of one inch, providing "it did  not run away or soak into the  ground.  An inch of rain coming down on a  single acre of land would fill more  than 600 barrels of forty-live gallons capacity each. This amount of  water would weigh more than 110  tons or nearly a quarter of .a million pounds.���������Tit-Bits.  Angling, Ancient and Modern  Most of the fish that abound in the  Sea of Galilee nowadays, as they did  2,000 years ago, are a species of  bream and chub. A canning factory, I  am told, is now in process of erection  on the shore not far from Capernaum.  These fish were formerly taken almost wholly in nets, though fish  hooks seem to have been known and  used-more or less throughout the east  from very early times. Wilkinson  -tells us that angling was a favorite  pursuit of the wealthy in Egypt, as  well as of the poor who could not afford a net. Something like our modern weirs were also in vogue, but in  Gennesaret they wore expressly forbidden by law in Bible times. Fly fishing was unknown until a comparatively recent period.  George Bernard Shaw .was invited  by a friend one night to hear a string  quarette from Italy. Expecting a treat,  he accepted ��������� the invitation. Throughout the programme, he sat with a  stony look on his face.  The friend, to draw a little praise  from him, said: "Mr. Shaw, those  men have been playing together for  twelve years." "     .  "Twelve years?" said the other, in  an incredulous voice- "Surely we've  been here longer than that."  CLEAR-HEADED  Head   Bookkeeper   Must   be Reliable  Most infants arc infested by worm.-.;,  which cause groat suffering, nnd if  not promptly dealt with may cause  constitutional weaknesses difficult to  remedy. Miller's Worm Powders will  clear tho stomach and bowels of  worms and will so act upon tho system that there will be no recurrence  of tho trouble. And not only this,  but they will repai.- tlie injuries to  the organs that worms cause and restore them to soundness.  A  Comforting Thought  mission worker tells how shocked ahs was lo encounter this bit of  cynicis'm in the slums. The conversation was between two women whose  marital life had not been particularly  felicit.iou.s.  "Well," said one of them, "of course  we has our trouble with all of 'em.  But I'll say this for my second  band���������he's better than my first,  in jail so much that practically  earn  I has for myself."  hue-  He's  all I  Keep  house.  MinarJ's    Liniment    in    the  W- N. U. 1057  Bill���������I vo Just acquired a combined  carpet swoepor and talking machine.  Dill- -Married   it,   ch?  The chief bookkeeper in a large business house in one of the Western  cities speaks of the harm tea and coffee did for him:  "My wife and I drank our first cup  of Postum a little over two years ago,  and we have used it ever since, to the  entire exclusion of tea and coffee. It  happened in  this way:  "I had an attack of pneumonia,  which left me with dyspepsia, or neu-  largia of the stomach. My 'cup of  cheer*, had always' been tea or coffee, but I became convinced, after a  time, that they aggravated my stomach trouble. I happened to mention  the matter to my giocer one day and  lie suggested that I give Postum a  trial.  "Next day it came, and we liked it  so much that we will never change  back; for I am a well man today and  have used no medicine.  "My work as.chief bookkeeper in  our company's branch house here is  of a very confining nature. During my  tea and coffee drinking days I was  subjact to nervousness and the 'blues'  in addition to my sick spells. These  have left me since I began using  Postum and I can conscientiously recommend it to those whose work con-  lines ���������them to long hours of severe  mental exertion."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont. Read "The Road  to  Wellville," in pkgs.  Postum  comes in two forms:  Postum Cereal���������the original form���������  must be well boiled. 15c and 25c packages.  Instant Postum���������-a soluble powder  ���������dissolves quickly in a cup of hot  water, and, with cream aud sugar,  makes a delicious beverage instantly.  30c and 50c tins.  Both kinds are equally delicious  nd   cost  about  tlie same  per cup.  'There's a Reason'' for Postum.  ���������sold   by  Grocers.  Wonderful Shot  Private Ananias certainly was a  ood shot, and his adventures in German Southwest Africa had apparently-  been' of a mature to put those of  Munchausen, Gulliveij, and Bill  Adams in the shade.  "Yes," he said to a circle of young  soldiers, who were under orders for  Catsh Bay, "I was in a bit of a hole  up there once. There were two German snipers at me, and I had only one  bullet' left. They were a good bit  apart, too, so I couldn't work round to  get them in line. And if I shot one  the other would get me sure. I tell  you' boys these things make you think  quick. What did I do? Well, "my  knowledge of .mathematics saved me.  [got behind a stone worked out a  few calculations, and angles on a  scrap of paper, stuck up my bayonet  in the sands with the edge towards  me, took careful aim at it, and let her  go. And, boys, the plan worked; for  the bullet was split clean in half, and  one bit killed the German on the  right, and the other bit blotted out  the blighter on the left. Another time  I was���������"  But his audience had'fled.  The Entomological Society of Ontario  The forty-fifth annual report of the  Entomological Society has just been  issued by the Ontario department of  agriculture, Toronto. The president's  address is a valuable contribution to  the history of applied entomology in  Canada, by provinces. Thc insects of  the year (1914), both in Ontario and  Quebec, are described by several observers, and valuable suggestions are  given as to their control. Among the  other practical papers presented are  those dealing with "The Army Worm  in 1914," "Experiments With Poisoned Bait for Locust Control," "An Imported Red Spider Attacking Fruit  Trees," and "Control of Forest and  Shade Tree Insects of the Farm."  The more purely literary contributions comprise a very discerning biographical sketch of the" celebrated  French entomologist, Jean Henri  Fabre, aud a chatty article on "Moun-,  tains and Hills." The Entomological  Record for the year is, as usual, most  complete and informing. The many illustrations are.are valuable feature of  the report, a copy, of which will be  sent to any entomologist upon application to the department.  Minard's Liniment Co., Ltd.  Gents,���������I   have   used     your   ���������  ard's   Liniment  in   my     family  also. in   my. stable.; ���������������������������for years  consider   it   the    best  medicine  tainable.  Min-  anl  and  ob-  Proprietor  Liverv  Yours truly,  ALFRED  ROCHAV,  Roxton   Pond   Hotel   and  Stables.,.  Came  Back to  Fight  Once a Canadian, always a Canadian. The Canadian.,. casualty lists  from the battle of Langemarck contain the names of many residents of  the United States. The number is too  large to be attributed to the presence of American soldiers of fortune  in the ranks of the Canadians. While  no doubt some of. those reported  among the killed and wounded whose  addresses are genuine are American  citizens who enlisted out of sympathy  for the cause of the allies, the greatest majority are'Canadians or sons of  Canadians who for various reasons  have been living in the republic.���������Ottawa Free Press. ���������  ;     Less Particular  A lady bewailed the loss vof a  somewhat ill-bred but extremely  wealthy neighbor who ' had been very  liberal to her country charities.  "Mr. X������������������ is dead," said she. "He  was so good and kind and helpful to  me in all sorts of ways. lie was so  vulgar, ��������� poor, dear fellow,- we could |  not know him in town, but we shall  meet iu heaven."  From the After Effects of  Pneumonia Followed by  Diphtheria  Frequently the after effects of ill*  ness are more serious than the original trouble. This was'the case with  Mrs. James B. Moir, Mutaua, Sask.  Mrs. Moir says: "Some years ago,  while we were still living in Nova  Scotia, I was taken down with a.severe attack of pneumonia.- I had sufficiently recovered to be around, but  had not bcenable to go out when I  was attacked with diphtheria., In my  weakened state it took a terrible hold  on me, and neither my friends nor  neighbors thought I would recover. I-  did, however, pull through, but was a  physical wreck. The muscles of my  throat were paralyzed, so that even a  3iip of water would flow back through  my nostrils- unless they were held  closed.   My voice was almost    inaud-  ble and my eyes so badly effected  that I feared I wao going to lose my  eyesight. I could only walk with"assistance and it looked as though I  would be a helpless cripple. Medicine  after medicine was u^ed, but did not  lelp me. Then a neighbor advised  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.. I began  taking them but had the utmost difficulty in swallowing them owing to  the condition of my throat- However,  after a couple of boxes luid been used  I found it easier to take them, which  was a sign they were helping me,  and I felt greatly cheered. I do ..not  know how many boxes I took, but I  continued their use until I was as well  as ever," much to the surprise of all  who knew me, as all thought I could  not get better. Since then I have several times taken the Pills when run  down and have always been greatly  benefited by them."  For the after effects of fevers and  all wasting diseases there is no medicine can equal Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills. They enrich the blood, build up  the nerves, restore the appetite and  bring back complete health and  strength. ' Sold by all medicine dealers or by mail at 50 cents a box or six  .boxes for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Out-  "What  are   the'  asked the teacher.  "Masculine   and'  Alec.  two  sexes, Alec?"  " feline,"   answered  May I ask the cause of all this excitement? said the stranger in tlie little village.  Certainly, replied the countryman.  We're celebrating the birthday of^the  oldest inhabitant, -sir. She's a hundred and one today.  Indeed. And may I ask who is that  little man with the dreadfully sad  countenance walking by the old lady's  side? .  Oh,' that's the old lady's son-in-law,  sir. He's been keeping up the payments on her life insurance policy for  tho last thirty years.  e i^ierves  Now Entirely Cured���������Never Used Any Medicine With  Such Benefit as Dr. Chase's Nerve Food.  Headaches, sleeplessness and nervousness are often very disagreeable,  but when your nervous system gets  Into such a condition that tha  nerves twitch and  jerk, and you have  peculiar nervous  sensations come  over you there is  causa for crave  alarm.  Everybody  dreads the thought  of paralysis or  locomotor ataxia.  Nothing is worse ������<*"=*^  to look forward to MRS. M'KELL-AR.  than helplessness. Sometimes It io  holpleesnoaa of body, and at other  times the mind !*? wifectcd, which is  far worse.  Tho writer of this letter did not  know what to expect, but fortunately  began tho use. of Dr. Chase's Nerve  S\>od in time to head off dantrer. and  writes that she was entirely cured of  the old trouble. The last paragraph  proves that the cure waa lasting.  Mrs. John McKellar, 11 Barton  street east, Hamilton, Ont., writes:-���������  "I was injured some years ago, and  that left mo with a broken-down nervous system. I could not sleep, and  suffered from twitching of the nerves  and disagreeable nervous ������ensationB.  "I then began using Dr; Chase's  Nerve Food, and can say that I never  used any medicine that did me so  much good; in fact, I am entirely  cured of my old trouble. The Nervo  Food not only strengthened tho  norveo, but also built up my. sj*tem  in every way." v  Under more recent date Mra,  McKe'llar writes confirming her cure,  and states that she has had inquiries  from many people who had heard of  tho great benefits she obtained from  Dr.  Chase's.Nerve Food.  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, 50c a box,  6 for $2.5,0.   At all dealers.  i"$K5R5j35!&RK^ 'She stJN, grand. fork&~1TS  V1^' 'M-:  -3',-.J>:'.''?;;  ."'���������J-.  :'**������������������--t;;  AN" AMERICAN   WRITER   PAYS   A   FINE   TRIBUTE  Will Irwin Tells of the  Heroic  Conduct  of the  Raw  Canadian  Troops,   and   of  the Fortunes of War which Brought  -   Them a Supreme Test of Valor  Writing in the New ..York Tribune  from Northern France, Will Irwin,  who has won an international reputation for his ���������'work in the present war,  speaks of the heroism that has marked many incidtnts, and has this to  say of thc Canadians at Langemarck:  Finally, there are the . Canadians.  Since the affair which the United  States calls the war of 1812, Canada  has known no war, save minor engagements with red Indians and-the  war against nature, The rest has been  peacei and natkn building and prosperity. Now, tho Canadian: contingent  was scarcely upon the line before they  behaved-heroically at Hill 60. A fortnight later ,and while they still ranked as "raw troops," the fortunes of  war brought them a supreme test of  valor. The poisonous cloud of noxi-  our gas had driven back the French  to their left- Their line wa~s "dangling  iu the air." They were bombarded  in front," they were enfiladed, they  were bombarded from the rear, they  were shrouded in poison fumes. .They  hold on, -they even advanced; they  did the impossible by rescuing-their  guns. And they stuck until ordered  back to "join up the new line.  With them, as with the others, no  military decorations can possibly reward all the deeds of .valor. There is  *he boy I sajv going-under Lhe X-ray.  His hands were in bags; they had  been shot through. His leg was in a  splint; the bone was shattered.' He  was going to be "X-rayed," however,  that the surgeons might find exactly  ��������� what' had happened to a splintered  skull. He managed to tell the. attendants that he had reecived his  ."crack on the head" last of all, and  that machine gun lire at close range  Uid it.  What a story underlies that statement! Shot in one hand���������he kept on-  Bitot in ths other���������he kept on. His  '3eg shattered���������he kept, on, until he  Jell unconscious from tlie "crack on  the head."    Then there were the live men in a  certain Canadian company���������ami the  unrecorded    rest    of    that company.  They had charged, they had', won,  they started to secure their position.  Along . came a surprisingly heavy  counter-attack. But, they held and  held and held, until, when the recall  sounded, only live men leaped up and  ran back to .the retired trenches���������  and two of them were wounded. Was  Balakalava finer than this? Yet it is  lost among the mighty oeeds of Urn  war.  ��������� ���������  The men who did all this were raw  troops, judged by the old standards,  and they -came from a Dominion  which has been 'at peace for a century. It is no good to. saythat they  were "backwoodsmen" and therefore  accustomed to something resembling  war. Some of them, it is true, were  wheat farmers of tlie Saskatchewan,  miners of the Klondike, or voyagers  of the great rivers. Further, not a  few were native-born citizens of the  untamed western United States. But  as many or-.'.more left desks in Montreal, Ottawa or Vancouver to go to  war.   '    N ,'  When war is forced' upon a nation,  as it has been forced upon the more  civilized nations of western Europe,  it is, of course, necessary to light  back. It. is especially necessary in  this case, if you-'believe in maintaining a blood-bought democracy. But  let us be honest, even in the midst  of the struggle. Peace has brought  to Europe', not decadence, ' but such  manly fibre as the world never knew  before.' Perhaps this has ������������������.happened  because the men of manly fibre have  had a chance under peace to live and  breed their kind. : One suspects that  just to live well in \his complex,  modern world���������to be deaf to siren  songs, to be calm, in adversity to keep  working, to endure bereavement and  disappointment, to break untrodden  ways through tlie wilderness of industry, commerce and science���������that  all this breeds enough of manly fibre.  After tliis war let no worshipper of  bleeding gods put in his sermons of  valor the statement that peace breeds  degeneracy. It is not peace which  does this, ,it is too much war-  i Shrapnel Making-  war orders Set Wheels in.. All Parts  of Canada  Moving  Shrapnel making has grown to  be  ���������  one  of  the  great  industries, of  Canada.    War orders have set wheels in  '   all parts of the Dominion turning on  shell frabrication.  Within a short time every step in  the process of shell'making will be  taken in Canada, from mining tho  copper, zinc and iron; the fabrication  of the explosives and the shaping and  assembling of the parts. Hundreds of  workmen and almost two hundred establishments are already e: editing  shrapnel orders. The only operation  which Canada does not carry out at  present is making brass for tlie cartridge cases. ' While the zinc and copper are mined in Canada they are not  refined here; th^t-.being done in the  United States. In the past it has been  found convenient to sell zinc and copper matte lo American refiners and  buy back the pure copper and zinc, or  the two combined with tin'to form  brass. There has been no brass making oC consequence,  in  Canada.  With the'demand for shell brass  reaching great proportions there has  been an investigation into the possibility of having the copper and zinc  refining ami brass making carried out  in this country. It is learned that tlie  investigators haye reported that the  thing could be ...easily done though  there might have, to be the usual  government assistance at the start.  The refining operations' are likely 'o  be carried out in" British Columbia  where there are great deposits of copper and zinc ores and where'coal and  water powers are abundant.  Thc brass may be made there or  elsewhere.  ft is expected that a considerable  amount of outside capital will conic  into Canada for investment.- in hot-h  Ibis and  lhe explosive industry.  and  do not throw it on  the manure  liea p.  Apply the��������� farmyard manure���������where  it should be applied���������to the corn, root  and hay crops. By this practice even  ii: it has some weeds in it much harm  will not be done.  Weed Wisdom  Every Precaution is Necessary to Prevent the Spread of Weeds  When grain has many weeds iu it  bo sure and grind it up before feeding it. When using manure that has  conic from stock that have been fed  i...pute grain bo sure itvis well rolled  before putting it on the land.  Never allow weeds on mature  seeds. Cut those on the roadsides,  headlands, in waste places aud iu  thc fence corners, as well as those in  tlie   fields.  Be constantly on the watcli tor the  appearance of new weeds. Do not. wait  until a weed luu; become established  before finding out what it is., ft. is a  comparatively easy task to get rid of  a few plants of Perennial Sow Thistle  but a long, tedious and eouly operation to clean a field which has become  overrun by it-  Sow only pure seed, impure seed is  dear at any price, Pure seed is the  purchaser's right by law, and he  should insist on having it.  See that tlie separator is cleaned  before being brought upon the farm.  Burn the  refuse  from  the separator,  Bark Outstrips Steamers  The   Vimiera   Crosses   From   England  Under Perfect Conditions, Passing   Freight   Vessels  Thirty days from Weymouth, England, and running light, the British  four-masted bark Vimiera reached  port recently, completing a voyage  which, if done in less than forty days,  is an unusual event in these days of  a fast expiring sailing fleet.  It was more like a yachting trip in  some protected stretch of water and  having nothing else to occupy their  minds, the sailors took to knitting  hosiery for the soldiers, according to  Captain Thompson in reporting the arrival of his vessel to the consignees.  J. F. Whitney & Co.  Captain Thompson lias had a good  many years' experience in roaming  the seven seas on the heaving decks  of "windjammers,' but never had such  a pleasant trip as the one just completed in the Vimiera, he said. Hardly a hand was necessary at the lines  and some of the canvas unfurle.d  when the bark got under way was not  reefed until she brought up with the  Jersey shore.  The Vimiera dipped far to the southward and logged more than four  thousand miles before the tug took  her in'tow off Scotland Light- After  the first two clays and with ev ryinch  of canvas bent on the yards, the bark  began parsing slow freight steamships. Her patent log at tlie taffrail  hummed along at a consistent ten  knot clip, with a frequent fifteen knot  burst of speed.  With-tho exception of only a few  hours the favorable weather continued until the men were ordered  aloft to bare the sticks us the bark  headed into port. The 'Vimiera resembles in many respects the famous  American clipper ships, and is said to  be one of the latest "square-rlggero"  now   allotit.    New  York Herald.  Potash Production in U-S.  Potash, for fertilizing and ' other  uses, is to by manufactured from alun-  itc, of which there are large deposits  in Uiah. Some of the'best of tiiese  deposits will produce potash in a commercial way, and of a purer and better grade than that formerly ininport-  cd from Germany. Supplies of these  ar.; to be available in the near future,  as a company has been organized to  operate these deposits, and amongst  other prominent men associated with  the undertaking is President McDow-  all. of the Armour Fertilizer Works of  Chicago.  Sacked  This isn't a.clean knife, .Tano, said  the young mistress to the new servant.  Well, it ought to be, said the servant, for the last tiling it ''cut was  the soap.  Range of Big Guns|J||]7 BR-fTIS  Firing Over a Score of Miles Now an  Accomplished  Fact  The French estimate of the distance from which the Germans dropped shells in Dunkirk is 2Zy2 miles.  Fire at such a range has long been  a topic of popular interest as a possibility.   It is now a/fact.  Traveling swifter than a rifle ball,  a shot fired at such a range is nearly  two minutes on its way. At 45 degrees 'elevation it rises more than  two miles above the loftiest mountain,  higher than man can mount in a balloon and live, before,-it begins" to descend.  The fire that wrecked the Antwerp  forts was delivered with .-much more  accurate aim, all- ost vertical, .at fairly short range. The great guns of warships cannot be elevated more lhan-15  degrees. This is one reason why 'lira  allies landed^ armies at the" Dardanelles. Plunging fire from batteries  at closer range should be more .effective jagainst Turkish forts than the  big guns of the Queen Elizabeth. No  warship could shell,New York from a  distance at.-sea'equaling the range of  land artillery. ..  It is hard lo hit a small mark at  half a mile, and harder to hit a big  one at twenty miles. The Germans  are. probably satisfied, without having  accomplished a military object, with  the moral effect of their feat���������and  there is always a chance that a great  shell may hit a vital spot. Our army  experts say that a range of thirty miles  is possible with present day ordnance. Thus Constantinople might  be bombarded from the shore of the  Black. Sea. Trieste from Italian soil,  Seuta from Gibraltar, Sardinia-, from  Corsica, Dover from Caaiis. This is  why the German shots at Dunkirk  were heard round thc world.���������New  York World-  Encourage Seed Growing*  The Importance of Seed-Growing in  Canada  is  Emphasized  In 1913-14. according to information  gathered' and supplied'by Mr. George  H. Clark, the Dominion seed commissioner, Canada imported from';Frariee  and Germany no less than 900,748  pounds of beet and mangel seed; from  Holland and France,'���������350,849 pounds of  turnip seed, and from France .alone  32,966 pounds of carrot seed. Radish,  cabbage, cauliflofl^ver, celery and parsnip seed were also imported in large  quantities, mainly from France. While  it is -tlmught there was nearly sufficient of these seeds on hand to'-meat  the requirements for this year, these  channels being closed, for 1916 there  will  plainly-be a dearth.  The. foregoing important facts are  duly set down in Bulletin No. 22, of  the Second Series ofUhe CentraL Experimental Farm, of which M. O.  Malte, Ph.D., Dominion agrostologist,  and W- T. Macoun, Dominion horticulturist, are the authors. "Canada," the  Bulletin very emphatically- says,  "should make herself independent of  foreign markets, and produce at home  what now has to be bought abroad.  Canadian farmers should not ouly try  to meet the emergency demand for  field root seed in the 'immediate future, but should also try to establish  a permanent seed-growing industry  which would make them independent  of any other countries." There will  as'suredly not be a dissenting voice  to this doctrine as a general principle  and the Bulletin, which is being gratuitously distributed and can be had  on application to the publications  branch, department of agriculture, Ottawa, tells in detail how this desirable  state of affairs can ba brought about.  Cases are .given where successful effort has already been made, but the  data regarding the matter, it would  seam, is no't quite as available as  could be wished. What is definitely  known is that quantities of seed are  bruoght in from abroad, much of  which it is believed could, with the  requisite care, be produced in Canada  and of'a character as good and high.  General principles for successful  seed-growing, of selection, etc., are  laid down in the Bulletin, which also  details methods that could profitably  be adopted for planting, threshing  and cleaning of many species of field  roots. A list that is given of tha best  varieties of vegetables for stock seed  is of good practical value. Farmers  and gardeners are also reminded that  as an inducement to the growing of  field roots and garden seeds in Canada the Dominion government is willing" to aid seed-growers by cash subventions, particulars of which can be  obtained from the se2d.branch, department of agriculture, Ottawa. ;t  should be added that as the purpose  is to encourage the growing of sslect-  ed-sced. only bona fide growers of  such scud are eligible to receive the  subventions.  Should Consume Less Meat  British Board of Trade Calls Attention  of  Public to the   Fact  The British board of trade calls the  attention of the public to the great  importance of restricting the consumption of meal with a view o  economizing national supplies and  avoiding excessive increase in prices.  This action was taken on the advice  of the advisory committee of the national federation of meat traders,  which has been investigating the recent big increase in retail price of  nearly all meats.  This increase, the committee found,  is due to tho increased requirements  of tlie British and French armies and  the relative shortage of vessels equipped for conveyance of meat ^overseas.  It decided that the only way to avoid  a further advance in the price would  be to reduce appreciably the demand  by the civil population.  WHY   THE   LIQUOR   PROPOSALS  WERE   MODIFIED  Reason of  the   Limitation  of   Lloyd   George's   Drastic   Liquor  Proposals is Stated to be not Altogether  on Account  of the Organized Strength of the Trade  and idleness in the sort of cramped  home he provides for.'.'-his-'wife and  children is somewhat nerve-racking.  Dut he goes to meet his friends. There  are workmen's clubs where he could  do so, but these are made most'undesirable���������only too often���������by the well  meaning but indiscriminating intrusions of those, uplifting women who go  to serve them with tea and entertain  theni with music. When the workman idles he wants the company of  his' own kind, and the' entertainment  he understands, not the 'goody-goody'  talk of his employer's wife and daughters, nor their ladylike music, nor the  sort of literature with .a purpose  which they never fail to supply lo the  club members,"  It has jeen often .said'-' that the  public house is the poor man'S/'club,  and this is truer in England tlian in  any other country in the world. But  there is "another reason why at this  time above all others the British  workman should drink. There is  hardly one of them, perhaps, who has  no*, had a "pal" killed or wounded in  this war, or one of whose death tidings may-be received any day. There  is death in- the air and when in the  "pub" men hold their sessions, discussing their:absent or fallen friends,  beer and whiskey are likely to flew  with too great abundance.' The workman seeks relief from -sadness in  drink. When there is news'of a victory he "wets the occasion." Whether  the news is good or bad it provides  an excuse to those who are in need  of one.  Moreover, in the opinion of tho  spokesman of the workingmen. they  are not responsible for the slackness  in providing the munitions of war.  They insist that the blame Jies rather  with the manufacturers, who . are  making huge' fortune", 'out of war  orders, and are working the men to  the limit without sharing any of their  profits. Some slackness, they contend, is due to gem-ral dissatisfaction  with this condition. When invited to  show patriotism,  they demand    that  It is not the organized strength of  the trade in England that has forced  Lloyd George to so greatly modify his  proposals for dealing with the liquor  problem, but the settled habits of thc  British people themselves, and particularly of the working classes, who are'  most affected. .It-is true that the  brewers,'distillers and bottlers of-the  British Isles form: a combination of  tremendous strength, that they have  members of .parliament and in the  house of lords, and that millions of  people, -directly or"-:indirectly, depend  upon them for.employment and support. But if the average British  working-mail had been in .favor of the  total closing down of public houses  during the war they would 'have been  closed down, no '���������������������������matter how loudly  the trade might have protested, and  no matter how active its agent might  have made "themselves in the 'Irons js  of parliament. Will Crooks and .'John  Burns, both of them lifelong abstainers, spoke ..for the laboring classes  when they Void the government that  total prohibition would not be tolerated; and when the Irish members  protested it was plain thai the government would do more harm than  good by piaciug u prohibitive tax upon spirits.  While the British workman may  properly be condemned for his fondness for drinking, he does not look  at- thc matter in the same, light as  the Canadian workman. In this country it is safe to say that'there is little,  if any, of the sort of drinking on Saturday which leaves them incapacitat;  ed for work-on Monday.. There being  no liquor sold on Sundays here the  workers who have beeu over-indulging on Saturday might have a clear  day in "which to recover from lhe effects of their sprees, unless that they  have liquor in their homes, which the  great proportion of them do not. In  England, on the contrary, the public-  houses are open for u certain time o.'.  Sunday, and it is quite possible for  a workman who h-s the necessary  money to drink himself into such a  stale of intoxication, that he is disinclined to go to work on Monday.  Speaking generally, too, the habits  of the British workman are different  from���������'���������.the workers oh':-.this' continent.  A'writer1 in the Brooklyn Eagle says  that the British workingman, as a  rule, does not feel the spur of ambition as keenly as does the American  worker. He writes: "His father and  grandfather have lived on ?4 a week,  and their life is quite good enough  for him and his sons. If' he earns  that sum in six days he rests on the  seventh; if in two days he refuses to  exert himself in the remaining. Higher   wages  mainly   increase     idleness,  their employers shall set the example  Finally, even the Church of England  does not tell the workman that it is  his duty to do without his beer while  the war exists. The Archbishop of  Canterbury, it is true, recommended  "greatei* temperance," but the Anglican church does not stand for prohibition, one of the reasons, no doubt,  being concerned with the Sacrament.  In face of all these elements opposed  to absolute prohibition it is plain that  one does not need to imagine a conspiracy of brewers and distillers to  understand why Lloyd George was  unable to take drastic action against  the trade in England.  Britain's Many Wars  In Some Part of the .World There is  Always Work for British Arms  It has .been said with some truth  that for the British empire war never  ceases. In some parts of -'the'world  there is always some business >��������� for  British arms. If it is not an expedition against some of the restless hill  tribes of Northern India it is an expedition to restrain the Mad. Mullah  in the Soudan, or an expedition out  of Singapore to some of the .Malay  Islands, or from Sydney to thc  Papuan Islands, or elsewhere. The  responsibility of 'protecting the vast  possessions of the Crown in the seven  seas involves more or less constant  offensive ' t punitive military measures. These occurrences being taken  so much for granted, tiie public gives  scarcely a thought to the fact that  in addition to her great military organizing in Northwestern Europe,  and the conducting of large operations in the Dardanelles, Britain is  conducting no fewer than five separate campaigns in Africa, has repressed an insurrection by some ���������'.Mohammedan tribes of Northern India, has  destroyed a it3w innv; gathered by the  Dervishes of tlie Soudan, has repressed a German-incited rising at Singapore, and Dii live continents i--> r.-ady  to defend colonies and dependencies  large and small. In Africa General  Botha is loading i'ltion forces against  German Southwest Africa. British  Indian troops are being employed  against German East A ft ion. ihe  great bar to tho -Capt-tu-Cairo railway thai, will make a now Africa.  Togoland has been <-aptuix-d. It was  taken by an expedition from the British Cold Coa.-t colony within three  weeks from the outbreak oi war. Tito  Canieroons are now being invaded hy  British and French forces. The  Gorman defenders of the Kaiser's  African colonies have not hesitated  to poison the wells along the routes  of British advance;, but even these  tactics have nor, availed to prevent  the steady onward march of the i',rit-  ish soldier-colonizer. Only an imperial military organization of it completeness nyver known before to the  world could enable Britain to .^unrd  interests in all part.-* of the globe so  thoroughly---Mail   and   Empire.  A   Sure  Sign  Corporal-That new reeniij usi-d to  be a clerk.  Sergeant���������How  do  you   know?  Corporal���������Every lime lie ruands at  case lie" tires to put his ritle behind  his  car.  Deaths that Mean Something  Lofty Purpose For Which the Highest  Price is Not Too Much to  Pay  The -continued casulty lists of the  Canadian regiments bring more clearly than any other war news the fearful cost of the lighting in Europe.  These young men are nc better than  those of whom we in the United  States had read before as being killed,  wounded or missing in the battles,  but they seem more real to us because  they went from our side of the world  and they are cur kind of people.  Some of them were so very recently  eager, cheerful, ambitious youths just  like our own boys a.nd our next door  neighbor's boys. Now they have sacrificed themselves and we feel how  deeply must be the anguish in homes  near us when the dreadful news  comes" over the cables.  It is pathetic, but it is more than  pathetic. With the story of the new  gaps in the Canadian ranks come also  stories of fresh recruiting in Canada,  Other boys are keenly intent on enlisting that they may follow where' their  companions have led. They are willing, glad even, to endure thc miseries  of trench life and to daiv tin: fatal  bullet.  .\'or is there a note of regret to he  heard from Canada over the deaths of  tlie young men who are gone. That is  significant. II m-ans an exaltation of  ��������� national spirit, a profound conviction  : that those who have died have died  | for sotn'ething thai, makes their  ; deaths worth while- There is a very  \ lofty idea somewhere in this war or  ; we "should be reading outbursts of hot  i indignation from the parents and tlie  | friends of the dead young men.  ' Sometimes we people on this; sitio  i of the boundary miss that fact about  ! the war. We aro too ready to de-  ! nounce war gerurally and to condemn  | this war with all others *s wanton  ; and cruel and unnecessary. Thc peo-  : p!e who aro fighting it. do not think  ; so. They aro imbued with the belief  'that there is something at. slake'for  ; which the highest price is not too  ! much to pay. It is not wanton waste  I of life in their eyes. ���������Detroit Krt'o  I Press.  Every one in our family is sonio  ; kind of animal," said Jimmie to the  ��������� amazed  preacher.  i     Why,   you   shouldn't   say   that,   the  | good man exclaimed.  j     Well, said Jimmie, mother's a dear,  jthc baby is mother's liitl" lamb, I'm  . the kid and dad's tlio goat  \  v^wrj^jww^^&rnwtx  TTSf  Tj^npjS'WT THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  i *���������  In an enthusiastic campaign for  a machine gun, the Daughters of  the Empire on Tuesday last secured $1,413.30 cash. Subscriptions afterwards paid in will swell  this amount to $1,516.90. The  Granby company, at a meeting of  tne committee this evening, decided  to make a contribution of $300, and  870 have been promised from individual contributors, making a total  ' of 81,886.90. This only leaves a  shortage ol' $113.10 of the $2,000 required for the purchase of two machine guns.  A couple of weeks ago a campaign  was  inaugurated   by  some  of   the  male population to raiae  funds  for  the purchase of one   machine   gun.  The campaign   was  carried   on in a  desultory and not altogether successful manner.    When the scheme was  turned over to the ladies there   was  an immediate change for the  better.  The   result  of  one day's strenuous  soliciting is given about.    However,  the men folk undoubtedly did   their  duty���������or   share   of   the work���������by  building a   bonfire  and  celebrating  tbe   event   after   the   ladies     had  brought in the cash.  The Sun has not been favored  with a list of nsmes of the subscribers to the fund for publication. This  fact is immaterial, however. Liberals delight in doiug good deeds in  an unostentatious manner. As long  as they know they have done their  duty, they are indifferent-to the ap-  plause of the multitude.  The   worst   electrical   storm that  has ever been known in this district  swept over the city yesterday   afternoon between 4 and 5   o'clock. , At  4:30  lightning   put  all of   the city  lighting plant out.of commission  by  burning up the switchboard.   The  measuring instruments, metres, etc.,  on the city   switchboard    were   destroyed.    A staff of- workmen   was  immediately     set     to     work     to  cutout out the burnt part and   con  nect   up the  city circuits, and light  and  power .was   again  turned   on  about 11 o'lock, after  six   hours  of  strenuous labor.    The power had to  be cut off the smelter fer  one   hour  to facilitate the repairs being   made.  Tbe aity was in darkness up till  11 o'clock, necessitating the cancellation of the attraction at the Empress theatre. Some narrow escapes from being struck by lightning  have   been reported.  While the repairs were being  made at the "substation last night  City El metrician Anderson was  slightly injured.  in a Round Hole  You may be alright, but if  you are in the wrong position  you are like a square peg in a  ���������round hole.   You want a position where you fit.  This paper is read by intelligent business men, and a  Want Ad. in our classified  columns will reach them.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  <������C)r\ I'EK ACRE-Tlieol<l Ciiulmm nmch of  vPzOU 312 iiorcs, nt Cascndc, ciiii be pur-  chu<ied at $20 per acre, if taken nt once. W.  IC. Ksiliiff  owner, Kossldnd.B. G.  AGENTS   WANTED  Mil EOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. E. Laws' ranch:  Min.  July 23���������Friday -52  24���������Saturday  do  25���������Sunday, 52  26���������Monday  51  27���������Tuesday  54  28���������Wednesday .. 53  29-Thursday  50  Max.  89  92  NEWS OF TH  Prof. Foster, the leading meteorologist of the United {States, predicted,  with remarkably accuracy, the  stormy ������weather experienced in this  district during the past week.- Tlie  people of the Kettle Valley would  be very grateful if Mr. Foster would  adumbrate a few weeks of sunshine  RIDKliS WANTKD ns iipents for our hijrli  irrndo bicycles. Write for low i>ricc<s to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYC^E WORKS, VICTORIA, B.C. -  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your   repairs   to   Armson, shoo   re-  1     pairor.     Tho    Hub.     Look- fo  Lloot  for  tho   Bi(f  SECOND-HAND    GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PiUftES paid for old Stoves  and    Kniifjcs.    li. C- Pecklmni,   Secondhand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOD   five room   house: two   blocks   from  post office.   Apply this office.  The intelligence of the German  attempt to torpedo tbe Cunard liner  Orduna was interesting but serious  news for Messrs. Wm. and R Lindsay, of this town, whose brother  David   was   the    wireless  operator  761 on board.���������Phoenix Pioneer.  SI  74  to  S3  Inches  Rainfall  0.49  In tbe copy of. tbe result of the  entrance examinations at the Grand  Forks public school, printed in The  Sun   last  week, two   names had in-  NEW   HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old    ~ ���������  stand on Bridge street,'and'.will manufacture  IViPw HarnAcc^  do  all  kinds  of*  lNeW nameSS harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  rec  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds. *  Upholstering. Neatly. Done.  R.CMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVEKOB  advertently b^en omitted. The-e  were Hector Morrison and Haymond  Quinlivan. The former ranked sixth  with 692 marks, and the latter occupied seventh place.  ���������'-jpjiBapiai  ������mm  9fl LBS  RoaiN hooo  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  a         a  Oats  u         ti  Porriage Oats  lt         a  Ferina  it         tt  Graham  tt         n  Whole Wheat  Men, MacDougall & IVlneDonald  are opening up anew clothing and  furnishing store in the old stand occupied by the Mann Drug company  next door to the British Columbia  Telephone company. It. would pay  you fo give them a call, and you  will find they carry the best and  cheapest line in town. Watch for  their opening days, which will be  announced later.  Ralph Pond, of Greenwood, has  been visiting friends in the city for  a few days   this week.  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by'  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  C. Tl. Nibs and Forbes M. Ferhv  returned on Tuesday from an auto  mobile trip to Vernon.  Mrs. Cash, who has been   visiting  Mrs. Kerman for a   few' weeks,    re-  NO PERSON shall ride or drive a  bicycle on any of the public sidewalks within tho limits of the Municipality of the City of Grand Forks.  Any person guilty of same .same shall  bo liable to u fine.  By order of Citv Council,  A. K SAVAGK,  Chief of Police.  turned to her home'in Naramata on  Tuesday.  ��������� Provincial Police .OrTicer'Stanfield  and Immigration Inspector P. T.  McCallum visited Phoenix hst. Friday.  For Sale at a . Bargain���������Span   of  horses, set of double harness and   a.  democrat ' wagon.      Apply'    Wm  Dinsmore, Columbia.  .Examiners of the British mission  on ' armament will probably'visit  Grand Forks on Tuesday or Wednesday next. The -mission of the  examiners is to pick skilled .labor  for employment in the ammunition  factories in Great,Britain.  Tom New by returned on Monday  from Gloucester camp. Tbe deal for  the bonding of four of his properties  by the Granby company, which hr.s  been pending for some time, has  been completed with the exception  of the signing of the papers by his  partners, Lee Merson, Howard Gar  nattand .Frank Loehr, who 'live on  the coast.  John Wanamaker says'in- Judicioits-  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  ej-k; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu!l is steady. lb increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts au it-resistible   power."  The Sun, at SI a your,-is superior  to any ������2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. Tins is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos.to gain now subscribers or to  hold those we alrcadv-ha-ve.  "Type was made to read"    This  fact is constantly kept   in   mind   at.  The Sun Print Shop.  J������ WMafflJgmAt^aiiwa^^  LY CO., LTD.-  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL  DEALERS  IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  A GAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT-'  Which will be sold at a  close  price  for  cash or approved credit. *       -'  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0. BOX 610  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels - .  I have opened a hicycles store next the Grand  .Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty  First and   Main   !  Grand  Forks,  B.  C.  J.-R. Mooyboer i"'st ar,d Main Sts-  Butter" Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  We SUN PRINT SHOP


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