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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jul 9, 1915

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 ��������� -nv-i '~"^\i\i'6  \a  liP  islatr.ve-L;  1  and  Kettle Valley Orchardist  /r'-...,<-^-- ������������������������������������<��������� ��������� ���������-, ?���������->,-.-x  A \  I'-1'  ���������  '���������   K.I I  ''���������-..V'-  ..>"  ^ s  -FOURTEENTH YEARr-No. |36  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, JULY 9, 1915  SliOO PER YEAR  li.-  j Fritz, Brenda Humphreys, Lizzena  j Irving, Bernice Kennedy,' Zoe Kirk,  [Cecelia Lyden, Arthur Patterson.  'Recommended: Marjory Hoover.-  S| ' To Division Ill-Junior IV B���������Remaining in the Class: Doris Burdon,  Edith Coryell, Maud Cunningham,  Vera Donaldson; Gladys Rashleigh.  Promoted from Senior III A: Harold  Fair, Helen Massie,.Ewing McCallum  The "honor rolls.supplied by the ] Ambrose McKinnon; "Margaret- Michr  department   of ,education   for pro- [ener, Amy Murray, Robert O'Connell,  ficiency, deportment and highest  yearly attendance in the different  divisions of the public school have  been awarded>s follows:  /-4C-- FOR PROFICIENCY.  Division I���������To be decidad by entrance results.  Division II���������Earl King.,  Division III���������Wilfred Brown.  Division IV���������Morris Baineson.  Division .V���������Harold King.  -��������� Division VL^-Lilian Hull.  Division VII���������Guner Halle.  'Division VIII���������James Clark.  Division IX���������Harry Cooper.  '    ,v FOR DEPORTMENT.  Division I���������Willard Shaw..  Division II���������Anna Beran.'  -Division III���������Brenda Humphreys.  Division IV���������Coreua Harkness.  Division V���������Helen Simpson.  .Division VI���������Dorothy Meikle.  Division. VII���������Charlotte .Luscombe  Disvision VIII���������;Ruth Hesse.  Division IXt���������Edna Luscombe.  For attendance the following were  highest and equal:   ..  -   Division   I���������Ida   DeCew, Mildred  Meikle, Laurena Nichols.  ��������� Division II���������Margaret " Graham,  Gladys Latham, Fred Meinel, Eddie  Mcllwaine. *  Division III���������Bernard Crosby.  Margaret Miohener.  Division IV���������Julia Dosvney, Ame  lia Wiseman.  Division V���������Charles Cooper, Frances Latham, Cecelia Crosb}', Isabel  Bowen, Clara Bruuner!  Division VI���������Nellie Allen, Laviha  Crowder, Chow Fung.  Division VII���������Annie Crosby, Jack  Miller, Clarence Donj.ld.sori, John  Lane, Alice Erickson.' *  Divisiori'VIII���������Olive Irving, Louis  Gill, Ruth Larama.  Division IX���������Henry Reid, Hazel  Waldron.  ���������The following is the list of pupils,  alphabetically , arranged, and the  claeses to .which they have been assigned as a result of tbe past term's  work and the June tests. Because  of opening the tenth class-room, the  class the pupil has entered should  be considered rather than the number, of the class-room. Pupils who  .have fallen below the minimum in  only one subject are allowed to continue as "recommended" pupils:  To Division I, Senior IV B���������Entrance Class: Marie Barrrum, Tred  -Bat-lee, Anna Beran, Pearl Bryenton,  Margaret Graham, Merle Herr. Mil  died Hutton, Engeman Jacobsen,  Ethel. Jacobsen, Kathleen Kerby,  Earl King, Edith Larsen, Gladys La  thain, Ada" Lennon, James Lyden,  Sarah McCallum, Eddie Mcllwaine,  Abram Mooyboer, Kathleen O'Connor, Thomas Reaburn, Fritz Schliehe,  Frances Sloan, Agnes Stafford, Violet  Walker, Uvo Wells. Recotuinended:  i Laura Allen, Lily Ardiel, Muriel  Galloway, Harriett Gaw, John Herr,  Gwenny Mcllwaine, Viola Pell.  To  Division   II,   Junior   IV A���������  Remaining in' Class:    Joseph   Beran,  Susie Brown, Garibaldi Bruno,  Dorothy   Burns,   George   Cooper,    Mary  Cooper, Evelyn Haner,Ruby Keeling  Lilian Kelleher, Loretta Lyden, Wil  lie Meikle, Fred Meinel Victor Reed,  Archie Symes. Promoted from Junior  IV B: Wilfred Brovvu, Helen   Camp  bell, Bernard Crosby,   Amy   Heaven,  Dorothy    Jacobsen,    Donald    Laws.  Recommended: Aurena Barnum,IIope  Berrson, Earl Kelleher, Rose Peterson,  Ethel Wright.  Junior IV B���������Remaining in Class:  Clarence Crosby, Teddy Dempsey,  Gwendolyn Humphreys, Lyda Kelleher, Muriel Spraggett, Frank Verzuh.  Promoted from Senior III A: Phyllis  Atwood,    Vernon   Forrester, Francis  Vernon Siddall, Vernon,Smith.   Rec  omrnended:    Gordon Murray.  To Senior III A���������Remaining in  the .Class: Anna Anderson. Promoted  from Senior III B: Morris Baineson,  Budd Briggs, Gladys Bryenton, Julia  Downey, Alfred .Do,wney,Ruth Erickson, Ray Forreste-ri' Alice ��������� Galipeau,  Isabelle Glaspell, Corena Harkness,.  Harold Hood, George Meikle, Jennie  Miller, Peter. Miller, Glory Morrison,  Aleeta Nichols, Lottie Peterson, Ed  ward Potentier, Antoinette Schliehe,  Rose Truxler, Amelia Wiseman.  To Division IV, Senior III B���������Re  maining in-the Class: Olivine Gali  peau Promoted from Junior III A:  Charlie Bishop, Isabel Bowen, George  Bryer, Teddy Cooper. Cecelia Crosby,  Howard DeCew, Norma Erickson,  Margaret Fowler. George Hodgson.  Harry Kelleher, Harold King, Guner  Lindgren, Kenneth McArdle, Reid  McKie, Gladys McLauchlan, Jean-  nette Raeburn, Eloise Stafford, Fred  Wiseman. Recommended. Lenore Cro-  nant, Annie Crosby, Randolph Davis,"  Sam Erickson, Walter Larsen, Boyd  Nichols, Denis O'Connor, Chris Pell,  Joseph Rowlandson.  To Junior III A���������Remainiug in  the Class: Jack Brau, Nellie Mills,  Ernile Painton, Helen Simpson, Willie  Sprinthall, Grace Wiseman. Promoted  from Junior III B:   Ellen Harkness.  To Division V, Junior III A���������Promoted from Junior III B: .Tannis  Barlea, May Crosby, Marjory Keron,  Frances Latham, Peter Peterson, Ar  thur Wallace. Recommended: Ciarlie  Cooper, Amy Peckham. .    *  To Junior III B���������Remaining in  the Class: Ester Andersen, Emma  Irving, Mary Miller, Alice Ryan,  Percy Stacy. Promoted from Senior  II: Or ville Baker, Mary Beran, Syd  ney Buxton, Coryl Campbell, Lavina  Crowder, Grace Graham, Graae Green,  Willie Grenier. Lilian Hull, Thelma  Hutton, Blanche Kennedy, Dean  Kennedy, Flora McDonald, Dorothy  Meikle, Willie Nelson.Oswaid Walker  John Meinel Recommended: .Clara  Brunner, Reggie Heaven, David McDonald, Nick Skrebneff, Frances  U'Ren.  To' Division   VI,   Senior   II���������Remaining   in   Class:   Gladys Armson,  Ernest Baker, Arthur Bryenton,Clarence Hoover, Melville'Hoover,Robert  Laurie,    Lawrence    McKinnon,   Leo  Mills, James Needham, Harold Quin  livan, LeoniaReed, Willie  Skrebneff,  Mark   Truxler,   Leona U'Ren.    Pro  moted from First Reader to Junior II:  Pearl Brau, Margaret    Bruno, Connie  Burden. Kenneth   Campbell,   Freddie  Cooper, Annie Crosby, John DeVisser  Clarence Donaldson. Harry Dmytryk,  Ruth   Eureby,   Chow   Fung,   Lizzie  Gordon,    Hardy   Griswold,    Gnnner  Halle, Llewellyn   Humphreys,   Anita  Jacobsen, Vera Lyden,   Alberta   Mc  Leod, Kenneth Murray,Holen O'Con  nell.     Recommended:  Alphon^eGali  peau, John Lane.  To Division VII���������Promoted from  First Reader to Junior II. James  Pell, Alice Peterson, John Peterson,  Jeff Ryan, Dorothy Schliehe, Gladys  Siddon, Janet  Stacey,   Evelyn   Staf  inn views  IHE  'Yer arsk we wot hi .'thinks abaht  the bloomin' war? Hif hi didn't see  yer wos a real gent hand too hold to  'ave a huniform hon yer back hi'd  tell year wot hi thort o' jou, but  seein' as 'ow yer too hold an' ax me  civil loike, hi'll tell yer wot hi  thinks:  'Ee wos hi livin' 'appy an' content at 'time wif farther an' mother  down Witechapel wye, near the  Docks, halong wif my brothers���������  three of 'em an' two sisters ori  holder'n mean' the biby, an' they  hall wos maikin' money 'cep me,  has hi wos jest styin' 'ome'elpin'  mother wif ��������� the biby, tho'mother  an' farther b>th did sye as 'ow they  loiked my Bill wot h Y wos keepin'  conip'ny wif, an' 'e wos workin' hin  a good steddy job too. Han' then  comes the bloody war! hau' bupset  the 'ole of us. .Farther, tho' 'e wos  too hold���������'avin' served 'is toime an'  r .  bein' re-tired���������wif honor has a servant wif a pension���������'e goes an' hof-  fers 'is service for 'is king an' country. Bein' as 'ow 'e wos with-hout  nanythink against 'im in 'is pypers  an' seein' as.'pw 'e 'ad four medals  han' a Jot o' them, things they corl  -ciarsps, blow me hif 'e warn't taken  hon at onct han' put hon ful pye!  Nah���������nab���������don't yer bother me  hif yer wants meter tell yer! Farther  wos jest wanted to drill the hoys wol  'listed an' 'e was hable ter come  'ome to mother one dye hevery   two  First Reader: Clarence Mason, Ethel  Miller, Jack Miller, Elsa Morella,  Elsie Nelson, Rita Niles, Nick Verzuh, Edmond Wells, Helen Wharton.  Recommended: Dorothy Latham.  To Second ^Primea���������Remaining in  the Class: Jenuie Allen, Walter Andersen, May Farmer, Freddie Galipeau, Emily Penrose, Lloyd Quin-  iivan, Stuart Ross, Jack Stacey. Promoted from First Primer: Charles  Andetson, Vera Bickerton, Grace  Brau, Fred Bryenton, Frances Caron,  Herbert Clark, James Clark, Michael  Chernoff, Gertrude Cook, Harry  Cooper, Dorothy DeCew, Louis Gill,  Margaret Hucxirig, Arne Halle, Arthur Hesse, Ruth Hesse, Isabelle hi-  ness, Olive Irving, Lem John, Sylvester Kraus, Ruth Larama, Janet Lich -  off, Elsie Liddieoat, Edna Luscombe,  Kenneth . Massie. Recommended:  Charles  Shannon,  Peter Switlichnoff.  To Diviiion IX, Second Primer���������  Remaining in Second Primer: Vivian  McLeod. Promoted from First Primer:  Violet- Meikle, Ivan Morrison, Lome  Murray Hazel Nystrom, Marvin  Penrose, Marguerita Pessi, Walter  Rashleigh, Emerson Reid, Bertie Scotf  Rupert Sullivan, Lucy Teabo, Hazel  Waldron, Mildred Wetlrerell, Helen  Wiseman. Recommended: George  Manson, Fern Sheeley.  First Primer���������Remaining in Class:  Earl Fitzpatrick,Frank Gordon,Doro-  ford, Clare U'Ren,    Lewis. Waldron, j thy McLauchlan, Henry Reid.     Pro-  weeks. 'E warn't hin no dainger,  an' mother didn't think nothink  hof it until my boldest brother,  Jack, come 'ome an' told us as 'ow  'e'd 'Ifsted an' wos agoin' ter the  war. Jack alius was a good lad as  hi mind since hi woa a kid, an'  wiles 'e's holder'n me hi.can alius  mind 'ow good 'e ,wos to us 'hall at  'ome wen 'e wos workin' an' times  'ard wif us Jack,'e never took no  bper an' ,wen 'e come 'ome Sat'dy  night'e'anded hover'is money ter  mother arfter arskin' jarther hif 'e  wanted a shillin'. Hower Jack wos  diff'rent to most boys; 'e'd never lie  abed Sundays, but'e.tuk proide in  geftin' hup afore hanywan in the  'ouse���������maikin' a cup o' tea an',  taikin' hup tea ter farther an'  mother afore they, thort o' gettin'  hup. Then Jack ud go hout an'  come back 'ome for 'is dinner alook-  in' so pleezed an' 'appy alius, so hi  did feel shore it wos no gal 'e alius  went to see them Sundays.  An' then Fred chucked 'is work  an' 'listed an' cos 'e looked so good  in ther euniform hi s'pose Ed thort  'e must go too An' so 'e did Mat-  tie, that's my boldest sister,-'ap  peued to be a nurse in ther orspital  an' hoffered her services to go hon  ther battlefields an' she's there now  an' hi do 'opes she's^ horl rite, but  yer knever knows. Nettie, wot hi  uster ply wif, she bein' near'n to me  hown aige, unbeknownst ter farther  an' mother, goes to a clarse fer  young nurses wot mite p'raps be  wanted at the war. Now she's gorn  too. Farther an' mother 'owled their  pore hyes hout an' then sed as no  matter 'ow it 'urt, ther children wos  adoin' of ther dooty an' as Gawd  knowpd best.  An' 'ere 'in hi, in a big 'ouse in  ther West Hend, a'tryin' to do my  dooty as parlormaid to a lidy 'ose  'usband is a big general hat'the war  ���������jest to VIp mother an'ther' biby  wot's hall alone at 'ome, an' yer  arsks me wot hi thinks abaht ther  war? Me brothers an' sisters ori  gorn ter ther battlefields; farther too  hold ter go but adoin' 'is bit 'ere;  my Bill, wot I kep comp'ny wif,  gorn ter ther war! Wot do hi think  of ther war? HI thinks of nuflink  but ther bloomin' war, but hall.me  thinkin' ain't agoin' ter stop it bun-  til ther henemy his lick'd proper,  so, woi's ther good er thinkin'.���������  Cbas. Walter.  Ethel Wiseman, Frank Worden.  Rec  omrnended: Herbert Heaven.  To First Reader���������Remaining in the  Class: Nellie Allen, Lola Baker,  Hilda Smith, Harry Stacey. Promoted from Second Primer to First  Reader: Joseph Bishop, John Blue-  kins, Clifford Brown, Alvin Bryer,  Harry Carpenter, Florence ��������� Coomber,  Francis Croshy, Alice Erickson, Mary  Fleming, Irene Frrnkovitch, Regina  Frechette, Ernest Green, Horace  Green,"Nora Harris, Doris Kennedy,  Esther Laurie, Charlotte Luscombe,  Annie Marovich. Recommended:  Teddy Caron, Joseph Japp.  To Division VIII, First   Reader���������  Promoted    from   Second    Primer   to  moted from receiving class. Janet  Bonthron, Gordon Clark, John Duke,  Edith Eureby, Alice George, Ernest  Hadden, Bessie Harkness, Herbert  Harris, James Innes, Gladys Jewell,  Joseph Lyden, John Matesa, Paulina  Mohler, Gordon McCallum, Nick  Ogiloff, May Ogiloff, Rosina Pe.-s!,  Carl Peterson, Waldemar Peterson,  Ethel Sale, Peter Santano, James  Shannon, John Stafford, Michael Verzuh, Colby Wiseman,George Wallace.  To Division X, Receiving Class���������  Remaining in the Class: Brima Bera-  zowska, Antone DeWilrle, George  Francis, -Wiflium Mola, Jigi Morella,  Lily Sale, John Santano. Joe Snioteii-  off,  Daniel Wilson.  Wreck in Granby Yard  About a dozen ore cars broke  loose from the engine in the smelter  yard last Tuesday and started down  the track. Two of them reached  the furnace room, where one of  them run jnto the foreman's oflice  and was wrecked. The one following piled on top of it. No one was  injured, but. had any one been in  the oflice at the time the runaway  cars made their unwelcome intrusion  he would have met with instant  death.  WILL RESUM!  Work is to be resumed at once on  tbe Yankee Girl and Yankee Boy,  situate on Hardy mountain, about a  mile from the western city limits.  W. J.. Campbell, the present owner  of the property, arrived in the city  this week from Republic, accompanied by J. S. Bedin, who will act  as his manager. Mr. Campbell has  since purchased a supply of lumber  for buildings at the property. A  wagon road will also be built from  the mine to the government road.  The property has an ancient and  interesting history. The two claims  were originally owned by E. Sprag- .  gett. of this city, and Mr. McGregor/  of Danville. These gentlemen sold  them to a syndicate for.815,000  each. Shortly after they passed'  into the hands of tbe new owners  they were tied up by litigation, and  for the past fourteen or fifteen years  they have apparently been forgotten.  Seventeen years ago, before   there  was   a   railway into the Boundary  country,   the   property   was worked  profitably.    Tbe ore  vras hauled by  wagon from the mine  to   Bossburg,  and from that point it was shipped  to the Everett smelter, which at that  time  was  the  only smelter  in the  Pacific northwest.    The ore shipped  is said to have given returns of over  $200 per ton.  The development work done on  the property up to the present time  consists of a 200 foot tunnel, connected by a shaft. The lead is not  very wide, but the ore is all high  grade, and with the improved smelting facilities in this country the  mine should prove a profitable investment to ne^v owner.  Mining Institute Meeting  The twentieth general meeting of  the members of the western branch  of the Canadian Mining Institute  will be held in Rossland on Thursday, July 15, when several papers  having special reference to the mining industry will be read. Members  are earnestly requested to make a  special effort to attend, and non-  members are cordially invited to be  present and take part in the expected discussions. Any members  intending to contribute papers are  invited to notify the secretary, E.  Jacobs, as soon as possible.  No Immediate Election  "The provincial   election  will   be  held     within    tbe     constitutional  time.    There   will   have  to be   an  election before April  next, and   the  question of holding a  general    election   of members  to the legislative  !assembly has to be  decided, constitutionally,   within   the  next     few  New Roadmaster ! months.    But just  at  the moment  E. Walker late Canadian Pacific t there is no extra emergency for one,  railway roadmaster on the section of inasmuch as the money markets of  main line between Cedar and Field, | the world are still much depressed,  with headquarters at Golden, has \ If there was anything to be gained  been transferred to a similar posi-' by an immediate appeal to .the peo-  tion on the Boundary division, with pie it would be by way of securing  headquarters iu this city. He ar-, monetary assistance in the present  rived in Grand Forks on Monday'. local conditions." So declared Sir  last.    Mr. Walker is a son-in law of I Richard , MeBride   on   Monday  at  K. Forrester, of this city. j Victoria on his return from England   :  ; an(j j^g eaflti  A   cat   will    not look at a king if    there is a mouse in sight.  Often   imagination   makes invalids. THE    SUN,   GRAND'   FORKS,    B. C.  s  A GOOD KJHEW IN  A CLEAN WRAPPER.  10' GENTS PER" PLUG  in  Lions Have raised wages for unskilled  labor to such a high point in our  '���������cities, that it lias drained the-country  of all help available- .Hence the production of farm products has been  materially remiced. With extension  work now stopped, our' cities are  forced to spend valuable time and  money in meeting the acute situation  ,, ,..-,, .  . of their unemployed. In a lnrga rneas-  woiiiiuproe. realizing lhat tho opinions   ,���������.e   Ulcse men ,ire flpoilod  aml l1o I10t  ol other people would be, not only in-   buow ll0Vv- t0 rt,nd8r value for wages  Icrpstiiig "   " '     '"'      '"  struct! vc  Canada's Opportunity is in Her Abil  to   Grapple   With   Commercial  Conditions  (Journal of Commerce;  A short   while ago,  the Journal  ity  of  only into its readers,  hut  also in-! asked.   Our contention is thai, unskill-  md lieliuul in business, sent   ed  lnbor JU1IS(   re(lnc0  ilK  p,.|cei  a���������,i  out a icrcular letter containing six  questions, to lire more important business houses in Canada. Since then, a  great, many replies havo been published which havo created nearly as much  meaty thought as the following, which  was received from .Mr. John I. Brown,  sales manager of Curm, Langlois &  Company, LiniiLed: ���������  Dear Sirs,��������� ""  Your letter of April Stir, requesting  answers to certain questions asked  therein, has been received and noted.  that the out-of-works must, he willing  to go back lo the farms and work as  apprentices for at least one full year.  Following this, some steps could be  taken by the government in, placing  men on available land to develop Canada's virgin soil, lhat is only Waiting  for proper cultivation, and when properly farmed, would place us back.on  the basis of an export country, whero  we rightly belong.'  It is, of course, an  easy matter to  [ind   fault, particularly  after work is  t-siraJly very little attention is paid to j done.   This is not our object.   17, how-  In'clian Prince's Guns of Pure Geld  The tlaekwar of Baroda, tiie .well-  known Indian Police, has a battery  of artillery consisting of gold and  silver guns.  There arf. four guns, two of gold  and two of silver. The gold guns  were made in 1S7-1 by an artisan  of Lakha, who worked on them for  live, years. .Thoy weigh -100 pounds  each, and except for the steel lining  are of solid gold. They aro mounled on  gun-carriages of carved wood, overlaid with silver. In 1STC. when the  Gaokwar went fo Bombay to meet  the than I'rince of Wales, he too."  tho gold guns witu him to saintf���������  the ��������� I'rinqe, and that was the only  occasion on which thoy have, been  allowed to leave the Slate' of Baroda.  circular letters of this kind, but inas  much as the Journal of Commerce is I  playing! such an important part in |  Canadian industrial conditions today, J  we have noted each question careful-!  3y. If our judgment as set forth' in !  the answers we give is of any value'  to you. we are glad to be of service.';  1st-���������There is a feeling of optimism '  that is marked, perhaps irt. a fairly j Provinces show us  email degree, in the different lines of j precaution     being  -ever, our governments should undertake a '.'^ack-to-the-Land campaign,  and be successful iu gaining this worthy and necessary end. they should  endeavor to place sufficient restrictions upon the opening up of new territory, to. prevent our  today becoming a bed  able weeds tomorrow,  the  ��������� trade; at rhe same time, there is a  marked lack of stability that has always characterized our markets in  former years.,. ,  2nd.���������The 'opening ot navigation  ���������will not particularly affect our trade,  or in fact any. line of business unless  it will be possible for Canada to increase production to such an extent  as to permit of a surplus, which would  enable us to export. Freight boats  will no doubt"be available for any  such trade offering, although the service will be much slower than we have  been accustomed to of late-years; that  is, we may have to be satisfied with  a slower and less efficient service on  account, of the war.  ."rd.���������The "Made-in-Ganada" movement is bound to help "some trade, at  least in a small way. Our judgment,  however, is that in a very large measure, it is a hoax, serving only as a  blanket'to ba used by some manufacturers and dealers .to work off inferior stock. Canada as a great agricultural or manufacturing country will  never benefit by a purely "Made-in-  CanadS" movement until such time as  our. exhibits are first standardized, so  that- our products will be models of  perfection and efficiency. If the coun-  n-y in general is to permanently profit  by such a term as "Made-in-Canada."  '.here should be some government re-  itrictions placed on all export bearing  :his stamp.  ���������Illi.���������So far as we know, the ".Wade-  n-Canada" is being supported but not  D.y any. means in a general way.  There seems to be a lack of confidence, caused no doubt, by. the fact  :hat men have tried to commercialize  the patriotism of the public to the  'Made-in-Canada" movement. This has  certainly had a tendency-to make the  thinking public stop and wonder just  what their duty is to such a movement, and if loyal support given would  result in general as well as permanent profit to all or only to a few. 'We  reel sure that investigation would prove  our contention, that in many cases,  the one word "hoax", could be substituted for "Made-in-Canada."  .There is a need for bigger and better Canadian effort. Canada can and  should do more. Individual citizens  can and should do more, but let us  not trifle with such serious matters.  .More and better products "Made-to-  S.tandard," and many slogans could  mean more to Canadian products  abroad than "Made-in-Canada.". unless,  some government restrictions were  placed on the free use of the term by  the general public.  fitli.���������In several lines of our standard food products, we have "had a  marked increase over the-same period last year, but a decrease is shown  in our special or higher priced .pro-  duets, 'jjhis shows that the general  ���������public do ..not always buy thoughtfully, but rather base their calculations  on the supposition that eggs at 25c are  cheaper than eggs at 2Se per dozen,  and bacon at LMc is cheaper than bacon at L'l'c per lb. irrespective of the  food value or service that same will  render.  Yoii will at once note the connection  in the writer's thought re the necessity for standardization. This is essential before the unthinking or uneducated public carr buy and be safeguarded agaiirst.���������"This is just as  good and so much cheaper."  Gth.���������Despite the .fact that conditions are somewhat upset at the present time, Canada's future opportunity  lies in her ability to grapple with her  commercial conditions now and within  the next six months. There is bound  to Ira an increased demand for food  products. These will have to be produced before they cau be marketed.  Much planning and .careful preparation is necessary to increase production. Before farm production can be  increased economically, the farmer  has got to secure sufficient help at  iU value, arrd this he has not been  able to do during the last few years.  The greatest reason why the farmer  has not been able to secure sufficient  help at its value during recent years  is that, large contractors and corpora-  W. N. U. 1054  virgin soil ���������f  of uumanage-  Our Prairie  need for. such  taken. Farmers  should not be allowed to own more  land than they can cultivate properly.  This can be accomplished by making  each one responsible for the spread of  noxious weeds from his farm or some  such measure.  We have tried to give you our views  as clearly as possible, feeling that the-  Journal of Commerce can do much in  meeting critical conditions, and inasmuch, as the future success of any  movement always depends very largely on its present policy, we feel that  you can render special service by securing the view points or outlook of  ���������commercial houses, and presenting  such to your thinking patronage. In  your good work, fighting in this way  the battles of your empire at home,  we wish you every success.  Yours faithfully,  (Sgd.)       JOHN 1. BROWN.  Sales  Manager.  Poultry Pointers  Four Rules to Follow in Order to Secure  Maximum   Egg  Production  Egg production depends on four  things and if any of these four be  absent, maximum egg production need  not be expected, says a new bulletin  from Purdue University Agricultural  Kxporimcnt  .Station.  .1���������Tiic ucn must be bred to lay,  that is she must have that invisible  inheritance that gives her capacity  and ability to lay. Some people call  this "an inborn tendency to lay." This  means that the breeding will have  more-in.'luii'ce. than the breed. Breeding surely tells.  2���������The hen must be physically  strong enough to withstand the drain  of heavy egg production, and the  chances of disease. She must be able  to withstand the abuse that man generally gives her by making her environments unnatural, be able to lay  a large number of eggs when prices-  are high, and produce h'atchaule  germs when the incubation season arrives. Constitutional vigor is of "-first  importance, and though, the hen be  well-bred, , if she has some physical  weakness that is either hidden or apparent, the' results will be unsatisfactory.  3���������The hen must have suitable environmental conditions, such as housing, yarding, condition of range, etc.  The house is the home of the' hen,  and as such should be comfortable.  Dampness, draft and poor ventilation,  all retard egg production. A small  yard or bare range is not conducive  to success.  A���������The hen makes eggs out of the  food given. She depends upon it and  must have it in large enough quantities to induce rapid growth and large  production. A hen cannot lay well  on just any food that may be given.  This has been demonstrated too many  times on the farm and at experiment  station.  Egg production is one of the chief  aims of the poultry raiser, and it is  for this reason that these four tilings  are mentioned. They are given in the  order of their importance. The bird  itself must be the first consideration-  From answers to questions sent out  over Ihe state of Indiana it was seen  that the market side of the question  is the most, important phase of farm  poultry. A few people find it profitable to sell stock and eggs for fancy  purposes, but the commercial side is  by far the most popular with the farmer. Poultry is a. side issue on the  farm and a part of diversified farming,  but there seems to be a rapidly growing sentiment to make the hen have  a more important position than she  has had in the past. This is proven by  Hie statement that 101 out of 70-1  keep poultry as an important, means  of livelihood. -.'  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed, by.exposure f o Sun, Dust and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  EyeRcnjedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Drug-gist's SOc per .Bottle. Murine Eya  SaIvciriTubes25c. FovOoohoKheEyeFreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago  Harrows and Weeds/  " There is no better weed destroyer  than the. harrows, if they are .used  at the .correct time- "Most farmers  will have noticed that on a moderately tine tilth, and after a few warm  days,,,lhc seeds of the various annual  woeds that have been lying in. the  soil all appear to come up at once  iv ill i a rush, and if the land is harrowed just as these weeds are beginning to appear -through the soil,  millions' of them will be destroyed.' If  they are left two or three days beyond the correct time, only a small  percentage of them will be actually  pulled up, as they very quickly get  a tight hold in the soil. Generally  speaking, the harrows are much more  required . on grain '.han the roll, even  on quite light soils, and it may bp  taken  as  a  rule   to  be  broken.   '  As Lydia E. Pinkham's Vege-  |   table Compound Dispelled  Backache* Headaches '  and Dizziness.  Piqtia, Ohio.���������"I would be very ungrateful if I failed to give Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound' tho  praise it'deserves,  for I have taken it  at different times  and it always re-  -lieved me when  other medicines  failed, and when I  bjiar a woman complain I always rec-  ommenditLastwin-  ter I was attacked  with a severe case of organic weakness.  I had backache^ pains in my hips and  over my kidneys, headache, dizziness,  lassitude', had no energy, limbs ached  and Iwas always tired. I was hardly  able to do my housework, 1 had taken  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound on one other occasion, and it had  helped me so I took it again and it has  built me up, until now I feel like a new  woman. You have iny hearty consent  to use my name and testimonial in any  way and I hope it will benefit suffering  -women."���������Mrs. Orpha TURNER, 431 S.  Wayne St., Piqua, Ohio.  Women who are suffering from those  distressing ills peculiar to their sex  should not doubt the ability of Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound to restore their health.  J f yon want special ad vice  writo to Lydia E. Finklmm Medicine Co., (confidential) Lynn,  Mass. Your letter will Tbe opened,  read and answered by a- woman  und keltl in strict confidence.  Taube   Originated   From   Indian   Leaf  The Taube aeropla're  was invented  by an  Austrian.  When in India he noticed that the  loaves of the zanonia tree, as they  fell, floated for a long distance before they settled. This he found to  be due to the peculiar shape of the  leaves, aud the wings of his aeroplane he constructod on a similar  principle, whilst the body he finished in Ihe-shapa of a dove.  The German war staff approved  and improved thj design, and adopted it for military, use by sheathing  it in steei and adding to its dove  shape the vulture's habits.  Schools of  .Of  will  help - their  the home farms.  model home with  how  to  build' a  Albertn  Taking the  Lead  in  Practical  Work  Along   Educational   Lines  It has been public properly for some  time thai, ihe agrici liural schools established by the department   of agri-  ���������allure for Alberta aro'proving an tin-  inalified   success. ��������� The  most, caustic  ritics of Ihe scliei_c havo  long ago  -.cknowledged    that    the  minister of  gi'iculture was    right and they wove  ������ ,-rong.     These  schools ' havo accom-  I plished -something'which all tho agricultural  colleges    have    failed to do,  namely, they .have reached the maximum number of boys on the farms and  have given them practical scientific instruction without in any way weaning  them    from    the  farms,    They rhave  taken  hold of tl.e boys and the girls  who have had such limited opportunities of-education that they could not  have been admitted to any college,-and  have made them feel that their.practical knowledge of-, farm conditions was  an off-set fo their lock'of book learning,   and. having -saved   their   self-respect     in  this  way.' have stimulated  their ambition to add the knowledge  obtainable  from  books to their practical experience-  In the carpenter shop of the school  at   Olds   during   the   past   winter  the  boys   made   models   of. the   buildings  which  this  summer  fathers  to erect on  The boy who took a  him  knew-', not  only  larga building by. that model, but he  knew to a foot of lumber and a pound  of cement the  material required and  what it would cost to build.   The great  beauty   of the   instruction    at   these  schools  is  that" not''ing_ is  attempted  which a boy may not later do on his  own   farm -if  he   have  patience   and  perseverance.  , The girls _who attend these schools  are not only" receiving instruction in  domestic science, 'dress making, .and  laundry work, but they are receiving  exactly the same instruction as the  boys in poultry raising, horticulture  and dairying.  While the schools are closed during  the summer, work iu connection with  the schools bv nc means ceases. The  dairy competition which was carried  on last year is this year being increased to herds of three cows instead of individuals, and a very largo number of  students 'have entered the competition. The prizes given for these competitions are pure bred stock, and the  successful competitor can choose a  calf, pig or sheep. Last-year :(0 young  animals were distributed in this way.  The competitions rre open to both  boys and gn'hs. and last year one of  the successful competitors was a girl.  Another competition that is being  carried on is that of growing alfalfa  seed. Three prizes are offered���������$25,  $15 and $10���������for the best bushel of alfalfa seed to be delivered in 1816. Already 74 boys have entered this competition, and they are scattered all  over Alberta from. Cardston on the  south to Vermilion on the north. None  of this seed will be grown under irrigation.  The money for these prizes was  donated by several of the large lumber  companies in Alberta. The head of ona  of these companies, noting how much  was being said by the Bankers' association about mixed farming, went to  the Hon. Duncan Marshall and asked  him if there was anything that they  could do to help. Mr. Marshall seized  the opportunity anr. told the.lumberman that be would like $150 to distribute in prizes for the growing of alfalfa seed. This would'be $50 for each  school divided as above. The lumberman went away and came back in a  few days with the money. While so far  no girls have entered the competition,  it is open to them shoilld they wish to  do so.  During the summer a number of  special women institute meetings will  be held, and the instructors of.'domestic science from the different schools  will seek to bring the advantages of  these schools directly home to tha  mothers of the province. In addition to  this there will be a demonstration  train which will give special attention  to the newer lines of railway, particularly in the northern part of the province.  .Alberta, is not to be without its  agricultural college, however. An agricultural college section of the university will open next October with a competent faculty. This will give an opportunity to the boys'who wish to. go  further than the two years' course of  the agricultural schools, to obtain adequate training and obtain a degree. Dr.  Tory, the head of the university, has  been'very keen on this for some time,  and already a dear, of agriculture in  the person of E. A. Ho ves, B.S.A., has  been selected.���������Free Press.  To Neglect Flax  Would   be   Great   Mistake "This   Season - ���������  ll seems more than likely that ������.  by-product of the "Greater- Production" movement, fostered by the expected shortage in tho world's food  supply, will be an actual lessening'of  the acreage of ilax grown this year.  This, of course, will mean higher  prices than ever for flaxseed, .and big  pro 11 Is for the level-headed farmers  who, see and grasp the opportunity.  Flaxseed is selling now for around  $1.SO.cash; October is quoted at $1.8!J;  if seeding reports show a decrease in  acreage, prices will doubtless go still  higher.  The early seeding this spring, and  the fact that under normal, conditions  flax ean.be sown up'-to" June, and  grown -successfully on new breaking,'  gives farmers a chance to., get busy,  a":ter olhor grains have been sown,  and get in enough flaxseed to add very  materially to the year's'pro fits.  We have been training ,our youth"  merely to he better farmers, but this  is only half. What lo do with the  school, the church, the rural organization, the tcombinaliouj-: of trade, the  highways,'.the architecture, tho library, the beauty of the landscape, the  country store, the rousing of a fine  community helpfulness to talce the  place of the old selfish individualism,  and a hundred other ��������� activities is  enough lo fire the imagination and to  strengthen the arm of any young  man or woman.���������L. H- Bailey.  GLOVES AND MITTS  Union Made  FIT, QUALITY and WORKMANSHIT  OUR MOTTO  Samples sent your dealer on request  R. G. LONG & CO., LIMITED, Toronto  KEEP THE MEN  When Hubby "Lights Up"  for his after-dinner smoke, be  sure he has a match which  will give himCa steady light,  first stroke���������Ask your Grocer  for  EDDY'S  ii  One of their many Brands  Two Irishmen arranged to fight a  duel with pistols. One of them was  distinctly stout, anr, when ho saw his  lean adversary facing him he raised  an objection. "Bedad!" he said, "I'm  twice a3 big a target as he is, so I  ought to stand twice as far away from  him as he is fr\ in me."  Our Eestv Commander  Sir Douglas Haig, commander of  tire first British army, has earned thi  greatest reputation, so far, of am  British officer engaged iu the war-  Hamilton Herald.  A western horseman tells of a joe  key at Windsor, across the line fron  Detroit, who was recently indisposed  "If. I don't get rid of this cold soon,'  said the youngster, '"I'll be a deac  one."  "Didn't you see Dr. Spinks as I tolr  you?" asked a friend.  "No; the sign on the door said 'It  to 1' and I wasn't going to monke;  with a long shot like that."  ,j:;;/- ���������    f  'ty  U ".  ffHE   SEN,.  GRAND   FORKS a B. a  The Congestion From- A Bad Cold.  If Rubbed on at Night You're Well Next Morning-  Nerviline    Never    Fails  There is no telling how quickly Kor-  vijine breaks up a hard racking cough,  eases a tight chest, relieves a pleuritic  pain. Why, there isn't another liniment with half the power, the pene-  Patching Battleships  When that cold comes, how is it to  ie cured? This' method is simplicity it-  iclf. Hub the chest ana throat vig-  wously' with "Nerviline.," Ttub it in  3001I and deep. Lots of rubbing cau'l  So any harm.' Then put.some Nerviline in tho -water and use it as a  gargle; this will ease the cough,' cut  jut the phlegm, assist in .breaking up  She-cold Quickly.  Methods Used by Jack Tars to Repair  Leaks in Battleships  After  tho  conflict, Jack Tars  have  several  methods  of  stopping the  incoming wafer when a battleship has  heen  hit below the  water line.    For  instance,  if a small hole    has  been  mado in the vessel's side, an appara-  .    .. ....      ..    ,_        .        .. ..   . J tus  like  an  umbrella  is  used.    Tlrs  trative qualities, the honest merit that  is tlmisL through the hole, point first  will  tin  Marketing- Eggs  Dirty  has made Nerviline the most popular  American household liniment.  A large 50c bottle of_Nerviliuo cures  Ills of the whole family, and makes  doctors's bills' small. Get it today. The  largo slzo is, more economical than  the 25c trial size. Sold - by dealers  everywhere, or .diicct" from the Catarrhozone Co., Kingston,-Canada.  Empire Industry League  Alms at Expansion and Protection of  "'' Trade  The formation of ��������� an Industrial  league, iii Great Britain designed to  lostcr the fraternal and co-operative  3plrit between Canada, her sister do-  tninions, and colonies of the empire,  is reported by VV. L. Griffith, secretary  \o tho high commissioner.  Mr.'Griffith says: "'The league has  already  commenced lo carry out its  objects in a practical way by asking  quotations   from   Canadian   manufacturers    of cloth.and other army supplies  for  shipment  to  tho  continent  of Europe,    and  enclosing a  list  of  some,- of the requirements. These include- 2,000,000 yards  oi' army cloth,  160,000 yards of white.and  fan  haversack cloth,  160,000 yards  of khaki  cloth'   or    French  blue grey,' 20 -ton  lots of leather,  sole or harness,- etc.  "The league aims at the expansiou  and ,   protection    of    British,   trade  throughout the world, and'its operations  on  behalf  of- British  industry,  1 manufacturers,,, and merchants are to  be world-wide'.-a Tho motto of the organization,  which   ia  non-political . hi  character,  is - 'Support    Home  Indus-  'tries.'   .Its members bind themselves  always to ask.for, and  other things  being e���������qual, to purchase articles produced or manufactured at home or in  the'-, colonies.-"'  Anaesthetics for  On     tho     battle Held  horses are treated with  care    and  skill- as  is  les  And Eruptions  In the Spring Most People  Need a Tonic Medicine  One  of  the  surest  signs  that .the  blood.is out of order is the pimples,  unsightly eruptions and eczema lhat  come frequently with the change from  winter  lo  spring.    These  prove  that  the long indoor life of winter has had  Its effect upon   the blood, and that a  tonic   medicine   Is   needed   to put it  right.    Indeed   there' are  few'people  who do not need a tonic at this season.   Bad blood does not merely show  itself in disfiguring eruptions. To this  same condition is due attacks of rheumatism and lumbago; the sharp stabbing pains of sciatica and heurlagiaV  poor appetite and  a desire  to avoid  exertion.    You    cannot    cure    these  troubles by the use of purgative medicines���������you need a tonic, and a tonic  only,-and among all medicines there is  none .can v equal  Dr.  Williams' 'Pink'  Pills for their tonic, life-giving, nerve-  restoring powers.   Every dose of this  medicine makes new, rich blood which  drives out impurities, stimulates every  organ, and  brings    a feeling of new  health and energy to weak, tired, ailing men, women and children. If you  are out of sorts-give this medicine a  trial and see how quickly it will restore,, the  appetite,    rivlve   drooping  spirits, and fill'your veins with new,  health-giving blood.  You can get these Pills from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The -f sleeplessness,  Dr. .Williams'    Medicine   Co., Brock  rille.-Ont. .......  Women who Work on Farms  Female Workers Employed on Farms  In Scotland  ���������In   Scotland     womc.i     agricultural  workers aro a fairly numerous body.  According   to   information   bas;;d   on  tho   1911  census,    there, were   1-1.997  women  employed  on  farms  in  Scotland.    The    women    outworkers    in  Scotland  are almost  exclusively confined  to  the  counties    south  of tha  Tay.    In   the  "northern counties and  the Highlands the women relatives.of  the crofter or small farmer may bo  seen  at  work  in  Ihe  fields,  but. except  al   the   turnip-singling  and' the  potato-lifting season the hired female  outworker is practically unknown, in  most    parts  the  self-binder has  dispensed with female labor on the harvest  lield.    South  of  the  Tay,  however,  women are employed at different kinds of work. They .work in the.  fields along with  the    men,    gather  weeds", spread farmyard .manure, and  hoe  -and single ��������� turnips.    At potato  gatherings,    pulling and  storing turnips,   rilling  turnips   into  carts,   and  other jobs they .also take theiiv part.  According  to 'some- returns  obtained  by  officials   of ���������'��������� the   Scottish 'Farm  Servants'" Union,    it is stated that in  West   Lothian   and   Midlothian     tho  usual  rate of pay is from 9s  to 10s  per week; in East Lothian, lis to 12s;  in Roxburghshire: and the .southwestern counties, 12s.   The hours of labor  are , generally from nine to ten per  day.    A half-holiday has been secured  on  many  farms,    and .in  Midlothian  and West    Lothian    it  is now fairly  general.  and then drawn back so that it  open like an umbrella--leaving  canvas outside.  Of course, the pressure of Lhc water  effectually forces the canvas against  the ship's side, thus stopping the  leak: but to make it more secure the  handle ot the umbrella, which is formed like a screw, is fastened by a nut  injide. " -   .  In the case of a bigger leak���������when  tho ship has been stove in below tho  water-line���������a large mat made of canvas and oakum is used- This has to  be tixed into position by. means of  ropes. But the fixing is not a very  easy matter, as one rope has' to he got  right under the keel, to the other  side, in order lo drag the mat  down lo the ��������� hole. Two or three  other ropes are also 'required at different angles to guide the mat to its  right nosition.  oger  of  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  That's Why  You're  Tired���������Out  Sorts���������Have no Appetite.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  will, put you right  in a few- days,  They do  their duty.  Cure  .' Const!-  palion,  Biliousness, Indigestion, and Sick Headache.  . Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  Fillers  and   Egg   Cases  Should  Not  Be  Used  The Dominion Live Stock Commissioner, Mr. John Bright, sends out tho  following:  I am informed that the. quality of  millions of dozens of eggs is seriously  impaired each year and many eggs  made absolutely worthless through  the use of dirty, filthy egg cases and,  fillers.  Tho.season is al hand when every  case that can be hunted up is ordinarily put into use to move the increasing supply of eggs. Marry of theso  cases will have been'stored* in damp  collars or warehouses or perhaps left  out In tho open since last season,  with th������ old fillers and pads left in  and perhaps without even the bad or  broken eggs removed.  It is important, therefore, that all  egg dealers insist that their shippers  should not use filthy, musty egg cases,  nor soiled, damp or musty fillers, and  also that the excelsior or other material used for padding be clean and  sweet.  Considering present conditions and  -the fact that Canada's reputation with  respect to eggs dependent upon the  quality of Canadian eggs that go into  storage this spring, it is the duty of  every Canadian engaged in the egg  trade, whether farmer, collector,  country storekeeper or produce dealer  to see that the eggs marketed during  the next two months are of the highest possible quality and that they are  stored in the best possible condition.  More than half a  Century'of Quality  is behind every  package of  .!  Always order  by the name  BENSON'S  in order to get  what you want  Practically every  grocer in Canada  has BENSON'S.  I -cured a horse of the Mange with  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  CHRISTOPHER SAUNDERS.  Dalhousie.  * I cured a horse, badlv torn by a  pitch fork, with MINARD'S' LINIMENT.  St. Peter's, C.B.      EDW-  LINLLEF.  I cured  a lforse'of. a bad swelling  by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  Bathurst, N.B.        THOS. W. PAYNE.  Prisoners   of War  war office gives to  Horses  in Europe,  just the same  shown   to  the  soldip'rs, and are given- chloroform!  and other anaesthetics-before being-  operated upon by skilled officers.' To  every division and cava-lr-y���������brigade  is attached a mobile veterinary section, each consisting of one.officer and  twenty-two trained men of the A.V.G.  The mobile section is divided into  two sub-sections, one employed in collecting sick and wounded horses from  the firing line and other places, while  the other branch conveys the patients'  to the nearest railhead. Thence they  are sent by train to the nearest base  veterinary hospital, where they are'  treated according to the nature of  their .wounds or sickness.  Each hospital has accommodation  for some thousand ��������� or more cases,  and is equipped wiht every requisite  for medical and surgical use." When  sufficiently recovered the horses are  drafted to the convalescent farm,  where the cure is completed. ;  Feeding  The British war office gives to its  prisoners of war the following daily  ration: Bread, one and one-half  pounds; of biscuits, one pound; fresh  or cold storage meat, three ounces or  preserved meat, half ration; fresh-vegetables, eight ounces; butter or margarine', one ounce: "condensed milk,  one-twentieth of a' one pound tin; tea,  one-half ounce or coffee, one ounce;  sugar, two ounces; salt, one-half  ounce.���������Nurse.  Little Bobbie listened with deep interest to 'the story of the Prodigal  Son.    At the end of it he burst into  "Why, what's the matter,' Bobbie?"  exclaimed his mother. ,  "I'm���������1'in so sorry for that poor  IIT ca-alf," he sobbed. "He didn't do  nuffln*!"   --  Miller's Worm Powders are a  prompt relief from the attacks of  worms in children. They are powerful in their action and, while leaving  "nothing to be desired as a worm ex-  pellant, have an invigorating effect upon the youthful system, remedying  fever, biliousness, loss "of appetite,  and other ailments that  follow disorders caused by worms in  the stomach and bowels.  She- Soon Gained   ,  -.'":/', Forty Pounds  DAME   BOUCHARD     FOUND     NEW  .'HEALTH   IN  DODD'S   KIDNEY   ','  PILLS  A   Waste of Time  A civil engineer, who was building  a railway in Mexico, was trying to  show a native how much the new  railway would benefit tire country.  "How long does it take you to carry  your produce to market at present?"  he^asked.  "Willi a mule it takes three clays,"  was the reply.  "There you are!" exclaimed the engineer. "When the new railway is in  operation you will be able to take  your produce to market and return  home the same day'."  "Very good, senor," was the placid  reply, but what-shall I do with the  other two days?"'  There was trouble in the back  yard. Six-year-old Billy had thrown  a stone at a boy in the next yard,  who was making vociferous threats.  "If you throw another stone," he  yelled, "I'll sick my dog on you!"  "Huh!" replied Billy, "If you come  into my yard, I'll sick my mother on  you!" ,  Now She Is Advising All Her Friends  Who Suffer From Kidney Disease  to Use  Dodd's Kidney Pills  Portneuf, Hamilton Cove, Saguenay  Co.,, Que.���������(Special).���������Perfectly cured  by the use of Dodd's Kidney Pills,  Dame Rene Bouchard, well known and  highly respected here, is advising all  her friends who suffer from Kidney  disease to use Dodd's Kidney Pills.  "When I commenced to take Dodd's  -Kidney Pills I was so run-down I  only weighed eighty pounds," Dame  Bouchard states. "I only took four  boxes in all but they brought me  back to health and now I weigh one  hundred and twenty pounds. You may  publish. What I say if you wish, for  Dodd's Kidney pills have done  wonders for me."  Dodd's Kidney Pills do wonders for  run-down people because they cure  the Kidneys. Cured Kidneys strain all  the impurities, all the poison, out of  the blood and the pure blood carries  new nourishment, health and life to  all parts of the body. That's Why so  many people say, "Dodd's Kidney  Pills .gave  me a  new  lease of life."  Asthma Overcome-���������The triumph  over asthma has assuredly come. Dr.  J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy has  proved- the most positive blessing-  the victim of asthmatic attacks has  ever known. Letters received from  thousands who have tried it form a  testimonial which leaves no room for  doubt that here is a real remedy. Get  it  today from you  dealer.  An Ounce of Prevention  is worth a pound  of cure when it  comes to looking  after harness.  ?EUREKA  ; HARNESS ^OIL<  Keeps leather soft and  prevents cracking; and  the possibility of accident due to dried out  traces, etc.  Dealers Everywhere  Tho  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  yyiao'e in  Canada  75  YEARS   OF   PROGRESS  The  Old  Reliable  The  xpenence  Nervousness, Dizzy Spells and Sleeplessness Are Nov/ a  Thing of the Past.  This Is a cheerful latter from Mrs.  Peacock, and it should bring joy to  tho heart of' many a reader ot' this  paper. Dizzy apella  and sleeplessness  . are symptoms of  axhaueted nerves,  md aro the bus-'  Sear of many women, who do not  Snow just what  treatment to use.  Ton    can    read  Mrs. Psacock's let-  tor -and take cour- ^  age,   for   she   has  juroven    lhat    Dr. ___   __ . ���������  Chase' s -Nerve MRS. PEACOCK.  Food ia a complete cure for these  troublca. So pleased was she with tho  results obtained that she wants other  women to know about this food cure.  Mrs. Thomas Peacock, 23 Hiawatha  rtreet,  St. Thoma*   Ont,, and whoso  husband Is conductor on tbe Wabash  Railway, states :���������"I was quite run  down in huallli, was very nervous, did  not sleep well, and had frequent dizzy"  spells. Bolleving- this.to be the result  of an exhausted nervous system I began using- Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, and  can say that this medicine did mo a  world of good. It entirely freed me of  tho symptoms stated above, built up  my health generally, so that to-day I  fepl that I am quite well a Grain."  Tn a more recent letter Mrs. Peacock  writes:���������"Dr. Chase's Nerve Food has  done me a world of good, and I would  bo pleased to tell everybody no."-  .Tn nearly every issrro of this paper  you will find letters about Dr. Clrase'tf  medicines. If this one does hot describe, your case watch for others or  write lo us. Dr. Chase's Nerve Food,  BOc a box, 6 for $2.50, all dealers", or  Edmanson, Bates & Co., Limited, Toronto.  Meaning of Turkish Titles  "Pasha"  is   the  only  Turkish  title  conferred personally   by   the Sultan,  and the only  one  which  carries any  precise rank.  Originally confined to princes of  the blood, it is now conferred on  military men, governors, etc., whose  rank on;! merit, are sufficiently high.  Ail other tiths���������Aga, Bey, lOffcndi,  etc.���������are conventional additions to  names, and obey no hard-and-fast  rule. Governors of provinces are  Boys, so also is-any person of rank,  many military men. and government  officials. An'Aga might be one occupying a confidential position in tire Sultan's seralgio or merely a retired .official, an army officer, or a big landowner.  How Wars Are Won  Wars are not won today by the  superior valor of the men of any one  nation or a coalition of nations. The  average man will face danger, no matter what his nationality may be. He  will advance or retreat when ordered,  whether. ..he* is a German, Russian,  Frenchman or Briton. Victory or defeat depends on more than bravery.  They rest on equipment, training and  resources. Modern rifles, artillery aud  means, of transportation have reduced  war to a highly developed business.���������  Boston Globe.  .$50  Established 1840  World's    Fastest    Weekly  Mail and Passenger Ocean Service.-  Reduction Second Cabin Rateo  ALL STEAMERS  INCLUDING  LUSITANIA  The  largest,   fastest  and- fineat  steamer now In service.  Prepaid  passages  arranged. Apply to any R.R. or S.S. Agent, or  THE CUNARD STEAMSHIP CO.,  304 MAIN STREET        WINNIPEG  Corns  ?.  Absolutely^  Painless  The peevish one at the corner table  summoned his waiter and to him addressed this novel inquiry:  "Waiter, have vou ever been lo the  Zoo?" " ���������  "Why, sir, \lo you ask?" returned  the astonished servitor.  "1 repeat," demanded the peevish  one, "Have you ever visited the Zoo?"  "Well, no," sir."  "You ought to go," growled the  peevish one. "You'd enjoy seeing the  tortoises whiz past!"  An old woman was severely reproved by her minister for bowing  whenever' the name of Satan was  mentioned. Asked why she did so,  she replied:  "Well, civility costs nothing, and  you never know what'll happen."  No cutting, no plasters or pads to press  the sore spot. Putnam's Extractor  makes the corn go without pain. Take3  out the sting ovex-night. Never faila���������  leaves no scar. Get a 25c bottle of  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  A More Important Question  "Darling," he said, "would you continue to love me if 1 were to be poor  all my life?'  "My dear," she asked him, "would  you continue to love me if you should  chance to become a millionaire?"  "Did you strike this man in an excess of irascibility?"  "No, sali; I done hit him in tho  stiunmick."  Many  Mother  because  mothers have reason to bless  Graves' AVorm Exterminator,  it has relieved the little ones  of suffering aud made them healthy.  Baron James da Rothschild, founder  of the Paris .branch, had occasion lo  hire a cabman. He gave cabby his  legal fare.  "Ah, Baron, your .son, Baron Al-  phonse. always gives me live times  as much," said tire man,  "I don't doubt it," growled the old  Baron, "He has a rich father."  /lUIE change may be critical and'cause untola  x suffering- in nfter-life.'. ; The ��������� modern -young;  woman is often a "bundle of nerves'"��������� "high strung"  ���������fainting spells���������emotional��������� frequently blue and  dissatisfied with life.' .! Such girls should bo helped  over this distressing stage in life���������by a woman's  tonic and nervine���������that naa proven successful for  over 40 years.   *i  Tescr  KBxnnmmT'mnMJZBWx  m a keen enemy to the physical weaknesses of woman. 1A medicine prepared by  regular graduated physician of unuswi.experience in treating woman's diseases���������  carefully adapted ^to.. work in. liarnipnyNvtt^ the. most, delicate, feminine constitution.'  It II how obtainable" in liquid orNabtfaf-coated tablet form at tha  'drug ���������tore���������or send 50 one-cent iwnnfci for u trial box, to Buffalo.  Every"woman may wi'i.v-?"llv and confidentially to .  Dr. Pierce and hit ���������tarT of phy*n.-lan> and Spccfalliti  at the Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institute. Buffalo,  N. Y., and maybe sure that hercane will receive care-''  ful, conicientioui. confidential consideration, nnd that' /  experienced medical advice will be given to licr free.  W. N. U. 1054  DR. PIERCE'S PLEASANT PELLETS rtg^laf  and invigorate itomach, llutr ar>4 bowel*.'  Sugar Qoaltd, tint granule! taty to taht ������������������ cmndy., THE   SUN,    3RAND   FORKS,   B. C.  31)? (SntnibllfarkH 0xm  G. A. Evans. Editor and publisher  SOBSOHll'TION KATBS i  One Yeur '. $1.50  One Year (In advance)  1.00  One Vear, in United States  1.&0  Address all communications to  ThsGuandFokks Sun.  I'honb K74 Gband Fokks, B.C  FRIDAY, JULY 8,   1915  receive strict attentien by every town  council. Action should be taken at  once' :and nA deferred until the  weeds ripen and scatter their   seed.s.  The late Duncan Ross, whose  tragically sudden death took place  on Wednesday, was taken while at  the zenith .of his powers and with a  career of great promise still before  him. Not that his life, as far as it  was permitted to run, was barren of  achievement. Ardent of temperament and overflowing . with energy  and enthusiasm, Mr. Ross commanded success in every field of enterprise in wbish he elected to exercise his talents. Pie was an enthusiastic, newspaper man. Elected a  member of* the house of commons  while still a ��������� youth compared with  the great majority of his fellow-  members, he made a mark there by  the vigor and originalityof his debating powers and the sturdy independence of his opinions. But  What undoubtedly constitutes a [ while holding strong views on pub-  menace   to   those   farmers who are ! lit: questions and striking hard when  he thought the occasion lequired it,  there never was anything   mean   or  Premier McBride says the money  markets of the ,world are still depressed, and nothing is to be gained  by an immediate appeal to the people. The time is certainly not pro  pUious for a government victory, if  that is what Mr. McBride means.  However, Sir Richard assures us  that the election will be held within  the "constitutional time. That  means before next April.  edding  Presents  - Let us help you pick that  Present you are going to .  give.    We have a beauti-  fuLline of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that  have  not  .been  advanced since the  war.  A, D, MORRISON i%Y*  LER-OPTICIAN  D FORKS. B.C.  Judge a woman by-her questions;  a man by his answers.  Tbe average woman has no use  for a wise man unless he makes a  lool of himself over her.  The easiest way to prove that one  can'l sing is make the attempt.  Butter* Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices '  are right".  ;  SUN PRINT SHOP  It's easy to ignore   insults   aimed  making an   honest   effort   to   kr-ep  their farms clean is the crop of weeds  foun 1 growing on .vacant   lots' and  roadsides in and around our   towns  and   cities.    These   vacant  lots are  often    nothing   more   nor less than  nurseries und breeding places for all  kinds of weeds.    This is  especially  true of towns where large areas   adjoining    have     been    subject     to  wildcat   sub ii-'isioning    and   have  had.  roadways   ploughed,   forming  lodging places for  weeds, which are  allowed   to   grow   unmolested.    So  f r bulletins, articles and advice pertaining to weed  control'have   been  directed at tbe farmer.    A glance at  ihe conditions found in most of  our  citiesand towns will prove  convincingly that the farmer is not entirely  to blame in the matter, of weed seed  production  and    distribution.      In  the west the weed inspectors are  beting  trained   and   instructed   alonjr  lines that will enable them   to assist  the farmers in   weed  control,  while  at  the same  time provision by law  is made to prevent any farmer from  allowing his farm to become a breed  ing place for weeds and a menace to  bis neighbor.    In most iowns there  are bylaws covering the weed   problem, but too often they are  not   en  forced.    Those living in towns and  cities should co-operate and do their  bit in the war against   weeds.    This  is an important   matter, and should  venomous behind tbe blows of Duncan Ross.    He participated   prominently   in   many   a  vigorous campaign,    but   he   was - personally so  generous,   open-handed     and   big-  hearted, so free from the petty qualities-   that   tend   to embitter public  life, that   his   opponents   respected  and esteemed him.    There   are   no  expressions   of  appreciation of   bis  fine qualities as a man or a genuine  regret   at   bis   untimely   end more  generous than those of his erstwhile  political   adversaries     The suddenness of the blow,    while   a   terrible  shock to his family and friends, may  be   softened   appreciably by the affectionate tributes trom  all   sources,  in some instances from   unexpected  quarters,   lo  his   memory.    To his  stricken widow   and   children   such  expressions can not but prove a real  consolation in their day of sorrow.���������  Victor Times.  at-some one else.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to tbe Grand Forks  smelter:  '   Tons  January   42,211  February .' .\  03,091  March;   >.....  69,948  Agril .'   85.382  May ' 100,(593  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Kigs  and Good  .Horses at All Hours  at  the -    " .  odel Livery Barn  Burns STO'Rajv Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Total ' 361,325  . Every little helps���������especially,  little  kicks when you are going   down   hill.  An economical woman tries to make  her waist as small, as possible.  An innocent looking banana peel  is often the hrststep-to a downward  career.  Only a strong minded woman can  convince herself that she is   homely.  Almost, any man can look hack  and see how he missed getting rich  by not following his own advice.  THE  9RKS FEE  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Plaster  Seed Qraln  and Garden Seed  Bridge Street  Grand %rks, B. C,  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  rospectors  When doing that work in Franklin and   Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet J0UV Supplies at tfie  Gloucester General Store A full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request. /"-r  THOMAS FDNRLEY, Prop.  If the bride has   seven   gowns   the  honeymoon will last, at'least a week.  People   who   live   in   glass houses  should rubber pjouf-their curtains.  Some women sweeten their tea with  gossip instead of sugar.  "Type was made to read " This  fact is constantly kept, in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  The Sun, al SI a year, is, superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This 'is the reason why  wo do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to,gain new subscribers or to  hold thosu "we alreadv have.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription- list  has been obtained, and is' maintained, merely-on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  The weekly market will   be   held  on   Second street,   between    Bridge  street and Winnipeg'avenue, tomor  row fru'Hiioon.  WATER.  NOTICE  ( DlYKHSION AND USE. )      Y  TAKE NOTICE that Mrs. Jennie: Morrison,  i whose address is lirand forks. B.C, will  apply for a licence to take mid use 20 acre-  feet o, water out of Kettle Kiver, which Hows  south easterly and drains into Columbia  River near .Marcus, Washineron. U.S.A. The  water will be diverted from the stream at a  point 950 feet south-easlerly from the northeast corner of Lot 1699 and .willbe used lor  irrigation and domestic purposes upon the  land described as part of J.ot 1699: This  notice was posted on ihe ground on the 27th  day of April, 191f>. A copy of this notice and  an application pursuant ihere-o and to the  'Water Act, 1911." will be fil.td in the office  of the v\ a tor Recorder at Grand forks, B.O.  Objections to rhe application may be filed  with the said Water Recorder or with the  Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, B.C , within thirty days  after the lirst appearance of this notice in a  local newspaper. The date of tho first publication of this,nOtiee is April 30th, 1015.  MRS. JENNIE MORRISON, Applicant.  -J-J%& '$ --'zzj \W'r  '"' lIlU  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering Neatly Done.  R.tMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  How to Address the Soldiers  In order-to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front' and to insure  prompt delivery, tbe Dominion post  office department requests-thirt all  mail be addressed as. follows:  .'   Rank : .:   Name   Regimental number   Company,squadron or other unit.  .   Battalion  '.. "   ,   Brigade   First  (or second). Canadian   con  ting^nt.  British expeditionary force   -   Army Post Oflice,   ',  " London, England.  Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with.  eo. E.' Massie  ���������John Wariamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu'.l is steady. It in  creases day by day and year by year1,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  The Sun only costs SI a year.-   It  prints all the news.  W^fte' Wyando ttes  That Lay and Win  I won   at.  fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made  four   entries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs  from   the   above are $2.00.  for   lo, and special   prices   given  on more than  15.  W^ite Orpingtons  I won at ihe   winter show, making   five  entries, 2nd   cock; 1st, ...  2nd  .and   3rd-hen,   1st  pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated  up   at  $1.50 a setting of 15. ���������'���������--."  ,1 have- two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with    White  Leghorn  cockerel.  Eggs $1.00 for12.  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND EQRKS,  B. G.  HANSEN-SCO  CITV BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  ?"L Gait Coal  .our  N-  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store ,  Ffrst Street  Telkfhonkb;  Office, R(>6  Hansen's Residence. R38  F. ROBIN  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. G.  Yale  Barber  Shop  ������ga  X  Razor Honing a Specialty.  P. A.  Z,  PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  . -���������'   -THE- ���������  LONDON   IRECTORY  .^''-.'-(Published Annually}'.  Enables trailers'throughout the  world   to'  communicate direct with English  M ANUFACTURERS ':& DEALERS  in each class of goods.   Besides being a complete   commercial  guide to London and  Its ,  ���������suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  .'���������>  with the Goods they ship, and the Ooloninl  and Foreign Markets they supply; -  STEAMSHIP LINES     6  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the princrpal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of t������e United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlilrger advertise-  ments.from $15.    7  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD;  25, Abchurch Lano, London, E,C.  flartinriuHen  AH Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  . OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Pays for The  n^jna������F Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou a try  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand  Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the  news  of the  city and district first. ' THE   SUN,   GEAND   FORKS,   B. C.  .-��������� f-^y  1  1  I't".  F  a;*  It  [i  v  LfBERALPLATFGRi  - The following is the platform of the  Liberal party, of British Columbia,  which principles we pledge ourselves  to-bring into - operation ��������� whenrelected  to power:. ',   ..  ' 1���������Free Lands  for   Settlers���������.  ' None.for.Speculators.*   (a) We  believe that agricultural land   should be  - disposed of only on such conditions ast,-  will insure its continuous" use and oc^  cupation. - ...  (b) We will utilize as far as ract-  cable the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  the agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary.  ,  (c) Free homesteads co actual    settlers. Holder.s of  pre-emptions  to be  i given benefit of this provision.  (d) Advances to settlers, on   easy  terras to assist in clearing,  dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.' ' .   -  (e) Surveys of all   accessible   agri  .cultural lands to be rapidly completed  and  survey  sheets  and all necessary  information to be made easily  available to the public.  (f) Settlement en block to be dis  couraged by the removal of reserves  which scatter population aud greatly  increase the cost of roads, schools and  other necessary facilities.  (g) No public lands" for the speculator.-  2���������Transportation (a) Co operation with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection between  the' railway systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland.  (b) The construction of a line owned  and con trolled, by the government to  give direct "communication by the best  route as to grades and distances be  tween the Similkameen and other  interior points and the coast.  (c) The. husbanding of the   provin  cial credit to assist lines that will open  up new-territory. ,      -  ^ (d)  We  oppose   prouincial   credit  and reserve being wasted   in paralleling existing lines.                >  (e) Abolition of the system of giving away crown lands for tow'nsites,  iree of taxation and under railway  control."  (f) All francises for the construction, operation,"and ownership or leasing of government aided roads to be  open to public competition.  (g) The province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction.  (h) The.prevention of over-capitalization of railways,  (i) Aid to railways not to exceed  what is reasonably necessary to secure  construction. ..  (j) Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls of all government-aided roads to" be ' under, the  Jurisdiction of the-.Dominion railway  commission.  (k) With a view to meeting ��������� the  demand, for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan aud Alberta, the  .immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control the railways, and not the railways the pedple.  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  ment   before   alienation, and the disposal of all such lands by public competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant.  "(e) Stability of tenure, crown-dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods.  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but leased under conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature.  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to the protection of the consuming public. . ���������  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointir.ent"bf a representative advisory ' board in educational matters, such as exists in all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is s������������ overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  -(c) The increase of .manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an' efficient system of technical  schools  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.'  (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution.  (b) We  are pledged   as a party to  equal    suffrage  A Clean-Cut  Argument  In, your favor is good printing. It starts, things off.in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively preT  sented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  fishing in-  8  Phone R 74.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  e Sun Print Shop  It isn't hard work that kills a man.  It's usually scheming how he can put  in the most time on a short job, that  plays havoc with his vitality.  Many a man has been afflictod with  a total loss of memory after touching  a friend for a ten spot.  . Carelessness with parlor matches fs  responsible for a few fires and a lot of  divorces.  An egotist imagines the world  thinks as much of him as he thinks of  himself.  Many a poor man after winning a  woman's hand finds himself under her  thumb.  Probably the most difficult thing in  the world to learn is to know thyself.  provide   for   the  women with men.  7���������^Taxation, (a) Exemption of  improvements on all lands paying  taxes to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) Immediate reform of , the  pres-  ent'costly, cumbersome and   inequita  ble system  of . collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workmen' s Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating'of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ^b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all indusfrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops.  (d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics: This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving employers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly.  (g) The minimum^ wage, the "eight-  hour day and six day week on all  public and government-aided, work.'  9���������Oriental Immigration (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts.  10���������Extension of M unicipal Powers, (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election   of   license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  ���������   11���������Public Ownership of Utili  ties..   We adhere to  the principles of  public  ownership  of   all public utili  ties, the limitation   of terms of  franchises to   corporations, renewing   the  same   if   in   the   public   interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local Control of Liquor,  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized'terri-  torv, in locally elected authorities.  (c) The adoption of a local option  aw.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts.    We insist  on providing for  an   absolutely   independent   public   auditor general,   ap  pointed and   controlled  absolntely by  legislature.  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Imme  diate steps to restore   the  dustry to white fishermen  (b) The protection of    British   Col  umbia fisheries from foreign    poachers  by   adequate   policing   of   Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns'and municipalities and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties.  16���������Torrems System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land-'registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles'and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Nonpartisan Civil Service.  The organization of the civil service  commission for both inside and outside service, so that }he appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  I  e  \  More Victories Are  Won by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  t-Appty    thiF  to  business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Eorks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win andlHold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack;  P  Th  e  orks  &&TJ 0THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  WINNIPEG  WMMMMM  TORONTO,   ONT.  , MONTREAL  mMMMMJSM  promised  beads to  On  Her Brow  "Before we married you  me rings aud brooches and  wear."  '   "Well, what of it?"  "1 was JLiSt thinking that the only  beads live ever worn since are beads  of perspiration."  Minard's  clans. .  Liniment   used   by   Phyai-  'She's crazy to get in to the upper  ten. isn't .she?"  "Crazy? Why, she'd even reserve  It on a sleeper!"'  MOTHERS !  Don't  fall   lo   procure  -MRS. WINSLOW'S' SOOTHING "SYRUP  For   Your   Children    While   Teething  - It soothes the Child, Softens the Gums,  Allays tho Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  Is  tho  Best  Remedy  for  Infantile  Diarrhoea. . ,  TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A BOTTLE  The Navvy's Shovel  The navvy's shovel, which in this  war of entrenchments is mighty as  the sword, is" not without its romance. "When the Liverpool-Manchester line was being cut SO years ago, it  occurred to one of the workmen that  the heavy square-bladed spades'then  in use could be plied more easily if  the corners were rounded off. He  suggested this to the contractor, who  scoffed. Clinging to his idea, however-  tho navvy induced an ironmonger to  make him a dozen spades to his specification, and persuaded a master to  give them a trial. Within a week  came reports of the men lighting for  the possession of those shovels. An  agreement was made between contractor, manufacturers and inventor, a  patent obtained! and the observant  workman died a wealthy man.���������London Chronicle.  The New French Army  Tho new French forces are iu good  health and spirits, and ��������� thoy have  learnt much that they did not know  when tha war. began. - Their equipment 'is much improved. They are  amply supplied with officers, and the  officers, particularly in the higher  commands, are younger and more vigorous. All the old generals at the  head of large commands have been  eliminated, and the average age for  'general officers is ten years lower  than in August���������London News' and  Leader.  It Will-Prevent Ulcerated Throat  At the Jirs't symptoms of. sore throat,  which presages ulceration ami inflammation, take a spoonful of Dr.  Thomas' Eclcctric Oil. Add a little,  sugar to it to make It palatable. It will  allay tho irritation and prevent the  ulceration and swelling that arc so  painful. Those who were-periodically  subject to quinsy have thus made  themselves immune to attack.  An Irish tenant had  paid his rent, and the  very grateful.  "Now.-O'Klaherty.," he said,  would you rather have���������a ton  or a dozen of whiskey?"  "Ye will have yer joke, sorr," replied the tenant; "ye.know i burn  peat."  unexpectedly  landlord felt  "which  of coal  FREE TO ALL-SUFFERERS  If you fool "OUT of SORTS'"HUM no W.N" T,OT the HI.L'hS'  avrrZR from KinxKV. iu.addkr, nkp.voos i������ssasi.->.  CHROMIC-\VK.\KNES5.ULCi:RS.SKl.S-EP.t; PI!ONS,P|[.ti,  writa for FREE ci.ul ii uocnd medicm. hook os  tiiac disease* aii.l woSDERPur. CIJK'.s effected b/  TH E NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N������1 No2 N..S  aniiiliK-iifainr  I }our*>'!nritS<  tha rsnisily [or YOUR OWN ailment. Absolutely FREE  No'follow up circulars. No obligations. I>K. LKCl.KrfC  MKD.Cp.riAVKKSlOCKKD.IUMI-S-l EMI 1.0 M uriN.KNO  WE  1VANI   TO  PROVJl THEKAnOH  \\TLL CilftK YOU.  300 CARLOADS  Seed and Table Potatoes  200 CARLOADS  BALED  HAY  Prompt      Delivery���������Reasonable  Prices.    We    finance  Government  and Municipal Relief Orders.  "Wire, Phone  or  Write  to  Wilton Produce Co.,   ���������  502   Confederation   Life   Bldg.,  WINNIPEG.  *100   REW/CRD.  9100  The   readers   of   this   paper     vritl    WI  pleased  to  learn   that  there  fa  at  least I  one dreaded    disease    that   science   has I  been  able to cure In all  Its stages   and I  that Is Catarrh.    Hall's Catarrh Cure  !a !  the  only positive  cure    now   known    to  the  medical  fraternity.   C&arrh  being  a  constitutional disease,  requires a constitutional treatment.    Hall's Catarrh Cure  Is  taken  Internally,  acting- directly  upon  tho   blood   avtf   mucous   surfaces   of   the  system,   thereby   destroying  the  foundation  of the dluea.=e and giving tho  pat-  lent strength by building- up the constitution   and   assisting  nature   in   doing   its  p-oi-lc.    The    proprietors   havo   so   much  faith   In   Its   curative   powers   that   they  offer One Hundred Dollars for any caso  that it fails to cure. Send for list of testimonials.  Address P. J. CHENEY i, CO., Torn i ' Q, ���������?0,<t hy a" Druggists, 75a  Take Hall's Family Pills for consupal-  Hon.- .  ow ^am  seases  ".Did you ever see a company of  women perfectly silent?"  "Yes, once- Someone had asked'  which of those present was" the oldest."  t  Minard's  Friend.  Liniment,     Lumberman's  mll-  110  Great Britain has now over a  lion men in the field, -which. is  times the figure ,of Agincourt; 33  times that of the Crimea; 25 times  the Peninsula; 14 times the figure  of the Second Afghan war; and four  times the tally of 1901. .  Defective Gasoline  ���������  A farmer, in looking his car over  one day, thrust a lighted match into  the gasoline tank. The ensuing explosion laid him up for several  weeks. On the first day that he was  able to be about lie visited the storekeeper who had sold him the stuff and  demanded compensation.       .  "Why should I pay you anything?"  asked Ihe merchant hotly. "It "was  your own fault. You knew it was  gasoline."  "That's air right,-but this accident  was caused by defective gasoline."  "Defecti/e gasoline?"  "Yes, sir, I've been sticking matches  into gasoline' that IV bought here before, and this was the first lot that  ever- acted that way."  SAVED BABY'S LIFE  As soon as applied, Zam-Bufc  penetrates right to the very-  root of the disease and kills  the cause thereof- The rich  herbal essences then so stimulate the cells below.the surface  that new healthy tissue is  formed, which, as it grows,  forces out the diseased tissue.  Zam-Buk cures from the bottom  up. This is the reason that  sores and skin diseases cured  by Zam-Buk, do not return.  Zam-Buk is entirely different from all other ointments.  It does not contain harsh minerals, or poisonous coloring  matter.*- Nor -docs it contain  coarse animal fats, which, in a  short time, go- rancid. Zam-  Buk will keep indefinitely.  Many people have bcencured  by Zam-Buk after having suffered years aud spent hundreds  of dollars trying various remedies in vain. If you suffer from  any skin disease or injury,  benefit by the experiences of  others. Try Zam-Buk first.  Don't trouble with useless  remedies. -j  Zam-Bulc is unequalled for  eczema, pijes, pimples, cuts,  burns, bruises, cold sores, frost  bites, chapped hands, and all  skin diseases and injuries.  We are so convinced that a  trial of Zam-Buk will prove to  you its superiority, that wc will-  send you a FREE TRIAL box  on receipt of this article, name  of paper, and lc. stamp to pay-  return postage. Address Zam-  Buk Co., Toronto.  ah  Drujrfirisl.i and Stores sell  Zum-Bvjk at.50c. box  Mrs. Jos. Desrosiers, St. Alphonse,  Que., writes: "I cannot say too much  in favor of Baby's Own Tablets, as  they saved my little one's life. Before  giving him the/Tablets���������he" was greatly,  troubled with worms and'was-like a  skeleton and' cried day and night. The  Tablets-soon expelled the worms and  now baby is the picture of health."  Baby's Own Tablets also break up  colds and simple fevers, cure constipa-'  tion and indigestion and make the  teething period painless- They are  sold by medicine dealers or by mail  at 25 cents a box from The Dr. AVil-  liams' Medicine Co., Brockvillc, Ont.  is  Shampoos and light dressings  of Cuticura Ointment clear  the scalp of dandruff, allay  itching and irritation, and  promote hair-growing conditions in most cases of premature loss of hair.' {  Samples Free by Mail  * Cuticura Soap anil Ointment aoiil throughout tht  trorltl. Liberal siimpleof oaeli mulled free, with ICJ-p.  booi. Addrcaa "Cutlcurn," Devi. K, lloaluu, U.S.A.  W. N. U. 1054  Canada   Born  in  the  Contingents -.  Canada's second contingent is showing better in its representation of native born Canadians than the first  contingent.' The Toronto Telegram is  authority for the statement that officers of the second contingent claim  that 60 per cent, of their men are  Canadians. If this be true, we have  the following result:  First Contingent 35%  Second  Contingent    75%  Third Contingent  75%  This seems to ho a reasonable result. The Canadian Courier argues  that the unattached, adventure-loving  Knglishman rushed into tlie. first contingent, but there were not so many  of liini for the second and thlrtl.  Do It Now.���������Disorders of the digestive apparatus should be dealt with  at once before complications arise  that may be difficult to cope with.  The surest remedy to this end and  one that is within reach of all, is  rarmelee's Vegetable Pills,-the best  laxative and sedative on the market.  Do not delay, juit try them now. One  trial will convince anyone that they  are tho best'stomach regulator that  can be got.  A traveller on a journey was much  annoyed by a pedantic bore who  forced himself upon him and made a  great parade of his learning. The traveller bore It as long as he could, and  at length, looking at him gravely, said:  "My friend, you and I know all that is  to be known."  "How is that?" said the man, pleased with what he.thought a complimentary association. "Why," said the tra.  veller, "yon know everything except  that you are a fool, and I know that."  .     The . Hyphen   Explained  '  Mrs-  Dearborn���������You    say    that  Mrs: Burke-Martin?  Mrs.Wabash���������Yes; Burke was her  name and Martin was her husband's  name. .  '       . -.  ���������   Mrs. Dearborn���������But why does  she  use the hyphen between the names?  Mrs. 'Wabash-���������To show that, she is  separated  from  her husband. ,  The telephone operator was spending .the summer holiday granted by a  benevolent G.P.O. by the sounding  sea. On the first morning, however,  she had occasion to rate-the.maid of  the lodgings for real or imagined negligence. "Why didn't you callnie as I  told you this morning?" she demanded.  "I did, miss,",replied the maid", with  an injured .'air.' "I called out 'Seven-  thirty,' and all you said was, 'Number  engaged.'"   ���������    .  FIND OUT  The   Kind   of   Food   That   Will  You Well  Keep  The true way is to find out what is  host to eat and drink, und then cultivate a taste for (hose things instead of poisoning ourselves with improper,  indigestible   food,  etc.  A conservative. Eastern woman  writes:  ��������� "I have used Grape-Nuts 5 years for  the young and for'the aged; in sickness and "in" health; at. first following  directions carefully, later in a variety  of ways' as my taste and judgment  suggested. ���������      .  "But its most special, personal bandit has been as a substitute for meat,  and served dry with cream when  rheumatic troubles made it important  for me to change diet.  "Served in tin's way with the addition of a cup of hot Postum and a little fruit it has been used at my  morning meaj for six months, during  whfcli lime my' health lias i>2"^k .improved, nerves have grown sTeadler,  and a gradual'decrease in my exces  sivc weight adds greatly to my comfort."  Name given hy Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont. Head, "The Road  to WelH'ille," in pkgs. "There's a Reason."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest.'  '-���������J  Someone should 'stir up the Canadian hen and make'her realize that  we are at war, and that every part  of the country should do Its best.  During the last fiscal- year Canada  imported 11,250,000 dozen eggs. The  eggs came from Great Britain, Hong  Kong, .lapan, New Zealand and the  United States. It is only a few years  ago that we were exporting eggs Jo  Great Britain.  Keep  house.  Minard's    Liniment    in    the  Aunt Ethel���������Well, Beatrice, were  you very brave at the dentist's?  Beatrice���������Yes, Aur.t''e, I was:  Aunt lithel���������Then, there's the' halt  crown I promised you. And now"tell  me what he did to you.  Beatrice���������He pulled out two of  Willie's teeth!  Largely  Business  ,    "I  understand   you    aro    going to  ���������marry _ that  practical   Miss  Pepley?''  '.'Yes, thank you."  "A love* match, of course?"  "Love and {.business. .It's the only  enduring combination.    Minerva    finishes her course ' iii salesmanship at  the same time that I finish my coursa  in  advertising.    Then    we  call  In - a  notary  public  and  a  clergyman  and  start a double partnership."  Whether tho corn, be of old or' no\t  growth, it must yield to I-Jolloway'-a  Corn Cure, the simplest and best.cura  offered lo the public.  "I paid the landlady all .the "back  board' I owed before moving into th������  fraternity house."  "Ah.'I see! You wanted to be wall  settled."  those' foes of comfort, and well-being', there is' one  family, remedy universally regarded as the best  corrective of deranged conditions of the organs of  digestion. Present suffering is /relieved promptly,  and    worse    sickness^ prevented    by   timely   use    of-  Let this wonderful remedy tone your stomach, stimulate  your liver and kidneys, regulate your bowels and  you will feel improved: throughout your entire system.  A few doses will: pi-ove to ^ you why, for the  common  and  minor 'ailments  of  life.Beeeham's Pills  Prepared only by Thomas Bccclnim, St.  Helens, Lancashire.   England,  .jold everywhere ia Canada and U. S. America.   In boxes, 25 cents.  '���������SECURITY FIRST'U  Is Your  Life  Insured?    Keep    Your    Policy    In    Forco  And Increase the:Amount as Soon as Possible  If You're Not Insured, Make Application Today  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over"Four" Million;'Dollars Asse'ts for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write -.' For   Memo. Book and- Circular.  Ltttto  Mldd  41  I  It's what's  ins!  the cup that counts. -\  u  ������������" ^VMTTagWM.,^ ,��������� .,. -������������.-.  B-  <&'  P  I  I  ft  ir  THE    SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  THE COUNTRY I  CAN COUNTRY TOWN BE SAVED FRQM   DECLINE  Prof. A. R. Mann, of the New York State College of Agriculture,  A Careful Observer, Considers the Problem in the Com-.  munity Aspect', in an Article for  the Banker-Farmer  Cross Appeal  *mers  Wag-  By country town we mean the rural  Tillage, town or city that depends  primarily on its agricultural background, that lives largely on the sur-  < rounding country. It is the settlement  of a few hundred or a few thousand  persons^ hemmed in on all sides by  farms and reached from all directions  . by roadways that lead out into the  open country and over which much of  Us'trade travels: .The question,'of the  relation of this settlement to its land  basis, to its .trade area, is now recognized as one of the immediate issues  In country life progress.  Much  of the  traditional separation  between town and country is due to  what we may call natural causes; -re-  resulting  from   the  conditions  under  which the towns have developed. The  town has its separate political organisation, its  own government, its own  enterprises   to   support   by   taxationj  from within, and it lias been interested mostly in its own development by  attracting trade, seeking to establish  unban  industries,   and   cherishing  an  ambition to become a third-class.city.  The   corporation   line'    has     been   a  boundary between town and country,  with  the. tide of-trade flowing from  the  country  to   the  town -without  a  counter-balancing movement from the  town out into the country to develop  its resources and foster its life.   The-  resources OX .'the country have built up  )   tho trade of'the town; and the public  -improvements      resulting   from .this  wealth    have- been largely .'applied to  the betterment of the town itself. The  material resources of the country have  crossed the boundary info the tow:-;  and now for some time the human re-  sources, good farmers, have been contributed to the upbuilding of the town.  Not  infrequently they', too, have become town-centered and neglectful of  the interests of the farms which gave  them  their  competence.  The  farmer  has "come to feel that the townsman  Is   selfish.���������that  he  seeks  the' major  benefit from  a transaction by fixing  the price both on what the farmer has  to sell and on what he has to buy. Of  course this is true only in part;  but  It is a cause of separation and points  the way fo a ncected readjustment for  the  establishment of confidence.    At  bottom, the separation-is founded on  economic reasons.  Director Bailey and "others have  well said that the solution is to make  the country town a real part of country life, and to develop one program  for the .upbuilding of both town and  country. The life of the town cannot  be separated from the .life of tho  country, and it will be impossible ever  to fully energize country affairs un-  less~the towns are considered equally  In the process. The interests of town  "nnd country merge and cross. The  towns are the cross-roads of trade, the  , tying centres where the business interests of all the farmers in.the trade  area head up and thus give employment to a certain population. Th*  .average country town'is primarily an  agricultural distributing point, for the  distribution of supplies and provisions  to the farmer on the one hand, and for  the shipment, assortment, or manufacture of the farmer's products, on the  other. If the farms are. thrifty, tha  towns are thrifty; if the farms are  unthrifty, the towns are likely to be  dead. The ''thrift of the farms is: the  Boul of the business life of the towns.  The country town has ho outlet or escape except through the'country. Its  commercial  activities    largely    take  their color from the type of farming  that goes on about it The interests of  town and country, while in some measure'opposite, are essentially one; their  commercial life is largely one. The  business interests���������the merchant, the'  banker, the manufacturer, and all the  rest���������must become alert to the necessity for creating fair and adequate relations with the land population in  their own trade area in.the interests  of their own greatest' ultimate gain.  But again, equally important from  the country standpoint, is the fact  that the open country; cannot develop  any' substantial and permanent community life apart from a town or village -centre.-We may say what we will  about the open country having its  own community life apart from the village; but it never will, except for an  occasional specially inspired and usually short-lived example. The farmer's community centre will, be where  he trades; and that is where his"community life and spirit will head up. If  a' school or a church out by the roadside is made a real community centre, where there is vital community  life, it will soon find itself surrounded with stores, blacksmith shop, post  office, houses; and a village will have  sprung up. The farmer's community  life will be.found in the place where  he must of necessity go frequently  and where he. will meet other farmers; and he is. too busy to go often  to a place that is off his beaten path of  trade. We shall have to accept the  fact that whatever genuine community exeprience the farmer has he will  get at the cross-rouls of his trade, in  the town.  . If we accept this 'as true, then the  program for the development of town  and  country  together  must   include,  first of all,  better co-opeTative  business   and   commercial   relationships;  but it must extend beyond these and  must affect (he attitude of the schools,  the churches, the libraires, and most  of all the townspeople themselves. The  farmer must he caused to feel that he  is    part with the town and that his  farm  is  one of the real-enterprises  of the-community, making its definite  contribution to the community structure.   The town school will make provision .for adequate training for'children from the farms that naturally centre-in the'town.    The.farmer will be  attracted to the town church' instead  of staying home because of any feeling of inequality or distinction.-   The  village library will extend itself into  the country by means  of the parcel  post or otherwise and become a community-serving Hbra.-y. Plans for civic  improvement will treat town and country as one problem and improvements  will reach out into the country. Farmers and townspeople will work shoulder to shoulder in  the movement for  good roads and for good railroad service.    The country fail', which is usually held  in" a town centre  and is  town controlled, will seek farmers on  its board of managers, and take on the  aspect of a real, helpful, stimulating  country fair.   The whole attitude will  change and there will be new incentives  for  development in  both  town  and country, and new plans will be developed.   The commercial interests in  the town will find iheir larger service  in making the town, and'all of its institutions   and   enterprises,  serve   to  open country and the town alike, and  thus create the confidence on which  all good business must depend.���������The  Banker-Farmer. ,'  Help For the Soldiers Who Are  ing a Great War For  Justice  Our country, with'its Allies, is waging a great war for justice,'for the  protection of small.nations in the enjoyment of their rights, for continued  and growjng freedom, and for the  maintenance of iLs pledged word of  honor. 'Much destruction and desolation are being caused. Lives are being lost "by the thousand. Canada's  first contingent is now in the thick of  it. Some will fall sick; many maybe wounded; some will pay the last  full measure of devotion to their  country and its cause.  The Red Cross Society exists to  succor.the sick and wounded in war.  The need of Red Cross Service is great  and-growing greater as the war goes  on. Tho price of progress towards  lasting peace is very, very dear. It  cost lives, horu-s, health and much  besides. Canada's part in the-prj-  cess of payment, through ^giving for  Red Cross work, is. mercifully light  and easy, even when all have given to  the extent of really feeling it.  The soldiers and sailors ' pay the  price exacted by* the' desolating struggle from week to week. ' What they  paid in .blood and did in sacrifice a '  month ago was not enough for them.  Shall we say it "was enough for us?  What they are doing and suffering and  achieving have put aside, for the time,  all their thoughts and plans for indiv-'  idual welfare, comfort and ' safety.  They don't hesitate to establish precedents. But they are precedents of  berbic sacrifice for our country and its  cause, for our principles and ideals  that they niay.be upheld.  Farmers, individually as well as  through their institutes, clubs and  cheese and butter factories, are in a  position to help- very greatly. Their  business does not suffer from the war.  Prices of nearly all farm products  have gone up. While labor is scarce  there is time to think of the hoys at  the front and to send the Red Cross  Society a .gift to be spent for the sick  and  wounded.  Farmers are generous In sentiment  and generous in giving when their  hearts and heads point the way. This  js a case when they do so point clearly, persuasively and urgently. In this  crisis, in the lives' of nations and in  the lives of stricken soldiers, none can  pray too much, do too much or give  too ranch..  I appeal to farmers to send me  sums from ?1 to $50, during the first  week of May. Every $50 provides one  additional hospital bed with the giver's .name over it. By sending me  about .$10,000, you would serve'your  country well, bring credit to yourselves and make all of us very proud  of you. For the sake of tho wounded  boys, make the gift substantial. It will  be an investment towards the recovery of some Canadian soldier who  stood in our stead that our cause  might be upheld.���������Faithfully your  friend. .Tas. W. Roberfson. chairman  Red Cross Society at Ottawa.  GERMANY'S   INFORMATION    AND     PREPARATION  C. W.   Barron,   of  Wall  Street Journal,   Shows   that  Economic  Reasons were Largely Responsible for the Outbreak of  Hostilities���������Many Problems"lo be Settled  "The  Germans have  at Berlin  tin  most'complete bureau of information  -to be found anywhere in the world.  They know everything and understand  nothing. They-had no-measurement  in Germany to gauge the soul of a  nation such as that of the British empire," declared Mr. C. AV. Barron, in  his address before the Montreal Canadian club recently.  Mr. Barron, who is head of the Wall  Street Journal, the Boston News  Bureau and the Philadelphia News  Bureau, has had unequalled opportunities to get at the real causes of the  .titanic struggle now taking place in  Europe. Through personal contact  with great financiers, world famed  statesmen, and from personal observation, he has compiled a wealth of information regarding the causes of the  struggle. Mr. Barron, who was a  member of the London Statist staff  long before Sir George Paish became  associated with it, has discussed the  war with Sir George, as well as with  many other great financiers. In conversation with Paish as to the duration of'the war, the "latter', quoting  Sir John French, said: "The ^Allies  have dug themselves into a solid  trench from Switzerland to the Channel and.all J Jell cannot get them out."  "I know," said Mr. Barron, "that Sir  George is a good churchman, but in  this instance, he .������-as talking sound  doctrine."  Mr. Barron in the course of his address showed conclusively that economic reasons were very largely responsible for the outbreak of hostilities. Austria was anxious for' war  and merely used the assassination of  her Archduke as an excuse, although in Ihe last analysis the ultimatum which was-sent to Servia was  changed by the Kaiser to make it impossible of fulfilment. Austria was anxious to dominate the Balkan States  and through them the Eastern Mediterranean. He also showed that a  commercial treaty . which Germany  forced on Russia during the Russia-  Japanese war and under which Russia  was forced to accept German goods to  her own disadvantage, was at the bottom of ihe struggle between Germany  and Russia. '  This treaty \va; to terminate in 1017  and whan Russia "a short time ago  approached Germany in order to secure an alteration of the conditions  she was emphatically told that the  treaty was satisfactory to Germany  and   must   be   continued     bv' Russia.  That was a year ago. Germany's answer convinced Russia that she must  fight and she began preparing for the  struggle which she knew to be inevitable. Germany, on the other hand,  had decided that the present was tho  right moment to strike.    .  According to her system of espionage, the British empire was on the  eve of a break-up- Ireland was about  fo rebel, Indian was ready to secede,  South Africa was disloyal, while Can-'  ada would be gobbled up by the United States. Russia she knew to be in  no condition for the war, but recog-  nized'that in a couple of years Russia would be ready. France was weak  financially, while Germany herself had  been preparing for years and deemed  the present the opportune moment.  ,r"Germany," declared Mr. " Barron,  "knew everything, but understood nothing: They had no measurement in'  Berlin which would guage the soul  of a nation like Great Britain. Thay  had no knowledge of the ideals of the  Anglo-Saxon race, a government that  serves the people instead of ono which  rules."  "You would believe the war was  worth while," declared Mr. Barron, "if  you saw the rejuvenated France. She  is a new nation. The frivolous lire of  her people is a thing of tho past. You  would be astonished if you saw England being vitalized and recreated.  "This war,1' declared Mr. Barron, "will  settle some thirty-five or thirty-six  problems, any one of which is almost  as great as the slavery question which  was settled by the American Civil  war. '  "The first great problem is, whether governments shall serve or rule.  The sac-redness of treaties -and the  right of small nations to exist as'  such, are i,ome or the other great problems which shall be settled by this  conflict. It may take ten empires and  kingdoms battling to settle the question because Germany has ideas that  can only be shot away, but the problems will be settled. It is In the  last analysis a conflict between the  Anglo-Saxon ideal'of government and  that of German "Kultur." The one is  service, the extending of peace and  prosperity and the general good ot  mankind; the other is, the spread ot  material power and the belief that  the road to happiness is found making  your neighbor serve you and not in  you serving your neighbor."���������Montreal  Journal of Commerce.  King* Albert as a Reporter  Germans  Need  Copper    i   Canada's Fighting* Force  "Der Tag"  British    Captain     Heard  the  Famous  Toast   Before  the  Outbreak of. ���������  War  Commenting on Admiral von Tir-  pitz's indignant denial of the report  that German sailors were accustomed to toast "Der Tag," a Hull master  mariner, iu an interview with the Central  News  Hull  correspondent,  said:  "Some time before the war I was In  command of a steamer at Tunis, where  there were three Germr.n steamers,  one of which was consigned to the  same brokers as mine. Consequently  tho captain and 1 met every morning  at the office, and I found him a courteous German sailor.  "One day I walked into the principal cafe for lunch and found there  till three German captains on the same  errand:* I was invited to sit down at  their table, and was introduced to the  two stranger captains, with whom 1  passed  a  pleasant  half hour.  "Before leaving, one of tho Germans  stood up and drank the toast in .German, the other two joining him.  "You know what it is, captain?"  said my German friend.  " 'Oh, yes,' 1 replied. 'It is "To the  Day.' "  "He half apologized, and remarking,  'Well, it ought not to have been drunk  before you.'  " 'Oh, It doesn't matter,' I said, 'Both  you and I and our young friend here  and told him to stop it.  "There are many other shipmasters  who must have heard that toast drunk  long before the war."  The Potato  It    Rivals    Wheat    as   an    Article of  Staple  Food  Although it is recorded that tho potato (Solanun tuberosum) was used as  human food more than a thousand  years ago, its-culture did not extend  beyond the boundaries of South America until about the middle of the sixteenth century. To Sir Walter Raleigh  is credited the introduction of the potato into England t.nd in 1586 it was  definitely known to have been grown  in Ireland., Since that time the cultivation of this crop has extended ove/  the civilized globe. So great has the  reliance upon it become that when  blight occurred in Europe'at various  times during tha past three-quarters of  a century, the failure of the crop was  attended by serious famine conditions.  The potato has acquired a positio:..  next to wheat, for human consumption  in the annual field crops of the world  and enormous quantities are utilize.!  in the arts and for stock food. The  world's crop of poUtoes exceeds tiiat  of wheat by some two billion bushels.  Valuing wheat at one dollar and potatoes at fifty cent, per bushel, the  world's crop in 1912 may ha set down  r.t an approximate worth of $;i,800,-  000,000    for   wheat and $3,000,000,000  Who gave the toast will all be dead be- ! for Potatoes. Last year the figures for  fore that day comes, if it ever does   Canada, for wheat 161.2SO.000 bushels,  valued at $196,418,000, and for potatoes  come.  "At that the young German captain  got Into a rage and exclaimed:  . " T   am   just   out   of  the   German  navy, and I believe we could    do it  now.    We are not the navy-we were  twenty years ago.'  "The older captain Eto"rmed at him,  85,672,000  000  bushels  valued  at $41,598,-  Ship.'s Oiiiceiv-Oli, there goes eight  hells; excusi me, it's my watch below.  Old Lady���������Gracious; Fancy your  watch striking as loud as that!  Visited  United  States and Canada  in  Search of Information  'When King Albert of Belgium, as  Prince Albert, put aside his title and  became a newspaper correspondent,  he travelled a good deal, visiting  France, Austria, Britain, Scandinavia  and the American continent/including Canada. ��������� -- .  lnN this way the democratic prince  was able to study the commercial advantages of other countries, as well  as broadening his views and educating his mind. In order that he should  not be recognized during his expeditions King Albert grew a beard, wore  glasses, and trimmed his hair in a  new way. His disguise was so effective that many of his countrymen  whom he was a familiar figure passed  liim without recognition in. the various towns he visited.  The royal reporter seriously worked at the profession he adopted. In  the "United States he was employed by  a Minneapolis newspaper at a salary  of $15 a week. The king's employers  were quite unaware of his identity,  and when he returned with poor  "copy" he was as badly hauled over  the coals as were his less aristocratic  colleagues. A story is told by his  conferes of the way he endeavored to  obtain copy.  Whilst orr a Brooklyn newspaper  Albert wanted entry into a house  where a murder had taken place, lie  was stopped by a policeman, who demanded his card. The blue-blooded  reporter did not happen to have one,  so the representative of the law  roughly ordered him off.  A rival reporter who noticed lire  incident afterwards went up to the  policeman and said, "Do you know  that man you were speaking to was  Albert, Prince of the Belgians?"  "Well," answered the unenlightened  policeman. "Mr. Prince should havo  shown his card, for I've uever heard  of that paper."  In his reporting days King Albert  volunteered to write on any subject  connected with sport. As an all-  round athlete he was especially qualified as an authority on outdoor  games. He can box, fence, ride, shoot,  and swim. There are few subjects  on which King Albert could not write  a, good article. He has a knowledge  of metallurgy, mining, shipbuilding,  motor cars, and aviation.  and  Shells Are Now Being Gathered  'Re-used by the Germans  How long will 5,000,000,000 cartridges last in a war of the size of the  present one? How much copper has  Germany on baud from which'to make  new cartridges for the infantry rifles  and machine guns, and drying band:-,  for the shells of all sizes? Great  Britain has declared copper contraband of war, and is trying lo stop its  going to-any port whence it might  reach Germany. Other things might  end the war more speedily, but when  the supply of copper quits then the  war quits likewise. The Germans are  reported to have had nearly. 5^000,000,-  000 ritle cartridges on hand when war  broke out. They probably have 4,000,-  to<| 000 ��������� men'under arms, possibly more  They have thousands of machine guns,  each of which eats up cartridges as  fast as a whole infantry battalion.  Twelve hundred and fifty rounds per  soldier, excluding the machine guns,  and the 5,000,000,000 cartridges are  gone. Without doubt the Germans are  reduced already to picking up the fired  cases when it is feasible to do so.  Trench fighting is particularly well  adapted to this purpose, while from a  machine gun the ejected cases are  thrown so uniformly that a basket  would catch practically all of them.  The German cartridge cases are not  well adapted to being reloaded. The  American government reloads the  fired rille cartridges, and the requirements specify that each case must  stand 20 such'reloading:* without splitting or giving away at any spot. Hundreds of thousands of fired cartridges  are reloaded by the United States  army each year, because while the  complete loaded cartridges cost :.''.{.  cents, the case itself costs nearly 11.������  cents, a saving of 60 per cent, through  reloading.  An easterner who had bought a  farm in California had heard of his  neighbor's talent for raising large potatoes, so sent his farmhand over to  get a hundred pounds.  "You go home," answered the talented farmer to ihe messenger, "and  tell your boss that I won't cut a potato for any on el"  The cabby 'regarded the broken-  down taxi wtih a gleam of delight, but  did not speak. The chauffeur began  operating on his machine. He turned  and twisted it, and banged it, and  screwed it, but to no avail and still  the cabby spoke not. Then the chauffeur wiped liis brow and the cabby*  still with Ihe gleam in his eye, crossed  over. "'Ere," he exclaimed grimly,  holding out his whip: " 'ere yer are.  mister, 'it 'im with this."  An old soldier after leaving the British army wrote to his colonel in the  following tonus: "Sir���������After all I've  suffered, tell the army to go to hades."  A week or so later he received a reply in the usual official manner  ���������Any suggestions or inquiries  the movements of troops must be entered on Army Form 137, a copy of  which Is enclosed."  ; "Sir  as to  Dominion   is   in   the   Fjght  to   See   it  Through  "Our fathers refused to submit to  the tyranny of their own kings; their  sons will not submit to the absolutism  of an alien king. Our fathers won  for democracy her earliest and most  lasting triumphs; they gave their  lives to secure these privileges, if  their sons are worthy they will freely  give   their  lives  to   preserve   them."  The above words of Mr. N. W.  Rowell, K.C, summed up his eloquent ,  address delivered before the Empire  Club on "Democracy v. Militarism."  After comparing the conflict in Germany and Great Britain, the speaker  said that it was Oliver Cromwell who  settled once and for all against the  divine right of kings in England.  "The path of liberty for the German people lies in the overthrow of  militarism, and the only path of liberty to us rests in our pressing this  war to a gloriou:; conclusion. The  motherland has three million men  under arms, and if we in Canada had a  proportionate number enlisted we  would have at the present moment  350,000. to  500,000 men  in  training. ,  "What an inspiration it would be to  the heroes In the trenches, to the  mother country and all portions of  our empire, and to those who are now  going to the front, if our government  were, in addition to all they have  already said and done, to cable to his  majesty's government in Great Britain that we would at once undertake  to send at least another 100,000 men  to the front, not to fill gaps, but as a  new fighting force, as an evidence of  our appreciation of the sacrifices  already made, and of our determination to help finish tho task. If  our public men ot all parties wero  to go through the country and tell the  people of Canada tho vital stake we  have in this war what a response the.  pnople would make to this appeal  Canada is iu this fight to see it  through."���������Toronto Globe-  Railways In Alberta  In the province of Alberta there is  now one mile of railway for every 125  .persons. The province guaranteed  bonds last year for the construction  of 2.4HG miles of railway, Of which  there are irow completed and in operation 1,230 miles, and 347 graded, and  ready for track-laying. The mileago  was last year distributed as follows:  Canadian Northern, 656 miles; Grand  Trunk Pacific Railway, 259; Edmonton  & Dunvegan, 240; Alberta & Great  Waterways Railway, 750; Lacombe &  Blindman Valley Railway, 37. The  total mileage in the province Is 4,-  0fr7, which Is greater than in the  older provinces with the exception o������  Ontario.���������-Journal op Commerce. THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,. .B. C.  m OF THE CITY  The following recruits left for Ver  nun   last   Monday   to join the 54th  battalion: II. C. Jones, \V. T. Cook  V.   G.   Bond,    \V.   M.  Miller, G. J.  LeVasseur   and 'Chas.   Stacey.     A  large crowd of citizens  gathered   at  the  station  to  bid   them   farewell.  Before   leaving   the   men   made  a  presentation of a beautiful   bouquet  to   Mrs C. M. Kingston,   regent   of  the Daughters of  the   Empire, as  a  mark of appreciation for  the   many  acts of kindness extended   them   by  that society.  ' Life at Christina lake is assuming  its cud rrnary midsummer gaiety,  and the cottages at that popular resort are now all occupied. Dr.  Acres has rented G. E. Massie's cot-  tige, and the families of Messrs.  Hull, Gilpn and Hadden ' have  moved into their bungalows for" the  summer months.  R. Forrester now delivers hie milk  in si al -d pint and quart bottles.  He has alsu adopted other January  methods in his delivery work, among  them being the carrying of the bottles in a dust-proof cupboard cooled  with ice.  wh^re they will join the R  A. M. C.  for activ������ service.  Miss Marjorie " Kerman has returned home from a visit friends in  Naramata. She was accompanied  by Mrs. Cash.  Mrs P. C. Hayman, occonipanied  by Mrs. Bashford, of Queen's Bay,  returned home on Saturday from a  short visit to Spokane.  Constable George Stansfield, of  Phoenix, has been tsansferred to  this city. Constable- Howison, of  Golden, is the new policeman in  Phoenix.  It rains here now without"any ap  parent   provocation,   and    whether  the sun shines or not.  Work on the North Fork wagon  road has been finished for thp season, the crew of workmpn coming to  ���������town on Wednesday,  Torn Peck will be conductor on  Mother Lode train, and Charles  Norris, of Rnseberry, will handle  the throttle.  A iiri in the Great Northern  freight shed last Monday called out  tire department. The brigade arrived on the scene promptly, and  the blaze was extinguished before  much damage was done. The lire  is supped to have started from defective electric wiring.  The heavy cannonading somewhere iii France drove a few more  S3vere rainstorms to the Kettle Valley during the past week.  For Sale at a Bargain���������Span of  horses, set of double harness and a  democrat wagon. Apply- Wm.  Dinsmore, Columbia.  Thpre are ten www working at tne  Sally mine at Beaverdell, and ore  is being shipped regularly to the  Trail smeller.  Br? 'i* l"'i& .    ���������  KPT'S  J. Ii. Ryley returned on Monday  irom a fortnight's visit with his  family at Queen's Bay.  Dr. Tompset and A R Mann intend to leave, about the middle of  the   present   month   for  the coast,  Counterfeit twenty-five cent piecs  aro reported to be in circulation in  British Columbia. The coins show  the acid discoloration and are much  lighter than the genuine currency.  The ring of the coin is also not so  clear.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Min  2���������Friday  49  3���������Saturday   .... 53  4���������Sunday, 55  5���������Monday  51  6���������Tuesday bb  7���������Wednesday .. 55  8-Thursday..... 56  Jul  Max.  89  84  85  -77  78  73  76  Inches  Rainfall- Y. .1.38  The Sun was misinformed when  it stated, last week, that the local  K. of P. lodge' was one of the  spon  The One Dollar Mystery���������In five Acts.    (Passed by the Censor.)  sors of the picnic at Christina lake  on Dominion day. The credit for  that outing belongs to the Oddfellow  lodges of thifc city and Phoenix.  NEW   HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old  stand on Bridge street and will, manufacture:  New HarneSS harness reDairine. All  work guaranteed.  repairing.  Your patronage is solicited  School Repairs  TENDERS are called for certain repair work to be done at the Brick  School, namely, cement walks;, also  two rear porches to be erected. Specifications and particulars concerning  same may be had of the Secretary  after.'Wednesday,-July 44th,        .  All   tenders   to   be sealed, and in  scribed "Tender for    Repair   Work,"  and:will be received up to and including Saturday, July 17th.  The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  Y        ;    GEO   H   HULL,  '.-Secretary Board of Schuol -Trustees.  A wise man   never  poses  hero of his own anecdotes.  as   the  Only a doctor can repair some tpye  writers.  The best some people can do is to  express second baud opinions.  Today's  neglect  spells   tomorrow's  worry  DARY FEED&SUPPLY CO., LTO.  -WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUS, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  ���������^GAR-PF^SANAPA:POBTUND CEMENT  Which will he sold at  a close  price  for  cash or ap-  v    V;- proved credit.'  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  ������T������  %D#^  HOBINHOOD  Here We Are I  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "'.    PorriogeOats  "     Ferina  " "     Graham  "     WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by  TOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Local Business Mm  Are realizing more every day  the value of the concise,  memory tickling Classified  Want Ads. Make your story  short and pithy and our Want  Ad. Columns will repay you  a hundred fold for the small  investment.  *miX3&s%KBE3aE&������SafflllM������WIIBS^  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  <tOH ,>KR ACRE���������The old Graham rnncli of  vpZU 812 acres, at Cascade, can he purchased at $20 per acre, if taken at once. W,  K. Ealing owner, Rossland, B. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDERS WANTliD ns agents for our high  tirade hiuvcles. Write for low prices to  THOS. PLIM LEY'S CYCLE WORKS, VICTORIA, B.C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your  repairs  to   Armson, shoe   repairer.    The   Hub.    Look  for the   Big  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PRICES paid for old Stove?  and   Ranges.    H. C. Peckliam,   Secondhand Store.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  ,  'GOD   five room  house: two   hlookfi   from  }    po.st office.    Apply this office.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I ; have opened a .bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty"  R.  ^m First and  Main  Sts.,  1   Grand  Forks,  B. C.  ass Furniture  A When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  <S We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful con- ���������  sideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  I We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  e nome rurnishers  ���������^  M  /If  I


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