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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jan 15, 1915

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 BI^AU ���������������'tifc*UaA<M>u> *.  I vf#^L������gJsljtrve library; v  /&  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 11  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  ��������� The last- meetihg'Vof Ithe 1914  council. w'ast^beld-:'in"L the '"council^  chambers on Monday evening, when  ' the business of the- past year was  brought.to a close.. - All the members-^'except Aid. .Bickerton were  present.  '-.,-.  .Health Officer Kingston reported  that a cityj indigent patient had  been admitted to the Cotlage hospital. Referred to tbe health and  relief committee..' .  .-The clerk reported that the deeds  for the'parts of lots acquired for the  right --of way "for the street to the  GreatNortbern station were ready for  registration." He was authorized to  have, the property registered.  J. A. McCallum, city auditor, in  Submitting.' the. financial statement  for the past year,- congratulated "the  council, on. the excellent conditiou  of the city finances   in  spite of the  disarrangement of industrial   condi-'  tions incident to the  war.-   He  attributed  this good showing to   the  fact  that the assessment had been  made commensurate to meet all expenses, and to the further fact- that  during the year all the departments  of   the. city had kept tbe expenditures, within .their estimates. - He  also complimented the' chairman of  the finance  committee on the able  manner in. which  he  had directed  the handling of the city's funds. On  of the registered property owners in J  the city. ,'*''���������'  ��������� Mayor Gaw congratulated the aldermen of the West ward on their  re election by acclamation.  The first meeting of the 1915  council will be held in the , council  chambersiriext Mojnday evening.  GRANDFORKS  Halphrey-Brothera, of the Curlew  Creamery company, have made   arrangements   to start a creemery in  this city,, and  they  expect to be  ready to commence business by the  first   of April next."   They also intend to  operate an ice cream plant  in   connection   with the creamery.  These gentleman possess a thorough  knowledge  of   this   industry,    and  they   have-a  splendid   market for  all,their products     There  is  therefore no question as to tne success of  enterprise.    They   announce     that  they will be in the market for all the  milk and,cream that the ranchers of  the valley can supply them.    This  ehould prove a-great impetus to the  cattle   raising industry  of the district,   and   will   undoubtedly, add  vastly   to   the - prosperity   of   our  farming community.  " Eagles Install Officers  At the meeting last Monday night  the local lodge of the Fraternal  Order of Eagles installed the follow  motion of Aid. Manly and Henniger, ".  the auditor's statement was  accept-   -ng   ������ftcer8   f������r  the eD8uiug tertn:  ed, and on motion of Aid. Manly  and McCallum, it was ordered  printed.  The   chairman   of  the board  of  works reported that the   contractors  .   had started work on   the  Winnipeg  avenue fill.    The board had decided  to use a concrete pipe for a   culvert  under the fill. 'This would cost $1.50  ��������� per foot.and the chairman asked for  authority to let the contract' to  the  Grand   Forks   Concrete   company,  which   was   granted.    He also reported   that   the   city    team   was  steadily employed in hauling gravel.  J.   A.   McCallum-stated   to   the  council that he had received   a  letter   from   the C.PM.   land department, in which tbe company offered  to sell the parcel of land required by  the city for   the   Winnipeg avenne  fill at $175 on the usual terms. ; He  was requested to further correspond  with tbe company, and to procure a  deed.of the property.  The Curlew firm which intends  to establish a creamery in this city  on the first of April next made application for a permit to erect a'n  ice house in the rear of the old  steam laundry building. Referred  to the board of works.  The usual numfier of bills, accumulated during the past month,  were ordered paid.  On motion of Aid. Manly and  Henniger, the mayor and city clerk  were authorized to sign- the contract  with the contractors of the Winnipeg avenue fill.        >  The board of works was  instructed to use its influence with the contractors of the Winnipeg avenue fill  to have them employ men who may j  be in distressed circumstances. j  Past worthy president,  Jas^Reeder;  worthy   president,   P.   A.   Z. Pare;  worthy   vice-president,    Carl   Wolfram; secretary, Leo Mader;  worthy  treasurer, John Meinel; worthy conductor,    A.   Mackintosh;     worthy  chaplain, H.C. Griffin; inside guard,  F. McCormick; outside guard, Wm.  Dacre; trustees, Thomas   Benniger,  James West and b.  Russell.    After  the   installation   the   members  sat  down to  a substantial  supper, prepared by the Eagles' oheta.  Vestry JVleeting  The annual vestry meeting of  Holy Trinity church was held on  Monday night in the parish hall.  Rev. P. C. Hay man presided. The  finaucial statement for the past year,  which showed that the church ^vas  in very good condition, was read by  Secretary Barlee.  Reports from   the  [Paper read by E, C.  Hunt  at   tbe  meeting of the Grand Forks Farm-  ' ersMnstitute, held at Grand Forks  - Janu.ry 9, 1915.]  'We have several orchard practices  which  are   very essential -in order  that  we   maybe  able to grow the  best and commercial fruit.   Pruning  is one of the oldest of   these orchard  practices, and a very  essential  one;  but without soil fertility,  spraying,  and cultivation, pruning will .be  of  little value.    Our object in   pruning  may be stated in the following ways:  To make the plants vigorous; to give  them     some     desired     shape;   to  strengthen   the   framework  of  the  trees; to make them fruitful;   to  allow sunlight and air and to regulate  the heat and sunlightso as   to   prevent    sunburn;    to   aid   in    such  orchard work as spraying, thinning  and harvesting,   and  unfortunately  in   some   cases, to get a  supply of  vvatersprouts     and     firewood.    In  studying   pruning   we  must make  ourselves acquainted with' the  general principles, and we should make  a special study of the buds. In tak-  inn up some of the  general   principles,   we   find that, in many cases  heavy   top   pruning   will   produce  heavy   wood ��������� .growth, and   have   a  tendency to rejuvenate the tree.   On  the other hand, too   he ivy prnning  may   devilop   a   strong   growth "of  waterdprouts, which   is   an    indica  tion of lack of balance between   lop  is besl to use' the semi-pyramid  form or shape of tree. We find that  this type of tree will carry a crop of  fruit much "asier anil J more uniform size and color, than the vase or  pyramid form of tree. The vase or  open top tree is a vpry good form to  use for peach trees. ��������� The peach  tree, bears its.fruit .on, one-year-old-  wood. Thus, in ouder to keep good  strong bearing, wood, low down on  our trees, we must prune our trees  hard and to an open top.  The success of our ��������� orchards   will  depend a great deal upon  the  early  training of our trees    We should en-  deaxor, when possible, to secure one  year old branch trees.   We will find  that the lateral   branches on these  trees are growing at right angles   to  the trunk".    Head the tree to   about  24 to 30" inches  from   the "ground,  and select three or  four  of the best  side branches; cut them.back   to   a  bud on the top side and about eight  or ten inches from the ground.   The  one year old. straight   or  whip tree  when planted should be cut back to  a bud about thirty inches from the  surface   of   the   ground.    If   good  growth takes place, we   will get five  or   six   side   branches out from the  trunk the first year.    We will   find  that   the   lower   branches grow at  much wider angles to the trunk than  those   nearer the top; so remove one  or two of the limbs near the top, so  as to eliminate the   weak  crotches;  start your first side limb  about   fifteen, .inches .from the -ground, .and  select three or  four   of   these"  side  branches wellspaced on   the  trunk,  and growing as near as   possible   at  right angles to the trunk.    This will  form .the   framework of  your tree. J  Then cut your side branches back to J  a bud on the top   side,    and   about  ELECT MAJORITY  ...The .1915 city government ,for  Grand Forks came very near to being, elected by acclamation. But  the idea to. make it unanimous  failed by an extra aldermanic candidate being nominated in the East  ward.  Monday   was   nomination    day.  For mayor Robert Gaw was the only  candidate placed in the  field.    The  West   ward   aldermanic  delegation  conssisted   of Neil McCallum,'John .  Dohald8onHand  Charles  Bickerton,  and for school trustees J  A. McCilium, Jeff  Davis  and F. M: Kerby  were nominated.    The above candidates   were  all  declared elected by  acclamation   by   Returniug   Officer  Hutton.  In   the  East  ward   the aldnianic  candidates nominated were William".  Bonthron, E. C. Henniger,   W.   K.  C. Manly   and  J.   A. Smith.    The -  poll, taken   yesterday,   resulted, in  the   election  of   Messrs. Bonthron,.'..  Manly and  Smith.    The   vote   follows:  Wm. Bonthron  101  W. K. C. Manly   98  J, ArSmith  75  E. C. Henniger  6?  other  The growth habits of trees vary a  great deal. Some have a very close  and upright habit of growth,. while  others are spreading growers. Some  are strong and others are weak  growers. These factors must all be  considered in pruning the different  varieties.  We find that fruit bearing be  comes more or less of a habit with  trees, but we are able to change this  habit to some extent by pruning.  Summer pruning, if done at the  right time and moderately, will  have a tendency to produce fruit  buds, while on the other hand, win  ter pruning has a tendency to produce wood growth.  Summer pruning'is usually  prac-  woman's auxiliary showed a   mem-|iiced ������Q V������Ung tree8 which are Pr0"  l���������i_.-_    , ..      ���������  . . Iducing excess   wood  growth at the  expense of fruit  spur formation, up  and roots, and   causes   one  part of  the tree to live at the expense of the {eight  to  "r^n 7nches7om"'the tTuTk  of the tree     Prune the leader to  a  bud towards the centre of   the tree.  The leader should nof be allowed to  become more   than   a    foot longer  than the side   branches,   and   from  year to year check by  cutting  back  to a weak side limb.  ' The pruning of   your  trees, after  the first year, and   the   amount   of  growth to cut back,   will   be   determined   by the   pruners.    No fixed  rule can be   followed, as   the  trees  vary a great deal in   their habit   of  growth.  With young trees up to .about the  sixth or seventh year, aim to prune  to strengthen the framework of the  tree, and to encourage fruit spur  formation.  We   alwavs   find   in our trees a  number   of email   lateral   branches  bership of the seuior woman's aux  iliary   of- 60; junior   branch,  40;  baby's branch,   32, making a   total  of 132.    Jeff Davis, F. R. S. Barlee  and H. L. MeKenzie   were   elected  delegates to the synod, with  C.   C.  Heaven  and   H.   A.   Leroy substitutes.    The rector   appointed   Jeff  Davis  his   warden,   and Mr. Barlee  was re-elected peoples' warden. The  following   were   elected    sidesmen:  Thomas Symes.H. A. Leroy, Nathan  Taylor,   W.   T.   Luscombe,  G. H.  Hullj Osborne Allen, C. C. Heaven,  Dr. Acres and Frank Latham; audi  tors, G. A. Spink and H. H. Spinksj  vestry clerk, Charles Mudge.  In most cases the milk of human  kindness yields more - buttermilk  than butter.  to about the sixth year. The time  to summer prune will depend a  great deal upon tbe different varieties and the length of the growing  season, as we find some varieties  grow much later than others, and  also our trees will grow much later  one year thad in another.  We should aim to summer  prune  just before growth stops.   By pinching back or cutting back part of the  terminal. Pruning at this time tends  to produce fruit buds.   If you summer   prune   too  early, you will get  second growth, which is tender and  will   freeze   back.   If you snmmer  prune   too   late    after   growth   is  stopped, you have lost your aim,and  summer pruning then become'acase  of early winter pruning.  In   pruning- young trees, such as  The city clerk was instructed   to'    One kind of chronic   bore  is the  write   Registrar   Dunbar, of 'Kam-' loafer who acts as if your time  was  apples," pearsfpl'ums "and  cherriss  loops, and obtain his terras for a list  all his own. '  which are a foot or less in length.  By allowing these small branches to  grow from the terminal bud and not  pruning them back, a large portion  of the side buds will develop into  fruit spurs. By this practice we can  force our trees into bearing much  earlier. Sometimes we can let our  young trees go for one year without  pruning back any of the terminal  growth, and encourage fruit spur  formation all along the main  branches. These main-branches can  then be strengthened by pruning  them back the next year.  After the trees commence to bear,  prune to keep the trees well open  to allow the air and sunlight into  them, to fitrengthen the tree and to  thin the fruit. Aim as nearly as  possible to let the fruit regulate the  growth of the tree.  Dreadnoughts for 1915  The new British battleships, of  which delivery is promised before the  end of the present year, are as follows:  Queen Elizabeth, Warsj.ice,Valliant,  Barhara and Malaya���������Displacement,  27,500 tons; speed, 25 knots; guns,  8 15-inch and 16 6-inch,  Resolution. Ramillies, Revenge and  Royal   Sovereign���������Displacement, 29,  00C tons; speed, 22.5   knots; guns, 10  15 inch and 16 6-inch.  Canada~-Displaceinent,28,0i)0tons;  speed, 23 knots; guns, 10 14-inch and  and 16 6-inch.  Tne German fleet does not contain,  nor will it in the course of the present  year contain, a single vessel to compare with the above, however hard  they work in-German shipyards. In  the course of twelve months the  British fleet will be strengthened by  eighty 15 inch guns, ten 14 inch guns  and 160 more 6 inch guns, all mounted in ships representing the last  word in naval design.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on-E. F. Laws' ranch:  Mia. Max.  Jan.    S���������Friday 32 37  9���������Saturday  .... 17 31  10��������� Sundry....... 13 34  11���������Monday  31 36  12���������Tuesday  23 35  13���������Wednesday...   9 23  15���������Thursday  20 30  Inches  Snowfall     4.6  Elmer Ness, of Christina lake,  and Miss Livesley were married in  Spokane last week.  After children grow up their par-  Work was resumed at the Argo  mine in Greenwood last Monday.  The stock has been taken off the  market.  which bear their fruit  on  spurs,   it ents often prove a disappointmet.  Major Anderson, of   Rock  Creek,  has gone to the war. THE.   SUIv
::,HAXD
FORKS,    B. C,
MARSH   LIGHTS
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Germane    Escaped    From
French   in  the  swamps
Another instance oi" almost incredible   preparations  "iado  by- the  Germans through the agency of spies, for
the   present   war  is  illustrated  hy  a
-   story  which  linn  heen  brought back
t. Paris by i\l. Leon Uourgois, the senator of Marne, from a visit which he
paid to his department.
It will be rcmemnered that it was
expected that the Gonnam would
stiller great loss by being .Iriven into
Uio uVcit'fUicn of Saint Gond,-which are
particularly impassable to people nu-
tauiiliav with the paths. When the
Gnrmnn re'reat began iho French
earned'out a turning movement which
h'.cl the desired effect of compelling
Uio Germans, with their artillery, to
retreat into the marshes.' The enemy
was followed by shell fire, and Ihcn
tho French infantry advanced, expect-
ir.g to find most of the enemy engulfed
In the swamps.
TLey were rewarded by securing a
certain numb r of guns and prisoners,
but not nearly'so many us had been
expected. It -/as clear that largo
numbers of th' Germans had bejn
able to got across the swamps in safety. Plow they had done so was at
iirsl a mystery. An examination Oi
the marshes revealed, however, that
at regular intervals there lay along
certain lines across the bog little piles
cf slates. So small and inconspicuous
wore they that a; first'it seemed hardly possible that^they should, have
served as.marks to guide the passage
of an army/particularly as pari of the
German retreat:had; been .carried out
at night, when these little slate cairns
would'be quite invisible.' But when
night time the French scouts who
had penetrated into the marshes noticed a curious thing. Everyone of
tl ose little piles of slates began, as
darkness 'deepened, lo glow with a
dim light. They were examined more
closely and then it was found that
they had all been covered with phosphorescent pain*-, and the' irregular
line which they marked was that of
the solid ground among the swamps
along which a narrow column of
troops and even of guns could pass in
safety. v
��� Evidently the whole of this dangerous district had been carefully surveyed and mapped out. The prefect of
the department remembsred ��� thai
some months ago a party of German
engineers had come to the authorities
with a proposition that they should be
allowed to examine- the district .and
establish' a peat cutting industry if
their researches showed that it would
be profitable. Permission was readily
enough given an.l the German engineers disappeared into the marshes,
vliere for several weeks they worked
undisturbed. Tlun they came back
io the authorities of the department.
"It is loo early yet lo give a definite
opinion," Ihey said, "but wo will return to Berlin and consult our principals and we may come back shortly."
JEADLY, TORPEDOES  OF WAR
Ramified Royalty
The Dutch are uncomfortable just
now iff having a German \usband lo
advise their, admirable and beloved
queen, and the German Prince Consort is equally uncomfortable. H> may
be as true lo his adopted country as
was the good Prime Albert,-but,-*like
the excellent Prince Louis of Batten-
berg, who was driven by jingoes
from the post he had .well earned and
was ably tilling:, as first sea lord of the
admiralty, he cannot free himself
from popular misgiving. The Dutch
will not seek another iu that quarter.
The omperor of Russia has a German
wife, .who . is now 'in the-distressful
position of being al war with her own
folk. Her own ��� sympathies are for-,
tunately more English than German,
her mother having heen the Princess
Alice of Englaul..
'" The crown prince of Bavaria, who
is now. slandering England to his
troops with the Berlin falsehood that
it was England that caused this war
by uniting the powers against Germany, a lie which we credit him with
being fool enough to believe, and
which his people seem to be fools
enough to believe, is a brother of the
brave and beloved Queen of Belgium,
whose country l.e is helping lo torture. The position of the Bavarians
in this matter is a little hard to understand. The southern Germans are
supposed to resent exceedingly the
enforced aud arrogant dominance of
Prussia. Bui;'the Kaiser seems to
have flattered this-silly prince by say.
ing thai he would like* the English to
meet the Bavarians just once. Well,
lie. had brought them to the hot place
of the war for that purpose and they
sot their experience. A whole battalion of them surrendered to tlie terrible English.--Montreal Weekly witness
Grateful to Canada
f-'or all that Canada has done in
Mils war, for her splendid troops, for
her gifts, for her instinctive comprehension of the .slake that, is ou the
table and above all for the spirit iu
which she has asserted her.right to
lake a hand in the game, the British
people are profoundly grateful. Never
was the assistance she has so lavishly
offered more welcome and never was
it more needed. The full strength
which the whole British empire can
put forth will 1-e none too much to
overthrow the power that, has challenged its very existence.���London
Daily Mail.
"What's the matter there? Cant1
you please that lady in a dog blanket?"
"1 can please her, all right," answered the clerk, "but fho wants the dog'
to Indicate his preference, and he's
one of these blase pups that doesn't
seem lo care for anything."���Judge.
W. U. U. 1029
A Richmond rregro preacher said to
his congregation: "My bredren, when
de fust man, Adam, was created he
was made of clay and sot agin dc fireplace to dry."
"Do you say," said one of the congregation rising to his feet, "dat Adam
was made of clay and set up agin de
fireplace to dry?"
"\es, sir, I do."
"Den, who made de fireplace?"
"Sit down, sir," said the preacher
sternly, "such questions as dat would
upset any system of theology."
Tho   Limit
"Titcwad is a mean old cuss, isn't
he?" said Mack.
"What  is   he  d-'hig  now?"     asked
Mack.     .   ���
"lie is feeding his gold fish on white
pasteboard and making them imagine
it is fish food," replied Mack.���Cincinnati Enquirer.
Doctor���4)o    (to you  talk  in your
sleep?
Patient���No; I talk in oth��r people's
I'm a clergyman.
High Explosive and Complicated
Mechanism of Death-Dealing
Device
Jn tho titanic struggle now rending
the European continent, torpedoes already have served a not inconsiderable purpose. Modern torpedoes are
the most deadly machines of war ever
evolved. They are much more powerful than those used in tho last great
war, the Japanese-Russian conflict.
Torpedoes arc manufactured today so
deadly that one of them is,capable of
sending ti.e mo:;l powerful dreadnought to the boviom.
Trinitrotoluene, which, for the bene,
fit of the uninitiated, 'may be printed
tri-nitro-tolu-one, and is curtly spoken
of by navy men as T.N.T., is the
compound on wheh Germany is relying to reduce our ballleshin"~strengtli
before her^-ruam fleet puts forth to
give battle.
It-Is the explosive in .the warhead of
the modern torpedo. Until quite recent years guncotlon (whose other
name is trinitrocellulose),. was used,
but the discovery of means whereby
j-.N.T. could be detonated, made the
use of Miat much more deadly explosive possible in the torpedo. It is
r. rival of picric acid (of which lyddite is a form) and,is derived from
nitric acid and 'toluence, which is one
of the benzine series.
It is remarkably insensitive lo
shock or friction, and can be sawn
through, or fired- on at short range by
rifle, bullets and will not-detonate.
Even fulminate of mercury, for many
years the only detonator used, is not
powerful enough to explodo T.N.T.
effectively," and consequently, next to
the fulminate in the cap of the detonator, a quantity of tetryl Is placed,
though it has been stated that in the
most modern torpedoes this has been
replaced by lead azide, which is absolutely insensitive to damp, and-has
other 'advantage.
The latest: pattern of German torpedo Is of 21% inch diameter, carries
a bursting charge of 290 pounds of
explosive, and has a range of about
7,500 yards.
Most people-know that a torpedo is
a cigar shaped" projectile, but only a
few realize that it is about 17 feet
long. . Nor probably are many people
aware of the uncanny devices which
have beeu added to the torpedo'one
by one to ensure that it shall do its
work.
The torpedo is fired nearly always
from a tube beneath the water 'line,
and traveling as: it does, through the
water" and not through: the air, is always liable ��� be deflected from its
course. Moreover, now that it is destined to be used against ships of high
speed on the move, instead of-merely
atvaiichored vessels, .-'���was originally
the casq, the torpedo lieutenant, in
arranging the firing of the torpedo,
has to allow.both for the speed of the
projectile towards the enemy's ship
and the speed at which the ship is
traveling across the path of the torpedo.
To correct, the tendency lo leave the
straight course, a gyroscopic attachment was invented, and, to make additionally certain that the torpedo
shall find ts mark, a device which
may be likened-to the ears, lias been
patented. This is a microphone whi^h.
catches the sound of the .ship's propellers and; st .jrs the torpedo toward
that sound. ��� ."
In sections a torpedo iiiay bo described thus: ���������������-.'���������
1. The pistol and detonator.
2. The explosive charge.
���3. Ar chamber containing the compressed air motive power.       .
4. Balance chamber, in which are
the controls of the-rudders:
5. Eugnes.   .   .
(j.   Buoyance chamber.
7.'   Rudders.
S.    Propellers.
'Jhis is, of course, only the barest
outline of what is one of the most ingenious and complicated death-dealing machines iu the world. Improvements in the design of the torpedo are
the "most jealously guarded secrets of
any admiralty. .Germany long ago
abandoned the practice of buying torpedoes from any anna���ent firm, and
made them in her own government
works, close Lo a suitable exp.anse of
water where they could be tested in
absolute secrecy. And evan with all
the improvements no torpedo lieutenant trusts his "tin fish." It is a
treacherous and ungrateful animal,
that may play its master false at any
moment, though it will hardly turn
and rend the hand that fired it. Even
the temperature of the water may not
be to its liking and will make all the
difference iu  the world  to its speed.
AIMED  AT NEWSPAPERS "
Ottawa." Regulation for Control of
Alien Newd in Canada
A special order in council presenting regulations prohibitng the publication of-newspapers, tracts,-or general
publications which may bo directly or
indirectly of use lo the enemy, or containing articles, news or information
bearing directly on the present war
which is not in accord with the fuels,
has just been issued by the privy
council. By the order the postmaster
general may refuse mails to any such
paper or periodical. Thereafter the
notice of this prohibition of the mails
shall, be publshcd in tho Canada
Gax.ette'ancl anyone having iu his possession copies of such ��� periodicals
shall be liable to a fine not exceed.ng
$5,000 oramprisonment not exceeding
5 years. Any director or officer of a
company or corporation contravening
the regulations of the order, shall .be
liable  to  the  same  penalty.  .
Prosecution in such case shall be
instituted only by the attorn'-:1 general of Canada.
SPIES TRAINED  FOR THEIR  DUTY
Highly Qualified  Men Sent Broadcast | ff
Useful
Island   of   Cyprus
Cyprus, which h.as been annexed In-
Great Britain, is the third largest island in the Levant. It has a length
of 140 miles aud an average breadth
of 45, Iho total area being c,5S4 square
m les. Cyprus has been a protectorate of Great Britain since IS7S, much'
as Egypt has been controlled by iho
British, although both in reality belonged to Turkey. This is not tho
first* time that Cyprus comes definitely and distinctly . under British control, Richard I. having conquered" it
on his way east when on the Third
Crusade. From l."370 and throe centuries thereafter, or up till ISIS, Cyprus was iiiidtr Turkish rule, and was
forced to endure all the usual forms
of Turkish misrule and cruelty. Since
3878, it has been admir.islerc..
through the British colonial office by
means of an arrangement made with
Turkey in that year. The government
is carried out by a high commissjou-
er, assisted by executive and legislative councils.
The island of Cyprus had a population in 1901 of ^07,021', consisting
largely of Greeks and Turks. Aboii:
twenty-two per, cent, of the island adhere to' the Mohammedan religion.
The island produces the usual Mediterranean fruits,/wines, tobacco, silk,
sponges,, some grain and t considerable amount of mineral wealth. 'The
capital is Nicosia, which is located iu
the interior, the two chief ports being Limasol and Larnaca. Now that
Cyprus is a definite part of ihe British
empire, it is only to be expected that
a more vigorous policy in connection
with the development of. the. island'.',
resources and tho cultivation of, its'
commerce, will be proceeded with. The
island is an important1 possession, as
it commands the Levant.���Montreal
journal of Commerce.;
"I niade a mistake," -sa.id Plodding
Pete. "I told that man: up the road I
needed a little help 'cause--/! was
lookin'- for me family from whom -1
had been  separated fur- yoarcv'
"Didn't that make him come
across?" '"
. "He couldn't, see it. He said dat
he didn't know my ��� family, but, he
wasn't going to help iirhringing any
such trouble on 'em."
.'.Frenchman has succeeded iu extracting a fibre useful in..textiles'aud
cordage from the water hyacinth of
Judo-China.
Irritable. Schoolmaster���Now, then,
stupid, what's the next" word? What
comes r':ter che  ;e?
DJl Boy���A mouse, sir.
���with burning, highly colored
urine���arc sure sigii^ ot weak or
in flammed Kidneys. Gin Pills
cure all Kidney and Bladder
Troubles, 50c. a box. 6 for $2.50,
���at all dealers. 268
Over World to Gather
Information
Very grave considerations arc at-
tacnuu'to tne question of German espionage'in Britain, "All countries spy.
it is iner.oiy-a matter of .wnoc.ier.it, is
iions* wen or not. The German spy*is
������.lie,widest, spread form_.of tne evil existing ii liiii-'opc. All have ue"en awa-'o
jj iu<- cttsoiise. but none seem to-have
found the remedy.
Kir.co tlivi rut'jre-.k of the war the
severest restrictions have beer: taken
to obviate the leaicage ot news^ censors closely investigate v every despatch from whatever source, telephone
conversations in foreign languages are
ntPtanriy cur. off arm every possible
precaution, is taken Vet German .spies
ni Kngiaud��� wno.'j name is legion���
laugh at. British primitive methods
mm. manage to get ah that transpires
at the front tlirougn to Berlin and,
elsewhere, as well as a good deal luoro'
that is Cleverly ."collected" of,a far
more intimate character..
How is this done? Much criticism
is levelled at military and civil authorities for the' leniency displayed.-in
the civil courts, ;and- elsewhere, to-
'wards spies'who are'eaugnt, more or
loss "iu the act." The German method,
ot instantly shooting spies or hang-'
ing them, is quoted, and Britain is
voted tne easiest going and. less suspicious country in the world.
urgent demands-are-made that'all
Germans���naturalized or otherwise���
uo ��� riutsod"' from* Mrilish shores, or
enclosed in a compound from which
any attempt to escape would at once
be followed t'y a sentry's bullet. This
is no easy matter and .cannot bo accomplished in a moment, be the authorities ever so eager in its prosecution".
Thai it should be done there is little
little room to doubt. The fault really lies in the .system which' lias permitted such shoals of. Germans and
other "undesirables" to land without,
until recently, any organized system
of registration or-means of tracing
nc\s armals, after- they-have been
:-.0n:ie little rime in tho country.
When tlie Aliens act was, passed in
1905 a certain restriction was imposed
upon the scum of Europe being
"dumped" .upon Britain's shores, aimed chiefly at persons from,, southern
Europe, landing here inta state of penury or disease without relatives or
definite means, of subsistence later on.
It made no provision, however, for
that more daj^orou-. ".nd higher class
of intruder, from which iho higher
class of German spy has been"taken.
Take tho case of that master, spy,
Armgaard Karl Graves, whose mach-
nations.��it will bj remembered, .the
New York American made considerable "efforts to immask some months
ago without avail\owing to the absolute refusal on the part of the British
government authorities to give any in-
roi'iuntioii about him. - Graves is as
well known in "America as he is in
London. His skill and ingenuity at
liis? trade is well set forth in a hook
he has jivl published entitled "The
oecfptp of ilic German War Office."
Whether it he exaggerated, sen'sation-
\" or a distorted record oi." facts, it i
proves bevond doubt the thoroughness j
of the German spy system, the utter'
imsorupulousness of those even in
hi��h places and the splendid efficen'cy
with which tho work allotted them is
carried out by the German profession-
al spy.
Here, then, is the real miswit to
the-question as lo how 1t is done. No
German spy is sent out on his difficult mission without, a complete training in the- art of discovering the- secrets of' tho country whoso "iiitolli-''
Z nee" department he has to probe.
A stern code.cf "do's" niid "don't's" is
'thoroughly instilled into him. lie
must learn���just.like a trained burglar���how to assume."disguises and act
parts at. a moment's notice. Absolute
silence'- in all. company as to his missions must be adhered to. Too hiiich
association with petticoats, wiio.juay
be decoy duck:;, is. "discountenanced.
Me... becomes a. numher, not a ��� uuit,
from the day' he enters the-service"
seriously.' He inust avoid' tlie telephone,- the telegraph, and; the cable
as much as possible. A,.prearranged
cipher may only'be used in urgent:
cases?. He must-be v-au-; expert in
mathematics, trigonometry,- surveying
draughtsmanship and alL the arts
n'ecssary to take quick and accurate
estimates of vessels, forts, harbors in
the- land to. which he is asnghed. ,
This Karl Graves ..ivag,-,.trained under the direct tutelage'"of tlie..imperial service and ler.rned 'all about torpedoes, guns, etc., from scientific and
highly qualified military and naval officers, lit hits proved a past master
in the'art of many disguises. At one
tiniu we find hirn a-millionaire from
South Africa studying and getting
in tow with special 'mugs" Jirough
the medium of the green cloth, at another he is attached, to the German
hospital in Turkey specializing on
Asiatic diseases as a result of his
medical training but really spying; in
the Straits Settlements he proceeded
to get "plans, data, and photographs"
of the British now naval base, there
while posing as a tourist interested,
in tropical botany. lie had some inter-!
WRGSE'NE
-' light is'best:for
young eyes andojd
eyes, alike.-; Thex
m
lamp gives'you
kerosene ligiitatits
best��� a: steady;
,generous glow that
.reaches everyjpor-
ner of the room.
The RAYO does not.
smoke or smell/ It is
made of solid brass,
riickei-plated.Itis easy
to light, easy to clean,
easy to rewick.'. At
dealers everywhere.
' - Made in Canada ;*
H    ROYA'JTE OIL U lost for ��ll *����
THE IMPERIAL O I CO.. Limited
Wiuniptr    Ctlg4rr   Regiaa MobIimI
Quebec       H��li/��x ' Edaonton   Sail��t*n
V����:ouTsr Torcnlf*. ������'���;.'���. Ottaw*
GREAT.FEAT Or FRENCH PATROL.
The French navy has built an artificial island of cc.icrete at Toulon for
testing torpedoes p.ml as an ammttnl-1
*lon magazine.
esting experiences among the managers of Liptcm's tea plantations in Ceylon. When arrested at-'Rojyth on the
,arth of Forth ���particulars of every
vessel in the British navy, every naval
Lase, fortfications and strategic point
in Great Britain was found upon him.
And for (his the highest salary he
earned in his prime was $2,.rj00 per an.
r.uin with an unlimited i.iargiu for
expenses, the latter being never questioned, v.-liile bntitiHos are given for bi^
conns.'
Hold    Huge    Body    of    Germans,in
Check  and   Retire After   Long
Battle
Meutcuant Verlui is honorably
mentioned in (..eneral Joffre's order oi
the day. for a remarkable feat -in the
valley of tli3 Oise. Surrounded by the
enemy while engaged in scouting, he
managed to rejoin his regiment after
losing 37 men out ,of .50. A survivor
now'in* a. hospital here gives an account of the adventure.
. The reconnaissauce party was,operating on the right panic of the Oise,
Its members were told that Uhlana
had been seen in tlie neighborhood but
���there was no information about their
number or.tho road they had followed.
The lieutenant had decided to continue the reconnaissance when the
enonij- was. sighted; in considerable
number?. Fie ordered his men, therefore, to rejoin the regiment as rapidly
and, as secretly as possible, but they
were discovered. The section gained
the wood under the lire of the enemy,
but without losinga; single man. They
wereNthen deployed;at'.great intervals,
and took any shelter they could find.
���.When the enemy; approached '-'it-'-'-.was
"found to"number"6,000 or 7,000.. The
lieutenant encouraged his 'men by going from .one to the other and order-,
ed them to" husband' their ammunition,
If,the. enemy charged the wood the
little party would have'-been annihilated,- biit it was evidently deceived
by the.way:in-which the fire was--managed.; The tiny .force kept its.ground
until midnight."At that"moment only
ISw.ere in 'a condition^ to continue the
���fight. The lieutenant.addressed his
men:
"M.esenfants, we must leavo at" any
,ct.st. Cease lire.and get on the road.
Perhaps we cau get away in the d irk,
as the.Germans will not dare'to. venture into the wood."
Before this retirement tho Germans
feared an'ambush and .-.hesitated-to advance. Iu that way tho little pany
got away, and at dawn reached their
regiment, vhevo the colonel embraced
them.
How   Did   She   Know?
Tlie young man carefully removed
tho cigars from his vest pocket and
placed them on the piano. Then he
oper.ed his arms.
But the young girl did not ilnIter to
them.
"You," Hhe said co'.dly. "luive loved
before."���Chicago Herald.
An Irish agricultural-journal advertises a new washing .machine undor
ihe heading: "Kvory man his own
washerwoman." The same paper, In
its culinary department, says that "Potatoes should bo boiled In cold water."
ju>.-.' worse's
izadxai*   Root
F3Ms
arc just the right nu-dicin? for the
children. Whnti they arc constipatrd
���whin thuir kidneys-are out of order
������when over-indulgence in some
favorite food gives them inirJi^cr.Lion
.���Dr. Morw's Indian Root I'UIs will
quickly ar.d surely put them right.
Purely v'.'f,r-rnb!r*. they neither sicken,
wc.i ken or (.ripe, like harsh purgative*.
Giir-rd your' diikiren'3 health by
always kecpii--; a box of Dr. Morse's
Indian Root li.'.r> ia the house, They ��,
Khop   the*   CJ��lX����r����   "V7elJ UltOjH tid 4L������Uli{kM*Uukbll  THK.   SUN.    C/RAND  FORK'S.  ake the Liver  Nine limes in ten when the liver is right tne  otomach and bowels axe right.  CARTER'S UTTLE  LIVER PILLS '  (gently but firmly com-  jpel a lazy liver to  (do its duty  ���������  Cures Con-  olipatioh,  lindiges  Ition,  Sick _ _- ������������������������������������  Headache/and Distress after Eating.  | Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine inust bear Signature  Cars 'Required   In   Storing   Potatoes  Potatoes should be thoroughly dry  and should be stored in a cool, well  ventilated cellar or storeroom which'  is' perfectly dark.    Do  not  pile the  potatoes  in  heaps on   the    floor- or  against the wall; slats should be nailed     about one inc^ apart and four  inches from tho wall;    a temporary  floor should hi? laid about four inches  above the'permanent floor, with openings between the boards. This will allow-the air to circulate through the  pile.   Large piles should have ventilators  running through    them.    These  should be made of wood, with slats on  two sides for openings.  Tho tcniperaturo of the collar or  storehouse should bo kept as nearly  as possible at from 38 to cl5 degrees.  The cooler potatoes are kept without  freezing, the belter. If too warm, their  value for seed Is lessened;' as they  sprout too early.���������J. P., in Conscrva  tion.   ���������  ; Soup pjoblasM solved.  Clark doea the worrying and the work���������'  ondTmsures aatlafao  tkm.  |   Order an casortswat.  ^CHATEAU   ������  Cft_B'  *0t������CftKT������U7tJ  ^OUP^  Minard's  Liniment Cures Diphtheria,  Tobacco and the Army  There was a time when the sender  of tobacco  to the troops would not  liavo received the thanks of tho authorities at.the war office.   Such charity would   never   have clone for the  Duke.   In 1845, for instance, Wellington issued tho order, "The commanu-  or-in-chief has ' been   informed    that  the practice of smoking has become  prevalent among the officers of the  army, which    is not only in itself a  species of intoxication occasioned by  the fumes of tobacco, but undoubtedly  occasions  drinking    and  tippling by  thoso who acquire the habit,. and he  entreats the officers commanding regiments to prevent smoking   in   the  messrooms and -to officers   of junior  rank in the regiments."   Today, oven  the Lancet applauds "practice  the pipe!  is the indirect cause of much  winter sickness���������it allows chills,  invites colds and sickness.  Nourishment alone makes blood-  not drugs orliquors���������-and the nourishing food in Scott'o Emulsion charges  summer blood with winter richness  and increases the red corpuscles.  Ilo Cad Liver Oil .warms  tho body, fortifies the lungs,  and alleviates rheumatic  tendencies.  YOUR DRUGGIST HAS IT.'  14-45        SHUN SUBSTITUTES.  Bus-ism  with  I"--  Though we have some-'  I what advanced prices  because ot the increas-  eefcost and scarcity of  raw material the usual  high standard of our  quality wilt be maintained.  Another Nebula Coming  The latest frcrn the skies .is that  there is a big nebula coming in the  direction of the earth-at the rate of  one hundred miles a second. If "that  nebula strikes us it will be-like a ton  of coal falling on a gnat. It will oyer,  whelm us and annihilate us." Its speed  is more than three billion miles a  year. "  One might think at that rate it-  might soon reach.us, but it never will.  It will veer off into endless space.long  beforo it would strike tho earth. Cut  think of the distance and its coming  one hundred miles a second and never  getting here, it is so far off. This fact  gives ono. an idea of the bigness of the  universe and Iho littleness' of the  earth, and to lead one in the ways  of modesty and simplicity, where selfishness and unkindness are never  tolerated and the rule of purity, honor  aud duly becomes the law of gravitation.���������-Ohio State 'Journal.  Lighting Up Old  Forge^  The French government has placed  an order for 3,500,000 horseshoes with  Scottish Iron and Steel Company,  Coatbridge,   Scotland.  One of tho works acquired hy the  company, that of tho Coatbridge Iron  Works, held an exclusive patent for  Great. Britain for the manufacture of  horseshoes by mechanical means, and  at one period did an enormous ��������� business.  Competition from Germany proved  too strong and the making of .the  shoes had to ho stopped two years  ago. Theso work3 were entirely stopped. Now .that this order by the  French government has been secured  the_ works will be re-opened.  Another factory in the town is working-overtime in making.barbed wire.  ���������London Chronicle.  No man; or woman should hobble  painfully about because of corns when  so certain a relief is at hand as  Holloway's  Corn Cure.  AEROPLANE    HAS.   AIDED   ALLIES  Have as Good Aircraft and as Ussfu  as Germans  Published reports that French aero  planes are never    seen    above    the  French lines while many machines of  the enemy are constantly reconnoiter-  ingover the heads of the French soldiers,  has, brought  forth  a  defensive  official explanation of the operations  [ of the French aviation service.  This report sets forth that French  aviators are operating not only in  ���������Gorman lines, but cousideraby to the  rear ol'\them. Tho names of aviators  aro never mentioned officially, but  their exploits have been none the less  numerous and brilliant.       .-"*���������*'  Nolo books found on dead Germans,  Uio statement sets forth, prove that  tho French aviation- force is performing its duty. .Ono instance of the  effectiveness of tho corps is found in  the throwing of one bomb which killed thirty men and fifty horses of the  enemy at a time when a certain detachment of cavalry was ���������assembling.  Many other instances of efficient wonc  are given. In conclusion the statement says that this new arm of the  service has fulfilled successfully the  promise rnado for it, but that it will  never replace any weapon now in use.  Clean Stomach, Clean Mind,���������The  stomach is tho workshop of the vital  functions and when it gets out of order the whole system clogs iu sympathy. The- spirits flag," the mind  droops and work becomes impossible.  The first care should be to restore  healthful action or the stomach and  the best preparation for that purpose  is Parmslee's Vegetable Pills. General  use for years has won them a leading  place in medicine. A trial will attest  their value.  FIRES    AND    FOREST    FERTILITY  Won Fame on its Merits.���������The unbounded popularity that Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil enjoys is not attributable  l~> any elaborate advertising, for it  has not been so advertised, but is entirely due to the merits of this Oil  as a medicine. In every city, town  and hamlet in thd country it is  sought after solely because of its  good finalities.  An American, railroad has^adopted  the suggestion brought    forward    by  ono of its   engineers; that engine inspectors bo given magnifying glasses,  in   order  that    they  may  be   more  readily detect such damage and imperfections on axles and wheels    as  flaws and cracks. ..In this is seen the  practical valuo    of    the    safety-first  campaign,    in "that ' the   suggestion  came from an employee, and it is to  be rioted that the company suitably  rewarded him by presenting him with  an "honor button," and granting him  a month's leave of absence with pay'.  A Rise in Corn  Always follows the use of Putnam's  Corn Extractor,- which cures all kinds  of Corns in 24 hours, without pain.  Putnam's gives the best results. Use  it.  Destruction  of the Timber Only Part  of   the   Immense'   Damage  Done    ���������  -  Experts state that forest soils have  lost and are losing much fertility owing to forest fires which, doing apparently little immediate damage, rob tho  soil of accumulations"? of   humus.   In  many sections'land is "being cleared  for  farming  and,   Avhere  such  forest  land has xot been'burned, there is a  large percentage of vegetable matter  which provides'5 considerable fertility  and a good texture.   Moreover, as this  soil has a greater capacity to absorb  and retain moisture, it is less likely to  be washed and gullied  under heavy  rains.   For these reasons, in addition  to- the  damage lo  standing    timber,  authorities   agree   that    wood   lands  should be'.very carefully safeguarded  against fire.  Just a. little "Old Dutch"  quickly takes away every  particle of grease and dirt���������,  leaves utensils clean and  bright.  Equally effective on wooden-  ^vare and cutlery.    No kind  of   uncleanlines3   can   with-  ' stand its magic cleaning qualities.  Try  it  clean.  on  hard   things   to  CHILDHOOD CONSTIPATION  , ������?^LS������.VERY C������MTORTABLE AND  &.AUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  JSL.O.WS  ������������oothiwg Syrup '  PURELY VEGETABLE-WOT NARCOTIC  3 3 ������������������������������������:?  If 70U fool 'OUT Of SORTS' 'BUN DOWN' 'UOT the BLU2S'  a'jrrXK from kidnky, bladdkk. nekvous oiseasks,  CHRONIC WEAKNESS.ULCKRS.SKt.N ������RUlTIONS.P!I.ES.  wrlta for FREE CLOTH BuUND MEDICAL HOOK OK  ���������ttiese diseases and wonderful CURES effected br  THE NSW FRENCH REMEDY, rt���������1 N������2 rt,3  THERAPION^Klft  Iharamsdrfor VOUR OWN ailment. Absolutely FS?g������  Md'followup circulars. No obligations. Dr.I.eCi.kkC  MKD.CO.UAVKKSTOCKRD,IlAMl'!i<EAD l.ONDOr'.KNa   ���������  ���������VZ WAN!'  TO tROVC TIIERAPIOM WILL, CUKK V������lJ.  ^'PATENTS,  ^eatherstonbaugh & Co., head office,  King street east, Toronto, Canada.  "J hope," said the kind lady, as she  Sanded the tramp a penny, "you'll not  squander   this  on  vile  liquor."  "Don't you be alarmed, ma'am. I  always drink the best."  Minard's Liniment Cures Diste  mper.  -Do    ao you  talk in  your  Doctor-  jleep?    :  Patient���������No; I talk in othgr people's  I'm a clergyman.  Protracted Defensive Fighting  That success waits on the one who  undertakes the offensive has been recognized many times in accomplishments of a peaceful nature, and that  the same rule. holds good in war, is  illustrated in the recent operations of  the armies in Europe. It has been  generally conceded that real success  in war results' '"only from offensive  operations;   . :' -r  ' It'is'true that in order to gain "time  to.' complete������������������: tlie 'mobilisation of    its  troops, .or.-for other reasons, a nation  in  danger    of Invasion    by a -more  powerful or better prepared neighbor  may bo competed'..to assume a defensive attitude.   Its highly disciplined, ^aml    efficient    armies    skilfully  handled, may   be   able to inflict tremendous losses on the'invader by. repeatedly compelling him to attack and  carry strong defensive positions, previously prepared, in order to continue  lib advance into  the defender's territory. The" defenders, by a succession  of well timed and orderly retreats to  selected positions in    the   rear, may  i-ccced in drawing their more aggressive opponents into a position where  all the advantages, strategic and taci-  cal, wiirtlien   be on the side of   the  defenders.   All this, however, will result in little or no advantage to the  defenders unlesr    they are prepared  and  willing promptly to assume the  offensive  at  the psychological moment, and thus turn the tables on the  weakened enemy and drive him out of  the country.  A protracted defence is dangerous.  Recent events show that a skilful  commander can play it successfully  against tbe best armies the world has  ever seen. We are not yet in position  to count tlie cost or to predict the  ultimate results. At date of writing  tho counter offensive is meeting with  success. This is in accord -with the  rules of. the game.  Mistook the Craft  IT.' G. Wells, "the novelist, tells of  a deaf old fisherman who was out in  a rowing boat one day when a motor  boat near him sprang a leak and immediately sank.  Its occupants shouted, but the old  man sat puffing at his pipe and paid  no attention: Finally they managed  to swim to his boat and clambered  aboard.  One of them yelled indignantly at  liim:*.- "Confound you! Why didn't  you lend a hand? Didn't you see we  were sinking?"  "Lor' bless yer," he gasped in reply,  "I. saw yer right enough,, but I  thought you was one of them submarines."  jood  "Gentlemenris not one man as  as another?"  "Of course, he is," shouted the Irish  chartist, "and a great deal better."  I     Baby's Own Tablets are au absolute  I cure for childhood constipation.   They  never fail to regulate the bowels and  sweeten the stomach, and unlike castor oil, ��������� their action is mild and thej'  are  pleasant'   to    take.     Concerning  them Mrs. G, Morgan, Huntsville, Ont.  says:  "My baby was greatly troubled  with  constipation and colic  till 1 began giving  iter  Baby's  Own  Tablets.  The Tablets are surely the best remedy I know of for little ones as they  Quickly-banished nil signs olVconstipa-  tion arid colic.    I would use no other  medicine for baby."   The Tablets are  sold by medicine dealers or by mail  at 25 cents a box from Tho Dr. Will  iams' Medicine Co., Brockvillc, Out.  He Migtit Have  Two Irishmen,  bent    on    robbery,'  held up a passing Scotchman.   After  a long, tierce . fight,    in which    the  Scotchman almost had  the better of  it, they succeeded in conquering him.  A  thorough   search   of    Iiis    clothes  disclosed ono lone five  cent piece.  "Troth, Pat," said Mike, disgustedly, "if he'd had tin cents instead of a  nickel he'd have murthercrt the two of  us."  In Blisters. Itched and Burned  Badly, Had to Put Glove's.On  Child's Hands. Cuticura Soap  and Cuticura Ointment Healed..  10 Abbott Ave, Toronto, Ont.-���������"My  boy had eczema badly all over, but Ida  head was very bad and_>vas afflicted most.  "^ 16 camo out in blisters and it  ivas a sight to look at. 16  itched and burnod so. badly  that I had to put gloves on tho  child's hands. Jt'camo out  first on his faco near tho cars,  then went to his bead ami Uion  on Ids body. His head was  like a fish it was so bad.  " I used , also  Wire Fencing and Trees  Occasional! j', in running, wire  fences, it is necessary to attach the  wires to trees. In doing so, it is bad  practice to use staples to attach the  wire directly to the tree, thus ensuring that the wire will become over  grown and imbedded in the wood.  Not only is the tree thereby ruined or  injured but, "further, it is impossible  to remove the fencing without cutting  either the wire or the tree.  A better way, protecting both the  tree and the fence, in first to nr.il to  the tree a strip of wood about, four  inches wide and one inch thick, of a  length to suit the height of the fence.  Tho wire fence can then be stapled  to this strip This will secure the  fence and will not interfere with Hie  tree growth.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  Tramp���������-'If you'll gimme . a meal,  mum, I'll promise to turn over a new  leaf.  Mrs. Sitbbubs���������Never mind about a  new leaf, take the rake and turn over  those old leaves on the lawn. Then  remember that one good turn deserves  another, and keep on till you get them  into a pile.  "Why don't you brush your hair?"  asked a-man of the boy with tho  frowsy head.  "Ain't got no brush."  "Why don't you use your father's  brush?"  "ITc has no brush."  "No brush? Why hasn't lie a brush?"  "Ain't  got no hair."  DOCTOR   KNEW  Hzd Tried It Himself  A Handy Man '  A. woman in the country recently  advertised in the local papers for a  "Handy man."  "What I want," she said to the first  applicant, "is a man that will do odd  jobs about the house, run errands,  one that never answers back and is  always ready to do what I want."  "Ah," said the applicant, as lie  turned away, "it's a husband you're  loolung for, ma'am."  W. N. U. 1029  Alberta Farm Products  According to figures prepared by  the provincial department of agriculture the value of farm products of Alberta will exceed 505,000,000 this year  as r.gainst $58,000,000 In 1913.  and others, and notliing did  hini any good. 1 gavo them  up and tried Cuticura Soap  _ and Ointment. I used throo  cakes of Cuticura Soap and two bosea of  Cuticura Ointment and at tho end of sis  ���������weeks ho was ontlrely cured.'! (Signed)  Mrs. Carroll, Jan. 1, 1914.  Samples Free by Mail  For pimples and blacldioads tho following-  is a most effective and economical treatment:  Ccntlysmcar tho affected parts with Cuticura,  Olulment, on tho ond of tho finger, but do not  rub.  Wash off tho Cuticura Ointment in fl vo  minutes irith Cuticura Soap and hot wator  and continue bathing for somo minutes. This  treatment la best on rising and retiring.   Afc  other times tiso Cuticura Soap frcoly for tho  toilet and bath, to assist In provont-lng inflammation, Irritation and clogging of tho pores.  Sold by druggists and dealers throughout  tho world.    Liboral samplo of each mailed  frco, with 32-p. SIdn Book.   Addross postcard'! Cuticura, Dopt. D, Uoston, U. 3, A,*:  Austria  Punished I  When Austria so arrogantly made'  her demands upon Servia, late in July,  the world regarded her as a great  power wrongfully attempting to coerce  <t weaker nation. She w;is confident,  of course, of her ability to compel  Servia to her way of thinking, irrespective of tbe rights of the eas'". She  thought slie could repeat the coup by  which she obtained possession of Bosnia and Herzegovina a few years beforo.  Now she is stricken to the point of  exhaustion.   A correspondent at Roma  sends a graphic description of tiie disaster that has overtaken her. Vienna  Is literally a great hospital. Hat-rucks,  school  houses,  t.'.catres.  offices,    the  museum and the rotunda of the famous  Prater Park  aro all iu  use  for  tho care of the v, ouiided.   Cholera and  dysentery, the former in mild but the  i latter in fatal form, have invaded the  ��������� city.    The public is beginning to miners land the failure of the campaign.  There are no evidences of "patriotic  jkassion,   sympathy  or    enthusiasm."  The empire is on the ragged etlge of  catastrophe.   Its dissolution would be  the natural outcome of its latest and  most disastrous military experiment..  ���������Providence Jotirnal.  Tho doctor who has tried Postum  knows that it i.s an easy, certain, and  pleasant way out'of the tea or coffeo  habit and all of the ails following.  The patient of an Eastern physician  says:  ���������'.During the summer just past I su������-  fored terribly with a heavy feeling at  tho pit of my stomach and dizzy feelings in my iiead and then a blindness  would conic over my eyes so 1 would  have to sit down. I would get so nervous I could hardly control my feelings.'' (The effects on (.lie system of  tea and coffee drinking are very siml-  each   contain   the  Young man, I hope you never smoke  cigarettes.  Only de  mild  ouch  never tried tie kind  me   .Ma  uso.i,  '���������'i  smokes.  l;tr,   because   thej  drug, caffeine).  "Filially f spoke to our fiimily physi-  'ciiui about it and lie asked if I drank  much coffee and .mother told him that  I  did.    He  told  mo  to    immediately  stop drinking coffee and drink I'oHtum  in its place as he and his family had  used po.Htum and found it a powerful  relniilder and delicious food-drink.  "I  hesitated   lor  it   time,   disliking  - j the idea of bavin,'.; to give up my eof-  ���������' fee, but finally  I  got, a. package and  found it Lo be all the doctor said.  "Since drinking Posluiu in place of  coffeo my dizziness, blindness and  nervousness are all gone, my bowels  are regular and 1 am again well and  strong. That ia a short statement of  what Postum has dono for me."  Name given  by    Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor. Ont.    Read "The Road  to Wellville," In pkgs.  Postum comes in two form*:  Regular     Postum���������must     In  boiled.   ],r������o and 2iic packages.  Instant Postum���������Is a soluble powder.  A teaspoonful dissolves rpiickly in a  cup of hot water and, with cream and  sugar, makofi a delicious beverago  instantly,   :i0c and fiOc tins.  The coat per cup of both  kinds  Ifl  about the same.  ���������There's) a  Reason" for PosttunL  ���������sold br nrocem  well THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   B. 0.  SUBSCRIPTION BATES !        ���������    .  0������e Xeat ������1.50  One Year (In advance) .......... ..:...... 1.00  One Year, in United States  1.50  Address all communications to  Thb Gba.no Pokks Sun.  I'honb R74  " Grand Fo&ks, B.C  FRIDAT, JANUARY 15,  1915  Nearly all the ratepayers who have  ventured an opinion on the subject,  have expressed themselves as .well  satisfied with the record of last  year's council. There is a reason  for this. It .accomplished a great  deal of permanent improvements at  a minimum cost, and the cowmen  dation has heen earned. The council for the present year is practically  the same as the one which has just  relinquished office, and the citizens  e>in therefore rest assurred that the  business of the city has been placed  in competent hands  Wl      /tf^iAKI^UrtSMtM  The controversy maintained   in   the  ������ty($mmmxkBmn newspaper3 b; correbpoil(J(Jnts i8  G.  A.   EVANS, EDITOR AND  PUBLISHER keen     but     the-  fa(jt    Jg  ,,ntnhle  I ., J  that it is carried on by writers with  unmistable German names on the'  one hand and by native Americans,  on the other. As an example of the  nature of the discussion we print  he following letter, written by Robert Flaherty, which appeared in a  recent issue, of the New York  Herald: "' y  "In 1S73 Sir Lambton Lorraine,  commanding the British gunboat  Niobe, at Kingston, Jamaica, heard  of the shooting of a part of the crew  of the Virginius at Santiago, Cuba,  by order of the Spanish governor-  general, and that the rest of the  crew was to be shot on the following  morning. Sir Lambton,at lull speed  went to Santiago. He doubled  shotted his guns, cleared his decks  and sent word to the captain-general  of Cuba that he wanted those  Americans alive or he would batter  down the town. They were delivered  at once. When Sir Lambton Was  asked by what authority he acted,  he answered, 'By the laws of God  and humanity.' )f)  "In the present day t the German  government is starving the people  of Belgium and the United States is  trying to feed them. ' Why can not  our president follow the precedent  of Sir Lambton Lorraine?"  Don't wait, too long  to  .     have that  There should   be   no   unpleasant  diplomatic frction   between   Great  "Britain and the United  States  over  the   American   protest,  unless it is  caused by   newspapers that  should  he   muszled  and people who gloat,  at   a   safe  vantage, over seeing hu  man blood^spilled.    Insist on international   arbitration,   and   -let  the  diplomats settle this question. They  have been  entrusted   with office to  do this.  There have been no startling de  Vilopments in the European war  since our last issue, although the  allies have made some gains. The  most portentious event of the week  wast he despatching >f an ultimatum  by Italy to Turkey, demanding an  apology and the saluting of the  Italian flag for the assault on the  Italian consul at Hodeida.' The ul  timatum expired last Sunday without Turkey having made a satisfactory reply, and the Itaiian fleet  sailed under sealed orders.  The world should be proud of  Wood row Wilson, president of the  United States. He loves peace and  good will towaids all men, and recently, mainly through his efforts, the  red hand of Mars has been kopt away  from the starry flajj;. Huw different  to Roosevelt. That'mortal chunk of  the flesh and the devil, for his own  aggrandizement, would laugh at the  crash of empires and wallow in the  blood of men, mingled with the tears  of women and children. It is well for  America that Teddy can no longer  touch the button that makes the  wheels go.round.���������Greenwood Ledge.  The people of the United States  are divided in their opinions as to  the duty of their country in respect  of the European war, but, the propaganda of the Herr Professors not  withstanding, there is no doubt as  to   the   trend   of  their sympathies. ' man   and   the   bo >t man too.    Some  A Confession  After a pleasant and stormy career  of twenty years, during which time I  have managed and mismanaged about  that numbar of 'country newspapers,  I am forced to the confession that I  know less about running one than any  of the 3,987,463,221 subscribers who  have from time to tune been on my  circulation lists.  No person who has ever read one  of my newspapers but has been frank  to admit that he could do just as well  himself and a darn site better. From  time to time some of the more ardent  ones have, even-pushed me off the  tripod and proceeded to sway the  destinies of mankind themselves, with  one .hand full of scissors, the other  full of paste and a head full of nothing. Goodness knows I have been  "shown" often enough so that I ought  to know how to run a newspaper by  this time.    But! don't.  What 1 do know is this: "If you  want a newspaper run to suit you���������  run it yourself." The only person I  have been able to please has been  myself, and sometimes I have fell  down even on that.  However, I am going to take an  other chance on it. If I can succeed  in pleasing one person I think I shall  be making some progress, even though  that person be myself. There is a  whole lot of fun running a country,  newspaper, if you look at it in the  right way. An editor is always quite  afeilow in his little community. He  is sought after by the bankers, the  bakers, the butchers, the grocers, the  gas   man, the wood man,  the freight  reset.   Your diamond set  while you wait.  We have a  nice line of  mounts in stock now  A. D, MORRISON tt^^OT^  times he is even popular among the  women. I had a laundry queen chasing me onco for several weeks, She  had all her plumed knights out searching for me, but they didn't find me.  I was built for lit^ht road work."     '  In celebrating my return to Revel-  stoke the banquet board was spread  for one and the beetle browed individual who brought me my ham sandwich made a very dignified address  before jetting go the- plate. I was so  touched by his words of welcome that  I gave him the fifteen cents and we  parted friends.  I'am going to stay here in Revel-  stoke and run this paper until' some  one conies along who can run it better' than I can. That will not'be  long, as the" Review has a gigantic circulation.���������W H. Bohannan in Revel-  stoke Review.   "     ���������        '  Has a large supply of FEED AND FLOUR on  hand at RIGHT PRICES.  Flour from $2.50 to $4.00 per, 100 pounds.  Satisfaction guaranteed. .   .;      .,  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET; GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  :OUR, ACID "STOMACHS,  CASES OS INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's-Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. -No indigestion,  lieailLura, sourness or belching ol  gas, aci.l, or eructations of-undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating,' foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for Its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach renr  edy.'in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end ��������� to stomach  trouble forever Vy getting a largo  fifty-cent case .of Pape's- Diapepsin  from any drug store. \You realize in  five minutes how needless it Is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  sures- and most harmless stomach  doctor in the.'world.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local nonteniporaries.  It 13 a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no .indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  The Sun, at SI a year,-is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or- to  hold those we already have.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and.district first.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  WHITE WYANDOTTES  the meat breed that lays  !   persistently.  YEARLING HENS  FOll SALE.  S, G.R.I. RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  E.E.W- MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  -GLOUCESTER  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  from F. E. Shantz' Office, Bridge Street  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  nPi-ishable freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  SouoiteP for travellers, THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait C  oai h,  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  ofkiok, r������o ��������������������������� First Street  Hansen's Hkbidence.R38 l������01 ������������������������',���������,  The apple packing school is to be  held early in February, and there  are still several vacancies on Ihe  application form Those wishing to  take this course will hand in their  names and the government fee of  S2 to Walter"E   Hadden. r?l"  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady ��������� It!in-  creases day by day and year bj' year,  until it!exerts an irresistible   power."  THE  IRECTORY  (Published Annually)  linai'les traders  throughout  the, world   to  communicate direct with English  'MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Resides beinjj h complete commercial guide to London and'its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS   ���������  with the Goods they ship, and the .Colonial  and Foreign "Markets they.supply;'  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TKA1JK NOVICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be f.ir-  warded, ..freight paid, oh receipt of Postal  Order for $5. ;>  Deulers seeking Agencies' can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTOR CO., LTD.  25. Abohuroh Lane, London. E.C:  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS &$&  gulating Pill for Women. $5 a box or three for  $10. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt of price. The Scobbli. Ditua  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.  PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN. $g*������3  Vitality; for Nerve and Brain; increases "grey  matter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. $3 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail onrecelpt  of prlce.iBTnB ScobellDruo Co., St. Catharines.  Ontario.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern-Rigs .and Good  Horses at All Hours  at"  the  odel Livery Barn  Burns 8 O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Y THE GOOD  E PRODUCTS  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, 0. C.  Geo. E. Massie  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. C.  They are usually best  and .most' satisfactory  in the end.  Boundary's Best  ^iOTUL BEEB  ���������a home product of  real merit. Get a  a case today and try it  now.   Ask-'for it.  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY -  Yale Barber Shop  Kazor Honlne a Specialty.  N<J  mm  P. A, Z,  PARE,  Proprietor  . Yale Hotel, First Street.  riartlnriullen  All Kinds of Dray ing ;*  I.'.     l/rr"iTl''ii������im\������i���������<*' |.���������|-|||^^'1^-^"^-���������^-���������Ja^t',-  Our Classlflod Want Ado. set  right down to th<t point at Ihuiv  If you want something say so In  a few woll chosen words. Tho  Intolllffont reador likes that kind  of 8tralght-from-tho-shouldor.  talk and that Is ono reason why  condensed Wont Ai**. aro so product! va of tho boat kind of  results. Whether buying or sell-  Ins they will help you.  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The MannDrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R' 18  Grand   Forts Transfer  PHONE 129  Sole Agents for  Teaming of All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage at All  Trains.  Mclntyre 8 Mclnnis, Proprietors  <-ll  ?a  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.    It is  the brightest paper in the Boundary cou atry THE   SUN,   GBAND   FORKS,   B. C.  ���������;More:.,   yvon by  tics Than  saults  ,**>-  by \. As=  c_/Lpply thxp to business  and see what it. means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuttful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go^ with long intervals in betwaen.  For   an   advertiser   with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling ' efforts   now  is   to,  make conditions  -worse for:  himself,   and is   no sign  of  that courage which is supposed    to   possess    eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody ^in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  in and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  The oran  orks  3E  The general meeting of the Farmers' Institute, held in tbe board of  trade ��������� rooms last Saturday, was  largely attended and a great deal of  important business   was transacted  A lengthy communication regard-  garding the demonstration station,  from J. C. Ready, wan received and  read. Mr. Ready showed tbe results of sciautific   rotation of  crops.  The secretary announced that the  second prnning school would start  on January 11, a full class having  been secured. ,  The institute ha= decided to  par  ticipate    n   the   government   crop  competitions   in  oats   and potatoes  this year.    Prizes to the amount  of  $75 are offered.  The members of the institute pro  pose to. combine and send out  for their seeds this year. By this  means they hope to make a considerable saving.  , The nexi general meeting of the  institute will, be held in the board  of trade rooms on Saturday evening,  January 23, at.7:30 o'clock. Everybody is invited to attend.  MINING RECORDS  Britain some time; but h������ .was afraid  it would not be until lie became too  old to go to the front.  : Gunn made many friends in his  short stay in Rossland, and by an odd  coincidence found former Shetland  island friends of many years ago in  Mr. and Mrs Thomas Stout. He was  supplied with a Red Cross outfit and  left for Vancouver, eager to wear the  kilts and eager to -again reach the  battlefront to do his duty.  "0 CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVEB AND BOWELS  Cure   Sick    Headache,   Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy  Cathartic.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  aches, how miserable you are from  constipation, Indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always get  relief with Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; vtake the excess bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste -matter and poison  from the intestines and bowels. A  10-cent box from your druggist will  keep" your liver and bowels clean;  stomach sweet and head clear for  months. ��������� -They "work while you sleep.  The weekly market will be held  in ' the cannery building tomorrow  forenoon.  -   The Sun only costs SI a year,  prints all the news  ��������� Ernest Harrison reports the following entries at the"mining recorder's  -office from November 9 to January 9,  inclusive.  LOCATIONS.  Hipower, Double Two, Franklin  camp, T. Newby.  ' Cosycorner,   Christina    lake,   Leo  Mader.  Young Boy fraction, Welcher  Mountain, Morrell and Lindholm.  CERTIFICATES OF WORK.  No^. "21'fractibn,- No. 16, Summit  camp, F. M  Kerby.  Gladstone,' Wellington camp, J. J.  B assett.  May, Midnight, Long Willie fraction, Wellington  camp, J. J. Bassett.  TRANSFERS.  Gem, Daisy fraction, 'Franklin  camp, all, C. Campbell to J. C. McLaren.  Silver Horde fraction. Cache D'Or  fraction, one-third each, A. J Fee to  J. A. Stewart.  Duplex' fraction, Eureka' fraction,  one third each, P. H. Donaldson and  A. J. Fee to J. A. Stewart.  NOTICES OF WORK.  Jumbo, to cover it, Iuka, Hartford,  Last Chance and Protector, Leo Neff.  I'y/^A  GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  AmericauSilk  American Cashmere  American Cotton-Lisle  HOSIERY  They have stood the tost. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Never becomes loo^e or bagny. The shape is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for iinutiess, style,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  gtainless. Will wear 6 months without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL O  to every owsendiiiir us S1.00 in currency  or postiil note, to cover adverti.-inir and  shipping expensps, we will send post-paid,  with written guarantee, hacked by a live  million dollar company, ei her  3 PAIRS OF OUR 75C.    ALUE  American SilK Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cnshniere Hosiery,  OH 4 PAIRS OFOUR 50C. VALUE  American Coitou-Lisle Hosiery,  OR   6 PAIRS OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, size.and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires   when  a dealer in your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  P.  O.   BOX  244  DAYTON, OHIO, U. S. A.  The more money a man hiis the  less he worries about what people  think of him.  A   good   converpionnlipt   lets    up  occasionally.  A True Patriot  A notable example of true patriotism has been shown by Robert Gunn,  of Spokane, whose letters applying for  a place in the Rossland contingents  have been printed in. these columns,  says the Rossland Miner. Mr. Gunn  came to Rossland on Thursday last  from Spokane. Lieut. Murdock Mackenzie immediately wired to Vancouver, and received a quick reply offering Gunn a place fD the famons  Seaforth Highland regiment. He left  on Wednesday and Will don the |kilts  as a member of the Highland contingent now prepared to leave for the  front.  Mr. Gunn is a fine sample of a man  and a soldier. Standing fully six feet  in height and weighing 195 pounds,  he is a splendid figure, and ono^that  inspires admiration as a soldier of his  country. He served through the  South African campaign with the  Fifth Canadian Mounted Rifles, and  since then has served the Uui'ed  States in the Philippines aud Mexico.  Being a. native of the Shetland islands,  Gunn felt the call to serve his country  from the start, but was prevented by  circumstances. His fine spirit, however, was indicated in his declaration  in Rossland that he knew war^had to  come   between   Germany ������and Greet  Say a 600D Word  It Is wise to say a good  word for yourself or your  business, whether your  stock in trade be merchandise or labor, Want  Ads. are the most direct  line of communication  to the best buyers.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING.  Furniture.   Made  to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  KAVANAGH &  McClTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENDB  A Clean-Cut  Argument  9  In your favor is good printing. -It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  8  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  !  5   i  mmmmiimmammiiX^*eyKt������ /  f������ Km c^Js^rr ;vjw*<m****������- **������t *r������acs*Mft������������i  ���������THE'    SUN'-.    ttttAND    FORKS,    ������. ������/  .'/>  B^  PIMPLES FOR THREE YEARS  Marvellous Kam-Itnk Curo  >,lr. Willo.nl F. Allen, o������ 258 Pleasant  5:*., J Uilifsj:, N.S., writes: "Up to a  y:;ir ago my face was a mass of  jiiinpias, which, besides being extremely embarrassing, caused me a  good deal of patii. 1 used all kinds of  tonics and salvos, also remedies prc-  sciibcd by my physician. Tlicse were  of very little benefit to hie. My face  would clear somewhat at times, and I  wwuld think that I was on the road to  a permanent curc,vand then the trouble  would return and tho pimples and  BO'ies do worse than ever.-' Tills condign oi' ��������� ���������affairs, continued lor about  threa yours.  "One day I happened to seo an  account of a remarkable euro of  eczema by %am-I)uk; so I thought I  would try 'Zam-Enk also/ I sent for a  - box. and tho results wore so very pleasing th-'it I procured a larger supply. I  perv-'-ercd with Zam-Buk for threo  mouths,' and at the end of that period  my face was cleared of all unsightly  ���������simples.  "I attribute my'recovery solely, to"  tho use of Zam-Buk, as I did not use  any, other remedy during the time I  was using it. As my case was of long  standing and very obstinate, I con-  eider my cure a wonderful triumph for-;  Zam-Buk. and would heartily recommend it to anyone afflicted as I was."  If you are suffering embarrassment  and pain from pimples, boils, eczema,  ulcers^, running sores,, or any skin  travhic, you too should apply Zam-Buk.  At all druggists and stores, 50c. bos,  3 boxes $1.25, or-(postpaid -from Zam-  Buk Co., Toronto; on receipt of price.  Refuse substitutes. Send this advertisement, name of paper, and lc. stamp  tor lite trial box.  PUNISHMENT  OF  COWARDICE  Meant Death or Everlasting Disgrace  in  German  Army  Punishment for cowardice in the  German army at the time of the Thirty Years' war was so severo as to be  ferocious. In the year 1C42 tho Swedish General Torstensson. stormed  Leipzig. A force under the command  of the Grand JJuke Leopold gavo him  battle before the gates of the city, but  during tho engagement tho ' Madlon-  issho regimeut became suddenly  panic stricken aij^l fled.  Punishment immediately followed.  When tho regiment had again assembled, six other regiments surrounded it, and tried it by court martial in the open field. The verdict was  that tho colonel- and--tho captains  should dlo by the .sword, and' that  every tenth man among tho non-commissioned officers and men should bo  hanged.  The stern voriliet was carried out to  the letter, except that at tho request  of Leopold the men wore shot instead  of hanged; Col. Georgo Madlonische  whs beheaded, after he had sought in  vain for a pardon. . Tho survivors  were consigned to quarters with other  commands'; and the regiment.never re-  gained its.name or former prestige. In  those days,' there was no alternative  but to--be bravo.������ Cowardice" meant  either deaih "or everlasting disgrace.  WAR  NEWS' FOR SETTLERSi  Ottawa Keeps Remote Parts Informed  by Wireless Stations  If the few settlers on Magdalen Is;  lands want to get the latest war news  they must go to church on Sunday.  There are two wireless stations on the  islands and to these stations the department of naval service sends the  chief items of the war for the week  every Saturday night and this news  bulletin is putHip outsiue the church  door on Sunday morning. From no  other source do the settlers learn ,of  tho progress of the war  AWFUL ACHE OF LUMBAGO  RUBBED AWAY FOR ALL TIME  Horrali ,f No More Suffering  ���������Every Ache Goes Quick  RUB     ON ' * NERVILINE  Lumbago is a peculiar sort of rheumatic trouble that affects the muscles  - ,---���������.��������� _   about, the Joins and back.    At times  But tho people on the Magdalen Is-  its aSony is. intense.    Severe spasms  German Blood in America  In tho last ninety years    7,000,000  Gorman's have been added to the popu-s  lation of the United States.   Of these  more  than 6,000,000 came from Germany, the balance from Austria, Eastern Russia,    Bohemia    and    Eastern  Switzerland.     Reckoned     biologically  ���������the stream of American blood is one-  quarter, a racial infusion Nequal to the  total -contribution of Spain and Portugal to South America.���������Grand Rapids  tress.  "The cheapness ot Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator puts it within  reach of all, .and it can be got at ������fhy  druggist's."  The use of Miller's Worm Powders  Insures healthy children so far as the  ailments attributable to worms are  concerned. A high mortality among  children is traceable to worms. These  sap the strength of infants so that  they are unable to maintain the battle  for life and succumb to weakness.  This preparation gives promise of  health and keeps it. s  As a result of the agricultural survey of the commission of conservation  it has-been found ��������� that in a number  of cases too many horses are kept to  be profitable, while tlie number of cat-  "tle kept per hundred acres is seldom  up to the capacity of the farms.  Minard's  Liniment Cures  Cows.  Garget in  The feelings of the. coal heaver in  the following- story, as given in Titbits, had sufficient cause to he ruffled: ' .      -  "Liza," he expostulated; "don't I always tell you I won't 'ave the kids  bringin' in the coals from the shed Th-  my best 'at?"  "Oh, just 'ave sense," replied the  wife. "You've'spoiled the shape of  that 'at already, and what can a. little  hextra coal dust do to 'arm yer 'at?".  'You don't see the point," protested  the husband, with dignity. "I only  wears that 'at in the hevenin's; and,  t, while I'm hout,- I takes it for my  'ead, it leaves a'blooinin' black band  roHficl my forehead. Wot's the consequences? Why, I" gits - accused of  washin' my face with my 'at on, and  it ain't nice, Liza!    It ain't nice!"  lands-aro not the only folk who are  cared for in this way by the department. To. the two wireless stations in  Hudson Bay, Le Pas and Port Nelson,  news is sont from Ottawa by wireless  also to ten remote places on the North  Pacific coast where there are ten  wireless stations giving out war bulletins at regular intervals and to outlying points on the great lakes. When  the war broke out in August the naval  department deomed it'wiso to dismantle seven of the ten wireless stations  on tho Pacific coast and the two in  the Gulf of St. Lawrence for obvious  reasons, but these have now boon put  into operation again; much to the delight of'the settlers near the stations,  for they now learn all that: is of outstanding, significance and interest in  the war.  of pain shoot ^in all directions, and  become more sovere on stooping.  In treating Lumbago or stitch in  the back, it is necessary to keep  warmly covered to prevent a sudden  chill. Attend' to this, and then apply  Nerviline freely.  Almost instantly you feel its warm  soothing action. ; Right through the  cords and muscles tho healing power  of Nerviline penetrates.  Quick as a wink you feel tlie stiffness lessening. You' realize that a  powerful   pain-sub.duing    remedy    is  curing tho pain, is easing your distress, Is making you well, agin.  Nerviline quickly cures backache  and lumbago because it has tho.  strength, the poAver and penetrating  force possessed. by no other known  reomdy. Its amazing curative action  is duo to certain extracts and Juices  of rare herbs and roots, combined by  a secret process, and forming a truly  medical marvel.  Any sort of aches In the muscles  and joints Nerviline will euro quickly.  It" eats tho pain right up���������relieves  stiffness," restores tho muscles! to  their wonted elasticity and vigor.  It's the' quickest thing imaginabl*  for rheumatism, sciatica or neuralgia  As for rarache, toothacho, spralni  or strains, nothing can excel good ol '  Nerviline. ...  Got the large 50  cent family sL    -  bottle, It's tho most economical; trial  size,   25   cents. " All   dealers  or   the   ���������  Catarrhozone- Co.," Kingston, Canada.  .  ST. VITUS DANCE  Submarine Mine Pleased the Khalifa  ��������� Mr. Winston Churchill had experience with submarine mines in the  Sudan campaigns in 1898.  As the British troops approached  Omdurman ..the Khalifa Abdullah  conceived  the Idea  of upsetting the  Napoleon Bonaparte? In his later  days at -St. .Helena gavo out tho following: "The English character in  superior lo ours. They are. in everything moro'- pratical than we ara.  They emigrate, they marry, they kill  themsolves, with less "indecision than  .on  on  calp  Skin Dried and Cracked and Hair Fell  Out���������Cured by  Dr. Chase's  Ointment.  Eczema is annoying and distresses  at any time, but doubly so when it  gets into the scalp and causes the  hair to fall out. Here is a.grateful  letter from a lady who was cured by  using Dr. Chase's Ointment.  Mrs.   Hector    Currie,    Tobermory,  Auother Severe Case Cured Through ihe  Use of Dr.,Williams' Pink Pills  St. Vitus dance is a common form  of nervous trouble, which affects not  only  young  children  but    men   and  women as well.- The only cure lies in  plenty    of pure blood, because good  blood Is the life of the nerves.    Dr.  Williams'  Pink Pills  cure  the  most  sovere cases" -of St. Vitus dance, because   they  actually  mako. the -rich,  red blood that feeds-and restores the  starving, shattered nerves.   This has  been-vproved  in hundreds    of  cases,  among them that of Mrs. John Duncan, London, Out., who says: "About a  year ago I found  myself    becoming  very nervous.   At the outset I did not  pay much attention to it as I thought  the trouble would pass away. In this  I was disappointed, for I soon found  myself  rapidly growing  worse.    My  right arm and. leg began to jerk and  twitch all the-lime, even when.I was  in bed, and I found great difficulty in  walking or doing any work.   Finally  the trouble affected my speech and it  was with difficulty I made myself understood.   Of course I was doctoring  for the  trouble, but was not    being  helped, and finally the doctor wanted  me  to go. to  the. hospital  for  treatment.   This I did not care to do, and  it was at this stage that I decided to  try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.   By the  time  I had   used  four    boxes  I  felt  much better, and in a short time, longer I was quite well and strong.    My  neighbors look upon my cure as quite  British gunboat expedition by mining j we display in going to the opera,  the Nile. A former officer of the.' They are also braver than we aro. Ni  Egyptian army whom he had long \ think, they are to us what we are to  held prisoner was ordered by the i tho' Russians, what tho Russians are  Khalifa to-��������� construct a couple of to the Germans, what the Germans  mines,    which   were produced  forth-1 are to the  Italians.    Had I had  an  English army I should have conquered  tho universe, for I could have gon&  all over tho world without demoralizing my troops. Had I been in 1815  the choice of the English, as I was of-  tiie French, I inight have lost the  battle vof Waterloo without losing a  vote- in the legislature or a soldier  from my- ranks. I should have won  the "game."  with.  They were primitive in form, consisting, in fact, of two old iron boilers stuffed ' with gunpowder, in  'which was concealed a pistol with a  sprl_g attached to tlie trigger, whereby the charge could,be exploded. The  first mine was laid' by the Ismailia,  worked by a "native crew, and demonstrated its efficiency by exploding on the instant, sinking the Ismailia and killing the crew, including the mino constructor. ���������    i.Lvciioggs Asuima Kemeuy proved tlie  The Khalifa was delighted, not at f only relief for one grateful user, and  After 10 Years ^f Asthma Dr.,J. D.  ������ Kellogg's Asthma' Remedy proved ilia  the accident, but at the testimony to  the power of the invention, and immediately ordered the emir in charge  of his arsenal ��������� to "lay the second mine.  The emir, profiting by experience,  ensured his safety by putting the  Nile into the boiler before he put the  boiler into tlie Nile. He then carried-out the immersion successfully,  to the joy of Abdullah, who loaded  him with "presents and  praises."  "Do you know that that bulldog of  yours killed, my wife's little harmless  iffectionate poodle?"  "Well,  what are  you going  to do  'about it?"  "Would you be offended if I should  ireseut him with a nice brass collar?''  Ont., writes;   "I was cured ofa dis  agreeable  skin  disease  of  the scalp I wonderful, and indeed I think it is,  by using Dr. Chase's Ointment.   The | and shall always be grateful for-what  "John-Henry," said  his  wife, with  tony 'serenity.   "I   saw   you. coming  ,ut of a saloon this afternoon."  "Well, madam," replied the obdurate John, "you wouldn't have me stay  8n there all day, would you?"  Always Keep Them  in The House  That's what Mr. II. J. Eastwood,  of Carlctou Place, Ont., says about  Gin Pills.  "I  liavc-talcen Gin .Pills and find  them,  pood fur pain in the Joints, Swollen Hands  and Ankles,and all symptoms of Kidney and  Bladder Trouble.     We always keep them  lit the house.  FOR THE JBB. KIDNEYS  U If you are feeling badly, perhaps  jj it is your Kidneys or madder that  is causing the trouble. If there is  pain over tin: Bladder���������if the urine  is hot aiul scalding���������too free or  roanly--if the urine shows brick  dust deposits or mucus���������if there is  CL'i'.-.tiut pain iu the back��������� restless  sleep .'iiul loss of appetite���������then  yon certainly need Gin Pills. Get  tln.-!;i to-dr.y and feel better tomorrow.  Gin I'iils are sold by all dealers  :tt f.Oc. a  box, 0 boxes  for S2.C0.'  Free trial treatment if you write  National  Drug and  Chemical Co.  of Canada, Limited, Toronto  trouble started with itching and pain  in the scalp, the skin would get dry  and crack, and at times would bleeu,  and the hair would fall out. I tried  three doctors without benefit, and suffered for three years. Reading in the  almanac about D:. Chase's Ointment,  I began its use, and am now completely cured. The hair has grown  again,' and I am as well as I ever was.  -You are at liberty.to use this letter,  for I am glad to recomemnd so excellent a treatment."  Dr. Chase's  Ointment has no rival  as a cure for Itching skin disease.  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills did for me."  These Pills are sold by all medicine  dealers or can be had by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for $2.50 by  writing The Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  MUST  STICK  TO GERMAN   NAMES  W. N. U. 1029  Aliens' Discarded Nomenclature Will  Have to Stand as Before  War .  - All Germans and Austrians in the  old country who have been in a hurry  to change their names to British must  revert to their discarded names. A  new order in council published in a  supplement to the London Gazette  says:  "An alien -enemy shall not, after October 12, 1914, for any purpose assume  or use, or purport to assume or use,  or continue the assumption or use, of  any name other than that by which he  was ordinarily known at the date of  the commencement of the war."  It is further provided than an alien  enemy will be committing a breach of  this order if he carries on, or he is  member of partnership or firm under any other name than that under  which such trade or business was carried, on at the beginning of tho war.  Nearly 500 changes of name have  been made by deed poll since August  1st.  By a proclamation in the same issue  all insurance business with an enemy  is prohibited. No new policy- (includ-  iug reinsurance) may bo entered into  with or for tho benefit of an enemy;  nor may anyone accept or give effect  to any Insurance made with or for  the benefit of an enemy before the  outbreak of the war.  Insurance transactions with an enemy's branch in British Allied or neu.  tral territory shall be considered as  transactions by or with an enemy.  Astronomers report the safe return  of Encke's Comet, which has jus.t  been located in the constellation of  Persesus by a Russian astronomer in  the Crimea. This comet was due to  appear in 1908, but to the bewilderment of the astronomical World two  comets turned up in the predicted  .place within a few weeks of each  other. A subseciue" Uiematical investigation ideuli fee second of  these two as the genuine Encke, but  the suggestion was put forth that the  other comet was, perhaps, a bit of the  Encke comet, which had been broken  off as the result of a collision with  some unseen body in the depths of  space. If all goes well the comet  should be visible to the naked' eye  about Christmas.  Miiiard's Liniment Co..-Limited."  - Gentlemen.���������I have used MINARD'S LINIMENT -on my vessel and  in my family for years, and for the  every day ills and accidents of life I  consider it has no equal.  I would not.start on a voyage without it, if it cost a dollar.a bottle.   ��������� ������������������  '   CAPT. F. R. DESJARDINy   .  Scar. "Storke," St. Andre,       >  . Kamoura'ska.  Those Foolish Postal Clerks  First She���������The clerk at the post office said tho letter was overweight and  I   would  have  to put  another' stamp  o::  it.    Wasn't ho silly?"  Second   She���������-Why,  dear?  First She���������Wouldn't another stamp  make it still    heavier?--- Pliiliidelphiu  Ledger. ���������  One of the host paradoxes in the  lOnglsh language is that imulo by Arte"  ums Ward, wh������n I lie humorist said:  '���������J'in bound to live within my means  If I h:i?o to borrow money to do it."  ������10O REWXfcD, S1C9 ".  The readere of this paper win ?xs  pleased to learn that there In at least  ana. dreaded disease that science- has  been able to cure in all Its stages and  that Is Catarrh. Hall's. Catarrh Curo la  the only positive cure now known to  the medical fraternity. C������Uarrh belmr a  constitutional disean*: requiresa eon't*  tutlonal  treatment.    Hall'a Catarrh Cu-a  ,th-tahfon���������flI1^r1?8lIy' actJnff direc��������� "Pon  the   blood   ar>d   mucous   surfaces  of   th������  !Ef���������teSV &?*$* destI0J''ns the founda?  tlon of the dlseaso and giving the nat-  h��������� Sone^ngth ?>;,bu"d'njr up the constUu.  t!on and assisting nature In dolnr its  rVa?J'h' ,���������T1}f Pn>J"1������tors have so much  faith in Its curatlvo powera that th^v  ?������e.r .?"��������� Hundred Dollars for any caaa  UmonlaS!"8 l������ ������Ure' Send tor ��������������������������� & tS*  Address F J. CHENEY A, CO To.  iedo. O. So d by all Drum-lain 7j������  Tak.  Hall'.  Family   PiU- "^'wnsJS-  Canada's Devotion  Our fleet lias justified its reputation as the best in the world; our  army has raised its repute very considerably; our airmen have extorted  the surprised admiration of the enemy  himself. But the most grievous blow  of, all to the hopes of our opponents  has been the incontrovertible proofs  given by colony after colony of their  enthusiastic devotion to the empire.  Of that devotion these Canadian  troops'-are the xevy practical embodiment so far as Canada is concerned.  ���������London Daily News.  this is hut one cure among many. Little .wonder that it has now become  the ''one recognized^ remedy on tha  market, it has earned its fame by  its novcr failing effectiveness. It i3  earning it today, as it has done for  years. It is the greatest asthma  specific within the reach of suffering  humanity.  "English mutton chops," read the  man with the menu. "German fried  potatoes, Russian caviar, French peas.  Hum! Waiter, I want to be strictly  neutral." ;     ���������   .'-... -���������','"������������������"'  "Yes, sir."  "Gimme a Spanish omelet."���������Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  Morals of Nations  "International morality" is a term  born of tho present war. It is plain  that it will have to be the" corner  stone of the world peace. The relations among nations are just .as subject to folly and sin as those between  individuals.  Somehow a different idea has become supreme���������that a nation can do a  thing, that Would be..wrong for an individual to do. That cannot be so. A.  wrong is a wrong, high up or-low  down, and whoever is guilty of it must  suffer for tho wrong, sometime, somehow. .:Some of tlie suffering. is going.  on over in Europe now. '*������������������"'...  If the European war impresses the  lesson that "international morality"  must be the law. of this earth,.and that  it shall be recognized in all.national  treaties,' the war will bring a blessing  to air future generations. If ft-isn't,  there is, of course, much, sorrow yet in'  store for mankind.-���������Ohio, State Journal." '  Sister���������I'm'Writing a composition  on dogs.' Can you toll mc anything  about them?  Small Brother���������Well,    there's   one  thing about dogs every one'ought to:  know, ancl that is fleas.  I  LOSSES, SURELY PREVENTED  1)7   Cutter's   Blacklea  Pilll.    row-  priced, freah. reUnble; preferred br  Western atoefcmen because they pro-  toot    where    othor    vaccinas   fall.  Writ* for booklet nnd testimonials.  10-dose pkge. Blaoklas Plllt $1.09  50-doao p!:ge. Blaokleo Pilll   4.09  Cat any Injector, but Cutter'i bait.   .  Th������ luperiority of Cutter products Is due to oyer \S  jean of specializing la vaccines and lerumi only.  Tnillt on Cutter's.    If unobtainable, order direct.  THE  CUTTER   LABORATORY.  Berkeley,  California,-  Old Style  Way  "EasyFcrinS  Way jp^fe  Teacher���������A train leaves London travelling thirty miles an hour. It is fob,  lowed thirty minutes later by a train-  travelling  sixty  miles  an  hour.    At|  what point will the second train- run  into the first?  Jjoy������������������ At the hind end., of the. rear  car.  lYrsnxt  Hots ho^T simple tills 13 compared to complicated old-slyla  moalg TThcre a btninner coulrln't even find the rlgnt kef.  Well in One Evening  niorc"tnystcrioti3, difficult notes to learn  before you can play the piano or organ.   No  more spending of  years in study  and practice.  Why?   JJccause nmslcI1a3n01v.bc.cn simplified (9  hat  anybody who can read printed  letters  .-B-C-D-E-F-G���������can read the. new, "  so t  ���������A-  I'orni" music at 0  glance, nut! tlie key-board I  guide which is placed in back of the key-board  .'Rasyl  Poked out of a newspaper:    "The1  procession  at Judge  Orion's funeral |  was very fine and nearly two miles in  length, as was the beautiful prayer of||  tho Rev. Dr. Swing of Chicago."        |  sUovrs you where to put the fingers of both bauds'on the right keys every time.  No chance for failure���������anyocc can learn  quickly.    Young children and old people leara to  play in a few hours, nnd amaze niid delight their friends.  You can test and provo thla method without payinpr ua a cent.   Just send the ronpen.   Complete instructions, I  Keyboard puldo, nnd 100 pieces selected ancred, popular and danco "Easy Form" music will be mailed to you. |  lest it and enjoy it for aeven days���������then cither return itond owe nothing-, or keep it and eond us J1.C0 do  and $1.00 per month until a total of JG.C0 in all U paid.  ������������������ ���������*  ������������������ m kui mat  tm wm   mm na su  com mm  mm mm mm   ���������������  ��������� ���������*���������  ma ma  mm ma  wm  ������������������������ m  FRFRTrial Crn.nnn     EASY METHOD MUSIC COMPANY  r B\SUSU   1 nal  OOlipOn 52 Wilson Bide., Toronto, Ont.. Canada  PIe33o sand tho "Easy Form Music Method" nnd 100 pieces of music for 7-day frco trial as per terms of this I  advertisement. ��������� ��������� .  Number of Sceys on piano or organ ? Do you play old-style not* mu3lc ?.,  Name ; Address   Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Duslaiid.V.'lnd  quickly relieved by Muring  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  SclvcinTubc������25c. ForBookoIUaeEycfreeask  Pmggists ot Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicago  FARMERS  Can afwaya mako sure of getting tho highest prices for WHEAT, OAT������,  BARLEY and FLAX, by shipping their car lots to FORT WILLIAM  AND PORT ARTHUR and having them sold on commission by  THOMPSON   SONS   AND   COMPANY,  THE WELL-KNOWN   FARMERS' AGENTS.  ADDRESS   701-703   Y.f   GRAIN   EXCHANGE, WINNIPEG.  *iwnwg������������..n )������������������ '. ���������              ��������� ��������� ������ i.i  f  -<  ft  m  I  1  if  I  H  I]  'f  I  /> JjU^f-tAti^riJMj.)  talE    SUN,    GRAISTT)    FORKS,    B.C.  QUANTITY AND QUALITY OF THE BRITISH AR'MY  German Paper Endeavors to Convince  its Readers  that Great  . Britain is' Unable to Raise an Army of any Strength���������  .   May Modify Their Opinion  When tho Frankfurter Zeitung  handles the subject of recruiting in  England it is well worth reading, tor  this paper is what Palinerston U3ed to  call a good fooloraeter, and lets us  know very accurately what the ordinary German thinks. <  Jt is no doubt most encouraging to  German opinion to bo told that all our  recruiting is a blutf; that we have  only 600,000 recruits; that the million  of which I-lerr ltepmgton wrote is a  fiction of the imagination; that we  cannot improvise a held army���������and so  on and so on. These things will  eootho many sorrowful Germans In a  gloomy autumn, and we have "no reason whatever to deprive these' poor  people of anything that they can invent for themselves-iu the way of con-  eolation. .'  ' ��������� But at the same time there is no  particular reason why we should allow  the rest of the world to harbor thess  silly illusions. 'Wo have in organized  form, in the British Isles at the present  moment, not 600,000 men, but exactly  double this number, namely 1,200,000  men, and the number grows almost  faster than we can cope with it. At  the same time the stream of men  from the British Dominions and depend' ucies begins to How in. The  first-100,000.aro already with us, and  from all corners of Jtlio empire thero  has begun, and there will continue to  come in so long as the war lasts, a  steady stream oil drafts to maiutain  tho strength of "units in the Held, and  of fresh units to increase the numbers of tho divisions at the front.  The gentle Germans told Mr. Krug-  er that we oould only place 70,000. men  in tho field, and Oom Paul was so little  versed in the habits and customs of  bur people as to believe his mentors.  When we produce:!, seven or eight  times" as many troops as the German  estimate, the credit .of the Nachrich-  teir Bureau went down to zero at Pretoria. Why should we be unabie to  impiovise' armies when we have so  recently-done n? The Germans'are  perfectly right in one sense only to  tabulate upon what exists. Wo can begin to fight only with what we possess in organized form, trained, officered, and armed, and if it is a question'-of a six weeks' war it is pretty  . bad for us.  nut this is only.a beginning' 1L is  our way, -as well as America's, tc begin to raise our armies after war has  broken out, and to go on raising them  until our .ultimate end:, are achieved.  That is wi.at wc are doing now, and  the l,20o,000 men at home, the'-army  in the field, a_d the hundreds" Ji  thousands of men who are formed or  forming iu' India, Canada, Australia,  New Zealand, South Africa, aud elsewhere are -'inereiy the rimlous upon'  which other armies will eventually be  built up. It is not a question of practicability, but only of-'.time. It stands  to reason that an empire of -100 millions of people can never lr.vk men,  and it also stands to reason tlu-i the,  first' man who realized the vast .resources of-the. British empire anl  knew how to convert" ^hem into terms  of war powex' was ��������� likely to make a  name for himself and incidentally'to  create an army which would, in the  end, confirm our imperial position,  and bring confusion upon the king's  enemies.  This war/for us, has hardly begun.  We have sent- the point of-our ad-  vancedguard into'France, to skirmish  with theenemy. In the .spring the rest  of the advanced guard will.follow, and  somewhere towards the close of 1915  the main body will begin '- to come  within view. We are not in any.hurry. 'We are sorry, of course, for our  allies, that we are even slower than  Russia in--making our. weight felt, but  they can." at least feel happy when  they expect a rest, we shall.be iu a  position to make good war on our own  account. If the nemy wins successes  in the interval so much the better for  him;'but.nothing can arrest the steadily ascending figures of our armies,  and their cost is of little account since  CAVE   LIFE  AT  THE   FRONT  Germany will ultimately have to pay  ���������in territory as w^ll as in money, because the cost of war to the Allies  cannot be met in cash by a Germany  beaten to her knees.  Let us take t'-e thing at its worst,  and imagine'tho penultimate CossacK  on the Urals and tho last French door-  keeper evicted from Bordeaux. Then  we begin a maritime war agak.st Germany, and arc no worse off than when  wo' began, it against Napoleon, anl  when he had nearly all Europen under  ���������his heel. But we are not there yet,  and unless Germany can do much  better than she has done hitherto, our  Allies will keep tho Held ��������� and will  continue to exerciso the came constant and increasing pressure on land  that we already exercise at sea.  The Frankfurter Zeitung should not  worry. We know quite well that wc  have, as our first-duty, to maintain at  its-full strength the point of our'advanced guard in France, and that it  takes time to train cadres, and to turn  out the guns, arms, and ammunition  for the vast numbers which we intend  to place in the field. That is why we  have to declare a moratorium of a,  year or so before we pay back Germany in her own coin, but the debt  Las to be paid, and will bo paid, because the credit of the empire is involved in it. We are not compelled,  like Germany,'to thiave 25'per cent, of  all balances In our banks, and then  scream out that a national loan has  been successful. The heresies that  Germany adopts in matters of finance  only grieve us because there will be  less German cash at the. peace, and  so, compulsorily, more German territory to bo divided up to pay for tlie  war.  'What we, perhaps none of us, quite  realized before this war' broke out,  was that it was not .ordinary and  could not end in an ordinary way.  The power which' Germany has developed, her soaring ambitions, and the  brutality with which she has waged  war, have shown all the Allies that  Germany aims at the hegemony of not  only Europe, biu the world. All the  values of things now change, the  values of money and of lives, and  there is not one citizen of the Allied-  Powers who does :.ot count death in  this war to be a glorious and honorable end, and victory to be worth any  sacrifice in the world There was  never, in any war, such complete unanimity as ' hat now seen in the Allied  r;.nks.  No! Our numbers are not a bluff,  but a very grim reality, as the Frankfurter Zeitung will one day learn lo its  cost. Our men believe that this war  concerns them all, and so they all  come forward voluntarily to take their  part.in it." So . .any were they that  Lord Kitchener had to raise the  st������nu'ard far above any existing in  Europe or he would have been positively overwhelmed. All our men are  volunteers, fighters, and tryers, and  the material���������including the moral and  the" nhysical���������exceeds anything that  has been known in England before.  It is a national war, and as we get  all classes now it is easy to find the  right' material, for the cadres, while  the men work with a will and are  spoiling for a fight. In the Dominions  and India the same conditions prevail. :    .,''���������'������������������:"  Air our men are of a military age,  and we have no troops to show of the  Lands'turm type, now so common. in  the German armies. ��������� We shall bring  forward neither children nor grey-  1'sards, and we shall not allow ourselves to be diverted from our purpose by any reverses, however severe.  Ir this preat war our Dominions, over,  sea have come to manhood, and seek  to establish their claim for recognition, each for his own. Dominion, and  all for ��������� all. It will go hard on Germany thvt this is so, for she has  made these young nations her enemies  and never again within the memory of  living man will her misdeeds be' forgotten in the wide Dominions of the  king. - - ''  GERMANS    ESTABLISH     SCHOOLS  Conficlnntial   Memorandum of Kaiser's  Foreign Office Reveals Efforts to  Extend Germanism  According to j. memorandum on the  German school system, issued by the  German foreign ol'tice as a secret ami  confidential paper to consuls, it is  tilated that "Germanizing" efforts are  most flourishing in Belgium at.d Itou-  nmnia. Of the latter country it sayj  the effect of the schools is everywhere  apparent iu the widespread- use of the  German language and the steady increase of German  influences.  Siii.ihir hopes n\. entertained in regard to South America. There are  six hundred German schools in Brazil,  it says. In Chili, "tlie government and  the people arc well disponed toward  thcvGermau schools."  In Argentine, It aay.-u, Iho state of  affairs is not wholly satisfactory to  tbe German foreign office," and the  work of spreading Germanism so far  haa hatflittle spirit in those parts of  the country, whe.'o patriotic and national feeling it; making itself manifest. "The people prefer, it iiecins, o  be Argentines; rather than bo Germanized," the report declares.  -. Capturing Trade  The extent to which the subject of  ways and means for capturing tho  trade heretofore enjoyed by Germany  is occupying the ..itention .of British  interests and tho space of British  newspapers must excite admiration  from any source, no matter how partisan. We referred two months ago to  this fact, noting it as a matter of vital  in teres-, to all parties enga^jd in war,  and to neutr.' nations as well that  Great Britain apparently was directing as much energy towards the main,  tenance and the expansion of her  trade as toward the prosecution of tho  war. ^  At "a time whci. the war ��������� .is but a  few weeks old, i. was scarcely a matter for astonishment that -Britain  should be turning her energies toward trade problems to, SJlQb, W. extent. But how,' with the war old, at  least, in point of field operations,  sieges, devastation and destruction, it  cani.ot but arouse astonished admiration to find the British public at home  and in the colonies working steadfastly and with no dimlmiation of ardor to  take advantage o? the trade opportunities afforded by Germany's subnler-  nio" in war.���������Financial American.  Soldiers  Living  Uke  Rabbits  on the  Field .of Battle  An Interesting description of cave  life at tho front is given by Private  S. Harris of the West Kent Regiment.  He states:  "We have been living the lifo of  rabbits, for we burrowed ourselves  in trenches at ���������, and here wo remained for over fifty hours. Jt was  an exciting and not unpleasant experience.  "Tlie bursting o" shells overhead  was eoniinuoio, and it became monotonous. To tlie youngster it was an  awful experience In the earlier stages,  but even he became so accustomed to  the roar overhead that ho raised a  cheer each time shrapnel burst, making such romarks as 'There's another  rocket, Joh-i.'  "When we werj not digging out  recesses wc sat dewn to spin yarns.  Nico lazy life you will say, but not so  1 leasant when a shell bursts directly  over your head. To kill time we  played banker with cigarette cards,  and discussed tlie prospects of our  favorite football teams.  ''Wo were discussing the merits of  players when one chap, who made a  bet that Meredith was a Welshman  and joined Manchester City in 189G,  was struck with a bullet in the knee.-  'I shan't play on Christmas Day for  Maidstone United.'  "When you write please send me  some cigarettes, as I owe a chum  twenty packets, and find out thoda<.e  of Meredith joining Manchester City,  so that I can settle tlie bet.  "We are a, light-hearted lot, and so-  are our officers. We dug out for  them .a kind of subterranean -mess-  room, where they took' their meals:  One fellow decorated it with a few  cijarette cards and some^ pictures he  cut out of a F"ench paper. The-r  grub was 'not exactly what they  would get at tbe Cecil.  ���������"A jollier arid kinder lot of officers  you would not meet m a day's march.  One officer who was well stockeu  with' ciga- ettes divided them among  his men, and we were able to repay  him for his kindness by digging him  out from his mess room.  "A number of uhells toro up the  turf, and the roof and sides'collapsed  like a castle built of cardJ, burying  him and two others. They were in a  nice pickle, but we got them out safe  and sound.  "During the time we "were in those  trenches nearly 500 shells burst over  and around us, but our protection  was so good that not a single chap  was killed and less than a dozen,were  wounded. When we got into the open  air once more and stretched our legs,  it was then we realized what wo had  been subjected to, for tlie ground was  literally strewn with exploded shells.  ��������� "If all goes well we are going to  have a football match tomorrow, as  I have selected a team from our lot  to play the Borderers, who are always  swanking what they can do."  The "Cultured" Germans  "The sights I have aeen would  make' a saint savage against these  German beasts)" writes an English  man at the front.  In thi knapsack of one German  soldier that we captured���������he came  to us begging for l'ooa���������we found to  our horror a little child's hand. In. two  minutes after that, of- course, he was  a dead man. The lieutenant shot  him himself, and the German shriek-  '<-' with fear wiien we 'showed him  his .lestial trophy.  We came another time on the body  of a poor old woman stripped bare  and wantoniy mnti.ated In a horrible  way. What possible motive for such  a deed could the Germans have?. 1  uiive seen the mutilated 'jodies of  young girls lying ou the ro.-dside, and  \ i naked bodies o������ boys impaled on  hedge-stakes.  ."Once we came upon a drunken  orgy ' J! Germans in a village, to their  utter surprise. We', could do nothing  for the wretchs'i women, who had  baeu brought together in "a sort of  shed or open stable in the village  hcreet. Directly we opened fire German cavalry came from all directions.  ���������-.;<.��������� 7 uaa apparently been getting  ready -for an early start. But I think-  w.e avenged these weeping, tortured  women before we dashed on.  Five ^seconds later our road would  have been barred, for a great' tree-  trunk fell into the piace behind us as  we cleared the viLage. The picture of  that shed as "our headlight snone full  upon it, for at most six seconds, is  etched upon my brain.  There were straggling/gasping wo-,  men, with only tattered remnants cf  clothing, boisterous cavalrymen cutting the flesh of one poor girl with  their whir.s, while others were forcing  a handsome, dishevelled woman to  drink from a can, and several men  standing with Uieir arms bound behind them, forced to look oi. at the  frightful spectacle. Wo must have  seemed to those brutal German blackguards  a  thunderbolt  from  luaven."  Not Shot, But Kicked  On the lighter side of the picture is  the following anecdote, which is current, though its absolute truth is not  vouched for:  On a recent occasion a British cavalry subaltern who was cut off from  his men, hid in the edge of a wood by  a road. It was not long before he  saw an unsuspecting armed German  soldier patrolling the road. I-Io could  have shot tho man without warning,  but felt that it \vpuld be ajkjn to murder to kill him lrTcold blood. In order to instil a little of tho spirit of  combat into the affair, therefore, he  crept out of cover, ran up behind  the "Bosch," as our allies would call  him, and gave him a ferocious kick.  Instead of showing fight the startled  ami pained German gave a yell and  ran for dear lifo, leaving the subaltern  lausuiug too hard to shoot.  ���������"������ y  i  INTIMIDATIONS DID NOT MAKE HIM TURN TRAITOR  The Theory and Practice of Modern Warfare as Followed by the  Germans is Explained to a French Captive���������Prophecy  of a Victorious Entry into Nancy was not Fulfilled  A special correspondent, sends Uio  following letter from France, in whicli  is described how a' French prisoner  saw the luiser in tne field.  Opposite me :s a man who has'seeu  the kaiser���������retreat. ���������Ho is a lieutenant of artillery, and he was ;aken prisoner by tho Germans in the early  part of the battle on the plateau of  Nancy.  During the last few days of August  the German army, which had crossed  into Franco from Lorraine, advanced  en Nancy and attempted to storm  that part of the plateau in front of  tho stronghold. The French force was  greatly inferior in numbers In the  early stages of tne fighting, -but had  some batteries of the'much dreaded  75'a. On the slope immediately facing tbe German advance guard a  large number' of old cannon, now almost obsolete, wore placed as a blind,  while the deadly lighter guns. pounded away from a hidden position iu the  rear. , ���������  ���������' -  The enemy were completely deceived, and for fifteen hours bombarded  the useless pieces, from which only a  few shots were fired. -My travelling  companion was one of a small detachment in charge of the old guns.  While recennoitaring some distance  down the slope ho was surprised by a  German scouting party, and taken  prisoner.  Du.'ing the evening the Germans,  thinking that tho batteries they had  been sh.cl.iug. all .qay were silenced,  attempted a cavalry charge. The  French gunners , in the rear waited  until they were, .bout S00 yards distant, and the order was then passed  along tho line, "At 750 yarJs���������Fire!"  Nothing., coulo. be seen in the dim  light, but the on-rush slackened.  A minute or two passed, and then  the order was giv^n, "At 600 yards--  by batteries���������Fire1/' This time the  horsemen were perceptibly stopped,  and on a patch of ground lit up by  the moon could be seen masses heap-  ��������������������������� \\\ s.oc! here and there a riderless  horse rising to its-,feet and dashing  away. For th . res: of the night there  was complete quiet.  Monn while my informant was    led  ���������  o tb   rear of the Germaniines,  and was closely questioned regarding  ���������'.ho French positions.   He refused to  say a word, and was thereupon threatened with death.  "I am a prisoner of war," he said,  "and you may not shoot me."  "You may understand the theory ot  war," replied the German staff officer, "but you evidently don't realize  that it is qui to different from the  practice."  lie persistently declined lo give his  captors any information which might  b'e useful to them, and was thereupon,  searched and placed in a lent to sleop  with a guard at the entrance. Next  morning lie was given no breakfast,  but at midday he received something  to eat, and was led to the headquarters of the genmal staff."  ��������� Here he again refused to answer  any questions, but it was hinted to  him that he would bo given ono more  chance before sentence was passed on  him. While oeing taken back to his  tent between guards he was jeered at  insulted by the soldiers. At ona  point a number of German officers  with field glass were looking -at a  hill, some distaucc away, on which,  could be seen a large force of cav-  airy.  ��������� "See," said one of the officers. "I  will show you something magnificent.  You .will be the first Frenchman to  have seen tho Kaise'r since tho' war  began."  Tho prisoner took the proffered  field glass and saw that the horsemen were in parade order, ana that In  front of them was a group of officers,,  most of whom wo'*e medals.  "Now," said the owner of the field-  glasses, "look a little to the right."  Tho French lieutenant did so, and  saw a solitary figure on a knoll of  ground watching intently die fight in  the distance.  "That is he," said the German officer. "Now if you like you can stay  here and see us enter Nancy."  But tho Germans did not enter  Xancy. In the early hours of the  morning the reinforcements for which  the defenders were waiting had been  sent, and an hour afterwards the  whole- of tho attacking force retired.  Turning round, the prisoner saw that  the brilliant cavalry in parade order  were charging���������with their backs to  Xancy. The solitary figure to tha  right was no longer there.  PASSING OF THE FORTS  Modern   Guns   Readily   Reduce   Fortified   Cities  Formerly fortified cities were an  important feature for national defense, but the modern gunmaker has  apparently radically changed, conditions. Permanent fortifications consist of def -nsive works constructed by  a nation to secure permanent possession of strategical positions of importance within the territory under its  control. These would generally include national capitals, great commercial and railway centres, harbors,  important bridges and .mountain  passes, great concentration camps aua  depots of supplies.  Many European cities are really  large forts surrounded by one or more  lines of smaller detached forts located at strategic points some distrnca,  varying from five to fifteen miles,  from the walls of the-city. Paris, Bel-  fort, Strassburg or some of the niany  examples of this type. Other cities,  like Liege,- are surrounded by one or  more lines of de-...ched forts, while the  city itself Is practically open or unfortified.  Earth embankments, stone and concrete walls and dteel shields'and turrets enter into the construction of the  modern permanent fortifications. They  are built in times of peace, armed  with the latest type of heavy guns,  and are supposed to embody the best  thoughts of the strategic and of the  military engineer.  Our text books tell us that "a position protected by permanent fortifications and properiy garrisoned should  yield only after a protected siege."  This was quite true yesterday, but today the gvnmaker is turning out a  new portable howitzer of wonderful  power, which, if wc can trust the contents of recent war bulletins, is sounding the death knell of the permanent  fortifications  of   . odern   times.  [jOiil boforc the advent of the 11-  Inch howitzer  a number of military j  writers ex; ressed   strong   doubts   of  the value of permanent fortifications  as applied to  large  cities  and  great  camps.   They argued, and cited many I  Instances  in support tnat a fortified  city does not prevent an invasio-i of!  thi     national   territory  by  a  .-strong;  force sufficiei t to invest the l'ortiriedj  place and Immobilize its defenders���������j  compelling them to capitv.Wne within a .  comparatively  short time���������-while    lie  proceeds     'uh   tli-   main   operations  with the bulk of his troops.  llussia has demonstrated that .she ia  not the Russia of tht-Uapanosfi war.  Her soldiers fought well even then,  fjiit her"generals, were either timid or  inefficient. But the battle of the Vistula has proved ;lu-.t RuksIuii gcueraln  naving retreated can advance. .More  than this, tlie mr.nr.er"in which, troops  have been moved, concentrated, sent  north and .soulh to the decisive poiur,  proves that Hussimi high cnninuiud is  skilful and po.s;-;e^.ses nece.-.'-ary resources-���������New York Sun.  NOT   READY  TILL  SPRING  Amor.g This 1,000,000 Are 200,000 Old  Soldiers���������Weakly Men Weeded  The bulk of Lord Kitchener's new  army  of  1,000,000  men now  coming  into being will not, according to -an  expert military view, be read., for service in the field until next spring, but  owing to  the superior class of men  who have responded to the call their  training is progressing rapidly. Among  them,   according     to     authoritative  circles,  there are nearly 200,000 old  soldiers who have served in the British regular army for periods ranging  from seven to twelve years, and these  form an admirable stiffening for the  new    recruits from civil life, whom  they assi3t in training. To this must  be-added many men who have served,  short periods in the volunteer forces  of the militia.  All w-eakly men among the new recruits have leen rapidly weeded out  during the stiff training and most of  the men are developing into fine shots,  while their excellent physical condition will make them a valuable addition to the vast allied army which will  be in the field next spring to recommence the campaign against Germany.  -Holland's claim to exclusive control  of the mouth of the Scheldt, threatened by the German occupation of Antwerp, was formerly far more com-  ] -ehenslve than at present. The  claim dates ,lrom the blocivu.de of the  Scheldt, proclaimed by Alva iu 15S4,,  which at one blow destroyed the  maritime power and wealu of Antwerp. From being an act of war, th������  blockade passed into an international  condition, embodied in a succession  of treaties, whereby the Dutch were  given entire control of the navigation  of the Scheldt. This right was exercised to close the Scheldt absolutely,  and thereby pre-ont all rivalry on the  part of Antwerp to the great Dutch,  ports of Amsterdam and otterdam.  Napoleon swept away tlie restriction  when he -waited Antwerp Li 1803, aud  docks, ships, anl commerce sprang:  up again as by niufiic.  Th permanent prohibition or vodka  iu Russia is equivalent to a measure  in this country prohibiting tho sale of  spirits. Vodka is neither more nor  less than whisky- It was ence rye-  whisky, just as Sco'cii and Irish whisky were once maao from barley malt.  Nowadays it is made, like ordinary  whisky, with a patent, still, the usual  materials being potatoes and maize.  It does not matter a great deal what  material is used as grist in making a  spirit if it is distilled with a patent  still, which supplies practically puro  alcohol. There seems to be no reason  in the nature of things why vodka  should be any more harmful or mora  potent than whisky. It is of about tho  same alcoholic strength. But It is  usually drunk neat. The vodka shopa  ar.i not public houses. The spirit i������  sold in flasks for consumption off th������  premises, that is, immediately outsld������.  UM������MMIlWMBMMia^^  aajiMaaKMMtMtMaiirag  9BBBHE  wiuiuuuunfgnoati n ���������n\,-.^*tt���������->lS -.1. tht^HJt t- ������������������(���������*< mUllA'  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  n  IS OF THE CITY  A  well   attended  meeting of the  ratepayers of the   West   ward   was  held in  the Columbia fire hall last  Saturday  evening for  the purpose  of selecting and   endowing   candidates for the city election.    After  a thorough discussion of the situation, the present aldermen were endorsed   for re-election.    It was decided not to place a mayoralty candidate in the'field unless a poll was  forced on the city by the East ward,  in which event Neil  McCallum consented to enter the race   for  mayor,  and   John   McKie   was selected to  take bis place   on   the  aldermanic  ticket.  Nelson next  Tuesday.  weak, commencing on  Allen & Noeris, who operate the  planing .mill in the-Ruckle addition,  have purchased the hardware stock  of Mclntyre & Smith, who ma'de an  assignment about three months ago.  The local shops of tbe Great  Northern railway are to be re-opened  in the near future.  e Milt for Your Baby Must be Clean,  Sweet arid Pore  Since additional crews were put  on the ore trains the hotel business  in the West end has materially improved.  Charles Mix, fire warden, spent  a few days in Phoenix this week.  Tenders for Wood  The Winnipeg avenue bridge has SEALED   TENDERS  been dismantled this week, and  traffic between the lower town and  Columbia must now be carried on  by way of Donald street until the  fill on Winnipeg avenue ia completed.  Two rinks from this city and two  rinks from Phoenix will probably  participate in the annual bonspiel  of the British Columbia Curling association,   which   will   be  held  in  Wll  be  re  ceived by the unyersigned up to,  and including, January the twenty  seventh, 1915, for supplying fifty  j cords green wood, four foot, length,  split fir or 'tamarack. Wood to be  delivered- and piled at the Central  School as and where directed.  Tenders to state time of delivery  The lowest or an tender not neces  sarily accepted  Dated at Grand Forks, B. C, Janu  ary the fourteenth, 1915.  GEO   H. HULL,  Secretary.  Board of Trade Thinks Road  to Franklin Should Be  Built This-Year  NEW HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  .  New Harness C^4^". '  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family"  Robin Hood Flour  u  (t  a  Oats  Porriage Oats  Ferina  Graham  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale 6_V  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  o411 Its Branches  Boundary Trust CSb  Investment Co., Ltd.  Established 1901  First Street  !L=  A  w������3ll   attended   meeting of the  board of trade was held on  Tuesday  evening, when President DeCew ap  pointed the permanent committees  for the current year.  The principal topic discussed during the evening was the action of  the'Kettle Valley Railway company,'  which, at the forthcoming session  of the provincial legislature, intends  to apply for an extension of time in  which to complete its various lints  After the subject had been freely  discussed the board, by a resolution,  placed itself on record as being  opposed to the government'complying with the request of-the company. A eommittee was appointed  to- draft a resolution protesting  to the government against the -extension of time being granted. 'This  resolution will be considered at a  meeting of the board next Monday  evening, and then forwarded to Victoria. The committee was also in  structed to wait upon the city council and request that body to adopt a  similar resolution. s .  Thetnatter of the extension of  the North Fork branch of the Ket  tie Valley line to Franklin camp  was also considered. The members  present appeared to be unanimous  in the opinion that tbe present was  an opportune time for the construction of the -road. The belief was  freely expressed that the ore tonnage  of the camp and the development  of the agricultural resources of the  North Fork valley would make the  line a paying investment.  A communication was received  from Edmonton parties, who asked  for information in regard to opportunities for establishing a creamery  at this point. The secretary was  instructed to answer the letter, and  to inform them that another firm  had made arrangements to start a  creamery here on the first of April  next.  The membership committee was  instructed to canvass the city for  new members  ���������B. C. MILK is recommended and  used extensively as a food for infants. The reason;'" is this: It' io  Ciean, ��������� Sweet and Pure���������alway v  ready for. use. ' For infants -  should be diluted with.from tw0  to ' eight parts of boiled water ?  arcording to age. It has the  Natural Flavor of Pure, Rich  Cream. *    ���������    .  torn has been put;in. Live advertisers are going after the new business,  new'rm.rkets, new fields-made possible  by this great and unfortunate war  Just as modern methods of warfare  will add new efficieucy, new features  to this-' war, so modern methods of  sellidg���������through ival advertising and  merchandising���������will add new effio  iency to tlie commercial effort set in  [notion by the war. . .   "  American manufacturers, have  discovered that owing to tlie shutting off  of German ex porta tions Miey   have   a  brand new market at their- doors   for  such commodities as chemicals, diugs,  medicines, copper and    manufactures,  cotton goods, .earthen stone and china-  ware,    glass     and   - glassware,    malt  liquors, spirits, wines,    silk.,rnanufac  ures,   fruit   aud    nuts, gloves/   embroidery, hats, steel and   iron    manu ,  factures, toys, etc  The American advertisers are readjusting themselves with wonderful  rapidity and are redoubling, their efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied them. Those who hesitate  will lose a tremendous opportunity  and be.handicapped for months, per  haps years, to come.  What about us Canadians?  10 CENT "CASCABETS"  JR. BILIOUS OR COSTIVE  For Sick   Headache,   Sour -Stomach,  8luggisrT Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you sleep.   ���������  Furred -Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Head-  "aches come from a torpid liver, and  clogged bowels, which - cause - your  stomach to become filled with undigested food, which sours and ferments  like'garbage in a swill,barrel. That's  the first step to untold misery���������indigestion, foul gases, bad-breath, yellow  skin, mental fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating. A Cascaret  to-night .will give your constipated  bowels a thorough cleansing ' and  straighten you out by morning." They  work while you sleep���������a 10-cent box-  from your druggist will keep you feeling good for months.  Take your repairs to Armson, shoe  repairer. The Hub. Look for the  Big Boot.  The-Sun gathers "and   prints  tlie  news first.    It is not a pirate.  The  Sun   is  the   best newspaper  value in the Boundary country.  For Sale���������One black horse; seven  years old; weight 1225 lbs. Apply S.  F. Newbauer, Ruckle addition.  ilVE "STs'EUP OF-FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and bowels.  Look at the tongue, mother! If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  and bowels need cleansing at once.  When peevish, cross, listless, doesn't  sleep, oat or act naturally, or is feverish, stomach sour, breath bad; has  ;oro throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give  i teaspoonful of "California Syrup of  i-'igs," and in. a few hours all the foul,  .constipated waste, undigested food  and sour bile gontly moves out of its  little bowels without griping, and you  have a well, playful child again. ABk  your druggist for a SH-cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains full Erections for babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  Highest cash prices paid for old  Stoves and Ranges. E. C. Peckham,  Second hand Store.  urniture  When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were.  buying a large order.  We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  Tne Home Furnishers  "Three Squares a Day"  In spite of war and the horrrs   of  war a vast number of  Canadians  going to need ''three squares a  day,  just as in times of   peace.    They   are  going to need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc.. too, aud a surprising   lot of  them will go  on   buying  luxuries  as  well.  The   bottom   hasn't   fallen  out of  trade.    On the contrary a   new   bot-  \  \  m  I  ������������������'J;  >l  n  Iff  ���������8ff  >'h<i  M  .*,S|  ���������������������������si  til*  'III  ;1  M  m  If the Cash on-Dollvery System is in use in your country, then you need   not  send 101- for either two Rings you select, and pay balance when you recelvethe  Klnirs. MASTERS, LTD., BYE, ENQ.

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