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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Jan 22, 1915

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 ���������^  A  I f  t * ���������'  ;<f,?  < s  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No.  12  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, JANUARY 22, 1915  V  $1.00 PER.YEAR  ^ A short "meeting of the Grand  Forks- board- of trade .was held ��������� last  Monday .night"-for the purpose of  bearing the rsport A the publicity  committee, which was instructed at  the'previous meeting to draft a resolution-protesting against" the   pro-  . vincial and federal governments  .granting the Kettle Valley Railway  company a further extension of time  -'in-, wb.ich.vto ���������<���������complete the North  Fork branch-.of its .lines. The  committee submitted the following  resolution, which was read' .and  unanimously-adopted, and the clerk  was instructed to forward ' copies to  Premier ' McBride and to .Ernest  Miller, our member at Victoria. A  committee was also appointed to  wait on the city council and ask  that body to adopt a similar resolution: . ���������  | JVVhereas, Notice has 'appeared in  -the daily papers that the Kettle  Valley Railway company intends to  apply to the provincial   government  - at the coming session for  an   exten-  sionof time for the completion of its  North Fork line to Franklin;   '  And whereas, extensions-"of .time  ..for the completion of this line have  already; been   granted   lo the said  " 'Company.;- .'  And whereas, there arj a number  of promising mining properties  which would be well worth the seri  ous consideration of e ipital for development into producing properties  if the transportation "facilities were  provided for by the extension of the  railway from Lynch Creek to Frank  lin;  And whereas, the geological con-"  dition of the mineralized .areas  point towards the, development of'  ore bodies similar to those of the  Phoenix and Dead wood'camp-, with  the additional advantage of occa  sional high grade ore bodies  And whereas, in the valley of the  North Fork of the Kettle river, be  tvveen Grand Forks and Branklin,  there are some'.'20,000 ncres of . fertile, well watered- land, and also  large areas of upland grazing land,  whicn if transportation conditions i '  were   practicable,    would   in   time  the construction of said extension';  And whereas, the provincial government has accordingly recently sent  in Mr. Audrew Larson, tM E.r-to  make a report on the mining, agricultural and timber resources of said  district;  Be it therefore resolved, That we,  realizing that the development of  the many natural resources of this  fertile'.valley depends on the completion of this railway, hereby humbly petition the honorable the premier of the province' of British Columbia not to grant any further .extension of time to the Kettle Valley  railway for the completion of this  line, but that the. company be required to complete this line without  further delay.  The committee'had also drafted a  resolution to be presented to the  federal authorities. This was unanimously adopted, nnd tlie clerk was  instructed to forward copies of it to  Premier Borden and to Hon. Martin  Burreli, member for Yale Cariboo.  The salient points -in the resolution  are practically the same as those  contained in the resolution sent to  Victoria, and The Sun deems it unnecessary to reproduce it in these  columns.  The Douks  An orchardist from   Carson "drifted  into our olEce Wednesday.  ' "We suppose," queried The Sun  man," eager ,to. avert.a discussion on  meteorological topics, "that since the  Great rilon. Mr. Bowser���������Attorney  Guer'al Bowser���������visited the'Doukhobor colony in your neighborhood, ac-  c unpanied by his official interpreter,  the people of the community are living strictly up to the provincial and  Dominion laws? Their children, we  s ippose, attend school regularly, and  their vital statistics are being furnished the proper authorities? We.  say we suppose this happy state of  affairs exist, because we have heard of  no prosecutions since Mr. Bowser said  the Doukliobors must obey the laws "  "You can suppose what you dern  please," said our visitor, rather testily, "but that doesn't make it so���������not  by a long shot. Let's see. Shortly  after Mr. Bowser's visit a cuntingent  of Douk school children was mobilized.  It is said that the youngsters were  anxious to attend school, and the parents of the children had given their  consent. Then -Peter Veregin ap  peared on the scene,   and   it   is   sup-  have an annual   production  of $ I,- ,    ...    .      ,,. ���������..���������,     .   .   ..  1 '    posed    that    he   counternisinclecl   tlie  '       ' order, as the contingent never reached  And whereas, in the valley of  the ; thetettchei,s firiog line.        .  east and west.baanches of the-North,'    ..^   is  anothel.   pUse   to thi���������  Fork, and   tributary   streams, there  ^    , , ��������� ,        ,���������,������:������������������ ,.1, ,. ,���������    ���������, *  ���������������������������  '_       . _     _^     #-ii . \ Doukhobor question that is   not  gen  erally known," said   Mr.    Orchardist.  is estimated to be 500 million feet of  fine timber of an estimated value of  one million dollars, which would be  made available by' the construction  of the Kettle Valley line from Lynch  Creek to'Franklin;   '  And whereas, the completion of  this line can be effected at a very  moderate   .cost   6. w i.ug -to   the very  '.'It is said that they are in straitened  circumstances, and have to praetice  economy. You known they have always been vegetarians. The last time  that Mr. Veregin visited the colony,  it is said that he gave orders that  they   must   live   without bread until  1 The first meeting of the new  council was held last Monday night,  when the mem bets took the .oath of  office." Mayor .Gaw and Aid Bonthron, Bickerton, Donaldson,-Manly,  McCallum and Smith  were present.  A committee from the board of  trade, composed of- Messrs. W. -M.  DeCew, Fred Clark and E. F. Metcalfe, waited on the council and  asked that body to adopt resolu  tions protesting against an extension  of time being granted the Kettle  Valley Railway company to complete its North Fork branch, and to  forward the same to the Ottawa and  Victoria governments. The council  acquiesced in the . request,' and Aid.  McCallum and City Clerk Hutton  were appointed a committee to draft  the resolutions.  The resolutions, which have subsequently been prepared by this committee, are, in their main features,  identical with the ones adopted by  the board of trade, with the exception that a clause ie incorporated citing the fact that in the agreement between thecity and-lhe railway company it is stipulated that the company is ��������� to extend its North  Fork branch from Lynch Creek "to  Franklin can-p as soon'as-traffic  conditions warrant, and the resolu  tion expresses tne belief that that  time h*������s no v. arrived.  Tne report of   Returning   Officer  Hutton was read and approved.  All the committee reports ^were  very brief.  The mayor appointed the permanent committees. They are practically the same as last year. After  tbe meeting tbe committees met and  selected t ieir chairmen,   as follows:  Finance���������Aid. Manly.  Water and Light���������Aid. McCal-  ium  Board of Works���������Aid. Bonthron,  Health and Relief���������Aid. Bickerton.  Cemetery���������Aid. Donaldson,  Aid. Manly gave notice 1 hat at  the next meeting of the council he  would introduce a temporary loan  bylaw.  has wider privileges by virtue of a  treaty agreed to by Great Britain  and the United States in 1870.  An important feature of this   new  inter imperial legislation not hither  to emphasized is that   it    maintains  and   strengthens   the    autonomous  rights   of   the  overseas .dominions.  This is so because it is by   virtue of  this', act, and   not   by virtue of im-  perial legislation on the subject, that  aliens naturalized under the new law  will receive  world-wide   recognition  as subjects of the empire.    It was at  first proposed that the whole matter  should   be   dealt  with by imperial  legislation, but   the'representatives  of the overseas dominions objected,  and the imperial   ministers    readily  conceded the right of the dominions  in the matter.     As a result a   prece  dent   has   been   established which  will strengthen the position of   Can  ada in.all matters in which the   Dominion   was   delegated   the right to  legislate by virtue of the   provisions  of the British North America act.  spring.    If   they   have   to exist on  easy   grade   and  small -amount of;       \  , . ,      ., . ., ,������������������  J.   6 -��������������������������������������������� . vegetable   soup   for   the   next three  ...rock work required, 'and, especially ,    ......"     r c   ., ..        .���������  .���������...-���������      .*-     ��������� ,'    ...   '   ."       -J    months,- I   am   afraid they will come  at the present time, to   the   excep-'    .       ,       . ., .        ,.       ������������������  ���������^ ���������������������������;  ���������   -���������   ������������������������������������:.-.������������������������������������.���������.��������� r .1 out next spring as thin on the  ribs as  tionally low cost of labor and.ma-l-   .        .,   ,.   1     1 r       m  ������������������-���������������������������' a horse that  has been   spending   the  terial;        ���������'      ":      "���������" ..' ' ���������'���������'���������''  And wheras.an   agreement exists  -between the Kettle Valley Railway  company and the. provincial government that in the'event  of   the   re-       All ladies having completed  work  source8,6fthe.di8trict between Grand ;or leftover yarn are kindly request-  Forks and Franklin -being .sbowr.'to.'ecHo turn the same in atthe meeting  winter on the range. If this does not  turn to be the case, I'm no true  prophet.''  of the Daughters of tbe Empire   on  be sufficient to justify the extension ' ,       ,     ... ,Q     ,m.       ...  ,.    ,  v,.     ������������������ ���������*.   , J   ... Thursday,,January   28.    This   will  ot   the line ^oL  the  said company facj|jtate������tnatching yarn.for a  little  from Lynch Creek to Franklin, said more,   if ,necessary,   to   complete,  company will at once proceed   with work.  imperial Citizenship  The coming into effect of the imperial naturalization act on January  1 introduced an entirely hew set of  conditions relating to the. making  into citizens of the Dominion aliens  who have made their home in Canada. The most striking, difference  between the new and the old acts  will be that, under the new act  aliens naturalized in the Dominion  will be given not only the Dominion  but world-wide British citizenship.  They will be entitled to the protection of the British flag, no matter  where tliey go. Should a German  after peace has been declared come  to Canada,and after the lapse of five  years, be naturalized under the inter imperial arrangement, he would  be recognized as a British citizen  even in the event of- his return to  Germany. An alien, other than -a  native of the United States, who has  been naturalized under the old act,  is entitled to the rights of British  citizenship only within the Dunin  ion.    A native of the  United States  - The Latent-Life in Dust  The potentialities of li.fe that lie  in a few ounces of soil, as illustrated  by a writer in Answers, may prove  a matter of interest' to gardeners and  jther botanical experts. "One year,  in the month of February," says the  writer alluded to, "Mr. Darwin re-  mo������ed from three different parts of  a pond three tablespoonfuls of mud  that weighed in all six and three-  quarter ounces. He placed it in a  "breakfast cut:and kept it. covered in  bis study for six months. At the  end of that time he had removed  from it five hundred and thirty-  seven distinct plant.*.  "Another interesting experiment  was carried on by a Scotch gentleman a few years ago .In it patch of  soil taken from a hedge about  twenty eight inches long by eleven  inches wide and twenty eight deep,  he planted a doz"ti acorns, and took  note of the number of plants that  grew from seed naturally contained  in the soil.  "At the end of a year he had  taken out, as they came up, fifty-  five plants; the following year, fifty-  six nrore plants, were removed, and  in the two succeeding years, two  hundred and eleven."  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as recorded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  r Min.     Max  Jan.   15���������Friday  H 38  10���������Saturday   ....    2 13  17���������Sunday, -3 13  IS���������Monday     5 22  19���������Tuesday     3 15  20���������Wednesday...  11 20  21 -Thursday  -4 lo  Inch/'s  Snowall     0.8  The annual meeting and congregational social of the Baptist church  was held on Wednesday evening,  when the usual annual reports and  appointments were made. In view  of the prevailing depression and  losses by removals, etc., the various  departments of activity revealed  gratifying conditions and a hopeful  outlook. Rev. C W. King, who  presided, spoke warm words of appreciation over the fine spirit of devotion among the workers, and the  hopeful decisions made, the substantial additions to membership and  staff of workers and the increasing  effectivenes* of the cause as an up  lifting force in the community.  II. Mi Winslow, secretary of the  British Columbfa Fruit Growers'  association', announces that, the necessary preliminary arrangements  have been completed for the twenty-  fifth annual meeting of that organization, which svill be held in Victoria on the 26th and 27th of the  present month.  The prevailing condition of financial depression have resulted in far  from satisfactory prices for fruit and  vegetables, as a whole, and many  growers who usually make it a point  to attend the annual meeting, were,  of the opinion that the need for  economy would so lessen attendance  at the convention as to suggi st the  advisability of cancelling it ibis  year, as has been doue in the ca*e of  the Central Farmer*' institute and  other provincial agricultural con  ventions. The prevailing view, however, has been that tbe general situation makes it all the more necessary  for representative fruit growers to  meet for the discussion of measures  for the benefit of the industry, and  so the meeting will take place as  announced.  The reports of the president and  secretary will show that 1914 has  been for tbe association one of considerable activity and growth." The  membership now totals 996, includ-  'ing -the twenty-six affiliated local  fruit growers' associations and selling unions. Among the notable activities of the association has been  tbe very successful advertising campaign which it carried out with the  object of popularizing British Columbia fruit. The reports of tbe  various standing committees, also,  will show that helpful results have,  been securedalong many lines.  Interest, however, will probably  centre upon the resolu'ions-which  delegates from the various affiliated  organizations will present for consideration, and many of which will  bring matters of the utmost importance before the convention. It  seems certain that keen nterest will  be aroused by these, and that as a  result lively and' action-producing  discussion will characterize the sessions of the association.  In addition to the presentation of  reports of committees, resslutions  and routine business addresses will  be delivered by Premier McBride,  Hon. Price Ellison, minister of finance and agriculture; W. E. Scott,  deputy minister of agriculture; R.  Robertson, manager Okanagan United Growers', Ltd., Vernon, on  "The Okanagan United Growers'  Operations and Results for 191-1,"  and by J. Forsyth Smith, British  Columbia fruit markets commissioner, on "Prairie Marketing Conditions."  Beginners at the public school  will be received fietween February  1 and February 5, and not later.  Our idea of a smart young man is  one who succeeds in taming his wild  oats.  Tbere are times when every man  is a ' deep dyed villain in his  thoughts.  A man is seldom worth as much  or as little as people think he is. THE SUN. GRAND FORKS, B. C.  y  FRENCH GUNS HAVE THE RANGE  In   Long   Distance'Artillery    Battles  Germans  Get  Decidedly Worst  of   it  A well known/ Dutch journalist,  (vho has just returned from a tour  ��������� through Alsace-Lorraine and right  though to the German lines before  Verdun, gives in Hot Leven EOine interesting pictures of thi position on  ��������� the German frontier,, and at the-front.  Particularly significant is what he  writes regarding the admittec. superiority of the French artillery, and the  clever ruses they adopt.    He wrties;  " Proceeded by train to Metzland,  thence set off by motor, witn an Ofcer-  lieutentuit ; s an escort, to visit the  lighting lines. Across the French frontier nnd on imst.L.���������..ur and Woevre  we met an ever increasing number of  Infantry, artilory and transport columns and the further we went the  busier became the scene.  "German officers to whom I spoke  in this neighborhood were by no  means satisfied over the progress cf  affairs; there was no progress to be  noted,: principally because the French  artillery had proved itself superior to  the German. The French seem to  have dragged their lieavy.guns out of  the fortress, and to have placed them  in the open field. Moreover, it is asserted that the French artillery can  reach at leas'; two kilometres farther  than that of the Germans.  "We passed on by St.'Hilaire and  Butgevillo to Harville, where we were  only, 12 kilometres from, the great  fortress of Verdun, whose guns were  sending out' their terrible messengers  of death. Not far from that-point was  a magnificent battery of 30 centimetre  motor howitzers. I was not allowed to  approach it, but German officers told  me that the Austrians had suffered  ' terrible losses.  The French shells raked even the  best sheltered positions���������-a fact which  gave the Austrians much food for  thought. At last th3y found the solution. In a tree close to their battery  they found a Frenchman armed with a  field telephone, who promptly informed Verdun of any change in the position of the Austrian guns. The brave  Frenchman was given short shift. But  the instance does not stand alone. Repeatedly hr.ve tho Germans found  \ country people in trees and in cellars,  Nall with pocket telephones.  - fhe Germans have made such actions almost impossible now, but still  they admit they are not by a long way  where they would like to be. Everywhere I heard in Germany officers  and soldiers alike speaking with  great joy at the Fort de Camp des  Romains. Now at. last there was a  gap in their lino of forts. At the  lighting line itself I heard a very different story. Yes, they had taken the  fort, and the Bavarian soldiers had  acted magnificently, but whether they  could hold the fort was another ^question. The French guns in the^forts  of Parodies- and Leonville were so  excellent that they complet-uy covered the Camp des Romains, and the  gap was no gap at all."  A young suburban doctor whose  practice was not very great sat in his  study reading away a lazy afternoon  in early summer. His man servant  appeared at the door.  "Doctor, them boys is staalin' your  green peaches agin. Shall I chase  them away?"  The doctor looked thoughtful for a  moment, then leveled his eyes at the  servant. ���������       ,  "No," lie said.  An Irish editor, in speaking of the  miseries of Irelaud, saya:  "Her cup cf miseries has been for  __ ages overflowing, and is not yet full."  IRRIGATION   FARMING  CUTICURA  Comparative Results of Dry Land and  Irrigation Farming  Interesting figures showing comparative results of dry land and irrigation farming have been made public  V-y the Dominion Experimental Farm  at Lethbridge. Experiments extended  over a period of seven years are very  conclusive in their evidence of the increased returns made possible by irrigation, as the following table will Indicate!  Wheat /(Red  Fyfe)      '-  r   Non-  Year. Irrigated.      Irrigated.  1908 ..........    34 ;'.4  1909       29      -     N ������������������'.! ���������  1910 ...........   15 ..���������  1911        ��������� hailed     -  1912 ..... .    31 IV.  1913 .. :"...���������   27  1914      20 0'  PROFESSOR  HAD VISION OF WAt-k  MR.    ROOSEVELT'S    PEACE  PLAN  Average  26  Oats (Banner)  1908 ..'.  80 88  1909    50 77  1910    21 08  1911  ���������.hailed ���������  1912  v.... 77 H5  1913    73 115  1914    49 113  Average       59 101  Barley   (Claude)  1908       55 GO  1909       41 64  1910     12 42  .1911-.......... ���������hailed ���������  1912    29 81  1913   40 94  1914'  30 97  Average        34 73  Potatoes   (Irish  Cobbler)  1908      92 235  1909 ..........159 605  1910   ."103 521  1911    356 560  1912 .......... 296 501  1913     229 528  1914   400 495  Average   ....  233 492  These figures show that for the period of seven years, wheat'under irrigation yielded an average of 20 bushels per acre more than under dry  farming; oats yielded 42 bushels  more,; barley 39 bushels more and  potatoes 259 bushels Inore. It should  also be noted that under* irrigation  very successful crops of alfalfa were  grown which not only were very-profitable in themselves, but maintained  and increased the. fertility of tfie soil.  As- summer fallow ' is unnecessary  where an alfalfa rotation can be established ,the farmer's land is producing  a crop every year under irrigation as  against every second year under dry  farming practice.,  Alfalfa  is Very  Profitable Crop  Irrigated lands in Southern Alberta,  when devoted to alfalfa growing, return a net profit of eight per cent, on  a valuation of over $100 per acre, according to S. S. Lunham, chairman  of the Rural Relations Committee of  the Lethbridge board of trade.  Dr. Dunham presented his figures at  a meeting of farmers recently held  near Lethbridge to petition the Dominion government, to extend the irrigation systems in Soutnern Alberta. A  petition, praying the" government to  undertake important irrigation enterprises, was signed by over 200 farmers. The cost of bringing the land  under irrigation was estimated at $18  per acre, and the farmers expressed  their willingness to pay thi3 amount,  with interest at four per. cent.,' the  government to extend repayment over  a period of forty years.  It was in connection with the estimated cost of $18.00 per acre that  Mr. Dunham presented his figures.  "Get irrigation at $18 an "acre if you  can," he said. "If you cannot get it  at $18 an acre, get it at $50 or $60, but  get it." ���������-.������������������-.  Dr..Dunham-proceeded to show the  profits which irrigation made possible.  He instanced alfalfa, which has come  to be an important crop in the irrigated areas of Alberta, and presented  the following figures for an acre of  alfalfa: $1 an acre for water; 75 cents  for applying the water three times  during the season, and $3.75 per acre  for putting the crop in stack���������a total  cost of $5.fc0 per acre. A crop of 2%  tons -per acre (many irrigation farmers are gettinc lour and five tons per  acre) would show a net profit of $8.25  per acre at the low price of $5.50 per  ton without any depletion of the soil,  but actually increasing its fertility.  On this basis alfalfa will pay eight per  cent, net profit on land valued at  $103.33 per acre.  The fact that farmers whe- ��������� irrigation is not available are petitioning  for it and ure willing to bear the  whole cost of its installation is a tribute to the success of the irrigation  enterprises already established in Alberta whic'i include the immense undertaking of the Canadian Pacific Railway, the largest irrigation project on  tne American continent.  A-Tribunnal-of. the  Great Powers by  the Colonel  "The one permanent move for obtaining peace which has yet been suggested with any reasonable chance of  I attaining  its  object  is by an  agrec-  ' ment   among   the   great   powers,   by  which  each   should  pledge  itself not  only to abide by 'the decisions of a  common tribunal,    but to back with  force the decision .of that common tribunal.  "The great civilized nations of the  world which possess force should  combine "by solemn agreement in a  great world league for peace and  righteousness. A court should be  , created���������a changed and amplified  i Hague Court would meet the requirements���������composed of representatives  of each nation, these representatives  being sworn to act in each case as  judges pure and simple, not in a representative capacity. Ihe nations should  agree on certain rights; that should not  be questioned, such as territorial integrity, the right to deal with their  own domestic affairs, with such matters as whom they should and should  not admit to residence and citizenship  within their own borders.  "All rhould guarantee each of their  number in possession of these righ'ts.  All should agree that other matters  at issue between any of them,.or between any of them and any one of u  number specified outside the civilized,  nations should ��������� be submitted to the'  court as above' constituted; They  should, furthermore, agree not only to  abide by the decision.of the court, but  all to unite with military forces to enforce the decree. .Under these circumstances it would be possible to agree  on a limitation of armaments that  would be real and effective."  Such is the scheme propounded by  Mr. Roosevelt for the .eventual peace  of^the world in the most interesting  article he has yet written for the  New York Times. He recognizes that  the scheme is not perfect, that h  would take time to educate the nations  up to it, that it postulates reasonable  good faith; but he "believes that it  would do more than any other plan  yet broached to rescue neutral nations  in a case like the violation of the  neutrality of Belgium from the fear of  a position of humiliating, impotence  created by the fact that "our neutrality can only be preserved by failure to  help to right what.is wrong." Neutral  morality, Mr. Roosevelt thinks, is  slowly developing to a pitch-which  renders the scheme not entirely Utopian.  "We are still, he, continues, a lamentably long distance away from the  goal, but we have taken a few steps  toward that goal. A hundred years  ago the English speaking peoples of  Britain and America regarded one another as inveterate and predestined  enemies, just as three centuries previously had been the case in Britain  itself between those who dwelt in the  northern half and those who dwelt in  the southern half oi'the h.land. Now  war is unthinkable between us. Moreover, there is a real advance in good  will, respect, and understanding .between-the United States and'all the  other nations of the earth.���������London  Times. ��������� .  Turkey   Doomed  Fcr centuries Turkey has played a  sinister part in the affairs of Europe.  Wily, barbaric and obstinate; the  Ottoman Empire has held its own on  the Bosphorous, even when the whole  of Europe wanted"to be rid of .the:in>  truder. '..''.-."...   .   ;   :    ".". ���������"������  If it had not been for England's fear:  of Russian 'designs oh India the. tni-;j  speakable Turk would have been obliterated three-quarters of a century  ago. Gratitude for continued.existence  ought to have kept Turkey out of this  war, even had there been no .other  motive. As it is, with Russia, France  and Great Britain arrayed against it,  the Turkish empire is bound to fall.  There was r. time when the soldiers  of the Sultan were mighty warriors,  but that day has gone by. And Germany has too large a contract on her  hands in other directions to be able  to save her latest ally.���������Philadelphia  Evening Ledger.  Used exclusively and Cuticura  Ointment occasionally will promote and maintain a clear skin,  free from pimples, blackheads,  redness, roughness and othef  unsightly eruptions.  Samples Free by Mail  Cuticura Soap and Ointment sold throughout th������  world. Liberal namplo of each mailed frco, with 32-p.  book. Address "Cuticura," Dept. K. Boatorj, U.S.A..  W. N. U. 1030  They had been talking as they  ..ulked.. She had remarked pathetically:  "Oh, it must fce terrible to a man to  be rejected by a woman."  "Indeed, it must," was his response.  Then, after a while, with sympathetic ingenuousness she exclaimed:  "It doesn't seem that I could ever  have the heart to do it."  And there came a silence between  them as lie thought it over.  Smythe, Jr.���������What's "overhead expense," pop?  Smythe, Sr. (behind his paper)���������  Your mother's millinery.  Say3   Railroads   Kill  5,558  Yearly  Railroads of the country kill 5,r)5S|  persons annually���������an average t������ fourteen every day���������because there ara no  laws penalizing trespassing; on railroads, R. C. Richards, general claim  t.gent of the Chicago and Northwestern Railroad, told delegates at the  eighth conference of the Western  Economic Society held al Chicago.  "I think it conservative to say that  it would cost the State3, counties and  municipalities less to enact and enforce trespass laws than it does to  pick up and bury the dead, hold inquests on the bodies and care for the  cripples," Mr. Richards said.  The speaker asserted that during  the last twenty-four years there wore  108,009 persens killed and 117,257 injured while walking on railroad tracl:s  and "flipping" on cars.  "Mr. Smith," said a lady at the  church-festival, "won't you buy .a  bouquet to present to the lady you  love?"  "That wouldn't be right," said Mr.  Smith.    "I'm a married man."  "I suppose you have heard' of tlie  Fool Killer."  "Tes; but I've never met him."  "That is Quite obvious."  Warned   England  to  Prepare Against  Prussia's Ambition  to  Become  -Dominant  World   Power  Since the private individuals i:: any  civilized country do not hate the private individuals of any other civilized  country, .why are governments hostile1  to one another? Why are not nations  controlled by the influences that control individuals? Would not the question of war or peace, if submitted to  a referendum or all the people, have  prevented any modern war? Are  groups of men prompted by motives  and led by forces that do not move individual men? Is it true that for mystical reasons men are sane, kindly,  humane, individually, and insane,  cruel, inhuman collectively?  Naive questions, perhaps, but they  lie behind much ot the discussion of  the causes of this ghastly fratrlcido  that-has torn civilization apart. If, indeed it be true that the destiny is  guided not by human intelligence or  human will lut by a blind, unconscious, unknowable, irresistible forcj,  in whose hands nations and races are  only playthings, then efforts to elude  their fate are as vain and foolish as  would be an attempt to stop a cyclone  'or an earthquake.  That thought is one. of the many  striking things in a striking' boon  just now in vogue���������a fragmentary and  unfinished ant. mie-sided book, as suggestive for. what' it omits as for what  it contains, a:bravo,and logical and  brilliant book, written last year by the  late J. A. Crarnb, professor of modern  history in Queen's college,. London. Its  colorless title, "Germany and England," might well have been "The  Necesity and the Beneficence of War."  Somewhat thus runs the gifted author's argument:  England should seek to understand  Germany, of whose history, literature,  temper and motives she is densely ignorant. Especially should Englishmen  read Trietschke and learn from him  Prussia's spirit and aims, her animosity and contempt for England.  "WorlcV dominion or downfall" has long  been Prussia's slogan. Pacificism, a  growing force in English literature  and politics, is a fatal delusion, a  specious and glittering beauty, a vain  ideal, followed by "nerve.'cranks." In  Europe, "every advance in politics or  religion has oeen attended by war."  Advance without war in the future  will be as impossible as in, the past.  And war is not wholly evil. It assumes forms that sometimes are  "dazzling in their beauty,- sometimes  are wrapt in a kind of transcendental  wonder." In the heroism displayed in  war is an element akin to the courage  of-Captain Scott and of Captain Gates  and their men on the ice fields of the  Antarctic. It transcends reason. It, is  not utilitarian. It is above and beyond-  ordinary human motives of gain. It  is a mysterious force' that makes men  spurn ease and comfort and lifts life  above life. ' ' ���������  It is, however, possible to detect the  controlling idea of war--the idea of  empire. World empire is the stake.  Germany has consciously visualized  the idea. Treitschke was its prophet.  He was cite of the greatest of all  Germans, as : Lord Salisbury was the  greatest of modern Englishmen. Professor Cramb's admiration for Trietschke is.unbounded. More than, any  other German he was responsible for  anti-English sentiment in the Fatherland. His teachings, that England's  sun is setting and Germany's rising,  that there can be no rest for Germany  until England is destroyed, have become the gospel of Young Germany.  Professor Cramb intimates that in his  belief the ultimate issue is uncertain. Fifteen months before the event  he saw that war between England and  Germany was inevitable. He held that  disarmament, arbitration, peaco congress/internationalism, were empty  dreams.  Moreover, he rather welcomed war,  and he ��������� could "imagine the ancient,  mighty deity of all the Teutonic kindred, throned above the clouds, looking  serenely down upon the conflict, upon  his favorite clu.dreh, the -English,  and the Germans, locked in a death  ^struggle, smiling upon the heroism, of  'the childrtn of Ldin, the war god."  s Both the wargod andthe professor  may chuckle at-.the..wholesale slaught-  c: end the desolation and the relapse  into barbarism, but' they will hardly  make us forget the momentous and'  significant fact that democracy is  everywhere rising, that the spirit of  human brotherhood is, growing, that  absolutism and autocracy; which have  held the democracies of Europe in restraint, are doomed.  Odin, the war god, is a powerful  monster, the enemy of his cousin,  Balder, the god of wisdom, peace and  good will. Odin is an .autocrat, Balder  a democrat. He cannot doubt which  will triumph in the end.���������Boston  Globe.  How Advertising Pays  Tile following resolution was passed  at the 55th annual convention of the  Fruit Growers' association of Ontario:  "That this association desires to express its appreciation of the enterprise of Sir George E. Foster, minjster  of trade and commerce, in advertising  throughout Canada the merits of the  Canadian r.pple with a view to its  increased  home  consumption.  "That in the opinion of this association the campaign has increased the  domestic consumption of the Canadian apple, and'that the department be  asked to continuo the campaign next  year."  Only  Bent  She only weighed 210, so that when  she trod on a banana skin she subsided very gently. The polite shopkeeper came out to assist her to arise  from a box of his best hew laid eggs.  "Oh, I do hope I have not broken  tl.em?" she cried.  "Not at all, madam," said' the  oolite one; "they r.re only bent."  Useful Germs  So much has been said and written,  about germs as disease producing that  we are inclined to think, of them,as  only harmful. '"Health Notes," the  official bulletin of the State Board of  Health of Florida reminds us that  there are such things as useful germs.'  It says: "Speaking of useful germa,  it is a fact that they are very, very;  useful and we would be in a bad way,*  without them. We couldn't make any,  wine, or beer, or whiskey, without  germs, for that is' what ferments are.  These ferments change the sugar into  alcohol, and that is called alcoholic  fermentation. We-couldn!t make vinegar without thein, for that is another  process " of fermentation. The- ferments effect changes producing acetic  acid, and that is called acetic acid fermentation, and that is the way vinegar '  is made. Vanilla' Is made from the  vanilla bean, but the bean has" to be  fermented, -or we would have no  vanilla. Leather cannot he tanned, or  flax retted but by the aid of germs.  Milk would not sour and cheese could  not be made, but -.hat germs bring it  about. The yeast that is used for  making a loaf of bread is a mass of  germB. They attack the starch in the  flour and liberate a gas, which���������'tills  the dough wtih tiny bubbles, and  causes it to "rise" as we say. A disease-producing germ of the gas-producing kind is known and sometimes  gets into a wound, and causes the part  to swell like the rising of bread.  But- more important of all the  germs is that great group which tears  down vegetable and animal tissue, af- -  ter it is aead, and nitrifies it, and  makes it suitable for plant food again.  no amount of life on the earth is determined largely by the activity of  this class of germs." t  "Well," old chap, what luck today?"-  "Nothing but' a couple of churches  and a peasant's barn. What did you  get?",  "Me?   Oh, I had a gre-t day. I blew  up a  college, a library, a cathedral,,  tnree   hosiitals   and  a   tent  ot  Red $  Cross nurses."  "Bully for you, old chap. You always make to-e rest of us look like  thirty pfennigs."���������Life.  Dealer���������WelL sir. of course you  must take the 'oss or leave 'im. There  'e is, with hall 'is himperfectians on.  'is *ead," as the,poet says.  "Ah, your friend the poet can't. Iiave  looked at his legs," replied the cos-  tomer.  P v pa  Made Well By Lydia E.Pirikv  ham's Vegetable Compound.  Philadelphia, Pa.���������"I had a never*  case of nervous prostration, with palpitation of the hearty  constipation, headaches, dizziness,  noise in my ears,  timid, nervous, restless feelings and  sleeplessness.  "I read in the paper where a young  woman had been  eared of the same  troubles by taking  Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound bo I threw away  the medicines the doctor left me and began taking the Compound. Before I  had talc en half a bottle I was able to sit  tip and in a short time I was able to do  all my work. Your medicine has prowl  itself able to do all you say it will and I  hare recommended it in every household  I have visited. "���������Mrs.MARY JOHNSIQW,  210 Siegel Street, Philadelphia, Pa.  Another Bad Case.  Ephrata, Pa.���������"About a year ago I  was down with nervous prostration. I  was pale and weak and would have hysteric spells, sick headaches and a bad  pain under my shoulder-blade. I was  under the care of different doctors but  did not improve. I was so weak I could  hardly stand long enough to do mydish������$j.*''  ���������' Lydia E. Plnkham'a Vegetable Compound has made tne well and happy and  I have begun to gain in weight-arid-wy  face looks healthy E9W.,,TrMra.'J. W.  Hornberger, R. No. 8, Ephrata, Pa.  If you want special adVlce write to'..  Lydia E. Plnkhum Medicine Co. (ooafi*  dcntlal) Lynn, Moss.  YonrletteFwffll  be opened, read and answered by ������  woman anl fecM In stetet eMfi&OSfc  m  u ���������.JfcMjiWj* W������������liM������faii.������l ***.  I1   -  .V   l  iTHE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  IS  That's Why You're Tired���������Out of  Sorts���������Have no Appetite.  GARTER'S LITTLE  BilVER PILLS  will put you right  5n.a few days,  They do  shsir duty.  Cure  Constipation,  Bilioasness, Indigestion, and Sick Headache.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  Though we have somewhat advanced prices  because ot the increased cost and scarcity of  raw material, the usual  high standard of our  quality will be maintained.  J  FREE TO ALL SUFFEfiEitS  Itro" feel'OUT of SORTS' "KUN DOWN' 'GOT the DLUKS'  ���������urPKit train Kioxsr. bladder, nervous diseases,  ��������� HltONIC WEAKNESS,ULCERS,SKIHEKUPTIONS.FIl.ES,  Write   for FREE CLOTH BOUND MEDICAL BOOK ON  theu dlteuee ud WONDERFUL CURES effected by  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. Not No2 No3  ������| and decide for  " yourself if it is  (Ike remedy for TOUROWM ailment. Absolutely FREG  ( N������'follow-up'cfrcularo. No obligations. Dr. LECLEhC  VVed.Co.HavkrstockRd.Hahpst������ad London.Eno  tra, WANT TO  rROVE THERAPION WILL CUKE YOU.  BP=  EETHING  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  no  Soothing I  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIC  PATENTS  Jeatherstonhaugh & Co., head office,  Xing street east, Toronto, Canada.  "If the wind blows this way for another hour," said the captain on board  of a ship in danger of being wrecked,  to a passenger who was a clergyman,  "we shall all bo in heaven."  "Gor forbid!" was the prayerful  answer of the divine."  "It's all very well, Jarge, for you t'  *ay why don't Kitch-ner an' French do  this an' that? But what I say is, it  f.on't do for you an' me t' s'a;* anything  what might embarrass either of 'em."  KINGDOM   OF   HANOVER  War  May    Return  Old   Hanoverian  Kingdom to Power  It is announced from Petrograd  that the czar will set up the kingdom  of Hanover, now incorporated in  Western Prussia, if he crushes Germany with the aid of the allies. His  choice for king will be the young'  Duke of Brunswick, although the  cuke's father, the, Duke of Cumberland, is living.- The Duke of Cumberland is the heir to the throne of Hanover, a claim he(has never been able  to enforce. The son is now fighting  in .the ranks of the kaiser's army. ���������  Hanover opposed Prussia in many  wars, starting at least as far'back as  Frederick the Gi'eat's time. At tho  close'of the six weeks' war, about half  a century ago, Prussia absorbed'Hanover and deposed the like of kings.  There was a great hubbub'in the  Prussian royal family when the six  sons of the kaiser learned their pretty  sister was in love with the young man  upon- whom the crown of Hanover  would have, descended, had not the  Prussian mailed fist intervened. They  ���������listed that the marriage-should not  take place unless the Duke of Brunswick formally renounced all claims to  the throne of Hanover and swore unconditional allegiance to the house of  Hohenzollern. They called upon their  sister, as a loyal Hohenzollern, to give  up the match unless her husband subordinated himself thoroughly to Hohenzollern. --  But the princess declared she would  marry the Duke cf Brunswick-' even  if it meant exile and impoverishment.  Perhaps she had an intuitive feeling  that the crown would some time rest  on her brow if she stood firm. At any  rate, the ' young couple won their  point, and were married without condition's. Following the birth of her  baby there was general reconciliation  on the surface at least.  S\  Strength  'for Motherhood!  POPULAR w:th troops  Stop the Cough.���������Coughing is  caused by irritation in the respiratory  passages and is the effort to dislodge  obstructions that come from inflammation of the muscous membrane. Treatment with'Dr. .Thomas' Eclectric Oil  will allay ��������� the inflammation and in  consequence the cough will cease.  Try it and you will use no other preparation for a-cold.  MOTHERHOOD is not a  time ��������� for ^experiment, but for  proven qualities, and nothing:  exceeds the value of good  cheer, needful exercise-and  SCOTT'S EMULSION.  '   SCOTTS EMULSION charges the  blood with, life-sustaining richness,  suppresses nervous conditions, aids  the quality and quantity of milk  and insures sufficient fat.'  Its COD LIVER OIL feeds the very  Ufa oelb. Its LIME and SODA help  avoid riCketa and make teething easy.  14-48 AvoidSubttitutwM.  mzmmxnsm  TERRIFYING   SPECTACLE  Bjtter Out of Sight  The ready applicant for a "job" had  unexpectedly obtained what he asked  a;id was set to wheel top dressing for  gardening operations. Half ' way  through the morning his temporary  employer had occasion to criticize his  method of going to work.  "Why don't you push the wheelbarrow instead of dragging it after  you?" he was aslcc-*. "It would save  you trouble."  "Not me," growled Weary Willie  disgustedly. "I'm sick of the sight of  the blamed thing."  Remove i hose Unsightly Warts  by applying Putnam's Corn and Wart  Extractor. It cures Corns, Warts and  Bunions, permanently, painlessly and  surely. Every druggist in America  recommends and sells Putnam's; it's  the best.  Out of "Caste"  Many people, unless actually familiar with the ways and customs of the  native of Iridia, have little idea as  to how superstitio. . many of these  people are, especially with regard to  their "caste" system.  - In this district, not very long ago,  a coolie, whilst passing through the  jungle, was. -suddenly attacked and,  most severely mauled by a -bear.  His comrades, however, although  they knew that a few .miles distant  there was a well equipped hospital,  conveyed him to a village close by,  where he was kept without medical  assistance of any kind and in a blazing sun for three days.  When eventually brought into the  hospital the man's plight may be better imagined than described. The surgeon and his assistants managed to  keep him alive, but his face is so disfigured that he is known in the district as the "reache wallah" (bea:1  man). The most extraordinary thing  about this case is that the unfortunate -person was, during the time he lay  in the hospital, considered by the  fraternity to be unclean, with the result that his own wife was, through  attending to his requirements, thrown  out of "ca-te."���������The India Gazette.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  This from a soap advertisement in  a western exchange:  "Sirs i saw your advertisement on  ��������� soap i have not used it yet if it  does what is claimed to do it is worth  its wait in gold i am a grand mother  and have never got arrney thing to  make my complection satisfactory  from wrinkles i will not try ��������� soap  for a time."���������Atlanta Constitution.  Two Irishmen met once and referred  to the illness of a third. "Poor Michael  Hogan! Faith, I'm afraid he's going  to die," said one.  "And why should ho die?" said the  other.  "Och, sure he's got so thin! You're  thin and I'm thin, but begorra Michael  is thinner than the both of us put together."  Thought  She" Recognized   Him  "Even animals show their feeling,"  remarked De Wolf Hopper, tho comedian, to a friend the other day. "Only  yesterday an animal showed me gratitude. I was wandering along a stream  in the country when I met a cow :n  great distress.   Her calf was drown-  Flower of Youth of Europe Being  Massacred  "Never in his vision of Inferno did  Dante imagine anything to compare  with the unspeaKable reality of the  spectacle of the battlefield of the  Marne!" ,  So wroto Pierre Charton, formerly  of Montreal, fighting in the ranks of  the Frer.ch army in Northern  France:  "The battle which has just been  fought on the . Marne resulted in a  brilliant victory for the Allies. Tonight I walked over a part of the  lattlefield near Itevigny, and as I  write I am still affected by the terrible impression of that visit.  Thousands oj men are there, lying  in the' mud caured by the recent rains, dead or dying, slashed  ;.nd mutilated, forming as it were an  immense human melange, from which  comes unceasingly screams of distress and groans of agony.  The little river Che^ is literally  dammed . with. German corpses, on  which our troop3 crossed without  wetting their feet. The rain falls Li  torrents. The wounded that we pick  up are but human parodies, bundles  of mud and blood, shapeless bodies  whose only sign of life takes tho  form of noarse groans of pain. Who  will take- the responsibility of this  mighty hecatomb? What punishment  is reserved lor the man who has  caused the flower of ihe youth of  Europe to'be massacred?"  "We advance with great difficulty.  Our bootL stic.c in tho mud and  clotted blood. A terrible feeling of  horror grips us. We march on almost without knowing what we are  doing. We are mere automatons, unable to think, stupid, dumb, crazed  with horror by the enormity of the  cataclysm.  "A   soldier   wallows   in   a   pool   o.f  mud.    Another,  whom we    pick    up  is still alive, although his lower jaw  is   completely   gur.e.     Here,   a   man  both of whose legs are broken, drags  himsek' along on'his bleeding limbs.  There  another,  whose    shoulder has  b-en shot oif, "utter r a groan of agony.  Farther off, mowed down by our terrible  75   centimeter  guns,   piled  one  on  the other,  horses  and  men form  a terrible heap, those on top, stricken in their last charge, still holding  .their    sabres    in    their stiff hands,  arms outstretched.  "Words cannot describe the horrible visi&n, the terrifying spectacle  of these dead and wounded, annihilated in the awful shock of armed  nations in this, the most civilized era  since creation. May this war be the  last spasm of the war monster on  o~? planet."  General     Smith-Dorrien     Trusts     in  Honor of :he"Soldier  * General Smith-Dorrien, who has  earned such high praise from Sir  John French, ia the most popular  general in the British army, because  during the whole of his career the  soldiers' welfare has always occupied  first place In his programme.  Nine-tenths of his service has been  passed in India, 'and it was there at  Quetta that ho built the first soldiers' club that the army has known.  " The general's first public appearance in England was made on a Wes-  leyan platform, from which he delivered a lengthy speech in favor of  ameliorating the discomforts of barrack life.  He is one of the few soldiers who  can - speak eloquently and without  notes.  The actB which perhaps havo endeared him to Tommy Atkins more  than any others were tho repeal of  piquet duty and the freedom granted  to soldiers during manoeuvres.  Until Genoral Smith-Dorrien took  command at Aldershot piquets of four  or eight men paraded the streets until  midnight. General Smith-Dorrien put  the soldiers on his honor not to misbehave himself in the public streets  and abolished the piquets. They havj  never been reinstated.  Even the Laziest Liver  and Bowels respond to  the gentle action of  veseemfr  GUARD THE CHILDREN    -  FROM AUTUMN COLDS  The fall is the most severe season  of the year for colds���������one day is warm  while the next is wet and cold, and  unless the mother is on her guard the  little ones are seized with colds that  may hang on all winter. Baby's Own  Tablets are mothers' best friend in  preventing or banishing colds. . They  act as a gentle laxative, keeping the  bowels and stomach free and sweet.  An occasional dose will prevent cold  or if cold does come on suddenly the  prompt use of the Tablets will quickly cure it. The Tablets are sold by  medicine dealers or by mail r\t 25 cents  a box from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont  At all Druggi6ts and Stores.  Take    Abbey    Vita Tablets for Sick  Nerves  Taken at His Word  At a recent election in England ta������  candidate was "heckled" rather badly  by the local butcher.   At last he grew  rather tired of it, and hinted that th������  man was wasting time by asking silly  questions.    .  The butcher, enraged, retorted:  "If I had you in my sausage machine I'd make mince-meat of you."  The candidate turned to him, and  asked gently:  "Is   thy  servant  a   dog  that  thou  shouldst do this thing?"  Corns cannot exist when Holloway**  Corn Cure is applied to them, because  it goes to the root and kills tho  growth.  he wildly  The Suicide  "Farewell,  false    world:"  cries,  And registers despair.  The frightened damsel vainly tries  To grab him by the hair.  Into the rushing tide he flops,  Despite the maiden's squeal.  The operator never stops  Tho progress of his reel.  "loi. did it like a pair of clams!"  The chief yells from the shore.  "Some action to it now, you hams!  ,.Go over it once more!"  Easily Pleased  "But I haven't enough work to keep  an able bodied man like you bus}'."  "Oh. I shan't mind that."  WON'T   MIX  Bad   Food   and  Health Won'  Goor!  Mix  The human stomach stands much  abuse but it won't return good health  if you give it bad food.  If you feed right you should feel  right, for proper food and a good mind  is the safe road to health.  "A year ago I became much alarmed about my health for I began to suffer after each meal no matter how little I ate," says a Western woman.  "I lost my appetite and the very  thought of food grew distasteful, with  the result that I wac not nourished  and got weak and thin.  "My home cares were very heavy,  for D-aide a large family of my own I  have also to look out for an aged  mother. There was no one to shoulder  my household burdens, and come what  might I must bear them, and this  thought nearly drove me frantic when  I realized that by health was breaking  down.  "I read p.n article in the paper about  some one with trouble like mine being helped by Grape-Nuts food and  acting on this suggestion. I gave  Grape-Nuts a trial. The first dish of  this delicious food proved that I had  struck the right thing.  "My uncomfortable feelings in stomach disappeared at if by magic and  in an incn dibly short space of time  I was again myself. Since tl;en I havo  gained 12 pounds in weight through a  summer of hard work and realize I am  a very different woman, all due to the  splendid food, Grape-Nuts." Name  given by Canadian Postum Co., Windsor, Ont.  Read the famous little book, "The  Road to Wellville," in pkgs. "There's  S100   REWARD,   $100  Th������   readers   of   this   paper     will     b������  pleased   to   learn   that   there   Is  at   least  one dreaded    disease    that   science   has  been  able  to' cure in all  Its stages   and  that Is Catarrh.    Hall's Catarrh Cure Is  the only positive euro    now   known   to  the  medical   fraternity.   CtUarrh  being a  constitutional  disease,  requires a constitutional  treatment.    Hall's Catarrh Cure  Is taken internally,  acting directly  upon  tho   blood   a.vO   mucous   surfaces   of   the  system,   thereby   destroying  the   foundation  of the  disease and (jiving the  patient strength by building up the constitution   and   assisting   nature   in   doing   its  ?">%' , 'rh,?    Proprietors   havo   so   much  faith   in   its   curative   powers   that   they  ?ueF 0"e,1Hundred Dollars for any case  that it falls to cure. Send for Hat of tea-  timonials.  Address F. J CHENEY 4, CO., To-  ���������m?' 9> ,,?old^ bv. al1 Druggists, 76a  Take Hall's Family Pills for consupa.  Hon.  She���������It must be great to be a man-  One dress suit lasts you for years and  years and a woman must have a ne\^  dress for every party.  He���������That's why one dress suit lasts  a man for years and years.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, eto.  Permanent prohibition of the sal������  of absinthe and kindred alcoholic beverages in France may be a result ot  the war. Transportation and sale of  absinthe were forbidden when the war  began, but traffic in other intoxicants  was continued. The government has  now supplemented its original order  with another forbidding the sale of  any alcoholic drinks similar to ab-  synthe. There is a marked movement  in all parts of France tending to perpetuate this prohibiton.  The English Vocabulary  There is no accurate or complete  estimate : va-lable of. the number of  words in the vocabularies of the various nations. The English language,  however, is generally conceded to  havo the arges' number of words.  The following figures aro taken from  reliable dictionaries or the various languages and are fr.irly complete: English, 450,000 words; German, 300,000  words; French, 140,000 words; Italian  140,000 words; Spanish, 120,000 words.  ���������New York Tinus  A Pill That Lightens Life.���������To the  man who is a victim of. indigestion  the transaction of business becomes  an added misery. Pie cannot concentrate his mind upon his tasks and  loss and vexation attend him. To suclr  a man Parmelee's Vegetable Pills offer relief. A course of treatment, according to directions, will convince  him of their great excellence. They  are confidently recommended because  they will do all that is claimed for  them.  Two Irishmen shoveling sand on a  hot day stopped to rest and to exchange views on the labor question.  "Pat, this is mighty hard work we  aro at."  "It is indeed, Jimmy, but what kind  of work is it you'd loiko if you could  E-'t it?"  "Well," said the other, leaning reflectively upon his shovel, "for a nice,  atoy, clane business, I think I would  like to be a Bishop."  Minard's   Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  Recruit enters recruiting station,  most anxious o get into Kitchener's  army and determined to accommodate  himself to any conditions as they  arise.  Officer (filling in form)���������What's  your religion?  Zealous recruit���������Well, what aro  you short of?���������Punch.  W. N. U. 1030  ing.    I plunged in the water and re  scued the calf and  the grateful cow' a"~Rt  eon"  licked my hand."     ��������� I     Ever read the above |ett    ? A  , , 1!!at wasn't gratitude,'replied the! one appears from time to time. They  friend.    "The  cow   thought she had | are genuine, true and full   of   human  tv.'ins. ��������� interest.  "Do you think our boy will have any  trouble in passing his examinations?"  asked the mother.  "Don't you worry replied the father. "A boy who can get across a football field the way he tlorts can pass  anything."���������Wa^iinirton   Star.  Sex Hygiene  Dr. O. F. Lydston, world-'fatnoui authority, specialist, leoturer, autdior, haa  written the answer to every question relating to B9X In this book. No man  'should marry who haa not learned .the  lesaoos  it  teaches.  Comiprehonslve, complete, conclusive,  ���������the greatest work on .the subject ever  written.  800 pages of Information that is vital  to you. Avoid the pitfalls of Ignorance,  Every (private dtseaso known .to man  Is described and diagnosed, It* history  ���������given and proper treatment advised.  Complete with H Illustrations, price only  . ������2.0������.  FREE  We will send you absolutely -free a, leaflet  containing complete Information regarding this  remarkable book, glv������  Ing .tables of con ten to,  summary of aufbjeot*  treated In each chapter,  etc.  Judge Ben Lindsay of the Juvenile  Court, .Denver! "1 consider t!h,������ author  ono of tho most competent, If not thn  moat competent, authority In America on  ���������the subject of which the book treats."  Send tho coupon below today for free i,  leaflet. The book Itself will be gent, '  postpaid, In iplain wrapper for $2.00.  AH correspondence Is confidential and  literature ia sent under plain wrapper.  Llvo agents wanted. 3T  TREE COltt'OX  W, r. Burk Distributing Co.,  HO   Vonge   St.,   Toronto,  Please send,   free,  leaflet and information   on   "Sex  Hygiono for   the  Male"   to  Nome,   ��������� ���������  Address     ���������   early and certain relief fa found  for the ailments to which all are  subject���������ailments duo ta defective  or irregular action of the stomach,  liver, kidneys or bowels���������in the  most famous family remedy,  the     world     ha3     ever    known.  are justly famous because they have  proved to be so reliable aa correctives  or preventives of tho Bufferings, dull  feelings and danger due to indigestion  or biliousness. If you will try them  to cbanso your system, purify your  blood, tono your stomach, stimulate  your liver and regulate your  bowel3, you will know why so  many  rely  on  Beecham'a  Pills to  ealtli  Larccst Sal* of Any Medietas in tho Wort&  Sole] everywhere.   In boxes, 25 conta   ^.J  HWJBiftL"!  smsBssm  SSSBBBSSSBBSam  mSSSUBSKSSSB THE   SUN,    JEAND   FORKS,   B.C.  HttbJforkB J^tttt Letter From Salisbury PSains  Da'd Bugbee has receiver)' the ��������� following letter from M. F. Muclge, who  is now at Salisbury Plains with the  first' Canadian contingent:  "I am writing you to thank you for  your kindness in sending rue a little  Christmas present. It cheers one .up  more than you think to know that our  friends back homo,are thinking about  us ub Christmas time. You may be  ure that we have all been thinking  about those whom we left behind   us.  "Since arriving in England we have  Oil}?  G. A. Evans, Editor and Publisher  SUBSCRIPTION BATR8 i  One  Year $1.50  One Tear (in advance) ;'.  1.00  One Year, in United States ...'.  1.50  Address all communications to  The Guano Forks Sun, -  1'honb R74 Grand Fohks, B. C  FRIDAY, JANUARY 22,   19L5  Tiie  people   o������   Columbia are   still  active in their endeavors to secure the  re-establishment   of   their   post office.  They   blame  onr   member at Ottawa,  'Hon. Martin Burreli, for its disestablishment, ' At least,   it   appears   thai  Mr. Burreli has not furnished Deputy  Postmaster-General  Coulter   with   as  muoh information on   the  subject  as  he   might   have   doue.     Mr.  Coulter-  says taat the new post   ollice  is   cen  trally locally between the  two towns.,  Tliis is a   point on winch   Mr. .Burreli  might   have   given  him   more  light  The fact is that most of the citizens of  Columbia,    have    to   go over  a   mile  to post a letter, and some of them are  even    two    miles   removed   froth   tlie  post oflice.    This is a hardship   to the  people of   Columbia, and to  the half  a dozen bueiness (inns of   the town it  is a serious inconvenience.     When the  new rural free delivery system   is  put  - in   operation   nearly every rancher in  the valley will have better mail iacili-  tre.s than the   citizens   of   Columbia.  This doei not JooK like justice   to   the  people of that town. -    -  Mr. Coulter_also makes the contention that the re establishment of the  post office svould establish a precedent  to other towns and cures. We do not  see how an office which has been es-  tablrshed uvor twenty yew's���������fourteen  years of that tune oince amalgamation  ���������jouid be Cited as an innovation of  the present administration.  l'lie tact is that the Columbia post  ollice is a necessity. Its disestablishment at this particular time was a  mistake it did a bigger business,  and served more people, than three  fourths of the post offices rn British  Columbia. Mr. Coulter intimates that  the remedy for the discontinuance ot  the office lies iu city free mail delivery. It will be many years until that  time "arrives; Had the post-office department waited until that time before  discontinuing the office, we venture to  predict that the people of Columbia  would have accepted tlie '-action., with  perfect satisfaction.  Cur justification tor reopening thus  question at this particular tune is the  following paragraph from the agreement of amalgamation betweeu Crand  i'Vrns aud Columbia:  ' "The new city will ruse its influence  for the continuance and maintenance  of independent post offices in tlie east  and west ends of the new city, so as  to afford to each at least the same  facilities as at present."  Some people may regard this as  merely "'a scrap of paper." We think  it is of higher value.  been having rotten weather���������raining  nearly all tbe time���������which wo do not  mind so much no* that we are in  shacks, but when we were, in tents it  was prolty bad, owing to trie fact that,  if you once got wet through it was a  hard job to get dry again. I don't  think, though,; that tho boys minded  that so much as being .kept here instead of being over at the front.  "They say that the reason we are  having so much'rain is due to so much  heaw artillery frriri<r at the front.  "I am glad to hear that the smelter-  has started again, because T expect  by this time-some are beginning to  fee! the pinch of the inactivity they  have been forced into. There is plenty  of work over here for men who have  failed to pass the medical examination,  but- no work for those who have not  tried to pass. -Tho advertisements for  men read something like this: 'Wanted  ��������� Men who have failed to pass for the  army, or1, men who are too old.' So you  see they are practically  forcing   those  who are out of work  to   try    for    the  army.  "Well, Dad, T must   close   now, as  they are just blowing,  'Come   to    the  cookhouse   door,    boys,'   for    supper.  Please remember me to all   the   hoys,  and tell them   a    line from them will.  always be welcome'''  Don't, wait  too-long/to  have -that  reset. .Your-diamond set  while you wait.  "'  . We have a  ���������nice line of  -   mounts in stock now  A, D, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS, B.C.  Jt's generally better to be   a   small  success than a big failure.-  Tiino isn't money; nearly everybody  has more time than money.  Give some men a pointer and they'll  kick because it isn't a setter.  The henpecked   hhsband should rejoice that he isn't a Mormon.  Some   of  us take desperate chances  becouse we have nothing to lose.  Don't eat soup with a fork    if   you  are hungry.  Some people.get a lot of fun  out .of  calling bluffs  - Sometimes a self made   man" makes  a noise like a phonograph  Don't suppose that because   a man  asks you' for advice he wants it.  You may whitewash a man's   character without washing it white.  An epicure says that a   lot . of   divorces eome out of the frying pan.  Has a large  .supply of FEED AND FLOUR on   -   '  ,;    .hand at RIGHT PRICES.  Flour from $2.50 to .$4.00 per 100pounds. \.; ���������    '  Satisfaction guaranteed. ; '""--���������%.   "',.,'  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P.''"(l/BOX 610  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDUUFF  Girls! Try It!   Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  Pope Honors Pat Burns  The pope has bestowed the honor  of ICnight Commander of the Order  of St. Gregory the Great on Patrick  Bums, of Calgary. The recipient  was inve������ted with the insignia of  his rank some days ago by the Roman Catholic bishop of Calgary.  The di.^tidction conferred on Mr.  Burns is the first of the kind presented in Canada, and was given at  the direct initiative of the bishop,  who Uiid before'-the vannan authnri-  tie.-< the-rnanv good .qualities of the  wellknown vvpstern pioneer.  POiNTLD PARAGRAPHS  Love of money is never patonic.  Clocks keep on   working after they  strike.  .Some   men  truthful.  are   too    polite   to be  Tomorrow rhymes.with borrow and  sorrow.  If a man has no friends he   doesn't  deserve them.  The thread of   many   a discourse is  merely a yarn.  Women    with    the most   cheek do  the least blu-liing..  Ji   . ! for heavy hair that glis  ter,:, ���������. .l-l iicuiuy and is radiant with  life; lias an incomparable softness am!  13  fiiifty and lustrous, try Danderine  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immc  diately dissolves every particle oi  dandruff. You can not. have nic  heavy, healthy hrir if you hav  dandruff. This destructive scurf rol^  the hair of its bistro, :ti strength and  its very'lif", and if not overcome it  produces a fevcrishnass and itching of  the scalp; the hair . roots famish,  loos'--- and-die; then the hair falls out  fast -uroly got a 25-cent bottle of  Kno . uon's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it.  The apple packing school is to be  held early in February, and there  are still several vacancies on the  application form. Those wishing to  take this course will hand in their  names and the governmeht fee of  $2 to Walter E   Madden.  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising; "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. Tt begins' very"ge*ntly  at first, but the pull is steady lb increases day by day and year by year,  uniil it exerts an irresistible   power."  THE  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the "Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that o������ its local contemporaries,  ['tis a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, 'and is maintained,, merely ori its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure-sub-  scoribers;',"'-.  '   (I'nMlsIierl Annually)  ��������� tfnaiile*- traders  tliroufrhout   the   world   to  communicate direct with Hnglish  M AN-UFACTTJR ERS ������fc DEALERS  in each class of {roods. Resides beiuir a complete commercial puidc to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  ; EXPORT. M E RCH A NTS  with the Goods they bliip, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets thej' supply:  STEAMSHIP LINES  nrranped under the Ports to which they suil.  mid indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturcis, Merchants, etc., in  tlie principal provincial towns aud Industrial  centres of tho United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be f.ir-  warded, freight paid, on recoinj; of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can udvertise  their trade earcK for So, orlnrger advertisements from $15,  !VE LONDON DIRECTORY, CO., LTD.  2"). Abchuroh Lane, London,'--E C.  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS������:  gulatingr Pill for Women. $5 a box or three for  $10. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt of price. TrtE Scobeli. Drug  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.   PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.  ft-ftE  Vitality; for Nerve and Brain; Increases "grey .  mutter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. $3 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt  of price.������THE Scodell Drug; Co., St. Catharines.  Ontario.  AT-YOU B  SERVICE  Modem; Bigs  and Good;  Horsesfat.All Hours ��������� at;  /  -the;   "  -        ;. -���������  Model Fjivery-Barn  " Burns S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  The Sun, at SI a year, Js superior  to,any 62 a year paper priuteH in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos. to gain new subscribers or to  hold those.we already have.'  Accept no substitutes, but  set the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. ..It  gathers and pi ints   the   news   of the  city and district first.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDOE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand*  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed that lays  persistently.  -YEARLING HENS  FOR SALE.  S. & R. I. RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  GRAND FORKS,  B.C.  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  "    from F.E. Shantz' Oflice, Bridge Street  - Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  perishable freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, THOMAS FIMLEY, Proprietor.  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  VVOODv   AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  They are usually'best  and most satisfactory  in the end.  otmdarys JJest  OTTLE   BEE!  eo������  assie  l^sfiiona n!e  Laches' ;>?.<<] (.jentleme.s's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forts, B. G.  -: a  home product of  eal-  merit.     Get    a  a case today and try it  now.   Ask for  it.  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY  Yale  Barber  Shop  ���������Kazor Honing a Specialty.  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fikst Stiieet.  Hart In flu Hen  All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Goal  Talking to  Buy  Your  Gait C  oai a  ���������low  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Ffrst Street  TKTiKJ'HOSKS!  (>khi:k, Klifi   .  HaNHB.n'H KHHir>ENCK.n.'l8  Our Classified Want Ada. get  right down to the point At luu*.  If you want something say so In  a few woll chosen words. The  Intelligent reader llfcea that kind  of straight-from -the-shoulder-  talk and that Is one reason why  eondensed Want Ads. are so productive of the best kind of  rosults. Whether buying or sailing they will help you.  m  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18 ..  Grand   Forts Transfer  PHONE 129'  Solo Agents for  . Reaming of AH}: Kinds.  Bus' andr Baggage at: All  Trains.',.;.. V. .-'-/.V; ���������/;;,���������:>''���������v.  Mclntyre &  Mclnnis, Proprietors  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.    It i  the brightest paper in the Boundary cou.itr  n ? j������U iriAUUiSuV&CA,^! X*~U W vA^ii. * aJBauut^U J idiHu.������Ui:i<m������^  THE.  SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,. B. C.  OW.  ���������;  More   Victories   Are  "���������  W on by Siege Tac=  tics  Than  by As=  . -saiilts.  - .d^Appfy    thiF  to business  and see what it means:  \.: i It means  tha t con tin up us  ..arid   steady   advertising   is  more   reswtful    than   campaigns   that,   come and  go,  j come.and go, with long inter-  vals in betwaen.   .  For   an   advertiser   with  goods to sell to suspend. his  selling    efforts   now ��������� is   to  ,,,. make, conditions  worse for  himself,   and is   no sign  of  that courage   which- is  supposed    to    possess     eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  . times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  in and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  F  ft  New Weights Law  V The   provincial---.department    of  agriculture and the   British  Columbia Fruit Growers' association   have  issued circulars drawing attention to  recent   amendments   made to   the  Dominion inspection and   sale  act,  passed at-the last session  of   parliaT  ment   and   brought- into effect  on  January   1.    New   regulations   are  established for the whole of  Canada  respecting  flour,   meal,  rolled oats,  rolled   wheat, feed  and  vegetables.'  The   most   important  features are  that   the   weight of the contents of  any hag, sack or package of   any   of  the cereal products must   be   stated  thereon, ami that  uniform   weights  per   budhel   or   bag ~ of  vegetables  throughout 'the   whole   of Canada  have been definitely .established.'  The legislation affects a large  number of producers, and we accordingly reprint the sections in regard to standard 'weights and the  penalties for breaches of the act:  ��������� !'A bushel of; -any .article .mentioned in- this sub-section shall  mean, unless a bushel by measure  is specially agreed upon, that-number of Dominion standard pounds  of such article which is shown in  this subsection opposite the name  of such article:  Description      Weight'in Dominion  of Article. Standard Pounds.  Artichokes.!   06  Beans  60  Beers '.  50  Carrots     50  Onions "    50  Parsnips :   45  Potatoes   60  Turnips ;  50  (In tbe above table items not affecting British Columbia vegetables  are omitted.)  "A-bag of any_article mentioued  in this sub-section shall contain that  number of Dominion standard  pounds of such article' which is  shown in this sub section opposite  the name of such article:  Description ~ Weight in Dominion  of Article. Standard Pounds.  Artichokes  84  Beets   75  Carrots    75  Onions .^.   75  Parsnips    60  Potatoes  90  Turnips '.  75  "Penalties:���������Every person who  sells or offers for sale by the bag  any of the vegetables mentioned in  sub section 2 of section 337 of this  act. shall, in case any bag of such  vegetables sold or offered, for sale by  him does not contain at least the  number of Dominion standard  pounds required by the said subsection, be liable, on summary conviction, to a penalty not exceeding  twenty-five dollars for the first offence, and for each subsequent offence to a penalty not exceeding  fifty dollars"  rest. Now and then I meet Davis  and he says, 'Admiral, we must see  more of each - other as the days go  on. I say ,'ypg,' an_ then Davis  calls at 9 o'clock in .the evening, and  when the servant tells him that I  have retired for the night, he goes  away swearing because-I went -to  bed so early. But I get up ' every  morning at"5 o'clock. I'am a hard  worker,'but I get'plenty "of  sleep."  .-;.i,a, *Jli������Uj i������ GROSS,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Aged Men Stay Young  Admiral George Dewey, who cele  brat^d his seventy-seventh birthday  on. the 26th of last month at his  home in Washington, D. C, in answer to a query what he do������s to  keep so healthy and hearty, said:  "I observe the. ordinary rules of  health, and drink buttermilk. I  read in a foreign paper years ago  that a noted physician of Austria  had discovered that the friendly  bacilli in buttermilk drove out the  bad germs in a person, and I have  been using it ever since." Admiral  Dewey said he bought the friendly  germ in buttermilk in the form of a  prepared liquid. Some buttermilk  does not have the proper germ.  "I am young yet," declared the  noted sea fighter. "I do not intend  to be outdone by my friend and  neighbor, ex Senator Henry Gassa-  way Davis of West Virginia, who.is  ninety-two. Davis comes home  from work at 5 o'clock in tbe afternoon and I ask him why he works  so'late. He explains he bad a great  deal of work lo do, but he quit  early to give the boys in the oflice a  00k   Mother!     If  tongue   ic   coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  Mothers can rest easy after giving  Caiiionna Syrup of Figs/' because in  few hours ail the clogged-up waste,  our bile and fermenting food gently  loves out of the bowels, and you have  ��������� v.-ell, playful child again.  Sic:-: children needn't be coaxed to  Hil:o this harmless "fruit laxative."  -I:llio::.,3 of mothers keep it handy be-  ,-uir.o the- know its action on tiie  lomacu,, liver and bowels is prompt"  :: 1 sure.  .-.3.c you."druggist for a 50-cent bot-  ���������  -���������! 'California Syriip of Figs," which  ���������/.ains directions for babies, children  ' ;iil ages and for grown-ups.  . GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cotton-Lisle  The weekly market will he held  in , the cannery building tomorrow  forenoon.  They,have stood the tost. Qive real fpoL  comfort. No. seams to rip. Never becomes loo������e or baggy. Tho shape'is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for lincncs*, stylo,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  stainless. Will wear (j mouths without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to cvry ow*sending- us .$1.00 in currency  or postal note, to cover ndvorti'inp and  shipping expenses, wo will send pest-paid'  with written guarantee, hacked by :i five  million dollar company, ci hor  3 PAIRS OF OUR 75C,     ALUE  American Silk Hosiery,  OR 4PAinSOFOUR50C.VALUE  Ameiicnn Cashmere Hosiery,  OR  4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-Lisle Hosiery,  OR   6 PAIRS OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, size.and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer in your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  P.  O.  BOX  244  DAYTON, OHIO, U.  S. A.  The morn money a man h?is, the  less he worries about what people  think of him.  The Sun only costs SI a year.     It  prints all the news.  .A   good   conveisionalist   Ints    up  occasionally. _ ,  Say a GOOD Word  It Is wise to say a good  word for yourself or your  business, whether your  stock in trade be merchandise or labor, Want  Ads. are the most direct  line of communication  to j the best buyers.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all -Kinds.  Upholstering  Keiitly  Done.  KAVANAGH & McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  A Glean-Cut  Argument  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively pre-  sented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  6  8  Phone R 74.  :e Sun Print Shop  wmmmmmtmtimmMBt  wmmmmMmammwMmmmmmmmmmmmmmfflMm THE    SUN", "GE^AXD    FORKS,    B. C.  \'l* jA-Hm-tt^vn i wp*  ��������� MIMIIIHI   L1���������  in,.., wi.iwv^fy  ������iszscrr-  WAR CRIPPLES OPERA  You will find relief in Zasri-Bsiic!  H cases iiie burning,'slinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  case. Perseverance, vvKli Zan?������  Buk, means euro. Why not prove  this ?   ���������<*# DruaninUi and Stores.���������  3 ' (Oa box.  ess'  K^^-isrmsS^SSSZa^SSSSS^ssas,  i Many   Prominent   Stars   Are -Serving  j in the Armies  t Tho war is playing havoc with  grand opera in Europe and the man-  , agers are at their wits' ends to get  ���������' male singers, most of whom are serv-  I ing their various countries at the  I front.  1  }}  lETTERs to inbmy couNtR,es!T0RTURE qJF SCIATICA CURED QUICK!  They May be SentThrough Agency of  Neutral   Country  The government has received a  communication from the foreign office  giving the regulations which must be  observed in regard to forwarding letters or, money to British subjects detained in an enemy country. Neither  n iill-g  It is unlikely thai. London will have   letters nor money can be forwarded  An Ancient Prophecy  A  reader  of  the Figaro  communl-l  cates to that newspaper thefollowinj'  prediction, dated 1700, taken, from the  archives of Cautcrots:  "When horseless vehicles run in the  streets:  "When men can gpeak from one end  of the world to the other;  '���������In the year 1914;  "In May there will he talk of war;  "In June it will be decided on;  "In July it will  oo declared; ,  "In August there will be tears in the  syes  of  mothers  and  sweethearts;  "In September hostilities   will continue."  | its usual opera season at Convent Gar-  ! clen next summer, nor will the Beech-  J am Russian season take place.  German impress;:rios are making  bravo attempts to carry on their operatic season. For one performance of  "Parsifal" the principal tenor had to  be requisitioned from the barracks  and sent back to duty afterward.  No child should be allowed to suffer  an hour from worms when prompt relief can be got in a simple but strong  remedy���������Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator.  Up-to-Date Stamps  The postage stamp is always up-to-  date and Cuba gives us the latest  example of keeping up witTi the times.  An entirely new set has just been issued showing on the regular postal  issues a map of the island with lines  maKing the principal steamship connections  with  neighboring  countries.  The special delivery stamp is even  more interesting. It shows an aeroplane of modern type * flying over  Moro Castle at the entrance to Havana'harbor. The stamp is-unique and  should be sought with keen interest  by boy or girl collectors.  Minard's Liniment Co., Ltd.  Gentlemen,���������In-July, 1905, I was  thrown from a road machine, iajuring  my hip and back badly and was obliged to use a crutch for l'-J months.  In Sept., 1906, Mr. Wm. Outridgo of  Lachute urged me to try MINARD'S  LINIMENT, which I did with the  most satisfactory results and today 1  am as' well as ever in my life.  Yours sincerely,  his  MATTHEW   x    BAIN 133  mark  The Sapient Clerk  A learned young woman of Boston  was spending her vacation in a little place in Northern Maine. To the  local book shop of the village she  went one afternoon and made known  ��������� her mental wants to the clerk:  "I should like the 'Letters of Jane  Welsh  Carlyle."  "I beg your pardon, miss," said the  clerk, "but this ain't no post office  Can Only Find Relief by Toning the Nerves  With New Rich Blood  The woman who "flies to pieces"  over the least noise or excitement,  soon fades and loses her good looks.  Dark rings appear under her eyes, the  lines about-her mouth and forehead  deepen and lengthen, the eyes become  sunken, tho face drawn and the complexion sallow.  The  trouble is  nervousness and if  the    strain is    not relieved  and the  nerves    properly nourished,    nervous  collapse  and  years  of sickness  may  easily follow.-   Dr.    Williams'    Pink  Pills for Pale People will save you  from this  dreadful affliction.    These  Pills make the new, rich blood that  nourishes  and  tones  the nerves and  banishes every trace of nervousness.  Mrs. Margaret Donley, Amherst,'N.S.,  says;   "I  believe  Dr.  Williams'  Pink;  Pills saved me from the grave. I was  taken down with nervous prostration,  and for months was unable to walk.   I  slowly recovered until 1 was- able to  go about, but there the improvement  ended.    I    was   getting  weaker  and  weaker until I could just get from the  bed to a couch.   The least noise would  set me trembling all over, and often  when I went to the table I would leave  it   hungry   and    yet   unable    to eat."  Sometimes I was taken with smothering spells and felt as.if I-was going to  die.    At  ether  times  I would-be" so  nervous  that I' could not    hold anything in my hands.    I was doctoring  all the time, but without benefit,' and  finally I made up my mind I would try  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.    They were  the first medicine that gave me any  relief, and I was soon able to take a  short walk.    I continued    using    the  Pills,   gradually  gaining  new  health  and  strength, until I  finally  felt  as  well as ever I did in my life. At the  time Dr. Williams* Pink Pills cured me  I was living in Sackville, and my illness and cure was known to everyone  in    that place,    and my friends, like  mvself,    helieve the Pills    saved my  life."  These Pills are sold by all medicine  dealers or will be sent by mail at 50  cents a "box or' six ��������� boxes'" for. $2.50 by  The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  through the foreign office or the  United States embassy' in London to  individual British subjects abroad.  Private letters to Germany and Austria-Hungary, through neutral countries, are now allowed to bo forwarded  subject to the ��������� usual conditions of  censorship. Letters cannot, however,  be forwarded direct to Germany,.or  Austria-Hungary... British subjects  and others wishing to communicate  with friends in enemy countries must  forward their lotters . through an  agency in a neutral country, and ,cor-  lespondents may select their own  agency. Messro Cook & Son havo  expressed their willingness to arrange  fo.1 the transmission of such letters,  and applications should be made to  them. v  Letters intended for transmission to  enemy countries should be as brief as  possible, should contain nothing but  personal matter, and should if possible be written in the German lan-  I'-age.  Stops the Pain Quick���������Acts  Like Magic���������Is Harmless  and Pleasant  Sciatica is the most severe pain man  can suffer. The great sciatic nerve is-  deeply placed, and you can reach it  only by a pain remedy,-as penetrating  and powerful as NERVILINE..  The glory of Nerviline ' is" in ' its  strength���������in its marvellous power of  penetrating deeply. In severe pains,  such as sciatica and neuralgia, NERVILINE demonstrates its superiority  over every other remedy.  Extraordinary pains, such as rheumatic or sciatica, can he overcome  only by a remedy as extraordinary  as Nerviline. In many lands    it has  shown itself to be the best for littlo  pains, best for big pains, and best for  all pains.  When one has acute rheumatio  pains, stiff joints or a stiff neck, don't  experiment���������seek a remedy that  cures. Like lightning in rapidity, as  sure as fate in-its certainty of relief,  Nerviline can never be surpassed for  tho removal of. pain, no matter what  advance science may make. It is  perfection in its line. Do not. trifle  with ordinary or oily liniments,- us*  Nerviline. Prove its efficacy���������it's the  one liniment that rubs right into -the  core of the\pain.  A large 50 cent bottle will cure the  aches and pains of the whole family.  Trial size, 25 cents.- .Sold by all-dealers everywhere, or the Catarrhozon������  Co., Kingston, Canada.'  STANDS    FIRM   ON    EMBARGO  Renewed Vigor  in  ge  This Letter Brings a Message of Cheer  to the Aged���������Results of Using  Dr. Chase's Nerve   Food  New, rich blood -is what is most  needed in the declining years to keep  up energy and 'vitality.. That Dr.  Chase's Nerve Food is a wonderful  help in maintaining good. health and  prolonging life is-attested by the writer of this letter:  Mr. Stephen J". Leard, North Tyron,  P.E.I., writes: "At seventy-five years  of age my heart gave out and became  very irregular and weak in action and  would palpitate. My nerves also became weak, and I could do nothing  but lie in bed in a languishing condition, losing strength'and weight. In  that -condition - I began using Dr.  Chase's Nerve Food, and am cured.  Had I not obtained this treatment 1  would now be in the box with the roof  over my nose. At eighty-one I have  an energy which means go, and I am  writing this letter so that old people  like myself may prolong their health  a"nd strength by using this great medicine." 50c a box, 6 for $2.50. For  sale by all dealers.  United States Wants to Take Part In  Australia's   Auction   Sales   .  Ambassador Page has reported from  London that Great Britain for the  present is unwilling to' modify the  embargo on the exportation or wool  from Australia. Wool dealers, however, are hoping through the state department to continue negotiations so  as to enable them to participate in the  auction sales soon to be held in Australia.  The British government is understood to have replied to Ambassador  Page that for the present the mother  country would use all the wool raised  in Australia, though when it became  apparent that there would be' a surplus, some arrangement might" bo  made whereby American firms could  obtain'part of the product. The only  condition under which they could get  any wool, however, would be with  guarantees that the product be used  only" in manufacturing goods contracted for by Great Britain.  Flattery  Examining Admiral (to naval candidate)���������Now mention three great admirals.  Candidate���������Drake, Nelson, and���������I  beg your pardon, sir, I didn't quit������  catch your name.���������Punch.  ii  I 'J  "So your' daughter is married ?v  Then you should be a proud woman.  Marriage ennobles the sex. Nothing  can beat a good wife!"  "A bad 'usband can, mister���������an*  she's got 'im!"  The Salt���������Yes, mum, that'c a man-  o'-war."  The Lady���������How interesting; and  what is that little one just in front?"  ���������The Salt���������Oh, tnat's just a tug,  mum."  The Lady���������Oh; yes, of course; tug  of war.   I've heard of them.  For Themselves  ���������You needn't take anybody's word for the superiority of Post Toasties���������  Get a package from your  Grocer, pour some of the  crisp, sweet flakes into a dish,  add cream or milk, and a  sprinkle of sugar if you wish.  Then be the judge of  . Answered at  Last  A Swede was being examined in a  case in a Minnesota town where the  defendant was accused of breaking a  plate glass window with a large  stone. "He was pressed to tell how  big the stone was, but he could not  explain. ,  "Was it as big as my fist?" asked  the nervous judge, who-had taken  ofter the examination from the lawyers in the hope of getting some  results. ���������  . "It bane bigger," the Swede replied.  "Was it as big as my two fists?"  , "It bane bigger."  "Was it ...s big a>, my head?"  "It bane about as long, but not so  thick!" replied the Swede, amid the  laughter of the court.  The Superior  Corn   Flakes  ���������made from the hearts of the  finest Indian Corn, skillfully  cooked, seasoned, rolled and  toasted.  Toasties are not ordinary  "corn flakes," so remember  when you want Superior Corn  Flakes to ask your* grocer for  POST TOASTIES  Canadian Postum Cereal Co., Ltd.,  Windsor, Ont.  Wise and experienced mothers  know when their children are troubled  with worms and lose no time in applying Miller's Worm Powders, the most  effective vermifuge that can be used.  If is absolute in clearing the system  of worms and restoring those healthy  conditions without which there can be  no comfort for the child, or hope of  robust growth. It is the most trustworthy of worm exterminators.  Atrocity   Stories  It is a matter of justice to say that  the certain and authenticated accounts  by known competent, witnesses  show humanity and kindness on the  part of the combatants, both Germans  and the allies. War begets not only  horrible things but a nervous state of  mind that originates and is credulous  of stories of horrible things. That  there is .some reality of fact and a  wide range of fancy as to "atrocities"  is probably true of all wars. It is to  the glory of human nature if on the  whole it does not frequently abuse  the ruthless opportunity and license  of  war.  None the less savage deeds seem  to have been done, and these are not  disproved by the evidence of a more  merciful spirit today.���������New York  Sun.  Wretched   From  Asthma Strength  of body and vigor of mind are inevitably impaired by the visitations oi  asthma. Who can live under the  cloud of :ecurring attacics and keep  body and mind at their full efficiency?  Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy  dissipates the cloud by removing the  cause. It does relieve. It does restore the sufferer to normal bodily  trim and mental happiness.  THE JOHN IGL1S CO,  LIMITED  ENGINEERS & BOILERMAKER?  Minard's  Liniment Cures  Garget in  Cows. "-.'.  When Ethel was five years old she  went to school ofr the first time.  "How do you like your teacher,  Ethel?" asked her mother.  "Well, mamma, I don't think the  teacher knows very much."  ���������'Why not, my dear?"  "Why she keeps asking questions  all the time?"  Engines of all kinds,  Boilers of all  kinds,     Plumbing  Machinery,  Tanks,  Heavy Flate  Work,  etc.���������  Write for prices. -  14 STRACHAN AVE.,  TORONTO.  CANADA  What about your wife and children ? Will they  dress well after you are gone? Will your children  be educated ?   Have a talk to-day with an agent of  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE  CO,  OFFICES:���������Winnipeg,    Edmonton,   Saskatoon,  Vancouver.       Ag-enta Wanted.  J  The   Tact   of Old   Sam  The stout lady struggled with difficulty into the railway carriage.  "Ah," she gaspe!. "That door might  ha' been made by 'Old Sam.' "  She paused for breath, and then  proceeded to explain:  "You see Old Sam was one of them  chaps 'oo'd got on. Went from a  three and six cottage to a big 'ouse.  But 'is missus wasn't used to a big  'ouse, and spent all 'er time in kitchen wi' t' servants. Old Som didni  like this, but 'e never argued wi' women. Now, she was stout, like me.  So he takes her away to Blackpool,  and while they was away he'd the kitchen wi' t' servants. Old Sam didn't  vants could get in and out, but not the  missis.    That did 'er, that did."  " 'E'd what I call tact," said a man  opposite.  And all sat lost in admiration of the  tactfulness of Old Sam.  "Antwerp's Cathedral  Antwerp cathedral is the largest  and most beautiful Gothic in the  Netherlands, with a roof supported by  125 pillars, and an exquisite spire -10.-!  feet high, in which hangs a splendid  carillon of bells, ''he interior is enriched by Reuben's three masterpieces  tho- "Descent from' the Cross," the  "Elevation of the Cross," and "The  Assumption." Near by, in the Place  Verte, is the statue of Reubens in  bronze, the figuro being 13 feet, mounted on a pedestal 20 feet in height.  Next to the cathedral the Hotel de  Ville is the chief architectural feature  of Antwerp, close to which are the  famous sixteenth century guild houses  belonging to the different corporations  of the city. The Hotel de Ville was  built in 1564, and is replete with priceless tapestry, furniture, sculpture and  paintings. Jn the Grand Place, on the  west si.le of which the hotel stands,  is one of the most interesting bronze  fountains in Europe. It is surmounted  by a statue of Salvius Brabo, a mythical hero, who defeated and cut off the  hand of the giant Antigonus. The  hitter used to exact a heavy toll from  vessels entering the Scheldt, and ruthlessly cut off and threw into the river  a hand of every shipmaster who refused to pay. Hence, says the legend,  tlie name of the town, Antwerp, from  hand werpen���������werpen meaning to  throw.  ��������� FAR ME R S  BARL^Yya8r,Tac.eA8vreK0f':Ett,!,B *ha.-hFflhe������t.prices for WHEAT, OAT8,  AND PORT APT������n'nby !,hl������P,-a t^'r Ca,r 'Ota to FORT WILLIAM  and. PORT ARTHUR and having them sold on commission by  THOMPSON   SONS   AND   COMPANY,  THE WELL-KNOWN   FARMERS' AGENTS.  ADDRESS   701-703   V.,   GRAIN   EXCHANGE, WINNIPEG.  . 'His Fiancee���������Tell me, Count, why  do you always kiss my left hand?  The Count���������You are left handed,  are you not?;  His Fiancee-r-Yes.  Tho Count���������Then that is ze hand  with which you sign ze cheques, is u  not?  Two deacons once disputing about  a proposed new burying ground, one  remarked: "I'll never be buried in  ground as long as 1 li.  ."  "What an obstinate man!" said the  other.    "If my life is spared, I will."  Beware so long as you live of judging people by appearances.���������La Fontaine.  W. N. U. 1030  "Could I he indicted as a trespasser  for fishing in these waters?"  "No; but you could be hindited as a  loonatic,"  "And ���������vhy?"  "Cos   t'.ere   ain't  no    fish  g'iv'no' '  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dusland Wind  uickly relieved by Murine  ye Remedy. No Smarting,  -,       ���������,       .  .     just Eye  Comfort.    At  Your Druegiat'B 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  there,, SalvcinTubcs25c. ForBookof IbeEycFrecask  . Druggists or Murine Eye Bemedy Co., CMca$-  THE IMPERIAL GIL  COMPANY, LIMITED,  a Canadian corporation with  over three thousand employees, is manufacturing and  distributing refined oils, gasolines and lubricating oils in  Canada for Canadian trade.  With its two large refineries  ���������at Sarnia, Ont., and Vancouver, B.C.���������and its five  hundred and twenty-nine  branches throughout the Dominion, it offers to, the Canadian public the facilities for  securing the best grades of  Canadian-Made petroleum  products at the lowest prices. nW2*iiUJ^uatAy4JL,^a^iwui-jJUjaJua^7-i.tB.-������E.  ���������9j.au:  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  ���������J  THE  WORLD  FAMOUS  KRUPP  WORKS   AT   ESSEN  A Gigantic Organization that Employs  Forty Thousand  Workmen���������Has Sixty Factories and Forty Miles tff Standard  Railway Lines  The present war has as yet brought tion'of its.foreign visitors is character-  lortb. no great figure among the Ger  man armies in the field. Von Moltke  has yet .to prove himself the peer of  his famous ancestor. Yon Moltke and  ,Von Hindenburg, efficient generals  though they may be, have displayed  ' no pre-eminent qualities such as  would range them beside their great  forbears, Blumenthal or Von der  Tann. Yet tbere is one German name  " that, since the outbreak of the war���������  jtnd for'many years past whenever the  German army has been mentioned���������  has been constantly on men's lips.  That is Krupp's." ,,   '  Over-sanguine as. .men are in'the  first flush of relief after a period of  acute suspense people are already  wondering how far the world famous  Krupp works at Essen are distant  from the line of advance of the Allied  armies. If airmen could sally out and  "-destroy the vast hive of industry  which has given Germany her mighty  ������ siege guns, her deadly field pieces,  ber innumerable quick firers!  Krupps has been* called the army  nnd navy stores of the nations. Essen  Is Krupp's; Krupp's is Essen. The  erstwhile little Westphalian town has  become one gigantic factory, dominated by the genius of this one family  whose three generations built up the  greatest cannon and armor industry  the world has ever seen. Looking  down on the town from one of the  pleasant wooded heights on which Alfred Krupp planted the colonies for  aged or disabled veterans of industry,  one sees a fores: of tall chimneys and  dozens of.huge, lofty workshops mar-  Bhalled like forts all round the habitations of men. On a nearer approach  one discovers that some sixty factories  make up this gigantic organization.  Forty miles of standard railway links  them together and carry their products abroad to the great world, and  thirty'miles of narrow-lines are required as auxiliary for the shops. From  the distance resounds the dull boom  of the guns from-the testing ranges at  Meppen, where artillerymen, year in,  year out, are trying new weapons or  experimenting with the resistance of  armor plate. - ''*  Forty thousand men, with 4,000 officials-make up the*'staff of this maze  of factories and workshops in normal  times. One- can well believe how The  staff has been increased in these anguishing days of war,.when every German, great and small, realize that  the future of his empire largely defends on the power and number of  guns which Krupp's can place at the  disposal of the armies of Germany and  her Austrian ally. Besides this army  corps of workmen at Essen, Krupp's  have 10,000 miners digging the earth  for coal in the firm's German collieries; 15,000 hands at the rolling  mills of Annen and Gruson, and the  blast furnaces 'of Itheinhausen, Duis-  burg, Neumied, and Engers; about 7,-  000 workmen at the firm's shipbuilding  yard, the Gcrmania, at Kiel; and 5,000  ore miners in Spain. It is symptomatic  of the immense" importance attached  by the German General Staff to the  continuance, of wor?: at Krupp's at the  highest pressure that the general commanding the Rhine" district has expressly refrained from calling up the  Landsrturm in order that the great national work may proceed unimpeded  In the Rhenish industrial region where  JTrupp's is thj leading concern.  The   private   hotel -maintained   by  the firm at Essen for the acconimoda-  istic of the international character of  the Dusiness done ty Krupp's. Here, in  days of peace, one met representatives  of every civilized nation sent by their  governments to this .international arsenal to purchase the arms of war cr  the implements of peace. For half the  Krupp works at Essen are devoted tb  what in normal times seems to be the  peaceful work of commerce, but what  in war time is an indispensible adjunct to the armies in the field. All  that can be made of steel for railways  is constructed here���������wheels, axles, engine parts, and rails. At Essen the  r-erman- liners, now the ruurderous  commerce destroyers .of the Atlantic  and Pacific-and Indian .oceans, receive  the huge castings for sternpost and  stem and crank shafts, and are furnished with piates and frames. Fine  steel, for' tools, the spades and picks  of troops entrenching themselves, and  a dozen other varieties proceed from  Essen.  But the foreigner, however impeccable his. recommendations and references',- only sees-a:; much of Krupp's  as the firm will let him. Foreign military courtesy" which is" the rule exquisite courtesy which-is the rule of  this famous house, have seen the high  hopes built up on. the warmth of their  welcome dashed to the ground when  it has come to seeing oyer the workshops. They are hurried past here  and hurried past there, and finally  leave with a vague sense of vastness  and method, hut conscious of having  signally failed to penetrate into the  secrets of the concern. A good example of the secrecy wherewith  Krupp's" manage to envelop their affairs is seen in, the huge siege guns,  the calibre of which rumor puts as  high as 16 in., with which the- Germans battered down the forts of Liege  and Namur.  It was to-make a finer steel that  Peter Friedrich Krupp, the founder of  the firm, a penniless inventor, experimented so painstakingly and so long a  century ago. He discovered the secret  of the crucible, but could not find how  to cast steel blocks. At"his death His  boy, Alfred, then fourteen years of  age, took up the work with faith and  pertinacity, and on .the development of  the principle built up the present vast  organization. It was intsllect and  science applied to business that won  him the victory. When all the money  was swallowed up in experiments with  crucible steel he hit upon a new principle for a roller which brought him in  money for further experiments, and in  time the secret was discovered. In the  'forties he wanted to make cannon of  cast steel but failed. Then his inventiveness came to his help again  and patented a money making process  for turning out weldless railway tyres.  It made the millions which were spent  in developing the works and in making  the cannon which eventually came into their own in the Franco-Prussian  war.  Though it is a joint stock company  in which practically all the shares are  owned by Frau Krupp von Bohlen and  Halbach, the only child of the late  Alfred Krupp, the third proprietor,  and her husband, the present managing director'of the works. . Krupp's is  regarded by every patriotic -"German  as a national possession.-/; While  Krupp's exists Germany will stand.  That is thi. firm belief of every member of this nation in ar���������is.  STORIES  FROrv? THE   FRONT  Duchess    Watched     Over    Wounded  Soldier  We were in the trenches a'nd the  Germans were advancing, relates a  wounded lancer now in hospital.  A shell struck. my horse and tore  her to bits. I only got a Bcratch, on  the hand, but as she fell my knee got  crushed, and so I've been sent home  ���������j >r rv. hi*-. . . '  The way ihe German infantry  came on was magnificent. You  could see nothing but a steady<��������� flood  of greenish-grey uniforms. The  English shells burst in their faces  and you could see men falling for-  ���������\-anl .in heaps, but those behind  climbed over them and still kept  pressing on. )  All their attacks were in dense  formation, and the-execution done by  the English rifles was hideous.  One lesson of the campaign so far  is "Don't take cover under trees."  It is better to have a clean wound  than a bullet wound with splinter.!  of wood in addition. It is- surprising  how little notice men take of wounds  when they are first hit. , ���������  While we were lying in the trenches  we occupied ourselves singing all the  comic songs we could remember. In  the middle of one hof German attack  we were singing "Hitchy Koo." Before we were half through the chorus  the man next me got a wound in the  upper part of his arm.  -. But he sang the chorus to the finish, and did not seom to know he was  hit till a comrade on the other side  said, "Don't you think you better  have, it-hound up? It's beginning to  make a mess."  The food was. excellent. You can  reckon that about 6.30 every evening  our army is sitting down to a. good  hot meal���������at least, that was so all  the time I was "out there.  If was different with the Germans.  Some of'the prisoners told us they  had to subsist for days on porridge  made from crushed corn taken from-  the fodder.  The conduct of the British officers  in the field has been extraordinarily  fine. The "way they have looked after their men, too, has been splendid.  No one will run down the English  aristocracy, long in my hearing.  During part of the time I was in  hospital I was looked after by the  Duchess of Suf --/land. There was  one poor fellow in terrible agonies  in a bed near, and the Duchess did  all she could for him and was at his  bedside when he died.  LITTLE RESPECT FOR BRITISH FLEET BEFORE WAR  Have now Realized that our Fleet is a Factor whose Power they  Had Underrated, and that Britain's Grip on German  Sea Commerce is Complete  "That Confounded Order"  .   A graphic account of the'lighting  at iMons is given in a letter by Private Holohan, Royal Irish .Regiment,  now in Netley Hospital.  The battle opened on us at-about  twelve midday. There was no trench  of any description that we could  get into. We-lay there for about  half ah" hour, and then advanced until the German infantry opened fire  "'oTTlfs'aTT*distance of about 1,200  yards. We waited until- they came  within 800 yards, and then, opened  (ire on them which' was merciless.  They fell^ in rows, the same as a  machine cutting hay, but the German lire was absolutely useless. Then,  when we were about to make a  charge, that confounded order came to  retire. Immediately after there came  a shower of shrapnel which was awful to witness, but the retirement was  carried out without as much as a man  running.  Queen Victoria and Belgian Neutrality  The following passage from a letter  addressed by Queen Victoria to the  king of the Belgians has not yet been  quoted at present. The letter is dated  Buckingham Palace, February 12,  1856.   Queen Victoria writes:  "With respect to your answer respecting your neutrality, and the possibility of your being obliged, to brouk  it,-1 must repeat.that I see no possibility or eventuality that could oblige  you to do so. Belgium, of its own accord, bound itself to remain neutral,  and its very existence is based upon  that neutrality, ..which-the other powers have guaranteed and are bound to  maintain if Belgium keeps her erj-pge-  ments. I cannot at all see ho?" you  could even entertain the question, tor,  as I just said, the basts of the ������:si-  ence of Belgium is her neutraZ^r."���������  British Weekly.  How German Trenches Were Flooded  The great canai system from Ca.ais  ���������Dunkirk to the Scheldt at Bouchain  ���������connects al the towns in the North  of France and form:; a continuous  water line parallel with the frontier,  rendering military operations very  difficult, especially between Aire and  the coast. :  The main canal extends from Bouchain > on the Scheldt to Aire on the  Lys river, and thence through St.  O-ner to the coast. Every inch ~f  the geography of this part of France  is, of course, known . by heart, by  every member of the German general staff. ,  The'canals themselves arc not formidable military obstacles, but the  inundations which can be created by  using their waters add considerably  to the di.ficulties of moving large  bodies of troops about this area, and  as lias been proved already can assist materially in clearing the country of undesirables.  The    flooding    of    the    Gorman  trenches,   and   that in  cold   weather  had no little to do with bin .erlng the  projected   march   to  Calais,"'"on   the  way to London."  -     "Victoria  Crosses"  for Three  Three noble, fearless men of L battery, Koyai Horse Artillery have  been recommended for the Victoria  Cross. These '. are Battery Sergt.-  .Major . Darrell, Gunner Darbyslnre,  ana Driver Osborne.  When their battery was surprised  near Compiegne by a strong force of  Germans with ten field guns and two  Maxims, only three oi the British  guns could be brought to bear on  the enemy, and two of these weva  suenced after some of the Genua-:  guns had been put out of action.  Tho last gun was heroically served  by the remaining few officers and  men of the battery, who were killed  or seriously wounded one by one until D-.rrell; Darbyshire ana Osborne  were left. r..  Although wounded, these three men  continued to fire the one remaining  gun until all but one of the German  guns had been silenced. When they  were relieved it was found that the  German gunners had suffered terrible losses and abandoned all their  guns.  L Battery's damaged guns are being refitted and tire battery and ammunition column of ..which only 125  men remained, are being brought up  to their normal strength of over'iSOO  men. When this is done they hope to  return to the front. : ���������-��������� .  A journalist who is particularly well  Informed with regard to naval affairs  is Mr. Hector C. Bywater, who, for  some years was in Berlin, correspondent of the Navy, the organ of the  Navy League, and of the Naval and  Military Record. In the latter paper  he not.long ago made some interesting remarks upon tho German attitude towards the British navy. He  first commented upon the exploit of-  the British submarine E9 in sinking  the German destroyer S126 and continued:.  German papers recently to hand  have contained allubions to the British navy which ��������� read somewhat  strangely -when contrasted with German press utterances on the same subject before the war. We are now  given to understand that the enemy  entertains a wholesome respect for  our fleet. The events of the last two  months - appear to have convinced  them that there may after all, be  something In the fighting tiadi'.ions of  the British sea service,- which they  had been assured by their "experts"  were  largely  based  on  legend    and  army are doing al the work while they  remain absolutely idle.  One of the most widely held opinions in Germany before me war waa  that the British navy was a tnoroughn  ly effete institution. H'vtae alter timts  it has been the writer's duty to record  in these columns statements by prominent Germans which showed how  completely they believed this to be  the case. To take the material first,  every type of vessel'in the British  navy from the super-Dreadnought, to  submarine, was subjected to the.most  'seathing criticism by German wise*  ac-ies. Our ships t^vre ill designed,  badly built, unstable and unseawore  thy, owing principally to the absence  of scientific methods in naval desigt  and the decadence of the British worie-  man. Our guns were of very Inferior  quality, inaccurate, and short iived,  while the very.last issue of "NaUt-  cus,"- published in July, contained an.  article in which British gunnery methods were treated with superciliouo  contempt. It wa3 the personnel, however, which these critics professed t������  consider   responsible   for tho alleged  Avenged   His  Pal  Summary vengeance for the killing  of a pal'taken;':by '"Private 'Sidney  Smith of the-1st Warwickshires who  was wounded.at Mons, but has now rejoined his regiment, is told in a letter  in which he stated: "Come on now,  lads, said our officer, and we went  running on as haru as we could. We  had got to take the hills, you see, cr  smash the Germans that were on it.  : At last we got quite near���������not 150  t yards from the trenches. I and two  pals of mine and two others got behind a hedge and started to blaze  away. We lost our sick feeling then.  There was one chap got hit in the face  with a shrapenl bullet. 'Hurt, Bill?'  I asked him". 'Good luclcto tlie old  regiment,' says he. Then lie rolled  over on his back. There was a grey  German helmet over the side of the  trench with a rifle under it. I let  that German have a bullet all to himself. I sa< ��������� his helmet roll back and  his rifle fly up. Then I got on my  knees to bandage up a pal, and just as  I moved there was a smash on my  side. They'd got me, too, aud I rolled  over and thought I was done for.''  myth. A great change in the Jone of f decline of British naval power. Certain amiable writers, who were "supposed to know the sentiments of German naval officers, were wont to assure us that these gentlemen had a  high respect for the personnel character and professional attainments of  the British naval officer. Such, however, was not the impression one gained from a perusal of German service  literature, in which our officers were  uniformly set down as lacking in that  zeal for hard work and the purely  professional side of their duties which  were held to distinguish the German  "seeoffiziere." As for,the men, they  were mercenaries who had taken to  the sea because they were not much  good for anything else. Drunkenness  was rife among them, and Insubordination frequent, with the result that  discipline was at a low ebb, and the  war. training of; the fleet suffered' in  consequence.  Much as we may smile at these  views, the fact-remains that they were  commonly shared by the vast majority of intelligent Germans, and, there  is reason to believe, by many high  naval authorities in Berlin. The prevalence of such-opinions helps to explain the supreme confidence with  which the Germans looked forward to  an encounter with Great Britain.  They, knew their fleet to be much  smaller, but they really believed the  superior skill and devotion of their  personnel together with the incomparably finer ships they manned,  would achieve victory in tho teeth of  heavy odd3.  As we have said, Heligoland came  as the first rude shock to this characteristic self-complacence. Other  events followed, minor in themselves,  but all pointing the same way. Meanwhile it must have been brought home  to the meanest intelligence In the  Fatherland that Britain's grip on the  German sea commerce is remorselessly complete. With the exception of  some good work by its submarines,  the "successes" of the German navy  to date have been of the negative  order. ���������'-���������������������������  their press comment set In after the  fight of Heligoland. The consummate  skill, dash and courage which distin-  gushed the conduct of th^tt engagement obviously came as an eye-opener  to the Germans. We may be sure that  later events at sea, including the samo  exploit of E9 has deepened the same  salutory impression. Even the leading  German papers now admit that the  Fatherland must; look to the land  campaign both for its laurels and substantial successes,, as the prospect at  sea is not encouraging. In a word,  they are beginning to realize that the  British fleet is a f.ctor whose power  had been grossly underrated, and it  is clear from their guarded admissions,  that they have no great confidence.in  the ability of the German navy to mini its much advertised mission of protecting the commerce and the colonies  of the Fatherland. It may:be remarked, in .passing, that unless it does  something and that ^ery soon, the German navy will sutler a severe loss of  pre; tige in Germany itself. German  patriots, we may .well imagine, are already beginning to ask; themselves  what return they are getting; for th3  enormous expenditure on naval armaments during the last fourteen years.  It is literally true that up to the  present this great fleet has been utterly powerless to affect the course of  the campaign in any direction whatever. It has perhaps prevented a hostile landing on the German coast, but  this elementary form of coast defence  could have been equally wel] undertaken by small flotillas costing but a  fraction of what the High Sea Fleet  has cost. Indeed the reliance which  has always been placed on shore batteries and minefields proves that the  navy Was never intended for coast defence in the narrow sense of that  term. Sooner or later the German public will demand some decisive action  by the fleet. Whether the hands of  the navy^department could be forced  by public opinion is another question,  but the officers and men of the fleet  cannot be feeling very happy in the  knowledge that their comrades of the  '-- '  '---    ''   '    ��������� ��������� '   .     " ' '    K  .Writing of the generous treatment  accorded prisoners from the Koenigin  Luise, Albe Seaman Gibb", of H.M.S.   , Surbiton Hill, says:  One chap was a typical German.  He was perklvetl when we got him  aboard, but willing hands soon restored .circulation. We stripped his  white clothes- off and rubbed him  down with rough towels, and gave  him brandy, and some of our own  clothes. He. fed and- lived with us,  and was real sorry, when ho left  us. He said he did not know what  they were fighting about, but remarked "Kaiser," significantly tapping his  forehead. That seems to be everybody's opinion.  Thought His Tims Had Come  Wounded at Le Cati'au after his  regiment had been in action an hour,  Private Fred Hutchinson of the King's  Own Hoyal Lancaster Regimert, who  has arrived at his home in Openshaw,-  Manchester, tell;; of a harrow escape  he had.,  Our regiment was taken by surprise  by the Germans, who were waiting for  us entrenched, after letting the Gordon. Highlanders make good their retreat. We were about to have breakfast after an all night march when  the enemy opened fire. It had been  raining heavily, and I was wearing my  overcoat in which afterwards I found  six bullet holes. My tunic was pierced*  and torn at the left elbow, and the  bcllet which struck me cut three holes  in my jersey and came out at the  shoulder.     I   thought,   my   time  had  Fourteen Year Old  Hussar    ,.-���������>  ��������� Tin title of youngest soldier in,the  Allied armies, says a correspondent,  must, I think, belong to .-'Albert  Schuffrenkes, who was born at Bel-  fort on May 8, 1900.  He is attached to a French cavalry division. The sergeant called him  from the field where he was practis;  ing jumps on a big horse. He came  into the stables���������a jolly little yeoman, solid, straight, and staunch,  and very erect m nis loose fitting  uniform of red and blue.  His first war experience was early  in August, when a company of infantry asked to be guided through  his native wood of Kougemont, near  Belfort. Albert not only guided  them but went on and was present at  tlie taking of Mulhousc, carried a  rifle, wore a uniform, and shot not a  few Germans.  After that lie transferred himself  to an artillery regiment, but "the  Prussians were too far away," and  coming ^westward, he fell in with a  regiment of hussars.  The hussars are still talking about  the part he took in a bright li'.tle  skirmish with a Uhlan patrol, in  which he became the "owner' of four  riderless hoi'3?s.  "Were you not afraid?" I asked  him, "when you found yourself under fire.'" "Afraid? Why be afraidV"  he answered in a manner half-fierce,  half amazed, as if it was the first  time he had thought about it at c.U.  "Our officers," said his sergeant,  "are taking him in hand a.icl he will  be taught to ride and jump���������in fact,  all the science of the Saumur school.  Then he will go back into tlie fighting  line."  VALUE OF AREOPLANES  A correspondent introduces a piece  of poetry to the editor of an American newspaper in these unpunetuuled  words:  "The following linoa were written  fifty years ago by one who for many  years slept in ris grave Just for  amusemen*  French Airmen . Drove the Germane  Away  The veil over the doings of the  French airmen has been lifted. Now  comes a letter from a famous a via*  tor, who was recently decorated for  gallantry at the front, which shows  that the French flyers have put in  good work, even if little is heard  of it.  "I have been working with the artillery," he writes, "since the beginning of Septem! er. One day I succeeded in surprising a German division sneaking up to steal a march  on us. They were well within the  range of tlie guns, to which I signal'  | led. Five minutes afterward that dU  vision was   nothing    but a heap    of  I mangled corpses. We came upon  them the day after, and our men advanced,  we counted more than four  j thousand killed.  I "1 do not know what our gunnery  : would do without the help of the  j aviator. Minus aeroplanes, they  i would be simply wasting time and  ! ammunition most of the time, where-  ; as we aro able to rcgulato their shots  to a hair's breadth, as you might  ; say."  I     Paris  has just learned  that it es-  j caped another Sunday raid    only by  j reason of tlie ceaseless patrol of its  | aviators.    They had  a  terrible  time  I for   at   the  height    at    which   they  patrolled,  they  were  blinded  by  terrific  hail    and  snowstorms,    or else  had to grope their way through thlclf  f-B.  When tho Germans saw the preparations made to meet them, they  turned tail. The Paris patrol wafi  kept up till night; and ono aeroplan*  only escaped collision with th������  church of the Sacre Coeur by a yanj  or two, having lost its bearings ia  the fog.  ">  T,  Sillicus���������Do you think marriag*  improves a man?  Cynicus���������Sure, if you don't believf  it, ask your wife. THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS, , B. C.  ���������in  S':Jf'l  ii :  !' !  ilS  US OF THE CITY  H. C. Kerman has donated a $250  diamond ring, containing seventeen  diamonds, to be raffled off for the  benefit of the relief funds.' The  tickets will be$l, and tne proceeds  will be divided as follows���������$25 to  the Daughters of the Empire for  local relief work, $50 to the Canadian patriotic fund, and the balance  to the Belgian fund. The ring is a  beauty, and has valued at $250 by  Morrison the Jeweler.  menced to harvest th'eir ice supply  for next summer. The creamery will  be operated in the- cannery building.  A rink from- the Grand Forks  Curling club composed of W. J.  Mclntyre, N. L. Mclnnes, Wm.  Bonthron and O. G. Dunn left for  Nelson on Tuesday to take part in  the aunual bonspiel of the British  Columbia Curling association.  As far as known, no preparations  have yet been made by the local  Scotchmen for the obssrvance of the  anniversary of the birth of Bobby  Burns,. Scotland's national bard,  which occur next Monday.' The  numerous'Scotch orators in this-city  will either be compelled to put  their oratorical gems in safety vaults  for another twelve months or engage  a private audience. As far as we  are personally concerned,*1 we love to  talk when poets and Scotch furnish  tbe inspiration.  August Schnitter is at Halcyon  endeavoring to find relief from a severe attack of rheumatism.  .Two pianos, imported by two.mer.  chants of this city to bcgiven away  in coupon advertising contests, were  Tenders for Wood  The new creamery company on  Saturday started to erect their ice  house, back of tbe steam laundry  building, and on Mouday they com-  SEALED TENDERS will be received by the unyersigned up to,  and including, January the twenty-  seventh, 1915, for supplying fifty  cords green wood, four foot length,  split fir or tamarack. Wood to he  delivered and piled at the Central  School as and where directed.  Tenders to state time of delivery  The lowest or an tender not neces  sarily accepted. -  ���������  Dated at Grand Forks, B. C, Janu  ary the fourteenth, 1915.  GEO   H. HULL,  Secretary.  sold at auction for freight charges at  the Great Northern station lastMon-  dgy afternoon. They brought a little over a hundred dollars each. It  is reported that the shippers will  commence an action for the cost of  the pianos.  Charles Cl&rk, who has been  working for Robert Lawson for a  couple of years, has accepted a position with the Granby ,company in  Phoenix,  The Milt for Your Baby Mu^t be Glean,  Sweet and Pure  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  Mpw Harriet and do a11 kinds of  ncw  H������*riieto harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  /\������  *i������ws;  . ..SSLBS  ROBINHOOD  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  We  Robin Hood Family"  Robin Hood Flour  tt  tt  Oats  (t  tt  Porriage Oats  tt  tt  Ferina  tt  ft  Graham  tt  fl  WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  cy4.ll Its Branches  dp  Boundary^ Trust CEb  Investment Co., Ltd.  Established 1901  First Street  A. R. Brewer, of Danville, president of the American Land. Development & Manufacturing company,  was in the city on Wednesday.; Mr.'  Brewer stated "that he had secuared  contracts for'installing two current  motor power "plants' forirrigating  purposes at Midway. The plants  are to be completed :by the middle  of March.        .���������-- .. , '       '    *  A letter received in this city on  Wednesday from Perov Taylor, who.  is now at ��������� Salisbury Plains with the  first contingent, states-that the mem  hers of the contingent expected to  reach the firing line by the 15th of  the present month, and that they  entertained hopes of marching into  Berlin about the middle of June,  The post office department is ad  vfrtising for tenders for the contjact  to carry his majesty's mail on the  rural. free delivery route No. 1,  which runs from this city to Carson,  on the south side of the river, the  return trip to be made by way of  Fraehe Bros.' greenhouses on this  side the river.  B; C. MILK is recommended and  used extensivelyas a food'for in-,  fants. The- reason is this: It, is  Ciean, Sweet and Pare���������always  ready for use. For infants it  should be diluted with from two  to eight parts of boiled water,  arcording to ~ age. It has tlie  Natural Flavor' of- Pure, Ilich  Cream.  mm/m/mm  All the hotel licenses in this city,  and the license of the .Grand Forks  Family Liquor Store, were renewed  last Friday.  James Rooke left last Wednesday  for Victoria, where he will attend  the twenty fifth annual meeting . of  British Columbia Fruit Growers'  association, of which he is an  officer.  torn has' been put.in. Live advertisers are going after the new business,  new markets, new fields made possible  by this great and unfortunate war.  Just as modern methods \>f warfare  will add new efficieucy, new features  to this war, so modern -methods of  sellrdg���������through r>-al advertising and  merchandising���������will add new effic  iency to the commercial effort sec in  motion by the war.  American manufacturers  have dis  covered that owing to the shutting off  of German exportations ���������'lie}'   have   a  brand new market at their   doors   for  such commodities as chemicals, drugs,  medicines, copper and    manufactures,  cotton goods, earthen stone and china-  ware,    glass     and     glassware,    malt  liquors, spirits, wines,   silk   manufac  ures,   fruit   and    nuts, gloves,    embroidery, hats, steel and   iron    manu  factures, toys, etc  The American advertisers are re:  adjusting themselves- with wonderful  rapidity and are redoubling thoir efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied ��������� them Those who hesitate  will lose a tremendous opportunity  and be handicapped for months, per  haps years, to come.  , What about us Canadians?  END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  .. ���������. . :Vgases or DYSPEPSIA:  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in .five minutes.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stom'aoh . or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour,' undigested  food, or have ' a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea,- bad'taste  In mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes;  Put an end to stomach trouble foreveV  by getting a large fifty-cent- case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize _in five minutes how needless it i" to suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any stomach lisorder.  It's the ouickest, surest stomach doctor   in . the   world. . It's   wonderful.  Take your repairs to Armson, shoe  repairer. The Hub. Look for the  Big Boot.  Tbe Sun gathers   and   prints  the  news first.    It is not~a-pirate.  The  Sun" is  the   best newspaper  value in theBoundary country.  Wm. Carter has '.been confined to  his home for a week. He is suffer  ing from a bad attack of inflammatory rheumatism.  Some of the militant male terpsi-  choreans who attended'the Danville  dance last' Friday night returned  home as if they had hepn interested  participants at a prize fight.  MrS. Livesley and daughter left  last Saturday for Anyox. where  they will live in future.  For Sale���������One black horse; seven  years old; weight 1225 lbs. Apply S.  F. Newbauer, Ruckle addition.  ?AKES OFF DANDRUFF,  HAIxt STOPS FALLING  sve your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  uv is mute evidence of & neglected  oa!;i;   of dandruff���������that- awful scurf.  There is nbtbinr; so destructive  to  ie hair as., dandruff.  Tt robs the hair  ;' its' lustre, it- strength and its very  :'c;  eventually producing'a feverish-  ���������jks nnd itching of the scalp, which  :: vol. remedied causes tho hair rootr  o  shrink,  loosen  and  die���������then   t'-  .air. falls out fast.   A little Dander  .might���������now���������anv   time���������will   =-  ave your hair.  Got a 25 ecru ..jottla of Knowltou's  sanderine from any drug store. You  arely can have beautiful hair and lots  r' it if vou will just try a little Dan-  ��������� :-rine.      Save   your   hair!    Try   it!  Highest cash prices paid for old  Stoves and Ranges. E. C. Peckham,  Second hand Store. ...",'���������..  i������  "Three Squares a Day  In spite of war and the horirs of  war a vast number of Canadians are'  going to need "three squares a day,'  just as in times of peace. They ar<i  going to need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc., too, and a surprising lot of  them will go on buying, luxuries at>  well.  The bottom hasn't fallen out of  trade.     On the contrary a   new   hot.  urniture  S When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any rooni in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  S We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.,  CJ We would like to call your, attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  -V.  tt  n fl      If ti... ( nsli on Delivery SyHtomisln use in. your country, then you need   no  11 Ui Ui   hhim! 10 r for cithnr.two Kings you select, and _pay_bolance when you recclvethe*  Kiu  MASTERS, LTD., RYE, ENG.


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