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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Feb 18, 1916

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 o s  Is  legislative Ubrat  Kettle VaJIey Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR-No   15  GRAND FORKS,gB. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY IS, 1916  APPOINTMENT OF  $1.00 PER YEAR  Mayor Acres and Aid. Allen,  Donaldson, MeArdle, McCallum,  Schnitter and Shead were present  at the'regular  meeting of the  city | power to act  council on Monday evening.  A communication from the provincial secretary announced that  Mayor Acres, Aid. McArdle and W.  J. Mclnfcyre had been appointed  police"and license commissioners for  the ensuing year.  M. C. Davidson, instructor of  the  city   bend,   addressed   the   council.  He asked the council to pay So   per  month rent for a room  in which the  band could practice, and a grant of  350 to himself as instructor   at   the  end of the season if  satisfactory   results had then    linen   obtained.    In  retnrn   for   these    concessions   (he  band   would  give, a   couple of free  "street concerts weekly.     Referred to  finance committee, with instructions  ��������� ���������      to report at the next meeting.  Aid. Sheads, Donaldson   and  AI  len were appointed a committee to  get  in   touch   with   the   Returned  Soldiers' association.  The.council decided to meet the  Kettle Valley line officials on their  first visit to the city, and discuss  with them the question of conveying a portion of Third street to tho  company.  The clerk was instructed to  gather information regarding the  advisability of the city joining the  Union of B. 0. Municipalities.  A communication from the Grand  Forks Ministerial union asked the  council to consider the auvisability  of giving protection to the iudusties  ot the city and environments from  alien enemies. On motion of Aid  McCallum and Doualdsod, the  council recommended that the police conimissioneis take the matter  up with the proper military authorities.  The chairmen of the various departments handed iu their estimates  for the ensuing year. They were referred to the finance committee.  The clerk reported that'the deeds  for the two lots exchanged to N.  McNevin for parts of lots 12 and 13,  block 9, and a consideration of ������100,  were ready. He was authorized to  have the same signed and du.y executed.  On motion of Aid. McCallum and  Donaldson, Jobu A. Hutton was  appointed assessor for the city of  Grand Forks and the Graud Forks  school district for 191,6, and he was  instructed to return the assessment  roll on April 24.  On motiou of Aid. McCallum and  Donaldson, the bill of   J. H. Ryley  for legal services was referred   to the  late license commissions for certifi  cation.  Aid. Sheads suggested that brew  been laid off, nnrl that a portion of  the floor in the fire hall had been  renewed. He was anthonVd to sell  the old harness.  The chairman of the health, find  relief committee reported having received an applicant for asnistance  from a party in the West end which, J  after investigation, he, did not feel  justified in granting. The case was  referred back tj the committee, with  STIFFS SEVEN  Aid. Allen asked if Joyce avenue,  in fjont of Mr. Needham's property, was a regularly laid out street.  There appeared to be some doubt  on the subject, but the council was  unanimous-in the opinion that when  the adjoining block is subdivided a  sixty-foot street will have to be provided for.  Aid. Allen asked if it would be  possible to obtain permission from  the C.P.R. to put in a foot traffic  pathway on its steel bridge across  Kettle river. In view of the recent'  accident on this bridgp, he thought  that such an arrangement would be  highly desirable. The matter was  referred to the b'jard of works, with  instructions to confer with the C. P.  R. officials on the subject.  Aid. Sheads was granted leave to  introduce a temporary loan bylaw,  which was advanced to the third  reading stage.  The board of works was authorized to call for tenders for a car of  lumber of sidewalk purposes, and  also to advertise for tenders for  poles.  LECTURES FOB  THE FARMERS  A meeting will be held in the  hoard of trade rooms next Monday  evening, February 21, at 8 o'clock,  under the auspices of the Farmers'  institute and the Fruit Growers' association, when speakeis thoiough-  ly acquainted with their subjects  will address the ranchers of the valley on various topics.  R. C. Abbott, coast market   commissioner, will speak on "The Coast  The  hockey   game   lust   Monday  night between the Smelter Mechanics  and the  Smelter Stiffs  was, as pre  dieted  in   last   week?s  Sun, a swift  affair     During the first two periods  the Stiffs limbered up to  a wonderful   degree, and  scored seven goals,  while the Mechanics' score  was indicated by a goose egg.   In the third  period, how'ever, the Mechanics succeeded   in   getting their . machinery  warmed    up,   and they, scored   five  goals in rapid succession.  The Stiffs  were  blanked,  and   when   the bell  rang the score stood 7-5 in favor  of  the Stiffs.    Had the game   lasted   a  few more periods there  might   have  been a different story to recoid.    It  is  significant   that the Stiffs   made  all their   goals   under  one   referee,  and   then    when  a-new referee was  put in the Mechanics  suddenly  acquired a winning gait and their opponents were  blanked.   But, as  far  as The Sun could see, there were no  kicks   on   the   referees from either  side. - The  players  in   both   teams  played  an   even  game, and there is.  no   necessity    for    particularizing.  T-hefiue's were collected.as regularly  as at the  game  on   the   preceding  Wednesday, and at   times the fence  was well lined with  penalized men.  There was a good crowd  of  spectators present, and all enjoyed the  ef  forts of the players.    The  proceeds  of   the   game,   which  amounted to  about 830, were divided between the  Red Cross society and the Daughters  of the Empire.    The line up  was as  follows:  Stiffs Position    Mechanics  Coal  C   Holm .........Big Swede  Point  five days, and those who wish to enlist with him can secure immediate  transportation to New Westminster.  As the moon passed over the city  last night it signalled Tha Sun the  information that Col. Lowery, of the  Ledge, and Judge Hallett, police  magistrate of Greenwood, bad en  trenched themselves .and fought a  battle in frout of the new post office.  The decision, our informant said  was given to the judge.  News reached the city this week  that Ed Miller, a brother of Ernest  Miller, M.P.P., had been killed in  Los Angeles, Cal., last week by an  auto truck running over him. Deceased was formerly employed as  a mechanic at the Granby smelter,  and was well known in this city,  where he had a wide circle of  friends. He was the first white  child born in Vancouver.  Frank Hoelzel, who has been a  resident of the North' Fork country  for nine years, during which time  he has done much to improve that  district, has just finished a fine 40x  60 barn on his ranch. To celebrate  this e'vent, Mr. and Mrs. Hoelzel  one day last week entertained about  sixty of friends to a very fine dinner. Those present report having  had a most enjoyable entertainment.  The regular meeting of the Grand  Forks hoard of trade was held on  Friday evening last, W. J. Dawe,  first vice-president, in the chair.  The secretary reported that he  had received from the department  of trade and commerce a list of the  flour mills located west of the Great  Lakes. The matter was laid over  until the next meeting.  The following members   were enrolled for the current  year:    B. Le-  quime,   Ii.    E.  Woodland,    F   M.  Heffner, S.   H.   Guy, W. J. Dawe,  B.    Norris,   J.    F.    Simmons,   Jeff  Davis,   W.    K.    C.   Manly. Stanley  Davis, W. J. Mclntyre,f-LA. Sheads,  M.   Frankovitch,    E.   C.   Henniger,  M. H. Bums, O. G.   Dunne,   A. -E.  Melin, S. T. Hull, Dr. Acres,   R. J.  Gardner,  A.   Schnitter, S.   J. Matthews, J. Mooyboer; H. C. Kerman,  H. L Mackenzie, C. H. Niles, J. F.'  Kraus.  METEOROLOGICAL  The Grand Forks visitors, to the  Rossland carnival returned home on  Saturday. They state that the en  tertainment provided them in the  Golden City was amply worth the  fatigue they suffered on their return  to this city.  Two Hindus were   fined  So   each  in the police court last  Monday for  fighting.    Another   Hindu  was   as  sessed ������15 for a similar offence.  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day - during the past week, as re '  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  Mm.  Feb. 11���������Friday...  27  12���������Saturday   ....    S  13���������Sunday   14  14���������Monday  29  15���������Tuesday....... 34  16���������Wednesday .. 33  17���������Thursday  34  Max.  43  33  33  39  42  41  43  Missionary Anniversary  It is   usually   the   man with the I     The   missionary   anniversary  Inches  Rainfall / 0.12  R. Malm.......................McMillan  Cover Point  J.   Bush..... Chas.  Haverty  Rover  H.   Benson ...  Chas. Wekell  Center  J. Harngan ....W. Teileman  Left Wing  Mcllwaine ....A. Carter  least brains who is most persistent  in his attempts to push himself to  the front.  The snow is rapidly disappearing  in this neighborhood, and wheels  are being substituted for runners.  Right Wing  Market." Mr. Fleck, Dominion fruit J. Luscombe Jack Currie  inspector   on    the   prairie, will takn   R. Dobson, spare.  for   his theme,   ������������������Ways-of   Grading   H. Johnston, spare.  and Packing," and Mr  Smith's sub-   ��������� Ueferees-J.-D. Campbell and Kd  jec-.' will be "Careful Handling   and  Pre-cooling."  INDEPENDENT COMPANY  OF RIFLES NEWS NOTES  Stanuvvay,  D  MISCELLANEOUS NEWS  McBr de   is   reported  of  the Methodist church will be held  on Sunday next Botn morning and  evening services A'ill be appropriate  the the occasion, and tne special  preacher for the day will be Rev.  J. H. Hob-bins, of Greenwood. .At  the evening service, in addition to  the usual order of service, the following musical items will be ren  dered: Duet, "Come, Holy Spirit,"  Miss   Nellie and    A. Carter; ' solo,  ery   licenses  and   wholesale   I  Lieut. E. L Stenstrom and Corp  A. Carlisle returned from a   recruiting trip to Cascade on Monday   and  brought back the following   four re  ci'uits, who have been taken on   the  strength of the company:  David George Handy.  William Hodgan,  Robert James Thompson.  Jack Emile Thompson.  The lollowing man has    bt-en    at  S OF THE CITY  Robert  Campbell, who  left   here  three weeks ago  with   the last draft  from the Independent Company   of  Rifles t,j join the 131st battalion   at  New   Westminster  as a private, returned to the city   this afternoon   a  sergeant.    He  states   that  when be  arrived   in   i\Tew    Westminster   he  passed his examination without difficulty, and was made sergeant in Bj  company   of   the   131st   battalion.  -i. --[ivjiss   neuie and    A. Ufi  seriously   ill   at  his   home  in , -Absent," Rev. J. H. Hobbins; male  Bl'idesville. 'quartet, "When the Weary Seeking  Rest," Mesrs. D  Carter, H.   Nelson,  W. Farmerand Rev. J. D.   Hobdeo;  anthem, 'Trnise  Ye   the   Father,"  the choir.  The women in Alberta will  soon obtain the franchise.  The British Columbia Copper company has eighteen  working at the Napoleon  mine.  The Spokane Interstate fair  will open September 4 this  year and run five days.  SI Four officials of the British  Columbia Copper; company  visited the Republic camp last  week.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at  this port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts  at the head office in this city and at  the various siib-customn offices, for  the month of January, 191G:  Grand Forks $12,033.0!)  Phoenix r-.       435.03  Cascade        111.07  Carson         6'3.8(i  licenses be raised to a higher figure  The   matter   was   referred   to   the  license commissioners..  The accumulation of bills  for the  past month were ordered to be paid.  The bill for some water pipe,  shipped by the Crane company, was  referred to the water and light com- J  mittee, with power to act  .. ~..v,   .whumiii^   lllilij    lino       IJfBll        II li     I * ">           ummiiuu. ,,.,. .,, , I  . JUOr  tested and will leave for   the   172nd ! He vvas lhen Hei1t out ou a recruiting  .    i,ie j!'lllma min������ near Eholtl     Total.  battalion   at  Kamloops,   where "'he ! tri^' atld for the Past two   weeks he  !S r(f limillg operations, it hav  .SI 3,2-13. (>5  will be used as a bandsman:  John Findlay Jr.���������Age 38,mirier,  single; born, Cleator Moor, England; next of kin, Joun Findlay Sr.,  Greenwood, B. C.  "jhaa  been  working along- the main 1I ino ljGcn squired by the Trail  '���������- 'smelter.  line of the C.P.R. At the Rogers  Pass tunnel, he says, he addressed  crowds of '100 men   at each end of  There are 'J.H  men working  :*���������������������������  H. C. Brewster, leader of the Lib-j walk through the long bore.   H������ oh-  The   chairman   nf   th���������   K     ,1     r eral '),my in Brhish Columbia, will, tained many recruits in   the  Slocan  ^^Trj^^^?^a?n:A^   "���������'Wt    -;-od   **   ^tonay   districts,    he  says.   He will be in the city four  or  ������i,Df,      i    tr    , . ;;lt tn^ Lone Star mine, and ST)  thetunne     Healso states that he tons of ore are   shipped   dailv  was  the  |Irflt  man   in   uniform to t0 tlie Greenwood .smelter.  works reported that one  man   had  the Victoria bye election.  The Michigan mine at Orient has been bonded by N. C.  Titus for .$^00,000.  The Bell Telephone company on  the loth inst. successfully opened  the Montreal-Vancoir'er line, said"  to be the longest ear to-ear circuit  in the world, '1227 mihs. The New  York-San Francisco line recently  opened is about 3400 miles in  length.  The man who starts in   life as  fakir never outgrows the habit.  a THE    SUN,    GKANl)    FORKS,    B. a  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS FEE PLUS  Liquor Falsehoods  Great  Prohibition Laws Prove to be a  Blessing to the Masses  The public should be warned of the  misrepresentations and falsehoods  published by the linuorjnterest for  the purpose of casting do'ubl upon tho  value of prohibition of the liquor 'tral-  lie. They are lighting it desperate  rear guard light in defence of what  Jhey consider their right to malce easy  money by the sale of what is now acknowledged the world over to be a  very harmful drug.  Theyseem to have.a.regular organization of writers whose, business it is  to cast discredit upon prohibition or  any other restraint of their business.  Their principal: assertion is-that prohibition is a. failure in some distant  place, They give,figures that seemfair  that they deceive many people who do  not know the facts. Mr instance at  one time Prince Edward' Island, our  only province that has prohibition,  had" more insane-than any other province. For various reasons Prince Ed-!  ward Island has attracted a number  of patients from outside the Island  and they hold this up as proof that  prohibition causes insanity. As'many  insane are insane for life, it takes  some years of'prohibition.-before much  reduction is seen, but drunkenness  and crime show a marked reduction  almost immediately.  They are. careful not to tell that'  some vet provinces have nearly forty, times as much crime as our only  dry province, yet the last census report shows, that to be the fact. . In  fact, drunkenness and crime are almost absent in Prince Edward Island,  the statistics showing only 1.1 per  ten thousand population.  They used to give figures to show  ihat certain cities intiie state of  Maine has, as much drunkenness as  before prohibition, but they carefully  concealed the fact that these were  cities that refused to close the saloons.  They did the same thing- about Kansas. They now point to the State of  Kansas as having as many prisoners  in peuitenitary as license states  have. They do not tell that in Kansas  there is a very large federal penitentiary to which prisoners are sent from  alt'over the United States and that  there has not been a Kansan in it for  years. There is a state penitentiary  in Kansas, the governor of which dec-lares; that prohibition has bean a  great success.  Some times.'they resort to absolute  falsehoods trusting that few will know  die truth. Thus recently they wrote  that Nova Scotia, which is half prohi  bition, had more drunkenness and  more arrests for drunkenness than  any other province. The latest statistics show that Nova Scotia had only  S.O' per thousand population, while  British Columbia had 21.3 aud when  Nova Scotia had 14.8 convictions for  crime per ten thousand.' British Columbia  had   42.3   and   Alberta  40.6.  The fact is that a prohibitory law  even .though poorly, enforced is a  great blessing as thousands are glad  of the excuse to break away from the  ruinous treating habit.���������H. Arnott,  M.A.. M.C-P.S.  Boost Your Home Town  May Issue Badge For War Workers  Following the example of the British authorities, the Canadian govern-  , ment may soon decide to issue a distinguishing badge for munition workers, rejected applicants for enlistment  and others who may be employed on  war works. There has been no definite action taken yet, but it is known  that Premier Borden and Hon. T. W.  Crothers, minister of labor, are in  .sympathy with the idea, although the  need in Canada may not be so pressing as in Great Britain.  The suggestion is made that the  labor department institute a mark of  distinction to all who are engaged in  munition work here in the same way  that is being done in England. However, the labor department has not  the power to authorize the issuing of  a badge and the matter will have to  be decided by the government'or the  military council, who have, the mat-1  t������-r under consideration. j  The  Home Town   Means  Much to the  Community and Adds to the Value  , of the Farmer's Holdings  Recently, an observing man, who  has not spent much time in the country for several years, found himself  in a small town on a Thursday evening.  This village is located some twenty  miles from any city or large town and  is a trading'point*'for a rich agricultural community, but in no respect unlike hundreds of other villages scattered over the middle west.  The city man, having nothing else  to do, spent the evening watching  what was going on. in, .the town.  Speaking of his experience, .he expressed surprise at the change that,  had taken place in the general makeup of small towns since he was familiar with conditions in the country.  Having been raised in a village he  noted the difference between the small  town  of his  early  acquaint-nce   and  the strictly modern small town of today.    ,V '.-'.���������:���������'��������� . ,  ::' The  busiuess  district  of the  little  town   visited .extended   only  about-a  block along a  single  street,  but  the  character  of t stores   cempared  favor-^  ably   with   the   mercantile   establish-^'  ments found a few years ago in siz- j  able c'ticn.   The buildings were large  -and  suL.:t".ntial, most of them  being  constructed of brick, stone or cement.  The windows were plate glass and the  Avindbw displays skillfully arranged.   .  - Any one of the main stores picked  up and set down in a city of fifteen  to twenty thousand inhabitants.would  not have-suffered by comparison.  While there was no paving in the  village, the streets were well graded  and-oiled. Sidev.'ks were of cement  and in good r:    ./.  On this pan.'jular Thursday night  our city friend counted twenty-six  automobolies parked in front of the  stores, besides a goodly number of  horse-draAvn vehicles, and the town  was full of well dressed pleasure seekers. There was nothing special doing  and tho people present were simply  from the surrounding country in town  for their usual trading; and recreation.  The one picture show, conducted in  a good building equipped for the purpose, was well attended.' The two ice  cream and light refreshment parlors  were full during ;the entire evening.  The City man was thoroughly convinced that the home village meant  infinitely more to farmers in the community "than it did years ago and he  remarked:  "If I were a farmer I certainly  would be a booster for my home town.  [ would do everything I could to make  it prosperous and I would favor any  plan or render assistance to any  scheme that would help build up the  town, because the benefit to myself  Wj-uUI be much greater than any advantage I could confer upon the town.  The idea of having a shipping and  trading place. reasonably close at  hand, a* place where all the necessities  and most of the comforts of life could'  be procured without delay or inconvenience; a town at your very door offering social and educational advantages���������certainly these modern conveniences should concern \ every farmer  who has his own best interests and  those of his family at heart."   .  And this city man, gone back for a  night to the once familiar village of  his childhood days, is right. The  home town does mean a whole lot to  the community. It does add to the  value of your farm. Why shouldn't  a man. a country man with family,  boost for his home.town?  Developing the West  All Eyes On Gary  A   Good  Settlers  Time   to   Get   More  From   the   U.S.  Senator Peter Jai.sen, of Nebraska,  was   in   Toronto  a  few   days   ago   on  one of his periodical trips to Canada,  where he is interested m  various enterprises.     He    has   taken   an   active  interest in   the  development of  western Canada for over 15 years, and has  been   instrumental     iu   getting   large  colonies from the United States on to'  the pi'aries  of Saskatchewan.    When'  interviewed  by  a .reporter    for    the  World, Senator Jansen said:  "What pleases me most is the fact  that av.ri.ng a recent trip among those  settlers, I  did not find  a  single  one  who was dissatisefid with the country  or conditions. Ithink that this is the  opportune  time, for Western   Canada  :o  acquire  some  more  good  settlers  from  the  United  States.  Our  people  are desirable because  they generally  bring with them, hot only money, but  equipment  and  experience  and  start  at once farming in a successful manner..      . ......  "There is no reason," the senator  continued,, "why people from, the  United States should not come to  Canada. Our ..language is, the same;  our laws are the same; our school  system is; the. same; and you -might,  say our ideals and literature are the  same. The line between the two countries is simply an imaginary one."  Mr. Jansen said he -was glad to see  that the "department of the interior  was again placing advertisements in  the papers of the United States, telling people about the free homesteads  obtainable in Western Canada. He  went on to say that although homesteads were, ?.n attraction to a great  many, still he believed that there  should be pre-emption rights also  granted so that a homesteader could  buy nditional land on easy terms  from the government as his .family  grew up. ���������  "You will osberve," said Senator  Jansen, "that homesteaders alone will  not settle a country. They often hasten to, acquire title only to sell out  and pfien locate elsewhere. While the  Canadian government past and present, has .always, followed a liberal  policy in regard to inducing settlement and immigration, there are  some kinds of advertising and exploitation which can be better done  by land companies"' than by the: government." -'~ --������������������'---  -}     ------  Cutting   Down   School    Expenses   and  Boosting   School   Efficiency  (Contributed    by    Norman  K.   Black,  M.A.,  D.Pacd.,"ncgina).  There wasn't any town of Gary, In-  di::ia,  eight years ago.    Now  it is  a  city of thirty or forty thousand.  The  United States Stool Corporation needed it so il just sel to work and made  if.    To make the n������w oily which they  required as the hojne of Ihe most complete and up-to-date steel works west  -f Pittsburg, they employed  civil engineers  and  electrical  engineers  and  ail sorts of other engineers. . Among  Ignorance Unashamed  Has  Our School  System   Reached  Highest Point of Efficiency  Is there not too much truth in  following-  Toronto  children  schools?  "Three  the  the  the.  editorial    remarks    in  News,     on     the   education  now     receive     at     public:  questions  wore written oil  the blackboard at ".Uacdonald Institute on a recent morning, and the  21 girls of tho class were, required  to write down their answers and  hand them in. The first question,  named 17 famous books or poems  and required the names of the  authors.     The   second   asked   for   a  them was an educational engineer. It '.short    description    and    location    of  was his job to  that would be  create a school system  as complete and up-to-  school has, of  class rooms and  its manual train-  domestic science  its  and  Helping- French Farmers  William Collier and a couple of actors were dining in a hotel cafe when  Colli ir directed his companion;;' attention to a very dapper looking man  with a suspiciously red nose thai had  just passed.  Cinemas on the Cea  Tt has been remarked before now  that only a salmon stream or a golf  course is necessary to add to'the completeness of the equipment of the up-  to-date modern liner, with its swimming baths, theatres, tennis courts,  and other amenities, but it has been  left apparently to the Orsova, of the  Orient line, to receive the first board  of trade permit to carry a cinemo.  | For the purpose of the show a stage  i including a-pretty drop scene, is rig-  | ged up on deck, where seating ac-  : commodation for some 1 .r.00 speetat-  ! ors is provided, and non-inllammahlc  j films are used, so Ihat there is no  j danger of fire. In arfdition to the or-  j dinary "subjects" special films are  I iny Australian scenes and events are  "A   very  prominent   member of  the ! provided  for  the  benefit   of emigrant  this   way   serve  recreative nur-  I.archnionf   Yacht   club,"   announced  Collier with   a   grave  air.  "Is thai so'.'" aslied one of the  players, who, as Collier knows, always evinces a strong interest in the  doings of society.  "What is his official capacity?"  "About three gallons, I think," said  Collier.  Bix���������A fire broke out at the prison  iasi night.  Dix- -Broke our, did   it?    Then  you  might call  it a  lire escape���������what:'  Caller���������-How   perfectly  devoted  ;.:-(' to your husband?  Young   Wife ���������Yes,   F   am   iryin  pet ami spoil him, .so that if I die  passengers,  educational  poses.  and  in  as well ii-  The Curse of  year Canadians  ,e   marries  again,  an' live with him.  no   othei  you  ���������i  to  and  woman  IJOME TREATMENT.-Dcscribe your disease,  ut;d write lor free booh uud testimonials.  THE CANADA CaNCER   INSTITUTE, Limited  10 CHURCHILL  AVE,.   TORONTO  W.    N.    U.    1085  Drink  Last year Canadians spent over one  hundred million dollars in drink. That  amount would have gone a long way  in   financing  our  share   of  Ihe   great  war.     ft   would   have   paid   for   four  thousand      miles   of   good   macadam  j roads.   But  money  spent   in  drink  is  j like water spilled on the ground that  i cannot  be gathered  up  again. Money  spent in drink cannot earn money to  pay taxes or to do anything else for  the   drinker.    Better   if  it  had   been  burnt,   for   then   it   would   not   have  , left  paupers,  criminals   and  lunatics,  J to be a  burden on the  taxpayer.���������Ot-  ' t.awa  Citizen.  Lilile Girl���������A loaf, please.  Shopkeeper���������Bread's gone up a  cent this morning.  Little Girl���������Well, give me one of  yesterday's.  How Britain Went to the Aid of Farmers in the Devastated Areas  By courtesy of- the French government and military authorities-a small  British deputation recently N visited  the devastated areas of France from  Chalons-sur-Marne to the Vosges on  behalf of the agricultural relief of  allies committee formed under the  patronage of the king in connection  with the Royal Agricultural society.  The deputation consisted of Mr.  Samuel Kidner, chairman of the  Farmers' Club. Mr. Colin Campbell,  president- of the National Farmers'  Union; Mr. C. J. B. Macdonald, and  their mission was to investigate the  condition of. the . areas overrun by  the enemy with a view to aiding in  the replenishment of the denuded  regions in plants, implements, machinery, .live stock, and fowls.  The committee have already supplemented to advantage the efforts  of the French government to repair  the damage so rar as the production  of human and animal food is concerned.  The funds voluntarily placed at  their disposal enabled them to send  to France considerable numbers of  mowers and binders in time for the  hay and corn harvests, and subsequently contributions have been sent  in the form of threshing machinery,  ploughs, cultivatois, harrows, and  drills, as well as drafts of rams and  boars to be distributed in the various  communes.  These gifts were followed by shipments of seed wheat, and this month  poultry and rabbits will be despatched to restock the emptied poultry  yards and  rabbit hutches.  The deputation will shortly present to the committee a report embodying the results of-their inquiries  with suggestions as to the means by  which effective aid can be rendered.  date as the steel works and, like them,  business-like and economical.  He did the job.  His name is Wirt: William A.  Wirt. 'And being his. that is the name  of the man upon whom the eyes of the  great army of folk that care for economy and efficiency in school matters  are .'just "now turned. 'William A. Wirt  has.'-worked out and is working out  business-like methods of educational  reform :that are going-to eil'eci states  and provinces far ami wide.  How he does things so cheaply and  effectively 'cannot be explained in a  few words, unless by saying that he  applies modern business methods to  elminiate waste. What he thus saves  he uses to provide things that towns  still using slip-shod, old fasJiioj[ed educational methods can't- alfonT; although their school rates run higher  than Gary's.  Every   big   town  course, its  ordinary  its gymnasium and  ing   shops   and   its  kitchen   and   its   auditorium   and  art   room  and   its   play  grounds,  so forth.  Wirt made the startling discovery  that no child can be in more than  one of these places a, I any given time.  Accordingly lie arranged a.timetable that would keep each and every  one of these places occupied all day  long.  When Mary Ann's class is studying  the stand-by subjects���������reading, writing, arithmetic and so o;t���������Sarah  Jane's class is in one. of the special  class rooms studying possibly sewing  or cooking, or in the gymnasium working up-muscle and cultivating an ap-  'petite and a straight back bone, or out  in. the play grounds' having larks.  Whatever it is, it is all done on system and with a vim, aud when (he  time comes. Sarah and .Mary interchange places with each other. Everybody and every place is busy all ihe  time, so that, the school staff and  school equipment can provide* for  about twice as many youngsters ,issa  similar staff aud equipment provide  for insQt.her towns. That means reducing the building and maintainauce  expenses nearly by half.  A dozen articles could be written  on how Superintendent Wirt has fifod-  ernized the course of studies, and,  mind you, kept down the expenses to  below the ordinary at the same time.  The youngsters are getting such a  happy; vigorous, all round education  that stone walls wouldn't keep them  out of school. They have no truancy  question at Gary.' And the -children  work as hard as they play, for they  understand what they are at and why  they are at it, and incidentally it is  what they should be at.  Keep your eyes on-Gary and watch  out for what they are doing there.  Next, minute we shall be doing things  like that hare if Saskatchewan Public School Education League and our  other educational reformers will only  us too how to eliminate waste  so as to he able to afford to give our  children the best education that is to  Sudbury,   Prince   Rupert, ' Fsquimaull  Louvain, Callipoli  and  Lemberg.  The  third    read    as  follows:    Name    the.  premiers of any six of the provinces  of Canada.  "The average value of the answers  was ">0 per cent, for the first, 21 per  cent, for the second, and almost  nothing for the third. No one knew  the position of Louvain or Gallipoli.  One young woman said that Louvain  was a town in 'France where a battle  was fought recently. Another placed  tlallippli. oft the coast of Scotland,  where a German submarine base-  had been discovered. Conccrning  11)0 premiers, everyone was on a  level with sister. Sir Sam Hughes  wtis named, as the premier of the  United States.  "The    young    women  in  this class  were helween  the ages of IS and 35.  Some  of them   had  junior matriculation.     All     had   passed   examinations  for entrance to  the high school. The  first    cry    from  most    of those  who  read (his will be:    'What is the matter   with   the   education   department  and   ihe   schools   its   supervises?'    It  is   the   belief of the   public   that- the  ignorance of any person  in the province   is     directly   traceable     to     the  school.    That is not always.the case.  Three-quarters   of     the   education   a  boy   receives   conies   from   his   home.  In     Ihe     home   he  must    acquire   a  taste   for   reading     and     a   love   for  knowledge".    He must have  the stimulus  of a  wise   father or mother or  sister.    If he goes to school indifferent or careless he will learn by note  certain     mechanical     operations   for  calculating  purposes.     Tie   will  learn  to     read   haltingly.     He     will     hale  grammar,   composition, literature and  geography,     aud   at   the   first   oppcr-  Iunity    will   leave   school   and   go  to  work.     Not   always,   of   course! ���������   lie  may  have "a genius    for  his teacher.  Then the results may be different.    ���������  "As   for   girls,     (heir   environment  may  be  one  of. dress,  "movies"  and  beaux.     No   one   can   expect   an   unused "mind   to   display    any  high   degree of polish, and how many people  there    are/   who    never    think,    no  tongue   can   tell.     Satirists   say   that  the   average   woman   lias   only   three  topics   of' conversation: .Her   serving  ,  maid, the  children  and  how she  expects  to  have, her  next  gown  made.  She   never  reads    a   newspaper,    at  least   she   rarely   gets   past   the   woman's  page.    She    does    not    know  anything    about national politics and  does hot trouble to find out. The only  difference  between her and her husband     is     that   business   necessities  have forced him to learn some things,  and that he pretends to know all the"-''  rest. The school has not helped these  people.    How can it help  their children?"  he had.  The  from  costs  lively  wi  to  type   of  shell   which   is   fired  the  great     German   howitzers  $(i,000.     Fveit     the     compara-  small     field   guns   are   loaded  h shells which  each cost over $1.0  produce.     The     German     S.l-in.  quick-firing   guns  which   costs  $260,  fortress   cannons  $1,500.  demand a shell  and the Kaiser's  lire -a projectile  valued at $1,500. The cost of gunfire in the Royal Navy is very heavy,  and a single discharge from a 11-in.  weapon, costs at least $-1,000. A  battleship broadside means that ?7,-  500 worth of ammunition has go::e.  In a sea fight, if (he large guns on  a dreadnought only fire ten shots  each and the smaller weapons discharge twenty-five shells, the cost  of ammunition ofr one battleship  during the engagement is $800,000.  Damaged Wheat For Feed  in most cases it is inadvisable to  feed damaged grain to poultry. There  are, however, exceptions to every  rule. Wheat that has been mow-  burnt will not cause any trouble when  fed to fowls and can usually be obtained at a low price. Weevil-infested grain also can be fed without  trouble, if I here are no objections to  introducing the wtevil into the granary.  Wheat that' litis sprouted in die  shock from excessive rains is usually  dangerous |o feed on account of the  liability of its being moldy.  If such whoat can-he obtained free  from mold there is, of course, no objection to feeding it. Care must be  taken that none of rhe grain is moldy,  for mold even in small quantities will  cause no end of disorders. Fanning  moldy wheat may remove enough of  the mold to make it look good, but  your nose will tell the story. Don't  use moldy grain under any circumstances.    Small  chicks   should   never  PERFECT HiSALTii IS EVERY  WOMAN'S BIRTHRIGHT.  A Prescription That From Girlhood  to Old Age Has Been a Bles3ing  to Womankind. . \ .  be  fed    anything  wheat, as thoy ar;  upset lban grown  but   the   very  best  : much  birds.  more easily  First Chauffeur���������Bill's  chauffeur ten years and  over nobody yet.  Second   Chauffeur���������Well,  absentminded     cuss.     He's  thinking   of  something  else  been  never  Bill  a  run  an  always  "The birthday of the new imperialism," says Rev. Dr. Freeman in an  editorial in the British Weekly, "is  not to be registered will) accuracy,  but perhaps we may name its baptismal day. Was it not .the day when  Sir Robert Borden, premier of Canada, was invited to sit as corresponding member with the cabinet? On  that day Ihe national government  made itself the sponsor lo this wonderful new offspring of British solidarity.''  When a girl becomes a woman, when  a woman becomes a mother, when a  woman passes through middle life, are  (ho three periods of life when health and  strength are most needed to withstand  the pain and distress often caused by  severe organic disturbances.  At- (hose critical times women are  best fortified by the use of Dr. Pierce's  Favorite Prescription, an old remedy  of proved worth that keeps the entire  womanly .'system-in excellent, condition.  Mothers, if your daughters are weak,  lack ambition, are troubled with headaches, lassitude and arc-pale and sickly,  Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is  just what they need (o surely bring the  bloom of health to their cheeks and make  them strong and healthy.  For all ailing women Dr. Pierce's  Favorite Prescription is just the right  medicine. During the last fifty years it  has banished from the lives of tens of  thousands of women pain,. misery and  distress. It makes weak women strong,  sick women well.  If you are.a sufferer, if your daughter, mother, sister, need help, get 'Dr.  Pierce's Favorite Prescript-ion in liquid  or tablet form from any .medicine dealer  tordav. Then address Dr. Pierce, Invalids' Hotel, Buli'alo, N. Y., and get  confidential medical advice entirely free.  Every woman should be careful that the  liver is active and the poisons are not  allowed to clog Min system���������get rid of  these poisons by taking Dr. Pierce's  Pellets, which j-cf.-ul.ite and invigorate  stomach, liver arid bowels. Keep the  body clean inside as well as outside!  .How to preserve health and beauty is  told in Dr. Pierce's Common Sense Medical Adviser. It is free. Send Doctor  Pierce, Buffalo. N. Y,. fifty cents or Bt&rapa  to cover wrapping and mailing only.  I  / ' *i  S    ;\i  rv  frurcb-vr-isii THE    SUN,    GBAND    FORKS,    B.C.  tfM  CANADA  INSURES PERFECT  BAILING RESULTS  GUARANTEED TO BE. MADE  FROM INGREDIENTS,���������-'  SHOWN ON THE-LABEL  AND NONE-OTHER,  E.W.GILLETKO.LTD.  TORONTO ONT  _     ._, WINNIPEG       MONTREAL   ���������,  jgMin-At.fiy ta  Moderation of Eye Test  Large Numbers of Men Previously  Refused   May  Now   Enlist  Vhe moderation of the eye test has  gone into effect in Canada. For some  time the militia has been preparing  for a less stringent test of the eyesight, which had been excluding a  great many men from joining who  had wished to go. The test used up  to the present was the same as the  one used 'for the South African war.  and was much more severe than that  used iu England at'present. The new  test is similar to that used in.Eng-  Iasd.. In Toronto there have been .1,-.  800 men turned down in the past  three months because of their eyesight when they applied to join the  overseas forces.  In Ottawa the number has been'  proportionately large. With the new  regulation many of these men will  now be able to get into the army".  Reco������  for the  Graves'  proved  ���������nized as  the lea'ding specific  destruction of worms, Mother  Worm      Exterminator  ;lias  a  boon  to suffering'  children  everywhere.    It seldom fails.  The dull boy in the class unexpectedly distinguished himself in a recent  history examination. The question  ran, "How and when was slavery introduced   into. America?"  To this he replied:  "No woman had come over to the  early Virginia colony. The planters  wanted wives to help with the work.  In 1619 the London Company' sent  over a shipload of girls. The planters  gladly married them, and slavery was  introduced into America."  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures  Garget  in  Electricity Warms Men in Trenches  Electrically-warmed underclothing  for the soldiers in the winter trenches  is the latest Austrian invention reported by an American attache at The  Hague. Fine flexible -..ires are woven  into the fabric. Connection is made by  each wearer with a cable running  along the trench and fed from a���������gen-  erator in the rear. About 150 watts  of current is used at thirty to fifty  volts, costing one to two cents per  -hour per man. The suits weigh a little less than two pounds aud cost  about $20 each.  W. N. U. ,1085  C. P. R Has 36,000  Small Shareholders  Number  of   Holders  of   Not   Over 50  Shares' of the Great Corporation's  Stock Has Nearly Trebled  In Eight Years  The increasing number of stockholders in Canadian Pacific gives a vivid  indications  of  the growth  of  confidence in'the   conipany's  position,  and  in the Dominion of Canada, as a centre for capital investment.  At the annual meetingof the C.P.R.  in ,1907 it may be .recalled that Sir  Thomas Shattghtiess'y remarked that  there were upwards of 1-1,000 shareholders whose holdings did not exceed fifty shaves, each, of the company's stock. By,.June, 1913, this  number had swelled to 27,000'.'  The Financial Times secured the  definite assurance this week that  there are now l-iG.OOO names on the  company's list, of persons holding fifty shares, or less. This is a marvellous record, and gives striking evidence; of the increasing popularity of  the shares among small investors.  The dramatic increase in, Canadian  Pacific's earnings continues" to be a  sensation-in the railroad world. New  York observers are already confident  that the company will easiiy earn its  10-per'-.cent dividend in the present  fiscal year; in fact this week forecasts  were made that the company would  earn at the rate of 15 per cent, on the  capital. '  Since the latter part of September;  when the traffic tide definitely turned,  the road has piled up earnings so fast  that the losses of July and August  have been entirely wiped out, and the  road is now well over $1,000,000  ahead of last year in gross.  Of course the Canadian Pacific is  now at the height of the crop moving  season and grain shipments have  been unprecedented. The C.P.R. is  reported' to be moving 12 miles of  loaded cars daily. Winnipeg bauk-  ers are confident that the grain movement will continue abnormally heavy  throughout December and January.  Aside from this kind of traffic, however, Canadian Pacific has vast quantities of munitions and war materials  to transport, as these are being.turned out in profusion from scores of  plants in Canada.  Apart entirely from traffic, the  C.P.R.'s special revenue for 1915 promises to offer the most interesting  phase of the company's position; The  company itself has been a heavy  manufacturer of materials of war, and  its fleet is largely contracted to the  British government. ��������� Financial  Times.  Urges National Economy   f  Half of. Population of England Making   War   Munitions  Half of the population of England  is engaged in producing war munitions to aid the 3,000,000- men in the  fighting lines in a war which is costing Great Britain ?1,000,000 an hour,  the Hon. ..It. H. Brand, financial agent  of David Lloyd George, minister of  munitions, told business men at a  luncheon held in Ottawa recently.  Those present included the Duke of  Connaught, Sir Robert Borden, and  Sir Wilfrid Lau'rier.  "The war," continued Mr. Brand,  "will be a long one, and no one can  tell how much more England, Canada, ami other parts of the empire  may have to do before it is successfully ended, but, of all'the things to  be done to win, financial operations  are  the most important."  National economy .will win the war,  the speaker added, and he urged Canadians to practice the most rigid  economy in order to. provide the  greatest possible-aid to Great Britain.  He expressed appreciation of Canada's decision to make advances to  England, and promised that all such  loans would be repaid soon after the  close  of  the  conflict.  There will be no more throwing; away of good food if you  kec-p a bottle of Hovril in the kitchen. TJovril, with its  fine flavour and ease of manipulation, helps you to make  delightful dishes out of cold food. Heller soup, better  stews���������-less expense.    But it must be Uovril.  S.H.B.  ���������UMJ.M  -If- ���������������<���������wj������������������������������������������������������!��������� I mi i.MWimjiiTTH������M������-������.-������������-ii wtti M^I-U^W.rw  Magic 'feviliise" Cures  Toothache; Earache  IT RELIEVES J2VERY EX-  "f'V   TERNAL PAIN   ���������  Leave  Your  Worries  on the   Train  When business or pleasure Inkec yau lo'ii lafije cily. you are much concerned iibuul convenience nnd comfort. You enn enjoy both at Ihs Walker Mouie. "Tr>ron!o'������ l-.'mious Hi-lol."  The mam (lament have for years been making a carc-tul study of (ha needs of the Tr.ivrllir.ff  Public. Everything llut makes for Comfort, Safety and Convenience iu our policy. Convenience  is a naturi I asset owing to the splendid location, a minute's v/nlk from the Union Stniirn and  within the heart of the city's business activities. Comfort is assured by a large end pcrfrrtly  trained staff of employees; and a detached brick structure open on all aides w:(h every modern  convenience installed ttanda for safety. The rater, are very reasonable. Give yoi r b;-c;:acc  checks to the Walker House porlci', lie will unci you at the train, f'.ntcs ��������� S2.CU p;r day up,  American Plan; $1.00 per day up, European flan,  THE 'WALKER HOUSE, TORONTO, CANADA  Geo.-'Wright'"&; SVIack Carrol!, Proprietors  (Hotli. formerly :\Ve; turners)..  The Time When   France      ;  Will Make Peace  When   Alsace  gained  and  : Manure-, Valuable  The best results from manure will  be secured"��������� when ic is" hauled direct  to the field, six or eight loads per  acre, to be plowed under for corn or  top dressed on pasture or grass land.  It will benefit these crops and also  the grain crops that follow. When  fresh manure is to be applied to a  grain crop top dress with it six or  eight loads, or if rotted manure is  available it can be plowed tinder. On  the North Dakota Experiment Station  farm manure applied to corn lands,  six loads per acre, has increased the  corn and the following three wheat  crops enough to make a return of  $1.50 per load.  A GENTLE LAXATIVE  FOR LITTLE ONES  Baby's  laxative,  and are  once the  Own   Tablets   are   a  gentle  They   are   absolutely   safe  so pleasant in    action that  mother has used  them-for  Cures Golds,  Coughs,  Sore  Throat, Tight Chest and  Hoarseness  It's when sickness comes at night,  when you are far from the druggist  or the doctor, that's when you need  Nerviline most. Experienced mothers  are7 never without it. One of the children may have toothache. -Without  Nerviline���������a sleepless night for the  entire household. With Nerviline the  pain is relieved quickly. It may be  earache, perhaps a stiff neck, or one  of the kiddies coughing with a bad  chest cold. Nothing can give quicker  results than vigorous rubbing with  this old-time family remedy.  Nerviline is too useful, toe, valuable  to be without. For lumbago, lame  back, sciatica or neuralgia there is no  liniment with half of Nerviline's power to penetrate and ease the pain.  '  As a family .. safeguard, as something to ward off sickness and to cure  the minor ills that-will'occur in every  family, to cure pain anywhere, you can  find nothing to compara with old-time  Nerviline, which for forty years'has  been the most widely used family remedy in the Dominion. The most economical size is the large 50c family size  bottle, small trial size, 25c. AlLcleal-  ers sell Nerviline.  Ai-  re-  un-  a rural editor  question   from  that  one  It is related of  he received this  of his readers:  "What is the matter with my hens?  Every morning I find one of them laid  out stiff and cold on the henhouse  floor:"  Next day this answer duly appeared  in the query column:  "Your fowls are suffering from  death. It *is an old complaint. The  only treatment that we can nmscribe  is burial."  her little ones she will never again  resort to than harsh, ill-smelling, bad  tasting castor . oil, which baby always fought against taking. Baby  will take the Tablets with a smile and  thousands of mothers tell us their little ones will coax for them. They are  sold by mediciue dealers or by mail at  2o cents a box from The Dr. Williams  Medicine Co., Brockville, Out.  Why Raise Sheep?  James M. Paxton of Washington  county, Pa., gave' the following reasons for sheep raising- before the  state board of agriculture last winter:  1. They will thrive and do well on  the rough hillsides, better than any  other of our farm animals.  2. They aro the cheapest means of  eradicating weeds on the  farm.  :-!. Thsy are more economical to  feed than any other farm animals.  4. They do not require much' labor  and bring good returns.  5. They add fertility to the farm,  acting as nature's manure spreader.  G. The prospect of the foreign demand for sheep and wool caused by  the European situation will make the  business   even   more  profitable.  An intelligent Frenchman was  studying the English language.  "When I discovered that if I was  quick I was fast,", said he, "and that  if I was tied I was fast, if I spent too  freely.I. was fast, and that not to eat  was to fast. I was discouraged. But  when I came across the sentence, 'the  first one won one guinea prize,' I was  tempted to give up trying to learn  English."  Guest���������I'm glad there's a rope here  in case of lire; but what is the idea  of putting a Bible in the room iu  such a prominent pnosition?  Bellboy���������Dat am intended for use,  sah, in case the fire am too far advanced foh you to make yoh escape,  sah.  THE VERY TIME  When Powerful  Food is Most Needed  and Lorraine Are Re-  Prussian Militarism  is Crushed \  France will not make peace until  Alsace and Lorraine are won, Belgium and Serbia restored and '���������'German imperialism and Prussian'! militarism are put beyond the possibility  of resurrection," says. Albert. Thomas,  under secretary of war. The declaration of M. Thomas is attracting widespread attention, as it is one of the  first statements from a responsible  cabinet official concerning the attitude of the government regarding  peace.  "There will be no peace until  sace and Lorraine are -definitely  established as part of the French  ity.  "There will be no peace until our  unfortunate'brothers of Belgium aiul  Serbia are assured of recovering their  honies in complete security and independence.      ��������� "-���������-.-  "There will'be'no'peace.'until derma?! imperialism and Prussian militarism is put beyond the possibility of  resurrection. .  "There will be no peace until a  system of right, founded upon the victorious union of the allies and supported by the free adherence of the  allies, has abolished forever the violence of war.  "Whatever may be the sacrifices.'  France united will go steadily forward  to accomplish this end. Today-before  the terrible obstacle which confronts  them, justice and liberty have only  one road���������that which our nation in  arms opens to them, with the .machine  gun and cannon."  The declaration of jr. Thomas derives added signifiance from the fact  that, in addition to his connection  with .the cabinet, he is one of the  leaders of the Socialist party.  SPECIALTi;  23  We  ���������for  and  .Sr  have been making matches  64 years now���������Domestic  every other kind,  orne of our specialties are  "THE GASUGHTER" with  a 41 i rich s tick--' "T H E E D D Y-  STONE '���������.-TORCH"-.'for outdoor -use���������"WAX VESTAS"  for the smoker, and other  varieties.  For home use the most  popular match islhe "SI LENT  5," but for every use  BUY :  DIAMOND DUST RAZOR SHARPENER  ���������Will Sharpen your Razor lictler and Quicker  than can .be done iu any other way. Lasts a  Lifetime. Satisfaction Guaranteed or money  refunded post free 25 cents ronv Ka/.or  .Strops 75 cents, O. K. Strops $1.50���������Best  Made.���������Canada Kone Co., Wawanesa. Manitoba, Canada. "  Csejk's Coitofl Roof Compoosd.  A safe, reliable i-cmttatinp  'medicine, Sold in threo degrees of slrenstli. No. 1,  Jl: No. 2. $u'; No. 3. S5  per box. Sold by nil  drug-gists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. X-'rea  pamphlet. Address:  TME COOK MEDICINE CO j  TOBOSTO. ONT.  (f������=crl| Wiiiur.)  I was cureil of Rheumatic Gout bv  MINARD'S   LINIMENT.  Halifax. ANDREW KING.  T was cured of Acute-Bronchitis bv  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  ���������   LT.-COL.   C.   CREWE   READ.  Sussex.  T was cured of Acute Rheumatism  ���������by   MINARD'S   LINIMENT.  Markham.   Oat.   C.   S.   BILLING.  Lalcefield,   Que.,   Oct.   0,   1907  The  cided  three  Won Fame on its Merits.���������The unbounded popularity that Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil.en joys is not attributable  to any elaborate advertising, for it  has not been so advertised, but is entirely due to the merits of this Oil as  a medicine, in every city, town and  hamlet in the country it is sought after solely because of its good qualities.  A nun who accompanied tho British women on their return from Belgium to London relates a delightful  story of how, recently, a big German  officer went into a shop in Brussels  and explained to the old woman inside that Germany was ever so many  times  bigger   than   Belgium.  "How is it, then." she inquired,  "that you can travel through Germany in three weeks, whereas you  have taken over, a year to get  through Belgium, and you are not  through yet?" The officer saluted  and  walked  away.  The need of delicate yet nutritious  focJd is never felt so keenly as when a  convalescent gets a setback on account of weak stomach Then is when  Grape-Nuts shows its power for it is  a most scientific and easily digested  food.  "About a year ago," writes a western woman, "my little six-year-old  niece moved to a new home. She  naturally had a change of diet and of  course a change of water, and some-  liow  she  contracted  typhoid   i'evcr.  "After a long siege her case seemed  hopeless, doctors gave her up, and she  was nothing but skin and bones, could  not cat anything and for weeks did  not know even her father or mother.  Her parents, in trying to get something delicate and nourishing that she  could oat. finally hit upon Grape-Nuts  food and it turned out to he just the  thing.  "She seemed to relish it, was soon  conscious of her surroundings, and began to gain strength so rapidly that in  a short time she was as well, playful  and robust as if she had never been  ill.  "We all feel that Grape-Nuts was  the predominating factor in saving  the sweet little girl's life."  Name given by Canadian Posluni  Co., Windsor, Ont.  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  interest.  Issue Three Cent Stamp  post office department has de-  to supply the demand for a  cent stamp to obviate the  necessity of placing an extra stamp  on letters for the war tax by issuing  an ordinary two cent stamp with a  distinguishing mark designating the  war tax. The desire of the department is to issue a stamp which will  disappear after the war, and the existence of a three cent stamp is not desired. The ordinary two cent stamp  will therefore be used, with a surcharged design upon its face similar  to that on the present one cent war  stain ii.  Do it Now.��������� Disorders of the digestive apparatus should be dealt with  at once before complications arise that  may. be difficult to cope with. The  surest remedy to this end and one that  is within reach of all, is I'armeler.'s  Pills, the host laxative and sedative  on .the market. Do not delay, but try  them now. One trial will convince  anyone that they arc the best stomach  regulator that can be got  SELLING   AGENTS   WANTED  In every town in Canada to sell "Sterling Clothes" to measure. They are absolutely -guaranteed.    Write for particulars.  ��������� STERLING   TAILORING   CO.,  535 College Street - Toronto  Insects' Appetites  If a baby had the appelite of a  young potato beetle it would eat from  50 lbs. to 100 lbs. of food every 21  hours. If a horse ate as much as a  caterpillar, in proportion to its size,  it would consume a ton of hay every  21 hours. A caterpillar eats twice  Its weight of leaves every day. but  a patota beetle devours every day at  least five times its weight of foliage,  every bit of which represents just, so  much money to the farmer. The most  destructive of all insects, however, is  the grasshopper, which in good  health, consumes in a day ten times  its weight of vegetation. No wonder  that whole districts are devastated by-  its  multitudinous swarms.  Then and Nov/  Aft?r less than sixteen months of  war, Germany lias infinitely less  chance of succeeding in its purpose  than Napoleon had when Pitt's political enemies sent him to a premature  grave. Future commentators on thy  war will see clearly that with the  close of the summer of 101". the worst  was past, and if Britishers of today  do not make ihe mistake that tltos-; of  tho first years of th.* last, century did  and interfere with the steady, ordered  march of sound policy we shall not  have lo wait fur long lietore its full  results art- apparent.���������Edmonton Journal.  "My  fa titer and   1   know  i  '���������very tiiinv  in Ihe world," said a small  boy to hi.-  companion.  ".All right," said the lath  r.  "Whertj  is Asia'.'"  It, was a stiff rptpstion, but  . the liltln  fellow answered coolly. '"11  tat is on;;  of the- (|tifs(ions my father  know.-."  Announcement   was   made    at  London war office  that in  futtir.;  pictorial  postcards  addrassed   to  trul countries will  bi slopped  by  censors.  the  >  all  11011-  thc  Murine  i?  pre-  ~ pared  by our I'ny-  sician.t,  an   uvtd    fur  . .. . many  yea is in  tlicir  fr5r.i pructier. now dedk-ur-  >i������K������~ir"r/r. f������rd  to  (lie Public find  y5D SaVI* ^oMI'vYonrrj.-utf-Kist.  6* HUB L-.^J'TryMiirinctoRclYMli.  Clonnse, and Strciirrtlieti Ky-a.-i fee exposure In  Cold Cnttinir Windi ;md IJitEt ,ind to restore  liea'lilu'iil tone to Kyra Reddened and made Koro  by Overwork and I'.ye Strain.  Somij broadmimk'd Pliyslriann 115c and recommend Murine v.-hilp others perlmps ji-alom of iti  Success, talk arid rush into print in opposition;  tliojr" wlio5f Hyps iippiI care can kuoss v.'liy, rt������  therein no Prescript ion fee in Murine1. Ju������thand  your T)nif;-frist 60c arid you have a Cornplcrc Pl.sc.  Eyo Eioolc���������Murine��������� Dropper���������and Cork Screw--  ready for use. Try it in your Rye/ and in B.-iby'*  Eyc.i for Eve Troubles ���������NnSniariinjf���������Just I'.y*  Cornl'drt. Write for Hook of the Kye Pre*.  Murin* Eye Remedy Company, Chlcssa  aLJuaniALUwuiu THE   SUN,    3RAND   FORKS,   B. C.  FINE  JEWELLERY  Let us help you pick that Present you are  i-joing to give. Welhave a beautiful line of  Gut GIass,SiIverware,lMantIe Clocks  At prices that  have not  been advanced  since the war.  A, D. MORRISON il%LD%Z5Z'TcN  Mw (Stand 3avk& Bun  G. A. EVANS, EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) SI.00  One Year (in the United States)      1.5U  Address all communications to  TlIK GitAND FOKKS SUN,  Phon'h 117-1 Grand Forks, B. C.  FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 1916  The judgment of the supreme court of  Canada, the highest tribunal in the country,  on the Kitsilano. Indian reserve appeal, is a  scatching'arraignment of a transaction which  was peculiarly Mr, Bewser's own. Mr. Justice  Idington described the commission allowed by  the government for the deal as "scandalous;"  he spoke of the "disagreeable surmises that  may arise in one's mind in surveying the unpleasant features" of the whole transaction.  His suggestiod that Mr. Bowser may have  been imposed upon by the two middlemen and  might have a case for the recovery of the  whole $80,000 was eloquently ironical. Mr.  Justice Anglin expressed his "amazement at  the assurance given by the member of the  Briaish Columbia government" precedent to  the deal. If the supreme court of Canada was  amazed at those features of the transaction  which affected only the squabble between the  middlemen over the spoils, we wonder what  would have been its sensation if it had reviewed all the circumstances connected with  this sordid affair.���������Victoria Times.  speakers. The Home Workers association was also referred  to in glowing terms,  The Christmas b-inquet was a   huge success.     It was a  case of "When good fellows get together."  The non commissioned officers and men of the battalion  had their celebration of Christmas also. The large marquee  of the Y.M.C.A. was requisitioned for thepurpose. There  was no shortage of rations in this case. The long tables  groaned under the weight of the good things provided.  Many were thegoodies from over the seas, while the ofli  cers of each company took care that there was no lack of  grub. The choruses that made the welkin ring was the best  evidence that the boys were happy and in the true Christ  mas spirit of ''Away Dull Care " The Little Black Devils  had a good Christmas, Their many friends over the sea  can rest tis.sured of that fact.  The Drum  The Independent Company of Rifles of this  wants recruits. If you have any intention of  serving your king and country, now is the  jH'oper time to enlist.  The fruit growers of the province are rejoicing over the increase in the duty on apples  imported in this country. If the objectionable  Dumping Clause had been abolished, they  would have more cause for jubilation. It is  against this feature of our customs laws that  the fruit growers have mainly complained.  The bye-election in Victoria will be held  on Saturday, March 4. This will Mr. Flum-  erfelt a few days more of ministerial life than  his recently appointed colleagues.  Our Christmas Dinner  (From The Listening Post, Printed at   the Front   by   the  Seventh Canadian Infantry Battalion )  When St Nicholas was distributing his Christmas gifts  this year he favored the Little Black Devils by permitting  them to spend their Christmas Day in   Divisional Reserve  at   B  camp.     This   is  a   very pretentious place���������  wooden huts with pitched roofs and two-foot walls for living accommodation; also a large hut used as a lecture room  and miscellaneous purposes.  Adaptability is a Canadian characteristic, so it was inevitable that a few days' respite from the restricted trench  area should find all hands prepa.ied to celebrate Chrstmas  to the best of their necessarily limited  material   resources.  'The fact that all officers of the battalion dined in mess  for the first time on the night of the twenty fifth since  coming to France portended something out of the ordinary,  and this was only possible because of the large hut.  The culinary stuff surmounted great difficulties in the  preparation of the meal, and how it was all cooked on the  littlf) 2 by 2 stove is a secret that the chef would not divulge.   But cooked it was, and excellently, too.  Lack (if space precluded the possibility of having many  guests, but it was a source of gratification that?a number  (if the brigade staff were in attendance Among them was  our Yankee ex machine gun officer, who arrived in kilts.  'Gene said he'd try anything once. Certainly Solomon in  all his glory had nothing on Houghton.  A pleasing announcement was made during the evening  of the rank of lieutenant colonel. The genial C.C. was the  recipient of many congratulation on this Christmas gift.  The customary toasts were duly honored, including  those of "Our Allies" and "Canada," while the impressive  silence that followed the toast "Absent Friends" was a  deep tribute to the memory of the men who have lain down  their lives in our glorious cause, those incarcerated in German prisons, and at a time like this one's thougnts naturally reverted to the loved ones across the sea.  A pleasing feature of the many speeches was tho kindly  reference to our sister battalions of the second hriga.de,  than whom there are none better, while the divisions and  Canadian forces in general were eulogized by   the   various  Mark! I hear the tramp of thousands,  And of armed men tho hum;  Lo! a nation's hosts have gathered  Hound the quick alarming drum���������  Saying "Come,  Freemen, come! ���������  Ere your   heritage  he  waited," says the. quick alarming  drum.  ''Let me of my heart take counsel;  War is not of life the sum;  Who shall stay and reap the harvest  When the autumn days shall come?"  Bnt the drum  Echoed "Come,  Death shall reap the braver   harvest," said    the   solemn-  sounding drum.  ' But when won the coming battle  Whnt of profit springs therefrom?  What if conquest, subjugation,  Even greater ills become1?''  But the drum  Answered  'iCome!  You must do   the putn   and   prove it;" said the Yankoe-  .   answering drum.  "What if 'mid the cannon's thunder,  Whistling shot and bursting bomb,  When my brothers fall around me,  Should my heart grow cold and numb?"  But the drum  Answered "Come  Better   there   in death   united  than   in   life a recreant���������  come!" ���������Bret Harte  Fun From the Front  (From   the   Listening   Post, Printed at the Front   bv the  Seventh Canadian Infantry Battalion )  Seene���������Transport Lines  Time���������6 a m  Subaltern (arriving from English leave)���������Heavens,  but I am hot and thirstv.  Youthful T. O.���������How would a Scotch and soda taste  just now1?    Come over to my tent with me.  Subaltern���������Sure I will.     Have you got some Scotch?  Y. T. O.���������No. but we can talk about it.  Canadian Tommy (somewhere in Francs) to French  shopkeeper���������Speak English, Moosoo?  French Shopkeeper���������Rut yes, a leetla, M'sieu.  Can Tommy���������Right y'are; give yours trooly ten pounds  of spuds, an arnce o' baccy, h packet o' fags and a box o'  lights; do you get me, Steve?  Mrs. O'Brien ��������� And how is your brave soldier son getting along at the front? .        .  Mrs; Flanatran���������Sure, an' he must be'doing- foine. He  says, says he, that afther having a D.C M. he's promoted  from corporal to lance'coporal .  More truth than poetry���������  In six days the Lord made heaven and earth. Then the  devil got busy on barbed wire unci machine guns.  "The way of the transgressor is hard." Contemplating  our endless weary miles of Belgian pave one must conclude  that the 1st B 0. 'sare hopeless sinners.  "A fool there was, and he made his prayers,  Even as you or I;  To a rag, a bone, and a hank of hair "  Judging from Kipling's life-like description, he must  have been billeted in a Belgian farm house when he wrote  the above.  When will the "powers that be" realize that a man returning from seven days' leave to England should be given  three days to rest and  recupe.tate?  "Where was Bill hit?" asked the survivor of a charge.  "In the sternum,-' replied the M. O  "That's a sanguinary untruth.     Bill wouldn't run from  the best Hun in the kaiser's army."  Folkestone Landlady���������Yes, sir, the rent of this room is  two pounds per day, and very nice, too.  Officer���������Good heavens, woman, I am not a Canadian.  Folkestone Landlady���������Oh! A thousand pardons, sir.  It will be seven and six a day to you.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys.    No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  TENDERS    WANTED  For live Cedar Poles of following dimensions: Two  Poles 45 feet long, Ten Poles 40 feet long, Forty-five  Poles 35 feet long; none less than eight inches at top  end. Must be out green, and trimmed. To be delivered at any point named in Grand Forks not later than  May 1st. 1916 Sealed bids marked "Tender for  Polos." addressed to the undersigned, to be oppned on  March 13 th.  JOHN A. BUTTON, City Clerk,  Grand Forks, B. C.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink. Also imprinted wrappers.- - Our prices  are right.    ��������� ^ ''  W SUN PRINT SHOP  ���������  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always oii hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.   ,  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  IT IS EASY TO MAKE PERFECT BREAD  WITH  P. O  SOLD ONLY  AND GUARANTEED TO BE EQUAL TO THE BEST FLOUR  ON THE MARKET. AND FOR LESS MONEY.  FOR SALE ONLY BY-  ART FEED & SUPPLY CO,, LTD.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS IN  FLOUR, FEED. HAY AND GRAIN  BOX 610 FIRST  STREET TELEPHONE 95  Agents for the Tale-Princeton Lump and Nut Goal.  Prices: Nut, 86.50; Lump, S7.50 per ton.  A Clean-Cut  Argument  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait C  oai %  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Ffrst Street  Tei.kphonks;  OFFICE,  RK6  Hansen's Residence. K38  - John Warmmaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at AH Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  IW. H. Barns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou .itry  V THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  ���������1  /  THE ROSSLA  Some of the-best speakers in the  ranks of the- Liberal party are  scheduled to aid the Liberal candidate, Mayor William 'W. Willson!  in his cunpaign in that cons-tituency  in the bye-election for the provincial  house, and the contest as far as oratory is concerned promises to surpass anything of the kind ever witnessed in the Golden City, says the  Ross land. Miner.  Liberal Leader BrewsteJ, Messrs.  Ralph Smith, John Oliver, J. W.  D. deB. Farris and J. S. Cow per  are among the Liberals who are expected, and they will remain in  Rossland for several days.  The local Liberals, as soon as the  announcement was made of the bye-  election, took no chances, but im-  mediately secured the Miners'  Union hall, and it is in that place  that the bom bard medt of the political trenches of the enemy vviil be  begun.  All these men are gifted orators,  and some eloquent political appeals  will no douht be beard.  The first meeting is scheduled for  Friday evening, February 18. at S  u'clok iu the Miners' Union ball.  and .mo'thars, and all ^philanthropic  institutions, painting, the horrible  suffering of the Serbian refugees,  the starvation of the population  staying at home in Serbia, the pain  ful scenes of the desperate mothers  arid-frozen children. Many''thousands of refugees, are dispersed in "the  villages of Greece, in. the Albanian  desert "or-: in- the rocky hollows of  Montenegro, without home, without  food. The J if e of these ��������� refugees is'  now nothing else than a,slow dying  out. , This help will be a' real help  only if it comes as quickly as possible.  Such appeals have been made  from the following funds:  The Serbian Archbishop   of    Be]  grade's relief fund for   the  families  of the fighting men.  The St Helen's.relief fund for the  orphans, whose fathers were killer]  in the war  The Parliamentary fund for the  relief of Serbian refugees.  The Serbian Red Cross fund for  the wounded soldiers.  The generous Honors who would  help any of the above mentioned  unds are kindly requester] to send  their contributions through the  Serbian legation, 195 Queens Gate  London, S. W  Please do not forget to mark for  which of the funds the donation is  destined, which, will bo duly ac  knowledged  Burrell Recovering Slowly  "Ottawa, Feb. 14.���������Hon. Martin  Burrell, who was seriously burned  in the parliament building fire, is  recovering, but his progress is slow.  It is rather doubtful if the minister  will-:-be able to again attend the  session. ' He is suffering from ner-  vous'shock as well as fromburns.and  may take a trip south when able.  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS, .  GASES OS INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  ���������    grains food, ending all "stomach  misery in five minutes.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE PROM DANDRUFF  Time It! In five minutes all stomach distress' will go. No indigestion,  hoarlburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, fou)  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed, in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach reni-  ody in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever- by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or-any  sr.onvK"i disorder. It's.the quickest  sure* ind most harmless siomac;  doctor xn the world.  tnjoyed Christmas Gifts  Mis. Charles Mudge, of this city,  has received the following letter  from her son, Pte. M. F. Mudge, of  the battalion; first British Columbia  regiment, who is a prisoner of war  at Giessen, Germany:  '���������You   will   see   by   the date that  this was written on New-Year's day  I am afraid that Christmas and   the  New Year were vtry  strange for  us  all,-both here and everywhere.    All  the festivities we had on  both  days  was   a   singsong   in   the   evening,  wirch lasted   until S   o'clock, when  th-y put the lights oat. I must now  g ve you a few commissions,-mother  dear, or rather ask you to give them  to   d^id.    Please   write   to Mr. and  Mrs    Harry   Bird,  of  Nelson; Jim  Kelley, South Slocan, and Mrs. Bar  le-, also the Pythian Sisters of  Nei-  >o-i,   thanking  them   all'for parcels  received in good order.    I  have re  ceived all parcels, sent from Canada  and have acknowledged them all in  letters to yon, but it.<-ejms as though  letters   and    post   ca'-ds   have  not  been     reaching   you   sajVJy.   How  I wish I could be with you and help  you in your sickness.   Do not *vorry  about Charley or   myself; we  sha  be all right     Let us hope it will not  be long now before we   are   together  again.  Please give my best wi-hes 'o  all in Grand Forks and tell   them  I  think of them often. Mont."  Girls! Try It! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  ir  -i.o for heavy hair that glistens \ .in beauty' and is "radiant "with  life; iias an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves' every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its- very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishness and itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loose:: and die; then the hair falls out  fact Surely get a 25-������ent bottle of  Kno.vlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just,try. It  Yale  Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  E.W.Barrett  o4uctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere,   Any    Time.  Stocks a Specialty*  GRAND   FORKS, B.C.    i  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (I'tiblishod Annually)  Enables traders   throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of g-oods. Besides bein?r a complete commercial snide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contuius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goodsthey ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign-Markets they.supply;  'STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailing;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of loading- Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns aud Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A. copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for S5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlnrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  -25, Abehurch Lane, London, E.C.  Appeal for the Help  of Suffering Serbia  The Serbian minister in London  has the honor to convey his warmest thanks to all the benevolent donors who generously have sent until  now their donations through the  >S������rbiiin legation for sevpral relief  funds existing m Serbia.  At the fame time the Serbian  minister has to announce that several relief funds in Seibia are sending through him their appeal to all  benevolent men an.d women, fat herd  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing'of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENDB  (ljnn I'liRACRE-TheoldC.ruhnm much of  vD������iU 312 neres, ut Cnsende, can be purchased at .?20 per acre, if tukon at once. W.  K. Esling, owner, Rossland, B. 0.  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected In your section  SHIP YOTJR FURS DIREC.T <o "SHUI5ERT" the largest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMIUiCAN RAW TIMS  a reHfible���������responsible��������� safe Fur Ilouse with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century." a long successful record of sending Fur Shippers prompt.SATISFACTORY  AIs D PROFITABLE returns. Write tor "Cbc j&fjiilim Shipper."  the onlyreliable, accurate market repo-t and price list published.  Vfrito for 3i-NCV> -ii'a lUKE  A   B   SHURFRT   \~,"   23-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  ������4. A>������ u>\ AtJRjCtEK. 3. j 1.1,., n     j r ������7 CHICAGO, U.S.A  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKKS WANTh'I) ������s njjents for our hitfh  L'rmle bicvWes. Wrltn for low prices to  THOS. PL, IM LEY'S CYC I, IS WORKS, ViC-  TORIA.H.C.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK  your   ropnlrs  to   Armson, Pboe   ro-  Iiuirer.    Tho   Hub.    book for  the   Biir  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHKHT CASH PRICES paid for old Stoves  nnd   Riuiges.    K. C.  Pccklmm,   Secondhand Storo.  FOR RENT-HOUSES  iMsxiaaijJSxSCS53B3K������������H^U*^.J^  POOD   five-room  house; two   bionics  1    post office.   Apply this ollioo.  Assuring Your  sm ss  C_y4 policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is mtell worth its annual  cost.  Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of temptation  ���������they may1 be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this community will shop -with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do  so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Not  to  advertise regularly   to,  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave  your- business unprotected.  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that, your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop  vs.V' ;?THE    SUN,    G11AXI)    FORKS,    B. C  ������ s^^M^m^^^^mz^M^^mmwms^M^^^^^^  Edwardsburg  Spread  the Bread  'CroTt'ti Brand' Corn  Syrup and the children's  j craving for sweets will be  completely satisfied. .  Bread and 'Crozvu Brand'  form a perfectly balanced  food���������rich in the elements  that go to build up sturdy,  healthy children!  ' !9  is so economical and so good, that it is little wonder that millions  ol pounds arc eaten every year in the homes; of.Canada.  'Croivn Brand'���������-the children's favorite ��������� is  equally good for all cooking purposes and  candy making.  ���������'LILY WHITE'- is apure ivhiteCorn Syrup,  not so pronounced in flavor as 'Crown Brand'.  You viay prefer it.  ASK YOUR  GROCER ���������IN 2, Si 10 AND 20 LB. TINS  The Canada Starch Co. Limited, Montreal  Manufacturers of the famous Edwardsburg Brands  m wmmmmmmm^miimmm^^immi^mmm^^mmM^ss^^f^^^  Opposite the Union Station. We call it "The House of Comfort," because  of the many innovations -'..and,".modern improvements designed to give our  ���������guests ."maximum comfort at minimum Cost." Then again all of our employees take a personal pride in doing something to add materially to the  comfort of our guests. Rates���������American Plan, $2.50���������������3.00 per day without,  bath; S3.00���������$3.50 per day with bath; also European ��������� l'lan if preferred. Say  "CaHs-RiteH to the Red Cap at the station and in', one minute your journey  has ended.. ���������  Ask  to see  the Safety,  Self-Filling  and Regular  Types  Every pen desire can be gratified  and every hand fitted. Prices $2.50  to $150.00.   Be explicit:���������ask for the  genuine.Waterman's Ideal.  Sold at the Best Stores  . L.   E.   Waterman   Company,   Limite  107   Notre   Dame   St.,   W., Montreal  .������taimB^mjlMg;������BgrftamwE-g.z^^  FREE TO ALL SUFFERERS  f f l*.... f*������nt 'rt,' r nfcn.-.'.'.'ui.i. nn.. ��������� ��������� ..  if -.-.,!! feci 'oe r of so .its' 'rl-n- down- 'got the blues"  f'_ I'hrlK from KIU.VRV. BLADDER, NERVOUS DISEASES.  tnROKU-.WKAKSESS.fl.CKRS.SKIS ERUPTIONS.PILES.  write for FREE cloth bound medical book on  EJJ"������ i',"?Ae5.iJ"=L.W0NI,,!:RFt;r- CURES effected by  YHE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N-1 N.2N.3  ������������������������������>��������� n  i������������n m ���������������������.h >������������. ������ ��������� anddecidefor  ���������. m ��������� cw ai ao-aa a y&r ��������� tJ yourself if it ii  ihs remedy for YOUR ov.-.s- aliment. Absolutely FREE  Xo'follow up circu!nrs. No obligations. Dr. LECl.Er'C  MKU Cn,f(AVEI'.SrOr;KI<[).ilAKHSTEAD  LO.VDON.K.NU  WIS   WANT  TO   PROVE TH1SRANOK WII.I. CVU   JOU.  Furs Have Advanced  Shiptoltoffers. Weeivelibcralgrade*,  full value in caahandquickreturns. Wo  have best market in America for Fura, Hides, etc.  No commission.   Write today for free price list.  Trappors' Supplies at Factory Prices  ROGERS FUR COMPANY, Oept.T       St.Louis, Mo.  LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED  by   Cuttci'j   Blacklsj   Pills.     Liw-  prlced. fresh,  reliable; preferred by  Western stockmen bftcaus* they protest    where    other    vacolnti    fail.  Wrlto for booklet and testimonial:!.  10.dose pkqe. Blackleg Pills $1.00  50-doir pkite.  Blackleg Pills   -1.00  T'so any Injector, but Cutter's best.  Tho stinerl'.itlt.v of f'ttttcr products la due to ow  15  year* of specializing In vaccines  and  serums only.  Insist on Ctilter'n.    If unobtainable, order direct.  THE   CUTTEfl   LABORATORY,   Berkeley,   CtlifornlB.  A Logical Ending  Tho total numerical superiority o  Ihe male population of the allies over;  I he enemy is overwhelming;, points ;  out .Mr. Reginald .MeKenna. Thai he-|  ing llio case, and even if other resources were only equal, there can I  he only one ending to the war if nil |  are determined on a fight to tt finish.��������� j  .Montreal Gazette.  Germany's Future  Famine and  Privation May Soon Lead  to a Revolution  "Within the German empire there  are signs and portents that recall vividly the first mutterings of the storm  that broke upon France at the revolution. We arc told that the supply of  food in Germany is abundant, yet the  chancellor under authority given him  has just fixed the price at which potatoes may be sold by the producer and  by the marketman. There is enough  to spare of everything, yet the prices  of the commonest commodities are  under government control. Nobody  goes hungry, but the people have been  warned that they must not carry their  clamor for butter and table supplies  to the point of breaking the grocer's  windows, ami the severe penalties imposed upon rioters have been officially  called to their attention. The last  issue of imperial bonds are paid for  in paper, since the people long ago  surrendered practically all the gold in  their possession to the imperial bank.  FJy this process of bond issue the government, can be kept in paper funds  indefinitely, but in spile of.price regulations the discount upon the paper  currency will increase. One measure  of the discount was the very disquieting increase in prices of commodities.  ���������Xew York Times.  Freedom from Asthma. Asthma is  one of the most distressing troubles,  sudden in its attacks and prolonged  in its agonies. Frequently many  tilings aro tried, but nothing seems to  give hope of relief. Dr. J. D. Kel-  logg'.s Asthma Remedy is the one'help  which can he depend ed upon. If you  have tried other remedies without  success, do not fail to get at once a  package of this uniformly successful  preparation.  W. N. U.  1085  Value of Rotation  One plot at the Norlh Dakota Experiment Station that, has been in  wheat, for fifteen years has produced  -00- bushels. A similar plot that has  been in corn one year followed by  wheat throe years, and so on  ihroughout the fifteen years, has produced 2'.W)'\ bushels of wheat, while  another plot on which the corn was  manured and followed by three crops  of wheal, produced 262% bushels of  wheat. ' The total returns for the  three plots were: For rite first,  $1.0!i.'!!), for the second $170..1O and the  third $1.P6.00, or nearly twice a3  much as from the first, one. This is  a. fine demonstration of how the most  simple rotation greatly increases the  returns.  Farmers' Co-Operative  Associations Grow  Now One Hundred and Eighty-nine  Organizations  in  Saskatchewan  One hundred' and eighty-nine cooperative associations of farmers for  the purpose of trading, producing,  purchasing, and marketing have been  registered since the inception of the  Co-operative Branch of the Saskatchewan Department of Agriculture in  December, 1913. The reoprts obtained from these organizations go to  show that a great increase in the  volume of business is to be recorded  this year when the final returns are  made. As an indication of the increase of activities, comparative figures in one line are given.  In the marketing of livestock during the year 3914 only nine associations took part and marketed about  ISO cars. During J 9115 up to November, 3,013 associations had reported  100 cars of livestock marketed, with  prospects of swelling the total to 125  before December 31.  The Co-operative branch is forwarding this particular phase of the farmers'.-work; and to that end arrangements have been made whereby an  experienced man from tho department will be'sent to any organization  ,of farmers, whether registered, or  not, which will make application for  help. ���������': This expert will assist the  farmers to organize their first co-operative; shipment- of livestock, help  the local manager, receive and mark  shipments, go to the market and sell,  then return and apportion the expense accounts to the shippers aud  make returns. The services of this  man are absolutely free, even his expenses being paid from the offices of  the Co-operative branch.  A special bulletin has been prepared on co-operative organization, and  any farmer in the province desiring  one can obtain it by making application to the director of co-operative  organization work at the parliament  buildings, Regina.  State  of Ohio,--city of Toledo,   \       ss.  Lucas   County. ���������������������������������������������]���������  Frank J. Cheney, makes oath that hej  'l.i senior partner of the firm of F. J.  Cheney &'Co.,-.doing: business in the City  ,of Toledo, County and State aforesaid,  'and that said firm will pay the sum of  ,ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS ' for each  and every case of Catarrh that cannot  I ,be cured by the use of HALLS CAT-'  IARRH CURB.  '     ��������� FRANK  J.   CHENET.  Sworn to before me and subscribed in  any presence, tins 6th day of December,'  A.D.  1886.  i Halt's Catarrh Cure is taken iritemal-|  :Iy and acts directly upon the blood and  imucous surfaces of the system. Send for,  testimonials,   free.  , - F.   J.    CHENEY/   &   CO.,   Toledo.   O.  Sold   by   all   Druggists,   75c.  Take   Halt's   Family.    Rills   for   Con-  .'Btipa'tion.-'-'--���������---.-----       - -----  ���������   Rural School  Ideals  The  re-directed  rural  school  must  come  nearer to  supplying the needs  of the people that it serves.  It must increase the earning of its  people so that they may have attractive homes, good roads and better  schools. Not only must the rural  school aid in these things, but it must  help the people in the country to see  and appreciate the things about them  and 'make the life in the country  more tolerable���������cause the farmer not  to see his soil as lifeless, inert dirt,  but as .nature's laboratory in which  every cultivation and application of  fertilizers results in reactions that  are beneficial to him.���������Rural Educator.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Storing Vegetables  Vegetables must be stored under  the conditions that will keep them in  the best condition for use. Mr. II.  O. Yerner of the North Dakota Experiment Station gives the following  pointers: In the first place they  should be handled carefully. Bruises  form a place "for decay germs to enter.  The vegetables store best if a little  immature. Cabbage, celery and root  crops keep -best at low temperature,  with a fairly moist atmosphere and  good ventilation'. Onions keep best  just above freezing in a dry atmosphere. Squashes and pumpkins need  a dry atmosphere at about 50 degrees.  Celery when dug is really transplanted, as it has to be kept growing when  in storage. Dig if with a good deal of  soil oi) the roofs and plant closely in  sand or loose, damp soil in a cool cellar or pit. The root crops keep best  when buried in sand or soil in a cool  place. The vegetables, excepting celery, will keep better it well dried in  the sun before beiug stored.  "I'm afraid, Johnny." said the Sunday school teacher, rather severely,  "that r will never meet you in heaven."  "Why?    What you  been doin'?"  can be maintained by  adapting tfce right nourishment, and Nature's owa oil-  food in Scott's Emulsion  lias strengthened thousands of men  and women to continue their work  and usefulness for many years.  Scott'a Emulsion is a food, a medicine and a tonic to keep the  blood rich, avoid rheumatism  and thwart nervous conditions.  It is free from injurious acids  or any harmful drug*. The best  physicians proscribe it.     u-30  Demand For Sheep  Taxes the Supply  Farmers   Showing   New    Interest   in  Industry as Wool Prices Are up  The sheep industry in Saskatchewan  this year has taken such an abnormal  course that officials of the department  of agriculture have been taxed to get  the supply for buyers and farmers,  says Hie Saskatoon Star.  P. M. Bredt, acting livestock commissioner, has been a very busy man  during the last month trying to locate  a sufficient" number of sheep for the  people of,'the province who.have flooded his office with requests. He has  been able to secure about 1,200 animals since the sale in Regina on Oct.  27, when 1,500. were sold. There are  hundreds yet to bo found and the result is that sheep owners on Western  .ranges have raised the price, which  now ranges at $S per head for range  ewes.' ���������;.���������' ��������� ���������   ,:";::..  The development of the sheep industry in Saskatchewan during the  last three years has been phenomenal  and farmers are asking for the animals in large numbers. The good  prices being paid for wool during the  last two years have been partly responsible for the great impetus in the  sheep industry and judging for the  future sheep men of the province are  very optimistic, according to reports  from the department of agriculture.  Mixed farming, according to these  farmers, has come to be looked upon  as a necessity instead of a hobby in  the, province and the ranges are fast  disappearing. ���������;  One of the most important branches  of mixed farming is sheep raising,  which is  receiving great attention.  Course in Road Building  State of Illinois Furthering the Cause  of  Improved   Highways  In view of the fact that one.of the  serious problems to be faced iu the  rural districts in the west is that of  building roads, it is of interest to note  what other places are doing to solve  this problem. The following article  is taken, from a recenl issue of the  Press Bulletin of the- University of  Illinois:  "No fees, no examinations and no  other perquisites are demanded for  the short, popular course in highway  engineering. All citizens are interested in this work, but the talks and  instructions are intended to be of particular value to the men who are  building tho country roads* and also  to the engineers in city employment.  ; "Civil engineers of the University  of Illinois, in * co-operation with the  state highway department, wil1. hold  the third annual short course highway engineering at Urbana on Jan.  10th to 22nd, -191G.  The programme, which is now in  course of preparation, will include  } lecturers well known in this field.  The subjects treated will cover, not  only constructive features, but huso  social and financial problems of road  andv bridge building. In conjunction  with the^lectures, an opportunity will  be given to those who"desire to carry  on a definite and systematic study of.  the subjects."  Miller's Worm Powders will purge  the stomach and intestines of worms  so effectively and so easily and painlessly that the most delicate stomach  will not feel any inconvenience from  their action. They recommend themselves to mothers as a preparation  that, will restore strength and vigor  to their children and protect them  from the debilitating effects which  result from the depredations of worms-  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, &c.  Ridge up the Land  How the winter's frosts can mellow  up the soil! Old, hard clay fields, if  plowed up late in the fail, left in  ridges just as a field of .turnips or of  corn, will be frozen through, and the  roots and all.vegetable humus will be  frozen. Alternate freezing and  thawing will break down their fibrous  integuments, and with the final thawing out of spring the warm sun can  penetrate in turn. Decomposition will  set free the elements in the vegetable  matter. Ic will combine with the elements of the soil. Chemical activity  will increase and the stores of plant  food in both the soil and the vegetable matter will be set free. How  the young plants will feed upon it  and grow!  It pays to ridge up the land iu the  late fall. Especially after a wet season such as the one just past, its benefits to heavy land will be big. Old  sods will work down in the springtime into nice, mellow seed beds, and  tho harmful inhabitants will have  been exposed to the cold and frost  and will be dead. It will pay well In  many ways to ridge up the fields before the close of winter.  No Escape For Germany  The neutral nations that succeeded  so well in restraining their impatience and holding their peace while  Belgium was being devastated will  need to" hold their peace still a little  longer while the war proceeds such  lengths as will place Belgium securely  on her feet again.  The neutral powers which had  nothing to say -while Germany -was  winning battles in all directions are  now being influenced in a hundred  secret ways, to intervene with proposals for peace, on such terms as  w'ill'permit Germany to retain a good  deal of her plunder, but more particularly to escape the- retribution for her  crimes which now menaces her in  whichever .direction she looks.'There  is to be no such escape for Germany.  ���������Toronto Star.  Only the uniformed endure Mia  agony of corns. The knowing ones apply Hollowav's Corn Cure and get relief.  Egg Famine Feared  There is a possibility of an egg famine in Canada this winter. There has'  been a big demand for Canadian eggs  from Great Britain and this is likely  to cause a shortage which only can  be made up by imports from the United States.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  "India continues generously to support, the war funds. The movement  in Laho'^ .or northern India to supply seven aeroplanes to be named after the. big rivers of Punjab, at a cost  of $1"5,000. is progressing. The latest  gifts, include munition workshops, the  loan of mechanics for Ambulance  Corps motors, besides various other  donations'. The native rulers of India have matte generous concessions  to their subjects who are on active  service by exempting them from  taxes and granting them other concessions."  Jackie's aunt, on a visit, had admonished hini over some trick he had  just played upon her.  "Never mind. Jack," remarked his  sister. "I don't think she'll stay  much, longer; she didn't bring any  luggage with her."  Jackie  was dubious,  however.  "I don't know that much," he replied, "fiOok how that baby is staying on. and he didn't bring any with  Mm."  "Be careful, sir���������be v-e-r-y careful  ���������and remember that you are on  oath!" ominously said the pinfeathety  young attorney, whose brow bulged  like the back of a snapping turtle,  addressing a witness. 'Now tell us,  sir, was every pane of glass in the  west window broken when you passed  the house."  "They were on the outside," was  the cautious reply. "1 didn't outer  the houes to see whether they were  also broken on the inside.''  is uoggei  That'o Why  You're  Tiretl���������Out of  Sort*���������Have no Appetite.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  will put you right  in n lev days,  They  do  their d'iy  Cure  Constipation,  Biliousntst, Indigestion, an������ Sick Headache.  Small Pill, Small Doae, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature I  A  i  y-> :q:he  sun," grand  fores* b.a  ;'s  A READJUSTMENT TO MEET THE NEW CONDITIONS  The   Great Problem   of Restoring to Useful Occupations a Very-  Considerable  Proportion  of   Canada's   Male Population  Which will be out of Employment After the War  The war may not be over till ihe  fall of 19"!6, but the result is no longer in doubt. In less than a year Canada will have to readjust her' productive machinery so thSt employment  may be- found not only for a quarter-  million of returning soldiers withdrawn from industry at various times  since August, 1914, but for .consider-  . ably over a hundred thousand men  engaged at present in-the production  of shells, rifles, uniforms, accoutrements, and general military supplies.^  This vast host to be restored to the  occupations of peace represents more  than one in four of all males in Canada, between the ages of twenty and  thirty-nine. The census of 1911 showed tliat the Dominion then had a very  great preponderance of men, especially between the ages of twenty and  thirty-nine,   indicating   that   immigra-  ��������� tion had consisted largely of men in  the prime of life. There were 8S5,-  855 men between the ages of twenty  and twenty-five, and only 320,-l;!5  women. The disparity of the sexes  was even greater between the ages of  twentv-five and twenty-nine, the men  numbering 370,494 and the women  287,684. This marked excess of men  over women of corresponding age continues until the period fifty to (iffy-  five years is reached, in which the  men total 152,718 and the women 132,-  '36(i.  These figures conclusively prove  that tens of thousands of the returning soldiers must be absolutely foot  loose, with no family ties drawing  them back to'the places whence they  came, and no home circle to re-absorb  them. That fact /makes Canada's task  much more complex, for it may involve a great congestion of labor at  a few points instead of the spreading  of the army of the returning soldiers  over the entire Dominion. The need  of the moment is complete co-ordination between the various governmental organizations of the country���������national, provincial and civic���������so that  the men will be effectively aided in  finding places where they can add to  the productivity of the Dominion. For  the maimed and the broken down in  health there will'doubtless be preference in the tilling of posts in the public service, but they will form a relatively small proportion of the total.  The great mass of Canada's soldiers  and shell makers must become cultivators of the soil, miners, mechanics  and unskilled industrial workers. Tho  railway and the town building booms  are over, and tens of thousands of  railway laborers and of men formerly  engaged in the building trades will  have to-change their occupations.  To accomplish this without serious  hardship it will be necessary-..to. set  Janadian scientists to work search-  ���������ng out new processes upon which successful ' manufacturing enterprises  '-.nay be built up, ami to organize the  back-to-lhe-land movement in a way  not heretofore attempted. Millions  have been spenc .in the past upon  bringing in settlers who, when they  took possession of their homesteads,  were left to shift for themselves, although wise counsel and financial  help, were then more needed than  ever before. If Canada is to uLilize  her magnificent grain and pasture  lands as the chief source of her future prosperity some of the care bestowed upon and the favors accorded  to the_manufacturing industries of the  cities 'must be directed to the agriculturist.' The' government cannot by  legislation. enhance the prices obtained by grain growers for their export  surplus, because prices for such products are set in the world's open markets, but it can arrange that the farmer shall' be provided with cheap capi7  tal through land credit banks such as  most progressive nations' already  have, and it can lessen the cost of  transportation, as well as teach the  newcomer what to do and what to  leave undone in the cultivation of his  land. '   ���������  The gVeat problem of restoring to  useful -productive occupations a very  considerable proportion of Canada's  adult male population will be upon us  before many months. What are those  in authority doing to face and solve  it?���������Toronto  Globe.  Brutal Treatment of  Russian Prisoners  Germans Tie Them to Bench and Lash  Their  Bare  Bodies  The following story of German  treatment of Russian prisoners is  printed by'the Russky-Slovo of Moscow, which sent a correspondent to  the occupied parts of Poland, where  he spent two months. The story  comes from a Russian prisoner who  escaped from a German prison.  This man was made a prisoner in  Fay, and interned with a lot of others  in Posen. But in the words of the  prisoner: .  "One day the sergeant said to us:  'Take pickaxes and spades and come  along-with us.'  " 'What are we-to. do?' we asked.  " 'Dig trenches,' he replied.  -.-"'It is better to die, comrades,'  said our non-commissioned officer,  'than to break our. oath of fidelity,'  'Yes, yes,' we shouted, 'we will not  fight our own people.'  "The G-^rnnr.s then tried to force  us, but we lay down and fought and  struggled. Finally the sergeant said,  'I'll teach you a lesson.' A wooden  bench.was brought in and we were  lined up against it and our hands and  feet tied. They took four of us at a  time and beat us with sticks over our  bare bodies. This was done in the  presence of the townspeople, who  wept and called out, 'Enough, you  beasts.'  ���������    "A   Catholic  priest  in   his   surplice  blessed  us  with his crucifix."  Battle 7,000 Feet Up  Dizzy Heights on Which the Battle  Rages in the Alps  Those familiar with the most noted  of Alpine heights will follow the  Italian campaign witli intense interest.  The Italians fighting iu the Trcn-  tino have gained a real success in  the capture of the Col di Lana, north  of the Dolomites,' which gives them  control of a main road running  southwest ti Trent. Lately the  Italians attacked on the summit of  the Salesei ridge (about 7,000 feet  highj, a pivot of the enemy's defence consisting of a- redoubt and a  number of contiguous trench works.  The enemy's lines of defence having been wrecked by artillery, the  infantry charged'them with the bayonet and carried them taking prisoners 277 Kaiser Jager (Alpine troops),  t) of whom were officers. S machine  guns, and much war material.  Along the Isonzo front tho Italian  troops renewed their attacks and carried positions in the Plava sector and  on the Podgora heights. Four hundred and eighty prisoners were taken.  In the Carso progress was made along  the northern sloops of Mount San  Michelc and towards San Martino del  Carso.  All of these names are very familiar to those' who travel, or are interested in what has been for years  the great holiday playground or  Europe.  Pro-German Papers in U. S.  Still    Coming   to    Canada,   Says   Prof.  Riethdorf, and   He   Declares  They  Are   Badly   Informed  Prof. F. V. Riethdorf, late of Woodstock College, who is presenting the  case of the allies among Canadians of  German birth and descent in Western  Ontario, is indignant that German-  American newspapers still find their  way to Ontario, and spoke of the misleading-statements  they contained.  "Up to fifteen yoai-s ago," said he,  "German-Americans were looked  down upon by German officialdom  and called traitors. William II.' saw  the mistake and realized that these  immigrants had become influential,  and consequently changed his policy.  Prince Henry's visit was\ the first  step. Prior to 1900 German newspapers in the United States attacked  and criticized German militarism  freely. This has changed. The editors were invited to Germany by the  Kaisar and entertained royally by  him, Hermann Ridder especially. As a  result they became and are today  more outspoken in approval of everything German than the most outspoken'Prussian Junker papers. -  "After the outbreak of the war Ridder, in his Staats-Zeitung, published  daily a column in English,. The War  From Day to Day,' which was bombastic, full of generalities and false  statements, showing gross ignorance  of history. While expressing conviction in Germany's ultimate victory,  between the lines there can be seen  his fear that if the war lasts another  year or two there will be another  story.  "These articles were signed by him  up to his death, although he was not  in a physical condition for some time  to have been responsible for them.  One of his young sons, who continues  tho articles under'his own signature,  must have been responsible for them  long before the death of his father.  This young man is the American-  born son of an American-born father,  for Hermann Ridder was born in New  York. Ho knows no more about German conditions in Germany than a  schoolboy of twelve years of age, and  he is now the editor of the leading  German newspaper on the American  continent, trying to instruct persons  of German blood in Canada and the  United States.  "It is a pleasure to inc to see three  leading New York papers, the Times,  Evening Post and World, edited by  Messrs. Ochs, Villard and Pulitzer, all  of German descent. Villard even being a native German, doing their  share in the interes. of the allies."  Usually the  Success  Attained   on  the  Farm Compares Very Favorably  With   That   of  the   City  Dweller    -  In conversation recently with a  well-to-do farmer he complained to  us mildly regarding his Tot. "My wife  and I," he said, "have been thinking  of selling our farm and going to some  section where .land is cheaper and  buy a farm or quit farming as we  find that we must work hard' early  and late to make interest on- our investment and a reasonable profit or  labor income."  We.said to him, "You came to your  present farm with" very little capital,  didn't you?"  "Yes," he replied, "we had but little when we began farming and we  now own our place and a good herd  of cattle. We live well and can afford about all the' things we desire.  But our work is confining. We must  be on hand every day in tho year and  good help is often hard to get."  "Did you ever stop to consider,''  we queried, "that -. any man who is  successful and accumulates something for a rainy day or old age must  apply himself closely to his work.  The man in the office, store, or shop  may not be confined to his job as  many hours a day as the farmer, but  when you consider the things he must  do around his home and in various  other ways, the successful man in the  city works as many hours per day as  the successful farmer. If you will  look about you and note the income  of those you know in the city, how  many of them ." avc done as well as  you have? How many of them own  their own homes and have them paid  for? How many of them hold jobs or  do work that you would prefer to  yours?"  "Well," he 'said. "I hadn't thought  of it in that light or angle before."  He could think of a few who, perhaps, were doing better, but the  many were not as fortunate as this  farmer. We have often thought ir  every farmer could fully understand  the struggle of the city folk and  know their life as they know it, their  work as they find it, that the farmer  would-be more contented and satisfied with his lot. The grass looks  greener and more inviting on the'  other side of the fence and the other  fellow's lot is likely to appear easier  and more satisfying than ours. The  trouble is, we do not know the other  fellow's job, his struggles, and disappointments.  We should remember that happiness cannot be created by money or  position, nor can it be found by looking for it. If you think-it can, look  ab*out. and see if people of wealth  and good positions are all happy and  if those who have sought happiness  through a life of ease have found ii.  True happiness comoj only through  rendering  a  use-  COL. ROOSEVELT DENOUNCES A PACIFICIST POLICY  He Declares that the Criminal Responsibility of Germany for the  Hideous Crimes Against Civilization Must be Shared as  Well by the Neutral Nations  doing useful work,  ful service, and by  useful knowledge.  does not ; understand and appreciate  the wonders of nature' or take any  interest in his farm work, except the  dollars which he can gather, will find  little happiness. His lot is drudgery.  But the farmer of knowledge and  understanding gets enjoyment out of  making plants grow7; "out of seeing  animals develop; out of the birds of  the field; out of the rising sun to its  restful glow of evening: and out of  the stars as they come forth in their  nightly sparkle. The lot of such a  farmer is happiness  'A nation "too timid to protect its  own msu, women and children from  murder and outrage and too timid  even to speak on behalf of Belgium,  will not carry much weight by 'protest' or 'insistence' on behalf of the  suffering Jews and Armenians," says  Colonel"Theodore Roosevelt in a letter to Dr." Samuel P. Dutton, secretary of the American Committee for  Armenian and Syrian Relief.  ��������� The letter, which was made public  by Dr. Dutton, is a vigorous denunciation of the U.S. policy in the present  war. Colonel Roosevelt says that  "as long as this government proceeds, whether as regards Mexico or  as regards Germany, whether as regards the European war or as regards  Belgium, on the principles of the  peace-af-any-price man, of the professional pacificist, just so long will it  be as absolutely ineffective for international righteousness as China itself." All of the "terrible iniquities"  of the last sixteen months can' be  traced, says Colonel Roosevelt, to the  initial wrong of which Belgium is the  victim, anci the "criminal responsibility of Germany must be shared by  the neutral powers, headed by the  United States."  The 'Colonel says: "We have refused to do our duty by Belgium; we  refuse to do our duty by Armenia, because we have defied peace at any  price, because we have preached and  practised that evil pacificism "which is  the complement to and the encouragement '-.-of. alien militarism. Such  pacificism puts peace above righteousness, safety in-the. present above both  duty in the present and.safety in the  future.   ".'; - -"';:vr' 7  All of the.'-'terrible.-.iniquities of the  last year and a half, including this  crowning iniquity of the wholesale  slaughter of the Armenians, can , be  traced directly to'-'.'the';.initial'-'wrong  committed on Belgium ��������� by her invasion and -subjugation;'" and the crim:  inal responsibility of Germany must  ba shared by ' the neutral powers,  headed by the United States for their  failure to protest when this initial  wrong was committed.  "For all of this the pacificists who  dare, not speak for righteousness, and  who possess such an unpleasant and  evil prominence in the United States,  must share the responsibility "with  the most brutal type of militarists,  (he iK>="s~ion of (Tlie weak and timid milk-and-water  The farmer who' Polic-v of the Professional pacificist is  just as responsible as the blood-andiron policy of the worthless and unscrupulous militarists for the terrible  recrudescence of evil on a gigantic  scale in the civilized world.  The crowning outrage has been,  committed by the Turks on the Ar-'  menians. They have suffered atrocities so hideous that it is difficult to  name them, atrocities such as those  inflicted  upon   conquered  nations   by  the followers of Attila aud of Genghis Khan. It is dreadful to think"that  these things can be done and that  this nation nevertheless remains  "neutral not only in deed but in  thought," between right and the most  hideous wrong, neutral between despairing and hunted people, people  whose little children are murdered  * *��������� and the victorious and evil  wrongdoers.  "Scores of our soldiers have been  killed and wounded, hundreds of our  civilians, both men and women, have  been murdered or outraged in person  or property by the Mexicans, and we.  have not only taken no action, but  have permitted arms to be exported-  to the bandits who were cutting one  another's throats in Mexico and who  used these arms to kill Americans;  and, although we have refused to  help our own citizens against any of  these chiefs or these bandits, we have  now aud then improperly helped one  chief against another.  "The failure to do our duty in Mexico created the contempt which made  Germany rightfully think it safe to  go into the wholesale murder that  accompanied the sinking of the Lusi-  tania, and the failure to do our duty  in the case of ^ the Lusitauia made  Germany, acting through Austria,  rightfully think it safe to go'into the  wholesale murder that marked the  sinking of the Ancona.  "The invasion of Belgium was followed by a policy of terrorism toward the Belgian population, the  shootinf of men, women and children; tlie destruction of Dinant and  Louvain, and many other places; the  bombardment of unfortified places,  not only by ships and by'land forces,  but by aircraft," resulting in the killing of many hundreds of civilians-  men, women and children���������in England, France, Belgium and Italy; in  the destruction cf mighty temples and  great monuments of art, in Rheims,  in Venice, in Verona. The devastation of Poland and of Serbia has been  awful -beyond description, and has  been associated with infamies" surpassing those of the dreadful religious and racial, wars,: of seventeenth-  century Europe.  "Such deeds as have been done by  the nominally Christian powers in  Europe, from" the invasion of" Belgium by Germany to the killing of  Miss Cavell by the German government, things done wholesale, things  done retail, have been such as we had  hoped would never again occur in  civilized warfare. They are far worse  than anything that has occurred in  such warfare since the close, of the  Napoleonic contests a century ago.  Such a deed as the execution of Miss  Cavell. for instance, would have been  utterly impossible in the days of the  worst excitement during our civil  war."  Inspected the Regiment  The commanding officer of a certain regiment was much troubled  about the persistent untidiness of  one of his men. Reprimand . and  punishment had proved to bo of no  avail.  A brilliant idea struck the colonel.  Why not march the man up and  down the whole line of the regiment  and shame him into decency?  It was done. The untidy warrior,  who hailed from the Emerald Isie,  was ordered to exhibit himself and  march up and down the entire regiment, and the men were told to  have a good look at him.  After the ordeal was over the unabashed son of Erin halted, saluted  the colonel, and said in the hearing  of the whole corps:  "Dirtiest .regiment I iver inspected, sor."  Cause  ex-  new  was  tho  Canadian Battalions Total 145  A. hundred and forty-five battalions  have so far been authorized in Canada for overseas service. Of this  number, ninety battalions have been  fully recruited. Forty-seven batteries  of artillery have been authorized, and  forty-three raised. In regard to  mounted, troops, twelve units have  been raised. At. the present time  there are, roughly oT.OO'O troops In  France. 55,000 In Canada, and 00,000  in England.  Expresses   Sympathy   with  Sympathy for the allies  pressed in a declaration of  Portuguese cabinet. The ministry declared it would abstain from all party  politics, and adhere strictly to a national policy, adding:  "The government will make strong  efforts to execute the laws pass-oil by  parliament upon the subject of thy attitude of Portugal in the present war,  safeguarding thus tho dignity and interests of the nation, lending co-operation to right and justice defended by  England and her allies, whom the  Portuguese people assured of their  full moral sympathy at the beginning  of the war and several times since  then."  One-Tentli of Horses  .    At Front Have Died  Re-  the  far  Japan and the War  But the great part Japan has played in the Far East in the present war  is not yet realized. Her power has  been exercised agaii.st Germany in  many ways, and the chances are that  with a Japanese-Russian alliance tlte  Germany of post-bellum time will  never again secure a foothold in the  Far East.���������Ottawa Citizen.  /������������������ -*  Arrivals of Canadian invalids from  the hospitals of England and France  are expected to number 150 per week  for the next three months. This  means thai; within that period "practically two thousand invalids will have  to be provided for by the Dominion  hospitals commission.  Most  of These  Killed  in  Battle���������How  Canadians'   Animals  Are   Cared  For  Statistics furnished by the  mounts and Veterinary Branch of  Militia department show that so  only 10 par cent, oi the Canadian  horses at the front were killed in' battle. There ��������� are now approximately  '5,000 horses with tlie Canadian army  corps in France, each infantry division  having  6,250  horses.  The horses of a division are tauen  care of by twelve veterinary officers  and one- mobile veterinary section of  twenty-seven  men.  The mobile section takes care of  the horses in the firing line. The  slightly wounded or indisposed beasts  are cared for and returned to the  front. If, however, the troops are on  ill3 move, all injured horses are immediately, collected and sent in  groups back to railhead, from where  they go by train to the nearest veterinary base hospital. When they become fit for duty they were sent to the  regiment depot, where- they are reissued for further use.  Horses which in previous wars and  in civilian life would be destroyed at  onca are taken in and treated so  successfully that in due course they  become lit for duty in the firing line.  It is interesting to ������iotc that of six  hundred and seven horses Kent on  one occasion to the field veterinary  hospital only twelve died.  Wounded horses are iinniodiately  given first aid. Any horse that can  walk is rushed back to tli.:; mobile  hospital, his  treated*,    and  report complete recovery within a  very few weeks; in fact, some wounded "horses have been back to the lire  within a week.  It is interesting to note the war  horses' diet. They are fed three  times a day, and get an allowance of  eighteen pounds of 'hay, twelve  pounds of oats, eight pounds of straw,  or in lieu of this four pounds extra  hay and two pounds of oats, or any  other fodder procurable of equal food  value, malt, sugar, beets, vegetables,  etc.  The Canadian horses aro reported  to be rolling in fat since they have  gone-to France.  A Grim Story  '.���������oundd  every  section or field  aro    carefully  care given  him.  When those horses arc being hurried iiway lo the hospital fresh horses  arc being constantly brought to .the  front  to  replace them.  During the second battle of Vprcs,  when the-Canadians wore pressed to  their utmo.'-l, at no time was the supply of horses diminished at the firing  line. As casualties occurred among  the buttery and transport horses re- j  infoivenients were rushed through \  the storm of bursting shells to take  their places. Although our guns  were within three hundred yards of  the C-miiny there never was a waggon  or grin lost. Cases of horses with ten  bullets in them have been known  to  Pathetic  Scene   Witnessed  In  a   Railway   Carriage   in   Germany  "Vorwarts" vouches  for the following story,    and   publishes  it   without  comment:  "The other day'a woman travelling  from Bremen to Oldenburg had a terrible experience.   In tlie compartment  into    which she mounted, two young  girls     and     a   man   accompanying   a  woman   were   already    seated.     The  woman b?gan almost at once to count  on  her  lingers,  'one,  two,  three,' le-  peating'these words    at short intervals.   The two girls tittered and made  remarks   to one another about the extraordinary  behaviour of the  woman.  Every time the    woman counted  her  three lingers the girls, without thinking that    probably    there  was some-  i thing bf.'hiiid her strange conduct, re-  j newed their giggling.  |    "The    man    who    accompanied the  1 woman, irritated at their silly laugh-  j tor, turned    to them with the remark.  j'Vou   will   perhaps   cease  your stupid'  'giggling when I  tell you that this  is  j my wife,   and that she has lost three  ! sons    in  battle.    1  am  taking her to  iui asylum.'  "It  was  terribly    quiet  in   the  carriage."  Canadian Mounted Rifle Brigade  A Canadian Mounted Rifle Brigade  is being organized at the front by  converting- four regiments of cavalry  into a. brigade of infantry. There will  be drafts from the 3rd C..M.R. and the  Fort Garry Horse.  Col. MuoDonncll, of Winnipeg, is  ['::������������������>. probable brigadier, and the offie-  eis under him will be Col. C. A.  Smart, of Montreal, and Col. Slssoas,  of Winnipeg.  ������B������Mifl������waffliK������a^^ THE.  SUr>,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  OF ihe cm  Frank Miller returned on Monday  from a visit to Nelson   and   Marcus.  w  ANTED-  The indications are not favorable  for any more hockey games in this  city this season.  Knox Presbyterian church has  . now a Junior choir with a membership of fourteen names, with more  to be added. Under the leadership  of the organist, Mrs. A. C. Burr,  the young vocalists give .good promise of great-helpfulness to the ser  vices of the church.  An enjoyable party was held at  home of Mr. and Mrs. James Pell,  Columbia, one evening the latter  part of last week. Dancing was kept  up till 3 o'clock in the morning.  E. Rice and Mr. floss, of the Granby smelter, played the violin; Mr.  Shorts the banjo, and Mrs. Shorts  i.nd Mrs.-Ross the piano. One of  the features of the evening was  Chas. Bickerton's step dancing. The  pirty broke up at 3 in the morning,  after all those present had spent a  most enjoyabie time.  . At the Evaporator,  ard Frozen Potatoes  Call and arrange for  delivery.  G. ECCLES,  Manager.  A party from Butte, Mont., has  been in the city this week buying a  carload of potatoes and onions to be  shipped to that city. It is stated  that he has made many   purchases.  A shipment of a carload of ore  arrived at the Granby smelter on  Wednesday from the Little Rertha  mine, in the North Fork district.  This property, which is being  worked under lease by -Jack St.  Clair, now employs four men.  We  The Sally mine, near  Beaverdell,  shipped 180 tons of ore during 1915.  Its ore was the highest grade of any  of the regular shippers of thf Boun  da'ry last year.  in  very  artment at  Married  Hans Olson and Miss Gertrude  Lily Sayer, of Grand Forks, were  married at the Presbyterian church  manse on Wednesday, February 16,  Rev. M. D. McKee porlorming the  ceremony. The couple" will make  their home in this city.  ���������") CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  The Brittish Columbia Copper  company is making financial ar-  rangemebts for the construction , of.  a concentrating plant at Princeton  to handle ores from the Princeton  group.  New ore buckets and increased  hoisting facilities have been provided at the Lone Pine by the Republic Consolidated Mines Corporation. Daily shipments of 100 tons  of ore are being made.  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,    Bad  Breath���������Candy   Cathartic.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  aches, how miserable you are from  constipation, indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always got  relief with Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; take the excess bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and 'poison  from the intestines and bowels. v  10-cent box from your druggist -nil  keep your liver and bowels clean;  stomach sweet and head clear for  months.    They work while you sleep.  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  in mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in Jive minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize in five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any stomach disorder.  It's the quickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop" at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  Maw H <a m pec and  do a11 kinds  of  1NGW ildrnebb harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  ���������  Mann's Old Drug Store  Gent s Furnisher  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  2B=������������  %������\&N  ^^^soaiM hoop  Here We Are!  Your Six Friends,  1  Robin Hood Family~  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  it  a  it  Porriage Oats  Ferina  rah am  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  TENDER   FOR  SGHOOLJUPPLIES  SEALED TENDERS are invited for  the undermentioned school supplies,  and will be received up to and including Monday, April the- tenth,  1916, all tenders to be addressed as  follows:  Tender for School Supplies,  The Secretary  Grand Forks School Board.  3.000 Exercise Books, plain,80 pages,  as sample A.  3,000 Exercise Books, ruled,80 pages,  as sample B.  2,400 Pen andlnk   Books,   ruled, 52  pages, as sample C.  62,000   Sheets Examination Gap,   as  sample D.  15,000 Sheets Drawing Paper. 6"x9",  color and quality sample E.  12,000 Sheets Drawing  Paper,   I2"x  9", color and quality sample E.  1,000 Map Drawing  Books, size  9"x  12", as sample F.  1,000   Books,   plain   covers, as sam  pie G.  1,500 Blotters, size 4"x9", quality 80  lb. to ream.  7-A- dozen hoxes White Crayons, Wal-  tham. '  10 gross Pen Nibs, F No. 0591, Wm.  Mitchell.  13 gross   Pen   Nibs,   High School E, :  No. J 90, Eagle Pencil Co.  1 gross Lead Bencils, H, Eagle   Pencil Co.  8 gross   Lead   Pencils,    H.B.,   Eagle  Pencil Co.  3 dozen Examiner's Pencils, Red and  Blue, Hexagonal.  6 dozen Weber's Dusbless Blackboard  Erasers.  Prices to include delivery at the  ���������school house. The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted.  Samples as indicated may be obtained of the Secretary.  GEO. H. HULL,  Secretary  Board of School *Tt ustees  Lady Barber  in  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  Father will never be fleeced by  footpads. He's held up before he  leaves home.  The Sun, at SI'a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or.to  hold those we already have.  If you have occasion to criticize a  mule do it to his face.  "Type was made to read." This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and ptints   the   news  of the  city and district first.  For  VV atches,G locks and Jewellery"  Go to  T  Iffl!  JH  IRLAKI.SOIM  First Street, Grand Forks  ^  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a specialty  R. Mooyboer ������irst and Main Sts-  Grand  Forks,  B. C.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  W SUN PRINT SHOP  RfiHH

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