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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Feb 5, 1915

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 J���������  ���������'r'j'' ���������'-..���������'  ,*,>-4-?.-������wijjA'.'  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������No. 14  GRAND FORKS; B. C., FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 5, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  ''\Z&*  BRIGATIDN A  lie RIGHTS  The.following paper on "Irriga-  gation-and Water Rights" was read  by-C. Varcoe, local' water -cohiniis*  - sioner,' ��������� at the last meeting of the  Grand Fork's Farmers' Institute:  Your action in asking uie to give  you a  paper on "Irrigation,'" is, I  . tkke.it, a compliment to the department of which I have the honor to  ,be an humble member.  As far as I'am aware, up ��������� to the  present no papers have been given  by the, various'district engineers  of  - the departmehtto' the Farmers' Institutes! This/.-perhaps, may seem  very neglectful on our part, but it  might be explained to some extent  in this manner: I think it-is common knowledge that the first and  admittedly most important phase  of our duties as a department has  been the clearing up of old water  rights and placing them on a more  satisfactory basis. In this valley you  have been singularly fortunate in  that all the important rights have  been adjudicated on and conditional  .or final'licenses issued in lieu of the  old records.-  This  district   was the-  second in the'province  to   be   dealt  .with by the board of investigation.  "Board work,'.' as  we   term   it,  has taken up a tremendous-part of  our time and prevented any attempt  to go into the study of scientific irrigation.    Our  knowledge of tbe best  manner  to apply   the   water   is, in  this  province,   practically  small as  compared to our friends iu   tbe  adjoining states.    As scientific  irrigators, we are iu pur infancy.  - My subject this evening is "Irri-  gatijn." Many of you are probably  better acquainted with it than 1 am.  I have not the'ability, nor would I  attempt to deal with this suhject in  its entirety To do it justice would  take a .series of papers. Generalizing,  too, is of ;.very little benefit. There  is, however, one point which I  think is worthy of. consideration,  and which is very applicable to this  valley, if not to the rest of the irrigated sections: It is this: The advisability of early irrigation. In considering this matter it is.not my desire to thrust any of my opinions on  }Ou, but rather that you may investigate from the point of view I  have taken.  The subjects which I consider of  great importance to this valley are  those of precipitation and evaporation Up to the present we have no  absolute data with regard to the latter huvitig direct reference to this  provinoe. It is a question that has  oeen investiguted in different parts  of the globe, under different conditions and by different authorities.  A word in explanation of tbe meth-  therefore   applicable, was   made  -Fort Collins, Col., by  Prof.'Carpen  ten    Although Fort Collins is some  what to thesonth cf us, the altitude  of 4990 feet would   compensate   for  the difference in latitude.  The avefage results of Prof Carpenter's tests, which extended over  a period,of.eleven years, are as follows:'  .. January, 1.73 inches; February,  1.90; March,'3.00; April, 4.19; May,  4.58; June, 5.21; July, 5 4-1; August, 4 95; September, 4.21; Octo  ber, 3.09; November, 1.43; Decern  ber, 1.22; total for year," 40 91.  Evaporation tests, as I have ..aK  ready stated, are- made in open  tanks and denote the loss by evaporation from the surface of water.  The loss from soil is not so great,  and, ia governed to a, certain extent  by the protection afforded.  One point which deserves special  attention is the evaporation during  the winter months. "While a certain  percentage of the precipitation dur  ing the summer months goes directly into thf soil, and by good man  agement may be retained, yet such  a course in the winter, with frozen  ground and the hulk of the precipitation in tbe form of snow, is out of  the question.  The average precipitation at  Grand Forks for the period between  the 30th of September and the 31st  of   March    ie    approximately   7.5  PUBLIC SCHOOL  PROMOTIONS  Miller,    Ellen     Harkness,      George  Brown.    Senior II from Division VI:  Harold King, Isabel   Bowen.   Cecelia  Crosby, Ren wick    Williams,    Charlie  ; Bishop, William Grenier, Clara Brun-  ' ner,    Oswald   Walker,    Ray   Brown,  John Meinel, Blanche Kennedy.Grace  Green, Thelma Hutton,Orville Baker,  Mary' Beran, Douglas   Barlow,   Flora  . McDonald, David McDonald.  The following is a h-t of pupils of       .,.  . .     v7r    c.    ���������     Tr    o ���������    ���������.,i  j Division VI���������Senior il: lviymoud  the public school who hav- ��������� earned.LHHri.iB* wniiam Nelson,Mary-Er.rett.  promotions ��������� as the' result of iheir j Lillian Hull, Dean Kennedy.Grace  work during the term ending Janu- \ Graham. Sydney Buxton, Reggie  ary3l.'   The names are   in order of | Heaven,   Dorothy   Meikle,     Lavina  Crowder, Jiminie Needham, Coryl  Campbell, Gladys Armson, Leonia  ���������Reed, Leo Mills, Harold Quinlivan,  Nicholas Skrebneff, Frances U'Ren,  Leona U'Ren. Willie Skrebneff, Arthur Bryenton, Lawrence McKinnon,  Ernest Baker. First Reader from  Division VII: Ruth Eureby, Harry  Dmytryk, Alberta McLeod, Alice  Peterson, Hardy Griswold, Lizzie  Gord~~*~0onnie Burdon,Chow Fung,  Doro^^f Schliehe,    Freddy   Cooper,  merit:  inches.    Allowing a minimum runoff of 25 per cent and  an   evaporation of 25 per cent, it  appears that  the   quantity   that  reaches the soil  during this period is le.������s than   four  inches.   While I have    no', definite  data for the' foregoing figures, yet I f  believe   that,    considering    experiments made in"other.places, my  assumption is justifiable.    Assuming,  further, that the soil at the end   of  September   is parched  (last season,  for   example),   and  that   my ��������� con  elusions   are   appreciably-correct,  there are le3S than   four   inches   of  water stored in the soil  by   the end  of   March   for  your  next season's  crop     True, by cultivation a. large  percentage of the later rains may be  saved, but what I  wish   to impress  on you is the need of storing a Rood  supply of water in the soil   when   it  is available.    This' I   will  spc>k of  iatrtC-  S. W Fletcher, professor of hoi-  ticulturein the Michigan Agricultural college, in his book on soils,  makes the following statements as  to the quantity of water (described  by him.as film water) that may be  r< tlined in the soil: "A coirse sand  h ������lds but 12 to 15 per cent by  weight of film moisture; a sandy  loam from 20 to 30 per cent; a clay  loam from 30 to 40 per cent; a  heavy clay, or a soil very rich in  humus, may hold 40 to oO per cent  of film moisture. This means that a  mellow loam with a'retentive  sub-  Division 1���������From Senior IV B to  Senior IV A: Alice. Bowen, Heath  Hales, Robert Holmes, Ida DeCew,  Vera Reid, Alice Spragsjett, Hugh  Wells, Hector Morrison, Pauline  Sloan, Lawrence Holmes, Gladys Ar-  diel, Maudie Peckham, -Walter Peterson, Al Peterson, Mildred Meikle,  Quentiu Quinlivan, Raymond Quinli-  van, I via Michener, Elvera Walker,  Gordon Fuikerson, Demaris Ryan,  Ralph Gill, Amy Frankovitch, Alexis  Fuikerson , Stanley Massie, Willard  Shaw, Catherine Stafford, Wilfred  Holmes, Holger Peterson, Herbert  Dinsinore. Reggie Hull, Blair Cochrane, Lauren a Nichols, Margaret Mc  Ilwaine, Helen Peterson  Division II���������Remaining ���������' ; Senior  IV, Section JB: Archie Symes, Edith  Larsen, Agnes Stafford, Evelyn Harier.  Promoted from Junior IV, Section A,  to Senior IV, Section B: Sarah McCallum, Earl King, Margaret Graham,  Marie Barnum, Pearl Bryeuton, Anna  Beran, Eddie Mcllwaine, Uvo Wells,  Frances Sloan, Hope Williams, Kathleen O'Connor, Engeman Jacobsen,  Kathleen Kerby, Merle Here, James  Lyden, Harriett Gnw, Loretta Lyden,  Fay Tryon, Thomas Reburh, Violet  Walker, ��������� Murrell Galloway, Fred  Meinel, Abram Mooyboer, Joseph Bo  ran, George Cooper, Gwenny Mcllwaine, Mildred Hutton, Gladys La  tham, John Herr' Lily Ardiel, Ethel  Jacobsen, Fritz Schliehe, William  Meikle. From Junior IV, Section B,  to Junior IV, Section A: Mary Cooo  er, Laura Allen, Dorothy Burns. Viola  Pell, Victor- Reed, Ruby Keeling,  Susie Brown, Garibaldi Bruno, Lillian  Kelleher, Glen Sanipson, Stanley  Murray.  Division III���������Promoted from Senior  til A to Junior IV B: A. Barnum,  W. Brown, B. Crosby,   H. Campbel 1,  D. Jacobsen, E Coryell, G. Humphreys, H. Benson, G. Rashleigh, M.  Spraggett, V. Donaldson, C. Crosby,  R  Petersen, F   Verzuh,   A   Heaven,  E. Wright,    D. Burdon, L. Kelleher,  M     Cunningham,   E.    Kelleher,  D  Laws. H: Holden     From  Senior HE  B toSeniorliT A: C Lyden, L.  Irv-  ing, B   Humphreys,   B.   Kennedy, %  Kirk,    II.    Fair,- E.   -McCallum,' V.  Smith,   11    6'Cminell,: E. Biixori,   H  Massie, A. McKinnon,   M. Michener,  A. Patterson, G. Mnrray, A.   Anderson,    V    Forrester,    F.   Fritz. P   At  wuocl.'.E Todd, A. Murray,    V.   Sid  dull.  Division IV���������From Junior   III   A  to Senior III:    Morris   Raine-fon. Corona Harkness. Amelia Wiseman Jennie    Miller,    Harold     Hood,    Alpeta  Nichols, Ray Forrester, Gladys    !>ry  enton,    Alfred  Downey,   Edward Po  tentier. Julia Downey,   Ruth    Krirk  son,    Lottie     Peterson,      Antoinette  Schliehe, Peter Miller, Isabelle  Glas-  pell, Glory Morrison,  George Meikle,  Alice Galipeau.     From Junior III- B  to Junior III A:    Norma    Erickson.  Teddy Cooper, Sam   Erickson, Annie  WILL OPEN NEW  E  soil holds four to five inches of water 6ro7bV^eph Rowlandwn.l'eanetta  in the first foot ot soil." , Raeburn, Walter Larsen, Harry Kel-  Denis O'Connor, Georgo Hodgson.  Lenore Cronant. Eloise Stafford, Rob  ert Tryon, Howard DeCew, Randolph  ods used in determining evaporation ,  might be of interest. I     In olhfir vvordy> U means that this . 'eher' Christopher Pell.Einile Painton,  ������, ������������������.,-.   ' vnllpu   if vnn have -i rlptiih    nf   Hoil ' Gurier Lindgren, Gladys HcLauchlan,  The most common form of test ls , vauey, it you nave a uepin   ot   sou, ...������     ���������     .. ;  made by placing a suitable tank into averaging four feet, it is  possible to  a lake or pond. This tauk is filled ,8lore from ei8ht t0 tvvelve inche9'  with water to within three or four! When I'tell you that the total Diivis.  inches of the top. By means of | avallabIe waler in Ma-V and tbe Division V���������From Junior HI B to  gauges correct daily measurements'F(jUrlh of ^ creeks for Ju������y and Junior III A Grace Wiseman, Mar-  ��������� . ,,. ii . . . 'AiiPimt 1914 nnlv amounted to ���������>;���������>() garet Fowler, Willie Sprinthall, Ken-  are taken. Should there be a shower August   Ul;onl} amounted to-oU *      McAt,lle   Reid   McKi      Holetl  t'l.e additional water enters  into the ^e-feet, or five inches over an area Sinip!f0fli Tannin Barlco, Esther   An-  calculations.    Some times the   tank- of   G0������   ^^.������������������a'nd   that the  total: fJers0Ili Fre(J  Wj.soma���������, Jack   Brau,  is placed in the earth quantity avalable in Morrisey  creek ; Charlie  Cooper,   Emma Irving, May  ���������Of thetests made Iheone 1  have for the same period only   amounted ' Crosby, Murjorie Keron, Amy   Peck  selected for illustration and as being,  perhaps, nearest our conditions, and              (Continued on Pnyc ~>.)  Llewenyu Humphreys, Alphonse  Galipeau, James Pell, Nellie Allan,  Addie Barrow. Vera Lyden, Lewis  Waldou, Margaret Bruno  Disvision VII���������From II Primer to  I Reader: Anita Jaeobson, Gunnar  Halle. Annie Crosby, Clarence Don  aldson, Frank Worden, Jeff Ryan.  John Do Visser. Kenneth Campbell,  Helen O'Couuell,' Pearl Brau, Herbert Heaven, Lola Baker. John  Peterson. Clare U'Ren, Harry Stacey,  Evelyn Stafford, Kenneth Murray,  Ethel Wiseman, John Lane. From I  Primer to II Primer: A���������Clifford  Brown, Annie Marovitch, Nora Har-  .lis, Lillian Brown, Jennie Allan,  Irene Frankovitch, Maye Farmer,  Emily Penrose, Horace,Green, Regina  Frechette, Theodore Caaon, Stuart  Ross, Ethel Miller, Fred Galipeau,  B���������Joseph Brown,- Rita Niles, Jack  Miller, Walter Anderson, Elsie Nel  son, Alice .'Erickson, Charlotte Lus  combo, Mary Fleming, Dorothy Latham, Lloyd .Quinlivan, Ruby Eycr,  Joseph Japp.  Division    VIII���������First   Primer   to  Second Primer: Edmond Wells, Harry  Carpenter,    Nick    Verzuh,      Francis  Crosby, Doris Kennedy, Ester Laurie,  Ernest Green, John    Bluekens,    Elsa  Morella,  Florence   Coomber,    Vivian  McLeod,    Clarence   Liddicoat, Helen  Wharton,    Gladys   Lindeburg.      Remaining in First Primer:  Marvin Pen  rose, Sylvester Kraus, Evaleua Linde  burg, Chailes   Shanuou,  Peter  Swit-  lichnoff, Grace Brau, Helen Wiseman,  Ivan Morrison.  From Receiving Class  to First Primer:    Charles   Anderson,  Vera"Bickerton, James Clark, Clifford  Clayton, Gertrude   Cook,  Earl   Fitz  Patrick, Louis Gill, Arne Halle,- Ruth  Hesse, Arthur Hesse, Isabelle Innes,  Olive   Irving,   Ruth   Larama,    Elsie'  Liddicoat,    Vera    McAllister,    Lome  Murray,Hazel Nystrom, Walter Rashleigh, Pessi Marguerita, Emerson Reid,  Bertie Scott,   Albert   Snyder, Rupert  Suilivan.  Division IX ��������� From Receiving Class  to    First   Primer:     Fred    Bryenton,  Francis Caron, Herbert   Clark, Harry  Cooper, Dorothy   DeCew, Frank Gor  don, Edna Luscombe, George Manson,  Kenneth Massie,   Dorothy   McLauch-  lan, Violet Meikle, Henry Reid,Hazel  Waldron,   Mildred   Wetherell,   Janet  Lichoff, Lucy Teabo.   Receiving Class;  A���������John    Matesa,    Peter     Santano,  Colby Wiseman, Earl Peterson.    B ���������  Bruna Burezowska,   Janet   Bonthron,  Michael Chernoff, Gordon Clark, An-  tone   DeWilde,   John    Duke,    Edith  Eureby, Robert Errett, George Fran  cis,    Alice   George,   Ernest   Haddon,  Bessie Harkness, Ernest Harris,  Herbert   Harris,   James    Innes,   Gladys  Jewell, Lem John, Joseph Lyden, Jigi  Morell, William Mola, Panline   Moh-  ler, Gordon "McCallum, Nick  Ogiloff,  Mary Ogiloff,  Rosina Pessi, Waldemar  Peterson, John Santano, Jack Strowl-  ger, Geoffrey Srowlger,  James   Shan  noii, Lily   Sale,   Ethel   Sale, Michael  Verzuh, Daniel Wilson.  Definite announcement vas made  .in Vancoavex last Friday hv b, -W.  Peters,   general   superintendet.t   of  the British Columbia division of the  Canadian Pacific railway,   that   the  completed    portions   of  the   Kettle  Valley railway would be   placed   in  operation   when   the   company put  into   effect   its "new  summer time  tablps at the end of  May.    A   daily  passenger service between the Boundary and Spence's   Bridge, via Pen-  ticton, Merritt and the   main line of  the   Canadian    Pacific    railway    is  planned, and   through   connections  between this city and   the  coast af  forded.     Passpngers   leaving   Grand  Forks   in '-the'", morning, will ivach  Vancouver the same night.  Kettle Valley Restaurant  First CUcker of Independence  When the legislative session  opened in Victoria last Friday there  developed the first clicker of independence among the followers of  Sir Richard McBride when HE  Forster, from Columbia, attacked  the-Conservative machine.  Dealing   with   the   C.N.R.,   Mr.  Forster  said:    ' Last session ;when  the  bill  came before  this house to  grant a further guarantee to   the   C.  N. R I rather grudingly  acquiesced  in it, but since  learning more particularly tin-;   merits   and   demerits,  especially the latter, of ,-uch   legisln-  tion I have much regretted doing so  and will certainly oppose to the'beht  of my ability any similar legislation  iu future.     However,   I hope tb^re  may be no occasion to   do   so   and  that we hav/e seen the last of the demands of these hungry  railway promoters with   their  insatiable   appetites for government   assistance, and  that if by chance   they do approach  the premier and ask for more favors,  he will refer them to  Ottawa as being   the   proper   place to apply to,  for any aid   towards   a   tiansoonti  nental liue'that serves all  provinces  of the Dominion of Canada."  'Referring to the -Dominion Trust  company, Mr. Forster said: "Last  year I tried to impress upon the  government tbe necessity of legislation that would stop the llo'ano'i of  fraudulent, eiiterpiises on the misrepresentation resorted to by unscrupulous promoters in the province, but without avail.  "We have lately seen one of what  was supposed to have been our  most substantial (inancinl institutions, the Dominion Trust com  pany, fall to pieces, and in the investigation it is shown that the  head of this institution had resorted  to all sorts of deception and misrepresentations and worse to deceive  the public and swindle people out  of their moneyi"  to 58 acre-feet, or'2 '.', inches'over an  '������tt"l;    Fromr J"io1' 4,t0 Ju/li,,r > ���������*,��������� ,   - -v. ,   - .������,-,  . B: Frances Latham,   Peter  I-Vo-i-son. :tl0'" ',;"() t" ' ���������"'' !'���������"���������  Nellie   Mills,    Boyd   Nichols,   Mary  at noon.  Until   further notice   the   regular  dinner   on   Sundays   will   be served  Short orders  Wedding  A wedding took place Wednesday evening at the manse, when  Rev. M. D. McKee united in marriage Mr. Klaas Ruiter and Mrs.  Johanna Wilhelmina Voorthuvscn,  both of this city. Mr. and Mrs.  Cornelius Van Beek supported the  bride and groom. Mr. and Mrs.  Ruiter have the best wishes of their  many friends. THE    SUNi    GHAND    FORKS.    B. C.  IR PLAYS 10  HANDS OF CHIL  Increases     Demand    For    Nitrate  of  Soda, Which That Country Exports to All the World  Strange to say, the one country in  the  world  which  in   times   of peace  supplies the greatest agent to .increase J women have urged that English wo  Women Looking for Spies  Women's    Clubs    in     England  Take  Steps Against Germans  Women's clubs in England have  been enlisted in,the movement to head  off the activities of possible German  spies, - and Austrian and German  women have been asked to resign or  discontinue their attendance at many  clubs which formerly welcomed them.  A number   of   prominent   literary  . the production of the. earth will new  be called upon for identically the  same agent to supply the means of  destruction, says the Bulletin of the  Pan-American Union. That country is  the Republic of Chili, "and the product  which has now assumed such tremen-  .dous importance is the nitrate of soda  which it supplies to the worJd. The  nitrate fields of Chili form a wonderful asset in the national economy.  The greatest use in recent years of  Chilian nitrates has been "to make  two blades of grass grow where but  one grew before," and in this capacity  it has been a blessing to humanity.  The.,use of nitrate of soda as a fertilizer, though very general now, has  been known to our civilization less  than a' century. The story goes that  au old Scotchman who lived near the  present nitrate fields about 1816  spread some soil containing white  crystals over' part of his garden.  Things planted in this particular spot  grew wonderfully. Samples of the  soil were sent to Scotland for analysis  and the nature of the substance and  its value as a fertilizer was soon established. According to tradition,  however, centuries before .the Spanish conquest the'Incas of" Peru and'  some of the natives of Bolivia knew  of the fertilizing value of the white  crystals, and are supposed to have  known,how to produce them ���������from' the  crude material.  Today Chili enjoys practically a  world monopoly in the production of  nitrate, and its use is constantly  growing. In 1913 the exports reached  the high water mark. Nearly 1,000,-  000 tons were shipped from the various ports of the country and went to |  men should be as cautious as English  men about their associates and should  .shun ail women of German or Austrian sympathies at a time when  chance remarks might give valuable  information, to the enemy.  Reports from Belgium and Holland  of the activities of women spies who  served as governesses and servants  in .Belgian and Dutch families, have  also thown suspicion on German and  Austrian women in .service iu various parts of England. The Belgian refugees who are in England have issued a general warning against German women as well as German men,  and. their tales of how Belgian cities  were betrayed by German spies in all  walks of life have alarmed the English.  Alarming tales have been printed  in London papers of alleged German  spies iu high social and financial  circles, and especially all of the leading men in clubs have asked men of  German or Austrian birth to resign or  refrain from frequenting the club  rooms during the war. Mauy supposed spies high in official life voluntarily left England before the move-  lent against suspected persons became so acute. Charges-were generally made that even Germans who had  become naturalized had often done so  only for business and social reasons  and were at heart Germans aR^much  as ever.  Keep if Itancly  jpow.desk  Biitain's War Resources  Napoleon blamed his own downfall  largely upon English  tenacity    and  English money;   The present war has  25c and 60c at all Druggists and  Stores. Take Abbey Vita Tablets for  Sick Nerves:  already demonstrated what English  juuo vwwui. mc ^uuiiui.y ami wem. L" j money may be expected to accomplish  increase the productiveness of the j this crisis. Asked for a loan/the  soils of many different nations. Inci-'  dentally Chili derives a golden harvest  from the product. The revenue derived from the export /duty on nitrate,  if equally distributed among the inhabitants of the country, would give  every man, woman.and child no less  than $10 annually. This great revenue  is being used to build railroads, improve harbors, foster education and to  build up the nation generally/ and  taking into consideration the number  of its inhabitants, makes Chili one of-  the richest countries in tne world.  The Chilean nitrate beds are found  in a strip of country about five hundred miles long, at a distance varying  from fifteen to ninety miles from the  - Pacific coast. The deposits lie in  great beds, "or strata, and the product is easily, mined. The overlying  strata are penetrated by sniair shafts  or drills on through the natural nitrate beds to the underlying bedrock  or substratum of clay or gravel. At the  bottom of the shafts charges of powder or dynamite are placed, which,  when exploded, break up and scatter  the surface layers and the nitrate.  The fragments of nitrate are then  gathered from the debris and carried  in carts or smal' cars to the flocans,  or factories, which convert the natural  product into the white crystals of  nitrate of soda, sack them and then  transport them to the nearest port of  shipment.  Just now, however, the greatest demand for nitrate will be to make powder and other explosives. Nitric acid  is needed to manufacture nitroglycerine, dynamite, smokeless powder and  the various kinds of high explosives  used in these modern times. Even in  times of peace the United States uses  for manufacturing explosives three  times the amount of nitrate iised in  the production of fertilizer. In. times  of war no estimate can be made as to  the amount the world will demand,  and doubtless the price of Chilian nitrate will soar. ���������  German Emissaries in India  Those who still think that Germany  was practically driven into the war  against Britain will find an unanswerable argument against them in the attempts Germany is making to stir up  trouble out of Europe for Britain. It  is now no longer a secret that Ger  British investors rush forward and in  two days hand Lloyd George $3,000,,  000,000.  No nation is evei\ too poor to fight  a long war. The American colonies  struggled for . eight years without  capital and without even a bank. The  Southern Confederacy, with a white  population of under eight million,  continued' its struggle for four years  and put In the field an army equivalent to a million men on a three year  service.  The North, with a population of 19,-  000,000, maintained an army equal to  1,500,000 for a thre^ year service, and  before the surrender at Appomattox  was spending ��������� $3,000,000 every day.  At the close of the' Franco-Prussian  war the Germans levied an appalling  indemnity of $1,000,000,000 upon the  French, which the frugal Frank  liquidated- in less .than three years.  English financial- resources today  can stand a drain of $10,000,000,000  far more easily than the Northern  and Southern States in the '60's  could- meet half that expense. War  brings out the last dollar of a people's  hoard, ana the British have for a century been saving money, which is in-  ���������vested in every corner of the globe.  This fountain of wealth, backed by  its enormous population of 400,000,000  gives the British empire an advantage  over any European adversary in a long  war. It has a staying quality possessed by no other nation, except the  United States, because ���������<������ its money  and its men.���������Philadelphia Public  Ledger. ' .  Cutting the  Dyke  No glory can be earned in war  when the soldiers have, to fight in  freezing weather in water knee deep.  The most ardent seeker after military  fame will be chilled in battling under  such' circumstances. The Belgians  cut dykes near the sea in their,, country, and the sea water flowed in upon  the Germans who were lighting to  reach the coast. In one instance, at  least, the incoming rush of the water  was so great in volume that some  German soldiers were drowned.  This dyke cutting is hot .new; for  the men of the -low; countries.. When  .e Duke of Alva -with a Spanish  '.nny was seeking to quell the people  of- these countries into submission to  the Spanish king they cut the dykes  then and ensured the defeat of the  Spaniards. Of themselves- the Belgians cannot drive out the German  invaders, but they are surely doing  what they can. Belgium and Holland  are geographically one, and there is a  necessity for dykes in the former to  keep out the sea. Holland has had  the monopoly of fame in dykes, but  the " Belgians have some, too.���������Troy  Northern Budget.  Gave His Life For a Postal Card  Some of the letters from the front  show* how lives are net 'infrequently  lost for trifles. Lance Corporal R.  Casement, of the Royal Irish regiment,  tells how, when marching through a  village in Belgium, l comrade stepped  into a shop to buy a picture post card  to send to his little girl. "He was  only away a few seconds, but the  Germans had been following us very  close, for he had to fight when he  came out. But there were too many  of them; he was down before any of  us could get back to help him, and  the Red Cross buried him next day  with his picture card."  As sergeant of the Es&ex regiment  stopped in the. march to pick up a  German helmet that he had promised  ">   r,,Q   . ..t-"-    to  send his little boy.    A    German  shell burst at his side and he was  blown to pieces.  One of the Middlesex soldiers left  his greatcoat on the wrong side of a  river.-and he only discovered his loss  vhen the bridge was broken down. He  swam across to find it, and was swimming back with it when he was hit  by a bullet and sank almost at once,  never to rise again, though' some of  lis chums hung about under fire for  hours to see if they could be of assistance lo him.  of the Turks with fairy tales about  -Pan-Islamism. There is reason to believe that her emissaries have also  been sent to India to carry on a mischievous campaign of misrepresentation among the illiterate masses of  India. Germany, however, here as  elsewhere, has been under a delusion,  and finds the Moslems of India solidly on tiie side of Britain. Unless the  expressions of loyalty in the Mahom-  edan journals everywhere in India are  meaningless, the German campaign of  misrepresentation has been as futile  in India as in the.United States. It is  also no secret that the advice of the  Indian Mahomedans to Turkey to  steer clear of the shoals of the European crisis came as a surprise to  many in Turkey and Egypt, who till  then went about happy in the thought  that they had only to lift their little  linger and the Inuian Moslems would  revolt against British rule.���������Calcutta  Englishman.  I met young Jones in New York,  and he told mc he had become a criminal lawyer.  The idea! You wouldn't have supposed he would have owned up.  Sterii Parent���������So you want my  daughter,  huh?    Got any money?  Suitor���������Yes, sir. Hew high do you  quote her?  W. N. U. 1032  Railway Employees Form Company  Sir Thomas Shaughnossy has approved of the formation of a Canadian  Pacific Company of; the Montreal  Home Guard to consist of about 250  men, the arms and. equipment to be  supplied by the railway company. Half  of the company; will be enrolled from  the offices and employees at the Angus shops and the other half from  the ."Windsor and Place Viger stations.  All ��������� departments of the service will  be embraced fa the composition of  this company., At a later date miniature ranges w.ill be established - at  Angus and- Windsor station, where  members of the company will be afforded an opportunity to practico  markmanship. From the number of  applications already received the  movement.promises to be a complete  success. The first parade of the Windsor station company was held on Saturday afternoon when there was a full  response to the roil call. Instructions  in drill were given by Sergeant-Majoi'  Sharpe, who was formerly in the Imperial Army, having seen active service in Burma and South frica, and  who is therefore well qualified to give  drill instructions.  Wonderful Marksman  At Sailly, nea.' Lille, a French  dragoon marksman was stationed at  a swing bridge With two comradas  to load for him. The colonel simply said to him. as the regiment retired, "The honor is yours." It was  important that the enemy should be  held back without the bridge being  blown up. The marksman hid behind  the fence sixty yarde from the bridge.  Two lancers appeared; he shot them.  Then three; he shot them also. Five  Uhlans came up together; he brought  down every one of them.  Altogether he killed ~ thirty Germans in less than five minutes, and  retired with his comrades. The  great pile of dead 'men and horses  in the narrow roadway on the opposite side of the bridge protected it  from the approach of the enemy  during the day almost as well as a  mitrailleuse would have done. In  the evening the colonel embraced  this wonderful marksman, before all  his comrades, kiss'ng him on both  cheeks.  Russian Mother Sent Heroic Letter  "Your father was killed very far  from us, Laogon, and I send you for  the sacred duty of defending our dear  country from the vile and dreadful  biiemy. Remember you are the coon  of a hero. My heart is oppressed, and  I weep when I ask you to be worthy of  him. With kisses and blessings have  1 parted with you. When you are  sent to perform a great deed don't  remember "my tears, but only my  blessing. God save you, my dear,  bright, loved child. Once more: It  is written everywhere the enemy is  cruel and savage. Don't be led by  blind vengeance. -Don't raise your  hand at a fallen one, but be gracious  to those whose fate it is to fall into  your hands."  It was a letter from a mother to a  son, found in the breast pocket of a  Russian officer killed in action.  Lady (engaging a page boyi���������Well,  how soon can you come?  Page (readily)���������At once, mum.  Lady���������But surely your present  mistress won't like that.  Page (brightly)���������Oh, yes, she will,  mum! She'll be only too glad to get  rid of me.  IHE ROB USE  ���������- HEAVY ARTILLERY  Catapult, Hurled Stones Weighing as  I       Much as Shot Fired by Modern  Howitzer  From the stones cast from slings  with which the natives of Gaul sought  to repel the advance of Caesar's  Roman legions to the huge' German  howitzers hurling sixteen inch explosive shells against the Allies is as long  a step mechanically as it is in point of  time, writes F. P. Stockbridge in the  Popular Mechanics Magazine. ��������� ��������� But  except for the temper of the weapons,  there is no appreciable difference between the hand to -hand conflicts���������  short sword against spar���������of 59 B.C.,  and the bayonet charges of-tho French  and English against the Germans in  1914.  For nearly 2,000 year.; the ground  on which the Great War is being  fought has been almost a continuous  battlefield. Every form of weapon  and every type of armor ever used by  I civilized man in the sottlement of international differences or private. quar:  rels has been tried, tested and developed almost on the same spot  where the efficiency of the most mo 1-  ern implements of warfare is now being put to the supreme test. Omitting  the one distinctly modern . military  arm���������the flying corps���������the differences  between the weapons of 2,000. years  ago'and the weapons ��������� of today are differences in detail only," and excepting  the class of weapons making use of  gunpowder for ;*e propulsion of missiles, it is questionable whether there  has been any marked increase iu efficiency either of men or of arms. As  a last resort, when the order comes to  rush the enemy's intrenchments .battles are still decided by brute strength  and hand to hand fighting���������sword to  spear, bayonet to bayonet���������just as in  the- days when Caesar wrote, "The  Belgians  are  the  bravest."  When Caesar invaded Gaul his  soldiers carried, besides their-curved  "oblong shields for protection, the  famous Roman short swords, sharp  pointed and two edged, for close infighting, with javelins or throwing  spears as missiles. These were also  .useful'in'hand to hand conflicts and  were the prototype of the modem  bayonet. Steel had not yet come into  general use, but these soft iron weapons had at least tl.e merit of being  easily sharpened on 'any convenient  .jtone. And backing, up tho. foot soldiers and horsemen, just as the artillery does today, was the Roman artillery, consisting of catapults, which  were huge implements for hurling  large rocks into the ranks of the  enemy, and the ballista, a devise  working on the same principle, for  throwing quantities of arrows. In each  of these the propulsive force was produced by the sudden releasing of a  great beam or tree trunk which had  been bent by means of ropes and  winches to/ form a huge spring. A  shower of arrows hurled from a ballista must ave created as much havoc  in the ranks of the oncoming Gauls  aj the bursting-of a shrapnel shell  among the foot soldiers does today,  while the great stones thrown by the  catapults wery often as large and  heavy as the shells of the modern  howitzers.  The one important addition that  was made to the armament of European soldiers prior to the introduction  of gunpowder was the bow. It was  | nearly 1000 A.D. before the bow be-  ' came what it after-yard was for more  than four centuries--the principal  weapon of the European foot soldier,  occupying in one form or another the  same position that the magazine rifle j  does today. -        ��������� j  , The superiority of the long bow I  over the crossbow was demonstrated  at the battle of Cressy in 1346, the decisive battle of the One Hundred  Years' War between the English and  the Fernch, where; as the old chroniclers relate it, the long arrows of the  British archers flew in such clouds  ���������that they obstructed the sun. The man  with the long bow could shoot several  arrows while the crossbowman was  shooting one.  In this battle, fought only a few  miles from the scene of some of the  fiercest conflicts of the present war,  gunpowder was used for the first time,  the English forces having three crude  cannon, or bombards, using the newly  discovered explosive to hurl stones r.t  tin French just, as Caesar's catapults  had hurled stones at the Gauls. It was  a hundred years or more after this,  however, before the use of firearms  became at all general in warfare and  i nearly two centuries before the hand  gun, mounted on a stock like that or  tho crossbow, began seriously to displace the bow.  Due to Foppishness  Care for His Attire on Field of Battlo  Directed Attention to Lieutenant  ���������  Ruzsky  General Ruzsky, commander of the  Russian .armies in the campaign  against the Austrians and the present  hero of the land of the- Tsar, was  noted when a young lieutenant for the  elegance and daintiness of his dress.  His enemies called him a fop and  dandy, ridici ling his habit of. dross  as a form of conceit, yet it "was prim- -  arily to this so-called weakness that  he owed his r'se in the Russian army,  says a military writer-in the-Wash-,  ington Star.  In the Turko-Russian war of 1877,  Ruzsky, then a young lieutenant,  served as aide de camp-upon the staff  of one of the subordinate Russian  generals. In the heat of the battle of  Plevna he had occasion to carry a  despatch from his commanding officer  to the commander in chief, General  Skobelev. Pie found General Skobelev  standing in an exposed position in  the lines surrounded by his staff.    .  Just as young Ruzsky delivered his  despatch to.the commanding general a  shell from, one of tho Turkish.batteries struck the ground near'by and,  exploding; flung a shower of dust and  dirt over the party. Most cf the staff  officers involuntarily ducked "their -  heads at the/crash, but young Ruzsky  stood firm and erect.   ������������������ // /  Then, as calmly as though he -were  in a ball room, he drew forth a spotless handkerchief and daintily, pro  ceeded to fleck the dirt from, his im-  maculateuniform. A smile of derision  flitted across the faces of Skobelev'a  staff / at this exhibition of 'apparent  foppishness./// But not /so General  Skobelev. Looking on the young man  with an air of sudden interest, ha  asked his name.      v  "You will remain with me hereafter  as a member of my staff," lie added.  "I am in - -j-c.-t of just such.men aa  you.".  Years after-when Ruzsky's efficient  service had proven the correctness of  Skobelev's estimate of him, that general was .narrating the incident of the  bursting shell to the Tsar.  "When a soldier has usch.'.a keen  regard for his appearance before his  fellow man that no sudden and imminent, danger can lessen his- consciousness and concern for it," he explained,  "he makes a most dependable leader,  of others. For he will suffer death  even rather than permit any concern  for his personal safety to impair the  impression of superiority to others lie  desires to make on his fellow man.  And, just as he guards the neatness  and daintiness of nis personal attire  through his desire to impress his superior elegance upon others,' so, even  though he be a coward at heart, he  will always play the part of the brave  man, ignorant of fear, on account of  his intense desire to have the world  consider him pbssesed of superior and  manly qualities.  "And in Ruzsky I am doubly, fortuj-  ate," concluded the veteran - of the  Turcoman wars with a smile of satisfaction at his shrewd reading of  human nature. "For he is both a  brave man and a dandy."  "Our community thinks your railroad oughter furnis.i a couple more  trains per day. We're going to take  the matter to th > legislature, too."  "But very few people in your community   ever   travel."  "Maybe not. But we like to see the  cars go by."���������Judg������..  Is your mamma sorry that I am going to marry your sister?  Oh, no, sir*! Ma says that sister  might have married someone .with  brains an' they wouldn't be half so  easy to manage as you.  Little Dorothy had received a present, a teddy bear, which happened to  be afflicted with a "crosseye." A vis-  itor\arriving soon after Dorothy had  received the teddy bear asked the  child what she intended to call it.  "Gladly," said Dorothy.  "Gladly! What a peculiar name,"  exclaimed the visitor. "However,  did you think of that for a name?"  "Gladly the cross I bear," recited  Dorothy, who goes to Sunday School.  Nieuport, over whose Gothic  Church and Hotel de Villc shells from  British battleships have been hurling  has had her second baptism of such  fire. - The interval of two hundred  years, however, has made, her one of  the sleepiest old towns in Flanderr.  Sleepier than ever of recent years,  for the pratcice has grown up of  artists who love the old houses to  paint in Nieuport, and live in Nieu-  port-Bains, the newer town. The  pride of trie old town is the fifteen*.h  century Cloth Hall, whose original  uses have long been forgotten, and a  great baroque bell tower. Sir John  ^'airborne, whose guns played about  the port in 1705, may have landed a  shell or two upon the ancient buildings, but of the damage done by his  bombardments no record remains.  "Mamma," said Elsie, "I wish I had  a real baby to wheel in the go cart."  "Why?" said the mother. "You  have your doll, haven't you?"  "Yes, but the dolls are always getting broke when it tips over."  Cinema   Film   Not   Yet   Made  The Journal Des Debats in    Paris  tells an anecdote' of the siege of Paria  that'did'not come off:  "A story is going the rounds of the  Italian press that before the formal  declaration of war an order had been  given to a leading motion picture concern of Berlin to have in roadinets  all the material'and men necessary  to make a film of the kaiser's triumphal entry int*o Paris.  The film was to have been displayed in all the cities of the world. The  firm in question had been provided  with all the passports necessary and  a special train of automobiles was  supplied so that its representatives  could keep in close touch with the  imperial headquarters." .  The minister was dining with the  Fullers and he was denouncing the  new styles in dancing. Turning-to the  daughter of the houre he asked sternly, "Do you, yourself, Miss Fuller,  think the girls who dance these  dances right?"  "They must be," was the answer,  "because I notico the girls who don't  dance are always left."  v;  WSW!B!B!^!!!S^^SSS&SiSS!9!!!i  'j^^si^sssmBssafam^sinBi Ir^M-i-*'  -J.cW-.4tT****. *v* *-i wrMfVitMUIiMMtJMHI  LNkkrU������H(t4)FKlM,tCn!U*>rf������r-P'  ��������� iter  THE    SUN.   GRAND,  FORKS,   B.C.  '!jf.  -���������ft.-  [German Armies in the Field  Sh time of physical trouble caused by  ��������� - fiidi gestion; biliousness resulting from  *Jorpid -liver, inactive bowels, is always given; quickly, certainly, safely  hy the most famous of family remedies*  [Urcett SaWof Any'Modkine in the WbrldL  _     Sold everywhere.   }a Bozo*, 25 canta  Though we have some:-  what advanced prices  because ot the increas-  ed cost and scarcity of  raw material, the usual  high standard  of our  quality will be  maintained.  FREE TO ALL SUFFERERS  It you feci 'OUT of SORTS' 'run down'-'got tho BLUES'  ivirn from kidney,bladder, nervous diseases,.  CHRONIO weAKNESS.ULCERS.SKIN- ERUPTIONS.PILKS,  -writ*'for FREE CLOTH BOUND MEDICAL BOOK ON  the.* dlwaioi and WONDERFUL CURES effected by  THE HEW FRENCH REMEDY. rt������1No2N.3  I and decide for  yourself ifitii  lbs remedy for.VOUR own aliment. Absolutely FREH  So'follow up'circulars. No obligations. Dr.LeClekO  KD.CO.HAVERSTOCKRD.HaMI'STEAD London.Enq  WI WAKT TO PKOVB THERAPION WILL CURK YOB.  Children Teeth.ng  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE: AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs,- Winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIC  AGENTS WANTED  Agents to Take Orders for the T,  System hand tailored, made.to measure clothes, no risk, good profit, easy-  sales; everything guaranteed. Exclusive territory. Spring Outfits ready  January. Write today. T. System Co.,  Nordheimer Building, Toronto, Ont.  PATENTS  ���������   Featherstonhaugh. & Co., head office,  King street east, Toronto, Canada.  What is it that goes up the chimney  down and-comes down the chimney  down, but will not go up the chimney  up or. down the chimney up.  Minard'a Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  London Punch suggests in a recent  Issue .that, owing to the Boor uprising In. Eouth Africa, under Maritz, the  town of Pictermaritzburg, change its  same to Petrobothagrad.  Germany Has 58"^ Army Corps Fighting oni'Two Battle Fronts  A semi-official communication concerning, the.German armies In the  field has been made public In Paris.  "Germany at present has at her disposal twenty-five, and a half active  army corps, of which 21% are operating against France and four against  Russia. Of the thirty-three German  reserve army corps' 22% are now employed against France and 10%  against Russia.  "These figures show . that there Is  a total of 58% army corps, a'ctive or  reserve, fighting for Germany on the  two fronts, and not 100 army-corps  as has erroneously "been stated by the  German government. '-  "If the territorial units (landwehr)  of which nothing was said in the German official note; are taken into account, it will be seen that eiglit  Landwehr army corps are engaged  against France and seven against Russia���������that is to say, in the two fronts  thirty territorial divisions."  State of Ohio, olty of Toledo.     I     ���������  Lucas County, t,     ���������*���������  Frank J. Cheney makes oath that ho  la senior partner of the Arm of F. J.  Cheney & Ca, doing business In tho City  of Toledo, County and State aforesaid,  and: that said firm will pay the sum of  ONH HUNDRED 'DOLLARS for each  and,.every case :of Catarrh that cannot  be cured by the use of HALL'S CATARRH CURB.  FRANK .J.  "CHENEY.  Sworn to before me and subscribed :n  my presence, this 6th day of December,  A.D. 1886.  (Seal) - A. W. GLEASON,  Notary  Public  Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally and acts tl'rectly upon the-blood anfi  mucous surfaces of tho system. Send for  testimonials,   free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold by all Druggists. 76c.  Take ilalJ'g. Family Pills for Constipation.  When the King Last Went to War ,  In reference to the- King's visit to  the British headquarters in ��������� France,  the Chronicle' says: "It is 171 years  since a British monarch left these  shores for a battlefield on the continent of Europe, in which English  troops were engaged. George II. -was  that monarch, and in the field of Det-  tingen, in Bavaria," he showed personal  bravery and skilled generalship.  "The allies then were the English,  Hanoverians: and.Austrians, and the  enemy were the French. George II.  commanded the allied armies in person, so that. there is little analogy  with King George's present visit��������� to  Flanders. After Dettingen an act of  parliament was passed providing that  the monarch of these realms should  never again risk his life in battle."  RHEUMATISM MISERY  Can Only Be Cured Through the  Blood.  Liniments of No Use  In no disease does the blood become  thin so rapidly as in rheumatism. Not  only does it become thin but it is  loaded with impurities���������rheumatic  poisons. Without the proper treatment these poisons increase, the inflamed joints swell and the patient  becomes a cripple. There are a.number of methods of treating rheumatism, most of them aiming to keep  down the rheumatic poisons until nature can build up the blood sufficiently to overcome them: But unfavorable conditions of cold or dampness  may give the disease the advantage  and a relapse of*renewed attack follows.   ���������  '���������'    ��������� .*'������������������'':'.  1; Dr."Williams' Pink Pills for Pale  People build up the blood and enable  it to cast out,the rheumatic poisons  with the natural secretions of the  body. Thousands have tried this  .treatment with the most beneficial results. .That every sufferer who does  not try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills is  neglecting the most helpful means of  recovery is shown by the following  statement. Mrs. Emeline Smith, St.  Jerome, Que., says: "I was attacked  with what the doctor said was inflammatory rheumatism. The joints  of ��������� my hands, feet and limbs were  badly swollen, and I suffered the most  excruciating pain. Notwithstanding  medical treatment the trouble became  so bad that I could not go about. My,  appetite began to fail me and I was  growing physically weak. A neighbor who had been benefitted by Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills advised me to  try them and I decided to do so. In  the -course of a few weeks I noted  some improvement, and my appetite  began to return. Then the-swelling  in my joints began to disappear, and  it was not.long unai I was perfectly  cured and I have had no return of the  trouble."  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills are sold by  all dealers in medicine or will be sent  by mail at 60 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 by writing direct to The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  ���������liilii  IIMIIll  because the entire system  becomes permeated with  .   injurious acids*  To relieve rheumatism Scoffs  Emulsion is a double help; it is  rich in blood-food; it imparts  strength to the functions and supplies the very oil-food that rheumatic conditions always need.  Scott's Emulsion has  helped countless thousands  when other remedies failed.  Refuje Inferior Substitutes.  Gurkhas Paralyze Enemy  Fury    of    Attack    by   Former,   With  Highlandss, Has Pitiable Effect  on the Germans  It is a tradition of the Indian army  that Highlanders and Gurkhas work  together. Here is a description of a  charge by the Highlanders, which, in  spite of the 'unflinching heroism,  might have failed but for the tinuly  interven tion of the terrible kukrie of  Gurkhas. The Highland regiment was  sent "forward to carry a line of hostile  trenches, but their heroic charge was  checked by a murderous fire and  barbed wire entanglement on which  they stumbled. Between the gaps in  their ranks slipped the Gurkhas. They  insinuated themselves like cats between and under the barbed wire.  Their kukris on their left hand,disappeared in the enemy's trenches then  arose a terrible medley of cries, the  harsh battle of the attackers, and the  groan or scream of the attacked, as  the. terrible knife went home. In the  tumult of carnage the commands of  German officers who sought to rally  their men were lost. In the mud and  slime of the trenches a terrible struggle, hand to hand and body to body,  was proceeding. The end came quickly. In a mad frenzy of fear'the Germans broke and ran, throwing their  rifles from them and blundering, into  their own wire entanglements. Such  prisoners as were taken bore in their  eyes- a nameless terror. For hours  after they were brought into the British lines they trembled constantly.  There was hardly need to guard  them. The terror of that charge deprived them of the power of volition,  and almost "of the power of motion.  For an Imperial Parliament  Speaking at the Royal Colonial Institute, London, Henry Ellis of Western Australia, urged the establishment of a truly imperial parliament  for the administration of foreign,  naval and financial policies.  The United Kingdom would in this  probably have the fundamental voice  of at least three to one, and the  Dominions would send representative  experts in higher political matters.on  a proportionate lasis;  Warts will render the prettiest  hands unsightly.- Clear the excres-  censes away by using Holloway's Corn  Cure, which acts thoroughly and painlessly.  Extensive Aid to Western Farmers  The Ottawa Evening Citizen states  that the aid which the government  is extending to the western farmers  who last summer lost their crops is  much more extensive than at first reported. "In place of $1,000,000, it is almost $2,000,000. The exact expenditures proposed up to date on seed  grain for the afflicted farmers is ?1,-  800,000. This will enable them to put  in heavy crops over the greatly increased acreage proposed next year.  What kind of dogs are the dogs of  war?  St. Bernhardis, I guess.  Reggy says he has great will power.  All donkeys have.  BUSY   DOCTOR  Sometimes  Overlooks  a  Point  Forbids Singing 'Tipperary'  United States Secretary Calls it a  Breach   of   Neutrality  Commenting on the action of Lieut.  Commander Evans, backed up by Jos.  Daniels, secretary of the navy, in forbidding the singing: of "Tipperary" m  the, United States navy, the New  York World says, editorially:  "Secretary Daniels agrees with  Lieut, Commander Daniels that it. Is  a violation of neutrality for the men  in the navy to sing"'Tipperary.' We  had never suspected that American  neutrality was such a delicate and  easily dislocated Institution, but we'  are bound to take the secretary's  word for it, especially when his  civilian judgment is sustained by the  expert opinion V of a Lieut. Commander.  "This means, presumably,, that the  marine band must hereafter cease to  give aid and comfort to the Gorman-  Austrian-Turkish alliance by playing  the Blue Danube Waltz. We take it  that 'America' will pass into the category of forbidden-music also, because  its tune is not only the tune of 'God  Save the King,' but 'Hail Der Im  Siegerkrauz,' making it a double violation of neutrality.  "We regret also to,report that certain goodly but neutral church .folk  persist in singing a hymn, the music  of which is the music of 'Gott erhalte  Franz Den Kaiser,' as well as of  'Deutschland uber alles.' This must  be stopped, lest' it prove a temptation to naval chaplains.  "Dedicated as-he is to noble deeds,  we are sure that Secretary Daniels  will do his full duty in squelching  both neutral a:.d contraband music  in. the. sea service of the United  States, nor-can we believe that it will  prove a difficult task.  "Why should a navy that has Jose-  phus Daniels for a secretary want to  sing?"  It Eases Pain. Ask/any druggist or  dealer In medicines what is the most  popular of the medicinal oils for pains  in the joints, in the muscles or nejrves,  or for neuralgia and rheumatism, and  he will tell you thatDr. Thomas' Ec-  lectric Oil is in greater demand than  any other. The reason for this is that  it possesses greater healing qualities  than any other oil.  Canadian Drug Makers Face Serious  Problem  Montreal.���������In an interview with the  Manager of Abbey Effervescent Salt  Co., which for twenty years has been  making this preparation in Canada,  he stated that in consequence of the  war, prices of their raw.material had  increased beyond the point which any  layman-would figure possible. One of  the important ingredients of this remedy ��������� costs three hundred per cent,  more, than it did three or four months  ago. That somewhat similar conditions exist all along the line is vivid  proof how even Canadian made products are affected. through the necessary importations of raw material.  The Abbey Effervescent Salt Co. as  well as most-"of the reputable drug  makers in Canada, is maintaining its  regular standard of prices, in spite of  the enormous increase in the cost of  raw material.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  A Weak  Bank  Will, said she, I am afraid my bank  is in a bad way.  How foolish, Mabel! It's one of the  strongest financial institutions in the  state. .Whatever got that idea into-  your head?  Well, it's very strange, replied  Mabel, unconvinced. They've just returned a check of mine for $40 marked  "No Funds."  W. N. U. 1032  Large Orders for Canadian Goods  Large war orders: are being given  to Montreal, Hamilton and other Canadian houses Including steel, woollen,  leather, hosiery and other goods, under the direction of-the British director of contracts. Further orders are  to be given on behalf of France anu  other allies, If Canada is able to promise prompt delivery. ���������  The fullest desire is shown to act  upon the' recent, compact between  the British, French and Russian gov-  ernemhts to give preference to the  British Dominions next ' only to tho  , factories':of the'allied countries and  Itiefore"' going to foreign countries for  .supplies.  ���������'Tll.be hanged if that plumber  hasn't charged me carfare for his  men."  ,    "Well,  they might  have  come  in  I taxis."  The physician is such a busy man  that he sometimes overlooks a valuable point to which his attention may  be 'called by an intelligent patient  who is a thinker.  "About a year ago my attention was  called to Grape-Nuts by one of my patients," a physician writes.  "At the time my own health was  bad and I was pretty well run down  but I saw at once that the theories  behind Grape-Nuts were sound and  that if the food was all that was claimed, it was a perfect food.  "So I commenced to use Grape-Nuts  with cream twice a day and in a short  time I began to improve In every way  and I am now much stronger, feel  better and weigh more than ever before in my life.  "I know that rll of this good is due  to Grape-Nuts and I am firmly convinced that the claims made for the  food are true.  "I have recommended and still recommend, Grape-Nuts to a great many  of my patients with splendid results,  and In some cases the improvement  of patients on this fine food has been  wonderful.  "As   a   general   food,    Grape-Nuts  stands alone."   "There's a Reason."  " Name given   uy Canadian  Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont.  Look In pkgs. for the famous little  book, "The Road to Wellville."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true and full of human  Interest.  The Foe of Indigestion.���������Indigestion  is a common ailment and few are free  from it. It is a most distressing complaint and often the suffering attending it is most severe. The very best  remedy is Parmelee's Vegetable Pills  taken according to directions. They  rectify the irregular action of the  stomach and restore healthy action.  For many years they have been a standard remedy for dyspepsia and indigestion and are highly esteemed for  their qualities.  British Sailors Left to Drown  Numerous British sailors who perished off the Chilean coast when the  Gorman fleet sank the cruiser Good  Uope and Monmouth might have been  saved, had the Germans made any effort to rescue them.  This ia admitted by the Germans  themselves, according to a sworn  statement made by the captain of the  French barque Valentino, which was  captured and sunk off the Juan Fernandez islands. The captain and  members of the Valentine's crew were  held prisoners on one of the German  warships  for  ten  days.  In his sworu statement the captain  asserted that the Germans said they  might havo saved numerous British  who woro swimming in tho water,  but they deliberately let them drown.  . The crew of the Valentine was  shamefully treated, ho swore, for  refusing to aid in tho transhipment  of coal from the barque lo tho warships. The Germans, he said, robbed  the Valentine of everything before  sinking her.  If Tormented'With Corns  Save yourself pain, worry and distress by using the never falling Putnam's  Painless  Corn  and Wart Extractor. It is .reliable and acts quickly.  Russia Stops' Wood Shipments  Tho Russian government has placed  an embargo on all kinds of lumber to  prevent its exportation. Walnut lumber, including Circassian walnut,  much prized by American furniture  makers, is specifically mentioned.  Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They ar&  brutal-harsh-unnecessary, lry  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely vegetable. Act  pcntly on the liver,  eliminate bile,and  soothe thedeli.  catemembrane  of the bowel.  Cure Constipation,  Bilious-  nets,  Sick Headache and Indigestion, as millions hnom.  Small Pill, Small Doae, Small Price������  Genuine must bear Signature  the Children's favorite  All Flavors  V  Packed in Gold  Lined Tins  Can be had from  your Grocer  Don't tnko too many chances irhh simvin,  ' splint, curb, ringbone,bony growths, swelling!  mid of lameness.  Dm  the old rcl table remedy���������  KENDAII'S  SKST" Spavin Cure  It has "been used by  horsemen, veterinarians and farmers lor 35 years���������  nnd it has proved  its worth in hundreds  of thousands of cases.  Bickerdike, Alta., Jan. 20,1013.  "I have been using- Kendall's Spavin Cure?  for a good many years with good results.   In  fact, I am never without it."  H. Neidorf.  $1 a bottle���������6 for ������5, at druggists���������or write for  copy or our book "Treatise ou the Horse" free  Dr. B. J. KENDALL COMPANY  Enosburg Falls, Vermont, U.S.A. 100  First Nut���������Do you think it will stop  raining?  Second* Nut���������It always has.  Minard's Liniment Cures Garget In  Cows. -    i  .  The Allies will do it if they  _ a.  "What!  Why, sit on the Ottoman.  TV  Began on Child's Face, Spread all  Over Head, Pimples Would Fester and Break Like Boils. Cuticura Soap and Ointment Healed.  Elroso, Sask.-r-" My little boy had eczema  when ho was about a -week old. It began on  his faco and spread all over his head. It  was in pimples and  they would fester and  break like lltilu boils  nil over his head, but  wcro like rash on his  face. The eczema was  very itching and tho  burning was intense;  \ \   /    / j    It made him so restless  he could scarcely sleep.  "I tried several ointments and salvos and  they seemed to do very little good so I  tried Cuticura Soap and Ointment after h������  had been sick about a month. When I used  Cuticura Soap and a few applications of  tho Cuticura Ointment I noticed such a  diffcrenco. Ho was ablo to sleep and hla  faco began lo got a now skin on it. I kept  on using them for thrco months, and two  cakes of .Cuticura Soap and threo boxes of  Cuticura Ointment cured him." (Signed)  Mrs. A. V. Thayer, July 13, 1014.  Samples Free by Mail  Cuticura Soap and Ointment do so much  for pimples, blackheads, red, rough and oily  skins, itching, scaly scalps, dry, thin and  falling hair, chapped hands and shapeless  nails, that it Is almost criminal not to usa  them. Thoy do oven moro for skin-tortured Infants and children. Although sold  by dealers throughout tho world, a liberal  uamplo of each will bs mailed free, with  32-p. Skin Book. Address pout-card '.'.Oa&<  cura, Dopt. I>, Boston. II. H. J> "* THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,'   B, C.  (Ehp (&mnh ?!Tnrfes &mt the g������vernnjent has no "���������spousi'i-nity  UiK waun*i'intv������^uH ..n theaffair) and his rpmark8 were  G.   A.   EVANS.   EDITOR  AND   PUBLISHER    app]allded   by     a    pUIXlber      ()f     thlWe  gentlemen   to    whom the tax payers  present $16(30 every yen- for   taking  thirty'days' rest cure in this city.��������� ,  Victoria Times.  8UB80KIVTION KATBS :  One Year -S1.50  One Year (In advance)  1.00  One Year, In United States  1.50  Address all communications to  Thk Grand Porks Sun,  1'honb R74 Grand Forks, B.C  FRIDAY, FEBRUARY,5,��������� 1915  METEOROLOGICAL  The Phoenix Pioneer has seen fit  to interfere in   a slight   controversy  between The Sun and theSlocan Record   by   reproducing from the latter  paper an   editorial  paragraph   concerning   the    editor   of   The   Sun.  The action of the'Pioneer is regarded by this paper as  a breach of that  striet  neutrality   which   should   be  accorded all belligermt=.    Nor was  it strictly   in   accordance   with   the  ethics of the   profession.   However,  we msikfi no complaint on this score.  The reproduction  of  the  item   did  us no harm . On   contrary, it furn  it-hed us' with an   excellent   oppor  tunity    for     saying    a ��������� couple of  words about the Pioneer.    We con  eider-that   paper one  of the   "most  s-ervile tools of the McRride political  machine.     Anything   to  the   credit  of'that org;)nization|is-freely enlargpd  upon, and everything- derogatory to  it   is   studiously   suppressed.     Its  maudlin fawning on all government  offisials   is   nauseating.    The cause  of this is the vicious patronage sys  tem of the Mc Bride administration.  The fact that the Pioneer  is   edited  by a man actually   in the employ of  the provincial government   may   all  lie regarded as a contrihutarv reason  for this state of servility.--  The  following  is  the   minimum,  and maximum temperature for each  day   during   the   p-st   week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. V. Laws' ranch:  Min..  Jan. 28���������Friday  10  80���������Saturday   ....    6  31���������Sunday, 25  Feb.    1���������Monday  32  2���������Tuesday  31  3���������Wednesday .. 32  4 ���������Thursday  25  Max.  2-1  25  20  38  _    37  40  ' 36  Inches  Precipitation  -.. 'O.US  :ws������TI CITY  Don't, wait  too long  to  have that  reset.������������������ Your diamond set  . while you wait. -        . - '  We have a  .  nice line of _  mounts in stock now  A. D. MORRISON ilV^SSZTc"  Handsome women are not always  the most amiable.  a CUB CHILD IS CROSS,  . FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look   Mother!     If  tongue   is  coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  Engineer Joe, Japp, who handles  the "throttle o'- the Phoenix ore train,"  ran over a groundhog on the 3rd  inst. The animal ha<l evidently  crawled out of his hole on the previous day and forgot to return.  Other hogs sutiuid ukh warning.  ���������  WANTED���������Position as special help  or housekeeper��������� Apply this of  fice.  ' Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs/'.because in  a few hours all the clogged-up waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.  Sick children needn't be coaxed to  .take this harmless "fruit- laxative."  Millions of mothers keep it handy because they know its action on tke  stomach, liver and bowels is prompt  and sure.  Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of "California Syrup of Figs," which  contains directions for babies, children  of all ages and for grown-ups.  The Sun ha" received   the  following notice from*the   post   office  de  partment   at   Ottawa:      "Arrangements have been made whereby tthe  ordinary rate of' 2 cents   per ounce  applicable to all    letters   sent * from  Canada to the United Kingdom, will  apply to letters addressed to British  and Canadian troops  on  the   conti  nent.    The rate on ordinary  letters  from   Canada  to   the continent is 5  cent- for the first ouncp, and 3 cents  for   each  subsequant ounce, so thnt  this extension of the 2 cent an ounce  nite.    to    letters    addressed' to   our  soldiers   on   the   continent   isa'de.-  ciiK'd reduction   in favor, of   cor re  spo.idencH going to the soldiers "  Postmaster Hull has received in  formation from, the department that  the rate of postage on Istters ad  dressed, to British and Canadian  troops in Europe is to be 2 cents per  ounce. This rate becomes effective  at once.        , **���������  According to Joseph Graham, of  Briihurst, for the second lime since  tbe creation of the world the month  of February wiil ttiis year be without a full moon.  Mr. Green returned to the city on  Wednesday from Anyox.  Paul   Stievenard   returned   home  this week from Hidden Creek.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country,'and the price is only one-  hall' that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its lar^e subscription "list  has bi'Hti obtained, and is maintained!, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  scc risers  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any *5*2 a year paper.printed in the  Boundary. , This is. the reason why  we do not have ro resort to'* gambling  schemos to "fain now subscribers or to  hold those we already have.'  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  Tbe d'-oartriiftnt of militia at Ottawa will not confirm or deny the  report that the first Canadian contingent has left for France. It is  said, however, that private advices  to that effect have been sent to Pre  mier Borden.  The Dominion Trust company ac  cepteel deposits up to tbe time of its  ci"ilapse The taking of deposits was  iliegal. The yovernrnerit knew the  company was taking deposits hut did  not interfere.    Yet Mr Watson says ' rowed  umbrellas  Occasionally a woman marries a  man to reform him���������-but did you  ever hear of a man marrying a  woman to reform her?  If we had to live our lives Over  again the chances are we would  tnake a different kind of fool of  ourself.  Many a man's honesty is due to  the fact that he doesn't know how  manipulate the gas meter.    .  Automobiles are a good deal like  men. The less character they have  the more noise they  make.  A man of resources sometimes is  one who has ingenious methods of  contracting liabilities  When a society girl marries she  imagines that the world is eclipsed  by her honeymoon.  A student of human nature says  ���������hat only, women   ever   return    bor-  Accept no substitutes, but get 'the  original���������The Grand Forks Sun. Tt  gathers and pi ints r.he news of the  citv and district first.  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  GasGy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutos.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour," undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad taste  in mouth and stomach-headache; you  can get. blessed relief in five minutes,  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You real* ������������������'.������ in five.minufes how needless it" ��������� v suffer from *������������������ " bastion,  dyspens- r any stomae. 'sorder.  It-3 tin cmcUest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  SECOND STIIEKT, NEAR BRIIX'F.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand;  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed that lays  persistently.  YEARLING HENS  FOR SALE.  S. C, R. I. RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up.  E.E.W- MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  Leaves Grand Forks Evory Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  from F. E. Sliantz'Office, Bridfje Street  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  perishable freight will also bo carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  HANSEN & CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  GaltC  oai n.  Yow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar store  Ffrst Street  TKLBl'HONKBj'  Om<!n, I'liB  Hanbk.Vs Kkhidknck. IMS  .    Has a large  supply of FEED AND FLOUR on  hand at RIGHT PRICES. .       ."  Flour from' $2.50 to $4.00 per 100.pounds.        -  Satisfaction guaranteed...  PHONE 95     FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P. 0, BOX 610  The apple packing school ia to be  held early in February,' and there  are still several vacancies on the  application form. Those wishing to  take this course will hand in their  names and the government fee of  Sl2 to Walter E   HUdden.  ���������John Wa.nu.mn.kei' says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu!l issteady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible . power."  THE  London Directory  (Published Annually)  Knaiilcs trnders  througho'it  the  world   to  communicate direct with Dullish  MANUFACTURERS it D BALE IIS  in enoh class of goods. Resides being u complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, tho directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets thoy 'supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the I'orts to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TKADIC NOTIOKS  of leading. Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres'of the United Kingdom.  A copy of tho current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlargor advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON dTrECTIIIH  CO.. LTD.  '2o, Abchuroh Lane/London, K<\  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS ������l0eHc.  pukting Pill for Women.   $5 a box or three for  $10.   Sold at all Druff Stores, or mailed to any'  address on receipt of price.   The Scobell Diuhi  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario. "  PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.  fgfSS  Vitality; for Nerve and Brain; increases "grey,  matter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. *3 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt  of price aTiib Scoiiell Dituo Co., St. Catharines.  Ontario.      v  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B.C.  AT YIIUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs  and Good  ��������� Horses at All Hours  at'  : the     '���������   ��������� ;,  *. Mode! ^ifvery parn   "  Burns $ O'Ray, Prop?.      :  Phone 68 Second Street  mGK BYTHE000D  Geo. E.  LViassie  J'WhionaLle  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING;  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forks, B. G.  ^p  .uumrapi  YJ  IBBBCV  4  si>">*v   .r\   \.A  ���������������      j  Classified Want Ads. are always  noticed. Thoy are read with  interest by intelligent people  who are on the locls-out for  favorable opportunities to f.ll  their requirements. Whether  y.itir bu.-3>���������-���������*.���������*?!���������* *j:' Inrj^-- .~*r snail j  th;. C2n������-;'i'.^ti Want Colun.ii!  via help you.  ���������They are usually best  and most satisfactory  in the end.  Boundary's Best  BOTTLE  BEEB   ]  ��������� ��������� ;i.. i..oni,e -product of   ltA  real    merit.     Get    a  a case today and try it    ���������  now.   Ask for it.  GRAND FORKS BREWING  COMPANY  Yale  Barber  Shop  ituzui- noji'iisr a Specialty.  P. A,  Z,  PARE,  Proprietor  .   Yale Hotel, Fibst.'Strekt. ;."'.-  flartinriulleri  All Kinds of Draying  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann Drug Co. 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Grand   Forts Transfer  "PHONE 129  Solo Agents for  *%  Teaming of  All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage  at All  : Trains.      ,  Mclntyre S Molnnis, Proprietors  Pays for The  the brightest  Sun for' an entire year";'   It is  paper in the Boundary country  Kmmm&smmm -'t9rW*������JUb.'W^.vfua  /\  THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  More Victories Are  Won. by Siege Tac=  tics Than by Assaults  c^Appty    thi? to  business  and see what it means:  ��������� It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more reswtful than cam-  paigps that come and go,  .,' come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend Jus  selling efforts now" is to  . make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Eorks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  JH  Th  e  - (Concluded from Page 1.)  area of 300 acres,, you can judge for  yourself the possible benefits of storing in the soil. My reason for urg  ing early irrigation lies in the fact  that in April and May there is an  unlimited supply of water.  I can imagine some   one  saying:  "There is one point  you  have   evidently overlooked, and   that is   the  possible injury to the crops by reason,   of   the   coldness of the water."  I agree with you that there may be  grounds  for such  reasoning, but if  the irrigation takes place as soon as  the ice leaves the ground,   the   difference of temperature-owing to the  addition  of,   say, three "Inches .of  water   would   not be  fatal- in fact,  during an early spring it  might   be  .beneficial in holding back the crops  a   few days, thereby   avoiding  the  late spring frosts. - r  What I would advocate would be  an irrigation to a depth of two to  three inches as. soon as the frost is  out of the ground, and then -again  in May. -   ,  In two or three places in my dis  trict this policy of early irrigation is  followed, and with good results. J.  R. Jackson and F. Richter, whose  ranches are a little west of Midway,  are both early irrigators. With  about 100 acres each under cultivation, they are able to produce sufficient fodder to winter close on 400  head of cattle between them.  In this valley the Grand Forks  Orchard company applied about 13-  acre feet, or about 1������ acre inches per  acre to their land during the spring  of 1914. The first irrigation commenced on the 27th of April and  the last was finished on the 28th of  May.    The   total  quantity  applied  was very small, but there was no  more available. I do not say that  the'land in question received enough  water, but I believe it got through  without serious injury.  rushed into the chambar to hear the  charge* made against-him of putting  through the legislation which permitted the Dominion Trust company  to steal the money of the widows,  orphans, working girls and the people  generally of British Cojumbia who  had entrusted their -savings tu the  tender mercies of men who, Mr. .Williams detlared, should "have the .doors  of the penitentiary swung upon their  heels."  One of the marvellous features of  the proceedings was the manner in  whioh. Mr. Williams was received by  the members of the house. From the  gallery the scene, to the stranger, was  indeed one upon which to ponder. The  members of the legislature, forty of  them besides the two lorie iheinbers of  the,opposition, are a fairly intelligent  looking lot of men. While' Mr. Williams hurled charges at the government, the like of which and the seriousness of which have never been  equalled possibly in the annals of  British Columbia history, these men  sat like so many mannikan's, accepting  it all as mere matter of passing interest.  There was not a look from   any   of  them,.save possibly from   Mr.   Cavin,  which' would indicate that any member- of   the   house   had any interest  whatsoever in the   charges being laid.  Harry Watson, for   instance,   several  thousand of whose   constituents   have  been   the   victims   of the Dominion  Trust   wreck, frequently   passed    his  hand over his head and put on  an ex  tremely  bored   air.     Mr. MacGowan^  member   from    Vancouver,   actually  slept during a great portion of the address.    With hand   to forehead, Dr.  Maguire  heard  the  speaker out, but  showed no interest in  the   words   he  uttered.  When Sir Richard entered the  chamber his face was conspicuous for  its pallor, forming a remarkable contrast to the more ruddy countenances  of the ministers sitting to the left and  immediately behind himself and Mr.  Bowser.  6000 MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cotton -I.I  They have stood the test. Give real foot  Comfort. No seuins to rip. Never becomes loose or baggy. The shnpe Ik knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for fineness, style,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  ptainless. Will wear 6 months without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR 8PECIAL OFFER  to ev������'ryon������ sending-us $1.00 in cunency  or postal note, to cover advertising and  shipping expenses, we will send post-paid'  with written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, <>i her ,  3 PAIRS OF OUR 75C.     ALUE  American Silk Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-1.isle Hosiery.  OR   6 PAIRS OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, size,and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery Is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer iu your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  P. O.  BOX 244  DAYTON. OHIO, U.  S. A.  - The weekly 'market will he ht Id  in the cannery building tomorrow  forenoon.  A double spendthrift ig  one'  who  wastes both hid time and h's money.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  As   Mr. Williams   went on j ������urniture   Made   to Order.  ParkerWilliamsScoresBovvser  Impeachment of Hon. W. J. Bowser, attornerney-general of 'British  Columbia, for allowing the government to become partner to the Dominion Trust company swindle was  the outstanding feature of an eloquent  and crushing attack upon the Mc-  Bride administration by Parker Williams in the legislature last week. To  the cheering of the packed galleries  Mr. Wiliiams confronted the attorney-  general with admissions made by that  official to the committee of depositors  in the Dominion Trust company  "That it was necessary to allow the  Dominion Trust act to go through in  order to save a split in the Conservative party and the wrecking of the  government."  Not in years has such a scene been  witnessed in the legislative chamber. Men hung over the railings of the  galleries as Mr. Williams spoke, and  frequently during his address, which  lasted nearly two hours, there was  such applause that the speaker threatened to clear the house.  Every member of the house, save  Hon. F. L. Carter-Cotton, was in his  place. Mr. Bowser sat at the right hand  of the speakor in his usual place and  next to him sat Sir Richard, the same  debonnair dandy as of old.  During  the   early   portion of  his  speech Mr. Williams did not refer  to  the Domion  Trust matters.    His attack udon the government, particularly the attorney-general's   department,  became so jsevere, however, that Mr.  Bowser left his plaoe in the chamber.  It was not until Dominion Trust matters came  up  that Sir -Richard despatched a page to the office of. the at-  norney general   and that official  was  with his address, the prime minister's  blood rose to his ears and for two  hours his complexion was alternately  one of chalk and crimson.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly  Done.  KAVANAGH & McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVBNCB  Argument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  fe Sun Print Shop  mmM&simiMmmm$mmmsm������gmg������mMm8m  ^sasmiSBm  SSSSISSBSS ' \  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    15. C.  m*trvr3Ktp*MZna\i mpawayxizxzMacKKH  A London merchant received a telephone message one morning from one  of his clerks.  "I'm sorry, Mr. Wilson," said the  clerk, over the wire, "I cannot come  down to the shop this morning on account of the fog; but the fact Is that  I have not yet arrived home yesterday."  Telia How She Was Made  Well by LydiaE.Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound.  New Orleans, La.���������"I take pleasure  a in writing these lines  to express my gratitude to you. I am  only 16 years old and  work in a tobacco  factory. I havo  been a very sick girl  but I have improved  wonderfully since  taking Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and  am now looking fino  and feeling a thousand times better."  ���������Miss Amelia Jaquillabd, 8961 Te-  houpitoulas St., New Orleans, La.  St Clair, Pa. ���������"My mothor was  alarmed bocaus* I was troubled with  suppression and had pains in my back  and side, and sovere headaches. I had  pimples on my face, my complexion was  sallow, my sleep was disturbed, I had  nervous spells, was very tired and had  no ambition. Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound has worked like a  charm in my case and has regulated me.  I worked in a mill among hundreds of  girls and havo recommended your medicine to many of them."���������Miss Estella  Maguike, 110 Thwing St, St Clair/Pa.  There is nothing that teaches, mora  than experience. Therefore, sach let-  tors from girls who have suffered and  were restored to health by Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound should  ba a lesson to others. The same remedy  h within reach of all.  If yon want special advice write to  Lydia E. Plnkham Medicine Co. (confidential) Lynn, Moss. Yo-ir letter will  be opened, read aiid answered by A*  woman ana held In strict confidence.  A Lucky Find for the C.P.R.  A discovery which may mean much  to the Province of Ontario has been  made at Caledonia Springs, namely  that the waters -of one of the four  springs Is strongly radio-active. A recent visitor who had hitherto gone for  his cure to the Austrain resort at  Badgastein was prevented this year by  the war and tried the Canadian spring.  He was struck by the similarity of the  waters which on test was found to be  due to the presence of radium. The  ���������last official analysis was made in 1903  before the ramifications of radium  were fully recognized, but Professor  Rutta'n of McGlll has been commissioned make a.new complete analysis.  The value of a genuine radium spring  in Europe is: calculated to average  from "two to three million dollars, owing t'p the number of invalids who are  attracted to such a spring.  I was cured of terrible lumbago by  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  REV. WM. BROWN.  I was cured of a bad case of earache by MINARD'S LINIMENT.  MRS. S. KAULBACK.  I was cured of sensitive lungs by  MINARD'S LINIMENT.  MRS. S. MASTERS.  Radium in B.C.  Three samples of radium-bearing  ore from British Columbia have been  received at tho mines department but  the quantity of radium in them lias  not yet been determined. The value of  minerals produced In Canada this year  will be considerably less than last, because of the scarcity of capital for  mining development and also tho low  prices for silver and other minerals.  Complete in Itself, Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator does not require  tho assistance of any other medicine  to make it effective. It does not fail  to do its work.  Mixed Farming  Farmers Are' Becoming More Alive to  the Possibilities of Raising Stock  Mixed farming, according to advices  received by the Canadian Pacific Railway, is now more than a fad���������it is  really spelling more dollars, greater  success and certainly in the future.and  fixing the people into the' soil in a way  that the single crop- will never do.  The farmers are now alive to the importance of mixed farming, alike for  profit and the benefit of tho country  generally. Men who came to the country and merely wanted to stay for a  year-or two, cared only for the abundance of wheat they could grow. They  impoverished the land, but made  money. Then they cleared out, many  of them. Meantime the railway company went up and down * the land  preaching the gospel of mixed farming. At first it war not listened* to.  Today mixed farming is becoming a  common practice, with capital results,  'to everybody, according to the advices  indicated. 'This extension of mixed  farming is having its economic showing in the west in the variety of production for the home market. This  market is steadily expending by the  -introduction of manufactures. These  are nascent, for the employment on  tho one hand, while on the other the  mixed farming gives to the industrial  population "the supplies which otherwise would have * to be found elsewhere. There is thus an equipoise set  up between the two which is mutually  beneficially. Most of the cities and  towns in the west have their own manufactures,-while outside these towns  and cities one can find the mixed  farm raising stock and vegetables for  the industrial-workers.  For Coughs, Colds' and Distemper, and at the first symptoms of any such ailment, give small doses of that wonderful remedy,- now the most used In existence-  SPOHN'S   DISTEMPER   COMPOUND   '.  Of any druggist. ,     ' "  *      -       SPOHN   MEDICAL CO.,     .  ���������Chemists   arid  .Bacteriologists,    Goshen,   Ind.,   U.S.A.,  WHO WILL PAY OFF THAT MORTGAGE  Should You Die Suddenly P.  Keep  the  Roof- Over the Children's heads by a Policy in  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.,  OFFICES:   Winnipeg,-Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver,  Calgary,   Reglna.     Agents Wanted,  FARMERS  Can always make sure of getting tho highest prices for WHEAT, 0AT8,  BARLEY and FLAX, by chipping their car lots to FORT.WILLIAM  AND  PORT, ARTHUR and having thorn sold on commtaolon by  THOMPSON   SONS   AND   COMPANY,  THE WELL-KNOWN   FARMERS' AGENTS.  ADDRESS   701-703   Y.f   GRAIN   EXCHANGE, WINNIPEG.  When a mother detects from the  writhings and fretting of a child that  worms are troubling it, she can procure no better -remedy- than Miller's  Wonn-Powders, which "are guaranteed  to totally expel worms from,the system. They may cause vomiting, but  this need cause no anxiety, because it  is but a manifestation of their thorough work. No worms can long exist  where these Powders are used.  Bagpipes Cheered   Highlanders  A very  interesting  account  of  recent  fighting  near  La  Bassee     has  been  furnished  by  a French  officer  accompanying  the  Allied  forces.   -  "At all costs it was necessary to  create a diversion in order to give  our gunners a chance of crossing the  zone of Are," he said.  "The general commanding .the British forces claimed for his troops the  honor of leading  the  attack.    Then  we saw the Scotch advance from our  left   wing.     Without    a     moment's  hesitation they plunged Into the hail  of  shell.    Without    suffering    great,  losses,   they  approached   nearer  and  nearer   to   the   great    guns.     They  stopped  an instant to fixe  bayonets,  and then they charged to the sound  of their beloved- bagpipes.  "They charged like Sir Walter  Scott's heroes, with their glengarries  and dancers' skirts. Neither ditches  nor barbed .wire stopped these wonderful warriors. Their dash carried them right.up to the guns, striking down the frightened artillerymen.  "It was tho work of seconds only  to remove the breech blocks and thus  put the huge field pieces out of action.  "The whole affair lasted only ten  minutes."  ���������Warm"  the Gold  Corners  On the Advice  is  He   Used   Dr.  Chase's  Ointment   For  Protruding Piles With Splendid  Results  Too often a doctor can only think  of an operation When asked for a  treatment for p *.es. Sone are sufficiently broad minded to use the most  effective treatment available, which is  undoubtedly Dr. Chase's Ointment, as  was proven in the case referred to in  this letter.  Mr. Simon E. Jones, Railway street,  Inverness, N.S., writes:.: "I have  found Dr. phase's Ointment the best  treatment 'obtainable for protruding  piles. For three years I suffered  from piles,-and was advised by a local  physician to try Dr. Chase's Ointment.  I had tried many treatments in vain,  and therefore know which is the best.  I can highly recommend Dr. Chase's  Ointment, antL, you are at liberty to  use this statement."  The record of cures of every form  of piles which stands behind Dr.  Chase's Ointment is the strongest  guarantee you can havo tiiat it will  promptly relieve and cure this ailment, even in the most aggravated  form.   GOc a box, all dealers.  "Men are always late. I have waited here sinco 6 o'clock for my husband to come, and it is now 7.30." "At  what .hour were you to meet him?"  asked the woman who had joined her.  "At 5 o'clock."���������Buafflo Courier.  W. N. U. 1032  It was a wet, misearble night, and  the car was crowded. Suddenly a coin  was- heard to drop. An old man stooped and picked it up.  "Has anyone lost a sovereign?" he  Inquired, anxiously.  Nine passengers hurriedly searched  their pockets and shouted: "I have."  "Well, I have found a penny towards  it," said the old man.  I understand that Jack has been  thrown over by no fewer than three  girls he's been engaged to.  Yes, he's working now on an adjustable engagement ring.  "I want you to- understand," said  young Spender, "that I got my money  by hard work."  "Why, I thought it was left to you  by your rich uncle."  "So It was, but I had hard work  to get it away from the lawyers."  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dusland Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  __ just Eye Comfort.   A*  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Ey������  SalveinTubes25c. ForflookoJlbeEycFreeasic  Druggists or Murine Eye Bcmcdy Co., Cblcegp  DECLARE,"  JL said Mrs. Comfort, "I thought no  one eyer would us������  that upstairs room.  And  you- couldn't  blame them���������it certainly  was   chilly,  and there didn't  seem to be any way  of heating it. Finally I got  this Perfection Heater and  now it is as good as an extra room.    With a Perfection to keep it warm it is perfectly "comfortable."  The Perfection can be carried anywhere, where there is need of  extra heat.    In-five minutes it will warm any ordinary room.  PERF  SMOKELE  TION  HEATERS  It is solid, good-looking, easy to clean and  rewick, and burns without smoke or odor.  At hardware and furniture storea everywhere.    Look for the Triangle trademark.  ' Mads in Canada  ROYALITE OIL i* be.t for all uses  THE IMPERIAL OIL CO., Limited  Wlaalpor Ctljiry Rtfiaa M.ntrwl QdcImc Halifax  E&noaton     Satlutaoa     Vticoufer     TtrosU     Otlt.w������ .  Over Delicate  It was In a small Southwestern  town that the town council, which is  evidetnly becoming unduly delicate,  caused .this notice to appear in the  local-newspaper when a tax on dogs  was imposed:     ' '"'������������������'   ''"'*    .  "Tax on each dog���������male,''one dollar j vice versa, three dollars'"-"'-  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Mrs.  "Is your husband very deaf,  Grady?"  "Well,, he . can't hear the alarm  clock mornings, but he can always  hear the five o'clock whistle afternoons!"  "What's" that  piece   of  cord    tied  around your finger for?"  "My wife put it there to remind me  to post a letter."  "And did you post it?"  . "No, she forgot to give it to me."  I understand you went through an  operation Mae?  Well���������I had my alimony cut off���������  if that's what you mean.   .  ~ood* Little  Girl  Lucile was a carefully brought up  little girl of five, and she returned  in high glee from her first party.  "I was a good -girl, mamma," sh������  announced, "and I talked nice all  the   tinie." * ���������---'.������������������.-''���������  ��������� ���������"Did ..you remember to say something nice to Mrs. Applegate just  before leaving?" asked    her mother.  "Oh, yes, I did," responded Lucile. "I smiled at her and said, "I  enjoyed; myself very much, Mrs. Applegate. I had lots more to eat than  I 'spectetl to. have."  Drives Asthma Like Magic. The immediate help from Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Remedy seems like magic.  Nevertheless it is only a natural rem*,  edy used in a natural way. The smoke  or vapor, reaching the most remote  passage of the affected tubes, brushes  aside the trouble and opens a way for  fresh air to enter. It is sold by dealers throughout the land.  I  trust you  gave  the "lion's  share  of your apple to Johnnie.  Yes���������Liens don't eat apples.  STRONGEST LINIMENT IN 100 YEARS  BEST FOR EITHER MAN OR BEAST  Nothing for Family Use Can  Compare With It  RUB   ON   NERVILINE  Wlien you have been exposed to wet  and cold and your muscles are full of  pain, nerves are jumping with neuralgia, then you should have ready at  hand a bottle of Nerviline. It robs pain  Qt its terrors, gives relief to all suffering, brings ease and comfort wherever used.       .... ���������"'-.-���������  No care or expense has been spared  to secure for Nerviline the purest and  best materials. It is prepared with a  single aim: to restore the sick to  health. This cannot be said of the preparation that an unscrupulous dealer  may ask you "to accept instead of Nerviline so we warn you it is the extra  profit made on inferior goods that  tempts the substitutor. Of him beware.  Get Nerviline when you ask for it,  then you aro sure of a remedy that  will cure all aches, strains, swellings,  and the pains of rheumatism neuralgia and lumbago.  In the last hundred years no liniment has been produced that can compare with Nerviline in strength, ia  penetrating power, or in curative ability.  For nearly forty years, is has been  Canada's household remedy, and mothers, will do well to follow the ad vie*  of Mrs. Jessie Beggins, of Stella P.O.,  Ont, who says:  "Very frequently there are ailments  in the family that can be cut short  if Nerviline Is handy. When my children come in from play, with a cough  or a bad cold, I rub them well with  Nerviline, and they are well almost at  once. Nerviline is fine for earache,  toothache, chest colds, lumbago, stiffness, rheumatism or neuralgia. In  fact there Is scarcely a pain or ache  in man or beast it won't cure quickly.  The large 50c family size bottl������ Is  the most economical; trial size 25c; M  all dealers, or the Catarrhozono Co*  Kingston, Canada.  mmmmm^mm  mmmmm  smgmgszssssm  ���������S55SS  "SSffi  BS&51&SB3&M  msssass ffr-HE. -slfisr, 0RAN0" fokeSTTRTS
a?
FRENCH GOVERNMENT ON INTRIGUES OF ENEMY
Publication of Yellow Book throws some new Light on the Artful
��� Diplomacy of Germany which  has Resulted in  the
��� -.   \ .. War of the- Nations
The French ministry of .foreign affairs has made public a Yellow Book
bearing on the' cause of the present
war. . The French, volume, is much
more complete than the publications
of the nature given out up to the present time by other governments.. The
' French report has 216 pages and comprises no fewer tban 160 documents.
It is devoted primarily to a recital
of the negotiations which followed the
delivery of-the Austrian note to Ser-
via (July 23, 1914;, and which preceded'the declaration of war by Germany
on Russia (Aug. 1, .1914), and on
France (Aug. 3, 1914). It is brought
to a close by the reproduction of the
declaration of the Triple Entente
powers,- that Great Britain, Russia
and France would not conclude peace
separately.
The French diplomatic documents
in this book are divided in chapters
in- order to distinguish the preliminaries from the principal phases of the
European crisis. The first chapter is
entitled "preface" (1913) and is devoted to the'remoter regions and the
causes of the present conflict. - An
extract of the Yellow Book given out
officially in Paris, reads as follows:
"It was first in the spring of 1913
that we noted this' colossal and expensive military effort which alone
can explain the desire to impose the
Germanic superiority and hegemony
upon the powers of the Triple En-
.tcnte. When France responded to
this menace by the drafting of the
law of three years service "in the-army
this measure of defence was denounced in official circles in Berlin as a
'provocation which should not be
tolerated.'
"April of 1913 a secret and official
German report defined 'the objective
and the means of national policy' as
follows:
" 'Convince the people ~f the necessity of an offensive war against
France; prepare _ uprisings in Russia
and in North America; provide for, in
case of hostilities, the immediate, absorption of Belgium and Holland.
- "These are the ideas extolled in this
repcrt. Such is the programme that
shortly, after we saw the Germans en-
deavor'to put in operation. Wo declare
that Emperor William, who up to that
time had posed as a champion of
peace, admitted in. the course of _a
conversation with the; ing of the Belgians that_,he had finally . come :o
share the "ideas of his military advisors.. He ;��� had placed himself
among the partisans of a war which
he thought would not be long delayed
and the overpowering success of
which, seemed to him certain. Public
opinion' in its turn permitted- its'eif
to be won by the passions :o\" the military party, and came to consider the
-affair of Agadir as a defeat for Germany. It regarded the existence of a
strong France as a danger to Germany, and the breaking out of a European war was the only remedy for
all difficulties and all uncertainties.
"These bellicose dispositions constituted a permanent danger for the
peace of Europe.
"From a perusal of the six other
chapters of the Yellow Book, :,which
are devoted to the diplomatic negotiations carried. on- in the month f
July,.is to be deducted and supported
by evidence.: the impressions that the
combination, between Austria and
Germany had decided upon-���war and
that on four "successive occasi-us tliia.
commission endeavored to precipitate
war by' violent proceedings, the purpose of which was. to prevent' or-' insure the failure of all efforts at conciliation. The first of these proceedings was. the Austrian ultimatum to
Servia (July 24), which was the origin
of this conflict. In spite of the fact
that the Belgrade government offerod
for the prosecution of the assassins of
the Austrian Archduke every facility'
compatible with its dignity, the cabinet of Vienna summoned the government at Belgrade not only to disavow
all complicity with the crime at Sarajevo, but furthermore to -permit foreign functionaries to seek the authors
of this crime on Servian territory.
"Vienna gave Servia only two days
to accept integrally these Draconian
conditions. In spite of the fact that
M. Von Jagow, the German minister
it -foreign affairs, claimed ��o be ��� in
ignorance of the contents of this note
(which was nevertheless known to the
president of the Bavarian council),
Germany immediately .and without restriction united herself with her ally.
The German Ambassador came to the
Quay D'Orsay (French foreign office
in Paris), and endeavored to carry
through a proposal which he represented as being peaceful, but which
was 'in reality threatening. He suggested that the conflict should remain
localized, and that any intervention
on the part of a third power would
result in Incalculable results.' This
was tantamount to letting it be understood , that Austria should have
every liberty to crush Servia and that
Germany would have recount-to arms
to prevent Russia from succoring Servia.
"Confronted with this situation, the
first thought of the powers forming
the Triple Entente was to gain timo
to examine the conflict with greater
care, and if possible to render it less
acute. The powers therefore asked
that Vienna extend the period of delay
allowed Servia for her answer. Then
Austria became fearful that she would
be left without a pretext of war and
she endeavored to ward oii this danger by another expedient. She declined or avoided the request for an
extension and declared insufficient
the Servian answer, which was given
to her in good time and which admitted and accepted her principal demands. Austria thereupon ordered her
minister at Belgrade to leave the Servian capital (July 26) and diplomatic
relations  with  Servia  were  severed.
"With this development the situation became considerably aggravated.
The powers of the Triple Entente,
however, still endeavored to bring
about a settlement In the meantime M. Von Schoen, the German Ambassador in Paris, came to the Quay
D'Orsay and demanded that 'France
exert her influence" on Russia in a
peaceful sense, but refused to exert
similar influence at Vienna. England
proposed to avoid a crisis by submitting the Austro-Serb difficulty to the
official mediation of the four powers
which wcve. not directly interested
therein. France and Russia accepted
this*' proposal to internationalize the
question, but Germany refused under
the pretext that she could not thus
humiliate her ally, and proposed in
the place of" this common action the
opening of direct conversations between Vienna, and St. Petersburg,
saying the latter wa- ready to consent
to this arrangement. The conflict
seemed consequently at this time to
be progressing toward a settlement
when "for the third time, Austria, by a
fresh provocation, killed the hopes
held by all the Entente powers in the
direction of-conciliation. She declared war on Servia (July 28) and began at the same time a partial mobilization against Russia on her frontiers (July 29). ' '.' ���
The report then goes on to
show how England tried to avoid a
crisis, through mediation of the
Austro-Servian difficulty by the four
powers not directly interested therein.
France and Russia accepted this proposal, but Germany refused. The
powers of the Triple Entente did not,
however, give up all hope and Sir
Edward Grey, British Foreign Secretary, started a new project for four-
sided mediation, in which Russia joined at the demand of France. Germany
however,'evaded this.
The French repcrt shows how the
Triple Entente in many other instances, endeavored to avoid the conflict, Germany balked every effort.
In conclusion the French report
says: "France, moved by a. deep love
of peace, exhausted every means of-
conciliation at her command. The successive violations of the neutrality of
Luxemberg and of Belgium and the
invasion of her own territory were
necessary before she decided to draw
the-sword to defend her very life."
Three Years of
V'ig
g
High   French   Military  Authority   Expresses His Opinion on  Matter
The Daily Mail states that a high
French military authority has givjn
private evpression to the following
views-as to the probable duration ot
the war.
His estimate is based on the belief
that the Germans will commit no
great tactical error.
He divided the war into six periods
���two past, one present, and three to
come.
���The first period was the advance
through ���Belgium'into France.
The second period was ' the battle
of the Marne and the German retreat
to the Aisne.
The third period is that of the fighting on the Aisne, continuing and developing into the battle of Calais.
The fourth period will.be a German
retreat and a battle on the Meuse.
The fifth period will be a further
retreat and a battle on the Rhine.
"   Tho sixth period will be the march
to Berlin.
He assigns a period of five months
to the battle of the Mouse���tho end of
April, or the beginning of May, 1915.
The campaign on the Rhino should
last nearly twice as long���that is to
say until February, 191G.
The final march to Berlin and negotiations for peace should ��hring the
war to an end >vith the final withdrawal of the Allies' armies of occupation in' 1917.
This estimate gives a total period of
rather less than 'hree years to'the
war. It is presumed by the same high
military authority that tho Russian
advance will occupy a similar period
find that only the steady combined
pressure of tho Allies can bring matters to a conclusion within the period
suggested. He assumes that the German forces will withdraw steadily and
that there will be no sudden collap:.j
of either front.
"i'es," . said the world traveller,
"the Chinese make it an invariable
rule to settle all their debts-on New
Year's "Oay."
"So I understand," said the American host, "but then the Chinese don't
have a Christmas the week before."
By Surprise
Tommies Out of Bounds Rounded up
Feasting Germans
(Related by a corporal of the
West Riding Regiment, now In hospital at Glasgow).
I got my wound in a fight that you
will never hear of in official. despatches, because it was a little affair of our.own, and most iikeiy
we'll be hauled ovei'-the coals for it.
It was what you might call a night
attack. We had some leisure in our
position along the Aisne, and there
was a little village near our lines
where we used to go for a bit of a
lark.
One night coming back���there
were about ten of us���we were surprised to, find light in a deserted
farmhouse, and were still more surprised to find sounds of revelry coming out through  the- window.
We peeped in arid.-'thero were Germans all over the shop, drinking and
eating and-smoking, and generally
trying to ..look.as if they were having
a jolly old time. *
"It was a dare-devil of an Irishman who suggested that we ought to
give the Germans a little surprise,
and we were, all with him. Doing our
best to look fierce and create an impression that we had at least a brigade behind us, us flung open the
door without any ceremony. Our
first rush was for the passage where
most of the Germans had stacked
their rifles, and from there we'were
able to cover the largest, party in any
one room.
They were so ,taken aback that
they made very little resistance. The
only chap "who showed any fight at
all was a little fellow, who had good
reason to fear us, for he had escaped
the day before after being arrested
as a spy. He whipped out a revolver
and some of his chums drew swords,
but we fired into them and they
threw up their hands, after the little
one had sent a -revolver bullet
through my arm.
We fastened them��up securely, collected all the smokes and grub they
had not touched, and marched them
off to camp. There was a nice how
d'ye do when wi got back, for the
sound of firing so close by had alarmed the whole camp, and we were called to account for our "behaviour.
I think they were-inclined to let
us down lightly because of the prisoners, particularly the spy chap, but
we had no business to be out of
bounds that niglit, and we'll probably
have some mark of official displeasure chalked up against us.
Even if we do, I won't worry, because we had value' for our money,
though I don't say if I were in the
same .position, and had time to think
it over, I should be inclined to commit the same offence against discipline. ���'������.���
ER AND VAST
HAS MADE WONDERFUL STRIDES IN RECENT YEARS
Allies must Depend on Russia in Large Measure to Deliver  the
Weighty Attack that will Result in the Final Crushing
of the Power of Germany
���Soldier Fights
Caught    Between    Trenches,    Passed
Luxurious Night in Opposite
��� Trench-'s
. The Indian at the front is the subject of a bulletin made public by the
Official Press Bureau. How the. Gur-
idias live and act in the trenches is
related, and the conclusion is reached
that the experience so far has 'been
rather tame to the men from the great
Indian empire.
'-'Nothing sensational has happened
in the Indian lines," says the bulletin.
"There has been trenching, counter-
trenching and a good deal of hand to
hand fighting, but no Gurkha regiment
has penetrated behind the German
lines and blown up a powder magazine..
"The Germans have i.ot attacked
the Indian trenches as desperately as
they have the other parts of the line
anc: have bejii repelled- without difficulty. When the Germans have captured an Indian trench it has invariably been recaptured, usually at niglit
with the bayonet.. ~*
"Despite the cold weather the health
of the Indians is better than that of
the white soldiers who accompanied
them from Ind: . While feeling the
hardships of tbe trenches acutely they
have not complained.
"The officers cf the Indians are extraordinary well informed regarding
the war. The operator of a Taube
aeroplane threw . down ver the
trenches many leaflets bearing the announcement by a German professor
that Sheik-ul-Islam had proclaimed a
holy war. All the leaflets fell Into the
har.ds-of white soldiers who were puzzled by them.
"Two Indians were creeping toward
a German trench on a scouting expedition one night when a searchlight
was thrown- upon one of them.
"He was quick wilted enough to
realize that no ordinary resource
would save his life. He immediately
arose to his feet and advanced salaaming to the German trench. Its occupants ceased to fire, disconcerted.
' "The Indian by signs indicated that
he wanted to .ti.i tho British and as .
result spent a luxurious niglit in the
German lines. In tho morning on
making signs that lu could bring other
Indians he was allowed to return to
his own side. He was promoted for
this exploit."
Change Post Office Names
That Canada does not-intend to retain any examples of German nomenclature which she can readily abolish
is shown by an announced change in
the name of a post office known as
"Voigts Camp, B.C." to "Copper
Mountain." The name "Little Metis,"
Que., has been changed to "Metis
Beach."
Upon the staying power and fighting
efficiency of Russia must-depend in a
large measure the final outcome of the
present war.. If Germany is to be as
thoroughly ��� defeated as the future
peace of the world requires, she will
have to be badly beaten on land as
well as at sea. To give her the coup
de grace���supposing, of course, she
does not submit to the desired terms
before that Is actually delivered���
the land war must be carried well
within her borders. France and Great
-Britain can doubtless assist materially
in the operations on German soil
which, whatever may happen in the
meanwhile, will, we all hope and believe, sooner or later take place; but
to Russia we must look for the weighty attack.which will make them conclusive. Hence the strength of Russia, and the extent to which she seems
likely to be able to use it, are ques-��
tions~of great moment. Of her latent !
might there is no doubt. Pier nearly
nine million square miles of territory
contain almost inexhaustible natural
resources. Her population of say,
170,000,000, increasing- annually at a
rate of at least 3,000,000, is an.enormous reservoir of potential soldiers.
Exclusive of her soldier caste of Cossacks,-'.born to the saddle and the
���sword,''which furnishes her with a
unique body of about 200,000 cavalrymen, she has upwards of one million
young men coming every year to military age. In the matter of food supplies and of raw material for the necessaries of life and warfare she is
more self-contained than ony other
great 'power.
By agriculture and grazing Russia
not only feeds her own vast population
but produces quantities of grain and
butter for export. Her seas and rivers
are plentifully stocked with edible, fish
largely in excess of home requirements and she has abundance of fuel
���timber forests covering nearly 1,-
800,000,000 acres, considerable beds of
coal and exceptionally rich oilfields.
Her mineral wealth is far beyond her
own needs, including iron���much of it
in close proximity to coal���copper,
lead, platinum, and gold. Great tracts
of the country, enjoy a climate at
least as good as Canada, "while not
a little of it is comparable to Southern
Europe in fertility and weather conditions. It is the greatest of mistakes
to regard Russia as a bleak,' barren,
icebound land. Only a comparatively
small part of the czar's wide domains
can justly be so described. That the
people as a whole have lagged behind
the most progressive nations of Europe in the development of their al-
m6st inexhaustible resources is true,
but they are both economically and
from the military point of view much
better prepared than is often thought
for the strain of a great war. Of recent years Russia has made tremendous forward strides. Her financial and
industrial advance was beginning to
be very marked even before the Japan
ese war, but since then it" has been
marvelous. With the lessons of that
war before them, and with the national energy stimulated by the adoption of a parliamentary constitution
and a larger measure of local solf-
govornmeni, the Russians have rapidly increased their output of goods ot
all kinds, raised the standard of their
industries, and above all,, completely
re-organized their army. Without losing the Slav idealism which underlay
their superficial barbarism in the
past, they seem as a people to have
awakened to the need of organized
effort for the attainment of a due
measure'' of material efficiency. -The
imperial government, the local authorities, ' and private enterprise have
been working,-,hard to open up and
husband the potential wealth of tha
empire, and with remarkable results.
Last year's budget was the fourth,
without a deficit, although immense
sums have been spent upon the army,
the navy, education, the instruction of
peasants in husbandry, railways and
other public works and improvements.
In five years the growth of revenue
(irrespective of new .taxation, which
amounts to only about $35,000,000 for
the period) has totrlled no less than
?365,000,000. This is proof positive of
prosperity. With better methods of
cultivation learnt largely from local
government instructors, the peasant*
are getting far more out of their holdings. In technical quality, as well as
in actual quantity, Russian manufacturers have shown notablo progress.
Since 1900 the number of workmen
employed in mills and factories has increased by about "three-quarters of a
million, and the output by about 40
per cent. This growth has been particularly noticeable in the iron and
steel industries, which are so important for war purposes. The fighting
forces of Russia have at any rate the
assurance of having behind them a
financially sound nation, fully capable
of providing for its needs while sending millions of able bodied men Into
the field. In the army progress has
been even more pronounced than in
die country at large. Mobilization arrangements, conditions of service,
equipment, methods of training, and
above all, the system of selecting and
educating officers, have all been thoroughly revised since the Japanese
war, and in the light of -hat great
struggle. By a scieme of pensions
for the widows and dependents of all
who fall on active service, the reservists of all classes .have been freed
from the fears which led so very
many during that war to evade the
call to the colors altogether, or to be
spiritless and discontented when embodied. Special attention has been
paid to aviation and new rifles and
guns have been in use since 1910.
Army and nation feel confident in a
new strength and there is every reason to believe that they can and will
endure to the end.���Melbourne Argus.
Brave Aviator
Defies Death
Searched Out Position of Hidden German   Battery and   Directs  the
Shell   Fire
"I had been in Soissons," writes a
correspondent from the f.-ont, "when
the allies and the Germans were battling for possession of the city. It is
now held by the French, but the Germans have mounted their artillery on
the ridge to the northward of the city,
and for eight days now they have
maintained their positions. They alternately shell the French positions
and the city itself.
"It was my privilege lo witness a
duel in the air between a French
aviator iu a biplane and German artillery posted on [he ridge commanding the city. A more inspiring situation has rarely been seen by mortal
eyes. The aeroplane carried an officer
to locate the position of the German
guns, which it was desired to silence.
I was able to follow his every move-
men through a pair of powerful field
glasses.
"As I watched the air craft swing
and turn through the small clouds, I
saw the aviator'was literally playing
hide and seek with dentil Tiie shol.s
were burs'-ing near him, but lie was
always on the alert. The biplane
would suddenly surge almost directly
upward, t. en describe a giant spiral,
then drop far down, but would always
turn in the nick of time to spoil tho
range of the German artillerymen,
wlio were serving their guns with remarkable precision.
The shells were constantly bursting all about the pit no and it was only
by the exercise of all his skill that tl)3
pilot was able to keep his machine
unscathed. He was far across the
German lines and discovered that the
German artilery was posted in a
rock quarry in what was practically
an impregnable position, witli the
guns masked and mounted so thoy
commanded the entire British-French
positions. The camp was provisioned
for a long siege, and beca .so of the
nature of the ground, both- in front
and behind it. cun <.nly be taken by a
tremendous sacrifice.
"However, tho aviator, after reporting to the commanding officer, went
up again and passed through the
same ordeal. This time, however, he
was giving the range to the French
artilerymen, whj had brought up
their powerful three inch guns and
posted them advantageously. The
Germans were literally shelled with
explosive shells and shrapnel, until
they were finally compelled to slacken
their fire, although they did not abandon their position."
Cut Off His Own Lea*
Describing the action in which ha
lost a leg, a sergeant of the Rifle
Brigade says:
"I  was  just  getting  up  and  turn-
>i? round to ta.:e niy platoon to the
left, when smack! went my leg���
and didn't I jump!
It did not blow my leg clean off; It
was hanging by a thick piece of
flesh, sinews and skin, so I hopped a
few yards down the hill under cover,
sat behind some straw, and cut my
leg off with a pen knife.
The shells were still flying round,
and one came pretty close to me.
I thought rny time had come. I lay
. there for over an hour until I was
carried to safety by a sergeant of
artillery, and I camo across some of
my men, who carried me to a cava
and put me on a stretcher.
I might mention I had a piece of
string round my leg to stop it from
bleeding, which saved my life. I
was not sorry when I arrived here
and saw the nice white sheets. It
was like coming out of hell into
it ca ven."
Manitoba's New Territory
Under authority of an order in coun
cil recently passed that portion of tha
old Dawson Trail extending from the
east boundary of lot 91, parish of Lor-
ottc, to the east boundary of township j
8 range 8 east of the principal meridian, has ben transferred from tha
control of the Dominion to the Manitoba government.
Austrian Adjutant���Our equipment
is no good.
General���So much the better! When
tho Russians get it they can't use it
Waiter���What   will    It    be,    sirf
Sauerkraut or pate do foie gras?
Guest���Ham and eggs.   I'm neutral THE   SUIs,    GRAND   FORKS,   B: C.  :ws of the cm  The annual meeting of the Kettle  Valley Rifle association was held in  the city hall on' Wednesday evening, nearly all the members being  present." A great deal of routine  business was transacted. Mr. Garrett, president of the Interior of  .British Columbia Rifle association,  was elected honorary presidant of  the loeal association, and the following officers were chosen for the current year: ��������� Captain, E. Spraggett;  treasurer, Neil McCallum; secretary,  J. A. Hutton; range officer, F. H.  Hutton; executive committee, composed of the above officers and W,  Liddicoat, H. N. Williams and W.  H Dinsmore; range committee, Leo  Mader, S. T. Hull,and Neil McCallum.  not read Mr. Bower's best book will  not be happy after seeing the films  until they have the book itself in  their possessiu'u.  J. W. Orr, of the Western Pole &  Lumber company, this week shipped  two carloads of -poles to Nogales,  Ariz., on the international boundary  line between the United States and  Mexico. It is said that the consignees find it cheaper to buy poles  on this side the line, and pay duty  on them, than' to buy in either  Idaho or Montana.  Fife, whore Jhey intend' to reside  permanently. Mr. Ansel mo is building a new residence at that place.  The Granby smelter will blow in  two more furnaces on Sunday, the  7th inst., which will make six of  the battery of eight in commission.  The remaining two furnaces will,  it is stated, be placed in operation  about the 1st of April.  A treat is in store for those who  have mad "Chip of the Flying U," '  B. M.- Bower's most amusing book.  They will have an opportunity of  renewing ' their' acquaintance with  tho-c K^at characters, Chip, Happy,  Weary, Slim, and The Little Doctor  on Wednesday evening next, the  10th inst., at the Empress thaatre,  when this laugh lble story will appear on the screen.  Those who have  R. A Brown has finished installing a 3 drill compressor and  other machinery nt the Volcanic  mine, and when, spring arrives he  will extend the long tunnel on the  property another 900 feet.  The groundhog  came out   of   his  lair last Tuesday, and returned with  out seeing his shadow.  Mr.   and   Mrs.   Charles   Anselmo  have moved from   Christina Lake to  COME AND ENJOY  We 18TH ANNUAL  iS'SLAND  Monday, 7:30 p.m., under the  auspices of the W. C. T. U., there  will be an evening of lantern views,  including a brief selection of music,  with an historic flag signal message  from Sergt. MacDonald,of the Sharpshooters, to be taken at the black-  board by one of the cadets-and  illustrated by a tenor solo by J. W.  Harris.- The eutertainment will be  in the Baptist church. The program will be of special interest to  boys and girls, but parents and all  others are cordially invited. There  will be a collection.  A regular meeting of the board of  trade will be held in the board  rooms, .First street, on Tuesday  evening next, at 8 o'clock. Members are requested to be present.  Lewis Johnson,of the Union mine,  has purchased the Betts and Hesperus plant, consisting of compressor, boiler and other machinery.  He.will move the outfit from Hardy  mountain to Franklin camp, next  week.  Fastest teams in in- U flfWiCV  terior  of B.   C. in fJUlmLl  Competitions for B. C. and  InternationalChampionships  Skiing Horse Racing and Masquerade  Secure Standard Certificates for one-way Fare.  For particulars apply to  A. W. ROLLAND, Secretary  ROSSLAND,   B.C.  NEW   HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop at my  old  stand on Bridge street and will manufacture  Nf������x\r H a m AccaTld  do a11 kinds  of  TNeW ndrneSS harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  ������  Rosslaml's eighteenth winter car  nival opens next Tuesday and continues until Friday night. Visitors  are offered an excellent program of  sports, constsling ��������� of fast hockey,  ski-ing, horse racing and a masquerade.  Harold Melrose, of Christina lake,  left last week for Edmonton, where  he will spend the remainder of the  winter with bis brother.  A meeting of the   Farmers' Insti  litute will be h'-ld in   the   board   of  trade rooms on  Saturday afternoon,  February 10.  Mike Marovitch, an old smelter  employee, was badly burned last  Friday by siepping into some molten matte.  Freight traffic on the Great North  em   from   the  south   to Boundary  points is reported   to   be increasing  in volume.  W. Beach, the Christina lake  merchant, has been spending a Week  with friends in Phoenix.  ,.   ..  ������/  ���������ZV:.'  { , -*fe^%  '"iSfH r*oo*>  Here We Are I  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  Porridge Oats  Ferina  "     Graham  "      WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale h$  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  ' Donald MeC'illum returned on  Wednesday from a business trip to  the coast cities.  A. A. Frechette has completed his  work of tearing down the Winnipeg  avenue bridge  For Sale���������One black horse; seven  years old; weight 1225 lbs. Apply S  F. Newbauer, Ruckle addition.  TAKES OFF DANDRUFF,  HAD* STOPS FALLING  Save your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  hair is mute evidence of a neglected  scalp;   of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  :.he hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair  of its lustre, itn strength and its very  life;  eventually producing a feverish-  ness and  itching of 'the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair root-  to  shrink,  loosen  and   die���������then   tl-  hair falls out fast.   A little Dander!  tonight���������now���������any   time���������will   ?'���������  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent oottle of Knowlton's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just try a little Danderine.     Savp   vwr   hair!    Try   it!  Highest cash prices paid for old  Stoves and Ranges. E. C. Peck ham,  Second hand Store.  (f  Three Squares a Day"  In spite of war and th e lionrs of  war a vast number of Canadians are  going to need "three squares a- day,"  just as in times of peace. They are  going to need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc.. too, and a surprising lot of  them will g) on buying luxuries a^  well.  The bottom hasn't fallen out of  trade.     On the-contrary a   new    bot-  e Milt for Your Baby Mu^t be  Sweet and Pure  B.C. MILK is recommended and  used extensively as a-food .for infants. The reason . is,, this: It is  Ciean, Sweet, and Pure���������always'  ready for use. For infants it  should be diluted with from two  to eight parts of boiled water,  arcording to age. It. has the  Natural Flavor of ' ..Pure, Rich  Cream.   *   .  ean,  ���������saEKTsagsassssss  torn- lias been put in. Live-advertisers are going after the new business,  new markets, new fields made possible-  by this great and unfortunate war.  Just as modern methods of warfare  will add new efficieuey, new features  to this war, so. modern methods .of  sellidg���������through tval advertising" and  merchandising���������will add new effic-'  iency to the commercial effort set iu  motion by the war.  American manufacturers  have dis  covered that owing to the shutting off  of German exportation they   have   a  brand new market at their  doors   for  such commodities as chemicals, chugs,  medicines, copper and    manufactures,  cotton goods, earthen stone and china-  ware,    glass     and     glassware,    malt  liquors, spirits, wines,   silk   manufac-  ures,    fruit   and    nuts, gloves,    em  broidery, hats, steel and   iron    manu  factures, toys. etc.  The American advertisers are. readjusting themselves with wonderful  rapidity and are redoubling their efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied them. Those who hesitate  will lose a tremendous opportunity  and be handicapped for months, per  haps years, to come.  What about us Canadians'?  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  PEEE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try Itl Hair gats soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If-yon cave' for heavy hair that gllB-.  tens with beauty and is radiant; with-  life; has an,iEComparab!e softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  "���������Just   one   application', doubles .,the  beauty of your hair, besides' It Immediately" .dissolves   every   particle, of  dandruff.     You   can   not   have   nicn  heavy,-   healthy    hair    if . you    have-  dandruff.    This destructive scurf rot.*  the hair of its lustre, its strength an-.l  its very   life, and  if not overcome  it  produces a feverishness and Itching of  the   scalp;    tho ��������� hair ..roots    famish","  looso-i and-dic; then the hair falls out  fast     Surely get a  25-cent  bottle  of  Kno'.viton's Danderine from any drug  store ant!  lust try IL'  Take your repairs to Armson, shoe  repairer.    The  Hub.     Look   for the  Big Boot.  The Sun gathers   and   prints  the  news first.    It is not a pirate.  The Sun  is  the  best newspaper  value in the Boundary country.  ass furniture  <I When in need of an "odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  fl We carry the most up-to-date stock of  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same careful consideration at our store if your purchase  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order.  <1 We   would   like  to call your attention  . especially to our Floor Covering Department.    Our stock is new and up-to-date  '  and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.        ���������  MILLER & GARDNER  Tbe Home furnishers  Scad  tor  OUR  FRR8  RINO  LIST  TO-DAY  Po������T  PRES.  Ma.ter.' ���������petl.l rlntf offer. Solid H-ct., Weddln* Rini! ������nd either  Solid Gold Keeper Mini for 3 /��������� f7' dollar.; mailed free to any  aidr"������t in the world.ors.nd l5������.aow,and Par ljg.on deliTerr.  Mister.- marvellous value, solid 22-ct. Wedding Ring and  either i8-ct.GemR'ng,setwithDiaiT onds RubieaPearls.&c.for  40/- (of dollars), or 201- with order and 20'- on deliverr.  Special attention jiven to foreign enquiries.    Write for List.  MASTERS', Ltd., Hodo Staros, RYE. Eng.  ���������iwjaiHMi^iwjwaM'mBft  G11  ii      If iiii-i.u*ii on Delivery System is in use in your country, then  you need   not  ��������� UiUi    soiid 11) 1-for cither two KiriKS you select, rind pay balance when you receivottie  Hinsis. " MASTERS, LTD.. BYE, ENG.

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