BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Feb 4, 1916

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xgrandforks-1.0179427.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xgrandforks-1.0179427.json
JSON-LD: xgrandforks-1.0179427-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xgrandforks-1.0179427-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xgrandforks-1.0179427-rdf.json
Turtle: xgrandforks-1.0179427-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xgrandforks-1.0179427-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xgrandforks-1.0179427-source.json
Full Text
xgrandforks-1.0179427-fulltext.txt
Citation
xgrandforks-1.0179427.ris

Full Text

 EOfi  -;l  \  LeyislHtive Library  jsHWWKHK^^  /'������������������? ���������  8161 0 I 93;^  /   f  ,:���������. J  and  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No, 13 |  GRAND FORKS,   B. C, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  Drafts of soldiers from the Independent Company of Rifles left at  4 o'clock Monday afternoon on the  Canadian Pacific railway passenger  for the 102nd battalion at Comox,  the 172nd battalion at Kamloops,  and the 131st battalion at New  Westminster. The boys were given  a rousing send off by an immense  multitude of assembled citizens.  The following is a list of those who  went, together with vital information concerning them:  Draft for 102nd Battalion��������� '  Sergt.-Maj. Peter Barker���������Age 42,  smelterman, married; born, Loch  Lomond, * Scotland; "next of  kin, Mrs. Barker, Grand Forks, B.  ���������. Highland Light Infantry, Royal  Horse Artillery, Independent Company of Rifles.  Sergt. Thomas Bourchier Cave ���������  Age 27, law student, married; born,  Sutton, Surrey,- England; next of  kin, Mfs~ W. E. Cave, Grand Forks,  B. C. 2nd B. V. Wilts, Indepen  dent Company of Rifles.  Sergt. Archibald  Thomas  Symes  ���������Age   19,   rancher,   single;   born,  Winnipeg,    Canada;   next   of   kin,  Thomas Symes,  Grand   Forks, B C  Independent Company of Rifles  Corp. Alex Hugo Johnson���������Age  20, lumberman, single; born, Chicago, III., U.SA.; next of kin, A.  Johnson,San' FranciscoTU.S A. 54t"h  Battalion, Independent Company of  Rifles  Corp. Andrew Neilson Mowat���������  Age 28, publisher, single; born, Falkirk, fScotland; next of kin, Mrs.  Mowat, .Montreal. Indepenndent  Company of Rifles  Lanoe-Corp. Alex MeGhie���������Agj.  22. g ocer, single; born, Glen Luce.  Sctland; next of kin, A. MeGhie.  Glen Luce, Scotland. Independent  Company of Rifles.  Pte   Charles   Cyril   Hewer���������Age  27,   miner,   married; born, Oxford,  England; next  of  kin, Mrs. Hewer,  Grand   Forks.    Queen's    West min  sters,   Independent     Company     of'  Rifles.  Pte. William George Corcoran���������  Age 25, rancher, single; born, Mt.  Bridges, Ont, Canada; next of kin,  Denis Corcoran, Mt Bridges. Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte William Cecil Collins���������Age  20, rancher, single; born,Cartwright,  Man , Canada; next of   km, H. W,  Collins, Grand Forks.   Independent  Company of Rifled.  Pie. John Brimi'ombe.Ellis���������Age | single; born,    Camherwell,  London,  Hussey���������Age   42,   rancher,   single  born, Revv Farm,   Dorset,' England  next of kin, G. W. Hussey, BayHon,  Wilts, England.   Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. William Hugh Henderson���������  Age 37, machinist, single; born,  Springhill, Nova Scotia; next of kin,  Mrs. W. Robertson, Hedley, B. C.  Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Gcoffrev Maurice Maxwell  Haddon���������Age 20, rnncher, single;  horn, Balham, London, England;  next of kin, T. Haddon, London,  England. 8t. Paul's School O.T.C.,  independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Charles Edward Hopkins-  Age 37, teamster, single; born, Detroit, Mich., U.S.A.; next of kin,  Mrs..C. H. Hopkins, Detroit. Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Charles Gust Johnson���������Age  44', miner, single; born, Karlsbam,  Sweden; next of kin, none. Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Albert Jorgensen���������Age- 41.  carpenter, single; born, Copenhagen,  Denmark; next of kin, A. Johnson.  PenUoton. B. C. Independent Corn-  pan v of Rifles.  Pte. William Jones���������Age 41, engineer, single; born, Kingston,Hereford, England; next ol kin, none  Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Albert Keir Age 38, miner,  single; bom, Denmark; next of kin,  Mrs. Jensen, Aarhaus, Denmark.  Danish navy, Independent Company  of Rifles.  Pte.-James Kelly���������������������������Age 28, plumber, single; born,. Boston, US.A.;  next of kin, Mrs. W. Robertson,  Hedley, B.C. US. navy, Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Antonio Marronne���������Age 27,  miner, single; born, Campora, P. Di  Saiernorltalyj-next of- kin," P. Mar"  rone. Italy. Independent Company  of Rifles.  Pte. William John Whippier���������  Age 28, mechanic, single; horn,  Chesley, 0'it., Canada; next of kin,  W. Whippier, Chesley; Canada. Independent Company of Rifles.  William Tallett���������Age 24,rancher,  single; born, Newcastle, England;  next of kin, G. D. Nicholas, London, England. Independent .Company of Rifles.  Pte Ernest Knowles���������Age .'33,  mechanic, single; born, St. Albans,  Herts, England; next of kin,Miss A.  Knowles, E. Molesey, England. E.  Surrey Vol. regiment. Independent  Company of Rifles.  Pte. Stanley George Wolverson���������  Age 19, teamster, single; born, Wolverhampton, England; next of kin,  G   Wolverson, Greenwood, B.C.  Pte. E.lgarGauthier���������Age 30, carpenter, single; bojn; Ijorrertn. Man.,  Canada; next of kin,    0.   Gauthier,  Grand Forks   54th   Battalion, Inde  pendent Company of Rifles.  Pie Fred Daly���������Age   34,   miner,  A Vancouver dispatch, printed in  .the government   press    throughout  the province, savs the  bye-elections  will be held in Vancouver,  Victoria  and Rossland between   now and the  end of   February, to confirm   seats  taken by new ministers in tbe Bowser cabinet.    In Victoria Hon. A. C  Flumerfelt will be opposed   by   the  Liberal   leader, H. C.   Brewster;  in  Vancouver Hon. C.   E. Tisdall   will  lie opposed    by   M.   A. Macdonald,  Liberal,  and   former   Mayor  L.  D  Taylor, independent, and  in   Ross  land Hon.   L. A. Campbell will   be  opposed by Mayor Willson.  A session of the legislature will be  held in March, and a  general   elec  tion about the first of May.'  44, rancher, married;   horn,   Paign  ton, Devon, Eng'a-id; next   of   kin,  Mf8    E.-EMis,   Grand  Forks.    2nd  Queen's W. Surrey  regimen!:. Inde  pendent Company of Rifles.  Pte Christopher Eaton���������Age 43,  rancher, single; born, Hartley, England; next of kin, S. L Enton, Hartley, England. Independent Company of Rifles.  Pte. Everett Glen Eaton���������Age 20,  single; born, Mountain Home, Arkansas, US.A.; next of kin, E. M.  Eaton, Grand Forks.  Pte. Alexander Forbes���������Age 40,  miner,' single; born, Aberdeen, Scot  land; next of kin, Mrs. M. Forbes,  Aberdeen, Scotland. Independent  Company of Rifles  England; next of kin, Mrs Car-v,  London, England. Royal Garrison  Artillery, Independent Company of  Rifles.  Pte. George Charles   Brown���������Age  4-0, motor driver, single; horn, Christ-  church, New Zealand; next  of  kin,  W. J. Brown; England.    13th   Mid  dlesex T. P. (2nd lieut)  Pte. Robert   Dempster-��������� Age  41,  miner, single; born,   Newton  Stew  art, Scotland; next of   kin,  W.    M.  Wilson, Greenwood.  Pte. Archibald Paterson   Smith���������  Age 27, school teacher, single; born,  Glasgow, Scotland, next of kin, Miss  Smith,   Glasgow, Scotland.    School  cadets.  Pte. Ewart   Graham   Blake   Mc-  Pte.   Harry   Lester Goodin���������Age.Mynn���������Age   17, single;  born,   Vic  30, rancher, single; born, Cody, Ne-|toria, B.C.; next of kin,   J.   G.   Mc  braska, U.S.A.; next of kin, Mrs. S. ; Mynn, Midway. B. C.  J. Goodin,. Bailey, Nebraska.   Inde-j     Pte. Thomas Samuel Buchmar Jr.  pendent Company of Rifles. ���������^Age 22, single; born, London,Eng-  Pte. Aldhemar Wilfred  Galipeau  land; next of kin, T. S.   Buchmar,  ���������Age 18, single; born, Notre Dame Midway, B C.  de Stanbridge, Que ,   Canada;   next I     Pte. James Warburton���������Age   44,  of kin, W.J. Galipeau, Grand Forks, 'single; born, England; next  of  kin,  Independent Company of Rifles.       iJ. Warburton, England.  Pte.  Alfred  Clyde   Heaven���������Age;     Pte. Gerald Purefoy Harpur���������Age  18, rancher, single;   born,   Oakville,  22, single; born, Poole, Dorset,Eng-  Ont.,   Canada;   next   of   kin, C. C. ! land; next  of   kin,   T, W. Harpur,  Heaven, box 266, Grand Forks.  In-  North Hants, England,  dependent Company of Rifles. j    Pte. Gerald Cleveland Summers���������  Pie.  Edward   Septimus   Ludlow  Age 2G, single; born, Vancouver, B.  C; next of kin, Mrs.   H.  Summers,  Midway, B.C.  Pte. Francis Reuben Brown���������Age  20, farmer, single; born, Essex, Eng  land; next   of   kin, Mrs. A. JBrown,  Midway, B. C  Pte. Edgar Graves Sparks���������Age  35, farmer, single; born, Oroville,  U.S.A.; next of kin, Mrs. Sher-  bourne, Oakland, U.S A.  Pte.   Frederick  Loz^au���������Age 23.  rough rider, single; born,   Missoula,  ,M.ont., U.S.A.;   next   of   kin,   Mrs  N. L~ Nelson, Fortine,  Mont.  Bugler Wiiliam Edmund Eureby  ���������Age 29, engineer, married; born,  Reading, Berks, England; next of  kin, Mrs. E. Eureby, Grand Forks  E. Surrey regiment, R M.R, 54th  battalion, Independent Company of  limes.  t'ugler Joseph Galipeau���������Age 17  ->l;n:ksmitli; born. St. Jerome J,a<:  .-������'. Jean, Que.. Canada; next of kin  W. J. Galipeau, Grand Forks. Independent Company of Rifles.  Bugler Willred Horton Holmes���������  Age 18, rancher, single; born, Port  Custer, Cal., US.A; next of kin,  W Holmes, Grand Forks Independent Company of Rifles.  Bugler Andrew Patterson���������Age  18, single; born, Dundee, Scotland;  next of kin, Mrs. S. Poole, Phoenix,  B.C. Independent Company of Rifles  Draft for 172nd Battalion���������  Corp. Peter Lekich���������Age 27,  miner, single; born, Wirpzir, Montenegro; next of kin, Mike Lekich,  Montenegro. Independent Company ot Rifles  Lance Corp   Richard    Park���������Age  28,'teamster, married; born,   Elver  ston, England; next of kin,  Mrs  R.  Parks, Grand   Forks.     Independent  Company of Rifles  Pie Harry Edward Coomber���������Age  20,    laborer, , single; born,  London,  England; next of kin, J T Coomber,  Penticton, B. C    Independent Com  pany of Rifles  Pte Dixie John Canon���������Age 27,  printer, married; born, Sioux Reservation, S Dakota, U S \;'next of  kin, G D Canon, Spokane, Wash.  US Marines,Independent Company  of Rifles  Pte Tomas Cowell���������Age 3'2,ranch-  er, single; bom, Isle of Man, England; next of kin, A Cowell, Chuchu  P 0., B C. Independent Company  of Rifles  Pte Thomas Fraser���������Age 27, tile  setter, single; born,   Glasgow,   Scot  land; next of kin,   Mrs Fraser,   518  Smy the street, Vancouver. Independent Company of Rifles  Pte Frederick Carmichael Graham  ��������� Age 33, printer, single; born,  Liverpool, England; next of kin, W  Graham, Liverpool. Independent  Company of Rifles  Pte Vincent Joseph Lamping���������  Age 44, cook, f-ingle; born, Kempt-  ville, Ont, Canada; next of kin, E P  Lamping, Ridgway, Ont. Independent Company of Rifles  carpenter, single; born, Weyhridge,  Surrey, England; next of kin, F  Lawrence, London, England. Independent Company of Rifles  Pte Charles Marion���������Age 26, rigger, single; born, Fort George, Ont,  Canada; next of kin, Mrs J Reilly,  Jersey City Heights. Independent  Company of Rifles  Pte John Armfield Parry���������Age  23, baker, single; born, Dysertn,  Wales; next of kin. Mrs Parry,  Pendyffryn, Wales. Independent  Company of Rifles  Pte George Alfred Sargeant���������Age  18, teamster, single; born, Essex,-  England; next of kin, W Sargeant,  Essex, England. Independent Company of Rifles  Pte Thomas  Evan Thomas���������Age  20, miner, single; born, Penygroes,  Wales; next of kin, Mrs E Thomas,  Glanllyfnwy, Wales Indepondent  Company of Rifles  Pte Thomas Henry Wilkinson���������  Age 26, teamster, single; born.Farn-  ham, Surrey, England; next of kin,  Mrs H Wilkinson, Christina Lake.  Independent Company of Rifles  Pte   Michael   Carroll���������Age     29,  traction engineer, single; .born,   Bal  linglass,   Wicklow, Ireland;   next   of  kin, Mrs Carroll, Ireland  Pte Fred Coomber���������Age 27, cook,  .married;    b >rn,    London,   England;  next oFkin, Mrs L Coomber,   Grand  Forks.     Royal navy  Pie  John    Alton  Matheson- Age  21, teamster, single; born, Oxford,  Nova Scotia; uext of kiu.Mrs Mathe-  sou, Phoenix, B C  Pte James J McDougall���������Age 29,  hotel clerk, single; born, Alexandria.  Ont, Canada: u^xt of kin,   Mrs   Mc  Do'ugall,   Grand    Forks.    54th   bat  caliim.  Pte  Alexander Ritchie���������Age  40,  packer, single; born, Glen'gary Coun  ty, Ont, Canada; n-xt of kin,  Mrs G  Ritey. Ash croft, B C  Uraft for 131st Battalion, New  Westminster:  Pte Robert Campbell���������Age 44,  merchant, married; born, barrhiil,  Scotland; next of kin, Mrs L Citnp  bell, Grand Forks Independent  Com pany. of Rifles.  The drafts sent away on Monday  for the overseas battalions now  bring the total number of men  from the Independent Company of  Rifles up to 237. Forty-seven men  went to the 102nd batlalion at Comox, nineteen men to the 172nd  battalion at Kamloops, and one  man to the 131st battalion at New  Westminster.  The following promotions have  been made: Pte. A. Carlisle to be  corporal, Pte. J. S. Nye to be corporal.  The following men have been attested and are uow ou the strength  of the company: Pte. Roy Angus McDonald, Pte. Arthur Ful-  lou Geddes, Pie. Fred Wilfred Forth).  Recruits are wanted for the 6tn  Field Company Engineers at Vancouver. Ttie following tradesmen are  required: Carpenters, plumbere,  electricians, civil engineers, mining  engineers, surveyors, architects, etc.  Recruits should apply at the barracks, and. if physically fit transportation can be arranged immedi-  alely.  The men composing the overseas  drafts wish to thank tueDaughters of  Ihe Empire and otherfriends for their  kindness generally, and particularly  for the gifts bestowed upon them  on tne occasion of their leaving  Grand Forks to join their battalious-  The Grand Forks Ministerial association, with Rev. M. D. McKee  as president and Rev. C. VV. King as  secretary, was organized in this city  last Monday afternoon.  A regular meeting of the Grand  Forks board of trade was held in the  board rooms last Friday evening.  President DeCew presiding.  The board decided to pay Mr.  Lake for the cuts to be used in tbe  publicity article in the Kettle Valley supplement of the Chinook  paper, published by the Greater  Vancouver Publishing company  The  following  letter from Hon.  Martin Burrell, minister of   agriculture, referring to the resolution from  the board asking for an amendment  tothe Dumping Clause, was read by  the secretary:    "I am in  receipt   of  your letter of tbe  8th   inst., enclosing copy of resolution passed by the  board   of   trade, dealing   with   the  Dumping Clause and   suggesting an  amendment,   which   shall   make it  operative  as against   commodities,  especially fruit  and lumber, placed  on our market below the cost of production.  I have  a very strong sympathy  with   the object aimed at in  the resolution, and  I have   bad the  matter brought to my attention from  time to time, especially  in  connection with fruit. As you   are   aware,  the   Dumping   Clause was designed  to deal with the situation in   which .  surplus goods would   be exported to  the   Canadian   market   at  a  price  lower than the price   for which they  were customarily sold in the United  States  market.    Such   prices   have  been fairly easy to establish in connection with what one may call the  trade   staples.     When   one  comes,  however, to deal with a  commodity  like fruit, which has no  fixed price  in the country of origin and   which  in some years has had great difficulty in finding a market at any   price  in   that   country, the case  is  very  difficult and  I can   quite  see   that  there   might   be  many and serious  difficulties iu establishing and proving costs of production over  a   very  large area in another country.    The  principle inv''"fcd, however, I think  is sound, ana in any case I am   enclosing a copy of the resolution both  to   the   minister of finance and the  minister of customs, with a covering  letter in   which   I   have   expressed  strong   sympathy   with   the object  aimed at.    Even   if,   however, such  an   amendment   were  advisable, it  may   not   be   possible to  deal with  general legislation thissession, which  will   be occupied mainly, if not entirely, with war measures.    In  any  c^e I could not speak definitely on  the matter at the present time."  On motion, the letter in reference  to prohibition was ordered filed.  The letter on the passing of the Egg  Mark act was directed to be handed  to the poultry association.  The resolution drawn up by the  publicity committee requesting that  funds for all patriotic movements be  raised by general taxation, was tabled, the board not being in favor of  the resolution.  The board of   trade will   hold   its  next   meeting   on   Friday evening,  Pte   James   Lawrence���������Age   23, ' February 11.  An excursion was run over the  Kettle Valley line on Wednesday  night to Cbimento's hotel at Lynch  creek, where a dance was given.  Nearly all the trains arriving in  the city have lately acquired the  habit of heing hebind time. THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,    B. a  /���������-  A BRIGHT TOBACCO .OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PEE FLU������  *  Deep Soil  Has a Greater Crop Producing   Capacity  Than   Shallow  Crops depend upon the preparation  of tiie ground 10 receive the seed as  much as Uiey do upon the nature of  tho soil. Soils that .are naturally  poor frequently yield larger crops  liian superior soils it' they are given  '��������� wetter, tillage. All soils may he  greatly improved by tillage. It is  claimed by many agricultural leaders  that the annual yield of farm products in this country could- be more  than doubled in ten years by a more  intensive system of culture.  Plowing is the foundation of tillage.  As a-rule,, we are plowing too shallow  to obtain the best results, but the  deepening of the soil should be gradual, for turning up too large quantities of sub-soil and turning the org-'  anic matter under^so deep that the  air, heat and water cannot' act fav-  orablyupon it has ruined: many soils  for years to come.  Farm, crops  as  a rule are greatly  benefited by deep seed beds.    At no  Lime should .hard  pan  be  allowed  to  form at plow depth.    Where shallow  ploughing is  desired  a sub-soil plow  can sometimes be used to advantage  but its use requires the^exercise'   of  judgment' as. the  process  may prove  very injurious if done out of season.  As  a general  rule it is  best to use  he subsoil plow in the fall, when the  subsoil  is  fairly dry  and  may  in  a  measure be recompacled, by the winter, rain.      Spring subsoiling is seldom  advisable in humid regions, owing to  the danger of puddling the subsoil or  lo the possibility of its remaining too  loose for best root development if the  work is done when the subsoil is dry  enough not   to    puddle.      On a well  drained field deep plowing is beneficial during both wet and dry seasons-  On wet soils shallow plowing is preferable.     A feep soil has greater crop  producing capacity than a shallow one  i-nnce it furnishes ideal conditions for  plant rqots-to go down after food and  moisture.  In selecting plows, harrows and cultivators we should study their construction. -. In the: process of tillage  or manipulation of the soil.it is available plant food that we are after. We  want implements that in every process of tillage will get at .the plant  vood that is still in the soil and make  ,t, available for the growing crops.  There is no reasonable excuse for a  man to spend money for commercial  Dlant food until he has provided means  .iy which the food, already in rhe soil  :an become available.- The chief object of tillage is the further liberation  jf the plant food which still exists  fcry abundantly in our land.  After we have thoroughly manipu-i  laied our soil and put it in the finest  possible condition for the reception of  :he seed and various fertilizing elements the next important object of  :illage is the conservation of soil mois-  :ure- Tillage is one of the most successful means of combating the injurious effects of dry weather and this  point should be emphasized in "particular because it is possible for us  to reduce in most instances from 25  to 5 per cent of the losses which usually come from periods of drouth.  Frequent surface cultivation forms a  dust mulch which prevents the evap^  oration of the moisture which is re-j  quired by the plant. The drier the  season the more frequent should be  the cultivation.  Periscopes Save  Lives in Trenches  Shippers' Association     j Charge of the Highlanders  British Campaign Started to Supply  All Soldiers at the Front  It is a well known fact that periscopes are not only indispensable in  submarine boats, but also on land in  the trenches. Soldiers back from the  front are unanimous in praising these  ���������instruments, which they say have  proved far more important savers of  life than appeared likely when they  were at first introduced.  A campaign is now first conducted  to induce parents, -wives and -friends  of. soldiers at the front to supply  their relatives with one of these instruments which will go far toward  protecting them /against attack.  Among men at the front the opinion  is general that the periscope is of importance not only tor use by the .officers, but also by the new recruits  who are beginning their experiences  on the firing line. These men are always eager to see the enemy and are  inclined to-risk any danger with that  object:; in mind. Hundreds of- lives  have been lost in this manner, whereas had the soldier used a periscope  lie would have obtained a better view  of the enemy's lines while keeping  himself out of reach.  O-.'T-he periscope lias been improved  and simplified to the highest "degree,  and'the instrument which is now  being widely used carries the scope  of the contrivance as far as it'tan be  carried- It is the,invention of a London journalist, and is called the Max;  fieldscope..'; 'It consists roughly of a  telescopic metal tube, made somewhat  on the lines of the leg of a collapsible  camera stand. Closed, the tube measures ten inches in length; fully extended it is thirty inches long. The  tube part of it. which can scarcely  weigh six ounces, can be hung on to  the belt.  ���������  The other,essentials, the glasses,  though they are four inches square,  and thus afford a large field of vision  are no longer than an ordinary business envelope, and thus fit easily into  a jacket pocket. The arrangement by  i which the glasses are attached to the  ' tube is ingenious and invariably successful. The tube being oval the mirrors are sprung on it by clips, which  hold them absolutely rigid. .  ���������"Another vital necessity in a periscope is that the splintering of the  glass should be prevented in case of  a hit by the enemy. This is met by  making the mirrors of the best glass,  "backing"-the' glass with good sound  material and binding the edges round.  Each part is packed in a separate  cover and <- the whole, if enclosed in  one parcel, would weigh well under a  pound. It is a really marvellous example of much in little, and the  whole contrivance, including spare  glasses (which can be got at twenty-  five cents apiece) can be delivered at  the front for less than $5.    ������������������  1,800 Shots a Minute  The latest machine gun adopted by  the war office is known as the Caldwell machine gun, being named after  its inventor, a mechanic of Victoria,  Australia.  It can fire at the rate of 1,000 shots  per minute (it is said the speed has  been increased to ] ,800 .sliols per minute) : has two barrels, which can both  be fired independently of the other;  and is air cooled, which doe* away  with the necessity for carrying water  to cool the barrel while working.  Caldwell sold'the patent rights of  this gun early this year to the war  office for the sum of $::2.*5.000 and $25  royalty on each gun manufactured,  and has been appointed manager of  tho workships wli-^e thoy are turned  out at a salary of $5,000 a year.  Says   Germans   Will . Desert   U.S.  The London tJaily Mail quotes Geo.  von Skal the New York correspondent of the Munich Neueste Nachrieh-  ten, as saying thafthere will be a general exodus of -.German-Americans  from the United States very soon.  "Thousands of German families are  making preparations to. leave," he  said. "No one in Germany can realize  what German-Americans are suffering. They are more and more conscious of their Teutonic descent. Emigrants have often been represented  for alolwing themselves to become  Americanized too quickly,, but today  they are showing' themselves true adherents of the German cause openly  and with little regard to their own  int crests."  Von Skai thinks that America will  be badly hit by the loss of many loyal  Germans.  Co-operative Marketing of Live Stock  in Saskatchewan  Co-operatio.n is slowly but surely  winning a place in Canadian agricultural. The co-operative marketing  of grain and also the joint purchasing  of stock*am', other supplies have been  practised, to some extent, but not until last year was the joint marketing  of stock attempted.  Under this system carloads of stock  from Saskatchewan are -made up,by  the shareholders and forwarded to the  larger market centres where competitive bidding is assured. There the  animals are sold under- the direction  of the associations' manager and the  proceeds from the sale, less the cost  of transportation, the manager's com-  /mission and the other necessary  charges, are distributed to. the' persons supplying the stock. Each  shareholder's stock is branded with  paint, or in some other harmless manner so that: the animals belonging to  each may be sold separately, thereby  insuring to each the exact return from  his stock. The associations are simple  in their working and as the animals,  are not paid : for until the proceeds  are received from the purchaser little  initial capital is required.  The Ha'nley Farmers' Stock shipping Association, of Saskatchewan,  was the first one formed. This association was registered early in. 19.14,  and had an authorized capital of $5po]  but at the close of the year it had a  paid up capital of only $42. Yet the  association: shipped fifteen carloads  of stock during the year, made of 3,-  .162 hogs and 38 cattle.  The hogs sold in Winnipeg at an  average price of 7.24 cents per pound.  Afer deducting the transportation  charges, the manager's commission,  the'selling commission, and other necessary; expenses, and allowing for  shrinkage, the shippers received an  average price of G.33 cents per pound,  home weight. The cattle shipped  were all common in their classes, being bulls, dry cows and stockers. An  average price of 4.40 cents was realized in Winnipeg, which, after deducting shrinkage and expenses, left a  net price of 4.S cents per pound, home  weight, for the drippers. Basing his  calculations on prices paid in the  neighboring towns, the manager estimated that the association;"������������������'dur-ing the  year, saved the farmers of the district  upward of $1,680 on hogs alone.  There are a number of these asso-  ciaions, now in different parts of Saskatchewan, and general satisfaction is  being expressed with the results obtained, so that it is confidently expected that expansion along this line  will be rapid.  Britons  dashing  "A sheet  fellows, and  directions,  through, this  Editor Appointed  A  Out.,  with  when  Rules the Waves  sergeant at Windsor,  Britannia  recruiting  opposite Detroit, was presented  a new problem the other day  a man entered quarters and  tt  til  firms  so on  ed   by  is  not   generally  recently    nearly  royalty  license  more of  equip a  mown that un-  ill the English  hlcli produced armor-plate did  i process invented and patent-  Krupps, of r,'.s.-sc!i,  to  whom  a  oi $2.-10 per ton was paid for  to work it. .Messrs.' Reard-  Ihe Clyde, who can build nnd  modern dreadnought in their  own factories never u.i'.'d this process.  They adhered lo their own methods,  and by costly experimentation evolved-a plate which is superior to the  Km j) p.  signified his desire to join the British  colors under the auspices of the Canadian Dominion. According to his replies to the usual questions, his father was English and his mother Irish.  They had resided in France for a  number of years.    The applicant vas  the ocean, four days out from  on- a ship flying the Spanish  tiie United States-  seant  was   puzzled  born on  France,  flag and bound for  The recriitjng ser.  at first, but being a Scotchman, soon  I recovered his composure and entered  I the name of the volunteer as an Englishman, because of the placo of his  birth, on the ground that Britannia  rules the waves.���������Christian  Monitor.  "Well, Jackson," said a minister,  walking homeward after service with  nn industrious laborer, who was a  constant attendant, "Sunday must be  a blessed day of rest for you, you  work so hard all the week! And you  make good use of the day, for you  are always to be seen at church."  "Aye, sir," replied Jackson, "it is  indeed a blessed day; I works hard  enough all the week, and then I come  to church o' Sunday, and sets me  down and lays my log-j up, and thinks  o' nothing."  W. N. U- 1083  Science  Canada's production of shells has  attracted attention in Japan, where  the steel industries have lately been  engaged in the production of shells  and other munitions for the Russian  army. ' Wi'li a view to studying the  development of tho shell making industry in Canada, Major H. Kenedo,  director of the arms factory of the  Imperial Tokio Military Arsenal at  Atsuta, Japan, is in Canada and called on the members of the ;:hell committee. Me was introduced to Chairman-General Bertram by the Japanese consul-general, >Jr. Yada. The  necessary* facilfties' are'being extended to him for the inspection of Canadian shell making processes.  George Batho to Run Agricultural  Publications for Manitoba  The appointment of George Batho  as editor of agricultural publications  for the Manitoba department of agriculture, was announced recently.  His duties will be to furnish'farmers of the province with all the practical information which the department of agriculture and the agricultural college can supply. This form  of assistance will be greatly extended  in future.  It has been recognized that-in the  matter of publicity the Manitoba department of agriculture has fallen behind all other provinces in - Canada-  The minister of agriculture believes  that the large staff of professors and  instructors at the agricultural college,  the extension service section, the demonstration farms system, the -weed  branch an other departments must necessarily become the source of more  information of a practical nature.for  the' farmers of Manitoba, than they  have been in the past. So insignificant has been this work in the past  that the Dominion authorities urged  upon the minister of agriculture the  appointment of an agricultural editor  under the special federal grant to the  province for agricultural instruction.  Under this grant the new appointment  is made. Mr...Paho's marked ability  as a journalist, his "sound judgment,  and his intimate knowledge, not-only  of agricultural condition's but also-of  public questions in Manitoba, were  considered as making him admirably  fitted to build up a" important branch  in the provincial department of agriculture.  The weed question is one of which  the farmers need much instruction.  Mr. Batho will give the farmers the  cream of Prof. Bed fords ideas on weed  eradication. Prof. Bedford is now in  complete charge of the weed problem,  R. G. O'Malley, chief weed inspector,  having resigned, as announced in the  Free Press several days ago.  For the, last twelve years Mr. Batho  has been editor in chief of the Nor'-  West Farmer. His early years were  spent on a farm in AVeliinglon county,  Ontario. Ho later learned the printing trade as a supplemental to his intention to enter the field of agricultural journalism.���������Free Press.  Germans     Offered     Charging  Money and Watches  A thrilling description of a  charge  of a  Highland  regiment near  Loos is given  in  the following .letter  from a Scottish member of the Royal  'Army, Medical Corps.  "Our division," the letter says, "after .'a week of furious bombardment  of the German trenches the like of  which the world has never heard before, and which sounded, especially  on Friday, September 21, like several  thunderstorms rolled into one, were  ordered to take Loos.  "A battalion of our local regiment  was chosen to lead the attack. Up  over the top ot the parapets ot the  trenches they got at 6 a.m. on the  eventful Sunday morning for the famous charge. Everything was still,  and the 'Jocks' didn't run, neither did  they shout, but in silence, with a slow  walk, and with deadly determination  written' on every face to get at close  grips with their diabolical enemy, the  line went, along in silence till suddenly the deadly German'machine  guns spoke.  of' lead met our brave  they toppled over in all  Those not hit, went  sheet (it never yet. rained so hard), through the second line,  and into the third line, where 'Alle-  gamne' had his machine guns. Our  lad's were now upon them, ferocious  as lijns who had tasted blood and  driven absolutely mad in the hellish  carnage.  "They were upon them with the  dreaded bayonet. Terrified yells of  'Mercy, kamerad,' were heard in all  directions.  "Devils who a moment before had  been pumping lead by' tiring machine  guns now held up watches, purses,-  etc.", for our men to spare their lives.,  "But these grand Scottish lads of  our famous regiment wore not to be  stopped that day. Leaping right over  the tops of the various lines of the  German trenches, bare knees . showing, kilts swishin,- performing the  so-called impossible task of piercing  the German lines, they did nor. slop  even then, for the Germans were out  of their trenches and over the crest  of the hills, great, big, fat, hulking,  blue-clothed cowards, fleeing for  their lives, with the Scotties after  them at full tilt.  "Every house in the village had its  machine guns, which wrought' havoc,  but that didn't stop our fellows. Into  the houses they went, and soon the  dead Germans were shovelled with  the bayonets out through the windows into the street. After clearing  the village they set off after them  again over the open country to Hill  70.. clearing the ground of the encum-  berers as they went. "Twas a famous victory.' But, oh, looking back, it  was a sight to make angels weep���������  the fruits of scientific murder (it is  not war), and that on a tremendous  scale!"  18  ���������all   the  Dry  the  ab-  the  Do-  Cost Of Living  Average Increase in England is About  Forty Per Cent.  According to a report to the trade  and commerce department from Canadian Trade Comimssioner Bicker-  dike, of Manchester, the average increase in the retail prices of food  affecting the average working class  household in England is about 40 per  cent,   since the beginning of the war.  Compared with July, 1914, British  meat has increased about forty per  cent, in the whole, and imported meat  only a little over five per cent. Flour  and bread have advanced about forty  per cent. each. Since the beginning  of 1915, when the movement to increase wages began, in comparison  with the increased cost of living,  about four and a. half million people,  according to the board of trade estimates, have had their wages.increased  by over $3,750,000 per week. These  figures relate only to organized labor.  In other industries where individual  employers have granted advances, it  is estimated that three .million workers have received increases amounting to $2,500,000-per week.  Homestead Entries  Show a Decrease  have  use of  Washington   (D.C)     women  taken to carrying,canes.  Scotland  is  taking  to    the  mechanical potato planters.  During the 10-year period ended in  ,190? on a.U th.c railroads of Great  Britain and Ireland only one passenger was killed for every 72,000,000 carried  Six      Thousand       Less     Homesteads  Taken  Out This Year as Com-   /'  pared   With   Last  For the first nine months in the  present calendar year there was a  net decrease of 0,741 in the total number of homestead entries taken out in  Western Canada. The province of  Manitoba alone shows an increase in  homesteads, the total number for the  nine months of this year being 3,030  as compared with 2,776 for the corresponding period of last year. In Saskatchewan, entries this year total 4,-  G05, as compared with 7,0.72 last year.  In Alberta this year's entries  5,090, compared with 7,812 last  and  in  British  Columbia  there  382 entries this    year compared  094 last year.  -In    the statement showing, the nationalities   of   the   homesteaders   for  the month of September it is interesting to note  that there were  12  Germans and 113 Austro-Hungarians  'made homestead entries-  were  year,  were  with  who  Manitoba   Heavy   Loser   and  Provinces  Suffer Through  Periods  Canada  during  JOjo   lost. over - teu  million   dollars*     uoit.i     of    lorescs  through unnecessary ares. In face of  Hie fact that the forest resources of  the' country   are   witniii   measurable  iiistance of depletion through the enormous annual waste, the 10.15 depredations are surficient to cause grace concern. .  'Information compiled by the Canadian Forestry Association, with the  assistance or the Dominion forestry  branch and provincial departments,  prove that more than twelve'thousand  forest fires, large- and small, occurred  in Canada during the past spring,  summer and fall, or an average of  1,400 a month between snow aa<t  snow.  in Ontario, Quebec and :\ew Brunswick and British Columbia about-  eighty-five per cent, of the losses  were clue to settlers' fires. Quebec and  British. Columbia have secured splendid results from their ������������������permit" laws,  by which all settlers are obliged to  obtain the supervision of a forest  ranger before setting out their clearing fires. Ontario has no such law  and lias suffered-serious consequences  but it is recognized that the minister  of lands, forests and mines'has the  problem uiffler consideration and may-  evolve an adequate remedy in the.  near future.- New Brunswick has already -made a good start in the regulation of settlers' fires, and will probably spread the plan across the en-  'tire province.  Perhaps the outstanding fact of  season's forest destruction is the  senco of any serious loss alone  lines of railways governed by- the  minion board cf railway commissioners and their forest protection regulations.. Bel'ore tho imposition of these  laws the Canadian railways were  pointed out as the chief offenders in  burning of forests. Now, however,  tha non-government lines under the  board's control are annually presenting a record-of lire immunity which  plivces them permanently among (he  minor-causes of damage" to the "country's timber. As a matter of fact,  only two or three fires of over ten  acres-in extent were attributable thfs  year'to those lines where the system  of the railway commission has' been  put completely into effect. On .two  railways of relatively small mileage,  lo which the board's regulations do  not apply, no less than 200 fires were  reported*. Many of them were serious  in extent and at least 600,000 acres  were burned over by fires, due either  to locomotives or men travelling along  the right-of-way of these two roads.  Manitoba lost more than $1,-000,000  in ("image to mature timber and  young growth in 1915. The total area  burned over was 800,000 acres, according to official reports thus far  received. Final reports will probably  show an increased loss. The fires  in Manitoba took place mainly in  the latter part of May and the early  part of June and were particularly  destructive in the vicinity of the Hudson Bay Railway.  ���������-���������la the province of Saskatchewan  the most destructive fires took place  during the. same period as in Manitoba, but the fires were confined more  to the areas under effective patrolanc!  the total destruction is not so great.  Th? present figures indicate a total  b irued area of about 100,000 acres  and  a   total  damage  of $170,000-  In tho southern portion of Alberta  there has been aji exceptional amount  of rain throughout the season so that  the fires reported from the'region  south of the Peace River country and  Athabaska Landing are comparatively  small in number and covered only  about 25,000 acres, on which the damage is estimated..ro-iJe"about $1 "  acre. -. # ._���������--    ".  In tiie valleys of the Peace River,  the Lower Athaba'ika river, and the  Mackenzie ricer conditions .'have, on  the othei; hand, been phenomenally  dry, resulting in fires that have been  more destructive than in many years  previous. Probably not less than bait  a million acres were burned over. As  a good deal of the country burned  over is probably incapable of producing merchantable timber, the loss  would   not   be   over   $200,000.  In British Columbia the area pat-  rolfqd by the Dominion rangers is  confined to the railway belt. In the  eastern portion of tho bell rains occurred at fairly regular intervals, and,  while there was at several times considerable danger from fire, the ranger  staff was able to cope with the situation effectively, with the exception  of the month of August, in the Lower  Fraser valley, where several fires got  beyond control. While 10,000 acres of  logged-over land Avere burned, the  fires were kept out of the merchantable timber, only 1,000 acres of which,  were burned.  A man entered the shop of a Jewish  haberdasher, and. going up to the  counter, asked: "Say, mister, have  you got shirts?"  "Yes, sir," replied the old Hebrew,  hoping for a customer.  "Clean ones?" asked the man.  "Yes   sir;  very clean."  "Then," cried the man, "for hear-  en's sake, put one on."  per  r*  Ato,fci4ffllWWhii*-*<*fi^^ THE    SUN,    GEAND   PORKS,   B. G  because  tke entire system  becomes permeated with  injurious acids.  To relieve rheumatism Scott's  Emulsion is a double help; it is  rich in blood-food; it imparts  strength to the functions and supplies the very oil-food that rheumatic conditions always need. "  Scott's Emulsion has ^  helped countless thousands  when other remedies failed.  Rcfuic Inferior Substitutes.  Germany's Crops  Have Failed  Editor of Wall Street Journal Gives  Some War Impressions  "Gearmany's crops have failed. Only  two-thirds of a crop has been.harvested this year in that country, and Ihere  is where lie pinch comes.. Ordinarily, Germany requires three hundred  thousand Poles every season to assist  in its harvest. The failure this year  has been due to the shortage of labor  and to the unfavorable weather conditions. This has struck at the very  basis of Germany's financial strength.  She is now forced to pay cash for food  1 in such neighboring countries as  Switzerland' and Denmark, and gradually her gold supply is being drained,  leaving a smaller reserve on . the  strength of which paper currency may  be issued. As a result, Germany's  food supply has been cut in two. Her  soldiers must be fed and the people  behind the trenches are forced to do  without regular rations. Accordingly  we are hearing of the bread riots in  Berlin and the offers of peace which  Germany inspires with such magnanimity."  This constitutes the most startling  of a series of startling and informative statements pertaining to the war  recently made by Mr. Clarence W-  Barron, editor-of the Wall Street Journal. He visited Europe in November  of last year for the express purpose  of acquainting himself with the underlying principles of the great world  struggle and the articles which came  from his pen following that trip have  been embodied in the well known book  "TJtie Audacious War."  It is Mr. Barron's opinion that Germany and Austria have reached the  maximum in the strength of their  forces in the trenches and in the utilization of their national resources.  "They are at the point now," he  said, "where they have no reserves."  On the other hand, the allies were  vist beginning to approach their maximum strength.  Referring to the recent Anglo-French  loan, Mr Barron said that tho bonds  of the allied nations were being widely sold throughout the United States.  This was due largely to the sympathy  of the majority of the people across  the line with the allies.  "The ally of the allies is the federal  reserve act, combined with our workshops and steel plants." declared Mr.  Barron. "Germany realizes that the  base and the backbone of this war is  on the North American continent."  America's Debt to England  Commerce of Neutrals Rests on the  Protection of the British Navy  Our government, for certain reasons wnich ought to be apparent to  all, cannot, and certainly should not  adopt an attitude on this subject  which is a shade more threatening  than the one it has taken, says the  Boston Transcript, ��������� expressing a  sane American view of the note to  Britain. No doubt it must define  and confidentially assert the rights  of neutral nations at sea in time of  war.- But the big central fact remains that the commerce of all  neutral nations at sea, including our  own, rests for its very existence on  the protection of the navy of Great  Britain. But for that protection our  ships would today be huddling in  our harbors, our. goods would be,  piled up on our wharves, and our  factories', save for what they might  make for-home -consumption, would  be idle. - The seas would be the  prey of fighting squadrons and  ravaging cruisers. Outrages of the  William P. Frye type would never  have ceased;  This is true, and it is also true  that the allied powers have the  sympathy of the world in the use  so far as that use is legitimate, of  the one effective weapon that they  possess against German,militarism���������-  the control of the seas. Against the  terrible stress of German land preparation their means of resistance for a  time" fell short, and even now the.y  availno further than to keep the enemy at bay. To withhold supplies from  the German nation is the allies' one  great nope of winning the war and of  defending free institutions the world  over against the mailed fist of Prussian absolution. We say that this, being so terribly true, amply warrants  the; ���������United States government in refraining from any menacing tone in  asserting its rights as a neutral to  trade, ad libitum;: with' any other  neutral. Our government does well  lo abstain from threat, and to say  instead: "Relying upon the regard  of the British government for the  principles of justice so frequently  and uniformly manifested prior to  the present war, this government  anticipates that the British government will, instruct their'officers to  refrain from these vexatious and  illegal  practices."-  If the American people believed  that President Wilson had any intention to stab the allies in the back, at  the time of their most crucial heed'of  all their resources, they would not  approve the stand ho has now taken.  Magic "Nerviline"  Ends Sti(f Keck, Lumbago  History of Canadian  Any Curable  Muscular   or  Joint Pain is Instantly  Relieved by Nerviline  Ti  ���������Tis a Marvellous Thing.���������When the  cures effectedvby Dr. Thomas' Eclec-  tric Oil are considered, the speedy and  permanent relief it has brought to the  suffering wherever it lias been used,  It must be regarded as a marvellous  thing that so potent a medicine should  result from. the. six ingredients which  enter into its composition. A trial will  convince the most skeptical of its  healing virtues-  Game Raising Farm  From the first game farm in Minnesota tables of epicures will be supplied with pheasants and mallard  ducks within two years and possibly  within one year, if present hopes are  realized.  "We will raise ruffed grouse, prairie  chickens, pheasants and ducks on tho  farm," said the superintendent of the  'Game Protective League. "This is  only a- starter on the 'more game  movement.' More than a hundred  citizens, most of them farmers, will  begin game breeding next spring both  for sporting purposes and for the  market.  "Every game bird raised and sold  In captivity helps to protect the  State's supply of wild game, and if  my plans work out Minnesota will  within a few years bo the greatest  game producing state in the Union.  Her Many Duties Affect Her  Health   and   Often   She  BreaksDown Completely  It is little wonder that there, are  many times in a woman's life when  she feels in despair. There is no  nine hour day for the busy housewife.  There are a hundred things about the  home to keep her busy from the time  she arises until it is again bed time-  .What is the result? Often her nerves  give way, her good looks suffer, her  Dlood becomes thin, her indigestion is  disturbed and her system threatened  with a complete breakdown. Every  woman should do all possible to protect her health and good looks, and  there is one way in which she can do  this, and that is by taking Dr. Williams' Pink Pills. These actually  make new, rich blood, strengthen  every nerve and every organ, bring  the glow of health to the cneeks and  brightness to the eye. , These pills  have done more to make the lives of  thousands of women sunshiny than  anything else in the world. Mrs. Daniel Theal, Waterloo, Ont., says: r'.I  was very much run down, my blood  was thin and watery and I would faint  at the least excitement. I suffered  from headaches and dizziness and often it seemed as though there were  clouds before my eyes. Finally I was  forced to go to bed with weakness.  I doctored for six weeks while in bed  without receiving any benefit. Finally  I was induced to take Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills, and when I had taken ten  boxes I was completely cured, and  never felt better in my life. T am convinced that what Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills did for me they will do for others  and I warmly recommend them to all  weak women."  You can gel these Pills from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine. Co., Brock-  villfi.  Ont. '.      ���������  Get Trial Bottle To-Day  You dont have to wait all day to  get the kink out of a stilt* neck if you  rub on Nerviline. And you don't need  to go around complaining about lumbago any more. You can rub such  things away very quickly with Nerviline. It's the grandest liniment; the  quickest to penetrate, the speediest to  ease muscular pain of any kind.  One t" enty-five cent trial bottle of,  Nervili. ;;/il retire any attack of lumbago oi fame back. This has been  proved a thousand times, just as it  was in the case of Mrs. E. J. Gra'yden,  of Caledonia, who writes:, "I  wouldn't'think of going,to bed without knowing we had Nerviline in the  house. I have used it for twenty, odd  years and appreciate its value as a  family remedy more and more every,  day. If any of the children gets a  stiff neck, Nerviline;cures quickly. If  it is earache, toothache, cold on the  chest, sore throat, Nerviline is always  my standby. My husband once cured  himself of a frightful attack of lumbago by. Nerviline, and for a'hundred  ailments that turn up in a large family Nerviline is by far the best thing  to have.about you."    .'������������������ , ;.  More Respect for Allies  Germans See They Are Not the Whole  . .'��������� 'Thing' '���������'���������";���������'���������-'  Very significant at this time is the  publication in the leading Roman  Catholic organ, the Kolnische Volks-  zeiung, of a rebuke addressed by one  of the army chaplains to the arm chair  fire-eaters at home. He declares  that many of the-letters written from  the homes of Germany to the husbands  and sons in the field disgust and dishearten the soldiers at the- front, the  best of whom are tired of the bitter  losses and terrible sufferings caused  by the war. He denounces the habit  of classing Germans as supermen, and  says that the German troops at the  front, have learned to respect their  foes so that they do not echo many  of the sentiments- expressed by their  ultra-patriotic friends and relatives at  home. Tho whole letter is really an  appeal for less war enthusiasm and  more reasonable appreciation of the  point of view of Germany's foes- This,  too, would have been impossibe six  months a'go.  It is the rise in the cost of living,  and especially in the price of food,  that increases more than anything  else the growth of war weariness.-���������A  remarkably outspoken comment on  the food question which appeared in  the Socialist Vorwarts was as follows :  "One of the most dangerous deceptions perpetrated during th������ , war is  the pretence that Germany, although  cut off from all her oversea supplies,  can feed her. own population. The  fact is that the population of Germany cannot be properly fed by products of our own country. The war  has proved beyond all doubt that it is  impossible to produce enough articles  of nourishment or to raise a sufficient  number of cattle to feed the German  people without foreign assistance. It  is true that we shall be able to hold  out for some limited time, but only at  the cost of the health and strength of  the nation, now being nndermined by  systematic deprivation and underfeeding."  Now  Herd of Buffalo j Jfae Army.of  Constipation  Is Growing Smaller Every. Day.  CARTER'S LITTLE  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, &c.  "Isn't that a Bourguereau?" asked  Mrs. Oldcaslle as they stopped for a  moment to look at the new pictures.  "Oh, my, no," replied her hostess,  Mrs. Nurich; "it's a lion. But I told  Josiah when he brought it home that  it looked a good deal more like one of  them things you mention."  WATERPROOF COLLARS  AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and biff  laundry blll������ Wash It with soap und  wster. All stores or direct. State styl������  tnd me. fer 20c we will mail you  THE ARLINaTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  Limited  S3 frMtf Avanu*, Toronto, Ontwl*  Friendly to'The French  The Athens Messager is quoted in a  Havas despatch from the Greek capital as saying that there is plausibility  in the report that Djeinal Pasha, Turkish minister of marine, will co-operate with tho entente allies in the rebellion which, according to Constantinople advices, he had organized  against the Turkish government in  Syria and Palestine.  Djemal Pasha has always been  friendly to the French, the newspaper  states.  Sleeplessness.���������Sleep is the great  restorer and to be. deprived of it is  vital loss. Whatever may be the  cause of it, indigestion, nervous derangement or mental worry, try a  course of Parmelee's Vegetable Pills.  By regulating the action of the stomach, where the trouble lies, they will  restore normal conditions, and healthful sleep will follow. They exert a  sedative force upon the nerves and  where there is unrest they bring rest.  "The other day two parties of  wounded soldiers, from different hospitals, were taken to a place in Surrey in England. "At tea-time they  mingled, and a wounded Colonial,  catching sight of another son of [he  Dominions, became strangely excited  and made his way to the other man's  side.     Ho had recognized his rescuer.  "They went to the Dardanelles as  strangers, but during a terrible fight  the first was badly wounded and was  carried, from the field cf death by a  stranger. Now rescuer and rescued,  both wounded, had met for the first  time since that day. The rescued  soldier was in tears as he poured out  his. thanks to the man 10 whom he  owed his life."  Totals Over Two Thousand '  Pure Bred Bison  The Canadian government buffalo i  herd was started in J897 by the gift  of three Texas buffalo presented by  Mr. T. G.Blackstock, - cf Toronto, to  Rock Mountain Park. These animals  were placed on exhibition in the paddock at Banff, and the following year  their number was increased by a similar gift from Lord Strathcona, who  presented tho government with thirteen head from his Silver Heights  herd at Winnipeg. This herd gradual- \  ly increased until by 1009 if totalled j  nearly 100 head. j  In 1906 the government entered into negotiations with Michael Pablo, of  Montana, for his herd of pure blood  bison on the Flathead Indian reserve.  This, herd was known to be the largest herd of pure blood bison then in  existence ���������". but was not believed to  number- more than about 300 head.  Pablo had for years tried to.get the  American government to give him  enough land on which tokeep.the herd  and at last they announced^that the  Flathead reserve was to be thrown  open, which meant that Pablo would  be forced out and compelled either to  find a new range or a purchaser for  the herd.  ��������� Howard Eaton, the well known  guide and friend of Theo. Roosevelt,  heard of the matter, and secured an  option from.Pablo for $300 per head.  He then went lo Washington and  tried to get the U.S.;government to  buy the herd. Roosevelt and/the Bison  Society urged the purchase but congress refused to pass an appropriation  and Pablo had to look somewhere,  else. Through Alex Ayotte, immigration agent at Missoula, the matter  was brought to the attention of the  Canadian government which realized  the opportunity offered.- Before the  United States authorities realized  what was happening the bargain was  completed. It was supposed that  there would bs about 300 buffalo, but  the total finally captured amounted  to 70S. The price paid was $250 per  head, f.o-D., at Edmonton.  The task of rounding them up proved much more difficult than was anticipated. It called for perserverance,  endurance and horsemanship of the  highest order. The buffalo were extremely wild and swift of foot and  could outrun the fastest horses.  The first year. : 1907, 400 buffalo  were secured���������200 males were shipped in the spring and 2.11 cows and  calves followed in the autumn. As it  had not been possible to get Buffalo  Park fenced and ready in time for  these arrivals, they were placed in  Elk island Park���������-a fenced enclosure,.  1G square miles in area, established  several years before for the protection  of elk; and moose.         .^  There are still know nto be a large  number of buffalo left on the range  and although Pablo' now had many  other offers'.he agreed to let the Canadian government have the remainder  at the same price. In the autumn of  190S, therefore, another round-up was  made, and eight miles of wing fence  and a large corral were built- After  six weeks hard riding the animals  were all rounded up and the tired  cowboys went home to sleep. That  night, led by an old clever bull, the  entire herd escaped by climbing an  almost perpendicular cliff and broke  away to the mountains.  The next year Pablo decided to put  them in huge wooden cages out in the  range and to haul these cages the  thirty miles to the station. There they  were' unloaded into a small corral to  await shipment. The last and final  struggle then occurred���������that of getting them on board the train. The  great brutes resisted to the last. It  took nine days to load 200, and eight  of them killed themselves in their  struggles. The majority had to bs  drawn on the cars by means of a  block and tackle-  During 1909 the buffalo from Elk  Island Park were also transferred to  Buffalo Park at Wainwright, with the  exceplion of about GO which were left  at Lamont for exhibition purposes.  Last year the buffalo at Banff, with  the exception of 17 males, were also  transferred. There are now 13 at  Banff. 10S at Elk Island, and approximated 2,000 at Buffalo Park.  LIVER PILLS are  responsible���������they nol  only give relief���������  they permanently  cure Constipation.    Mil  lions use  them (or  BMoas*  ness, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skin,  Small Pill, Small  Dote, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  SPECIALTIES  We have been making matches  (or 64 years now���������Domestic  and every other kind.  Some of our specialties are  "THE GASLIGHTER" with  a 4iinch stick--"THE EDDY-  STONE TORCH:' for out-  door -use���������."WAX VESTAS"  for' the smoker, and other  varieties.  For home use the most  popular match is the "SILENT  5," but for every use  BUY     .  THB NEW FRENCH'REMZDY.  Us:d in French  Hospitals with  rtezt success, cures chronic weakness, lost vigo������  ft1 VIM KIDMEY. BLADOBK. DISEASES. BLOOD POISOW.  MLES. EITHER Vo. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CT������  FOUGERA Co. 90. BEEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO.    WRITE FOP. FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLERO  Med.Co.HaverstockUd.hampstead. London, una.  TRYHEWDRA(JEE(TASTELESS)FOHMOF   EASY TO TASB  THE RAP! ������P<I ee.ssdc������.  BBS THAT TRADE MARKED WORD ' TIIEEAPION- IS 0������  DUX. GOVT.STAUP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACUTO.  DIAMOND DUST RAZOR SHARPENER  Will Sliiupcu your Razor better and Quicker  tlian c:m be clone in any other way. Lasts a  Life-time. Satisfaction eiiiinmteeU or money  refunded post free 25 cents I'ony Razor  Strops 75 cents, O. K. Strops $1.50���������Best  Made.���������Canada None Co., Wawanesn. Manitoba. Canada.    /  Cook's Cote Root Compound.  A safe, reliable renvlatinff  medicine.   Sold in {tree de-  frrees of strength. No. 1,  ?1; Xo. 2, $3; No. 3, $5  per box. Sold by all  drusYTists, or sent prepaid in plain package oa  receipt of price. Fres  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK MEDICINE CO j  I080HT0. ONT.  (Fowl* WlidwJ  Stories of Disorder  In India Unfounded  W. N. U. 1083  "There's a church near," said the  country farmer to his paying guest;  "not that l over puts my nose in it."  "Anything; tiie matter with the  vicar?"  "Well, it's this way. I sold the old  vicar milk and eggs and butter and  cheese, and, seeing as he patronize'd  me, I patronized 'ini. But this new  vicar keeps 'is own cow and 'ens. 'If  that's your game,'I ithought, 'we'l,*'  'ave 'ome grown religion, too,' "���������Tit-  Bits.  General Shermaa once stopped at a  country home where a tin basin and  roller towel sufficed for tho family's  ablutions. For two mornings the  small boy of the household watched  in silence the visitor's toilet. When  on the third day the toothbrush, nail  file, whisk broom, etc., had been daily  used, he asked: "Say, mister, air you  always that much trouble to you'-  se'i".'"  Furs Have Advanced  Ship toIJoeero.  WosivelibcralKraden.  f ull value in caah and quick re turns, W������  I was cured of terrible lumbago by  Ml.VARD'S LIXIMENT.  REV- WM. BROYVX.  T  was cured of a bad case of. ear-  ao-he  bv MINARD'S  LINIMEXT.  "MRS. S. KAULBACK.  I  was  cured   of sensitive   lungs  by  Ml .WARD'S LIXIMI'.XT.  MRS. S.  MASTKRS.  Canada's Exportable Wheat Surplus  According to on official estimate of  tho wheat vield in Canada this year,  out of a total yield of 337,2:38,000 Ini.,  there will bo an exportable surplus of  228,l.'!2,000 bushels. The average loss  in cleaning, and allowance of 10 per  cent, for grain not of merchantable  quality, is estimated at 3:i,625,000 bu.  The total amount retained for seeding next year's crop, say 1-1,000,000  acres at 1.75 bu. per acre, is placed at  24,500,000 bushels.  To Make Bomb's For Britain  Bombs have been added to the munitions products which Canada is now  producing  for the  British  war office-  An  order  for 50,000 of these projec-  Most   Comprehensive   Official    Denial  of  Reports   From the  Germans  The India Office has made formal  announcement that German press  statements circulated in foreign coun-  tires regarding disorders in India are  absolutely unfounded. The announcement specifically denies the report  that a revolt has broken out anywhere  in India, or that Branmins. Buddhists  and Mohammedans have united to  make difficulties for the "detested  British," as stated from German  sources.  > Denial likewise is given to the assertion that the Rajah of Bhagalpur  has headed any uprising, or that  grave disorders already have occurred in Bombay, Madras, Nagpur, Ala-  habad and Maspur, or that rebels  have interfered with the departure of  native troops, causing the British  troops to retire and "subsequently occupying  their  barracks and arsenals.  "There is not a word of truth iu  these statements from beginning io  end." the secretary of state for India  announces. "There is no such person  as the Rajah of Bhagaluur- If tins  X'awab of Bahawalpur is referred to.  he  is a minor,  eleven years of age."  A pleasant, medicine for children is  Mother Graves' Worm Kxterminator,  and there is nothing belter for driving  worms from the system.  "Ves, sir." said the tins! magnate,  proudly, "I am the architect of my  own fortune."  "Well," rejoined the friendly critic,  "all I've got to say is that it's a lucky  thing for you there were no building  inspectors  constructin  around  ; it."  when    you  v.er-j  havo best market in America for Fum. Hidea. etc. ������������������dies  has   been   received   by   the com  Koi=ommi8S.lon.��������� Write today_for.free^ricejat. j misslon !1I1(J U being placed for speedy  Trappors' Hupplloe at Factory  noaerts FUR COMPANY, D.pt,T      St.  rlcoa  Uou\*, Me.  delivery.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dust and Wind  quickly relieved by Murloa  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Marine Eya  SalvcinTube5 25c. ForBookoftbeEyeFreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Remedy Cg., Chicago THE   SUN,-    JRAND   FOKKS,   B.C.  FINE   JEWELLERY  Let us help you pick that Present you are*a������  going to give. Wejhavea beautiful line of  Cut Glass,SiIverware,Mantle Clocks  At prices that have  not  been advanced  since the war.  A. D. MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS. B.C.  RLIAMENT  Wss ($mnh $atks Bun  G. A.  EVANS, EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) SI 00  One Year (in the United States)     1.50  Address all communication* to  Tiik Grand Forks Sun,  Piionk 117-1 Grand Forks, B.' C.  FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 4, 1916  Dispatches from the coast indicate that the  bye-eloctions will be held this month, but no  official announcement has yet been made by  the government. It is quite plain that Pre-  rnier Bowsor does not want to give the people  too long a period in which to worry over the  affairs of the country.  Hon. Martin Burrell, member for Yale-  Cariboo and minister of agriculture, has written a very pleasant letter to the local board of  trade, but that is as far as it goes. It does not  give the board much encouragement that the  legislation asked for will be forthcoming in  the near future.  Owing to the heavy drain upon   th^   live  stock   of   the  various   warring   countries  of   Europe,    thev   have   been  forced to ������o abroad for supplies     The longer thp w.-ir lasts  the greater will ho this demand     Moreover,  worm peace  restored, these countries will require large numbers .if the  various classes of animals to  replenish   their   studs, herds  and flocks   It should he borne   in   mind:   however,    that  the buvers, who come to this    country after the   war, will  require better animals than have been bought during   war  time, as they will be   used   largely   for breed-ny puivosis  With this end in view, the best of the fema'es. and |������u tic  ulnrlv the young stock, should he. kept for   br^ding   pur  poses.    Breeders should not.fail to raise a'l the   live stocl.-  possible at this time, in order   that   the   county   may   be  ab'e to supply a large number of the animals that are cer  tain fo be needed by th<������ warring countries      At.   present.  however, there is an unequal distribution of live   stock in  thfi country.     Tn certain sections there is a heavy surplu-.  with a corresponding scarcity in other parts.    During   the  past year hundreds of young cattle from our   prairie.provinces have gone to  the United States as .stockers and feed  ers.    These  should   have   ben kept at home, particularly  the females     Sections of the  west  are   reported as bein������  in need of good   draft horsus,   particularly   draft    mares:  while, in  sections   of  Ontario, there is an over supply of  this particular class.   In order to remedy these conditions.'  the minister of agriculture, through the live stock  branch,  has decided to grant liberal aid to breeders   who   wish   to  seiure gno'.l-breeding stock.    The   conditions under which  aid will be given are'is follows:  In the event of a number  of fa'-rners in any district of Canada wishing to co operate  for the purchase of breeding stock   in   carload   lots   from  some distant section of the country,  the  department will  pav the t cm veiling expenses of the'r duly   appointed repre  sentative during the Ihe time required to  effect  the   purchase   and   transport   the   shipment   to   its destination.  Should ir he des'red,the live stock commissioner will nominate a suitable person who will be directed to accompany this  representative and assist him as far as possibue in   buying  and shipping the animals     Persons wishing to take advantage of this offer should make full arrangements with   the  Live   Stock   Commissioner, Ottawa, as   to   the place and  time of purchase before sending out   their   representative.  Ottawa, Feb. 4.���������The Canadian parliament  buildings are in ruins. Fire which broke out  at I) o'clock last night in the commons reading  room, swept with tremendous fury down the  corridors and leaped into the galleries and in  the space of three minutes had filled the  whole wing with an impenetrable volume of  smoke.    It was followed quickly by flames.  Two people are known, to be dead. They  are Mme. Bray, wife of Dr. Bray of. Quebec,  and Mme. Morin, wife of Dr. Louis Morin,  Quebec. They were guests of Mine. Sevigny,  wife of the speaker of the house, and were cut  off in their apartments. Four men are reported to be buried in the ruins,but the fierceness of the fire has so far prevented search for  the bodies. They were buried by a falling  wall.  Mine. Sevigny escaped by leaping into a fire  net, while Hon. Martin Burrell, minister of  agriculture, was severely burned about the  face and hands while escaping from, his office,  adjoining the commons roading room.  The origin of the fire is a mystery. It may  never be known. There were suspicions last  night of incendiarism, possibly by a German  agent, but as policemen were on guard at both  doors of the room where the fire started and  others in the room itself, it would have been  difficult for any one to have deliberately set  the fire without being detected.  Priceless documents and relics have been  lost by the fire.  Besides being read by all the intelligent peo-  N! pie  of Grand   Forks, The  Sun goes to every  ranch  home in   the  Kettle and North Fork  valleys.    No other  Boundary paper can  give  advertisers this guarantee.  One. wonders why it has never occurred to the suffra  >Mst.s to urge tlmt February *2W bo made a national holiday  ���������Cleveland Plain   Dealer"  AM the large cities report a 1915  marriage   slump, but  1916 will tell a different story,  girls ���������Washington 8tar  Do your popping   early,  Three rules to avoid grip ares-aid to be, "Don't kiss,  don't hug and don't overwork " But, whatever you do,  don't overwork���������Topeka Capital.  A professor of'Welleslev college says that after the war  women will be a drug on the market. However, she forgot to add that many men will acquire the drug habit.���������  Chicago Herald.  "She must be not less than 25 nor more than 35 years  old, not under five feet nor more than'five feet ten inches  tall, "not less than 1 15 nor ovor 200 pounds in weight "  These are not specifications for some one's prospective  bride, but for the ne.w "lady cop" who is to adorn Spokane's official life for the first time in the history of the  public safety department It is said that civil service  commission pondered long and earnestly before anuounc-  ing the forgoing limitations for candidates.  The wur scene in tho near east has shifted from the  Gallipoli pensula to Mesopotamia, and we have temporarily laid Homer aside and taken up the Arabian Nights.  New Books Received  (From The Listening Post, Printed at  the Front   by   the.  Seventh Canadian Infantry Battalion')  We have received the following new war books from the  publishers:  "War is Hell.'' by A. Pal (in training). Gives a vivid  portrayal of the trials and tribulations of the -'Rookies"  in training in Canada. A more heartrending, graphic pen  picture we never read than the chapter on C. B. and  "Cells."     Weekly Wail.  "Forming Fours, While the Empire Totte.is." by the  same author. If there is anything to choose between  qhem.this is even a finer book than "War is Hell." Should  go a long way to prove the extreme folly of procrastination.  The Sunday Scandal.  ���������'Beer as an internal Lubricant," by D. T. The author's initials, which somehow seem strangely familiar,  represent no doubt a well known "litterateur." He is  evidently full of his subject. We can give him no better  praise.    Land and Totter.  "500 Tips for Raw Recruits," by D. Phalter. (Con  taining practical advice from an expert. Centents include  "How and when to get sick," "Maladies to be avoided,"  "Light Duty, how obtained and what to do with it,"  "Teeth and their uses, as a rest cure," etc.otc. No soldier  can afford to be without it )  The Junior League of the Methodist church will meet  on Wednesday afternoon at 3 o'clock in the church.  All mem bees please come.  ;OUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pnpc's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery In five minutes.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin 13 noted for Us  speed In regulating upset stomachs.  It Is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides It  Is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a largo  ffty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it Is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  Ftorsii;"'' disorder. It's the quIcke-rU.  surer- Liid most harmless oi itr.acli  doctor iu tho world.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Glrlsl Try ft! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If you c-firo for heavy hair that glistens v;!th iioauty and in radian^ with  life; has an Incomparable softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, bosides it Immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of Its lustre, Its strength and  Its very life, and If not overcome it  produces a fovcrishneau and itching'of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loose-' -mil die; then tho hair falls out  fa::' .'-.rely get a 25-cont bottle of  K;;- .:;��������� n's Danderine from any drug  store and just try tt.  CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  Cure    Sick    Headache,   Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy  Cathartic.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  ���������tches, how miserable you are from  constipation., indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always got  relief with Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gasos; take the excc-:-:3  from the liver and carry off fcii:i  '���������tlpatcd war.te matter and r>  from the intestines and bowel-;  10-ccut box from your drtiggi.''t  !:e<"n your liv.-r and bowel:-; clean;  stomaci* .������������������v/eot and head clear for  months.     L'iiey work while you aieep.  bib  con-  Some Prices.at EL C. . Henniger Y  . 100 lbs Our Best Flour $3.25   ;.  50 lbs   '--       "       "     1.75  100 lbs. Wheat , "..  ' 1.75  Bring Your Poultry Troubles to Us  Bridge Street Grarid Forks, B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  IT IS EASY TO MAKE PERFECT BREAD  WITH  r  <m  AND  I  P  li  m  SOLD ONLY  GUARANTEED TO BE EQUAL TO THE BEST FLOUR  ON THE MARKET. AND FOR LESS MONEY.  FOR SALE ONLY BY  PPLY CO., LTD.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS  IN  FLOUR, FEED. HAY AND GRAIN  P. O. BOX 610  FIRST STREET  TELEPHONE 95  Agents for the Yale-Princeton Lamp and Nut Goal.  Prices:  Nut,'S6.50; Lump, S7.50 per ton.  Clean-Cut  Argument  a  In your favor is good printing. It starts things; off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  6  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  AUTO LJVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Furniture   Made  to  Order.  Alao Repairing of till Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  r.c. McCutcheon  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Barns, Prop.  lone  68  Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou itry  ajtUAi������j-jiui.i-i....^iu-wJ-jJ..^.i|^..^..i.������. THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  ./������������������������������������  SINGULAR PLURALS  Well begin with a box, and the   plural is boxes,  But the plural of ox should, be .oxen,  not oxes; ���������"   '  Then one fowl  i��������� g00se< bufc  two are  geese,  Yet the plural of moose should  never  .  be meese.  You may find a lone ruouae or a whole  lot of mice,  But theplural 0f house is houses,  not  nice.  Tf the plural 0f man is   always  called  men, ,������������������     ' :t ^.���������'������������������-  Why shouldn^tli7plu;;al^f  pan'  he  called pen?  Ihe   cow   ;,.  kin,..  But l^ -"ow if repeated is never called  ine.  gether.    Yuan. Shi Kai tried to impose  similar  restrictions   upon the  late   Chinese   parliament,   but  the  representatives   would   not   accept  .them, so ha  abolished   the ' institu-  tion  altogether.    This, probably  is  the only so-called autonomous   por-  , tion   of   the   British empire where  I real representative government' does  not exist.���������Victoria Times.  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy.Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  plural   may be cows or  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  And   the  plural of   vow is   vows, not  vi������e.  And if I speak of a footand'you show  me your feet,  And I give you a boot, would   a   pair  be called beet'?  If one  is  a  tooth and the whole set  are twill, i  Why shouldn't  the "plural   of booth  be beeth'? '  If the singular is this and   the   plural  is these,  Should the   plural   of   kiss   be   nicknamed keese1?  Then   one   may  be  that,  and   three  those,  Yet hat in the plural should never be  hose,  And   the   plural   of   rat   is rats, not  rose.  We speak of   a   brother   and   also of  brethren.  But though we say   mother, we never  say inethren.  The   masculine  pronouns  are   li^s, his  and him,  But  imagine  the feminine,   she, shis  and shim.  So the English, I think, you  all   will  agree,  Is the most wonderful   language   you  ever did see.  ���������San Francisco Call.  Some of us want our bread buttered  onxboth aides,    .  A man lacks a sense of humor-when  his humor lacks sense.   ���������  If a man was hurt every time he is  scared he would never live to reach  three score ten.  With the American nations joining  If what you just ate Is souring on  your stomach or lies like' a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas,  and   eructate   sour,   undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness/nausea,  bad'taste  in mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a  large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You.rea'mo in five minutes how needless it,1    ,r) suffer from  !n I'^estion,  c'yspepsi.     ;r.  any   stomac!      isorder.  ff.'a (ho oiiickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls.    It begins   very gently  ./ n  jbi-k; it puns,    it begins   very gentn  in   a peace   pact   the   harriHil   d<>ve  at first, but the pull is steady,    lb in-  ought to be cheated some. C1.eases day by d     anfJ year   by year>  With all the garrets   blown   a-way,   until it exerts an irresistible   power."  how is Europe going to   encourage its  coming crop of ganiuses?  An investigation of the cost, of anything may prove interesting, hut seldom changes the price tag.  "  Never worry about troubles   todav  that you can put   off until   tomorrow.  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to an}7 $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  E.W.Barrett  o4uctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere,   Any    Time.  Stocks a Specialty  GRAND   FORKS,  R.  C.  GOVERNMLNT BY  ORDER-IN-COUNGIL  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  Sir Charles Hibbert.Tupper  ask.'  if the people  of  this   province  an  content to be governed by   order-in  council.    Blei-s the man; that is thi  only kind of government   they hav>  had for years.    The  legislature has-  been nothing but  a  registering ap-  piratus;   the   average    government  supperter transferred   his reasoning  faculties, as far as legislation is con  corned, to that omniscient   aggrega  tion known as the executive council,  whose   sagacity,   honesty   and   far-  8'ghted statesmanship   are reflected  iii the   condition  of   the   province.  Sir Charles in emphasizing the  danger of this  form   of government   to  the   welfare   of   British   Columbia,  says he recalls  one   order in council  under which a considerable amount  of money was expendad and   which  ���������   was pronounced by the court  to   be  null   and    void   and   an'attempted  usurpation of   the functions of   par  liament.     British Columbia's  legis  lature, as   it  is   now controlled, has  Jet?; to do with  the  actual   government   of   this" pfOViui-p   than   the  reichstag has with the affairs of fief  many.    In   the- reichstag free,, unrestricted   debate   is   permitted, although that is the limit of its actual  rights and privileges.    In our legislature a government supporter must  swallow the fare that is   set   before  him whether he likes it  or not, and  he would not dream of rising in his  place to   criticize the diet, unless he  had received permission   to   do   so.  The legislature is committed to legit--  1'itiou   long   before   it   is called to-j  G  ome and  The Tenth Annual  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the   world  to  communicate direct with Etigrlish  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being a complete commercial guide! to London ami Its  tuburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  e Goods they ship, und  the  ���������eign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  with the Goods they ship, and  the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  inter  arniva  February 7th to 11th  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Poital  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Ageticies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisement! from $15.  IHE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  Fastest Teams in the Interior  ofB. C. in  Competitions  for  B.  C.   and  International Championships.  Siding, Horseracing and  Masquerade  Special   Rates   on   All Railroads  For full particulars apply to  A. W- ROLLAND, Sec,  Rossland, 8. G.  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  $2(1 'kpACRG-ThooldGiuham ranch of  T i ?,i������n"ort'*' ftt Cuscudi!. cim be purchased nt $20 per ncro, if taken at onco. W.  K. Ivslliig. owner, Kosslaiid, B. V.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKKS WANTIfD ns ngPnts for our high  L'riido bicyi'les. Write for low prices to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S CYCLli WOKKS, VICTORIA, Ii. C.  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in your section  SHIP TOUK FURS PIRECT io "SHUBERT" the largest  house In Ihe World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible��������� safe Fur J louse with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than n third of a century." a long successful record of H������jndinjr'-"ur.Shippers prompt. SATIS FACTORY  AND P'iOF-ITA'lM'* returns. Write for "Cfte fefjubert ftfjlpptr,"  tiie only reliable, tuvurate market r?port and price list published.  .      ��������� ..���������,. Y/riio h>v ������l-iNOV/-h'7i TREE  ������������������''*** Ir^ J   A   5?   ^VHWiFftT  Ina   25-27'VKST AUSTIN AVE  ^.jj m., si. or:iijoi:iK.i? ������.n*?. D>,ptc 87 Chicago, u.s.a  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAICK  your  repairs  to   Armson, shoe   ro-  J[    jmiror.    Tho   Hub.    Look for the .BIB  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  UIOHBHTOASH PJ'IOKS paid for old Store*  hun,fs!oro    ,K<-'S-   K' C>  ^^   y''������'������������'l  FOR RENT-HOUSES  n'XU)  five-room homo: two   blocks  ���������   post office.   Apply thin office.  ssuring Your  usmess  C>4 policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of temptation  ���������they maj) be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they *are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  I  Not to advertise  regularly   to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave vour  business un-  protected.  am  TO THE  B  It is no sign of weakness to follow* the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for vour money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction  of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  nvited to Shop liffHE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  "Z3.  1'������**21r  toESTHE WHITEST.  -     TORONTO.*"^  wan^v  MAKE PERFECT BREAD  Bread made in the home with Royal  yeast will keep fresh and moist longer  than  .that   made   with   any other.  Food Scientists claim that there is  more nourishment in a pound of good  home made bread than in a pound of  meat. Consider the difference incost.  E.W.GILLETT COMPANY LIMITED.  TORONTO, ONT  WINNIPEG        MONTREAL  MADE IN CANADA,  Finish of Germany  President     of    Wall     Street  Journal  Gives   Toronto   Audience. His  Opinion on War  That the -war will end by Germany's  collapse-.by "the-beginning-of the winter of 1916-17, and that Canada and  ��������� Russia,' by reason -of the extent of  .their land, will be the chief benefic-  ' iaries of the renaissance of progress  ' and prosperity ������������������to ���������follow,'-were, the en-  ���������couraging predictions of C- W.' Barron, president of the Wall Street Journal, who addressed the Toronto "Canadian Club recently. ��������� ���������:���������*."  It might^well  be   asked,  said   Mr.  ��������� Barron, where the United States  ���������'���������stood. "The man who has not arms  ���������when burglars are   at the front door  had better stand still," he commented, amid laughter. But the United  States was getting arms. She was  building them for the British empire,  too. She had never before floated a  loan for half a billion dollars but she  liad done so for the allies, "and this  is only the beginning."  "Such financial brains as I have tell  me that Germany cannot go through  another winter of war such as this,"  said Mr. Barron, in dealing with the  prospective length of the struggle.  Postal Curiosities  Stamps bearing Quecu Victoria's effigy ceased to be valid after the last  day of June iu the present year. Previous to the introduction of stamps  letters bad to be taken lo one of the  branch offices, which were limited ia  numbers even in large cities; and if  the sender prepaid the postage a red  mark was affixed and it went forward.  If the sender did not pay in advance,  the postage was payable on delivery,  which was very customary, and was  frequently considered the safest way  of insuring that the missive would  reach its destination.    -  When the new stamp was introduced in 1S"40 it was invariably called the  "Queen's head," and old- people used  this term for many a longvday afterwards. When first issued th,. the public the'sheets on which the^stamps  were printed were not perforated,  and each had to be separately cut, a  process both slow and troublesome;  and it was some years before perforation was adopted.  Battle of Champagne  Corns cause much suffering, but  Holloway's Corn Cure offers a speedy,  sure   and   satisfactory  r.elief.  Floating Forts  Mr. A. IT. Pollen, the naval expert,  discussing the employment- of monitors in recent bombardments of the  Belgian coast, makes some remarkable revelations of progress in British  naval, architecture and hints at the  utility of the "floating...forts", as rendering possible the landing of forces  for a grand turning movement against  German armies in Belgium. "If you  are content," he says, "to have a low-  speed, it is. possible to so extend the  sides of any ship as to make it mine  and torpedo proof. It is a mere question of having two hulls���������an interior,  which constitutes the vessel proper,  and an outer, against which underwater weapons are to expend themselves."  A Valuable Medicine  For Little Ones  Mrs. G. Morgan, Huntsville, Ont.,  writes: "I wish, every mother and  especially young mothers knew the  value of Baby's Own Tablets. -They  have certainly worked wonders with  our baby- She was troubled with colic  and constipation and cried all the  time, but the Tablets soon put her  right and she is now, a fine healthy  child." The Tablets are sold by medicine" dealers or by mail at 25 cents a  box from The Dr. Williams' Medicine  Co.   Brockville, Ont.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  A Bitter Choice  Let us be honest. Harper's Weekly  has been constantly in favor of keeping out of the war, if it could be  done without abandoning the principles laid down by our government in  defense of humanity. It has been  done, and brilliantly, and we are glad  we have kept out. Glad, in the sense  that it is our choice; yes, but not  happy. It is not a joyous thing to  see other countries bleeding for our  benefit, while we pay nothing, but instead prosper. Especially it Germany is successful enough to justify  the planned and prepared aggression,  control of reluctant .peoples, glory of  material power, contempt for ethics,  then indeed will the American choice  be bitter to look back upon. Then  indeed shall we dream bad dreams  over what psychological effect our  coming in might have had. at a critical moment, on the Balkan States, on  Turkey, on Germany���������what' effect a  most energetic effort to reach our  maximum in munition shipments as a  belligerent might have had.���������Harper's  AYeeklv-  ever coma  everybody  passers to  ed of the  man fleet,  Through the incideut of the great  war the world is becoming daily appreciably smaller. Affairs in faraway countries that a few years ago  would not have aroused more than a  passing interest here in Canada are  today clothed with an importance and  Personal toucii that must surprise us.  The fact is that the war is making :is  think less parochially and more -ini  penally.���������Calgary  Herald.  .  i- A -Bit   of   German   Humor  They need something to hearten  them up a bit and excite their risibles  in London, and so we respectfully suggest that the dispatch from World's  Berlin correspondent describing a visit to the German fleet be widely distributed iu England.  "Do you think the British fleet will  out?" is the question that  on board, "from coal-  the highest officers," ask-  correspondent. The Ger-  it appears, is waiting for  a challenge. Why does not Great  Britain "throw the glove in the  naval arena for Germany to pick  up?"  The ships on which this delightful  segment of German public opinion  was found are as snug as bugs in a  rug under the guns of Wilhelms-  haven. They are protected by mainland fortifications, by mines in the  sea and by the outlying fortress of  Heligoland. They are as secure  against come-outers as a cave dweller, and designedly so.  Many things have happened while  these ships have held this comfortable berth. The British fleet has  come out sufficiently to control the  seven seas. Aside from a few submarines there is not a German ship  afloat anywhere except in neutral  harbors and in heavily protected  German waters. Men-of-war and  merchant men alike have disappeared, while British flags, commercial  and naval, are seen as frequently as  iu peace in every ocean. With nearly all its colonies in the hands of  tlio enemy and its great high-sea  flc'ftt held helplessly a. prisoner iu its  own harbors, Germany may fairly be  asked what kind of comic opera challenge it is awaiting.���������New York Herald.  A Graphic Description of the Big  Bombardment  There was still wreckage enough remaining on the battlefield of Champagne three weeks after the battle  was fought to give some idea of the  havoc of destruction when it was  fresh after the advance, says an eyewitness account, within a space fifteen miles in length by from one lo  three in breadth. At least a million  men were , engaged on both sides;  25,000 prisoners wero taken, and at  least two or three shells for every  man engaged was fired.  That sheet of preparatory shell  fire which descended upon fifteen  miles of German front trenches had  meant a. swath of slaughter to start  with- For three days, night and  day-his bombardment continued. According to accounts of German prisoners they could only hug the shelter  of their subterranean chambers under their crumbling parapets. A wall  of artillery lire back of the trenches  kept the supplies from reaching them.  In front of the trenches the continued  crash of shrapnel blasts was cutting  the barbed wire. For months the  French had been accumulating ammunition which thoy poured out from*  every calibre of gun.  The shell (ire not only killed "and  wounded Germans; not only made  the most elaborate trenches into  dust heaps, but littered the field  with smashed German cassione,  transport wagons, clothing, equipment, and all the empedients of an  army. There was peace in the German" trenches for the first time iu  three days as the wave of French  int'antrv rushed for the German  trenches. Then the ^French guns  stopped firing lest they kill their  own men. The wave had not more  than 200 yards to go. Estimate the  time that it takes the average man  to run that distance, and you have  the time it took the French soldiers to  reach the wreckage which had been  the German trenches and grapple with  any survivors in .'the dugouts. -In  some places the wave swept on beyond the trench like the tide running up an inlet. The Germans between such forces were caught in a  pair of pincers. This accounted for  the prisoners, who Avere taken in  batches. They were surrounded by  infantry with no way of retreat open  to them.  IjDWAROSBURq  0    PUCES   lfl  Havjyou -.'ever tried "CrozunUrand1' with  Blanc Mange aiid other Corn Starch Puddings i;  They  seem  to blend perlectly���������each   improve:!  the other���������together,  expensive desserts,  ''simply dejicious".  they  that  make   simple,  everyone   cays  EDWARDSBURQ  a  inure  9J>  "LIIA* WHITE" is  a pure white Corn  Syrup���������morb delicate m llavot than  "Crown Hran'j".  Perhaps yon would  prelcr it.  CORN SYRUP    -  is ready to serve over all kinds ot Puddings���������  makes a new and attractive dish ol such an old  favorite as Baked Apples���������is iar cheaper than  butter or preserves when spread on bread-~and  is best for Candy-inaking.  ASK YOUR GROCER���������IN 2. 5, 10 AND  20  LB.  TINS.  THE CANADA STAHCH CO., LIMITED,  HcadOiiicc   -  Montreal  30    E  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures  Garget in  Pointing  had stood  out that the British army  all summer within a' few  miles of a decisive victory, Mr.  Churchill in the house of commons  emphasized that on no other front  could an equal advance have produced comparable strategic results.  "The' situation is now entirely  changed," he said, "and if there has  been any operation in the history of  the world that, having baen taken, it  was worth while to carry through  with the utmost vigor, fury and sustained flow of reinforcements, and  utter disregard for life, it is that operation so daringly begun under Ian  Hamilton by the immortal landing  in the Dardanelles."  Direct Marketing  Sel  ling  Will  .In all infantile complaints that are  the result of the depredations of  worms in the stomach and intestines  Miller's Worm Powders will,bo found  an effective remedy. They attack the  cause of these (.roubles, and by expelling the worms from the organs insure  an orderly working ol! the system,  without which the child cannot maintain its strength or thrive. Those  powders mean health and improvement-  King George's Closest Friend  The King is making a personal sacrifice in sanctioning the return to  the navy of his most intimate friend,  Commander Sir Charles Cust. Commander Oust, as Ihe King's equerry  for twenty-three years, has been the  King's companion, serving His Majesty as Duke of York, Prince of Wales  and Sovereign. The King and Sir  Charles  Majesty  were 'shipmate;;   when   His  was Duke of York, and they  wclfe companions  as cadets.  in the old Britanma  !'WHY  WOMEN   CANNOT  SLEEP."  W. N. U. 1033  As  the  v.  tho  liu re  happy couple were leaving  i- the husband said to the  partner of his married life: "Marriage must seem a dreadful thing to  you; why. you were all of a tremble,  anil one could hardly hear von sav 'I  will.'"  "I will have more courage and say  it louder next time," said the blushing  bride.  Officers From Front to be Instructors  It is announced that a number of  Canadian officers are to be brought  home from the front to be used for  instructional service, and that the  units of the permanent forces doing  garrison duty in Canada will be allowed to send half their officers, noncommissioned officers and num to the  firing line.  Dairy  Products so That They  Reach Consumer in  Fresh  Condition  As a rule, people get their ideas of  a branch of business from the viewpoint at which they are located. If  the dairy business is viewed from  the viewpoint of the family living  on a farm in a remote portion of the  country away back from any of the  trunk lines of railroads, it looks like  a dull, profitless business, for in the  majority of such cases the cows are  indifferently cared ,. for, the amount  of the dairy products is not large, and  the prices paid at the cross roads  dealer's place is rather small. :���������  On the other hand, the dairy -farmers who live within easy access' to  a lively manufacturing town where  there is a large number, of laborers  and their families to feed, there is a  good demand for all that can be produced, and at 'a high price. In.such  cases there is an urging force which  calls for more products of an excellent quality. The reward for the  labor and cxper.se is prompt, and generous- If the business is well managed in such localities the dairymen  aii'd their families can constantly  enjoy the results of their labors to a  great degree if they will,  "Where one lives in a portion of  country too far from the consumers  to deliver butter direct to them it is  a good plan to get in touch with a  first class dealer iu a Emily groceries  in a large town, or city and make  arrangements to ship a quantity of  butter once in about two weeks. The  dealer prefers to get his products  iu such a way, because they are in  much better condition than they are  if they go through the hands of the  four corners grocerymen and subsequently through the hands of the  commission men in the city or large  town. It is an object for a dealer  to be able to say that his butter came  from first hands today, and consequently is fresh and in first class  condition.  Toledo,  I  ss.  State  of Ohio,  city  of  Laica.s   Counts-. )  Frank J. Cheney makes oath that he  is senior partner of tho firm of F. J.  Cheney & Co., doing- business.in the City  of Toledo, County and State aforesaid,  and that said firm will ]iay the sum of  ONE HUNDRED DOLLARS for each  and every case of Catarrh that cannot  be cured by the us6 ot HALL'S CATARRH   CURE.  FRANK -T.   CHENEY..  Sworn lo before me and subscribed in  my presence, this eth day of December,  A.D.   1SSC. .     .     L ,        .   . ,  Hall's Catarrh Cure is  taken internal  ly and acts directly upon the blood  mucous surfaces of the system,  testimonials,   free.  F     J.    CHENEY   &    CO.,  Sold   bv   all   Druggists.- 75e  Take    Hall's   Family  stipation.  and  Send for  Toledo,   O.  Pills   for   Con-  Wireless  Assertions  have  The   highly   organized,   finely   strung (  nervous system of women subjects them  to terrors of nervous apprehension which  no man can ever appreciate.  The peace of mind, the menial poise  and calmness tinder difficulties, which  arc necessary for happy womanhood, are  only possible when the sensitive organism  is in a, perfectly healthy condition. If  there be any derangement, in this respect  no remedy in (he world so completely restores womanly lif.ilth na the wonderful  "Favorite Prescription" invented by Dr.  It. V. Pierce.  Chatham, Our.���������"A few years ago I  suffered a general break-down and got  very weak and thin. .1 was in an awful  state. 1. was very much discouraged and  at times thought I would lose my mind.  I knew yf Dr.-Pierce's medicines so I got  his 'I-'avorito Prescription.' It gave me  immediate relief, nnd completely cured  mc in a very short time. My sister used  it with good results also. She was in a  very delicate condition. I got her to  take it and two bottles cured her completely.  "I take great pleasure in recommending  ���������  Pierce a medicines; they arc all that  Dr.  ia recommended of them,"���������Mhs. Mau-  ciaket Buyant, 87 Park Ave., Chatham,  Ont.  Wonders  recently been appearing in various publications to the  effect that submarine torpedoes can  now be controlled and directed by  wireless; and to the effect that torpedoes which can be successfully  controlled by wireless can with.equai  success be diverted by wireless from  their objective. Both claims have  yet to be made good in contest, but  the chum of a well-Known motor car  coiupav.v to ������c-:itrol a motor car by  wireless has been substantiated fully.  At the Indiana state fair a car was  started evsrv five minutes by wireless from the company's headquarters, live, miles away. The cat-  was fitted up with a receiving apparatus and tho necessary automatic  switches and relays for throwing on  and off the electric current ot the  starter and magneto. An automatic  switch was regulated so as to allow  the car to run for forty-five seconds,  after which the magneto was cut  off. The operation of starting tho  car was repeated at five minute intervals.  There was once a rich but 'very  mean old lady who paid her servants  as litle as possible, and kept very  few. One of her staff was a thin, miserable looking lad of twelve, who answered the door, did the knives and  the windows, waited at table, weeded  the garden, washed the poodle, and  had the rest of the time to himself.  One visitor asked him:  "Well, my boy, and what do you  here?"  "I do a butler and a gardener out of  a  job,"   snapped   he   lad   sourly.  is no more nocessnry  than SmaIlpox,_ Army  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  your family. It is more vital than house insurance.  Ask your physician, drueelst, or send for "Hava  you had Typhoid?" tellinR of Typhoid Vaccina,  results from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  THE HITTER LABORATORY, BERKELEY, CAL.  PEODUC1NS VACCIIUS It SCRUMS UNDER U, 3. GOV. LICKKtg  Britain Fights for  Permanent Peace  Sir   Edward   Grey   Reaffirms   Premier  .Asquith's Historic Pledge  Reaffirmation of Premier Asquith's  historic pledge regarding the Entente  ���������Allies' terms of peace, delivered at the  Lord Mayor's banquet, November 9,  1914, was made by Sir .Edward Grey,  British foreign secretary, in a written  answer to a question put by Sir Arthur Markham, Liberal member of  parliament for the Mansfield division  of Nottinghamshire.  After stating that Great Britain's  position in the war is fixed by her  alliance with Japan, France and Russia, the foreign secretary proceeds:  "In our view the conditions of peace  must fulfil those laid down by tho  prime minister oh November 9, 1914,  It is very desirable that it should ba  understood once and for  is the' determination of  ment collectively.-.���������; and  and of the -nation." :-  ������������������- At the Lord Mayor's banquet, November 9, 1914, Premier Asquith said:  "We shall not sheathe the sword,  which we have not lightly drawn,  until Belgium has' recovered more  than she has sacrificed; until France  is adequately secured against menace, until the rights of the-smaller  nationalities have been placed upou  an unassailable foundation, and until the military domination of Prussia is finally destroyed."  all that this  the govern-  incyividually,  Help For Asthma.���������Neglect gives  asthma a great advantage. Tbe troubte  once it has secured a foothold, fastens its grip on the bronchial passages  tenaciously. Dr. J. D- Kellogg's Asthma Remedy is daily curing cases of  asthma of long standing. Years of  suffering, however, might have been  prevented had the remedy been used  when the trouble was in its first  stages- Do not neglect asthma, bu.t  use this preparation at once.  The .largest hoard of gold in the  world is that held in the vaults of the  Russian State bank, amounting now  to about $850,000,00. Ordinarily a  visitor may travel from one end of  the Russian empire to the other and  not see enough gold coin to buy a pair  of shoes. Paper currency is used universally. The cheque system, as it  prevails in Great Britain and Canada, '  is   practically  unknown  in   Russia.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Former Mistress���������-I would like to  give you a good recommendation,  Eliza, but my conscience, compels-llrc  to state that you.4iever got the meals"  ready, at the proper time. I wonder  how I can put it in a nico sort of way?  Eliza���������You might say that I got tho  meals the same as I got me pay.   .,  That Dr. Chase's Ointment  actually cures oven the worst  cases of itching, bleeding and  protruding piles wc know for a  certainty, because of experience with thousands of cases.  To provo tills to you wc shall  send you a sample box free, if  you enclose a two-cent stamp  to pay postage, and mention  this paper.  Edmanson,    Bates    &    Co.,  i Limited,  Toronto. fe :J1--M'  THE    SUN,    GKAXD    FORKS,    B. (G  GERMANYTHREATENS EXISTENCE OF DEMOCRACY  Gifford   Pinchot says   that the Allies are Fighting to Uphold  -Highest American Ideals, and the U. S. Should Hamper  Them as Little as Possible in the Conduct of the War  the  Gifford Pinchot, in an address at  the Aldine Club, New York, answered  his own question: "Both in our own interest and to satisfy our ;sense of  justice, what do we in the United  States most desire us the outcome'of  the. war?" by saying:  ".Victory for" the allies, of course."  Mr, Pinchot discussed' the disturbance of foreign'trade and the inconveniences to certain classes of American business men, and this led tip to  his query as to the wise position for  the United States to take in the matter. (Answering, the question: "Why?"  Mr, Pinchot said: ,     ;  "First of. all, because this is really  our war; that is to say; the principles  for which it is being fought are principles for which the United States  stands, and which"we are interested  in having prevail in the world at  large. It is to our interest as a people not to have treaties regarded as  scraps of paper; not to have decency  and humanity disregarded in methods  of warfare; not to have militarism in  tho ascendant and democracy crushed. We want the small nations to be  respected. It is of vital consequences  to us that civilization as we know it  shall be protected and preserved  against the German theory that nothing is sacred against the self-interest  of the strong.  "If the allies win, there is no trouble in sight for the United States. We  in America may then proceed, undisturbed from without to work out our  own problems in our own way. If the  allies win, democracy in Europe will  bo preserved against the encroachments of military autocracy, and the  prospect for lasting peace will be at  least reasonably good- But if Germany wins, the very existence of  democracy in Europe will be iu dan  ger, and if democracy goes under on  that continent it-will not long survive  on this one. '  "If Germany wins, world-wide peace  will become a dream,,and we shall  find ourselves compelled to use all  our power and all our resources to  get ready for what will then ?>e. the  inevitable armed conflict with Germany, a conflict which the German  military, rulers already are known to  regard as .a necessary part of their  program of world control.  "We are today a peaceable and  peace loving nation. Nothing is more  certain; than that, if Germany wins,  we shall be forced-to transfer our first  and best attention from self-improvement to-self-defense, and;tc arm on a  scale that not even the- most ardent  advocate- of preparedness now regards  aspossible. In the face of a victorious  Germany, determined upon world power, we can hope to.preserve our national self-governing existence only by  force of arms. The victory of Germariy  would:: transform the United States  also into an armed camp.  "If,: then, it is enormously to our interest as a nation to have the allies  win, let us hamper them ,as little as  we reasonably can in their conduct of  the war... ������������������_....'..; .'���������'.''.'..  "We must never forget that the allies are paying in blood and treasure  a price beyond anything we could  have imagined before the war began,  and paying it to ������������������maintain the principles to -which the government is  dedicated- The allies are protecting  us, with the rest of the neutral world,  from the necessity of either to arm to  the teeth and fight or to yield to the  control of a military autocracy whose  only law is its own advantage. The  least we can do-is not to attempt to  tie their hands."  Thrilling Adventures  Of English Woman  Her   Escape   From   Belgium  Was  Effected   by   Disguise  Mrs. Malcolm Carter, an English  woman of Belgian birth, who arrived  in New York recently, told her friends  the story of how she escaped from  Belgium by disguising herself in the  costume of a Flemish peasant and  creeping, under the barbed wires on  tin Dutch "rontier. Mrs. Carter came  to seek aid for Belgian soldiers who  have been blinded or permanently disabled.  She went from London to Belgium  to visit-her father, and says that her  passport was taken away and torn  up on the orders of General Von Bis-  sing, the military commander. She  was suspected of being a spy, but after two months obtained a new pass  from another German commander, but  that also was confiscated.  Realizing that her only m^ans of escape was by subterfuge, she went to  the home of a'friend in Antwerp and  emerged from the house in disguise.  She was carried in the cart of a Belgian cheesemonger part of the .way to  the Dutch border,and smugglers guided her the remainder of the way.  . "There were times," said Mrs. Carter, "when we were crawling on the  ground, and it was eleven hours before we reached the barbed wire that  marks the border. Then I was literally poked and rolled through tho  lines of  twisted  wire to  safety."  ������������������________.._ ��������� 'V  Value of Wireless  Is  Proving a  nection  Con-  the  ves-  ports^  Shelter for Implements  "Seasonable Hints" For the Farmers  . During Winter  "The real test of the farmer is, perhaps, in his ability to make the most  profitable-use of the various products  of his farm and his foresight in getting ready in every way practicable  between harvest and seed time for  the productive operations of the next  season." ; Thus states Mr. J. H. Gris-  dale. director, Dominion Experimental  Farms, in presenting Seasonable  Hints, No. 3, for November, December, January and February, to the  farming public of Canada. A careful  perusal of its sixteen pages will amply  reward the stockman, the agriculturist, the horticulturist, the poultryman,  the tobacco grower, and those especially interested in bees. A feature  of this third issue is the advice under the caption "Shelter the Implements." The enormity of the vast sum  of money spent annually on farm  machinery is impossible of realization. To equip an average farm with  machinery costs about $1,000, which  under ordinary conditions of treatment will not do good work for more  than five years. To counteract this  waste, for unsheltered implements  means waste, shelters should be built.  A working plan of a shed 25 by 47 feet  outside measurements is given, with  directions necessary for its construction. A careful study of this plan,  which, as stated, is capable of many  modifications, will be helpful to those  intending to build. To those, therefore, who would have a compendium  of information, which outlines many  necessary fall and winter duties pertaining to agriculture in all its phases,  Seasonable Hints, No. 3, is available  at the department of agriculture, Ottawa, Ont.  Mobilize Resources  Agri-  The One Complete Success  -The British navy is the' one instru-  'nYent,- olr-e4t!ier-.s.ide of conflict, which  has performed ��������� its*v-*ft*.ork with - complete and unchallengeable siiC-cess, It  has broken, as by a sudden hammer-  blow, the whole of Germany that lived  upon and trafficked in deep waters.  It has rendered the German high sea  ficet as innocuous in its hiding place  as if it had never existed���������as if the  three hundred million pounds spent  in its construction had been thrown  carelessly into the German Ocean.  And slowly but surely, without ostentation- or boasting, like the slaying of  a man in the darkness by an unsean  liand, it, has laid its grip on the throat  of Germany, never henceforth to be  relaxed until the end comes. The victim may struggle, lash out with hands  and feet, writhe in agony, and in its  struggles damage ail surrounding  things; but despite the struggles the  grip wll remain secure, the pressure  continued and intensified. And it is  all dependent on some tiny aggregate  of ships and men "somewhere in the  British   isles."���������The  Nation,  London.  Commission Gathering Data on  cultural and Industrial  Questions  ���������'���������'. TJie economic and d'evelopinsnt  commission recently appointed is rapidly getting under - way-with its programme. Leading organizations interested in agriculture, stock raising,  fruit growing, marketing, transportation, immigration and other matters  affecting the progress of Canada; are  forwarding to the office of the commission at Ottawa statements expressing their views as to what they  believe to be the greatest needs for  the future. With the assistance of i  this information, the commission will  be   guided   in   its   investigations.  In order that questions requiring  the consideration of technical experts may be dealt with properly,  special committees of inquiry are being appointed. It is the aim of the  commission to' proceed ao rapidly . s  possible ��������� towards assisting in the  mobilization of the  industrial resources,  at the close of the  may be in the best  to meet conditions.  agricultural and  so that Canada  conflict,  position  present  possible  Social Committee  Arrange Programmes For . Social  - Events of the Community  Social life needs guidance. To this  end it is suggested that each community arrange for a social committee, chosen from among the young  people of the- community whose duty  it shall be to arrr.nge a programme  for the social events of the community throughout the coming winter.  This committee should arrange tho  time, the place, and the events of  each occasion. To avoid interference  with oth������r community events, this  committee should confer with representatives from the educational, the  religious, the Grange, and the other:  social organization's of ihe community, all of which should have representation ou'; tiie ' main committee. If  possible, the -programme should bo  printed for general di.stribjjt.ion. Additional events may theii" be "lield at  other times than those scheduled in  the general community programme  of social  occasions.���������Rural   'educator.  Great Life-Saver in  with   Accidents  at  ��������� Sea  During the fiscal year of 1915  inspectors of, the radio bureau  Washington reported 26 cases of  sels' leaving United jStates  which met with accident or disastel  requiring the use of wireless to summon assistance. Four of these calls  were due to fire, twelve to running  ashore, stranding or getting into "an  ice jam, three to breakage of machinery, four to collisions,, one to shifting cargo, one to vessel being storm-  battered and waterlogged, r.nd one to  being torpedoed.  Except in the ca/e of the Lusitania,  which was torpedoed, the assistance  rendered resulted in but two lives  -being lost. Since the closing of the  fiscal year the following marine disasters have occurred in which the use  of wireless helped to save a number  of .lives:  On September 15, tho Fabry liner  Santa Anna, bound from New York  to Naples with 1,700, caught fire in  mid-ocean, and all the passengers and  ere v,'were - saved. ���������'.���������_- The S.O.S. call  brought the Italian steamer Ancona  to her aid, (500 passsngers were safely  .transferred", and the burning vessel  was escorted to the Azores.  Six days later the Greek liner Ath-  inai, bound from New York to Piraeus  and Saloniki. caught fire 050 miles  east of Sandy Hook, with 170 passengers and crew on board, and had to  be abandoned. The Anchor liner Tus-  cania responded to the S.O.S. call  and took off 341 passengers in lifeboats, and the remainder wera  brought to New York on the freighter  Roumanian Prince.  The inspectors of the radio bureau  stated that the report of the Athinai  showed conclusively that many persons - might have been lost and the  cause of the Joss of the steamer never  known if the vessel had not been  equipped with wireless apparatus.���������  Nov.- York Times.  CHECKING DEPOPULATION OF  RURAL DISTRICTS  One of the   Bsst   Ways  to  Further the Progressive Agriculture  Movements is to Interest the Boys and Girls in the Work  Through Holding Annual Fall Competitions  Report on Ross Rifle  British   and   Canadian   Arm   Will   be  Discussed   in   Parliament *  It is understood that ail the facts  in regard to the Ross ride will be  placed before parliament next session.  There have been varying stories in  , respect to the Ca-iadian arm, some of  | them favorable and some very unfavorable. It has also been reported upon by exeprts and discussed in the  British house, when it was announced  i some months ago that a mysterious  official: "This is how I am in-  ada. This report has never seen the  light of day on this side of the Atlantic. That the full facts may be  known, it is expected that all papers  will be brought down and that not  only the working of the Ross rifle but  the British arm as well will be dealt  with.     ,  A   Home  They are saying  Warning  in France that tho  Ancona victims are the result of the  .American failure to exact reparation  for the Lusitania. That is a bitter reproach to rest upon the government  of the United States. Its faults will  be still greater, however, if it remains  deaf to warnings regarding hostile  acts within the country until smouldering fires burst into flames that  might be hard to extinguish.���������Buffalo  Express.  France After War Grafters  pie     Who     Profit     Unduly   From  Needs   of  the   Nation   Are  Punished  A vigorous campaign undertaken  by the French government to punish  persons who have profited unduly  from tho needs of the nation is well  under way. A Supply Corps officer  named Parent and his soldier clerk  have been sentenced by a court martial to five years in prison and fines  of .1,500 francs ($300) for accepting  commissions from contractors on purchases of supplies amounting to more  than   6,000,000   francs    ($1,-.'00,000).  "Jean Busseret, a tent manufacturer, who obtained orders for 1,500,-  000 francs ($300,000) worth of goods  by the payment of commissions, has  been sentenced to ten years' imprisonment and a heavy fine. Three  other business men convicted on  similar charges have been sentenced  to prison.  The Junior Fall Fair as it is being  carried on in Saskatchewan, was first  inaugurated by the district representative in Ontario and the county -agent  of the United States.  In Ontario the Junior Fall Fair is  known as the Rural School Fair. In  the'United Stales it has taken the  form of societies," such'as "The Corn  Club Boys," "The Canning Girls," the  "Baby Beef Boys," etc      -     .  In Saskatchewan the department of  agriculture and the department of  education co-operate in this work.  The object aimed at in holding these  fairs is two-fold. In'., the first place  the,children are given the educational  line embodied in the work. And,  secondly, the Junior Fall Fair has  proven one of the best ways of linking the farmiug public and the department together that they may become acquainted and thus further the  interests of progressive agriculture.  The following is a brief outline of  the work:  During the spring months the agricultural secretary visits the teacher  and children for the work in "connection with the fair.  The general details are as follows:  The boys and girls of each school  nominate three of their number to act  as directors on the Junior Fall Fair  board. After the nominations have  been concluded a meeting is held at  some central point for the purpose of  electing a president ' and secretary  treasurer. '���������'.-���������������������������   : ' ���������  All the business and management in  connection .with, the fair is arranged:  by the hoard of directors: that is,  when the material supplied by the department is given out in the.spring a  complete list is kept of the pupils receiving the same, thus when the Junior Fall Fair takes pake all products '  are automatically entered- it is the  duty of the president of the School  Fair board to sign all chequss and  hava general supervision over all matters pertaining to the fair.  ���������    :      ""  The secretary-treasurer is a busy  person and should be one in a position which would allow his or her  /-. iting, witlv tire agricultural secretary tlje plots', grown' by the'Children  during the - summer. This -makes it  possible for the secretary-treasurer to  report to the board of directors, who,  in co-operation with the school teachers and agricultural secretary, prepare  the premium list.  This   co-operation   of  the   board   of  directors, school teachers and agricultural secretary creates  a greater interest among the boys and girls of our  farms iu agriculture;  helps bring the  life and  interests of the school more  closely iu contact with  the home-life ,  of the pupil; encourages the boys and ���������  girls in a common and natural appreciation of the  beautiful in nature, as  well as giving them something definite to do and to have something which  they can call their very own.  The school children carry on the  work on plots at homo. These plots  are of a uniform size, generally 1-10.0  of an acre, which makes the work of  comparison  more simple.    All    ssed  grain, garden seeds and tubers are  supplied by the department of agriculture. L'ggs are also' .supplied lor  hatching purposes- Only pure.strains  are supplied thus making the children  familiar with the better side of farming.  The agricultural secretary visits the  plots of each boy and girl during the  summer, scores them, and makes suggestions of a practical nature where  the occasion warrants. This is the  key to the lasting effects of the fall  fair work.  The fair is held some time during  the months of September and October,.as suits the district in which it  is to take place. The rules and regulations arc the same as any agricultural society fair, and all prize money  is paid by cheque, arrangements being made at the local banks re cashing, of the same.  General benefits derived from  school fair work:  1. Rural depopulation is checked.  The children whose early impressions  are lasting have not a craving for  other lines of work when farming is  made interesting .and instructive  through the junior fall fairs.  -2. A community interest is created,  thus bring people together socially,  which means much towards elevaticn.  3. Children are interested in progressive agriculture. When children  become interested it. is much easier to  interest the parents.  4. Rural education is put on a  firmer footing. The boys and girls of  today are the men and women of tomorrow.  5. Social advantages:  (a) The training received by the  boys and girls in the fall fair work  will help them to bo of greater service to the community in which they  live-  (b) Agriculture and other lines o������  education ar*a. placed on a firm, practical footing, recognizing the fact that  the future of Saskatchewan depends  to a great extent on how well both  are carried on.  Prize money is contributed by the  municipal councils, school trustee  boards and individuals interested in  the junior fall fair work.  An objection  has    been  raised    to  giving cash prizes;   but it is thoroughly understood    that the children are  not to compete for the monetary value  of the prize,    but   for   the educative  value and incentive  to grow or province some article better    than other  ; pupils produce.    All money should be  I paid  by cheque and in  this  way  the  'children arc acquainted-with banking.  |     The  line  elevator  companies   with  i headquarters in Winnipeg, who oper-  ! ate   country   elevatorsr. in Sasaktche-  j wan,  are    donating a scholarship  of  J $ I oo to be used in a course in agricul-  j ture  or domestic science at the  College of Agriculture, Saskatoon, to the  I boy or girl in each municipality mak-  ! ing the highest score in competitions-  [ Competitions at the annual junior fall  fair between    the   age of     14 and IS  ! years are eligible to compete for this  'scholarship^,  British Women Busy  Since the war began to drain Britain of men so' heavily the inimlic-r  of women workers has increased.  There are now 50.000 women clerks  employed in London, against ::*),000  in 1011'. The increase in other cities  is in proportion.  Before the war began there were  1,000,000 more women than men in  Britain.  Tlu French minister of war has  sent to tiie military governors of  Paris and Lyons and the generals  commanding the military districts of  France large placards reading:  "Keep silent: Be careful: The  Enemy is Listening."  ]t is ordered that these placards  be placed in railway trains and .street  cars  and  other public places.  Geography in Germany  Bavarian   Children   Are  Taught  Some  Queer "Facts"  The school authorities in Bavaria  have published notes on war geography for the children attending the  public schools. The following information is given regarding Russia:  The Russian territory already occupied by the Germans is four times as  extensive as the Kingdom of Bavaria,  but is only one-seventy-fifth of the  entire Russian empire. But the greater part of Russia is thinly populated,  and the most populous districts are already in German possession, so that  Russia can now show only six-  sevenths  of her fcrm.-'r  population.  At the beginning of the war, Russia  had fifty million more inhabitants  than Germany and Anstro-Mungary  combined; namely, 170 millions  against U'O millions. After a year of j  warfare this position had boon reversed: Russia now has only l.-lf> millions,  whereas the Central .Monarchies rule  over I ."it* millions.  The new territory occupied in east  and west as an extensive as the entire  Kingdom of Prussia.  Temporal Powers  Of the Papacy  This is German Bait to Ensure Sympathy of the Roman Catholics <,.  The restoration of the temporal  power of the papacy is the latest bait  offered by the Germans to enlist sympathy of the Roman Catholic cause.  According to a Swiss correspondent of  the Standard, Prince von Buelow's  visit to Switzerland was connected  with a scheme for the restoration -of  papal sovereignty after the war. This  would serve both as  Italy for her so-called  former allies of the 'I  and   would   conciliate  revenge   upon  perfidy to her  'riple  Alliance,  Roman   Cath-  A motorist, who was louring in Ireland one day met a native who was  driving a donkey and cart. Thinking  he would like to have aMittle fun at  the Irishman's  expense,  he  began:  "What is the difference. Pat, between your turnout and mine?"  "Oh, not a gi'i-ac dale," promptly re-  pliCJi Pat. "Shtire, the donkey's in the  shafts in the wan, and on the seat in  the other."  69 B.C. Surveyors Have Joined Colors  That (J!) British Columbia surveyors  have joined the colors is an interesting aimouiicenii'iit made by .Mr. G. I).  Dawson, the surveyor-general. O*  these four have fallen in action, four ,  have been wounded, two,are prisoners  in Germany and fifty-nine either arc;  sarvin;', at the front, waiting instructions rt Shorncliffe to proceed to the  continent, or training in British Columbia. Victoria's total contribution  is twenty-one. Two of these have '  given their lives for their country���������  namely, Captain J. H. .McGregor and  Lieut. K. K, Colbourii-', and two arc  prisoners, Lieut. II. I). Gillespie and  Pte. J. ,M. .Milligan.  oh'cs throughout the world.  Although the kaiser and his advisers are Lutherans, the Gorman press  is running a campaign, inspired by  the Wilhelmslnisso to support this  proposal. Thus the Allegemeinc  Hundschuu, of .Munich, urge:; rhat the  pope's supreme authority ami divine  mission make it necessary that he  should enjoy absolute freedom and  sovereign independence.  The threat is made that if Italy-  should provo reasonable, Germany  will abandon the idea of making Home  the capital of a reconstructed papal  state, but if met by refusal, Germany  would indict the supreme humiliation  upon her of establishing tiie scat of  ihe pope as a sovereign in the capital  of  the  Italian   nation.  Sas katch e wa n   prod need  bushels    more   wheat  this  did,    Kansas,    the    largest  producer.    Let  lis own   up  sportsmen,    arid see if we  10,000,000  year than  American  like good  cannot do  better.-  nal.  New  York  Wall  Street Jour-  By  His  Right  An Irish chauffeur in San Francisco who had been having trouble  with numerous small boys in the  neighborhood of his stand discovered ono day on cxamiuing his car that  there was a dead cat on one of the  seats. In his anger ho was about to  throw the carcass into the street  when he espied a policeman.  Holding up the carcass, he exclaimed: "This is how 'J am insulted.    What am  I  to  do with  it?"  "Weil, don't you know? Take it  tin-tight to headquarters, and if It  is not claimed within a month it be-  < ernes your prtop&rty."���������Har-w's  Magazine. THE   SU1S,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  PROMOTIONS IN THt  PUBLIC SCHOOL  The following is the standing of  pupils of the Grand Forks public  school, as determined by work and  tests during the term, September to  January, inclusive:  DIVISION I���������PIUNCIPA.L .S CLASS.  Alphabetically.  Annie Anderson  Lily Ardiel  Fred Barlee  Marie Barn urn  Anna Beran  Pearl Bryenton  Blair Cochrane  Murrel Galloway  Hattie Gaw  Margaret Graham  Reggie Hull  Mildred Hutton  Kathleen  Kerby  Earl King  Edith L irsen  Gladys Latham  Ada Lennon  James Lyden  Sarah McCallum  Gwen Mcllwaine  Ed Mcllwaine  AbramMooyboer  Laurena Nichols  Kathleen O'Connor  Viola Fell  liolger Peterson  Helen Peterson  Tommy Reaburn  Fritz Schliehe  Frances Sloan  Ruby Smith  Agnes Si afford  Violet Walker  Uvo Wells  Recommended:  Alfred Eowney  AleetaMichols  Sr "3rd A, remaining in class:  George Meikle  Promoted from Sr.  3rd B.     .,  Recommended:  Kenneth McArdl e  Christopher Pell  Randolph Davis  Reid McKie  Joseph Rowladsou  Walter Larsen  Senior 3rd  maining in class  Boyd Nichols  Sam Erickson  Fred Wiseman  DIVIISON IV.  B, re- Peter  Peterson^  Emma Irving  Bertha. Fracass  Promoted from  Junior 3rd B.  Other classes in order of merit.  DIVISION II  Promoted to Sr. 4, Gwen Humphreys  Class B:  Wilfred Brown  George Cooper  Helen Campbell  Donald L-iws  Joseph Beran  Mary Cooper  Bernard Crosby  J Rosa Peterson  ( Loretta Lyden  Aurena  Barnum  Garibaldi Bruno-  Dorothy Burns  Hope Benson  Ethel Wright  Amy Heaven  Remaining in Jr.  i, A Class:  Earl Kelleher  Jjillian Kelleher  Promoted to Ji  '     A Class:  Bernice Kennedy  M uriel, Spraggett  Lizzena Irving  Vernon  Forrester  Remaining in Jr. 4  Class B:  Francis Fritz  To Jr 4th   A   from  Jr 4 B, Div. 3.  Maud Cunningham  Vernon Smith  Edith Coryell  Robert O'Connell  Kwiug M'-Callum  Ambro eM :Kinn< n  Gl'idys Rashleigh  Vernon Siddall  Ma rgaretM ichener  Recommended:  Harold Fair  4, H'len Massie  Vera" Donahison  GladysMcLauchiariBlanohe Kennedy  Promoted from  Junior 3rd A:  Emile Painton  Nellie Miller  Willie Sprinthall  Helen Simpson  Walter  Young  Jennie JStanheid  Tannis Barlee  Frances Latham  Amy Peckham    '  Esther Anderson  Charlie Cooper  Margery Keron  May Crosby  J umor 3rd A, re-  Lilian  Hull  Grace Green  Mary Beran  John Meinol  William .Nelson  Oswald Walker  Flora McDonald  William Grenier  Dean Kennedy.,  Reginald Heaven  OrvjJle Baker  Clara Brunner  Mary Mil lei-  Grace Graham  Frances U'Ren  Dorothy Meilile  maitiiiigiu class:Laviua Cruwder  hilleu Harkness Recommended:  Grace Wiseman      Coryl Campbell  i red Trimbie Thelma Hutton  JacK Brau  DIVISION   v.  Jr. 3rd B, remain  Promoted from  J tinior'2ud:  enng  in  i^very  artment at  tore  BrendaHumphreys Amy Murray  Cecilia Lyden Gordon Murray  Lydia Kelleher  DIVISION III.  Jr 4th B , promo- Harold King  ted from Sr 3rd A: Isabel Bowen  Morris  Baineson    Guner Lindgreen  Jennie Miller  Isabelle Glaspell  Corena Harkness  Rose Truxler  Alice Galipeau  Gladys Bryenton  Eloise Stafford  Margaret Fowler  Teddie Cooper  Leuore Oronant  Charles Bishop  Norma Erickson  Edward Potentier George Hodgson  Lottie Peterson      Cecelia Crosby  Julia Downey Howard DeCew  Ray Forrester Denis 0'Conner  Peter Miller Harry Kelleher  AntoinetteSchliehe Jeannette Reburn  ing in class:  Percy Stacy  Orlean Anderson  Alice Ryan  Promoted from  Senior 2nd.  Harry Dniytryk  Leoina Reed  Law   McKinnon  Aielvin Hoover  Mark  Truxler  Clarence Hoover  Leo Mills  Leona U'Ren  Recommended:  Arthur Bryenton  Willie Skiebneff  Jiuimie Needham  Harold Qumlivan Jeff Ryan  Chow Fung Recommended:  Sr. 2nd,remaining Alphouse Galipeau  in class:  Molt  Ruth Eureby  Guunar Halle  Annie Crospy  Jb reddy Cooper  Veryl Steeves  Kenneth Campbell  ClarenceDonaldson  Alberta McLeod  Connie Burdon  Pear Brau  John de Vi.sser  Evelyn Stafford  Dorothy fcichliehe  Lews  Waldron  James Pell  Janet Stacy  John Peterson  Margaret Bruno  Roger  .Lady Barber  'in  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  -������������������#'������������������������������������        % ���������   ������������������  -  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  and  do  all  kinds  of  New Harness  harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  /\������  Frechette  j '������������������ 'j  Mann's Old Drug Store  Gent's Furnisher  Telephone Office  Yext  Bridge Street  Jr.  DIVISION VI.  2nd remaining Lola  Baker  in.class:  Lizzie Gordon  Vera Lyden  Helen O'Cohnell  Roy Lockhart '  John Lane  Kenneth Murray  Addie Barron  Herbert Heaven  Ethel Wiseman  Clare U' Ren  Frank. Worden  Promoted from  First Reader:  Hilda Smith  Anna Marovitch  Mary Fleming  Edward Molt  Jack Miller  Elsie Nelson  Ethel Miller  Elsa Morella  Nick Verzuh  First Reader  re-  Reg:n i Frechette  Harry Stacy  Teddie Caron  Harry Carpenter  Francis Crosby  Esther Rice  Joseph Japp  Recommended:  Vivian McLeod  Rita Nilef  2nd Primer, from  1st Primer:  Ernest Hadden  Albert Snyder  Henry Reid  DIVISION IX  Gordon McCallum  Peter Santano  John Stafford  John-Mates*  Joseph Lyden-  .Dora McLauchlin  Mike Verzuh  Irene FrankovitchJohn Bluekens  CharlotteLuscombeErnest Gre.en  Doris Kennedy  Dorothy Latham  Clarence Mason  Edmond Wells  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  a  tt  Oats  Porriage Oats  Ferina  raham  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Joe Bishop  Horace Green  Nora Harris  Clifford Brown  Nellie Ailen  DIVISION VII.  1st Reader, promo-    Recommended:  ted from 2 Primer:Fred Bryenton  Ruth Laraina Harry Cooper  Walter Anderson    Mave Farmer  Promoted to  2nd Primer:  Alice George  Ros-ina Pessi  Edith  Eureby  Gladys Jewell  Merle Wright  Nick Ogiioff-  Mary Ogiioff-  Promoted   to  1st Primer:  Edward Dmytryk  Elton Woodland  Morley Miller  Edgar Gajipeau  Louie O'Keefe    -.  Vera Hoover  LawrenceO'Connor  Winnifred Savage  Francis Larama  Dorothy Davidson  Harry Acres  Marion McKie  Ida Knox  Lillian Coomber  John Santano       ������  DIVISION   X���������RECEIVING CLASS.  Remaining in class:Alice Wilkerson  Antone DeWilde   Frank Wilkerson  Willie Mola Cecelia Graham  Dorothy Fracas  Tommie Allan  Violet Lockhart  Emmet Baker  Vera Morella  George Francis  Daniel Wilson  Jigi Morel  Albert Colarch  Lydia Colarch  Mike SherstobetoffHarry Nucich  Arthur Wilkerson Mike Morella  Brima Berazowska.Jann Wright  V  Paul Kingston  Wallace Huffman  Margaret Ross  Earl Peterson  Maurice Lane  E"Jna Rardy  Blanche Mason  John Graham  Amy Sherstobetoff  FannySherstobeteff  HANSEN&CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Coal  ���������&  ow  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  R38 Ffrst Street  Tklkphonks  Offick, Rfi6.  HaNSK.n'S RESIDENCE  Vera Bickerton  Sylvester Kraus  El sie Liddicoat  Arrie  Halle  Louis Gill  Stuart Ross  Charles Anderson  James Clark  Herbert Clark  Lem John  Ruth Hesse  Fred Galipeau  Jennie Allan  Edna Luscombe  Jack Stacy  Dorothy  DeCew  Lloyd Quinlivan  Michael Cherneff  Seoond Primer,re  maining in class  Peter Skrebneff  Olive Jiving  Gertrude Cook  Charles Shannon  Francis Caron  Isabelle Innes  Kenneth Massie  Grace Brau  Georgia Lockhart  Arthur  Hesse  Lome Murray  Earl Fitzpatrick  Walter Rashleigh  Rupert Sullivan  ForWratches,C locks and Jewellery^  Go to .  3  Mini  m  H  %%0  DIVISION   VIII.  1st Reader,promo- Frank Gordon  ted from 2 Primer:Janet Bonthron  First Street, Grand Forks  Wedding, Birtrfday and Other Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  MildredWetherell  Fern Sheeley  George Manson  Lucy Teabo  Bertie Scott  Hazel Nystrom  Violet Meikle  Emerson Reid  Ivan Morrison  Hazel Waldron  Marguerita Pessi  Bessie Harkness  Paulina Mohler  Vera McAllister  Gladys Lindeburg  James Shannon  Herbert Harris  Carl Peterson  Valdemar Peterson  Gordon Clark  Ethel Sale  Evalena Lindeburg  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboer  First and  Main  Sts.,  Grand Forks,. B. C.

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xgrandforks.1-0179427/manifest

Comment

Related Items