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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 17, 1915

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 Kettle VaHey Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No   7  GRAND FORKS, B. C:, FRIDAY, ^LCIWIIKR  <',; 1015  SI.00 PER YEAR  Wednesday there occurred  Jit the parliament buildings,  Victoria, developments which  led to a change in the leadership of the government���������a re-  V constructed cabinet. These  developments were the resignation of Sir Richard Mc-  Bride as premier, his recommendation to the lieutenant-  governor that Hon.' W. J.  Bowser be invited to form a  ministry, and the acceptance  .of the task by' the latter. The  . new cabinet was immediately  formed with the following personnel:  Hon. W. J. Bowser, premier and attorney general.  Hon. A. C. Flunieifelt, minister of finance and agriculture.  Hon. C. E. Ti.sdall, minister  of public, works and railways.  Hon. W. R. Ross, minister  of lands.  Hon. Thomas Taylor, provincial secretary and minister  of education.   .  Hon. Lome A. Campbell,  minister of mines.  The by-elections are promised at as early a date as possible. ",    '  Another development was  the resignation of Hon. J. H.  Turner as agent general for  . British Columbia in London,  the tendering of the post to  Sir Richard McBride and-the  -hitter's acceptance.  bility of running a spur to tho  mines from Princeton, a distance of  twelve- m'iles in direct line. The line  has already heen practically located,  and as soon as the matter of rates,  which fs being discussed between  the mining company's officials and  the railway company's ' officials,  has been decided upon the construction work will be started.'  In the meantime work at the old  properties at Greenwood, B C,which  was resumed last August ��������� after a  year's idleness, is going along  smoothly, and the company is real  izing good profits as the result of  smelting operations now in progress. The Greenwood ores are  smelted direct, whereas Copper  mountain ores-are of the disseminated porphyry type, and it is for  this reason that the aforementioned  flotation plant for concentrating the  same has been recommended. The  c mpany's engineers estimate that  a maximum of 82,000,000 will be  required to place th'e property on a  produi ing basis of 2000 tons of ore  -pi'i- day, with an estimated cost of  production of 8ic per pound of cop  per after crediting gold and silver  values for 50 per oent of the ton  nage and lOAe per pound of copper  for the deeper ores.  Special sermon to the young men  and the young women of the congregation, taking for his subject,  "Life's True Purpose." A cordial  invitation is extended to the young  people in the city t at have no  church connection.  British Columbia Copper Co.  The last statement   issued by   the  .. British Columbia Copper  company,  under date  of   November   15, 1915,  says   the   New   York   Mining Age,  states that there are 8,900,000   tons  of   proven ore,   averaging   I 75 per  cent copper,   and   2,000,000  tons of  partially proven ore, averaging 1.75  per cent copper, or a    total   of    10,  900,000 tons with   an average value  of 1.75 per cent copper and an   esli  mated value of .20 per ton   in   gold  and silver.  On the strength of these developments the company recommends  the installation of a flotation plant  with a daily capacity of 2000 tons  of ore, at which rate of extraction  the property would have a life of at  least fifteen years without developing any more ore reserves.  This ore has been p.oven up by  78,000 feet of diamond drilling and  30,000 feet of trenching up to November I.  1015.  In view of the fact that the company owns 735 acres of mineral  ground and that three diamond  drills are at present in operation on  the same, it appears that the above  ore reserves will be materially added  to and that Canada Copper will en  ter the ranks of the low cost producing   porphyry    mines  within    a  year or so.  '  That the property is a meritorious one is evidenced by the fact  that the Canadian Pacific Railway  company's engineers, who- have  kept'in close touch with the development of Copper mountain, have  assured themselves  of   the   advisa-  ���������The Bird's Christmas Carol," by  Kate D Wig-gin, is the chief attraction on the program of the Baptist  Sunday school Christmas tree enter-  ainment, Tuesday evening next,  and, judging by the spirit of enthusiasm and tho fun the yount; folks  are having in the work of prepara-"  tion, the presentation of.-this beautiful story will be an enjoyable affair  for both young and old. Appropriate choru-e.-i and recitations will also  be on the piogram, and tbe arrival  of Old Santa Glaus, sometime dining the evening, is expected. The  cast of Carol characters -is as fol  lows:  Carol Bird  Rose Peterson  Mr. Bird .Abram Mooyboer  Mrs   Ruggles   Gweneth GrtffVth  Sarah Maud Viola Pell  Peter Etrl King  Susan Ltoiia  Reid  Corneiina George Cooper  Kitty    Veryl Sleeves  Peoria Connie Burdon  Clement Morley Miller  Eily Grace Brail J  Baby Larry Willie Hennigerj  Uncle Jack Alva Cooper!  Hugh Bird Peter Peterson1  Elfrida, the maid  Doris Burdon  Act 1, Sence 1���������Carol's room in  the Bird home. Carol reads letter  from Uncle Jack. Scaue 2���������The  same. Planning for Christmas. Carol  and Uncle Jack. Scene 3���������The same  Planning for Christmas. Carol and  her parents.  Act 2, Scene 1���������The Ruggles'  kitchen. The invitation accepted  Dressing for the grand occasion.  Scene-2 ��������� Rehearsal for the party.  Scene .'J ���������Carol's room. The great  event come oil'. Scene -1���������Tbe  same. Mother and daughter. Listening to the Christmas carols.  On Tuesday -morning, the J. W.  Graham & Co. vegetable evaporat-  I ing plant in the cannery building in  this city "blew in" for ihe first  time, and has been in operation ever  since, and will be kept running constantly for a number of months, or  until about two thousand tons of  potatoes and other vegetables have  been treated by this process. The  plant here is under the management  ol Mr, Eokles, who has had considerable experience in this work in  the east. The company is operating a number of similar plants in  other sections of British Columbia.  Large numbers of inlet ested citizens  have visited the local plant during  the week.  The evaporator resembles the  Granby smelter in one n spect���������it is  kept running twenty four hours per  day. Two shifts are worked, requiring the employment of about  (ifty hands. It is expected that  when everything gets to working  smoothly, the plant here will be  able to treat 500 or COO tons every  twenty four hours. Up to tho pres  ent time nothing but carrots have  been put through the evaporator.  The process is extremely simple.  The vegetables ' are cleaned "and  sliced by machinery. Then they  are placed on fine sieve like trays  and put in kilns to dry thoroughly.  It is claimed that nothing but the  water is taken out of them, and that  when water is added, when they are  to be used, they are as palatable as  ihe fresh article. Tbe vegetables  being evaporated here will be used  to fill contracts for tbe Bntiob and  Trend armies.  The advantages of the process  ovt r the raw material for shipping  purposes are self-evident The pro  duct is not affected by heat or cold;  it can be kept for a number of years  without deterioration; it is lighter  and reduces liansportauon charges  materially, and it greatly reduces  the storage iomi required.  Manager Eekhs is of the opinion  that a good domestic trade could  be worked up for this product, as it  would give the people practicallv  fresh vegetables at times of the year  when they are out of the market.  Tbe process is not n new invention, as some people appear lo  think it has been successfully  worked in Europe for years  Mr. Nye arrived ,in the city from  Mexico last week and enlisted in  the Independent Company of Rifles.  Mr. Nye is nearly, tall enough to  make two bantam soldiers. When  standing erect, the top of his head is  6 feet 3^- inches from the ground.  When he left Mexico he had $250  of Mexican papea money. For this  huge sum he received S3.50 of  American money.  The Christmas entertainment of  Knox Presbyterian ' Sunday school  will be held in the Empress theatre  Wednesday. December 22. Admission 25c, the scholars of the school  free. A good program will be given  by the children. The children, in-  clud ng the [numbers' of the cradle  roll, are asked to brine donations,  such as food, clothing or toys, for  the Alexandra orphanage, Vancouver.  Next week and the week follow  log the weekly market will *>p held  on Thursdays instead of Saturdays.  Hereafter the market will be held in  the Pocock building on Second  street, between Bridge street and  Winnipeg avenue.  .The children of the Methodist  Sunday sehool are busy practising  on their Christmas cantata, "Foxy  Santa," to be given the week follow  ing .Christmas. Thev are being assisted by members of the senior and  junior choirs, and everything points  to it being one of the best ever  given by the school.  The GranrL Forks Farmers institute held a well attended -meeting  in the rooms of the board of trade  oti Saturday evening last. The prin  cipal business transacted was the  taking of orders for government  seed. The annual meeting of the  institute will he held on the 29th  instant.  Mr. and Mrs, IT. ,C. Kerman visited Spokane for a few days this  week.  Private   Jesse   Brewer, who   was  severely   wounded while fighting in  Flanders and invalided   home  after  an   honorable   discharge   from   the  service, left   for Nelson   last   Saturday.     After a few   days,'  visit   with  friends   in   tnat city, he will return  to England, where he will   be  compelled   to submit another operation.  The committee of the   machine gun  fund presented him   with   the   sum  necessary to defray his expenses, as a  slight recognition of his services   lo  the empire.  At the Presbyterian   church   next  Sabbath, December 19, at  the even-  At the Trail poultry .show, held last  Friday and Saturday, exhibitors from  Grand Forks secured the following  prizes:  A. D Morrison ���������R.C. II. I. Reds.  1st cock, 2nd hen, 2nd and Ith pullet, 2nd pen.  W. Liddicoat���������Black Orpingtons,  1st cock, 3rd hen, 1st and 2nd cockerel, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet, 2nd and  3rd pen; S. L. Wyandottes, 1st cockerel, 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet, 1st pen.  The Silver Laced pullets won three  specials,including best pullet in show;  the pen, the best pen A O. V. Wyandottes. Pyle Bantams, 2nd cockerel,  3rd pullet.  J. T. Lawrence���������S.C.   Black   Minorcas,    2nd    cock. 2nd   and  1st, 2nd   and   3rd    cockerel  and   3rd    pullet,  1st   and  Special, best pen Minorcas.  O. O. Dunn--Bun" Orpingtons, 1st  cockerel, 1st. 2nd and 3rd pullet, 1st  pen. Cockere  Mayor Gaw and Aid. Bickerton,  Bontnrbn, Donaldson and Manly  were present at the regular meeting  of the city council on Monday-evening.  A delegation of 'ranchers, headed  by J. T. Lawrence, as spokesman,  was present, and asked that the  council secure the Pocock building  on Second street for a city market,  and that the city pay the rent and  the cost of maintaining the same.  On motion of Aid. Manly, the council agreed to pay half the rent and  half the expense of maintenance.  Health Gffieer Kingston reported  that a :iian named Johnson, who  was suffering from typhoid fever,  had been admitted' to the Grand  Forks hospital.  A communication from the board  of license commissioners recommended that the council draft and  pass a new bylaw for the regulation  of tbs liquor traflic. Aid. Bickerton  spoke in favor of a new bylaw, as  the present one had been amended  so many times that it was difficult  to interpret it.  The report of the city clerk was  received.  The'liccounts for the past month  were ordered to be paid.  The chairman of the board of  works reported that the city team  was at present employed on the  fill across the North Fork, and that  a new set of harness was needed for  the team. The committee was authorized to purchase the harness.  The chairman of the health and  relief committee reported that applications for assistance had increased during the past few weeks.  Coasting on the sidewalks and on  the streets in the business section,  he thought, should be hrohibited,  and notice to this effect should be  printed in the local papers.  Aid. Bickerton gave notice that  at the next meeting he would ask  leave to introduce a bylaw for the  regulation of the liquor traflic.  S OFFICERS  ��������� >m hen.  , U. 2nd  3rd    pen.  The annual meeting of the Grand  Forks Agricultural association was  heKI in the board of trade rooms on  Thursday evening. The attendance  j of members was very large. The  election of officers and the reading  of the annual financial statement  constituted the bulk of the business  transacted. The retiring officers  were highly eulogized by a number  of speakers for the splendid success  of the hist annual fair.  The oflicers elected are: President, R. J. Gardner; vice-president,  E. F. Laws; secretary-treasurer, V.  R. S. Barlee; directors, Dr. Acres.  \V\ M; DeCew, A. S. McKim, C. V.  Heaven, It. A. C. Baker, J. T. Lawrence, T. Synies, Thomas Powers.  Honorary officers: President, Hon.  Martin Burrell; first vice-president.  Hon. W. J. Bowser; second vice-  president,    A. C.   Flumerfelt; third  ing service, the pastor will   preach a 'colored bird in show  vice-president,   C. E. Tisdall; fourth  peciul, for best golden j vice president, LorneCampbell; fifth  vice president, Ernest Miller. THE    SUJSr,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  me  Strictly  Many  .-��������� :  Manitoba   Game   Laws   Being  Enforced     This    Year  and  Convictions     Have     Resulted  From   Infractions  of   Lav/  l-'rom information obtained from Mr.  Charles Barber, chief: game guardian,  it appears that his office lias taken on  a new lease of life.   Until n.nite recently,  tlic question  of-protection  of the.  wild life of the province of Manitoba  has received little.or, no attention and  10 the sportsmen of the province the  rapid    depletion was ho evident that  strong representations  were made  to  the present government, with a view to  remedying this very undesirable state  of affairs-  A number of paid game guardians  were engaged early in September on a  temporary basis. First, it was thought  that these men would only be required  lor a few weeks, butsince.their reports  have been coming in and since the  sportsmen of. the province have been  taking an interest in the matter,. so  many flagrant breaches of the act  have been disclosed that it seems necessary that they should be continued, in  otfice until after the big game season.  Game guardians have been located  in all the principal game districts in  the province, witli headquarters as  follows: Brandon, dealing with middle  western .Manitoba; Killarney, dealing  with sold hern Manitoba; Plum Coluee,  dealing with south-eastern Manitoba:  Tculon, dealing with the district between Lakes Winnipeg and Manitoba;  and at Dauphin, dealing with northwestern Manitoba. Under the control  of the Dauphin .office, there are  game guardians? operating through the  north-western district. At, Winnipeg, a  very .close watch is kept on the city  sportsmen, inspectors being located at  each of the stations for tne purpose of  checking up their bags and to" see that  they have licenses and, in addition, i  there are iwo or three game guardians '  who arc kept on hand to send out to  investigate special cases.  More convictions'have been obtained  this year than in any previous year  and a general awakening of the public  is taking place: with regard to the  question of game protection. The hearty co-operation of the railway companies and the express companies has  been obtained, and, generally speaking, machinery has been set in motion  which should have the. very best of results.'; . '.-.'." ,.'...  The gratifying feature in connection  with the matter is the hearty support  that is being obtained from the sportsmen of the province. .Many men who  have been careless about obtaining  ^permits and as to whether or not they  exceeded the bag limits have had a  very rude awakening, as the magistrates and justices of the peace have  been instructed by the attorney-general's department to impose exemplary  fines and to confiscate the gun or rifle  of anyone convicted. Tiie confiscation  features of the penalty has a greater  determined effect than the imposition  of the fine, as the average man is attached to ins weapon and feels keenly  its loss. One clause in the Game Act  that has been greatly neglected in'the'  country districts is the obtaining of a  game license. Anyone who goes shooting, with the exception of a resident  farmer, must he provided with a license aud numerous lines have been imposed already this year on residents of  towns and Villages, who have gone  shooting without taking this precaution. Hunuay shooting has gut to be  stopped and the fines which have been  imposed for this infraction of the act  have certainly been of a sufficiently  .severe nature to insure that the same  man will not be caught a second time.  Mr. Barber has evolved a system  whereby he keeps his men moving  from place to place, as he considers  .that a game warden should not. be too  well known and should not be kept too  near his own home town. Tho best  results are obtained when Ihe game  guardian is a stranger and has no  friends hi his district.  Mr. iiarbdr says thai, t.he object of  the department is not to obtain convictions, but to prevent infractions and  he wishes to give the utmost publicity to the fact that his department  i.-'active and to warn sportsmen, first  of all, nut to commit infraction,; of the  act. and, in I lie next  they are very likely  pay a heavy penalty.  The following is a lis-!, of the convictions that have been secured and the  penalties lh"'- have been imposed since  the tilth of September, and, at the  present time, some V2 or Ifi cases are  in   progress.  Itefore Magistral;; Marshall, Portage  la Prairie, Man., Sept. 12th, a fine of  S20 and costs was imposed for shooting wild ducks on Sunday, shooting  without a license, and during closed  season  Before Magistrate Pal four, Carbcrry,  Man., on Sept. 2,Srd, a fine of $40 and  costs for shooting moose out of season,  was imposed.  Before Magistrate TJonnycastle, at  Winnipeg, Sept.. ^:!rd. a fine, of S10 and  costs for shooting without a license,  was imposed.  Before Magistrate Bonnyca-tle, at  Winnipeg, Sept. 2r������tb. a fine of $10 and  costs for shooting without a license,  was Imposed.  Before   Magistrate  Winnipeg, Sept. 29th,  costs  for shooting without  was imposed.  .Before Magistrate C .('. fiaker  Bonnycaslle  t'f  i fine of lj>20 and  a  license  Optimists Wanted  Gi  .Man.. Oct. 4th, two flues  for hunting and killing  closed season, were im-  berl Plains,  of .$23 each  deer during-  posed.  Before Magistrate' W. C.Balfour of.  Carberry, Man., Oct. 5th, a line of $10  and costs for shooting without a license, was imposed.  Before Magistrate Robert Rae, Hob-  lin, Man., Oct. 5th, a fine of��������� $25 and  costs was imposed for having moose  meat in his possession.  Before Magistrate Robert Rae, Rob-'  lin, ?v!an., Oct. f>th, a fine of ,$10 and  costs   was   imposed   for   selling   deer  meat last January and February.  Before Magistrate McDonald in the  provincial police'court, 'Winnipeg, a  fine of $20, and costs for shooting  ducks in closed season was imposed.  Before'' Magistrate Bonnycastle at  Winnipeg, Oct. 7th, -a fine of>S50 and  costs was. imposed for shooting prairie  chicken during closed season.  A glance at these tines already imposed upon offenders of the Manitoba  game laws, should be sufficient to indicate to even the most casual observer, t.he sincere desire of the Manitoba  government to adequately protect '..all..  game animals and birds, useful to the  people of Manitoba.       ...,-���������  it is very desirable andnseessary,  that we always have an abundant supply of wild game, but without the closest watch for offenders and severe punishment of offenses, our game would  be  rapidly  killed    off    entirely.  Lax  tame laws and improper punishment  of offenses  lias  resulted  in a closed  j season being imposed on sport lovers,  ��������� in many of the states to the south, the  j entire,  year  round,   while  game  pre-  five i serves are maintained at, great cost in-  an effort to restock the. old-haunts of  the game animals and birds.   This is  the result of greed on the pait or a  few.    It would  be nothing less than  criminal  that such conditions should  ever exist in Manitoba, but-without the  co-operation of all hunters, even  the  most rigid ami energetic prosecutions  will  not be  sufficient protection.  Treatment For Barb-Wire. Injuries  After a'��������� barb-wire accident, do not  apply, axle grease or any rancid ointment to the wound. Wash the wound  thoroughly with warm water. Then  clip the hair as close ; as possible  around it, and wash again to remove  any hair or other foreign substance.  -When'sand.or'hair, has lodged in the  depths of a deep cut, never use a wet  sponge to clean it out- Use a. piece  of absorbent cotton or cotton.batting.  There will be much less risk of infection. It will be useless to put  stitches in -a wound -that is very deep  or ragged, or that is located in a  place not in perfect rest when the  animal is making natural movements.  Dry dusting powder has a healing effect on barb-wire wounds and other  large, moist .cuts and abrasions. Such  a powder may be prepared cheaply  by mixing together .equal-, parts of  slaked lime, sulphur and charcoal.  Prevent lockjaw dangers in nail  wounds of the hoof by opening them  up freely, which provides drainage for  serum and pus. Saturate Avith a solution of corrosive sublimate and Water  in the proportion of 1 to. 500. Cover  with dusting powder, absorbent cotton and a bandage. This treatment  should be repeated daily until the  wound is healed.  Cannot be too Much Optimism in Can-  ; ada, and  Evary  Bit is  Fully  j Justified  j     There     is   reported   from   the   New  .York. Stock 'Exchange a    regular epi-  jdemic of buying, the    orders coming  (from all over the country.    The stock  j exchanges  are  generally accepted  as  : the     best:    possible    barometers    by  Avhich to gauge trade conditions, and  adopting that standard the news-'from  New  York is  decidedly welcome.     It  is lo be hoped that the epidemic will  prove  infectious,    ami'will  travel  to  ..this country as quickly and as widely  as possible.  Mere.in Canada there has certainly  been a revival of trade actiAify during  recent months, and.Avhen it comes to  a head it may sweep the manufacturers, .the.wholesalers, and the retailers,  and filially the consumers, into a  great Avave of prosperity. Jt will not  be merely a question of meeting the  increased demand for all lines of  goods, but of building up stocks that  ha\-e been allowed to: become depleted to a great extent. The factories,  apart from those engaged.in the manufacture of munitions 61: war, have  Plenty of "vacant'-space and the ware-  nouses of the wholesalers are in the  same condition, and so are the shelves  oi' the retailers. When the revival in  trade demands sets the Wheels of  prosperity turning again, -they, will  hum more briskly because of the fact  that there are. such extensive arrears  to be made.  in the present circumstances if is  the plain duty of everyone avIio can  influence public opinion directly or indirectly to preach optimism.' There  cannot lie too much optimism inthe  country just iioav, and every bit of it  is. fully-justified.���������Montreal News.  Aim of Russians is Berlin  Large  Incomes  Rare  in Sweden  It appears from the returns of the  tax  commissioners  that  there  are  in  Sweden 800,000 persons out of.5,GS9.-  000   population    whose    income    exceeds GO cents a day.  Most of tbe  people  farmers  or  fishermen,  live on the food  they  and  need use money  ing and a few articles  coffee, kerosene and  There are    fewer    millionaires    in  in Sweden arc  who largely  groAv or catch,  only for cloth-  such as sugar,  tobacco.  millionaires  place, if they do,  lo lie caught and  Sweden than in any other country in  Europe, except possibly Nonvay.  There are only G!)S persons with incomes over $21,440 a year and scarce--  iy 5,000 whose income exceeds $100  a week. There are 250.000 who earn  $214 to $211 a year, and 280,000 who  earn $211 to $'-!75 a year.- Rut. 40,000  people are above the $l,ui)0-a-ycar  mark.  The income of the Swedish gnvern-  liicut in 11M-I- was $.t.-i!i,���������������()(),000, and it  was estimated for 1915 at $1511,000.-  000, but the first, six months of the  present year brought in only $72,000,-  000. a decrease of nearly $:���������;,000,(100  from the same period last  year.  Irish   Home  Rule  Postponed  An order-in-coiucil has postponed  the Welsh -Disestablishment act and  the Home- Rule act in the following  terms:  "If at the end of tAvelve months  from, the date of the passing of the  said acts the present war is not  ended:     -  "No. steps shall-be taken to put the  Government of Ireland Act, 1014, into  operation until the expiration i. f  eighteen months from the "nato of the  passing of that act unless the present Avar has previously ended, nor  if: at: the, expiration/, of, those eighteen  months the present Avar has hot ended until such later date, .not being-  later than the end of the present Avar,  us may hereafter be fixed by order-in-  counc.il.  "The date of disestablishment ;���������.-:-  der the Welsh Church act, 1014. shall  be postponed until the end of the  present Avar."  SPRUCE AND PINE TREES  FOR FARM PLANTING  Supplied Under Special Conditions by  Forest Nursery at Indian Head  The Dominion government's forest  nursery at Indian Head is now distributing evergreen such as spruce and pine  for farming under special conditions.  The distribution is confined entirely to  farm planting and no stock of'-any  kind is supplied for planting on town  or city lots. Applicants must be bona  fide oAvners of farms. Those who-desire to learn further regarding the"opportunity to secure .evergreens." should  communicate with the Forest Nursery  Station, Tndian Head, Sask.  The Messenger Boy  The self-made man stalked into tho  office of a great financier with whom;  he had an appointment.  "You probably don't remember me,"  he began, "but twenty years ago. when  I -was a poor messenger boy, you gave  me a message to carry���������"  "Yes,  ves!  cried    the    financier.  ������������������Where's" the ansAver?"  ilaAvker���������Buy a floAver, sir? j  Bi'.-".">n - No, thanks. I  Hawker���������Buy one for your wife, sir. I  Billion���������Haven't one. !  Hawker���������For your sweothsart, then, j  Billion���������Haven't one either. I  Jlawkei���������Well, buy one to celebrate j  your luck. I  Royal Economy  The strict economy Avhich the British king and queen have exercised  in the royal household as an example  to the nation since the Avar began is no  new thing in the present dynasty.  Queen Victoria Avns more extravagant  in the royal menage than either her  son. King" Kdwnrd, or her grandson,  King George. When the late king came  to the throne, he found things carried  on in so lavish a manner that, he called  in Lord I'arquhar to-, go thoroughly  into every unnecessary item of expenditure "and cut it doAvn. He thus  ���������.���������a'ved main- thousands a year. One  of King F.d'ward's earlier orders was,  "No servants to wait on servants."  City Boarder���������I suppose you're up  with the lurk?  Farmer���������Before (hat. I have lo git  the hired  man  up with  the lark.  Jones���������-That seedy looking individual is Professor Ragtag. He is working  on a scheme thai, will make him rich  if he can perfect it.  Smith���������What is the. scheme?  Jones���������A plan to enable outsiders to  make money in Wall street.'  Johnnie Webbs was regarded as the  toAvn simpleton, but occasionally lie  was gifted with a flash of keenest repartee, as a. caty visitor discovered to  his discomfiture- "What part, do you  perform in the great drama, of life?"  lie asked.  "[ mind my own business," replied  Mr. Wobbs.  Will    NoL  be   Content   With    Driving  Enemy Out cf Russia  The interviews with Alexei Khvos-  toff, the new minister of the interior  for Russia, did not announce his program, but quoted -a number of interesting and epigrammatic statements r,s  to his attitude on various questions.  His appointment was due, he thinks, to  his recent jJuma speech about the excess of German influence in Russian  economic life. Reforms are necessary,  but their execution must be postponed  until after, the Avar.- The prime necessity for the moment is a strong and  authoritative government. All efforts  must bo devoted to securing victory,  and victory means not only driving  the enemy out of Russia; "our aim is  Berlin," says i^l- Khvostoff.  The work of the Zemstvo aiia mnnK  cipal unio���������s must be encouraged'in  every way. The. recent congresses in  Moscow did excellently - when they  swerved from their functions Avhen  they raised questions of general politics. They; must not be punished,  hoAveA-er, for this slight error. The  help of .the unions is especially necessary in the "campaign against the abnormal rise-in prices, Avhich is due to  speculation and disorganization. This  campaign must be the first care of ���������  the ministry of the interior.  "Without a duma, political life in  Russia is unthinkable, saysi"M. Khvostoff, but there is no need to summon  the duma before November. No undue restrictions must be placed oh  the ;<ress; the idea of a pre\:'entalive  censorship is absurd; it is as great r.n  anarchonism as the restoration of  serfdom would be.  Strong measures must, be taken  against "German .dominance in Russian public life and the best Ava'y to  combat the influence of German capital is by organizing Russian'workmen on national principles.  The steps already tak-.i by Prince  Choratoi'f to extend" the rights.of the  Joavs must be followed- The only restriction that .should lie maintained  with regard to Jews after the Avar is  the prohibition of the purchase of real  estate.    -  Wintering' Vegetables  How to Keep Garden Products in Good  Condition  Through  the -Whiter-; ;;;*���������:  --,- -������i.--.-���������- .....,.-. vs.:.:-:l;_. .'Months' ������������������--������������������:-,- .v.::,--:^.^:..-.:  It is often a problem to know how  to keep our -winter-, vegetables after  we have grown them. The outside  root cellar is the best for many ..:;  them.. Cabbage needs to be kept just  above freezing point and in open  crates. If kept in a warm cellar and  packed, closely they will not. Turnips  and potatoes both keep best in a  pla'ce just"-'abovd freezing. While  pumpkin and squash need a warm,  dry place, a temperature of fifty or  more is good for these vegetables. It  is better that they should not touch  each other. Th" shells of pTmipkins  and squash continue to harden, and  the harder they are the better they  keep. The; softer shelled squashes  and pumpkins should be used first, as  they will soon upoil if kept. Onions  keep best spread out in layers'or open  crates Avhcre they may have free air'  circulation, dryland moderately warm-  is the -requirement of the onion for  good keeping.  Celery should be lifted with a share  of the roo: en it and Avith the earth  still clinging tp it. It may be packed  in boxes, with the earth tight about it:  Celery should be kept out as long as  it caii b.o kept from freezing, and the  necessity of this vegetable is a cool  storage. A temperature of forty-five  degrees is disastrous. Thirty-five to  forty degrees are allOAvablo for the  best keeping of celery. A box may be  turned over to keep the tops from  wilting, or wet blankets may be hung  near b3". Celery thus treated begins  to grarw in two or three Avesks forming new stalks at the heart while the  outside ones decay.  Salsify, parsnips, carrots aud heels  all-need storing in sand or soil, and  parsnips are much better flavored in  the spring than they are in t.he winter. Spring seems Ihe proper time  to use parsnips, and in many places  these can be kept in the ground, by  being protected.  Unneutral Cards Barred  From United States Mails  Labels Bearing the Words  "Gott Strafe  England" Are  Non-mailabEe  PoHtmas.ter-.Generar.Buieson.lias i&-  sued :ui order excluding from the  United States mails postcards and envelopes regarded as of unneutral character. The order specifically includes  cards and envelopes to. Avhich labels  have been applied bearing the Avords.-  "Gott Strafe ICngland," and pictures  denunciatory of-.'Germany's sinking of  the Lusitania. The postmaster-general's order was as follows:  "Postmasters are directed to treat  as uon-maihtbie envelopes, jiostcards  and so forth bearing stickers containing the words'or having printed on.  them the wonis."Gott Strafe England,"  or a picture of the German escutcheon  Avith a red biot labelled "JLusitania,"  inscribed as being not only imneutrai,  but calculated to reflect upon certain  classes or persons."  Jt was said at tire postoffice department that postcards and envelopes ot  the, character described had been,  found in big cities by postmasters and  post office inspectors, and that the  questipji as to their mailable character  had been referred to the department.  An examination of tiie postal ".laws  and regulations was made- with- a view  lo"determming whether"the mailing of  such, envelopes and postcards could  be prohibited. In issiiinj his order, the  postmaster-general acted in accordance wtih the decision reached recently that;:the mailing of postcards or  photos of the lynching of Leo M.  Frank, near Marietta, Ga., should be  prohibited'as immoral and likely to  inflaiuj the- passions of certain 'people-  ���������-���������.-   The Farmer's Wife  "Any   rattlesnakes around   here  "What's your business?" asked  bov with the big straw hat.  "What has that lo do with it?"  "Weil  the  last  man    av!io    loo  around here for summer board as  me  a   lot o'  questions  like  that,  when 1 told him there wasn't any  tlesnakes or mosquitoes or anyth  tie  said he  Avas  a  natural hi.  an*  guessed the place wouldn't suit hi  Average   Farmer   Does   Not  Think   of  Providing Conveniences That Will  Lessen Her Work  In the last 20 or 30.'.'years', the development of/the. farm lias changed  so that high priced machinery is a  necessity, in making the fanning  operations a success.      ;; > ...-���������;  :; Not so havt tiie internal borne conditions changed. The same bouse, the  same incon've'nienc'es that"were in use  50 or more years ago. are���������: in many  cases,: in; use Today,; and; because .they  Jwe'r.e.'i'.gqp.^  grandmother, they are "good enough  for my*Ayife todaj " .'-low little does  the average farmer rea'ize that the  ultimate-^aiccess of his farm depends  upon his wife,: upon the conveniences  she has which" will lessen ��������� her 'Svorlr,  and give her more time to make, tlic.  home attractive, and keep, the children contented and happy 'on' -the  farm. 'A Avife is a necessity on a  farm, but unless she is spared much  of the hard drudgery and- uimeces-  ary labor she. will soon .'give out  Dr. Curtis says in speaking of the  "Farm Wife": "The work she: does  today she Avill do tomorrow and sc  on to the end. There is no direct reward for her work, if the- A\-ork is  uninteresting the hours rmis!. be pro-  pprtionately short, for the life of the  spirit, the"only life that is worth living, must come outside the ��������� work."  'the greatest interest and recreation must come through the family,  and if the. possibilities of the home  make it so, the wife vcau manage to  give a few minutes each day to some  instructive reading, and a little study  of the conditions under vdu'cb she  works and Iioav best to remedy them.  Occasional visits to friends and  neighbors, or to some community  centre, membership in a club, visiting and taking an interest in tbe  rural school, all these add to the  liveableness of life. Some regular organized game hour avcuM do much  to help in the spirit of living, as well  as tend to keep one in better physical condition, play Avith one's husband  and children brings one to the realization of much that is of pleasure and  value.  tlic  'ked  ;ked  _.n' i  rat- '  ir.g.  he  m."  Little Willie, whose people are not  very strict churchgoers, went to a  now school, and the other boys cross-  examined him, as boys will.  "What church do you go  demanded-  "Well," answered Willie,  go  to  any  church     much.  Church of England is the  away from."  to?"  "i  but  one I  they  don't  the  s t a y  Captured a Fire-Protector  One of the German liquid lire projectors���������the so-called flam men werper  ���������such as were used against our  troops at Jlooge, was quickly captured-  On inspection, if appears to be.u metal  box. Avorn on the back iiko a haversack, Avith a length of piping,.through  which the inflammable material, apparently a mixture of coaltar, is squirted. Near the nozzle of tho lube is a.  pressure-gauge, and in the nozzle a  kind of wick, in which, when the apparatus is ready for use. a fierce flame-  is kept burning by means of a chemical to ignite the coaltar preparation.  rfs if issues forth from the tank under,  high pressure. The apparatus. Avhiclv  is being examined by tite authorities,  is remarkably ingenious.  "1 suppose," said (he timid yonns  man. "when you recall what a hancf-  somc young fellow your first husband  was, you wouldn't consider ma for i  minute?"  "Oh, yes, I would," sweetly replied  the widow, "but not for a second-'  M  it  ,\  'J THE    SUN.    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  (-LOHStipatlOB  '!������ Growing Smaller Every Day*  CARTER'S LITTLE  OVER PILLS are  'responsible���������they not  drily give rclicf-  -.(heypctmanentl  ture Constipation.    Millions use  ���������ihem (or ,  Bilious*  ness, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skitu  Small PilL Small  Dose, Small Priccc  Genuine must bear Signature  ussian  C^z  w  SPECIALTIES  i Wc have been making matches  ; for 64 years  now���������Domestic  'and every other kind.  . Some of our specialties are  "THE GASLIGHTER" with  a 41 inch stick-'THE EDDY-  STONE TORCH" for outdoor use���������"WAX VESTAS"  for   the   smoker,   and   other.  i varieties.  For   home   use    the   most  I popular match is the"SILDNT  5," but for every use  BUY  FREETOALL-SUFFEI  HjroufcaroUT nfSORlVWJN DOWN" 'COT thoULUKS'  lUFFER from K1UHKV, bt.ADUKR. NKKVOL'S OISEASKS,  CHRONIC WEAKNESS.'JI.CKKS.SKIN KRlrf r[0������S,P!I.ES.  write for FREE ci.oTit hc>i:no mkdica(.-uook on  ifatis dUci^e* aii'l \vosfji;RFur. cur.ss effcclBii Uy  THENEWFRENCH REMEDY, N.1K.2rt,3  thoremeJr for YOCR o������'s nilmruc. Absolutely FREE  No 'follow up circulars. No obligations. I)������. LuC'.Ki.c  WEaCO.IlAVEKSrOCKRD.llAMPSTKAl) I.ONllO.N.EN(i.  WJt  WANT  TO   PROVE   IltERAI'lOS  W11.I. CKRt  VOW.  AGENTS  Wanted in every town anil', village,  to take orders for' the best Made-to-  Measuro    Clothing in  Canada.    Good  commissions.    Magnificent Samples.  CROWN.TAILORING CO.,  Canada's Best Tailors, Toronto.  LOSSES   SURELY PREVENTED  by   Culler's   Blackleg   Pills.     Low-  priced.- frcsli. telicblu: preferred by  AVosietn stockmen because they protect   where    other   vaccines    fail.  Write for booklet aud testimonials..  10-doso pkgo. Blackleg Pills SI.00  50-doso pkflc. Blackleg Pills   4.00  Use any Injector. Imt Cutter's ��������� best;  Tha superiority or Cutter products Is due to over   tu  jturs of sijecialipiinff In vaccines and serums only.  Insist on Cutter's.    If unobtainable, order direct.  THE   CUTTER   LAGORATORY,   Berkeley,��������� California.  ��������� Supplementary Feed for Hog:: ;  The most suitable supplementary  ieed to corn for fattening hogs seems  to depend on several variable factors.  Oil meal, cold pressed cottonseed  ���������cake, and uinkage rank close togetller  in the profits secured in nearly all  tests. In some tests these by-products give faster gains and more profit  than corn and alfalfa, and in other  tests the reverse is true. The physical condition of tho hogs as influenced  iy -weather and other factors seems  to determine whether alfalfa hay. or  such a by-product as those just mentioned is the most profitable to feed  ���������with corn for fattening hogs.  No   Barbers  Are  Wanted   Where  the  Member's Meet  Tho Petrograd correspondent ot the  London Daily Mail sends an interesting account of the memorable opening  session of the Duma on August 1, the  anniversary of the outbreak of the  war, in Avhich he, describes the Russian parliamentary body-  vriie legislative chamber, he says, is  in shape like tho French chamber of  deputies.    ,  ."Imagine a. large, oblong hall," the  correspondent continues. "In the middle ofthe side .which faces you as you  enter is the president's dais. Here he  sits, raised above everyone else-, with'  a vice-president on'either-side of him.  Below him is the platform for the orator Avho is addressing the house. No  members speaks from his place. He  goes to the tribune: Here lie is a little  above his audience, which makes  ���������speaking more easy, it also makes  him more easily'heard.  '���������The members''seats are arranged  in a semi-circle facing the president  and the speaker's platform- The floor  is slightly,'raked,', that is to say, it  slopes upward. Each member has a  seat of-his own. None has to stand, as  many of our members of parliament do  whenever there, is a big debate.  '"Duma." by the Avay, means literally not a talking-assembly (parliament)  but a council of thinkers, (from {loo-  mat,' to think). Do not think, ltow-  ever, that it is a more thoughtful body  than 'others" of-its kind. A glance  round at its members shows that they  are no different for the most part from  thos6 -Avho sit in public assemblies  "everywhere-else.; Only in one "outward'  aspect do they claim unique distinction. They must be quite'-the'hairiest  assembly in the world. There are bald  heads'-to be seen, but not nearly so.  many as at Westminster, for instance,  or in the Capitol at Washington, or in  the legislative palace over the Concord  bridge. The clean shaven can be  counted; there are not half a dozen'of  them. The greater number ot deputies' 'have beards as well as moustaches, and then there are also tho  priests with their long hair .flowing  from their heads about their shoulders, in. addition \p that, which issues  from'their'chins and'cheeks.  "Most of-these priestly members are  on the extreme right. Here sits the  party .which opposes all change. At  first sight the desks on this .quarter  appear to b?- occupied entirely by ecclesiastics. . They- look .very fine in  their cossacks of blue or gray or mill  berry silk, with gold or silver chains  round their necks and crosses on their  breasts. Most of .them are big men.  broad as well .'as tail, with a stolid dignity Avh i,ch seems to "defy./the world to  alter.-';;',---.-:------"------^---------------  "Yet it moves in spite of them. Tib a-:  is Mr. Rodzianko. president of th?.  Duma, burly himself,, more than com  mon tall,With a noble A'oicc and practised oratory, declaring in if is;, opening  discourse that not only have there  been 'changes in the ministry of late  but that the whole spirit of the administration has become different. --.',  "On his riglit sit.the ministers- Not  the same Avho Avers there Avhen'the  Duma.last ���������met.:-, The 'old gang' have  nearly all disappeared. For the blood  of one of that gang even the-National-  ists are'iiow.'..clamoring.: The Nationalists before the Avar had only, one  principle, Avliich was', that, the acts of  the 'old gang' .must be supported.  There are a new war minister, a iioav  home -'secretary, r neAV head of- tiie j  church, new ministers, of education, j  justice,  trade and  industry."   '   '        ' j  Ysu will find relief in Zam-Buk!  It eases the burning, stinging  pain, stops bleeding ami brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zail'-  Buk, meari3 cure. Why not prove  ihi������5 ? All Dnigr/ix.'a Kind Stores.���������  l,,'5> ' SOo box.  American  Harvest !  Best in History,  Grain Grades for Seed  For'Seed Purposes Reel Fife and Marquis   Wheat   Must'be   Kept  Separate ���������'  - Ai. order-in-counci] lias been issued  establishing certain- grades  of grain,  exclusively for seed purposes,.without  affecting the commercial grades lixed  under the Canada Grain Act.  The primary purpose of the order-  iu-eouncil is "to create a substantial  supply of Red Fife and Marquis  Avheaf, oats and six rowed barley that  is clean, of superior quality, and reasonably pure.'so that such graiu may  be made available to farmers, seed  merchants, or grain dealers who sell  seed at a'minimum-cost, the main"  object being the improvement af field  crops-"  The  .nomenclature     of   grades    of  grain'for acect  purposes  shall  follows, the.same having been revised  and approved  by tho chief inspector  of grain:  No. -1 Canada Western seed oats  shall be composed of [>"> per cent, of  white oats, sound, clean... and free  from noxious -weed seeds -within the  meaning of the Seed Control Act,  Aveighiug not' less than 00 pounds to  the bushel.  For seed purposes Red Fife and  Marquis. Avhcat shall be kept separate.  No grain shall be accepted for seed  Avhich Avill require a ;l'arge dockage to  clean.  Seed inspectors shall observe the  foregoing regulations in the grading of  gram for seed purposes. Nevertheless inasmuch as the operations of j  seed inspectors arc dependent upon j ene(t and  and follow after tiie operations of 1 Williams'  grain inspectors in res'peel; of the  j grain to be examined as to suitability  for seed purposes, tiie seed inspectors  ! Aviil remain subject to the approA'al of  the chief inspector of grain or his  deputy in-.-all. matters of procedure  arid prompt attendance to duties, and  for efficiency.-:.''and/accuracy of technical \vork done, seed inspectors shall  be responsible to the --'ministerof agri-  ciilture. ~ :'"'"������������������"'��������� '���������"'���������"������������������v"        : ' :     '  Government's   Crop   Reports   Indicate j  Record  Harvests in  All  I Directions j  j     American harvests this year will be j  I the mo.-i. valuable ever piodueed. Willi J  i the wheat  crop exceeding    a.    billion j  ��������� bushels, tb-'j largest ever produced  in ,  i ono season by any nation, and a corn  'crop which also may prove lo be ihe  largest ever grown, the government s  October crop report,    issued recently,  announced       preliminary-     estimates  svhich indicate record harvests of oats,  barley,  rye,  sweet potatoes,  rid",  tobacco and hay. -  Corn is still king of crops, with indications of 3,01'tJ.lfifl.OOO bushels.  While thai is ns,000,000 bushels below  the record of .1912, the final production  Avhen the harvest is finished and all  statistics compiled, may more than  make up the difference. '.The/higher  prices this year assure t.he most.valuable crop of corn ever grown.  Wheat prospects increased as the  growing season progressed, 'and tha  government's early season forecasts  moved up month.by .month, so that the  preliminary estimate of production was  placed at 1.002,029,000.  Oats will exceed the record crop of  1912 by almost 100.000,000 bushels-  Barley will exceed its record of  13,000.000 -bushels, SAveel potatoes by  5,000,000 bushels, rice by rioo.OOO  els and hav by 8,000.000 ions.  *&-~~)   Why  Canada Has Big Field  in Eastern  Siberia  he as ;Pale? Feeble  Weakness Generally Conies! ������Lfl���������  - o It i������^|     i> v. t K*i  on as Womanhood  Approaches  of Avonian-  ine in spite  How often  How Bookworms Are Tracked  To guard the million books in the  New York public library against the  ravages of: bookworms and other insects which feed upon the paper, the  glue on the backs, and the cloth and  leather bindings, a constant care is  exercised, ami a keen watch kept for  any evidence of their activities. One  woman is assigned exclusively to this  work. When treating the books she  wears a huge apron -which completely  covers her gown. A eheeseiioth veil  protects her face against the germs,  which lurk in the musty documents,  and even the air. she brsathes is  screened against contagion. Close  touch is kept. Avith the health department, and books that have been returned from infected areas are  fumi-  Minard's  gia-  Linirnent  Relieves  Neural-  A Ready Weapon Against Pain.���������  There is nothing equal to Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil when well rubbed in. It  penetrates the tissues aud pain disappears before it-- There is no known  preparation that will reach the spot  (pricker than this magic Oil. Hi consequence it ranks first among liniments  iioav offered  to  the public and is ne  gated  before  culation.  being  restored   to   cir-  corded first  pctitors.  place among all -it* com  f.!i������  Bank Cashier���������This  isn't, tilled in.  Madam���������Isn't wiial ?  Bank Cashier���������If has your  name signed to it  how much nioiioj  Madam���������Oh.  i:  take all there is.  c-fc.  -Funeral Pyres Lighted in England  A strange consequence'of the Avar  is that funeral pyres for Indian soldiers are being lighted on the Sussex  Downs in the south of England.  Major S. P. James. M 1)., the head |  of the Kitchener hospital at Brighton, j  which accommodates more than 2.000 j  fndia-u patients, stated at the Uoyal ���������.  Sanitary Institute congress that the i  bodies of the Hindu soldiers who die!  in the hospital are cremated on a j  specially prepared site at Palcham, i  on the Downs. |  Tho burning is done on a ��������� funeral'  pyre of wood logs, in precisely the  same manner and with the same ceremonies as thosa performed in India.  The cremation is conducted by a  member of the same caste as that to  which the dead man belonged.  In   order   to   prevent   the   different  castes  from  "losing caste"  eight different kinds of diet  have  to  be  pre-  nnulaiu, ( parotl, and there ave separate  '(cookhouse.-?   for   six   diJVcrent  ot men.  Teacher���������Yes, the ruler of Russia is  called.the Czar. Now, what is the ruler of Germany called?  Young Bill���������Please, - miss. T know  what mo. father called him, but I don't  like to tell you.  HARD~ON CHILDREN  When   Teacher   Has  the   Habit  Girls upon the threshold  hood often drift into a deel  of all care and attention,  one sees girls avIio have been strong  and lively become suddenly Aveak, depressed, irritable aud listless. It is  the dawn of womanhood���������a crisis in  the life of every girl���������and prompt  measures should be taken to keep the  blood pure and-,rich Avith the i't-d tint  of health. It the blood i-'i not healUiy  at this critical stage the body is weak-  grave disorders follow. Dr..  Pink Pills have saved thousands of young girls from what-might  have been life-long invalidism or an  early death. TUey"ars a blood-builder  or unequaled richness, strengthening  weak nerves and producing a liberal  supply of red, healthy bicoil Avhich  every girl needs to sustain her  strength. .'.Dr.-. Williams'-Pink Bills  have proved their great value over iimi  oyer again to young Avomen y.iiose  health was failing. Miss MiiinieDiif-  tield, J'Oramosa, Ont., says: "It gives  me great pleasure to tell you .what  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills have done for  me- When I Avas approaching the age  of'womanhood I suffered greatly from  bloodlessness, or anaemia. My Avork  AA-as a drag to me, I had no appetite  and never felt rested in the mornings.  I could scarcely walk for five minutes at a time without taking a rest.  I was troubled with severe headaches,  and things looked^ gloomy indeed. 1.  doctored for a long time and got hut  little, if any. benefit. I Avas advised lo  try Dr. Williams' Pink Pills, and did  so and after taking them for a time  felt better. I continued taking the  Pills until t had. used six boxes, when  I felt like a new person, and Avas  again enjoying splendid health. I  would strongly'advise any girl who is  weak or run down to trv Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills."  You  can get  these  pills    from  dealer in medicine or by mail  at  50  cents a. box or six boxes for ,*2.nn from  The     Dr.     Williams'    Medicine     Co..  Prockville, Out.  Former Canadian Trade Corninlssiener  Tells -Dominion' of   Future  Prospects  C.  P.  .hist,  former Canadian  trade  commissioner at  Hamburg,  speaks in  glowing terms of Eastern Siberia and  the opportunities awaiting Hie'Canadian-manufacturers.     !!o   'points   oat  [that Great Britain and Germany were  j the great contenders for this buslnes::,  msli- j and Germany is now eliminated. Western-manufacturers, .he thinks, should  especially- make an effort  to. securo  ome of the vast husinass.  When Avar broke out,/ Mr...lu::t. was  in   Ilambuig,   and     was   immediately  j made   prisoner.    After-seven 'months  lie, Aviih seven Ihifish con-  relea,s?d.'��������� On his'-arrival in  i icngland    he  found .instruction:',  from  j the Canadian government:    to   go    to  Pussia.  and   lie  has  had-.unusual  ad-  [ vantages in    observing    conditions in  j the Czar's empire.    He brings refrssh-  j ing information    that .throughout   Si-  ' beria    thsro    are    immense  training  camps   where sturdy  young Itussiaus  are being drilled and prepared for the  army.  "Russia." says  Mr.  inexhaustible    supply  upon, and can put  in   the   field.    All  .'Ius't. .  "has  an  of men to call  twenty million men  ���������he   is     lacking  is  equipment; ami 'this is being rapidly  remedied, for while I Avas in Japan 1  learned Unit the whole output of ihe  Japanese arsenals had tie (In placed at  the disposal of.'the Russians- Russians  have no misgivings whatever as to tiie  result-of the Avar. They see a great  victory in view, and are not alarmed  at the invasion of their territory by  Germans."  Warts on the-hands is a disfigurement that troubles many ladies. T-Ioll-  ���������oway's Corn Cure will remove the  blemishes Avithout pain.  "Thoroughbred" and "Purebred"  The two terms, "thoroughbred" and  "purebred," so 'often', confused, aiv,  strictly speaking, absolutely different-  "Purebred" (which, to be grammatically correct, should be "purely  bred") means just what the term,  implies; that is, of pure breeding, la  its general application it is used as  being  synonymous    with     the    term  "eligible for registration."  "Thoroughbred" is the name of J he  old   British  breed    of  racing  horses,  and is    never properly  other  class  of stock,  queutly used in error  any  pure-bred   animal.  stcr's dictionary recognizes this latter  use. but no well-informed and careful  writer or speaker makes the mistake  of using the AA-'ord "thoroughbred" in  any i place of "pure-bred."-   It is  tho name  of  a'breed   of    horses,  more.  ipplied to any  although     frc-  as applying lo  Kven     Vv ch  ain! nothing  Minard's  Etc.  Liniment     Cures   Burn:  "Best   is  best,   and   "nest   Avill  live"    When a -parson feels this  about Postum  they are glad  to  testimony-for the benefit of othc  A  school   teacher   Avrites:  ever  way  give  j be  ���������ii a coffee drinker  I hood, and the last few  ljured  me  seriously."  |about  !cause  since  years  I Tea  the same effects as coffee, be-  ihev   both   contain   the   drugs,  "I had  my child-  it had iu-  produeos  long  1910  in tl  ern  Some Crop  train of 40 foct cars, ::,22o miles  would be required to move the  grain crop of 5(57,000,000 bushels  le throe prairie provinces of West-  Canada- Divided into -10 cars in  each train. 10.070 locomotives would  be called into action to transport the  cars to market. The services of 58,-  850 trained engineers, firemen  men and .conductors would b<  sary. To move the 7.">,000,000  wheat crop of Manitoba alone would  require 75.000 car:; with a capacity of  1.000 bushels ouch, these car.-; with an  average length of -lo feet. fi>rnii.:g a  line f)i!S miles long���������a strin  would reach all the way from  brake-  necos-  |n the Hands of th: Workers  We have discovered that material  can only be overcome by material.  Courage, enthusiasm, the consciousness of a good and noble cnu;:e. are  useless without, an ample supply of  munitions. The freedom of I'hirope.  therefore. lk-s in the hands of 1113  workers of Groat liriiain, who have  the power to pile up for the allies an  mslicl ���������' lnimenst  -   i  store of guns and shell, and  ins to haslf-n the end of the awful  nightmare through which we are liv-  ing----i.onilou   Dailv   Kxi>r<'--s.  sets ot  ciassc.  OS t  nishaud's  but it does not state  you want,  that all?    u-������i;, ril  i caffeine and tannin).  ���������     "One cup of coffee taken at brcak-  i fast would cause -me to become so ner-  i vous that I could scarcely go through  I with   the   day's  duties,   and   this  ner-  ! voususss   was   often   accompanied   by, .  ,.,,.������ I nearly I l.oo" entire tram:-.-  ton to Winnipeg. If the i-rop  I Wc'sl was movv-d at one time.  I licavilv lo::ded cars would be !'���������  iie  War  Hits London Shocmakcro  Among the horrors of war from  which Ihe west end of London is suffering is a shortage of patent leather.  Not ordinary patent or japanned leather, which is turiicHl out in groat quantities in ling-land, and is employed in  the making of the cheaper kinds of  women's shoes and boots and men's  dancing pumps, but the superfine  leather which glitters on the feet of  persons avIio can afford to pay high  prices for their footwear.  This variety is made in Austria.  and only in one place, Avhare. owing  either lo the skiil of the people or the  peculiar properties of the. water, or Ihe  method of varnishing and drying  which is followed, the resultant leather is unique in ils gloss and durability.  deep depression   of spirits  ami  palpitation.  "I am a teacher by profession, and  when under the iulluence of coffee had  to .struggle against crossness when in  the school room.  "When talking this over with  physician, he suggested Hint I  Poslnni. so I purchased a package  mad.;   it.   carefully   according -to  reel ions;   found  and nourishing.  "In a short time I  ifylng effects.    My  peared.   1   was   not  pupils,  life   sci'inod  and tin- heart  troul  it excellent  ot  my  try  and  di-  flavor  noticed very grat-  ncrvou.suess disap-  irritated   by   my  full of sunshine,  tied me no longer.  in health  "Why arc you offering such a. thundering big reward for the return of  that, half starved looking animal'."'  "Simply  to  please  the  Avife."  "Goodness, but. such a reward will  surely bring it back, and then you  won't, half look' sick."  'Put, you see, 1 know it won't, I  drowned It myself.''  "I. attribute my chan;  spirits to Postum alone."  Name  given  by  Canadian  Co. Windsor,  Ont.  Postum comes in two forms:  Postum Cereal���������the original  must be well boiled. 1"  ages.  Instant Pcstum���������a soluble  dissolves quickly in a cup of  and, with creatii  and sugar,  delicious bevorago instantly.  r.Oc tins.  Both kind:; nro equally delie  cost about the same per cup.  "Thejv's a Reason" for Po.������  Postum  to rm  ( Tribune.  Asthma Doesn't Wear Off Alone.���������  i.)o not make the mistake of waiting  for asthma to wear away by its-clf.  ��������� While you ar.:- waiting the disease  , is .surely gathering a stronger foot hold  jand you live in danger of stronger and  j yet 'stronger attacks. Dr. J. L>. N'el-  ; iogg's Asthma- Remedy taken early,  i will prevent incipient condition from  i becoming chronic and  suvo.s  hours  of  ! awful  suffering.  j  '   j       Hun Copper Supplies Are Short  Tho German  minisiry lias announced  that  owing to n scarcity of copper j  all  chandelier mid  lighting  apparatus;  as  well  as   works of    art.    such    as I  statues, will )>'.' taken over j;y the gov- ���������  ern mem, .siiys an Amsterdam di.'ipatch  to the lO.vehange Telegraph Company.  Lighting    appliances not in daily use  will be taken first, but it is sintec  the govcruin: nt soon will have to  till the copper in Germany.  i    that  Rcuiembr-'r  {lint   dainpnc:;.-;  v.-  more  ���������Mmon-  ( fatal to piss than cold.    See  that  the  of   tllf  quarters ot  tlic  pigs ai";: dry  and that  ������8,sn;  the   hog  biiiidiiig  litis   propel  ventila-  quired,  tion to earn off the foul air.    .      ~  | That Or. Chase's Ointment  $ actually cures even the \vor.-7  cases of llchiiig, bleeding ami  proU'iiding piles ive know for ft  cei'taint.v. hccmi-e of cxport-  e:irf with   (liott.iur.ris  of  ca.'C:  To prove tlii.- to you v." shall  send Aon a .-atupie h<>\ five, if  you enclose :i l\vo-ce::t siiimji  to pay |)o������lagc. and mention  this paper.  KdinniiMin,     Kates    &     Co.,  .Limited,   Toronto. rt. <f~~i\M*4V.-J*<<~ f.J t������l  THE   SUN,   3RAND   FORKS,   B. C.  a. ffj >-    ' Donald saw the fire from his   home,  ritStmaS  I reSentS  and ran   down   and   shut   off   the  Let us help you pick that  Present you are going to  irive. We have a beauti-  ful line of  Gut Glass, Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  power. The cause of the fire id at  j present unknown.    There   is ample  reserve power yet to supply all  1 needs.    The damage to the machine  is considerable, about two-thirds   of  the armature being burned.  A, D. MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS.'B.C.  G.  A.   EVANS,   EDITOR  AND  PUBLISHER  O is Year  SUBSCRIPTION  RATKB  .$1.80  One Year (In advanoej   }-M  One Year, in United States  Loll  ���������ulrtress all communications to  The Grand Forks Son.  Pkonb R74 Grand Porks, B.C  FRIDAY,  DECEMBER 17, 1915"  :OUR, ACID STOL3A0HS.  GASES OH INDIGESTION  Each  "Pape's Diapepsin" digests  30C0  grains food, er.ding al!  stomach  misery  in  five  minutes.  A military concert will be given  by the Independent Company of  Rifles in tne opera house on Wednesday evening, December 22. The  program will be divided into two  parts. The first part will show camp  life on the stage, and sword exercises, physical drills and bayonet  exercises will be given. The second  part will consist of songs, dialogues  and recitations. The entertainment  will wind up with a dance, Werner's  orchestra will be in attendance.  General admission, 2o cents.  Once more Sir Richard;has  shown himself to be an astute  politician. He wisely gets in  from under the impending  storm.  There is no reason why Sir  Uichard should not fill the  position of agent general in  London in a. manner that will  be acceptable to the people of  British Columbia. The office  is a sinecure, and it does not  require a particularly bright  man to discharge its duties.  The recent) political shuffle  has undoubtedly had a tendency to make the Prohibitionists wonder where they  stan d. \Vhen Sir Richard was  premier he promised to submit the liquor question to the  electorate at the next election.  But Hon: W.- J; /Bowser is  now premier, and he has made  no promises on this  question.  One thing in favor of gossips���������they never talk about  themselves.  Miss L M Jones, returning by  the Pacific route to India, will spend  Christmas week-end in Grand Forks,  and will address the Sunday congregations in the Baptist church  Miss Jones is associated with Miss  Match, of Ramachandrapuram, who  was honored with a jpwplled dpcor  ation by th*1' late King Edward for  hpr foundation work for the Ippers  of that part ot the empire.  Time it! la five minutes all Finn's  ach distress Avili go. No in'.lisC'-'otion,  heart", urn, sourness or belcliiiiji o!  gas, acid, or eructations of umligeste .  food, no dizziness, bloating, fou'  breath or hcadaeho.  Pape's IMayepsin is noted for It:?  speed in ro������u:ating unset stomach:;  It is the surest, quickest stomach rem  ody-in the whole world and besides ii  is harmless. Put an cud to stomach  trouble forever by getting a largi  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes Iioav needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach disorder. It's the quickc-.t  surcs.. and most harmless stomach  doctor in the Avorld.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  The Lyric Dramatic society will  prespnt "Gay Bohemia" in thp  Empress theatre on Wednesday, December 29, at a matinee and evening performance. New sones, dances  and jokes are promised. The play  will be preceded" by a laughable  one act curtain rasier entitled  ���������'Dressing Gown.'-' An enjoyable  entertainment is assured.  Principal Glaspell left on Friday  for Toronto, Gait and other Ontario  nnints for his Christmas vacation  among old-time friends and relatives.  W. .J. Galipeau has  gone   to   the  ('oast to join the army service corps.  HEWS OFTHE CITY  Postmaster Hull has issued the  following instructions to parties  seeding parcels to the soidiers at the  front: "All parcels must be.ad-  dresped in care of the Army Post  Office, London, England. Rates of  parcels to soldiers in the expeditionary force? in France and Flan-  d-rs are as follows: Parcels up to 3  pounds, 24c; over 3 and up to 7  pounds, 32c; limit of weight, seven  pounds Rates for soldiers in the  Dirde.iielle.s and Mediterraneao^ expeditionary forcps are as follows:  One pound. 33c; two pounds, 40c;  ttiree pounds, 48c; four pounds,74c;  five pounds, 82c; six pounds. 90c;  seven pounds, 98c; limit of Aveight,  seven pounds The rates on parcels  addressed to members of the expeditionary forces who are known to  be in England must be prepaid at  the ordinary British rate of 12c per  pound. Limit of weight, seven  pounds."  It is ropurted that Mrs. I. A. Dins-  more, formerly of this city, who is  uow living at Merrickville, Ont., has  changed her name to Mrs. James B.  Boyd.    Her friends here  send   con-  Correction���������In . the evaporator-  article, on the front page of this issue,  where the capacity of the plant is  given as f>00 or 600 "tons" every 24  hours, it should read 500 or 600  "bushels."  'Don't tell your troubles unless it  is the only way to prevent the other  fellow from telling his.  Call and see the neat line  of   caps  MaeDougall ife Man Donald are show  ing   for   the   cold weather; all sizes.  Prices from 65c to SI.35.  Min.  Max.  Dec 10 ���������Friday   2u  ���������il  11���������Saturday   ..  .  2l)  32  1 0���������Sunday   .   19  :���������;<!  13���������Monday   . 22  32  .. 20  ���������30  15���������Wednesday  .  14  27  16 ���������Thursday...  .   14  2S  Indies  Snow;ill         ..    5.0  Mothers, IVacDougall & MacDonald have received a large shipment'of  boys' suits; all sizes.  Big jobs habitually postponed until  tomorrow fire'never undertaken.  When you get your job  printing at The Sun ofliccyou  can depend on it that the work  has been clone by men who  know their trade. We have no  men in this office who pose ?is  experts after "diking through  a couple of country shops half  a dozen times.  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and piints   the   news  of the  city and district first. *  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on Us merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  Men, MaeDougall & MacDonald  are showing a new line of hockey  boots; all sizes; just received. Prices  83 and $4.  Addressing  Mail to Soldiers  ' In order to facilitate, the handling  of mail at the front arid to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), staff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent  (a)   British Expeditionary Force.  (h)  Anny Post,  London, England.  Unnecessary    mention    of     higher  ormations, such as brigades, dvisions,  f-i trictly forbidden, and causes delay.  0 CENT "CASOAEETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  gratulations.  Cure   Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy  Cathartic.  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  Last  Sunday   at   4 o'clock in the   aches, how miserable you are from  afternoon a fire occurred in one of j constipation, indigestion, biliousness  aiieiuu-yii a mo " i an(1 s]UggiSh bowels���������you always get  the generators in the South Koote j relief with Cascarets. They imme-  niy Power company's Cascade gen ; dlately cleanse and regulate the storn-  "v ������yjn^1 ' , . .   ach, remove the sour, fermenting food  erating station. In the excitement and foui gageg; take tho excess bile  which followed one ot fhe operators, from the liver and carry off the con-  " .        stipated   Avaste   matter   and    poison  W. A. Ritchie, somehow or other from the mtestines and bowels, v  broke a bone in his leg lust above the 10-cont box from your druggist -..ill  " . ,      ... ii ��������� iu   kf!������P   J'0111'   livcr   ancl   bowels   clean;  ankle, which will render him unlit st0mach sweet and head clear for  for   duty   for some weeks,    J. Mc-   months.    I'hey work Avhile you.sleep.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENDE  Yale  Barber Shop  Itaznr Honing a Specialty.  P. A.  Z,  PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, Fih.st Street  Some - Prices at - E.' C. Benniger's  100 lbs Our Best Flour $3.25  50 lbs    "        "        "         1.75  100 lbs. Wheat     1,75  Briny Your Poultry Troubles to Us  Bridge Street Grand Forks. B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRTDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  IT IS EASY TO MAKE PERFECT BREAD  WITH  SOLD ONLY  AND GUARANTEED TO BE EQUAL TO THE BEST FLOUR  ON THE MARKET. AND FOR LESS MONEY.  FOR SALE ONLY BY  Y FEED & SUPPLY CO., UD.  P. O. BOX 610  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS  FLOUR, FEED. HAY AND GRAIN  FIRST STREET  Agents for the Yale-Princeton Lump and Nut Coal.  Prices: Nut, S6.50; Lump, &7.50 per ton.  TELEPHONE 95  A Clean-Gut  gument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GE TS  BUSINESS. It you don't  already known our kind^of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  "e Sun Print Shop  ���������i'  ' a  HANSEN 8 CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Coal  R  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TEIjBT'HONKS;  Ofvwk, KliB Ffpet StPPPt  HANSK.N'HRK8inENf:K.R38l������������" "GUI  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Pfione 68 Second Street  Men, MaeDougall it MacDonald  are showing a now lino of sweaters in  nil sizes and colors. Prices $1.00 to  89.00 each.  Pays for The  Sun  for   an  ntire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou itr  y .-" MaiamctA mumtfiSfx  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  THE CULTURE OF ROSES  The roses usually cultivated in  Canada may be divided into four  groups so far as hardiness is concerned:  Hardiest Group���������Rosa Rugosa and  Hybrids, Austrian briars, Provence  or Cabbage roses, Damask roses, and  Moss roses.  Roses of Second Degree  of   Hardiness���������Hybrid Perpetuals  or   Hybrid  Remontant,   Climbing   roses   of   the  Multiflora group, and Dwarf   Polyan-  tha roses.  Roses of the Third Degree of Hardiness���������Hybrid Tea and Austrians hybrids (Pernetiana) roses.  Roses of the Fourth Degree of  Hardiness���������Tea roses.  The hardiness of the individual  varieties varies considerably within  the groups.  Roses of this group need little or no  protection in most parts of Canada,  The others must be protected except  in very favored  localities.  Thus writes Messrs. W. T. Ma-  coun, Dominion horticulturist, and F.  E. Buck, B.S. A., assistant, in Bulletin, Nq_8,5, of the division of horti  culture, entitled "Hardy Roses. Their  Cuituro in. Canada," which can be  had free on application to the publications branch, department of agricul-  culture, Ottawa, and which should  have an extensive circulation It  would be difficult to imagine an offi-  cirl publication that is calculated to  a -peal .more strongly to the flower  lover. The information that is given  is complete aud thorough. "'Sites  and Soil," "Plants and Planting,"  "Cultivation," '-Winter Protection,"  "Insects and Fungous Enemies" are  all described In fact, the bulletin is,  as.nearly as possible within the limit  of 39 pages, an encyclopedia on roses  that can be cultivated in this country  Many different varieties are dealt  with, tests and experiments are told  about, and particulars given that can  hardly fail to prove valuable to gardeners, whether amateur or professional. Every section of tlm country is  covered and detailed lists given, with  description-  and   illustration, of good  hybrid tea roses for^the garden, new  hybrid tea roses and good hybrid perpetual roses. Cultivators of the loveliest flower in creation'after^reading  this bulletin, no matter what their  past experience may have-been, it is  safe to say will be encourage to try  again and to persevere. Some of the  pointers may be thus condensed:  A soil should   be  chosen  which    is  naturally cool but not cold.  Strong two-year-old budded plants  are the best to plant.  An abundance of moisture is ueed  ed, but not swamps.  Soils need to be kept rich by the  application of manure.  Pruning is a necessity, but requires  study and experience to be successfully performed.  To obtain the first flowers one must  relentlessly cut back the bush each  spring to within six to twelve inches  of the ground.  It is better to prune early in the  spring than in the autumn.  Roses in Canada should be protected from severe wintry weather by being earthed up and covered with ever  green boughs or canvas.  Good foliage is "essential to the pro  duction of good roses; hence every  ���������safeguard shoald be taken against insects and diseases.  Roses growi^in the open are usually  propagated by budding, raising them  from cuttings not always being satisfactory.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If you cave for heavy hair that glis-  tcr.s with beauty and is radiant, with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and  lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves evory particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. Tins destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a fevorishaess and Itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  lobs������- and die; then the hair falls out  fa- Purely get a 25-cent bottle of  IC::',- .ton's Danderine from any drug  si or.- and just try.it  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising;'    "Advertising    doesn't  jerk; it pulls.    It begins   very gently  at first, but the pu!l is steady      It in  creases day by day and year   by year, I  until it exerts an irresistible    power.  The time for budding varies in  Canada, but from the latter part of  July until September the stocks  should be in condition in some part of  the country.  The Sun, at $1 a year, is superior,  to any $2 a .year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have  E.W. Barrett  ^Auctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere, Any Time.  Stocks a Specialty  Men, MaeDougall & MacDonald  are showing a new line of sweaters in  all v^izes and colors. Prices ������1.00 to  89.00 each.  Talk about Xmas gifts! See out-  beautiful range of men's neckwear in  all the latest colorings and designs.  A neck fie would makn a suitable gift  for your friend.-    Prices 25c to 81.00  "Type was made to read " This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  GRAND   PORKS,   R.C.  HENRY V TO HIS TROOPS AT AG1NC0URT  .    .    He which hath no stomach to this fight,  Let him depart; his passport shall be made  And crowns for convoy pnt into his purse;  We would not die in that man's company  That fears his fellowship to die with us.  This day is called the feast of Crispian;  He that cultivates this day, and comes safe home,  Will stand a tip-toe when this day is named,  And rouse him at the name of Crispian.  He that shall live this day, and see old age,  Will yearly on the vigil feast his neighbors,  And say "Tomorrow is Saint Crispian";  Then will he strip his sleeve and show his scars,  And say, "These wounds I had on fVispian's day."  Old men forget; yet all shall be forgot.  But he'll remember with advantages  What feats he did that day: then shall our names,  Familiar in his mouth as household words,  Many the king, Bedford and Exeter,  Warwick and Talbot, Salisbury and Gloucester,  Be in their flowing cups freshly remembered,  This storv shall the good man teach his son;  And Crispin Crispian shall ne'er go by,  From this'day to the ending ofthe world/  But we in it shall be remembered;  Wo few, we happy few, we band of brothers;  For he today who sheds his blood with me  Shall be my brother; be he ne'er so vile,  This clay shall gentle his condition:  And gentleman in England now a-bed  Shall think themselves accused they were not here.  And lioll their manhoods cheap whiles any speaks  That ft)tight with upon S:iint Crispian's day.  THE  LONDONDIRECTORX  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout   the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Resides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply:  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading. Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers "seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade.cards for $5. orlarger advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25. Ahch'urch Lane, London, E.C.  The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to  attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and i:; read by the head of  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  FOR SALE- FARM LAND  (PQf) PER ACRE-The old Graham much of  vP������lU :U2 iicres, at. Cust'iidi*. enn be purchased at ������20 per acre, if taken at once. VV.  K. Esllng  owner, Rossland, 15. (.'.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKI.'S VVANTKD ������s iigfnts for nur high  ei-jidc bicvi'les. Wri'i- for low friers lo  ���������IHOS. PLIM LEY'S CYCLE WORKS, ViC-  '10RIA. H. ('.  Get "More Money" for your 1<<  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yonr section  SHIP YOTTR FURS DIRECT to "SHUBERT" the latest  house In Ihe World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  n reliable���������responsible���������safe Kur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a long successful record of sending I'tir Shippers prompt, SATISFACTORY  AN'D PROFITABLE returns. Write for "tEOc fl>fjufjtrt Shipper,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Wrilo for U-SOW-H'u i'KEE  A R 'SSHIIRFRT W 25-27'vest Austin a ve.  A. r������. on u *53_.rt a , inc. Dopt c 87 chicaco, u.s.a.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE   your   repairs   to   Armson.  '���������lion   r������>  1'iilrcr.     The    Huh.     Look   for   the    Hi"  Unnl  ~r~.~**m.r%irr.irr:iirjL.-i:*fmmT~*m .rm������m.������M^������iiir������������  SECOND-HAND    GOODS  U PRIEST CASH PRICKS paid for old Son-.- i  II and Manges. E. C. PeeUlmin. .-ccniid-!  hmid Store.  FOR RENT   HOUSES  POOD   liVfro.Tti   house; two    Muck-   from  '    |io.������t otfiee.   Apply this office.  Assuring Your  usmess  C./4 policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  - Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of temptation  ���������they may* be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New" comers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do  so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Not  to advertise  regularly   to  ���������     the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave your  business unprotected.  Tn Tiir  S^r B    19 B Bom  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction  of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop  \j=T.  ������)lMliJillOT������WLtfc.UJMiiliULMLu!BMIffl^  mmmmmmmigsmMi f ���������  IZTHE   SUK,   GliAND    FORKS,    B. C.  Western Potatoes  For Ontario  A  Surplus of 2,000,000  Bushels  in  Alberta  Alone  (Toronto Globe)  Owing (.0 tho failure of tlie Ontario  potato crop  this ycnr certain dealers  Hundreds of people succumb to consumption every day.  Science  proves   that   the  genus  only  thrive when the system is weakened from  colds  or  .sickness,   overwork, confining Ihavo expressed tho opinion that prices  "'"'' ' ' \ would reach %'l a bus for that commod  ity before sprint;. Some of the large  wholesalers along Wont street, however, when as Ned about the market  situation for potatoes, stated that  there was no ground for such opinions.  Although the Xew Brunswick acreage of that crop was decreased this  season owing to former poor prions,  the market for their potatoes has been  limited. British Columbia, wh!'ch formerly was supplied from that . i'vlari-  time Province, flow is amply provided  for by theWast. Thus; it-will be seen,  that New Brunswick will still- have a  considerable surplus' lor Ontario.  Another   important factor to be considered  is'the  large  crop in Alberta.  That province  produced a surplus of  over 200,000 bushels.   Potatoes can be j  shipped 'profitably from there to east, j  It is stated that several "'carloads are j  already on the Way.    The tubers can j  be  bought,  shipped    in     refrigerator|  Grow Enough to Eat  CS'  duties or when general weakness exists  The best physicians point out that  duringchangirigscasons the blood should  be yiade rich and pure and active by taking Scott's Jvmulsiou after meals. The coil  liver oil in Scoti's junulsion warms the  .body by enriching the blood ; it peculiarly  strengthens the lungs and throat, while it  upbuilds the resistive forces of the body  to avoid colds and prevent consumption.  If you work indoors, tire c-asilv, feel  languid or nervous, Scott's rim ulsiou is the  most strengtheningfood-medicine known.  It is totally free from stupefying dru#j������.  Avoid substitutes. ���������'������������������'.  14-42      Scott & Jiownc, Toronto. Ontario.  MAKE PERFECT BREAD  'Back to the Land  Lectures to be Given irr'VVinnipcg This  Winter to Further the  Movement '.���������������������������'' ,  There .will bo considerable activity  in the '" Back tothe Land" movement  in Winnipeg during the winter months.  A series'of. 70 lectures is being arranged, the deiails.br which were arranged  at a joint meeting of the Winnipeg  school board and industrial bureau:  Professor Bedford gave some details and results of last year's campaign and said if would have led  many to take up homesteads if they  had had funds to start with in ti  moderate way. Many of the foreigners here were quite ready to homestead if .only' they could seciire.two  cows. "Two cows will practically  keep a family of foreigners on a  homestead," he said.  .Dr. Mclntyre spoke of what the  "Winnipeg school board proposed to  do in the way of co-operation. He  said the agricultural college had  the board to supply the speakers and  the board was prepared to stand the  expense of a .moderate amount.  Chairman Bulman said that it was  the intention to apply to tlic government for a grant to continue the  work in the spring and Hon. Robert  Rogers had assured the bureau to  give every assistance in his power.  Why   Some   Farmers   Always   Remain  Poor  I passed the home of a  farmer today   who   was   reported     as   being  a  poor   man,     with   a   large   family   of  children    to  support,    l-io  was  away  from   home   working   out     with     his  team,    lie did not have lime to clear  J much   lam!,     because   he   had   to   be  ; away    nearly    all  the time lo  make  enough   to   buy  groceries   and   clothe  the   family.     I   could   see   Ihe   reason  why  it,  would   keep  him   busy,   tor  it  would   ser.;m   that,   everything   in   ihe  way of food would have to be bought.  There were not even  enough  potatoes growing on the. place to feed an  Irish- family   a ���������month,   and   potatoes  are  a good  form  of  food   for  every-'.  on.v.  .The vegetable garden and small  fruit' garden ' were missing, and there  was hot even a flower' to cheer.    No  wonder they were poor.    People, are  poor indeed when there  is not ithrift  enough  in  the mother,  if not in .the  father, to have a aarclen.   ".'���������."." _       .  "Grow  enough to  eat."....should  be j Help  Livestock'Association  the motto  of every settler,  and  this I . '       .  can be done on a very small tract of  ground. Potatoes, beans and peas  make a pretty nice balanced ration  and with other ���������Vegetable's ..and small  fruit,  and  a   cow    and  flock of hens  OYALX^.  CAKESi%#  E^ILlEfj������ifil*1  H^TORONTO.Og^  MADE !N CANADA,  Bread made in the homo with Royal  yeast will keep fresh and moist longer  than   that   made   with   dny  other.  Food Scientists claim that thci'c is  more nourishment in a pound of good  ionic made bread than in a pound cf  meat. Consider the difference incost.  "LWGILLETT COMPANY LIM!itD>%^  TORONTO, ONT       '    ^&$k^I  WINNIPEG       MONTREAL ^fflgfo.   ������.>fev.  l!P^B^P3@^g&  cars, and laid down iu Toronto for 95'c i the poor man may have a table, that  a bag. As wholesalers' aiuVretailers'J Icings might envy. It is a 'well known  commission amounts to about 40c, it j fact that people eat too much meat  means that should .potatoes go much | and not enough vegetables. '��������� The  beyond the present price '($1.20) ship-1 first clearing should bo ��������� for a" garments from the west'AviU'be made to den, and every child should learn  Ontario in large quantities. to    work  in the garden  as  soon  as  -This is the first time the west h'as ' they start, to learn, to work at their  been able, to export potatoes, which is ! lessons at school. ��������� There iscabsolut.?-  owing to the increased production, par- ��������� ly: no excuse for not having, a pro II t-  iicularlv in and around: the towns and I able garden where there are .-child-'  cities.    This latter fact also accounts i rcu in    the family    over eight years  \.  A Boon for the Bilious.���������The.liver is  a very sensitive organ and easily deranged. When thisy occurs there is undue secretion of bile and the acrid li-  'quid Hows into tha stomach and sours  it. It is a most distressing ailment,  :and many aTe prone; to it; In this  condition.a man finds the best remedy  in Purmelee's Vegetable Pills, "Which  are warranted to speedily correct the  disorder. There is no better medicine  in the entire list of pill preparations.  for the low price at which they may  be bought, for tiie nearness of the crop  to the railroad aids in cutting down  transportation'expenses..   The. quality  of age,  even    though "the"father. has  to work out.    ���������:;:���������-;;'���������'  Potatoes    and such  vegetables    as  onions,   carrots,   parsnips,   rutabagas  of the potatoes varies. Those pro-: and  duced on heavy land will not keep,  and must all bo used locally. As a  groat deal ofthe soil is light, however,  the bulk of the crop is in excellent condition for exporting.  "beans generally can be exchanged for groceries. When they cannot  bo traded they always can be fed  on the farm and converted into products that' will  sell.    How  often   we  have seen  settlers  buying, salt pork,  W'e believe -MINATID'S LIXUI15NT  is the best:  Mathias Foley. Oil City. Out.  Joseph Snow, Norway, .Me.    :  Charles   Vv'hooten, Alulgrave, M.S.  Rev; R. O. Armstrong, Mulgruve, X.S.  Pierro Landers,    Sen.,    Pokemouche,  Food Problems at Petrograd  The population of Petrograd, Moscow, and other large centres was enormously 'increased recently owing to  the influx of refugees and the mobilization of three million men- In Petrograd  a whole million have been added to  the number of inhabitants, and the  food problem has become serious.  Owing to the curtailment of the  trunk lino service and lack of means  of transport, the government has  now taken the food supply of the  capital into its own hands. M. Kriv-  oshein, minister of agriculture, has  assumed responsibility for the purchase and transport, of foodstuffs.  Soaking wheat increases its feeding value, only slightly, but grinding  the wheat increases its feeding value  about one-fifth.  ���������*i HAD "ALMOST GIVEN UP.'!  steamer.    In these circumstances, it it.  Sarniu, Ont.���������'\-\rjouL 27 years ago 11 uot. easv for them to realize the work  was taken very bad. my blood., too, was ! that    the    Hriiisn navy is doing, and  I why it is that the torpedoing of a  : neutral or other steamer can ever take  ��������� place at all.  Russian  Pecpls and War-  A gentleman well known in business  circles, who recently returned  Petrograd, gave his impressions  representative of the Daily News. lie j  says that the Russian people are now������������������  fighting for liberty, in a very impor-1  tant sense of the .word. For years. !  he points^out, the Germans have domi- j  nated and permeated every branch ot ,  Russian trade, and now tiie Russians i  are determined to be rid of this state j  of things once and for all. So great;  is this determination that in Petrograd I  {he use of the German language is for-j  hidden; With regard to the impression-:  made upon the Russian people by the }  retreat -dn Poland, he continues, they j  seem to realize fully that if. is only.;  the result of a shortage of munitions,  [and they place implicit confidence in  '! their leaders and await with calm  j faith in the future. If there, is any  j k-isconesption in Russia regarding tlic  ! work of tiie allies in the west, and j  'of the British'fleet on the seas, it is j  entirely due to ignorance. Fully 75,  per cent, of the people are uneducated .  and many of them have never seen a i  butter, and even eggs and'potatoes.  When I hose products have to be  purchased on the farm, it is no  wonder that the farmer has to work  out. ���������  How 'many farm homes are there  where -the garden is lacking and  where even .. pie-plant '...-as .a fruit  would, be luxury. If the garden \r-  ignored or neglected by the farmer,  then tiie woman" should arise lot iio  occasion and make it"what it should  be, especially where it may be the  means of providing the' home against  poverty.  , We have frequently noticed that,  where the woman does- not; .interest  herself in the garden y and the cows  and pigs and chickens, they are often  apt. to be neglected, especially, in the  beginning of farm operations,- wheth-  from i fi*1' in the timbered sections or on the  to a i prairie. In the early times, practically everything was produced on  the farm, even to '.tha. clothing. When  practically everything.. comes from  the store, indebtedness and poverty  are generally not " far away.���������The  Farmer.  Manitoba   Government   Assists "M3'rari  don   Winter   Fair   Association<���������  The  Manitoba .government,  at  the  request of a larga deputation from the  Brandon  Winter  Fair  and  Livestock  | Association  has agreed to- assist the  association, to realize casl>son its do-  { bentures' of ������105,000 issued about two  i years ago and which could not be sold  ! owing 'to- the state of the money -market.   The deputation asked for-assistance  from, the  government ..until  the  financial market is in better condition  and the request; was granted.    \ '  The government promised; to arrange that ?105,000 be-raised for the  association and takes the unsold debentures for security. Principal and"  interest is guaranteed by the city of  Brandon and the governmeut takes no  risk in the matter. The Rrandon Winter Fair Board, however, lias placed  at its disposal the sum of $105,000..  The delegates stated that no winter  fair would be h?ld at Brandon this  year.  Sweet Clover on Poor Land  It H������  Miller's     Worm     Powders  worms in the stomach; and intestines j day this  at,once, and no worm can come in con- j then the  tact.Avith them and live. They also  correct the unhealthy conditions in the  "digestive, organs tliat invite and encourage worms, setting up reactions  tliat are most beneficial to (lie grov.th  of the child. They have attested.their  power in hundreds of cases and at all  times are thoroughly trustworthy.  a Very Considerable Loosening  Action on the Ground  The place for sweet clever is on the  poorer  lands.    It  also   will  grow   on  iarid   that,  has  some  alkali  in  ic.    In  some cases it will kill out salt grass���������  and that's an acid test.    It wiii grow  under    favorable     conditions    v.iicie  other   leguminous    crops fail.    Sweet  clover adds   considerable  nitrogm   to  iha  soil,   for   the   nifrogcu-lixing   bacteria are active.    II. lias a  very considerable  loosening    action  ' on     thu  ground.     And   it   is   imnpf'tint  to   ro-  member  also   that,  ihe  bacteria   that  grow  on   tlic  roots    of this  crap  are  [the same as those found on the roots  j of. alfalfa,    so if is-nn excellent crop  | to grow before alfalfa.    The bacteria  i oh the roofs of rod clovsr are not tiis  j same as  the alfalfa bacteria.  ;     Sweet clover   is not and never will  j be  equal   to  alfalfa  or  red  clover  in  | feed production,    where    these   crops  j do well,    This  .fact    should never be  N\j forgotten.     Of  course,   with   flic  present high    prices    of sjetl.    there  is  attack! good profit in producing it, but, soma  demand will be supplied, ami  price of seed  will  be  much  I St-  HEALTHY CHILDREN  I A-child's .health depends upon the  ! state of his stomach and bowels. If  i they are kept regular, and sweet Uuj  | little one is sure to ba healthy. Baby's  ! Own Tablets are the mothers best  j friend in keeping her little ones well.  ! Thsy'act as a gentle laxative: arc absolutely safe and are pleasant to take-  Concerning them Mrs. David Label.  Ste. Perpefue, Que., writes: "JMy  baby was so troubled with, constipation' that ha could not sleep day or  night. T gave him Baby's Own Tablets  and uoav he is a big healthy boy." Tlte  Tablets are sold by medicine dealers  or by mail at -f> cents a box fropi Tiie  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., lirockville.  Ont.  Origin of ' Boycott''  The word boycott is only thirty-live  years old, and yet it would probably  puzzle a large number of people to explain its origin.,In tho year 1SS0 there  was/however, in Ireland a we-U known  landlord named Captain Boycott. His  differences with his tenants and with  the Laud League became so severe  that the neighborhood declined to  have any dealings with hint. The result was- something- more than being  sent to Coventry by the countryside,  it included a refusal to have any commercial dealings whatever with the  victim. Tiie first known' use���������/ot the  word was by John Dillon, in a speech  at Cashel, on the 17th of November,  when he made use of the phrase. ''We  ihave  yet  to  study  a  branch  of new  ^ lower. Feed production is the basis  i on which this crop must be judged���������  'when considered as a permanent pro-  | position���������and it is not the equal c.l  'alfalfa or red clover in    this respect.  ��������� when the conditions are favorable for  | these crops-  j There is no disposition to discour-  , age the intelligent growing of sweet  ��������� clover. Not. at all. The crop has  jits place, which is on ilie poorer soils  ��������� and locations. But there has been  | much -misleading information about  j this wonderful weed, which some  j persons would have you believe is to  : be'tiie most important Kansas legum-  ��������� iriotis crop. It is time (lie crop was  judged on the basis of its real worth.  It has its place, but this place is not  where alfalfa or red clover succeed  well.  A safe aud sure utedicjiie for a child  troubled with worms- is .Mother  Graves' Worm Fxferminafor.  laud law known as boycotting." The  term was at once picked up by the  press, asd passed immediately into  common use, appearing three days later in the Times. Tt is'now a comr.*.ou  word in the language but its origin is  already half forgotten.  -in bad shape.    I got. so j had to go to  bed and I was there for over three months.  I could not-eat and suffered untold agony.  I had throe of (he ljcst doctors I could ������cl  but- it: just soi'inod nothing was going lo  help   mc.    1   lind   almost   given   up.    I  thought .1. would nrvov be any better and [  was willing to give up and die rather than ;  suffer as I was.    A neighbor of nunc lolcl i     W  mc of JL)r.   i'icrc's  wonderful  remedies j put  and L decided lo u^'1 iln-m.    My husband ! thin;  bough!   in" .-4\ bo; ilcs of 'Favorite  Pro- j tory  i^'ripi'ion.'    I had not  taken if long until :  I '"clt. bettor.    .In  Ii���������.-:.���������; than six weeks [ !  was mil cf bi'ii. and in If*" than six months j  I wa������ rurcl and 1i;iv been wMI ever t.ini'e. i  J)o all my own work.    I liavo r.-iisoil three j  daughter.-*,   two   arc   married   and   have  children.    Tlify have u*f(\  it and  ilif-'.v j  arr- li'-abliy. sri arc I heir children.    I am '  Mire ii  was all on account, of my having j  them u-" the medi.-iiir. j  "I keep all of -t>r. Pierced medicines iu i  the house. Have *F:ivori!o I'rosciip-!  tion,'   '(lohlen   Medical   .Ois-eovcry'   and)  'Stiiitri-Wcrd ' anything prepared by .Dr. I  Pierce i.^ good. I a ho have a copy of .  tli" People'." Common h'eiise Medical i  Advisor, whifli 1 have had '-'ii years; it (  lias been wvy valuable to me."---Mrts. .1. j  \Y: v. '_'.",:.' Oiilalio ."'t.. Sarnia, Onl. !  .If you are a .-���������ufiVrrr. if your daugiiler, |  mo!her, fi>-t'-i- need help, get Dr. T'ieree'.s j  Favor'nc Pre-:cr'| lion in liquid or tablet j  form from an;.' medicine dealer lo-day. I  Then address Dr. Pierce. Invalids' Motel, j  Buffalo. N. V.. and got confidential modi- ;  cat advice entirely ire". j  A mc.d   valuable book in any home i,s  J)r.    PieP'o's    (.'oinmon    Hense   Mciieal i  A'l'.-i.scr.    A Nploiuiid  .IOOS-pmro volume, j  with  engraving*  and  colored  plides.    A  copy will bo h"iil  to anyone .sending fifty I  c"ii'^ in hlamps. to pay the eo.sl- of vvra|i-  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Dandruff.  No Time For Peace Talk  ��������� 'nave victory in our grasp ��������� if we  .'very ounce into the fight. Any-  ; wii'ich jtorsuades people that vic-  wiii be won by anything short of  supreme sacritic:1 and effort, leads not  to victory, but to the haM'-hearod peace  which would be. for us the equivalent  of defeat. Talk of peace jo, in the  p::culiar i.-oru'iitions of the liriii.sh empire and tiie British government, the  harbinger of siu-li defeat. Any man  who says that, peace is i:t sight is I ha  deadly 'enemy of ihe empire. All this  bniibf' has its origin in Berlin. If is  not an iiKlh-eeivtion: it is a. trover  move io weaken'public opinion in tho  empire, alwayn disponed lo bo compla-  ceui, jii'-u. when ii is, of vital import-  aticf: for that opinion to bo strong and  confident, driving the ;  comp':c!.e the prcpar;  time tie.VI y.i.ar may  comploio victory for  we can have i"  Times of India.  ! Hay Supply in Britain  J     An official announcement  has been  ' made   regarding   the   recent,   instruc-  ! tions issued  by the board  of agricul-  i turo.    It   is   stated   tliat   there   is   no  j cause whatever to fear that the supply  ; of hay avail;.hie for the private con-  ; .sinner will  fall short of the demand,  i The   requirements     of   the   army   at  home and abroad will not, absorb one-  i eighth of the total crop, even supposing  that  the   crop   is   not  more  than  ' half ihe usual one.    It is recognized by  iho. authorities, tiie announcement continues, tl'.at their embargo on the sale I  ���������of hay,  prior to  lis  being  offered   to ���������  llin   army   purchasing   officers,   may i  HOW'S THIS?  ���������We offer One Hundred Dollars R������.  ward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  ' K.  J.   CHENEY & CO.,  Toledo. O.  We. the undersigned, have known F.  J. Cheney for tho last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honest in all business  transactions and tlnuncially able to carry  out any obligations made by his firm.  1      NATIONAL   BANK  OP  COMMERCE  Toledo-, O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,'  acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimoaiala  :sent free. Price 75 cents per boLlle.  'Sold by all  rtrugsrists.  Take Haifa rarr.ily Pilia for constipation.  An Irishman was one day looking  at Ihe notice, "Your King and Country Need Vou." A delicate looking  Englishman happened to he passing  by, and, thinking to have-a joke at  Pat's expense, started  the following:  ���������'Well, Pat, will you volunteer for  the front?-'  "Begob, I  will if<, you come."  "Why, whin the Kaiser sees you he  will look for peace. He'll think the  British are-risin'-from the dead.'  "What's your idea .of an honest  man?"  "An honest man," replied Mr. Kimp,  "is one who likes the same music in  private that he says he likes when  ltis wife is giving a musical evening."  AYhy not: paint some of your farm  building.-' this fall? Paint is cheap  compared to the increased value ii  gives the place.  FIRST  AID  COURSES  IN  PREPARATORY SCHOOLS  St.  w  o  government  to  tiom-' which sonic  loL'fl   u.-'.. to   that  humanity which  merit   it.---The  to the private  to avoid tin's as  mil therefore all  purchasing hay  inspected by I ho  are desired to  communicate with the district officer  and secure iho 'ineossury corl.ificafo  of ie!e:-;se, if lha hay is fomd unsuitable   for arniv  requirements.  cause   inconvenience  trade.    It is desired  much   as   possible,  por.-on.-i   drsirous   of  which  has not been  purchasing     officers,  John  Ambulance  Association  Will  Arrange to Give Them  The St. John Ambulance association  genera! executive has decided to arrange with preparatory schools  throughout Canada for courses in first  aid tiiis fall and winter. It will also  i endeavor lo arrange with the military  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFTS  SomeUim?   hi'iiiT   than   linen   .itnl   Iu*  laimilr>    bills       Wash   U   with   soup   an4  water.     All   -nil"-*  or  ilueel.     Slim:   siyl*  anil me.    t'er Va."   <���������'���������'������������������ win nev.l yuu  THE   ARLINGTON   COWPANV   OF   CANADA.  Limited  68 Frasor Avanuo, Toronto. Onuriu  ^roSS-rv'SS^t^'llllriNiPEB GRAIN EXCHANGE  Minard'.  '.vhcrc.  Liniment   for  -,alc  overy-  ' I nom was  .Mamie, ain't, t  "N'o,   no.   u."  coil fill.    'I'hcy  foik you wailed on, J  nici  licyv '  iir!     Ajipoar  (lidii'l   have  iUlf't  11(1  i'f  do-  chcirge  acc'.'unt..  'aid <��������� a;-:h for ovijrything.'  t;  pint:   an'!   mailu  IJiitVnlo, S. V.  Dr. r'iei-ee'.s I'lensaiii'  iirigimil little liver pil  ;ic:irl.v ~>0 yours a������u.  Vva'Z   mi!',',   lo   .I'r.   I'ieice,  'chefs  hr.-t  are  put  the  up  W, N.  U.   \077  irl f road ing inter from brother at!  the front >���������.John says a bullet v.'ont. |  right tiir nigh his hat without loiieh'ng ;  him. !  Old   I.ady-  -What   a   blo.-ciiig  he  had I  his hat. on. d..'ur.  ICdltoi' I'o you  Know how to run a  newspaper?  Applicant  -No. rdr.  lOlitor���������- Wf II. I'll try you. I gue.-.j  veii'ii' had  ('.vperienco.  Comforts   For   Canadian   Soldiers  As a rasull of the summer's work of  the war purchasing commission, of  which I lie lion. A. K. Kemp is I lie head,  provision has been made for the a teds  of f'ana'la's soldiers.  The work of the commission has  lim-n proceeding all summer and  orders have been placed covering a  long list, of articles which experienca  has shown to bo iK'cossary in the  out):11ing of an army for modern  warfare.  'I'o a large extent deliveries on  those orders have already been made,  ami ihe work is "o far advanced as  to leave no room for doubt thai the  Canadians at the front, and in training will have everything that is included   in  an  uu-to-dato 'equipment.  work during their period ol irauiing hi  Canada.    Statistics  show that during  the     four  years  of  the   association'.-.;  work in Canada Ihi.OOO persons have received the training.    In the past year;  the number was 1.1.">SU. an increase of :  more   than  a  thousand  over  the  pre-!  ceding twelve months period. (.Jui.-ral ���������  Secretary Birdwhistle will leave short-!  ly on a  tour of    all    tin?    provincial j  branches. j  An American tourist, thinking to gel.'  a rise out of an old Highland niini.stJr, \  remarked: [  "Don't you think if a man left ;  enough money to your church he'd get i  into heaven?" !  "Awed," was Ihe cautious reply, "I i  wadna say tliat for a fact, but it's wool j  worth try in'."  Licensed and Bonded Dealers  DIRECTORY  Lf! the Pioneer F.irmcrj' Company handle   ynur  (ir.-.ln   on   trnck  or   on    co.i;ii;r;injii:.     Absoluts  security, courteous attention, prompt return],  THE GRAIN  GROWERS  GRAIN  CO..  L.TO..  160 McDe/uiat  St., Winnipejf, or   1UJ   OjiijIh  Hlock, Calgary  AUTOMOBILE DEALERS'  DiRECTOHY  THK DODGE BROS. MOTOR C-VR  "The car tliat speaks for itieli"  CADILLAC MOTOR  SALES CO .  LTO..  WINNIPEG  Diilribulors (or Manitoba ur.d Ss.nkatchev/nn. .J������rH  for descriptive literature.   Some territory still opon  io'r local agency.   ���������  ENL9ST  now  With tl  n- army of vat is lied Shippers who >  lip  (',)���������  iio  to  PET  ER JAN  SEN COMPANY, L51V5ITED  COMMISSI  ON   MERCHANTS.  HIGHEST PRICES-  BEST  GRAO  t::5  IMakc   l.iil!.-. <  I' lading i  Arthur,  cad  I'd  notify 1"  :-r   Janscn   Co..   1/td.,   I'ort    Willi;  t.'lor Janscn Co.,  I(td,, Winnipeg  :n  or  1'  jrt ������JJ-*b������j*y.Ajl^������i'RAU'jwt ~*X.&L������J������Z~r������F������>-tx:J. JtTJsL V**VVi.*TiS*i  :^o^a:^:;rfexSS^^!iS^sia^^sMi':  ,THE    SUN,    GRAND    F01iKS������    B. C.  ISLAND KINGDOM IS-SHEATHED  Eflcctivc  Her  Many Canadian Children     J  .   deceiving* No Education  Serious   News   Regarding   Saskatchewan Schools in,Non-English  Settlements  (Contributed    by    Norman F. Black,  M.A., D.Paed.,   ReginaJ     '  The great non-political campaign of  discussion  on  educational  topics,  inaugurated on the invitation of Premier  Scheme by Which Britain has Succeeded in Completing /Scott and .vtr.  Willoughby, leader of  . . . ��������� j tho Opposition, is bringing prominent-  Isolation,   Warding   ott   .invasion   and   Incidentally '      "  Cutting ofF Germany From the Outside World  After having spent eight months  In England,-and taking advantage of  every opportunity to study the operations ot the British navy, .Mr. J. Her-,  bert Duckworth is able to produce in  the New York Sun one of the most interesting articles that has appeared  on this subject.. He says: "Fenced in  with barbed wire, her coasts deeply  furrowed wtih trenches, protected-seaward by fields of. deadly mines and  watched by ever active patrols of de-  etroyera and seaplanes���������the eyes of  the battleships that lurk in their bases  ready to pounce out upon he enemy���������  Kngland's geographical position is  eomc-lhiiig to be envied by the other  warring nations. She is protected by  something far more efficacious than  tho most cunningly devised trenches  ���������tho great natural moat of the  North Sea.  "And art supports nature. The  Britsh Isles are sheathed in metal.  The island kingdom; is buried under  a shield of almost impregnable armor. London, the heart; of the empire, is embedded in a 'Ring of Steel.'  Heavy guns from her forts from Aberdeen in the north to Harwich in the  south frown toward Germany; more  guns at Dover, Folkestone, the Isle of  Wight, Portsmouth, Portland; Plymouth and Falmouth guard the English Channel; fortress artillery at  Point Carnsore in Ireland and Holy-  . head in Wales stand .guard at the  southern entrance to the Irish Sea,  while other heavy pieces at Bally-  castle in Ireland and Wigtown in  Scotland perform a similar service at  tho northern doorway. Marconi stations arc dotted in prodigal profusion around the two islands; behind  impt.ssable rows of barbed wire at  every conceivably possible landing  place of an invader, troops are stationed ready to be Avhisked to the point  of attack; small patrol'boats search  half, forgotten coves on bleak and  lonely parts of the West coast of Ireland" and of the Highlands of Scotland for secret German submarine  bases; seaplanes, submarines and destroyers���������the Grand Fleet's auxiliaries  '���������keep incessantly circling the Kingdom on the lookout for enemy sea  and  aircraft.  "Naturally, when I first reached  England I wanted to know what, had  hecomo of the navy, that Premier As:_  o.uith has said costs ?2,500,000 a day  to keep afloat. I was told that it was  lost somewhere- in the grey mists  of the North Sea, and that it was  not strung out in a large semi-circle  in front of Heligoland waiting to be  sent to the bottom by .undersea boats.  By piercing together such trifles as  admiralty warnings and instructions  to pilots" posted at naval bases, by  watching fractions of the fleet at  such places as Dover, Sheernoss,  Portsmouth and Harwich���������in short,  by. keeping one's eyes open it was  possible to build up a shadowy outline of the general scheme that costs,  incidentally, $10,000,000 a day, by  which England has succeeded in com  pleting her isolation, warding off invasion and cutting off Germany from  the outside, world.. :  "1 have scon at the Mention and  Brooklands aerodromes officers of the  Naval Air Service and of the Royal  Flying Corps���������the pilots of an air  fleet, it is now known on the authority of Under-Secretary of State for  War Tennant, numbering 7,000 air  craft. I. have watched these airmen  at .-.war games, practising at attacking Zeppelins and preparing for the  promised grand aerial raid on Krupp's  and other vital spots in the enemy's  territory. At present England has  10,000 men at work turning out aeroplanes. In addition America constructors are working day and night  rigging machines for Great Britain.  Up to -June 30 the United States  had shipped 250 aeroplanes, valued at  $2,000,000, to England. There are now  standing orders .for sixty -machines a  week until'the end of the war.  'Except for her submarines, the  German fleet is effectively bottled. It  is believed to be absolutely impossible, for any enemy vessel to run the  gauntlet through the Straits of Dover  oVing .to the immense 'mine fields  that choke that 18 mile wide channel  and the 15 inch guns that dominate  the situation from Dover to Calais.  Not even a submarine can pass down  the English Channel, thanks to the  maze of submarine nets, and traps  that have been set. To get out, submarines   must    make   the circuitous  ly to the attention of the people of  Saskatchewan many facts of a very  startling character. If a primary purpose of the elementary schools is lo  prepare the rising generation in this  province for the rights, privileges and  duties of citizenship in an English-  speaking and- self-goyerning community, it is evident that the people must  face the facts in a serious and nonpartisan manner and help the authorities to enact and enforce proper measures of reform.  Professor Oliver of Saskatoon has,  through Saskatchewan Public Education League, made public 'the results  of a very extensive investigation made  by him .with' regard to conditions in  non-English settlements. Everyone  knows, of course, that many hundreds  of Saskatchewan children are growing  up with-no education at all. ' For example there are some ���������1,100 Community Doukhobors in northeastern Saskatchewan, none of whom send their  children to school. Hundreds of other  children of non-English-speaking parentage, though receiving a nominal  schooling, generally in parochial  schools, are receiving either no instruction at all in English or else so  little as lo be entirely inadequate.  This state of affairs ' characterizes  numerous districts where, despite the  law of the land, no public schools are,  being maintained. For example, in the  neighborhood of Warman and Hague,  Dr. Oliver found seventeen villages  and communities without any public  schools. The many hundred Mennou-  ite children of these localities are dependant for their education on parochial schools not at present subject to  GERMAN PRESS CONTINUES CAMPAIGN OF SLANDER  Some Silly Stories Regarding the   British'  Fjeet���������Success  of   the  Big   War   Loan   is   also a Subject for Sarcastic Comment  From   the German  Newspapers  growing so ;.e.iito that hardly a day  passes that the French papers do not  publish an article to soothe the agitation and comfort ihe fadings of'the  people in regard to ihe problematic  behavior of Jio potent but superprud-  enf' ally.  journey bv way of the neutral "three i any government supervision whatever.   -1 _    .-.    . -.m       '   ....       -..    .         rni. .       .      ....     ... .. !-���������_._.        i.    rtrtn     _^    .:, * ..-������-.._   mile Timit" off Norway. There' are  one or two tortuous channels left  open among the deadly mines for  friendly and neutral merchantmen  tliat can only be traversed with tho  aid of an authorized pilot. These  passageways arc guarded by 40 knot  "T-B.'s" (torpedo boat destroyers),  and seaplanes. The British government has notified Washington of the  location of several other mine fields  in the North Sea. /  The northern way out into the  world for the German fleet is almost  as effectively guarded as that to the  south. All tiie channels between John  o' Groats, the . uorthermost point  of Scotland, and the Orkney and  Shetland Islands have been set with  mines and submarine traps,? or blocked with cap hired German ships that  have been filled with rocks and stones  and sunk in the fairways. Between  tha -;. Shetlands and the Norwegian  "three mile limit"- are other mine  fields. Somewhere, in -the neighborhood . of'Kirkwall ��������� or cruising between the Shetlands and'Scandinavia,  is the main body, of the Grand Fleet of  battle cruisers, and Dreadnoughts,  anxiously waiting ' for "the Day."  With steam up, other squadrons of  warships are stationed at such, ports  as.Aberdeen, Duudes, Rosyth, I-Iartle-  pbcil, Harwich, Sheerness, Chatham  and Dover, ready to outflank any German flotilla that might'- venture  forth.  4  More Shells Needed  Allies   Will  Berlin   by  Hew   Way   to  High Explosives  Albert Thomas, French minister of  munitions, who has returned from  London, granted an interview at his  headquarters in the. Claridge:  "There is no need to make a mystery of mv visit to London," he said.  ".My conversation with Lloyd George  led to an agreement by which the  iwo governments will exchange what  we call first materials. That is to  say, certain products of the soil of  France will be exchanged for certain  products from England.  "Take the case of a particular chemical used in the manufacture of ox-  plosives and dyes. In tho ordinary  way the surplus of material required  for national defence would he allowed  lo French manufacturers. Now, by  virtue of our agreement, England will  have a supply and French manufacturers will only got the remainder. It  is the nation first, you percieve. England will do exactly the same for us-  "Have we enough shells? you ask.  Of course, we have not, and we never  shall have enough. The more we 1139  the more  we want.  "J shall nover bo satisfied until  land has surpassed even our great  put, and may toll you 1 have not  reached   the   maximum  gram tne.  England is making groat strides in  production. 1 noticed a very great  increase since my last visit, but the  British workman "should understand  that evcrv shell saves the  one of the allied soldiers.  "Never mind about any  cal calculations as to how  of steel it takes to kill a  .sweetest mmric a soldier  Unfortunately, I do not speak English,  and Mr. Lloyd George does not speak  French, so we have to converse  through an interpreter. But we.were  united in spirit." .  Finish of Bulgaria  Kng-  out-  yet  pro-  Iti the schools of 800 of these youn  citizens of Saskatchewan, no word of  English is ever taught or spoken. Dr.  Oliver is authority for the statement,  based upon his own personal observation, that not a single teacher in  charge of any of these children knows.  English himself well enough to be able  to teach it to anybody else.  In the vicinity of Humboldt also,  Dr. Oliver found many German districts in which independent private  schools; conducted at least half the  day in German, are being maintained  instead of public schools, "with a view  to avoiding all government control  over the subject-matter and method of  the education extended to the children.  In at least some of our French settlements also Dr. Oliver found that insufficient" attention is being devoted to  familiarizing the children with the  English language.  > Dr. Oliver has also made a special  study of a rural municipality in the  northeastern part of the province, set-  tleaxalmost exclusively by Doukhobor-;'  -and Ruthenians. Of a. hundred homes  .at which" he made personal visits, only  three provide readers for any Canadian newspaper published in English.  The Ruthenian papers taken, stand definitely for resistance to the process of  national assimilation. In ten schools  visited in this locality he found only  sixteen children representing English-  speaking families. In eight out of  fourteen schools the teachers were  Ruthenians and in many cases' they  were using their mother tongue freely  to supplement the instruction in English. Of the 25 Ruthenian teachers in  one inspectorate, the" school inspector  classified 6 as doing good work, 10  fair, and I' poor- Of the 200 school  i districts in which the majority of the  ^ratepayers are Ruthenian, 75' or SO  i employ Ruthenian teachers, less than  i a dozen of whom hold professional cer-  lifo of some  ma themat:-  niany tons  German. The  hears is the  whistling of a shell ou its way to the  German trenches.  "Vott have scon what we can do  when we have a fair supply of shells,  They drove the enemy back iu the  Champagne and Arloi.s districts, but  to drive him out of France ami Belgium we want and must have many,  many more. The way to Berlin will  have to bo hewed by great explosives.  "My visit to London gave me groat  personal satisfaction and I shall probably return there soon, because by  reason of the great British organization it is bettor for me to go there.  Russia Today is Stronger Than at Be  ginning of Conflict  "We have been prepared for such au  eventuality. We will send tin army into Bulgaria, and when the war is over  there will be no such country in existence."  ��������� This was tho reply of Vladimir V.  Bar, one of the most distinguished  Russian citizens now in England, on  behalf of tho Russian war munitions  committee, when asked the effect on  the intry of Bulgaria into the war  would have on Russia.  "Bulgarians will not want to fight  tho Russians," lie continued, "but the  Russians will surely light the Bulgarians now tliat they have turned  traitors to Russia."  He not only stamped as worthless  fabrications reports emanating from  German sources of the tendencies toward revolution in Russia, and tho  growth of sentiment for a separate  peace, but dcek.rsd emphatically that  Russia, is stronger today than at the  beginning of the war.  "So far as we are concerned," ho  remarked, "Russia is only just beginning." Referring to his work with  regard to the munitions problems, he  said: "Perhaps I shall be here for two  years more." His inference was evident. Russia was making contracts  for munitions for periods of two years.  Me continued:  "We have the means and the men  to carry on tha war as long as may )a  necessary. Germany will be defeated. She is fighting now without reserves. Besides, tip nation can survive, when if has based its relations  with the world on lies and deceit, and  when its leaders and government deliberately mislead their own people."  j tificates.  I     This is serious news,  could easily be given.  and more of it  ! New Kind of Gas Used by Germans  j A new kind of gas apparently is being used by the Germans.in the fighf-  ' ing in the Champagne. Details regard-  j ing its effects were given Dr. Lucien  I Dumont by sufferers he was called to  | attend in Paris hospitals. According to  [the written statements of three men  who fought respectively at Souain.  j Suippcs iir.d Morauvillc, they wore sur-  j rounded for a few second?; by clouds or  ' deep green gas of a rather pleasant  | odor. These men assorted tliat sold-  j iers who wore no masks soon were  l suffocated, while those with masks  j lost consciousness for varying per- j  j iods. j  I 'Upon regaining consciousness at;  i field dressing stations, they said, (hoy  i suffered convulsive seizures resem-  jbiing epileptic fits. I'pon their' ar-  i rival at the Paris hospital they wore  j found to have an extremely weak  | pulse and to. be suffering from g.-m-  | oral prostratio:., but showed none of  ! tho    symptoms     hitherto    associated  No feature of the European war has  been more galling to the Germans than  the magnificent manner in which Britain's overseas empire has rallied spontaneously round the flag of the motherland. It will ever remain to their glory  that -within ��������� twenty-fours hours of the  declarationof war Australia, New Zealand, Canada, South Africa, India and  even the small and remote outposts of  the empire were clamoring to send  their sons to Franco to fight the old  country's battle for freedom and honor. Now, fourteen months later, after  tasting all the horrors of the new warfare evolved by the satanio ingenuity  of tiie Huns, 'their enthusiasm burns  as fiercely as ever, and more and yet  more men, knowing full Sveil what they  have to face, are hastening across the  seven seas to help the motherland to  victory.  All this is gall and wormwood to  Germany, and her press,'acting, unflv  orders, loses no opportunity of decrying "these deluded colonials,' of impugning their courage or of inventing  clumsy storier. of disaffection and revolt.  ������������������..'���������    The   Berlin   Post     and   the: official  Cologne Gazette have been the.leaders  in this vain campaign, and the former'  again recur;; to it in the following:  "In vain do the English fry to persuade the colonics to make greater  sacrifices. In Australia they have heard  all about the formidable losses at the  Dardanelles .-.nd also about the constant quarrels and lights between English-and ���������.���������Australian soldiers, and so  The Englishmen's urgent cry for help  remains unanswered in thai quarter.  "In this way it lias come about that  England has nothing to expect from  the colonics and now treads her difficult,, thorny road alone,'deserted by  those on whose aid she had so'surely  reckoned. .  "The colonial part in' t.he .war has  u-en, played to "a finish.'- The colonies  have no wish to bleed their youth to  death in a war the scene of which is.  laid thousands of miles away. They  deem, and rightly so, tliat they have  dons more than enough, instead of  sending fresh troops they are now.  thinking how they unity best turn'England's difficulty to account iu'exfend-'  ing their own rights and . widening  their own liberties."  . The Berlin Kreuz-Zeiiung is greatly  concerned at the continued 'inactivity'  of the British fleet:  "The British fleet has hitherto contented itself with playing tho none too  of   watch-and-  the /world's  heroic role of a sort  closing committee for  seas.  "In England, of course, they are  quite satisfied with the results gained.  Among the allies, however, who have  been allotted by far the most difficult  part in the war performance, the relief which England's."most formidable  navy could bring would be thankfully  hailed.  "fn Franco the misgivings as to the  visible action of the British licet are  it  "���������Her rest is as effective as her action,' says Mr. Milne, alluding to Britain's fleet. Wo make bold to '-transpose  this phrase so that it runs,������������������Her action  is as effective as her rest,'"  Jt has been a' matter of common  knowledge for some time that tho new  German war loan has proved more or  less of a failure, and' the Cologne Ga-  ette now reveals the, fact that it is  more rather than less:  "There are still large numbers of  people who have not subscribed to the  war loan; There must, undoubtedly,  remain many 0f our 75,000,000 who can  afford to lend $25 to $30 to the country, but so far only '2,(590,000' persons  have subscribed to the'-loan.  Where are the other millions? Are  these people ready, for the sake of a  hundred marks, to give our enemies  ground for their'widespread statements that Germany has arrived at  the end of her financial resources, or  have they no faith in the future of  the empire and in its power to redeem  its pledges?  "As things stand at present tho general supply of the war loan is certainly not of a character to justify us in  holding up our heads very proudly before the world."  The Hamburg Nachrichlen, however,  still keeps up the farce of pretending  that it has been a transcendent success.  "In Germany, of course, the utterly  unneutral machinations of American  bankers, such as Morgan, to secure  for England���������to their own profit naturally���������the 'silver bullets' she so sorely needs to prolong this hellish war,  will be regarded ��������� witu outraged feelings, but we have no cause whatever  for disquietude. On the contrary, the  spectacle of 'free,' 'haughty' and 'unhampered' Great -Britain begging for a  loan on the doorstep of American dollar princes should cheer us greatly.  "It is only the Central Powers that  stillsfand 'free,' 'haughty' and 'unhampered' as they were. Not only have we  fought great battles ;_we have also contrived to arm and equip- our troops  quite independently of foreign countries, and we have clad and amply fed  our people without getting indebted  to-the foreigner.  "England, France, Russia and Italy,  all of them, are looking to. Wall street  and hanging on the golden words which  are to fall from the lips of the oil,  railroad aud  pork 'packing lungs.  "We, on our part,- stride again, as  we have done twice before, vitlrheads  held, high in conscious dignity to the  counters of the German banks,- while  o the loan beggars over yonder we  give the G.vinun ��������� answc"- 'We subscribe to the third, war loan.' "  with gas poison. Ii  Prussia acid is used  the tew gas.  is believed  I  as  the  basis  lat  of  Gossipy Wife���������When my  married mo he said he would  his life for me.  Second G.W.���������So did mint1  I can't oven got him to lay  stair carpet.  husband  lay down  , hut, now  down the  To Supply Vegetable to Europe  A plant for Ihe drying and evaporating of vegetables will bo established  and in operation in Vancouver within  tho nest few weeks. It i-i being inaugurated as a branch of the Graham  Company of Belleville, Ontario, and  will be operated under that name,  with a capacity of about two cars of  vegetables daily and employing from  150 to "00 hands. Another similar  plant will be operated in Kelowna in  the building of the old Western Cannery Company. While no definite  statements have been made regarding  the output, it is possible that those  plants are being established as a direct result of the war and will be under contract with one or more of the  Kuropean nations,  Trair e .1 Help Required  Technical Education is Needed For the  Youth,  Including  Agricultural  Training  Mr. Rhys D. Farbairn, president of  tho Ontario Association for the Promotion cf Technical Education, iu an address delivered at the i'.Uo annual  meeting of the Commission of Conservation, said:  "There -arc probably 100,000 boys  and girls in Canada of an ago from 1.4  to 10 years who every year become eu-  i.gad in occupations connected with  the manufacturing, agricultural, mining, or transportation-interests. Tho  present general piati of education docs  not provide .sufficiently for these  young people. The apprentice system  has passed. ;.iul technical education  in net take its place. Tho increasing  cost of living makes it essential that  those young" men and women should  have opportunities t.o prepare themselves for position* which would bring  larger incomes. E\ cry manufacturer  knows that ii, v^y-' to engage trained  woi;kor-5 at high wages or saiaries, in  preference to cheap unskiMed labor-  "Technical education, including  training in agriculture, is essential  to the future of Canada. It will require a laru,e expenditure of money,  but it is vital to the progress of the  nation to have its youm: men and women properly trained for liioir life  work. With fho exception ni the war,  there is no other qiioyti-ui before the  people of Canada today of so groat importance. If Canadian workmen had  tho requisite training, many orders  which now yo lo foreign nianiil'Hcltir-  ors would bo filled in Canada. Not  only that, but such iraining would lie a  great advantage in ihe intelligent development of the couj'.iry'.s vast natural resoiircs. i" i- nt;t .-o niucli a  question of tho I a-: I; of capita! that  handicaps Canadian manufacturer.-! as  it, is of not having : >iT:.. :ent .-killed  help."  It, i.s estimated  ihai   t!i" daily new.-:-'  papers   of     tho     foiled   .<r.it.c;   and  Canada  have  suffered  a  loss of ������"!.*>,-  00(1,000   during   ho   first   year   of   the.  war.    This  loss  iaclud ���������.-;    tho    extra  cost  of  rpoehil   eorre.-poieifnee,   news ]  service  aud advertising  iv.tmie. and |  incroaKo   in    circulation     expeai-es.��������� ,  Printer and Publisher.  Demonstration  Farm Returns  Prof.     Bedford    Announces   Result  of  Year's Work at. Manitoba Agricultural College  ��������� The-demonstration farm located on  the   Manitoba     Agricultural     college  grounds consists of seven fields, each  one acre in extent, and"i.s intended to  demonstrate   a  suitable     rotation   of  crops and grasses for the Red River  valley.  Field No- 1 is in alfalfit. and yielded a total of :; tons 51-' pounds in the-  two cuttings. The hay was excellent in quality. Tho yield, however,  was reduced by the dry weather of  tho spring. This was the second year  for this field.  Field Xo. L' produced fj.Sfn) pound a  of cured rod clover hay. 'J'lie catch  was a very even ono, hut ihe yield  was reduced from tiie ^ame causa as  the alfalfa.  Field No. .''. was wheal f-own on  summerfailow, and gave the- magnificent yield of ������j"> bushels per aero.  The variety was .Marquis. As tills  was hand picked in do field, tho  .-sample should make excellent reed,  for which purpose it v.il be u'-sod en  tho  other demonstration   farm:-;  Field No. t v,as in banner o.it-. ard  yielded h7 bushels and If pound;- per  aero. These oat- weighed I:; pounds  to I ho measured bushel, which i- unusually heavy for banner oat.-.  Field No. a was, in corn. 1-ut owing  to the late spring'and early fail I'mtt  the yield was only nine tons and a  quarter p.-r acre, >  Field So. {', was Marquis win at on  corn si libido and ;'.a\r: a yhdd cf "S  bushels and |(> pounds per acre.  Field No. 7 was partly .-ummcr-  faliowod but then sown with clover-  There is a good catch, i'.ud is expected to winter safely.  It. is interesting to note that .this  land was largely covered with water  in the early history of the farm, but.  sinoo the drains have boon introduced  into the field it is perfectly dry, and  is in excellent condition for Cue growing of oer.-als.  Feeding animals  sriei.ee as well as i  who would fe.'ul to ;  kt.ov, the science as  is nowadays n  in ai t. The feeder  ;roatest profit will  well as the art-  :miMMa������Ei)BBM������BraarjBBi THE.  SUh,    GKAND   FORKS,   B. C.  mounted.    Keturii tu K K W. Mills  and receive reward.  The annual Christmas tree enter-  tuinmant of the Baptist Sunday  school will bo hold Tuesday, December, at 7:30 p.m. A hearty invita  tion is extended to all the parents,  members of the cradle roll and  home departments and friends of  the school to be present.  Mrs. Berhie, of the Okanagan, is  viaitiug tier daughter, Mrs. I"'. M.  Keroy.  Oytters served at tne Imperial   in  .seven different languages.  j  Lieut. Stenstrom returned this  week from Vancouver, where he has  been for a couple of months taking  a course in military instructions.  "To Mv People- The Solemn Appeal of King George," is the subject  of the evening address at the Methodist church on Sunday next. Rev.  J. D Hobden will preach at 11 a.m.  and 7:30 p.m. The services aie  bright and interesting and a welcome  is Extended to all.  Tiie lirst carload ol ore lrom the  lied buck mine near Princeton was  snipped to the Greenwood smelter  lust week. It is reported that an  ollionu ol ttie British Uulunibia Copper company Lias offered to bond  thiu property.  it is only one week more to  Christmas, fcJome ol tne money  which some ol our delinquent stio-  bcnOcrs are toting arutuid in their  pockets would oe very acceptable to  Tne iStin us Christmas presents. It  has taken us many years lo earn it  n a laige number of cases.  Christmas Cigars, put up in boxes  <>f 10 and 25. sold at the Hub Cigar  Factory or from any dealer.  \V. J. Penrose and family have  moved from Victoria to Long Beach,  Cal. Mr. Penrose is quite enthusiastic over the California climate.  He may yet immortalize the balmy  breezes in verse.  Mrs. I. A. Dinsmore  from Saskatoon, Sask.,  ville, Ont.  has   moved  to   Merrick-  I lie Copper Star   mine, seventeen  nilies troin   Merritt,   is  snipping ore  have  p!lM  Miss   Mary   Lawson   and    Miss  Gladys   McCreath,    of   Greenwood,  spent the week end in this city.  W. Tasker will spend the Christmas holidays in Vancouver with his  brother, who has been invalided  home from the war. Mr. Tasker  lost an arm while fighting at the  trout in Flanders.  W. Liddicoat returned   on   Saturday from the Trail poultry show.  Last Saturday the war bulletins  coincided with the war news in the  daily papers for the first time in  many moons.  A Warrior of Today  The   methods    of    warfare  changed    enormously    m   the  year.    The sword, for pxample,   has  almost disappeared from  var.  A story comes from the Argonne  about a French chas?eur who took  a German officer prisoner. The  chasseur, a boy, said, to the oflicer:  "Give up your sword!"  But the oflioor shook his head  and answered: "I have no sword to  give up But won't my vitriol  spray, my oil projector, or my gas-  cylinder do as well?"  mas  How much harder it is to select a gift for a man than for   a woman!  This is about  the time of the year that   lamentation becomes the loudest.  Next   time  vou   hear   it. just advice your friend to visit our nen's  store.     Christmas shopping thete is a pleasure  So many attractive gift, suggestions present tliemsel ves on overy side;  that tho only difficulty i.s to choose the very best one��������� accessoriesjof dress  in the smart but conservative stvlos which the men like. Little cold-  weathei" requisites such as Collars, Ties, Hosiery, Suspenders, Hats,  Caps, etc. The suggestions there are innumerable." Others, when you  begin to puzzle over what to give a man friend or relative, put on your  wraps and visit our men's store. You will find the gift to please'him  most. "*  Xmas Neckwear  What, adds more to a man's u"ppcsir  a nee than   one   of   MaeDougall   &  Mac Donald's latest, Xmas   Ties; all  the latest colorings.  Prices 25e, Sou, 50c, 75c, SI 00  Xmas Handkerchiefs  Our lines of Handkerchiefs are compvfe in cotton  nicely   initialed   with   all   letters.     Prioes-  silk, 50c.  Xmas Shoes  See the neat line of Shoos: the very  thing for a gift; cloth tops anil buttoned and faced; ail siz-'s  Prices S3.75, -I 50, o.OO, 5 50,  (j.00 a pair.  inou and silk.     Also  Cotton,   JSo,   10c: linen,  loo;  Lost���������On Tuesday last, between  Kettle Valley station and my home,  black   leather chatelain   bag, siiver  THE PJPtS  Then wild and high the "Cameron's  Gathering" rose���������  The   war   note of   Lochiel, which  Albyn's hills  Have heard���������and   heard, too,   have  her Saxon foes���������  How in the   noon   of   night   that  pibroch thrills,  Savage and shrill!     But with   the  breath which fills  Their mountainous  pipes, so fill the  mountaineers  With    the    fierce   native   daring  which  instils  The stirring mernorv of   a thousand  years,  And Evan's, Donald's fame rings in  each clansman's ears!  ���������Byron.  ESS   S  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  New Harness"fnd do a11 $ud?A������l  harness repairing. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Xmas Shirts  W c hav(j received a .shipment of ihe very  late-.t in Shirts with collars flei .iclieil, in  the'!,vtest coloring; all sizes.  Prices 75c, SI.00, 1.2-1,  1 50 each-  Xma?  Gloves  Call and see the now line of Gloves we are  showing for Xmas; lined and untitled; tuns,  brown, all sizes The real thing for your  'riend.      Prices $1.35,  I 50 a pair.'  Xmas Hats and Caps  A hat or a cap would make a suitable gift  for vour friend. Wo have them in _all the  latest shades and designs; a11 sizes.  Cap Prices, 05c. Sou. 81.00,  1.25.  1 50  Hat Prices, SI 7 5 and 2.00  Call and see lines nf Underwear in Combinations; all sizes.  Prices $ I.-Jo.    1.50,   2 7")   a   srarmont.     Also  two piece suit Underwear, SI 00, -2.50, 3.00 up to S 00 a  Mot   ,s,-��������� r.-i ��������� neat  lino of   Sweaters," in   all   colors  Prices Si.00, 2.25, 3 25, 3.75, 4 50, 5 00, G 00 each.  Mann's Old Drug Store  Nest Telephone Office  Bridge Street  ARN1NG TO PARENT!  PARENTS are requested  to prevent  their  r-hildren   lrom   coasting  on  sidewalks   or   htmy     thoroughfares  within the city limits.  Hv order of Citv Council.  JOHN A. MUTTON".  City Clerk.  Lieut. Wilkinson left for  Victoria  on Fridav  ��������� MaeDougall & MacDonald have re  ceived    a    laioje    shipment   of   men's  gloves, lined and unlined heavy work  ing gloves; also dress >2loves  for evening wear.     Prices from 85c   to   S2.00  a pair.  ���������r.-ri'  -'vX    J  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  We  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     Porrioge Oats  "     Ferina  raham  "      WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  :y;-l  Granby ShJpmants  The   following are    the   monthly  shipping   figures   from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  ! Tons  ."January   42.21 1  I February    63,091  (March  69.948  | Agril  85.332  .May 100.693  June   103,00-1  ���������July 101,0:38  , August 103,062  September '.     93,245  October    96,430  November   82.18"  Lost, Strayed or Stolen  Call and see. r,hs   rnw linj of -shift  MaeDougall & MacDonald are   show-  One bay colt,  one   year   old, white   ing for t.he. Xmas   season, with collars  stripe    in   face,   one   white hind leg;' detached, all sizes, in stripes and   the  lost    since    April-  1st hist      Any in- ' latent   do-ugiis.  formation that   will   lead to its recov-   S1.50 each,  ery will he rewarded by addressing  R. Simpson',  Grand Forks.   15. C.  Prices from Si.25 t  There may be   a poultry show   in  Greenwood next, month.  Ladies, call and see the late-t in  shoes MaeDougall ct MacDonald are  showing for men; in button and laced;  tans and blacks. The real gift for  your gentlemen ;riends. Prices S3.75  to SG.Ol) a pair  W-atcheSjC locks and Jewellery"  Go to  Mw������$&������  First Street, Grand Forks  Christmas Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  otal 940,31  For Sale b^l  END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OE DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a bicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep those celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty  '. R. Mooyboer S^fi^a ������  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or liea like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  In mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.  You realize- in five minutes how need-  loss it i'- ro suffer from indigestion,  dyspopsi; jr any -stotnac.il Unorder.  J!.'.'} tin ou'ekost, surest stomach doctor   in    the   world.     It's   wonderful.  utter*  ers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink. _ Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  Pe SUN PRINT SHOP  i I  n  -ft  I  *<  *���������  m  i > f ;������������s  / i  \\   I  I  w  if  v  \\  h


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