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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 3, 1915

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 i!-"-.-  IP  ������**.������* 'ij'.������L\V/v������;  UI.SsPW.BU~i.. tj;t.-������ ������Bfi.S:3KSM!1S:!V"JLE. ���������SBSC^-^f&SWSHiaSft'r ^  ^V^^i-J'-^"^-^.:^^  0   ���������  ^icTO^t?^^ '. '  ' ��������� Legis,a,tive Ubrary  Kettle Valley Orchardist  w-    -  ir,J������  B.*t  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No   5  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, .1 -ECEMUEH 3, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAR  ������������������V  If-  A carload of, the plant of  the vegetable evaporator has  arrived in the city,~and is now  being unloaded at the cannery  building.    Monday  next the  'work of installing  the piping  in. the. building will be com-  .raeneed, and the plant will be  . in operation before long.When  operated at its - full  capacity,  between sixty   aud   seventy  yersons.will be  employed, it  being   the. intention   of  the  company to work two .shift.  .About 800 tons of local potatoes have been hauled to the  evaporator so far. On Monday . a shipment of two carloads is expected from the  ���������state of Washington.  new jewelery store on First street last  Monday. They report having had a  good trade from the start.  James Marshall has retired from  management of the Strathcona hotel  in Nelson.  The court of revision for the revision of the municipal voters' list will  be held in the city hall on the 10th  instant.  Tne Penticton city council ��������� has  purchased war loan bonds to the  ���������emount of $18,500.  Services will be held in the Methodist church next Sunday as usual.  The pastor, Rev. J. D. Hobden, will  preach.  At the Presbyterian church next  Sabbath evening, December 5, the  pastor will preach a sermon on the  subject, "Our Duty With Respect to  the Liquor Traffic."  1EWS OF IHE CI  Captain W. Laws, a brother of'E.  F. Laws, of this city, who is engaged  in active service on the Gallipoli  peninsula, was last week awarded  the D.S.O. medal by Gen Ian Hamilton. ���������---'---  Fred Graham, late editor of the  Phoenix Pioneer, arrived in the city  on Monday, and pnlistedMn the In-  pendent Company of Rifles for  overseas service.  Lieut. Wilkinson, of the Independent Company of Rifles, spent a  few days, in Nelson this week on  business.  Sleighing is good in every town in  the Boundary, excepting Grand Forks  There were thirty-three inches of  snow in Phoenix this week.  N   Luse has   moved  from Phoenix.  to   this   city  Rev. J. D. Hobden left last Monday ��������� for Vancouver to attend the  prohibition convention.  Lieut. Wilkinson'left yesterday for  Vancouver, where he- will take a  course of instruction for a  captaincy..  _. An 80 horsepower boiler was moved  from the Jewel mine this week to the  Eirumumirie... The water makes six  feet a "day in the Emma when the  pump is not in operation.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  The following''pupils of the public school have been neither late nor  absent during November.  division ;.��������� principal's class.  Annie Anderson, Lily Ardiel,Marie  Barnum, Blair Cochrane, Murrel Galloway, Reggie Hull, Mildred Hutton.  Edith Larsen, Gladys Latham, Sarah  McCallum, Eddie McIlwaine,Gwennie  Mcllwaine, Abram Mo'oyboer, Thomas  Reaburn, Frances Sloan Agnes Staf-  ord, Violet Walker.  division ii  Anrena Barnum, Wilfrid Brown.  Dorothy Burns, Helen Campbell,  George Cooper, Mary Cooper, Bernard  Crosby, GweudolynHumphreys, Ruby  Keeling,Lydia Kelleher, Donald Laws,  Loretta Lyden, Muriel Spraggett, Vernon Forrester.  division III.  ��������� Edith Coryell, Ray Fori ester,   Isa-  belle Glaspell, CorenaHarkness,Helen  Massie,      George    Meikle,   Margaret  Michener, Jennie Miller, Edward Po  ten tier, Vernon Siddall.  division IV.  Charles   Bishop,    Cecelia   Crosby,  Randolph Davis, Harold  King, Walter   Larsen,    Boyd " Nichols,    -Den is  O'Conner,  Trimble.  Jeanette   Reburn,    Fred  division v.  Fred J. Smyth, editor and manoger  of the Princeton Star, was married  \.in Spokane this week to a young lady  weighing 170 pounds. Mr. Smyth  was formerly the Grand Forks cor  respondent of the Nelson News  The:Greenwood' volunteer reserves  have suspended drilling operations for  the present.  Coasting on the sidewalks s-hould  be stopped. Itis dangerous alike to  the children svho engage in the sport  and to pedestrians.  . R. R. Gilpin, customs officer at this  port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts at the  various sub-customs offices, as reported to the chief office in this city,  for the month of  November,  1915:  Grand Forks................. $1,639.13  Phoenix..... ..;  820.97  Carson...  ....... 325.15  Cascade... .............A...... 70.99  Total  $2,586.2.4  Judge Brown held a sitting of the  county court in Green  nesday,  wood  on  Wed-  The British Columbia   Copper company will receive $8000 or 89000   in  surance as a result of   the burning of  the customs ore bunkers last week.  P. W. Dempster,of Victoria, grand  master of the Oddfellows, was in the  city this week.  Bob Kerr is reported wounded.  He was a conductor between this citv  and Phoenix before going to the front  The city of Greenwood has invested  it's sinking fund of $20,000 in Dominion war loan bonds, with coupons  A public meeting in the interests of  the temperance movement in British  Columbia will be held in the Baptist  church'. Grand Forks, on Wednesday,  the 8th of December, at S o'clock p.  in. At this meeting.Rev. J D. Hobden will report on the deliberations of  the executive committee of the people's prohibition movement recently  held in Vancouver, which he attend  ed as a delegate. An open discussion  will follow, and the formation of a  branch society of this movement will  be taken up Special music will be  provided.    Everybody welcome.  An attempt will be made by the  Greenwood city council to raise the  fee of the liquor licenses in that town.  Serbia's National Hymn  God of Justice! Thou who saved us  When in deepest bondage cast,  Hear thy Serbian children's voices,  Be our help as in the past.  With thy mighty hand sustain us,  Still our rugged pathway trace;  God, our Hope!     Protect and cheri.-h   Maurice Lane, Francis Larama,   Mor-  Mary Berau, Coryl Campbell, May  Crosby, Lavina Crowder, Grace Gra  ham, Lilian Hull,. Emma Irving,  Frances Latham, Flora McDonald.  John Meinel, Amy Peckham Nicholas  Skrebneff, Jennie Stanfield. jbranees  IP Ren, Oswald Walker.  DIVISION VI.  Kenneth Campbell, Freddie Cooper,  Annie Crosby, Harry Dmytryk, Chow  Fung,Gunnar Halle.Clarence Hoover,  Melville Hoover, John Lane, Vera  Lyden, Lawrence McKiunon, Jimmie  Needham, Leonia Reed, Mark Trux-  ler,  Leoua U'Ren.  division vii..  Nellie Allen, L>la Biker, Joe  Bishop, Harry Carpenter, Francis  Crosby, Mary Fleming, Irene Frau-  kovitch, Nora Harris, Charlotte. Lus-  coinbe, Annie Marovitch, John Peterson, Ester Rice, Hilda Smith, Clare  U'Ren, Lews Wal dron.  ��������� division viii.  Jennie    Allan,    Vera    Bickerton,  Fied  Bryenton, James Clark,   Harry  Cooper,  Dorothy  DeCew, Fred   Gah-  peau, Margaret Hacking, Arne Halle,  Olive   Irvmg, Lem John, Ruth Larama, Elsie  Liddicoat, Kenneth Msssie,  Ethel Miller, Juck   Miller,   E'������a   Mo-  rella,   Stuart Ross, Edmond Wells.  division IX.  Janet Bonthron, Earl    Fitzpatrick,  Frank Gordon, Err.est Madden, Bessie  Harkness,   Herbert     Harris,   Joseph  Lyden,    Gordon     McCallum,    Vio'et  Meikle, Paulina   Mohler,    Murguerita  Pe8.������i,   llosina   Pe-isi, Carl    Peterson,  Henry    Reid, Rupert  Sullivan, Lucy  Teabo, Hazel Waldron, MildredWeth-  ercll, Merle Wright.  DIVISION   X���������KECEIVINO .CJ.,\SS.  Bruna Berazowska, Edward   Dmy  tryk,   John   Graham,   Vera   Hoover,  Wallace Huffman,     Paul    Kingston,  Last Sunday, between 12 and I  o'clock in the afternoon, fire broke  out in Arthur Webster's house, near  the Great Northern station, and it  was damaged to the extent of $700  or $800 before the flames were ex  tinguished. The loss is partly covered by insurance. ��������� The t fire department responded promptly to the  call, and saved the building from  complete destruction. Tbe neighbors arrived early on the scene and  saved all the furniture. The lire is  supposed to have started Jrom tbe  kitchen range.  LYRIC PLAYERS  T  SIMPLETONS?  The attack on the "Crisis in B. C."  goes merrily forward. As we predicted would be the ease, the whole  gove.mment press has been ordered to  shout in chorus that the verdict in-the  Lucas case amounted to positive disproof of every statement contained in  that pamphlet. As"the'"Crisis", cou-  tains a myriad of charges against the  government, of which the Lucas mat-  tor was but one, it can easily De seen  that the contents have not heeu affected by the result of the trial. To  pretend otherwise is a cheap and  transparent fraud that svill mislead  nobody.  The campaign has now assumed  another phase. Taking its cue from  Mr. Bowser, the Week of Victoria, a  personal organ of Sir Richard's, has  fallen to roundly abusing ministers of  the gospel in the following delicate  fashion:  "No.one expects a minister of the  gospel to possess any business ability,  or -even common 'horse seuse.' In  proportion as he is a good minister, he  becomes unworldly to a degree which  disqualifies him frem participating in  public affairs. It is a notorious fact  that when he does so he makes a mess  of it."  In adopting methods of the kind,  the Week closely follows in the track  of Sir Rodmond Rublin, whose coarse  attacks on the ministers of Winnipeg  so closely followed his expulsion from  public life and subsequent appearance  in the police courts as a malefactor  and a criminal.  Mr   Blakeinore, the editor   of   the  Week, evidently   thinks   that  who are without guile and  Thursday, December 9, is the  date fixed for the first production  by the Lyric Dramatic society. The  play selected for this performance  will be a musical-comedy edition of  Earnest J. Whistler's two-act farce-  comedy, "At the Postern Gate."  Tbe entertainment will be given for  the benefit of the Grand Forks  branch of the Red Cross society.  The cast of characters will be as follows:  Carolyn Wells Miss Joyce Barlee  Molly Mrs. E. F. Laws  Mary Mrs. E. E Gibson  Richard Mr. Nelson  Herbert Mrs. E. "F. Laws  ��������� Other ladies who will tike part in  the program are: Mrs. Acres,Misses  Bowen, Taylor,Gaw, Kerman,Mann,  Sloan, Haverty, Traunweiser and  McKinnel; men, Don Manly, Arnold Carter, Douglas Carter, Pound,  McLeod and G. M. L^e. Tbe orchestra is composed of Miss A. Le-  quime and Messrs. Coker, McLeod  and Fielding,  The action of the first act   of  the  play takes iu tbe garden   at Molly's  home.    The scene  in the second act  io the same as in the  first  act,   the  time^beingtbe evening of the  same  day. Special scenery by E. J. Coker.  A feature of the  entertainment will  be the  introduction of tbe Maxixe  dance,   to   be performed   by Misses  Mann,   Bovven,   Traunweiser,    and  Messrs. Manly, McLeod and Arnold  Carter.    This   has been specially arranged by Miss G. Attree.  Tbe play  will   he   produced   under the direction of Mr. E. F. Laws.    Book  your  seats at once at Downey's store. The  prices will be:    First five rows, 75c:  other seats, 50c; general   admission,  25c.    Attend and support  a worthy  eause.  appropriate to the conditions of the  threatened conflict, aud never  ceased to carry its realization into  effect with firmness and unity of  action. In view of the vastly superior forces of the enemy this plan  was devised to hold the greatest possible pari of Belgium against invasion and to establish the army on  lines of defence that resistance under fuvor-ible conditions might be  those [ made in concert with the   forces   of  ead    inno    powers guaranteeing neutrality, ami  right from  According |  cent   lives   can    not   'en   num. innu < v. .l ,;       ;.. ��������� .   i  .        , .        '"      ..       at the same tune it  avoided   expos  wrong when they see   it.     According I '     ,  to Mr. Blakeinore, to   be   a  judge of, ure   of.  lhe   army, the safeguanl of  political   crookedness,   one   must  be  the nation, to risk of disaster shouid  "worldly."   and   accustomed   to   the   junction with those   forces    not    he  dark and "devious    ways   of   political! *ffPC,K]    before    the   arrival of   the  oraeksmen; in other words,  it takes a  tqief to catch a thief.   If this is so,our  ministers would wnot   be  anxious    to j  qualify as judges���������Vancouver Sun.     , AddreSSIfig    Mail   to   Soldiers  enemy s. armies.  handling  Mrs. Monro, wife of Rev. J. II.  Monro, died in Phoenix last week  after a long illness.  W. B. Cochrane attended tiie county   court   sitting   in   Greenwood  on !  Wednesday. . I  L. L. Matthews will run the Green-  wead skating rink this winter.  Serbian crown and Serbian race!  On our sepulchre of ages  Breaks the resurrection morn,  From the slough of direst slavery,  Serbia anew.is horn.  Through five hundred years nf durance  We have knelt before thv face,  All our kin, O God! deliver!  Thus entreats the Serbian race.  Optimism always  saves   up   a littlo  sunshine for a rainy day.  ley Miller Willie Mola, Jigi Morel,  Mike Morel, Vera Morel, Harry  Nuctch, Lawrence O'Connor,Margaret  Ross, Louis O'Keefe, Fannie Shrstole-  toff, Daniel   Wilson  riven an epicure   wood   soon   tire  with a chip on his shoulder.    if his job were one continuous round      Courage is a thing you always I,  Timberlake, Son it Co. opened their  ot pudding and ice cream. until you need it.  it L  Collingridge,  London,  a   copy  of the English translation of -'L'Action    de    I'Armee Beige," a volume  recording the doings of the   Belgian  j army from its   mobilization on July  j 3.1, 1914, to the end of December in  j that year.     This   work is of  intense  (interest and of the   greatest    imiior  ta'ice at the present lime.     Onread-  After a man gets on the shady side ! *"������������������    thi*   r-'l-')rt' mUi'T '" ���������''"���������'' H,"J  of fifty he  seldom   meanders   around j strictly    confined to facts, it   is   ap-  About   the   time a   man  discovers  that he is the victim of misplaced con  fidence he also discovers that   some of  his money has been misplaced    simul  taneously.  ive  In order to facilitate the  An Interesting Book jof   mail    at   the    front and to insure  he Sun has received from W. |[. j pnjmpt delivery it  is   requested   that  all mail be addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name,  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion,   regiment   (or   other-  unit), staff'appointment    or   department.  Cf). Canadian Contingent  (ii)  British Kxpeditionary Force.  (h)  Army Post,  London,   Kngland.  Unnecessary mention of higher  formations, such as brigades, dvisinns,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay.  parent that from the first   day   the  {clgian    military   authorities    had  A false friend is a brass link in tho  conceived a plan of defence   strictly   golden chain. rJHE    SUN,   GRAND    F01lKS>   B. CT  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  'a canals ���������  Effect in Canada  Seme    Rates  Must   be  has been in  Despite the  din-ins  tliat  to the Coast  Reduced  The Panama Canal  " operation i'or one year.  t'-'Ct that tha conditions  licriod have been abnormal as regards  business and transporation, the outstanding fact remains that such lias  been the divergence ol' freight traffic  10 (he all-water route in the coast lo  coast routing that several of the big  American railroads notably the Southern Pacific and the Santa Fe, are  demanding the, right to reduce the  overland charges in order to maintain their existence. Although the  canal is an American undertaking and  the position of Canada far to the  north largely disposes of Canadian  interest therein, the shortening of the  water route to British Columbia from  around the Horn to' through the Great"  ("lit has had a certain effect and will  have a greater effect upon competitive rates between the Pacific Coast  and Eastern Canada. In this problem Canadian railroads���������especially  the Canadian Pacific���������the Railwa,y  commission, the government and the  Manufacturers' association', are vitally interested and developments are  being  closely  watched. '  Adjustment of certain freight rates  for transcontinental business is likely  to be the method adopted to meet the  issue, but there have been suggestions of /outing through New York to  American lines or the establishing of  a subsidized Canadian service from  Montreal.  According to "Vy. It. Maclnnes,  freight traffic manager of the Canadian Pacific, who has been following  closely the effect of the Panama  short-cut, on Canadian traffic, the problem is one of commerce rather than  of transportation. And being a problem of commerce if lias to be studied  largely from a theoretical standpoint  in view of the commercial conditions  which have prevailed during the period since "the opening of the canal. By  this Mr. Maclnnes means that the effect of'the war has been'such upon  1113 volume of traffic between Eastern Canada and British Columbia and  so great has been the disorganization  of oceaii services and ocean rates that  it is impossible to work definitely  from the actual returns.  Explaining the theory of commercial competition as tha important  factor in - this transportation problem, Mr. Machines went to his map  of North America, and if the reader  will do the same die will better understand the explanation. Setting clown  as a basis that the" question largely  involved was of marketing certain  'manufactured products of Eastern  Canada in British Columbia and certain products of the Pacific province  in the east, it was pointed out that in  the manufacturing belt ofthe North  Eastern States and in Ontario and  Quebac'there are certain similar products for which there is a competitive  market in British Columbia. Now if  the Panama route has the effect of  permitting the American manufac-,  turers to ship his products by water  down the Atlantic coast and up the  Pacific and then pay his duty at the  coast ports of entry and make more  favorable prices than in the past, it  becomes a direct question of reducing  the Canadian overland charges so us  to meet this condition....  Taking the Eastern and Western  Canadian markets as the ends of a  horseshoe, the water route might be  illustrated by the shoe itself.and a direct line between the calks would represent the overland. If by the opening of the canal the rates on the long  route arc reduced, then those of the  shorter route must come down also.  It is not just a question of traffic for  Ihe railroad, but a problem of commerce to preserve Che British Columbia market to the Canadian manufacturers.  Although, as stated, the conditions  which have prevailed since the opening of the canal have been such that  I he transportation problems arising  therefrom so far as Canada is concerned have hardly taken concrete  form, they have not been neglected.  The railroads and the manufacturers;  the Post is informed, have beer working together and have been keeping  their case before the railway comniis-  cion. The railroads explained to the  manufacturers that if there were reduced rales made on certain commodities to Britisli Columbia, they- must  be taken as exceptions to the general schedules and regarded without  bearing upon the tariffs to the prairie  sections. Already some slight adjustments have been made and it is taken  that there will be further changes  when the situation takes definite  form and the railroads and manufacturers can bring proof that American interests have gained an advantage on the Pacific coast. This can be  done in theory based on tariff rates,  but actual business is disorganized.  One rather important adjustment  which has been made affects the  movement'of canned salmon from  British Columbia to tiie east, especially export consignments. This i.s to  overcome   the  all-water  advantage.  One effect of the canal route will  undoubtedly be that, as 'regards certain heavy products, Eastern Canadian manufacturers will have ot regard  British Columbia in the same light  an export market and bo prepared  meet the keenest kind of competition.  There have been certain commodities  from. Eastern manufacturers upon  which ihero has been a cheaper  rate to Vancouver than to Calgary,  although the consignment went  through the latter city and then over  the costly mountain section to the  coast. The number of goods in Urn  class and the extent of the. through  advantage are likely to be. increased  by Panama  transportation.  The opinion in railroad circles is  that the problem will be solved largely by reducing transcontinental  freight tariffs, ont of great significance in relation to the traffic as a  whole, but still sufficient ' to meet  commercial competition. But this is  not the only solution which has been  suggested. The Post''learns that at  Ottawa there have been at least two  other proposals made. One of these  that the government open a customs  office at the port of New York and  that Canadian manufactures be shipped by rail to that point and then  by boat by the canal to British Columbia; the other that the government  subsidize a line of steamers from  Montreal to Vancouver to work-  through   the Panama cut.  From a national business standpoint, it would not appear that either,  of these schemes is likely, to be  adopted. In the first place, Canada  has mora railroads than her present  development requires, and in the second place the government itself has a  large interest -in some of those systems. It has been generally recognized that the railroads are one of th-i  big burdens being carried by Canada  today, and it is not likely that the  government would go out of its way  lo establish new routes under the  prevailing industrial conditions, unless it were proven that the railways  were not able or prepared to meet  competition.  Reviewing the year's operation of  the canal from the American standpoint, the New York Journal of Commerce states that three important  things have been accomplished. There  has been a development in all-water  transcontinental traffic in many corn-  modifies which formerly were unable  to. move by all-rail or mixed water  and rail lines, particularly lumber.  Prosperity has come to a number of  Panama Canal steamship lines by ���������  doubling the volume of coast to coast  cargoes" offered them for transportation. Normal traffic has been diverted to the all-water lines to such an  extent that the railroad companies  are struggling to continue in competition by making general reductions in  their all-rail transcontinental as well  as mixed water and rail rates.���������The  Financial Post of Canada, Sept- 18,  1915.  I  *s j Ask for Generous Support  Parody on Sing MeTo"SIeep"  Sing me to sleep where the bullets  fall;  Let me  forget the war and all;  Damp in my "dug-out," cold my feet,  Nothing but "bully- and "hardtack"  to eat,  Sing me to sleep where bombs explode  And shrapnel shells are a la,mode.  Over the sand bags helmets you find,  Corpses in front of you���������corpses behind,  Far. far from 'Ypres 1 long to be  Where German snipers can't pot at  me.._  Think of~me crouching where the  worms creep,  Waiting for something to put me to  sleep.  Sing me to sleep in some old shed,  Whare   rats   are   running  around  my  head:  Stretched out upon my waterproof,  Dodging   the   rain   drops  through   the  roof.  Sing  me   to   sleep   where   the   camp-  fires glow,  Full of French beer and cafe a leau.  Dreaming of home in Canada's west,  Somebody's   dirty  old     boots   on   my  chest.  Far   from   the   trench-lights   I'd   like  to be;  Lights   of   my   home-town   I'd   rather  see.  Think     of  me  crouching  where   the  rats creep.  Waiting   for  someone  to  sing  me  to  W. N. U. 1075  sleep.  This song must be sung with much  expression. The singer must think  of the words rather than the music.  There is no usa getting a young lady  to sing it���������in evening dress. You see  she will be thinking of the dress.  Nor can���������nor can a lounger in summer suit, sing it. And I, fear that the  boys who sing it here will not sing  it. when ihey go home and much regret  that if is a flower of poetry which  will  waste its sweetness in  Belgium.  "Vassal)! Yassah! Mebby. dat' all  so, and mebby 'tain't!' But,'anyhow,  iemme 'lerrygate you', sail: Suppose  yo' proves exclusively dat tlar ain't no  hell, what you' gwine to give us in de  place of it?"  An Appeal on Behalf of the National  Canadian Patriotic Fund  We have now entered upon the second year of' the war, and the, end  seems as far off as ever. No one  imagined, a year ago, that by September .of 1915 Canada would' have  sent across the Atlantic nearly one  hundred thousand men, with as many  more to follow if necessary. This  magnificent enlistment, while primarily due to the loyalty of our people,  has been, in a largo measure, made  possible by the Canadian Patriotic,  fund.  This greatest o1' all the national  benefications is now assisting twenty  thousand families of men who have  enlisted for overseas service. These  men have gone forward with tho full  assurance that the people of Canada  will see to it that during their absence, their wives, widowed mothers  and little children shall ba maintained  in comfort; We hear that tha drain  upon the fund is assuming large proportions, that to meet the needs ot  July and August '$700,000 was expended, that the reserves are being materially decreased and that the national executive committee now finds it  necessary to make a l'urthsr appaal  to the Canadian public.  There , are many funds, most of  them worthy; but of them all the Patriotic Fund is the one we cannot allow  the fail. It is the duty of the government to arm, equip and maintain the  troops^ Not a dollar do the' federal  authorities give to the Patriotic fund.  This work depends solely on the patriotism and generosity of our own  people. Thousands of brave men are  fighting our battles, believing that we  meant what we. said when we told  them as they Went forward: "Go, and  we will care for the wife and kiddies."  It would be to our .everlasting disgrace if our pledge were broken.,,  The national organizations, with  headquarters at Ottawa'and branches  or affiliated associations, -in every  part of the Dominion, is worthy ot our  most generous support in the tremendous and ever-growing task that  it has undertaken.  Life.' of the Eskimo | The'. Topic  Census  n-  Waste of Feed  Cnre    Should   be /Taken ' in    Feeding  Animals   in   Order   to   Prevent  V/aetc  The balance sheet on the average  farm would show a much larger profit if less feed was wasted. So little  is lost at a time that we do not realize our wastefulness, but if we would  take the time to count up what is  knocked out of the troughs by the  animals and trampled under foot in  one month's tima we would be so  surprised at the largo quantity that  we would all take steps to be more  careful in the future.  One of the most common ways of  wasting feed is to fead it upon the  ground when the surface is wet or  soft. Feed scattered about in this  fashion will soon be trampled upon  and buried under tne mud. Pigs,-especially, ara wasteful of feed given  to them in this way, but many feeders have realized the loss and have  prevented it by building concrete  feeding floors which will not only  pay their cost in the feed they sava  in-a few years, but enable the quarters to be kept in a more sanitary-  con dition.    Feed may be wasted whan it is fed  in the mangers in excess of the animal's needs. This is a loss that is  easily preventable, for the'feeder if  he is observing will know just how  much the animal will eat up clean.  On some farms the graat loss  comes in overfeeding. In such cases  much of .the food that is taken into  the system is not properly assimilated hence wasted. Some animals  will stop eating whan the stomach  is full, while others will eat so long  as there is anything before them-  Animals such as the latter should be  given only the amount of food that  they require. This will depend.on the  kind and size of animal, as well as  the" purpose for which it is used. In  cases of overfeeding not only is food  wasted, but some of the energies of  the body will be taxed to dispose of  the excessive amount and the horse  will be injured instead of baing benefitted by the good intentions of the  feeder.  B.C. Timber  Under the direction of the Hon. the  Minister of Lands, an attractive pamphlet entitled "British Columbia Timber" has been prepared for distribution among the buyers in overseas  markets. It is intended to draw the  attention of importers overseas to  the forest products of the province,  and especially to the facilities for exporting Britisli Columbia lumber. Consisting of nearly forty pages, and containing nearly thirty illustrations, the  pamphlet treats of the principal exportable woods, their qualities and  uses, together with information  cerning their strength values,  suitability for various uses.  con-  aud  Taken of the. Northern  habitajits or Canada  "Not lost, but gone into a blue  book," is not an incorrect manner of  speaking in regard to much valuable  .information collected at great cost by  Ottawa officials, and which fails to  reach the eye of anybody save'the diligent browser amongst government  archives. In view of V. Stefansson's  present expedition into the far north,  and current controversy concerning  former expeditions, the recent report  of M. Fabian Vanesse, who took a  ca-nsus of Baffin island and also of  Port Burwell, on the south side of  Hudson Straits, is worthy of attention.  Great difficulty .was experienced  by the officials, notwithstanding the  help of an interpreter. Asked their  age, the. invariable reply, was "none  suvi mi," and endless calculations  harking back to outstanding local  events, scores of years since had to  be entered into by the native-before  the officials could "make their approximate entry in the age column. Eskimos count easily up to ten, above that  their mode of determination is as long  as intricate. The terms "year,"  "month," "day." "hour," are absolute  mysteries to . an Eskimo, and his language has no translation fof them; he  knows only "summer" and "winter,"  the latter lasting nine or ten months  of the year. Tlieri-was'-a great deal  of difficulty to. ascertain from the  head of an'igki if ha \va* married or  single; i'or these words they have no  counterpart either, nor for "child"  or "family." i\l. Vanesse in the end  managed to make himself understood  by asking first if they had an iglo  (family home), a koney (wife-, a pik-  ki-nini (children). Absence of family  surnames effectually hides the possibility of tracing relationships of tl.e  same generation, or of one generation  from another, which added to the~ceu-  sustaker's perplexities.  Their ability to reckon with much'  accuracy higher than tho" total number of lingers and thumbs of their  pair of hands made it,l>urdensoma to  ascertain any idea of an individual's  yearly earnings. . On an average this  seemed to run anywhere from $800  to* $1,000, but worth, of course, a vast  deal more if these hunters of the  frozen solitudes could market the product of their toi.l and valor in any of  civilization's competitive markets.  Such an income as given would beae-  counted for by ..the hunter's capture of  ten or twenty polar bears, of anywhere from twenty-five or thirty ^to  one hundred' red foxes, of possibly  two, three or four narwals, of eight to  ten wolves, and probably of hundreds  of large salmon, each Weighing ten,  twenty, or thirty pounds, and which  he throws iio his dogs-  Were the Eskimo honestly treated  by the trading ships which come his  bleak way annually, an Eskimo's lot  would not be so hopelessly unfortunate. The" traders "skin" him as  thoroughly as he'"unpelLs the victim of  his prowess wtih spear or arrow out  on the ics iloes or in his kyak on "the  frigid, emerald waters of the inlats.  Subsequently at the outpost factories'  he exchanges���������equally guilelessly���������  his money, or any remaining furs he  happens to have, for a few pounds of  biscuits and tobacco, pipes, matches,  some few. yards of showy cotton  goods. God help the poor Eskimo!-The  early Indians of Quebec, or Ontario  were not treated more generously under either French or English auspices, it may be, but at least he pursued his limiting.under circumstances  to -which the Eskimo's life is little  short of a cold storage hell."  Ways   aoj   Means   for   Bettering  the  My auto,  poverty���������of  pile of don;  now  you  refuse  can't.     Through  Ode to  a  Car  'lis cf thee,  shoil cut to  the.   I   chant-    I -blew a  ;h on you two years ago,  to  go,   or  won't,   or  town   and   country  side, you were-my joy and pride���������a  happy day. I loved thy gaudy hue. the  nice white tires so new, now down  and out for true in every way. To  thee, old rattle box, came  bumps and knocks: for thee I  Badly thy top is worn, frayed art; the  seats and. torn,', the whooping cough  effects thy horn, I do believe. Thy  perfume swells the .breeze, and good  folks choke and wheeze, ay we pass  by. I paid for thee a price, 'twould  buy a mansion twice, how all are yelling "ice"���������I wonder why? Thy motor  has the grippe, thy spark plug has  tha pip, and woe is thine. 1, too, have  suffered chills, ague and kindred ills,  trying to pay my bills, since thou  wert mine. Cone is my Lank roll now,  no more 'twould choke a cow. as once  before. Yet. if 1 hf.d the mon, so help  me John. Amen! I'd buy a car again  and spaed some more.  People's Schools  (Contributed by , Norman F. Black,  M.A., D.Paed., 'KegiinO  One of the most impoitant movements that ever arose among the people of the west is manifestly sweeping over Saskatchewan at present. It  is the great campaign for bettering  the "people's-scUmMs, making them  give increased value for the money  expended upon them, linking them up  more intimately with' the real needs,  interests and conditions of the prairia  dwellers, and giving Johnnie Canuck's  children as well as John himself the  advantage of the world's ripest educational science and experience.  ��������� The movement was launched when  on June 22, lion. \V. Scott, speaking  in Saskatchewan Legislative Assembly "as premier and minister of education, affirmed that though the school  system of the province had been a  creditable one. for pioneer days, the  lime was now at hand i'or a funda-'  mental revision aud readjustment o������  the, laws and regulations relating to'  the common schools, particularly  those in country districts. While not  committing himself as yet to any  specific reforms, he suggested many,  with a view to arousing popular discussion-  For example, Mr. Scott suggasted  the grouping of several rural schools  under a single trustee board: the es- '  lablisliiuent of rural high schools so  that the farmer's boys-and girls must  enjoy the benefits' of a good secondary education without being weaned  away from country- life; the revision,  of the curriculum particularly with a  view to giving agriculture a more central place and rendering the schools  more efficient in (heir work of train-  ing'for citizenship in such a province  as Saskatchewan; the creation of  educational means to meet the needs'-  of children living where as yet the  establishment of a school district was  impracticable; the abolition of what  he called "automatic" school grants  i and the establishment of a system  of grants better adapted to encouraging local'.efficiency and enterprise;  tiie revision of the inspectoral system and possible creation of rural  superintendencies, so that country  schools might enjoy that' close and  systematic supervision whic\ had.  proved so benefick-.l in eity schools;  and so on.  The premier invited the assembly  and the citizen body at large to unite  in a great non-political, province-wide  campaign of discussion and suggested  that, if the people wished it aud as  soon as they 'were ready for it, a spec-,  ial ��������� session, of the legislature might  well in the not distant future be devoted almost exclusively to introducing such changes in the Saskatchewan school system as would make it  second to none in the Avorld.  In these proposals, Mr. Willoughby,  as leader of the opposition, heartily'  concurred, and since then there has  been more earnest study of what the  schools are and should be than ever  befora in. any like period.  The first to respond to the premier's invitation for suggestions were,  naturally the teachers of the province, who, through the board of sub-  examiners conducting the annual departmental examinations last July,  presented very important memorials  to the minister of education. Tha  autumn is the season for teachers'  conventions and every week hundreds of other professional educators  are debating in what respects the  school system is open to improvement.   ��������� ���������  Every important newspaper in the-  province has vigorously supported the-  campaign of discussion and it is evident that it i.s to supply the great popular 'topic for both correspondence  and editorial columns this winter.  Most important of all, however, if-  the growing response of labor, unions,  grain growers' associations, churches,  and other similar bodies vitally inter-  many j ested in the welfare of the people. To  grieve. } direct and encourage discussion and  to disseminate information Saskatchewan Public Education League was organized at Kegina on September 22, at  a citizens' convention representative-  of all walkH ot' Ufa and every portion  of the province. The president is Mr.  VV. P. Reekie of Woyburn and the secretary. Mr. W. G. Gates, Box 1101.  Moose' Jaw. The Manitoba government sent a special representative  to this convention.  Very seldom has a subject of such  vital concern to the average citizen st  engrossed the attention or such a multitude of the people of he west.  Canadian Wheat For New Zealand  Fifty thousand bushels oil wheat  bought in Canada, by the New  land government are being shipped.  This is the second instalment of one  hundred thousand bushels purchased,  in addition to four hundred thousand  bushels secured last winter.  Women  Desire  Franchise  In Winnipeg    alone     ".fiOO   women  have  already  tin  Manitoba  signed   the   petition   to  government aslcing for  ^ea-! an equal franchise with the men. The-  "���������' ' league aims at a total of 22,000 for th&  province and some of the workers an-  building on having a list of 50,000  names to show the government the  earnestness of the demand.  i  N ���������-.^!.->a.'V<a3i.Mr.!K3c i-i-..-.i=j^i.������^.-.sj������sar>.������v,/*.K.r.--..<^ ^ C4pjfc-j..-rv:.v:^i>^i^^!^^^iiisafN^oijgBB������^^^  /  ft.  >-  ft  P  THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C  * ��������� / ; ���������  .  [���������������������������������������������ii ������������������ mm in  Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They ar������  Srutal���������harsh-unnecessary. Try  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  ��������� yurely vog-ctable. Act  fjently on the liver,  itliminato bile,and  uoothc thcdelt-  ���������aatcmcmbrano  ofthe bowel  ���������fare Con-  ittlpallon,  /Bilious-  aess, ��������� -���������������  Sick Headache and Indigestion, as millions Imour.  Small Pill, Small Doae, Small Price,  Genuine must bear Signature  ,{  |i Is the perfected product of  i over 60 years experience in  j! the match making business.  If correctly held and struck  on any rough surface, is warranted to give a steady, clear  light,.first stroke.  LIMITED  Hull,  Canada  FBEE TO ALLSUFFEni  Ifrou feel'out of sorts' "run down' 'uot the bi.uks'  ��������� UrFZK from KIDNEY. BLADDER. NERVOUS DISKASKS,  CHXONIC WEAKXKSS.l.'I.CBRS.SKINERUFl'tONS.I'ILIiS,  writs for FREE-* ci.otii hound medical book on  thess diseases ami wonderful CURES effected by  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N������1 N.2 N.3  kfi and decide tor  S3 jourself if it is  theMmeily for YOUR own ailment. Absolutely FREE  No'follow up circulars. No obligations. DR. LEClekc  MED CO.HM'KKSTOCKRD.IlAMFSrKAD LONIION.ENU  VI  WANT la  TROVE l'MEKATION WILL, CfeRE YOV.  '   WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  SornctlHRg- bcuer than linen and Me  'taundry bills Wash It with soap una  ������r*ler. Ml stores or direct. Slate styl*  and *i/.e. For i'io we will mail you  THE-ARLINaTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  Limited  63 Fraeor Avonuo, Toronto, Ontario  SELLING   AGENTS   WANTED  In every Town in Canada to sell "Sterling Clothes" to measure.   Tlicy are absolutely guaranteed.   Write for particulars.  STERLING   TAILORING   CO.,  535 College Street - Toronto  J, AD1ES WANTED TO DO PLAIN  and light sewing at home; whole  or spare time, work sent any distance;  -charges paid. Send stamp for particulars. National Manufacturing Com-  ���������pany,- Montreal.  The First Step in Economy  When people :-.re. compelled by circumstances to economize on their  iormer rate of expenditure they begiu  by cutting down the things they can  best spare. They give up some things  altogether and others they reduce.  That is the position of the nation today, as it is the r-osition of all the  belligerent nations- Every man. woman and child can help, and will have  to do-so sooner or later.. The first  step in economy is to stop waste.  That entails no hardship, only a little  trouble.���������London Times.  Corn.i and warts disappear when  treated with Holloway's Corn Cure  ���������without leaving a scar.  Another Boat For Canadian Meat  "Richard Reid,. agerit-general for Ontario,- states that it is expected that  another ship will be provided shortly by the admiralty for the Canadian  meat trade. This will have triple the  accommodation of that now loading at  Montreal, and will sail from Halifax.  Britain's Battle Flag  Evolution of the .Flag of Freedom on  , Which the  Sun   Never Sets  The ancient Britons, conquered by  Julius ' Caesar, fought under standards .on- which were displayed the  figures on animals and birds common  to various sections of their country.  Among these .were the bear, the wild  boar, the vulture, tho raven, the  black eagle, the cormorant, the wolf,  the stag and even the ram.  There were, of course, no "silk  standards in those-; days, the material  used for these Hags being woollen  cloth or leather. Caesar sent a number of British banners to Rome after  the conquest of Britain,  In 3 000 A.D. a standard bearing  S raven was unfurled in England by  the conquering Danes;- in ]087 the  ens.ign of William Rufus bore the  effigy of a young eagle looking the  sun,in the'l'acc, with "1 endure it" I'or  a motto.  first Britisli Union  SI. George's and St.  find symbolizing the  union between England and Scotland,  was decreed by King James the Sixth  of Scotland and -First of England. In  J801, when Ireland was united to the  empire, the cross of St. Patrick was  added to those of St. George and St.  Andrew, thus forming the trinity  crosses which constitute the meteor  flag ot England, on which the sun  never sets.  Banana Flour  Meal of the Banana is Used Mixed  With Wheat Flour  The manufacture of banana meal  or Hour as a regular industry promises to be an effect of the year realized by Jamaica. The diminished  sales of bananas have led to careful  experiments, and a consular report  states that in one of these 5!J7 pounds  of fruit yielded 138 pounds of flour,  the cost being low enough to make  selling at twopence a pound very profitable. Mixed with wheat flour, the  banana meal makes satisfactory and  nutritious bread and i cakes that  housewives are urged -'to try. For  bread tlic material may bo equal to  or somewhat less than the wheal,  flour, and for plain cake or gingerbread the banana meal may be subsisted entirely for other (lour, the  usual ingredients being added.���������Tit-  Bits. '      "      :-  &KES  THE WHITEST. I  &FUL BISCUIT.  i:J  In   1606   the  Jack, combining  Andrew's cross  -HOW'S THIS?  Wc offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot bo cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  F. J. Cr-TENEr & CO.. Toledo. O.  - Wc, tho undersigned, liavo Known F.  J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be-  lievu him Perfectly honest in all business  transactions and financially able to carry  out any obligations made by his linn.  NATIONAL.   BANK  OF  COMMERCE,  Toledo,  O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,  acting directly upon.the blood and mucous surfaces of tho system. Testimonials  sent free. Price 75 cents per bottle.  Sold  by  all  druggists.  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. /  . r   ��������� '  Non-Fattening Foods  Many foods which are nourishing  do not produce fat. The two kinds  which create fatty tissues are fats  of all kinds, like butter lard, drip-  pens (food cooked in them), and the  large group of foods classed as  starches. If eaten, in excess starch  will be laid up in the body as superfluous or stored fat-   -  -Following is a' list of nourishing  foods which will not produce excess  fat:  ' Light meats, like chicken, white  fish, lean beef, all vegetables except  potatoes; fruit of all kinds except bananas; grain or cereals, except oatmeal-  and rice; beans and cheese; milk, in  small quantity, eggs.  Milk and eggs will fatten unless  exercise is taken or the body is in  a very run down condition. Cocoa is  a fattening drink also.  Greatly Discouraged  Over Baby's Illness  W. N. U. 1075  Mrs. Jos. Gaudreau, Notre Dame  des Bois, Que., writes: "Last autumn  our baby was very sick and we were  greatlf discouraged. The doctor did  not seem able to help him and we  began using Baby's Own Tablets  which soon made him a fat, healthy  child-" Thousands of other mothers  give Baby's Own Tablets the same  praise. The Tablets regulate the  stomach and bowels, break up colds  and simple fevers, expel worms, cure  colic and make teething easy. They  are sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 cents a box-from The Dr.  ��������� Williams- Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.,._:. -  HOMESTEAD   ENTRIES  SHOW    BIG    DECREASE  War Has Had Telling Effect on. Immigration to Canadian West  Homestead entries in Western Canada for the first seven months of this  year totalled 10,279, a decrease of 5,-  S'lo as compared with the corresponding period of last year. There were  2,954 fewer entries in Saskatchewan,  3,002 fewer in Alberta, and 145 fewer  in Brifsh Columbia, In Manitoba the  entries this year have totalled 2,350  as compared with 2,092 last year- It is  interesting to note that during July  homestead entries were made by 22  Germans  and 164 Austro-Hungarians.  A Real Asthma Relief.���������Dr. J. D.  Kellogg's Asthma 'Remedy has never  bean advertised by extravagant statements. Its claims are conservative  indeed, when judged by the cures  which it performs. Expect real relief  and permanent benefit when you buy  this remedy aud you will not bave  cause for disappointment. It gives  permanent relief in many cases  where other so called remedies have  utterly failed.  Oil in Bread '  Bread in which olive oil was used  instead of lard was found to.be very  much sweeter and more tender. The  same quantity of oil was used as  had been used in lard, and.after the  loaves were made up for baking they  were rubbed over with the oil, which  improved the crust. The healthful-  ness of olive oil as a food is well  known.  .    Carried It Through  A teacher in a rural school in Massachusetts, was one day explaining to  her class the degrees of comparison  of adjectives. To make sure she was  understood, he called on each pupil  in turn to give comparatives and superlatives of adjectives which she  named,, and get g-.ood answers until  she asked one little fellow to name  the comparative degree of "sick."  The answer puzzled the teacher, because, although it was not the one  she wanted, the pupil had given a  comparative. She decided she could  best show him his error by letting him  go oii, and asked sweetly. "Well, if  ���������worse' is the comparative of 'sick,'  what would you give as the superlative?"  "Dead." came the answer without a  moment's hesitation.  Gentleman���������I wouldn't mind helping you if I thought there was anything in you-  Tramp���������Gimme a dime, boss, an'  see how quick dere'll be somcthin' in  me.  Minard's   Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  Chatty Neighboi'T-I suppose you  don't stand for any war arguments  among your boarders?  Boarding Mouse Mistress���������Oh, yes.  You see. our biggest eater gels so interested that he forgets to eat, and  out1*'next biggest eater gets so mad  that he leaves before the meal is half  over."  That  "But what is his reputation  is the principal thing."  "Well, papa, he is reputed to spend  fifty thousand a year. That's good  enough for me!"  "Did   you   ever  dream   of   being  a  pirate   when  you were a boy?"  '"Oil, yes.    Isn't it queer? Now I'm  in the  prosaic  business of managing  an automobile  repair shop."  ������������������"Umph!    i'ou didn't miss it so far."  "Charley, dear," said young Mrs.  Torkins, "do you ever buy on a margin?"  "Never."  "Well, why don't you? It seems to  me much safer to dabble around the  edge and avoid getting in too deep."  A Doctor's Experience  Medicine   Not   IVc-ded   in   This   Case  It is hard lo convince some people  .that tea or coffee does them an injury! They lay their bad feelings to  almost every cause but the true and  unsuspected one.  But the doctor knows- His wide experience has proven to him tliat,' to  some systems, tea and coffee are in-  siduous poisons that undermine the  health. 'Ask him if tea or coffee  is a cause of constipation, stomach  and nervous troubles.  "I have been a coffee drinker all  my life, and when taken sick two  years ago with nervous prostration,  the doctor said that my nervous system was broken down and that I  would have to give up coffee.  "I got so weak and shaky I could  not work, and reading an advertisement of Postum I asked my grocer if  he had any of it- He said, 'Yes' and  that lie used it in his family and it  was-all it claimed to me.  "So I quit coffee and commenced to  use Postum steadily, and in about two  weeks I could sleep better and get up  in the morning 'feeling fresh. In  about two months 1 began to gain  flesh. 1 weighed only 14������> pounds when  1 commenced on Postum and now I  weigli 167 and feel better than I did  at 20 years of age.  "I am working every day and sleep  well at night- My two children were  coffee drinkers, but they have not  drank any since Postum came into the  house, and are far more healthy than  they were before." Name given by  Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor.  Ont.  Postum comes-in  two forms:  Postum Cereal���������tho original form  ���������must be well boiled. 15c and 25c  packages.  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder  ���������dissolves quickly in a. cup of hot  water, and, with cream and sugar,  makes a delicious beverage instantly.  :;0c and 50c tins.  Both kinds are .equally delicious  antj cost about the same per cup-  "There's  a   Reason"  for Postum,  ���������sold by Grocers.  asases"^  ,ws*EB3  Directions;  .   .,        THIS  ~/ BAKING PQWDEIlX*":  IS COMPOSED GFT'IE\:  FOLLO'tViNG IKGREDI  ENTS AND NONE OTHER  PHOSPHATE CI-CARB-  ONATEOFS00A.'ii9y  STARCH  EW-G'UErr COMPANY UMlK?j  ������iS,,'ONTo:o"-!l  ���������TAINS NO AL������  CONTAINS   NO ALUM  Wc unhesitatingly recommend Magic  Baking Powder as being the .best, purest  and most healthful baking powder inai  it is possible to produce   All ingredients  are plainly printed on the label  MADE  IN  CANADA  E.W.GILLETT COMPANY LIMITED.  TORONTO, ONT.  WINNIPEG, MONTREAL  Million Dollar Contract  Canadian Woollen Mills Get Giant Or-  -   der From  Italy  Canadian woollen mills are working  on a huge order from the Italian government. Tin's order is for one hundred thousand blankets' and no less  than six hundred thousand woollen  shirts. Tt was placed through the Italian commission in London and 'was  j obtained through the Sending of personal representatives to England by  the Canadiau mills. These representatives dealt directly with the Italian  commission and were able to satisfy  them as to the capacity of the Canadian industry i'or turning out the quantity and quality required.  An important factor in 'obtaining  the contract was the undertaking of  the department of trade and commerce,   to   assume  Canadian Cattle for France  for the inspection  contract is worth  Already deliveries  to be made. The  via New York to  direct route.  the responsibility  of the goods. The  a  million  dollars-  arc   commencing  goods will be sent  Genoa as the most  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  -Dear Sirs,���������I can recommend ?rI[X-  AKD'S   LINIMENT   for   Rheumatism  and   Sprains,  as  I  have  used  it  for  both  with   excellent results,  yours trulv,  T .li. LAYERS,  .St.  John.  Canadian  at Saint  given the  Captain Bernier Discovers Land  Captain Joseph Bernier, Canadian  Arctic explorer, has returned on the  vessel Guide, after a successful trip  to new land discovered in the north,  known as Baffin Island, which in 1916  will be recognized as a Canadian possession. This newly-discovered land,  which is located in the Arctic archipelago, about 2,.*)00 miies from Quebec, comprises 500,000 acres of territory as extensive as France and Italy  combiried- The only casualty reported  by Captain Bernier, was the loss of  one life, a German, who while taking  photos of the islands, wandered too  far away from the Eskimo settlement  and was lost.  Altogether the trip was successful  in every way and brings to & close  Captain Bernicr's fiftieth year of life  on  the  water.  Beginning   of   Trade-  Which   Will    be  Built  up   Between  Canada  and  Europe  According to tha Weekly Bulletin  of the department of trade and commerce, 1,021 heads ot Canadian cattle  have arrived in Prance. This is a beginning of the importation bv France  of 100,000 live cattle that will be required to keep up the stock of the  country which is being depleted by  war conditions. Arrangements have  been made whereby France is 16 receive from England 20,000 tons on  froz&n meat. In addition to this, there  will be required from thirty thousand  to forty thousand head of cattle to  feed the army. The report says, "In  connection with the import into  France of-Canadian cattle, it is interesting to nolo, that 3,021 heads of  cattle have already arrived  Nazaire, all of which have  utmost satisfaction in every  respect. The French government  and the parliamentary agricultural  committee were both represented at  the post of Saint Nazairc. where the  Canadian cattle arrived, and everyone was greatly impressed with the  quantity of tho animals imported  from Canada,* and especially of the  favorable conditions under which the  transportation of these animals was  carried out."  This is only a beginning, however,  of the stock trade which will be built  up between Canada and the European countries. After the war is'  over France, as well as the other  countries now engaged in war, will require many cattle to restock the  farms and ranges which have become depleted. Wc shall probably  have to compete with , the United"  States, but if we prepare now and  breed what the market requires, we  shall be in a position to get our share  of the trade.  Pills of Attested Value.���������Parrue-  lee's Vegetable Pills are the result of  careful study of the properties of certain roots and herbs, and the action  of such as sedatives and laxatives on  the digestive apparatus. The success  the compounders have met with attests the value of their work. These  pills have been recognized for many  years as the best cleansers of the  system that can be got. Their excellence was recognized from the first  and they grow more popular daily.  Agriculture Commission's Wide Scope  It is stated tliat when the government appoints a commission, which  for some time it has had in view, to  go into the whole question of agriculture production, transportation,  marketing, it is probable that it will  be a larger body than is usually  created.  The idea would be to  work to be divided up  taken by different groups, thus providing ��������� for greater expedition than  would be possible where the whole  commission dealt with the different  questions  successively.  The investigation proposed will  not deal alono with agricultural problems, but also with allied subjects,  including immigration subsequent to  the war-  enable   the  and   under-  French Tribute  What would have become of us,  even after the battle of the Marnc,  if tho German fleet had driven us  from the seas and had blockaded us;  i'' Germany- had been able to revictual  herself in America and elsewhere?  Britain goes to war. Immediately the  German fleet i.s forced to confine itself to its own territorial waters. Germany is blockaded and cut off from  countries which supplied her with  cotton, metals and munitions of all  sorts; from countries where, too, are  one million of her reservists, who are  unable to rejoin. Our army is reinforced by an army which is being  made up, slowly but surely, of all the  best fighting material, not only in  Britain, but in Canada, South Africa  and Australasia, and our financial  power is being consolidated by its financial power in the world, the power  which, in the twelfth month of war, is  capable of raising, without inconvenience to herself, a loan of ������ 6-10,000,-  000.���������La Guerre Sociale   (Paris).  Champion Shot Killed  Lieut. A. N. V. 11. Ommundsen. of  'Edinburgh, Scotland, champion shot  of the British empire, is reported to  have been killed while fighting in  Flanders. Lieut. Ommundsen was lh������  winner of the chief prizes at tin;  shooting tourneys held at Bisley. England, including the King's prize,  which he took at the meeting of the  National Rille association in 1!H0. He  has been a member of international  rille teams.  Bill���������I see the deepest trench nf  the seas yet discovered is off Mindanao, in tho Pacific, ::2.0S8 feet.  Jill���������Tliat may bo useful information when the sailors take to fighting  in trenches.  Imperial   Growth  Tha   Canadian   premier    doe'*     not  doubt  tiiat after  victory our imperial I  .structure   will  grow   further,   because'  it is a living thing, and growtli is its I  law.    It is tho old  problem in a new  form���������to meet the needs of a changing world without throwing away ttie  heritage of our past  progress.  If on  the whole perhaps the  British people  may  claim   in  their  history  to  have  solved   this   problem   with  an'exceptional degree of success, let us hope  that  the genius  of the  race  may  be  with us  to solve it once more  in  its  ever-growing complexities and on its  ever-widening  arenas-���������London   Daily  Chronicle.  Ethel���������Jack pretends to love miiHic  yet he never asks me to sing,  Marie���������Perhaps   that's   hia   way  proving that he docs,  01  Prof. Frankland demonstrates that COD LIVER OIL  generates more body-he at  than anything else.  In SCOTT'S EMULSION Ihe  pure oil is so prepared that the  blood profits from every drop,  while it fortifies throat and lungs.  If you ere rubject to cold handa  or foot | if you iliirer and catch cobl  earily: Uko SCOTT'S EMULSION  Ice ono month und watch Its good  affects.  1-WO       REFUSE SUBSTITUTES.  '^.ewfin>Wiv>wtvJ^v..'^itmrir*!tu������t>fii.iiii.tai THE   SUN,   JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  Christmas Presents  ,et us help you pick tliat  'resent you-are going tu  We have a beauti- .���������  inc of    -  give-  t'u  Gut Glass, Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that -have not  been advanced since the  war.  A, D. MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS, B.C.  G.  A.   EVANS, EDITOR  AND  PUBLISHER  9URSOUIFTION HATHA !  O.ie Year....... ............$1.W  One Jeftr (in advanoe)  1.00  One Year, in United States   1.60  -idrlresH all communications to  The Guano Fokkb Sua.  i'.idnk K74 Grand Forks, B.C  FRUM*,   DECEMBER 3, 1915  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  The most successful show  ever held by the Grand Forks  Poultry association opened  yesterday morning and closed  this evening. There were in  the neighborhood of 400 entries, all the Boundary towns  and Rossland, Trail and other  Kootenay points being represented. The standard of the  birds was a marked improvement over those seen at former  exhibitions here. The list of  the prize will be printed in  out next issue.  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs-surely feel fine  in five minutes.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a Tump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and, eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling.of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  In^moutn and stomach-headache, you  can get blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from, any drug store.  You realize in five minutes how needless it i,j to suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any Btomacli disorder.  It's the nuickest, surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  METEOROLOGICAL  Col. Lowery complains of  the habit a large number of  western editors have of' murdering the Anglo-Saxon language. What can you expect  in a country where the only  qualification required to make  a comfortable living in the  newspaper business is to  crawl, likt! a reptile, before the  machine? Do you expect  pearls from swine?  Mothers, MaeDougall & MacDonald have received a large shipment of  boys' .-siu'In; all sizes.  If the peopte of British Columbia, during the past ten  years, had patronized the real,  independent newspapers as  liberally as they have those  that have been published for  no other purpose than to fawn  on the government in order to  secure patronage, there would  be more of the former class in  existence today and the province would be better off ft nan  cially.    There is a well denned rumor in circulation that the  printing of provincial voters'  lists have again been "farmed"  out to the various country  publishers who still crawl before the discredited Victoria  machine. If this report is  true, and we have very good  grounds for believing that it  is, a provincial election is not  far off.  The $50,000,000 war loan  of the Dominion of Canada  has been subscribed twice  over. This shows what can  be accomplished when a good  article is advertised in, a real  newspaper liks The Sun.  The Sun man this week  succeeded in contracting a  real case of la grippe on top  of a healthy cold, and he has  been compelled to "get out"  this issue while he was in a  half-dead condition. This accounts for the lachrymose tone  of the paper this week. His  success in making any kind of  a showing in his present condition, however, makes him  feel confident that after ho is  entirely dead he will be able  publish a better paper than  three ordinary men could  do.  Alter a rmin has spent a  nights in a sleeping car he. can  preciate a home in a small flat.  if vi  ap-  Call and see the neat line of caps  MaeDougall &r Man Donald are showing for the cold weather; all sizes.  Prices from 65c to $1.35.  A bank account  the blank account.  takes you    out of  Men, MaeDougall & MacDonald  are showing a new line of sweaters in  all sizes and colors. Prices $1.00 to  ������9.00 each.  The following is the minimum  and maximum tern pern t lire for each  day ^during the past week, as re  corded by the, government thermometer on E. V. Laws' ranch:  illin.      Max.  Nov. 20���������Frid'iv  25 51  1 -t 2(>  S 22  ���������21       - --3 +  22 '-33  22  ' 2!)  II" 28  hir.hcs  Snmvall  l -7  D.  27���������Saturday .  28���������Sund'iy,. ..  29 ��������� Monday ...  30���������Tuesday....  1 ��������� Wednesday  2 ���������- ThuVrtdiiy...  Idle   talk   sometimes  make somebody busy.  to  Men, MaeDougall & MacDonald  are showing a new line of hockey  boots; all sizes; just received. Prices  S3 and ������4.  Spain will shortly be the only innocent bystander in Europe.  Talk about Xmas gifts! See our  beautiful range of men's neckwear in  all the latest colorings and designs.  A necktie would make a suitable gift  for your friend.    Prices 25c to $1.00.  Persuasion ��������� indicate  a   strong will  and obstinacy a strong won't.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If you care for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is radian^ with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is ^fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feveriahness and itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it.  ANNUAL MEETIt  The Sun costs only $1 a year,  prints all the news.  It  John Wfuiamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu!l is steady. It in  creases day by day and veai" by year,  until it exerts an irresistible    power."  When you- get your .job  printing at The Sun office you  can depend on it that the work  has been done by men who  know their trade. We have no  men .in this office who pose as  experts after "diking through  a couple of country shops half  a dozen times.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints the news of, the  city and district first.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses ho indirect or  questionable methods to secure sub-  sccribers.  "Type was made to read " This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders   throughout  the   world  to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in euoli alussof Roods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, tho directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, und the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  urranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  The annual general meeting  of the Grand Forks Agricultural association will be   held  the board of trade rooms j oontrcsotthe (jn'ited^kTng'dom  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Ordor for $5.  Doalers_seeking  Agencies   can    advertise  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincjal towns and Industrial  in  next Thursday evening, December 9, at 8 o'lock. All  members are requested to attend.  Tom   Newby   came  Gloucester camp today.  down    from  can  their trade cards for $5, orlnrgor advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lano, London,"]']. C  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.'  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  r:c.mcCutcheon  WINNIPEG AVBNUE  Yale Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty.  >>^- i  wmmummm  Some. Prices at E." C. Henniger?s  . 100 lbs Our Best Klour $3*25  50 lbs    "       *'   '    "'     ������������������������������������ ' 1-75 ..     ���������:  ]00 lbs. Wheat ...../.    1.75  Bring Your Pouhry Troubles to Us  Bridge Street Grand Forks. B. C.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE f)8 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  When doing that work in Franklin and  Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet Your Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store.. A full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries,  Boots,   Shoes and  Dry   Goods,  Hardware.    Prices, very reasonable.    Quotations  on  cqueSt THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  A Clean-Cut  gument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men useGOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  8  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Coal  ������  ow  OFFICE I  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TK������ MW��������� B������ First Street  Hansen's rk8idbhck.R38  I P. A.  Z,  PARE,  Proprietor  Yams Hotkl, First Stbbbt.  Tbe weekly market will   be   held  on  Second street,   between   Bridge  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  .M. H. Barns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for   an  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomor- \ entire year. It is the brightest  row forenoon. '   paper in the Boundary cou itry ..^^...:-u.....*-...-,...���������^j...k.i..ii;.-l-.,~.lKi.U^^  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C:  ;,  L>������  I  Armenian Proverbs  The  dowry  a  woman  brings  into the' house is a bell.  Whenever you come near, the clapper strikes in yo.ur face.  The fool throws himself intpjthe stream, and  forty wise  men can not pull him out.     /   "'r";^.    ,   ���������     "'  The childless have one trouble, but those who have children have a thousand:  " ^v^r  /The eyes would not disagree even if the nose  were  not  between them.  You never know a man until you have eaten a barrel  of  salt with him.  The fox lias destroyed the world, and the  wolf has lost  liis calling.  If a brother  was really good for anything, God would  have one.  Which of the five ringers can you cut off without hurting  vourself"? '" '������������������..--- v..  When everything is  cheap  the  oustomer  has  no conscience.  When I have money, the flies come even from Bagdad.  A  near neighbor  is better than a distant kinsman.  The goat prefers one goat to a whole herd of sheep.  A daughter is a treasure which belongs to another.  Every man's own trouble is as large as a camel.   .  God turns away- his face from a shameless man.  Until yoii see-trouble you will never know joy.  The poor understand the troubles of the poor.  When God gives, He gives with both hands.  By asking, one finds the way to Jerusalem.  The father's kingdom it the son's mite.  The guest is the ass of the inn-keeper.  Far from the eye, far from the heart.  -  A guest comes from God.  Parcels to Troops in France  pay to them the' same   rates  as be:  fore   the   war  and must charge the  The post office department is in 6lime p0s5ta'ge.  receipt of applications to  have   par-       [n u,j cases parcela for tne   troopp  eels addressed    to   our   soldiers   in  mU8t be addressed application-army  France sent fr?e or   at reduced rates ��������� p0sJt  ()ffice) London,   England,   but  of postal, there evidently being an' thig does n()t in any way   affect  the  impression that the department has rate of {K)Stage)   Vvhich   depends en-  control of these rates   and   could do tire|y up()n lne i,K.atjon 0f   tne   ad  as it wished, but   this   is   t.ot so, as dragee '  the question of postage is   fixed   by,  ��������� international agreement, so that it is' Message. From Sir Wilfrid ���������  not within the. power of the Cana At the annual meeting in Toronto  dian post office departm nt to uu- last Friday of the General Reform  dei-take to carrv the parcels fn-e or association, Hon G. P. Graham de  at a reduced rale of postage. Under livered a message from Sir Wilfrid  international law, provision is made Laurier. The Liberal leader urged  for the tree transmission of paacels all Liberals to concern themselves  for prisoners of war, but this privi wholly for the time being with the  lege does not   extend to parcels   for task of achieving victory for the im-  -,   troops engaged in active sarvice, nor  perial arms, rather   than   with   the  is it within trie power of the depart    political problem of   winning   party  ment to so extend it.  victories at the polls     A   resolution  The   rate of postage   required   on | was passed by .a standing vote   con-  pircels addressed to the troops de  peon's upon the location of the ad  dressee. If the addressee is in  England, the- rate on pnrcels for  England applies, which is 12 cents  per pound; while if he is  in France,  gratulating Sir Wilfrid Laurier upon  his recent 74th birthday   and   corn  plete recovery from his illness.  The Ottawa Citizen, a Conservative paper, is charged by the Victoria Colonist, an independent   am.  the parcels are subject to  ihe    rat* s j ... ,      '.,     ..        e  " . J . disinterested   authority,   of   course,  applicable to parcels for France,  which arc as follows: One pound,  .'32e; 2 pounds, 40c; 3 pounds, 4Se;  1 pounds, (i4c; 5 pounds, 72c; G  pounds,    80c;   7    pounds,   88c;    8  with being a ''scandal monger.':  Here is the Citizen's offence: "The  political record of Sir Richard Mc-  Bride has been one of prodigal  waste of   tbe   natural    resources   of  nounds. $1 02; 9 pounds,   61.10;   10       . .      ���������_ .      ,.       ,.,,      ,.   ,   .  ,  IjuuiniB. v       ,     i , ' British   Columbia,    ihe   birthright  bounds, SI 18;   11   pounds,   fcl.26 I   r   . ,   ,      .        ,       ,   ,  t' H" ��������� ������' v       ' ' , of the people has been handed   over  These    rates   are   exac'iv'he suniei .    . , , ,,  1 'L " i to monopoly interests and the prov-  chan'es which existed tor   y>ars be-;.        ..   ,'-.,,, (  i.n,ii0i.   "inv. j    ^ I nice tied up with rotten   parchment  tween Canada, England and   I'ranee | bontlg >>  before the war, and are the result of i '    an   agreement or convention   made I     The Sun, at SI a  year, is   superior  , , . i n       i    i to any i$2 a year paper printed   in the  beiween these countries and Canada, ���������> *        ,,,,-'   ���������    -./ ���������  Cl   ^ . Boundary.     llns    is   the.   reason why  aud   as   these   countries   have not  W(J do not ,,aVB t() ,.esuI.t t0   gambling  agreed to lower their  rates   between i scheuios to gain new subscribers or to  K .giatui and'France, Canada has to! hold those we already have."  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected In your section  SHIP YOUR FURS DIRECT to "SHUBKKT'Mhe lamest  house In Ihe World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  are-liable���������responsible���������safe I''ur House with an unblemished reputation existing: for,"iTic>re than a third of a century." a lonff successful record of send ink Kur Shippers prompt.SATISPACTORY  AND PRai'ITAI'.LK returns. Write for Cfje&\)ubtitfi>l)fpptr,"  the only reliable, ariunite market report and price list published.  Write, i.������r ll-NOW-ll'n FREE  A    U   CtJJTRsTPT   f������*������   25-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  A. is. biiubiLK ������, lne, Dcpt.c 87 Chicago. u.s,a.  j ii r iixmm'iiiwwaivtmwg* ������������������������������*.:���������<  '0 CENT "CASCARETS"  FOR LIVER AND BOWELS  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,   Bad  Breath���������Candy' Cathartic.  No odds how bad your, liver, stomach or bowels; how much your.head  aches, how miserable you are from  constipation,-. indigestion, -biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you' always get  relief with- Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; take the excess bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and poison  from the intestines and bowels. V  10-cenf box from your druggist will  keep your liver and bowels clean;  stomach sweet and head clear for  months.    They work while you sleep.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January   42,211  February   63,091  March  69,948  Agril  85,382  May 100,693  June  103,004  July 101,058  August 103,062'  September "   93,245  October  ;.'..'.   96,430  Total '.'.:..'. ���������,..-;..'..,;'.'...8.58,:l 24  :OUR, ACID STOMACHS,  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending ail stomach  misery in five minutes.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed in- regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest'stomach rem-  ody in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever ' by getting a large  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stopi- ' disorder. It's the quickest  sure: ad most" harmless ' stoma'..;  docu/i    a the world.  E.W.Barrett  cAuctioneer  Sells Anything, Anywhere,   Any    Time.  Stocks a Specialty  RAND   FORKS,  B. C.  St Goes to The Home  Our paper goes to the home  and Is read and welcomed there.  If you wish to reach the house*  wife, the real arbiter of domestic  destinies, you can do so through  our paper and our Classified  Want Ads. form an interesting  and well-read portion of it.  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  '  $00 I'ER ACRE���������Tho old (irnhani niueh of  $������|U !!I2 iicri's, at Casciuli!, mm he pur-  duo-cri nt .?20 per aero, if tnkoii at mice. W.  Iv. Ksiiuu, owner, Rossland, H. C.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDKltS WANTI1I) ������s iitrftnts for our hij.'ii'  ltikIc biewles. Write for low nriees to  'IfiOS. PMM LEY'S CYCLE WoltKS, VICTORIA, B.C.  BOOT    REPAIRING  TAKK   your   repairs  to   Aruisoii,. nhoe   ro  pnirer.    The   Huh.    Look  for  tho   Hitr  Hoot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PIWES Paid for old S'ovi'.-  aml   ItimcCK.    K. C.  Peekliiim.   Hi/coimI-  hiiinl Store  FOR RENT-HOUSES  p()()l)   five-room   house; two   hloel;.1-   from  "I    postofliijo.    Apply this officio.  ssunng  usmess  O^A policy of advertising is$a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  Old customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of, temptation  ���������they maj? be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this community will shop with you-^-  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do  so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Not  to  advertise  regulaily   to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave  vour  business un-  V  protected.  B  ���������  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising. You  owe it. to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no   compunction  of conscience?.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop * jffHE   SUN,   GHAND   .FORKS,    B. C  Value of Oil Cake  Richness in Protein Makes it a  Splendid Balance to Other  Rations  Perhaps you are one who lias never  as yet acquired the oil cake habit, it  so, the time -when other feetls are  dear, and when flax seed is coinpara-  r.ivel>- cheap, ought to be a good time  to make a start. That time is right  now. Eoth beet'rnakers and milkmak-  crs are feeling the l'orce of the  first of- the two facts. For coarse  grains - high prices arc available in  spot cash, it is hard for dairymen or  feeders to overlook this fact, and the  evidences are plainly visible that they  are not altogether.  Oil cake is worth its price as a  food alone. But when it is considered that.its richness in'protein makes  such a splendid balance lo rations all  too strongly inclined to run to the  carbo-hydrate side of the'table, the  act that with i(, as a balance those  can be fed to far greater advantage  makes it. an economic factor, just like  oil in tiie bearings of your machinery.  Added lo this, oil cake or old process meal is a splendid tonic. Some  feeds are inert, some are constipating, and others maintain an open condition of the digestive tract. Of the  latter oil cake is the best. It will go a.  long way toward the realization of  ossy coats, velvety skins and good  general health.  Over   and   above   all,     oil   meal   is  worth nearly its price as a producer-  j of fertilizer.   Our land needs some of  [ its constituents, ami often very badly.  Now is a good time to make a profitable  commencement of  the  oil  cake  habit.   Order a tGn to begin with, and  when  you  have  proven  that  it  is  a  . thing that you can't economically aC-  service is the danger of crippling the. ford-to do without, got, a few of your  neighbors iu on it, and order a carlot  ���������Canadian  Countryman.  War Material on Bisr Scale  Mill Produces 2,000 Miles of Khaki in  One Week  Tho   chief   argument   advanced   by  the <enemies   of   compulsory   military  essential trades of Great Britain, and _  particularly the industries engaged iu ''���������  the manufacture of war material. An j  idea    of    the   tremendous   scale   on |  which    war equipment of every des- j  cription is    being    manufactured    in j  Great   Britain   is   found   in   statistics j  relating to    the    textile industries in I  Leeds    and    other 'Yorkshire   towns i  "where mills  big and small are working night and day to turn out huge  quantities  of khaki  cloth    not    only  for  the  British  troops  but for those i treating  of   the allies as well.    The    belliger- j  out troops are. now taking to wearing!  khaki and    the  other allies are evi-'  dently doing the  same,    for French,  Russian and Italian officers are often  seen  wearing khaki uniforms  of the  regulation type-  In one big mill in Yorkshire.:2,000  miles of khaki, about fifty-six inches  wide, is being .woven,���������'���������.dyed and turned into  200,000  complete    suits    for  soldiers  in  a week.    When  the war  started  how and where to get khaki  and   tailors   to make   it up into gar-,  rasnts j quickly   ehpusii.-t0 keep; pace  with   recruitng' and    needs   of  the  forces    in the field    -was  almost  as  serious a problem as    that of inducing men to enlist.    Both these problems,    however,    Were    solvovd  with  equal rapiditjv -  It Rubs Pain Away.���������There is no  liniment so efficacious in overcoming  pain as Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil.  The hand that rubs it in rubs the pain  away and on this account there is no  preparation that stands so high in  public esteem. There is no surer pain  killer procurable, as thousands can attest, who have used it successively in  many; ailments.  Peevish, pale, restless and sickly  children owe their condition to  worms. Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator will relieve them and re-  score health  r grasp  empire  to Avar  render-  Transportation of Wheat Crop  Arrangements, to secure adequate  facilities of transportation for the  western wheat crop are in the hands  of a committee of the gvernuient consisting of Sir George E. Foster  No Excuse For Apathy  We have victory within oil  if -every man in the British  will devote his whole energies  service. That service can be  ed in a multitude .of ways: there is  none who cannot do something; yet  after a year of war we find scores of  men offering, the feeblest of excuses  for their self-indulgence and apathy.  Now apathy leads to only one end in  a war of this character. Reflection on  the .'lessons' of the past year constitutes a clarioncali to service and sacrifice, and yet further service and  and sacrifice. If any man hangs back  let him ask what the German he I  affects to condemn is doing. For this  war cap. be won, and won within reasonable time. But itcan be won only  by the British empire and the devo-  tioh-.-^.0������ the whole resources of the  British empire to this one supreme  purpose.���������-Times of India.  knew  The devices used  the submarines are of its de-  they  have  been  wonderfully  Our Navy and  the Submarines  The navy has not astonished its organizers;  it has merely revealed the  resource and adaptability they  it  to    possess.    The  against  vising;  clever, varied and successful, almost  completely'so agaiust the smaller  boats. They can not, of course, be  mentioned; but their effect has been  .to make : the. daring captains - and  ���������crows of the submarines more afraid  of our navy and what it can do than  is the navy of the submarines. When  the war began there was one chief foe  of these vessels. Now there are  many, as dark and elusive as they. A  great secret sea-war has been carried  on, much to our advantage.���������The Nation  (London).  Alberta Dairy Industry  Seven  The  longer  o:.  rn 5  Minard's  Liniment  Relieves  Neural-  - "You  say that  you were  the  man at the summer resort?''  . "Yes." ���������-.���������.'���������-.'  "How about the one who  kept  hotel?"  "He was a shark.''  only  the  gia.  Hon.     Messrs.  Rogers,  Burrell,  Keid  and Meighen.  It is anticipated that sufficient  ocean tonnage will be available for the  purpose and every effort is being-  made in that direction. The question  of ocean rates, which are inordinate-.  Iy high', is also receiving attention.  They showed an upward tendency before the war and the conditions which  have since arisen including the scarce-  ity of tonnage, have not operated to  improve the situation.  Only More  Horrible  A  Philadelphia school   teacher  has  lately-been instructing her pupils  in  Grecian mythology.    It is tho plan to  a������d j j-.ave tiie children read the tales aloud,  (and the next day recount them in  | their own language. One lad. to  j whom was given the assignment to  render in his own language the story  of the Gorgons, did so in these terms:  "The Gorgons were three sisters that  lived in the Islands of Hesperides,  somewhere in the Indian ocean. They  had long snakes for bait, tusks for  teeth, and claws for nails, and thcy  looked like women, only 'more horrible."  "Did vou speak to father about me.  Arthur?"  "Yes, I did, dear, and he agreed  with me heartily-"  "Then.he said I might marry you?-'  "Why���������er���������no. I didn't quite get to  the point of asking him that. I just  said vou were a line girl."  The taxr.tion of salt as a source  of national revenue is common to  many countries. There are ten  countries in the world, namely, Austria-Hungary, China. Greece, India,  Italy, Japan, Roumania, Servia,' Switzerland and rr,urkey where government salt monopoly prevails.  Million Pounds of Crean-.ery  Butter in One Year-  wealth of the province can no  be measured by the bushels  of grain that are grown 'nor yet bv the  number of cattle that are on the  ranges, for there is another factor  which enters very largely into' the  agricultural prosperity of the country, and that is the dairy industry,  says jl report from Edmonton.- To  doubt this is to. fly in -the face  facts and figures, for last year there  was. manufactured in, the province of  Alberta over five; millions of pounds  of buttery and this year the output of  butter from the 5C odd creameries  will reach the seven million pounds  mark.; .This does not, of course,: take  into consideration the amount: of  dairy butter that is daily marketed in!  the different towns and cities throughout the province, nor does it take into  consideration the value of cheese  manufactured in the district, which in  every year amounts to a considerable  sum.  A fair average price for butter is  25 cents a pound, and figured on this  basis the output of this year represents a large sum of money, more  than most people would imagine is,  being made by the farmers in this  one branch of the agricultural industry. ���������    .    ,  No Virtue in Radium  Minard':  where.  Liniment  for  sale  cvery-  II  "Why do you call your book of  poems'a saga?"  "Because everybody who re.'v.1s it  wants to fight mc."  He   fat  11..'10  loves company.  She   (stifling  hour.  I  think.  p.m.)���������Well,  you know,  a  vawnl���������Not  misery  at this  is no more necessary  than Smallpox, Army  experience Ins demonstrated  Uie almoit mir.ioulous efficacy, and h.irrnlessness, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Ec vaodnatcd NOW by your physician, yju and  your family. It Is moro vi'.^l than house Insurance.  Ask your physician, druselst, or send for "Hav,;  you had Typhoid?" telling of Typhoid Vaccine,  results frem use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  rue "iTTpn laboratory, Berkeley, cal  rioouciiu vacciiics u sebuus undsr u. S. GOV. UCrHSit  WINNIPEG GRAIN  ...������,������ EXCHANGE  Licensed and Bonded Dealers'.  DIRECTORY  Deal with the Pioneer Company Organised  and  otvnecl by fai'mcrj.   Grain handled on consignment  ������or on track.    Absolute security, prompt returns.  GHAIN  GROWERS GRAIN  CO.. LTD.,  .160  McDermot St., Winnipeg, or  100   Douglae  Block, Cnlsory  War and Manhood  evil effect of war on a nation's manhood has been revealed in  a remarkable manner by the Japanese conscription system," says the  Japan Magazine, published in Tokio.  "it is now just twenty years since  the war with China, and the males  born that year now come of age for  army service. After an exhaustive  examination of the physical condition  of the young men bor.i in that year  it has been discovered that they do  not compare favorably with those  bora either before or after the war.  Tiie very extraordinary decrease in  the number of recruits lit for conscription this year, as compared with  a!i other years since Ihe war with  China, shows it distinct effect on the  birth rale due to war. As to physical condition, it i.s found that this  year only thirleen  recruit:) conic up .  standard of physica  quired   by   the  army,  diuary  forty-tv  per (-cnl. of the  lo    the    highest  1   excellence   re-  whereas  in   or-  years "the percentage is about  o.  T  DIRECTORY  ts __���������_  THE DODGE BROS. MOTOR CAR  "The car that ������pcu!ti for itself  CADILLAC MOTOR  SALES CO.. LTD,.  WINNIPEG  jtKstribulori for Manitoba and Saslcatcliew������n. Send  tat descriptive literature.   Some territory (till op������o  for local jtfency.  The Only Way  "What, a lively baby!" said Bnuini-  gan. "Have ye had Lis picture took  yet?"  "Not ycl," stiid his proud father.  "I've tried lo. but. after an hour's lost  labor the photographer advised us to  go  to  a  movin'  picture studio!"  '���������Did she  "No;  but  she begged  thank you for the seat?"  as she settled down in it  me not to r-ise."  (which  proved  '���������This   picture.'  my masterpiece.  "Vou  told mc  pot boiler-"  '���������[ thought so,  something  you  I can't sell it."  '  said   the  artist,  '  last  month  it  was  is  Hut a pot boiler is  paint  merely  to  sell.  W. N. U. 1075  ��������� Do you thinlc your boy will leave  footprints on the sands of time?"  "ffo'd leave 'em anywhere. Just  look it that carpet."  PERSONAL.  St. Catharines, Ont.���������"Two years:-ago  I was in a very nervous, generally rundown condition, so  that I awoke inthe  morning more tired  than when. I retired.  Thcdoclors thought  I had heart trouble  and- treated me for  it bub I got no  benefit. I heard of  Dr. Pierce's rcmc-  dics through a  friend who had been  to your Invalids'  Hotel for an opera-  Lion (wlueli proved entirely successful)  ���������.nd t at once got Ihe 'Favorite Prescription.' I look three bottles altogether  and at the end of three weeks I felt entire!}' cured and have been well and strong  since, without a single bail spell. 1  stopped taking it about three months ago  and am glad to fell any one how splen-  ��������� iidly your medicine has healed me."������������������  Mas. John' Li:wiv, ~", Niagara St., St.  Catharines, Onf.  The mighty restorative power of Dr.  Pierce's Favorite. Prescription speedily  ���������auses all womanly trouble? to disappear  uicl brings back health and strength to  nervous, irritable and exhausted women.  It is a wonderful prescription prepared  only from nature's roots and herbs with  no "alcohol to falsely stimulate and no  narcotic to wreck the nerves. It banishes pain, headache, backache, low spirits,  hot (lashes, worry and sleeplessness surely  and without los.-t of finie. _  Get it now!   All druggists.  Miller's Worm Powders will drive  worms from the system without injury to the child. The powders are so  easy to take that the most delicate  stomach can assimilate them and welcome them as speedy easers of pain,  because they promptly kill the worms  that cause the pain, and thus the suffering of the child is relieved. With  so sterling a remedy at hand no child  should  suffer an  hour  from   worms.  Lowered' German Flag  A characteristic story of .British  foolhardiness is told with regard to  a square in a French village during  the three clays of the German occupation.  In one corner a flagstaff had been  erected, and . from it the German  flag was Hying. Two sentries were  posted about a hundred yards apart,  each about the same distance from  tlic flagstaff. Stopping at the flagstaff  they lowered the German colors and  hojsted in their place the Union Jack.  -Then with the stolen flag as a  trophy they dashed off again.  And the German sentries only a  hundred yards away never noticed  .what was happening.  Not Yet Proved of Great Value as a  Fertilizer  Radium is  one' of  the  newest  fertilizers . on , the  market,  aiij  as  yet,  little. is  known  by  the  general, public as to its rear value though much  lias  been  said  and  written  concern-  ug it.    At the Illinois Station it was  ;ncd out on corn arid soy beans aud  ���������oun.d   wanting   in   both   cases. ^Out  ;i   24   average   results   only   50   per  !ent favored the radium. In all classes  ;lie aArerage variation from the check'  ir   unfertilized, plant   was   so   slight  and   so .evenly  distributed   for    and  against "as to.'.lead only to ���������'the conclusion that radium applied, at a cost  of $1,  $10 'or $100,',   per.   acre    produced no effect upon .the .crop yields  either t lie first of seebnet season."  The experimenters at the Illinois  Station claim that even -if the radium fertilizer were to increase the  crop yields "the effect would be that  of.a .stimulant and the increase  would be secured at the expense of  the soil. Thus the soil would not  be enriched in fertility, but actually  impoverished   by   such   treatment"  This year it is being tested out at  the Ontario Agricultural College,  but it is too soon yet to get definite  information from this soifr.ee. From  present indications, -however, it may  prove of some value. Until its actual value has been determined we  would advise the farmer to buy what  he knows to be good.���������Family Herald,  Montreal.  Minard's  Etc.  Liniment     Cures   Burns,  "You must learn to feed your families scientifically, my dear women,"  said the food lecturer. "Certain articles of diet develop certain qualities."  '���������Then.-' asked a little woman in  tlic audience, "would you advise  against giving a quick-tempered husband a hasty pudding?"  said  that  have  Aeroplane  j Forest fires in  i era Wisconsin  Ian   airman   who  Wood   Rangers  the woods of north-  arc  now  hunted   by  travels   in   a   flying  [boat. Heretofore tie view a ranger  j had of the surrounding forest was  j limited to that given from the top  jot" a i!0 foot tower. The airman re-  ! ccntly discovered a (ire ill) miles  i away and gave its location and ex-  j tent accurately. An additional ad-  i vantage of the flying boat is that  fit can reach the scene of a lire with-  j in a few minutes where hours would  | be-required by the forest ranger us-  ��������� ing ordinary means of travel.  "Some  men  have  no  hearts,"  the    tramp.    "I've been a-tellin'  fellow I am so dead broke that 1  to sleep out doors."  '���������Didn't that fetch  him?"  He tol' me he was a-tloin*  thing, and had to pay tha  tellin' him to do it."  "Naw.  the same  doctor for  Miniug Stock Promoter���������Where  can  I hide?    The police are coming!  Chief Clerk���������Get into the card index card case. I defy anyone to find  anything in there.  V Great nook Every Woman Should Have.  Over a million copies of the "Tho People's Common Sense Medical Adviser"aro  now in Ihe hands of I lie people. It is a  ,Y)olc (hat everyone should have and read  u case of accident or sickness.  Send fifty conix or stamps lo Dr. Pierce,  " and cn-  I Two ancienr cannon balls were dug  i up recently by British soldiers when  I trench digging near Ypres. One  weighs between 2'< and -G pounds,  and the other just over 3 pounds. Jt  is thought that both cannon balls are  the relics .of one of tiie numerous  sieges of Ypres, which lias had more  than its share ol' bombardment,  last siege was in 1704. when  French tcok the town from the  triaiis in a few days.  The  the  Aus-  .'.iiv.'Uids  Hotel, Buffalo, "N. Y..  .���������lo.je this notice and you will receive by  (Cltirn mail, all charge-) and customs duly  prepaid, fcuia valuable book.  Artist's wife (during quarrel i���������You  were quite obscure before I married  you.  Artist-You didn't have any trouble  in finding me.  Nervous, sick headaches tell  of 'exhausted nerves, and warn  you or approaching prostration  or pnralysis. By enriching- tho  blood Or. Chase's Nerve Pood  restores the wasted nerve cells  and thoroughly cures headaches,  sleeplessness and other nervous  disorders.  150 Cents n Box, all Dealers, or  Edmanson, Bates & Co., Limited,  Toronto, ���������������iS!?nSSs_a*E!i^.^-������*iK^  ���������av.\'r^vi/jTrj������^ttJc-y;\^.a^^  il~  r  fr  I.  THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C.  To Promote. Peace !QM  DESTROY GERMANY'S HOPE OF COLONIAL EMPIRE  Ford  That  Greater than any Colony Germany has Lost "in the Great Part  Asia  Minor  Avherc  she had Intended to Build a Second  of  Germany- with the Assistance of Turkey  Writing iu New York Tribune, .Mr. i which she has , feared to challenge.  Frank I-j. Simonds says that at Con-!'there was one great field, however;'  siantmople as at Queuec a great em-  in which, granted certain conditions,  Planning     a   Submarine  ' Would  End All  Wars  When  Henry  Ford, of Detroit  has  his   conference   with   Josephus   Daniels, secretary of the navy, in Washington,   he   lias   a   great   surprise   in  store i'or armament makers. Mr. Ford  announces   that  he   has   plans   for  a  i new  submarine  "fish"  that  will  oul-  .'point anything now known and  cost  i'less than one per cent, as much as.'a  I dreadnought,  j     "ft would be no trick  a submarine one-fourth  those'now in use that  pill at the end  iont-'explosive  DEMO.CRACY OR MILITARY AUTOCRACY THE ISSUE  pirs and a magnificent colonial dream  are at stake; the German place in the  sun is being lost or won.' The struggle upon ^ the Gallipoli .Peninsula, in  so far as its immediate strategic results are concerned, is pretty generally understood. All men know, for  instance, that if the Allies force-the  Narrows, and permit warships to appear before Constantinople, the-way  will be open for Russia's huge accumulation of grain to reach its mar-  .ket; and it will be possible for Russia freely to import the munitions tic  desperately needed. So far as rtus-  eia's campaign is concerned, the fighting at- the Dardanelles is of the most  tremendous importance. It is important, too, as solving the TJalkan question. Greece will be rendered a negligible quantity with the allies in Constantinople. Bulgaria and Roumania  will have to make their terms with  the masters of Byzantine. Turkey  will be put out of the fighting. The  whole strength of the allies can be  concentrated upon Germany and Austria.  But, as "Mr. Simonds points out, important, and indeed vital, so far as  this war is concerned, as will be the  results of the fighting in the Gallipoli peninsula, where the Turk is  lighting with his back to the wall,  just as the point where he first entered Europe . more than five centuries ago, they are more important  still in that upon the battle depends  Germany's dream of colonial empire.  It is true that the British' navy and  British and French soldiers have already wrested from Germany all her  colonies. Her flag flies today nowhere but in Europe. But greater  than any colony she has lost is that  great part of Asia Minor where she  had intended building up a secoud  Germany with the assistance of Turkey. It is true that she has not yet  grasped the prize. If Constantinople  falls she can never grasp it. She will  .be forever-doomed to remain a central ^European power with- not a  square' mile of colonial empire.  It is only in the past forty years  that Germany has had the opportunity of acquiring colonies-' By the  time the German confederacy had  been established as an empire, and  she looked abroad, she found that  practically all the rich territories of  the world had passed to some other  power, chiefly to Britain . or France.  Her expansion upon this continent  was barred by the Monroe Doctrine,  which  she  had  never  accepted,   but  .-she need fear no rival, and "that was  Asia Minor, once the centre of prosperity and civilization, but now almost a desert, though rich in all the  possibilities of .industrial and commercial life. , It was and is part of  Turkey; but Turkey alone could .not  hold it against Germany. The first  step,; then, was to alienate Turkey  from what. European friends she had,  to'bcome her champions for a time,  obtain necessary concessions, and  then when the moment ..rrived,. to  destroy Turkish authority in the  great colonial empire she meant to  build up.  In a very few years the preliminary  moves had been made, and with the  greatest success. '-.., Germany became  the "favored friend"at Constantinople,  Turkey turned from Britain, ar.d, assured of Germany's support,' ceased  to fear Russia. Germany encouraged  misrule'in'-Macedonia," meaning one  day to establish her own order there.  She stood staunchly by Turkey in  her persecutions or Serbs and Bui-,  gars. In 1908 her plans were threatened by the Young Turk movement,  but. arrangements satisfactory to both  i parties were made, and Enver Pa,sha,  the leader of; the Young Turks,' became a German agent. - The war between Italy ana Turkey, however,  which Germany tried hard to prevent, was a more serious blow, not  because Italy acquired Tripoli, but  because Turkey's military weakness  was revealed toVtue Balkan States.  They made war upon Turkey, and  almost succeeded in driving her out  of Europe. German diplomacy, however, averted this crisis, and. succeeded in making trouble among the Balkan powers, with the result that Bulgaria fought Greece and Serbia, with  disastrous results. The war had not  the ending Germany expected, for  Serbia emerged stronger than ever,  and Serbia was the real barrier between Austrian territory and Turkish  territory through which ; Germany  had planned to run her famous Bagdad railway, for which she had already secured concessions. There can  be little doubt that: one of the chief  reasons -why Germany urged Austria  forward against Serbia ��������� was : her determination to have;. Serbia made a  mere vassal state, so that the railway  to Turkey could pass through Serbian  territory. If Constantinople is lost  to the Turk, then'Asia Minor is lost  for all time to Germany, and her last  hope of a colonial empire is crushed.  at all. lo .build  of the size, of  could carry a  of a pole with suffic-  . power    to    hoist the  Asks for Comforts  The  Re-  National   Service  Committee  ceivet Important Announcement  The national service committee, the  executive body of all-nationally or-  ganized^women's-societies iu Canada,  and under whose direction the collection of comforts for the troops overseas has been placed, has received an  important announcement from the  Canadian war contingent association  in London. The message/ was contemplating the formation of a central  organization for co-ordinating the  work of various luxuries to the British troops. Meanwhile the war office  recommended the women'of Canada,  as with other portions of the empire,  to concentrate on the following garments:  Mufflers, 5S inches long, 10 inches  wide, gray, khaki or heather mixture.  Mitts, 8 inches long, short thumb, no  fkigers, stitches being cast off at the  knuckles.  Socks, always essential, the leg. at  least 12 inches long, the "foot 11  inches.  Acts of Kindness  jet:  coin  aid-  "This Seems the Worst  Culmination of Inhumanity and Stupidity  By what process of reasoning can  the Germans conceive that by murdering powerless non-combatants by  Zeppelin night attacks on cities they  can conquer a spirited and brave  toe?  Would it not be common sense to  believe that such attacks would stir  all the virile blood in the most sluggish shirker of "military duty and  prompt every Briton to rally to the  defence of his children and women-  kind, no matter how indifferent he  might be to any military enterprise  in which the government of his  countrv chose to embark?  Of all the stupid as well as inhuman things that the Germans have  done during the past year this seems  the worst.���������New York Sun.  The naval service department received word that the men taken north  on the schooner Burleigh had completed the foundation work for the  wireless station on Maunsell Island,  in tbe northeastern part of Hudson  Bav, and also the. erection of buildings to house the larger .gang who  will erect the wireless station at Fort  Nelson and by the spring of* 1017 will  be ready to aid" vessels sailing in and  out of the bay. Another wireless station will also be erected on Hudson  -Straits.  Rewards go to  People Who Do Their  Work  Just  a   Little   Bit  Better  Than .is  Expected  Miss Florence Moberly, a trained  nurse, faithfully attended the Rev.  Dr. Batterson, of Philadelphia; and  later was equaly kind in nursing  Mrs. Batterson. Now comes, the reward of $60,0.00, which is left to her  by the will of the clergyman's wife.  Not every act of kindness has a spot  cash value of that extent, but it  its pay large or small in some  quite as good as gold-  A modest railroad brakesman  ed an elderly lady from a train, and j  she was so pleased by the kindness:  that she told her son about him. The '  sou happened to be H. II. Rogers, the J  Standard Oil magnate, and the young i  railroader was lifted from one place i  to another until he became an im-j  portant man in the business world, j  A street railway,conductor in Phila- j  tlelphia won a notable promotion and  an increase of 200 per cent, in pay |  who was powerful enough to help !  the poor man who had helped him. j  A .Philadelphia bank president says !  that the. courtesy of minor employees ,-  brought to his bank a new depositor !  with ,$100,000. i  The rule of life is everywhere the  same. All the rewards go to the men  and women who do their work just a  little bit better than is expected of  them. Nobody pays anybody anything  for an act of" insolence or discourtesy  or ill-service. "You may insult me,  but don't insult a customer," said the  head of a great busines: to an ele-.  vator boy who displayed more rudeness than tact to his unknown employer. So that $(!(>.000 reward for  faithful nursing is only notable by  the size of the appreciation, not in  the quality of it.  ���������    ^  mightiest "dreadnought ���������'.ever built out  of the sea���������:and I'm going to/tell Secretary Daniels so when 1 see him,"  said' Mr.'Forcl. ���������'���������"��������� ';i ' ': .'' . ���������  / "And the best part of it is that  these new "submarinesWould cost  only a fraction of what, the present-  ones cost, and only a fraction of one  per cent./of what our latest dreadnoughts  Will'. COSt."' . :-x,   /  ��������� "Submarines-''equipped with gasoline engines for their entire motive  power can be made to weigh a quarter of what the present ones do. They  can be made to be propelled and  guided, not only from, side to side, but  up and down in the water, entirely by  their own'power. They can be mads  to (sw.im around with as much freedom of motion as a fish.  '���������The submarines of which f speak  are-.coming as sure as fate .if the nations refuse to disr.rm. If we don't  make the new, boats first, some other  country is' -going to- \ As soon as one  nation'has them perfected the other  nations , are -going to; find out about  them  and make them  too.  "I believe that .'the greatest agency  in bringing about peace is education.  But if the time ever comes when they  are needed, these submarines will  themselves .exert a "wonderful influence  in   procuring  disarmament.  "They will immediately, make our  ?15,000,000 battleships . obsolete.  There will be no use in putting millions in ships .that can't stand up  against a terror of the deeplhat costs  only a few thousand doHars. With  the explosives' that can be obtained  the loss of ��������� -lifer-will be so appalling  that the very terror-of it will be an  influence for peace.  "And, best of all, t'ney. will cost so  little to make that it will hardly pay  the people who now demand war for  the sake of commercial profit and  they will be forced to forget war and  go into peaceful pursuits in order to  make a living. ���������> When the; profit in  money is taken for; war, desire for  it will be greatly lessened."   ���������:���������������������������  Mr. Ford refused to disclose just  what sort of air"; engine he believed  could-"- be 'installed in a submarine to  give the power he promised outside  of -the  fact that it was  a gasoline  inOtOr;-i:T----~-   :-.-~-'-: ,...:;--:���������-.:--.���������:-.-- ------  Yale University Professor Tells Americans   that  the  Allies  Fighting  for   Principles of  Freedom,   and Waging   War  Against the Defenders  of the Divine Right of Kings  are  The Unsuccessful Farmer  In      the   opinion   of   Prof.   George  Trumbull 'Ladd of  Vale there  is only  one possible way in which peace can  come to the earth, and that is by the  absolute ,  overthrow     of     Germany.  Writing in  the New  York Times  he  says:    "The triumph of the Teutonic  allies, or even a drawn battle between  the two mighty forces ranged on the  two sides of the supreme issue, would  not bring peace to Europe or to the  United States,' or peace and good-will  among'the nations of the earth.    For  teh ��������� temporary defeat  or half defeat  of the cause of independent nationalism and of democratic representative  government cannot avail for their be-  -in-g- permanently  defeated. The cause  of an autocracy supported by an armed force under the control of a divinely appointed war lord cannot be ultimately in the asceudency. There will  be w'ar in the heaven and war on the  earth until this supreme issue is -settled. :-' ��������� ,     j  Prof. Ladd believes that the people j  of. the  United ' States  have    not yet i  thoroughly grasped the fact that the  allies    are fighting for exactly \those  principles to which the United States  was dedicated.    They are.fighting for  government of the people for, the people by the people.    They are waging  war against the defenders of the divine right of kings.    If the theory of  the divine .right of the kaiser  to do  whatever he pleased  with  the power  with which he is invested, and answer  to  no   one   but  God   for  his  actions,  were to triumph, in Europe, how long  would. it   be   before   an   effort   would  be made to extend the theory to other  parts of the world?   The .Monroe Doctrine,  in  the  opinion   of  Prof.   Ladd,  would be laughed at;  the integrity'ol'  China     would     disappear;     Holland,  Denmark, ,. and      Switzerland    would  probably  'follow  Belgium   into   the  Prussian   maw;   independence   would  be crushed in the Balkans, and Turkey would be'given a free  hand for  fr.rther massacres.  For these reasons the sympathies  of the people of the United States,  and if need be their activities, as Prof.  Ladd asserts, ought to be unanimously with the enemies of Germany. He  reminds -German-Americans that,  while it is now \true that Germany is lighting for her life just  as certainly as is Belgium and every  other belligerent country this was not  true of her before tiie war began. A  claim to this effect was both hypocritical'and false.'' Not only was Ger  many rapidly expanding, but she was  expanding largely through the efforts  of the very'power .to which, she ascribed a murderous jealousv namely,  Great Britain, for it was Britain that  cleared the seas of.the world of pirates, opened scores of free ports all  over the surface of the earth and took  the lead of all the other nations in  extending commerce -under the principle of the open door and free, or at  worst, fair trade. '    '  'Prof. Ladd says that' the issue of  vastly more importance to the United  States than any other issue that can  arise in the war is: "Whether a representative democracy or a military  autocracy shall be dominant in Europe and the Near East, and so most  aggressive over the whole civilized  world; whether the national existence of the wtak shall be defended  or mighty empires shall trample them  under feet." He rebukes those citizens who think the interests of the  cotton growers of.the South, the interests of the beef packers and agriculturists in the west, and the interests of the importers of New York are  worth considering when compared to  the one grer.t issue. He reminds  them, too, how "savagely and shamelessly some of thece same interests  swindled the American government  during the stress of the comparatively insignificant and causeless 'war'with  Spain."  After warning the people of the  United States of the great, peril that  a Teutonic triumph .would bring to  their doorstep, he calls attention to  another' grave -danger, that presented  by the German-Americans, who* are  hoping for a German victory, and doing everything in their power to bring  it about. Their propaganda means  that they have become American citizens without any idea of the obligations thereby imposed upon them; ���������  'that they do not understand the basic  principles of government to which tho  United States is dedicated. These  men, however signally they have failed in swinging American public opinion toward Germany, Austria and Turkey, ^ nevertheless constitute a grave  danger to American institutions, especially since they have banded  themselves together avowedly for  political purposes. The danger from  them: will not immediately disappear  with the defeat of Germany, and they  may yet bring great trouble to land  of their adoption.  Constantinople Streets  Cosmopolitan  in Every Sense Are the  Scenes in This Eastern City  There    are    probably    few    cities  which, have   been   often er   described  Staking  All   On  One   Line  of Production is Poor Business Policy  A few days ago, we-won't say  whether it was here or in a neighboring town, a banker was standing  in a general store and watched a  farmer walk in and buy 50 cents  worth of navy beans, $1.00 worth of  salt meat and three cans of corn. In  a social conversation which followed  the banker asked the farmer how long  he had lived upon the farm he is now  cultivating, and was informed that he  had been there three' years.  During that afternoon' the editor  and the banker were enjoying a social visit at the bank' when the same  farmer walked in and wanted to borrow $50. The banker informed him  that business conditions were such  that he would be unable to accommodate him. The farmer had scarcely gotten, out of sight when in walked  another farmer and applied for a loan  of 5100, which he received almost immediately.  This aroused the    curiosity of  editor and   ha  asked  the banker  an   explanation.     He   recited   to  his    observations    of    the    forenoon  down in tho store aud said: "No man  is a safe financial risk who will  on  one    farm  three  years  and  buy  navy    beans,    canned  corn  salt  meat  to  make  his   fourth  on."���������p:xchangi.  This gives tui food for thought.  Many of our farmers when they get  into "a special line of production forget, that at the same time they might  be   producing   the   necessities   of   life  without     additional     expense.     The    ranchers   in    the   wheat., sections   of I . n.   ,.  the  west  for a time  produced  prac- j From South AtriCa 10 right  tically   nothing  but  wheat.    Gradual-j   ���������  __  W,   however,   they   realized   that   the J  buying   of     vegetables,     fruits    and  To Raise Recruits  More Attention to be Paid to  Recruiting in the Smaller Places  Major-General     Hughes     has     announced that he is considering a new  the  for  us  stay  then  and  crop  than Constantinople, a city which has-plan in connection with recruitng this  appealed to so many different tastes.  In "World Pictures,' Mortimer Mem-  pes' daughter Dorothy, ��������� speaks of its  streets as her delight-. "They literally teem," she says, "with color; the  wares were bright, the sellers were  bright, the buyers were bright, and  the sun shone down bri;".tly.  "Water carriers, oil-carriers soldiers, policemen, women muffled to the  chin, black slaves, Turkish gentlemen dressed in black ' European  clothes with fezes ranging' from new  crimson color to weather-beaten lobster shade, thronged the dark narrow  streets or rather lanes. On either side  were the regular Turkish shops, little low cupboards with slanting slabs  on-which the bath towels, Clippers,  daggers, silk goods and tjlo usual  rubbishly stock in' trade were displayed.  "Then there are streets filled with  men of a totally different stamp, there  are the workers, patient and industrious. Gold beaters, carpenters, jewelers, fez-makers tinkers, tailors and  candle stick makers, all hard at work.  Here I spent most of my time for the  atmosphere of the hammer and anvil  were more congenial to my mind than  the close scented air of the bazaars."  winter, the effect of which would be  to give the young man in smaller centres a better opportunity to offer his  services. The minister first pointed  out that the original call was for 20,-  000 men. This was increased to thirty, seventy-five, :pne hundred and ten,  and finally to one hundred and fifty  thousand men. These have been practically ail raised, the majority in the  larger centres.  If authorization is given to increase  this number, the minister stated,  more attention will be paid than in  the past to the towns and villages oE  Cxiada. If.twenty men or more volunteer in a village or small community they will be trained and billeted  in the locality throughout the winter.  In villages and towns of one thousand and over, filty men will have to  volunteer before arrangements are  made for them to be trained and billeted at home. In towns around four  thousand .one hundred must eulist in  order to receive their training in the  home community- while larger towns  will bo expected to raise a whole  company, or one hundred and fifty  men, before the^air.e privilege is extended. The minister is at present  hard at work on this plan and will  probably be in a position to make a  more definite announcement in the  course of a short time.  First Ascent of  Mt. Geikie  Dr. Andrew J. Gilmour announced,  on returning from Albrta and British  Columbia ,that he and Prof. Edward  W. D. Holway, of the department of  botany of the University of Minnesota, had climbed to the summit of  Mount Geikie,  in Alberta.  It was asserted that they were the  first to attain the summit of that  mountain,   11,010   feet   high.  The final ascent was made on Aug.  5, Dr. Gilmour said. The physician  added that 5,000 feet of the way was  up a nearly sheer wall of ice and  snow, in which the explorers had to  cut steps.  Both Dr. Gilmour and Prof. Holway  are members of the Canadian Alpine  club and the American  Alpine club.  meats was running away witn a  large percentage of the profits. In  some of the dairy districts farmers  sell milk, und buy meat from the  butcher, broad from the baker and  fruit from the storekeeper. Of  course not all of them do but the  practice is not uncommon. The reason of it is in the majority of cases  that thev have not stopped to think  what it "means. It is an undisputed  fact that practically all'the food ran  be and should be produced at home,  but usually the farmer who makes  a business of producing some special   crop   becomes  a  buyer   of  nearly  Men   of  For  Botha's   Army  Enlistment   of  Corps  bottle  of   water   a in  Cannot   Wait  Overseas  everything  Herald.  else.���������Montreal '  Family  The Teutonic Herod  The London Express, commenting  upon former Zeppelin raids, says: 'A  little English child i.s of more value  to us than the whole black, brood of  the Hohenzolleina, and our rulers  should find courage to state definitely that Great Britain will not rest until the Teutonic Herod is tried and  punished for the killing of English  babies."���������Victoria Times.  "A bottle of water and three biscuits daily composed the rations  served out" to Botha's army in the recent campaign," says a young En  Dutch trooper \ ncountered by a  don correspondent. Having  through     the    German'Africnii  giish  Lou-  gone  film-  of  safety,   he   and   a   party  have   come   lo   England   at  expense to enlist I'or Elan-  g loo impatient   to wait for  paign  in  comrades  their own  ders, beiu..  the contingent,  which,  is to be raised i  b- South Africa.    The young troopers |  anticipate   that   General   Louis   Hotha |  will be given a close .-tin in the eloc-!  tions  by   Ilertzog.    They   believe  tIio j  latter tb be loyal, but say he is very :  iealous   of   internal     autonomy     for  South   Africa.     "The   intense  enthusiasm of the overseas people is. exemplified   by   the   fact   that  this  young  trooper's   familv   has   already   lost   a  father, killed in German-Africa, a son  wounded   at   the   Dardanelles   and   a  daughter  lost  on   the   Lusitania,   yet  the mother who accompanied her sou  to   England,  Is  (juitc   willing that he  should   enlist  again."  France and Neutral Nations  In October last year the liulletin do  I'AlIiance l-'rancaise was started for  the special purpose of counteracting  some of the German invent ions which  had been sedulously circulated in neutral countries. Ten thousand copies  of the paper were mailed -every fortnight during the first month of its  publication, ;\iu\ since that date the  number has risen to 20o,ooo copies.  They are sent chiefly to private persons and institutions which have requested to be kept iu touch with the  French view of ever.ts. In November,  the paper was brought out in French  and Spanish solely; since then it has  i->cen found necessary, to publish it iu  Dutch, Danish, Norwegian. Portuguese, German, Swedish, Italian and  English. Among the subscribers to  the funds . f the publication arc President Poincaire, the Academy uf Fine  Aits, the Academy of Natural Scienco  and many other public bodies and  private individuals.  An 18 incli torpedo ordinarily contains about 13a pounds of gun cotton.  L.rger torpedoes contain up to iiOO  pounds of the explosive.  jIUHIIUHi'JIIHMWII  UMimmiUIMSBS!!  amnm  +&*.  JTSS THE   SUK,    GRAND   FORKS,   B, C.  NEWS OF Ii CITY  Judge J. It Brown, of Grand  Forks,this week held his first county  court session here for seven years,  says the Penticton Herald. He  seemed to be glad to get back to  Penticton again, both in an official  and in a private capacity. Judge  Brown formerly officiated here, but  on account of lack of communication  between Penticton and points iu the  tSimilkameen and Boundary, an  agreement was made by which  Judge Swanson, of Kamloops, took  over the Penticton sittings, In future, however, now that railway op  eration is in existence iu thiastction,  Judge Brown will sit in Penticton  as in former years.  John Simpson, B.A , of this city,  is the author of an article on prune  g owing in Southern British Columbia, printed in a recent issue of  the Toronto Globe.  Prairie, Man., arrived hereon Thursday to join his wife and son. ���������'  Mrs.    Williamson    returned    last  r  week to her home in Seattle.  E. E Gibson, of Grand Forks,  assistant manager of the West Koot-  enay Power company, was here on  Monday to make for the reopening  of the Cascade power house.  The superintendent of the educa  tion department, Victoria, has sane  tioned the enrolment of Roy Ritchie  on the books (if the public school.  Cascade, as a first year high school  pupil.  R G. Ritchie, of Cascade, and E.  A. Smyth, of Christina Lake, re  tuined on Sunday from a week's  hunt with two deer R Ball, of  Billings,   bagged one deer last week.  Mrs, D   Rennie arrived in    town  on Saturday to   move hpr furniture  to Trail,- where   husband and   eoo  Wilfrid now are.  T Bertois left on Saturday for a  visit with Mr. and Mrs. Sellick at  Farron.  A man should believe everything  he says, even if it is only lor the  purpose of sotting a good example  lor others.  The Jewel mine, uear'Greenwuod,  has been leased to Houghton, Oliver  atid White. Six men will break  down ore ail winter, but the mill  will not run until spring.  MaeDougall & MacDonald have received a large shipment of men's  gloves, lined and unlined heavy working gloves; also dress gloves for even  ing wear. Prices from 85c to $2 00  a pair.  Pte. Coomber, of the Independent  Company of Rifles, spent last week  with his parents at Billings.  Call and see the new line of. shirts  MaeDougall & MacDonald are show  ing for the Xmas season, with collars  detached, all sizes, in stripes arid the  latest designs. Prices from $1.25 to  ������1.50 each.  CASCADE NEWS  Rev. P 0 Hayman, of Grand  Forks, visited Cascade and Billings  on Thursday  Mr.   Cum mi rigs,   of   Portage- la  Died  At the honi'-1 of her pirents in  this city, on Wednesday evening,  Coral Lep, two vp"- old daughter of  Mr. and Mrs L. M. Kennedy. The  little one was ill but one day with  croup hi-fore she passed away. The  sympathy of their many friends is  extended to the bereaved family.  -       Card of Thanks  We wish to thank our .many  friends for the splendid work in sav  ing our household effects during the  recent fire at our home, and for  their great kindness to us immedi  ately after; also to commend the fire  brigade foi their promptness and  efficiency.  Mr  & Mrs. Arthur Webstpr  Card of Thanks  We wish to thank our many  friends for the noble way in which  they came, forward to help us after  the loss of our home bv fire.  Mr & Mrs J. A. Murray  and Family.  Lost, Strayed or Stolen  One bay colt,  one   year   old, white  stripe   in   face,   one   white hind leg:  lost   since    April   1st last.     Any information that  will   lead to its recov  ery will be rewarded by addressing  R. Simpson,  Grand Forks, B. C.  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I.have re-opened a harness shop at my old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  NpwrHflmPCCand   do  a11  kinds  of  rsew��������� narn.ebs harness;repairing. A11  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  A. A. Frechette  BiiiiiJiiiul  *r &%  *������������i������s&  .   S8LB5  ROBIN HOOD  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "     Porrioge Oats  "     Ferina  raham  "     WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by*  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Xmas Neckwear  What adds more to a man's appear  ance than   one   of   MaeDougall   &���������  Mac.Donald's latest Xmas   Ties; all  the latest colorings.  Prices 25c, 3oc, oOc, 75c, SI 00  Easy to Cross All The Names Off Your  XmasXist When You Come Here to Shop  t  How much harder it is to select a gift for a man than for   a woman!  This is about t.he time of the year  that   lamentation becomes the loudest.  Next   time   you   hear   it   just advice your friend to visit"our nen'.s  store      Christmas shopping theie is a pleasure ���������  ��������� So many attractive gift suggestions present themselves on ever)7 side  that the only difficulty is to choose the very best one���������accessoriesjof dress  in the smart but conservative styles which the men like. Little cold-  weather requisites such as Collars, Ties, Hosiery, Suspenders, Hats,  Caps, etc. The suggestions there are innumerable. Others, svhen you  begin to puzzle over what to give-a man friend or relative, put on your  wraps and visit our men's store You will find the gift to please him  most. ^  Xmas Handkerchiefs  Our lines of Handkerchief.-* are complete in cotton, linen and silk. Also  nicely initialed with all letters. Prices���������Cotton, 8o, 10c; linen, 15c;  silk, 50c.  Xmas Shoes   .  See the neat line of Shoes; the very  thing for a gifi; cloth tops and buttoned and faced; all sizes  Prices S3 75, 4 50, 5.00, 5 50,  6.00 a pair.  Xmas Shirts  Call  two piece  Prices ������1  We have received a shipment of the very  latest in Shirts, with collars detached, in  the latest coloring; all sizes.  Prices 75c, 81:00, 1 24,  I 50 each  XmaF  Gloves  Call and see the new line of Gloves we' are  showing for Xmas; lined and unlined; tans,  brown, all sizes The real thing for your  friend.     Prices ������1.35, 1 50a pair.  . Xmas Hats and Caps  A hat or a cap would make a .suitable gift  for vour friend. We have them in all the  latest shades and designs; all' sizes.  Cap Prices, 65c. 8oc, $1.00,'- 1.25.  I 50  Hat Prices, 81 75 an.d 2.00 .  and see lines of Underwear in Combinations; all sizes.  Prices ������1.25/   1.50,   2 75   a  suit Underwear, 81 00, 2.50, 3.00 up to 8 00 a ^sult.-'ISee the. neat line of* Sweaters,  .00, 2 25, 3 25, 3,75,' 4 50, 5.00, 6.00 each:  garment.  Also  in  .all  colors.  aci/ou  Mann's Old Drug Store  Next Telephone Office  Bridge Street  Card of thanks  I wish to express my thanks to  Dr. Kingston and matron and nurses  of the Grand Forks hospital for their  kind and efficient treatment and attention accorded my wife during the  two weeks she was under their care.  Dr. Kingston deserves quite a lot of  credit for erecting such a fine institution. J. MacDonald.  of MaeDougall & MacDonald  Ladies, call and see the latest in  shoes MaeDougall & MacDonald ."are  showing for men; in button and laced;  tans and blacks. The real gift for  vour gentlemen friends Prices 83 75  to 86 00 a pair.  British Columbia Agricultural  Organization Aseociation  Editor Grand Forks Sun  Kelowna, BC, Nov. 26.���������We  have formed here the British Columbia Agricultural Organization as  sociation The paramount purpose  of this association, which is non  partisan, is to draw into one com  prehensive organization all the bona  fide farmers only of the province,  both men and women, and to brin g  about by their mutual study of their  mutual problems common action of  them all for the solution thereof,  and to promote the interest of the  farming community in an honorable  and legitimate way, and, knowing  something of the magnitude of the  problem which we are facing, have  decided that local organizations of  bona-fide farmers only should be established throughout the province  at all points where an interest can be  GIVING OP BUSINESS  Chance of a .lifetime to secure  High class Furniture at very low  prices to save freighting. Come early  and secure the bargains. Roll-top  desk, mahogany wardrobe, two  mirror doors, beautiful china cabinet, dressers, chiffoniers, extension  and centre tables, hall stands, beds,  chairs, brass bedsteads, etc., etc.  H. McVicar, Old Post Office.  created, and then locals should each  send delegates to;i convention where  a central executive representing  them all should b-i elected  A campaign to organize local as  sociations throughout the province  has been started, and local associations are already formed and officers  duly elected As this work has to  be undertaken   by   voluntary   work  ers, 'mil ii id impossible to do it  ��������� ihriiiiahniu the whole province by  the individual efforts of the organization committee, we would he glad  if ("'"i-v ictive farmer in his district  would appoint some one to represent  them to comnuuiicate with the organization committee at Kelowna.  J. L. P.RIDHAM,  Cbairmio   Organization Committee.  For  Vvatches,C locks and Jeweilerjr  Go to ,  THMBIIILAKMOIIM6  First Street, Grand Forks  Christmas Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  Bicycles  English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a Specialty  J. R. Mooyboer  First and Main  Sts.,  Grand Forks, B. C.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  W SUN PRINT SHOP  d  %


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