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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Dec 11, 1914

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 '< ; ', u'i  Kettle Valley'brchardi'st  FOURTEENTH YEAR,���������No. 7  GKAND-FoixS, B.'-C, FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1914  $1.00 PER YEAR  RULES OF MODE  A recital of the rules governing  warfare as adopted at the several  conventions of The Hague will be of  interest. Some of the prohibitions  given 'were not ratified by .'all the  signatory nations ��������� now belligerent,  but most of them" were accepted by  the great powers, including Germany, which now regards theru as  mere "Jc'raps of paper" to be- disregarded- in the- interests of\'higher  '���������culture." -These rules are as follows:  I. The inhabitants of" a territory  which .has been occupied, who, on  the approach of the enemy,spontaneously take up arms'"to.resist the ih-  va ling troops without having had  time toorganize themselves,shall be  - regarded as belligerents if they carry  arms openly and if they respect the  laws and customs of Avar.  . 2. Prisoners of war must  be   hu  manely treated.    All their  personal  belongings; except arras, horses and  military papers, remain' their property. .      _  * "'   -     ��������� ��������� ' 3  ���������    3. The state-may utilize the labor  of prisoners of war according to~their  -rank and aptitude, officers excepted.  The-tasks shall not be excessive and  shall   have   no connection with the  operations of, tfie war.  "   1. The- right   of  belligerents, to  adopt means of. injuring the enemy  is not unlimited.  5. It,is.especially forbidden": .  To   employ   arms, brojectiles   or  material calculated to^cause  unnecessary suffering;  To. make improper use of the.national flag or of the military insignia  or uniform of the enemy, as well as  the distinctive badges of the Geneva  convention;  To destroy or seize the enemy's  property, unless such destruction or  seizure be imperatively demanded  by the necessities, of war.  6 The attack or bombardment.by  whetever means, of towns, villages,  dwellings or build'ngs which are undefended is prohibited.  7. The officer in command of an  attacking force .must, before commencing a bombardment, except in  cases of assault, do all in his power  to warn the authorities.  8. In sieges and bombardments  all necessary steps must be taken to  . spare,;as far. as possible, buildings  dedicated'to religion, art, science or  charitable purposes, historic monuments, hospitals, and places where  the sick" and wounded are collected,  provided that they are not being  used at the time for military purposes. It is the duty of the besieged  to indicate the presence of such  buildings or. places by distinctive  and visible-signs. Which shall not be  notified to the enemy beforehand.  ^9.-The pillage of a town or place,  even when taken by assault, is pro's   bibited.   ���������      " '  10. A person can only be consid- j  ered as a. spy when, acting clandestinely or on false pretences, he obtains or endeavors to obtain-information in the zone of operations of a  belligerent, with the intention of  communicating   it   to   the   hostile  party, /     ,'-.,../.    .  11. It is forbidden to compel the  inhabitants of occupied territory to  swear allegiance to the hostile power  12.'"Family honor and,rights, the  live" of persons, and private property, as well as religious convictions'  and practices, must be respected.  Private property can not be confiscated.  13. Pillage is formally forbidden.  14. If in tbe territory occupied j  the occuparfT collect tbe taxes, dues  and.,tolls .imposed for the benefit, of "thestate, hcshall-do so;-as far  as is possible,- in accordance .with  the rules of assessment and incidence in force,, and shall in consequence be bound to defray the expenses of the occupied territory to  the same extent as the legitimate  government was so bound.  , 15. If, in addition to the taxes  mentioned above, theoccupantlevies  other money ' contributions, in the  occupied territory, this shall only be  for the needs of the army or of the  administration   of   the   territory in  question.  16. No general penalty, pecuniary  or otherwise, shall be inflicted upon  the population on account of, the  acts of individuals for which they  can not be regarded as jointly and  severally responsible.  17. Submarine cables connecting  an o'CCUpied territory with a neutral  territory shall "not be seized or destroyed except in the case of absolute necessity.  ���������������������������18."The property of municipalities, that of institutions dedicated.to  religion,"charity and education,.the  arts and sciences, even when state  property, shall be treated as private  property.-    -       ='-- V   '-  ' All seizure of, destruction or wilful damage done to institutions of  this character, h storic monuments,  works of art and science is forbidden and should be made the subject  of legal proceedings.  1. The territory of neutral powers  is inviolable.  2. Belligerents are forbidden to  move troop3 or convoys of either  munitions of war or supplies across  the territory of a neutral power.  3. The fact of a neutral power resisting even by force attempts to  violate its neutrality can not be regarded as a hostile act.  1 It is forbidden to lay unan-  chored automatic contact mines, except when they are so constructed as  to become harmless one hour at  most after the person who laid them  ceases to control them;  To lay anchored automatic contact mines which do not become  harmless as soon as they have  broken loose from their bearings.  2. It is forbidden to lay automatic .contact mines off the coast  or ports of the enemy, with the sole  object of intercepting commercial  shipping.  Eight battalious  of Italian troops \  have been ordered to Lybia   to   re !  inforce the troops there and   '.'to   be  ready for aggression.''  Tuesday  The allies repulse a violent attack  south   of   Ypres.    Tbe  fighting   is  lively in the torests and east  of Ar-  Friday igonue.    An   important advance  is  ^ 'claimed    for    the     Franco-British  -   The Germans are believed to have ' forces.    The coast iB again shelled.  lost two-thirds'of their, army  in   the '  present struggle.- The sons of the  kaiser are said to have escaped by  taking flight in an aeroplane. The  battle around Lodz is called a gigantic victory for the Russians. A  thousand prisoners aud eight guns  are- taken in violent conflicts in  Galicia.  Pale and haggard but; calmly  smoking his pipe, Gen. Chrisiian De  Wet, the rebelrleader, arrived in  Johannesburg tonight guarded by  soldiers with fixed bayonets. He  was taken through the streets, which  were lined with thejexcited populace, and placed in the fort as a  prisoners pending a probable court-  martial.  The French begin a strong move  ment in Alsace. The greatest battle  fought by the right wing is now  raging. Burnhaupt is taken bv the  advancing allied army, and progress  in the direction of Altkirch is reported at Paris.  Nine regiments of mounted infantry-are now-being raised in Canada for service in Egpyt.  Fiery anti-German addresses are  made in-the Italian parliament.  Saturday  The Prussians .say .they-.-have-.ta ken  Lodz, a strpug^strategic >.point in  Russia. TuqV/situatiofi.'f froin ,;tHe  It ussian view/yciji&was -desperate un-,  Friday owiug"jb^i.rVmendoUsVrelu;;H  force tii en ts being^ruslled/'for ward * Oy  the foe. "The Russians are" pushing"  steadily over the Carpathian mountains on to the plains of Hungary.  The British fall pellmell on the  enemy till the German dead-fill the  trenches. By a brilliaut dash upon  tbe surprised foe Sir Jonn French's  men cut down or beat tbe Prussians  from their trenches. Tbe allied  make an advance of 50Q metres  along the front.  -"Routnania will join ths allies, it is  reported. The minister of finance  is said to be the only member of the  cabinet in opposition.  Hew 500 French troops   were be  trayed by a German   spy on   Tuesday last is told in   a   dispa cli   hum  Dunkirk.  The Italian chamber of deputies  passes a vote of confidence in the  government and its neutrality  policy.  A British submarine yesterday  fried to force a passage through tbe  Dardeu'elles.  The Russian troops capture three  Turkish towns. ,  Monday  The liberty of- commerce should  not be restricted beyond the point of  necessity for military operations, is  the idea of the diplomats of the  pan-American congress, now in session at Washington.  A huge .new Russian army will  soon enter the field. TheGermahs aid  in the defense of Cracow. The  slaughter is fearful in Poland. The  cold grows intense and the Vistula  freezes.  Brig.-Gen. Christian Federick  Beyers,^ one of tbe leaders of the  rebellion in the Union of South  Africa-voas been shot, it is officially  announced, and it is said that he is  dead  The belting at Lloyd's in London  today was 840 to 8100 the war  would be over the end of March.  The British artillery is now using  big guns.  Wednesday  . A British squadron under Vice  Admiral Sir F. Sturdee, chief of the  War staff, engaged a German squadron under Admiral Count von Spee  off the Falkland rslands in the south  Atlantic yesterday and. won a victory which is ��������� being acclaimed  throughout England. The armored  cruisers" Scharnhorst:-and-Gneisneau  6'  uwu -u.w Ug Dritioti ������l"ii)jjj     ^  a part of the squadron which Wank  tqe Good Hope, and Monmouth in  the Pacific on November" 1, "were de'-  stroyed, while the cruisers Dresden  and Nurnherg, the two other vessels  which composed the German squadron, made off during the fight and  are being pursued. Two colliers  were captured. Admiral von Spee  is believed among ihe two thou  sand Germans who went down.  It is announced'.that Subhi Bey,  late governor of Basra. Asiatic Turkey, commander of the Turkish  forces at Kurna, yesterday surrendered unconditionally with his  troops to the Indian expeditionary  force which is' operating at the head  of the Persian gulf.  The   enemy   is   reportsd to lie re i  tiri'ny from b landers.     The allies at  A government pruning school has  been arranged, and sufficient names  have been accepted for the school,  which will open its first session in  the board of trade rooms, on First  street, on Monday afternoo^ at 2  o'clock, on December 14. Those  having signified their . intention to  join tbe school are requested to be  present promptly -on time. Any  more members wishing to join can  do so by handing in their names to  the secretary of the Farmers'institute, Walter E.vHadden. The government fee is only SI.00, and each  pupil will be required to bring with  him his own pruning shears.    -  The annual general meeting of the  Farmers' institute will he held in  the board of trade rooms, on First  street, on Saturday afternoon, December " 19, at 3 p.m., when every  member is requested to be present.  A general review of the work of the  past year will be given, and several  papers will he read. The election  of.officers and directors for the ensuing year will also take place.  The annual meeting of the  members -of. jLhe  Grand Forks Agricultural ,'assopiaUon;>iil .be,h"el.d, on  Monday afternoon, ;Decemher;2i^iii-;  ."ttU" hoVrcl- of ���������tr8^mnroir-'^%nj<Ah'^.  presidentVa'nd -th'e/.-secretary'syre-"  ports"  will' - be _. read.    Among '-the  other important busineVs~will be the  annual election   of  officers.     A full  attendance is requested.  o ������������������  A  court* of   revision for the pur  pose -of   revising " the    municipal  voters' list was held in the city bull  yesterday afternoon, Mayor Gaw,  Aid. Bonthron and City Clerk Hut-  ton being present. The list was  adopted as prepared by the clerk,  with the exception of omitting the  names ol four persons who have  died since it was made up, and adding two new names.  There is n con-  tiriri" irorn tuanaers.     i ne m,,��������� rtl-, siderahle   increase  of    names    this  tack fiercely, and  make some gsiins.   year in the supplementary list   over  They   are  said   to   have taken Dix | last year.  tnude. ���������   Hand to hand fighting.'con--'    tinues for forty eight hours   without  a break.  lin says that his condition is unchanged and he ha< he������ri ..unable to  leave his bed. His' fever has not  changed.  evacuated     Lodz  A meeting of the curling club was  held on Monday evening, when   the  The latest bulletin issued  in   Her (following skips were selected:   N. L.  Mclnnes, J. D. Campbell, R. Gardner, C. A. S. Atwood, William Bonthron, Hugh Mills, E. E. Gibson,  A. E. Savage, H. W. Gregory- and  A. S  McKim. Others will be chosen  The   Russians  The Russians push   forward   vig  orously in Prussia,  and   besige   tbe j defearon"the*Austrians  fortress at Lotzen and shell  Cracow.'  The armies are entrenched for a  big  battle.    The capture of Lodz by tbe  Germans   is   called   a   remarkable  achievements.  without   loss.      The   czar's   lroops, .  "dek aflanking-move, and  inflict a ".later. , The tee committee   appoint-  I ted consists of H. A. Sheads, U. Mc-  ! Callum and William   Bonthron.    A  The aliies take a strong offensive  Tho Mozart soiree musicale in the  Baptist church last Friday was attended by a large and appreciative  audience. A-ll the numbers were  exceptionally    well   rendered,   and  Mr. Painton   and   the  other  muei-jbank   of   the   Yser canal.    French  cians who took part in the  program  cannon and Belgian rifles bring dis  have  every  reason to  feel proud of !a8ter to the German troops.  The Royal Canadians, the Do  minion's only permanent infantry  regiment, .which has been doing gar-  ! rison duty at Bermuda, will pro-  A special directors' meeting of the ceed to the front almost immediately  Grand Forks Farmers' institute was  held in the' office of Secretary  Wal  Capt. Kirk, of the Sharpshooters j meeting of the stockholders in the  has appointed the following non- j curling club will be held in the,  commissioned   officers:    D. W. Mc- council chamber this evoning.  Donald,   sergeant;  J.   J.   Hoadley,  the impression they created at their  initial appearance before the -public. \  i  1 be allies laiie a.  oitwiig   uuvuo..������|  against the foe along the entire front, I sergeant and   acting   quartermaster;!     The   Granby   smelter   in this city  and secure virtual possession ^of the | R. Lamond, sergeant; E   H<ill)rook,; blew in two   furnaces   on   Monday  corporal; J. Peterson, corporal and last- Two additional furnaces will  military police; J Cameron, corpor-: be placed in commission about the  ill; T. G   Woods,  corporal;  E. Eck-  21st of the present month.  kind, lance corporal.    The  strength,    of the company is now sixty five.  I  Three hundred -thousand   Austrian   are   mobilized   at   threatened  The ladies who are giving the donations for the volunteers at Victoria are requested to leave the same  The Saturday weekly market will  be held in the Cannery building tomorrow morning from 'J a.m. to 12  o'clcck noon.  It is announced that  the  curling  neld in tne ouiue ui owibwij  xr     i ���������       ans   are   raobinzea   ai   uimui-ucu i  ter E. Hadden on Monday evening, ' points following the   speech of  Pre-, at Mrs. Jeff Davis* on Monday,   No-1  December 7, at 8  o'clock,   for  the mier Salandra of Italy. IvemberH. j season   will commence  in this city  consideration of important matters j    The Turks  violently  attack Cra-' "  ! this evening.    The skating rink will  that   will   come   before the annua] ( hevo, but the Montenegrins  repulse1     A lazy man wants  to paddle  his ' probably be thrown open to the pub-  meeting on the 19th inst. therewith heavy casualties own canoe by proxy. lie tomorrow night. THE    SUN,    GKAW    FORKS,    B.C.  mm  French Turcos Are Brave and Efficient  Fighters  There are many still living who  can recall the time when the common by-word was the report of a  general in the Civil War of the United  States, "The colored troops fought  bravely," There had been much discussion about the wisdom of placing  arms in the hands of the negroes,  and some doubt as to their ability to  stand fire.  Great Britain has a West Indian  regiment- of black-men, whose bravery.has never been open to suspicion.  France has several battalions of African lighters, outside altogether of  the Spahis  ot Algiers.  Turcos the Germans ,eall them, mid  well do they know the lighting ability  of tliesc blacks. The dread of them  has been driven home by their awful  and perfectly fearless bayonet  charges, before which German training has not the slightest chance.  In fact tho Gorman war office practically decided that the day of tho  bayonet and the sabre had gone for  ever, that future wars would be decided by strategy, enveloping movements, and artillery or rifle firing.  To have a horde of big blacks carrying long bayonets or cutlasses come  trampling down their theories and  their regiments was disconcerting to  say #ie least of it.  Tho scheme to raise a 'black army  in .French West Africa was first  launched in 1909 by General Mangin,  then a lieutenant-colonel. It aroused  much enthusiasm, but the best military opinion decided not to adopt the  scheme in its entirety until it had been  proved practical on a small scale.  . The chamber of deputies, in. 1910,  passed an act authorizing the formation of two Senegalese battalions  which was a great success.' Under  Commandant Monveaux they disembarked at Onin from Senegal on May  13, 1910, and were soon absorbed in  tho scheme of Moroccan occupation.  France immediately after that date  was too much occupied with the work  of administering and pacifying that  huge area to have time to continue  tho experiment, and thus it was not  until .1913 that the opportunity arrived to form a second battalion.  The work done by both these units  has in the eyes of experts more than  justified their formation.  The Senegalese soldier has ...the  great virtue of adaptability. He is  not exacting. At night he sleeps on  the. ground rolled in his blanket. In  camp he builds his own shelter, and  practically helps lielmself. What are  luxuries to him are sheer nec?ssitios  to ��������� the average citizen. As for'his  trade of arms, \i is his own natural  bent finding an outlet. A natural  athlete, he takes to the work of soldiering as a fish does to.water. Drill  loses its irksome nature in its mere  novelty. Discipline is for- him but  the encouragement to do his best,  and a very fine best he makes it. As  a marksman, he may not be amongst  the sharp'O.inntpi'c iinf. in tire control  "he nas few equals, and after all, little else is demanded by battlefield  conditions today.  To a certain extent these Senegalese battalions In peace time have  become schools of  SUFFERS "FOR   HIS   PATRIOTISM"      ESPIONAGE   COVERED   FRANCE  Alsatian  Farmer  Punished  Because a  Flag  Was   Hoisted on   His  House '  The court martial sitting at Coliner  in Alsace sentenced a farmer named  Demange to ten years' hard labor, on  a charge of showing sympathy with  the enemy. Demange lives in the district which was occupied ' by -the  French troops at the beginning of the  ���������war. Subsequently they withdrew to  French territory and tho German  authorities took drastic measures to  punish the Alsatians of French extraction who demonstrated their pleasure  at the French'victories. The charge  against Demange was that he. had  hoisted tho French flag on his farm  house when the French troops occupied that region. Demange denied  this most strenuously, declaring that  he merely placed a white flag on the  roof to indicate that he was a non-  combatant, and that no soldiers o"  either side were on his farm. The  court martial rejected his defence and  sentenced blm to ten years' hard  labor.  Their specialty is endurance marching and they have put up some remarkable records under the most adverse conditions. In the fighting line  they are invaluable and have by their  fearlessness of death, encouraged  their French comrades to go on fighting with greater vigor.  Britain has made of the Indian  troops the finest soldiers in the world,  who are now being put to the real  test in Europe. That France will  extend her scheme of raising troops  in her colonies is sure to follow the  success of tiie experiment in Senegal.  ��������� Two years ago, General Von Bern-  hardi, the German prophet of the'  present war, wrote:  If the French succeed in making a  large African army available for.a  European theatr.e (of war), the estimate of the French army - as compared to ours will be quite different.  The  Turcos   are  the  answer.  Business as Usual?  One of the most popular slogans  arising out of the European war, at  least in the commercial and industrial  ���������sphere, is that of "Business as Usual."'  ��������� Just why the interests concerned  have appropriated the phrase is not 'at  all clear, neither is it reassuring, for  may it not actually be the outcome  of a desire to simply put-a "face" on  conditions that more or less demand  it. In one sense, /'Business as Usual,"  and in another sense it is otherwise,  and our relative position to one or the  other determines whether we are in  earnest'or bluffing. j  In prosperous or boom times little  effort, comparatively speaking, may be  expended to keep the factory wheels  and a myriad of employees' taxed to  to the limit to serve the demand, and  this condition may be to a large extent existent in quite normal times.  Is it not possible, however,N^Ahat in  spite of the tremendous" upsetting  events of the past two months, we still  are disposed to '���������take" what is offering  and let what needs ��������� getting^ go by; in  other words, we are conducting our  business as "usual" and there is no  bluff about it.  Having said this much on behalf of  what is undoubtedly a minority of  commercial ' and industrial enterprises, it may be safely inferred  that the majority are quite insincere  in the use of the "Business as 'Usual"  slogan. They have in many cases  withdrawn themselves completely,  from the public eye,'and what is perhaps more condemnatory still, \ because absolutely without reason or  justification, ��������� they, have decided that  the particular sphere to which they  had the privilege of .catering needs  meantime no attention.  The great trouble today is that we  are all too'pessimistic. We act, however otherwise we may talk and write,  as though the European Anti-Burglar  Alliance was unequal to the task it  }io������ oot-itoolf. ��������� Iji gracpiug. hold <j������ tho  bee, .we seem somehow to get the sting  instead of the honey. In trying to  pluck the rose, our portion seems to  be the thorn, and our upward look  sees nothing but the dark cloud, at  physical culture, j though the silver lining is there.  Italy and Great Britain  Italy is invaded by Germans, who  assert that Germany will issue victorious, and that her commercial and industrial activity will not be arrested.  We are inundated with German letters, telegrams, newspapers, and private communications from famous  German commercial houses, all asserting that Germany will win, and that  Italy should keep neutral, to be on the  winning side.  We are not of that opinion. We cannot lose sight of England. Germany  i knows that England represents her  'great final danger, hence the bitterness with which she speaks of England in all the abovo communications.  England is not playing a game of  bluff. She is not impotent b.v land, as  Germany says, and' may give Germany a mortal blow by sea. The Avar  may possibly end in a Titantic duel  between England and Germany. In  this case England will go through  with the struggle calmly and grimly,  smiling at difficulties and disregard-  trig losses.���������Le fjecolo, Milan.  the  Passerby���������What's the fuss in  school yard,  boy?"  The Boy���������Why, the doctor has just  been around examin' us an' one of the  deficient, boys Is kuockin' the \ever-  lastin' stuffin' out of a perfect kid.���������  American  School Board  Journal.  ��������� Parkkeeper (giving a friendly,warning)���������You mustn't sit here, ma'am.  Stout Old Lady (sitting on a seat  which had just been varnished)���������'Ere  I am, and 'ere T'm going to slick!"���������  Tit-Bits.  W. N. U. 1025  . Business, notwithstanding, is as  "Usual," by which is meant"that there  is business to' be got, but the amount  of our share will be entirely dependant on the enterprise and energy wo  put forth to get it. This is neither a  normal time nor yet is it a boom time,  to the latter of which unfortunately  we have become too accustomed. It is  an abnormal time and the very antithesis of a boom period. Conditions  are just such" now that our industries  should have every "searchlight of pub-:  licity focussed on the path to their  factory doors, but in how few in~  stances is this being.given effect to.  It is insufficiently realized, and generally not at all, that the peculiar circumstances in which we find ourselves  make it necessary for us to go after  business, more insistently and more  strenuously than ever before; Our  own and the needs of others still demand supply, and the wherewithal to  produce and to purchase is just every  whit as available as formerly if we go  about our business affairs in the proper spirit and in a determined -manner.  Declarations otherwise, nowithsland-  ing, we have not got beyond the panic  stage.' Canadian business enterprise  is simply seething with, pessimism,  born of a craven fear that the European Burglar may after all prevail.  The adoption of such an attitude is  contrary to both right and reason. No  subject of the British empire, if he he  truly loyal, should have the slightest  misgiving as,to tiie ultimate outcome  of this European struggle, for he who  assumes the role of a coward is perchance not far removed from being a  traitor. Again, and on the highest  plane of approach to the ultimate issue, none of us worthy the name of  Christian dare be pessimistic.  Let. us get rid of all this pretence  therefore of "Business as Usual," and  turn it into reality by getting after and  embracing the opportunities everywhere offering. Let us get into the  firing line and throw out again our  scouting forces, and where in normal  times these consisted of a few scattered units, let us be strategic enough  to see that such means are multiplied  and increased in effectiveness.���������Canadian Machinery.  Spies Overlooking Nothing, and Whole  Country Thoroughly  Organized  The discrimination with which the  German distributed war fines and requisitions in the towns, they occupied  in. Belgium and Northern France and  the precision with which they chose  the most solvent citizens as hostages  has been a surprise, but when the details become known the facts carried  their explanation with them. For instance, the first detachment of Uhlans  that entered tho city of Lille was  guided by a man, who had left his  job as superintendent of an important factory in the city to rejoin his  regiment.  At Soissons, when objections were  raised to the exacting proportions of  the requisitions, the commanding officer called his aide who turned out  to be a well known business man of  the town who, of course, know its  resources thoroughly. "You see,"  said the officer pointing to the aide,  "there's no use resisting, we arc posted by some one who knows."  ' Similar instances were reported  from Belgium, showing that every  inch of the ground had been carefully  studied; the ready money is ever estimated; every suitable horse and  every, ton of hay located, and the  plans of every bridge drawn up. - In  France their statistics went so far as  to show how many bottles of _ wine  might be exacted in  each  locality.  Bismarck ..knew two years before-  ���������the war of 1870 all that was going on  in Franco and among his informers  was no less a personage than the present German- general, von Moltke. It  is doubtful, however, whether his m:  formation was as complete as that  possessed by the German general  staff today. Probably no army ever  had the benefit of so far reaching a.  system of secret service as that  which the Germans have developed  in France.'  ��������� There is nothing particularly new  in the stralegems.��������� employed by the  German spies, but the patience and  hardihood with which they have  worked are worthy of note. The reports of the siege of Maubeuge have'  demonstrated how the great German  mortars could immediately be put in-,  to action on arrival, thanks to macadam foundations prepared months,  if not years, in advance, in the yards'  of a German factory. The land on  which this factory was built was purchased by the Krupps through a' go-  between. The sale caused some talk  at the time, but the matter was for-;  gotten until the fall of Maubeuge recalled, the circumstances. -  As iong ago as 1877 the topography  of the region in which the battle of  the Marne wras fought was carefully  studied by a company of spies who  presented themselves even at the  mayor's office and-at the prefectures  as engineers studying the ground fo3'  new railway .lines. / They got all the  information they wanted. When it  was discovered that the projected  railway lines were myths it was'too  late.  They, employed suppoocd artists to  sketch fortifications and-supposed  fishermen to take the depths of  streams. There is probably not a,fort  in France that the Germans-do not  knew as well as/the French, and it is  INVENTOR'S   NEW   ACHIEVEMENT  'Charles H. Barnes Solves the Problem  ofv Autoloading   Small   Bore"  Firearms  Among prominent American Inventors is Charles H. Barnes, of Ilion,  N.Y., the man who has succeeded better than anyone else in adapting the  autoloading principle of autoloading  shotguns and high-power rifles to rifles  of .22 calibre. Mr. Barnes, though  still a young man, has been connected  with the Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Company for fifteen'  years, and in that-time has contributed  much to the mechanical excellence of  Remington  rifles and shot-guns,  His latest achievement, the Remington autoloading .22 calibre rifle, which  has been three years in the making, is  the result of diligent study and complete mastery of the most difficult  problems involved in the manufacture  of modern firearms. Willi this rifle  sixteen shots can be fired without reloading; all the shooter lias to do is  to press the trigger for each shot. It  is impossible to "jam" the rifle, no'  matter in what- position it may be  held or, how fast the trigger may be  pulled. "This arm is sure to give a new  impetus to the rapidly increasing interest in .22 calibre shooting, because  it combines great rapidity of accurate  fire with simplicity of mechanism, perfect, 'balance, unique safety rdevices  and handsome appearance, besides  other features which sportsmen value.  The take-down system is so simple.-no  "tools of. any kind being required. Mr.  Barnes' already high rank in (he'field  of invention is, on'account of this remarkable new rifle, receiving fresh  recognition from the shooting public.  Rumors  are  in   circulation'^  .'-  '   -." *���������  that we are unable to  supply^  orders owing to war demaricU-  This statement is  absolutely^;  incorrect.    We are filling our?.  orders as usual.  Insist on get-f  ting what you ask for���������Clark's.^;  a  Better Feelinf in the Trade.  That the feeling in the trade is'-very  much more -assured than it was four  weeks ago is the opinion of Mr. R. D.  .Fairbairn, president of R, D. Fair-  bairn Company, Limited, manufacturers of ladies' outer garments and  fancy dry'goods.  Mr. Fairbairn believes the manufacturers of Canada as a class have  largely in their own hands the matter  of whether there will. be good business for Canadian factories. "The  business is there," said. Mr. Fairbairn,  "if the manufacturers will only get,  after it. "The depression in trade  which was in force beforo the war  has certainly not increased since the  war began; and, on the whole, manufacturers can be assured of good  business, provided they do two things  ���������advertise and push the .selling department to the limit." s"  Referring to his own business^Mr.  Fairbairii said he did not anticipate  cutting down one hour of labor or  dismissing one employee or reducing  wages as a resuk of the war. On the  contrary, the present staff of upwards  of 200 is being slightly increased. This  continued activity is not due to any  removal of competition, but to - the  continued demand 'throughout the  country.   "  "We are absolutely confident," said  Mr. Fairbairn, "that with the business  to be done at home there is absolutely no excuse for any manufacturer  of garments curtailing bis output.  People have to be clol'hed  ;our farm-  Germans Cutting'PrSces to Canadians  Tho council of the Montreal boarA  of trade has received from two prom-,  inent shipping and forwarding firms,  in London, letters calling attention .to-  the fact that German shipping ario;  forwarding bouses arevprosecuting-������st  very energetic campaign in Canada  and other British dominions-. witlr;a  view to securing 'business- between-.  Great Britain and Ihe oversea' dominions. The representations made, show  that.German houses;-who have their  head offices in Berlin and branch- offices at different ports in Great Britain; are, through their'agents in Canada, 'circularizing business houses in  Canada, offering to attend to the ship  ments which they make from Great  Britain at a charge for shipping ancJ  looking after the consignments veyy  much below what is a reasonable and1,  fair figure for such services. These  German houses are offering-to males  contracts for a year or more wi'tip  Canadian houses on these low rates.  The council, while believing .thai,  Canadians generally patriotic enougi?,  to refrain from giving their custom .te  German houses, fear that the-..&i?"  cumstance that the parties -'soliciting:  this business represent -��������� Germac.  houses, is not always made known 'sale',  hence it is desirable that enq'uipy  should be made by all Canadian Arnicas to the nationality of firms ropzs-  sented by parties soliciting their slijtp ���������  ping and forwarding business. '  ers are getting big money for their  quite possible that there are river j Produce; and the $450,000,000 repre-  fords  indicated   on    their    maps    of | sented by    our    export    business for  which the French general staff is ignorant.  It was recently asserted that the  German foreign office possessed a  complete list of all the inhabitants of  France whose fortunes made them  eligible hostages, as well as a black  list of all those who had made, themselves obnoxious by their avowed hostility to Germany.  xMost of the men -employed in the  German secret service , speak good  English and frequently pass, themselves off as Americans. One tried it  "the-.other day, after having penetrated to General Maourys headquarters,  but his papers were not satisfactory  and he was shot forthwith.  It was only when the general mobilization was ordered that the French  began to realize to what extent their  country had been organized'by the  enemy... Then it was remarked that at  the end or near the end of many  bridges having strategic importance,  there was  a  German factory.  Maubeuge shows how close theysgot  to the forts, and the Landernan Powder mill is a still graver example of  their   audacity.     This   factory   while  this year must be circulated. The  general trade of the country, .must of  necessity not only hold Us own, but  advance."  A   Brave   Drummer   Boy  A drummer boy of 17 years, .belonging to the Cheshire regiment, is  among the wounded now in hospital in  London. When seen by a reporter,  he was swinging on a "rocking horse  whilst conversing with an artilleryman on shrapnel, maxims an'ddum-.  dums.  "I went out at the beginning of the  war," said the boy, "and was in the  trenches at Mons. S,'  "I. was sent for_a box of ammunition, and was "carrying it on my  shoulder, when a shrapnel splinter-  struck the box and knocked me down;*  '-'All our fellows thought i was dead,  and one. or two came riming to me;  but I got up all right and went back  to the trenches. I had a pop at 'em  with a rifle," he added gleefully. "Ever  seen a shrapnel drop?" turning to the  artilleryman.  "Too many," answered the soldier,  "One dropped by me," said the  furnishing gun cotton to the govern-J drummer boy. "It stood up on. end  mentj was in the hands of Germans, for a second or two, and I didn't seem  and it has even been declared that the  to  realize  it was  a shell.    Then it  power that blew up the battleships  Iona and Liberte was made of defective gun cotton furnished vby this  mill.  It is known that more than 3,000  German spies were arrested in Belgium, most of whom have been tried  by court martial. How many have  been arrested in France no one knows,  the government having succeeded in  throwing an impenetrable veil over all  these proceedings.  The war is hitting non-combatants  very hard. It cost Switzerland $13,-  000,000 to mobilize, and to keep the  army on a war footing means another  $8,400,000 a month. And their annual  budget is barely $22,500,000.  Madge���������Hasn't he ever asked for a  kiss since the first one?  Marjorle���������Why, no dear. lie juet  takes   tlicm   now.���������.fudge.  The Future is Ours  Confidence begets confidence, if we  pull a long face it is likely to stay  long permanently. If we falter at a  temporary check we are almost certain to lose heart and quit when  things get a little clc^se. Canada has  no reason to quit. In fact, the Dominion is in a patricularly favorable position at this time to profit by the insanity and destructiveness of the  Great Kuropean powers. The future  is ours to a certainty, and the present  is exactly what we make it. Let us  make it as bright and hopeful and  cheerful as possible. It is not only  our duty, but it is good business, and  on analysis will be seen to be wholly  justified.���������Ottawa Citizen.  English Universities and the War-  English  universities    are'" bearing  their share of the burden of.war.   ���������&.  cavalry regiment composed of Oxford,  students  is  serving with  the Alliefij,  among them' W. F. Dyde, M.A., of tire-  University, of-' Alberta,     and     191������  Rhodes   scholar, for  Alberta. - O.xfox<t  and other universities have provided -  officers from  their officers'-'  training '  corps.  But besides sending representative,  to the front," they' are' putting theis  plants at the disposition of- the gov<  eminent. Many buildings in Oxford,  have been turned over to- the Red ���������  Cross organization to he used as-hoe*  pitals.' A visit to Birmingham university in August revealed gates lock  ed, a" sentry on "duty- and- the ReiS  Cross flag floating over the buildings.  The university of Leeds is carrying'  on in its laboratories a series of experiments with aniline dyes with the  view to bringing back the dye industry from Germany to England. It was  an an Englishman, Sir W. H. PerkiCj,  who, in 1858, first discovered mauvi  as a product of aniline oil but  though the production of aniline dyes  has. increased enormously since tli.eixr  the preparation of these for industrial  purposes has been confined almost  exclusively to Germany. With the  closing of German factories to the  British, it became necessary to find1  another source of supply, and-the uni<  versity. of- Leeds, under, its faculty at  technology, is working now to discover  those trade secrets, the knowledge :'oi  \which.will make it posible to establish  'in England this industry -whose begin'  flings are due to' English inventivs  "genius."  ��������� "Darling." whispered the ��������� arde-nj  suitor, "I lay- my fortune at yonr  feet." ������������������'.:���������.'  "Your fortune?" she replied in sur������  prise.    "I didn't know you had oife^  "Well, it isn't" much of a fortune,  but: it will look large beside-thaw  tiny feet."  Mary had a little lamb,  And then I heard her holler:  "What does that waiter think i am?  He charged me half a dollar!"  burst���������the good Lord!    It didn't half  kill some men.  "The aeroplanes dropped fireworks  on us. ��������� They kept flying v round and  round high up until they had given  the range," went on the boy.  "When I got back to the trenches  I was on my own, so I left the box of  ammunition there and covered it with  brambles and broken rifles. I had to  go across a space in. front of maxim  and rifle fire and shrapnel. I didn't  go; I stopped where I was, and then  ���������some more of ours came up. They  asked me where my lot was...  "'Wiped out nearly,' I said. 'I'm  going over there. 'You'll be committing suicide if you do,' tliey said, so I  slopped where I was. There was a  few dropping round me, too. One  bullet scorched my cheek, and I saw  one man next me struck right between the eyes and another was  running blood. They put me with  some commandered horses, and they  stampeded. I got my knee injured  and was trodden on. That's why I'm  here."  Butcher���������Well,   yer  know,    meat's  very dear today.  ���������- Mrs. Gubbns���������Ho! Then gimme, a  pound of yesterday's steak, please.���������  Sydney Bulletin.  She���������Did   you   have   trouble    with  your French when you were in Paris?  He���������1 didn't, but the Parisians did.  GIRLS -.'J-),|b beautiful stylish mull will ltoop yon  lovely ami warm thin winter mju ���������������      ,,,   "W i.  Is sd ImniUomo and drossy that you TrUJ . If  1,0 tho envy of all your friends. Ik In UioTory newest pi*  lowaliapo-RUdextralarBolnidiSCraeiimrlugnioroWwJ.  15 Inchoa wldo by 10 Inchon doep. It la lined throntf ho������<  ���������with One quality black tintlu -filth thonowruffloodgetanli  finished with b. silk wrist cord. This lovely muff I* wot*  and drccsy, will ������Ivo yoa yean of irtnz end eotlalactlarj  and Is surely just what you most -want. '  ���������Wo ftro prepared to give awoy, abeolutflyfrCC ������,00C  oftheaebamlMjmojiiulTstoquloltly-iutroducooiirdelii'ut.  Jul now Royal Japaiicso Pari amo. Simply Bend your namr.  and addrosa today and -wo -will aond yoa 35 handflorai  bottlos InO dlfferoiit dolJolonoodora-IJlrof tho Valley.  Carnation, Wood Violet. TVliltolloso, etc. Help usadver-  tlno Mils dollifhtlnl pertiimo by pclllng thefso ainoiif your  friends at oar epcclal Introductionprloaotonly lOceich.  It is very easy aa many ladles buy 6 and C bottlfyi of tblr.  fine perfumo on clKht. Itotorn our S3.50 -when the per-  fumo lu Bold and wo promptly fomiixd Oioniulf Juutai:  repro6onted, all cliargen paid right to your door. tW������-  Kuarantoo satisfaction. Wrlto today to  TIIE REGAL MANUrACTURING CO.- ������  Pept. Mi 88 Toronto. Cnnii<ta  I /  amist  w^^Vk.V^..i"'d, -  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B. C.  i 4./ .���������  s������  ffie Wretchedness  on  Sjiih'quictly be overcome by   ' ,��������� ,���������  PRTER'S LITTLE  bVEft PILLS  Purely vegetable  -act surely and  Jjaitly'oa the  Jber. Glre  laHousasstt  Bead:-* "  Ipizzi-J &  Ijstsvantl IncKgeatioa.    They  do  their duty.  Small Pill, Small Doae, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  1MB. NEWLYWED SAYS-  .y& can't imagine how you  imanjagc to be dressed by the  fame,, your - husband   comes  J'So-me on a washday."  ...   1  Mrs. Wiseneighbor Says-  M use an. Eddy   "Globe"  (Washboard and an Eddy In-  j  *.\ % ���������- " ' . '  durated Fibreware Tub which  [keeps the water warm a long  i&ireV'���������No fear of rust.  mm BE 'SURE THEY'RE  FREE T@ ALL SUFFERERS  III you foal'OUT o*aonis"K.UH DOWN' "GOT the BLUES'  I 3U7PKK from KIDNKY, DCADDKR. NERVOUS DISEASES,  I^UROtllOAVEAKNKSS.ULCKrtS.SKIUEKUPTIOUS,PILES,  lvTrilO^forFREE CLOTH BOUND MCDICAL DOOK ON  ttthoas dlxraae* tad woNDERPur, cures' effected by  THENEWFRENCH REMEDY. Nol N������2 N.3  1 and decide for  I yourself iritis  ^hcramedrfor TOOKOWS aliment. Absolutely FREE  . Mo'follow ap'circulars. Ho obligations. DR.LeClekc  t 2JX������.CO.IlAVBtKSTaCKRU.[UMl>STEAI) LONDON,EHG  pTfit-W-ANV TO TROVE TMBRAFION WILL CURI V������U.  Tribute to German Doctors  ^~In the course of a letter, dated September 16, ��������� an English lady resident  at Qstend writes:'  "Tonight some stray men from the  Duke of ��������� Wellington's regiment -who  were at Mons, ariw got cut off, came  in'-here,, .and'we had a long, talk with  them. . Sdrne "of.''them were in the  Dorset regiment; and the others in the  Duke of .Wellington's, and in' the  ��������� territorial .battalion    of    that    regi-  irent.    ;, happens to be lieutenant,  so-it  made  quite'' a meeting.    We  "spotted their accent at .once.       ���������  .  "They-have been stripped of their  -rifle's, etc, by the Germans, who then  let them go. One of the men says  the Germans have-orders, to treat the'  -English wounded with tenderness, so  ��������� the. German, .doctors.- have done a  great deal-for., our wounded./ These  men' say that" after Mons all our  wounded would have died but for the  Gorman ."doctors. ..-..*_-.���������.  "A Belgian lieutenant came into  this restaurant for lunch .who has  been through seventeen engagements  and still is not wounded."  j������ letter has been received from  Captain J. B. George, of the Royal  Irish regiment, who was reported as  missing and badly wounded, stating  that he is in a Rod Cross hospital at  Mons.   He adds:  "I had bad luck. I wars knocked out  in the first.half hour. I was two dajfe  in a German hospital. They could  not have treated me better had I been  the crown prince, from the- lowest  orderly to the senior medical officer.  I hope you will tell this.to anyone who  is running down the Germans."  How's This?.  We offer One Hundred Dollaru Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured ' by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O.  We, the undersigned, have known F. J.  Cheney, for the last ,16 years,' and belleva  him perfectly .Honorable "In-all business  transactions and' financially" able to carry  out any obligations made by his firm.   ���������  NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCB;  ��������� Toledo, O.  vHall's Catarrh Cure Is taken Internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the-system. Testimonials sent free. Price, 75 cents per bottle.  Sold, by all Druggists.  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation. /  [Children Teething-  !3AaY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  3-AUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  NRfts. Win slows  ��������������������������� Soothing Syrup ���������  PORELY VEGETABLE���������NOT NARCOTIC  LOSSES   SURELY PREVENTED  by  Cuttor'a   Blaokloa  Pills.    Xow--  priced, freah, rollablo; preferred br  Wwtera stockmeu becauso they pro-  tut   where    other   vaoolnca    fail,  Writs focbooklot and testimonial*.  MMoWpicflo. Blackleg Pills $1.00  GQ-doio pkoa. Blaokloa Pills   4.00  TT������o ������ny Injector, but Cutter's best.  .    ffJiB.������up������?tortty of Cutter products la duo to orer 15  [osarsel-. specializing In v&oolnet and serums only.  J     Inolsioa^atttr'e.   If unobtainable, order direct. ���������  j7mE*CBTr������R  LABOBATQRY.   Berkeley,  California.  ���������",:"���������: \-'v::.PATENTS' '-v..-  Featnerstonhaugb. & Go., head office,  I Siiig:-. street east, Toronto, Canada.  Want- Canadian Wheat and Oats  ^ckvicea havo* ''��������� been'"- received  JhakJargei supplies of Canadian-wheat  and j oats will be required by Switzerland: during tiie war, both for donie's-  ���������Hauaes. --���������"���������' ���������  Four million dollars' worth of Canadian, wheat were bought by Switzerland last year, and there is every indication that this will he increased  S.'the^supply is available.  A' safe and sure medicine for- a  ihild troubled with worms is Mother  Sfaves' Worm Exterminator.  Willie���������Say, teacher, tomorrow's my  birthday.  Teacher���������Why, what a strange coincidence!   It's mine ,too!"  Willie���������Well,-gee! How'd you ever  jet so much bigger'n me, then?���������  American School Board Journal.  Flogging in the German Navy  ' 111 the month of August the German  cruiser Magdeburg ran ashore in the  Baltic and fell into tho hands of, the  Russians.. When her new owners.-  searched her a singular discovery was  made! *��������� "It is'thus described in a-dis-  .patch from Petrograd, dated Sept. 3,  appearing in the ' London" Morning  Post:' ���������   v '  "Considerable sensation has been  created:here by discoveries made on  board the German cruiser Magdeburg,  that was blown up after going ashore  at the' entrance of the Finnish Gulf.  Among the articles lying on the decks  on the" after-part, .. where boats .were  lowered for the' majority of the crew  to escape on .the accompanying destroyers, were several specimens of  the old 'cat of nine tails.' When the  Russian authorities went through the  ship they found one of these instruments in every officer's cabin, and all  bore signs of long, and, in some cases,  of hard usage. - .-  "These curious attributes of naval  rank are all alike in having a handle  eight inches-long, with a loop���������for the  wrist.. From the other end depend  nine leather.thongs of formidable appearance,' ne'arly as thick as the little  finger, and twelve -inches long. In  each case the officer's name was inscribed on the. handle. These 'cats'  were handed round for press inspection last night at the Naval General  Staff headquarters. Those left lying  on deck ~ahd apparently played their  habitual part in speeding up the German ';.'Jackie's': during the nervous operation of lowering the boats to escape from the cruiser lying comfortable aground... It is considered here  'that the little instruments tell a most  interesting! and/significant story of  the/procedure on Doard the ships of  the Royal German Navy, and provide  yet -'another illustration of the systematic savagery of that Germanism  dating.from 1870, which has replaced the good old culture of an earlier  and better Germany.  "The public are also to have an opportunity of inspecting these latest-  discovered instruments of Prussian  culture." ''..'"''.'���������"  ., Clays  Laboratory  The clays laboratory which is now  being equipped undor the'department  of geology at the University of Alber-  tat will be used not only for teaching  purposes, but also for- th������ physical  testing of clays, one-of the chief natural products of the province. The  samples -sent to the laboratory will be  tested to discover the exact type of  article which can best be manufactured- from them, whether common brick,  fire brick, tile, sewer pipe, porcelain  ware, earthenware or china. Until recently most of th&, clays found in Alberta have been'" tested in the east.  The presence,-in the centre of the province; . of a fully equipped laboratory  of this kind, should greatly help to  develop an industry, the materials for which lie so ready to  hand. -The Geological Survey have begun an examination of the clays found  in the western provinces and it is intended that the laboratories will make  a more systematic study of the clay  resources within the province.  German and British Cruisers  Now that the Heligoland light has  seen British and Gorman cruisers exchanging broadsides,vnaval journals  are discussing the relative merits of  the two national types. For years  Germany-has been building what the  German admiral staff terms "small  cruisers." These vessels can be distinguished by their bearing the names  of towns���������Leipsic, Karlsruhe, l<]mden,  Madgeburg, etc.���������and are all of small  or moderate size, great speed and  light armament. British* cruisers are  not standardized in the same way;  but of lato years tho admiralty' has  been building a number of very fast  ships, some larger, some smaller, than  the German "small cruiser," but all  more .heavily armed. .-'The German  ships' are all armed /with the 4.1 inch  gun, a weapon which.fires a 35-pound  shell, and probably can be discharged  with great rapidity. _The British 4-  inch gun is a lighter weapon;-the earlier "marks" fire a 25-pounds shell, and  the projectile from the later patterns  weighs 31 pounds. The British cruisers, however, usually' mount 6-inch  guns as well as the 4-inch weapons,  and the 6-inch shell woigns 100  pounds.  Everybody  feels better when Liver and  Bowels arc normal. Keep  yours toned up with  -  vescenfr  25c. and 60c. at all druggists and  stores. Take Abbey Vita Tablets fop  Sick  Nervea,i  Could Hardly Live For Asthma.���������  Writes one man who after years of  suffering has found complete relief  through Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma  Remedy. Now he knows how needless  has been his suffering. This matchless remedy gives sure help to all afflicted with asthma, jfnhaled as smoke  or vapor it brings the help so long  needed., Every dealer has it or can  get it for you from his wholesaler.  THE FALL WEATHER  HARD ON LITTLE ONES  Canadian fall weather is extremely  hard on little ones. One day it is  warm and bright- and the next wef  and cold. These sudden changes  bring on colds, cramps- and colic, and  unless baby's little stomach is kept  right the result may be serious. There  is nothing to equal Baby's Own Tablets in keeping the little ones well.  Thgy sweeten the stomach, regulate  the bowels, break up .'colds and make  baby thrive. The Tablets are sold by  medicine dealers or by mail at 25  cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville ,Ont.  The Russian People  A feature-of the world struggle is  the serious and excited "temper of the  Rusian people, an utter contrast to  the indifference or - aversion with  which they regarded the war with  Japan. :That was.an adventure into  which the 'government blundered in  carrying out a policy in which the  people took no "interest; this is a light  of the' people. Tiie wonderful scene  at Moscow at the opening of hostilities showed that "the most religious  people in Europe" entered upon the  war as an act of religion.  Baby Eczema  eeomes  ic  Minard's  where.  Liniment'for  sale   every-  Causing Great Suffering and -Anxiety  ���������Prompt  Relief and  Cure  by  Dr. Chase's Ointment   ���������  This is one reason," why every  mother should.know about Dr. Chase's  Ointment, sirice it is an unfailing cure  for all itching skin diseases^  Mrs. F. Clarke, Belmont, Man.,  writes: "My baby, had eczema on  her ear. The sore was very bad, and  nothing seemed to do her much good.  Hearing of the remarkable cures Dr.  Chase's Ointment was makirg, wo  sent.for some,1 and after the third application the sore began to'heal. I  am glad to say that it is quite well  now, and we give the credit to Dr.  Chase's Ointment. We cannot recommend this preparation/too highly."  Here is_another letter, which tells  of the cure of a fiveVeeks-old baby:  Mrs. Wallace Mingon', River John  Road, Colchester County, N.S., writes:  "My little girl took eczema when she  was five weeks old. Though wj doctored her until she was nearly a year  old, she got no better. I was advised  to use Dr. Chase's Ointment, and this  treatment completely cured her."  How  Von   Buelow   Fell  One of the special correspondents  at Ostend has' learned the exact circumstances surrounding the'death'of  General" von Buelow at the battle of  Haelen.  At this battle a lad of 18, standing alone in a mass of dead, saw  about 800 yards distant an officer  studying a map. The youngster  crawled quickly amongst the corpses  of his comrades until he was within  400 yards of the officer. Then he took  careful aim and fired. The officer  fell dead. Rushing up to the body  the Belgian discovered to his surprise that'it was that of General von  'Buelow.  Taking off the General's boots and  donning his uniform he managed to  pass through the' German lines. As  he approached the."Belgian army he  discarded the German helmet and put  on his own cap in fear that he might  be shot. *  -Subsequent examination of von  Buelow's garment led to German  notes to tho value of 135,000, francs  being found in the vest pocket, and  this money King Albert has turned  over to the Red Cross organization.  In his jacket was a secret pockel  containing memoranda full of interesting details about the battlefield  and the future intentions of the Germans. .���������  On hearing of the lad's brave deed  King Albert, after presenting him  with the dead general's horse and  pocketbook,  gave him  on    the  spot  the Order cf the-Knight of Leopold.  > -      _���������____���������-'.  A Boon for the Bilious.���������The liver  is a very sensitive; organ and easily  deranged. When this occairs there is  undue secretion of bile and ���������the acrid-  liquid flows into the stomach and  sours it. In this condition .a- man  finds the best remedy in Parmelee's  Vegetable Pills, which are warranted  to speedily correct the disorder. There  is no better medicine in the entire list  of pill preparations.:  Retribution  Dcnyiso Cartior is a thirteen-year-  old girl. Slie went out walking with  her father in Paris last Sunday' after-  noon. The two wore enjoying fair  weather and a bit of homely confidence. War's terrors to them were  seemingly remote. The world looked  good. But .they forgot that scleuca  was putiiug itself to the test of accomplishment���������the science of aviation,  experiments in which have set all  mankind marvelling. Overhead a  great man-made -flying thing whirred  and wheeled. - The two French folk  gazed in wonder and awe.  Then something happened. A bomb  was dropped. There was a deafening  explosion. The father's head was  blown from his shoulders and lie fell  in a crumpled heap, a horrible, sickening spectacle. Denyise, too, lay bleeding on the ground. One of her legs  was torn to shreds. But she was stilt  conscious. "Don't tell mamma," sho  begged of the .policeman wlio gathered her up in' his arms. On Monday  at the hospital when- the surgeon  came to tell her amputation was necessary she smiled at him and then  passed into merciful unconsciousness,  only' to awake a cripple for life,, if indeed her life is to be spared.      \  Science.meanwhile had triumphed.  If> had been proved that an airship  could defy a whole city. That from a  height out of reach it could strike to  kill. That it could strike to kill not  only armed men, but the unarmed and  even little children. That it could  strike in defence of a great principle,  for the honor of a powerful nation.  That it was not a more plaything, but  a weapon to be feared, terrible in its  execution''and swift to get away. Possibly'the aviator who thus vindicated  his cause and won another triumph in.  navigation of the air, laughed in glee  as/he flewVvay. We may be sure the  devils in hell did.  But somewhere Someone was taking  note of Denyise Cartier. "Are not two  sparrows sold Tor a farthing? and one  of thorn shall not fall to the ground  without your Father." "The aeroplane  which flew over Paris on Sunady, and  dropped bombs killing r two persons,"  says a cablegram, "was'fired upon and  brought to earth near Montgeron. Tho  aviator was killed.", Sometimes- the  mills of the gods do not grind slowly."���������Pittsburgh Gazette-Times.  Minard's Liniment Cures  Dandruff.  Willie���������Paw, why is an after-dinner  speech called a toast?  Paw^���������Because it is usually so dry,  -jay son.���������Cincinnati Enquirer.  "Dum-Dum" Bullets  The  origin  of  the  name of  these  hateful  tools  of warfare,  is    to    be  sought in India.   They were first made i out Canadian naturalization papers if  May  Naturalize on Compliance  Owing to the doubt existing among  judges as to the proper course to pur-^  sue, tho justice department will issue I  a ruling that,    notwithstanding - the !  war, Germans ancUAustrians may'take  they have been in the country three  years and complied with the legal  requirements.  HZ. .TH. IJJ. .1025  at the arsenal in Dum-Dum, a town  'and military station about four miles  northeast  of  Calcutta.    Their  pecu-  liarity~"is    that. the leaden cones of  steel or nickle clad bullets is exposed',    "Tliero is one respect," said Curran,  at the point so that they spread out  "in which fishing is a good deal safer  on striking, making a large,    jagged   sport than hunting."  dangerous wound.   In   actual practice      "How is that?" queried Cushman.  any military bullet.may be made into      "Well,' explained Curran, "we don't  a dum-dum  by nicking the 'covering  make any fatal mistakes hooking up  slightly at the apex, so,that the heav-   men who" happen to look like fish, do  ier  leaden  interior    may    burst  its  sheath at the moment of impact. Both  the French and- British authorities  have giveti a prompt denial to the  Ka4ser's statement that their troops  used these dum-dum bullets, in the  present war. The use of these bullets  was condemned at the Hague conference, though some nations refused  to agree to discontinue their use.  "And have you a nice teacher?"  "Yes;  but she's awful wicked."  "How?"  "She'tells us Bible stories on weekdays!"���������The School.  Visitor���������Will the boss be back after  lurfch?  Office Boy���������No, that's what he went  out after.  Industrial Laboratory  Mr. J. Kelso, M.Sc. (Queen's) has  been appointed engineer of tests in the  industrial laboratory just opened at  the University of Alberta. Mr. Kelso  has for several years operated the Kelso testing laboratories in Calgary, and  has been for some time chemist for  the Canada Cement Co. In the new  laboratory he. will have charge of  the industrial work, which includes  the testing of oil kinds of industrial  products. The resources of the laboratory will be at the disposal not only  of manufacturers in cement and clays,  and of workers in coal, oil and gas,  but also of such establishments as  tanneries, packing plants, sugar factories, canneries, etc.  Minard's Liniment Relieves  Neuralgia.  Cavalry Sergeant's Bravery  The following story is told by a-  wounded Hussar in the Lincoln Military hospital: < ,__ ' -  "When we were waiting for thai-  order to go in I saw a cavalry sergeant who had been badly wounded  three times, and was still pegging at  it. As he was fighting I saw him go  to a badly wounded corporal who Was-  shouting to be taken out of the .way  of the line. The wounded sergeant-  bound up the other man's wound, and  then sat him on his own horse and  sent him back out of the way. Then I  saw the sergeant limp along on foot  as best he could after his regiment to  fight again. I don't-know what became  of him, but I shall never see a finer  thing as long as I live."  FOUND OUT  A Trained Nurse Discovered Its Effect  we?"���������New York Times.  Dr. Morse's  findiao Root Pills  are made according to a formula in  use nearly a century ago among the  Indians, and learned from them by  Dr. Morse. Though repeated attempts have "been made, by.physi-'  cians and chemists, it has been found  impossible to improve the formula or  the pills. Dr. Morse's Indian Root  Pills area household remedy throughout the world for Constipation and  all Kidney and Liver troubles. They  act promptly and effectively, and  Cleanse the System  A gentleman was .walking through  the negro portion of an American  town, when he came across a woman  unmercifully beating a little boy.  ''Here, my good woman," he said,  seizing her.by the arm, "you must not  do that.   What has lie done, anyway?"  "Mustn't do that? What has he  .done?" ejeculated the enraged-negress.  "If you want to know, he',s been and  lef de .chicken hous' do' open, and all  dem chickens got out."  "Well", that is not so serious," said  the gentleman, soothingly; "chickens  always come home to roost."  "Come home!" snorted the woman;  "dem chickens will till go home!"  Ethel���������I do sd love football.  Betty���������I don't. I detest it. Jack's  gone and got his collarbone broken,  and I can't put my head on his shoulder for a month.���������Boston Transcript./  "Drs. Smith and Jinks are goiiig to  operate on Hawkins."  "Necessary?"  "Yes. Dr. Jinks wanfr, a now car,  and Dr. Smith has a heavy bill coming due."���������London Opinion.  No one is in better position to know  the value of food and drink than a  trained nurse. '. '  Speaking of coffee a nurse writes:  "I used to drink-strong coffee myself,  and suffered greatly frmn headaches  and indigestion. (Tea is just as injurious as coffee because both contain tho  drug caffeine).  "While on a visit to my brothers F  had a chance to try Postuni, for they  drank it altogether* in place of coffee.  After using Postum two weeks I  found I was much benefited and finally  my headaches disapepared and al30  the indigestion.  "Naturally I have since used I'oslum  among my patients, and have noticed  a marked benefit where coffee has  been, left off and Postum used.  "I observe a curious fact about Pos-  tum-cjvhcn used by mothers. It greatly  helps the How of milk in cases where  coffee is inclined to dry it-'up, and  whore tea causes nervousness.  "1 find trouble in getting servanta  to make Postum properly. But when  it is prepared according to directipn3  on package and served hot with cream  it is certainly a delicious  beverage."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Out. Read "The Road to  Wollville." in pkgs.  Postum comes in two forms:  Regular Postum���������must be \Pcll boiled. 15c and 25c packages.  ,. Instant Postum���������is a soluble powder. A teaspoonful dissolves quickly  in a cup of hot water and with cream  and sugar, makes a delicious beverage  instantly.   20c and f>0c tins.  The cost per cup of both kinds U  about the same.  "There's  a  Reason"  for  Postum.  ���������sold  by  Grocers.. THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  ������hi>(&tmb]$Qvk&������nn^ the, fact tha\il 7l>,e������-������ob  ������ server to procure at a glance a cotn-  G. A. Evans. Editor and publisher  8UBS0HIPTION RATES :  O.ie ������ear *1.5U  One Year (hi advance)  1.00  One ^ear, in United States  :.. 1.50  Address nil communications to,  ,The Grand Porks Sun,  1'honb R74 * Gkand Fokks, B. C  FRIDAY, DECEMBER 11,  1914  ' Very little talk has been heard so  far regarding our next mnnicipal  election, although the time is drawing near when the citizens will be  called upon U choose their council  for 1915. An impression peenis to  prevail in some quarters that the  next city government will be elected  by aeclamation. If good men can  be found to accept the positions in  this manner, it will at'least have the  merit of saving the ratepayers the  expense ofjui election.  The persistency   with   which the  federal   and   provincial   administra  tions arrogate to themselves all   the  credit for the wonderful   and   onm-  mrndable   wave  of patriotism  that  has  swept over  Canada duiing the  ��������� past few months, tends to  strength-  . en the btlief that the rumors  to the  effect that both  governments intend  to appeal to the people at an" early-  date are true. They-evidently expect  to be returned to power on   a kakhi  campaign.  When the war broke out  the  Liberal  party called a   true   to  party bickerings and did everything  in its power to assist the 'Dominion  government in recruitingand fiuanc-  . ing an army lo   helpthe  empire in  its struggle for ..existence.    Without  making "any   ado   about     politics,  Liberals    and    Coneervatives   have  vied with-each other in their   eagerness to enlist for the iront.    In view  of   these  tacts,- it would   bebut.au  act of decency  if the politicians^  Ottawa  aod   Victoria  would   allow  their respective governments' to live  '.out' their   natural terms, arid thus  postpone   embroiling   the   country  in party strife until the war is ended,  if they persist in carrying out   their  program, they can not  hope  to  escape  having  all their shortcomings  laid bare to the public by the  Liberal leaders and the Liberal press.  plete grasp of the present land siiua-,  tion,   not only with   regard to those!  lands   which    have   been taken upj  during past ye<irs, but but also with  respect   to  lands   previouslo home-  steaded" hut  .for "which pitent has  not as yet issued.     It thus   enables  a'person   to   trace the progress during comparatively   recent years   of  settlement in the   Peace   river   disr.  trict.  The aim in the preparation of the  map has been to show the land situation up to September of the |ms  ent year, and. in view of the rapid  exhaustion of . free homesteads  throughout the older provinces, the  information should prove of particular interest to pro-pective' settlers  - In addition to rhe information  with respect to lands which have  been homest<\nled and otherwise  di>l osed of, the publication contains  complete infoi (nation regarding railways, general Inpngrsiphy of the  country, etc  Copies may he obtained' free nf  charge'ii|)on application to F. C. C.  LyiwhTSiiperinteiident ot Riilway  Lauds, Department of the Inieiior,  Ottawa.  Don't' wait' too long 'to  have  that  reset.' Your diamond set  while you wait;    .-JV,.~, '  We have a  nice line of.  - "mountain stock now  A. D, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS. B.C.  Has a- large supply of FEED AND FLOUR on        1  hand at RIGHT PRICES.   '."        .     '--'       :    ;  '    ' j  - -   '' ' x      '   ,    :*"- ���������" "'':.'  'Flour from.$2.50 to $4.00 per 100.pounds.    "  '  'f  Satisfaction guaranteed; -'.       .- '   vj   --' . -.    .  PHONE 95     FIRST'STREET,.GRAND FORKJ    P. 0. BOX 610  stead, of Rock Creek, left on Tups  day to join their regiments in Eng  land.  METEOROLOGICAL  The   following' is   the .minimum'  and maximum temperature^for e.ach  day   during   the   past    week, as .re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:   /  Mm.     Max.  Dec     4���������Frirlav 32 35  5���������Saturday   ....   21      >      29  6���������Sunday, 27 34-  7���������Monday  20 29  8���������Tuesday     7 20  9���������Wednesday ..    3 12  TO-Thursday     0 13  Inches  Snowfall  "      5 5  GIVE "SYBU? OF FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  A man loses his appetite-ff forced  to. eal  his words.  SOUS, ACID STOMACHS,  GASS!5 OE INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all .stomach  ���������   misery in five minutes.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress v. Ill go. No indigestion,  hoart'Mini, ccunicss or belching of  gas, aci.i, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness," bloating, foul  breath or headnche.  Pape's Diapensin is noted for its  'speed in regulating upset stomachs.  It is the surest, quickest stomach rem-  _edy in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever Ly' getting . a'..large  fifty-cent case of Pape's- Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or "any  "stomach disorder. It's the quickest,  sures:. ������nd most .harmless stomach  doctor in the world.  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS&3&  gulating pill for Women. $5 a box or threo for.  $10. Sold at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  address on receipt of price. Tub Scobeli. Drug.  Co., St. Catharines, Ontario.  PHOSPHONQL FOR MEN.  Vitality; for Nerve arid Brain; increases "grey  matter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. $3 a box, or  two for $5, at drug stores, or by mail on receipt  of price.aTHK Scobell Drug Co., St. Catharines, ���������  Ontario.   -^ ,  Restores .  Vim and  ortgage Sale  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  - . and bowels.  A publication that  should   prove  of   considerable interest to the prospective stiller has been prepared in,  aud   is   how   being issued from the  railway branch of   the   department  of the interior at Ottawa.    Ttiis   interesting publication, which is known  as   the   Peace river or northern Al  berta   homestead   map, graphically,  illustrates)   by  a comparatively simple syBtem of coloring the  land situation in that district, including as it  does complete information  with re  spect to the location   of   lands loca  tion of timber berths and forest  reserves, nature of the soil, etc.  An interesting feature of the map  Look at the tongue', mother! If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  -and bowels need cleansing at once.  When peevish, cross, listless, doesn't  sleep, eat or act naturally, or is feverish, stomach sour, breath bad; has  sore throat, diarrhcer.. full of cold, give  a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  constipated waste, undigested food  and sour bile gontly moves out of its  little bowels without griping, and you  have a well, playful child again. Ask  your druggist for a 5''���������cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains fuVi Erections for babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  The Sun  is the   iaryest, and   best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is   only   one  half that of its local contemporaries  - ������������������ .' .     S ���������  It is a valuable advertising medium.  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is main^.  tained, merely on its merits' as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers. '  Major Glossop  and   Major   Well  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  UNDER and by virtue of the-Powers of Sale contained in a certain  mortgage which will be produced  at the time of the sale, there will be  offered for sale bv public auction at  the office of the Southern B C. Lands  and Mines, Limited," v Quilehena -Avenue, in the City of Merritt, B. C,-,.6n  Monday,-the 1,4th of December, 1914,  at the hour of three'o'clock' in the  afternoon, the following ��������� property,  namely:    , ���������-   -'  ALL AND SINGULAR-that certain, parcel or tract of land and, premises ^situate, lying' 'and' .beinsr'irrthe  Similkatneen Division of Yale'District  in the Province of British Columbia,  more particularly known and described  as Lot Fourteen Hundred and Eiglitv  (1480), in "Group One (1)', Similka>  mee.n (formerly Osoyoos) Division of  Yale District! in ��������� the - Province of  British Columbia,- containing ���������Two  .Hundred and Eighty-eight and Four-  tenths (28o\4) acres, more or less.  Terms of sale to be twenty per cent  cash at the time of sale   and   the bal  ance according to the teems   and  conditions made known at the time of the  .sale or upon application to   the   Ven  dor's Solicitors.  The above property will be sold sub  ject to a sealed reserved bid  and  free  from all  encumbrances.  For further particulars and   condi  tions of sale apply to ���������������������������������- ,'���������'-  M  L  GRIMMETT,  '���������.'-" 'Vendue's Solicitor, .  Merritt, B.; 0  Dated  at   Merritt, B. C., this^'Oth  day of November, .1914.       -    V       '  Will beautify" "the . home and  give a "rich "appearance. -'and-  finish-to-a room that' cannot  be given in any other way.  Our new papers will enable  you to do-this. See-our samples and be convinced.  WoodIand(2&Quinn  The Rex-?ll Druggists  ., . --.    THE  London Directory  (Published Annually)  ICnables traders  throughout-the   world   to  communicate direot with Engrlish        '  MANUFACTURERS <fc DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contaius lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS   '  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES-   -  arranged under the Ports to which they'sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrie!  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be f jr-  warded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger-advertise-  nieurs from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTOR! CO., LTD.  ��������� 25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C  AT YOUR  ^SERVICE.  Modern R:gs  and-Goodx  -   Horses "at All Hours, at  the'      " ���������    ' '���������  .   Model LiverjfBarn  Burns & O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  TICK BY THE GOOD  TS  WHITE WYANDOTTES  The meat breed that lays  persistently.  YEARLING  HENS  FOR SALE.  S, G, R, I, RED  March Cockerels, from $2.00 up...  E.E.W- MILLS GBANrrs'  ROBINSON  B      I B  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE    _'  PHONF (il     GRAND FORKS, B. C.  They are usually best  and" most satisfactory  in the end.  Boundary's Best  -   B0TLE1 BEEB i^  ���������-       "a  home "product of ~;-~;  real ������: merit..   ,Get.,,::. a:.-.: .,  ,a case.today,and-try it -  now.   Ask for' it.  -'  GRAND FORKS BREWING  ... COMPANY -  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Honf nc a Specialty.  '/  aHBBaat-w'w" r*"'  Leaves Grand Forks Every Tuesday and Friday at 7:30 a.m.  '    from F. E. Shantz' Office, Bridge Streef  Returning, Leaves Gloucester Every Wednesday and Saturday  Good accommodations for passengers. A limited amount of  perishable freight will also be carried. First-class hotel at  Gloucester for travellers, THOMAS FUNKLEY, Proprietor.  HANSEN SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Yoar Gait Coal  s  ow  Office I  F. Downey's Cigar Store  First Street  Telkphonks;  Officii, MS-,    *.. .. ���������,. .. .  HaNBKm'H RK8IDENCE.RJ18  Geo. E. Massie  Fashionable  Ladies'and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  rand Forts, B. C.  P. A,  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Strekt.  riartinii'ullen  All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann Drug Co. 's Store  PHONE~35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  Grand   Forts Transfer  PHONE 129  ' Sole Agents for .������������������'-���������'.  Teaming of All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage at: All  Trains;  Mclntyre &  Mclnnis, Proprietors  !Paysrfor The Sun for an entire year.    It is  ^the brightest paper in the Boundary country THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  M *���������  Every Reader, of TheSon May  Haye a War Map Free ���������,  A MAP 3������x2������ feet, showing  **��������� clearly every boundary,  every city, every" town, village,  hamlet and river in the whole  European War area. Each map  in a neat folder of convenient  '-size.  .'pHE Family. ; Herald 'and  ���������;* Weekly;Star of Montreal  has secured exclusive rights for  the"-. War Map prepared by the  celebrated map firm of Gr. W.  Bacon & Co., Ltd., of. London,  Eng. ��������� It is beyond" question the  most comprehensive map printed  *T*HE SUN has':. completed ar-  V    rangements. by which our.  readers can secure a -copy   of  this excellent map free of charge.  P  1/    .-  Here Is Our Offer Good  For 15 Days Only  HpHE   j)rice   of  The   Family  *     Herald and .Weekly Star,  Canada's Greatest  Newspaper,  is one dollar a year.  if.  'TOIE price of The Grand Forks  *    . Sun is one dollar a year.  VX/E now offer both papers  *V one year1 each, including  a copy of The Family Herald's  War Map, size 30x40 inches, in  a neat folder of con- fl* I e������r|  venient size for only  J3*������eMJ  *T1HIS" offer applies to all sub-  ���������*' scribers, new or renewal,  who pay for the two papers inside next 30 days from this date.  TO follow the war situation intelligently The Family Herald War Map is necessary.   It  should   be  in   every Canadian  , Home.  Order at Once  Th.  ofks  /  THE PEACE CENTENARY AND  THE WAR  Should, the Hundred Years of  Peace celebration-^ between Canada  and the United Stases. and between  Great Britain and the United States  be abandoned because of the war?  This question has-evoked a t considerable amount of discussion hothin  Canada and the United States In  a circular just issued by the Canadian Peace Centenary association  the answer is given^ The association took the wise course of consulting the executives of the British and  American organizations and of requesting the opinion of a large number of leading men throughout Canada  " At a'meeting held in Ottawa on  August 19 last the following resolution was passed": . - ��������� .  "That the association desires to  record its opinion that, notwithstanding the present war 'there  should be an appropriate celebration  commemorative of the hundred  years of peace between the British  empire and the United States. , The  association recognizes, however,- that  having regard for the��������� very .-serious  nature of events arising out of the  war, it would be inexpedient to attempt" att present 'definite arrangements as to time and place.for a  celebratiqp'of an international <;har  acter. With this exception it' is  decided that the association proceed  with'its educational and oftier wo,rk  as far as may be possible."  At this meeting letters were read  from - Sir Robert Borden' and Sir  Wilfrid Laurier. One sentenee of  Sir Robert Borden's letter .expresses  his view clearly: "The .project .of  marking in an appropriate manner  the completion oi a century of peace  between the British empire and the  United-States ought surely to command the widest sympathy. That  terrible storm of war now'sweeping  Europe, the ravages of which reach  even to-the shores, of this- continent,  brings into clearer' relief the more  excellent way which these'two powers have found and followed."' Sir  Wiltried'Laurier is also equally emphatic: "I am certainly of theopiu-  ion. that the celebration shouid not  be interfered with by the war. On  the contrary, at this moment more  than ever, it would be advisable  that the American people and the  Canadian should give an example  to the world of their unflinching  and determined desire to maintain  peace."  The chairman of the American  commission wrote after conferring  with his colleagues.  "If ihere was reason for holding  a celebration over the historic fact  of a century of peace, there is doubly the reason for celebrating peace in  the light of the awful war in which  Europe is engaged."  The New^York Times asked editorially, "Why should the plan to  celebrate a century of peace between  the two branches of the English-  speaking race be deferred on account  of the war in Europe, in which one  of them is involved?" And contiuued,  "It will be all the more appropriate  that we and onr, British brothers  shall call the attention of the world  to the wonderful benefits that have  followed the long uninterrupted  reign of peace between us, and so  far as may be, to its causes."  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR    .  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Tryjt!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If yen ca--^ for heavy hair that glistens v.-:th beauty and is radiant^ with  Vile; has an incomparable softness and,  is fluffy" an'd lustrous, try;,Dander!ne.';  Just one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it imme^  diately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not- have nice-  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. , This destructive scurf robs  the-hair of its lustre, it3 strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishness and itching of '  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the���������-hair falls out  fast. Surely get a 25^cent bottle of  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try-it  "Three Squares a Day"  In spite of war and the honors of  war a vast number of Canadians are  agoing to need "three squares a day,"  just as in times of peace. They are  going to-need such things as clothing,  fuel, etc.. too, aud a surprising lot of  them will go on buying luxuries as  well.  ��������� The bottom hasn't)- fallen out of  trade. On the contrary a new bot  torn has been put in. Live adver-  tigers are-going after the*new business,  new markets, new fields made possibk  by 'this great and unfortunate war.  Just as modern methods of warfare  will,add new, eflicieucy, new ^features  to this war, so modern methods, of  sellidg���������through ival .advertising and  merchandising���������will add new effic  iency to~ the commercial effort sec in  motion by the war/..     -   -  American manufacturers have dis'  covered that owing to the shutting oil  of German exportations Miey have a'  brand ne.w market at their doors for  such commodities as chemicals, drugs,  medicines, copper and manufactures,  cotton goods, earthen stone and china--  ware, glass and glassware, malt  liquors, spirits, wines, silk manufactures, fruit and nuts, gloves, embroidery, hats, steel and- iron manu  factures, toys, etc.  The American advertisers are' readjusting themselves with, wonderful  rapidity and are redoubling their efforts to secure new trade heretofore  denied ; them." Those who hesitate  will lose-a tremendous opportunity  -and be handicapped for months, per  haps years, to come.  What,about us Canadians? .  .1 : :   The Sun gathers   and   prints   the  news first     It is not a pirate.  The Sun   is  the  best newspaper  value in the Boundary country.  GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cotton-Lisle  They have stood the test. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Never bo-  corrles loo������e or bagery. The shape is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for fineness, style,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  stainless. Will wear 6 months without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to every one sending us J1.00 in currency  or poutul note, to cover advertising- and  shipping expenses, we will send post-paid-  with written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, either  3 PAIRS OFOUR 75C. VALUE  American Silk Hosiery,      *  Or'4- PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Coitou-Lisle Hosiery,  Of?   6 PAIRS OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, size,and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery is desired.  , DON'T DELAV -OfFer expires   when  a dealer in your locality is selected -  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY GO.  P. O.  BOX 244  DAYTON, OHIO, U.  S. A.  AVhen the oldest daughter marries, the rest of the family manage  to get .along comfoatably without  "any boss.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture. Made   to-Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  KAVANAGH & McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENOB  A Clean-Cut  Argument  a  F  J  8  JUTE MEETING  The general annual meeting of  the Grand Forks Farmers' insti  tute will be held in the board of  trade rooms, on First street, on Saturday afternoon, December 19, to  commence at 3 o'clock punctually.  Every' member is reqne.sted^ to be  present.  In your favor is good printing.    It starts   things  off in  your favor. People read your  arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented.    It   carries   weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing   becausr  it GETS  BUSINESS.    If you don't  already known  our kind of  printing,  let us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop \  !  -.,. i ���������  THE    SUN,-   GRAND  FORKS  German Shell Fir������  TJic character of the Gerinan shell  fire is described by Private S. Taylor,  ot the 2nd Worcestershire Regiment,  who was wounded by shrapnel during  the fighting at Mons, and has now returned to hlsliome at Rowley Regis."���������  Upon reaching Mons, he says, they  received the order to sit down to clin-  ' ner, but before the meal could be  served shells began to fall among  tliemlike hailstones. They "were then  told to line the trenches. The German shell firing was deadly, and the,  regiment was cut up, while the King's  Own Scottish Borderers, who were on  tho left began the engagement 1,700  strong and ended with about 250. As  to the shooting of the German Infantry Taylor said tney could not hit a  haystack in an entry. Not more than  one bullet in every hundred found its  mark. The British soldiers had the'  better oC the .fight until their ranks  were thinned.   "  ' Taylor was taken, to a church which  had been transformed into a hospital,  but the building/was shelled to such  an extent by the Germans that the  wounded had to be removed.  Nothing has ever  equaled or compared  with the medicinal fats  in Soott's EmesisBoss to  arrest the decline, invigorate  the blood, strengthen the  nervous system, aid the appetite and restore the courage  L*y*k ������* ketter health.  ^3? Scott's Emulsion in ���������  pure health-building) food, without  harmful drugs.  TRY IT  '14-41  REMEMBER!- The.ointment  you put on your child's skin gets  into the" system just as surely as  food the child eats. Don't let  impure fats and mineral coloring  matter (such as many of the  cheap ointments contain) get  into your .child's blood! Zam-  Buk is purely herbal. _ No poisonous coloring. Use it always.,  iOc. Box at All Drugghis and Slora.  M&MW&I8M  The Home Garden-  ,. The British board .of agriculture has  ���������advised the householders of Great  Britain to utilize every foot of spare  land in the planting of gardens for  next year, to supply as far as possible  their ovvn garden porduce. In this way  they can assist in'relieving any shortage which may develop on account of  war conditions.  This suggestion is of equal importance to Canadians. Attached to' nearly  every home are pieces pf ground  which at present are merely waste  land. With little effort these may be  converted into productive gardens. It  requires very little space for a garden that, with ordinary care,: will supply an average household with vegetables. By cultivating the available  ground many Canadian >families can  ���������reduce their living expenses, and, at  the same time, secure vegetables  which are absolutely fresh.  Warts on the hands is a disfigurement that troubles many ladies. Hollo-  way's Corn Cure -will remove the blemishes without pain.  First Fish���������European waters are  getting dangerous with these mines.  Second Fish���������Thank goodness, it  doesn't cost us anything to swim to  America.���������New York Sun.  Germany's .Gosper of Culture  What- was   that  German    culture?  What "was its object and its practice?  Its 'first object.se^emed to be���������inspired,  he supposed, by the forty universities  ���������to destroy all other universities, and  they had  begun by    destroying    the  University of Louvain, which by solemn treaty  they- ;had  sAvora to preserve.    The second object,   was    to  drown Belgium,- which they had guaranteed .by a solemn act, in blood and  in fire, and .the third was to destroy,  all historical monuments within their  reach,  and  to do  what the  greatest  barbarians 'in  history  would     never  even  have    contemplated.    Louvain,  Malines, Senlisj all attested the benefits b������ German culture, and that day  we had the final report that one of  the ' most    glorious   . monuments of  Christian  architecturA.in the- world,  .one of the most historical antetypes  of our Westminster-Abbey, the cathedral..of  Rheims,  had -been    wantonly  bombarded and destroyed by the apostles of' German culture.  Can you conceive a more deliberate  and public repudiation of Christianity from that state which is constantly arrogating to itself the special pro-  tection of the Almighty than such a  -wicked destruction of a great Christian temple, destroying at .the same  time some wounded���������some German  wounded���������-even" seme Sisters of Charity who had taken refuge under that  sacred roof? Well, that is German  culture.^ That is what is to be spread  at the -point of the1 bayonet by the  Prussian armies all over the world,  and that German culture is one of the  thiugs that we are determined to resist.���������Speech by Lord Rosebery.  On Sale Everywhere.���������There may  be country merchants who do not keep  Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil, .though  they are few and far between, and  these may suggest that-some other oil  is just as good. There is nothing^so  good- as a liniment or as an internal  medicine in certain cases. Take no  other. The demand-for it shows that  it is the only-popular oil.  Battling for the Supremacy of Justice!  The meaning of the British empire!  stands clear before the world today���������j  clearer than the most gifted pens have j  ever written  or  the' moat-informed'  m'inds have ever known. Tho rising of  India  to  claim her honorable, place  in Jhe battle front of all the Britains,  the pouring of- her troops across the  seas,  the opening of her purse, the  eager   service   of   her"~princes, ��������� tho  surging-- acclamation of her   common  faith and loyalty, compose a spectacle  so moving and so wonderful that silent  contemplation   becomes.' easier .than  praise or even gratitude.  -   When  the  kaiser  threw  down' his  brutal defiance to- the peace of tho  world,  to the' law ot nations and to  the rights of humanity, he ��������� can little  have dreamt from what distant shores  the answering shout of justice'and its  defenders would return to hini. Where  he thought to sow discord he has begotten unison; where he scattered the  seeds" of intimidation he    is-,  reaping  the harvest of defiance and Nemesis.  When he broke;the borders of a peaceful neighbor, how could hfi realize that  he touched an alarm bringing remotest  continents to the rescue?   How could  the "intoxication    of    self-will foresee  that    Himalaya    and    Hindu' Koosh  would march to the avenging 'of the  Ardennes?  .It is impossible to find words that  can express the mighty significance  of this gathering of the nations to punish wrong, and to support tne strong  arm uplifted in- its defiance. No event  in the history of the world has lent  greater vividness to the dream of  human confederation, of a supreme  jurisdiction of justice, and ' ot- universal security for common liberty.���������Pall  Mall "Gazette-..'  .-_.  qpHE "Good Old Standby"���������the gun that-  A users swear by against all comers.  Pick oat some friend you know who uses one.  Ask him about it. Let him show you the Solid  Breech, Bottom Ejection���������shells, smoke and gases  go down, away from your face; three Safety Devices; simple Take-down, the Hammerless feature.  Then, when you are ready to buy it,'' go to the  Remington-UMC "dealer in your community-  Sportsmen's Headquarters, ,   .  To Uccp your cun cleaned and lubricated r/tf/if, uae Ram  OH, tho"new "powder solvent, rust preventative rind gun  lubricant.;  Remington Arms-Union Metallic Cartridge Co,  Windsor, Ont., Canada  FARMERS  C*n aiwaya make sure of getting the .highest price. '" WH^������  OATS, BARLEY and FLAX, by shlpplno ^thelr car Iota to FORT WIL  LIAM  AND  PORT ARTHUR and having  them  sold  on  commission  by  THOMPSON   SONS   AND   COMPANY, .,  THE   WELL-KNOWN   FARMERS'   AGENTS  ADDRESS 701-703 Y���������  GRAIN   EXCHANGE,  WINNIPEG   Saving the Gun  Remarkable bravery is attributed to  two drivers of the Royal Field Atil-  lery, in the battle of Mons, by Lance--  Corporal; Bignell, of the Royal Berks  ���������regiment, who was bounded in the  engagement.   Bignell says:      8 .  These brave ^drivers brought a gun  out , of .action", with shells bursting  around them. They had noticed that  the gunners had been all killed, but,  calmly' and heroically, walked their  horses down to. tne gun. One driver  held- the horses under a terrific fire,  while the other limbered up, and the  gun was brought.safely back, neither  men. nor horses h,eing hit. They had  a miraculous escape. .As-we watched  them from -the trenches we thought it  impossible for them to escape death.  Shot and shell were ploughing the  ground up all round them. It. was  magnificent bravery ��������� and worthy of  high "��������� recognition. .  BRIGHT, HEALTHY,  ATTRACTIVE GIRLS  Waterman's Ideals write with unequalled ease and last a lifetime. Cleanly  to use and safe to carry/   Bej.ure you buy  the genuine: with the Spoon Feed.    Look for  tho word '' Ideal'' in globe.    Regular .Safety  and Self-Filling Types.   $2.50 to $50.00.  At Your Nearest Dealers.,  L. E: Waterman Company  Limited, Montroal  \Easymark���������I've   loaned     so   much  -money to my friends that I am almost  broke. ��������� '      .   -.    ���������  Owens���������-Let me make the finishing  touch.���������Boston Transcript.  On Arms,   Would Tingle and Itch, ���������.  In 'One Great Mass.    Looked  Scaly,   Used Cutictira Soap and'  Ointment. ,Rash Disappeared.-^,  So. Btixton, Out.���������"My skin trouble.;:  started about seven years ago. My arms  began to tingle and itch. A watery looking  rash, very flno and close together, would  break c>ut every summer. It would itch  and bum as the trouble progressed and 16  became, worse when I scratched It. Id  looked .ashy and scaly and in one great)  mass. My arms wore so disfigured I could  not wear slrort. sleeves. I could not help  scratching it all the 11 mo and when I had  taken a bath it would itcii and burn for  about an hour. My flesh was soro from  scratching.  ��������� " I used all kinds of soap and used sulphur  baths but nothing would relievo mo. AC  last f saw the advertisement of Cutlcura.  Soap and Ointment in tho paper and I sent  :for a sample. The samples helped me so  .much I got a cake of Cutictira Soap and a.  ibox of Outicura Ointment and began battling with the .Soap and water as hot as C  could bear It, then I would lako a little of  ftho Ointment and put on tho skin. I did  this every night and morning. I used only  two cubes of Soap and one bo;: of Ointment  ftnd in less than sis wocks tho rash had ail  disappeared and now my arms look natural  Bgaln." (Signed) Mrs. Andrew Johtistoii.  iVIay 20,1911.  Samples Free by Mail   ;  A single cako of Cutictira ������k>ap and hoi  of Cutictira Ointment aro often sufueionS  when all clso lias failed. Sold throiighoud  tho world. Sample, of each mailed frco.  trith :i2-p. Skin Itook. Address posl-cyi*  fcCutlcura, Dent. JD, Boston, U. S. Su",    >'  Entente Cordiale  The following narrative shows Ihe  comradeship   of     the     British     and  French troops in the trenches:  "A regiment lay in trenches under  a mixed rifle and shrapnel fire. Suddenly     a' couple  of privates  noticed  thatthe French interpreter was awkwardly placed  at a spot where the  trench  was  not wide  enough  to  enable him to make proper use of his  rifle. ���������'......���������' j-  '" "The . Frenchman isn't comfortable,' said one,- and both left the  trench., spade in hand, knowing well  that .they were serving the enemy as  targets, dug-out. the trench in "front  of their French comrade, and returned with unbroken calm to their own  places and their rifles.  ���������'Our British Allies have, as every  one knows; two main pre-occupations  ���������to be able to shave and to have tea.  ;!S'o danger deters them from their allegiance to the razor and the teapot.  At   ,��������� in  the   department   of   the  Nord, I heard a British officer of high  rank declare with a delicious calm  between :.-two attacks on: the town:  'Gentlemen, it was nothing." Let's go  and -have tea.' Meanwhile his men  took advantage of'the brief respite to  crowd round the pump, where, producing soap and strop, they proceeded to  shave with little bits of broken glass  serving as mirrors." ���������  ...  '  The writer was profoundly amused by the new British war-cry, "Are  we down-hearted?" and the resounding "No:" which follows it. After a  volley has swept the ranks there is  always some joker to shout the ques-  ton. and all the rest roar out in the  midst of geueral laughter, "No."  Miller's Worm Powders not only  make the infantile system untenable  for "Worms, but by their action on the  stomach, liver and bowels they correct  such troubles as lack of appetite, biliousness and other internal disorders  that the.worms create. Children thrive  upon them and no matter what condition their worm-infested stomachs  may be in, they will show improvement as soon as the treatment begins.  W. N. U. 1025  TliisCondition.Can Only Be  Maintained  Through Rich, Red Blood  It makes all the ^difference in the  world to a girl whether she develops  into a bright^healthy attractive woman or sinks into.a sickly, unhappy,  suffering semi-invalid.      ��������� . .^  The girl whose; blood is poor and  scanty���������who is anaemic as the doctor  terms it���������starts life under too great  a-handicap.   She is weaker and more  frail than her companions who have  rich, red blood*.    She is more easily  fatigued in body and mind, and w;ork  of any kind exhausts her. In time her  health    breaks    down.    She becomes  pale, looks- worn- out, is languid, irritable and nervous.    Her heart palpitates violently at the least exertion,  and  she  falls  behind  other  girls, in  looks, health, and a capacity for enjoying life.   Abundant .rich, red blood  is.the only thing that"can restore good  health to the many thousands of stick  girls.    This rich, red. blood can:only  be  obtained  through  the .use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills: They have given  thousands    of . weak,    white-faced,  bloodless     girls,     robust,     vigorous  health   and  high   spirits.   Here   is. a  bit .of proof. Miss .Olive Gauvreau, St.  Jerome, Que., says: "I have reason-to  be more    than   grateful to Dr. .Williams' Pink Pills, for they restored me  to health after more' than one doctor  and many medicines had^ failed.  , I  suffered as so many girls do from anaemia.   I was all run down, tortured  with headaches, could not stand any  exertion, and had no appetite, though  of course I had to force myself to eat.  I was in this condition for nearly two  years,   and  although  doctoring    continually, seemed to be steadily growing-worse, and I was very much discouraged  and  despondent.  Finally a  friend urged me to try Dr. Williams'  .Pinli^Pills    and    I    discontinued all  other Tuedicines and    did so.   In the  course of a few weeks there was no  room to doubt that I had at last found  the right medicine.    My appetite returned, the headaches began to come  less frequently, and color was returning to my face. The continued vse of  tlio Pills for a little longer fully restored  my  health,  and I  have  since  been as healthy and active as anyone  could wish.   I cannot too strongly.recommend Dr. Williams' Pink Pills to  other weak and ailing' girls*  You . can get these Pills through  your medicine dealer or by mail post  paid at 50 cents a box or six boxes  The Planting and Care of Shade Trees  A bulletin entitled "Tho Planting  and Care,of Shade Trees," has just  been issued by tlio Central Experimental Farm.  This publication, -which has been  prepared by Mr. P. K Buck, B.S.A...  assistant to the Dominion horticulturist, contains practical directions and  advice in the selection of shade trees,  their planting, transplanting and 'sub-  seqiient treatment and cafe, with  notes on the principal injuries and unfavorable conditions to which shade  trees are subjected, especially .in  town.;, and cities. Lists of^varieties  suitable for street and home planting  are.also given.  This bulletin is No. 19 of the second sei-ies of tho Central Experimental Farm, a copy of which will  be mailed to those to whom .the information is likely to. be useful and  who make application to the Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.   ���������  A  Flnj Job.    .  From a ,- Boston paper comes th������  story of an'"old man named Bill Hern-  don, whose pride in his son, "ioumj  Bill," flourished in the face of-every  discouragement.  "Bill's got a line job now," the old,  man  announced  to- a neighbor    on*  morning;  "a fine job!  Saving money  fast." ���������       - -  "What's   he   doing?"     asked     tha .  ������������������'other ;:nian.  "He's a night printer," Bill answered "Oh, a fine job! He works nights  and saves his lodgin's, and then lui  sleeps all day and saves his food.     .  A Well Known Man  Mnard's Liniment Co., Limited.  " Dear. Sirs,���������I can recommend your  MINARD'S LINIMENT' for Rheumatism and Sprains, as I have used it  for both with excellent results^    :  yours truly,  T. B. LAVERS,  St. John.  1=1  m  m  m  m  m  "Here, cabby, you haven't given me  enough change."  "Well, Mister, you can't expect to  hire a boss and kerridge an' a expert  accountant for fifty cents a mile."���������  Life.  Minard's Liniment Cures Burns, etc.  Old Gentleman (who has just finished reading an account of a sliip-  wreclc with loss of passengers and  all hands)���������Ha! I am sorry for the  poor sailors that were drowned.  Old Lady���������Sailors! It isn't the  sailors, it's the passengers I am sorry  for.    The sailors are used to it.  for $2:50 from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont. i  , She���������Did vou have trouble with  vour French when you were in Paris?  *���������  He���������I didn't, but the Parisians .did.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun. Dust and Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c perllottlc. Murine"Eye  SalveinTubes25c. ForBookolfhcEyeFreeask  Druggists or'Murine Eye Remedy Co., Chicag*  'Starting Tree Distribution ."  The department of agriculture of  the United States is preparing to inaugurate a system of distribution of  trees in the Western States similar  to that being carried on by the Forestry Branch of the Department of the  Interior in Ganada. Mr. W. A. Peterson, superintendent of the newly-established field station at Mandan,  N.D., U.S.A., has recently visited the  forest nursery station at Indian Head,  Saskatchewan, in order to get information as to the method of handling  the work in Canada, as it has now  been definitely decided that the United States should propagate and distribute trees from the Mandan station  under a system similar to that operating in Canada. It is interesting to  know that in this respect Canada has  led the way.  It .Cures  Corns  Quickly  Putnam's Corn Extractor is warranted to cure Corns without pain,  in a few '.hours! Give "Putnam's" a  trial and you will be "satisfied. It is  sure, safe and painless.  After trying unsuccessfully to open j f~  tho larder door one small boy turned ] =?=:  to his brother and said:       ' 11|  "It's no use, Jim. Not one of these  keys will fit it."  "v  "All right, then," said Jim resignedly, "all we can do is wait until  mamma comes home, and ask her for  something for being good boys."  A Good Lamp Burns  I|s Own Smoke  The R-ayo Lamp  mixes air and oil in  just tiie . right proportions, so that you  get a clear, bright  light without a trace  of smell or smoke.  LAMPS  Rayo lamps are easy on  the eye3--soft and  steady���������light up a whole  room.  1  Made of solid brass,  iiickel plated���������hand-  ���������somc, made to last.  Easy to clean and rewick.  Dealers everywhere  carry Rayo lamps������������������  various styles and sizes.  ROYAUTE OIL i> best  for all uica  ���������   .  Dr. Plllein���������Are you going to call a  i consultation? ���������- .  I Dr Boii,s���������I think not. I don't believe'the patient has any more money  than I need myself.���������Boston . Transcript.  m  THE IMPERIAL'OUTGO., Limitoa      fe  Winnipeg  Cdtary.  R������b������,  Montr������������l.  Qa.btc,  HaWtic, EAnonton, Smluitaoa  Vancomar, Toronto, Ott������w������.  /"  WBB&BilHtiWm  s  wia3msmBimm&,  mwmmmmmammm  mBmmmmmma&wsimmammaam  mmsmmmmmmmmmtimaMMim [UP  the  sun; grand  forks,  b. c.  I2SB  NO PRICE TOO  HIGH FOR DEFENCE OF LIBERTIES  Rain Follows Big Battles  Premier Asquith Says the Task is no Light One that Britain Has  Undertaken, but that it must be Fully Accomplished,  and the German Domination Ended  At a groat meeting    in Edinburgh  " to encourage recruiting,  Mr. Asquith  madejlthe chief .address.    _Ie said in  part:  A fortnight -ago today, in the  Guildhall of the city of London, I  endeavored to' present to the nation  and to the world tho reasons which  have compelled us, the people of all  others which has tho greatest interest in the maintenance of peace, to  engage in the hazards and the horrors of war. I do not' wish to repeat  .tonight in any -detail what I then  said.. The war'has arisen immediately and ostensibly, as everyone knows,  out of a dispute- between Austria and  Servia in which we in this country  had no direct concern. The diplomatic history of those critical weeks  - ���������the last fortnight in July and the  first few. days of August���������is now  accessible to all the-'world. If has  been supplemented during the last  few days by the admirable and ex-1  haustivf despatch of our late ambassador at Vienna, Sir Maurice de Bun-  sen, a despatch which, I trust, everybody, will read. And no one who reads  It can doubt that, largely through  the efforts of my right lion, friend  and colleague, Sir Edward Grey, the  conditions of a peaceful'settlement of  tho actual controversy were already  within sight when, on the 31st of  y Jul}', Germany by her own deliberate  act, jmade war a certainty. The facts  are incontrovertible.  They are not sought to be controverted, except, indeed, by the invention and circulation of such wanton  falsehoods as  that France  was  contemplating and even commencing the  violation ot   Belgian   territory   as   a  first step  on  heiv road  to  Germany.  .Tiie result is that we are at war, and  we- are  at war���������as  I have  already  shown elsewhere,    and    as  I repeat  'here    tonight���������we    are  at    war  for  three reasons.    In the first place '.0  vindicate  the  sanctity of  treaty  ob-  ." ligations and of what, is properly cali-  .ed the public- law of Europe;  in the  second place, to assert and J;o enforce  .   the independence of free states, relatively small and weak, against the en-  "-   croachments' and- the violence of the  strong, and in the-third place-to withstand, as we believe in the.best interests not only of our own empire but of  civilization  at  larjge,    the    arrogant  claim of a single power to dominate  the development, of the destinies    of  Europe  (Cheers).-  ��������� Since I last spoke some faint attempts have been made in Germany  to dispute the accuracy and the sincerity of this statement of our attitude and aim.  ��������� ��������� But faint as is this denial of this  part of our case it becomes fainter  still���������it dissolves into the thinnest of  thin- air���������when it has to deal with  our'contention-that we and our. allies  are withstanding a power whose aim  is nothing less than the domination  of Europe. (Hear, hear). It is indeed the avowed belief of the leaders  of Gjrinan thought���������I will not say of  the German people, but of those who  for many years past have controlled  German policy���������that such a doruinat-  tion, carrying with it the supremacy  of what they call German culture���������  could happen to the world. Let  me, then, ask for a moment what is  tin's German culture, what is this German spirit of which the Emperor's  armies are at present the missionaries in Belgium, and in ^France?  (Laughter). Mankind owes niuch to  Germany, a very great debt for the  contributions she has made to philosophy, to science, and to the arts..  But," gtnelemen, that which is specifically German in the movement of the  -world-in the last thirty years has  been, on the intellectual side, the development of the doctrine of *he sup-'  ' reme and ultimate prerogative in human affairs of material forces, and, on  the practical side, the taking of the  foremost place in the fabrication and  the multiplication of the machinery of  destruction.  ;   To the men who have adopted thiu  gospel, who believe that power is the  be-all  and  end-all  of the  state,  nat-J  mully a treaty is nothing more than)  a piece of parchment, and all the old-  world  talk  about  the  rights   of  the  weak    and    the  obligations    of  the  strong is only    so much threadbare; i  and nauseating cant.    For one very1  remarkable    feature    of    this    new  school of doctrine is, whatever be its  intellectual or its ethical merits, that  It lias turned out as an actual code  for life  tot be a  very  purblind  philosophy.  -The German culture, the German  spirit, did not save the emperor and  his 'people from delusions and miscalculations as dangerous as they  were absurd in regard to the British  empire. We were believed by these  cultured observers to be the decadent descendants of a people who, by a  combination of luck and of fraud hail  managed to obtain dominion over a  vast quantity of the surface and the  populations of tho globe.  This fortuitous aggregation which  goes by tho name of the British empire, was supposed to be so insecurely founded and so loosely knit together that at the first touch of serious  menace from, without it would fall to  pieces and tumble to the ground. Our  great Dominions were getting heartily  tired of the imperial connection; In-  dia-^it was .notorious to every German  traveller���������was on the verge of open  revolt; and here at heme we, the people of- this United Kingdom, were riven | by dissension so deep and so  fierce that our energies, .whether for  resistance or for attack, would be  completely ��������� paralyzed. Gentlemen,  what a. fantastic dream and what a  rude awakening. (Laughter and  cheers). And in this vast and' grotesque, and yet tragic, miscalculation  is to be found one Qf the-roots���������perhaps the main root���������of the present  war. *~'       *  But let us go one step more. It  has" been - said, "By their fruits ye  shall know - them," and history will  reco,rd that "when the die was cast  and the struggle began it was the  disciples of that "same creed who revived methods of'warfare which have  for centuries past beon^ condemned  by the commonsense as ~" well as by  the humaliity of the great mass of  the civilized world. Louvain, Malines,  Termonde���������these are names which  will henceforward be branded on the  brow of German. culture.  The task���������do not let us deceive  ourselves���������the task will not be a light  one. - Its full accomplishment���������and  nothing short of full accomplishment  is worthy of our resolve���������will certainly take' months, If may even take  years. I have come here tonight, not  to ask you to count the cost���������for no  price can .be too high to pay when  .honor and' freedom are at stake���������but  to put before you, as I have tried to  do, the magnitude of" the issue, and  ���������the supreme necesstiy that lies upon  us as a nation���������nay,, as a brotherhood  and family of nations^lo rise to its  height and acquit ourselves of 6ur  duty.--The war has now lasted more  than six weeks. Our supreniacy-at  sea has not been seriously questioned���������full supplies of food and of raw  materials are making their way to our  shores from every quarter of ' tiie  globe���������our industries, with one or two  exceptions, maintain their activities;  unemployment is so far not seriously  in excess of the average; the monetary situation has improved; and  every effort that the zeal and the  skill of the chancellor of the exeche-  quer wtih the co-operation and expert  advice of the bankers and businessmen of the country can devise, every  effort is being made to achieve what  is most essential���������the complete re-establishment of the foreign exchanges.  Meanwhile the merchant shipping of  the the enemy has been hunted from  the seas and our seamen are s^till patiently, or impatiently waiting a chance  to try conclusion with the opposing  fleet.  His majesty's government have since  the war began despatched to the front  already considerably over two hundred thousand men and the amplest  provisions have been made for keeping our army supplied' with all that  is necessary in food, in stores, and in  equipment Tnej will very soon be  reinforced by regular troops from India, from Egypt, and the Mediterranean and in due time by the contingents  which our Domin:ons are furnishing  with such magnificent' patriotism aiid  liberality. We have with us here our  own" gallant Territorials becoming  every day a fitter and a finer force,  eager ?.nd anxious to despond to any  call either at home or abroad that  may be made upon them. But that is  not enough.- . We must do still more.  I have only one word more to say.  What is it,that we can offer to our  recruits? They come to us spontaneously under no kind of compulsion, they come of..their own free will  to meet a national and an imperial  need. Wc presr-nt to them no mater-j  ial inducement in the shape either of  bounty or bribe, and they have to  face the prospect-of a spell of hard  training from which most of the  comforts and all the luxuries that  any. of thorn have been accustomed  to are rigorously banished. But then  when they are fully equipped for  their patriotic task they will have  the. opportunity of" striking a blow���������  it may be even of laying down their  lives���������not to serve the cause of ambition or aggression, but to maintain  the honor and the good faith of our  country, to shield the independence  of free states, to protect against  brute ofrce the principles of civilization, and the liberties of Europe (loud  cheers-.  The   Explanation   of  the   Showers   is  Comparatively Simple  Torrents of rain often follow a big  battle.  History contains innumerable instances, both on land and'sea, and on  more than one occasion' the storm or  showers that followed an engagement  had no small influence upon the life  of nations. ' .  We can hardly have a oett'er example than that recorded In 1588,  when England was threatened by the  Spanish Arnianda. After the encounter with our own fleet it was struck  by a heavy storm, which completed  the-work of our own gallant seamen.  The soldiers who fought so bravely  undfer the leadership of Marlborough  at Blenheim in the year 1704 had to  suffer the misery of successive' downpours after'their...-brilliant victory.  Marlborough was anxious to follow  up" his victory, without delay, but his  men were so worn by the fatigue of  the battle.and the discomforts caused  by heavy' rains that he ���������as unable  to push on for several days.'  _On June 1G, 1815, the British defeated the French at Quatre Bras, and  defeated Napoleon worsted the wily  Blucher at Ligny, both withlnLmeasur-  able distance of Waterloo. The heavy  rains which followed these engagement made the clayey soil almost  Impossible for cavalry manoeuvres at  Waterloo (fought on June 18), and so  crippled the tactics of Napoleon and  greatly assisted those of the Duke of  Wellington. ��������� The victory would have  been gained in any case, but experts are of the" opinion that the rain  was .an ally of some value.  During the early weeks of the siege  of Sebastopol, in 1854, the roar of  cannon and explosion of bombs was  followed, day by day, by heavy downpours of rain, until our men stood in  the trenches knee-deep in mud. This  has also been the case in the present  war. '    /  A terrible gale '^broke over the  Black Sea and caused great disaster  to our transports, and oirthe heels of  this tempest came a heavy, steady  downfall of ��������� rain that brought death  to hundreds of our gallant, fellows.  In yet another instance the heavy  cannonading of a siege brought in its  train a disturbance of the elements.  This was just prior to the fall of  Plevna, in 1877, when_the moisture  of the clouds was turned to snow as  it fell, and, by increasing' the suffering of the besieged, helped to make  Osman-come to the determination to  try a- last chance for freedom.  \ The explanation of the rain is comparatively simple, and has been made  use of to a certain extent for the bene"-  fit of agriculture in various .parts of  the world.  - The atmosphere is laden with, moisture, a concussion caused, by loud "reports or noises wil Ioften burst the  clouds, with the natural result that  the drops of .water fall to t,he earth.  This has been tested ��������� when farmers  have been- groaning over the drought  and scientists" have, so it has been reported, ; induced some rain to fall by  causing cannon to-be. discharged at  altitudes varying with the locality.  FOR COURAGE THEY HAVE. NO COUNTERPART  Under the Shield of the Navy Britain Can Put a-Million of Men  in the Field���������The More Troops) that May  be  Sent,  the Less the Slaughter will be -  the scale in our iavor. In my opinion,  it is only a question of time and Britain holding firm. It is only a question  of how much bloo.d is to be shed, and  ,the more men we can send the les3  the slaughter will bo."  Germany began tho building of a  great navy for our undoing. He was  glad to be able to tell his audience  what , he thought about it now.  Every detail of the German scheme-  proved that it was meant for us���������for  our exclusive benefit. They recollected  the Aegean ��������� crisis. The -war would  have happened then if the chancellor  of the exchequer had not gone to the  Mansion House and made a speech;  but thep thought they would wait a  little longer. Mr.'Churchill continued:  "I became responsible for this great  department of the navy, and I have  had to see evory day evidence of the  espionage system which " Germany  maintained in this country. I -have  had evidence put under my eye month  after month of the agents whom they  The Right Hon. Winston Churchill,  addressing the great "Call, to arms"  meeting in Liverpool, said:  "The_ times in which we live are  terrible! Events have passed outside  the boundaries of the most daring imagination. The actual facts are so  stunr.ing, the scale of all the phenomena presented to our view so vast,  that we-can only feel that we must  just lay hold of the next obvious, simple step which duty indicates. The  end we cannot see, nor how we shall  reach the end, but the immediate step  before us we can see quite plainly. I  have not come here to .ask you for  your cheers. I have come to ask you  for a million men for the gallant army  of Sir John French���������a million of the  flower of our manhood, nothing but  the best, every man a volunteer.  "A million men maintained in the  field and equipped with everything  that science can - invent or money  can buy, maintained and supported  by the    resources    which, while we  maintain  command  of  the  seas,  we  have maintained year after year hera  Thibet's Offer of Soldiers  The Dalai Lama of Tibet, who lias  offered 1,000 troops to King George,  Is probably the most curiously elected ruler in the world.  The main article of the Lamaist  creed is transfiguration. When x  Lama dies it is believed that he will  at once reappear in human form, and  It becomes the duty of the priest to  determine  in   which  child   he  Is  re  incarnated-. Certain ��������� physical signs,  usually peculiar deformities, are supposed to indicate the reborn saint,  and the names of the children ans*  wering to the required description  are written oh pieces of paper, which  are rolled up and placed in a golden  urn.  . After eight days the urn is spun  until a name comes out three times,  whereupon its bearer is duly proclaimed and installed as Dalai Lama,  France's Emergency Capital  Bordeaux, whica has- suddenly risen  to the position of the first city of the  French republic, greatly resembles  Versailles  the  beautiful.   .  One might say that the same spirit  prasided over its construction. Its  builders planned it on a large - scale  and, as in the case of Versailles, to  outbid Paris. This is the impression  given to the visitor to Bordeaux when  he sees its spacious streets, its immense squares, its enormous buildings and monuments."    _      ���������'.-'  Nevertheless, the ensembio is pleas-  ing, for there are plenty of trees and  plenty of gardens, which lend a countrified air and a pretty tinge of gre-jn  to the' city with its gigantic stone  buildings." In temperament the Bor-  delais are very like the Southerners,  more particularly the people of Marseilles.  They are a pocket-edition of Tar-  tafin.de Tarascon, Alphonse Daudet's  braggart .hero of Southern Franca.  Like their brothers of Marseilles they  must always. be on the move, and,  above all, must be continually boasting of their prowess.  Historically speaking, Bordeaux :s  a very ancient town, the origin of  which is unknown. It made its appearance suddenly under the Romans,,  about 200 A.D., and was then already  a large town.  Tho Romans completely demolished it and reconstructed it in its actual proportions about 400 a.D. Bordeaux was several times under English domination, and traces of its  occupation are still to be found in a  kind of colony Avhich lies quite close  to the city. This- colony, which produces an'excellent wine which is very  well known, is still called "La Colonic  Anglaise."  Bordeaux surrendered (o England  for the last time in 1S14, when Louis  XVIII. was proclaimed King there.  Once before, during tiie Franco-  German war of 1870-71, the French  government was transferred to Bordeaux, where it remained until the  definite signature of peace.  The new capital is about 350 miles  from Paris, and is almost too large  for its 300,000 inhabitants. It has  room for twice or even three times as  many people without in the least inconveniencing the population,  Bordeaux- is the country of the old  wines of France. The grateful warmth  of the old brands of Bordeaux may  be said to dwell in the blood of the  inhabitants, who seem ever striving  to fill with life ami "movement their  immense city without, however, completely succeeding.  Bordeaux seems specially fitted to  cope with the present situation, and  is proud of the honor of being chosen  as chief city of France.  can draw from every quarter of the  globe and feed up steadily to their  full strength until this war is settled in the only way. I come to ask  you for this with great confidence,  because it can quite easily be done as  long as,we continue all of the same  mind.  "I have only one song to sing;  these are days of action rather than  of speech. \You have no need to be  anxious about the results. God has  blessed our arms with unexpected  good fortune. For myself, having  studied this matter with some'attention, I could not have hoped that at  this stage, of the war circumstances  would have been so favorable to the  allied cause.  "We must look to solid foundations  for our real sources of strength, and  even if this battle now proceeding  were to prove as disastrous as it appears to be triumphant,- and even if  other battles were to come, sinister in  consequences, still the British empire,  if its resolution does not'fail, could  finally settle this matter as it chooses.  "So far as the navy is concerned  we cannot fight while the enemy remain in. port. We hope a decision at  sea will be a feature of this war. Our  men who are spending a tireless vigil,  hope that they will have a chance to  settle the question with the German  fleet; and if they do not come out and  fight they^ will oe dug out like rats  in a hole. ,     '  "' "Under the shield of our navy you  can raise an army in this country  who will settle the war. Within six  or seven month's we can without difficulty, without boasting, without in-  in great numbers. These men have  exported all the details of our navy-  organization that they could get by  bribery and subordination.  "That, they might say, was a protective measure, because we have the  stronger fleet. Every dirty little  German lieutenant coming on leave to'  England has thought he would curry  favor with his superior by writing  home details of where water can be  got, where there is a blacksmith's  forge, how much provisions there may  be for a battalion, or a brigade in this  village or township of our peaceful  island. We have been the subjects of  a careful and deliberate and scientific  military recognizance. Well, . they  know all about us. If they like to coma  they know the way.  They had heard of the German  ambassador in the United States indulging in some vague talk of peace,  but peace, ought not to be on the lips  of those .who were invading the territory of their neighbors, and who  were carrying fire and sword through  peaceful  provinces.  Continuing the right hon. gentleman said: "While that spectacle continues, and while the smoke of their  abominable cruelty goes up to Heaven there is no time for talk of  peace. "Peace! Ah! we are only just  beginning. Peace with the German  people may be arranged in good time,  but peace with Prussian militarism.  * * * * N0 peace short of the  grave with that vile tyranny. Peace  will be found, In the word of his majesty the king, 'When the worthy cause  for. which we are fighting for has been  fully achieved.'   We may live to see  dulging in  speculations,  we  can - un-  a confirmation of the Christian states  doubtedly put into the field twenty-  five army corps comprising a million  men, who, for their personal quality,  understanding of    the quarrel,  spon-  of the Balkans restored to their proper racial limits; we may see Italy's  territory correspond with her population; we may see France restored to  taneous and voluntary energy and in- bor.proper station in Europe, and in  itiative will not find their match orjher rightful place; and we may sea  counterpart in the armies 'of Europe.   that old England nad something to do  ���������There is no reserve of manhood, there  is no reserve of vital energy on the  side of pur enemies which can prevent that million of men from turning  with it all. If these results be achieved the million men will not have been  demanded or supplied in vain.">(Loud  cheers).  Austria���������A Dynsaty  Austria is not a nation. She, is a  dynasty. The House of Hapsburg  rules over peoples who constantly en-  deaver to separate. The foreign policy of that house is based on the desire to hold its dominions together.  Hungary has been troublesome lately.  The new Slav province of Bosnia-  Herzegovina has required much repression. Servia has grown strong  and dreamed' of leading the non-Russian Slavs. The Mapsburg dynasty  needed for its own comfort to reduce Servia. There are always plots  and counterplots on both sides. The  Austrian    government    knew      well  120 Million   Fighting Men  Russia's Supply of Men Simply Inexhaustible  it is a noteworthy fact that the future existence of the Russian empire  depends   largely   on   the   peasants.  The Russian army is recruited  .principally from the peasant class and  from various nomadic races inhabiting  the eastern provinces.  It is estimated that in all there are  about J20 million peasants in the  Russian empire, and probably no  body of men in existence is so hardy  Their physique is very fine  it.  4 i    1 CI      f Jl I CI  ahead of the plot to assassinate King  -    compared with that of other Cur-  Alexander and Queen Draga m ifxu | ^ ^ "'"  It took a cynical attitude toward the' ������Peau Iac,-S-  murder until  -the world's outcry led)     They   are,   however,   somewhat .g-  it to express  belated   horror.    When! nonint   and    superstitious,    and, too  Servia completed a tariff union  with i frequently   the   victims     of    terrible  Bulgaria in 1905, Austria began a tar-; famines.     In   most   Russian   villages  iff war on Servia.    In  i<Kifj in an of-1 llicr������ Q1-e ������������ doctors or trained nurses  fort to prove a Servian  plot against j and  the death  rate if,  appalling.  her, Austria relied on documents that      When  a  peasant  is  taken  ill  only  were forged.   The murder of the heir! two remedies are available as a rule  presumptive a few   weeks   ago   gave j ��������������� bot bath, and the "Feldshar,   who  Austria her next chance, and she took I is generally an old soldier with a little  rudimentary    knowledge  of    surgery  picked  up when  on  military service.  __ |{(> js Jn f_i(;L a j.Jn(j oJ, rural Dr gaa_  Atidaciou.'3 espionage carried on by.grado, and if blood-letting and th������  the Germans has caused tho staff ol'i "imnja" (vapor bath) do not help then  the allies to deal severely with all i u,e patient must die���������for "such is lh������  strangers   found     within     the   lines. J wl-ji 0r God."  When  two    curious    Irishmen,    whoj ^__  were arrested  recently,  had    proved!  their  identity to  the satisfaction    of j T"e Portuguese Army  (he oiTlcers they were asked to go to | ���������    Portugal   has   a   standing   army   of  tho headquarters,   where   an autonio-' ::o,<)00, a first reserve of 90,000 and a  bile was   drawn up with two officers, < second reserve of 140,000, known as  apparently    French,    occupying    the I territorials.    All    males  between    17  front,  seat.    Behind   them   were   two! and 45 years of ago are liable to b������  supposed gendarmes with a monacled ' called out.  civilian between tlieni;   The   staff of-}     The Portuguese navy   is negligible,  fleer said: "This is the reason for our  severity. These five men are German  officers who wore captured today near  the firing lines."  A King Among Kings  There should be a demand I'm several millions of photographs of King  Albert of Belgium, in Canada. And  the,, legend inscribed on suHi .should  be "Here is a King among Kir.gs."���������  Montreal Mail.  the most recent vessel being built  nine years ago. The largest of th������  cruisers Is of 4,100 tonnage only, and  the remainder of the fleet is made up  of two small gun vessels and a .������jo-.  called battleship built in 1878, with a  tonnage of 2,971.'.  "Is lie a man of his word?"  ''I don't believe so.    He's a man of  too     many     words."���������-Detroit    Fre������  press.  un THE    iSUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B. C.  ���������  OF THE CITI  had   sued    the   company   for S90U ' meeting of the executive of the Pro  damage's   said to   be   called   to her . vincial Fruit .Growers' association,  property   and.1 Iruit. ��������� trew^ by acid  fumes from the smelter smoke   dur-  , Hon W. J. Bowser, attorney-  general, and Hon. "W..R. Ross, minister of lands and works, will visit  Grand'-Forks on Monday, December  14, according to advises from Victoria. It is stated'that the needs of  this portiou of the province are to he  studied preparatory to the drawing  up of the program for the coming  session. The ministers will explain  at a public meeting the situation  which confronts the province. The  attorney-general has macls arrangements, it is said, vvilh Peter Ve.rpgin  to meet the Dnukbobnrs, and he  will look into the question of compliance with the laws of British Columbia.  ing the past summer.  The Pythien Sisterd held a social  evening on Wednesday. Progressive  wbist and dancing furnished the  amu-'ement for those presrut.  The curlers, are busy flooding  their rinks. They expect to have  ice rendp for the roarin' game in a  day or two  Walter-R. Dewdney, government  agent at Greenwood, and J R. Jack-  sou, of Midway, M.P.P. for Greenwood, were in the city on Monday  to attend the funeral of the late  Colin Campbell.  The first attempt of the season to  flood the .skating rink was made on  Tuesday. The present indieations  are that tbe ska ting season may  upon a few weeks earlier this winter  than in former years.  A Victoria dispatch says that the  Very Rev Dean A. J. Doull, of the  diocese of Columbia, has accepted  the office of bishop of Knot'enay, to  which he was elected a week ago  He expects to take over the dude's  of his see next February.  J.  city  A. MuDnmild returned  to   the  on    Tuesday   after    a     three  Clothes-line thieves are said to be  operating in certain, portions of the  city.. They are as big misfits in this  section of the rountrv as the articles  tb"V. filch ate linhle to. prove.  Gns Lindlev returned this week  from Curlew, whore he has been  spending the past three  months.  H. TT. Spink������ returned to the, city  on Mondav from the roast,where he  has heen spending; the summer  months.-  Private. Nichols  returned  to  city from Montreal on Monday.,  months' visit w uh'relatives  in  roniu and Quebi c l ���������    .  To-  Mrs. Eva Cross lost against the  Conslidated Mining & Smelting  ompany when Judge Brown in the  county court at Rossland on Friday  A   dance   was   given-in the Davis  hall on Saturday night  in   honor ot  W.   A    Williams,   manager-   of -thr  Gsanny      smelter.      All . his   local  friends were present.  Jamss R >ok-> tuft on Siturday for  last decided she had no   case.    She   Victorii,    wrurH    hr;    will   attend a  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my   old  stand on Bridge -street and will manufacture  lMew nam ess haraess repail.in^ A11    .  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  Frechette  BMJyJ -���������  Here We Are!  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  mm^.  , .93LBS  ROBIN- HOOD/  Robin Hood Flour  a  tt  Oats  ft  tt  Porrioge Oats  <t  it  Ferina  tt  tt  Graham  ((  tt  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale b^)  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Real Estate Investments  and Business Sites  Insurance in  o411 Its Branches  , Boundary^ Trust (3&  Investment Co., Ltd.  Established 1901 -   First Street  St raved   nr   Stolen���������14- years old  calf; red, with white sp.ote;- branded  B on left hin; indistinct cut close to-  head.' Also '2^- years old sb'v; black  white   in   head.     Any  information  leading to the recovery of the=e" an <  ^mals will hp rewarded by nntifvine  Morris    Rlhot   or "l    Prudhomme  Hardy mountain"    -  Death of Colin Campbell  Colin   Campbell, who   has heen a  resident of Grand Forks since 1896.  died in this city on Saturday morn- ���������  ing  at  9   o'clock, at   the age of 59 !  years, after a prolonged illness.   For1  a vear past he had been  an, p-itientj  "offerer   from    cancer  of the throat'  "and    Bright's   disease.     The   latter  maladv is said to have bpen the immediate cause- of his death.  Mr. Campbell.was aboikkcp.r  and an" accountant'of great ability,  and for a. number of years he'' occupied the position of auditor of the  city of Grand Forks. Er'viou- to  coming here he held a respnnsih'e  positiod in-thc-auditing department  of the Northern Pacific railway, where  George W. Wooster, now treasurer  of the Granby company, was one of  his co-workers He was also connected with one of the Spokane  banks for a short time. He was a  single man, and leaves no relatives  in this section of the countjy.  The funeral, . which was ���������very  largely attended by the old timers  and citizens generally, was held at  2 o'clock on Monday afternoon from  Cooper's undertaking parlors. Rev.  ,P. C. Havman, of Holy Trinity  church, rejrd the hnrinl service.  The pallbearers were S R Almond,  R. R. Gilpin, E Spraggett, -John  McLaren and W. S. Jones, of this  city, and W. R. Dewdney, of Greenwood. Interment was in the old-  timers' plot in  Evergreen   cemetery.  About the only-difference in ba  hies is the. difference-in theii moth  ers' personal opinions.  Take your repairs to Armson, slue  repiiirer.    The  Hub     .Look   for tl e  Big Boot.  j.0 CENT '"JASwiESTS"  IF BILIOUS OR COSTIVE  For  Sick" Headache,   Sour   Stomach,  Sluggish Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you sleep.  Furred Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches come from a torpid liver and  clogged bowels, which cause your  stomach to become filled with undigested food, which sours and ferments  like garbage in a swill barrel. That's  tho first step to untold misery���������indigestion, foul gases, bad breath, yellow  skin, mental fears, everything that is  horrible and nauseating. A Cascarot  to-night will give your constipated  bowels a thorough cleansing and  straighten .you out by morning. They  work while you sleep���������a 10-cent box  from your druggist will keep you feeling good for months.  <I When in need of an odd piece of Furniture for any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.  <1 We carry the 'most up-to-date stock of  Houses Furnishings in the 'Boundary; and  you are assured of the same careful "consideration at our store if your purchase'  is small as you would receive if .-you were  buying a large order.  <I We would like to call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering Department. Our stock is new and up-to-date  -and the range of patterns and designs is  second to none.  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  Highest cash prices paid for . old  Stoves and Ranges. E.G. Peckham,  Second hand Store.  -- Accept no substitutes,.but. get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  p city and district first.  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a your paper printed in the  Boundary. This is tho reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  CO.D.  If.tho Cash on-DoIivcry System is in uso in your country,,then you noeil not  Hutid 101- for either two Kings you select, and pay balance when you receivutho  IUnKs. MASTERS,  LTD.,  RYE, ENG.  u WMnamammtmau uumaMmmmuimumm  VHffiRfflHUBBHBIDaBSSB&ISBffiBHm  SSBSSffiSSSBSSWE!  '"���������WMiWTtnu'ir"i iuiiiiiiiiiiihiii miin ihn n'imi*r������

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