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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Aug 25, 1916

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 *t:S.Wi-ri'::������H!'.H������;:'  1 2  *--'sir'-- - *s *   '  *'u- -j*V ,������-  -���������������-  ��������� .*  I'SSk-j.-'    -  -    ������'��������� * _    _  -���������<' ���������:���������*���������-.������������������ -  ?���������   -  ���������    Legislative Library  v --m  \C  *���������?.  '���������������>. V.'  ���������#  ?#  Kettle Vallev  Orchardist  K~     -  fifteenth: year���������no. sdj'V  GRAND FORKS' B. C, FRIDAY, AUGUST 25,  1916  -'Sl.00 PER YEAR  l'i  '���������*";"'.*_''.  lA-V -.  *������  >,Y  ��������������� * i'  ' VY.  *   +  ,*i  . ** >���������  r  distribution   of   Prizes- to  :��������� -.Successful Candidates,  INew Teachers.  their line-*, hut at no inconsiderable  expense, they are protecting them '  on their rights of way. One railway-  line was diverted from its originally |  planned route to save two hundred  maple tree?. Considerable ^attention and much favorable comment  h������s been bestowed upon this considerate notion of tbe railway corporation.  v^oY^'V^''.'.^0-113 the Hi_h and Public schools  %^^^YJyv^11 rp������P.en ������-n Monday, August 28.  C^YC^Y '.Beginners  at   the   Public School  ^"KS3/~wS������*re six J'ear3 ()f aSe vvi]1 be tld'  '^*3;r^HEmitted at any time   up   to Septem-  l^s:-^'-* b"?r������.lltni but not after that date.  ������;>^Cvv^,VY,Qn the-morning of the first day at  ,-*i.th.e,PnbIic School   the   honor  .rolls  'Yand^certificates' will   be handed to  .Uher'successful    pupils.    This   will  :,"J;P'trtke   place   on   the    lawn, and the  :S'r''"c/->--'Py������hc are cordially   invited   to   at  tf������ *,-&���������_ Vv    , ������������������ sT - wOUtl.  \P^WrU^':--J^^e nevv teachers for the   ensuing  0$K$h$?M?��������� are:  '^H-|1������5������-?PubIic School���������A. M. Crawford,  ���������B^f\^Hr::r,ak?*?1'sta.nt principal, and Misses Mar-  LQ|^|]'Varet Hodge and Pearl Green, who  \T??:Jq'������&T������:fekB the rooms vacated by Misses  j^g^;;::Cim*ieand Cox.  ^^fg^^High School���������Principal, S. R  '^^���������'i'V^^Stephens; assistant principal, An-:  Zi.ii'^'.^1"^    ,'������t*^* -  1 ���������Ci-".fV<'L' '<"-- T '*r3-riprani-i  Y/.J-  nie  ;<;^,i^XrJiAIl nevv pupils must   obtain   cer  health   from the school  I*i\.-.?������ij'-;"tificate   of  I >������jC^SJ^bi'ea 1th -ins  nspectori-Dr-' Triiax,' before  ^g^Resoiiitiloh Adopted Re  ^^?^y:; -        Sabbath Observance  '^^ivM^TiB^PL11^00 adopted, and carried  --i.l;^>v*^^5i1"���������^lil|-v'a;t the Koolenay "Pres-  B'^H:Y^ytery,vheld .aCNelson;; 'August 23:  '���������'Y"V , '"Y '-The Presbytery of Kootenay views  ||^^^.wjth;alai;m the prevailing and in-  [|||^;5|ig^easing desecration of tlie Sabbath  $0$?02^y: various forn s of labor and amuse-  ^i5v;?Y = went. wbicb eminent judges of  Ythese matters consider could be  : dispensed with, and which are in  J"xlirect violation of the Lord's Day  .Act and at the same time productive of much gripvous evil. The  "Presbytery would respectfully and  most earnestly urge the duty incumbent on the Christian people to  guard and defend the institution of  the.Sabbath rest, which we have received as a sacred, trust from our  'fathers,-and'which at tha s-utie time  ban been productive of countless  blessings to our nation.  M. D. McKeis,  Chairman of Committee.  Every Farm Should Have  A bouse which is adequate to the  needs of the family and equal to  any house in the community as a  home,, if not a house.  A barn that looks pretty good to  the neighbors who pass by and feels  preety good to the stock that pass  into it.  A few shade trees that hide some  of tbe hot sun and hard winds, but  none of the be-iuty of the place.  A cow that is worth her weight in  butter and is not for sale.  A bunch of bens which do   a  lot  of cackling aud laying and tbe   rest  of the time are scratching for them  selves and their owner.  A dog that will bark at strangers  and sometimes at the moon, and  will wag bis tail when the neighbor  comes up-the walk.  A well that never runs dry, a  family horse that -never runs shy,  and a bill at the grocer's which is  never allowed to run high.,  A garden which has something  growing in it all the,year..round .besides weeds.  r A- paid-up  subscription   to   The  Sun.  Members of Board of Trade  -   Now'Busy Making Collection for Display  TherGrand Forks board of trade  will make an exhibit of fruits and  vegetables at the Spokane Interstate fair, aud members of that organization are-now busily .engaged  in making collections for the display.  the manager of the local plant, Mr.  McGonnell. Mr. Graham left for  the Okanagan country  on Monday.  John Simpson, late principal of  toe Streetsville, Ont., high school,  returned to the city this week, after  spending a portion of Mb vacation  in the coast ��������� cities. Mr. Simpson  owns a ten acre orchard on the old  New by ranch, west ol the city.  E E W. Mills went to Danville  on Saturday to identify tbe wheel  which was stolen from him recently  while it was standing in front of A.  D. Morrison's store. It had changed  hands two or three times since its  disappearance from the city. On  Monday B. Quinn went to Republic  to identify the wheels stolen from  Messrs. Mann, Woodland and Lar-  sen a few weess ago. The four  wheels are now at Danville, and  they will be brought to the city as  soon, as the customs regulations  have been complied with. The police'say they are on the track of the  thieves.who stole them.  E. F. Laws, manager of the newly  organized Grand Forks Co-operative  Fruitgrowers' association, left today  for Penticton to confer with the  president of the Okanagan Fruitgrowers' association, through which  organization the local association  will market this year's fruit crop of  the valley. Mr. Laws was accompanied by J. A. McCallum, H. W.  Collins and Stanley Hull.  Mill's FIRST  OPPER REFINERY  Is Now in Successful Operation at Trail���������Capacity  of Ten Tons Daily  Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Griffin returned from Rochester, Minn.,  where Mrs. Griffin underwent a  successful surgical operation at the  Mayo Bios, hospital.  ; It  is.reported -that next   month  the Great Northern-will   begin   running through * trains   between   Spo  kane and Vancouver via   the  Hope  cut-ofi".  The Sun office is now too far removed from the down-town district  to hear the hourly chimes of the  post office clock, and in future we  shall have to depend on our friends  to remind us of the fact that we are  growing older each hour we live.  Z. A. Wright will leave tomorrow  for Soap Lake, Wash., where be  will endeavor to get rid of a bad  case of rheumatism.  The Libeial association has  opened committee rooms in the  Mcintosh building on First street.  I.   G.   Irving   and   family have  moved to Hope, B. C.  Save the Trees  That the shade tree increases   the  value of property,   and   adds much  to the   beauty   of   surroundings   is  being more and   more  appreciated.  Municipal corporations are   encouraging   the   planting    of    trees   in  greater numbers,  as   well   as   protecting   those   they   already   have.  Many estimates have been made  as  to the aotual cash value of   a grow  ing shade tree, but all concede   that  .its   aesthetic   greatly   exceeds    its  monetary value.    In  the transfer of  real   estate,    a   favorably   silfiated  shade tree will enhance the value of  the property out of all proportion to  the intrinsic value of the tree. From  a   financial   standpoint,    therefore,  the shade trees should be protected.  Several railways are giving  care^  ful attention to the trees.-  Not only  are they protecting by  special   pa-  Capt. S. (jr. Kirk, of the Indepen  dent Company of Rifles, general recruiting   ollijer for   the    Boundary  district, visited^reemvood last Fri  day. .  John Lindsay, Edwin Potts, W.  H. C. Bryant, Duncan Murray, of  Greenwood, and Benjamin Block-  sage and Duncan Buchanan, of  B'jtmdury Falls, have enlisted with  the army medical corps.  The truck which went over the  dump at the rock slide on the North  Fork road has been raised and repaired, and ore hauling from the  Union mine to Lynch Creek will be  resumed in a few days.  A large number of soldiers at the  Vernon camp haveYbeeu-given a  month's leave to work in ,the harvest fields. Most bf them 'have  gone to t!'e prairie provinces/ but a  lew are workiug for ranchers in this  valley.  Presbyterian serviced next Sab  bath, August _7: At 11 a.m. Rev.  R. P. MacKay, D. D , of Toronto,  one of the eminent divines of the  Presbyterian church in Canada, will  preach. At 7:30 p.m. the paster  will preach. You are cordially invited to these services.  Mrs. M. Dixon, of Lethbridge,  wbo has. been visiting her sister,  Mrs. E. E. W. Mills, for a couple of  weeks, left yesterday morning for  Spokane.  J. E. Thompson, Liberal candi  date for this riding, spent Sunday  at Franklin. J. A. McCallum and  Frank Coryell accompanied him on  his trip to the camp.  Tim Townend, of   Bannock   City,  was in the-city this week.  Mr. Strutzel, accountant for the  Granby company at Phoenix, hail  an auto accident at Danville on  Satiuday, his car capsizing in a  ditch. Mr. Strutzel was slightly  bruised Tbe car was not very badly  damaged.  It is reported from   Cascade   that  a large-mineral mineral vein was re  cently discovered by Ralph Wolver  ton   in   the. canyon   of the   Kettle  river a few hundred feet  above   the  electric power plant. The canyon at  this  place   is -10U feet deep.    The  vein .is exposed   the   whole   depth  and  shows   to   be   about   100 feet  wide? A tunnel twelve feet long has  been run and a considerable amount  of ore containing copper,   gold   and  silver   has   been   extracted,   assays  running from   $10  to   S30.    Other  claims   have   been   located   in th^  same district.  Life in political circles in the city  during the week has been com para  tively quiet. Not a single meeting  has bpen held. During the n<-xt two  weeks, _ however, the chances are  that our political reporter will not  g"t off so ea.������ily.  The first pure copper���������known to  the metal trade as eleetrolytic copper���������made"in the Dominion of Canada, was turned out yesterday in  the new copper refinery of the Consolidated company in Trail, sa}s  the Trail News of the 18th inst.  The electric current was switched on  to some of the tanks containing the  copper anodes, and the pure metal,  the gold and silver values being left  in the slimes, was the result.  From this"time on tbe plant, under Superintendent John F. Miller,  will gradually be gotten into commercial working order and in a  short time should be producing the  red metal in good shape, eventually  at the rate of about ten tons of copper daily���������not a large output of  itself in the copper world, but the  only place in Canada where tt has  as yet been achieved.  In the new electrolytic copper refinery of the Consolidated company,  located near the lead   refinery���������also  tbe only one in Canada���������and across  the railway track from the  zinc  refinery, likewise the only one in   the  Dominion���������there' are 96 of  the- requisite electrolyic tanks    In each of  ihese   tanks   is   placed   22 copper  anodes,  being   the   blister   copper  moulded into that form   after being  taken from the,-converters,'" together  with _3 cathodes, which   are  nothing more or less than lead sheets. In  these tanks is a solution of sulphuric  acid and copper   sulphate,    both of  which ore Consolidated   company's  by products.  The building itself���������constructed  of steel and other fire proof materials, like all the recent structures ofthe company, is about 50x100 feet  in size. In a separate buildintr the  sheets of pure copper will be-melted  into merchantable form and shipped  to market, and the gold and silver  values will be taken from the  slimes.  School Inspector A. E. Miller, of  Revelstoke, was in town this week  examining Miss Kathleen O'Con  nor for entrance. She was unable  to write at the recent examination  E. A. Savage has   returned   from ! owing to an outbreak of measles   in  The Granby company is shipping  ore from Gibson island to Anyox A  large wharf is to be built on the  island and the force of men at thp  mine increased.  ME1EQR0L0GICAL  his North Fork mining properties  the family.  The   Conservatives   have   opened  Hon. Ernest Miller addressed the  electors of Cascade on Saturday ; committee rooms in the building  evening. The meeting is reported formerly occupied by tbe Hub Cigar  to have been very well attended.       j factory on Second street.  The Rock Creek fall fair  held on October 22.  fill   be      ^ev- M- D- McIOe returned   yes  Ijterday afternoon from Nelson,where  . he attended a meeting of  tho   Pres-  Twenty tons of spelter are marie  daily in Trail, and this output will  be gradually increased to GO tons.  This spelter is among the pure.-it  made in America.  Tbe following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on 10. F. Laws'ranch:  Min  Aug. 16���������Friday   ]'.)���������Saturday   ....  20���������Sunday   21���������Monday   2_���������Tuesday   2o���������Wednesday .. -Ii)  21 ���������Thursday  59  ���������l������  -12  ���������17  ���������12  ���������10  Rainfall   Max.  01  71  71  .S">  ���������S.'!  9::  91  I ache*  . 0.21  Mrs. Emil Larsen.left  this'- week   bytery of Kootenay.  for a visit to Halcyon.  trols and otherwise the forests along coast cities this week  !     J. W. Graham, of Ontario, mana-  'Dr. C. M. Kingston made a busi-'ger  of   the    Graham    Evaporating  noHS trip to   Vancouver   and   other' company,   arrived   in   the  citv ori  Sunday, and had a conference   will  The Lr.iirier mine, one mile below the Boundary line, employs  seventeen men, and there is now  great, interest and activity in ruining matters in that district.  ft   is said   that  the  Granby and  Trail srneltem are looking!for   prop-  1   <-rfi".s around  Princeton.  Two drummer--, having a fen-  hours' lay-over 11 a small town, decided to dine at the village hotel.  On looking over the bill of fare they  noted that young fryers were special  for that meal. One of them turned  to the pretty waitress and askfd:  "How's the chicken?''  "Oh, I'm all  right/' -1m,- \ hn-ln  "How are you?"  mi  Quite a number of mining claim-'  are Uit g d( vc lop*d   around   Khoit.  " !UdH^jgg^fW^1B&1_J_������__������U- ��������� b,i������.AiiWj.\t^t.jf*. ���������.a.  mk^waib-rwicts  KHE   SUN.   GEAND   FOIIKS*   B. &���������  -���������S  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLTO  Zeppelins Prove  A Boomerang  Why  They   Have   Done   the   Germans  More Harm Than Good  Comparison of the aerial defences  ol 'I?aris with those of London to (.lie  detriment of the latter have followed  every  successful  Zeppelin  raid  upon  Food For Soldiers  The   Favorite   Dishes   of   the   Various  Allied  Soldiers <  One of ihe greatest problems which  confront the military leaders of "tlie  different countries is to supply the  soldiers with adequate satisfying food.  Xapoleoi'i spoke truly when lie said  that armies fight on their bellies. The  British  commissariat, has  had   many  Where are tlie Old Ladies  For the Big Drive  I How  the   Old   Ladies  of   the   Present; Hold  the  Foe    Off and.   Prepare  For  the Imperial'metropolis.   Critics have?         ,        ,  pointedio the immunity of Paris problems to solve.    Men  well  fed at  proof of the incompetence of the Brit  ish, air service and of tho inadequacy  of defence provisions by the War Of-  iiee. The reason for the apparent  superiority of the French authorities  in the defence of their capital was,  however, stated in an interview given rsoup made of pork, oatmeal, potatoes   and cabbage, boiled together with salt  and other seasoning. The French .sol-  nvai in NY-.w York to purchase aero-! dier. also consumes vast quantities of  nautical supplies for his Government, j what ho calls "soup," although in  '.'London is as well off as far as equipment goes to ward off Zeppelin raids  .-���������s Paris," he said. '"The reason that  tliev are made on Eriglinid instead of  home have to he well fed al the front.  The English soldier must have his  jam and marmalade as well as beef.  ���������"��������� The Russian soldier presents an  easier -problem.' .'Ml he asks is plenty  of "slchec," a sort of gruel or thick  Age   Have   Become  Transformed  Someone was saying the other day  (and she won't mind 'seeing her idea  here) that the .elderly woman of today  is sowing her wild oats and having I lie  protracted good time of her life. Obviously from the time a woman is  married her years-arc'filled with cares  arid responsibilities, until- finally the  children grow up, marry, leave home,  and, husband having developed tlie  poise and content of the usual clder-  a Knockout  ' To whichever part of (he European  fronts we look the most remarkable  fact is still the refusal of the allied  commands to be provoked into a premature offensive." Evidently the British have only to be.'unlonsfied on the  west and the Crown Prince's effort  must be arrested; so, too, the Austrians can be concentrated up.on the  Trentino because no special pressure  is being put upon them in the east and  ly person, she finds to her amazement' southeast. There can only be one  that she  is free.      Then  comes    the i rational, interpretation of these facts,  on Paris is that to make a successful  raid on the French capital and re-  1urn safely, they must cross the firing  lines twice. Paris also can get an  r������dequate- warning. In attacks on London, on the other hand, the Zeppelins j  Vi'ivn nri ������������������firinrr   linp-!   In   cross   ,'Uld  reality it is a thick and nourishing  slew, ina.de of in flat, potatoes, and  various other  vegetables.  Italian soldiers demand their regular supply of macaroni and spaghetti,  and eat little, meat. Their diet consists-" largely of farinaceous foods,  fruits and wine, the latter being issued  as part of their regular rations. Tlie  German soldiers get their meat rations  period of wild oats. She keeps a date  book, -goes' to clubs,' has a place on  boards of tilings, travels on the federation special across continent, as  likely as not, lives at hotels.; sends her  own telegrams, orders taxis, ot reals  other women to luncheons and dinners, makes speeches, votes if she has  a'chance., legislates, uplifts and keeps  a telephone on her desk. These arc  only a few. If she is not interested  in this sort of thing you will discover  her tucked away in the back seat of  a touring car, where she is not the  least trouble in the world, cand is always under all circumstances, a per-  and  in France the army and civilian  Rural Credits  British Columbia Adopts.the New Zea-  Land Rural Credits System  British Columbia has -adopted the  ]\Tew Zealand system of. government  loans to farmers. Four years ago  the British Columbia government sent  a royal commission to Australia and  New Zealand lb investigate the- rural  credit systems in, operation in those  dominions. The report brought in by  the commission was very "favorable  and the government secured the en-,  actment of legislation . to make it'  effective. Under the new Agricultural  Credits Act the government has borrowed $1,000,000 at 5.G3 per cent, and  public realize it so well, that they bear | will re-loan this money to the farmers  ho strain without a whisper of com  plaint. The allies have now a. definite  ascendancy and at any moment they  can reduce the enemy to a defensive'  on any., and every side-, but the autumn offensives in the Champagne  and Artois taught their authors many  lhings.: They effected more in a few  clays than the Crown Prince won on  the Meuse; in three months.' Here'is  the measure of the difference of  strength today.  ���������The German command undertook the  battle of Verdun because it could not  nave no firing--lines to cross and can j largely in the form of sausage.    Give  descend upon the English city without ja Teuton plenty-of sausage with beer  warning.  Tn the. Prince's opinion, the Zeppelins have done the German cause more  harm than good" and he sums up their  efforts in a few brief but pointed sen-  lences: "'The Zeppelins, as an engine  of war, have acted as a boomerang  for these reasons: They have aroused  England to a high pitch of patriotism  in quicker time than would otherwise  have been possible; they have meant  :m .enormous cost, they have, obtained  no 'military results; and they have  aroused the disgust of the neutral na-^  lions.   Tiie Germans argue that their j times  with   a  little   mutton  or   goat  Zeppelin raids are a part of their mill-  flesh addrd. On this regimen a Turco  to wash it down  and he is perfectly  content.  The British fighters from India demand a menu entirely different from  that of the Tommies, and the Turcos  of the French army are also peculiar  in. their tastes. The food most favored by the colored Algerian soldiery  is "cous-cous," or boiled semolina,  made of the large hard grains retained in the bolting .machine after the  fine flour has passed through it. The  semolina is served .either plain, or  with the addition of vegetables, some-  la ry offensive. If this is so, why don't  1.1 io Zeppelins fly over the firing/lines  and drop bombs on the soldiers, instead of flying over cities far afield  j-.nd dropping bombs on women and  children."  More Wood Pulp Mills  will march ���������farther and carry a heavier  load with less fatigue than any other  soldier of anv nation.  Sign of a Good German  A visitor to a British trench-throws'  feetly  splendid  credential  of respect-j contemplate  a   larger  operation,   and  ability.    Two generations ago  women J it is now so deepiy involved  that it  of her age were senile, and sat in the  chimney corner where they would be  out of the way. But the chimney  Corner went out of architecture, and  she was just as naturally uprooted.  There are fewer old, ladies' homes  than there promised to be. Not-while  grandmother can wear her granddaughters' shoes and hats and .sashes  and beads is she going to an old  ladies' home. A generation ago there  promised to be a call for an old ladies'  home in every block. It's wonderful  how we old ladies have become transformed, and fairly forced another issue. Of course, we are -sowing our  _wild oats. We have made a place for  ourselves. Hurrah ! Really there are  no old ladies. Ask the milliner!���������  Women's Clubs Magazine.  For Campers  The spot.where your tent is to stand  should be open.    Have it as close to  Canadian   Wood   Pulp   Will   be   Used  to Supply the  Empire  some light upon the chivalry of llielthe woods as vou wish, but so that the  British soldier, and, incidentally, up- i sun will shine on your tent. Sunlight  on the Immunity ot wme Germans--! is the healthiest thing in  tlie world.  It is the best disinfectant. If'yOu  pitch your tent under the thick trees,  there "will   alwavs   be  an   unhealthy  cannot draw out. The allies, on the  other hand, are so bent upon a vastly  larger operation, which they hope will  be decisive, that they prefer to risk  local and momentary losses rather  than postpone the day when they will  be.fully ready to deliver in common  their knockout blow. It would, therefore, be unfair to General Joffrc and  the General's officers and men directly  concerned to regard the. struggle north  of Verdun as a fair,trial .of'.strength'.  Vast as arc its proportions and the  sacrifices involved, it. is over-shadowed  by a coming event incomparably  greater. Enemy strategy, whether on  the Meuse or the Adige, is to destroy  this menace. It is at once the weakness and .strensrlh of the allies that  while putting forth at these points just  a sufficient defensive effort they"must  never compromise the supremely important work of preparation.���������London  Chronicle.  throughout the Pacific province. It  is expected that the cost of this money  to the farmers will be about one par  cent, over what the government had  to pay for it, but even ihis rate ol  six and a half per cent, will be com  sidevably lower than the averaco now-  being paid by farmers ..in British  Columbia or in the Prairie Provinces.  A report from Victoria, B. C, says  .that the government expects to loan  ^6,000,000 or .$'7,000,000 to fanners during the. coming year under the j\ew.  Zealand system.���������The .Grain. Growers'.  Guide. ; ���������-���������'���������.  j one   in   particular.   "I. was   standing  } in a front trench  alongside a. soldier  I whose business it was to observe the  Some  months  ago,   when  the   re-la-   German   lines,   which   we   could  see  tionship between Great Britain and  ���������Sweden was somewhat strained owing  to the effect of. German influence in  the press and the seizure by the British war ships of vessels suspecteclof  carrving  contraband    from    Swedish  with singular clearness, and especially to report to various killing units  the. appearance of any enemy seen in  the open.  '"'But we don't always fire at them,"  lie   explained,   and,   pointing   to ��������� Hip  ports to the enemy, the Government corner of a field, said: "I saw a Ger-  of Sweden, as a, reprisal, forbade the! man crossing Here yesterday as cool  export of pulp to Great Britain'. That j as  a  cucumber;  but  he   was   a  good  action resulted in an immediate rise  in the price of pulp sulphite, curtailment in the. size of newspapers in  Gjeal Britain, and a situation that  gave a measure of anxiety to the  paper mills, whose stocks were not  large.  Canada was appealed to. But her  transportation service was so handicapped, and her own supplies so restricted, that shipments on a large  scale could not be considered. The  price of pulp in the meantime continued to mount up till they were five  limes dearer than when war 'broke  ������.ut.  Information to hand from London  is to the effect that "the embargo put  upon pulp from Sweden is virtually  j ������������������moved, but that it is too late for  ���������Sweden to regain life trade that she  lo-t by her action. Considerable pro-  irivK:-, has- been made with arrangements for the establishment in Canada, of a huge mill for the production  oi! sulphite pulp and it is expected  that it. will not be necessary to import  much pulp from Sweden after tlu*  war  fellow, and so I did nothing."  It puzzled me not a little to know-  how* he distinguished a good fellow  from a bad at 800 to 1,000 yards; and,  anyway, how he came to regard liny  Boche as a friend and a brother. But  the soldier, ������whose speech betrayed  him as a member of one of those good  old Englishj county regiments which  have fought .with unvarying stoutness  gave quite a simple explanation. He  knew the Boche to be a good fellow���������  "because he. stooped down and patted  a doff."  dampness, and mosquitoes will flock-  in. Then, too, in thunder-storms there  is less danger iu the open than under  trees. The all-important reason, however, for pitching, your tent in the  open is the matter of health  Villages V/ith no Fighting Men Left  A remarkable record of service in  connection with the war is held bv  the remote Scottish island of Lewis*.  Out of a population of- -28.C00, close  on 4,500 aro with the colors. In manv  villages not a man fit for military service is left. Already over 300 o'f the  islanders have given.-, iheir-lives, in  the war. The following letter, dated  Windsor  Castle,    Mav  10,   had  been  Oats of Barbed Steel  German Slim Trick to Kill.the Britis??  Horses  Barbed oats arc the instruments o{  offence invented by Germans. The  War Office has had to issue to responsible officers in charge of cavalry and  other mounted forces an order .that  every bushel of oats now must be examined carefully before it is used. It  has been discovered that same of the  sacks of oats purchased in the United  States contained little pieces of steel,  shaped like oats, and painted yellow.  These are barbed, and a horse thai--  swallowed one would have little  chance of life. The placing of the  barbed oafs in the food is .considered to bo the work of Germans who  have obtained employment in Amen-'  can granaries in order to..kill the  horses at 3,000 miles range.  Do not put up the tent in a hollow, received by Will.iam Grant, journalist,  Water will lodge under it with the I Storoway, fromLord Stamfordham,  first shower. Set it on a little knoll, j the King's private secretary:  All this holds good whether you use j .'I have received and laid before  an A-tent, wall-tent, lean-to. or any; the King the specially bound copv of  other sort of shelter. Once the tent j your 'Loyal Lewis' Roll of Honor,  is up in place, dig a drain around it 1 which you have been good bnom-h to  exactly under the edge of the canvas,   " "   ' " a  so that all the water will run off the  tent into this drain and be carried  away."���������Peter Johnson, in the May  St. Nicholas.  Serb in Anglican  Pulpit  A   Serbian     priest.     Father   Xieolia  preaching   at  A Call to Horse Breeders  Not only has the wastage of' horses  by reason of the war been enormous  but in all the belligerent countries,  not omitting Great Britain, there, has  either been a partial stoppage or a  whole stoppage of breeding by reason  of the scarcity of labor, tlu; disturbed  conditions or entire devastation.  Whether the war lasts or ceases  there must continue an undiminished  demand for horses. When pence comes  tin;re will be a long period of replenishment. Then quality, as much and  even more, than rjuantity. will be required. Hence the evident call to  every Canadian [tinner is to breed, and  to breed to the best available.���������.lohii  National   Live  .Stock  Parcels for Wounded Soldiers  Nearly forty-nine thousand parcels  have been sent, to date, by the Canadian Red Cross to sick and wounded  Canadian soldiers in the various hospitals. The contents of these parcels  were not chosen at random, but were  according to each man's request.  A recent list includes notepaper,  toilet articles, mirrors, pipes, tobacco,  socks, soft boots, canvas shoes, stylo  pens, books, sweaters, khaki shirts,  underwear, ��������� fruit, flowers, puzzles,  mouth organs, playing cards, sweets.  "Comfort bags," as these parcels  havo become known, have achieved  such fame among the soldiers as to  cause sometimes an embarrassing demand. Most of the articles thus sent  out come in generous measure from  the Ked Cross branches in Canada.  forward through Mr. Ian MacPherson  for submission to. the King. '  "His Majesty wishes to express his  appreciation of the gallant service  rendered by the people of the island  of Lewis, at the same time sympathizing with the families of those who  ���������have given their lives in this terrible  war." X  A   Gallant and   Hardy   Breed  It is hardly necessary to qmphasizf  the dangerous character .of mine-  sweeping. Trawlers and drifters, being of moderate draught, have a certain advantage over ::n-avier ships, for'  they can often pass in safety above  i.iii:es which have neen laid .at a cer-  U 'u depth to catch deeper riding vie-*  tims... Ou the c 1' rr hand, -the��������� very  nature of iheir duty compels.them'to  spend most of their tiine in .mine-infested waters, and the appalling risks-  they run are too often brought home  Id up by the casualty lists. But'the  efafwhile fishermen who man these  boats are a gallant and hardy breed,  too inured to the vicissitudes of--wind  and weather ^o be -much - impressed  by the hidden'-'-and deadlier perils  that now lurk beneath -the giey  waters.���������'The Navy.  An item in the British and Colonia  Printer gives an idea of the extent  of the German paper famine. Shortage of paper is so severely felt, it runs,  that grocers, booksellers, drapers, etc.,  piint their invoices on old paper taken  from old circulars and old prospectuses which previously have been print-  now   unsaleable,   available   for  a  Velimivovic,   has   been   , _   ........  Ft.  Margaret's  WeMinin.-ter.    Russian!);*   ''rant,   Set  music   was  sung  by   the  choir   before ! '''-('"I'ds.  the   sermon.    The  church   was  quite ���������        ~~~~  full   half  an  hour  before  the   service When  Baldness Starts  began.     Taking  as   his  subject   ���������'The}     ft   has   been   discovered   that* if   a  Slav Orthodoxy," the preacher said lie. i person  is going to be bald in  middle  Yoked upon the Anglicanism as a truoj lite, or even in old age. the symptoms  n ligion   lived   by   tin*   people,   hut,   it j witl  appear  between  the  ages of  fif-  .���������-..��������������������������� 'ined   to  him   less   vivid,   less  coin-: teen   and   twenty-five.     Although   fhejond    use   arc     being    established  Celling,   and   less  national   than    the j hair may gradually become thinner as j Leipzig   and   Elberfield,':find   also  religion  of Ihe Jh.is.-ian  church.      lie ( one grows older, it will never entirely j Un- nmirliborhood of Merlin.  would   welcome  a  union   between  the. j disappear unless signs of its thinning "   churches which   would  bind the  Pus-1 become   manifest    before   the   age  of What Canada Offers  ���������dan  and  tin.-   British   races  in  a true | thirty-five years  brotherhood.  True   Diplomacy  True   diplomacy   is   to  get   all  can   with   as   much   courtesy   a.*  can. li'i/v.  1'ioyd Carpenter.  An Ice Mine  Probably the strangest mine in the  world is to be found in Pennsylvania.  It is an ice mine, which freezes in  summer and thaws in winter. It is  ���������10 feet deep and from 10 to 12 feet in  diameter, up which pours a peculiar  cold mist coming from openings found  all the way from ihe lop to the bottom. As soon as warm weather arrives frost appears on the walls of the  shaft and soon liny icicles form rapidly, until in .the warmest weather  huge icicles, often two feet thick,  reach from Ihe top to the bottom of  the mine. Geologists can offer no explanation. The owner built a shed  I over the mine, but had to tear it down  because as soon as the sun's rays were  cut off the ice melted. J la normal  thaw sets in in October.  '.Huns Fooling the Dutc-h  Revelations are --accumulating- tibou1}  the cunning character 81 the Gorman  intrigue to arouse feeling against-the  allies. Baron von Kuhlmajin, -the  notorious German publicity, agent, is  clearly indicated as the author'Of the  insidiously spread canard, now -fully  exposed, that the allies intended to  land troops in Holland. Some-of the  Dutch papers are pointing out "that  this palpable lie obscured the vital  issue about the torpedoing -of the  Dutch ships by the German submarines.  The Lord Mayor o' London will be*  come a vegetarian the day he gets  some one to cook vegetables properly.  Sir Charles Wakefield, an ex-mayor,  endorses the same determination. A  new vocation for cooks is looming up  in these limes.  The form, r Pacific Muil liner Nile  has been sold to a. Chinese syndicate  for   .1(730,000.    Shortly   after   the   out-  eu on  one side only.    Factories    for! break    of  the  war  it  was    taken  by  making old newspaper and old books, ; Great   Britain,   and   since   then   has  sec-  in  in  Settlers coming here from the United  States may rely upon finding cheaper  !        Bobby,    said  the   adym tho tube   ]imc,   ������������������,_,   ,0WJ,r    nation   iTian- tlioy  ;ra.lway. severely, why don't you get; ,mv0 al home, t0 sav notlli of ���������*  ; up and give your seat to your tatlier?; hel(e). ice ��������� <���������*, ������ - ]oJ-  ,J)oeMit .    pa... you to see bin. read.-1 fo[.   lhc\t   ,,������������������.,   -���������rtl(i(i   ������ht3a(.   b        ^  ,MH>&:  'V ::,7;;- ...,,   ������������������.., I?.*  ������!���������?  advantage .we secure   in    the  When Your Eyes Need Care  l'*������ Murine E.v/!SIcill������liiir.NoSiiiarlinp--Feds  Fine ���������Acta Quickly. Try it for Ht-ili Woalr,  More EjeB.-ind rjrauulaleil Kyclhla, iXiirlncia  ������'iirapoiin������le(i by oui-Oculists���������not a "Patent  Medicine"���������but uacd In am'v<v-sfiil Pl-y-iiri.itis'  J'rnclirc for many ycurs. N'uw dedi'vatrd to  tlie I'ubll<! and --old l).y JJi-iiifKlstH at Sue utr  liotlle. Murine K.vo Halve in A.������pptle Tulies.  :'';<��������� and Mc. Write for tjoiil- of the Eye Free.  Murine Eye Rotiiedy Company, Chicago. Adr.  W.  N.       U.       1113  "Xot in  a  train," said   1'obbv  British market owing to our superior  system of grading.���������Winnipeg Tele-  :iatn.  The  first   fruits  of the  conquest   of  the  German   t.'aineroon.s  reached  l.on-i   don   in   the   shape  of about  <|O0   Ions |     Teacher-Tommy,   what   is   the  dif-  l"H'u,L ^ i fereuce  between  angling and fishing?  .   e    .       ��������� j    Tommy���������Well,   the   rich   man   an-  A Syrian  Custom j ���������le3  .md   tho   poor   ���������,,,���������   rishl,Si_(!hi.  In Syria .-ky blue is the mourning i ca^o Herald.  color, indicative of the assurance that'j     "   ihe deceased lias gone to heaven. |    Women   are  now   employed   in  block-system   signal   service   for  "What  is  Jirn  doing  now?"  "Any-1 Lyon - Mediterranean  body he can come across " France.  railway  the  the  in  ���������been one of the most active merchant  ships aiding tho British navy. It  has seen service in all Oriental water?,  has carried troops from China to  India to France, and for several  months acted as a transport across  the English Channel.  First Stoker (weary)���������I'd like to find  the merchant 'oo invented boilers.  Second Stoker (also weary)���������Boilers,  he Mowed 1 I'm lookin'Tor the blighter  'oo found out that coal would hum.��������� '  Punch.  One defect of German diplomacy  seems to bo a foolish habit of letting  important papers lie around loose.���������  Charleston News and Courier.  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Arc still doing' duty in  the shape ol* )\  When u man begins to shout lha(.  he is just as good as anybody, jlnit  is one sign  that he, isn't.  Valuable deposits of coal have  discovered iu Nigeria.  been  Sixty-five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Juldy and;  since that lime, for  materials and striking:  qualities, Kddy's have  been the acknowledg-,.  ed best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's." iV*  THE   SUN,   .(GRAND'   FORKS, ��������� B. a  It bears the  Seal of Purity  All over the world the  name Sunlight stands  for purity in Soap. Our  $5,000 guarantee of  Purity is something  more than an advertisement. It marks tho  high standard we have  get for ourselves to give  you the best laundry  soap it is possible to  produce at any price.  What The Huns Would Do  to aid nature occasionally when your  Siver is sluggish, your stomach disordered or your bowels inactive. Let  this safe, mild, dependable remedy  regulate these organs and put them  ia a sound and healthy condition.  Lsrgett Sale of Any IVIed'cino in tho World,  Sold everywhere.    Ia boxes, 25 coaU.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big laundry  iills. Wash it with-soap and water. All  stores or direct. State style and size. For  35c. we- will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY  OF  CANADA, Limited  ������8 Frnser Aronue, Toronto, Ontario  A safe, rtliahle reirulating  medicine. Sold in three de^  Brees of strength. No. 1,  Jl; No. 2, $3; No. 3. $S  per box. Sold by all  dru-jg-ists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Fre������  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK MEDSeiME COJ  I0KSKIO.CHT. CfsnwiU -lute-j  Deafness Is;.Misery  Iknow because I was Deaf and had Head  Noises for over 30 ycarj. My invisible  Anti-septic Ear Drums restored my hearing and stopped Head Noises, and willdo  jit for you.   They are Tiny Megaphones.  (Cannot be seen when worn.   Easy  toput  in, easy to take out.   Are "Unseen Com-  forts."Inexpensive. Writcfor Booklet and  mysworuatntomcut of how I recovered  _J my hearing.     A. O. X.EONAUU  Sulte220 ISlSthAve.''- -  N.Y.Clty  LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED  by   Cultor's   Blackleg   Pills,     low--  priced, f reali,  rellahla; preferred hy  Wintorn stockmen lwcau.se tiisy protect    whoro    other    vaccines    fail.  Wrlto for booklet and testimonials.  IO-dc30 plcgo. Blackleg Pill] $1.00  50-doso pkgo. Blackly Pills   4.00  Uso any injector, but Cutter's beat..  S_������ ropertori'7 of Cutter products U dua to over lu  man et ipeclallzhij in vaccines and 3erum3 only.  laoltt on Cuttor's.    If unobtainable, order direct.  "THE   CUTTER   LABOi'ATORY,   Berksloy,   Call'nrnfa,  Germany's Idea of the Meaning oF the  Freedom of the Seas  The "freedom of the seas" that Ger-  many wants is freedom to paralyse  the sea-power of the maritime States,  and first of all the sea-power of England. That, as she well knows, was  the invincible obstacle to universal  over-lordshin against which Napoleon,  whe "was her oppressor, and is her  model," dashed himself in vain. Were  it removed from her - path by the  "reforms" she advocates in international law, she would be free to pursue her ideal well-nigh unchecked.  We know what that ideal is. We  have learnt it from her speakers and  writers, but most from her actions.  It is a German, domination in all  branches of human activity, founded  upon the brute force of a vast army  which is moved by an autocratic  government. Does any man fancy  that, if Germany had-the power upon  the. water "that she has in Belgium  or in l?oland, she would not iise it-  with the same unscrupulous ruthless-'  ness? Would there he fewer Lusitan-  las and fewer Sussexes when ������������������she was  strong than when, shcis weak?      ���������������������������.-..  She would bind herself, no' doubt,  by solemn treaties, but she would  keep them as she kept the solemn  treaties that pledged her lb defend  Belgian neutrality and the laws that  forbid, her to sink merchantmen at*  sight. That consideration alone must  constrain maritime 'nations, like  England; and America, to retain their  fleets. Did they foolishly reduce their  navies Germany -mightat any moment  tear up the new treaties consecrating  the."freedom; of.the seas" and destroy  their trade on that nlea of military  necessity which justifies all lawlessness and all wickedness in her eyes.���������  London Times  MADE  CANADA  'Most infants are infested by worms,  which cause great suffering, and if���������  not promptly dealt with may cause  constitutional weaknesses difficult to  remedy.' Miller's Worm Powders Will  clear the stomach and bowels of-worms  and will'-so. act; upon the system that  there' will be no recurrence of the  trouble. And not only; this, but they  will repair the injuries f* the organs  that worms cause and restore them  to soundness..  ''..'Pulling   "BismarcKs"   to   Pieces  The latest war auxiliary in Germany is tire de-copperising of statues  for the needs'of the arsenal. Much  adverse and unprintable comments  have been passed because, some corporations have laid violent hands upon Bismarck monuments. Replacing  copper with iron has been taken as  of ill omen. One paper went -as far  as to head an article^ against the  crime, 'Oh-for an hour of Bismarck.!"  A Pill That Lightens Life.���������To the  man who is a victim of indigestion  the transaction of business becomes  an added misery. Ke cannot concentrate his mind upon his tasks and loss  and vexation attend him. To such a  man Parmelee's Vegetable Pills offer  relief. A course of treatment, according to directions, will convince him  of their great excellence. They are  confidently recommended because they  will do all that is claimed for them.  Canada's Supply of 'Nickel  Rich   Deposits   in   Cobalt   District   of  Great  Value, to the   Empire  in Time of War  When the supply of nickel has become one of the foremost needs of the  Empire it is well to recapitulate the  resources that Canada holds of the  coveted metal.  .'The total production of matte at  Sudbury, Ont., in 1915 was G7,70o tons,  containing 39,216,165 pounds of copper  and G8,077,82.3. pounds of nickel, and  valued by. the producers at ������2,070,000.  The tonnage of ore smelted (part being previously roasted) was 1,272,283.  The production in 1914 was 46,396 tons  of matte, containing 23,896,825 pounds  of copper, and 45,517,937 pounds of  nickel, and valued at ������1,433,000.  The reported recovery of nickel  from the ores of the Cobalt district  was 55,325 pounds of metals, .and  200,032 pounds of nickel oxide. The  recovery in .1914 was S92;5'2 pounds  of nickel oxide. About GO per cent,  of the Canadian nickel production is  exported to the United States, and a  far larger quantity of nickel finds its  way to the United Kingdom through  United States refineries than is exported directly from Canada.  ' The Canadian Government have  an agreement from the U. S. smelters  under which there is a practical certainty that none of our nickel goes to  the enemy.  In a Zeppelin  What a   French  Officer Saw  in  Burning Wreckage  Among the interesting statements  gathered at Revigny by the correspondent of the "Petit Parisien" regarding  the end of the Zeppelin brought down  in flames by the French is that of an  inhabitant of the region whose evidence suggests that there was a woman on board the airship.  "1 was scarcely more than twenty  yards away among the people crowded  round the burning mass of the monster sky-raider," he said, "when I saw  a'French officer, whom I knew, scrutinizing through his fieldglass. a.particular heap of burning wreckage, the  flames of which lit up the night.  "He handed me the glasses, exclaiming, 'Look, there is no mistake,  about it, .a woman was with them.'  True enough, I could plainly see  through the glasses two slender feet  shot with higli-topped, high-heeled  fashionable boots. They were undoubtedly, the feet of a woman."     ,  *&iammis������88S2mmfm38������Bm5Em^i  1 he rlosf Comwrrabf&  Foofwear "rammer  6YALL  MEMBERS  OFTHE FAMILY  SOLO BY ALL GOO& SHOE DEALERS  Delicate Young Girls,  ;;Pale, Til  The Saturday Holiday  The beginnings of the Saturday  half-holiday might be traced to an  Old-time custom among Southern  planters. "On Saturday's," says Professor Sanford in "The Story of Agriculture," "for either the whole or a  part of the day, the slaves were released from field woik. In many cases  they used this time and Sundays in  which to earn money for themselves  by hiring out and doing odd jobs.  There were many instances in which  slaves purchased' their freedom and  that of their families with money  earned in this way."  There is no beauty in pallor, but  proof of plenty of weakness.. Exertion makes your heart flutter,. your  back and limbs ache, and you sadly  need something to put some ginger  into your system. Try Dr. Hamilton's  Pills; they make you feel alive, make,  you want to do things. They renew  and purify tho blood���������then come  strong nerves, rosy cheeks, laughing  eyes, robust good health. - You'll be  helped in a hundred ways by Dr.  Hamilton's Pills, which are an old  family remedy of great renown.  Thousands use no other medicine and I  never have a day's sickness of any  kind. Get a-25c. box today. Sold by  all dealers.  NO MEDICINE AS GOOD  FOR LITTLE ONES  Once a mother has used Baby's Own  Tablets for her little ones she will'use  nothing else: ; The first few doses  make her realize there, is nothing to  equal them in making baby well "and  keeping him well. Concerning them  Mrs. C. E. Stilwell, Winthrope, Sask.,  writes:���������"I have used Baby's Own Tablets for the past ton years and have  found them so good tor my little ones  that I always keep a box in the  house/" The Tablets are sold by modi-  cine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a  box from Tho Dr. WilHams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  Verdun  "It will, however, only be in restros-  pect, when the war is over, that We  can fully appreciate the part played  by the army of Verdun and its contribution to the general result. We  cannot yet be sure of the exact reason, or balance of reasons, for the  German choice. There were certainly  dynastic and economic, as well cas  military reasons. Tho many failures  of the German Crown Prince had to  be redeemed, and the idea that a  striking victory here would confirm  and extend Germany's hold upon the  mineral; basin of Lorraine, which is  essential to her iron and steel manufacturers, was probably not foreign  to the decision. Among military reasons, probably tlie stfohgest was that  France could be given a knock-out  blow, whereas another thrust , into  .'Russia would not be decisive,. even  if successful, and any success upon  the British front.in France/was highly  problematical."���������G. H. Ferris in London Chronicle.  rye new f������*ench rcmedy. am. n,2 n,3.  "'RAPIONi{S������M  great tuccesi, cures chronic u'eak.vess lost vigo*  k VIM, KIOS'CV. DLAUOEK. OlStiASfci. BLOOD POISON.  HLKS KITHE* Ho. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CVS  roUOIHA Co. SO. BEEKMAN Sr NEW VOKKor LYMAN BROS  iohonto write for free book to dr. le clerc  Mid Co.HaverstockUd. ha.mpstkad. lonuon.eno.  *RVN*������WDRAGEElTASTEr.KSS-FOKMOt-    easy TO  TAX8  , KjVfi    SAKE ANO  ' 8^    LASTING CURS.  )ES THAT TRADE   MARKED  WuiiD   ' TMKt'.APION - IS OS  9I11T.GOVT STAMP AFFIXI'.O TO ALL Gfc:iUINS PACKETS.  Feline   Agility  'A cat can turn completely ovor and  Jand on its paws in a  fall of fifteen  inches.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Diptheria.  The Sacred Bridge of Pekin, which  a few years ago, no one was permitted to tread upon except the Emperor,  is now freely used by the Chinese  pedestrian!*.  Minard's   Liniment Cures  Colds,   Etc.  Visitor���������But whatever induced you  4o take up safe-cracking for a living?  "Oh! T dunno, lady. I giit?ss I had  a natural gift for it."���������LiiV.  Waiter���������Yes. sir, omelettes has gone  up on account of the war.  i    Diner���������Great Scot!   Are they throwing eggs at each other?  Gloves  With   Fingers  It was in  the twelfth century that  gloves with separate fingers were first  worn.  . Safety First  In "Farm and Fireside" is an account of the simple method that  ought to be employed everywhere by  which a farmer saved his property:  "One pail of water standing at the  foot of a ladder leading to the haymow* saved our barn," we read.  "Lightning struck the barn, killing  two calves, then ran along to the top  of tho haymow. My husband grabbed  the pail and ran up the ladder in  time to put out the fire, but if he had  had to wait to draw that water it  would have been too late." So if full  protection' is not possible, don't neglect to keep a few pails of water  handy.  Lake Tanganyika, which has been  frequently mentioned of lafe in connection with General Smuts' campaign, is 2,700 feet above the sea. It  is about 400 miles long, indented by  capes so that steamers lake three  days to get from one end of the 400  miles to the other.  Jt v.-il] cJcan mor*  silverware iu lc=4  time, vrilh less ������.  pense, than auy  other preparntiou  made. "Ideal" is  not an eiectro-plat-  i:iff preparation!  removes nothing  but the dirt, lcav-  inc.the silvcnvnra  like 'new.' Put up  in eijrht aud eijrh-  teen-ounce bottles,  packed three doits  Ui case.  At;All Jewellers  If one bo troubled with corns and  warts, he will find in Holloway's  Corn Cure an application that will  entirely relieve suffering.  The Memory of the Dead  In several cities in Canada there  are monuments to local heroes who  fell in the South African war and generally a small bronze plate is^big  enough to contain the dozen or so  names. The monuments that will rise  when the present great war is ended  will be different in that respect The  casualty lists iu one encounter today  would cover the base of the largest  memorial now standing.  Customer (in barber's chair)���������So you  haven't, heard Von Thumper, the  famous pianist? Barber���������No. Them  long-haired fellers never patronize me  ���������why should I patronize them?���������Musical America  "I gorry, I'm tired!" "There you go!  You're tired!- Here I be a-standin'  over a hot stove all day, an' you  workin' in a nice cool sewer!"  ' ._.   ncsl   La-irer  Simulation  1  i. stralffhfcfor���������aid rencrons  of'cr .from an ostabliihiMl  firm. \1������ Era ci?inff avrty  WitcbM to thoasftuda of  people all oror U19  world .ej a hosrc  AdrorttscmcnC. h'ow  1s your ch&nco to  obtain ens. Writo  novf, enclosing 25  cent-* for cno of onr  ftuhlonablo 'L&dlei'  l/yna Guards, or  Gents' Albert?, eent  carrlvia raid to war  vlth tho watch, which  will bo cWaa , Frc������  (tho������0 watohed ard  cn&rnnteed nvo yean;),  chonltl yna tako n<l-  vantACO of oar marvel.  Iocs 'offev. Vo expect yon to tell your IricmU  Uiout hi and ebow thorn tho beautiful '.natch. ���������  Don't think this o������(c-r tco enod to bo troe. lint c������)d I  "5 coats today and eala a Freo Viatch. "ion j  T7iH bo ar.iK������l-���������WJl.t.IAilS & IXOYU, \Yl^-ejaUi i  Jawcllon(Bert.H������>), ca.Corswallia lload. London, !i..  liicbnd. \^   Heligoland Germany's Bulwark  A movement ha's been organized in  Germany for erecting a monument in  honor of Count Caprivi, the second  Imperial Chancellor, on the island of  Heligoland. It was during that statesman's rule in the affairs of the nation that Lord Salisbury ceded the  island in exchange for Zanzibar.  Speaking the other clay in the Reichstag, Herr Waldstcin, a Radical Deputy, said:���������"We have all been asking ourselves with- a certain feeling  of horror what would have happened  if Heligoland had still been today a  British fortress. With the deepest  feeling of gratitude wo must remember  today tlie man who by the Treaty of  Zanzibar made the island the mightiest   bulwark  of our German  coasts."  Policeman: What arc you standinq  'ere for? Loafer: Kuffink. Policeman:  Well, just move on. If everybody wan.  to stand in one place, how would the  rest get past?  ___  You may rest assured  of one^ thing, Cowan's Maple  Buds will not harm your children  ������������������buy them for yourself and  yours.  ff-10  The Worst is Yet ta Come  "PIell let loose," says Vorwearts, the  organ of German socialism in 'describing the food riots in Berlin. It  may be exaggeration. Even if true,  however, it is nothing compared witli  what is going to "break loose" when  the still deluded German people come  to fully realize the extent of the crime  committed against them by Prussian  Junkcrisin.������������������ Xcw York Herald.  The old gentleman's wife was getting into a carriage, and he neglected  to assist her. "you are not so gailar.t,  John, as when I was a gal," she exclaimed, in .gentle rebuke. "Ko," was  his ready response, "and you are not  so buoyant as when I was a boy."  Tea  in  Burma  Most of tho tea raised in Burma 13  pickled and oaten as a condiment.  W.      N.      U.      1113  and Specks before, the Eyes  Liver derangement is the cause behind these distressing conditions, and only restoration of perfect natural action can effect  lasting cure. That is why Dr. Cassell's Instant P>elief is so  immeasurably superior to the old-fashioned cathartic liver-  pilU and aperient salts. Such things can onlj giro passing  relief by forcing the liver to unnatvral action, and Lave to  bo continued. Dr. Cassc.Ta Instant Relief strengthens th������  liver, and so brings about natural action in a natural manner.  Take Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief for constipation, biliousness, torpid  liver, sick headache, dizziness, specks before the eyes, flatulence and  windy spasms, acidity, heartburn, impure blood, and that dull, heavy  feeling which is a sure indication of liver trouble.  Ask for Dr. CasseU's Instant Relitf and luht no utblitntt.  Price 50 cents, from al? Druggists nnd Storekeepers,  or direct from tlio Sole Aircntv- for Canada. Harold F. Kitc.liiu and Co_  I-itd.. 10, McCauI-Blreet, Toronto.    War Tar 2 c������nta ettra-  Dr. Cassoll's Instant Reliof is tho companion to Dr. Cassell's Tablota.  Sole Proprialori: Dr. Casscll'i Co., Ltd., llanrheitcr, England.  issell's  *%&1W_?,S  V;  V  *3%&wm%  riwf j ��������� t i'iwjjmht.iwjk *w..,ijw.,<:wtjiw".���������w������.je>i im vh   .._ THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  5';*���������������. i-   ������,i.%--.'::  '.-���������>   ' ..'^ '���������*"^<iS'-<-*5fSiJ>*"        ^ '   r':-"'vVX;'<������Y,^-iv^ with   us.      We   wil  I-  iC"^  give it an expert ex-  v'-Ss-vV .<. ^-.������������������".--.-<;v -r.    *    '   '��������� amination. If it needs  ������   v?K,r������ ' . ��������� '.,.,"'.  .-*���������   ���������      ���������    -i*������*i  '     ���������'   '   j i  K-fe-*; ;ir,r������''ft.'.v'!'i>'''t*i f '      i repairs   we  can sup-  ^^^���������.;-'V-H\^'^:-^'^>������^ p'^-'ipj ply them at a modern  ''" ate cost.    If  it   does  not,  9*e will frankly tell you so. A watch repaired by us  will run cor-  ectiy. A. D. MORRISON ^S^WkY.'.!^  Forks to the coast about seven yeara ago. Mrs. O'Connor came to Canada from Ireland in 1850. Her husband  died   in   Orilla,   Ont.,    twenty-five years ago.  ������h, <&mtth .larks J5>mt  G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER.  It was a beautiful evening and Ole, who  had screwed up courage to take Mary for a  ride, was carried away by the magic of the  night.  "Mary," he said, ''will you marry me?" ���������'  "Yes, Ole," she answered softly.  He lapsed into silence that at last became  painful to his fiancee.  "Ole," she said desperately, "why don't .you  say something?"  "Ay tank," Ole replied; "they bane . too  much said alreadv."  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (iu Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)     I 50  Address all communications to  T������k GitAND FoJtics Sun*,  ��������� Grand Forks, B. C.  OFFICE:    COLUMBIA AVENUE AND LAKE STREET.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper." This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. 'No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  FRIDAY, AUGUST 25, 1916  We are evidently a little "too zealous in  championing our own candidates and in condemning our opponents. Our friends across  the line are forming erroneous opinions of our  politicians and public men. The Republic  Journal says: "Our neighbors across the line  are in the midst of an election and all-nkrht  pow-wow are held. Judging by the B. C.  papers both parties are composed of hoboes,  horse thieves, murderers, bank wreckers and  ex-convicts. Elections in B. C. are held any  old time. They might pull off one every week  or one every five years."  THE BETTLR WAY  Last night I dreamt my little son was fighting  for his breath,  Struggling within the arms that strove to hold  him back from Death.  A chiming clock dispelled the droam; I woke,  and waking, wept;  Remembered he had died  for England, dried  my tears and slept.  ���������Ida Poore, in Westmins .er Gazette.  and  In the Grand Forks Valley  18 acres in alfalfa; 2-acre  orchard; good house and  barn and other buildings.  Married  Cn Tu'pday last, in Seattle, Al-Trailnweiser, proprie  tor of (be Yale hotel and one of trip pioneers of Grand  Forks,-was- married to Miss Edith Hadrlen, of Vancouver The bride was'formerly a tf-acher in the public school in this city, and she has many friends here.  For the past two years she has been on the teaching  staff of the Vancouver schools, and recently she received a'promotion for efficient work. She is a sister  of Sergt. Hadde.n, of the 102nd battalion. Mr and  Mrs. Traunweiser returned to this city this afternoon,  visiting some of the coast cities. Their friends extend  congratulations.  Keep the side shoots off the tomatoes, but do not  remove any leaves from the main stalk until late  fall or the pjoper development of later fruit will be  checked Despite the common impression that tomatoes need sunlight to ripen them, some of the finest  fruit will be found underneath the leaves where the  Min can not penetrate.  Mrs   Julia O'Connor died in   X.ew W^tmit\->n>.r   this  iii-inh,   aged     (JG   years.      She    moved    from    Grand  For further information  call at  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.;  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on, hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous  attention.  ������������������fa?"  "Ml  In your favor is good printing,  It starts things off in your favor.  Peop.e read your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING becauseitGETS  BUSINESS, If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you, ItVa 'certainty that  we can save you money, too.  7<  AT YOUR  SERViCE  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68  Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary con ltrv  (Iraiul Forks licfbre its lir.st. Uiptism \>y firo.     Do you recognize thv city?  John Wiimimaker says in Judieiou*  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it i ulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It in  creases dny by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   po "er."  I  M  til  ''if  i'f  ill  ���������'i  \\  'hi 1 '  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Summary of Candidates,  In the -Provincial Elections  Constituency. Libhhal. Co.vskrvativ Lxdepedent  Alberui H. C. Brewster..:...J. G   C.  Wood  John D. Kendall ,  Atlin Frank Mo'bley   \V.-X. McDonald .. Geo.  Casey. ���������  ��������� Cariboo J. Yorston J   A.  Eraser '   Chilliwiick   E.'D. Barrow.:   \V. L. Maoken '.     Cowiclian Ken. C   Duncan Capt   Hay ward   Columbia John Buckani  Dr. Tavlor   Com ox Hugh Stewart i\l   Manson  A. Pritchard (S).  Ci:anbrook Dr. J.  H.King  T. B   Caven    Dulta .-.. A   D   Paterson Lieut.F J.Mackenzie   Dewdney    John Oliver W. J. Manson   E-quimalf A.   W.   McCurdy    R. ET. Poolov   Fort George Hon   W. R" IW....Jnhii Mclmies (S).  "      ' A. Giihitt.  L������cinie A   I   Fisher T. Uphill I. A.McDonald (S)  Greenwood     Dr J.   D   McLean....J. 11  Jackson   Grand Forks J    E. Thompson.    ..Hon    15   Miller   fs'ands  M. B. Jackon Capt.W. \V. Foster.'   Kamloops  F. W. Andurso!-    ...J. P.Shaw   K-islo..' John Keen   ..R. J   Long '.   Li'looot  J.  B   Bryson Archie  McDonald   .A. E.  Plania Sam Skinner (S).  NYn-iimo    .Win. Sloan   Nelson A. M. Johnson  Dr. VV. 0. Rose L  L.  Bloomer (S).  N. Okanagan Dr. K. MaeDonald. Price Ellison   S. Okanagan L.  V, Rogers  Mayor Jones 1   Newcastle  Dr. Diet* Parker  Williams  New Westminster David Whiteside  ���������Omineca A. M. Manson  F.   M. Dockrill ;   Hevelstoke Dr. butlierland Hon. T. Taylor   R'wslnnd   :.W: D. Willson  Hon. L.A.Campbell   Richmond   G   G.  McGre.er W.J   Baird  Robert MoBride.  Sianicli -.... F   A. Paulina D. M  ISberts W.J.J^dingham(S)  Simiikameen R   S. Conk I ing   L   W. Sliatford .��������� '.  Skeona.". T.  D   Pattulo    Hon   Wm. Manson   ���������Slocan Chas   F  Ne'son Wm. Hunter   N    Vancouver ...Mayor (Janes Geo.   H.  Mordon ...Wm. McNeish.  ...J. W. Wnart  Rev. Wm. Boulton J. E. Wilton.  ...MichaerSullivTin   ...,1ns. A   Schofield   ...Goodwin (S).  ...Ralph  Smith   Mori. W.J   Bowser. J. D Harrington (S)  M. A. MaeDonald...Hon.   Dr.   McGuireH.   0   White  P   Donnelly... Thomas Duke     Robert Cassidv.  Dr. J.W. Mclnto-.h. A. II. B. Macgowan W.   R   Trotter.  J    S   Cowper  0   1_   Tisdall A. F. Fawcett.  J.  W. deli   Furris  .Walter Leek T. 0. Townley.   E. C. Appleby.  .. H   C. Brewster  Hon   Alex Stewart. A. J. Morlev.  Jf'h'i Hart Reginald Havward..Dr. Ernest Hall.  ".   " Ceo Bell. John Dilworth  P. R. Smith (S).  H   C.Hall  L. Tait Dan Poupard (S).  Yale : Joseph Walters.;.... Alex Lucas   Cutting Off Buttons  In "A Soldier of the Legion," by  Edward Morlae, this fir-count of the  measures taken to prevent prisoners  from escaping is given: "They were  surrendering.     Mow we went at our  work!    Out  flew   our   knives, and  we mingled   among   the   prisoners,  slicing  off  their   trousers' buttons,  cutting oil suspenders, ari'd hacking  through   belts.    All   the   war shoes  had their laces cut.    Thus, sloppiog  along,   hands     helplessly    in   the i  breeches' pockets to keep their trousers from falling round their ankles,  shuffling   their   feet   to   keep their  shoes on,the huge column of prison  erswas sent to the rear  with   a  few  soldiers to   direct   rather   than   to  guard them "  The '���������one-gall us" customer  drift  ed into a country store in   Akansas.  "Gimme a nickel's worth of asafeti  da," be drawled.  The clerk poured it  out and pushed it across the counter.  lorn Gifford ("Charge   it,"    said   the   customer.  "What's   your   name?"  asked    the  S ��������� Vancouver  Trail    Vancouver   clerk. "Honeyiunkel." "Take it  for nothing," said the shopman, "I  wouldn't write 'asafetida' and  'Honeyfunkel for live ccntsY'  Victoria.,  ��������� "Built to Last"  Without a doubt, one of the strongest  bicycles ever built.  *-*'' Thousands in use to-day, that have  been running ten to twenty years.  And still giving the utmost satisfaction.  The 3-piece "C.C.M." Hanger adds  the finishing touch of perfection to  this famous wheel.  Call and examine the latest "Clevelands "at  i  The following is from a speech  delivered at a recent welcome home  to a few returned heroes: "I shall  always remember this war, for I  have a finger missing, which I shall  carry to remind me that I left it on  the bl.ood-stalned field of distant  France."   ���������  The Sub���������I think our new sergeant-major is a bit of an ass, sir.  I asked him wbo held the Pass of  Thermopylae, and he said he didn't.  The C. 0.���������Ha! Ha! Ha! And  I bet the old rascal did, you   know.  ��������� A New York militia commander  advises   married   not to  join   tbe  militia.    Possibly   he thinks they  are sick of war.  LAND ACT  j    Headquarters  !  for  High-Grade  Sundries  J. R.MOOYBOER  Blacksmith and Bicycle Dealer  Dealers in      ���������  Fresfi and Salt iMeats  Fisfi and Poultry  Our cTWotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen, <_7Wanager  Simiikameen Land   District, District  ���������."of Yale.  TAKE NOTICE that Rohert Ritchie,,  of. Cascade, B. C, occupation  farmer, intends to apply for permission to purchase the following described lands: Commencing at a post  planted at or near the S.E. corner of  part af Lot 498 (now owned by Andrew VVilley); chence east 52S feet;  thence-.north 990 feet* thence west  528 feet; thence south 990 feet to  point of commencement.  ROBERT RITCHIE,  Applicant.  Dated July 20th, 1916.  HANSEN 8 CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Yo_r Gait Goal n0,v  Office !  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  Telkphonks;  Hanse.n's Residence K38rl,dl Oil del  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with   special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  THE  LONDONDIRECTORYl  (Published Annually)  Enables traders   throiitrhont   tlio   world   to  communicate diroct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in ench clnssof goods. Kesides hoing n com-  Ditto commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory eontoius lints of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the floods- thoy ship, mid tlie Coloni'i)  mid Foreign Markets they supply:  STEAMSHIP LINES  iirrnnged under tho I'orts to which thoy .sail,  uiid indicating the appi'oxiinute Sailing.1):  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  tho principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of tho United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will ho forwarded, freight paid, on roceipt of Postal  Order for $5,  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  tlicir trade cards for $5, orlurgor advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY. CO., LTD  2o, Abchurcli Lane, London, E. C.  1 '���������  SJ_.oXi.ACoO  A policy t of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protection thus secured is  well worth its* annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced,  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may he induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New custom 3rs tj this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade. '  Not to advertise regularly to  the readers of  THE. GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your/business unv  protected.  B  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where Y'ou Are  Invited to Shop IEHE   SEN,   GRAND   FOBKifc"  TOO LITTLE BLOOD  MEANSMUCH MISERY  That   is   What    Makes    People    Pale,  Weak   and   Languid.-  The one source of most of the misery  that affects men and women and  growing children, is poverty of the  blood. If you consult a doctor he  says you are anaemic, which really  means bloodless. That is what makes  people drag along, always tired, never  real hungry, often unable to digest  their food, breathless after the slightest exertion, and too often on the  verge  of  complete  breakdown.  iMore weak, ���������anaemic people -have  been made strong, energetic and cheerful by taking Dr. Williams Pink Pills  than by any other -moans. These  pills actually make new, rich blood  which'reaches every part of the body,  strengthens the nerves and brings new  health, and strength. The following is  proof of Dr. Williams Pink Pills to  restore health. Mr. Geo. Turner, New  Haven, N. S., 'says:-���������"No doubt due to  constant hard work I got in a badly  run down condition. It took very little  exertion to tire, me, and my appetite  was far from being.good. Often I had  headaches, and when going up stairs,  or after any slight exertion* my heart  would palpitate violently, and I grew.,  considerably alarmed about, my condition. I decided to take Dr. Williams  Pink Pills and after using a few boxes  I felt much better.: I continued using  the pills for some weeks longer, and  they completely cured me. I can  warmly recommend this medicine to  men who are w.ealYor-run down."  You can get these pills-through'any  medicine dealer or by mail, post paid,  at 50 cents a box or six boxes for  Sl'.uO from The Dr. Williams Medicine  Co., Brockville, Ont.  Forestry Farms  Changing the  Treeless   Prairie   Into  a  Park-Like   Country  "Saskatchewan requires more Forestry Farms. Then there would be at  least two lectures continuously on the  road to hold meetings, giving lectures  on forestry, shelter-belts, etc. The  gospel of tree-planting should be  brought to farmers. These lectures  could take the names and locations  of farmers who are anxious and ready  to plant trees, send in the lists to the  head office in the province/ and inspectors should be sent out to examine each farm, so as to advise  farmers where to plant, and how to  prepare tlie ground for the following  year's planting. It is all right to expend money on flic general Conservation Commission to enthuse citizens  the Dominion over on what our natural resources are aud how they  should-be conserved, but the practical  working end of the problem should  not be neglected. Give Saskatchewan  forestry farms and practical men to  meet progressive farmers, and in' a  few years the treeless, wind-swept  prairies would be changed to a parklike country, with trees on every  farm."���������Saskatchewan Farmer.  Protect the child from the ravages  of worms by using Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator. It is a standard  remedy, and years of use have  enhanced its reputation.  P.    A.     BONNOT'S     HHEUMATISM  CURED'BY DODD'S KI dr-JEY PILLS  Wife (with newspaper)���������Tt says here  that men grow bald because of the intense activity of their brain.  Hub���������Exactly! And women have  no whiskers bccauseYof the intense  ac-l.ivitv of their chins.  Minard's, Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs,���������This fall I got thrown  on a fence and hurt my chest very  bad, so I could not work and it hurt  me to breathe. I. tried all kinds of  Li rii merits"- and they'did me no good.  One bottle of MTNARD'S Liniment,  wanned on flannels and applied on  mv breast, cured me. eomi'letelv.  C.  H.  COSSABOOM.  floss war, Pig-by Co., N. S.  Foe Ships in American Harbors .  ' There are eighty-eight German and  twelve Austrian ships in American  ports with a total net tonnage of 303,-  479, lying idle on account of the war.  The merchant ships may leave when  they like, but warships must remain  till the termination of the war. The  reason why none of the merchantmen leave port is because the Allies  maintain an effective patrol outside  tlie three mile limit.  And With It Went 'All Those Symptoms Which Mark the Earlier Stages  of Kidney Trouble. /  Grand Clairiere, Man., (Special.)���������  "All persons who suffer from rheumatism should use Dodd's Kidney Pills."  This is the statement volunteered by  ���������Mr. P. A. Bon not, a well-known resident of this place. Asked to give the  reasons why Mr. Bonnot said:  "L suffered for three years from  rheumatism. I consulted a doctor  without getting any results. Four  boxes of Dodd's Kidney Pills fixed me  up." . !  That rheumatism'is caused by sick  kidneys failing to strain the uric acid  out of the blood was again shown in  Mr. Bonnot's case. His earlier symptoms were: heart fluttcrings, broken  and unrefreshing sleep, fitful appetite,, a tired nervous feeling, a heaviness after meals, neuralgia and backache.  When he cured his kidneys with  Dodd's Kidney Pills the rheumatism  and all the-other symptoms of kidney trouble disappeared.  A Millionaire's  Restitution  Wm.- F. Cochran- of Baltimore says  "Burning with passion for humanity,  and feeling a sincere and deep yearning to make my life count for something, I am seeking to make restitu  tion in some degree to society for the  debt   which   as   a   parasite   nil   these  years  I  owe  it.      Particularly  am  I  concerned about, that section of society  in  the  sweat  of  whose  brow I havo  eaten my bread, and upon v.'hos? backs  I have had a free ride���������lab):*."- Baltimore Christian Socialist.  Stamps as Spy Messages  Arranged to  Convey   Information  of a  Naval  or  Military  Nature  The Italian Government has forbidden the exportation and the German  Government the importation of used  and unused postage stamps, according  to information received from Switzerland by Hugh Clark, a New York  philatelist.  American dealers' .mpplies of stamps  from Italy are thus suspended; and  those from Germany are delayed because they must come by way of floii-  mania and the Orient," whereas formerly they reached here bv way of  Italy.  The British Government does not  permit German stamps to be sent out  by way of Holland or the Scandinavian countries, according to local  philatelists, and the French Government is equally strict.  The letter received by Mr. ' Clark  carried the intimation that two secret  codes built upon (he use of postage  stamps sent through letters had been  discovered by the Italian and German  authorities, and that these were responsible for the respective decisions  of the two governments. Through these  codes certain numbers and types of  stamps, imported or exported, . were  said to be conveying information of  a naval or military nature.  .[:; ID SORE J01US CURED!  ALL RHEUMATIC TENDENCIES DESTR  Away   Go    the   Crutches,  Every Sufferer Made  Well Quickly  Old age is usually afflicted , with  rheumatism. Very few past fitly escape  its tortures.  Many it bends and deforms. Upon  Ihe countenances of others it marks  the effects of its awful suffering.  Nerviline will cure  rheumatism. It takes  the pain out'ol throbbing muscles and  *i\Vpllen    joints.      It  untwists gnarled    knuckles.      It docs this quickly  and  surely. - '��������� (  Nerviline is not used internally. You j  just rub it on���������lots of hard rubbing is  required for a minute or two, and then.'  you feel Nerviline penetrating through  the tissues; you feci it drawing out the  congestion, feel it sink in deeper-and  deeper lilrii't last it touches the core of  the joint or the heart of the muscle  affected.,  You won't stay in pain with Nerviline���������no one ever/does.- Just try it���������  you will be amazed at its magical  power over pain,"a power it gets from  the extracts and juices of certain rare'-  herbs and roots it contains. It's harmless���������any child can  use Nerviline, can  rub it on for a sore  throat, for a bad  cold, for stiff* neck,  ,  for earache. No fam  ily remedy half so useful.  The large 50 cent bottle is the. most  economical; trial; size 25 cents. All  dealers, or the Gatarrhozonc Co.. Kingston,' Canada. Y  Defeat  What is defeat?    Nothing but education,  nothing  but  I lie.'first  step to  something better.  n this Matter  of Health  one  is oil her  with  the  winners  or-with the losers.  It's largely a question of right  eating���������right food. For sound  health one must cut out rich,  indigestible foods and choose  tho.se that are known to contain  the cleirK-nts that build sturdy  bodies  and   keen  brains,  is a wonderfully balanced food,  made from whole wheat and  barley. It contains all the nutriment of the grain, including the  mineral phosphates, indispensable in Nature's plan for body  and brain rebuilding.  Grape-Nuts is a concentrated  food, easy to digest. It is economical, has delicious flavour,  comes ready to cat, and ha3  helped tlioui-aiids in the winning  class.  "There's a Reason"  Canadian Pfisliim C'ci'C'ilCo., I,td.,  Windsor. Out.  W.      N.      U.      1113  Choked for Air. Some little irritant  becomes lodged in the bronchial tubes,  others gather-, and the awful choking  of asthma results. Nothing offers quite  such quick and positive relief as Dr.  J. 1). Kellogtr's Asthma Remedy. The  healing, soothing smoke or vapor penetrates, clears the passages and gives  untold relief. Usually it completely  cures. It has behind it years of success. It is the sure remedy for every  sufferer.  Slateof Ohio, City of Toledo.  I,ucas Couu ty, s.s.  Frank J. Cheney makes oatii that he Is senior  partner of the firm of 1". J. Cheney & Co., doing:  business in the City of Toledo. County and State  aforesaid, and that said firm .will pay the sum of  ONI* IIUNDKI'D UOI,r,ARS for each and 'every  case of Catarrh thatcauiiot be cured by the use  of HAWS CATARRH CURT*.  FRANK J. CHENF.V.  Sworn  to before   me', and   subscribed  in  my  presence, this 6th day of December, A.D. 1SS6.  .,..-��������� A. W. C.r,KASOX,  (Sn.u.) Kotary Public.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and  acts throuffh the Blood on the Mucous Surfaces  of the System.,  Send for testimonials, free.  ".    F. J. CHFNKV & CO., Toledo, O.  Sold bj-all dniR-gists, 75c.  Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  Prevent Collisions in Darkness or Fog  Announcement has been made that  William Marconi'wiil bring out shortly  a new device which should put an end  to danger of collisions between ships  in darkness or fog. It is described as  a simple contrivance, easily installed,  which will be operated from the  bridge of a ship. ���������  .  Roumania's credit holds firm. Her  5 per cent loan for ?24,000.000 was  over-subscribed by ?1G.000,000.  Baker's Bread in Great Britain  "The ordinary whitened bread has  on occasions/when' analysed been  found to contain wood-dust, bone-  dust, alum, sulphuric powder and  salts or magnesia, -which enables'the  flour to take up far more than the  normal amount of water. As this emasculated flour known in the trade as  'seconds' is naturally of a grey and  unattractive color, it is put through  a process of bleaching in order to  endeavor to give-to it tho look of pure  fine, wlieaten flour. There are two  principal ways of achieving this���������  both processes highly injurious, especially to the digestive organs and  teeth of children. One is the mixing  of alum with the flour, the other  bleaching it by means of chemical  fumes. There is no law to prevent  either, and no obligation to give the  purchaser any maximum of wheat in  the loaf."���������Dr. Wm. A. Brand in the  Nineteenth Century.  "My mother always told me that in  taking you I was marrying beneath  my station."  "Beneath your station, eh? That  wasn't a station your family had; it  was just a water tank."  Boy labor at the Woolwich Arsenal  fetches from $'5 to $10 per week.  Fighting or Paying  Nothing might well earn greatet  disapprobation on the part of the  oubiic than that the wife or other  dependent of an enlisted soldier should  suffer need. Is not the separation  from" husband or son, with the days  and nights of anxiety that necessarily  follow, a sacrifice greater far than the  dollars which arc the contribution of  those who escape these penalties of  separation for many months, and perhaps forever?. Besides, the patriotic  citi/.ezn does not and will not cavil  at paying. Even though here and  ���������there.to pay is a hardship, there ia  recompense in the knowledge that not  in the history: of the British Empire  has there been opportunity for so great  ���������service to. the cause of humanity and  civilization.���������London Free Press  "Get a spoon, Freddie. Mother has  something for you."  "A big spoon or a little spoon?"  "What difference does it make?"  "Makes a heap of difference.  Is i\  medicine you got or ice cream?"���������Kansas City Journal.  Van Dusen (at Van Rock's country  seat)���������Mr. Van Rock, I love the very  ground your daughter walks on!      >  Van Rock���������Well, it's for sale if you  have the price.  'M  According to a hoart specialist, if  one retires to bed at ten instead of  twelve ho saves tbe heart S7G,000 footpounds a year. Lying down half an  hour daily lessens its labor in the  same period by 219,000 foot-pounds.  It Will Cure a Cold.���������Colds are the  commonest ailments of mankind and  if neglected may lead to serious conditions. Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil will  relieve the bronchial passages of inflammation speedily and thoroughly  and will strengthen them against  subsequent attack. And as it eases  the inflammation it will stop the cough  because it allays all irritation in thp  tiicoat.   Try it and prove it.  Italian Royalty's Narrow Escape  Italy's Queen narrowly escaped  raiders who dropped bombs near the  train on which Queen Helena and the  .Princesses Jolauda and Haralda were  travelling. The royal parly was on  tho way from a section of the front  to Venice when the Austrian aeroplane made the attack. The lights  in the train were extinguished and  the railroad line was in darkness, but  despite these precautions bombs fell  on Ih-1 line near the train, breaking  :i.-iegriph   wires.  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  "O lubricant is good enoughjfor every purpose. You don't want  to use tne:,same oil on a high-speed, low-power tractor as on a  low-speed, high-power tractor. You can't use the same oil in your  thresher as you do on a spindle.  The Imperial Oil Company makes a special oil exactly suited  to every part of every farm machine.  STANDARD GAS ENGINE OIL  Recommended by leading builders for all types of internal combustion engines,  whether tractor or stationary, gasoline or kerosene. It keeps its body at  high temperature, is practically free from carbon, and is absolutely uni-  ionu in qualityv  PRAIRIE HARVESTER OIL  An excellent all-round lubricant for exposed bearings of harvesters and other  Linn machinery.    Stays on the bearings; will not gum or corrode.  CAPITOL CYLINDER OIL  The most effective and economical lubricant for .steam engine cylinders;  proven superior in practical competition with other cylinder oils.  ELDORADO CASTOR OIL  A high-grade, thick-bodied oil for lubricating the loose bearings of firm  machinery, sawmills and factory shafting.  THRESHER HARD OIL  Keeps the cool bearing cooL Docs not depend on heat or friction to causa  it to lubricate.  A Back Door Dodge  When German meets German then  comes the tug of wits. The butchers  of Cologne do not at all care for the  State organization of meat supplies.  One enterprising son of "Kultur"  secreted five tons of meat in his  premises and sold it to "good customers" at the back door. When  faced with the discovery, the wily  butcher pointed to the regulations  which specified that the restrictions  only applied to meat sold over the  counter, The law has been made  rn'.���������)'<. specific.  Minard's   Liniment  Cures  Distemper.  i  $1  m  l  '���������>i  i  si  I  vsl  %  '_  i:f  M  *il  M THE    SUN,   .GRAND    FORKS,    B. a  >   1/  HAND TO HAND FIGHTING IN SURPRISE ATTACKS  The Monotony - of  Trench   Existence   Broken  by Preparing for  Raids, and in Affording an Opportunity for Our Soldiers  To Get at Close Grips With the Enemy  '������������������������������������' ���������'������������������'-. 0 : ��������� ���������;   .   ; Y- . _   Between the British, and German  modern machine warfare, wherein  every man was supposed to have,become a pawn without initiative of his  own, has been developing perhaps the  deadliest form of sport imagination  can conceive���������-where every combatant  places liis cunning, his strength arid  his skill in hand-to-hand fighting  against' those of his adversary, v  Hardly a day passes that there is  not a trench "raid" by one side or the  other, and sometimes several such  sallies. No subject is more tabooed  in its details by the. censor. Commanders do. not want to let the enemy know why their raids succeed or  fail or why the enemy's succeed or  fail. Invention fights invention;  ���������secrecy fights; secrecy.   ':.'.,  All the elements of boxing wrest-'  ling, fencing and mob tactics, plus,the  stealth of the Indian who crept up on.  a camp on-the. plains and the teamwork of a, professional baseball nine,  are valuable to the ^nnjet.  The weapon that is least needed is  r rifle. A club of a sandbag or-an  Indian battle axe or spiked club is  better. A good slugger without any  weapon at all-may take an adversary's loaded rifle away from him and  knock him down and then kick him  to death.        ;  The monotony of trench existence  these days, is broken by preparing for  raids and against them. Battalion  commanders work out schemes of  ���������strategy which would have won them  fame in smaller wars. Fifty men or a  thousand may be engaged in a raid.  It may be on a front of fifty, yards or  a thousand. Its object is to take as  -many prisoners and kill and wound  as many of the enemy as possible in a  few minutes;'and th'en to get back to  ,their own trench., The assaulters try  to hold on to the piece of trench they  have taken, the _guns are turned on  them, the bombers close up on either  side, and machine guns and rifles  ���������ire prepared to sweep the zone of  ictirement.  ��������� An uncanny curiosity gives tlie soldiers incentive for the raids. Ordinarily they never see their enemy hidden in his burrows across "No Man's  Land" from their own burrows. - Unseen bullets from unseen snipers  crack .overhead. Unseen guns suddenly concentrate in a deluge of  shells. For months this sort of  thing goes on and the trenches of the  adversaries -remain always in > the  same place; the grim monotony of  casualties and watching continues.  This arouses the desire to "get at"  the enemy which the trench raid satisfies. It means springing over the  parapet and rushing across "No Man's  Land" into the very houses of the  enemy and man to .man on his door  step proving 'which is a heller fighter.  To go over the parapet ordinarily  means death. In order to make any  such rush there must be "interference," as they say in football, and  the barb wire.in.front of the enemy's  trench must be cut. G'his is usually  done by the guns, which become more  imd more deadly in their ability to  turn accurate sprays of destruction  on given, points. They cover the  rush and they cover the return of the  raiders with their prisoners.  But the guns are not all; there are  nil kinds of organized trickery in order to enable a body of soldiers to get  into the enemy's trendies for a. few  minutes of activity, when the occupants' throw themselves on their invaders at such close quarters that it  is a question if even a revolver is now  a practical weapon. It cannot be  thrown over a traverse and a bomb  can. Running into a German around  the corner of a traverse a blow may  be better than a shot.  There have been trench raids where  every man who went out was responsible, for a casually or prisoner, while  the raiders' own loss might not, have  been one in ten to the enemy's. There  are also failures. Success requires  lltnt every detail should work out  right. The Brifish inauguratrd trench  raidiiig, which the Germans promptly  adopted. _ Where its development will  end no one dares venture to say,  Overrated   German   Efficiency  German efficiency will be less made  of in the future. Its limitations are  as obvious as those of un analytical  conclusion. It solves a given problem, working from premises laid  down, but it is baffled py (he unexpected and lacks imagination to 'ore-  see new conditions. It. sees narrowly in a straight line, and when deflected by unconsidered obstacles  which imagination might have provided for, it is like a locomotive off  the track.���������^<ov: York Times.  Asquith Points  Way to Victory  Increasingly   Close   Co-operation   and  Vast  Resources of Allies  Bound  to Triumph  In observance of the thirtieth anniversary of his��������� election to tlie House  of Commons from East Fife, Premier  Asquith visited his constituency for  the first time since the outbreak of  the war, addressing a great meeting  of his supporters and many who in  past years, had been his opponents.  The Premier made a touching reference to the-.denth of Field Marshal  Earl Kitchener as "leaving a place in  our constitutional life that none else  can fill, and a memory that will live  as long as the British Empire." Lord  Kitchener had bequeathed to the country an array of armies, said the  Premier, and it was for the country  ���������to make.the best use of these./ ;  In a survey of the situation, Premier Asquith declared- that the Russian advance was one of the most  brilliant feats of the war.  'The Italians; Mr. Asquith said, ,were  making resistance to ihe Austrian onslaught which every day was becoming more effective. As for the French,  nothing could exceed the valor -with  ���������which they were maintaining the defence .of Verdun. Co-operation among  the General Staffs of the allies was  becoming more intimate and complete  every month. British assistance had  been offered to Gen. Joffre. and the  steps which would he taken jvere  those dictated by sound strategy..  "This war is not merely a!struggle  of armies," the Premier continued.  "It is a stiugglc of material and economic rest"frees, arid these will prove  in the Ion'.' run to be the deciding  factors."  After sneaking ot the effectiveness  of the navy's blockade Mr. Asquith  said: - '���������'-,.  "Owing to the rashness of the enemy we were allowed ---to see another  and more, stirring, dramatic aspect of  the navy's qualities. The naval action of May ;U was worthy of the best  and most treasured traditions of the  British navy. The Germans were  driven back into their ports without  so much as making an effort to grapple with the main body of our Grand  Fleet, and had the temerity to claim  what really'was a rout as a complete  victory. A couple more such victories  and there will bo nothing left of the  German navy worth sneaking about.  The truth is slowly leaking out, and t  its full extent is not yet'realized orj  appreciated. Our command of the  seas, so far from being impaired, has  been more firmly and unshakably established."     ��������� . -  In reference to Ireland, Mr. Asquith  said the recent rioting, leading to the  loss^f many innocent lives, had created a situation which seemed to a majority of responsible Irishmen of all  parties to call for a settlement. The  history of the relations between Great  Britain and Ireland exhibited a tragic  series of missed or misused opportunities.  "Don't let us add another to their  number," said the Premier.  ���������"What he desired, he explained, was  a provisional settlement, for when the  war came to an end the country would  have to take stock of its internal relations, the fabric of the Empire would  have to he refashioned, and relations  between Great Britain and Ireland  and the Dominions would of necessity  be brought-into close and connected  review.  ars Have  Set Example  Unlike Germans, Respected Red Cross  on  Lady  Paget's  Hospital  There was a large party at King's  Cross to welcome L.aciy Paget and litiy-  ���������four\other members of the Serbian  Relief Fund Hospital staff at Uakub  on their return Io London. A well  known .member of Lady Paget's party  said: "Wo have travelled back to England via Itoumania, Russia, Sweden  and Norway. On October 22 the -Bulgarians entered Uskub. Their advance  was so rapid that I here, was no possibility of getting the patients safely out of the hospital. Lady Paget  pluckily decided to stay behind to  look' after them. The line of battle  went right through the hospital buildings, but the. Bulgarians respected the  Red Cross flag.  "There wore 800 patients, about/half  of them being Serbs, and the other  half Bulgars. The Bulgarians, I believe,   did   what  they  could  to   help.  They told lis they were anxious to  stand well in English eyes. The refugee population, kept alive from Ihe  relief -fund stores, . numbered many  thousands. Lady Paget organized  daily relief for about 4,000 people.  "King Ferdinand, and both the  young princes came to Uskub before  we were permitted to leave. None, of  them, however, came to the hospital.'  After leaving Uskub we were detained  in Sofia for a month. Lady Paget was  the. guest of the Queen of Belgium.  I was allowed to visit the British  prisoners���������of whom there were about  thirty���������arid they all spoke well of their  general treatment. Two prisoners we  were able, to bring away, Private Morris and Private Woodbine, the latter  being blind."  Prince Edward in Cairo  The Prince of Wales' visit to Egypt  resulted in many beggars of Cairo  blessing his name, though he is ignorant of the fact. A correspondent saw  the Prince making* some purchases in  the bazaar, and, when the business  was concluded, he approached the  merchant and-asked him if he knew  whom he had had tlie honor of serving. The merchant shook his head, and  when informed of the truth-he'burst  into'loud lamentations..He had shamelessly- overcharged the Prince, and  nothing could convince him that he  could not suffer an ignominious death.  The '-correspondent promised, if the  merchant distributed largesse to the  poor in the Prince's name he himself  would personally intercede .with' the  Prince on the -merchant's behalf. The  merchant thankfully agreed.  TAKING   OF   TOWNS WILL   IMPRESS . THE   PEOPLE  Queen Mary's  Tommy (to Jock, on lsave)��������� What  about the lingo? Suppose you want  to sav etrg over there, What do you  say Jock���������Ye juist say "Ooo'f," Tommy���������But suppose vou want two? Jock  ���������Ye say, "Twa oofs," and the silly  auld fule wife gies ye three, and "ye  juist gie her back one. Man, it's an  awuf easv language.���������Glasgow Herald.  "I gorry, I'm tired !" "There you go!  You're tired! Here I be a-standin'  <pver a hot stove all day, an' you  workin' in a nice cool sewer!"  Letter Received From Xady Lawley  Expresses Appreciation of Work  of Canadian Women  The following is an extract from  a letter received by the Montreal  branch of Queen Mary's Needlework  Guild drom Lady Lawley, lion. Secy,  at the Guild Headquarters in London,  ������������.���������������--  "I hardly know how to thank all  those who have so kindly contributed,  and hope-you, will.come to my aid by  conveying the expression of Her Majesty's appreciation to the various  branches and individual workers''who,  have contributed to your last consignment. Her Majesty Was in rich' inter-_  estcd in the Indian made socks, and  much astonished '-what one of "Her  little petticoats has been and is doing  for the cause, as we see that in addition to 6 cases of comforts made from  the proceeds of this little petticoat,  there is more to follow;  "The South African picture books  arc delightful, and I will send them  to one of the Officers' Hospitals.  "The dressings have been despatched to Chvcden Hospital as requested.  "I must not forget to mention the  comfort bags from Yarmouth, which  were lovely and will be'much appreciated.  "Should you by any chance get any  women's and children's things, I  should now be glad of a few, as 1 am  H������kcd for some for. widows ' and orphans of officers, and as you know,  our department for women and children has been closed.  "Could you let 'Mrs. Hamilton know-  that her shirt was quite correct?  '���������"With renewed thanks,  Yours trulv,'  (Signed) ANNIE LAWLEY  Officer of Prussian Guard Believes That Each German Victory  For Which They Pay so Dear, Brings Them Nearer to  Defeat,   But  Nation   is   Kept  in  Ignorance  ��������� ��������� ��������� O ' . ���������     .  The London Daily Mail's Bern*  correspondent, writing on internal  conditions in Germany says:  "The morale of the civilian populn*  tion is'considerably shaken by privations and the morale of the army to  some extent is affected by the news  from home, as well, no doubt, as by  the heavy losses at the front. An officer of a Prussian Guard regiment  recently said:  "'We can win more victories at a  price, but each victory brings us nearer to defeat.'  "But the nation is kept together  still by "a carefully inspired fear of  intended reprisals "by the Allies���������  murder, pillage and arson���������and by  the idea that the Allies intend lifter  victory to tear the empire to pieces.  "The German army and civilians  are by no means in a mood to throw  themselves on the mercy of the Allies,  nor are they reduced to the condition  of a garrison whose lighting men see  their rations daily reduced.  "To break the fighting spirit of a  nation at bay, something more than  economic pressure must be applied.  The Germans must see with their eyes  that' they cannot hold the lines (in  the enemy's country, remember) which  they have prepared. Just as the early  confidence of civilian Germany was  inspired by names on the maps������������������  Brussels, Antwerp, Lille. Belgrade,  "Warsaw, Monastir���������������������������so their morale  and their mental staying, power, undetermined by 'privations, must finally be broken by names on tlie maps.  "After making every possible inquiry of everybody I could find who  has lived in'Germany recently enough  to be fairly competent to judge, I believe that if the Germans are forced  permanently to evacuate one large  town on the Western front, whose  name could not be lied off the map,  we might at last be able to say that  the internal conditions of Germany  were bringing victorv within sight."  Hon. Secv.  Advantages of a  "Bantam   Battalion"  Out west they arc raising a "Bantam" Battalion.    One has already appeared   in   the   vast   "some  An Irish soldier had lost his left  eye in action, but was allowed to remain in the service on consenting to  have a glass eye in its place. Being  a typical "absent-minded beggar," ne  ireauy ���������ip- i appearec*i  on  parade  one  day  minus  where   in!,'-   i,[. ������i���������m���������������  ,,        , re. ���������        ��������� c     ���������       ,   .his left "lamp.  1;ranee,     and   an   ofticer  referring to j    .<Nol     ���������> s^id the officc  it, said that he was much struck by  their sturdy appearance. In point  ^of endurance he considered it not improbable that they would march an  average new army betlalion to a standstill. For trench warfare he considers  that, tlipy will have a very distinct  advantage over tali men, more particularly of the reckless type so familiar to platoon officers, who grow weary  of reiterating the injunction, "Keep  down."  you are  not properly dressed. Why is your  artificial eye not in its proper place?"  "Sure, sir," replied Nolan, "I left it  in my box to keep an eye on my kit  while I'm on. parad*.. u  "Would you call Uncle Peter *s  stingy man. " "Well, no; I'd merely  say that he had all his generous impulses under perfect control."���������Boston Transcript.  Wireless. Saves Many Lives  The History   of   Marconi's   Great   Discovery   is  ������������������������������������   Short, But Most Dramatic ���������  Thousands of Factories Mobilized  The British Minister of Munitions  announces- that lie has made, further  orders under the munitions of war  acts. 1915 and IMG. under which 259  Additional establishments have been  declared controlled establishments  ���������ander the acts. A total of 3,037 establishments has now been declared  _��������� controlled.  A  Glorious  Trinity  Tn an Ohio town is a colored man  whose     last     name     is   Washington.  Heaven   has   blessed   him   with  three  sons.  When the first son arrived the father named him George. Washington.  Tn due time the second son came. Naturally he was christened Booker  Washington. When the third man-  child was born his parent was at a  loss, at first, for a name for him.  Finally, though, he hit on a suitable  selection.  The third son, if he lives, will go  through life as Spokane Washington.  ���������Saturday livening Post.  Germans Conceal their Losses  Mr. TIih>.iire Bolloe. 1he eminent  military critic has, after a visit lo  Paris, where he examined the records of the Wur Office, compared  the lists of German prisoners with  those published in Germany, and  with Tlie private lists in towns and vil-  agea where the prisoners hailed from.  Hi; also analysed the figures issued  by Berlin for 19H-I5, and arrived at  the conclusion that .*i,500,000 men had  been permanently lost to the German  fighting forces by Jan. I. I9JG, leaving only 5,000,000 out of the original  9,000,000 maximum possible recruitment of German men effective for war.  You can put all the United Stales  except Alaska in Brazil aud have 200,-  000 square miles left.  There is one man whose name  stands out amid the conflict of the  European war for what he.has doiie  to save life. While' other destroy, he  preserves.  And this man is Chevalier Marconi,  who invented and perfected the wonderful "w-reless" telegraphy. To him  belongs the credit of saving life all  over Hie world, since lo his great invention thousands of people owe their  rescue from  maritime disaster.  The history of wireless telegraphy  is still short. As recently as JS99 messages were first sent from England to  France, while in 190*2 the "waves" he  bad mastered, carried greetings between Canada and England.  The first case on record of "wireless" being employed by a ship in dis-  tres occurred on March '���������). 1399. On  this date the R. F. Mat thews ran  into the. East Goodwin lightship during a heavy fog. The weather conditions would, in the. old days, have  rendered tbe work of rescue very  difficult, if not impossible. But the  It. F. Matthews was equipped with  what was then a novelty���������Marconi's  system of wireless telegraphy. Messages were sent ashore and speedily  brought lifeboats to the  rescue.  During the next ten years instances  are recorded of wireless aiding ships  in difficulties, but not until 190!) was  public interest really roused in this  matter.  On .'liniuiiry '-!���������'!. 1909. just t<*n years  after the case of the R. I'*. Matthews,  the Florida riimm-'d and sank tin:  great White Star liner the 'Republic,  off'tin: Xanluek"t Lightship, some  thirty miles from Ihe American coast.  'Ihe story of the loss of the Republic is the story of the pluck of .lack  k'iiins, the wireless operator. Binns  at once began to send out urgent culls  for help "O. Q. I)." Through tin;  0'nii.dliss air fIn; magic letters sped,  being recorded by every wireless receiver Lr liundr ds of miles. And  in answer ships changed their courses  and buiTieo to tbe scene of the disaster.  Si.vtv   miles  awny   was  the    Baltic,  separated from the sinking liner, with  its two thousand human souls, by a  dense fog. And from half past six at  night tho Baltic scoured the surface  of the nccf.n on its errand of mercy.  All through the long hours Binns sat  at his instrument sending out messages and directions lo the ship coming to the aid of the Republic.  And then, at night, after a clay of  zigzagging two hundred miles on the  ocean, the '.Republic sent the welcome  word to the Baltic that they were '  close together. The lookouts on the  ships could see nothing, but the wireless operators knew. And so the passengers of the Republic were saved by  means of wireiess telegraphy.  This splendid rescue brought the  \\~c of wirelesS for saving life well  before the world. Shipowners at once  began to see the necessity of having  their vessels fitted with it. Marconi  had fully proved his right to the honor  of saving life.  The following year, after Ihe saving  of the Republic, wireless telegraphy  was [Hit to still another use. In the  autumn of that year an Ameiicin inventor named Weliman set out in his  dirigible balloon, patriotically called  America, to cross the Atlantic. in  theory Ihe idea was good ; in practice  it went wrong. Presently Wclhuari and  his band of devoted In lpers found  themselves drifting aimlessly about  over the wide. Atlantic, with auparcnt-  ly little hope of rescue. But the wireless operator with ihe balloon^ succeeded ill calling aid to the stricken  airship.  This was one of the first cases where  two of the marvels of the age��������� wireless telegraphy and airships���������came into cotifect. Since then wireless telegraphy has been adapted to all sorts  anil sizes of air crnft.  While the Republic was the instance  which first drew attention to the  powers of wireless, the story of the  Titanic excels it in drama. On its  midden voyage aero.-'.-* the Atlantic  this gigantic liner shuck an icelmrc  in mid ocean on the night <>i April  H,  I9J2.  On board were 2,201 passengers and  crew, *,yhilc the vessel itself had cost  well over one million pounds to build.  Yet in a moment she became a helpless wreck.  The wireless operator sent his call  for help broadcast into tbe air, and  it was answered by the Carpathia,  which vessel steamed as quickly ae  possible to the rescue. But before she  had reached the scene of the disaster  the Titanic hud sunk. Out of the 2,000  odd human beings 7J2 were saved  from the lifeboats of the ill-fated ves-  scd. And it is quite accurate to say  that, but for the wireless call, most,  if not all of these must have perished  from exposure.  But it is not possible to mention  even all the. most remarkable rescues  effected by wireless. 'iTiere was the  Vulturno, which caught fire 1,000  miles west of the Irish coast, and in  answer to'.the wireless appeal no less  than eleven ships went to the rescue,  saving altogether 5*_'l lives.  Then again, when the Empress of  Ireland was struck by the Stor.-tad it  wireless  call  ended   in   the  saving of  j-152 lives.  i    But the instances are en dies?. And  ! the modern usages of war have multiplied them. Of this period nothing na.  I yet can be written* we must wait till  J lli.' coming flays of peace.  ,     But  brief mention may be made of  1 ill*'   i.u.-ilaniii.   when   704   lives    wpre  A word here ns to the call used--  S. ('). S.���������is not out of place. "C. Q.  I)." the original call for danger was  adapted from the old "all stations."  or general, call of the telegraphy.  But at the first TiiW/iational Wireless  Congress it was suggested mid approved that n bet (..!���������'call was "S. O.  S.." which by its arrangement of dots  and da.-.h'.'.s is different from anv other  call.  "S. O. S." has no special meaning.  It is not intended lo express "Save  our Soiiis!" or anything else equally  dramatic. This call is an international one. and has the same inclining in all language**.  As the number of vessels carrying  wireless equipment increases, so the  peri! f/f the sea grows less. Marconi  lias robbed tin; ocean of much of it'-  terror; Old Neptune in slowly beou**  niuwtltd.���������Krom Answers, London.  wmumimwuBM THE   SUN.    GKAND    FORKS,   B, C.  VOTERS! The B. C. Prohibition Act  I. Closes the Bar, Saloon,  Liquor Store, and  stops treating.  _\ It gives Prohibition to the fullest  powers  oi' the B. C Legislature.  i). It is strong������r than the bills of Alberta and  Manitoba,   which   passed   with   wonderful  majorities.  The Liquor Men know it  prohibits, hence their desperate opposition.  Safeguard the boys'and girls of B. C. and  VOTE FOR THE ACT  On the Dead?  Over in Grand" Forks  the   cemetery   is   used   as   a  park, and tbe  "amateur   poet"   is  getting  in   his  | deadly work on   the   headstones.���������  Republic Journal.  news of m cm  Mrs W. E. Lavender and Miss IT.  Lavender motored to Grand Forks  Tupsday.  Stock   For  Sale���������Fifteen   or sixteen head of cattle, from yearlings to  ���������>ur   yeiirs  old;  some   cows  fresh,  "fliers will   l)e   soon     Apply Dr. G.  V   Averill.  The- Sun, at SI a .year, is superioi'  to any ������2 a year paper printer! in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  wc do not have ro resort to gambling  .schemes to gain now .subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  House to Let���������Empty Aug. [st;  eight rooms- central. Cabinet,  stoves, carpets, blinds, some furni  lure, books, tent, poultry and fine  garden crop for sale; bargain.  Phone' IMS.  Mr nnd   Mrs. J. D. Hobden,  the'  Misses Brooking of Vancouver, and  Mr. Al Frache   motorfd   to   Green  wood on Wednesday.  Tbe 5-1 tli and 102nd battalions  are reported to be on th^ir wny to  the front.  i The Grand Forks Sun, tbe Journal's best Canadian exchange, after  a short suspension, is ;igain shining  brighter than ever. Editor Evans  had a bit of bard luck���������but what  would Grand Forks do without the  Sun?���������Republic Journal.  Cascade News  ' Several thousand trout  fry    from  Open Season  Synopsis of  game  law for Grand  Forks district, 1916:  Grouse  (all   kinds)���������S^pt. 15  to  Bag limit,  12 in one day.  the Gerrard hatcheries were   put   in   XT  Christina lake recently. '     ���������  Ducks���������Sept. 1 to Jan. 31.  A larcc crowd was   in  attendance.     n _    ,   i .    ii      u o.  Geese���������Sept. 1 to March ol.  at a Conservative meeting addressed      -,>,    ,  , -,   t-i /      i      in  h Bhick-tail   'Jeer    (mule   df'or)���������  by Finn. Ernest Miller, member  for -,-,11  J Bucks   only, over   one year   in age,  tin's riding, last Mr.nclav. Y,    ,   -, _ ,\ ���������   -, -  ������ - Sept. 1 to Dec. lo.  Miss Laura Willey has returned White-tail Deer (both sexes) ���������  to her home at Bonnington Falls, 'St.,)t 1 tn Dec J5 Deer must have  after spending tbe school holidays lhp heac| ,pfl on> aB the pfiW0I) in  with.her grandparents at Chrielina' possession of deer must prove i>  ^J'l^e' sex.  The bag limit is not more than  Mrs   A   Carlisle returned Tuesday   three deer of one kind,   or   if   both  For  Up-to-Date Jewellery4'  Goto  Timberlake, Son &> Co.  Newest Styles    ' Gfioice_t Patterns  Lowest Prices  liw/lil  |Ep|IEim.|_i_9^  K  ^^P.y&p  ������  ���������Js:0#  ^������*������������������  ie Quality Jewellers  Bridge Street, Next Telephone Exchange, Gnind Forts  to her home in Grand Forks.  black-tailed   and   white-tailed deer  Mrs. P. MacPharlane, of Trail, is] are killed the limit is four altogether  here   on   a  visit to Mrs. J.'A. Ber-  tois.  Mr. and Mrs. A Ritchie and Mrs  Robert Ritchie left Thursday on a  visit to Mr. and Mrs. \V. A. Ritchie  of Phoenix.  Miss Pearl Stocker of Wenatchee,  Wash., has returned home, after a  visit with her uncle, G. K. Stocker.  Mr. and Mrs. I. A. Mitchie, who  were recently married in Battleford,  Sask., have arrived on a visit to  relatives here.  Alex Wilkinson,of Chistina Lake,  ieft on Saturday for England,, where,  lie will enlist for active service.  Mrs. A. A. Morrison, who has accepted a position as school teacher  at Graham Landing, left Tuesday  with her children.  Mr. and    Mrs. ft   Davis, Mr. and  Cariboo (male only)���������Sept. 1 to  Dec. 15.  Bear���������Open season all year round  Fur bearing Animals���������Nov. 1 to  April 30, 1917.  Close season on prairie chicken,  quail, ring-neck pheasants, meadow  larks, doves and other  small   birds.  Birds of Prey���������Crows and kingfishers, fish-ba.wks, fish-duck's, etc,  are not protected.  No game may be sold except  bear.  A German spy caught red-handed  was on his way to be shot. "I think  you Englishmen are brutes," he  growled, "to m_'rch me through this  rain and slush " "Well," said the  "Tommy" who was escorting him,  "What about me! I have lo go  back in it."  And now is the time to think of  summer wearables. We can supply  your Wants, and, remember, all at .Reduced  Prices, so naturally it is to your advantage to  do your shopping here.  en s Summer  ���������  \ ���������    j      Everythiii''  iirmshmgs to ..lake a  man cool and comfortable even during the approaching hot weather. Light weight summer  underwear, outing shirts, cashmere, worsted and  cotton socks.  ^eady'  Hiata  service  en's Smart Softs ^^J  young men, made of line worsteds, mohairs, cheviots and summer serges. Latest style and workmanship.   It's natural you should want the best.  Let  us   fill your grocery orders for the  C3  coming    month.     Good    rroocls.    Good  ,ow prices. Prompt delivery.  PHONE 30  EVERYTHING TO EAT AND WEAR  Dates of Fall Fairs  Th'1 rlepartrnerifc of agriculture   has  issued the following fall fair dates for  the season of 1 91(3:  Circuit 3 ���������  Cbilliwiick, September 13-lo.  Al'lergrove, September 15.  Mataqui, September 1 fi.  Langley, Septembei  19  Riuhmond, September 19-20.  Hurquitlain, September _l.  Circuit 4���������  Rarriere, September 13.  Hpflejy Creek, September 1-1-15.  Pritchard, September 19.  Kamloops, September 20-22.  Salmon Arm, September 22 23.  Kelowna, September 2(5 27.  Armstrong, Sept. 2S-Oct. 2.  Eagle River (Malakwa). October 3.  Circuit 5���������  Gateway. September 3.  Cranbrook, September 6-7.  Windemere. Septembei" 13 LI.  Go?den, September 15.  Fruitvale, Septoinber IS.  Trail, September 19-20.  Nelson, September 20 22.  Boswell, September 22.  Grand Forks, September 2o-2G.  Greenwood, September 27.  Circuit 6���������  Revelstoke, September 21-22.  Ilobson, September 25.  Slocan City, September 26.  New Denver, September  27-28.  Burton, September 30.  Needles, October 3-4.  Arrow Lake (Nakusp), Oct. 4-5.  Creston, October 7.  Circuit 7���������     ��������� -���������'  ���������'������������������ -  Nicola, October 6.  Penticton, October 9-10.-- v ���������--���������-.--  Summerland, ..October 11-12. '*.''���������  Kalamalka (Oyaina), October H.  Addressing Mail  to Soldiers  In order to facilitate '.the handling  of mail at the front arid to insure  prompt delivery it is requested that  all mail be. addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name,  (d) Squadron, battery or company  (0)   Battalion,   regiment   (or   other  unit), stall'   appointment   or    department.  (f)  Canadian Contingent  fi.')   British Expeditionary Force,  (b)   Army Post,  London,  .England  LI n necessary    mention    of     higher  formations, such as brigades, dvisions,  is strictly forbidden, and causes delay  The Sun is the largest and best  now;-pa per printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  halt' that of its local contemporaries.  Ji is a valuable advertising medium  ht'enuse its large subscription list  bus been obtained, nnd is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. Jt uses no indireel or  questionable methods to secure siib-  sceribers.  Poultrymen  Improve Your  Flocks  For Sale���������Fifty S.U.White  Leghorn Cockerels. Bred  for egg production only.  Your choice at #2.00 each.  J. A. rJTWcCALLUM,  (JKAND FORKS,  I!. ('.  Has  a  full stock of Groceries---Fruits  and  Vegetables m season���������at RIGHT PRICES  Try Our Blue RibLon |Tea at 45c per Pound  None Better  Phone 85 First Street Grand Forfcs  A skillful flatterer never'u'ants for  material or lacks results.  Yale  Barber.Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  -J:';    f yy/y^-T^  P. A.   Z. ,PARE,   Proprietor  Yam? rio'i'Kb, First Stkket  *>.-  .=-    ,     .    |V������_5  ndependesit Brand  ec  ooks  Made in Toronto. The  b^st counter check books  on .the. market today.  Eastern Prices  Em  R  PICTURES .  AND PICTURE FRAMING.  niture   Mafic   to  Order.  Also Repairing'of all Kinds.  Upholstering   NeatK*   Done.  CMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  We have a" two years'  contract to handle these  books. Call and see samples  At Tfie'Son Office  . The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one 'whose attention you wish  to  attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read l>v the he.idof  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKK   your   repuirs  to   Ai'iiison, shoe   re  pairer.    Tho   Hub.    l.oolr.  for. the   Riir  Bool.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  UUiHKsT CASH PUIoKS ixiul for old Stove  I I and Kiuih;os. K. C. Peclcliiim, Second-  liniul Store.  rSBNTTO YOU FROM  :   -���������   ENGLAND  ���������  * YOU (mil have cither of these latest. London  J N'lvel'i**-* sent to you from  Kiu-lanil by  ��������� lio'imi Mnil.    '1'liniiMiiiiils of other useful  ��������� iriieles you can obtain in the .same wivy. ,  * l']vi'ryoiie in litigland and in the lirittsli  I Army and Nnvy is wearing a  - - -YW- ���������  M  PROTECTED  WRIST  S>'-;.-''s?V ���������  ���������  4  ���������  TO-DAY J  II we ask you  ���������  now, and ymi ���������  tlip   li.ilniii'i- J  wl.i'ii  .von - ivui-i\i!   I lie ���������  wiiti-li���������look nl I In- li������-:ii!- *  ^ Sj.'i'.K^'.X  A'Jf'.'rW   wiiti-li���������look ni iiH-iifiii!- ;  P~������i������^z!&%h\V'Jjp pnp-iiveil r.l.-C- mill o|.lll-  *  ���������   S'''-r;'i'Ji'������-:^'f/       ennnifllfl dial���������ii is 11 umi- J  <X* #������-M.. imiii fin.    f] fiinr-i in   nn\   rd|.   '  inn'Mini'for   0 .veins in nil,- rli-  miitc���������il lui-Inniiiio'iis Imiiil-   whirl.  .     , alum tlie ��������� lu.r-   in  ili<-  dark, nnd  ,1a-  prifD i������ only 45/-.    It is a hi^h cias.- | km. ninr ii.i. w.u,-I,  ���������,,.������������������,"'  i   Liiily   or  a   n-'iilli'iiian.      Wri'f    I'm'         ��������� . v.  on d<-lk,:'v   '7.T'"?"1' 0r<i"' ',l1'" s-'��������� '" '' I"V I'ldai "- -iO - 'O O I .  icumy,    C������lnlofiiicof nllionmiid oilier useful novi I n- |m-i ne,  __    WAR   SOUVENIR   ti^������m  A tn'w Wm di'-JLoi, Hit; iii'.i i'l , in  :/���������  '''���������������������������' \sr -  CVTA'.OGUc  l*'l'"* t <  UIIJ"    ������i!f]r04.1  ;w  Mnyli-b Ijiiiiiui, tin' l rtiiil in-" |> en ai <  f/isliifin, Xitviil Aiiclinr d(!>|M-ii ��������� n_r;i v. ii \\ ji li '  any \Mirdin'; i.oi  e.\ciei!ii'^   l'j let ii.-.   such ;  a������-"/.Mr   from    'Jrit,"      ��������� Jui:   to    Avfi." \  ���������'Tom In Vn/'/irr."     11 ali-mii, Ico.l Sil'. Ol', C - ���������.  Gold, 15/-.  Post fiee toui.y | an of t In- \m ��������� ?��������������� J  ' ���������       _  'Mi  -'=*!  it-  ���������.I!'  1  H  l'|  i  n  ia


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