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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Aug 6, 1915

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 Kettle Valley Orcha'Vdist  vT "Si*  tfOUETEENTH YEAR-^-No, 40  GRAND FORKS,  B. C, FRIDAY, AUGUST 6, 1915  SI.00 PER YEA]?  P  OF THE BIG  . The patriotic demonstration in  the curling rink on Wednesday  evening, August 4���������tbe anniversary  of the declaration of the great war���������  was largely attended and a program  of patriotic speeches and musical  numbers was successfully carried  out. Interspered among the speeches, a number of patriotic songs were  rendered, included in which were  '."���������GodiSave the King," "The Marseillaise," "The Maple Leaf Forever," "Rule Britannia," the national song of Russia, and the chorus of  ���������"Tipperary," the latter -being rendered by a mere child, dressed in  the uniform of a sailor from H. M.  S. Liori.  Mayor Gaw, who presided over  the meeting, made a splendid opening address. He considered that  Grand Forks, for its size, was the  most patriotic city in the province,  and he was proud to be a citizen of  it. Instead of raising money for  one machine gun, a sufficient sum  to .purchase two had been collected  in one day. He gave the Daughters  of the Empire and the ladies of the  city full credit for this magnificent  result. He also praised the ladies  of the Red . Cross society for the  many sacrifices they were undrgoing  in order to devote as much time as  possible to making of useful articles  for the soldiei'3 at the front. The  Canadian soldier had proved himself to be the bravest of the brave,  and anything that would ameliorate  his hardships and add to bis comforts should be done by the civilian  population. At the conclusion of  his speech, Mr. Gaw read a telegram from Hon. Martin Burrell,  ^minister of agriculture, saying that  ��������� he took much pleasure in contribut-  ^*v* -    .  .. .-  ���������Virtig "50 toward the machine gun  .fjund. The 'announcement" of this  donation Was received with much  enthusiam.  . 'iNeil McCallum, who followed the  mayor, offered the following resolution, which was unanimously adopted by the audience giving rousing  cheers and a tiger:  '���������Resolved, That on the anniver-  siry of the declaration of a righteous  war, this meeting of: the citizens  of Grand Forks records its inflexible  determination to continue to a victorious end the struggle in maintenance of those ideals of liberty aud  justice which are the common and  sacred cause of the allies."  Mr. McCallum, in presenting the  resolution, outlined the position of  .Britain at the commencement of the  war and her obligations to take up  arms in tbe interest of freedom.  Notwithstanding the sacrifices, sufferings and loss, she went   into   the  j ing, he stated that Britain had unlimited means for carrying on the  war, and all that was necessary  to hasten.victory was a compliance  with Lord Kitchener's request for  more men.  ��������� W. M. DeCew, president of the  board of trade, seconded the resolution:. Mr! DeCew spoke at considerable.- He was gratified j with  the liberal manner in which the citizens had responded to the appeal for  donations to tbe machine gun fund,  and complimented the committee,  especially the lady members, for the  enthusiastic interest they had taken  in the work. He recited some of  the acts of cruelty and vandalism  committed by the enemy in the  present war, and maintained that a  treaty of peace was unthinkable unless victory was on the side of the  allies. The Canadian soldier, he  said, was equal in courage to the  troops from any part of tbe empire.  Draft to Front From .54th  Vernon, B. C, Aug.. 2.���������There  are some heartburnings in fhe central mobilization " camp tonight.  Everybody wants te go on i,he next  overseas draft cud only 850 men are  called for. The 54th battalion will  send C company under the command of Lieut. Tooker. Each of  the three infantry battalions will  send 250 men and the 11th Canadi-  an'Mounted Rifles will send1 its sec  ond draft of 50.men.- With Lieut.'  Tooker in the 54th draft will go  Lieutt. Woodward, Audy and Ra  phael of Vancouver, and Lieut. D.  A,. McQuarrie of "Nelson.  Lieut. J. McNeil will go in com-,  mand of the 47th'battalion's detachment, whose officers and men will  be selected in a few days. The officers of the 62nd battaliatvdratt will  consist of Lieuts. W. S.Marshall,  A-E. S. Lane, H. M Kitchen, G. H.  Scharsmidt and S. E.Workman. In  each infantry detachment there are  232 men, five lieutenant, eight sergeants and"; eight' corporals. The  total of 850 includes 50 men from  the Canadian army service corps.  Col. Duff Stuart today confirmed  the report of mobilization of a pioneers' battalion to do work in the  battle zone similar to that of the en  gineers. Col. Hodgins of Victoria  will be in command and Capt. Mac-  donnell of the 11th C M. R. will he  promoted to the rank of a major and  second In command.  LECTS officer  Tbe annual meeting of the South  Yale Mining-company, owning the  Sunset mine, near Princeton, which  was held at the company's office in  this city lastiSaturday, was well attended. The following officers and  directors were elected: President,  Oscar Lachmund; vice president,  Fred W. McLaine; secretary-treasurer, J. A. McCallum; directors,  Oscar Lachmund, Fred W. McLaine, J. J. Coles, Judge I. H. Hal-  let, J. A. McCallum^  tended visit to her old   home, Rose-  dale, Toronto, Ont.  John Leamy has purchased W. J.  Penrase's residence near Holy  Trinity church.  Mr. and Mrs. W.- J. Penrose and  family will leave in a few day's for  Los Angeles, Cal., where tKey will  locate permanently if they can find  a nice, productive -orange grove  within five minutes' walk of the  post office lit a reasonable price.  Failing in this quest, they will return as far north as Victoria. The  Sun would not be surprised to see  them back in this city in six  months. Mr. Penrose has been a  resident of Grand Forks for the past  twenty years, and the citizens will  learn with regret of the intended  departure of himself and his estimable family for the south: Their  friends wish' them success and happiness wherever they may decide to  make their home,  200,000  115,000  50,000  35,000  The first free delivery of mail .on  Grand.Forks rural route No. Ij running out of this city to Carson on  the south side of the river and returning . by way of Frache Bros.'s  greenhouses; was made last Monday forenoon by R. Mann, who has  the contract to carry the mails on  this route. Tbe mail on this route  will be delivered and collected  daily, except Sundays. As a ��������� result  of the inauguration of this service,  the post office at Carson has been  discontinued.   .'-���������������������������.  Fruit Crop Report  The 1915  fruit crop estimates, as  compared with last year's total   pro  duction, are as follows.  1914        1915  Apples, boxes 684,840    613,000  Pears, boxes  28.800     35,000  Plums and prunes,  .crates 200,300  Peaches, crates 113,300  Apricots, crates ... 41,000  Cherries, crates.... 33,200  Small fruits, crts .145,000 *16o,000  *Pint crate used in place of 4 5  and 2-5 quarts used in 1914 makes  more crates for about equal production of crop.  The June "drop," reported from  normal to heavy, has not materially  affected pasi estimates; in fact,  growers state it has decreased the  necessity of thinning in some cases.  This should not, however, discourage lurther thinning where ii is necessary, as there will not be much  demand for No. 3's. f&,  " Due to the large amount of scab  and aphis injury on the apples in  many parts of the province, and  to hail injury in several sections, tbe percentage of No. 1 apples will be below that of last year.  Peach leaf curl has decreased* %the  prospects for peaches considerably,  but the production will be equal if  not greater than that of 1914. The  estimates for apricots and peaches  show increases; but   tbe   failure   of  11 ikpi y  ALL ITS FURNACES  ���������   The big furnace at the Greenwood  smelter  should   give   an  output at  the rate of slightly over five million  pounds  of  copper a   year, says the  New York   Mining  Age.    A second  furnace will no doubt be  blown  in  very soon.   This will bring the production up to double this figure.   A  third furnace is usually held  in   reserve, but, with the prevailing  high  prices of copper, it is quite  on   the  cards that an attempt   will be made  to bring this into   operation, with a  view of still  further increasing   the  company's  output.!* From a metallurgical standpoint there is no neces-  fity   of   keeping   this furnace idle.  Its   utilization   is   only  dependent  upon an ample supply of ore.   With  three   furnaces   working, tbe .company should be able to turn out   between   14,000,000   and    15.000,000  pounds of copper per year.    Operating profits from one furnace   would  be at the race of about ������30,000   per  month,  or   say   ������350,000 per year,  with copper at 20  cents  per pound  and estimating production (co3ts  at  13 cents per pound.    Twov.fumaoes  will, of course, double this figure.  The Germans Take Warsaw  The Germans are in possession of  Warsaw, capital of Poland and tbe  third   largest   city   in "the   Russian  ;        ������������������    .    ��������� ,    empire.      Bavarian   troops   entered  any   canning,  lactones to operate        "<-.     ��������� . .  Manitoba Finances  Shortage left by   Roblin  government 8  1,090,000  Actual   deficit  of  province last year      1,400,000 j Galium  Outstanding     accounts  May 15, 1915     1,012,099  Public debt of provioca.  27,323,273  Contingent liabilities of  province...  27,000,000  These are the  outstanding   findings of a preliminary report on   the  A meeting of representative Liberals from " the provincial electoral  districts of Grand Forks, Greenwood, Similkameen and South  Okanagan, comprising the new federal district of Yale, will be held in  Penticton on Friday, August 13.  The purpose of tbe meeting is to  talk over federal affairs and protia  bly to decide upon a date for a nominating convention. Senator Bostook  will be present, and this city will be  j represented by Neil  aud J.  A.   Me-  finances   of   the   province made by  war with the full   determination   to j Price, Waterhouse &  Co.,   the    well  conquor the enemy at any   cost and   known firm   of   chartered   account-  accomplish   the   world's    freedom. I ants, who were commissioned, upon  Britain's ability to carry out her un-  the charge   of   the   government, to  .dertakings in the history of the past  make an   audit   of  the   public   ac-  Iwas dwelt on to some   extent,   with .counts.    One purpose of   the  audit  !"'an   assurance that the  present war' was   to   show   }be actual  financial  must necessarily   be   brought  to   a standing.of the province on May 15,  successful termination by the allies,   when the Xorris   government   took  The high compliment   paid   by   the office.  British   officials  to   the   Canadians:      was eloquently and forcibly set, ' Many a fool has worked himself  forth. Tbe speaker referred with to death trying to earn money to  emphasis to the valor and fortitude keep up the premiums on his life in-  of the Canadian soldiers.    In olos- surance.  J. W. Logan, who has relieved  Manager Spink of the '.loyal in this  citp on several oecations, is now in  a hospital at Vernon, having undergone a serious .surgical operation.  His condition is reported to bo ini  proving.  m  will result in an iucrease to the marketed freSh. Last year 40 percent  of the 41,000 crates of apricots grown  were shipped frssh and tbe bulk of  the balance w������s canned.  The crop reports from the northwestern states show a crop about GO  per cent of last year's production.  In the eastern states and Ontario  similar decreases are reported,  while Nova Scotia's crop will exceed that of 1914 by 25 per cent.  Vegetable Crop Conditions.���������The  following vegetable acreages are  given as compared with 1914:  1914        1915  Potato, acreage    13,350      lo.UOU  Onions,       "    .....       396 440  Tomatoes   "            455 2S0  215  580  70  the condition of all  vegetables is reported better than at  this time last year. The unirrigated  uplands of the interior, owing to the  heavy and continuous rainfall, will  give much larger yields than last  year, while, in a few cases, the  low-  Cabbage  Beans  Celery  In  u  225  575  58  the city Thursday morning, having  taken successively the Blonie lines  and the outer and inner fortresses of  the town itself, the Russians only  fighting rearguard actions to allow  their main army to make good,.i#ts-  escape. While to tne Bavarian"  commander, Prince Leopold, has  fallen the honor of taking over Warsaw in the name of the kaiser and  his consort, who are expected to  make a state entry within a few-  days, the real conquerors are the.  troops fighting under Field Marshal  von Hindenburg along the Narew  river to the northeast, tin: Austro-  Germaus who crossed the Vistula to  the south of the city and the armies  of the Austrian Archduke Joseph  l< erdinand and Field Marshal von  Mackenzen.  Special  A series of special evangelistic  meetings will he held in the opera  bouse, beginning Sunday, the  15th, at 8 p.m Rev. Lawrence Stephens,   of   Spokane,    who    visited  Howard Garualtk of V uncoilver,  part owner of the Gloucester group  of mineral claims in Gloucester  camp, arrived in the city last Saturday, and remained here until Tuesday, when he returned lo the  coast.  "The Greatest Fight iu the  World" is the theme of Rev. Charles  VV. King's Sunday evening addrc.-s  in the Baptist church.  anils have been Hooded, causing j Grand Forks the first of tbe week,  partial loss of the crop. No insect .and "comes under the Christiun Mis-  pests or diseases of importance on j sion Brotherhood of Washington  the vagetables are present yet If State, will be the speaker, lie will  favorable conditions continue, the be accompanied by Prof. Mell, of  total production of vegetables should the music departmant of the Spokane university, who will conduct  the sonii paJt of the services and  make   it an  attractive   part of th--  exceed last year by 15 per cent.  CUSTOMS RECEIPTS  meetings.  1>. It. Gilpin, customs ollieer at tliit-  port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts at the  I various   sub-customs    oflices,   as    ro-  Mr. Stephens is well spoken of  as  .a messenger   of   "the glad tidings"  land speaker of  ability.     Rev. M.J.  Davis,   of   the   Central     Christian  Miss Stark, sister  of   Mrs  (.'.   W.  King,   has   returned   from   an   ex  ported to tlie ehief oiJice   in this   i.-ity, : church, Spokane,   says:    "llev. Ste  for the month of   .July, 1915: phens is an evangelist of rare ability  Grand  Forks    83.091.60  and a great teacher of the Word.".  P'l0enix         7.?i-}!0 [     All the churches are   cordiallvin-  Carson  113.12:   .,   ,. ...... ���������  ,     "     .  QWfl(Ujp .,] cjy , vited to unite in this special    work,   < and a welcome-will  be   extended to  #-"���������  ..Ul  ������-1,21'I, S9   everybody. She  sun,  'graotT forks,  b. cl1  A GOOD CHEW IN A CLEAN 'WRAPPER.  10 CENTS PER.PLUG-  and the Farm  Make the Farm Home Attractive and  Keep the   Boy  There  A few years ago a young man J  know of wrote to his father somewhat  as follows:  "1 would like to-sec what I could do  with the old farm. If you will let mo  come, I will do my best to make it the  Jinest place in the neighborhood."  As the father was slipping over the  hilltop of life, and needed just such  help as that, you may well imagine  it-did not lake long for him to write  an answer to that letter, and perhaps  it may not be difficult to guess something about the contents of the same.  men and women? Why is it ever said  that the young folks leave the farm  just the minute they can, when they  might be kept where they are so much  needed if they grew up really knowing what the farm is and may be to  the life of Ihe community and the  world? Is it possible to over-estimate  the influence of such a home as this?  I do not think so.���������Edgar L- Vincent,  in the Canadian Countryman.  Silage Substitute  On  Small   Farms  Root Crops May be  Used  as a  Substitute  On  large  farms,  succulent  feed  is  provided in the form of ensilage.' On  smaller farms, or where there  is no  silo, root crops, such as mangels, ruta-  That young man had been educated! bagas and stock carrots, may be used  for a teacher, having spent five yeavrSvilh profit as a substitute-  Silage is  in preparation for the work at a state  normal school. He had been at the  head of a high school for some time  after being graduated, and had made  a good record; but the call of the old  place was in his ears. He did not  enjoy being shut up in a school room  all day, and he kept thinking or the  good times he used to have back there  with his  father among the  hills.  I have, been watching that young  man and the old place ever since; and  it js my opinion that he has kept his  promise, and has indeed done a fine  piece ol" work on the old farm. It produces a good deal more than it used  to; a number of buildings have been  added and the old ones made, better.  But the thing I wish to emphasize  just now is the force that moved this  young man to leave a good position  where he was.doing good work to take  ' up the steady, everyday work of the  farm. It is my opinion, bas'ed on what  I know of the family, that the father  and mother of the boy put something  into his life on the farm that made it  impossible for him to be contented  with any other business in his later  years.  From the start the father had a  strong faith in good farm machinery  as a link between the boys and the  country. He had all kinds of tools to  do the work with. For example, he  brought the first drop reaper into the  neighborhood, and the first binder the  community could boas': was to be  found on his farm;-nobody had a grain  drill before he did;, he planted his  corn with a horse planter long before  most of we others waked up to the  worth of such ��������� n implement; in his  barn was to be found the first hay carrier seen in our district.  And hoys take to this kind of a  thing. They enjoy doing farm work  when the team and a machine are  helping out. There is an inspiration to  young men in machinery of all kinds.  They may want to inves igate every  part, perhaps to the taking apart of  the different pieces to see how the  thing is put together; and the knowledge they gain thus comes in good  play when anything goes wrong. Many  a broken part can be mended by an ingenious young fellow, right at home,  and the dollars saved for something  else.  But the father did not do all that  was done to make the old place attractive. The mother ordered and had set  out the first clematis that the farmer  folks of that locality ever saw- After  it began to bloom, people rii.ing along  would stop to ask what the flower  was; and it' was not long before in  that valley other porches were shaded  by the same lovely leaves and blossoms. She fixed up the boy's room  just af* nicely as any room in the  house. * He had his own table, bureau  with a big looking glass, easy chairs,  books and pictures.- His bed had a  nice, easy set of springs, and as good  a mattress as any the home afforded.  Down stairs there was an organ, and  the boy took lessons. Why should he  want tt> go away from home, when he  had so many pretty and helpful things  right where he could put his hand on  them? No wonder he grew up with a  big love for the old home in his heart!  It was a pleasure to see them together around the place. Usually th?.  farmer and his boy were close together; and there were not many things  the father knew that the boy was not  told. He asked questions as nobody  but a boy can. and the father sometimes couldn't answer them. But he  never let the question go unanswered.  If he did not. know, he said: "We'll  liml out about that today noon-" And  he did not forget.  Finding out these things pointed tha  way lo the finest lot of books to be  found in the home of any man in the  country for miles in every direction.  .The father got some good lumber out  of an old cherry tree on the place, and  made a good set of book shelves. An  old bedroom was turned into a library  room, and father's room became the  rallying point for the young folks of  the home, as well as for the boys and  girls of the country round about.  When in doubt on any point, or when  in need of a book on any subject, "Go  down  lo   13 's  house;   they've  got  everything," was the advice given.  The motl.er, who in her young womanhood had been a high school teacher, spent her time freely in helping the  boys of her own home and other boys  and girls who came with their studies.  Their home was a lighthouse in the  community.  Seems to hie.this slory carries its  own moral. Why should not every  farm home he a nursery for fine young  W.  N.  U.  1058  produced almost entirely with machine labor. Roots require a good deal  of hard labor, but entail little or no  extra expenses" for machinery.  Ten tons of roots per acre���������about  the amount that can be grown on land  that will yield 50 bushels of corn to  the acre is not a profitable crop, but  20, or even 25" tons may easily be secured under good ' management, and  will pay well.'  Experience shows that a definite  system of cropping should be arranged  so that one may be preparing for his  root crop a year or more ahead. Heavy  manuring, followed by a crop of potatoes that can be cultivated with horse  labor, will result in a good crop of  potatoes, will enrich the soil, destroy  weeds," and leave the soil in good shape  for a.root crop.  Mangels, as a rule, are the best  roots to grow. They should be planted in rowSjfrom 2 feet to 30 inches  apart, to allow for cultivation with a  horse. From S to 12 pounds of seed  will be required for an acre. The  seed should be planted about corn-  planting time, or very soon after, on  deep-plowed, thoroughly disked and  pulverized soil. The cultivation at  first can be done with a wheel hand-  hoe, later with a horse and fine tooth  cultivator. When the plants are from  2 to 3 inches high, they should be  thinned by chopping crosswise of the  row. with a good sharp hoe, leaving  little bunches of plants from 6 to 10  inches apart. These bunches should  then by hand be thinned to one plant.  After that a large part of the cultivation can be done with "a horse cultivator.  Twenty tons of roots will furnish 20  pounds of roots per day for 10 cows  for 200 days. Roots are not only valuable for dairy cows, but are just as  valuable for-young stock and brood  sows.  Canadian Horses and War  Light Saddle Horses Giving Way to  tho Heavy Draught Type  The English government agents  who are buying horses in Canada  for the war express an opinion that  the heavy or draught horses there  are not only more numerous but are  also more suitable for the purpose  indicated than are those intended  for the cavalry. The lighter type of  steeds do not seem to be bred on  so large a scale as formerly. An  explanation put forward is that what  may be termed riding ^horses are  not so much in request at the present time in Canada, as many people who used to ride a great deal  now use motor cars, which are obtained pretty cheaply. The long  Canadian winter, too, does not serve  specially to encbuarge the equestrian habit- In some parts, of course,  the hack is still more or less indispensable; men once addicted to saddle exercise do not readily give it  up. They appreciate its value notably from" a health point of view.  That these agents should have found  a certain shortage of horses suitable  for riding���������that is, well bred, and  broken, with good mouth and manners���������does not appear to surprise the  native experts, who are familiar with  the situation as briefly outlined. On  the other land, the heavy horses are  spoken of in terms of commendation.  They are capable of doing a great  deal of work; they are honest and  enduring, generally sound enough;  ..nil, when brought into ' something  approaching hard condition, they  may be relied upon, as the saying  is, to "pull their load."���������British Live  Stock Journal.  His Application  "Mere's a Swiss named Egg who  lives in New York petitioning to have  his name changed."  "Sort of an egg shake, eh! What's  the trouble?"  "He and his* wife have four children, and his family is constantly referred to as 'the half-dozen Kggs.' Ho  claims his yolk is too heavy to be  borne."  "Why doesn't he lay for his tormentors?"  "It appears that he did once and  got beaten, whipped to a froth. Poor  Egg could  hardly scramble .home."  War Test ot' the Submarine  For  has  the  the  Submerged   Fighting  Craft  Better  Offensive .Than   DeT-susve  Work  Tha part which the submaii'io  taken in the -war hilheno and  losses which it has indicted upon  belligerent navies shows that the seamen are learning from tli2 experience  they obtain with the new wi-apon. In  all 'the navies skill, enterprise and activity arc to be expected 'from those  charged with their handling, and it  would be unwise to minimize either  the significance or the importance of  reverses brought about by them.  It was^always assumed- that the  submarine would prove invaluable as  a defensive weapon in its own waters.  Yet- this is exactly where the operations of the present war have not  yet demonstrated its value. It has  not been able to prevent hostile .vessels from- appearing ��������� off its own  coasts and operating in those waters.  Not yet, so far as we know, has any  vessel been torpedoed by a defending  submarine in the vicinity of her own  ports where the enemy ship was manoeuvring for the purpose of a recom-  naisance or a raid. High speed has  always in such cases been the answer  to the submarine.  It is in the waters away from its  own coasts that the submarine has  scored its greatest successes. It has  shown that it can travel long distances and can find its quarry in the  waters of the enemy. This it has  been able to do, apparently, quite independently of- parent craft, and in  spite of many obstacles. It has been  sometimes assumed that a neafTTy  base was necessary for the replenishment of ammunition, fuel or food or  that from some outside source it must  obtain these supplies. The later  achievements of the submarines seem  to show, however, that they can remain away from their base for very  long periods, certainly for three weeks  and .perhaps for a month at a time.  It is not only that the range of .action  runs to sometiiing like 3,000 miles,  but by remaining at the bottom of the  sea during daytime the experienced  officer can husband his resources'and  lengthen the period over-which the  mobility of" the submarine lasts. By  coming up at night he can obtain air,  water can be condensed and, as the  records of arctic exploration prove,  food for a month for 20 men can be  carried in a very small compass. He  can remain under water for somethinglike 24 hours. Thus, the submarine, having arrived in hostile waters,  can watch for a convenient Opportunity ,to perform its work.���������London  Times.'  Granulated ������ye!ids,  Eyes inflamed by expo������  sure to Sun, Dusiand Wind  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  SaIveinTubes2Sc.ForBooIioflhcEycFrceask  Druggists oi Murine Eye Hemedy Co., Chicago  Safety First in  Poultry Raising  Conditions Necessary to Ensure Success in the Poultry Business  To produce poultry that will meet  the present day high "standard of quality requires business-like attention to  the essential things that t3nd to influence the proper growth and keep  the flock in such condition as to keep  production proportionately great  throughout the ���������-whole year. That  great success can be attained in small  flocks .on comparatively small spaces  has been repeatedly demonstrated.  Of course, there are a number of  very essential considerations*that may  make or mar success, but we believe  failure is due in more cases to neglect to avoid difficulties than by lack  of attention to furnish what may be  generally termed every day essentials.  The poultryman who raises birds to  show wants to produce something that  will outclass his rival's birds at the  time of the show and the market poultry-man wishes to produce more marketable eggs and poultry of prime  quality to secure the top prices for  his product. He who can produce his  goods out of the regular season in as  vigorous and thrifty condition as those  produced during the natural season  has gained an advantage that his rivals cannot make up on him.  In considering any aspect of poultry  work we believe it wise to most carefully consider the season's work and  plan in advance the possibilities with  the available material and conditions  and on a most conservative basis  make preparation to carry out the  plan by taking all the precautions that  will avoid the difficulties frequently  seen where poultry is kept.  Generally some objective is the incentive to any special effort during  the season. It may be some special  show at the end of the year or a group  of shows. It may be to supply winners for customers or perhaps to fur  nish early broilers or soft roasters or  to get eggs early at the season when  prices are high and in consequence  obtain a much bigger return. Whatever the results desired it is necessary  to plan a sufficient time ahead to be  .���������jure of accomplishing what is wanted  with some allowance for shrinkage or  failure on the hoped-for results.  If seasons wore all identical one  could plan to get tho same results  with the same treatment year after  year, but conditions vary so that ordinarily the crop is materially affected  by any deviation from the regular season. The shortage of early chickens  last fall war. a marked example of this  fact.  Before starting tho season's hatching, which is usually the big factor in  the year's work, the condition of the  breeders must have the closest consideration. Here -is in.volv.ed the task  of having the breeders in the pink of  condition when the hatching eggs are  to he secured. The best eggs for this  purpose will be secured from the  hens when they are in tlie best physical condition. If they are run down  from too much showing or from forcing for egg production they will not  become physically fit until well on' in  the season. We would consider it  easier to hatch chicks in December  if the breeders were in fine fit' then  and carry them through a month more  of winter weather than to hatch in  January from the same birds'if they  had lost their'snap. The chick's with  one month less of winter to go through  with a weaker start would be harder-  to handle than the sturdier chicks out,  of eggs laid when the hens were most  physically fit.  So much is dependent on the good  qualities of the male that we consider  oni of the first considerations of safety is the selection of the male. Me  cannot be too good, either, from a  standpoint of the productiveness of his  parents or his own constitutional vigor. We believe this to be true no matter what branch of poultry work is  contemplated, fancy or utility. A  weak, well finished male may produce  something nice mated with strong females, but it takes the most careful after-selection to keep up the vigor and  prevent the lowering of the vitality of  the progeny on account of the introduction of.the bird-lacking vitality. As  a'general plan wc consider' it wise  to select the very best type of male  and mate to him such females as.will  affect his faults by the qualities they  may show that he is lacking. At the  same time it is a help to remember  that the more nearly alike two birds  are the more nearly alike should the  progeny be. Great extremes cannot  produce a groat proportion of similarity .and require longer careful breeding to: utilize the original trails of  value in both specimens.  Having our breeders selected it is  advisable to make sure that their environment is all that could be desired  to give all the natural comfort they  need to keep them" vigorous and capable of reproducing themselves in the  largest possible way. By this wc do  not mean that lavish expense must be  made for the birds- Very frequently  the simple cenditions are much more  result-getting than extravagant conditions, and require less production to  make a profit.  The housing must be of a nature  to provide great abundance of fresh  air and sunlight at all times of the  year. The temperature is not important, but the birds must be protected  from stormy winds and be well  well protected when on the roosts at  night. Males that we carry over the  winter get out every day and most of  "the time have nothing but snow for  drinking water. We know of no method that has made hardier, sturdier  breeders than this rough treatment.of  the males. ���������  While the male is half the pen, the  best male that could be secured could  not possibly produce 'dependable, stock  unless the females were also of a high  calibre. Good females with good males  that will mate well with them make  the best selection for building up a  sturdy flock.  Having the pens, selected and mated  and everything in order so that they  will be in good condition to produce  eggs that are capable of hatching  strong, sturdy chicks it becomes necessary to plan ahead so as to have  everything in readiness to give these  chicks every opportunity of making  the best growth. '''With the early  hatches it is necessary to provide conditions that will as much as possible  furnish those elements that make  them thrive in the natural seaion.  We believe it possible to mention  these in a single sentence. They need  sanitary quarters, clean feed of the  right properties, lots of sunshine and  fresh air of suitable temperature, pure  clean water and conditions that  make them scratch and work for  the feed they get. All of these conditions can easily be supplied if a  little thought is given the matter in  advance of the actual need of the  supplying of them. Ordinarily d'fli-  culty does not develop with the iirst  brood or two, but as the chicks increase and space and equipment become used up and the work begins to  crowd, the little fellows or the later  hatches get less attention and either  from having to' be accommodated fit-  coops' that have already, been use������  by earlier broods or placed on the  same ground that has become source  or contaminated do not make the same  growth as tho older or earlier ones;  Perhaps there aro no causes thaf.  have made failure.'- with poultry like  overcrowding and contamination of the.  soil. The lust wc believe to be the-  greatest usual factor that impoverishes successful plants, the former being contributory  to  the  same  result  Even on large plants where the  acreage is larger than is always in actual use for the chicks, it has some,  times . happened on most successful  plants ��������� that soil contamination lias-  has made it necessary to abandon I'op  the time tha location where their operations have been heaviest. This k  one of the troubles that can be prevented by taking safety methods In--  ���������fore conditions arise that will affeji  the growth' of tha young stock. But *.  short time ago we heard of a very  successful poultryman who had madt  in a few years $20,000 to $30,000 whe  found it necessary to abandon hit  plant on account of the impossibilitr  of, getting, the same growth in hii*  young slock"duc to soil contamination.  When this occurs on a farm with rei-.  sonably good management how nuicS.  easier can- it occur where! the rum  are smaller and the birds more closely confined all the ,year round- By using ��������� the proper precautionary measures .this tendency may be entirely  prevented and a benefit to both tin-  fowls and tha soil from the treatment  to prevent this contamination from  constant t.se without any treatment.  By frequently turning the soil and  occasionally treating with air slacketf  lime and sowing fo a crop such as  oafs, rape or any other nuick growing  vegetation, the trouble will be entirel?  prevented and no evidence of soil or  stock deterioration exist from soil contamination.  Where chicks are being raised iu  large numbers, wa believe muclt  trouble can be prevented if all specimens showing the least tendency ti;  contagious disease are removed immediately from the others. How hard  it seems to the inexperienced to kill  off any sick stock for the sake of the  others. We fully believe that 50 per  cent, of the losses in young stock could  be prevented if those showing sickness were removed or killed the moment signs of illness appeared. It is  better to kill one j'ck bird than to  take a chance of losing dozens thaf  might be most excellent specimens;  If all people could appreciate fully  this fact the country would have \  much larger poultry crop to rocori  and more good breedi'..g specimens  for the next season's operations. After the hatching is over we find most  people give their poultry less attention than perhaps af any other time o!  the year. This is a great, mistake for  thcre parhaps is no period of thevear  lliat is more trying to the birds than  tho hot summer months. Fresh  water, shade, proper non-heating foot!  arc most essential now and above all  quarters that are sweet and clean,  wide open to all the fresh air they  can get. It is not reasonable to expect that tho stock may be neglected  for a couple of months and then extrc.  care may be given witli expectations  of the best rasulls. No, the care must  he given all the year round or the  greatest possibilities cannot be realized. When the breeding season is  over it is time to begin to think of  the next season and do everything  possible to prepare the breeders for  the next' year's work. They should bs  started on their moult early enough to  have them entirely through before it is  time for cold weath::-. ' If "* specially  early are desired, the birds that are  well moulted early and put in prime  condition so that they can lay strong  well fertilized eggs are the ones to  use, for they only-will- be the ones  that can produce strong embryos from  which to gat vigorous chicks in the  late winter or early summer.-By-giving the closest attention to this a  whole season's work can be much improved.  This is a most excellent time to observe which aro the most vigorous for  where there is any likelihood of weakness it will generally show itself  when the strain of moult'ii*",' is on. At  this time if those having any difficn!-  tv or showing weakness are discarded the product for the next seasois  should  be  considerably   improved.  Many arc the ideas and appliances  offered to.improve tho possibilities in  reasing poultry. Many of them are  most practical and helpful and any  plan that proves itself as one that increases the result is well worth adopting, but we think if each poultry raiser would not neglect to supply those-  needs that he knows, are necessary  and will be sure of giving bigger returns and better grown and finishes  stock, the crop would be considerabl-**  increased and be of much bettar quality and higher value.  Let 1915 prove to bo one of welJ  thought-out plans carried to, completion so as to get the fnaxinium possible result's with the knowledge ana  equipment available. Only in this  way shall larger results be possible.���������  A.  P.  Marshall,  Niagara  Falls,  Ca&  ada,    Breeder  Wyandottes.  of    Niagrndot    Whits THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  0. b  ���������zamuk-and mimm  Evei y tennis or ball player, cTcry  swimmer, every canoeist, every man or  woman who loves" outdoor life and  axercise, should keep a box of Zam-Buli  iundy.  Zam-Buk is a purely herbal preparation, which, as soon as'applicd to'cuts,  aniises, burns, sprains; blisters, etc.,  3cts up highly beneficial operations.  First, its antiseptic properties render  the wound free from all danger from  Wood poisoning.' Next, its soolhinj-  properties relieve and ease the pain  Then its rich, herbal balms penetrate  Ihe" tissue/and set up the wonderful  "process ' of healing. Barbed wire  scratches, insect stings, skin diseases,  auch ao eczema, heat rashes, ringworm, babies' heat sores, chafed places,  aore- feet���������are all quickly cured by  .���������Zam-Buk. It also cases and cures  piles. All druggists and stores. Use  Sam-Buk Soap also; 25c. per tablet  ���������s  trsaiaiaaves^armsntj. i������ .��������� ��������� vwaxxamw. nBtfr^fa.  Wise  Wise  MOTHERS I  Don't   fat!   to  procure  .MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHING SYRUP  For   Your   Children   While   Teething  It soothes the Child, Softens the Gums,  Allays the Pain, Dispels Wind Colic, and  is  the  Best  Remedy Cor Infantile  Diarrhoea.  - TWENTY-FIVE CENTS A - OTTLe  WATERPROOF  COLLARS  AND  CUFFS  Something better than linen nnd big  ���������nunflry hills Wash It with soap and  ���������A-nter. All stores.or direct. State style  ind sue. For 25o we will mail you  THZ ARLINGTON COMPANY OF CANADA,  Limited  58 Fraser Avonua, Toronto, Ontario  EODfS MATCHES  are, and have been for more  than Sixty Years, Leaders and  Standards of Canadian Trade  and all thinking Canadians  will continue to always  - Insist  Upon Having  '        None but  FREE TO ALL-SUFFERERS  llr<"uf������<l'OUT of SOKTS"KUN DOWN" 'GOT the BI.UKS*  lurrnit (ram kidniit. bladijik, nervous diseases,  CHROMIC WIAKNZSS,ULCERS,SKIN EXl/PTCONS,PILES,'  jrrito* for FREE CLOTH  HOUND MEDICAL BOOK ON  lheib dlstuc-i an.l wonokrpui. CUKKS effected by  1H E NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N.l N���������2 N.3  ������rapion#;ms  %Jia ramedr (or YOUR OWN ailment. Absolutely FREK  Cto 'folUw ap- circulars. No obligations. Dr.LkPLKKC  Mkd.Co.HaVekstockRd.IIaupstkau LONDON.Enq  71  WAMT TO rxoVC THKKArlON WILL CHUB YOU.  South Dakota Bankers Meet  The bankers  ot Group Ten, South  Dakota..State    Bankers'    association,  ield  a meeting    at  Selby    recently,  battle and other farm loans, the new  ruarantee.;:bank law and other timely  :opics   in -banking  circles   were   discussed.    The election ol! officers concluded .the session. W. E. Briggs, vice-  president .of the Northwestern Nation-  il bank of Minneapolis, spoke ou live  ���������tock loans.  Ask for Minard's and take no other.  "This war is a terrible thing, isn't  XT'  "Perfectly dreadful. Still, you don't  have to keep explaining to people of  /our set why you are not in Paris."  "I think you ran over a man a  -nornent ago." said the taxi passenger.  'Do you?" replied the chauffeur.  'I'll look In the papeia ^tomorrow  -norning and see."  lion  ]i Grov/injj Smaller Every Day.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS me  responsible���������they not a  xdy give relief-  icy permanently  vure Constipation.   Mil-  Hon������ use  iem for ,  Hilioai'  *tss, Indigestion, Sick Headache, Sallow Skitu.  3ma.ll Pill, Small Doso, Small Price*  Genuine must bear Signature  SttfZ&zt  Bankers . Will    Help   the  Farmers to  Raise Stock  Every farmer who lias the feed and  roughage, and any experience with or  aptitude for livestock raising aud  feeding, should- use it. [f he hasn't  had such experience he should begin  to acquire it- If he hasn't the ready  money, but is otherwise prepared, his  bankers ought to be glad lo make the  loan for livestock purposes, for it is  not going to slump in value and every  bushel of corn fed makes the stock  and, the loan that much-better.  Under'any reasonable conditions  this practice gives the fanner a nice  additional profit on his grain���������a  chance to work 'up a lot of straw and  roughage that otherwise would bring  him little' or nothing���������and manure  is made and the farm's fertility not  hauled away and sold. Stock cattle  are so high that under all average  conditions there is a good profit in  raising feeders that arc worth ������75 or  $80 au eighteen months, many of  which never saw any corn.  ��������� Hogs" aro easy to handle, require  very little investment to start with,  and cholera . can be prevented. The  great world scarcity is certain tc  make prices higher, especially in  cattle. Cattle scarcity is bound to force  increased consumption of pork and  mutton and thus they easily maintain  their high price, in spice of a more  rapid increase that might come in  these more quickly matured .meats.  It is the banker's duty to urge such  a policy and encourage loans of this  kind; it is real and resourceful banker-farmer work. Illinois' figures in  more or less degree are typical of  many of the older and richer States,  and-newer States and those with  cheaper land's can vastly "profit by  her short sightedness. For example,  not since the war has Illinois marketed as few cattle as this year: not  since the state board of agriculture  began keeping statistics 5S years ago/  has she sold so few Jiogs; not in*35  years has she rarorted less dairy  cows. A man who does not raise or  feed some livestock, who does riot  have a proportion of colt-raising mares  among his horses, who does not have  a manure spreader working on schedule or a few sheep to clean up, is  not a real farmer and is not getting  more than a fraction of the return  he would otherwise get- The banker-  farmer who is not alive to or who is  partly responsible for this situation  and does not attempt to improve it, is  not a real banker.  As soon as the livestock farmer has  made a good start, the silo and paved  feed lot must follow. The silo makes  profits in-every direction and a paved  lot permits the hogs to save 15 per  cent, of the corn fed to cattle above  what they would save if fed in the  usual- mud lot, in addition to cattle  comfort and manure saved. Bankers  know that under proper conditions,  livestock or notes secured by livestock  on feed, is one of the best and most  liquid loans to be had.. The farmer  must "stock up" and the farmer-banker is wise who will "stock up" witflt  his notes.  THE STANDARD ARTICLE  SOLD  EVERYWHERE  REFUSE SUBSTITUTES  sss������as&&dBttUft4������&Ba^  Keeping- Cream Cool  Attention  Should  be  Paid to  Cooling  Cream as Soon as Separated  Now that warm weather is here,  every possible means must be taken  to get cream on the market in good  condition. The warm days that have  already passed have had a marked effect in lowering the quality of cream  now being made into butter.  Attention must be paid to cooling the cream just as scon as separated. However, the greatest exposure  to heat usually comes when the cream  is hauled to market, and the cans are  left uncovered, and exposed to the hot  sun and dust.  It has been found by experiment  that the temperature may be kept  more than twenty degress lower when  dampened- blankets are thrown over  the can or dampened blankets are  used than when the cans are left uncovered. In addition, the dirt and dust  ���������are kept away from the cans and  cream.  It is not only to tho advantage of  tlie producer to help in keeping up the  quality of the cream so that good  prices may continue, but low grade  cream cannot be allowed to come upon  the market in the future.���������R. McCann.  Colorado Agricultural College, Fort  Collins, Cclo.  Complete in itself, Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator does not require  the assistance of any other medicine  to make it effective. It does not fail  to, do its work.  Minard's   Liniment   used   by   Physicians.  Worth More Than Crops  What about the modern conveniences for the house? Has the wife  facilities for making her burden easier as she takes on the passing years?  Remember that a -woman's,, strength  and energy are the most sacred asset  of the farm and that you will be sorry  when they are worn out.-���������Farm Journal.  THE BEST MEDICINE  FOR LITTLE ONES  . Thousands of mothers say Baby'-s  Own Tablets are the only medicine  they would give their little ones.  Among them is Mrs. Howard I-Iodg-  kins, St- Catharines, Ont.. who says:  "I am a user of Baby's Own Tablets  and think them the best medicine in  tha world for little ones." Once a  mother has used the Tablets she will  use no other medicine because she  feels the Tablets are absolutely safe  and knows they never fail to banish  all the simple ailments of little ones.  They are sold by medicine dealers or  by mail at 25 cents a box from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Drock-  ville, Ont.  His Application  Mother���������My son, you should never  defer until tomorrow what you can  do today.  Son���������Then, mother, we'd better eat  the rest of that mince pie tonight,  hadn't we?  Submarine For Salving Sunken Ships  "A spherical submarine now being-  built,solves tlie problem, of recovering  treasure from ships sunk at great  depths," says the Popular Mechanics  Magazine.  "The new submarine consists of a  steel sphere, eight feet in diameter  and- capable of -.carrying two workmen. It is designed to be lowered in:  to the water from a tender, but is  provided with electrically-driven propellers by which it can be -moved  about in the water as it hangs at  the end of the .cable. One of its essential features is a set of four electro-magnets, which, when energized  by current from the motors within  the sphere, serve to hold it securely  to the steel hull of a sunken ship.  Current for the operation is supplied  through a cable running down from  the tender. In addition to this equipment it will be provided with * electric drills for piercing the side of a  ship,' and with a powerful searchlight for working purposes and for  exploring the bed of the ocean when  the exact location of a sunken ship  is not known."  Alfalfa in Alberta  Is   Peculiarly   Adapted   to   Irrigation  and Produces Large Crops Each  Year  The acreage of alfalfa on irrigated  lands in Alberta is increasing rapidly  from year to year as the importance  and value of this crop is better appreciated by the farmers. It has  been grown successfully in the Lethbridge district for the past dozen  years. The total acreage now well  exceeds 10,000 acres. Ou the Canadian Pacific Railway Company's irrigated lands in the Strathmore and  Gleichen districts it is being introduced more slowly. Everything indicates, however, that it can be profitably raised there,' provided care  is exercised in ascertaining tin  source of the seed so that only.hardy  types are used, and proper cultural  operations in the manner and time  ot irrigation are employed.  Alfalfa is peculiarly adapted to irrigation. It produces large crops  each year and owing to the fact  that a stand will last for many years  after it is sown, it is very profitable  there being no expense attached to  it except irrigating and harvesting  the crop.  - To get the best results the land  should be irrigated for each crop or  cutting. The yield depends entirely on  the care exercised in irrigating, that  is, no parts of the field should be missed and no parts over-irrigated sufficiently to injure the crop. In this connection it must also be mentioned that, according to reports in  the spring of 11)14, fall irrigation is  not a safe practice in all districts.  The average yield per acre on the  Experimental Farm, Lethbridge, since  1909 (the first fields were sown in  190S) of field-cured hay has been  just a little over five tons per acre.  Some tests have been made to ascertain the best quantity of seed to  sow. The results obtained are given  in the following tables. The plots  were all sown alone, no nurse crop  of grain being used-  The farm superintendent recommends using from 35 to 20 pounds  of seed per acre. If conditions are  very favorable, i.e., ir good rains  come just after the seed is sown, less  will do, but as it is a crop that will  remain a long time on- the land and  one that will not thicken but rather  is apt to become thinner as it becomes older, a liberal supply of seed  is usually true economy.-.The hay  from a thick stand has Jitter stems  and so is better in quality.  More than half a  Century of Quality  is behind every  package of  -W.T.BEKSOiS&CO.'S   i  CANADA  PREPARED CORN  w snn.7r.,;**6.'^",*,,iri*' ���������"* H  >*II������(������K PI   l! **"  wcm:i viru ti*i cru  '" ( WZitl  UA1IM UK  Always order  by the name  BENSON'S  in order to get  what you want  Practically every  grocer in Canada  has BENSON'S.  e  JUST     WHY    J.   A.   HILL     RECOMMENDS DODD'S  KIDNEY PILLS  Young Lady ("on first visit to western ranch)���������For what purpose do  vott use that coil of line on your saddle?  Cowpuncner���������That line, ��������� as you  call it, lady, we use for catching cattle and horses."  Young Lady���������I dare say. Now,  may I ask, what do you use for bait?  W.  N. U. 1058  Trial is Inexpensive.���������To those who  suffer from dyspepsia, indigestion,  rheumatism or any ailment arising  from derangement of the digestive  system, a trial of Parmelee's Vegetable Pills is recommended, should tlie  sufferer bo unacquainted with them.  The trial will be inexpensive and the  result will be another customer for  this excellent medicine. So effective  is their action that many cures can  certainly be traced to their use where  other pills have proved ineffective-  Dropped a Remark  "I had a dreadful  fall last  night."  "Tell me of it, Egbert."  "My wife  was  talking;  I  hung on  every word, and then, and then���������"  "Yes, yes, and then?"  "Her voice broke!"  Mrs. Knagg���������Young Mr. Benedict  seems much more fond of parties and  receptions since he married.  Mr. Kuagg���������Yep. Misery lovea company,  GET POWER  The Supply Comes  From   Food  If we get power from food, why not  strive to get all the power we can.  That is only possible by selecting food  that exactly fits the requirements of  the body.  "Not knowing how to select the  right food to fit my needs, I suffered  grievously for a bag time from stomach trouble," writes a lady from a  little Western town.  'It seemed as if I would never be  able to find out the sort of food that  was host for mc. Hardly anything that  I could cat would stay on my stomach.  l-jvery attempt g:\vc me heart-burn  and filled my stomach with gas. I got  thinner and thinner until I literally  became a living skeleton and in time  was compelled to keep to my bed.  "A few months ago I was persuaded to try Grape-Nuts food, and it had  such good effect from the very beginning that I kept up its use. I was surprised at the case with which I digested it. It proved to be just what I  needed,  "All my unpleasant symptoms, the  heart-burn, the inflated feeling which  gave me so much pain, disappeared.  My weight gradually increased from  98 to 11G lbs., my figure rounded out,  my strength came back, and I am now  able to do my housework and enjoy it.  Grape-Nuts did it."  A ten days trial will show anyone  some fact.'! about food.  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co. Windsor, Ont. Read, 'The Road  to '"YVellville," in pkgs. "There's a  Reason."  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest  He  Had Sore  Back and  Other Symptoms of Kidney Disease and Got  Real Benefit-From Dodd's  Kidney  Pills  Sixty-Nine Corners, Ont���������(Special).  ���������"I am recommending Dodd's Kidney  Pills as the best of medicines." The  speaker was Mr. J. A. Hill, a well-  known resident of this place, and he  left no doubt in the mauls of his hearers that he meant every word he said.  'Some time ago," Mr. 'Hill continued, "I had a very sore back. It  started from a cold and I suffered for  six months with it. I also had stiffness in my joints and cramps in my  muscles and I felt heavy and sleepy  after meals. My appetite was fitful  and my limbs were heavy. Then I  decided to try Dodd's Kidney Pills.  I took fou.r boxes and received great  benefit from them. That's why I recommend Dodd's Kidney Pills."  Every one of Mr. Hill's symptoms  showed that his trouble was ot the  Kidneys. That is why he got such  benefit from Dodd's Kidney pills. They  are no cure all, but they do cure sick  Kidneys, and the Kidneys are the  keystone of health.  sometimes that they are dull ia  mind, depressed in spirits, and that  they have headache, backache,  and sufferings that make life  seem not .worth living. Eut these  conditions need be only temporary.  They are usually caused by indigestion  or biliousness  and a few doses of  World's Wheat Farm  Western Canada Has the Best Wheat  Land in the World  They have only just begun to  scratch the surface of prairie Canada,  which is offering homes and fortunes  to millions, says a recent writer  abroad. Manitoba, Saskatchewan and  Alberta, now constitute the world's  largest wheat farm, a tract so vast  that it has not. all been explored yet  and no one knows its extent and resources. This groat plain 1,000 miles  long and of undetermined productive  width contains approximately -101,000,-  000 acres of the best wheat land in  the world, of which half is unknown.  Of tho total surveyed area of 1<1'J,-  000,000 acres only about 10,000,000  acres have been brought under cultivation, an area which in 19'IL produced ri50,000,000 bushels of wheat, oats,  barley and flax���������1.0-1,000,000 bushels of  it being wheat. It may be seen that  there is land enough to keep the world  in bread for, some time to come. Furthermore the country is well supplied  with railroads and is offering great inducements to settlers. Something of  the size of prairie Canada may be understood when it is known that it is  five times bigger than Great Britain  and Ireland and three times Lhe size  of the German  empire.  Minard's    Liniment,     Lumberman's  Friend.  P,ecause of the lack of humus fields  wash, and the running off of the  water carries off the top soil. There  are parts of America in which fields  aro worn out not because crops have  exhausted the fertility, but because  the fertile surface soil has been carried off by washing, Huiuus acts as a  binder.  will quickly, safely and certainly  right the wrong. This famous family  remedy tones the stomach, stimulates the liver, regulates the bowels.  Beecham's Pills cleanse the system  of accumulating poisons and purify  the blood. Their beneficial action  shows in brighter looks, clearer  complexions, better feelings. Try  them, and you also will find that they  Largest Sato of Any Medicine in tho World,  Sold everywhere.    In bozei, 25 cents.  Spare the Birds and Save the Crops  Bird -hunting if carried on under restraint may be legitimate sport, but  bird slaughter is merely a means of inviting calamity. Take as one little instance the "scalp act" of Pennsylvania, which paid in bounties $1)0,000  for the extermination of hawks and  owls. These "pests" were destroyed  but the small rodents upon which they  fed turned on the farmer and did almost ������1,000,000 worth of damage. Our  bird friends possess infinitely more  than sentimental and food values.  Were it not for their intervention the  insect hordes would blot mankind  from the face of nature.���������Country  Gentleman.  Externally or Internally, it is Good.  ���������When applied externally by brisk  rubbing, Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil  opens the pores and penetrates tho  tissue as few liniments do, touching  tlie seat of the trouble and immediately affording relief. Administered  internally, it will still the irritation in  the throat which induces coughing and  will cure affections of the bronchial  tubes and respiratory organs. Try it  and be convinced.  Jap Standing Army to be Increased  The budget committee of the house  has approved the project to increase  the standing army of Japan. The measures provides for tiio addition of two  divisions or about 24,000 men. The  previous diet was dissolved by the  emperor in December last for declining to uphold tlie program of tho ministry for military development.  The budget committee also approved a measure for the construction of  three submarines and eight torpedo  boat destroyers-  A BACKACHE  ���������with burning, highly colored  urine���������are sure signs of weak or  inflammed Kidneys. Gin Pills  cure all Kidney and Bladder  Troubles. 50c. a box, G for $2,50.  ���������at all dealers. 2G3  / THE   SUN,    3RAND   FORKS,   h. Q.  Weddi  in!  .resents  Let lis help you pick that  Present you are going to  ��������� irive.    We have a beauti-  ful line of  CutGlass,Silverware  and Mantle Clocks  At prices that have not  been advanced since the  war.  Ai    Uf    MUnnloON   GRAND FORKS.'B.C.  ina the present prime minister of  Manitoba' from the charges of personal corruption brought aguinsl-  him. There was an effort to ��������� frame  him and it deserved to fail. Some  lesser Liberal lights may have  sniffed, or even nibbled, at the  825,000 bait. But Premier Xorris  was not caught in the trap.  G. A. Evans, Editor and publisher  SUUSORII'TION KATK8 i  One Your '...fl.ftU  One Year (In advance)   1.00  One Year, in (Jnitod States  l.M  Addre.su all communications to  The Grand Forks Sun.  Phonb R.74 Grand Pokes, H.C  FRIDAY, AUUUST G.   1915  ME1EOROLOGICAL  The  following   is   the   minim inland maximum temperature for each  clay   during   the   past   week, as re  corded by the government thcrmom  eter on E. V. Laws' ranch:  Min.     Max.  July ,'30���������Friday  ol 87  3.1���������Saturday   .... 54 SO  Aug.    1���������Sunday, 5"* 80  2���������Monday  62 X'6  3���������Tuesday  -Jo- 80  4���������Wednesday .. 46 90  5���������Thursday  52 92  Inches  Rainfall   0 OH  Attorney General Bowser addressed  a hand-picked audience in .Vancouver  larit .Saturday night in defense of him  self and his collragues in the McBride  govern nient.      He  characterized   the  statements    made   in   tlie   pamphlet,  '���������The Crisis in B. C," as   falsehoods.  This was quite natural.    He could not  have done anything else.     It will   be  remembered that   rhe   Roblin government   proclaimed      its   innocence   of  graft   up    to   the   day' it was ousted  from office.   Mr. Bowser's explanation  of how his company obtained leases to  large areas of oyster beds   was  about  as   fishy   as   Price   Ellison's cow deal  itory.     Rev. A. E Cooke,    who   was  not "permitted to attend   the meeting,  promises   to   have ��������� something   to   say  later on regarding the attorney-general's statements.  "Madam," s-ud the tatleied and  torn applicant to the benevolent lady  who answered ^is timid rap at the  door, "have you any old clothes  you can spare for an unfortunate  victim of the European war?"  "I think 1 have, my poor man;  but how does this happen���������you can  not have been in this war,   surely?"  "No, madame," humbly replied  the sufferer, "but my wife has sent  all my clothes to the Belgians."  The Victoria Victorian,   which   enjoys the reputation of being the   only  country paper   printed in  a  city   in  British Columbia, gets quite huffy   at  The Sun because we omitted  the Victorian's name when we fired a twelve-  inch   shell   at  that  publication a few  weeks ago.   -As our shot   reached   its  mark, it is useless to revert to ancient-  history  by  repeating  our  opinion of  the  editors    who   called   Rev.   A. E.  Cooke a "knocker."   We are indebtrd  to a clipping bureau for  drawing  our  attention   to   the  Victorian's   unkind  remarks about The Sun.  'Gee, but business is rotten!"  said the thin man as .he addressed  the fat man on the r*ar platform of  the car. "I am laying off hands  every day."  "That's funny," returned the fat  man. "I'm putting on hands every  day "  "What, business are you in?"  askQd the thin man.  "I'm a watchmaker." replied the  fat man.  Weighing the Constituent Parts of the Army Supply Contractors.  A lucky chap is always out  when  trouble calls.  Almost any young man will do  anything a pretty sister asks���������that  is, if she happens to be some other  fellow's sister. .  Ft is gratifying to learn that the  Victoria government is bringing pros  perky to some of our citizens, at least.  The numerous sheriff s sales and heavy  sales of lands for taxes throughout the  province'must necessarily enrich the  money lenders, sheriffs and legal f.ia-  ternity.  Those people who have expressed  dissatisfaction at the ma.nner in which  the patriotic demonstration was conducted, Wednesday night, would probably have liked to see it wind up with  a pubiic dance. We think the object  of the meeting was very appropriately  carried out.  Plot Against Morris Failed  The  Toronto   World,   under the  heading, "The Trap  That  Failed,"  says:   The report of   the  Manitoba  royal   commission,    of   which    Mr.  Justice   Perdue   is   chairman,   was  made public yesterday.   It was con  curred in by Justice   Gait, who was  not in agreement with his colleagues  upon many points during the  hearing before them.    The finding in fa  vor of Mr. Norris will, therefore, we  believe, command almost  universal  respect.   The   commission   fails   to  find any impropriety in negotiations  between the government and   oppo-  tion in which Chief   Justice Howell  took part. The commission is of the  opinion that the new government by  departmental enquiry and civil  suit  against Kelly might have clone more  than it did by continuing  the   Mathers commtssion. From this wedis-!  .sent,   believing as  we   do that the  pitiless publicity of a public  probe!  is the best surgery for rotten politics.;  Few, however, will fail to agree with  the Perdue commission in exonerat-  When a young woman attempts  to propound a conundrum she forgets either the question or the answer.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits' as a  newspaper It uses no indirect or  questionabie methods to secure subscribers.  HANSEN SCO-  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Except for their mistakes, a grpat  many men would never even be  heard of.    *  A woman with a secret to t-1  never forgives another woman who  already knows it.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and district first.  Fish is no good as brain food unless  it has something to assimilate with.  Granby Shipmants  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Cfrand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January   42,211  February   63,091  March  69,948  Agril  85.382  May.-. , 100,693  June  103,004  Total 464,329  iour Gait Goa  N  ow  Office"!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  TkijEphonks;  Office, Kfi6 Efpet Wrapt  Hansen's Rf.siwenck. RS8 l" ������������������ d" ccl  E. C.   HENNIGER  WILL SELL, YOU  Our-Best Flour, 100 lbs  . .$3.75  "     50 lbs    2.00  Alberta Flour, 100 lbs    3.50  50 lbs     1,85  Tlie name denotes the goods.  Bridge Street Grand Forks. B. C.  Yale -Barber Shop  Kasior Honing a Specialty.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Bait Meats, Poultry always on'hand.  Highest market price, paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and-courteous  attention.  P. A.   Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, 'First Stkeet.  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front, and to insure  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office department requests thtH all  mail be addressed as follows:  Rank   Name   Regimental number    Company,squadron or other unit..  Battalion   Brigade   First  (or second)  Canadian   enn  tingent   British expeditionary force   Army Post Office,  London, England.  Wfute Wyandottes  That Lay and Win  I won   at   fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel; 1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show I   made four   on tries  and won   2nd   cock, 1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups.  Eggs from the above are $2.00  for 15, and special prices given  on more than 15.  W^ite Orpingtons  I won at the winter show, making five entries^ 2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up  at  $1.50 a setting of 15.  I liave two crosses mated up,  Bed pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with White Leghorn cockerel.  Eges $1.00 for 12.  friers and Prospectors  When doing that work in Franklin and* Gloucester  Camps this season, (3Jet four Supplies at tRe  Gloucester General Store A full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries,  Boots,  Shoes and Dry   Goods,  Hardware.    Prices very reasonable.    Quotations  on  request, '  ��������� .  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  AUTO LIVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS.  B. G  Modern Kigs and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  Burns S O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Pays for The  Sun for an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary cou ntry  The weekly market will be held  on Second street, between Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomorrow forenoon.  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Knaliles traders  throughout  tho   world   to  coinmiinicnte direct with Knglish  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  In each class of goods. Besides being a. complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  v/ith the Goods they ship, nnd the Ooloninl  nnd Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merohunts, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of tho ourrent edition will bo forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for ������5.  Dealers seeking Agoncies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlnrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  ���������25. Abehurch Lane, London, E,C.  n THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  LIBERALPUTFORi  The following is the platform of the  Liberal party., of British Columbia,  which principles we pledge ourselves  to bring into operation when elected  to power:  1���������Free Lands for Settlers���������  None for Speculators, (a) We believe that agricultural land should be  disposed of only on such- conditions as  ��������� will insure its continuous use and occupation.  (b) We will utilize as far as p ra-j i  cable the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  the agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province hy good roads  or water communication where neces  sary..  (c) Free homesteads to actual settlers. Holders of pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision."  (d) Advances to settlers on easy  terms to assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all  uccessible   agri  cultural lands to be rapidly completed  and   survey   sheets  and all necessary  information to be made easily  availa  ble to the public.  (f) Settlemeni en block   to  be dis  cou raged by the   removal   of reserves  which scatter population   and  greatly  increase tho cost of roads,  schools and  other nacessary facilities.  (g) No public lands  for the specu  lator.  2���������Transportation . (a) Co operation with the Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection betwaen  the railway systems * of Vancouver  island and the railway sj-stems of the  mainland.  (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled by the government to  give direct communication by the best  route as to grades and distances between the Similkameen and other  interior points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the prdvin  cial credit to assist lines that will open  up new territory.  (d-) We oppose prouincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.  (e) Abolition of the system of giving away crown lands for townsites,  iree   of   taxation   and   under railway  -   control.  (f) All francises for the construction, operation, and ownership or leasing of government  aided   roads to be  . open to public competition.  (g) The'province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction.  (h) The: prevention of over-capitalization of railways.  ���������   (i) Aid to railways not  to  exceed  what is reasonably necessary to secure  construction. -���������  (j) Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls . of all government-aided roads to be .under the  jurisdiction of the Dominion ' railway  commission.  ��������� (k) With a view to .meeting the  demand for the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control the railways, and not the railways the people.  * .3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only.timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  ment  before   alienation, and the disposal of all such lands by- public competition to actual users.  (c) Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant  (e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite periods.  4���������'Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but.leased under conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view.to the protection of the consuming public.  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory board in educational matters, such as exists in all  other provinces.  . (b) The present school curriculum  is-so overloaded with subjects, as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  (c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an efficient system of technical  schools.  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted.  (c) All-political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution  (b) We  are  pledged   a;*, a party to  AClean-Cut  Argument  8  In your favor is good printing. It 'starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a cert tin ty that we can  save you money, too.  6  6  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  equal  suffrage  provide   for   the  women with men.  7���������Taxation., .(a) Exemption of  improvements on all lands paying  taxes to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment. ���������  '(c) Immediate reform of the present costly, cumbersome and inequitable system of collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workman's Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The.  creating  of  a  provincial department  of   labor and   free **government labor  bureaus.  . \b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all indusfrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor iu factories and shops.  (d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics. This'cqmmission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving employers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly. ..  (g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day and six day week on all  public and government-aided work.  9���������Oriental Lmmigration. (a) We  stand for a white British' Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province. .  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts.  ] 0���������Extension of M unicipal Powers, (a) Increase of local'coritrol in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership -of all public utilities, the limitation of terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if in the public interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.^  (b) Control of the traffic by municipalities,, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities.  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������-Public Accounts. We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor- generrjl, appointed and controlled absolutely by  legislature.  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restore the fishing industry to white fishermen  (b) The protection of    British   Col  umbia fisheries from foreign   poachers  by   adequate   policing   of   Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The. retention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalitiec, and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  16���������Torrems System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees. '  17���������Non-Pahtisax Civil Service.  The organizafion of the civil service  commission for both inside and outside service, so that *jhe appointments  svill be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  POINTtD PARAGRAPHS  If the millennium doesn't show  up until a mother admits that her  own children are naughty,and those  those next door are angels, it will  never'arrive.  Occasionally a man loses his job  because he doesn't know enough���������  or else because he knows too much.  Unless a man is willing to admit  his ignorance he will never be in a  position to learn.  It begins to look as if Jay Pluve  had at last squeezed all the water  out of his clouds.  Unless a man has faith in himself, there isn't much hope for  him,  ow  0.  attles  More Victories Are  Won by Siege Tac=  tics Than by As=  saults  r^Apply thi? to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resuitful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  Th.  orks dun iTHJE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  To Establish Refinery  . For SvEsrv SS������OTT.  Sold tsy till good Shoe Dealers  Wovi% fay crv&sry member  ^BssaxssssasassassBsasi  Government     May    Assist    in   Brass  Manufacturing  Arrangements are well under way  tor the refining under government  auspices and possibly with govern-  j ment assistance of copper and zinc  j mined in British Columbia, and for the  j manufacture of brass in the Domin-  ' ion. At present the copper from- the  British Columbia mines is shipped  across to the United States in the  face of a freight of $10 per ton and of  a heavy duty, it is refined there and  must pay a further heavy freight rate  when reimportcd into Canada. It is  computed that at Trail, B.C., a refinery plant could be established for a  million .and a half dollars, and \the  cost of refining the copper and manufacturing tho brass would be more  than compensated for by the saving in  price of the manufactured article. This  is the only part of the shells being  made here which is not manufactured  in Canada at present.  Value of Vegetables  Have    a    High    Value as  Food, and  Recommended for the Health  Carrots have long, been advertised  as beautifiers of the complexion, and  the advertisements are not wholly  misleading. Carrots, parsnips aud  turnips have a laxative effect on  many people, and t>o assist in eliminating waste matter; and an internal  .bath like an external one improves  the appearance of the skin. They also  give to the system calcium and  phosphorous, and so aid in building  it up-  In the light of these" facts it is  easy to understand why vegetables  and cereals are recomended as food  for the growing child. In this connection one should not overlook the  value of some of the dried vegetables. Beans and peas deserve special j  mention, because while of the fresh  green vegetables many are (J0 per  cent, water, these two dried ones  have about 90 per cent, nutritive material and only about 10 per cent,  water. Here again, ..chemistry shows  not only-the ��������� quantity but tlie quality  of this nutritive material. Dried beans  and peas differ from most vegetables  in haying a-large proportion of protein, while most other vegetables  have relatively little. It is well to  know that one need not buy expensive steaks in order to secure protein, but that it can be obtained at  much less expense from that very satisfying dish, baked beans, and also to  know that the wheat grain is rich in  both protein and phosphorous.���������  .Woman's World-  A Plucky French Woman  Will  Her  Likely    be   Rewarded   For  Heroism  and   Self-Sacrifice  A French woman who had equipped  her -husband's factory as a hospital  is likely to be rewarded for her greet  service.  The Germans we're bo'mbarding the  town when a shell struck the factory  killing eighteen of the' wounded, her  two assistants, and tho son of the  cook. The brave little "woman became a captain.- "Let all who can  walk save themselves," she -cried in  her consternation. With the fire extinguishers of the- factory she fought  the flames in order to endeavor to  save the survivors. Then she occupied herself in getting those who  had escaped taken away to other  hospitals; and across exploding shells  and flames, she went to the registrar  to tell of the deaths which had occurred.  Three days passed. She ha'd remained all ' that time in the house  with the dead, and (hen came the order to have .them interred. Only one  army doctor would go into the place  This Frenchwoman and he put tho  31 dead bodies into their coffins, and  followed them to the cemetery. Then,  when this doleful work was ended,  and she had no more wounded to care  for, she offered to go to Paris to get  a supply of bandages and- dressings,  which had begun to be scarce.  ITer proposal was accepted with joy  and her pleasing personality made  soldiers���������French and English���������without knowing anything about her  story, eager to facilitate her journey.  She' returned in course, and has continued to solace the misery in this i  large town which has been bombarded and burnt. The doctor who heard  tha story of her heroism has sent an  account of it to the government. No  more worthy breast than that of this  brave Frenchwoman could wear the  Cross of Honor.  COLT DISTEMPER''  Can be handled very easily. The sick are cured, and all  rubers in- same stable, no matter how "expost-il," kept  from bavins the disease,- by using SPOHN'S LIQUID  DISTEMPER COMPOUND. Give on the tongue or in feed.  Acts on the blood and expels Rcrips -of all forms of distemper. Best remedy ever known for mares in foal, "Drugr-  Sists and harness dealers. Our free Booklet gives everything. I-K'-rgesl selling horse remedy in existence.' 29  years. Distributors���������ALL WHOLESALE DRUGGISTS.  SPOHN MEDICAL CO., Chemists and Bacteriologists,  Goshen,   Ind.,   U.S.A..    ,  "SECURITY FIRST"  is  Your  Life   Insured?    Keep    Your    Policy    in     Force  s^ And Increase' the Amount as Soon as Possible -    .-  If You're Not Insured, Mako Application Today  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE INSURANCE CO.  Head Office, Toronto.  Over Four Million Dollars Assets for Policyholders.  N.B.���������Write    For  Memo. Book and Circular.  ow  Miller's Worm Powders prove their  value. '-They'-do-not cause any violent  disturbances in the stomach, any paih  or griping, but do their work quietly  and painlessly, so that the destruction  of the worms is imperceptible. Yet  they are thorough, and from the first  dose there is improvement in the condition of the sufferer and an entire  cessation of manifestations of internal  trouble.  ���������    i he   Few   Have   ft  Little  Sophie���������Father, what is  executive ability?  Professor Broadhead���������The faculty  of earning your bread" by the work cf  other people.  Increased Wealth of U.S.  From a total valuation of sixteen billions of dollars, or ������514 per capita, in  ISb'O, just before the outbreak of the  Civil war, the wealth of the United  Stales had increased to nearfy 1S8  billions of dollars in 1912, nearly $2,-  000 per capita.  Population in the meantime increased from a little more than 31,000,000 to  more than 95,000,000, having little  more than trebled, while,.th'e wealth  had increased nearly twelvefold. New  York's share of the total���������about twenty-five billions of dollars���������is so much  larger than that of any other commonwealth as to justify her title of  the empire state.  The increase of wealth in a greater  ratio than growth of population means  general increase is well being.. Complaints about unfair concentration are  not welt founded. There never before  was a time when the comforts of life  were so Avidely distributed or when  the purchasing power of a day's wages  was so high compared with the income from capital.���������New York ' Herald.  Made Well By Lydia E.Pink  ham's Vegetable Compound.  How's This ?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Regard for any case of Catarrh that  cannot bo cured    by   Hall's    Catarrh  Cure.  F.   .T.  'CHENEY   &  CO..   Toledo,   O.  We,   the  undersigned,  have  known  F.  J.  Cheney for the ia-i 15 years, and believe him perfectly h ne.-t in all business  transactions and financially able to carry;  out anv obligations made by his firm.    .  NATIONAL BANK OF COMMERCE.  Toledo. O.  Flail's Catarrh Cure is taken internally,  acting directly ur-on the blood and rnijc-  ous surfaces of the system. Testimonials  sent free. Price 75 centa per bottle.  Sold br  all  dru.Tp-Ists. *  Take HaJl's Family Pills Xor constipation.  nplexion  case  constipation, headaches, dizziness,  noise in my ears,  timid, nervous, restless feelings and  sleeplessness.  "I read in the paper where a'young  woman had been  cured of tho same  troubles by taking  Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound so I threw away  the medicines tho doctor left mc and began taking tho Compound. Before I  had taken half a bottle I was able to sit  tip and in a short time I was able to do  all my work. Your medicine has proved  Itself able to do all you say it will and I  havo recommended it in every household  I have visited."���������Mrs.Mary JoilHSTON,  210 Siegel Street, Philadelphia, Pa.  Another Had Case.  -Ephrata, Pa. ���������"About n year ago I  *ras down with nervous prostration. I  ytas pale and weak and would have hysteric spell:?, sick headaches end a bad  pnin under my shoulder-blade I was  under tho care of different doctors but  did not improvo. I was so weak I could  hardly stand long enough to do my dishes.  '* Lydia E. Pink bam'b Vegetable Compound has made mo well and happy and  I have begun to gain in weight and my  jfaca looks healthy now."���������Mrs. J. W.  Hornbeuger, C No. 3, Ephrata, Pa.  If yon want special ndvlco irrite to  Xydla E.X-inkham Modlcine Co. (cenfl-  dentlnl) lyun, Mass. Your letter will  t>o opeiio;], read and annworod by a  ���������woman nnd held in gtrict confldonco,  Many Grand Trunk Men in Firing Line  The Grand Trunk and Grand Trunk  Pacilic Railways have now supplied to  Philadelphia, Pa, ���������"I had a severe j the  Canadian active  service-coating-  ;se of nervous prostration, with palpi-   fts' " 1S announced, over twelve limitation of tho heart,    ^[.^^.^^ in t]l3 system has  sent its quota. The president, Mr.  E. J. ChnruberJin, has his secretary in  the fighting line, and in another battalion is the secretary of Mr. Howard  K. Kelley, vice-president, in charge of  maintenance, construction and operation.  W.  N.  U.  1058  The Proven Asthma Remedy. Since  asthma existed there has been no lack  of much heralded remedies, but they  have proved short lived and worthless.  The ever-growing reputation of Dr. J,  D. Kc-llogg's Asthma Remedy has  given it a place in the field of medicine  which no other can approach. It has  never been pushed by sensational  methods, but has simply gone on effecting relief and making new converts.  Agreements have been reached between the department of agriculture  and four more provincial governments  covering expenditures during the fiscal  year under tlie provisions of the federal instruction act. The agreements  provide for the spending of .$56,528 of  federal money in Alberta, .$(18,000 in  Nova Scotia, $29,138 in Prince Edward Island :ind $5-1,308 in New Brunswick.  The details of tiie Alberta agreement are as follows:  Schools of agriculture .tr.������8,000, provincial instructor's salaries $-1,000, instruction nnd demonstration farms,  etc., $11,200, women's work ������1,500, bulletins and publications $1,800, miscellaneous S28.S2.  Keep  house.  Minard's    Liniment    In   the  Mrs. Waring���������What language do  the Belgians use, Paul?  Mr. Waring���������I don't know; but I  know what language I'd use if I were  a Belgian.  3c Ifad Through the  Rich, Red Blood Dr. Williams'   Fink  Pills  'Actually Make ''-:'.'/'.':~  A girl's complexion is-something  more than a matter to concern her  vanity. It is.an indication of the state  of her health. Pallor in a growing girl  means a thinning of the blood. Parents should be watchful of their  daughters' complexions and 'should  see tOvit that these danger signs are  corrected. When a girl in her teons  becomes pale and sallow, if she shows  an inclination to tire easily, is listless,  and inattentive to -her work or  studies, she needs Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills, a tonic which directly and specifically corrects the condition from  which she is suffering. A chemical  analysis of the blood of such a girl  would show it to be deficient in just  the elements that Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills can supply, and which restors  brightness to the eye and color  to the cheeks. Miss Delina Arse-  nault, Urbainville, P.E.I., is one"  of the thousands of anaemic girls restored to health by the use of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills. She says: "I  was attacked with anaemia, and was  in such a miserable condition that I  had to cons-ilt a doctor, and was under his care for several months, but  without getting better. I was growing  thinner every day, had dark circles  around tho eyes- I could hardly sleep  at night, but tossed restlessly and got  up in the morning with black anticipation* of the clay's miseries before  me. I was always bothered with headaches and pains ��������� in ��������� the back and  limbs. My appetite was poor and I  frequently vomited what I did eat-  My friends feared that I would not recover. I had often seen Dr. Williams'  Pink Pills advertised and finally decided to try them. I used altogether nine  boxes and they made nie as well as  ever I was in my life. All the pains and  aches disappeared; my appetite returned. I could sleep soundly at night,  and the color returned to my cheeks.  I also gained seventeen pounds in  weight- I am now always well, and  for this k-ppy condition I have to  thank Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.  You can get these Pills from any  dealer in medicine or by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for $2.50 from  Tftc Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  ville, Ont.  How  Plants and  Trees  Obtain   Nourishment For Their Natural  Growth  The phenomenon of plant growth  is ona of the most interesting of  studies, but as in all life processes  many of the activities arc not understood by man.  Plants have the power of convert-'  ing inorganic subst'inces, that is the  water, soil and tho air, into organic  substances. Animals cannot do this.  They must live on vegetable food  or on other animals which have lived  on vegetable matter. Plants can live  without animals, but animals cannot  .indefinitely exist without plant food.  Trees, like most plants, get a large  proportion of their nourishment from  the air in the form of carbon dioxide. This must be supplemented by  "water, and minerals which are- derived from the soil. The leaves  absorb the gases of the atmosphere  and IJic .roots absorb from the ground  water containing minerals in solution. The water is transported to  the leaves through the outer or sap-  wood of the tree. By means of sunlight the carbon dioxide and water  in the leaves are united and changed  into carbonhydrates (sap), which are  then transported through the inner  bark and- distributed to the growing  parts of the plant, where they are  changed ito iusolublo cell substance. '���������������������������'  Trees do not grow throughout their  bodies as animals do, but only at  the tips of the branches and roots  and in a thin layer immediately under the bark. If a nail is driven into  a tree trunk it will always remain  the same distance from the centre  of tha tree and from the ground.  Because the crowu of an: old tree is  'higher above the ground than 'that  of a young tree,,it is improperly believed" that the whole trunk has  elongated. This is not the case. The  elevation of the crown is due to the  lower branches dying off and new  ones appearing at the top. Since the  growth in diameter takes place under  the bark, the old bark must be pushed farther .and farther outward each  year. We would naturally expect  that the bark would be ruptured in  the course of time. This is just what  happens and is the reason why old  trees have a rigid and furrowed bark.  A. thin layer of bark is forced each  year under the old bark, thus preventing the wood from being exposed  as the old bark becomes ruptured.  auu������ugiaMrc>i8aaaaa)Egcc������atartni,i>yw*j8sa  HORSE-POWER'  Your horse can pull  bigger loads if you  grease  your wagons  with  AXLE GREASE  It is the Mica that doea  it���������makes a smooth  bearing; surface, pcr-j  fectly lubricated, on  which the wheel revolves without friction.'  Made L  nac/a  Warts will render the prettiest hands  unsightly. Clear the' excrescences  away by using Holloway's Com Cure,  which acts thoroughly and painlessly.  Sore  Absolutely  Painles3  ' No cutting, no plasters or pads to press  the sore spot. Putnam's Extractor  makes the corn go without pain. Takes  out the sting overnight. .Never fails���������  leaves no scar. Get a 25c bottle ol  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  Rural Co-operation  Extreme individualism in agriculture has had its day. There can be  no question that the key to the solution of many of the problems of rural  life will be found in smne form of concerted action or of co-operation. Some  form of organization is as inevitable  as it is desirable. Without it the farmer cannot have adequate schools or  social life; without it he cannot secure  good roads, standardize his products  or economically market them; without  it he cannot have the proper health  facilities or lay credit foundations  which will enable him to secure capital at more reasonable rates."���������Seers'  tary of Agriculture Houston.  Must Make Money-Faster  To provide ingots for making one  cent and five cent, pieces, which are  being coined in larger quantities every  year, says the Popular Mechanics  Magazine, a new casting machine that  turns out ingots weighing more than  Jive times as much as those heretofore used has been placed in service in  the United States Mint at Philadelphia. In connection with this machine larger rolls for forming the plates  from which the coin '-blanks" arc cut  are also being used, the whole purpose of the improved equipment being  to turn out more coins in a day. How  important this is is shown in the fact  that each year there is now a demand  for approximately 100,000,000 one  cent pieces and 00,000,000 five cent  pieces, or nickels.  At the Yarmouth Y.M.C.A. Boys*  Camp, held at Tusket Falls in August  I found MINARD'S LINIMENT most  beneficial for sun burn, an.immediate  relief for colic and toothache.  ,    ALFRED  STOKES,  General  Sec'y.  English Village Worthy (discussing  possibilities of invasion)���������Well, there  can't be no battle in these parts,  Jarge, for there baint no field suitable,  as you may see; an' Squire, 'e won't  lend 'em the use of 'is park.  Army Stores  The vastness of the  work of maintaining   the   army���������apart   from   feeding  it���������may  be   guaged   from  a   few  figures.    In    one    month  there  were  issued to the troops 450 miles of telc-j  phone-wire.   570   telephones,     5:51,000 \  sandbags, 10,000 pounds of dubbin for.j  boots, 38.000 bars of soap. 150,000 pairs j  of nocks, and 100,000 pairs of boots.  In   ten   clays   there   was   also   dis-|  tributed   118,160   fur   waistcoats   and  'J15.075 flannel belts.  The way that insignificant items  mount up where large numbers of  troops are concerned is shown by  the fact that every week there is  issued on an average five tons of  vaseline for the feet and 100 tons of  horse  shoes.  Some idea of the complexity of  the work can be gathered by reference to the official "Vocabulary of  Stores," which contains 50,000 items.  essie  ree  For   Years   He   Suffered   After   Almost' Every Meal-  Attributes Complete Cure to Use of Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills.  As the head of an insurance company, he decided to visit one of the  .districts which showed a falling off in  business and quietly investigate.  While thus engaged he was asked how  his company found business, speaking  for itself. "Oh, we will be about half  a million ahead of the first half of this  year," he replied. "Ahead of what?"  "Why, ahead of tho undertaker."  The cx'porlcncfi of many people who  suffer from indigestion is like that of  the writer of this letter. Stomach  medicines may  bring sorno relief,  but chronic indigestion is almost  Invariably the re-,  suit of derangements of the  liver, kidneys and  bowels, and cannot  be actually cured  until these organs  arc set right.  With tho liver  sluggish there is  constipation, and  the food ferments  in   the  bowels   in- ��������� _  stead of being ell- MR. BARRETT.  posted.   This is the source of pain and  suffering, and the cause of such dreaded diseases iia appendicitis, peritonitis  and kidney disease. It is much bettor to be on the safe side and prevent  such aliments by tho timely use ot  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills.  Mr. J. D. S. Barrett, Nelson, B.C.,  and formerly of Twillingate, Nfld.,  writes :���������"For several years I was a  great sufferer from indigestion. Tha  least bit of food caused mo considerable trouble, and often I could scarcely eat a meal a day. The many remedies I tried proved futile until I be-,  gan tho use of Dr. Chase's Kidney-  Liver Pills, and after using about  eight boxes I was completely cured,    j  "Since that time I have not b'e'ea  troubled with indigestion, which ]|  consider a great blessing. I feel grate-j  ful for this cure, and shall gladly an-<  swor any inquiries from person's ouf������  fcring a3 I did."  Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Plfls, 25a  a box, B for ?1.00, all dealers, or Ed-  manson,   Bates  &  ran ttx.  /  Bates &  Co.,  Limited,  T<H 'JEHEI   SUN*   BRAND  'E0KKS.   <B, j&  RECORD   UNEQUALLED   IN   PAST   ACHIEVEMENTS  Has Kept in Seclusion the Boasted German  Navy,  and Enabled  the World-Wide  Commercie  of Great  Britain and  her  Allies lo go on Without the Slightest Interruption  The splendid record of the British  ii.-.vy since the declaration of war,  must command .the unstinted admiration of all who give it due consideration. The operation-; of the rnagnific-  ient lleet in���������thc North Sea under the  command of Admiral Jellicoe have  not been of a spectacular nature, but  they have 'proved thoroughly effective..  ���������Although every'officei and seaman-in  that lleet has been longing for an opportunity to try conclusions with the  German navy in a decisive battle, the  fulfilment of that wish has been denied them and they have been corn-"  pelled to maintain the most difficult  of all parts, namely that of patiently  waiting and watching in vain for some  sign of activity upon the part of the  enemy.    Day- after  day,   week  after  ��������� v> eek, month after month, in all sorts  of weather, the strain has never been  relieved for a moment day or night, incessant vigilance has been a vital matter, one mis-step or the slightest relaxing of that perpetual watchfulness,  might have afforded the enemy opportunity to work irreparable mischief.  Throughout these'many months, however, the British fleet has played its  silent part in the great world tragedy  with remarkable effectiveness. The  boasted modern navy upon which Germany expended many years of labor  and vast sums of money has been held  altogether useless in the seclusion of  strongly fortified German harbors.  Meantime German raiders and German commerce have been completely  ' driven from the high seas and it is  only by surreptitious means and under  cover of some" other flag that that  nation -is able to obtain the most  meagre imports from'abroad.v On the  other hanu the. woiId-wide commerce  of Great Britain and her allies goes  on without the. slightest interruption  and the Germans manifest their exasperation by their dastardly deed of  wholesale murder in the submarine  attack upon the Lusitania. Great Britain steadily imports the immense food  supply required in war time, from all  corners  of the  globe,    without    the  slightest derangement; she purchases  hsrses, ammunition, weapons and  every sort of supplies required under  existing conditions, from neutral nations and transports them to her own  shores as safely and regularly as in  times of peace. She maintains a great  and crowded ocean highway of transportation from -British ports to the  ports of France, along which many  hundreds of thousands of men are being carried to and fro constantly as  well--���������as incalculable amounts of 'supplies and munitions of war, while Germany stands aside gnashing her teeth  in impotent humiliation. Britain mobilizes large and well equipped armies  in tlie overseas dominions and without  respect fo the particular quarter of the  globe whence they come', launches  them in unarmed transports upon the  high seas over which they travel in  perfect confidence through thousands  of miles of frequented sea lanes, convoyed by a few men of war. Although  the shores of Great Britain -ere within  a few'hours steaming of the harbors in  which the great German fleet rides at  anchor, the shores of the "Right Lit-  ���������.a. Tight Little Island" remain absolutely immune from assailment by  German guns.  When some hist' rian seriously undertakes to write the history of this  war, he will find it necessary to give  a foremost place in the narrative to  the phenomenal work accomplished in  the name of Great Britain by the genius of Admiral Jellicoe and the untiring faithfulness, of his officers' and  men by means of the consumption of  little or no munitions of war other  than,the burning of the coal necessary to keep his ocean sleuths moving  incessantly up and down day and  night, in storm and sunshine, off those  waters through- which, ir at all, the  German fleet must make its way from  its haven to the high seas. By means  of its tireless watchfulnes. and its  silent self-restraint the British navy  is making for itself a record hitherto  unequalled in all t'he glorious annals  of its bysgone achievements.  German Toy Trade  Crippled by the War  American Manufacturers Take Advantage of Opportunity and Are  Developing Business  With every advantage in their favor and backed up by the assurance of  any material assistance which it may  be in the power of the government to  offer, American manufacturers of toys  are now enlarging their facilities with  the prospect of making an active bid  for the foreign as well as the domestic  trade.  One toy manufac.urer in Massachusetts is employing about three  hundred hands, more than twice the  number on his payroll than at the beginning of the war, and others have  shown a proportionate expansion-  Tnera are some toys which" will always come from Germany, under normal conditions, of course, because of  the high development of the industry  in that country, but there are many  which can be made on a competitive  basis in the United States, says the  New York Herald.'  Particular reference is made to the  manufacture of. dolls, of which the'  United States fomerly bought more  than $2,000,000 worth, or more than-  one-fifth of the total production, in  SaxeCoburg-Gotha. The embargo will  shut off all this trade, and American  manufacturers seek to supply, the market. Purchases for, holiday delivery  are being made at this early day, and  as this country annually buys $6,000,-  000 worth of miscellaneous toys in  Germany, the importance of the situation is readily recognized.  Huns' Reign of Terror  Why Italy Fights  A New Age is Battling With the Old,  and Must Change It or Perish  Austria made out no case which justified her action. Germany had no  case which could stand for a moment  in a court of law, and the great assize of civilized mankind has already  found it* wanting. Those governments,  irresponsible to the .people, forced the  war upon the world, while the government of Italy would haye preserved  neutrality if it could. But the popular  instinct overbore it. The dynasty  must have gone down had it withstood ;  the passionate popular demand that  the nation align itself with the forces  which are at work remaking the world.  Civilization is in a grapple to the  death with reaction. Feudalism and  the preposterous assumption of divine-  right kings and castas are reddening  Europe with blocd to perpetuate a regime which humanity has outgrown.  A new age is battling with the old and  must strangle it or perish; and the  Italian people and we of America know  by an instinct which brushes all  sophistry aside where our sympathies  belong and where our true interests  lie. Humanity, like the Laocoon in  marble, has gripped the snakes that  seek to crush it, and will come out of  the terrific struggle naked and breathless, prostrate perhaps, but free; and  that old world we knew a year ago  will never be the same a;;ain.���������Rochester Post-Express.  Crimes    Unmatched    in    Thr-:e  Centuries of War    -  Murder, lust and pillage prevailed  over many parts of ' Belgium on a  scale unparalleled in any war between  civilized .nations during the last three  centuries. In this sentence is embodied a damning indictment of the  German troops which have overrun  Belgium���������an" indictment contained -n  the report of the powerful committse  appointed in December by the prime  minister "to consider and advise on  the evidence collected on behalf of his  majesty's government as to outrages  alleged to have been committed by  German troops during the present  war, case of alleged maltreatment of  civilians in the invaded territoiies, and  breaches of "the laws and established  usages of war."  It is proved that in many parts of  Belgium the massacres of the civil  population were deliberately and systematically organized. Innocett civilians, men and women, were murdered  in large numbers, women violated and  children murdered- Looting, house-  burning, and wanton destruction of  property were ordered and counten-  aced by the German officers. Elabor-  ie provision had been made for systematic incendiarism as a part of the  system of. general terrorization. The  rules and usages of war were frequently "broken, especially in using women  and children as a shield for advancing 'forces. Wounded and prisoners  were killed and the Red Cross and the  white flag abused.  The report (which is issued in the  form of a 61-page pamphlet) is the result of the examination of more than  1,200 witnesses, Belgians (mostly civilians) and British officers and soldiers. Nearly all the depositions were  obtained under the supervision of Sir  Charles Mathews, director of public  prosecutions, and of Mr. E. Grimwood  Mears, barrister. It is added that seldom did the Belgian witnesses show a  desire to describe what they had seen  or suffered.  The lawyers taking the deposition  were surprised to find how little vin-  dictiveness they showed, and how generally free from emotional excitement  their narratives were. Many hesitat-  de to speak lest what they said might  involve their friends cr relatives at  home iu danger, and it was found necessary to give an absolute promise  that names should not be disclosed.  Perfidy of Kaiser  Has Conspired Against the  Peace of  the World For Twenty-Five  Years  The German Kaiser, a Hypocritical,  cunning potentate, who for 25 years  secretly conspired against the peace  of the world, is thus described by a  German nobleman, claiming to be.one  of his most intimate friends, in a volume of memoirs recently published in  London under the title, "The Berlin  Court Under William II."  In what purports to be an unem-  bellished diary record of moments  spent in friendly talk with the Emperor during the dt>ys preceding and  immediately following the outbreak  of hostilities in the present war, statements of the Kaiser are quoted which  show him to have been'hoping for  such an incident as the Sarajevo  crime, to have welcomed .the break  between Serbia and Austria as an opportunity for him to throw off the  mask of peace-maker he had grown  weary of wearing so; that he; might  emulate and continue the great deeds  of his grandfather, .William L, strike  terror to the heart of the world, and  "put Germany on a pinnacle of glory  and power wheYe none other will be  worthy to be mentioned beside it."  The author of this dramatic revelation of the German Emperor's in-'  ner thoughts during the catastrophic  days of last July and .August signs  himself as "Count Axel von Schwer-  ing." The mtransigeant of Paris,  however, declares 'hat this count is  really Prince Von Fuetrstenburg, who  really did accompany the Kaiser on  his yachting trip to Norway in August. The Prince, it is also stated,  made tho revelations contained in his  published memoirs to avenge on the  Kaiser the tragic disappointment -the  Prince suffered by finding that his  peace-loving friend, the Kaiser, was  in reality a "scheming, cruel, unscrupulous brigand "  After retailing the enmity that  once existed between the Emperor  and the Grown Prince, because of  the latter's impatience to win military glory, sho.wing how the German  Reichstag isreally less powerful  than the Prussian Landing, and explaining that one of the early causes  of the present war ',vas not a personal enmity between Emperor William  II. and King Edward VII.. contracted  while the latter was still a Prince,  the author tells of a personal encounters with the great figures in the war  and the accuracy with which the  Kaiser foresaw Germany's part iu  the hostilities.  The Kaiser's friendliness to Jews  is instanced as an indication of his  essentially democratic nature. In this  connection he says that the Emperor  even appointed ��������� to the responsible  post of minister of the German colonies a-baptized Jew, Herr Dernburg,  "an. appointment which was the  causa of one of the greatest scandals  that Berlin has ever seen."  On board his yacht in the Baltic  on July 1, after lefjv.fling of the assassination of Grand Duke Ferdinand  the Kaiser seemed meditative, imperturbable. "This may be the last  holiday I shall enjoy for a long  time," he said to the writer. "Who  knows what the next month may  bring us? Sometimes the necessity  arises for. a nation to assert itself, if  only because she feels that otherwise others may do it to her disadvantage."  '���������A spark mav set fire to the whole  world." ���������  'IThe Kaiser," said the narrator,  "seemed to be brooding over some  plan." On July 2 the writer dined  with Moltke, head of the general  staff.  "The Emperor." .said the general,  '���������has been deceiving us for years.  While pretending to be an adversary  of war, he has in his own mind been  continually thinking of the clay when  ha could declare it."  SACRIFICES FOR THE SECURITY OF THE COUNTRY  The  Call  for   Food.as   a Patriotic Contribution Seems to be but  Little Understood, but the Farmers of Canada are Doing  Their Part for National Defence  (By C. C. James, CM.G., Commissioner  of Agriculture).  For over a year we have been celebrating a hundred years 'of peace-  Canadians of early stock must go back  fpur generations to find ancestors who  fought for their country. In tens of  thousands of our families all warlike  traditions have long since disappeared, and we had become so accustomed to peace that, when war was declared, it took time for us to realize  that: the country was in such peril  that that we were called upon really  to offer our lives agr.iust'the attack of  a powerful euemy. The scene of conflict was thousands of "miles away,  and many did not realize in fact do  not yet realize, that our country is in  danger. For three or four generations:  we have felt safe ami-secure as apart  of the British empire, and hundreds of  thousands of our people still quietly  go about their business confident that  the British navy will surely see us  safely through. Only now, as reports  of casualties reach us every day, 'is  the war beginning to come home to  us. Considering these things, we realize why French and British reservists,  who had served their country across  the sea aud who wore moved, by the  traditions of their family life, responded so readily to the call to arms, and-  why peace-bred and peace-nurtured  Canadians have moved less rapidly.  ,We had well-nigh given up the art  of war and we had become .absorbed  in the peaceful building up of a new  country. We have not been called upon to make sacrifices for the security  of our land and the safety of our  people. There has been developing  more and more among our people a  desire for-wealth and office and personal preferment that has made us  somewhat selfish, and there has been  observed of late* a tenie-acy to specu  lation and extravagance that permeated the whole national life ;ind threatened somewhat the best elements of  national growth. Suddenly the war  has come and wo have to adjust ourselves to new conditions. People who  have been living to themselves and  for themselves suddenly find themselves confronted by a new situation.  The empire calls for men who are willing to sacrifice everything, not merely  for imperial existence, but for humanity. But, more, the empire calls for  food.���������. And this.second, but equally urgent^ and important call, some find  hard'to understand. We have produced food for ourselves and a surplus for our profitable export. 'To  call for food1 as a patriotic contribution is perhaps the most difficult of  all to understand. What is the first  thing needed? Instruction, education,  the placing of the full facts before the  people. Wjat, you say, do they really  r.eed to be told what, is] needed? My  answer to that is, there is just as  much need: for information for the  people as to the material needs of the  empire as to have clearly set before  them the need for men to serve. Further, it is the duty:of the governments  to see that full and correct information as to food conditions of the allies  and of the enemy be given to the people. What would have.been said if no  such action had been taken? Surely  no apology, no explanation need be  given for a campaign to give the people the fullect and most reliable information along this line- As for linking up patriotism with production,'-!  shall not be one to deny to the farmers of Canada human feeling * and  mental make-up equal to those of  workers in other lines. Rural patriotism emanating from full knowledge  of needs and opportunities may yet bo  th ������ salvation of this country.  Will' Help to Develop Trade  Alex Johnston, deputy minister, and  Col. Anderson, chief engineer of the  department of marine and fisheries,  have returned to Ottawa from a trip  of inspection to the Pacific coast.  They say that while trade is quiet at  present, th'e development of ports and  the construction of railways now in  progress in British Columbia is preparing the way for the large business  which is expected to develop after the  war. The marine officials state that  the Grand Trunk Pacific dry dock at  Prince Rupert, the largest north of  San Francisco, which is about completed, will be of material assistance  in the development of the Pacific coast  trada.  Homestead Proxies  Are Restricted  Department    of    the     Interior  Takea  Steps   to   Curtail    Practice  An important notice has just been  issued in circular form by the department of the interior affecting the filing by proxy upon homestead land  and later abandoning the claim in  favor of relatives. The custom is being brought under more severe regulation, as the following letter, addressed to Dominion lands agents and  inspectors, would indicate:  '���������Hitherto it has been the practice  to allow a settler who holds a proxy  entry for a homestead to abandon  such homestad in favor of certain  relatives, provided such abandonment  is received by the agent for the district in which the land is situated before six months have elapsed from the  time tlie entry was made, notwithstanding that the entrant had not furnished proof that such entry had been  perfected.  "I am now to inform you that it  has been decided to change this practice, and in future an abandonment  in favor of a relative, executed by a  settler, who holds a proxy entry will  only be accepted provided the entrant has appeared before the agent  for the district and has fyled the usual statutory declaration on form  "S2C," and further satisfies the agent  by statutory declaration that he (the  entrant), has lived upon the land for  a period of not less than thirty days.  "By order,  "L. PEREIRA, Sec."  Italy's Fighting- Strength  Should   Prove   a   Considerable   Factor  *  in   Support of the  Allies  Field army of 12 corps and 3 divisions of cavalry, 400.000 men; nine  yearly classes of reserves, fully equipped, 800,000; reserves not equipped,  but training, 500,000; making a total  of 1,700,000 men.  Each army corps of the field army  consists of two different divisions except the Roman district corps, which  has three.  Thtre are two brigades of infantry  (two regiments to a brigade) and a regiment of field artillery in each division. The total war strength of a'division is 1-1,156 men and Ulicers, 1,399  horses and 30 gun;-.  The army also has 39 aeroplanes.  The navy:  Dreadnoughts   in  commission....      4  Dreadnoughts to be completed in  1015 ���������   Pre-dreadnoughts      Armored cruisers     Protected cruisers   Torpedo gunboats   Destroyers   Torpedo boats     Submarines   A Big Task  -\  16  10  46  86  25  The rehearsal had' not gone at all  to please the stage director, who at its  close, severely and unjustly criticized  the leading man. In conclusion he  said: "Say, do you think I have been  a stage director for fifteen years for  nothing?" "I cannot say as to that,"  answered the actor suavc-ly, "but if  you haven't, you have cheated tbe  management"  Total number of warships ...'. 20G  The two dreadnoughts to be completed this year are the Duilio and  Doria. Their principal armament will  be thirteen 12-inch guns. Four new  dreadnoughts were laid down in 1914.  Their principal armament will be  eight 15-inch guns of the type of the  latest British dreadnoughts, like the  Queen Elizabeth, now at the Dardanelles.  ' In addition to the permanent army  there are : * all times nine classes of  reservists, men who have served two  vears in the permanent army and who  are armed, equipped and ready for  service. There are about 90,000, in  each such class, what is left of the  men who have retired from the permanent army each year ior the past  nine years. They know at all times just  where to join their regiments, and the  mobilization of such an army is a matter of only a short time.  After two years' active service and  nine vears in the reserve, the men  are subjected to militia duty for eight  vears.  Allied    Navies    Have    Paralyzed the  Enemy's Shipping  The  magnitude  of    the    task  tho  navies of the allied powers have performed since the outbreak of the war  is in a measure indicated by the fact  that a year ago the- actual tonnage of  Germany's  shipping  stood  second  in  the world and in    eight months the  German  Hag has been swept off the  seas-    This means, says the Military  and Naval Record^ that the enemy's  mercantile marine, which consisted ot  2,388 steam and sailing vessels, with  a  total  tonnage  of  nearly  5,500,000,  has  been paralyzed    so    that, apart  from the fact that the enemy's food  supply has been jeopardized,  the  income of the holders of shares has been  depleted  almost  to- vanishing   point.  This has already been shown by the  reports   of  some   German   steamship  companies for 1914, and now the report   of. the   Reederei   Aktiengesell-  schaft of Hamburg,, permits of a com:  parison in the  case of sailing ships.  According   to   the  Financial    Times,  the  Reederei  is the  biggest concern  in Germany engage:!    in    the sailing  ship trade, and formerly had a wide  connection, mainly in South American .  ports.    The    outbreak    of hostilities  brought  the  earninig    power of the  company  to    a complete    end,    and  eleven vessels    were captured or detained by the allies,  while all those  on  outward  voyages   are  now  lying  idle  in  neutarl harbors.    The  gross  receipts    slumped   from  1.333,000  to  459,000 marks,   and   the net revenue  after reducing the depreciation allowance  from  614,500  to 110,900 marks,  comes    out  at  101,300  as  compared  with   497,000   marks.     The   dividend  scales down from 12 to 4 per cent.  Wheel Suppresses Noise  Value of Rotation Crops  The First Essential to Good Farming  Is Crop Rotation  No real friend of agriculture advocates the heedless raising of things-  That has ruined too much good land  in this country in the past. It is wasting the fertility of many acres now.  But raising things by good farming is  a different propostion, became it requires the maintenance of the means  of raising them. The first essential to  a good system of farming is  profitable use of the products. A prevailing crop rotation is usually the result of the past experience of the  farmers of the locality and it should  not be lightly discarded. But it may  have become a sort of habit. It might  be much improved. This is worth  thinking about. Is the rotation followed the best possible one? Could it be  changed with benefit to the farm and  fanner? What have been the effoct3  of the past system on the land and on  its present capacity to nroduce good  crops?���������National Stockman and Farmer.  Car in Portland, Me., Said to Run  Like Automobile  Elimination of the greater part ot  the noise that now accompanies the  operation of street cars and elevated  and subway trains is a prospect of the  immediate future as the result of a  new noiseless wheel which is described in the Popular Mechanics Magazine.  A street car equipped with wheels  of this kind and recently subjected  to test runs at Portland, Me., is reported to have run as noiselessly as  an automobile. The wheel is made of  two sections, and is in effect a wheel  within a wheel. The inner section is  fixed to the axle while the outer faction takes the bearing on the track.  Between the two sections is a cushion of rubber of special composition  which absorb's the vibiv.Uons caused  b-* the grind of the tiro on the rail  and by irregularities iu the track, and  it is this that gives the wheel its noiseless qualities.  Two   Words  "I just read that they're sending  French conscripts to the front," he  was saying. ,���������>  "Well, I suppose the poor things  might as well be there as in prison,"  murmured his sympathetic hostess.  If the swine are in the fattening  stage they should have all they trill  eat up clean, but growing animals  should have just enough to keep th������m  in a thrifty growing condition. SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,'B. C>  NEWS OF II cny  John McKie and family returned  home on Tuesday.from an extended  vacation trip to the coast cities.  in the Presbyterian church. Rev.  J. D. Hobden will preach at both  services.  Mr. and Mrs. A. S.   Matheson  returned to the city this week.  Immigration Inspector McCallum  and Color-SergL Barker left today  lor the detention camp at Vernon  with an Austrian for internment.  A force of workmen employed on  the government road,under the fore-  mansbip of John McLaren, established their camp at the Carson  school house last Sundav.  Wilfred   Holmes  wood last Mondav.  visited   Green-  A carload of copper was shipped  from Greenwood to Aniboy, N. J.,  this week.  J. H. Plath, who is working on a  fruit ranch at Entiat, Wash., returned teethe city on Tuesday for a  few days' visit.  Principal H. A. Glaspell, of the  public school, returnrd on Tuesday  from his vacation trip to the  coast.  Miss Hadden, formerly a teacher  in the public schhol, returned to the  city on Tuesday from the coast.  Robert Petrie has   been  spending  the past week in Spokane.  The public school will reopen on  August 28. Beginners who are six  years of age will be admitted up till  September 7th, but not after that  date.  Road  Tax   Collector  Beachy   reports that he has collected the  road  tax   from   the  eleven   Doukhobors  working  on   the   Smith    building.  Peter Veregin paid it for them.  COSTS LITTLE  %  Accomplishes Much  A two cent stamp docs a lot for  very little money, but it would require thousands of two cent stamps  and personal letters to make your  wants known, to as many people as  a 25c. investment in our Classified  Want Ads.  A force of about sixty men is now  employed on the work of rebuilding  the Great Northern bridge at the  smelter dam.  &i3Egggg^^?gj^K^  FOR SALE-FARM LAND  <tOf\ I'KR ACRE���������The old Graham ranch of  <4>������jKJ 812 iicrcs, at Casctuh;, can be - purchaser! ut :J20 pnr'nero, if taken nt once. W,  IC. Kslitifr  owm-r, Rossluiid, li. C.  quickly   exhausted.     This  edition  brings up to dateLstatistics with    respect   to -pedigree   registration and  the   trade   in   hog products.    It is  shown that the total exports  for the  fiscal year ending March   31,    1910,  amounted to   16b',04S,519   pounds,  as   against '27,501,140  pounds the  previous year.    This bulletin covers  the whole held of swine raising, eiv~;  ing   tbe  results- of   oflicial experiments, as   weli  as  the practices of  successful farmer swine raisers.    An  interesting section describes the system to   feeding   hogs in    Denmark,  where combinations of food are prepared according ]o their food   units,  in   which   one   pound   of  grain���������  wheat, barley, pens, corn, etc.���������constitutes one food unit which is equal  to S   pounds   mangels,   4.  pounds  boiled potatoes, 5 pounds  alfalfa, G  pounds skim milk or 12 pounds-*-  whey. It-is shown that the diet in-  varied in a definite way for. pigs of:  differenf ages.  The Sun only costs 81. a year.    It  prints all the news.  John Wtuiamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't-  erk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady". ��������� ft increases clay by day and. year by year,,  until it exerts ;in irresistible   power."  The Sun, at SI a "year, is superior  to any ������2 a year paper printed in tin-  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to trambliti"  schenios to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  R. L. Miles, .a-^Gitr.oi business  man, spent a couple of days in the  city this week.  It is reported that in a short time  the C.P.K. will have a daily trnin  service between Nelson and Midway.  It is proposed to run a mixed train  on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays in opposite direction to the  present express train.  Chief of Police Savnge left on'  Wednesday1 for bis annual vacation  trip. This year he Jin tends to go as  far as Bannock City, where he will  put in his time developing his mineral claims.  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDJiRS   WANTKD ns fluents for our  hijrh  irrttde bicycles.   Write for  low   m-iccs  to  '.'Type, was-made to read." This*  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  U&*2BmH^X\mxmiS!*L*  THOS. PLIMLGys  TORIA, B. C.  CYCLE   WORKS,   ViC-  An auto is employed on the rural  mail route around Bridesville.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAIvlC   your -repairs  to   Annsoii.  shoe   repairer.    The   Hub.    r.ool'   for  the   Bii>;  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HIGHEST CASH PISIOES paid for old Stoves  and    Knnj?os.    J������.  C   Peeklnun.   Seeoiul-  hiind Store.  CO,, LTD.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALERS  IN  FLOUR, CEREALS, HAY, GRAIN, FEED AND POTATOES  RECEIVED TODAY:  A GAR OF CANADA PORTLAND CEMENT  Which will be sold at  a*'close  price  for  cash "or approved credit. -  PHONE 95    . FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P, 0. BOX 610  The members of the staff of teachers of the Grand Forks public school  returned on Tuesday from the summer school at Victoria.  Mrs. Lloyd A. Manly and daughter Norma returned on Tuesday  from an extended tiip to the coast  cities, including visits to" the San  Francisco and San Diego expositions.  Born���������In Grand Forks, on Monday, August 2, to Mr. and Mrs. Ed  Slanaway, a daughter.  MacDougall <fc MacDonald, of the,  new men's furnishing store, are receiving their goods, and are busily-  engaged \c. unpacking the same.  Ore bins have been erected at the  Skylark mine, and four men are  working at that property.   ���������  FOR RENT-HOUSES  GOOO  fivo room  house: two   block;-   from  post office.   Apply this office.'  VV. T, Cook, H. C Jones and a  number of other Grand Forks mem  bers of the 54th battalion, now stationed at Vernon, will visit the city  next week on a leave of abs_ence,  prior to their "departure for tbe  front.  J. W. Cook, president of   the  local Red Cross   society, has collected    I 64 old razors���������50 of  the  old   style  Union services of the Methodist and 14 safeties���������for the soldiers af  and Presbyterian churches will be the front. The razors will be sent  held on Sunday as follows: 11 a.m. to the Red Cross headquarters at  in the   Methodist church; 7:30 p.m.  Toronto.    From that city they   will  NEW. HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness shop at ray old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  ]\Jp>\*7  Hen-ri-*������cc'and   do  all  kinds   of  lMew narness hamess repairing, A11  work guaranteed.   Your patronage;is solicited.  Frechette  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.C.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  be shipped to Sheffield,-England,  where they will be reground, and  then served out to troops at the  front.  IC  S English 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels '     .  I  have  opened a hicycles store next the Grand  Forks Garage, and keen these celebrated wheels  in stock.  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty  '. R. Mooyboer cIStS'* c:  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrappei  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our1 price?  are right.  SUN PRINT SHOP  t^5P%  L  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  Robin Hood Flour  "     Oats  "'     Porrioge Oats  "     Ferina  "     Graham  "     WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  During the month of May the  Grranby company produced 3.GS4,-  000 pounds of copper. The June  output should be over ��������� 4.000,000  pounds, and the total combined output from the Hidden Creek and  Grand Forks smelters for the five  month ending May was 14,012,676  pounds.  For Sale by1  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  Swine Raising  The second edition of Bulletin  No. 17 of the federal live flock  branch, entitled Swine Husbandry  in Canada, bus been issued, and  may be had on application to the  publications branch of the department of agriculture at Ottawa. The  interest in swine raising, stimulated  no doubt by the high values of pork  products, made such a demand for  information on this subject that the  first edition printed   last   year   was  NO PERSON shall ride or drive a  bicycle on any of the public sidewalks within'tho limits of the Municipality of the City of Grand Forks  Any person guilty of same same shall  he liable to a fine.  Bv order of City Council,  A. IS. SAVAGK,  .     . Chief of Police.  1


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