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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 23, 1915

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 LrtiMSWrfU^&ito  . r  w|������feI^wIabve!iliibraryA;iS5KS&  Kettle VaUey Orchardist  FOURTEENTH YEAR���������^o. 25  GRAND FORKS, B. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 23, 1915  $1.00 PER'YEAR  M  \ who wished to see an honest government in British Columbia. . He  ���������would'not be the representative of  any particular section of the constituency, but of all sections. He  was more of a resident of Grand  Forks than his opponent, because  he owned property-here,.and he was  The  Liberal' convention  hf'ld'in": also'ihe' owner of property in   other  this' city on , Wednesday night was  the {.largest and most enthusiastic  gathering 6f Liberals ever witnessed  at a convention ofthe party in this  city. .The'large opera house hall  was filled with delegates from this  city, Phoenix, Cascade, Carson, Bannock City and Christina Lake. The  greatest optimitm. regarding thepuc-  . cess of.the party at polls prevailed,  jand harmony was the mpst distinguishing feature of the convention.  .Sixteen autbs were required to convey the Phoenix delegates and the  .'friends of the successful noorinea to  this city. The splendid turn out by  the Liberals of that acted as an inspiration of hope to ,the delegates  ��������� from the other sections of the constituency.-  E. C. Henniger called the convention to order shortly after 8  o'clock. On motion of a Phoenix  delegate, he was chesen -permanent  chairman. Mr.Henniger thanked the  convention for the honor conferred  on" him by being'selected to preside  over the largest Liberal convention  ever held in the riding. After a brief  ���������" speech,-in- which he'.predicted success for the local candidate and for  the party throughout the province,  he announced that the time had ar-  ��������� rived for placing nominees before  the convention.  B. Lequime nominated Neil Mc  Galium, of this city. The nomination was seconded by K. Campbell,  who, in a short speech, recounted  the high qualifications ot Mr. McCallum to represent the constituency  at Victoria,  B,.  A.  Brown's name'  was   pro  posed   by   two  of his Grand Forks  friends, but   Mr.   Brown refused to  entertain the nomination, and withdrew his name.  Wm. Bonthron placed  the  name  of J. E. Thompson, of   Phoenix, he-  fore the convention, and the nomin-  tioa   was   seconded  by' a   delegate  from the.city of mines.  ,    Neil   McCallum   arose   and    explained that be had only   consented  lo allow his name   to come, before  frMe convention in the event of there  being no other  available candidate.  In view of the fact that Mr. Thornp  . son.was willing to accept the notnin  alion, and   as   he   considered   Mr.  Thompson   eminently   fitted   to re  present the riding at Victoria, he. de-  'sired, with the consent ol the mover  and the seconder of his nomination,  to withdraw    his   name  from   the  convention.    This consent was finally   secured,   and    Mr.    McCallum  moved that Mr.Thorn so   snorni a-  sections of the district. He would  work for no particular class, but for  all -classes. The business man, the  workingman, the capitalist, the  farmer and the miner would receive  equal consideration at his hands;  He would not only be ��������� he representative of the-Liberals, but also of the  Conservatives. At some future date,  he said, he would address the citizens of Grand Forks. on the issues  involved in.the preseut campaign.  :,Neil'McCallum,".who"'followed Mr.  Thompson, also made" a sphndid  speech. He thanked the delegates  who ,na"d proposed his name, but at  the same time'be thought the convention had, made a wise.choice, and  he paid an eloquent tribute to the  integrity and sterling "qualities of  ihe nominee'. Too much power, he  continued, would corrupt and cause  the downfall of any government.  That the Conservative party of British .Columbia .nad-- become corrupt  was evidenced by the fact that such  a staunch Tory as David Whiteside  had forsaken the party and thrown  in ^his  lot- with the Liberals.    The  fit  McBride government would have to  go at the coming election, and  Grand Forks riding would help lo  oust it. This constituency would  line up with the majority, and Mr.  Thompson would report for duty  immediately after the election.    ������  Mr. Bolier, of Phoenix, was glad  that the delegates presented as solid  a front to the enemy a?y the allies  did in Europe. The McBride government did pretty well up to 1911  ��������� as long as the Laurier government  was in power at Ottawa. He compared the federal government to the  main line of a railway system, and  the provincial governments to its  branch lines. Too much credit  could not be given to Parker Wil-  iams tor the good work he had done  as . leader of the opposition in the  legislature. Had it not been-for his  -vigilance the shady transactions of  the government would have con  cealed. The speaker stated that he  was in fav.>r of reim posing, the poll  tax as an act of justice to the other  taxpayers of the province, and con  eluded his address by eulogizing  the record of the nominee, of the  convention as a citizen and a business man.  Short speeches were also made by  R A Brown and a couple of Phoenix delegate.  , The mention by   the  speakers  of  the name of the leader of the Liber  al party of.British Columbia, H. C.  Brewster,   was    invariably   greeted  ERALELECTION  RUBLE IN JUNE  tion be'-mad* unanimous. This reso-! with tumultuous applause.  lution  was  adopted   without a dis  senting voice, and the   nommee was  After the   convention   proper   a  short musical and literary   program  heartily cheered for fully five  min-| was rendered by local talent.    Then  utes# . | followed a business   session, a~hd  at  After the applause   had subsided   10:30 the meeting adjourned.  Mr. Thompson's took   the  platform  and delivered   an eloquent speech.  After thanking the delegates for the  A Toronto dispatch,' dated April  20, to the Nelson News says: "The  Toronto World, publisher by W. F.  Maclean, M.P.j says today: ��������� Tues  day, June 8, has been set tentatively  as the datef or the federal election,  according to a- persistent report  around the city yesterday. A" prominent Toronto Conservative is given  as authority for the statement.  - A June election is the favorite  guess of- politicians in Ottawa, al-  tnough the possibility of there being no contest until September is  admitted.  The printing of voters' lists is well  under way. The revision is made  annually by provincial or major  municipal authorities and sent to  Ottawa. ��������� The federal lists are. there-  fore, an annual reprint of local lists.  The presenf government's-' term  expires in October, 191fi. A term  lasts for fiye years from the date  upon which writs are returnable.  In 1911 election dissolution occurred  July 29, polling on September 21,  while the writs were, returnable October 7. Parliament, of necessity,  would'have to dissolve on or before  October 7 of 1616, but the election  could be held at a subsequent  dale.  The franking   privilege on parliamentary documents  expired   Wednesday nigut, and literally tons  are  being sent out from   Ottawa as cam  paign literature.  This fact alone, with journeys to  Ottawa of. outside politicians, nominating conventions and similar activities, are all condueive to the belief that an early election is expected.  Care in Handling Fruit  The fruitgrowers of Critish Col  ���������umbia have petitioned the express  companies, through the secretary of  the British .Columbia Fruit Growers'  association to issue the following  notice and cause it to be conspicu  ously posted on the inside of the  sliding doors in all express cars in  use during the shipments of soft and  perishable fruit and also on the inside of the sliding doors to express  or warehouse rooms at stations:  "Expressstation agents and others  handling extra perishable fruits,  such as berries, tomatoes, plums  and peaches, in transit, are respect  fully requested to observe the following rules.  "1. Take (inn hold on  the   pack  age   when   shipping   or   moving it  from place to place.  "2. In handling avoid titling the  package beyond 45 degrees from its  horizontal position.  "3. Never let go your firm grip on  the package till it is gently placeed  in its placed (a dropping jar to a  crate of ripe, juicy strawberries,  raspberries, peaches, or fomatoes  will easily knock 25 percent of  value out of it).  "4. Pile crate firmly fn express  cars or on trucks to avoid rocking  motions.    These motions on a  long  right hack-to you, .arid" effects your  economic progress, although you  never tnought of it.  '''6. All persons having interests  in fruit of any kind observing careless violation of the above rules will  co.ifer a favor upon the company as  as well as the public by, taking such  notes as-will enable the officials of  the company to trace- the -violation-  to the guilty party,  ���������'All such notes should be addressed to the division superintendent respective of the place of occurrence where records are kept and  employees scored by their efficiency."  GHTFURNACEStN  BUST AT GRANBY  More Poultry Needed-  Canada is short   fifteen   hundred  thusand hens, averaging   one   hundred eggs per year.   Canada in 1914  imported   two . hundred    ihou6and  dollars'   worth   more   poultry   than  she exported and imported   eggs   to  the   enormous  amount  in value of  82,500,000   in excess of  her  .'shipments abroad.    These are the somewhat   surprising, if   not   alurming,  statements' made by the poultry   di  vision of the Dominion   department  of agriculture, from which also ema  nates the important  announcement  that   Britain. .took   from   Belgium,  France,    Russia, ���������  Germany      and  Austria Hungary   in   the available  months of ��������� 1914  three million dol  lars' worth of poultry and 136,000,-  000 dozen, or sixteen   hundred   and  thirty-two  million   eggs���������sufficient  to give 2,235,616'people   two   eggs  aoiece   for   every   day in the year.  Such 'facts   must surely   convey a  world of meaning to .poultry   breud  nrs   in   Canada.     These   facts   are  further  emphasized   by   the   state  rnent that the average egg yield per  hen in this country is   but  80   eggs  per year,  which  we are  further  assured by experts  could^   by  careful  selection,   feeding   and housing   i ������������������  increased   to   1^0; eggs  per hen per  year.    As.the head of  the  division  at  Ottawa' remarks, "It would be a  profitable. thing   to    strive     for."  Pamphlets  particularly   bearing on  the subject which can be   had   free  on   addressing     the     publications  branch, department  of agriculture,  Ottawa,   are:    No.  1, "Winter Egg  Production," by W.   A. Bown;   No  2, "The Crate Fattening of Poultry,"  by   T.    A.   Bens >n;   No.   3,    "The  Candling of Eggs"," by W. A. Brown;  No. 4,   "The: Organization   of   Co  operative   Egg   Circles,"   by W. A.  Brown; No. 5,-'"Plan of  Permanent  Laying House for Poultry," by W.  A. Brown   and  T. A.   Benson,  and  No. 6,   The Payment of  Eggs   As  cording to Quality," by W. A Brown,  J. H. Hare and W. H. Ault.    Other  publications that can be had are by  F. C. Elford, dealing   with   incubation   and   "The   Farmer's  Poultry  House," and by .Victor  Fortier   on  "Dnck liaising" and "The Management of Turkeys and Geese.''  ��������� The full battery of eight furnaces  are now in commission at the Granby  smelter in this city. The seventh  was blown in last Monday, and the  eighth, after being repaired, commenced operations yesterday morning.  A rumor has been in circulation  during the past week that the Granby company has taken over the ���������  Mother Lode mine at Greenwood,  and that work will shortly be resumed at that property.  District Liberal Association  At.the close of the Liberal conven  tion in the opera house on Wednesday night the District Liberal association of Grand Forks riding was  reorganized'. Neil McCallum was  unanimously chosen president, and  E. C. Henniger was elected vice  president. The association will consist of two members from each local  association. These members have  not yet been selected.  Farmers' Institute.  The next regular meeting of   the  honor they had done him, he stated  Farmers' will be held in  the   board  that he felt confident of victory for of trade rooms on Wednesday ever.-'journey will reduce value of goods  himself and for the party in the ing, May 5, at 7:30 p.m. A full at-  province. In this fight he intended tendance is requested,  to eliminate . the word "defeat" f All members Intending to join the  from his vocabulary, lie. reminded crop competitions will kindly enter  those present tliat it was not only his their names by that date with the  light, but   the   fight  of  every man  secretary, Walter E. Hadden.  from one-half till   worth   less   than  expres charges.  "0. Always have in mind that  the effects of damage to goods by  unskillful, thoughtless handling  never stops still part of it  gravitates 'dead for six hours.  A Live Corpse  After John Keating had been dead  for six hours and his obituary had  been published in a Gulf port, Miss.,  newspaper, a barber was called in  to, shave bis corpse. As the razor  senped the man's chin, bis eyes  opened, his lips parted and he said:  "Don't cut me, kid." The barber  dived through a window. A panic  in tho neighborhood followed.  Physicians -who were called were  unable to understand the case. Although now Keating is alive and  they   declare   he was actually  Encouraging Outlook  An encouraging note is  struck in  this issue of   Telephone   Talk,   the  magazine published by  the   British  Columbia Telephone  company.    It  points out that net increases in   the  number of subscribers took place in  March, as   compared   with   February, in Vancouver  and   Victoria, as  well as in several of the   smaller exchanges   of   the   company.     A net  gain is also noted for   the   province  as   a   whole.    This would indicate  that the provinco  has  resumed   its  forward   march    ..That steady   expansion is expected is further shown  by the announcement that the   tele:  phone   company    has  in hand sst'������  mates   of   $32,796   in   Vancouver,  $1790 in North Vancouver, 822,145  in Victoria, and $5750 in Nanaim",  as well as improvements in   hand at  Courtenay and Ladysmith.    During  the past few months the British Columbia Telephone company has been  perfacting its' equipment   wherever  tests   showed   that    improvements  could be made, and   also   has    been  doing   work    on    many   of   its exchange buildings, so that everything  will be maintained at that  point  of  excellence   for   which the company  strives.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch:  'Min.  Max.  April IG-  39  81  17-  -Saturday. ...  ,. 43  80  18-  -Sundiy,   .. 42  31  19-  ���������13  -SI  20-  -Tuesday   41  59  21-  -Wednesday..  .'3-1  <;o  22-  -Thursday....  30  08  Inch/:*  Kainfall  0.00  Wf  Tracklaying on the Kettle Valley  railway was this week completed to  Princeton, where it joins the Great  Northern road. It ts possible now  to go all the w--jy from the Boundary to Princeton in Canadian territory.  A busy person isn't necessarily industrious     Gossips arc always   busy,  mmmmmm THE    SUN,    GRAND   FORKS/.  B.C.  .*i UfC ������  Australian   Farmers   Find   Sourceo'of  Wealth in Their Myriad of  Rabbits ^  Tlie rabbit has maclt g.reaL headway  in tlie Australian district around  Nimitybclle and Crapping has become  a profitable industry, so a Sydney  newspaper reports. One buyer alone,  it seems,' sent away more than a ton  of skins each'week all through .last  ., season. ]t has been decided to start  freezing works at the place���������that  means* carrying the surplus ,rabbit  crop over in cold storage. The exportation of rabbit skins from Australia  now exceeds in value ?:i,000,000 annually, according to the Sydney report.  Now this is astonishing information.'The antipodes are to be congratulated. For years we have been hearing about their pest of rabbits. Australians lfave long viewed with gloom  - the overrunning of their continent.  What mosquitoes are^to New Jersey,  or prairie dogs to Kansas," or the  gypsy moth to New England, rabbits  are to Australia���������that has been fay  impression.  .'It was sixty years ago, or so, that  an incautious gentleman of New-  South Wales obtained from Europe,  and turned loose in the colony, three  pairs of rabbits. As the population  and wealth of Australia increased, the  rabbits increased, and more thai: correspondingly. Until recently it had  been a tremendous problem how to  check them���������to say nothing of ex.er-  mination'. They drove farmers from  their lands, and" have threatened such  devastation as has not been known  since the .succession of plagues, paralyzed Egypt. Travellers report that'  rabbit proof fences are characteristic  of the Australian, landscape's. Some  years ago an attempt was made to  spread   a   parasitic   epidemic' among  - them.    But the pensive Tabbit multiplied faster than the gerni3.   ���������  The Australians have found a way'  at last. They have solved the exasperating riddle by turning the rabbits  to profit. A demand for rabbit has  been created in the world's marts, it  appears, especially for .the skins.  Whaj? was a nuisance, and a destructive one, is found to be marketable.  This is merely another illustration;  of course, of an industrial miracle  with which .we are familiar���������the utilization of what has.been thought useless, the working up of a by-product  into something of commercial.value.  The rabbit resources of Australia  are probably inexhaustible. -It will  be some time, at any rate, before the  country will need to take measures  to conserve the supply, even with  the liveliest demand. Meanwhile, the.  happy situation is that; the:Australians are able to sell what they have  plenty of, and do not want to keep���������  what, indeed, they would hitherto  have been glad to pay to get rid of.  Such luck is enough to make the celebrated Australian bird, the laughing  jackass, split its sides with laughter,  and the kangaroo leap for joy.���������Providence Journal.  Saskatchewan Fairs  The following- are the dates for the  summer and fall fairs which will be  held throughout Saskatchewan tbJc  year:  Abernethy       August   5  Alameda       August  3  Alsask     'July   20  Asquith   '   July 30  Aneroid _ '.   July 30  Bladworth    August* 6  Bounty       July  21  Areola     August 4  Brock   July 22  Brownlee   .'. .'    July 29  Broadview       July   29  Canora '    July 28  Carnduff   August 5  Carlyle   ' August i;  Churchbridge    .'.-.   July 27  Colgate     July 27  Craik   August 5  Creelman    A ugust 3  Cut Knife ...' '..: July 28  Davidson   Augaist  4  IS  Canadian   Government   Specialist   Obtains  More  Astounding   Results  Than Minnesota Experimental Station  Recently the Minnesota Experiment  station conducted all interesting field  experiment to find cut if the cleaning  of grain really paid. The contention  had long been advanced by all farm  specialists that the cleaning of grain  was one of the most profitable operations on the farm, but the station determined to prove it conclusively or  say nothing more about it.    ���������  Heavy plump oats, thoroughly  cleaned, were seeded beside medium-  weight oats that had not been cleaned. At threshing it was found that  nine and a half busrels an acre more  had been obtained from thj cleaned  grain than from the uncleanod oats.  Pretty conclusive evidence in favor of  cleaning the seed grain, isn't it?    .  The Nebraska experiment station  experimented in a similar way with  wheat. The average", yield of "wheat  from the clean grain averaged four  bushels an acre higher for tho two  years during which the. experiment  was conducted. ' Nor is that all, for a  seed specialist in the fCanadian government service has found" that better results are generally gained than  in the Minnesota or Nebraska experiments.  It is ..the general belief that the seed  grain this spring will bo far below  .the average unless steps are taken to  select only the best for seed. The purchase of a good side-shaking fanning  mill to separate the heavy plump kernels from the light, shrunken ones, is  certain to prove a profitable investment as a. result. Many farmers arc  already cleaning their grain, so that  they will'not be so rushed when seeding time comes.,  " The reason why the cleaning of  grafn pays is easily explained. A kernel of seed grain has two essential  parts: the germ, or small pKntlet;  and the food material stored about it  il fKSSSS5?ms^s?5S^ Eg -  ' Spread.  the Bread  witli 'Crown 'Brand1 :Corn  Syrup and the children's  craving lor .sweets will- be  completely satisfied. ;,  Dread and " 'Crozuil Bi;aud'  form tr perfectly balanced  food���������rich in the elements  Unit go. to build up sturdy,  healthy children. L  i'dsburg  ;Crowo, Brand5 Corn Syrup  is so economical and so good, that it is little-wondtfr that millions  of pounds are c-alcn every year in the homes of Canada.  'Crown Brand1���������the children's favorite���������is  conr.lly Rood , for all cooking purposes and  candy making.  ' 'TJL Y WHITER is a pure white Corn Syrup,  not soprov.oiniccd'in flavor as 'Crown Brand'.  ,   _ You may p.rc/cr it.  ASK YOUR  GROCER���������IN 2,5, 10 AND 20 LB. TINS  The Canada Starch Co. Limited, Montreal  Manufacturers of die famous Edwardsburg Brands.   '"  m &mmffiWZm?/,v/yy;//w,///^^^^^  Dubuc     ....   August  G  Elfros    ...:.    July 110 j to  support .the  young plant until  it  Elstow     July 29   gets enough roots and leaves to gatli  Estevan   :   July 28-29  Fairmede  August 12  Fertile Belt  August 12  Foam Lake       - luly 29  Fort Qu'Appelle    August 4  Francis  August 10  Gainsboro    July 30  Govan       July  22-23  Grenfell  August 3  'Hartley ..  Ha ward en  Herbert ..  Humboldt  Imperial .  Indian Head  ... August o  . ..���������  July  27  ;..   August- 19  August 12-13     July 30  ���������   August 4-5  Invermay     July 20  Kelliher      August   6  Kennedy       August  10  No Separate Peace Pact  in  Before   Marne   There   Was   Party  France   That   Nearly   Sold   Its  Country    (  Certain French newspapers reprint,  with the consent of the government  censors, an article published in'the  Democarte de Delemont, stating that  previous to the battle of the Marne  a party existed in France which was  ready to sign a peace, at the same  time ceding to Germany the towns  of Briey and Nancy,.French Lorraine,  the Island of Madagascar and the  Protectorate of Morocco, as well as  paying an indemnity. The article continues: -      .       ���������  "General Joffre, the French commander in chief, President Raymond  Poincare and most of the cabinet  ministers were opposed to the plan,  but the situation became so tense as  to necessitate the resignation of  Adolphe ,Messimy as minister of war  and the5formation of a ministry of  national defence.  "After: the battle of Marne Germany proposed peace through ex-  Premier Joseph Caillaux, offering to  give up the provinces of Alsace and  Lorraine, with the exception of  Strassburg, receiving in exchange a  small zone on the North Sea coast  extending from Calais to Dunkirk,  France, in addition, was to acknowledge the annexation of Belgium by  Germany.  "The answer to this proposal was  the signing of a convention by the  allies to make no separate peace. After this M. Caillaux was appointed to  an important position in the pay  corps, but later was relieved of this  post and sent on a mission to Brazil."  Kerrobert  Kinistino      .Kindersley  .'....  Lanigan ........  Langham .......  Lashburn    ..  Lipton  .....   Luseland   Lloydminster ...  Lumsden \ ..   Milestone   ..  Macoun   Mortlach   Marcelin   ....'...  Melfort  .........  Maymont -   Macklin    Moosomin      Moose Jaw ..  Melville   Maple Creek   Nokomis   North Battleford  Oxbow     Outlook  ....  Ogema   .....   Perdue  .........  Paynton  July 23-24  September 24  ......  July 21  ..  July 28    July 30  ......   July  28  ...... July 30  .....   Jmy 20  ... August 19  ...   August  6  ....   August 5  .. August 6     July 30  ...August   3  September 23  ...   October   1  ......  July 27  ..   August  3-4  ..'. August 3-6  ..   August  11  ... August 20  ...... August 4  . August 17-18     August 4   .. July 2S  ..... July 27  ..... July 29  ...   August 20  The Horse and the War  The whole number of horses requisitioned in England, Scotland and Ireland on mobilizati'n for the European war last summer was 134,000, according to the British war office.  .These were obtained within twelve  days. Since mobilization .was completed about 05,000 more have been  taken, making all told 200,000 horses  supplied to the army in a little more  than five months. Probably 20,000  more'have gone from Canada and a  like number from the United States  since  the  beginning  of hostilities.  Plenty    July 22  Punnichy    August 5  Prince Albert  August 10-11  Qu'Appelle   August 13  Quill Lake   .September 29  Readlyn  July 28  Itosthern  August 5  Radisson    July 29  Redvers   August 5  Regina    July   26-31  Saltcoats    .-������������������ ....July 2S  Stoughton    ���������       August  G  Strassburg      August 3  Saskatoon   Juiy 3-6  Shellbrook .-. August ���������>  Swift Current August 17-18  Tantallon      Atfg'ist 1C  Togo  . .-��������� July 27  Tisdale     September 22  Unity    Jt'ly 2S  Vonda   August 3  Weyburn      August 2-4  Wadena   July 30  Wadena     September 28  Watson    September .30  Wilkie       July  29-30  Windi.horst       August 5  Wapella       August.^  Whitewood    ..- August  13  Watrous   August 13  Wynyard  . -  July 20  Wolseley  August 10-11  Yorkton      July 2.1-23  Yellow Grass ���������/    August 6  Zealandia     July 23  er its own food frcm the air and  soil. A heavy, plump seed should  give birth to a stronger, more vigorous plant than'will a shrunken seed,  just as a cow in good condition will  give birth to a stronger, better calf  than will a cow. so poor and thin that  she can scarcely walk.  It has also been found that the  plump kernel can feed the plantlet  better because it has more to feed it.  A good, strong calf, turned into a pasture, will not thrive- on grass alone,  but if the grass is supplemented by  the milk of its mother it will grow  splendidly. Likewise, a.small grain-"  plant in a field,- if its food supply in  the soil is supplemented with the  stored-up food in the mother-kernel,  will grow strong, but if it must depend entirely on the food in the soil  it'will"grow .'very slowly, if at all.  Two men, or a man and a boy, can  run grain through an ordinary farm-  size fanning mill at the rate, of: about.  30 or 40 bushels per hour, and grade  it as indicated. If the seed is fairly  good, half of the best of it may be  used for seed. If it is not very good,  only 10 per cent, or, 25 per cent,  should be kept for seed. The amount  taken out can be regulated by adjust-  ing-.the sieves and wind. The lighter  grain separated is not wasted, as it  may be sold or used for feed. The  plan simply provides'for using the  best seed for seeding, r>nd disposing  of, the poorer seed, just as one saves  the best animals for his breeding  stock and sells the others.  If 25 per cejnt. of the grain is saved  for seed, its only cost is to grade "it or  separate it from the other grain. If  two men, whose-time" is-worth-50  cents per hour, can run 32 bushels of  grain through a fanning mill, and  grade out eight bushels of -.the  best seed, the additional cost of the  8 bushels will be 50 cents, or 6 cents  per. bushels. We know that such  work, well done,' will return at least  500 per cent, on the investment.���������  Minneapolis Journal. ...",-  Good Advice. for' the Country School  Prof. Ciias. W. Eliot, Noted American Educationalist,.  Believes that every Child should Learn the Elements  of Agriculture  ^w������>;Q'<f  ?  *���������*     ������5>  I trust, Miss Tappit, said the benevolent employer to his stenographer/  that you have something in reserve  for a rainy day.  Yes, sir, said the earnest young  woman, I am going to marry a man  named Mackintosh.  W   N   U. 1043  Metz, the . greatest stronghold in  Alsace-Lorraine, is protected by  eleven forts, and in peace time it is  the centre of the German army. It3  sister fortress, Strassburg, designed  by Moltke, was considered by him  to be impregnable. It is protected by  fifteen forts, connected by citadel  railways, and from it armies can  manoeuvre east or west of the Rhine  without intervention.  "Why, what in the world has become of your watch? The one you  used to have had a handsome   gold  C3.SC "  "I'know it. did, but circumstances  alter cases."  Prohibition in Iceland <  Incidental to the project of per:  sonal reform through national prohibition it is to be noted that the parliament of Iceland has made a law  forbidding the sale of alcoholic liquors within its jurisdiction. While  Iceland is a Danish colony and subject to the authority of King Christian, its parliament has control of  local aaffirs, and the experiment now  undertaken undoubtedly will be carried out without interference.  It has signfiicance more especially  because of the recent autocratic edict  making "dry" the great territory of  the empire of Russia. So far this  latter seems to have proved successful. Iceland, with some 85,000 inhabitants, ought to be able to control the  matter as effectively as has been  done wtih the millions of vodka drinkers in Russia.  It is not an affair of local option,  however, but of national preference,  and in this respect it may be instructive in its operation.���������Boston Post.  1 am glad to hear that The Banker-  ' Fanner, is,to deal in its August issuu  ,., with common school education in this  '\ country, especially iii the rural (lis-  '   tricts. ' .  -  There is great need foi-a thorough  Reconstruction of the programs of the  rural schools. ��������� The instruction which  they now provide in reading, writing  .'and arithmetic should not be diminished in .amount, but- altered in na-  Mure.-The greater part of the direct  'instruction should relate -to natural  history, . agriculture and farm .life;  and the books used fojr teaching  - reading and. spelling should be on  these subjects, with" additional primers on geography/American history,  and civics. The arithmetic should  be confined to the "simplest examples  . in addition, subtraction, multiplication  and division, decimals 'being made  , familiar almost .from the", start; for  the well-taught child will -learn' about  tenths and hundredths-as quickly "as-  aoout tens and , hundreds. All the  child's reading, and all the teacher's  ��������� oral instruction, should be"illustrated  with concrete .examples, and every  child should bo trained to see,' hear,  and touch accurately, and to remember what it thus learns by observation.  An important part of the school program should be devoted to the training  of the -senses,-, and to this kind of training of the memory. No matter what  system be employed in teaching reading, every child should learn the alphabet by heart; and Whenever a change is made in the system of teaching the  children to write���������such changes have been .too frequent.of late���������the change  should apply only to beginners, and not to the children who have already  practiced long the rejected system. In the last two years of the rural  school's course, every child mould-learn the elements of agriculture and.  gardening^ and should have a garden plot to cultivate. 'Prizes should be offered for the best ."plots'.of vegetables, small fruits, and flowers.' Every boy-  should be given practice in; the use of carpenter's tools; and every, girl  should be taught to sew, cook and can fruits and-vegetables. Reading aloud-  and singing should be a substantial part of every rural school's program.  The practice in English composition jsliould mainly cons'ist of -writing descriptions of what the child itself "sees, hears or touches.  These improvements in rural schools cannot be made without spending  more money than towns and counties have been.in the habit of appropriating; but no town or county expenditure "will be so profitable to the community as the expenditure which makes these changes possible.  "In order to put these improvements into execution on a large scale, all  normal schools will have tp prepare their-graduates to give instruction in  the subjects'.'and methods indicated. Some normal schools are doing that  now, but by no means all.    '  :    . .  ----- In the meantime, granges, farmers' club's, bankers* and manufacturers'  associations, endowed educational''.'boards, and private givers may well promote liberally this much-needed" refo.rm.���������From   ths   Banker-Farmer.  To Assist Farmers of West  Over 2,000 Miles New Railway  According to figures just issued by  the Dominion government the new  single track constructed in Western  Canada during the year amounted to  2,088 miles. On the basis that a railway line serves the territory for ten  miles on each side, this new mileage  has brought railway service to 41,760  square miles of territory.  Houseman���������If I'd known you were  going to drop in on us so unexpectedly, we would have had a better dinner.  Horton���������Don't mention it, old man;  but next time I'll be sure to let you  know.  Banks Will  Send  Them  Circulars  on  the Moisture Problem  The chartered banks in the prairie  provinces have jointly decided to  send through the mails this spring  one hundred thousand circular letters  to farmers, urging them to do the  necessary -work to preserve the moisture in the soil. This is a step which  has never before been taken in the  history of banking in this province.  The message to farmers was prepared  by the department of agriculture of  Saskatchewan and it is intended as a  last word to grain growers before  they go on land in the spring. Packages of these circulars, with the best  advice of experts in grain growing,  will be sent to hundreds of branch  banks and from these branches copies  will be mailed to thousands of customers. Copies of the circulars will  also be posted in many public places  in the towns where the banks have  these branches.  "There is no sentiment in this proposed action of the banks," said a  leading,banker. "Many- thousands of  grain growers in the prairie provinces  owe money to the banks and we are  naturally anxious that they should all  be in a position to pay this next fall.  The condition this spring will be veyr  much better than it was last spring  in the matter of moisture. If sufficient work is done by our grain growers to preserve the moisture that is  already in the cround, a failure of  the crop of 1915 from- drought would  be impossible. We are therefore urging the farmer to prevent evapora  tion and preserve moisture.".  Use for Flax Straw  May  In  A Scottish recruit. Btood or. guard  before a colonel's tent, when the  colonel, putting out his hesd, said  sternly to the new soldier:  "Who are you?"  "Final    Hoo's yerseif?"  Develop    a   Linen   Industry  Western Canada  An outcome of tlie war -in Belgium  may be the transferring of an important linen industry 'to Canada. The  movemenmt is beiiig projected by  Belgians with a view of relieving the  suffering among the unemployed . of.  that country.  Western Canada offeis special opportunities to the flax industry, which  has been brought to a state of high  standard in Belgium, but owing to the  war is now at a standstill. The making of linen has been a>large and important industry in the little country  that has made so heroic.:, showing in.  the present war. A large number of  women are or were employed in the  manufacture of liiien and they are  thrown out of work. In order to organize the industry in the -west of  Canada, efforts will be made to get in  touch with the large Belgian manufacturers. Thousands of women are  thrown out of employment and these  could well emigrate to Wetsern Canada and there find the very work waiting for them to which they have been  used all their lives. It is expected  that should the movement from Belgium be affected in any large proportions, a large number of male experts  will.also take advantage o^ the new  country.  Flax straw of an estimated value  running into millions of dollars is  burnt every year in Western Cauada  for lack of facilities to utilizo it.  "What's the difference," asked the  teacher, "between caution and cowardice?"  Johnny, who obeyed things care?  fully for so youthful a person, answered:  "Caution ��������� fs when you're'afraid, andl  cowardice is when the other fellow'fi  afraid."  H\  I  i  MmnBsnBHffsmmminni  mmammmasmi .l*."v^]J.^-.������ '  -ft*  3?HE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  The Wretchedness  ������f Constipation  "<������������n quickly be overcome by' ���������   ,  ^fARTER,S LITTLE  EIVER PILLS  Purely vegetable  , <7-act surely and  rjenfly on tho 3  Jrer. .QjroY',  ,(Biliousness,  dcno, ���������������  ������>izzi- '."  2*33, and Indigestion.    They  do their duty.  Small Pill, Small Doie, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  3wm������$������&3������&w8&������������mi������&mmB  cntr*&ao to rldo ������nd txhlblt* *Mpla imj Hyilos  Hlcyxle, with all latest imprsvemwt*.       ���������  Wo ship on approval to  I ������ny wldrmi In Ciiuda, without ur  " ?������p���������It,nd,J!o,'><>I>ATS'THIAt.  ������*ill not cert you odt etntU-Ml  ' ^lltlltiod aftar Bitaff bloyclo to days.  ilW 5f������u/n������$<tf any fries until yog  J(etourUt������tui5iiliuirttodc������t������logu������  ]lutdlearn cttKOout our ���������ptdal prop*  RodcaUIoguawithfuBputtaiUftTrffl .  botoDttoyou Freo������Pea*pAfCB| -  byroturnnnU.  Do not W������it.  Writs it now.  HTSLOP .QHOTHEa8,Llmltod  P������*. V   mONTO, Curie  Children Teething  BABY IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  J.AUQHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs. -"Winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIC  SREE TO ALL SUFFERERS  ifroufoel "OUT of SORTS' "RUN DOWN' 'GOT the BLUES'  lVTrir from Kro.N'EV, bladder, nervous diskasbs,  ���������JHSONIO WKAKNKSS.ULCERS,SKIN HRUFTIO.NS.flLKS.  ���������jrrlt* for FREE cloth bound medical book on  lkoia illieauti tad wonderful CURES effected by  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. No1 N.2N.3  THERAPION^mfc  4o remedy for YOUR OWN ailment. Absolutely FREH  Ho "follow up' circulars. No obligations. Dr.LeCLEKO  Mkd.Co.HaverstockRd.Uami'ste^d LONDON.ENO  TTI WANT  TO  fROV* THERAPION WILL CUBIC YO������.  Tumors, Lupus cured without knlfo or I  pain. All work Buarantecd. ?%&������$$������  '    '    DR. WILLIAMS, Specialist on Confer. I  2905 University Avo. 8. K. Minnempolin. Minn. I  Stop Traffic in Opium  Protocol  Aims at the Suppression of  s Opium Traffic  The protocol - of the anti-opium  convention of 1912, wliicA aims at  die suppression of the opium traffic  and international traffic in cocaine  and other noxious and habit-forming  drugs, was signed at The Hague re-  centlyby.. Henry Van Dyke, the American minister to The Netherlands;  Ting Tsing Fow, the Chinese minister, and; M. Loudon, The Netherlands minister of foreign affairs.  The'-affixing, of'ties3 signatures to  .ihe protocol b ythe -diplomats puts  "the convention into immediate force  for the signatory countries which  comprise -y approximately 475,000,000  inhabitants���������China, with an estimated :. population of 3301,000,000; the  anited States, 100,000,000, and The  Netherlands and her dependents; 45,-  ;)00,000.-"..->  The international opium conference  held a series of meetings at The  Hague in; June of last year. -  -.Before .-adjourning the conference  requested Foreign Minister Loudon  lo obtain-ratifications from the adhering powers.  No one need endure the agony of  corns...with Holloway's Corn Cure at  hand -to remove tlieiu.   ���������  The general was riding on a blaz-  . tag-hot.day when..a.dilapidated soldier, his clothes in rags and witli no  shoes, his head ��������� bandaged and his  arm in a sling, came in sight.  The general stopped. "Why, my  sood fellow, you seem to be" pretty  well done for?.';.  "Yes. sir; I am just a bit," said  ihe soldier. Then, looking up at the  general, }ie said:  "General, I love my country. I'd  fight for my country. I'd starve and  go thirsty for my country. I'd die for  my country. But if ever this confounded war is over I'll never love another  country."  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  Canadian Beavers at San Francisco  Included with the exhibits in the  Canadian-pavilion at San Francisco  are a family of beavers, representing  ihe Canadian official emblem. The  Canadian pavilion is the largest of si!!  foreign structures at S.-n. Francisco,  and every foot of the interior is demoted to exhibits showing the resources and beauties of" Canada.  Absolutely  Painless  No cutting, no plast-  ^     _ ers or pads to press  IyO * tiie S0r8    sP������t- ��������� P"t*  *-**-' ��������� nam's   (Extrnctor  makes the corn go without pain. Takes  j>ut the sting ovenight. Never fails���������  leaves no scar.    Get a 135c bottle of  Putnam's Corn Extractor today.  ore  Corns  W. N. U. 1043  Use of Vaccines in Disease  (Contributed by Unrversity of Alberta)  After many, years, of studying bacteria'in a laboratory scientists have  discovered that'by growing bacteria,  killing theni by heat, ��������� and injecting  them into the human bodysby means'  of. a hypodermic syringe s' they can  cause the blood of that-body to form  a substance' that will protect it from  the disease which that germ- .would  cause. This preparation is called a  vaccine and is used to prevent typhoid fever." It-is" also .used as-a'  treatment-for the disease. ��������� -Many:  other bacteria are prepared in the  same way and wil cure boils, erysipi-  las and some forms of blood poisoning. Dog's distemper, which is due to  a special microbe,, can be .prevented  and treated  in  a similar manner.  There" is another way in which disease's caii be prevented and treated.  If the poison found by bacteria is injected into a horse, a substance will,  be manufactured in its blood which  will prevent the horse from taking  the disease caused by these bacteria.  If -then 'tome of the blood be drawn  off and allowed to-clot, the serum or  watery part can be taken, and used  to treat human beings. For instance,  diphtheria anti-toxin is made by injecting a horse with the poison  formed by the diphtheria germ which  has been grown in the culture, tube,  and thus,we get from the horse without killing it the anti-toxin, which  every year saves thousands of lives  all over the world. ' ��������� - ���������  A serum which is used to prevent  hog cholera is prepared in much the  same way. '  All this work has been done by  scientists in the last "fifteen years.  Another fifteen yedrs may see wiped  out some of the diseases which have  from the earliest period of. the  world's history visited, us as plagues  and caused sums of money to indin.l-  uals and governments which might  have been spent in giving us better  health and greater-happiness while  we lived.  NOTHING CAN EQUAL-  BABY'S OWN TABLETS  Mrs. Alex. Butchard, Conn, Ont.,  writes: "My daughter has used  Baby's Own Tablets for her baby and  thinks there is nothing to equal them  for little ones. All' mothers, who have  used the Tablets, say the same,thing.  They break up colds, regulate the  bowels and stomach and keep the little ones healthy and happy..They afe  sold by medicine dealers or by mail  at' 25 cents a box from The Dr. Williams'  Medicine  Co., Brockville, Out.  More Farm Animals  On farms and ranges in tho "United  "States January 1, 1915', if the estimators of the department of agriculture  estimate correctly there were 198,577,-  000 farm animals���������21,195,000 horses,  4,479,000 . mules, 21,2G2,000 milch  cows, 37,067,000 other cattle, 49,956,-  000 sheep and G4,618,000 swine-  valued at. $5,960,253,000.  Compared with January 1, 1914, the  following changes are indicated: In  the total numbers there was an increase of 7,922,000���������horses contributed 33,000'- to this gain, mules  30,000,' milch cows ^S.OOO, other cattle 1,212,000, sheep 237,000, swine 5,-  685,000���������and $78,024,000 was added to  the total value.  These figures are of particular  interest because they promise a somewhat larger domestic meat supply  in the near future and hold out a hope  of lower prices for steaK, mutton and  pork.���������Bocton Globe.  MOTHERHOOD is not a  time for experiment, but for  proven qualities, and nothing  exceeds, the value of good  cheer,, needful exercise and  SCOTT'S EMULSION.  SCOTT'S EMULSION charges the  blood with life-sustaining richness,  suppresses nervous conditions, aids  the quality and quantity of milk  and insures sufficient fat.  It������ COD LIVER OIL fesds tho very,  life cell*. Its LIME and SODA help  aroid ricketa and malco toothing-easy.  14-46 AvoidSubstltatni.  few^tf.^Mj.^-v^via.^bMWMr.^.'isMsra  Capture Slave Ship  British . Battleship Rescues African  Slaves From Arabs  A letter received from Arthur I-Ian-  kin, now serving as wireless operator  on a British battleship cruising off  northeast Africa, describes the capture, in the Red Sea, of a large sailing vessel engaged in carrying captured African natives to Arabia, to be  sold as slaves. The letter says, in  :part:  "There was a large canvas lying in  lier bow, and when this was raised we  found the front of the ship packed  with slave women and little boys.  The poor women were scared -nearly  to death. The slavers had told them  we" would cut off their heads if we  caught them, and threatened to 'knife  them if they moved under the canvas. .* ~  "We had to lower a boat and lift  them' into it, and then raise them in  the boat on board. So weak and  cramped' were they that they could  hardly stand. Some men and boys  taken off were in much better condition, although they had been chained  in the ship eight days. The last two  days they had been without food. The  sailors from our ship had to pick  them up bodily and carry them below.  "When we landed, these poor people, after they had learned we were  their saviors, fell down at the feet of  the sailors and kissed their boots. Instead of going into slavery they, will  be turned over to the convent and  educated and then sent back to their  native homes in Africa."  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Products  of  Alberta  Are   Varied  An exhibit which has been set up  at Lethbridge, Alberta, by the-Domin-  ion government experimental farm to  demonstrate what Southern Alberta  soil can produce, includes excellent  samples of field peas, alfalfa, vetches,  red clover, seed alfalfa, millet, brome  and rye grass, Kentucicy blue grass,  timothy, wheat, barley, oats, corn,  asparagus, celery and pz-actically  every kind of vegetables and small  fruits, strawberries, currants, crab  apples, raspberries, rhubarb, etc. The  Lethbridge district enjoys irrigation,  and promises to become one of the  most productive crop centres in Canada.  How's Thi^?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's .Catarrh  Cure.i  I<\ J. CHENEY.  & CO., Toledo, O.  Wo, the undersigned, have known F. J.  Cheney for the last .10 years, and believe  him pei-fec/Cly honorable in all business  transactions and financially able to carry  out any obligations  made  by his firm.  NATIONAL, BANK OF COMMERCE,  Toledo,  O.  Hall's-Catarrh Cure Is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of tr.c system. Testimonials sent free.. j.Jrice, 75 cents per bottle.  Sold by all  Druggists.  Take Hall's Family Pills for constipation.  The provincial government of Saskatchewan estimates that eight million two hundred and fifty thousand  acres of land are ready for seeding in  that province, of which sixty per cent,  will be devoted to wheat, twenty-nine  per cent, to oats, eight per cent, to  barley, and three per cent, to flax. It  is estimated that seventy per cent,  of last year's total crop area is now  ready for seed, which is the largest  percentage ever attained in Saskatchewan.  How useless girls are today. I  don't believe you know what needles  are for.  How absurd you are, grandma, protested the girl. Of course I know'what  they are for. They're to make the  p'raphophone play.  Wellington Campaign Plans  The map found on a captured Uhlan  marked with the prearranged  marches of the German troops reminds one that Wellington distrusted  fixed plans of campaign. Asked on  one occasion how he managed to capture Napoleon's marshals one after  the other, he replied: "They planned  their campaigns just as you might  make'a splendid set of harness. It  looks very .'well, it answers very well,  until it gets broken and' then you're  done for. Now, I made my campaign  of ropes. If anything went wrong,' 1  tied a knot and went on."  A-New Industry  Make   Binder  Twine     From     British  Columbia Hemp  The Indians of Central British Colombia, both those living in the coast  villages and .in the interior are" ingenious and clever in certain crafts  and arts. As weavers, carvers, carpenters and boat builders their reputation is well known, but few are  aware that jLhey are skilful' ropo  makers.  From tlie wild hemp which is indigenous to the country they make a  very fine- . and ' exceedingly strong  rope, with a finish which any rope  factory in the world would be proud  of.  At Awillgate, an interesting and'  picturesque village in the Bulldey  Valley, close to New Hazelton, one  of the promising towns on the Grand  Trunk Pacific Railway, an opportunity is given of inspecting some  of this rope, and also a quantity of  the hemp in course of preparation for  the final process. The Indians use it  for "tracking" their 'heavily laden  canoes up the swift rivers in tow, a  test that proves-its qualities beyond  the question of a doubt.  From the same hemp the Indians  also make a stout twine and a,sewing thread, but not so much as in former days when those articles were  much more costly than they are today. The twine was used chicfi-y  for making fishing nets.  In view of the present interest in  Canadian industrial development, the  question naturally suggests itself,  could not this hemp be cultivated for j  the manufacture of, sa3% binder twine  for which there is such a great demand, in the agricultural regions of  Western Canada, and for which the  raw material has' to be imported  from distant countries. This wild  hemp "might not only be made to  contribute to the industrial wealth of  Canada, but also be made a source  of. employment to the Nation Indian "wards, who could probably be  induced to cultivate it; and even  manufacture rope and "twine. with  modern machinery.  You will find relief in Zaw-Buk!  It eases the burning,. stinging  pain, stops bleeding and brings  ease. Perseverance, with Zam-  Buk, means cure; Why not prove  this 7   -^ DruQoMii and Storec-  fOobox.  nmuwmmmmiwmtmwaa!^^^-^. i  Jellicoe as a Boxer  Had No Power  Famous Vice-Admiral, a Noted Athleta  in His Younger Days  -  In  the British .army and navy the  great 'game of boxing has long been  the most popular sport of both officers and men.  Perhaps a majority of the officers  and tars of the British navy today-  are clever boxers, but, age and weight,  considered, there isn't a better fistic  gladiator in his majesty's navy who  can give a better account of himself  than Vice Admiral Sir John Jellicoe,  the commander of the North Sea  fleet. The admiral has passed hia  fifty-fifth milestone, but he is still  active and strong and fond of a stiff  bout with the niittr.  In his younger days the little sea.  fighter���������he is only five feet four  inches in height���������was the bantamweight champion of the British navy.  Stories of his fistic prowess are still  current, and it is said he scored  many victories over lightweights and  welterweights. In those days "Jelly,"  as he was popularly called, always  entered the ring a favorite. At Rot-  t.ingdean, where he received his Jan-1  education he was a famous football  player, although lie weighed only  about 115 pounds.  Through his fondness for strenuous sports lie developed a constitution which was strong enougi- to*  bring him through many perils on sea  and land, and without which he would  never have lived to reach the high  honors he holds today.  Whistler -ivas once taken by a  friend to the home of a newly rich  millionaire who had been gathering a  collection of dubious, paintings supposedly by old masters. After Whistler viewed the collection his friend  paid: '  ��������� "Now, Whistler, Mr. Blank wants  to make, provision in his will to bequeath these paintings, and he would  like, a suggestion ^from you as to  which institution to give them."  Promptly came the answer: "The  East End Institution for the Blind."  Russia is 20 times large;." than  France and . Germany put together  (8,400,000 square miles), an-1 .her  population' is "supposed to number  165,000,000, being 100,000,000 more  than that of Germany. Canada's area  is 3,729,6G5 square miles.  The Doctor's Wife  Agrees With  Him About Food  A trained nurse says: "In the practice of my profession I have found so  many points in favor of Grape-Nuts  Food that I unhesitatingly recommend  it to all ny patients.  ."It is delicate and pleasing to the  palate (an essential in food for the  sick) and can be adapted to r.ll ages,  being softened with milk or cream  for babies or the aged when deficiency  of teetii renders mastication impossible. For fever patients or those on  liquid diet 1 find Gi-ape-Nuts and albumen water very nourishing and refreshing..  "This recipe is my own idea and is  made as follows: Soak a teaspoonful  of Grape-Nuts in a glass of water for  an hour, strain and serve with the  beaten white of an egg and a spoonful of fruit juice for flavoring. This affords a great deal of nourishment  that even the weakest stomach can  assimilate without any distress.  "My husband is a physician and he  iis.es Grape-Nuts himself and orders it  many times for his patients.  "Personally I regard a dish of  Grape-Nuts with fresh or stqwed fruit  as the ideal breakfast for anyone���������  well or sick."  In stomach trouble, nervous prostration, etc., a 10 day trial of Grape-  Nuts will usually work wonders toward nourishing and rebuilding and  in this way end the trouble. Name  given by Canadian Postum Co., Windsor, Out.  Look in pkgs. for the famous little  book, "The Road to Wellville.",  Ever re?.d the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true and full of human  Interest.  Locomotor Ataxia, Heart Trouble and  Nervous Spells Yielded to  Dr.  Chase's Nerve  Food  It would be easy to tell you how  Dr. Chase's  Nerve Food /mres  locomotor   ataxia   and   derangements   of  heart and nerves, but it may be more  satisfactory to you to read this letter.  Mrs. Thos.-Allan, R.F.D. 3, Sombra,  Ont, writes: "Five years ago I suffered  a  complete breakdown,  and  frequently had palpitation of the heart.  Since that illness I have had  dizzy  spells, liad no power over my limbs  (locomotor ataxia)    and  could    not  walk straight. At .night I would have  severe nervous spells with heart palpitation, and would shake as though  I had the ague.   I felt improvement  after using the first box of Dr. Chase's  Nerve Food, and after continuing the  treatment   can   now   walk,   eat   and  sleep well, have no nerjouis spells and  do not require heart medicine. I have  told several of my neighbors of, the  splendid   results  obtained  from   the  use of Dr. Chase's Nerve Food."  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, 50c a box,  6 for $2.50, all- dealers, or Edmansem,  Bates  4r Co., Limited, Toronto.  World's   Busiest   Depot.  During the twenty-four hours no  fewer than 2,139 trains pass through  the' Embankment Station, London,  and each one stops there. That is  absolutely a woi Id's record.  On the district^ railway section  alone as many as forty-four trains an  hour are run on a single set of rails.  When it is borne in mind that every-  train slows down to enter the station,  stops a brief perioci, and takes a few  seconds to get up speed again, repeating the same .process less than  half a mil3 further on, it will be realized not ,onl ythat the service must  be run with clockwork regularity, but  that such volume of traffic could not  be bandied at all if the elimination of  seconds had not-been elevated into an art  The London underground service  is, in fact, almost the only one, if  not the only oiio, in the world whose  time table is base: not on minutes  but ou seconds.  It is Wise to Prevent Disorder.���������  Many cases lead to disorders of the  stomach and few are free from thorn.  At the first manifestation that the  stomach and liver arc not performing  their functions, a course of Parmc-  lee's Vegetable Pills should be tried,  and it will be found that the digestive  organs will speedily resume healthy  action. Laxatives and sedatives are  so blended in these pills that no other  preparation could be so effective as  they.  Whacked   German's   Head  It  is   a  favorite  trick  of  German  spies    to  dress  up  as  women, and,  speaking French, get into the British  lines.  Two of these, who had been overheard asking some soldiers in English what they got to eat aroused the  suspicions of a sergeant.  "I nipped across quick to say  something to one of ouk. officers," lie  says. "He heard, came across behind  the two.peasant women, got one neck  in each hand and just whacked their  heads together before they knew it.  He pretty well st...uied them, and  then we had 'cm Into brigade headquarters. They turned out to be two  German men, and I think it .was a  bullet for  each  soon  afterwards."  It Bids Pain Begone.���������When neuralgia racks the "nu-v-s or lumbago cripples the back is the time to test the  virtues of Dr. Thomas' Eclectric Oil.  Well rubbed in it will still the.pain  and produce a sensation of ease and  rest. There is nothing like it as a liniment for its curat.ve properties' are  great. A trial of it will establish faith  in it.  A Difference  Hostess (at party)���������Docs ' ynur  mother allow you to have two pieces  of pie when you are at home, Willie?  "Willie (who has asked for a second  piece)���������No, ma'am.  Well, do you think she'd like -you  to have two pieces here?     ?  Oh, confidently, she wouldn't care.  This isn't her pie.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  U.S. Petroleum Production  The production of petroleum in the  United States in 1914 surpasses that  of any previous year in the history of  the industry, according to John X).  Northup, of the United States Geological Survey, the output being estimated at 292,000,000 barrels. These  preliminary figures indicate an increase of more than 13 percent, over  the production of 1913, which reached  the record breaking total of 248,446,-  230 barrels. Of the total 1914 oil output, Mr. Northup estimates that nearly 70 per cent, came from .California  and Oklahoma.���������Dun's Review.  M TROUBLE ALL  '$ HEAD  Like Little Water Blisters. Itched  So Could Not Sleep. Cross and  Fretful. Hair All Dropped Out, Cu-  ticura Soap and Ointment Healed,   ������   99 Foundry St.. Moneton, X. B.���������"My  little Rlrl's troitblo sturU'd Just lil.-o lltllo  ���������water blistors on her head, -which went all  over lior head, 'i'hoy iu.-hed so shy (,-oiiWl  not sleep afc nl^clit and she would cry by tfm  hour and then s;ho would scratch i(. 1 never  had any rest with her night or day .she wn.i  so cross and fretful. She failed in liuulih.-  All her hair dropped oul.  "I was given a wash for it and a salvo ���������  and I used tl'.em and they did her no Kood.  Then I got ~ Ointment which did her  no good. I was fold about Culieura Suai>  and Ointment which healed her head in two  months." (Signed; Mrs. James Flood,  War. 11, 101-1.  PIMPLES AND BLACKHEADS  ~- 40 Stephanie St., Toronto, Onl.���������" Ulaclc-  hcads eamo on my faco and'then afterward*  pimples came. They bceamo red and sora  fcollng,  then festered and burst.    I tried   Ointment but it was not suwossful.  Then a friend told mo that Culieura Soa|i  and Ointment were the boat I could use. I  suffered for two month* beforo I used them.  I only usod Cutioura Soap and Ointment  Tor threo weeks and they healed my faco.'  ''Signed) Arthur J. Every, May ^������J, 1911    *'  i Samples Free hy Mall  /  Cutleura .Soap and Ointment sold throughout tho world. For liberal frco samplo of  each, with 32-p. book, send post-card t������  ':Culieura,': Dopt. D, Boston., U. ti. A. ^,  j..rllu������r,,^rl<j-|  rV* .^-v ftS������������AWVirt-Jn*'������������,ii'.iAii.;  THE   SUN,    JRAND    FORKS, ;,������. C.  ail)^  SUBSCRIPTION KAIBH !  One  Kear *1.5U  One Your (in'advance) '. < 1.00  Due Year, in' United States...- '... l.M  ���������    Address all communications to  The Grand.Fouks Sun,  '  1'rfONB R74 Gband Fokks. B.C  v^*v**hj^ **+*v,^i ^ *���������**������  Canada as already   provided   is cov-  A. evans. Editor and publisher   efed by 850,000,00U ' borrowed   last  .year   and   a   loan of   6100,000,000"  authorized    for     this   year.     Thi* \  J i  money has been borrowed in Lou-,  don, and all that Canada needs to |  provide against it is $7,000,000 fori  interest and sinking fund. That  ainount could be saved by .business  economy in . expenditure without  'the imposition of one-quarter of the  taxes which go into effect today.  The salaries of one-half the twenty-  one thousand appointees to ten  thousand vacancies alone almost  equal that sum. The recent investi-  gations*of the public accounts committee explains-very largely the incidence uf Ihe so called war' tuxes.���������  Victoria Timts.  FRIDAY, APRIL .23,. 1915 .  The nomination of J. E.  -Thompson as the standard  bearer of the Liberal party in  the Grand Forks riding in the  forthcoming provincial election is highly commended by  the electors irrespective of  party affiliations. The choice  was a wise one. It is doubtful if a man better qualified  to fill the position which Mr.  Thompson will occupy could  have been found in the district. During his long residence in the Boundary he has  DF THE CITY  Don't  wait  too long-.to  have  that  <-" reset.   Your diamond set  while you-wait. ��������� / -  We have a  1 nice line of.  * mounts in stock now  A. D, MORRISON ^^o^l?^.  TAKES OFF DANDRUFF,  HAIR STOPS FALLING}  TO   ARRIVE II'a ������* ftffc OF SEED GRAIN  f\%H    EXAltTft   Seed Potatoes���������Early Eose, Early-  l/Ll    OALW  Six  Weeks,   Carmen   No. -1- and  > American Wonder. Field and Gar--,-  deli Seods of all,kinds on hand at right prices.' .  TERMS  CASH ���������,    . -   -:'.':';���������'.  PHONE 95      FIRST STREET, GRAND FORKS    P, 0, BOX 6I0  Save'your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  stops itching scalp!  F. H. Cunningham, chief fisheries  inspecter,   and  Engineer  Mcliugh,  earned an enviable reputation! of the fisheries department,  will ar  for    integrity,   liberality    and J rive in the city on Monday next   to  straightforwardness; he is  an J investigate the proposal of thelocal  able   and   eloquent     platform-  tfioti and   Game Protective   assouia-  speaker, is .popular with all  classes, and, above all things,  possesses a large amount of  good, practical common sense,  which assertion is plainly attested by the brilliant success  he has made of his own enterprises. These qualities should !tina Lake hotel  win for him a decisive victory  on election, and The Sun firmly believes that this .will be  the result. There are enough  geod, honest Conservatives in  this district, who have become  "disgusted with the machine  methods of the present government, to give Mr. Thompson a substantial majority  over his opponent.  Ubn of putting in a screen across  Christina creek to prevent the bass  in Christiua lake from escaping to  Ihe river. Other fish- propositions  will probably be discussed. An auto  party is being planned and a bass  dinner will be prepared at the Chris-  Thin, hrittle, colorless and scraggy-  hair is mute evidence of a neglected  scalp;   of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  the hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair,  of its lustre, its strength and its very  life; eventually producing a feverish-  ness and itching of the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair root-  to  shrink,  loosen  and  die���������then   t!r  hair falls out fast."  A little Danderi-  tonight���������now���������any   time���������will   sur  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent bottle of Knowlton's  Danderine .from any drug store. You  surely can have" beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just try a little Danderine.     Save, your   hair!    Try   it!  John Wanamakor says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It increases day by day and year by year,  until it exerts an irresistible   power."  Accept no substitutes, but  get the  o.-iginal���������The Grand   Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news   of the  cit'v and district first.  The Sun, at $1 a ye.ir, is superior  to any.������2 a year papei printed in the  Boundary. This is (lie reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemds to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we alreadv have.  Joe Martin's Vancouver Journal  has suspended publication for want  of fund?. Politician? make poor  editors, but editors sometimes make  good politicians.  About 2 o'clock yesterday after  noon tire broke out in the old barn  on .the corner of Donald and Spring  streets, and before the flames could  be extinguished the building and  an adjoining hen house and a shack  were destroyed. Ttie barn was  owned by J. II PUtli Joe Mdnly,  who lost, some g )ods by the fire, had  the building leased The origin ot  }he fire is not known.  POINTtD PARAGRAPHS-  What are erron^oo-ily described as  "war taxes" go- into operation in  Canada today. They include dutias  levied on letters, cheques, money  orders, biils of exchan^, receipts,  ��������� tc , as well as increased . cu-itoms  duties. The government expects to  realize some 830,000;000   from   the  Robert McMcMillan visited " hl.-  sistars in Greenwood on -Wednesday. He was accompanied by  Leonard McMillan, of the Sharp  shooters, who has four brothers ai  the front with the Canadian   contin  gent.  'enrose and  Mr. and Mrs. W.   J    I  family left this afternoon   for a  ten  days' visit "vith friends  in   Vernon.  An  exchange   of   compliments   it.  t;qu  in to trading green goods.  THE  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement? Lime and Piaster  Seed  Grain  and  Garden Seed  ridge Street . Grand "'orlcs, B. C,  SECOND STRKET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand.  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  It takes a very wise-woman to list  en when she can't talk.  Ever}' woman shows bravery when  she has a mouse in a trap.  Femininity is one of the problems  that scentists can not solve.  But a short siege of matrimony will  shatter any woman's ideal.  At 50 a man has forgotten fully  half the tilings he knew at 20.  If a man would pose as a woman  hater he must cut out the fiattory  habit.  A man's deafness has reached the  limit when he can no longer hear a  noise like a skirt.  Every man ha,s an excuse for want-  in" tho earth, but his excuse is never  satisfactory to his neighbors.  It is said that distance lends enchantment to the view���������but not to a  man's view of the amiighty dollar.  The man who sticks upon the job  and finds delight and bliss  In doing more than he is told  this,  like  along  .get  Will  But he who hangs for quitting time"  And hopes the Boss will miss  His idiotic blunders���������Well  He'll   ": ���������-':  <'nt  alonii  like  this  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It!  Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful-^-Get a 25 cent bottle.  of Danderine.  If  . for heavy hair that glls-  Isr.j; -vi'wh neauty and is radiant with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles tlie  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle o!  dandruff. You can not have- uice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre, its strength and  Its very life, and if n:>t overcome it  produce:-: a feverish p.es3 and Itchiiitj of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast, yureJy get a 25-cont bottle of  Know i ton's Danderine from any drug  ctore and just try It  iraers and Prospectors  When doing that work in/Franklin and Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet Your Supplies at the  Gloucester General Store a full line of General  Merchandise, Groceries, Boots, Shoes and Dry Goods,  Hardware. Prices very reasonable. Quotations on  request.  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  The Sun only costs 81 n year.    It  prints all the news.  HANSEN 8 GO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  tl Gait Coal  N  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  First Street  TlU.Kl'HONKS;  OKI-ICK, K1KS  II ANSE.Vs UKSIIJENCB. K38  ite Wy&tadotte&  That Lay and Win :  I won   at   fall show'1st and 2nd  cockerel; lr.fc, 2nd and 3rd pullet.  1st and 2nd pen. .  At winter show I   made four  anbriea  and won. 2nd   cock,  1st cockerel, 1st  hen, 1st pen and silver cups  Egsjs from the above are $2.00  for lo, and special prices given  .on more than 1 5  White Orpingtons  [ won at the   winter, show, making   five  entries, 2nd   cock; 1st,  2nd   and   3rd hen,   1st   pen and  ' silver cup.  1 have one pen of these  mated  up   at  SI.50 a "setting of 15* ,  I    have    two   crosses   mated up.  Red pullet with   Brown Leghorn  . cock and White Orpington    hens   -  with"   White   Leghorn   cockerel.  Eges $1.50 for 12."  DR. DeVAN'S FRENCH PILLS������:  gulntlng Pill for Women. $5 a box or three for  $lO.-..S>old at all Drug Stores, or mailed to any  iiilclross on receipt oL]>riee. The Scoiiem Dm-..  Co.,tit. Catharines, Ontario.   PH0SPH0N0L FOR MEN.   V;;S.  Vitality; for Nerve nnd Brain; iucroises "itroy  matter"; a Tonic���������will build you up. J.l a \s������\, or  two for V>. at drucf fitorrs, or by rnr.i! on r i">i- ;  of price <������������������-The Scoi'.ni.L Drug Co.. St. f'a;lu-.nn-'-.  Ontario.  AUTO LI V  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern. Rigs and Grood  .. Horses "at-All Hours.at  - -the ���������- ' -   .:  ��������� ��������� .-     ���������-  Model'. Livery'.Barn ;  Burns SO'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Grand   Forks Transfer  . PHONE 129  Sole Agents for  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. C.  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     ICE  OFFICE AT PETRIE'S STORE     ,  iPHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, B. C.  Teaming of All Kinds.  Bus and Baggage "at All  Trains.,  Mclntyre 8  Mclnnis, Proprietors  Yale  Barber  Shop  Kuzor Honing: a Specialty.  P. A.  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel. Fikst Street.  nartinnullen  Ail Kinds of Draying  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann Drug Co, 's Store  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE R 18  M a -r r i a g e  ProHibited  Without a proper license  If you issue Marriage Licenses, tell the young folks  about it in ourClassified Ads.  They all know a license is  necessary, but they don't all  know where to get one.  This paper is popular with  the young people.  mm  w^������m������i������,��������� ii������.jmjiiMmiAl  Geo. E,  ass&e  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gent'"men's-  TAILORING  of Every Description  Bridge Street  Grand Forks, B. C.  ��������� TUP  LONDON DIRECTORY  (1'ublishocl Annually)  Kuuliles traders  throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  M ANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contatus lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and the Coloniiil  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  urrunged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc, in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlnrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD."  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E,C.  Pays for The Sun for an entire year.    It is  the brightest paper in the Boundary cou ntry THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  ���������The following is the platform of the  ���������Liberal party   of British - Columbia,  which principles we   pledge   ourselves*  to bring into  operation   when elected  ���������   to power: ,       "        ���������'   .'-���������������������������'  1���������Free Lands ��������� for Settlers���������  None for Speculators, (a) We be  lieve that agricultural-land should be  disposed of only on such conditions as;  will insure its continuous use and oc-  ��������� oupation.  (b) We will utilize as.far-as pract"  cable the resources.of the province in  developing and making ( accessible  the agricultural, and other-latent  wealth of the province by good roads  or water communication where neces  sary.  ��������� (c) Free" homesteads to actual set  tiers: Holders of pre-emptions' to bi-  given benefit of this provision.   '  ' (d) Advances to settlers on en*\  terms to assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and.other permanent improvements. ��������� ,  (e) Surveys of all accessible, agri-  c ultural lands to be rapidly completed  and. survey sheets  and all necessary  . information to be made easily  availa  b e to the public; " .  (f) Settlemeni en block to be dis.  c u raged by the removal" of reserves  frhiuh scatter population-and, greatly  i ncrease the cost of roads,  schools and.  other nacessary-facilities: ��������� ���������    ~"  (g) No public lands for-the specu .  lator.  2���������Transportation .��������� (a) Co operation with the . Dominion government  in securing all-rail connection between  the railway systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland.  - (b) The construction of a line owned  and controlled by the government to  give direct communication by the best  route as to grades and distances be  tween the Similkameen and other-  interior, points and the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the provincial credit to assist lines that will open  up new'territory.'  (d) We^ oppose prouincial credit  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines. -  (e) Abolition of the system of giv-  fng away crown lands for townsites,  iree-of taxation and under railway  control.        - -     .  (f) Ail francises for the 'construction, operation, and ownership or leasing of government aided roads tOvbo  open to public competition.  (g) Tho-provinoe to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction.  (h), The prevention of over-capitalization of railways.    .  .  (iJ~A"id' to railways net   f<>"  exceed  what is reasonably necessary to secure  construction. -. ���������   ..  ' (j)' Freight, passenger ami 'express  rates and telegraph tolls of all government-aided, roads to be under the  jurisdiction of the Dominion'., railway  commission.  (k) With a view to meeting the  demand for the'transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, the  immediate construction of government  owned elevators.  (I) The people to control the ' railways, and" not the railways the people.  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber .policy of the  present government.'"'  (b) The survey, cruising and valuation Of timber lands by., the govern  ment before alienation, and the disposal of all.such lands by public competition to actual users.   '  (c) Improved methods, of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation.  (d) Hand logger^' licenses to be  granted where.conditions warrant  (e) Stability of .tenure, crown dues  and ground rents to be fixed for  definite' periods^  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not.to be  alienated, but leased under conditions  to be fixed periodicallyby the legislature    -     '  (b) Wherever practicable and nee-,  essary, government operation of coal  mines to be a't once undertaken with  a view to. the protection of the consuming public. -  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory board in educational matters,-such as exists in all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is so- overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  branch impossible.  "(c) The increase .of manual and  agricultural training Establishment  of an efficient system of technical  schools. v  (d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be. immediately  adjusted.  ��������� (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution  (b) We  are  pledged   as a party to  A Clean-Cut  gument  In your favor is good printing:    It starts   things  off in..  your favor. People read your  arguments,   reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented.    It   carries   weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing   because   it GETS  BUSINESS.    If you  don't  already known   our kind of  printing,  let  us  show  you.  It's  a   certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  g  Phone R 74.  e Sun Print Shop  The Sun gathers   and   prints   the  news first.    It is not a pirate.  NOTICE OF DISSOLUTION  NOTICE is hereby given that the  partnership heretofore subsisting be  tween us the undersigned as Livery  Stable. Keepers at the City of Grand  Forks, B. C., has been dissolved by  mutual consent. All debts owing to  the said partnership are to be paid to  M. H. Burns and all claims against  the said partnership are to be presented to the said M. H. Burns, by  whom the same will be settled.  Dated at Grand   Forks, B.C.,   this  Kith day of February, A.D. 1915.  Witness: W. B. Cochrane.  M. II. Buiix.s.  :      IX O'Rav.  provide   for   the   equal   suffrage   of  women with men.   ���������  7���������Taxation,     (a)- Exemption  of  improvements   on [all   lands   paying  taxes to the provincial government.  (b) A readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a-fairer proportion of the unearned increment.  (c) Immediate reform of- the present costly, cumbersome and inequitable system of- collecting school faxes  in unorgdnized districts  .8--Labor���������Workmen's Compen  sation Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a) provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus. ',_ ���������..   ^b) A thorough and frequent inspection of all industrial premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety.  (c) The complete prohibition of  child labor in factories and shops   "  (d) The establishment by" the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics. This commission to have, full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving em  ployers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost. '  (e) The extension of the workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly.  (g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day and' six day week on all  public and government aided work.  ��������� 9���������Oriental Immigration (a) We  stand for. a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously" increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the province.   ,-���������  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts. "  10���������Extension of M unicipal Powers (a) Increase-of local control in  municipal matters.  "   (b) Election   of   license and police  commissioners by popular vote  11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all public utili  ties, the limitation of terms of fran  chises to corporations, renewing the  same if. in the public interest on  equitable terms.  12���������Local Control of Liquor  Traffic, (a) The complete- removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.  (b) Control of the traffic by mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities  (c) The adoption of a local option  law.  (d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts " We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor-genervl, appointed and controlled absolutely by  legislature.  14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to rest)re the, fishing industry to white fishermen.  (b) The protection of British Columbia fishe.iies from foreign " poachers  by adequate policing of Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The" tetention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalities and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  IG���������Torrems System of Registration of Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and tho reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non Partisan Civil Service.  The organization of the civil service  commission for both inside and out  side service, so that ihe appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  More   Victories   Are  Won by.SiegeTac=  " tics. Than  by  As-.  sauits  Z^Apply    thiF  to. business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more reswiful than cam-  . paigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts ' now is to  make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sigh of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by everybody in  Grand Forks and the surrounding country on account  of its Superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation..  W*n and Hold Your Position  in Business By Steadfastness in Attack  P  e '���������<.  ^w,������^^u-JiirAT*^-tJL-^'i^i"ijr.i*i?^^rai������tric^B^������fri������wW������it5fc,'~  '���������     ^  .THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  "i --  i:ir  Rub Your Stiff Neck Away To-Bay-^  <<  99  Fifteen Minutes After Using  Nerviline You Are Well  I'  Cold, excessive strain and exertion  are a common cause of stiff neck,,  soreness or inflammation.  ". Generally the cause is so deeply  seated that only a liniment as powerful and penetrating as Nerviline will  effect an immediate removal of,pain.  Nerviline is powerful, yet penetrating;, is the most rapid pain-expelling  agent the world knows. .  Millions have proved its reliability,  and millions   will share the relief its  marvellous properties confer upon  suffering people.  Nerviline is sold upon ..-. positive  guarantee that is more prompt, more  powerful, penetrating and pain-expelling than any other-remedy.  If you have failed to obtain relief  for rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica or  lumbago, try Nerviline. Good for  small pains, the surest to drive out  the big ones.'   ' '  Nerviline is guaranteed to quickly  cure any .pain or soreness in the  joints, and is sold by druggists everywhere. Large -size, 50 cents; trial  size, 25 cents, or' direct from the  Calarrhozone Go., Kingston, Canada.  How Daylight Varies  In-  Morning    Light    is   . Found   More  \,. tense Than Afternoon  The variation of daylight in greenhouses and kindred phenomena have  ���������been investigated in a very thorough  manner by leading scientists. The  measurements of light intensity were  made with a form of chemical photometer, and it was found that morning light was, on an average, 10  per cent, more intense, than after-'  noon light. . This difference varies  ���������with the .season, in sonic months  reaching 30 per cent. Hence-, other  things being equal, a crop wilt show  a greater development on aiT east  than a west exposure.- The "'light-  transmitting properties of different  kinds of glass vary greatly. Thus  the loss of light from glass as compared with outdoor light ranges all  the way from 13 to 36 per cent, or  ��������� more. . The practice of lapping the  panes causes an average ��������� loss of  light of about 11 per cent. The transmission of light naturally increases as  the angle of the roof more nearly coincides with a right angle to the sun's  rays. The reflection .of light from  surfaces is- another important factor.  Market for Fur Falls  $13,-  He Says He Told  His Neighbors  AND   THEY   TOLD    i'AM    TO  DODD'S  KIDNEY  PILLS  TRY  Mike Rudy, Young Manitoba Farmer,  Sick  For Two Years, Tells  How  ������ He Got a New Lease of  Life  Camperville, Man.��������� (Special).���������  Cured of Kidney niul Heart Disease  of two years' standing, Mr. Mike  Rudy, a well.known young farmer living near here, is telling his neighbors  that he owes his new lease of life  to Dodd's Kidney Pills.  "For two years," Mr. Rudy states,  "I suffered with a terrible pain in  the small of my ba:k and shoulders.  I took many different medicines, and  was under the doctor's care, but  nothing seemed to do me any lasting  good. Finally heart disease-was added to my troubles. /  "Hearing Dodd's Kidney Pills well  spoken <of by my neighbors, I decided  to try them." To my surprise and relief one box cured me completely."  Dodd's Kidney Pills cured Mr. Rudy  because lis troubles all came from  sick kidneys. Dodd's Kidney Pills  are a kidney remedy, pure and  simple. If you have, pain in the back,  rheumatism, lumbugo, gravel or diabetes, your kidneys' are wrong;. You  need Dodd's Kidney,-Pills.  Skins Worth $35,000 Bid in For  000 by Firm at Edmonton  Never before has the business of  the trappers and traders been so demoralized. Tho Hudson's Bay Company and Revillon's, Limited, the two  greatest buyers of furs in the world,  who announced at the beginning -of  the winter that-they \yould not be in  the market for the purpose of skins  this year, have kept'their word to  the letter.  In former years it was no uncommon thing for a buyer from one of  the world's large fur houses to purchase some ifL'a.OOO worth of raw  fur during a- trip. This year the aggregate.buying of all who have come  north will not reach $2,000, says a  report from Edmonton.  One of the most,interesting deals  ever made by a fur trader in this territory is credited to Colin Fraser,  king' of all the northern trappers,  and a man who- for 61'years has  caught fur bearing animals of all  kinds. Fraser makes two trips to the  city every year, and never fails to  bring from 10 to 40 bales of raw  skins. His catch this year was very  moderate, a paltry 9,CS3 skins being  secured. Having spent six months in  the wilds of the Mackenzie river  basin, Fraser had not heard of the  European war until . he reached Edmonton.  He expected upon his arrival there  to sell his" furs at about .$30,000 to  $35,000. The skins were put up for  auction, but there were no bidders. At  last a bidder, appeared in the person  of a representative of an Edmonton  firm. He would pay Fraser $13,000  for his 20 bales of new skins���������-$13,000  spot cash. The market was bad, he  explained, very bad. Fraser had no  alternative but to accept the offer,  for raw furs once bought cannot long  be left in storage unless properly  cured. Never did a king have such a  fall.  Never before lias milady had such  an excellent opportunity to lay in a  stock of the finest furs that money  will purchase. TJiis is one result of  the war from which the buying public is certain to benefit.  Stay on the Farm   ,  ��������� i  The  Farm  Offers 'More Opportunities  to   the   Ambitious   Than   Does  the City "  There is much alarm over ��������� the  abandonment of the farm by the rural  population, .and especially tho boys  and girls of the rising generation/- IS  it surprising that they should leave  when.; all the farm offers them, as  they see it, is drudgery and circumscribed opportunities? They read a  city paper and imbibe the city*point  of view; they have city .schools.which  educate them away from the farm;  and they are lured to .the city, by the  desire for wealth and the variety and*  gaudincss ofthe life which, it affords.  Tho farm affords a much better financial opportunity to the wide-awake  aggressive, individual than is commonly believed. -A successful farmer  says that on the one hundred acres  of land which .he has built up by rotation, he makes $1,000 a year exclusive  of his living. Contrast the opportunities which the farm offers to the man  of limited means provided he knows  how to handle it advantageously, and  which he should be taught, through  the course-.:��������� offered in the'secondary  and common schools of his community, and that of tho city wage earner  drawing $1,000 a year. On one hundred acres of land in twenty years the  farmer should have made (120,000 in  money besides his living. Suppose he  paid $10 an acre for his land: At the  end of twenty years it will be worth  probably $30 an acre; in many cases  it actually becomes worth from $50 to  $75 and even $100 an acre. At the  end of twenty years the farmer lias  a competency, has probably educated  his children advantageously, and has  something laid aside with which" to  help to start them in a business of  their own. The other man has lived,  or better still,' existed.���������Andrew M.  Soule, in the Banker-Farmer.  THE ALLIES  "Spohn's" and the Horsemen. -For twenly-ono  years they have waged a successful campaign against  the army of Disease. Distemper, Influenza, Catarrhal ���������  and, Shipping Fever disastrously defeased - by  "Si-clm's". -Absolutely safe for all ages. Best preventive. Sold, by all druggists, turf goods houses or  the manufacturers.  Spohn   Medical   Co.,   Goshen,   Indiana',   U.S.A.  FAR  Can always make sure of getting  BARLEY a'nd FLAX, by' shipping  AND  PORT ARTHU1' and having  THOMPSON '' SONS  MERS  the highest prices for WHEAT, OATS,  lots to  FORT  on commission  COMPANY,  their  them  AND  car  :old  WILLIAM  by-   -  THE   WELL-KNOWN.   FARMERS'  AGENTS.  ADDRESS   701-703  Y.,   GRAIN   EXCHANGE,   WINNIPEG.  Transformation of Liner  The Acute -Pain  gm  Permanently Cured Through  the Use of Dr. Williams' *  Pink Pills  Neuralgia is not a disease���������it Is  only a symptom; but a-most painful  one.    It is the r.urest sign that your  Former "Empress of India" Now  Completely Equipped as Hospital  Ship With 500,Beds for''  Wounded  No passenger'steamer on the Pacific-was better known than the "Empress of India,"of the C.P.R. Pacific  fle'et, but in the last six months this  vessel has suffered so many changes  that she would not be recognized by  her old-friends. When the Brir.rrh admiralty first requisitioned her, she was  painted a dull "grey and her fairy-like  characctr was almost ' lost in the  transformation. Then the Maharaja  Scindhia of Gwalior and other Incnan  princes bought her and fitted her as  a hospital shiivand as such, with ihe  new name of the "Loyalty," she left  Bombay a short time' ago, repainted  white with long black strips on the  water'line and on the deck line, with  large red crosses amidships.  His Excellency tlie Governor aud  Lady Willingdon' paid a visit of inspection to tho ship shortly -before  held departuf.e. ��������� ��������� Deck space which  was made ror holiday seekers with  idle hours U -o\v mostly covered with  beds for injured soldiers, just as all  the available cabins are serving .as  private wards for wounded officers.  On the main deck*of the steamer  space has' been provided to fill the  purpose of wards. Cleared of everything unnecessary the main deck is  well suited for this purpose, for it  gives two wide strips of space on each  side and gives accommodation for a  large number of beds in most pleas  ant positions on the steamer.  "I find it so hard to Econo-  Here  blood is weak, watery vand impure, I rows of beds have been fitted and  and that for this reason \j*our neiwes I all the requirements of a hospital are  are  literally  starving.   Bad  blood  is i installed.    The    work of roconstruct-  Asthma Is Torture���������No one who  hasn't gasped for breath in the power  of asthma knows what such suffering  is. Thousands do know, however,  from experience how immeasurable  .is the relief provided by that marvellous preparation, Dr. J. D. Kellogg's  Asthma Remedy. For years it has  been relieving- and curing the most  severe cases. If you are a sufferer do  not delay a day in securing this remedy from your druggist.  Have  Much  Money in the  Banks  According to the annual statement  published   by   the   Monetary   Times,  the savings deposits of the .people of  Canada amount to $101.93 per head of  population, or a total of $7S5,015,8S5.  /'       This is an increase of $4.50 per head  over a year ago, or a total increase  ..,   of    approximately     $35,000,00.     The  above figures cover savings deposits  i>nly, and do not include commercial  accounts.    They indicate a large  increase   in   the   cash   savings   of   the  Canadian people.  Miller's Worm Powders not oniy  make the infantile system untenable  for worms, but by their action on the  stomach, liver and bowels they correct such troubles as lack of appetite, biliousness and other internal  disorders that the worms create.  Children thrive upon them and no  matter wl.at condition tneir worm-infested stomachs may be in, they will  show improvement as soon as the  treatment begins.  Millions For Alberta Farmers  An offic'al of the Grain Growers'  Grain company estimates that with  an average crop the grain growers  of Alberta will realize in ]915 a hundred million dollars for their season's  efforts. This will be much the largest  Income for any year in Alberta's history and witli the great expansion of  purchasing power of farmers which  will result, promises increased activity in all linos of business.  Tommy Atkins' Treasures  In the numerous and capacious  pockets of Tommy's variolic coats  may be found many jealously guard-*  ed treasures, anything from string  to candles���������a "baccy" box containing  a mixture of salt and pepper, a little  bag of sugar, cigarettes, a pipe,  matches when luck i3 in, and occasionally a tinder lighter; 'sooveneers'  galore, a helmet plate or two, a few  cartridge clips, buttons and shoulder-  straps and many other odds and ends  too numerous to mention. He adds to  his collection from time to time as  necessity and opportunity arise; and  the one thing which will make him  really dismal is the loss or breakage  of his piia���������or maybe his tin of  mixed pepper and salt. He doesn't  like ' the French pepper���������"ain't got  the bite in it an' big enough to play  marbles with."  It's all very well to keep hoping  for the besl, but we hate to see a man  sit down at the job and call it a  day's work.  TYPHOID  U no more necessary  than Smallpox,  Army  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmleiinMS, of Antityphoid Vaccination.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  jrour family. It Is more vital than house Insurance.  Ask your physician, druggist, or send for "llavo  fouhad Typhoid?" teliine of Typhoid Vaccine,  remits from use, and danger from Typhoid Carriers.  flic CUTTER LABOBATOBY, BERKELEY, CAL  PIMUCIIK VACCIHII ������ IJ.*UM������UN0I* V. *. ������9Y. LICIMII  The teacher had guests at school  one afternoon, and naturally wa* anxious for her pupils to make a good  impression^  "William"," she asked of a rosy-  faced lad, "can you tell me who  George Washington was?"  "Yes, ma'am," was the quick reply.  "He was an American Geu'ral."  "Quite7 right," replied the teacher.  "And can you tell me what George  Washington was  remarkable  for?"  "Yes, ma'am," replied the little  boy. "He was remarkable because he  was an American and told the truth."  the sole-cause of the piercing pains  of neuralgia���������good rich blood is the  only cure. In this you have the reason why Dr. -Williams' Pink Pills cure  neuralgia. They are the only mediefne  that contain in the correct proportions the elements needed to make  rich, red blood. This rich Jjlood  reaches the root of the trouble,  soothes the jangled nerves, drives  away the nagging, stabbing pain and  braces up your health in other ways  as well. Here is proof���������Mr. C. J. Lee,  Vatchell, Out., says: "For several  years I was troubled at intervals with  neuralgia in the head and chest. The  pain I suffered at times was most intense. I was continually doctoring  for the trouble, but, found nothing to  give me permanent relief until I began the use of Dr. Williams' Pink  Pills. Thanks to this medicine my  blood has been restored to a healthy  condition and every symptom of_ the  trouble has disappeared. I can therefore, with confidence recommend Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills to all who suffer  from the fierce pains of neuralgia."  You can get these ��������� pills through  any medicine dealer or by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for $2.50  from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.      ~  ing the interior of the vessel was  put in hand soon after her arrival  and this work completed, the fitting  up of the wards, etc., has b'een carried on under the supervision of  Major J. W. Watson, Major J. R. J.  Tyrell and Major ,C. W. E. Ken\  the Indian Medical Service. Between  the two wards a small operating.room  has been constructed and has been  completely equipped. Then here and  there wherever space could be taken  small wards have been arranged,  while on (he top deck a number of  private wards for officers have been  prepared. Altogether some 500 beds  are available on the vessel.    .  misc, but I must do  so for  while."  8  "Why   not   do  washing ?   It isn't  EDDY Washboard is  your Equipment.     I  "Household   Globe,"   its   a  Wonder-Worker ��������� Loosens  the Dirt so Easily���������and I never  Tear the Clothes  your   own  hard if an  part of  have  a  it's  v  Money in Wheat  DQMINION POLICE DOUBLED  Skilled Workers Are Needed  The shortage of skilled workers in  engineering and shipbuilding establishments, owing to the large numbers of these men .who have gone to  the front, is so serious that an inquiry was. opened by representatives  of the government and trade j unions  for the. purpose of devising methods  of assuring the full productivity of  these adjuncts to military operations.  The trades unions will be asked to  waive some of their regulations during tlie period of the war crisis.  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures Garget in  W. N. U, 1043  A   Laughable   Spectacle  A southern politician was down  for a speech in his home town and  wishing to make the event as great  a success as possible he conspired  with a well known colored citizen.  "Now, Silas," said the politician,  "I want you to be present when I  deliver this speech."  "Yessuh."  "I want you to start the laughter  and applause. Every time I take a  drink of water, you applaud; and  every time I wipe my forehead with  my handkerchief you laugh."  "I guess you better switch dem  signals, colonel: It's a heap mo' liable to make me laugh to see you  standin' up dar deliberately talciu' a  drink o' water."  Geographical  Those who had some difficulty in  remembering where the Falkland  Islands were may have been helped  by the recollection of one of Ian Mac-  larei-'s stories. After a disaster to  an emigrant ship many years ago,  some of the survivors reacned those  islands. When the news reached  home, the minister of a Scottish  church to which some of the emigrants   had  belonged,    prayed  thus:  in. Lord, we pray thee * ) be with  our brethren, stranded in ,Lhe Falkland Isalnds, which, as Thou know-  est, are situated in the South Atlantic Ocean."  ..Necessities   of   War   Brings   Ni-.rnbcr  to   382���������Costing   $25,000" a  Month  The  Dominion   police     fo*.cj    has  been   more   than   doubled   since   the  outbreak   of  the   war  owing   to  the  hecessitv. of more careful giurdLug of  the  parliament  buildings  at  Ottawa  and  the  requirements  of  the  secret.  service.    There are now 382 men on  the force, as compared wtili 11!) last  Julv.    Tlie cost of tlie service to the  country is how about $25,000 a month.  Farmers  Pocket a  BiHicn  on  Wheat,  Says This Expert  ���������. One billion dollars and more will  have been poured" into 'the strong  boxes of farmers of the country when  all the 1914 wheat crop is" sold. Tiii3  estimate was given hy B. W. Snow,  expert grain statistician of Bartlett &  Frazier, to the Chicago Tribune." The  enormous sum which grain raisers  are getting today for their wheat will  total nearly twice as much aa the"  $600,000,000 aud more which they re-  0j j ceived for their best wheat in 1913,  according to Expert Snow's compilation.  The price of wheat on Dec. 1 is r.l-  ways taken as a general average of  wheat prices for the year. Seventy-  nine cents was the price on Dec. 1,  19i;j. _ Because of the record breaking  advances-of wheat prices since tht>  outbreak of the war, and since Jan. 1,  1015, especially, the average for 1911,  Mr.,Snow explained, cannot be judge.l  by the Dec. 1, 1914, price, which was  08.6 cents a bushel on  the farms.  "The usual rule," said Mr. Snow,  "is that wheat does not oegin to advance in price until the bulk of the  crop lias left the hands of the farmer.  But in 1914 tho ."direct opposite was  the case. - The great benefit of the  advance undoubtedly has gone to the  men who actually produced the  wheat, while the amount of toll taken  by the middlemen, is relatively much  less than usual."  ���������'">.���������.'".   ' ,   *-'���������  ���������   Mansonville, June 27,''13.  Minard's  Liniment   Co.,  Limited.  \   Yarmouth,  N.S.-  Gentlemen,���������It   affords     me   great  pleasure, and'must be gratifying to  you   to   know   that   after   using   36  bottles of your Liniment on a  case  of   paralysis   which   my   father   was  afflicted with,    I  was    able    to  restore him to normal condition. Hoping  other sufferers may be benefitted by  tha.use of your Liniment, I am,  Sincerely yours,  GEO. ]���������[. HOLMES.  Pat aud his bride, had c nut? to London for a few 'day's, and had taken  their places at the dinner table of an  hotel, when a young m.i.i opposite  took a stick ���������of celery from tho glaps  in the centre of the table, and began  to  eat it.  The bride looked .at him for a moment with disgust, and then nudged  her husband, 'with  the remark:  "Pat, just look at that blackguard  'utiti' the Mowers."  Farmers Hiring Many Men  Recently the city council of Brandon, Manitoba, decided to place an advertisement in local papers asking  farmers of the district who required  help to communicate witli the city  authorities. From the day following  publication of the advertisement  there have been inquiries almost by  the dozen. Applicants all state that  there is still plenty of work for good  men and their wives on farms. Farmers are- preparing for- a l.-.rger crop  area than ever before, and during the  coming season agricultural labor promises  to be .particularly  in demand.  : ��������� . Self-Reliance  Man to be great must be self-reliant. Though. '3* ������������������ may not be so iu  all things he must be self reliant in  the one in Avhich he would be" great.  This self reliance" is not the self-  sufficiency of conceit. It is daring  to stand alone. Be an oak, not a  vine. Be ready to give support; but  do not crave it; do not be dependent  on it. To develop your true sou reliance, you must see from the very beginning that life is a battle you must  fight for yourself; you must-be your  own soldier. ���������* You cannot buy a substitute, you cannot win  you can never be placed  tired  list.  a reprieve,  ou  the re-  nothing so  Worm Ex-  Many  During  When Sir Arthur McMahoa, the  new high commissioner for..Egypt,  arrived in Cairo he was welcoiile-d by  all the high officials, wearing top  hats instead of tha tarboosh or fez,  the headgear used on such occasions  before Great Britain's protectorate  was declared, in recognition of Turkish suzerainty.  Settlers In Saskatoon District  the year just ended, 892  homesteads, 192 pre-emptions and 8S  purchased homesteads were taken  up in the Saskatoon district���������a total  of l,172s This shows a very considerable movement of settlers, and i.Hkc-s  no account of hundreds of purchasers  of privately owned lands and lands  of the Canadian Pacific Railway Cc.  As a vermifuge t-iero1 is  potent as Mother Graves'  terminator, and it can bo given to tho  most delicate-child without rear of  injury to the constitution.  > Their Recommendation  A group of San Francisco stevedores were lunching in a sheltered  nook on a wharf. One of them went  across the street for a plug of tobacco, and during his absence another substituted for his tin of palo  coffee and milk his own tin of milk-  less black coffee.  When the first stevedore returned  to his lunch he could hardly believe  his eyes. '       .  "Well," said he, "I have heard-of  clever thieves, but to swipe the milk  out of a guy's'coffoe is sure going  some!"  She���������How pale the moon is.  He���������Yes, it's been out late for sev-  eral nights.  asked  were  Do I understand you to say,  the judge, that his remarks  acrimonious?  No, judge, your honor, I didn't  say that. 1 said he just swore at me.  [ ain't a-goin' to claim th.T: ho- done  what he didn't do.���������St. James Gazette.  Granulated Eyelids*  Eyes infljyned by exposure to Sun, Dust and Wind  quickly relieve^ by Marine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting  just Eye\ Comfort. At  Vour Drug-gist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Ey*  SalveinTubes25c. ForBookoHheEyeFreeask  Druggists or Murine Eye Semedy Co., Gfelccge  yes ��������� i.vi^-v. c .^t^*-*, r.*  ���������&&<&'ittf\& &&���������& u^^tf'**  /  *N  '/[the " slBSr," latoto "55HS3S ^bVTK  RUTHLESS  ATTAINMENT OF THE END IN OBJECT  Prompted by  the  Kaiser's  Persistent  Preaching,  Brutality has  Become an Essential  Spirit of German Militarism, and  Through the, Army Permeates all Grades of Civil Life  .After due allowance has been made-  for inevitable exaggeration there remains a solid substratum of fact,  enough to disgust the civilized world  with German methods of warfare.  .The .wanton destruction of Louvain,  Rheims and other towns, not'to mention the deliberately harsh treatment  meted out to the civilian inhabitants  oLt'ho invaded countries; is sufficient  lo warrant the charge of unnecessary  brutally disgraceful" to ' the natkm  that practices it.-  Iu    the. "English Review,'''   Austin'  'Harrison,    the    editor; discusses   "a.t  ... length the development of this brutal  spirit .in Germany. .During ten years,  residence^Jn that-:country.he-, noted.  ', ~ only "too" frequently manifestations of  that spirit in times of peace.    It is  only natural, therefore, that it should  . Unci expression in war, since" the idea  of "striking terror" into the non-combatants of an invaded country is an  article of the German military regulations, emphasized by the kaiser when  he exhorted    the soldiers to "deport  ���������   themselves like the "Huns" in China,  and to "gain the reputation of Atilla.".  This brutality is the essential spirit  of German militarism,    and through  '  the army has,. Mr. Harrison insists,  ���������    -permeated into' all grades of German  civil life. -   ' ������������������  ��������� The individual German is not-cruel  for the sake of cruelty. His brutality  ��������� is rather a method.- He would refuse  to attend a bullfight or cockfight, or  any spectacle of deliberate cruelty,  but he would think nothing* of cutting  his horse's- back into bleeding weals  if the animal jibbed or shied or throw  him. Mr. Harrison has heard Germans that complained, bitterly of  pigeon shooting at Monte Car.o, emphatically justify the right of soldiers  to shoot at sight all suspected of  franctirage, and to destroy any village or town where civilian, acts of  aggression had been 'established.^  Prompted largely by. the kaiser's persistent'-' preaching, the Germans have  educated themselves   to    the. army  ' standard of "ruthless attainment ��������� of  tlie "end" in' objeeffra principle that  '���������finds .'expression throughout Germany  in the phrase "Sich impon'ieren" to  ���������assert,   oneself'"regardless'   of   the  -   "ineans or cost.- ''"-"'_������������������  This attitude" has a-terminology of  its own. 'To fix a manvwith the eyes  is a recognized practice, and,has been  the sole cause "of many a fatal duel.  Another practice which has come  down from the; army to the workshop  is.what drill sergeants term "rolling  the eyes." Absurd as it may appear  this rolling the eyes is," says Mr. Harrison," "a recognized German sign of  temper, a prelude to disciplinary  chastisement." The -sergeants use it  to awe and hold in,his men. Thus, if  a private, struck on the lace by a corporal for having a button off his coat,  shows resentment by rolling the eyes,  ] he iff liable to further correction, as  the corporal would be if he-rolled his  .eyes at-a sergeant, and.the sergeant  would be if he rolled his ��������� eyes at a  lieutenant, or a workman would be  for- rolling 'his eyes at a foreman,  or. a waiter-rolling* his eyes at a head  waiter." Then again there is the  forefinger sign, the most'eommon gesture of-modern Germany. Symbol of  punitive discipline .used as a menace  and a "warning, it is a sergeant's lirst  admonition. ' "Petty as such a detail  may- appear," observe^ Mr. Harrison,  "in reality "it is interpretative of the  modern German attitude, and of such  that it is now astonishing and' revolting to the world. It" is th2 national  gesture, like the Frenchman's shrug  of the shoulders, and means just the  opposite. It represents the civil counterpart .of the military doctrine of  'striking terror' whence it derives."  Trivial and droll as these idiosyn-  cracies may seem,' they are none-the  less characteristic of the German  spirit of-Iife, which "'in the modern  military garb has led to a social system of formality, lickspittle, buliying*,  and '. brutality, inconceivable to anyone ��������� that' has not lived in Germany  and-studied- the system at work."  The cult of bruality. has been  preached for fifteen years, hot only in  the army and on political platforms,  but from university'chairs, and,-according to Mr. Harrison, produced  serious social disease in the nation.  Brutal outrages upon children have  become chronic in the lower classes,  and sex perversitier: in the upper.  Strangely brutal crimes have become  so common as to "constitute unmistakable scientific ground for'speaking  of the patheological state of Germany  as the direct product .of the imperial physical force doctrine." In  the German armies we are fighting a  doctrine of brutality, the national attitude. Though I find It hard to  credit the reports of German, soldiers  firing, under cover of flags of truce  and,the Red Cross, I know that" the  Germans will not c_ly wage war  brutality but p.'ilessly, as their emperor has frequently behooved them  lo. We at any rate,, will keep the  flag clean. Let us try and remember  that the Germans are .'.misguided  nation, suffering pathologically from  disease���������a disease' caught from the  kaiser,-"vvhich may be described as  "intelligent-Jprutality." <  Should Encourage  the Cordage Industry  English  Writer Sees a  Great Future  For the Land of the Czar  For the next twp. hundred years  the British empire and. the Russian  empire wil be the two greatest powers  in the world, writes Hamilton Fyfe  in the London Daily Mall.; They must  make up. tneir minds to have done  with bickering, to be sensible, to be  friends.  ��������� Looking beneath the surface of  things, I see tbb.war as. a struggle  between the British empire and Germany for the Twentieth century. Each  century In.modern time3 .has: been  dominated by one power. The sixteenth was Spain's . century; the  seventeenth. Holland's. The ��������� eighteenth belonged to France, and the  nineteenth to England. Now it was  clear; as the nineteenth century drew  near its end that England alone could  not hope for another term of supremacy. But England had brought into  being an empire, world-.wiae, immense  in population and in wealth. It seemed that the sceptre���������not of actual  rule, of course, not of physical or  material domination, but of influence  by character���������might pass from the  Mother to the children.  Germany alone disputed this order  of succession. That is why the world  is at war tociay. But Germany cannot conquer the British empire; she  is breaking her nails against a rock.  /Therefore to that empire will belong  the Twentieth Century, and to Russia  when Bhe has awakened the intelligence-of her peasant millions and developed her resources, will surely belong the twenty-first. Let us both  recognize this and live at peace.  We have in truth, more in common with Russians than with any  other nation. We are, for instance,  obstinate and inconsistent; so are  they. If we taunt them with sticking  to their old caleacar, which is thirteen days behind everyone else's, they  can point in reply to our pig headed  and far more inconvenient retention  of peculiar measure of money and  weight and length, in plac* of the  decimal system used ty. everyone  else. When we complain that their  alphabet has thirty-six letters in it  their retort is: "It enables us to spell  as we pronounce, whereas your spelling and pronunciation are not related  at all!" Englishmen who are rash  enough to pity Russians because they  "lack political freedom" are reminded that there is-no Mrs. Grundy in  Russia to check personal freedom  yith a far more galling bond.  *" No Russian who knows the world  denies that his country is behind the  other great powers both in the common level of intelligence and in mechanical conveniences. This has advantages,, however. It is annoying  that Petrograd should be so badly  paved, that laundries should make a  practice of keeping your "washing"  for three weeks instead of one, that  there should be no regularity in the  postal or in any other service, whether private or state. But these are  trifles in the general, scheme of  life. If against such drawbacka we  set the comforts of strong nerves,  few cities, no rush from the land,no  industrial weakening of the greater  part of the population, the balance  will scarcely go against these, whether we consider general happiness only  or take into account the.health of  generations to come.  "They have their effect.as well upon  the solidarity of national sentiment.  Every Russian wants to free Constantinople from the Turk. Some  want this because Russia needs an  outlet into the Meditorranean, and  can not any longer submit to the  Dardanelles being treated as private  property. Some see that the chief  development' of Russia's ' natural  wealth must be in the south, and be-  lievo that destiny is forcing Tier  towards the Golden Horn. Most want  it because they [n.vebeen taught that  Chrits is dishonored by the worship  of Islam :n the Cathedral of St. Sophia.  Well, what are we going ,to do  about it? Keep up our old policy of  suspicion? Attempt to deny Russia  that for which skJ ardently longs?  Bleat in tho accents of the 'eighties  about the highroad u.o India? Or with  frank and friendly agreement tell our  ally. "We shall not stand in your  way?" If we do not there is trouble  ahead for everybody. I should not be  doing ray dirty,'.] I did not say that  Russians are watching, very closely  for signs of Engalnd's temper In  this matter of Constantinople and the  Dardanelles. . ���������  Claim is Advanced That More Protection is Necessary  At a time when the ways and means  of internal revenue are." being considered,- attention ir; directed to, the  twine and cordage industry. .Those  now engaged in the industry 'in Canada claim that it suffers from class  legislation, and that the better support of a healthy home industry rather than encouraging importations,  would result in retaining for .circulation in Canada, a large amount of  money that is now lost to the country.  Some seventy-five per cent, of the  twine- and cordage requirements of  Canada are now on the free list, and  considerably over half of the consumption is imported. Twcntj"five or  more cordage and twine factories  have operated in Canada during the  past twenty years, and the number  of failures would clearly indicate'that  the industry has been beset with  many difficulties.- It is stated that  nearly all of the plants which-have  ceased to operate have gone out of.  .business since the free listing of most  of. their products, has come into' effect. As many of the American cordage makeis, with a much v/ider market, - have ceased operations, little  criticism, of "the ""failure of Canadian  factories to succeed can be made in  view of the greater^ difficulties with  which they have had to contend.  The manufacture of binder twine in  Canada has proven to be unusually  speculative aiid risky under existing  con.dii.ions, and it -is believed that  some readjustment of the tariff should  be made to encourage tliis industry.  Put on a paying basis, with : n ever-  widening market through - the increase in agricultural and fishing  pursuits, an 5 ulustry giving employment- to a large "number of people  ���������would result, and large sums of  money would "be kept for circulation  in'Canada, that are now expended on  foreign products and consequently  lost to  Canada.  VINDICATION   OF BATTLESHIP   IN   NAVAL   FIGHT  Construction of Superdreadnoughts Mounting Large Guns was at  One   time   Strongly   Criticized  by  Naval Experts,  but  Experience has* Proven the Value of the Heavy Class  Kaiser Talks About Culture  First Bcomer-r-You fellows have no  git-up about you at all." Why don't  you have'photographs of your town  taken, like wo did? Are you ashamed  of it?  Rival Boomer���������Naw, tliat ain't the  reason at all. I want ycu to understand, young fellah, that our town  don't stand ��������� still long enough to be  photographed.  "Father," said little Roilo, '-what is  appendicitis?"  "Appendicitis, my son," answered  the deep thinking father, "is something that enables a doctor to open  up a man's anatomy and rernovo his  entire bank account."  War Lord Says .That No Matter How  He Feels He Never Loses His  Temper"  ��������� The Neueste Nachrichten has published an interview with Dr. Ludwig  Ganghofer, the German author,- in  which, is given a further account of  the writer's visit to Emperor William  at the imperial field headquarters.-Dr.  Ganghofer says:  . "I heard and saw an example of the  emperor's quiet patience with slanderous statements which should be  instructive for us all. Remarks of  such a nature embitter him, but even  in his greatest excitement he never  loses the mastery of his tongue.' I  heard him say in such a case. "That  is strong, but it is silly also. It is  fortunate that truth is always wiser  in the long run and that it has longer  legs.'  "Nevertheless there is a slight vibration in his majesty's voice -when  the subject is our Germanic cousins  across the channel. ��������� .  "In a conversation with, the representative of a neutral state the emperor once said: "You are a sportsman. When in a horse race, the weaker animals 'gradually drop out and  only the two strongest are left, have  you ever seen the jockey of the horse  which threatens to fall behind strike  with his whip at that jockey of the  more ambitious and stronger * animal?"   !';  "The man questionea -shook' his  head. The emperor continued: 'Why  ���������does England strike at us? Why does  she not rather strike at her. own  weakening horse V -  Yes, other words of the emperor  must be remembered.  "On one occasion he made this remark: 'Many- people who judge -us  Germans solely by outward polish  and term us barbarians, seem not to  know that there is a great difference.,  between civilization and "kultur."  England certainly is a highly civilized  nation. One notices that always in  the drawing room, but to Lave "kul-^  tur" means to possess deep con-'  science and high morals. My Germans  have conscience and morale.  "When they say in other lands that  it was my intention to found a world-  eiupire, that is the funniest nonsense  ever said about me. But in the morale, industry and conscience of the  German people is to be found a conquering power that will open tho  world for them.'"  The battle in the North Sea, which  ended disastrously for Germany with  the sinking of the Blucher and the  the crippling of two of her battle  cruisers, has. confirmed tho wisdom  of the British naval policy diving the  last decade and- will tend to .silence  those critics who advocated the abandonment of-"battleship construction  and urged- that the activities of the  shipyards should be confined to'the  building of submarines.     ' ~ .  The effective work performed* by  the" Lion in that fight is a special  source of congratulation to tlie British naval 'designers, as it.was against  the battle cruisers cf the fleet, .of  which the Lion is the most recent  type that much of the adverse criticism was directed.  The Lion and the Princess Royal,  her sister ship, were completed in  1912. They have a displacement of  26,000 tons and included in their ar-"  mament are eight of the 13.5-inc'h  guns with which the battleships of  the Orion type which were launched  in 1911 and 1912, were the first to be  equipped. At the time that the first  annourice:uent was made with "regard to the furnishing of the vessels'  with these guns, there was considerable hostile critcism from naval experts, but' so little did the British admiralty th:-ik of the adverse comments as to the size of these guns  that the hew battleships of the Queen  Elizabeth type were fitted with 15  inch guns which are three inches-  larger than any gv.n with which the  German navy is equipped.  These guns    throw a projectile of  tivo work in the North Sea, are the  most modern; 222 destroyers of various types, the latest of which are  the "M" class, of which the Miranda  j's the onlj' vessel yet launched; tir-  pedo boats in commission but not including about 50 vessels of the class-  of obsolete pattern, and 52 au'*>'i:iry  ships, including mother ships for destroyers, mine laying ships, distributing .ships, oil vessels and repair and  hospital ships.  The earliest battleships stiii in active commission are of the Mdjostic  type. There are nine of these vessels  and they are all included' in the  1898 programme. They hx/c- a'displacement of .14,900 tons, their horsepower is 12,000 and their coal carrying  capacity 2,500 tons. Thua'e vessels  have a speed of 17.5 knora an hour;  their armor plate is nii?u inches in  thickness and tho armor piotection of  the big guns is from 10 to 14 inches.  A comparison of these figures with  those of tho most modern vessels,  such as the Queen Elizabeth and the  AVarspite, is somewhat striking and  shows tlie great advance made in battleship construction during the last  few years. Battleships of the Queen  Elizabeth type have a displacement  of 27,500 '.ons, their estimated horsepower (tiubine) is 58,000 and their  oil carrying eapacny is 4,000 tons.  They are built for a speed of 25 knots  an hour, their armor plate is 13.5 in.  in thickn-.ss anu the protection of  their heavy guns varies from S to  13.5 inches.  The   last   battleships   to   be   com-  1950'pounds, as compared avith a pro-1 P'eted before the war were the Iron  jectile weight of 1350 from the 12-  inch guns, thereby giving the British  ships an aggregate projectile weight  of 15,000 pounds, as compared with  10,800 of the German 12 inch in each  round.  At the-time of the declaration of  hostilities by Germany, the British  navy was composed of 728 vessels of  all kinds which were manned 'y 151,-  000 men of - all , ranks, not including  the navakrese.rve of approximately  10,000 men. This number included  four super-dreadnoughts of the Iron  Duke type,- four super-dreadnoughts  of the King George V. type, and four  super-dreadnoughts of the Orion type,  10 dreadnoughts of 20,000 tons displacement and over 40 battleships, 20  battle cruisers, 34 armored cruisers,  two fast light cruisers, eight scouts  of the Sentinel type, including the ill-  fated Pathfinder,,which was sunk by  a German submarine Sept. 5 of last  year; eigbt submarines, of which tho  "F" type that have been doing effec-  Russia Buys Vessel  Takes Newfoundland Steamer to Do  Some Ice Breaking  The steel steamer Lintrose, built  for the Reld Newfoundland Company  in 1913, has been purchased by the  Russian government for service as  an ice breaker in the White Sea. The  vessel will replace the Canadian government Ice breaker Earl Grey, which  proved inadequate to cope with tho  severe coulitions, and is now frozen  in at Archangel. The Lintrose has  sailed for Philadelphia, where it is  understood she will take on supplies  and passengers before proceeding to  Europe.  The Lintrose has been running between Port aux Basques, at the southwest extremity of Newfoundland, and  North Sydney, C.B., and has shown  herself sufficiently powerful to plow  through the ice of Cabot Strait and  make nightly trips throughout the  winter months. Tho steamer registers  1,616  tons,  and  is  255  feet. long.  It's all very well to keep hoping  for the best, but we hate to see a man  sit down at the job ' and call it a  day's work.  Duke, Marlborough. Emperor of India and Bcnbow. These vessels have  a tonnage,displacement of 25,000, a  horsepower of 39,000, and a coal car-,  rying capacity of 4,000 tons. They are  capable of making a speea of 22.5  knots aii hour, and have a sheath of  12 inches in thickness, with from  eight to 12 inches gun protective  shield.  The battleships now building, some  of which have already been launched  are the Queen Elizabeth, Warspite,  Barham, Valiant and Malaya. In addition .to these the Ramiles, Repulse,  Renown, Resistance, Resolution, Revenge, Royal Oak and Royal Sovereign are also on the stocks. Vessels  of the Queen Elizabeth typo have a  displacement of 27,500 tons, a horsepower of 58,000 and are the first oil-  burning, battleships to be constructed  by the British admiralty. They'can'  attain a speed of 25 knots an hour  and wilL-be^,e.qiiipped with 15-inch  guns.  Germany Realizes Mistake  German Newspaper Admits Ambitions Lroucht War  The London Naval and Military  Record says: "The German newspapers are beginning to admit that  their navy has proved a bad investment. It is very significant that the  Lokal Anzeiger of Berlin has been  led to admit that the 'dangers which  at present menace Germany are far  greater than those of 1870,' and that  'these dangers would not exist if we  had not in the meantime developed  so wonderfully.' This paper proceeds  to discuss the growth of European  armies, but it doer: -not find in this  movement a satisfactory explanation  of.the difficulties which ara increasingly ambarrassing the Germans. It  admits that 'the decisive change does  not, however, consist in the increase'  of armament, but in the fact tiiat  while Germany 44 yean; ago was  only a land power, sh-j has since  forced her way up to the position of  one of the most important naval powers.' But even' more recently than  this admission is the statement that  'without this development we should  not perhaps have the war today.'  Perhaps the Germans are beginning  to realize that their navy has proven  an exceedingly cost!;' investment.  They antagonized continental powers  by the increase of the army, but it  was the naval movement which most  arrested the attention of the world  and created that spirit of hostility to  German ambition which has found  expression in neutral countries. This  effect was produced less, perhaps, by  the building of ships than* by propaganda which was encouraged by  Germany and Admiral Von Tirpitz.  Americans, for ins'ance, were not  alarmed so much by the Navy Acts as  by the declarations by tho Kaiser that  he was 'Admiral of the Atlantic.' that  'the trident must be in Germany's  list,' and that 'nothing must occur  in any ocean cf the world without  Germany's consent.'"  Great Maize Crop  A Central News despatch from  ^Durban says an expert states that the  imaize crop in South Africa will probably surpass the records of twenty  years. It is "estimated that 2/.0G.0CO  bags will be available for export next  year.  The first completely successful  tests of the wireless telephone from  a moving train were made on the  Delaware, Lackawanna & Western  Railroad, when spoken messages were  clearly heard nearly twenty-six miles  from Lounsberry to Biughamton, NT.  Russia Will Feed the Allies  Ministers     of    Finance  Arrange   For  Westward Shipments of Wheat  at  Special   Rates  An important result of the conference of the ministers of Finance of  Great Britain,, France and Russia in  Paris is, according to an article by  Dr. E. J. Dillon in the Daily Telegraph, that the vast supplies of cereals now hoarded up in Russia will  be sold and conveyed to western  Europe by way of Archangel and  Vladivostok. The cost of conveyance  will be cut down to the lowest limits  by the introduction of special  freights. This reduction in the cost  of transportation, taken together with  the low price's of foodstuffs - which  now rule in Russia and the exceptionally abundant crops in Siberia, will  enable the exporter to sell corn to  the allies at rates which cannot but  have a beneficial effect on the markets generally from the consumer's  point of view.  "As long as Russia had to keep*  her foodstuffs within her own boun-l-  ary other corn growing countries,"  Dr. Dillon remarks, "had it in their  power to raise prices to their hearts'  content, But once the allies find it  to their advantage to draw on Rus-  sai's granaries s'\ r-'y the demand  will lend to be equalized, and foodstuffs will become proportionately  cheaper."  This transaction, which was unanimously agreed upon by t'ntf three ministers, will have the further effect of  lightening the burden of Russia's indebtedness and of contributing to a  belter rate of exchange.  There is a good story in the London Xatior. about one of the ������ lighter  accidents of the fleets. The other  day the commander of a destroyer,  rolling heavily in a gale, and with her  engines disabled, tried to lessen the  strain by lading out oil. Tlie seamen  engaged in this work was washed  overboard, and washed back again by ,  a returning wave. lie picked himself  up, saluted his officer, and said:  "Very sorry, sir; lost the bucket!"  Army Needs More Meat  The British government ha.5 requested all the . ustralian States to  secure all the meat available for export during the Avar, as large quantities will be necessary to meet the  needs of tho British army. France  also will require a considerable supply. The Commonwealth parliament  has unanimously passe'd a bill authorizing the measures necessary tffl  this end.  ^^^ ��������� w^mrv���������xji    n   1  THE   SUN,    GKAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Ir.  NEWS OF THE CITY  R. A. Brown feels confident that  diamonds will eventually be discovered in the crater of his Volcanic mine, and this belief has added several million dollars to the  value of that property. The pres  cnce in British, he says, of diamond-  iferous areas- is " not so nfreTas is  generally supposed. Specimens containing microscopical diamonds have  been found on the North Fork of  the Kettle river; on Siwash creek,  south of the t raser; near Ashcroft,  and also in the Tulameen. The  specimens found on the Gladstone  claim; near Pboenix, was.a piece of  "float," but up to the present its  place of origin has not been located.  According to E. A. Haggen, editor  of tbe Mining and Engineering Record, (here is strong evidence to  warrant tbe assumption that eventually an economic diamond deposit  will be found in 'British   Columbia.  ing.Saturday night". JSo far 'then? is , few.days in the Boundary district  ho change announced by the Canu- this week  dian Pacific railway', but if .tlie present schedule goes unchallenged  there will be no mail arriving in  Phoenix on Tuesdays and Thursdays. The eilizehs of Phoenix will  probably call a public meeting to  consider the matter.  James Cochrane; a resident of  Phoenix for five years, left that  town this week for Scotland to enlist  for active service.  A   number   of   complaints   have  been made to The Sun this week by  heads  of families   because they are  unable  to procure  employment on  the government roads.    They claim  that lots of single men������������������and, in one  instance at least, an alien, who owns  a ranch on the American side of the  line and has $12,000 in the bank ���������  are given employment, while  Cana  dian  cUizens   with   families,    who  own   teams    and    carry     miners'  licenses, are refused work.    If these  conditions prevail here, they should  be remedied.  The British Columbia Copper  company is preparing for extensive  operations at, Princeton camp- as  soon as the weather permits, and  twenty-five men will be added immediately to the force that has been  employed there during the winter.  -Diamond drilling and other preliminary work will be rushed. Oscar  Lacbm'und, manager, is expected to  return shortly from New York,  where he_attended the annual meet'  ing. It is expected (hat the company's smelter at Greenwood will be  put into active commission and that  the company will deal with the matter of ore transportation. If the  Canadian Pacific or Great Noithern  do' not build -to Copper mountain  the eompany probably will build a  tramway for its own use.  Charles Sandner, of English Cove,  Christina lake, attended the Liberal  convenfion.in this city on Tuesday  evening  A small force of men was started  to work on the uovernment at Phoenix last week under the supervision  of D. L. McELroy.    '   '  English^ 3-Speed Gear and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  I have opened a hicyclcs store next the Grand  '.Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels  in stock. , \  Bicycle  Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  First and Main   !  Grand  Forks, B.. C.  J. R. Mooybber'ar.'8'"'1 Mai"Sts"  The changejn the   Great   Northern p :ssenger train  ?'ervice   between  . i his  city   and   Phoenix   is strongly  criticised  by the  bu^ines-*   men   of  Phoenix,   and   a  movement will bs  started to bring to tbe notice of  the  railway commission what is  considered   the   unsettled   and   very unsatisfactory service supplied to that  town.    As  at present arranged the  trains' on the Great Northern system  will leave Phoenix on Mondays and  return about 10 p.m.   the same day.  The Wednesday train also  has   the  same schedule, but the train departing from Phoenix on Friday will'not  ,eturn to that city until the  follow-  A local prospoctor eomplaihs because the present British Columbia  government refuses to aid the prospectors by allowihg assessment work  this year. This man further asserts  that at present the prospectors  are refused work on government  roads.  J. E Thompson, -Liberal candidate for Grand Forks riding, left for  Vancouver yesterday morning.  r" r      w���������, v , "���������     ���������  Granhy stock was 80 bid with  offers at 84 on the Boston exchange  last Saturday.  The new . concrete ' sidewajk in  ront of the Hotel Province has been  completed.  Highest cash prices, paid ^ for old  Stoves and Ranges.' ,E. C. Peckhani,  Second hand Store.  . J. L   Miles, of Carmi, was in   the  on Wednesday.  Take your repairs to Armson, shoe  repairer. ��������� The Hub, Look for the  Big Boot.  A grass fire on the mountain side  opposite tbe stnelt'-r assisted in  illuminating the city Tuesday night.  It was presumably started by an  engine in the smelter yard.  The Grand Forks Concrete company is exhibiting concrete well  cribbing nt the corner of Bridge and  Second streets. It-will look well in  any well.  A rancher advertised a milch cow  for sale in The Sun a week ago. The  next day he sold two. This is an  instance where advertising paid  double.  C J. McArthur & Co.?.of Greenwood, shipped 35 tons of $100 ore  from the Marjorie claim to the  Granby smelter this week. This  makes 105 tons shipped this season  from the Majorie.  A false alarm gave the fire department a little exercise Wednesday  morning.  O. B. Smith, general {superintendent oi the   Granby   mines, spent   n'  NEW  HARNESS   SHOP  I have re-opened a harness   shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and w.ill manufacture  '   fSJ^w H^fn **������������ and  do a11 kmds  of  l\eW nameSS harness repairing.. All  work guaranteed.   Your patronage is solicited.  tpitaphs in the Cemetery of  Failure  He lacked tact.  Worry killed him.     ' "  He, was sensitive. r ���������  He couldn't say "No."  He did not find his place.  A little success paralyzed him.  He did not.care how he-looked.  He did not guard his weak  point.-  He was too proud to  take advice.  He did not fall in   love   with    his  work. ^  He got into a rut  and could   not  get out.  - He did" not learn to do things to a  finish.  ��������� 'He loved ease; he  didn't  like  to  struggle.  Hp   was   the  victim   of  the last  man's advice.  He was ioaded down with useless  bfiggagf*.  He hmked the  fncnlty   of 'getting  along with others  He could not transmute his knowledge into power.  He tried to pick the flowers of .his  occupation.     -    ' -  He knew a good   deal   but  could  not make it practical.  -Q When in need of an odd piece of Fiirni-  ��������� ture  for,,any room in the house, you can  save money by purchasing from us.        ;  H We carry, the  most up-to-date stock of ���������  House' Furnishings in"the Boundary, and  you are assured of the same; careful con- *  side-ration "at  our  store if your purchase .  is small as you would receive if you were  buying a large order: ���������       "  CI We   would   like."to  call your attention  especially to our Floor Covering  Depart- "  merit.    Our stock'is new and" up-to-date  and the range of patterns and designs is  ��������� second to none.' T"  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Furnishers  END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  Here We Are !  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family^  S-31.DS V  Robin Hood Flour  a              u  Oats  Cl                 a  Porrioge Oats  ft              ti  Fezina  tt              t(  Graham  is               n  WholeWheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale by'  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at the front and to insure  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office department requests ��������� thv.t all  mail he addressed as  follows:  Rank " .-   Name   Regimental number .".   Company,squadron or other unit..  Battalion '.   Brigade...*   First  (or second)  Canadian   con  tingent.  British expeditionary force....  Army Post Office,  London, England.  The weekly market will   be   held  on  Second street,   between   Bridge  street and Winnipeg avenue, tomor  row forenoon.  t\J'ii& Oi-lLL.j-> IS GROSS,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look   Mother!     if  tongue   is  coated,-  cleanse little bowels with "Cali-   ,  fornia Syrup of Figs."  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lend, refusing to digest, or you belch  pas   and   eructate   sour,   undigested  1.1'oDd, or have  a feeling of dizziness,  j heartburn, fullness,  nausea, bad'taste  | In mouth and stomach-headache, you  lean.get blessed relief in five minutes.  j Put an end to stomach trouble forever  I by getting a  large  fifty-cent case  of  [ Pane's Pia'*ensi*i from any drug store.  You realize in five minutes how needless it  i"*  f,> suffer from  inligestion,  dyspensia   or   any   storimc.'*    iisorder.  It's tho puicl-est, surest stomach doctor   iu   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  NOTICE  *      ^________  NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  Grand Forks at a special sitting, to be  held in the city hall, First street, on  May 19th, 1915, for a transfer of  the wholesale and bottle liquor licenses  now held by the in respect of the  Grand Forks Liquor Store, situate on  Lot No. 5, in Block 11, Plan 23,.in  the City of Grand Forks, to Gustavus  A,. Griffin, of   the   City of Kamloops,  Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs," because in  a few hours all the clogged-up waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.    .",  Sick children needn't be coaxed to  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions of mothers keep.it handy because they know its action on the  stomach,-liver and bowels is prompt  and sure.  ���������Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle cf "California Syrup of Figs," which  cntair.r, directions for babies, children  ii all ages and for grown-ups.  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a .valuable, advertising medium,  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on'its merits as a  newspaper. It uses "no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  B. C,  Dated the  1915.  I Oth day of April,'A. D.  WM. J. PKNUOSFO.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture  Made  to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.^_  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.CMgCUTCHEON  winnipeg avbnue  GOOD MORNING!  . WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmere  American Cutto  HOSIERY  They luive stood the test. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Sever becomes loo-������eor bug^y. 'Ihe shape is knit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED for fineness, style,  superiority of workmanship. Absolutely  tuinless. Will wear 6-mouths without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to every cue sending us S1.00 in currency  or posttil note, to cover advertising and  shipping expenses, we will send post-paid,  with written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, ei her  3 PAIRS OFOUR 75C.    ALUE  American Silk Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,"  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-Lisle Hosiery,  OR   6 PAIRS.OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give the color, stee.and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer in your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO,  P. O.  BOX 244  DAYTON. OHIO, U. S.  A.  mmm  A Home for the Summer  It will not cost you much  ���������more to be really comfortable  for the summer vacation than  to "rough It "in a tent  , A small Want Ad. In our  classified columns will bring  you replies from people who  have desirable places to rent  rjrmi  wmmfflmMwmMmmmmmwMmMMimtmm

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