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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 30, 1915

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 !'"���������>  t X  V* .*V,  v   *>  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FOURTEENTH, YEAR���������No. 26  GRAND FORKS,  B.. G, FRIDAY, APRIL 30, 1915  $1.00 PER YEAJ*  ��������� .-Mayor Gaw and Aid., Bickerton,  .Bonthron; Manly, McGallum 'and  . fcJmitfi - were  present at the ��������� regular  meeting of the city council on Mpn  "day evening. . ; . ��������� , - .  A communication' from   M.  H;  * Burns stated that he considered th%  watery charges of .\$8 per month for  ���������, the Model Livery-; barn excessive,*  and that' he^ wished .the'' councilto  granthim a'^reduction if' possible.  Referred to' water, and .light com-'  mittee, with .instructions'-to report.  "City Clerk".Hutton ^reported 'that  he had received'the deed  of;Lot.l,  ' Plat 2, acquired .fromJ the'CoIumbia*  & Western railway for tbe Winnipeg  "avenue fill. On motion, he -was instructed to get the same registered.  - ' The chairman- of the '"board of  works"reported that the  city" team  ' n'had been employed during the past  few days on the Winnipeg avenue  fill. A start had been made to ���������do  some . grading-on Victoria avenue.  He was undecided whether it would  be advisable to do anything at pres  ent .with the fill across the North  tork, near Dr. Averill's   residence.  ��������� It would -'be difficult, he seid, to  " secure" material]with which to make  ��������� ���������" tliis fill, 'buVheHhought' that about  ''"^onehalf". "of-������iti could. -_be . made  with slag, from the smelter. The  cement sidewalk in front of the  Hotel Province had been finished.  Permission, subject to the decision  of the council,--bad been given Mr.  Laiseh to build a concrete trough in  front of his hotel. Numerous complaints had been made to him about  stock running at iarge .in the city.  As long  as  this  state of affairs ex  - isttd there was no encouragement  for. the citizens to'beautify their  premises. He was of tbe opinion  that owners of stock should be held  leaponsible for the damage done by  the animals. Complaints had -also  been made by retidents in the neigh  borhoed-jn aecount of there being  no gate to "tie nuisance grounds.  He had investigated the matter and  had found that the gate had bten  missing for two years. He was in  structed lo have it replaced by a  new one.  The elerk was instructed to look  up the law regarding the responsibility of owners of stock, and to  warn them through the local press  The, chairman of the health and  .relief committee reported that Mr.  McDonald's shack had been dam  aged by the recent fire in Columbia.  He was instructed to have the same  repaired. He alsT> reported that a  great deal-of work had been  accom-  . plished this year, bat as.usual a  .number of piles of rubbish that nobody owned still remained in the  city.    The health officer had  signi-  . fied his willingness to comply with  the request of the'council in respect  to milk tests and inspection of  dairies.  - Tbe chairman of the water and  light committee stated that he  would like* the council to set the  hours for lawn sprinkling.' There  were four or'five parties' who weie  served by an inch pipe, consaquent  - ly had an insufficient water supply,  and he recommended that these be  given an extra hour in the morning  and evening.  On motion of Aid. Bickerton and  Bonthron, the same hours as last  year were adopted, i.e., from 6 a.m.  to 9 a in, and from 5 p m. to 9 p. in.  On motion of Aid. Bonthron, it  was decided to-allow the people with  an insufficient water supply an additional hour each morning and  evening, but on request of the chair-  'rrian of the water and light commit-  ,tee the names, of those entitled to  this privilege" will be withheld until the next meeting.  The city clerk reported that he  had completed the assessment roll,  and on motion it was accepted, subject to" corrections - by tbe court of  revision. On raotiQn of Aid. Manly,  .it-was decided to".hold,the court of  revision.on June 3.' -The mayor appointed-/Aid Bonthron, McCallum,  Bickerton and Manly-as members of  the court. ��������� .--,������������������-*  ' Aid.' Bickerton "asked if, private  citizens had"the right to drive stray  cattle to the pound. The clerk, after  consulting the by la wf on the subject,  stated that "anybody could-take thpm  to the pound, but only the" pound-  master had authority to collect the  fee. _" " '  ��������� Aid Bonthron stated that the  board of works would improve the  s-reet to the Great Northern" station  if the townsite company wished to  fence its property.  -Aid. Manly, .gave notice that at  the next meeting he-would ask leave  to introduce a bylaw providing for  the closing of ihe- alley running  east "and west in the block on the  northpast corner of Winnipeg avenue  and Donald str e^and the substitute  therefor an alley running north and  south.  SUNRISE SIGNALS  A hotel man a few days rebuked  an old man for renouncing the  Tory machine. "I do not see," said  he, "that you have any cause to  complain against the local Conserva  live candidate. Is not.your son and  his team employed on the government roadp and is henot drawing  $7 a day for that work?" "True,"  replied the old gentleman; "hut if  we had an honest Liberal government that work would have to he  done anyway, and my s >n would  stand an equal chance with the  other men of the community of get-  ing some of it" The old man's  reasoning was all right as far. as it  went. But he might haveas-ked his  questioner what proportion of the  money expended on road work is  paid into the public treasury by the  Conservative.-1, and what quota  by the Liberals; how much of it  came out of the pockets of the Conservative candidate, and how much  from the .Liberal candidate; if the  Liberals had always received all  they were entitled to. This incident  is interesting merely from the fact  that during the past few days, for the  first time in the.history.of the district, a few persons who do not  claim Conservativism as their political creed have been given employment-on the government roads.  It is one of the machine's methods  of attempting to bribe the electorate  with the people's money.  The Sun has received the first  issue of The Victorian, a new weekly  paper established in the capital-city  by F. E. Simpson, formerly of the  Cranbrook  Herald.    The news and  The E-iderby Pre-*s is -a* strongly  Conservative "pa per, and its'editor is  one of the officials of the Enderby  Conservative association,''hence: an  editorial in its last issue, under the  caption "Facts We" Must Face,"  may be taken to reflect ihe. feelings  of a number 'of Conservatives in  North Okanagan who'are dissatisfied  with decision-reached by the rtcent  nominating convention held at Vernon. Much space is also given to  Basil Gardom, who published a  lengthy statement in reference to  Price Ellison's cattle deal with the  Colony farm,- and it isevident that  the sympaties of the Press are with  Mr. Gardom. The following is the  ediforial:  Before the Conservative convention  iu the Northern Okanagan was held,  it was stated by those who professed  to be in a position to know, that the  Hon. Price' jfllison had a good case  and when the time came he would be  able to fully   explain the Colony farm  editorial pages are not devoid of in  terest, but the advertising columns  plainly indicate that war conditions  still prevail- t the coast. The name  of the paper brings hack unpleasant  recollections to The .Sun man from  tbe misty past. In hisyouth, before he ha 1 .learned in the school of  experience tint all. or nearly all,  men are liars, he was implicated in  the publication of the' Weekly Victorian in Victoria. It required four  able bodied men to get out that  Seven columh, four page page paper.  Even at that, the force w-is too -mall,  because three of them were too  proud to work. This unequal distribution of lab >r could have but  one result. After ..a month the  writer made his' partners a present  of his fourth interest in the. paper  The obituary notice of the paper  was printed shortly after we volun-  tinly severed our connection with  it. This was our initial flyer in  journalism. It exhau-ted our hank  roll, and to get out of Virtoria we  gave our uncle temporary possession  of a two hundred dollars timepiece.  Our faith hnsj never been strong  enough to attempt to walk upon the  water. We.hope that Mr. Simnmin  and his new Viitoiian will h.v-  better success  The Sun nor ices that a local man  has made the boast that last week  he smoked the first cigar manufactured in Grand Forks. This assertion shows a lamentable ignorance  of Grand Forks history, and is at  the same time a. covert attempt to  rob The Sun man of a glorious distinction that has haloed his brow  for a decade. Tbe first cigar manufactured in Grand Forks was made  by Dan Schnoter ten years ;'go, and  The Sun smoked it. Some people  have to be informed when they are  behind the times.  Not all the Conservatives take  kindly to the war tax stamps. A  prominent local Conservative, after  purchasing a liberal supply of them  last Saturday, showed them .to The  Sun man���������who happened to be in I  the post at the time���������and remarked:  "I have assisted the federal govern-,'  ment to , buy some more spavined  horses."  cattle deal in a way that would clear  hiin of any charges that might bo  made against him. It was further-said  that Mr. Ellison purchased the cattle  from a printed price list available to  any prospective buyer to see, and that  others' had purchased Colony farm  stock from the same price list at figures as low as those said to have been  paid by Mr. Ellison All of which  put a different phase" on the question  and made the transaction look to be  nothing worse than.an error in judgment���������a transaction that should not  have been entered into, bub one which  showed no intent to deceive or to take  something that-was, not really bought  and paid for.  * But in his public explanation on the  political platform- in Enderby on the  evening of April 6, Mr. Ellison did  not state anything of the kind, and  offered no such defence. On the con-  tra.iy, what he did say in his defence  forbids the acceptance of any such  statement as based upon .fact, and  makes the cattle transaction look a  hundredfold worse than when it first  came out.  We do not wish to enlarge upon  this cattle deal. It is not a pleasaut  topic to dwell upon But it is here  and must be met. The party leaders  in Vernon may stick their heads in  the sand aud tell us Mr. Ellison's explanation is sufficient, that his position is "unassailable," and all that,  but the people of the Northern Okanagan,- and the province, do not appear to feel that way about it. Mr.  Ellisdn's position is not "unassailable "  It is, indeed, decidedly assailable.  And it looks to us if the Conservatives of the Okauagan do not take a  firm stand against such dealings-by  the honoied lepresentatives of the  "party, as explained by Mr. Ellison  h'uaself, then the" party can nor. long  "continue to command the respact of  the voters. It is more to the ^credit  of the party that-'the ugly facts in  connection with this case were brought  out by-life long Conservatives than it  would be had the fa :ts been smothered  and up and the showing up been left  to our Liberal friends  There is much more in this case  than" the mere fact- that Mr. Ellison  got some very fine registered Holstein  oattle for little or nothing. This is  not the question at all. We must  face the real question, which is much  larger, involving as it does the great  issue of fidelity to the people's inter  ests. It has been said that Basil Gar  dora is fighting this case in Mr. Elli  son's home riding because of personal  feeling against Mr. Ellison. We have  known Mr. Gardom a" number of  years and can not -take this view of  the contest. When provincial constable in Enderby some years ago,  Mr. Gardom exhibited the same  spirit in rooting out crime, and he  had no personal feeling in the matter  at all  Mr.    Ellison, s    public   explanation  was lame, and lays him open to much  worse criticism than he   has   received  from any quarter      He said   that  the  cattle A ere culls;   not   good   for anything;  nod the cattle he  expected   to  receive, and the whole   transaction an  unprofitable   ono.     If   .Mr.   Ellison  moans thut it was unprofitable in view   js  of what   has   subsequently  come out Ljuejn���������  against him, he is no  doubt   correct.  It was unprofitable not alone   to   Mr,  Ellison but to the Conservative   party  as well.    But   this   is   not the point  Mr. Ellison seems to make.     He   ap-  pareutly   believes,   and    would have  others believe, that because he did not  mako as much money out of the trans  action as he expected, it is not a serious matter to the party or the people.  It   is   just   hero   where  Mr. Ellison  makes   his  gravest   error.    If   those  cattle   winch   cost   the  people  $400,  and 8300, and $250 apiece, were   not  good enough for Mr. Ellison  at  825,  and $50, nnd $75, what more   did   he  want for his   money?    Did   he expect  the great Holstein bulls on the Colony  farm to be thrown in with    the   cows  they   had   served   before  Mr. Ellison  got them'?    If he expected   more  than!  he got, how much did he expect? j  Another point of weakness in   Mr. ,  Ellison's defence is the   fact  that  lie j  attempted  to throw the responsibility j  of   trii!    transaction   upon tho Colony >  ( Coiitlnnrd on f'a'jc ���������'/���������)  1  LEG CUT Off  Fred, the eight-year old son of  Mr. and Mrs. W. J. Galipeau, had  a.narrow escape from instant death  about 3 o'clock Tuesday afternoon.  As it was, ibe accident ended quite  seriously," the boy having bis left foot  cut off three inches below the knee  by a Great Northern passenger train.  On his way home from school  the boy attempted to cross the  Great Northern tracks at the freight  sheds just as the afternoon passenger  train was backing into the station.  His.foot caught in a frog of one of  the switches, and he was held a  prisoner. Unable to- extricate himself, he waved his hands frantically  at the brukeman on the rear platform of the approaching tram, hut  the man did not understand him.  When within a car's length of the  boy, however, the brakeman noticed  that he wa3 h������ Id fast in the frog and  pulled the bell-cord, but it was then  too late to stop. As the train approached, the boy had presence of  mind enough to throw himself on  the outside of the rail, and thus escaped death with the loss of a limb.  The foot was terribly crushed and  mangled.  The boy was conveyed to the hos  pital with all possible haste and  placed under the care of Dr. Tomp-  sett. It was found necessary to  amputate the limb three inches below the knee. The boy is at present reported to be cheerful and  doing splendidly, though rather  weak from loss of blood.  6. C, Copper Statistics  The report of the British Columbia Copper company for 1914, jur-t  issued, shows a decrease of S993.340  in the returns from shipments, as  compared with 1913, the receipts for  the period having been $911,355 as  against 81,904,695 for the previous  fiscal period. Operating expense.-*  were 8788,685, as against $1,424^-  298, a decrease of 8635,613, and the  custom ore purchase declined $206,-  065, the amount being 8162,435, as  against $368,500 The British Col  unibia company practically suspended operations the last half of  191J-, the nsult of depressed metal  prices, but it is developing its properties, particularly tho-e at Voigt  camp, acquired several months ago  under bond from Euiil Voigt, and it  anticipated that it will be pro-  soon at normal capacity.  Plans have been prepared for a smelter lo treat the output of the mines  under development, in addition to  he plant at Greenwood.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on K F. Laws' ranch:  Mia.  April23���������Friday  39  24���������Saturday  .... 46  25���������Sundny, 39  27���������Monday  37  28���������Tuesday  40  29���������Wednesday .. 38  30-Thursday..... 48 52  Rainfall    I-"-'  Max.  (iO  64  70  75  70  77  Tomorrow will be the date set by  Lord Kitchener for the commence  ment of the war.  -,-. ���������.....���������.,J.���������. ������������������...���������������������������..,���������., M  l      M l l        lj i 11   i     '��������� ______���������_______ JhSSsH ���������%*f:  .   THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C,  Farmers and  Business Men  Both Interests Could Profitably Get  Together For Their Mutual  Advantage  At the conference for education in  the south at Louisville last April  there was a discussion of the subject,  "Will the growth of Farmers' Co-operative Associations bo d'sadvaniageous  to business interests?" The discussion was opened by Mr. Jlarry I-Jodg-  Hon of Athens, Ga., and throughout  the argument he spoke always of  farmers and business men as opposing factors in the economic struggle.  When Dr. John Leo Coulter, head of  the agricultural division of the cen-  bus bureau, answered Mr. Hodgson,  his one argument m^s that farmers  were business men, and that while  boine of them were poor business  men, on the whole, they averaged as  well in business ability a.s men in  other occupations.  Dr. Coulter's argument was not  cily unanswerable, but it seemed to  remove something that was menacing  it inspired a feeling of good-will, and  established "a working basis for a  new and different relation between  business men of all occupations. Is  not the time' ripe for the development  of this attitude? Cannot we drop  .out of sight this purely imaginary  line between business men and farra-  -ers and'all work together for the upbuilding of-the* country districts without which there can be no prosperity  for the body politic.-.whether city or  ' country?   * . '    ���������     -   ,.    -  The- secretary of the Illinois  Bankers' association told me that he  found upon investigation that every  'county in Illinois which did not have  " a large town or city iu it lost in population during the last1 decade. The  decrease of population in our rural  districts, the increase in tenancy, the  disproportion of the ratio of increase  between our food production, only 11  per cent., and population, 21 per  cent., should make every thinking  man and woman demand a definite  working program for the organization  of rural communities.  May I make one or two suggestions  along this line, borrowed from my  experiences in various parts of the  United States and Europe? Let all  business- men's clubs, boards of trade,  etc., in the towns and cities drop the  discrimination against farmers and  ask them to become members of their  organization.  I found in Franklin Tennessee, a  business men's club of 300 members  which had added 250 farmers to its  membership. They have built a  comfortable 'club house and the sectary wrote me, "It is" a common sight  to see a large number .' farmers  and business men chatting or playing  games on Saturday afternoons, and  on Sundays the farmers come to the  club to brush up before going to  church." I only heard' of this club  house as it neared completion and I  asked, "Is it one or two stories?"  "Only one." "Why didn't you make  it two and provide a rest room for  the women?" "We never thought of  it!" But later the secretary wrote  me that cooperating with one of the  women's clubs they had made provisions for the worn-n elsewhere.  Shortly after this when visiting  Maryville, Tennessee, I" called upon  the president of the board of trade. I  found him a thoroughly wide-awake  and broad-minded man. He was the  manager of the Electric Light Company and a large farmer. I told him  of what the men at Franklin had  done. He immediately said that he  would present the matter of taking in  the farmers as members at the next  LIGHT/DRAFT  SEE ONE Al  THE DEALER'S  Made in  Canada For Canadian Conditions  SEVERE ECZE  Itched Badly. Became One Mass  of Pimples, Awfully Disfigured.  Could Not Sleep. Nearly Mad  with Pain. Used Cuticura Soap  and Ointment,^. Skin Clear.  59 Montray St., Toronto, Ont.���������"".iy  trouble with eczema was very severe. 16  first appeared as a rash and itched so badly  that I could not resist scratch-  5^!^ ing. I scratched so much that  tho rash began to spread alt  over my faco and became ono  mass of pimples. I was awfully disfigured for tho limo  being; ray face was in a bad  condition. At night it used  to itch" and I could not got a  proper night's sleep. Jt nearly  clrovo mo mad with pain.  "I was recommended to use and!  I also tried and T got no results at  all. I said I would never try anything clso  until 1 heard about Culieura Soap and Ointment. Arter I had finished with ono-cako  of Culieura .Soap and a box of Cuticura Oint-  niont I could scarcely beliovo my own eyes.  It certainly was marvelous what Cuticura  Soap and Ointment did After six weeks'  time my skin was clear and smooth."  (.Signed; Albert E. Andrews. Slay 2J, 1014.  Samples Free by Mail  In purity, emollient properties, refreshing fragrance, convenience and economy,'  Culieura Soap and Ointment meet with tho  approval of the most discriminating. Often  successful when all else fails. Cuticura  Soap ai'd Cuticura Ointment aro sold everywhere. Liberal sample of each mailed free;  vrith rtL'-p. Skin Hook. Address post-card  fICuticura, Dopt. D, Boston, U. S. A.".  W. N. U. 1044  meeting of the board of trade, and he  remarked, "I have often thought that  if I was a dry goods merchant I would  have a rest room for women, but I  never thought of the board of trade  doing it." Then suddenly he exclaimed, "Will you come across the street  with me?" There in the rear of a  new bank building was a~largc unused  room opening on the side street. .It  was light and airy, the walls were  tinted green and it had a well equipped toilet room. -'���������Would this make  a good rest room for. the women?"  "Excellent," I exclaimed. "Well, we  will have it ready before the Chautauqua opens in two weeks." And he  was as good as his word.  If the bankers, merchants and  farmers would unite in one business  men's clubs in-each town and village,  and would provide the opportunity for  the women to meet also, Ave would  soon have organizations that could  find agencies to attack the rural problem adequately. You ask th.-ougi  what agencies this attack corid.be  best made. The great agency toy  rural organization.in Europe has  been the country' school teacher.  Housed in a home beside the,school  house, or; often schoolv and., home* are"  one building,' with sufficient ground  to furnish all his family needs,*- the  teacher is a permanent, member, of  the community, the .natural"leader'in  better, methods of cultivating the soil,  and in the organization for marketing  the produce, arid for securing co-operative, credit. . The "teaching's", should,  take its place beside every, country  school, and should become the centre  of a now life in the country.  A second great agency for rural  organization has been provided .by  the Smith-Lever bill. This ought to  make it possible for every county ,to  have a man as farm demonstrator "and  a .woman demonstrator of home economics. The cduni.es which ". have  these workers are rapidly * forging  ahead.   -  The third great agency should be  the health departments of each of  our counties. Our vital statistics  show iis the great need of organization in rural districts-' for better  health conditions. The proportion" of  deaths in the open country being  greater than in many of our large  cities. The American Hed Cross association- among its many agencies  has a rural department for training  and placing nurses in the rural districts. A well organized community-  league could work with this association and its county health officer in  securing a trained nurse for its district, who might live in the teacher-  age and co-operate with the school  teacher.  A fourth great agency for better  living in the country is the rural department of Y.M.C.A. and Y.W.C.A.  Religious division and a multiplicity  of churches with absentee pastors is  keeping the rural districts divided  and often antagonistic, but the undenominational and well trained Christian-Association worker could lead in  a new religious life and also organize  the recreation of the district; for  without proper recreation and amusement our young people will not remain , in  the  country  With these four agencies���������the  teacher, the agricultural and home  economics demonstrator, the nurse,  and the Christian Association organizer, working in a district with a  teacherage, or school home, as a centre could We not soon^ hope for a  very different life in the community?  Would not the organization of bankers, merchants and farmers in each  -.county seat into.' a business men's  club, or a chamber of commerce and  agriculture, form a strong body which  could do much toward securing these  agencies for each district in the  county?���������Lillian Wycoff Johnson, iii  The Banker-Farmer."  Pointers on Handling Butter  Vaccination Efficacious  Cases of Typhoid Fever Reduced to a  Minimum  Among  British  Cold-  iers in French Trenches  Sir Frederick Treves, in a recent  address delivered at London, says the  Pittsburg Dispatch, described the results of typhoid vaccination on the  British forces now in the field as  "positively astounding." During more  than five months of active service,,  most of it in the trenches and unde/  conditions likely to generate enteric  disease, there had been but 212 cases  of typhoid among the British forces.  Of these, 17o had not been inoculated.  That is to say, only thirly-nine inoculated soldiers had been attacked by  the disease and "not a single death  had occurred among thoso inoculated."  There are now probably a million  British soldiers in field and camp.  What share of these have been vaccinated against typhoid is not stated.  But with such favorable statistics it  is not reasonable to presume that the  vaccinations have been used in the  majority of the cases. The frightfully unsanitary conditions of the French  battlefields have been the subject of  many despatches. That under such  circumstances the anti-typhoid inoculation should reduce the disease to  thirty-nine cases and no deaths certainly argues very great virtues for  that precaution.  The experience of the United States  army in the same line corroborates  this showing. But the United States  army has not been subjected to any  such severe test as the British in  their recent campagin. After this for  any civilized power to suffer severe  losses from typhoid will indicate a  conspicuous neglect of effective precautions.  Some Good Advice Given Farmers Engaged in Dairying  Prof. Mitchell  addressing a creamery and dairy convention on' thefini-  portant   subject   of  grading    butter  cream and also cow testing, said the  confidence of the produce merchants  had been gained by the improvement  j in the systems of grading butter and  [ they were now prepared to store in  [large quantities for winter use.   This  j will  relieve the market at a critical  time and have the effect of steadying  prices.     The   more   important  points  were the grading of butter and safeguarding the creamery.  Transportation . was important as  sometimes butter was handled negligently, one case coming before 'the  lecturer's notice,- where the butter  was carried -in a car -\vhicn had been  used for coal, and tne. particles* had"  got all into the butter.  Don't short weight on consignments. See that the-client gets the  weight specified. At the same time  don't throw* away the st-uft' by overweight. ' '  'Parchment paper was one cause of  mould 'on butter and explicit instructions were handed but how to treat  the  papers'.        - -- ���������  Salt was' an important factor-in  lasting butter. It must be kept dry  and clean.-' ,One case of neglect was  where salt was kept in a-place^ near  hides and'the salt had absorbed ' the  odor ofthe hides. *���������;'"���������  . - Some creameries in the fall, Prof.  Mitchell said, could be used as fattening stations for chickens.  ' Tlie outstanding feature in handling butter was that all appliances  used must be scrupulously clean,  otherwise unsatisfactory results develop.  Aim to Increase the ^ Average Yield  By Better Cultivation, Better Seed Selection and Rotation  of Crops, a Higher Average Yield will be Secured  (From The Banker-Farmer)  ' Tbat is the most important truth for the American farmer'to krow an<S  put in practice, lie must not be alarmed by the bogey, "the higher ihfc  yield, the greater the cost, not only per acre but also per bushel"���������whicb  does not apply to a farming .condition .wherein the farmer has not begun  to get the natural yield of an honestly-treated farm.  Our general farming has not reached���������and,will not reach.in our generation���������the point where we need to be concerned with'this ultimate rule. Id  twenty-five years perhaps it may be proper to consider it. But not now.  'It is a fool thing to try to put brakes on the American farmer today���������  rather lie should be encouraged and spurred, more than ever, to prevent bins,  from falling behind in yield aud- investment returns. The only, thing that,  has saved .the American farmer so far has been, increase in crops and land  values. It-required a campaign of twenty-five years in, Germany, to-'raised  the average wheat yield 10 bushels an acre. ^ '  On higher-priced land, expense eats up an average acre,yield..-.The profit  ���������and-the ONLY PROFIT���������is in the "EXCESS yield above, the average.  The' easy, rational and inexpensive way to secure a yield above the  average is by better seed bed, better seed and better rotation with crop  and animal manures.  Easily Conquered  A New Yorker of wide experience  has written a boox telling how. the"  tobacco or snuff habit may be easily  and completely banished in three days  with delightful benefit. The author,  Edward J. Woods, 280 A, Station E.,  New York City, will mail his book  free on' request.  The health improves wonderfully  after the nicotine poison is ort of the  system. Calmness', tranquil ,'^sleep,  clear eyes, normal appetite, good digestion, manly growth, strong memory, and a general gain in efficiency  are among the many benefits reported. Get rid of that nervous feeling;  no more need of pipe, cigar, cigarette,  snuff or chewing tobacco to pacify  morbid ties.' 'e.  ���������    HERE. IS THE PROOF  All in the Seed���������Two cars planted .the same day, side by side, cultivated the  -' same  and   under  the  same  climatic   conditions���������67   bushels  more   per  acre, or at 60 cents- per bushel giving a profit of    $40.20    more    per  acre, just because of the seed.���������Wisconsin Experiment Station.  That the large colonization companies are laying plans for a heavier  emigration from the United States is  evident from the fact that about 30  representatives of the largest companies in the United-States and Canada waited on the. Saskatchewan  government at Regina recently, when  matters affecting colonization in this  province were dis-ussed.  May  Find   Help   in  This  Letter.  Swan Creek, Mich..���������"I cannot speak  too highly of your medicine. When  through neglect or  overwork I get run  down and my appetite is poor and I  have that weak, languid,, always tired  feeling, I get a bottle of Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound, and it  builds me up, gives  me strength, and restores me to" perfect  health again. It is truly a great blessing to women, and I cannot speak too  highly of it. I take pleasure in recommending it to others."���������Mrs. Annie  Camef.on, R.F.D., No. 1, Swan Creek,  Michigan.  Another Sufferer Relieved.  Hebron, Me. ���������"Before taking your  remedies I "was all run down, discouraged and had female weakness. I took  Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and used the Sanative Wash, and  find today that I am an entirely new  woman, ready and willing to do my  housework now, where before taking  your medicine it was a dread. I try to  impress upon the minds of all ailing  women I meet the benefits they can  derive from your medicines." ��������� Mrs.  Charles Rowe, R. F. D., No. 1,  Hebron, Maine.  If you want special advice  write to Lydia E. l^inkliam Medicine Co., (confidential) Lynn,  Mass. Your letter wil be opened,  read and answered by a woman  and held in strict confidence.  Joy of Ownership  A  Little  Land   For   Everyone,  Be  it a  Farm  or a   Garden   Plot  Society recognizes that land may  be put to other uses than to agriculture and to the making of homes. It  sets aside reservations for parks,  pleasure grounds and the protection  of wild life. We no longer question  the value of this use of the surface  of the earth. And yet these areas are  available to the people only as visitors���������they may wander through, sit in  certain' specified .places, admire but  not touch, -follow the formal> lines;  and in the. big reservations in-the far  places they may perhaps secure permission to-camp. This regulation is  necessary for these places, but these  places  are by no means-sufficient.  A person never gets the most from  his contact with the earth unless he-  owns a bit of it/and has-the -'igtit  and privilege to manipulate it���������land  in which he may dig, on ���������whic'.i'.Jie  may- plant trees and then implant,  them if so he shall desire, from'which  he may gather flowers "in s'prin-j.-aiTi  r-.uts^ in the autumn, on which he  may build cabins, and w*he *e. l'or; a  few week's or days in a year he mdy  do'as he ."will freevfrom conventionalisms and with ho obligation, to "im-  prove" the property. It Svoul-T. be an  immense gain to society if its organization were siich that every person  could look forward to the real ownership of a bit of the earth. Ownership, of land identifies a man with a  program in life, steadies him,''and .it  should also give hini personal joy. It  is just this longing .that is now expressed in the widespread back-to-'  the-farm movement. But most city  persons are not qualified to be farmers, yet it should be possible for them  to own a parcel of.land without the  obligation to develop a business on  that land, with its burdens, its daily  cares and its financial risks.���������L. I-I.  Bailye, in  the Countryside Magazine.  seas  AXLE GREASE  Has been  - your horse's  best friend  for years. It  makes pulling easy.  The mica  does it.  Dealer* Everywhere     *_  The  IMPERIAL OIL COMPANY  Limited  . Deafness Cannot Be Cured  fty local applications, as tney cannot resell tbe dfa.  toiod portlca of the car. There Is only ono way to  euro deafaeas, and that la by constitutional remedies.  Deafness la caused by .an Inflamed condition ol th������  mucous lining o' the Eustachian Tubs. When this  tubs la lnflainol you have ft rumbling sound or Imperfect hearing, and when It 13 entirely closed, Deaf-  seti fa the result, and unless the Inflammation can be  taken out and this tubo restored to Its normal condition, hearing will bo destroyed forever j nine cases  out of ten are caused by Catarrh, which la rjothloc  but an Inflamed condition of the mucous surfaces.  We will give Ona Hundred Dollars for any case ot  gieafneas (causod by catarrh) that cannot be cured  J Ilall'9 Catarrh Cure.   Send for circulars, free.  F. J. CHENEY & CO.,' ToleAs, 0.  Bold by Druggists, 7Ce.  Hake Hall's Family Fill* (or constipation.  Der Kaiser's Sorrow For Belgium  A kind considerate crocodile,  Who lived on the banks of the River  Nile  Once  swallowed   a   tlsli  with  a  face  of woe  As his  tears fell fast to the  waters  below.,  I  mourn, said  he,   when  I   think  of  the fate  Of the dear little fish that 1 just now  ate.  Sunday   School   Teacher���������What   is  tho outward, visible sign of baptism?  Johnny���������The baby, muni.  Made  Girl Soldier's Dravery  The incident of the Czar having recently congratulate J. and approved ot  the St. George's Cross being conferred upon a girl who had masqueraded  as a volunteer and been three times  wounded while taking ammunition to  the troops at Opatoff and taken prisoner, but subsequently rescued, is almost unique in Russian history. There  was a similar instance at the time ol  Napoleon';- invasion in. 1813, when a  lady landowner, of Kostrom.:, disguised herself as a hussar, and acted as  orderly to Field Marshal Kutuzoff.  There was also :. case during tbe Japanese war. Another woman aviator.  Mademoiselle Sams-onova,. has been  accepted for service at the front. 1>  SHN",   UlCANV   FORKS,   B.XS  , *    'i.  /���������0  >.- '���������  Lectures  on   Farm  Topics  j The Farmers' Week at the' Manitoba Agricultural College proved a  great success, the lectures being all"  of a high character, and all on important subjects bearing 'on farming.  The male sex were not in evidence,  numerically, but this was partly  made uP by the keen interest displayed."  '- E. Wuril Jones, professor of animal  husbandry, in response to many and  extensive inquiries from Manitoba  farmers in -view of the high- prices  which are being realized for oats of  all grades at the present f.ime, gave  alucil illustrated explanation of the  values of each feed generally used on  the farm. Alfalfa and fodder corn, in  his^opinion, should-be. on every farm.  F. G. Churchill, B.S.A., lecturing  pn practical soil problems, emphasized among other subjects".the importance of crop rotation and' good drainage principles.  .   -Works In the Garden Now  *    Grown    old    in the service-of-his  Blaster-* and    mistress, James was a  privileged retainer. ���������  He. was waiting at table one day  Then, a guesr^asked for a fish fork.  Strangely enough Uie request was  .���������ignored.  Then the hostoss noticed the. episode, and remarked in a most-per-  smptory manner:  "James, Mrs. Jones hasn't any fish  ���������fork".'   Get her one-at once!"  "Madam," came" the emphatic re-  Sly, "last time Mrs. Jones dined here  ������������������ve lost a fish fork."      ��������� -���������       ' '* -  James has now been "relegated to  *ihe garden.     .  .. n '  7\  To  Utilize-Spirits as Combustile3  The Russian ministry of finance is  organizing a . competition * with  prizes running up to $15,000 for rendering methylated spirits and similar  harmful Leverages, absolutely uu-5  drinkable.  Prizes of ������37,500 are offered for  aew or improved methods of utilizing  spirits as combustibles. -,; ;   ,-���������-.-   ,-" <  These awards with other" prizes"  proposed aggregate $300,000.  BABY'S OWN TABLETS  THE HOME DOCTOR  *. An-Aristocrat'^ War  ��������� Dr. Otto- Sattler, secretary of the  German x\ssociation of Culture, in an  address delivered at New "iork, said:  "I am a, German. I received in Germany the best training which Kulture  can give, but I am against this war  because the war was never wanted by  the common people."  Dr. Sattler said that the war had  been, brought on by the military  clique Tin Germany and the common  people had .been compelled to fight  at the bidding of the aristocracy.'  \-\re you the defendant? asked the  Judge.  No, boss, replied the man, I ain't  done nothin' to be called names like  dat.    I'se got a lawyer here."'  Then, who are you?"  Why, I'se the gen'leman 'at took de  chickens.  No home where there 'are little ones  should be without . a box of "Baby's  Own Tablets. They cure all the minor ills of babyhood and their prompt  use when baby-is ailing .will save the  mother mmiy anxious moments and  1he baby much pain. Concerning them  Mrs. Paul" Nenion, Tugaske, Saslc,  writes: "We consider Baby's Own  Tablets as good as a.doctor in the  louse and .every time our little one is  .Ailing they soon set him right again."  The Tablets are sold by medicine dealers or by mail at 25 cents a box from  The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Out. ���������  He's Back at "Work  ��������� Strong an&Hearty:-  ONE   MORE   SPLENDID   CURE  DODD'S  KIDNEY PILLS  BY  The worried countenance of the  Sridegroom disturbed the best man.  Tiptoeing up the aisle, he whispered:  "What's the matter, Jack? Hae ve  lost the ring?"  "No," blurted the unhappy Jack,  "the ring's safe eno.' . But, mon, I've  lost ma enthusiasm."  He���������I didn't know it was so late.'  Are you sure  that clock is going?  Feminine voice from above���������It's going a whole lot faster than you are,  young man,    .5  May Be Tea or Coffee  That Causes all the Trouble .  . _When the house is' afire, .-it's about  ���������the same as when disease begins to  show, it's', no'-time to talk but time  to act���������delay -is dangerous���������remove  ihe cause of "the .trouble  at once.  "For a number of years," wrote a  western lady, "I felt sure that coffee  ���������was hurting me, and yet I was "so  fond of it, I could not give it up. At  last I got so bad that I made up my  mind I must eithei quit the use of  coffee or  -.ie.  (Tea is just as injurous as coffee  because it, too, contains the health-  slestroying drug, caffeine).  _ "Everything I ate distressed me,  and I suffered severely most of the  ilme with jalpitation of the heart. I  frequently woke up in' the night" with  the feeling that J was almost gone���������  my :.eart sesnud so smothered and  "weak in its action. My breath grew  short and the least exertion set me  panting. I slept bu*: little and suffered from rheum* tism.  "Two years ago I stopped using the  coffee and began to use Postum and  from the verj first I began to improve. It worked a miracle! Now  I can eat .vnything and digest it without trouble. Isletp. like .a* baby, and  my. heart beats strong, and regularly.  My breathing.has become steady and  normal, and liiy rheumatism has left  me.  "I feel l'ke anot.^r person, and it  is all due to quitting coffee and using Postum, for I haven't used any  medicine and none would have done  any good as, long as I kept drugging  with ; coffee.'' , Name given by Can-*  adlan Postum Co., Windsor, Out.  Read "The Road -1 * Wellvilfo," in  pkgs.  Postum comes, in two forms:  Regular Postum���������must"' be well  boiled.    15c  ; ,nd  25c  packages.\  Instant Postum���������is a soluble powder. A teaspopnful.dissolves quickly  in a cup of hot ��������� water-, ��������� and, with  cream and sugar, makes a .delicious  beverage instantly.   30c and 50c tins.  Botli kinds are equally delicious,  and cost .per -cup.about, the same.  "There's a Reason. for Postum.  ' ���������sold by Grocers.  .;"..' w. n. u. 1044,"���������'.T~3T";.  Quebec Man Who Suffered for a Long  Time From Kidney Disease Finds  a Complete Cure  Alleii's Mills, Portneuf Co., Que.���������  (Special)���������Another splendid cure by  Dodd's Kidney Pills is that of Michael Gauthier, a well known resident of  this place., Mr. Gauthier'was for a  long time a sufferer with a pain in  his head caused by kidney disease,  and at length got so bad that lie had  to quit work. Dodd's Kidney Pills  cured him. He is back at work,  strong and hearty, and naturally he  feels that he wants all who suffer  from kidney disc se to know that  they can find' a cure in Dodd's Kidney  Pills..  For Dodd's Kidney Pills not only  cure-the pain or ache- that is causing  the most distress, they put the kidneys in'good working order and all  the impurities and " poisons are.  strained out of the, blood. The result  is that new strength is carried to  every part of the body. That's why  so many sufferers cured by Dodd's  Kidney Pills sum up their condition,  "I feel like a new man." Naw energy  is new life. You can't have it with  sick kidneys. With healthy kidnoys  you must have it. Dodd's " Kidney  Pills  make  healthy kidneys.  are under-size, under-weight  with pinched faces and poor blood; they  do not complain but appetite lags, they  have no ambition and. do liot progress.  - Such children need the rich medicinal  nourishment iu Scott's Emulsion above  everything else; its pure cod liver oil contains nature's own blood-forming, flesh-  building fats which quickly show in rosy  cheeks, better appetite, firm flesh and  sturdy frames.  , If your children are languid, .tired  when rising catch cold easily or find  their studies difficult, give them Scott's  Emulsion; it supplies the very food elements that their systems lack.  Scott'a^EmuUion contains no harmful  drugs and is so good for growing children  it's a pity to keep it from them.  K-47      Scott & Bowne. Toronto. Ontario   '.  Farming  'We are interested in the farming  operations'of this county for the very  important' reason that not only 'our  success, but .that of every business  man, largely depends upon the success of the farmers.  Well-to-do farmeis mean a prosperous community.  The boy of today is the man of tomorrow. All parents should lend  their-enthusiastic encouragement and  support to the boys.in this movement.  Impurities cf the Blood Counteract;  ed.���������Impurities in the, blood come  from defects in the action of the  liver. They are revealed by pimples  and unsightly blotches on .the skin.  They must be treated inwardly, and  for .'this purpose" there-is no more'ef-  fective compound to be used than  Parmelee's Vegetable Pills. They act  directly on the liver-and by setting  up healthy processes have a beneficial effect upon the blood,' so that impurities are eliminated.  From the Land of Evangeline"  - A-���������liundred and .sixty years.ago  Evangeline,' daughter of Benedict  Bellefontaine, set out .from..the ruins  of ' Graiid .Pre on her wandering  search across this continent for Gabriel Lajounesse,  -"- - Bleeding, barefooted, over the  shards and thorns of existence,  going West till she came to a Mission  at the base of the Qzark Mountains,  where for a time she found rest. To-.,  day. another young lady from Nova  Scotia, who for six months will represent Evangeline in the C.P.R. Pavilion  at the San Francisco Exposition, is  travelling West on the Imperial Limited to the Land of Missions under  very different circumstances. With  her Norman Cap and her kirtle of  homespun-she will spin at her old-  fashioned distaff and remind the wayfarers at the Pacific Coast of her own  beautiful Acadian cotnitry on the  shores of the Atlanr.c. But instead of  Longfellow she has a bright, cheery  up-to-date Canadian optimism and  boosts for Grand Pre and Nova Scotia.  The British naval gunner is a good  shot, and knows it. In one of the recent battles a. British warsh.'p was  about to engage a ship of the enemy,  when.an officer, pointing to the target, said to the petty officer in charge  of the gun:."  "You see that, man on the bridge.  Well, I want you to hit him in the  eye." - ' ;  Liek a flash came the reply: "Aye,  aye, sir. Which eye?"���������Cauadian  Military Gazette.  Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  -Gentlemen,���������My daughter, 13 yre.  ,o.ld,-;'iwas'": thrown from u sleigh; and  injured "her elbow so badly it "remained itiff and very painful for three  years"; Four bottles of MINARD'S  LINIMENT'completely cured her and  she'has .not been troubled for two  years.    "."'���������''  " Yours truly,  * J.   B.   LIYESQUE.  St. Joseph P.O.,  18th Aug., 1900.  '   What kind of meat have you  this  morning?  asked the husband of the  butcher.  ���������"��������� Tha best steak we hav-j <*,vcr had,  sir,   ropi.rd   the   butcher.   Here   you  are, sir: ts smooth as ve'.vot and as  tender as a woman's hea*c  Tho husband looked up and said:  I'll take sausage. '       ���������'������������������*.    -  'Tis a Marvellous Thing.���������When  the cures effected by Dr. Thomas' Ec-  lctric Oil are considered, the speedy  and permanent relief it has brought  to the suffering wherever it has bean  used, it must be regarded as a marvellous thing that so potent a medicine should result from the six ingredients which enl.er into its composition. A trial will- convince the  most skeptical o" -'-'- healing virtues.  An Exceptional Case  She had risen several times to let  a, gentleman pass out between. the  ahts., '���������������������������'.'  "I ani very sorry to disturb" you,  madam,", he remarked apologetically,  as. he went out the fourth time.  "Oh.don't mention it," she replied,  pleasantly, "I am most happy to  oblige you; my husband keeps the  refreshment bar."  That the largo colonization companies are laying plans for a heavier  emigration from the United States is  evident from .the fact that about 30  representatives of the largest companies in the United States and Canada waited . on- -the Saskatchewan  government at Regina recently, when  matters affecting colonization in this  province were discussed.  An American travelling man was  being shown ar-ur 1 by an English  guide.  "In this room sir," said the guide,  "is where Wellingtons-received his  first commission.''  "Indee-1," said the drumirer, "and  how much  commission did he get?"  Conquers Worlds of Pain  In Distemper  influenza  Epizootic  Pink Eye  Shipping   Fever  For  Brood   Mares  Stallions  '  Colts  Race Horses  Work  Horses  ���������   v        "All Druggists  SPOHN   MEDICAL  CO.,  Goshen,   Ind.,   U.S.A.  100 VALUABLE PRERflSURflS <GIVEN AWAY!  1st PRIZE, $50.00 in Cash 3rd PRIZE $3S.OO in Cash  2nd PRIZE, $40.00 in Cash        . 4th PRIZE $25.00 in Cash  5th to 9th PRIZES, each $10.00 in Cash.  I The above picture shows a Torpedo Boat Destroyer and an Aeroplane. The Aeroplane belonir* J  to the enemy. It hai just dropped a bomb on (he deck o( the war vessel. Some of the crew  have been knocked down by the shock", and some have jumped into (he water in an endeavour  to save themselves by sreU'nt' aboard oilier boats that are near by. Can you /ind the faces of Ihe  fourlecn men in this picture? Some, will be easily found, others are harder to discern, but by  patience you can probably find most of them. You may win a cash pri^e by ddin<r so. Munv  have done this. If you find the faces mark each one with an X ; cut out (lie picture and send it  to us together willi a slip of paper on which you have written the words, "I have found all the  faces and marked them." Write these nine words plainly and neatly as in cases of ties both  writing- and neatness will be considered factors in this contest.  "This may take up a little of y<;ur time but as there is $200.00 in cash and One Hundred  Premiums given a\va3", it is worth your while to take a little trouble over this matter.  We do not ask you to spend One Cent or" your Money in order to enter this Contest.  Send your answerat once; we will reply by return mail saying whether you are correct or  not and will send you a complete prize list together with the names and addresses of the persons  who have recently received over $2, OOO. 00 in cash prizes from us, and will also send full  particulars ofa ������imple condition that must be fulfilled in order that you may qualify in this  contest.   (This condition does not involve the spending of any of your money.)  Winners of cash prizes in our late competitions will not be allowed to enter this one.  This Competition will be judged by two well known business men of undoubted integrity  who have no connection, with this Company,   Their decisions must be accepted as final.  fundd^rectrto-Household Specialty Co'Y. dept.   \v   Montreal.  iRICANTS  THE Imperial Oil Company,  Limited," manufactures at its  refineries at Sarnia and Vancouver  a completevline of. lubricants, prepared to meet the requirements of  the Canadian Farmer.  Standard Gas Engine Oil, Prairie  Harvester Oil, Capitol Cylinder  Oil, Thresher Hard Oil, Eldorado  Castor Oil and Arctic Cup Grease  are brands which have been supplied to Canadian farmers for years.  They are known to be absolutely  reliable lubricants; each carefully  manufactured to meet particular  requirements.  Ask for our lubricating oils in steel,  barrels equipped with raucets���������the  - cleM, economical method of tond-'"  ?Hngoils:on;th^  --   -Branch Stationi.Throughout the Dominion.  COMPANY  THE  IMPERIAL   OIL  Limited  Made In  Canada  <  w  zL  Don't Persecute  your Bowels  Cut out cathartics and purgatives.   They are  brutal~har*h-unneces������ary. Try  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Pureiyvegetable. Act  gently on theliver,  eliminate bile.and  soothe thedeli-  calcmembraiie  ofthe bowel  Cart Can-  Mtipatioit,  Bitiotti'  rust,  Sick Headache and Indiitiiion, at millions know.  Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price,  Genuine mutt heu Signature  To Lend a Hand  The meanest man, and the farmer's  greatest enemy is his so-called friend  who fattens on the keeping alive of  the farmer's prejudice hate and distrust. The farmer has too long been  considered in a class apart. The successful farmer is already a business  man and he should unite with all  other business men to Io'jI: after the  problems "of his community. The line  between town arid country must be  wiped  out.���������The  County  Agent.  Minard's  Liniment  Cures  Dandruff.  First Medic���������Brown had an accident  yesterday.-  Second Medic���������How was that?  First Medic���������He fell for a girl in  Henniek's and broke a bone paying  for her  dope.  Warts are disfigurements that disappear when treated with Ifqlloway's  Corn Cure.  A young lady who lisped very badly  was treated by a specialist, and after  diligent practice and the expenditure  of some money learned to say: "Sister Susie's Sewing .Shirts for Soldiers."  She repeated it to her friends at a  private rehe&rsal and was congratulated upon her masterly performance.  "Yeth" she said dubiously, "but it  1th thuth an ectheedingly difficult remark to work into a converthathion���������  ethepthially when you conthider that  I have no thither Thutliie."  '  "All the fools    are   hot dead yet,"  said the sarcastic man.  . "What's the matter with you?"  asked the simple one. "Aren't you  feeling well?"  Prof, (searching vainly for his  socks)���������I have places where I keep  my things and you ought to know; It.  Mrs.���������You're right there. I ought  to know where you keep your late  hours.���������California Pelican.  It is wise to get rid. quickly ot  ailments of tho organ.3 of diges-  tion--of Headache, languor, depression of r.pirits���������tho trouble.!  for   which   the  beat  corrective   is  ThaLaroenSaltofAnvMtdicineinthe WorlA  fold CTir7wL������r������,   la inn, 25 coU XHE   SUN;    4RAND   FORKS,-   BV-G;  QJljp (&vmtb$mck& Bun  G. A. Evans. Editor and Publisher  SUBSOHIfTION KATB8 ! |  O.ie  5feur *1.5J  One Yenr (in advance)  1.00,  One Year, in United States  1.50  Address all communications to  The GuanoFokks Sun,  l'MONB K74 Grand Fohks, B. C  Wadding -, Presents  Let us help you pick that  Present you are going' to,  ' give. ' We.have a beauti- ,  Jul line of  the Conservatives credit: for,CutGlaSS,Silverware  bringing the Price Ellison cow | . _j . IVToWtlp PWItq  deal-soandal before the  house dllu  'JVldllLie   ^lOCfcb  occasional cotirageless - man  arrives here from another  country, he quickly inhales  bravery through breathing the  free atmosphere of Canada. -.   j  The - Enderby ��������� Press  giv.es  FRIDAY, APRIL 30,   1915  graft  pr  future all  be    rigorously  These  papers  pretend to be- ciation.  at the, Jate session of the iegis-   '-__ ; ���������_ lature. This is a misstatement.  .     . . ,Xh'e honor, we believe, belongs  A small section of the Con- to Mr. Forster, of Columbia.  servative press express great H0  was ably' assisted in his  Satisfaction over Premier Bor- exposure by Parker Williams  den's pronouncement that in and Mr. Place, and the facts  charges will in.the case were gathered by  investigated, -the  Provincial Liberal  asso-  Mr. Forster is not a  licve that the mere announce- Conservative. He is styled as  ment of this fact will ,put an an independent-Conservative,  end to all grafting. They will and in the last provincial elec-  be disappointed in their hopes, tion he defeated the govern-  The fears of an  investigation ment candidate:  will not stop  grafting as long ^ *  as the grafters know that'they TfiE-protests against a federal  will escape punishment, as did election at this time have been,-  the offenders in the shoe con- so stroug, and so general, by  tract and horse buying scan- the press of the country,-that  dais. To hold an investiga- the "government has paused*in  tion, and then whitewash the_ its determination to divide the  culprits, is. worse than no in- people into hostile camps,  vestigation at all. The gov- .Even Lion. Bob Rogers is re-  ernment   is   merely   grafting ported to be hestitating.  the people out of the money  =���������  to pay the expenses ofthe in- Can anybody outside of an  vestigation. Investigation un- insane asylum imagine an at-  accompanied by punishment tempt being made to take the  is as big a faree, and graft, as votes of Canadian .soldiers in  is the British Columbia gov- the fighting lines at such a  ernment's custom of appoint- time as this? Yet from now  ing its political henchmen as until the end of tbe war the  members   of   costly' commis- Canadians  will  be  as  much.  preoccupied with the grim  business before them- as they  have been in^, the last few  days.���������Victoria Times.  At prices that  have not  been  advanced since the  war.  0, MORRISON  JEWELER-OPTICIAN  GRAND FORKS.'B.C.  Kelly. -  Biirk(jr,  resident    engineer;    R.  chief   dispatcher;  -A.  C.  W.  H'iflgeson, relief dispatcher, and W.  0 Miliar, divisional superintendent,  vNitt.d the city on Wednesday.  They travelled in their   private  cur.  On Wednesday the Grand Forks  branch of the Daughters of the Empire forwarded to the heidqUHi'lers  of the Red Cross society in Toronto  five 50-pound - bale-* of cotti-nfor  hand'*ir s, two bales containing 211  pairs of'woolen socks, and one bale  containi'-gfour p-iirs of pillows..    :  TO ARRIVE  ON HAND  In a day or two :       '       - ="-   '  A CAR OF SEED GRAIN  Seed- Potatoes���������Early, Eose, Early.  Six Week's, Carmen '*No.. 1. and,  American Wonder. Field and Gar  den Seods of all kinds-on hand at fight prices':  TERMS  CASH  PHONE 95     FIRST-STREET, GRAND FORKS.    P, 0; BOX 610  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  ��������� of Danderine.  The two million Hollar ruin during  the past -couple of day- was. exactly  what the fruit growers of tbe valley  needed.      *--���������  sions and then, when their  recommendations are made,  to pigeon-hole them���������and forget them.  E.VELIY Canadian must take  pride in the spendid record  of bravery and gallantry made  by the Canadian troops in Belgium "and France during the  past week. When the boys  left for the front The Sun predicted that they would give  an honorable account of themselves, because the geographical location of the country is  such that it is conducive to  prodnc n^ brave men. The  soldiers on the firing line have  vindicated our judgment. We.  may add that the climatic condition are such  that when an  IS-OF THE CUT  For the summer months the after  noon Sunday school of the Baptist  church will combine with the 11 a.  111. service, with a new devotional and  Bible study service-order of interest  t>- old and young The Lord's Supper will be observed this Sunday  morning. Evening service subject,  by special request: "The Seeding  Tbat Insures a Jovful Harvest "  John R Greenfield,of Vancouver,  post office, inspector, visited, the city  this week.  TAKES OFF DANDRUFF,  HAIR STOPS FALLING  .Save your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine right now���������Also  -stops itching scalp.  ' Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  hair is mute evidence of. a neglected  -scalp;   of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  -the hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair  of, its lustre, its strength and its "very  life;  eventually producing a feverish-,  ness and itching of the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair roots  to shrink,  loosen  and  die���������then  the  hair falls out fast.   A little Danderir.  tonight���������now���������any   time���������will  "surf*-*  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent bottle of - Knowlton's;  Danderine from *Thy -drug store.    You'  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just try a'little Danderine.      Save   your   hair!    Try   it!  If you care for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is radiant, with  life; has an incomparable softness and  is fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine'.  Just- one application doubles the  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can not have- nice  heavy, healthy hair if you ' have  dandruff. This"destructive scurf robs  the hair of its lustre,' its strength and  its very" life, and if not overcome, it  produces a fevcrishness and itching of  tlie scalp; .the hair roots " famish,  loose-i and die; then the..hair falls out  fast ' Surely get a 25-cont Ijottleof  Knowlton's Danderine from any drug  store and just try it -_ ,  The wise man acts and lets  others dp the talking.  A party of U.iuadian   Pacific  rail  Wdy    officials   com posed   of   E.    A  FORK  THE  !ED  PRODUCE  Carries a Complete Stock of  Cement, Lime and Plaster  Seed  Grain  and Garden Seed  Bridge Street  Grand "Wks, B. C,  FACTS THEV  1ST FACE  (ConcludedJrom Page I )  his argu-  SECOND STRKKT; NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  farm officials To carry out  ment, we are asked to believe that  the Colony farm is run by a lot of  costly experts who do not know their  business. These expert cattlemen, he  would have us believe, buy fancy  stock at fancy prices with the people's  money and then sluff them off to  ministers ofthe crown at 10 cents on  the dollar.  Another point of weaknass is ��������� his  repeated 'r.efusual to accept the re  sponsibility for she answers given on  the order paper in,the house over his  signature. The valuations given in  the answers, he says, were not his  valuations, but were made by Co'ony  farm officials Are we to infer that  the same officials who previouly bougho  those cattle f<ys> the Colony farm at  prices ranging from. $250 to 8-100  turned them oyer to Mr Ellison at  prices ranging from $25 to 875, be  cause their first judgment when they  bought the.cattle was not sound?  Mr Ellison's own explanation  makes his case look worse than did  the facts presented by Mr. Gardom.  "Let's be sure n'f our foun.da:  tion before trying to put up a  bluff.       .    J ���������    "  Many a man has been bunkoed by judging a woman's  disposition by her smile.  White Wyandottes  That Lay and. Win  I won   at.  fall show 1st and 2nd  cockerel;'1st, 2nd and 3rd pullet,  1st and 2nd pen.  At winter show" I   made  fnur.. on tries  and won   2iid   cock, 1st cockerel,  1st  hen,'1st pen and silver cups.  .'    "       ^  Eggs" from .the  above are $2.00  for   15, and special  prices   given  on more than 15.  White Orpingtons  ��������� I won at the winter show, making five entries, ,2nd cock; 1st,  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and  silver'cup.  I have one pen of these  mated up   at  ������1.50 a setting of 15.  I have two crosses mated up,  Red pullet with Brown Leghorn  cock and White Orpington hens  with    White   Leghorn   cockerel.  AT YOUR  SERVICE  .  jVTodern Rigs  and Good  .Horses at All  Hours  at  tlie  Model Livery Barn  Burns & O'Ray, Props.  Phone 68 Second Street  Grand   Forks Transfer  PHONE 129    ".     ...  ��������� Sole Agents for  Teaming of All' Kinds.'  Bus and Baggage at All  Trains. >   *.  IWdntyre 8  Mclnnis, Proprietors  Geo. AE. tVIassie  Fashionable  Ladies' and Gentlemen's  TAILORING  .of:Every Description  G  Brid  rand ForKs  e Street  fcs, B. G.  Eges $1.00 for 12.  E.E.W. MILLS  GRAND FORKS,  B. G.  HANSEN 8 CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait Goal  .������  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Telf.phonks;  Officf., Kfi6  Hansen's Residence. R38'  First Street  Yale  Barber  Shop  Kazor Honlne a Specialty.  iners  ors  When doing that work in Franklin and   Gloucester  Camps this season, Qet jour Supplies at the  Gloucester Genera! Store a full line of General  Groceries,  Boots;   Shoes  and  Dry   Goods,  Prices very reasonable.    Quotations  on  THOMAS FUNKLEY, Prop.  Merchandise,  Hardware.  request.  John Wanamaker say1"* in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pull is steady. It in  creases day by day and year by year,  until it.exerts an irresistible   power."  Tbe Sun only costs SI a year,  prints all the news.  It  W. F. ROBINSON  GENERAL TRANSFER WORK  WOOD     AND     IOE  OFFICE AT PETBIEJS STORE  PHONF 64      GRAND FORKS, II. C.  P. A,  Z,  PARE,  Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street.  THE  LONDON DIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders  throughout  the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS <fe DEALERS  in each class of goods.   Besides being ft complete  commercial  guide to London and Its .  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, nnd the Ooloniiil  mid Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES        ������  Hrranged-under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  ufacturers, Merchants, etc., in"  the principal provincial towns and lndustriu!  The Sun, at $1 a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is [\m reason why  we do not have'to resort to gambling  schemos to. gain new subscribers or. to  hold those we already have.  flartinriullen  All Kinds of Dray ing  DEALER IN  Wood and Coal  OFFICE AT  The Mann DrugCo. 's Stor e  PHONE 35  RESIDENCE PHONE'* R18  of leading Manufacturers, Merolmnts.etc.iii  oipal pr<   -    ���������  ��������� -  -���������  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5. a������  Dealers seeking Agencies onn advertise  their trade cards for $5, orliirger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E,C.  Offk Pays for The  w Sun for ,an  entire year. It is the brightest  paper in the Boundary comtry  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand  Forks Sun. It  gathers and ptints  the   news  of the  city and district first:  *1  n  :!  i^iiMwawBiwjm^imi.t^MJ.uwjuaiUiaiaCTB ..THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  The following is the platform of the  "' Liberal party of   British   Columbia,  .which principles we   pledge  ourselves  to bring into.operation   when elected  to power: '    .  1���������Free Lands ���������for Settlers���������  None for Speculators, (a) We be  lieve that agricultural land should be  disposed of only on-such conditions.as  will insure its continuous use- and occupation.  (b) We will utilize as far as raot-  cable the resources of the province in  developing and making accessible  tho agricultural and other latent  wealth of the province by good'-roads  or water communication where ne'ces  sary.  (c) Free homesteads to actual settlers. Holders of pre-emptions to be  given benefit of this provision.  (d). Advances to settlers, on easy  terms to assist in clearing, dyking, irrigation and other permanent improvements.  (e) Surveys of all ��������� -accessible agricultural lands to be rapidly completed  aud survey sheets and all necessary  information to be made easily available to the public. ' .  -"'(f) Settlemeni en block .to be dis".  couraged by the removal of reserves  which scatter population and greatly  increase.the cost of roads, schools and  other nocessary facilities. -  '(g) No public lands ��������� for*the specu  lator.     "  ' 2���������Transportation (a) Co opcra-  ti >n with the Dominion .government  in securing all-rail connection betwaen-  the railway systems of Vancouver  island and the railway systems of the  mainland.  (b) The.construction of a Hne'owned  and controlled by the government to  give direct communication by the best-  route . as to-grades and distances be  tween the Similkameen and other  interior points and'the coast.  (c) The husbanding of the' provin  oial credit to assist lines that will open  up new territory.  (d) .We oppose . prouincial .credit,  and reserve being wasted in paralleling existing lines.. -  (e) Abolition of the system of giv  fng away crown lands ./for   townsites,  iree   of   taxabion: and   under ruilwuy.  control.  (f) All francises for   the   construction, operation, and ownership or leas-  'ing of government  aided, roads to be.  open to public competition.  .  (g) Thtj province to co-operate with  the Dominion in aiding highway con  struction. '  (h) The prevention of over-capitalization of railways.  (i) Aid Ui railways' not "to, exceed  what is reasonably necessar-y to secure  construction.  (j). Freight, passenger and express  rates and telegraph tolls of all gov-  ernraenfc-aided roads to be under the  Curisdictioh of the Dominion railway  commission.  (k) With a view to meeting the'  demand for" the transportation of grain  from Saskatchewan and Alberta, tli.e  immediate construction of govermrient  owned elevators.  (I) The people to'control the railways, and not' the railways the people.'  3���������Timber, (a) We condemn without reserve the wholesale disposal of  timber lands to speculators which has  been the only timber policy of the  present government.  (b) The survey,, cruising and  valuation of timber lands by   the  govern  merit" before   alienation,.and the di.s-  posalof all such lands by public competition to actual users.  (c); Improved methods of preventing timber waste, and systematized reafforestation. ' '_ 't '  (d) Hand loggers' licenses to be  granted where conditions warrant','  (e) Stability of tenure, crown dues  and ground ��������� rents to" be fixed for  definite periods.. .   . *_,  4���������Public Protection in Respect  to Coal, (a) Coal lands not to be  alienated, but leased under, conditions  to be fixed periodically by the legislature   " -      ..." , .  (b) Wherever practicable and necessary, government operation . of coal  mines to be at once undertaken with  a view to. the protection of the consuming public.  5���������Practical Education, (a) We  commend the appointment of a representative advisory -board in educational matters, such as exists in all  other provinces.  (b) The present school curriculum  is so overloaded with subjects as to  render thorough education in any  bi;anch impossible.  "(c) The increase of manual and  agricultural training -Establishment  of an efficient -system of technical  schools.  .(d) The present school system bears  unjustly on settlers in unorganized  districts and should be immediately  adjusted. '".  . (c) All political partisanship should  be eliminated from the education department.  ��������� 6���������Representation, (a) Personal  registration and regular periodical system of redistribution  (b) We   are  pledged   as a party to  equal  suffrage  of  A Clean-  gument  In your favor is good printing. It starts things off in  your favor. People read your  arguments, reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries weight.  Enterprising men use GOOD  printing because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't  already known our kind of  printing, lei us show you.  It's a certtinty that we can  save you money, too.  8  8  Phone R 74.  provide   for   the  women with.men.  7���������Taxation, (a) Exemption ��������� of  improvements on [all _lands paying  taxes to the provincial government.  : (b) A, readjustment of the system  of taxation whereby the province will  receive a fairer proportion of the unearned increment. .  (c) Immediate reform of the, present costly, cumbersome and inequitable system of collecting school taxes  in unorgdnized districts  8���������Labor���������Workmen' s Compen  satio'n Without Litigation, (a) The  creating of a provincial department  of labor and free government labor  bureaus.  ^b) A thorough   and   frequent  inspection of all  industrial   premises to  insure health, sanitation   and   safety,  (c) The  complete   prohibition    of  child labor in factories and shops  .(d) The establishment by the government of a permanent industrial insurance commission, independent of  politics."' This commission to have full  charge of a system providing positive  compensation to employees for injury  received during employment, without  recourse to litigation, and giving em  ployers the benefit of accident insurance at minimum cost.  (e) The extension of the, workmen's  compensation act to cover all hazardous employments.  (f) The payment of wages at least  fortnightly.  ���������* (g) The minimum wage, the eight-  hour day and six day, week on all  public and goverrinierit-aided_ work; *  9���������Oriental Immigration (a) We  stand for a white British Columbia  and advocate continuously increasing  stringency in immigration laws until  this result is attained, and the total  exclusion of Orientals from the prov  ince  (b) We insist on enforcing strict  sanitary regulations in congested districts.  10���������Extension of M unicipal Powers (a) Increase of local control in  municipal matters.  (b) Election of license and police  commissioners by popular vote.  - 11���������Public Ownership of Utilities. ' We adhere to the principles of  public ownership of all-public utilities, the limitation of'terms of franchises to corporations, renewing the  same if -in the - public interest on  equitable terms.       . .    .  ��������� ;12���������Local' Control of Liquor  Traffic. " (a) The complete removal  of the liquor question from party  politics.      . .  :(b) Control of the", traffic by. mu  nicipalities, or in unorganized territory, in locally elected authorities  ^(c) The adoption of a local option  law.  -(d) The regular inspection of all  liquor offered for sale.  13���������Public Accounts We insist  on providing for an absolutely independent public auditor general, appointed and controlled absolutely by  legislature.  .   14���������Fishery Control, (a) Immediate steps to restjre  the  d us try to white fishermen.  (b) The protection of British Columbia fisheries from foreign poachers  by adequate policing of Canadian  waters.  15���������Protection of Water Supply. The retention of all timber  lands on watersheds tributary to  cities, towns and municipalitiec, and  the recovering by the government of  the present alienated properties  16���������Tobrejis System of" Registration OF Titles. The present system of land registration is expensive  and cumbersome and we pledge ourselves to the adoption of the Torrens  system of titles and the reduction of  registration fees.  17���������Non Partisan Civil Service.  The organizafion of the civil service  commission for both inside and out  side service, so that *jhe appointments  will be based on fitness and not on  partisan service.  fishing in-  POlNTtO PARAGRAPHS  "e Sun Print Shop  No man ever lived long  uuderstand why  him.  enough  his neighbors  to  dislike  the minority is  we  ore   in the  We   can   see where  in   the   right���������when  minority.  Necessity is the mother of invention, but she isn't,.always proud of  her offspring  If. the average man  could only sell  the advice he gives away it would  keep him busy counting his coin.  A young man imagines during  courtship that he isn't worthy nf her,  but after jiia'rriage ha. thinks - lie discovers his mistake*.  ��������� ���������������������������>. ���������  '��������� " - "������������������  More , Victories ^ Are  Woo by SiegeTac=  tics Than' by Assaults  CApply    thiF  to business  and see what it means:  It means that continuous  and steady advertising is  more resu.tful than campaigns that come and go,  come and go with long intervals in betwaen.  For an advertiser with  goods to sell to suspend his  selling efforts now is to  .make conditions worse for  himself, and is no sign of  that courage which is supposed to possess eveiy  Canadian heart in these war  times.  <���������  The Sun affords the merchant an excellent medium  for advertising his goods. It  is read by 'everybody in  Grand Forks and the sur-  rounding country on account  of its superior news service,  and has, besides, a large outside circulation.  Win and Hold Your Position  in Business by Steadfastness in Attack  P  Th.  orks dun  !��������� ���������v,  JTHE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  \  The Congestion from a Bad Cold  Loosened Up In One Hour  Nerviline   Rubbed  On   At  ht���������-You're  Well  Next Morning  Nigh  JMerviline   Never  Fails  When that cold romes, ho*./- is it to  be cured?  This method is simplicity itself;  rub the chest and throat vigorously  ���������with "Nerviline," rub it in good and  deep; lots of rubbing can't do any  harm. Then put some Nerviline in  tho water and use it as a gargle; this j ton, Canada.  Refused to "Drown"  will ease the cough, cut out the  phlegm, assist in breaking up the  cold quickly. There is*no'telling-how  quickly Nerviline breaks up a hard  racking cough, eases a tight chest,  relieves a pleuritic pain. Why, there (  isn't any liniment, with half the power, the penetrative qualities, the honest merit' that has made Nerviline  the most popular American household liniment.  A large 50 cent bottle of Nerviline  cures ills of the whole family, and  makes tho doctor's bills small.-Get it  today. The lar������e size is- more economical -than the small 25 cent size.  Sold by-dealers everywhere, "or direct  from   The   Catarrhozono   Co.,   Kings-  Float Logs Down Coast  Great Rafts Are' Sent From Oregon to  San   Francisco  and  San   Diego  via the Pacific  Several times each year during the  shipping  season,   say:*     the   Popular  Mechanics Magazine, ocean going log  ' rafts as large as some of the greatest  intercontinental   liners     are     towed  down the Pacific -coast from the lumber camps of Oregon into the harbors  at San Francisco and San Diego.  This is the way certain lumber  interests of the northwest are solving  the problem of transportation of raw  timber, for in" contrast to a charge  amounting to $10 per thousand board  feet, which was made a few years ago  for shipment by rail, the cost by this  method is reduced to $1. It does not  only mean lower prices and an immense saving to the consumers, but it  also enables low grades of material,  which otherwise .would represent a  loss, to be placed ou the market  profitably.  In the last few years tweu'ty-nine of  these titanic log barges Jiave been successfully floated to San Diego..In no  case, so far as is known, has any  serious trouble "been experienced; and  in most cases not even a log has been  lost, despjte the fact that the average  length of"tliese rafts is about 700 feet,  the thickness approximately thirty  feet and the breadth amidships fifty  five feet. Between- 4,000,000 and 5,-  000,000 board feet of timber is con  tained  in each one.  Bulletin on Swine  The revival of the swine industry,  especially in the western provinces,  and - its increased importance in all  parts of Canada, -is responsible for  a demand for reliable literature on  the subject. To meet this demand  a new* bulletin, No.-17, "Swine Husbandry in Canada" by Mr. J. B.  Spencer has recently been published  by the live stock branch, c". ipartment  of agriculture, Ottawa. Parts of two  bulletins now out of print have been  revised and reprinted ,and in addition  Cartridges Fired  Readily After Being  Immersed   For   Many   Months  After a hard struggle with a head  wind and a mountain-high sea, which  tossed her about for many long hour's,  the good ship "Grampus"���������a schooner  out of Galveston for Tampico���������foundered off the Texas coast t.bout nine  months ago. -  The crew of the "Grampus',' made a  good fight. No real sailor will give up  his ship to Davy Jones' locker without  resisting to the limit of human endurance. Nevertheless, .the "Grampus"  had to go on the rocks. Her crew got  ashore safely, but in the hold cf the  old craft much treasure was deserted. Part of the cargo consisted of  rifle ammunition. There were metallic  cartridges made by several.American  firms and all of these cartridges went  under for a long salt water bath. The  ."Grampus" was not "a total loss, however. In Tact, it was possible only  a few weeks ago to get into her hold  and take up much of her cargo. The  ammunition, for instance, while the  wooden cases-in which it was packed  had been eaten away by worms during the nine months' soaking, was  brought into Port Aransas to be tested. The officials found that the.'Rein-  ington cartridges, only, fired readily  despite the action of the sea, and  they will be repacked for use.  Sportsmen as well as scientists are  much interested in tills demonstration  of the keeping qualities of ammunition  when  immersed  for a long period���������  The Syrup of  effltinx at*ed  ������,'*o.*-.,vS~  ���������W  Of course, "Crown Brand" is your  favorit6 Table Syrup. Of course,  you enjoy its delicious, appetizing  flavor with Bread, Pancakes and  Hot Biscuits. ���������   -  But what about "Crown Brand" in-  llic kitchen ?   Do .you use  -'"    EDWARDSBURG  the   bulletin-  contains   the  successful  swine raisers in various parts of Can- nine full months, to he exact  ada. Much that is new in housing  swine is given, and the diseases, hog  cholera and tuberculosis arc fully  dealt witli by officers of the Dominion  Veterinary department. Regulations  relating to hog cholera and swine  plague are also printed in the bulletin. Copies may be had free on application to the Publication Branch,  Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  :om"  Kidney Disease  'I  forjjingerbread, Cookies, Cakes, Pies aii'd Sweet  Sauces for all kinds of Puddings ? . > V  Do you always use it for Candy-makingl  Try it in' all these ways.    You'll find "Crown  Brand" Corn Syrup handy, convenient, economical, dependable, good.   '  "L,J.IA7 WHITE"-.is just what its name implies���������a clear  corn syrup���������more del'icatein flavor than "Crown Brand",  that is equally good for the-table and for candy-making.  ^^���������jjs&jM.-f'-K ASK YOUR GROCER-IN 2, 5, 10 AND 20 POUND TINS.  \������sr*-The Canada Starcii Co. Limited,       .   Montreal;  Pat and Mike were watching some  bricklayers at work one day and Pat  asked:  "Say, Mike, .what ��������� is it that holds  the bricks together?"  "Sure," said Mike, "that's, aisy. It's  the mortar."  "Divil a bit of it," said Pat. "That  keeps them apart."  Corns  Instant  Relief  JJrOP Paint    on     Putnam's  ' Extractor tonight, and  ��������� fllf* corns feel better in the  Vf 111/ morning. Magical the  way "Putnam's" eases the pain, destroys the roots, kills a corn for all  time. No pain. Cure guaranteed. Get  a 25c bottle of Putnam's Extractor io-  day.  Tumors, Lupus cured without Itnlfe or I  r pain. All work guaranteed. fJn"-EK*Eooi! I  'CI.     ���������������,..��������� nR- WILLIAMS. Speciitiot on  Cancer! I  1       Z905 University Ave. S. L. Minneapolis. Minn.  THE NEW FRENCH REM EDY.'Nol. H.2. HA  THERAPa-QN %$&&  great success, cures chronic weakness, lost, vigo*  ft VIM. KIDNEY, BLADDER,'DISCASh'S." BLOOD POISON.  ULES. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CTS  FOUGERACO. 90. BF.EKMAN ST. NEW \ORK or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO. .WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLEKC  MED.CO.IlAVERSTOCKRD.IiAMPSrKAD. LONDON. EMO.  TRY NEW DRAGEEITASTELKSS) FOHMOF    EASY TO TAUS  ���������THERAPiOW East.nodc0R������.  fEE THAT TRADE MARKED WOP.D 'THERAHON' IS 0)1  BJUT.GOVT.8TAUP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKST3.  Chsldren Teething  BA3Y IS VERY COMFORTABLE AND  LAUGHS DURING THE TEETHING  PERIOD.   THANKS TO  Mrs. Winslows  Soothing Syrup  PURELY VEGETABLE���������WOT NARCOTIC  E  "I find it so hard to Economise, but I must do so for a  while."  "Why not do your own  washing? It isn't hard if an  EDDY Washboard is part of  your Equipment. I have a  "Household Globe," it's a  Wonder-Worker ��������� Loosens  the Dirt so Easily���������and I never  Tear the Clothes."  Like Nearly Every Trouble  Afflicting* Mankind Indigestion is Due to Poor  .    Blood  Almost everybody experiences times  when the    organs    of digestion show  painful  signs    of    weakness. - Some  slight disturbance of the health starts  the trouble; then the patient takes a  dislike to food and dull, heavy pain's  in the abdomen give warning that the  stomach is unable    to   do its proper  work. ��������� Sometimes a false craving for  food  arises;   if  this   is  satisfied   tho  result   is   additional     torture���������flatulence, a drowsy depression, sick hea.1-  ache and  nausea are  common  signs  of indigestion.    The' foolish pv.tetice  of  taking  drastic,   weakening purgatives'at such, times should be avoided.    Indigestion arises from stomach  weakness and the only effectual method of curing the trouble is to strengthen the feeble organs of digestion by  supplying   them   with   richer,   purer  blood.    This-is  the true  tonic treatment, by  which natural method, Dr.  Williams'  Pink Pills,  achieve    great  results.    These  pills  make the  rich,  red  blood  needed  to  strengtho'i  the  stomach, thus imparting a healihy appetite   and   curing    indigestion    and  other stomach disorders.    Air.   Thos.  Johnson,  Hemford,  N.S.,  says:   ���������'For  live years I was a great sufferer from  indigestion which wrecked me physically.,   I-suffered"-so  much .than  for  days-at a time I could not attend to  my business.   I had smothering spells,  so  bad  at  times  that  I .was ��������� afraid  to .-lie  down.    I   doctored  aiid  tried  medicines but wjth no benefit.   1 saw  Dr.   Williams'   Pink   Pills" advertised  to cure the trouble and decided to try  them.    I had  not been  taking them  long before I found that I had at last  hit upon the right medicine. The improvement in my health was constant,  and  after I had  used  ten or twelve  boxes I could eat and digest all kinds  of food,  and I  felt physically better  than I  had  done for  years.    I shall  never csase to  praise Dr.  William:?'  Pink   Pills   for   they   proved   a   real  blessing to me."  You can get these pills from any  dealer in medicine or by mail at 50  cents a box or six boxes for S2.5C  from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  Doctored In Vain Until Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver   Pills   Were   Used  Kidney derangements are oTten associated with disorders of the liver  and bowels, and under these conditions ordinary kidney, medicines usually fail to elfect cure". It is because  of their unique, combined action'on  the liver, kidneys and bowelsAhat Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills are so  generally'.successful, even in the  most complicated cases.  Mr. Emmanuel Bernard, farmer, St.  Paul's, Kent county, N.B., writes: ���������  "About eighteen years ago my wife  was bad with kidney disease, and suffered greatly from headaches, pains  in bowels and stomach, and her heart  was affected. For a "year she was  treated by her doctor, with no apparent benefit. She then used live boxes  of Dr. Chase's . Kidney-Liver -Pills  with most satisfactory results. . This  gave us such a good opinion of Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills that we always keep them in the house to" be  used for all derangements of the kidneys, liver and bowels." Dr. Chase's  Kidney-Liver Pills, 25c a box, 5 for  $1.00, all dealers,* or Edmanson, Bates  & Co., Limited, Toronto.  WHO WILL PAY OFF THAT MORTGAGE  Should You Die Suddenly?  Keep the Roof over the Children's-Head by a Policy ia  THE EXCELSIOR LIFE ISURANCE CO.  OFFICES:    Winnipeg, Edmonton, Saskatoon, Vancouver,  Calgary,    Regina.      Agenis    Wanted.  Whit Training Will Do  A traveller visiting a large factory  made a bet with the manager that he  would pick out rll the married men  among the employees. Accordingly,- he  stationed himself at the door as they  came back from dinner, and mentioned all those whom he believed to be  married, and in almost evevy case he  was right.  "How do you do it?" asked the  manager in amazement.  "Oh, it's quite simple," said the traveller, "quite simple. The married  men all wipe their feet on the mat;  the single men don't."  Brncc's Peerless  Collection Tall  Nasturtiums,  1 pkt: cacliof (J finest varieties, separate colors, for. 25c.  Brncc's Enyai Noscsray Collection Sweet Peas,  1 pkt. each G superb sorts, separate colors, for 25c.  Bruce's Peerless Collection Dwarf Naoturtiums, 1 pkt. each of 6 finest  sorts, separate colors, for 25c.  "Bruce's Empire Collection Asters, 1 pkt. each of 4 magnificent varieties,  separate, all colors, for 25.C  Bruce's "A" Vegetable Collection, 0 pkts. different varieties, our" selection', for 25c. .     *  Bruce's "B" Vegetable Collection, 12 pkts. different varieties, our selection, for 50c.  Bruce's "C" Veurerable.Collectinn, 11 pkts. different varieties nnd tf-lb.  each, Beans, Corn and Peas, our sel -;tion, for 7So.  8- RE-E- ;OurhanilsorneIyIHuitr.iteil IIC-pacn catalogue of Vfsretablo, Farm ami lloirerSaeili,  ���������   a������b.a~      Plants, Utilbs, Poultry (SupiJIea, Garden Implement", fti\. for 1015.   Seuil for It  tario  five years.  John A. Bruce & Co., Ltd. StSiU^,^  Germs   Centuries   Ago  The germ theory of the    transmission   of  contagious   disease-was   entertained as far back as 1657,   when  the plague  ravaged Rome.  Minard's   Linimei.t   for  sale   everywhere.  Miller's "Worm Powders are par excellence the medicine for children  who" are found suffering from the  ravages"of worms,' They immediately  alter the stomachic conditions under  which the .worms subsist and drive  them from the system, and at .the  same time, they are tonical in their  effect upon the digestive organs, restoring them to healthful operation  and ensuring immunity from further  disorders from such a cause.   -\  WOUR  As a result of the war the Cnrtiss  aeroplane manufacturers have decided to establish a factory in Canada.  Notice is given in ihe Canadan' Gazette of the incorporation of the Cift*-  tiss Aeroplanes and Motor Company  with headquarters in Toronto and capitalization of $50,000.  SOUND le.ts pull tig loads. Xo liors; with a Spavin. Splint, Curb, Ringbone,  Eony Growth or "sprain, can do itself justice. Thousands of horsemen have  been keeping their horses sound by using Kendall's Spavin Cure���������the old  reliable, safe remedy. "Mr. I'diuund 15. Harrison, Ingol.dsby, Ont., writes���������"I have  cured two spavins with your Spavin Cure and am at present using it on a lame  horse.   The swelling is disappearing���������also that lameness."  ,'S SPAV1  acts ouickly, leaves no scars or blemishes, and costs little. $t. bottle���������  6 for'Js. Get our valuable book���������"Treatise ou the horse"���������free at your  druggist or write us       _ ', 99  ENOSBURG FALLS, VERMONT, U.S.A.  sl\  -It was the husband's afternoon" off,  and he" thought he, would take the  children for a.little outing.  "My dear," he said to his wife, "suppose we take the children to the Zoo  today."  "Why, dear, you promised to Uko  them to mother's."  "All right, if it's all the same to the  children."  W. N. U. 1044  When Asthma Comes do not despair. Turn at onco to the help effective���������Dr. J. D. Kellogg's Asthma  Remedy. This wonderful remedy will"  give you the aid you need so sorely.  Choking ceases, breathing becomes  natural and without effort. Others,  thousands of them, have suffered as  you suffer but have wisely turned to  this famous remedy and ceased to  suffer.   Get a package this very day.  '������������������\ii.WU  Thus  He  Served Two  Masters  At    the   fashionable    Metropolitan  club in Washington they tell the fol  lowing story at the expense of Count   i*0'iy:   "Cheer  up,  I-]  Berr.storff,  the  German Ambassador, i is yet to come."  Noticing   that  Harry   was   a   trifle  downcast when the dinner was about  hsi-lf��������� ever,  his young wife  exclaimed  Harry,  the  worst  Her husband glanced up quickly,  and with a despairing glance ini'iih-  ed: "What!    have you made a pie?"  "I am convinced" said Mrs. Twick  em bury, "that wc should save large  ly  on   dentists'    bills   if we  should I  buy each of the children one cf those!  new pyrotechnic tooth brushes." '  Don't waste time on inferior salves because they're u  few cents cheaper.  I have proved Zam-Buk  best for Eczema, Piles, Skin  Diseases, and Injuries.  As a mother, you owe It  to your family to use the  best, that's Zam-Buk I  50c 6ox, All DruggliU and Slow.  ^^^Sf^^^ff  Minard's  Etc.  Liniment    Cures    Burns,  Binx���������What kind of a . reputation  has 'Tones got?  Jinx���������So good that he can wear  cuff buttons with other people's initials and get away with it.  An Italian, with a hand organ,  stopped in front of the German embassy and began playing the 'Marseillaise' The Italian played the air,  once, twice and was in the middle of  the third round, when Count Bern-  storff called a flunky, gave him* a  dollar, and tokl him to give it to the  organ grinder, and tell him to* go to  the French embassy and play the  "Wacht am Rhein."  The flur.key - went out to the  organ grinder ��������� nd exhorted him to  stop playing and offered the dollar.  Tlie Italian told him he would take  the dollar and sto:*j playing after he  had   played   the   "Marsei'lnlsc"   once  more.   He said that he had (0 do this I  -���������   as  II. Jusserand  had given  him  two      Why is a small loy like you smok-  dollars to ph.y it five times in front! inS a great big stogie?  ol\ the German embassy! Oh,  I'm  just   learning    the   ropes,  ��������� ���������'��������� i mum. r  Minard's  ralgia. , ^^^  i  i ^a^m'^b, Granulated Eyelids,  ....An Irish girl called at Mrs. Green's  to get the place oil c.)ok.  "Are you a plain cook?* inquired  Mrs. Green.  "Well, mum," raplied (ho ������trl, "vcz  may t'ink so, but Officer iUtillignn war  al'ther tellin' me thot nu pyes wor  loike the Lakes av Killnnu* *."'  Thousands of mothers can testify  to the virtue of Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator, because they, know  from  experience  how  useful  it  is. "������������������  liycs inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dust and Wind  S quickly relieved by Marino  Eye Remedy. No Smarting  .r . n . . i"st Eye Comfort." At  Your Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eva  SaIveinTubea2Sc. FoiBookoflneEyeFrceask  Druggists 01 Murine Eye Remedy Co., Ch!ca$*  mmsmmmtsamm  mmmimmmsmmammmmmmmmmmmmmmsmsm  mmmmmm ).  THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,    B.C.  A   I  ."*   i /  ? x y  ACCUMULATION OF GOLD  LARGEST IN HISTORY,  Mi  Lloyd George Explains how the Allied  Powers have made  Arrangements to help one Another in the most Expensive  War that has ever been Waged  In a statement explanatory of.the  'arrangement made at the conference  between tho finance ministers of  France and Russia, and himself in  Paris the Rt. Hon. David Lloyd  George told the house of commons  that the expenditures of the allies on  the war would be two billion pounds  sterling ($10,000,000,000) during the  current year, of which Great Britain  was spending more money than were  fcertwb allies.  , The present war, Mr. Lloyd Geoige  isaid, was the most expensive in material,'men and money, that had-ever  been waged.  Great Britain, the chancellor of  the exchequer told the house of com-  , moss, coul'l finance the war for.five  years out- of the proceeds of her  Investments abroad. France was  eble to do so for about two or three  years with something to tpare. Russian, he said, although prodigiously  rich   in   natural resources,   was in a  Right   Hon.   D.   Lloyd   George  different position. Mr. Lloyd George  said it was decided at the conference  of the finance ministers in Paris not  to. issue a joint loan.  ���������The chancellor said thf.t Russia  had increased her productivity from  20 to 40 per cent, by surpassing the  sale of vodka. Russi-, had had special  difficulties in financing her purchases  abroad,  and the same thing had applied to France.  "I am not sure we realize the strain  upon this gallant country," the chancellor of ttic exchequer continued.  "She has.had a larger porportion of  her men in tho field and the enenry  in occupation of tho richest part of  her territory. Nevertheless, the confidence of the French nation strikes  every visitor to Paris. There is to be  seen a calm and sincere courage -supposed to be incompatible, with the  tempermenrof the Celt, and one  hears the general assurance that the  German army* has an much chance of  crushing France as of overrunning'  Mars."  "Each ally must bring -its resources into the common stock," Mr.  Lloyd George continued. "War cannot . be marie under limited liability  principles. The conferenc ��������� dismissed the idea of a joint international  loan, which would have frightened  every Bourse, and iz ha:, been-decided that each*** country should raise  tho money it-needed within its own  territories, so far as conditions allowed. But if help were, needed for  purchases abroad those who had  means "would help to the best of their  power. .The only joint loan would be  with respect to' the advances made  or to be made to the -smaller of the  allied states.  With regard to Russian purchases,  the chancellor -.aid it had been decided that the first ������50,000,000  for this purpot..1 should be raised in  equal amounts on tLe Paris and Lon-'  don'..markets'.-:-'-.Russian treasury bills  to the; amount.of ������10,000,000 'issued  in London in the last few-days had  been "oversubscribed.  .. Mr. "Lloyd. George said there was a  satisfactory amount of gold in London. :"If; however, our gold reserves  fall below a certai**. point���������a pretty  high point���������the ;banks of France and  Russia wilL come to our assistance,"  he remarked. 7 He mentioned incidentally that the allies would have to see  that Belgium did not suffer'when the]  period of restoration and compensation came.     "��������� e  The chancellor laid emphasis on  the fact that the allies "must be, prepared to' contribute proportionately'  to the loans needed * by the states  prepared to join them later as  well as the smaller states now fight-  with the allies. Great Britain, he  said, had advanceu ������32,000,000 for  Russian purchases in Great Britain  and elsewhere and Russia had a credit  of ������40,000,000 , in London. France  also had made advances to Russia for  other similar purchases outside.. of  the Russian empire.  After, alluding to the fact that the  accumulation of gold in Great Britain  was the largest in the history of the  country, Lloyd Georga added that  France and Russia also had accumulated great reserves, which, had been  barely touched during the war. Arrangements had be-n made regarding  purchases by th allied countries in  neutral markets whereby competition  was eliminated, efficiency, was 'promoted-and .delays were-prevented.-.  The Russian  Moral-Triumph  Now Shining Before the World United  in Two Noble Determinations  A note to the Russian budget bill  furnishes a remarkable illustration of  the social and economic advantages  which sobriety���������even compulsory sobriety���������brings to a community.  '- In referring to the effect of the war  on industry, the finance minister says  that except in districts directly affected by the war there has been no sensible "diminution In .the industrial output. The reason given is the increased  productivity of the worker owing to  the suppression of the sale of alcohol.  "This increased productivity has  reached-from thirty to fifty per cent,  and compensates largely for the diminution'in thenumber of workers due  to the call to tho colors."  Assuming that Russian human nature does not differ -materially from  our own���������and judging by Mr. Stuart  Deacon's remark that his mornings  work in the police court of a city  where the selling of drink-is practically unrestricted .was a nightmare  because of the number of cases having  their origin in excessive drinking���������  this increased industrial activity in  Russia is certain to .be accompanied  by a decrease in crime, accident,- disease and mental weakness.  Russia never did a braver thing or  achieved a finer triumph than .when  she abolished the state sale of*alcohol.  By one word tho Czar, who has always been a firm and* earnest advocate of temperance, decreed ' that  never more should the unrestricted  sale of strong drink take' place in his  vast empire..  With the boldness of a righteous  cause the Czar swept away at a stroke  a state income of some .������80,000,000 a  year, and, of course, the chancellor" of  the exchequer had to find this elsewhere. He did so by increasing al-.  most all taxes, from land and houses  to matches and cigarette papers, "and  on the liquors sold .under comprehensive restrictions from three to six  times the former duties'" have been  imposed.  Vodka selling price has bnen raised.-.  to 15s. a gallon, as, against about 6s.  3d.; and the malt excise from 3s. to  7d. a pood to 19s. By means of these  increases a great portion of the deficit is wiped out, some little margin  being left for the economic gains that  always, follow when drink money is  spent on better things.  Whatever Russia may have bean in  the past, she is now shining before  the world .united in two noble-determinations. She has set out to help  her allies in freeing the world from  the- evil domination of .the -horrible  German ideal���������a. cause which the  Greek minister in London, in his remarkable declaration of friendship' fcr  England, described as just and good  for the whole world���������and she is ensuring for her own people a sobriety  which, as well the Czar knows, can  lead only to the attainment of that  democratic freedom wl*Jch can be  kept back no longer when a drinking  people become a thinking people.���������  Liverpool Post.  DESIRE HAS  BEEN CHERISHED  FOR MANY YEARS  Dr.  Eliot,   of  Harvard  University,  says   that Germany has had  ���������   Ambitions to become a World Power since 1870, and has  Ever since been Working to this End  Germans Take Ether  Value of War Dogs  prove    of    Great  Service  to.   French  Army as Messengers  '"'.*���������  Dogs are doing an immense service  with the French army as messengers,  writes a war correspondent.  When- war broke out there was  not a single dog messenger in the  French army, though the Paris police had used them to advantage  But after the Germans invaded  France and numerous villages were  devastated thousands of dogs found  themselves homeless. Many were  picked ��������� i:p as company mascots by  soldiers. *  In their spare time the men  amused themselves by teaching the  dogs to carry knapsacks, canteens  and finally messages from one  trench to another. The dogs not  only had an absolute disregard for  gun and rifle fire, but offered an insignificant target. Then the commanders awoke to their value.  Hundreds were "educated" by a  special army branch, the Institute of  Zoological Psychology. Tlie work  now being done by these dogs is little short of marvelo . They have  been taught to hid3 behind trees upon  the approach of human beings. They  know the difference between a  French and German uniform. They  glide noiselessly through underbrush and in carrying messages always-choose woods, ditches and dry  creek beds. Their hearing is remarkably developed, and it is seldom that  they fall into the hands of tbe  enemy.    Most of ti.em are Airedales.  Naval Losses  at  Captain Pcrsius, the German naval  expert, cannot justify Germayn's  ''war zone'' manifesto by asserting  that Great Britain had already ��������� furnished a precedent by declaring the  North Sea a war zone. Great Britain  did not engage in "submarine warfare" such ai; Aclr.iral von TirpUz  proclaimed. Moreover, the British  admiralty has always given every assistance in i';s power to neutral shipping in the North Sea, going so far as  to furnish pilots to every vessel needing guidance to avoid mined sections.  ���������New York Sun.  Germany's ������������������ Comparative Losses  Sea Far Outnumber That of  Britain  One aspect of Germany's naval  losses has been quite overlooked���������the  serious decrease in personnel which  they have entailed. Taking the official figures of the complements of the  33 units of the German navy which  have been sunk during '' e war .-.nd  deducting those known to have betn  saved, at least 11,000- officers and men  have lots their lives. As the total  effective strength of the personnel of  the German navy before the war  broke out was Jess than S0,000, the  death roll already amounts to about  one-seventh of the whole. Our own  naval death "roll is roughly 5,000, or  only one-thirtieth of the total p'er-  sonnel at the declaration of Avar. The  calling up of reserves and new enlistments have increase-1 both totals, but  the alteration in the proportion makes  the comparison still more favorable to  the British navy. All Germany's losses  have been due to the fortune of war,  while our biggest loss���������that of the  Bulwark���������was the result of an accident which might have happened in  peace times. And, in addition, we  have accounted for eight German  armed merchantmen with a total tonnage of 80,000, whereas (including  the Viknor, vhosf- loss was presumed  bv the admiralty) only two British  armed merchantmc:. have been sunk.  The crews of. these merchantmen and  of the interned German merchantmen  and the cruisers Konigsborg and  Geier have not been included in the  foregoing comparison of losses in  naval personnel.���������Pall Mall Gazette.  A Cairo dispatch says: "The captain of the United States warship  Tennessee engaged in carrying refugees, reports that when he was at  Haifa recently, the authorities would  not lot him land,..as a great popular  festival was in progress to celebrate  the crossing of the Suez canal by the  Turkish troops. The principle of the  festival was the beating through the  streets of a cow* representing Russia;  a donkey, representing France, and a  dog, representing England.  French, in Turn, Take the Germans  Who  Fall   Asleep  A wounded French officer, who has  just rejoined his regiment in the Ar-  gonne district after threa months' absence, writes that .he-is struck by the  excellent spirit of the troops 'despite  their fearful hardships in a difficult  country where some of the hardest  fighting of the war has been accompanied by ^ an unusually high death  rate. Officers and man are convinced of their eventual mastery over  the Germans, whoso i.ttacks," they say,  are pushed home only when the soldiers .have Veen stupified wich a mixture** of ether and alcohol, which  sometimes causes.them to fall asleep  immediately after they have taken a  trench, so that "our men returning  butcher them like sheep."   Tho writer was further impressed  by the organization of the service for  transferring munitions, food and the  wounded. In the French rear, where  the roads were formerly execrable,  they are now mended daily and  cleaned by mechanical sweepers.  Infuriated by the capture of his  father a fisherman, whoso trawler had  been sunk in the North Sea by Germans, Private Croft, a Grimsby man  with the Lincoln regiment, is exacting  revenge. -  A comrade invalided home says  every time the Lincolns go into action  Croft says, "Now to avenge tnc old  man." After one bayonet charge  Croft turned to his comrades, grimly  saying,  "I've  prodCed   two   for pa."  In the January issue of the Fra appears the notable contribution to the  literature of tho war by Dr. Charles  W. Eliot, president emeritus of Harvard University. Dr. Eliot brushes  aside the incidents of the murder of  the Austrian Archduke and tlie friction between Scrvi: and Austria and  Austria and Russia and asserts that  the prime source of the present immense disaster is the desire on tho-  part- of. Germany for world-empire.  This desire, he says, has been cherished .at different times by one European nation after another, aud none  that has once adopted t has ever  completely eradicated it. Prussia long-  held this ambition, but was unable to  gratify it until 1870, because the German . people had been divided since  the Thirty Years' War into a large  number of eparale, more or less independent states. Shortly before*'the  achievement of German unity by Bismarck she had obtained by war in  1S64 and 1866 important accessions  to territory.  This contributed . to the delusion  that was soon toseize the whole German people, namely, ��������� the belief that  world-empire was only to be obtained  by force of arms. . Therefore, says Dr.  Eliot, united Germany ��������� has labored  with utmost intelligen.ee and energy  to prepare" the most powerful army  in the world and to equip it for instant action in the most perfect manner that science and eager invention  could contrive. To develop the supreme military machine, universal  conscription���������an outgrowt.i of the  conception of the citizens' army during the Revolution���������was necessary;  so that every young man in Germany  physically competent to ��������� bear arms  might receive the training of a soldier,' whether he wished it or not, and  remain at the call of the'government  for military duty during all his years  of competency even if lu were the  only son of a widow, or si widower  with little children, or the sole support of a family or" other dependants.  Eventually the German army was  made, the largest, according ta population in the world, and the irost efficient. It was placed absolutely at  the disposal of the - Kaiser, whose  mere word would march it at a day's  notice to' any frontier without; any  sanction from the Reichstag or any  other supposed representative of public opinion. At the opening of 3 914,  the Germa.-i general staff was of opinion that the German" -army was the  best and most powerful in the world,  and that if would do its share-toward bringing- true the German ambition    toward    world-empire.   In    the  view of Dr. Eliot, the German' navy  was not ready, and knew that it was  not ready, to throw down the gauntlet  to Britain. It needed a few years  more before it could accomplish on  the sea what was confidently expected of the army on land. Therefore  six months ago Germany egged Austria on in the belief that Britain  would not go to war. I-lcr army sho  considered to be, with the assistance  of the Austrian army, more than a  match for the land forces of France  and Russia, and her navy was strong  enough to ��������� cope with those of the  Double Entente. Britain's' entry into  the war was something she had never  calculated upon.       ���������'        - ������������������  Dr. Eliot continues to expound the  German religion of valor, and to show  how it is a contradiction of. the religion of Jesus of Nazareth. .He then  discusses the German contention that  the present war is waged as a "defence  against Runs'a. He says: "Germany  has"never dreaded or even respected  the military strength of Russia, and  the recent wars and threatenings of  war by Germany have not been .directed against Russia, but against  Denmark,. Austria, France -..rid England. In her colonization enterprises  it is not Russia * that Germany has  encountered but, England, France and  the United States. The friendly advances made within the last twenty  years by Germany to Turkey were not  intended primarily to strengthen Germany against Russia, but Germany  against Great Britain by Germany's  access by land to India."  Dr. Eliot ������says that the desirable  outcomes of the war are: "No world-  empire for any race or nation, no  more subjects, ;io more executives,  either permanent cr temporary, with  power to throw their fellow-countrymen into war, no secret diplomacy  justifying the use for a profit of all  the lies, concealments, deceptions and  ambuscades which are an inevitable  part of war and assuming to commit  nations on international questions,  and no more conscription armies that  can be launched in war by executives  without consulting independent representative assemblies. He -believes-  with HaveljcIc Ellis and other rioted  public man that some sort of federated Europe or league of the freer nations which would secure the smaller  nations against attack should be one  of the outcomes of the war. He admits that at the present time it is impossible to say how such a consummation is to be brought about, but, if  it is not accomplished or something  that will serve the same purpose, the  war will have been fought in vain.  Mittens Did Good Service  Story That Many Another Might Probably   Equally Tell  The tale of a pair of mitten knitted  by a pair if small \ut eager hands is  told in a letter received at Ottawa  from the battlefield in France. The  mittens were knitted by Elaine For-  cade a little French-Canadian "girl in  Montreal who sent them on to-  Major-General Sam Hughes with the  request that they be sent, to some one  who needed them in the trenches at  the front. The address of the maker  was however not given.  General Hughes gavs the mittens to  Captain Dumont, who in* turn sent  them.to General Legranne of the  French army. A letter received by  General Hughes states that the mit-  itens were given to a French soldier,  and that they have probably saved his  hands on many occasions from the  cold and snow of the trenches. It is  hard to say through what adventures  and scenes of horror the mittens  made by the little French-Canadian  girl have passed.  Charms on Soldiers  A Petrograd despatch to Router's  says that at an important conference  attended by the minister of agriculture it was resolved to recommend  the requisition of all stored cereals  amounting to 50,000,000 poods (1,108,-  500,000 pounds), now in the hands of  speculators. Prices, according to the  resolution, would be fixed locally after  a consultation between the Bourse  committee and the Zemslvost.  Strange  "Protection"   Found   on   Captured Germans  "Eye-Witness," in a despatch from  the front, has something to say about  the amulets and charms a number of  German prisoners" possess. He remarks it is somewhat surprising to  find reliance being placed on such  things. The writer, among other  things, describes the sporting interest  of the artillery combat and daring  flights by our airmen in a wind blowing at ninety miles an hour. Tho  despatch, which is dated January 19,  deals in opening principally with artillery bombardments, in which the  batteries cf the ui'em;- were generally  reduced to silence.  In a sceptical and materialistic age  like, the present it is somewhat surprising to find reliance being placed  on charmsi-and yet not "a few of our  prisoners are in possession of so-called "prayers," which are really written  charms against death, wounds, disease, and every imaginable evil. One  such document recently found on a  prisoner begins thus: >  "A powerful prayer, whereby one 13  protected and guarded against shot  and sword, against visible and invisible foes, as well as against all manner of evil. .May God preserve me  against all manner of arms and weapons, shot and cannon, long or short  swords, i.-.lves, or daggers, or car-  bites, halberds, and anything that  cuts or points, against thrusts, rapiers, long and short rifles, or guns and  suchlike, which havo been forged  since the birth of Christ; against all  "rinds of metal, be It iron or steel,  brass or lead, ore cr wood."  Many of Them Wept at the Kindness   inably treated.    The British prisoners  Shown Them in Rotterdam ! thought this was the reason for their  ���������     ,       ...      ,, ���������    ,    . d ���������*,���������,. ! rough    treatment    in    the    German  In describing the arrival at^ Rottei-1 c*ru    0nc  non-commissioned  offic-  dam of 103 British who had been incapacitated and are en their way  home from German camps, the correspondent of th,. Daily Mail says:  "The soldiers were welcomed by  the Dutch officials and the Dutch  civilians cheered them and loaded  them with gifts of pipes, tobacco,  cigars, chocolates and other luxuries,  all of which were wrapped in the  Dutch colors. Many of the soldiers  wept at the kindnesses shown them.  All were severely wounded, and the  injuries of many were terrible. Many  of the men were or crutches.  "All of the prisoners were most  anxious to know how tbe many German prisoners were treated in England, as their guard:* had told them  that the prisoners    had been abom-  mp:  er said:  "'We were treated all right at the  hospital, especially by the i.urses,  but the follows in the concentration  camp had an awful time, for on the  slightest complaint they were kicked,  ���������while for a serious breach of discipline they were tied to a post for  hours. The food, which was chiefly  beans, was of poor finality and small  in quantity. The clothes were rags.  When the men protested that they  were starving they werj told: "Your  friends in England have cut off your  food  supply.'  '���������Tills man  confirmed  the previous  reports    that    the  French  prisoner*}  were treated in    the    most friendly  manner,  in alriking  contrast to  the  ! treatment of  the British  prisoners."  A United Canada  Canada is :. unit in this war. Tho  thousands of Canadian soldiers who  are now on the battlefield, and the  thousands who arc preparing to follow  them, are not Reformers or Conservatives. They arc simply Canadians,  who have answered the empire's call  to fight a common foe. A united old  country and united dominions across  tho seas, is the sort of thing that's  going to see this Avar through in a  hurry.���������Gnelph Mercury.  School, Examiner���������What is tho  meaning of false doctrine?"  Schoolboy���������Please, sir, It's when  the doctor gives the wrong stuff to  the people who are ill."  Barman���������Strikes me there's one o'  these bloom in' German spies In tho  smokeroom, sir. 'E's bragging about  bcin' a Scotchman, and the whisky  I took 'im in a quarter of an hour  ago,  'e ain't even touched yot!'' THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  NEWS OF IHE CITY  F. H. Cunningham, Dominion inspector   of   fisheries in British Columbia, arrived in the city on Mon������  -day last to investigate  the proposal  of the local Fish and   Game Protec-  *  tive association of putting in a  screen across Christina creek to prevent the bass in Christina lake from  -escaping to the river. On Tuesday  afternoon the members of the game  association tendered Mr. Cunningham an auto trip to the lake. Half  a dozen cars and three or four that  number of citizens participated in.  the outing The entertainment ended with a bass dinner at the Chris-  "tTna Lake hotel, the party returning  to   the  city -about 10 o'clock in the  on - Monday   from ��������� an   auto trip to  8���������okane, where they were joined by j  Harold Mclnnes, who   was   on   hit-  way home from   attending   college  at Vancouver.  Col. Glossop, of Rock Creek, "visited his ranch at Christina lake last  week: ��������� He was accompanied by TV  Harman, of Midway, who has leased  the uanch and who will shortly take  up his residence at the lake.  evening.  H. A. Leroy will open a new grocery store about the 6th of May in  the building recently occupied by  McKim & Leroy on First street.  An enjoyable conceit or "sitig-  song,'* was given at the camp of the  Sharpshooteis on Wednesday even  ing. A splendid musical, program,-  iu patriotic songs predominated, was  rendered by members of the company and "civilian local talent. A  large crowd of people iroiu the city  attended the concert.  At the meeting of the board of  trade on Monday night the secretary  was instructed to write to J. C.  lieadey, provincial - instructor in  crops aud soils, for information regarding sugar beet culture.  Capt. Kirk, of the Sharpshooters,  on Tuesday received a cablegram  from Sergt. Coyv saying that the  30th battalion was' ��������� leaving Shorn-  cliffe, England, for France immediately.  The new siungle mill at the head  of Christina lake has * been completed, and will commence operations in a vvtetc or two.  ^art**"  A Home for the Summer  It will not cost you much  ���������more to be really comfortable  for the summer vacation than  to "rough it" in a tent.  A small Wanf Ad. in our  classified columns will bring  you replies from people who  have desirable places to rent.  English. 3-Sgeed Gear. ~ and  the High-Grade Cleveland  Wheels  ,1 have opened a hicyclos store next the Grand  .Forks Garage, and keep these celebrated wheels*  in stock. ,  The Great Northern Hail way com  pany resumed its daily passenger  service between this city and Phoenix last Monday. The train leaves  Phoenix at 9 o'clock in the morn  ing, and returning leaves this city  at 3:15 p m., arriving in Phoenix at  5.10 p.m.  Tbe'���������Phoenix club bnilding at  Christina lake has again been burglarized, the thieves making away  with a good haul. Constable Wil  liatrts, of this city, went down to the  lake to investigate the case.  Farmers* Institute  The next regular, meeting of   the  Farmers' will be held iu   the   board  of trade rooms on Wednesday evening, May 5, at 7:30 p.m.    A full at  telTdance is requested.  All members Intending to join the  crop competitions will kindly enter  their names by that date with the  secretary, Walter E   Haddeti. .  AGENTS   WANTED  RIDliKS   WANTUT) ><s nKPnts for our  ���������. riitlf biciyi'les.   Wri'e for .low   riri  r  higli  ...  . .. rices to  THOS. PLIMLEY'S   CYCLE    WORKS,   VICTORIA, B.O.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKH   ynui'* repairs   to   Armson.  sbo*>   repairer.    Tho   Hub.    Look   for.the   Bii������  Hoot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HTGHliSTCASH PRICES raid for old Stove-  mid    I'migus.    ���������li. C. Pecklmni,   secondhand Store.  WATER   NOTICE  Bicycle Accessories.     Repairing   a  Specialty"  J. R. Mooyboef  First and  Main   Sts.,  Grand  Forks, "B. C.  F. M. Sylvester, general manager  of the Granby smelter, returned to  the city on Monday from Vancouver.  Mr. and Mrs  N. L. Mclnnes and  Mr.   and Mrs. H. C. Niles  returned  Postal Laws of Canada  Under the post office act, sections  Go  and   66, the postmaster general  has the exclusive privilege of receiving, collecting,-conveying and delivering letters within Canada.  Bills and account", whether in  open or���������sea]ed envelopes, as.wnll as  circulars or* other printed matter'  enclosed in envelopes sealed"or ready  to be sealed, are "letters within the  meaning of the post office act.  There is a  penalty  under section  136 of the post office act which may  amount   to   S20 lor each letter un  lawfully curried  It has been brought to the attention of the post office department  that some business firms desiring to  avoid paying the war tax which became effective on April 15, propose  making   arrangements   for   the de  NEW   HARNESS . SHOP  I have re-opened a harness, shop  at my  old  stand on Bridge street, and will manufacture  New narness harness repairing. A11  work guaranteed.  Your patronage is solicited.  ^C  fe'*FLC7*nY?  ) >>,  or. lbs  R.".;;>^  J^nTO  Here We Are 1  Your Six Friends,  Robin Hood Family"*  Robin Hood Flour  S  (l  (1  Oats  tc  i i  Porriage Oats  11  ((  Ferina  ti  tt  Graham  It  (1  Whole Wheat  Let Us Lighten  Your Household Duties  For Sale bjl  JOHN DONALDSON  PHONE 30  Everything to Eat and Wear  ( DlYKHSION AND TJSK. )  "fAKli: NOTICE that Airs. Jennie Morrison,  I whose address is lirand Forks. 1$. C, will  apply for a licence to tnUe uud use 20 acre-  feet o. water out of Kettle Eiver, which Hows  south easterly and drains into Columbia  Kiver near Muroiis, Washington. U.S.A. The  water will bv diverted from the stream lit a  point 95U feet south-easterly from the northeast corner <>f Lot 169'.) and will be used' tor  irrigation mid donn stic purposes upon the  land described as part of J.ot 1699. This  notice wa.< posted on ihe ground on the 27th  day of April, 191f). A copy of this notice tind  an >i|>nlication pursuant ihere o nnd to the  'Water Act, 19U." will be fil������d in the office  ofthe ������������������ ulcr Recorder.at Grand Forks, II. v!.  Objections to the application may he filed  with tin; said Water Keo'rdcr or with the  Comptroller of Water Rights, Parliament  Buildings, Victoria, B. C , within thirty days  ufter the tirst'appearance of this notice inn  local uuwspiiper. The date of the first publication of this notice, is April 30th, 1915.  -    MRS. .iENNIK .MORRISON, Applicant.  livery of accounts, bills, circulars,  etc., through means other than the  post ou"c3, contrary to the postal  act, and a warning is hereby given  that the post office department intends to insist that tbe law shall be  rigidly lived up to, and will in no  circumstance allow these parties to  avoid [laying the one-cent tax which  has been imposed for war purpose.  All letters conveyed, received,  collected, sent or delivered in contravention of the post office act- will  lie seized and necessary steps immediately taken for the prosecution of  the offenders in all cases where thi-  law has been contravene!}. ,  K When-in need of an odd piece of Furniture for. any room in the house, you can  save money,by purchasing'from us.  <I We carry the  most  up-to-date stock of . .'.'  House Furnishings in the Boundary, and "  you are assured of the same careful consideration  at  our- store if your purchase  is small as yon would -receive if you were  ~   buying'a large' order.- .-:'.'\     :.-"'-. .."'-"V ' -\  S We'  would   like1 to  call' your attention   * '  especially to our Floor Covering Department.    Our stock is new and'uvp-to-date,-  and the range of patterns and-designs .'is ; .  second to none.' '       *''"'".'."-  N t  MILLER & GARDNER  The Home Eurnistiers  How to Address the Soldiers  In order to facilitate the handling  of mail at thp -front and to insure,  prompt delivery, the Dominion post  office department requests 'Ihut all  mail be addressed as  follows:    -'���������  Rank   Name   Regimental number   Company,squadron or other'unit..  Battalion...   Brigade   First (or second) Canadian   contingent '. '.   British expeditionary force   -   Armv Post Office,  London,' England.  The weekly market will-, be   held  on   Second street,   between   Bridge  street and Winnipeg avennp, tomor  row forenoon.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS  Onlv tongue-tied women suffer from  brain fag.  If   you    would    discourage  neither borrow nor land.  trusts,  It makes a .woman heartsick .every  time she has to cut a piece of valuable  old lace.  youug,  If it is true the   good    die  will the oldest inhabitant please  offer  an explanation?        *  Some women wouldn't-enjoy living  in a heayenly mansien unless they  could clean house at lenst once a.  month.  Many a man who .starts at the foot  of the ladder manages by groat grit  and determination ..to be there at the  finish.  NOTICE  NOTICE is hereby given that application will be made to the Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  Grand Forks at a special sitting, to be  held in the city hall, First street, on  May 19th, 1915, for a transfer of  the wholesale and bottle liquor licenses  now held by me in respect of the  Grand Forks Liquor Store, situate on  Lot No. 5, in Block 11, Plan 28, in  'the City of Grand Forks, to Gustavus  A. Griffin, of   the   City of.Kamlo.ops,  B. C,  '.    Dated the 16th day of April, JA.D.  11915.'  1 WM. J. PRNKOSE.  YOUft CHILD IS CROSS,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATED  Look   Mother!     If  tongue   Is   coated,  cleanse little bowels with "California Syrup of Figs."  Mothers can rest easy after giving  "California Syrup of Figs," because in  a few hours all the clogged-up waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.  Sick children needn't be coaxecLto  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions of mothers keep it handy because they know its action on tke  stomach, liver and. bowels is prompt  and- sure.'  Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle cf "California Syrup of Pigs," which *  contains directions for babies, children  ���������f all ages and for. grown;ups.  The Sun is the' largest and best  tiewspaper printed in the Boundary'  country, and the--price is only one-  half-that of its local contemporaries.  It-^s a".valuable advertising-medium,  bpcause its large subscription list  has been . obtained, and' is maintained, merely tin its -merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questiqnablermethods to secure sub-  sccribers.     ' ���������"'-" -���������'.*- ;T ' %  Breathes there a. woman with soul'  so dead that she can resist reading an  article on "How tc Be Beautiful."  END STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  "Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump "of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling, of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  In mouth and stomach-headache, you  can get. blessed relief in five minutes. .  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by .getting a large fifty:cent case of  Pape's Diapepsin from any drug store.-  You realize in five minutes how needless it i" to suffer from indigestion,  dyspepsia or any stomach disorder.  It's the quickest, -surest stomach doctor   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  GOOD MORNING!  WE ARE INTRODUCING  American Silk  American Cashmero  ���������   American Cotto  HIw I- Uixfc^  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to Ordnr.  Also Repairing of all Kinds. .  Upholstering Neatly Done.  R.G.McCUTCHEOM  WINNIPEG AVENUE  They have stood the tost. Give real foot  comfort. No seams to rip. Never becomes loose or baggy. The shape is Unit  in���������not pressed in.  GUARANTEED   for   fineness, style  superiority of workmanship.   Absolutely  tainless.   Will wear 6 months  without  holes, or new ones free,  OUR SPECIAL OFFER  to every one sending us J1.00 In currency  or postal note, to cover advertising and  shipping expenses, we will send post-paid,  with written guarantee, backed by a five  million dollar company, el' her  3 PAIRS OFOUR 750.     ALUE  American Silk Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cashmere Hosiery,  OR 4 PAIRS OF OUR 50C. VALUE  American Cotton-Lisle Hosiery,  OR  6 PAIRS OF CHILDREN'S HOSIERY  Give tlie color, size,and whether Ladies'  or Gent's Hosiery Is desired.  DON'T DELAY -Offer expires when  a dealer in your locality is selected.  THE INTERNATIONAL HOSIERY CO.  P. O.  BOX 244  DAYTON. OHIO, U. S. A.  \r


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