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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 28, 1916

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 f  .'fl/'K^'-'^  1 -,'���������'��������������������������� ��������� :  ���������.;%-..'.���������'    ���������'  v";-;-;:^;  :���������; ���������'���������';'. 4 "  ���������'..,., ,y_  ..���������������������������:���������; ���������-(..  '���������':'Mf������  '���������".���������''���������.-'.���������:* "' '-'���������'������.-  ������������������^.;?s.  "r*^'!    '      " .  ','.' .'    ..'   '. ���������'-. t--  . : ���������::.:.' '���������/:'.:  ^M 4  -1: ���������J*<slSSB  fv'-ji^  l/?:  '''W  ���������":'���������%���������,  Kettle.Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH. YEAR-No   :>5  GRAND FORKS   B. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 28, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  &  IINGOFfHE  OT COUNCIL  Mayor   Acres   and   Aid.   Allen,  Donaldson,    McArdle,    -McCall.um,  ���������Schnitter and* Sheads were present  at  the  regular  meeting of' tbe city  council on Monday evening.  Poundmaster Joe McDonald handed in his resignation, which was accepted.  The chairman of the hoard of  works reported that.the board bad  decided to recommend that the city  do the grading at the Methodist parsonage provided the church would  rebuild tbe retaining wall. Referred  to the board of works, with power  .   to act.  Aid. .Schnitter ' brought up the  question of street sprinkling, which  was dicussed and referred to the  board of works  The chairman of the hoard of  works reported that Dr. Kingston  had made a-request for the street  grade in front of the Grand Fojks  hospital, in order to enable him to  build a cement walk from the building to the sidewalk.- Referred to the  chairman of the board of works.  The  chairman, of  the water and  light committee recommended  that  the-1 inch pipe to the  residences of  Charles Bickerton and others, in tbe  West  end,,..be .replaced by a 2. inch  pipe; that the waterworks system be  extended   to  J.   W. Galipeau's and  Jnuies   West's   bouses,  in  the   Van  Ness addition, provided they   made  application  for same,   accompanied  by   the   Usual   tapping fee, the city  to install;the system and the  applicants to advance the cost of installation, which   would   be   rebated   to  them   in   water  rates; thai the city  purchase 400 feet of hose  and   four  pairs of rubber boots for the   volunteer fire department;  and  that   the  city install a lightning arrester.  The  - report   was  adopted  and the chair  ..-Arnan of the committee   was  author-  '".'ized   to  purchase   the rubber boots  fpr the fire brigade.  'The  chairman  of   the health and  r&lief committee reported  that  the  wdrk of hauling   away the rubbish  gathered   on   cleaning   up day had  been   completed.     The    unsightly  buildings in the rear of the old post  office and between Second and Thiid  streets had  not   yet  been removed.  On motion of Aid.  Allen   and McArdle, the clerk   was  instructed to  notify the owners or their agents  to  remove the same, or the  city would  do it and charge the cost up to  tbe  property.  The chairman of parks and cemetery committee reported that 03  trees had been planted at the cemetery, and 52 on the streeis, on Arbor day. The mayor and the chair  men of the various committees decided to meet at the cemetery at 2  o'clock on Wednesday afternoon to  decide on what further improvements might be required there.  Permission  was granted the owners of a mineral elaim located  with  . in the city limits to blast, provided  'proper precautions were taken.  City Assessor Hutton handed in  the assessment roll for 191G. On  motion of Aid. McCallum and  Sheads, it was accepted subject to  amendments at the court of revision.    It was decided to hold  the  court of revision on Tuesday, May  30, at 2 p.m. The members of the  court are Mayor Acres, fild. McCallum, Schnitter, Sheads and Donaldson.  A request was made for the city  bind at an enlertainment to be given  by the soldiers and the Daughters of  the Empire at the camp of the 225th  battalion on Saturday. The request  was granted provided the members  of the band are at leisure.  On motion, the poles and othpr  equipment necessary to construct  the pole line to tbe camp of the  local company of the 225th battalion  was loaned to the company.  THE RELIEF  OF BELGIUM  Paris, April 24.���������Unqualified ad  miration of President Wilson's message to Berlin on the submarine  issue is expressed by Georges Cle-  menceau in his newspaper, l'Homme  Enchaine In an analysis of the  message, M. Clemenceau says:  "What strikes one above all in  this piece of world diplomacy which  the chief of the American republic  has submitted to the national representatives, is its fine, impassive objectivity���������neither complaints nor  recrimination; facts, not signs of  literature, contraryto what we have,  .-een in tbe case of other countries;  nothing, too, of the learned lawyer,  by bappy surprise. Simple strong  words of a statesman.  "The right, the august" imprescriptible right, which the Pilgrim  Fathers.-of' the Mayflower brought  from Europe, their sons are bringing  back to us under a shield of iron  forged by own strong hands. Hail to  you, American citizens, who march  back into the history of Europe,  unto a great arch in the front of  which Washington, Jefferson and so  many others have carved the noble  claims of humanity.  "What the kaiser may decide.to  do is unimportant. Withdrawal or  bombast?���������It will be all the same in  the end."  The Last Resort  Little Ruth had never felt the  weight of the rod during her six'  years of life; she had been ruled by  moral sausion alone. Of late, however, she evinced a disposition to  disobedience, and one morning she  achieved that end three times in ten  minutes. Her mother felt that more  vigorous means should be taken in  regard to moulding the child's char  acter, and she accordingly took an  ivory paper cutter from the writiug  table and struck her smartly across  her bare little legs. Ruth's surprise  was equal to her indignation. She  pondered ' deeply for a moment.  Then, turning toward the doo,r with  an angry, disapproving countenance,  she pealed foutb: "I'm going to my  room to tell God about that paper  cutter. And then I shall tell Jesus.  And if that doesn't do, I shall put  flannel on my legs!"  The water in tbe main Kettle  river and th(f North Fork is gradu-  allp rising.  Cultivate the  habit  of listening,  young man.    It will come in handy  f you ever acquire a wife.  A striking indictment, of Ger-  many's continued inhumanity to  Belgium and,a powerful plea on behalf of the millions who, although  destitute, remain loyal in that outraged country, are contained in the  following important statement. It is  signed by tbe lord mayor of London, as chairman of tbe national  committee for relief in Belgium, by  tbe archbishop of Canterbury, Cardinal Bourne, the moderator Jf the  Church of Scotland, the president of  the Free Church Council, the Chief  Rabbi, the Duke of Norfolk, Lords  Lansdowne, Rosebery and Bryce,  Arthur Henderson, John Redmond,  Shirley Benn (hon. treasurer) and  W. A M. Goode (hon. secretajy).'  To tne Editor:  Sir���������Eleven months ago we form  ed the national committee for the re--,  lief in Belgium and ^appealed to our  fellow subjects throughout the   Brit,  isb   empire  on   behalf of   a million  and a half Belgians,  oppressed   and  threatened with starvation   in   their  own outraged country. The number  of destitute Belgians in Belgium today  exceeds   three millions     Most  of these are women and children.  Since we made our  previous   appeal it has been conclusively proved  that the Germans, contrary to every  civilized   precedent,   will   adhere to'  their   "openly  expressed   intention  not to support the Belgian   population   or   supply   them   -vith food."  The words quoted are those used by  Lord Robert Cecil, on behalf of   the  government, in the  house   of   commons on January 27 last.  That Lord  Robert Cecil  does not overestimate  tbe calculated cruelty of the German  intention   is  shown by the fact that  in Poland, where there is no neutral  channel   for   the distribution of re  lief,   the   civilian   population  have  been allowed   to   die like flies, and  over   300,000  abled-bodied   Polish  men   have  been driven   into  Germany, there to work   in   the   mines  and industries, thus freeing 3(J0,000  Germans to go to the fighting front.  The same thing would undoubtedly  happen   in   Belgium   but   for food  which reaches the Belgians   through  the allies.  It has also been  definitely  ascertained tbat tbe food sent into  Belgium does not reach or   benefit  the  Germans.    Lord   Robert  Cecil,  on  February 21 last, stated in the house  of commons that  the  "Government  are   satisfied   with   the manner in  which   the  relief  commission   has  carried on its  work  and   have  exacted guarantees   from the.German  authorities   who   might   otherwise  have taken   advantage of   the supplies."   The confidential evidence of  Belgians of repute, allowed   out  of  Belgium,   confirms     this     official  declaration. The neutral relief commission, of which Herbert Hoover is  chairman, and which  is conducted  under the supervision of the American and Spanish  doplomatic  repre  sentatives, has been  accurately   described by Earl Curzon as "an abso-  lote miracle of scientific organization,  synonymous   with     economy   and  efficiency combined.'' Receipts from  the  2700  Belgian  communes show  Belgium has been faithfully distributed by.'Belgians, to'Belgians under the close supervision of this  commission and its self-sacrificing  American workers. The British national committee, with the approval  of the British and Belgian g)vern-  mentB,. hands all its funds, without  any deduction, to Mr. Hoover's  commission to be expended in food.  .In the conviction that the methods of distributing relief in Belgium  render it practically impossible for  any appreciable quantity of the food  to get into German hands, and with  the evidence to justify this conviction, we do not hesitate again urgently to appeal to the British nation for further contributions. Our  original appeal, up to date, has  brought in over ������1,500,000 but-  this almost ������1,000,000 short of what  is'required, from British benevolent  sources, to enable the destitute in  Belgium to maintain life with loy  alty. Of the total so far received,  more than ������1,000,000 has come  from Australia and New Zeatand.  ���������Over ssven 'million defenceless  civilians in Belgium, for more than  a year and a half, have suffered a  tvranny- almost inconceivable to  ���������those in our own uuinvaded land.  Nevertheless they have maintained  a resistance none fh'e less courageous  because it must be passive, and,  with almost negligible exceptions,  they have refused to work for the  Germans. Practically half of the  whole of this population in Belgium, through -no fault-.of- their own,  are now destitute and live on a pitiful ration.  Is there any debt of honor more  pressing or any work of humanity  with a stronger claim than that of  helping to keep body and soul to  gether in the men, women and children Belgium, who, in spite of mis  ary and privation, endure all things  and loyally await the coming of the  allies'?  Donations and   regular  subscrip  tions, for which   we  most earnestly  a=k,   should    be sent   to   Domin  ion,    colonial    or     local   committees,    wherever     they   have    been  lormed, or to A. Shirley Benn,Esq.,  M.P.,Hon. Treasurer.National Committee for Reiiel in Belgium, Trafal  gas Buildings; TrafalgarSquare.Lon  don.  Signed, on   behalf  of  the  National  Committee,  Charles Cheeks Wakeeiei,p,  Lord Mayor of Loudon, Chairman.  Randall Cantaur; Francis,  Cardinal  Bourne;   David  Paul,  Moderator  Church of Scotland; J. H. Shakespeare,   President    Free    Church  Council; J. H. Hertz,Chief Rabbi;  Norfolk.   Lansdowne,   Rosebery,  Bryce, Arthur   Henderson,  John  E.   Redmond; A.   Shirley  Benn,  ���������Hon. Treasurer; W. A. M. Goode,  Hon. Secretary.  March 30th, 1916.  WILL CELEBRATE  EMPIRE  Master Feank Dean, who spent  the Easter holidays at the Hotel  Russell in this city, returned to his  home in Phoenix on Wednesday.  Mrs. P. W. MacLain and daughter Lilian, who have been visiting  at the,home of Mrs. Lea my for a  week, will return to their home iu  Greenwood tomorrow.  The annual-meeting of the Grand  Forks volunteer fire department was  held in the Columbia lire hall on  Tuesday evening. There was a large  attendance of members, business  men and invited guests. After the  business . session an enjoyable  ' 'smoker" was held.  It  was  unanimously  decided  to  hold a   celebration  on   the 24th of  May similar to  the  events held on  this date in previous years.  ��������� The following officers  were  elected:   Chief, A. E.  Savage;   assistant  chief, Ben Norris;  secretary,   Frank  Haverty;   treasurer,    John   McKie;  captain No  1   company,  E. Jenne;  foreman, Barry Logan; first   officer,  Charles Haverty; second   officer,   8. '  Dinsmore; auditing committee, Don",  Manly and Roy McLeod.  E. C. Henniger presided over the  "smoker." He had a wide scope for  exercising his oratorical talents in  introducing the various speakers and  events, and he took advantage of tbe  occasion to make the most of it.  Mayor Acres, who was the first  speaker, congratulated the city on  its efficient fire department. He was  followed by Frank Hutton, who  spoke along the same lines.  After a song by Mr. Cagon, City  Clerk John    Hutton    reviewed   th*  financial condition of the city.    Mr.  Hutton  said    the  city  was   by no-  means in as straitened circumstances'  as  some  people  imagined.   Grand  Forks was on a firmer financial basis  than a large number of cities in this  part  of  the    province.    While   we  would  have   to  economize  for  the  next  five  or   six  years in order to  meet   our   debenture    obligations,  after tbe expiration of that lime the  city would  be  in   affluent  circumstances.  Charles Bickerton favored the audience with a clog dance.  Chief Savage followed with a  speech that was slightly more abbreviated than his famous address  of 1915. However, brevity is the  soul of wit, and, besides, his remarks were timely and to tbe  point. Speeches were also made  by Aid. McCallum, Sheads, Schnitter and McArdle; XV. Mark DeCew,  president of the board of trade, and  by E. Spraggett. All the speakers  praised the efficiency of the Grand  Forks volunteer fire department.  Messre. DeCew, McCallum and  Sbeads spoke at considerable length.  A comic song by J. F. Kraus  ended the program, after which re  frcshments, consisting of coffee,  sandwiches, cake and ice cream,  were served. Thus ended an evening's pleasant entertainment.  James J. Henniger.of New Brunswick, who has been spending tbe  past winter in the southwestern  states, arrived in tbe city last Saturday and is visiting at the home of  son, E. C. Henniger. ��������� He will probably remain in the city all summer.  The east bound C.P.R. train  four hours late last night.  was  It   will soon   be warm enough to  that every ton of food imported into go fishing.  The 97tb anniversary service  of Gateway Lodge No. 45, Indepen-  dent Order of Oddfellows, will be  conducted by Rev. J. D. Hobden  in the Methodist church onSunclnv,  April 30, at 7:30 pm.  ���������f-.  *&  j#  -*"-���������-'  i"i ��������� iStaSWTO'agttMSaMatlSJtM-M-fl^  THE   SUNj   GRAND: JJQRKS,   B. C.  IP;  II  1  I  %  t  ������  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  The Capture  a  A British Crew's Feat in . Capturing  German Submarine  This story oC the U boat that was  captured has a Jules Verne air thai is  the very breath oi- mystery and romance, it^va's told originally by a German naval prisoner in England to a  contributor to the -.London Saturday  Journal, appearing in English, in that  paper. The story is confirmed, declares the contributor, by two other  prisoners, also members ot! the same  crow. "1 do noi pretend to have told  the story here in the narrator's exact words," he says, "but in its essentials this story is the same story  as was told to me." It appears that  this U-boat was deploying off the  soiuh coast of Ireland, and had just  sunk a large red-funneled steamer  with a white band under black (.which  may or may not have been the Hesperian). The moment this strike was  made the submarine turned for a certain part ot* the neighboring coast,  where, on the floor of a little bay, they  were wont to rest when there was  chance or certainty of destroyers in  the neighborhood. The German's  story of the succeeding events is as  follows:  We sat on ihe silt at the bottom of  ������������������'the bay all that night and well on to  the next day,' until the air smelled  sour, like the sweat of a man. suffering  from acute rheumatism. It.is a fearful feeling that comes over one when  the air in a submarine gets like that.  One's nerves get all on edge, one is  oppressed with forebodings of disaster, and small worries-are magnified  a thousandfold.  If you can appreciate that, and bring  yourself'to imagine what a nervous,  apprehensive lot. We had���������become, .you  will be able to realize the sensation' in  that submarine when everybody on  board distinctly heard tlie rasping  .. .'jlank of iron on tlie outer skin.  ' At Kiel and at Wilhelmshaven they  tell tales in sailors' beer halls, when  submarine after submarine fails to return, and nothing is heard of the fate  of those on board; of the English  trawling for submarines as tlie fishing  boats in the Geramn Ocean trawl for  flatfish, but with a trawl net made of  steel mesh, through which no submarine can hope to pass. Such tales had  been heard by most of us on that submarine, and they had made a great  impression upon those of us���������and it  was nearly everybody���������whose first expedition, against the enemy it was.  I was standing under the hatch  when this happened, and the torpedo-  mate was facing me and in the act of  giving me so'me orders. , He.stopped  dead, looked at me, and then turned  as if he would go and report to tr.e  commander, who was in the engine-  room.  Just as he took the first step there  came a new sound from above and the  torpedo-mate stopped with his leg  stretched out as he made the step.  The sound was as if someone was  tapping on the hatch with a hammer.  "Fetch the Herr Lieutenant-Captain  Quickly," shouted the torpedo-mate, excitedly, and I started to obey the command; but another man anticipated  me, and I stayed.  The tapping; continued���������two single,  sharp taps, then a pause, then two  more single taps, and so on.  Yes, it did sound something like  that���������icltly, iddy, iddy, iddy���������all the  time.  The. torpedo-mate became very excited. He made a move as if he would  mount the steps leading to the hatch,  changed his mind, and then bolted in  the direction of the engine room.  That tapping still went on, and it  sounded so uncanny that 1 felt uneasy  in my stomach.  Presently the torpedo-male came  hack, and the Lieutenant-Captain was  witli him, and 1 heard them speaking  in English.  The torpedo-mate mounted the steps  to  the  hatch,  took  ot'l" his  shoe,  and  with the heel gave two single taps on.  the hatch cover, with an interval between them.  As soon as he did this the tapping  on   the   outside   stopped,   but.   roconi-  are a  CONFESSION  Advam-ini; years lire first realized by lliechaiifrc  lliiit hecomo iiotiirciilile in tlie complexion. If  yon |>;iy attention lo the first, siltnost imperceptible, lines, how easy it is to avoid the unsightly  wrinkle-, tli.'it surely follow. Wrinkles are a  confession lo 1'iilhcr Time. The skin must be  kept firm and smooth by proper attention nnd  treatment.  "US'T"is n skin food ;ind wrinkle chaser. It  builds up linn, elastic tissues, removes wrinkles,  fills out depression���������!. prevents dryness of skin  mused by excessive winds, ;md restores to your  complexion tluit fine appearance of freshness  nnd youth.  "USIT" is put up in handsome opal bollles,  ami until the Drutf Stores iu Canada are completely stocked, we are filling mail orders.  Accept no substitute.  Send 50c to-day for trial bottle, sufficient for  six weeks' use. We pay posture to nny address  In Canada.  Usit Manufacturing Company, Limited  Pcpnrtnicnt A, 476 Roncurallo Kit nut, Toronto, Ontario  W. N. U. 1096  menced a moment, afterwards,���������witli. a  change in the sound.  Ves, that is right: Iddy, pause, limply, iddy. iddy, umpty, pause, iddy,  timpty, umpty, iddy, pause, iddy, umpty, iddy. iddy, pause, umpty, umtpy,  umpty, pause, iddy, iddy, iddy, pause,  iddy, iddy, pause iddy, iddy, iddy, umpty, pause, iddy.  When tho tapping ceased the tor-  pedo-niate held Out the book to me so  that I could pass it, to ihe commanding-officer; but he waved it away, and  then told Ihe torpedo-mate to "read  it."  As near as I can remember, the torpedo-mate read as follows, in English:  "Explosive charge fixed to your hull  and connected by wire to destroyer  above. Chain attached to your periscope, with; other end round steam-  winch.. You cannot get away. Will  you surrender or be blown up?"   *  "Read it again," said the lieutenant-  captain, speaking like a dazed and incredulous man.  The torpedo-mate read it, again,  slowly and emphatically, as if ro give  each word time to sink into the commanding officer's mind. When he had  finished he added a word of his own.  That word was "diver.''  There was some excitement- in the  submarine in the minutes that followed. The lieutenant-captain took counsel witli the other officers in whispers,  and at last told the .torpedo-mate, to  signal on the hatch that we would surrender.  . Th.e-signal of surrender was made  with the heel of the torpedo-mate's  shoe, and a reply was tapped out from  above.  "Rise to the.surface, and remember  that if you sink the boat you will go  down with it," the torpedo-mate read  out.  The lieutenant-captain sadly gave  the necessary orders, and presently  wo were on the surface, the hatch was  'opened, and I. followed the officers  and  the  torpedo-mate  on deck.  There, almost alongside us, .was a  big destroyer, with her guns trained  on us; and there, sitting on our hull,  with an arm cuddling our periscope,  was the figure of a man in diving-  dress, dangling a bit of heavy chain in  his' hand.  But there was no sign of any explosive attached to the hull.  "Down below," said the lieutenant-  captain, making* a move .toward tlie  hatch.  "Please stay whore you are," said  a polite voice froni the destroyer, as  the men lining the side leveled their  rifles at us. .  "Swindled!" said the lieutenant-  captain, with a hopeless movement of  his hands.  The destroyer edged alongside and  we .were ordered to come on board. -  "The captain is engaged for a moment," said a young officer, waving  his hand to where the diver was being  extracted from his diving dress. "He  will introduce himself presently."  Tide of Feminism Rising  It is reasonable to expect that when  the women of the prairie provinces  are possessed of the 'franchise, many  women in the other provinces"will'be  restless until they acquire the same  right. The tide of feminism in this  country is rising. It means much  more than the mere granting of the  voting franchise to women. It means  coming changes of a fundamental  character���������social and economic as  well as political changes, changes in  the relation of the sexes, in domestic  life, in convential ideas of morality.  Whether these changes will be for the  betterment of the race-is a matter of  opinion; it depends upon '.he point of  view. All who thirst, for change for  the sake of change will hail the feminist revolution with joy. But in such  revolutionary^ changes much that is  good is often submerged. What is old  is not necessarily of little value and  unfit to cherish.���������Hamilton Herald.  Cannot Stand Failure  The doctrine of the election of Germany to create by blood and fire the  kingdom of righteousness on earth  can withstand many things. Itidicule  cannot shake the stout faith of a  humorless race in its idol; misery and  suffering may, for a time at any rate,  only harden it. But there is one thing  which no variant of tills degraded  creed has ever been able to support,  and that, is failure. Lei it become  visible to tho least willing to see it  that the German empire has failed in  its self-appointed task; that the attempt to "crucify humanity" has recoiled in blood and ruin on its authors, winning for them nothing but the  abhorrence of mankind; and the  whole fabric of false history, false  science, false statesmanship and false  fanaticism is already tottering.���������London Daily News.  Hub (surveying mass of bills)���������As  to how these are to be paid, I am completely in the dark.  Wife���������Well, there's one of (hem you  will have to pay or be even inoro In  the dark���������the gas bill.  A farm on which, or near which,  absolutely pure water cannot be obtained will not answer for dairy  purposes. Dairy cows need free access lo all the pure water that they  will drink.  Big U.S. Aeroplane  Rumored     That   a   Monster   Machine  "Will   Soon   be   Put  to   Use  An American built aeroplane soon  to be used in, the war, which will  cary a 9-centinietrc gun and which  will be six times as large as the new  German fokker monoplanes, was  described by G. Douglas W'ardrop,  editor of the Aerial Age, in an address to the cadets and instructors  of tho United -Stales Military Academy.  After stating : that the aerial equipment of the United States army was  in every way inadequate, Mr. War-  drop said: "We have heard very  much of late concerning the Fokker  monoplanes, the ''���������machine that spirals  to a tremendous altitude . and, then  darts directly down upon its opponent, meantime showering a hail of  deadly bullets upon  its adversary. ���������  "We in tiis country are quietly  preparing a monster machine that  will represent the conquest of >)va:i  the latest German achievement. Tlih  aeroplane will be six times larger  than any yet tried. It can carry  sufficient gasoline to give a speed  of seventy-live miles an hour and a  cruising range of more than 600  miles. Tho horsepower consists of  seven motors, six of J GO horsepower  each and one of 40 horsepower. With  about eight passengers, this machine  has a further capacity for carrying  700 gallons of gasoline, sixty gallons  of oil and. a" useful load of o,000  pounds. By decreasing the '1.000  pound cargo the number of passengers can be approximately .increased  to thirty. A total weight of 21,000  pounds can be carried through the  air. The machine is built with three  planes, spreading 1S3 feet. The length  is sixty-eight feet.  "This will be the type of bombarding aeroplane that will be used on  German ports in the early spring.  Many of the type are now under construction.  "A new gun which gives no recoil  will be used .in this monster 'plane.  It consists of a tube iu which two  shots are simultaneously discharged  by a single explosion. One shot, the  deadly steel shell, speeds down toward the enemy; a second, which is  made of sand, is discharged* backward. As a result there is-no recoil  from the gun. This new gun will  throw a shell nine centimetres in  diameter."  U*  The deacons and other officers of  the church had met to discuss the best  method of getting rid of a pastor who  had worn out his usefulness. After  various methods had been suggested  without any of them seeming feasible,'  one brother, who was a good deal of a  wag, said:  "I tell you what to dp. Let's pay  him all of his salary in arrears an'  raise him to a thousand a year an' he  will drop dead."  A simplified X-ray by which a bill  collector could see how much money a  man had in his pocket would fill a  long-felt want  Suffragettes hadn't thought of horrifying the men by appearing in their  last year's hats.  Mrs. Wynn Tells How Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable  Compound Helped Her  During Change of Life.  Richmond, Va. ��������� "After taking  seven bottles of Lydia E. Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound I feel like a  new woman. I always had a headache'  during the Change  of Life and was also  troubled with other  bad feelings common at that time ���������  dizzy spells, nervous  feelings and heat  flashes. Now I am  in better  health  r ���������w-s"<i-J$f*y'.-������������������������������������ ��������������������������������������������� ���������:��������� *���������������������������;<*<:��������� '���������',! i  W:  than I ever was and recommend, your  remedies to all my friends. "���������Mrs. Lena  Wynn, 2812 E. O Street, Richmond, Va.  While Change of Life is a most critical period of a woman's existence, the  annoying symptoms which accompany  it may be controlled, and normal health  restored by the timely use of Lydia E.  Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  Such warning symptoms are a sense  of suffocation, hot flashes, headaches,  backaches, dread of impending evil,  timidity, sounds in the ears, palpitation  of the heart, sparks before the eyes,  irregularities, constipation, variable appetite, weakness and inquietude, and  dizziness.  For these abnormal conditions do not  fail to take Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound.  Address by  Prof. Bedford on the Subject of Clean Land for Producing  Clean- Seed  There are several reasons , why  land intended for' seed v production  should be as Tree as possible from  weeds.  Weeds absorb soil moisture, an  abundance of which is one of the  essentials in the production of large  yields of grain. This is particularly  true when speaking of the western  provinces, for our rainfall is somewhat limited, and we i eed it all.  Without, sufficient soil moisture the  plant will lack vigor, the, straw will  be short, the ear under-sized and not  well filled, insufficient moisture will  also . reduce the size of the kernel  and lessen its weight per bushel.  The amount of water absorbed  and given off by the leaves is somewhat remarkable. One authority  says that one weed plant an inch in-  diameter at the base,\and having a  leaf surface of about otk square feel,  has been known to transfer through  its loaves one pound four ounces of  water in 24 hours." Another writer'  says an average mustard plant  pumps from the'soil about 14 ounces  of water per day, and a sunflower  may absorb 33  ounces  in one day.  AVeeds injure the grain by- crowding; all living plants must have a  certain amount of space for the circulation of air and moisture, and to  be open lo the, life-giving warmth  and light of the'/un. When crowded,  even among themselves, they cannot  thrive, and if this needed space is to  any extent occupied by weeds the  returns from the crop must be correspondingly less. Weeds are notoriously more resistent to drought,  more rapid c' growth, more sturdy  of habit and more tenacious of life  than the cultivated plants that they  shade, drown or starve out.  Adam Dicksou, as long ago as 1733,  said in his treatise on agriculture:  "Weeds are nourished by the same  food that, would ?*oiiri'sh useful  plants, and therefore when allowed  to grow along with them must rob  them of part of their food*. Experience convinces the farmer of the  truth of this; for he finds that his  crop is bad in proportion to the  quantity and kinds of weeds witli  which  his  land  is  infested."  Some weeds cer've- as host plants,  for injurious fungi and rust, smut  and mildew, may be transferred  from them to useful plants. Weedy  stubbles are often a breeding ground  for cut worms, flea beetles and other  insect plagues.  Sheaves of grain, containing any  considerable quantity of weeds are  difficult to cure, and are frequently  the cause of grain heating in the  stack, bin or elevator, thus seriously  injuring its "germinating power.  Weeds mean extra labor in cleaning  the threshed grain, and in some instances it is almost impossible lo  make a perfect separation with the  machines in common use. For instance, it is exceedingly difficult to  separate wild oats from cultivated  oats, or chess and corkle from wheat.  Darnel is difficult to separate from  barley, etc.  I consideiv it extremely dangerous  to purchase seed grain from a  grower whose farm is generally full  of weeds, even if the particular field  from which the individual sample  was obtained is clean, for there is  great danger of weed seeds becoming  mixed through the use of implements, machinery, etc.  Two incidents in my own exepri-  ence will illustrate tin's point. In the  autumfi of 1906, I visited a farm in  this province, where I understood the  owner made a specialty of growing  seed grain. 1 found one. small patch  of about one-half acre which had  been hand-picked and was fairly  free of noxious weeds, but every  other field on the farm was practically smothered with noxious weeds.  It is needless to state that I did not  purchase any seed from that farm.  Again, in If)08, wishing to purchase  a large quantity of seed grain for  the federal government, I inspected  the growing crop on a 2,000 acre  farm in the west. This farm, I understood, made a specialty of growing seed oals for the United States  market. On inspecting the growing  crop I found the virgin soil of every  field had been broken deeply the  first year, then disked and sown the  same season with flax, and the crop  showed the evil of this practice.  There was not an acre of tho whole  farm but what was contaminated  with from two to five kinds of wild  mustard. There was certainly a  large amount of many-colored blossoms in every field, but the farm did  not appeal to me as a promising  source from which to procure' clean  seed grain, and I left without making a  purchase.  Few conveniences which-have been  adapted to use ' on the farm can exceed the rural telephone in value.  For a quick means of communication  between friends and neighbors, and  ���������with nearby business people, the telephone is worth many times the small  cost of installation.  Hungarian   Actress   Executed   as   Spy  According to information received  by Cleveland Hungarians, Sari Pet-  rass, famous Hungarian actress, who-  was noted in Europe for her beauty,,  has been executed as a British spy in  Budapest.  Letters received in Cleveland declare that she was tried by court-  martial and -convicted of gettiug military secrets from Austrian and Hungarian officers and sending them to  England. Tho reports declare that  some of her letters were intercepted  and-that, one of her dupes confessed.  She. was well known in. ���������.���������London,  where she was appearing- in "The  .Marriage Market," at one of the big  theatres, when (he war started.  The news of her execution was  kept secret, and came as a shock to-  the theatre-going public abroacJ  when it became known.  Hostess (to guest)���������Mow, remember, I've warned you. If you will insist on sleeping in the haunted room  don't be surprised to hear the most  hair-raising scream.  Bald Guest���������Righto! That'll suit  me; I've tried every other hair-raising  remedy without success.  ���������Here: is where the old man tells his  children that his mother used to.make  him take sulphur and molasses in the  spring.  Is the Object of This Free Prescrip>  tion���������Try It if Vour Eyes  Give You Trouble.  'Thousands of pco,ple suffer from eyo  troubles because (bey do not know what  to do. They know some good homo remedy for ��������� every other minor 'ailment, hut.  none for thciroycMronbies. They neglect  their eyes, because the trouble is not "sufficient'to'.'drive them to' im eye: specialist,  who .would,' anyway, charge them a hears  fee. As a last, resort they go to un optician  or to (he five and'ten-cent store, aud oftentimes pet glasses that they do not need;  or which, after being;.used.a few months,  do their eyes more Injury than good.  Here is a simple prescription that: every  one should use : .">. grains Bon-Opto. * r  ounces water. Uao three or four times* a.  day to bathe the eyes. This prescription  and the simple Optona system keeps tin  eyes clean, sharpens the vision and "quickly  overcomes inflammation and Irritation ~t  weak, watery, overworked, tired eyes and'  other similar (roubles are greatly benefited  and oftentimes cured by its use. Jinny-reports show that wearers of glasses* hnvfc  discarded them after a few weeks' use.  It is good for the. eyes, and contains no-Ingredient which would Injure the most sen-  sitive eyes of. an infant or the aged. Your  own druggist can fill this prescription, or  the Valmas Drug Co. of Toronto will 131!  it for you. Try it, and know for ence  what real eye comfort is.,  He -would tell you that he  can do lots more work  when the wagon wheels  are greased with  Mica Axle Grease fills Uhc  pores of the axle. Makes a  perfect bearing surface: Reduces friction to a minimum.  Dealers Evcrywlier'e  The Imperial Oil Company  Limited  BRANCHES  IN*  ALL CITIES  LITTLE  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things,"  the wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  are made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition th-st guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason 1  All Eddy products  are de������  pendable products���������rAIways.  C THE    SUN,   GEAND    FORES,    B. C.  It bears the  Seal <d������ Purity  All.oyer the world the  name Sunlight stands  forpurityinSoap. Our  $5,000 guarantee of  Purity is something  more than an advertisement. It marks the  high standard we have  set for ourselves to give  you the best laundry  soap it is possible to -  produce at any. price.  Build Many Elevators in Alberta  . The Alberta .Farmers' Co-operative  Company will probably construct 20  or even 30 elevators the coining season. "We constructed a number, last  year," said C. Rice-Jones, president,  when interviewed in Calgary, "and  with 'the abundant harvest of the past  season, the demonstrated shortage  space when the province is visited  with a great crop, and the probability  of another good crop for the coming  year, we will undoubtedly carry on  quite a program.' of construction during the coming season as well."  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  Big Fur Trade  . Saskatchewan  Dealers Bring in  Pelts  Valued at $600,000  Pelts to tho value of nearly $600,-  |> ' 000 is���������the record of the fur year of  Saskatchewan, according to official  figures. One hundred and thirty-one  dealers are shown as being in the fur  trade for the last year, bringing in a  total of 061,S40, as compared with  716,182 pelts for the year before.  The figures give some idea of the  Immensity of the fur trade of -Saskatchewan.  ' According, to tho figures, muslcrat  skin's were in the' lead with a total  of 892;960, . the lowest pelts .being  white foxes," of which only ".six are  reported. -  Europe  Buying   Canadian  Timber  British 'Columbia timbers have been  shipped to England for trench construction and the cedar shingle industry has again begun to move at a lively pace. An order of 4,000,000 shingle  was recently sent to New York, via  the Panama, but the big slide there  has closed the markets of the oast  for the time being. Pulp mills are  doing good lousiness now, and large  quantities of paper and boxes have  been shipped to the States, to China,  and other Pacific countries.   \:  Make the Liver  Do its Duty  Nine limes in ten when the liver is right the  ilomach and bowels are right.  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  gently but firmly compel a lazy liver to  do its duty  Cures Constipation,  Indigos-  tion,  Side  Headache, and Distress after Eating,  Small Pill, SmaIl Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  B.C. Mines Are Busy  Activity in the metalliferous mines  of West Kootenay and the boundary  districts has so increased the demand  for coke that every oven in Fernie  is running and 200 ovens at Michel,  which have been idle for three years,  also have been lighted up, according  to a statement from Fernio, British  Columbia.  The demand for coal also has been  much better of late, especially from  railroads,- whose traffic is steadily  increasing.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Hub���������Tilings were awfully dull in  the stock market today. Absolutely  nothing doing.  "Wife���������Why don't you mark some  of fin slnnf;; down and advertise a  bargain sale. ,,���������"        ""V  The Oil of the People.���������Many oils  have come and gone, but Dr. Thomas'.  Eclectric Oil continues to maintain  its position and increase its sphere  of usefulness each year. Its sterling  qualities have brought it to the front  and kept it there, and it can truly be  called the oil of the people. Thousands have benefited by it and would  use no other preparation.  "Hard.to get along with, isn't he?"  "Oh, yes.   He is as quarrelsome as  a pacificist."  . Use Alberta Coal in Spokane  Advices : from" Spolcane announce  that public buildings there are using  Alberta coal for heating purposes for  the first time in their history. Formerly American coal was used exclusively. The reason for change given is  that Alberta coal is cheaper in proportion to tlie-heating services rendered.  "I hear that. Richwood's daughter  ran away with  tlie  chauffeur."  "Yes: and Richwood is nearly crazy  over it."  "Well, it is hard to lose a daughter  in tbat way."  "Oh, I don't know so- much about  that; but they took the motor car  with them."  To Asthma Sufferers.���������Dr. J. D.  Kellogg's Asthma Remedy comes like  a helping hand to a sinking swimmer.  It gives new life and hope by curing  his trouble���������something he has come  to believe impossible. Its benefit is  too evident to be questioned���������it is it?  own best argument���������its own best ad  vertisement. If you suffer from asthma get this time-tried remedy and  find lielp-like thousands of others.  ,    ���������        Another   New   Battalion  A movement is, on root for the organization in the, west for overseas  service of a battalion of Scandinavians" and Icelanders. Messrs. Prout,  Ross and Sigfusson, members of the  Manitoba legislature, who offered the  militia deaprtment to jointly raise an  overseas battalion, have a telegram  fom Sir Sam Hughes accepting their  offer, the command of the battalion  denPTui.'^fir on the qualification** -.of the  organizers.. .        -���������-���������^l  Beautifies While  SI  Before retiring, bathe the face and  neck with hot water, then dry and rub  "USIT" into tne skin with the linger  tips. By persistent treatment you  will soon restore to your complexion  the wonderful freshness and beauty  of votith. Make this treatment a  nightly habit and "USIT" will beautify you while you sleep.  "CJSIT" is a skin rood ami wrinkle  chaser. Jt builds up firm elastic tissues, removes wrinkles, fills out depressions and gives tho skin a wonderful smoothness and fineness of  texture which alone indicates perfect  skin health.  "USIT" is put up in handsome opal  bottles, and until the Drug -Stores in  Canada arc completely stocked wo  are filling mail orders. Accept no substitute.  Send 50 Cents today for trial bollle,  sufficient for six weeks' use.    We pay  postage to any address  in  Canada.  USIT   MANUFACTURING  CO.,  LTD.  476 RonceSvalles Ave., TORONTO  "Some. ' day we'll be telephoning  through the air without wires."  "Maybe; but wor.'t it be queer to  have an operator call back to you and  say, 'The,air'is busy now?'"'  Salonika���������the centre of interest in  the Near East' touay���������is the name-'  city of the * Princess of Macedon,  Thessalonica. sister of Alexander,  where in turn have ruled Greek, Roman, and Slav, Caracen and Sicilian,  Burgundia.ii, Venetian and Turk;  where Cicero enaured exile, where St.  Paul planted a Faith.  She Gives Them  \  All the Credit  SAYS  DODD'S'    KIDNEY      PILLS  MADE  HER WELL  "- Miss Gertie Newman, After Two  Years' Suffering,* Tells How She  Found   a  Complete  Cure.        ���������  Boyd's Cove, Notre Dame Bay, Nfld.  ���������(Special).���������"After two years of  weakness and suffering I am again in  perfect health and I give all the credit to Dodd's Kidney Pills."  That is the statement n ���������. by Miss  Gertie * M. Newman, an .-oiJmable  young.lady living here, bhe is so  overjoyed "at her recovery that she  wants all suffering women to know  how she found her cure.  "I had a cola to start with," Miss  Newman continues, "and then things  just seemed to go from bad to worse.  My back ached, I had cramps in my  muscles, and I suffered from headaches. , My sleep was broken and un-  refreshing, my eyes were puffed and  swollen and I perspired freely with  the least exertion. I was always irri-  ��������� table and in the mornings I had a  bitter taste in my mouth.  "Reading of cures by Dodd's Kidney Pills I decided to give them a  trial. I took a dozen boxes in all and  you can see how they helped me. I  recommend Dodd's Kidney Pills to all  suffering women."  Dodd's Kidney Pills are suffering  woman's best friend.  Dr. Borger. assistant director of  the Fasieur institute in Batavia, one  of the-greatest hygienists of the day,  has succumbed to plague while conducting experiments with a view to  combating the dire inroads of that  fell epidemic. Dr. Borger has conducted himself with a heroism equal  to that of any proud possessor of a  V.C.  ', *  A Wonderful Medicine  For Children  Mrs. Geo. Huffman, Willing'ton,  Ont., writes: "I have used Baby's  .Own Tablets and can recommend  them as a wonderful medicine for  children. 1 am the mother of five and  have used no other medicine for any  of them." Thousands of other mothers say the same.thing of the Tablets. That is why once a mother has  used them for her little ones she  would use nothing else. The Tablets  are sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 "cents a box from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockvil'.'p,  Ont.   '   .  In spite of the common idea that  crows do nothing but caw, the old  augurers recognized no less than 05  intonations of the raven's voice, each  with its special significance. From  Ihe i*inglng "Hauls! rahk! rahk!  ���������rank!" of the hooded crow, the  Swedes have borrowed their fierce  cheer, the finest battle cry possessed  by any people.  W. N. U. 1091  ���������To Every Soldier a Full Sixty-cent Box  Free���������Greatly Appreciated- by the Boys.  s  Realizing that ointment, is one of tlie prime necessities to the soldier, both in training- and at the front, i^was early decided to supply  all Canadian recruits' free of charge.  That this offer was'appreciated by the military authorities is best  evidenced by some of the replies received.from Headquarters, as .well  as from individual camps.  Brigadier-Gen. Sir Sam Hughes wrote:���������  "This is indeed a most useful and acceptable donation, and for which please accept  my most sincere thanks."  Licut.-Col. Murphy, in charge of Val-  cartier Camp, wrote :���������"I would bo very  glad to receive donation of Dr. Chase's Ointment, and feel sure it would be acceptable."  One Major reports :���������"The Ointment arrived on the day the Battery completed 24  miles route march on foot, and I can assuro  you the Ointment was very beneficial, and  much appreciated by those with sore feet."  For the 31st Regiment, Owen Sound,  Q.M. Sergt. Miller writes :���������"I have been  directed by Col. Chisholm to tender to you  our hearty thanks for your splendid gift ot  Dr. Chase's Ointment to the members of the  Overseas Contingent. I can assure you it  was appreciated by the men, and if the quantity had been doubled we would have had  a hard time to save a box. Tho men swear  by it."  From Xiagara Camp Q.M. Sergt. O. M".  Stevenson writes for the 37th Battalion :���������  "The Ointment has been distributed among  the boys of our company, and is highly appreciated by them. I assure you that they*  will find it very useful both here and at tho  front."  Further distributions of Dr. Chase's Ointment will be made to the  recruits assembling for training at the various towns and cities  throughout the country. Officers in charge are requested to advise us  liow many boxes they can use, allowing one for each man. In a score oil  wavs this Ointment is useful to the soldier, and it is our desire that  every man shall be supplied free of charge. Address Edmanson, Bates  & Co., Ltd., Toronto.  FIVE TQUSUm filUPENt  frW^My--' Su&p'y for ���������vU^T--^":8rHlsh  S.ojdters Ujipn;tj^Ift'.jr'etft?'  'Jijndon.^ebV.lO'^An.^eyewitness''.  at the!' British 'geaei'ar lirmy. bead-  Quarters ria. France' pays' a tribute in  an* article.'.gtYea out-.yesterday.'by the  Official Press .^Bureau ".to* the work" of  tb.e army' supply defciirtments..' Ha  oall's.the'Ordnance -Department a  "military '.^nive.I?..1^���������.^rpYi,rte.I���������.,/ He  tfaya-ta-.pitrt:1^- ...     ���������  ���������' Toe V&staeis -QC.ta1T*i7ork'of maintaining'.a* modem, army may bo gauged --by. the/faot,. *hat ..during the past  niohth the .spjpplfe-furnisaed included 45<f miles of telephone wire, C?.0,-  000 Banc} bag������. and -l^-OOO pounds of  ehoe blacWh-r, while la tea days the  Ordnance Department, supplied -120,-  000 for ���������v.-aistcoatij-'and 300,000 flannel '���������beUs. Thi^ average weekly ^s-  Eue ot olatmeStlor- feet. isjgve ton3.  , "YTae complexity ot toe worK" Js'ITCub,  -{rated fcy 'the fact that the Index oJ.  the stores' inJcluue 60,000 separata  kinds of articles. ��������� Moat of these stili  are obtained frewn England, but eoaia  are toeing manufactured by the Ordnance Department lu .}& own ^vork-  6bo������s lu ������Franca,  ! UflKKji *&���������!*���������'  r7Wttu^rau!hY..-3UJUw'������.i.:h9w.<,j'i"vi.UiC-s������N.u,w!s������^^ .Jir.-.-.irt.v.^M.i-.-^I/.ai-ij.i.rv.^iiur.Mtiw"**^.-^ ���������.Teis^c.iiii^i^x^iiir.'.itly.-tM.ainvit.ii.-.zi. WflWPgWIHBaggBB  ���������'.rrr;*"-r."lr*s~r" t,t- ~^^-���������^^n^^w.^.ig������^ujaft^^>i������-^w������Jwa^^ -  THE   SUN,    J-RAND   FORKS,    B. 0.  Faults  3a*S*e*--'^?t-,?>-lA"'^>;  ������������������fti'HT-.  ,''Hr-  riot, wo will fra'lkly  will run cor-  actly.  toll you so.  Does your watch run  correctly? Jf you experience any clidicul-  ty with it, leave it  wilh us. Wc will  give it an expert examination. If it needs  repairs we can supply them at a moderate cost, If it does  A watch repaired by us  I. D, MORRISON JEWELER-OPT,CIAN  GRANDFORKS, Q. C.  ������1t? (&tmh Mntkz Bun  G. A.  EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in. Canada arid Great Britain) 81.00  ������no Year (in the United States)      1 50  Address all communications to  Tin* Gkand Fokks Sun,  1'iroxE 1171 Gi'AXo Foj*ks,,B. C.  FRIDAY, APRIL 28,  191G  The rebellion in Ireland will undoubtedly  liavo the eff'ett of depriving that counliy of  home rule for a great many generations.  It is supposed that Villa is still alive. But  he is in hiding, both in the mountains of Mexico and on the inside pages ofthe daily papers.  The British member of parliament receiving  pay as army or navy officer must choose be-  twp*15^ raid his sessional indemnity, whereas  in Ganada he grabs both and  everything else  in sight.  - The Ancient Infantryman  He was a man of the 1st B. C  (And he stopped one ofthe three).  "By thy grizzly beard and thy B.C. badge,  Now wherefore stoppeth- thou me?"  "I have a tale to unfold and it must be told,  So just listen till I get through;  Those others can wait till a later date,  But you, my friend, are- new. *.  "So tarry a while and 'can' that smile,  For this is a time for weeps;  Most attentive be and listen to mo  While I tell you the story of Ypres."  But he wouldn't stay, and he broke away;  He'd be blowed if he'd remain,   *  For  I've  heard   that yarn and I'll 'be gol-  darned  If I'll listen to it again.  All honor be said to the glorious dead,  And the wonderful stand they made,  But it's past its prime and it's nearly time  That the ghost of the was laid.  So wait for your praise till the halcyon days  When for Canada you set sail;  You'll be there with the best,so give us a rest,  For it's stale, old man, damn stale.  -L. McKinnon  in   The Listening Post, published at the front.  hi  Many a   girl  imagines  that  her heart   is  oken when her liver is out of order.  Buried away on inside pages of Tory papers  a couple of days ago was a news item from  Regina announcing the fact that four members of the'legislature of Saskatchewan had  been completely exonerated by the royal commission. The four men in question had been  mentioned as among those who accepted  bribes from the liquor interests, but tho commissioners found that no evidence had been  brought against them.  Beware of the chap who always agrees with  you. Sooner or later he will have .an axe to  grind and want you to turn the grindstone.  "All is vanity," said the late Mr. Solomon,  and every photographer knows the old king  was I'io'ht.  The 'pessimist has a chronic case of indigestion.   ���������  The fearless editor may offend and lose a  subscriber, but if he isright, in the end he will  gain twelve. Ho may lose one advertiser, but  if he is right he will gain five thereby. If he  tries to ride all the horses in the field he will  be unhorsed by each of them.. The editor  should follow his earnest well-eonside.ied convictions, and the man that he should labor to  please is himself. If he does this with ability  and without fear or favor, he will have a  greater following and better support than he  who trims his sails to every changeable breeze  and, without chart or compass, principle or  pupose, drifts aimlessly about with every  every shifting tide.  A girl who chummy with   her  mother  manage  to  chaperon.  get  along  can  pretty well without a  Companies Formed to Work Laurier Mines  The successful operation of the Laurier  mine has evidently encouraged others to do  more active mining in the Laurier camp.  Among the new companies which have filed  articles of incorporation with the secretary of  state a.ie the following:  Laurier Mother Lode Mining company, of  Spokane, capital $150,000. The trustees are  Wm. A. Pfeifer, A. I. Switzer, H. T. Kipp, D.  F. Hallahan and Win. Aiselin.  Copper Knob Mining company- of Spokane.  $10,000 capital. W. W. Stevens, Harry I-iix,  Jacob S. -Myers, J". T. Brunskill and E. O.  Connor are the incorporators.  These companies are organized to operate  promising mining properties located on Huckleberry mountain, near the Laurier mine, in  Ferry county.���������Republic Journal.  Iiiverview Creamery, at Ferry, is making arrangements to move to Midway, just over the  line into Canada. This move is deemed expedient at this time, after a year or more in  testing of marketing conditions effecting their  butter and ice cream trade. The bulk of their  trade was with the payroll communities of  (irand Fork's, Greenwood, Phoenix, Kossland,  Trail and Nelson, and the war has made the  customs duties so great that it was "considered  far more economical to poy duty on American  cream than on the manufactured butter.  About ISO attended the annual meeting of  Greenwood Riding Liberal association at  Rock Creek last Thursday evening. More  would have been in attendance if more autos  had been available. The following officers  were elected: Honorary president, H. C.  Brewster, M.L.A.; honorary vice-president,  Dr. J. D. MacLean; president, R. W. Taylor;  first vice-president, James Kerr; second  vice-president, D- McPherson; secretary-  treasurer, C. P. Charlton. Executive committees were appointed for every part of the  riding. Speeches were delivered' by Messrs.  Thompson and MacLean, the opposition candidates in the Boundary ridings.���������Greenwood  Ledge.  The British Columbia Copper company is  putting in a pole line from Copper mountain  to the cement plant in East Princeton in order  to obtain electric power.  The man who hesitates may   find it too late  to act.  We shall never sheathe the sword until Belgium, recovers in full measure all, and more  than all, that she has sacrificed, until France  is adequately secured against the menace of  aggression, until the rights of the smaller nationalities of Europe are placed upon an unassailable foundation, and until the military  domination of Prussia is wholly and finally'  destroyed.��������� Premier Asquith.  Ignorance of the law excuses   no   one���������unless he has a pull.  The performance ofthe Coorniavsky musicians at the Empress theatre last Friday night  "*as not very largely attended.  Tlie Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand "Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch-home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  Before buying your GARDEN  GRASS  Or FIELD GRAIN don't fail to see.us.  We can save you moneys..- -,- -'-"  TTT^  o.  G  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  xSaS*"  vy?  In your favor is good printing,  it starts things off in your favor.  People Tead your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when at-  tractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of printing, let us  show you. It's a. certainty, that  we can save you money, too.  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  alt Lioal n  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Sture  TKIiKTHONKSi  oi'i-M. i:, iiui ffrsf NfPPPt  II ANHK.N'S UKSIJiESCK., IC." ! "'i  d" "CI  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Pigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours  at  the  ode  ���������i  ���������am  iivery  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Stree  reet  John Winminnkcr savs in .Judicious!  Advertising: "Ad veiling doesn't;  jdi-k; it pulls. It bt'ni'is \-ory gently !  at -first, but the pull is steady.     It in-  PaysforTlie  ut ������������������,���������., uuu ...���������,.- ���������.v.   ,,���������.-,   -.      h^W   sim   for   an  creases day by day and year   by yew, ��������� entire year.   It is the brightest  until it exerts an irresistible  po "er." ' paper in the Boundary coiutry  mamRmmmm&mmMmmmtMBMmaaaiamammtotiam  mmmmmB&m A  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORES,   B. C  CASCADE NEWS  lie v.   M.   D.   McKee,   of   Grand  Forks,,held'an Easter Sunday after  noon service here.  John Donaldson, of1 Columbia,  with Mrs. A. U: Burr and the Misses  Munro, motored to Cascade on Sunday.  Miss Alvyn Nutt left on'Wednes  day to vfsit her sister, Mrs. C. H.  Brooks, of Baynes Lake', B.C.,whose  husband enlisted last week in the  Fernie section of the 225th.  ���������Mrs. Irving Spiuks has returned  from a week's visit to Grand  Forks.  Mrs. Randall, of Spokane, has returned home after a week's stay with  her aunt, Mrs. D. D. Ferguson, of  Christina Lake.  Miss Geuelle,. of Midway, arrived  here on Friday for a visit.  James ' Bqurke   was   a   visitor to  Grand Forks Wednesday and Thurs  day, .and   J. Hodgen. visited  here  the same days.  D. P. Barlow, with son anu  daughter, from Deep Creek, were in  town Saturday.  Mrs. J. A. Bertois left on Saturday lor a short visit to Spokane.  D. Rennie has gone.to Edgewood  after a week's stay with Mr. and  Mrs. G. Nutt,  I. R. Poole, of   Nelson,   Secretary  of the Mountain Lumbermen's ast-o  eiation, was here .Friday..  Mr. and Mrs. Pallett and child, of  Nelson, have arrived to make a  home here.  stunted  remove  treat as above.  all   the  fruit   and  The time is rapidly approaching  when it will he .too late- to apply the  dormant spray to your fruit trees.  ' As soon as tbe soil is dry. enough  to. cultivate loosen the top layer.  This will help to kill weeds,conserve  moisture and liberate plant food.  The Sun, at $1 a year, is superior  to any'$2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we already have.  Yale Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  SOUR,,ACID STOMACHS.  GASES OR INDIGESTION  Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  grains food, ending all stomach  misery in five minutes.  i ""^���������������*������������������������������������  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion^  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas; acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's  Diapepsin  is  noted   for its  speed  in  regulating upset  stomachs.  It Is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides i  is harmless.    Put an end to stomach  trouble   forever   by   getting   a   large  fifty-cent   case   of   Pape's   Diapepsin  from any drug store.   You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach  disorder.     It's  the  quickcs*  suresi,   and   most   harmless   stom-u-  doctor in' the world.  The Sun  is tbe   largest and   best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is   only   one-  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its   large   subscription    list  has been. obtained,   and   is   maintained,   merely on its   merits  as a  newspaper.    It uses   no indirect  or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  P. A.   Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  CORRECT ENGLISH  HOW TO DSE IT  Josephine Turck Baker, Editor.  A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For Progressive Men and Women,  Business and Professional; Club  Women, Teachers, Students, Ministers, Doctors, Lawyers, Stenographers, and for all who wish to  Speak and Write Correct English.  PARTIAL LIST OF. CONTENTS  Corp.   R.   A.   Thompson,  of  the:  Grand Forks section of   the   225th, !  ��������� ���������- ������.WI,muo  was here from Saturday till Monday Your Every Day   Vocabulary���������How   -  to enlarge it.  Have you scraped the loose rough j Words,   Their   Meanings   and   Their  bark   off  the   trunks of  your older      Uses���������Pronunciations   with   illus-  ���������   j j    . i    ,i   .. trative sentences,  trees and destroyed all   the. cocoons , ��������� ,     c    0     ,  J j Helps tor speakers,  under it?   If not, do so now. ���������'Helps for Writers.  ��������� Helps for Teachers.  What   do  you   need to spray for  pusine.ssJEnglisb for the Business Man  this spring, and when?    If you   do  not  know,   consult   your   local   in  spector. ,  When  a tree is not   in   a   thrifty  c 'ndition examine it closely.    If no  cause can be found for   its condition  phice   a   few   wheelbarrow   loads of  well rotted manure around   it, work  it into the soil, and see that   it gets  plenty of moisture.    If it was loaded  with   fruit   last  year  and made no  growth   try  thinning   the fruit and  adding  plant   food   and water this  year.   Where the tree is very badly  Correct English for the Beginner.  Correct English for the Advanced Pu-  pil. ...',.     *  Shall and Will:   How to   Use  Them.  Should and Would: How to Use Them  Sample Copy 10c.    Subscription Price  $2 00 a Year.  Evanston, Illinois.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture.  Made   to  Order.   ���������  ^     Also Repairing of all Kinds.  . Upholstering Neatly Done.  RCMcCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVENUE  THE  Lady Barber  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)  Enables traders throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS |  in each classof goods. Besides being a complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  m  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  EXPORT MERCHANTS  e Goods they ship, and the >  ���������eign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  Dealers in  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fisfi and Poultry  Our cTWotto: "Quality^ and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  H. W. Breen. ^Manager  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of lead jiig Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers  seeking  Agencies   can    advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertise  mentsfrom $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  I o J J J o  :es  Get "More Money" for your Fox~���������  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yoar section  SHIP YOUUFUnSPIKECT to "SHUBEHT'-the larjjcst  Douse in the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe KurHouse with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a lonjr successful record of Mending Fur Shippers prompt .SATISFACTORY  AN'I) HRttl'TTABLIC returns. Write for "Cut fefmbrrt Sfiitiptr,"  the only reliable, ai-curnte market report and price list published.  Write for H-NOW-ifiH FKEE  A R ^HTIRFRT i������r- 25-27 west Austin ave.  .������.. ������>. OflUDC<I\J, inc. D0PtC87 CHICAGO,U.S.A.  The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read by the head of  tbe family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TA!':,l.,y0,-rrmren*\irs  to   Armsori. M>on  ���������    Pftlror.     The   Hub.    Look  for  the  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  JJIG.HK.ST CASH PRK*KS paid for old Stove-  "n,rS,;!,re,!"ntrt,S-    '" C"  *'���������������*"--������������������������   *���������������-������������������������������  ssunng  usmess  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced,  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping at a competitor's.  New customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Your competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  B  H  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe it to yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to' shop where you  are invited to"shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never- solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience,  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop ��������� "������������������ Wm/MW.'wv.ivAi+i.Kri.Atti.*.  i- uu>,J>>) *>������*ij  jUlll.S-LJI.i.J.iai.rt.-UtJ.U  iffiHE   SUN.   GRAND   FORKS,   B. a  B-.i  H  The'beef of a whole bullock is required to .make  a dozen bottles of Bovril. You can safely reduce  butchers' bills if you use Bovril in soups and stews.  But���������it must be Bovril, in the Bovril bottle. No  substitute will do. The strength and nourish-,  ment of*-Bovril cannot be compressed into cheap  cubes.  Cholera In Volcanoes  PERFECTION RAZOR PASTE  ���������TUT Sharpen your Razor Better end Quicker  khan can be done In any other tvay. Lasts a  Lifetime. Satisfaction guaranteed or money  refunded post free 25 cents pony Razor  Strops 75 cents, o. K. Strops 51.BO���������Beat  IHade.���������Canada Hone Co., tVawanesa. Manl>  loba. Canada.  Milk Used For Hun Bombs  The Daily Mail lias recently published a rebuttal of the German claim  that their babies are without milk, citing a recent German census of milk  cows, which shows, it says, that if the  output were used for babies instead of  conversion into nitroglycerine, ^-there  would be no lack now. It also quotes  the Koelnische Zeitung and the Voiles  Zeitung to the effect that milch cows  are being slaughtered as a provision  against the raea. shortage as further  proof that the outcry about a shortage of milk for babies is a fraud.  Minard's  jheria.  Liniment     Cures     Dipti.-.  Gold Deposits Increase  A very substantial increase in both  the number and value of deposits at  the Vancouver assay office is shown'  in the figures for 1915 as compared  with the totals for 1014. The increase in the number of deposits was  789, while the increase in value was  $707,051. These figures deal entirely  with deposits of gold bullion. In value  British Columbia contributed in 1914,  ?l,10r>,489.01, and in 1915, $1,311,-  989.80. Yukon Territory, $91 ,9144.44  in 1914, and $1,148,490.6:! in 1915. Alberta sent $51.1.50 in 19:14 and $1,-  925.94 in 1915.  Too many women struggle  under pains and aches.  They are not sick���������but weak,  nervous, irritable.  Such women need that blood-  strength that comes by taking  SCOTT'S EMULSION. It also  strengthens the nerves, aids the appetite and checks the decline.  If wife Or mother tire cosily  or look run down, SCOTT'S  EMULSION will build her ap.  SHUN SUBSTITUTES.  I4-U  9wm*w.MYiiM.m>jmjwu*wmm*mm  W. N. U. 1091  Strange       Superstitions      Associated  With' This Dreaded  Disease  Cholera has usually found a useful  ally in' superstition. .In the olden  days the disease was believed to lie  bottled t>p in volcanoes and to be released by eruptions. The most effec-  utal way to avoid it was to sleep in  bed with your head due south. In Russia during the terrible epidemic six  years ago, the peasants would not  trust the doctors whom they actually  accused of causing the disease, but  drank a fearful mixture of tar, resin  and petroleum as preventives, and  fired guns from the doors and windows to scare the cholera away.  Rooks were the birds whose con  duct in connection with cholera was  observed in Ireland in 1832. According to the contemporary 'Dublin  Morning Register,' immediately the  cholera came all tho birds vanished  from the rookery in the Marquess of  Sligo's demesne, one of the largest  in Ireland. "For three weeks, during  which the disease raged violently,  these noisy tenants of the trees completely deserted their lofty habitations. In the meantime the -revenue  police found immense numbers ot  them lying dead upon the shore hear  Erris,  about ten miles  distant."  Russo-Japanese Alliance  Czar Senas  Decorations  For the  Emperor and Empress  The Russian press emphasized the  political importance of the visit? to  Japan of Grank Duke George Michael-  ovitch, who is the bearer of decorations for the Emperor and Empress of  Japan from Emperor Nicholas. Tbe  grand duke, it is said, is improving  the opportunity to express Russia's  friendship for Japan.  The Novo Vremya says tho Russian  government feels the deepest gratitude  to Japan for the valuable assistance  during the present war. This was  shared fully by the Russian people,  and will not be without effect, the  newspaper say, on the future relations between the two nations.  The Bourse Gazette says that now  grounds for a Russo-Japanese rap-  roachment liave been opened by * tho  attitude of Japan and that the idea.of  an alliance lias gained fresh support,  ihe Golos RussKy asserts that the  Russian people desire the ties to develop into an actual alliance.  Worms in children, if they be not  attended to, cause convulsions, and  often death. Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator will protect the children from these distressing afflictions.  Horse Sale Distemper  You know that what you sell or buy through tlie sales  lias about'one chunce In lifty to oseapo SALE STABLE  DISTEMPER. "SPOHN'S" is /-your true protc-cLion, your  only safeguard, for as sure as yon I vent nil your horses  with it, you will soon bo rid of tho disease. .It acta us a.  bure preventive, no matter how they are "exposed." Tjy  the bottle, or dozen bottles, at all druggists, horsso goods  houses  or  delivered  by   the  mtiniifai-turfvs.  SPOHN   MEDICAL  CO.,  Chemists and  Bacteriologists. Goshen,  Ind., U.S.A.  Privileges  A charitable'lady, was reading the  Old Testament to an aged woman  who lived at the homo for old people,  and chanced upon the passage concerning  Solomon's  household.  "Had Solomon really seven hundred  wives?" inquired the old woman, after reflection.  "Oh, yes, Mary! It is so stated in  the Bible."  "Lor', mum," was the comment  "what privileges them early Christians had!"  Joint and Muscle Pains  Banished by Nerviline  IT CURES RHEUMATISM  . Thousands of people, chuck full ol  the joy, of living���������happy, glad, bright  people, that Nerviline lias cured ol  their pains, all tell the same wonder-  fur story of its powers to drive out  the aches and tortures "of "rheumatism"  "and kindred ills.  "My goodness,    but   Nerviline is a  miracle worker,"    writes  Mrs.  Charlotte  Chipman,     mother    of a  well-,  known    family    residing    at    Mount]  Pleasant.   "Last month I was so crippled  up  with  sciatica  and  muscular  rheumatism as to be almost unable to  do   a  bit  of  housework.     My  joints  were     so  stiff  and  the  muscles  so  frightfully sore that I. even-cried at  times  with, the .pain.    For yaa-'s we  have used Nerviline in our family and  I just got busy  with  this  wonderful  good  old  liniment.    Lots  of rubbing  with Nerviline soon relieved my misery and I was  in a real short time  about my work as usual."  No matter where the ache is, no  matter how distressing the pain you  can rub .it away with Nerviline. For  forty years it has been curing lumbago, sciatica, backache, colds, chest  trouble and all sorts of winter ills.  Keep a large 50c family size bottle  handy and you'll be saved lots of  trouble and have smaller doctor bills.  Small trial size 25c at dealers everywhere.' "-  Horse Won a War Medal  A Russian artillery horse won a  bronze medal at Plevna. Orders  were given for some .ammunition  wagons to be hurried to a spot that  meant crossing the enemy's zone of  rire. All the time shells were crashing among the horses, bringing them  down in heaps aud frightening such  as escaped.  Times without, number did the  Russian drivers, sparing neither  whip nor spur, attempt to urge the  horses forward, but they stood cowed  and shivering with fright. Some were  blindfolded; but the effect was the  same, and , only one horse showed  any willingness to go.  '���������'���������Thereupon the driver jumped down,  audi cutting the .'traces of the: other  horses, drove the willing. one at full  gallop through the fire.  The wagon passed through without exploding, and after the- war the  horse was decorated in the manner  described and the driver promoted.  THE AGONIES  Nerve Trouble,   Always  Due to Weak, Watery  Blood  TAKE NOTICE  We publish simple, straight testimonials, not press agents' interviews,  from weir known people.  From all over America they testify  to the merits of MINARD'S .LINIMENT, the best of Household Remedies..  MINARD'S   LINIMENT   CO.,   LTD.  is  gen-  theological  with?"  "What became  of  that  student you used to chum  "Gone to the bad."  "You don't tell me���������"  "Yes; he's doing mission work in  tough neighborhood in New York."  There is nothing repulsive in Miller's Worm Powders, aud they are as  pleasant to take as sugar, so that few  children will refuse them. In some  cases they cause vomiting through  their action in an unsound stomach,  but litis is only a manifestation of  their cleansing power, no indication  that they are hurtful. They can be  thoroughly depended upon to clear all  worms from the system.  in  the   North  moose being killed  north,  Much   Came  The number of  this season in the country  northwest and northeast of Edmonton  exceeds the records of all previous  years. Fifty-one carcasses have been  shipped to Edmonton from a single  siding in the north country.  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures Garget in  Tower  to    the  Parrot Sentinels on   Eiffel  Birds have    been enlisted  secret service of the air.  They have become useful in Europe as sentries to warn men of the  approach of the enemy before the  hostile force is perceptible to the  human eye. The French have found  that parrots are acutely sensitive to  the presence of aircraft, and therefore they have statioued a number  of these birds on the top of the  Eiffel Tower, in Paris, in order to  warn tlie sentries of the approach  of German Taubes. Before the craft  is visible to the human eye the birds  bristle with excitement and then begin to scroech. Their actiteness is  due not to their eyesight, as one  might suppose, but to an unusual  acutoness of hearing, which enables  them thus to give a valuable warning.  Germans Have Lots of Shel  Though the Germans are now  erally given three shells by us for  every one they fire, they occasionally  attain their old standard of prodigality. ��������� A day or two ago, says a correspondent, they replied to a bombardment of their lines near Pilkem  by pouring 3,000 shells on to our positions there between 10.30 a.m. and  1 p.m., but fortunately they did us  comparatively   little   damage.  Canadian Thoroughbreds in Demand  The highest price ever paid in Canada for an Angus bull of his age was  realized by Glencarnock Ensign, raised at Brandon, Manitoba, who has  just been sold to a prominent stockman of North Dakota for fifteen hundred dollars. He is the second high-  priced animal from Brandon district  sold to United States expert stockman recently.  NO "FRILLS"  Just a  Statement  About. Food  Only those who have been attacked  with neuralgia can form the faintest  idea    of what its victims  suffer.    A  tingling of   the teuder skin, a sharp  sudden stab from some angry nerve;  then piercing paroxysms of pain that  is neuralgia. The cause of the trouble  is disordered nerves,    due   to   weak,  watery blood.    Tho   cure is Dr.. Williams' Pink   Pills, which make new,  rich,  red  blood,  and  thus  sooth  ana  strengthen the disordered nervess and  cure    neuralgia.    Mr. ��������� Louis  Martin,  Mildmay, Ont, says:    "I am writing  to let you know the great benefit Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills have been to me.  Two     years    ago  I  was  a  physical  wreck.   My nerves were all unstrung  and I suffered  tortures  from neuralgia, in the head and throughout the  nervous system generally.  I was  almost unfit for work,  and  only managed to get along with the greatest  difficulty.    I doctored  for about five,  months  and in  this  time  took over  forty dollars' worth of medicine without any benefit. 'More, I was actually  growing worse, and finally had to take  to my bed. .My nerves got so bad that  I could not turn over in bed without  help and the pain was something awful.   As I am a, farmer you can easily  see  that necessary work was  being  neglected, so I sent for a-brother .who  was  in  Alberta,  to come    and take  charge of tho work.   When my brother  arrived he at once  urged me to  try Dr.  Williams*  Pink  Pills,  telling  me of some cures that had come under his observation.   I got half a dozen  boxes, and  before  they  were all  gone there was no  coubt they were  helping me.   Altogether I used nine  boxes of the Pills and.  by that time  I was a well man, and it is impossible  to  say bow thankful I was  for my  release from pain."  You can get Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  from any dealer in medicine or by  mail, postpaid, at 50 cents a box or  six boxes for $2.50, from The Dr."Williams' Medicine  Co., Brockville,  Ont.  about your digestive*  troubles, sick headache,  tired feeling or constipation.  The depression that induces  worry is probably due to a  disordered liver, anyway.  Correct stomach ailments  at once by promptly taking  They aid digestion, regulate  the bile, gently stimulate  the liver, purify the blood  and clear the bowels of all  waste matter. Safe, sure,  speedy. . Acting both as a  gentle laxative and a tonic,  Beecham's Pills help to  Largest Sale of Any Medicine in tho World/  Sold everywhere.   la boxes, 25 cents.  Cook's ���������������ttoa Roof &mpom&  A safe, reliable rcnulatincf.  Medicine. Sold in thrco ds-|  grrees of strength. No. 1,  $1; No. 2, 53; No. 3, 55  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid .in plain- package on  receipt of price. Kree  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK MEDICINE C*>J  I0B0UTO. OUT. (FixBuib Wit&w.)  AGENTS  Wanted in every town and village,  to take orders for the best Made-to-  Measure    Clothing in  Canada.   Good  commissions.    Magnificent Samples.  CROWN TAILORING CO.,  Canada's Best Tailors, Toronto.  Sometimes a good, healthy commercial traveler suffers from poorly selected food and is lucky if he learns  that Grape-Nuts food will put him  right.  A traveling man writes "About a  year ago my stomach got in a 'bad  way. I had a headache most of the  time and suffered misery. For several  months I ran down until I lost about  70 pounds in weight and" finally had  to give up a good position and go  home. Any food that I might u=:e  scorned to nauseate me.  "My wife, hardly knowing what to-  do, one day brought home a package  of Grape-Nuts food "and coaxed ms to  try it. I told her it was no use but  finally to humor her I tried a little  and they just struck my taste. It  was teh first food that I had eaten in  nearly a year that did not cause any  suffering."   .  ''Well, to make a long story short, I  began to improve and stuck to Grape-  Nuts. I went up from 135 pounds in  December to 19-1 potiuds the following October.  "My brain is claar, blood all right  and appetite too much for any man's  pocketbook. In fact, I am thoroughly  made over and owe it all to Grape-  N'uts. I talk so much about what  Grape-Nuts will do that some of the  men on tlie road have nicknamed me  'Grape-Nuts,' but I stand today a  healthy, rosy cheeked man���������a pretty  good example of what the right kind  of food will do.  "You can publish this if you want  ro. Jt is a true statement without anv  frills."  Name given by Canadian Postum  Co., Windsor, Ont.  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  Interest  Knew What  He Wanted  During the ./recent fighting along  the banks of 'the Aisne a man was  badly wounded. The ambulance corps  tenderly placed him on a stretcher.  "Take him to the hospital," said  the man in charge.  Slowly the wounded man opened  his  eyes  and  whispered   faintly-  "What's the matter with the canteen?"  Countless have been . the cures  worked by Holloway's Corn Cure. It  has a power of its own not found in  other preparations.  Working Day and Night  Flour mills at Calgary are working  night and day on war orders for flour.  The Calgary mills are now -completing  orders for 20,000 barrels of flour for  France, and there are still large British orders to fill. The mills have orders which will keep them working on  the war contracts for months to come.  is  So you think a college education  a good thing for a boy?"  "Yes. I think it's a. pretty good  thing. Fits him for something in life.  If he can't catch on with a baseball  team he can often land a job as a professor."  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDY. N<rt. No2.N���������3.  THERAPION KStuM:  great success, cures chronic weakness, i.osr vicior  & VIM, KIDNKY, ULADDER. UISKASKS. ULOOI) POISON,  PILES. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS Or MAIL SI. POST ���������! CIS  POUGERA Co. 90, BKEKMAN ST. NEW YORK or LYMAN BROS  TORONTO.    WRITE POR FREE BOOK TO DR. LK Cl-i-RC  Med. Co, UavekstockRd. hampstead, London, eng.  TRYNEWDRAGEK'TASTHLKSS) FORMOK    KASy TO ���������jakj.  SAKE AND  LASTING CORK.  SEES THAT TRADE MARKED WORD  ,THKRAP10N" JS OH  BUT. GOVT.STAMP AFFIXED TO ALL GENUINE PACKSTS,  Logging   Camps   Are   Busy  Unusual activity is prevailing in  the British Columbia logging camps  for this season of the year on account  of unabated demand for British Columbia lumber. Camps which usually  close down temporarily i" December  are working to full capacity.  There's no use putting- on liniments ami  plasters to cure that ache in your hips or bad:  ���������the trouble is inside. Your kidneys are out  of order. GIN' PILLS go right to tlie cause  ofthe backache and heal and regulate the  kidney and bladder action. Then you get  relief, permanent relief !  Many a man and woman who has been  doubled up with shooting' pains iu the bad:  having to stop work and lie down to get a little  relief, has found new healthy and comfort in  A Thorough Pill.���������To clear the  stomach and bowels of impurities and  irritants is necessary when their action is irregular. The Pills that will  do this work thoroughly are Parme-  lee's Vegetable Pills, which are mild  in action but mighty in results. They  purge painlessly and effectively, and  work a permanent cure. They can be  used without fear by the most delicately constituted, as there are no  painful effects preceding their gentle  operation.  The Fine Canadian Breed  The Canadians have a right to be  proud of themselves. They have  shown readiness to enlist, zeal in  training, fine vigor and courage in  fighting. Voltaire's "few acres of  snows" are a nation full of fire. There  are nearly 120,000 Canadian soldiers  in Europe. There have been 212,000  enlistments, The first 250,000 is almost complete. There are 50,000 already on the firing line. The government calls for 250,000 more, and will  get them. A hardy, rosy, "fit" set of  fellows those Canadian youngsters.  The old breed in the new environment  has  improved.���������New York Times.  KIDNEYS  Two boxescompIelelycurcdArnoldMcAsUell,  of LowerSelnia, N'.S. "I have never had any  trouble with my back since," he say--.  If you have a lame back���������-or any fiffn of  Kidney trouble���������get GIN PILLS to-day iiinl  start the cure working'. 50c. a box, m.*: boxe.*  for $2.50���������and every" box guaranteed to jrivis  satisfaction or your money back. Trial treatment tree if you write  National Drug & Chemical  .Co. of Canada, Limited  Toronto       ���������       Ont. 13  /  smmmmmamm  mmmmmmm uTHE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B.C,"
Mobilize British Women
Sir Rider Haggard is Making a World Tour With the Object of
Investigating the Opportunities for Empire Building at
The   Conclusion  of  the   War ��� ���������     .
Sir Rider Haggard has left England on a trip around the world, wi'h
a mission from the Royal Colonial Institute to investigate the chances of
empire-building after the war. His
plan, hacked by the institute and its
important officials, including Lord
Curzon, is to prevent the emigration
to foreign countries of soldiers and
their families after the war, and to
direct steady streams of these war
veterans to the British colonies���
South Africa, Australia, New Zealand,
Canada, and tlie many insular colonies
���thus recruiting the population with a
sturdy and intelligent class, "and holding them within, tlie British empire.
Jt is the latest pht.se of the imperial
movement, which seeks to bind together the Mother Country and the
oversea dominions into a vast confederacy.
While he is one of ".he interesting
literary figures of England, lie is besides a justice of the peace ,of his
home town in Norfolk and a student
on land settlement, unemployment,
and agriculture, and this qualification
led to his choice as commissioner.
lie will go first to South Africa, then
eastward to the Straits Settlements,
Australia, Xew Zealand, and will be in
tho United States and Canada next
summer or fall, going from the Pacific
to the Atlantic.
"1 am going to inquire," said Sir
' Rider, ."into tho possibilities of tlie
British empire, with reference to land
settlement, and employment of ex-service men after the war. It is obvious
that, during the turmoil and change of
conditions resulting from so great a
struggle, a large number of men will
become dissatisfied with their former
"J am going merely to inquire and
report and to form my own conclusions from what I sec. That, T think,
is a useful work, since it is foolish to
put off sucli investigations till the war
ends, when there would be great difficulty in dealing with the'matter. Indeed, the problem of land settlement
is one which cannot be tackled in a
hurry. My conclusions will be embodied in my report to the Royal Colonial Institute, and perhaps in a book
on the landed and other- resources of
the empire." Referring to the class
of war veterans who would go out to
replenish ihe colonial empire, Sir Rider said: "Such men as arc being considered as possible emigrants would,
of course, taken as a whole, be ot the
very highest class, soldiers and sailors
who had been under discipline and
shown themselves to posses the best
qualities of manhood. Any portion of
the colonies should bo proud to sec
such men and their womankind arrive
as an addition to their population, and
I am quite sure many parts of the
empire will welcome them. There is
another thing I am sure will result,
that tlie empire will cease to be so
fond of admitting Germans and other
foreigners within its gates, and will
prefer  to  stick  to  Anglo-Saxons."
From Dream to Reality
Aviation no Longer Considered Experimental, but an Actual Factor in    '
Modern Public Service
Aeroplane mail-carrying is now
recognized by, the, . United; States
Postmaster-General, ' and makers of
aeroplanes ���*> and hydroplanes are invited to tender on carrying the mails
on some important coast routes. The
announced objects of the innovation
aro the-improvement of the service
and the .development of the science
of aviation. One route; selected in
Southern Massachusetts, from New
Bedford across, Buzzard's Bay and
Nantucket" Sound to Nantucket, stopping twice on -intervening islands, is
about ,56 miles., Two-hours, are allowed for the trip. Thirteen . return
trips per week, are required for the
four summer months,'and six week.
Jy trips during the remainder of the
year. The" weight .limit is 3,000
pounds, and the hours of starting and
arriving are specified. In Alaska
there aro routes from Valdez to Fairbanks, 3C>S miles, and from-Fairbanks to Tanana, .I(j2 miles, three
times-a week. A service twice a
week is required from Tanana to
Kaltag, 3S1 miles;' from Kaltag to
Nome, 225 miles, and from Seward
to Iditarodj .'ISO miles. These and
other routes, set forth with definite-
ness as to hours aud weights, are
subject to tender, tlie contracts to
be awarded when the bidsare opened in May and October next.
The delinifcness of the departmental demands shows that aviation is
no longer regarded.as nebulous, experimental, or uncertain, but as an
actual factor in modern, public services. From the vague., stage of
scientific inquiry, aerial navigation
has become iu a few" years the sub-
pect of governmental tenders Impractical men of business. Cost of
manufacture and operation is counted with tho systematic regularity
long established in other carrying
services. Fuel consumption, rates
of speed, types of construction, and
methods of operation are considered
with careful regard to detail. The
new century has witnessed tho conquest of air, but the problem of
distributing the products of the
growing multitude of useful inventions
Government Scheme to  Care
Agricultural Needs;of the
The London Daily News gives sonic
details of the government1 plans to
organize ��� a- recruiting ��� campaign for
women to till tlie soil. ,., , ,,
It is proposed to issue an armlet to
women' willing to undertake farm
work, and ���'that they'1 will be entitled
to wear a special uniform.
Every village will be canvassed by
woman's committees, and 'all who volunteer will be registered and given
an armlet and uniform, which consists
of a coat, stout boots, skirt and. gaiters.
Already 250,000 men have been
withdrawn from the field'of agriculture, an<l it is anticipated- that a further 100,000 will be lost to this occupation. Practically only tlie sheep
herders, ploughmen and others who
are indispensable will remain.
���Jt is essential that an army of at
least 400,000 women be mobilized.   -
"Frightfulness"' Has Failed
What is the object of'frightfulness?
Obviously to affright,'-to weaken, to
create awe of the frightener. But/the
Germans must know by this time that-
(heir .campaign of. frightfulness has
not 'terrified the people of England.
Xobod.v there has proposed that the
,war be'given up because of what fnU
ure marauding* Zeppelins may do. ThV
country goes calmly about .'its business, exactly as if Zeppelins' did not
exist, and the only sentiment inspirffd1
by the Kaiser's dirigibles is one of in--
di.gnat.ion and- loathing. jUakhig'i.war
'on women and' children is what they
call it in England.���Providence Journal.
1.'.    i
���,..i,.M  .
irl.).Jf!'!j'"Hiii!)i!,"iij: tM'T
Bv i    r> *.  r->    "      ' I J-iU'ih*'Kfr.i'JO&'itei^t   'r!',  f'i   <*,-'',!'V-^
ntish. Government Cannot .Agree  1 hat Belgian industries Can
Be" Maintained,
���' "The
While: Germany .Continue to, Dram
Country ol Its Resources
U'tlltl 1
i *  - \    r
Are Busy Maying 'Z'eppis,
��� i hi
I'lOll!  :')l!J
One or Two Big Aircraft Are
Out Each Week on Swiss Border
11 OH    li
''���)I7 r.
no Toinn[ ;>t.ll   lo   'i^'iini')    tit >i,u
herself ' by   rehabilitating   the   mdus-
.(ifiesHof'th'e'fe'Oun'fJni ulider-'iconlrol of
, |.]*Gt Au}p,rica.n, jcomiyiissjon. foi'.relief in
Belgium,  has , tailed, ; according' to  a
The Berlin papers'publish 'stories -ot> lPttbr^w rotten" by'Sir Edward Grey; the
the     'Zeppelin'  development from.it*.,
Swiss source, according to whiohrthou-
ishi.j;orej^-|iI.,,spci*e,L,'u;v,;.-fo,.,'M.j Hy-
s, the Belgian minister at London,
sands of expert mechanics employed'j'boca'ifee '-trie' German's tli'iYs 'far-'-have
at. the Friederic-hshafen works uirnj.ffl'jleil'j^o j;eply<i.;tq,.iU]e-| request-, for
out one'or'two airships every weelt."j~gii'araniees"' that raw ".'materials, and
The trial1 flights over Lake-Constance [���nTaunfabtiireu't'gbo'ds''Wni-(iTbt1'b,3:,i-eiz-
neighborhood never cease..and .the,
noise of the motors which are tested
remains      unsolved.���Toronto
National Characteristics
There have been no miracles in
this war/except as each of the combatant nations have lived up in supreme fashion to its national character and reputation. From Germany were expected extraordinary
preparation, good leadership and
ruthless determination and self-
sacrifice, and in these are found the
secrets of German achievements.
From France were expected initial
blundering and7 disorganization,
splendid courage, good leadership
and readiness for self-sacrifice, and
these Franco has shown. Russia has
been Russia���ineffective in sustained offensive, splendid on the defence, receiving terrific blows without succumbing. England has been
England, prepared 'on the sea, unprepared on land, muddling, quarrelling, resolute under adversity, growing
stronger with time.���New York Post.
is  one
Must be Agreement
There must be commercial
nient between ourselves, the
ions and the Allies. There
main weapon which such an
nient would create���tariff arrangements to benefit the products of our
friends and lo penalize those of our
enemies. To a conl'ernce designed to
form such an agrement Great Britain
alone would come with empty hands.
She would, under her present fiscal
policy, have nothing with which to
help tlie trade of her kinsmen and her
friends, nothing with which to harm
the trade of her enemies.���London
A Paiace of Salt
of the
Mines of YVieliczka
Like   Diamonds
U.S. i Needs   the   Friendship
England   and   France
F. H.  Taylor,, of the   University
Pittsburg, writing to the. editor of
New York Times, says:
The president has announced he
is ready to fight lo preserve the full
liberties of American trade, and Congressman Mann says he considers!
war with England more probable
than war���with Germany.
Have these leaders stopped to think
of the consequences of a war with the
entente? If the present war is carried to a conclusion it can oniy end j
with the destruction of the German ]
navy and the Krupp works, and we
know that the czar expects it to last
two or three years longer. Tlie square
miles of factories which are continually being added to the Russian and
English munitions plants are based on
this calculation. When*** peace comes
in Europe the emeiite and Japan will
probably hare 15.i*00,0"'O men under
arms and they "would welcome a quarrel which would lessen their debts by
$40.i'iui,00i>.ii00. It would be easier
for Great Britain to operate in New
England than at Saloniki or Suez.
Each of the four EurSpeun powers
could land 200.00m men every ien days.
daily and nightly at,, Ulc great'
Masha'ch'' Mctor'""Works' "may ��� .bOj
plainly beard far ' into'1 Switzerland'!
The Zeppelin trial flights are now-
like military manoeuvres^. The shape
of th'e'airship'--lia"suintlor^d'n(? tP great
��� change since Mip^jfirsiqtyues appealed* Tt is 'much'Tohger'ancT slenderer.-
two gondolas���bang lower, and no
connecting gangway is ^visible, but
-'is"'��� pr'ob'?ibiy"''lii(rden' w'i'flim   tlie-'vast1
'���body;.- ' ���-;    "*-\ ���";-;��� '-'���-;���">;i������-'
The''gondolas^aFe "armor-plated and
carry at least six. machine guns and
several larger pieces of artillery..
���The platform .formerly .noticed oh
top  of the ���.balloon,  has  disappeared.-
The airships, show, a- metallic -shine,
extending over-one-fifth of the whole
body. , Evidently the envelope or
parts of it are metalized by-a. new'vj
discovered process.: The steering apparatus.- is ' much simplified .and .re.1'
duced in,size, while the. motors; are.
.greatly, enlarged.  ,   ��� ; j-:,v. i
Interesting ,..descriptions,:-.pf- - the
warlike manoeuvres of the Zeppelins
are given: , their ability of ascend-'
.ing, .descending -and turning- having*
been ) astonishingly improved.���
even.-.-the noise of. the motors^ can
drown tho sharp crack of machine
guns rattling away Lhousands of feet
over the" lake..- Sometimes--aiv-airship ' suddenly disappears entirely in
a -cloud of vapor .emanating (Jfrom
its own body. If the atmosphere is
the least foggy the, airship , becomes'
absolutely invisible. Therefore" -it
is not 'surprising that the English
fliers have failed ��� to discover-.them'.'
Only the brightest moonlight may reveal on airship at night,, while sudden darts . from' it's owii 'powerful
searchlights make concealment impossible. There is much discussion
about the new aerial, , torpedoes
which are said to he destined to
play an important part' in' the next
Tho ;: American relief, commission
some"1 k'ihVe���,Ja:g6yp'rbp6se!d|,tli!ftt- 'certain
lg,nds gf,tnoii-c<)n*^;ab'\n1d1Jra|W materials
should be permitted1 to, pass through
h\\'& Brit'isWWckade*1 ''into"-1-'Belgium,
gqpd^ij-manjUfafttjirgd^froi-natljQpi^to be
re-exported. It was proposed that the
1 balance' 'of Jt'f Hue' tMi's Jcrea>t:e,a7-i n�� fiivo r
���PA���BpteA'iffi^lWV.-.cl. bej im-estie^itu'lfrod,
thus putting the population so far as
'i3os'sIbl&Mpon a!^eif-siipiiortirig-'basis,
.an,divat.--tiheu^ani.e.vt'm0,ht'bfipj>ins'j the
growing demoralization" due to long
unemployment. Sir Edward, Grey's
lettered Ihe'*' Belgian minis'ter''follows:
, , /'JQear- j .Minister'-���Inuring;., ��� ,the.,; last
feiv pionths you have. represented to
me-'-frequeritly th'ellc'olHlitr;ohi;of'iii'dus-
iEi.es. in th..atypaitvof '.Belgium, -occupied,
by tho enemy and the , need for, im-
ptir't'"' of raw''hiaterial,i'if- those'- ihdus-
Arie.s0wer,e,,to,i-bei sayed.yfrqin.i'uin:and
universal unemployment and distress
printed.-'������; Au>"& ��uJi*.aui..= i"
1 n'il,,') no w:j tien'slc-fie-.; na) 11 jn.em.orandum
winch shows the true state of tho
"case..���'l-'shbHilu''a'd'd'Vh'ai tii'eu<fueslion
here,/deialb.jwith, lis r.enUr.e.lVijidistinct
from:,ihe importation, of foodstuffs in-
bv flie relief 'iotimiite'o, as
The Court of Last Resort
The Now Jersey board of education
has made the solemn ruling that a boy
does not have to wear a collar at
school if he doesn't want to. But the
comfort thus conferred upon juvenile
life is merely psychological. Unless
New Jersey is vastly different from
most other States, the boy will soon
leam that his mother in the court of
last resort in the matter of wearing a
collar, and the decision of the board
of education is' likely to be over-
In Galicia seven miles from tho ancient city of Cracow around which the
warring Prussians and Russians are
fighting for supremacy, is located the
famous salt mine of.YVieliczka.
The mine has been actively worked
ever since its discovery, almost seven
hundred years ago. At the present
time the excavations reach a depth of
more than a thousand feet.
The descent into the mine is made
by shafts and staircases. The latter,
being carved entirely of rock salt,
sparkle so brilliantly that one feels at
each step as though he were treading
upon crystal glass. Before reaching
the bottom of this great cavern it is
necessary to travel over many of these
beautiful stairways, for the mine or'
YVieliczka is divided into three distinct compartments called fields: each
field consists of seven stories and each,
story is made up of several chambers.
Some of these chambers are a him- i
dred feet high, a hundred feet long
and eighty feet wide. They are left
in the process of excavation, and when
any^addition is required it is built
with\salt and water. Masses of salt
are piled one upon another and water
is thrown over them dissolving a portion of the salt, which fills up tlie crevices. When the water evaporates ir.
leaves a solid mass. Columns of salt
are left  to support the roof.
As there are no springs at so great
depth, the air is very dry. and everything is kept in the most perfect state
of preservation.
One of the largest chambers is used
as a ballroom where gayly dressed
men and women glid over the smooth,
shining floor to the strains of Straus's
"Beautiful   Blue   Danube"  wall/..
In another chamber the nobles of
Austria and their friends sometimes
attend banquets. On these occasions,
when the light falls upon the walls,
ceiling and pillars, the immense room
looks liks a palace carved out ol" aquamarine.
But the most wonderful thing in the
great salt mine of YVieliczka is the
chapel of St. Anthony, where the floor,
walls, ceiling, altar, niches, pedestals
and statues are all of solid salt, yet
everything is so Iranslucent (hat a
torch-held-behind one of the statues
shows light through its thickest part.
���When the chapel is lighted everything
in ic-sparkles as though; studded with-
countless diamonds.���L. G. Randall, in
Harper's Weekly.
Democracy and the Empire
I The old sullen pretence that the
I working man has no interest in the
l empire because he has no possessive
| share in it, dies a natural death in
iijihesc stirring times, when from the
continents there come in their hund-
^ol j t.o.'M'liiehi.tbeia.ttitudeipfiih'fe majesty's
.government     remains . that   recently
,'stated  'to   parliament���that' ftte ^gov-
| c-rnmc-nt will facilitate the work of the
!,commission as.-longranil'insofar!as the
. work    is  carried'on under adequate
.-lie'titraT \supefvisibrilJc6mpietely' iiide-
; pendenti,o��i German, (.control,-iland  in
compliance with conditions laid down
from*" -time'* f 6""{ime'' by "bis^itia jescy's
government. i-,tiifiu;v ki!j- '<an*:b
tSigned)      ���   ,        .     "E. GREY."
<��� _^j  (T~   ti'i, ll ������ >-.'.    uyi;,Vt,"j ' Oiii i'lil/
Tlie memorandum referred to byfSir
Edward. Grey- 'is 'in parti'as* foEpws:
"It is understood that there is a
strong; fueling,;among,,the.;.Belgians
that the industrial'distress' of "Belgium
is'-'toibeJa'ttributed,s,o'lely to thenaction
of Jthetiallie^.,gp.v-,ernniLents) in,,presenting 'imports,"'and itJ'often contended
���t h at "this '-'action -1 does * ii'Ot appreciably
harm Germany;,;iwhilenit.,inv;oly(es a
most. ' ''""' '" '"' ' ���' " " *'��� -
while Japan, with her standing army
of l.OOO.oOu and her population over
71,000,01)0, all trained by the German
system, could operate from Hawaii
and emplov an indefinite number.
If 1 w-re nn Fr,"lic'*man 1 would ��� rcrts ot" thousands men who have no-
favor such a wan V'remainiiig sil- [ thing to gain by the sacrifice they are
ent during the invasion, of Belgium ! making for the empire, but the re-
the American government has shown |ward of an approving patriotic con-
approval of a nation going out for \ science. Iu less dramatic ways, in
plunder, or a  "place in  the sun," so! the infusion into popular education of
painful loss to'the people of our
why should not Englishmen do it?" j
The allies have been far less ruthless in modifying international law I
than we were fifty years ago, and j
have done nothing which could not j
be explained by precedent or a worse :
act on the part of the Germans, yet i
\vc have written them note after |
note, and always about American j
dollars. When the Germans strewed-
floating mines over the North Sea we
said never a- word,1*' but when England warned us of the danger we
shouted, "England has closed the
Xorih Sea to American trade!" If
the good-will of Germany means the
ill-will of the allies, then it is a luxury we cannot afford.
���Never was the Republic in greater
danger, and safety lies not in our
feeble attempts at preparedness, but
in tiie friendship of the French and
English people. There is no time to
lose, because public: opinion in those
countries must not be allowed to
crvstalize against us.
facts and sentiments and impressions
concerning their kinsfolk beyond the
sea, the ideal will need to he set-up in
the minds of the English people. The
task will never be easier than in the
clays  when the remembrances of the
war and the great rally of the empire
| are. fresh in  the minds of men.    We
'shall then s-ec that even a democracy
[-which in the past has been ill taught
I concerning the great problem of em-
i pire    can    notwithstanding    respond
' worthily to  the invitation  to  recogn-
nize   its   place   in   the  great   inheritance.���The Times of India.
Raises Alcohol Tax
The Austrian government has raised
the tax on alcohol eight cents a litre,
making  the  third  increase  since  the
beginning of tho  war.    The  tax  now
amounts  to   fifty  cenrs  a  litre.
Austro-Hungarian     government
agreed   to  increase   the   pay  of
officers twenty per cent, after the-
elusion of the war.
With the development of the age we
cradle neither grain  nor babies  any
that, the ,British., government,..cannot
agree that Belgian irittust'fy' can be
maintained^ in'*' the *pre'seri(�� ''Circumstances without a very . considerable
benefit to Great Britain's enemies and
without involving a postponement of
Belgian independence'.-:-I   -'iiT
But the government, it,says, is fully
impressed with'lhe "necessity of supporting the Belgian-pppulation.-^rFor
this reason it has supported* the,'commission for relief in Belgium-and,permitted export trade from Belgium; under certain conditions. Also" .for-this
reason, the memo adds, the-^govern-
ment some months ago asserted its
willingness to consider proposals j for
the' importation of raw materials;jinto
Belgium through the agency^and! under the guarantees of the relief {commission, i   !,i
"The undertakings demanded jfroin
the Germans in connection with; this
scheme,*' the memo continues, "were
simple. They were to permit theiffreo
importation of raw materials and!the
export of manufactured goods made
from such materials through the' relief commission. They were to respect
and make free from all embargo or
requisition any stocks of similar raw
materials or manufactured goods still
remaining in the country. They were.
in general, to treat any factory thus
supplied by the commission as enjoying the same privileges and immunity
as one of tho commissions warehouses." ���������'.!     ! ;
The plan was submitted lo the; German authorities at Brussels by':the
relief commission foyr ,. months ��� ago,
inquiries were made no
kind  wasi received ^from
A fire-guard cut across a section of a Dominion Forest Reserve. There is
not much timber in sight, bufconslderable young growth la coming on
and requires  careful guarding from fire.
but although
reply of any
tlie Germans. j ;
The1- memo then  accuses! the  j Germans of a deliberate plan not to outer
into  any agreenVnt  of    the'��� proposed!
kind until  they have taken Jibe'last,
ounce of native   stocks ,ofvraw muter-,
iale"or:' mrrnufa'cttireTr^ goodp    which /'
can beHoCCiiselto^theraV'-iuidi'tillithey,
liave"' heV*n atilo' to cfeafe*"such  widespread destitution as to force a requl-,
siVe''ani6u'nt'".-o��"BeI-gian.:'-labbr:.to emi-,
gr.ate_.to. .Germany;. OL..take_���pniploy-
ment in Belgian works controlled by,
them for their own .purposes;''      \
\"iih6u\d'these-objects !���' ue>-i gained,",
continues the-*meniey'"tbey will dc-ubt-,
less express readiness to    make i an
arrangement,   so   that  tho    country,!
once  it  Is  fully drained    of    its re-!
source-?,   may   be   restocked.     Before;
that  time- has  arrived   this   German
policy should, therefore, be fully ex-,
posed." '
Every dog has his day, though soma
of them should be given thirty days," ���������unnhM nwftiff f*im.  *v*Wf. ?<Hr.iyi���������ii*.jjvvti^/w-ifwwu^n'm'Ai^T''   "it'.V^W-4 J<"I \* J,'*^vJn'->i-^VlXV^*IlW-jaHl,lJ^i!,^KWStA3*������^������ii^itttt������l  THE SUN/ .GRAND FORKS, B. C.  The attendance at the Easter  services  in   the  Presbyterian   church  possibly   was   the largest   that  has  ever    gathered    in    tbat    church.  The service of song in   the morning  was in   charge   of   the junior choir,  which is now a #reat acquisition   to  the  chnrch   and   whose  singing  is  much appreciated by   the congregation.    In the evening   a cantata entitled "Easter  Praise"  was   exceedingly  well   rendered   by  the senior  choir of fifteen voices.    The singing  of the soloists and other members of  the choir was inspiring and impressive, and reflects great credit on  the  choir   leader,   G.  M.   Lee, and the  organist, Mrs. A. C. Burr, in charge.  Sacred song of such a character  can  not well but bear fruit for the glory  of God.    Why should not   more  of  such   mueic  have a larger place in  tbe atmosphere of our civic hotel?  to   Copper  rgarten   will re  open next Monday at 9 a.m. at her  residence, corner Winnipeg and Ida  avenues.  (VIOEOROLOGICAL  Capt. Dr. Simmons, formerly of  this city, arrived in England last  month on'his way to the war,  Major Glossop and wife of Rock  Creek, have taken up their residence  in this chy.  Thp Union mine in Franklin  camp will resume shipping next  month.  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch: ^  Min.  April21���������Friday  36  2:2���������Saturday   ....  29  23���������Sundiy   20  24��������� Monday  3S  25���������Tuesday  3(5  2G���������Wednesday .. 40  27 ���������Thursday    17  Max.  51  D3  63  72  7K  79  63  For  Watches,C locks and Jewellery^  ���������      Go to  TT  ���������Mill  StilR  V  m  There are 230 telephones in Grand  Forks, 98 in Greenwood and S'i in  Phoenix.  Weather conditions at prppent are  favorable for high water this spring.  '.0 CENT "CASCARETSS"  FOE LIVER AND BOWELS  A series of special services are to  be held in" Knox Presbyterian  church in the near future. The com  missionens, Rev.'F. A. Robinson,  K A., of Toronto, speaker, and W.  J{. Andrew, of Glasgow, conductor  of song and soloist, are coming under appointment of the general assembly's committee of the Presbyterian   church   in   Canada, and   en-  Cure    Sick    Headache,    Constipation,  Biliousness,   Sour   Stomach,    Bad  Breath���������Candy   Cathartic.  Inches  Utirifall .- 0.16  Em ;hct: .jsp-ss, :gf^ ������������������&&������ :g]������  First Street, Grand Forks  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  ICggs for Hatching��������� Whitn Wyan  dottes; from leading pen of Wyan  dottes   in   four  oflioial contests, in  Addressing Mail  to" Soldiers.  In order to facilitate the   liandlin,"  of   mail    at    the    front and to insure  i    ���������;        ,-, i������    -,-       .,,,��������� ��������� prompt, delivery it   is   requested    ilia  eluding   Panama-Pacilic:   82.00   per   ',.     h., .        ,, ,      J,,  ......;..,.       vu.���������       i ;,i,i;���������...,       , i_.. ...i -!l11 ,I1!U| be addressed us follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank  Granby Shipments j    (������) Name.  -p.       ,.  ,,      ��������� ., ...    ;      (d)  Squadron, batterv or cnmpntiv  Ihe   following are    the   monthly        -  -   - ' - '     ���������  setting       Wtn  Forks, B  C.  Liddico-it,     Grand  No odds how bad your liver, stomach or bowels; how much your head  aches, how miserable you are Irom  constipation, indigestion, biliousness  and sluggish bowels���������you always get  relief! with Cascarets. They immediately cleanse and regulate the stomach, remove the sour, fermenting food  and foul gases; take the excess, bile  from the liver and carry off the constipated waste matter and poison  from   the   intestines   and   bowels.     \.  , i ,       ,     n     i_ r   vr 10-cent  box   from   your druggist   will  djrsed by the Presbytery of Koote-   keep  y0U1.  ]iver  aml   bowe]s   clean.  stomach   sweet  and   head   clear   for  nay.    Further   particulars,   will   be  given later.  Tnr iiiajority of the business  firms of the city have agreed to give  their employees a mid-week nail  holida}' on Wednesday afternoons  during the sammer months. The  period covered is from May 3 to  September 27, inclusive.  The British Columbia Telephone  company proposes to build a new  copper circuit between Midway aud  Osoyoos, where it will connect with  Oroville and Peuticton.  months,     rhey work while you sleep.  ."hipping figures from the Granby  mine nt Phoenix to the (-irand Forks  smelter:  1915  I nii������  January      42,211  February....      63,09 k  March        69,948  Agril        85..SS2  May      100 693  June  '    103,00-1  Julv  ' 101,058  1916  | I 11   S  83,802  77,n-I.S  8(5 7*2  August   Septembe...  October    November..  December..  Tutsi I  aVE  I03.0G2  93.245  96,430  .     82 \S~  ,      94,4 75  1,0.-54,76(5  J "Ki'^Ux' OF FICiS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Little Willie, son of Mr. and Mrs.  Vradenberg, who recently suffered  from a severe scalding accident, is  recovering nicely.  The  British    Columbia   Copper  company has shipped a compressor  SEALED TENDERS at so much  p>->r lineal foot will be received by  the undersigned up till 3 p.m. mi  Monday, May 8th. for the lilmr  nrcessnrv in removal of old pip*- on  LiHiisdnwne Avenue ami laying, with  MHsisUnoH of City Engineer, of ohw  pipe, and refillin" of trench, u distance of some 290 feet. The lowest  or any tender not necessarily ac  cepted.  JOHN A. HUTTON.  City Clerk.  . POUNDKEEPER WANTED  Written    applications for position  of Peundkeeper for City   will   be   re  ceived by undersigned atCitv OfHce.  JOHN A.  HUTTON,  City Clerk.  Gelicicus "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little  Stomach, liver  and bowels.  (e) Battalion,   regiment   (or   nth  unit), stalF   appointment    or    department.  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (s)   British  lixpeditionio'V  Force,  (h)   Anny Post,  London,. lOnglaml  Unnecessary   'mention   "of      higher  formations, <uoli as brigade--, civ sions,  is strictly-forbidden, and ���������   u       delay.  ^������l&-'^t  - ^S5a* **���������- >���������;','���������./���������  -  r    ' ���������*  Yf-!"^,:,-'- *��������� .'vV-i*-*'''''/  VC?8*-..-  Look   at   the ��������� tongue,   mother!     If  veiled," your little one's stomach, liver  ;.*,"1   !>o,vols   need   cleansing at   once.  ..hen  peevish, cross, listless,  doesn't  iMp, oat "or act naturally, or is l'evor-  .:!i,   stomach   sour,   breath   i.ad;   has  oro throat, diarrha-a, fall of cold, give  a teaspoon ful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  ���������loiif'tipateil    waste,    undigested    food  and sour bile gontly moves out of its  liftio bowels without griping, and you  have a well, playful child again.    Ask  your 'drugg'st  for a 50-cent bottle of  "California Syrup of Figs," which contains  full   Jirections  for babies, children of all ages and for grown-ups.  ������������������������ 'i������. .*-?--:ic;.>^.^-.  Eggs and Day-old Chicks for Sale  Orders filled in rotation.  Got vour orders in early.  25 Setting Hens Wanted  ills S  ������������*^a^w?^5*saM������������w"c-  The Famous Blatchford-Davis Shoes just arrived. The very last word in Stylish Shoes for  Ladies.  Fancy Dull Kid,  Gypsey-cut, button  Gun Metal Calf,  Button ''���������'.-  a  Patent Calf,  Cloth top, plain toe, lace   Patent Calf,  Dull Kid top, plain toe, button  ^ ���������'  These Shoes surpass in style,   quality and   price  anything we know of in the market.  A Special School Shoe foi: Girls���������  Gun metal, button, at.. ..   c>.75  (Jail and give us the opportunity of  proving that  we  have the values.  fe-     PHONE  30  " /*"* AIN or no gain the cause before the farmers of Canada is as clear as it was last  vJT year���������they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands that may  be made, and I believe this to be especially true in regard to live stock, the world's  supply of which must be particularly affected in this vast struggle."���������HON.  MARTIN BURRELL, Minister of Agriculture.  THE    FOLLOWING    STATEMENTS    ARE    BASED    ON    REPORTS   CONTAINED    IN  "THE AGRICULTURAL  WAR  BOOK,   1916,"   PUBLISHED  BY THE  DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,  OTTAWA,  ONT.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with   special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  LIVE STOCK���������The herds and flocks of Europe  have been greatly reduced. When the war is over  there will be a great demand for breeding stock.  Canadian farmers should keep this in mind.  MEATS���������In 1915 Great Britain imported 604,508  tons of beef, mutton and lamb, of which 364,245  tons came from without the Empire. Out of  430,420 tons of beef only 104,967 tons came from  within the Empire.  The demands of the Allies for frozen beef,  canned beef, bacon and hams will increase rather  than diminish. Orders are coming to Canada.  The decreasing tonnage space available will give  Canada an advantage if wc have the supplies.  DAIRYING���������Home consumption of milk,butter  and cheese has increased of late years. The war  demands for cheese have been unlimited. The  Canadian cheese exports from Montreal in 1916  were nearly $6,500,000 over 1914. Prices at  Montreal���������Cheese : January 1915, 15J^ to 17  cents; January 1916, 18J^ to 1SJ4 cents.  Butter: January 1915, 24 to 28% cents;  January 1916, 32 to 33 cents.  EGGS���������Canada produced $30,000,000 worth of  eggs in 1915 and helped out Great Britain in the  shortage. Shippers as well as producers have a  duty and an opportunity in holding a place in  that market.  WRITE TO THE DOMINION   DEPARTMENT  OF AGRICULTURE AND  TO  YOUR  PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENT FOR BULLETINS ON THESE SUBJECTS  are right.  11  11  SUN PRINT SHOP  Tens of thousands of Canada's food producers have enlisted and gone to the front. It is only fair to them  that their home work shall be kept up as far as possible. The Empire needs all the food that we can produce  in 1916.  PRODUCE MORE AND SAVE MORE  MAKE LABOUR EFFICIENT  SAVE MATERIALS FROM WASTE  SPEND MONEY WISELY  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF   CANADA 4  THE  DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THE  DEPARTMENT OF  FINANCE  'il


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