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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 7, 1916

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 /VDp  / ?  / <-^Vr-'r- ���������'������������������      -;���������,'  ���������'    -: -.���������  --���������  I ^A^-Wflrwlative. Library, ���������'.-'  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No. 22  GRAND FORKS   B. C, FRIDAY, APRIL 7, 1916  $1.00 PER YEA1  NUEAND EXPENSE!  The Canadian Year Book, 1914, gives tho following table of revenues  and expenditures of the provincial government!* for the years.of   1913 14:  . 'Total. .   -Revenue Total Expenditure  Province.    - * Revenue,    per head.    Expenditure. per head  Prince Edward island    6525,555"     $5.6L   '.    S445.396 $i.75  Nova Scotia     1,885,458 3 75       '2.098,893 4" 18  New Brunswick........    1,505,2*29 4.25 1,893.774 4,22  Quebec:    9,000,377 4 25 8,624,308 4.07  Ontario  ll,.12e,382 4.23        11.819,311 4.49  Manitoba     5.512,163        iU.28    ���������     5,638:658 10 52  Sashkatchewan     5,866,230 8.12 5,396,389 '7.47  Alberta    4,522,513 9.27 4.409,795 9 04  British Columbia  10,479,259       21.46    '   15.766,913 32 30  The Year Book comment is (p. 561): "In total expenditure for the year  that of British Columbia was highest, $15,766,912, Ontario second with  811,819,311 and Qnebec third' with $8,624,368. Per'capiu. the largest  revenue is in British Columbia, 824 46, and in Manitoba, -$10.28,the same  provinces'having al60 the greatest expenditure per capita, viz. British  Columbia 83.2.30, and Manitoba 810 52 "���������  Theyears 1913 14 were toe halcyon days of the Roblin government.  Even then Manitoba's expenditure was only half of that of British Columbia per head, though larger.than that of any other province. Now that  Roblinism has ceased to exist, Manitoba has begun to economize. Not so  British Columbia, however. . This year we are providing for an outlay of  two dollars to every dollar received. We are still in the drunken sailor  class.  KIN  PUBLIC SCHOOL  S OF IHE CITY  They have utaken apartments over  Davis' store and will reside here permanently in future.  >v  ���������,-.    , ., - .        ��������� .- Some of the city.people  who were  Ihe following officers were e ected   ,,������-.���������      i.   ..- i       <-.     j  .   4l , .       ,   ,    ,r   ,  .  out picking buttercups last-Sunday  at   the annual meeting of the Meth- ������,       .. ..    ,  j-.   t    ,. -, ..,        .   -     ,   ,, were  greatly   disappointed  at   not  od;st  Ladies Aid society,   held   at r A- .   .t    .    LJ:  .       _ . finding any butterin the pups.   .,.���������,  J. E Thompson, of Phoenix, was  a visitor in the city yesterday.  the church on Thursday:-President;  Mrs. Wm. Farmer-; vice-president,  Mrs. H. E. Woodland; secretary,  Mrs. F. E. Cooper; treasurer, Mrs.  J. D Hobden. Among the arrangements made for future work was for  a sale of home cooking early in  May.  The  ultrafasbiotiable    people    of  New York are d:scarling the rautos      The   British   Columbia    Copper  this spring, and are  going   back   to company's second furnace was blown  horses and  carriages.   When  walk   in/at  tbe  Greenwood  smelter  week.        .  The following is the standing of  pupils of' the Grand Forks publoi  school, in order of merit, as determined by tests held during the month:  DIVISION I���������PRINCIPAL'S CLASS. ���������  Annie Anderson    Tommy Reaburn  Blair Cochrane       Reggie Hull  Helen Peterson      Mildred Hutton  Ed Mcllwaine Fred Barlee  Laurena Nichols    Kathleen Kerby  Pearl Bryenton      Fritz Schliehe  Margaret Graham  Murrel Galloway  Kathleen O'OonnorGwen Mcllwaine  Anna Beran Violet Walker  Abram  Mooyboer Frances Sloan  Surah McCallum    Lily Ardiel  A<mes Stafford        Uvo Wells  Ruby Smith Ada Lennon  James Lyden.  Marie Barn urn  Viola Pell  TO PAPERS MISREPRESENT LIBERALS  Victoria, .April 4~.���������Misrepresentation of the opposition to the government is being made in some of the government newspapers, and on tbe  floor of tbe house this afternoon H C. Brewster, Liberal leader, drew attention to tbe fact by reading from the Nelson News. The headline was  to the effect that Brewster was opposing the giviug of land to soldiers.  During the discussion of the land question Mr. Brewster and tbe  other members of th? opposition have made it very plain that they favor  giving land to soldiers, aiding them in every manner possible. In fact,  the new government land bill was suggested by Mr. Brewster months ago  and as late as the day before the government determinad to bring such a  measure to the house, fully realizing that tbe people were demanding that  the speculator be made to pay up and that the government declare itself  witb regard to what it would, do for the men who would come back from  the front.  Although the government scheme in principle.is along the lines of  Mr. Brewster's suggestion, it is, as has been stated before, designed also to  make it very easy for the land speculator while at the same time offering  a measure of aid in the w,ry of a piece of ground to the returiied soldiers.  Edith Larsen"  Gladys Latham  Earl King  division n  Senior 4th.C!assB: BrendaHumphreys  Wilfred Brown       F/wing McCallum  Government road work appears to  be slower in starting operations in  this district this spring than has  heretofore been the case.  George Cooper  Joseph Beran  Helen Campbell  Donald Laws  Mary Cooper-  Rosa Peterson  Bernard Crosby  Loretta Lyden  Dorothy Burns  Garibaldi Bruno  Au'rena Barnum  Amy Heaven  Hope Benson  Ethel Wright  Lydia Kelleher  AmbroseMcKinnon  Murel Spraggett  Gladys Rashleigh  Helen Massie  Edith Coryell  Gwen Humphreys  Margaret Michener  ' Bernice Kennedy  Vernon Siddall  Lillian Kelleher  Harold Fair  Robert O'Connell  Lizzena Irving   -  this  S. J. Matthews  made a   business  trip to Greenwood m Tuesday.  ing comes into vogue  The Suu man  will   be in  the  height of fashion.  Walking,  be wever,   has   its  advantages.   It  is slow, but  sure, and it  usually    keeps   a   person  .in   good/     Lieut. E. L. Stenstrom    has   been  health.    It is better to be 'healthy, 'appointed an  officer in   the  225th  though old fasbioued, than   wealthy ��������� oattalion.  and fashionable with ailing  health  Lieut K. S Wilkenson and bride,  Mr. and Mrs. Sam Miller, of Vic-j nee Miss E. G. Schofield. who were  toria, are spending a few days in' married in Calgary returnrd to  the city this week. Mr. Miller was'Grand Forks on Monday. They will  owner and financier of the Hotel make tbeir home in this city for  Winnipeg before he moved to the'short time at least  coast.  Junior 4, A Class: Gordon Murray  MaudCunningharn  Vernon   Forrester  Vernon Smith        Amy'Murray  Cecilia Lyden Vera Donaldson   ���������  DIVISION III.  Junior 4th   B: Guner Lindgren  Morris  Baineson Teddie Cooper-  Jennie-Miller Denis O'Conner  Gladys Bryenton Kenneth McArdle  Corena Harkness Norma-Erickson  Leona U' Ren Jeff Ryan  Harold Quinlivan James Pell  Melvin Hoover Dorothy Schliehe  Clarence Hoover Janet Stacy  Mark Truxler Alphonse Galipeau  Senior Second A: John Peterson  Ruth Eureby Margaret Bruno  Gunnar Hallo  DIVISION  VI.  Second Reader:       Vera Lyderi  Frank-'Worden       Nick Verzuh  CharlotteLuseombeEthel Wiseman  HelenO'Cohnell    Ethel Miller  laabelle Glas}.ell  Juiia Downey  Alice Galipeau  Aleeta Nichols  Peter Miller  George Hodgson  Charles Bishop  Eloise Stafford  Reid McKie  Cecelia Crosby  Clare TJ' Ren  Anna Marovitch  Joe Bishop  Addie Barrow  Horace Green  Nellie Ailen  Roy Lockhart  Elsie Nelson  Jack Miller  Mary Fleming  Lola   Baker  Herbert Heaven  John Lane  Edward Molt  Kenneth Murray  . First Reader:.  Dorothy L-ith am  Esther Rice  Clarence Mason  John Bluekens  Francis Crosby  Ernest Green  Joseph Japp  Doris Kennedy  Harry Stacy  Edmond Wells  [ Bruna, Berazowska Harry Acres  Margaret Ross        Dorothy Davidson  Elton Woodland    Edgar Galipeau  Wallace Huffman John Graham  Winnifred Savage Louis O'Keefe  FannySherstobeteffFrancis Larama  Archie McDonald  John Santano  James Innes Blanche Mason  Jane Wright  DIVISION   x-  Part A:  Albert Colarch  Daniel Wilson  Cecelia Graham  Lydia Colarch  -RECEIVING CLASS  MargaretLuscomle  Georgo Johnson  Marjorie Cook  Fay Walker-  Arthur Teabo  Antoue DeWilde   Newton Chapman  Irene FrankovitchRegina Frechette  E's.a Morella Teddie Caron  Hilda Smith  DIVISION VII.  Willie Mola  Dorothy. Fracas  Tommie Allan  Jigi Morell  Mike Morell  George Francis  Vera Mjrell  Emmet  Baker  Jessie Allan  Violet Lockhart  Dorothy Gray  Dorothy Mills  Wilhelmina De  Wilde  Lena Screbneff  Oscar Peterson  Tom Newby and VV. Minion came  down from Franklin camp on Wednesday. There is yet enough snow  in the camp to train a north pole exploration party, they say.  Enjoy an evening of music Wednesday next with voice, violin, harp  and organ.    Baptist church.  LARGEST CUSTOMS  RECEIPTS IN THE HISTORY OF THE CITY  Timberlake, Son & Co., jewellers,  moved into the Farmer building on  Bridge street on Saturday. They  now have as neat a jewelry store as  can be found in the Boundary country.  N. L. Mclnnes made a business  trip to Spokane on Monday  ���������  Mr. and Mrs. John Pallette were  in the city yesterday, en route to  Nelson from Phoenix. Mr. Pallette  was one of the first restaurant keepers in Grand Forks.  R. R. Gilpin, customs officer a  this port, makes the following detailed report of the customs receipts  at the head office in this city and at  the various sub-customs offices, for  the month of.March, 1916:  Grand Forks .$44,020.40  Phoenix       798.17  Carson       327.81  Cascade           72.95  Total .845,225 63  AntoinetteSchlieheHoward DeCew  Ray Forrester        Margaret Fowler  Lottie Peterson      George Meikle  Alfred Downey       Randolph Davis  Edward Potentier Walter'Larsen  Senior 3rd A: Jeannette Reburn  Harold King Joseph Rowladson  Lenore Cronanb     Christoplx r Pell  Isabel Bowen Harry Kelleher  DIVHSON IV.  Senior Third B:     Lilian   Hull  Emile Painton        John Meinel  GladysMcLauchlanBertha Fi-acass  Helen Simpson        Frances U'Ren  G. A. Griffin, proprietor of the  Grand Forks family liquor store, arrived in the on Saturday from Kamloops,   accompanied   by   his Wife.'services  Union Services  The congregations of Knox Presbyterian church and the Methodist  church will unite for divine worship on Suuday, April 9. Services  will be held at 11 a.m in the Presbyterian church, and at 7:30 p.m.  in the Methodist church, conducted  by Rev. J. D. Hobden. A cordial  welcome awaits all   attending  these  Nellie Mills  Jennie Stanfield  Walton Young  Margery Keron  Tannis Barlee  Amy Peckham  Frances Latham  May Crosby  Willie Sprinthall  Charlie Cooper  Esther Anderson  Boyd Nichols  Fred Wiseman  Sam Erickson  Senior 3rd A:  Grace Graham  Orville Baker-  Dorothy Meikle  Coryl Campbell  Clara Brunner  William Grenier  Flora McDonald  Emma Irving  Thelma Huttor-:  Ellen Harkness  Fred Trimble  Nick Skrebneff  Mary Miller  Dean Kennedy  Reginald Heaven  First Reader:.  Ruth Larama  Jennie Allen  Arne Halle  James Clark  Edna Luscombe  Lem John  Herbert Clark  Elsie Liddicoat  Fr.-d Bryenton  Ruth Hesse  Dorothy  DeCew  Vera Bickerton  Maye Farmer-  Louis Gill  Harry Cooper-  Lloyd Quinlivan  Sylvester Kraus  Walter Anderson  Charles Anderson  Stuart Ross  Jack Stacy  Fred Galipeau  Michael Cherneff  Margaret Hacking  Second Primer:  Olive Irving  Isabelle Innes  Kenneth Mas-ie  Oh ter Skrebneff  Earl   Fi'zpatrick  Lome Murray  Georgia Lockhart  Walter R.ishleigh  Arthur   Hesse  Charles Shannon  Rupert Sullivan  Grace Brau  DIVISION   V/II.  First Reader: Frank Gordon  MildredWetherell  Paulina Mohler  Blanche Kennedy Peter Peterson  William Nelson Lavina Crowder  Oswald Walker Grace Wiseman  Mary Beran Grace Green  Emerson Reid  Bertie Scott  Hazel Nystrom  Violet Meikle  I van Morrison  Hazel Waldron  Lucy Teabo  Vivian McLeod  Rita Nilef  Janet Bonthron  Bessie Harkness  Vera McAllister  Ernest Hadden  Ethel Sale  Dora McLauchlin  James Shannon  John Stafford  Carl Peterson  Mike Sherstobetoff Arvid Anderson  Part B: Lilly Sale  Marion Kerby        Henry Morell  Florence LeRoy  High School Students'  Canadian Patriotic Fund  The following subscriptions to the  Canadian   Patriotic fund have   been  received from students of the   High  School   during  the  first  cpu-irter of  1915:'  Division.     Jan  Feb. March Quarter  First.......33.00 81.50 82 7.5.  ������7 25  Second....  3.15    1.15    2.25      6 55  Totals.. 86.15 ������2 65 So 00 S.3.d0  Average contributi >n p^r student  actually attending   in each division:  Division. Jan.      Feb      March  First   .1875    .09375    .171������  Second 126        .046    .1071  VV. S. Asiilky. Principal.  MargaretRobillard Joseph Lyden  Margucrita Pessi   Gordon Clark  George Manson  Second Primer:  Henry Reid  Herbert Harris  Gordon MeCalum  Valdcmar Peterson  Mike Verzuh  Peter Santano  John Matesa  Children's Patriotic Fund  The following contributions were  made during the month of March  to the Children's Patriotic Fund by  the pupils of the Grand Forks public school:  No. of  Division.      Pupils.  First 31  Second       87  Third 37  Fourth 46  Fifth 36  Amount ficr Piij  A rcrnifi'  in  DIVISION   V.  Junior Third B:  Hurry Dmytryk  Leo Mills  Percy Stacy  Alice Ryan  Willie Skrebneff  Chow Fung  Leonia Reed  b reddy Cooper  Alberta McLeod  Annie Crosby  Connie Burdon  Clarence Donaldson  lye Waldron  Jolm-de Visser  Kvolyn .Stafford  DIVISION  IX.  Jimrnie Needham   Kenneth Camphel  Law  McKinnon     Roger Molt  Arthur Bryenton   Pearl Brau  Second Primer:  Nick Ogiloff  Mary Ogiloff  Alice George  Merle Wright  John Sorkeroff  Edith   E u re by  Rosina  Pessi  Gladys Jewell  Pir.sl  Primer:  Vera Hoover  Morley  Miller  Lillian Coomb"  Earl Peter-sen  Marion McKie  Sixth..... 39  Seventh 30  Eighth 36  Ninth 37  Tenth 36  82 20  2 05  J.35  .70  2 05  1 25  1.35  1.75  2.00  1 50  0 47c  5.39c  3 64c  1.52c  5.09c  3.20c  3 57c  3. 2Sc  5.04c  4.10c  Totals.. :..375      SI6.20        4.32c  Two  important  dates  in   Grand  Forks   next    week:     Monday,   the  10th, civic clean up day; Friday, the  Amy Sherstobet iff j J 4th, Arbor day.    Use   Spear's soirp  E-Jna Hardy I 0���������   Monday, and   plant   a fewin-.*  LawrenceO Connor I        ., . , ,    . ,  , ..  m .   ���������      r j on I'nday so   that   vmir  grandchil ���������  Maurice  I jane I J -  Ida Knox j dren may be reminded   ncci-donaHy  Edward  Dnivtrvk   Paul  Kingston  that they really   hid   grandparent*. THE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,    B.C.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  \0 CENTS FEB PLUG  Turks Begin Move  for Separate Peace  Reported  . to    be  Co-bperating   With  Certain  Diplomats in Switzerland  According to a Geneva report printed by Le Temps, in Paris, the heir to  the Ottoman throne, supported by  numerous Turkish officers., has begun  a movement for a separate peace, cooperating with certain diplomats now  in Switzerland, including a former  ���������Ambassador to Paris and Naby B,ey.  ���������/he Swiss papers say Germany is  encouraging the separate peace movement because she is unable to bear  the strain of financing Turkey.  The former Turkish ambassador to  France and Naby Bey, as well - as  several other Turkish diplomats...who  are in Switzerland at: the present  time, are said to be co-operating with  the Turkish heir in the separate p.eace  movement.  The Milan Gazette Popolo prints a  Constantinople me's'sage which says  the Old Turks and the Young Turks  are holding, secret meetings'. with the  object of forcing a separate peace.  The recent drafting of 50,000 German  troops at Constantinople is designed  to overawe the restless population.  Playgrounds For  Rural Schools  Complete    Playground   Apparatus  for  Country Schools at a Small  Expense  Fifty dollars will cover the expense  of a complete playground apparatus  for a school teacher and the pupils  render a reasonable amount of assistance in building it.      ���������  Teeter boards, standards, giant  strides, a turning pole, swings and  slides, are practlcai pieces of apparatus, all suitable for the school yard.  Timbers for frame work should be  set in concrete so that the structure  may be more solid and durable.  The teeter board can be made by  using an ordinary saw horse for the  supporting   frame, and fastening the  Fearless, But Dread Gas  Ghurkas Push Aside German Bayonets  With  Bare  Hands  Describing the fighting-equalities of  the Ghurkas, H. C. Raskin, a Detroit  soldier, who has been invalided from  the front, says: *  The Ghurkas are absolutely fearless  in a charge, but they are not put in  the trenches any more. In a charge  the}' throw away their guns and advance . with nothing but their long,  deadly knives. They reach out their  bare black left hands and push, the  German bayonets away while with  their; right they stab and stab and  stab with the brutal knives until man  and bayonet fall together. Thfir arms  are full of healed welts caused by  pushing.bayonets aside with their  naked arms. They have no fear of t'.e  bayonet or bullet, but they go crazy  when they meet the gas. They cannot understand the gas. They think  devil spirits .are after them.  On one occasion word was received  that a German ammunition train, was  six miles back of the German lines.  Recruits Avere called for to make an  attempt to, blow it up. It was a forlorn hope and we never expected to  see them again. But they did not fail.  The Ghurkas are as steady in their  movements as our. American Indians  and they crossed three lines of German trenches through ponds that had  been dammed up between the sections, each man swimming under water with his knife in his' teeth. They  blew up the ammunition train and  they came back���������all six of them.  the improved mating.  Of course, it must be understood,  that it is fully assumed that all birds  are in the best of health. Otherwise  they have no place in any mating.  More good clucks at the end of the  season will be the result, of a' little  extra though t in making the matings  followed up, of course; with the best  of care  and growing of  the  birds.  Moving to Town  Careful Mating  By A. P. Marshall, Niagara Falls, Can-  - ada,   Breeder Niagradot  White  Wyandottes  We wonder how many can tell  whether they-'have made proper matings or not the previous year or can  see any real reasons why certain  things developed in the youngsters  that were not expected. Do most  breeders just pick out their best looking birds and put them together, trusting to  luck for tlie  coveted    young  board.to "it with a large strap hinge, j st6ck that they wish, to produce? Per  Ihe giant stride is created by mount-;haps a g00d deal of^e work of mat.  ing a-wagon skein on top of the pole  to be used, then a smaii wagon wheel  is placed upon it. Ropeo long enough  to reach the ground are tied to the  rim of the wheel. A satisfactory size  for the turning pole is from orie-and-  three-fourths to two inches in diameter. The slide is a shallow trough constructed of a close grained wood such  as maple or birch, worked smooth inside.  In the list of apparatus there should  be included a good supply of baseballs.!  and bats. The playground ball is es-'  pecially good for games, because it is  large enough to be easily found when  lost, and it is so sor". that there is jiot  much danger of even the smallest  children receiving serious injury. It is  not expensive and will last many  weeks if the children will take the  trouble to sew it when ripped. The  teacher should have a goodly number  of games suitable for all grades of  children, and the children should be  organized into groups so that they all  may-have a chance to play.  Playgrounds for rural schools have  ben most successful abroad. Why not  in America? The cities have them.  Have not the country boy and girl'an  equal right to play?  Butter From Saskatchewan  Shipments of butter from Saskatchewan to points outside the province  last year totalled 52 carloads, according to a statement made by the dairy  commissioner at the annual convention of the Saskatchewan Dairymen's  association. This is a great change  from recent conditions when Saskatchewan was an importer of butter for  its own needs, but the commissioner  says the industry is just in its infancy  as there is an unlimited export market. Under the careful government  supervision, under which creamery  butter is produced in the province,  Saskatchewan butter has attained an  excellent quality which has been  shown by the preference accorded it  on  outside markets.  Leaden Water Pipes  Tn 1251; lead r-ipc began to be used  for  carryiiiK water.  Has been Canada's  favorite yeast for  more than forty  years.  Enough for 5c. to  produce 50 large  loaves of fine,  wholesome nourishing home made bread. Do  not experiment, there is nothing  just as good.  ing can be voiced in the foregoing sen  tence, but there is absolutely no question that will not briug always the  desired result. Two birds of inferior  merit.with good blood lines properly  mated may produce much better than  two better birds that are not at all  suitable to each other.  Just what one might do or advise is  very hard to know unless the available  stock to mate up can be gone over.  In a different flock somewhat different  lines might be adopted and yet each  although different might be the best in  their respective cases. Everyone has  the Standard of Perfection as a guide  or if they have not they should have.  Even for the .'producing of market  poultry or producers of greater quantities of eggs careful mating will help  materially. With a fixed ideal in mind  and remembering that size and shape  ' are very much imparted by the female  and style and color by the male, birds  may be brought together, the one to  offset the known faults of the other.  The nearer alike these birds and their  blood lines are the more nearly alike  will their offspring be. This is-why  line-breeding is so much practised, for  where the lines are similar they coincide or "nick" and reproduce their  like. All definite forms or charts for  indefinite breeding without using out-  crosses invites that style of breeding  keeping lines for new blood distinct  from all the other lines in the "flock.  This, of course, is a very big subject  and one that invites considerable difference of opinion simply because one  fails with.it while the other is successful. But outside of this entirely  and whether one practises line-breading .or not, much can be done to improve results when tlie actual mating  is done at the beginning of the breeding season.  Just how carefully the selection of  the breeding pens is made at this time  will determine the results showing in  the chicks next fall. Vitality is such  an essential thing that one is tempted  to say that having this will insure  good results and so it will as far as it  Without it satisfactory results  The    Retired   Farmer is  Not Always  Contented in His New Surround-'  . ."''   ings ��������� ���������'''���������'������������������  Every spring in almost every section of the country there is an exodus  of middle aged and elderly farmers  from the farm to the little towns���������a  sort rof counter movement to the back  to the land migration of town folks.  We have investigated many of these  exchanges of the farm for the town,  and we are convinced that in most  cases the initiative has been taken by  the wife, the husband acquiescing  willingly or grudgingly as his interest  in his farm home was slight or deep  rooted.  But why do farmers want to sell or  rent their farms, give up the habits of  a lifetime and move into a cramped  house in the town? Doubtless in a  majority of instances the answer  would be that the difficulty of obtaining help indoors and out, and the consequent hard work entailed upon the  farm owner, make the change desirable or imperative. Then there are  the wife and daughters longing for a  little more liveliness and excitement;  but at the bottom of it all is that  restlessness and air impelling desire  for a change which attacks every man  when he has reached middle life. If  one is able to withstand the disease  for a few years, he is likely to find  his familiar environment take on new  -attractions. Just now in our neighborhood this insistent desire for a change  has gripped a number-of my neighbors, so hard that they are joining in  excursions to Florida, in the hope of  finding swamps, where, it is claimed,  summer is perpetual, the alligators  good company, the neighbors rich, refined and cultured, and where an assured and ample income is derived  from celery, asparagus, potatoes or  some other single crop to which the  land is alleged to be peculiarly well  adapted. Some of our neighbors who  have returned are full of enthusiasm,  while others, and these are the.more  observing and successful at home, see  nothing particularly inviting in the  Florida prospect.  What does a man who has lived and  worked on a farm for fifty years or  longer gain by moving to town and  engaging in the monotonous task of  kiling time?  gains leisure,  has time to get into the front line  whenever a. fire occurs and the engines are brought into play; but even  that novelty grows stale in time. He  has leisure to visit the court room  and witness the administration of justice, as it is displayed in the trial of  scores of trivial and petty cases; but  he soon finds that it adds little to his  contentment or satisfaction of mind,  and less to his income. And it is the'  paucity of his income that is a constant source of worry to himself and  his good wife. To get along on it at  all it is necessary to skimp and pare  and to sail close to the wind. What  would happen if the crops should  prove bad and the tenant default in  the payment of his rent, they dare not  think; and so they find eventually that  life in the town is not all it was to  their imagination as, they discussed  the prospect in the sitting room back  home, and that not even the privilege  of sitting on a store box in front of a  town dry goods store in the bright  spring weather, swapping,farm experiences with other "retireH" and marooned farmers, provides the entire  satisfaction it was supposed to. I have  seen many of these abandoned farmers in the country town, and very few  of them wear a happy smile. The older men seem to me to have lost all interest in the game of life, and to have  descended to the role of petty gossip-  ers, while waiting for the grim Reaper to gather them in, to be laid away  finally underneath the clods and the  grass they had long ago hastened to  escape when they decided to leave the  Urges Revival of Religion  Sir   David   Beatt'y  Says- Britain   Must  Get Betterment Out of War  Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty,  commander of the First British Battle  Cruiser Squadron, whose ships defeated the Germans in the North Sea, has  made a stirring appeal for a great religious revival in Britain as a necessary step to victory in the war. In a  letter read at the annual convention  of the Society for the Propagation of  Christian Knowledge,  lie ,writes:  "Surely Almighty God does not la-  tend this war to be just a hideous  fracas. There ; must be purpose in  it; improvement 'must come out of  it. "In what direction? France has  already shown us the : way and.has  risen out of her ruined cities witha  revival of religion that is wonderful.  Russia has been welded into a whole,  and religion inlays a great part. Britain still remains to be taken out of  the stupor of self-satisfaction and  complacency into which her flourishing condition has steeped her. Until  she can be stired outof this condition, until a religious revival takes  place, just so long will the war continue..; ���������'..':���������- "t  "::':  "When she can look on (lie future  with humbler eyes and a prayer on  her lips, then we can begin to count  the days towards the end. Your society is helping to this.end, and so is  helping to bring the war to a successful-end." -. 'L--.:  Reduction of Hours  Not Conquered, But Overrun  Germany   Will   Not   Permanently   Acquire Any  New  Territory as  a-  Result of the War.  The   German  Emperor     will   make  hiniself the  laughing stock    of    the  world if he appoints his second son,  Prince   Eitel -Fredrich;   King  of   Serbia.   The Throne of Serbia is not yet  vacant,   and   the   territory   of  Serbia  is. stin iinconquerea, in spue or tlie  fact that its capital has been transferred to a foreign country. The same  remark applies to Belgium, whose  capital was removed to France early  in the war, as was also that of Montenegro a few day3 ago. There, is not a  sane  observer of current events out-  Beneficial   Effects   Evidenced   in   England   Through   Curtailment   of -  Sale of Liquor ,  The following part of an \;fJ.i'.qria<'  fiom the Ottawa Citizen shows thai  the reduction in the hours (luring  which'liquor nn.-y be sold hi Liverpool, has produced remarkable results. Imagine what it would have  been if it had been prohibited entirely.  "The war has shown the ueccssity  for economy and tha cutting of nonessentials. When such are in addition,  harmful to the individual and family  ���������the foundation of society��������� there"  should be no hesitation in curtailing  their sale or altogether prohibiting it.  Britain, where the liquor interests-  are more strongly entrenched, than in  Canada, has seen the beneficial results  of its restriction regarding the sale  liquor.; ./Liverpool, wnara the anti-  treating law has been strictly enforced, declares that the new regulations,  have/proved the virtual salvation of  the community, in sal'2; guarding the  families of the poor, and others, from  actual poverty. The city formerly had  the".reputation ;��������� of being one of the  worst in the kingdom*, now it has become ".que-of ;th2 soberest, and -a  drunken person on the streets is a  rare sight. With added sobriety.lias  come a ^remarkable increase in industry, and the authorities believe that  troubles with dock workers and other  classes will now be less frequent. The  hours for drinking in .Liverpool are  limited from noon each day to'2.80 p.m.  and from 6.30 to 9..'50 p.m. Outside  these hours it is impossible to buy  liquor in Liverpool.  The Liverpool regulations have  proved more successful than those of  London, simply because thoy have applied to rich and poor alike. In London they are aimed at the poor, and  not until this week did the authorities  close down on the'--'fashionable cafes  where dancing and drinking continued  into the early hours of the morning.  But the recent action of the .London  authorities may sooircause a condition  of affairs in the Capital similar to  those in vogue now "in Liverpool.  In Ontario the decision of the government will be hailed as an earnest  of its intention to deal with the pro-  side of Germany who does not believe |blem in response to pirldic demand;  1     We -.-spend  and waste about half a  that each of these.three kingdoms will  be freed from the Teutonic invaders  at or before the conclusion of the war,  land that each of'them will be territorially enlarged as the result of the  whole international, catacylsm.  History abounds  in precedents  for  this  view  of  the  present    situation.  , , Scotland, was  overrun in    the    four-  ��������� p n, J6-    ,    ��������� p,i������8 tt    teenth centu.-y bv the English army,  ' -1:.lt^r, ls,,desir.aDie*,/re|and her crowned king was for several  million dollars a day through tho liquor  traffic. Can we afford it?���������if. Aruolt,  M.B., M.C.P.S.  gjf MADE IN CANADA  farm for a home in town, fails to real  ize the investment in happiness and  content that is promised at the outset.  iE.W.GILLETTCO.LTDi  TORONTO. ONT,  WINNIPEO MONTREAL.  W. N. U. 1093  goes _ _..    ._ _ ,  cannot possiblv be expected* so that l farm,   it seems to me that no matter  it is  absolutely  necessary  that  both | how it is viewed, this abandoning the  the male and tho female have vitality.   "  '        ' '" '"   *"M~ * '  Having it in both sides of tho mating  should assure it in the young stock.  How the . little defects have kept  showing themselves in the growing  chicks. Many time:; tiicse wiil show  the predominant faulty tendencies and  corrections can be made by selection  to overcome these tendencies the next  season. Very often we are inclined to  think the male is considered the main  j selection and the greatest care to -secure the very best obtainable, but he  - cannot produce  his full value unless  ! the females suit him. This is where  a great deal of disappointment arises  for sometimes there is such an absolute difference of characteristics that  but a very few birds will be as good  fas the parents.  Some breeders tako weeks to get  their matings made and frequently  when a mating proves to produce exceptional specimens will keep the mating together as long as the birds produce. They are afraid other birds  mated with the same specimens might  not produce as well . No, it is impossible to be too careful in this matter  of mating and cvn after the matings  are made if tlier* appears room for  improvement, it is well to make it and  get the longest benefit possible from  What Splendid Soldiers  When one reads that British Columbia is sending more men to the war  than any other similar division of tho  British empire, one realizes what  splendid soldiers the Colonials must  be, for those are no weaklings who  have sought out the i.orthwestern  wilds to conquer them. It is said that  in one recent month 1,200 men came  up the Fraser river from points on the  Caribou trail and joined a regiment.  ���������Springfield Republican.  Chimneys  Chimneys  became a part of house  construction as early as 123G.  .' "Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure  to Cold Winds and Dust  KVC quickly relieved by Murino  ,Yr.3 Eye Remedy. No Smarting, just Eye Comfort. At Your Druggists'  60c per Bottle. Murine Eye Salve inTubes25c.  For Book of the Eye Free write  ffiflurlne Eyo Remvdy Company, Chicago  years a fugitive among tlie mountains  of his own kingdom, but that kingdom  was during the interval only in a state  of suspense. Napoleon Bonaparte in  1808 made his own brother, Joseph,  King of Spain, but the captive Spanish monarch was restored after the  explosion of the French army in 1814;  an interval of seven years. Napoleon  himself took Vienna twice and Berlin once in the interval between 1805  and 1S09 but it did not occur to������anyone  that these kingdoms had thereby been  subjugated. To attempt to inflict a  German king on either Serbia or Montenegro would at the present stage of  the war be regarded as presumptive  proof of the insanity of the German  monarch. '      .  Whatever delusions the Kaiser may  still cherish about beating the allies  into submission, there is not a commander in his army or navy, not a  statesman in his chancellory, not a  dignitary among his ecclesiastics, not  a professor in bis universities, not an  economist or a financier worthy of  either title in his whole realm that  regards such an outcome of the war as  a possibility. They know, if he does  not, that Germany can permanently  acquire no territory as the result of  this .war, and that it is possible, if not  probable, she will lose some. They  know that the allies can, by adopting  a certain mode of warfare, cause her  to choose between being choked to  death and being bled to death. It is  still open to Germany to save something from the wreck of the empire,  but not even that will be possible for  any considerable time. ��������� Toronto  Globe.  An  indignant  mother wrote  lo  the  'principal of the high, school:  "Dear Sir,���������My son writes ma that  he has to study too hard. He says he  has to translate fifty hexameters ot  Latin a.day. I looked 'hexameter' up  in the dictionary and find it is a poetic  verse of six feet. Now, that makes'  three hundred feet, or one hu'.idrecl  yards of poetry for my poor son to  translate each day. t think about half  a hexameter, or thirty-six inches, of  this Latin is plenty for a boy or his  age.    Your truly, Mrs. Smith."  Germany Expects to  Retain Belgium  Sites Selected  in Antwerp on  Which  Official  Teuton   Buildings  Will  be Erected  The determination of the Germans  to remain in Belgium and hold Antwerp is clearly shown by an incident  told to a newspaper correspondent by  a neutral who has just returned from  there.  The owners of the great printing  plant of Bellemans Freres, which was  badly wrecked by' the bombardment,  requested the "Kommandantur" for  permission to rebuild. He was refused the ground on which the building had been located on the Marche  Aux Oeufs, adjacent to the cathedral.  The German governor declared the  old buildings near the monument, including the Meir Bridge, must be destroyed to permit the construction of  official buildings of Teuton architecture.  The basement of the Hotel de Ville,  the neutral reported, was already  transformed into a rathskeller.  ��������� New York's Speedway  Drivers of fast horses in New York  city have the costliest speedway in  the world. It cost ?3,000,000 and is  reserved, by the city for the special  use of.drivers of fast horses. It begins at' One Hundred and Fifty-fifth  street and extends north to Dyckman  street, a distance of four and one-  quarter miles.  ' *���������-jLVO viij ?.!~j������).  Well-known Women.  Chatham, Ont.���������"I was sick for about  four years. Got very weak, could not  c^it to amount to  anything. I got  very thin and had  no streuglh at all.  I was very much  discouraged at"  times ��������� thought J  was never going to  get better. I  could not- walk a  block without feeling all tired-out.  I took different  medicines but did  not get the help I needed. A friend of  mine advised mc to try Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription. I began to take it  with the 'Pieasanfc Pellets' and by the.  time I had taken two bottles I was well  on tlie road to recovery, and in six months  I was entirely well. My appetite came  back and I gained in flesh. Now I am as  strong and healthy as any one could wish  to be. I owe it all to Dr. Pierce's medicine'" and I am glad of the opportunity  to give testimony in their favor; they  have done wonders for mc."���������Miss  Thelma Pakkkk, 141 E. King St.  Chatham, Ont.���������"I have taken Dr,  Pierce's medicine with good results. I  was weak and run down, lost my apnetito  and gob very thin. I took 'Favorite  Prescription' and 'Pleasant Pellets' and  these two medicines built mo up in a very  short space of time so that I felt ns well  as ever. I found them to be all that L  recommended of them; they are good."���������  Mrs. Wir. Weese, Cor. Taylor & Grand  Ave., E., Chatham, Ont.  Every woman who has backache, headache, low spirits, sleepless nights, owes it  to herself to speedily overcome the trouble  before a breakdown causes prostration.  Dr. Pierce's Favorite Prescription is  a non-alcoholic remedy that any.-tiling  woman can safely |take because it 3a prepared from roots and herbs with pure  glycerine, containing tonic properties. yr-ty  |.v  n  7  ETHE    SUN,    GRAND    FORKS,   B. &  To heal sqres, does not mean to  iheal over the outer skin, only to  Ihave the sores break out again.  Real healing, means going to the  root of the trouble and curing from  the base upward. That is the way  Kam-Buk heals, and that is why  Zam-Buk. cures arc lasting.  Zam-Buk, as soon as applied to  * sore, commences three processes.  It soothes the paia by drawing out  (tho inflammation. Being a strong  ipormicide, it thoroughly cleanses  tho aore by destroying all germs;  and then by its marvellous healing  power, it promotes the growth of  mow,' healthy tissue. As tho new  tissue gradually develops, it casts  off the old, until the diseased patch  ���������la replaced by new, healthy flesh.  Effected by this unique method of  healing, Zam-Buk cures are thorough and permanent. Send this  .article and ic. stamp for return  postage, to Zam-Buk Co., Toronto,  and we will send you a free trial.  box.  Economic Commission  to Divide up Work  Staff of Experts Will be Appointed to  Conduct  Investigations  The big problems which are being  attacked.by the Dominion J������cono,mic  "and Development Commission, especially, those in relation to conditions  after tho war, are^ to be loouea into  by the staff of experts. There are  nine members'on tire commission, and  for them all to visit the dmerent parts  of the country and investigate matters at first hand the number is ratuer  unwieldy. ��������� Senr.tor Lougneed and  Secretary Black have been working  on a plan which -contemplates a division of the work and specinc investigation by experts.  It is proposed to outline eight or  ten subjects upon which detailed investigation by these experts will bo  made. Primarily there is the question'of immigration after the war, and  the problem not only of selection but  of location of the immigrants, and assisting tiiem in getting a foothold in  the country. Otncr questions are agricultural production, transportation,  marketing and rural  credits.  Working Young Horses  Great* Care   Must   be   Taken   Not  to  Overwork the Growing Animal  Some young horses of good size and  ���������strength can safely be worked at two  years.of age, if they are worked moderately and handled with care, and  judgment.  The writer has broken and worked I  two young horses at two years of age, j  and in both cases they turned1 out to  be splendid mature animals. Both  grew, and developed right along till  they were live years of age, but they  were handled wlth'-utmost care and  fed liberally.  It is not reasonable to expect a two-  year-old or a three-year-old horse to  do as..much won. as a mature animal.  Tho young horse must be given a  light load at first, and it must noft be  pushed to its limit during the first  working period of its young life. It  is best to work the young horse with  a strong and reliable older one, giving the younger one advantage over  the old. A stay chain should be used  on the older uorso so that he can  start the load and even pull, it by  himself in hard places. The load for  the team should never be excessively  heavy.  Another importan'. point in working  the young horse is to never work him  ?ull days at iirst, and never crowd  him to the point of fatigue, cspccially  on warm days. Do not try to worn  the life and vim out of the young  animal at iirst simply because he has  lifo and vim. Such is apt to ruin his  spirit and result in a stow or balky'  animal. You wish to preserve his  vim and spirit for later use.  And, by all means, feed the young  working animal liberally of a variety  to furnish energy for work and materials for the building of rich blood,  muscle, and bon \ Feed some oats,  corn,-wheat bran, and alfalfa or clover hay, with a little oil' meal. The  young animal must be built up in body  as he works and grows.  Duncan Campbell paid a visit to a  friend in Glasgow, who took him to  dine in a rather Bohemian restaurant.  Duncan's natural caution led him to  look around often to see that his hat  and coat remained still on the peg  where he had left them.  "You are a suspicious chap," said  his friend at last. ''Who do you tlwk  is going to walk in here and steal  our coats?"  "Canna say," replied Duncan, "but  I'll talc' guid care .that naebuddy gets  awa' wi' mine. Yoors went ten mean-  its ago."  Methods of Detecting Life  Bovril makes other foods,  nourish you. It has a Bodybuilding power proved equal  to from 10 to 20 times the  amount   of    Bovril    taken.  A Purely Vegetable Pill.���������The chief  ingredients of Parmelee's Vegetable  Pills are mandrake and dandelion,  3edative and purgative, but perfectly  harmless in their action. They cleanse  and purify and have a most healthful  effect upon the. secretions of the digestive organs. The dyspeptic and all  who suffer from liver and kidneys ailments will find in .these pills the most  effective medicine in concentrated  form that has yet been offered to the  suffering.  "Percy looks a bit worried this afternoon;"  "Yes, poor fellow. His valet is  down sick and Percy doesn't know  whether the tie he's wearing is the  one to go with the suit he's got on."  TO H������K DAUGHTER  Her Health Must Be Carefully  Guarded as She Approaches  Womanhood  The mother who call to mind her  own girlhood knows how urgently ner  datigncer is  likciy to  need neip ana  strength   in. the years between eany  school days    and wdmannood.    It    is  trren that growing girls tiroou, become  feeble,   bloodless   and   nervous.     .Nature is calling for. more nourishment  tnan tho biood can supply.    Signs of  distress  are  plainly evident    in  dial  eyes, pale cheeks,    weak and aching  ducks, lits of depression and otteu a  dislike for proper lood.    'ritese signs  mean anaemia���������tnat is bloodlessrieos.  .   The watchful mother taaes prompt  stops to give her girl the new, rion,  red blood her system calls for, by giving her Ur. Williams" Pink Pills, winch  trunstornr weak, anaemic gins into a  condition  of- perfect  rieaiiu,  through  the rich, new Dlood these pills actuary  make.    No  other medicine  lias  ever  succeeded like Dr. Wiliams' Pink "Pills  and thousands ot weak, disheartened  girls  have  proved their  wortn.   Miss |  Mabel  Sinclair,  Cobourg,  Ont.,  says:  ������������������About three years ago 1 was a very  sick, nervous and run down girl.   At  the least excitement 1 would tremble  and faint away, and the.slightest noise  would annoy me.   I had severe pains  about the heart, and would often take  dizzy  and  smothering  spells.    I  lost  in weight and  the color all left my  face.    My    mother  got  all  sorts' of  Inedicine for me, but all failed to -do  hie any good, and I  wa&  still going  down hill.    One clay we read in the  newspaper of a similar case cured by  Dr. Williams' Pink Pills   and the next  time  my-mother  went  to  town  she  got three  boxes.    In a short time 1  telt the Pills were helping me, and  from  that on every day they helped  me  more.    I    took    altogether  nine  uoxes and felt like a new person.    1  was ready foi all my meals, gained in  weight;   the color came  back to my  cheeks, and I was again enjoying perfect health,    and have ever since enjoyed that blessed condition.   I earnestly advise all weak girls to give Dr.  Williams' Pink PUls a fair trial, as I  am sure they will do as much for them  as-they did for me."  You can get these pills' from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  The Leaning Tower  The campaniles of St. Mark and  Pisa were built or begun in the same  century���������viz., the twelfth. The leaning tower is 179 feet high and 51 feet  8 inches in diameter, cylindrical in  form, the exterior entirely built of  white marble and the interior of Verruca  stone.  Vor years Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator has ranked as the most  effective preparation manufactured,  and it always maintains its reputation.  An Old New York Grave  The oldest'gravc in Trinity churchyard, New York City, so far as can be  determined, is that of Richard Church-  er. The stone on the grave indicates  that the boy died at the age of five  and a half years, April 5, 1681.  Methods Used to Determine Whether  Wounded Soldiers Are Alive or  Dead  Three methods used in the rear of  the fighting lines by army surgeons to  determine in doubtful cases whether  a soldier wno has fallen is alive or  dead arc described in La Clinica JYIed-  ica Italiana, and discussed in the current number of the Medical Record,  The first of these is to drop ether into  the conjunctival sac of one eye. If  this is followed by a reddening of the  conjunctiva, it affords .proof that the  circulation is intact, and that life is  still present. The other eye is used  as a control. Tho second test has been  recently proposed by lcard. It consists  in the subcutaneous* injection of fluor-  escin, which, if the individual is still  living, is soon followed by a yellowish coloring of the skin and mucusa.  The conjunctiva and the mucous membrane of the mouth, and "particularly  the fremim of tho tongue, show this  coloration most distinctly. ' The test  consists in the injection of eight to  ten cubic centimeters of a solution of  20 grams of fluorescin and 30 grams  of sodium carbonate in 100 grams of  ���������distilled water. A negativo result is  obtained in cases of marked slowing  or enfeeblement of the circulation,  as during the agonal condition. The  third test has recently been proposed  by Halluin. It consists in the direct  exploration of the heart by means- of a  stilette. This is introduced throuogh  a small incision in one of the intercostal spaces. Any movement of the  heart is communicated to the stilette.  In some cases of suspended animation  it is possible to arouse cardiac activity by means of gentle movements of  the stilette, combined with artificial  respiration.���������Springfield     Republican.  IS  Can quickly be overcome by  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely v  ���������act surety  gently on till ver. Cure  Alioujness,  Head-  ache,  Dizziness, and Indigestion.    They  do  their duty.  Small Pill, Small Dote, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  Forests of the Philippines, according to a government expert, contain  200,000,000,000 boara feet of lumber,  one-half as much as hi the forest re-,  serves of the United States, but on  one-eighth the area of land.'  The Nova Scotia "Lumber King"  says:  "I consider MINARD'S LINIMENT  the best LINIMENT in use.  I got my foot badly jammed lately.  I bathed it well with MINARD'S LINIMENT and it was as well as ever next  day.  Yours very- truly,  t. c. Mcmullen.  He���������Are you superstitious when  thirteen persons sit down to the table  at the same time?  She���������Well, not superstitious, but I  am sometimes worried, if I have cooked only enough for. ten.  With so thorough a preparation at  hand as Miller's Worm Powders the  mother who allows her children to suffer from the ravages of worms is unwise and culpably careless. A child  subjected to the attacks of worms  is always "unhealthy and will be stunted in its growth. It is a merciful act  to rid it of these destructive parasites,  especially when it can be done without difficulty.'  "Jack, I wish you'd come to see me  occasionally."  "Why, Vanessa, I thought you were  engaged  to  Algernon  Fitzwliistle?"  "No; but I think I could if I could  organize a little brisk competition."  Lumbago's Misery Ceases,  Every Aching Muscle Cured  JUST RUB ON OLD-TIME  "NERVILINE"  Draft French Women fcr Army Work  "Women must replace auxiliary  soldiers in the army clothing stores,  uniform repair shops, hosptials and,  so far as possible, in the shell making  factories," says Gen. Gallieni in a  statement made public recently.  Rigid instructions to this effect  have been ent to the military authorities throughout France.  "An initial experiment in tentatively  replacing men with women," General  Gallieni says, "has proved completely successful, especially in office work  in the ministries. The time has come  to draft the women for real army  work."  Self-made Host (showing his pictures)���������I don't know whether it's a  Lancia or a Holbein. I bought a  motor car at the same time and got  the tags mixed.  Plessisville, Que.  "I suffered from Kidney Trouble fcr  several years, and tried numerous remedies  and doctors' prescriptions without permanent  relief, my case being chronic. Alter seeing  about Gin Fills, and as it i.s a well known  fact that Juniper, without alcohol, is excellent  for tlie Kidneys, I decided to try Gin Pills.  One single pill gave rue great relief. I have  now taken four boxes of Gin Pills and find  myself completely cured. No mure bad  humor���������increase in weight���������clear eyes���������fresh  color���������more strength 'and vigor. This is  what Gin Pills have done for me."  II. POWIS HERBKRT.  Your druggists sells Gin Pills 50c. a box  or six boxes $2.50.   Write for free'sninp'c to  National Drug & Chemical Co.  of Canada, Limited, Toronto.  Housing the Sheep  Contrary to general opinion, sheep  as well as any other class of farm  animals require clean, dry shelter. It  is especially important that the feet  and lleece be kept dry. If their quarters are dry and clean the sheep will  stand very cold weather without discomfort or disease. There must be  ample ventilation, for sheep if closely  crowded sweat badly and quickly use  up oxygen in the air, but there must  bo no drafts as sheep are very subject  to colds. In tlie ordinary climato the  sheep barn may be constructed of one  thickness of. matched boards. It  should be large enough to house the  entire flock without crowding. Windows enough to permit lots of sunshine to enter and clean, dry bedding  under foot are necessities. The lambing pens should bo of warmer construction than the general shed.  Incense  Incense is the resinous gum that exudes from a tree found in British So-  maililand from near Berbera to Cape  Guardafui. Some incense comes from  a region adjoining Maskat, near the  Arabian coast. Inferior incense is  found in India, but tlie best and greatest quantity comes from British So-  maliland.  Not necessary to drug inside!-  That awful.stiffness that makes you  yelp worse than a kicked dog will be  cured���������eured for ,a .certainty; and  quickly, too, if you just rub on Nerviline.  Rub Nerviline right into the sore  spot, rub lots of it over those tortured  muscles, do this and the pain will go.  You see Nerviline is thin, not oily.  Therefore, it sinks in, it penetrates  through the ������-tissues, it gets right to  those stiff, sore -muscles 'and irritated  nerves that make j'ou dance with pain.  You'll get almost instant relief from  muscle soreness, stiffness, aching  joints, lameness or rheumatism by  rubbing with Nerviline. It's a soothing .liniment, and doesn't blister,  doesn't burn, or even stain the skin.  It's the most harmless cure in the  world for Lumbago, Back Strain or  Sciatica. It takes away the ache at  once and ends your misery quickly.  Now quit complaining���������don't suffer  another day���������Nerviline, that good,  soothing old-time liniment will limber-  you up mighty quick. Get busy today, the large 50c family size bottle  is the most economical, of course, the  trial size costs but 25c. Any dealer  anywhere can supply Nerviline.  LITTLE    ���������  !COUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little-Things,''  thd wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeability���������the   flame.  Is Canada Ready?  Lord Derby believes that after the  war there will be a rush ,of young  Britshers to Canada. It is to be hoped  Lord Derby is a correct prognosticat-  or, and that Canada is ready for the  rush when it comes.���������Calgary Herald.  Run to One  Name  In the vilage of Walchwil, Switzerland, out of a population of 1,0-14 no  fewer than  508  persons  posspss  the  name of Hurlimann.  Minard's Linimont Cures Garget In  Cows.  Rapid Shoemaking  A piece of leather can now lie transformed into a pair of boots ill thirty-  four minutes, passing through the  hands of sixty-three people and  through fifteen machines.  W. N. U. 1093  Bleaching Ivory  Ivory may be bleached by placing it  in a glass dish filled with turpentine  and exposing it for two or three days!  to tlie sunlight. '  is the indirect cause of much  winter sickness���������it allows chills,  invites colds and sickness.'  Nourishment alone makea blood-  not drugs or liquors���������and tho nourishing food in Scott 'a Emulsion charges  summer blood with winter richness  and increases the red corpuscles.  Ita Cod Liver Oil warm*  the body, fortifios the lungs,  and alleviate* rhoumntic ������  tendencies.  YOUR DRUGGIST HAS IT.  M-45      -SHUN SUBSTITUTES.  msssnm  are made' of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  All Eddy products   are dc-   I_  pendable products���������Always  Cook's Csttoa Root Compo^-l  HOW'S THIS?  Wo offer One Hundred Dollars Re������  ward for any    case  of Catarrh  that  cannot be    cured    by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  P. J. CHEN'ES & CO., Toledo, O.  We, the undersigned, have known B*.  J. Cheney for the last 15 years, and be- !  Hove him perfectly honest In all business  transactions and linanclally able to carry  out any obligations made by hia firm.  NATIONAL  BANK  OF . COMMERCE.  Toledo. O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure Is taken internally,  acting directly upon tho blood and mucous surfaces of the system. Testimonials  eent free. Price 75 cents per bottlu.  Sold by all  drugeistH.  Take   Hall's i-'ainily Pills for constipa-*  Xlon.  A Bafe, reliable repulclinrr  medicine. Sold in three degrees of strength. No. 1,  $1; No. 2, 53; No. :*. J5  per box. Sold by all  druggists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. I'res  pamphlet.    Address;  the coo:-  roaoHTo. 0.1  3:<r;!i*o5L;inEcoJ  3������T. (.rsx3*;*i 'Kiiar.J  THE NEW FRENCH REMEDV. SVi. ���������������2.N.a  THERAPIOWfia^,!:  ereat success, cukes ciif.omc v;e ik.vlss. ilcjj- vir.ow  *   VIM. KID.VEV.    ULAU11KK.  WSEASI-.S.   1II.OOL.    rf'lurw  .    FILES.   EITHER  No. DPi;GfHSTScr MAILS'. POST'-I "cM  I  FoeceitA Co. 90, peekman si-.nf.w yope -.':_���������������������������������������������'��������� ������������������������ -rni  I roKO.vro.   write ior FfiEE BfjOK 111 tit-.. I.i:'c- fko  MEo.Co.i������M'i:nsTen:sRD.irAMPiTEAO. 1 o-;:,o-; A.;  TRY NEW DRAOEE".rASTEr.r.S.-i* KORMOy    i-.sv ���������-������' ���������,'.' vi  THEftAPION &&&z  IftE THAT TRAOi;   MARKED WORIJ   * "1 MEI'AHC;.',- ��������� 13 OH  WIT. O0VT.5TAUI' AFFIXEO XO ALL OE.NS.I.NE J-ACIET*  ������;>v,-1, fi.yt.wa r m:wv." mt:u>. r;r������s ,r- f?.-  Prohibition Law Tor Saskatchewan  By a unanimous decision lite r:om-  mittcc of One Hundred ol" the Saskatchewan Social, Moral and Reform  League, went on record for prohibition, and is- asking- the Saskatchewan  government for the abolition of tho  remaining liquor stores within the  province, and to so amsntl the Sales  of Liquor Act of 1015 as to necessitate  the closing of all liquor stores within  the province ou and after June 30,  1910.  An amendment asking lhat the  government have a plebiscite at the  next provincial election in December,  1916, when the people shall decide  whether or not there shall be prohibition, was lost, only -'even members voting for it.  The brain of a man exceeds twice  that of any other animal.  PERFECTION RAZOR PASTE  Will sliiiipin your Razor l!<-ikr :i-i:1 (jui.-k -r  than i:mi lis; ('on- in iin-,- other hmv. Lasts n  Lifetime. S.-it'sf:u.-iio;i iriiai.intccd or nun v  refunded post free 25 Cents. I'.,M.- I :i -.or  Sliorjs 75 Cents. <>. |<. strops $1.50 ���������Befit  Mado. -Canada Hon'o Co., V,:iv.;'.:u.>;i, .Maui-  tolvi. C'liinda. '  SELLING   AGENTS   WANTED  In every town in Canada to sell "Sterling Clothes" to measure:. Thev are ab  solutely  ulars.  STERLING   TAILORING  535 College Street  juiiranteert.   Write for partlc  CO., .  Toronto  SOME TREATMENT.-Descrlbr, your dlseaie,  and write for free book and testimonials.  THE CANADA CANCER  INSTITUTE, LiMlTio  tO CHURCHILL AVE.. TOnONTO  Putting One Over  The grouch was dissatisfied with  tlie letter which his stenographer presented for his signature. II? signed,  but made her--'put it back into tho  machine and add: I'.S.--Dictated to  ja poor stenographer.  She folded tlie letter and put it in  the envelope, but no sooner was her  employer's back turned than flhe took  it out and added: P.S. No. 11���������The reason I am so poor Ih because he pays  me only $6 per week.  WMm>zm^mmM&mmmm- THE   SUN,    JRAND   FORKS,   b. C.  Fault  ri"t, we will fradkly tell you so.  will run correctly.  s  Does your watch run  correctly?   Ft" you ex  pericnce any diflicul  ty   with  it, leave   it  with   us.      We   will  give it an expert ex  am'ination. If it needs  repairs   wc  can. supply them at a moderate cost,    if  it  does  A watch repaired by us  A, D, MORRISON iWSi'ZgXVX  G. A.  EVANS, EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION  RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (iii Canada arid Great Britain) SI.00  One Year (in the United States)      1.50  Address all communications to  .,-   The Gkand Fours Sun,  1'iiosr K7-1 ViiiAND Forks, B. C.  FRIDAY, APRIL 7,  1910  W. J. H.  Manitoba I  in his Heliogram column   in   the  roe Press, indulges in  the . follow-  ijj- musings:  In the legislature a year ago today the  whitewashing report of the Iioblin majority of  the public accounts committee on the Kelly  contracts was brought in, and the government  inajorit}'' in the house lined up solidly to steam  roller it through. And a year ago today. Mr.  Hudson moved -the. resolution presenting, the  report of the Liberal minority- on the public  accounts committee. . . . And a year ago  tomorrow the tottering of Iioblin government,  before the crash of its downfall, began to become distinctly.audible to the whole Dominion  "It was a year ago today, while Mr. Johnson was speaking in the house against the  steam-rollering operations in the public accounts committee, that the cry 'Take your  medicine!' was raised on the government side.  . . . And over its report of the legislature  a Winnipeg newspaper, in headlines in poster  type, proclaimed: 'Complete Reply of Government to All Charges by Opposition���������Liberal Campaign of Insidious Mendacity���������Hudson's Deliberate Misleading of the Legislature.' . . . To make a few brief extracts  from only one of the several pieces of resounding Roblin government oratory set forth in  cold type under those headlines, the then premier said:  " 'The insinuation that witnesses have bgen  spirited away is absolutely^ untrue. . . .  Every statement my honorable friend (Mr.  Hudson) has made falls to the ground. He is  placed in the humiliating position of attempting to deceive the house and the country. .  . . Mr. Kelly came of his own accord, and  was at the public accounts committee, and  told then anything that was proper in connection with the contract. . . . If the leader  of the opposition was only fair, he might show  regret for his misstatements, for the wild and  extravagant language he used.'  "Those speeches, read today in the light of  the events of the past twelve months, are saddening stuff, and more conducive to thought  than most sermons."  There is more than a family resemblance between the proceedings a year ago in Winnipeg  and the events now taking place at Victoria.  The estimates pledging tlie province to an expenditure of two dollars for every dollar of  revenue have already been steam-rollered. The  whitewashing reports are booked to follow in  every case where the government is accused  of wrongdoing. The howl will soon be raised  that the government has completely replied to  every charge. Mr. Brewster and Mr. Mac-  donald will be accused of deliberately misleading the legislature and the public, All this  will happen just as in Manitoba. And then  the crash! The only difference is that the fate  which overtook Sir Kodmond Iioblin will be  much swifter in consigning Bowserism to political extinction.  penditure of $11,300,000. The public works  estimates comprise works and buildings,$606,-  900; roads, ��������� streets, bridgis and wharves, $2,-  255,800; subsidies and maintenance of steamboats, ferries and bridges, $115,060. The district appropriationsTbr roads, streets, bridges  and wharves are practically the same as the  present closing fiscal year,, and are as. follows:  Alberni, ,$55,500; Atlin. $18,000;- Cariboo,  -$123,000; Chilliwack, S33���������300; Columbia, $30,-  090; Comox, $59,500; Cowichan,$33,300; Cran-  brook, $41,000; Delta, $22,500; Dewdney,$08,-  500; Esquimalt, -$36,000; Fernie, -$41,000;  Grand Forks, -$28,800; Greenwood, $19,800;  The Islands, 27,000, Kamloops, 72,000; Kasb,  30,000; Lillooet, 05,000; Nanaimo, 9,000; Newcastle, 24,300, Okanagan, 79,ooo: lievelstoko,  37,ooo; Richmond, 40,ooo; Saanich, 5,5oo;  .Similkamccn 72,ooo; Skeena, 1.70,ooo; Slocan,  30,ooo; Yale, 51,3oo; Ymir, 72,ooo.  Here's is the queerest entry in the earlyj  fishing-story contest: Eugene Schultz, 12,  while skating on Pock creek, near Tiffin, Ohio,  broke through the ice. He sank to the bottom, and, in his horror, clutched out wildly.  His hand grasped.a 21-pound black bass. He  was still holding it when the other boys rescued him.  If the furest fiifi danger were p-presented by a .line  rising and falling us llin d-inger increased or decreased  there would be a sharp rise or "peak" in the few weeks  fitter tire winter snow leaves the woods. This is so much  the case that the term .''spring fires" is well known to  every forester. The ground is dry, the dead leaves and  herbage are sapless and tindery, and the l.east spark  may start a fire that will sweep whole miles of forest.  All who go lo the woods are cautioned to se6 that they  are especially careful to put out completely th< ir camp  firesand to see that no tires start from mutches, pipes,  cigar stubs or-firearms..-.Canada has many fire guardians  on duty at ttiis season, but if these rules are observed  much more timber will be saved than can be saved  through the most strenuous efforts of fire fighters. The  time to stop-a furest fire is before it starts. Canada is  in a war that is taxing her resources, and every patriotic citizen will do all he can to prevent the enemy being helped by the destruction of Canadian resources.  What is the longest'English word? Some time ago  the London Academy published a list of words of Gar  gantuan dimensions, with their authorities and.instances  of actual usage. Among other words which figure in the  list are velocipedistrianisticalistinarianologist, ultradis-  establishmentariasts, antidisestablishmentarian, ultranti  disestablish in en tarianists, a ntitranssubstantioationistical  Iy, tlocipauciriihilipilification (used by Sir Walter Scott  in his journal), and honorificabilitudinitatibus (used by  Shakespeare and several others}. Certain trifles such as  incircumscribtibleness, do not count, and the big word  of Rabelais, antipericametanarbeugedatnphicribrationis  is apparently ruled out, for the" Academy says: "The  Englishman's real jawbreaker is a Welsh word over which  Mr. Justice Lawrence once, at the Anglesey assizes,  asked an explanation from "Mr. Bryn lioberts, M. P.  What is the meaning of the letters 'p.g.' after the name  Llanlair? The answer was. It is ar. abbreviation for the  village of Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgngerychwyrndrobwl-  landysillogogoch. How is this pronounced? It will take  some healing This word of fifty four letter, if repeated  often enough, is said to be a cure for the toothache.  The estimates of revenue and expenditure  for the province for 1910-1917 were tabled in  the house just before Finance Minister TVimp-  bell read his budget speech last week'. The  estimated revenue of the province in round  figures for the fiscal year ending March 31,  1917, is  -$0,000,000, with   an   estimated   ex-  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  ggffiSff'ffiBB!mB^  e Sun's  Job Printing  Satisfies Our  Customers  tttiaMmwaiVg^^  NOTICE TO FARMERS  Before buying1 your GARDEN  GRASS  Or FIELD GRAIN don't fail to see us.  -  We can save you money"  E. C. HENNIGERj  ��������� SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 68 and receive prompt and courteous attention.  The following Flowering Shrubs and Plants  should now be planted:  And all Hardy Shrubs  a  y  All Hardy  . Special 25 per cent discount on all Shrubs and  Plants purchased before April 14th.  "Phone"us your Order,"  Prompt ��������� and careful attention given to all  orders, large or small.  FLORISTS  PH0NE20R      P.O. BOX417  GRAND    FORKS,  B. C  HANSEN 8 CO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Buy  Your  Gait C  oafi n  ow  Op"'-" '  F. Don ney's CI larSture  Tklki'honi's;  okfick, Rfi6 F pet Sfrppt  Hansen's Hksidi HCE.R381 ������0' ������,,DO'  AT YOUR  SERVICE  Modern Rigs  and Good  Horses at All Hours at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second Street  John Wamimaker says in Judicious j "~  Advertising:      "Advertising    doesn't  jerk; it pulls.    Tb begins   very gently  at first, bub the pull is steady.     It increases day by day and year   by year  unt  Pays for The  a ���������^agr vyp   gnn   f0I.   ail  entire year. It is the brightest  it exerts an 'irresistible   power."  paper in the Boundary con :iti:y THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B.C.  r S  herbaceous plants  just  as  soon  as  the'groung is dry enough  to   dig in  the spring, while it is moist and the  weather   comparatively     cool.      If  planting is delayed success   will   be  much less certain.  The tramp ng, or  pressing, of the soil about-the roots  of the plant to bring it in. close contact with   the roots so that moisture  will   be  quickly taken up is a very  experimental farms management,be-   important part of the   operation   of  sjdes advice on crop production, the  planting. The roots of the trees and  week,   3.91;   and   for  the   season  132.23. '  The fourth number of  seasonable  hint-; just .issued by   the Dominion  care of live stock, purchase of feed,  etc., contains the following hints on  hoiticulture, which thould be useful  to all gardeners and borticulluralists  whether operating on a large or small  scale: .  Kind of Vegetables and Flower  Seed to Buy.���������The difference in  price between tbe best 'strains of  seed and the inferior ones is very  small compared with the greatly su  perior product which' will be ob  taiued in most cases from the use of  high grade seed; hence only the b st  should bevpurchased. Lists'of best  varieties of vegetables and flowers  will, be found in the reports and  bulletins of the horticultural division.  Testing tbe Germination of Vegetable and Flower Seeds.���������Sometimes  ��������� seeds are received A'hich are   eitbtr  very low   in ��������� germinating   power or  will not germinate at all; the seed is  sown, and   much    valuable   time is  lost before one learns Lhat    tbe  germination is poor; and it may be too  late to plant the same kind  of  cr p  that  ytar.    Such loss i-> a oided tiy  obtaining seeds early enough to test  them and, if necessary, obtain fresh  seed in good lime. Tbe seed may "be  t. sted either in soil in  pots, or  between folds of   blotting paper which  are kept continually moist.  Hotbeds and Cold Frames.���������Any.  ,- one who has used a hotbed and cold  frame will not be without thetn; for  piants   such  as celery,' cauliflower, |  early cabbage, melons,' tomatoes and  onio -s for transplanting they are in  valuable. In parts of'Canada   where,  the  season   is   relatively sh< rt they !  make possible a crop'...���������'which    would!  otherwise not mature     In   most localities in Cmuida the hotbed is pre-j  I ared during the latter p;i- to- March J.  or b'ginning of April; full directions  are contained   in   Pamphlet No. 1(>   ;  of this division. ,     , !  Planting Trees, Sbrub3 and Her  baceous Perennial Plants.���������Caving to  the dry winds and warm weather  which occur in man parts of Canada  during the month of May it is very  i'npor ant to plant trees, shrubs and  shrubs ar.n herbaceous plants should  not be allowed to become' <Jry" from  the. time, they are dug from one  place until ihey ure pcnnted in another; failures often occur from exposure to the sun before planting.  Trees which are dry when received  may sometimes be saved by being  allowed to soak in water for 36  hours.  The Emma mine at Eholt,  owned  by    the  Consolidated   Mining company   of   Trail, is employing fourteen men, with prospects of  an   in  creased staff soon.  Thirteen new residents arrived in  Eholt last week. It may be a lucky  number for Eholt.  Dave Oxley has cleared ten   acres  of his ranch at Eholt.  TAKES OFi:' WAWDRUFF,  HAZE STOPS FALLING  Save your Hair!   Got a 25 cent bottle,  of Danderine.-right now���������Also  steps itching scalp.  "Damn",no longer  is considered  a swear word  at Harvard.   A group  of   students  specializing in numis  matics has discovered .the   Persians  years ago had a coin, the damn, the  smallest   they   had in   size and the  worthlessness of which is  exceeded  only   by   Mexican of   stage money.  Consequently,   tun  Perwiau    nloods  g-������t into   the   habit of saying  they  ���������*did not give a damn"   about   this  or  that to   show their indifference.  Tne word was later adopted into tne  English language.  Gtorge VV. Kumberger has returned to Phoenix, after spending  the past winter in the South.  Thin, brittle, colorless and scraggy  lair is mutt? evidence of a neglected  scalp;   of dandruff���������that awful scurf.  '  There is nothing so: destructive  to  rhe hair as dandruff.  It robs the hair  of its lustre, its strength and its very  life;  eventually producing a feverish-  ness and itching of the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair roots  to  shrink,  loosen  and  die���������-then   tlr  hair falls out fast.   A little. Danderi-  tonight���������now���������any   time���������will ''s'v  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent oottle of Knowlton's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just try a little Danderine.     Save    your   hair!    Try   it!  The   snowfall   in    Phoenix     for  March   was   17.61   inches; for   last  Yale  Barber Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"         __     __ %tf  P. A.  Z,   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, First Street  THE  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds."  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  R.C. M cGU TC HEO N  WINNIPEG AVENUE  Dealers in  Fresh and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  Our rJMotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  F. H. Heffner. cJ7Hanager  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Annually)    '  Enables traders  throughout  the   world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being- a complete commercial g-nido to London and- Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS  with the Goods they ship, and rhe Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail,  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  tbe principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade cards for $5, orlarger advertisements from S15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane,7London, E.G.  <tfunj/%  vr-ifa* * * ������ o c  1  wii  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected in yonrsection  SHIP YOUK FURS DIRECT to "SHUBERT-Mhe largest  house in tlie World dealing exclusively in NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur House with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a long successful record of sand ing Fur .Shippers prompt, SATIS FACTORY.  AN'D l'Rr/FITABL'i: returns. Write for "die jSIjuiitrt l&blpptr,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write for it-JVOW-ii's FREE  A   R   WURFPT  J������/-   25-27'VEST AUSTIN AVE.  /*. 15. SnUDLftlf IXC* Dopt.C87 CHICAGO.U.S.A-  The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read by the head of  tl������e family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified   Want   Ads.  *m $t* n *\n u m ������ i  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE  your   repairs   to   Armson, shoe   repairer.    Tho   Hub.    Look  for  the   Ilii;  Boot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  U IGIIKHT CASH PHICES paid for old S-ov- i  II   and   Kiuifft's.    K. C.  Peckhiim.   Second-!  Hiiil.Sloro  Assuring Your  usmess  C_y4 policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and  the protection thus secured  is well worth its annual  cost.  ��������� i.  Old customers die or move  away���������they    must   be   replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of temptation  ���������they ma^l be induced to  divide their custom���������to do  some of their shopping at a  competitor's.  New comers to this com-  munity will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������  if they are invited to do  so.  Your competitor's advertising is an influence which  must be offset if you are to  maintain your trade.  Not  to  advertise  regularly   to  the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is  to  leave  vour  business mi-  protected.  THE  It is no sign of weakness to!fol-  low the lead of advertising. You  owe it to yourself to get the  most for your money, the best  goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop whore you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good-will, you need have  no  compunction  of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop  ^ffliatuajimiLMMMiiuai^^  SS953&ESS  mmm&mmmsmistm  gngajiw  EssmsasismtgggBm  SI  HUH*-!.! iTHE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS*   B. C'  T "' ������"        *��������������� ���������������" '       -���������-" "i ������' ���������������" '��������������� '���������" '" "]]  JfflftKM^Vl^^  THE BEAUTY OF SUNLIGHT  is that every garment washed with it bears the  impress of purity; a purity begotten of sweet,  cleansing oils, and maintained��������� by absolute cleanliness in manufacture; a purity exalted ,by the  co-operation of workers united for the purpose;  a purity demonstrated by the "$5,000 guarantee"  which rests upon every bar of SUNLIGHT SOAP.  A substitute far Sunlight is not as good and never  can be.     Insist upon the genuine������������������Sunlight Soap1.  ���������  The name Lever on Soap is a guarantee  of Purity and Excellence.  What We Owe to the Farmers  Probably in no other part of tlie em-  piro have greater services been rendered to the cause of civilization during the past year than have, been  rendered by the farmers of Alberta.  This was the gist of the message of  greeting extended to the United Farmers of Alberta by Hon. James A.  Lougheed, minister without portfolio  in the Dominion cabinet, and with this  appreciation there will be general  agrosment. The farming class of Alberta has not only given hundreds of  men to the Canadian army that is now  on active service, but it has also produced the greatest crop that this province has known at a time when it was  most needed. Their services to the  empire has been of incalculable value,  and it is well understood that they  will continue to devote their best efforts to aid the cause of the entente  allies until the period of stress is ended.���������Calgary News-Telegram.  Year  of  Progress  Summed up as a twelvemonth of  achievement.for the prohibition cause,  the year 1914 takes a unique place.  All over Canada the agitation against  the liquor traffic awoke to renewed  life aud activity. Everywhere the better element in the community answered tlie call of duty. In every province  the stirring up of public sentiment to  fight against the great evil of the age  has been remarkable.���������Vancouver  World.  Minard's  theria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  Alberta's First Short Course  The Alberta department of agriculture is holding its first schools of  agriculture this winter. The department has made complete plans for giving the very best instruction possible  in live stock, dairying, agronomy and  poultry raising for the men, and complete courses of lectures in cooking,  sewing, laundry work and home nursing for the women.'  Ocean Water  At the botLom of the ocean water is  much colder than at the top.  Winter Hard on Baby  The winter season is a hard one on  the baby. He is more or less confined to stuffy, badly ventilated rooms.  It is so often stormy that the mother  does not get him out in the fresh- air  as often as she should. I-Ie catches  colds which racks his little system;  his stomach and bowels get out of  order and he .becomes peevish and  cross. To guard against this the  mother should keep a box of Baby's  Own Tablets in the house. They regulate the stomach and bowels and  break up colds. They are sold by  medicine dealers or by mail at 25  cents a box from The Dr. "Williams'*  Medicine Co., Brockville, Ont.  Calendars with white figures on a  dark background are more easily read  in an insufficiently lighted room than  those with, black figures upon white  paper.  FOOD FACTS  What  an   M.D.   Learned  A prominent physician went  through a food experience which he  makes public:  "It'was my own experience that first  led uie to advocate Grape-Nuts food:  and t also know from having prescribed it to convalescents and other weak  patients that this food is a wonderful  rebuilder and restorer of nerve and  brain tissue, as weil as musclo. It improves the digestion and patients gain,  just- as [ did in strength and weight,  very rapidly.  "I was in such a low state that  I had to give up my work entirely and go to the mountains, but  two months there did not improve mo;  in fact I was not quite as well as  when I left home. My food did not.  sust'iin me and it became plain lhat I  must change.  "1 began lo use f!rape-Nuts and  In two weeks T could walk n mile,  and in live weeks 'relumed to my  home and practice, taking up hard  work again, Since that time I have  felt as well find strong as I ever did  in my I if,".  "As a physician who seeks to help  all sufferers I consider it a duty to  make these fuels public."  Trial 10 days on Grape-Nuts when  tiie regular food docs not se;-*rn to sustain tho body will work wonders.  "There's  a  Reason."     Name   given  by  Canadian  Postum.    Co.,  Windsor,;  Ont.  Ever read the above letter? A new  one appears from time to time. They  are genuine, true, and full of human  interest.  ' A Fee to Asthma.���������Give Asthma  half a chance and it gains ground rapidly. But give- it repeated treatments  of Dr. .7. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy  and it will fall back even faster. There  is ho half way measure about this  remedy. It goes right to work and  drives asthma out. It reaches the inmost breathing passages and leaves  no place for the trouble to lurk. Have  it by.you for ready use.  Bread  in  Germany  The Germans, comparatively, do not  cat  much bread.    On many tables of  well-to-do persons it is never eaten at  the principal me*n of the day.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  Smart Young Man���������What do you  think of ]?rown'.'  Indignant Old Gentleman���������Urown,  sir! He is one of those people that  pat you on the back before your face,  and hit you in the eye behind your  back.���������Tit-nit*1.  It V/ill Prevent Ulcerated Throat.���������  At the first, symptoms of sore throat,  which presages ulceration and inflammation, lake a spoonful of Dr. Thomas'  Kcloctric OH. Add a little sugar to it  to make it palatable. It will allay the  irritation and prevent the ulceration  and swelling that are so painful.  Those who were periodically subject  to quinsy have thus made themselves  immune to attack.  W. N. U. 1093  "1 have here, sir, a compendium of  useful  knowledge."  "Does that book contain any information that will help me in my business?"  ''Most assuredly, sir. I understand  you deal in trunk.'?.''  "Yes."  "Well, there's a chapter on crime in  this volume that "Ives full details of  all the trunk mysteries ever recorded"  German Hopes Gone  It is not likely that any German expects now that Germany will win this  war. The.German arms have performed prodigies of valor, their trained  skill and efficiency has been the marvel of the world, but the failure lo  destroy the French armies and reach  Paris in the early weeks of the war  was doubtless fatal to their hopes.  Perhaps the great French victory at  tho battle of the Marno and the British victory at-Vprcs will be seen lo  have been the two decisive battles  of the war in ihe doepst sense, completely nullifying all the German victories in Russia and in \lhe Balkans.  ���������Rochester Herald.   ,  Still Singing  You can prevent this loathsome disease from running  UirouKli your stable and euro all tho colts suffering with  it when you begin the treatment. No rnaltoi; how young.  SPOHN'S Is safe, lo use on any colt. U is wonderful how  it prevents all distempers, no matter liow colts or horses  at any age arc "exposed." All good clruggists and turf  goods houses and manufacturers sell SPOHN'S by the  bottle or dozen. SPOHN- MEDICAL CO., Chemists and  Bacteriologists,   Goshen,   Incl.,   U.S.A.  raises  DODD'S KIDNEY PILLS CURED HIS  RHEUMATISM   .'  Mr. D. A. Brotherston Tells How His  Rheumatism Disappeared Over a  Year Ago and Has Never Come  Back.  Victoria Harbor, 'Ont.��������� (Special).���������  Cured of rheumatism over a. year ago  by using Dodd's Kidney Pills, Mr. 'D.  A. Brotherston, a well known resident of this place, is still singing the  praises of the great Canadian kidney  remedy.    ~       t -    ; .'"  "I was troubled with rheumatism in  my left hand, which would shift to my  elbow and then to my shoulder," Mr.  Brotherston says. "It was very annoying and painful at times, but I  heard of Dodd's Kidney Pills helping  others, so. I quit the liniment I was  using and,took six boxes of them. The  rheumatism disappeared. That > was  over a year ago, but it has not returned.  "I know Dodd's Kidney Pills are  good for kidney trouble .both in my  own case and through others who 'liavo  used them."  Rheumatism is. caused by uric acid  in the blood. If you cure your kidneys  by using Dodd's Kidney Pills they will  drain all the uric acid out of the blood  and there can be no rheumatism.  Canada's Vision  The Canadians have come,to realize  as never foofore tlie nature 'of a commonwealth and the great part they  play in it.  The superficial, idealism which the  Canadian has hitherto lulled his conscience and senses with has-been dispelled by a finer kind which holds  that progress is often a matter of  stern, duty and sacrifice, and not a  phase of fatalism.,_  Canada has taken up tho load. Sho  is sending her sons to suffer and die  on the battlefields of Europe and Asia  Minor. She is raising money for loans  and war funds. She has glimpsed a  vision���������tho vision of true commonweal, and by her action has not only  saved herself from ainutrition and decay, but is preserving and perpetuating a society wider than Canada, yet  one within which she can fulfil all  her hopes, ambitions -and service.���������  Buffalo News.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  ":.'���������"���������   .The Blood in the Body  ^There   are  twenty-eight  pounds   of  blood   in   the   body   of   an   average  grown-up person, and at each  pulsation the heart moves ten pounds.  "Largest Tree Trunk  Said to be the largest tree trunk in  the  world  is  that of a  tule tree at  I-Iitia. Mexico,  which    measures    145  fest in girth.  The ease with which corns and  warts can be removed by Holloway's  Corn Cure Is its strongest recommendation.    It seldom fails.  LOSSES   SURELY PREVENTED  by   Cutter's  Blackles  Pills.-   Low-  l>rlced. frosli, ro'l.ible; prefer; eil by  SVeatem stockmen bceauso they protect    whero    other    vaccines    fail.  Wrltc^for booklot and testimonial*.  10-doso pkge. Blacklog Pillt $1.00  50-doso pkgo. Blackleg Plll<   4.00  Use nny injector, "lint Cutter's best.-  The suporlovlly of Cutter products in due to over l������  years-of spoclallzine in vacoines and  jorums only.  Insist on Cutter's.    If unobtainable, order direct.  THE   CUTTEI1   LABORATORY,   Berkeley,'  California,  Don't take a violent purgative.   Right  the sluggish condition with the safe,  vegetable remedy which has held pub-  Jic confidence for over sixty years.  Hosiery Prices Advance  Those in America who insist on  imported hosiery will have to pay  more it in the future, says a report  from England. So will those who fancy  Scotch . material for their clothing.  Scotch woollen and hosiery manufacturers announce a substantial increase  in price owing to the scarcity of raw  wool; aud dyes.  From Australia also comes the  news of a shortage in Australian  supplies, due to the inability to secure  tonnage. Thus, factorymen are not  overwhelmed. There are bright" prospects for the coming season.  Largest Sale of Any Medicine in the World,  .   Sold everywhere    In boxej. 25 cents.  "I'm trying to get back to mc poor  old mother," whined the'tramp. "She  ain't, seen me face for ten long  years."  "I believe you are speaking the  truth," muttered tho old gentleman.  "Why don't you wash it?"  If every cliild in. every school-in this great  country could be taught this one rule of health  in such a. way as to appreciate its value, and  live up to it, health would abound, a multitude  of pains and aches would disappear, and  Canada would be known as a. country where people live  to a great age.  When you call the doctor his first question refers to  the condition of the bowels, and his first medicine is  intended to ensure the activity of these organs.' "Whether  you have a cold or appendicitis, kidney disease or rheumatism, there are poisons in the system which must be  removed, and which would not have lingered to cause  trouble if the bowels had been healthful and active.  For this reason we claim that the First and Most  Important Rule of Health is "Daily Movement of th?  Bowels."  If the bowels can be kept in healthful action at all  times there is little need for either doctor or medicines,  and about nine-tenths of the annoying and dangerous ills  of life a.re avoided.  The ideal corrective treatment for the bowels is .Dr.  Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills. Not only because of their  promptness of action, but also because they immediately  arouse the sluggish liver, and by so doing cure constipation.  The bile which is filtered from the blood by an active  liver is Nature's cathartic, so if you can keep the livet-  right there will be no sluggishness in the action of the  bowels." Keep the liver and kidneys healthy a-itd active by  using Dr. Chase's Kidney-Liver Pills and you will prevent  and cure constipation, and thereby avoid a multitude of ills.  One pill a dose, 25 cents a box, all dealers, or Ecuiuuison, Bates & Co., Ltd., Toronto.  Dr. Chase's Recipe Book, 1,000 selected recipes, sent free, if you mention this paper,  V THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,   B.C.  Si  THE  TALK ABOUT PEACE  AND WHAT IT  MEANS  The Future of the World for a Century to Come is Just as  at Stake in Settling the Terms of Peace as It is in  Winning the War  Much  The appeals for peace from neutral  countries, obviously inspired by Ger-  man.-Americans, German-Swiss or  other hyphenated patriots, is an un-  mistaakblo sign that Germany feels  her force is on the decline. That being so, it follows naturally tliat tlie  sooner she makes, or tries to make,  peace, the better leverage for bargaining sbe will have. On the other hand,  tho entente powers are just as anxious  for peace as Germany, but it must uu  peace on their terms. K the enemy  is not ready to accept these terms,  the war wm continue untu sue   .  The subject of peace term's is, therefore, of interest jusi now.    n m������)   ������tr  well to glance first at the terms Germany  anticipated  in   case  of  m  when she was in.the midst of her deliberate   preparations     j.wi-   luio    ������Ui.  They   were   published    aoout     seven  ���������years  ago in a French magazine,  in  ^ the form of a signed interview with  *��������� a prominent German official,    whose  name  was withheld  for obvious  reasons.    The  German stated    that his  countrymen had calculated the cost of  defeat on tho following basis:  The surrender of Met/, and Lorraine  to France.  The neutralization of Alsace.  The return of Schleswig-Holstcin, to  Denmark.  An indemnity of ?400,000,000 to  France.  Tho cession of the Kameruns and  Togland to France.  The cession of German East and  Southwest Africa to England.  The return of Heligoland to England.  The transfer of six German ironclads and twelve German cruisers to  England.  An indemnity of ?G00,000 to Russia.  Boundary rectifications in favor of  Russia.  It may now Ijo interesting to glance  at the tefms of peace in the event of a  German victory. They were published  shortly after the outbreak of _ the  war, and it was stated later that; owing to the "serious inconveniences" to  .��������� which the allies had put poor inoffensive German}*, thoy would probably be  made much more exacting when the  time came to formulate them officially. The reader will notice the difference between the two sets of terms.  The .following' represent the demands  of a victorious Germany:  The cession of all France's overseas  empire, amounting to 4,397,S26 square  miles, with a population of approximately 65,000,000.  The cession of north-eastern France,  \ . which includes some of the richest  iron districts in Central Europe, and  has numerous blast furnaces and iron  works. y  The demolition of all French forts  on that frontier.  The reduction of the French army  to 200,000  (from three million).  .The signing of a treaty of commerce on terms to be dictated by Germany.  The payment of an indemnity of  $4,000,000,000, Germany to practically  occupy the country until'two-thirds  had been paid in gold.  France to abandon Britain and Russia and sign an alliance with Germany  for  a period  of 25  years.  Those are only the terms to be demanded from France according to  Professor Hasekal. England was to  be occupied by German troops.and the  British overseas dominions were to be  taken over. Belgium was to be absorbed, together with her Congo territory in Africa. Poland was to be reestablished as a part of Austria. The  Russian Baltic provinces were to be  given up to Germany.  The German idea of war is not self-  defence but plunder, and this was  strikingly illustrated when Bismarck  visited London about half a century  ago. Kc remained silent practically  all the time he was being taken about  the priceless treasures of the museum  or the royal palaces or art galleries.  The historical associations of the venerable Tower of London left him unmoved. The exquisite haze that creeps  about the river during the long English twilight had no interest for him.  But when he had seen everything, he  roused himself from a fit of abstraction and murmured ecstatically.  "Wass fur plunder!" ("What a place  to plnnder").  'lhat, however, by the way. It may  bo well by way of conclusion to consider the terms of peace which the  victorious entente powers will demand  from the beaten Germanic empires  and their allies. The first step will be  the restoration of Belgium, Serbia,  Montenegro and Poland, with an indemnity sufficient to rebuild those  countries and to take care of their  ruined industries for at least twenty  years to come. The frontiers of Germany must be readjusted to satisfy  t very legitimate national aspiration of  ���������ihose who have the misfortune to.be  her neighbors. Germany must be separated from France by her natural  boundary Hue of the, Rhine, and from  Russia by an autonomous kingdom of  Poland. The menace of the German  fleet must be destroyed. The markets  r.f the entente powrs must be closed  to tho Germanic empires until they  have purged themselves of their un-  cleaness, and especially until they  have flung the Hohenzollerns and  their guilty advisers from power. German immigration into the overseas  portions of the entente empires must  be strictly regulated, if not prohibited  altogether, .for an indefinite period.  The Balkan kingdoms must "he reconstituted, as var as practicable, in ac-.  cordanco with nationalist principles,  and also taking into account the attitude of its various peoples towards  this war for civilization. Italy must  receive special consideration, both in  the north, where thero are large numbers of her sons under Austrian rule,  and in Albania. Turkey, will have to  be thrown right out of Europe. Russia, in that case, -would probably obtain Constantinople in addition to territorial compensation, in East Prussia  and elsewhere. Japan will no doubt  find satisfaction in the retention of  Kiau Chau, and possibly some other  portions of the German overseas oiii-  pire.     . :���������  The indemuity question will no  doubt receive special consideration.  Germany has crippled herself terribly  in her mad-adventure, but the allies  must think : of justice, before mercy,  and in; this connection any nonsense  from the pacificist cranks must V ���������  overwhelmed immediately by the  whole force of public opinion. The future of the world for a century to come  is : just as ; much at stake in settling  the terms of peace as in winning the  war. There is just one other point  worth mentioning, and that is that the  allies should, and probably will, refuse  to recognize the Kaiser or the government or auy of those who are considered to be responsible . for the war.  The German people will have to bear  the terrible cost of it, and the allies  should treat with tlieru direct through  their parliament..  HUGE- RUSSIAN TRADE  Dr. J. D. Prince Urges. Efficient Means  in   Getting   After   it  Dr. J. D. Prince, professor of Slavonic languages at Columbia University, New York, speaking at a luncheon of the Canadian Club at Montreal,  impressed upon the club the importance of cultivating more extensive  trade relations with Russia during the  war, so that after tho war was over  tho Dominion might bear its share in  permanently ousting the Germans  from Russian trade. There was a very  large attendance and much interest  was aroused by Dr. Prince's explanation of Russia's advance during the  past few years and the opportunities  that are opening up for extended  trade.  He pointed out that before the war  practically all Russia's foreign trade  was'handled by the Germans. 'This  huge trade could be taken over by  Canada, in part at least, if it adopted  the same efficient means of getting  after it, such as working through trade  agents, and especially training men.  at the universities and in business  ways so that they would not only understand Russian conditions, but be  able to speak the language. This latter, Dr. Prince emphasized, was a  prime factor, \ and he advocated the  establishment of work along these  lines in at least two Canadian universities, one in the east and one in the  west.-   - -"<;':'���������      ":  GOOD SHOWING OF  COMMISSARIAT DEPARTMENT  Three Good Meals a Day Provided for the British Troops, and  Plenty of Warm Clothing Helps to Make Conditions  in the Trenches as Favorable as Possible  Testing Seed Grain  It   is, doubtful    if any subject, excepting  only  the  war itself,  at  this  juncture, in  the    world's   history  is  commanding more attention than the  products    of    the  dairy,  w*ith  which  cold     storage    is     intimately  allied.  Therefore,  the  report of    the   dairy  and    cold  storage   commissioner for  the. fiscal  yeai", _ending JMarch   31st,  1915, recently issued, and which can  be had on application to the publications   branch,   department    of   agriculture, Ottawa, will doubtless be received- with   more  than  ordinary  attention. Tlie commissioner, Mr. j. A.  Ruddick, briefly records    his  experience   on a visit to Europe, as Canadian  government     delegate     to     the  sixth   International     Dairy   Congress  held in June, 19.1.4, at Berne, Switzerland.     Returning    via    England,  he  found    that possible favor, commanding even a better price than that of  New Zealand, where special and un-  remittent efforts  are being made to  capture  the British trade    in    dairy  products, and where the cheese factories have recently greatly increased  in    number.    Canadian  cheese,    Mr.  Ruddick  testifies,    has    become  the  standard for    all    ''mportalions.    He  paid a visit of inspection to the centres  of the Chedder cheese  industry  in   Shropshire,  Flintshire,   and     Cheshire and was surprised at its extent.  An interesting account is given m  the report of the extension of marketing facilities and of the operations of  the Finch and Brome. dairy stations.  Other    matters    dealt with   are. the  dairy herd records, excess of water in  butter, inspection of-weighing butter  and cheese, the activities of the Pre-  cooling and Experimental Fruit Storage warehouse, at Grimsby, Ont., cold  storage    progress,    publications    and  meetings.    An  exceptionally  full  appendix covering ninety-six pages, and  divided   into   twelve   sections,     deals  historically      with     the    twenty-five  years'    life    work    of the  assistant  dairy    commissioner,  Mr.  J.  C.   Cha-  pais,  with the work of the chief of  the  markets    extension division,    in  connection with which a quantity of  valuable    information    is    furnished  regarding the needs and methods of  the British and French markets with  tables  of prices  of every  variety of  farm  and garden  produce  and  stock  at each month in the war;  and with  dairy herd  records and  tests  in  different provinces.   Reports in full are  also furnished as parts of the appendix of the cold storage inspector, of  the chief inspector of dairy products,  of the fruit, cold storage and transportation  investigations division, and of  the  inspector  of  weighing  of  butter  and cheese, the whole concluding with  statistics  of   tlie   total  Canadian   exports  and  imports    of    butter    and  cheese for the last 35 years, for the  last seven years of the Canadian exports  of- cheese,   butter,  cream,  condensed  milk,  casein  and  fresh  milk,  and for the last 11 years of the total  exports  of cheese and butter by all  countries.  There is no real substitute which  Germany has discovered for the necessities of Avar and of life. She has  learned to go without. "If we cannot  drive as fast with the substitute rubber tires, we'simpjy drive a little slower, but get there just tho same." The  present German substitute for bread  is less bread. The substitute for meat  is much less meat. The substitute for  milk is no milk. Will they get there  just the same?-���������New York Post.  Many- Samples    of Oats  and  Barley  Show Signs of Frost Damage and  Are Unfit For Seed  ; Germination tests made on oats,  wheat and barley this/fall, at the Dominion seed laboratory, at Calgary,  show that there, are considerable  quantities, of oats and barley, particularly in Alberta and Saskatchewan which are unfit for seed. The  average percentage germination for  Alberta oats is' 6S per cent, and none  of the samples of Alberta oats received have germinated up to the  standard which is 95 per cent. Moreover the average preliminary count  which is made at the end of six days  is as low as 35 per cent. Good seed  oats should give a preliminary count  of 85 per cent, to 90 per cent, and a  final (14-day) count of 90 per cent,  to 98 per cent, of vital seeds.  Samples of oats received from Saskatchewan are somewhat better. The  average preliminary count is 50 per  cent, and the average final count is  86 per cent. Many samples show evidence of frost injury, these ���������."always'  giving low percentages of vital seeds,  both in the preliminary and final  counts. Alberta barley has also given  low germination percentages. The  average preliminary (6-day) count is  52 per cent, and the average final (14-  day) count is 70 per cent. These figures are very low and indicate that  considerable proportions of Alberta  oats and barley and Sasaktchewan  oats are weak in vitality and undesirable for seed purposes.  As one of the first essentials for  a good crop of any kind is good seed,  it is important that only good seed  with strong germination energy and  a high percentage of germinable  seeds .should be used. The germination energy of a sample is indicated  by the percentage of seeds which  germinate during the first four or  five days of the test. The premilin-  ary count, therefore, is an index of  the germination energy. If, for example, the preliminary count on a  sample of oats is 25 per cent., the  germination energy of the sample is  very low, but if the preliminary  count is 90 per cent., the germination energy is strong. Two samples  may vary as widely as this in the  preliminary count, but may coptain  the "same percentage of vital seeds  ������������������in which case the final - counts  would be the same. If the final  counts .only were considered, one of  these samples would be thought to  be as good as the other, while in  reality one is good seed and the  other undesirable for use as seed.  The sample with a high preliminary  count will withstand unfavorable  weather conditions at the time of  seeding very ��������� much better than the  other. It will give a more even  stand on the field and a crop which  will in all probability ripen somewhat earlier.  Farmers should satisfy themselves  before seeding time next spring that  their seed grain is of the best quality. This can only be done by a  germination test, conducted either at  home or at the Dominion seed lan-  oratory in Calgary. Samples up to  twenty-live in number will bo tested  at the seed laboratory free of charge  for any individual or company in one  year. Above this number 25 cents, per  test is charged.  Samples from Manitoba. Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia for test should bo addressed to  the Dominion seed laboratory, Box  1C84, Calgary, Alberta, and postage  paid by the sender. It is unneces-  to send stamps for return post-  For wheat, oats, barley and  of similar size, about half a  teacupful should be sent for test;  for seeds of smaller size, such as  tlax, red clover, timothy, etc., half  this quantity is sufficient. If more  than one sample of the same kind  of seed is sent for test they should  bear some distinguishing mark or  number.  Movies Making Strong-  Appeal at Base Camps  Military "Y" Provides Entertainment  in Many Stranae Theatres  Providing entertainment for Canadian soldiers near tho trenches in an  old barn at night, without heat or light,,  is one of the interesting experiences  of a Y.M.C.A. officer, as related in a  letter just received from France.  "Recently a colonel sent in a request,  for a night's entertainment for his  men, but added that it might be wise  to send someone in advance to view course  his accommodations, as all he had was  an old barn," he writes. "We found  the officers and all the men assembled  in the old barn, and, although without heat or light, we had a merry  evening. The piles of last year's straw  served as desirable seats for a large  number, while the overhead beams  were crowded with those who wauted  uninterrupted views. The curtain was  suspended among the cobwebs and the  pathescope machine mounted on a  couple of bully beef boxes, while the  gramophone was honored with a smail  table borowed from a farm house. ,  "No audience at a famous theatre  could have enjoyed the evening better than those chaps. When the  phonograph played pieces they knew  they all joined, in, and several times  during the evening they enlivened the  barn with selections that were not  known when the first division left Canada. Eight rolls, or films were shown,  and "when at the close of the evening  the colonel called for cheers for the  Y.M.C.A., they made the rafters ring,  and an officer from the column, who  accompanied me, said. 'The 'V.' sure  has a place in the hearts of those  men.'     , .'"..,���������      " v.  "Five nights a week are spent in  this way, and so far the column have  loaned me a car so that these ".places  can.'b'e reached. They average eight  "miles from the central 'Y.'  "Recently I asked an officer from  an Ontario town to accompany me on  one of these trips and operate the  machine, which he gladly did. At the  close of the evening he,said: 'Do you  know, the, last time I Iwas in the.'Y.'  they put me out for using bad language, and th-ore I've run throuyh six  films and haven't sworn once.'"  know,  thero  in which tho  department  showing as  in  has  Brit-  has  this  last  fed  IE SPREADING IN THE  NTHRAC1T  Years   Ago   Has  mmense Con-  Blaze   Started   Sixty  Burned Through  crete  Wall  The famous mino fire, which has  been raging now for more than sixty  years, and which started at Summit  Mill, Penn., near the spot where Phillip Ginter discovered anthracite coal  in 1871, has burned through the immense concrete wall which the Lehigh Coal and "Navigation Company  sank in front of it deep down' into the  earth several years ago, at a cost of  more than a "million dollars.--, It is  now threatening the mammoth vein  in the Panther Creek valley, the largest and richest vein of anthracite in  the world.  The wall, which was sunk into the  ground' to a depth of 100 feet, was  fifteen feet thick, of solid concrete,  antb-experts believed that the subterranean fire would never eat  through it, but that it would prevent it from spreading any farther  and eventually extinguish it. The  fact that the flames have eaten  through this huge barrier has caused  grave fears among the Lehigh Coal  and Navigation officials, who are now  putting forth every possible effort to  prevent the fire getting into the vast  beds  of anthracite  in the  vicinity.  A large force of men are at work  drilling holes deep into the earth,  and into these openings water and  slush is being poured directly on the  subterranean fire, in the hope of preventing a. rapid spread, if impossible  to extinguish it.  Already this fire has destroyed  millions "of dollars worth of coal,  while the sixty-year fight to extinguish it lias cost enormous sums.  0   As  most  people  i never been a war,  j ish    commissariat  made as good a  one.  Although the food supplies are  taken across from Britain, our troops  always have their meals prepared for  them���������three times a day, good wholesome food in abundance.      ,  The rations are carefully chosen  to support ,,the constitution, and to  avoid any possib-lo stomachic complications. In this respect all the  doctors agree the feeding of the men  has been splendidly effective.  There have been other troubles, of  Last year there were hardships which were inevitable, especially in the, French lines/and vet tho  cases, of illness due to the . weather  conditions and the discomforts of tho  trenches were negligible. This vear  the French High Command 'has  taken every advantage of the experience they gained during the  winter campaign.  The French troops are better  than the Germans. On the other aide  of tlie iron wall built across Europe,  tlie Germans . in the first line are  given only one meal a day���������at noon  ���������and have to be contented at night  with the coffee served out to them,  or else with such -provisions as they  have been able to buy for themselves. . '"..���������������������������   . ���������  The French commissariat has never failed to provide the entire army  with two good meals a day, and  when the temperature requires it,  hot drinks���������tea, coffee and fixed  measures of alcohol���������will be served  out regularly.  Excellent service is being rendered  by the cuisines roulantes (horse-  drawn camp kitchens), which aro attached to all the army corps at the  front, and a light railway (two-feet  gauge) has been constructed to link  up the distributing centres with tho  various rail-heads.  The troops have been wall provided with warm clothing, and wherever  necessary they have received new-  uniforms. Special attention has been  paid to the soldiers' boots. Tho  smallest units now have their cobblers' shops, and at the present  moment new : marching .boots ���������__... and  puttees are being distributed liberally. For the trenches waders have  been supplied, but one of the be3t  devices for keeping tlie men's feet  dry has - oeen found  dinary wooden sabot!  clothing of all kinds  liberally provided by  more than one private organization  Tlie most radical reforms that tho  French and British troops have adopted, however, is in the direction of  making the trenches as comfortable  and healthy as possible.  A great feature of these improvised barracks is the. stove, the place  of which in the front trenches is  taken by the charcoal brazier. Coal  may be short, but in the firing line  there is no scarcity of wood. For  lighting it has been" found that acetylene is both cheap and handy.  The German newspapers talk at  great length of the arrangements  made by their rulers to enable their  soldiers to keep themselves clean, although, as a matter of fact, the German soldier is extremely dirty. In  the French army as in the British  the complete absence of all epidemic  shows how well the high command  has looked after the men from this  point of view. Every precaution is  taken to ensure a good supply of  drinking water, evui in places like  the Champagne Pouilleuse, where in  times of peace good water was extremely scarce.  All the men have received from the  military doctors a series of short instructions to enanle them to prevent  themselves from being frost bitten.  A very large number of men are  working on the roads, which are now,  it is certain, better kept in the zone  of tho armies- than those near Paris.  .Mechanical transport is being used  as far as possible, even quite near  the firing line, in order to spare the  ���������men all physical exertion which can  be avoided.  to be the or-  Warm  under-  has  now*  been  the  state   and  sary  age.  seed  Forced Farm Production  France intends to see that the  nation's agricultural production is  brought to its maximum during tiie  war and a bill is being introduced  compelling the owners of uncultivated  land to begin tillage within two weeits  after notice which will be given by  registered letter.  Caserta Was Spy in Canada  That Caserta, the emissary of Yon  Papen of the German embassy at  Washington, was in Canada, acting as  a spy is a fact known to the Dominion police, lie was. here prior to the  war and for a few weeks after  outbreak.  At that, time Caserla was  known to be in tiie employ of  Germans, but subsequently lie  traced iir different parts of tho country. Before he could be apprehended,  however, ho escaped, and has not returned.  Tho police are not aware of any  depredations he committed, a pars,  from acting as a spy and endeavoring  to secure information of possible advantage to the enemy.  the  not  th.'  was  The famous detective gasped as he  arrived at tlie scone of the crime.  "Heavens," said ho, us he looked at  the window through which the thief  had escaped, "this is more serious  than I had expected! It's broken on  botli sides."  SOLDIERS MAY HELP  WITH M SEEDING  Men training for overseas service  will he allowed to take part in the  spring seeding throughout the Dominion. A short time ago E. N. Lewis,  M.P., called tho attention of the minister of militia to the fact that it  would be desirable for Canada to  plant as large an acreage as possible  this* year, that a great crop might be  grown and garnered for the benefit, of  Canada, of  l.iritain and of her allies.  General Hughes is therefore issuing  orders through the divisional commanders that men in units throughout  the country may obtain leave of absence from their military duti.>s in  the spring for a sufficient length of  time to enable <hc-ui to plant the need  for tho crops in every province in  Canada. In doing this, General  General Hughes is following the precedent set last summer, when the sold  iers in training  in the harvest.  were allowed to help  BH!!  ^UUi MiaigECTgratM THE   JSUiN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  *  IEWS OF IH  ME1EOROLO&ICAI  ;day   during  the   past    week, as re  H. C. l-Iaoington, formerly a bar- 'corded by the government thertnom-  rister in this city, has figured in tbc|eter on E* F* -Laws' ranch  .dispatches frqm Victoria during tbe  past two or three days. It is claimed  that Mr. Hanington, while inspector  of legal offices,received 8^0JO in con  nection   with   the   purchase by the  government of  the   Victoria courthouse site, according to evidence at  the inquiry into this deal before the ' Rainfa  public accounts committee.  SOUR, ACID STOMACHS,  ���������  | GASES OR INDIGESTION  The   following  is   the   minimum    Each "Pape's Diapepsin" digests 3000  and maximum temperature for each I       grains food, ending all stomach  r  Min.  Mar. 31��������� Friday  39  April   1���������Saturday   ....  30  2���������Sunday 29  3���������Monday  30  4���������Tuesday  35  o���������Wednesday .. 35  6���������Thursday   31  Max.  51  55  B3  G5  64  56  ���������04  Inches  . 0.24  misery in five minutes.  The      Kettle     Valley       railway  The .Sun is your paper,   it is pub 'is     now    carrying    the   mails   to  lished in the interest of   its   readers. ; points east and west of Merritt.  It is rend by more people  in   Grand.    Forks and   the   Kettle' valley than !     A meeting of the Tennis club was  any  other  paper   published   inthe;Delf- on Wednesday in the   odice of  Boundary country.    The   policy   of S T- Hull on First street,  its editor is to give   you   interesling, j  cheerful, and    helpful   information;  lo keep you in touch with tbe com  munity; in fact, to bind our   "fami  ly tie?."    It   is,   has   been, and always will be our opinion   that little  things s������-*en and heard   by our read-  eis will help to carry out   tbe   aims  and ambitions of   the editor and infuse a little n^w blood into   its  col  urns    occasionally���������different    view  points.  Come ahead!  We know you  haveu't   much   time,   but 'did   vou  ever really want to do anything and  not find the time to do it?    Just jot  down something and send it  in.    If  it.interests you, it is quite certain to  interest others.    We   want   just the  little  out nf-the-ordinary    everyday  events;    we   don't   expect   literary  masterpieces from busy men.    Start  something.  Charles Kinney has sold his interest in the Elkhorn mine to George  White, who now owns the control in  that property.  Time it! In five minutes all stomach distress will go. No indigestion,  heartburn, sourness or belching of  gas, acid, or eructations of undigested  food, no dizziness, bloating, foul  breath or headache.  Pape's Diapepsin is noted for its  speed in regulating upset stomachs.-^  It is the surest, quickest stomach remedy in the whole world and besides it  is harmless. Put an end to stomach  trouble forever by getting a largo  fifty-cent case of Pape's Diapepsin  from any drug store. You realize in  five minutes how needless it is to suffer from indigestion, dyspepsia or any  stomach, disorder. It's tho quickest,  surest and most harmless stomach  doctor in the world.  Eor  vvatches,G locks and J  Go to  ewe!lery~  l'/S  m  m  Lj,  First Street, Gran'd Forks  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  I Specialty: Fine Watch Repairs  A copper refinery is being built at  "mil.  This summer 15,000 soldiers   will  train at Vernon.  Trains are beginning to keep   better time.  E. F. Flynn," representing Rrad-  streets, was in the city this week in  search of financial information.  Wednesday, April 12, at S p.m.,  I here will be given by. a special choir  in tlie Baptist "church Maker's sacred cantata, "The Voice of the  Shepherd," with vocal and instru  menial music and readings in the  second part of the program. Harp  Mrs. K. J. Painton; violin, E J.  Coker; organ, Mrs C VV. King an-l  Mr. Painton. Admission tie . Collection.  -.0 UiiirJT "-JAtfCAKETS"  IF BILIOUS OR COSTIVE  For   Sick   Headache,   Sour   Stomach,  Sluggish Liver and Bowels���������They  work while you  sleep.  Eggs for Hatching���������Whit" Wysin  dottes; from   leading   pen of Wyan  dottes  in   four official contests, in  eluding   Panama-Pacific;   82.00  per  setting      Wm.    Liddicoat,     Grand  Forks, B  C.  It is stated that since the war the  population of British Columbia has  decreased 100,0000.  Reserve next Wednesday, 8 p.m ,  April 12, for the sacred concert in  the Baptist church. Maker's cantata, "The Voice of the Shepherd,',  with other vocal'and instrumental  selections and readings, will provide an evening of pea ��������������� tire for all  lovers of music. Admission free.  Collection.  35'acres near my residence on  the bench; 150 bearing fruit,  trees and smalt fruits; ten cows and good cream separator'  small house for tenant. Will furnishteam, wagons, plows-  harrows, cultivators, and all necessary implements, and rent  for one-half the proceeds. I also have 55 acres near the  greenhouses which I will rent, without teams or implements,  for one-third of the crop. This  is a rare opportunity. Appls to g^igg  The Sun man has been appointed sales agent in Grand  Forks for a period of two years  of the Independent Brand of  Counter Sales Books. These  books are manufactured by a  Toronto firm which is not  allilrated with the counter-  iHhik trust. Samples and  :)!'iv;es will arrive in this city  in a lew days.  Furred Tongue, Bad Taste, Indigestion, Sallow Skin and Miserable Headaches  come from a torpid  liver and  clogged    bowels,   which   cause   your  stomach  to  become filled  with  undigested food, which sours_and ferments  like garbage in a swill' barrel.   That's  rhe hrst step to untold misery���������iudi-  ^y'stion, foul gasos, bad breath, yellow  -rlrin, mental fears, everything that is  Lorritle and nauseating.    A Cascaret  to-night   will   give   your   constipated  ': owelj.   -a    thorough    cleansing    and  straighten you out by morning.    They  work while .you sleep���������a 10-cent box j  from your druggist will keep you feel- !  ng good for months.  GIVE "SYRUP OF FIGS"  TO CONSTIPATED CHILD  Delicious "Fruit Laxative" can't harm  tender little Stomach, liver  and. bowels.  The Famous Blatch ford- Davis Shoes just arrived. The very" last word in Stylish Shoes for  Ladies.  Fancy Dull Kid,  Gypsey-cut, button  Gun Metal Calf,  Button . ...  iB  Patent Calf,                                                 '   E  Cloth top, plain toe, lace   <sJ  Patent Calf, j-  Dull Kid top, plain toe, button  ������P  These Shoes surpass in style,   quality and   price  any  thing we know of in the market.  A Special School Shoe for Girls-  Gun metal, button, at   3.75  Look   at  the   tongue,   mother!     If  coated, your little one's stomach, liver  and   bowels  need  cleansing at  once.  When peevish, cross, listless, doesn't  sleep, eat or act naturally, or is feverish,   stomach  sour,  breath   bad;   has  sore throat, diarrhoea, full of cold, give  a teaspoonful of "California Syrup of  Figs," and in a few hours all the foul,  constipated    waste,    undigested    food  and sour bile gently moves out of its  little bowels without griping, and you  have a wall, .playful chilj again.    Ask  your druggfst  iov a 5:j-cent bottle  of  "California Syrup'of Figs," which contains  ful! ��������� directions  for babies,  children of all ages and for grown-ups.  Addressing Mai!  to Soldiers  Tn order to facilitate the   handling  of   mail    at    the    front and to insure i  prompt delivery it   is   reijin-st* d   that!  all mail be addressed ,-ss follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rani*  (c) Name,  (d) .Squadron, battery or company  (e) Battalion, regiment (or other  unit), staff appointment or department.  (f) Canadian Contingent.  (i.r)   British rCxpeditiormrv Force,  (li)  Army Post,   London,   hhiglarid  Unnecessary    mention    of     highrr  formations, such as brigades, rlvisions,  is strictly forhidden, -irid causes delay.  Accept no substitutes, but get the  original���������The Grand Forks Sun. " It  gathers and pi ints the news of the  city and district first.  Granby Shipments for 1915  Tbe following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  Tons  January    42,211  February :    63,09  March.   69,948  Agril :....;.  85,382  May  100.693  June   103,004  July 101,058  August......... ......103.062  September 93.*24n  October  .-.'    96,430  November     82. 18?  December..-    9-1.475  ri^fl.'JVKU'oi js.-.   jlimOj  HOW TO USE IT   -  Jotfi'-i'HhNh: Ti'iKjK Bakki', Editor.  'otiil... ...1,084,786  (Jail and give us the opportunity of proving that vve  have the values.  9  S  PHONE  0  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any $2 a year paper printed in the  Boundary. This is the reason wiry  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemos to gain new subscriber's or to  hold those we already have.  CLEANIN  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one-  half that nf its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper It usps no indirect or  questionable methndsj������ secure subscribers.  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  We SUN PRINT SHOP  Citizens are requested to clean up i  : their premises, burn all combustible j  ' material, and place tins, etc., in  boxes in convenient places for removal by City Team, free of charge,  not later than April 10th. Citizens  not takinS advantage of this offer  will be compelled to pay for the  cleaning of their premises.  . A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For Progressive. Men arid Women,  Business arid Professional' Cluo  Women, Teachers,-'Students, .Ministers, Doctors, Ltnvyers, Steno^m  pliers, and for all who wish lo  Speak and Write Correct Enidish  .PARTIAL LIST OF CONTENTS  Your- Every Day -Vocabulary���������How-  to enlarge it.  Words, Their Meanings 'and Their  Uses���������-Pronunciations with, illustrative sentences.  Helps for Speakers  Helps for Writers  Helps for Teachers.  Business English for the Business Man  Correct English for the Beginner.  Corraot English for the Advanced Pu-  pil.  Shall and Will:   How to   Use   Them.  Should and Would: How to Use,Them  Sample Copy 10c.    Subscription Price  '82 00 a Year.  Eva.nston, Illinois.  Lady Barber  in  (Advertise  in  We   SUN  The City Council have designated  Friday, April 14th, as Arbor Day,  and have arranged with the Riverside  Nurseries to allow a discount of one-  third on the listed prices of all ornamental and shade trees purchased  before that date. The oitiV-ns are  urged to take advantage of such ar-'  ranuements and put forth an extra  effort towards ihe beautifying of the  city by following (he ex unfile of the  Council in purchasing and planting  trees.  Eggs and Day-old Chicks for Sale  Orders filled  in rotation.  Get your orders in early.  25 Setting Hens Wanted  ills 8 BarringLam  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  When you get your jol>  printing at The Sun office you  can depend on it that the work-  has been done by men who  know their trade. We have no  men in this office who pose as  experts after ,,ralkinp; through  a couple of country shops half  a dozen times.  "Type wns made to read " This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.


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