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The Grand Forks Sun and Kettle Valley Orchardist Apr 14, 1916

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 Jt������  .'-'',Legislative-Library. ^. J^,  Kettle Valley Orchardist  FIFTEENTH YEAR���������No. 23  GRAND FORKS   B. C, FEIDAY, APRIL 14, 1916  $1.00 PER YEAR  .- ��������� All. thealdermen were present'at  the regular, m'eetiogof the oily coun-  (ii on Monday evening In the absence of Mayor Acres, Aid. Shea-Is  wa-J voted.to the chair. .  Capt Kirk and Lieut. Stenstrom  were present at the' meeting. Mr.  " Stenstrom stated that if the. council  would furnish the poles, the local  compHny ,of the 225th battalion  would"pr )cure the wire and extend  . the lighting system to the military  camp at the fairgrounds.  On motion of Aid. McCallum and  'McArdle, the  clerk   was  instructed  to notify Lieut. Stenstrom  that   the  council would endeav_o_r_to   procun-  the poles required toextend the pole  ' line to the military camp.    .  W.   J.   Galipeau   addressed    the  coun-il and asked   that  the   waterworks  system   he  extended to   his  and James West's residences  in the  Van N-ss addition.    lie stated, that  ���������they were   willing to dig the trench  *������������������   for the pipe free, with the exception  of 140 feet, for which they expected  compensation at the rate of 10c   per  . foot, to be taken out-in'water rates.  In consideration of the  free digging  they did not expect to pay any   tap  '/"'ping   fees:    The'-chairman  of' the  water and   light  committee   stated  that it would   be   more  satisfactory  to   the   council    if   the    applicants  would present a regularly signed'petition for water accompanied by the  usual  tapping fees,   and  allow   the  city to pay for tha exte- son   of  the  system.    Mr. Galipeau thought that  this arraugement would be  satisfac  tory to the applicants.    On motion,  the matter was left in the hands  of  the water and light committee, with  power to act.  Rev. J. 0. Hobden asked that the  council improve the retaining wall at  the     Methodist     parsonage.     The  wall was in very bad condition, and  something should   be  done with it.  Mr.  Lathe   was  also   present,   and  went mure fully into the  case     On  motion of Aid. Donaldson   and McCallum, the board of works was  instructed to meet the trustees of   the  Methodist church  and   attempt to  arrange to arrange a satisfactory solution  of   the   matter.    The'board  was also given power to act.  The fire department extended an  invitation to the members of the  council to be present at a 'Smoker"  to be given by the brigade in tbe  Columbia fire hall on Tuesday evening, April 24. The invitation was  accepted with thanks.  City Health Officer" Kingston reported that the alley back of the  old post office and also the alley in  the rear oi Baneson's store were in  unsanitary condition. The report  was placed on file and referred to  the health and relief committee.  J. W. Harris was granted permission to plant potatoes on a city lot.  A communication from the Union  of Canadian Municipalities regarding the good work being done by  the Journal of Canadian Municipalities was ordered filed.  Messrs. Bickerton, Innes et al.  petitioned the council for a 2 inch  water   main to   their properties in-  i li-lerred to the water and light com  jmittee, with power to ac'.  Tne  chairman   of   the watpr and (  conmiilee   rej orte 1. that  the   c'tv  waterworks system wis now in   bet  ter   condition   than-" it had been for  some time;  . The chairman of the hoard .of  works rep.orted that Wm.- Bornhron  had made application for permission to run a drain pipe into the  sceptic tank at his business block on  First street. On motion of Aid.  Donaldson and McArdle, the chairmen of the board of works, health  and relief and water and light committees were instructed to inveiti-  gate Mr. Bonthran's request and to  report to the council.  . The past month's accumulation of  accounts were ordered to be paid.  The chairman of the cemetery  and parks committee reported that  ihe committee'bad decided lo plant  about eighty rive trees on Arbor  day, principally at the cemetery and  on Winnipeg avenue. Orr motion,  the committee was authorized to  (.urchase the required number of  trees.  The chairman of the   health   and  INTEREST  dent Order of Oddfellows, will be  conducted by Rev. J. D. Hobden  in the Methodist church on Sunday,  April 30, at 7:30 p.m.  It required "a direct questiqn by  the opposition (in this1 instance, M.  A. Mccdonald, Vancouver) to bri ng  out the admission, contrary to general ministerial assurances, that already the province has begun to  pay through the nose for the government's reckless railway bond  guaranteeing policy. In regard to  the Pacific Great Eastern, Mr. Mac-  donald "asked:. "Has any default  taken place of any interest due under said bmds?" Thus put up to  him, Premier Bowser's official answer, last week, in the house was:  "Yes; interest due January 15, 1916,  S316,016 80, was p-iiuWby the province."  Wm. Carter had new potatoes for  dinner yesterday.    They grew in a  j pit during zero weather.  Miss Stark will hold her kindergarten Easter closing on Tuesday  afternoon, April 20, in the schoolroom of the Baptist church at 4  o'clock. All parents and friends are  cordially invited.  SUCCESS*  I  - A crew has been put to wore on  the completion of construction of  the Hope section of the Kettle Valley railway, and it is expected that  a stait will be made from the Merrill end of the line towards the end  of the present month.  relief committee recommended that  the unsightly buildings in the rear  of the old post office and back of  tbe new jewelry store be ordered re  moved. The resommendation was  < oncurred in by the council. He  -ilso reported that but one application had been received for charity.  Aid. Dona.ldson's bylaw amending tbe procedure bylaw was reconsidered 8nd finally  passed.  METEOROLOGICAL  The following is the minimum  and maximum temperature for each  day during the past week, as re  corded by the government thermometer on E. F. Laws' ranch: ���������  Min:  April 7���������Friday....  8���������Saturday.  9��������� Sundry..  10���������Monday..  11���������Tuesday..  12���������Wednesday  29  35:  46  39  41  31  13  -Thursday..... 37  Rainfall.  Max.  64  69  59  62  5G  60  63  Indies  . 0.23  True   bills   were   foun-^ last wepk  by a Winnipeg  grand  jury,    which  had been investigating   the   charges  for   some   weeks, against  Sir  Rod-  mond lloblin', ex-premier  of   Manitoba;   Geo. R. Cold well   and   James  H. Hovvden, who were   members  of  the Roblin cabinet; and Thos. Kelly,  contractor for the parliament   build  ings.'   The   bills   against   the  three  ministers were for conspiracy to defraud, corruption of   witnesses,   and  attempting to corrupt witnesses.    A  true.bill was also found -against  Sir  Rodmond for destruction   of  public  documents and also for  attempting  to destroy   public documents.    Thi-'  true bill against Thos. Kelly was for  theft, receiving aud obtaining money  under false, pretences, and   perjury.  Kelly   at   present   is in   the United  Stai.es, fighting extradition   to   Can  a.da     The grand jury recommended  that the trial be held in June.  K. Morrison, late of the Boundary  Feed & Supply company, will, open  a cash grocery in the building on  First slreet formerly occupied by  Clark Bros. He expects to be ready  to commence business on Wednesday next.  A most enjoyable and successful  sacred concert was held in the Baptist church Wednesday evening. The  attendance was large, and frequent  expressions of appreciation were in  evidence throughout the entire performance.  The program opened under-tbe  able baton of Choir Leader A. J.  Harais with F. C. Maker's cantata,  "The Voice of the Shepherd." The  rendition of the several solos, duets  and "choruses was impressives and  at times rousing, while the familiar  and ever favorite figure of "The  Good Shepherd," caring for and  giving His life a ransom for His  flock was clearly enunciated and  beautifully wrought out.  The following took part in the  cantata and other selections later in  the evening, the first five being soloists: Mrs. E. C. Henniger, Mrs.  W. J. Dawes, Mrs. C. W. Chittenden, W. J. Harris, W. H. Tasker;  and Mrs. A. J. Harris, Mrs. A. R.  Martin, Mrs. A. S. Matbeson, and  Rev. C. W. King; Mrs C. VV. King,  organist, and E. J. Coker, violinist.  E. C. Henniger, as chairman, in a  pleasing way Introduced tbe various  numb^ejs^of -the second part of the  program. Mrs. Chitteudeu and Mr.  Tasker rendered solos in their usual  effective manner. Every one was  Capt.   and   Mrs.   G.   S   Kirk and   touched deeply by Mrs. Page's   ren-  A Sabbath well spent brings a  week of content. You are invited  to spend it in worship at the.Meth-  odist church on Sunday. Services at  11a.m. and 7:30 p.m. Subject ol  the pastor's  "But ".  evening      address:  Today is Arbor day, and the citizens.are out this afternoon planting  trees.  children returned on Saturday from  England, where they have been visiting friends and relatives at their  old home for the part two or three  months.  Pat Emery, the well known writer,  novelist and globe trotter, was raised  in one of the  big mining camps in  Central Australia.    Although water  was $1  a gallon   in that camp, Pat  has never taken a driuk of   booze in  his life, and only played  one  game  of cards since he was   born.    He  is  forty  years   old, and has a fiue pair  of black eyes.    He has been busy of  late   in  compiling   and   publishing  advertising literature in British Columbia.    In   one   of .these publications  he roasted Al Traunweiser, of  Grand Forks, to  a  rich and golden  brown. Al resented this kind of notoriety by   hitting  Pat  in the top  lights.    Pat says he will sue Traun  weiser for damages, and   if  successful he intends to   give the  proceeds  to the  Patriotic  fund,���������Greenwood  Ledge.  The Liberal party has no policy,  prattle the peripatetic parrots who  go around trying to "rally" what's  left of Bowser machine auxiliaries  in the constituencies. It won't have  any soon, in a sense, after the  drowning Bowster administration  gets through frantically grabbing all  the main planks of the Liberal policy  to try to keep afloat oiu_a little  longer.���������Pacific Canadian.  James Rooke returned on Saturday from an extended trip to vari  ous points in the prairie provinces  In order to recover $540 due him  for wages as watchman, R. PI. Whit-  ford has put a mechanic's lien upon  the Carmi mine at Qurmi.  NEWS OF THE CITY  BI Bain bridge returned on Saturday from Franklin camp, where he  has been doing development work on  his mineral claims during the past  two months. As recreation,Mr. Bain-  bridge put in his spare time trapping, and he brought down with  him 16 beaver, 8 mink, 5 lynx and  6 marten ������kins. For these he ex  pects to realize about S22D.  The eighth furnace at the Granby  smelter was blown in last Monday,  add the big reduction works-on the  hill is now operating at full capacity.  E. Spraggett has presented Lieut  Stenstrom   with     his    Lee Enfield  rfle.  C. B. Peterson is now operating  an auto 'bus. The 'bus meets all  trains, and passengers are taken to  and from all hotels:  The  Greenwood  smelter  is   now  operating two furnaces.    The  force  dition of "The  Blind   French   Soldier" and the "Legacy of the Miner's  Wife."    Handel's      "Largo"    and  Shoer's "Invocation"   were   beauti  fully    rendered  by   Mrs. F. J. Pain  ton,    harpist,   Mr. Coker,   violinist,  and F.   J. Painton,   organist.    This  was   the first  time   these three instruments have been heard together  in Grand Forks, and not a few have  expressed   the.hope that they   will  be heard here again.    The quartette  in   "Softly  Floating," accompanied  by   a   second  humming  quartette,  was   an   effective   feature   that   all  lo\er.-i of music liked.    Trie program  was as follows: ���������  Part 1���������Cantata, 'The Voice of  the Shepherd" (F. C Maker), choir.  Part 2���������Chairman's remarks. E.  C. Henniger; instrumental trio,  "Largo" (Handel), Mrs. F. J. Pain-  ton harp, E. J. Coker violin, F. J.  Paiuton organ; song, "Shadows,"  W. H. Tasker, accompanied by Mrs.  has lately been increased, and about j Painton, harp; reading,  Mrs.   Page;  1500   tons  of  ore are being treated j song, 'VThe Children's Home," Mrs.'  Chittenden; instrumental trio, "Invocation"   (Sheer),   Mr.   and Mrs.  daily  The Emma   mine,  Painton   and   Mr.   Coker;   chorus,  .,    near   Ehoh,!  now employs fifteen men, |    "Soft Floating on the Evening Air,''  Every man who owns   a   mineral j the   choir;   solo,   "O   Rest in   the  Frank    McFarlane     commenced  work   with   a   four-horse team last  Hon. Martin   Burrell  agriculture, is spending a few weeks  ,.     , . . in Virginia   for  the   benefit of  his  Monday repairing the  government nea],|,  Lynch  claim with a  good   copper showing Lord," Mr. Talker, accompanied by  is now a potential millionaire. (harp,   Mrs.   Painton;  chorus, "The  I Minute Gun at Sea," the choir;"God  minister of Buve   the King."  road   between  Gloucester camp.  Creek   and  stead   of   the   present   1-inch pipe,   nel work  The British Columbia Copper  company is gradually increasing its  force at Copper mountain, near  Princeton, and will soon have a  hundred men doing shaft  and   tun-.  The  clerks  in  the  post office at  , Grand Forhs should buy a   few  cal  |     Miss   Erma"   Inghram     has   re-,'endurS   Tfae Ledge recently received  "turned  to   this   city, after spending j11   noUce  frora   that office two days  The annual meeting of tbe Grand two weeks with her parents at Rock ;ahead  of lhe   dule-    *<��������� was not al-  Forks Conservative "Assn/' will be Creek. ; ways thus.���������Greenwood Ledge.  held   in   the   Davis  hall tomorrow f   I ������������������   night    The election of officers   and       VViltl   copper^at 28  c^nts,  there!     Four inches of snow fell in Phoe-  transaction of routine  business   will  should be a mining boom tn  Frank ���������; nix last week.  be followed by a "smoker." '*" am' (-''"iicestercamps this sum-1    ��������������������������� rm'r-    With adequate transportation :     Twenty-two carloads of coke have  The   97th    anniversary    service facilities, the,boom would   have   ar-  lately   been   arriving  of Gateway Lodge No. 4o, Indcpen-  riv. .1 in these camps yens ago. Greenwood smelter.  daily   at   the [THE    SUN,   GRAND   FORKS*   B. .������'  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS-PER PLUG  riiinks the British    *  Are too Humane  Captain Coulter Tells of'the Germans'  . Ruthless  Use  of Russian  Prisoners  Captain \\". K. Coulter, a returned  .soldier, interviewed at St. ;fohn, N.B.,  says tne British are too humane in  their method of warfare. "Shortly be-  ioro I left the trenches we captured  two, prisoners. Our sentry saw them  moving about out in front of our  trenches, and several men went into  the darkness, and, circling . around,  came up behind and captured them.  They turned out to be Russians that  had been captured by the Germans at  Warsaw. They told us that the Germans had brought hundreds of Russian prisoner.': over from the eastern  io the western front. They use these  Russians for building railways,  trenches and all sorts of fatigue work  ���������anything they don't, wish their own  men to do. because it may cause a  great loss of life thoy send the Russian prisoners to execute, and do not  care how many are killed. These  Russians were very happy to get once  more among friends, and imparted  much valuable information.  '"France and Belgium today are  one mass of spies from end -Lo end;  every movement is watched carefully  and reported at once. The German  spy system is most remarkable. A  few evenings before 1 left we captured a member of the Prussian Guard,  and he gave a splcndia 'demonstration of the typical German gall. He  was called before the divisional general and asked certain questions. He  told the general that any member of  the allied armies caught by the Germans with bombs in his possession  .was immediate!} shot. At the time  iio was speaking he had no l^ss than  three bombs concealed on his person.  When he was caught by our men and  was being conducted through the  trenches he said to the men: 'Say,  why don't you chuck this business?  You can't win no matter how hard  you try?'  "These Germans are kept in absolute ignorance of real conditions. I  remember when 1 was at Boulogne  I went into a camp of German prisoners, and one of them asked an  Knglish officer where they would be  taken.  " We will take you to England,'  said the officer. _  "'How can you do that?' replied  the German, 'when the English Channel is blocked by our submarines?'  "It is a big deadlock on the western front at the present time. II  It will remain that way all winter and  I believe all next summer. I don't  think the allies, will never break  through any distance, for it is too  heavily fortified. Some other way will  have to be found to'get at the Germans. We can break through their  lines now; we have proven it. But  what's the use? It would cost a great  many lives, more lives than it would  he worth. T will tell you this, though,  that we need all available men and  need them at once."  Manitoba's Dairy Industry,  Remarkable     Increase   of   Dairy   Products   is   Shown   for   the   Year  1915  According to a bulletin issued'by  the department of agriculture of Manitoba the dairy industry had a very  successful season in the year 1915.  There was an increase of over 1,000,-  000 lbs. in creamery butter production over the previous year, about  200,000 lbs. increase in "dairy butter  and over 25,000 lbs. increase in the  output of cheese. The increase in the  total value of milk and milk products  was over $427,000.  The production of dairy butter for  the province during the year was -1,-  150,44-1 lbs., which brought an average price of 23c per lb. Of creamery  butter 5,839,667 .lbs. were produced  which commanded an average price of  29c per lb. The production of cheese  was 726,725 lbs., and the average  price 15c per lb. The total value of  these three products is given as $2,-  760,697.04. Ju addition to this is a,  milk production valued at $925,659.00,  and cream valued'at $158,826.88. The  average price of milk is quoted at  21c per lb., and tbe average price of  sweet cream 32c per lb. butter fat.  In connection with the dairy industry of Manitoba, it is interesting to  note that, almost the most important  fodder crop, now is corn, of which the  production in 1915, notwithstanding  an unfavorable season, amounted to  190,132 tons. The biggest cultivated  fooder crop is timothy, which produced for the same season 193,357 tons.  The next most popular crop is brome  grass with 45,815 tons. Of alfalfa and  clover some 38,000 tons were produced.  of cattle in the prov-  at 631,0005, which is  over 130,000 over the  There has been little  number of horses and  Expenditures in  Agricultural Aid  The number  ince is  quoted  an  increase of  previous year,  change in the  sheen and a slight falling off of pigs.  and  Jones���������I say, Kimber! You remember you said you had hunted tigers in  West Africa? Well, Captain Wiggins  tells'me there are none there.  Kimber���������Quite right, quite right! I  killed them all!  Medicine Which Made Surgeon's Work Unnecessary.  Astoria, N. Y. ��������� "For two years I  was feeling ill and took all kinds of  tonics. I was get-  ingworse everyday.  I had chills, my head  would ache, 1 was  always tired. I could  not walk straight  because of the pain  in my back and I had  pains in my stomach. I went' to*a  doctor and he said I  mu.it go under an  operation, but I did  not go. I read in  the paper about  iLydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and told my husband about it. I  said 'I know nothing will help mo but I  ,will try this.' I found myself improving from tbe very first bottle, and in two  weeks time I was able to sit down and  eat a hearty breakfast with my husband, which I had not done for two years.  I em now in the best of health and  did not have the operation." ��������� Mrs.  John A. Koenig, 002 Flushing Avenue,  Astoria, N. Y.  Every one dreads the surgeon's knife  and the operating table. Sometimes  nothing elso will do; but many times  doctors say they are necessary when  they are not. Letter after letter comes  to the Pinkham Laboratory, telling how  operations were advised and were not  Eerformed; or,if performed,did no good,  ut Lydia E.Pinkham's Vegetable Compound was used and good health followed.  If you want advice write to  JLydia E. Pinkliam Medicine Co.  (confidential), Lynn, Mass. "  Livestock Shortage  Government   Lending   Assistance  Co-operating   With   Breeders  Owing to the heavy drain upon the  livestock of the warring countries of  Europe a great livestock shortage appears to be looming up in the future.  The longer the war lasts the greater  this shortage will become, and when  the war is over undoubtedly buyers  will come to Canada to replenish their  breeding herds. With this event in  view the government has decided to  make extra efforts to encourage l'arm-  .ers in increasing and improving their  breeding stock. The minister of agriculture, through the livestock branch,  has decided to grant liberal aid to  breeders who wish to secure good  breeding stock. The conditions under  which aid will be given are as follows:.  In the event of a number of farmers in any district of Canada wishing to co-operate for the purchase of  breeding stock in carload lots from  some distant section of the country,  the department will pay the travelling  expenses of their duly appointed'representative during the time required  to effect the purchase and transport  the shipment to its. destination.  Should it be desired the livestocK  commissioner will nominate a suitable  person who will be directed to accompany, this representative and assist him as far as possible in buying  and shipping the animals.  How, the    Federal    Grant    Has    Been  Spent  by the   Provinces  The report of Mr. C U. James on  the work done in the various provinces of Canada under the Agricultural Aid act and the Agricultural Instruction act' Mias  been  presented.  It covers the.four years since the  passage of the Hon. Martin Barren's  two acts for .,fhe improvement of  agricultural .conditions . by federal  financial aid. and is a voluminous  work.  The total amount of the federal  grants in those years has been ?:.',900,-  000, the expenditure during the first  year being half a million with annual increases of one hundred thousand  dollars.  In a survey of the work doiie Mr.  James devotes considerable space to  emphasizing the importance of agricultural education, and points out  that agricultural instruction in the  schools has become widespread in the  United States.  The .question .of efficient rural  schools,' he says, is one of the pressing problems of the day. ninety-five  per cent.' of the farm boys and girls  receiving their whole education in  oue-teacher schools .of very low efficiency.  The report gives details of the use  made of the grants in providing new-  buildings and equipment both in connection with and independent of the  agricultural colleges and reviews the  field covered by "women's work,"  Under the latter, head there has been  spent ?3P,392, of which Ontario spent  ?11,938.  The importance of the work of agricultural district representatives is  also emphasized, the expenditures in  Ontario under this head amounting to  $202,097, and in Quebec to $13,407.  Out of a total of $48,076 spent on  short courses, which the report describes in detail, Ontario spent $25,-  974. -  Over half a million has been spent  in the nine provinces on demontsra-  tion work, $44,900 in Ontario; $228,-  360 in Quebec; $50,538 in Manitoba;  $59,555 in Saskatchewan; $32,160 in  Alberta; $63,143 in British Columbia;  $22,168 in Nova Scotia; $41,248 in  New Brunswick. This demonstration system is described as the  dominant note in 'instruction work  in the United States.  The Finish of Germany  Canada's Military Efficiency  There was no sign in Premier Borden's New York speech that Canada  is growing weary of supporting Eng  land in the war. Very slight appreciation exists in the United States of the  extent to which the Dominion is being  developed as a military power. Were  all of its forces at home, Canada  would have 175,000 men under arms;  and such an army trained and equipped would put the United States into  the shade. Canada is also developing  very rapidly a great munitions industry, under the direct stimulus of the  British war orders. It has recently  been intimated" that within a few  months tbe British government could  afford to ignore the possibility of an  American embargo on munitions because of the Dcmnion's much increased capacity of production. The  war will end, apparently, with our  good neighbor thoroughly and efficiently organized on a war footing,  for the first time since our civil war  in any way comparable with the United States in military power, immediately effective.    It is  highly gratify  Australian Capital to be Named Anzac  The   New  Australian     Capital, will  immortalize a great deed.  "It is rarely that a manufactured  name lives or shines in history,"  says the Manchester Guardian. "The  Australians knew this well when  they rejected resolutely all suggestions that* they should call .'their new  federal capital Edwardville, Georgetown, or the like, and fixed on the  old native title of Yas Canberra.  "There surely was never so -happy  a concourse of letters as these initials'of the official title of the men  who did the impossible on the cliffs  of Gallipoli, for they make a word  with a Homeric ring that speaks of  pride and strength in its swinging  syllables, a word that is great and  brave even if we did not know its  content, a fitting word to mark the  capital city of a young and ..lusty  nation. -  AN  ONTARIO  WITNESS.  Suffered from Rheumatism.  Waterloo, Onfc.���������"We use Dr. Pierce'a  medicines in our home and have atwaya  found them to be the very best. Some  time ago my husband was taken sick  with muscular rheumatism. He was very  bad for four years���������could not do a stroke  of work. Ho took several different kinds  of medicine and had several good doctors  in that time, but did not get one bit of  relief.. He began, taking "Golden Medical Discovery" and "Pleasant Pellets"  and in less than a year he was a well  man and he goes to work every day.  We all feel very kindly toward Dr.. Pierce  for his wonderful cure when everything else  failed."���������Mrs. Jacob Wolfe, 8 Queen St.  Tito  PURE   BLOOD  Greatest Blessing  Mankind  Can  Have'.  Many Canadian people need this powerful vegetable remedy that puts tho  stomach, liver and bowels in line, condition; that clears the 6kin of pimples,  ing that this fact has not aroused tin-  rash, blemishes, and eczema; that dis-  easiness or jealousy   in   this country J solves boils and carbuncles; that .makes  nerves stronger and steadier, and gives to  pale, weak, run-down people the fullest  The present disjjssion of prepared  ness has not involved the least rofer-  Canada's military strength,  could more completely dem-  the essential friendship of  countries.���������Springfield     Bo-  ence lo  Nothing  onstratc  the two  publican.  W. N. U. 1094  "Our Major 'e's an officer and a  gentleman; an officer and a gentleman. The other day ho conies into the  canteen, and, says he, 'Any complaints?' And I says: 'Yes, sir. Beg  your pardon,, sir, this tea ain't fit to  drink.' So he says to the bloke who'd  served us, 'Give us a cup.' And when  he'd tasted it, 'Ogwasli,' says he, 'Og-  wash,' and he says to the bloke, 'Lino  these men up,' and when he'd done  that he says, 'And now give them  back their tuppences.' And I'd never  paid mine."���������London Chronicle.  measure of health and happiness  Dr. Pierce's Golden Medical Discovery,  free from alcohol or narcotics, does just  what is stated above, simply because it  banishes from the blood all poison and  impure matter. lb dissolves the impure  deposits and carries thorn out, as it does  ill impurities, through the Liver, Bowels,  Kidneys and Skin.  If you have a bad cough, bronchial  lasal or other catarrh, unsteady nerves  >r unsightly skin, get "Golden Medical  Discovery" to-day and start at once  'jo'replace your impure blood with.the  Kind that puts energy and ambition into  yon and brings back vigorous action.  All medicine dealers con supply you  n either liquid or tablet form or send  IO cents for trial box of tablets to Dr.  Pierce, Invalids' Hotel, Buffalo, N. Y.  extermination   of the  Teuton   Species  is the  Prediction of Kipling  The Toronto Globe publishes the  following article from* Kudyard Kip-  Jing: .  "We are passing through dark,  damp days which are not good for the  soul.  "1 have known some black moments  and doubtless shall'know worsa. The  German is exploiting all the psychological factors he is capablo of understanding, and his press just now is  engaged in confirming the world in the  idea of a motionless unbeatable Michael, straddled across Europe and disdainful of his -little enemies.  ''But the idea is beginning to penetrate the Teutons head that this is not  a war of victories, but a war of ox-  termination of his species. We in Britain are better informed* on this point  than we were a year ago.  "When a whole nation goes into the  trenches .there can be no victories;  there, can only be killing, and at least  three nations desire greedily, that the  Teuton be killed in retail since he  cannot be killed in  wholesale.  "The German' cannot withdraw from  his present lines. He dare not because'  he would have to explain that action  to his own people. He must use himself up gradually, either by advancing  and winning victories, or by staying  where h*e is. r       ...  "And when he is used up there will  be very little of tho German problem  to settle. That is the end whereto  the destinies are bearing us, despite  all efforts we have made (o .avoid it.  '.'The question of indemnity to Gar-  many has disappeared by the" force of  facts. If she claims one it will be  cheaper to continue-killing. If she demands peace wilhout indemnity, returning to the status quo, what guarantee will there be that as soon as  civilization is disarmed she will not  throw liersel- on us again?  "The moral law directing her life  compels her to do so. (  "Tnat is why her ships cannot be  allowed  to go on  the  sea again.  "She cannot wags any more war  than she is now waging, because she  is engaged in all possible fronts. She  can defend and consolidate her conquests, but what good is consolidation  when' she perpetually has to throw  men into the fringe of firc'burning all  around her?  "Allah has decreed that she shall  perish by her own act, from the consequences of the law that she professes, and through her own temperament. If the allies had won five or  six months ag������ they would have left  Germany still capable of regaining her  lines.  "No Germany will.' remain. This  may sound extravagant, but all that  .will.remain will be a few peoples living on the eternal defensive in moral,  social -and; political trenches. Grant  that everything in Germany favors a  defensive impossible to break, and influx of foodstuffs which cannot be  stopped, a people indefinitely enthusiastic for war. Even then we must  hold on���������France, who has paid the  price of her Tlesh; Britain with her  half million losses and about to pay  more; Russia' with her dead impossible to count.  "All the rats are before us in the  same ditch, and as far as Britain .and  the empire are concerned, we can put  as many men into the lines in France  to hold the Teutons as the French  have.  ��������� "Regarding the financial situation:  If I were younger I would say an immense wave of prosperity follows  every war, but I leave that thesis to  people twenty years younger and ac-.  sept the common belief that universal  ruin'awaits us. But when the whole  world is materially ruined each nation  of nobility, a compensation  that will  "I imagine that in Britain, where  small subscribers are now numerous,  a certain proportion of debt will be  simply effaced or repudiated for the  very just reason that men rich enough  to lend big sums to the state are rich  enough to lose them. It is immoral,  but we should only laugh, and so  would even the rich men thus forced  to lose.  "Perhaps they would receive titles  of nobility, a compensation thta will  be an admirable and practical apotheosis   for our  national  snobbery.  "Anyhow we shall see funny finances and the spectacle of Central  Europe administered like an estate  for the benefit of France, Russia, Italy,  Serbia, Montenegro, Japan. Australia,  New Zealand,    Canada,' South Africa  Breed Dairy Cows, ��������� - ' ���������  Is Expert's Advice  Prof.  H.'- H.  Good  Dean  Tip  at'  of  O.A.C.  Holstein-. -  Gives  Friesian  Banquet  "There are no risks with the dairy  cow, therefore it is a sure investment  and makes the farm pay. Through,  many generation it has saved the  human race, and modern science has  neither discovered nor invented anything to Cako its place in supporting  mankind; there fore I a'dviee you to  breed the dairy cow," said Professor  1-1. 11. Dea of tho O.A.C., Guelph, at  the eighth annual banquet of Hie  Molstein-Fresian association at the  Carls-Rite.  ���������The importance of the rural school  fair for the continuance of intelligent farming was emphasized by C.  F. Bailey, assistant deputy minister  of agriculture for Ontario. "Since  1912, when Ihese wore commenced  with a nucleus of twenty-five schools,  1 am proud to say that last year it  extended lo 234 fairs, thus interesting '  over 2,200 chools and employing  over 43,000 pupils."  Other speakers .during tus ;evening  were D. C. Piatt, the president; Dr.  J. A. IMacdonald, who spoke on "Canada's ' Patriotism;" Prof. Geo. E.  Day of the O.A.C.,- and A. J. Craig,  Alberta's deputy minister of agricul-'.  ture, bo.th of whom spoke on agricultural  topics.���������Toronto  Globe.  Livestock in Demand  Farmers     and  Benefiting  Ranchers   of .Alberta  From  Competitive  ���������   Market  Following is part of a report made  by a livestock commission firm at Calgary, which tells its .own story:    -  "The best indication of the growing  strength in ihe market is the broad  outlet for generous receipts, which in  the case of hogs, the eastern packers  are- apparently unable to buy sufficient hogs in the east to fill the demand, and are therefore compelled  to pay high prices here to compete  with local packers. In regard to the  cattle market we opened-a new outlet  by shipping to Seattle, which lias had  a stimulating affect on-the market  here. We have had shipped, since the  middle of November, over 2,000 head  of beef cattle.-We might also add that  these cattle brought the top price on  the open market. The highest price  paid on the Seattle market was for an  Alberta steer, which we shipped December 20, 1915, weighing .1,700 lbs.,  which brought the fancy price of 10c  .per lb.    : ���������  "Since the opening of the Alberta  stockyards the livestock business in  Alberta has grown, and markets-have  been opened, which have given the  farmers a competitive market- for  their livestock.     ."      -  "The hog industry has multiplied .  many times in the last three years.  There are many signs pointing to an  increase in the number of sheep and  cattle. The sheep business is being  developed rapidly, and the demand for  breeding ewes has cent prices up both  east and west. Breeders of pure-bred.  sheep1 have sold all they can spare.  During the past two-or three years  farmers and ranchers. have been increasing their herds; cows and heifers have been held, while hundreds  which have come to market - have  been shipped back to the country for  breeding purposes; The producer in  the country has no need to worry, and  we anticipate good prices for everything he has to sell."  One  of  Francisco  contest,  asked to  need two  and India.  "Those who  after the war;  be poor,    but  Germany."  till the. soil will be rich  those who do not will  there  will bo no more  the  questions    of the San.  Examiner's   'animal'story.  upon- whicli  children    are  write  is, Why does a cow  stomachs?  Sad     experiences     evidently    had  much  to do 'with the    deductions of  little   Mark   Schcy,   of  Fruitvale,  for  he replied:  "So-when she has an ache in one.  of  her stomachs    she  can  use    the  other one."���������Our Animals.  my Mr mm  How Japan Helps  Germany's apprehension over the  Russian offensive is expressed in the  "Kolnischc Zeilung," which says that  the slackening in the struggla in  Galicia probaoly does not mean that  the Russian offensive is ended, but  only that the enemy is taking breath.  It is believed that great reinforcements are being brought up, and  some have already been noticed. In  the artillery preparation of the attacks the Russians used great Quantities of ammunition which the Japanese had- provided. The Japanese  are not only providing artillery and  ammunition, for the greater- part of  the Russian infantry in Galicia arc  armed with rifles of Japanese origin.  The statement is made tbiit thousands  wwtr eyeglasses who do not realty need  tlieui. If you'are one of these unfortunates, then these glasses may be ruining'  your eyes instead of helping them. Thousands who wear these "windows" may  prove for themselves that they can dispense with flosses if they will'get the  following prescription filled at once : Go  to any active drug .store and get. a bottlo  of Bon-Opto tablets; lill n two-ounce bottle with warm water and drop iu one Bon-  Opto tablet. V/Ith this harmless liquid  solution huthn the eyes two to four times  daily, and you are likeiy to lie astonished  al; the results right from the start. Many  who hare been told that they have astigmatism, eye-strain, cataract, sore eyelids,  weal: eyes, conjunctivitis and other eye  disorders, report wonderful benefits'front,  the use of this prescription. Get this prescription fillod and use it: you may so  strengthen your eyes that glasses will not  lie necessary. Thousands who are blind,  or nearly so,' or who wear glasses might  never have required them it they had eared  for their eyea in time-. Save your eyes before it Is too late ! l)o not become one or  these victims of neglect K.veg^sses am  only like crutches, and every few years  they must be changed to lit the ever-Increasing weakened condition, so better see  if you can, like many others, get clear,  healthy, strong magnetic eyes throng:h the  prescription here given. The Valutas Drug  Co, of Toronto will fill the above pre������ci*ip*  tlo*. t������5 jasAt, If your druggist cannot  "J  iff  HI  i ./���������-  THE    SUN,   GRAND    FORKS,* B. a  What's the Neutral?  ."Is there something malicious  ���������3bout even the fairest and kindest of  neutrals?'.' said Booth Tarkington in  indiauapolis.  "Does a neutral, in the very nature of things, incline to rejoice a  little over a warring sister nation's  misfortune?    I hope  not.  "I hope not, and yet, in thinking  3f neutrals, I can't help thinking of  Iwo boys who stood the other day  and watched an enormous safe being  raised up to the twenty-sixth storey  ol a skyscraper.  "The boys watched the safe rise  slowly, dangling at the end oC its  wire rope, and when it reached the  Jwentieth storey the older lad turn-  2d awayin disgust. -  " 'Come on, Joe,' ho said. 'Wo  might as well move on. They ain't  ,vgoin' to let her drop'.'"���������Washington Star.  Stormy Weather  Hard on Baby  ' The stormy, blustery weather  which we have during February and  March-is extremely hard on children.  Conditions make it necessary for the  mother to keep" them in the house..  - They are often confined to over-heat-  sd, badly ventilated rooms and catch  ' colds which racks their whole system.  To guard against this a box of-Baby's  Own Tablets should he kept.in the  house and an' occasional close given  the haby to keep his stomach and  bowels  working regularly.    This will  , not fail to break up colds "and keep  the health of the baby in good condition till the brighter days come along  The Tablets are sold by medicine  dealers or by mail, at 25 cents a box  from ,The Dr. 'Williams' Medicine Co.,  Brockville, Ont.  Clank, clank, clank! What dread-  ���������'u xul sounds arc these, breaking .the  stillness of the Sunday afternoon? In  haste Mrs. Maclarty leaves the' fireside,- and goes in search of the cause  of the disturbance. In the garden  she finds her husband nailing a board  on the bottom of the barrow.  "Donald, man," she says, "ye're  malrin' an awful row. What'll the  ueighbors think?"  "Nivcr mind them, Kirsty," says  Donald. "I maun get my barra'  inen'it."  "Oh, but Dohaln," says: Kirs.ty, "it's  very wrong to work on the Sabbath.  Ye ought ta'e use screws!"- .  Asthma Cannot Last when the greatest of al asthma species is used. Dr.  J. D. Kellogg's Asthma Remedy assuredly, deserves this exalted title. It has  countless cures to its credit which  other preparations had failed to beue-  -fit. It brings help to even the most  severe cases and brings the patient to  a condition of blessed relief. Surely  suffering from asthma is needless  when a remedy like this is so easily  secured.  ��������������� .    No Use to Treat Seed Corn for Smut  There is no treatment of seed corn  cor smut. The spores which acuse  smut in corn live over from one year  until the next in manure, soil, refuse;  etc.- In the summer, under favorable  conditions these spores which may  have wintered in.the soil or may have  been hauled tq the field in the man-'  lire, find lodgerifent on the tender  parts of the corn plant, usually by the  action of wind, and start to grow.  ���������The source of the spore is not the  seed corn, therefore treatment will do  no good. Tho only method of eradication is to cut off the smutty stalks  and burn them. This, of course, is  impractical.���������0. M. Allyn, Farm  Crops Division, University of Illinois.  Alberta Banks Loan  Money on Grain  Farmers  Unable to Get it to   Market  and .Compelled to Borrow '  Since the analysis of the grain' traffic and the existing conditions Avhen  the - former cannot ship or sell his  grain, the banks of Alberta "are loaning a great deal of money to the grain  growers on grain in the field and in  the privately owned bins of the farmer. This is the-information learned  from a prominent Calgary banker.  "Perhaps the banks have not until  recently loaned great sums of money  on grain on the.farm, as permitted by  section 88 of the Bank act, but lately  there has been a great increase in the  amounts to be loaned," said the bank  manager. "The reason for the-much  larger amounts' so loaned now ��������� 'as  compared to formerly is- that until  this season few farmers had grain on  the farm on which to borrow money.  Also, the farmers this year had little  call to borrow money on their grain  until the transportation facilities got  so that.the grain could not be moved  to market and sold. 'But lately there  is such a congestion of grain at terminals, and so few cars and so little  motive power, that the farmers can  not sell and must borrow money. And  the first ones they come to are the  banks; and the banc's loan them money when the banks can do so safely;'-  when the farmer has a character aud  standing that will warrant it; he need  not have grain if the manager has  found him to be a: man' of his word  and oE excellent' character."  Sciatica Vanishes Instantly  If Nerviline is Used  .CAN YOU BEAT TIIIS   '  CASE?  No ordinary: liniment will even relieve Sciatica. Nothing but the most  powerful kind of a remedy can penetrate through the tissues and finally  reach the Sciatic Nerve. You can always depend on the old time "Nerviline." Nothing made today is as good-]  for Sciatic as Nerviline was when  first produced, about forty years ago.  All this time the same old ''Nerviline"  has been curing Sciatica, Lumbago,  Rheumatism and'is considered to be  without an equal in relieving pain or  soreness anywhere. " 'Nerviline'  couldn't be made '.-.stronger or better,"  writes James E. Edwards. "The way  it cures Sciatica is to mo simply a  miracle. :-For -years I suffered "frightfully. I "ruined my" stomach with internal dosing. I rubbed in gallons br  oils and liniments���������none were strong  enough. One good rubbing with Nerviline relieved. ��������� .1 kept on rubbing and  shortly .was cured. My father cured  rheumatism in his right arm and  shoulder with Nerviline. and my  mother cured herself of chronic lumbago with Nerviline. Our family simply swears by Nerviline and we are  never without a 50c family size bottle in our home. We find that for external pain, for coughs, colds, earache,  such minor ills it is a veritable family  physician."  - Would you like to end that terrible itching,;:that burning pain; to  heal ihose horrid sores?  You have tried all sorts of fatty  ointments, lotions and powders. Put  them aside now and give Nature a  chance as represented by Zam-Buk.  Zam-Buk is made, from herbal essences; is a natural heal3r- is not  something you have to send to tho  end of the world for, and pay a  heavy price! Every druggist will  sell you Zam-Buk and for 50c. only.  Just give it a fair trial and inci-  dontly give yourself ease by tho  quickest route.   See name on box: ���������  Ireland Must Help  To Crush Prussians  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, etc.  In the privacy of his home the village butcher was telling his wife of  the arrival of a new resident. "She  came in today," he said, witli enthusiasm, "and I can tell you she's a real  lady, brought up select and exclusive.  She don't know one cut o' meat from  another, nor veal from mutton."  MOTHERHOOD is not a  timo for experiment, but for  proven qualities, and nothing  exceeds the value of good  cheer, needful exercise and  SCOTT'S EMULSION.  SCOTT'S EMULSION charges the  blood with life-sustaining richness,  suppresses nervous conditions, aids  the quality and quantity of milk  and insures sufficient fat.  Its COD LIVER OIL foods d>o rery'  Ufo cello.   Its LIME nnd SODA help  ���������Toli rickets and make teothing 0017,  M-48 Avoid Substitutes.  '..'i-QWxxsmwixi&wnM  The   Meaning   of   "Germany"  If We can neither trust nor compel  Germany to keep the peace, Avhat  hope "is there for the future? ..The answer to this lies in the meaning attached to the word., ���������"Germany." The  Germany that nobody can trust is the  Germany that has revealed itself in  this war, the Germany that acknowledges no Jaw or obligation but her  own interests, the Germany that tears  up treaties, murders non-combatants,  and neutrals wholesale, plots arson  and outrages and crimes of violence  in neutral (that is friendly) countries,  that maltreats prisoners of war, and  violates even the few strict rules of-  warfare unconditionally laid down in  its own cynical warbook, which allows  almost everything by way of exception under the plea of necessity. So  long as that Germany remains on that  moral plane, and in that state of mind,  there can be no real peace, and to  negotiate .with her, either early or  late, is to lose the war in effect, if not  in -appearance.���������Nineteenth   Century.  Relief for Suffering Everywhere.���������  Pie whose life is made miserable by  .the suffering that comes from indigestion and has not tried Parmelee's Pills  does not know how easily this formidable foe can be dealt with. These pills  will relieve where others fail. They  arc the result of long and patient  study and are confu.ently put forward  as asure corrector of disorders of the  digestive organs, from which so many  suffer.  John  Redmond -Makes a  Stirring Appeal   For   Recruits   in   His  Country-  John Redmond has issued a stirring  appeal for recruits from Ireland.   He  says:  "Recent events have made it-absolutely essentia] that Ireland, for her  own sake, to guard her own highest  interests and to maintain' her honor,  should ^rnake it phu.i to the whole  world that she 'is willing and eager  to fulfill her obligations. Any impression that Ireland is shrinking her  duty will be a deadly injury- to her  future interests.  "There has been slackness in recruiting in the agricultural districts,  but winning the war is of the greatest  importance to Irish- agriculturists, for  if the allies are defeated there is danger of every Irish tenant being robbed of his land by the Prussians. The  position of the tenant farmer who ex-  pectsthe people of the towns to fight  for him is contemptible. To desert  your countrymen in the trenches will  mean the death knell of your hopes,-  aspirations and ambitions."  Many Shells Ordered  Are For the. British  Army and Worth  Probably   Over   $10,000,000  An order for S00,000 eightecu-  pounder shrapnel shells has been received by the imperial, munitions  board from the British ministry' of  munitions.  This is the first large order'lo Canada since the present imperial munitions board succeeded the shell committee, the board's energies having  been directed chiefly towards hastening deliveries 'on orders placed some  time- ago.  It is probable that new orders will  bo allotted in the form of renewals'to  firms which are already engaged in  the manufacture of'these shells. The  munitions industries in Canada have  developed greater capacity for turning  out eightoen-pounder shrapnel shell's  than for the manufacture of any other  and is well able to take care of the  large order which has just been received.  The value of the order was not stated, but, based on prices reported for  orders placed during the past year, it  should be worth between ?:i 0,000,000  and ?12,000,000.  Fairville, Sept. 30, .1002.  -Minard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Dear Sirs,���������We wish to inform  you that we consider your .MINARD'S  LINIMENT a very superior article,  and we use it as a sure relief for sore  throat and chest. When I tell you I  would not be without it if the price  was one dollar a bottle,1 mean it.  Yours truly,  CHAS.  F.   TILTON.  Nowhere in Europe have mediaeval  conditions, persisted as strongly as  in -the "Baltic provinces of Russia,  where practically all tire'- land over  a four-hundred mile stretch is. in the  hands of a thousand families, the  head of each bearing the title of  baron and wielding a power that has  decreased practically not at all since  ancient feudal times.  HOME TREATMENT.���������Describe your disease,  and write Cor free book and testimonials.  THE CANADA CANCER  INSTITUTE. Limitid  tO CHURCHILL  AVE..  TORONTO  fiovril makes othci foods nourish  you. It has a Body-building power  proved equal.to from 10to 20 tirasa  the amount 0/ JSovril taken.  "Some men have no hearts," said  the tramp. 'Tvc been a-tellin' that  feller I am so dead broke that I have  to sleep outdoors.".  "Didn't that fetch him?" said the  other. ���������  "Naw. Ho tol' me he was a-doiu'  the same thing, and had to pay tho  doctor for telling him to do it."  Rub it in for Lame Back.-���������A brisk  rubbing with <��������� Dr. Thomas' Eclectric  Oil will cure lame back. The skin will  immediately aDSorb the oil and k will  penetrate the tissues and bring speedy  relief. Try it and be convinced. As  the liniment sinks in the pain comes  out. and there are. ample grounds for  saying that its touch is magical, as  it is.  Libre Belgique, the daringly published Brussels newspap r, the home  of which the Germans, despite their  most strenuous efforts, have failed  to' unearth, has'now reached its fifty-  third number. Domiciliary searches  for its editors and staff take place.  everywhere, but no single capture has ^  been made.  Private Dougal McTavish (late of  the Alberta Police)��������� .Won. in ma section 'tis al'ten fafty degrees below  zero. But, bless ye, 'tis dry cold, ve'll  never feel it.  L. C. Owen Tyrell (late of Carpentaria Telegraphs)���������Down under it is  usually V>r, in the shade. But thin it  is dry heat, you arc niver sensible of  tit.  Corporal James Brown Hale tram  conductor, Vancouver)���������In B.C. we  stake upon 312 to 314 rainy davs in  the year. But it is drv rain, it don't  wet  you.���������Punch.  W. N. U. 1094  Minard's' Liniment Cures Distemper.  The prosy old barrister was arguing a technical case in the high court.  Ho was drifting along in a monotonous voice, when the bored judge  yawned with hardly any attempt at  concealment.  "I sincerely trust that I am riot  unduly trespassing on Ihe linn' of tho  court?" said the .barrister with just  the slightest tinge of sarcasm in his  voice.  "There is some difference," replied  tho judge, "between trespassing on  time and encroaching on eternity."  Miss Evelena M. Risser, Dublin  Shore, Lunenburg-, N.S., writes :���������"I  suffered from severe -3������eadaches for  two years. In fact, I had headaches  day and night. My appetite was very  poor and I frequently had pains in the  hack. After using a few boxes of Dr.'  Chase's Nervo Food the headaches  disappeared, appetite improved and I  gained in health and strength. I am  very thankful for the benefit obtained  from the use of Dr. Chase's Nervo  Food, for I am well again after two  years of misery."  TI  ["lie object of pain seems to be to give warning that something is wrong in tbe  human system. For this reason, when you have a headache, Tor instance, you should  honestly seek for the caaise.  Headache is not a. disease'in itself, but rather a symptom. If you find other indications that the nervous system is exhausted���������if you are restless, nervous, sleepless  and irritable���������you may rightly suppose that to be the cause of the headache.  The headache warns you that with neglect of the nervous system you later expect  nervous prostratiou. locomotor ataxia, or some form of paralysis. "Wisdom suggests the  use of such treatment as Dr. Chase's Nerve Food, to build up the system., and thereby  remove the cause of the headache, as well as prevent more serious troubles'.  The use of headache powders is not only a dangerous practice, but the shock to the  system of drugs which arc so powerful and poisonous as lo immediately stop pain is. mo.st  harmful. The relief is merely temporary, and with this danger signal removed lh������;  disease which caused the headache continues to develop until, results are serious. Tii������!  moral is. when you have headaches or pain of any kind look for the cause and remove it.  Dr. Chase's Nerve Food is not intended as a more relief for heada-ehf. it curds by  supplying the ingredients from which nature rebuilds and revitalizes the wasted nerve  cells. Some patience is required, for this reconstructive process, but the results arc  wonderfully satisfying, because they nre both thorough and la,sting.  If you would be freed from headaches, as was the writer of the letter quoted above,  put Dr. Chase's Nerve Food to the test. Working, as it docs, hand iu hand with Nature,  it can no more fail than can other of Nature's laws.  B*. Chase's Recipe. Book, 1,000 selected recipes, sent frco if yon mention this paper. THE   SUN,     JRAND   FORKS,   b. C.  not, wo will  will run correctly.  fradkly toll you so.  Faults  Does your watch run  correctly? If you experience any difficul  ty with it, leave it  with us. We will  give it an expert ex  animation. If it needs  repairs we can supply, them at a moderate cost. If it- does  r\ watch repaired by us  A, D. MORRISON o���������^������-������������������������������  GRANDFORKS, B. C.  upon' a bonus'of live thousand dollars and a stipend of six  thousand a year, and finally we are forced to agree to tax  ourselves to the extent of fifteen thousand annually in  order that our knigntly representative shall not bring dishonor upon his orderly reason of straitened circumstances  In defence of this outrageous extravagance our representative, Mr. Thomson, says the people do not appreciate the  position of British Columbia, arguing, we suppose, that  everybody in the province ought to esteem it a privilege to  be permitted to put their hands in their pockets and cast  their money at the feet of Sir Richard. Besides, it is to  the knightly agent-general we are indebted for Mr. Bowser as premier. From whatever angle the transaction may  be regarded, high honors have been showered upon us!���������  Victoria Times.  NOTICE TO FARMERS  Before buying your GARDEN  GRASS  Or FIELD GRAIN don't fail to see us.  We can save you moneys  E. C. HENNIGERj,  ������h? drattfi iflxtrka #������n  G. A. EVANS. EDITOR AHD PUBLISHER  SUBSCRIPTION RATES���������PAYABLE IN ADVANCE  One Year (in Canada and Great Britain) 81.00  One Year (in the United States)   :.;   1.50  Address all communications to  'The Gkaxd Forks Sun,  Phoxk 1171 Gkanij Forks, B. C.  The mun who gets mad at what the newspaper says  about him should return thanks three times a day for  what the newspaper knew about him and suppressed.  FIIIDAY, APRIL 14, 1910  The Ottawa government on Friday voted  down, by a majority of 38, the motion of Sir  Wilfrid Laurier for a' complete investigation  of the, transactions of the Canadian shell committee. Sir Robert Borden, ands!-" the circumstances, had reason to be satisfied with  the result of the vote. But his satisfaction  was tempered by the fact that included in  those who could not bring themselves to vote  as the rest of his followers did were two of  the oldest members of his party, Right. Hon.  Andrew Broder, member for Dundas, and W.  .F. Maclean. In his peroration, Sir Wilfrid  said: .  "Why give light in one place and leave the  rest in darkness with more opportunity for  fraud? Sinister adventurers have been levying  toll on the treasury of the land and on the  blood of our soldiers. If these facts are made  public, who will suffer but those who should  suffer? It might bring humiliation to the present government, but even in the case of the  great Marlborough the mother of parliaments  did not hesitate to punisb\guilt. Why should  there be any consideration of persons, great or  small? There is no consideration. There is  only one consideration, and that is the success  of the war in which .we are engaged. The nation is giving ungrudgingly everything we ask  her to give. Men, women, and children all  have given generously out of'their means,  whether they be abundant or not. Our soldiers  have given generously and cheerfully life, limb,  and health, and if in the midst of that universal sacrifice there be one or there be several  who in the discharge of the duties entrusted  to them have not done all that they should  have done, or have done what they should not  have done, have given a thought to themselves  and not to the cause, have laid unholy hands  upon the unholy profits of war, sir, these are  criminals. They are guilty of crimes, and to  shield them or not to have a thorough investigation would be adding our crime to  theirs."  The tale of the two Indian reserves is one of the most  painful chapters in the history of this province. Money  was poured out like water; the- middlemen who put the  deals through got more individually than the Indians who  sold. The records show that the four promoters received  from the government SI<So,U00 for the two transactions.  Strange that this work could have been dono bv members  of our highly, paid government departments, is it not? ���������  Victoria Times.  When public health officials called at the little clothing  store of Abe Hnrnianovitz, in th->"hHart of. the Seventh  street ghetto, St. Paul, they had a hard tune making the  proprietor understand that they came to investigate re  ports of an offensive odor from the store . They told him  as best thev could. lie couldn't understand. Finally one  blurted out: "There's something, rotten here " Sure,"  answered A He, the light of understanding flashing in his  eyes, "it's beezness."  Percy Godenrath is editing The Rrazier, a journal pub  lished by the 16th battalion of the Western Scots on the  firing line in France Percy is now a real fighting editor,  and the Germans are liable to smash up his office at any  time and dump his type into the trenches. Fifteen years  ago Percy was working for the Greenwood Times.  An ordinary cold is one of the very few ailments the modern physician has been willing  to undertake to cure without a surgical operation.  Every man expects to wake up some day  and find himself famous���������and he often does  get as far as the waking up part.  Robert A Lansing will be the next president of the  United States. President Wilson's term expires at noon  on March 4, which is a Sunday. His successor (or he  himself perhaps) cannot be inaugurated until noon on the  Monday. Therefore, the secretary of state will become  president at noon on March 4 and so continue for twenty-  four hours. Had W. J? Bryan not resianed, the constitution and the almanac would have fulfilled his ambition of  being president���������if only for a day. But now Mr. Lansing  will be the lucky man.  The maintenance of the dignity of knighthood is going  to cost British Columbia a considerable sum. First we  had to provide Sir Richard with a castle in London in  consonance with his position in the noble order, then we  had to bribo the mere commoner his predecessor   to  retiro  IF���������  If you can keep your head when all about you  Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;  If you can trust yourself when all men doubt  you,  But make allowance for their doubting, too;  If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,  Or being lied about don't deal in lies,  Or being hated don't give way to hating,  And yet don't look too good, nor talk too  wise;    .  If you can dream���������and not make dreams your  master;  If you can  think���������and  not  make  thought  your aim;  If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster  And treat those two impostersjust the same;  If you can bear to .hear the truth you've spoken  Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,  Or watch the things you've given your life to,  broken,  And stop and build'em up with  worn-ou  tools;  If you can make a heap of all your winnings  And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,  And lose and start again at your  beginnings,  And never breathe a word about your loss;  If you can force your heart and nerve and  sinew  To serVeyour turn long after they are gone,  And so hold on when there is nothing in you  Except the will which says to them, "Hold  on!"  If you can talk with  crowds  and  keep  your  virtue  "Or walk with kings���������nor  lose the common  touch;  If neither foes nor cooing friends can hurt you,  If all  men  count  with you; but none  too  much;  If you can fill the unforgiving minute  With sixty seconds' worth of distance  run,  Yours is the earth and everything that's in it,  And���������which is more���������you'll be a Man, my  "    Son! ������������������Rudyard Kipling.  The Sun, at $1.00 per year, gives its readers  three times more reading matter than any  other Boundary paper. This fact accounts  for the rapid increase in our circulation.  Besides being read by all the intelligent people of Grand Forks, The Sun goes to every  ranch home in the Kettle and North Fork  valleys. No other Boundary paper can give  advertisers this guarantee.  SECOND STREET, NEAR BRIDGE.  Fresh and Salt Meats, Poultry always on hand,  Highest market price paid for live  stock.  PHONE 58-and receive prompt and. courteous attention.  In your favor is good printing,  It starts things off in your favor.  Peopje read your arguments,  reasons, conclusions, when attractively presented. It carries  weight. Enterprising men use  GOOD PRINTING because it GETS  BUSINESS. If you don't already  know our kind of .printing, let us  show you. It's a "certainty that  we can save you money, too.  HANSEN SCO  CITY BAGGAGE AND TRANSFER  Bay  Your  Gait Coal  fl  ow  Office!  F. Downey's Cigar Store  Tklkvhonks;  Office, R(i6 Ffrtt StrPPt  Hansen's) Rksipenok, t������8 '"������" "UOGI  AUTO LIVERY  AT YOUR  SERVICE  John Wanamaker says in Judicious  Advertising: "Advertising doesn't  jerk; it pulls. It begins very gently  at first, but the pu'.I is steady. It increases  Modern Rigs and Good  Horses at All Hours  at  the  Model Livery Barn  M. H. Burns, Prop.  Phone 68 Second St  reet  H'  Pays for The  Q -F  DUO UltJ  fJU.J  in nit������Mjjr.       xu in- -    , #     kJl  1J      ll-"       ail   day by day and year by year,! entire year. It is the brightest  until it exerts an irresistible  power." paper in the Boundary country  III  to  5.-1 jCf  THE   SUN,   GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  ' "The Sun has received a copy  . of the book, "Canada in Flanders,"  by' Sir Max Aitkens. The work is  very complete, the author giving up  a vivid description of the operations  (f the Cahadadian forces in a most  ��������� eniertaii ing manner. The book i<  ��������� ' of aboorliing interest,the story being  mos graphically told. Instances of  individual heroism are described in  a simple way, but the man or  voman whose pulses are not stirred  by wiml ihe author re a'es. n.u-t in  deed be without, feeling Every Otn  adian houriehold ought to poss-sa a  copy o! thiri book The price is only  25 cents. The proceeds of all'sales  go to patriotic purposes.  The British Columbia Gazette  contains a pr clamation making  Saturday, April 22, following Good  Friday, a public holiday to be observed throughout tbe province.  This will give three consecutive holidays and four consecutive bank  holidays���������Friday, Saturday,Sunday  and Monday.  James Breen, the well known  mining man, was a visitor in Grand  Forks last Saturday. "He went to  H,-public.from this city.  lnspdctor of Legal Oilier Haning-  i.in frauk.'y stales that he had no  ulna there was anything morally .or  ethically wrong in accepting a commission on a transaction involving  the purchase of property for the  oiowu in which he acted as the rep  resentative of the government. That  ���������.y is one of the lamentable features of  the affair, as showing the. depths to  which official conceptions of duty  have been dragged by the present  premier of- Britisn Columbia and his  predecessor. Mr. Hanington's ex  cu3e is that he thought he had a  right to do it as "everybody was doing-it." And tbe organ of the gov  eminent here, aillicted with the  virus of administrative corruption  which is breaking out in every quarter in which the g >vernment has re  .lations, can.not see anything seriously wrong in the affair.���������Victoria  Tiuit s.  kan'e Mining Ti \(;>m. M "��������� '*-'> on"  s m is not a' strai)ger''herH, having  .visited Cbesaw'ab.iut a year ago and  holds a lease' on the Review group,  north of.town. Mr., Moss i.s an expert iii reduction and . extraction  processes, and the visit of the gentlemen to Cbesaw to look over the  Review has a very'significant tinge,  in the opinion of the casual observer. They- took out a consider*  ble quantity of samples with them,  and we anxiously await develop  merits. At present Mr. Robinson  is opening up a silver lead property,  the Deer Trail, in Cedar canyon,  near Ti rk, in lower Stevens county,  and is installing a 100 ton mill. It  is in this capacity lhat Mr. Moss is  with Mr. Robinson, and he brieves  ih it they.are putting in a plant that  will save 95 per cent of the low  grade valuesby cyaniding and concentration. Mr Moss says approximately 65 per cent of the silvf-r  values will be recovered by straight  cyaniding.���������Cbesaw News.  TAKES OF}? .���������DANDRUFF,  E������HJ STOPS FALLING  Save your Hair!   Get a 25 cent bottle  of Darutsrinc right now���������Also  stops itching scalp.  Granby Shipments  The following are the monthly  shipping figures from the Granby  mine at' Phoenix to the Grand Forks  smelter:  1915. 1916  -    Tons. Tons  Jamar ���������    4:\2U 83,802  February....      63,091 77,048  March       69,948 .86,782  Agril ...'.....      85.382 ,  May     100.693  June     103,004  July   101,058  August      103.062  Septeube...      93,245  October      96,430  November...     82.187  December...      94,475  Total 1,034,786  The Sun, at SI a year, is superior  to any ������2 a year paper printed in tbe  Boundary. . This is the reason why  we do not have to resort to gambling  schemes to gain new subscribers or to  hold those we alreadv have.  Yale  Barber  Shop  Razor Honing a Specialty"  Al xander Rutiii.s-in, president  and manager of the Deer Trail Min ���������  ng company, and H. R. Miss, of  th.- California Extracts n company,  were in camp a couple of days, leav  ing Sa tirdiy morning for   the  Spo-  P. A.  Z.   PARE,   Proprietor  Yale Hotel, --First-Street ���������  Dealers in   %  Fresfi and Salt Meats  Fish and Poultry  K  Our cTWotto: "Quality- and Service"  Markets in Nearly All the Boundary  - and Kootenay Towns  First Street Grand Forks  F. H. Heffner. cTWanager  Thin; brittle, colorless and scraggy  hair is mute evidence of a neglected  scalp;   of dandruff���������that* awful scurf.  There is nothing so destructive to  the hair as dandruff. It robs the hair  of its lustre, its strength and its very  life; eventually producing a feverish-  ness and itching of the scalp, which  if not remedied causes the hair roots  to shrink, loosen and die���������then tlT-  hair falls out fast. A little Danderi-  'tonight���������now���������any time���������will sin-  save your hair.  Get a 25 cent uottle of Knowlton's  Danderine from any drug store. You  surely can have beautiful hair and lots  of it if you will just try a little Danderine.     Save   your   hair!    Try   it!  The Sun is the largest and best  newspaper printed in the Boundary  country, and the price is only one  half that of its local contemporaries.  It is a valuable advertising medium  because its large subscription list  has been obtained, and is maintained, merely on its merits as a  newspaper. It uses no indirect or  questionable methods to secure subscribers.  PICTURES  AND PICTURE FRAMING  Furniture.   Made   to  Order.  Also Repairing of all Kinds.  Upholstering  Neatly Done.  RC.McCUTCHEON  WINNIPEG AVBNDE  THE  LONDONDIRECTORY  (Published Aimually)  Enables traders   throughout  the  world   to  communicate direct with English  MANUFACTURERS & DEALERS  in each class of goods. Besides being n complete commercial guide to London and Its  suburbs, the directory contains lists of  EXPORT MERCHANTS '  with the Goods they ship, and the Colonial  and Foreign Markets they supply;  STEAMSHIP LINES  arranged under the Ports to which they sail  and indicating the approximate Sailings;  PROVINCIAL TRADE NOTICES  of leading Manufacturers, Merchants, etc., in  the principal provincial towns and Industrial  centres of the .United Kingdom.  A copy of the current edition will be forwarded, freight paid, on receipt of Postal  Order for $5.  Dealers seeking Agencies can advertise  their trade card.s for ������5, orlnrger advertisements from $15.  THE LONDON DIRECTORY CO., LTD.  25, Abchurch Lane, London, E.C.  i it ������j  Get "More Money" for your Foxes  Muskrat, White Weasel, Beaver, Lynx, Wolves,  Marten and other Fur bearers collected In yoareeotlon  SHIP YOOR FURS DIRECT <o "SIIURERT"the Iarflest  house In the World dealing exclusively In NORTH AMERICAN RAW FURS  a reliable���������responsible���������safe Fur ilouse with an unblemished reputation existing for "more than a third of a century," a long successful record of sending J'ur Shippers pronipnSATISFACTOKY  AND PKOKITAKLE returns. Write for tEfje <&!julitrt Sbhivvtt,"  the only reliable, accurate market report and price list published.  Write lo: it���������IS'OW-Wb FREE  A    B   QWHPE'PT   Inn   23-27 WEST AUSTIN AVE.  A. o. ariUi>li.K.a, Anc, v)ept,c vt Chicago, u.s.a.  At'the Head  The man at the head of affairs  whether at home or in business, is  the one whose attention you wish  to attract.  Our paper goes into the best class  of homes and is read by the head of  the family. That accounts for the  results obtained by the use of  Classified  Want  Ads.  BOOT   REPAIRING  TAKE  your   repairs  to   Armson, chcin   re  IMiirer.    Tho   Hub.    Look   for  tin-   H\u  Hoot.  SECOND-HAND   GOODS  HKillKWTCASIl PKK'KS fnid for old Sinvc^  at'd    HiintrcH.    K. C  Peckhiiin,   i-'etr'ii V-  iiikI Siore.  Assuring Your  usmess  A policy of advertising is a  policy of life assurance, and the  protectiion thus secured is  well worth its annual cost.  Old Customers die or move  away���������they must be replaced.  Old customers are subject to  the influence of tempation���������  they may be induced to divide  their custom���������to do some of  their shopping' at a competitor's.  New customers to this community will shop with you���������  become regular customers���������if  they are invited to do so.  Tour competitor's advertising  is an influence which must be  offset if you are to maintain  your trade.  Not to advertise regularly to  <���������    the readers of  THE GRAND FORKS SUN  Is to leave your business unprotected.  It is no sign of weakness to follow the lead of advertising.  You owe itsto yourself to get  the most for your money, the  best goods and the best service.  And if you find that your inclination is to shop where you  are invited to shop rather than  continue to be a customer of  the shop which never solicits  your good will, you need have  no compunction of conscience.  Shop Where You Are  Invited to Shop iffHE   SUN,    GRAND    FOKKS,   B. C  You'll always have nice clean  pantry  shelves  if  you  go  r,   over them occasionally with  British Scientists Ask  . Reforms in Education  Thirty-Six   Issue  a   Manifesto   Calling  For Drastic Changes  A manifesto calling for a drastic  reform in the educational-system of  Great Britain is published over the  signatures of a committee o������ thirty-  six leading scientists, including Sir  'William Osier, Regius Professor of  Medicine, Oxford University, Sir  William   Ramsay,   Sir  AVm.   Crooke-s  and Lord Rayleigh.  The manifesto declares ' that the  British are a woefully ignorant people and are paying heavily for their  ignorance. It urges -a reconstruction  of the school system as an immediate  necessity.  "The nation's success now and in  the difficult period of reconstruction  after the -war," says tho manifesto,  "depends largely on the possession by  the leaders and administrators of  scientific methods and habits of  mind. For the past fifty years efforts have.been made'vainly to introduce , the study of experimental  science into the "ouutry's schools and  colleges as an essential part of the  educational program."  Miller's AVorm. Powders destroy  ���������worms without any inconvenience' to  the child, and so effectually that they  pass from the body unperceived. They  are not ejected in their entirety, but  are ground up and pass away through  the bowels with the excreta. 'J'hey  thoroughly cleanse the stomach and  bov.'els and leave them in a condition  not favorable to worms', and there will  be no revival of the pests.  His Wife������������������Oh, dearU I wonder if  there is any perfect happiness in this  world.  Tho Cheerful Pessimist���������Xot likely.  Silver linings are surrouonded by  clouds.  How's This?  We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any case of Catarrh that  cannot be cured by Hall's Catarrh  Cure.  F. J. CIIEXEY & CO., Toledo, O.  "We, tho undersigned, have known F. J.  Cheney for the last 15 years, and believe  him perfectly honorable in all business  transactions find linauciall;' able to carry  out any obligations  made  by his  lirrn.  NATIONAL. UANK OF COilMEROU,  Toledo, O.  Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internal-  1v, acting- directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of li.e system. Testimonials sent free, .-"riio, 75 cents per bottle.  Sold  by all  Druggists.  Take Hall's Family Tills for constipation.  Tit one of the southern Slates the  negroes are great patrons of a matrimonial agency. One negro, anxious to  find a wife for his son, went to this  agent, who handed him his'list of lady  clients. Running through this, the  man came up6n his own wife's name,  entered as desirious of obtaining a  husband between the ages of 2S and  31!.  Forgetting about his son, the darkey  hurried home to announce his discovery lo his wife. She was not at all  disturbed.  "Ves,'' site said, "I done give him  my name, i puis it down when you  was so sick in do winter and de doctor says wo must prepare for de  worst."���������Tit-Bits.  Don't. Persecute"  yousr Bowels  Cut out c.-illiartics and purgatives.   They are  brutat--liar.',h���������unnecessary. Try  CARTER'S LITTLE  LIVER PILLS  Purely vflfretabli;. Act  gcnlly on I lie liver,  eliminate bils.aud  soullictlieileli-  catestiembrum:  eftliebowel  Curt' Cnn  il\pv':zti,  f'ttni/i-  ntr.s.  Sick Headache ani Indigestion, as mUlicnt  knaa.  SmalJ PHI, Small Doae, Small Price ���������  lervuine must bear Signature  Vit  W. N. U. 1094  "How are you enjoying yourself  while- your wife is away?"  "Sew, sew," he replied, struggling  with a button and thread.  The  Modern   Method' is  Most  Successful   in   Treating  Indigestion  The old-fashioned methods of treating indigestion and stomach troubles  are being discarded. The trouble  with the old-fashioned methods was  that when the treatment was stopped  the trouble returned in an aggravated form. The modern method of curing indigestion and other stomach  troubles-is to tone up the stomach" to  do nature's work. Every step toward,  recovery is a step gained, not to be  lost again. The recovery of the appetite, the disappearance of pain, the  absence' of gas,���������are all steps on the  road to health that those who-have  tried the tonic treatment remember  distinctly. Dr. "Williams' Pink Pills  are a blood-builder, tonic medicine,  every constituent of which is helpful  in building up the digestive organs,  and is therefore the very best remedy  for chronic cases of stomach trouble.  Thousands of cases like the following  prove how successful this treatment  is: Miss Amy Browning, Cornith,  Out., says: "I have found such great  benefit from Dr. "Williams*.-Pink.Pills  that I would be ungrateful if I did not  publicly say a good word in their  favor. I was badly run down and my  stomach was in a very had condition.  All food distressed me, and left me  disinclined to eat. I suffered from  nausea and dizziness and frequent  sick headaches, and this was further  aggravated by pains in the back and  sides'. I was in this condition for  several years, and although I had  got medicine from several doctors it  did not help me. Then I heard of Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills and began taking  them. I am glad to say that" they soon  helped me, and now 1 am as well as  ever: can eat all kinds of food, with  relish, and have not an ache or pain,"  You can get these Pills through any  dealer in medicine or "by mail, post  paid, at 50 cents a box or six boxes  for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Med\  icine Co., Urockville, Ont.   "���������  German Orders in French  It was not sufficient for unhappy  Belgium that a horde of barbarians  poured over her fair land and systematically murdered her civilian population, looted their homes, applied the  incendiaries' torch, and committed  every kind of outrage too horrible to  bear reproducing in print���������as not  established by documentary evidence  ���������all this was not enough; the kultur-  ed Huns must needs murder Belgium's mother tongue. A notice set  up by the Germans in a Belgian village is intended to convey to the inhabitants the order that "at twilight  every one must retire within doors;  and that the inhabitants must show  respect to the German troops passing  through and to German soldiers individually."  What the notice actually says, however, is this, "At twilight each, one is  bound to withdraw within himself  (that is; to recognize the error of his  ways). Tlie inhabitants are to respect  the passing troops and the singular  German soldiers." Here is this choice  specimen of German kultur, a model  of insolence anu>pretentious scholarship: "An crepuscule chacun est tenu  de renlrer en luimeme. Les habitants  dolvent respecter les troupes pas-  shntes ct U;s singuliers soldats alle-  niands."  Verily, thy cup of bitterness is full,  unhappy Belgium'-��������� R.L.S., in New  York   Times.  Must Enter Ranks as Privates  It is slated at the department of  militia that the new system of training officers in Canada whereby they  will enter the ranks as privates, bs  recommended by their commanding  officers, and tako a probationary  course, will go into elToct immediately. It is staled positively that the  subaltern training classes now under  way in various parts of Canada will  be the Jast of the kind to be held.  "I suppose now you are married  your time of billing and cooing has  ceased?"  "Well, the cooing has ceased, but  the billing is as brisk as ever!"  Kaiser and Archduke  $[ade Secret Compact  "Pact of Konopisht" a Dismal' Failure  Because Britain .Was Misjudged  A curious article by Henry Wick-  ham Steed, foreign editor of the .London Times, appears in the February  number of "the- Nineteenth Century  and After." It is entitled "The Pact  of Konopisht," and deals with events  alleged to have transpired immediately preceding the war.  * A fortnight before tho assassina-  lipn of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand and his'wife, says the writer, they  were visited at the castle Konopisht,  in Bohemia, by the German Kaiser,  and Admiral von Tirpitz. Ostensibly  the Emperor went to Konopisht. to  see the rose gardens. The story Steed  tells is that at Konopisht the Kaiser  and the Archduke made a secret compact.  The paramount desire of the Archduke and his wife was to make provision for their sons, who were debarred by the'Hapsburg family law  from attaining imperial rank. Tbe  Kaiser, it is said, unfolded his great  scheme of tho war.  Russia was (o be provoked to conflict with Germany and Austria;  franco was to be instantly smitten  to tho dust, while the abstention of  Britain was considered certain. ' The  Kaiser proposed to reconstitute the  old Kingdom of Poland, which, ���������with  Lithuania and the Russian Province  of Ukraine, stretching from the Baltic to the Black Sea, was to be tbe  inheritance of Francis and his eldest  son.  For the second son a kingdom  was to'be carved-out, including Bohemia, Hungary, .Serbia, the Slav  coast of .the eastern Adriatic,' and  Saloniki.  German Austria, with Trieste, was  to "pass to the present heir, the Archduke Charles Joseph, to be incorporated in the German empire.  A pact would be created and a  huge military aud economic alliance  made, with the Kaiser supreme in  Europe, and perhaps throughout the  world.  Mr. Steed in an analysis of the extraordinary circumstances surrounding the assassination of 'he Archduke  and his consort seems to imply that it  was connected with resentment  against the Hapsburg family.  The writer suggests that the Kaiser  persisted in forcing the war after  the removal of his principal .accomplice because the murders furnished  him with afresh and useful pretext.  FOR  DISTEMPER  CATARRHAL FEVER.  AND ALL NOSE AND  TH ROAT  -DISEASES  as a preventative for others.  Sar'e  for brood mart's ami all.  Demand   SPOHN'S,   Sold. byi*  Cures'the sick anrl acts  Ijiauid given, on'the tongue,  others.  Best   kidney remedy.  all druggists and turf goods houses, or sent, express pre:-'  paid,   by   the  manufacturers,  ijooklet,   "Distemper,   Cuiisu  and  Cure,"  free.  SPOHN   MEDICAL   CO..  Chemists and   Bacteriologists. Goshen,   Incl.,   U.S.A.  Young  Man,   Don't Wait  Until You  are  Fifty  Before You Begin to Save Up "For" Old Age.  THE-EXCELSIOR LIFE   .  INSURANCE  COMPANY  'WILL   GAVE   MONEY   AND   MAKE   MONEY   FOR   YOU  Talk   With   One .of  Our  Agents.  Jl-^a������4-Jd  ?<"W  ���������������v4i-iC  or in the barn, "eating their heads oil". One means  profit���������the other means loss. Wlieu a Horse goes lame-  ���������develops a Spavin-Curb; Splint. Ringbone���������don't  risk losing him through neglect���������don't run just as great a  risk by experimenting with unknown "cures". Get the old  reliable standby���������  YJ  Mr. F. Winters, Fort William, Out., writes���������"I have cartel one spavin with  your Spavin Care, and am now trying it on another with j������ood icsu''.:;". lie  ready for circrgencics, keep a Dottle oi' Kendall's in cue barn. Idea, if a-  horse goes lame, you have the remedy on hand to cure the trouble quickly.  $}. a bottle���������6 for '$5. at druggists.   Ask yours j'or free copy of boot-���������Treatise  The Horse" or write ns direct. - ,  On  Dr. B. J. KENDALL CO.,  '  _9S   -  EMOSBURG FALLS VERMGFiT, U.S.A.   -  Minard's  Cows.  Liniment Cures Garget in  Fur Trade Has Been Active  Fur dealers* at Edmonton report  that the trade in furs for the last  two months of 1P15 was the best  known for many years. There was  keen competition for furs coming out  of tho north country, which 'meant  that the trappers ^got. higher prices  than ever before, and a period of considerable prosperity was ushered in  in those districts where fur production is the principal industry.  en  ave  British Columbia's Copper  The war has resulted in a great demand for copper with a corresponding  increase in price, and the importance  of British Columbia copper resources  Avere never so well appreciated. There  was a considerable increase in the  production of copper from the British  Columbia mines in 1915, and the total is now estimated at 52,000,000  pounds. The mineral production of  British Columbia last year, according  to a recent report, was valued, at ?26,-  7G3,O00. -"-'    "      ���������  There may be no steel vessels employed in the Newfoundland sea  fishery next spring. Five such vessels were recently sold to the Russian government, and it is said that  others will soon be purchased for  tho transporation of freight to  Europe.  Jacques���������Tell me, is it true that the  celebrated cubist, Florinski, has been  shot in Paris as a spy?  Jean���������Yes, it's quite correct. He  made a portrait study of Joffre and  they took it for a plan of the Calais  fortifications!  A GOOD CHANGE  A   Change   of   Food   Works   Wonders  Wrong food and drink cause a lot of  trouble in this -world.' To change is  first aid when a person is ill, particularly from stomach and nervous  troubles. As an illustration: A lady  was brought around to health again  by leaving off coffee (Tea is just as injurious because it contains caffeine,  the same drug found in coffee) and  some articles of food that did not  agree with her.  "She says: .-  "For a nurab'er of years I suffered  with stomach and bowel trouble which  kept setting worse until I was ill most  of the time. About four years ago  1 left off col'ica and began using Postum. My stomach and bowels improved right along, but 1 was so reduced in liesh and so nervous that the  least thing would overcome me.  "Then 1 changed my food and began  using Grape-Nuts in addition to Pos-  tuin. I lived on these two principally  for about four months. Day by clay f  gained in flesh and strength until the  nervous trouble had disappeared. I  feel that I owe my health to Postum  and Grape-Nuts.  "Husband was troubled, for a long  time with occasional cramps and slept  badly. Finally 1 prevailed upon him  to leave off coffee and take Postuin.  After he tried Posluni for a few days  he found that he could sleep and that  his cramps disappeared. lie never  went back to coffee." Nave given by  Canadian Postum  Co., "Windsor,  Ont.  Postum comes in two forms:  PoEttim Cereal���������the original form���������  must bo well boiled. 15c and L'oc packages.  Instant Postum���������a soluble powder���������  dissolves quickly in a cup of hot water, and, with cream and sugar, makes  a delicious beverage instantly, 30c  and 50c tins.  Both kinds are equally delicious and  cost about the same per cup.  "There's a Reason" for Postum,  ���������sold by Grocers.  im  SANDY   GOULETTE   TOOK   DODD'S  KIDNEY PILLS FOR BRIGHT'S  DISEASE  Now He -Can Do His Day's Work as  Well as He Could Ten Years Ago���������  Offers  Proof of "His Statement.  Old Fort Bay, Labradore, Que.���������.  (Special).���������Cured of Bright's Disease  when tho grave yawned before him,  Sandy Goulette, an old settler here,  wants all the world to know that lie  owes his life to Dodd's Kidney Pills.  .."I was swollen out of shape from  head to foot. I was so short of breath  I could hardly speak," Mr. Goulette  states. - "The doctor could do nothing  for me. The minister gave me the  holy sacrament and a good old priest  came and told me that I could not'live  much longer. .-..'>'.  ���������"I.'was sick all winter and in the  spring I telegraphed two hundred  miles for two boxes of Dodd's Kidney  Pills. I took three pills the night they  came and I got relief before morning.  I took Dodd's Kidney Pills and they  cured me.  "If anyone doubts this statement  they can write me and I will give them  names of people who know me and  who will vouch for me. I am able to  do my day's work as well now as I  could'ten years ago."  Dodd's Kidney Pills are no cure-all.  They simply cure the Kidneys.  The total production of canned salmon in British Columbia in 1915  amounted to 3,132,200 cases which is  an increase of 22,000 cases over the  previous year.  Minard's  theria.  Liniment     Cures     Diph-  "Oh, Mr. FHpperley," she exclaimed, soulfully, "have you ever felt a  dim, uneasy tense of oppression as if  the mere weight of life were a burden  coo heavy to be borne by the chained  spirit panting with psychic longing  to be free?"  "1 invariably have such a feeling  after a heavy dinner," was the callous  response; "but hitherto I have attributed it to the pudding."  nothing  AVorni  so  Ex-  As a vermifuge there is  potent as Mother Graves'  terminator, and it can be given to the  most delicate child without fear of injury to the constitution.  Made a. Good Record  The sympathizing neighbor was condoling with Un' Gabe.  '���������Tour wife, uncle, was a wonderful  mother."  "She were indeed, sub. See dat 11*1  chap playiu' jes' outside de gate?  Well, sub, he's ouv slxteent'."���������Chicago Tribune.  No  corns  hand  one need endure tho agony  with Holloway's Corn Cure  to remove them.  "Me is a rising pugilist, isn't hc?;'  "Indeed ho is, but he doesn't deserve any special credit for being  such a fighter."  "Why not?"  "His mother named him Obadiah,  and kept his hair in ringlets until he  was 11, so ho had to fight."  TV  LITTLE     -  HINGS COUNT  Even in a match you should  consider the "Little Things/'  (he wood���������the composition���������  the   strikeabilityWthe   flame.  ere made of strong dry pine  stems, with a secret perfected  composition that guarantees  "Every Match A Light." 65  years of knowing how���������that's  the reason!  All Eddy products  are dependable products���������Always.  ������HE NEW FJIEMSH REM2DV, Nol. No2. N.3.'  great success, cures chronic weakness, lost vigor  tt VIM, KIDMEV, BLADDER, DISEASES, BLOOD l'OISOJJ.  PILES. EITHER No. DRUGGISTS or MAIL SI. POST 4 CTi  FOUGKRA Co, 00, BEBKMAN ST. NEW VORK or LYMAN UIW13  TORONTO. WRITE I'OR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLERd  MED.CO, llAVERSTOCKRD.HAMPSTEAD, LONDON, ENO.  TRY NEW DRAGEE (TASTELESS) FQKMOF   EASY TO T\U  TH E R APION>������ffi>������Dc������.-.  BSZ THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THEEAPION' IS 09  3217. GOVT.STAMP AJHXED TO ALL GENUINE PACXXTk  5W  'S  Tlia Great English licmedy.  Tones and invigorates the whole  nervou? system, makes new Blood  in old Veins, Cures Nervous  Debility, Mental and Brain Worry, Despondency, Loss of lateral/, Palpitalicn of the,  Heart, Failing Memory. Price ti. per box, sis  for$S. Oco will pleaae, six will euro. Sold by all*  druggists or mailed in plain pkg. on receipt of  price. Knn pamphlet mailed free. TH������ WOOD  fr3EBECiNECO.,TOaONTO,0NT, (Fwnerlr ft'lsJsor.?  are high-class, veil-made, and perfect  fitting. All ordered clothing made to  measure. Agents wanted in every town  The Clifton Tailors, Limited  20 Hayter St., Toronto, Ont.  PERFECTION RAZOR PASTE  Will sharpen your fJazor Better and Quickcl  Jl'-J" can be do;;e in any other way. Lasts a  Lifetime. Satisfaction eriiai'antced or..incn:y'  refunded post free 25 Cents.. I'ony Kazor.  6tro.ps 7S Cents. O. K. Strops $l.EO���������Best  IV atle.���������Canada Hono Co.. Wa-.vanesa, Mjuk  toba, Canada. '  "Look at that foolish Baker,".said  one naaa to another, ,!out on a rainy  day like this without an umbrella!  Is he crazy?"  "I suppose-so," said his friend hurriedly. "Let's hurry on. I don't M'ant  to meet him."  "Why not?"  "Ha may recogni/e this umbrella.  IVa his."  '\ Marina Is prepared by our Physicians, as used for  many yeara in their  ������3 practice, now dedicated to tho Public and  .sold byYourDruKgist.  _ TryMurinetoRefresh,  Cleanse, and Strengthen Eye3 after exposure to  Cold Cutting Winds and Duat and to rcotoro  healthful tone to Eyes Reddened and made Son  by Overwork and Eye Strain.  Some broadminded Physicians U3e and recommend Murine while others perhaps jealous of its  Success, talk and rush into print in opposition;  thoso whose Eyes need care can gueas why, an  thero Is no Prescription fee in Murine. Just hand  your Druggist 60e and you have a Complete Pkjr.  Eyo Book���������Murine���������Dropper���������and Cork Screw-  ready for use. Try it in your Eyes and in Baby'a  Eyca for Eye Troubles���������No Smarting���������Just Eqra  Comfort Wri te for Book of tho Eyo Free.  Murine Eyo Remedy Company, Chi������03������ THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B, a  ���������m  </.���������  .FATE OF EMPHIE  HELD IN  HANDS OF THE NAVY  A Few Thousand Men in Charge of the Grand Fleet/Exerting a  Greater Pressure on Enemy than the Huge Land Forces  and in Final Analysis, Decision Rests with Navy  the  -   A map of  a  world  at'   war.  would ",bs colored  combatants: or ini  ope���������Cette, vieille  .world today exhibits  Four    continents  black as supplying  jeopardy.    In Eur-  Etiropc, as Napoleon called it���������tbe -conflict is so des-  , perate, and along so many lines of  furious violence, that, listening, you  can almost hear from anywhere the  boom of the guns, the" tramp of armed men;' the,cries of the wounded, the  answering' silence of ���������the dead., Millions'of men'have gone down into  darkness. Millions more may" be destined to follow them. The lines sway,  now backwards, now forwards, - and  he .would be a bold-man who would  definitely declare what would be the  '. ultimate result of this world battle.  "Somewhere/in, the British Islands/'  or 'its surrounding seas there is a  place which in the largest scale map  of the arena of war would not occupy  more than a minute fraction of 'a  pin's head. A few 'thousand, men���������  less in total numbers than the casualties of a normal land attack���������  there rest quietly on strange machines wrought of steel and iron, all of  which could be packed into a few  square miles. But. these men and  machines are- the Grand Fleet of the  British, empire. And the contents of  this fraction of a pin's head "will decide tbe war, with the, end coming  perhaps today, perhaps tomorrow;  but with the end assured.-  -If our enemies could only obtain, as  a gift of the gods they worship, some  earthquake  or volcanic    or frightful  natural  upheaval,     how     inevitable  would be their choice.    Not London,  the ;heart of the empire; not the millions, who.hold the line from East to  West;  but just this tiny spot in the  ocean  where a  commander,    always  watchful,; controls machines the,- fear  of whicji keeps the German fleet in  hiding  behind  booms  and  protective  mines, and whose existence gives the  freedom of the ocean, not only to the  armed forces of ourselves and our allies,- but to the peaceful plying of tho  commerce of all the merchantmen of  the  world���������except those  of our enemies.     Tho  German    flag    flies    nowhere in  the seven  seas..   The German merchantman    and great liners  have been banished from them like a  dream when one awaketh.   The whole  . gigantic   oversea   trade   which     Germany has built up with so much care  and pride���������trade which is vital to the  welfare of her people, destruction of  which means gigantic misery and ruin  ���������has fallen like a great house to the  ground.     The  few  German* warships  which  existed outside Germany when  war began  have been  hunted  down,  and lie, for the most part, deeper than  ever plummet's sounding in the abysses of alien oceans.    The great German  ports, once the scenes of busy  life,  repose  like cities    of the dead.  The   great   German     mercantile   sea  lords   proclaim their  bankruptcy.    A  few merchants and commis voyageurs  stranded   at   Monte   Video   or  Yokohama,  wait vainly for the ship  that  will never'come, and the order that  will never   be executed.    The British  navy is the one instrument, on either  side of conflict, which has performed  'its  work-with complete^ and  unchallengeable success.   It hEts broken, as  by a sudden hammer-blow, the whole  of Germany- that lived upon and trafficked in deep waters.   It has render-,  ed the  German high sea fleet as innocuous  in its hiding place as  if it  had    never  existed���������as  if  the  three  hundred million pounds  spent in its  construction   had  been  thrown  carelessly into the German Ocean.    And  slowly but surely, without ostentation  or boasting, like the slaying of a man  in the  darkness by an unseen hand,  it has  laid its grip on the throat of  Germany, never henceforth to be relaxed until the end comes.    The victim may struggle, lash'out with hands  and feet, writhe in agony, and in' its  struggles   . damage    all    surroundhig  things;  but despite the struggles the  grip will remain secure, the pressure  continued and intensified.    And it is  all dependent on some tiny aggregate  of ships and"men "somewhere in the  British  Isles."  ���������The long controversy between Admiral Mahan and his critica, passing  from theory to practice, seems likely  to end in a vindication of his contentions more complete than even he had  dared to anticipate. The boldness of  Mr. Balfour's acute and critical mind  .in acceptation of the theories of the  "Blue-water School" against the protests of Lord Roberts and any les^  distinguished followers, has been  more than justified. .The only anxiety  and the only loss have come from the  introduction of a weapon, in a sense  detached from and independent of .sea  power���������the submarine, whose existence and action at one time caused  dismay among the fainthearted. That  dismay is now nearly over. The ingenuity of th3 navy* and its normal  efficiency and courage has rendered  this invention in the hands of our  enemies comparatively innocuous. It  never could even attempt to raise the  sea'blockade of Germany. It had no  success in home waters, either in attack on capital ships or interference  with the transport of men and munitions of war. Today, while the best  of tho German submarines and their  most adventurous crew.3 lie rotting on  the floors of the ocean, this new weapon has itself been turned by the Royal  e lithe  Navy against, our enemies. And in  closed inland seas where, before  war, no man eve.- dreamed that such  queer craft could penetrate���������the Bal-'  tic and Marmora���������British submarines  are performing deeds' which are the  wonder of the world.  Nothing isvmore inslmotive than to  watch the gradual chauge'in the verdict of the German'experts in the German papers during the fifteen months  of.naval war.   At first they were exultant in the affirmation ; that Britain  had been struck a blow in the vulnerable place of her armour.    They rejoiced over the "Emden" making terror  of the  Indian   Ocean,    over  the  German Pacific 'fleet destroying British   ships   under  the   shadow   of  the  Andes at the close of a stormy winter  day; in the various destructions committed-by   armed     merchantmen   or  light, cruisers   in   the   various'  trade  routes of the world.'' As one by one  these'-.'disappeared, and, finally,  by a  daring' combination  of   strategy  and  effective   seamanship,     the     German  Pacific'fleet was battered to pieces off  the Falkland Islands- they closed that  chapter with a sigh of regret. In the  second  chapter,  they  fought, desperately.-to encourage the spirit of their  peoples by talking, of little but of their  "gallant  submarines." " It  is. not  too  much to say that the loss of the "Lusi-  tania"   caused  universal,applause   in  every German city'and hamlet.  And  this, not from any special delight in  the slaughter of women and children,  but because they had promised to do a  thing, and had" done it successfully;  .because they saw in vision, one after  another,  each    British " Dreadnought  succumbing to the same attack. Lastly,  came  the  period  when  even  the  pretence   of   this   success   could   no  longer, be maintained.    The  terrified  islanders could no longer be depicted  as cowering in fear before the might  of instruments  of the  air or of the  deep.    The  blockade  closed  in,  and  as it tightened, there began to be exhausted   the   accumulated   stocks   of  oversea produce which at first made  that blockade only felt (as it were) as  a slight tickling at -he throat which a  strong man could disregard. The sanest of the German naval experts, such  as  Captain   Persius,  now  openly  declare that the decision on the sea is  settled, and in favor of England. They  acknowledge.     that   the   allied   fleets  were not only at the beginning vastly  stronger, than those or Germany, but  every  day increases  that  disposition  of strength.    The immense effort of  Clyde and Wear and Tyne is creating  a new navy, and. doubling the strength  of our  sea-power.    So  much  is  this  true that they have even begun to instruct their readers in the theory thai  sea-power  does  not  much    matter���������  these readers having spent three hundred millions on the theory that "the  future   of  Germany  lies   on, the   water."    They announce  that  they will  counter the sea blockade with an im-  menso land adventure, and fling their  forces to the Persian Gulf or the borders of Arabia, or along North Africa  to  Morocco  and  the  Pillars  of Hercules.    But  wherever  they  go,   they  will  find  the  sea  dominant  and  the  "terrified  islanders" countering their  efforts, barring their only practicable  way to Syria or'f rem" Syria to Egypt,  transporting     armed  forces   wTiither  they will, from Archangel to the Persian Gulf.  All the while the oversea products  on which depend the German vital  forces steadily decline. Rubber-is unobtainable. Copper and similar metals have to be dismally accumulated  by scrapping private houses or melting down church bells. Their cotton  industry and wool industry for civil  supply have almost ceased," and even  for military equipment are proving  steadily insufficient; .while the price  of the vital articles of food has risen  to such a height as to cause rioting,  recrimination between class and  class, and a spirit something approaching revolution at home. If already this internal cancer is developing, how much it is likely to develop  during the winter cold and the coming of spring! Sooner or later the  Central Powers will be in the position  of the South in America. The increasing chaos and confusion, demonstrations of hunger, degeneration  amongst the spirit of the people, and  strangulation which, as it increases,  will plunge Germany headlong into  such ruin as no civilized nation has  ever yet suffered, are due in (he main  to the efficiency, determination, and  untiring vigilance of those who, guarding the gates of all the ocean, todav  can still signal "All's Well!"���������The  Right Hon. C. F. G. Masterman, in the  London Ration.  Russia Not in U.S. Market  "The imperial munitions board is  officially informed that there is no  truth in the .statements which have  appeared recently to the effect that  the Russian government is negotiating the placing of orders for ten  million shrapnel and high explosive  shells in the United States," says a  statement issued by the board recently.  The board has recently placed an  oruer for 50,000 boxes for 4.5 brass  cartridge cases. Tenders were called  for and the tenders received ranged  from $1.22% per box to $4 per box.  The order was placed at the lowest  price quoted,  To Secure World Peace  Dr. C. W. Eliot Urges U.S. to Make  Alliance With France and  Britain  ,Dr. Charles W. Eliot, presiaenr. emeritus of Harvard, universitj', has  contributed a thoughtful article to  the New York Times. It "is captioned: "Should America Join a  League of 'Faith-Keeping Nations?' "  First of all Dr. Eliot emphasizes the  point that-i large'proportion of the  Americans in favor of military preparation have hazy ideas as to what  military preparation entails, and also  as to the purpose to be served, by  such preparation. , And on the other  hand, avers Dr. IjJliot, the opponents  of preparedness are equally diverse  in their arguments.  "But what they are all agreed upon,  he thinks, is that the United States  can run no risk of the fate vwhich  has overtaken Belgium, Poland,  Northern France, Serbia and other  portions of Europe. "And, the most  Satisfactory 'insurance���������indeed the  only accessible insurance���������is." says  the ex-president; "increase of the defensive features in naval warfare���������  such as mines, submarines, monitors,  aeroplanes,- and ��������� swift cruisers���������and  ample provision of shore batteries of  long range guns; Most Americans,  would undoubtedly be willing to pay  for this insurance, : even if the- risk  of successful invasion be admitted  to be very small."  Doubt is cast by Dr. Eliot upon the  point whether the American public  has made up its mind to "organize  and support an army in the modern  sense." But he is quits- clear that  if- it ever does make up its mind to  do so the present army- system and  stale militia will have to be abandoned. In . their place a democratic  army modeled -more or less after the  Swiss army, will, in his opinion, b3  necessary. This, says Dr. Eliot, would  be "novel" to the average American  and his reason for, thinking so appears from the following passage:  "The new legislation would have  to- cover such unfamiliar and distasteful subjects , as accurate registration, watchfully "maintained, of  the training, occupation and place  of residence of every able bodied  man -between 20 and 40;* mobilization, the proclamation. of martial  law, the seizure of many kinds-of  private property for military uses,  and taxation raised, much above- the  peace limits. Unless the crisis be  acute, this is not .a; job to be undertaken by congress in a hurry' or  under the stimulus q������ either wrath  or fear. It is very doubtful, indeed,  if congress would ever adopt such  legislation except under the influence of serious disasters in actual  war. The Civil War brought no such  legislation. Great Britain even now  does not adopt it."  The^ second portion of his article  Dr. Eliot "devotes to a consideration of  the allied questions of the freedom of  the seas- and the commercial rights  of neutrals in war time. In regard to  the freedom of the seas Dr. Eliot is  not satisfied that the task can be .permanently accomplished by the British navy alone, even making full allowance for/vhat it has accomplished  in the present war "with.a little aid  from France, Italy and Japan." His  own solution is the following:  "One satisfactory solution of that  problem can now be clearly discerned���������and only one which would be  both feasible and effective. A firm  and durable combination of Great  Britain, France, Italy, Russia, and  Japan���������present belligerents���������and ..by-  invitation.'the United States or Pan-  America and Scandinavia, could assure the freedom of the seas for all  the world in time of peace, and for  themselves and their allies in time of  war, by means of their navies with  the support of such garrisons as  these nations are already accustomed  to provide.    ...  "The experiences of the civilized  world since the first conference at  The Hague have demonstrated that  peace cannot be procured or maintained for Europe or the world  through international agreements,  however comprehensive and rational;  because some strong nations in Europe claim the right to disregard any  agreement on grounds of a military  necessity, they lo be sole judges of  the necessity. The peace-desiring nations are, therefore, thrown back on  the study of a less ambitious and  more hopeful project���������the creation of  a small league of faith-keeping nations, pledged to resist attack'from  without on any of its members. Had  such a league existed in July, 1914,  the present war would not have  taken place, even if it had contained  only three powers���������Great Britain,  France and Russia. Seventeen months  of furious fighting and heartrending  suffering have made the ereation-and  maintenance of a large league more  than   possible���������even   probable."  As a kind of secondary proposal  Dr. Mliot suggests that "for the purpose of defending the I'nited States  from foreign invasions" a smaller  league might suffice. Britain. France  and tho United States would, in his  opinion, form such a league. Each  .would be pledged to resist attack on  either of the others. In support of  this proposal the doctor advances the  following:  "For the formation of that combination many strong motives conspire.  These arc the three nations which  have stood longest, and now stand  firmest, for the ideals of political and  social freedom and justice, and of  consideration for the weak or unfortunate in the conduct of public-  affairs. War between any of these  three nations is hereafter absolutely  unthinkable; and any compact made  by all three would remain firm and  inviolable, no matter what (he execution of the compact might cost.  Here again is a definite object for  naval preparation by the United  Stales, but an object which might involve us in heavy responsibillies."  WORLD IS LEARNING ABO'UTOUR WHEAT FIELDS  Lord  Northc'ifT Praises the Energy  and Resourcefulness of the  Dominion, and says That Canadians are a People of  Immense Courage and Vitality  A special London " correspondent  says. "T went to see Lord Northcliffe  today, in his customary :.seat in his  small but comfortable sanctum in the  Times office.  "1 wanted to talk to him about Canada, for ho has seen a good deal more  Canadian territory than most Canadians.  "I won't talk about- compulsion,"  said his lordship. ' "That is finished.  We -can now raise all the men we  want for the war by a business like  system that prevents injustice, and  provides exactly as - many men as  may ��������� be required on any given date.  The struggle was long and fierce;  and it was much misunderstood in  Canada,, where you are deluged with  some pro-German views by cable  and   otherwise "from  London.  "Let us talk about Canada before, during and after the war. Wh_en  visualized by the world up to August,  1914, Canada was a great grain producing country, and anywhere where  emigrants could be found there were  pictures of vast prairie wheat fields.  For the rest it was known as one of  several 'Lands of Promise,' with fine  railways and unlimited acres for ambitious .settlers.  "It was a picture that was beginning lo pall somewhat, we had seen  it and. heard of it so often. As a  piece of material it was immensely  attractive, but material is not so  much in fashion in the world in January 1916, as it was in Januarv,  1913.  "Far seeing people who look to  the future see that the world will not  be in the hands of the* pacificists.  They know that the proved nations  of Canada, Australia. New Zealand,  South Africa, Great iJritain, France,  Belgium and Italy will occupy a  position which will be greatly, reinforced by a manhood that has been  through the great test of a vast upheaval that has shaken the universe.  "I am not fond. ot. war," continued  Lord Northcliffe. "I should have  greatly preferred to see  kept out of. the  war  if it  and thirty years since the whistle  of the������������������ transcontinental locomotive  was first heard on the Pacific.  "It is only a few months since  'Ypres' was on the world's tongue.  Today it looms in the world's history, and as the years go by it will  grow bigger,and: bigger. 1 have met  a few Canadians who are not particularly enthusiastic over the war. I  never met one who confesses he  would have stood by and kept aloof  from this war, a war not of revenge  but of justice.    - -���������  "Canadian charity too has shone  out like a great star in a dark firmament. The results have amazed  people in;.. Britain. But Canada's financial stability, her willingness to  help finance the war, are two new-  lights on the Dominion. For/more  than- a quarter of a century I have  been an enthusiastic visitor to':.: and  an admirer of Canada, but I confess 'her  efforts   have   surprised  me.  "Sometimes in many parts of Canada I have met gloomy men who  thought the empire was tumbling to  pieces, that their future relations  were all 'North and South,' not 'East  and  West.'    How; wrong they were.  relations   are   ob-  'East and West'  The future trade  viously still more  than ever.  "Canada stands before the world  today as a complete nation, a nation  which has sent a larger army a  greater distance than any in the  world's history. Our effort in South  Africa sixteen years ago was a  wonderful piece of transport and  difficult fighting, but if Canada  sends her 500,000 men across, en-,  listed out of a population of .eight  millions, it will be a record unequalled."  Dominion-Wide Prohibition  The  More  Complete the  Dry  Regime  the Better for the Country  People who never before look more  England \ than a languid interest in the subject  had been | are discussing provincial prohibition.  possible, but I. should be ashamed to ] Many drinking men say they would  belong to the race, bound by treaties j welcome absolute prohibition. It there  as we were to Belgium, and by an j is to be a dry regime, the more com-  understauding    with    France,   if   we \ p_lete.lt isln their opinion, the better.  had turned aside    while the German  Monster robbed, ravaged and slew.  "According to German calculations, Canada and the other Dominions . were to have risen in revolt  against England when we ��������� were  drawn into the vortex of a European  war. Among the things that the Germans are rubbing their thick "heads  about is this great miscalculation. It ��������� in. Quebec  is a mistake that has cost them very [anyone   in  They would expect better results  from provincial prohibition than from  local veto. From Dominion prohibition they would look for better yet.  For, of course, it must be borne in  mind that under provincial prohibition, breweries and distilleries in  in Hamilton could continue to manufacture, and find sale for their wares  or the United States, and  Hamilton   desiring   liquor -  dearly indeed."  Turning to the already historic  battles in Avhich the Canadian forces  have' fought and distinguished themselves,  Lord  Northcliffe  said:  "Vpres, Festubert, and Givenchy  are battlefields which will live in tlie  future as greater than Waterloo,  throughout France, Great Britain  and Belgium and far away into Russia. Canada now stands not merely  as a nation of great commercial capacity, but as .n people of immense  courage and vitality.  "Upon the top of this reputation  comes the news that the Dominion,  with a population of some eight  millions, is about to increase its contribution to the war to a magnificent  total of 500,000 men. That news is  having its effect all over the world  already. Prestige counts for everything. Canada has already gained  her prestige in the great world  struggle.  "I notice as a result that the Russian newspapers, which were hitherto merely interested in Canada as  being a place at the top of the  United States, are now discussing  the ��������� future relations of Russia and  Canada  could get it by private order from  I Buffalo. The province has nothing to  fdo with manufacture or importation;  it can only regulate or prohibit the  sale. But a house can only be built  from tbe ground up.. Stone by s-tone,  local option has been laying the foundation. Provincial pi-ohibition. would  furnish the superstructure. Dominion  prohibition would add the roof, protecting and rendering complete tho  whole edifice. The Committee of One  Hundred will probably find hosts of  people ready to aid them in seeking  to carry the province along one step  at a time. Partial prohibition, they  will think, is better than none at all.  When all he provinces, or nearly all,  go as far as they can go, the Dominion parliament may be expected to  act.���������Hamilton  Spectator.  Good Roads Banish Isolation  Improvement of Highways of Immense Benefit to Rural Districts  The public highway is the way- to  the market and from the market. It  is essential that such roads be built  as will make the market easily accessible at the particular time that prices  "The  Russians     evidently  want   to ; ara highest.   It is worth while to con-  maintain  good   highways  hear more about the Canadians,  vast Russian empire contains  some 50,000 miles of railroads,  have begun to talk about your  erb transcontinental lines, and  asking whether the men who  those roads cannot come .and  roads in Russia, and open up  vast territories that are so fur  unreachable to each other.  The  only  They  sup-  are  built  build  the  ?truct  and  for this purpose alone. This is sufficient reason, perhaps, for taxing the  people for the support of an adequate  system of roads.  But there   is  another  vic-,v  of  tho  usefulness of roads growing more important every day.    The social value  quite i of the highway is increasing as auto-  1 mobiles   multiply.     What   seemed   at  "They   are   hearing    about    yourjons  time  necessary    for  business is  wheat' fields,     your  agricultural" ma-j now a great convenience as well and  chinery.    They    want  to  know    the ; nn added source of pleasure.   The iso-  manufacturing  capacity    of    Canada. [ '  To their surprise the allies are finding that Canada can turn out an im  mense amount of- munitions,    and  if  munitions  during  the  war,  why  not  after  the   war?     To   f;ay  machinery  you are a Canadian in Russia today  is to need no other introduction  whatever. You are a friend, a proved friend.  "Russia desires above all to shake  off tho commercial yoke that Germany has put around her neck, and  she is looking to you to help. Therefore my personal acquaintance with  hoth Canada and Russia convinces me  that there are a score of reasons  why trade relations between your  two vast territories would in the future be of such a nature as would  greatly benefit both  countries.  "The rise of Canada has been comparatively slow. It is about .'170  years since Jacques .Carder began  the process of opening up, it is little  more than 150 years since Wolfe put  Quebec  on   the  map  of  the   empire,  ation of farm life, the separation ot  j community  life  begins   to   vanish   as  i good   roads   materialize.     The  furth-  j er   improvements     of   the   school  in  many parts  of Illinois  awaits  better  roads.    The churches  will be greatly  benefited by improved highways. Rural social  life   will  be  lifted  and  tho  neighborhoods  strengthened     by  the  movements   for   improved   highways.  ! As in day������ of old,  all roads lead to  i Rome, now all roads lead to a richer  ! community life.    The    "Highwaymen"  are the real builders of communities.  ���������University of Illinois Bulletin.  Will Not See Liberty Crushed  In u speech at the annual dinner  and business meeting of the Pilgrims  of the United States, in New York,  Joseph IT. Choate, former .American  ambassador to Great Britain, said  that he did not believe that the people of tho t'nltcd States could stand  by and see the cause of liberty crushed in the present war without taking  part in the fight  ���������Manamij������m������ju������������iw������ijnmu������ THE   SUN,    GRAND   FORKS,   B. C.  Look   Mother!     If tongue" is   coated,  cleanse little bowels with "Cali-  The Sun is your paper.   It is pub- fornia Syrup of Figs."  lished in the interest of its readers^'  It Is read by more people in Grand  Forks and the Kettle valley than  any other paper published in the  Boundary country. The .policy of  its editor is to give you interesling,  cheerful, and helpful information;  lo keep you in touch with the community; in fact, to bind, our "family ties." It is, has been, and always will be our opinion that little  things seen and heard by our readers will help to carry out the aims  and ambitions of the editor and infuse a little new blood into  its  col-  urns   occasionally-different   view        Bufc   the   & Q   reformer  points. Come ahead! We know you  hag nQ ofcher job ������  haveu t   much   time,   but did   you >  ever really^want to do anything and;  ..-   xOUE CHILD Ito CiiGfcC,  FEVERISH, CONSTIPATEL  Mothers can rest easy after givinr  "California Syrup of Pigs," because in  a few hours all the clogged-up ��������� waste,  sour bile and fermenting food gently  moves out of the bowels, and you have  a well, playful child again.  Sick children needn't be coaxed to  take this harmless "fruit laxative."  Millions of mothers keep it haudy because they know its action on tiie  stomach, liver and bowels is prompt  and sure.  Ask your druggist for a 50-cent bottle of "California Syrup of Figs," whicl  contains directions for babies, cbildroi  of all ages and for grown-ups.  THICK, GLOSSY HAIR  FREE FROM DANDRUFF  Girls! Try It! Hair gets soft, fluffy and  beautiful���������Get a 25 cent bottle  of Danderine.  If y:.u care for heavy hair that glistens with beauty and is radiant; with  life; has an incomparable'softness and  is. fluffy and lustrous, try Danderine.  Just one application doubles the'  beauty of your hair, besides it immediately dissolves every particle of  dandruff. You can , not have nice  heavy, healthy hair if you have  dandruff. This der.truclive scurf robs  tho hair of its lustre, its strength and  its very life, and if not overcome it  produces a feverishnesa and itching of  the scalp; the hair roots famish,  loosen and die; then the hair falls out  fast Surely get a 25-cent bottle of  Knowlion's Danderine from any drug  store and just try It  orA/Vatches,C locks and Jewellery" |  Cr'6 to '"   ���������'. '.'.���������::������������������". - ..-'���������"  llW/ti  First Street, Grand Forks  v_  Wedding, Birthday and Other Presents  Specialty: Pine Watch Repairs  J  to* Soldiers >  He who hesitates is bossed.  not find the time to do it? Just jot  down something and send it in. If  it interests you, it is quite certain to  interest others. We want- just the  little out of-the-ordinary everyday  events; we don't expect literary  .masterpieces from busy men.  Luck is too uncertain to sit  around and wait for.  ���������   Eggs for Hatching���������White Wyan  dottes; from  leading  pen of Wyan  dottes  in   four official contests, in  eluding  Panama-Pacific;  82,00 per  setting.    Wm.    Liddicoat,     Grand  Forks, B. C.  1 "Type was made to read " This  fact is constantly kept in mind at  The Sun Print Shop.  Accept no substitutes, but get tho  original���������The Grand- Forks Sun. It  gathers and pi ints   the   news  of the  city and district first  END  STOMACH TROUBLE,  GASES OR DYSPEPSIA  'Pape's Diapepsin" makes Sick, Sour,  Gassy Stomachs surely feel fine  in five minutes.  When you get your job  printing at The Sun office you  can depend on if that the work  has been done bv men who  know their trade. We have no  men in this office who pose as  experts after walkin.������j through  a couple of country shops half  a dozen times.  If what you just ate is souring on  your stomach or lies like a lump of  lead, refusing to digest, or you belch  gas and eructate sour, undigested  food, or have a feeling of dizziness,  heartburn, fullness, nausea, bad'taste  In mouth and stomach-headache, you  can got blessed relief in five minutes.  Put an end to stomach trouble forever  by getting a large fifty-cent case of  Pane's P'aiensin from any drug store.  You realise in five minutes how needless it i- *������������������) suffer from ^-"tigostion,  ''yspepsi... or any stomac1' iisorder.  ���������t'3 tho eircl'.eet, surest stomach doc-  .or   in   the   world.     It's   wonderful.  35 acres near my residence on  the bench; 150 bearing fruit  trees and small fruits; ten cows and good cream separator;  small house for tenant. Will furnish team, wagons, plows,  harrows, cultivators, and all necessary implements, and rent  for one-half the proceeds. I also have 55 acres near the  greenhouses which I will rent, without teams or implements,  for one-third of the crop. This RQ A  is a rare opportunity. Appls to fJFii  yg   bwb  The Famous Blatchford-Dzvls Shoes just arrived. The very" last word in Stylish Shoes for  Ladies.  Fancy Dull Kid,  Gypsey-cut, button   Gun Metal Calf,  Button   Patent Calf,  Cloth top, plain toe, lace *>& ���������  Patent Calf,  Dull Rid top, plain toe, button ^ ���������'  These Shoes surpass in style,   quality and  price  anything we know of in the market.  A Special School Shoe for Girls���������       ������> ^ff  Gun metal, button, at   eB.i eJ  (Jail and give us the opportunity of proving that we  have the values.  Donaldson's PH3������0NE  Butter Wrappers  Neatly printed with  special Butter Wrapper    '  Ink.    Also imprinted wrappers.    Our prices  are right.  fe SUN PRINT SHOP  c^Advertise  in  ^e   S  Addressing Mai  3n order ,to facilitate tlm handling  of mail at the front, anrl In iusurp  prompt delivery it is request- d that  all mail bo addressed as follows:  (a) Regimental number.  (b) Rank.  (c) Name.  (d) Squadron, battery or company  ~~���������~                                                               I      Ce)   Battalion,   rpgimptit   (or'.other  CORRECT     ENGLISH'un^).8Uff   appointment,  or' depart-  merit.  j      (f) Canadian Contingent.    "    ��������� ~  (s)- British-Exppditionarv  (h)  Army Post,  London  Unnecessary    mention    ot"!"-'h vii'-r  formations, such as brigad--, d vision*,  is strictly forbidden, find i-wi^- delay.  HOW TO USE IT  JosispniNE Tuuck Baker, Editor.  A MONTHLY MAGAZINE  For Progressive Men and Women,-  Business .and Professional; Cluh  Women, Teachers, Students. Minis  te.rs, Doctors, Lawyers, Stenographers, and for all who wish to  Speak and Write Correct English.  PARTIAL LIST OF CONTENTS  Your Every Day Vocabulary���������How-  to enlarge it.  Words, Their Meanings and Their  Uses���������Pronunciations with illustrative sentences.  Helps for Speakers  Helps for Writers  Helps for Teachers.  Rusiness English for-the Business Man  Correct English for the Beginner.  Corract English for the Advanced Pu  pil.  Shall and Will:   How to   Use   Them  Should and Would: How to Use Them  Sample Copv 10c.    Subscription Price  ���������    '82 CO a Year.  Evanstox, Illinois.  ���������ss-'w-.".:  *_ i  Lady Barber  m  Hotel Province  Billiard Room  White WyanJcttes"  Eggs and Day-old Chicks for Sale  Orders tilled in  rotation.  Get your orders in early.  25 Setting Hens Wanted  ills & Barritidham  i^SSSSS^^S^2SS&i������^^'5222Sa������^V;  CANADA from her abundance can help supply the Empire's needs,  and this must be a comforting thought for those upon whom the  heavy burden of directing the Empire's affairs has been laid. Gain or  no gain'the course before the farmers of Canada is as clear as it was  last year���������they must produce abundantly in order to meet the demands  that may be made, and I believe this to be especially true in regard to  live stock, the world's supply of which must be particularly affected in  this vast struggle. Stress and strain may yet be in store for us all  before this tragic conflict is over, but not one of, us doubts the issue,  and Canadians will do their duty in the highest sense of that great  word."���������HON. MARTIN BURRELL, Minister of Agriculture  " TV/TODERN war is made by resources, by money, by foodstuffs, as  1VJ. wen as by men and by munitions. While war is our first business, it is the imperative duty of every man in Canada to produce all  that he can, to work Moubiy hard while our soldiers are in the trenches,  in order that the resources of the cour.Lry may not only be conserved, but  increased, for the great s'.ruggie that lies before us. ' Work and Save'  is a good motto for War-time."���������SIR THOMAS WHITE, Minister  of Finance.  THE CALL OF EMPIht wm  TO CANADIAN FARMERS, DAIRYMEN, FRUIT GROWERS, GARDENERS  WHAT IS  NEEDED ?  these in particular-  wheat, OATS, HAY,  BEEF, PORK, BACON,  CHEESE, EGGS, BUTTER, POULTRY,  CANNED FRUITS, FRUIT JAMS,  SUGAR, HONEY, WOOL, FLAX FIBRE,  BEANS, PEAS, DRIED VEGETABLES  We must feed ourselves, feed our soldiers, and help feed the Allies.   The need is greater in  1916 than it was in 1915.    The difficulties are greater, the task is heavier, the  need is more urgent, the call to patriotism is louder���������therefore be  thrifty and produce to ihe limit.  "THE   AGRICULTURAL   WAR    BOOK   FOR   1916" L now  in  the press.   To be had from  The Publications Branch, Department of Agriculture, Ottawa.  THE   GOVERNMENT   OF  CANADA 2  THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE THE DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE  ~���������-������������������^^  nRaaEBBSffiSaSffigBagaUS


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