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Okanagan Commoner Jun 17, 1920

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 r*'  ;     1     .--.-^ i    -.  r*  ^ '  uf  fl  tv  *o*  tttt0fttt  4 Sf ,   ��������������������������� - e$iSS  4^  IX WHICH IS MERGED THE ENDERBY PRESS AND WALKER'S WEEKLY.  Vol.  13,  No.   19, Whole No.   690  ENDERBY, B. C. THURSDAY, JUNE 17, 1920  Subscription, $2 a year; 5c copy  Pound Bylaw Again Up  for Its Annual Once-Over  (I. W. V. A. SPEAKER  c-  fn years past possibly no local  bylaw has caused so ni'uch discussion ait the meetings of the City  Council as the Pound- ibylaw. It is  tbe ever-prelsent ibone that may be  uniear.tih-ed at any time tor words of  contention!. Bach new council has  to have it up for discussion. <at least  once land of-tener during- the term,  then iit is laid away again and bur-  'ied for the next council to find and  wrangle over.  ���������������������������Last Monday night it came up tor  .review aa a result of the ipresence  before the council of Herbert Teece,  thle onlly member of a comimiittee of  three appointed by the United Farmers to interview the council relating to its enforcement.Mr. Teece's  only objecttai to the enforcement  of the 'bylaw was on the score of 'the  impounding fee, his complaint being  based on wihat he considered an injustice should the full amount of  'thie fee inl eaoh c^se ibe charged  when say a herd of 20 or 40 cows  were impounded at one operation.  ���������������������������Mayor Barnes, however, /pointed  out to Mr. Teece Chat the city never  'htod impounded farmers' cattle, -and  that there was no likel'lhood of any  au������������������h a dase arising as he based his  comiplaint upon. Herds of 18 and  20 cattle meander into >town daily,  said the Mayor, and are driven out  by the constable, whereas if cows  or horses owned within the city  limits are allowed to roam the  streets tlhey are put into -pound. If  rthere.was any 'inequality in the en-  forcement of the bylaw it was  against the owners of cows within  thie-city,, not against the farmers.  He hoped to see the '"aw more equitably en-forced and this discrim'ina-  tion cease. The oity did not wiant  ,<to cause hardship t������������������ -anyone, and  certainly* would continue to be "lenient, as. in tbe past, in dealing with  herds noamlng into town, 'but where  it- w������������������o obvious that the owners of  stock, whether wiithout the -city or  within, deliibeirately allowed them  to. ipasture iifttfifal t^e ciity|,~ latter  repented "warnings, t/hese cattle  wou/.'d be impounded and the owners miad'e.-������������������o 'pay for. their negligence. - *o ^     ,  Jt wa������������������ apparent from the expressions of the several aldermen that  the words of the Mtyyor expressed  the opinion of al) preseint and the  ���������������������������matter 4������������������4  not  go  farther.  %t was a busy session. Graveling  of George street, street .lighting,  pmteeWon) of t|u������������������ - river ibanlk, all  were nwaUers discussed..  'A letter from th* Vernon Municipal Council stating that .thiait city  'b*$d pusihed1 the clock ahead an hour  and askln'g consideration for similar  action, was tabled.  Communications were read from  the Minister of the Interior re "migratory birds; from1 the National  Thrift Conference urging home  economl|c8r='friom~the���������������������������Pominion���������������������������as-  eociatlon of Fire Chiefs re fire 'Protection.  Copies of amending acts re poll  tax und amusement tax were submitted for consideration; also the  financial statement of the Enderby  General Hospital Board for ten  months ending Dec. 31, 1919.  Thie special committee appointed  to examine and report, on the matter of trade licenses recommended  tha.t a license ot $20 a year be imposed on hotels and $15 a year on  r-eatauranitp. The question <ofi enforcing tihe trade licence bylaw  against banking Institutions and  traveling canvassers was also con-  Rldlerod1, without final action being  taken.  The financial comimitt|efe pecctm-  mended payment of the following  accounts;  Okaniagani Saw Mills, Ltd. .$ 87.29  Okanagan Telephone Co. .. 9.50  J. McKay  (wages for May)       57.75  B.  Jones       "    "     "         4C.70  William   WeHs   "    "'  "        8.50  David Whlttet " " ". . ft6.CO  E- A. Robertson "    "    "   . .     16.50  G.  A.  Johnson .'    49.50  Joe  Carefoot           ..     78.38  H. F. Wilraot (Registration fee)   . ...  2.00  A. C. Skaling, balance ot hospital mortgage due K.  ���������������������������Fisher    ������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������   216.00  J. E. Wheeler, premiumr on i'nr  surance   policy             50.00  A. C. Skaling, fegal expenses '2.50  H. M. Walker, celebraltion com-  nrj'lttee    393.65  E. E. Harvey, postage, etc. -15.00  Ctaos.  Dugdale,   wages for  May  Dess medical aid    :.     64.64  Fulton llnrdiWr.ro  Co..  Ud. 1.35  13.. D,  Dil.1           20.00  Ar,t'huT   Keeves         5.SO  City of Ender.by, frontage tax  on   City   Hall  .     20.10  The Walker  P:-ess.  March, April  and  May  printing and  sta-  tiLoneryi    US.00  $1,244.90  J'UKMC HEALTH  Mrs. MacLaiiil.-in, Sco-clary of the  Women's Institutes, Tit Iks to En-  ilerby Women  , llhe Women Voters' League lvaa  the pleasure of -hearing Mrs.., Mac-  Lachlan, Secretory of the Women's  Institutes of B. C, in -the Cily Hall  on Friday last, her speech .dealing  with public heal'.th development was  very, interesting  and  constructive.  The woman's vote has not yet  been 'used In B. C, 'but 'the speaker  asserted that there is little 'doubt  that it is" in .the direction of improvement in fhe healtih and welfare  of humanity, that its first influence  will be ifelt. Mot'lievs* ipensions, maternity benefits, distinct nurses and  health centres willi come in a -few  years and will, materially im-prove  the health of coming generations.  Mrs MacLadhlan spoke particularly of. the health centre at Saanich  started by the local Women's Institute. They employ a district nurse  with most advantageous results to  the .neighborhood. This mirse advises-and looks after- expectant mo-  tbeirs, visits 'all houselioldts w.here  there are contagious:diseases ancl by  her advice is often able to iprevcnt  ���������������������������its spreading Jto. other families. The  health centre is used for -.minor operations' andi scihool dentistry and it  is the duty of the. nurse to be present.   -   --- - ���������������������������    -  Mrs. MacLachlain lifted the curtain of the future in 'her speech and  we saw visions of the improvement  we can have if -we use our vote in-  tel-'iigently and'helpfully." Those Who  heard her went awa> Ceelin'g (inspired "'and' cheered by bhe^certai'if  'development wihteh imu'st come as  ���������������������������men and women increasingly realize  that the -urgent need of building up  an A 1 nation wfiU come through iin-  tellligent care, vigilence and knowledge.  "SE-VR  US >fEX"  ���������������������������Tlilis'is" the urgent call o'f the dry  -belt of the Okan'agan where devel-'  'opment anid construct]! on of every  description is being seriously retarded because of t'he shortage of  lalbor. Men are wanted- ifor government road work. More are needed  for the construction of th'e Canadian  National ibranch from Ham-loops to  Keljowna, and- Hon. T. D. Pa;ttull,o  -jeceiirtly stated that he could use  several .hundred, workers on irrigation projects in the Osoyoos district.  JJJqEo^_the^.city_ resident, this labor  shortage may be news, since Vancouver and Victoria men are culling  for work and delegations have  waited on the gover-n-mient asking for  relief. A visit to the Okanagan is  a revelation. Thousands of acres  of land are awaiting development;  owners being anxious to continue  clearing Only small scattered parties of workers are to be seen on  the grade of t'he Canadian National,  while irrigation iprojects aro sadly  held up ancl everyone seems busy.  (Hre entire -va'ley- ftromi Salmon  Arm on thc north clear through to  the a'liternationul boundary u's a hive  of industry -and so great -is- the task  of -development and- ,yo .p-romfisiing*  are t'ho -markets, it is -simprising to  lin'd suoh a dearth of -help.  lAv'tng condlilions arte splendid.  Wages are 'goodf sind 'transportation  facilities are al,] tival could be expected. Perth a ps nowhere can the  worker secure greater returns and a  wider knowledge would seem all tliat  is necessary to Jn'd,uco seniors and  laborers to come in.  <:.   Carmitiiiiel   lli-lclly   Outlines   Ttc-  tiu-ited   Men's   Demands  Never has the G. W. V. A. held  such a successful convention in this  iprovince as that 'wlhilch. has just concluded its sittings at Fernie, stated  C.CannVichael, president of the Poln1  Grey branch, who stopped in Enderby an- hour or two on Thursday  'afternoorn on his way to Vernon  where he was 'to address a -mass  meeting: that evening. Mr. Carmichael spoke 'O a-ipublic 'meeting in the  Drill Hal:. He is a young man with  a future; a fluent, powerful speaker  and one who hits straight fromi the  shoulder, and diid not mln|ce matters  when speaking- of the government's  attitude in dealing with tbe demands  of the returned -men.  Summing up, li*e sartd that the  federal ministers -attempted to make  a virtue out of what they had been  actually forced to do by delegations  of so'-d'iers 'going to Ottawa and  standin'g over them with a club and  flguratiivaly' cljU|bt$Tijg out) of them  the meagre ' consideration which  had been given.  He accused the Ottawa government of closing its eyes to the real  sources of revenue which were open  to levy in, its efforts to find mo.ney  to pay the war debt���������������������������wiair-made fortunes and the like-^���������������������������-and instead  ���������������������������forcing more and more ot the load  upon: the masses.' Each new, source  of taxation found and, every new  levy, lie said, puts -the screws  tighter, upon the consumers���������������������������Che  working masses who have- to toil  for a day's 'payw  Speaking of the policy of .the association, ihe ipointed out that the  G. W. V. A. had a definite policy in  its constitution which 'made it expedient for its members at ail times  to look after .the interests of soldiers' dependents, disabled men and  veterans and while it -had decided  to) "see-'that tha government gave  fair treatment to these, (it did not  ifccessarily mean . that the "association had entered! the p61itical arena.  Mass meetings are to ibe ne'd by  the association throughout the  .proviince to -place before -the public  the" exact principles-for W[hiclr- the  G. W. V._A. stands, and the rights  which  it asks the government.       -.-  With- regard -o internal affairs of  the -association, it is considered that  ���������������������������by far the most .important action  taken by the convention was the ap-  -p'onftiwent o| zone ireipresentatives  of -the" provincial executive. Each  representative will be -made responsible for the b-.ganization of his own  district to a large degree, and it is  thought thlat ,by this means the association -will be placed!-on -a. perfect  business footing in " the province,  which will lead to greater unity.  . Mr. Canmichlael strongly urged  every veteran to see that his name  is on the voters' list. "If you fail  to attend to this first essential of  citizensh'iip," said he, "don't go complaining of what tfte other fe'llow Is  doing, for he will have done what  you   should   have   done.     The   miao  who   is  too  lazy "to   register  is^t'do  lazy to live."  IVIlili  SAVE THE  WY-rHODUCTS  June,  14.  1920.  W.   Blackburn      * '2-40  R.   C.   Carscm  "' -������������������0  E.   Sorrow  17.00  G. T.  Hughes   ........  5.00  John   Folkard  5.00  STREET   WORK   XKIODED  What does the board of works intend to do with Sicamous street?  The work beUig put on. George  street . is nvost commendable, but  this should not be an excuse for  '.he 1-a'ck <nf -work 'on Sicamous street  where the roa'dway is actually dangerous to traflic. A few hours' woric  ������������������������������������������������������Mb a spWt log drag if the grader  M nol available, would -put the  roadway In fit condition. Ijf we luavo  any pride in tlie town's good xi^iino  Sioa.mous street s'hould have work  .put upon it now. Jts 'condition is  disgraceful.  In order that none of the by-products of the orchards need be wasted  the Okan'agan United Growers have  for some Itlme Mad under consideration, the project of starting a cannery and evaporating plant here.and  this scheme will now be oarnied out  wiithout delay, says- the Vernon  News.  (Mr.; R'. J. McDowall, secretary-  treasurer of the O. U. G., informs  the News that the site of the plant  which will bo located on Pine  street, has been purchased, and it is  ex-peated thnt the contract for the  building will be let in a few days.  Thie factory should be in/ operation  by August, s'a-ys Mr. McDowall, and  for this year will -consist of an evaporator with eight kilns, and a cannery. Only apples will be evaporated  this season, us maefhincry for the  evaporation, of other -fruits is not  available for present delivery. Thlis  season's product will consist, therefore, of canned and evaporated  apples, apple butter, apii^e jelly and  a li muted quantity of apple cider.  The bui'lding, wihlicSh wiilll be about  125 by 14 0 feet in size, will have  over 200 feot of tra'ckagie facilities,  being situated close to t'he railway  on -lots opposite those occupied by  the Oo-opei-atilve Farmers' ware-  house^ Tho nominal caipitail of the  coimpaivy lis plated at $100,000, of  wihich $45,000 wifll be Issued in fully  paid-up stock. This issue of stocK  is confined to the O. U. G., its affiliated 'locals and to growers under  contract 'to them.  NORMAN   M'LEOD   DEAD  Lumberman    Who    Ruilt    the    First  Sawmill  in  Endci-lty  Passes Away  The 'funeral of Mr. Norman Mc-  *Leod, whoso deatih. occurred on June  12 i'n Vancouver, was held on June  15.  l>eceased, who was well known in  British Columbia, was 07 years of  age, having come west in 1885. Before locating in Vancouver, Mr. McLeod owried and 'operatojd several  sawmills in the interior of the province. -Tweailty4tlM'ee years ago, in  partnership with Mr. Smiit'h, the  pioneer lumberman of t'he Val'iley,  Mr. McLeodi e'reeted the first saw-  mlill lin Enddnby, which -was then  ���������������������������ni'an'aged . by our present Mayor,  Fred sBarnes. The mill -burned down  and was followed- iby another, which  was enlarged a,nd- laddedl to 'firom.  time to .time until the -p'resent large  milll  emterged.  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX*  X . ENDERBY  EDGINGS X  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  Good, morning. . Did you have to  he legislated out of bed?  Wm. Wooers purchased/ a Che v.  last week through Jas. McMahon :&  Son.  iVic Poison purchased .the" erfr  universal this week froni Wm.  Wloods.   ,  You oan save considerable money  by paying your 'taxes before, the end  of June. c  iLess'.ie Mackay is able to ib'e  around again' after an illnes from  pneumonia.  The ladies of St. George's W. A.  enjoyed Wednesday afternoon at the  horn's of  Mrs.  E.  Harrop.  The fires were stlarte'd'in the season's first kiln of brick at the Enderby brick and tile yards this week.  'No excuse but laziness for any  man or. woman entitled, to Ithe franchise to ibe .left off t'he next voters'  li������������������t.     - -    - ���������������������������  The Ladies' Aid of the Presbyterian churcjh! enjoyed) 'afternoon! tea  with Mirs. A. h. Fortune at hier home  last Friday. - _        _ ���������������������������  If .you 'haven't registered, see your  postmaster or any comimiissioner appointed to take affidavits under tlie  Elections  Act.  -Henry Love, pioneer cattleman of  the Chilcoten country, died, at Kaim^  loops a few dlays -ago, the result ot  an attack of appendicitis. He was  41 years of ago.  The early apple crop -is said to be  unusually short this season., and it is  reported that a siini'ilar shortage is  noticeable in Jonothans and Winter  Ban'anas south of Vernoni  The -heavy rains of the past week  have performed* wonders 'in the  growth of field and garden crops^���������������������������  and of smiles on farmers'  faces.  Endterby's domestic . science ajiid  manual training classes will hold an  exhibit of their work  on the after-  t  noon of June 18th in, the domestic  science room, Fortune School. Par-  en ts^and^fnend^o^JJ^e^lrildjrenare  invited to attend.  H. O. L. will slump when wages  Call, production increases, freight  rates decrease, demand for luxuries  declines, extravagance ceases, thrift  becomes ,intenser,anu7���������������������������and���������������������������well���������������������������  wihen a DV>t of things pertaining to  a  mlillenniiuim take place.  Auctioneer Hassen has two sales  in one billed for Thursday, June 24.  ���������������������������that of farm implements, live  stock and crops on the Fyall farm  near Grindrod, and tho milking  cows of J. H. Teece, wh'ieh are to  be auctioned at the same place following tlie sale of  the  Fyall  stock.  A copious Shower was -given last  FrKdirvy aifiternooni at the home of  Mns. A. C. Skaling, for Miss Nellie  Tho'rne, wihose marmiage to Mr.  Frank Davis, of Kamloops, is announced, -to take place at thc Knderby hom'e of her sister, Mrs. Jas.  Martin, on  Satu'rday, Juno 19t'h.  Have you registered? You cannot vote in the next election unless  you get your name on the voters'  list 'by the 1 ">th of July. All previous voters' lists have been cancelled. The new Erections Act  m'akes registration the onJy method  by w.hich any voter can have his cr  'her name put upon thc new Voters'  List.  'Carpenters have .be'en busy the  past week rcfloor.ing thc brick block  recently purchased by t'h'e Bank ot  Hamlilton opposite tho Walker Press  block. It is expected the bank will  bo open for regul'ar business early  next week, 'i'n the m-ean time anv  business of an urgent mature is being transacted by the local manager  who has onened a temporary oflice  in the frame building adjoniing.  Little Interest Shown in  Registration by Citizens  Lt.-Col. J. W. Warden, D. S. O.,  late of the 102 Batt., C.E.F., -was in  Enderby on Tuesday seeking to organize a branch of the Moderation  League.  Col. -Warden succeeded in interesting some of the more anoderate-  thinkirig -citizens, and passed on to  Armstrong, intending to go thence  to Vernon for a meeting that night.  He told the Commoner Ith'at in his  travels about the Province -he found  only a small percentage of the  peopfe interested ih. the approaching  vote to :be taken! on tihe^ question of  -prohibition/ and citizens generally,  he said!, are not seeing that their  names are on th'e voters' list. Many  still!* tlh'ink -that because t-htey have  been -on the old voters' -lists their  names will be retained. This mistake, he said, -cannot be too frequently pointed out.Everybody1 must  re-register or Hose th'e franchise, and  anyone whose name is on the new  list after re-registration -and does  not vote, will have the name struck  off. Men and .women entitled to the  franchise must use it or lose it.  - Women"gcnerally are more Indifferent to the matter of registration  than the men, and unless some  united, effort is made, it is doubtful  the 'wom'en registered.  , .With -liegaird to 'the question of  prohibition, Col. Warden said the  Moderation League was endeavoring  to interest all citizen^ In the desirability of -government control of the  liquor traffic as a&ainst any form  of _"bone-dry" legislation!, or such  as we have in the iprovince now.' The  present act, -he said, and aKI similar  acts of this nature, while designed  to stop the sale and consumption of  alcoholic., liquor,   does  neither.   The  KXXXXXXXXKXXXX  X HULLCAR  NOTES X  XX XXXXXX XX XX X X  The dance at fche hall last Friday  night  was  well  attended.  'We are glad to hear that Miss  TayIqr.Js^_back at thie schojoit again  after her -recent illness.       n  'Mr. and Mrs. Gaylord of Bndierby  spent Sunday with, Mr. and Mrs.  Henry- Hill.  On Wednesday night of last week,  Mr. Farris, who lives a few -miles  east 'of the hall-, had the miisfortune  to lose his dwelling wllth all its contents by fire, Mr. Farris beihig absent  at the time. * ,  Miss Jean Lindsay of Armstrong,  Mr. and Mrs. Chas. Parkinson of  Mabel Lake, and Mr. Robert Lindsay, who was successful in passing  hiis exams at the Normal School ln  Victoria, spent Sunday, with Mt. and  Mrs.   DonaI'd cLindsay,   Deep   Creek.  -Last Monday, morning while Mr.  Dave Lawson was working on t'h'e  Deep Creek road;, he -met with a  severe accident. He was thrown off  the road drag, the teanu running  away, and dragging him several hun-  dred^yands-^When-found _by^_Mr._D.  McNair he was lying on the side of  the road unconscious. He was taken  to the home of W,. D. Hiilliardi and  Dr. Van Kleeck was summoned'. Mr.  Law-son was badly cut and bruised,  his reft tiasr being nearly severed,  necessitating eleven stitches. Fortunately,  no  bones  were  broken.  MUST HAVE TRADE LICENSES  Mr. Justico Morrison of the Su-  ipremo Court, Vancouver, mphcld the  ruling of Magistrate Guernsey ot  Penticton', Jn which that (municipality had fined a representative of a  Toronto art firm--for soliciting orders  without first taking out a trader's  license-as is required in many towns.  /Mr. Douglas Armour, K. C, who  -appeared/ for tiie defendants, argued  that the order which had. been received from a Pentioton citizen was  but in' 'neaj'ilty only a permit to ipro-  duco a picture, and that as no actual  exchange of 'goods had taken place,  the representative could not be said  to 'have actually negotiated a sale.  Mr. W. J. McKee, representing the  municipality, upheld tho Penticton  magistrate's decision.  The court ruled that the company's representative was real'.y, soliciting orders for the sale of goods  and therefore would 'be obliged to  take out a license.  This ruling will be received wllth  considerable ilrt'erest in a number of  British Columbia districts where  traveling agents have 'been endeavoring  to  evado   paying   this   license.  present act merely shifts the traffic  from the light of day into the daTk-  ness where the .bootlegger lives and  has his being. The wtod'to traffic has  become surreptitious, but is nevertheless carried on along wiith the additional evils ot adulteration and  profiteerings  Supporters of prohibition/, he sni*4  no doubt looked to see the abolition*  from the country of all kinds of alcohol! ic drinks: They did not forsee  tbat the sudden suppression of the  drink traffic -would' merely dirlve the  evil underground. They did- not consider that people whose habits of  life were :'already set would, deprived of their "accustom'ed stimulant, seek that stimulant elsewhere.  They overlooked the fact that It is  one tilling to place a sweeping reform om t'he statute'book, another to  enforce it. That the act has -failed  to put an end to intemperance Is not  the worst of the case.lt ihas led' to an  alarming increase ,ln the consumption of drugs^���������������������������such as morphine,  cocaine, veTonol, heroin:, methylated  sphiits���������������������������anld bottled essences containing a high percentage of alcohol.  The Moderation League is for  government control of the- Mquor  traffic. This, properly, handled, and':  sanely administered, ' would turn  back to. th'e people hundreds of  thous'amda of dollars annually to 'be  used in the administration of the  affairs of the Province.  This revenue wou'd go a long way  toward relieving the present demand  for 'higher taxation. .     V  The League wants everybody to  get on Che voters' last so as to be  able to have a voice in future legislation- on this important question.  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  X      .     J. MARA  NEWS     , V   .X  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  .It is the intention of Mr. Caver*,  wlio has token'-over/the storeof N.  Pavlos, to open, for business on the  21st inst. V  - \Mfats '-Mutrie   spent  the -week-end'  vl������������������itlng fiends at GTlndrod. ��������������������������� "V  Miss Cutter spent the day on Wednesday of last week with 'her parents  here, "returning to Sicamous in the  evening* -  Mr. and Mrs. Gretton held service  in Grnidrod on Sunday. '  Mrs. Collinson and daughter were  ptassenlgers to Enderby last week.'  o  Mrs. Rain is visiting friends''here  for a few days on. ber way to ibe  East."  D.   F.   Imes  was convlotedi of en  assault    on  , Mrs.    Dominic    before-  Messrs.  Owen and Bentaett, J.  JV#,  on Monday, and fined $5 and-coats.  Mrs. and MUs Robinson were visiting Mara on Saturday.  iThe hefcivy showers have greatly  improved the prospects for a good  crop.  ���������������������������The cutworms have played great  havoc in many of the gamllens -here.  ��������������������������� -A  '��������������������������������������������������������������������������������� **l  -:������������������tl  Cr.6 -  UNREST AMONG TUP FARMfWS  ��������������������������� .There ia unrest among -the fanners  Of our Country just as Uhere is unrest -among nearly every other class  ���������������������������a striving for some indefinite objective whicb we have teT,med "a  aquare deal." Canada is not alone in  this. Just across the .boundary our  neighbor, the America.n - .farmer, !���������������������������  lino up in arms. His attitude -is  snmimed up by. Charles F. Barrett,  president of the National Farmer*'  Union.  "It would 'be very pleasant to say  that all >ls well with agriculture and  that in the farmer's mSnd there 1s  nO ddscontent; jiothing left to be de-  si-ed," said Mr. Barrett. "The facts  are that the farmer is not content  nor  satisfied."  -The Und'ted States .post oflice department sent out questionnaires to  the farmers throughout the country. "The replies of the farmers,"  ������������������alid Mr. Barrett, "reveal deep dissatisfaction with the treatment that  h'as been accorded agriculture and  resentment at the wide spread between prices received- by the farmers  and those palid by consumers, a feeling of insecurity in the ability to  secure labor, or to hold even the  boys and! girls on the farms in competition wiith the alluring scale of  wages offered in industry and commerce off thc farms. The farmers,  at least the organized farmers, from  now on will pool thonr efforts, in exploring what in the p'ast has 'been  forbidden ground."  Every dreamer expects to accomplish something when he  wakes up.        _ ,  /S  A  largo part of one of Finland's  iron ore fields lies under the s������������������a.   -, OKANAGAN  COMMONER  ������������������liattacjau -Commoner  In whictris merited TheEoderby Preag and "Walker'a \Voe1tly   PubllahoJJTeviryThurdday at Enderby, B.C.,  by The Wnlkor Pru-ss, at  Iieryear: tl.OOsix months.  H. M.   WALKER  THURSDAY,  JUNK   17,   1920  Printerdom in Peril  A meetirig of the Okanagan Press Ciuild svas  held in "Vernon..last, week. Tiie membership oi  this organization consists of llie employing  printers'of the Okanagan. H i.s tlie pioneer district printers' guild of" Canada. Since its .organization twelve or more years ago the printers and  publishers of olher districts in the Dominion  Jiave organized in a similar way. The object ol"  this organization is lo encourage its members  lo sludv the ins and outs ol' their business so as  to bring about more intelligent action and greater  ellieicncy in the handling ol" all matters all'ecling  printerdom.  The achievements of the Okanagan Press (.uild  havc not been published. They have nof been  advertised. Bul this Guild is recognized Ihrotig-  out printerdom in Canada as the first distnc'  organization ol* its kind in the Dominion.  At the meeting last week in Vernon the Guild  was honored bv'having al the-meeling Mr. Conrad, a'representative ol' the United Typolhctae ol  6 America, recognized as the greatest, mosl-lar-  reachina and successful organization ol' employing pri (Hers in the world. Throughout the American continent the Typothetae is expanding and  soon we shall see printerdom in Canada and the  United States linked up under this excellent organization. The objects of the United Typolhctae  arc manifold, but the prime object is to elevate  the printing and publishing business and make  of it a profession par excellence. To do this, it  is recognized that thc first step is lo bring about  the greatest degree of ellieicncy. Today men in  the publishing "business who will not make any  eli'ort to advance themselves or to raise lhc standard ol' printerdom are being gradually forced  to the wall, and it is estimated that within thc  next year or two hundreds now engaged in  printing and publishing will go under. The costs  of production and everything embraced in lhe  printing-profession are so enormous and the advance so continuous, that men nol thoroughly  eflicient in their" work and in tlie handling of  business, cannot hope to "stand up under lhc  strain.  Let us cfiiote by way of illluslralion somc of  the commonest advances: Wc have before us  the price lists of a wholesale paper house in Vancouver. In 15)14 newsprint was quoted at' 4'/>  cents a pound, in large quantities 3 cents; in 1917  the quotations were G^ cents and 5 cents; in  15)20 a newsprint not so good as lhal of old is  quoted at 11 !/-J> cents. Colored poster paper which  Dr. Hobertson, apart from being one of Canada's outstanding authorities on agricultural  questions, has during the pasl couple, of years enjoyed excellent' facilities' for studying lhe food  situation in Kuropc. Mis conclusions will, therefore, be based on first-hand information, and,  knowing Ihe man. we have no'hesitation in staling thai, if they err.-it will certainly, be on the  conservative side. We would almost go so fains lo sav lhat we should prefer his judgment on  this particular subject lo lhal of any other living  man. -  The following i.s a brief ..extract from his" "evidence, as reported by the Associated Press, which  speaks I'or itself:  "Tanners Ihroughoul Canada will continue lo  gel good prices for Iheir products during lhe nexl  Iwo" years, so let us go lo il and produce every  bushel of grain and every pound of produce we  can.  "���������������������������It will lake al leapt Iwo big crops lo catch tip  lo anvlhiiiir like normal supplies of breads I nil's, j  ten"*years lo atlain a pre-war slatus on milk products and four or five years for beef product's.  ''Dr. Hoberlson went al length inlo his experience overseas, reiterating his statements that  prices were dependent entirely upon world conditions. Increased production in Canada would  nol lower prices because of continued abnormal  emand.  "Dr. Robertson made an urgent plea I'or economy in Canadian homes. People must produce,  more and spend less. Canada's Jinancial burden  from the war was $2,000,000,000 and -would  menn'P-3*100 per family annually-for many ycars  lo come."  We feel sure thai the above Avill be reassuring  information for our readers. We may apparently  look forward lo satisfactory grain prices tor al  least iwo more crop years. "Sufiicicnt for lhc  day is the evil thereof." We musl hope for the  best afler that.���������������������������Farm and Ranch Review.  ?m  Tidal Gifts in  Sterling* ������������������ Silver Plate  THURSDAY,  JUNE  17.  1920  NOTICE OF. S A LB  m  m  S  U  G  G  E i  S |  Tl  I  \G*t  TLA SETS  CASSEROLES  ErtTREE DISHES  PIE PMTES (Pyrex)  QAKltiG DISHES,  Etc,  r-\ \Complete stock of Community, yldam,  jT. |      Patrician & Monroe Patterns.  C   \ Take advantage of present opportunities as prices  *"--'   ) are likely to advance.  C. J. WHITEN  Pursuant to the order of the Honorable the Chief Justice ot" British  OoJuimbua, made on Ithe 31st day of  May, 1920, tenders will be received  by me up to amd jn-.cUulir.ig the 30th  of June, 1920, for tihe 'purchase of  the fol'lowdng property, belonging to  H. G. Davies, a nifesiing .-person, wiith-  Lu the meaning of the Ou-rat-drs' Act.  1.     One Ford automobile,  ���������������������������2.    One motor btfat'aoiul engine,  3. Miscellaiveous lot of household effects,  4. Miscellaneous lot of office furniture, ������������������������������������������������������  .  < -  5,. Lot 4, Map 147:1, 'being a subdivision or i>ar,L of Section 22, Township 20, Range S, West of the Oth  Meridian, situate at Mara Luke, II.  C,  con't-aining   10.23  acres,  ���������������������������Fractional Lot 7 -and Lot S, Map  14S2, being a subdivision (pf part of  the southeast quarter of Section 21.  Township 3S, Osoyoos Division or  Vale -District, containing 12.(1;**;  acres, im-ore or loss, situate on -ihe  BnidcPby-SailTivon- Arm road', about 2  miles from  Enderby.  For 'further particulars apply io  Graham Rosonuin, Esq., City Hall,  Enderby, or to the uudersi'gne,;!.  The -lowest or any tender not  necessarily accented. 0  -Dated' at Enderbv-, B. C, this 9fh  clay, of June,  19 20.  ���������������������������A.   C.   SKALING  Solicitor ifor Graham Rosoman,  Esq., Curator of the Estate of the  eaid H. G. Davies, Ender.by, 13. C.  Will Prosecute Profiteers  Ihc  used t'o sell at a cent or two higher than while  news, is today quoted at 19 cents a pound. Book  papers tliat used to sell al 8 cents and i) cents a  pound'arc now quoted at 25 een<s*and 20 cents a.  pound. "Flat" papers lhat used.to sell al I) cents  and 12 cents are now quoted al.30 cents and 31  cents. Bond papers [hat used to yell "aI from 9  cents to 25 cents are now. quoted al Irom 30 cents  to 88 cents a pound. Type metals and machinery  have trebled in price; numbering machines have  jumped Irom $5 lo $30 apiece.  We could go on ad finem. but it is nol necessary. The representative of the United Typolhctae pom ted to the peril to printerdom ol' inefficiency and lack ol" knowledge and co-operation  ���������������������������co-opera lion between employing printers., and  Letween employing printers and lhe public. The  printer could not live and prosper, he said, under  a margin of 25% profit; and yet hundreds of offices ihroughoul lhe counlry are existing wilh  their bellies t'o Ihe. ground on a margin of 2'/(  and (5'/', and others al an actual loss.  What is lhc solution? you ask.   This: we must  The firs I '"'sugar judgment"' of lhc Board of  Commerce -since its abropated control of this  commmodily on. February 2(5, -was issued lasl  week al Ottawa. While dealing specifically with  a comnlaint of J. (laic of Ottawa^,, againsl the  firm of Ourocher & Gosselin, general merchants  ef Faslview, the board declared that there had  been profiteering in sugar of. a flagrant character,  wliich has not been confined to those involved in  this ma Iter.  The. board's qucslionairrc system, which extends Ihroughoul Canada, and whereby niany  thousands of traders report their costs and  prices, discloses undoubted and indefensible pro-  fileering in sugar by wholesalers and retailers  alike, says thc judgment, and il goes on to stale  lhal lhere has arisen a new profiteer���������������������������the pure  specula lor���������������������������who purehoses second-hand from  wholesalers and retailers alike, and Ihen resells  at relatively enormous profit's,-tKc consumers ultimately sull'cring.  The board is determined to put a stop to the  practices mentioned, says the judgment, and il  invokes, because it needs, the assistance of the  various attorney-generals of Ihe provinces, i'or  thc information of. and as a warning'lo all those  who arc engaged in profileccring. The board  siales that il proposes lo recommend the prosecution criminally of every firm and trader whose  profits seem to be unfair or Avhose prices seem  lo he unjust or unreasonable, ll is proposed lo  hold sugar investigations al Toronto and elsewhere in its campaign against profiteering.  McClary's  Sufco  Sunshine  Furnace  Your    homc    healed  plan for $300 to  Ask   for  have your  Haying  Screen doors and windows  Ice   cream   freezers.  We   can  want in the  When you want the Best  Meats and Service, go to  Wholesale  nncl   Retail   Butcher  Enderby, B. C.  A.F.&A.M1  Enderby   Lcxlse     No.' 40  Regular     mectinss     first,  Thursday on or .-ifter" the  full moon nt 8 p. m. in Mn-  vonic    Hall. Visiting *  brethren cordially invited  -Plumbing  Heating  ENPEH&Y,PC.  Tinsmithing  More' Profit From  Fewer Cows  live and let Jive; but wc must live. We musl  give lhe greatest amount of service for the least  cost in overhead.    Old-prices must be forgotten  and  new  established;  old  traditions  prices csiaonsneci; old iraditions inns!  bc scrapped; old thoughts, old, ideas, old customs,  old practices must be lorn down and new ones  built up.  The employing printers of the Okanagan have  a task before them. For your- good, for Iheir  good, for Ihe good of the community. Ihey musl  establish lhejmu^-e>vjjn^i.^ound������������������l^  **-^rn iis'l^ttTinfThe public into their confidence: Ihey  must study costs so as lo hc able lo give printing  service lo Iheir customers al the lowest price and  at the same time lo make the work profitable.  It will be lo the advantage of every user of  ���������������������������printed stationery to go closely inlo the mailer  with the homo printer so a.s to reduce llie cosls  bv culling oul the unnecessarv��������������������������� lhe non-essential.  Prices  for  Agricultural  Products  It  i.s safe  to say  lhal  no  class ol*  producer in  lhe. world today is viewing lhe fulurc wiih grealer apprehension   than   Ihe fanner.     Cosl   of production    has    increased    enormously���������������������������labor    lhe  chief item,  is expensive and  inellicienl ���������������������������and  liie  farmer knows lhal  when  Ihe period of readjustment comes, he is in the class which will occupy  the front trenches and bear the brunt of the attack.    The prices of his products will be (he first  to yield and  his  will  be  Ihe  lask  of solving  llie;  problem of how to carry on  until such  lime as j  the  general   readjustmen!   has   brought   his   cosl  down' to a basis nearly commensurate wilh   the  lower selling price.    In'thc meanwhile he will he  making the struggle'of his life, for survival.  It is therefore ol' vast importance I'or t'he average farmer to forecast lhe tn nd of prices in lhe  immediate future a.s far a.s possible, lie must  do so in order lo determine his busienss policy  and lo fortify himself for the days of depression  and lower prices. The editorial skill' of the,"He-  view" is continually scanning llu; horizon so as  to give, the note of warning lo its readers as soon  as the ominous clouds appear, indicating the  breaking of our economic storm. Under tlie cir-  cumslanmes, every farmer v'n Canada will be  deeply i nleresl ed in lhe recent evidence before a  parliamentary commit lee of Or. .lames Robertson on the price outlook for agricultural pro-!  duels. '       I  An in lores I big slory is lold of a"-Saskatchewon  farmer who owned a  herd of 1-1 milking cows.  He  decided   lo   lesl  them  and   thc result of  his  careful   invesligalions in   this  line was  absolute  viroof lhal 10 of the cows were not paying tlicit  WScA bill.   Of course he disponed of Ihesc expensive animals al once and secured some real milk  producers lo take Iheir plaees; bul���������������������������here is lhe  mosl in lores I ing  part of  the whole story���������������������������only  live cows  were required  fo replace thc 10 poor  ones, for they gave more milk than the 10.    We  may   well   credit   this   farmer wilh   amazement.  chagrin  and   thankfulness  a.s   the Jrujh���������������������������dawncjj.  ojiJu-nuconcerningHiis^pasi^Tip^ralions wilh cows  and  whal   lhe  future  might  hold   for  him.     Yel  lhere are. doubtless, many farmers still uselessly  carrying lhe same burden of unprofitable investment and  labor under which  this man struggled  so long, and like him. in ignorance of iheir'mistake.    II i.s I'or such men lhal wc arc repealing  Ihis slory lhal has come lo us.    Any man owning  cows, lhe production of each one o'f which is nol  known   lo   him   in   weight   and   fat   percentage,  should road il and take its warning to heart.    A  cow lhal  does not  produce  milk  eTiough  lo  pav  for her 1\'l-(\ should  be filled  for  lhe butcher a't  once.  Summer Un4erww  FOR MEN ANP POYS  You will find our stock complete in every detail, an4 onr goods th*p  most dependable for summer wear,   ket us show you.  A. REEVES  W.M;  C. H. REEVES  Srcrf'tiirv  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35, K. of Pr  yM&$  ���������������������������    Meets 1st A 3id Monday eve  1      In Masonic Hall.    Viaitoracor-  dially in vital to attend.  ^<JSj5g*������������������  WM. ANDERSOM. C. C  H. M. WALKER. K. R. S  - R. J. COLTART. M.F.  Gents' Finn  ishings Five ifoses f|o������������������r  Groceries  EUREKA LO.PGE NO 50  j. o. o. r.   ;  Meets every Tuesday evening at 8  o'clock. Visitiag brothers-cordially  invited,  W.  p.  Pt'NCAN,  N.G.  P. K. Glen, V. G.  H- A. Teece. Sec.  Jt will pay yow to  inspect tfte new moqe}  COMI0J X _-\ XJ> SK1^'AjyiJJ)a������������������^t04tP-CAl"tS,^A-^eAHIM������������������A"*P=^*VIXG  ="" ^^ .ItST UKHX ������������������PCEKVE*P  Hero .-ist.- some u������������������' Use new  features of this every popular car:  One-iuan Top���������������������������Double rain-vIsiDii Ventilating Windshield���������������������������Snap  Curtains in scnions���������������������������Demountable Uims, spare rim and carrier���������������������������  Timlcen Rollor-beai-ings in 'front wli els���������������������������Heavy Upholstering1���������������������������deeper  Bea,t,s���������������������������JClcctric Startar anid Instrument Board���������������������������Electric Headlights  from  storage battery.  J*KICK,   ."SJHIS.OO   f.o.b.  Kiirterby  A  C'SKAWWG, P. A.  jparrister, Solicitor,  Notary Jpublic.  INSURANCE  '  Bpt,p Pwc. Enderby, B.C.  FwffliJEfflLSalft.  ���������������������������=^J~\tSv0 several good hay and stock  anches   for sale,   from   130   to   330  acres each. Apply for prices and  eras.  fb G. HQJIKE  Pox 171 Enderby  HANP'S GARAGJS  ������������������JNP������������������J\PY|BEAJ,  I3STAT&   INSURANCE  Whore Jianks Help Agriculture  l>;inl<s  in 11 ic  ll! (lie province ol Bnlish CohimUin Hit  musl ol' necessily pljiy nn important purl  development  ol'  lhe  lijisic  induslry.  II i.s rncoiiniyinH lo note llinl ;tl Mission uiul  olher British Golnmhhi l';iirs C.-inndinii luniks';ire.  sleppinif in nnd donating prizes lb eneourntfo the  good work in cerlain livestock events.  In lhis connection il is inlereslin.Lf lo read of  lhe oH'orls of certain Uniled Stales hanks in lhe  hit;' work ol' huildiiiir up agricultural work.  "Better hulls, bucks and boars, build bitter  bank balances," says Ihe rirsl National Bank ol*  Bend. Oregon, To prove il the.v bought an .$800  Hambouillet buck and 71 pure bred jiambouillcl  ewes to distribute nmong sheepmen in Central  Oregon���������������������������Ihc first" pure bred sheep in Deschules  countv.  No less than seventeen ariel taxieab companies  are bei/iij; formed iu western Canada and a number of these have been licensed bv the Air Board.  Six routes I'or Iranseonlinenlal flight have ho"i>  cslablished. Many companies have been formed,  one al Medina, one al Moose Jaw, Iwo in SasV  loon, (wo at I'JJdmonlon. one al Hanna, Alta.. one  at Calvary, one al LclhhridL>'c, two at Banll' au-.J  one al Vancouver.  Ford Dealer and Repair*.  The Tire  poctors  AVe are open to buy a Metal Turning Lathe and. a Drill Press. Our  Cycle Repair 'Department wants  500  old'  Bicycles,  any <Sondation'.  Armstrong Vulcanizing Work*  GENEHAl, AGJ3NT  3c������������������ Block Enderby  KING EDWARD  jr.  v'v. \ry  ** j* -l - V ,  A. name that stands for the best in hotel service  s "dward Hotel     ������������������ h^urphy      Enderby  needi oif >a choice cut  mfia't o'f any kind, give us a call. A  full assortment of fresh, smoked and  sall/t meats on Ivand. Ailso lard. Green  vegetables   fresh,   every   day.  ���������������������������SVeS'h.  Fis*h  for Friday.  for   and   ipro'mip  Orders   called  delivered from1  THE CASH MEAT MARKET  Phone  C3  .OsSX  ibe for the Commoner: $2 a year  Palace Livery  Ed, Sparrow, Prop.  Vernon Road  Enderby  \  A &  THURSDAY,  JUNE  17,   19 20  OKANAGAN  COMMONER  SALE BY  Aucti  ion  'THE   OXE   WORD���������������������������SERVICE'  Premier    Oliver    S|>eaks    in     Lofty  Tei-nig of a Truer Standard of Living  Live Stock, Far in Implements, Crop, Etc.  I am instructed by Mr. A. Fyall to sell by Public Auction  at his ranch, one mile east of Grindrod, on  Thursday, June 24th, 1920, at 1.30 p.m.  Grade Holstein Cow, 3 years old, in full milk, and bred  Grade Ayrshire Cow, 4 years old, in full milk, and bred  Grade Holstein Cow, 4 years old, in full milk, and bred  Grade Holstein Heifer, 1 year old. <=  Grade Holstein Calf, 9 weeks old.  Grade Shorthorn Heifer, 9 months old  Dates of bred cows will be given at time of Sale  3 year old Bay Mare, 1,250 lbs  11 year old Bay Mare, 1,300 lbs  fi year old Bay Mare, 1,100" lbs  2 year old Gelding  2 year old Gelding  2 Store Pigs  Oliver 12-inch Plow  Massey-Harris Mower  Wagon  Top Buggy  Cutter  Set Single Harness  Set Double Driving Harness  Two Saddles  Orchard Disk (10)  20 Hens  35 Chickens  Cream Can  "MolVe't" (5-hoIe Range  (almost, new)  "American"  Cream  Separator No. 12  At thc same time I will offer in lots the standing crop which is  approximately a  follows���������������������������       10 acres timothy and clover hay  3 acres fall wheat 1 acre fall rye  (i acres oats 1 acre peas and oats  l/4 acre garden peas      ."* 3A acre field peas  I am instructed by Mr. J. II. Teccc,to sell at close of Mr. A.  Fvilli's Sale, one mile east of Grindrod, on Thursday, June  24, 1920:  1 Registered Holstein Bull, "Braefoot  Koyondykc   Segis,"   No.,  29793, born June 4, 191(5.   This bull is from  the  well known  stock of the Hon. S. F. Tolmie.  1 Grade Holslein Cow, 4 ycars old, in full milk.  1 Grade Holstein Cow, 3 years old, in.full milk and due to calve  on October (>.  <���������������������������: 4-^:  V  I  1 Grade Ayrshire Cow 6 years old, iii full milk, due to calve  October 16.  1 Grade Shorthorn Cow 9 years eld, due tov calve 13th August.  1 Grade Red Poll Cow 6 years old, in full niilk.  1 Grade Jersey Cow, 3 ycars old, in full milk.  1 Grade Holstein Heifer, 2 years old, due to calve 1st October.  2 Grade.Holstein Heifers; coining 2 years old. ,  "  7 Yorkshire pigs, 3 months old.  Parlies wanting good stock should Jplan to attend this sale.  Mr. Teece is selling all his cattle but one .cow, owing to shortage-of help. Stock is being piit up at Mr. Fyall's sale for thc  convenience of the purchasing public. '. "     '\ ���������������������������  Soldier settlers having a credit with;.the S. S. B. can purchase  on requisition."  MAT WASSPN, AUCTION^PH  TERMS'CASH       ARMSTRONG  "Hoy many of our 'men who have  acquired their millions an'd have  made what the world1* calls a success  of life, have really attained success?  How 'many of them have devoted  Iheir lives to" the service of theim  fellowimen? Gentlemen, I tell you  that tlie standard is wrong. -We nnust  manufacture something different.  We must adopt a truer standard by  which to measure up It'he lives "of  men and women. That standard' is  embraced   in.   one   word���������������������������service."  It was after Premier John Oliver,  who was the chief speaker at the  luncheon of the BoaTd of Trade in  honor of the Canadian Manufacturers' Association at Vancouver, had  delved deeply into the question' of  the resources of British. Columbia  ana. industrial iprog-ress in general  that he turned abruptly to another  phase of injdus*trial life. He sounded-  a note of warning- which -pang clear  and.itrue in' connection with the industrial unrest which, is prevalent  today, imiak-ing very emphatically the  point <that unless the human element  was given earnest consideration,  that, just as the ipenduluni' of the  clock could swing too far and, destroy the whole mechanism, so the  spirit of unlrest, unless curbed,  ���������������������������might react and' overthrow the great  industrial life of the counlbry.  BE GLAD \VE ARE CAXADIAXS  TJfE ENPJPPBY JRARPWAJtfl CO.  Has a (joocj l^ine of- ���������������������������  *"  Cvezm Separators ap4 Churns  ]  No." 12  De La vail at $125.00;  500   b. capacity. .: ~*|l������������������]il  1 No. C Viking at $100;   COO  lb.  capacity. j^-^������������������  1 No. B Viking at $80;  350 lb. capacity.  1 No. A Viking at $60.00;  200 lb.   apacity. ...  These machines  have been  well   ried-and   are   giving   good   satisfaction. We also -have .two second-hand machines^  ]   Magnet;   4 00  lb.  caipacity, cash  .��������������������������� ��������������������������� . . ' "iTOo.OO  1 Magnet, 400  lb. capacity;  good  as new,   cash     $50.00  .1   Second-hand  Butter  Worker   ....;..-     $5.00  Revolving JJiiire!  Cluii'iis���������������������������  No.    3   '      $11.00  No.    2 ....-..���������������������������     $13.00  No.    3  .      $15.00  J   good   12-inch   Plow   with   D   End Coulter     $36.00  Leave your orders for Mower Repairs.  Headquarters   for   Bicycle   Repairing . "'���������������������������-r'  1>oes the J)o<*  Know  |t? ,     An   earlier   start   is   necessary   if  /The  Frenchman'  clid .not   like the  Knderby is ito make next year's eel-  look of tlie barkiwg dog barring his conation of Empire Day 'tihe big suc-  ^way. cess it on glut to be.   'Why molt start  "it's   all   right,"   said   tho   host,, now?  "don't yiou  know the proverb "bark- *       -  ling dogs never bite?" A widow always tries to con-  "Ah, yes," said the Frenchman, "I sole herself wilh the belief that  (Know zo p-ovcrb, you know ze pro- si,c can'i do any worse next  [verb, but does he know ze iprovcrb?"' lime.  We are asked for Increased (production. This does not mean for the  individual 'more work or., harder  work, .but it does mean more efficient work and a new attitude toward -work, a desire to make every  stroke tell to the utmost. In a word  it means willing, irajtostaking and  well-directed effort, backed by capital and' guided! 'by. science, to 'bring  our, acres to the fullest fertility, to  build up and, utilize, adequate1^ our  forest resources, our fisheries and  our mines, to develop and co-ordinate our transportation systems, to  develop our water-powers advantageously; 'and! to distribute widely the  resulting power, to check reckless  waste and encourage the effective  use of all our resources, to the end  that we may establish -better and  more satisfying types of rural life.  ���������������������������The waste of. lumber is deploraible.  Take pine; the value of resin, tui-  penfbine, ethyl alcohol, pine tar and  charcoal lost in this waste", represents three or four times the" value  of the lumber produced*, but, great  as is this waste,41 is modest as compared with our colossal fire waste.  We have ibeen prodigal', wasters,  reckless destroyers, mere 'Skimmers  of cream1, If we are to meet our national needs, and build u.p sanely  our superstructure on safe foundations, we :m,ust change the policy  which, has guided us hi.the past. We  must bring to the solution of peace  problems the unity and cohesive  power developed throughout the  war,. Let us be a nation of builders,  creator^ and distributors. Let us  be proud of our country.. Let us  be glad we a-re Canadians and let us  stand for Canadian* 'institutions; Let  us' have a little more patience, a  little more charity for all, a little  more devotion, less bowing down to  the past and more looking forward  to-the^future^w^fe^^Cairad'a-^will^lJ^  ripe for a great burst of life and  light*���������������������������S. F. Gi!ass, M. P., in House  of Commons, Manch 24, 1920.  XXXXXXXXX X,X X X X X X  X IJASEIJAMj   WHIRLS X  X       (By   one   or   'the   Players)       X  sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr sr  #% *% Js  ������������������ Js  #* ������������������* 5S ������������������ 4* #% is  #^ ������������������* #* ������������������* j*  I hadn't been very long in Enderby last week-end w'hen I was accosted, in- Chis fashion: "Siy, Tom,  what's the baseball dope now?"  Here is my answer:  'First, let me apologise for my signature above, sin't-e we're out of the  running now. Tlie baseball dope at  present doesn't look too brilliant.  Enderby, for years in the past the  most consistent baseball 'tow'ii in the  Okatnagan,'"(bias at last been compelled to forfeit. Excuses are poor  'business, but read this.  Lome Landon, our oiii'iy ipraetic'ed  catcher, left us last year to attend  the University. All right for Lome  ���������������������������but tough for us.  Willie Jones, last year's loading  pitcher, wemt ito Merritt, leaving u-s  in an awful mess. The loss o.f our  battery was tod enough, but it'hat is  not the end.  George Jones also went to Merritt  and gave us the task oif finding a  new first baseman., not by any means  an easy task, though Gordon, Duncan  made a good showing.  Douglas Dow was anotoher delinquent, leaving the keystone sack for  the 'pleasures of schoo;! teaching.  Patterson gladdened' our hearts  last winter iby -coming to'Enderby,  then he went back to Kelowna in  time to worry Vernon on1 May 24.  These 'places ih'ad to be fil'led wti.th  substitutes, 'most of whom have been  out of the game for som'e time; consequently Enderbyi came to the conclusion th'at in jiustdce to .herself  and to the league, i't was better to  drop out for the season and' develop  new talent.  Armstrong's chances of even making interesting lights are weak and  should they become discouraged  they 'Will likely drop out, leaving  only Vernoni and KeJowma; and .in  that case 'interest will slacken and  the league wii'A be 'gone for another  season.  So, you see, the basebaill dope is  .somewhat pessimistic- Which' m'eans  th'at it's uip to the players to (practice  aiid the rest to encourage.   '. .  -,  AXIMATj DISEASES ERADICATION  SUMftiOIVEK. _   PRODUCTION  MANITOBA  IN  ���������������������������At a meeting held in Toronto on  Thursday, May 27th, the final steps  were taken in the organization of a  body to be kn'own as the "Animal  Diseases Eradication. Boardi." As its  name implies, thus Board has for its  object t'he formulation 'and carrying  out of plans for controlling livestock  diseases in Canada, it being the intention to pay particular attention  at this time to tuberculosis of live  stock, a disease which contributes  to a greater extent than- is generally  recognized, to the spread o-i tuberculosis in human beings, 'besides  causing enormous economic waste  of food products by reason of condemning, as nufit for human food,  carcases or 'portions of carcases, of  tuberculous -animals.  The Hoard is composed of twelve  meniibers,'four from the livestock associations, four from the meat 'packers, and-four'from- the Federal De-  pa'rliment oif Agiticulture, and Uie  "headqu'arters of the Board -will be  at Ottawa. Co-operation wjBh .'provincial'' governments,., railways,  ���������������������������banlks, press and, public health  bodies  will  be sought.  At tlie Toronto meeting, an Executive Connmlittee of three inwimfters  was appointed, one .from each of  the" interests repesented, to -consider and make recommendations to  the -full Board with reference to the  details of a" plan of campaign for  controlling this disease most effectively, the broadi outlines of- the plan  Waving- beten; agreed upon 'by the  Board. These details will deal with  the methods of obtaining tlhe necessary funds for the work, the .executive olrganizati'on, the areas to ,be  covered, the. methods,'by which the  work can best be carried on and- the  a'dimii'ni strati on of any ifiund that may  be established for the purpose.'  The objects in view will involve  hearty co-o>������������������eration between the live  stock men1, the ipackens, the federal  and provincial Departments of Agri-.  cultu.re and the solid backing of all  interested' in the-disease from .the  tiui'nvainl as well 'as the live stock  standpoint.  dicated that there are good reasons  to believe that tliis co-operation will  be secured." ��������������������������� The 'plans are necessarily tentative but a great deal of progress Mis already been made, and.  after the representatives of the  groups Wave had an opportunity to  consult the executives and membership of the various associations it is  expected that a full iplan' will be developed   and   details   anrounced.  Golden Moment Now  - Shake a barrel of apples and  sound ones will come to the top.  And in this great industrial  shake-iip the man of right heart  and/ keen mind will find his  chance. He who has not succeeded as well as he would have  liked has now. less cause than  ever for the cavil of discontent  or resistance to theradvance of  industrial peace and progress.  Now is his golden moment, to  apply heart, .brain and muscle  to the best,opportunity, to hand.  ���������������������������Charles Grant Miller, in the  Christian -Herald.  "You  moist give up coffee and-*���������������������������'*  "I never drmk  it, doctor."    - *���������������������������  "Amd stop smoking."  "I doji't smoke."  "Humph1!  that's bad. ��������������������������� If you have  nothing   to   give   uip,   I'm.afraid   I  The perliminary meetings have in- can't  do -much  for  you."  The numerous. experiments1 in the  feeding of sunflower * silage in the  Canadian west seems to indicate that  this plant is at,least cquad to corn  for ensilage 'production. Last year  on the MianitOba Agricultural College .farm sunflowers gave .a yield  considerably, heavier than- corn, and  gave indication of being less affected  by frost. The method of iprodiucing  this 'crop is as follows:  (Prepare the 'ground .the same as  for corn and use the Russian, Giani  sunflower.  .Plant between the 1st and 24,th of  May in continuous tows, 36 inches  apart. This can bo done with either  a corn planter or grain  drill.  Pitt the.seed on 10 wounds per  acre, ~or about six inches apart in  the row and cover  1 %   inches deep.  Pack and harrow a.fter plant)nig.  o Cultivate with a potato scuffler or  com cultivator as often as necessary  to keep down the  weeds.  (Harvest when the seed is im the  dough stage and ensile the same day  as cut. , o  Customs Collections  Canadian customs figures for April,  1920, show an increase of over $60,-  000,000 over the corresponding period last year.  3:  IN ORDER TO VOTE ON THE FORTHCOMING PROHIBITION PLEBISCITE ANP IN* PROVINCIAL OR POMINION GENERAL ELECTIONS  YOU MUST REGISTER  ALL PREVIOUS LISTS OF VOTERS HAVE BEEN CANCELLEP.     THE FACT THAT YOUR  IAME WAS ON THE LiST LAST YEAR POES NOT COUNT.      NEITHER CAN YOU VOTE  |\S A PROPERTY OWNER WITHOUT REGISTERING..  Make Your Declaration NOW!  BEFORE THE REGISTRAR OR AN ELECTION COMMISSIONER, POSTMASTER, JUSTICE  ���������������������������>.!.  7 TIE PEACE, MAGISTRATE, CONSTABLE OR BEFORE OFFICIALS  AT ANY   Gi;VMR"iv  VEVT OFFICE.  Registration closes on July Fifteenth next  REGISTER TO-DAY  BY ORBER PROVINCIAL SECRETARY  All There  ���������������������������A little girl traveling in a sleeping car with her parents greatly objected to heing put in, tho upper  berth. Sho was assured tliat papa,  mama and God woulld watch over  her. Finally she was settled in her  berth, and the passengers were quiet  for tlie night, when a small voice  piped:  "Mama:"  "Yes, dear." c  "Vou  here?"  "Yes, I'm  here. Xow go to sleep."  "Papa, you here?"  "Yes, I'm  here.    Oo to sleep."  This continued at intervals for  some tiinie, until a fei'low passenger  lost  patience, and  called:  "We're all here. Your father and  mother ancl brothers and sisters ami  uncles and aunts and first cousins.  All  here!     Now go to sleep!"  There was a brief pause after this  explosion. Then the tiny voice piped  out softly:  "Marnia!"  "Well?"  "Was that God?"  Crop Outlook  Ui-inlit  Jn   presenting  ids  second   crop   report   under   date   of   .Juno   Sbh,   .the  Manitoba Free Press announces that  ���������������������������it indicates about the 'best condition  of crops since  3 904, when: these re-  iports   began',   with   the  possible  ex-  iftiiU^u -.'���������������������������' 19] 2. when the June crop  ���������������������������--"i\r... ������������������������������������������������������ were as. nearly 'perfect as'  iii ..-. f.w.-.fc.ibie to hope for.    The pros-'  I cut  rinijf-, is- much   more -en con rag-j  j'li,-;   i.ii'ui.i   Uie   early   June   report   of  jthe   y'f..'   of   191.5y   as   d'lirinlg   the'  jeiirlv    .ikxit   of   June   of   that   year,  '-hen';-   'I'liifs occurred.  m  .   THE WALKER PRESS ha's become a member  of-lhc United Typotliclac of America.  It is our purpose to give the most efficient  workmanship possible-with facilities at hand.  Wc������������������.shall not skimp either in giving the local  *ne\vs in   the columns of  thc "Okanagan  Commoner" nor in the job work wc do for our customers.  We shall give you a square deal.  We ask your reciprocal!  Jl.  Working" together wilh a thorough understanding, we believe we can be of service to lhc  commimily and to" our patrons.  Wc arc prepared to give you this^service at a  living profit. -  That profit must be 25% on thc cost of production.  We don't ask any more.  We won't take any less.  In   order  to   produce  a  newspaper  we  must  produce it on a 50-50 basis; that is, wc must have  ^O^ol-ailvertisiiig^lo-SO^oPreading^inatterr^^  Our advertising rates must bc raised from  25 cents a column inch to 40 cents a column inch  each insertion.  Mr. Businessman, heretofore you have been  gelling* your advertising space in thc columns  of the Commoner at the same price you were  paying ten or twelve years ::go, although for  lhe past six years our costs of production have  heen advancing.  Tho same rate for legal advertising i.s being  charged today by lhe B.C. Gazette a.s was charged  len years ago. and lhc Gazelle rate i.s the legal  rale charged by the newspapers of lhc Province.  Ilereal'ier lhe rale for legal advertising in the  Commoner will he 15 cents a line first insertion,  10 cents a line each subsequent insertion.  Our subscription price has never been raised  above $2 a year since we began business in Enderby some 15 ycars ago.  Henceforth, until conditions change and prices  again become normal, our subscription price  siiall bc $3 a year; $1.50 six months.  Wc want "to bc perfectly frank with you,  friends.  Our desire is to improve the newspaper and to  make tlie printing plant more efficient.  This means increasing the. payroll. It means  we must have more business. II means we must  have a 25% profit on the work wc do.  We cannot continue to produce the newspaper  at a loss.  This communitv will nol ask us lo.  Starting Julv 1st. our advertising rales shall  he '10 cents a "column inch each insertion; our  subscription price -will be $3 a year; our line  rate for legal advertisements and "want ads will  bc 15 cents and tO cents; our line rate for locals  will he 20 cents and 15 cents; our job printing  will he turned out at a 25% profit basis.  We shall hope to hold your business on thc  strength of our service and efiiciencv.  THE WALKER PRESS.  j*' OKANAGAN  COMMONER  THURSDAY,  JUNE   17,   1920  A1..  Want Ads  3c a word first insertion. 2c a word each insertion ihereaftur; liuc minimum charge; 10c extra  where cash do.-i not accompany order.  E.  A.  Cast of Blaney and .Cast,''Op-  itometnists   ain'i   Opticians,   Kevel-  istoke,   B.  C,   wiiM  he at  the  King  ���������������������������Edward   Hotel, * Monday,  June   11,  .'and Tuesday, June I;".- 'It  WANTED���������������������������A -good gentle saddle  ponv, aibnut 000 pounds. Kenneth  Worth, Trinity Vr.lV-y. -In' I "-St  FOR SKIt'viCI-:���������������������������Registered .Jersey  'hull. Mable Uike road; 3 ni.il.es.  II.  Aldin. .JlyT-f>  FOR UICXT-��������������������������� Lower bedroom wiith  firoplai-c and u.-e of bathroom.  Mrs. J. F. Johnson. -'   >(|-"t   FOR SALE���������������������������Six room bri'-ko cottage, on Hussel str<>c-i. Apply \V.,  "Convmnner   Oflice.   Enderby.  FOR SALE���������������������������l-'i "tons Xo. 1 Oats at  5S.1.00 per ton at [ho Woods  Ranch.     Furnish  your own  sacks.  FOR SALE���������������������������Two acre block; fine  building site:   on river bank;  now  o <in alfalfa and fruit trees; all  ifenced; t<;n miniums walk from  Postoffiec. Apply W.. Commoner  Oflice,   Enderby.  FOR SALE���������������������������Winchester magazine  rifle. Bought Jan. 1020. Perfect  condition. Also 7,000 foot assorted lumber: well soa-soncd. Ap  -ply Jas. Dixon, Bell Block, En  derby. 3t-p  FOR  SALE-rrA   velvet  rugr S   by  10.  C.  Fravel,   Enderby. l3-2p  j* 5? 5' 5' 5* jit    St    St    *t   St    St    St    St    St   St     St  ii     SASKATCHEWAN*   SAYINGS'    X  a a a a H a a s������������������ x x x x x x x x  ���������������������������Tho Saskatchewan .government  will pay the charges on the transportation of two carloads of live  stock selected by tihe committee appointed ,by the live stock board for  exhibition a.t ithe 'n'ext International  Livestock Show.ot Chicago in No-  vember and- December. This is to  ensure cthe best animals the province-  lias produced being represented at  iho-international  contest.  Tho University of Saskatchewan  has recommended the establishment  during the academic year of 19 20-21  of a one-year course in household  science for 'teachers in the provincial schools, the course to include  both foods and -textiles as w������������������Tl aa  related subjects includin'g chemistry.  The Saskatchewan. Bureau of Labor states .that 'there were 5 6 producing mines in the province In  ]91fl with a total output of 311,764  tons. In 191S there were 51 mines  which produced  300,746 tons.  ���������������������������Local showers have been experienced (throughout the province and  phenomenal growth of the crop is  reported from every district. Farmers are all optimistc over the crop  prospects.  MILCH    COW'S   FOR   SALE���������������������������Apply  F.   ,7.   Dunn,   Enderby. JS-21  NOTICE   TO   IWIXTEKS  Tenders will be received 'by the  undersigned on or before-the 30th  of June, 1920, for repainting (two  coaits) and decorating the Public  School at Grind rod.  Lowest, or any tender not neces-  saiilv accepted.  TL  T.  TWIGG.  Secretary GrJ'ndrod School Board.  IMPOUNDED  Dappled bay mare; white strip down  face, white left foot; branded I on left  hip.       ROBT.' BAILEY. Poundkeeper.  Enderby, B.C., June 1G, 1920.  Kodaks  and Kodak Supplies  V)  You neyeWvill know the full  enjoyment of an outing  until   you    take   a  Kodak with you  BOYCOTTING THE PROFITRER  A. Reeves  Druggist and Stationer.  ENDERBY  Let us advise you  in regard to your  foot troubles  We carry*a complete stock of Dr.  Scholl's Foot Remedies.  "You can only kill 'profiteering by  not buying." This is the slogan of  London. Eng. The confeumer is on  strike, and some industrials express  fears that this remedy will be applied so swiftly and roughly as 'to  produce unemipldyiment and 'perhaps  bankruptcy.  This is probably an exaggerated  I'efei'i", says a dispatch, but it helps to  ex.pf'ain why some- London stores  like Sel fridges are" reducing prices  from 5 to 10 iper cent. Goods which  sold 'before the war for eight shilj  lii'gs and sixpence rose to twenty  shillings. This .process lasting five  years, so to speak, knocked itihe sovereign down-'by. "about twopence or  threepence iper month.  The labor World seems to be be  ginning 'to wake up to the 'faot that  it really controls 'tlie situation If  it continues t'o push up warges and  ���������������������������pu'E dow'rt the output -prices must  get worse, and -the consumers  strike become imore detenmiined.  Labor leaders see tiliis. Late official  returns show that wihile" t'he workers  in British coal mines number 1,191,-  313, or 0 2,4 23 more than before the  war, yet the production' of coal fell  from 2S7 to 229 'million tons. Thus  workers increased 5.; per cent and  output decreased' 20 per cent. Meanwhile wages have so increased tlhat  the miners can now take 216 million sterling out of the nations eo������������������l  bill of 2S2 -mm lions, or SO .per cent,  leaving 20 'per cent for royalties and  profits -to 160,000 shareholders.  These facts are being forced homo  upon the public by tho circumstance  that next Monday coal is set free  from government con-trol. Coal rations to householders will then stop,  saving ������������������1,-100,000 a year in local  fuel  overseers' salaries alone.  XXXXXXXXXXXX X X X X  X PROVINCIAL  NEWS X  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX*  Fanteyj  footweiar   and  other novelties are to be manufactured iby the  Veterans' Products Company of Vic  toria from the skins of mud- storks  Operations    were    -commenced    this  month   by  thie company,   which, was  organized    recently.      The   company  has   heen   granted  an   exclusive   license "to flsh for miudi sharks in the  Gulf    A tract of 2.600acres of graz^  ing   land   on   Anaham   Lake,   Bella  Cpojla, B.������������������C, has been sold to I. W  Gray,   a   Wyoming   cattle  man,   who  will stock the landi immediately with  range cattle.  As a result of the enginears' investigation of the clay deposits near  Okanagan Landing, B. C, it "is re-  ,ported that there is 12,000,000  ���������������������������cuibic yards of visible clay on 4 8  acres, the average depth being six  feet.  Large numbers of sea Mons on  the British Columbia coast Which  alnlnjuially destroy vast quantities of  fish .food may ibe slaughtered and  their, 'hides iplaced on the world's  leather market is a proposition  which comes from Premier Oliver  and hae the approval of many experienced fishermen. oTe sea lion  wieighs from! 2,000 to 2,500 pounds''  the hides being nearly an inch la  thickness and make a tough and  durable rough leather such' as is  used in workmen's "gloves and  saddles. It is stated that one of  these animals will eat 50. pounds, of  fish -im.- a da>\ Four hunters recently  killed, several! 'hundred sea lions iin  one day in the Queen Charlotte  Islands.  LOOKING   AHEAD  ItOVCO'LTING HIGH PRICES  London, June 14.���������������������������The 'decided  movement toward lower prices for  essential commodities is continuing  in London. The public, by simply  refusing to buy at high iprices, 'hiave  prod need a serious situation for the  retailers, who stocked up heavily in  .aj'BLusliiiaiion^.o.Lja^.r.epi ti tion^oLJast-  yew's fevered nish  to the shops.  JOnonmous quantities of underwear, straw hats, women's dresses  and miscellaneous goods remain un-  sord. Traders are, in consequence,  adopting a policy of sharp reductions.  .SENATOR    M.\i:i>ING    NO.MINATKI>  E N I) E R K YSUP P L Y C O.  Knderby,   IJ.  ('.  NO WAR TAX  at this Slore on Talkinjj Mnrliines  For tlie 'present, at least you can  buy a talking machine here without  paying the extra war tax wliich, by  tlie way, is 2 0 per cent.  We are sole agents in tho district  for Columbia Grafonolas and Setw-  art Grain op ho nes.  Jf you want a good machine come  and hear one of these.  TMK    I'OI'LLAK    VAItlKTV  STORE  ������������������               Postoffice  one door  East   KNDERBY,  B.C.  Enderby Branch G. W. V. A.  The Knderby branch of the G. W.  V. A. meets every lsl anil .'inl Wednesday in the Drill Hull nt 3 o'clock  p.m. All visiting comrades arc welcome. Ji.   A.  J'oliliHTSON,   Sec.  Chicago, .lune 1-1.���������������������������Political eyes  front on Ohio. Nomination ot Wiar-  ron 0. Harding, senior senator from  that state, assures tho nominfttUoni  of Governor .lames M. Cox of .the  same state either for first or second  place  on   the Democratic ticket.    As  Ohio   goes,   so   goes   the  nation,  cording to political history.  ac-  A   TIIIRO   I'ARTV   IMCOIIAKLE  A convention to form a third'  party was announced i!n Chicago by  Amos Pinchot and his associates im  tho  "committee  of forty-eight."  The convention will be 'held In  Chicago on July 10, and according  to the anwe-u nee ment will .nlame ���������������������������candidates fon 'president and vice-president, and perfect machinery to put  the ticket on .the ballots of ever*  state in the union.  "Tlie Republican iparty bias now  driven out of representation in its  councils the millions of voters who  followed Roosvelt, Johnson and La-  folette," it was stated. The new  party will represent these voters and  willi. present a deflniite and constructive  program.  Tho P>;ind's Garage received  anolher carload of Dodge automobiles this week.  "Our supreme danger, in my belief, is Russia. Do not deceive yourself that Russia 'has not as strong an  autocracy; aa ever. It is no less an  autocracy; because lit) Ihas ^xtteane  social and radical institutions. It  has, moreover, a strong army, ithe  strongest in Europe. This danger  is great, as well aa the danger of  propaganda. STirst Poland may- igo  under, and ttihen Germany. German}  is too weak lto stand as the buffer,  esjKjciiMy if difficulties wiith PranJce  iricrQase. Otherwise we -might stand  aigainiat the pressure. The menace  qf the Russian militarist agression  against Europe may be postponed,  but it is inevitable within tbe next  score of years.  "In ireconsitructiion, under the best  of circumstances, production! wjll'be  hard for Germany, but we 'have the  asset that our production methods  are in advance of those of the rest  of Europe. The world Mas been destroying .production -for five years���������������������������  factories, mines, shlips, everything.  There will be a period of at least  ten years before the worfd production wMl be norma*.  'The war haB completely reversed  the positions of the producer and  tihe consumer. The business problem  formerly was sealing.. The struggle  was to secure the customer. Today  tlie consumer (i's pursuing1 the producer.  "Even In AnHerica production Is  not increasing as It shouild. The  miarket ie requiring more than Is  being produced. If that Is our condition think of Germany. Naturally  her condition is far worse. Our  factories are filled with orders. The  workers are willing ito -w.or.k. But  reconstruction Is "hindered by poMt-  ica'l^disorderr=-=Tne=execution=ofHhe  peace treaty remains a sort of internal war for Europe. Hope and  salvation do .not rest in ifitols disorder. They He in production."  ���������������������������L, s. Kirtland, in Leslie's "Wjeekly  xxxxx  X      ALBERTA DEVELOPMENT      Si  'According to a statement made  by the Seed Grain Commission, Al-  beTta farmers have 'purchased 325,-  0,00 ibushels of wheat for seeding  purposes and SOO.OOO bushels of  oats. As much- as 18,000 .bushels'of  wheat and 91,178 bushels of oats  have been shipped for seed from  ���������������������������government elevators.  5 ;W/hi!'st excavating at Berry Creek,  Alta., a -resident found the fossilized  remains of a hug������������������ shell-fish, and  those of a big fish. The iridescent,  phosphoric hues *=\vere still retained  in the solid- rock formation and a  cjrust of limestone 'had been 'broken  off to show the true lines of the mol-  ������������������,usk' and, those of uhe fish.  (Thoroughbred horses, ipure-bred  Shorthorns and sheep have 'been ordered by. the Earl of.M.into from his  English estates to stock his Alberta  ranch wihich is near 'that purchased  last year by the Prince of Wales. It  is reported that a ranch"ihouse will  be constructed at an expenditure of  $100,000.  THE SILO  IX ALBERTA  By F., S. Grisdlaile  Until recently the majority of the  farmers in this province experienced  no difficulty in securing sufficient  roughage for their livestock. In a  number of cases pul/ic-owned lands,  railways or speculators have supplied a considerable amount of the  necessary feed. Xow, however, owing-to the increase in the numlber of  farmers in- many distriotls much land  Is no longer available; as a result,  ln 'many pants there is a shortage of  roughage and a- sitronlg demand for  information on the growing and  handfln'g of roughage crops to supply the much-felt shortage.  In reviewing the methods of cropping which are in use in districts  where similar conditions have prevailed and where live stock have become numerous and land .high in  value, we note that wiithout exception provision has been made for  growing some kind of sila'ge crop.  Having a silo and growing si!age  crops will not make two blades of  grain! grow where one grew before,  but it will materially increase production and preserve what does grow  Jn a palatabfe and succulent, form  for feeding.  It is -cljiimed that- t.he silo increases the producing capacity of a  farm at least ten per cent, and' will  often increase its stock-carrying capacity twenty-five per cent. Prof. D.  H. , Otis, Wisconsin, reports in his  analysis of 531 farms in that state:  "We found it'hat for *he year the net  profit on 390 farms with silos was  *f875 a farm'anid on 141 farms'without silos, $535 a.- farm*." The dift'er-  etace in favor of the sil-o was $34 0 a  IMr.  INSTEAD OF CHURNING���������������������������MAKE MORE  MONEY WITH LESS TROUBLE  Burns Creamery  VERNON  Mails   Bank   Money   Order and  tests  showing   results    of   each   shipment.-,,  Also  pays  all  transportation charges.  Cream Cans and Shipping Tags  can be had on request  P. Burns & Co...Ltd  j*  VERNON, B.C.  OVERLAND CARS  Another carload of Overland  4's   n thc way.    Order yours before they  are all sold-.    One and   14-lon   -Maxwell Truck  for Hire. _ ���������������������������  . Expert motor 'mechanic for any. make of  car  in  charge of our, Jlopair  Shop.  AGIO NTS KOI!  Overland,   Gray   Dort,   Chevrolet, Mclaughlin   and   Maxwell   cars. and  Maxwell! Trucks.  Jas. McMahon & Son Enderby  Former Premier Asquith's daughter, an impa.rtia'1 expert, alleges that  Uloyd George hos sold hlis soul under th'e impression that' 'he merely  .pawned it. This sihows ithat even a  great sfcaiteteman, needs a course in  careful  salesmanship.  1 XCItBASED  SVPSCK1ITIOX  JUTKS  The Canadian) Press burjetln, calling attention to the general increase-  in^ subscription rates, says;  "Following the tightening up in  the news print situation, Increase in  su'bscription rates is natiurally tho  next m'ove. Tho serious news print  situation will force a general raise  in* siitxscripU'on rates with all the  daf'-y newripaixfrs yory ishorty. It  would seem to bo th������������������ opportune  time for weekly publishers to make  a general raise. It is rather difficult  to argue with the paper makers  against the raise of newsprint prices  nrul the lack of supply to Canadian  weeWlies unless we show, the paper  makers thiat we are endeavoring to  raise our subscription rates. ^ It was  argued to thie manager by one prominent paper maker that, while his  sympathies were with weekly publishers, he thought that it was time  for. thc-im to adjust their subsor.lp-  t'ion rates to 'meet the extreme high  price which was to oonue very shortly."  Five thousand acres of Hand on  the Canadian Land and Irrigation  Company's tract ihave been purchased by settlers .from' the United  States and' are 'being put in crop.  Wlater will be available this summer  to irrigate the gro.wtb.  Another carload of Overland  4's ��������������������������� was received this week hy  Jas. McMahon & Son.  Hfr-4  eas in  or in Package  Whichever way you wish it,  we handle the choicest  blends on the market at right prices  PUNCAN  PROS,       Enderby's Quality Store  usrc noTsi.v mood n.oL'it'  for  all   kinds  of  baking.     It  is  thel  best family (lour that can be milieu.!  Likewise it is high eft iin food values.|  li   makes   the   finest   kind   of   bread,]  cakes  and   pies.     And   it  is  so   well]  blended   thai, even   tlie Coast skillful  baker gets splendid  results frcm its  use.   .  TI-IKOK t*c- so>;  EXm-RBY, B. C.  EXPORTS OF PURE-BRED STOCK  The breeding or purebred stock inj  tho West may be considered a comparatively new industry,' for it is not  long since the days when qua nti ty  ������������������u the idea uppermost In a rancher's mind, and quality in his animals  received very little consideration  This was in the epoch of the hufeo  ranches, but with selllement and tho  introduction of othcr and more intensive methods of agricultural stock  raising, much attention has becn paid  to the quality of thc animal raised  villi the result that the stock of thc  western provinces is becoming  known wherever interest is taken in  tlie maintenance of herds of prime  Quality. In thc western provinces  ������������������r������������������edors bave always had the active  cooperation of the various governments who by an aggressive campaign of propaganda, the institution  '������������������nd work of experimental farms and  Intelligent distribution of high-grade  animals in tbe stock raising districts  hare striven to elevate the quality of  'the animal bred and eliminate those  id low grade.  The results of tihls intelligent co-  : operation are becoming more evident  i jevery day. Purebred stock farms  i ������������������re now as common throughout   tho  (1) Some fine cattle graze on Albertan Prairies.  (2) The children help to rear the stock on the Prairies,  fWest as were the ranches of the old  idays. and tho demand for their pro  ' iduct  Is  increasing  and  covering   a  large   area.     Each   year  many   anl-  jmals are    purchased    by American  (farmers at the annual sales through-  lout tho west and huge prices rcallz-  l������������������d.      Australians    are    enthusiastic  'Over Canadian purebred cattle.     Recently a herd of Holstcins were ship-  jped to the Antipodes as an experi-  Liinent, and bo great was the demand  UIHUBtSf. ������������������uM. MvjL_b������������������Sft 1S.W sev  eral times over. The outlook for  export in this direction is so bright  that a further herd of twenty-four  head has bcen shipped from Vancouver, and it is confidently expected a  regular export business in Canadian  purebred stock will be maintained  with Australia. 0  Holstein stock was first introduced  into Canada from England, and now  It is found necessary to introduce  fresh blood for tlie revival of British  stock. Canada, where thc breed has  arrived at such a high state of perfection, has been chosen for this important -re-supply, anu a special dispensation villi bo crantcd to permit  the introduction, as thc government*)!  docs not permit the entry of live caUl  tie into the country. jf  British Columbia has also surpliedj  tiie Hawaiian Isk-.nrt with Uf first  purebred stock when, a i;hort while!  ago, a'consignment of Holstcins and)  Jerseys went to tho stockmen ...qA,  Kahalui, Island of Maui.. A clea*n--|  realisation of tlie importance of high)  qtiallty.-.have in-fact, wilh intelligent!  breeding and the active co-operatiouj  of the Dominion and Provincial Gov-<  ernments. raised tlio C:.::r.clian purc-j  bred standard, until it has through!  its own excellence created the genJ  c-ral demand which cxigts at l*>������������������csenW  \m  ".-������������������S������������������rj:


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