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Okanagan Commoner Aug 14, 1919

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 ITO������������������  Vol. 13, No. 23, Whole No. OH).  ENDERBY, B- C. THURSDAY, AUGL.ST 1 I, 1919  /  /  Siibscrjplior., $2 a year; oc copy  n\  i  ��������������������������� $  other class. No person could or  would lose his position whose  presence was essential lo education, lie who was really doing  elleclive work would bc in a  much superior position under  the system proposed. He would  be  treated  as a cilv servant in  ORDER   COAL   EARLY       'FIRES RAPIDLY SPREADING  Government Warns Ccal Users Thai Starting at Camp Z on Sat-  and Urges Placing Orders for!  Winter's Supply at Once j  ^ Sir George Fosler, Minister of j      ���������������������������.    ...���������������������������-.  Trade and Commerce, has isucd  lhere was"no sign  of a  (ire'in  urday  Night Is Now   Racing  Toward King Fisher Camp "-  nii������������������hl  at  9   o'clock  Saturday  1 -*"e  was  lhc  larger cities,  which  doubt-!the following slalemenl on  the the limber across the riveri'rom  Municipal Act  Badly in Need  of Real Revision  Some months ago thc provin- readily available lo further elim-  cial government employed <Mr. inalc  waste   of   public   moneys [less  soon  will   provide  pension 'coal situation: . _ ,{lvc ranch home of N. Simard,  F. A. McDiarmid, solicitor for and avoid friction in municipal!- systems; or, as a civil servant, (With the signing of Ihe'Peace Ilupel. Al 12 o'clock lhat night  Uie Union of British Columbia ties.- by eliminating all olher with a continuity of employ- j Treaty the United Siales fuel ad- lhe hillside was'ablaze, and by.  Municipalities fo draft a /mini-{public bodies with taxation pow-'menl nol always now given to ministration has aulomolically Sunday night lhe fire had spread  cipal act which would incorpor- ers than the municipal council.! him. Further, thc adoption for ceased to exist, and lhe produc- lo adjoining hills and was racing  ate what was found to be thej If the local government board councillors of a two-year term | lion and distribution of coal in through lhe timbered belt at  latent and best iii municipal law .was   given   a"  school   site   and of ollice will partially overcome that  country   is   now  governed great speed.  inlo one act, so as to simplify strongly constituted on that side. ] the preference men have for the | solely by the law of supply and," Depulv Fire Warden Hawes  the-handling of public business keeping a light hold on such | office of school trustees, and thai jdemand. All war-time regain- iUid a force ol' men on thc  and to put all municipalities in'matters as school curriculum,! fact and the fact" that education tions, restrictions and embargo* ground a.s soon as possible, and  thc province  under a  standard free text books, ellicient inspee-jis administered by   the council have .been cancelled. j every elfort was  made  to con-  system of management. '    tion and minimum qualifications might reasonably be expected to'     As  has  been  previously  inli-'finc "lhe lire.    But cinders were  Enderby City  Council Contracts  Gravelling S.A.Road  The acl as drawn up was too  n hurry, so at, thc last session  exhaustive to be put through in  of the Legislature it was decided  to pass thc tax sales clauses of  the acl. "  Since this portion of the act  was passed and created such an  uproar from many municipalities in the province the government a I Victoria  concluded to  , dispense with llie services of  Solicitor McDiarmid. ' He' was  let out.  Solicitor McDiarmid is -now  making clear his. position in relation to the many objectionable  ' features of the tax levy act.^ In  order to do so he rehearses what  transpired between him and .the  Attorney-General's department  leading up to the passage of the  emergency, acl. In so doing Mr.  McDiarmid takes occasion' to  give much information on municipal law. in British Columbia,  in contrast with taxation methods in vogue elsewhere, information which hc is making an  effort to get into the hands of  the ratepayers of the province  through thc medium of a .very  ,rlu������������������ighty report to thc Union of  \ British Columbia Municipalities,  and thence through the munici-  ' pal councils of the province. His'  report was read at the last meeting of the local council. ' This  report is too lengthy to find  room in. its entirety in any" but  - tlie larger newspapers. Its. importance, however, should not  be overlooked. Recommendations arc made by Solicitor" Mc-  ������������������Diarmid-lhat should .bear 'fruit  - if adopted for the guidance-of  - municipalities within-the-province. :   ' . V  Solicitor   McDiarmid   claims  1hat "our municipal law hasjebm-  ^plctely broken down; that it fails  in many particulars to provide  either an efficient or economical  administration.      ,."       **  .  -  It is proposed by Solicitor McDiarmid -that "the "government  should appoint a local jjovern-  nient  board,   with   very  may  powers   of  supervision,   ft  is>  proposed that no bylaw creating  a debt.blialj foe submitted to "the  ratepayers   withoutVtfoeir   pre-,  \ious sanction. Tfo������������������| u.ll disputes'  and  frictions  between  various  contiguous    municipalities    foe  brought before them; Mat in all  disputes between tfo������������������ municipalities and organized employees  'the,board should act as a board  of conciliation, and llwt in all  '-disputes with.public service corporations the board sbould foe iw  sole control.   This last is really  a public utility commission. The  experience of the past,year with  tin-   Brilish Columbia Electric  Railway' Company,   wbicb   is  practically the same as tfoe experience of Toronto and Montreal wilh their street railways, is  =-thal���������������������������where���������������������������the���������������������������public=-servicc  corporation is operating in two  or more municipalities, and each  municipality   deals    with    the  problem separately and on the  basis of its own local interests  only, cither the railway gains  advantages against the public interest, or some portion of the  public gains an adva^'t9ffe oyer  otlicr sections of the public, on  account  perhaps  of   tlie.  more  successful diplomacy on the part  ol their reeve or mayor.1 or perhaps his greater stubbornness.  In any case the problem is never  Ircaicd as a whole problem on  the part of the municipalities,  and   usually   divided   counsels  bring defeat  and disadvantage  lo   thai   section   of   the   public  using thc public utility.  "If a public utility commission  is useful, then thc undersigned  is of opinion that it will reach  its highest usefulness if the commissioners have lhe fullest possible knowledge of the needs ahd  local conditions of the various  municipalities, and for this reason, if it stood alone, would  combine Ihcse duties with thc  duties of supervision and inspection and control of municipalities given to, the local, government board. There should hot  be a duplication of officers, not  only on the score of expense, but  on "the score of efficiency.  "If the government sees fit to  adopt the above recommendations of the undersigned then it  is submitted, the machinery is  and salaries for teachers, whvjrai.se lhc standard of the. per mated, the Canadian fuel con- j,iOWn across lhe river, and on  not amalgamate lhe school sonnel of, tlie persons seeking '{col w:<s disbanded on March 'Al Mondav and Tuosdav fires broke  boards and  municipal   councils election.M - jlasl.   The coal supply of lhe na-'oll( j��������������������������� several placesVnd," fanned  " ������������������������������������������������������on, Iherelore. now depends on \)V jj,c wind. the Hainos-travelled  and havc only one body representing the municipal electors?  "There are many obvious advantages, among others.  "First���������������������������It will eliminate waste-  The expenses of an election are  roughly from $100 to $150 per  poll. The duplication of officials costs enormously, when  one set of officials would do lhe  work.   For instance, there i.s in  ARMSTRONG   LACROSSE  Local Team Invites Seniors  from Vancouver to Armstrong  for Game Early in September  Ihe individual, ell'orts of the coal .,| ���������������������������n,.,| s,)c0(| j��������������������������� t]1c direction of  trade and lhc co-opera lion il re- Kingfisher  ceives   from   the  consumers   in      should lhe tires reach lhc two  ior   lhree  vears*  slashing which  The local lacrosse team will  go lo Kelowna loday to play  their lasl game of thc season in  tliat cily." Theiboys will meet  every municipality a medical, the Kelowna learn at-its best.  healih officer, sanitary inspector, .fully determined lo take al least  mostly there, is also a school one game from Armstrong. .An  health officer.. There i.s a cily  engineer  and   an   engineer   for ..    ,  schools. There.is a school nurse,has tent an invitation to lhe  or nurses iu larger m'unicipnli-j Vancouver scnior'nmatcur team  ties, and also nurses for the in-;to play two games in Armstrong  digent anti for the Children's jcarlv in September. guarantee-  Aid, etc.   There is a city solicitor'. ing to pay all necessary expenses  CM-ilinu game is looked "for. '-  'I he -Armstrong lacrosse team  .. ,    ". :ior   men   iimuuig   c  lies as lasl year, or even,,.     -���������������������������-clLJMo inlo the  did; in   normal    pre-war,   b������������������-,.,,������������������. ,imil Ui      years:    I Ins is especially true in-     n   Saw Mi���������������������������s    .1IK|   uni  the Maritime Provinces <heavv rainstorm intervene  remedy for thc settlement of all  difficulties which arise in connection with the very arbitrary  boundaries of municipalities,  which seem to bc so*difficult of  adjustment" under the present  .system. The'boundaries of municipalities sometimes run right  through the centre of a lot. Thcy  hardly ever follow thc boundaries of population. It would  be-a yery. easy matter for "adjustment bv thc "councils of mu  especially members of thc Kcl  owna, Vernon and Armstrong  teams, are anxious to-compare  the standards'- and ��������������������������� methods ��������������������������� of  Coast and valley -..teams.'",-,- V  People here Ciare ' all ' of "one  opinion, that it Twill help-to" advertise "our town,'and thc "citizens" should give this their most  hearty-support. It-will increase  thc enthusiasm for our'national  game in the" interior, .<    ,   "',  The local"boys are -practising.  iiicipalities if for instance school 'hard, and will be in fine, shape  privileges  could  bc  traded-for and are fully determined lo play  with.every ouhee^ot-encrgy from  thc first tothelast whistle.,  The last league' game -of- la-  JUJMPLY. TRACTOJI  Heaviest Oil Pull Tractor inPis-  . triet Set Up-by/Bfr- Frank Has-  . sard on,His Farm .  police-or. fire -protection. At,the  present" time. no school board  has a quid pro quo-to offer," and  no council is in a frame of mind  or poss-'sses the necessary information lo help.the school boards  in their troubles, and there "is  no-.adequate,, co-ordination between the educational, system  and the municipal system.  '   .--  "Tluvd���������������������������tt will absolutely and  entirely obviate and obliterate  (be constant friction which forever ' arises . between ; school  boards and councils, friction  which is not inherent in a school  system as such, but is inherent  and always . arises . where one  body raises money at the demand of another for the other  body to spend. Thc present system creates friction; the remedy  proposed would entirely eliminate the same.  "There are some disadvantages, which, however, would  appear to "the undersigned as  rather-political than as attaching to tbe system proposed.  "If such a system were brought  forward it'would meet with  criticism from two sources, (l)  very conservative, who dislike  change; (2) those who might  imagine=-tha N-< I isad va n la gc=lo-  themsclves -personally would  follow.  With the first class thc undersigned has little sympathy. The  argument of this class will be  that tlie trustees of thc school  board are really a higher standard of men than the municipal  councillors, and therefore education would suffer in Ihe hands'  of municipal councils. Thcrc is  perhaps too much truth in this,  Hist as there is perhaps too much  (ruth in the answer which this ij���������������������������n Convention, held at Medi-  argument always meets from.cine Hal last week, four rcsolu-  councillors, that trustees have '  too much so-called education lo  be decent business men; bul lhe  answer to this argument is thai  nothing which really matters for  tlie education of our children if  left to the council in which councillors of the average standard  can go wrong. Thc curriculum.  the qualifications and salaries of  inspectors and teachers. I lie  hours of school, are -mailers outside the scope of the. jurisdiction  proposed. Sanitary and board  of health regulations really lie  with thc council iioav. or wilh  the provincial health deparlmenl  jn the last analysis^ So thai  every thing which really counts  for education is given to the  education department and the  administration, purchase of supplies, buildings, elc-, come under  thc body which supplies the  funds.  This   argumenl   really   also  ansAvcrs* the   objectors   of   thc  placing-their orders lor coal al  ?nrV.?*   .  ,. ������������������������������������������������������        ,,       , ���������������������������    ,- I has accumulated at lhc several  Ihe information at hand iih1i-;c s .ll(,n , Kingfisher Creek  cales that coal is not coming ,lu. dam.1������������������jc \vju ]7C incalculable,  into the country xn (he same,,-,,.. tncn nothing CU|I slop the  quantities as lasl year, or even,,. -���������������������������-clLjM��������������������������� i���������������������������t</thc most valn-  as   it   did   in   normal    pre-war j..Ki;r ,:.���������������������������!,". i;.-,,;i uf the Okan-  less  a  For the lirsl sjx.months of this j J^m^'sprcad" immy'miles "in  year thc Pennsylvania iuilhracie; ., dil.(?-(.lio,lls {111<| a||-j,, limits  mines, omwhich Con ra I Canada     , ,        .   .,     ,     t slnnt1ing  depends lor a large pari o   her   ,    ,       .      ,     (lislric. . .  I ^iwinnnn T\ 'no;Iucci1 Manager 'Marlcv, who has  only 38,800,000 ncl.IonsolI coal V (1������������������cclint, tll- firc flahUng  as compare,I with 49,100.000 no    .      ,        . .Jr    of  Mabcl  Lake  tons during the same period lasl jsi���������������������������ct. MoIU|uv. reports the (lames  op-  a  ding  thc  is  thousands of miners are leaving  the Uniled Slates? for Europe.  Up to the middle, of June, 42,000  miners - had" already left -the  United States, and it is estimated  that 1.300.000.people will eventually loaA'e Americja before"this  movement subsides.. .- ' ' 7 ~~  With .-the'-'strong'.demand I'or  coal and thc lessened production  Hicrc is littlnJ room lo hope tha  the price of anthracite al the  mines will1 fall forlmany.monlhs.  In.fact thc indications.a re that  the-price'will continue to advancers die: fall ;au<l win Icr" a p-  'prqacliO 'S'77''" '���������������������������" > ��������������������������� 7 ""'"  . It is.'-"not .safe -to; assume lhaI'  next Avinler.will b'p a,.mild,'-one.  crpsse will,- be playccl.in Arm-, N       .R- h . po8sibl(j ;lo_ rorccasl  strong, against Ycrnon, Aug,.21.- ^i,uiahc"lab6r silualTo'n at the  iiiines"will be or> whiit success  tlie- railroads (jusl emerging  from' the strain of the- war period) Avill have-to- contend wilh  against'.possible- adverse- climatic, .conditions this' coming  wiiifcr.  check.  When. .Mr. Prank Hassard  makes-lip his mind lo inslal "a  machine on his farm hc thoroughly, investigates the merits  of the proposed', "buy" Jicfore  ordering. Some time ago lie. con;  eluded lhat,he musl-havc a'lrac-  toi;. "I|e folloAved others, Avhich  hail come.into* the valley, and  and after seeing"thenv'in opera-  lion lie went to'the Calgary fair  and thcrc'saw ^everything in  tractors. He dicln't take tbe  word of men avJio were selling  tractors: He bu/.tonhp.lcd fellow farmers. \fc wanted to  learn lhcir experience with tractors. All swore by the JRumcJy.  Not lhat all owned Runielys; but  those who didn't and had something else swore thcy's have a  Runicl_y, _as soon-as they, could  iTifoniTii: y\TKl"sr^lfc=cTMTicxli5"mc"  and ordered a "Rumcly. It arrived this week, and is in opera-  lion at the Hassard farm. It  was ordered through Mr. George  Murray, Armslrong agent. <���������������������������  sr   sr   cr sr.sr   cr cr w 'cr cr cr cr cr cr. u  }, j.   .s   re re re re re re re Ms   rs  rs   *e. re  ti x  MARA NOTES  ������������������~       x , -    -   - - X  X XX X X X it X X XX X K XX  "Quite a few Marailcs took-in  lhe Vernon celebration.  1 cr -- -  ... rs   ,  The Rev. M.- Gretton held services Suiulay afternoon-   ",  .   Sain'Putula  is busy with his  binjder-a_l"scvcraI places. an<l Jhe  showing" is'very good. foiVmorc  ihan-an average"vicld.     .--'*  ���������������������������    . -    ' it' -  '-- .JJamcsBell. has just coniplcte<l  getting in his- wlieat-hay. Hc  a Iso sb Id '* "upwards "of; sixteen  acres'of thesamc lo HawkwoYtJi  Bros?, of "Grindrod.   ~~  ' We are minus" lhc oldT truck  al- lhc" station, and all'freight'  and'baggage  has   to .'be   man  At a meeting of lhc Enderby  Ci ly Council on July 31 Mr. JM.  Dunwoodie appeared before the  Council 611 behalf of his father,,  Mr. J. Dunwoodie, homesteader,  of the S.W. V-x, Sec. 21, Tp. 18,  Rgc 9, W. of Oth Mcr.. situate  in the extra-municipal portion  of the Knderby school dislrict.  He slated that Ihe Cily Assessor  had completed the- assessment  and lhc roll for the year 1914  on March -.2 of lhal year, and  that lhe . enlargement of lhe  school district, whereby his  father's farm had bee 11 laken in.  was not legally in ellccl until  April 29, following. His father  therefore. claimed that he had  been illegally, assessed for lhal  year and claimed thc refund ol*  the' amount of the laxes thus  illegally levied.. Consideration  of the claim was Postponed'.  .  Mr. M. A. Marley, manager of  the Okanagan Saw Mills. Ltd..  appeared.before the Council"and  asked that two firc hydrants be  placed on George street and two  on thc Vernon road, for lhc pro-  lection of his company's lumber  yard from firc. Hc pointed, out.J  the great protection wliich this  would afford to thc town as well"  as to his company's properly  and stated that the -company  would gladly provide thc necessary hose i'or use with these  hydrants, adding lhal lhcy  would be.'available in case of  need-nol-only in the yard "bul  in any paVt bf the town. This,  matter was postponed for fuller  consideration.  In accordance-with thc Council's'" invitation, lenders were received! for" the 'hauling and  spreading on the Lower Salmon  Arm road of 175 cubic yards-  Bids: H. C. Carson, $1.95 per  cubic ard .1. II. Teece, $1.85 per  cubic ya"d; Eel. Sparrow, $1.50  per cuh.c yard. The lender of  Mr. Sparrow was acccpled, and  a contract, embodying the conditions on which the lenders had  been based was ordered lo bc  drawn up I'or signal lire by lhc  Council and Mr. Sparrow/  Constable l\. N. Bailey appeared before the Council and  staled lhal he had been offered  a quantity of rock, al present  lying on lhe ground where the  former Hour mill stood, free of  charge provided it were"hauled  away a I once. He staled lhal  lhe rock was in exceptionally  large pieces, and thai il would  serve admirably for the protec-'  lion of-lhe waler main on Uie  easl bank of lhe river, where the  earlh underlying il was almost  cerlain lo be washed away next  spring, thus endangering the  city's waler supply. This rock  would be very much -cheaper  than any which hc rcoulil procure from the quarry. He could  store il in the pound enclosure.  11 was decided lo lake thcVock  in question anil lo pile it on lhc  east side of lhc river, in readiness for use whenever it might  be needed.  ��������������������������� An'interim slalemenl of receipts and expenditures Tor the  half-year ended-June 30, 1919,  was pa-sen led by the Treasurer,  typewritten copies of same being  handed lo the members of the  Council I'or perusal at their leis--  urc!  JJ Thc finance committee recommended, payment "of the following.sums of money: Ed. Sparrow, $2675; Geo. A. Rands,-$7;  C.'<E. D.ugdale, $40.13;'G. Roso:-  or'"more if required���������������������������of gravel.! man, .$8; lolal,- $81.88  f- -  Tbe   "government   - therefore] bundled.    Perhaps some'df the  ...,.,������������������r.cj :,]\ consumers to.protect residents will prcscnt-.lbc-CP.H.  their fuel requirements by; pi tie- v/ilii a whcelbaiToW.-  mg -their orders al once.    If il   ' -. X  is impossible lo secure full re  oiuremcnls of anthracite al this  tiinc it-is "suggested thai biluminous* coal or other substitutes  Wilfred Owen went "down to  Vancouver lo spend-the balance  of .his holidays,- filler which'.be  "will  lake up high school work  by. acquired for use in lhe laic He; is'slopping wilh  llih utlcle  fall and spring'. "   '        '  MABEL LAKE-NEWS.  Things We Want to-Know-  . If .the Mabel Lake ranchois  were glad to sec, lhc back of the  "provincial" lasl week and whal  be ' thought ol" the- horse lhcy  tried to sell him?  mr  sm  . If all lhc automobiles lhal go  lo the lake for week-ends reallv  HTORO-ElrSCTWC PJrAN  Endorsed by Irrigation Convention  At tlie Western Canada Irriga  tions were presented.and Passed  and all four requested governmcnl action in regard to irrigation. One of these, moved by .1.  A. McKclvie, of Vernon, obtained  endorsement by the. association  of a resolution passed by representatives of public bodies of Ihe  Shuswap and Okanagan valleys  al the convention in Vcrnou on  .Inly 17 List, requesting the Dominion and provincial governments immediately lo cause a  surxcy lo be,inude of thc power  available on the Shuswap and  Adams rivers wilh a view of al  once developing such power for  lhc use of lhc inhabitants ol"  Ihesc valleys. j  they lake home?  X  ' If a certain rancher is offering straw instead of hay for sale  this year and is supplying a pair  I of grecn'speclacles for lhe-callle  .'with each load?  I       - *  .  I     How Ihe inhabitants like lhe  now stage and whether il is' as  popular with 'Ihe'ladiesjis with  the genllemen?  cr  *,  How Iwo charming lady visitors enjoyed Iheir trip lo Vernon Tmd their opinion of lhe  countrv?     J  and mini.  James, Evans, fire warden.of  Salmon -Arm, paid a hurried  visit here on Monday. The* valley is filled wilh smoke from  several bush iires close in, and  unless rain comes very soon  things will look VCl'V SeWoUs. "  X  N. Gildcrm-festers wife and  family slopped off1 at" Mara- Jast  wcjk  for a   few  davs on  their  goMo^fish=ali(Kho\v=niany--fish--Avay--lo=-theii^ra!ich-in-Albcrla:-  Therc are 2,239,871 pounds of  turkeys in cold storage in Canada. These were bought last  vear by lhe middlemen and will  hc disposed of a I Thanksgiving  and Christmas time al enormous  profits.  How high a fence a cerlain  rancher's hogs really did climb  over?  ci.  ���������������������������  Why a certain returned soldier  made such  a  hurried   Irip  His manv friends were pleased  lo meet him, after his many and  Mirii'il experiences ovci'rii'ils^ tl  i.s Mr. Gil(lc'rmcc������������������lcr's intention,  .'lfler making his slake al wheat,  i'armimj lo again reside at Mara.  ' ^ X t  Several complaints arc heard  these days iu I'efeh'nco lo passengers gelling oil' lhc trains, as  llie plalform is so short. Passengers gelling oil' rear coaches  of "lrains going south alight on  the callle guards, while those  gelling oil' northbound train*  iilighl'on lhe track. Someday  lhere is liable to be a serious  accident if lhis is nol remedied.  .1  ������������������ ������������������.������������������ c������������������ si  w tr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr m  .. j, r, js  r, -������������������, re re re r, r, re re re re re r-  cr re  re .-.  ....  K X X X K X X X K X K X K X X X iVVancpuvcr'Vsland,   \vhcrV thcy  x      . ENDERBY NOTES       ������������������  X   . x  X X X X X X X X XX X X XXX X X,  **' Enderby 'baseball' learn -'-"will  plav Kelowna at-that cily-.to-day:  -- -S-- -a s'"S X''----      Ss ~~v>**  _.M rs.'J H. W% JHa rvey_a ii< 11 so'ns  arc- spending a week 01^ two iirJ  camp at Mara Lake-- --.-ir-VVVJ  -~ - - _3e     -^ 1    ^ l,1*   .  -'Eric'"Winter has bccn'addecl  to_thc Bank of Montreal .staff',,  Enderby. as "messenger. "       S -V  '    ;:   ���������������������������-        -       X . '_'  ��������������������������� .-ifi  " J\j������������������\ p. .1. Welsh returned from  the Coast this week, where: he  spent his"school holidays.   SSS  S   X , . '/ *r  '��������������������������� Mrs. Treat, of llevelslokcjVis'  visiting liel' sister, Mrs. James  .Graham. Her. son" accompanies  her."   - ��������������������������� f.       '--  - H. IL.. teBoy and family rer  turned from -Alberta this- week  to rettldt! on l������������������s Enderby prop*:  erty.-v,   -  . \m s-  IVJrs. Woods came down from  MabeJ IJ^ake on Monday night  owing to the ilinessJ of lhe children. . 7-  Avill, rusticiile '.for a month' or  two and perhaps" rcinain .during  the winler. '      ' ''  7       -     V  ' -Sid'^Vaby is undcrgoing "vdea-   - -  lional   training, in rthc military    -_.r  sciiool-a I Va"licquveivJLIcJs Jem- --,  ployed in-llie mechanical, toy'dc-. -���������������������������=  plu'lmcJil. . *   -    - -'  i%jr.^ -. ^.._.;.,,. ������������������ "x ,.-_��������������������������� '- - ,   -r -  ' "j Auditor "Creiiaii and iMi's: Crc- . .  hanV jiui'de -'llfeii-,' scmi-iinhual %  au'dH "of-the" Endcrhy city books'   ^  this-'-wcek. finding everyihing in  excellent shape:  "'-" s     s     . x ; ^.-.. " 1 r  "Ilc'rinan   ' Gildefincisler V'md '"'-  fanViLy/yisilciL Enirerhy.on.,Moii--  day'on lhcir return L"o theprairi'g ' .  afler  service', of K two . or   three -"  years "overseas.     .   -  - Cily Clerk Rosoman slarled  his'jiibnllrs liolidav'JJ.tliis week  Miss'-'Rosoman will look, after  'lhe7.rouline ollice work during  Uic'morning hours.        ��������������������������� ,  * 1 tr  s.rt    * ** * **  "7.:Thc"Fullon   Hardware .Com--  ���������������������������>'���������������������������  pany." has .added a plumber and  JinsmiiJr lo   its   repair .department! -Mr!   .las. "Sutherland,   of  Vancouver, .taking lhc position.  --'���������������������������t'  fhe Enderby cily'band will  give its first found sla lid concert  of-the season on Friday evening  at 8.30,  -|Born���������������������������At   the   F.nderhy   Hos-  daiighh'l'.  X  GRINDROD NOTES  A number of Enderbyiles are  enjoying the Regalia a I Kelowiur  today, many going by Wednesday's train.     *  Miss Robinson and Miss Rerlie  Campbell are allending lo lhe  mails and postal work in lhe  Enderbv postollice.  Mr. and Mrs'.'.W. IL Gosnell  rclurned from Victoria lhis  week, and are residing on Iheir  farm near Knderby.  mr*  MB,  Until lurlhcr nolicc. Ihe clerk's  ollice at   the  City   I hil I   will   be  open in Ibc forenoon only  hours will be 10 lo 12.:J0  ��������������������������� George Graham rclurned this  week, from Alcza Lake.*B.C.,  where he "was employed in the  Rullan sawmill. It is reported  that Mr. Rullan is lo move his  iiiill from'Aleza Lake lo Grande  )i ta IVA u gr"87"lo V\l rf=a n"������������������ l=M i-stjI? ra i ricrVh eiHie=wi 1 l-i 1 ui ky-Fn=^  riiomas Skyrme, of Grindrod, a derby his headquarters. ,  Wm.  Cameron, accom-  by her son. recently ,re-  The  ������������������  ���������������������������   ,r 11      I    1-      I I ���������������������������  ' *t   cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr cr  to Vernon and how he found his  - ������������������ ������������������ '- " " " ������������������ " *v" '- ��������������������������������������������� ** ** ** **  wav home?  Whether Hupel really voted  "dry" and whal lhe rclurned  owner said when he heard jl  had done so?  *���������������������������#���������������������������  How long it will be before lhe  nexl wedding in the valley is announced?  Mrs. .1. 10. Pacey was a visitor  from Naramata last week-  %r  Mr. Bernard Rosoman held an  auction sale a  week,  selling  his residence last  all   his household  -it  goods nfld farm implements,  aood prices being received. Mr.  Rosoman and his family expect  Mr. Rov Wheeler lasl week  built a summer house on Leighton Reach, and i.s lo spend a  week or two in the open.  Mr.   and .Mrs.  Win.   Duncan  rclurned   from   Mabel   Lake  on  Sundav    night,  two weeks in camp <">n thc lake  shore.  ' Mrs  panic*: .,,     -  turned to Enderbv from the  northwest. Mrs. Cameron had  lhc misfortune lo lose her husband aboul a year ago. and .1  daughler" and son-in-law passed  away shorlly a Her, nil victims o;  inlluenza.  * -     " *' JS  LedgcrUeepcr Williams, of the  IbinU 'of Montreal slalT._ mel  wilh a serious accident Salurdav afternoon. While driving  his" molorevcle inlo Vernon he  was Ihrown In Ihe roadside and  his arm and shoulder Iracturcd  llie  Vernon  11 os-  lle "i > now  111  pilal.  ��������������������������� cr  r^  Prof. F.rn. an cxpcrl on school  consolidation,  employed  by  lb''.  Dminion and provincial governments,   was  in   Armslrong  yes-  tcrdav to give advice on this mi-  porlanl educational subject.  Mrs. Marley and sons are |)re-  i-      1 ivii-imi lo spend a week or two at  ���������������������������,g,n,   aflcr    spending!^j^ J^ On-Ioying lhe pleas-  arcs of camp life.  i     A social evening will hc liiven  ., ,^u������������������^jAAA.A������������������������������������.M.& OKANAGAN COMMONER  THURSDAY, AUGUST 14, 1919  #Iianagan Ccmnumer  In which is merged Tht- Enderby Press and Walker'��������������������������� Wwklr  Published every Thursday at Enderby. B.C.,  by The Walker Pros., at  p.?r year: 51.00 six months.   FORCING   PRICES   DOWN  Certainly Not!  Anti-trust suits against the great meat packing  firms of the United States were announced last  week by Attbrney-General Palmer, as the first  concrete development of the government's campaign to reduce the high cost of living. Armour,  Swift, Morris, Wilson and Cudaby, who havc  been pictured in the investigations of the Federal  Trade Commission and before Congressional  committees as a combination in control of food  products, are to be haled before the federal courts  bv special prosecutors."  I "All United States attorneys were instructed to  ! ferret out food hoarders and libel them under lhe  'federal law.  "This is the niost important business'bei ore lhe  country todav," ���������������������������announced the Attorney-General,  "and I propose to have the law enforcement machinery of the government sidetrack everything  to this job."  Another major development ol the day was llie  making public of the Federal Trade Commission's report oii the shoe industry. invesligation.  This report charged that the high price of shoes  resulted from excessive profits taken by every  factor in thc trade. Thc packers, tanners. innnu:.  facturers and retailers all shared in the blame.  Testifving before the Senate commillcc investigating living conditions in Ihe Districl of Columbia, Thomas E. Wilson. President of Wilson &  Co.. and cliarman of lhc Institute of American j  Meal Packers, declared lhat thc packers were nol  profiteering. The high cost of living, he told the  committee, was a world problem and nol local.  "The world is on a holiday, and people are  spending money like drunken sailors, without  producing," he added.  HOW   LIQUOR   INQUIRY   FELL   DOWN  THURSDAY. AUGUST 14. 1919  - WHEN   THAT   RRIDGE   WORK?  Three months or more ago the road engineers  of llie Okanagan on a visit to Knderby definitely  promised thai the incline log bridge over Cooke's  Creek. Mabel Lake Valley, was to bc-rcbuilt this  summer. Tlie promise was also given that the  wreck of a bridge at Enderby was to bc replaced  bv one of safety.  "The season of" 1919 is drawing to a close, and  neither of these definite promises have been carried out; nor has any.allempl heen made to carry  Ihem oul. New bridges at both these points are  badlv needed.0  Trallic over lhe Mabel Lake road this season  has been unusually heavy, and'these bridges are  nol really safe, 'fhe old corduroy bridges near  ifhi.icl. now wrecks' of what they used, to be���������������������������  and Ihev always were bad enough���������������������������are a disgrace  and a menace to trallic. These, loo, should be  lorn oul. A few loads of gravel from the riverbed, close lo lhe road- spread over thc roadway  where the old corduroys now lmn'g# would soon  make a big improvement. There is scarcely a  trunk road in llu--Okanagan today that has as  much hauling over il as the road lo Mabel Lake.  The lumber camps are demanding more, and the  sclllers of'the valley arc doing a greater amount  i.-f dv-velopiiK-nl work lhan ever before. Thc dis-  Iricl "is cnlilled to more consideration than is'  given" il. . ,-        .'."''  REMEDY   FOR   FOREST   FJR&S    ;  Tlie provincial and Dominion governments are  co-operating wilh lhc lumber companies operat-  ��������������������������� ing in Ri-ilish Columbia in an cll'ort to keep down  ihe rava'X".s-of forest lires. which annually get  inlo limbered bells and destroy millions of feet  of valuable standing limber. Firc rangers arc  employed to keep a strict lookout 'for fires and  lo light any blaze caught in its ineipjency.  Tliis vear these fire wardens havc foeen kept  uuusuallv- busy in tliis districl. Some havc had  I'- worlVnenrlv night and day to cope with eon-  dilions forced ^upon them.  Larue numbers of men arc now employed to  assist in fighting the fires. Several fires will foe  slarled in widely separated localities at afoout tfoe  same lime, and" il is next lo impossible to meet  the ever increasing demand I'or men.  Manv of lhe forest fires arc unquestionably  slarled bv lightning. Bul. we regret to say, many  which-occur wilh marked regularity in certain  localities are a.s certainly the result of criminal  carelessness, or are deliberately set. Jbere is  .....,.;. ,-. ,. s(���������������������������.,.���������������������������{ service men in connection with  these forest fires- Safety of the timber foelt requires slerner measures in dealing with the profo-  !..mi. :��������������������������� iif- an- fremiently started by electrical  =-s-t o i-m s-H m Ks u e! l-s t o rm s Vi i-G-=n o t=,rcsponsible=.f oj\  lhc fires which are now burning in the timber  limits in Maliel  Lake Valley.  MAKING   GOOD   TIMES  Wc waul to lalk in tliis thrift campaign lo the  man who earns -'p/"> a month jusl as-much as to  Ihe man who earns s'iOO a month. You may say  lhat what you save would not help you or Canada very niuch. Thai is a mistake. If you saved  s:i.,"i() a 'monlh on your */."> wage, and everybody  would <lo the siimc in proportion. Canada would  save over $ in.UOO.nnn a year. Tlie Dominion sta-  lislics ollice gels ils ligures for this from census  relurns. 11 says lhal lhc hit nine of the wage and  .:.il:ii'������������������' earner'in Canada is s.SXI.'JHIt.oOO a year.  This i.s nol including lhc income of the man with  monev invested, bul tin- actual earnings of the  workers. If every one of us earning salary or  wages gol Ihe good habit ol' putting aside five  ccids in everv dollar, inst as il wc. never had it.  and invested' iI in Ihril't stamps and W.S.S. we  ,..-..,!,! ra!���������������������������������������������������������������������������������'��������������������������� S-" IM.flOO.OOO in onc year and never  miss il- The'countrv would pay interest on that  ���������������������������imoiint lo J?! ,080.000 a vear. and wc should have  that much more money added lo wages and sal-  ���������������������������M-i<-s ' '' ''���������������������������'��������������������������� e:"'*"'rs of Canada, instead of going  U> swell Ihe dividends-of'rich foreign bondholdj  ers That is if wc pul aside for one year only:.*  ner cenl. If -some did belter lhc results would  be belter Everv dollar in interest paid to ourselves not onlv makes us that much richer, but  is lurm-d over and over again a score of times  and benefits trade and each one of us indirectly.  Good times will lie all lhc time when wc learn  to save.    Buy thrift stamps.    Save lor Canada-  II is estimated thai every six weeks the British  government spends as much as sufliccd for twelve  months before the war. Great Britain is now  spending .^2.000.000 a day.  The announcement has been made in Victoria  that the Clement liquor inquiry will not be resumed. Early in the present year Mr. Muslice  Clement, of the British Columbia Supreme Court.  was commissioned by the provincial government  to make a full inquiry into the illegal importation of liquor into British Columbia, which had  been going on for some time and which came lo  light over the exposure of thc misconduct-of thc  former prohibition commissioner, W. C. Findlay.  Just when the Clement probe was gelling extremely interesting in the direction of indicating  some of the confederates of Findlay in his carload operations Chief Justice Hunter issued a writ  of prohibition, holding that the inquiry was illegal.  Attorney-General Farris promised to secure a special sitting of the Court of Appeals lo sit on the  Hunter dictum, biit on one excuse or another  nothing was done in this direction. The Court  of Appeal met in regular spring session in April  and finally handed down a judgment quashing  the Hunter injunction. Thc latter had served the  purpose, however, because the delay of several  months gave all and sundry lots of chance to  either destroy evidence or get out of the province.  After thc Court of Appeal had dealt with the  matter some of the prohibition leaders started lo  agitate for a resumption of thc Clement inquiry.  Their efforts failed to get-any response at Victoria. Attorney-General Farris wcnl away to  England a few'weeks ago and will bc away for  some time. Justice Clement has left for his summer vacation and Premier Oliver i.s credited with  saying that to continue the inquiry now would  serve'no good purpose. This view is generally  held. Findlay is serving two ycars ih the penitentiary and the liquor he imported illegally has  probablv been consumed long ago.���������������������������Toronto Saturday Night.  HIGH PWCES jn ENGLANP  - The anti-profiVcering agitation in-England has  had a dramatic sequel. On Tuesday of last week  the select committee of the House of Commons  appointed by the government started its enquiry  into excessive'prices, their cause and cure.  Food Controller Roberts gave evidence lo the  effect that no profiteering existed in controlled  foods, such as meats and milk, but the conclusion to foe drawn from his statements is that all  essential food for the working classes should be  controlled.  He, as a responsible minister, indicated the possibility of co-operation between British, Canadian  awl' other overseas governments to encourage  se|f-containment in tbe matter of supplies.  The committee was preparing to hear oilier  evidence on Wednesday, when Sir Auckland  Gcddes, president of the Board of Trade, swooped  down UPon the committee and in effect torpedoed  it when foe announced that-a-government bill will  foe introduced in the Commons immediately for  passage before Parliament rises ncxt week, to  establish "local tribunals"- representing trade  unions, co-operative societies, local trading associations and consumers, to hear complaints o[  "unreasonable "'profitl"'=by~rctailcrs. "        ~   ~  These tribunals will be set up in all localities  and will be empowered to impose fines up lo  $100. It is also proposed, said Sir Auckland. lo_  establish a central tribunal in the City of London  under a judicial head, where appeals may do  heard. This bodv will have powcr lo mllicl  prison sentences wherc the offences are proved lo  bc of a serious character.  WHV NOT  A  TELEPHONE  LINE?  vToo long havc the settlers of Mabel Lake Valley,  and thc lumber company and limber men operating there, waited for some action on Ihe par  of lhc government in response lo lhe repeated  pctilions which have been forwarded I" Ollawa  asking for the extension of the governmcnl long  distance telephone line from Enderby to Mnbc  I akc. The output from Mabel Lake Valley and  its great possibilities demand heller Irenlmenl  (hai? is given it bv either the provincial or nonunion authorities. Telephone connections with  Mabel Lake, with easy access to the line Irom  Trinity Valley, would mean the saving ol thousands of dollars every season in dealing with fire-  fighting alone-  BURNING UP MONEY  Much of this talk about the high cost of living  is needed. Much of.it is not. Did you ever slop  to consider the amount of money turned up  everv dav���������������������������and especially every Sunday���������������������������in a.ilo-  mob'iling alone? Gasolene runs into money I. st  at 40 and 50 cents a gallon. The cost, per n lc  is not so great; but it isn't the cost per ;.milc 1 hat  counts. It's thc number of miles. lhere s he  rub There never was a time in lhc world s history when so" much money was be ng burned up  as now-except, of course when the /\to��������������������������� < n .1  their enemies were blowing it away in Lut ope.  The engineer approached the  .boss on the matter of a "raise"  anil a six-hour day, claiming he  fell entitled to it, having worked  all thc preceding years of stress.  With an" expression of surprise, the boss turned and faced  him;-then, without answering he-  reached for a pencil, and with  an air of confidence, in his man's  good sense and honesty, he began:  "You know the year has 365  days, don't you?"  Engineer" (slowly):   "Yes."  Boss: "You sleep-eight hours  a dav; that makes 121 days a  year?"    *:  Engineer:   "Yes."  Boss: "Taking 121 days off  ;U55 leaves 21-1 days, you understand?" ; -. . -  Engineer:   "Yes."      * '-".:  Boss: "You have eight hours  free lime each day, or 121 days  a vear; laking IJia'l olf 211 days  leaves 12'1 days?"  Engineer:  "Yes."  Boss: "Now you have 52 Sun-  da vs oil*; lhat leaves you0 71  daVs?"  I" "���������������������������������������������      ��������������������������� I. ��������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������������������������* *y  ���������������������������jigineer:      i-c-s.  Boss: "And 52 Saturdays of  half a day each, or 20 days from  71 leaves -15 days?"  Migineer:     Ve-e-s.  Boss: "You lake an hour or'<  more for lunch daily, makingS>  ,'iO days a year, or leaving you j ^  15 days out of thc 45 days?"      U  Engineer:   "Y-e-c-c-s."  ' Boss:' "You" gel   two   weeks'  vacation    every    year;     taking jMail  those oil' the 15 days leaves onc \  dav;  on   the First of July you  don't work.    Now can you tell  me why vou expect a raise?"  Engineer (dazedly): "1 haven't  bcen working at all."  Boss:   "Ccrtainlv not!"  ^~*B S^^S M        "V  Splendid S  to make your selections from  i  ^ Here are a few of the many lines we carry "'in the very best cpialiUcs procurable today.  Please state whal >  S   ��������������������������� ���������������������������       * size you require.   "We prepay postage on these lines. \  SILK HOLEPROOF HOSE FOR  LADIES  \ Price, $1.65 paiv  Ivo   need   to   mention" the   genuine  Equality of this popular Hose.  Wears  $\vcll.   Lasts longer.   Colors in stock  are Black, also White.  \ ���������������������������All Sizes���������������������������  ���������������������������*-  i  s  \  <..  I. Price, 65c pair  J A verv tine quality Silk I.isle Hose;  textrii' strength in heels and toe:  Jwidc elastic tops. Colors: Mud  ',0rcv. Chocolate, While and Ulack.  >      ' ���������������������������Ml Sizes���������������������������      ���������������������������  LISLE HOSE FOR LADIES  VENUS PURE SILK HOSE  FOE   LADIES V...  Price, $2.50 pair  Venus Silk Stockings are made of  the iinest iv.aieriisl.s_ il is possible to  hiiv. wiih the mosl painstaking care  in the making and finishing. Best  Silk   Hose   for   wean      Shades   o  Nigger  Brown,   Palm  Xa'vy, While, and lilac  ���������������������������All  Sizes  Beach,  Sand,  CASHMERE    HOSE  LADIES  Price, S?l-00 pair  FOR  <Ladies All Wool Hlack Cashmere  ���������������������������-Hose. Not hcavv, but medium  Sveight.     I'asl   Colors.     Fashioned  ;.lc������������������.  Double toes ami heels.  ���������������������������All  i/.cs-  SPECIAL WEEK'S OFFER IN  CHILDREN'S  HOSE  i,()()() Pairs  Sizes "Hi To 10  l-'nr Ciirls and I Soys. Slrong Collon  Hibbcd Hose, in a line lini.sh. Medium heavy weight. Double toes and  heels. Fast. (ioud appearance,  iilack.    V.'orih  ")(lc and  lidc pair.  SPl-ICIAL, .'i  pairs  I'or SI.25  Anv Size Prepaid  FIKST' FALL  SHIPMENT   OF^  BED SHEETING \  (it! inches wide.  72 inches wide.  Price    75c>  Price. ..-....   85r.s  80 inches wide.    Price. ..... * SI .0(1?  Strong as thc very best of Cotton.<  Close,  even warp.    No  extra load  ing.  weai  Wilf stand the very hardest oil*  ��������������������������� '        ..'.���������������������������'**'. >  (���������������������������    _____  ���������������������������>   :      s  HGRROCKSES   FLANNEL    l  These .'Fabrics are almost improc.ur-)  able lodav. Purchased by us eigh-^  teen months ago. Wc give you lo--,  day's value and our Special Lcon-^  uniy Price. r \  New 'Stripes'. \  WW in. wide. Worth !l."ic, I'or 7.>c yd.S  ;{(') in. wide. Worth SI.la, I'or 8")c yd.:  Plain  While:  H.'< in. wide. Worth  SJic, for (mc. yd.'->  \  Mail All Orders Inlo Our MailC  Order Dept. II, }'  ')   <  I  The Hudson's Bay Company  til Order Department H. VERNON, IJ. C. vt    British Columbia Interior Store  r���������������������������* 1* ������������������*^    .    ~    .1        /"*^...������������������*l..^..l I      ��������������������������� /i/iikrf\        ^Wl j \       ^k        11 ill   3������������������  Farmers arc advised not to  Iced too much bracken to livestock. This weed grows abundantly in coastal districts along  with limolhv. and is not recommended as food. o     j  Palace Livery  Ed. Sparrow, Prop-  Canadian Food .Conlrol License No. 8-21018.  C. F. B. License No. 9-3409  II" vou want a good driver, we  have* it. All kinds of light and  heavy (having. Team work of  all kinds. 'Harness repaired.  Vernon Road  Enderby  If you havent tried our hams  and bacon you have not tried  thebeftt  GEO. 11. SttAiir'E  Wholesale and Retail Butcher  Enderby  THIS WEEK  The bes.t of everything that a  real Jewellery Store carries is to  he had from our stock . Everything carries a double guarantee.  And the big point in our favor  is that we sell for less, on account of us selling at catalogue  prices. And we have the goods'  in sleek.   No waiting.  C.J. WHITEN  MANUFACTURING JEWELLER."       -   WATCHMAKER.-  Vernon, li. C.  ENGRAVER  MARKETING   1919   WHEAT   CHOP  ittrcrererere^mpg^  In our lust issue, under the caption. "Wheat  Prices," we advocated government control in the  disposal of the 1919 wheat crop. On July 30 tlie  government, announced its_ policy regarding this  years wheat.crop, the main features of which arc:"  7 T _ . .       V  q First���������������������������A board lo buy and market thc crop'  of H)l<). - (.   * .**  Second���������������������������A cash payment on account to be  made to the farmer at the time he sells his  wheal. -  Third���������������������������The wheal crop of Canada to be sold  by the board al thc prevailing world prices, aud  llie sin plus proceeds, after expenses are deducted, to be distributed to the original sellers  of the wheat in proportion lo grade and quantity. - '    ���������������������������     *  Fourth���������������������������No speculation on exchanges, or profiteering bv handlers, to be allowed in. disposing of. the wheat crop of J9J9 to the disadvantage of either producer or consumer.  Fifth���������������������������A direct and immediate cash sale by.  the farmer, and ..a speedy movement ofjthej  crop along thc usual channels of transport.'      j  The  personnel  of  the board will be .made'  known very shortly, as also will the initial cash  payment to bc made on account to the farmer j  al *the lima of the sale of the wheat. \ ."  This should prove satisfactory, provided tbe|  personnel of thc board is right and the initial  cash pavment sufficiently large so that farmers  will not be undulv handicapped for lack of Hinds  from thc lime thc wheat is taken over till the  final-sellleniGnlVs^niadc^and^also^RrjnJilecUtJie,,  whole scheme is not overloaded with red tape  and unnecessary costs.  Onc difficulty of the Plan, no matter how well  il i.s handled/is the question of financing the  manv farmers who have light crops this year and  who'will require the full use of every dollar to  assist in seeding next spring. It can scarcely be  expected that a final selllement will be made in  lime I'or seeding operations, and not knowing  what the balance is lo bc farmers cannot look lor  lhe same bank accommodation as thcy could  ri������������������hll'iillv expeel if able lo slate definitely the  amount 'coining lo Ihem from thc government  This lea lure onlv emphasizes thc need ot selling ihe initial pavment as high as possible. It  nisi) is an argumenl in favor of a fixed price.  There lias been a feeling amongst tanners that  lhe iiovernnienl seemed indisposed to make anv  decided move so long as thc Price of wheat would  remain under (he United States guaranteed price;  be thai a fact or not. it happened when prospects  of an advance appeared and farmers stood to  win;   Ihen   Uic  government  decided  action   was  necessary. ' , ,       ...   ,  We ccrtainlv feci that under present unsettled  eondilions the action taken by the government.  if wiselv operated, will be in the common interest of both producer and consumer, and we look  with a good deal of confidence to see the government carrv out the new plan in a satisfactory  manner���������������������������Farm and Ranch Review.  In his half-vcarlv financial statement, submitted  to thc-Cilv Council at their last meeting by-City  Clerk Rosoman. it is shown that revenue collections for lhe first six months ot 1919 exceed'  those of previous years and nearly equal the total  collections for ordinary years It would appear  from this lhal money i.s not so "tight" as has been  reported anil that Enderby's financial position is  excellent. ......   - .  ���������������������������    -���������������������������  '  V  Tf-tt  j  1*4  From June 13th  No. 1,60c lb No. 2, 58c lb  Butter Fat  al   any   shipping point in  lhc   Okanagan   Valley.  A Farmers' Company. Financially sound. Payments for Cream made monthly. Deliver can to  the railway  company  for dispatch to  Kelowna Creamery, kt4.  Empty cans promptly returned.  Is your subscription to the      *p  Commoner paid in advance THURSDAY, AUGUST 11, 1919  OKANAGAN COMMONER  5  S  i  t  Everyone to His Job  Papa: "See the spider, my boy,  spinning his web. I.s it nol wonderful? Do you rcfl|Ct that, try  as he mav, no man could spin  lhat web?"  Johnny:, "What of if? " See mc  spin lhis lop! Do^ you reflect  that, try as hc may, no spider  could spin this top?"  ^ C. SKALING, E. A.  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  INSURANCE ,  Bell Blk. Enderby, B.C.  The Control  Destruction of Weeds  By G. 13. B., Department of Agronomy, U. B. C.  Thc control anil destruction  of weeds is one of the most important problems on thc farm.  It is not wilhin the scope of a  short article to enumerate the  various dangers and ill effects  or the decrease ih yields and  profits which arc the inevitable  results where weeds arc allowed  lo run wild. Suffice il to >a\y  i that farms over-run by weeds  have been, in some instances,  abandoned in despair. Jt is considerably more expensive lo  fight the weeds in the" growing  crops lhan lo eradicate the same  during the fall work. Il necessitates an undue amouni of hard  hand work, making any farming  operation a poor commercial  proposition. Start while the  weeds are young, yes, when lhcy  still are sprouting seeds. Nip  Ihem in the hud. fight Ihem  when their vitality is low.  Clover   sod    is   an    excel len I  forerunner  lo  nexl year's hocdjlial and should  be followed  by  repealed surface cultivation.  The  good   work   of"  previous  j by. Thc 'plane went nose-on at  | the automobile and executed a  j somersault, wrecking* it almost  j completely. Fortunately the avi-  jalor escaped with only a few  ;'bruises, but drenched with gaso-  ! lene. which would have been dis  the sod. anil the decomposition j astrous had the wreck laken lire  of  the latter is hastened.     The   while he was crawling from be-  AJRMSTRONG TO EXHIBIT  Determination to Have District  Exhibit at New Westminster  Pleases Exhibition Management  A N  ew  nealh. it."  "The automobile .;was almost  a total wreck.    A woman occu-  . pant oiVhc car, in scurrying' lo  safety, was grazed bv one of lhc  ground is left intact until such  time when the" sod may be  worked safely, which generally  lakes from a fortnight to three  weeks. Subsequent discing, bar-  r'owing.and rolling will establish j wings of the 'plane, but-was not*  a line, mellow seed bed.    "Bul! hurl. Had the "plane nol crashed .  _ _._���������������������������...^  that   makes   the   weeds   grow."' into the automobile there would   prise.    Situated in the" iicarf of  True; and  thai is jusl what is  wanted.    By   repeated   discing,  Westminster dispatch  in lhe Vancouver ������������������������������������������������������"Province"  says: The."districts of Richmond,  Chilliwack ana" Armstrong arc  lining up to have a district exhibit on hand for lhe provincial  exhibition lhis year.  Armstrong's "determination' to  exhibit i.s anolher welcome sur-  havc been some casualties lo re- J die '.'kanagan, that district has  ���������������������������.  port, as a I least a dozen persons jndvanlages'   in   production   en-  h.arrowing a'nd rolling al inter- were in Us path, and travelling   joyed Jo lhc same extent bv few  vals lhe young weed seedlings  are killed as fast a.s they appear.  The second plowing ��������������������������� lap-furrow���������������������������to a depth of five lo seven  inches or more just before frost  sets in,.terminates the fall work.  Stubble may be handled in  somewhal similar manner. As  soon as lhe harvest i.s over the  land should bc plowed lo i  depth of lhree lo four inches.  If lime does nol permit of plowing,   thorough  discing is cssen-  at such a sliced,and such a low j olhersT fhis display promises  altitude il would have been a to be one of the besl, and mav  miracle    ������������������������������������������������������-���������������������������-������������������������������������������������������  hit  The  districts   heard   from -to  dale whicb will exhibit are: Sin  .���������������������������le  il   some bad   not  been] well  give  Langley a stiff fight  'Ihe owner is salvaging the   for lhe coveted Dcwar shield.  plane lor shipment back to lhe         Coasl.  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35. K. of P.  Meets 2nd ft 4th   Monday eve  in Masonic Hall.    ViSltort'cor-  dially invited to attend.  ci:o. i< sharpi:c.,c  H. M. WALKER. K. it: S  U. J. COLTART. M.P.  crops,  such  as  corn,  roots,  potatoes, tomatoes and other vege-       -._   .-,    ,-_   tables. Thc besl method lo autumn should be continued in  handle the land is lo plow it in Ihe spring as soon as thc land  two different stages; the first is fit for implements. A couple  plowing ��������������������������� breaking furrow���������������������������'of harrowings and discings at  should be done sometime during intervals before the time of  July or August and lo a depth [seeding will destroy othcr gen-  of not more than three to four! orations of weeds. Use broad  inches- The soil at Ihis time is cutting - implements running  generally hard aud dry, and lor.horizonlallv in -the ground al  this very reason it is advisable1 the lime the'weeds are small-  to follow thc plow wilh lhe-This is the cheapest and most  Packer, roller or the disc. The .effective method at all times,  object of the'discing is not lol Tenacity, perseverance" and  tear up the sod, but rather tojpatieffcc arc the main forces in  firm the land. On lhis account! the conquest jof weeds, and if  the disc should not be set lo cut, I we figbl them with the same  but  should  be "run   lengthways bulldog spirit which "thc boys"  "Hoy and Hall bolh passed  over Nelson during the noon  hour. One machine led by about  fifteen minutes, ll Hew by way  of Grand Forks and Salmo and  then north above lhe Greal  Northern tracks pasl Ymir and  down lhe Cottonwood Valley lo  Nelson- A.s- Lieut. Hall passed  over Grand Forks while Capt.  Hoy was filling bis gasolene  tank, it is believed thai the machine in the lead was Hall's.  "The second 'plane, which  passed over thc city al about  12.30 o'clock had apparently followed the Columbia and Kootc-  nav  rcy, Bichmond, Armstrong, Co-  niox-Courlenay, Langley, Maple  Midge, Mission. Kent, Kamloops.  I'.evclsloke, Kelowna, Chilliwack. Burquitlam, Matsqui-Su-  mas and Pcnliclon.  The Imperial Secret Service works as  silently and as surely as fate. Its  eyes never close, and they pierce to  the very hearts of our country's enemies. One of the greatest pieces of  detective work in mrdern history was  the disclosure oi* the nefarious intrigue  in which Bolo Pasha, Joseph Caillaux, his beautiful wife' and  their associates plotted to betray France to the Kaiser. Yet  this is only one of the thrilling eoisodes in the powerful photo-  drama. "THE CAILLAUX CASE," which comes to the  Enderby Theatre, Saturday. August 16th.     35c ancl 15c.  with the furrow.   Bv'such treat  ment close connection is established between  the subsoil and  -S. H. SPCEKS  \V M.  A.R&A.M.  Enderby bodge . No. 40  Regular meetings . flrat  Thursday .on or a'fter the  full moon at 8 p. m.in Masonic Hall. ��������������������������� ��������������������������� Visiting  brethren cordially invited  C. H. aEEVfs  Secreturv  NOTICE TO CREDITORS  In   the   matter   <>r   thc    Estate  -    .hunt's Wood, deceased.  .  of  NOTICE i.s hereby given that all  persons having claiinsupon the estate of tlie late .lames Wood, who  died on lhe 7lh day of-May, A. D.  191!������������������, are required to send io A. C.  v Skaling, solicitor for the executors.  - Ann Priscilla Wood arid John'  Charles Metcalfr.oon or before the"  2nd-(h<v of September, A. l>.',t"OI9;  - a full statement of;'-their., claims,  and of any .seciiritvheld by them,  duly vbrilicd by allidavit, and. that  after that' datejthc executors will  proceed to distribute, the assets of  Ihe deceased among the parties entitled thereto, having .regard only  for the claims that havc been duty  tiled willrthem: and all debts due  to the said deceased are to be paid  to the undersigned.     -    -  Dated ai Enderbv, R.C., this 28tt>  dav of Julv, A. D. 1919. ' 0  A. C. SKAMXG,  Solicitor for the Executoni.-  displaycd in France success'and  a tolerable peace will . be our  reward.;  TAXES   INCREASED  Two and a Halt Times Greater  TKan  They  Were  in  1917  which the return is'bcing made.  This is a still' rise in taxation-  In 1017 lhe exemption for this  class was $3,000, and the taxation rale 4 per cent.;-in 1918  thc cxcmntion.was the same and  the rate 6 percent. This year,  however, thc exemption is lowered and the rale increased to  two and one-half times what il  was in 1917. ~  Mackenzie King Leader  Hon. NY. L. Mackenzie King.  Minisler'of Labor in thc. Laurier  ministry, is the new Liberal  leader. 1 le was elected last week  at the Dominion Liberal convention, niter several ballots. Mr.  King, who had the almost solid  ,,        .. ,,       ..      ,.      .support   of   the  Quebec contin-  vallcvs Irom   the direction jgcIllt   ,Cl,   JVom ^hc   first     His  oi (.rand Forks.  Capt. Hoy newjcllic|- opi,oncnl wus H()I1> w. S.  Fielding, who suffered because  of his Unionist alliliations,  though he commanded the sup  due each from Grand Forks, and  was seen to cross the Cascade  Mountains."' _  NEW  GAME REGULATIONS  Bounty on Cougars and Wolves  Increased���������������������������Ten Cents Bounty  on Crows ��������������������������� Shooting Season  Dates.  g-ic3ryj@������������������  HQNPSTV  There are lots of honest people m  '.he world. If you have lost something perhaps an honorable person-  found it.  ^^This-is ari honest paper an<$ tronest-  people read it.  Tell them about your loss in our  Classified Want Ads.  l������������������H irsm  IN   SERIOUS   CRASH  Aviator Hall Comes to Grief in  His, Coast-to-Calgary Flight  Amendments to the-Income  War Tax act, 1917, made tl ii r-  ing July, havc now becn embodied in pamphlet form. Thc  changes are many and indicate  that the government is putting  on more pressure to raise mmvv  to pay for Ihe expenses of the  war. By thc amendments, thc  larger incomes arc hil more  heavily than under Ihe conditions by which the 1918 tax is" ���������������������������" ���������������������������: '      ���������������������������  now being collected. All who witnessed thc line cx-  The 19111 tax rate will be 4 hibilinn'givun by Lieut. Hall al  per cent, upon all incomes cxr Vernon's peace celebration last  eecding .$1,000, but not exceed- \\:cek will regret.to learn oflhe  ing !}>6,000Vin the case of un- destructive crash. his-niHchine  married persons and widows o: got into al Creslbn, on his Coast-  widowers without dependent lo-Calgary - tlight. Lieut. Hall  children and persons who are left Penticton about the same  not"supporting dependent broth- time Capt. Hoy left on his flight  ers or, sisters under the age of from Vernon^to Calgary, thc in-  cighteen. or a dependent parent ten lion being to, make a race out  or parents, or grandparents; and of thc Coast-to-Calgary flight,  exceeding .$2,000 bul nol exceed-1 At Creston, however, Aviator  ing $6,000 in the case" of. all,HaU'had to drop oul of the race,  other persons, tight per ccnl./and Capt. Hoy had it all bis own  will be charged upon all incomes wav, making? the air voyage  exceeding $6,000. '   " jfrom Vernon to Calgary in six-  Jn addition  to these changes icen hours actual Hying time,  there is a surtax running from      A   Creston   correspondent, to  \ per cent, upon the amount by ihe Nelson ''News" says:  game  birds  which the income exceeds $5,  '000 and docs not exceed $6,000.  UP to 65 per ccnl. upon the  amount bv which the income exceeds $11000,000. The surtax  covers every*��������������������������� income between  the excess of $5,000 and up to  $1,000,000. The tax oh incomes  of more than $50,000, for instance, is 24 per cent.  Corporations and /joint stock  companies, no matter how create^ or organized, will be taxci!  Aviator Hall's- Coast-to-Calgary flight came lo a sudden ahd  disastrous stop.- Finding his engine running short of gasolene  he was compelled to make a  landing in a hay field near thc  mill of the Canyon City Lumber  Company, his first slop sinco  leaving Midway. More than an  hour was taken getting on the  cargo of gasolene and oil, quite  a gathering of spectators Icnd-  hclpiiig hand at the work  ing .a  JO-per cent, during 1919, upon Immediately the power was  incomes exceeding $2,000. Any turned on.to resume the journey  corporation or joint slock com- engine trouble developed. rJhe  panvHhe-riscaUvcai^of^\vhichJs^plaiic^<li������������������l=uoLj:isQ=jnorc_than  not' the calendar year, shall six feet, and with powcr gen-  make a rcturiT and have thc laxlcraling at the rate of about fifty  pavable bv it computed upon i miles an hour, then it started to  itshicomc'for its fiscal year end-  descend, plunging inlo an auto-  for mobile which was standing close  Of particular interest lo big  game hunters arc the special regulations recently passed by thc  provincial government, which  prohibit the,trapping of bear  south ol" the inain Canadian Pacific-Railway line, and permit an  open season of Iwo weeks in the  East Kootenay for wapiti. This  is thc.first time thc ban bas bcen  lifted for"a considerable number  of ycars. There is no open season, for beaver in any part of  lhc Province. In Ihe revised regulations lhc total bag limit of  game birds I'or lhc season, a.s  well as thc. maximum I'or any  one day, has bcen fixed as indicated'below-  Included in thc provisions < of  .tbe_ord.er--in-councU prescribing  the: game regulations for���������������������������the  coming season arc clauses increasing the bounty oh cougars  from" $15 lo $25 and on wolves  from $10 to' $15: A bounty of  10 cents has also been placed  on crows.  "      D  The seasons  for  were fixed as follows:  Ducks, snipe, plover (except  wood and cider duck)���������������������������Northern district, Sept. 13 lo Dec. 31;  eastern. Sept. 6 lo Dec. 20; western, norlh of 51st parallel, Sept.  13 to Pec. 17; western, south of  51st,parallel, Oct. 18 to Jan. 31,  1920.  Geese and brandt���������������������������^Northern,  Sept. 13 to Pec. 27; eastern,  Sept." 6 to JDcc. 20; western-,  north of 51st parallel. Sept- 13  lo Pec. 27; south of'51st parallel,  Nov. 15 to Feb. 28, 1920.  _ Grouse ��������������������������� Northern (ptarni-  gan), Sept.13 to Dec. 31; northern (blue, willow, franklin),  north of 51st parallel, Sept. 13  lo Nov. 13; northern, soulh of  51th parallel (blue, willow,  franklin), Sept. 6 to 21; eastern  (all kinds), Sept. 6 to 21; western (blue), except in Delia electoral districts. Sept. 13 to 28;  wc.slcrn-^( willow)^���������������������������cxccpt=��������������������������� in  Delta and inland electoral districts, Sept. 13 to 28. ..  Prairie chicken���������������������������Eastern district in Kamloops electoral district, Sept- 21 lo 28.  Pheasants ��������������������������� Eastern (cocks  onlv). in Similkameen electoral  district, Oct. 27 to Nov. 8; South  Okanaga~h electoral district, Ocl.  27 lo Nov. 1; western, except  Albcrni and Com ox electoral  districts (cocks only). Oci. lb  to Nov. 23, (hens only), Iwo in  one day, Nov. 17 lo 23.  Quail ��������������������������� Eastern.' in Similkameen and Soulh Okanagan electoral districts. Ocl. 27 lo Nov. <S;  western, in Cowicban, Esquimau and Saanich electoral districts, Oct. 18 to Nov. 2; western, in Delta and Saanich dec-,  toral districts, Nov. 21 to 23.  Bug limits���������������������������Ducks, 20 in one!  day, 150 for season; geese and:  brant.  10  each   in 'one  day,  501  each for season;  grouse, 6   (ofj  ione spceies i.r 12 of all species)  port of the older delegates, and  is understood lo have been favored by the eight provincial  premiers. The othcr two candidates. Hon. (Jeorgc P- Graham  and D. D. McKenzie, were ut the  bottom of the list in-thc first two  ballots.  Are you ^oing* to do any  Building- of Repairing-  This Season ?  Revelstoke-Okanagan   Road  f *   "  The provincial government is  calling for tenders for constructing the road west of Revelstoke  which will connect up that city  with Okanagan points. Twelve  miles of-survey work has already becn accomplished. There  remains a- lurlhcr five- miles  to bc surveyed before Taft- is  reached. When the contract has  been awarded the work will bc  pushed forward wilh as little  delay as possible, in order that  the road may bc, opened" up at  the earliest- possible dale.      ���������������������������   *  THE FOLLOWING. ARE GOOD VALUES  No. 4 Ceiling, Flooring and Siding. .$20.00 per M  No. 2 Dimension, 2x4-and 2.\6 $25.00 per M  16-inch Slab Green'Wood  ......$2.50 per load  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd.  ENDERBY  JM  >(0  0  Prairie farmers can't-gel sugar  lo preserve our cherries; looks".  as if there's plenty.of rooni;l'piv  more refineries if a llirce weeks'  strike climinalcs-stock on hand.  - Buy Enderby Bakery bread: it  will save a lot..of worry.-        \-j'  y " " " ���������������������������*��������������������������� ," " " w " '   "-1     "    -"- .-WN���������������������������  f do You Wa nt Someth ing  s/-7r   Electrical  ��������������������������� -  . . ��������������������������� . ^ -   ,        u  ���������������������������Js'and cannol get it in.townJJ-'wrifc, wire oivphone lb  Th& Okanagan Electric t  ti  r  <-'!.  y-y..-.-,-.-^���������������������������_..-.   ->-.-.   -.-.-Vernon'.-' --   '      .   -  '*  ;-   Wc pay,-express.to Armstrong and Endcrhy  Agents "for- Northern\-Elc"ctric;irarm   Lighting-,Plants.  II*  i  ><*>  The story:MMwtxm  Nipigqn,  During the warm summer months  _tqurists fioinjin parts of tbe world  "ina Inrth oi rrway~io-No"rthern=Ontarlor  llere they" find the climate most delightful and plenty of fish in the rivers for sport and an abundance of  wild animals for hunting. Those  especially fond of fishing usually  come to the Nipigon river which is  known far and wide tor its speckled  trout.  Tourists desiring to visit this  world famous river usually come on  tho Canadian Pacific Railway to the  village ot Nipigon, which is situated  on tho Nipigon River about three  miles from. Nipigon Day and sixty-  six miles east of Port Arthur. As  one steps off thc train at Nipigon  one sees the homes of all lhc inhabitants stretched along on cither  ������������������iide of the track. Besides the  homes of the villagers the tourist  would notice other buildings worth  mentioning. Ho would sec three  churches', a Hudson Bay store, another jfonoral merchandise store,  owned by William McKirdy and Sons,  two hotels, a restaurant ownet' by  Mr. Goodridge tind a school. The  stranger to tho village would likely  lollow a side-street to the river  and here he would find raffids in the  river. Uerause Nipigon is situated  near, this fast water, it was so  named.     .^PIGON   is  derived   from  in one day, 50 lor season; prairie! -��������������������������� 1nt^n wford *h.,c,i ���������������������������^!}1.",BI^  ...       - J ..   ��������������������������� ,i..V ���������������������������).-,   iv,..   quantities of water    beyond.      Just  chickens, (> in one day, 2,>    oi   ,[1)OV0 U]e rapIds ,he river WIdons  season; pheasants (western district), 6 in onc day, 213 I'or season, ^(eastern districl). Similkameen, 4 in onc day, 12 for sea- j  son.    (South   Okanagan),   3   in'  onc day, 12 i'or season. European  parlridcs, 6 in onc day, 18 for  season;   quail   (western),  20 in'  one. day, 100 for season,  (casl-  ern), 10 in one day. 50 I'or season.   Game may bc kept I'or two  weeks after any open season has  . expired. ,/  out into a lake, known as Lake  Helen.  As the tourist stands on the river's  hank and .surveys thc surrounding  country hc is greatly impressed by  Uie sVe and color of the rocks in  thf hills around the village. Not  only is the place noted for its  beauty, but there are many places  of hisiori.f.il interest along the  liver iifar the -village.  About a enunle of miles down the  river Irom Nioiaon is a place known  ts lied RocH. It was *o named be-  latisr of tbe steep, massive red rocks  u'liitiL form   the  right haul;  of  tho  rs from tne In-;  s who came up and down the  =river=in=*heir=eanoe8f^-Since-thosu'-=  early days Nipigon has developed]  some. Foreigners, chiefly Finland ers,;  have bought"0 up farms in Nipigon'  township from the government.  They promise to clear aud settle-  upon thc land in return for the pulp  wood on their farms. On account  of the increase of population, tha  Hudson Bay company found it  necessary to build a larger store in  which they could keep on hand ������������������  large supply of groceries and merchandise. Now they have a. big  'store opposite the C. P. R. station on  the front street. It is of interest to  know that Mr. McDonald, 6ur deputy,  minister of game and fisheries, spe.ifc  a part of his early life in the employ of the Hudson Bay company at  Nipigon. I  The country about Nipigon Is one  of vast natural resources. There is  an immense area of forest froin  which the people gi:t pulp wood,  timber and rallioad ties. The wood  Is hauled in the winter time to tho  station to be loaded on cars or to the  water's edge to be floated In a raft)  in the spring to the pulp wood boatsF  in Nipigon Hay. Most of these boats  "belong to companies In the United  States. ;  There is much beautiful hard-  rock suitable for buildings in the'  neighborhood of Nipigon. The. rock  Is drilled out and sent to where It is'  required. Many homes in the Twin'  Cities have been built from rocki  talwn from near Nipigon. j  The waters in Nipigon township  teem with fish. There is a small,  fishim; station called Port McDiarmid on Orient bay from'  whero the fish is shipped in vast  quantities to all parts of the coun-;  try. I  Recently Dr. Robinson, of Nipigon,1  offered  a  prize  for the best   history  ted^=red���������������������������on^=-the  rocks near the water is the figure  of the devil arj������������������J several canoes  carrying Indians with their paddlea  in band. Tbese pictures were painted here years' ago by. the Indians.  They painted the " picture of the  devil there because they thought the  evil spirit lived near .by. Thc differ  paintings of thc canoes* was a sign  to othcr Indians showing what tribes  had passed  that  way.   .  The Indians living around Nipigon  belong to the Ogibway tribe. It  was the flshin the waters of the  river that first drew the Indians-to  thin epot. In 'early history when  the various tribes of thc Indians  were at war with each other, thc  Iroqiioln being the better warriors,  pursued the Ogibway up the Nipigon  Ilfver into Lake Superior. 'ihe  Ogibway managed to reach thc shore  in safety. They climbed a Bleep cliff  and bravely kept' tbe enemy on the  lower ground. The clever Iroquois  landed on an island in the lake and  there dug holes in the giound in  which they Intended lo hide and  await the return of the 'Ogibway.  However, the "Ogibway saw and  understood the plans of tlie1 cpu'el  Iroquois. By means of their .bows  they shot arrows into the pit-falls  on the island and forced thc Iroquois  to leave tbeir hiding place.  Nowadays Ihe Indians living in  and around Nipigon village live . s  the white people do. The government has granted certain areas of  land to .theni. ��������������������������� These areas are  known as reservations. I^aeh year  the government grants the sum of  four dollars to each Indian. Mr. \V.  R. Brown. Indian agent, of Port  Arthur, by assiduous study of Indian  affairs, has added much to the comfort of the Red Rock band of Ogib-  ways at Nipigon.  The Hudson Bay post at Nipigon of)that village. TIip prize v.-as won  is an old one. The site first chosen j b^ a little Finnish girl, Tnltcrl  for the post at  Nipigon  was  bank of  the  river.  chosen j \>J    ,1  on  the1 IJUcjt  Hero the com- w *  cjula, whose essay is given above.  iitsft'PSsfe*"* OKANAGAN COMMONER  THURSDAY, AUGUST 14, 11)19  my  The car of  quality at a  low price.  We are convinced the  demand in Enderby and:  district will be for the  better-class car. And  we have anticipated  this demand by taking  the agency for the  popular Gray Dort. If  interested let us demonstrate to you _ the  car's superior qualities.  Jas. McMahon & Son  New Garage      Vernon Rd.  ARMSTRONG NEWS gg  Autos for Hire  Let us take your party to  Mabel Lake  The cost isn't so great  ads  Experienced in handling general  Auto repairing  All work guaranteed  Jas. McMahon & Son  Vernon Road Enderby  >co  We carry a full line of  coo!  refreshing  drinks for hot  weather such as lime, grape fruit, lemon,  orange and apple cider juices.  Order your fruit jars  now as we only  have a limited supply on hand.  Enderby  ADVANTAGES OF  FALL PLOWING  Teece & Son  Don't forget  to take some  TALCUM POWDER  FACE   CREAM  BATHING   CAPS  WATER WINGS  FILMS -  On tHat  Camping Trip  CO-OPERATING  IN  SALES  Farmers of Canada More Generally Adopting Plan of Marketing Their Livestock n  "Morc than 7,000 cars of Jive  stock were marketed co-opera-  lively  by   tlie   farmers   of  (Experimental l-'arm.s Noics)  Thc following arc .some of lhe  advantages of fall plowing in the  dry belt: In plowing under sod  or cover crops early plowing is  to be preferred, especially if Ihe  land can bc irrigated before  plowing, as this lends lo rot the  sod or cover crop and absorb  any rains lhal may Call nnd allow the nioisture.-to penetrate lo  a greater deplh lhan on nn-  plowed land. On most farms  the   manure   output   is  Miss" Jessie Swanson arrived  fin Monday last from Barons,  Alta., and will visit at her home  here.  Pic'C W. Webster, of the  47lb Battalion, who has recently  returned from overseas, is staying at the homc of Mr. Maw, on  Knob Hill.  fcr  ***  Mr. W. Con natty bas received  a 1914 Mons Star, which has  been issued by the Imperial'govern in ent for the first Imperial  arm j' in the field.  sr  ,j.  Miss A. Fraser, who has been  visiting with Miss C. Fraser, of  Armstrong for the past six  weeks, left on Monday for her  home in Vancouver.  fcr  The Right Rev. A. J. Doull,  D.Q., Lord Bishop of Kootenay,  will conduct a'confirmation service in St. James' Anglican  Church on Sunday, Aug. 17, at  7.30 p. in.  fcr  #������������������  Contractor Ferguson reports  lhat building operations are  rushing Ihis season, and he lias  several large gangs of carpenters  working in different sections of  the town. Mc has completed the  MircDonald & Co. warehouse, in  which there was over 26,000 feet  of lumber, and he expects to  have lhe Armstrong Hotel completed in the near future.  ARMSTRONG  TO  HAVE  NEW   FIRE   HALL  during the winler months, and  manure put on fall fall plowing  will .work into thc soil much  better before re-plowing in the  spring for roots or corn. On  fairly level land fall plowing  may be disced and harrowed lo  avoid loss of moisture during  the fall. On steeper land, plow  along thc slope if possible and  allow the land lo lie fairly  rough. Onc harrowing Avould  be enough. This obviates anv  tendency to wash Avhen a quick  On behalf of thc ratepayers of  Armstrong, Mayor Wright presented lo the City Council Monday evening the following resolution from the citizens' meeting  which was held last week:  ''That Ihe Cit\- Council be rein-eater iflllcsl(i,ll to lake an option on 40  fivc j run-off of rain or-snow, occurs,  provinces in Canada last year, I������������������"*i the furrow lines act as a  and this system is only com-jchcck to running water and aL  mencing. this augurs well forU������������������w it to percolate lo a" greater  thc livestock industry, which is <IcUlh quickly  entering upon a period of unprecedented development. The  world is,very short of3 its livestock needs.  Canada, according  Putting   thc   water   con lent  manure ami cover crops oul of  the question,  fall   plowing" puts  our soils (which arc apt to pack  A. REEVpS  Drugs and Stationery  Subscriptions taken for any  magazine  " "///JJ  mmmW  to ollicial statistics, has only six .badly) in much heller condition  head of cattle to every 100 acres J t������������������ be weathered, thus allowing  of land used for farming pur-l>"oistnrcand air lo break down  poses, whereas Hie United States Plant food lot the coming crop,  and Australia have eight, Italy i We are fortunate in having long,  ten, France twelve, Great Prituin 91,cn falls, and each acre plowed  and Germany sixteen, Penmark |s an aclc caught _ui> m spring  twenty-five and Holland twenty  nine head. Canada's position in  the ranks of hogs and sheep is  also very low as compared with  many other -������������������-=--   "**-- ������������������-----  o  work when everything is rush  ing.   And where spring plowing  is advisable this is helped considerably by shallow plowing in  lhe  fall, a more uniform  seed  soil  countries.  Hie hope )h(; .  ... continued prosperity in Can-,bed .being obtainable,    he  ada depends on the success of, not being so hard packed on lb  the farming industry, and it is Jsurftiee.  recognized  that livestock is at  thc   very   base   of   agricultural  ������������������    MEET ME TO-NIGHT AT  LEONARD'S MILLIARD  PARLOR  CiKar.s, CiKureili-is. file.  Pipes and Pipe Tobaccocs  Family Supply  Store  .M.MiA, 15. C.  welfare," it is stated in a lead  ing article in the July issue of  thc "Agricultural Gazette of  Canada," edited by Mr. J. ff.  Spencer, 3.S.A..C and published  monthly by the Pepartment of  Agriculture.  "The co-operating marketing  of livestock has made greatest  of Jive stock has made greatest  progress in the prairie prov-  in ces.UL=_lhe^=a rtic!e=-eon tin lies.-  "Dolled over the country from  Plowing is thc beginning of  the crop. The first- opera I ion  should be done well; good plowing makes good cultivation easy.  The eul-and-cover method is a  set-back that it is hard to overcome with the best cultivation.  Settlers from the United Slates  Show Increase  Puring   Ihe   month   of   June  there  entered   Western   Canada  f ronvrlhcHLhii lcd-=Sln les==MH>9-  persons with $1,214,000 in cash  and ejfects to the value of $110.-  ., ��������������������������� ���������������������������       ,64(5;   last   year,   1,527   persons.  n operation.   Many ot these |WU|, $804,00!) in cash and effects  associated   with   the   gruin,to  the  value of $l00.0(i<|.   The  Winnipeg to the Hockies, local  livestock   shipping   associations  arc ' ''        *" " "  arc  feet on Okanagan street, on Lot  'A. Block, 11. Map 408. from Mr.  John Phillips, at thc price.of $25  per front foot  'That the City Council be requested lo submit a bylaw to the  ratepayers for borrowing the  sum oi"��������������������������� $0,000, for the following  specific purposes: Land for fire  hull," $1,000; firc hall, $3,000;  hose and reel, $1,000; hydrants,  $1,000." -  Several ratepayers were in attendance at thc meeting to place  their views before the Council  on the question of a firc hall.  Mr. Best .'spoke on thc advisability of putting up a larger  building than was proposed.in  the resolution. The carrying out  of his proposition would entail  an additional expenditure of $-1,-  000. Mayor Wright, while in  favor of thc erection of a substantial firc hall, warned thc  delegation against the unnecessary increasing of the city's debenture debt. He also pointed  oul thai lhc proposed expenditure of $10,000 for fire protection entailed a new burden on  Ihe owners of agricultural land  within the cily limits who would  derive no benefit whatsoever  from it.  II was decided lo call another  public meeting for Monday next,  Aug. 18, in order lo give the  ratepayers an opportunity lo-  presenl lo the Council their  views on the subject.  An Eye to business  COLONIES'   INDEPENDENCE  Not To Be Feared, Is the Belief  of Viscount Milner, Secretary  of State tor the Colonies  Referring to the British commonwealth in an "address at Oxford somc days ago, Viscount  Milner, Secretary of State for  the Colonies, said J he did nol  share the fear that the independent positions of thej dominions,  India and other countries in the  League of Nations '-would tend  to disruption. If thcJcommonwealth went to "pieces the  strongest pillar, in/the league  would bc shattered/' he-declared.  We must always settle our domestic dillicultics 'among ourselves. The "British***'-commonwealth, had more to lose than  any other state by another war  and nothing to gain. To have  the full support of the Empire  our foreign policy must be  broad, simple and straightforward. ���������������������������-..���������������������������"''  Speaking of the color question  and the development of British  possessions. Lord Milner said it  was absurd to denounce this  policy us exploitation. FIc did  not say colonics and protectorates had not often been grossly  exploited by powers that possessed them or that the British  had not, in some cases,' exploited  their dependencies in the past,  but he did say, most emphatically, that their present policy  was directed in a vigorous manner to the prevention of such  abuses.  It was their duty to the inhabitants of these countries to make  belter use of flic natural resources, often immense anti almost complelely neglected) In  the process they inevitably enrich themselves, but if the material advantage derived from  their trusteeship was- unquestionable, was there not also the  moral side? He was proud to  think that, as a general rule,  men of the British race who had  been entrusted with power over  dependent races had used it well  and had striven to raise thc people entrusted to their charge.  The nation, as a whole, had  gained much from their experience and their example.  Now is the time  to order your supplies  for the Preserving Season  We have stocked heavily in al] sizes of Sealers":  E-Z, Economy, etc. - All kinds of tops available., ; Order early and avoid' being disappointed should  the supply become exhausted.  w^.jf  :*&  J__-Xm   JL_^������������������  Men's Wear Groceries    V *'V JEnderby^'B. .C.  Canadian: Food5Control  License No. 8-17170.  OC^=><'-<  >������������������������������������;  xk:,  (O  Men's  Summer Wear  I  Uncle Sam's Way  Washington, Aug. 8.���������������������������All spc7  cial agents of the Department of  Justice oyer the country Have  been ordered to assist district  attorneys in uncovering evidence ,of profiteering in food  stuffs and otherJneeessities.  Attorhey-ClclieralrPaliner's instructions were 1hat" the special  agents should drop everything  but the most pressing cases now-  pending arid;devote their entire  attention to assisting in the campaign to reduce the cost of living. The result will be to put  hundreds of trained, investigators in the search for.men who  have inflated prices exorbitantly.  Twenty-six million dollars are  invested in Canada's fishing industry and T00.1HK) people {'������������������c  engaged in it- There are 27.000  small sailboats-awl r6>y.hoats engaged awPW.fMJW/'indtor boats,  1,300 gasolene craft and 200  steam trawfers.  Men's Sporl Shirls, Balbriggan Underwear,  Wash Tics, Straw Hals, and a full line ol* W.C.&  11. Dress Shirts, Boys' Blouses, Sporl Shirls, Col-  ton Jerseys, etc: - '  Men's and Boys' Ouling Boots, wilh rubber  sole, in white, black and Ian.  Bathing Suits for Men and Boys.  Agents for 20th Century and Semi-Ready  Clothing. Prices ranging from,$25.00 up. Come  in and inspect our samples.   <-  jj  0  5  5-  | ENDERBY SUPPLY COMPANY jj  (I    I  i.  i  i '  i ���������������������������  l  i \  8;  growers' movement, but in Sns-ini,tJonality of those entering in  Ul  Having purchased Ihe Wm. Kl.s<  slock ami .slore, .am now prepared  lo supply all requirements in  family grocery supplies, dry goods  and   feed.  Send  us your orders and  gel  llie  besl  of  goods   and .'satisfaction.  knlchewan, more especially;.flinc |j,st were: British, 72,  stock marketing associations, in-'Canadian. 87; American. I.Win;  corporatcd under the Agncult- |Uissian, 15; Scandinavian. MS;  ural Associations act, are doing others. <|2. Their occupations  business on an extensive hcu|c.'won.: Farmers, 001; farm nnd  In Ontario from 200 to 250 or- other laborers, 151; mechanics,  gamzations arc shipping. ^Many,02; railroaders. 57;,, clerks, 50;  ol these organizations had their domestics, .Tl; miners.  origin in tanners chilis, while|sional. 53; women an<  other* began under the auspices 817; nol classified, 0!)  ol the United 1������������������ armors Associa-  0; profes-  chihlrcn,  X.   I'AVI.O.S,   I'roprielor.  Burroughs' Adding  lachines  -102 I  ender SI. Wesl Vancouver  Gossip mongers arc saved  many a slep by the use of the  convenient telephone.  lion. In Quebec the Chcesemak  ers' Agricultural Co-operative  Association markets all classes  of commercial livestock, while  the livestock associations handle  breeding stock. In thc provinces  further east co-operative marketing has been applied more  especially fo sheep and lambs.  It i.s fair to assume that at a  comparatively early date much  of the livestock in Canada will  be marketed by the farmers  themselves, who through the  system- will become familiar  with the .methods and principles  of marketing, and will thus be  encouraged to so improve and  linisli their animals as to reap  the lull value of their efforts."  Can Vou Beat This?  Seven years ago a farmer  ing wesl  of lhis cily hung  li v-  his  II. T. Sue Yow & Co.. of Armstrong, arc running a Ford one-  ton I ruck to Enderby twice a  week to supply the vegetable  uiiirkct. . ,  vest on a fence in Ihe barnyard.  A calf chewed up a pockel of  thc garment iu which was a  .standard gold walch:; l.asl.,\vivl<  the animal, a staid/old milch  cow, was .* butchered I'or beef,*  and the timepiece was found in  such a position between Ibc  lungs of the cow that the respiration���������������������������the closing in and lhc  filling of the lungs���������������������������kept the  stemwinder wound up, and lhc  watch had lost bul four minutes  in thc seven years.  The average Canadian cow  produces 4,000 'Pounds of milk  in a year; lhc average Danish  cow produces over 0,000 pounds.  They arc serious in their belief  in purebred sires in Denmark.  The following article appeared  in the. Vancouver "Province" on  Saturday Jast:  '.'If Canada could only see her  opportunity shc would  get rid  of prohibition at once," declared  M. T. Kindersley. f London and  New York, who arrived in Van-  ���������������������������tFWvTfr=T7if"FfidtilyJJ^" Wi tlfTrdry5  nation along 3,500 miles of your  border you would have a wonderful   opportunity   of   getting  back   sonic  of   thc  millions  of  dollars lhat went out of the British Empire lo the United States  (hiring  tiie  war.   Great  Britain  will never go dry.   Just as soon  as you  Icll an Englishman that  he can'l do a  Ihing that i.s the  very thing he will be determined  lo do.   Prohibition is such humbug, loo.   The American people  hive lo be/fooled. . In'Washington recently,;.when Sunday selling of'liquors in hotels was prohibited a friend- of mine poured  sonic  whiskey into a   medicine  hoi lie. with ���������������������������the chemist's name  and a  prescription on  lhc seal.  The head 'waiter came and examined   il,   and,   although   he  knew  perfectly  well what  was  in the bottle, he pretended to accent   my; Jfricndi's   explanation.  I low   ca.i'iV, prohibilion    succeed  among a people so fond of being  fooled as that?"  Two 4-inch tire  ^^SMJQtl'5 in good condition  !>c a word first inflection. |c ��������������������������� word *������������������ch ins������������������r-  tion thtreafter: 26c minimum charge: lOe extra  where c������������������������������������h doef not tccompany order.  L.OST,��������������������������� Somewhere between Stepney Ranch and junction of-Salmon Arm and Orindrod roads,  two kit hags, marked. ''G.T.E." on  bottom of both. Finder please  leave at James cMahon's garage,  pnderfoy. or ft. J. Fletcher's gai-  *=-=!igcr;=Anii*tr<������������������ngr=antl=-rec������������������ive=re--  ward.    Hox 21^ Armstrong.        ti  VOW SAT-E ��������������������������� Seven-room dwelling  on Knight street; three lots; good  barn and outbuildings; water and  electric light. Price and terms to  suit on application; Commoner  oflice, Fnderby. "    20-3tf  our  &4dJe ft orses  One warV team  W.J.Woods, fnderby  FOH SFHVICF ��������������������������� Registered Holstein-Friesian Hull; tee $3; also  thoroughbred Yorkshire H >������������������������������������������������������"'. fee  $2.50.   Harris & Son, Enderby.lp  |>OST���������������������������Signal ring, monogram "J  W.|.." finder will be suitably  rewarded on leaving at Common-  cr ollice, Enderby. 2tp  A name that stands for the best in hotel service  King p<|wan} Hotel  P. H. MURPHY  I't-opricLor  Encjerby  Oh, wondrous bird is*'the pelican;  His bill holds more than bis belican.  He takes in bis beak,  Food enough for a week;  Hut I don't see how the belican.  Buy Enderby Bakery bread; it  will save a lot of worry.-  PUBLIC NOTICE  Notice is hereby given that 1  hiive disposed, of my merchandise  business :iL Mara to N. Pavlos, and  [ bespeak.for him a continuance  ol' ' lhe palronagc 1 have becn  favored wilh.  I will liquidate and collect all  iiccnuirls.  WM. ELSON, Mara, B.C.  July 20lh   1910. .   ���������������������������  Having helped' lo adjust the situation in  JSurope, we are back at  .-.���������������������������* the. old stuud reatily for  business ��������������������������� jnniitiiig,  kalsomining, p i\ p c r  hanging. V Try our  priceJs.  C. G. HPEH  Box 43 EfMjfrby  i  o  Jas. Pickson  REAL   ESTATE,  INSURANCE  GENERAL AGENT  Bell Block Euderby  If you are intending to have an exhibit  for the (Armstrong  Fall Show, prepax*e  now to make that exhibit a prize winner.  s  IR  <s  ox

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