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Okanagan Commoner Mar 13, 1919

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Vol. 16, No. 8; Whole No. 784.
Subscription. $2.00 per vear: 5c the codv
A Grant of $500 Each to Creamery and Agricultural Association Given.
At tlie last regular meeting of
the Spallumcheen Municipal
Council Mr. Hawkins for the Agricultural Association and Mr.
Hardy for tlie Creamery Association, appealed for financial assistance and after prolonged discussion it was decided to make
a grant of $500 to each association for 1919.5 Reeve Kcary was
appointed to represent the council on the Creamery board, and
Councillor Hcnscn on thc agricultural association board.
Mr. H. Fraser interviewed the
Council in reference to repairs
which had to be made on the
pile driver, while carrying out
the contract on the bridge near
the creamery oyer Davis Creek,
i actual cost of repairs amounting
to $32.00. It was ordered that
. the amount bc paid.
The Reeve reported that he
had with the Clerk interviewed
our solicitor - with reference to
request from the manager of
thc telephone company re brush,
etc., on tlie roads, holding that
thc Municipality was not liable,
and it was ordered that Mr. Dobie, managr of the telephone
company, be -informed of the
opinion of the solicitor.
Messrs. Ingles and Fulton interviewed the Council asking for
assistance toward getting a private crossing over the C. P. R. at
a point between Lots 1 and 2 on
Map 536 Tp 34. This ������ matter
was referred to the Municipal solicitor, w V.. . \v.- ;vrj.'-.-;
* A communication was read
from Mrs. Rippington re the
sale of-hcr former home. It was
decided that the communication
be received,-but that under the
circumstances tlie only way in
which she could receive anything from Council would he
in the nature of. relief.
,, A communication was received from M. PurreJJ, M^Fyre
postoffice for Armstrong, and
the cjerjt was instructed to reply
that the Council depended upon
Jlis energetic work to obtain for
the district the postoffice required.
- A communication from W. ���������������
Chappie asjeed tlie Council to
endorse a resolution re .Orientals
owning and holding land, and
the endorsement was given.
Reeve |Ceary reported on his
trip to Victoria re consolidated
_school and-other-matters-affect-,
ing the Municipality. The prospects for a grant toward the
school were bright; also for tiie
improvement of the Vernon to
Fnderby road. Pr. Macdonald',
our member, had worked very
Jjiard in our interests.
It was decided to receive and
tile thc communication from the
city of Vancouver re interned
aliens. Reeve Ivcary wishd to be
0placcd on record as opposing thc
Jt was decided that the arrears
of taxes bc placed in the hands
of the solicitor.
X The following Armstrong X
X men returned from France X
X this week, J where they X
X served many months in the X
X fighting field: Cpl. Warner, X
X Ptes. Lingings, Devos, Eder- X
x son, G. Little, Davis, W. X
x Hallam   and   Lieut. Little. X
pital. Hc was able to talk to
Mr. Lawson Stroulger on thc
way in, but was found to bc
dead when the sleigh had
reached the brickyard.
Deceased was 43 ycars of age.
he leaves a widow and several
Hc leaves a widow and several
cliildrcn for whom the deepest
sympathy of the community is
expressed. Tlie funeral service
will be conducted Thursday afternoon from St. George's
church at two o'clock, Mch. 13.
Killed by Falling Tree
Monday afternoon while
Thos. Stapleton was at work
falling trees - on the Stroulger
place, north of Enderby, he was
in some way struck down. He-
was found in thc woods two or
three hours after the last tree
was heard to fall by a neighbor.
-He.was free from any entanglement but it was apparent he had
bcen hit o,n tlie head. Dr.
Keith .was.summoned and on .examination decided to bring Mr.
;Slapleton to tlie Enderby hos-
Taken from posters put up
for the game in Vernon last Friday: "Armstrong has beaten us
once; can they do it again?"
Yes, we did it. Hie Armstrong hockey team made a trip
to Vernon last Friday and after
ao three., hour- trip over rough
roads they stepped oh the ice
and beat the southern boys to
the tune of 6-4 in a good clean
The Vernon boys put up some
good individual play but thcy
could not keep time with the
superior combination and
strong defence of the red sweaters who apparently won the favor of the. audience judging from
the shouts: "Come on,: Reds,"
wliich" came from the grand
stand.   " ' -:.���������:���������
Owing, to .the -bad .roads the
game wras unavoidably delayed
by the Armstrong boys who
could not*get ready for action
until nearly nine o'clock.
The Armstrong goal getters
were A.phil������ips(2), J.phitlips t.
Phillips, ������. Stoodley and W.
Lingings one each- For/Veruan
Passet scored three and Greyell
Vernon Armstrong���������
Mowat goal    C. Horrex
McKinnon point J. Phillips
JCJausman cover A. |Cing
Basset rover E. Stoodley
Norris centre A. Phillips
|.overidge right >yingT- Phillips
Greyell      left wing   Ringings
Referee G. Reinhard
��������� Quite ..a���������number. of_friends
were present at St. James'
church, Wednesday afternoon,
March 5th, when Miss Gertrude
Petar, elder daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Petar of Knob Hill, was
united in marriage to Mr. panicl
Louttct. The. Rev. R. Alderson
officiated. The bride, who wore
a travelling suit of navy blue,
was given away by hcr mother.
The happy couple left immediately after the ceremony for thc
coast, where thcy arc spending
a short honeymoon.
A Sunday school institute will
bc held in Enderby on Wednesday afternoon and evening, Mar.
19th. Mr. E. R. McLean, field
secretary for British Columbia,
and Mr. J. B. Rowell of Vernon
will be the chief speakers. Opportunity will be given for discussion. Both sessions will be
held in the Baptist church.'The
work is arranged by a Provincial co-operative committee and
is interdenominational. Tlie
public is most cordially invited;
Mr. Rowell served with the Y.
M. C. A. overseas; his address
will be given at the evening
Okanagan Valley Finally Shows
Where It Stands in the Matter
of Co-operation in the Marketing of Its Produce.
At the annual meeting of the
Enderby Growers' Association,
held' in the office of the association Tuesday afternoon, Mr.
C. W. Little, for the Central
Selling organization, prcsenteo
figures that showed the rosiest
outlook for Okanagan growers
that has yet been experienced. It
was apparent from these figures
tliat thc years of organization
which have been spent, and the
faithful work of the Central
officers���������often under the most
trying circumstances���������has n*ot
been in vain and is now bearing
fruit. .These figures show,, top,
that out of the chaos of selling
organizations which have operated in the Valley, there issat
last emerging one strong, efficient organization���������and that a
co-operative organization, of
the growers themselves.
Mr. Little told the meeting
that in 1918 Okanagan growers
shipped through Central a total
of 941,206 packages of fruit and
vegetables, against a total of
777,842 in 1917, an increase of
163,364 packages. The total
value of the fruit and vegetables
shipped was $1,587,864,36, or
an increase over 1917 of $470,-
115.41, and over 1916 of $524,-
763.08. TJhe total expense of
selling the season's shipments,
amounted to $53,737; -againstfa,
selling cost of-^63,140 in 1916
and $52,562 in 1917, showing a
decrease of nearly $10,000 in
selling costs over 1916, though
the sales amounted to $524,763
more than in 1916. Last year
Central's selling costs were $1,-
175 more than in 49J7 hut tlie
sales.exceeded those of 1917 hy
$470,115, which works out at
7-10 of a cent per package for
the increased1 tonnage,
which works out at 7-1Q of a
cent per package for" the increased, tonnage. ,_ ,
The average prices received
for No. I, O.K. brand apples
was $1.97 per hox, as compared
to $1.38 for 1917; apples, all
varieties, was $1,95 per hox, as
compared to $1.36 for 1917.
Mr. Little took occasion to
impress upon growers the necessity of holding fast to the organization. He pointed to the
fact tliat the past year or two
had, been-abnormal; .^inasmuch.
as buyers went to the door of
the growers to get the requirements of the market. Rut these
conditions will hardly obtain,
and thc man who endeavors to
sell his crop independent of thc
strong selling organization may
find himself seeking unwilling
buyers to take his stuff off his
hands at the lowest market
It is estimated that 65 per
cent of the total fruit output of
the Okanagan is sold through
thc Central organization. Five
distributing selling houses have
been established by Central���������
one at Vancouver, one at Calgary, one at Edmonton, one at
Regina and one at'Winnipeg. .It
is one of the strongest selling
organizations"jin*" the Northwest,
and growing stronger each season. J,
Mr. P. P. Woodbridge, who
was one of the original organizers of the United Grain Growers of j the Northwest, appeared
before, the meeting and gave an
interesting account of the ups
and downs of that organization
in the forming period. Hc sold
the   now   mighty   organization
'was seriously handicapped at
the start. The organizers had
to work out a system for them-
1 selves. Mistakes were made,
but instead of giving up the or--
ganization and starting anew,
they worked the harder to overcome tlie effects of j the mistakes
made and through the mistakes
learned, how.   <
The experience of that organization should be an incentive
to members of this organiza
tion, for what thc grain growers
accomplished is possible for the
fruit and produce growers of
thc Okanagan. Mr. Wood-
bridge told of thc accomplishments of tlie Grain Growers organization, what it has done
and is doing for its members,
and in general what it has done
for the farming industry of the
The status of farmers* and of
farming has entirely changed*in
recent years, he said. Rapid
transportation, mobilization of
operation and of shipments, the
handling of crops on a large
scale, all made it more impossible fori one farmer to be independent of the other. Today all
industries have found it necessary to combine their forces and
organize on a large scale. ,Tlic
farmer is the last to learn the
lesson, but he has learned, and
hc is now putting into practice
the knowledge he has gained ih
thc experience of tlie last few
Speaking, of what he had
learned since coming to the
Okanagan, he. said, it -was apparent on all sides that closer
co-operation was.needed on the
part of the growers; that the
Selling' organization. had placed
the fruit ..industry on its feet,'
and! all that is how. necessary is
for/ the growers, to take every
advantage of the opportunity
The annual report of the lo-
cfil association, showed a net
profit of $138.33 on the season's
operations. Expenses of opera-
,tidn amounted to $1,808.78. In
the sale of $738 worth of fruit
and vegetahles, a profit of $12
was realized; in the sale of $344
worth of hox material a profit
of $85 was carried forward; in
tlie sale of ffour and feed to the
amount of $16,914 a profit of
$1,278 was realized; and in the
sale of $7,950 worth of hay and
wheat there was a profit of $219
A letter was read from Iff. A.
Hankey & Co., Vernon, offering
the building now occupied by
$8,200. The price was considered to be too'high, and the
offer declined.
Annual Meeting of Creamery
Association Proves Interesting
and All Optimistic Over Season's Outlook.
There--was; a full attendance
of members at the annual riieet-
ing 'of the Northern Okanagan
Creamery"-"Association at Armstrong last Thursday,,and, after
the business of the past season
had been discussed, it was decided that the outlook for thc
new year was excellent and the
decision of the meeting was
unanimous in favor of continuing stronger than ever. The
fact that the books showed a
loss in the season's operations
was not taken seriously for the
fact that,- while the loss may
have been sustained in operation, the patrons of the creamery received the benefit in their
cream checks. */ ���������
Mr. Chas. Patten was elected
president, and Messrs.  W.  H.
Keary,   H.   C.   Armstrong,
Somers;   J.   W. <>Hunter,   J.
Moore and R. Dav directors.
Makes Position More Clear
Miss Rate Nichol and Rod
Sparrow stole a march on their
friends last Thursday when
thcy quietly journeyed to Vernon and were there united in
marriage. The popular, young
couple spent a few days louring
Okanagan Lake towns and returned to Enderby Monday
night, when thcy were given a
rousing charivari by their host
of friends.
x   -S'.s---. '      ���������:��������� x
Editor The Commoner:
Dear Sir���������I- ask you kindly
foil a little space in reference to
your report in last week's" Commoner, which failed to a certain
extent in correctly staling my
position. The heading represents
me as.^unqualifiedly favoring reduction, iii" the size of Indian re-
serves. > JI was instructed to proceed Jo Enderby to ascertain the
view&jbf JtiieACity', Council/arid
citizens in reference tbr a proposal niade by them to tlie Soldier
Settlement Board, which proposal was turned over to r tlie Indian Department. . After learning the views.of the meeting and
obtaining confirmation of data,,
which f. already had, 1 made reference to the .fact that their prcn
posal was pertty much.along the
lines that I had already discussed with certain hands of Indians wlipse,per,capita holding
was unusually, large .with hut a
limited amount of Jt under cultivation. Your report, had .it
that it was to the Pepartment of
Indian AfTaiis 1 had advocated
reducing size. This, if put into
the hands of.unscrupulous parties who would make use of it
to   misrepresent   my   position,
was calculated to do harm.   As ���������        ... _, -.   ���������������������������-..-   ��������� --
*     Vr       -l ������n   *u    Henry. Walker, Bruce Colquette.
a matter of fact it was with the; ^. y. Beat���������
cattle and that requires large
acreage. It was $1,000 which
Frank Michel, the Bridge River
Indian, put into Victory Bonds V
in 1917; but his holding is much
larger than the average Lytton
Indian's holding.
I also expressed a doubt as to
whether there^was enough, cultivable land in the Salmon River
Reserve   to   accommodate   the
whole    of    the    Spallumcheen
Band, and I still think it would
be  inadequate  unless   thc  Sal- -
mon River Reserve is enlarged
considerably by the'purchase of
adjoining cultivable lands from
the whites.    I do not entertain
the too common idea that the
Indian is the only sinner in the
matter of leaving good land unfilled, and I sec areas of un tilled
cultivable   land   held   by   tlie
whites that will aggregate more
than the unfilled portions on the
reserves.   Many of the reserves
look big on paper, but the cultivable portions are not so great
after all. Also in many Agencies
throughout the Province the Indians have not enough land for
their needs.   Thus it is those Indians who hold larger areas than
theyneed, and will not work the
land properly, who are injuring
their fellow tribesmen by giving .
occasion for this outcry about
taking over Indian lands. I have"
seen this all along, and that is
why  I  have  discussed  it  with   '
these Indians  thmselves, but. 1
have not been talking it tG  D'/\/[\
whites, nor urging it upon sr... > V
Department.    On -, the whole  l\
think it is a mistake fo give the   \"
matter/;too  niuch .prominenceJ .)'���������
in������ the. newspapers at the present   Vt
tinfe. for various reasons which
need not be enumerated; here,/
and especially so when there is/    .
a,danger of all UidTacts not be--/,,
ing accurately stated, and for  Vy
that reason liable to give, wrong      y
impressions. :���������'
Thanking you for space, f re- p
main yours, etc, A. Megraw,
W        Inspector.  x'������
-  I
^ Mi
-* M !
; /: ��������� m
���������     AS'S'l
pnpjsrjjy rvm^SCHOOL
Report for February        ;
-'-��������� pi vision f
Senior Fourth���������Antoinette Paradis. Henry Vogel, George Sparrow.
Junior Fourth���������RonaJd Gretton,
Beverly Bryant, Clarence Burnham,
Marion Fravel, Dorthy Keith.
Perfect Attendance���������Reverlv Pry-
ant. Edna Cameron, Tom Folkard,
Marion Fravel, Ronald Gretton,
Dorothy Keith, Antoinette paradis,
George Sparrow, Agnes Sparrow,
Donald   Strickland,   Henrv   Vogel,
United Services of Special
Interest  Will  Be   Held  in
Morning Service in the
Presbyterian Church. Evening Service in the Methodist Church.. The Rev .F. A.
Cassidy will preach at both
Indians themselves I had dis
them that those who had more
land than they could work
would be better ��������� off with less
land better worked.
It is true I drew attention of
thc meeting to the fact that Lytton Indians wilh a per capita allotment of less than 25 acres,
much of which was only third
class land, were making better
progress than in several bands
of thc Okanagan Agency where
the per capita allotment was
more than six times that; but I
didn't say it was because thc
Lyttons had less land, that this
was so. I merely stated a fact
but. assigned no reason. There
might be half a dozen reasons
to account for it.
Again, there were other inaccuracies which '-might. cause
those who knew better, to think
I had been drawing a long bow.
It was not 14 cents but 11* cents
per pound the Lyttons got for
their'beans in 1917. Neither
was it a Lytton Indian who
made thc $21,000 which' he put
into .Victory Bonds last-November, but an Okanagan Indian,
and. he made it off a large tract
ef land for he made it. oul of;
Division If
Se_nionVi:h i rd���������Fsm a=jOa k oR,-f.ot,	
Oakes. George Carefoot, Rena Dill
Junior  Third   ���������   Ina   Neiistrom,
Betty   Bryant,   Agnes   Miller,   Jean
Perfect Attendance���������Betty Bryant, Geoffrey Burton, Mabel Cameron, George Carefoot, Ernest Carson,
Rena Dill. Mary Eadie. Jean Keith,
Acnes Miller. May Miller. Esma
Oakes. Lea Oakes, Gertie 'Radford,
Sally Walker, Ina Neustrom.
P. D. Faulkner
Division III
Rank in Class
��������� Class  A:   Martha   McKay,  Robert
Baird.  Eugene  Colquette.
Class B: Bernard Carlson, Clifford Welsh, Beta Dalton.
Class C: Margaret Walker, Wilfred .Neii'l, Berna Martin, Annie
Perfect Attendance' ��������� Wesley
Baird, Robert Baird, William Cameron, Jean Dale, James Eadie, Margaret Fravel, Harold Hutchison. Berna 'Martin. Annie Mencel, Wilfred
Neill. Cissic Radford. Lillian Scott,
Margaret' Walker, Walter Woods,
Bland ford Marley, Eugene*.. Col-
(juette. -
y*/": IT. C. Allan
Division  IV
Second -Primer-���������Andrew Anderson and Maxwell Oakes (even) Alice   Chadwick,   Patricia   McKay.
First Primer���������George; Folkard,
Frank Hutchison, Ina  Fulton,
Receiving: Class. William'Baxter,
Florence Utas, Ella Baird.
Perfect Aatlendancc. ��������� Andrew
Anderson. Austin Blackburn, Lillian Bobbin. George Scotl. Jean
Fravel. Ina Fulton., Franck* Hutchison, Marie Kosar, Maxwell Oakes,
Edna Radford, Gertrude Rands,
Victor Skjeic, William Baxter,
Florence   L'las,* Edgar Vogel.
E. A. Cahlsox
rra-rrr-vTi-ss^^s-^^ OKANAGAN COMMONEB  THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  I  ../  0  i  i  r*s.  0  5  Can   Food Board License No. S-6337  0  i  Fish      |  Acadia Codfish, per bos . ��������������������������� ���������������������������   fl      60c %  Smoked     Fish    (twice    per (]  week)  Kippers ��������������������������� Haddie ��������������������������� Black  Cod.  WOOL GROWERS' CO-OPERATIVE ASS'N.  HAS  TROUBLE IN DISPOSING  CLIP  0  Breakfast   Foods  Corn Flakes���������������������������Post Tosties���������������������������  X Krumbles^-Cream of Wheat  I]  ���������������������������Wheal Flakes, etc,  I  9   We  have a  large  ment  assort  3  j Phillips & Whitehouse  f]       Phone 48    Armstrong  -I  Select Now!       fi  0  o>  0  6  o<  DENTISTRY  Dr. Dent has opened one of  the most modern Dental Par.  lofs in the Interior of British  Columbia iu the W. H.  Smith Block, above the Okanagan Grocery, Vernon, B.C.  Special attention to out of  town patients.  Phone 34-3 or write  for  appointments.  DR. DENT  DENTIST  VERNON, B.C.  MADE IN  ARMSTRONG  Ladies' Suits  Men's Suits  Clothes Cleaned, Pressed  Altered and Repaired  President Strachan of the Co-operative Wool  Growers' Association at Kamloops writes Mr. A.  W. Hunter of Armstrong, the following explanation of the troubles the association had to encounter in 1918, which will settle a great deal of unrest  on the part of wool growers in this district:  "As requested I will give you a brief history of  the Wool Growers' Association of Interior British  Columbia.  "Early in the war the Canadian Government  realized tlie importance of stimulating the wool  production ih Canada and in accordance with this  idea Mr. Rcg. Arkell was sent west two years ago  to organize thc Wool Growers' Association, and  give them educational talks on thc better handling and marketing of wool. As a result of his  visit at Kamloops, the Interior of British Columbia Wool Growers' Association was formed and  in lhe first year handled almost 10,000 pounds of  wool. ������������������  "When wc had thc wool in our warehouse and  graded by the Government inspector we thought  il would be an easy mailer to dispose of our clip.  We wrote to a great many local buyers in British  Columbia and also to a great many leading manufacturers in lhe East, asking for bids on. our  wool, but none were forthcoming. We could not  get sale for it at any price. Wc felt sure this was  an organized attempt on the part of dealers and  manufacturers to crush thc young association. So  our secretary went to Calgary on the date that  thc Alberta men were selling their wool by auction, in the hope that he could interest thc buyers  of that sale in our wool. He succeeded in selling  our wool���������������������������1917 clip���������������������������at the ungraded price of  61% cents. cThis was very much better than the  prices obtained by any of the farmers who sold  individually as they realized only, from 35 to 48  cents a pound. Wc were so pleased with our ultimate success that we felt the association was es-  tablshcd and that it would bc easy sailing from  that on.  "So early last spring we did everything iri bur  powcr to encourage the outside farmers to join us  in lhc venture, and as a result of our efforts aboul  120 farmers sold their wool through our association. Four carloads were shipped from Kamloops  district. In .the meantime, a co-operative selling  agency���������������������������the Canadian Co-operative Wool Growers, Ltd.���������������������������was formed under the patronage of the  Federal Government.    The primal and chief ob-  by our early shippers instead of tlie offer made  by tlie local dealers.  "The more I consider the wool situation the  more I am convinced that there was an organized  attempt to strangle the Co-operative Association  of Wool Grcwrs in its infancy. And with that  conclusion in -mind, I am more thoroughly convinced of the vital importance of the wool growers sticking together and fighting for their rights  to the bitter end. It is the only solution to the  market problems of wool., Enormous profits  have been wrung friom the wool growers in recent  years, simply because there were no market facilities or regulations.   He had to take what he was  o Ci  oft ered or keep his * wool. ..y    o   V  "In conclusion I might say that the Toronto  office has offered to j>ay some of our local,expenses . Thc further distribution of part of thc  5 per cent withheld will take place at as early a  date as possible."  THRIFT STAMPS IN SCHOOLS  How to place thc Thrift Stamps in thc schools  so that they may be readily available when the  pupils bring their 25 cents of accumulated savings  has been solved by thc Vancouver board of school  trustees. The National War Savings Committee"  British Columbia Division, of which Mr. Campbell Sweeny is chairman, while thanking the Vancouver board for its decision to finance the movement, trusts that its action will be followed by  olher boards throughout the Province.  The secretary of the Vancouver board of school  trustees will obtain from the principals of the  respctivc schools an estimate of the number of  Thrift Stamps required. He will then purchase  from thc hank or postoflicc the total amount requisitioned, and the principal of each school will  bc credited wilh the sum asked for. The principal will then credit each class-teacher with thc  number required, and in that way, when the  scholar has saved a quarter, ils exchange for a  Thrill Stamp will bc accomplished on thc spot.  Thus, from, thc thrifty pupil desirous of purchasing a Thrift Stamp there is a continuous  chain linking him with the national savings movement in which hc directly participates, through  the school principal and the class-teacher. Thc  .difficulty lo bc surmounted in the case of lhc  schools was that there should bc no interval bc-  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������. ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ 4  mx. APAW  AGENTS  countries.   Ask  for  our  INVENT  rCK'S ADVISER,which will be sent free.  MARION & M4JRTON.  **50    linlwf-cifw   Cr..   Mnnt.'fiqf.  jeet ot this company was to market the Canadian twccn lhc Umc whcn lhc pupil had ,ds 25 cents  wool, growers clip.-We were requested to ship uncUhe opportunity to purchase the Thrift Stamp.  ���������������������������V.Zt? *������������������ } I17\l."!? Government .warehouse, By deciding to finance the movement the Vancouver board of school trustees has solved this difficulty; and it will bc readily understood that not  Ionly will it's action assure the success of the movement, but it will be a tremendous incentive to  other boards to follow its example  PIANO TUNING & REPAIRING  r'     CHARLES QUINN  ���������������������������of ^Kelowna,   will be in Armstrong   and   Enderby    districts  every'three months.  SPIRILLA" CORSETS  BRASSIERES,  ETC  ���������������������������HClacle lo~ o rd cr." F lcxil51e~diid"  unbreakable. Every p air guaranteed.  EDITH  TURNER  Corsetiere  Armstrong B. C.  SECRET  SOCIETIES  S. II. RI'KERS  W..M.  A.F. &A.M.  Enderby Lodpre No. 40  lU-Kulnr moetinKS first  ThurBclay on or after tho  Cull moon nt 8 p. in. in Masonic Hnll. ViaitiriK  brethren cordially  irivltixJ  C.  II. REEVES  Socrutnry  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35. K. of P.  Mi<pt������������������ t}vt:ry Monday evening  in Mnvjnic Hull.    Visitorscor- I  diallv invitod to attend.  chas. hawins. c. c.  h. m. walker, k. r. s  r. .1. coltart. m.f.  PROFESSIONAL  \  C. SKALING, B. A.  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  INSURANCE  Bell Blk. Enderby, B.C.  E. O. WOOD, B. C. L. S.  Armstrong and Salmon Arm  Toronto. At a meeting of executive, we decided  lo ship the wool to them as we felt that the organization was a step; in the right direction and required tlie co-operation of every wool grower in  Canada.  "Then  it was  that  our  trouble  began.    For  months after it was shipped? .we could get no word  of it.   I, as president of the association, had instructed our secretary to send out letters at frequent intervals to our patrons, keeping them in  touch with the wool situation.   But I am sorry to  relate wc could get no information from the association.   Upon complaint to them we were told  that  thcy were so short of stenographers and  other help that they could not give us the information we required.    Our executive were as  much in the dark as any of our patrons. This was  very annoying to everybody, and not calculated to  cultivate a spirit of satisfacton among the wool  growers.   However, we must remember that this  young Co-operative Company had enormous difficulties to overcome on account of war condilions,  and regulations.   To add lo their discomfort, the  Manufacturers Association, recognizing the mcn-|  acc^lhcsc^wool^gi'oNveiV^asiSOciff  lo lhcir profiteering, sent a deputation to wait on  the Brilish government making representations to  it lhal thc Canadian clip was not nearly adequate  to their needs, and that they could not fulfill their  war  contracts  unless  morc wool  was  available  from an outside source.    This took place aboul  three   months   before   thc   central   agency was  formed.    Tho  manufacturers  succeeded  in  persuading   the  British   government  lo  allot  them  shipping space   to import  15,000,0001b  of wool  from Australia.    This wool thcy were to receive  ut the price of 35 cents a pound.   But owing to the  submarine   menace   and   difficulty   in   obtaining  shipping, the Australian wool did not arrive until  late in   the season  of 1918.    Those associations  who had  their wool clipped early and delivered  in Toronto, received as high as 74 cents a pound.  J^ul as soon as the Australian clip was placed on  lhc market the price fell accordingly and we were  Ihe victims, on account of being so far from thc  real market and the delay caused by .transportation lo thai market.    You .can readily see from  ���������������������������this, that the reason wc did not get Uie highest  price was due to the fact that'we sold on a falling  markcl caused hy thc importation of 15,000,000  pounds of Australian wool.  "Now while wc all feel annoyed that we did not  receive a belter price, wc have no more reason  to blame the local association for not getting as  high a price as was offered by somc of the local  Women Po the Shopping  The hand that rocks the cradle not only rocks  the world jbut handles the "rocks." The average  man has a natural aversion to "shopping" even  when he requires articles for his personal use. As  a rule this duty is cheerfully assigned to thc other  sex. "It is not generally known," says a woman's  magazine wiiich took pains to investigate, "that  90 per cent of the house furniture in this country  is bought by women. Also 55 per cent of the night  sliirts, 70 per cent of the men's underwear, 65  per cent of the men's neckwear, 85 per cent of the  pianos, 90 per cent of thc food products and 65  per ccnl of the socks."  A TRENCH PITTV  Subdivisions. Miner;:] Claims, Timber Limits, Pre-emptions, Drainage,  Irrigation and  Hoad Surveys, Maps! buyers, than  thc individual farmer, has to blame  and plans.  Phone 02  Salmon Arm, B.C.  himself thai he did not get the 74 cents obtained  When thc war is over an' the fun is wcarin' thin  Of brightly doin' goose-steps down thc alleys of  Berlin,  I'll find some Gcrman ulan, twist 'is 'clmct off 'is  'ead,  An' throw 'im my putties (what's left) to wear  around instead.  And I'll march into thc station an' address thc  bookin' clerk:  "Ein billet for old1 England,' look -sharp, you  frightful Turk;  For I've had enough of Bodies and I've shot a  handsome few���������������������������  Look sharp, you ruddy slrafcr, or I may bc shoot-  in' you."  'E'll find a ticket fast enough, and' fust class I'll  go back  Wilh mv feel upon thc cushions an' mv rifle in  Sr J */  ���������������������������the rack.  An' when I gets to England, why, I'll marry, some.  sweet maid,  An' tell !cri 'ow we crossed the Rhine an' wrot the  Prussians paid.  ���������������������������London Express.  Saskatchewan produced 117,921,300 bushels of  wheat in 1917, gro\yn on 8,273,250 acres, according to an estimate made by the Dominion Bureau  of Statistics. .   ... ,.;..-..,.....,.  Pyrex Transparent Oven  Dishes  ���������������������������are for every day use. Saves  labor, saves fuel and are replaced  il broken by heat. Have a look  at them.  Aluminum Fry Pans  From $2.35 to $4.50. -Wiil fry  a steak to perfection. Eeay to  clean, light to handle, won't burni  They are good.  Universal Bread Mixers  For $4,50 j-ou can eliminate the  disargeeable part of baking.  Makes clean bread, makes better  bread. Try a Universal.  Aluminum Covered Roasting Pans  They roast quicker, brown bet- il  ter and last a lifetime. Prices "  $3 25 and $7.50  The IMPERIAL Double High Oven Range  Nothing On The Market To Equal It  Two distinet oyens each 20 inches square. Special tempered glass oven doors, The oyens are placed at standing height;  saves stooping, saves labor, saves temper, saves money.  Its a Marvel for $120.00  We have an  up-to-date Vacuum Cleaner for hire  Mac lac hi an Hardware Go.  ARMSTRONG, B. C PHONE 47  *bSBi  tmr*  i*m*mmtmnm-rv*-\  Must Cut off Unpaid  Subscriptions  The Paper Controller of Canada  has given notice that a strict regulation is about to be issued by the  Dominion Government to the effect  that���������������������������  Publishers of newspapers must  cease   sending   their   newspapers     to     subscribers     three ������������������  months  in  arrears unless subscriptions    are    definitely    renewed * and   all   arrears   fully .  paid.0                                    ��������������������������� .,  ~  The reason for this regulation of  the Paper Controller is that it is the  practice of some publishers to send  thier     newspaper     until     ordered  stopped,    and    this    practice    frc-  - quently means a failure to  collect  anything   i'or   subscriptions   in   ar-  *"* rears, in which case there is a vir-  !                    tual waste of paper.    It is to pre-*--  vent paper waste that the new regulation has been decided on.  ,             The manufacture . bf. paper" con- .  sumes labor, wood, coal, chemicals  and   transportation   facilities,   and                "    a"  every  ton  of' paper  saved  means  just so much more labor, raw materials, chemicals, fuel and transportation available for urgent war  needs.   For these reasons fhe Government msisfs that paper shall be.  saved, and proposes that only those  y   ,          who   pay   for   their   publications  shall receive them.  This order will leave the. news-  paper publishers no choice in the  matter. W-s must therefore insist  upon all subscriptions to the Com-  monks being paid ap.  We are cleaning up our subscript  ������������������ tion list this week and will be  forced to send Unal notice to a.J  subscriptions in arrears.  AH subscribers must pay up.  Those in arrears will have, the  Commoner discontinued. We have  no option iu the matter. Tbe post-  office Pepartment will ������������������efulse tq  deliver' newspapers where the sub-   scriptioo_.__expjry date    is    three  A  4\  months in arrears. Pay up now  and make a discontinuance of your  paper unnecessary. We do not  wish to cut off a single subscription. We want all our friends to  remain witb us. But the paper  shortage in Canada is becoming  alarming.  We must recognize the regulations of *!���������������������������"��������������������������� ^"cr Controller if we  are to continue.  Look up your expiry date and  govern yourself accordingly.  4  4\  4]  'I  il  Are you going to 4o any  BuiHing" or Repairing-  This Season?  THE FOLLOWING ARE GOOD VALUES:  No. 4 Ceiling, Flooring and Siding   '....  .... .. $18.00 per thousand  No. 2 Dimension, 2x4 and 2x6    *... *  .  ..   ....    .' $18.00 per thousand  Dry Blocks        $2.5 0 per load  Planing Mill Wood ���������������������������  .2.50  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd. E������������������urbl THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  OKANAGAN COMMONER  3\  ,      NITRO CULTURES FOR LEGUMES  Among the forage, cover and so'^Sa^  fcnada, one family of plants is oi special i^  farmers.   These are the legumes or Legumin  ^ which include clover and vetches, beans ami  Z\ BoUcally they are remarkab e ior to  A nitrogen-welding qualities, as being .con-  fantly associated with bacteria in the soil.  ThcL bacteria-minute living organisms only  Lible under high microscopic power���������������������������form col-  foes living on the smaller rootlets of the legumes,  Seducing thereon small lumps or nodules vary-  L in size from a pin-head to a small pea. Each  fad of "crop, whether clover, alfalfa, pea, etc., is  K by its own particular kind of bacterial culture-  I When these bacteria are present in the son,  Lperience shows that growth is more vigorous,  Ld earlier development takes place. These fac-  Ibrs are important in Canada. With alfalfa, robust and early stands have a better chance of relisting winter-killing; and in the case of field peas  leports from Uie Western Provinces show in-  freased yields per acre from the use ot nitro-  Lultures. .    ,  Wherc a crop has once been successfully raised  ivith nodules on the roots, the bacteria survive  In the soil for some time, and a subsequent crop  Is more easily obtained. To give a crop the best  Ehancc of succeeding, the appropriate strain  Ihould be introduced into the ground.  This can be done by transferring soil from  iround-where" that crop has succeeded and scattering it broadcast over  the new  field.    Tliis  fncthod is laborious and expensive, and besides  >f ten introduces undesirable weeds and the germs  jf diseases.   Equally good results have been obtained by  using pure bacterial  cultures.    The  tnethod of procedure is to mix the culture material on wliich millions, of bacteria, with some  iome fluid generally skim milk.   Then empty the  Reed onto a clean floor or cloth and treat it with  [the fluid, thoroughly stirring tlie seeds, so that a  film of moisture with its bacteria may stick to  leach seed.   Tlie seeds are then spread out to dry,  [W of direct sunlight, which would kill the bacteria.   When dry and on the same day as treated,  [the seed should be sown and covered up.    A  [cloudy day is tlie best for this purpose.  J    Cultures may be obtained commercially from  I seedsmen, or agricultural  colleges,, at charges  1 ranging from twenty-five cents upward.    Tlie  Experimental Farms system, at the Central Farm  at Ottawa, prepares cultures for alsike, red clo-  lvci% alfalfa^ peas and beans,   ������������������acli bottle put up  (contains sufficient material for the treatment; of  J about sixty pounds of seed.   Bona������������������ fide farmers  land settlers who wish to raise one of the above  Tcrops, will be supplied free with asihall quantity  to assist in establishing that crop in new districts.  Tbe recipient is requested at the same time tp  report results on a form sent out with the culture.  Applications should l*-addressed to the porow-  lioo Potawst, Central Experimental p������������������rm, Ottawa, stating the Hmd and quantity of eeetj to he  [treated.  Letters should f*> mailed as early in the  [season as possible to avoid delay.  flev. pilly Sunday, on learning of ratification  by   thirty-eight   states   of   federal   prohibition  [amendment, said: "The rain of tears is over. Tlie  [slums will soon he a memory; we wiJJ turn our  ['.prisons into factories, our jails into storehouses  [-and corn cribs; men will walk upright.   Now women will smile, children will laugh.   rlcJJ will he  'for rent." .  sr   vr sr   sr   sr   sr   sr   str   w s.r   wr sr   fcj sr  jt   st   St   st   st   st   st   st   st   st   st   st   st   st  sr   sr   se-  *���������������������������* *���������������������������' *���������������������������" ^2L  CORRESPONDENCE  SS X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X  Defends Board of Trade Resolution  Editoil the Okanagan Commoner:  Sir: Without wishing to provokd a debate, at  least not an acrimonious one, may I crave the  privilege of thro wing some further light, on ���������������������������the  request,of the Armstrong Board of Trade for a,  statement of revenue and expenditure from the  Okanagan> Telephone Company. The information  at your disposal made your editorial on the subject a perhaps natural enough first thought. But  there was certain ohter information before the  Board which makes psssible a second thought,  and which it might be well for your readers who  do not attend the Board of Trade to be conversant with. o  You1 suggest in your editorial that it would be  equally justifiable for the Board to ask for similar  statements from the merchants doing business  in the city. Perhaps before our old friend H. C.  O. L. is settled we may even come to that. But  meantime the case we arc dealing with is that of  a business wliich is classed as a public utility, and  as such the public have a right to know something about its affairs.  That such a right exists is.clear from the fact  that the Railway Board of Canada, less than three  months ago, granted the application of the municipal corporations of the cities of Montreal, Toronto, and Hamilton and the Union of Canadian  Municipalities, for an order directing delivery  by the Bell Telephone Company of evidence in  support of the company for an increase in rates.  In the opinion of the JRailway Board the request  was a reasonable one and the company is to make  a return covering its operations from 1913 to  1917. The information ordered to be supplied  is exhaustive and must show the estimated increase in revenue as a result of the war tariff.  Tlie committee appointed by the Board* of  Trade to consider the local situation, in recommending that such information be asked for, had  this precedent before it and so presented the matter to the Board.  ...  The fact that the Okanagan Telephone Company declared a dividend at the rate of 5 per cent  for the first half of 1918; that the announcement  of this dividend appeared at the same time as that  of the increase.in-rates; and that so far-as-,the  committee knows,. no announcement has .been  iriddejDf the;cKviderid for the second half of .1918  leads to the suspicion that this corporation has  joined the profiteer, class: If on the contrary the  company has a good case there should be no hesitancy about supplying the information asked  for.  The attitude of the Board is not a hostile one.  It js but seeking to know what is both its right  and its 4nty to know.  Cordially yours, W. Stott.  Armstrong, March 8, |919.  if you want, to know what a woman really  thinks pay attention to her looks rather than her  words. V  "A married man has many cares, but a bachelor no pleasures."  "What is there that beats a good wife?   A good  husband!"  rr  \  =^\  .FINANCE  DEPARTMENT.  DOMINION INCOME WAR TAX ACT  TO WHOM APPLICABLE.  Every person who in 1918 resided or ordinarily resided in Canada or  was employed in Canada or carried on business in Canada, including  corporations and joint stock companies.  WHO SHOULD FILE RETURNS.  \. JSvery unmarried person or widow or widower, without dependent  children under twenty-one years of age, who durins calendar year  1918 received or earned $1,000 or more.  3. All other individuals who during calendar year 1018 received ac earned  ������������������{,000 ar more.  wfco������������������t profits etctefed  Every corporation and joint stock company  $3,000, during the fiscal year ended in HH6.  FOSMT4-  FOSMS TO BE Flhh&V IN ANP FlWtD.  ?0������������������M Tl������������������ By individual*, other than ftmvaen ������������������p< j  FO������������������M TIA. Py farmert and rancher*.    FOfZM T#*. Py corporations and joint itock S____fm'     __*   Pytnwtees,executors,adroini������������������tn*or������������������v ������������������rt������������������t������������������������������������ian*^ .w^  _  Py employer* to make return <* tfce BMW of <* dyeolor*,  offictafeagenfe or other em^Qfe������������������������������������toi*Bm vm p������������������W fl.fOB  r     or more w *alaries, bomwoi. canajeietm or othar   ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������- ���������������������������  Aim during tt������������������e calendarywr Ww-  FORM Tf. ^corporation*, joint *������������������? '���������������������������.������������������������������������������������������mM*__>j- ���������������������������;.-_, ^^  sT      t wtidicaiw to make return of ������������������***���������������������������������������������������������������* **' ***** *"*  ���������������������������) to shareholder* and member*.<W**% *������������������������������������?���������������������������..   S__-^L'___r"  Individual* compri*ing pwl3*eritM|������������������ ���������������������������������������������* *������������������ *#������������������r*������������������ *w ������������������**  individual capacity.      V: -  GgNSRAfc INFORMATION  anrB^r^n_-t*_aiedin bupucATp:      ,y,,.V ;y_:-.vy- ���������������������������',  Form* may tieobtained from the Inspectors ������������������wd A*d*an* laap**arf  of Twation'-'mfa from tbe Pa������������������tma*ter* at ail le������������������������������������W>f ���������������������������atntw*.  Return* *hbutdbe filed iinm|diately.  Pottage mu������������������t be prepaid on letter* J mad. a������������������her documen** icnrwfrd  by mall to Injector*of Taration.      ' S:d____s '''*'  Addressee ojf Inspector* of Taxation (for tW* Dwtoct:  VANCOUVER DISTRICT.  Assistant Inspector of Taxation.  VICTORIA* B.C.  Assistant Inspector of Tasatioct,  Inspector of Taxation.  -.  Motsoos Bank Bldg.,  VANCOUVER, PXJ;  NELSOW, B.C.  3EB  NOTICE TO CREDITORS  Tn thc matter of the estate of Ed-  -ward_ Stokes, A a t n_^o fVthe_City^of_  Armstrong,   in   tlie   Province   of  British Columbia, deceased.  NOTICE is hereby given that all  persons having any claims or demands against the iate Edward  Stokes, ,\vlio died on or about the  tCth day of December', J0I8. at  Armstrong, in the Province of British Columbia, arc required to send  by post, prepaid, oi- to deliver to  the undersigned administratrix of  the estate of the said Edward  Stokes, their names and 'iddresses  and full particulars m writing of  their claims and statements of their  accounts, and the nature of the securities, if any, held by them.  AND TAKE NOTICE that after  the 31st day of March, A. D. 1919,  the undersigned will proceed to  distribute the assets of the said deceased among the persons entitled  thererto having icgard onlv to  claims of which she shall then have  had notice, and that the undersigned will not be liable for the  said assets nor any part thereof to  any. person of whose claim she  shall not then have received notice.  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE  that all monies owing by any person or persons to the late Edward  Stokes, are to be paid to the undersigned forwith. ,  Dated at Armstrong, British Columbia, this 26th day of February,  A  D. 1919.  HANNAH STOKES,  Administratrix, Armstrong, B. C.  82-41  To Solve Canada's Employnwt Problem  EVERYONE in Canada should understand just what  the Government is doing to solve the unemployment  problems that may" arise through the demobilization of  our fighting forces.  (i)   Employment Offices.  So that everyone���������������������������male or  female, soldier or civilian���������������������������can  get quickly such jobs as are  available the Government is cooperating with the Provinces in  establishing a chain of Public  Employment Offices. Employers are being urged to make use  of these offices to secure any  help they need. Farmers, for  example, who need hired men.  should apply to the nearest  office. There will be a Public  Employment Office in every  town of 10,000 people���������������������������and  wherever the need for one exists.  There will be 60 different offices  in all���������������������������one-half are already in  operation.  (2)   Employment Opportunities.  Thecwar held up much work  that will now be carried  on at  once.    Public works, shipbuilding, roadbuilding, railway work  -'���������������������������construction  of  bridges, im- ;  provement of road-bed, making  of   new equipment���������������������������these   will  provide   new opportunities for  emplpj-tnent. In  addition; the  Government jhas sent a Trade  JMiasion  overseas to secure, tor  . Canaida a shareIn tiie business of  , providing.".' materials ���������������������������: aad,, products  required  for tecbiistmc-  tion work in Europe. It has also  ' *t>-' "    set aside tlie.  large sum of  $25,000,000 to be loaned through  the Provinces to encourage the  building of workmen's houses.  This will mean much new work  in the spring.  (3) Land and Loans for Soldiers  To help soldiers become farmers the Government has developed a programme that  includes the providing of land,  the granting of loans, and the  training and. supervision of  those inexperienced in farming.  At present, the soldier js granted, free, in addition to his or-,,  dinary homestead right, one  quarter-gection of Dominion,  lands. He also ^receives, a loan  up tb the maximum of $2,500.  These original plans are now  being broadened. If Parliament  passes the new propcfsals during  this session, the Spldier Settlement Beard will be able to buy  suitable land and re-sell it to  the soldier at,cost. ���������������������������'.  Land up to the value of  $5,000 may be bought by this  plan���������������������������the money to be repaid  in 20 years.' The low interest  .rate   of   5   per   cent. , will  be  charged:" ..Th^se new proposals  v-,wiU- also' permit "the'Soldier  Settlement - Boa r^. jto' \o* tf^ the  . soldier-farmor up! to $$506 for  ;  purchasing equipment, etc., in  addition to $5,000 loan on  his  farm. -.'���������������������������'������������������������������������������������������  ���������������������������* -j  The Repatriation (brinrffiie*  OTTAWA  fqrSale  A nHAP  Tlircc Jcrscv Cows, onc 5-vcar-  oki. clue March 6lh: one 3-vcar-  okl, due-April 14th; onc 2-ycar-  old, due  May  3rd.     Also  farm  and-implcnicntsfoi-saICf==Peani  of horses ancl implements will  go with thc farm.  Cows will he sold with farm  or individually.  More Profit lo tjie  Puttermaker  The only difference between  a rut and a grave is that one is  wider and deeper than the other.  ���������������������������Hugh Chalmrs.  JOHN \SfffS\sm, Sr.    Pnderpy  Notice of JJSxecutor  In   the   matter   of    thc    l^slale   of  Robert Edward Harkins,  .   Deceased  NOTICE JS HEREBY GIVEN that  all persons having claims upon the  estate of the late Robert Edward  Harkins, who died on the 26th day  of August, A.D. 1918, are required  to send to A. C. Skaling, solicitor  for the executor, George Stanley  Hart, on or before the 1st day of  March. A.D. 1919, a full statement  of their claims, and of any security  held by them, duly verified by affidavit, and that after that date the  executor will proceed to distribute  the,assets of the Deceased among  the parties entitled thereto, ha vi ng  regard only for the claims that  have.been duly filed with him; and  all debts due to the said Deceased  are Jto be paid to the undersigned.  Dated at Enderby, B.C., this 28th  day of January, A.D. 1919.  A.  C.  SEALING,  Solicitor for the Executor.  ACREAGE FOR SALE���������������������������I have a  fraction less than two acres level  land, fenced and in one piece, on  river; now in orchard and alfalfa; few minutes walk from post-  office. Assessed value $1,150.  Will sell for $800 cash. H., Walker  Press Enderby.  The Dominion law against tlie selling of  butter without tlie words "Dairy Butter" or  "Creamerv Putter"���������������������������as thc case may bc��������������������������� printed  on the butler "wrap, is a blessing in disguise to the  average farmer.  It ������������������s the duty of every hutter maker to comply with the law in this mailer. Some butler  makers have only a cow or two, and make so little  butter that it does not appear to them tliat they  can afford to have their butter wraps printed.  They do not like the idea of having 500 or 1000  butter wraps on hand. To accommodate this  class of buttermakers, we bav< printed up  a quantity of "Custom" gutter Wraps. They are  printed with the words "Fresh Dairy Putter" but  do not bear the name of the maker. However,  these wrappers Till the requirements.of tyie.Jnw  governing this point, and can be bought, in small  Quantities at the rate of 65c a hundred.in 100 or  0 lots.    If you do not require buttcrwraps in .,  larger lots, take these wraps in lesser quantities.  500, Single Order.   ...    -    $3.75  1000   M      "   -      ���������������������������        475  When   run    with   other orders, $3.50 and  $4.50  THE WALKER PRESS  fnderby, B.C.  THE CARY PRESS  Armstrong, B.C.  ^^^^������������������������������������������������������x^s^asssixastssszm^SBi^s^A ^feanacyast Commoner  \  THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  In   which   is   iner;  ;c-ii   tiie   Arms-rang  Enderbv Press.  Advertiser   anti  Published  everv  Thursday  at  Armstrong,  B.C.,  at  -<2  a year,  by  \Y.\i.Ki:n &  Cahy.  H. M. Walker. Editor & Manager.  Advertising rales: Transient, 40c an inch first insertion, 25c each subsequent insertion. Contract advertising, = $1 an inch per month.  THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  WHO'S FAULT  A study of the annusU/eport of tlie Enderby  Growers' Association leads one lo marvel at the  ���������������������������'���������������������������������������������������������������������������������perversity  of  facts,  and   to wonder where   the  fault lies.  Thc statement as a whole makes a better showing than that of recent years. It shows a net profit  on the season's operations of $138.33. Last year  a deficit of $353.36 was shown.  Thc report shows something else, and it is lhis  we wish to bc permitted to refer to. The report  shows tliat the Association sold for the farmer  $738.60 worth of fruit and vegetables at a net  profit of $12.66. The Association handled $16,-  914.38 in flour and feed, and $7,950.23 worth of  wheat and hay at a profit of say $1,500. It will  thus he seen that the Association was able to  cany on only by what was made out of the sales  io the farmer, instead of sides for the farmer.  Understand us, tliis is not the fault of thc organization.   It must be thc fault of thc farmers  who are making use of the Association. Probably  ihe sales of flour and feed represent tlie big end  of thc sales to the farmer.   The sales of fruit and  vegetables,, and hay  and  wheat,  represent  the  sales of  the  organization  for  the  farmer*.    It  would be absurd to say that a farming community buying $17,000 worth of flour and feed through  their local organization produces less than half  that amount of marketable produce.  It must be that the organization is being made  use of by only a few and that the great bulk of  thc produce raised even by those who patronize  il when- buying flour and feed do not use it as  thcy should for thc disposal of their produce.  The association is co-operative. Every mem-  l)er knows to what extent hc himself is working  Irue lo the co-operative spirit.  WHAT IS PROFITEERING?  fukliomls..;������������������������������������������������������._��������������������������� E nr       t"        ���������������������������  2-ady to condemn the other fellow; ������������������? ^l   -yj^., '  because if. happens to affect us.      ''^^  It seems to us much of this outcry against  profiteering and Bolshevism  is  much like  thc  cliild on the ocean .beach ..trying to 1Js\yeep the  waves hiiek  *VJ!,h a bropm., What is. profiteering ?   Is it anytfring m&Pg.than, "getting the price"  demanded by eonMtiqm?  & All of us are rie  r   for profiteering because it hapf  But it has probably been noticed that anybody  having anything for sale is getting the highest  price possible for. his commodity.    The laborer  who used to be satisfied with $3 a day now demands $5 and $6; the farmer who used to yearn  for a one-dollar wheat price now demands two;  thirty-cent butter and eggs���������������������������pre-war price���������������������������now  fetch 60 cents.    One might go on indefinitely,  bul what's thc use?  Only last week the Uniled Farmers of Canada  demanded thc Dominion lo sel thc price on wheat  ���������������������������to main lain Uic price of thc war period. Thcy  want to make lhcir fellow citizens pay them an  excess profit of $1 or $1.25 a bushel, to do which  lhc Dominion Government would he compelled  lo raise by special loan or lax a hundred millions.  We la Ik aboul millions and billions loday as wc  used to talk aboul thousands. For instance, it  used lo cosl the Uniled Slates Governmcnl one  billion dollars lo run the nation for one whole  ^==_Jj:ca_r.=;V]2us_aJii o u nUis=n o\v=-bei n g_mised^-jy-Un el c  Sam lo maintain lhc price of lhis year's wheal at  $2.26 a bushel. Every loaf of bread in lhe United  . Stales and Canada will bc taxed to help pay lhc  fanner his excess profit.  Jn the face of these fads, what's thc use of crying about profiteering and tin's Bolshevism stuff-?  Jf thc governments will deliberately make profiteering possible, and thereby bring about condition* which make for Bolshevism, we'll have  Bolshevism despite all lhc brooms on thc ocean  shore.  * Thc man who docs not know that lo set a profiteering price on wheat means that automatically  u profiteering price is set on everything else, has  not studied the problem closely.    -"������������������", ^.a*w.  Away back in bibical times high corn (wheat)  prices meant correspondingly high prices on  everything else. And this condition has always  obtained. It is tlie same today and will be the  same for all time. It gets a country nowhere to  Jbring on a condition and thdri 'decry-the effects!  ing the vital issue, although every day lost increases the d'iilk-ulties in achieving thc principal  object which ;.\ Ve iVW^hjnent of permanent  peace. Even iV' accv-j.-ViK-c by lhe enemy of lhe  allies' conditions, followed by signature of a  treaty, would VV now sullice to terminate the  universal crisis. What is needed are" condilions  enabling European people lo resume work. Without this there is no hope for the League of Nations; nor for peace,., nor for lhc arrest of the  ever-swelling rush "of lhc frenzied movement  against authority, government and order. I  "While the confernce is deliberating and ad-*  journing; reconciling contradictory resolutions,!  the groundwork of the politico-social community  of nations is crumbling away. Nearly one million unemployed in Germany are disheartened by  thc perspective of having to devote the remainder of their lives to toil, unprofilably for themselves, and arc prepared to strike, emigrate or  reljcl as an alternative.  "In  the conference two strongly-marked currents are distinguishable, which thc latest committee of co-ordination has not yet succeeded in  harmonizing.    Thc one starts from thc implied  axiom that the Teutons will for all time remain  the enemies of civilization, against whom conditions of peace and the rules of the League of Nations   must   be   deliberately   and   permanently  directed.   The other recognizes thc necessity for  punishing the Germans and their confederates for  past crimes, but admits that these can be expiated  and refuses -to issue a decree of permanent" outlawry against their present adversaries.   Tliis divergence is the source of considerable delay and  the occasion of deadlocks.  ,  "The Anglo-Saxon delegates incline toward the  latter view, in accordance with which they are endeavoring  tor solve  the various  problems  submitted thcrii.    Thcy display unbounded willingness to assist France rationally to obtain all possible compensation for the diabolical destruction  o'f cities, houses, factories and soil, and to accord  priority.to her claims, together with Belgium's,  but they demand that all the delegates give solid  adherence to common sense and not insist on extracting oil from a millstone.   Thcy contend that  Germany can  not pay enough  to "dispense thc  heroic French nation from taxing itself as the  British  and  Americans  are  taxing themselves;  that the Germans cannot pay anything which is  not surplus production; that they must therefore  be allowed to manufacture, sell and export; that  territorially artificial conditions running counter  to the principles of nationality, se|f-determina-  tion and justice are more dangerous than profitable and should be avioded; that national problems cannot be solved independently of international interests nor thc future sacrificed to the  1,000. YARDS   OF  NOVELTl" AND" NEW WEAVE SILKS  FROM NEW YORK  ���������������������������i  RAJAH SILKS  Tlie correct style for waists, middies, coats, chesses and suits. Colors- pink, sky"  white, black, rose, grey, paddy, prune, myrtle, saxe and navy; 36 inches wide; special  silk sale ..-. ...    .   $1.95  yard  SATIN DE CHINE  A beautiful weave, soft and supple silk with the Duchesse finish; 12 new spring  shades, also black; 36 inches wide.   Special silk sale $2.15 yard  NOVELTY SILKS  Tlie last word from New York in stripe silks; 20 new combination colorings- Taffetas  Chenes and Duchesse weave; 36 inches wide. Special silk sale $3.50 and $3.98 for $3.48  CHIFFON TAFFETAS  Twelve new colors in untearable Chiffon Taffetas,  including  Uie  new fawns   blues  purples, etc., also black; special silk sale $2.75 yard  BIG SPECIAL ON BLACK SILK ^^  A pure silk satin Duchesse, soft and a weave that will give excellent wear    Tliis is a  regular I)2.50 selling quality; 36 inch; special silk rale ..-  $1.95 yard  fflVW v. SILK CREPE DE CHINE  Twenty new colors in a pure siik weave Crepe dc Chine.   Rose, plum, apricot, paddy,  navy, grey, brown, nilc, mauve and eleven othcr good colors; 40 inches; special silk sale   $1.68 yard  i-        _ _ \   NEW MILLINERY SECTION <  Mrs. Stroud, of our Vancouver Store, is now in charge of our Ready to Wear Department with a practical knowledge of Millinery and all lines of Ladies' Wear. We are  confident of giving the very best attention to all our customers' requirements.  We should like all our customers to meet Mrs. Stroud.  Mail Order Department tt. VERNON, ft .c.      BBITISH COLUMBIA INTERIOR STORE  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-21018.  ARMSTRONG WEATHER  '   ,'Ai  f'r  REPORT FOR FEBRAURY  w^^JM  Exchange ffc������������������ Good Year  fi..  Date  1  -'*"������������������ ������������������:������������������  2  3  4  5  6  7  #  9  10  if  .13  The annual meeting of the Salmon Arm Farmers' Exchange was held on Saturday afternoon  under exceptional circumstances, the prices secured during the past year being tlie best that  have, as yet, prevailed whilst the output was considerably in excess of all previous ycars.   In the  presentation,of the various reports to thc meeting,H  thc fact was emphasized that there had been a'Jj  marked improvement and increase over previous 17  ycars whilst thc business connections of thc cx-'J^  change had been greatly strengthened.    The in- 20  crease in  thc total volume of business handled  was 676 Ions or 25 per ccnl more lhan-in 1917.  Apples constituted a very large pari of ihis increased production, thc quantity handled during  last year (1918) being an increase of 70 per cent  over "the previous year.   Berries and stone fruits  also showed a very substantial increase.  :._.Thc_Rrices_rcalizcd.durmg lhe_p������������������si-ypf������������������r- I'or all  ,' i  kinds of fruil averaged aboul 30 per cent over  (hose of 1917 and this, wilh thc increased production, enabled the exchange "lo distribute  among thc growers'nearly onc hundred thousand  dollars morc than in 1917. This fact would no  doubt stimulate growers to greater effort whilst,  at the same time, demonstrating lhc importance  of Salmon Arm as a fruit growing district. The  gross profits of the year's turnover was 7.6 per  cent, expenditures (including government loan)  amounted to 5.6 per cent, leaving a net profit of  2 per cent. Thc total turnover amounted to $258,-  537.79, the net profit being $5,297.58. A dividend  of 6 per cent was declared, and $1,000 placed to  reserve fund.���������������������������Salmon Ann Observer.  Max.    Min.  28 J0.i  24    -.������������������.-.. 9  23    "  ' 4  : 27.5 J7  35 24 v  33 ��������������������������� ' 18  29 9  29 .-,.,        9  38 21  39 i - .  28  40 33  39 !.   26  37 ' ' 29  35 19  35 24  38 " 22  40 ,' 25.5  35 13  35 '    26  35 29  37 29  34 22  18 12  19 -(>  22 In  31 16  28 IS  15 10  Mean temperature for the monlh,  25.02; snowfall for the month, 13.5  inches; rainfall for thc month, .22  -inches-r^total^precipilationT-^lTSvHn^  J\I;ix. for the month. 40 on the 11th  and 17lh; in in. for the month, -G on  the 24th.  &������������������������������������������������������������������������  :    l'-M--X}'.C  MMMWMWIAMMM  try our New Line of  You save tlie cost of special  package and packing and get the  quality. Buy in bulk and nofe  what you can "ave.    / -.  .!���������������������������   '.  nm * son  21  122  23'  24  25  20  '27  28  *AAAMAAM^^AMMAAAMAA������������������WWWMWW^  ENpewY wmnw  Pf0RT FOR FPRVARY  Thc Archbishop of Cantcrbury,_spcaking at the  British Columbia church meeting in London last  week, said that Brilish Columbia was already becoming a pivotal part of thc Empire. It might  hc, he said, dhat sixty ycars hence lhc whole balance of powcr and the centre of gravity would  havc gone westward.  A Cream Jitney  'x'-M':^'ii'^>Y;.sf^y  ^  There   is   nothing   ., .,*.*tf*W,.S*W  slow   about   the   Kelowna  DIFFICULTIES INCREASING  Dr. E. J. Dillon, under Paris date, in a cable to  tlie Province, Vancouver, sees trouble ahead for  all nations:  "So intent arc the victorious powers on preventing future wars that they have overlooked  '-liquidating the present one," says-he. The demon  procrastination dogs their footsteps, frustrates  their good intentions, and even unforseen accidents contribute to tile dangerous delay.  "Every passing episode is ground for po6tpon-  Creamery. Their business is making better, and  to do this thcy find it necessary to have cream,  consequently they have determined that if the  cream will not come promptly to the Creamery,  then the'Creamery will speedily go after the  cream. To accomplish this with the greatest dispatch the Kelowna Creamery has purchased a  splendidly equipped automobile, which arrived in  the city Tuesday. The car will carry 1,000 pounds  in weight and has a 35 h.p. engine of four cylinders. The cost of this car to the Creamery is  $1,825.00, but it is believed tliat tliis sum -will be  speedily repaid by the quickened transmission of  cream ahd the saving of time to the farmers.���������������������������  Kelowna Courier.  a  Q  1  o  3  ���������������������������I  f)  6  8  8  9  10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  24  25  26  27  28  32  27  25  29  35  34  32  29  37  41  40  40  40  36  37  38  4t  37  36  36  37  35  21  20  29  32  .27  16  10  7  16  23  20  9  10  27  28  33  25  29  20  26  32  28  15  ,.27  28  >28  27  12  -2  14  14  19  11  -5  s  cs  is-  *-,  22  20  9  6  15  23  22  2  9  8  15  11  20  10  5  10  26  10:  8  8  10  23  23  6  15  13  16  21  i  o  s  C/3  Vi  I  I  9  ���������������������������read the MARCJJ number'of  TRE RRITISH CQhVMBU  FARMED  (Formerly Fruit and Farm)  Official organ of the Unite*! Farmers of B.C.; B.C. Beekeepers' Association; Interior Wool Growers; Jersey  Breeders* Association, and other organizations.  Vj  3  2  '%:  2%  1%  1%  5%  %  .08  At  .03  for  Seven clear days, 12 part clear  and 9 cloudy; rainfall for month,  .26r-snowfall,Tor month, 20% in.;  highest temperature 41 on the 10th  and 17th; lowest temperature, -5 on  the 28th; mean temperature for the  month 25.65.     ��������������������������� *������������������������������������������������������   .  If you haven't tried Joe's baking you've missed a good thing.  Editor and Manager, W..E. McTaggart  Secretary of the United Farmers of B. C.  Formerly  Prairie Fruit Markets  Commissioner  British Columbia.   ���������������������������    MB. McTAGGABT has just assumed the. managemenTof  .the B.C. Farmer. He is well fcaown throughout the Province as a "live wire" on agricultural subjects. His pwns  provide for giving British Columbia farmers an agricultural journal of a standard equal to any similar publication in Canada. The Maroh issue is only a foretaste  af the good numbers to comt.  . :/i,        ���������������������������a partial list of special articles��������������������������� ���������������������������-. ���������������������������  Reaper |*ow4tr for B.C.  farmer*.       ...  jiveiy. naee brimful of i  in*-which the man on the  Vformatipn on.subiecte  land in B.C. is interested  Sample Copy Free on Ret teat���������������������������Send Today.  B.C. Farmer  Mr. MoTaggart waists your  support���������������������������your cooperation  ���������������������������in his effort to make, the  B. C. Farmer a real help to  the farmers of B. C.  Subscriptions $1.00 per yeas  Yorkshire Building  VANCOUVER, B.C.  '77:7  ��������������������������� '  : 5  S  IJRSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  x  a  sr    sr  X  abinets  icord  Cabinets   for  [mr machine and  records.  n't use a table  when   you  get a cabinet to suit your  de   of  machine and  hold  ir records.  S. BEST  Armstrong  ������������������      ARMSTRONG NEWS      ������������������  s? X  x x x x x x x x x x x x x  Miss R.  Smith left for Vancouver last week.  Mr.  Getz left  on Friday for  Edmonton on business.    *  Miss E. Lynn left last Friday  Word is received by the "Commoner" that Fte. A. Hollar.d  who was taken prisoner early m  the seco.id battle of Ypres in  1915, has returned, to England  and is now in Camp Seaford.  e .    .' X -      -  A social will be held at the  Hullcar hall on Tuesday evening, March 18th, at a quarter to  eight.    Mr.  Welsh  of Enderby  'ii   v   *������������������   S*  rs    j\    /,    j?  ENDERBY NOTES  x  ������������������ *s ������������������  X  L������������������  X  for Calgary where she will visit will lecture on "Bolshevism, its  cure."     Everybody  I. O. P.  i.   Court Armstrong  No. S429  1st aad 3rd Monday .eve in  Foresters' HaU  )pe, C. R. A.J. Eifsb. Fin. Sec.  psh .taffy and nut crisp at  fer's candy shop.  fughnuts    every    Tuesday  mrsday���������������������������at Joe's.  METHODIST CHURCH  Armstrong  ^m.iBm__um_m'mt  J.  Wesley  Miller,  Pastor  [day, March 16th.  Ii.m.���������������������������"Cleansing the Temple."  |!   p.m. ���������������������������r "Making  Democracy  (for Uie World."  Vday School 2.30 p.m.        ,      '  MMMMMWMA  ZION CHURCH  '"Armstrong   ,  , Rbv. WJ. SToirr, Minister  Jrch,i6        ,7. .t- Tt    .  la. m:--The Approach to God  |t5 ������������������ tn.���������������������������Sabbath,School.,  m.���������������������������Public -Worship  at  jn. ^..^.���������������������������r^M*p~-j;.:.^  p p:"m.���������������������������Capacity of= Service  night,; (Thursday) Forward  Ittient Meeting.  [5T. JAMAS'CHURCH  Armstrong  Bt. Bev. Bishop JPowejrH'wU|.h  late Holy Communion at 8.30  friends.  x  Mr. and Mrs. C. Sage came in  on Monday to visit the former's  mother.  x  Mr. G.   Murray   returned on  Tuesday from a business trip to  Calgary.  Mr. A. Stevens of Summer-  land was a visitor in Armstrong  last week. f-  Look for special sale's in boys'  flannelette shirts tliis week at  Renault's.  Mr..J. Burnstill came in from  Revelstoke last Friday on a-visit  to his mother.  tt '  Mrs. Kate Fisher returned last  week from Soap. Lake,, .where  she spent the winter.   -  " '   it   .'  Born���������������������������On   Wednesday,   Feb:  19th, to Mr. and Mrs. G. A. Mc-  Naughton, a daughter.  Cpl. R.H. Brown left on Monday for New Westminster after  spending a few "days here.   -  .X  Mrs. J.S. Patrick returned to  Armstrong^last week after spending sopie months at Edmonton.  x  Mrs. J., S. Tompkins and family left this week for Vancouver  whei^'they will reside in future.  \r Sgt. ^Wm. Blackburn, looking" hale'and hearty, is delighted  to get.home, back to old Ender-.  ^.Atrsv/C. B/vWihter returned  from\the coastythis.weekaccom-  p&hied-btf' her-Jsis'ter from/-Vic-  tona; <   K ^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������r:0'\-  x  ... iir'7.J.. C. Ashton left on Fri-  clay) for Tacoma-having received  jworflv of'y ttie villnessr op his  mother.  cause   and  welcome.  Mrs. E. Faint is  mother, Mrs. R. Jones  visiting  her  x  A correspondent asks the  Commoner: "Why do you not  rib up the.people to plant more  shade trees, put fish in the  creeks, at no cost except for the  asking, and to take down that)  old fence on the flats."  . * Sgt. : Jas. Martin  from France this week. He was  one of the first to volunteer,  going overseas and to France  with Canada's first contingent.  He saw a lot of France, but  nothing that looked so good to  him as the homeland.   ..  X   .  j R. J. Fletcher *��������������������������� unloaded two  cars of autos last Saturday. He  is particularly proud ,of the  "Baby Grand" Chevrolet car. He  also is sho\ying a Chevrolet  truck and a "Maxwell car. Mr.  Fletcher is determined to keep  up;the standard of ��������������������������� his garage  and is satisfied that the best is  none too good for Armstrong  car.buyers.  X       :  " A St; JPa trick's Country Dance  will be J given in the Avalon  Theatre/- Armstrong, on Monthly night, March 17th, by the  Armstrong Gaiety Club. Olu-  fashioned dances will be the fea-  tute,;of Jth^ifogram. We want  the countryiand town people, to  come and enjoy a regular old  timers', dance  dies 50c; .Gents' $1.00.  Mrs. Bishop left on Friday to  visit her sister, at Okanagan  Falls.  x  The  Okanagan  Sawmills  added, a carload of machinery to'1  the mill equipment this week.  Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Treat of  Revelstoke visited Mrs. Treat's  parents, Mr. and Mrs. G. Folkard last week.  Pte. "Sandy"   Dale   returned  jfrom the front Saturday morn-j  ing, looking hale and hearty and'  returned pleased to get back.  \-_\  Mrs. J. D. Tompkins and son  left   for , Vancouver   Tuesday,  where they .Will remain until the. p  return of Lieut. Tompkins, who  is expected in May."  The ladies of the Presbyterian  church will hold a Stl Patrick's  afternoon > tea and pantry sale  in the .Red1 Cross rooms on. Saturday/March 15th.'  S  ��������������������������� Manager Marley has had several of the old shacks on the  river bank1 near the bridge torn  down and4s haying,this portion  of. the mill yard otherwise improved in appearance..  x  Tlie Ladies' Aid of the Methodist church will hold a sale  of home cooking and candy in  the Enderby Red, Cross rooms  on Saturday next, March. 15,th.  Afternoon, :tea will be served.  .     AV 6"' _,  ^/ou are always welcome at this store even if you  . -*��������������������������� do not wish to by aud if you are int^resti-d  in girls' middies we invite 'you to * inspect* a few  lines, we are showing at 75c, ,������������������1.35 and -f J-.fcO each .  Also white and tan kid gloves of unparallel value" at  ������������������1.50a pair. " , .  Indian Head suitings with fine linen fiinish 3B ins.  wide at per yd 60c. also 29 inch at H5c.  Dainty check dimity and fine lawn at 40c a yd.  All-over laces in cream and white mnke lovely  blouses and libgerie, etc., at exceptionally low values  Very neat and pretty house dresses and bungalow  aprons at $2.25, $2.40 and ������������������2.70 each.  Silk sweaters, hewest style, Copenhagen and rasp.  beh-yat$12.  JUST ARRIVED���������������������������Cotton baits at 2 for 35c,  PREPARE FOR SPRING SHOWERS  A few raincoats and enpes which, we are giving  away at values ranging from $2 fo $5. Women's  umbrellas, $1.75 and 93.00 each.  In Munrp's Stott  Atmstrong  Announcing that I am in Armstrong and; have opened offices  in the Bank .of Hamilton Block. ,/ i  Licensed in United States and B. C. Everything ih up to  date dentistry.- Prices reasonable. Satisfaction guaranteed  Make appointments.early. J      Office hours 9 to 12 and 1 to 5.  Admission^ La-  ling Service-^-floJy Commun?  htl induction and institution  yr.SR; Alderson as rector of  hies*.  king Seryice 7:3Q, p.m.  Mother*' Circle will meet  Uday, March 2Jst, instead  U usual second Friday, in  Icthodist church hall at 3;  terocwell is to address the  jig and we hope Mi's. Ifar-  \l\ sing.    Mothers and the  Mr. p. C. Leary returned on  Tnesdny from Vancouver where  he attended the ^"ord ^^ef^'  convention.  .  X  .r/Bfr. N.t fergusoii 'receive*} tbe  news.last'week of the illness of  his mother at ^acpmbe.;������������������hd left  that day. fte was accompanied  as far as Calgary by Mrs. Ferguson.  All young ladies of Jto and upwards who desire to attend the  "gym"   on   Thursday   evenings  of children are cordially arc   requested    to    send    their  [���������������������������I to attend and enjoy an names .to the secretary, W. A.  ctivc and social time. It      Buckley.  >o  >o<  >o<  >o<  ������������������0  Ship to us direct���������������������������The top market price paid-  and equitable grading, made���������������������������No delays at any  point.  We are registered with and recognized-by. the  United States War Trade Board and all tlie collectors of customs under license p. F. p. 30, and  you can send your furs direct to us by our jtag or  any tag, changed to suit, if marked "Furs of Canadian Origin", and your furs, will come right  through.   , ;    , '. '   '   " '  .  Tlie rules and ethics of the exchange do not permit of sending out alluring price-lists, yet we give  you an exact and expert grading and pay you at  a rate of five to twen,ty-five cents more on the dollar than the average advertising fur companyj.as  we cut1 out all middlemen's profit in dealing,  direct with you.  XX X X X X X X X NX X X X'X  *77 :"/ .   :: "���������������������������"';''" s*" "i?j:vit  *-���������������������������   iiimdi) Notes���������������������������.;;7c*  X-V " -V     ��������������������������� - *> '- ' ..,>*'"������������������������������������������������������' X  XXX X X X X X X X X X XXx  ^'lMrs.M Cameron, and,, son.arr  rlyed^afc Grindrod oii Friday on  a visit' to her-daughter, Afrs.  Grahani., 'Xu 7. 7. ,. ..     v,v -'"  Friends of Frnie Skyrme will  be sorr/to hear that he bacj his  nose severely cut by a falling  ic$c!e'"whi!e at Svork������������������  'X .    ���������������������������     i  ������������������������������������������������������  Tlie Saturday night dances at  Grindrod have again been postponed fop two weeks on account  of the dances at Mara and  Grindrod.  H  Mr. Albert Price and family  moved from Vernon last week  to live at Mrs. Jtilc's homestead  for a short lime.  A dance and a basket auction  will be held at Grindrod in the  G. F. Hall on Friday, March 21.  Everybody welcome.    Twelve cars of posts, one of  wood, and two of poles were  shipped from Grindrod last  week.  '���������������������������'- Rev. Mr.-^ Daniel of Vancouver  will conclude the series of'evan-  gelistical ��������������������������� Services; held in the  Baptist' ctyurch7 next Sunday  morning at ^eleven o'clock,. The  public-are-invited. to this special  .setiyicelJ--l"'-. ���������������������������?,���������������������������,"*  '.''���������������������������   ''.S ...'.  ' '-.  '"-.��������������������������� yS's'JT'- .VSfjif"*-;-? ;7 -   "'��������������������������� '\  SxTftf ������������������������������������e^ meeting of the/Woj;  mdn's_ Club will be held at the  house of Mrs. Reeves,. Enderby,  on Saturday, March 15th, at 2.30  p.m.   There will be an open dis  cussion on *The f eague of Nations."0    }.���������������������������,;    ,        r  Pte. Jf.-:A'. Frestbn, another  fnderby nian, was ^liglited to  reach honif this week, after the  years of War acU\ity in. France,  ^ke nVostybf the boys returning  Fte. Preston is in  health.     :".  K  Mr. Wm. Owen was a \isitor  to Fnderby Saturday last from  Mara. Mr; Owei>-states that thc  question of opening the logged  off timber limits is again being  taken up wilh the government  at Ottawa.  Capt. Jas. Glen, JR. A. F., P. S.  O., sends word from London  that hc has been married, Miss  out of Vladivostock, - and from  what he says Stewart is, not infatuated with the conditions and  people of tliat-locality. .He says  the Russian. city ,is,.dirty? and  general conditions-ttiost unsanitary:: :The means;^o!ran!cjpn  Vladivostock;..streets: is largely  by''dog'l'<iarfcj dirawti-byrSiberian  ponies led: by'-the Russian peas-  ants.<-.>-   (���������������������������--' ,;.f'o<;ii<<,'witfi';.T(iO������������������-'v .  -Jfe-tr i: ^p^;J^^iaw  of Mayor Barnes,^returned from  the front last Fri4ay;.J4Pte. Gijl-  arcl Iws the chsUncti^of scrv-  ihg %9 months in the .fnont line  trenches, with. only ten days  leave in all that t.ijj*e, and coming out without a'scratch. He  m& iu the Vimy Ridge figlit; also at Mons and several dther engagements where $e Canadians  distinguished themselves, and  excellent he crossed the |\liiher \vith the  Canadian troops'of occupation.  I {REE 1 RIAL  I  8T. LQUI8 FUR EXCHANGE  7th & Chestnut, St.Louis, Mo., U. S. A.  1  X X X X XXXXXXXXXXX  X    G^AND VI^JW NOT^S     X  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  George Stowed left for  Hamiota, Manitoba; last Wednesday.  -X  Mr. McSherry ahd daughter  moved to Fnderby last week.  Mr. and Mrs. Gilbert Lidstone  are back on the Bench again.  They moved up from Grindrod  last -week.   '',  Mr. Kelly j, left for the prairie  last Wedne*lay, after spending  the -winter, in the woods here;  X  Aysleighload of our young  people attended tlie whist drive  and. dance at Peep Creek last  Friday.       '. I  X X X X fcXXX X XX XX X X X X  X In Loving Memory X  x uluan Ernestine wade x  X who  died   suddenly X  X March 13th, 1918 ,        ,   X  X :   None other knew how dear X  X she was to me.   "Gone but not X  X not forgotten." Inserted, by her X  iX'-'-sfst^sr.1"-'"^"'-': o  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  Josephine Earlc, of London, being thc charming bride. Capt.  and Mrs. Glen expect to visit  Fnderby early this summer.  The Methodist and Presbyterian congregations will worship  together on Sunday next, March  |6th, in, the morning in thc  Presbyterian church and in the  evening in the Methodist church.  Tlie Rev. F. A. Cassidy will  preach.  Tlie alarm of fire last Friday  evening shortly before 8 o'clock  was for a blaze in tlie blacksmith shop of Jas. McMahon.  The building was considerably  damaged and much, of the contents,.work tools, carriage material, etc.* rendered useless, but  the fire department kept the  flames to the; interior and soon  had the fire under control.  K  Signaller Stewart Glen writes  from Siberia, where the Canadians are stationed three miles  jtEAJty GARAGE  7   O. Ci LE ART, Proprietor  I?ORD DEALER  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  x x  x    ppEp CREFEK Npws    x  x x  XX X X Xl's X X X X X X X X X  Thc entertainment last week  cn lhc 7lh inst'. was largely attended. Thc usual program of  progressive whist and dancing  was much enjoyed. The win-  ncrs at whist were as follows:  Ladies' prize: Mrs. Woodhousc,.  an old Dresden pomander pot.  Gentleman's prize: a pack of  cards. Consolation prize: Mrs.  Frank Gifford. A large party  came from Grandview Bench in  spite of thc deep snow.  X  Tlie committee for entertainment on March 28th is as, follows: Mrs. Jamieson, Mrs.  Woodhouse, Mrs. Pavidson,  Miss Seymour, Miss Carlson,  J. Mcllish, H. Waby, G. Smiley,  A. Johnstone. Hon., treasurer,  T. Sharpe. - , ^-  X  Miss Jean Reed is coming to  visit Mrs. Robson next week.  Miss Reed is the Hon.,president  of: the United Farni Women of  Xlberta, anti' is going to speak  at the Woman Voter's meeting  hV Fnderby oh March 22n& It  will be remembered that when  Miss Reed visited "this district in  tli fall the city was' closed on account of influenza and shc was  unable fo speak.  Mrs. F. A. Whitaker asks if  prospective music pupils will  kindly write or call;at the house  (late Gregory) between 2 and 5  ,JV-f  W*~will.:ferid this new tWSQN  PIMfONP 4MPER0U ami ^election  from our 4.-000 pnw������������������ar,ahlf BIpc  Aniberol Records to^'vowf^boWJC,  for, Five pays' fXtff TWAL  particular*:nnJ Price1 List free  -  The IW'^MfM  Jidison Distributors for the OkunaRan  VU^NQN.^C-  Public Notice  Owing to having made other  business arrangement 1 have  concluded to discontinue the  milk deliveries in Enderby, with  thc end of March.  __Wc_takc_ .this, joppprtu nity_ _to_  thank the people of Enderby for  thc generous support they have  given mc. V. A. Poison.  Enderby, March oth, 1919.  STRAYEP  Onto my ranch since last summer;  one bay colt, ape ahout 2 years. If  not claimed in 30 davs will be sold  for expenses. N. PAV1.QS, Mara  Feb. 5th, 1019.,.;    ., 5-5  Repairs to all Make9 ofcar*.   Phone 22 p.m.  Saturday  to arrange les-  ���������������������������RM8TRONO. BC  'son hours.  84-tf  PubliP flHPtlpn      OF   Horses, Csttle. Implnneni*,   nm-  ebinery and Honsebold Goo<It for  Mr.   Jno.   Mnnsell   at   Ms farm,  North part of Gity on  Fri, 1Uh Mnh  Full  . ot 1.30  Particulars    in     Posters  Mat. Hassen  Auctioneer, Armstrong  ���������������������������ii-X.-  ��������������������������� -\',.  'I  i  V  (  1  1  ' 1  I  1  v]  K-  *>! .'"  i  V  : I  ^Wg^j^^Mf^^^^������������������H^4^.ttij^������������������.>;y^^yiUXWa^^ OKANAGAN ..COMMONER  THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  .0  EMANCIPATING WOMEN  ITS TIME  You were having your   watch   repaired.    Bring it in and let us  examine it for you  OUR WATCHES  They keep such good time you can  always  rely  on  them.      It's  the  same with all our Jewelry; youM  find it satisf; ctory.  J C. Adams  The Quality Jeweler  Armstrong  ti  The Right Supplies  make even bad weather seem better  if you must take your car out in a  ���������������������������torm,,  TVe carry nhe best lubricants-oils  greases and gasoline.  "We also   do expert repair work  promptly at  Our Garage  Bv and by there won't be any h-usewrrk to co.  In fact, wilh lhe gradual shortening V the hours  of labor, from ten hours a day hi Vne, then lo  eight, and now it is proposed to make il six, there  won't bc much work for anybody, and everybody  can go fishing or revel in pink teas, afternoon  cards, etc. Talk about work. Why we've seen men  ancl women do more work in an hour at tennis or  somc othcr sport than they would do" in aVnonth  in the home or oflice. Yet women must bc emancipated. We have it on the authority of Mrs. Charlotte Perkins Gilman of New York, author .of  "The Man-made World." Mrs. Gilman recently  visited Toronto and addressed the United Women  Voters of the "City of the Good." Mrs. Gilman  has discerned a new arid far-reaching stronghold  of human bondage���������������������������the home. Her theory is  that domestic labor was originally imposed on  women by man, whom shc regards as a lazy .and  selfish animal; and that the time has come when  domestic labor should cease. Hcr Toronto address was largely confined to the cooking problem, and she presented elaborate statistical information to show that the labor women now bestow  on preparing food1 represents waste; firstly, because comparatively few women arc good cooks;  and secondly, because cooking could bc pooled  or syndicated under a system of communal kitchens, with a resultant saving of labor and expense.  Where one's heart is in his work, labor ceases  to be drudgery; in fact, onc is not content to be  away from it, or to allow more frivolous things  to interfere with it. Wc have noticed that the  women whose hearts are in their home have very  little desire to be "cmancipatcd."Emancipators of  tliis ilk arc largely women without homes or  lacking in the home-making spirit. The real  homemakers of tlie land are the last to want to  bc "emancipated."  A Wise Swede  A Swede went into a lawyer's office to get him  lo make out a conveyance for some land he had  purchased. Hc said he wanted a mortgage, but  the lawyer said he should have a warranty deed.  "No," said the Swede, "I once had a wananty  deed to a farm, but another man had a mortgage  and he got the farm.   I want a mortgage."  c  School Teachers Organize  An interesting movement has just been started  in the Okanagan Valley. Various schools in the  Valley sent delegates to a convention which was  held in Penticton Public School last Friday evening. Many schools that found difficulty in sending delegates sent letters expressing their willingness to co-operate in thc movement.  Thc meeting was a most enthusiastic onc, and  the unanimous opinion was that the teachers of  the Okanagan should form an association, which  later should be affiliated1 with the Teachers' Federation of British Columbia,       y  An effort will be made to reach every teacher in  the Valley during the next few weeks for the purpose of inviting ..membership. It was also proposed to arrange a general convention of teachers  some time tliis spring. The arrangements were  left in the hands of thc "executive.���������������������������Summerland  'Review.  BUY WAR SAVINGS STAMPS  THE YANKEES ON THE MARNE  Okanagan Garage  Armstrong, B.C.  Fbone 77  Afents for McUuffbltn and Chevrolet Can  Our  Want A4s  are  Winners  ars  Axe you satisfied  -with the catch?  Are you using- the  best bait ?  Classified Want  Ads.   in   this  paper bring  results.  c*#m|kMi wna* m������������������cmmi  ^  I PAY CASH for POULTRY  and EGGS  (According to T. Atkins)  Oh  thc English and the Irish, and the 'owlin'  Scotties too,  The   Canucks   and, Australians,   and   the   'airy  ������������������ French poilu���������������������������  The only thing that bothered us a year before  we knew; ������������������   V  Was 'ow in 'ell tlie Yanks 'ud look an' wot in 'ell  they'd do.  They 'adn't 'ad no trynein', they didn't know the  gyme,  They 'adn't never marched it much, their shootin'  was the synie,  An' the only thing tliat bothered us that day in  lawst July,  Was 'ow in 'ell the line 'ud 'old if thcy should run  aw'v  Them leggy nosey new 'uns. just come across thc  sea���������������������������  Wc couldn't 'clp but wonder 'ow in 'ell lhcir guts  'udbc.  - -  An'  the only thing lhat bothered us, in all our  slaggcrin' ranks  Was won in 'ell 'ud'appen w'en lhc 'uns 'ad 'it the  Yanks.  !������������������n^wor(i7lT^7ipp^  first begun,  Wc seed   the Yanks  a-runnin'���������������������������Gaw  blimy  'ow  they run!  But the only thing lhal bothered us, about them  leggy lads,  Was 'ow in  'ell  lo  gel  thc chow  to  feed  their  "kamcrads."  Gaw's   trcwlh!   it's  rotten   fightin'   that   all  our  troops 'as seen,  Tlie 'un's a dirty..plycr.beeps he's always becn;  But the only thing that bothers'us in 'andin' in  thanks  Is 'ow in 'ell we'd done it if it weren't for the  Yanks.  Shipments solicited whether  large or small. Remittance  made on day of receipt of goods  at prevailing market prices.  A. E SAGE      Armstrong. BC.  Every ordinary unused nook  and corner of the farm should  lie brought to growing feed for  stock next spring.  There is an estimated decrease of 28,000,000 head of  cattle in the principal countries  of Europe. Years must elapse  before European beef and dairy  production is back tQ normal.  The Horseless Vehiclt  "It's funny how afraid your horses still are of  automobiles up here," said a summer visitor to a  Maine farmer.  "J don't know that it is so funny," answered  the farmer. "Not so strange, when you think  how an automobile must look to a horse. Would  it not seem strange to you if you saw my pants  comin' down the road with nothin' in 'em?"  That thc people get as good government as  Ihey deserve has been regarded as an axiom. It  is not. Thc truth is:. Thc people gel as bad governmcnl as lhcy permit;    .  If yon are thinking of purchasing  watches, Jewellery, Diamonds, Cut-  Glass, Silverware, Clocks, etc. Look  up any catalogue yon may. have,  pick out what you want, 131*1:  instead of sending order out of the  Okanagan, send order to ns. AH  3'ou do is give name of catalogue  Page ancl number. We do the rest  at  same   prices and terms.  O. J. WHITEN  Okanagan's Jeweller,  Vernon, B.C.  Mr. Campbell Sweeny, Provincial Chairman of  the British Columbia Division, National War Savings Committee, recently said:  'The war. is over, and it might bc thought patriotic effort in thc way of saving and lending to  thc Government is no longer necessary, but this  is not the case for the following reasons: While  actual fighting'has stopped, an army of occupation will have to be kept in thc enemy country  for somc time, and Canada musl furnish its  quota of this army. The payment and provision  for our army during the course of demobilization  has also to bc provided for. and, above all, money  must be found to properly pension our soldiers,  and provide for thc dependents of those who havc  made the great sacrifice for our protection and  for the preservation of the freedom of the world.  "Further, much money will be required for the j  development of our natural resources, by which j  means alone can we pay voff thc heavy national  debt the war has imposed upon us, and for all  these purposes we must finance ourselves, for  the rest of the world wants what money it has for  its own uses.   The success of the Victory Loans  has proved conclusively that Canada can finance  herself if shc determines to do so, and what is  asked of her now is to supplement thc magnificent bursts of patriotism which have produced  over $1,000,000,000 in two years, by persistent  economy, and so steadily.kept the country's cof-j  fers fillet! and the country's soldiers fed, and the  country's industries flourishing."  Wav*? you bought yon  MliWIIF'ii' (Vu7.\ IV!  We   spM   th*������������������m  Put your  THRIFT  STAMPS  on an  Earning  Basis  *>$&  Remember, when you are  filling up your Thrift Card,  that the 25 cent Thrift Stamps,  which you can buy wherever  you see the above sign, are  simply a means to an end.  \ Thrift Stamps earn no interest  The interest begins when your  Thrift Card, filled with 16  Stamps, is taken to the Money*  Order Post Office, Bank or  other place displaying the  &eaver-Triangle sign, and exchanged as $4.00 in the pur*  chate of a War-Savings Stamp,  which costs $4.02 this month.  War-Savings Stamps earn A\_  ber cent compound interest,  being redeemable on January  1*1924, tor $5.00 each.  WriAX^  Try "Commoner"/  Want A4������������������-  KING  A name that stands for the best in hotel service  KipgMwar4 Hotel,     L������������������; ���������������������������RPUy    M<*fo  So we're standin' all together in a stiflish firm'  line  If anyone should awsk you, you can say we're  doin' fine,.  But the only tiling tliat bothers us, an' that don't  bother much���������������������������  Is 'ow in 'ell to get the dirt to bury all the Dutch.  Ow, the English and thc Irish, an'  the 'owlin'  Scotties too,  The   Canucks   and   Austrylians,   an'   the   'airy  French poilu,  The only thing that bothered us don't bother us  no more*,  It's why in 'ell wc didn't know the Yankee beys  before!  ���������������������������By Emerson Hough of the Vigilantes.  mm  NWSKRAT  WINTER  FAIL  WOm OR FURRED. CASED  wm  OPEN OR  HEADLESS  30.00 to 25.00  3.00t������������������ ������������������50  I30to 1.90-  N9I.EXTRALARG6  nrre* to *v������������������M6C  ii     >��������������������������� =o=  30.00to24.00  22.001O J8.00  22.00tol8.00  225to ).75  1.30(9 1.60  N? I. LARGE  22.OOtflW.00  I6.00to 14.00  16.00 to 12.00  IWto 1.30  l.50t| 1J>0  NHMEMUM  16.00ttI4.00  12.00ttlt.00  JO.OOtt 8.00  - ,,~ s V  UOtt .90  lOOlt M  NHSNAU.  12.00 tt 10.00  9.0019 7.00  10.00 It 5.00  M0ft   J5  mm  N������������������ 2  fimm  S.OOtt 5.00  400tt 2.50  J5tt 25  N?3  9.0019 2.00  2*tt 150  2.0dm i.oo  tmmmmmmmm  SH0T.WMGW  ���������������������������wwm  ATHI6HKT  HARtfTVAUie  THESE ,  EXTREMELY  HIGH PRICES  QUOTED W?  IMMEDIATE  SHIPMENT1  for mor������������������ than thirty-five yean "SHUBERT" h*������������������ been giving Fur Ships*** ������������������n honert and liberal ewerlweBt-^ytaf tbe bifbeetwwbet  price*-*en<iii������������������������������������return*outnremptl-f-^remleriiif "better ���������������������������erviee"���������������������������"wiefcer." No llceiuel* requiredtofbifCatiadlMRawFuntnm  any part of Canada to "SHUBERT.".Shipment* valued at wore than ?100 mutt be marked"GRNERAJ. IMPORT UCENSE f 1 f 90."  "SBlWEWr'Want*IWtfslt Columbia Fnr������������������-All T#w Caw SWp  A"3HUBERTJAGEWaOfE,'onvoUr������������������hlpmentm������������������������������������M>������������������reiPo^;;  ,-W tot your furs-"q������������������Seker"���������������������������,,tS������������������ be������������������t eed prewptert SERVICE is tbe werW."  ���������������������������'&���������������������������'"��������������������������� GIST A SHIPMENT OFF TOPAT  " There It No Duty on fUw Fort CowfRg 1st* Chicago (row Amy P*rt tf Canto"  /\s - Eft  * ������������������S������������������ H &������������������ -_z% IE������������������ ������������������-*b,,   ������������������ v  f a/t-  THl        iRGEi      H    JSE   /*    THE   nGPlL     DEAL     'G    ������������������ ,   ~ L J l , I \<  . Ifvl -=L RICA l^������������������    f*LA\Af    ^URS  \>     Tl   W/-,ibti.\    Ave       _-2SS_J-__MM     Ch;M.,:( V   .;,   A THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 1919  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  7  1} Raise two crops of pigs a year,  r'it is the common practice in the  |! Eastern and Central States  I. V. SAUDER CO.  Corner Schubert St. and Railway  Ave.  Box 217 Phone 341  VERNON, B. C.  The Men Who Make Out Shoe*  know their business, , They   have  splint a life.tijine��������������������������� at. it...,...The.'re-]  suit is shoes that contain���������������������������,all "the  ���������������������������; elements.of style and  grace  with  [J the .greatest amount of comfort. ....  for Spring Wear  We are showing   all   the   newest  \ shapes  ������������������s well  as the   good old  favorites.     We' could   say a lo  about their beauty and low prices,  I'.hut we prefer that you  judge  for  \ yourself in a personal xisit.  Jh*   Arrortron*   Poo*    Store  Qppo.it������������������ Opera H������������������>w������������������e  : All l������������������ran=l������������������������������������������������������ of repvrtof o)ono  <  MAT-JfASS^N  Auctioneer and livestock   Salesman: :  A^tMST^ONO      P. C.  *^^^^*^^^N^S^^^  I have a wide acquaintance  amongst buyers. Consult me  when you want to hold a sale  Also send me particulars of i ������������������v  surplus stock you wish to dispose  of.  PHONE No. 34  I !<������������������<hc������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������0������������������O'>o������������������o������������������'������������������i������������������<,o������������������������������������������������������oo  )'  C. F. B. Ucense No. 9-3409  lc if vou haven't tried our hams  and   bacon you have   not had  the best  Geo. R. Sharpe  Wholesale and Retail Butcher  Enderby  LAND REQUIREMENTS FOR INDIAN RESERVES  ARE GREATLY OVERESTIMATED  Away back in 1884, Wm. Smith, the Chief  Commissioner of Lands and Works of tlie Province, summed up the case relating to our Indian  reserves in a single letten more forcibly than all  tlie reports of Indian Commissions have done  from tliat day to this. These Indian commissions  nust have cost tlie Dominion hundreds of thbus-  ds of dollars, yet we have to see a report���������������������������and  many have been printed���������������������������which gives the situation so clearly as this letter written by Mr.  Smithe to Mr. O'Reilly, then engaged in selecting  lands to be held in reserve for tlie Indians.  When it is remembered that the amount of  reserve lands in the Okanagan Valley is 850 acres  for each Indian family of five persons, the injustice of the case, in view of tliis letter, is painfully  apparent partitcularly when 160 acres is all the  government allows a white man and liis family as  a homestead.   But read tlie letter:  Thc Cliief Commissioner of Lands and Works  to Mr. O'Reilly.  "Victoria, B. C, November 29th, 1884.  "Referring to your letter of the 25th inst, covering a 'return showing the number of Indians residing in thc Kootenay district, thc number of  horses and cattle owned by them, also the total  acreage enclosed or cultivated.' I have the honor  to say that in the return there is nothing to indicate how many families are upon, or in the vicinity 'of,, the several tracts of land which you  have proposed for reserves in the Kootenay District. The total number of Indians for the whole  district is given, but whether they are equally di-  divided among the several allotments is not made  clear.  "It think it my duty to call your attention to the  following facts:  "British Columbia, under the Terms of Union,  is required to make as liberal an allowance of  land for the use and benefit of the Indians  as was the custom before Confederation, under  thc Colonial Government. <��������������������������� It was found, upon  enquiry after Confederation, that the custom previous thereto has becn to allot ten acres to each  family of five persons; but tlie Dominion Government, upon assuming the care and control of the  Indians of the Province, asked for more liberal  grants of land than had becn customary, representing that tlie welfare of the Indians demanded  a larger allowance. Tlie utmost amount of land  asked for, however, by the Dominion authorities,  to beset apart for tlie benefit of the Indians, was  SOacrcs to each family of fiye persons.- The Provincial government of the day demurred to giving  80 acres, which,lhcy considered to be an excessive  area, and they offered to give 20 acres to each1  family of five, persons. After a great deal of correspondence, the Dominion Government assented  to the view of the Provincial Government, and hy  Srder in Councirdated 24tli of April, W4. agreed  to accept a reserve of 20 acres to each five persons.  Subsequently, it is true, an arrangement was  made by which the agreement to give and lake respectively 20 acres to each live persons was superseded, and commissioners were appointed, representing both governments, to deal with tlie whole  question of Indian reserves In the province.and  to majce such allotments as might,be necessary,  according to the various requirements of the  several tribes, without being bound by strict limit  of 20 acres to each live persons. The idea was,  as I have always understood it, that under certain  circumstances and conditions the area previously  agreed upon might be found either too large or  too small than was requisite, and that the Commissioners should he at liberty tp give a less or  greater amount, as the reasonable requirements  or necessities of the case might demand.||ow very  and when they should become more advanced and  able to cultivate and make productive larger areas  the true policy would be to keep them no longer  in tutelage, but to enfranchise them and enable  tliem to take land in the same way, to the same  extent, and under the same conditions of settlement and improvement as others citizens do.  "(Signed)     S������������������ Wm. Smithe, T    ,  "Chief Commissioner of Lands and Work."  CHINESE IN FIGHTING MOOD  different was tlie view ofTlielCommissioners, the  areas they set apart as reserves, with such reckless extravagance, in ail parts of the country, amply demonstrate.  "Since you have had the work of laying out reserves I am bound to say tliat a much fairer and  accurate appreciation of the Iduties and responsibilities has been displayed. At the same time, I  cannot but think that in Kootenay you have overestimated the requirments of the Indians and under-estimated those of thc whites, who, if not  there now, arc more than likely in thf nar future  to be found there, anxiously looking for land to  settle upon.  "I find that the area proposed by you lo be  given to the Kootenay Indians amounts, to about  440 acres to each family of li\e persons; and  when, as is reported by you, the proporlio??ate  area enclosed and cultivated by the tribe is only  about one acre to each family, it does not appear  that any necessity for 439 across more of unenclosed land, to be set apart for each ������������������������������������������������������of them, exists. No one, I think, will venture lo say that Indians are capable of using as much land as white  men, and our Land Act only contemplates providing a homestead of 320 acres to a white family  in the same district, and the Dominion authorities  only recognize a white settler's claim to 160 acres  of land within their own railway reserve.  "I am of opinion lhat so long as Indians are so  slightly advanced in the ways and customs of civilisation, it will be impossible for them to utilize  tracts of land more than sufficient for while men;  In recent weeks hundreds of Chinese have left  Canada for their homeland. Several days ago a  Chinaman���������������������������one of a carload and one of many  carloads which have come west to Vancouver���������������������������  was asked why they were going hack to China  and the rcpy came quickly: "To fight the Japs."  This is thc reply commonly given, and in view of  the following will be understandable:  John O'Brien, of the London Times cable service, in a'special to the Vancouver Province from  Paris, says:  "Thcrc is going to be one of the liveliest sessions of the Council of Ten when the Japanese  clause, relating to Tsingtao and the Pacific Islands comes up for formal consideration. The  delegation from Peking is ready to fight to the  last against permitting Japan fo get away with  what the Chinese openly denounce as 'aggressive  imperialism.' Basing their attitude on the Wilson idea of the 'League of Nations,' the Chinese  delegates make no secret of their hope that out of  the peace conference will a new China arise free  from all alien interference. Nor do they hesitate  to affirm that unless the Far Eastern question is  solved in accordance with the fundamental principle of thc right of every nation to dispose of  itself freely, the hope of preventing or minimizing the chance of future wars by the League of  Nations is illusory.  "Ever since the publication of reports, counter-reports, denials and counter-assertions regarding thc. alleged secret treaty between Japan  and China there has been a feeling here that an  explosion was bound to come. It came Monday  night. It was heralded by the apparently guileless invitation: 'Mr. Lou Tseng ,Tsaing requests  the pleasure of your company at tea on Tuesday.'  "Being Mardi Gras, we rgarded the party as  merely^ an Oriental, .courtesy' to foreign newspapermen. ^It was. more than that. Gathered at the  Hotel Letunia we found the entire Chinese dele  It  gation to the peace conference.  . J "It .was before tliis assembly, after a few words  of greeting in1 French by the Chinese envoy to  Paris, that Chanting T. Wang delivered a speech  in English, setting forth China's desire for *Jib-  eratiomor release.from the burdens and conditions imposed, on her in the interest of aggrssive  imperialism and necessarily in conflict with herself in conditions of. life.'  "Wang, who is a Vale graduate, referred to  'tlie unfortunate series of wars' which brought  China into the orbit of alien civilization, recounting tlie difficulties she encountered in adapting  her life to the new environment, fle detailed the  obstacles placed in her way to prevent China  from entering tlie war on tlie side of the allies  and made a plea for 'international order in which-  we shall be free to life untrammeled and un-  threatened by. a type of state whose material  greatness is based on war.'  "To my question: 'Is not ityr. Wang's speech a  pretty plain intimation that Japan entered the  war for purely selfish ends?' JCoo j^ade this  cryptic reply: 'According to what lie says, yes.'  "Quo^Tai^GhHwas^ess^secreUver^He^showed  me a mass of documents which lie said were un  published official Japanese letters proving that  Japan's sole reason for entering the war was to  obtain full control of tlie Shantung Peninsula and  possession of the Pacific Islands north of the  equator. These documents will be used in support of China's contention before the Council of  Ten.    Until then they are not to be published."  Encouraging Habit of Thrift.  Illustrating what one patriotic and enthusiastic  school principal has done lo encourage the habit  of*thrift.among his pupils and incidentally showing what others can do to further the success of  the war savings campaign, Mr. James Gordon,  principal of Hie Kelowna Public School, has organized a scheme for the benefit of his own  scholars. Every Thursday the children bring  their quarters to the school and purchase Thrift  Stamps, MrVGordon buying sufficient from the  local bank to satisfy requirements. When thc  pupil has acquired 16 Thrift Stamps they are exchanged for a War Savings Stamp. Tlie total  sales are published in the local newspapers each  week, and thus the children and their parents arc  kept in touch with tlie progress of the War Savings plan. Mr. Gordon commenced with a 'very  satisfactory week, and confidently predicts increased returns as the interest has grown con-  siderablv.  ESTABLISHED     1872,  BANK. OF HAMILTON  Thrift is of vital importance, but alone it is not  sufficient at tlie present stage in Canada's development. The money saved must be used for  the production of new wealth in order tliat the  growth of the country may be unhampered The  Bank of Hamilton assists and encourages increased production.  ARMSTRONG BRANCH  H. L. Paynter.  For quick business connection  there is nothing  to equal our  Long Distance  Service 4  **>.    "*"% T*  OKANAGAN TELEPHONE CO.  :3  Senilis  your subscription  to tne Commoner-$2  .ao  C. CREEP  , Real Estate and Insurance Agent.  Auctioneer and Live Stock Saleman  ARiMSTBONG, J3. C.  'V OKANAGAN COMMONER  THURSDAY, MARCH 13, 191  CLASSIFIED ADVTS.  a \vi>rd   first insertion;  lea word  thereafter.    25c minimum  Sunday  Edward,  hotel.  ���������������������������dinner   at  Enderby's  the  King  popular  FOR SALE ��������������������������� Returned Berkshire  brood sow; and S. C. White Leghorn cockerels. T. D. Mitchell,  Armstrong. 84-2t  $,      I ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������M..I      -, ���������������������������     I  ��������������������������� -    .1 -���������������������������'��������������������������� II ������������������������������������������������������  MAILING LISTS ��������������������������� Multi-typewritten letters, multigraplung, addressing, mailing, campaigns developed, sales analysis, advertising counsel, catalogs, folders,  sales letters, etc. prompt attention given to all orders. Address  The Central West, Limited, Wat-  rous, Sask.  HATCHING EGGS���������������������������Rhode Island  Reds, from mature stock. All  prize winners. Write or phone.  L.  E.  Smith,  Armstrong.  8-1-4  FARMERS' INSTITUTE MEETING  ���������������������������At Armstrong Citv Hall. March  18, 2 p.m. Al :,S.H) a meeting will  follow to organize a Seed Growers' Association. Meeting will bc  addressed by Mr. Hogan, Victoria  nnd   Mr.   Heilman,   Summerland.    84-1  FOR    SALE���������������������������Two    splendid    pure  bred   S.  C.  While  Leghorn   eocker-  els.    *2.:~)Q cash.       A. C. Fulton  FOR SALE���������������������������I will sell my driving  mare and outfit complete, consisting  of--1   buggy,   cutter,  har-  ' ncss. robes, blankets at a bargain.  S.   F.   Hartry,   Enderby     84-3t  j&Sii'ays  Produce the Best  Sold Everywhere  Writ* to-day for Catalogue���������������������������Nov/ Ready  THE  WILLIAM  COMPANY  LIMITED  372 GRANVILLE St., V������������������&G������������������&JVER, K3.0.  ALSO AT TORONTO MONTREAL WINNIPEG  Takes Over Opera House  Enderby's orchestra association, led by Mr. Robarge, bas  taken a lease on lhc Enderby  Opera   House  for  present address is unknown, is the  owner of lhe land hereinafter mentioned, subject to the PhiintifPs  mortgage.  2.      By   Indenture   of   Mortgage  bearing date the 20th dav of June,  . A.   1).   1913,  and   registered   in   the  a   period   oijLund   Registry   Ollice   for  the   IMs-  lwr> x'O'ivi   Thpv Ivivp nnrclvised   Jricl  ol   Ya,e'������������������  :>l  ,,1e  city  of  Kam-  FINE BRONZE GOBBLER  E.  Stiekland,  Grindrod.  for sale.  82-2  FOR SALE���������������������������Brown mare, 9 years,  weight 1,100, with foal. N. W.  Perrv, off Otter Lake Road. Armstrong. S4-2t  FOR    SALE���������������������������An    excellent   heifer  coming 2 years due to calve Apr.  3rd, or a good cow 6 years old,  milking.    D. J. Welsh, :Endcrby.  __ ��������������������������� 82-2__  FOR EXCHANGE���������������������������Prairie quarter, 135 acres cultivated; bal. pasture. Sure cropper, close lown.  S4.000. Ecpiity -S2.200; bal. easy  terms. Want bottom lands with  small snug buildings, in city or  very close jn. A. Z., Commoner  oflice.         "  FOR SALE���������������������������Young cows, ��������������������������� fresh  and to freshen soon. W. Norman,  Armstrong, 81-tf  FOR SALE���������������������������Household efurniture;  stoves, sewing 'machine, etc. Must  be sold quickly, for cash. R.-W.  Patten...Enderby 81-tf  "WANTED���������������������������A good second-hand  buggy. ��������������������������� Apply, Vv'm: Gregory,  Armstrong.     "78-tf  "WANTED���������������������������Four  or 5-h.p.  gasoline  engine   and   pole   saw.     Must   foc|Sanilorium  cheap, for cash. W. R. Hogan 82-2  a piano i'on the Opera House and  intend lo give periodical dances  and oilier entertainments. Thc  orchestra is rapidly developing  into a first-class musiciil'organization and wc anticipate a period of pleasure and profit for the  members as well as the public.  The first of their dances will  bc held Monday night, when a  fee of 50 cents will bc charged.  It is the intention of the orchestra to play at the motion picture  shows each Friday night, beginning tliis week, and following  the show there will be dancing  for. an hour or two.  Book. Volume  7.  Enderby Council Meeting  FOR SALE���������������������������Having bought a  larger machine, have for sale a  small cream separator in first  class oondition; all bearings are  new.   H.A. Fraser, Armstrong  IN POUND���������������������������One white sow,  weighing over 300 pounds.  . Owner can have same by calling and paying damagrs.������������������������������������������������������ I  claimed within 20 days will be  sold for expenses. A.. E-  Warner, Poundkeeper.    <_  Real Estate and Insurance  List your Properties and Houses.  Crockery at  Wc arc showing a large slock  of crockery and glassware al thc  9  old prices. Full sets and odd  pieces. All llie best quality. Real  bargains in dishes; fancy  plain.  and  At Lhc regular meecling of the  Enderbv Cilv Council Monday  night, the election of Alderman  Coltart.. was cllicially proclaimed as police commissioner.  A resolution was passed urging thc Provincial Gbvermcnt to  postpone introduction of the  proposed Municipal Act.  A letter dated March 4th was  read from thc King Edward  tating. that Mrs.  Lena Carlson, the t. b. patient  who had been main tained by the  city i'or many years, had died on  Feb. 17th.  NOTICE  To Arthur J. Watson,  formerly,   of   the   city   of   Ann-  strong. B. C.  TAKE NOTICE that a Plaint and  Summons has been issued against  yon out' of the Countv Court of  Yale, at.the suit of Elsie M. Hatt,  particulars of which are as follows  SUMMONS  In thc County Court of Yale holden  at   Vernon,   in   the   Province   of  British Columbia.  Between   Elsie   M.   Hatt,   Plaintiff,  and Arthur J. Watson, Defendant.  TAKE NOTICE that unless within  days after the personal service of this summons on you, inclusive of the day of such service,  you file with the Registrar of this  Court at Vernon, B. C., a dispute  note, dated and signed by yourself  or your solicitor, in answer to thc  claim which the Plaintiff makes on  you, as per margin, thc particulars  of ���������������������������which...are-.hereunto- annexed,  the Plaintiff may proceed in this  action, and judgment may be given  against you in your absence:  Claim        ������������������722.68  Fee for Plaint         10.00  Solicitors   cosls           5.00  eight  WOODJ  C. F. 13. License No. 8-12980.  ���������������������������Cliff St. Enderby  ENDERBY, B.C.  Dissolution of Co-Partnership  We, the undersigned, doing business under the name of Skyrme  Bros., have mutually agreed lo dissolve partnership.  Any claims agaist the co-partnership must be sent to Thos.* R.  Skyrme on or before Feb. 28th. No  claims will be recognized after  thai dale.  THOS. R. SKYRME,  ERNEST SKYRME.  Grindrod, Ii. C, .Jan. 10, 1919.  Total     $737.08  If you file thc dispute note with  the Registrar wilhin thc time specified, lhe Registrar will send you  by post notice of llie day upon  which  tlie action  will  be  tried.  Sealed by the Registrar with thc  Seal of the above Countv Court this  I-llh dav of Januarv, A.'D. 1919. To  the  Defendant Arllui ��������������������������� J.. Watson.  PARTICULARS OF CLAIM  1. The Plaintiff, somc time of  Armstrong, in llie Province of British Columbia, al present resitting  in Loudon. England, is thc mortgagee of Ihe property hereinafter  mentioned, and llie Defendant, Arthur .1. Watson, formerly of Armstrong, British Columbia, and whose  STATIONERY  CANDIES  CIGARS  TOBACCO  CIGARETTES  TOYS  MU&IC  AND MANY OTHER LINES  Folio 09, as Number 1012K, the Defendant did grant aiul0 mortgage  unto the Plaintiff for 'the purpose  of securing repayment of l:.e suiTi  of Kive Hundred ($500.00) Dollai ������������������  with interest at the rate of eight  (8%) per cent per annum on the  following lands situate in the Osoyoos Division of Yale District, that  is to say: Lots twenty-one (21) and  twenty-two (22), according to a  map or plan deposited in the oilice  of the District Registrar, for the  District of Yale, at the city of Kamloops, and therein numbered 801.  3. Default has. becn made in  payment of the principal and interest secured by the said mortgage and there is now due and payable the principal sum of Five Hundred (S500.00) Dollars and interest  at the rate of eight (8%) "per cent  per annum from the date of the  said  mortgage.  4. The Defendant was in possession of the said lands until he abandoned and left the same and thc  lands are now unoccupied and un-  cared for ONcepting that lhe Plaintiff has paid lhe taxes/in respect  of same .up to the end of thc vear  1917.  Wherefore the Plaintiff' Claims:  1. Possession of the said lands  pending final judgment in this  action.  2. That account bey-' taken of  what is due and payable from  the Defendant under and'by  virtue of ihe said mortgage for  principal, inleresl and taxes.  3. Payment of the amount as  found  due. v.:  4. In default of payment, for-  closure and possession- of the  said  lands. -   i  5. Certificate of Lis Pendens.  Dated at Armstrong, in.the Province of British Columbia.7 this 14th  dav of January, A. D. 1919.  R. R. Perrv,  Plaintiff's Solicitor.  The address for service of the  above named Plaintiff is at the office of her said solicitor, Wolfendeh  Block, Okanagan Avenue, Armstrong, British Columbia/,  Jri the County Court of Yale,  golden at Vernon  Between   Elsie   M.   Hatt," Plaintiff,  and Arthur J. Watson, 'Pefend-  ant.  Before His Honor Judge Swanson,  in    Chambers,    Wednesday,    the  29th day of January, A. P. 1919.  UPON THE APPLICATION of the  Plaintiff, and upon reading the affidavit of Reginald Radcliffe Perry  sworn herein the 24th dav of January, A. D. 1919, and filed, and thc  affidavit of Charles D. Simms,  sworn herein the 20lh day of January, A. D. 1919, and filed, ancl on  hearing Mr. R. R.. Perrv, counsel  for the Planitiff,  ���������������������������=~IT���������������������������IS=ORDE-RE-D-*lhal-lhc=deliv-  ery of a sealed copy of the Summons issued in this action together  with a copy of this order by fastening same upon the door of thc  house on the property in the plaint  mentioned, situate at tlie city of  Armstrong, in the County of Yale,  and a publication in the. Okanagan  Commoner of a notice of the entry  of thc above named plaint in two  issues of the said paper, shall bc  deemed to bc good and sufficient  service of thc said summons on the  said defendant on the day of posting up of the said .summons and  Order or publication of the said no-  lice, whichever dale shall be last  in point of time.  J. D. SWANSON, C. C. J.  Pat's Appendix  Pat had been seized with  violent pains and was hurried to  a hospital. Tlie physician in  change informed liim tliat he  had appendicitis, and tliat an  operation was necessary as his  appendix would have to be removed immediately.  Pat had not the least idea of  what an appendix was, and so  informed tlie physician, who  laughingly told him that after  tlie operation he would leave  the appendix in tlie window, so  that he could see it when he  was able to sit up.  Some days after the operation  Pat's curiosity got thc belter of  him and he raised up his head  in bed to take a look at his appendix. To his amazement a  monkey was sitting on thc window sill, and when hc saw Pat  hc began to make faces and to  dialler* at a great,rate.  Thc astonished Irishman gave  thc monkey a long, hard look,  and then exclaimed: "Don't do  that, me boy, don't do that;  can'l you sec your mother is a  very sick man?"  ���������������������������  INTERESTING NEW GOODS  Mrs. Munro Leaving  Mrs.A. Munro leaves for.Vancouver this week. She will proceed south to Los Angeles,  thence to New York and overseas to join Mr. Munro in England. In the many years Mr.  and Mrs. Munro resided in Armstrong thcy always were found  prepared to assist in any forward movement. Mrs. Munro  has been particularly active and  helpful in all social work and  Armslrong citizens will greatly  miss her in social activities. Wc  join in wishing hcr,bon voyage  and every good fortune in the  Homeland.  0  i  o  0  1  0  i  o  5  o  8  ALWAYS COMING  Daily Shipments of the finest fabric  procureahle are arriving^ Comeyin ahd  look them oyer. Always a pleasure tJ  show our goods. If ?yOu cannot pur(  chase now, have the pleasure of seeiiij  and the purchasing will he easier.  The Megaw Motor Company  of Vernon has changed hands,  being purchased by W. .E. Megaw and H. C. Smithers. Thc  policy of the old; reliable. company for prompt service and  equipment will_be continued.  0*  i  i  5  5  Messalines���������������������������36 inch, very  lustious quality, in shades of  wine, Russian, pearl, gold and  maize, at per yard ...$2 25  Brocades���������������������������Brown and dk.  green. A very special quality of this specially.'good skirting material. . Very new and  very durable,   yard  $2 50  Satins-- Superba quality���������������������������  not to bo equalled in the valley at tho price and some of  tho shades are really beautiful. Come in and see them.  Per yard  $2.50  Black Chifonne Taffetta-  a beautiful quality, equal to  chefoune taffetta in this valley at #4,00 and;> bur' price  is    $3.5Q  Fancy Tussors���������������������������the very  newest serviceable wash  goods, silk warp, colors of  saxe, rose, pearl, and niaizp.  at per yard        $ 1 .OO  Nurses' Cloth���������������������������the very bes  the market nan produce, all  patterns at per yard  .. 40<p  Ginghams���������������������������all the bedj  patterns, checks and stripe-?!  fast dye, per yd.  25 & 30������������������[  A very special colored cot'l  ton crepe, all the best thadej  per yard -...    45|  Colored    Cotton    CrepJ  tablecloths���������������������������Blue  bird  aa<l  floral patterns,   special eacll  SS ���������������������������  ���������������������������   *������������������������������������������������������������������������  White Wash Silks���������������������������pures]  white? even weave and heavj  qualities, at per yd.  $ 1. 0<  and    .. $1.3S  Home      Dresses     anc  Aprons���������������������������all good, light ami  dark colors, elastic and girdl  belts, excellent quality .ol  prints and ginghams $ 1 .SCj  It)    ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������      ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������      ^^r1���������������������������9m C#*  ! FOREMAN & AMRSTRON  The Big Store  Can. Food Control License  - No. S-:>2,360  Armstrong, B.C.  o<  o  (I^Ntf^W^IW   '���������������������������   'W^l  Encouraging Tobacco Growing  CITY OF ENDERBV  CITY OF ARMSTRONG  TENDERS lire invilcd for the do-  livery of-'100 yurus shiilu, from Hie  Mcllish Pits. Delivery to be within  the city limits where required Curing the month of April next.  Tenders, to include nil charges  for mnlerial, will bc received at the  Cilv Oflice up till noon on March  10th. 1910.  The   lowest *��������������������������� or  'any   tender   not  necessarily   accepted/  80-3 "   E. GROVES, City Clerk,  Tlie Popular Variety  '.Store  CLIFF ST. :-: ENDSEBY  C. F. B. License No. 10-9227.  3JJ". Pergusoti  Contractor and Builder  Brick, Cement and Carpentry.   Let me  give you an estimate   on  anything- yon  want built,    Good Red Brick always  in  stock  Armstrong        -        -        B. C.  NOTICE is hereby given that the  first sitting of the annua] Court of  Revision of the Municipality of the  City of Enderby for the vear 1911),  will be tielcl at the Cily Hall, En-  flerby, on Mondav. the 24th day of  March, .A. P. J919, at 8 ocjock p.  m., for the purpose of bearing and  determining complaints against the  assessment for the said year, as  made by the Assessor, and revising  ancl correcting the assessment roll.  Any person complaining against  the assessment may, personally, or  by means of a written communication over his signature, or b>' a solicitor or by an agent authorized by  him in writing to appear on his behalf, come before the Court and  state his complaint; and thc Court  may confirm or correct the assessment; provided he shall first have  given notice in writing to the Assessor of the ground of his complaint at least .ten days before the  said first sitting.  IJ)atcd at .the City Hall, Enderbv,  this 15th day of February, A. P.  1919.   GR AHAM-ROSOMAN. - -  Citv Clerk.  pinds an4 Property Wanted  Lauds and city property wanted in  Armstrong and vicinity before the 15th  of March, as we will complete our new  spring Catalogue ancl want a big listing  from   the Armstonsr District.  Jfyou have anything that is worth,  selling scud to Mickleborotigh, if your  prices nnd terms are right wc will sell  Our charges in all,, cases are b% on total  sale price.  Geo. Mickleborough  Vernon, 3. C.  Order Early  Get My Prices on "*.-'.."  Grass, Clover and Field Seeds  Garden Seeds Now in Stock  Garden Tools Just Arrived  Shoyels, Rakes, Hoes and Forks  Get My Prices  Mi*. Lewis 'Holman, pioneer  tobacco grower of Kelowna,  went to Salmon Arm the past  week J and arranged - for thc  planting qf three acres in tobacco as an experiment and ih  order to start the industry at  that point. Mr. Holman desires,  also to-havc an acre planted at  Enderby by somc reliable, farmer who will give the plants the  attention necessary for a satis  factory test.    The highest ri  kcl price will be paid for  crop.   Anyone willing to tal]  on   should   communicate  Mr. Holman.  g  Directors' Meeting  The meeting of the direr,  of the agricultural society fo]  ry out tlie crcpairs at the  grounds has been' set bacjj  March 13th, at 9 a.m.  V   ���������������������������-   Mat Hassen, Secretai  These names stand fox the  foest In flowr. We twve a. vw\oa$  shipment. 1% is going fast* If  yow have tHe������������������J these flours you  will come back for more.  Men's Wear Groceries Enderby, p. C.  Canadian Food Control License No. 847X70.  13  Canada Food Board License  No. 8-9S6  GENERAL  MERCHANTS  Just the Range Yoi  Were looking for  oven.    Call  sure you will  -high  agree  and sil  wij  V The new "Lighter Day"-  this range on our floor. Am  us that it is the best ranggc ever made.  Our spring shipments of General Hardware are no|  arriving.  We can supply your every want.  -    Ulla III  ENDERBY, B.C.


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