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Okanagan Commoner Feb 27, 1919

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 ARMSTRONG,  B. C.  iViAR 1     Wi'���������������������������  ttigjl&tt  d-  jptttttijcnier  ENDERBY,  B. C.  IN WHICH IS MERGED THE ENDERBY PRESS AND ARMSTRONG ADVERTISER.  _-   ���������������������������SS  Vol. 16, No. 8, Whole No. 782.  ARMSTRONG. B.C.. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  Subscription. $2.00 per vear: 5c the codv  MATTER OF EXPRESS RATES  A. E. Sage, for the Creamery  Association Shows What Increase in Freight Rates Would  Mean  Editor Okanagan Commoner:  The Vernon News of last week  in reporting my remarks before  the Canadian Railway Commission where I appeared to protest  against the proposed increase in  express rates on lie-half of the  Creamery', made me say, "These  express charges added 22 cents  per pound to the cost of butterfat delivered at thc Creamery."  This statement would appear  ridiculous to any thinking person and is only a* typographical  error. Following is copy of letter filed with the Commission  and my argument before the  Commission was along the lines  of this letter.  I might add here that I think  the general public is not fully  appreciative of thc work of this  Commission. Any shipper from  the smallest to thc largest can  bring his grievances before the  Commission and he is given a  courteous hearing.His argument  is met by reprsentatives of the  railway or express company and  thc Commission sit in judgment  as to thc merits or demerits ^of  4he argument. When Uie shipper  leaves hc docs so with the conviction that he will get a square  deal.  My own opinion as to the proposed raise in express rates is  that thcy will bc reasonably  raised. My reason for thinking  this is��������������������������� that they. have, been  raised:in the United^States'and,  too, tliat everything ;'oiie can  think of has gone up in price except express rates. I believe the  judgment of. the Commission Is  to lie made public about Mar. X.  Thanking you for publishing  this letter,  A. ������������������. Sage.  February, J8th. 1919.  Sir Henry Prayton, Chairman,  JJJoard of ftaihvay Commissioners;  S*rr: We wish to add our protest  against increased express rates at  this time. The creameries uf the  district would he particularly hard  hit as a large part of (he rream  roust he brought to the creame.y bv  express and a very large part of the  manufactured articles sent out hy  express.  Of an output of 79,753 pounds in  1918, 19,073 pounds were sent in by  express at a cost of $441.00. Kx-  ������������������press shipments being over 27 per  cent of total shipments. The express ������������������ctiarges added 2 3*10 cents per  pound to cost of butterfat.  Our outstanding shipments were  as follows:  lbs. Rate   Charges  Vernon 2,240 40 8.96  Kelowna       1,055 80 8.44  The delegation was piloted by  Dr. K. C. Macdonald, M. L. A.,  and comprised G. Heggie, Land  and Orchard Co., (Belgian Syndicate) ; J. Wollaston, Coldstream estate; E. B. Knight,  White Valley Irrigation Co.; J.  W. Hayward, J. T. Mutrie and  G. A. Henderson.  =Pen t i clon==--4r740"  -120=  120  56:88  14.59  47.52  5.94  225.13  34.68  8402.13  Summeiiandl,215  Princeton     2,640 180  Kamloops 495 120  Vancouver 10.006 225  Other p'ts     2.890  25,281      1.20  Over 31 per cent of manufactured  hutter was sent out by express at  an average cost of l%c per pound.  Nearly our whole output this year  will go by express.  We fear the burden of additional  charges   would   be  more   than   our  Jhusiness could stand.  Northern Okanagan Creamery Ass'n  A.  E.  Sage,  Secretary.  booking for Government Aid  An influential Vernon delegation appeared the past week at  Victoria for the purpose of interviewing the provincial executive on the question of irrigation. Thc members of the deputation represented various irrigation and land interests arid  the primary purpose of the trip  was to ascertain whal continuity  of irrigation service can be assured for the coming season.  Somc of the Okanagan irrigation companies arc in financial  di/Ticullies and havc had to rely  on provincial assistance in order  to keep up a supply tof'lhe water  users. Presumably further aid  will be sought for 1919.  TRUSTED BY POWERS  President Wilson Tells of Enviable Position Won by the  United States  Prsidcnt Wilson landed on  American soil last Monday morning. Following lunch the President went to Mechanics Hall,  where he was accorded a tremendous ovation by the 8,000  persons who packed it. His  speech was the first answer to  opponents of the league of nations, i  "It warms my heart," the  President said in opening, "to  see my fellow-citizens again. Because I have at times felt very  lonely in recent, weeks without  your counsel.  "The extraordinary generous  reception given me on th other  side seemed to be a call of greeting to you, rather than to me. I  had the crowning pride of being  your representative. Men everywhere felt that your hearts beat  with theirs in the cause of liberty.  "Thc plaudits of thc European  crowds were calls to America  for a union across the seas in a  peace of justice and right.  "The proudest thing I have to  report toMBk*__e sai(J������������������ "is that,  our country^l^ib-ted^throughT  out the world.'' >     , ,,/  He said he was not prepared  to report details of the conference on a peace that was not  completed. There is a common  agreement, he said that a new  order must be set  up in  the  world.  "The settlement of this great  war ejects every great,nation  ami sometimes f think every  small nation in the world- NTo  one decision can he made without it heing reckoned in with  others."  The President spoke of the  appeals of downtrodden nations;  that America, first of all, seemed  to he appealed to hy these.  "There is no nation in Europe  that.suspects the motives of the  United States," he said.  "While nations believe that  men now have come into a dif-  f_LrejLt_yiew,._tlj_ey_ _do_not_ seem  to resort to each other, hut to  the nation -wliich has come to  be known as the friend of mankind."  The President was cheered  when he said: "The confidence  we have established throughout  the world imposes a burden on  us. Any man who opposes thc  tide will find himself thrown  on barren ground.  "If America were now to fail  the world, what would become  of it? America is the hope of  the world and if she docs not  justify that hope the results will  hc unthinkable.  "Suppose wc sign the treaty  cf peace," hc said, "and do no  more, we will have nothing but  a modern scrap of paper.  "No assurances would bc  given lo a downtrodden people  Ithat thcy would be safe.  "Wc set this nalion up to  make men free and now we will  make men free."  [TIE CHINESE PROBLEM  Mr. Hubert Jones Offers Valuable Suggestion on How to  Utilize Oriental Labor  Fresh  taffy and nut crisp a I  Sawyer's candy shop.  Coffee rolls every'Wednesday  and Fridav���������������������������at Joe's.  To the Editor of .the Okanagan Commoner, Armstrong:  Dear, Sir���������������������������I have a few suggestions to make in regard to  settling the Chinese Problem,  and would esteem it a favor if  you will allow me the necssary  space in your paper.  These ideas can in no way be  final; they are just feelers,offer-  ing, as they seem to me, some  practical solution of the Chinese puzzle and also the settling  of the soldier on the land.  That the Chinaman is here to  stay is certain and it is equally  as certain that he.is claiming  some of the best land in the Valley. Tlie Government during th&  war made the war their^excuse  for not banishing tHeiti from the  country and now that the war is  over their possible excuse will  be tliat. peace will require as  much attention as previously  the war did.  In making out a plan for acquiring land in any district and  showing how that land should  bc dealt with and made to benefit thc soldier and country,  miich must of ncccssitjr be left  to others. Space will not permit me to enlarge on the subject. ...  In the first place then, I would  propose that the Government  lend to the city or' town money  enough to procure any land/under-contemplation; in which the  people of the town or city desire  the soldier to locate. The loan  would be secured by the muni-  cipality,-also by the land so purchased and its enhanced value  through cultivation, by the soldier or civilian former.  A numher of the people wholly disinterested in * the land,  should have the care of funds  and superintend distribution.  This disinterested party^ would  form the trustees of the, said  Government loan. All land now  under Chinese leases should h&  hought up and offered to the soldiers on reasonahle terms, with  or without interest. So much  for the purchasing or financing  of the land.  The soldier having acquired  the necessary acreage will, hy  means of the loan now offered  hy the Government to soldiers  .desiring Jo^se.ttle^onjand.-build  two houses, one for himself and  one for the Chinamen in his employ. Jpach house to he fitted  with all modern requirements,  with lawn or grasspiot and  flower beds, so that each house  and sub-house, so to speak, will  set off in a neat way the environments of the town or city  nearby. Beauty as well as utility should havc their proper  share of attention.  For the cultivation of the land  I should propose this method:  Each soldier after purchasing  the land from the city, on the instalment plan, will employ as  many Chinamen as hc thinks  fit for his purpose or that he can  afford to pay, to do their share  j of-the-farm work and incident-  j ally to teach him their peculiar  ^vay- of cultivating thc soil, with  lhis expert assistance the soldier  will profit by their practical experience and may even make a  nice surplus over expenditure in  the first year. Each Chinaman,  now in the country will thus hc  utilized and lhe syndicates now  formed and still further rapidly  forming every year will bc  broken up and lhcir individual  labor made to benefit both tlie  country and themselves.  At the end of the financial  year the Chinaman would bc  paid a dividend on his wages,  thus in a sense forming a copartner with each soldier. Capital, of course, would have the  first call on Uie profits and this  would go to thc soldier in addition to the dividend on liis own  wages. In this way the Chinaman would benefit; the country  at large would benefit; and a  powerful unit.of production secured; and again, the eyesores  which meet the eye at every spot  where Chinamen locate would  be forever destroyed. Disease  and unsavory smells would be  banished and the Chink question settled. Tlie Chinamen  would share in producing thc  necessaries of life, share in the  modern way of living, share in  the profits and so would, in due  course, become a credit to himself and the country he lives in  instead of being a curse. So  much for the Chinaman.  As regards the produce; the  soldier and his co-parfner would  FARMERS WANT TO KNOW  Demand of Government that  Certain Recommendations Be  Carried Out  Some plain talking which at  times became almost heated was  indulged in at the sessions of thc  advisory board of Farmers' Institutes wliich has becn in session at Victoria for the past few  davs. At onc session the board  had Premier Oliver in attendance to ask for an explanation  of the delay in carrying into effect recommendations which  were made last November dealing with agricultural condilions.  It was pointed out to both thc  Premier^and Hon. Mr. Barrow,  minister of agriculture, that the  nine institute districts had been  led to expect action by the government in dealing -with the  many important problems now  affecting the industry.   Mr. Bar-  r ItESBYTERY OF KAMLOOPS  Semi-Annual Meeting at Revelstoke Favors Permanent  ThanksGiving Day  Tlie semi-annual meeting of  Kamloops Presbytery was held  at Revelstoke on Feb. 18 and 20.  Thc chief interest of thc gathering was the day set apart for  the Forward Movement. Principal Gaudier of Knox College,  Toronto, and Dr. Christie of  Westminster Church, Winnipeg,  were thc principal speakers. E.  R. .McLean presented the work,  of Religious Education and Miss  McGregor represented the W.  M. S.  Five business sessions followed on Wednesday and Thursday. Rev. T.R. Peacock of Chase  was elected Moderator for 1919.  Messrs. Peacock, Peck "(Kamloops), and Miller (Penticton),  were appointed commissioner*  row said the trouble was that^o the General Assembly which  his recommendations to the gov  eminent for expenditure were  jnot met.    They are refused on  'pleas of economy.  j    The premier, too, said it was  form a unit in producing fruit j the g0vern���������������������������lcnts's policy to keep  and vegetables.   Each unit^quite joutIays   within   revenue.     The  board members complained that  the question of land settlement  had becn placed upon the shoulders of the agricultural department and if that policy was to  bc met adequately, the requests  of that depaitment for finances  must bc met..,.,( ,.-.*'  Not con tent" with impressing  their views upon the Premier  and the minister of agriculture  *,,,  r.������������������  ������������������������������������������������������- -    -<,-..' Ithe board also had before it:tlfe  w^ere:   WithystriCt attention to)^e^  committee   of   the   Legislature  independent of any other unit  and self-maintaining, but working in co-operation with a central1 distributing agency. - Thc  commodities thus produced  would be sold to the agency at  the prevailing local market  price. This institution, again,  would resell its fruit and vegetables to similar co-operatives,  owned for the most part by solders,,, on-the -prairies\ and else-  the Equality and pack "bf their  various commodities these co-  partners, in conjunction with  their co-operative . agencies,  eventually would l control the  markets and thus help to destroy the huge combmes-of capital, now in operation, and w'hich  if no radial remedy he forthcoming; promise to destroy the  farmer. So much for the soldiers* produce.  As to profits���������������������������if any���������������������������these  would all go to the co-partners.  The soldier and indeed any hona  fide producer who cared to take  shares and deal exclusively with  tlie co-operatives, would be sole  owners of this distributing agen  meets in Hamilton in Jiine. Tlie  elders from Penticton, Salmon  Arm and Revelstoke will also  have an opportunity to attend.  The Presbytery gave its vote  in favor of the Assembly meeting once,in three ycars instead  of annually as at present. It  also voted in favor of <an- elder -.  being eligible for election to thc  Modcratorship.  Good   reports   were  received  from Mcrritt, Salmon.-Arm,- and  nearly all  mission fields.    The.  reports showed that the follow-:  ing   piaccs   had   reached   their  quota.for the Budget and were:  placed_.on _,the" Honor Roll- for .  1918: ~:. :P������������������?nticton, -: Suniiherla nd,*  and. urged them to force some  action along the lines advocated  by the institutes.-The committee  promised steps would he taken  to this'end.  Parred Rock CJwfo  Inauguration of the Pritish  Columbia jarred Rock Cluh  took place at Vancouver on .Saturday, feh-.TUh. The following  officers were elected:  President, H. p. Wahy, pnd-  erhy; vice-president, W. Stonc-  housa, Vancouver; secretary-  treasurer, fl. A. Allison, Ann-  strong;   directors, S. J. kaity,  cy; sole sharers of the profits Victoria; A. tf. Anderson, tfam-  and henefits and profits are sure mon^   "^hos.   SeJJars,  Nalcusp;  and proven rewards of combined effort, as witness combinations of capital. The profits of  the=co-operatives=would^be^dis-  tributed among the shareholders as to purchases from them,  and would be paid only after reserve and depreciation, etc., had  been allowed for and interest,  (or wages) on capital taken care  of.  As to the shares, these would  bc bought on the instalment  plan and would take twenty or  thirty ycars to pay up.When the  shares were fully paid up they  would again be sold to newcomers and thc old members would  retire from active part in the  organization and by this means  admitting younger men into thc  work. Thc interest (or wages)  of capital,could possibly bc put  into a separate account to allow  HUSp  Wm. JCirkwood, Collingwood.  Tlie object of the club is declared to be to put this grand  .br_e.ed^ofJiirds_in-theLfront=rank=  in the poultry world of British  Columbia, to which it is claimed  to be justly entitled, both as an  exhibition and utility breed.  It is proposed to hold thc annual meetings of members and  official show in connection with  the Provincial show each year.  *������������������������������������       Enderby,'Merritt, Ashcroft, Golden, Chase; Peachland, Glenem- .  ma, Notch Hill, Duck Range.ancf-  Malakwa. > Armstrong, and Kam- :  loops received honorable me.n-,  tion; while Kelowna, Rejevstoke  and Vernon had fallen down.  A proposal was madeo4o have^  Jtev..W. W. peck take up tins  task of missionary to������������������ the Nortl*  Thompson region.   To do so, .  ftjr. Peck would have to resign,  at Jtamjoops.   JVfr., Peck agreed  to do so provided he did -not  suffer pecuniary loss.  The nwf-  tcr wifi now. go to the Home  Amission Poard in Toronto. If ft  is upheld there, a solution wjjj  he found to a  Jong Standing  problem.  A resolution wras passed favoring the adoption of Nov. JtJtll  as thc permanent National  Thanksgiving Pay, on whatever  day^ofHhe^week^i t^might^faUr^  Another resolution dealt with  Prohibition. Although .the enforcement of thc Act in Revelstoke is a matter of notoriety,  Presbytery was convinced that  the operation of thc Act had  been of great value to the country, and called on thc Government to. sland by the Act and  enforce it.  A banquet was provided by  the ladies of Revelstoke congregation on Wednesday evening.  Alderman Bews on behalf of the  city and Rev. B. C. Freeman on  behalf of thc Methodist Church  [brought greetings and words of  !welcome  on  Wednesday after-  for old age pensions for retiringjmembership    cards    for  you   ask   will   be   sent   in  course.  Yours very  truly, A. J.  syth, Honorary Treasurer.  co-parlncrs.  This, roughly, then, is what I  should suggest as a means of  benefitting tlie land, thc produ-  Ihe soldier) the  incidcntallv  thc  cer (including  consumer and  Chinaman.  Yours truly, Hubert Jones  Doughnuts  and Thursdav-  Armstrong Red Cross  The following letter re Red  Cross Drive has been received  by the secretary:  Vancouver, B. C, Feb. 12, '19.  Mrs. Robt. Inglis, Armstrong;  Dear Madam: In reply to your  letter of Jan 30th, thc acknowledgement of your splendid contribution   of  1,575.00 was  duly'noon.    Presbytery will meet in  fonwarded  to you and  the life .Rutland on March  12th  to  or-  which'dain  Pelcr Council recently define'mobilized   and   a   graduate   of  | Westminster Hall.    April 3rd is  For-J the  dale sol  for   the induction  of Rev. Lennox Fraser at Version.    The next regular meeting  every  -a I Jce's  Directors' Meeting  The mccling of llie directors  oi' tlie agricultural socicly to carry out   thc repairs  at  the  fair  grounds  has  been   set back   to  Tuesday j March JlSlh, at 9 a.m.  I Mat Hasscn, Sccrc-tarv.  will  usl.  be held in Kelowna in Aug-.  Thc only difference between  a rul and a grave is lhal one'is  wider and deeper than the other.  ���������������������������Hugh Chalmrs.  / * OKANAGAN  COMMONER  THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, I J  Oz=>o<==>o<^=>o<=z>o<==>o<=^- ���������������������������  Can   Food Board  License Xo. S-C33"  D  *-s  _____���������������������������������������������������������������������������������  y Local Honey  U In glass jars eaSi 4-Sc  A Also iu tins. 2', A's and 10's  Plain TalK to Poultryaien  Who' Want SJhow at EJraderby  'fl  5!  I!  fj I    An executive meeting of tfic Northern Okan-  c lagan Poultry Association avus held in Foreman  o i.   l      D   1 ���������������������������        fi !&������������������ Armstrong's store on Moiuby. Feb. 17th, for  j)  Featherilght   Dakmg o|lhc  inlrpose  of  accepting   thr  financial  report,  M land to arrange foiy payment of all outstanding ac-  Powder  Per can    25c  Every can guaranteed  I  5  ���������������������������8  i  Cooking Oil  Large cans, reg. $14.00  Stocktaking spec. $ 1 1 .SO ^  Only  a -few left jj  fl!counts and to transact any other business which  k j could  not  wait  over  until  the  annual  meeting  fj I which is to be held next monlh.  Vi     On the financial statement being read, and m-  Coffee  fl  I)  Try our   best  ground   coffee X  %  Per ib SOc.   A sure winner.   (J  | Phillips . fi.  /.       Phone 43  ehoiise 1  (1  Phon  Armstrong  T'IST  Dr- Dent bas opened one of  the most modern Dental Parlors in the Interior of British  Cohunbia in the \V. IT.  Smith Block; above tlie Okanagan Grocery, Vernon. B.C.  Special attention to ont of  town, patients.  Phone 3-1-3 or wme for   appointments.  (j I dividual-' items    discussed,   the   report   was   accepted as read. c  The next matter brought up was lhat ot  the  Secretary's salary for the 1918 show.   In. this was  also included the year's work as secretary, of-the  association?  and  a   small  amount   towards  his  expenses while attending thc annual'convention  of B. C. .poultrymen in Vancouver during January as delegate and representative of  the association.    It was explained that, owing to the in-,  ���������������������������riuenza epidemic, on account of which lhc 1918  show had to be postponed at the last minute, the  sccretarv's work in most cases had been doubled.  SJn was therefore proposed by Mr. Armstrong and  '"=!seconded bv Mr. Crofts that the secretary's salary  "'for 1918 be $50/'It was clearly understood by  those present lhal this figure must not bc taken  as a standard for future shows.    Thc amount of  F?ir> was allotted as salary for lhc show superintendent.  A livclv discussion look place on a slatamcnl  bv Mr. Crofts that he had bcen asked by Mr. H. E.  a:  s*%*  :nt  DEMTiST  VERNON, B.C.  Waby of Enderby to bring up at this meeting the  advisability cf holding the next poultry show at  Enderby. The matter was looked at from all  angles, but it was clearly shown to be the opinion  of every member of lhe executive present that  there would be no discussion of the mailer from  the Armstrong end until the poultry breeders and  fanciers of ���������������������������Enderby and district showed a little  more interest in the affairs of the Northern Okanagan Poultry Association, and either attended  thc association meetings or offered some suggestion regarding the carrying on of the work of  the association, but first of all by paying one  dollar to become a member of the association.  It was pointed out that ill 1916 the association  had one lone member from Enderby District, Mr.  Bruce Oldford. In 1917 there were four members from Enderby, Messrs. Smedley, Oldford,  Sparrow and Grahani. In 1918 Enderby's membership was back lo two, Mr. Smedley and Mr.  Sparrow. So far:. as Mr. Waby himself is concerned, the point was brought out that, while he  lives quite northward in the territory covered by  the N. O. 'Poultry Association, hc himself is a  member of and pays his annual dues to the Vernon Poultry Association, away south. Thc executive' of the association expressed thc best of  feeling toward Enderby and would be"pleased lo  welcome the day when the poultry breeders of  Enderby and dislrict make somc effort lo hold  up Iheir end the same as Armslrong breeders  have done during lhe past "four ycars.  It dries hard over night with a high glofes^that  withstands soap, water, and weather. Use it for  all Interior decorating on furniture or floors. Use  it for all exterior finishings and decorating such as  carriages, automobiles, wagons, machinery, etc.  Quart cans $ ISO and $1.65. Pint cans S5c and SOc  Colors to suit every taste  Varnish Stains--All- Shades  ipts .".  30c  Pts....    60c  Q uart ........   ...  ������������������������������������1���������������������������! O  Floor Paint  Linoleum Vanish  jr pts J.  SOc  Pts   ...  Quarts  ... ������������������P *  $1 SO  One can will 'paint an   ordinary floor,  price  $1.50.  Aluminum bronze 3Sc  and  40 cents  Gold bronze per bottle   25c  Old   English ; floor   wax per  can'S5c  a  Ma&S&Ghiaz- Hardware Co,  ARMSTRONG, B. C PHONE 47  '-    ^<y^;^Piii.   I M||   || III ������������������W     || 11  I   II   I l������������������  I"  ixrsT*  SELECTING THE BREEDING PEN  \  4  a SuVfe  I l_������������������j  ������������������  Jf  t������������������  Ladies' Suits  Mer/s Suits  Clothes Cleaned, Pressed  Altered, and Repaired  ALEX. ADAIR  f"I_-Jk9ML_-_  'tn all  countries.   A?k   for  our  IXVEN-  ITCIVS ADVISKll.*which will be sent free.  ?, EAR SOX & MARIOX.  PIANO TUNING & REPAIRING  CHARLES  QUINN  ���������������������������oflKelowna,   will be in Armstrong   and   Enderby    districts  every5 three'months.  SPIRILLA CORSETS  BRASSIERE'S, ETC  Made to order.    Flexible and  nuibreak-able^Evc-ry^aii^guar^  anlccd.  EDITH TURNER  Corseticre  Armslrong B. C.  Pcullrymen are reminded lhat it is time that  preparations were under way, for the breeding  season. Thc male bird or birds lhat arc to bc used  for breeding should havc been selected before  lhis, and bc in prime condition. Great care ought  lo be exercised in the selection of the male. Hc  is more lhan hall' lhc flock. He alone may mean  success or failure. It is also important lo use  onlv lhc best females. Do not.breed from the  whole flock. Take those only from which good  type ancl vigorous chicks may be expected.  " The brcecding males should bc vigorous, well-  grown cockerels, the sons of high-producing females, as Ihey arc morc reliable as breeders than  aged cocks. This does not mean lhat cock birds  should libt'bc used. Thcy should, but only those  cock birds lhal havc shown lhcir vigor and ability  lo produce strong, high-producing slock.  Thc males should be mated not to thc whole  Hodc but to selected hens and to* strong, well-  grown pullets that have shown by. their winter's  performance lhal, thcy havc high laying character. When lhe pullets' are pul into their winter quarters in the fall, close tab should be kept  on Ihem, and note made of those that start to lay  early and arc persistent in.production. If trap-  ncsts arc used, select those birds that������������������makc the  highest records provided thcy are suitable in  othcr respects, lhat is, if Ihey conform lo thc requirements of the breed. If trap-nests are not  used,-dependence will havc to be placed on external indications of production for selection.   ������������������  Thc number of females to allow to a male will  depend on the conditions under which.-lhcy"'are  kept. For breeds of the general type such as  Rocks or Wyandottes, in confinement, eight to  twelve females will bc enough, and Leghorns 12  lo 15 females for each male. On free range, thc  number may be increased 15 to 25 for thc heavier  breeds and 20 lo 30 for the Leghorns. Bc sure  lo supply abundance of green food and make the  birds exercise freely for their scratch grains. Do  nol feed over-stimulating feeds. See that with  4h<x^oGd-f-eed4hci:cu*iisuf-ixslu^  and sanitarv conditions.  FARMERS PAYING PENALTY  How much do our growers lose every year  because of the present condition of our roads?  This would not bc as hard a question lo answer as  il might appear nor llie question:' how much  would cur fruil growers and citizens generally bc  "in pockel" by a wise expenditure on road improvement? Until we have heller roads the.waste  will continue lo total a surprisingly large sum.  Here is whal a road engineer writing in Collier's  Weekly says:  "Why,- do you know that the'United Stales lias  bcen paying a penally of more lhan $504,000,000  year in the excessive cost of the transportation  alone cf our agricultural products from farm lo  market simply because of the neglect of the highways? This������������������cslimatc was made in .1914 by the  'joint commillcc on federal aid in construction  of posl roads, Sixty-third Congress.  "At lhat time the gross tonnage estimated to bc  hauled over the highways for tliat year was 700,-  000,000. The cost of hauling over lhc average  unimproved roads was about 21 cents per ton  mile, and the cost over improved 'roads 13 cents  per Ion"mile, making a saving of 8 cents per ton  mile. Thc average haul was about 9 miles, making a gross saving on lhe transportation over improved roads of 72,ccnls per Ion. , This multiplied  by the gross tonnage gives lhc .$504,000,000 sav-  H  m  SECRET  SOCIETIES  A.F. & A.M.  Kr-derby  UcRUlar  brothre  Lorlrrc     No.   'to  muclinfra     first !  0  m  w\  i  ing.  At Ihcprcscnl time it has been estimated that  thc quantity of^goods hauled over thc roads is  something in-excess of 1,000,000,000 tons, and  lhal lhe saving from improved'roads would bc  from ������������������750,000,000 lo $1,000,000,000 annually."  Construction at Early Date  A. R. Mann and J. M. Mercer, of the Northern  Construction Co., motored in from Kamloops on  Friday and proceeded down the lake the next  day. Thc visit of these genllemen is significant  in connection with the construction of the C.N.JR.  bran ch. as_ .their firm had JL con tract for lbc_w.ork  WANT PERMANENT ROAD FOREMAN  S. II. Sl'KEP.S  V/.M.  AI a meeting of lhc Kelowna Board of Trade  last week attention was drawn  to  thc fact thai  South Okanagan did not appear to bc getting a  Thursday on^'^aer'Vhe i verv good share of road cxpcndilurc as compared  ful,-,nXfp-ravi.i������������������|wilii other parts of the province. The vole granted  !n cor,i.������������������iiy ,���������������������������nu_, ^ ^ Doparlmonl for Soulh Okanagan had bcen  c" "sbc������������������������������������rrs | only-$21.700. and of this only $18,860,.had bcen  ���������������������������^wis*  ENDERBY   LODGE jspcnl.   If  Mr.McAlpine's  salary  was  deducted  ������������������77$ no. 33. K.of p. |nn(] a]s0  [|-,ul 0f his clerical assistants, wilh ex-  ���������������������������������������������- tl   u'^r  ���������������������������*_���������������������������    M<-Pts every  Monday evonirij? * ..,,., ,       r    1,.   C-1 .^ OZ.f\        T������������������'n  l?<������������������^i^f    in Masonic Hall.    Visitoracor- ! peilSCS.   it   le! t   ail   aniOUlll   Of    OIUV   .>l0,_00.       1 V> O  VvV'V-"^      di.iliy invited to attend. j1 ��������������������������� . , .     mos nA(~>   l,���������������������������,l   KAnn  *>-><SrSte,        cHAS.HAWiNs.c.c.    ivears ago. il was pointed out, $oo,OUU rum necn  h.m..walkek,k,k.s.   .^^ for ro;u]s jn Soulh Okanagan,' so  lhat to-  K. J. COLTART. M.F.  PROFESSIONAL  ^ C. SKALING, B. A.  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  INSURANCE  Bell Blk. Enderby, B.C.  B. O. WOOD, B. C. L. S.  Armstrong and Salmon Arm  day's expenditure was less lhan half. It was  asked lhat a permanent local foreman be retained  on thc easl side of the lake and onc on ��������������������������� thc west  side from Summerland lo Westbank. With this  a general foreman could be dispensed with. The  department had acknowledged the justice of lhc  claims of thc South Okanagan and had promised  : favorable consideration in the estimates.���������������������������Kei-  i owna Courier.  Saskatchewan produced 117,921.300 bushels of  frngiilion nnd Road Surveys, Maps, jug to an estimate made by lhe Dominion Bureau  and plans. ��������������������������� '    <��������������������������� C|.,fit-iir.c  Phoue 02 Salmon Arm, B.C.   ol  ^>l'Uislics.  between Vernon and Kelowna during the regime  of Mackenzie & Mann. The News was unable  lo secure an interview with them, but il is said  that lhcy made statements which indicate that  lhcy expect to take part in thc construction of  the line at an early dale.���������������������������Vernon News.  $1,000,000 TO PROVINCE FOR ROADS  Huge expenditures for repatriation work in  Western Canada will bc made this year by thc  Dominion. Government, according to a telegram  received from Ottawa. The government also  plans lo give each province .������������������1,000,000 for road  building or 40 per cent of the cost provided the  provincial governments contribute the remaining GO per cent.  If the editor is paid promptly and -his pocket  book kept plethoric by prompt-paying patrons, he  puts his pen to his paper in peace; he paints his  pictures of passing events in more pleasing colors  r.nd the. perusal of his paper is a pleasure to the  people. Paste this piece "of proverbial philosophy  in some place where all persons can conceive, v  "A married man has many cares, but a -bachelor no pleasures."  E  Must Cutoff Unpaid  iSiibscripti ons  Tlie Paper Controller of Canada   ,  has ghTen notice that a strict regulation is about to be issued by the  Dominion Government to tlie cfTcct  that��������������������������� .  Publishers of newspapers must  cease   sending   their   newspapers      lo      subscribers      three  o . months  in 'arrears  unless., sub  scriptions arc definitely .renewed and all arrears fully  paid.  The reason for this regulation of  " ..lhc Paper Controller is tha.t it is the  practice of somc publishers to send ,  thici- newspaper until ordered  stopped, and this practice frequently means a failure to-collect  anything' for subscriptions in arrears, in wliich case there is a virtual waste of paper. It is to prevent paper waste that the new regr  '''���������������������������'' illation has" been decided on.  The. manufacture  of  paper cpn-  -   " sumes labor, wood, coal, chemicals  .    . . and. transportation - facilities,   and  every   ton   of   paper csaved.. means  '    just so much more labor," raw materials,, chemicals,   fuel   and   transportation  available for urgent, war  needs.    For these reasons the Government insists that paper0shall bc  saved, and "proposes that only those  who    pay    for    their   publications  shall receive them.  ��������������������������� This order will leave the newspaper publishers no choice in the  matter.    Wi  must therefore  insut  "    upon all subscriptions to the Com-  MONF.n being paid, a p.  We are cleaning up our subscription list this week and will be  forced to send final notice to a.l  subscriptions in  arrears.  All subscribers must pay up.  Those   in   arrears  will-have  the  Commoner discontinued."    We have  no option in the matter.   The Post-  office   Department   will   i.efulse   to  deliver newspapers where thc subscription    expiry    date    is    three  months   in   arrears.     Pay  up   now     and.make a_discmjUnuancc of your  w\  H  =���������������������������1 '-  M  ���������������������������-.urn.  &������������������  paper unnecessary. \S'e do not  wish to cut off a single subscription. We want all our friends to  remain   with   us.     But   the   paper  shortage in Canada is becoming  alarming.  We   must   recognize   the   regula-  {!<.->n>; ol' <'���������������������������"> "iiner Controller if we  are to continue.  Look   up   your   expiry   date   ancl  govern yourself accordingly.  ^cg^o^^g^aa^aa^^^zEsa^gaaBl  Are you going to do and  Building' or Repairing-1  This Season?        Al  THE FOLLOWING ARE GOOD VALUES: \  No."4 Ceiling, Flooring and Siding  No. 2 Dimension, 2x4.and 2x6  ,$18.00 per thousand  .$18.00 per thousand  Dry Blocks      Planing Mill Wood  [>2.5 0 per load  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ���������������������������JmimDl)  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd. EndJ THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  CHILD WELFARE IN THE WEST  Child welfare is occupying a large share of at-,  Itention in British Columbia and Alberta. Early in  iDecembcr there was held at Vancouver the first  lanriuai convention of the Child Welfare Association of Britisli Columbia. The program included  [discussions on educational reforms, juvenile de:  llinqucncy, child mortality and diseases of children. Vocational training was urged in order that  Children might become helpful factors in the  {community. The schools of Vancouver were mentioned particularly on account of special classes  ffor the mentally backward children and the Association put itself on record as favoring institu-  } lions for the feeble-minded.  1'   The Diagnostician of the Juvenile Courl of Sola ttlc, Washington, addressed the Association on  [juvenile delinquency and its dependence on the  [tstatus of homc training.    A low ebb of parental  responsibility results in juvenile delinquency.   It  was recommended that mothers' pensions should  be established because motherhood should bc recognized as thcTiighcsl service to the Stale.  In Alberla thc study of Child Welfare is concerned with thc preparation and serving of hot  lunches lo rural school children. Thc Department  of Education for thc province has issued a booklet  containing a number of recipes and practical suggestions whereby thc cold lunch will be wholly or  partially abolished. It is estimated that more lhan  | threc-fiflhs of the school children attending rural  schools in Alberla arc dependent on cold lunches  and these arc ealcn at irregular intervals and under conditions nol beneficial. The idea of the  |ji Department of Education is that trustees and  teachers shall make it possible lo serve at least  one hot dish each day at noon; well balanced cold  lunches arc also suggested to mothers.  PROHIBITION OF CIGARETTES NEXT       [  The president of the American W.C.T.U. announces tliat the next campaign on the tapis in  the United States will be one to secure^Federal  amendment prohibiting the manufacture, sale,  transportation and use of cigarettes. This was  to be expected. Prohibition being the order of  the day, the organizations which make it their  business to look after the motes in other /people's  eyes are seeking new fields to conquer. No case  has ever been made out against cigarettes, except  tliat certain people find pleasure in the use of j  them; but this is an all-sufficient reason for prohibiting them with certain people who do not  smoke. When the campaign gets under way wc  shall no doubt get plenty of literature on the subject, showing that cigarettes are the main cause  of burglary, Avil'c-bcating, cholera, infantile paralysis and other social and physical evils. Wc  shall bc asked to abolish thc cigarette in thc interest of the Homc. Girls arc already being  warned against consorting wilh young men who  smoke them, because they are the sign-manual  of criminality. Obviously, there is a considerable  body of people in thc United Slates who are trying to make this world a place so full of "vcr-  bolens" that thc average man \vill welcome thc  call to enter lhe ncxt.���������������������������Toronto Saturday Night.  BRITISH WOMEN'S USE OF BALLOT  Those who were interested in the way thc women of Great Britain and Ireland would use their  voting privileges -havc made somc very interesting discoveries as a result of analysing thc election returns. For pne thing women candidates  fared badly which shows, that, so far, women arc  nol clannish to the extent of voting for their sex  alone. On the othcr hand thcy sceni to have voted  wilh their menu-folks or to have followed their  own preferences. In only three cases where there  were women candidates did they receive more  than one third of the total vote. The exceptions  were: Mrs. Dcspard, Miss Pankhurst and Miss  Macarthur. It is by no means' likely that all the  . votes for these candidates were cast by women.  Out .'of the 13.161 wonien ^voters -registered in  Manchester, Mrs. Pethwick Lawrence..received  but 2,985. Of the 14.861 women voters^in Mansfield Miss Markham received but 4,000. It looks  very much as if reconstruction has already commenced in Britain and that the women are doing  their own thinking.  THE HOLY GATES  "What is there that beats a good wife?   A good  husband!" -  -  An angel stood wilh flaming sword,  ���������������������������  And firmly barred my way,  While there beyond shone thc Holy Gates  ��������������������������� Bright with the light of day.  "Oh! let me pass!" I tremblingly cried;  But the angel said me hay:  "Thou mortal weak, look thcrc below  At what thou hast left to-day."  And, as I turned my shrinking face  Toward earth, wilh ils joy and pain,  I saw lhc form of one I loved  Wilh its arms outstretched in vain.  "Let mc go back!" I humbly cried,  And, lo! the angel sighed,  While there beyond where" all was bright,  Thc Holy Gates swung wide.  "The face of God let mc behold,  Just once crc I depart."  '"The face of God," the angel said,  "Is stamped on every heart." ,  And as hc spoke a glorious voice. ,'   "*"''  Came floating on;the air:-  "My child, return," it softly said,  "For I am.everywhere!" ,;  - ���������������������������Beatrice Gordon Olmi..  He Was a Thoughtful Boy  A lady was observing a .small boy sprinkling  sawdust on the icey sidewalk the other morning  to prevent pedestrians falling.  "That's real benevolence," declared the, good  lady.  "Naw, 'taint," growled the boy indignantly,  "it's sawdust." "  ,  If K_1MjbL .:v &mii ������������������i Mft*mmmmmmmm^m  **.r t     x     v * j  .-?a-'mSi  \\7rS70f:^:m:.  ??i ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������^'^VrV'f-%  \7 -v-rVV ^ssTTs-X  '-<?:r--i^s:-.7-C0  A ������������������iHioa and a Half  Worth of Food Reqmml *  The Greater part of Europe is on the verge of starvation.  Over twenty Wllion tons of food must be sent overseas.  TMs makes the necessity for increasing our home grown  outpu? of food products greater than ever-people must  eat more vegetables.  Every horticulturist should exercise careful judgment to  insure that he sows seeds, which ^vebec������������������ proven of gthe  behest nuality by germination. Our Trial Grounds ar  Ion- Branch are operated for the purpose of safeguarding  oS?Bcu8tomers. All seeds which do not come up to the  h"gh standard of Rennie Quality are at-once ciscarfied.  JENNIE'S ' SEEDS  They Always Grow  Soeciclc for tf)s fjotSouse or dotted to make sturdy,  ' ' "        tLtrifty plants for transplanting.  ���������������������������*.<&  ^^-gre-^.-.  f  n-ada.s^-Lmplpymczt rrenie  SVERYONE in Canada should understand just what  the Government is doing to solve the unemployment  problems that may arise through the demobilization of  our fighting forces.  (1)   Employment Ojjices.  So that everyone���������������������������male or  female, soldier or civilian���������������������������can  get quickly such jobs as are  available llie Government is cooperating with the Provinces in  establishing a chain of Public  Employment Offices. Employers are being urged to make use  of these offices to secure any  help they need.' Farmers, - for  example, who need hired men  should apply to- the- nearest  oflice. There will be a Public  Employment Office in every  town of' .10,000 people���������������������������and  wherever fhe'noedfor onc exists.  There will be 60 different offices  in all���������������������������one-half are already in'  operation.  (������������������)   Employment' Opportunities.  The war held up much work  that will now be carried   cn-at  once.    Public works, shipbuilding, roadbuilding, railway work  ���������������������������construction , of  bridges, improvement of road-bed, making  of   new equipment���������������������������these   will  provide   new opportunities for  employment.- In   addition,  the  Government has sent  a Trade  Mission , overseas to secure for  Canada a share in:the business of  ������������������ providing    materials   and   products   required   for reconstruction work in Europe: It has also  set aside  the  large sum of.  $25,000,000 to bc loaned through  the Provinces to encourage the  building of workmen's houses.  This will mean much new work  in the spring.  (���������������������������?) Land and Loans for Soldiers  To help soldiers become farmers the Government has developed a programme that  includes the providing of land,  the granting cf leans, and Lhe  .training r and supervision of  those inexperienced >i:i farming.  At present, the sc Id icr is^gran tied, free, in addition to his or- '  dinary homestead right, bne-  ��������������������������� quarter-section cf ' Domini on  lands. lie also receives a loan  up to the maximum of $2,500.  These original plans are now  being broadened. If Parliament  passes the new proposals during  this session, the Soldier Settlement Beard will be able to buy  suitable land and re-sell it to  the soldier at cost.      '    -  A  Land   up   to   the   value ".of  $5,000 may be bought by this  plan���������������������������the. money to be, rep aid  in  20 years.    The low interest  rate   of .5   per-, cent.   will,.be..  , charged.-.  These new. proposals  /will   also   permit   the   Soldier  Settlement Boar^l to  loan the  soldier-farmer up to $2,500 for,-  purchasing equipment, etcMJ in  addition.to $5,000 loan on  his.  farm. -     .,*  ���������������������������i,'}..  The Repatriation Committee  OTTAWA.  for Sale  M g&iAP  Three Jcrsev Coavs. onc 5-vear-  oid. due March 6lh: onc 3-vcar-  old, due April" 14th; onc 2-ycar-  oicl,"~cluc May  3K1JJ    7Ylso  farm  and implements for sale.   Team  of horses and implements will  go with lhc farm.  Cows will be sold with farm  (or individually.  i  >o<  >cO  I   More Profit to the  Buttermaker  ������������������-fcf������������������i  JOHN MILLER, Sr.      Enderby  Notice of Executor  In  the   mil Iter   of    thc    Estate  JHobcrt Edward  Harkins,  Deceased  w  %  W  fi  S  fj&sCsV-  &������������������%  I 'vrV\..b7  Cflbbafte  Copcnhanen Maricet  Early    Jersey    WakcGcsd  Improved  Cauliflower  Ceiery  faris Golden Yellow Extra  Select (French)    ���������������������������'  Efig'TIant  Ucnnie's    Improved   New  York Purple  Onjkm   -  Early Yellow Danvers  Lettuce  Grand Rapids (forcing)  To nis to  Bonny Best (orginal)  New Globe (Livingstone)  Holmes Supreme (forcing)  Ml  5  5  il  Seeds on Saiein 15,000'Stores throughout Canada  .the.;    ^^"^Jlk������������������ir������������������^  ������������������������������������������������������'WILLIAM IHk 1  vs.  fee  XO'nCE TS TIF/REBY GIVEN lhal  all persons having claims upon Ihe  estate of the late Robert Edward  Harkins, who died on the 2()ih day  of August, A.I). 1918, are required  lo send to A. C. Skaling. solicitor  for Uic executor. George Stanley  Hart, on or before the 1st dnv of  March. A.D. 1919. a full statement  of lhcir claims, and of any security  held bv them, duly verified by a!lf-  davit, and lhat aflcr that dale lhe  executor'will proceed lo distribute  the ar-sets of the Deceased among  the parlies entitled thereto, having  regard only for lhe claim's lhat  have been duly filed wilh him: and  all debts due lo the said Dec-eased  are lo bc paid lo the undersigned, i U  Daled al En-ierhv. B.C.. this 28lh "  dav of January, A.D. 1919.  ���������������������������������������������������������������������������������"'-���������������������������������������������������������������������������������' ��������������������������� A.  C.  SKALLNG, -  Solicitor for.the Executor.  The Dominion law against the selling of  hutter without thc words "Dairy Buller" or  "Creamerv Butter"���������������������������us thc case may be���������������������������prinlcd  on thc butler wrap, is a blessing in disguise lu lhc  average farmer.  It is the duty of every hiiticr maker lo comply with thc law in this mailer. Somc buller  makers havc only a cow or two, and make so lillle  butter that it does not appear to them lhal lhcy  can all'ord lo havc their buller wraps prinVd.  Thcy do nol like lhc idea of having 500 <\r HUH)  butler wraps on hand. To al-commodaU:-this  class of bultcrmnkcrs. wc havc. printed up  a quantity of "Custom" Butter Wraps. They yrc  prinlcd wifh the words "FreshJ_:iiry Buller" but  do nol bear tlie name of the 'maker. However,  these wrappers fill thc rcijuiivmenls of lhc law  governing this point, and can he bought in Muai!  quantities al lhe rale of 05c a hundred in 100 or  50 lots. If you do not require l.-iillerwra::^ in  larger lots, lake these wraps in lesser quantities.  b-h^ COMPANY 1  872    Gi>ANVILJLI_ ST,  l-/LIMITED" ^  VANCOUVER    B.C.  AliS"  AT   WINNIPEG   TORONTO   MONTREAL!  ifl  500, Single Order,  1000    "        "    -  When    run     with    ether orders, $3.50   and   $4.50  CO  Sf~,     ^  a 3  _.  _.���������������������������  *7������������������  S 3  ACREACK FOP. SALIi��������������������������� P have a  fraction less than two acres level  land, fenced and in one. piece, on  river; now in orchard and alfalfa: few minutes walk from post-  office. Assessed value SI,150.  Will sell for ������������������800 cash.TL, Walker  Press Enderby.  II  THE WALKER PRESS  Enderby, B.C.  THE GARY PRESS  Armstrong, B.C.  o  ON  0  s  f  o  H  I  s  5  S  I  5  8  (X THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  ������������������feanactan Commoner  ttsb:  in   which   is   merge  d   the   Armslrong  Enderbv Pro:-.s.  Advertiser   and  Published  every   Thursday  at  Armstrong,  B.C.,  at   c2 j  a year,  by  W.u.kku  Oc  Cahy.  II. M. Walki-h, Editor & Manager.  Advertising rates: Transient, -10c an inch first insertion, 25c each subsequent insertion. Contract advertising, SI an inch per month.  ���������������������������people going and coming to and from Mayo's.  One hundred and .seventy-five medical specialists and surgeons, wilh a small army of assistants  ! handle thc  CuS."  THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  MISSING  RARE OPPORTUNITY  "Wc wonder if the people of the Okanagan Valley fully realize the extent of the loss lhe district  is suffering in our failing to take.full advantage  of the rare opportunity offered in the Kiosk at  Sicamous?    A. few years ago when Mr. * Lowe,  head of.thc commissary "'department of the C. P.  R.  at   Sicamous,   made   the  proposition   to   the  Vallev towns that.he would take charge of-and  properly display'any exhibit sent him from the  Okanagan,  provided   lhe  different   towns  would  "chip in" thc small amount required to erect the  Kiosk, Armstrong and 'Enderby were the first ,to  contribute their pro rata,' and for a  lime thcrc  was forwarded to Mr. Lowe samples of fruit and  field produce to bc displayed.    Then interest in  thc display'waned, and finally the shipments of  samples ceased altogether.  "What is true of this section is as true of other  sections in   lhe Okanagan, in  a greater or less  degree.   But because lhe district went to sleep on  thc proposition  and failed  to  contribute to  the  Kiosk  business,  did  not  put   the  Kiosk- out  of  .business.    It only made it morc difficult for Mr.  Lowe  to make  the exhibit distinctly representative of the Okanagan, as it was originally intended  lhat it should be.    Mr, Lowe continued  month after month lo keep the Kiosk well supplied with Okanagan fruit, vegetables, grains, etc.  He continued all during thc war ycars io keep up  thc standard of the exhibit, and- he has been frequently -complimented   fcr  having   the  neatest,  most artistic Kiosk display on the whole C. P. R.  railway system.  To do this has meant great personal effort on  the part of Mr. Lowe, with very little assistance  Irom  any section  in  the  Okanagan.   Individual  growers here and thcrc, realizing the great possibilities of.the publicity project and desirous of  assisting in a good thing, continued to contribute  samples  of  fruit,  vegetables,  etc.    But for  the  most part, the fruit displayed by Mr. Lowe in  the kiosk he has had to buy, and pay the highest  prices for it.    In   this  the Valley -shipping and  packing  organizations  do.  not  appear  to'have  played   the; game.    Both'- growers  and  shippers  have profltled by lhe advertising done through  the Kiosk but have not contributed to its support  nor aided in thc good work done through it    The  purchases made by Mr. Lowe the past seasonal     r   n ' ������������������aS  thG P������������������������������������rCSt of  tourist VCi,rs for  Aii       "-���������������������������amounted to the sum of $38.67?  And these purchases were made exclusively in thc  Okanagan.  Anolhcr feature of the Okanagan's fall down  has been Us .publicity���������������������������or lack of publicity  thc Kiosk a I Sicamous loday  RL-h and poor alike���������������������������all ai-p  treated by number ond receive thc same consideration and comie;.-us treatment.  This Institute is an example lo. lhe world of  what can bc done by systematized efficiency and  ec-operalion. In that institution each works for  all and all work for each. There arc no drones.  From lhe highest lo tlie lowest, each feels that  he or she is necessary for the carrying out of the  work thev have to do.  ������������������������������������������������������"������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������   ~ ��������������������������� j  Wlij" can't wc have such an institution as this.'  in Canada?    Think what it would mean to the.  health of lhe Dominion if thcrc was established '  at seme central  point  such  an institution,  say |  under    Government   supervision,    where   ailing I  people could, go and be assurred of receiving the  best treatment known lo science at 'a'moderate  cost.   What a boon it would-be to thousands who  suffer years of pain and discouragement" rather  than risk all in   lhe  hands  of Uncertainty and  Doubt.  Spring Work Shirts. Overalls end Sodks  SEND  IN YOUR ORDERS NOW WHILE   STOCKS ARE COMPLETE  WILL NOT BE HOODWINKED  In  one can find pam-  , phlcls telling all aboul the prairie provinces, but  nol a printed word about lhe Okanagan. Mr.  Lowe informed the writer that during thc heavy  week of lhc past season's travel, he handed out  twciily-lwo hundred pieces oi' prairie publicity lo  interested enquirers, and nol a pamphlet, booklet or prinlcd page of any description was available on lhc advantages of thc Okanagan. For thc  pasl year or two he has not had a page of printed  .mailer from tiny Okanagan point lhat he could  ^=gi_ve_t o=lr a-vel 1 ers ���������������������������=^A-L_tho-samc-timc..thcrc_hayc  been slacks of pamphlets always on .hand telling  of thc advantages of Alberla and Saskatchewan.  . Here is a..work for the Valley Boards of Trade.  Now is. thc time thc Okanagan should start a campaign of publicity. Thousands of people are  looking to British Columbia as their future  homeland. They must be suppliedwith the information lhcy .require... Any locality not prepared to furnish tliis information must expect to  lie passed up. No matter how excellent the natural advantages of the locality, it is thc intelligent  use of prinler's ink tliat is the deciding factor.  Concluding a long editorial on Btlshe\ ism in  Canada, tlie Ottav.a Veteran, official organ of the  Great*War Veterans Association, says:  "The cure for Bolshevism is a simple one. The  disease had its origin in a land of oppression, ignorance  and superstition,  and  education is the  surest antidote.   Education that will provide opportunities for rich and poor alike; that will teach  the principles of social justice and enable them  to bc put inlo practice; education based on the  broad teachings ..of Christianity, unfettered, practical  and all-embracing.     Canada  has  emerged  from the war in a new frame of mind.   Hcr. people are awakened at last to thc true slate of affairs in the political, educational and social life of  lhc   country,   and    thcrc   is   an   unmistakable j  determination thai an entirety new national structure shall be built lo replace thc old, decayed cdi:  ficc which  passed  muster in  ante-bellum  days'/  What is required is a finer conception of the responsibilities, duties and privileges of Canadian  citizenship, worthier and greatly improved social  conditions, higher mental and moral training and.  development, and the remolding of national hoa-  or and character.  "Our purpose in dealing with Bolshevism in.  this outspoken manner is to make plain to our fci-  low-citizcns that as a body, the Veterans of the  war, repudiate all connection with thc insidious":  campaign now going on, and intend to see that',  the responsibility for Bolshevist propaganda and  encQuragcment is placed where it rightfully belongs-���������������������������upon the alien enemies and thc 'big inter-1  ests.'   Under thc pretence of seeking to curb Bol-  schvism, the plutocrats of Canada hope to draw:  the red herring across the-trail, and themselves  pose as the saviours of democracy, thc while, pre-'  tending   that  all   is. well;   that   they, but   desire  thc protection of thc 'social order,' thc while in  reality    enthroning    thc    'God-of-things-as-they-  arc,' hoping and trusting that a smoke-screen of  'confidence,'    'optimism,'   and   camouflage   will  eventually enable them  to steer their luxurious  craft safely back to the placid waters of 1914.  "Thc men who won thc war intend to see lhat  true Canadianism and real Democracy shall triumph."  HEAVY DUCK SHIRT  Grey stripe -work shirt, will made '    "  will give hard wear, all sizes    .". .   <pl.30  ENGLISH FLANNEL SHIRTS  Splendid quality and well   made, Aft!  in deat stripes, wonderful value..  <j>Z.f D  GREY FLANNEL SHIRTS  English   grey   union  flannel,    full    body  and  sleeves,    all sizes,  EXTRA   . J       ^  special .......        -77.. $2.15  THE HARDWARE SHIRT  Heavy    black   drill,    reinforced   .      _  seams, great to wear; special?,...  ������������������p������������������.Z������������������)  *  ������������������������������������������������������ ������������������  HERE IS GREAT VALUE  English Navy Flannel shirt,  white stripe,  good   weight,   will     give   every   . "  satisfaction, Extraordinary value <p������������������*_iD  K__AKI SHIRTS  Made of a strong twill khaki dril-   . f-  lette. good roomy garment, price  ������������������pl.LO  OVERALLS  Heavy drill stripped overalls,  sizes   all  $2.25  KHAKI OVERALLS  Well  made, correct   shape  in a  twill khaki drill with five pockets  $2.25  DENIM OVERALLS  Best value ou the mrrket. plain grey blue  dinirn, with bibs, a most service- ^^ ^  able garment, sizes 38 to 44, spec. ������������������pl.| D  MEN'S SOCK SPECIAL  Wool [socks,   medium  weight,  black and  and clerical grey,  price 50c per   '       .  pair, 3 pairs for       $1.40  THE HODSON'S BAY COMPANY  Mail Order  Department H. VERNON, B.C.      BRITISH COLUMBIA INTERIOR STORE  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-21018.  IN THE LOCAL LEGISLATURE  Good Roads people of thc Province were in  Victoria in force last wc*k; .villi a program ol  road expenditure which thcy felt the government  should adopt in'order to get away,on a liw rehabilitation and reconstruction program for the  year. The Good Roads people proposed that thc  Vancouver Island highway be improved, thc road  south froin Vancouver lo the boundary be paved  and that several essential but missing road links  in the. upper country bc constructed. When the  deputation met the Premier'lie'told them tliat hc  could not meet their request^ even although thcy  outlined a plan for;obtaining money from the  Dominion Government and raising the. auto  licenses in order to help out in financing. Thc  Premier said that money was too scarce and  every time thc government tried to raise the  taxes some section of the public wanted another  section to bear all the load. "You will have to  educate the people to pay for taxation," he told  thc delegation.  "With  the estrangement arising between  thc  soldiers and the government, and tlie prospect of  onc or two of the Liberals splitting oft' on various  issues," says a writer at Victoria, "thc government majority is now Snaking strong attempts  to solidify the party in the House and present a  united front to the foe.   J. S. Cowpcr, one of the  Liberal members for Vancouver who fell afoul  of his fellows when hc pressed home the campaign   fund  charges  against  M.  A.  Macdonald,  has  been  invited  to  enter  the caucus  and  has  consented.    Hanes, of North Vancouver, almost  broke away-the other night, but was piirsiiadccL  to stay.   McGcer, of Richmond, has bcen talking  loudly about thc government, particularly in regard to the good roads issue.  . He said'-if this:  government would not build roads, he_, for one  would favor getting a government which >vould.  However,   these incipient insurrections  do not  mean anything very serious except to show, that  democratic Liberalsim  always has its internal  troubles.   JBut thc country need not count on any  ..election before 1920 at the earliest."  The J.ast Straw  EVERYBODY SATISFIED  ll is a pleasure to feel thai lhc change in publication hour of the Commoner meets wilh such  "gclilJrlTlVTj^  the pasl week.   Wc feel confident that as wc proceed, and as advantage is taken of the change, by  i���������������������������..:U-t XAj.:  NATIONAL BENEFACTORS  "Yes," said ihe man from  New York, who stood on the  deck of a Cu harder leaving  Liverpool, "England is the most  awful corner for tips I ever  havc struck. I've becn rooked  at every turn for the last month,  but," hc added savagely, "the  last time was a bit more than I  could stand."  ,^JiWhat_3Yas_that?_Vsaid_lhc-_  listener.  "Well," said thc tourist, "I  had tipped every jnan from the  Captain of the House of Lords  to thc man that gummed thc  wrong  labels   on   my  luggage,  advertisers and readers alike, we shall be enabled  to produce a much better paper than has been  possible in thc past.  We wish to thank our readers for co-operating j  with us. We always arc pleased to receive hiUjafld * wcnt into thc siting  of personal newsabout friends visitingthchonic,iroom on thc lan<lillS stage" to  what you arc doing on thefarm, the movement iwash Iny hands of everything  of produce, condition of crops, etc., etc. No piece i En^lish' and what do vou lhinJc  of news is to small to be acceptable. Remember  we arc publishing the Commoner for the district  and anything that is good for you is good for thc  district and good for the Commoner. So let's  hear about it  The train leaving Winnipeg for St. Paul thc  ��������������������������� othcr day was loaded with people going to the  JMayo Institute, Rochester, Minn., for'medical and  surgical treatment. It is said that this was not an  exceptional thing. Hundreds of people go from  Canadian points to the Mayo Institute'every .week  ���������������������������and most of them return mighty glad they  went. This is true of all parts of the American  continent. And from far-away lands across the  ocean, men and women flock to this little town to  Wellvillc; often with complaints that could as  well be treated at home. It is estimated that the  daily registrations at the Mayo Institute for treatment average 600 or 700 a day. Some days they  run as high as a thousand, and one day quite recently thc number was 1600. Three trains a day  leave St. Paul for Rochester, and all carrv their  '"^'���������������������������'Mfe'ir.W.v  There was recently issued by the Kelowna  Board of Trade'a very handsome brochure descriptive of that favored locality. It is a a valuable piece of publicity, particularly at this time  when so many inquiries are being received for  information about the Okanagan and there is so  little printed matter available on the district. It  came from the Kelowna Record press and is a  creditable publication.  stared me in thc face when f  was finished, but 'Please Tip  the Basin'! I'm hanged if I  did."  UmifH farmers'  Meeting  ���������������������������Do you want stumping powder at half the_ price you  are now paying?  Do you wish   the Rural   Credits  System, same as  has-  worked successfully in Manitoba,  established in B-'itisb  Columbia?  These ancl other very important questions will  be discussed at the meeting of the  urday,  March 1st at 2 o'clock in  the "Municipal Hall.  A full report of the Annual Report held in Kamloops  on Feb. 19tb and 20tb, will be given by our delegate to  that convention.  We will have 10,000 members in our oagauization.  Come and see why you should be one of them.  H. HAWKINS, Present.  Two Lectures  The Commoner joins with the othcr newspapers of the Interior in extending to Editor  McDougall, of the Penticton Herald, thc sincere  sympathy of the craft in the great loss and sorrow helms suffered in the death of his wife last  week.  human freight of fear and faith in all stages of  illness.    It is  estimated  that  the  population  of j     If you want  to know  what a woman really  Rochester   is   something   over  12,000,  and  ten  thinks pay attention to her looks rather than her  thousand of this population is said to bc transient words.  "The Educational Revolution  in China" is the subject of a  lecture to be given by Rev. B������������������ J2.  S. Taylor of West China in the  Methodist Church on Thursday  evening, Feb. 27th, at 8 o'clock.  Mr. Taylor has been through  three revolutions in China and  recently has charmed hundreds  of audiences from the Pacific to  the Atlantic in Canada with his  lectures, which are full of hum-  inspiration and education. The  or, inspiration and education.  The lecturer and three others  will be dressed1 in Manchu  gowns. A Chinese solo will also  be a feature of thc evening. Dr.  White, Supt. of Methodist Mis-  Try ojivi'Ntw I4ne of  s,  BulK Tea and Coffee  You save the cost of special  package and pacldng and get the  quality.   Buy in bulk and note  ' what you can save.���������������������������--.,������������������      l  TEECE & SON  ENPEBBY  Vmm^������������������^<w^������������������^^>*������������������  sions, is expected to be present  and give an address, illustrated  with lantern pictures, on the  Diamond Jubilee of Methodism  in British Columbia.       82-11  j    Have   you    tested  ' home-made candies?  Sawyer's  Even the hole in Joe's doughnuts looks toothsome.  Jas. S. Dickson  Real Estate and Insurance  List your Properties and Houses.  \V.| ������������������  fHURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  x  X  ARMSTRONG NEWS  fc*     sr  New Stock  Records  [Songs,   band pieces,   waltzs,  [violin   solos,  two-steps, etc.  Headquarters  [For   Talking    Machines  IH. 5, BEST  Armstrong  Pte. F. Bailey returned home  on Monday from .Vancouver.  ������������������r  _���������������������������*  Lieul.   W.  F.  Brelt rclurned  from the coasl on Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs. Dagg and family, brother of Mr. Dagg who  previously lived here, have  come from Laco'mbe, Albcila,  to Armstrong and are now residing on Patterson Avenue.  l_  ,z  *r  JS  ENDERBY NOTES  i3  short    course    lectures  ire being given In Arm-  Born���������������������������On Friday, Feb. 22id, jattended  and  to Mr. and Mrs. S. Fruno, a son. shown.  55  Mrs. W. F. Tajflor left on  Monday on a visit to Moose Jaw,  Saskatchewan.  The  wliich  strong this week in the interests  of  belter  agriculture  arc  well  ***���������������������������    ***''    "**    sr    sr    fcr    wr     __���������������������������    *._     __-     _���������������������������������������������     _*���������������������������     _*-    -������������������  ss .������������������  .<���������������������������,  ������������������ v,  j,  iv j; i? X X X X X  Mr. Jas. Evans and daughter,  Iva, are expected to return from  the ccastin a few  davs.  great  inlercst  is  I. O. F.  Court Armstrong  No. 3429  |ets .1st and 3rd Monday eve in  Foresters' Hall  Hope, C. R. A.J. Fifer. Fin. Sec.  ���������������������������Get    acquainted    with    Joe's  Kighnuts and coffee rolls.  [HE METHODIST CHURCH  - Armstrong  l^ev.  J.   Wesley   Miller,   Pastor  public worship  11  a.m. and  10 p.m.  Evening subject: "Jesus' First  (���������������������������mon."   Anthem and solo,  iunday school: 2.30 p.m.  Epworth League: 'Tuesday,' 8  Ri. "  " ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ���������������������������     - - ��������������������������� ���������������������������   ��������������������������� - -n-   11. _n. i,.  ZION CHURCH  Armstrong  Rev. W. Stott, Minister  Eleven *a.ni.: "Tlie Home in  I Reconstruction Period!"  }2.15: Sabbath School.  .30:*.'?Why was Israel GodV  [osen. People."  Norman King had a very enjoyable  party at his  home on  Wednesday of last week.  x  Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family have moved back from Armstrong to their Grandview property.  K  Joe's bakery fills a Tong-felt  want. His doughnuts, cakes and  bread find their way into every  home.  ������������������  X  Mr. T. D. Whitehouse was in  Vernon on Thursday^ visiting  at, the home of Ivan Crozier  whilst there.  Next time in Armstrong call  at Sawyer's candy shop and take  somc of the newly-made home  to the family.  x  A resident dentist is now in  Armstrong. Dr. Sumner has  opened an office in the Bank of  Hamilton building.  x  The bedspread made and raffled by the boys of the Vernon  Convalescent Hospital was won  by ticket 74 held by F. Connors.  Avalon Theatre, Tuesday evening, March 11th, Ambassador  Gerard's "My Four Years in Ger  many." A guaranteed attraction. Full 10 reels; don't fail to  sec this grand picture. Admission 25 and 50 cents.  Sage & Keith have succeeded  the firm of Sage & Yeoward and  the new firm is planning for a  big commission business this  year. Both have had extensive  experience in handling produce  and the firm should be in touch  with the best markets for quick  sales arid ready cash.  x  It will be good news to many  to learn that the Munro -store  will not, go out of business in  Armstrong. The stock recently  taken over by Mr. Hill, of Vancouver, is being largely augmented" by shipments of new  spring goods and the business  will bc continued along thc old  lines.  Pie. Nichol left for Vancouver ,  on Monday lo reporl at military !  headquarters i'or mustering out.'  :: '  Mrs. H. M. Walker returned!  from Rochester on Saturday  wherc she underwent an operation in the Mayo Institute.  ir  Mr. and Mrs. Geo. Stirling and  family moved in to their Cliff  street dwelling this week from  their farm near Armstrong.  Mr.   and   Mrs.   Wilson,   who  spent a week or two with their  parents, Mr. and Mrs. H. McKee,  returned to their Alberta home  tliis week. (  x -  Mrs.  1^^���������������������������^0*0*0^  ST. JAMES' CHURCH  r.      Armstrong  JTorning prayer at tt a.m.'  lunday school at 2.30  lyemng service at 7.30 p.m.  [icar,;ftev. JR. Alderson.  Miss Ronclda McCane of Vernon and Mr. James H. McRa'e  of Vancouver have been spending a few days with Mr. and  Mrs. D. S. Maclachlan.  X  Several of our townfolk are  running   the   risk   of   catching  cold by letting  the , cold  catch  them.   Better dodge it���������������������������-it leads  the way to "Flu-land."  X  The February meeting of the  Women's Missionary Society of  the Presbyterian Church .will be  held at the home of Mrs. W.  If ope, Friday, Feb. 28 at 3 p.m  W. E. Chappie returned on  Friday from attending the annual meeting of the United Farmers of B. C. at Kamloops on  Feb. 19th and 20th. A full report of that meeting will appear  in-our-next issue. Mr. Chappie  was the delegate appointed by  our local branch to attend that  convention.  Mr. and Mrs" Stiliburn ahd  daughter, Jean, returned to their  Saskatchewan home on Monday  after a brief visit with Mrs. S.  Teece and family.  Rev. Mr. Gretton will speak  to tlie High School students on  Thursday afternoon at 3 o'clock  on, Bolshevism.     Parents   and  friends are welcome.  x  The coldest snap of the winter was Sunday night when it  registered 2  below  zero."   The  cold wave came suddenly and  disappeared quite as quickly.  x  Mr. and Mrs. Ferris and children came in Thursday last from  Edmonton   accompanying   Mr.  W. G. (Allan, Mrs. Ferris' father,  THey, have taken the Mack cottage and will.make their home  in Enderby.  Oar New Goods are beginning  to come in.     We now have:  Japanese  Crepes in Blue.  Pink,  ahd White,   30    inches  wide, per yard   ...:    SOc  Fine Mercerised voile, 40 in. wide, per yard    70c  Persian Lawn, very sheer,       55c  Nainsooks, per yard    30c to 4-Oc  Long cloth, a fine weave for underwear, yd. 45c and 50c  Palm Beach Cloth, 3t> in. wide at per yard  80c  Flannelette, 40c a yard, striped, 35 in, wide 45c 'and 31 inl  wide 35c.  Also prints and ginghams and new   lines   arriving  daily.  "DENTIST  Announcing'that I am in Armstrong and have opened, offices  in the Bank of Hamilton Block.  Licensed in United States and B. C. Everything in up to  date dentistry. Prices reasonable. Satisfaction guaranteee  Make appointments early.       Office hours 9 to l^and 1 to 5.  Dr. Sumner  Get'em jiere w\ get'em right  CT/t/tfr  Gray cot. medium pr 3QC  Fawn cot.        " 4Qc  Gray cot. heavy, <$&c  Pk. grey, rib., heavy 55c  Tans__per.pair_.. B.f.. QQ.  75c  8Qc  85c  40c  35c  45c  35c  xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  * ",.: ,...-    :,     ���������������������������-".-. *  x ������������������   DEEP CREEEK NEWS    x  *,,   ',:.      :.     ,.-. -    -,       X  X X XX XMX X X X X X X X X  There was a good,, attendance  at church oh Sunday for, the,  usual monthly service held by  Rev..J."A. Pow at the house of  Mrs.Jamieson.  Heavy   pure wool  Heavy  pure     wool  Bk. cot, good value  '       heavy    " cashmere..  Brown cash merette  Tan  The entertainment committee  is to meet on Friday, Feb- 28th,  at the house of Mrs. T- Sharpe  at 7.30 p.m. to discuss the program, for thc social evening of  March 7th at the school house.  The committee for this month  is: chairman, Miss Seymour;  Mrs. Thos. Sharpe, Miss Carlson,  Miss Robson, and Messrs. A.  Hayhurst, R. Davidson, W.Johnstone, H. Grant and J. Gavin.  X  Miss Norah Jamieson is visiting her brother at Kamloops.  Thc   guests    of   honor   last  M?' P'|re woo,������������������ Pair 85c.    Jaeger's pure wool pair $ % .OO  V    Silk in brown, green, tan and block, pair fl 00  POYS* WPPfP ROSE  Jizes 5 to 7 per pair     4>5<s'  ^izesTf tolOperpair ]... gg-  $xxt new line  soft   felt  fats has now  Reached us.  fhe Royalty  Ut is of the  I'very best,  luality    and  fewest styles  .0  0  Tan  Brown  Steel  Green  ' ���������������������������  Bronze  **  .   and  mr~\  Black  $5.00  each  ���������������������������rSU '  D. RENAULT (SCO  Armstrong, B.C.  Thursday evening, Feb 20th, at  Peep Creek school house were  Privates Greenwood, 72nd Highlanders; G. Smiley, 72nd Highlanders; H. Grant, 6th Siege Battery; L. Anderson, Air Force.  The chairman, Miss Seymour,  regretted thc absence of the musicians expected for the occasion ,and after a short speech  made way for. Mrs. Robson who  made a speech of welcome on  behalf of the ladies of the Jocal  Red Cross branch who gave the  reception.  Everybody enjoyed a progrcs-  siyejwhist game and prizes were  awarded as follows:  Lady's, Mrs. Wallace Hale;  Gentleman's,  Wm.  Janson.  The excellent supper that followed was much appreciated  and the proceedings wound up  with a dance.  It is proposed to hold a  monthly social evening, new  committees being appointed  each month to arrange the program for the following date.  Ambassador Gerard's "My  Foiir 'Years in Germany," will  be shown at the Enderby Theatre, Monday night, March 10th.  This'is,-a guaranteed attraction,  showing 10,000 feet of film. The  .show; starts' at 8.15 sharp.. Admission, _25 arid 50 cents.  The anniversary services-in  the Enderby Baptist church next  Sunday, March;2, morning and  evening will jbe , conducted by  Bev. Walteer PanieJ of Vaticou*  ver, missionary superintendent  of tlie'Baptist denomination for  the Province. A cordial welcome  extended to all.  Several freeze-ups were reported Monday morning. ln������������������ the  home of A. A. Faulkner a blow  out of the hot-water coil  wrecked a valuable range and  smashed the furniture'. Fortunately Mr. Faulkner was in such  a position working on the watcr  pipes back .of the stove as to  escape the flying iron, and the  womenfolk, just a moment before thc explosion, stepped into  a n_ad j oining-=room-and-cscaped  injury.  XXXXXXXXXXXXXXX  x x  x       GRINDROD NOTES  x  X      - '���������������������������'.' ���������������������������- ��������������������������� .V 'V .��������������������������� x  X XXXXXXXXX XX XXX  Mr. A. Tomkinson was., a visitor to,Vernon last.week. .  X  J The s] tisualy  Saturday . night  dance will be held on the ist of  March.'   '���������������������������  .-.������������������.!./ ij-  CARP Of THANKS  Mr. James Evans and daughter, Iva, wish through the Commoner . to thank their many  friends and neighbors for their  expressions of sympathy in  their sad bereavement in the  loss of a loving wife and daughter.  Mr. 6. Zettergreen, of Mara,  arrived this' week" to take charge  of the saw at the mill"hereV      *v  . Mr. J. G. Archibald and friend  arrived "from   Vancouver   last  week to spend a short time here.  X    ���������������������������  Grindrod   Siding   has - been  busy the past week, seven cars  of fence posts, one .car.of..wood,  two of ties and two of hay being  shipped'to various points along  the line. - ,  X  The masquerade ball given at  Grindrod last week was a great  success.People from Armstrong,  Enderby, Mara and Salmon Arm  were present. Tbcre were about  a hundred and fifty in all. It was  difficult to decide on the costumes, as lhcy were, many and  varied. The prizes were as follows : __T_hc_bcst_waltzing _couplc.  V!  " Si" ' -s"  "-. .:, s  ���������������������������   ��������������������������� r-,  '  I  A Correction  STRAYED  Onto my ranch since last summer:  one bay colt, age about 2 vears. If  not claimed in 30 days will be sold  for expenses. N. PAVLOS, Mara  Feb. 5th, 1919. 5.5  In Mothers' Circle.item of Jast  week the Commoner stated that  Mrs. Murray sang. This was not  so. It should have been Mrs.  Miller, who rendered two solos:  "Baby's Laugh" and "My Treasure." They were' greatly appreciated by the company present.  Every Tuesday and Thursday  fresh doughnuts at Joe's  Be loyal to  the town  you call your  own  were Mrs. Pacey of Enderby and  Mr. Fred Folkard of Grindrod;  prizes, pickle jar and a pair of  gentleman's pumps.Thcsc prizes  were donated by Geo. Wells and  H. Tomkinson. Best old-fashioned costume, won by Miss  Matheson in a magnificent dress  representing Queen Anne. Thc  prize was a pair of pumps donated by A. Tomkinson.  ,Most original dress, won by  Miss N.Monk for "Malkins Best"  ���������������������������prize, brush and comb set.  Best dressed, lady, Miss Matheson���������������������������prize brush and comb set.  Best dressed gentleman, won  by Peter Johnson of Armstrong,  as a Scotch gentleman���������������������������prize, a  hat. ,    .  Most comic dressed gentleman, won by Andy Johnston of  Peep Creek as "Bundle of Rags"  ���������������������������prize, brace and garter set.  Thc Grindrod people have  found that the "popular vote"  is a. most satisfactory way  of deciding on the costumes.  Armstrong High School Report  The three of each class who  made   the   highest  averages   in  thc mid-year exams arc as follows :  .._ Ma Iri aula tion_Class=   Norman King . .' 79.4  Vera  Ra Hedge    C9  Robert Lindsay   . .. . .'.-... .08  (Lib' Watson,, honorable mention; only two points behind R.  Lindsay.) y.'-V;^  Advanced Junior���������������������������  Glcnnic Watson ......' .79.3  Irene Payne  V 77.4  Albert Buck   G7.7  Perliminary Junior���������������������������  Margaret Mitchell   79.3  Maigueritc   McDonald   ....76  Elsie  Witala 75.5  (Margaret Adair and Gordon  Patten, honorable mention:  each just a few points behind  Elsie Witala.)  B.S. Freeman, Prin.  LEARY  GARAGE  D. C. XrB AKY,  Proprietor  FORD DEALER  Repairs to all makes ofcuri.    Pnciic 22  ARMSTRONG, BC  NOTICE  The annual general meeting  of thc Enderby Growers Ass'n.  will be held in'thc office of thc  Association oii, Tuesday, March  11th, 1919 at 2.30 o'clock.  Business���������������������������Election of officers  for -the cnisuing year; Report  of directors; financial statement  for year ending Jan. 31st, 1919.  Mr. P. P. Woodbridge, publicity agent for thc Okanagan  United Growers, Ltd., has kindly  consented to address the meeting. All farmers interested are  cordially invited to attend. OKANAGAN COMMONER  THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  |  =     >i  Yo:i can not make a mistake  after all, tbe Diamond  is the  of: gifts.  Come to the house of "'The diamond Men" to make your selection  avhere   you    Avill   oltan  genuine  value.    Oar $25.00, S-30.UO:j������������������<o.OO  rnnd $100.00 Solitaire Specials ^aro  nncmalled 1'o'r value in Canada.  Beautiful    Blue-Whito     Perfect  Diamond direct from the cutter to  vour finger.   Fr jm our tremendous  display you can make  a selection  for any amount you   wish -to pay  and still receive that high quality  and extra value always  associated  with our name.  ^ir*   tt���������������������������  !.<.������������������������������������������������������������������������.?>���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������,,���������������������������.. '       "       O  J C. Adams  '   The Quality Jeweler  Armstrong  '-ft.-  ^irnvicE    '  SS-.-CS=SL^  APPEARANCE  counts  a whole lot in a car.  OUR GARAGE  Is ever allows a ma.h'ne to gi out  until it has been -thoroughly gone  over and almost looks-like new  when   leaving.  Our service   is  A JNo.  1 and if  you- are  looking    for    a    garage  - where you desire caref al attention  to your car, ours is the place.  Okanagan Garage  Phone ������������������7 Armstrong-,   B.C.  THE MAIL ORDER MENACE  Eastern  mail   order  houses  have  obtained  a  killing grip on many western cr-.mmimihcu. borne  oftWse-unfortunate centres are to be found in  as J this fair Okanagan.    The situation is not a hope-  dEti'lcss one. but it requires courage and perseverance  ^      on the part of .those citizens of these communities on whom the responsibility chiefly rests     A  Pioneer of  this  province who  has  an  excellent  grip of the mercantile silualion interestingly comments on this question as follows: -  The eastern department stores arc starting on  their spring campaign.    As they ���������������������������W9- tor love  or monev get lhcir advertisement m the local  coiinlrv papers'thcy resort exclusively lo Catalogs.  Thev reach the people, and many of these people  arc having goods ranging from baby socks to ice  chests ���������������������������  Whv is this business growing?   It is riot  so milch (llic'lo the claim that thc goods can be  bought cheaper, when all things arc taken into  i consideration,   quality,   express,   opportunity   ol  seeing what you buy,  and  the benefits derived  bv thc contributions made to the local merchant  for thc betterment of the community, and the lurlhcr fact that vour dollar never comes back, the  advantage rests with the home-purchased goods.  The question is an easy one.    The department  stores believe in advertising, not once in a while  but all the time. Thcy understand human nature,  and fullv realize that if they arc to sell their goods  thev must let the people know aboul them.    11  every merchant in the counlry towns would give  close a I ten lion lo his advertising, following it up  as hc does lhc othcr departments in his store, thc  eastern department store would soon cease to be  a menace lo local trade. Thc successful merchant,  as has bcen demonstrated lime and lime again,  is  the adver Using merchant, and  the merchant  who argues about thc efficacy of advertising in  these nxxlcrn times is riding to a fall.  JJThevc is  advertising and advertising just thc same as there  ,s  merchandising ancl  merchandising.    Wc  arc  talking of legitimate and intelligent advertising.  The results of proper advertising arc so apparent  lhal argument seems superflous.   But, mind you,  thc advcliscr gets the buyer, and the department  stores of thc cast arc chasing up the dollars of  Western Canada this spring in a manner that is  THE RIGHT TO KNOW  There are increasing evidences of dissatisfaction among the delegates lo.the Peace Conference  over the leisurely progress made by the conference toward thc accomplishment of the primary  purpose for which it was assembled, the  conclusion of peace, thus permitting-the world to  set itself-to ���������������������������the problems of peace. The present  situation-of neither war nor peace with lhe resumption of hostilities a possibility, even though  a remote one, encourages political and industrial  unrest which is becoming more and more manifest with each passing week. It is felt lhat the  organization of lhe conference does not expedite  proceeding's. -.-'  Sir Robert Borden gave somc expression of  these feelings in lhc course of an address to Canadian officers and soldiers on leave at thc Canadian Y M. C A. hostel, Place clTcna. In the  course of his remarks Sir Robert said:  "Thc league of nations will be welcomed by  none more'earnestly than by those who mourn  lor lhcir dead, and by those who for four ycars  havc stemmed lhe savage onslaught of the Central  Powers. There arc millions of these men still under arms.   Thcy will count no hour misspent that  has been devoted lo lhc formation of the proposed  league of nations.    Thcy will hail it with thankfulness and with gratitude, but wc cannot even  imagine, much less realize the horrors and hardships which thcy havc borne for ycars with, invincible courage and must never forget lhat thcy  arc wailing wilh lense hearts for the signal that  will restore Ihem  lo lhcir homes, their families  and lhcir occupations.  "J. listened in vain yesterday for somc word as  to the anxious waiting of these men and if the  arrangement of speakers, and.the time available  had permilled, I should havc deemed il my privilege to speak it. I have in mind especially my  own countrymen in the Canadian army, many  thousands of whom havc served for morc lhan  four years. Thcy have bcen wounded, perhaps  many times, and thcy havc again returned to the  trenches. Twenty, perhaps fifty times, thcy have  gone over llie lop, hand-in-hand with, death. Thcy  are vitally concerned that peace shall bc made  and witbout delay  If you   are. thinking of purchasing  watches, Jewellery. Diamonds, Cut-  Glass, Silverware, rClocks, etc. Look  up   any   catalogue  you   may have,  ^)ick out what you   want,   33&ixfc'���������������������������  in stead   o f   sen d ing or d er out of the  Okanagan,   send order  to .us.    All  you   do  is give name of catalogue  "Page and number.    We do .the rest  at   same   prices and terms.  <2m..jm*%T%rtt������������������'FJ3}xx...  Okanagan's Jeweller,   Vernon, B.C.  "W shall hc recreant to our duty if wc rob our  more energetic lhan ever before.   It is up to the s0ic]icrs? cvcn fpV a day> 0f thc eagerly anticipated  local merchant lo protect himself.  Agents for McLaughlin and Chevrolet Cars  'YS  Our  Want Ads  are  Winners  OUR ROADS  -^���������������������������P^  rW 'I  The plan proposed at a recent mccling in Kelowna to provide a fund for road work may be open  tb some criticism, but it at least indicates that  public attention is very pointedly directed toward  lhc immediate necessity of bringing about a betterment of conditions regarding our highways..  When thc present Provincial Government went  into office lhcy were left a handsome legacy by  their predecessors iri lhc shape of good roads. The  highways of thc province were onc of our chief  assets, and were thc subject of favorable corn-  men I fom  all visiters.    Thc former Minister cf  Works had won for himself the title of "Good  Roads Taylor," and in every seclion of this district our avenues of traffic were in lip-top shape.  Bul in these days compliments havc given place-  to reproaches, and from onc end of lhc counlry.lo  ihe   othcr   complaints   arc  heaijd  regarding   lhe  stale or disrepair inlo which our roads have fallen during lhe last lwo-or three years. Appropriations for rood work havc been cut down lo almost  return lo .thcir"homcs and their dear ones.  "To make, peace, two things arc necessary.  "First to settle thc terms and then to force them.  No irrcvclant questions; no consideration that is  not absolutely vital to thc determination of the  peace terms, should bc allowed to.interpose itself  for a single instant. I speak of the Canadians because I know what is in their hearts and it may  perhaps express the thought.and feeling of all  troops now under arms-  "Thcy demand to know, and before God thcy  havc the right lo know and to know without onc  moment's unnecessary delay, whether there is to  bc any further fighting, and if so, for what cause  and to what purpose."       <.  the Figures  Notice how the cost���������������������������and the  cash value���������������������������of the stamp advances each month until, on the  1st day of January, 1924, the  Dominion of Canada is pledged  to pay $5.00 for each W-S.S.  A3IZE0F- !  m^^***^*^*'^^*^  Fishing  youars  ���������������������������=W_^-l.  /  Arc you satisfied  ���������������������������vrith tho catch ?  .  Are you using tho  best bait?  Classified Want  Ads.   in   this  paper bring  results.  Corr"������������������t**������������������ ���������������������������������������������*������������������ t* it w m-C-uMJF ���������������������������  Quietness of Good Work  Wise is not necessarily a sign of work. Thc  busiest men arc the men who show lcasl fluster  and excitement. The best work is done quietly.  And quietness is onc thing-lhat makes il good.  Wc serve best when we mix in least of our own  wilfulness and Lurbulcncc.  f/larmalario  Qrzzszyos  Fresh Stock just received  have  :-mkl i i ng-pmn I.-and-lncal-superintendents  been al Iheir wils' ends in  Ihcii  T PAY CASH for POULTRY  and EGGS  Shipments solicited whether  large or small. Remittance  made on day of receipt of goods  at-prevailing-market prices.  A. E. SAGS       Armstrong. B.C  leavers lo spread Iheir thin allowances over areas  lhal call for len limes lhc amouni of money al  lhcir disposal. The government's pica that economy musl bc exercised in all departments is given  as mi excuse I'or this neglect of essential work,  bul is received wilh scant patience by lhe suffering public.  Now lhal lhc question of providing employment I'or returned soldiers has become a burning  issue, il is high lime that lhc provincial authorities'.effected .a. change of policy in lhis matter.  Tl' necessary' roadwork cannol bc provided from  ciirrcnl. revenue there is all the more force in the  plan advocated al the Klowna meeting.- An easy  solution of the problem would he in a loan lo bo  floated by the-province for this particular work,  and with the experience of lhc Victory Bond campaign in sight, il might be Avorlii while lo con-  Ihe advi.sabili'.v of offering such debentures  Brilish. Columbia.���������������������������Vernon News  Every ordinary unused -nook  and comer of lhe farm should  bc brought to growing feed for  slock next spring.  sid  lo uie people o  vi,  Quite Harmless  There is an estimated decrease of 28V00.000 head of  callle in the principal countries  of Europe. Years must elapse  before European beef and dairy  production is back lo normal.  A clergyman  was  for men  poorly  ore I   lo  lhe  ver;  grieved  U>  illcnded.     ITc  (  *t one evening  lhcy wen  "I   real .  sadly.  "Thai's .ie  again."' said  'Look a I m<  lhe only Iwo at lhc me.  ,-  Ihink   Ihev ought  lo  ^'TYIOC-S  his 7'->-  s usual.  he sale  3E-(wpT������������������  For morc than th; rtv-Hvc year. "SKUBERT" h������������������ **n *ivin. Fur ShlPPm *^on^^^^ rSfS'SS  Dric<���������������������������������������������a'-i'^P roti-vnr c��������������������������� vron>plh~���������������������������r<!n6'jimg "bcrit_-scrv.ee  ��������������������������� quicks.-.    i\ol censej., i _orcu i ' jr^NSE P*B F 30."  ������������������^rtV Can"^ to HUBERT, Sh.p.ncn^ueU at morcthan ������������������C0 ������������������������������������������������������ bo ^^l^^^^S^S^     .  A "SKUBE  for your fur  GIFT A. SRSFEPEEEMT ������������������SI? TODAY  ffeere is No Dirty on Ea=v Fare Coxites S"to CKcaso from Any. Part of CanRSa"  I whal I've sed io 'em over an' over  he verger, consolingly. "1 scz to 'em:  " 1 se/. 'look a I mc.    1  goes  to all  them services.' I sez.  an  wol 'arm docs lhcy  do  m  n?' " The Presbyterian Advance. THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  OKANAGAN   COT>IMOVTER  FATAL. ATTLE I>/SEASE  THE SOY BEAN  Raise two crops of pigs a year.  It is thc "common practice in the  Eastern and Central States  I. V. SADDER CO.  Corner Schubert St. ancl Railway  Ave.  Box 217 Phone 341  VERNON, B. C  2U-&  The Men Who Make Our Shoes  know-their business, ��������������������������� They have  spent a life time at it. The result is shoes that contain all the  elements of style and grace with  the greatest amount oE couifort.  For Spring Wear l  We are showing all the newest  shapes .as well'; as the good old  favorites.-, y We, could v say a To  about their beauty and low prices,  but we prefer that you' judge for  yourself in a personal xisit.  Expert opinion is that Summerland was visited  recently by a new and xevy fatal cattle disease,  when three or four weeks ago two cows were lost  by Mr. H. C. Mellor following very brief illness,  and Coun. J. R. Campbell also lost one or two animals from a herd he had on range, says the Summerland Review.   Dr. R. C. Lipsett, as is his custom, reported the losses to the health of animals  branch of the Department of Agriculture, which  resulted in the prompt arrival here of Dr. J. D.  Paxton, of Kamloops, one of the inspectors of tlie  health of animals branch.  Being uncertain as to the cause of the death of  lhe animals, Dr. Lipsett asked for assistance in  the diagnosis of the discacc from Dr. Kenneth  Chester, secretary of the British Columbia Veterinary Association. , Dr. Chester felt pretty confident from the symptoms described by Dr. Lipsett  that the animals had dicd of hacmorrhagic septicaemia, although it was just possible, he said,  that the disease might bc anthrax. This fear was  soon set asidcr however, and Dr. Chester's opinion further confirmed.  This disease until recently was only to bc found  in the warmer slates of thc south, but has been  working north, and several cases havc been  known in the Slate of Washington. Somc ycars  ago onc case appeared in thc district south of New  Westminster, and it is reported to bc making its  appearance in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Thc  fatality is very great", being about 90 per cent.,  there being no medicinal treatment of much use.  Dr. Chester reported that a scrum had becn developed that has reduced thc mortality about onc  half, and when used as a vaccine has conferred  immunity. Thc disease is caused by Bacterium  Boviscpticum.  ALFALFA VS. SWEET CLOVER  J. Z. PARKS  Jhe3  Armstrong    V>������������������of    Stove  Opposite Opera. House  A|| branches of repairing done  I MAT. HASSEN 1  1 ���������������������������. |  Auctioneer and Livestock ������������������  Salesman |  ARMSTRONG      P. C |  1  1  I'have   a   wide   acquaintance  amongst   buyers.      Consult    me  when you want  to   hold   a   sale  Also send me  particulars of   i iv  2>   surplus stock vou wish to  dispose  Y  I"' I  PHONE No. 34  *������������������><H5������������������<������������������<������������������*flM8M>^l<M>>.SMM.<I<^*������������������8������������������<H><M>  C. F. B. License No. 9-3409  mm  kf you haven't tried our hams  and  bacon you  have    not had  the_best  Geo. R. Sharp������������������  Wholesale and Retail Butcher  Enderby  During thc last few years so much has' been  written in thc agricultural press eulogizing sweet  clover that, in many quarters it has gained a reputation for superiority which, to say the least,  is niislcadingly exaggerated. A few unbiased remarks cn its real value; especially in comparison  with alfalfa, may therefore not be out of place.  "The reputation for superiority which sweet  clover has gained," says a writer of Experimental  Farm noles, "is lo a very large degree due lo thc  fact lhat it isAible to do surprisingly well in  naturally poor soil or worn-out land deficient in  plant food, and in soil lacking in moisture to such  an ex ten j; that neither red clover nor alfalfa can  be" grown to satisfaction. No one who has seen  sweet clover flourish in piaccs where, to use a  common expression, "nothing" else will .grow*"  can den}7 that sweet clover might bc employed as  a remunerative crop cn the type of land just referred lo. However, it should be clearly under-,  stood that, though realizing the value' of sweet  clover as a revenue producer on poor soil, it by  no means follows that sweet clover is superior to  or even equal to other crops of its type, especially  alfalfa on good land. This should bc clearly emphasized because many uncritical sweety clover,  cnthusaists have made the error of concluding,  from the behavior of sweet clover on very poor  land, that it is also of outstanding superiority on  good land suitable for growing such crops as  alfalfa. Thc sooner such a conception is corrected, the better.  "if alfalfa can hc grown with reasonable success  it surely will prove superior to sweet clover in  practically all respects. Alfalfa, when once established, will last for a great number of years  and will continue, without re-seeding, to'yield  crops of high quality jrcar after year, whereas,  sweet clover, being a biennial plant," will havc to  be rc-secded every secoiid year unless it is given  a chance to mature seeds and thus automatically  re-seed itself.  "==aiAlf-alfa=may-bc^grown^fori*pastiirerbayrsilage  and soiling, whereas sweet clover has a somewhat  limited sphere of usefulness. Thus, sweet clover  is not likely to make as good hay as alfalfa;  neither can it bc cured into good hay as easily  as the latter. As a forage crop, its chief asset  lies in its ability to furnish nutritious pasture, but  even as a pasturQ plant it is hardly equal to alfalfa wherc the latter can bc grown successfully.  As, furthermore, sweet clover has somc distinctly  objectionable characteristics which arc not found  in alfalfa, for. instance its tendency to become a  weed if nol properly looked after, thcrc is no  valid reason why it* should bc grown in preference lo alfalfa, if the latter can bc grown wilh  reasonable success. However, on land loo poor  lo grow alfalfa, sweet clover may be used cither  as a forage crop or as a green manure crop for  thc purpose of improving the fertility of the soil."  The soy bean may be grown either for its stem  and leaves as a forage plant, or for the seeds only.  The oily seeds are especially valuable as a stock  food since1 chemical analysis has shown that they  stand in the front rank in the amount of nutritive material present. The oil is used mainly for  making soap, but as it is a semi-drying oil it is  used to some extent as a substitute for linseed oil  in certain kinds of paint. It is also used in the  manufacture of linoleum. 0  The soy bean will grow on any kind of soil and  ils climatic requirements are somewhat thc same  as those of corn. On this continent il is grown  for seed mainly in lhc southeastern Uniled States.  As thc seed is sown only after the danger of frost  is over, it follows that thc season in many parts  of Canada is not sufficiently long for the seeds to  ripen properly. However, experiments conducted  at the Central Experimental Farm at Ottawa in  the last three years havc shown that there arc  certain early maturing varieties which arc quite  satisfactory.  Thc yield of seed per acre in thc United Slates  varies from 15 bushels in the Northern Stales to  -10 bushels in thc Southern Stales.  During thc year 1916 seeds of two varieties  were, through thc kindness of lhc Bureau of  Plant Industry at Washington, D. C, obtained for  trial. Thcy were Manchu: and Black Eyebrow.  Thcy were sown in plots 16 to 12 feci each plot  measuring 1-227 of an acre. The seeds were  planted in Tivc rows with intervals of 2 1-2 feet  between thc rows. Thc particular rate cf sewing  was not determined, thc seeds being sewn fairly  thick and the plants being thinned oul afterward.  The variety of Manchu was sown on May 22nd,  1916, and attained an average height of three feet."  Thc plot was cut on September 25th, thc weight  of3 seeds after removal from the pods being 6  pounds 14 ounces. Dr. Shutt, Dominion Chemist,  analysed these seeds and found the amount of oil  present to be 20.38 per cent. ' '*"���������������������������''���������������������������'"  Thc variety of Black Eyebrow was sown on thc  same dale, and attained the same average height.  It was cut on thc same day as the Manchu and  yielded 7 pounds 2 1-4 ounces of seeds with an oil  con lent of 20.05 per cent.  If 7 pounds of seed bc taken as thc average of  lhc two plots and if 56 pounds be reckoned to the  bushel thc yield would work out at about 28 1-2  bushels per acre.  In the same year a few seeds of another variety obtained from thc Botanical Garden at Nancy, France, were sown on May 29th. , The plants  attained a height oK 16 inches. The plot was.harvested on Sept. 25th, the seeds, being well-ripened  by that date. As only a few. seeds of this variety  were available they were given plenty of room to  grow with the result that one plant bore .185 pods.  Another, had 217 pods, .only, those pods;being  counted which contained onc or more seeds.  In 1917 the seeds were sown on May 22 and har-  vestd on October 3rd. Another sowing was made  on June 6th and harvested on October 9th. Well-  ripened seeds were obtained in both cases, the  later sown plants being about six inches taller  than those sown earlier.  ��������������������������� In 1918 seeds of four varieties were sown on  May 20lh, and harvested respectively on September 23rd, October 8th, October 18th and October 19th.  ESTABLISHED     1872,  B4NK-; OF HAMILTON-  Increased production of wealth is the only .way  in which the requirements of the nation can be  met without excessive taxation for the next de-  cade. The expansion o������������������- legitimate business is  essential, and the Bank of 'Hamilton is prepared  to encourage it by the judicious extension of  credits.  ARMSTRONG BRANCH  H. L. Paynter.  7  WHEN YOU ENTER BY TELEPHONE  ANNOUNCE YOUR NAME  o  Saying "Hello," "What number is this," and  "Who is speaking?" wastes your time and that  of the person you call.  As soon as your party answers, the correct practice is to ANNOUNCE YOUR NAME and start  thc call in the same direct manner that you use  in a facc-to-face"meeting.  Say: "Mr. Jones speaking. I should like to talk  with Mr. Smith," or, ���������������������������  "Jones speaking;^lr. Smith, please," or,  If Mr. Smith has answered with his name, say,  "This is Mr. Jones."  And when you answer a telephone, ALWAYS  announce your name first.  ANOTHER QUOTA SET  CHEERFULNESS  Do not look for wrong or evil,  You will find them if you do;  As jou measure to your neighbor  He will measure back to you.  Look for goodness, look for gladness,  You will meet them all the while  If you bring a smiling visage  To the glass, you meet a smile.  ���������������������������Alice Carey.  Thc returns for the first month of the National  War Savings Committee, British Columbia Division, were about $25,000, with no returns from  271 units out of 587. Tbe quota which Jias heen  set for British Columbia is $5,000,000 for thc year  ,1919. This means that the returns will have to  run to at least $450,000 a month for the rest of  thc year, in order to. reach thc quota. The com-  Jmi t tcleT^hbAN^'crrpoi ht^oli t^th Ii t^iiibs t"o t~ thffypas tr  monlh was occupied by organization work; that  very few committees had becn formed; that most  of thc divisional organizers were wailing.for thc  conference whicb took place on Fcbruar3r 4th and  5lh; lhat practically no advertising was done in  thc newspapers and that under the circumstances  ���������������������������the returns arc nothing lo bc despaired of.  Thc schools havc only just started their educational compaign but lhcy arc showing great interest and the teachers arc enthusiastically regarding thc prospects.  Mr. Campbell Sweeny, the executive head of  lhc British Columbia division of the national war  savings, poinls out Ilia I lhc campaign is essentially onc in which foundations must bc laid proper-  I3*, and nol onc which can bc carried on spasmodically. Thc British people subscribed $15,000,000  weekly, by means of 12 cent stamps for lhcir national war savings.  Another mailer which has; naturally handicapped lhc committee al lhc start of thc campaign has been that all the stores throughout thc country havc been engaged in stocktaking  or wilh their January sales, which of course has  prevented them from taking much interest in the  National-War Savings movement. The committee expect that thc returns for February will  be considerably belter and that the people are determined to get behind the country in this movement of national importance.   ,  Send us your subscription  to tne Cororooner--$2.QQ  KING EPWARP  A name that stands for thc best in hotel service  King EdwartJ Hotel,  P. H. MURPHY  Proprietor  Enderby  C.  CREED  Real Estate and Insurance Agent.  Auctioneer and Live Stock Saleman  ARMSTRONG, &. C. oi  OKA>TAtukN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 27, 1919  CLASSIFIED ADVTS.  wnrd ..fiist insertion; lc a word  thereafter.    250 minimum  \  Q<  XX  >OC=������������������(0=>0  CX=>0-G=>(0 0<=X/  "WANTED���������������������������Four or 5-h.p  engine   and   pole  saw  cheap, for cash. W. R.  gasoline  Must  be  Hogan 82-2  FINE BRONZE  GOBBLER  E.  Stickland,   Grindrod.  for sale.  S2-2  GIRL WANTED for housework on  farm. "Wages no. object to the  right girl. Mrs. H.H. Sturt. R.R. 4  WHAT'S THE USE ?  FOUND���������������������������At the foot of J. Louis'  hill a fur muff. Owner can have  same bv proving property and  paying for this ad. Commoner  oflice.  Armstrong.     32-1.  FOR EXCHANGE���������������������������Prairie quarter, 135 acres cultivated; bal. pasture. Sure cropper, close town.  S-1.000. Equitv ������������������������������������������������������-2.200; bal. easy  terms.0 Want bottom lands with  small" snug buildings, in cily or  verv close in. A. Z., Commoner  ollice.    WANTED���������������������������Young Jersey cow,  fresh or to freshen soon. Cash.  11. Comber. Armstrong.   FOR SALE���������������������������Young cows, fresh  and to freshen soon. "W. Norman,  Armslrong. 81-tl  When you feel like singing,  And your heart is full of cheer,  When the bells are ringing, ringing  Peals of gladness everywhere;  When the sun is shining  And the world is fair to view,  What's the use of pining, pining?  What's the use of feeling blue?  Many men plod onward joyless,  Just because they don't know how-  One. may drive away"his sorrow  *i    c  And the wrinkles "from his brow.  Oh, my friend; just stop to ponder;  Hope will leave you if you're sad;  But the future will be" golden,  If * you're  , Glad,  Glad,  Glad,  ���������������������������J. C. Adams.  WANTED���������������������������Girl      for  good wages, apply P.  housework,  0. Box 182  81-tf  FOR SALE���������������������������Household furniture:  stoves, sewing machine, etc. Musl  he sold quickly, for cash. R. W.  Patten, Enderby SI-If  ���������������������������^ j  FOR SALE���������������������������Fine White Wyandotte  "   cockerels;  Martin's  Regal  Strain.  T. J. Phillips, Power House Rd.,  A rnis t rong. S0-t{  FOR SALE���������������������������Beautiful fumed oak  dining room set, 5 chairs, arm  chair, extension table, Indict with  splendid mirror: also 3-hurner  Perfection oil stove with high  back, oven and toaster. For particulars apply Enderby printing  oflice.  of   Arm-  80-  W \NTED���������������������������A good second-hand  buggy. Apply, Wm. Gregory,  Armstrong. ���������������������������   78-tt   FOB SALE���������������������������Buffalo 250-egg Jfncu-  batorVflo.OO. Can be seen at lhc  Enderbv 'Hardware Slorc,_ Clifl  street and  Vernon  Rd. 78-4 -  WANTED���������������������������A maid for "general  house work; middle aged woman -preferred. - Apply Box  530.  Armstrong. " 81-tf  Crockery at  Pre-War Prices  NOTICE  To  Arthur J.  Watson,  formerly   of   the   city  strong,  B.  C.  TAKE NOTICE that a Plaint and  ."summons   lias   been   issued   againsl  you   out   of   the   Coiintv   Court   of  lale,  at  the  suit  of Elsie  M.   Halt  particulars of which are as follows  T     ,     n        SUMMONS  In the county Court-of Yale holden  ������������������ -.-9rrV>n������������������   in   the   Province   of  British Columbia.  Between Elsie M. Halt, Plaintiff,  'rY\.$?{!li!r J- Watson, Defendant.  . 1 ALL NOTrCE thai unless within  eight days after the personal service of this summons on you, inclusive of the clay of such "service,  you file with the Registrar of this  Courl at Vernon, B. C, a dispute  note, dated and signed bv vourself  or your solicitor, in answer to the  claim which the Plaintiff makes on  you, as per margin, the particulars  ol which are hereunto annexed,  the Plaintiff may proceed in this  action, and judgment-may be given  againsl you in your, absence:   ���������������������������  Claim        ' ��������������������������� S722.G8  Fee for Plaint         lfl.00  Solicitors   cosls            5.00  Total       Il'oyou file-  the-Resistnir  ilied.   the. Be   S737.GS  the dispute note with  within thc time speci-  "jistrai-  will   send   vou  closure  and  possession  of the  said  lands.  5.    Certificate of Lis Pendens.  Dated at Armstrong, in the Province of British Columbia, this 14th  dav of January, A.  D.  1919.  R. R. Perrv.     '���������������������������  Plaintiff's Solicitor.  The address for service of the  above named Plaintiff is at the office of her said solicitor, Wolf enden  Block, Okanagan Avenue, Armslrong, British Columbia.  In  the  County  Court of Yale,  Holden at Vernon  Between  and  ant.  Before His  Elsie   M.   Halt,   Plaintiff,  rVrthur J. Watson, Defend-  Wc arc showing a large stock  of crockery and glassware at the  old prices. Full sets and odd  pieces. All the best quality. Real  bargains .in dishes; fancy, and  plain.  W. J. WOODS  C. F.  Cliff  B,  St.  License No.  8-12980.  Enderby  ENDERBY, ������������������ C.   GI-T-Y^Q F-END ER B-Y==~=-���������������������������  NOTICE is hereby given that the  first silting of the annual Court of  Revision of the Municipalilv of the  Citv of Enderbv for the vear 1919,  will be held at Ihe City Hall, Enderbv, on Mondav. thc 24th day of  March. A. I). 1919, at 8 oclock p.  rn., for llie purpose of hearing and  determining complaints against the  assessment for the said year, as  made by the Assesspr.and revising  and  correcting the assessment roll.  Any person complaining against  the assessment may, personally, or  by means of a written communication 0ver-his signature, or by a solicitor or by an agent authorized by  him in writing to''appear on his behalf,-��������������������������� come before the Courl and  stale his complaint; and the Courl  may confirm or correct the assessment; provided he shall first have  given notice in wriling to the Assessor of the ground of his coin-  plaint at --least len days before the  said  first sitting.  Daled at ihe City Hall, Enderby.  lhis loth dav of February, A. D.  1919.  GRAHAM ROSOMAN,  City   Clerk  Dissolution of Co-Partnership  by   post   notice   of   lhc   day   upon  which  the action  will  be tried.  Sealed by the Registrar with the  Seal of the above Counlv Court this  14th day of .January. A.'D. 1919. To  the Defendant Arthu ��������������������������� J. Watson.  PARTICULARS OF CLAIM  1. The Plaintiff, some time of  Armstrong, in the Province of British Columbia, at present residing  in London. England, is the mortgagee of the property hereinafter  mentioned, and the Defendant, Arthur J. Watson, formerly' of Armstrong. British Columbia, "and whose  present address is unknown, is the  owner of the land hereinafter mentioned, subject to the Plaintiff's  mortgage.. "   ���������������������������  2. By Indenture of Mortgage  bearing date the 20th day of June,  A. IJ). 1913, and registered in the  Land Registry Office for the District of Yale, at the city of Kamloops, in Charge ��������������������������� Book. Volume 7,  Folio G9, as Number 1012E, the Defendant did grant ajid mortgage  unto the Plaintiff for the purpose  of securing repavment of the sui?i  of Five Hundred ($500.00) Dollar  with'interest at the. rate of eight  (8%) per cent per annum on the  following lands situate in the Osoyoos Division of Yale District, that  is to say: Lots twenty-one (21) and  twenty-two (22), according to a  map or plan deposited in the office  of the District Registrar, for the  District of Yale, at the city of Kamloops, and  therein  numbered  8<>1.  3. Default has becn made in  payment of the principal and interest   secured   by   the   said   mort-  -ga ge^a n (Eth cr_e=is^n ���������������������������\\���������������������������t\ u c=a acUp ay_,  able the orincipal sum of Five Hundred (8500.00) Dollars and interest  at'the rate of eight (8%) per cent  per.'annum' from the date of the  said   mortgage.  4. The Defendant was'"in possession of the said lands until he abandoned ahd left the same and the  lands are now unoccupied and un-  i-ared forj executing tbat the Plain-  1111* has paid the taxes in respect  of. same up to the end of the year  1917.^     V ������������������������������������������������������;-���������������������������-��������������������������� ---;-���������������������������������������������������������������������������������- ���������������������������-     -��������������������������� -=5.:v;.  Honor Judge Swanson,  o  in    Chambers,    Wednesday,    the  29lh day of January, A. IJ). 1919.  UPON THE APPLICATION of the  Plaintiff, and upon reading the affidavit of Reginald Radcliffe Perry  sworn herein the 24th dav of January, A. D. 1919. and filed, and the  affidavit of Charles D.. .-Sirnms,  sworn herein the 20ih day of "January, A. D.1919, and filed, and on  hearing Mr. R. R. Perrv, counsel  for  the  PlanitifV.  IT IS ORDERED that Ihe delivery of a sealed copy of the Summons issued in this action togelher  with a copy of this order by fastening same upon the door of the  house on lhe properly in .thgyplaint  mentioned, situate al lhe city ' of  Armstrong, in the County of Yale,  and a publication in the Okanagan  Commoner of a notice of the entry  of the above named plaint in' two  issues of the said paper, shall be  deemed to be good and sufficient  service of the said summons-on the  said defendant" on tbe day of posting up. of. thc said summons and  Order or publication of tbe said notice, . whichever date, shall be last  in point of time.  J. D. SWANSON, C. C. J.  NOTICE TQ CftEPJTOflS  In the matter of the estate pf Edward Stokes, late of the City of  Armstrong, in the Province of  British Columbia, deceased.  We, the undersigned, doing business under the name of Skyrme  Bros., have mutually agreed lo dissolve .partnership.  Any claims agaist thc co-partnership must be sent to Thos. R.  Skyrme on or before Feb. 2Sth. No  claims will be recognized after  that  dale.  THOS. R. SKYRME,  ERNEST SKYRME.  Grindrod. B. C. Jan. IC, 1919.  Wherefore. Ih'c Plaintiff Claims:  VI    Possession   of  the  said   lands  pending final judgment in this  action.  2. , That account bc laken of  whal is due and payable from  lhe Defendant under and by  virtue of llie said mortgage for  principal, interest and taxes.  3. Payment of the amount as  found   due.  'I.    In   default   of   payment,   for-  STATIONERY  CANDIES  CIGARS  TOBACCO  CIGARETTES  TOYS  MUSIC-  AND MANY OTHER LINES  NOTICE is hereby given that all  persons having any claims or demands against the iale Edward  Stokes, who died on or about the  16th day of December, 1918, at  Armstrong, in the Province of British Columbia, are required to send  by post, prepaid, or to deliver to  the undersigned administratrix of  the estate of the said Edward  Stokes, their names and addresses  and full particulars in writing of  their claims and statements of their  accounts, and the nature of the securities, if anv, held by them.  AND TAKE NOTICE that after  th e-31 st=d a y-o f=M a rc-hr-A.-l-J> .--=19t9,,  the undersignJed will proceed to  distribute the assets of the said deceased among the persons entitled  thererto having legard only J to  I claims-of which she shall then have  I had notice, and that the undersigned will not be liable for the  said assets nor any part thereof to  any person o'f whose claim she  shall not then have received notice.  AND FURTHER TAKE NOTICE  that all monicsvowing by.any person or persons-to the late Edward  Stokes, are to bc paid to the undersigned forwith.  Dated at Armstrong, British Columbia, this 2Gth day of February,  A. D. 1919.  HANNAH-'STOKES.  Administratrix, Armslrong. B.  C.  82-41  Our  Prices  li  j On these lines  are as reasonable as many city department f  o stores will quote on sale days.   We purchase our lines [  I) earefulJy  and give you  the advantage in price at all |  a times.   We sell at all times at a reasonable profit. "j  "��������������������������� Compare our goods and judge the values for yourselves.        1  5  SEE OUR WINDOWS  Ladies' kid pumps,   turn  sole, military heel,  especially good quality, at per pr. $6 50  |  0  0  0  I  0  *w  0  3,  Mahogany, calf oxfords, recede toe, military  heel, Goodyear welted soles, pair. $7.25  Patent leather and kid Mary Jane pumps, the  best that can J.be bought at any price,       $3.50 and $3.75  Nippon Pongee, a very even fine weave, 36 in.  wide, a tmly beautiful quality ^and no  filling in it, our reg, price per yd. $1.45  Nippon Pongee, 33 in. wide, a very good quality and specially priced, per   yd.   $1.15  Extra heavy suiting, pique, cream and ivory,  44 in., just the right thing, per yd. $1.50  m  1  SEE OUR WINDOW  For special values in Pure Irish Linen Huck Towellings, very wide and  heavy qualities, 75c  and  SI.00 per yard, also hand crocheted towels from the above linen, 45x27,  nicely   Damasked,  $1.50  and #1.75 each  Foreman & Armstrong  The Big Store  Can. Food Control License  No. S-22,366  Armstrong, B.C.  mxOk  i\  THE CANADIAN INDIAN  taken  his full share,  thc least (thing during the past four yeaqj!  AND' CITIZENSHIP ilhc counlry ^an clo, if evFJ as .a , to   warrant   that   protection.-^  rtl,u  wllf'1J1^"1f   recompense Tor his sacrifice, is!,-,        ,.-      Ayr    . .    , T , -AL  CITY OF ARMSTRONG  Tlie Popular Variety  Store  CLIFF ST. :-: ENDERBY  C. F. B. License No. 10-9227.  TENDERS nrc invited for the delivery of 400 varus shale, from the  Mcllish Pits. Delivery to lie within  the city limits where required during the month of April next.  Tenders, to include all charges  for material, will hc received at the  Citv Oflice up till noon on March  10th, 1910.  Tho   lowest   or   any   tender   not  necessarily  accepted.  80-3 E. GROVES, City Clerk.  PJ". Ferguson  Contractor and Builder  Brick, Cement  and Carpentry.   Let me  tjivc vou an estimate   on  anything you  want built,    Good Red Brick always  in  stock  In a very logical letter to an  American newspaper, thc Rev.  Red Fox Skinhurhu (a full  blooded Blackfoot Indian) urges  the cause of his people to full  citizenship in thc Uniled States.  As in Canada thc aborigine of  thc United States is a ward of  thc country and has no citizenship rights���������������������������hc not being supposed to have intelligence sullicienl to take up,ils responsibilities. -If ever thcrc -was. any  suspicion in thc mind's of thc  present generation lhal the Redman was still the degenerate thc  tram ers of the Indian laws in  both countries would have us  believe, the splendid pariolism  shown by, him in this war of libt  erty and justice has entirely  eliminated it. In Canada long  before compulsory military service came into force every  Red man of military age volunteered for military service���������������������������a  record that was not near  equalled by any other race in  the country,"cither white or colored. .Surely then he has the  right to ask the question���������������������������if the  Redman can fight, why can't he  vote?  It has always seemed an anomaly to us that any foreigner,  be he black of white or yellow,  can become a citizen of Canada  after five years' residence���������������������������with  no examination as to his qualifications, which if given would  have barred many present citizens���������������������������but that the real native  is penned up in reservations,  without a voice in his own SQ\.~.  crnment, because in tlie ,eafly"  days of the white man's occupation of the country, he fell a i  victim to his conqueror's worst j  trait of character, drink, which  he mistakenly thought produced !  the valor that overcame himself. The Dominion Government  does not seem to realize that  the, xcry scho oiin g given 1 n the  reservations lias educated the  Redman to a far more ad- j  vanccd state of civilization than  that of many foreigners now  domiciled in Canada.  Now that peace has come after over four years of bloody  war in which the Redman has  to give him thc full privilege of Canadian Municipal Journal,  citizenship, and we don't know  of any other race that would  make belter etizens. A������������������tcr all  no man is fit to become a citizen of Canada unless he is prepared to fight for her, and in  this* the Canadian Indian has set  a splendid example lo us all���������������������������  and in particular lo those many  Europeans . who havc enjoyed  our hospitality and protection,  but who have done little or no-  /#i#t^&$>j������������������v,'  We are in receipt of a carload  of "five Poses" Flour and Feed  of all Kinds and are pleased to  invite our old patrons to take  advantage of the opportunity to  get the choicest flour on tlie Canadian market today.  >J  j$. p. :pj:p:p  Men's Wear Groceries Enderby, p. c.  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-17170.  T  Discount  When buying here you get a  discount of 10 per cent on all  lines except sugar, flour and  feed,. ; ,;..j.V^ill  Are You Going to Paint?  Armstrong  B.C.  Canada Food Board License   No. S-9S6  GENERAL MERCHANTS  Ox'iii.clarocl, B������������������0  We Carry tlie  Jargrest wd most com  pjete stocfc of oils aw4 paints \n  tlie Northern Ofcwuigwi  Our lines arc the very best on the  market.  We   have   Paint   for   the   home,  c. farm   implements,  cars, barns  and  everything that needs paint.  Wc carrv a well-assorted stock of  small family Paints, Varnishes,  Stains and Alabastine.  Paint and Varnish Brushes.  ,Everv want in hardware can be  satisfied by us at the lowest-prices.  Sharpies suction-feed cream sep-  0 arators always in stock.  Fulton Hardware Enderby  I  Fulton Hardware Co. ltd  ENDERBY, B.C.


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