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Okanagan Commoner Jul 25, 1918

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 L-'  ARMSTRONG,  B.C.  ���������������������������\... j-^>     .,.-/-*  ' >������������������V"....,V.  unu.  mnmotiet  ENDERBY,  B. C.  IN WHICH IS MERGED THE ENDERBY PRESS AND ARMSTRONG ADVERTISER.  Vol. XV, No. 29, Whole No., 751  ARMSTRONG. B.C., THURSDAYS JULY 25, 1918  Subscription, $2.00 per vear: 5c the codv  Enemy Meets Serious  Reverse on the Marne  The Germans, violently attacked on their right flank and  south of the ^Marne, have been  compelled to retreat across thc  river. The French hold th entire south bank of the Marne.  Morc than twenty  prisoners and morc  hundred guns have been captured.  ' j'hc Allied troops have nov.  had to wait very long for the  result of this countcr-ofl'ciisive.  Thc War Office statement is  as follows: "Wc hold thc whole  south bank of thc Marne.    Be-  that they are once'more in for  the long weary grind of defensive warfare with every hope of a  decisive victory gone while an  uninterrupted stream of American reinforcements brings the  thousand prospect of ultimate defeat  than four daily nearer. Thc submarine  has failed. Thc Allies cannot  bc starved into submission, nor  can American aid bc prevented  from reaching France. The situation in thc East, also, is far  from satisfactory. Thc food  supply from the Ukraine has  proved   extremely   meagre  and  SPLENDID   SHOWING  Iwccn the Aisne and the Marne disappointing.    Anolhcr winter  Franco-American =, troops    con-'of food shortage and starvation  tinuc to make progress, and  have driven back the enemy,  who is resisting stubbornly. We  havc reached Poissy and Parcy-  Tigny, and havc passed beyond  St. Rcmy-Blanzv and Roset Si.  Albin.  "Further south we hold the  general line of thc Pricz plateau  northeast of Courchamps.  "Thc number of prisoners avc  havc taken since July 18 exceeds 20,000. Over 400 guns  havc been taken  rations stares the people of thc  Central Empires in thc face.  Such a situation inevitably carries lhc seeds of revolution. Actual revolt would be far morc  likely to arise among thc mixed  nationalities of Austria-Hun-  garv than among thc Avcll-dis-  ciplined, homogeneous Germans  But revolutions are like flames  ���������������������������41 icy spread far and fast when  conditions arc right. And in  spite of frequently disappointed  hopes, there arc still some well-  Armstrong High School Passes  Twenty-two  out of  Twenty-  thrtee Trying.  Once more a record has been  set by the Armstrong High  School. Out of a total number  of twenty-three taking the recent examinations, twenty-two  passed. In the advanced course  twelve out of twelve passed, one  candidate took the full course,  junior,grade and passed; and in  junior matriculation only one  candidate out of ten trying  failed to get through. This is a  remarkable record���������������������������onc down  oul of twenty-three trying.  Following arc the names of  those pupils who succeeded in  'gelling     through:       Advanced  I course, junior  marks, 1,:)00;  didatcs, 12; passed, 12; Vera L  didatcs, 12; passed, 12; Vera L  Ratlcdgc, 696;  Lily I. Watson,  GETTING ONE'S GOAT  A Civic Goat Raffle Held by City  of Vancouver,, and What it  Leads to.  grade; maximum  number of can-  Our    avialoip,     redoubling informed     political     observers  their activities on the night and  clay of thc 19lh, multiplied their  raids and engaged in severe cn-  ' counters with enemy forces.  Franco- British bombing squadrons, laking thc Maine crossing  as their principal objective have  ceaselessly hampered and af  certain" points stopped enemy  supply service completcy, thus  playing an important role in the  conflict   which   was   about   to  . provoke the retreat, of- the German troops.' '       . \    ^  "    y-- ,  Looks Like a Long War  who believe the peoples of thc  Central Empires will rise in revolt before the Gcrman war machine actually collapses in the  field.  . Henry Farrand Griffin, thc  American war critic wriling in  Leslie's Weekly., on thc "effects  of thc Allied" counter-offensive  says: "        ���������������������������  Because most competent military authorities have agreed!  that thc present campaign will  prove thc decisive struggle of  the war, ajargc part of the public seems to havc jumped to the  conclusion that if the Germans  fail in their great offensive  peace must soon ^follow. This  Is bV N������������������ weans a logical Reduction', nor is it justifiable by tlie  past history of warfare. ��������������������������� The  Rattle of Gettysburg was probably tbe decisive battle of the  Alters Whole Situation  A London despatch says:  "The success of the Franco-  American counter-offensive .on  the Champagne front has altered th whole situation. The  entire enemy line, from Chateau  Thierry, to Rheims, the .adviic������������������:  from the battlcfront point out,  is dependent on the railroads  which the French now dominate. Supplies for the German  forces around Chateau Thierry  must now be brought twenty to  thirty miles by road.   -= ���������������������������  It would bc a very serious  business for.the Germans to remain in this salient, according  to all accounts. They will not  only have to discontinue.their  plans for the offensive, but will  probably have to fall baejc to a  new line where the problem of  supplies can be handled easier.  *'!be German offensive thus  bas been turned into a repulse,  the advices from the front say,  and may now be turned definitely into a German defeat.  "The initiative now is in the  678; Elcanora Piggott, 706 (llr  subjects); Robert A. Lindsay,  651; Mary Mcllish, 612; Delph-  inc H. R. Patchett, 561; Margaret Phillips, 544; Margaret Sh'eill,  542; Gertrude II. Murray, 576,  (11 subjects; Vera V. Patrick,  536; Esther K. Lundin, 500; Annie Lynn, 500.  Full course, junior grade;  maximum marks, 1,200; number of candidates, 1; passed, 1;  Mary Bell, 688.  Junior Matriculation: maximum marks, 1,000; number ol  candidates, 10; passed, 9; number to be re-examined, 1; Eva  Wade, 707; Ethel A. Davis, 660;  Charles F. Bailcv, 643; Robert  G. McKee, 636;,Bertha G. Fowler, 630; Lillian M. Arland, 625;  Mabel Dodds, 600; Kathleen E.  Piggott, 600; Florence Adair,,  588. "  after Lee's disastrous defeat. So  it is lijcely enough' that if the  Germans fait, to reach a decision  in the present campaign they  will be able to hold out on the  defensive for many long months  -by^succcAsj.veJy^__sliorMiing._tbc.  lines and slowly yielding grouncj  through Franee and Pelgium.  \\\ this event political factors  would be far more likely to  bring about a rapid ending of  the war than the most effective  military pressure that the Allies  can Treasonably expect to develop within the next twelve  months. Jn other wotcjs if thc  war is to be won by a decisive  military victory over thc German armies in thc field, thc Allies, even with American aid,  can hardly expect lo have the  necessary overwhelming superiority over thc enemy much he-  fore 1920. This is not a particularly pleasant fact to face, bul  thc Aliics have done their cause  far more harm by optimistically underestimating the enemy's  strength lhan by undue pessimism. And thc American people  will be wise to realize the magnitude of the job ahead of them  and then go lo it.  If this prospect looks grim  enough for thc Aliics, it is comforting to remember that il  must look indefinitely worse to  the peoples of thc Central Empires. Hitherto they havc been  buoyed up by their leaders' promises of swift, decisive victory  on the western front. Since  Von Kuchlmann's recent speech  before the Reichstag few intelligent people in Germany can  have any further illusions on  lhat score.    They must realize  have been completely turned by  General poeb's brilliant strojte,  and the wbo|e German situation  between Soisspns and Hbeims  is endangered.  "The Germans, it is said* will  have to fight hard to stave off  a���������������������������rou t"=a n cHto^ex trica te=them-:  sclvcs. This means that the Allies definitely have settled with  thc Crown Prince ancl have  completely neutralized his  group of armies. It is stated that  be will have all he can do. to extricate himself from his present  position."  Helping or Hindering  This war is not, as in thc past,  a war merely of opposing  armies, but a war of nations,  and there is not today a man  or woman in thc Empire who is  not doing something cither lo  help or hinder the winning of  thc war. A man of great distinction told me the othcr day  lhat hc estimated lhe weight of  purely military effort at only 25  per cent of the whole, the remaining 75 per cent being of a  non-military nature, and"made  up of many elements���������������������������agriculture, food shipping, diplomacy.  I think he is probably not far  wrong, and when people inquire  of mc, as they somtimes do,  how thc war is getting on, I feel  inclined to reply, 'Why ask mc?  Why not ask yourself and the  remainder of thc 75 per cent?' "  ���������������������������Sir William Robertson.  '..' Enderby High School���������������������������-Jun-  i(3r "Matriculation. Maximum; of  marks,. 1,000. Number of candidates, .4; passed, 2. Granted  supplemental examinations, IVI.  Lorelto Woods, 651.  Completed Junior, Matriculation���������������������������Mary E. McPhersom  Senior Matriculation���������������������������Maximum marks, 1,100. Number of  candidates, 2; passed, 2. I^ouise  V. Paradis, 732; Porothy.. G.  Punwoodie, 682.  pogus Inspectors Operating  The Canada pood Board has  been informed that certain persons representing' themselves' as  food board inspectors have been  inspecting homes in certain sections of Quebec and Ontario demanding from the bousebolders  payment of fines for alleged infractions of the food b������������������ard regulation.  All inspectors working under  the authority of the Canada  pood Poard will be able to produce official certificates -which  must be presented when their  authority is questioned.    The food board has not ap-  They held a goat raffle in Vancouver thc other day. Hundreds  of Angoras were led home by  people who never had a goat before. After they got the goat at  home, they began to study up  the goat law. They found, according to the Vancouver Province, that goat keeping had its  difficulties in many respects.  There arc quite a number of  unaccountable restrictions on  the goat industry, according to  fhe Goat Bylaw. First, you get  your goat ancl Ihen you can't do  just as you like with it. If you  keep a goat and infectious or  contagious disease hits your  house, then you have to report,  not only thc disease, but also  that thc disease might get your  goat. You also require to have  a license lo keep a.goat, in order  that you may understand  lhat buying a goat is only the  initial expense���������������������������thc capital investment, so to speak, or better  slill, lhc-capital slock. Having  got your goat and your license,  you next proceed to find out  that the bylaw, prohibits yo|u  from keeping lhc animal in your  bedroom, so yoii havc to provide it with a place to live. Here  the cit}' assists by telling you  what sort of a place the goat  must reside in. This������������������ isn't all.  To tell all you have to do under  the^bylaw in order to properly  keep that goat would take up  the whole of thc page; but you'll  have to get a copy of'the bylaw  and learn it all if you want to  keep a goat according to specifications. The original cost of a  goat is a r mere bagatelle under  the bylaw;, its the overhead that  counts. 'After - you .haye*^ complied with',tlie entire bylaw' you  will, feel like a millionaire or  concede the city your Angora/  Keeping a goat is- like,complying with the Food Board orders.  They tclls one, what he should  cat; how'Siiuch and how little;'  but do not,provide the substitute to be eaten.  We arc not looking for anybody's goat; and, we haven't got  a goat, so goat hunters can Keep  away from our sanctum.  >  Mrs. Schubert, Pioneer,  Diesat Armstrong Home  gold,  "The Simple J4fer"  Of course, we all think that  liberty is something that will enable us to make the other fellow  do as we want him to.  pointed any inspectors to visit  private homes ancl any persons  claiming to have such authority  should be reported at once to  the nearest police headquarters.  Jt is, in fact, a constitutional  British law that no home can be  entered and searched -without a  search warrant and any person  permitting the infraction of this  law by any Food Board oflicial  or anybody claiming such authority should know better.0  More Phones Installed  Manager Dobie spent a few  days in Endcrhy and district  lhc past week taking up the  question of telephone with the  people. Hc met with a ready  response and already reports  several phones ordered by businessmen and citizens. In addition to several new phones in  Enderby, hc states that hc will  havc several Mara and Grindrod farmers connected up to the  Enderby Exchange. He desires  to add enough phones along thc  cast road to Grindrod to complete this line. And hc believes  he will get them. Installations  arc already being made. A complete list of the new phones will  be published when the canvass  is finished.  Lee Morris spent a few davs  last week visiting Mr. A. Docksteader,  at  West  Summerland.  Pvery man and woman today  is a simple lifer. There are so  many things which are so hard  to get, so many controllers are  hemming us in with prohibitions that we are making o������������������r  lives simpler and' more simple  every day. Curiously enough,  the large majority of us are  feeling all the better for it. We  wq||c wbere we once motored,  anc| the exercise sets the stagnant b|ooc| in our veins running  with fresh vigor. We cat less  anchdigesHnorer=^So-little^have=  we felt the deprivation that most  of us are declaring that for the  future it is going to be the "simple life forever." There arc,  of course, some who struggle in  their absurd vanity to keep thc  old life alive. TJhcir time is  mainly spent in evading tlie  orders of thc pood Controller  and discovering new sources of  extravagance. Sonic day lhcy  will realize their mistake and  join thc happy army of "simple  lifers." You cannot have your  cake and cat it. Our cake today is victory in lhc greal cause  for freedom, truth and justice.  That can only bc ours if wc deny  ourselves all lhc othcr cakes wc  loved so much. Thc "simple  liler" is doing his duly and thai.  is why he is happy. His is lhc  vision without which, a.s Sol-  onion told usv "the people perish."���������������������������London Express.  Thc Canadian Food Board  has issued four cook books that  should bc in every home. No. 1  i.s on "Canning ancl Drying  Fruit and Vegetables." No. 2,  "Canadian Fish and How to  Cook Them;" No. 3, "Vegetable  Recipes;" No. A. "Bread Recipes." These books arc handy  in size and may be had at 5c  each by sending lo the Secretary  of*thc Food Board in your province: J. II. Hill. 227 P. 0. Bldg.,  Victoria. Send stamps or cash  wilh order.  The death of Mrs. Catharine  Schubert at her Armstrong  home on Thursday, July. 18th,  took from our midst the first  white woman to cross thc Rockies from Eastern Canada to  British Columbia. Mrs. Schubert was thc only woman in the  original overland party of pioneers who crossed thc continent fifty-two ycars ago in search  of gold in thc Cariboo. Thc  party started from Ontario. It  was made tip of those venturesome spirits of early days���������������������������men  true as steel���������������������������who answered thc  call of thc hills to give their all  and risk their lives for  gold, gold.  When the party reached Fort  Garry, now Winnipeg. Mr. ancl  Mrs. Schubert joined it for the  long, wearisome overland trip  west. Mr. A. L. Fortune, who  passed to his rest a few ycars  ago at1 his Enderby home, was  also a member of the party.  When the party started froin  Winnipeg it numbered 200 men  and onc woman���������������������������Mrs. Schubert. It* is ncedlcsg toT enlarge  upon thc trials and sacrifices  made by these brave men ancl  this heroic woman, on that long  trip overland by ox-cart ancl  prairie schooner. They organized themselves into a civilian  military company, with captain,  lieutenants ancl petty officers. In  those days.1 marauding bands of  Indians threatened every emigrant train travelling the prairies, ancl made a trip such as that  of the overland party one of  great danger and anxiety.  , Eventually, after months of  hardship and many anxious experiences," the; party reached the  Cariboo..; \ ThieVgdldJ excitement  had .simmered down to a whisper. Here the party "disbanded!  - Of /the 200 only a. few fellow  spirits hung together. Mr., and  Mrs., Schubert struck down thc  Thompson. They first located  at Lillooet, then at Quesne), and  finally sctlled at Cache Creek,  where Mrs. Schubert entered upon school-work.  Jri J|8J9 Mv. Schubert catne to  ithe" OJcanagan Valley - to lobK  around for a location. Hfe eldest son, Gus, joined his father  in J|88J|, and in:J884 the mother  and rest of the children came.to  the Scbubert farm, on part of  wbicb the town of Armstrong  is now located. Here Mrs. Scbubert lived for thirty-four years:  Her husband died many years  ago. Two put of three daughters still live���������������������������IVfrs. Harry  Swanson and Mrs. Harry  Fraser���������������������������both of Armstrong.  She bad three sons. Gus, Charlie  and James. The first named is  a large and successful rancher  of the Armstrong district;  James Schubert is a successful  cattleman, while Charlie is in  army service overseas.  All have been identified with  Armstrong and thc Spallumcheen  from   the   beginning   of  SUNDAY AND THE FARMER  Field Secretary of the Lord's  Day Alliance Offers Suggestions on How to Work.  Dr. C. H. Hucstes, M.A., field  secretary for th Lord's "Day Alliance in Alberta and British  Columbia, addressed a meeting  olV thc Armstrong Lord's Day  Alliance on Tuesday evening,  in lhc Methodist Church. Dr.  Hucstes reviewed thc progress  of the work of education concerning thc Lord's Day Act of  Canada in thc two provinces.  Thc agency employed by the  Alliance in ninety-seven per  cent of thc cases reported as infractions of lhc law waslhat of  moral suasion, by correspondence or personal interview.  Only in thc three per cent had  recourse to the courts been  taken. Last'year was very encouraging in thc results from  education of the public through  the press, thc pulpit, and the.  efforts of thc Alliance.  Onc thing that has greatly assisted in Lhc observation'of the  Lord's Day   Act,   hc said,  has  come as a result of scientific investigation  in  connection  with  thc country's industries.   It has  becn   proved    so    clearly   that  greater efficiency ancl speed can  be made'When employees work  six days in thc week instead of  seven that no patriotic.institution will attempt in war-time to  work on  Sunday so as to in- -.  crease   production. - Since   October, 1916, no munition plant ,  in   the   United   Kingdom   lias  been  permitted by  the  British  Government to work on Sun-V  day.? This measure,ypr. Huestes ,  saidVliasfaccpiihted very much ���������������������������  for the increase of munitions on.  the Western front for the Allies.  Recently 'something1' has   appeared in   the  press about.tlie  farmer   and   his .working   on  Sunday.   In,this conncction.Jic-  said, the Premier of "Canada, a  short   time   ago, - emphatically   '  declared .-that' thc .Government  would in ho way alter tlie Lords ������������������  Pay. Act. to permit farmers to 7  wb'rjc on  Sunday; as it would  tend to decrease production;  Tjie officers of the Arnistrong  Alliance were re-elected: President, T- Halladay; secretary. ;R>  Arnott. -Tbe Alliance wj|| con- "  tinucy |o assist in the work of  encouraging the observance of  the ford's Pay Act, and feels it  is its patriotic duty to encourage every farmer to worH faithfully and systematically six  days of the wce|c andrest on the  seventh,, that, he may fbcrease  production of food stuffs, of  which there is such dire need at  this.present time. The Alliance  hopes that every resident in the  =Armstrong���������������������������distriGt=wi|l=-p"rovc���������������������������  to be a law abiding citizen and  loyal to our Canadian institutions and ideals.  these municipalities, ancl havc  taken an active interest in all  movements looking to thc advancement of thc community.  Jn the early history of thc district Mrs. Schubert was mosl  active in all social work. She  was a consistent adherent to the  Catholic faith; aged 83 ycars.  * The funeral service was held  Sunday morning, July 21sl. at  St. Joseph's Church. Rev.  Father Buckley officiating.  Mayor, Wright, Donald Graham,  Geo. Parkinson, Albert Evans,  Miles McDonald, and F. B.  Young, all pioneers of. thc district, acted as pallbearers. Thc  services were largely attended  ancl floral tributes were heaped  upon  thc casket.  Mrs. Schubert wajs born .in  the County of Down, Ireland.  Shc came to America Avhen a  girl; met Mr. Schubert in 1854  ancl lhcy were married in St.  Paul, Minn., in 1856. Shortly  after marriage they moved to  Fort Garry, where they lived  until joining lhc overland parly  for lhc Cariboo.  Mrs. Schubert lind twenty  four grandchildren living, and  seventeen great grandchildren.  One grandson was killed in .action, and several others are at  thc fronl.  The widespread impression  that the American soldier's insurance is paid in a lump sum  after death led the Washington  war department to make thc announcement a few days ago to  the effect that payments of benefits under the War Risk Insurance Act arc made over a period of twenty years. The insurance's payable, on thc death of  the insucrd, on the , basis of  $5.75 per months for each $1,-  000 of insurance for 240 monthly instalments. For Hip. maximum of $10,000 the beneficiary would receive a maximum  of $57.50 per month for twenty  years.  IN MEMORIAM  In loving memory of  Flt-Lteut. Basil W. Binjkley  who died for King and  Country,  July 12, 1917.  It was hard to part wilh  him   avc loved,   but  God  knows  -what   is   best.  HIS  MOTHER  ��������������������������� z **"*��������������������������� J  x-., j  -^'���������������������������Os*-*^  ,  .                                Vf  k- Z\  ..-    * ���������������������������������������������  i-3TCi  -  { V  - T?  ~     ts   tt7\  ,j  "  ,   i      *-x  ~,7 --  j.  * -"   -d  ������������������-,  ���������������������������v ~  V   t 1  T    .-1 OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, JULY 25V 1918.  The Checkerboard of War anl  How Foch, Master Fox, is Playing It  Bv  Harrv  Carr.  Field-  The death of Field- Marshal  ���������������������������Von Hindenbcrg (assuming thc  report of his death he true) will  not very seriously affect the  prowess "of lhe German army.  Whatever effect  lhe event will  upon  the  the  Ger-  Von Hin-  SUNSHINE SERMONS  Cheerful Guidance to a Happier, Healthier Lift  By the Philosopher-Physician  GEORGE F. BUTLER, A. M., M. D.  The   object   of   ventilating   Is  not to air rooms and  buildings,  but it Is to air yourself.     If you  do   that   just     exactly     twenty-  three   hours,  fifty-nine     minutes  and     sixty     seconds   In     every  twenty-four     hours     you      need  never  worry   about  the   ventlia-  ation   of  your  rooms  and   buildings���������������������������they'll take care of themselves.     What   do  you   ventilate  on  hot  days  and  nights?    Yourself,  Isn't  It?    Well, why turn  a  mental    hand   spring     on     cold  cfays     and     nights?     In     warm  weather   your   rooms     can 0 go  "hang"   so    long    as   your   skin  feels  cool   or there   is  a, breeze,  whereas   in   cold   weather   your  lungs can  go to "hang" so  long  as your rqpms feel cool-less and  breeze-less.     Thus   it   comes   to  pass    that    In    hot   weather,    at  home,  at the factory,  at  school,  in    office    and    public    building,  every   man,   wom'an     and     child  gets ventilated twenty-four hours  every   day;   whereas,   each   and  all   such   get   ventilated   but     a  fraction  of an  hour or two during   the     cold     weather.     Avoid  breathing   impure   air,   air   that  has     been     breathed���������������������������at     home  and   at   work,   asleep   or  awake.  Breathed   air  is  a  virulent  poison;  your own as well as others.  "Dirty   air   Is     death."     Always  and   everywhere   avoid   the   contaminating   air   if   you   have  'to  quarrel   to   do   it.     If   you   don't  you  will  have to suffer and the  devil  to  pay  to get your blood  and    flesh    rid    of    it.1   Besides,  losing your health you will  lose  your job  or  business  or  happiness   sooner   or   later;  lave  will  he  chiefly  morale and  spirit  o  man people by whom Von  denberg was held in almost superstitious  reverence.  Strictly from a military stand  point his death will not detract  in any very serious way from  the ability of the Central Powers to make war.  1 have, two reasons for this  conclusion. .The reasons arc interlocking.  War   in   the   present   day  is  waged upon  a  scale  lhat  takes  it out of Ihe personal influence  of any one commander. In ages  past,    war    consisted    of    two  armies who advanced in parallel  lines  lo meel one another aud  who iinished it all in one bailie  in  which one side was annihilated lhere and then.    Every age  has seen an advance in the complexity of war-making.    In   the5  present day war consists nol of  jighling only, bul of an intricate  use of politics, diplomacy,,,even  religion and anthropology.    Thc  main reason why the Allies have,  nol made heller progress in the  weak spot of the Central Powers, in the Balkans, i.s their lack  of  understanding of the peculiarly entangled race problems of  struck   a   new  and disarmed  let them come home. That's the  only reason.  Without going into details. I  can briefly outline Foch's plan  for picking off Turkey, Bulgar  and Russia.  In a general way it is the plan  lhe Allies always had: to send  an army up from Saloniki; cut  the Bcrlin-to-Constantinople     -^  railroad, thus cutting .off lhe  Balkans and Turkey from Austria. Thc way into Austria by  the southeastern back door  would then bc open to the Allies.  Thc long delay in moving the  Saloniki expedition made it pos-  isible for the Germans to heavily  fortify the route thc Iroops  would have lo take as they went  norlh. In order to avoid a severe and dangerous frontal attack against these fortifications,  Gen. Foch has begun a campaign lo cut in behind thc fortifications and force a retirement  lol'   the  Central  Powers,  al  lhe j in the war.  isame   lime  giving   the  Saloniki) vou   what  {expedition freedom lo begin ils  travels ovei  northward march.  campaign was a failure owing j  , to the jealousies of Greece, Italy,  (England and France'in the Mediterranean.  *..  The powers  named" have  all'  dreaded  to   havc  Italy  develop ]  ! loo much strength-.   "Wherefore, j  la complete unity of action'was,  :impossible, and the Allies were;  ���������������������������'/ i deprived������������������of using Italy's big and ,  uljellicient army in the quarter in!  'which   it   -jyould   do   the   mosl I  | good.     President  Wilson's   un-,  'selfishness in turning lhe American army over to Foch, to do'  iaclachlan Hardware  ARMSTRONG, BC.  PHONE   47  is though il were his own. I  nolo  in  Europe  all jealousies.  Amazing Undertaking  Inlo  Russia  reason  lo> believe lhal  (Copyright.  1910..  by, W.  G.  Chapman.)  <>������������������:  Canada  Food Board  No. 8-6337  License 9  :"0  Fiuit Jars  E-Z SEAL  :   .        and  PERFECT  SEAL  Pints per doz.  Quarts "    ���������������������������'  ������������������ Gals. "   '���������������������������   ,  $150  ������������������1.75  S2 5Q  **T  fi  I  me   mixed   peoples  Roumania anc"  of  Bulgaria.  Serbia.  Was Nonsseniial  Economy   Jars  and   fittings  now arriving.  Monfcserrat    lime   juice    per  bottle  .. . 0Qc and $ % .QQ  Raspberries  Now  t  i.s the time for preserving,. Jlaspbrrries.  Apricots  jj Place your orders with us for  o apricots now, all orders filled  j|   in turn when fruit arrives.  Tpiiips ft fflMM  I  fi  Phone 48  Armstrong  fi  1  fi  o  !  V  %  *  t  <���������������������������  t  !  ������������������������������������������������������:������������������X"M'W������������������>������������������K,,>,W"W'>K������������������K'H  MAT. HASSEN  Auctioneer and Livestock  Salesman   .  ARMSTRONG       B. C.  Von Hindenbcrg was a specialist on thc topography of East  Prussia. He brought lo thai  campaign in 1914-15 a special  knowledge that undoubtedly,  was of lhe highest value to thc  Gcrman Empire. ���������������������������->  But thc later campaigns havc  not becn planned by him. I  doubt if hc even planned the  East. Prussia  campaign.  -  A Gcrman general works like  a motion picture director. Thc  plan or scenario is worked out  by experts who are never heard  of,=even in Germany. Thc plans  consist no! only oi" the movements of troops; but sanitary  conditions, .food supply, railroadfransporta lion. Even legal  phases and. religious considerations arc all laid out for the  commander by -trained experts  in thc gloomy old brick building  where thc great -General Staff  of Berlin is quartered.  Thc fact i.s, as thc scene of  war gradually shifts around to  the Balkans again via Albania,  it comes to a phase concerning  which Von Hindenbcrg probably knew very lillle.  Although I -think lhc Central  Powers are coming to. thc beginning of thc cncl and arc  facing a sweeping and final defeat, nevertheless Von Hindenbcrg alive or dead will nol have  much of a bearing on the events  to come.  It is rather appalling to tackle  as discussion of the present turn  of the lighting. It is so intricate, dillicult and concerns so  many things othcr than military  strategy. In a general way wc new  may-say���������������������������this Mhat=Gcn.-Foch-4s  bringing to bear thc only really  enlightened world strategy thc  Allies havc shown during thc  war.  I nave  a great  bc sent  dancllcs when lhc psychological!  moment comes, through the!  elimination  of Turkey. j  An examination of the lrii:,p!a|ni->e  will make it clear lo anyone j"1  why this expedition musl bc undertaken. For the future safely  of the, world, il is absolutely necessary that the Germans must  bc cut off from any approach lo  Tndia.  If Gcrmanv, al thc close of!  the war, is left on lhc shores of  thc Black Sea. India would always be in danger of invasion  through lhc Rvber Pass. And if  India falls, lhc Brilish Empire  goes up in smoke  Our safety an  thc British Empire arc henceforth to bc _ linked together.  Each of us is necessary to thc  existence of the othcr. Therefore the future of America depends very largely upon" a barrier being creeled lo keep thc  Germans away from all access  to India.  It will bc interesting to sec  what movemenl the resourceful  and ��������������������������� experienced Gcrman staff  makes lo counter lhis new world  wide" campaign undertaken by  Gem Foch *"'  Thc Kaiser suddenly finds  himself pressed upon heavily by  France on the Piayc in Italy, in  Albania, wilh half a dozen promising rebellions on his hands  in Rusia and with a mysterious  A Captain writes enthusiastically about lhe manner in  which lhc United Slates has assumed her share of the war  work and burden.  "One thing you can make up  your mind on and  lhat is that  our  administration   is  doing  a  wonderful work in making pre-!  paralions for a very active pari;  1 wish I could tell  I   have   seen   in   our;  1 France, of Ihe cnor-j  mous construction work lhat is;  going   on.   work   lhat  even   thc  best   French   engineers   would  say required ten years to do, and .  months.  Standard Binder .Twine 500 ft. 2������������������c  per  lb.  Sis ply Sack Twine, 7Sc per lb". ���������������������������  Six  prong Potato Forks','$2-65   each  Five   " ������������������������������������������������������'        ���������������������������"������������������       $2 35  Heavy   Castor  Machine   Oil,  65c per  gal.  Enamel Preserving- Kettles   95c, $1.25,  and  2.40 each  Aluminum Preserving Kettles $2.85, 4.00,  and  4.50  E-Z Seal Jars pts. $1.50, Qts. .1.75, ������������������ 3ai.  2,50  andv Insect  Doctor William's Spray  Destroyer  This preparation is guaranteed to protect cattle and horses  from   thc   bite of  the  Proverbial Fly.   Thereby  making  your cattle contented and increasing the flow of milk.  It is perfectly harmless, onco used always used.  cans  $1.25, 1 gallon cans  2.25  gallon  ..., .... .,,  it is being done m six  military expedition will;lo   a   V(?.u.      This  has Vequircd ���������������������������  inlo Russia via the Oar-1 lhous.mds of mcri, ]?ui whcn lhc'  enormous -project is completed  it means lhal we will bc able lo  handle all of our end of lhc war j  lone   and   thereby   allow   the;  French lo again utilize their l'a-'l  cilities. I  "I  thought  my  wild  dreams |  could   fancy   the  magnitude  of j  this undertaking, bul will have*'!  to admit lhal when 1 saw il all j  I was amazed, and il is a fact1  that lhc Americans over here do  nol  realize what is being done.  As I talk to men who are doing  this  particular kind of work I  find lhat they think they arc thc  only  ones  who  arc  doing  this  Cf- f       - f particular kind of work.   When  cl tnc salcly of   a  ccrtajn  part}'   showed  mc  a  hundred acrds of warehouses  which had bcen constructed in  that particular locality and I informed him that 1 had been" in  onc camp where lhc warehouses  covered 120 acres besides a  camp lo accommodate 40,000  men,- and that I had passed a  good many such piaccs, he.  frankly slated thai hc was under the impression thai they  were the only ones who were doing.this kind of *work."  "I have seen railroad yards  as large as those of Milwaukee  lhat have been constructed in a  few months. Monster docks  and. modern facilities for unloading ships faster than has  ever, been seen in France. When  I tell you that I havc seen over  The EcJeii Electric Washing- and Wringing* Machine  Arc great labour Savers  especially in hot   weather  -while  you  arc wringing out your batch of clean pieces tho Eden goes right  along washing the next soiled batch.  See it demonstrated  military  movement  developing 500 miles of such construction  on thc part of the Japanese and  Americans in Siberia.  The IVJost Serious  Foch's Idea  I li;ivc ;i wide acquaintance  amo:i.nst buyers. Consult mc  vvheii vdu w.-iiit to bold a sale.  Also send tnc particulars of any  surplus stock you wish to dispose  of.  PHONE No. 34  Much of the sage-' formerly  used in lhis country came from  Europe but it can easily be  grown in any home garden. It  is a perennial and lasts several  years when once established. It  should lie started early. Set the  plants -where lhcy can remain  permanently. Half a dozen of  (he plants will furnish an abundance of leaves.  Instead of haltering his head  against the slrong fortified positions of the German troops in  the trenches on thc west front in  France. Gen. Foch is maneuvering lo lop off Turkey, Bulgaria  and Austria from lhc Central  Powers.  His line, of reasoning has two  slrong roots. Nol onlv are these!  three countries  thc weak spotsi  of the. Central Powers, bul Iheyi  constitute the stepping-stones of  the    Kaiser's    Berlin-to-Bagdad  world dream.   Were they laken  away from  Germany, it would  be useless for Germany to keep  on fighting for an empty purse.  All of them arc'ready to quit.  Turked was bulldozed into the  war which shc never wanted.  Bulgaria already has what she  was lighting for���������������������������the Dobrudja  ���������������������������and lias no further object for  fighting.  Austria is sick of the war and  has heen I'or a long time. Austria has kept on only because  shc is more afraid of Germany  and a rebellion of her people  than shc is of thc Allies.    Aus-  Thc most serious feature of it  for lhc Germans is that they  find themselves fighting on the  outside instead of the inside of  a big circle. It is a very short  route for Gen. "Foch to get from  France to Albania, but it is a  jopg and dillicult journey for  the J������������������aiscr.  An interesting point in tbjs  comparison of distances is  lbatJGen.=,*E.o.cJiJias,Jlo.iiJbciflrst.  time, taken! advantage 'of the  enormous asset- thc Allies have  in the control of thc Mediterranean and Adriatic seas.  Gen. Foch has a great opportunity to let thc Kaiser try for  thc first time the old schoolboy  game of "Merc Ihcy are; here  lhcy ain't."  When you really come down  to it. thc most serious difficulty  of lhe Central Powers i.s an uncertainty as lo what Foch really  intends lo do in Albania. If lhcy  let him alone he will charge toward the Berlin-Constantinople  line and tear the Central Powers  from their allies. If on the othcr  hand thc Germans shift a lot of  Iroops from lhc Western front  to protect Albania. Foch is just  as likely as not to shoot his men  back lo France and go whooping through thc Germans on thc  Western front. '  My own private opinion is  that this change of petty, backyard military tactics into world'  strategy will bring certain victory to thc Allies in such a way  as to permanently cripple Germany's world dreams.  American Bigness  . -This change in policy has bcen  made possible by lhc unselfishness of American diplomacy, it  you can begin to realize how  this good old'United States is  going into this war."  No IVfan's "Land���������������������������a camp site  occupied by girls chaperoned by  a disappointed spinster.  ladies' suits  Men's smis  "0  Clotftes Cleaned Pressea  Altered an4 Repaired  AU5X. APAJR  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  Are you going to do any  Building* or Repairing  This Season ?  THE FOLLOWING ARE GOOD VALUES:  Cull   Boards      No. 2 Dimension,  Green  Blocks '.  2x4  and 2x6     10.00   per  thousand     15.00   per  thousand  "  V. $2.00 per load  Blocks $ 2.50  Dry  Planing Mill Wood ".     2.25  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd. enderby  The Mulligan Stew  (Anonymous���������������������������found     on  door of a trapper's cabin in  Rockies.)  thc  the  -������������������������������������������������������o  License No. 0-3-109  Snow on   lhc  level,   three  feet  deep,  Oh.  Lord  how .the wind  is  blowing!  We've eaten our caps and suspender straps.  And damned if it stilj ain't  snowing.  Wc made a mulligan stew tocjay  Of a candle, sonic soap and a  wisp of hay,  Some small pine Mocks, a pair  o' socks,  A   wood-rat's   pest   and   a  couple of rocks.  Tomorrow "worn at the peep of  cjawh  ' We're   going   to   leave   this  shack,  A trail to seek over mountain  ' peak*  Actios! if wc don't come back-  ������������������������������������������������������  1  1  1  THE  tiom  VflfiNQJV fl. ^  IsOpenllmler  flew 9Ntypmmt~  European plan. First-class dining  room   service.    Complete  line of  soft drinks at bar  jiooms 50c to tl.Sq fer Piy   ;  Good Sample Rooms  WW WPT, - fraprWw  p. c  frEAfrY, proprietor  Repairs to all makes ofcars.    "Pnone 22  ' I*********!  1 i_\i a-yflj.,^' inftimi n  We   can   always   s,upply  you  with Poultry and Fish in season.  Choicest meats  obtainable.  tria keeps her troops at the front is   a  matter  of  general,  know-  simply because she is afraid lo ledge that the previous Saloniki  Geo. R. Sharpe  Wholesale and Retail Butcher  Enderby  Proof of  a Range  The firebox of your  range is the first and last  proof of its usefulness  and durability.  The Kootenay Range  firebox is made of tough,  pure semi-steel���������������������������in nine  pieces to allow expansion  ��������������������������� and contraction and to  prevent cracking.  for Sale by Madawghlan Hardware Co  Range.  London  St. John, N.B.  Toronto  Calgary  Montreal  ���������������������������Hamilton  Winnipeg  Edmonton  Vancouver  Saskatoon  78 THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918.  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  3  A   Great  Time  Saver  The loafers and merely nominal workers of the North American. Continent have fallen upon  evil days. Bolh in Canada and  thc Uniled Stales, lhc law has  set itself severely againsl them.  On July 1st thc United Slates  Federal Order, as drawn up by  Provost Marshal Crowdcr, went  into clfect. All men of draft  age, this is between thc ages of  eighteen and fifty, havc now to  bc engaged in some productive  employment or gel into thc  army. This Federal Order is being rc-cnforced by anti-loafing  laws enacted by the Slate Legislature.  Thc Provost Marshal has defined productive and non-productive occupations and there is  no escape for Ihose who cannot  In the State of New York, the  does not require any illuminated dream to anticipate that,  so long as the war lasts with its  increasing drafts for men and  amunition. workers, the world  will steadily produce less food.  If wc be-wise, a great harvest  will mean', a willing building of  great   national   reserves.-���������������������������Her-  shcrriil's,  police, dislrict:*ri������������������H0^. Sert "HoJver. United Slates Food  ncys, magistrates, oUier*o(hcials Adminislralor>  of the law, and lhc State Indus  trial Commission, under the  Stale Anli-loaling legislation,  are combined to enforce the Order and assign men where  necessary to jobs of a productive character. It is estimated  that 1,000,000 will change their  Although the world wheat  crop is morc promising at thc  present time lhan a year ago,  yet considerable time will elapse  before thc crops arc harvested,  and even if the greatest expectations arc realized, thc fact remains lhat the world's reserves  be  classed  among  the  produc-1 better than a man not employed  tivc workers if thej' are of draft at all.   '������������������  age.      Non-productive    occupa-| ������������������ Canada's Anti-loafing law has  employment as the result of this of w| t urc cxlinuslcd> Thc  order o General Crowdcr. It ,rctllcst carc wiI1 havc to bc cx_  is pointed out that no man  should give up his present employment, even though of thc  non-productive class, until hc  has cither procured work- at an  essential industry or such work  has been procured for him, as it  is recognized thai a man employed at non-essential work is  tions in  the ,United  States  defined as follows���������������������������  crciscd to reestablish those reserves bolh here and abroad. It  is highly improbable that the  bread grain' crops of thc world  will be large enough to more  than re-establish thc proper reserves, and it will be absolutely  necessary to continue conservation and substitution, at least  until thc 1918 crop situation is  known. Canada is daily increasing the manufacture" of substi-  are been in operation since early in lutcs for whcat   am, conslimcrs  April   and  every  male pperson | arc L11.gcnlly- requested to make  First, persons engaged in the i over sixteen and under 60 years llsc������������������of thcsc sulistilutcs to the  serving  of food and drink or  either in public piaccs including  hotels and social clubs.  Second, passenger elevator  operators, attendants and toot-  men, carriage openers and other  attendants in clubs, hotels, office buildings, stores, opera  houses atad bath-houses..  Third, persons, including ushers and other attendants engaged and-occupied in connection with games, sports and  amusements,'except actual performers in legitimate concerts,  operas and theatrical performances."  Fotirtlv persons employed in  domestic service. '  V" Fifth, sales clerks and. other  clerks employed in stores "and  other mercantile establishments  , If-.a man pf draft age, registered and waiting his selection,  for the draft, he not employed  in productive occupation, or if  he he idJe partially or completely, he must bold himself on immediate calj for the army. The  regulation is applicable to wile  registrants, to gamblers of all  description* and, employees of  race-tracks and, bucket sbops, to  fortune-tellers, clairvoyants*  _-*_-!_*���������������������������-��������������������������� 1--_*���������������������������u ,.lm  ������������������������������������������������������-irmr.    TrrT-T-    ���������������������������.-r.     T-.^     rU-SV  deferred classification - withdrawn *wd tpeir names will, pe  reported to tne Adjutant Gener-  niTof the State for military,scr-1  vice. The only excuse for idleness and non-prod.wetive emr  ployment on tlie part of ff man  ftf military age will be sickness*  reasonable vacation, iac|i of  reasonable opportunity for em-  idoyment, temporary absence  rom regular employment, not  o_exceed-one_w.eeK.junless._such-  qre habitual and frequent, or domestic circumstances involving  hardship to dependents if a  change of employment were ordered, or where such change  would ncessitate night work on  the part of women under unsuitable condilions.  of age,  unless a bona-fidc stu- limjt of lhcir abiluy._HCnry B  dent or physically unfit, or rca-; Thomson     Chairman  sonably unable to find employ-, poot| Board  ment, must be engaged in some  useful occupation.  In Canada the most essential  occupation as the present time  is  agricultural.    Food  produc-  Canada  The automobile, of all inventions, is lhe farmer's greatest  time saver. His light, swift-running car takes him to ' town,  where he has business to transact, and back in a short time;  while his horses, saved from exhausting, fast driving, continue  their work at plow or harrow in  other hands.  Automobiles are not luxuries.  From 80 to 90 per cent of the  time thc motor car is ..used for  business or utilitarian purposes.  Automobiles belong to the  class of * time-saving and labor-  saving machinery. They arc particularly essential under present  conditions of increased agricultural activity and shortage of  man-power. In the United  States, the farmer mav borrow  money lo purchase an automobile under tbe provisions of thc  Farm Loan Board, because it is  recognized that an automobile  is a part of the necessary equipment of thc up-to-date farmer.  A. McOULLOCH,    VERNON, B.C.  Manufacturer and  Wholesaler  , ���������������������������of���������������������������     * "  PURE,  REFRESHING,  AREATED WATERS  and V  AGENT FOR THE FAMOUS  CALGARY   "CHINOOK "  BEER AND STOUT  One must drink to live���������������������������-to live lodrink  And   few   things care   more   refreshing,    invigorating    or    desir-  ' able,-, during-the'hot, dusty days of   summer  lhan   a   cool   drink  of   these   PURE,   SPARKLING     AREATED WATERS, or the Ton  ���������������������������ic Qualities of the non-alcoholic     hop beverages.  Send for Price List  Our Motto: 1  "SERVICE  and  QUALITY"  YOUR BUSINESS DESIRED  "Mail  and  phone  orders  given prompt attention.  Phone 49  Vernon, B.C.  "An Opportunity for Farmers  That city men are of very lit-  ,. ..      ,. tl- tie use on a farm is thc con-  tion is a necessity oi the sum- firnicd bdief  of farmers, who  mer ot 1918 and the saving-of 1(lo not - suffcr incxperienced  the crop is the necessity of the helpers gladly. They want men  present moment. Morc than 65,- -whJ do a        d d    ,   work  000 able-bodied men in addi-i vithout falteri*g and without  hon to the men already at work the awkward manipulation of  on AheJanid' 82l������������������ atthc So������������������lers! farm tools. If the city man can  ot the Soil and the boys and wo-1       throllgh thc motions of an  men oL other organizations, will j ������������������xpepicnc^d hired man, even.if  be needed to save .the crops this, he������������������ does not do the work; he is  sason. QThere is no room forniore appreciated by the farm-  idlers; no time tor loafers and;cr thanF{he "greenhorn."  there should be no mercy for The psychology of the farmer  tramps and pool-room sports. Js as interesting as the psychology, of the city man who would  go on a farm to' help thc farmer,  intimate acquaintance with both  Conservation Still Imperative'  - Under conditions of; war such rural and urban Wfc enables me  as this ty would obviously he an  elementary precaution to build  up as large a reserve of.food as  possible in an island which,is  menaced hy submarine blockade. No sucb reserve is yet w  sigbt and. tjiere should pe no  slackening in Canadian efforts  to provide foodstwffsyfor tlie  pother Cotintry^ord Hbpnd-  da. Food Controller for Great  Britain. "��������������������������� -��������������������������� -'���������������������������  Every aspect of tlie food situation* Jwtp present and prospective, intensifies tlie need for  we greatest possible limitation  m tbe American consumption of  wbeat and wbeat prpdwets. jf  present restrictions sbowld be m  tbe sligbtest degree relaxed it  would result in seriows want for  tbe people of Europe before the  wheat crop can reacb tbe mar  to say that the farmer is sua  picious of the city man.* The  city man is a stranger, be lives  in a, strange place, jie even  dresses strangely.. He is different in most ways from.tbe man  on the fawn, but difference floes  pot always signify; supenordy.  Tbe city man is more affected  tban tbe man on tbp/^rm������������������ and  affection is a bane; giving close  o ,natwre witb ^itwpj^ ,W^5  "armer, natwral wd  i  bat is a Wessing. Botb we  pretty good fellows but \tb?y  Tneed t������������������ *lptjgb c^f^tbeir .swsr  p������������������dons and. get to Hnow eacb  otber- One is as mweb to brnme  as tbe otber for any mental an-  knowledge of sdf is tbe^r  cmning of ail real knowledge.  Your city man outside of b������������������s  ��������������������������� A.    1 _. ��������������������������� ~���������������������������     ll.^  More Regulations  New and important orders regarding thc sale of white flour  and substitutes have just bcen |  issued. From now on any per-'  son purchasing white flour wi'l  also havc to buy substitutes to  the proportion of onc pound "of  substitutes to four pounds of  flour, unless lhe proportion^cf  snostitulcs accompanies tho  sale. Fuvhcrmore, no licensed  dealer shall have in his posses- j  sion any ..vhite or standard flour  for sale unless hc shall also at  all times have a sutlicicnt supply of substitutes to meet the  demands at reasonable prices.  Farming in Dakota  said  we  "Speaking of farming,"  the visitor from thc West,  have some farms out in Dakota  that are quite sizable. I've seen  a man on one of our big farms  start out in the spring and plow  a straight furrow till fall. Then  he harvested back."  . "Wonderful!" said the,listener. " -        - "' .  "On our Dakota farms," hc [.  went on, "it is the usual thing  to send-youn married couples,  out to milk  the cows.    Their,  children return' with the milk.  ���������������������������Boston Transcript.  C. CREED  Real Estate and Insurance Agent.  Auctioneer ahd Live Stock Saleman  ARMSTRONG, B. C.  An Old Hand  Columbia Hour MiU������������������  FOR SA^P  V FLOUR MJW4NG MACWJN0HY;  ENGINES  PUMPS.  ELECTWC GJENEBATOJt; SWITCH ������������������OAW>  AN*P^ENGIN]P.'    ���������������������������*:;  Platform Scales; Corrugated Iron; Wire Netting; Bricks; Blacksmith's Outfit; Tools; Buildings; Lumber; Windows; Firewood; Coal and  quantity miscellaneous material.  , Apply on premises.  v -OR :  Charles p. Gules Co. IM.  Grain, Hay and Produce Merchants,  402 Pender Street, Wi, Vancouver, B. C.  vears ago in Egypt was saved H10,���������������������������?!0-" ,hS f0"11.^!!' Hc  bv government foresight, and it ^ ������������������* himself he will find he  ' & & .is slow  to adopt  mnqvations.  I He won't reb'neruish thc ancient  'landmarks.     Line-fence    litigation   has   ever  been   a   fruitful  source of income for law vers.  Thc farmer is a feudal baron,  in the direct line of succession  from earlv Anglo-Saxon times:  wilh vastly more benevolence,  but still essentially baronial. If  he has experienced help he is  fhe finest organizer in Canada.  He knows his Job and how it  should be done, but labor different from what hc has been accustomed to upsets, his calculations,, makes him peevish and  leads him to, do the work himself if he can, rather than experiment with.-what'jhe': calls inefficiency. ���������������������������. ���������������������������*������������������������������������������������������,���������������������������:..  Green Apple Time  The question'was, given to the  class "why does a cow need two  stomachs??' and little George's  answer savored of experience:  "So that when she has an ache  in one of them she can use the  other."  After two months at Bockford  Private Nelson; got'his leave at  last,, and made what he consioV  ered to be the, best useyof bis  time by getting married.   ; />-  On the journey bacH to tbe  station be gave tbe gateman bis  marriage certificate in. mistake  for his return railway ticket. t  Jhe ollicial.studied it carefully and tbensaid:V   c-,      V   :  ������������������������������������������������������Well, my boy, you've got a  ticket,, for a long wearisome  journey, bwt not on tbis road."  Mr.  Mefcfaatit  The next time you require  anything in. Commercial  printing-  Letterheads  Loose-tea f Ir  fStaricfeni "  IHIBW*      :  nvelppe*     ,  Jwslness Carq*  - Teil; us your needs an<J let us give you an estimate on \\i*  cost. We ciwgivevquick service ^n.d prince ^ob frmw^  tb������������������d* satisfies,.%\ live and let bye prices. ^^bone-or.wfit^<>:  Enderby  ,-t*-  s^Wnmi'  -/./'vV'l  " j^Svi I  I--  ,Js - ,vl  ���������������������������->-  a. i  ,UJ>  completes t'He equijmiehtvfor tufi^Fn^Tfr^ffe *Vp^WKestTofi^TtyiieadOwbrOOH9'  and ���������������������������Armstrong''  brands-.:of butter and *'i%rctic VelyeV' icecream  WATGH US GROW  Okahagari Commoner, Subscribe Now Two  a year THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918  ������������������feanagan Commoner  In  which   is  merut'il   the   Armslrong   Advertiser  " Enderby Press.  and  Published  everv-Thursday   at  Armstrong,  B.C.,  a  year,  by Walker  &  Cahy.  H. M. Walker. Editor &. Manager.  at   c2  Advertising .rates:  Transient,  40c  an  inch,first inscr  tion,  25c  each  subseciucnt   insertion.     Contiact  acl  vertisfng, -?1 an inch per month.  THURSDAY,  JULY 25,  1918  LOYALTY TO THE HOME COMMUNITY  THE ARMSTRONG SPIRIT  Here are twelve reasons why thc Commoner is  advocating week after week more loyalty to lhc  home community: i  Because loyalty to a community by its men and  women is the first essential to national patriotism.  Because the interests of lhe home dealer and  llie home consumei\are mutual���������������������������what hurts one  must hurt the othcr. ,\  Because tlie home businessman pays the lion's  share of assessment rales and all public welfare  donations���������������������������whereas thc foreign dealer con tributes  nothing and has no interest in your community;  other than the money he lakes out of it. |  Because prices of farm and town property go.:  It is  nn  ofl-rcpcatcd  axiom  that what Arm-Mown lo zero where there is. no healthy,-progres-.  ���������������������������stronrt nviUes up ils mind to do it docs thorough-Vive community trading.       ' -   ,,!  lv    Because"this is so, Armstrong has a prosper-;    Because lhc fundamental law ot commonwealtn  ous present  and a bright future. v It is situated in 'economy is lo spend your money where you have  what has  been  credited wilh  being  the  richesl'earned it. . ....   ..��������������������������� . ���������������������������!  ���������������������������UrifMiltur-d section of lhc Province. Armslrong is Because the home businessman is entitled to ;  tho counlv town of the Spallumcheen Municipal-! vour cash. Hc stands behind "the goods hc sells,!  itv -ind all roads lead to it "with a down grade." ; while you have no redress from being 'stung" by;  ItVV llie natural shipping point of a vast acreage outside dealers.       - |  ������������������V lhe most fertile I'ruil, field truck and dairying;     Because spending your money away from home  ).inJ{ " [is like sowing grain ina stranger's field so that  \rmslron������������������ is a  live, hustling comnuinitv; ils he may rcap'thc harvests":. ,. .  ^       j  ���������������������������u-owlli haslx'en steady and substantial, and its j     Because when you drain your community by  merchants  carrv  large'and assorted .stocks  and . diverting lhc legitimate channels ol trade you also  cater to the lar"e population wilhin thc munici- drain il of its young men and young women and.  palitv as well aslo customers from outside points,! of all energy and substance for development        '  having' earned the trade by selling at prices which,'  to a very  Because the more money circulating in a com-  Var'^e measure at least make, thc sending'numily thc more valuable property becomes, thc  to thc eastern departmental stores quite unnecessary and inexcusable.  Shipments of farm produce from Armstrong  this year will far exceed that of any other period.  They arc increasing by leaps and bounds, and lhc  businessmen of lhc town arc alive to the importance of taking care of the trade and thc requirements of Ihis'incrcascd business. They arc alive  and doing all the lime,  Wc arc getting very  tired of publishing food  regulations one week "and thc following week a  bulletin counter-ordering the one previously  made. If we don't like it. it is easy to imagine  bakers, confectioners and the long-suffering  housewives like it even less.���������������������������-Golden Star.  TELEPHONE IN MODERN BUSINESS  Of course, any man in business can get along  without a telephone in his store. Hc can also get  along without show cases, and show windows,  shelves, counters, etc. Hc can. no doubt, sell goods  from a pile on thc floor. But few men would  care "to.do so. A town can get along without  sidewalks and graded streets; it can get along  without tie posts or watering piaccs ancl a rest  higher arc wages and thc better the general con  di lions lhat prevail. "In unity there is strength,"  and united home buying builds up a community  bulwark that will weather0 thc severest storms  buhyark that will weather the severest economic  storms.  Because it is a duly you owe to yourself, your  family and posterity lo'build up your community  so that it has a wholesome-atmosphere and'is advancing with thc limes instead of drifting inlo  lhc habits of sloth, ruin and decay.  Because you must send cash in advance to the  big cily dealer and you havc no opportunity to inspect lhe goods. Apart from thc hundred and  onc good sound reasons for home buying, it never  pays lo buy a pig in a sack or a suit of clothes in  thc dark.  Because continued patronage of thc big cily  catalog concerns is a short-sighted, unprogrcssivc  and in the long run an economically suicidal practice.  THIRD PHASE OF THE WAR  Thc pooling policy of thc Allies has been thoroughly discussed since thc question was first  breached at inter-allied conferences last winter.     m  ���������������������������. . There is one feature of this intelligent scheme  room for lired shoppers. It can get along without j t]lat ]iaS5 however, escaped general attention. It  these things.    It can get along without a news- is uie decision reached by thc British and Amcr-  -paper;  it can get along without advertising;  it jcim  governments   to  combine  their  aeronautic!  can get along without a lot of othcr things.   But resources for a tremendous aerial drive next sum-  Stock Taking Prices  On a few of the many hundreds of lines reduced to clear  Our Maii Ordsr Department  Write us as of tenuis you wish.   We are prepared to help you in all your purchases.  We can help you to decide.   Samples and prices sent on request.  STOCKTAKING PRICES ON FOOTWEAR  Women's comfort boue-strap Pumps, medium heel,  leather sole,  Black  Kid;   all sizes.    Postage pre-.,  paid   ���������������������������'���������������������������; ���������������������������     ������������������������������������������������������'������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������       '���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������        ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ���������������������������.....   <$2.9S*Per Pair  Women's soft black kid strap slippers, low walking heel, leather sole, all sizes,   postage  prepaid-.-....... ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ ,        $2 29 Per pair  PATENT SLIPPERS  For Ladies, Misses and Children; very low prices on a splendid quality one-strap:  Ladies' sizes; price  . . <?3 19 pair Girl's,  8 to  10y>   ............ " 1.08  par  "Misses, 11 to 2, Price  . .. S."Q. ...  2.48 pair Child's,  4 to  7% ...;..;������������������1.48 pair  o' '���������������������������       o        ���������������������������        ��������������������������� PREPAID  BIG CORSET SPECIAL  A splendid new model, with medium and low bust;   lacc-trimmed   and   four hose  supporters;  Sizes, 19 to 27; STOCK-TAKING PRICE   $ 1.48  KIDDIES' UNION SUITS  A neat, cute little suit for the warm weallicr, complete,    no    extra    corset    waist    required;  sizes, 3 to 9 years; P<iee,   ,... Qqc Each  FROM OUR MEN'S SECTION  150 dozen Men's Brown and Tan Lisle Socks; 18   dozon   Blue   and   Brown   HcatKer mixture  SPECIAL; 2 pair for         55c Socks; SPECIAL, 2 pairs for  *  29c  Men's   Camstic   Handkerchiefs,   fnl|   size;   hemstitched border; SPECIAL, 3 p for     25c  FURNISHINGS REDUCED  Japanese Mat Rugs: 50 only; stenciled patterns;      a very neat mat for the bedroom; size 27 by 5-1-in  50c   value;   marked  to     , . ,   ..   3gc Each  CASEMENT COLTHS  In a rich shade of cream, for over drapes; JjO-in. wide; 65c value; marked to      39c yard  ���������������������������TENNIS SET                                         '  Complete set for a child, comprising 2 rackets,   2   balls;   1   met   and   supports;   value,   $2.50;  marked   to 7     $1.98  PLEASE NOTE: ALL DRY GOODS PARCELS ARE DELIVERED TO YOUR DOOR PREPAID'-  EXPRESS OR' MAIL  hrfiudsons  (NCOftPOftATCO 16*0  ompanu  HtttftCftt e.BURBIOGE S1MES COMMISSIONER  Mail  Order  "Department  H. VERNON, B. C. BRITISH .COLUMBIA INTERIOR STORE  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-21018.  soon think of "getting along  g" without a stock of-When that achievement is accomplished,. the ^yar ,"*������������������" ������������������������������������ ^^ii *������������������ thc Drov-  spapcr advertising or with Germany will have entered upon itsi thin} [^ W������������������ seKd bv   he mtn-  ,     Kncinoecmon   /������������������an   OP* ' ������������������1,~������������������.��������������������������� Pk.,..:���������������������������,*   tU_   nnn^A   4W.1V1    ihn   fnll    nf   1014    **"CC������������������   *9   P?   S������������������e|eClClJ   gy   Wie     11  goods as without local new  1he local telephone.   Fact is, businessmen can  along Avithout a  lot of things���������������������������but they  Th,cy prefer to pay a little extra and get the amim jamcu wurmauy wmitMw* *i^������������������ uitdwvc hh^,wm ������������������i,n  tr������������������in������������������nnrtiHnn  pxnpnsp������������������s o  benefit and increased business facilities. And you1 a half months ago, open fighting bas succeeded. [ ������������������ JJgljySd thOT^iS whil  wm notice tbat it is the businessman or the com-i battles begun in tbe dugouts.   Tbe armies will ^' iTtG^v  eadi auort to brink  munity paying tbe extra that leads in business fixm to the trencbes when the German assaults V    ow,iDiilowblanket andnal-  and in bunk roll. are exhausted.    Tb.e next development, in tbe-'jg^n Pm������������������*' W^e* ^ P4*  e pxbibi-  defray all  of  e  Garment men are predicting that ready-made  *tlits next fall will reach $100.   And no possibility.  of relief with suitless days.���������������������������New York Evening development  Sun.  THjs CF5NTRAWZJNG SPJWT  PftJspAflf'NG WW fO$ WINTER  Gordon and Mr. Geo. floss of  tbe V. M. C. A. tyr. floss will  live and sleep with tbe hpys,  who will he fcpused at Hastings  irk,  A program will pe prepared  In all parts of Canada tpere was a beavy toss' p^l  ,.     . .   r     of bees in the winter of W748. Most of tins loss |r^' ���������������������������,���������������������������,w  When thc spirit of centralization goes out of a'was preventable. Tbe increased value of honey f ^ ?������������������*������������������**������������������ onsi stin/or talks  community and is superseded by one of drifting uvfrJ ���������������������������s to make a special effort to prevent it tbis *������������������r -Sd&ffi aSdP exhiBUs lee!  tbe^ is only one chance in a thousand for any dc; coniing wintcP. * ,������������������" JW^SLig1^SlfcJS  gree of development, it must come through some;    Qne Qf the principalcauses of the Joss was W-'JJSf^ to lST indffles and  -busincss-shock^scvere^cn6ugh=to^bring^men^faceVsunicient^protdction^of-������������������ic-becs-wintered^out-^^^  to face with thc need of getting together and co- sWc.    Jn no part of Canada should colonies be P*1!C2^*^mov^ic mcture cdu-  opcra lively setting to work to work out their own [wintered outside without an outer case covering ���������������������������tiSf lihns   etc   P  salvation.    Dry rot is the most deadly.    It eats the hive_and eyer>nvhere, except; perhaps, on Van-j    Jn addition'to Uie forty odd  outside points there  guests from Van-  be an operation and sometimes a very severe onc.! more on top.   It is advisable to have the case big i^Th-s   bov   Sliest * exneriment  False beliefs  must hc cut away;  carbuncles of enough to take 2 to 4 hives cn bloc, and the en-!w +   t Heel outlast vear^pnd it  sloth cauterized; and_cataracts over lhc eyes of trances in it should be reduced to % of an inch prOVcd a big^success, bcini help  " ""     "*     * "'"'     '&to the  ���������������������������cctoi*s  a per-  ll will bc noticed lhal while explaining that greens. In very cold districts or during an extra  the defeat was due to lhc rain, Austria none the hard or long winter, the bees will winter better  less fires the generals who let il rain,���������������������������Springfield in a well-insulated cellar than outside.    Another  Republican.  PRODUCE OUT, DOLLARS IN  When a district can send out thc tons and tons  of farm produce thc truck farmers of Armstrong are now doing, it means that thousands s"onVe.  of dollars will come hack. Every truck-load of  produce going out means morc money coming in,  and mi ore progress for lhc district. Sonieebody  benefits particularly, everybody benefits generally.  Let us remember that this is our district; that no  matter who benefits particularly, we are benefited of'rnice  important cause of loss was unwholesome or insufficient stores. Horiey-dcw,-fruit-juice, molasses  and syrup made from low grade sugar,'-will'kill  the bees before spring. The most reliable stores  for winter are well ripened clover honey, buckwheat honey and syrup made from refined sugar.  Some honeys gathered in th fall are unwboje-  Be sure that the stores are well ripened  When out for a motor-drive,  dinner at the King, Edward-  fnderby.   ~  Card of Thanks      -    *ri  Oh behalf of brothers and sisters, I take cthis means to thanks  all friends: for. their sympathy,  and help in durT deep sorrow,"  and to say that we deeply appreciate 'all this sympathy and-,  help has meant to us.  Gus Schubert  Po not spend so much time-  criticising Hie good work of  vour neighbor. Get husy, an<}:  let someone find fault with ypw>  free 5jorriB. Proprietor  SATWPAY,       JULY    .27-  Mystery   Ship"     13th   Episode:  -MTbe Underground flouse,"  4 reels of Comedy.  "The  >de:  and  COMING  TUPSPAY,   AUGUST  20���������������������������"A  Tale  of Tw<>  Cities"  in  9  reels.    As  great as "A Birth of a Nation."  F4P3JI YHf$#-knives aiid  forltf flnnVitig cups etc.,,for picnic  requirement's.  ���������������������������fJWJfJUTHI-of your fcome  town.  W^^^HAIf'll-fowntaln pen  for:tlie pocket.  KOP^W���������������������������awl Pastman* Films  P. T. APPOTT  Pmptt *?i^ St#t������������������ontry  Armitronf, fl. C.  "Get the Morris Habit'  P. S. Pou't torget tl>at we take  snb6cfiptions for all dally papers  and magazines.  ���������������������������o<  ���������������������������o<  >o<  o  MX  ���������������������������O'  ������������������psj:  War Veteran Resolutions  The Vernon 3ranch of the  Great War Veterans' Associa-!  tion has prepared a series of (  resolutions to be presented at,  the Toronto convention. These}  include   recommendations   that.  mm WANTPP  for  COMBINATION  PUBLIC AUCTION  of  all dependents of overseas sol  and capped oyer before cold weather, and that diers   be   furnished   with   free  each colony has about 30 pounds. Tlie remaining       ���������������������������-*���������������������������-���������������������������--*���������������������������    *      ������������������        *���������������������������    iU~4    il-  causes of loss were weak colonics, cpieenlessness,  too high a proportion of old bees to young due to  old or droning-bee queens, and the depredations  MVE STOCK  to be held at  too. Therefore it is up to each and all of us to  bo.ost���������������������������boost for the shipper and thc community  ���������������������������boost for tlie product and thc shipment. The  prosperity of one helps the prosperity of all. And  every word of praise spoken by way of encouragement to others helps the district to come into its  own.  A peace by understanding would be all right,  Weak colonies should be united and the hives  packed in thc wintering cases about thc middle  of September, and any feeding that is found to be  necessary should be completed by the end of September except in Southern Ontario where a week  longer is allowable. Owing to the shortage of  sugar, some capped combs of the purest honey  should be kept for wintering  resolution   declared   that  Bc sure this has  becn gathered by bees free from foul brood. The  if Germany could .only be made to understand.��������������������������� combs should be left in the care of the bees until hope of successful soldier set-1 ft.  St. Louis Globe-Democrat. required.  5  medical treatment; that the'  pensions schedule be adjusted'  on a basis placing officers and  privates on the same footing;  that vocational training bc extended to widows of soldiers;  that a clothing allowance of $35  be granted to discharged soldiers, and that the price of tobacco in the canteens be kept  down to the old schedule.  Dealing with the question of.^  land settlement for soldiers, a! ft  "the|j|  I  i  SKYRME BROS. RANCH   j  Grinrod, also for sale at Enderby latter  part  of  Aug.    Entries to  close 10th  Aug. write for entry  forms to the undersigned.  5  'i  Mat Hassan Auctioneer!  ' ARMSTRONG B. C.  y; ^THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  Armstrong District  News in Tabloids  McCallum spent Sun-  her parents in Arm-  . Wagget  at  is staying a  the    Osborne  II Born���������������������������On Friday, July 19th,  [���������������������������to Mr. and Mrs. B. N. Jcffcnes,  III son.  Miss A.  I'clay with  ^strong.  Charlie  kfew    weeks  [(Ranch.  Miss H. Binkley is spending  |her holidays with friends in  I Vernon.  Mrs. C. Christian, of Vernon,  is  visiting  in   Armstrong  wilh  (iMrs.  J.  Christian  and Mrs. D.  "Graham'.  Died���������������������������On Friday, July 19th,  f the infant daughter of Mr. and  "Coming events cast their  shadows before". At the Recreation Grounds, Thursday, July  25th, 7.00 p.m.  of  Armstrong  burners  are   cautioned   to  orders   for   their  give  winter  coal  their  sup-  News Boiled Down  of Enderby District  Utilizing Waste  is  Born���������������������������At Hupel j July 17th, to  Mr. and Mrs. John Dale, a son.  The child lived but a few hours.  Miss O. McPherson is spending a few days in Enderby from  Armstrong, visiting her mother.  Mr. and Mrs. Clarence Fravel  returned from Mabel Lake  Wednesday where they spent a  week.  Have you paid your water  rate yet? Don't forget that if  rate is not paid by July 31st,  water will in all cases bc cut off  without notice.  Miss Hughes, daughter of the  former principal of thc Fortune  School, is visiting at thc the  home   of   Mr.   Bawtry,   Mabel  iMrs.   Wm.   II.   Mills  .months, 27 days.       V   '  Several tons of cabbages were  added to the extra heavy small  .,fruit and celery shipments from  Armstrong this week.  Mr. A. M. McPhail and family  returned from the Cariboo this  .week and report having had an  f excellent outing and auto trip.  Mrs.   G.   Gem mill   and  little  [daughter, who have been visiting Miss O.McPhcrson,rcturncd  on Monday to Canford Mill,B.C.  Mr. Gordon French who has  been spending two weeks' holi-  returned to Pcn-  a������������������ed   5 ply at an early dale.   The price Lake Valley, from Nanaimo.^  is advancing and transportation  facilities becoming more and  morc dillicult. To delay ordering until fall may mean a local  coal famine when thc snow  conies.  Thc members of thc Comfort  Club wish to express, their ap  Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Skaling  arc preparing to leave by auto  for San Francisco, Cal., early in  August. They will camp along  the way and enjoy thc summer's outing.  Mr. and Mrs. Hendrickson,  Mrs.   Martin   and   sister.   Miss  prcciation   to  the management {Horn of Kamloops, Mrs. Wheel- ,  and  all   those  who   gave   their er, Roy Wheeler, Mr. and Mrs. '���������������������������  services on connection with the A. Fulton and children, Dr. and  "Yokohama Maid."    The hand- Mrs.   Keith   and   children   arc  some   sum., of   $123   was   the [camping   at   Mabel   Lake   this  amount received by the club, to week. - "������������������     ��������������������������� I  help carry on the -work of send-| Mr. and Mrs. A. A. Faulkner  iiig comforts to our men at the and daughters,, Mr. and Mrs.  front.   The next meeting of the i Ja^. McMahon f nd G.  Ernest left;  on  day in town,     ���������������������������  ticton and the south country on'club will bc held on Mrs. Brit-j this week by auto lor Cariboo,  Wednesday. I ton's lawn, Wednesday evening,; to bc absent a week or ten days.  Thc W. M. S. of thc Methodist July 31st. I Miss A. Faulkner will not re-  Church will hold a lawn social'    Rev.   J.   H.   White, D.D., of,turn with them, but will pro-  Geo.; Gam-  Fuller par-  Vancouver, B. C, who is super-1  intendent   of missions for the mer  Methodist Church in this Pro-  . vince,  came  to Armstrong  on  t ������������������.������������������������������������������������������������������������ 4������������������ ois��������������������������� onj  fill 'wiiifo Monday to attend thc financial  eSSg'a fSccTt'his'homc^ district'������������������,cctinH of the Mctho-  few days ago, and sustained a  dislocated shoulder.  at thc home of Mrs  blc, on Aug. 13th.  ticulars later.  *���������������������������   Mr . P. J. Freeze had thc mis  dist   Church  in  thc  Okanagan  District.   Dr. White stayed with  ,        ,   . Rev. Mr.Miller, leaving on Tues-  ' Wc arc very pleased to re- d for a simiiar mceting of the  port that Miss A. Gnthths, who West Kootenay district in  has bcen very ill, is now sutli- J kelson >  cicntly recovered to have re-, Mr *Tllos c Yeoward, for-  turncd to her home. imerly   postmaster   at   Areola,  Harry Harding lost a valuable Sask., and family, have taken  horse on his farm a few days Up residence in Armstrong and  a!go< The animal was fecund Mr. Yeoward will join Mr. Sage  badly snagged in tlie chest, and jn tnc general buying and corn-  died from loss of blood, {mission business/  It is the in-  Mr. W. W. Rogers was in tention of the firm to go more  Kelowna last week" accompanied extensively   into   the  by a representative of, the .Singer 'buying   and   selling,  Fruit Company. They purchased handling   of  poultry   products,  several carloads of tomatoes,     j Mr. Sage has already established  A large number of Armstrong a   very   lucrative   business   in  cced to Vancouver for the sum  months.  These camping days arc hard  on thc boys left at Iiome. A  little chap tells us how it feels.  "Aint no fun 'tall," says he.  "Kids w'at plays 'kick-thc-can'  gone away, an' the kid w'at  useter play that's home can't  play 'cause he's. got a broken  leg." Aint no fun 'tall."  Mr. J. L. cRiittan was home  from   Vanderhoof   this   week,  preparing Gfor tlie home-coming  of Mrs.   Ruttan   and  daughter,  I who will reside in Enderby this  winter,   and perhaps   permanently.    Mr. Ruttan reports his  luriiber     business    flourishing.  The output of his mill is almost  produce! exclusively   spruce,   of a very  and   the fine quality, and he lias a ready  market" for all he can produce.  Enderby can grow the finest  of black currants, r������������������d  quality  driVare"picking berrtes'in TbI poultry products, and feels con-! currants,   gooseberries,   straw  focal commeSkfl patches    One Vinced that there,is an opening berries   raspberries, J.oganber  local  shipper has sold several hundred dollars' worth of black currants alone.  for the larger business.  "Keep the date of. Tuesday, the  20th of August, open Oto see the  omWed.    She advanced. fr������������������m i $������������������������������������?_* Manafler Morris  will  omitted-   She advanced from  fjnrd to sec  jwntor grade. *inift>P!������������������w fiw ahove date, with VJng  H I* reported tliat tbe Singer matinee at  2.30  and  evening  f rnit   cSmmny.   ^   hjg l SS?at &   WatchVpr fo?  ^^^J^J^^1? fwr^er������������������nnowncements.,Agwar-  w the Northwest, wdl erect * q^eed attraction. Pon't forget  warehouse ,,, Armstrong, Yef- the date, Friday, August 20th.  non and other VaWey, powts ^iS^Vd Wt-  pext season* -  ���������������������������^he regular monthly meeting  of the Womehs' Missionary So-  Arro������������������tr<my flf 4 Cram  Wednesday next,.  ciety w������������������u he beid Fnday ������������������fjej-.fl,e regular  monthly business  8*8,J,'*S mS2S3J,3'aii W"8- fltftton's lawn, Okanagan  ^oU call word.:   J^cbing.   All Mreef neail Mr. Creed's resi-  ^are-cordially^wvited-to^attend.^enCer���������������������������pft-ero^^ilags-wiU  Miss Mary Pulmer, principal direct yon to the place.  of Natal School, has been visit-1    Mrs. J2. Winters and Mrs. J.  ing for a few days witb her aunt Pingley will act as hostesses.  and uncle,  Mrs. Thos.  White- Everyone   must   not   only   do  house and Mr. R. Crozier. She their bit but do their best to try  left last week for North Van- to be present,    "flemembcr the  couver, where she will stay with day, July 31st, and the place,  her mother- Mrs. Jiritton's lawn.  ���������������������������o<  ���������������������������o<  ���������������������������o<  >o<  >o<  *���������������������������()<  II Plean tip In Straw Hats  y  *������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  $3.95  $2.50  $3.25  ..  75c  $1.50  Regular 5.50 for .....................  ^.tj\j .....................  latest Style 4.00 for .... .**.......... .'*.  Ctifp JJitt*  "Regular 1.00 for ............ .*........  "���������������������������". 2.15 for .....................  Boaters .'..   $1.50,1.25. 1.00 and 50c  A  large assortment of Men's fancy vests, tit 50%   reduction.  Cotton underwear, to clean   up, broken line @ Hoc and 50c  per garment.  A. D. RENAULT & Co.  nes that can be found on the  market, yet Were is hot enough  of these small fruits grown'to  supply the local demand* Pos-  ens of our girls are herry picking in other sections of tne Valley, no, better adapted to berry  growing tlian Pnderhy- Why is  this?    ! ' '  Mrs. f. S. Stevens left Ender-  hy for Vanconver on Wednesday, wftere she^ will remain wild her son* M\]U leaves for tlie  east to go into training for overseas, early in Awgwst. Mr.  Stevens is managing one of we  large Bwckley mills, at Skeena  C\\y. A large wcle of fnends  gathered, at the station to say  goocl-hye. Tbe feeling of tl^e  community was welt expressed  by one of the ladies, who said I  4**^nderhy will not he fcwierhy  mthouUMr^and^Mrs.3.teyyens.l  \.qss in European ^ivwtoek  Damning German efficiency'  not going to win this war.1  We must beat it. The Canadian j  Food Bulletin tells us that be-J  ���������������������������fore the war Germany was dry-!  ing over 800,000,000 bushels of j  potatoes, of which large quanti-,  ties were ground into flour fori  human consumption. Prior to :  the Avar Germany had about 460  drying plants for fruit and veg-j  ctables, while on June 30, 1917,!  she was reported to have 2,570  dehydration plants. i  The same ���������������������������"authority, tells  us  that one ton.of garbage contains':;  sufficient glycerine .for   the  ex-y  plosive charge  of fourteen  75V  millimeter shells; sufficient "fat;  acid"   for   the  manufacture ' of j  100 12-oz cakes of soap;  suffi-j  cicnt fertilizer elements to grow,  8 bushels of wheat, and a score  of other materials valuable  in!  munition  making.    If  used  as  hog   feed,  it  will  produce   onc  hundred pounds of good, firm,  first-quality pork.  In Germany every pound of  garbage and out-house effluvia  in every small town and city  has been systematically gathered  in and from it oils and spirits  have been made. Why should  not we in Canada systematically  adopt a similar policy? Why  not havc a "plant" erected in  even' small town to lake care  of these wastes and transmute  them into something valuable?  In twentj-nine cities in United  States, with an aggregate population of 18,000,000 people, garbage utilization plants are in operation and products to thc  value of $11,000,000 annually  are being produced from garbage. A large percentage of  this saving is used directly by  the government in munition  manufacturing.  Plants are under way in several cities for the manufacture  of alcohol on a large scale from  garbage, and from experience it  has becn shown that the grade  of alcohol .produced equals a  high rgrade grain product.  In 300 cities of over 10,000  population, all garbage is being  used for feeding hogs. From  these cities, 50,000,000 pounds  1 of, garbage-fed pork rwith a  value of $8,000,000 is marketed  every, year. .     ���������������������������  Of/'all the methods of .waste,  the. garbage ofy cities arid towns  is, perhaps  the . biggest factor.  Hundreds of thousands of tons  , of food that would produce pork  'are destroyed annually in  tlie  [cities   arid   towns   of   Canada,  ("from investigations that have  been made, it is evident that.the  feeding of garbage, is %n eminently, practical tmetbod of in^  ereasirig   pork   production,   in  Canada.     , v.  X K)<  ���������������������������O  The Allies' pvestock bas been  decreased by 45,787,000 bead  since the beginning of tbe war,  while Germany's has been reduced, by about 18,000,000���������������������������  only slightly more than a-third  as many. These figures include  cattle, sheep and hogs, in neutral nations, the total net reduction of these animals amounts  to 1,412,000. The loss in European livestock thus exceeds 65,-  000,000 bead, without taking into consideration Austria, Turkey and Russia which would, no  doubt, bring the total to over  100,000,000 bead.  Rating cattle as equivalent to  500 lbs of dressed meat apiece;  sheep equivalent to 40 pounds  apiece; and hogs equivalent to  150 pounds apiece; we find the  following losses in total meat  assets:  Nation Per cent of loss,  on meat basis.  Allies as a group   ..........-. .27.7  England    . ... .  12.5  Belgium   ....................82.0  France     ...*.* 21.4  Ttaly    . .  .. ..17.8  Germany  .36.3  European Neutrals   0.9  Considering the poor condition of animals still alive arid  the reduction in their live weight  the' possible meat resources of  jj | Europe.'. are still further re-  ������������������> : duced.  Service will Jie'bdd;^  James' Churcp next Swnday at  U a.m. , ,:  ; This summer* as in previous  years, during the holiday perjpd  the congregations of the Metbo-  dist and rreshyterian churches  will worship together- - pev.  Mr. Stott of tiie Presbyterian  Church, wilt take a month s  holiday, commencing \hte week.  Bev. Mr. M*Her ������������������f H*e Methodist  ehurcbr^wiil^conduct^tbe^ser-  vices for both churches in his  apsence*. Tbe service next Sunday, July 28tb, will be JieJd in  the Methodist Church in the  morning at U o'clock, and  . the evening service will be held  in thc Presbyterian Church at  7.30 o'clock.  District Clearance Market  Further Reductions  In summer goods.   These goods must be  sold and  are being'  sold at  sacrificed prices  Coloured hose in  pink, pale blue   and mauves, worth  today 50 and   65c  a   pair,    cleaning   at   2 pairs  for 55c  and   2   pairs   for  8Sc  Wash Goods  Colored Muslins' in* pink, sky  green, champayne and rose,  , B(5 ius. wide, now .... 40c  Searsucker crepe, in sk}r,  white  and   pink  now  a   yd.  Searsucker crepe in fancy  designs, now a yd. 22 l-2c  38  in.   striped   voiles clear-  ing  at.  a   yd 25c  Coin  spot    muslin,   a snap,  a-yd. for   15c  White and green striped  suiting, 36  ins.   wide,   now  a yd. fo; ....  4(J in. middie  now a yd. for .���������������������������  38 in. Middie  now a yd, for .  ..V..*:. 35c  cloth,   white,  ;;35c  cloth,   white,  .. 32 l-2c  'SS in.  Indian head, clearing  at, a yd. for       32 l-2c  '64 in.   White   pique,   clearing at, a yd. for 35c  38  in.   White   pique,   clear  ing at a yd.foi  Cream     Lustre,  value    clearing  for      40c  beautiful  at. tt yd.  ...,.��������������������������� 75c  72 in. Wide  union linen table damask, beautifnl designs,  worth to-day $1.50 a yd, to clear at  75c a yd.  BOOTS AND SHOES  Ladies' boots in kid, boxcalf,  and patent toes, sizes 2>h, 8  and 3������������������ now 82.25 a pair.  Ladies - black and tan Oxfords, and ..pumps, sizes up  to 3������������������ for $1.95  Women's tango, now selling  for $1.50  Women's   white, maxie now  ������������������1.75  Women's    yachting.Oxford s  now  Si.35  Misses' white canvas  boots,  high  cut leather   soles  now  $1.95 and  2.25  MILLINERY  Our entire  stock   of Ladies' Summer  Bats to cleat* at 75c. each  Values uu to $3.00  ,  .  .,.-,...���������������������������.��������������������������� - -.     tm t  Laidies* tan silk lisle hose, also tan silk boot,. worth today 75c a. l>a:r, to clear 45c a pair. -  A good stock of Remnants on hand  & Co:; Anmstrptitf  *���������������������������������������������!  r -   -r-_ - *y '  THEQIWIM  T*}9  W'.' ta  let the   neighbors  of  Armitraxiz ������������������������������������n4 vicinity.; If now t|j*tc:  imy time their lease or ������������������ye,glasses ������������������at broken or ylost, new o^esy  will   l������������������3J������������������������������������;ppUe4 um] fitte4  the  . s^tp.T & tbs ol4 cipe? M ^. fe^oq -,  ,:>ble.price,':\ h^ve"fj������������������a pr39or\pt'\oh.  ^of ������������������U tbeeyegla^BB fitte4 for .two  ye*r������������������ b'ick by Timberlake & Slop,  "1?be Q^Uty^ew^lers"  v,.'-r  SwcctMor \9  ..n  |    Attention is called to the ad-  . vertiscment in this issue of The  j Ccrnmoner  asjdng foil entries  to the combination sale of live  stock to be conducted bv Mat  Hassen at Grindrod and Enderby  the  latter  part of August.  The'Grindrod sale will serve thc  Deep Creelc, Mara and Grindrod  districts, and the Enderby sale  will serve the Enderbv and Mabel Lake districts.    Wc understand Mat Hasscn  will hold a  similar sale at Vernon later on.  Also his second animal sale at  Armstrong   later    to    be    announced.    These sales are intended to bring buyer and seller  together, ancl'wiU enable the farmer with one or two animals to  ( dispose of to have the advantage  | of a quick sale with many buyers bidding, with a view to es-  ! tablishing a market for surplus  live stock.  Mr. F. D. Abbott will move  his family from Mabel Lake to  Enderby this week.  Eleven fancies Sold  LISTINGS WANTfP  WE HAVE SOLD ELEVEN RANCHES IN THE NORTH  OKANAGAN DISTRICT SINCE SPRING, RUNNING  IN VALUE FROM 81,000.00 TO 820,000.00, AND FROM  TEN ACRES TO 2000 ACRES. OTHER RUYERS ARE  EXPECTED DURING THE SUMMER, AND WE SHALL  BE GLAD TO HAVE THE LISTINGS OF PROPERTIES  FOR SALE IN ARMSTRONG AND ENDERBY DISTRICTS.    FORMS   WILL   BE   SENT   ON   REQUEST-  6. A. Hanhey k Company limited  Financial Agents  VERNON :      :      :      :      :        B. C.  Subscribe for the "Commoner" now $2 ayi OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918.  o  Better Conditions for the Farmer'  Should Come to tiie Northwest  at thc present time how-  Marv  P.  Mc-lever,, there is an inclination on  Tn a recent issue of the Regina fularly  Dailv Posl, Miss Mary P. Mc-!  CalluiTh, daughter ol" Mr. and; the part oi" those interests which  editorial * representative of the i arc not altogether in sympathy  Mrs. McCalluni of Armstrong, | wilh fanning interests to exploit  editorial representative of the | the farmer-who has done -well.  Grain Growers' Guide, was in-!Consequently most people in the  terviewed' on thc conditions of last few years have had only an  the farmers as she found them [opportunity lo see and hear of  in her travels-about the North-; the farmer who, has become  west. Miss McCalluni branded J wonderfully prosperous. The in-  in lhe language of her sex, the* tercsts, who arc not farming, in-  subterfugc'which many people-tercsts,-arc using lhc well-to-do  cherish  that thc farmers of the farmer   as    capital   to   further  The   average  land for the w  including   land  unimproved,  dwelling  and olher  value   of   farm j  iiolc of Canada,'  improved   and:  togelher      with  muses,  barns,  stables,  farm buildings, is ap-i  proximately   ������������������-11   per  compared wilh sil in  acre,  1916.  as  A California goat rancher is  canning the milk produced by  his herd oT Swiss and Nubian  goats and placing il on the mar-  ��������������������������� kct. It is rich and in much demand as a nourishing food for  invalids. A well hred0milch goat  will produce twelve times il,s  Avcight in milk every year. A  cow  will   produce   three   times  dier weight in milk if she is a  good milker.   west" arc rolling in wealth.  Discussing     farming     condi-  ; lions  as  she  found  them.  Miss  "McCalluni said: lA would like to  emphasize   the  effects  of   farm  ;condilions on  the women They  'are worn  and old  before  i lime.    In many cases 1 saw wo-  inicn  struggling againsl pioneer  'conditions, poor crops, drought,  etc., who were ullerly discouraged.  "One woman told mc shc was  only forty four and shc looked  all of sixlv.   Thev came to lhis  lhcir,'struggling  lhcir own 'individual'interests.  The spot-light pi" publicity has  been turned on thc well-to-do  farmer and hc is receiving so  much attention lhat thc vast  majority of farmers who arc  ftei"������������������ along for a bare existence arc quite forgotten.  From what I havc seen, of rural  life during the last year I believe lhat the poor, farmer is in  the vast majority.  "I havc talked lo people who  say: 'Oh! The farmers arc all  making money hand  over fist.  counlry with very lillle money (Thev go cast in the winter, or lo  and were consequently unable: California, v.nd they have bcauli-  to lake up lhc high-priced land, Jul homes.' Morc of��������������������������� our farm  held   by   speculators,   near   lhc!pcop|c   arc   travelling   or   havc  I PAY  CASH for POULTRY  ancl EGGS  Shipments solicited whether  large or small. Remittance  made on day of receipt of goods  at prevailing market prices.  then  lhcir  1  It Goes to The Home  Our paper fioet to the home  iittt le read and welcomed there.  H you wish to reach the house-  wife, the real arbiter ot domestic  deetlnlee, you can do eo through  our paper and our Claoflfled  Went M*r form en imtrettJng  Vti wtll-rttd portion of It   .  railways    and    markets.    They  homcslcadcd in Northern Manitoba in a heavily wooded districl.   Thc first three ycars their  land was under water.    When  government   ditches   were  through    and    the    land  drained   thej'   were   only  able  lo clo anything within nd. '���������������������������  "There was a typical case.  When onc gets from 10 to 12  miles from a railroad pioneer  conditions largely prevail. If thc  land worlh farming, within ten  miles of thc railroads were open![[ really is.  to settlement on easy terms, "The time  there would be little excuse for  the deplorable hardship and  dire poverty which many of  those experience on thc Canadian frontiers; the only place  where cheap land is available.  "One locality I visited was  forty miles from a doctor,  or a nurse, and in some cases  without the kindly help of a  neighbor.    There were no tele-  beautiful homes, but excepting  thc older parts of the province  Avhere land values havc risen,  unbelievingly, these people can  scarcely bc said lo bc typical.  P11* j True, lhere arc morc farm pco-  Avaspic travelling in our Pullmans  and in our hotels. But when onc  realizes that there arc hundreds  of thousands of farm people in  thc west, thc number of those  who travel is, after all, very  small. Thc railroads do nol go  everywhere, and onc must leave  thc railroads lo sec farming as  "The more I travel over lhe  west arid see for myself conditions as they really are the more j  I am convinced that the prob-|  lems of the farmers arc also the j  problems of the farmers' wives.!  That    organization    which    is  struggling for better conditions,  the Grain Growers Association,  deserves also the support of the  women." When you tell me that  your membership has increased  by 10,000 since the convention,  I wonder* how many of that 10,-  000 are women, who are finding  that their place is in The Grain  Growers' ��������������������������� Association.  . "There is this happiness in belonging  to   thc  Grain   Growers'I  Association,    that    while    it   id I  working    for   belter   economic!  conditions  for the producer, itp  must, at the same,,lime, mean a  bettering   of   economic   conditions for thc consumer also.  "I., only wish more publicity  might bc given to farming conch'lions as they really are. People who do nol know Ihem as  tlicy arc, labor under lhe impression that farmers arj rapidly becoming wealthy. Even  hose who exploit ih \ wealthy  (���������������������������Tiiicrs so much la^k conviction when ihcy do so. Els-', why  do those who say the farmers  make returns of 200 and 300 per  cent not hasten to share that Eldorado?"  Fill up your pipe with T & B���������������������������rich,  mellowed, sun-ripened Virginia.  This genuine   S  has a flavor ani  outhern-grown   leaf  d aroma all its own.  Full bodied,   yet  Nature's best.  soothing,   Mother  has not come yet  when farm people can cease to  work for better economic conditions. Most farm women work  under conditions which arc  taking their lives by inches. It  is not because farm people do  not want their homes convenient, it is because they cannot  afford it. Thc tariff reacts upon  our farm women more scrious-  , - , .. . i ly than the men.   When onc re  phones, and thc roads, although aiizcs that about onc third the  graded, were very poor.    They  stated "that even had they been  willing  to  have a  doctor  they  8*1! YPMr m  Iron  cost of' an engine generator for  electricity,  equipment  and  ap-  , phances,  goes into  a  so-called  On-tariff tax, it is safe to conclude  very;that a large percentage of our  farm people would install such  labor-saving devices if that tax  were removed.   Tbe large hojd-  could not have afforded it.  the   whole   they   were   a  healthy lot; but, as  they said:  "They had to be."  Only a very small proportion  of our farm people have com- ing of land, by speculators,and  tortable homes. The individual our national financial policy re-  tanner, who has made a sue- act directly upon our form wo-  cess of Jus farmmg business, is men, and make life more dim-  in the small majority.   ���������������������������������������������*:~  -~u "��������������������������� *������������������---- -  Y. M. C. A. Statement  Partic- cult for them  ,m  fnyrowt oii Pf livery  I. v. sauppr gq:  Will pay you f700 per ton for old  iron and steel, etc. old implements  .free ���������������������������from wood, deliverd to John  Bedford, Enderby. Hope tiros..  Armstrong, or at bis own  yard   in  "on.  E. O. WOOP, |3. C. L. S.  Armstrong and Salmon Arm  Subdivisions, Mineral  Claims, Timber Limits. Pre-emptions, Drainage,  Irrigation and  ancl plans  Phone G2  Road Surveys, Maps  Salmon Arm; IJJ.C  II. SI'tEHS  w. m.  SECRET  SOCIETIES  A.F.&A.M.  Knderby LckIku No. -10  IluKulur mi'utinKS lirnt  Thursday on or after the  full moon nt 8 p. m. in Masonic Hull. VisitiiiK  brethren cordially  invited  C. II. REEVES   Secretary   ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35, K.of P.  -Meets' every Monday evening  in Masonic Hall.   Visitors cordially invited to attend.  CHAS.HAWINS.C.C.  II. M. WALKER, K. R. S  R. J. COLTART. M.F.  PROFESSIONAL  A,   C. SKALING, B. A. '  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  INSURANCE  Bell Blk. Enderby, B.C.  ���������������������������J*  perlscQplc Pips |>y ff^nK WMw  *  "fr************ '������������������$���������������������������������������������������������������**������������������4"f������������������4������������������**4<f������������������*  AftNTS  iHM'AcUK_*M\l:T.  all  countries.   A.sk   for our  INVENTOR'S ADVISER.which will be sent fre������������������  MARION & MARION.  >*������������������4 Unlversltw St., Montr*a?/  flow fast, think you, dear  reader, is mankind, developing  the Christ-)'-ke. spirit* when the  vast majority of our religious  teachers preach as Pcv. G. W.  Mingle, spoke the other day in  Toronto, ftev. Mingle is Secrc-  _tary. of .the Lp_rd!s Payy_AUianee.  He said, speaking with reference lo an action recently taken  in Ontremont to prevent working in one's garden on Sunday:  "So far as I can see there is nothing to prevent a man working  in his own garden on Sundays,  so long as hc is not engaged in  gardening a.s a business."  Here is a fine distinction. Gardening "as a business," and gardening which is not "as a business." This is Uic distinction thc  clergy ever has drawn. They  did so when Christ tried lo show  thorn lhat the simple life of love  and service was thc only life  leading to denial  clergy of Christ's  crucified, because  conform to their  ccption of life.  '.'Amusements,"  dignitary of thc  recreations of all kinds, such as  games, reading, music, needlework, pleasure trips are sanctioned, but the line is drawn  when these pursuits conic under  the domain of work. We allow  a farmer to bring in his crops if  they are likely to be injured by  an impending storm, as this is  "work of necessity," but otherwise all manual labor should be  carried on during tlie week. Our  first duty on Sunday is to meditate and pray and later in the  day to indulge in.recreation."  These church dignitaries, who  never learned how to work, because all manual labor is to  them   quite  vulgar,   don't   you  joy.    And thc  day had him  he  could  not  narrow  con-  said   a  church,  high  'and  know, place a "ban on the worker who works contrary to their  narrow views. Tfoese softhawjed  church dignitoires have a fln.  way of distinguishing between  business qpc| pleasure and pleasure and religion. They would  havens J)eUcy_c_thatJ!bugine8a?!  is a vulgar thing���������������������������a wicked  thing; lhat recreation is pot  quite as vulgar nor so wicked;  yet, according to their teaching,  neither business nor recreation  have anything to do with one's  "religious" life.  The world will sure go to he'll  if the minds of men follow the  dictum of lhc priest much  longer. For. if they brand "business" vulgar and wicked, and all  men indulge in the vulgar -and  wicked six days a. week, ancl  then set apart an hour on thc  seventh to "meditate and pray,"  and thc balance of the seventh  day devote to recreation and  amusement, it isn't much wonder that the world is damned.  It seems never to have  dawned upon these high dignitaries of the church that if meditation is a Sabbath duty why  not air.every-day duty, and that  there is nothing to prevent a  man meditating and hoeing at  the same time. A man who  never has done any hoeing, or  perhaps any olher useful work,  even though he be a high dignitary of tlie church, cannot know  kno^y how much "meditating"  one*can do on the handle of a  hoe. Perhaps all lhis meditating  is not as good for the soul as the  priest-prescribed kind, but we  believe it produces more and  better results in the way of the  milk of human kindness'and  fellowship. And that's what  Christ came to this world to  bring.  Thc -- consolidated financial  statement just issued by thc National Council of thc Y.M.C.A.  of Canada, and covering the operations o filial body in Canada,  England and France, will god'ar  to clear up various moot points  which havc becn discussed privately and in the public prints  for some time past. Charges  havc becn made that the "Y."  was benefitting financially in respect to the sale of goods to soldiers to an extent that should  havc made il self-sustaining and  not dependent on the public  through- private donations or  subscription by municipalities  or othcr public bodies. The  financial statement effectively  disposes of this charge.  The  gross  canteen���������������������������-. sales  for  the-ycar 1917 amounted to $2,-  981,000,  while Jlie cost  of the  goods sold was $2,368,000.    To  tliis cost, however, must Be added   transportation   and   transport equipment, loss from damaged goods, fire, shell'fire, submarine   losses,   administration,  etc. An expenditure of $242,000  was  made  for huts  and  hut  equipment,   tents,   etc.,   and   a  proportion of this sum would  also be cjmrceahle against canteen profits. Some $378,000 was  utilised w what might he ������������������������������������We<f  the "free department," Jhat is;'  sums used for the free q>trihw-  tion of supplies, percentage of  sales given in casp to military  limits, extra fatiomngt music;  entertainments,  and  the  like,  Pay and allowance* of the staff,  not on Government pay, rationing, etc., took a further sum of  $J22,Q00. Another targe item of  expenditure is the sum of $240,-  000, which is the amount necessary to \rcep a proper amount of  supplies in transit.   This will  eventually be treated as an asset, at a period when the present  activities���������������������������ccqse |t -wi||���������������������������then.  says, the statement, he deviated  to other forms of service for the  soldier. The cash balance carried forward at the beginning  of 1918 amounted to $415,000,  of which $118,000 was at National headquarters, Toronto,  thc remainder being overseas.  The statement also makes it  clear that funds subscribed to  thc Y.M.C.A. military work arc  not utilized in connection wilh  the "regular work of lhis organization. In other words, to all  intents and purposes the war  work of thc Association is in  the hands of a separate organization.  No pipe smoker should go through  "T & B. Week"   without a package.  No word is necessary to old T & B  smokers.    They smoke it always.  But you���������������������������if you have never tried it,  smoke T & B this week and realize  the satisfaction of using a genuine  Virginia tobacco.  Okanagan Garage  Phone 77 -> Armstrong, B.C.  Agent for McLaughlin, Chevrolet, Dodge and other  makes of cars.  REPAIR WORK GUARANTEED.  A   full line of tires, tubes and accessories always on  hand.  Presto Tank  Exchange  Fairbanks Morse Gas Engines  .Oil"and everything   required by  the   Anto  owner..  Ufte our Free Air Station  /  t  i  >o<  H>  ������������������������������������  Some Fight  An American soldier who had  just come over met a Canadian  who was on leave in Paris.  ���������������������������-���������������������������"Say, old timer, tell me about  those big shells, and what they  do when they light," he asked.  "Well, when old Fritz starts  sending over six-inchers, whiz-  bang fly jigs, and gets his old  fifteen-inch rubber gun a-work-  in\ all you see is wagons, mules  and men's arms and legs going  up in tlie air. Every time a shell  lights it teais up an acre of  ground, and thc steel flies over  thc "country like so much rain."  "Gee, kid!   Some fight!"  "Yes," said the Canadian seriously, "and some poor beggars  don't!"���������������������������Provost Chester M.  Davies, Canadian Royal Troops.  The Dominion taw against the seJhnfl pf  butter without the words "pawy Pt*tterf ������������������?  ������������������������������������������������������Creamery Putter'^as the caw may, be-7-prmteq  on the hutter wrap, is a blessing in disguise to the  average farmer. ,;  " ������������������������������������������������������  It is the dwty of every hwtter roajcer to comply with the law in this matter. Some hwtter  makers have only a cow or two, and make so little  -hwtter thaHt^doies-not^appear^to^them^thaHhey^  can afford to have their hwtter wraps printed.  They do not like the idea of having 500 or JQ00  butter wraps on hand. To accommodate this  class of buttermakers, we have printed wp  a quantity of "Custom" Putter Wraps. They are  printed with the words "Fresh Pairy Putter" bwt  do not bear the name of the maker. However,  these wrappers fill the requirements of the law  governing this point, and can be bought in small  quantities at the rale of 65c a hundred in 100 or  50 lots. If you do not require buttcrwraps in  larger lots, take these wraps in lesser quantities.  500, Single Order,  1000   " ,'��������������������������� >   ���������������������������  $3.75  4.75  When   run    with   otW orders, $3.50 and ff 50  THE WALKER PRESS  Enderby, B.C.  THE CARY PRESS  Armstrong, B.C.  o<  Classified   Ads  Cost little but reach many, and are  first-class pullers of  business.    Try one in The COMMONER. 2c & lc a word L THURSDAY, JULY 25   1918.  OKANAGAN  COMMONER  SLOW IN CO-OPERATING  limited Stales and  Most   Backward  Canada  the  in   Making  Progress in This Direction^  A writer in, Leslie's Weekly  isays: "The American often  [feels like quoting Tennyson:  T the heir of all thc ages  In thc foremost files of lime."  "He thinks hc is about thc up-  Ito-datest thing there is. In this  iisuperb aspect of progress docs  "God's Own Country" stand in  the lead? It docs not. Compared with England and Russia  fit is a joke. Compared with lit-  [tle Denmark, Switzerland, Belgium and Holland it is a joke al-  fso. In England one-quarter of  'the population arc cooperatives,  and morc than one-quarter of  the population of Holland, Denmark and Switzerland. In 1916  in England their stores did a  ibusiness of ncarlv $700,000,000;  in 1916 of $900,000,000. Willi  'what they have earned in their  factories they have bought  wheat lands, coal mines, soap  factories, cattle, fruil orchards,  coffee and tea plantations. They  insure lhcir members af very  Tow rates, about half thc industrial insurance of Great Brilain  now being co-opcralivc. Only a  few months ago Ihey combined  with the .British Labor Parly,  which is* now stronger lhan  cither of thc old parties. "With  such democracy no Bolshevism  is possible in England. There is  no room for it. ,.  "Little,Denmark, in the fiscal  year of 1916-17, in her agricultural co-operation (including  thc manfacluring incident to agriculture) had a lolal turnover  of $310,000,000 as against $200,-  000,000 the last year before thc  war. Nor is all thc progress material. In Belgium the Co-opcr-  atives havc built lhcir own libraries and schools. They give  plays and the most popular of  the dramatists is Maeterlinck.  They send groups of their country .children to thc cities to bc  stimulated and city children to  thc country to be refreshed. Thc  surprising progress from 1915  to 1916 was in spite of the war.  As soon as the war is ovcivthe  co-operatives of, England are  ready to run their own ships to  Russia, loading them at both  ends 'with co-operative products. However, in one respect  the war has helped the movement, though not so much as it  has held it back. The Austrian,  government was against. co-bp-  cration before the war as too  democratic Jn 1917 the Ministry  of. War,  seeking  national  effi  ciency, invited the * munition  workers in and around Vienna  to organize co-operatively. The  German government had also  opposed the -movement, but  j when the war broke out was  compelled by reason of self-preservation to stop its opposition.  The last news that reaches me  about co-operation ih Europe is  that thc Union of Consumers'  Societies is hoping to raise in  this counUy capital i'or a co-operative paper mill on the Mur-  man Peninsula. Thc Union already, has twenty producing establishments, including three  flour mills, onc shoe factory, one  sugar mill, one candy, factory,  two soap works, one fruit-dissecting establishment, nnd fish-  cries in the Caspian. Our Consul at Moscow sent word that  the Union has the same protection ahd encouragement under  the present regime that it had  under lhc Tsar.  "Backward as wc arc, we in  this United States have a thousand co-operative distributing societies. There is to bc a national  convention in Springfield, 111.,  ncxt September. It will bear  watching. "Thc Co-operative  12 Wcst'l3lh Street, New York,  ��������������������������� will keep you up wilh the story.  Tlie story.answers thc high cost  of living."  on the part of former govern-  i.ments should be speedily remedied. The fact was forcibly..impressed upon the returned soldiers during ihe last session of  llie 'Ottawa house. There had  been much talk about what lhe.  government was going to do in  the way of providing veterans  with land, hut about the only  thing lhcy succeeded in doing  was to make it clear that tlie  real meat, in the way of desirable land, had previously beer  given U) a few favored individ-  uals. corporaV"ons or polilual  ^rafters.  The admitted failure of Canada's land policy is both painful  and embarrassing, and nothing  can be gained through any effort at camouflaging. The only  real cure is an operation, and  the sooner it is performed the  better. If the returned soldiers  wish to make sure their victory  for "freedom" and "true democracy." lhcy will stick to their  guns till the menace of the western land gamblers is removed���������������������������  Toronto Saturday Night.  England Nearly Self-Supporing  Canada's Land Policy  After an extensive investigation lhc Greal War Veterans of  Saskatchewan havc come to the  conclusion lhal no sane and permanent agricultural development policy can bc carried out  that falls short of thc expropriation-of huge tracts of land in  lhc wesl now held from production by speculators. According  to cabled reports from abroad  thc touring western premiers recently expressed similar sentiments. This changed attitude on  thc part of those whojiavc been  making a careful study of the  problem more or less confirmed  thc views expressed in these col-  ums a few months ago. No disinterested patriotic Canadian  could very well arrive at any  othcr decision, if Canada is to  take its place among progressive nations.  If the. Premier and Government of this country arc sincere in their publicly expressed  inclinations and statements concerning lhe sacrifices ncsessary'  to not only win this war, but to  make appropriate provision for  Canada's returned .veterans, and  others likely to be attracted to  this land, radical legislation  along the lines above suggested  will have to be - passed at an  early date. Thc lamentable blunders and. lack of statemanship  fulfills (he Requirement!  of Quality Street  Whenever yon require White J-ead,; make sure  of getting the one White Lead that is unequalled  for ^fineness, whiteness, covering capacity and  durability.    Ask for the guaranteed brand���������������������������  PftANPRAM'S GJSNU1NP  p.p. WHIT?: WSAP  method of dealing with the gopher pest, as practiced in California; this'is'by leading the  fumes from an automobile or  motorcycle into the burrows. A  piece of garden hose is attached  to the exhaust of the machine  by one end while the other is  put into the-hole. The motor is  then allowed to run and the gas,  which consists mostly of carbon  monoxide, flows down into the  burrow and poisons the occupants. As the gas is heavier than  air, it lodges in the dips and  hollows and remains effective  for a long period."'  Whether tinted or used  as white, the finish established by "B.B." will last  longer, protect  better, and  remain more  beautiful than  any other  White "Cead  yet produced.  Just as White  Lead generally has prov-  ed by its  long continued use its  value    over  al| other pigments, so  Brandram's B.B. White  Lead has proved its  superiority  over other  makes by its  survival as  the leading  brand for  nearly two  centuries.'  This White Lead  il inrariably used  in the manufacture  of B-H "English  Paint."  RRANPRAM-HEN PERSON  ���������������������������ONTftUL H������������������Llr������������������X ST.JOMM TOHOHTo w'lNNIPCa e������������������L������������������������������������HY COMOHTOH VANCOUVER  Lovers of white bread, who  have been patriotically -stilling  their murmurs and heroically  swallowing war-bread, may  now sec the dawn of hope upon  thc horizon. Onc, at least, of  our' allies is nearly self-supporting, and ncxt year wc shall be  able lo keep millions cf bushels  of wheat at home which, under  lhc condilions of previous ycars  would havc been exported to  feed England. What agricultural strides havc been made in  that country since thc war began can be seen from a paragraph from lhe London "New  Statesman:"  "In 1918, as against 1916, thc  acreage (England and Wales)  under oats is up by 35 per cent;  that under wheat by 38 per cent  that under barley by 11 per cent  that under other grain by 69 per  cent; that under potatoes by 50  per cent. Thc number of allotments (1,300,000) has increased  by 140 per cent. The report of  thc Food-Production Department. ..is as satisfactory as* we  could wish, the number of acres  under cultivation in ,the United  Kingdom has gone up over four  millions in two years, all records being broken. V  ������������������ "This"figure, ignores thc-grcat  increase in gardens and allotments, and it is estimated that,  on the present scaleof consumption,' this year's harvest will be  sufficient to feed the population  for forty weeks. The supply before the war was only enough  to meet the demand .for ten  weeks. Preadstuff s are not  everything; and even of them,  a fifth still has to be provided,.  Put granted that we can keep  this rate of production up, ancl,  in spite of the drains-of tiie  army upon owr labor, can, .with  the be|p of women and prisoners  save what we produce, the wo|f  bas now been driven a considerable distance from the door.  With sinkings diminishing and  sbiprbwiiding on , the increase,  we can, ?' think, congratulate  ourselves on the final failure of  the Germans to starve us out."  Save tfr<g Sugar  A number of causes bave  cumulated to make the sugar  position _more difficult than_an-  ticipated at the beginning of tlie  year. Tnc increased shipping  required to transport soldiers  and to provide for their needs  has necessitated the curtailment  of sugar transportation, particularly from the longer voyages,  and has' thns reduced supplies  both to the Allies in Europe and  to thc people of North America  from remote markets. Some of  the accessible sugar-producing  areas havc proved a less yield  than was anticipated, such as  certain West Indian Islands  The sugar-beet crop in the U. S.  and the Louisiana sugar crop  havc fallen below anticipation.  There has becn some destruction of beet sugar factories in  the battle areas of France and  Italy. Moreover, the submarine  activities ofF thc Atlantic coast  early in June resulted in the loss  of 13,854 tons of sugar from  Cuba and Porto Rico. This is  morc liian thc recent total allowance for Great Britain foe  jam-making lhis year. The loss  of this sugar emphasizes thc necessity for conservation in Canada and the United States.  The Auto Method  Time!  The attorneys for the prosecution, and defense had becn allowed fifteen minutes each to  argue the case. Thc attorney for  thc defense had begun his argument with an allusion lo lhc old  swimming hole of his boyhood  days. He told in flowery oratory of thc balmy air, lhc singing birds, thc joy of youth, the  delights of thc cool watcr���������������������������And  in thc midst of it hc was interrupted by the drawling voice of  thc iudge. "Come oul, Chaun-  cey," h said "and put on your  clothes. Your fifteen minutes  arc up."  Vacuum Nothing���������������������������Hard to.Get  Among thc answers to questions at" a school examination  appeared lhc following:  "Gross ignorance is 14 limes  as bad as just "ordinary ignorance."  "Anchorite is an oldfashioncd  hermit sort of a fellow who has  anchored himself to onc place."  "Thc liver is an infernal organ."  "Vacuum is nothing wilh the  air sucked out of it put up in a  pickle bottle���������������������������it is very hard to  get."���������������������������Christian Register.  Capltal Authorized, $5,000,000  Capital Paid-up, - $3,000,000  Surplus, $3,500,000  BUSINESS that will foster the  growth of'Canada receives primary consideration "in the extension of:  credits by the Bunk of Hamilton. It  is in the national interest that exports be,largely increased and that  Canadian-made products should take  the place of imported goods.  ARMSTRONG BRANCH  H. I/. Paynter, Manager  40~-C  mm  BEEBl  Twenty Sheep for Every Soldier  Twenty sheep arc required to  provide sufficient wool to keep  one soldier clothed. In Canada  there arc less than five and one-  half sheep per soldier. Wool is  al a record price, as is also mutton. Thc Canada Food Board  urges greater production of  sheep and municipal co-operation in controlling thc menace  from dogs.  Eat Fish and Lengthen Life  "The less meat people,cat, the  healthier., they* arc, "and thc  "���������������������������ong'cr lhcy will live. Thc average" age of a great n ������������������y.I cater is  10 years and he, could add 30  vears to ihis if he were content  to do'w'dhout meal."���������������������������Professor James Long. Institute of Hygiene, London, England.  For lhc disabled soldier there  has been "hero-worship"; for  thc civilian cripple there has  becn a futile kind of sympathy.  Both do thc cripple more harm  than good.  Many failures in poultry raising arc caused by trying to keep  two birds in the roon^required  bv onc.    Beware of, overcrowd  ing.  Fresh line ot Moir's  Chocolates just in.  Canadian  Food   Control   License  Nos.  5- S60. S-9939  Star Bakery  Armstrong, B. C.  Hi; 1-1 111 1  1 1;1 1.1  1'ULTON HARDWARE CO. LTD., ENDERBY.  <l  Writing in reference to an  item in The Commoner relative  to killing gophers a correspondent says: "It might be good service  if   you  made known   the  EET THE COMMONER REL? YOy MAKE  pysjNjsss FQft yovrsej;f, ANP HQLP TW  pysjNjsss OF TWJ3 pjsTRICT IN THE pis-  TRICT. fW C0MM0NJ3R IS WW TO WW  YOy. VPYCpOPEHATING WJ3 CAN HW*  jn THE pjsTRICT THOVSANps OF JW-  J,ARS J3ACH vWm ANP A? THE SAME  TW GIVE   TP   THE   pyRLjc THE COM-  POTEST   SATISFACTION   AS   TO   PRICE*  QVAUTY ANP SERVICE.'.'  THE PJJSJNJ3SS JS JJEflE.     JT |S JJf������������������ TP  yoy, ME- pysjNjsss&fAN, to GET voyff  SRARE.   lEJOV ARE NOT.  jt is v? fo voy:   "  WW  PS  TO  MAKE  THE  COMMONER  -AN"AIP -TOTVoy-|N-pysjNEss.r-:   ww ys TO PVT THE COMMONER JNTO  EVEKY JJOME   FROM   M1WN NORTH TO  sjcAMoys.  - WW VS TO MARE THE COMMONER A  RySJNRSS GETTER FOR EVERY RUSJNESS  ENTERPRISE JN THE PJSTRICT.  WW VS TO MAKE, JT THE MEPWM TO  WHICH Ahh MAY LOOK TO FOR THE REST  STAPLE GOOPS AT THE LOWEST HVE'  ANP-JLET-WVE PRICES.  HELP US TO MAKE EVERY "AP" SPEAK  FOR QUAUTY ANP RELJARIUTY.  Phones���������������������������29 Enderby; 35 Armstrong.  A call will bring our ad man to see you, with  illustrations and suggestions for business-pulling,  interest-awakening, and good-will building ideas.  These will cost you nothing, but advertising  space in the Commoner will cost you 40c per  column inch, transient, and 25c an inch each  insertion on contract.  The rest is up to you.  OKanagan Commoner  Armstrong or End-why. OKANAGAN   COMMONER  /THURSDAY, JULY 25, 1918   {  Binder Twine  Due to our buying, we have decided  lo reduce our  ������������������������������������������������������])rices on   binder's   twine to��������������������������� Standard, per lb, 29c  Manilla, per lb,   32c    ..  As wc-have only a limited amount -\s~ cannot guarantee prices  on  any further stocks than those now  carried in our warehouse.    Order early.  "We want your twine orders.  Pzeserving   ^Bgquizemenls  E-Z Fruit Jars, per dozen���������������������������Pints    ..$1.50  ���������������������������Quarts      1.75  ���������������������������Half Gallons      2.50  Rubber jar rings, 10c doz  Economy jar tops 50c doz  Strawberry hullers, ,10c ea 0 .  Preserving  kettles,   from. .    V. .. .S5c  to  $2.50  Cullenders, ea., 05c to 85c  Wood Spoons, ca  ... .10c  Haying "Tools  Forks    ? ?1.35  Scythes    $1.5,0,   $1.75  Snaths   . . . ;      1.(55  Hay  Hakes    50  Scythe  iSoncs       15c,   25c,   35c   10c  Machine Oil   ....   65c gal  Wire Rope, per foot,  1.8c  Cultivating  Tools  Eureka   Hand   Cultivators each       10.00  Hand  Wceders,   each   . .    20c Sz 50c  No'rcross   Cultivators          1.50  Garden Hose. V-j-in., per 50 feci        8.00  Lawn Sprinklers, from 40e  Hose Nozzles,  ca..   . .     75c to         3.00  J lose Menders, ea  ...  15c  DR. WILLIAMS' FLY SPRAY i'or  sale here. Give  your cows a treat.    Thc only    spray   thai   will drive  away mosquitoes.    Quart,     75c;     "half-gallon,      $1.25;  gallons. $2.25.    Hand sprayers     for     applying     spray,  75c,   $1.25.   and   $1.50.  Otfyez Suggestions for July  Screen Doors and Windows, Lawn Mowers, Sprinkling  Cans, Crocks, Creamery Cans. Fishing Tackle, Bicvclcs  Electric Irons.  Mail-Smith Hard'e Co. Ltd,  '   CORNER HARDWARE ARMSTRONG, B.C.  PHONE 33  CLASSIFIED  2c word Ist  insertion;   lc ������������������i  word thereafter  -;"c minimum  ADVERTISEMENTS  FOH SALE���������������������������'l-holc McClary cook  stove; $25.00. Mi;s. Jas. Graham,  Enderby. 47-tf  1 have a large list oi' enquiries  from tlie Prairie Provinces for  Mixed Farms and Stock Ranches.  Mail your descriptions of properties direct lo the oflice.  GEO. MICKLEBOROUGH  Box 398         Vernon  TFACH������������������R WANTFP  For Salmon Valley School. Apply to'Secretary of School Board,  Glenemma F. O., B. C.  |ce Cream Soc|qs  ���������������������������mi4-Suri4at9s���������������������������  GOOD DRIVING HORSE. 16 hands:  sale or trade for cow. <F. Hawes,  Enderby. ���������������������������*? 48-tf  WANTED���������������������������General N housekeeper;  one child. GoocJ home for cap-  nblc person. Apply A. J: Norman.  FOR SALE���������������������������One motor truck; 32  horse-power engine; 3 new tires;  all in running order. Can be  seen at Fletcher's Garage. Fulton  Hardware-Co.,  Enderby.       44-tf  FOR SALE���������������������������Jersey ball calf, nearly  pure-bred. $10. Collis. Lansdowne.  LOST���������������������������Yellow scheps and bridle;  on way from Enderby to Salmon  River. Reward of ������������������5 paid on  return lo Jimmy Charlie, Ender-  ._ J> yXQ.sc rve._  .31-2   Wc arc now serving delicious  Sundaes and Ice Cream Sodas,  and use only thc highest grade  syrups and crushed fruits in  making them.  When in town drop in and re-  j'resli yourseli' in our ice cream  parlor.  Tlio Popular Variety  Store  CTvIFF ST. :-: ENDERBY  FOR SALE���������������������������Cow, to calve early in  August. II. F. Cowan, Enderbv  49-3t  CHAS. PATCHETT  BUILDER AND CONTRACTOR  Shop   Work   of all   kinds  25 years' experience. Satitfaotion guarantied  BOX 190, ARMSTRONG, B.C.  Canadian Food Control License No. 8-17170.  HOT WEATHER SUGGESTIONS  MEN'S FURNISHINGS  STRAW HATS  SPORT SHIRTS  CANVASS  SHOES  BELTS, ETC.  B.V.D. UNDERWEAR  BATHING SUITS  LIGHT-WEIGHT HOSE  GROCERIES  Lime Juice, Grape Juice, Raspberry Vinegar, Lemonade, Orangeade, Lemonade Powder, Pickles, Olives, Catsup, Canned  Meats, Canned Fish, Etc.  AU kinds of Hqhram tops, Economy tops,  E-Z Seal tops.   Tops, jars and rubber bands  The Slorc for Quality and Quantity.  ENDERBY, B.C.-  ������������������������������������' i.  THE VICTROLA  ii a  HOME ORCHESTRA  of   tlie Best   possibls Kind  IT IS THE  EASIEST ORCHESTRA  ��������������������������� TO MAHAGE  It will play for you the music you love  best in the way youloye best. From  the simplest song- to the most brilliant  opera, such music you may have in per  feetion through  H. *S. Best  YOUR HOME NEEDS  MUSIC  Why  not get a New   Edison  and   have  the  music of the world's greatest  artists in vour home?  No needles  to   change  A small cash payment  takes ina  strong,    B.C.  MEETING HUNGER  MEN  ACE  Description of the Actual Food  Conditions Found in England  Today.  golf  growing  ic following description of  ll'oocl conditions in Brilain has  ' bcen -written from London by  JMr. Raymond 13. Bolton, news-  ! paper  correspondent:  ''Every available foot of soil  bas bcen or is being tilled. Miniature gardens dot thc counlry  from coast lo coast. Where a  few years ago one would sec  courses. . .one now finds  things���������������������������wheal, corn,  barley, rye, oats, garden I ruck.  Thousands of these small gardens have sprung up, fairy like,  almost overnight. They are  tended by women, children and  old men.  "Thousands and thousands of  robust, healthy young women,  who have never turned their  hands to toil in their young-  lives, have donned khaki uniforms similar to those worn by  their brothers at lhe fronl and  havc gone lo lhc farms, releasing'thousands of men who arc  now able lo shoulder lhc rifle  instead of lhc hoc and lhc rake.  For two ycars now women have  borne an.increasingly important  share of'lhc work of producing  food supplies in lhc British Isles  ... onc docs not have lo search  for proof of a food shortage in  'England���������������������������thc proof is, oh every  hand.  . "It may bc truthfully said  that thc need of conserving  every possible bit of food has  gone to the heart of every man,  woman and child in Greal Britain. Not an ounce of food is  wasted. Thc doctrine of the  clean plate is strictly adhered  to. f have, for the past three  weeks, made a rigid scrutiny of  every plate left in my immediate vicinity by a customer in  public eating houses in London  after the completion of his meal,  and it is a fact tliat I havc not  seen onc morsel of food left for  thc garbage pail.  =^"In"=thfce==\Vceks^Miave^not  had a grain of sugar. As a substitute, sacharinc is offered, but  few people use it. A limited  quantity of sugar may be obtained by securing a sugar card,  but the dillicullies which arise  through lhc necessity for obtaining a card and carrying the  sugar wherever you go make  total abstinence preferable. I  cannot actually recall what butter laslcs like. For breakfast  onc is offered margarine, which  is a white, pasty-like substance,  and which i.s no more like the  margarine you obtain in America than salt is like sugar. This  is also rationed. They say butter is rationed, bul whether this  is true or nol it makes, no. difference, for, the only place one  can obtain buller  farms, and even  make the buller  limited as to the  their own product they are permitted to use. Noj butter or  margarine is allowd for lunch  or dinner.  "Bread, yes, lhc people of  England cat bread, of a kind. I  guess until several years after  the war real wheat bread will  be an edible gone-but not forgotten. At each meal one receives a very small piece of  bread, about lhc size of a baby's  hand.  "Beef and pork are so scarce  that lhc vision of a steak such  DIAMOND  AMBEROLA  to your homebalanee, easy.terms.  Have one  in   your home for three  days  on ���������������������������Genuine absolutely.  XMeiSlS TRXArv  from  Hood Stationary Co.  The Edison Distributors  Vernon, B. C.  as i.s lo bc had in thousands of  > our metropolitan caling houses  would be so rare a sight to the  Britisher lhal hc would, I dare  jsay, be lop overcome with joy lo  | enjoy the lasly dish. Of the four  coupons allowed each person  wilh which lo purchase meal,  two are good for beef, pork or  million; lhc others arc for  bacon, game or poultry. If onc  orders cooked bee1', pork or  million, such a small portion- is  served lhal thc pang* of hunger  are far from sal'pfiod. Thc portion served would approximate  a fifth of die me it portion you  get nowadays in ��������������������������� American  cafes ancl  reslaurarls.  "One could very easily .'cat  Iwo meals in succession in London and leave the table slightly  minus lhe self-satisfied feeing  begotten by unrc.->!rictcd eating  in any American cafe or rcst-  ruranl. . .In addili -������������������i, onc has to  pay morc on the average for a  meal here than in lhc United  Stales and Canada."  Ordeii-in-Council Valid  is   on   the  those   who  arc   strictly  quantity   of  By a majority of 4 to 2 thc  Supreme Court of Canada on  Friday lasl upheld the. validity  of thc order-in-council of. April  20. If is under lhc 'authority of  this order-in-council that ,thc  exemptions olVncn in Class One  between 20 and 21 ycars of age  were cancelled. *  The majority of the Court  was composed of Sir ^Charles  Filzpa trick, Sir Louis Pa vies,  Mv. Justice Anglin and Mr:  Justice Puff; the minority  judges who dissented were. IVJr.  Justice Iddington and Mr. Justice 3ro(|eur.  While not an appeal from  thc ruling of thc Alberta Court  of Appeal, lhc judgment of the  Supreme Court decides thc important question of the constitutionality of the ordcrs-in-  council. Jt. disposes of the necessity of calling a special session of Parliament. In the  words of the Chief Justice, it  decides that the orders-in-coun-  cil-dfftcd^Apfii^20rit918r^rcJ=  valid and binding and that the  applicant is properly detained  in custody and is not entitled to  his discharge."  IMPOUNPEP  On July 2'llh, aflcr doing considerable damage lo three gardens,  one milch cow, one 2-ycar-old hull  and one yearling heifer. All three  black' and white; no brands or  marks of any kind; yearling muzzled. Owner pay expenses and  damages and reclaim, or will be  sold.    P. N. Baii.kv, Chief of Police  Attracts Attention  Claaslfiefl Want Ada. are alwtri  noticed. Thcjr are read with  Interest by intelligent people  who are on the look-out for  favorable opportunities to fill  their requirement*. Whether  your business be largo or small  thc Classified Want Columns  trill help you.  ������������������)  ������������������>  HO^  FOREMAN ������������������ ARMSTRONG  ARMSTRONG, B. C.  5  I  y   Boys' all over overalls, made in good heavy Denim with stripe,  -M  We  have received some pretty styles in women's muslin Crepe  de Chen e and silk waists. Sizes 34 to 40.  Prices from #2-75 to 4.75  Sizes ,8 to 8 years  0  I  0  w  0  0  IJ   Men's     Work    Shirts,    90c,  fi ���������������������������$1.00,1.25 and 1.50 each.  U      These are splendid values.  $1.50 a suit. ���������������������������"������������������������������������������������������\\  WOMEN'S HOSIERY  White Duchess and Church-  gate. 40o per pair.  Black Silk Lisle extra quality  65c per pair  CHILDREN S HOSIERY  White fine ribbed 30c,  35c  and 40c pair. White Princess  45c and 50c  pair.  Children's black, good quality, cotton ribbed. 35, 40c pr.  Children's Buster Brown 50c   pair  Work socks for men  20c and 30c per pair  Men's    bib    overalls,  SI.75,    j  2.00 and 2.25 pair.  Working   gloves     in    mule, "jj  horse hide  and buck. .  75c to $2.25   pair \.  Canadian   Food  Control   License  No.   S-22.3GG  When working out the profits, do not forget that one of the secrets of the prosperous Farmer's success lies in his prompt Telephone Communication with,the. various buyers, "by the use of our  long distance lines hc can obtain the highest market  quotation within a few minutes, by this means he is  able to take advantage of the best price and also .save,  time.    It is our endeavor, to supply  you continuousl\r  good, telephone service   day   and  night.*"  i\  \  w ownagan mmm po.  i  T4ve  Pay  graveyar4  s^oes fQr A"pj, f\\e fi\m\]y \\  pup- he obtained nt  i't-  Tha Sftoe Hospital  Come  in  and  inspect my stocl  Solid   Leather   Footwear   is   iti!'  SDcciallu. J  Don'l send your work out f'j  town. Let me setv the soles of  your boots.  All branches of repairing don  A  PO JT NOW!  Have Hint new heating syslcm installed or that  old onc overhauled and put in shape lor winter.  Do not wait until thc fall rush comes.  It costs less to do it now.  'Haying tools of all kinds.  McClary's Famous Kootenay Ranges.  Screen Doors, Windows, Wire Netting, Hose,  Refrigerators���������������������������in fact our line of hardware is the  most complete in thc country and our prices are  always the lowest.  Plumbing, Heating and Tinsmithing. Mail  your orders or enquiries to us. They will receive  prompt attention.  FiijioN Hardware il  PI UMBING, HEATING TINSMITHING  ENDERBY, B. C.


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