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Okanagan Commoner May 23, 1918

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Array ���������������������������J'i  l'-is  orough May 20-16  Wp'woka, Sas.  ii1)  ARMSTRONG,  B. C.  fy  ENDERBY,  B. C.  IN WHICH IS MERGED THE ENDERBY PRESS AND ARMSTRONG ADVERTISER.  Vol. XV., No. 22, Whole No. 741.  ARMSTRONG. B.C..  THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918  Subscription, S2.00 per vear: 5c the conv  Armstrong District  News in Tabloid Form  \h    n  \<  f  16���������������������������  i'  Mrs. R. Inglis returned from  Vancouver last Friday.  Mr. V. Sparkman returned on  Wednesday from Chilliwack.  Born���������������������������Friday, May lOlh, to  Mr. and Mrs. J. M. Everett, a  daughter.  Miss O. McPhcrson went to  Sicamous on Friday, returning  on Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs. J.'R. Freeze left  .last Saturday for Vancouver on  a short visit.  Ptc. Chas. Rippington came  in from Vancouver on Tuesday  on a short leave.  Service will be held in St.  James' Church next Sunday  morning nt 11 o'clock.  Mrs. Horhoff and daughter  left on Saturday for Endcrhy to  visit wilh relatives a Jew days.  Pte. Teward returned lo Vancouver on Tuesday after spending a short time wilh relatives  here.  c The farmers arc rchuilding  lhcir tabernacle al Hullcar, and  arc preparing for lhe crowd on  June 3rd.  Messrs. P. Rcid, Ii. Skelton  and S. Price left last Saturday  for Vancouver to commence  military duly.  Mr. and Mrs. H. Mead left on  Monday for Manficld, Wash., to  spend a couple weeks with Mr.  Mead's relatives.  Mr. and Mrs. H. Fictchcr, of  Rich lands, spent a few days last  week visiting^ Mr. and Mrs. H.  Hope.    -  Mr". R. S. Horn has taken over  the Regan ranch, recently purchased hy Mi*. Wcismer; .and  Mr. Wcismer goes oii to Miv  Horn's place.  The Misses K. & L. Fucnfgcld  motored to Salmon Arm on  Sunday, where they went to  meet their father and brother,  returning from Vancouver. *  Divine service will be -conducted in thc Methodist Church  on Sunday nexl at 11 a.m. and  7.30 p.m. by the Rev. R. D. Lee.  A hearty invitation is extended  to all.  Mr. and Mrs- M-M- Ryan, who  moved to Armstrong from Vancouver a couple of weeks ago,  have purchased the Neil properly and have tajecu up their  residence there.  Mi. S. JVJcCracUen, manager  of lhe Calgary Saddlery Co.,  enmc in from Calgary last Saturday to visit bis Armstrong  friends. It is five ycars since  Mr. "YJcCracKcn left Armstrong  and ^e arc pleased to hear he  lias worked his way up to manager.  Mr. Gus Schubert, Jr., left on  Tuesday for Vancouver, where  hcAvcn.LtoJ ohutheJR .=A.-F----=Mr-.=  Schubert is an old-timer in  thc district and all friends will  hope to hear lhat good fortune  is his lot "over there" and that  they may sec him return safe  and sound.  Last week was pack week at  the Red Cross rooms, and thc  following articles were sent  away: 31 pyjama suits, 7 pillows, 7 pillow slips, 105 pairs of  socks. 04 operating stockings, 2  stretcher caps, 14 day shirts, 0  personal propertv bags, 1 quill,  1 bundle of old lineup lxof flannel and t of col ton.  The Vancouver Island Fruit  Land, Ltd., Alfred Carmichael  Manager, will give a demonstration with the Cleveland Tractor  at W. H. Keary's ranch, formerly the Capt. Wallace property, on  Saturday, Msy 25th, 2 to 5 p.m.  Farmers of our district are cordially invited to be present and  witness this demonstration.  Mr. and Mrs. Marsh left -lost  Friday for [heir home in Wisconsin. Mr. Marsh reports bavin."' a very successful auction  sale. Onc grade Ayrshire cow  in particular brought $1.26. This  he believes is a record price at  public auction in this section for  a grade dairy cow. Five-weeks-  old. pigs fetched $7.75 each. Mat  Hasscn was the auctioneer.  The Rev. R. W. Lee, who has  been pastor of the Armstrong  Methodist Church for thc last  two years, has becn appointed  to tlie important charge at  Cranbrook.    Mr.  Lee  has  also  ' been appointed chairman of the  i Kootenay District, and will havc  under his supervision thc important work in lhc Crow's Nest  Pass. The Rev. F. L. Carpenter,  who. has been located at Salmon  Arm, will succeed Mr. Lee a I  Armstrong, Enderby to be sup  John S. Johnstone at Rest  plied from Armstrong. Mr.  for  Armstrong  Lee  the  After a year or two of waiting  Mr.f John S. Johnstone, of Enderby, "passed over unto the  other side" last Friday evening,  May 17th. Since tlie going of  Mrs. Johnstone, a year or two  Mrs. Walton Passes Over  ago, this sturdv old Scotchman  Mrs. Francis J. Walton diec  at the Royal Columbian Hospital, New Westminster, on Monday, May 13th." Mrs. Walton  was born in Ontario and later  married Mr. Walton, one of thc  early Methodist missionaries in  Food Controller Asks  Fuller Co-operation  will  be in  ncxt two Sundays.  Mrs. E. J. While and daughter  returned on Sunday from Mali-  fax and Eastern, points, where  they spent the past year or more  for the daughter's health. Mrs.  While was one of lhc victims of  thc Halifax disaster. Shc was  badly cut by window glass, and  the shock of the explosion shattered her nervous system and it  will, be months yet before she  has recovered. It was Mrs.  While's privilege to witness  some inspiring sights in shipping in recent months!  The report was received from  Grand Forks on Tuesday morning that Mr.Harold Timberlakc,  jeweler and optician, had met  wilh an auto accident near that  town and is now in thc hospital  there suffering from injuries  received when his auto turned  turtle. It bas been impossible  to learn how seriously Mr.  Timberlake was injured, but it  is known that hc is in the hospital, and Mr. Timberlakc, his  father, was called to his bedside, leaving Armstrong immediately on receipt of wire. So  far as known, the automobile,-a  hew Chevrolet which- Mr. Tiin-  bcrlakc had driven-but" a*'short'  time, was'damaged very little.  NAMING WINNIPEG  Henry   B.   Thomson,   Chair-' proper  distribution.     Compiled  man of'the Canada Food Board results will guide farmers in thc  ,-   , .,.- ,,       .      .      .,       recently    gave    the    following marketing    of    Iheir    products  has been waiting and longing to Alhcrta. i statement     to     the    Canadian  and    making   future   arrangd  gel away to join the helpmate      They took their wedding trip Press-  ol earlier years.    He was taken from  Winnipeg  by  Red  River      "As Chairman of the Canada  away by phncumonia, develop- carts to Edmonton.    This jour- Food Hoard, I earnestly appeal  ing irom a cold contracted only ncy took inc)nths and was ac- to the people of Canada to seek  a day or two previous,  at  lhc companicd by many hardships, to understand thc spirit as welt  residence ot his daughter, Mrs. --   -    ���������������������������  ments.  Thc    satisfactory     responses  from farmers in 1917, when 46  iper cent of thc farms in thc province were reported upon,  was  A. H. Glen, though for months  hc had suffered from a  ing illness.  Mr,. Johnstone was  of age. Hc came to  from Manitoba  some  linger-  73 ycars  Enderby  12 ycars  ago and engaged in cement construction work.   He was one of  lhal fine old type of Scotchmen, ~r VA������������������"'i���������������������������������������������rt  true to the core and loyal to   ,ie mainina mpn!  Mr. and Mrs. Walton took up ;ls the object of������������������our food regu-!perhaps t|llc jn no small sense  mission work near Edmonton UUions. The help which wc shall; to the spirit of patriotism ap-  and were for several ycars as- give to our soldiers and Aliics'plied in a practical sense. It i.s  socialcd wilh Rev. John McDou- Will be measured, not only by;hoped that this same spirit will  gall and other leading pioneers, "compliance wilh lhc leller of be even morc manifest in June,  Mr. Walton's health failed the regulations, bul also by the, 1918, and when every farmer  and since his death Mrs. Wal- "observance of lhcir spirit. To, in thc province will send in a  ton  has  lived  at  Victoria   and evade thc object and thc spirit j report. *     '  Armstrong.  Mrs. C. A Norman  is   the  only  rein cm her of thc family.  Mrs. Norman has been with her  of food regulations is little less  than treachery to tlie Iroops and  our Aliics.  "fl* the situation bc as staled,'  limit.      Two daughters survive  the lather: Mrs. H. H   Worth- moljlcr vQV jjlc pasl two monlhs why isn't morc vigorous action  ing on and Mrs. A. H..Glen, ol       d h     lh   svni  athy of manv  ���������������������������  ��������������������������� ">   Enderby    district,    while   three _v,}0 h?ye k���������������������������bwn  ^ departc^  sons still  district,  live in Manitoba  Saskatchewan.  Burial took place in thc Enderby cemetery from A. McPherson's undertaking rooms,  Tuesday afternoon, Rev. Mr.  Dow officiating at the grave.  Pte. Joseph Mowat is visiting  his home from the convalescent  honic on the coast. He has improved some in strength since  his former visit on his return  from thc front.  Make out an appropriation  for all expenses at the beginning  of each week.  Interesting PeriocT in the Early  History of Canada's Wheat-  Belt Metropolis.  Thc naming of, any town is  always morc or less of an event  and marks a new epoch. The  naming of Canada's great wheal  belt city, was an event of more  than ordinary importance, for  it marked the evolution of a  trading post into a growing  city, destined to become one of  the centres of interest'awl commerce in.thc pominion.  The name "Winnipeg" means  the city of dirty waters���������������������������an  Indian name given a thircl of a  century ago to what was then  Fort Garry, a trading post by  the banks of the muddy fled  River. The growth of Winnipeg  since that time has been phenomenal. Fortunes have been  made and lost; men have risen  "aTfd=fallehTV5thWs_h^fve^liirlbecl  the golden stairs that lead into  thc darkness beyond.  Thirty j-ears ago when the  three hundred citizens of Fort  Garry concluded they would  find a name for their city-to-be,  they had lo hold several public  meetings before the question  was finally settled. In those  days the citizens of Fort Garry  very often found themselves up  against just such problems as  we in the Okanagan havc to  face in town affairs today.  Judge D. M. Walker, who is  visiting Endcrhy this week,  with Mrs. Walker, on their way  home fgi/mi California, where  thev sucnt thc winter, was onc  of that original Fort Garry 300.  He tells many interesting incidents of Winnipeg's early history. He was onc of thc leaders  in the fight for lhe name "Winnipeg." For a quarter of a ccn-  lurv hc was a prominent figure  in thc courts of Manitoba. And  having been in close touch with  Winnipeg's phenomenal growth  from the day of its birth, Mr.  Walker feels proud of the greal  Canadian wheat-belt metropolis. Another early "Winni-  peger" is Enderby's townsman  Mr. Geo. Brown, whose residence there was contemporaneous .with lhat of Judge Walker.  They give a fund of information  on early Canadian Iifc when  lhcy get together to talk over  thc past.  M.r. and Mrs. Walker leave  for Winnipeg Friday afternoon.  taken by those in authority? It  should be recognized thai food  regulations of this nature can  only bc enforced with great difficulty in a counlry where the  population is as widely and  sparsely distributed, as ours is.  At present thc food problem is  further complicated by dillicul-  tics of finance and' transportation. Moreover, drastic food  fields of f cxasrwhc"re"thc Royal orders might easily lead to dc-  Flying Corps boys havc spent rangement of important mdus-  thc winter, savs: "Send the, lrics and ultimate harm to pro-  bovs in the trenches their home j duction or thc distribution ot  papers. Thev arc just like long necessary foods. So, too, orders  letters from "home, and what is which might with reason be ap-  morc,    they    don't    have    to ply to certain classes ol workers  who have known the  lady. Mrs. Walton was known  tp many in Enderby, where shc  visited Mrs. A. Paul on several  occasions some,ycars ago.  "Pass  In  Review,"  the  military paper which specializes in  news  Camp  of    Canip  Taliaferro,  Bowie    and  lhc  aviation  answer  them.  e Day at  Promises  tgySuccess  5.00  3.00    2.00  5.00  3.00    t-00  ���������������������������S J 2.00  2.00  1.00  3.00  4.00  The final draft of the program for Empire Day sports at Endcrhy.-was made this week, and if the weather man plays fair  it how looks favorable for a big day at thc pioneer town of the  North Okanagan. <   ��������������������������� ���������������������������    *  Unusual interest is being taken by neighboring localities, and  a bumper crowd is anticipated. Following is thc final draft of  the program of the day's events: _ r  10.00 a.m.���������������������������Long Pistancc Foot Pace; JG and over, Silver Cup  Prizi offered by Mr. II. It. Wilson,   Enderby,   B.   C.  Prizes  1st      2nd    3nl  10.15���������������������������J3icycJe "Race, open to all. .'    $3.00 82.00 St .00  10.30���������������������������rjntermediate Baseball   ....    Endcrhy vs. Salmon Ami  12.-J5���������������������������parade to Recreation Grounds.  1.00 p.m.. .Men's 100 yards foot Hace      Men's Quarter-Mile Foot ftace      Men's "Relay Pace     "(Joy's Pace, under 16   Children's  races���������������������������Girls and.Poys under 12,  ..Cash Prizes  patriotic Addresses j,y 4 w<jge s wapson and  Mr. K. C. RfocPonald, MP-P. 1   ''  p. m.���������������������������Senior Paschal}  Vernon vs. ������������������nderhy  p.m.���������������������������Matinee at ������������������nqerby Opera House. .Annette "fCellcr-  man, in that snperh film play ���������������������������"Neptune's   Daughter"  4.30���������������������������Intermediate Baseball   Vernon vs. pnderhy  7.00 p.m.���������������������������Hose Reel Pace, Hub-and-hub   Vernon, Salmon Arm, Ignclerhy     _=._==_  7-^0^Km7=sWct^rat"TrV������������������ilKJij, Salmon   Arm   awl   Endcrhy  (Silver cup given hy Mr. ������������������. p. pill.)  8.30 p.m.���������������������������Dance in J������������������. of p. flail, and "Neptune's Daughter'  at Enderby Opera House  Pest Decorated Auto, 1st, $20; 2nd, $10.  Pest Decorated Bike and Pider, 1st, $5: 2nd. $3: 3rd, $2.  Pest Decorated Horse, and Rider, 1st, $5; 2nd, $3; 3rd, $2.  Pest Decorated Horse and Indian Rider, 1st $5; 2nd $3; 3rd $2.  Pest Comical feature, 1st, $5: 2nd, $3; 3rd, $2.  Armstrong Band in attendance  Considerable interest is being [addresses   by   Judge   Swanson  centered upon the long-distance J and Mr. K. C. McDonald, M. P.  P., at thc grandstand in thc afternoon will be most interesting. These gentlemen will havc  a message that all will bc delighted  to hear.  Ample provision is being  made by the various patriotic  societies and-by lhe King Edward. Hotel, lo provide meals  and other refreshments, and al!  who attend from the counlry  will  find  accommodation.  A.s will bc seen from the program, three baseball games will  be   called,   the  Enderby   inler-  mediaics  playing Salmon Arm  tnd Vernon  al  Enderbv  would, if applied generally, result in' a lesssening of general  efficiency. Individual responsibility cannot bc disassociated  from-a wise solution-of problems connected with food control.  r  "The chief object of all food  orders is to conserve food, to  secure am equitable distribution  of available supplies and-to prevent unfair price- inflation. II  is not" dillicult to recognize the  aim of any specific order, ll  will help our men at thc fronl  but little if compliance with the  regulations is made an excuse  for failure fo observe their  spirit. I appeal to onc and all  to wholeheartedly comply with  the spirit of these orders. "pet us  hegin by measuring our helpfulness according tp the extent  to which each of us personally  has replacd meat and wheat hy  more perishable and less needed  commodities.  "A present paramount need  is the conservation of wheal.  Substitution can" not he added  too generally or carried out too  far, until the new crop becomes  available. Our Allies must obtain wheat to bind their bread.  Let us, therefore, reduce our  _consumption-=.-of=-=w-heat==and=  wheat products as much-as our  circumstances will permit. Generous co-operation has been  given, and is being given, in the  adoption of wheat and meat  substitutes.  "Put morc is required.    Mav  we  saci  men in Europe.   If our spirit be  as theirs, we shall not fail  race which Mr. H. R. Wilson'  inspired by the handsome cup  'offered by him, his object being  to inaugurate a race that would  bc an annual affair, similar lo  those held in Eastern Canada.  For a lime there was a doubt  if any number of our boys could  bc induced to enter the, race,  but this doubt no longer exists.  In addition lo the silver cup pul  up by Mr. Wilson thc following  value  Com-  val-  Your individual return is imperative toward the most reliable results, and lhc success of ,  tlie system now adopted. It is  by far the most economical  and onc which can bc used each  year.  Failing in such a plan where  thc farmer's co-operation is essential, in order that the collection of statistics be continued,  thc Dominion would then require to resort to a census as  laken by personal visit, but  which would at thc present tunc  cost over. $1,250,000. This would  at once prove unpopular with  our ratepayers, and would be  an unnecessary drain on public  funds,   y    *-     ���������������������������'  Farmers arc assured that ih-v  dividual reports will bc treated  as strictly confidential and will  not in any shape or manner be  used as a basis for tasation or  othcr liability.   Only, totals will  be published."       ������������������  -   Those farmers, whose names  do.not appear on thc provincial  Voters' Lists as such and have  not_ received  a   card   schedule,'  may obtain one,,as well as a re���������������������������t-  -turn envelope,, from their postmaster br, the secretary of the  Farmers' "Institute.    , -'��������������������������� "  A^rcport is" desired from each  farmer who is raising livestock  or'crops, .whether owner, tenant or operator on shares. More  than onc report froin onc farm  should be a voiclcd^s far as."possible.  *-''( -   /3*r  GtfJNPPOP NQTJ3S     m  Miss !_. HofTman is paying a  short visit to the coast..  G. fl. Wcfls left on,Saturday  last to answer his country's call  t.o military duties.  Last week's shipments from  Grindrod .were 4 cars hay, G  cars posts and 2 cars of lumber.  Mrs. H./fomkinson has been  spending a 1'cav days..withJ1er  mort h"cT-M"fsVPaf Rliufs f~of TV rh l -  strong.  A large crowd from Grindrod  went  to Mara  on  Monday last:  to welcome home Jas. Massey.,  All spent an enjoyable evening.  Mrs.   p.   Rosoman   returned  . . -       ,. , from Victoria on Monday bring-  match our co-operation andiinij wilh he- her two sons who  ���������������������������ificc with the spirit of  our{|,.Jvc    j3CCn  An Appeal to Farmers  in   thc mornm,  A.?A)   p.m.,,   w  Seniors    will   cress   bals   with  v'liile.  lhc  Yern on' s sen i ors  The     evening  at 3 p.m.  sports���������������������������hub-  prizes havc becn don a led  2nd. prize, pair shoes,  $8.00, by Enderby Supply  pany.,  3rd prize, set of brushes.  uc 'KO.oO, by A. Reeves.  ������������������������������������������������������-1th prize, steel fishino' rod,  value $4.00, by Fulton vHardware  Company.  5lh prize, Safety-razor, value and-hub race and wet test���������������������������will  $1.50, by Enderby Hardware;be pulled off on Cliff Street., the  Company. Vernon.  Salmon  Arm  and  En-  Anothcr feature which prom-j derby teams entering tlie con-  iscs to bc most attractive is the! test. Thc Enderby team has  decorated autos, bicycles andjheen practising steadily for the  horses; also the comical fea- past week or ��������������������������� more, and will  lure. Liberal cash prizes arc;give Ihe visitors a close run for  given in  these events. f the  cup  offered  by  Mr.   E.  B.  Undoubtedly     the     patriotic; Dill. . .,  be-  and  Py  mutual   arrangement  tween thc Dominion Census  Statistics Oflice and the British  Columbia  Department of Agriculture, for the collection of agricultural statistics, card schedules calling for a return of crop  areas and livestock as on June  1.5Ui, 1018 arc being mailed  farmers whose names appear  lhc provincial  Voters'  Lists,  revised in 1917.  Last .year the provinces of  Quebec, Saskatchewan, Alberla  and Brilish Columbia adopted  this plan wilh such success thai.  all thc other provinces in the  Dominion havc co-opera led.  Tn appealing lo farmers for  lhcir hearty co-operation, by  filling in and returning cards  sent out il is unnecessary to emphasize lhe extreme shortage of  food products' in the Allied territory as a result of the war.  Imt il is desired to point out the  importance of the governments  having  ment.  undergoing  treat-  An        enjoyable     ' evening's  dancing was spent in thc school  here on Friday evening. C. Rosoman   of  Mara   and  Geo.  Kcnl  put   up  excellent   music and  it  ,was a good thing thc Food Controller was not around.  |     Here is a case of honcstv the  best   policy.     A   lady   lost" her  purse   when   travelling   on   the  Molasses   Limited   about   four  weeks ago.    Last week a school  !������������������ boy    found    il    and    took    the  ]n | trouble lo find lhc owner bv ad-  as i vcrtising. returned thc purse lo  J the  owner  mid  was   rewarded  wilh    thc    munificent   sum    ol  Iwo dollars.    This bov will probably think now that" finding is  keeping.  THE DAY���������������������������.JUNE 3rd  Js Farmers" Day,  you to join Ihem j  picnic grounds to  time.  and thev ask  il the Hullcar  enjoy a good  as accurate knowledge  of conditions and supply as possible,   in   order   to   accomplish ipi^ices^riirm-evaii'  Manager Morris i.s giving a  special motion picture'' performance in the Avalon Theatre.  Armslrong, tomorrow (Empire  Day) night. Extra fine pictures  will be shown  and  the regular OKANAGAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY: MAY 2R   1918  m  F    .<  termination of the terrific '���������������������������bat-  e which began on March 21st  last, which will probably con-  inue   for   months   and   which  SLOW  IN  ASKING  Do  British   Columbia  Farmers  Not   Apply   fon   Boy   Farm  Laborers  Borrowing  From  Dominion  may be de isivc of the war. Ifj  a scattered and broken rem- j  nant, overwhelmed because not]  reinforced, should return lo j  Canada, it would little profit to j, .  tell  Ihem  that while  thev were *crs are slow m making application   i'or  bovs  recruited  in   the  That British Columbia farm-  MORE MEN IMPERATIVE  Sir Robert Borden Explains Re  cent Cancellation of Alb Ex  emptions.  "Thc need i'or Canadian reinforcement:-  al   the  front  is  imperative���������������������������-morc   necessary   than  food,  says  Sir   Robert  Borden.  ''Since the passing of thc order-  in-council of April 20. 1918." he  says,   "empowering   the   gover-  nor-iu-couiu-il   lo  call  out   men  of  specified  ages   regardless   of  exemptions granted or claimed,  numerous   representations  have  been   received   by   numbers   of  llie.   government   cxprssing   the  view   lhal   the  proposed  action  will prejudicially affect production in certain industries.    Such  representations   have   becn   received   from   those   engaged   in  mining,   in   agriculture,   in   lhe  production of munitions of war,  in   Shipbuilding,   in   Iransporta-j  tion and olner similar activities  lhal are important if not essential for war purposes. i  "Thc government weighed all  these  consideration   most   care-  fuly   before  entering   upon   lhe  policy above set forth.    Wilh a  view  of  interfering as  little as  possible wtii production and of  providing  those who  would be  most readily and would be mostj  ellicient  for  reinforcements   to  thc Canadian army in France,  it was  decided  in   the first instance lo call out men from 20  Ho 22 years, bolh inclusive.  "The importance of production in lhc various essential industries and especially in agriculture, in munitions and in  "shipbuilding is fully recognize-.I  but all production is of no avail  unless the Canadian forces in  France "are sustained by adequate" reinforcements, ff such  aid is not afforded, llie line can  being decimated our production  ad been largely increased.  "Those who have nol becn in  close touch with thc purpose of  the German offensive may fail  to realize the tremendous development of submarine war  which would undoubtedly' take  place if certain channel ports  pass into German occupation.  What portion of our products  could then find a market in  | Europe would be wholly prob-:  llcmaticaL I  I "There has been undue and  j unexpected delay in ,the*- opcr-  1 a tion of, llie 'Military Service  tAct from causes upon which il  is not necessary to dwell, ff the  government, .does nob- strictly j  maintain the policy, of abolish-'  -ing exemption in the ifges called  out from time to lime [here will  ���������������������������be' renewed and .perhaps fatal  delay; for exemplions cannol  lie granted except after hearing  and m->*5 ligation with', consequent appeals and all the loss of  lime   I'esulling  therefrom. j  "Thc enemy nations are putting   inlo   the   war   their   extra  available man-power which has.  been organized for this purpose'  during  the  last fifty years  and  which  is   now  concentrated  on  ike  western  battlcfront.  chiefly:  against lhe Brilish forces which i  are   under" a I lack  by  an   enor-!  mous   superiority   of   numbers.  In lhe midst ol" that titanic bat  lie thc Canadian nation  ! discharge   ils    duly   unless   ils  ! government    provides    certain  .means of speedy and sufficient  |reinforcements. The enemy millions   will   not  await  our'con-  jvemonce,   and   their "fierce   on-  [slaught   is   not   stayed   by   any  consideration   of  hardship,  loss  or sorrow entailed upon us by7  their   effort    to   dominate1' the  world.  ''Supreme effort and sacrifice  arc called for. If wc fail in these  we shall fail in all else."  "Soldiers of the Soil" movement is thc substancerof a statement iust issued bv Mr. J.  H.  Ottawa, May 1;,���������������������������When the  late Premier Brewster visited  Ottawa in* the middle of March  he made arrangements for financing the province through the  Canadian Bankers' Association.  On" his way home he was taken  with pneumonia and died at  Calgary.' .He. died before any  members of thc government  reached his bedside and he left  no  notes  nor  memoranda  that  Easy to Operate  Easy to Pay For  Beatty, associate provincial sup-1could be found as to the trans-  erintendent   of   the   "S.   O.   S."  who* adds that the only chance  for  the local farmer  to  secure  assistance  froin  this   source  is  by immediate application to the  headquarters (,in the agricultural  department in  Victoria.    Other  provinces are taking all of the  boys  available  according   to   a  comparative   statement   issued  in Victoria ahd it is suggested lister fqr thc province,1 has1 been  lhat lhe coast farmers, requiring!partly- to reconfirm the ncgolia-  labor   for   the   summer   should ylions ���������������������������which   Premier  Brewster:  make application at once. jliad   completed.'    It   is  -under-:  Mr. Beatty gives 'a compara-Vstood thai Ihey have been sue-;  live slalemenl of the enrolment eessful in securing a credit of,  of bovs in lhe "S. O. S." in lhe three-million and that arrange-:  Ihrcc prairie provinces and also men Is to this effect, through-  in Brilish Columbia. B. C. has; the Bankers' Association will  enrolled 1573 bovs of whom a if),be settled in a  action which he had consum-  ated.  To friends here in Ottawa he  had stated that he had arranged  foK, a credit oi* four million dollars, although there was nothing official to confirm it. " j  The visit of Premier Oliver,  Mr. Brewster's successor, and  Hon. John Hart, financial min- ���������������������������  Looks Easy  'Tis Easy  have hccn nl;  berla 802, 'o  becn placed;  215. of  whom  ced on I arms: Al-  wbom   621   have  Saska I ehewan 1 ,-  1.139 bave been  !slill persistent  I ish Columbia f  placed, aud Manitoba  1.-137. of  whom  1.039 havc been  placed.  /That   statement   indicates   lhat  .while  nearly  all  lhe  boys  who  enrolled   on   the 'prairies   have  been   placed   on   farms,   only  a  ; few have been applied for in B.  jCV   The demand i'or more boys'  or work east of thc prairies is  and  unless Bril-  irmcrs make ap-  can not; plication now lhc officers of the  "S. 0. SV can not bc expected  to  hold   the  boys  from   laking,  positions  on   '.he  j rairics.   Il   is  desirable, however, that the farmers and  fruil growers should ;  havc first place with respect to  these boys.    Even il  not  required,  until  season  the"'present is  the only-  time to apply.   Those boys who  are. not applied for- in the near  Association  day or Iwo.  Whether Mi-. Brewster had  arranged for an extra million  or not no one seems lo know.  Three million is apparently the  utmost fhe British. Columbia  ministers can now secure.  11   you're tired skimminirypaiis and cans or  a hard, high .separator,  working  GET A "STANDA  yy  -it's easv and  better.  Home-Madex Candy Prohibited  home-  to  make  "rom   cane  thc help is ,",a>' j  late  in   the *"!*."!  ulure will doubtless go to lhe^lll>'- Wholesale and retail mcr  prairies.���������������������������Vancouver   Province.  It  is  illegal  made  candy  for- home consumption,  may   nol   have   morc   than   15  days'  supply  of sugar in   their  homes, if  Ihey live within  two  miles  of  a   licensed dealer.    If  living   more    than    two    miles  but  less   than  five miles away,  thev may have 30 days' supply.  if  living  morc  than   five miles  and  less   than   ten   miles,   they  may have up to 60 days' supply.  crs and all others living at  a distance of ten miles or more  from a licensed dealer may  store sugar for 120 days' supply  Wholesale and  ir;  PHONE  47  P8  ARMSTRONG, B  1  C.  StaG������������������������������������'iriMGtiIDI_  ���������������������������Ql-,6Usked   /872  tal  Authorized, $5,000,000  tal   Paid-up,   -   $3,000,000  plus $3,500,000  Most Binding Thing  Turn Him Over  ichants, and  ! urcrs, using  ducts, may not  sufficient  45 davs.  ll was during lhc daily lesson  on   patriotism, and' lhe "teacher  'had finished telling the children  ; lhe duty  to  one's, country  and  [the blessings of-.citizenship.  licensed manufacl  sugar in their pro  more  havc  sugar  for the trade  not be held, and if lhe line is] "And nou\ children." she said  not held, our production will in | impressively, "what is il lhal  the end-1 inure to the'advantage (binds us togelher and makes us  of Gcrmanv rather than of lhc better IhanVc arc.bv nature?"  Allied Powers.  "More than 100.000 Canadians arc exposed to attack by  overwhelming     numbers     and  they will bc so exposed until thciEvclvn  Lillle Evelyn raised.her  "Well. Ivvclyn, can you  asked  teacher.  "Yes,   ma'am;    corsets,  hand,  tell?"  sa id  Thc young hopeful had becn  a  source, of continual vexation  and    trouble   all    through    lhc  meal and at its finish a woman,  friend ..turned  ,_.to    lhc   child's;  mother -and said: j,  "ff your boy belonged lo mc I  shouldn't stand so much of his  nonsense a I meal time. I should  give him a thrashing."  "But." said the mother, "you  can't spank the poor little fellow on a  full stomach."  "No." said her friend, "but  vou can turn him over."  \,\  What-will -it  ic gains thc w  profit a man if  lolc world, am  (iocs not  pay  for  his  paper.���������������������������  Greenwood Ledge. -- '  5  5  C-'.  WT us  MQP������������������RN  SUPPLY  PAIRV  you WITH  ������������������QUJPM������������������NT  We fwve just completed our line of modern dairy equipment.  Everything that the dairy farmer needs to handle his milk*  cream and butter can he purchased here:���������������������������milk pans, pails,  strainers, creamers, churns, hutter faowjs, workers, printers.  And^orneetthe l>?g dairy need oHo-day~we-have-contracted-  for the exclusive saie of "the only separator that sHims clean  at any speed.  m  g_  m  m  WREAM SEPARATOR  After actual demonstrations, we finally selected the Sharpies Suction-  feed���������������������������primarily because it is the one separator that absolutely skims  clean, regardless of speed at which the handle is turned. We, as well  as the makers, stand behind every Sharpies Separator. Here are some of  the exclusive Sharpies features tn which our customers will.be interested.  1. Skims clean  nt  any speed���������������������������all  other  separators waste cream  when turned under speed.  2. Gives   cream  of  even  thickness���������������������������not  thick   to-day  and   thin  to-morrow.  permits you  ,-er put on a separator���������������������������also  3. Increases its capacity when turned faster  to finish quicker.  4. Has the lowest supply tp.nl-  it is the largest.  5. Easiest to clean���������������������������only one piece in bowl���������������������������no discs  to wash.  6. Self-emptying howl and once-a-month oiling system.  .Seeing i.s believing���������������������������so we suggest that you call for a  Sharpies demonstration, as weii as inspect our carefully  selected dairy equipment.  Fulton Hardware Co.  Ltd.  Enderby, B. C.  35c  25c "fi  Peljponte Strawberry Jem  Per tin. 2's   Macroni  2 pkts for      Sweet Piscujfs  Per   lb..    35c  Caiwet} Pears  "Citirge cans    30c  Potted Weafs  YOUft BOY AT THE FKOM  FRANC NOTE fOR $1.00   ~ Can be used to buy little comforts,  _S*s.   L _hind the Firing Lines>  FOR SALl: BY  BANK OF HAMILTON  H. Iv. PAYNTER, Mgr.  AUMSTKON'G  BRANCH,  41-C  \  I*'-  jJ=*-Pertin=  25c  Clam*  nwenr  "   jS.������������������^'_B>D -  Wheat. Outs,-parley,"Spring Rye,  $* W.  pent Corn, Timothy. C|orer/Vefc|i������������������.jlf������������������pe.  SUnJstrop, |~on<J Hefl wi4 other Ofwurel  Turnip awl P^t s������������������e<l for lat������������������ fwrtywiififf  (k>ujeu pantam Corn, Squash anfl Citron  Alfalfa Culture  XX  ���������������������������o<  o<  o<  fl. S. TimMsfc P������������������Q������������������ Graduate Optometrist  J  5  i  Sardine*  ^loC^Crr  for  ZOC  Phillips & Whltehruse  Phone 48  Armslrong  PirtMay Gift*  Wrist watches for the boys  going: overseas���������������������������  WPAT PISTTEH GIFT?  +  I  I  i  m  m  QUEEN'S  UNIVERSITY  t$WW& KINGSTON  ���������������������������*H���������������������������#-������������������? ONTARIO  ONTARIO  ARTS  MEDICINE        5PUCATION  APPLIED SCIENCE  Miuing-,  Chemical, Civil, Mechanical and  Electrical  Engineering.  HOME STUDY  Arts  Course   by  correspondence.    **Des'=e  with one year's attendence or four  Slimmer sessions.  | Sammer School     Navigation School  {    July and August December to April  GEO. Y. CHOWN, Roghtrar  ll      '  j 8 Timberlake, Son 4 Co.  Armstrong, 8. Ci  ORaiaaa'aia  &  parage  I PAY CASH for POULTRY   y  and EGGS l;  P2_.one 77  Armstrong, B.C.  Assent for McLaughlin.   Docile and  Chevrolet  Automobiles.  REPAIR WORK-GUARANTEED.  *S  ii  M  Eg  m &  m  BS  E3  f-  -\ m a  Tires, accessories, oil, etc. always on hand. Storage  , Shipments solicited whether IB batteries recharged. Prestolite tanks exchanged.  |!S cV,ay Vveceiln of^oS!       Fairbanks Gas Vgines. J. I. Case Machinery.  at j)reviuung mnrKci ])rices.  ! a  ''-Storage."    Use our free air station  A, ;t'* oAvjrlli AriilStTOIig", i^.v-'.    " ^3j^ascisEK������������������sa_ac5^_cstSB*B__2__e^ THURSDAY, MAY *23, 1918  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  V  v  f  I  1'  tit  (  Progressive Policy in  Loyalty to Home Town  '   Some few years ago a certain | tons last year.    As Canada last  Western town, in tlie course of. year exported 55,000 tons of re-  fined  her  consumption  ���������������������������i   - ���������������������������  sugar  was then 345.000 tons and this  year at 320,000 tons her supply  would he reduced merely by  25,000 tons or 6 per cent, which  would not havc been a severe  hardship upon anybody or  made much disturbance in the  trade. In addition to this outlook the Commission expected  to havc a surplus of 700,000  tons to work on later, of  which Canada's share would  bc 70,000 tons or 10 per cent, so  that before the year was out the  country would havc been supplied, "under former arrangements, with 45,000 tons more  sugar this year than last. Consequently there was no need for  thc Food1 Board placing any restrictions on the consumption  of sugar in this country, in view  of the fact that transatlantic  shipping was so taken up with  othcr more vital cargoes that  space could not be spared for  sugar. Wheat, meat, munitions  and men for the Army are more  imperatively needed in Europe  than even sugar, and there are  not ships enough to carry everything.  It was expected that there  would be shipping enough- in  the coastwise trade of thc U. S  a campaign advertising the  town and district as offering superior attractions for new settlers, laid gr^at sires* upon the  fact ha no business had ever  gone bankrupt there. "Not v.  single business failure has ever  been recorded here," was the  proud boast of the publicity  matter. Today that prosperous  young town is onc of the most  prosperous young cities in the  countrv, while thc farmers of  thc district enjoy many splendid modern advantages, and the  wage earners arc happy and  contented. Town property and  farm lands have gone up to attractive figures, with a lively  demand always in evidence.  Thc secret of thc success ol  this town and district is entirely due to the splendid spirit of  community loyalty that began  with thc pioneers and which  was encouraged and fostered by  thc great majority of tlie newcomers;* These were readily imbued with thc very atmosphere  of home patriotism that abounded on all sides and was so enthusiastically practised.  Tlie point for absorption in  this story, which is told by the  Community  Loyally  League is  that  thcsc"pcoplc realized  that ...^ ���������������������������.���������������������������._   ���������������������������_  -  whatever injured th<S business to bring raw sugar from Cuba  of thc community was a direct and the West Indies to New  injury to every person resident York and other American ports,  therein, because at first of the Owing, however, to the conges-  unfavorable "reflections cast on, tion at thc wharves of the At-  the community as a whole, and railway transportation and the  later because" it was a policy,,lanitc Coast, the breakdown in  that paid good dividends. 1 general and  totally unexpected  In a word, the people of this demand    upon    thc    American  town  realized   that   loyalty   to , transportation system generally  honic  interests   is   progressive,  it has become a difficult matter  owhercas disloyalty to home in- to  move  thc  freight  necessary  terests is retrogressive. !for. this country and  the difU-  Progrcssion means going for- culty has not been overcome.as  ward;��������������������������� retrogression means go- yet. It was hoped that some ar-  ing behind���������������������������and no place and rangement for bringing sugar  no man or woman can stand direct from Cuba to Canadian  still in this age. As individuals ports could havc been effected,  and as communities wc must,but this attempt has had to be  ������������������o cither forward or backward. |dropped. Shipping is not avail-  & If everyone would but rccog-iablc, hence the new sugar regu-  nizc the importance of the in-jlations.  junction that home enterprises  exist and prosper must bc loyally supported, by home people,  how much, happier would be  both our mental and material  state. ���������������������������" ' -  Thc person who. sends away  what is legitimately home  monev isn't doing a community  justice, but sets an example that  others will follow and. in thc  long run. thc practice proves a  disastrous policy for all. It is a  practice that will kiU progress,  deplete employment, lower intrinsic values, discourage industry and divert creative energy.  "On the other hand, nothing is  more praiseworthy." nothing  more profitable, nothing move  patriotic than loyally to the  home merchant and all tbc  home institutions of your community.  Start in today and prove it  for yourself.  O n Fri day, oMay 24th,  (Empire Day)  Visitors to the Enderby Celebration  will have an opportunity  to see this wonderful film story, when it will be shown in the  Enderby Opera House  (Two Performances)  4.00 p.m.-Adults? 35c; Children, 20c  25c  Wm. Fox's Greatest Woman Swimmer and Star, will be  featured in the most Magnificent Cinema Production  "Neptune's  Daughter"  Annette Kellerman is the World's Greatest Water Queen Artist  Played one whole week in Vancouver at $1.00.   Don't miss it.  sjiort of Tonnage  Some surprise has been ex  pressed at the new sugar regu  -)a tions-puMn-f orceJVtayVl st,by_  the Canada Food J3oard.    People wondered whv the sudden  scarcity of sugar, having under  Milk in the Hog Ration  In order lo raise and finish all  thc extra pigs that will be farrowed this year in Canada as,a  result of tlie campaign for increased production,, it will be  necessary to exercise the. utmost economy in thc use of  concentrated foods. Pig raisers  who have access to dairy byproducts have a great advantage over others. Experiments  have proven that when meal is  worth $40 a ton. milK is worth  more than $8 for the same  weight, tbat is, when it is fpd  economically. Experiments carried on at the Pominion Experimental farms and Stations  show that for growing hogs, 60  lbs or over, 400Jbs of slcim mdK  produced results equal to 4.00  lbs of mixed meat. puttenmlk  fed fresh is equal to sHim milk-  Whcv is not so valuable. 100  lbs o'f whey was found equal to  19.2 lbs of milk, provided it is  fed in not too large quantities  and before it has soured-  A study���������������������������ot_experimentsjwith  skim milk show that for young  pigs 1 lb of milk fed with 2 or 3  ������������������;ui-i:������������������v u, ���������������������������B������������������*, i,..v,���������������������������s ������������������������������������������������������������������������_.- lbs of meal gives best results,  stood since thc first of thc year Tor larger hogs less milk may  that the new Cuban crop was j be used. For bogs weighing 1.00  sufficient to supply the wants of i lbs not more than a lbs of skim  this countrv and the United milk should btftcd daily to get  -    ��������������������������� *   ��������������������������� ��������������������������� '���������������������������  '     "     the   greatest   value   Irom   the  milk. ,    .    _  At thc Nova Scotia Agricultural College it was shown that  the best gains were made by  feeding a lot of pig ration composed of .148 lbs of grain, 900  lbs of skim milk, and U0 lbs  of mangels. At the Ontario Agricultural College the best results were obtained where the  proportion of milk to meal was j  2.5 to \.   In one trial in which!  this proportion was used 365 Ibi  of skim milk were equal to 100  lb of meal.    This agrees fairly  closely witb the results secured  at    the    Ottawa    and    Branch  Farms. - ���������������������������    "  In a scries of articles appearing in the May number of the  Agricultural Gazette, both the  Ottawa and Guclph authorities  agree that it does not do to feed  sweet milk and then.'change to  sour milk. For young pigs the  sweet milk is much to^be preferred. For larger pigs it does  not seem to make much difference whether or not it is ted'  sweet or moderately sour, provided whatever condition used  is uniformly kept up, that is to  say, iC the milk cannot always  be obtained sweet, it should be  fed sour as a rule,  jteij Triangle Campaign  According to reports from V.  ty. C. A. headquarters, the  amounts raised in Canada in  the recent campaign for $2,2o0,-  000 places the total at nearer  three million. Pritish Columbia's quota of $}0p,000 has been  obtained.  The totals announced tins  ^TOk^aWf^Pritisb^Golumbiay  aB9B838Bffi88jg-  ������������������ CORftfcSPONDENCE 88  SB .      , ' "*    ������������������ 88  States, whatever might be the  condition in Europe where Java  sugar was cut off owing fo war  conditions.  The situation in this country  has materially changed since  the first of the year. At that  time the International Sugar  Commission of New York, that  bandies the raw sugar of this  continent, allocating and distributing the amounts to Canada and the United States, as  well as other countries, considered that there was sufficient  sugar in Cuba to allow Canada  320,000 tons as against 400.000  $100,000; Alberta, $192,000 Sas  kalchcwon, $284,000; Manitoba,  m0,000: Ontario, $1,430,000',  Quebec. $493,000; New Eruns-  wick. $110,000; Nova Scotia,  $99,000. and Prince Edward  island, $12,000.  'Teen age boys who started  out to organize six thousand  bovs who would earn and give  $10 each have also been entirely successful. Incomplete returns show Ontario with 2,5/4;  Alberta, 590; Saskatchewan,  1443; Manitoba, 1,264; Quebec,  250; Npva Scotia, 627; New  Brunswick, 350; Prince Edward  island, 57: British Columbia,  400. Tliis makes a total of 7,-  752, or $7/,520, and is m addition to the amount collected in  the men s campaign.  /We Keep a Good Supply of  ChicK Food & Remedies  Baby Chick in pkgs. or bulk at 7c per lb.  Chick Developer at 6c per lb.  Special for this week in Pickles  Sweet Gherkins, regular 30c per,lb. for 25c  Sweet Mixed, reg. 30c, for ��������������������������� ���������������������������    ^c  'PHONE48  Bell Block, Enderby  J4ve Towns and Bead Onw  A newspaper is an index of  the community it represents, an  exchange says. When it is filled  with local ads, the world at a  distance is liable to come with  its money, for generosity and  progress attract those with sun-  llar ideas. When a paper has  a lean army of ads within its  columns tlie world sighs, and  says, "That poor town is dead  or dying, let us send a bunch of  flowers to the funeral."  To the Editor of the Commoneh: j  I have jusl read your humorous'  description of the last ship-;  ment of pigs. Vou certainly!  get all the frills on: |>ut you didn't,  state the price. "With your pernm-j  sion J would like to say a few'  words on that item. Thc price was J  19% centsfand was satisfactory to  evervhodv as far as f could learn.  However, when we received our  cheque we found that V\ of a cent  hacl been deducted; so that we got  19 %-cents and bad to let imagination account for the other quarter  of a cent. A clear case of camouflage.   ' *. .     ' .  Now this was something new to  me. This was my first hand in the  game since coming to 3- C., Jntf J  was a regular shipper in the East  for forty years, and this is the -first  time J ever.saw such a thing done,  or heard of it heing done, po.the  farmers realize that they are paying a commission (a good stifF one,  too) for the privilege of selling  their hogs?  It is true, the commission man is  self-appointed and levies whatever  tax-suits.him.-One .seldom.hcars_or  a more glaring imposition. In com-  paring notes with two of my neighbors we find ourselves victims to  the extent of seven dollars on fourteen hogs. A fourth of a cent don.t  look hig, hut it's big enough to net  Mr. Murray $75 or so on the bunch  of hogs, and I am told that this  scheme has heen worked for six  months or better, and if this is the  sixth shipment since the new year  it amounts to a lol o'f easy money  Tor somebody. ...  The most amazing thing to me is  that the farmers in this municipality, I presume nearly all of whom  are raising pigs or should be doing  so) bave allowed themselves to be  held up in this fashion. . No wonder the farmer is considered an  easy mark. Such a game would not  have been tried on a lot of business  m* want to say that I .haven't a  particle or Hl-will . against Fred  Murray; he is all right; it is his  methods I am kickmg about- If he  is working for P. Burns, & Co. let  him look to V. Hums & Co. for his  pay, for be hasn't the shadow of a  right to take it out of the farmer.  I have vet the man to find who considers it the right thing to do. A  man told me a few days ago that  the more he thought 'about it the  worse it looked! and I think that  will be the verdict of anyone who  allows himself to think.  Thanking you  for space.  J. H. Patten.  P. PRHP  fleal p������������������(������������������t������������������ ������������������������������������4 ln������������������w<we* A������������������ent.  Auctioneer wwl W"������������������ S������������������������������������+ M������������������m������������������������������������  TEECE & SON,  Evil thoughts are the cause of  the present racket in thc world.  They make hell while good ones  make heaven and keep us thero.  And Qftwr PatriQtlc toliM*  ATTENTION I  A lew PoJJw. inye������������������ed in "Arctic Velvet Prend Ice Cream" can  be turned into moie than On* Hw������������������W Per Cent. Profit  "Arctic VcM Br**4 Ice Cr?#m" i������������������ fade right here at home  from pwe sweet cream end pure ingredient! from the toed recipe of one  of the largest ice cream m������������������n������������������MuTer������������������ in Canada and it u made by a  man who KNOWS.   Yon mi* tatfe "Arctic VtWet Prand Ice  Crcum* to know wM g������������������������������������������������������l ������������������c������������������ cream is.  We will be pleased to emote price* to Patriotic Societies, dealers or  private partie* on qwanhtiei large or small for delivery on short   notice  r any day during the season  Northern Okanagan Creamery Ass'n.  Armstrong:, B. C.  Okanagan Commoner, Subscribe Now Two Dollars a year *  OKANAGAN  COMMONER  THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918  ������������������feanacjau Commoner  i   -which   is   merged   tho   Armslrong-   Advertiser  Enderby Press.  and  ublishcd   everv  Thursday  at  Armstrong,  a  vear,  bv  Wai.kku  &  Cahy.  B.C.,  at  H.  M. Wai.kkh,  Editor &, Manager.  \d vcrtising  tion, 25c  vcrtising,  rates: Transient, 40c an inch first inser-  caeh subsequent insertion. Contract ad-  $1 an inch per month.  THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918  name and i'or lhc good of thc farmers thenisclvcs,  quit knocking.  Any fanner who will complain about paying  a coiumisssion of a quarter of a cent a pound on  pig bringing li)1/* cents on thc hoof is," in our way  ul thinking, mighty hard up for something to  kick- ahout. The. Commoner does not wish to  discourage" criticism. We would encourage il.  But let ns have honest criticism, not' merely  "knocking" the man who is doing things.  __*__  cty -_Sd[o__ii:_tiL ������������������*>x_Lcl."^o.le  TRUE CONSERVATION  WHY NOT?  According to  lhe statement of an authority bc-  rorc the conference of Indian workers in Vah-  -ouvcr recently,   llu re i-ip 10,000  more Indians  n Canada today than there were twenly-five  .ears ago. It is clear that the Indians are not dying out.   They have no intention of allowing the  ace to be snuffed out. This has been patent to  "nvonc having sufficient interest in the mailer to  tudy thc annual reports of the Department of  ."ndian affairs.  Then whv is il the Dominion government con-  ���������������������������inues its half-hear led policy in dealing with the  :ndian problem?    Why not  inaugurate  a policy  education   and    development    lhat   will   get  somewhere, instead of" following up lhc mistakes  f thc pasl and perpetuating the inellicient policy  which has been in vogue these many years?   We  ipeak morc. particularly wilh rgard to thc handling of our British Columbia Indians. We under-  tan d that farther easl a more advanced system  'ias been inaugurated, wilh excellent results. But  "n Brilish Columbia the Indian policy of thc government is a joke insofar as effectiveness goes.  The Indians  are  allowed  to hold   thousands  of  ���������������������������teres of the mosl valuable land and do nothing  with it.    Here and  there,  to bc fair, an Indian  r two makes thc exception  lo the rule.    They  xisl as leeches on lhc land.    Nothing more. ,  These reserve lands arc under thc supervision  f  a  superintendent   of"  Indian   affairs   and,an  /ndian agent,..who visit the Indians from time to  '.me."   Wc  give  them   no  schools;   no  resident  gent to look after  lhcir interests;   no medium  .  hrough   --which   they  might   sell   their   produce  ere they to raise it.   .11* the government is going  lo handle lhc Indian problem why not handle il  ith  some eflicicncy?    Why  not do  something  or, lhc Indian?=  Wc havc only lo look into tlie  -roblem as it is handled in the Stales to thc-south  !" us to sec whal might bc possible IiCm-c.    There  hey havc three Indians to our onc, or 275,000 to  Canada's 100,000.    Schools arc provided for the  ndian children  on-thc reserves, and a resident  ;gcnt superintends and directs all farming opcra-  :.ons, the marketing of produce, and the supply-  ig of the needs of* thc inhabitants of the reserve.  "ncler������������������lhis system   lhc Indians  rapidly  develop  - ncl make good students and sonic of them first;  lass farmers.  THE FARMER AND HIS BUSINESS  oi  Practices that would kill a nation cannol  cause a community to thrive. Wc must have loyalty to thc home commimily if we would make  our boasted loyalty'to-the empire effective. It is  the. sheerest folly to -talk one thing and practise  another?' It will get us nowhere. We are living  in a period oVconservation and economy. Those  men and women, who have heretofore given hut  superficial thought to where they buy their merchandise will do well to pause and ponder well  thc situation.  There was as much basic need for community  loyally ten or twenty years ago as there������������������is today;  but never before were the facts so strongly emphasized. Nowadays, thc blood-red lesson's "being  scared inlo thc very souls of the men and women  of many nations is  lhat superficial impressions  must hc flung aside while avc pierce our vision  through lo ultimate results   Those of superficial  vision can havc no place of weight or power iu.  these stirring times when the traditions and ambitions of all nations arc seething in the terrible  crucible���������������������������they must give place, both at thc battle  front and in thc legislative hiills, to Ihosc serious,  farsighled intellects which realize that lhe country's problems can never be solved by anv "flash-  in-the-pan" methods.   When a nation's existence  is at slake, that nation faces ils most terrifying  crisis, and the most drastic measures are imperative.  When a community fails in its duly to itself  by a lack of home loyally, an economic crisis i.s  precipitated lhat must result in one of two things:  immediate reform or ultimate disaster.    This is  an age of ultimate results���������������������������and it is an age for  the keenest economy.    Loyally to home institutions  is   the  keenest  economy any  community  can practise. Thc habit of spending"home money  away from home is false economy and a coin-  munity disloyalty whose  ultimate result is  unpleasant to contemplate.    Should a nation  ticc such   a    habit   it   would wery   shortly  wrecked on the shoals of industrial"ruin.  Thc nation or thc community that, spends all  the money possible at home will" sland firm upon  the rock of '      '  - - ���������������������������  COMMENCES ON SATURDAY 25th  AND EXTENDS TO THE END OF MAY  SPECIAL   WEEK   END   PRICES   AND   CLEAN  UP   BARGAINS  HERE ARE A FEW FOR WHICH   YOU   CAN   SEND   YOUR ORDERS BY MAIL  7  YARDS   FOR   $1.00 ~  . Soft Weave White Flannelette,  28-in wide.  $4.50   MARKED  TO   $1.95  Ecru and Cream Curtains, lace  edge and insertion borders.  PRICE lie YARD  Check Tea Towellings; strong  quality; Imported direct  from England.  FOR "98c  Huge purchase of Ladies'  Waists, Organdies, Voiles,  Lawns,  Etc;   sizes   to  24  in.  MAY SPECIAL in Men's Suits  $35.00 Values for $25.00���������������������������Big  opportunity for men to  secure high-grade suits; perfect filling, in Brown and  grey mixtures; also plain  grey worsted; all sizes.  50c MARKED TO 29c per yard  Many  pieces   of   Chintz  in  all  colorings; 36-in wide.  FOR $1.49  Big selection of colors in Petticoats;   deep, frill;   Mon th-end  Special.  SHOES  $3.98  Pair  Girl's   and  Ladies'   Black   Craven ette Boots; lace marching  heel; all sizes.  Men's Big Boot Special, $4.95 pr  100 pairs of Gunmctal Bluchers  in   strong  sole  and  heel;   all  sizes; Black Calf uppers.  MAIL ORDER DEPARTMENT  Use our Mail Order Department.   Samples sent on request.   Express or postage paid  _     on all parcels except Groceries, Hardware, Carpet and Linoleum.  "      - SPECIAL OFFER  Our Anniversary was such a big success we havc decided to make   another    for   our  ���������������������������   AloiiUi-l.net Sale.    We will pay your fare onc way on purchases     (except    Groceries)  amounting to $10.00, either from Armslrong or Enderby  QiifTmdsons  INCORPORATED 1670  HERBERT E.SURBIDGE STORES COMMISSIONER  Mail Order  Department H.  VERNON, B. C.   BRITISH COLUMBIA INTERIOR STORE  prac-'best method was a combination in which dyna-  be mite was used to break up stumps after or before thc pullers pulled them.  .'The State legislature of Wisconsin, its interest aroused by the University's demonstrations,  settlers  ump-land in  Wisconsin to buy  true economy and  true patriotism, j recently passed a law making it easier for j  wJiiic others, grasping for some imaginary, im- und owners of slump-land in Wisconsin  mclnilc  saving,  will slowly hut surely crumble! powder or stump-pulling equipment wilh which j owner ol'such land.   The unprecedented dcnionri  tmay upon thc sands o!  commercial dissipation, j to clear.   Under certain condilions, thc Stale will,Tor abnormal quantities 61* ibodsliifls at nbnor-  which the new Land Banks were organized in  many localities, and these banks also make it  easier for farmers to obtain funds with which to  clear stump-land will ever present itself to the  farms more extensively.  "Probably no morc favorable opportunity to  clear skimp-land will ever prcscn  ilsclf to' the  In the correspondence column of this issue  he, Commoner) will be found a letter from Mr. J.  '. Patten. Mr. Patten criticises the methods fol-  Avcd by himself and other fanners in the selling  f their hogs, taking as an example the lasl shipment sent from Armstrong-by Mr. Fred Murray;  "r. Pa Item says he is kicking about Mr. Murray's  Ncthods, but iii reality hc is nol. What hc really.  '"aws attention to is thc method followed by  imsclJ' and fellow farmers. He says thc method  ? bad. And because it is bad hc must find a  "apegoat and he picks unon Mr. Murray, the  ne man in thc deal who in our opinion should  2 free from criticism. I ������������������ -��������������������������� ������������������������������������������������������ - -  There is absolutely nothing to prevent Mr: Pal-1     Without wishing lo talk politics; or to reflect  .ii buying up thc farmers' hogs, gathering them  unjustly upon thc policy of thc existing provin  If you desire a  stick to loyal, thriving methods. Every person  making his living in a community: whether on  the farm or in the store, ollice, workshop or factory, depends for his success upon lhc success of  the community. None of these persons is independent���������������������������all arc interdependent. If you injure  your community you injure yourself.  The business man must realize this just as  fully as the farmer or the artisan, and no merchant is true lo his community who steps outside  for labor or material lhat can be locally supplied  any morc than is lhc person who has developed  lhe,metropolitan "catalog craze." Days are'upon  us when people think���������������������������arc forced to'think. Let  there be a little morc honest thinking  niunity loyally lines. "  community, you must place orders lor dynamite, usually purchased in mally high and profitable prices offers the chance  per.  Cc  thev  along com-  LAND CLEARING POLICY  and shipping them out in carload lots as Mr  "urray has been doing; nothing but-the willing-  ess to do so.    And if hc would do,,so we do not  a clicve there is a farmer in the. districl worthy  '^hc Tiunic AV,1������������������ would hegiuidgc him 50 cents per  ; og for dpin������������������ tbe work and taking the risk that  V how done imd taken J.))' Mv- Murray.    But, of  c nirsc. Mr. Patten, to iiku his tnVll breed of logic,  :r hog for doing  \-\ r. H. t ���������������������������m   "  ;cial  governmcnl,  thc Commoner would like to  ask why British Columbia cannot inaugurate a  land-clearing policy ������������������hat will enable lhc settler  to get more land under cultivation?  Wc havc lecturers following each othcr around  thc country telling us how necessary il is to have  more   production; ..others   tumbling   over   each  olher m thoir anxiety to tell thc people to cat  wouldn't  take that 50 wills per hog for doing J,11 ore Iish nnd save bacon; others to show our  V.c work.    He would do it for nothing. |iarmors how to farm; and slill others who write  We have had too much, of this same brand oFiP4,Scs ������������������f stl,ff Io thc press urging conservation  " .-iticism In Uic past for the good of lhe district. | methods al^, ���������������������������]', jjnCs.  ^ he writer has been closely in touch with every | Bill ill ttll.thls inen;V scramble of intellects and  ���������������������������'"ovemcirt started in the Afrnslroiu^nd^rhy tfjs_| lidkOrs, We "have no effective legislation hrought  ict for a decade and a half, and tlie same tlliiVg ,d6wU that would make thc task easier.   Wc have  hundreds-ol-thousands-oL acres ..oLJand.. vet  Enderby Patriotic Fund  The treasurer of thc Enderby  Canadian Patriotic Fund acknowledges the following contributions received since publication of thc last list:  C.  B.  Winter    $10.00  If.   IE.   Mowat       -2.00  K.   J.   Coltarl        G.00  Mrs.   James     S. .       1.00  M.   R.   Gibbs   . . . .     24.00  Adams         1.00  Miss  F.  A.  ������������������44.00'  About 100 tons of cucumbers  will be. grown at Mission City  this year.  NORTHERN  OKANAGAN  FARMERS' INSTITUTE  Wheat, Manger and Garden Competitions���������������������������  -.     Five prizes: $10.00, $8.00, $6.00,  $4:00,.. $2.00,  and   Silver  Medal in each competition.    Also   Silver   Challenge    Cup Tor0  Wheat, and Mangels. . ������������������  Wheat plot not less than 1  acre. -      .      0  - Mangel plot not less than 1-4 acre.  Farm Garden not less than 1000 square feel.  Entrance Fee, $1.00;  received up to June 101b by the Secretary. ��������������������������� ' .  Must havc 10 entries for Government grant iu each Competition.  C. W. LITTLE, Scc-Trcas.   --        -  Mara, B. C  1  )Ve have for sale:-   f  ���������������������������m^   -%.id sell  theii* hogs, or whatever else it may  hemsclves.   or   through   their   organization,  .���������������������������ill sell through private buyers, commission men  nd then expeel lhe.se commission men lo do the  uying and selling and shipping for them for no-  '.iing.  There is nothing lo prevent the farmers whose  implainl.s Mr. Patten presumes to voice formul-  ting their own selling organization and handling  "leir own business. Noihing bul the willingness  ) do so.  Mr. Murray has adopted the besl method pos-  ;blc under the circumstances. Mc has encour-  gcd our farmers in a practical way lo get inlo  ie hog business. He has taken hold and gathered  ie hogs in. shipping them oul in carload lots.  !e bas paid the farmers two and three cents a  'ountl more for their hogs than any other buyer  ���������������������������pcrating in" lhc district would* payf. lie has made  " nustrong the selling center for lhe farmers of  "ie Arnislrong-En.dcrby district. Mr. Patten's is  he .fir-st_-.complaint. avc have heard, from any  ->urce abpul Mr. Murray's methods.  Wc have'herc thc finest district in Canada,  ossibiiilies are only scratched. We haven't  ' cgun   lo  produce   the quantities   the  dislric  lpable.of-producing.   We need to adopt the  lods it is possi  the men he say  lod  for selling  and   earn  ive belter  results  in I is lhe method  ie  IK  ie  ii gu rail  hie  lo  evolve.  s he speaks for  hogs and  ���������������������������   il   oul  lhan  Mr.  lhe dislrii  villi il.    n- 11  jnder  exislim  lere   is   no   bel  Tis  vet  I   is  lies I  lien  Iter  in-  will  Murrav's  mo!hod   -  t should have.    Oul  er   nielhod   possible  If Mr.   i  know a  a  }e  are prepared  lo  i   melhod   lhal  circumstances,   then   in heaven's  be :Wc   have   officialism   increasing   by   leaps   and  jH1( bounds, until we arc now levying a surtax lo pay  thc   tremendous  increase  in   salaries   to  newly-  made  commissioners and  deputy ollicials,  and  not a line in the law bevoks or a dollar in the bank  to help in a practical wav.  Why shouldn't we follow the 'example of thc  stale of Wisconsin?    "The cost of clearing land  must be paid  bill once,  whereas  the profit derived from it will go steadily on through generations.    Cleared  land is  virgin  soil  which   for  years after the clearing and 'taming' Avill yield  bum pen crops, with  minimum  expense for fertilization.    Expend!lures   for  land   clearing  arc  permanent investments that will be lu'riYed over  many times in profitable crops ........  "In "Wisconsin there are still thousands of  acres o'f very fertile cut-over land. With its  usual 'commendable enterprise, tlie University  set about to see what could be done to get more  of. this land cleared and under'���������������������������cultivation, and  in the spring .of 1916, before the/ United States  had entered the war, sent out an agricultural engineer to locate points for large public land-  clearing demonstrations. The University organized a demonstration crew- and obtained the'co-  opera lion of three railroads operating in the Stale  lo run trains over iheir roads with a view of  showing the sclllers how to clear their land.  "Several 'manufacturers of- stump-pullers  Iheir demonstrators show  clearing.    Up lo lhal lime  hirers and the slump-puller men had regarded  themselves as hitler competitors. The University,  however,  pruved  that  thev were really co-  i c-  a  &.  OAIS  m  GRASS ANP  VEGETAPlfS.  All Government Tested  William McN������������������ir  Armetrong. 3,M  5  o  ���������������������������o<  iheir   ���������������������������.methods  he powder manu  lad  of  ';) c-  Corponition of the City of  Armstrong  COURT OF REVISION  PUBLIC NOTICE is hereby  given that ihe Court of Revision  for the above municipality will be  held in the City Hall, Armstrong,  on Monday, May 27th, at 7.30 p.m.,  when all complaints against the  assessment will be heard. ���������������������������  Anv person having any complaint, against his or her assessment must give written notice  ���������������������������thereof to the assessor, stating his  or her grounds of complaint, nt  least ten" (10) clear days previous  lo Ihe dale of thc sitting of lhe  Court of Revision. *  EHNF.ST GROVES.  City Clerk  Dated this 19th. day of April,  1918.  Forethought applied  to your  telephone orders  will largely aid  the merchant ancl incidentally bet-  ^ter-your^tolephone'service:  A Good Rule��������������������������� for mornwp  delivery place your order*  during the afternoon of t|*e  day before.  Two benefits will accrue to yen  if this rule ie observed.  1. Your orders receive more careful  attention from business houses if the  day's activities can be planned the clay  before.  2. Your telephone service  will be improved, since the afternoon service is less hampered rush periods than in the  morning.  Your thoughtful compliance  will bc an example for others  OKANAGAN  TELEPHONE  CO.  S^__*_2S^������������������i������������������3__.  EMPIRE DAY AT ENDERBY EMPIRE DAY AT ENDERBY  operators, for the i'act was developed  that  the Congress oi' the United Stales enacted laws under i] W'  I;;.THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  5  Boys in France Write  to Trench Comfort  ;   The   ladies   of   thc   Enderbj^  /trench Comfort Club arc in receipt   of   the   folllowing  letters  '.'/rom our boys "somewhere in  ^France."  ,'. Pte. D. M. Cowan writes as follows: "Your parcel just received  it md again wish to extend my  (hanks to your valuable club and  ids many members. Same arrived  f.n A 1 shape and each article was  highly appreciated by myself and  phums. Home comforts are always  welcome for it really shows the  'vindness of our dear friends at  tionie. We arc having fine weather  ��������������������������� low and as you know we arc very  i.msy over here in France at the  6resent time."  S. II. Allcorn senus lhe following  under date of April  4th:   "Just to  '������������������������������������������������������{.hank    you    and    the   many   kind  friends for the fine parcel received  . m   good   condition   and   much   ap-  |/predated and to let you know that  'j am all O. K.    I have so far been  rjaicky not to havc even a scratch.  I,The winter has  not been  too  bad  ':it all and we got along pretty fair.  -'f am afraid I have not much news  [Vis things are so-so.   We a're looking  .Forward to the time to come when  we can  all   go  back  to  you  good  people.    I havc not heard anything  I of Jimmy Green lately, hut the last  Villi������������������ I heard hc was all  right.    I  L'hnve tried to look up Alf Castle several times and can't seem to locate  hi ni.    I have learned  that-he has  IV'one in for a commission; I should  I,[ike to see him, for it is a long time  (./since I last saw him.   I am glad lo  say that wife and all at home are  fine and  hope the time is not too  "far   in   thc   future   before   we   can  I/come over and see you folks. I ajn  [oxpecling a leave one of these days  soon now.   I was on my way once,  {but had to-come back so T did not  see them.    I don't think J have any  I'more   to   say'   this   lime   as   there  seems to be little of interest and I  [,/liave had no news myself lately.    I  'hope this will find you and the kind  i.ladies of thc club in the very besl  'jof health."        *   ';    Pte. J. Bell writes as follows: "I  have  received  the  parcel  sent   out  ,by the Club.    Am verv grateful to  be remembered in such a practical  'nvay.   The .selection of the contents  /show   very   good   judgement   as   to  iwhat-would  please a Canadian   in  .(France.    Although we have plenty  (of good ^wholesome food, there arc  li'niany   everyday   things   which   we  "/would miss very much, were it not  !:l'or such kind clubs as lhe Comfort  {Club   and   friends   wc  left   behind.  '1  would  personally thank the lady,  .(who   baked   my   cake   a.s  il   surely  Masted  Canada  from thc first piece  |! to the last crumb."   ��������������������������� , I  I.I   ������������������   I  ������������������������������������������������������    And-   this    from    "Sid"    Green:'  |./-'Please accept my many thanks for,  ijlhe parcel; which I received today.  h'l can assure you the contents were  I'Very acceptable,  and  T greatly ap-  Kpredate your kindness." -     |  cakes, etc. which can't be got everv  day in France. It is also good to  know lhat the folks in our home  lown still keep us in mind."  Share British Wheat  it..-  .   Beals writes lo  "dear  a.s   follows:   "Am   just  few   lines ..to   Jet   you  Sgt. T. A  everyone,"  propping   a  know Ural I received a very nice  'box from thc Comfort Club. Accept  hiv thanks'for socks (home made),  The ladies of the Armstrong  Trench Comfort have received  the following acknowledgements: /  S. C. Harris writes to the Armstrong Soldiers' Home Comfort  Club a.s follows:  "I am wriling to thank you for  the lovely parcel which reached  me in good shape. Everything was  very much appreciated."  Gunner Wilks Hunter writes:  "Your parcel arrived in good condition just in time for Sunday dinner. Words cannot express our  gratitude for the magnificent work  your club is doing for thc boys out  here. I have met several of the  local boys lately. All are in good  health and spirits."  Ernest J. Hawes sends the following appreciative note: "Very  many thanks for your parcel of  Feb. 13th, which reachctd me a  few days ago. The contents were  greatly appreciated by myself and  a few friends."  o    ���������������������������^���������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  Armstrong Red Cross Notes  Wcdncdsay, May 29th, the  regular monthly business meeting .and tea will bc held in the  Red Cross rooms.  Show your interest in the Red  Cross work by being present, if  possible: Never before in the  history of thc war havc our men  and boys needed our active cooperation and help so much as  they do now. This we can best  do by supplying them with material comforts. Wc should not  for one moment forget the seriousness of our responsibilities.  Wc should not forget that wc,  too, havc our part to < play in  winning the war. Perhaps no  better way of realizing the  growth of the Red Cross work  in B.C. can bc found than by.  comparing the first shipment of.  our case. from Vancouver in  September, 1914, containing 4  scarfs, 240 pairs socks; 24  towels and 2 undcrvests, with  that sent out in March, 1918,  which comprised 157 cases, 82  of which were hospital supplies,  74 field comforts and onc sailors' comforts, included in which  were 1,806 py.jama suits, the  greatest number yet sent in one  -month, ��������������������������� 822 personal property  properly bags, 1,356 stretcher  caps and the splendid number  of 9,168 pairs of- socks. -The  total value of this shipment is  placed at $12,877.10.  TO LOAN���������������������������Two grey Rabbits. Apply to Box  145, Enderby.  We   have   shipped   much   of  our precious wheat to the Italians and French and we must  face  thc fact  lhat  this has altered   conditions   so   that   thejr  !conceivably may-'become acute  iin the Uniled Kingdom.    Unless  ! thc people of Canada  and the  Uniled States sped up their production of food supplies the Aliics may find it very difficult to  cany this war on to that conclusion which will mean a permanent peace.  Don't forget to sec Charlie  Chaplin in 'The Vagabond" at  thc Avalon Theatre, Armstrong,  Monday, May 27th. Matinee for  children at 4 p. m.  Paper dipped in coal oil and  rolled will serve to heat soup or  coffee while camping.  :m_4\j.\aa.A\A  _rg_WWX������������������_--\  _wwmrw\rww\^^  1 MUNRO & CO.,   ARMSTRONG  I     GOING OUT OF BUSINESS  The Dry Goods values at this money-saving   sale deserve   theclosest study.    No   such  opportunity is likely to  occur again.     Many people are socking up for     12    months  ahead. Don't delay if you have not visited the sale.    The   goods    are   going   fast.  31  XX  >()<  >o<  II  a Birthday Presents (I  I  u  For the   Baby, Boy, Girl,  Father, Mother or Friend.  Our selection is   varied  so that your wants  are complete.  ^ Subscription  taken   for  all newspapers at  publishers' rate.  I E. T. ABBOTT  "  Drugs. Stationery and  "     Tobacco.  ARMSTRONG, B.C.  I  0  0  1  0:  AVALON  LEE MORRIS. Prop.  Another Big Winner  CHARLIE CHAPLIN  "THE  VAGABOND"7  Monday,  May  21th  A laugh  in every scene.    Also  MARJORIE   BAMBEAU   in "The Debt." ���������������������������  Children's Matinee at 4. p.m.  'Wednesday Night  "A  MAN FROM MONTANA"  Fealuring- the Cowboy' Actor,-  NEAL HART ' ���������������������������>  Friday   Night���������������������������Empire  Day  Special Motion  Picture Show  Regular Prices  Saturday���������������������������Matinee  and Night  The  Great  Serial  "THE MYSTERY SHIP"  Fourth   Episode  "The Secret of the. Tomb"  A. P. MDN AVMT & Co  K!  PfCIA  lien's tan canvass work shoes, rubber soles, very  strong;   usual price,  $3.50  and  $3.25,      _.   today���������������������������.-.......-.-.-....-..-.-....,.-.-. ..-$3.00_.and -$2.75_  Infants white and tan kid slippers at     35c pair  "So Cosy" kid shoes al . .75c prSandals at    95c pr  Macfarlanc's Fal Baby Shoes for plump children.  Broken lines in children's shoes at   half to-day's values  Infant's white strap shoes, Macfarlanc's make   65c pr  Pure wool vests, fine quality, all sizes, from    85c  Jaeger's pure wool cashmere socks, cream and black, for..35c  Children's fine mercerised lisle hose, pink and sky, for 25c pr  White and tan ribbed" and plain hose for   25c pr  A few dozen only pure wool cashmere hose,  tan,  worth  75c;  for    '.    45c  pr  Infant's white muslin dresses      25c  Paper Diapers 25c pk. Silk-covered   Comforters. $1.45  Girl's Swiss Ribbed Cotton Combinations, worth today, 75c; all  sizes for       50c suit  BARGAINS  White Flannelette, .15c~20c yd  Bleached stiped huckaback, 20c.  Roller Towelling at 15c yd  Heavy Turkish bath mats..85c  .Table Damask from...  35c yd  Hemmed Tea Cloths. .2 for 25c  Hemmed table napkins.... 15c  one dozen    $1.65  IN  STAPLES  Circular  Pillow  Cotton   46-in.      40c yd  Bleached sheeting, 72-in, 45c yd  Turkish Towels  2 for 25c  Pillow Cases      Fringed Dam. Towels, 2 for 35c  White Nainsook, . .6 yds for $1  Wide tucked Lawn at .. 19c yd  WOMEN'S   CASHMERE   HOSIERY  Summer-weight    50c  Medium-weight    r 75c  Dr. Jaeger's light & heavy,'" 95c '  It  will  pay  to  buy  Cashmere  : Hosiery right now.  Some lovely, fine embroideries. 18-in wide for 25c yd  Hair Ribbons at 12%c & 15c yd  Rubber Gloves, seamless,2"for spraying work, worth $1, for 50c  Colored Lisle Gloves, at 25c     Black, and white .... 35c & 50c  STANDARD  SEWING MACHINE ��������������������������� In    good    order;    used  slightly in slore; worth $39.00, for   : $22.50  A. Munro & Co.. Armstrong  g.aaaag[ZJ33BBB  Hay and Clover Meadows  About IT p.c. of tlie area  under hay and clover is reported as winter-killed, as compared with 9 p.c. last year. Thc  condition in percentage of the  standard   representing   a   full  crop is ,84 for all ^ Canada as  compare! with 86 last year. For  the provinces -the percentages  are as follows: Maritime'provinces 92-96; Quebec 86; Ontario 78; Manitoba 70;- Saskatchewan, Alberta and British  Columbia 90-95.  tcr ego'?  What is the meaning'of''al-  asked thc teacher of  the beginners' class ih Latin.  "It means Uhc other I'," responded a pupil. ���������������������������    ..  "Give mc a sentence containing the phrase." .  "He winked his 'alter ego'.''  ;'V  ri  Boy's tan   canvass   work   shoes,   rubber soles,  usual price, $2.65; today  $2.30  Men's white canvass Oxfords, leather strapped,  sizes 8 and 9; usual price, $145; today. .$140  "Men's  white  canvass  Oxfords;  a  dressy  shoe;  usual pj-icc, $2.50; today  $1.95  Men's striped cambi'ic shirts  75c  Men's linen collars, 10c each; 6 for 50c  Men's Work Socks  25c up  Men's Work Socks 35c or 2 pr. for 65c  Men's Work Socks 40c or 2 pr for 75c  Men's union overalls, black & white stripe drill 3 25  MHfS SUITS MADE TO MEASURE  We have taken over the agency of the two High-Class Tailoring "Houses of HOBBERLIN  and the ART CLOTHING CO.     Call and see our samples.       Prices   from   $25.00   up.  SS������������������������������������tf  i ���������������������������- tn i ���������������������������  To yowr Interest as wed as  oiirs.  On ancT&fWT}unels-frwe  intend to 4o business on a  strictly cash basis. We  have coupon books xhat  you can purchase at a discount of 5 per cent, which  means a saving to you an4  protection    to    ourselves  ^^SEBMXSMXXSCenEfM  UUt^-WK^I IIMIlUJieKSSP  9  i  m������������������ i win i' ii-"''''r.T,1'^1*1**"'."  ^  3  Armstron  arrce  H  EB00EEBEHBBBBra^ V  OKANAHAN   COMMONER  THURSDAY. MAV  <<!>  1918  ���������������������������''  P  I  J'"1  I  I.';  hi  Ir-  I?  Ir.Ml  Trench Warfare on the Italian Front  Showing system of trenches familiar to the fighting men, where the next offensive may come  Question of Peace  Soon to be Known  Arthur S. Draper in the Van-1 lively, but Ludendorf is still in-  couvcr Daily Province says that | active. A possible explanation  a few weeks hence we shall,is that he is holding back until  know whether peace will come * the Austrians  launch  their  at-  this year or whether the war  wall stretch oul ..over many  years. Super-optimists already  pretend to sec signs of thc collapse of the enemy, militarily,  economically and financially,  but those best informed on lhc  general condilions within the  Gcrman Empire look for a long  and desperate struggle.  V "America is thc salvation of  the Grand Alliance. Although  the Germans are preparing another powerful drive against  cthc British their calculations  go much further and include  thc Americans.  "I believe Germany will bit  harder and longer than she did  at the beginning of lhe campaign. Her first drive was a big  gamble. Her second effort will  have less of the clement bf  chance in it and she will depend  more ou superior weight.  VLudcndorf ywill hit difiercnl-  iy in May than he did in March.  His strategy will be different  from y;hat it was two months  ago, when the weather was al-  . ways likely to prove his enemy.  In March and April hc hit wildly because he figured on a lucky  knockout blow. In May and  June he will slug continuously  in hope of weakening the Allied defense.  "Not only Britain but France  and Italy will feel the forcc of  the enemy's blows.  "Although thc French and  Brilish armies view the coming  onslaught with confidence, it  would bc wrong to underestimate thc tremendous blows  . they must meet within the ncxt  few weeks. The manpower problem is thc vital question today.  None can say whal thc ncxt few  weeks will bring forth.   - -���������������������������The. guns.-thunder  continu-  ously from the sea to thc Alps,  with the sectors around Arras,  Albert   and   Amiens   especially  SELl YOUR  lack. Another is.that hc hopes  to attack in clear weather.  "Thc American troops will  have their chance., Foch, Haig  and Pctain only wish there  were morc of them. Thc ncxt  phase of the 1918 campaign will  prove to bc thc real test, ami  not until after it will there be  any thought of peace among the  Entente naiions.  "Speakings for the government Austen Chamberlain gave  utterance to the feeling of thc  British when hc said that the  cabinet was not. indifferent to  peace, but that it considered it  of the infants born now rests a  double burden���������������������������that which  lhcy would have grown to recognize as their own, and that  laid down by those who have  died in war before lhcy had a  chance to make their contribution to the world's welfare. The  place of these young men has  to bc filled, their work done,  their responsibilities carried, by  others���������������������������not by the old, already  bowed, but by thc children of  tomorrroRV. The, thought enhances im measurably even the  high degree of importance and  esteem in which infant life is  held in civilized communities.  For nearly two ycars precccd-  ing the war Australia had paid  a quarter of a million dollars a  month in bounties to mothers,  at the rate of $25 for every child  born. In Britain, a mere recognition of the duty and VidiiO of  such a bonus has bOiiil liiadc, in  idle to discuss it until after thc! the payment of 30 shillings for  next test.  fORCASH  Communicate -with  (. V. Saucier Co.  VERNON, B. C.  E. O. WOOD, B. C. L. S.  Armstrong and Salmon Arm  Subdivisions, Mineral  Claims, Timber Limits, Pre-emptions, Drainage,  Irrigation and Road Surveys, Maps  and plans.  Phone 62 Salmon Arm, B.C.  \n all  countries.   A:k   for  our  INVESTOR'S ADVISER,which will be sent fre*  MARION * MARION.  364  University St.,  Monti-Sat.  Illegitimate Children  Onc big difference between -a  fool and a wise man is the  different.cufphasis lhcy put on  Words. Here is a convict fresh  from the penitentiary. Tbe wise  man looks al him, sees he has  two legs wilh feet on the lower  end of them, "two arms, a head,  a nose, an eye or two and, after  some cogitation', finally decides  that this queer thing is a man.'  Visionaries like Henry Ford  even lake him in, provide him a  job, and give him a chance to  prove thc wise man. was right.  The fool can't sec anything but  a convict. Here is an illegitimate  child. The wise man puts his  emphasis on "child." Tlie fool  emphasizes "illegitimate." It is  not the child's fault it is illegit  each infant. To pay a bounty  to every mother,who applies for  it, on the birth of ber child, is a  remedial measure which is both  necessary and feasible.  Toll of Blood  Thc Manchester Guardian,  which has hcrctofofre been a  staunch supporter of Lloyd  George, continues ils campaign  against conscription of'Ireland  which, it infers, is to bc put into  forcc shorty after Whitsunside,  although there is no chance of  passing the Home Rule Bill. It  points,, to thc resignations of  Viceroy Wimborne. Chief secretary Duke, and Commander-  in-chief Sir Bryan Malum as a  result of their decision to retire  rather than accept responsibility  for the policy upon which the  premier has entered,    "finally,  imale, and therefore it should there is thc embargo to be put  nol have to suffer any disability  for il. There arc enough fresh  injustices continually cropping  out from the changing circumstances of humanity's progress,  and  from   our blundering and  on passenger traffic in Ireland.  "What is clearly intended," il  says, "is thc enforcement of  conscription at the point of the  sword, lt is perfectly well understood and best of all to the  shortsighted, .reactions to.. th.cj goycrnnumt,_lhatthis call only  ie\v circumstances. But the old  injustices should begin now to  bc done away with. One of thc  oldest of them is that selfish  hypocrisy, which casts scorn on  and permits misery to. thc poor  child that happens to come into  this world in a condition which  we label illegitimate. Such  children, in most cases, never  get a child's chance, and they  have a right to that. Every illegitimate child should be regarded as a ward of the state up  to the age of 18 at least. They  should get -the''-care from the  state the education;-from the  state, and the opportuniy from  the state, that other children get  from their parents. Every child  is a national asset���������������������������the war "has  emphasized that. And some of  the world's greatest men were  born from unions that were of  at least questionable legitimacy. 'Why' waste and spoil a  valuable life because of a girl's  folly or a man's selfishness?���������������������������  Canada Magazine.  Bounties for Motherhood  be done at the cost of bloodshed  ���������������������������extensive bloodshed. The toll  of blood will bc taken wherever  thc toll of men is laken;, that is  m  every  Ireland."  village of Nationalist  Any argument tliat before  tlie war advocated thc granting  of bounties to poor mothers is a  thousand times more valid now,  says the Canada Magazine. The  world has been drained of incalculable treasure in money  '.ind material, but no loss is to  be compared with the loss of  the young, the growing and tlie  hopeful lives that will not come  back.    Upon the tiny shoulders  Wheat Importation Insufficient  The Brilish Ministry of Food  has cabled to the Canada Food  Board: "Wheat Importations  are not .arriving . in quantities  sufficient to meet.-weekly : requirements.* Every effort to increase shipments of wheat and  meat in Canada will be invaluable." Tlie "British Ministry has  prepared to provide ships to  move all the wheat that Canada  will spare. Only 34,000,000 bu.  remain on the continent that  can possibly be available for export, unless consumption in the  United States and Canada is  very substantially reduced-  Catch-Penny Bunk  We hear a lot these days of  how to win the war by eating  less, drinking less, thinking less,  much of which is on a par witb  these aimless phrases which, according to one writer, is all that  is necessary to win:  Take off your coat,  Roll up your sleeves,  Ifitch up your trousers,  Tighten up your bell,  Spit on your hands,  Clench your fists,  Grit your teeth,  And wade right in till  The cows come home.  Put your shoulder to the wheel  A MONK'S PROPHECY  The Present # Great Conflict  Foretold as Early as 1701 by  a Vismar Seer  Thc following translation of  an article in a Danish newspaper which, at any rate shows  what exceedingly able seers  lived at Vismar 200 ycars ago.  At the breaking down of a  wall in thc Monastery of the  Holy Ghost at Vismar (a city on  lhc island of Gothland ino the  Bailie sea) a 200 year old'prophecy of lhc war has heen  found. The prophecy, which  was written on parchment by a  monk in lhe year 1701, is now  kept in the lown hall aL Vismar.  Thc manuscript reads:  "Europe will some day, when  the pope is vacant, meet with a  fearful'punishment. Seven nations will turn themselves upon  a bird wilh two heads. The bird  will defend itself with wings  and talons. A monarch who always mounts his horse from the  wrong side will be surrounded  by a wall of foes. It will he a  tough struggle against cast and  west, and many lives will be  lost.   .  "War chariots shall roll forward without horses and/ fire  dragons shall fly through thc air  and spew fire and sulphur -and  destroy many towns. Mankind  will not listen to the foreboding  of God and He shall turn away  from them. The war shall last  three years and five months.  Slarvaton and disease will folio av. ,  "Bread will bc controlled and  distributed among the people.  Men will he lurking in thc bottom of the sea i'or prey. Thc  war will start when the corn is  ripening in the fields and reach  its maximum pitch when the  cherry trees arc blooming for  thc third time. Peace will be  obtained about  Christmas."  LET the Ford car introduce you to the beauties  , cf Nature and the outside world.   Let it  ���������������������������fi take you into the country, or along the  lakes where the air is fresh and sweet.  A Ford car will open up new fields of pleasant  possibilities for you and your family and at the  same time serve you faithfully in business.  No doubt you have felt the need of a car���������������������������  your wife has often said. "I wish we had a car,"  so why not buy one now ? There is no other car  that gives such good value for the money invested as a Ford. This is why the Ford car is  so popular everywhere.  m The Ford is powerful, easy to drive, economical, enduring.   It is the car you need.  Runabout  Touring   -  Coupe  Sedan  ���������������������������  -  Chassis  $575  $595  $770  $970  $535  THE UNIVERSAL CAR      One-ton Truck $750  \ F. O. B. FORD, ONT.  ���������������������������  GEO. A. RANDS,     Dealer,    Enderby,    B.C.  D.C. LEARY, Dealer, Armstrong, B.C.  Farmers Will Try Lobby  OUawa, May 18lh.���������������������������-Thc farmers have decided to establish  a lobby at the capital. They  think that if they can keep a  committee at Ottawa which will  watch legislation and use their  influence, with thc members,  they can get more concessions.  Three of the leaders of the deputation which waited on thc  government last week were detailed to camp in the city and  continue thc campaign to secure the exemption of agriculturists from military service.  They are Mr. .T. J. Morrison,  secretary of the Ontario United  Farmers: C. W. Gurncy. Paris,  and J. H. Jvcriiighan. Goodcr-  ic|i. They arc proposing to put  every member on record ns to  bis position on the exemption  of farmers, and where answers  arc unsatisfactory they will circulate petitions asking for their  resignations.  Notice to the Farmers  One thousand British Columbia boys, between the ages of  fifteen and nineteen years, sire  available to assist you to increase production. These boys  ureamxious4o^doJhcirJittlcJhiJL  in order to help you produce  your crop. There are numerous  complaints ahout a shortage of  labor. Here is a source of supply.  Application forms arc in all  post-olliccs or may bc had from  Mr. James H. Bcatty, "S. O. S."  Ollice, Parliament Buildings,  Vicoria, B. C. Food will help in  winning Uic war.  I  I  | MATVtf ASSPN!  ,  ~���������������������������.  ;: Auctioneer and livestock  Salesman  AfcMSTfcONG      PC.  I have a wide acquaintance  umongst buyers. Con������������������nlt tne  when yon want to hold a sale.  Also send me particular* of any  snrpln������������������ stock yon wish to dispose  of.  PHONE No. 34  hC******)  Are you going to do any  Building- or Repairing:  This Season ?  THE FOLLOWING ARE GOOD VALUES:  Cull   Boards       10.00   per   thousand  No. 2  Dimension, 2x-l and 2x6       15.00   per   thousand  Green  Blocks       $2.00 per load|  Dry  Blocks i $ 2.50  Planing Mill Wood     2.25  OKANAGAN SAW MILLS, Ltd. E���������������������������dCTbJ  %  o  More Profit lo lhe  PHtternwIw  The pominion law against tbe selling of  butter without the words "Pairy Butter,' or  "Creamery Butter"-^as the case may he���������������������������prwteq  on the butter wrap, is a hissing in cbsgwse to the  average farmer, tn the first place, it Jus butter  wrappers are neatly printed with his name ancl  the bran4 of the butter on the label, the storekeeper can readily sell tbe hutter at 5c a pounq  more than he can get for hwtter wrapped in paper  that is not printed, and the putter-maKer gets the  ^Ivjmtage^iiTScnrpoundinoreforbis-butter-from^  the merchant. Add 5c a pound to the butter you  sell. Sell 100 pounds and the additional amount  vou would get for vour butter in printed wraps  means $5.00 in your pocjeet. $4.75 or $4-50 will  pay for 1000 butter wraps nicely printed with  your brand, name and address thereon. You will  see, therefore, that to have your buttcrwraps  printed means money in your pochet.  It is the duty of every butter majcer to comply with the law in this matter. Some butter  makers have only a cow or two, and wahe so little  butter that it does not appear to them that they  can afford to have their butter wraps printed.  They do not like the idea of having 500 or JQ00  butter wraps on band. To accommodate tins  class of buttermakers, we have printed up  a quantity of "Custom" Putter Wraps. They are  printed with the words *Tre������������������h Pairy Putter* hut  do not hear the name of the maker- l*0**^  these wrappers till the requirements of the law  governing this point, and can he howght w tmaW  quantities at the rate of 65c a hundred m Jut* or  50 lots. If you do not require butterwrajw m  larger lots, take these wraps in tes������������������er quantities.  i  OKANAGAN   HOTEL  A fine line of Soft Drinks  * Always on Hand  When you want a pleasant, cooling, refreshing drink in the warm  summer evenings, come to Armstrong's leading hotel.  500, Single Order,    -    -    $3-75  WOO ���������������������������'"      "   -      -        4J5  Wbeo   ma    wHIl   other order*, |3.50 an* |4-50  THE WALKER PRESS  Enderby, B.C.  THE CARY PRESS  Armstrong, B.C.  II  ���������������������������o������������������***>o������������������K| 'HURSDAY, MAY 23. 1918  OKANAGAN COMMONER  - 1  :lover Compared to  Manure as a Fertilizer  The  amount of  semi-decom-  jVflosed vegetable matter or hum-  Ms present in our cultivated soil  -sandy and clay  loam���������������������������bears  intimate   relation   to   their  ���������������������������.fm  "forocluctive capacity.       j  f - Humus  not   only  fulfils  the  .mechanical function ol rencter-  L)ng soils porous ana more re-  ' tentivc  of  moisture,  but  also  furnishes the essential medium  i'or the activities of the bacteria  Which liberates plant food in the  I'soil. --   Humus   constitutes   the  'shief natural source of the soils  or 500 pounds of basic slag, per  acre, may lie recommended.  Unleached wood ashes contain on an average, from 4 to (5  per cent of potash, about 2 per  cent of. phosphoric acid and 20  to 30 per cent of lime. They arc  eminently suitable as a fertilizer for clover and, when pro-,  curable at a reasonable price,  should be applied at the rate of  from 25 to 40 bushels (1000 to  1,600 pounds) per acre.  .,  88  Spinach Blight  nitrogen supply. .                 .       .  \imlicatioiis     of     barnyard The   following   warning   has  manure may be considered the been issued by the CentraFEx-  'chief   means   employed   in   die penmen tal Farm,-lrom its Field  Jmainlcnaricc  of  humus  in  the Laboratory    Station,   ot    Plant  ���������������������������soil. Supplementary means are Pathology at^ St Catherines:    a  lhc growing and plowing in  58^  NEWS AND VIEWS  88  Many a man skims the truth,  stuffs the skin, and sets it up as  hLs ideal.  Very old people may differ in  their methods of living but they  are all cheerful.  It is strange the only people  who arc sickened by flattery arc  the ones who do not swallow it.  "In what way does Germany  resemble Holland?" asks a contemporary wit, and answers his  question thus: "It is a low, lying country and damned all  around."  ������������������>���������������������������  >o  >o<  XX  The  most  essential   thing  m  thc world cosls noihing, and for  lhat   reason   many   people   arc  iM-o\viii������������������ aim !������������������"������������������...cs -������������������������������������������������������ of.ncwVmd  troblcsome disease of; dying fol. H1C lack of it.    It is  reen cover crop such as rye,;spinach has appeared in south-'iVcsh air.    You can live only 4  ���������������������������micb wheat     rape,    vetches    or'eastern    parts    of    thc   United j minutes without it, bul you can  clover     Of these clover, where .Stales and our spinach growers ]jvc 100 years  wilhoul a bcef-  /condilions arc conducive to its | here should be on he watch for jsicak.  *s-iikf'iclorv   "rowth,   is   to   be,it, since it has been observed as  ���������������������������red. By means of ils deep-Jar north as New >ork State. Tn  gr  prefer:  roots,  clover  dis-] the spinach growing sections of  lilv ramifying      _  I integrates and aerates fhe lower  Virginia   this  blighl is  claimed  unattainable  by  shallow     rooted  that  ���������������������������'soil layers aud  ���������������������������flood- supplies  ', othcr     more  .'crops.  An .additional advantage  ���������������������������clover possesses in common  i with all members of the legume  <familv is that of its ability lo  1 assimilate lhc free nitrogen oi  'the soil atmosphere by means  -,of minute bacterial organisms  j living and operating in. small  / nodules on ils roots. Thus clo-  'vcr gathers the greater part ot  'its "nitrogen from the air,  .' and its phosphoric acid, potash  ( and lime largely from soil '~  ��������������������������� yond the  , ordinary ...  enriching the s'urlacc soil with  these constituents for the ben-  I cfit of succeeding crops.  !      How    does    clover   compare  with   manure   as   a   fertilizer?  I  Barnyard  manure  of  average  quality contains approximately  brings up plant; to'cause a loss of 20 per cent of  the crop  "In this disease lhe plants ai  dwarfed  and  and yellowed  in a stunted condition for some  A correspondent sends  reminder lhat'' dandelions  hc kept well under  lawns  by  culling  the  can  control on  them   in   llie  blossoming season  every  other  day v/ilh lhe mower.    Thisnol  the  leaves curled, only keeps Ihem  from seeding,  After remaining,hut  the  dandelion   that  cannot  "*  manage '    ,~1 ''""  to blossom soon dies.  bc-  rcach of the roofs of  crops,    consequently  ling  ; they  rightly  10 pounds nitrogen, 5 pounds  phosphoric acid and 10 pounds  potash per ton. Therefore 10  tons of barnvard manure would  furnish about 100 pounds nitrogen, 50 pounds phosphoric acid  and 100 pounds potash..  Experiments conducted at  the Central Experimental Farm  al Ottawa have shown that a  vigorous crop of clover will  contain from 100 to 150 pounds  nitrogen, 30 to 45 pounds plies  photic acid and 85_ '  pounds potash per acre  (( crop  time   lhc   affected   plants   are  likely to die.  "This"'blight' is not due lo a  parasitic organism but is held:  lo bc of a similar nature to th"!  'mosaic' disease which occurs' Canada  on tomato,., tobacco, beans, cucumbers and other cultivated  plants. Like these it is carried  from one plant to another and  thus may spread considerably  in the field. It can be induced  in a healthy plant by inoculation with the juice of a diseased  plant. In the field it is said to  be largely spread by insects, of  which two varieties of aphids  tire said to bc the worst offenders. As to ^sccd transmission,  the evidence indicates that if it  is carried in this way it is only  to a small degree. If thc disease  appears  here  thc only way to  115  good  to  A  of clover from one acre ii  it were turned under may be  deemed equal to an application  of 10 tons of barnyard manure.  |n  the experiments  referred  to, tO pounds per acre of common   red   clover   was   seeded  down with various grain crops,  while   ud.ioming   plots   were  seeded with grain atone.   In no  instance did the growth ot clover depress the yield of gram  \, witb which it was seeded-  |;     In the following year, fodder  ) corn   (Reaming)   produced   ������������������  Jons. 480  pounds  more alter  }.' wbetit with clover than alter  I, harlev and oalts, increases of  j Htons, 1280 pounds and 5 tons.  ; J440   pounds   respectively,   ol  corn', per acre, were  obtained  on the clover plots.  ]----\V4th^potatoes_tbc^res_U-lt-was  ,(��������������������������� equally striking. After wheat,  IJ' barley and oats with clover the  If; increases were, respectively, 43  jmslicls, 20 pounds; 29 bushels  40 pounds and 24 bushels of potatoes per acre as compared  with the yields from adjoining  plots without clover.  The full benefits from clover  will as a rule bc noticeably peril sislent for several ycars. On  soils which arc deficient in lime  a satisfactory growth will be encouraged by ail application of,  say, two tons of ground limestone per acre. As a phosphatic  fertilizer, designed to benefit  both the grain and the clover,  300 pounds  of superphosphate  control it will be to keep do-syn  the insects which.spread it."  Fall Wheat in Bad Condition  Canadian    girls    will    v.-aslo  little    sympathy    on    the    Old  Country   women   who   arc   restrained   from   coming   out   to  for the purpose of get-  married.    Thc visible sup-  of eligiblcs is limited and  contend   that   the  home   market   should   bc   protected.  Britain has announced her  decision to play no favorites in  future. Commercial pacts containing favored nation clauses  arc to be denounced. _Tbis, apparently, is the first step toward  the world federation of commerce which may be looked for  following the great war.  There arc plenty of potatoes,  V  f-P'^/A  fihztfry  The census and statistics office, Otlawa, has issued a report  on the area and ondition of fall  wheat, thc condition of hay and  clover meadows and the progress of "spring seeding, as compiled from the reports of the  crop correspondents at the end  of April. Winter lulling of fail  wheat in Ontario is reported as  especially bad. , It is estimated  to amount lo 56 per cent, which  reduces the acreage under this  crop in Ontario from (530,700  acres, as sown last fall, to 277,-  200 acres, the area to (ie harvested.  This is the largest proportion  of fall wheat winter-Mllcd in  Ontario and the lowest acreage  /eft for harvesting since the records were begun in J909.  In Alberta the percentage of  winter-killed is estimated at JO  per cent, thus reducing to 55,-  5(10 acres the area of fit.400  sown last fall. For the whole of  Canada the area sown, viz.,  7tt,000 acres, is reduced by 51  P_er cenJLtQ 348,670, acres. _,.Tbe  condition of fall wheat also is  tbe lowest on record. 52 per  cent of the standard of Ontario  and 59 per cent for all tlie fall  wheat provinces. Converted  inlo a standard of 100, as representing the average condition  on Aprii 30th for the nine years  1909 to 1917 thc condition of  fall wheat for Canada on April  per  carrots, turnips and onions left  from last year's crop. "Eat all  of them up," says the Canada  Food Board. "Do not waste one  of them. Ealing vegetables, will  save wheat. It is wheat they  want over there."  31, 1918, indicates a yield  acre of 71 per cent, or 29  cent below lhc average of  lasl nine years.  per  the  Take advantage of our weekly  shipments of fresh fish.  GEO. R. SHAI  WHOLESALE - RETAIL* BUTCHER  Puff Pastry Illegal  The following productions,  of which sugar is thc .chief constituent, are now prohibited oi'  ma.nufac.lurc: French or rjufl"  pastry; doughnuts or crullers;  Scotch shortbread; cakes; macaroons or like products, wilh  morc lhan 50 per ecnl cane  sugar; mnrshmcllow with more  lhan onc-lhird cane sugar; cake  or biscuit iced or filled wilh  sugar products. A fine of-from  $100 o $1,000 or imprisonment  up lo three or both are tlie penalties for llie infraction of tlie  sugar  regulations,  fines   to   he  t. z. PAFJCS  ^^Stfoe^eplifef"^  Every class of repairing done  Hand sewn work a specialty.  Come in and see  my  special  lines of boots and shoes.  "Leckie's" Best in  the   West  in many varieties  Also many other well  known  makes in stoek  The Shoe Hospital  Armstrong :-: B. 0.  ^  I  8  5  5  I  5  o  5  J  0  Lord. Northcliff, publisher of  the London Times, the London  Daily Mail and scores of other  papers and magazines, says that  it is not the big dailies that the  boys in uniform want. What  .they want, he declares* is the  home paper, the local, "that tells  who was at the church social;  who has been married; ahd which  team won the game/* r  i  i  i  Q  |  0  fill-  0  i  i  fl  t  il  I  "V  I  *  iy  $ A IP  W  paid,  to  lhe  municipal or  vinciai  authorities,   which  pro-  evcr  may  institute   the  proceedings.  Excess   holdings   are   liable   to  seizure after May 15th.  Never  buy   more  food   than  you  absolutely need.  JK  Ladies' Soils  Men's Suits  I  CO)-:  <><  ������������������>������������������  fi  i  V  9  Eat More Fish  Clothes Cleaned) Pressed  Altered and Repaired  4LEX. ADAIR  Efforts have becn made in  Canada lo produce and markcl  move fish. This country has fish  resources, which have been exploited .commercially for the  cxnort trade but only in the big  cities have fresh fish been available regularly lo private customers. On thc Pacific Coast,  thc Atlantic Coast, the lakes of  the West, the lakes of Northern  Ontario and the Great Lakes,  fisbcrmen   will  procure  fish  if  Food shipments, from thc  United Slates to lhe civilians of  lhc Allies, were suspended for  fen days to move 3,000,000 bu.  of gram for the Belgian Belief.  It Is reported lhat more than  nine million people.in Belgium  and France arc practically destitute of bread.  BULL FOR SERVICE  Registered  grand  ������������������2.00.  Hi is  airy  Also  week's  Ilolslein Bull, with  records. Service fee,  young   pigs   i'or   sale.  price,     $7.00    each.  Pure-bred Yorkshires, but nol  reg  istered  TURNEF.  ���������������������������&.  DONALDSON,  Eiidcrby.  the demand for  cons La nt.     Eat  save meal for  front.  it is regular and  more  fish   and  thc men  at  the  A name that stands for the best in hotel service  King Edward Hotel, VS;^UEPHY   Enderby 8  OKANAGAN   COMMONER  i_iO_l_l_I3Q^  Qoing  Fishing  Fishing  Poles���������������������������Cheap   Bamboo  Poles   .'...': ***. . .   15c  3-piece, jointed Steel Rods,  10-  feet long each $3 & $3.50  3-piece   jointed   Split   Bamboo,  10-f long, each $2.50  REELS aU>5c, $2. $2.25"& $3.50  LINES���������������������������Cotton lines, 10c & 20c  Braided linen lines 25c  Genuine Cullyhunk linen line  25   yds    50c  Crimson      Rambler      line.���������������������������  20  yds  -oc  Saline, Enameled Silk Jinc,-  25 yds    $1.28  FLY HOOKS���������������������������50c doz, oc each  (hit Hooks    40c doz  Spoon Bail 40c each  ''Stewart" Spoons   . .25c each  '"Kimbo"  I roil I easting spoon      35c  "Tacoma"   spoon    25c  'Thirling" gold spoon   ...50c  Tyce Salmon Bail  ...50c tin  Gaff   books     10c  Brass* Swivels    5c ea  Gut Casts, G-fl long . .25c ea  ALARM CLOCKS-���������������������������will get you  up on time.  "Canada" alarm . .$2.00    Sleep   Meter  Parker $3.50 &. $4    Big  Bend   . ,  . $2.50  $-1.00  It-  Calf Wcancrs   . . .  Corn   Planters  Cow Bells 35c, 50c.  Cow Bell Straps  .  Sheep  Bells      Mica Axel Grease .  . .50c & 85c     2.50  65c, $1, 1.25   75c   40c   20c tin  Sheep Shears    $2.00 pr  YOU  MEED  THOSE  GOODS  MOW  CROCKS���������������������������Now is the time lo  preserve your eggs. Wc have  just received a new slock.  I gal. Crocks, 70c; 2-gal $1.00  3-gal,    $1.40;     4-gal,    $1.75;  0 5-gal, $2.00! These prices include covers.  ARTILLERY CARS & Wagons  for the bovs at the following  . prices: $'.50; $4.00, $4.50; $:1  coasting down hills; something new;  each    $2.50  BUY YOUR BOY A BICYCLE;  ciher  Massev   or   Standard  0_ $50-Q0  Bicycle   tubes,   tires   and   othcr  accessories carried in stock ���������������������������  BARB WIRE, per spool of_ 80  rods    $7.00  in lots of 10 spools ... .$6.75  HOG FENCING, per rod      65c  POST HOLE AUGERS���������������������������get thc  "Hall"���������������������������absolutely    the   best  made    each  $3.00  CUPS  & SAUCERS  E. L. Si. S. design; old prices . .$2.50 doz  ** Cups only     1.75 doz  Wc have just opened up a new    stock of these.  I    OrcIeT^Y6u=r_|3in1der=^wine__Eafly-     Get   Our Price*  ItyiicPliaiWtii Haife Co. ltd,  CORNER HARDWARE ARMSTRONG, B.C.  PHONE 33  H\  \A\A\A\AYA\A\A\A  __-__-_WS_--_-\___WSLW.  CLASSIFIED ADVTS  "YVAXTKD���������������������������Sum 11 young girl. ������������������s  waitress in lirst-class restaurant.  Write Box 7. Kamloops, 11. C.     2t  FOR SAI.K���������������������������Cow soon to freshen:  jil.so yearling heifer. Apply Mrs.  M.  McNair.   JIHS. W.YCGKT���������������������������I.s making a  .spceial offering of Children's  Dresses for one week only. She  is making big reductions of iier  new lines bought for the season s  trade; sizes to Jil from 1 year to  ii years; also Special Sale of  veilings. Splendid line al big  reductions. MBS.       NYACGCT,  Millinery   Specialist.  SOW SALlt!���������������������������Tomato, cauliflower,  cabbage and celery plants. Leave  orders with Enderby Growers'  Association. Turner & Donald-  .son,   Enderby. 80-21  HATCHING EC.r.s FOR SAL!-:���������������������������  Pure-bred While Leghorns; also  pure-bred Wyandottes. at ���������������������������l:'!.o(J  ���������������������������per setting of 111, or -sS per hundred. Applv. M. Arnott, Phone  FS001, Pleasant Valley. 30tl  b'OH SALE���������������������������A cart and breaking  plow; good as new. V. A. Poison  Enderby. S()-2t  ONE-TON THUCK���������������������������A Bclsirie  c:ii", suitable I'or truck or passenger; in thorough working order:  possesses very powerful'-l-cylm-  der engine: cjli ic-Jccs't demountable rims; iu Ihorough running  order: good tires, and '.1 spare  ones. Snap at x'.lM): terms. A. .L  II ey wood. 11. B. 1., Salmon Arm.  Phone   Hey wood   Store. -1*1-3  Great surprise in store! ''Tbe  Yokohama Maid"' coming!  .lapanes comic operetta in aid  of S. H. C.    Watch for dale!  Court of Revision  PUBLIC XO'HCE is hereby given  tliat the Courl ul' Revision for (ho  above Municipality will be held in  Ihe Municipal Hail, Armstrong, on  Saturday. June .S!h. at 10 a. m..  when all complaints against the  assessment  will  Ih> heard.  All    appeals,   complaints   or  jeclions   must   he   in   wriling,  deliverer]   to   liie   assessor   at   leasl  ten  clear days  before  the  first  sitting of the Court of Revision.  Daled  lhis -IIh dav of Mav.  1018.  L. E/FARR, "Clerk  ob-  and  THURSDAY, MAY 23, 1918  MAY BUY COLDSTREAM  Provincial Land Settlement Experts Inspecting the Big Ver-  View    of  non    Ranch    with  Taking It Over.  One of the propositions the  Provincial Land Settlement  Board is placing before the Provincial executive is the acquisition of the Coldstream ranch,  near Vernon, involving a purchase price of $900,000,, payable  in five per cent. 20-5Tear Provincial Government bonds, issuable at par. There arc some  12,000 acres, comprising 899  acres of full-bearing orchards,  11-14 acres of othcr agricultural  land actually under cultivation,  -100 acres cultivated meadow  bind seeded to clover and lim-  olh.y; 1321 acres of available  irrigable land requiring no ad-  di'ion to the existing water sys-  to  bring  il  under  good  culliva-  agricul  lem  lion; <S58 acres of  turn"! land hVhlly limbered and  involving lillle expense in clearing; 7,976 acres first-class  range land; $50,000 worth of  olo^k. implements and general  equipment, and $70,000" worlh  jpi    of" /arm buildings.  Winter  Killing  of  Fall  Wheat  The winter killing of fall  wheat is reported as especially  severe. It is estimated to  amount to 55 p.c. which reduces  the acreage under this crop to  277,000 acres from 030,000  acres sqwn. This is the largest  proportion of fall wheat winter  killed in Ontario and the lowest acreage left to be harvested  since the records were begun in  1909. In Alberta the percentage winter-killed is estimated  at 10 p.c, thus reducing to 55,  acres thc area of 61,400 acres  sown'last fall. For thc whole of  Canada thc area sown, viz.  711,000 acres is reduced by 51  p.c. to 348,670 acres. Thc condition of fall wheat on April  30 is also thc lowest on record.  Mens Invictus tan blucher  5.00 to 5.75  Yici, gun metal ancl bos calf ���������������������������  S.OO per pr  We stock the famous Just Right 1.25 per pr  Men's pennant shoes ...... .6.25 per pr  viz. 52 p.c. of  the standard  p.c. for all  Progress  of Spring Seeding  With an early spring, excel-,  lent progress has -been made  wilh seeding. For spring wheal  in Manitoba 94, in Saskatchewan 85, and in Alberla 92 per  cent of seeding was estimated  Lo be completed by Lhc end of  Aprii. These proportions are  higher than in any recent year,  excepting 1915, and compare  most favorably with lasl year,  when I'or tbe prairie provinces  the proportions only ranged  from 5 to 27 p.c. For the six  provinces lo which the report  applies, viz. Quebec, Ontario the  prairie c provinces and British  Columbia, the. proportion of  spring wheat seeded by April  30 is 66 p.c. as compared with  13 p.c. last year. 27 p.c. in 1916  and 94 p.c. in 1915. Good progress has also been made with  the seeding of oats and barley,  thc proportioiiafor the six provinces being for oats 24 p.c. as  against 12 p.c. in 1917 and 8 p.c.  in 1916, and for barley 20 p.c,  as compared with 9"and 3 p.c.  in 1917 and 1916. The" following telegram from the Saskatchewan Department of Agricullurc was received on May 14th:  -"Wheal seeding is completed:  40 p.c. of oals seeding done. No  lack of moisture except in parts  of west central dislrict. Ten to  fifteen p.c. increase in spring  plowing. High winds reported  but no damage lo crop."  Sugar Saving 25 Per Cent  -The recent sugar restrictions  passed by the Canada" Food  Board will have thc effect of  saving about 100,000 tons, approximately 25 per cent of our  normal consumption. These restrictions are rendered absolutely necessary by thc shipping  and rail transportation situation. There is sugar in Cuba  but we cannot get it into Canada. What-we can get we must  conserve for preserving  time.  for  Ontario and 59 p.c. for all the  fall wheat provinces. Converted  in lo a standard of 100 as representing lhc average condition  ion Apr.il 30 for lhc nine years  1909  to  1917,  the condition  of  j fall wheat for Canada on April  130th, 1918, indicates a yield of  171 p.c. or 29 p.c. below thc av-  ierage of lhc past nine years.  0     High Grade Shoes at Reasonable Prices  5  8  I  Ii  ii  5  X     >l  Soldiers  of  the Soil  Armstrong has done well in  the Soldiers of the Soil movement. Twonly-eigift boys have  enlisted for farm service and  all but four-have becn placed,  which constitutes a splendid record. Rev. A. H. Sovereign, acting under the Canada Food  Board, has appointed Mr. 13. S.  Freeman, principal of thc High  School, as local superintendent,  who will havc charge of thc  Armstrong district..  All boys from 13 lo 18 years  of age who work satisfactorily  during the.summer will receive  thc government Service Badge,  to bc presented al a large public gathering to bc held here in  lhc early autumn. Everybody  who has not registered must do  so at once with Mr. Freeman.  Farmers needing boys are required to apply at once to Mr. J.  H. Bailey, Parliament Buildings, Victoria, B. C. Blank  forms may hc obtained from  Mr Freeman. Only boys from  15 to 18 will bc placed on farms  of strangers. All others' from  13 to 15 will work on parents'  farms or those of relatives.  Men's white ancl tan canvas rubber sole shoe, this is a yery  dressv, cool and comfortable shoe for summer wear at 2.50 pr.  We have some excellent fitting lasts in ladies   high   cut   white  canvas bals low ,-md high heel, leather soles at 3.25 per pr  Complete stock of running shoes maltese cross brand -for men"  women and children  I  of  n  ������������������p  iVs Furnislhir*g Dept.  1,1 Specicil measure clothing for  a men. .We are giving special  Ij attention to this part of our  c business. We are pleased  [j with the amount of orders we  X have taken and our customers  [j more than satisfied with the  IJ materials workmanship and  fit. let us measure you before  the choise clothes are all cancelled     1 i ��������������������������� i t frcm 25.CO.  O)  Just a word about stock suits  ��������������������������� We have youths' sizes  with long pants, sizes 32 to  35 from 10 00 to 14,50,  good material, new patterns,  -ilea's stock suits, sizes 35  to 4_ tweed and worsterds.  We   have  excellent patterns.  prices   from   12.50   to   25.00  FOREMAN & ARMSTRONG  ARMSTRONG, 6. C.  c       il  n  o.'  6  o  l "  >o<  >o<  O  YOU NEED THE ENCOURAGING,  "INSPIRING   INFLUENCE   OF -MUSIC AS MUCH AS THE SOLDIERS,  AND THE NEW  EDISON  Diamond  Amberola  Our  Thoi  ig'hls  We. should he just as careful  how wc think" as how wq: acl,  because our thoughts govern  our actions. If we arc heedless  and careless as lo our thinking,  wc will bring upon ourselves  untold misery, because it is a  fixed law that every thought wc  send out carries with il a power  that calms or irritates. Therefore, if we arc particular as to  thc thoughts wc think, wc shall  likewise be able to use only  such words as shall give comfort, peace and joy to humanity. Wc arc entirely too inconsiderate with thc words wc use  from day to day. and wc unconsciously harm when wc intend  to help. Every word represents a thought, and as soon as  spoken it sends out a vibration  tliat is sure to be felt somewhere by some one. How carc-  tul=\vcushoukbbc,-=thcn,^to=giiagc-  our language so that our children may imitate us and speak  only such words as shall convey thc highest thoughts possible. Wc cannot be faithful to  ourselves if we allow our minds  to dwell on thoughts which con-  i tradict the' truth, nor can wc  j expect to bc healthy if wc talk  about disease and illness. There  arc so manj' bright, happy  cheering thoughts to occupy our  minds that it is a waste of time  to bunt for shadows.  'Fishing Tackle  Will satisfy your'music needs bel-  tea*' than  anything else.    Havc onc  ON I REE  TRIAL  ,' From  |V Wison Pistributors  : ������������������   Vernon, p. C.  Cheer Vp*  Just buckle-in and keep your grin.  Don't ever say "We may not win.'*  When  things  go  -wrong  and  skies  look black.  Don't magnify the foe's attack. "  And wail whene'er you talk about  The dismal, doctrine born of doubt.  Put   bear   the   blow   and   face   the  raid.  Dqn^t ever say that you're afraid,  BecTTiTse   ybli   "svhihriJer^Vfinl    yb"ii"  whine,  Another's   grrl   imiy   undermine.  If you can't see onc ray of hope  Don't   peddle   round   your   gloomy  dope  And say that things arc looking ill;  If vou  can't cheer thc boys,  keep  still.  ���������������������������Detriot   Free   Press.  Keep Smiling  Though days bc dark ancl  trade he tough, it's always wise  to make a blulf, to face the  world with cheerful cy^, ?,as  though the goose were hanging  high. No merchant ever made  a friend by, dire complaining  wilhoul end. And people never  seek a store lo. hear a grouchy  merchant roar, they'll patronize"  Iheaviscr gent who doesn't air  his discontent.���������������������������Walt Mason.'  Thc next regular social dance-  will   be   held   in    the   Avalon  Theatre, Armstrong, on 'Friday  night,   May   31st.     Dancing  at  9 o'clock sharp.  WN in fnWy  mmmmr^m^mm'  Be sure |o ��������������������������� visit our  store. Holiday Goods,  Toys, Novelties. All  Hinds of Choice Candies. Store will be  open all day and until  10.30 p.m. on' May 24.  The Vopu}ar Vwfeftr  store  CWF*f ST- ������������������NP������������������*py  Card of Thanfcs  Chaplin  in  "The  Vagabond"  Extra Special Bargains  "n   fishing  roods.     We  and    sporting  closing out   these  two lines.  tackle  arc;  U. S. BEST  Armstrong-  B.C.  Charlie  Chaplin  in  his  great  "Tbe   Vagabond"   will  LEARY   GARAGE  D. C. LBARY,  Proprietor  FORI) AGBXT  Repairs lc nlJ makes ol'cars.     Phone 22  ARMSTRONG,  B.C.  A cloth dipped in linseed oii  and wiped over polished furniture   will  greatly   improve  its  appearance.  comedy  bc shown at the Avalon Theatre  Armslrong. on Monday, May  27lh. A special malincc for thc  school children a I -1 p. m. Besides the Chaplin comedy lhere  will be a five-reel drama featuring Marjorie. Rambeau in  '"The" Deb I" making in all a delightful evening's entertainment.    Regular Prices.  When little Teddy bumpjed  his head, Uncle Harry gathered  the youngster inlo his arms and  said:  "There, Til kiss it, and  then  the pain will Joe all gone."  Cheerfully smiling,  the  exclaimed:  "Now,    Unken   Iiawy,  down   inlo    the   kitchen,  cook has the toothache."  Mr. and Mrs. H. Schneider  lake this opportunity of expressing their sincere thanks to thc  many friends and neighbors for  their kindness in thc recent bereavement and especially for  ihe many 11 oral tributes and lo  those who so kindly furnished  conveyances and otherwise  were "of assistance during the  iimc of need.  Mr. and Mrs. H. Schneider.  By kind permission of Major T: J.  LeDuc, O. C. 30th Regiment  B. C. Horse  A   PANCP  >ViIl be held in the Vernon Armory  under' the auspices of the Army  and Navy Veterans in Canada (Incorporated),    Vernon    Brunch,   on  Thursday,  MAY 3|sf.  8.30 p.in.  Tichcts.inrltidiny Supper, 75c each  ZS'OTK���������������������������The proceeds of the dance  are to iurlber ihe aims and objects of lhc Army & Navy Veterans of the past and present  wars.  SECRET  SOCIETIES  Never buy cheap  clothing.  CM YCUR FRUIT AND VEGETABLES  A.F.&A.M,  Enderby J_,odjye No. 40  Regular meetings first  Thursday on or after the  1'ull moon at 8 p. m. in Masonic Hall. Visiting  brothron  cordially  invited  child  come  poor  Meat  or fish  by  the Sleam  Pressure   System.     Send- for   catalogue  and prices of Home and Commercial Canning plants.  Etjuipmc.nl Depl,  Vancouver Island  Fruit Lands. Lid.. Belmont Bldg.  Victoria, B: C.    EGGS FOR HATCHING  Rhode Island Red Eggs, for  selling, from prize winning  stock."     Write or phone���������������������������  L.  E.  SMITH Armslrong  S. H, SPJEEKS  C.  H. REEVES  Secretary  *~j%"  !3?������������������  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35, K. of P.  Meets every Monday evening  in Masonic Hall.    Visitors cordially mvited to attend.  ���������������������������     CHAS.'HAWINS, C. C.  H. M. WALKER, K. R. S  R. J. COLTART. M.F,  PROFESSIONAL  ^C. SEALING, B. A.  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  INSURANCE  Bell Blk. Enderby, B,C.  =    !


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