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Enderby Press and Walker's Weekly Mar 12, 1914

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 (i  31  Enderby, B.C., March 12, 1914  AND      WALKER'S      WEEKLY  Vol. 7; No. 2; Whole No. 314  News in Brief of Enderby and  District'of Interest Far and Near  Mrs. Wm. Sewell returned irom the  coast on Monday.  Mr. Schimmerhorn returned from  the East this week.  Born���������������������������At Mara, March 5th, to Mr.  and Mrs. E. Bennett, a daughter.  Born���������������������������At their home in Enderby,  Feb. 9th, 1914, to Mr. and Mrs. Fred  Davies, a son.  It. is expected that Ex-Mayor Ruttan will return from Fort Fraser by  the end of March.  Mrs. G. G. Campbell aiuh brother,  Clifford Greyell, went to the coast  last Friday on a pleasure trip.  ' Miss Somerville, of Vernon, left  Enderby on Monday after spending a  few days- wittr her aunt, Mrs. A.  Chapman.       ,   . , ~  .   Mr.   J._ Tomkinson   reports a very  "ni'cetsmall   business    at his Grindrod  store' since   starting    up there' a few  weeks ago.  , .Mr. and -Mrs. W. J.. Lemke returned from Seattle and other coast  cities this week, where they enjoyed  a week or ten'days.  Parish of. 'Enderby; 3rd Sunday In  Lent; , Holy Communion, 8 'a.m.;  Mattin's and Holy Communion, 11 a.  m.; evensong, 7.30 p.m.  Thos. Wilkinson, manager of the  Barnum Poultry Ranch, reports the  season opening with the brightest of  prospects for his 'flocks.  All- farmers   desiring   to enter the  Institute  . field       competitions are  urged to make application to the  secretary Mr. Handcock at once.  Dr. Keith was called to Mara on  Tuesday to, attend Al. Moser, who  was seriously injured on the knee  while at work on the Moser place.  Mr! and MffsTTTErTaylofTMrrahd-  Mrs. A. Reeves, Mr. and Mrs. G. L'.  Williams* Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Mack,  and Mr. and Mrs. W.' R. Barrows, returned from Vancouver on Wednesday,  The lantern lecture on the Yuko  given by the Rev. C. Reed will be repeated on Tuesday next, 17th inst,  "under the auspices of the Woman's  Auxiliary, in thc Parish Hall at 8  o'clock,  Mayor Barnes has been requested to  gather together all the old-timers in  this vicinity to take part in the reunion of. Okanagan Pioneers at Vernon on Apr! 16th. All applications  must be in by April 1st.  Services in the' Methodist Church  next Sunday: Morning, 11 o'clock,  evening at 7.30; Sunday School and  Bible Class at 2.30. Morning subject,  "The Book oi Job, the Argument and  Job's Skepticism;" evening, "Job's  Experience of God.**  Skip Dill says his rink couldn't  curl any better than he could, owing  to the counter attractions���������������������������the coast  fashions, ior instance. Some of the  dresses worn by the ladies, he says,  were dreams���������������������������lobster salad dreams���������������������������  and he hurried home as quickly as he  could get away.  The curlers returned from Vancouver this week, some dropping in on  Friday last, and others in pairs and  singles every day since. The silverware of the bonspiel did not come  with them. None of it left Vancouver. The crack rinks from Winnipeg  and other places did   not make any  better showing than our own boys,  the ice being quite different from  what they had been   accustomed to.  BOARD  OF TRADE MEETING  A meeting of the Enderby Board of  Trade was held in the' City Hall last  Friday evening to hear the report of  the committee appointed at the previous meeting to bring in a detailed  report of the liabilities of the Board,  handed down' from the previous year.  The report showed in round figures  the sum of $630; made up as follows'1:  Vernon. News   $ 282.65,  Heaton's Annual      130.00  A. Fulton '. '    190.00  Montreal Star '.      20.94  Printing postals  .:.. .,-3.75  $ 627.34'  -'- A committee consisting'of the pre.  sidentand secretary,was^appointed to  petition the City ������������������������������������������������������ Council /for a  grant o������������������ $500, with which'"_it was believed the, Board would be able to  clean ,.up the liabilities, , outstanding  and prosecute the season's publicity  work which is being mapped out.  The membership fee was ^placed at  $3, and , Messrs. Murphy and Murrin  were appointed   to   solicit members.  The meeting adjourned until Friday  evening, March 20th, when it is pos-  sible some, word will have been received irom the city council as to  the assistance asked for.  INSTRUCTIVE LECTURES  SUNDAY SCHOOL CONVENTION  The United Sunday School convention of the Okanagan Valley was  held at Armstrong this-week, the attendance Tuesday, and Wednesday being exceptionally large. Some 15 delegates attended from the northern end  of the Valley, and about 30 came up  from the south on the special train  from Vernon. Rev. I. W. Williams,  secretary of the Provincial Sunday  School organization, presided at the  conference t Tuesday afternoon and  evening. The strong points of Mr.  Williams address were that adolescence is tho opportunity for the Sunday. School; from 16 "to 19 he considered to be the criminal age. Everything depended upon the home; if thc  teaching of the Sunday School were  not magnified 'in thc home, much of  it would be lost upon the children.  How could you expect children to  believe in the efficacy of prayer if  they never saw the parents praying?  He believed the teachers should be  asked to the homes of the children so  as to be. brought into closer personal  touch with the parents and the children.   . ''  The Armstrong people gave the delegates a royal reception, the city  band meeting them at the station  and proceeding to the Opera House,  where the conference was held.  The Farmers' Institute lectures held  in K. of P. Hall, last Thursday evening, March 5th, were well attended,  and1 there was far more than the  usual interest shown by the1 audience.  The Speakers, H. Ei Upton, on poultry; T..jA. F. Wiancko, on farm dairy  work; and Wm. Schulmerich, on hogs  and dairy cattle, each handled the  topic given for discussion in a clear,  and convincing manner. Mr. Upton  left nothing in doubt as to the proper care of poultry, and the handling  of poultrry products.^ His strong  argument was all on the side of the  hen as a money maker, provided the  care and attention is given, and the  proper rules governing feeding and  cleanliness are observed. He strongly /urged the feeding of sour skimmed  milk instead of sweet skimtaied milk,  and said that the--fowl' will get  many-times'the good out of scalded  alfall'aas-they will out of dry-alfalfa  or-alfalfa meal.'- 7 Hel said the'^best  chick feed was "a mixture of cracked  corn, oat meal ".and." wheat, and-adJ  vised the use of this in preference to  any of the "prepare&7^chick foods'lie  had come "across.7' "' -  ,'*" -'" *  Mr. Schulmerich was even more in-1  teresting in his address on hogs and  dairy cattle than he was on his >pr,e-  vious visit to Enderby two years ago^  He was as-strong in his admiration  for this district as on his first trip  the Valley, and even more strongly  condemned the policy of the (anchers  in allowing scrub bulls to roam the  public roads. He said over in Oregon and Washington where he has  farmed for 18 or 20 years, they used  to raise wheat and oats year after  year, and every time they shipped a  ton of wheat it carried $7.50 worth  of fertility with it. The result was  that in a few years they found about  the "only thing to be piling up on the  farm was the mortgage. Then they  set-^aboutr-to=find���������������������������a-^remedy-for^the-  evil. They found it in the dairy and  hogs. ' One works hand in hanh with  the other, and thc combination cannot be beat. He strongly advised  our hay men to quit raising hay and  get into stock. Every ton of hay  carries with it off the land $5 worth  of fertility. And he further advised  growing of alfalfa instead of timothy  for the farm stock. One pound of  alfalfa has as much feeding quality  ns three pounds of timothy, and he  wondered why anyone should grow  timothy when alfalfa is possible.  Mr. Wiancko spoke as one having  had 16 years' experience as a practical creamery man. He emphasized  strongly the need of cleanliness in  the handling of milk; in the stable,  in the milk house, in the churn���������������������������in  every department where milk is  handled, the slogan must 'be "keep  clean.  Don't put it off too long or your  sample "may be sold out. The . House  of Hobberlin guarantee every suit  they turn out.     Dill Bros., agents.  WHITE PEKIN DUCK EGGS for  hatching; $1.00 for setting of 11,  MRS. JNO. McKAY, Waterside,  Enderby. ml2-8t  Carhartt's Overalls are guaranteed  by the maker for fit and service. Dill  Brosl, agents.  City Councilmen Discuss Questions  of Street Work and School Debt  ENDERBY SHIPMENTS  Since Jan. 1st, 1914:  Lumber    41  carloads  Hay  15 carloads  Cordwood  3 carloads  Ties  ���������������������������   35 carloads  Flour      13  carloads  Fence Posts   6 carloads  113 carloads  Stanfield's Underwear in winter or  summer weights. Dill Bros., sole  agents.   Friday and Saturday Dill Bros, will  sell finest Ontario cheese at 20c lb.  The regular meeting of- the City  Council was held Monday evening,  the Mayor and all members excepting  Alderman Mack present.  The meeting was ".short but .very interesting, in that the' City Fathers  talked over the street work and  other public improvements they hope  to do this" year. While no official  action was " taken, it was apparent  that all members of the Council are  fully alive to the importance of the  work demanded, and at the same  time fully- acquainted with the obstacles in the way of development,  and yet are prepared to find a way  to overcome them. i  Following the- reading of th". .mis  utes, the chairman of .the light committee, * Aid. Robinson, reported on  the question . of " additional' street  lights on Vernon p road, and nearthe  house 'of-'Mr." T: Robinson:; * - - -y J     ���������������������������  -Abetter'was'read" from Mr. W.: J.  Hatcher, claiming "a balance,'of "board  bill on account. oi^-Mwi Q*?*soii-, j>l  $7.' ������������������������������������������������������^-'���������������������������THe Clerk1 "'was "-instructed~"to  write'Mr: Hatcher- stating that the  City Constable reported to the Council having ha!d an' acknowledgment of  the payment of'^the ���������������������������icccuntby* tbe  wood contra account at the time Miss  Carlson was removed from the Cot.-  tage Hospital.  A letter from the Board of School  Trustees again brought to the ntten:  tion of the Council the balance cl  $1300 on the public school coi'Struc-  tion. account, and stating that these  accounts are long past /due.     .    '   -  A- brief discussion followed the  reading of the letter.^ 'ft was pointed  out that if this $11500 wore to be  paid out of the currert revenue this  year it would mean adding two mills  to the tax rate, whereas, it the city  Wre^ty^rSilfe^th^^  originally asked for by the Board for  the purpose of paying these over due  accounts and providing an; lo means  for properly finishing the school  grounds, the rate required, if tins  sum were raised by way of a loan,  the rate required would be about  one-third of a mill. Thc work demanded, and that already done, is of  a permanent improvement type, and  it is a law of all good municipal  business that any such work should  not be paid for out of the current  revenue, but by way of a loan. It  was the opinion of all present that  such should be the policy of the  Council. It was pointed out by the  Aldermen that there could be no  question of cdoubt as to what plan  the ratepayers would prefer. Two  mills added to the already high tax  rate for the purpose of paying off  the $1300 would not look good to  many if, on the other hand, $3000  could be raised to make a complete  job of the school, on a tax levy of  ���������������������������less than a third of a mill. The  matter was laid over until the estimates are brought in, at the next  regular meeting.  A letter was read from the deputy  Provincial secretary stating that  Aid. Jno. N. Grant and George R.  Sharpe had been appointed Police  Commissioners for 1914, and Alderman Dill and John B. Gaylord license commissioners. The Mayor is  chairman of each of these,boards.  Thc finance Committee reported thc  lollowing accounts:  Bank of Montreal, coupons....$    50f00  Peter Johnson, poor;relief       30.CO  Bank Montreal,   coupons    ..   170.00  Union Bank,  coupons       105.00  Bank Montreal;-, coupons     250.00  Okanagan-  Telephone Co,..       6.50  H.' G. Mann," street lights  <   7.00  Okanagan1 Saw Mills, Ltd ...7-    11.38" -  Bob Peel '.:..-.....    12.00  W.   J.-' Woods- ..'. :. ._, .L     - .60  The Walker 'Press, ptg & sta'7-. 97.65'  McLean' Publishing ~ Co-     '3.00 ,  Murrin Hardware    Co.,...      "1.00 '  J.   McMahon    ���������������������������������������������      -2.50^  Canadian Pacific Ry.  Co A       3.00  A request lrom "J. H. Carefoot for   ���������������������������'  a 'sidewalk    and. street crossing  was"  laid over until the   estimates for the 7  year's' work are   passed, at the. next  meeting of the Council^"       *   "���������������������������"���������������������������' .,���������������������������->.//���������������������������,  The 'Dominion" Wood "(Pipe "Company. .">.  wrote. the''  Council, ,-. from, New7We3t;J .'  minster,' asking-- for"a> letter' from"' the \  City^ setting; forth 7 the merits .pl-Vhe%j^  wbod'pipe^piit; in'^byi'the cit'y^andyiny ;  "use^the' past'seven-years'.'l "-.Th"e"clerk������������������"/  was;instructed,to send' such,a-letter.-'1  ' Ay .committee-   from).the ;>Enderby"-j  *Board- ofJTrade "came before- the" City ^  'Council with a - petition- for. a grant -~,  'of, $500.   -It was   explained "that, the ''  sum asked- for   was-not.for,use this- "  year in publicity plans being worked. ������������������  out, but was to'pay the accounts, of;  the old Board before proceeding with  >  new work.     The   committee -.reported  having ' secured    a   membership of  40.  and hoped   to    increase this amount    .  by another 40-or    50. , ' The outlook^ :  is bright,   the   committee . said,    for,'  the opening   season,   and they hoped  to be ^ble to take   advantage' of. the  'interest that was certain to be directed to   the    Okanagan this year and  next by the construction of the C.N.  R. and branch lines.       Action on the  committee's    application ' was'   postponed    until* the    estimates for the,'  =year=wer;e-=.brought=^in,^-but--favorable-=  action     was     foreshadowed   by "the  Mayor,   who    said   he   lelt    that the  credit of the ��������������������������� city was at stalke,  and  the   business,   however    weak it may  have  been,  must now be  straightened  out.  Aid. Grant brought up the matter  of a more efficient fire brigade, and  suggested that some inducement be  offered by the city to encourage -the  young men who were likely to take  the formation 01 the brigade in hand.  Definite action  was postponed.  ;   <7.*  ������������������' -f'l.T.-S  ;-rW-.|  If you wish a suit to fit and wear,  try a Hobberlin.     Dill Bros.  JOE'S- BREAD  Anyone wishing to make sure of  getting Joe's bread can buy direct  from the bakery. Bread tickets, 13  for $1. Joe's bread tastes good, is  always uniform, is clean, and balked  by a white man.  All the latest   styles and colors in  Stetson hats at Dill Bros.  SHAMROCK���������������������������A post card addressed  to A. Buckley, Armstrong, will  bring you a pot of Shamrock for  St.-Patrick Day, delivered free for  35cts..   Two-pound    tins     National    Cream  Sodas for 30c, at Dill Bros.  20th Century Shoes are sold with a  guarantee.     Dill ,Bros.  Marmalade oranges 40c a dozen, at  Dill Bros. ��������������������������� fl  THE ENDERBY PRESS ANgJWALKER'S WEEKLY  Thursday, March 12, 1914  with 37,127    sent   from   the   United  States to the Antipodes.  ENDERBY PRESS  Published every   Thursday at  Bndwby, B.C. at  $2 per year, by tho Wa������������������Ucr Press.  Advertising Rate*; Transient, 50c an inch first  insertion, 25c each subsequent insertion. Contract advertising. $1 an inoa per month.  Legal Notices: 12c a line first insertion: 8c a line  each subsequent insertion.  Reading Notices and Locals: 15e a line.  MARCH 12. 1914  The only logical way out. of It  seems to be for the outside district  to effect its own organization, and  join hands with the other organizations in the Valley in assisting the  Government in better serving the district. Enderby association can be  of much more service to the district  by retaining its working organization  than it could possibly be if it were  to sink its working organization in  an association not yet tried out.  B. C. APPLES IN AUSTRALIA  AN IMPORTANT STEP  The meeting of the' Enderby Con  servative Association -last .Saturday  evening was interesting from many  view points, but more particularly  as showing the awakening of the outside distrirt to its need of organization. Organization seems to be thc  order of the day. It , comes up in  all phases ' of life, and why not in  politics ? But there is one phase of  the proposition coming from the committee representing the outlying districts which shows a weakness, and  we believe' should be pointed out.  A closer organization ol the outlying  district is unquestionably, a good  thing and a commendable move. But  such an organization to be a success,  must be based upon practical lines.  Distrirt organizations are always  made up of smaller organizations  working hand in hand to accomplish  _a-SCt_purposc._ . _Hence_we have the  Okanagan United Growers, with its  duly organized independent unions in  each of the Valley towns; the independent Conservative assoc ations is  each of the wards in Vancouver and  Victoria, and so on all along the line  ���������������������������instances too numerous to mention.  If the district    outside  of Enderby  .and ..Us immediately  contiguous territory" feKs justified "in organizing ~an  association, the movement should  havc,%and no doubt will have, the  support of Enderby district Conservatives to a man; but to ask the  Enderby association to sink its usefulness and its identity in an organization not yet tried out, is asking  more than the Conservatives of Enderby are prepared to do.  We believe every organization, political or otherwise, should give an  accounting of its stewardship whenever called upon, to its members.  And it is the common belief, also,  that every organization should give  a reasonable cause for its existence,  and some accounting of work well  done before it can hope to "ride to  glory" on the backs of the men who  have footed the bills and established  a working organization of fifteen  years' standing. There should be an  organization of the district between  Sicamous and Enderby. The Enderby organization, so far as we are  able to find out, always has been  prepared to meet all requirements in  this direction. ��������������������������� What has been lacking to make this possible in the past  is membership. An organization can  not carry on business in a locality  from which there are no members.  - Nearly, half a million . boxes,. equal  to something like 26,500,000 pounds,  of British ���������������������������Columbia apples were marketed, last season, according to figures compiled by Mr. R. G. L. Clark,  chief inspector in B. C. ior the Fruit  ���������������������������'inspection department, and his assistant, Inspector A. H. Flack, says the  Vancouver Province. The greater  proportion ol the fruit was grown in  the Okanagan, with' the Kamloops  district next in point of production,  and the Grand Forks section taking  third- place.  Here are the returns from each district: Vancouver Island and the Gulf  Islands, 15,560 boxes; lower mainland  3000; Kamloops, 35,750; Okanagan,  371,000; Keremeos, 7000; Grand Forks,  33,000; Nelson, 10,000; Creston, 13,-  500;- Arrow Lakes, 1500; total, 499,310  boxes for entire Province.  As indicating the extent of the  fruit growing industry, Mr. Clark  states that about 50,000 cases of  ^pcaches,=-=85,000���������������������������=crates-of-=-plumrs^and=  prunes; 12,000 crates of cherries; 8500  cases of apricots, 8000 crates of pears  were shipped out from the various  districts last year.  The shipment of B. C. grown apples from Vancouver to Australia  and New Zealand last -. year established a new record, 31,127 cases being  consigned    overseas  as  compared  ONE NEVER CAN TELL  There were   seven   men,   there   were  seven minds,  There    were ��������������������������� seven   humans of seven  kinds;  And none   who   had   known in early  days  These men who   travelled their seven  waja     ;  Would have thought   that the crook  would a parson be  Or the knave would take up humanity.  But   you   neyer   can   tell���������������������������and     the  moral is here;  Don't accept   things   always as they  appear,  For under   the   gristle   and skin and  bone  Is something that works in a way of  its own���������������������������  And you never   know   tne saint from  the knave  This side of the   age of the common  grave.���������������������������Baltimore Sun.  WALT   MASON'S   PREACHER  Last eve I   sought   the church and  hea'id a    gifted    pastor    preach   the  Word.     He talked of men whose days  were over two thousand years ago or  more.      He    talked   of   kings   whose  bones were dust, whose sceptres were  reduced to   rust    so    long ago their  stories    seemed    like   fragments of a  summer dream.     He said no word of  those who   strive-  in this old world  intense, alive, who fight their battles  every day, obscurely,    in their feeble  way.     I'd    just    as   soan be in the  dark  concerning   Father Noah's  ark;  I care not for   the tents of Baa., or  Joseph's . corn,    or  Jonah's whale;  I  want to hear my    pastor talk about  the people on ttis block, whose lives  are full of stings and smarts,  whose  problems    often   break   their hearts.  I'd rathec learn   some, way to cheer  some hopeless toiler struggling here,  than   learn    how   Pharaoh   blew his  dough about five thousand years ago.  The dust of kings in  ancient ground  is worth a half a   cent a pound;1 and  Ashur's widows' tears were dried before old    Julius    Caesar"   died;    the  things of which my pastor talks are  dead as Adam's   brindled ox, but all  around us there are cries and wringing hands and   weeping   eyes.     He'll  have to get his text on straight, and  bring his gospel up-to-date.  BANK of MONTREAL  Established 1817  Capital, $16,000,000 (paidup)  Rett,  $18,009,0W  :,..,..'-���������������������������-' H. V. Meredith, Esq., President  Sir Frederick Williams-Taylor, General Manager  BRANCHES IN LOND  MJ..-NBW YORK and CHICAGO.  SArVINGS <Mpartment  Deposits received from $ jiwardtfcud'��������������������������� interest allowed at current rates.  Interest creditednjOth June and 31et December.,  ENDERBY BRANCH  \.  A. E. TAYLOR, Manager  3  Fix up your nouse, Barn,  and Outbuildings  Here are   some   epecials in lumber while, they last:  No. 2, 2x4, per thousand  $ 13.00  No. 2 Lata, per thousand .    1-75  Short Cord Wood      8.75  OKANAGAN SAW M ILLS.Ltd. E���������������������������d.rby  Finestih  "Enderby is a charming villiage with city airs.  When Paddy Murphy shook the snow of Sandon  off his feet he came here, and now ownsjme ot  finest brick hotels in the coimtry, -Although  Paddy is an Irishman from Michigan, he calls his  hotel the King Edward..In. addition to the excellence of the meals, breakfast is served up to 10  o'clock, which is an added attraction for tourists.  , :   (Extract from Lowery's L������������������d������������������e.)  King Edward Hotel, &JfURPHY Enderby  WEDNESDAY  HALF-HOLIDAY  Fire, Life, Accident  ;     INSURANCE AGENCIES  REAL ESTATE       ~      NOTARY PUBLIC  Fruit Lend Hey. Land  Town Lots  The Liverpool & London & Globe Ins. #Jo.  The Phoenix Insurance do. of London.  London-Laneashire Fire Insurance Go.  Royal InsuraneeCo.,������������������f Liverpool (L*e C������������������pt  The London & Lancashire Guarantee  Accident Co.. at Canada.  BELL BLOCK.   ENDERBY  We, the undersigned, merchants and  businessmen of Enderby, agree to  close our places of business for the  regular weekly Wednesday half-holiday, closing at 12.30 p. m. and remaining closed until the following  morning; excepting only when^ tbe  week is broken by any other holiday,  when the legal holiday will be observed instead, commencing on the  first Wednesday in April, and contin-  Tobacco  and  Smoker's Supplies  The best in everything for  the smoker. Pouches and  cigar and cigarette holders  of the best quality and the  newest designs.  A. REEVES  uing until the last Wednesday in October, 1914.  POLSON MERCANTILE CO.  GEORGE R. SHARPE, ;  ENDERBY SUPPLY COMPANY,  S. H. SPEERS,  MURRIN HARDWARE CO.  A. W. PRIOR,  P. PYMAN,  :   HENRY; -PETERS,���������������������������- :~  DILL BROS,  W.  J.   WOODS,  J. E. CRANE,  CHAS.   OPPERTSHAUSER.  GET READY FOR SPRING WQRK  I have taken over the harness business of Mr. C., .Rutherford, and am carrying -the most complete line of harness  and horseman's supplies in the Valley. Everything made  right here by a harnessmaker of long experience.  HENRY   PETERS,   Cliff St., Enderby  <Saceet.er UC: RUTHERFORD) ��������������������������� - <w.    _       - ��������������������������� j  Druggist & Stationer  Cliff St.  Enderby  OF CANADA.  A Joint Account is a  Great Convenience  For family funds. It may be  opened with the  Union Bank of Canada  in the names of two persons,  either of whom can make deposits  or withdraw money when in town  or when passing the bank._ It is  especially convenient if the  husband is frequently away on  trips, as it enables the wife to  procure funds for expenses on  her own signature alone.  Enderby Branch,      J. W. G1LLMAN, Nap  Swimming Against  == the Stream���������������������������.====���������������������������  Is tike trying to do ��������������������������� successful  business without advertising.  And it Is not expensive to a������������������������������������"  desirable publicity by the use of  printers' ink. Otir Classified  Want Ads. cost little and are  reed by,nearly everyone.  Try them is e system tonl������������������  for year business.  ij^rw-jj  Mr". * <K������������������'*������������������  ������������������������������������������������������Vessels Large Mar  Venture More, but  LittleIShips Must Stay  Near Shore."  The Urge dlepUr ede. **>��������������������������� i<x>d  for' the '"Imt*?1 business end'the  Classified Want Ada. ere rifW-  tloeatatr good for the amall Ar������������������.  Ih fact at"*? ���������������������������������������������*���������������������������> *rm* bmcm'mm  aueh br the diligent met the  CleSetned Column*. There e*������������������  ample U good-  When your Letter Paper runs low, let  lis i>rint the next lot.       Walker Press &  Thursday, March 12, 1914  THE ENDERBY PRESS AND WALKER'S WEEKLY  Hon. Price Ellison Gives Glear-Ciit  Resume of Provincial J5ji$iiess  In hiq   huriffet    STlPPCh    in   thp f <>evel?Pment "&?'.'tfeep/fhe   deliberate  111 ms   DUQget   SpeeCIl    HI   ine   policy��������������������������� o������������������ the,Government,and  it  was  Provincial Legislature ten days  ago, the Minister of Finance and  Agriculture, gave, a comprehensive statement of the business  and development of the Province  the past year, and' his statement  should command the interest of  everyone desiring to' know the  amount'of progress made. In  his opening remarks Mr. Ellison  said:  Mr.  Speaker:��������������������������� ,  In rising on the fourth occasion on  which I have had the,honor to deliver  the annual- Budget Speech, I wish "before entering into details of the financial, statement;  to .dwell   briefly  uponf  the   financial   situation   in   a, general  way.    As you are*aware, since twelve  ,   months' ago there has been a considerable change in the actual condition of  , affairs, and it has been an unexpected  change.    At that time speculation ,was  active,   the   volume   of   business   was  very   large,   the   circulation  of  money  free, credits were/high and the inflow  of revenue  to  the provincial  treasury  rapid.   A few months later matters assumed   a   somewhat   altered   aspect���������������������������  not   from -any   local   cause���������������������������but   from  causes which may be regarded as general.     The   entire J world   almost   h'ad  been   affected   by   a   financial   stringency. .As to just what the causes were  there  has  been  a variety  of  opinions  1 expressed.    There is little doubt about  it,, however,   that   the   rumors   of, impending   war .between   Great   Britain  and   Germany   at'   first , affected   .the  money markets and rendered investors  fearful, so that the promoters of various ..enterprises    seeking,   capital    in  ^  Great Birtain were met  in  that, attitude- of-"mind.    The ' inflow  of British  money   was   seriously   checked.     Then  followed  the Balkan difficulties  which  increased. the" apprehension of~a" geh-  'eral war.. .There was also the trouble  in  China.    The demand for^ war loans  at- a   high   rate   of   interests-absorbed  a   great'amount'- of-available   capital.  'At the same time the'abnprmai expansion   in   business   and   industrial   activities-, called   for   more   money   than  - the money markets, especially with the  * other    extraordinary    demands,    could  supply;, and- iriore, than.anything else,  so, far- as we were concerned, the immense'requirements in the way,of railway construction, and municipal expenditure in,Canada led to   he fear'in  - financial circle's 'that tlie country was.  borrowing. beyond- its   means ^to   pay.  'There' was, as a consequence, a sudden and unexpected shortage,of money  for all purposes! in the Old Couritry.it  was evidently decided to call a halt  in order that financial- affairs might  have an opportunity' to adjust themselves, and that the borrowing public  might be impressed with the necessity  of economy being exercised and,, of  making less hurry in large' undertakings with the view of credit b2'ns  maintained.     - -  ��������������������������� :  Tbe Financial  Situation.  A careful analysis of the entire situation, however, shows that /while  financiers were temporarily alarmed'  and acted with the expected' .caution,'  at��������������������������� no time . were 'there .elements of  danger. Although.! speculative acr  tivities were checked, the volume of  ^industrial���������������������������and~eornmcrcial^-business.  was. not materially diminished. In  fact,' for the whole of Canada it greatly increased over the' previous year.  The general opinion of the. financial  world now is that, while thc temporary  shortage of money pinched in many  places, the country .will be better off in  the long run, because in the excess of  good times we have -been experiencing  the tendency to strike too fast a pace.  Thc financial strinaency has now happily passed over and confidence-in investments is restored. From every  source comes the cheerful Information  that money is much,easier. The Bank  of England rate of Interest has been  reduced, which is. the, surest indication  of an Improved financial condition, and  large-flotations are being successfully  negotiated and arc being over-subscribed. We have had, for instance,  $7,500,000 of the bonds of. the Pacific  Great Eastern, guaranteed :by the  ��������������������������� p-rovincc, over-subscribed and sold at  a.:premlum, a fact attesting bo.thyto  the plentiful supply of money and the  excellent credit 6"f the province.. An  issue of the debentures of the municipality, of North Vancouver was also  successfully disposed ,bf.  The financial stringency has. of  course, had some effect upon the revenues,'of the province, but these liave  been well maintained.. The appropriations for 19M-1915," as will be seen,  have been considerably- reduced this  yedr. There are, however, large undertakings such as the provincial university .Strathcona Park, certain public buildings arid trunk roads that must  be completed, arid for all these purposes it will be necessary to borrow  .money.. We cannot go'back; we. must  go forward to keep'pace with the great  developments following upon the construction of .railways, and the important' increase of population. '"���������������������������'������������������������������������������������������  The Government has been severely  criticized on account of the fact that  It-has. practically exhausted its surplus, and surprise lias ;Ueon expressed  ' nn that account.    The fact is that the  well   known  at  least; to  every  public-  man in the province.    During the'last  two fiscal years���������������������������1912-13 and 1913-1-1���������������������������  the    estimated    deficits    amounted    tc  over ?13,000,000.    That fact must have  been familiar to every one who takes  the   slightest   interest   in   public   Affairs,  and  It  was  not  one  which   the  Government  endeavored   in" any  sense  to conceal.    It, therefore, is not something   which   should   have   occasioned  any  surprise.     It   is   a   tribute   to   the  financial policy of the present Government that it has been enabled to create  revenue's and surpluses which, perrnit-  ted   the   Legislature   to   expend   such  large sums  on works  of development,  which placed the province at least ten  years    ahead   <bf    what    it    otherwise  would  have been.    The actual deficits  have'not, or will not, for the two years  in question amount to more .than half  of the estimated deficits, owing to actual   receipts   and   expenditures   being  curtailed,  but  in  any;  event  the-Government's, policy of expenditure was a  definite one and one for which it accepts full responsibility.  Development   of   Roads.  From all parts of the province have  come demands for roads, trails, bridges  and .public  works  of every, kind.    To  show to what extent the requirements  in  the way of roads alone  are,  there  are in existence  20,000/.miles-of completed  or partly, completed  roads. , In  ten   years   the   Government'has   spent  about $20,000,000  on roads  and trails.  Last  year   in   order   to  determine   the'  further   requirements/in   t'he   way "of  new roads arid of the. completion up to  standard of existing roads, road superintendents-   throughout- ' the    province  were   asked   by   the   Department   of  Works   to   send   in. estimates   for. the  present and irrimediate future requirements,  with accompanying statements  of the character1 of trie" country to be  served and  the reasons; for  their construction.   .Very complete and'detailed  returns    were' received."    Very    few  people' realize -.the r-'immense^territory  to be-^erved and the,vast responsibility  involved   in   opening/.the'- country  .to  serve' purposes' .of "development.     To  link up the system' of roads, as shown  by. the  estimates received,-it will  require "the'enormous sum-of $55,000,000,  and  that does  not  by  ariy  means  in-,  elude the .requirements of the years to  come. . In *a rougher -way it7-has been  estiriiated/^ that   between   '^lOO.OOO^OOO  and . $125^80,000. will be "ultimately re:  quired.    When we consider that since  the-census-taking ' of   1901 .the   population, "of'the'-province   has   been   increased,  by   350,000,, in   other   words  trebled,-"we   can   understand   in   some  measure the increased demands on tlie.  treasury so created, not only in roads  and    traiis, ��������������������������� but    in   requirements    of  every character.    Outside of the population   of   the* various, urban   centres,  there are 250,000; person's employed  in  the timber, fiishery, mining and farming industries, and th'ese are scattered  from end to end of the province. -The  population   bf   the   province   will ,increase in a similar if not greater ratio  for some years to come, and it is submitted as a wise and necessary policy  that provision should be made as' soon  as,possible for the inevitable needs of.  the near  future,  which  must be  provided for if'we are to reap the benefits  of our extensive natural resources  so,  widely distributed.    It is also submitted  as' a wise  policy  that  we' should  Sorrow-money���������������������������for���������������������������this^purpose-and=it  is only right that the increased population should help to pay for the public   improvements   created   in   advance  for their benefit.  We have to offset our present debt  and proposed increased liabilities, arrears of land and tpwnsite sales and  also all prospective profits from town-  sites amounting to many millions of  dollars. The arrears are bearing interest nt six por cent, per annum and  thc, greater part of the land s'old isas-  sessod as wild land arid taxed at four  per cent, on values ranging from $2,50  to at least $10.00 per acre. It has not  been deemed wise while the financial  depression lasted to press for the payment, of arrears,, because any sudden  or wholesale demand would affect the  public at large .In increasing the  stringency. , The Government just as  soon-as times sufficiently Improve will  glyo due notice so that the holders-  will have ample time to make their  arrangements, - Of course, land not  paid for will revert to the Government  and-will be open*tfBr pre-eriiptlon, and  if it were all to revert to the Government, the.province could not be in any  deg'ree the loser but the gainer to tho  extent' which payments have already  been made,,. Those who , have been  criticizing . the Government's land  policy could not consistently object to  that. '  The Government, however, does not  anticipate any serious defaults in payment, and it is inevitable that under  the present system the-holders of land  must improve and settle their land as  soon as communication, is provided, as  it would be unprofitable to hold.  Agricultural  Production.      4  Just here, as Minister of Agriculture,  I wish to refer to-what opponents of  the Government charge in respect to  what is alleged as a decrease in production from the land attributable to  its land policy. The .actual figures  show  that during the past ten years  spending of the surplus on  works of   there has  been, a very large  Increase  iii   agricultural   production.     This   is  proved by the Dominion census figures  arid  confirmed   by   the  returns  to   the  Agricultural Department.    The production has more than trebled.   Thero has,  it   is   true,   been   a   decrease   in' dairy  products   during   the   past   two   years,  as    shown    by    the    decrease    in    the  amount  of  creamery  butter  manufactured.   But any decrease in this branch  has  been  far more than offset by  increases in other branches of the farming industry, as shown  by the statistics  which  I  will   give  later  on.    But  quite apart from that the^fact that at  least nine-tenths  of the land  sold  by  the  Government  is  in  sections  of  the  province  not   yet   opened   by   railways  and   consequently   not   yet  capable  of  production from lack of transportation  shows   how   absurd   the   contention   is  that the land policy of the Government  could be responsible for any decline in  production   even' if  there  had  been  a  decline.    There have been in ten years  18,921 pre-emptions filed.    That, if the  theory   of   the   Opposition   be   correct,  ought   to   have   made  sufiicient  difference in the production to have proved  it   correct;   but   the' truth   is   that  all  lands  within  easy  reach  of communication   were  alienated   years   ago   and  recent,pre-emptors are yet without the  means   of   transportation, -which   the  Governrrient  is  endeavoring  to  supply  with   all   possible   speed.     Many   pre-  emptors are improving and developing  their claims and when adequate facilities   of   transportation   are   supplied  .will be in a position to ship their products   to   market.'    The   producing  sections   of   the   province   are   the   older  parts alienated or pre-empted long before this Government came'into power,  and include nearly all the lands available for cultivation until better means  of communication have.been provided.  Whatever,   therefore,   may  be   said   of  the land policy  of the Government  it  could not be successfully alleged that  it has affected  the matter of production  up  to  the  present  time.    On  the  other hand  the  policy  of  the department over which I preside has greatly  encouraged' the   agricultural   industry  and   improved   methods   of   production  and   brought   more   people   on   to   the  land, and I think no reasonable person  will   deny   that   in- those  respects   the  Government   has   spared   any   possible  effort. 7 -"    >   > .  THE  PUBLIC  ACCOUNTS  OP  1012-1 a.  "/Coming now  to the public .accounts  off,i912'-13,,we find,that whilejthe-e'sti-;  mated   'revenue''" 'was'" ������������������10,387,000,"   tlie  actual'revenue was $12,510,2i5, orVover  $2,000,000   more   than   was   estimated.'  On  the  other "hand   the estimated .'expenditure of $17,011,000-was reduced'to'  an   actual- expenditure   of   $15,444,822;  leaving an actual deficit of about $3,-  000,000  instead of tan estimated-deficit)  of nearly  $7,000,000.    The .lapsed   balance of $2,070,379  win, be..found in'detail in the public accounts for the year.  Estimated   Receipts!  From'    the"   estimated    receipts    for  1914-15 ^submitted it will be seen that  tlie -revenue  is  slightly lesi   than  the'  estimates   for   the   present   year   and  these, have been  conseryativly framed  and with a view to present, conditions.!  I shall deal briefly  with *-he principal  changes made.    Land sales have been  reduced    $500,000    and    land ' revenue  $100,000.     Timber   licenses   have   been  increased $25,000 and timber leases reduced   $20,000.    -The   item   of   timber  sales,   $110,000   is   now 'and  is  created  under   the   provision   of   the   Forestry  Act'of the session, permitting the sale  f timber in small lots.    The revenue  from   real   property   tax  has. been   increased   by   $4 5,000,   from   wild   land  $100,000,   and   from   personal   property  anrd~income_$557000r"Ke"ceiTTts_frdm5=coal"  and   coke   tax   have   been   reduced   by  $50,000,  a reduction  based  on receipts  during tho present year.    A most important  advance   of   $90,000   has   been  made in  game  licenses,  showing   how  important   an    asset    game,    properly  conserved,   is.    Veos   from   joint  stock  companies have been reduced by $32,-  000, while fees under the motor regulation Act have boon Increased by $40,-  000.    The  fees of $27,000-from  moving  pictures   are   also   a   new "source   of  revenue.    Interest (miscellaneous)  has  been   reduced   by   $150,000   consequent  upon   the  withdrawal  of  money  from  the banks.  RMtinintcH of K.\'i������������������riu1itiirp.  The chief feature of the Budget Is  the very large reduction In the cstl-  m'atcs of expenditure, amounting to  considerably over $5,000,000. , The total  estimate is $13,700,000 as against $19,-  000,000 for the present fiscal year.  Civil service salaries are $327,000 in  excess of last year. Nearly .$250,000  of this is accounted for in new officials  in the forestry department, land registry and police, which have been rendered necessary by growing require-  rnent3. Some statutory officials are  now included in the estimates; provision ,also being made for. tho municipal department. About $75,000 of the  vote is for statutory increase of salaries. In education, (salaries provision has been made for the occupation of the new normal school In Victoria,, which will be opened on the first  of August. A- detective branch has  been added to the police force. Provision in salaries has been made for  the industrial school just started in  the vicinity of Vancouver; also for the  removal of the government agency at  Barkervlfle to Quesnel.  Hospitals and charities' have been reduced $120,000, in accordance with thc  policy of general retrenchment. The  administration of justice has increased  $60,000. Thc expense in connection  with   this   department    is    constantly  growing in consequence of increasing  population. The vote for education has  been increased $300,000 owing to the  increase in the per capital allowance,  as the result; of the increase of population and increased grants to assisted  schools. $96,800 of the appropriation  is for technical education, a. new departure and one calculated to have  beneficial results. Public works have  been reduced from $9,6'00,000 to $5,300,-  000, being a reduction in all of $4,300,-  000 as compared .with the estimates of  the present year. Many of the works  and buildings fpr the province are  nearly 'completed and it is riot now  ncces'sary to make further large appropriations. There is a vote of $150,-  000 for government buildings at Prince  B-upert, $500,000 for the provincial university, and $486,000 for -public school  buildings. In roads, streets and  bridges'- there has been a uniform reduction to $2,800,000, making a total  reduction  of  $3,000,000.  MlNCcllaneoiiN Expenditure.  Under the head of miscellaneous/ the  appropriation for a forestry branch has  increased from $253,000 to. $331,000.  This increase is not only necessary in  the interests of efficiency, but it is  justified by results obtained from the  forestry service. 'Appropriations under  the head of "lands branch" were decreased from $270,000 to $146,000, and  of the Surveyor General's department  from $773,000 to $608,000. It will be  seen that the "water rights branch has  increased from $125,000 ' to $192,000.  This increase was rendered necessary  by the getting'of the records in shape  and the making of surveys in connection with the water sheds. Under  the head of deaprtment of railways is  -included $340,000 for the improvement  of -the Songhees Reserve, also a re-  vote of $50,00*0 to the Canadian Pacific  Railway for the reconstruction of the  Kaslo-Slocan, an equal amount having  already been paid. A vote of $400,000  in aid of the second Narrows Bridge,  Burrard Inlet, has been renewed.  Puhllc ������������������ei������������������t.  The net debt of the province, exclusive of the $1,500,000 of treasury  bills, due 28th of May prox.- is $8,500,-  000. When the proposed loan of $10,-  000,000 is floated it will be $18,500,000.  Against this we, have arrears of land'  sales of $13,000,000 bearing sjx per  cent, .interest as against the three per  cent.'-interest on the old, indebtedness  and the four-and one-half per cent, on  the; proposed .new issue of "$10,000,000r,  so that.in reality.-our debt ���������������������������\yill>,be--very  smal7after the new-liability" is incurred." When-we, consider" the'-'vast- as"-,  ���������������������������sets we have-in land, in townsites,, in  timber, coal and ��������������������������� other minerals, and  fish, he must be very'pessimistic iri-*  deed and of little faith-who'will contend -that .this province cannot bear,  with^a large margin, of safety many,  times the debt already incurred. If we  compare the two"new. provinces of Al-  Columbia in that respect, we find the  first, without Its natural resources, has  a bonded, iridebte-dn'ess of $26,333,533,  and the latter -one of $15,000,000.  I,shall now proceed to review the industrial and other conditions of the  province for. the year 1913, and I am  glad to say that, notwithstanding the  temporary -jnoney stringency, the''  record,'as shown, by.-figures, has been  a very satisfactory one.  MRS. PARADIS, Dress Making Parlor, Clifl street; second building  from .furniture store. Fashionable  dressmaking and , ladies' tailoring.  Reasonable prices. Work promptly  executed.  DECLINE SUBSTITUTES  In Idaho a .little girl weighing"48  pounds was" recently, sent by. parcel-  post from Grangeviile to Lewiston  for 53' cents.*J&.'   , \  ,    \,  DISSOLUTION NOTICE.  ��������������������������� Notice ��������������������������� is-, hereby- 'given that the.-  co-partnership ^ heretofore:", subsisting ".  under the firm name of Attenborough  & Courtenay', "merchants, - ot .Enderby;;-J  B. ��������������������������� C. a is. this<��������������������������� day..-;"dissolved by- mu- :  tual-.consent.'. ___-.,.-7  *.-^���������������������������?_-_J.'~''-J.-&.:".'~.'-'  ". All de^ts"*Vowing'n"to",YhT!;sald7fifjin7:  are f to ��������������������������� be - paid :.to * the .Poison -Mer can; :  tile ;Companyi and "all .debts' contract -  ted'by "us" will be paid-by-,therPoison/.  Mercantile    Company^. _to - whom all-  accounts.- have , been turned- "over.--,  -     \    -r   R.   C.   ATTENBOROUGH, "  'Dated.at Enderby, B. C.,,this ,14tb  berta and   Saskatchewan,  with British flay of February   1914."V' -" ' 7- "  -.���������������������������r. j- l  "���������������������������     *r*.   I  ��������������������������� ���������������������������,������������������f ��������������������������� ��������������������������� ���������������������������  ��������������������������� w. <  our  Just a small amount of  our odd lines of Paints  left, and to clean out  we will continue  sale for ONE  T  r^TVrr^t?!?      Gallons, $2.00  J-rWlN O-dlV.    Half Gals. $1.05; Qts, 55c  Only a few gallons left. Do not delay. Buy now !  We are sole agents for Sherman-Williams' Paints  We are closing out our Wagons, Buggies and  Implements AT COST.  Get our prices on Wire Fencing---they're Right.  YOU WILL LIKE OUR GOODS  Successor to FULTON HARDWARE CO. ::*���������������������������:������������������������������������������������������  THE ENDERBY PRESS AND WALKER'S WEEKLY  Thursday, March 12, 1914  Agricultural Conditions in B. C.  Show Much Improvement in 1913  per  cent,   capacity  was  employed.    It  will   be   seen,   therefore,   that   for   the  pressed   by   the   fact   that   the- gross  revenue   from- timber   was   ?3,000,000,  present the milling capacity is much in'while the netTC.ost(of the Forestry De-  As Minister of Agriculture,  Hon. Price Ellison, in handing  down the Provincial Estimates  just before prorogation last week,  gave a splendid summing up of  agricultural conditions in the  Province.   He said:  So much has been said of late in the  press   and   upon   thc   public   platform  about   agricultural   production   in   this  province  that I. wish  on  this occasion,  as ���������������������������'��������������������������� Minister ������������������������������������������������������ of ��������������������������� 'Agriculture,   to   deal  especially and at some length with "the  subject.    It has been stated repeatedly  that there has been a decline in agricultural   production   and   that  that  has  been   due   to   the   land . policy   of   the  Government.     I   am   in   a   position   to  .show  absolutely  that, such  statements  are wholly without foundation.    1 have  already dealt with  the land policy and  its  relation   to  production,  and I  shall  here confine myself to  the question  of  production  itself.    Last year,although  every care possible was exercised, the  amount of imports was ''underestimated  by several  milliotis.    This was due  to  the   difficulty   of   obtaining   exact   statistics   of   imports   from   Eastern   Canada, of which there is no official record.  Our estimate of  production  was,  however, 'approximately correct.   This year.  in order to get exact information and  a basis of comparison for future years,  I   sent  out  a  staff  of  competent   men  who   visited   every   producing   district,  obtaining   the   returns   direct   and    in  person,   and   who   also   interviewed  all  the leading importers.    T am  therefore,  now in a position  to say definitely and  authoritatively   that   the   figures   given  today   are  correct,  both  as  to   production and   importation.    Thc figures for  1912   were   also   revised   as   closely  as  possible.    T do not propose to give you  all   the details,  because 'the  statement  will be published  in full;'but the total  production,    under    the    six    different  heads shown,  for 1013.  was ������������������23,074,529,  or practically $2.1,000,000, an increase of  over $1,700,000 as compared  with   1012.  To show in a word that the statements  fof our critics referred to are absurdly  incorrect,   J   find   that   the  agricultural  and animal  products of British Columbia, as shown in the census returns of  1001,   amounted   to   $6,000,000,   so   that  we now  produce nearly  four times  as  much  as we did  twelve years ago.    H  is  true that our. figures show  that  w.n  import about $20,000,000 worth of agricultural  produce, or a  considerable increase  from  year   to  year,  and  that  is  taken as an evidence that we-must be  producing   less���������������������������a   most   foolish    conclusion���������������������������but .we   must   bear   in   mind  that   the   population   has   increased   by  350.000, or,in other words trebled, since  1901.     H   is   true   that   dairy  products,  ���������������������������and   hay   and   grain   show   a   decrease,  but   every   other   item   of   production  shows   a   substantial    increase.      Live  stock,   poultry   and   eggs,   fruits   and  vegetables,   and   meats  arc rapidly  increasing.     Mr.   Thomas   Cunningham's  report of  inspection  of nursery stock  shows    that   he    inspected    over    5,000  cases of bulbs, about MS,000 fruit trees,  1.C0O   nut  and   fig   trees,  neariy  900,000  seedlings and grafts, over 300,000 small  fruit bushes and about 422,000 of miscellaneous.   These figures from year to  year prove that  there  must' be a very  great  increase of orchard area all  the  time.    As a matter of fact, as 1 travel  around    among    the    farmers    I    find,  especially    in    the    outlying   districts,  that   the   development   is   very   great.  -���������������������������"Sear_.U.i.e_.to\yjis_thc speculation in real  (.-state    has    deterred    pfSfltfc t itsiiT-^rrftf  hind either having been divided up. into  lots  or  become  too  high   to  be  profitable    for    farming.      I.   find    also,    Mr.  Speaker, a greatly aroused  interest in  fanning  generally.    Not  only   are   tho  farmers  themselves  taking a new and  keen interest in their problems, but thc  people as a whole are turning their attention to thc land as a solution of the  high price of living.   There is a strong  .spirit   in' favor of co-operation  in  thn_  farm tig   community   and   for   the   first  time   in   this   province   there  are   good  grounds for tlie hope that the farmers  products of the farm.    In fact a better  state    of    affairs    prevails    generally,  owing  to   the  cessation  of  speculation  in farming lands which though an evidence  of  prosperity, nevertheless hindered   rather   than   promoted   agricultural   development.     Lands   will    now  find   their normal level  and  there will  be more settled and more real farming  in the accessible districts.   Thc federal  grant given under the Dominion Agricultural Instruction Act to  this  province   was   $17,335   and   is   being   spent  upon   lines   as   agreed   upon   between  the two governments, largely in educational    and    demonstrational    work.  The   work   performed   by   the  Department   of   Agriculture   during   the   year  was    exceptionally    heavy.      The    appropriation     in     aid     of     agriculture  amounted   to  $321,OSS,   providing  for a  large staff of expert instructors in thc  field,   the 'preparation  of bulletins  and  regular courses of instruction.    Fifteen  new   farmers'   institutes   were   incorporated   during   the   year,   there  being  now a membership of 8,072.    There are  now also 35 women's institutes with a  membership   of   over   2,000.     Demonstration work in all branches of agri-  culture-^live   stock,   dairying,   poultry  raising,      horticulture,      fruit-packing,  cow   testing,   dairying   farm   competitions, stock .-judging contests, etc.,  etc.  ���������������������������-was strongly  featured.    Careful   and  thorough   work   has   been   done   in   the  inspection of  fruit and  nursery stock,  and dairy herds and premises, and most  beneficial  results are  following  everywhere.   '"Exhibition and publicity work  was carried on more actively last year  than  ever  before.    Large and  splendid  exhibits  were sent  to various  fairs  in  the    Middle   West,    the   Toronto    Exhibition,  the Chicago  Land  Show,  and  in   Great  Britain;   the   exhibits   everywhere   receiving  as   usual   the  highest  awards, and the province for the eighth  time   was  awarded   the  gold   medal  at  the   Royal   Horticultural   Society   Show  in  London,   England.    Exhibition   work  during the past year in  Great Britain  probably attracted more attention than  any  previous  effort.    As  usual, a very  large amount of matter was distributed   through   the   Agricultural   Department,    tlie    Bureau   of   Provincial   Information and the office of the General  Agent in London.  1 may say that 'the Department of  Agriculture has rapidly increased its  sphere of usefulness and the entire  staff of officials are doing their work  in an active and conscientious way.  There are many difficulties to be met  with in connection with agriculture in  a province such as British Columbia  is, arisng out of the physical nature of  the country, its expensive land clearing and the long distances to be  traversed to market. For: the purpose  of solving in a practical way some of  these difficulties and bettering the conditions, generally, of the farming community, the Government appointed a  commission composed of men���������������������������all  practical farmers���������������������������whose report has  been submitted to you. It is hoped  that by adopting as many of the .recommendations of this commission as  the Government can see its way to do,  the usefulness of the Agricultural Department may be further greatly increased thereby.  MJ.MMSK.  Reference is here made to the condition of the lumber industry during  1013. From the official scaling returns  it appears that there was a cut of  1.457.041,930  feet, and  in excess of all  excess of the demand. Owing to the  great depreciation which occurs in idle  plants, a number of mills are now run  without profit rather than close down,  so that it will be several years yet before business is likely to become  normal. American competition is another factor of the situation. Mills in  Washington, Oregon, Idaho and Montana are also greatly overstocked and  are dumping in Western Canada. Importations from these sources for the  past three years were as follows:  1911 . '    26-1,413,000 feet  1912    300,000,000 feet  1913    133,145,000 feet  Millmen state that the taking off of  the duty on rough lumber in the United  States will not for some years, except  in  the higher grades, make much difference in the sale of lumber, from this  province..;  Generally   speaking,   as   to  the immediate future thc prospects are-  uncertain.     While   the   industry   is   an  exceedingly  large  and   important  one,  representing the largest single investment of  capital among  the industries  and  employing the  largest number  of  persons, the producing capacity is out  of proportion to the market at present.  I am speaking now of temporary conditions   only.     Ultimately,   when   conditions of supply and demand.have adjusted   themselves,   there   can, be   no  doubt   but   that   the   industry   will   be  very profitable.    The exhaustion of the  supply  in  the United   States,  which   is  being'cut at: the rate of 40,000,000,000  feet per annum, and the opening of the  Panama Canal must greatly extend the  market in time, while in our own Middle West,  with   its  present  population  of over one million and a third changed  to nine or ten millions, there will be a  ���������������������������market'equal, to our entireoutput.  The value of the timber products, of  1913 was about $32,500,000. The foreign export trade has been steady but  not extensive.- The total was, about  51,500,000 feet, or less than one-tenth  of the export from the Pacific Coast  states. In addition. British Columbia  exported 53,000,000 feet of logs to tho  State of Washington, cut from private  lands.  The Pulp ���������������������������.Trade.  It is satisfactory to note that the  pulp and paper trade is prosperous and  promises great things for the future.'  Large quantities of pulp are being  shipped to the Orient and to the Pacific Coast states. News-print supplies  the market locally, and-is shipped to  Alberta"*and the Pacific Coast states.  The value of pulp and paper manufactured by thc Powell River and Howe  Sound mills amounted last year to over  $3,000,000. The Powell River mills  manufacture 225 tons of news-print  .and the Howe Sound mills 40 tons of  sulphite pulp daily.  Consernvtiiin  of Timber.  Tt is satisfactory also to note that  tho efforts being put forward by the  Forestry Department are giving such  excellent results, not only in revenue,  but in thc conservation of the timber.  The  value  of  the  service  is  best  ex-  partment :;to- the , province was only  $341,000, or in a ratio of one to nine as  between expense and revenue. The  system of patrol has been augmented  by what will be a complete system of  communication by telephone and telegraph to give intelligence of fires. By  a system of adequate protection and  careful conservation of the timber  areas it is hoped to maintain the timber supply permanotly undiminished.  Vhe chief .forester states that there are  in British Columbia 6,500,000 feet board  measure produced each year or five  times tlie annual cut, and that everywhere burned over and logged off lands  are being rapidly reforested.  PREAMBLE  El  So many do not succeed that they  are able,'almost, to maJce success discreditable.  SEEDS  Our Spring stock is now complete  and we are ready to take care of  your orders for Spring sowing of  timothy, clover, alfalfa arid all field  seeds; also Garden Seeds; which are  all tested in our own warehouse! We  carry a full line of fruit and ornamental stock, bee supplies, fertilizers  and all garden' requisites.  Catalogue for the asking.  THE HENRY SEED HOUSE  A. R. Macdougall, Proprietor.  524 Kingsway, Vancouver, B. C.  In order to foster and maintain a  permanent social feeling among the  merchants of Enderby; to obliterate  distrust and inspire confidence among  the members of the trade; to correct  excessive and unmercantile competition; to remove by concert of action  such evils and customs as are .against  good policy and sound business principle,���������������������������whether it be cutting of prices, selling of the wholesale house at  retail, improper house-to-house peddling, the distribution and consumption of adulterated and unwholesome goods, the use of fictitious  labels, the use of dishonest weights  and measures , or whatsoever the  evil may be,���������������������������-to disseminate useful  information, to watch and influence  legislation towards the better protection of our capital; to assist our  members in collecting delinquent accounts; to encourage the observance  of the Sabbath and all legal holidays  and to attain the results which experience has proved are not attainable by individual effort: for these  reasons we hereby resolve ourselves  into an organization to be known as  the Enderby Retail Merchants' Association.  The most useful people are those  who quietly teach temperance, honesty, industry and justice by example  and at the same time do something  for the community in Avhich they live.  from  5c a roll  up  SECRET SOCIETIES  A.F.&A.M.  Enderby Lodge No. 40  Regular meeting first  Thursday on or after the  full moon at 8p. m. in Oddfellows Hall. Visiting  brethren cordially mviled.  Not the ordinary kinds, but the popular "EMPIRE"  Papers, Cretonnes, Borders, Friezes, Etc. We have  the Spring samples in, and ask your inspection. There  is nothing that will add so much to the comforts of the  home. Real quality, artistic finish, harmonious blending, beautiful shades.    COME AND SEE THEM.  ENDERBY MUSIC STORE    J. E. Crane, Prop.  GRAHAM ROSOMAN  \V. M.  JNO. WARWICK  Secretary  =-r c-eo rd s���������������������������f-or-=tn G---P i-O-v.i nua.-.  previous  the large amount of  material  used  in  timber    construction    cut    off    Crown  themselves will take hold of the matter of marketing their own produce on  a business, co-operative basis.  f.ootl   Vcur  for Crop*.  Having now dealt with the matter of  production 1 may say that the past  yoar has boon in the main one of good  (toils throughout the province. Fair  prices   have   brx-n   socurod   for   all   the  THIS  is a  HOME  DYE  that  ANYONE,  can use  DYOLA  LThe Guaranteed "ONE DYE for  1 All Kinds of Cloth.  Clean. Simple, No Chance of MUt������������������ke������������������.  TRY  IT I   Send for Fret Color Card in<! Booklet.  |Th������������������ John������������������on.Rich������������������������������������Uon Co. Umll������������������d, ModUmI  land.s in tlie interior be added to the  total cut for thc year, the latter will  approximate 2,000,000 feet, which docs  not include thc timber cut in the Dominion Hallway' Belt. Tlie total revenue derived by the province in 101 3  from its timber assets was approximately ?���������������������������''., 000,000, and is relatively  greater than that of any other country  TtT the world; except "perhaps one���������������������������or  two of thc German states. The increased revenue from the timber industry is due largely to the efllcicncy  of the Forestry Department by which  there lias been closer scaling and much  timber brought to account that hcre-  otforc escaped oilieia] notice. This applies particularly to material cut for  railway purposes and products such as  tics, telegraph and telephone poles,  eonlwood. mining props, etc. Commercially speaking, however, notwithstanding the increased output the lumber Industry was far from prosperous.  The most fruitful cause of this condition has been ovor-production  coupled with the temoprary financial  depression which seriously affected the  building operations throughout Western Canada. A similar condition prevailed throughout the entire Pacific  Const, adding American competition as  a factor of thc .situation. According to  an estimate made by the Mountain  Mills Association, consumption in the  four western provinces decreased in  l'.il.'l by 150,000,000 feot as compared  witli Hi 12. At the same lime the production throughout the same area,  which is a market for ninety-five per  cent, of Its output, declined only 1G2.-  317,000 foot, leaving large stocks of  lumber ,on hand still unsold. Some of  the mills as a consequence have closed  down temporarily, it is slated that  thc entire capacity of the mills in  Western Canada Is 3.000,000,000 feot  per annum, whereas the actual output  of these mills last year was 7,827,000,-  000 feet, so that only about fifty-seven  iroroTF:  *t^^ Si?*^%^^) Eureka Lotiffe. No. EO  Meets every Tuesday evening ut 8 o'clock, in 1. O.  0. F1. hall. Metcalf block. ViBiling brothers ������������������l-  welcomo. W. H. LOGAN,   N. G.  JAS. MARTIN. V. G.  R.E. WHEELER. Sec'y,  GEO. BELLAMY,-Treas.  ways  ENDERBY   LODGE  No. 35. K. of P.  - Meets every^-Monday evening  in K. of P. Hall.   Visitors cordially invited to attend.  T. C. CALDER, C. C.  C. E.STRICKLAND. K.R.S.  R. J.COLTART. M.F.  HMI suitable forConcerts. Dances and all public  ontortainments.    For rates ;Bt���������������������������������������������������������������f������������������������������������.  G. G. CAMPBELL. Enderby  PROFESSIONAL  A  C. SKALING, B. A.  ���������������������������������������������*-'      Formerly of Vancouv������������������r, B. C.  Barrister, Solicitor,  Notary Public.  Bell Blk. Enderby, B.C.  D  R. H. W. KEITH,  Office hours:   Forenoon, 0 to 10:30  Afternoon, 3 to 4  Evening. 6:30 to 7:30  Sunday, by appointment  Office: Cor. Cliff and GeorgeSts. ENDERBY  G.  L. WILLIAMS  'Dominion ������������������nd  Provincial Land Surveyor  Enderby, B.C.  Bell Block  POLITICAL  ���������������������������Copynghi  Chts.lSt'lUi.  .  " -���������������������������^<-'"i-~.->.^.'r.:i.,."������������������������������������������������������>:;.-'"-���������������������������  Poultry Cuts of all breeds  for use on stationery and  **-Us* ��������������������������� ������������������%*.<������������������->-(��������������������������������������������� ~%rr    WALKER PRESS  Other printing    Enderby, B.C.  \ <$>^^m^^^><^M^^>^^4><i>A>^^ .���������������������������  E. J. Mack  < <  < >  < >  T^NDERBY   CONSERVATIVE!  ���������������������������^ ASSOCIATION !  J. l. ruttan,      h. m. walker  President. Secretary.  Livery, Feed & Sale Stables $  ENDERBY, B. C.  Good Rigs;  Careful Drivers; Draying of all kinds.  Comfortable and Commodious Stabling for teams.  Auto for Hire  Prompt attention to all customer*  Land-seekera  and Tourists invited to give us a trial.  SHUSWAP &  OKANAGAN BRANCH  Daily trains both ways from Sicamous Junction to Okanagan Landing:  South North  7:  bound  STATIONS  bound              'j  read  down  read up              j\  10:30  (Lv)  Sicamous  Jet  (Ar)  18:00               ;|  11:01  Mara  17:15             -j |  11:15  Grindrod  16:59            fj  11:29  Enderby  16:44            ||  11:55  Armstrong  ls,:15           11  12:03  Realm  16:07         J I  12:12  Larkin  15:55          1 I  12:40  Vernon  15:30         i  |  13:'i0 (Ar)  Ok. Landing  (Lv) 15:15         j   I  H. W.  BRODIE           JNO.BURNHAM         f   I  Gen. 1  Pas. Agt.  Agent                 1  1  Vancouver                   Enderby                fi f &  Thursday, March 12, 1914  THE ENDERBY PRESS AND WALKER'S WEEKLY  I'   \  It.  lilt  I   '  SUTTONO  E^E.0 0  for garden and farm ore bos t  for B.C.sdil.See Catalogue fox  solid guarantee of purity  and germination.  Send now for Copy free  Sutton ������������������Sens.Th������������������ Kind's Soedmon  R������������������������������������diM^ England  A.%|. Wo o d wa r d  Victoria    A      Vancouver  ��������������������������� 15 Forr sr. 6676ranvilleSK  IOIE AGENTS FAR BRITISH COLUMBIA  Annual Meeting of the Enderby  Conservative Association Held  ORDER NOW  ! J  WHITE WYANDOTTES and Buff Orpingtons, reliable laying strains,' $2  per setting of 15 eggs. (  BLACK MINORCAS, S. C, $1.50 per  setting of 15. ���������������������������  WHITE LEGHORNS S.C., $1.50 per  setting.  S.C. BROWN LEGHORNS���������������������������The birds  composing this flock -were bought  from H. E. Waby. We now own  this well-known strain entirely-  At the recent Okanagan Poultry  Show at Vernon, the exhibits of this  strain swept the* board in their" class,  capturing 1st cock, 1st cocknr-'l, 1st  2nd and 3rd hen, 1st pen and special;  only six birds shown.  per   setting   exhibition f>r,d  laying   strains   an ap plica -  Prices  'pedigree  cation.  We have   recently    imported   -ome  -ew blood from a well-known breeder  .n the states.    A few good. S.C.''Br.  jeghorn cockerels for sale.   -,    .  ���������������������������  Apply,  Biggie,  " Don't  served;  Capt.   Cameron- or- 0.- F.  GAINFORD RANCH,  ;     '   ' Enderby, li.C.  delay! .    First   come,     first  SYNOPSIS Of COAL MINING REGULATIONS  Coal mining rights of the Dominion  in Manitoba, Saskatchewan and Al-  btrta, the Yukon Territory, the  Northwest Territories" and a portion  of the province of British Columbia,  may be-leased for a term:of twenty-  one years at an annual rental of $1  an acre. Not more than 2,566 acres  will be leased to one applicant.  Application, for a lease must be  made by the applicant in person to  the Agent or sub-Agent .of the district in which rights applied for are  situated.    ....,,-���������������������������-    i .  In surveyed territory.the land must  be described by.', .sections, or legal  subdivisions of sections, and1 in un-  surveyed territory the tract applied  for., shall be staked out by the applicant himself.  Each .application must .be accompanied by a fee for $5 which willbe  -r������������������funded"if_the-rtghts���������������������������gpplieRi'fof^re"  not available, but not otherwise. A  royalty shall -, be paid on tbe merchantable output-of the mine at tbe  rate of five cents per ton.  The person operating the mine shall  furnish the Agent with sworn returns  accounting for the full quantity of  merchantable coal mined and pay tbe  royalty thereen. If the coal mining  rights are not being operated, such  . returns.should be furnished at least  once a year.  The lease will include the coal mining rights only, but the lessee may-be  permitted to . purchase whatever  available surface "rights may be considered necessary for the working of  the mine at the rate of. $10.00 an acr������������������  For full information application  should be made to the Secretary of  the Department of the Interior, Ottawa, or to any Agent or Sub-Agent  of Dominion Lands.  W. W, CORY,  Deputy Minister of the Interior.  N.B.���������������������������Unauthorized publication of  this advertisement    will not be paid  The annual meeting of the Enderby  Conservative Association was held ih  K. of P. Hall last Saturday evening.  The attendance was large, all but  five members ofHhe Association being  present, and in addition, a 'large  number of visitors, from Mara-and  outlying   district. It was ap-  Parent from the meeting that the  outlying district is awaking to the  need of better organization. This  was accentuated as the meeting progressed. The feeling of the outlying  district, so far as could be gathered  from the speakers pressing the claims  of the unorganized territory, was  that the Enderby Association should  lose its identity as an association in  a larger district organization taking  ,in Mara, Deep Creek, and all.unorganised territory between , Enderby  and Sicamous. "' This proposition  did not meet with favor on the part  of the members of the Enderby < sso-  ciation, as it was argued, Enderby  being a duly incorporated, city, it  should retain its organization, while,  at the same time, working In conjunction with the outside district organization. The position taken by  the members was better expressed by  the" report of the executive which .was  as follows:  Your executive submits the following: Your executive was approached  by" Mr. C. S. Handcock, on behalf of  certain Conservatives of the district,  stating that a committee desired to  meet us. A meeting was accordingly  arranged, and the committee laid before the executive their desires, which  were: That a' district Conservative  association be, organized,' to consist  of Enderby and Mara associations,  ond.embracing all that territory from  Enderby north "Jto -Sicamous. The  details of such;, an- organization had  not been, worked .out,, and-the committee desired your executive" to  place the matter before this associa-  tion and--suggesting that an.; adjourned J meeting. ,of, .this-association  \'  jH6rticurtiirarr     ,;  m for 1914  The "Enderby  Horticultural  Society  was recently permitted to broaden its  charter, and it-is now-fully'equipped  to comply with the-Department regulations   which   will   permit it to receive irom   the   department financial  assistance   similar   to" that granted:  other" agricultural * societies" to augment the prizes offered in-the annual  exhibition. ���������������������������     This is the first season  that Enderby has   been in a position  to take advantage   of   these department   'allowances^   and   the executive  committee are" working': hard' to rnaie  the most, of "the opportunity*.  - It is- proposed    to hold''the annual  exhibition   on   or   about Sept. 12th.  The scope "oi   this exhibition' will be  e-xtjlJ-^d-Jar bey on dthe limitsyofthg-  be held on Saturday afte-noon, Mar.  19th, to go into the matter with the  committee if such a course were  deemed advisable.  In this connection, your executive  recommends: that the Enderby Conservative Association commends the  movement for a closer organization  of the unorganized district; and will  do its utmost to assist such an organization, not only in working out  its own | organization, but also in  urging before the Government any  recommendations coming from the  outside district organization; but  that the Enderby Association should  retain its identity as an organization  representing Poderby district. If  the outside district is organized, we  would recommend that said district  association be given representation  on the Enderby executive and that  representation be given the Enderby  association on the outside district  association executive.  , In the absence of President Ruttan,  the executive * report was signed by  Mr. Hassard,  vice-president.  Growing out of the discussion following the report of the executive,  it was moved' by Mr. Rosoman, seconded by Mr. Barnes: "That this Association has heard with much satisfaction of the proposed formation of  a new organization to care for the  interests of the party "and the development of the northern end of the  Okanagan Valley; and,, while.'retaining its own identity and continuing  to represent the party in the City of  Enderby and immediately. contiguous  territory, will do all in its power, to  assist and co-operate with the said  new organization."  An anjournment of the meeting was  taken before taking' a vote on the  resolution, the adjourned meeting to  be called at a date when President  Ruttan and- the balance" of .the executive are at/le to be'in'attendance,"the  date to be set .for 2 p. m. to permit  a full attendance fromyall- sections.'7  '..efc  ������������������  Fl  T&k*-  fj,  ������������������������������������������������������*  '"ilium  There 13 just one question to ask  after you've heard an  Edison Phonograph  "How soon can I get one?"   <>  The wonderful new hornless instruments have,talked and sung and  played themselves into amazing popularity. ^ The "silent, smooth-  running motor, the diamond reproducing point that does away with  bothersome changing of needles, the beauty of design and the sweet-  toned, unbreakable Blue Amberol Records require no argument  Listen and see (or yourself. Any up- -  to-date phonograph dealer will be glad  to give you a free concert on the  Edison today. Insist upon hearing the  Edison. You can get one without delay.  Edison Phonographs and Records are sold by  WOttm  ENDERBY MUSIC STORE  Bell Block J. E. Crane, Proprietor  r 01  J  ?m������������������  Fresh Meats  If you want prime, fresh meats, we  have them. Our cattle are grain-fed  and selected by our own buyers fron  the richest feeding grounds in Alberta, and are killed and brought to the  meat block strictly FRESH.  We buy first-hand for spot cash, so  can give you the best price possible  CvR. Sharpe.  Enderby, B. C  past    horticultural   exhibitions given  here."   .It   is ��������������������������� intended   to   make it  1 t������������������  the final exhibition of five to be held  during the season. The prize list  for this exhibition,has not been prepared yet, but it is understood that  it will be along the lines of other  other Valley shows,- though somewhat  restricted to keep within safe limits.  Beginning- in May, it is" proposed to  hold monthly window exhibitions of  saich fruits, flowers and vegetables  as,mature at that time, the purpose  being to encourage our growers to  produce the stuff when it can be put  on the'market at its highest price,  and before the market is glutted by  produce from all directions. For  instance, in May and June, prizes  will be offered for the fruits and vegetables that can be put on the market locally grown, but are not, generally, until the following month.  These window displays are to be  made in the store windows���������������������������where  the privilege is granted���������������������������the intention being to interest the public as  well as the Society members.  In addition to these monthly window displays and the 'annual show,  it is proposed to offer three prizes  ���������������������������$25, $15 and $10���������������������������for the best kept  garden and. premises, entries to be  made at the commencement of the  season and the judging to extend up  to the time of the September show  when the prizes will be awarded.  A similar inducement will be offered to encourage the boys and girls  the" prizes; being $3 and $2,- and to be  awarded at the "close Toi .the', season1  for the' best'_ and . second - best-kept  garden plot planted and cared ior by  any_ child-under the age of 16 years.  . Fuller particulars will appear later  as to the time and place of entry.:  Prizes���������������������������1st   and    2nd���������������������������will be given  for the following window exhibits:  May���������������������������Rhubarb, asparagus, spinach,  lettuce; narcissus, iris, hyacinth,-and  the best collection, of flowers. -  ��������������������������� June���������������������������Roses, .pinks, collection of  wild flowers lilac; onions] , radish,,  turnips, carrots and strawberries.  July ��������������������������� Strawberries, gooseberries,  plums, apples, cherries; peas, new  potatoes, cabbage, cauliflower; ^.delphinium, pansies, mignonette and  best collection of flowers.  August���������������������������Best collection apples (5 of  each kind), pears, raspberries,' plums,  cherries; 8 named sweet peas, 4 varieties carnations, three of a kind, best  collection zinnias, best collection  ' lilies, best collection nasturtiums;  cucumbers, tomatoes, and best collection vegetables.  Mary had a little shoe,  It certainly did look swell;  But when she went out for a-walk  Her corns would give her���������������������������trouble  NORMAN  QUNCAN  -A-Succcssful-Canadlan=WrIter.  Cowlabt._W09.JVJWJUMi2.jCa,  Since the U. S. tariff went into  force 10,000 hogs have been shipped  from Calgary to Seattle.  If you  have land  to sell  ������������������  List iUwith me.  If you want to  buy land, see me.  My new booklet descriptive of the Mara District is now out.   GET   ONE,  One of the brilliant young writers of Canada who has won recognition by his  splendid work which foreshadows still greater performance, is Norman Duncan,  of whom the "London Spectator" which is usually chary of praise, said: "It is  a pleasure to know that there is a writer in the world from whom we may hope  for greater things." - 't-  Ho was born in the City of Brantford, in 1871, and spent eight years at  Mitchell, Ont., and from there entered the University of Toronto. He took almost  the full course, but left before attaining a degree, as the scientific course did not  prove congenial, and the further he progressed'the more distasteful it became.  His first work at journalism was at Auburn, N.Y., in 1S95 and two years later  he joined they staff of the New York Evening Post." 71n' this' literary :atmos-  Chas. W. Little  msijj!  and dramatic power, and had that subtle quality of refinement and* artistic finish  that reveal the personality of a fine mind radiating itself in print. When thev  appeared in book form as "The Soul of the Street, they won instant favor with  the discerning ones who appreciate individuality in literature.  Then he turned his attention to the fishermen of Newfoundland and spent  a summer on the "French Shore," the northern section of thc eastern coast of  Britain's oldest colony. In this quaint, primitive locality where the spinning  wheel still turns blithely, where no desecrating railroads invade the solitude of  nature or the seclusion of man, and where brave men fight fierce battles with ocean  storm for a livelihood, he lived in close companionship with the people and in  "The Way of the Sea," published his Newfoundland stories after they had delighted thousands of magazine readers.  Then came "Dr. Luke of the Labrador," another book in which thc reader  fees the sharp, crisp, cool ocean spray in his face as he lives with the people whom  Mr. Duncan has created, and feels with them the little joys and sorrows that make  up their daily lives. In all his stories���������������������������vital and pulsing with human energy  ���������������������������thc work always seems like that of one who thinks in poetry and writes in prose,  ���������������������������the work of one, who, knowing life and its struggles at,close range, never permits  his experience to dull the edge of his optimism or of his faith in humanity. Mr.  Duncan is now professor of rhetoric in Washington and Jefferson College, Washington, Pcnn. ���������������������������"���������������������������������������������������������������������������������>������������������������������������������������������  CoUicd iccordlog to Act of th* Pullimint of Canada, In tho ye������������������r 1905. by AV. C Mack, at tba Dttiartxent of Asiicultw*  It will cost you just one-  third of a cent a pound  to have  your  Butter wrapped in your own neatly printed Butter Parch-  Eldernell Orchard.Mara.B.C'ment, if you order frorn-   THE WALKER PRESS THE ENDERBY PRESS AND WALKER'S WEEKLY  Thursday, March 12, 1914  Wealth of the Province in Its Mines  and Fisheries; Outlook Bright  Touching upon the wealth of  the Province in its mines and  fisheries, in his budget speech,  the growth of the population and  general outlook, Hon. Price Ellison said:  The  mining  industry   on   tlie- whole  during 1913 was most satisfactory, and  had   it   not  been   for   the  unfortunate  strikes    on   Vancouver   Island,    there  would   have   been   a   production   about  equal   to   1912,   the   largest   on   record.  On Vancouver Island tlie production of  coal   was   600,000   tons   less   than   the  previous  year,  making  a   reduction   in  value of over two million dollars.   The  copper   production   was   less   in   <iuan-  tity  and   the  price  lower, as  well, accounting- for the decrease in value of  output of S1.3S7.000.    "With   the  exception of building material, in which the  output  was  slightly less,  all  minerals  show  a  substantial  increase,  the  total  production   being   estimated   at   about  $30,158,793.     The   gratfying   feature   of  the  industry  for  the  year  is   that  the  , production    was    general    throughout  established    mining   camps,   and    that  some   of  the  newer  districts  are  coming into prominence.   For instance, the  Britannia   Mines   on   Howe   Sound   are  the   second   largest   producers   in   the  province,  and   the  Skeena  is   promised  a   very   large   output   during   this   and  succeeding   years.     One   thousand   men  have   been   employed   in   that   district  during   1913.     The   profits,   too,   have  been  good,   the dividends   paid   for  the  province   amounting    to    ?2.390,130    as  compared  with  $1,22-1,OSS   the   previous  year.     Owing   to   slacking   of   building  operations,  the output  in building materials has been less.    Two new cement  works   came   into    operation,   one   on  Saanich Tnlet and  the other at Princeton,   in   the  Similkameen   District.    No  oil  or iron has yet been  produced, and  marble  only  in  small   quantities.    The  development   of   these   will   yet   create  large and lucrative industries.  TriK  FISHERIES.  For the fiscal year ending 1912-13  the fishery product of British Columbia  was Sl-t.455.-rS8. .being an increase of  $77S,3G3,.over the previous year.  The   total   for  Canada   for  the   same  ,year was 533,389,464.   This credits British   Columbia0 with   almost  half of  the  -entire fishery product of the Dominion.  The next in order is Nova Scotia with  57,384,035.   Until the year 1910-11 Nova  Scotia invariably led Canada in regard  to the value of fisheries.    The increase  in   British   Columbia   is   the   result   of  the   increased   halibut   catch,   and    of  further   developments   in   the   herring  - fishery.   The salmon catch for the year  in   question   was   considerably   greater  than^that of the previous year, but its  value   was   $300,000   less.     Salmon   is  cheaper than it was, but the falling off  in  value  was  due  to   the  fact  that  a  large proportion of the catch consisted  of  humpbacks   and   other   kinds   which  sold   at   a   much   lower   rate   than   the  famous   sockeyes   and   spring   salmon.  The   herring  catch   was   much   greater  and   increased   its value  by  more  than  -���������������������������$600,000.    A similar  increase is shown  in the value of the halibut fishery.    In  round  numbers thc value of the  Halibut catch in four years increased from  $1,000,000 to $2,500,000.    The number of  persons employed  on sea and shore  in  connection    with    the    fisheries    was  15,628.  Thc  Snlmon   Pnck.  The foregoing statistics apply to the  -fiKfal-yfar-r-nding-Alnro.il .31st. .1913,-UP  to which time the particulars of the  entire output are tabulated. It .has not  been   possible,   therefore,   to   give   the  Men'  s  statistics for the subsequent nine  months. The details of the salmon  pack for last season, however, are  available, from which it would appear  that the total pack of salmon for the  season of 1913 amounted to 1,353,901  cases, at an estimated value of $8,803,-  000. The entire output of the Pacific  Coast canneries is valued at '$38,560,-  000, so that the value of the British  Columbia pack represents nearly one-  quarter of the entire pack of the Pacific Coast. Returns are not complete,  but the halibut fishery will show an  increase over the previous years. The  run of herring was large, but the fishery was not so profitable as formerly.  A gratifying feature of the commercial  development of the fisheries is the fact  that fresh halibut has been shipped  successfully to Great Britain and found  a ready market. Experiments in salmon packed in ice have also been successful, so that we may confidently  look in future to considerable fishery  trade between this coast and Great  Britain. I have great pleasure in referring to the splendid fishery establishment at Prince Rupert, in -which  the most modern facilities for cold  storage and fish-preserving exist.  POPUIiATIOX.  The population of the province continues to largely increase, although the  immigration for 1913 as reported by  the Dominion officials was nearly three  thousand less than in 1912. From  careful estimates, taking the Dominion  immigration returns, the natural increase of population since the last  census of 1911 and deducting from the  totals 2S.O00 as the number of departures from the province, the population  a.t the present time must., be about  525,000, or nearly 350,000 more than  there was in 1901. This great increase  of population is one reason why the  production of the province does not  seem to have increased as much as it  should. "When we consider that in  fourteen years the population of the  province has trebled, it can be easily  understood why the production is still  so far behind consumption in the matter of supplying the people with the  necessaries of life. This is a point  which should be'' thoroughly understood when taking into account the  criticism of the Opposition that agricultural production is not seemingly  greater than it is. The'-Dominion immigration returns for 1913 show that  43.9G9 immigrants came to the province.  A GOOD YEAR.  Taking thc year as a w;hole, although  it was one during which the entire  west suffered from hard times, it was  one -which in ordinary times would  have been considered exceedingly, good.  Tt must be remembered that 1912 was  the banner year in the history of the  province during which we'experienced  the very highest of a great prosperity  and in comparing 1913 with 1912 wc  are at a disadvantage; but notwithstanding that, the comparison is still  very favorable. "We have found that  in agriculture and timber has largely  increased, and that the fishing and  mining industries have been exceedingly prosperous. Coming to bank  clearings which are a good criterion of  the volume of business, the total was  about $784,000,000 as compared with  about $828,000,000 the previous year  when real estate speculation was at  its height.  Our   exports   and    imports   for   the  first, nine .months _of _the_present._fiscal_  We are now in a position to  supply our Men patrons the  be^t in Spring and Summer  Suitings, from that great  "Quality and Service" Suit  House, Coppley, Noyes &  Randall, Limited. Nothing  Better. Call and see style  book and samples.  Our home-cured hams and bacon  have jumped immediately into  favor. If you have not tried a  piece you have missed a good  thing.  W. J.~Woods  year, which ends March 30th, amounted  to $66,500,000, and if maintained at  the same rate for the last three months  will almost equal the record for 1912.  Building operations, although only  half of the year before, were nevertheless large in volume and Would have  been considered enormous ten years  ago. Post office returns, bank deposits,  tax collections and business in general,  apart from real estate transactions, all  Indicate���������������������������prosper it y--nncl���������������������������-sound-���������������������������conditions. The revenues of the province  have come in freely during the present  fiscal year and nre likely to considerably exceed the estimate, and all these  show beyond a doubt that there is little or no n.-al shortage of money.  the oi:ti,ook.  Regarding the outlook for the ln-  1 coming year, everything points to increasing prosperity. There will be less  building and less municipal and provincial works going on. As will be  scon by our estimates the appropriations for public works have been reduced to $5,300,000, but on the other  hand there will be very large expenditures by the Federal Government  which will more than offset these reductions. The extensive harbor improvements at Victoria, Vancouver and  New Westminster, the dry dock at  Ksquimalt. the introduction of large  capital in the shipbuilding business by  the Yarrows, and other important  works throughout the province will  mean the distribution of money extending  into  the  millions.  RAILWAYS.  In addition to these expenditures,  there are 3,000 miles of railway in the  province in course of construction.  During 1915 two new transcontinental  lines of railway will be completed to  tho coast, with termini at Vancouver  md   Victoria,   and   in   operation.     The  Great Northern will be running into  Vancouver over lines through Canadian  territory. So also will the Kettle  River Valley Railway, giving a direct  line from the coast cities to the southern interior points. With the Kettle  River Valley, the Canadian Northern,  Great Northern and Canadian Pacific  railways all entering the rich territory  included in the Similkameen, the  Okanagan, the Boundary and Kootenay  districts, the southern interior will be  blessed with abundant facilities of  communication/ especially favorable to  agricultural production, and the coast  cities will derive great benefit from increased trade. The Canadian Pacific  Railway at Cranbrook will be linked  up with. the Canadian Pacific at  Golden, providing railway communication for the beautiful and fertile valley  of the Columbia. With the Canadian  Northern, the Pacific Great Eastern  and the Grand Trunk Pacific also completed, the central and northern portions of the province will also have  means of .communication which will  render productive that vast area of  territory which has heretofore almost  lain idle for lack of railways. Even  with these three lines in operation it  will still be inadequately supplied, but  other and branch lines will follow as  ���������������������������the country develops.  The Canadian Pacific Railway.  The Canadian Pacific Railway alone  is spending $100,000,000 in improving  its system and is double tracking its  line throughout the province. Included  in this work is a five mile tunnel, one  of the longest in the world. The same  company has expended over $5,000,000  in improving and extending its lines  on Vancouver Island and will soon  have them extended from end to end.  T think it only just to say here that the  Canadian Pacific Railway Company has  shown great enterprise in this province  and it is a matter of pride for Canadians to know that as a purely Canadian undertaking it possesses the  greatest and most successful railway  in the world. It ought also to be a  matter of pride for us as British Columbians to know that it came into  existence as the chief condition upon  which this province entered into Confederation. In fact, it was for a long  time considered to be for the especial  benefit of British Columbia. It lias  turned out, however, that as a national  enterprise it has not only benefitted  British Columbia but made Canada a  nation.  Justified  by Faith.  .Tust here the history of the Canadian  Pacific Railway suggests the- answer  to the Opposition raised by the railway policy of the Government, and  particularly to the proposed increase of  guarantee of interest on Canadian  Northern Railway bonds. We are-told  that the liabilities incurred will bankrupt the province. It will be remembered that our Liberal friends years  ago prophesied the same thing about  the building of the Canadian Pacific  Railway. They said that Canada whose  great present prosperity is largely due  to that enterprise, would be everlastingly ruined by it. They had neither  imagination nor faith in their country.  The Conservatives had both, and success beyond ther wildest hopes has  been the result. At the time it was  undertaken the whole country west of  the Great Lakes had only a population  of 170,000, and was practically undeveloped. Now it has a population of  over 2,000,000, with an immense trade  and production. Only five per cent, of  the Middle West is cultivated, and  nine-tenths of British Columbia is still  undeveloped. If the latter is to be  opened and settled, how is it to be done  without railways, and railways  through  the mountains of British Co-  lumbia . cost ���������������������������enormously The���������������������������main  of  the  The-  Have you ever tried a  pair of  Empress  Shoes?  Solid Shoe  Comfort  An     Empress     design. r.    , ,  ,.     . .      ,  ai? ������������������������������������ ���������������������������  4-u ���������������������������       I* not, better try a pair and  "Empress   is the name given ' J    K  to shoes that are designed to    become acquainted with  assist people in walking as they  were born to walk.   A study  of the above and other styles  we have will help to make  contented women.  We are now showing the latest Spring & Summer styles  GENTLEMEN  We can fit you out with a nice Spring Suit. New, Classy  and Up-to-date. Something it will be a pleasure to  wear���������������������������in either the made-up article or made-to-measure. Better see what we are offering. They're the  best and will please.   *T^1��������������������������� _ Do m + t^TT w*^ ^e rePlete with all the  JL XlC id 11 LI y nice things which tempt the  2 appetite, as well as all the old reliable every-day articles,  ������������������    if you will let us supply your wants from our nice choice  stock of Fresh Groceries, Fruits, Vegetables, &c.   A per-    ?  sorial call, or 'phone 25 will have prompt attention. $  ENDERBY SUPPLY CO. 1  Successors to BOB PEEL  o^K>+o-fo+<>������������������H>4rO-f<>4<>^  line of the Canadian Pacific Railway  in this province, built at a time when  labor and material were cheap, cost on  an average ������������������55,000 a mile. The Grand  Trunk Pacific.is costing $30,000 a mile.  The three provinces, of the Middle  West, in which raiUvay construction  costs one-third of what it does in British Columbia, did not hesitate to pledge  ther credit to the extent of over$103,-  000,000, and to reach that rich prairie  country-the-late���������������������������Liberal- Government  at Ottawa were willing to incur a cash  expenditure of $23-1,000,000 in the construction of the National Transcontinental Railway, which has or will  cost .$129,000 a mile. With our immense national resources, if the province, the people of which almost unanimously on two occasions declared for  the McBride pol'cy, felt safe in a guarantee of interest on $35,000 a mile, it  Is safe at $15,000 a mile, or our hopes  of our future a,re vain and always have  been vain. If the National Transcontinental cost $129,000 a mile for 1,805  miles, in a comparatively flat country,  is it unreasonable that there should be  a guarantee of $45,000 a mile for a railway through an exceedingly mountainous and difficult country in order to  obtain a higher and better standard of  line? Owing to changed conditions of  labor and cost of amterial the Grand  Trunk. Pacific has found out that original estimates clear from Winnipeg  to the coast were far too low. Similar  conditions justify the proposal so far  as the Canadian Northern Pacific Railway is concerned.  CONCLUSION*.  AUCTION SALE!  KELOWNA, B. C.  FRIDAY, MARCH. 27, 1914  LA FAYETTE  Pure-bred French draft Stallion, recorded in Vol. 8, National Registerer  of French Draft Horses, under the  number 12050. The Stallion known  as LA FAYETTE; color, dark brown;  black mane, tail and legs; star in  forehead; sire, Negus, 10712, (40280),  he by Boule D'or, (19129) out of  Rigolette (26473) Boule D'or (19129)  he by Calpse (18367) DAM; Selve.  dore II, 8800, she by Lachasse, 6179,  (1558) out of Belbedere 2612, Lachasse 6179, (1550) he b������������������. Attilla, out  of Ninie, she by Hercule, Attilla, by  Berin.  best. Stallions ever imported into  Canada. He is " a perlect type of  heavy draft- horse, weight 2008 lbs.  Offers ranging from $1800 to $2800  have been tutned down for this horse  within.the past two years. He will  be sold to highest bidder, at Kelowna, March 27, 1914.  HITCHNER BROS,  Owners,  Westbank, B. C.  J.  C.  STOCKWELL,  Auctioneer,  Kelowna, B.C.  WOMAN'S    SUFFRAGE  The adjourned meeting will be held  on Saturday, Mch 14th, at 2.30, at  the house of Mrs. Hatcher. The object of the meeting will be to try to  form a league ^ in   this district.   All  i women    interested    are earnestly re-  This is   positively   one ol the very | quested to attend.  Toilet Sets  $5.00 ?ALUE-  now going at  .90  $3  (|M 00 VALUE,  now going at  .10  $310 $2  J3.75 VALUE  now going at  .90  POLSON MERCANTILE CO.  WANT-ADS  ADVERTISEMENTS under this head  3c a word first insertion, lc a word  each subsequent insertion.  OR SALE���������������������������Good dairy cow, part  Jersey; will calve in April; price,  $85; also six pigs in good shape to  finish off for butcher. Apply Box  37, Enderby. ml2-2  Tn all the circumstances we may  fairly assume that with so many conditions in our favor that however  rapidly we have developed in the past  few   years,   with    strict-   attention   to      business    and    not    to    get-rich quick |Fqr SALE���������������������������A good Jersey cow; suit  methods, those conditions will continue I t t        Mark    mh  to enable us to make great strides off    miul y ���������������������������  progress in every direction.  FOR SALE���������������������������One heifer, due on or  about April 20th; price, $75; One  heifer, has been milking for two  months, price $75. Apply, H. J.  Knapp, Grindrod P.O.   family;  Apply Harry Smedley, Enderby.  Norman Grant  BUILDER A  CONTRACTOR  Plans and estimates  Furnished  Dealer in Windows, Doors, Turnings,  and all   factory    work.   RuM*roid  Roofing, Screen Doors and Windows  GLASS CUT TO ANY S-I2E  We represent S. 0. SMITH CO.,  of Vernon  Russell Street Enderby.  I  fl  \)\

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