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Ladysmith Daily Ledger Oct 6, 1904

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 Ladyshith Daily Ledger
PUBLISHED IN THE LEADER OFFICE
VOL. 2, NO 16.
THURSDAY, OCT. 0, 1004.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
PREPARING FOR ELECTION
Ralph Smith's Supporters arc Actively Get''
ting in Shape For Work of
the Campaign	
Vancouver  Liberals Select R,   R Ellis as
Candidate^Men Chosen in East''
ern Constituences
Members oi the Liberal Association
Executive met last night and discussed a number ol prelimibary matters. Another meeting ol the executive has been called for-to-morrow
evening at 7.30 in the committee
rooms.
Mr. Smith's committee In Nanaimo
last night appointed a general - finance committee of the following:
North Ward—Alex. Forrester and
Stanley Craig.
Middle. Ward—Thos. W'cCotirt and
Harry Shepherd.
South Ward—Geo. Johnston ami
S. Woodcock..
W. K. Lciglilon or Mayor Manson
are mentioned as candidates in Co-
mox-Atlin for the Consqrvativcs.
There is also some question as to
whether one of these gentlemen will
not be put up-In nomination at the
Conservative convention at Duncans
lor this district.   -
At the meeting of the Cojiserwe;
tives in Nanaimo held last night the
following were appointed lo attend
the convention in Duncans on Wednesday for the purpose of selecting
a candidate to contest Nanaimo ilis-
?rict: A. llaslam.-E. M. Yarwood,
Wm. Manson, J. H. Simpson, W. K.
Leighton, A. E. Planta, Dr. R. S.
B. O'Brian, E. Qtiomiell, E. G.Tal-
v.al.s.ky, W- F., Norris, J. Nicholson,.
J, D. Melian, J. Graham.
Vanrouver Conservatives iast night
selected H. B. Ellis as their candidate t" run against Mr. R. G. Mac-
pherson in the Dominion election.
There .were but two names before
the delegates, George W. Cowan and
R. B. Ellis. The vote was Ellis '38
and Cowan 28.
EASTERN CANDIDATES.   ,-
Montreal, Oct. 0.—The following
additicnal candidates in' the coming
Dominion elections were chosen yesterday: , ...
Champlam, Dr. Narcott, Conservative. ■ •  ,
West' Elgin; Jabcz Robinspn, Independent Conservative, to lie given
Conservative support.
Two Mountains,. J; N. Fautcus,
Conservative.
Pontiac, G. F. Hodgins, Liberal. .
Liiprairie-Napicrville,, M. Coupal,
Conservative.
Laval, Catnille Patjuette, Liberal.
Halloa, D. Henderson, Conservative.
Chambly and Verchetes, F. B. Ar-
harnbault, Conservative.
Charlevoix, R: Forget, Conservative- • ->--•• ■
South.,- Oxford, J..7C. Henderson,
Conservative.,
Prcscott,    Edmoml Proulx, son of
ltl .member Isidore Proulx, deceased, Liberal.
Queens and Sunbiir'y, Dr. II. n.
Hay, Liberal.
Two Mountains, J. A. C. Ktlner,
Liberal.
W. M. Macplierson, president of Ihe
Molsons .Rank qf Canada, will, probably he the Conservative candidate in
Quebec west.
Toronto, Oct. 6.—James Hemlery,,
who was in town to'day, said lie had
reconsidered his decision and would
bo .the Conservative candidate in
West Peterhoro.
Takes Two Falls in Short Or*
der in Wrestling Contest
With McLeod
A Large Amount of Money
ChangedjHands Upon the
Result of Meeting
' RAILWAY SHOP BURNT.'
Hamilton, Out., Oct. 0.-Tlie blacksmith, boiler and 'repair shops, in-
terlocMbg tower and several- cars
of the Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo railway, were, destroyed by lire
ycsterd»y.    Loss, $-10,000.
DECISION IN
COLLISION CASE
Montreal,'Oct. fl.-Captnin Salmon,
commissioner of wrecks, gave judgment today in the case ol the collision between the Richelieu and Ontario Navigation Company's steamer
and the Cape Breton, ol the Dominion Coal Company of Sorel, on June
02th last, whereby the loss ol five
lives Was caused. The officers ol the
. Canada arc censured, the pilot, of
the Cape Breton is finedJaO for not
complying with the'rules, and the
certificate of James McNeil, first
mate of the Cape Breton, is withheld. Capt. Salmon immediately after atumiiju'iiig, bis decision in the
case caused a,sensation by tendering
bis resignation as wreck commissioner. He claims that political pressure
was brought to bear on him in the
present Case.
ORE FROM THE
■■■■   WHiTEHOxrE
CHARGED WITH MURDER
Sandwich, Out., Oct. 0.*—The
Grand Jury has .taught in a true
hill against Edward Slaughter, colored; charged with the murder of
John Riiildeii, a Maids! one farmer.
OPPOSE MILL SALE.
Toronto,   Oct.    II.—The   sale ' by
court, oi the properties of the CanaL
dian Wollen mills   Company  to   W.
.. W... Longp of. Hamilton-, two -weeks
ago for $253,000, has been attacked
by G. F. Benson, ol Montreal, as a
-shareholder and also as oh-lel incin-
$16,000. Benson asks the court to
set aside the sale on the ground that
Long, who was one of the inspectors
of-the estate of .the. insolvent company, was virtually making' profit
out ol his position by purchasing the
mills and properties; ard also .upon
the ground that there Is a larger
olfe'r now obtainable for the proper-
tics, $275,000.'
Shipment Made  to Skagway
on the Way to the Tyee
'■•■''• ■'■' Smelter
The Tyee smelter will soon receive
a shipment of ore from the copper
properties at While Horse. The
White Horse Star, of Sept. ,27th,
says:
"The first shipment ol ore Irom
this place since early in the present
year will, be made tomorrow, when
live carloads of ore from the Copper
King mine will be sent to Skagway,
en route to the Tyee smelter. Other
shipments will follow at the rate of
75 to 100 tons weekly for some time
to come."
These mines are a lew miles Irom
the terminus of the White Pass Railway1 and the company has promised
lo put in a spur through the bell
providing the mines turned out profitable. The shipment spoken of
above is the first one of any magnitude sent out from the mines. Several 'siiiall lots, however, which the
Tyee , smelter has received, proved
very favorable, the ore being bflrm-
itc of good grade similar to that
fttsttt Tcxada island. The mine is
expected to ship out a thousand tons
before the first of the year.
Frank Clutch of Iowa defeated Dan
McLcod in ■ the chauipiuusliip wrestling match at Westminster yesterday,
winning the first fall in 20 minutes
and 30 seconds and the second in 13
minutes and live seconds, and tints
seVitreii "tile purse of $1,000 and a
side bet lor a similar amount.
Tlie match took place in tile centre nf the big athletic oval on in
raised platform in full view from
ali parts of the grounds. C-ity At
torney White, of Belliiighain was referee. The weather was cool, hut
when the wrestlers settled down to
work, alter a- few easy strides they
perspired very much. Gotch was undoubtedly the favotile all through,
and the Belting-ham crowtl cheered
him ou. Wearing a half smile, . be
went at it hard when he thought the
match hail lasted long enough and
made short' work of his opponent.
McLeod look the aggressive at the
start, anil it was fully fifteen minutes before ■*' i strenuous work began. Then a really grand exhibi.
lion of wrestling took place. Both
men are of large stattiee, Gotch being  tlie  taller,  while McLcod  is   ol
tlio   heavier     1,1,11,1.      Tlu,ir   strength
seemed equal to that of a dozen ordinary men as they threw each other
irouud the mat. Goteli was never in
serious danger, but twice McLeod
did some quick work nnd nearly
caught Gotch unawares, though the
younger man' was so agile that lie
could mil lie held. The first fall
was made in 231 minutes, Gotch
getting' a crotch ami hall Nelson for
the second lime and effectually placing MeLcod's shoulders to the mat.
The work was not, so fast during
the second fall, but was of good order. Gotch got tlie second fall in
i.'i minutes 5 seconds, with the same
hold wilb Which, he secured the first
and as the match ' was for two -in
three falls, lie got ihe purse. 11 is
sad that al least $111,11011 changed
hands on tlie result, for one syndicate put up $7,500.
GOVERNMENT
BjImukden is in a turmoil
Poultry Demonstrative Station
Being Established In This
Province by  Dominion
Intended to ,Teach   Farmer's
Most Approved Method of
Preparing for Market
Latest Bulletin Says Streets are in   Bustle
and Great Movement Seems
Imminent
AMBERGIS FIND.
Taconja, Wash. Oct. 8.—A party
of four Klootehnicn and Indians have
found 150 pounds of ambergris worth
$100,000. The ambe'rgis is'in an excellent stale of preservation and almost pure.
PRINTERS THREATEN STRIKE.
Montreal, Oct. 0.—By a vote of 1511
to. six, typographical union No, 100,
made up of the English speaking
printers of this city, voted to call
out all its members on Friday afternoon, unless the employing printers meet -the demands -of the mill,
which, roughly speaking, is an increase- of about twenty per cent, in
wages. So lar tho employers have
refused this. The newspaper offices
will i he affected unless a settlement
is arrived at. ,
DR.SUTHERLAND
TO VISIT CHINA
Lindsay, Out. Oct. C—Demands of
work in China missions in China'
were strongly presented to the Metlr-
odisl mission board here yesterday
by Uev. Dr. Ewan of China. A proposition that, Rev. Dr. Sutherland,
general secretary of Missions, visit
China at the request, oi the Mission
Council was favorably received. A
large grant was made for extension
work in China, especially along the
lines ot educational anil hospital
work.
-o-
Colbornc, Out., Oct. C.-Dr. A. E.
M-allery, ox-M.Pi, lor East Northumberland- and Grand Medical Examiner for the Knights oi llie Maccabees
for Canada, is dead. In politics he
was a Liberal.
1111.  MA1.I.KRY DRAD.
COLD,IN MICHIGAN.
Marquette, Mich., Oct (l.-Tbc first
snow of Ihc season fell here last
night. A ,,r,nle is raging on Lake Superior. The steamer Sitka, of the
Gilchrist fleet, run aground near
Grand aldrnls yesterday and threat-
to lie a ttiln.1 loss.
FIRE INSI'HAM'E.
Toronto Out., Oct. 0.—Secretary
Stewart, "1 Hie Are insurance com-
inlttes of llie ('.■inatliaii-Maniifaefur-
ers' Association, annbtinccd this
morning thai the Association had received offers nf reinsurance from in-
depi intent companies ol risks to he
can-led by Hie two million dollars
lifsura'ncc department authorized by
the Doiu in Ion government ami approved by the Manufacturers' Convention al. Montreal last month. The
lire insurance- department will be established by the election ol a board
of management of twenty-one members.
Mr. F. C. Elfortl, superintendent
of the Poultry Division ol the Department of Agriculture, Ottawa,
lias arrived in Vancouver to establish a government .poultry demonstrating station.
A chicken-iatteiiing station, with a
resident manager and staff, and
building to cost about $2,000, is to
lie erected at once, says the Vancouver Province. A site for this station has been offered to the government by the Central Park Agricultural Society.
There are at present seventeen of
these stations in Ontario and two in
Manitoba. As Mr. Elfortl explained
it, the work of these stations is divided into three branches—chicken
fattening, poultry rearing and breeding. For the present, as soon Kas the
necessary buildings are completed, a
resident manager appointed and a
number of fowls secured, the work
of the station for the balance of the
winter al least will lie confined to
chicken-fattening.
"It Is with a view to tlie betterment of the poultry industry nnd tlie
reduction of that business to an exact science that the government is
establishing these stations throughout Canada," said , Mr. Elfortl.
"While this station; like others
throughout the Dominion will be
largely sell-supporting, it will, he almost entirely educational, anil in uo
way competitive. A chicken-fattening- station is to the poultry business
what a government experimental
farm is to fruit growers and agriculturists. The benefits to llie poultry, industry, for which I believe
there is a great future in this province, are sure lo he extensive."
The results are largely achieved
by the new fattening crates which
wc use in these stations. These
crates are six feet long, twenty inches high, and sixteen inches wide.
Each crate holds twelve birds, and
is divided into three different compartments. The crates arc built of
laths, and have therefore abundant
ventilation. The chickens arc taken
at the age of three tti four months
and placed in llie crate lor from
three to three and a ball weeks. Of
course the increase varies with some
breeds, but a general average increase oi hall a pound per week can
be secured in the birds. Resides this
the llcsh is always lender, anil
through certain ingredients in the
feeding the flavor is always immensely superior to that of a chicken
that is allowed to run around and
hustle for itself. I have noted 'as
high as a pound and a quarter increase per week in some young birds.
Plenty ol fresh air afid water are
given with the feed,'- and olteii during the last week in the fattening
crates, the birds arc given a small
allowance of tallow..
"The resilient manager will he a
man thoroughly familiar, with the
poultry business, anil who can also,
if necessary, deliver lectures on tho
host methods of poultry-raising at
tlie various country fairs anil during
the winter. In the chicken-latlciiing
there will he no attempt to compote
Two Mpunlainsj J. N. Fatitoux,
sufficient fowls will he fattened tor
the purposes of demonstration, anil
to pay part ol the running expenses
of the Institution, One of the first
Important duties which we will undertake will be comparative tests to
ascertain what particular breeds of
fowl give the best results in this
climate. Personally, I think that
barred Rocks will, although while
Wyandottcs and Plymouth Hocks
may give equally good results.
"About next spring I expect that
Ihc station will be In a position lo
commence the rearing ol chickens,
nnd for this purpose some of the
latest ty|ics ol Incubators will lie installed. Then, probably next fall, we
will he in a position to commence
breeding fowls and in both of these
departments results will lie carefully noted and poultry-raisers will
have the benefit ol the experience so
gained,
|Japanese Progressive Leader Predicts That
the Cost of the War Will be
a Billion Dollars
Only outpost affair's .are reported
in to-day's despatches from Manchuria. The main armies remain quiet,
hut the scouts on both sides continue
very active. This activity is construed in St. Petersburg as confirming the general hel'iW that Ku-
ropatkin's. main army is safely at
Tie Pass. A despatch from lluk-
den dated late this afternoon says
tiiai a sudden activity is apparent,
large numbers of carts and pacb animals crowding the streets, "but offers
no explanation of the bustle.
MUKDEN AGITATED.
Mukden, Oct. fi.—(5.30 p.m.)—
Something unusual is in the wind.
A great bustle is now noticeable.
The streets arc thronged with hurrying crowds and innumerable carts
and pack mules.
TO COST A BILLION
Tokio, Oct. fi.—In addressing the
members of the United Clearing
Houses of Tokio to-day, Count Uk-
uma, the leader   of the Progressive
WATCHING AUSTRALIA.
.Orishan,     Oct..  C—It is reported
ilia I two,,Russian warships are cruising off Thursday Island.
Tokio, Oct. G.-The Port Arthur
blockading fleet has captured a junk
laden with provisions. Tlie junk was
endeavoring to enter the harbor. The
statements of,the crew and evidence
found aboard the junk indicate the
existence of a fleet of 8(1 junks ■organized to run the blockade from the vicinity of Tsintaiau. Despite the vigilance of the blockading fleet, many
junks reached the Russian lines at a
number of landing places on .the lower end of the peninsula. The junks
enter at night, the Russian guns
and mine fields giving them an advantage over the vessels of the'blockading fleet. While :t is suspected
that .ammunition is being smuggled
in, none has yet been found in the
hundreds of junks that have been overhauled and searched.
STEAMER STOPPED.
Chee     Foo,     Oct. 6.-The British
steamer Chelan, travelling from Taku
to Chee Poo, not hearing the usual
Party warned the people to prepare i blank shots, was hove to by a Jap-
for a long war, tlie date of the ter- ancse cruiser which fired two shots
initiation of which it was now im- 'across her bow last night. After the
possible to for tell. Me predicted steamer's cargo was examined, she
that the cost, to Japan for a two .was allowed to proceed. European
year's wai, including .the loans'and Chinese officials deny the report-
wliicli had been already placed and cd arrest of a Chinese suspected of
the~cxpenses consequent upon the war having knowledge concerning the dis-
at its termination would total one appearance of Lieut. De Guverville
bullion dollars, which would make and Capt. Von Gillgenheim respect-
tbe per capita share amount to 20/iveIy, the French and German naval
dollars. | attaches at Port Arthur.
GOES TOBURY
A WHALER
First Steps Taken to Engage In
Industry From British
Columbia Porte
Yesterday morning Captain Balcpm
left Victoria for Sweden, lor Ihe
purpose ol purchasing a suitable
whaling sehoobcr -wherewith lo car-,
ry on the business of tlie company
which has recently been formed, anil
which is now; erecting at ilat'Mey
sound suitable buildings fpr the proper treatment of the product, oi the
catches. Captain Balconi goes to
Sweden because that country enjoys
the reputation, with Norway, of
turning out a better class of vessel,
and al a more reasonable price, for
this I iud nf work than any other
country fn the world. Those slaunch
little vessels arc lilted up iu a manner that seems in defy wear and
tear, and probably there is nothing
more seaworthy ailoal on the oceans
than those Scandinavian whalers
The ccnturics-long experience of the
Scandinavians in this particular
branch of industry has given thein
intimate knowledge of witat is wauled, and what Is nol in the make-up
of a whaling vessel. The schooner
which t'aplai'ijtali-nin will purciia.se
ami lake to Victoria will he about
one hundred tons liuriicu, and will
have slcani as motive power. She
will be lifled up with all tlie latest
devices known to ihc business and
will represent the best that can be
done in that class ot iioal. The new
company expects to lie ready for business iu a few months. The stock
in tlie new concern is all owned
amongst Victoria men.
"Yes, this will be the only station established in the province lor
tlie present, as far as I know. But
I believe that Sir. R.,0. Macphcrson
who was mainly instrumental in souring this station for British Columbia, is now lin communication With
the Department ol Agriculture", in an
effort to have me authorized to establish a station at North Vancouver helore I return east,"
SYMPATHIZING FRIENDS,
The following friends of the family
sent flowers to the funeral of    the
late Miss L. Morgan, yesterday:
Wreaths,—The Family, Mrs. felny,
Ladysmith City Band, Mr. M. Celle,
Aliss A. Clay, Miss B. Barclay, Mr.
am, Mrs. Thornby, Mr. and Mrs.
Butler, Mr. and Mrs. I-lawarth, Miss
J. iiawarth, Mr. and Mrs. J. Lewis,
Mr. and Mrs. Carrol, Miss S. Roset-
ti, Miss N. Eastman, Miss Buchanan
Mr. aud Mrs. D. W. Murray, Mrs. Ingham, Miss L. Ingham, Mrs. C. Han-
nay, Miss L. Patterson, Mrs. T. X.
Jones,, Mrs. Partner, Roslyn, Wash.,
Bouquets,—Mr. and Mrs. W.- H.
Vatcr, James Thomas, Mrs. A. Ken-
Mr. anil Mrs. J. J. Bland, Mrs; J.
Hutcheson, Mrs. Culhbert, Albert
James Rosetti, Mrs. Simon, Mrs.
Lecqite, Tom Greaves, Robt. Greaves
Miss K. Dunbar, Mr. and Mrs. A.
Williamson, Mr. and Mrs. Vere, Miss
Bloil Davis, James C'rossan, George
Gillespie, Mrs. Ingham, Mrs. D. Mor,
gall, Miss M. Jones, Mrs. S. Weaving, Baby Weaving.
Crosses—Mr. and Mrs. T. Jenkins,
Mr. and Mrs. Don White, Mr. and
Mrs. Edmunds, Mr. and Mrs. M.
Campbell, Mr. and Mrs. Axelson,
Mr. and Mrs. P. Greaves, Miss M.
Hamilton, Mr- J. Raines, Mrs. I.
Tate, Miss J. Campbell, Mr. P. Mc-
Parlane, Mr. and Mrs. A. Robertson,
.Mr.  aud Mrs.   Davis.
Hearts,— Mr. and Mrs. E. Watts,
Mr. and Mrs. J. Rosetti, Mr. and
Alls. Joseph, John Lewis, Misses M.
.1. and .Nora Dalton, Mr- Joe Raines
Mr. Alfred Ingham, Miss L'rcn, Mr.
and Mrs> Ramsay, Mrs. A. Huteheson, Miss B. Porcimmer, Mr, and
Mrs. L. Jones, Mrs. W. Jones, Miss
M. Thomas, Mrs. Trumpcr,
Sprays—Mr J. /Adam, Mr. and Mrs.
,1. Tate, Misses Clay, Mr. Allied Ingham, Mr. and Mrs, W. Evans, Mrs.
W. Thompson, Miss Sadie and Ralph
Ramsay, Mrs. Timothy, 1'rs. J. Stewart, Miss E. Lapsansky, Mrs. Len-
nuir. ,
Crescents,—Minnie Rcnwick, George
Gillespie, J. Crossati.
Globes.—Miss Nellie and Ida Mi-
chic-., the Haddow Family, Laurel
Rcbekah Lodge No. 9, Mr. and Mrs.
Marlow, Mr. and     Mrs. G. Clarke,
Sickle-Miss M. Clark.
Sickle,—Miss M. Clarke.
Anchor,—Mr. and Mrs. E. Lowe,
Mr. and Mrs. T. Spratt.
Chain-Mrs. Ryan. 1
LADYSMITH   LEDGER
LADYSMITH LEDGER
Published every day except Sunday at The Ledger Building, corner
ol First Avenue, "and French' street
Ladysmith, British Columbia, by the
Ladysmith Publishing Company.
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A  f.      \ States,'-,
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Delivered in the city (per month) .50
ADVERTISING RA^TES.
Transient—Including lbusinds»*i\o-
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for and transfer of licenses, legal
notices, etc., 10c a line; first - Insertion; 5c. a line each subsequent insertion; 12 lines measure to the
Inch.
COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING.
Rates on application. ■ Cuts - for
regular use should be all metal.
Advertisements not inserted for .a
specified time will be charged for until paid and ordered to be discontinued.
All changes ot advertisements must
be received at this office on the
morning of the day of issue.        , ,
Subscribers not receiving paper
regularly please report to this office.
AH job work must be" paid for on
delivery.
Transient advertisements must be
paid Iff advance.
IMMIGRATION. r
The flow of immigration which suddenly - linorcased- from 07,305 in 1002
to 128,000 in the following year lias
teen more than maintained" (Hiring tho
past fiscal year, when 130,330 persons. Irom aU countries settled 'in
the Dominion. One' very gratifying
. feature is- Ihc.great increase oi. British horn "immigrants, for no
less than 50,375 persons from
1903-1 as compared with 32,500 in
the previous .twelve, months. The influx [row the- Ijnilcil- States, while
large, shows a slight lulling off, being" I5;170'as against '49,500 in' the
previous-' year; so "that even those
timid people in the Old Country who
foolishly profess that the coming ol
-immigrants Horn-the country to the
- south "Will' "Americanize us, may feci
easier in their minds. We .Canadians,''
however,'arc not at all alarmed at
the, coming of our.cousins; Ironitbo
United States, proviilod they arc oi
the excellent class of settler .we have
been;getting in tin? Northwest: They
soon become rooted to the soil anil
beiore long are as good Canadians
as the-rest, of, us.. In. fact,, it .is only
paying us back lor the many thousands of Canadians who Hi former
. years largely aided in thc: development of I'hd Dakoias, Minnesota and
oilier, of the "Western states'. At tho
same time wc are keenly alive to
the advantage of.having the stream
of immigration Irom tho British
Isles turned our way. Wc have room
for all and welcome with open arms
the thrifty and industrious; especially js it gratifying to,have by far the
-larger -proportion.oftthai immigrants
of our own blood, both those from
the Old Country and the Stales. Together last year they made an army
nearly 100,000 strong, as compared
with less ■ than 35,000 Irom other
countries. It is marvellous what an
attraction' Canada has proved to
those seeking new homes in the past
few years. In 1808 less than 32,000
people settled in tlie Dominion and
this rose in 1002 to 07,00(1. Then suddenly in the next year came tlie rush
llie figures'rising to 128,000 in round
numbers. For many years Canada
was under llie.greatesljijisadvantagcs
in striving to gain immigrants'. The
larger population, .and ithc wider advertising giveft tile Hfnited'States,
together with the indifference ol the
Old Country people to the colonics
und their, ignorance oi Canada's advantages; loll us to struggle along in
tho ■ face I' ol -adverse circumstances
;and by shoot" force of character and
dogged perseverencc, force our way
to the front. Those years were not
lost, however, we were laying the
foundations of. sj able government ami
.forming a national character,' So that
now. when the rush ol immigration
has. conic, the Canadian people tan-
not be overwhelmed by it, but will
absorb the new-comers and turn them
Into good citizens of the Dominion,
In the last census, of the 5,100,000
persons In Canada, less than three
quarters of a million were born outside the Dominion and as,tbo iinini-!
gralion" ol ten years past has been
551,000, it Is ridlcttlulous to speak of |
the native Canadian being swamped
by the new-comer. Besides, it must
he remembered that of the three
quarters of a million people referred
to as outsiders more than four hundred thousand were born in other
British possessions, It is. just as
well lo bear these tilings in mind
when" loollsh people talk, as il the
yearly incoming oi immigrants was
going to wipe out the native-born—
we Canadians arc doing the "swamping" il welcoming anil assimilating
newcomers irom other lands can be
spoken ol iu that term.
I
A REMARKABLE SHOT.
Fifed In the Dark, It Injured ThrM
' Hen Hall « Mile Awnr.
"One of tbe best nud most remarkable shots made during tbe war with
Spain," said a gentleman who inittle an
effort to get into the thick of tbe
fight, "wns, In my Judgment, made at
Miami, nnd tbo man who fired the shot
was o Louisiana boy and. a member of
my company. He was doing duty as a
provost guard at the time. It was late
nt night when the soldiers were roused,
.by: the quick, clear crack of n Krag-
..Torgqnsep on the outskirts of the camp.
No particular attention wns paid to
the matter at first, as only one shot
was flred. , But with a couple of officers we went out to where the gunrd
was stationed In order to find put Just
why it wns that be had flred at that
time of night. He explained that be
hnd seen a man slipping through tho
bushes some distance away and had
called on htm to hnlt. He foiled to
obey the command,, and the gunrd
blazed away at blm, more to frighten
him Into a stop tban anything else.
.Of course, the fellow never bolted. He
was probably too badly frightened to
atop at tbat time.
"While we were talking to the guard
We board a fearful noise at least half a
mile from the guard's station, and we
made n break for the place to see what
the matter was. We beard Beveral
people Bcreamlng as If In great agony.
Down the road wc went at full speed,
nnd In a short while we came upon a
little cabin which stood on tbe roadside. The noise wns in this cabin, and
1 never heard such groaning and wailing In my life. Wo found three men In
the house'. They were In great agony,
and we asked them what was the matter. 'W« bare been shot,' they said,
and sure enough they had been shot
"One was shot In the right arm, another In the back and the third In the
hip. They hnd nil been wounded by
the same bullet. The man who was
wounded In the arm was lying ou his
right side. Tbe ball passed through
his arm. Next to blm one of his companions wns sprawling out on bis back,
and the bullet split the bide on this
part of bis anatomy aa smoothly as a
knife Then It pnssed through the
fleshy part of the third man's hip and
sped on.
"We could not And the ball. It had
passed through tbe Bide of the house,
wounded tbe three men in the way Indicated, bored through the wall on the
opposite Bide and kept on going. Now,
thnt cabin was fully half a mile from
the point where the guard was stationed, and yet tbe shot he fired had
wrought all the havoc we found."
ANATOMICAL.
i
Each ear has four bones.
The body has about 500 muscles.
' The lower limbs contain thirty bones
each.
There are 25,000 pores In tbe hand
of a man.
Man Is the only animal that possesses
a real nose and chin.   .
The human skeleton, exclusive of
Iccth, consists of 20S bones.
The eight muscles of tbe human jaw
exert a force of about 500 pounds.   .
The wrist contains eight bones, the
palm five, the Angers have fourteen.
Tbo smallest bone In the bumon body
IS In the lenticular, which is seated In
tho car.
The work performed by tho human
henrt e.ioh twenty-four hours Is equal
to the lifting of 120 tons to a height of
one foot lu the same length of time.
The Ladysmith
Op^ra House
Can be secured for Theatrical
purposes, Dancing parties or Entertainments generally.
D. NICHOLSON, Prop.
F. McB. YOUNG,
BARRISTER and
SOLICITOR. . ..
Nanaimo      - ,    »      B.C
The City Market
R. Williamson, Prop.,
1st Ave,      Ladysmith
The Variety Store
is tAvenue.
""It "will pay ynu io go 'here 'for IIouEe-
hold goodfi, or ninet anything, AIbo get
vonr Sewing Machine repaired. Oil ami
needles for tn'ftuliiaep. '.
T. W. Fletcher.
FARMERS',1 JifeAT, f*JARKET
. Qri jst'.iVveiW!:
Qeo. Roberts  - - - Proprietor
DUooverr of Purple.
A dog belonging to Hercules Tyrius
was one day walking along the seashore when ho found and ate a murex,
u species of shellfish. Returning to
lila master, the latter noticed that tbe
dog's lips were tinged with color, and
In this' milliner Tyrlnn purple wits discovered. Tlie color was used In tbo
roticB of emperors nnd noblcB, nnd tho
expression "born to the purple" meant
Unit tbe person wns of high birth. It
Is strange to think that the favorite
color of royalty'can" be traced to the
curiosity or hunger of the dog of Tyre.
RA.IN.TiN0.   PAPER. HANdlNO,
Work done- properly and at right
prices. ■ Shop ami. residence in rear
of Ladysmith Hold.    '
J. E. SMITH, Prop.
Best aoonimodalion   for transient  and
permanent boarders and lodgers
GRAND HOTEL
This new hotel lias .been comfortably
furnished  and tbe  bar  is  uu-to-dite,
Rates $1 00 and upward.
Wm. Bevkbidiih, Prop.
N-planade Ladyamith
THE FRANK HOTEL
Esplanade. Ladyemith
Board by the w^fk or month fit, rpflpori-
.ib'eialee.   The leading bar in the city.
Victoria Phopnlx heer.
FRANK BABY, Prop.
Esquimalt &  Nanaimo  Railway
Time Table No. 50.
Effective April 14, 1004.
Traim leave Ladyemith, Southbound daily, at 9:10 a. in., and on Saturdays
Sundays and Wednesdays at 5:06 p.m.
Trains leave Ladysmith, Northbound, at 11:57 a.m. and on Saturdays, Sundays and Wednesdays at 6:45 p. tn. i
Excursion tickets on sale from and to all statlous, good for going j urney
Saturday aud. Sunday, returning not later than Monday.-
HOTEL DOMINION
—Kates 1(1.25 nndtjt.50-
l-'ice bus to all eteumhoat landings and
r«ilway|depota.   Electric cars every Ave
minutes to all parts ot the city.   Bar
and table unexcelled.
F. BAYN15S, Proprietor,
ABBOTT ST.,   VANCOUVER, B.C.
NEW WESTERN
HOTEL
A good Boarding House and Hotel
where there arc good tables and
beds.
MRS. MARY DAVIS, Prop.
HOTEL
LADYSMITH
RAT13S-J1.00     per    day.     Fiaest
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
First Avenue, Ladysmith, B. C.
D. C. WHITE,   Prop.
KING'S HOTEL
Fourth Avenue.
Board by the day, week,-or month
at right prices.,, Bar well supplied
JOSEPH AND TASSIN.
OEORUE L. COURTNEY,
Traffic Manager.
Coal!   -   Coal!
-,..    ,   ,,,- s ■    ■ "i ■   ,       -^ - I
' ■ - —     - —.. ■ i 4
Wellington Colliery
Company, Ltd, \
~'.—i 1—:   -, «
; Wellington Coal   Best household coal on the Pacific * i
"' 'Coast    ■"'' ..''""''" J
* Comox Coal—Best steam coal on the Pacific Coast   \
■: Alexandria Coal^First-classgas,1 steam and household coal
The above coals are mined only by the  Wel-
lington Colliery Company.    Wharves at Ladysmith,
:: Oyster Harbour, and Union Bay, Baynes Sound.
Head Office
Victoria, B. C
San  Francisco Agency,
; R. Dunsmuir's Sons Co'y
340 Steuart St.
1   1
►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦>♦♦♦♦■♦♦♦*♦♦»••»••*♦•♦••»>•♦•♦•♦-♦■♦♦•••
How Mjaijy People In Ladysmith?   .
 . ,—1 .  v.
A canvass of the city is being made for subscribers to
the Daily Ledger. It has been suggested by come of the
businsss men that it would be of interest and value to the
cor ::'■ : y to know how many people live in Ladysmith
ami jiiitjiieiliate vicinity, 'ihis means till of the actual residents within half a mile of the postoffice iu Ladysmith, exclusive of Chinese;'
Each subscriber to the Daily Ledger will be handed a
card and asked to write down a guess of the number of
people our census, which will be taken with reasonable accuracy will show.
Envelopes will be given with the card. Write down your
guess, sign your name, put the card in the envelope and seal
it up; either hand it to the canvasser or leave it at the
Ledger office. All guesses must be in during October; none
will be counted after that date.
The census will be computed by.the 15th of November.
The envelopes will then be opened and the following prizes
given:
1. To the person who guesses nearest to the exact number of people living within one-half mile of the postoffice
(exclusive.of Chinese) $20,00 iu gold.
2. The person coming second nearest, $10.00 in.gold.
3. The person coming third nearest, $5.00 in gold.
If two or more persons tie for any place the money will
be divided.
This contest will be absolutely fair. No person in any
way, connected with the canvass will either give out any information or be allowed.to compete.
THE DAILY LEDGER CO.
ft
IGRMNITE
♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦ ft »■»♦+++»♦ ♦+++++.f+++++1 + (. t+^+f +♦♦+♦
The Satmond Estate is now on \
the market   ,
J.STEWART, Agent.
Real Estate, Conveyancing, Loans, etc.     NOTARY PUBLIC.
Fire, Liff *nd Aooident Insurance
Agent for Ih* U. S. Fidelity and Buaranty Co., Baltimore
1 »♦■»♦♦»♦ ♦*+♦♦+♦♦♦♦♦».,»»♦+♦■♦■»-»»♦>♦♦■»♦♦♦♦♦♦< .»,,«♦♦ + ♦♦
^'^»*<»*<»^<*^****i«y».(«^»»iu»>vft'«*'ti*v*vf»'fe*'(fr' 'ton-**
THE TYEE COPPER CO., Ltd.
PURCHASERS AND SMELTERS OF COPPER, OOLD AND
SILVER ORES.
Smelting Works at
LADYSMITH, B. C.
Convenient to E. & N. Ry. or the Sea
I CLERMONT LIVINGSTON,
THOS. KIDDIE.       j
I General Manager. Smelter Manager. |
*-fc»'feft'*4*'te*'ti*-te»l'fe*'tt#lU»>-{i»! Kl4-*'te»l'fe*'fe»l'iir*l«.»l-fe».-fe»l'-t!,»-fe»!'
RATKSfi.ooI'HRDAY
SAMFI.K ROOMS
bar snrri.iKD with bkst
WINKS, LIQUORS, CIQARS
Beat accomodation Id town.   Splendid hunting and Ashing in near vicinity.
A. J. McMURTRIB, Proprietor LADYSMITH, B. C.
Happy Home yotel
J. Dyer, Proprietor.
it' Having taken over tliii hotel, alter having It all papered and paint-
:jj ed ajul papered and improved throughout, we are in a position to effer the
&' Lust accommodation hoth for regular and transient boarbers.
$ piled with the beat wines, sllqiiurn and  cigars.
Bar Blip.
.    . Dining room under Ihe
$ management ol Mre. Dejorwill be found drst-clase.
ey*^fc*\t^'^'ti*<*»>'^-«^t^,ts»i«^^^
The Spirit Wn» Willing;.
"See here," cried the tailor aa Slopny,
IiiivIiik donned his new eult, started out
of the store; "you're forgetting something."   ■ .   ,     -.,
"Indeed?"snldSlopny. "What's thnt?"
"You must remember our understanding. I made this suit for you only because you said you wanted to pay cash
for It."
"And 1 still want to, but I'm sorry to
lay I can't"
A Matter of guineas.
."1 cannot understand, sir, why you
permit your daughter to Biie me for
breach of promise. Vou remember that
you were bitterly opposed to our engagement because 1 wasn't good enough
for her and would disgrace tho family."
"Young man, thnt was sentiment;
this Is business."    -
HND
TINWHRe
I ISLAND   HOME  HOTEL
9}\ BATES & KN1UHT, Proprietors.
I-TTXIOIZh     2 First Avenue, - Ladysmith
\I\J. jf^V J^C ^ 51Be,t '"PP""1 ■*' in ktdy'inltb. Finest accommodation lor transient guests «s
S\ well as for regular boarders. Completely refitted and furnished. Dining room
M' and housekeeping in charge ol Mrs. Tate. .,
JR 1 ' ^—
$| NOTICE,
^ I   The undersigned Arm Has opened a manufactory and are now making the cele-
9\ bratsd Empire Cigar.   Stock will be ready for the market about 01.. lOtb.
* THE EMPIRE CldAR CO.
Br- W. J. Quinlan,
DENTIST    .
Stevens Block, Ladysuiitb, B, O.
Dentistry in all Its branches j every new
appliance.
,     ,   SEE OUR WINDOWS
x%^i^ : |M. .R SIMPSON
CARLISLE    BLOCK jj , *  ion,» ,0 ^l"
9\ lit Avenue   • •  ■   UDYSMITh LADYSMITH LEDGER
I
1MPRESSI0NS4.QF
THEFARMGiRL
■-'"• *        tj-t' J'Oi.J
"Well thank goodness, out threshing |s over—gee, Tom, gee you,
beast!" interpolated Sadie Maggie,
in a stentorian voice, imitating her
brother's bellowings to their horses.'
1 was leaning over the yard gate
while Sadie Haggle, witli the sleeves
of ber immaculate white '"waist'
rolled up to the elbow harnessed
Tom to the buggy lor she was' going
. to .give mo a lilt to the village. The
threshing machine was lumbering and
puffing down   the road to old    man
£ MeL'uiloch's and Sadie Maggie's father, brothers, and the two hired
meiL had all gone down to lend a
helping, hand; tor where labor is
scarce and dear, as iu Ontario, each
farmer lias to lend himself and'- his
hired help to his neighbor at threshing time.  '    H
- Sadie Maggie pulled her sleeves
down, and we got into the smart
hooded liuggy, which takes the place
of the English farm gig in Canada.
, "Yes, we girls hate .threshing
time,'-' continued Sadie 'Maggie.
"There were fourteen men to dinner
to-day and it has taken me nearly
two hours to clear up. Mamie was
not feeling well, anil Mary Ellen has
gone back to college, so maw    and
■me had it all tn do."    .
Sadie Maggie's lather is a wealthy
Ontario iarmcr of the third generation, and would probably he termed
a "gentleman farmer" in England.
■The farm-house is a large, substantial red-brick country house, with
well-kept lawn iii Iront and the barns
.and yard-on the opposite side ol the
road. One of the daughters is at
the University in Toronto, hi|t in
the vacation she has to help "Mav"
.anil Sadie Maggie, .with- the washing
and cooking and canning anil -lu'.ttr-
malting, for, however flourishing anil
wcli-to-do the Ontario farmer may
lie, he would    not dream  if I e.'ping
. fonialc servants .while .there -:>were .-.a
mother and daughters'in' tlie tc.isc.
"Do you two gir|s. have , to tool)
for and wash up after all, th ^3 men
at threshing-time? Don't o i >,«l
any help:! " -Tasked.
husbands or fathers arc- iji!- nothing
like your .lather's .. positioji—-miiiiiic-
' class people—and'they all 'keep; at
least one servant. She docs jjmost
ot- .the word (Sadie snortedj at .,'■ the>|
idea of work in a town house where
■there were water-taps (and1, gas
stoves, and n° butter to jriake" or
milk pans., to scour, or, baking or
canning, o'r hired ' men 'to itei'Y.
What do the daughters so? Well,
they make their beds and (just their
bedrooms. The servants do' the
cleaning and sweeping. . Then -they
dust the drawing room and arrange
the flowers, and perhaps make i tlie
pudding for dinner, iwtd then go out
and leave orders' with the tradesmen
and that is about all the housework
they do." .     •  . ■
Sadie Maggie looked at me inctcd
.Ulously." ■... ..'--., j      .    ..
"Gee Tom, gee there. Wc . have
no use for girls like that in Canada," she said decisively and scornfully.—Ella Darlington in, London
"Morning Leader." -' :;
o •
The commercial traveler had just
finished one of his best stories. ?
''■li> that isn't true; every word,
I'm a goat,'" lie said/J
As ire had butted "into' the conversation,, (ii ,,the iirst place, \ theyi admitted that he was..,. •
,..   ^,Wi .CONSOLATION.
"Yes, sub," said the colored deacon, "I wuz on do river- bank, en
seen the alligator swallcr dc boy
aHviS. 1 liul1' 'dar's consolation in it
after all."
"How come?"
"Well, dat's -one nigger what'li
,tl$yer Jib lynched!,"—Atlanta Consti-
t«l(iiW-.,.. .
Miss Passay — I overheard .that
young professor commenting ijjuii my
classical features.-
Hiss Peppery—Yes? He was telling me that he always preferred
classical things because ol their very
antiquity.
"Yes, sir-r.    Wc do it all.  'lure*
■no lielp"io'he got here;    I cwi    tell
yon.    Maw couldn't get a woihu'c
help wash    or clean    in all , iar-::s-
vlITc. "No"slr-f flicy*re all too    In-
" -dependent,.'-" But "fourteen is' nothing.
Five years ago, when Paw was lais-
ing the new lam, we had a   fundred
men .to ^ dinner, and ,slipper...,.,  Landy
sake,    that    was    a pic-nic   •>! us!
What we gals    hale' most is  whjii
they spit on the floor.    I tell    v.i i
.it's disgusting,.and..wo have,to tic*),
up after them.    It's a thing    Pay
never docs.    He always spits  inM
the stovo....... Maw says -that's ■ 'tlie
one thing she stands out for, but,
ol course,, wc can't,say anything to
the men at threshing-time, or ivy'.I
up and put ptithc dogi;—smart."
I had been present on one occasion
at supper during threshing-time, and
I could sympathize.   .The snppir C'.iif-
sistcd   of  , bacon,    potatoes, upple
, i"sass." green tea, and ijics, doughnuts and cakes And- the niein    " i.l
not bo said to eat,   They i-tohed, the
food    licing   simply shovelled    into
their moutlig.      Mamie and    Sndie
Maggie and '.'.Maw" acted as stokers
and waitresses.     What conversation
. there | was, and/; ther,e (.witsii not time
,. for- much, was among the men theni-
, selves;    they, , did not doign to r.d-
dress the women    except to dcmaiid
some more suss    or'another help oi
., pie:: and of course, such civilities as
"Thank you" or ''Please" were . .i
ljcard o(.   ,,   .„   ,,. ,
Tho Ontario cnimlryman looks in
jfls "jwoinan,!] as he,calls, his. vife,
and, oii.ijtlior pcoplejS.i '4momein1r*as
.very (inferior nnimnlsjto Jilmuclt and
except where there is some Irish
leaven tho out wnril tokens of ■ cs-
pect to the other sex sucli as, fur
instance, touching the hat, are rx-
' trciiicly1'rare1/ ',...',.' ',,,,...■
I looked at the smart, neat ''giirc
fK'siiie me, and the sliarnj (utolligunt
face—the typical Ontario woman's
face—no poetry, no atmosphere..'out
it—but plenty' of shrewd jtu .••!■
^sejisc^ind .,kfcii wit aj»d/1 jenuhl njujj
"help comparing Sadie Maggie ami Iter
domestic capabilities with some " ol
..thci^gjrls I know, at home,, wbn:i|< fathers do not possess a square inch
ol land and who, iij the.oyont ./uclr
den Illness or loss ol work w'j'roi up;'
perhaps, £10 to tlip.good. . . '
"Well," I said','"f ahi "afraid you
would think some ol the girls ,n Eng
land rather useless beings. Do. you
know that no one'in England,in the.
position of your "family would think"
of doing without at least one . er-
vant? And you say you and y^ur
sister and'mother do all tho
ing, .cooking, cleaning, -baking
sewing lor six without help?
i ..ARM.Y .MANOEUVRES.'
The manoeuvres this year! in England, which planned, upon a'■ scale oi
achievement never hitherto j attempt,
ed in any country, in so far as an
actual) invasion was . represented by a real descent upon, the open
coast by a whole division, iwere^qai--
ried out very successfully, hud great
satisfaction is expressed byi tbe service journals at the efficiency ,of .arrangements, etc. It is agreed that
the. best:work was shown, in,the embarking and disembarking of the
troops, a service which, of course,
ought to be in the British service
well nigh "perfect "By" 'this time.
Horses went on hoard the transports
saddles and wagons were.,hoisted in
fully loaded. ..In disembarking' the
troops had an open ' samly beach
with shallow water. Landing stages
were erected after the arrival of the
ships, and men and horses landed
in ,open boats, and scows. - In —this
work the Bluejackets ajitf Marines
are reported to he Indefatigable. In
the first hour 1,1011 men were landed, and at the end-.of three hours
5,100, men, |■ 200 hoascs and 20 guns
had been lauded, while 12 hours alter arrival tbe whole invading force
of 7,000 men, with about 1,0011
horses,, 20 guns nnd about-ISO wagons, were in full march into the interior of tlie country. This is .considered to have been a most creditable performance. One singular feature which was jpot | at all on the
official programme deserves mention.
The night before the invading forco
took shipping, at Southampton a
stampede occurred among the horses
of the 8th .and .-14th Hussars in bivouac at Daddcsley Common, and
some 000 - horses broke" away and
scattered in the .night in all dircc-
AW?b,'';j}fon.Jijjc<iq those were not.
caught until the second day after
showing the remarkably extent of
the panic. General French, thus
.peeing, hi^ cavalry iorce d^noralized,
wfrdil Jtne-., pe!|t inorning*(Suuday),
to the reserve regiment at Aider-
shot to, join him at oitce.'' The telegram found the regiment on parade,
about to attend divine service, but
by.2ip.ni., they.were on the march
on route'for Southampton.: They bi-
vouaedd that night in a park a la
Sfluth,, A,fr.ic,a,;, .and at ,)0 o'clock
marched aboard the ships for participation in ihc operations. The'1st
King's Dragoon Guards got a lot of
praise .for ..this,' Ttyhich, certainly
showed splendid readiness ior ...the
unexpected, and this after all is. the
real test fori any- troops.
THE CHEER IDIOTIC.
The sarcastic cheer is very common, and I recall one latal example
of its use, says Mr.'Henry Norman,
in the "Century." Mr. Gladstone
was once drawing very remarkable
conclusions from some figures—an art
In which he was an unnpproached
masterjj :-A* frtCitrher on the other
side laughed out "Hear, hear!" ir-
ironically. Gladstone stopped instantly, and turned and Icokcd with
interest at the interrupter, who assuredly would at that moment have
(ijiven a. gooi] deal .to Recall his words
Then he turned back to the speaker.
"Sir," he said, "the honorable gentleman laughs." , For a minute or
two he quoted from memory1 n long
string ol figures proving the accui-J
ncy of-what ho had previously,said. I
Tlie next time the honorable" gen-1
tlemaii laughs," he continued; lit lion-'
eyed tones,. "fvwould,advise hlin—I
would venture to counsel him—to ornament his laugh—to decorate if—
with an idea.''  '  ,''„.-„ ft
CONSUMPTION CONGRESS.
St. Louis, Mo., Oct. 5.—The concluding session of the International
Congress oh- titbctcnlosik ms held
to-day and was devoted largely to
the discussion of a sanitarium suitable [or the treatment of patients
afflicted ..with consumption,-and methods to prevent infection., The discussions embraced the medical and
surgical aspects of tuberculosis, beneficial climatic conditions and the erect of light and electricity on patients in. the course of treatment.
Mrs. Fritters—And how does ?our
new girl suit?
Mrs. Frazzle—:Not so loud, please.
She is a perfect incompetent. Who,
sho doesn't even know tho ''ist
thing about waiting on the tabic.
Mrs. Fritters,   (Smiling)— ll,   ;
needn't be afraid.    I uou t w.li:*   lo
take her away from you.
Mrs. Frazzle— Don't .you,    dc,
Then she's really the best girl   I've
had since Mary Ann Raglct left
four years ago.
I Union Brewing Co,
NANAIMO, B. C.
nanufacturers of the_
BEST BEER
-In British Columbia
QEORQE YUEN
Merchant Taylor
All kinds . of clothing cleaned and
repaired.
Exonerated.
Three-year-old , .Jack . bad pulled A
large buucb of nnsturtiums in > his
grandmother's yard, though strlctty forbidden to touch tbe flowers. A court
martial was held, with grandma ns
Judge ndvocatc.   ...
"Jack," she said, "who pulled grandma's flowers?" >
With n sad countenance tbe beautiful
little fellow replied, "Kathleen" (hla
elder sister).
Then the grandfather, a rather stern
old gentleman and a great stickler for
truth, spoke up.
"Jack, be a man and say, 'I did It!'"
With a beaming expression of relief
Jack cried out, "On, yes; grandpa did
ltl"-Judge..
The Itoj.ll "We."
There has been a tendency of late
yenrs on tlie part of royal personages
to discontinue the use of we and sub
stltute I. Before the reign of Richard
I.,"I" (Hgol wns always used, Richard
being the first sovereign in Europe to
use the royal "we" (Nos). -What gnve
rise.to tbe change is n moot point
Ricbnrd i. wus tiie Iirst king to seal
with a seal of arms which bore two
lions, .nnd it has been suggested that
the lions were typical of tbe royal "we"
and occasioned Its use.
icle.
Qncatloueil Too cloaely.
Tees— You aud Miss Sere don't seem
to be good friends. What's the matter?
Jess—Why, she remarked that she
was twenty-four ycurs old, and—. .
Tess—And you doubted It?
Jess—Not at nil. I merely said, "Ot
course,    but    wueoi"
IIIh Simple Plu,
"And you tay be got rich Belling meal
tlekcts ton for a dollar? How was bucIi
n tiling possible?"
"Oil, very simple. Nobody ever wen*
hnck after tbe second meal."
A. 0. MeAdic,
Successor to R. Ki.Ipatrick, Extension and Nanaimo.
funeral Director 1 filter
Residence, Abbotsl
lancep
Ladysmith,
Residence, Abbotsford Hotel; long distance phone Itill.
B. 0.
I. E. HILBERT
Funeral Director   .
Special attention eiven to cullsniglit
orday. I,oiipdiHtaiici!,p]ioue 124.
NANAIMO, B. C.
I
Cuban Cigar Factory
Manufacturers of the Famoua
CUBAN    -    BLOSSCM
None but Union Labor employed '
JT. J. BOOTH, - Proprietor.
NANAIMO, B. O.
W.G.Fraser
Merchant Tailor
(ist Avenue)
Fall Stock Just Arrived. Call early
aud get your pick of the largest and best
stock in town.'
4"M"H ***++**+*4***-M"fr
Lager Beer and Porter Guaranteed Brewed
from the Best Canadian Malt rnn Hops.
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.
The Union Brewing Company will pay $10 reward for information
which will lead to the timet and ronvicton nf any person or pereonB
destroying Union Brewing Cotnpany'e kegs or bottles, or failing to re*    2
turn the Ptwutv jjt
Miners' Drilling Machines,
Made lo order and Repaired at short notice.     Drills sharpened by oe
Hlwayeigive? eatiefaetion.    Picks handled and repaired.
Shipsmithing in all its Branches.
Horseshoers and General Blacksmiths.
David Murray
Buller Street -   -   -   - Ladysmith, B. C
Carpenter, Builder,. Contractor and General Jobber
,     CABINET-MAKING     ,
W Awnings a Specialty.
LADYSfUTH, B.C.
**MAAAAA^»*AA^^*AA*A*»^V»****^AAyVV»^»^M*A£
BARBER   SHOP & BATH ROOMS.
The ESPLANADE,   between tlie
I Grand aud Abbottsford, '■
Wuuam Powers, Prop.
W. JfuKMB, Secretary.
John W. Coiiunx, Manager,
Telephone 46.
The  Ladysmith Lumber Co.,  Ltd.
MILLS AT F1DD1CK AND MDY SMITH-Shingles a Specialty.
—Mmiuiautiiterfl    ol— - i
Rou\h and Dressed Fir and Cedar Lumber, Laths,
Shingles, Mouldings, Etc., of the Best Quality.
Seasoned  an I  Kiln  Dried   Flooring and Fioialiini;' Lumber always In Stock,
Livery Rigs
At Any Hour, Day or Night.
Expressing and Light Teaming.
DAVID JOHNSON/
Two Blocks North of R. R. Station, Ladysmith
We Are Slaughtering
All our Choice Assortment of Beef,
.  Mutton, Pork and Veal ourselves and
can guarantee everything to be the !
Nicest, Freshest and Cleanest on the
market	
PANNELL & PLASKETT
SEVENS BLOCK, ^AtACRB STREET, LAD/YSrilTH, B.C
*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
w MORRjSON'S   i
Z        JUST RECEIVED
jjj     Fifty boxes hand packed  ap-
£ pies in Prime  Condition.   Sel-
GC ling at $1.25 per box.
"     LADYSMITH TRANSFER CO. *
PIANOS, ORGANS AND HOUSEHOLD FURNITURE  MOVED
PROMPTLY AND SAFELY
Sljililcs in rear orLadj-sill ill. Hotel.   Leave orders at the Abbottsford.
WILLIAMS AND WASKETT
;k»:+:«*»:+:»h-;»*«*»*»:+;»h;^
ist Avenue    -"-".' Ladysmith,-B. C.
MORRISON'S
I Delivered in Any Part of the City I
Every Afternoon
; :MbtTNtAINAIU TO BLA.1E.
A new    guest arrived at af New
Bos-
I10I1I-
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Ilampslilre farmliousc wlipre
ton gentleman iia|i|'eiieti t.u lie.
ing itlrth Alt the piazza. The new
comer was much impressed hi the
speaker's fluency.
"I dctildre," "lio remarked to) the
jfj '..IWllpQl, k,"that man lias an ^xton-
'sivis vocabulary, hasn't he?" 1
"Yaap. Of course we do;, amlher-l The landlord was miKhty pleased,
rying and cuioino-and ploklinKi. and 'Thats so, lie said, "fhnts
milking at bus? times. ' Why, what wl,at' ™™M« air will do fir a
else would wc do?. What do theso, man- "• al» l bectn l,0»r(lil' with
■pWllVli-sllls dc, Anvway? "she en- m bu* tWo™ks' knA 1 knoT "«
qnfeUeowfuHy.,., -',- ,.,., , M,,.f.vj.W\HVfM "ijlS^W -"' ""
#011, 1 know lots of women whoso    ,nu(h as two i,lcl,es'
AT LAST
We are among you and shall be
pleased to see all our friends at our
new store on First Avenue.
ft&W.
MEAT  MARKET
The Daily Ledger!
50 Cents per  Month
«»:«»:>^-«^«^«»:>»:»»:»^«^«^»s>i»j)(«ifc,t)^a)^t)i).:>iK>^,^,))i,^
DAY SCHOOL.
Usual subjects taught; also languages, drawing in poncil and crayons, painting in oils and water col-
NOTICE
Messrs. Blair and Adam have m-
ors,   pianoforte .and   vocal lessons,' curo(1   tll0   agencT „. the rjhrystal
given in classes or individually. I Laulldry Co.   to Victoria.   AH p»r-
MISS BERTRAM.     cels .„d orders le[t wlth t|,em   yrQl
Ladysmith, B. O. -       I rece|Ve prompt and careful attenttoa, LADYSMITH   DAILY   LEDGER
'cd a passenger    train to dismember
r. ■"• ><     FOR- SALE.  - tiicm at' trie ankles.' ' " The engineer
Small Coal Stove, No. 22 Climax,  was unable t0 stop the train in time
used only two months; good as new; to prevent     the accident.      Oleson
price, $5.    Apply told the train crew that he was   a
J. W. COBURN.   (disciple ol    God, and that he    was
'""'» doing penance as God had    di-
FORSALE
reeled him in a dream a few  hours
betorc.    lie protested against medi-
Ono bay mare, gentle; good speedy ,.ai attendance, claiming that    God
traveller, 10 years old; weight, between 1,000 and 1,100.   Price, $70.
W.  H.  CRANE,
East Cedar District.
would heal his wounds. Oleson is
a well-to-do farmer.—Chicago Chronicle.
o
TEMPORARY MARRIAGES.
Marriages lor forty  years,    forty
WANTED-For Ladysmith a lady or' il0urs or forty minutes, at the    op-,
gentleman   to introduce our rapid  (,(„„ 0[ the contracting parties, will
sellers;  experience unnecessary;      a' u0 the rule in the near future,
rustler can make big money.   Apply eording to George Meredith, the   no-
quick,   J. M. MacGregor Publishing
Co., Vancouver, B. C.
LOCAL ITEMS
Mr. Peter Woodb'urti, ol Nanaimo,
is visiting his brother in Ladysmith
this week,
Ensign Wilkins, Miss Wilkins and
Miss Little, ol the Salvation Army,
Victoria, arc in town collecting for
the Army's Harvest .Home,;. Festival,,
a yearly event which the army celebrates with great heartiness.:
Robert Bell, of Ladysmith, returned yesterday from a week's trip to
Cumberland and-thnt section.- Mr.
Bell reports a pleasant time. Capt.
Dillon has opened an office at Cumberland.' and is in hopes of building
up a good business in his line.
Mrs. McKay, mother of Mr. Jas_
McKay, engineer .on the. E. and N.
Railway, arrived yesterday from
Baaff, where she had been spending
a couple of months,..with, a daughter.
Mrs. McKay will leave for her home
at Cumberland, in a few days.
PUBLIC MEETING FRIDAY.
A public meeting is. called-lor tof
morrow evening for the purpose of
receiving the report of ihe Dominion
Day Celebration Committee and to
decide what shall he done with the
money on hand. - Tim meeting, will
be held in (he banquet hall in the
Opera House at 7 p.m. sharp. Everybody is welcome.
velist. Such alliances will be legalized under the new and, in the novelist's belief, enlightened order ol
things social. When this era dawns
the state will enforce a provision ol
money lor -the education of children,
and likely will distribute the fund.
This revolutionary prophecy is given prominence in the Daily Mail. In
his interview Mr. Meredith welcomes
a free discussion on the subject,
though, ns he confesses, "everything
that ought to .be said has to he cut
.in half."    lie adds: . ..  .
Where will he a devil of an uproar before such a change can be
made. It will he a great shock,
hut look back and see what shocks'
there have been and what changes
have nevertheless occurred in the
marriage business in the past."
Mr. Meredith foresees great difficulty in English conservatism, "indicating the Englishman's persistency in regarding any new trait as a
sign ol disease.- Yet it is a sign
of health, and 1 am very glad if any
words of mine can help air the sul>-
ject;"
♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Our $7.50   J
GENUINE DIAMOND rings,
set in 14k gold are winners.
Should yon S >»"* «' getting,
a larger size diamond, wc
have them in different styles
and prices up to $125.00.
Call and sec us.
B.FORCIMMER
Jeweler - -
- - Optician
STKVKNS BT.OCK,
Ladysimth, B. C.
*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
AT THE ABBOTSFORD
George Ramsay, Vancouver.
J. 11. Freeman, Vancouver.
A. Vaughau, Vancouver.
EXECUTIVE MEETING.
The Executive ' ot the Ladysmith
Liberal Association will meet Friday ejjening," Ocl. Gib, at 7 o'clock,
in the committee rooms, Hartley's
old store, First Avenue.
D.'OOURLEY, Secretary.
held this post until the Boxer outbreak in lflOO. lie was then dispatched to Chihili lo command the
First Russian expeditionary corps,
and he took part iti all the opera-
lions for the rescue of the Legations
at retail! Since then, Gen. Line-
vitch has remained in the Far East.
When the present war broke out he
was "glven'"thc military command at
Vladivostok, and he -organized the
raiding expedition which caused- the
Japanese so much anxiety in Northeastern Korea.
<*»»V/»*>*^/W>^VV*W
•I ^.M.M-.j~H-.H'*M"M^M"k+'H»H
I   SPORTS J
«fWW«(W4iWt^l+H*l
COMING.F1G11T.
San Francisco, Cal., Oct. 0.—Unless Al. I-Ieriord balks at the terms
demanded, there is now every prospect oi a light between Joe Gans
and Jimmy Britt within the next
thirty days. The managers will
meet to-night at the. office 0! the
Yosomltc ..Athletic.Club and. tlose.
the deal.
Tbe rivalry between the Snow-
flakes, and Black Diamonds hits broken out in a new place and the teams
arc now" arranging for a football
game to take place on Sunday week.
Manager Sanderson of the Snowilakes
is taking a good deal of interest in
tlie event and if is urged that both
teams turn out lor practice on Sunday morning to get iu good shape
for the battle of the next week.
BASKETBALL TO-NIGHT.
A practice of the Ladysmith llas-
kclball club is called for lliis   evening, and afterwards officers fur   the
year will be chosen.
MARINE. ,
SS. Selkirk sails this evening
with 11(1 tons oi matte Irom the
Tyco Smelter lor Tacoma and then
will proceed tn Victoria where she
will go on the ways lor ii-cleaning
and ship a new propeller.
The coal barge John G. Potter,
belonging to the Pacific Freighting
Company, of which ft. Duiisiniiir is
president, has gone on the marine
slip at the Victoria Machinery Depot's works. The barge" will lie
given a general overhauling before
returning to her regular trade ot
carrying coal to Alaska and ore to
Tacoma.
CUT OFF HIS FEET.
Matthews Oleson, a religious fanatic, believing that he had received
divine instructions to have his lect
cut off by a locomotive, walked seven
miles to tho Chicago, Burlington and
jQuincy -tracks, ;ilnc miles southwest
ol sierflng, HI,, where he placed
■both feet over the rails and permitt-
PLAN HUGE CANAL-
Two Denver men, Erwin A. Spcr-
ry and George C. Cowdery, arc engaged in bringing about one ol the
greatest commercial projects in the
recent history ol the country, building a canal from New Orleans to the
Gulf ol Mexico,
When completed the work will be
of Inestimable benefit to New Orleans and the states north and west.
New York capitalists are behind the
scheme, which calls for a canal 15
miles long, 8,000 feet wide and 35
feet deep, making it the widest and
deepest canal in the world.
The canal will take a direct. line
south for New Orleans and will cut
out 07 miles of uncertain and changeable channels on the way to the
gull. There will be a large lock at
the upper end and provisions lor the
immediate transfer of all freight to
and from ships. In addition, there
will he a dry dock and a system ol
drainage canals that is expected to
reclaim 1,1100,000 acres ol land lor
agricultural purposes.
Sailing vessels which arc now
practically barred Irom New Orleans
Will, be able to make tbe port easily
and the grain shipments, which last
year exceeded New York's, will be
correspondingly.increased, Long tonnage and pilotage charges for work
in the drifting Mississippi channel
will be a thing ol the past with the
new canal.
An electric road will parallel tlie
canal Irom New Orleans to its southern terminus, Grand Isle. This
latter place will be converted into
a'neautitul winter resort, wilt( beautiful hotels and residences along its
spacious beach.
ft The work is expected to make New
Tit-leans second in importance to New
York ns a shipping point.
 0	
GENERAL LINEVITCH.
Of all the Russian generals in the
Far East at the present moment,
General Lincvitch, who was mentioned as likely to he given command of
service in Manchuria, has perhaps
the richest experience in Asiatic
wartarc. He knows Asia, both in
the east and the west, ami has earned distinction in the Caucasus long
liclore he reaped laurels in China.
When still a young officer of twenty-
one, he served against the Go'rzP of
the .Caucasus with a gallantry and
military genius, which earned lor
him the Criss of the Anne Order.
During the Jtusso-Turkksh war in
1877 lie commanded the Second Oatl-
sasus battalion, and [ought with sn
much distinction that he was awarded the Order ol St. George and a
golden sabre, and was promoted to
a colonelcy. In 1881 he became
colonel ol the Eighty-Fourth Regiment ol Infantry, and in 1889 was
given the command ol a Transcaspi-
1111 brigade, with the rank ol Licut-
enanl-Gencral. In 1805 he was appointed commander ol the troops ib
the Ussurl military district, and he
CAPE. TO CAIRO.
The construction ol the Cape-to-
Cairo Railway is proceeding satisfactorily, and the route which the
route will traverse toward Khartoum,
has been tentatively decided upon,
says the London Mail. At present,
the line is in progress of construction" on'"" the".tiorth' side ol 'Victoria
Falls toward Kalomo, while the
work ol erecting • the huge bridge
which will cross the falls is proceeding with from either side. It is
hoped by the time, the Kalomo line
is finished that arrangements will
have b en made for extending the
raiiWy, n liter two hundred and
fifty 1. il :, to the copper district
nor 1 h el Ihc Katuc River, and then
the project is to carry the line to
Lake Tanganyika. The railway will
traverse the north ■ ol Eastern Rhodesia to tlie south end of the lake.
It has not yet been decided whether
the line will follow the eastern shore
ol the waterway or' whether steam.-
ers on the lake will he employed to
continue the means of communication
The railway, however, will be joined
with the Uganda line, and then
pushed northward past Fashoda to
Khartoum	
Yee, we've all kinds of wheels; wo are
agents for the Canada Cycle and Motor
Co., of Toronto, and carry their "Per-
lect wheel in atoek."
We also repair wheels; II yours does
not inn tn rait yon", .end It up tone.
All kinds of light machinery repairs.
We sre gasoline launch experts
R. J. Wenborn
FrAFer Street,
Nanaimo
A good aeanrtment of Nute Paper,
Fnli'it" from 10 cents up, plain or ruled
K>xes of Writing Paper and Envelop,
fnni 20: up to oOd. Plain or mled
papur And ttoml quality, at Kniglita
IV. k Stare.
DRESS GOODS
Just received a Large Consignment of New Dress
Goods whtch consists ol
TWEEDS, CASHMERE and
LADIES CLOTH.
FRENCH    „       ' •'
FLANNELS
50 pieces ol French Flannels.
No two alike. In Blouse
lengths at 50 cents a yard.
FURS
HO furs in Brown, Black,
Grey and White. From $1.00
up.
DRYSDALE-
STEVENS0N
Co., Ltd.
Any
Kind
of
Job
Printing
Done Promptly and
WELL
At
THE
LEDGER
Office
On Ist Avenue
All Work Done at
Reasonable Rates.
BEST BATH
CITY-Ladysmith
High Street.
ROOMS IN THE
Shaving   Parlor,
NOTICE.
Persons   found   using our   Patent
Bottle,or Stoppers after this notice,
will be prosecuted.
HUMMING BROS.
Pioneer Soda Water Works.
Ladysmith, B.C.
THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE
WITH WHICH IS 'AMALGAM ATED     ^ ,
The Bank of British Columbia'
HEAD OFFICE: TORONTO.
Capital Paid Up ♦8.700,000'
Rest -. .- ;., 8 000,000
Ag/rgate resources exceeding 8:1,000 000
Hon. Gbo. A. Cox, President. B. E, Walker, General Manager.
London Office, 60 Lombard St., E.C.
The Bank has 1011 Branches well distributed throughout the Dominion aid
elsewhere, including the following in British Columbia and Ihe Yukon Territory:
ATI.IN    .    .     GREENWOOD NANAIMO        -     VANCOUVER
CRANBllOOK    KAMI.OOI'8 NELSON VICTORIA
DAWSON LADYSMITH N. WESTMINTER    WHITE HORSE
Branches in the United States
NEW YORK     SAN KRANOISCO     PORTLAND     SEATTLE    SKAGWAY
Every description ol banking business transacted,   Letters ol credit on an
part ol the world.. ,
Savings Bank Dipirlmint,
Deposits of one dollar (fcl.OOj and upwards received and Interest paid at cm-
rent rates,   Depositors are subject to no delay in depositing or withdrawing fundi
LADYSMITH BRANCH   '       ■     • GEO. WiLLUMS, Manager,
THE RldHT PLACE
D. J. MATHESON,
riERCHANT TAYLOR
lat Ave. Ladysmith
FIREWOOD.
Shingle spalts, good cedar wood,
$2 a load, (cord, more oi less), delivered.  Leave orders at office ot
LADYSMITH LUMBFR CO.
Our Annual Stocktaking being now
completed, we Must get rid of many armies QUICKLY. These will be offered at Greatly Reduced Prices in or_
der to make room for our New FALL
kOODS consisting of Dress Goods.
Gents' Furnishings, Woolen Underwear x
Whitewear, Hats, Caps, Rubbers Boots^
and Shoes, etc., etc., which have, been
arriving daily.
Simon Leiser&
Company, Ltd.
OATACRESTREET
LADYSMITH a
oeoetttxxx
Trunks
Valises, Telescope drips, Deess
Suit Cases.   All Leather Goods.
20
Per Cent Lower'than
—Elswhere-r-
20
Enterprise Harness Stare,
C. R, BRYANT,    Proprietor
Victoria Cresceut, Nanaimo. '
PAINLESS   DENTISTRY
Dentistry in all its branches hb fine rb
«an be done lirthe world, and ptaolutely
free Irom the SLIGHTEST PAIN. Ex-
tract.ng, fliltafr,. fitting <>( tirowne and
bridges wit hunt pain or discomfort.
Examine work done At the West Dental Parloraand compare with any 'urn
have ever teen and fhtn judge tor jour
Self.
Painless, Artistic and Reliable.
ARE TUB WATCHWnnnfl "F "IIR OFK1CB.
Consultation aud your teeth cleaned lrRI\E
Pull set, $7,50; silver fillings, %i up; gold fillllu;
$3 up; gold crowns, $5 up!' Iti fact, alt operutioiir-
is reasonable aft our watchwords can wake them.
Will be in ladysmith, Friday, Aug.mtb
. and same date of each succeeding
mouth, and remain 3 days only....
home oekice:
The West Dental Parlors,
THB IMPERIAL BANK CUMBERS,
Corner   Yatea   and    Oovarnment    Streets.
1 Office hours, 8 a. tn. to 6 u. in.; evenings, from 7 10 8.30.   Offline in P. O.
Knight'a Book Store ia the. niece to
get stationery, etc.
Excellent toda water from the new
fountain at Jeaiop't Drag Store,
Get your school booke tl Knight'a
Bwk Store, "in
SEE!
Harry Kay
for artistic Painting and Paperhang-
Ing. Picture Framing.
FIRST AVENUE, Ladysmith.
Now il yonr time to get your winter
upply of wood, we will deliver you four-
not dry wood, whjch ia, eqoal to three
•icki ol 16 Inch wood, lor (2.50
'"' , J.M.LKIGH,
Take a Trip East
OVER THE
Canadian Pacific
AND GET
YOUR MONEY.'S WORTH.
REDUCEDRATES
Tickets on Sale   October 3rd, 4th,
and 5th.
2 TRAINS DAILY.
FINE ACCOMMODATION.
B. C. COAST SERVICE
SS. Princess Victoria sails daily
at 7 p.m. (or Seattle, and at 7.30
a.m. for Vancouver.
Steamers for Skagway, West Coast
aud Northern B. C. ports.
NCRniERN   PACIFIC   RY. CO.
Corner Government and Yates streets
Victoria, B. C.
THREE
8-TRANSCONTINENTAL-3
TRAINS DAILY.
If You Are Going to the
ST.   LOUIS   EXPOSITION,
Take the   NORTHERN   PACIFIC
RY., either via St. Paul or Billings.
New Tourist Cars on all trains.
Fine connections made from Victoria
by night ot morning boats.   Only
line having through service to St.
Louts without change of cars. Tickets on salo October 8, 4 and 5.
Fare to St. Louis and return,
$67.50, good fox. three months, returning any line; also cheap round
trip rates to all points East, on account of the Fair. Parties going via
St. Paul-to St. Louis or Eastern
points should not miss a trip on the
famous "North Coast Limited."
Steamship tickets on sale to all
European points. Very low rates
now in effect. They will not la-=t.
Cabin accommodation reserved by
wire.
For further   information   call or
phone (No. 456) to tbe office.
A. D. CHARLTON,     C. E. LANG,
A.G.P.A.N.P.R.,      Gen'l Agt.,
Portland, Or.       Victoria, B.C.
BOOTS AND SHOES AT RIGHT
PRICES.
Repairing and making to order  a
speciality.
THOriAS MCEWAN
1st Avenue,  Ladysmith, B.- C.
• t+ttt++»++-m+»»++»>'H"»+++ »♦♦♦+»++♦♦♦ ♦ ♦MM*♦♦+♦»■»♦■>
:■ v V. v '.'■■}
: KOOCK& VULCAN SHELLS * X
I A^e the BEST.   We have them. ♦
► 1 • .
f BROWNING AUTOMATIC SHOT GUN
I      ,        Is a  PEACH.     We  have it.
f :.'■,■■'.
\ SAVAGE   A  WINCHESTER   RIFLES
I EVERYBODY knows them. We have them
E. ROLSTON
prices arb I flHvemith     satisfachon 1
uauysiiiuii     guaranteed I
r   RIGHT

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