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Ladysmith Daily Ledger Oct 5, 1904

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Array Ladyshith Daily Ledger
PUBLISHED llN THE LEADER OFFICE
VOL. 2, NO   15.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 5, 1904.
PRICE FIVE CENTS
ELECTOR
Rev. Dr.   Chown Speaks   i
Methodist Church on Pokv
tics in Dominion
Every Man Who Has a  Vote
Must Use it as a Sacred
Trust
RELIGIOUS RIOT
IN LIVERPOOL
=p
Morality at the ballot box was the
substance ol the lesson Rev.     Dr.
Ohown strove to teachjn his lecture
last night     in the Methodist church
on "Politics in Canada."  Dr. drawn
is secretary ol the prohibition    and
moral reform department of      the
Methodist     church   in Canada, his
work including, besides the Dominion, Newfoundland and as far south
as the Bermudas.   He is a nian    of
fine .   presence,    good    delivery and
speaks   in     an easy   conversational
style, marshalling his facts logically,
Willi here and there an amusing an
ecclote     tn    Illustrate   some point
Above all he is moderate intone and
strictly impartial in his treatment
of political parties, so that the listener   cannot     It'll from his lecture
whether he is Liberal or Conservative.        What be strove to impress
last night was that it is only by tbe
force of public conscience that politics   can  he made pure, and in placing his ballot in the box,  tbe elector
must     feel  tbe great responsibility
cast upon him of selecting the    besl
men to govern the country, not to he
guided by party affiliation at the expense ol right.   He believed that the
public men generally ol Canada    desired polities to he on a higher planc\j
and placet] the responsibility      for
ninth- of the wrong doing on the unscrupulous elector who demanded   a
bribe and     the tremendous pressure
brought to bear on members ol parliament     or a  legislative by  those
seeking some advantage to the barm
of the country at large.   The public
conscience in Canada was not     so
awake     in regard to political purity
as in the Old Country.   Here people
conducted questionable ways in politics and were otherwise respectable
descended    to     methods in elections
that in private life they would   nut
tolerate,    For   instance, he recalled
tlie case of a medical man who   had
been expelled from ft rifle association
in Canada for bribing a marker; tint
a politician  brought before a church
court   for   bribery at election time
was excused on the ground that    he
acted dining a:period ,ot intense excitement.     In England recently     a
prominent solicitor had been sentenced   to   the   penitentiary. lor seven
years for corrupt practices at elections; hut he ventured to say that as
juries   were    constituted    today it
•would have been  impossible to. convict such a man in Canada if it were
known     beforehand    that   his guilt
would mean a similar term of    imprisonment.      Dr,    Chown explained
some of the corrupt practices in elections and urged that the people ol
the    churches had no right to allow
undesirable men to be elected,    tor
want of interest by the better class
of tbe people.    Tbe ballot was   one
ot    tbe most sacred things in lite,
ami should lie exercised with a lull
sense of the responsibility it bore.
From here Dr. Chown goes to Victoria and will visit Portland , afterwards going .through the lower portion tj£lhe Province, then on toCal
gafy anil Edmonton anil other portions of the Northwest, getting back
tq, Ontario in November.
Anti/Ritualistic Crowd Shout Insults at Venerable Archbishop of York and
the Clergy
Hissing and Yelling at Procession of Civic
and Church Dignitaries Through
the Streets
(Associated Press Despatches.)
OYAMA'S MOVEMENTS
PUZZLE RUSSIANS
In Case of Surprise Continue Preparations
to Retreat From Muken on
Short Notice
Still Hoping That Port Arthur May Gon
tinue to Hold Out and Embarras
the Japanese
London, Oct.   5. — Extraordinary  phlcts.
scenes  were  witnessed  at  Liverpool j   As tlie procession, headed by   tbe
in connection with tbe annual Church 'civic regalia,  Irom tbe Corporation,
ot England Congress now proceeding followed by the Ills-hops .and Clergy, to size up the
there.    The Lortl Mayor held a   re-  in their robes   on foot,    nearcd the  i[ Field Marshal Oyama makes
ception at Town   Hall, which    was cathedral    and  demonstrators  began 'anticipated advance.    They seem
attended by all the leading bishops i to shout, "Down wilh Popery," "Oh1 agree that a strong screening move-
and clergy ot the United  Kingdom. ; for    another    Luther."      When the ment js ;„ progress immediately cast
(Associated Press Despatches.)
St. Petersburg, Oct. 5.—The mill-, these ridges and arc erecting forbifi-
tary critics at St. Petersburg share
in the general uncertainly as to bow
situation at the tront I
cations. The Vi-llu river which is
shallow and fordable runs through
the town.
his I   '',''e K"ss',l"s    "-'v reported to be
.    fortifying   the   right bank of    this
Tonight Vancouver Conservatives Hold Convention—Fri'
day Both Parties Meet
Mr. Smith   Passed Through
Town Today. Executive Assemble This Evening
Then the procession formed up
marched to tlie cathedral, Large
crowds gathered in the streets lo
whom several leading churchmen, including the followers of the late
John Kensit's son and the Wyclitjo
preachers, aa organization loAiiidcd
by the late Mr. Kens-it, had previously  distributed anti-ritualistic   pani-
and j Venerable   Archbishop of York    ap-
-poared, bis silver cross of office hold.
up before him, the crowd hooled and
shrieked, "Traitors," "It is popery in the streets," "Send them all
to Koine." Amongst the storm of
hissing ami shouting tbe archbishop
passed into the cathedral unmoved
by the uproar.
Public Works, Ottawa, and reads as
follows:
Ciltice of the Minister of Public
Works of Canada, Ottawa, September 2.1th, 1IIIII.
Sir:—
I have the honor to acknowledge
yours ot the 15th September enclosing copy of letter forwarded to the.
Honourable, the Minister of MarilH
and fisheries. I have only to add
that upon the representations af Mr.
Ralph Smith, M.P., and the Honourable Minister of Marine ami Fisheries, to whose attention the matter
was drawn when recently in the
West,  the attealion of this dcparl-
a great lumbering enrepot. "But:,"
said he, "it is a mailer of business,
aud 1 am here to buy your timber because it can he purchased with advantage 'lor our purposes notwithstanding llie duty and the long railway haul."
The lumber sought by the Saginaw
Company is of a sort which, owing
lo continued exploitation of the forest resources, is'praclically unodltaiu-
ahle elsewhere. It is, as Mr. Gilbert
explained, of that class ol spruce
which is at present consigned to .the
flames in this province as refuse, tor
which uo .market lias hitherto been
obtainable.   Our manufactures,   said
ment was called to the necessity   of be, are made almost exclusively from
a public wharf at Ladysmith,    and tin's sort of wood, and wc have     a
immediate action was  taken,  and  1 capacity lor     ten or twelve million
have instructed that no time shall be feet per yeiir.
lust In the Immediate prosecution of
the work.
YTiiirs very Truly,
(Signed) L„ S. I-IYMAN,
Acting Minister.
Robt. Allan, Esq.,
Secretary Ladysmith Board ol Trade
Ladysmith, B. C.
—; o ;	
Lieutenant Bazaine, son of the late,
Marshal Bazaine of France, who is
now in Mexico, announces that he
will soon    publish    the memoirs ol
r-'iflccn oi sixteen years ago, said
he, the timber supplies of Michigan
were considered practically inexluuis-
lahle. Today there is scarcely any
spruce in the coiintry. In the call.,
days wc were even more extravagant
in our ways of manufacture than
your mill men arc today. A whole
lot of stull, for which no use chance,
lo he in immediate sight, went into
the refuse pile, and the result was
that our period of supply was lessen
cd just in proportion to our nasto-
 =_^_n_^—,      tulncss.   Thai is why we nre let'e 10-
Marshal Bazaine.    These, it is said, day to buy timber.
Mr- Gilbert explained  that     Ihis
will throw important light upon historical events ot his time and will
also clear the cloud hanging over
the name ol the marshal.
AN OFFICIAL
CONFIRMATION
Acting   Minister   of   Public
Works to Have Wharf Con^
structed Without Delay
NEW APPOINTMENT.
St. Petersburg, Oct. J.—An imperial decree daled Sept. 28th, which
has just appeared in the - official Messenger authorizing Privy Councillor
Morozoff to sign documents for Princ
Peter Sviatopok Mirrky until the appointment ot a chief under secretary
of the interior calls forth much surprise and the departure of M. Duril'l-
vo, until recently acting minister of
the Interior and head of the department of t-it-graphs has not yet been
unite unkntlwn outside of the ininis-
formally announced. M. Morozolf is
try where he Is a member of the advisory board.
PAYNE'S SUCCESSOR.
Washington, D. C., Oct. 5.-Owing
to the death last night ot Postmaster General Henry C. Payne, President Roosevelt today formally designated Robert G. Wynne, as acting postmaster general.
While already the assurances
has been given that the Dominion Government intends tn
erect the public wharf here will out
delay, additional confirmation, if Mich
were needed, I:; contained in a letter
just received by Mr- llobt. Allan,
secretary ol the Ladysmith Board ot castle'
Trade, from the acting minister   ot
MARKET FOR
WASTE LUMBER
Mr. H. J. Gilbert, President and
manager of the Saginaw Manufacturing Company, of Saginaw, Michigan,'
is visiting British Columbia for the
purpose of buying timber. In an interview with the Vancouver News
Advertiser Mr. Gilbert confessed
that It might strike the ordinary
mind like "carrying coals to Ncw-
to transport timber to  such
rough lumen-, or retuse as It has
been considered here, is used in I e
manufacture of a variety of woodeu-
warc, such as washboar-ls, etc , and
contracts for supplies of this maicr-
ial have already been made in Vancouver. This, it was gatlicrc-i, wll
open up a market which lai • .tlitrto
been unavailable, for ninth ol Ihe
tough lumber now used merc'y lo
feed the mill lion-fires, il has been
one of llie complaints among coast
mill men, Mr. Gilbert savs. Hat
they could not profitably gel lid t,t
Ibis product.
Incidently, in speaking of the lumber Industry, Mr. Gilbert predicted
an early movement in the direction
of developing the pulp industry and
other manufacturing enterprises on
this coast, which are dependent upon
the smaller class of timber. '1 f.n
convinced," said he, "that there are
great opportunities here only waiting for somebody to grasp them, in
the way ol good maniiiactiiros. In
this connection lie commented 'he
fact that Japan and China are le'iry
receiving their pulp supplies; Irom
Eastern factories, which have a
freightage In pay of $18 per ton to
ship their goods across the continent. Why not cut your good stitft
into lumber and convert your smaller trees into pulp and other industrial commodities?"
Zt'phaniah Hopper, A. M., Ph. I).,
professor of mathematics in tlie Central high school of Philadelphia, has
completed a half eentury as a member of the faculty of that institution, lie was horn in Philadelphia
80 years ago and (12 years fciasjtaught
continuously in the poblic schools.
Upon two occasions he received official thanks from the'board ol education for distinguished services.
of Liao Yang, that probably a teint
will be made from the west, that the
tactics of the Japanese at Liao Yang
will be repeated and that
Kuroki will try a wide flanking
movement from the casl. Some ol
the critics point out that the conditions at present may force a
change of Oyama's plan of campaign.
The continued failure of the attack on the Port Arthur fortress
and the enormous losses sustained by
the besiegers they think may compel Oyama to dispatch some veteran
troops from the Manchurian army to
Gen. Nodzu's support, as the rcin-
torcements arriving at present are
mostly reserve men. Unstinted
praise is bestowed on Lieut. Gen.
Stoesscl for the heroic defense made
by the garrison, Which naturally is
increasing the hope that the fortress may hold out.
In the meantime Gen. Kurnpatkiu
is receiving reinforcements, especially artillery. All the experts express
great doubt whether Kuropatkin contemplates more than a passable resistance at Mukden, where they say
the topographical conditions are unfavorable for defense. It is considered significant that the critics generally agree that Tic Pass is a better position for defense arid offense,
bcalig protected by the Liao River
on the west, and offering strong positions on the Kama Range oa the
east. The general conclusion is that
the Japanese lorces will show their
hands in a very short time. Evidence is accumulating that the Japanese officers are at the head ol
bands of Chinese bandits operating
on Kuropnlkin's right flank, and the
reports ot agitation among the Chinese, spread by the anti-foreign propaganda are increasing tlie feeling
of anxiety. These factors will soon
have to lie severely reckoned with by
Russia.
SCENE OF NEXT BATTLE.
Tokio, Oct. 5.-(6 p.m.)—It Is evident that the country which Is embraced Ijy an irregular triangle, the
apex ot which is Tie Pass, with the
base running from Mukden to Fusan
on the upper reaches ol the Hun river will soon be the theatre ol extended and extensive military operations. The Russians apparently
arc using Tie Pass as their main
base, and arc constructing a scries
of defences to shield it Irom the
south and east. Two roadways approach Tic Pass. One of these roadways is the main highway from Mukden and the other, which is smaller,
starts at Fusan and winds through a
billy country. Fifteen miles north
ol Mukden is the town of Yl-Ilu, the
southern and eastern approaches
which arc sheltered by sharp ridges,
offering a strong natural protection,
-snjj atfi qittft ajai( pa^joda.1 si u
sians    are    strongly entrenched  in j
river between Y'i-Ilu and Tahitun, 15
miles to .the northward. Several
lines ot, ridges cross the road, and
it is said that the Russians are erecting works on many of these emin-
r, ....   i cbces between Tahitun atid Tie Pass.
General     „ . ...
I'or some seven miles tbe country.
generally speaking, is fiat, although
commanding the roadway Irom the
east is a hill a thousand metres in
height which the Russians are fortifying, flanks the pass on the eastward. The Russians are holding
Fustian Willi .-Vheavy force aud it is
believed that they are erecting works
along the road from that place to
Tie Pass.
The defense work of the Russians
and the disposition of their forces
strengthens the belief that General
Kuropatkin intends to retreat before
Field Marshal Oyama in his crossing
of the Hun River and to give battle
on the ground which he is now hurriedly fortifying.
Poisset Bay, Russian Manchuria,'
Oct. 5.—The Japanese Minister ' at
Seoul has demanded that every town
in Korea furnish a contingent of 40
lo till men for the army now being
organized, hut the Emperor of Korea
refuses to do so. The Japanese,
none the less, continue to recruit
Koreans, under tlie pretense ol employing them as coolies. It is reported thai (hey recruited fitlO men,
at Ping Yang, dressed them in uniforms and sent llicin to Manchuria,
mil placed them in the front line,
fastened to posts, until nearly all
ot I hem were killed. The Russians
found only one man alive.
CONGRATULATIONS.
St. Petersburg, Oct. S.-The Municipalities of Moscow and Odessa,
have both sent addresses to Prince
Servnitopolk Mirsky, the n(5w mill
ister of the interior, congratulating
liim on tlie sentiments expressed
his recent utterances and tendering
him their hearty co-operation.
WAR PLATES FOR JAPAN.
Minneapolis, .Minn., Oct. 5.—Fifty
cars of heavy steel plates intended
for the Japanese government are
now being transhipped here. They
are from the Carnegie Company at
Pittsburg, and are consigned to the
company's agents in Japan. The
plates vary in thickness Irom half
an inch to an inch aud a quarter
and are of the kind ordinarily used'
in tlie construction of cruisers ami
torpedo boats. .It is said that the
plates are Intended for torpedo boat
< (instruction.
ASK FOR PEACE,
Boston, Oct. 5.—The international
Peace congress has adopted resolutions calling up ou Russia aud Japan lo end Ihc present war and upon
the signatory powers of the Hague
convention to press upon tbe governments of Russia and Japan the Importance ol putting aa end to the
te.
While no public meetings have yet
been arranged for Ladysmith there
is a great deal of quiet work being
done and the politicians are by no
means idle.
To-day Mr. Ralph Smith, M. P.,
passed through on his way to Duncans and the lower part ot the district. He reports all going favorably for his cause in Nanaimo and
from reports from other parts.
This evening the Liberal Associa-
lioa Executive meets in the committee rooms, (the -old Hartley
store) at eight o'clock and a full
turnout is requested.
Tlie Conservatives of Vancouver
will meet this evening to select a
candidate to oppose Mr. Maepherson
the present member. The Vancouver Province states that either Mr.
Geo. H. Cow-an or Mr. J. R. Seymour will he the choice of  the party
Both Liberal and Conservative
conventions meet in Victoria on
Friday evening. Mr. George Riley
is spoken of as the likely choice of
tlie Liberals.
Mayor Timanus, of Baltimore, has
small patience with superstition and
is making that fact evident. The
houses of the city arc all to lie
renumbered as one result ot the
great fire. In many of the streets,
the number 13 does not appear, 12J
licing instituted. The Mayor does
not intend that this slate of things
shall be allowed. No half numbers
are to be used and all houses must
be marked in regular order.
o	
RAILWAY WRECK.
Washington, D. C, Oct. 5.—A passenger train on the Augusta Southern Railway ran into a burning trestle near Mitchell, Ga., today. W.
Shurley, baggageman, was killed,
and 8 others injured.
FIRE ENQUIRY
ON SATURDAY
The lire which happened a couple
of weeks ago in tlio houscof P.
Zinkovitch, on High Street, is to
he investigated. Tbe city's legal
adviser, Mr. F. McB. Y'oting, was in
town to-day and as a result the inquiry was fixed to take place before
Mr. Thompson on Saturday at 2
o'clock. This was the case mentioned by Mayor Coburn at the last
Council meeting, as needing an inoui-
SHY OF BACHELORS.
Over in Dtiuellen, N. J., a village
statistician discovered that that
place contained more bachelor girts
to its size than any .other village in
the state. It has a population of
1,5110, and the statistician says he
can name off-hand 47 single women
of marriageable age who possess desirable qualifications.
In support of this statement, the
man ol figures cites the marriage
records of the borough, which show
that only one marriage has taken
place this summer. In that instance
the young woman chose a man from
out of town for her husband. Another young woman journeyed 10,000
miles to South Africa to wed her
sweetheart. It is also pointed out
that this is leap year. Sad to relate, the young women admit the
impeachment.
"It is all true," said the presiding
genius in a village store a fair miss
ol 21 summers. "We girls are alarm
ed over the scarcity of -.erlly nice,
marriageable young men here. There
are some good ones, out tgC7 spend
their time and money on mil o'
town girls."
Another girl declaeed she would
marry the first fellow who came
along. "If a fellow, asked' me this
minute I would accept and tell him
to send for a minister without delay," she said.
One young woman said the girls
had done all in their power to make
social life attractive.
"Why, we spend money out of our
own pockets last January and gave
a leap year dance in the hope Ihe
young men would reciprocate," she
said. "But there's nothing doing
yet," she added sadly.
JAPANESE LOSSES.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 5.-Lt. Gen.
Stocssel says the Japanese losses
were ten thousand during the attack on Port Arthur from .September lllth to September 22nd. He reports that no incident occurred Irom
September 23rd to September 30th,
excepting outpost -skirmishes.
TROOPS CUT
TO PIECES
Natives   Surprise    Portugese
Force in West Africa and
Kill Half of Them
Lisbon, Oct. 5.—The Minister ot
Marine announced in the Chamber
to-day that a detachment ol Portugese troops belonging to a column
operating in Portugese West Africa
against the Cuanhamas, was stir-
prised by the tribesmen while crossing the Cuhane River. The detachment    wh.ch   numbered 489 officers
ry owing    to certain circumstances and men lost 254 killed Including, 18
surrounding the tire, . officers and 50 men woundeds    , , „ LADYSMITH  LEDGER
LADYSMITH LEDGER
Published every day except Sunday at The Ledger Building, corner
of First Avenue and French street,
Ladysmith, British Columbia, by the
Ladysmith Publishing Company.
SUBSCRIPTION)   RATES.
By   mall in   Canada and United
States.
One year (in advance)  $3.00
Six months (in advance)     1.50
Delivered in the city (per month) .50
ADVERTISING RATES.
Transient—Including (business notices, calls tor lenders, applications
for and transfer ot licenses, le
notices, etc., 10c a line first insertion; 6c. a line each subsequent insertion; 12 lines measure to the
Inch.
COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING,
Rates on application. Cuts tor
regular use should be all metal.
Advertisements not inserted tor a
specified time will be charged tor until paid and ordered to he discontinued.
All changes of advertisements must
be received at this office on the
morning ot the day of issue.
Subscribers not receiving paper
regularly please report to this office
All job work must be paid for on
delivery.
Transient advertisements must be
paid in advance.
VOTER'S RESPONSIBILITIES.
The lecture by Rev. Dr. Chown
last night on "Polilies in Canada,"
touched on a point that loo often is
lost sight of. Men allow the selection ot candidates to be made by a
comparatively tew of the electorate,
instead ot attending the conventions
and doing their best lo get the most
desirable men nominated. Some men
express themselves as altogether loo
high-minded and good to bother with
polities; then proceed to grumble at
the way things are run and decry
the parties loudly. There is no
man too good to bear bis part in
the government ol the country, it is
his duty to do so as well as a privilege. If there is wrong doing or corruption in polities, it is because of
listlessness; because men, instead of
striving to right a wrong and bearing their part in flic fight, sit down
and growl at the way things are carried on and sometimes do not even
bother to cast a vote. II every respectable man in the country look
the trouble to interest himself in the
elections, there would soon be tar
less reason to complain of in the
methods used and gradually the
whole tone of our political contests
would rise. That is the only means
by which a remedy can be effected.
The people are at heart lions,'; and
sometime the result will be attained
cd.
FALSE PRESERVERS.
A strange fraud in the material
used for life preservers has just
been unearthed in the United States
and in consequence several officers ot
a company which manufacturers cork
have been indicted by the department
of justice. The discovery arose
through a certain company ordering
a quantity of cork blocks which they
intended manufacturing into life preservers. On receipt of Hie blocks,
they proved too light to comply with
the requirements of Hie law and the
cork company were notified. They
promised to rectify tlie. matter and
sent on some blocks that were so
much heavier that suspicion was
aroused, the blocks were broken open
and each was found to contain an
iron weight, In other words, the
cork company were sending out material that would have been utterly
useless tor the purpose intended and
il the fraud had not been discovered,
the life preserver company might
innocently have - turned out a lot ot
goods that in time ot ncctl would
have proved as useless as the preservers were shown to lie at the
burning of the steamer General Slo-
cttm oft New York some months ago.
That men should deliberately, for the
sake of illegal gain, trifle with human lives is something horrible to
contemplate. Had tlie preservers
been made and sonic dreadful loss
of life occurred at sea, because ol
their Worthlessncss, the makers ol
"preservers" and not the cork men,
would likely have been blamed tor
a wholesale murder. It is to be
hoped that, if found guilty, the men
now accused of the fraud may bo'
punished with the utmost   severity.
EASTKOOTENAY
OIL FIELDS
Old Hands Say They are Most
Flattering Prospects in the
World
John P. Bluff, one of the earliest
prospectors for oil in East Kootcnay
B. C, and II. Thompson, ol California, an oil expert, have returned
from a trip to thoso oil fields, says
the Spokane "Spokesman-Review."
"We left the railroad at Belton,
35 miles east ot Kalispcll, Mont.,
where we took our guide, Thomas
Jefferson, an old trapper, who discovered the oil seepages 14 years
ago while trapping beaver. Wc went
to Upper Kintla Lake, thence to
Upper Kintla Creek, which lies between four different oil seepages
along the boundary line, which
slashed down 20 feet wide ou the
40th parallel.
At the Kintla Creek seepages we
collected oil, peat, muck saturated
Willi oil, bituminous matter ami
rock saturated with oil. At tho
seepage Hie water was covered with
oil. the strong odor ol kerosene prevailing. Cn stirring the bottom ot
the springs more oil arose to tho
surface.
We visited the Butte Oil Company's drilling rig at Lower Kintla
Lake, about hall a mile from tbe
seepage. The well is filled with
water to within a few leet of the
top of the casing and is in constant
ebu.lilion from marsh gas.
Round the seepages wc found abund
ant and large deposits of asphalt
and bitumen. Ignition of the escaping gas from the well seat forth a
flame ten feet high Irom the mouth
ot the casing, and this well has not
gained sufficient depth to reveal the
immense subterranean oil lakes.
We visited Kisbenanah Creek,
where there is another abundant oil
seepage. Then we went to the head
ot Starvation Creek and crossed
over to Sage (or Oil Creek), which
(lows into the Flathead on the United Slates sitle.
We met prospectors ior oil on their
way to the same seepages, all pushing forward to establish locations
that evening.
The old trapper, guide anil discoverer of these wonderful seepages
took us to the edge of the south
hank of the creek. Within 300 feet
of the creek penetrating and strong
odors of refined kerosene prevailed,
and on the opposite hank, in pockets
and fissures in a reef of blue shale,
wc found gas and oil bubbling, anil
oil collecting in pockets on the surface.
The gas ignited and the oil collected on the water was white, with
slight fluorescence, not unlike refined kerosene.
It certainly occurs that this see'
page is a most wonderful oil kerosene spring in the world, being the
lightest over known ot crude oil. An
analysis contains 80 per cent, illum-
inant.
The next day our guide brought us
to a seepage on Sage (Oil Creek),
about a mile east ot the first seepage. The oil seeped from the
ground in many places, sand and
gravel being simply loaded with oil:
and 50 feet farther up the creek wc
tound our four holes in the rock containing oil, one of which had an
overflow of yellow oil. All the stratified rock was saturated with oil,
and dipping out the oil did not diminish the How, it coming in as last
as it was taken up.
At the big seepage north-west ol
Sage or Oil Creek Valley we found
oil issuing from the banks ol drift,
which was thoroughly saturated with
oil. There were several pot holes
in this drill, most ot which contain,
cd water covered with oil, and coolant cbiililion ot gas.
Wc discovered a large, strong sulphur spring about 20 feet distant,
gushing trom a hole in the drift,
which flows by the oil seepage down
lo a small lake between the mountain and Sage Cscek. The lake is
covered Willi oil, anil all the boggy
places smell strongly of petroleum.
Our sample of a gallon of oil at this
point was a light brown color.
Our ls.sl visit was to the Kintla
Lake Oil Company's drilling rig on
the Flathead River.   We have    seen
nearly all the oil fields ot the West-,
have experted the oil fields of California and  made exhaustive analysis -
of their products, and for surface in-'
ilications    Hie    East Kootenay     oil
fields show by tar the most Halter-'
ing prospects   ot an extensive     oil
country wailing lor development that
is now open to the world."
The Ladysmith
Opera House
Can be secured for Theatrical
purposes, Dancing parties or Entertainments generally.
D. NICHOLSON, Prop.
F. McB. YOUNG,
BARRISTER and
SOLICITOR. . ..
Nanaimo      - B.C
The City Market
R. Williamson, Prop,,
1st Ave,     Ladysmith
The Variety Store
is tAvenue.
It will pay you to go (hern for Household goods, or most anything. Also get
your Sewing Machine ropairud. Oil am)
needles for miichiuep.
T. W. Fletcher.
FARMERS'   MEAT  MARKET
On ist Avenue
Qeo. Roberts  . - . Proprietor
PAINTING,   PAPER   HANGINO,
ETC.
Work done properly and at right
prices. Shop and residence in rear
of Ladysmith Hotel.
J. E. SMITH, Prop.
Best acointnodation   tor transient and
permanent boarders and lodgers
GRAND HOTEL
This new hotel has been comfortably
furnished and the  bar  is up-to-dtte.
Bates (1 00 and upward.
Wm. Bbvebidok, Prop.
K'plauaile Ladysmith
THE FRANK HOTEL
Esplanade, Ladysmith
Board by the week or month at reaeon-
■ W« rales.   The leading bar in the eity,
Victoria Phoenix beer,
FRANK BABY, Prop.
HOTEL DOMINION
—Rates (1.25 aril (1.50—
free bus to all steamboat landings and
mil way .depots.   Electric ears every five
minutes to all parlB ol tho oily.   Bar
mid table unexcelled.
F. BAYNK8, Proprietor,
ABBOTT ST.,   VANCOUVER, B.C.
NEW WESTERN
HOTEL
A good Boarding House and Hotel
where there are good tables and
beds.
MRS. MARY DAVIS, Prop.
HOTEL
LADYSMITH
HATES-n.OO     per    day.     Finest
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
First Avenue, Ladysmith, B. C.
D. C. WHITE,   Prop.
KING'S HOTEL
Fourth Avenue.
Board by the day, week, or month
at right prices.    Bar well supplied.
JOSEPH AND TASSIN.
How Many People In Ladysmith?
A canvass of tlie city is being made for subscribers to
the Daily Ledger. It has been suggested by some of the
business men that it would be of interest and value to the
co:.;i! unity to know how many people live in Ladysmith
an i i . .ir liate vicinity, 'this means all of the actual residents within half a mile of the postoffice in Ladysmith, exclusive of Chinese.
Each subscriber to the Daily Ledger will be' handed a
card and asked to write down a guess of the number of
people our census, which will be taken with reasonable accuracy will show.
Envelopes will be given with the card. Write down your
guess, sign your name, put the card in the envelope and seal
it up; either hand it to the canvasser or leave it at the
Ledger office. All guesses must be in during October; none
will be counted after that date.
The census will be computed by the 15th of November.
Tl;e envelopes will then be opened and the following prizes
given:
1. To the person who guesses nearest to the exact number of people living within one-half mile of the postoffice
(exclusive of Chinese) $20.00 in gold.
2. The person coming second nearest, $ 10.00 in gold.
3. The person coming third nearest, #5.00 in gold.
If-two or more persons tie for any place the money will
be divided.
This contest will be absolutely fair. No person in any
way connected with the canvass will either give out any information or be allowed to compete.
THE DAILY LEDGER CO.
SGRMNITE-
WARE
HND
TINWKRG
OEOROE YUEN
Merchant Taylor
All kinds of clothing cleaned and
repaired.
$
*
if
\fc
iff
it/
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SEE OUR WINDOWS
Esquimau &  Nanaimo  Railway
Time Table No. 60.
Effective April 14, 1904.
Trains leave Ladysmith, Southbound daily at 9:10 a. in., and on Saturdays
Sundays and Wednesdays at 5:06 p. m.
Tralna leave Ladysmith, Northbound, at 11:57 a. m. and on Saturdays Sundays and Wednesdays at 6:45 p. m.
Eicureion tickets on sale Irom and to all stations, good tor going journey
Saturday and Sunday, returning not later than Monday.
QEORUE L. COURTNEY,
Traffic Manager.
Coal! _^_ Coal!
Wellington Colliery
Company, Ltd.
Wellington Coal   Best household coal on the Pacific
Coast
Comox Coal—Best steam coal on the Pacific Coast
Alexandria Coal—First-class gas, steam and household coal
The above coals are mined only by the Wellington Colliery Company. Wharves at Ladysmith,
Oyster Harbour, and Union Bay, Baynes Sound.
Head Office Victoria, B. C
Ban  Francisco Agency,
R. Dunsmuir's Sons Co'y
340 Steuart St.
♦-»»+♦♦♦♦♦ ♦»++♦♦+♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦++ »■»♦♦■»-»♦+>♦-»*->-> ♦>♦♦«■■»■»■■»-»■»♦■»
The Salmond Estate is now on
the market
J. STEWART, Agent.
Real Estate, Conveyancing; Loans, etc.     NOTARY PUBLIC.
Fire, Life and Aooident Insuranoe
Agent for the U.S. Fidelity and Guaranty Co., Baltimore
♦♦HK«WttMtt»mtttHt»*W4-»»HHn«tw»m»»»
\
THE TYEE COPPER CO., Ltd.
PURCHASERS AND SMELTERS OP COPPER, OOLD AND
SILVER ORES.
Smelting Works at
LADYSMITH, B. C.
Convenient to E. & N. Ry. or the Sea
I
I
$
I .___       	
I CLERMONT LIVINGSTON, THOS. KIDDIE.       1
| General Manager, Smelter Manager. |
RATES f J.iio PER DAY
SAMPLE ROOMS
BAR SUPPl.IKD WITH BEST
WINDS, UQUORS, CIOARS
ABB0TSF0RD HOTEL
Beet accomodation in town.  Splendid hunting and fishing In near vicinity.
A. J. McMURTRIB, Proprietor LADYSMITH, B. C.
j Happy Home "otel
J. Dyer, Proprietor.
Having taken over this hotel, alter having it all papered anil paint-
i ed and papered and improved throughout,we are in a position to offer the
: nest accommodation both for regular and transient, boarbers. Bar sup-
I plied with the best wines, liquors and cigars. Dining room under the
! mansgement of Mrs. Dejer will he found nrst-clasa.
ISLAND   HOME  HOTEL
BATES & KNIUHT, Proprietors,
First Avenue, - Ladysmith
Beet supplied bar in Ladysmith. Fineat accommodation for transient gneetsee
well as for regular hoarders. Completely refitted and furnished, liming room
and housekeeping in charge of Hre. Tate.
CARLISLE    BLOCK
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1M. .R SIMPSON
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NOTICE.
The undersigned firm has opened a manufactory and are now making the celebrated Empire Cigar.  Stock will be ready for the market abont 0,is. 10th.
THE EMPIRE ClQAR CO.
Solicitor, Eto.
Money to Loan
1st Avenue   - -  ■   LADYSMlfh
Dr- W. J. Quinlan,
DENTIST
Bleveni Block, Ladysmith, B. O.
Dentistry In all its branches; every new
appliance. LADYSMITH LEDGER
FOOLED IBY
THE FACTOR
The union is spreading writes Cy
Warman—the labor union I mean. It
has broken out lately among the
bush frees on the Upper Athabasca.
At one ol the Hudson's Bay posts:
presided over hy a sturdy Scotch
factor, the labor question has been
fought out, and the Indian's sense of
humor, also his rights to sell his
later and his furs, lound out. and
llxcd.
Whatever ot by-laws and constitution the Ked ]VIen possess, is preserved in the unerring memory of tho
men ol the union. It was all duo
to the eloquence and enterprise ol a
dec prince named Paul Korcuctt.
His elder brother was a chief, but
his seven younger brothers were all
respectable workingmen, voyagers,
hunters, trappers and fur catchers.
The Northern Indian is not lazy. The
father ot Paul was a Hudson's Bay
trapper, "his grandfather too, and
his lather also," as Dr. Druuiniond
would say. For more than a hundred years the Forchctts had rendered allegiance, good service and skins
to the company, But conditions
were changing. Also the Crees were
picking up pointers from Free Traders and travellers, Paul had been
out to Edmonton, had tasted liquid
lightning than can he called across
a polished plank by the music made
in the clatter of coin. He had
learned the magic ol money—scraps
of painted paper hits of silver that
had the purchasing power o! many
skins.    It made Paul restless.
Now, of a truth, It is the easiest
thing on earth to convince a man
Hint lie is getting the .worst of it, is
being bilked ami buncoed, and that
he is, and of a right ought to be
"agin the government." Therefore,
it was easy for the eloquent free
to interest the Indians in their own
affairs.
When he had them well in hand,
;he waited upon the Factor. Paul
was a born spell-hinder, and he knew
tlie value of being backed by ft goodly company of his fellows in full
sympathy.
An educated hallbreed, who was
present on that occasion, says Prince
Paul amazed his bearers, tho old
Scutch Factor and himself. Ill language that (lowed lull and strong
like the Peace river, he told the
story of the Redman, his devotion
to duly,, his loyalty to the company, in great oratorical flights
and bursts of eloquence he roared
like the sault of the Peace, he entranced the trailers anil amazed the
Indians as he portrayed the tragedy
of winter, of the long hunt for food
when the Post was starving, ol the
growing scarcity of furs, and the
ever-increasing difficulty attending
the trapping of the various members
ol the furry family.
When be bad them going he shut
oil' suddenly, lowered his voice took
a side trail and followed up a deep
significant ravine to the Post of a
"Free Trader." His hushed, auditors
leaned forward to catch and weigh
each sentence, each word. For half
un hour the eloquent Crcc followed
this side trail, which they all knew
■ would end at the doot ot the Free
Trader ol the French Company. II
lie fancied his brothers were losing
interest he would swing, half facing
them, and call al teul ion to the scars
upon their foreheads, of a truth
made by the browbunil, hut attributed by the impassioned Prince to
their crown of thorns. And their
bent backs—you know what did
that, he would say to the Factor.
It was carrying the Company's
cross.
Another quarter ol an hour was
given to a recapitulation bringing
him back to the point which could
have been reached and covered by a
Yankee in three wordni, viz.: "There
:are others."'
Another pause, and then with perfect French politeness lie unrolled
his ultimatum which 'had been writ.
ten out in full by an interpreter, and
which is treasured by the old facl0r
as a relic of tlie company's first
strike. The following was For-
.chctt's schedule:—
Old price. New price.
Skins Skins.
Best   Heaver.... 30 80
Otter   '..,  12 20
Lynx  0 12
Fox  .. Bl) 200
The reader should have in mind
that whilo an article to us is worth
many dollars, to the Indian it is so
many skins, anil that a skin always
means 50 cents in Canadian money.
That is the Indian's dollar- a skin
or fiO cents. .-
Very well, said the old Factor after a moment's reflection, aod the
eloquent Cree nodded, which was Indian for bow, and led his band
away.
The hunting was good that winter,
anil Paul, while not hunting himself, was busy figuring with shells
and shining pobblcs, the results of
the harvest   when the catch should
reach the post. To he sure the Indians had to have tea and tobacco,
guns and knives and as there were
no other shops in the wilderness,
were almost obliged to buy them at
the Bay store.
One line May morning the Factor's
bureau ' grew dark 'with Indians.
Bravely in the fore stood Forcbett,
the Eugene Debs of the North, backed by his brotherhood ol brownies.
"What now Prince Paul," asked
the Factor innocently.
'-'My people," said Paul, "coin-
plain that you have raised the price
of goods. My brother tells me
you took twelve skins for these
tweed trousers, for which my father
used to pay eight skins.
"And did your brother forget to
tell you that I allowed him 80 skins
for a line bear, lor which your lather would have hail thirty."
"My uncle says dress goods have
gone up from 4 to (i skins."
"And silver grey lox," said the
factor, "has gone from Oil to 200
skins in a single season."
Paul paused. Then he went on.
"My people contend that you have
no right to change the price of tobacco that never changes."
MSay to your people as you s.iM
to me when last year's leaves' were
dying, 'these are their goods, not
ours.' They have a right to say
what price shall be the price Voi-
lia! "
Suddenly the whole band set up a
great shout, and began filing out the
ol the post, laughing, jesticulating
and saying over anil over again,
"Bien, bicn. Paul is one big fool—
the factor has made of him fun— O,
liien."
And that was the Indian's idea of
a joke.
TORT BLUNDER.
•<m It WlM Thill  Uncle  Sun Hulll
It on OritUh Ball.
Curious indeed la an American tort
which \!kd built on British soil. How
many can guess what fort It Is and
where located? The name Is Fort
Montgomery, and tbe location Is on nn
Island near tbe foot of Lake Cbnmplalu,
•bout half • mile northeast of Rouse's
Point, N. V.
A abort time ago, when traveling In
that part of the country, I saw this fort
tnd asked the uniue of it. "Why, tbut
to Fort Blunder," said my informant.
"Did you never hear of it5" I confessed
Ignorance, and he explained mutters.
It seems that after the war of 1312
the government ot tho United States
became convinced that the entrance to
Lake Oliamplain should be guarded by
• fort strong enough to engage any
British fleet which might attempt to
force an entrance to the lake, uud so
Fort Montgomery was constructed nt
■ cost of nearly $500,000. It was an
Immense fortification for those day*
and was arranged for three tiers oi
guns.
Just about tbe time it wns completed
the joint surveyors fixing the Hue he
tween tbe United States nnd Cnuudit
came along and, after doing a good hit
of figuring, announced that Fort Mont,
gomi'i-y was on Canadian soil. Tbe
northern boundary of New York state
was the forty-fifth parallel, aud this
fart was several hundred yards oyer
the line. Work on the tort cituie to an
Immediate standstill, and the mutter
was made the subject of a special
treaty.
It was decided tbat in view of the
fact that the United States bad not intentionally encroached on Cnnndlan soil
tbe forty-fifth parallel should be bent n
little out of Its course at this point so
as to Include the fort. That Is why
the fort Is called "Fort Blunder." It
was never armed uud has never been
Occupied by more than one or two men.
Duger la Polaona.
It II lamentable that neither repeated
warning nor sad experience seems to
have the desired effect of making the
ordinary person cautious In tbe use of
poisons. In the last few days three
children have died presumably from
taking poison tbat was carelessly left
within their reach. One would suppose
that such accidents would by this time
have become almost impossible, yet
they are constantly recurring with a
frequency that demands further warn.
Ing. If parents would learn to keep
poisons In a place where they could not
be reached by others there would be
fewer accidents.
It Is the old principle of familiarity
breeding contempt. It cannot he too
strongly Impressed upon every one that
the only immunity from danger If
through constant care nnd procnutloti.
It to a lesson thnt needs to be Impressed
upon averr Individual without execp-
POULTRY POINTERS.
An Oil ■■■Hah laperatllloa.
Attention has been called to tbe survival of folklore In rural parte of Bug-
laud by evidence given In n stabbing
case tried at the Essex assizes. To
quicken the healing of the wounds, too
knife with which they were Inflicted;
waa smeared with grease and laid ou
the bed of the patient. The purpose
•erred by the Application of grease or
oil to tbe knife or to any steel Instrument that has Indicted, wounds Is to
prevent It from rusting, for If the steel
It allowed to become rusv Hie wound
ll supposed to be sffeellr and festering and mortification follow the prog-
reu of the rust Another quaint belief ll that the application of an oiled
knife to a certain and quick rcuttdy
for icaldi and burns.
A man's guod work lives after him,
hut It isn't always Identlllcd.-Kutur-
.'ay liveiilug Post
Large roosters with small hens Is a
very poor combiniitlon.
Scalded milk and cooked rice will
often stop diarrhea In fowls.
Indigestion, one of tho worst diseases
among poultry, Is often caused by sour,
moldy food.
Eggs Intended to be hutched In nn In
cubntor should never be allowed to become chilled.
In order to have poultry lender nnd
Juicy they must be fattened quickly.
Two weeks of good feeding are usually
sufficient.
Use plenty of lime In the poultry
house. It will kill lice, Is a good disinfectant, will purify the nlr, It destroys vermin aud prevents gnpes.
One of the best ways of fceiling oats
to poultry Is to put them In li tub lit
night, pour scalding.water over them,
let them stand until morning and feed
tJicm warm.
Wnen the fowls are closely confined
or when the ground hi covered with
enow, they must have bulky food. Cut
clover liny well steamed Is good, ns
are also cabhngo leaves.
IT NATURALLY FOLLOWED.
The woman wns doing her shopping. The assistant handed her a
package, and she slowly turned away
"Do I need anything else?" she absent-mindedly asked.
"You have just bought some lawn,"
ventured the facetious shopman.
"Don't you think you will need
some hose?"—Chicago Journal.
Some ot Bnrna' I'lirnNCN.
Here are n few specimens of IliiniR'
happy phi-uses: "The best laid schemes
of mice and men gang nl't agloy;" "The
fear of hell 's tho hnngimin's whip, to
baud the wretch lu order;" "Rut pleasures are like popples spread; yon seize
tho flower, its bloom is shed;" "Oh,
wad some power the gll'lle glo us to
see ourselves ns Ithers sec us;" "Mini's
Inhumanity to man makes countless
thousands mourn;" "Nursing her wrath
to keep It warm;" "Tho mirth und fun
grew fast nnd furious;" "What's done
we partly niny compute, but know not
want's resisted;" "Princes and lords
nre but the breath of kings;" "The
rank Is but the guinea stump; a man's
a man for a' thnt."
THE JOLLY PITMAN.
During nstrike at one of the Durham collieries a jovial little pitman
was taking a wall, along tlie road
when lie was accosted by a tramp.
"I suppose you couldn't spare a copilot1 to help a poor man to get a bite
of bread," said the tramp to the
Pitman. "Why, 'aw dinna linaw.
Aw really dinna think 'avc ony
small change. But lot's see. ' Can
tlioo change a sliillin".'" said the pit.
[man. "Yes, sir, I can," was tlio
ireply. "Thou gun alarig, hinncy ;
gang nlang; thoo's a jolly sight heller of than Aw js."
A. t
iccessnr to 14.
sion and
M Dlreclof. I hkW
; loiljr .lis.
0, 0.
Successor Lo R. KiljmUick, Extension and Nanaimo.
Residence   Abliotsforrt Htild; loiter (lis-
inucephone   ■
nemovlnor TmnorN Enrlj*.
If it were generally known among intelligent people tbat great mimliora of
Innocent tumors sooner or Inter become malignant and that malignant tumors often simulate benign tumors ami
renmhi quiescent for n great whilij, tlio
sufferers would unhesitatingly consent
to tlie removal of these morbid growths
In their inception, long before the possible advent of serious mischief, or
when the cure might lie effected by minor operations "Which would leave tho
■mallest scars, especially tn such parts
U the face, neck; arms or hands.
I
A. E. HUBERT
Funeral Dlrestor
5{}i'c!n1 attention jrlveii to calls iiifjlit'
unlaw I.tn'y■ilirttam'f "plume 124.
NAHAlMO, II. C.
3BQH3BUV9
I
The  Htilitirr.
"I mndc an angel cake tltat was cle-
pant und one that was awful," said
Maud. "This Is llie third, ana It will
decide ns to whether or not I can be
considered an expert."
"I could tell this was the rubber,"
laid Hurry us he tried the cuke. "It
tastes like ft."
Suban Oigar Fasfory
MauufitcturKM of the KamoiiB
CUBAN
BLOSSOM
None but Union lAbor employed
M. J. BOOTH, - Proprietor.
NANAIMO, B. 6.
The GenUI Aldermun.
Tho story Is told of n Loudon nideis
man who, sitting in state to hear some
schoolboy's Greek orations, bowed
whenever he beard the Greek word
for "nothing" (ouden) pronounced, be-
cause It sounded like his own name.
l'cihnp* llitth.
*I haven't seen your cashier for several days past."
"No; he's gone out of town."
"Ah!   Gone for n rest, ehV"
"We haven't found out yet whether
he's gone for a rest or to escape it"
W.G.Fraser
Merchant Tailor
(1st Avenue)
Kill Slock Just Arrived.   Call
ami get your pick of tlie largest
Sleek in town.
rly
ml best
BARBER   SIIOI> & BATH ROOMS.
between the
The ESPLANADE,
Grand and Abbottsford,
William Powers,
Prop.
W. McNsiK, Secretwy.
Jons* W. Coiiukn, Manager.
Telephone 4(1.
The   Ladysmith  Lumber Co.,  Ltd.
MILLS  AT  FIDDICK   AND LADY SMITH—Shingles a Specialty.
— Munufsctniers     ol—
Rou. h and Dressed Fir and Cedar Lumber, Laths,
Shingles, Mouldings, Etc., of the Best Quality.
Seasoned  miJ   Kiln   Dried   Flooring and   Finishing Lumber always in Slock.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦^♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*
♦MORRISON'S    |
tZ     We desire tn llnnik our many friends  lor their pat- Q ▲
Q ronage nt the old sUmd.    We would  nsk for nconlini'- ->• a
▲ (/) Mice of the siuue at the new store in Williams bine k,  ~. ▲
A ■—i where we will lie pleased to wait on von after the ist __ £
:0C of October.                                                                     (/) A
DC                                                  O J
:U All at Reasonable  Prices J2 ♦
. 2
M»M»i««^^MUM(MH|M(MUIiMMN|l
Union Brewing Co,
NANAIMO, B. C.
(Manufacturers of the.
BEST BEER
^^■^^In British Columbia
■M+M 4-+t-++*+-t.*+***+*
Lager Beer and Porter Guaranteed Brewed
from the Beit Canadian Malt rnn Hops.
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.
The Union Rtewing Company will pay $10 reward for information
w'liicli will lend lo the arrest, and conviction of any pmon or persons
destroying Union Brewing OotnpBuy'e kegs or bottleB, or failing to return Ihe name.
»
I
i
i
J*ilv«<.»»»v*»v»»..-,-.«.-/v if.   v,f^V«VT^vt/^WV««
liners' Drilling Machines,
Made to order and Repaired at short notice    Drills sharpened by us
aU-aj'Egive* satisfaction.    Picks bandied and repaired.
Shipsmitliing in all its Branches.
Horseshoers and General Blacksmiths.
David Murray
Brjller Street -   -   -   - Ladysmith, B. C
^—JOHN MAY
Carpenter, Builder, Contractor and General Jobber
,      CABINET-MAKING      .
ilblT Awnings a Specialty.
LADYSniTH, B.C.
I Livery Rigs |
;■ At Any Hour, Day or Night. ;•
\ Expressing and Light Teaming. ,:
DAVID JOHNSON,
1 Two Blocks North of R. R. Station, Ladysmith
'i Are Slaughtering:
All our Choice Assortment of Beef.
Mutton, Pork and Veal ourselves and
can guarantee everything to be the
Nicest, Freshest and Cleanest on the
market	
PAN NELL & PLASKETT
SfEVENS BLOCK,
QATACRE STREET,
LADYSniTH, BX
'■x. LADYSMITH TRANSFER CO. *
MANOS, ORGANS AND HOUSEHOLD  FURNITURE  MOVED
PROMPTLY AND SAFELY
ist Avenue    -   -   -   Ladysmith, B. C.      (/)
MORRISON'S
♦
♦    lw„ w ,,,,, w v ,„   w
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦ ♦
Stalilca in renr ori.udysmilti Hotel.   Leave oriiers at the Abbott.lord.
WILLIAMS AND WASKETT
^•)H»N<«)K»5K»)K*¥»3tt»5l<«ii|(«^»^»))(»)K»3K»JK«)««5K»3K»)K»)K»3)(*
1 Delivered in Any Part of the City f
I Every Afternoon
*
We are among you and shall be
pleased to see all our friends at our
new store on First Avenue.
H.&W.
MEAT   MARKET
I The Daily Ledger j
50 Cents per- Month
»a-:»M;'»'*'»^;»>i-«'-K»M->Mt'«.<;»'^«^»^»Ht*^»-i(»at'ii-h'»-K>-f:»->t«^»ii{'
DAY 80HOOL,
NOTICE
Usual   subjects   taught; also languages, drawing in pencil and cray-    ., ,., .       ,   , ,
6   B   '. ,.            .,       ,      ,        ,      Messrs.  Blair and Adam har*
ons, painting in oils and water colors,    pianoforte and   vocal lessons,  c"lca    th0   aS<™y of tho Chrystal
given in classes or individually.         , Laundry Co.    to Victoria.   All p»r-
M1SS BERTRAM.
Ladysmith, B. O.
eels ami orders left with them   will
I receive prompt and careful attcntl<u.. LADYSMITH   DAILY   LEDGER
FOR SALE.
Small Coal Stove, No. 22 Climax,
used only two months; good as new;
price, |5.    Apply
J. W. COBURN.
FOR SALE
One bay marc, gentle; good speedy
traveller, 10 years old; weight, between 1,000 and 1,100.   Price,  J7D.
W. H.  CRANE,
East Cedar District.
WANTED-For Ladysmith a lady or
gentleman to introduce our rapid
sellers; experience unnecessary;
rustler can make big money. Apply
quick, J. M. MacGregor Publishing
Co., Vancouver, B, C.
LOST.
A small Hold Watch Ihis first day
of October. Finder will confer a favor by notifying Miss Clark at The
Ledger office.
LOCAL HEMS
J. A. Blair leaves today on the
Transfer for the Mainland on bus!
ncss and will also visit the Wcstmin-,
ster fair before returning.
Rev. Dr. Cliown left by this morning's train for Victoria and will stop
over at Duncans for a lew hours en-
route.
Geo. Raymond, proprietor ol the
Kalemalka hotel, Vernon, passed
through town yesterday on his way
home Irom Nanaimo whore he was
making a short, visit. Mr. Raymond
was formally proprietor of the Wilson hotel, Nanaimo.
MEET TONIGHT.
The executive ol the Ladysmith
Liberal Association will meet, this
evening at 8 o'clock in the Committee rooms, Hartley's old store, First
Avenue.
D. GOURLEY, Secretary.
^"SPORTS"]
?-t"t-H-l-1-++++*-H-H-+-H-l"l-i"I"t"i-
RUGBY AT NANAIMO.
The Nanaimo Mosquitoes and Athletic Rugby Football teams play   a
match on Thursday.
FIELD  TRIALS.
At the B. C. held trials al Latl-
ners, last week, the Derby was won
by Deacon, an English setter, owned by Cook Ininaii, of Seattle, Maggie, a pointer, owned by G. D. McDonnell, ol Vancouver, was second.
Third place was taken by Pat, an
English setter, owned by C. Gardiner Johnson. Count Whitestonc's
Chief, an English setter, owned by
Mr. Whidden, of Seattle, was first
in the all age stakes. King Sol, a
pointer owned by Sweetzer, of Whitby Island, took second. Third place
was secured by Point, another pointer, owned by D, G. Macdonnell, of
Vancouver. Fourth was divided between Tony's Destiny, a setter, belonging to Norman J. Lynes, of Vancouver, and Assiniboine Rodlield,
owned by Mr. Rolston, ol Seattle.'
Tlie members' stake event was won
by Tony's Destiny, with Assiniboine
Rodlield second, and Majjgia, a pointer, owned by Mr. Macdonnell, third.
 o	
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
Our $7.50
'GENUINE  DIAMOND rings,
set in 14k gold, are winners.
1  Should you I.link ot getting
a larger size diamond,     wc
have them in different styles
and prices up to $125.00.
Call and see us.
b.forcimmerI
jeweler = -
- - Optician
STEVENS BLOCK,
Ladysmith, B. C.     .
<►♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
"5TANFIELD5"
unshrinkable Underwear-
made lo lit all kinds ot men.
Tho long, thin man, and   the
short, stout man. There is
none too small and none too
large but what will just find
his lit right here,
W.O.&R. SHIRTS
ACCOUNTS PASSES.
The committee in charge of the Accident     and   Burial Fund met last
night and passed the following    accounts for September:
R. Morgan  $ 31 00
Victor Cclle       30 110
Ed. Munholland     3(1 (III
Geo. Dorcsen  ....   30 00
C. Adshead     19 00
t'bas. Edniinston     17 00
Win. Smith    11
D. E. Roberts .'	
A. W. Harvey, C.E.
cd bis survey ot the
having finish-
trcet levels,
left for Victoria this morning, It
will take a short time yet to make
the plan from bis Held notes, probably a week.
City Clerk Stewart has lost no
time in calling for tenders for tlie
work of clearing and grading a portion oi High street near tlie Presbyterian Churchi as directed by the
Council, to comply with the petition
of the teamsters to improve that
route to the upper levels of the city.
NO SMALL POTATOES ili'lftli
Nanaimo is bragging about the slv.o
ol some potatoes on exhibition there
in the shop windows, and njaltos s
great fuss over a little lellow weigh
ing only 31 pounds. Ladys.nitn can
beat that without any trouble, for
in Mr. J. II. Tate's window on the
Esplanade, is one that lips the scales at over lour pounds.
FALSE ALARM.
Mr. II. McLean, of Roberts street
left yesterday lor Victoria where he
will enter a hospital for a serious
surgical operation. So quietly ditl
he leave home that his neighbors did
not know of his absence and camr
very near breaking open his bouse
see il lie were not seriously ill,
he had been looking badly lor some
time. Enquiry al tbe station, however revealed the (act that he had
left for Victoria.
DOG POISONING.
Somebody poisoned Mr. Rolston's
English setter bitch yesterday. She
was a particularly line animal
brought here at considerable expense
Irom Manitoba, and was very valua.
able. Within a week, several tlogs
have been poisoned ami it seems like
ly that while the killing was not intentional, some one has been laying
out poison near town in a very care,
less manner,
THE LAST RITES.
By the noon train the funeral ol
the late Miss L, Morgan proceeded
to Nanaimo, where the services were
held at St. Paul's Church and the
grave. Kov. C. E. Cooper official-,
lug. flierc was a large gathering
at the station and nianyjrieuds accompanied the family to pay the last
respects to the dead. 'There were
twelve pall-bearers six gentlemen and
six ladies, the baincs being Miss L.
Ingham, Miss Margaret Clark, Miss
Nellie Michie, Miss J. Dalton, Miss
E. Lewis, Miss Millie Lapsansky ;
Messrs A. Morrison, M. Cello, F. Ingham, John Raines, D. Hopkins and
Jos. Raines.
Antonio Scpik, ....	
John Campbell	
John Wargo,   -	
Wm. Wilson, 	
II. Cocking, (ambulance)..
10. Lowe, salary 	
F. D. Pelkey, salary 	
Telephone,   	
Washing Blankets 	
Express on crutches 	
Cleaning ambulance car .. ..
Nanaimo     Hospital  account,
treatment, Wm. Smith .. ..
.  MARINE.
Tugs Mary 0, and Bermuda
in port to-day for coal.
25
1(1 (1(1
2(1 0(1
15 (10
10 00
10 110
3 00
5 00
5 00
III
1 (III
3 10
5 00
18 75
bc-
of
and
Total  *28'J 50
A NEW WORLD LANGUAGE
The work, ol forming new and.
scientific languages tor universal use
goes merrily on, anil the newest,
candidate for aposilion Willi Vola-
puk and Esperanto is "Laiin without inflections," the result ol the labors of Proi. Giuseppe Peano, a mathematician of Turin. He has proposed to do away with genders, persons, and cases, as was suggested by
Leilinit/., but also with the moods
and tenses. Such a proposal would
give a language which would lie the
extreme ol simplicity, and inasmuch
ajr Latin is universally taught in elementary schools, it could readily lie
introduced, so that, according to
Prof. Peano, there would lie no reason why Latin, modified by this
system, should not once again be
the medium of communication of tbe
learned world.—Harper's Weckij.
WHEN THE FISH GET DRUNK
The strangest sight known to Tren
ton. N. J., is a "lisli drunk." Such
a drunk is not a plain drunk, but
one which make the onlookers believe
that perhaps Munchausen was not
so inventive after all.
It happens Unit the Olden Avenue
bridge adjoining tlie brewery, every
time the beer vats arc cleaned and
emptied into the stream alongside.
When the foaming malt pours forth
into the water one may see a rush
to the bar. It is just like a beaming politician asking his fellow-citizens to "have one." Pickerel, eels,
perch anil catfish mingle in the festivities, and the meaning of the old
saying, "He drinks like a fish.'
comes evident.
The fish, it is said, leap out
the water, dart at one another,
throw themselves high and drv on
tbe stones at the water edge. When
one less bibulous than his fellows
starts to leave with tlie idea tbat
there will lie trouble in tlie family
if be stays longer, his companions
gather about him and coax him back
for just "ono more." As their de-
bae li rjii,s to assume its .second
stage I,.- !.isoiled lisli drift slowly
down tiie stream, quite regardless
ol tlie East Trenton small hoys who
wade out into tlie stream and picks
up tlie "plain drunks" in baskets.
Shortly afterwards they arc sizzling
over a kitchen fire, victims of their
own conviviality.
Residents of the brewery section ol
the city who have witnessed these
"lisli drunks" time and again say
tlie lisli come down stream in schools
just before il, is time for the weekly vat cleaning, and upon rearliing
the Olden Avenue bridge patiently
await developments and beer.— New
York Times.
These goods need no recommendation. They are well
known to us. We have opened
up a little bunch of 20 dozen.
New Fall patterns that we
would like you to sec.
W.Q.&R. COLLARS
made to lit the shirts.   No
I rouble when you buy W. G.
R.     shirts anil collars.   You
wouhl think they grow togeth-
DRYSDALE-
STEYENS0N
Co., Ltd.
SENSE OF SMALL FAILING.
The study of noses as a profitable
pastime in summer holidays, is suggested in an article in tlie London
Spectator. The decorous weekly
does not, of course, approach the
subject Irom a beauty doctor's point
ol view, but Irom that ol to. physiologist, and asks:
"Is the sense of smell dying out
among civilized men?"
Although an enlirc segment ol the
brain is apportioned to the olfactory
fillers, what wc now possess, the
Spectator says, on authority ol physiologists, is probably a mere remnant ol a once powerful mechanism.
Pointing out the faculty of scent
possessed by tlie brute creation and
savage ami uncivilized races, the
Spectator demonstrates the extent
wherclo the higher races are discontinuing the use of their noses by
calling attention to the fact that
there is nn word in tbe Tsnglish language such as "blindness" or "deafness" to signify the complete absence oi perception of smell.
Then it urges attention to the degenerate organs of smell, and says:
"Wc use spectacles to assist cye-
light, car trumpets ami artificial ear
drums to correct deafness, so why
should not science supply some handy Instrument that, would stimulate
ho olfactory fillers or magnify the
potency ol effluvia?"
NOTICE.
Persons   found   using our
Bottle Stoppers alter   this
1 be prosecuted.
RUMMING BROS.
Pioneer Soda Water Works.
Ladysmith,
Patent
notice,
B.C.
\\ y, we've all kinds ol wheelp; we are
men's for IneCanada Cycle and Motor
Go., of Toronto, and carry their "Per-
hict wheel in stock."
Wh also repair wheels; il yours does
iiiti tun (0 suit .von, fend it up tone.
All kinds nf light machinery repairs
Wo nreanwdine launch experts
R. J, Wellborn
Frtfer Street,
Namtiuio
A Howl assortment of Nutfl Paper.
ritli>v? 'rom 10 cents up, plain or ruled
Boxes (if Writing Paper and Envelop.
fr. m 20,: up to 50t!. Plain or ruled
paper nnd kooi! quality, at Kiiigliifl
B >ok Store.
Any
Kind
of
Job
Printing
Done Promptly and
WELL
At
THE
LEDGER
Office
On Ist Avenue
All Work Done at
Reasonable Rates.
>PO<XX
Our Annual Stocktaking being now
completed, we Must get rid of many articles QUICKLY. These will be offered at Greatly Reduced Prices in or.
der to make room for our New FALL
GOODS consisting of Dress Goods,
Gents' Furnishings, Woolen Underwear
Whitewear, Hats, Caps, Rubbers Boots
and Shoes, etc., etc., which have been
arriving daily.
Simon Leiser&
Company, Ltd.
GATACHE STREET
LADYSMITH
»0OOOO0OOOO0OOO<>OOOOO<>O<:
Trunks
Valises,  Telescope drips, Deess
Suit Cases.   All Leather Goods.
20
Per Cent Lower* than
-Elswhere-
20
Enterprise Harness Store,
C. R. BRYANT*   Proprietor
Victoria Orescent, Natiaiino.
PAINLESS   DENTISTRY
DontiMry in all Us branches as fine as
can be done in the world, and absolutely
free from the SLIGHTEST PAIN, I Ex-
tractlnn, filling, fitting of crowns and
bridges without pain or discomfort.
Examine work done at the West Dental Parlors and compare with an; you
have ever seen and then judge for jour
self.
Painless, Artistic, and Reliable.
Aim tub WATOiiwomB tie nun office.
IHE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE
WITH WHICH IS AMALGAMATED
The Bank of British Columbia
HEAD OFFlOEl TORONTO.
Capital Paid U| ISJOO.OOO
Kest 3 1100,000
Agyrgate resources exceeding 811,000 000
Hon. Geo, A. Cox, President. B. E. Walker, General Manager.
London Office, 60 Lombard St., E.C.
The Bank ban 100 Branches well distributed throughout Ihe Dominion and
e'prwhere, Including the following in British Columbia and the Yukon Territory:
tTLIN GREENWOOD NANAIMO VANOOUVEH
UHANBROOK    KAMI.OOPS NELSON VIOl'ORIA
DAWSON LADYSMiril N. WKSTMINTER    WHITE  HORSE
Branches in the United States
WW YORK     RAN FRANCISCO     PORTLAND     SEATTLE    SKAGWAY
Every description ol banking business transacted,   fritters ol credit on any
,ntt of the world.
Savings Bank Department.
Peposits of one dollar ($1.00) and upwards received and Interest paid at ear-
rent rates,   Depositors are subject to no delay in depositing or withdrawing funds
LADYSMITH BRANCH ■      • GEO. WILLIAMS, Manager.
THE RIO.HT PLACE
D. J. MATHESON,
HERCHANT TAYLOR
■st Ave. Ladysmith
FIRE WOOD.      I
Shingle spalis, good cedar wood,
$2 a load, (cord, more or less), delivered.   Leave orders at office of
LADYSMITH LUMBFRCO.
Consultation aud your teeth cleaned FREE
Full set, 17.50; silver filling!!, ft up; gold Hillings,
$2 up; gold crowns, $5 up. In fact, all operations
as reasonable as our watchwords can make them.
Will be in ladysmith, Friday, Au&.iath
and same date of each succeeding
month, and remain 3 days only....
HOME OEFICB:
The West Dental Parlors,
THB IMPERIAL BANK CUMBERS,
Corner   Yates   and    Ciovernment    Streets.
Office hours, 8 a. in. to 6 p.m.; evenings, from 7 to 8.30.   Offiice In P. O.
Take a Trip East
OVER THE
Canadian Pacific
AND C1ET
YOUR MONEY'S WORTH,
REDUCEDRATES
Tickets on Sale   October 3rd, 4th,
and 5th.
2 TRAINS DAILY.
FINE ACCOMMODATION.
B. C. COAST SERVICE
SS.  Princess VI. tenia sails daily
at 7 p.m. for Seattle, and at 7.30
a.m. for Vancouver.
Steamers tor Skagway, West Coast
and Northern B. O. ports.
Knight's Book Store il the place to
get itationery, etc.
Excellent soda water from the new
fountain at Jessop'a Drag Store.
Oat your school books at Knight'a
Book Store,
SEE
Harry Kay
lor artistic Painting and i'aperhaiig-
ing. Picture Framing.
FIRST AVENUE, Ladysmith.
Now it yonr time to net your winter
inpiily of wood, we will deliver you four-
foot dry wood, which is equal to three
ricks of 16 ineh wood, lor (2.50
J. M. LEIGH,
NORTHERN  PACIFIC   RY. CO.
Corner Government anil Yates streets
Victoria, B. C.
THREE
3-TRANSCONTINENTAL-3
TRAINS DAILY.
If You Are Ooing to the
ST.   LOUIS   EXPOSITION,
Take  the    NORTHERN    PACIFIC
RY., either via St. Paul or Billings.
New Tourist Cars ou all  trains.
Fine connections made from Victoria
by night or morning boats.   Only
line having through service to St.
Louis without change of cars. Tickets on sale October 3, 4 and 5.
Fare to St. Louis and return,
$07.50, good for three months, returning any line; also cheap round
trip rates to all points East, on account of the Fair. Parties going via
St. Paul to St. Louis or Eastern.
points should not miss a trip on the
famous "North Coast Limited."
Steamship tickets on sale to all
European points. Very low rates
now in effect. They will not last.
Cabin accommodation reserved by
wire.
For further   information   call or
phone (No. 450) to the office.
A. D. CHARLTON,     C. E. LANG,
A.G.P.A.N.P.R.,      Gen'l  Agt.,
Portland, Or.        Victoria, B.C.
BOOTS AND SHOES AT RIGHT
PRICES.
Repairing and making to order   a
speciality.
TrlOHAS MCEWAN
1st Avenue,  Ladysmith, B. C.
X
KYNOCK& VULCAN SHELLS
Are the BEST.   We have them.
I BROWNING AUTOMATIC SHOT GUN
Is a  PEACH.     We  have it.
I SAVAGE  A  WINCHESTER   RIFLES
EVERYBODY kuows them, We have them
E. ROLSTON
t   PRICES ARB
RIGHT
ladysmith   %5KB
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