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Ladysmith Daily Ledger Oct 13, 1904

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PJJJE&JSPEB'UN. THE LEADER OFFICE
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 :   'THURSDAY, OCT. 13, 1901.
i  Jlil	
'•»PRKDE"FIVE "CENTS"
.:'.il» If!
SOCIALISTS START
THE CAMPAIGN HERE
Wm Fentoa Candidate for the Party, Ad'
dresses His First Meeting in the
Opera House
J, Hawthornthwaite»r Parker Williams and
Others Give Open Views of Conv
ing Election
inn mmr n'-snu
ii
The first meeting ol the Dominion
election campaign was held in the
Opera house last night when the Socialist'candidate, Win. Fenton, and
several other speakers addressed the
-electors. The gathering, which was
well attended and very orderly, included quite a sprinkling of the fair
sex. ;": ;"-.   - r-i
On tlie platform were G. R. Wilson, J. llawthornthwaite, M.P.P.;
W. Fenton, the Socialist candidate,
II. McKinucy, J. Cartwright, Geo.
Kinnay, Parker Williams, M.P.I',
and E. T. Kingsley.
The chairman, Mr. G. R. Wilson,
extended an invitation lo the. other
candidates or their Iriends to take
places on the platform, and then opined by "thcowitig a lew bouquets,"-
as he said,, lo :tl|,e ladies lor ^attending, and said that while the old parlies ■ seemed to be afraid to'exlehd'
the franchise lo ladies, be did nob
see why women should not have
votes. The Socialists, he went on t0
say, were ahead of the old parties in
having always planty of good men
lor candidates, and being ever ready
for the fight. The candidate was a
workiiiginan, a good Socialist and a
reliable man to trust with the' interests of tlie constituency. He'- read
a telegram regretting that Mr..Wolley, the Conservative candidate, was
unable to attend, nnd then introduced Mr. J. Cartwright.
Mr. Cartwright likened the Socialists lo tlie farmer sowing the seed
and hoped that the seed sown by, the,
party would so grow as to enable
tho doctors to vote in the right
cause. He failed to sec any difteri
encc between the Liberal and Conservative parties, the parties that
upheld a system that robbed and
plundered the people ol what they
produced. No man by his own labor
could be a millionaire, but because
the people had given him t|u}ir riches
without considering what they were
doing. That was the reason that in
tlie midst ol abundance men lacked
Ijod, ilolblng and shelter. The cute
was'ih the abolishment of private
ownership of public things. He did
not blame the rich men, for any individual in like position would do
the same thing. But the remedy lay
in the ballot box ,to change thesys
tern, the system that tbe Conservatives and Liberals both upheld, It
was time lor the wdrkingmen to
think for themselves'. W. W. B, Mc-
I lines had when canvassing Ior_clec-
tion told blm thet Socialism was all
right, but tho people were not ready for il ycl. "And why was Mr.
Midlines not willing lo work 'or il
then, if it was all right," asked the
speaker,    "lljs because there were n0
with either party, but would accept
from either party only as a palliative and under protest any measure
that would benefit the working man.
The government ownership was ' a
step in the right direction, but was
only a .palliative, because tlie road
would then be owned, by the ..government ".-...and be believed in collective
ownership. The class struggle wns
nominally one between capital' ai.d
labor, but as a fact it was a struggle between labor men themselves.
Socialists did not believe in strikes
because it was part of the competitive system. Incidentally he denied
that the Socialists were responsible
lor the coal serike. He believed in
having this campaign conducted without mudslingiiig; but he kepi the
right to criticize any public man
who came in the way of their progress. He closed by asking for tile
support of the electors on tlie 3rd of
November. II elected be. would support iiny party in anv measures thai
were for the benefit of labor.
Mr. Parker Williams remarked that
no election had been curried out yet
without a railroad being an issue.
Railroads had .not .brought prosperity to the w'orlilug class or else where
the most railroads were there would
the condition of laior be found best;
but such wan, not the case., The main
issue between the two old parties in
this campaign was a railway. II
might be argued that the opening up
of new country would give fresh opportunities, but tho diflicully was
that the railways also brought 111
liew men to grasp these opportunities, or perhaps two men to grasp
one opportunity. He had been.sent a
portion ol Hansard with part, of a
debate, evidently lor Ihe purpose of
showing that the Liberal party were
not in favor of the C.P.R., but the
Littoral party were on tho side of
any old corporation. At this day
the C'.P.R. was drawing a rebate in
duly paid lor material, ou the plea
that it . was construct ion work—a
railway that was completed years
ago. The CP.R. too, got the licne-
lit ot the Banff natural park lor
Ibeir hotel tourists while Ihc government paid all the bills. The department ol the Interior at Ottawa
is charged with seeing that the'labor market is properly stocked in
the interest of capitalists and ships
out the riff-ran of Europe and dumps
them on Canadian shores. Tlio result is to depress labor. The immigration literature in some ot the
most shnmcleiis ho ever saw', describing in glowing terms the country north of Lake Superior thnt
some man at Ottawa hail described
as such    a  ."God.forsaken   country
dollars in it lor him, sliat's why." J thai a crow would need a knapsack
The wage system is a dead cinch'orjto travel over it."' (Laughter.^ Misleading inducements were made in
this class of litem lure. lie hnd
protested against this method of
duping. Grit and Tory bad done tltc
same thing in their immigration literature. $(1111,1100 was spent for this
class ol work within the Inst fiscal
year. He hud seen iu Ihc Ladysmith
paper that the city was going lo gel
a wharf; hut they should so?' that
the structure was well under way l.e-
folc the third of Novemlicr. Air.
Smith    had nol done a single tiling
the capitalist class. They had bi ire
them tonight the candidate who ...s
going lo Ottawa. (Applause.)
Mr. Wm. i'euton, the candidate,
was next called upon by the minimal! and received around ol ..p
plau.se, He opened by a compliment
to llie ladies on the? increase! inter-
est they were taking in politics. This
Ic.l him to speak in favor.ol women
suflcrage and in this connection he
told a story ill a negro who when
asked what he thought, ol woman
suflerago said ho favotcil it   iceiii.sojfor Ladysmith
Mr.' J. Hawthoriithwailf
tbe men had suffered long enough. Do
would, 11 elected,, favor giving llie
ballot to women. As a Socialist le
did not believe in abusing any corporation. He has heard co-called labor candidates condemn the E. St N.
railway, hut that gentleman Had
.since offered to do what he could to
obta n the extension ol that same
road to the north of the island.
That gentleman pretended lo act in
this on behalf ol the people who
elected blm, but It was not the people who elestcd him, tho worklngiiien
but the business people of Nanaimo,
Mho wnnleil that road extended.
That siime gentleman favored the.1
Grand Trunk Paul lie and thus showed bis sympathy with the caTllalls-
tie class. The railway c est inn wns
not an lsjuc with (he Socialists. Up.
would    not   11 elected compromiec
M. P.P.,
was sure Mr. Kenton was out- in opposition to Mr. Ralph Smith. Mr.
Smith had, when be Iirst came out,
posed as an independent Labor candidate, and had promised lo grip
both parties by the. throat, but he
could not show a single act whicli he
had brought in lor the benefit of labor, except the Union Labor Hill, a
very good measure but withdrawn by
Mr. Smith -at the request of Sir
Wilfrid I,mirier. Mr. Smith .claimed
Hint he caused1 the raising of the entrance tax oil' Chinese; lint the poo-'
pic should not believe that; the rem
son the tax wns raised was lieeauso
il was in the Interest ol the business
class. The speaker condemned the
CI rami Trunk   Pacific ns a rascally
I (Continued on Page i.)
He Opens the First of His Public Meetings at That Place
this Evening
IV.
HUME ELECrflIC LIGHT
IiWINTEB
Conservatives Back From Dun'
cans—Socialist Off to Make
Address at Northfield
Mr, Ralph Smith was a passenger
on this morning's train for Duncan,
where he has ii is- first public1 meetiiig
this evening. He speaks in Chemain-
tis tomorrow evening, at Nanaimo on
Saturday anil in La'dysmith "on Monday, (.'hatting at the station this
morning ho expressed himself as very
much'pleased; with the qullook ant)
reels confident .of .the result ■ of the
tlection.
Mr. Fcntoii, Mr. Hawthbrnlhwailc
and tlie oilier speakers who took
part in the Socialist meeting last
night, left today for NorthficM where
they give addresses this evening. Mr.
llawthornthwaite stated that they
intend to attend Mr. Ralph Smith's
meet'iiit at Nanaimo on Saturday.
The delegates to the Conservative
convention at Duncan returned ■ today and express themselves as, well
satisfied will, tlie way things went.
The name of'Mayor Manson was proposed1 as a candidate, hut he withdrew, in favor of Mr. Wolley. Last
night a crowded public meeting was
held at which Mr. Wolley, Sir
(harles Hibhcrt.Tupper and Premier
MV.-Dridc spoke.
Tuesday, November 1st, has been,
decided upon as the date, of nomination day for Kootenay electoral dis-
tskt and polling, if any,. will take
i lace on Tuesday, November 32nd.,
just three weeks later.
One of the humors of the campaign
is the, following story told by ' the
[Casio Kootenaiau and of roursc if
is needless to say shows the political
complexion of the paper:
"The story is told," says the Koo-
fenaian, "of a man in a Kootenay
crowd who declared he could tell a
lJhetal'or a Conservative by looking
at him. lie picked out a Liberal,
and warn asked to show a Conservative, lie hesitated, hut walked up
to a man, and said, "You are a Conservative." MYou,re a liar," instantly retorted the man, "Ijvel.eeu
si,-k; that's what makes me loo.k
like i-liii;;" " "* '
TWO CHINESE} DROWNKD    ,
At Ilaslam's saw mill at Nanaimo
yesterday, Ing Ou and Kin Yew, two
Chinese employees were drowned.
They had been sent to take some
chains out of the hinder logs of the
loom in .the morning and were aniss-
ed later on, their bodies being found
about four o'clock in ebe afternoon
by dragging.
Frank Green was hurt in the Na.
nainio mine yesterday, some coal
railing ou bis leg and breaking oue
of the small hones.
BAYONETS AND
BOILING WATER
London, Oct. 12. - Al Fcltsport,
near Cork, an utlenipt. yesterday to
diet a tenant named Kdimind Mur-
pliy for unpaid routs for six years,
lid to serluiis lighting;- Kitty polite
arriving early in tlie morning found
tiha place barricaded. A crowd assembled nnd asslsled Murphy, assailing Hie Polite wilh red-hot irons,
boiling water ami stones, compelling
11.em to desist'. Tlie. conflict continued all day. Willi ihe arrival ol
reinforcements Ihe police charged (he
mob willi fixed bayonets and many
nn both sides wine injured. Loiter
in. the evening, through the incilia-
tlch ol the Parish priest. Murphy
wttH Induced In surrender. Altogether thirty arrests were niiide. One
policeman had all of his front teeth
knocked out.
CROP REPORT.
" Winnipeg, Oct. 12.—The. Canadian
Pacific. Hallway's crop report lor tbo
week eliding Oct. 10, wns Issued yesterday. The average yield Is estimated at Irom 18 to 211 bushels per
a- re. Threshing is miw general nil
over the country. In most districts
tlie weather has been favorable to
threshing, hut In Ihc Souris, Nitpin-
lut nnd Porfnl section's, every station sine one reports tain.
Mayor Cebura and Mr. Hiuv
ter Have Conversation Tliat
j May Lead to Good Results
His Worship Gathers Useful Information From Fire Chiefs
Convention
Ladysmith is likely to have electric lights in operation before lung,
lor this morning Mayor Cohtirn met
Mr. Joseph Hunter who was passing
through town and had a very satisfactory interview with him regarding the extension of tke system Irom
Nanaimo and on Monday night the
Mayo.- will report to the Council the
result, of the interview.
Another subject which formed a
topic ol conversation between the
Mayor and Mr. Hunter was the extension of the sewer from, the Es-
planade and that difficulty is iu a
fair way to settlement.
His Worship, who returned on the
transfer this morning from Vaucqu.
vcr took occasion to visit the convention of Fire Chiefs at Vancouver
ycslj.'rday and secured valuable ' in-
forntaticn in regard to tbe new lire
hall and other subiects regarding the
department that will te of great
assistance to the city in carrying
out the improvements the Council
now has in view. Upon this subject also he will inform tlie board
of aldermen at Monday night's meeting.
o
CONSOLIDATING
McKEE CREEK
A Great Min'nj  Deal   Pit
Through in Atlin By a
Powerful Syndicaie
Mr. C. M. Ilamshaw, managing director of the Amalgamated McKce
Creek Mining Company ol Atlin, is
on his way to New York to arrange
the details of the consolidation of
two ,arge mining companies, which
nt present owns all the hydraulic
elaims on AlcKee Creek. These coin.
panics arc the Amalgamated McKec
Creek Mining Company and llie McKce Consolidated Mining Company,
Mr. K. T. Ilamshaw, a brother ol
Mr. C. M. Ilamshaw, is flic president oi both companies, and the
shareholders, New York capitalists,
arc practically the same in both organization. I'he consolidation of
these two companies will give an
authorized capltul of (2,111111,111111, and
mining operations will lie carried out
on a considerably larger scale next
season.
Tho past season has been a very
successful one throughout Atlin generally," Mr. Ilamshaw snid in tin
interview to the Province. "The
water supply has lasted well through
the season and nearly all the hydraulic companies have made satisfactory clean-ups. With the exception oi tbe Pine Creek Power Company, all tbe mining operations are
now suspended (or Ihe season. The
Pino t'rcok Company Intend tn continue operations until November 1st.
I consider Boulder Creek one of the
richest in (bat country in Ihe way
ol hydraulic relurns. and il will
give good results lor many years to
come. •
As far as boulders are concerned,
w* have more trouble Irom them on
McKce Creek than they have on
Houhlcr. The rocks on McKce Creek
which is about eight miles in length
arc In a larger number and ot greater sl/.c than o" Bouldor Creek. Most
of the bouldcis are too large lo ho
handled by derricks, and have to he
blasted. Hut (he grade ol the creeks
helps In these operations some, as
the stream has a lull of twelve leet
In one hundred, and the monitor is
able to dispose ol some very big.
rocks. We use a six-inch stream
wilh a head ol three hundred nnd
sixty lect, and our Hume and pinc-
line is about three thousand leet
long. The gravel nn McKce Crook
Is pncl.nl very close and solid, almost as hard ns sandstone, and anything less than a six-inch stream
would have little effect on If. A ton-
inch: no/.zlc would have better clleef,
and allow ol cheaper mining, hut we
cannot got water enough to operate
It."
tii'iiiiiilii.  Ill)   Ke.l  Sl/O
111
MR. :DSNSMfflR.SPiA1£S;::,;
i,i ii. ii
.11   l.,       lil.iunl   Inn.  1..I
Cordially Approves of; Erection &$ Wlwf
' '!"' ""'  "' "' "    ,i!      ,i -,,,,. ,.-,tu ."lull pi   iihIIi-i-
By the Dbmiiiion Government     '"
111 '"' "'"'■  '"" """" ' '""'       |i/i::iiji:i ;n;, .i/rni [MMO'i
"'"■ '2','l'M "Ladysmith •< *>• <iw "*""'
ll.   ad  lilunifu 'i'n nl"
Railway Line to Jbe Sti^hten^jPjIfi^St^
tion to be built and,.Ne,w,llBun*„n,i,,"!if'
kers on Water Front <■>< -'I "< ^	
i,,i,    iwiiltrwdiitf
Mr. James Dunsmuir was in tin
city loday and was seen lor a few
minutes at the station by a representative of the Ledger. Asked for his
views relative to the building of a
wharf in Ladysmith, and about flic
right of way, Mr. Diinsmnir stated
generally Unit jthe building of a wharf
in this city met with pis cordial approval and that in the matter of a
right of way it could and would he
readily 'arranged with the proper authorities.
He also spoke of tlie extensive improvements on the water front, the
straightening of the line near the
station, the removal of the station
a few hundred feet south, und stated
Unit the building would be made
commodious and attractive.
I le also spoke of new bunkers and
of improvements    along the    water
.....,.^ti[ >|11 t-.tnri * i
front, statiug that there would ; lie
extensive work done there, but,||l|e
did not at this time care to go into
particulars about such improvements.
He seems well satisfied with the
progress of Ladyjjnilth, and expressed himself as pleased with the progress being made. Altogether the
brief interview was most satisfac-
toryLso far as Ladysmith's interests
are concerned, as these statements
set at rest the story going 'the rounds
that Mr. Dunsmuir would in anyway oppose the building of a wharf
or be disinclined to assist the enterprise in securing a proper right of
way from the city to the wharf.
Mr. C. C. Worsfold, assistant to
Mr. Kcefer, Dominion government engineer was :n, town this afternoon,
ai ranging with Mr. D. Thomas, the
foreman about the preliminary work
iu connection with the new wharf.
TIDE OF BATTLE SETS
IN FAVOR OF OYAMA
He Reports Officially That His Centre and
Right Armies Have Made Sub
stantial Gains
Japanese Have Captuaed Thirty Guns Frcm
Russians/ Fighting Bloodier Than
at Liao Yang
(Associated Press Despatches.)
While containing no positive information regarding,specific results, today's despatches from both Russian
and Japanese sources seem lo indicate that the tide of the general engagement now in progress between
the Hun aud Tai lys rivers is favorable to Marshal Oyama. A Tokio
despatch at I o'clock this afternoon,
says tlia. „ii'u latest reports from the
front fell of continued Japanese suc-
cc»i>, whilst St. Petersburg, con-
fessiejr that no reports of to-day's
developments have been received, admits that in tlie previous fighting,
"'i'he Russians hud not been entirely successful in defending their positions."
"Tlie atmosphere at tlie war office," reads the despatch, ''is by fio
means cheerful." The lack ol advices from the RusNan front is regarded as significant. Oyama, reporting ou yosterday's results, expresses satisfaction     and says that
point of the bayonet, the fight continuing into the night. The Japanese reserved their lire until the Russians, at the douhfe were almost
upon them. An instance is given
of a regiment getting within a lew
yards ol the Japanese trenches, but
recoiling More the murderous volleys of the Japanese, then coining on
again witli reinforcements, literally
under a shower of shrapnel, and finally succeeding in driving out the
Japanese. Rut the Japanese artillery fire was so withering that the
Russians were unable to remain in
the trenches. That night the Jap-
miow artillery bombarded the Russian ccutre, preparing tlie way or
a general counter attack, which
field Marshal Oyama ordered for
Tuesday. The Japanese offensive
movement extended to their extreme
lelt, Gen. Oku's army became lor
the first time engaged. At nightfall
Tuesday the Japanese had forced
back the Russian right but the   ccn-
his centre     and right   armies made! tic held last, although a lew   popii-
sulislanlial gains.    Tlie keynote    of|tions had fallen into   tlie hands    of
the battle seems to he a counter nV
lack ordered by Oyama to offset Kuropatkin's blow at the Japanese
right. As soon as tbe weight <vf
this movement on tlie part oi the
Russians became apparent, the Jap.
i.iiese commander responded with an
iitiack in force     ou his   opponent's
the Japanese.
RUSSIANS IN RETREAT.
Tokio, Oct. 13.—It is reported
that (lie Russians are retiring along
tile entire front and that the' Russians at Pensihu arc probably cn-
vcIojmmI.    Eight more guns have been
right,   evidently with the hope    ol ''aptund by llie Japanese,
crumpling Kuropalkin's western col- M,i    Ma,sl1"1   "V"""1   recoiling
umns     back     and     diverting some '"""  th(' m Wednesday afternoon,
strength     from the Russian assault expresses   satisfaction at the    pro-
upon his own eastern position. Con- Kres-S "' ll,c operations and fighting
ternlng this Hanking movement, Ov- between the Tai Tse and Hun rivers
uinn roports that "If is progressingiThc ™"trc   •""'   riB1,t Mmies 'mAe
favorably toward Ihe attainment   „I substantial gams, while the lelt ar-
our llrst object " '">' WttS desperately struggling toon-
Oku reports    the capture of eight M°P thc llllssinn '#•    FicW Mto"
ndditioual guns, making it total   oi
thirty     thai    have fallen  into    the
.dial Oyama despatched two telegrams, thc first of whicli said "The
slate of affairs in the direction of
Mukden is as follows:
"On the morning ol Oct. Silt,   the
centre column ol the right army at 5
o'clock occupied Lokoutin  mountain
and the northern heights of Pachest-
The left column of the    right
if the Japanese.
PLENTY OP KILLING.
St. Petersburg, Oct. n.-(0.l0  p.
in.)—Private despatches sent       thc
night of Oct. 11, Irom the hcadtvuur-
jters ol lien. Bildcrtlng, whose corps	
occupies the Russian centre, describe.' unny occupied the northern Heights
itllc bloody and desperate character | „[ Shaotakou and continued to pur-
of the llgbllng along the railroad suc the enemy's central column. Lhc
north ol the Yell Tai Station, where right army succeeded in occupying
,on Monday    the Russians repeatedly      ,     ■ —— ■
jeharged tho Japanese trenches al the (Continued on Page 4.) LADYSMITH   LEDGER
LADYSMITH LEDGER
"t"     urn il.
.adysmith
prospect   in   Hossland,   who   invented ■ 	
the telephone or . I be incandescent j c.m ht. sccured ,br ■i>he.dtrk.a
globe, not io„nut such recent events purposes, limiting parties or ICtiier-
as the invention ot wireless telegra-  loiiinii'iits generally.
claims put in  for thc discovery of   q«i.   .
(be Klondike, or who first si ruck   ii ,-, ^a+.a   tt
Published   every day except Sun-  ,   :.  „ n—   .....      Upera  1JOLISC
mtj at The Ledger Building, corner j
ol First Avenue and French street,
Ladysmith, British Columbia, by the
Ladysmith Publishing Company.
SUBSCRIPTION!    RATES.
By   mail in   Canada and  United
States.
One year (in advance)  $3.00
Six months (in advance)      1.50
Delivered In the city (per mouth) .50      ^_^_^^_^_^^^^_^^__
ADVERTISING RATES. I*1"'" il dcoPs fm' ""•' ''""-' bei"E' il
Transient-Including   ,1)118111083 no-' wU! lisl' a»li" •"*"'" l',u'1' wh"" *""K   .,      .
tices, calls for tenders, applications [old fossel unchrlhs"the niiisly files of j r>n'">'PiP
phy. 11 was a very dangerous thing
to raise the question of who is the
oldest inhabitant In Spokane, for no
doubt the controversy will rage with,
unabated     vigor for weeks and even
for and transfer of licenses, legal
notices, etc., 10c a Hue first Insertion; 5c. a line each subsequent insertion; 12 lines measure to the
Inch.
D. NICHOLSON, Prop.
F. McB. YOUNG,
BARRISTER and
SOLICITOR'; . ..
B. C
Best atioimiiodaliou   for Iriuislent  and
permanent i*,.-..t. 1»-.-.= mi i lodgers
GRAND HOT1CL
Thifj now hotel line Lietui coioftTtiibly
furnishBil   ami Hi«. hut   in   uiHo-d te.
Kates $1 HO and n(nviu<l,
Wm. Biiviiitiooii, Prop.
Ivplantulrt. Ladyamllli
THE FRANK HOTEL
l^plflnadtt, Liidyfiuith
Hoard by the week or month at reason
ubleriiloB.   The lending bar in tbe city.
I Victoria Phoenix beer,
I    PRANK BABY, Prop.
Ihe present day ami starts, the ball ,
rolliug once     more.   We should  not
COMMERCIAL ADVERTISING.
Rates on application. Cuts for
regular use should he all metal.
Advertisements not Inserted for a
specified time will be charged for until paid and ordered to he discontinued.
All changes of advertisements must
be received   at   this   office on the j CUHAN
morning of the day of Issue.
Subscribers not receiving paper
regularly please report to this office.
All job work must he paid for on
delivery.
Transient advertisements must be
paid in advance.
than     Spokane  the  "Oldest Inhabi- I I (16     l/llj       IvIisFKCl
R. Williamson, Prop;,
1st Ave,     Ladysmith
n
tant'j could Hot assert his or
claim without raising many
ants to tlie title.
Gubsm Cigar Fasten?
Manufacturers of the FumoiiB
BLOSSOM
None but Do ion Labor employed.
HOTEL DOMINION
—liateB'fl.26 auUl.ofl—
i-'n 'O Iiuh tn nil Bteainboiit bindings ami
hillwnyfdopote,   Kleetrii! cars every live
minutes to all parte ol tho city.   liar
nnd tublb unexcelled.
F, BAYNI3S, Proprietor,
jADBOTT  ST.,   VANCOUVER, B.C.
The Variety Store
is tA venue.
ft will pay you lu ^o there (or tfousfl-
hold goods, or moBt anything.   A No gel
your Sewing Machine repaired. Oil and
M. ,T. 1100 PH,
Proprietor,; ucedlf-p tor muchinep,
NANAIMO, B. 0.
T. W. Fletcher.
SCHOOL HARDENS.
A suggestion of a very practical
nature has been made by ihe superintendent of King's County, Washington, that might, he copied in British
Columbia without it being considered a fad that adds to the cirriculurh
ot brain laden children It combines
all llie advantages of recreation,
physical culture and manual training
to a certain extent. This gentleman
has sent out lo the teachers under
ills charge a letter ottering prizes to
the schools most successful during
the year in beautifying their grounds
aud in this letler he says: "Nothing
in a school district better shows the
tone of the people than the condition
ot the school grounds. Nothing has
a better influence iflffm the pupils'
minds than a neat, tflstefiillj decorated M'bool room surrounded by beautiful grounds, The school grounds
may be made beautiful by rembvnig
all rubbish, grading, grounds, planting trees, laying out walks and putting up a good, substantial fence."
"Now here is a chance 'for the
children to take a live interest in
the surroundings of their schools.
Those of us who are old enough, remember the dingy old school rooms
of long ago, with their unpaiutcd
forms ami long desks spattered with
ink and cut into inumerahle patchwork decorations and initials cut by
the knives of the boys. Few of these
rooms had pictures on the walls;
there were no flowering plants in
the window to brighten things up;
therefore what wonder was it if the
hoys looked upon their schools more
as prisons than desirable places lo
go ou a dull Monday mornlngj Today
the Interior of the schools is a wonderful contrast; much has been done
to ma|t» the surroundings pleasant
and to smooth the path of learning.
With a bright, cheerful room nicely
fitted up, the child takes more of a
pride in the place and the sugges-:
tion that tlie youngsters should have
a personal interest in making the
grounds attractive is a good one.
The cultivation of a small plot of
flowers, keeping a bit of lawn nicely
tut and placing the paths in good
order is not a great task when divided among many, and it gives the
teachers an opportunity lo instil a
real love of nature by explaining
something of the growth of plant,
life in a practical maimer. The ideas
of order thus implanted would be
carried to tlie homes and the result
would be noted in the neater appearance of the home gardens and the
greater intelligence displayed in
placing plants and flowers tn beauti-
■ fy them. That would make neater
towns and give outsiders a'very good
impression of the place and ot Unpeople, The introduction of the plan
proposed in King County might well
be introduced into llritlsh Columbia.
iNOimiERN   PACIFIC   UY.   CO.
Corner Government and Yates streets
Victoria, B- C.
THREE    -
3-TRANSCONTINENTAL-3
TRAINS DAILY,
It You Arc Going to the
ST.   LOUIS   EXPOSITION,
Take  the    NORTHERN    PACIFIC
RY., either via St. Paul or Billings.
New Tourist  Cars  on  all   trains.
Fine connections made from Victoria
by night or  morning  boats.   Only
line  having   through  service  to  St.
Louis without change ot cars. Tickets on sale October 3; 'I and f>.
Fare to St. Louis and return,
Jli7.5U, good tor three, months, returning any line; also cheap round
trip rates to all points East, on account of the Fair. Parties going via
St. Paul to St. Louis or Eastern
points should not miss a ttip on the
famous "North  Coast Limited."
Steamship ticket:; on  sale  to   all
European   points.    Very   low   rates
now  in effect.    They   will   not hi f
Cabin    accommodation   reserved    !■
wire. -
For further    Information    call  oi
phone (No. -156)  to the office.
A. D. CHARLTON,     (\ E. LANG,
A.O.P.A.N.P.R.,       OenM   Agt.,
Portland, Or.        Victoria, B.C.
FARMERS'    MEAT  HARKET
Ou ist Avenue
Geo. Roberts   - » -   Proprietor
NEW WESTERN
HOTEL
A good Boarding House ami Hotel
where there are good tables and
beds.
SIRS. MARY DAVIS, Prop.
I'AINTINtJ,   PAPER   IIANOINO,
ETC.
Work done properly and at right
prices. .Shop and residence In Tear
of l.adysiiiilli  Hold.
- .1. ii. Smith, prop!
It riches are a curse,
As many tlo maintain.
1 should not he averse,
'I'u being quite profane!
HOTEL
LADYSMITH
RATUS-Jl.W)     per   day.     Finest
Wines, Liquors and Cigars.
First Avenue, Ladysmith, B. C.
1). C. WHITE,   Prop.
KINQ^S HOTEL
Fourth Avenue.
Hoard by flic day, week, or month
at right prices,    liar well supplied. '
JOSEPH AND TASSIN,
He sat with two young ladies IIi.mm,
.lust one more than enough;
For one young lady "was de trop,
The other was tie stuff.'
Esquimalt   &   Nanaimo   Railway
Time
KIT.
Hive April II, iflit|.
Trains leave Ladyemith, Sou   "ibu""<i <l"il-v "' ",=10 •'•
ill., ami ou Saturdays.
Sundays nnd Wednesdays at u :C0 p.
Trains leave Ladyemith, Northh    1ln'1, "'!' :" "''"' "'"'>' ^nrilnye, Sit
days and Wednesdays al li :IG p. m.
Excursion tickets on sale from and I, .v1,11 'f^<".< K"0'1 f"'
Saturday and Sunday, returning! nol later ll    ."" Uoot"lJ'-
Boinii purnoy
<mOI((ie 1.. COURTNEY,
Traffic Manager.
*++. + .■.++**
*****************\±D   ^*^**'++*.*~********
Coal!   -   Coal!1
Wellington Coiliery [
Company, J^d.
Wellington Coal   Best lVJuselloldco(1i on ike Pacific  i
Coast .    I
+ Comox Coat—Best s' „•„ i       .,    i.   -r  n   "i t
X  ., , .    „    .     ".team coal on  the Pacific Coast  I
+ Alexandria Coal- i?;,.„t , , , t
f ,  ,,      ,        -.First-class gas,  steam and house-
t i;„ Jf^r ^r°Ve   CoaIs   are  mined only  by  lite  Wei-
*   llUgtOn LollK-rv Cnm ,,„ .   T     1 VI
X fivsr*,- Ho u   J      u -pauy.     Wharves at Ladysmith,
t Oystei Harbour,- a^/fjnfoj, Bay Baynes Sound.
Head Office Victoria, B. C
._ San   Franclaco A«ei>cy.
H' D'ansmuir's Soi?» Co'y
340 Steuart St.
/t *********************.*+**t*****.******...******%
******
**+*****+■**++*++*+++**+■} ***** 1
r*********** ,***■**
How Many People In Ladysmith?
A canvass of the city is being made for
Any
Kind
of
Job
Printing
DonePromptlyanri
WELL
At
THE
'31
i' s'ubscnb' jrs to
ihc Daily Ledger. J.t has been suggested by some ' of the
less men that it would be of interest and valr 1C- to the
community to know how many ]icoplc live in I ,adysmith
and immediate vieiuity. 'this means all of tlie atonal residents within half a mile of the postoffice iu Ladys'mifh, exclusive of Chinese, j
Each subscriber to tlie Daily Ledger wil'l be banded a
card ami asked to write down' a guess   of  the ■number of
people our census, which will be l.ifccn with reasonable acj
[curacy will show.
.Envelopes will be given with the card. Write down your
guess, sign your name, put the card, tn the envelope aud seal
it lip; cither band it to the eu.av.isser or leave it at tbe
Ledger office. All guesses must, lie in during October; none
will be counted after tbat date.
The census will be computed! by the   1.5th of November.
The envelopes-will then be op
given:
The Salmond Estate is now on
the market
J. STEWART, Agent.
Ileal Estate, Conveyancino, Loans, etc.     NOIAHV I'llBUC.
Fibe, Life and Accident Insurance
Agent for the U.S. Fidelity and Guaranty ISo., Baltimore
***************+♦+♦-»+++» **+***********.*.*******.*** ***
:•* 'Aft ;\**-« *'4t*i-« Ki.:-n«ifi'<m<*iVr' 'fe* **
THE TYEE COPPER CO., Ltd.
PURCHASERS ANU SMELTERS OF COPPER, GOLD AND
SILVER ORES.
Smelting Works at
LADYSMITH, B. C.
Convenient to E. & N. Ry. or the Sen
CLERMONT LIVINGSTON, THOS, KIDDIE..       |
v General Manager. Smelfar Managsr. I
'1-Wi'icd and  the following prizes
f. To tbe person who :
gufjsses nearest to the exact number of people. Jiving within one-half'mile or tbe postoffice
(cxcl.iswe of Chinese) #20.00 in gold.
z. The person coming second nearest, $10.00 in gold.
3. The person coming third nearest, $5.00 in gold.
" <«" ox more persons tie for any place the money will
be divided.
This amtest will be absolutely lair.      No
way connected will
person 111 any
ormation or be allowed to compete.
1 tne canvass will eil her give out any
: 111-
TH ic OLDEST INHABITANT.
Tliey lire having (|iiitu it dlsoilBslon
in Spokane over the (juration us to
Who was the llrsl boy or girl born
in llie place; fin idler l|„. credit hail
heen given lo one young |ady, (here
lias arisen a whole erowd ot candidates lor the honor.   It is like   the
Office
1 On 1st Avenue
All  Work   Done al
Reasonable Rates.
5 aHnpanumani
DA ILY LEDGER CO.
RATKSJaoo PRR HAY
S.\MI'I,K ROOMS
ABBOTSFORD
1IAK SIII'IM.Mill WITH UliSf
wiHiis, ujjupBs, Cigars
fleet accomodation in io.-.n.   Splemliil hunting aud tlti.hinit in near vlcinily."
A, J. McMURTRIE, Proprietor LADYSiVllTH, B. C.'
I^W^^^^^^'^^^^'^^^^^.^.^.^^.^
Happy Home pofel
J. Dyer, Proprietor.
»:'i; »i,tt«fe»iti *''.', Wi-tiVctii'. *•'''. ^.v> <*
nMtJps* vmms* •».(« i i&xtms*1*!*™* 5
HE CfflDi BMK BF COMMERCE
W'irii which w a A,A,.„,Ui*rRn
Ihe Bank of British Columbia
IIEAIiOFF|(J^;TO|WNTO.
t'aiiilnl I'aiil Up,
Keel ....!!!;."""'.'*' "
Ag/r|rnle roHoureee erfinied ' "'
Hon. Uiio. A.tlo.v, President. t
61) Lombard 5t., fi.C.
((■II difitrilniteil Iliront'Jioiit llie Detrilntnp and
vvoon   '" ""''"'' Cloliimdln am I the Yukon Territory:
ORAKBROOK    KAMl'boi'M NANAIMO VANOOHVKR
DAWSON LAl'iVHMlNl NKLSON VIUIOItlA
', N. WEHTMINTKR      WHITE  HORSE
nisw y'oiiic   kan niA^fyT,]" ",n ""ilcd 'stoleB
Eyer, deeerlpilon ol.    ,^\     *W*W  , ™<WM,   ,il",i «'**
pin t nl the world. feting Mi(iaeffla t.niiinncUnI.   Letters nl credit nn any
 $8,700,0(11)
  3 000,000
 '. 88,000 000
London Office,   ,.. .      . B..Ki]V<i,kkb, General Manner.
elsewhere, including Iho following' r 'J llifill'ii,l|t'"1 throiits.
ATLIN QRRENWObl)    '" "nttHli Clolinnhiit nn
ISLAND   HOME   HOTEL
BATES A ICNiliHT, Proprietors.
First Avenue, - Ladysmith ~
Rest Hiipplied bar in Ladjemitli,, finest areonurioilslion for transientgueeteai
well as tor regular boarders. Completely remind nnd lurnieheil. liming room
ami lioiiHi'kenping In charge ol Mrs. Tsle.
::,i<m^m       notice,    ^-§alttmittlftl-§aatiam
I'he undernlaneil. Ilrm has opened a manufactory and are now making the celebrated Umpire Cigar.   Stock will he rundv for tbo in irkot about O:. 10th.
THE EMPIRE CIQAR CO.
"Ton„>,»r ,^ft»,Baiifc DeparlmeiH.
..    i..v...... ^   ',f''"'" ""'I uiiwnrdsieceiveil.ami Interest  .paid
M. .R SIMPSON
LADYSMITH BH^pt* ""''J"!'''" "'"'', '"y in ,1""nfii"';,B "r wUti^rawinic funds 1st Avcnile
Ai.QU _ _ 0E0   1VLULiAMS, Manager.
<3oli0|tor, Etc.
Winey  Ii  Lean
LADYSMITh
Or- W. J. Quinlan,
DENTIST
• Slevens llluck, Lailysmilb, B. O.
Dentistry in all its branche*
upplian .e.
J evuryimw . LADYSMITH LEDGER
MARCONI AND
THE WIRELESS1
The next great experiments to .he j
made by William   Marconi will   the.
LAin'S-iuTl'II AERIE NO. OMI -
Meets in the Opera House 1st and
3rd Tuesday at 7.30 p.m. Worthy
President, ' 'A: A. 'Davis; Worthy
Socrelary, (.'. Hi Ruininings.
UK    INVENTED GAS.
Frenchmen claim lo have the first
attempt to   find out what are    the inventor oi gas and of    the    public
difficulties to   be overcome in   tele- lighting of streets in I'icrrc Lebon,
graphing with Hertz, waves hall way
around the world! A ship, either
English or Italian, will he fitted up
with the * same kind of apparatus
which was used on the Carlo Alberto, and I'oldhu will do its best to
maintain communication with her.
At a lime    which is not yot   fully
Determined the ship will start   from
sonic Italian port, and proceed    toward New Zealand, which is on tho
.opposite    side   ot the   globe from
.Cornwall.    It Is almost ISO degrees
of longitude distant, and nearly
far   south of   the equator as Poldhu
is to the northward.    If the vessel
■which is soon to engage in this significant mission should continue    to
get even the faintest signals    when
she was in the vicinity of New Zealand, it would be safe to infer that
only a   trifling improvement would
he necessary would be necessary to
establish communication between any
two points on the earth.    If    distinctness utterly   failed before    the
end of the   voyage—say, in the Indian Ocean—It would be evident that
a greater increase in the capacity of
the generating station was required.
It should be added that one    set
ol observations will be devoted^,  to
testing thc power of the station   in
Cape Breton.    From Table    Head,
near Sydney, to Italy, the distance
is about three thousand miles—possibly more.    II the ship can once be-
<n receiving messages from    Amer-
ji     while she is In the Mediterranean
...„ , Mine when and the place    where
service   Krows unsatisfactory will tell
a story   u' additional Interest from a
practical   i10'"1 of vlcw''
Although Mr- Marconi has a'few applications l.'<"t Paints sim pen ling,
he feels that he *>w has at his disposal all the essentials ot effiricnt
work. Success is apparently only
a question ot.power behind the Hertz
wave generators. I low much is
needed can lie fold only by testing.
It cannot he safely computed. A
sensitive receiver,  the magnct-
niore ,^^^^_^^^^_^^^_^_
ic detector, is now used in tlie place
nl ihe oid coherer. On the Carlo
\llierlp both were tried, and each
.was connected at times with tho
Horse recorder and wilh the tele-
iie carplacc.
'•i£ those historic and illuinin-
't» two years ago and in the
■iccessful attempts to coin-
•Hsen Canada and Kng-
'er of 1(103-;), It was
, , ,, , , ,. "lit was not the
""j1"1 l '"' "f'b -ueiice to be evenly embarrassing in,.    .,e( Cftuses af_
Mill which
It   was
it idly
pli,,
Dun
ating tcs
partially
niunicitlc heft,
land .in the win.
ailed or overcome. Oti.
fected the distinctness
signals and messages came,
mainly to permit of a closer
of these that I\lr. Marconi retrai. T
from endeavoring to carry his trans-
allantic business projects into effect,
eighteen mouths ago. lie does not
believe that there has been any malicious interference with his    work,
A second niolivc for resuming tests
at Table, Head is to clear the way
lor a transoceanic service. Mr. Marconi will not fix a date for putting
it on a commercial basis, but he is
confident that the consummation is
near at hand. The great success of
Hie daily news despatches from Europe and America and America to
the Cunard steamships—a business
that was initiated a lew months ago
—leaves little doubt in his mind concerning that possibility.
An instrument called a Hertz, wave
metre, for ascertaining the frequency of the waves emitted from a distant generator, has been described
by the technical press recently. Mr.
Marconi says that his associate Dr.
Flemining, is one ol several men
who have been working at the idea.
The device should prove useful, he
thinks, but It is hardly an import-
.ant adjunct to the .equipment of a
station. Mr. Marconi is a little
sceptical about its utility in the
hands ol a person who wishes to
steal messages.
A United States naval officer was
reported to have said, a lew days
ago, that It was practical lor an
outsider not only to produce confusion by sending in impulses to a
receiving station, but'also to injure
part ol the apparatus. Mr. Marconi says that such a thing might
havo been possible with, the receiving Instruments in use five or six
years ago, hut not with the best
ones in   use today.
Congratulations having been offered
to Mr. Marconi over,the service rendered lo thc Japanese navy in the
war by his system ol communication, he remarked: "That is a
small matter. Fifty or a hundred
miles is a-mere nothing."
whose centenary is about to be eel.
cbrated in a worthy fashion by the
gasmen of France.
He had a remarkable career, and
although by no means poor "parents,
he suffered the martyrdom so common a feature among clever inventors.
At the age ol 23 he had brought
about improvements in thc steam engine which brought him in a reward
ol 2,000 livres.
Accident put him on tho track  of
gas while distilling sawdust to   examine the qualities of smoke.      On
passing   it   through water he found
his gas wonderfully ..purified, and   at
the same time came across tar.       |
He took his idea to Paris, where
In 1801 he erected a small plant   in
the gardens ol the Hotel Scignclay,;
Hue St.   Dominique,    St. Germain, j
constructing what he called a ther- J
molamp, and by its aid illuminating
the grounds, and erecting some luminous   fountains,    attracting    large
crowds In spite of the mephitic odor. |
He entered    into partnership with ]
an Englishman   for the. manufacture
oi tar in some woods near Havre,   j
Being invited to, the coronation ol
Napoleon at Notre Dame in 1804, he I
returned to Paris and witnessed the
ceremony. j
In the evening he returned home
through thc Champs Elysces, then a
lonely, deserted quarter. He was
found next morning stabbed in 13
places. His murderer was never:
discovered.
Whilst   most ol    the countries of,
Europe were using gas, Paris    had
to wait 20 years, the monopolists of
street lighting    offering a desperate
resistance to its introduction.
 o  I
|    RAILWAY SYSTEfl
SOLID THROUGH CARS
BBTW1BN
Chicago,   Buffalo
JIITQM, PHILADELPHIA
"Via Niagara Fulli."
/"w to BOSTON vta ta« important
biuutm centres of
CANADA and NBW BNQLAND
For time tablet, etc., aaVLeet -
OHO. W. VATJX,
AsBt. den. Fail, ft Ticket Aft., Ui
Adam* Street, Chicago.    ,
SPOKANE FALLS AND
NORTHERN RAILWAY 60,
I. E. HUBERT
Funaral Director
Special attention (riven lo calls night E
or day. I^mh; distance 'phone 124.
NANAIMO, Ii C.
41
■B"
W.G.Fraser
Merchant Tailor
(1st Avenue)
Pall Stock Just Arrived. Call early
and get your pick of the largest and best
stock in town.
BARBER   SHOP & BATH ROOMS.
The ESPLANADE,   between the
Grand and Abbottsford,
William Powers, Prop.
W. Mos.ib, Secretary. . John W. Coram.', Manager.
Telephone 46.
Ladysmith  Lumber Co.,  Ltd.
AT FIDDICK AND L-ADY SMITH-Shlngles a Specialty.
"~   — Manufacturers    ol—
Rough and Dressed Fir and Cedar Lumber, Laths,
Shingles, Mouldings, Etc , ofthe Best Quality.
Seasoned  aud  Kiln  Dried   Flooring and  Finishing Lumber always in Stock.
The
MILLS
CURED HIMSELF.
Dr. Ot II. Fisher, in charge ol thc
main Wabash hospilal at Little Orleans, Aid., has performed the unusual feat ot operating upon himself
for blood poisoning. For nearly a
week he had been suffering from a
violent infection of the left foot, and
at last it became alarming, extending as lar as the knee. With the as.
distance of his hospital nurses., Dr.
Fisher, whitliou taking an anaesthetic, cut from the instep lo tlie Iocs
down to the tendons and hone scraping and gouging among tlie diseased
(issues. He suffered great agony
for nearly hall an hour while the
operation continued and was exhausted at the close, fly his promptness
nnd thoroughness he is iu a fair,
way to save not only bis life, but
his leg and loot. j
—, 0 "•r^7,   .
sat.
LAST
We are among you and shall be
pleased to see all our friends at our
new store on First Avenue.
H.&W.
MEAT   MARKET
Union Brewing
NANAIMO, B. C.
Co,
flanufacturers of the_
BEST BEER
-In British Columbia
*+++4 •M*************
Lager Beer and] Porter Quaranteed|Brewed
from the Best Canadian Malt rnn Hops.
TEN DOLLARS REWARD.
The Union Brewing Company will pay $10 reward for information
which will lead to the arrest and conviction of any person or persons ■
destroying Union Brewing Company's kegs or bottles, or failing to return tbe fame.
#
Miners' Drilling Machines.
Made:to order end Repaired at short notio."    Drills sharpened by nt
xlwaypgive? satisfaction.    Picks handled and repaired.
Shipsmithing in all its Branches.
Horseshoers and General Blacksmiths.
David Murray
Buller Street -   -   -   - Ladysmith, B. C
SfefcSfc £&&&&*£&**&*£&&«!$
Hi
FRESH GROUND COFFEE
|25C, 35C, 40C, AND 50CPER LB.
HIS FIRST INITIAL,
Judge I), Cady Herrlclf; democratic candidate for governor of    New
Vork, was baptized plain Cady Hcr-
rick, the name having been selected
t his mother.      But  this did not
"J     ie    his     father,      The    latter
f,      .   t that Cady. might be sotlen-
V,.     *»Ue-awl liis child was    a
ed into . , ..„      ,,      ,
,,    .       .   % boy.    When  the    boy
big bouncin, ..    , .,     , ,'.
,, ,".,■■• ' years h s lather told
attained a few   .'        ' ,
- name D. Cody Her-
'Tlie D. will signify only the letter ftho al>,habct
for which it stands,
choose to think that it . .
name instead of a letter th *' ,mY'
but as for you, write your n.<u™ **■
Cady HerrickD. to please me aml
Cady to please your mother. Th.,B
we'll both he represented.
him to write hi
rick.    He said:
Hi
Hi
Hi
Hi
tii
iti
Hi
Hi
9\
GROUND WHILE YOU WAIT
BLAIR StKDKsM
CARLISLE    BLOCK
If    people
tands lor a
9\
9}
9*
9)
9)
9)
9)
I
9)
9}
9}
9}
9)
9\
9}
9\
9}
9}
9\
^'/VVWV>Ai\\»N*»**VV'»VVVVV*VV*VVV»*»'VWvV*»VW*»^»*VV
Carpenter, Builder, Contractor and General Jobber
.     CABINET-MAKING     ,
OBiT Awnings ex Specialty.
LADYSniTH, B.C.
^|^**r^A*AAA^MA^*^r*WV*V***V*V»A*/^^MAAAt**AAAAAAr*^V
LIVERY, BOARDING AND      1
SALES STABLES \
DAVID JOHNSON,     I
|   PHONE66 LADYSMITH, B.C. :
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
MORRISON'S    t
♦
Dalgcly, the newly selected capital
of Australia, is a hamlet of only
2(ill inhabitants The nearest railway station is 30 miles away.    -
'"Brave! Why, sir, that boy ol
mine is absolutely fearless!"
'■'■What has he done now? Thc last
stunt ol his was to cross the street
while three automobile horns were
warning the public to keep away."
"Oh, that wasn't anything   much".
Why   man,   he took part in a class
rush was hazed, and now he's    actually trying to get on thc lootball j a
team."—Cleveland Leader. I ™
o	
'  MR. SMITH'S MEETINGS.
October 13.—Duncans.
October 14.—Chemainus.
October 15.—Nanaimo.
October 17.—Ladysmith.
October 18.—Mt. Sicker.
October 19.—Oowicbau Station.
October 2(1.—Esquimau.
October ,21.—Vie. Dist, Royal Oak.
October. 22.-Vict. Dist., Gordon
Head.
.October 24,-Viet. Dist., Willows.
October 25.—Colquitz. Hall.
October 20.^Saanleh.
October 28.—Salt Spring,   Ganges^
Harbor,, >.
October,  28,-Sait. Spring,  Fulford
Hajrbor!,    .
i   Octoher 2tl—Oolwood.
Octoher 29.—Mctchosin.
I ^October 29.Sooke..
I   November I.—Ladysmith.
November 1.—Mt. Sicker.
November 2.—Cedar District, (afternoon.)   .
■ November 2.—Nanaimo (evening.)
W
Z        JUST RECEIVED
O     Fifty boxes hand packed
♦ = pies in Prime  Condition.
t DC Hng at
♦ O
2
ap-
Sel-
We Are Slaughtering
All our Choice Assortment of Beef,
Mutton, Porkand Veal ourselves and
can guarantee everything to be the
Nicest, Freshest and Cleanest on the
market	
PANNELL & PLASKETT
STEVENS BLOCK, QATACRE  STREET, LADYSfllTH, B.c
* LADYSMITH TRANSFER CO. x
PIANOS, ORGANS AND HOUSEHOLD FURNITUBE MOVED
PROMPTLY AND SAFELY 	
StnlilcHin itiir of Lndysinilli Hotel.   Lcnvti otriersatthe Abbottslord.
WILLIAMS AND WASKETT
[.25 per box.
ist Avenue    -   -   -   Ladysmith, B. C.
MORRISON'S    4.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦!
t\'i Delivered in Any Part of the City I
^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^,^,
0
z
III
*************************** ******************4******f
! KYNOCK& VULCAN SHELLS
I Are the BEST.   We have them.
BllOWNING AUTOMATIC SHOT GUN
Is a   PEACH.     We  have it.
SArAGE   A  WINCHESTER   RIFLES
EVERYBODY knows them. We have them
1
•I-
x
Every Afternoon
E.
PRICES ARE
RIOHT
ROLSTON
Ladysmith
The Daily Ledger!
50 Cents per  Month
*
I •*«;K«*»M;»Mt»H-»*:»H-:»*»*#*»*»*«*»:*»>i-«?H»si{»it-»^«*»*
SATISFACTION
QUARANTINED
*********+*******************************************)
j DAY SCHOOL.
: Usual subjects taught; also languages, drawing in pencil and crayons, painting In oils and water colors, pianoforte and vocal lessons,
given in classes or individually.
MISS BERTRAM.
1  Ladysmith, B. 0.
NOTICE
Messrs. Blair and Adam have secured the agency of the Chryital
Laundry Co. to Victoria. All parcels and orders left with them will
receive prompt and careful attention LADYSMITH, DAILY   LEDGER
WANTED-For Ladysmith a lady oi
gentleman to introduce our rapid
sellers; experience unnecessary;
rustler can make big money. Apply
quick, J. M. MacGregor Publishing
Co., Vancouver, B. C.
cul friend," as w.ell as the- -oilier
two items by Pierrot, called forth
much 'applause. Pierrette rendered
one or two banjo solos during thc
evening, which helped to vary an all
short programme. The last
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ item on the programme, "I'm Tak-
" " ing No Chances ol Missin' Ma
WANTED—Pupils to learn the 20th Heals," lost none ol its tmaintness
Century Short Hand System. Full in the rendering 'by the Pierrots,
course to' completion in six weeks. All the items, songs, monologues
For. particulars apply ami recitals were new in Victoria.
JAS. ROBERTSON, ;lt would lie hard indeed to put in
Abbotsfotd Uotcl,(Ladysmith.' an evening anywhere just now than
             '.''...;      ; with "The. Pierrots;"
SEE
BOARDER WANTEDM3eirtleman can j
obtain first-class hoard with' pri- [
vale family, Esplanade. Inuuirc at i
Ledger Office. j
The Cambridgeshire sweep is
on the 20th of October. Tickets
the drawing oh sale at J. Stewart's:
LOCAL HEMS
1  SPORTS  \
r"n, 4.+++t.n.<.+4.^.+.!.+.n.+++.|..n..l..1 T
°r'    ■     , TQ.PLAY NANAIMO.
A Rugby (earn goes (torn Lady,
smith, on Oct. 22, to play Nanaimo,
and to get into shape, players are
requested . to turn out lor practice
on Sunday morning.
James Dunsmuir came uu from Victoria on today's train.
Joseph Hunter, superintendent
the E. & N. railway, returned
Nictoria by this morning's train
SUNDAY'S GAME.
The next sporting event in the As-.
sociation   football game on Sunday,
ot  between Aerie, No. (186 of the Eagles
to againkt    Ladysmith.       The    Eagle
■    team will be chosen from J. Conlin,
 ■ • ('. Hewlett, J. Adam, J. Eno,    J.
Miss Rickaby, who has been    vis-; Molyneaux, W. Hilbert, E. Leahy, N
iting Miss Ransom,
couvcr today.
Maurice Davis, a well known Cariboo miner is spending a lew tlays
in Ladysmith.
Joseph Morton, travelling news
agent, is canvassing the city , for
subscriptions lor various publications
returned to Van- j A. Morrison, J. Gilles'sie M. Ccllc,
| E. Jones, C. J. Manuel. The game
starts at 2.30, and a collection will
on the grounds lor thc purpose of
purchasing goal nets, the association
having decided that nets must be
used this year.
 o	
LI  HUNG  CHANG'S  PROPHECY.
London, Oct. 12.—Thc Times    to-
AT THE ABBOTSFORD.
John Bryden, Victoria,.
C. S. Worstold, Westminster.
Thos. Spratt, Chcniaiuus.
The funeral of the late John James
Treloar, who died al Wellington,
on Tuesday, takes place at Wellington on Sunday afternoon instead, ul
Saturday as at Iirst intended.    ■
John Bryden, who was one ol the
Esquimalt ilclcgalcs to llie Duncan
convention arrived today on the
noun train. ,
Pannell & Plaskett today received
a car load of beet cattle Irom the
tipper country. This is tlilo first
car load ol bed cattle ever shipped
across on the Transfer to Ladysmith.
Mr. anil Mrs. Currie and Miss Eu-
plicmia Currie, oi Newmarket, Out.,
arc visiting Mr. and Mrs. Huggard,
of Ladysmith. Mr. Currie at the
last Dominion election opposed Hon.
Wm. Mtilot'h, postmaster general, iu
North York.
Herbert Carmicliacl, provincial as-
sayor, was in town yesterday on his
way to Nanaimo to examine the
quarries ot building stone, in this dis-
rict. The result of his investigations
is to be published iu a report on
building stone which be is preparing
tor thc government,
•H;»)K»;l{»;H»-K»;K»^»;K»^«;lt»;K
|     MARINE : 1
*.«H(«'*«;t-:»)i-»)l->;K«;r;,*;T,»;r:»'*»
The Japan is loading coal lor Co-
mox tor coking purposes.
... 4     .     .        .
Collier Wellington, which has just
gone inlu commission again is.. due.
this evening. 	
*  *   *
Steamer Oscar which has jlaccd
the Selkirk, now on the ways at
Victoria undergoing an overhauling,
leaves today lor Tacoma with a cargo ol matte Irom the Tyce smelter.
PIERROTS COMING.,
Tomorrow and Saturday eveninqs
the people of Ladysuiitb are lo be
given a treat by the appearance of
the Pierrots at thc Opera house. The
Pierrots are two English society entertainers who present a bright,
bree/.y show that has made a hit
wherever Pierrot and Pierrette have
appeared. Here is what the Victoria Times lias to say about them.'
"These two artists came to Vic-
turiu wilh a great reputation, and
last night's performance certainly
justifies their former press criticisms
Thc large ball room al. Ihe Dallas
hotel, lasUiully decorated, was packed to the doors with an enthusiastic
audience, and lo say thai everyone
was pleased is putting il very mildly; sufficient it is to observe thai
out ol a programme of twelve items'
eight called forth encores.
Amongst the favorite numbers were
"Pansy Faces," an extremely sweel
ballad, "The Waikikl Mermaid," the
latter a song of the Hawaiian Islands. ' These were readcred, as were
all Pierrette's other items, in such
sweet style that they simply cajltlj
vatcd the audience. "A Crusty (Md
Chap," a recital to. music, and "His
only Jake." another comicality, con-
viililcfl the audience with laughter,
whilst the sketch entitled "A t'leri-
day publishes the summary ol a letter alleged to have been written by
Li Hung Chang, shortly lielore his
death, predicting that little harm
would come from allowing the Russians to hold Manchuria, because it
would lead to war between Japan
and Russia, then China, by espouc-
ing the winning side, would be able
to recover Manchuria.
OBI WORSHIP.
Kingston, St. Lucia, Oct. 12.— A
barbarous superstition which prevails among a portion ol the people
of the West Indian Islands is tlie
basis ol a ghastly and extraordinary
crime that lias come to light in the
Island ot St. Lucia.    The finding ol
heart and hands ol a white child
In the possession of an Obiman (a
negro sorcerer), led to the discovery
that the child had lieen murdered and
tbe body mutilated in order that the
suspicious natives {might, through ipos
session ol pnrt ions ot the body, be
able to work spells.
A GOOD FELLOW.
An American who was travelling
in South Alrica in 1890, toward the
close ol the Matabelc troubles, recalls his llrst sight o! Earl Grey,
the new governor-general of Canada.
His Lordship," says tlie American,
referred to, "did not look a hit like
a helled earl. Though administrator, ot Rhodesia at the time he was
in his shirt sleeves, with a pair ol
obvious ready nude trousers and a
disreputable slouch hat. He and a
couple . ol friends were having a
drink at the bar ol the Buluwayo
club." Lord Grey, by the way, was
born in a royal residence. His lather was private secretary lo Queen
Victoria, and Lady Grey was stopping in St. James' palace at the
time.
TIDE OF BATTLE SETS
IN FAVOR OF OYAMA
(Continued from Page 1.)
Macrh mountain. The central army
beginning operations Irom midnight,
Oct. lltih, reached the heights extending from Saiichiatzu to Sankau-
shin mountain, on thc northwest and
is probably nursuing the enemy.
WORSE THAN LIAO YANG.
Mukden, Oct. 13.—The battle south
of this place continued throughout
throughout Wednesday with every
increasing, tury. In respect ol des-
pcrateness, bravery and bloods'iicd,
it far exceeds the liattlc ol Liao
Yang. Towards evening the Japanese repeatedly assumed the offensive
Thc tight continued today with jilt
abated fury and determination. It
is now the fourth day of lire battle
A DEATH STRUGGLE.     .
SI. Petersburg, Oct. 13.—(1.58 p
in.)—The Russian arid .laoancsc a.-,
inns bllow Uliil den, seemed "how to
he loeltd.in a.death .struggle for the
mastery. Field .Marshal Oyama is
(oiiuletliig (leu. Ki ni|iiLtkiii's tlrrust
nt the Japanese lightly an advance
ngaiiiftt Ihe Russian right. The siu-
iiation on a much larger scale re-,
scinhles that of Vatangow, where
Gen. Btakelhcrg in essaying to turn
the Capancsi!    right had his    own
Ire stretching Irom Yen Tai easti
ward, where Gefi. Nodzu.also attempted a desperate counter attack,
and where the fighting was the hottest, the Russians held their own.
The result at nightfall was a draw.
This is the latest work received by
the War bilicc Irom kuropatkin but
according to the despatch of the Associated Press from Mukden, the
Japanese resumed' the offensive again
this morning. ...No word has come regarding th! operations of the Russian turning movement on Oyama's
right on which the su6ccss of Kuropatkin's plan of battle seeniK to depend. The war office explaining
that reports ttoni this point had not
reached Kuropatkin, and in his despatch consequently Information is
is lacking of the operations at thc
very point where ail eyes, centre and
where the heavy blow was evidently
aimed.
UNDECIDED.
St. Petersburg, Oct. 13.- A despatch from a correspondent ol the
Associated Press dated Mukden, Oct.
12, morning, says, "The1 light opened at sunrise today when the sound
ol guns was heard [rom the south-.
Ward'. I "am leaving now for; tlie
front. The Russian troops on Tuesday occupied Yen Tai illation, hut
the Japanese continued to hold the
Yen Tai mines, though a furious
tight had been in progress.there all
day long. The Russians also .captured Bensihu after. severe lighting,
and thus found themselves in an Important position on ■ the Japanese
flank. ..'    -.
''There arc many contradictory reports ol the general result ol Tuesday's engagement afloat in Mukden,
and it is hard to arrive at an actual
conclusion. It is not even known,
on the whole, whether the Japanese
or the Russians are gaining the
most ground."
FIERCE CHARGES,
Field Headquarters of the Second
Japanese army, Oct. 11, (5 p.m.)—
Via Fusan, Oct. 13.—During thc
night the Japanese occupied the hills
held by the Russians on the right
and centre of tbe line, the Russians
falling back a distance o! miles.
The Japanese infantry advanced, within fifteen hundred yards of thc Russian lines at noon, and defeated the
Russians in a fierce counter attack,
almost annihilating , the. attacking
force who made three charges, T;he
Rirsirn artillery was not nilenced
dcsi'i!'^ i fircc shelling all day.:-
Nothing too
Good for
the Boys
REEFER COATS,
For strong boys ;?.r School —
English make hi Navy, at
Si.ag, $1.50, Sa, $2.J0, $3.
GIRLS' REEFERS
Made after ihe same stye as
the Boys', in Navy, English
make, at Sa,7s
Boys' Overcoats.
Is Irish Frieze and Fan-rry
Worsteds. All sizes. Latest
s yle, Military effect.
DRYSMU-"-
STEVENSON
Co, Ltd.
Y    Our Annual Stocktaking being now A
completed, we Must get rid of many ar-^
Winnipeg, Oct. 12.-A bold holdup occurred al Larlviere yesterday,
two men springing out Irom a lane
on J. H. Fargey & sons' cashier
with cash box, and making away
with the contents.
LADYSMITH
OPERA HOUSE
THE Plf RROTS
For Two Nights    Only.
tieles quiqkij. :;|a1fese!'.wiillvhe;,ofc|
fered at Greatly Reduced Prices in or.X
der to make room for our New   FAIXk
y GOODS consisting, .of. Dxzss ; Goods, X
Gents' KurnishingSvWjaoten Underwear
j^Whitewear, Hats, Caps,, Rubbers Boots
and Shoes, etc., etc., which have been
arriving
Simon Leiser&
Company,
Ltd.!
GATACRESTREET
LADYSMITH
*j*sx
SOCi.
iLiSTS START ■
THE CAMPAIGN
(Continued from'Page 1.)
deal to take a hundred and fifty millions from the peo'ple and give it to
a railway company. Mr.- Smith had
not opposed the employment ot Chinese on the Grand Trunk Pacific. Mr.
Hawthornlhwaitc hoped lielore thc
campaign was over to get on thc
platform with Mr. iSrniUi and tell
him what he knew ol him. He then
proceeded to criticize dioth Conservative aud Liberal parties, both representing capitalism. , <. i.isiii haul
the merits ol honesty, maintaining
thai the present system could not be
reformed; but'must bo'replaced by
Socialism! In conclusion the speaker
asked the workers to place Mr. Fen-
ton at the head of the poll.
Mr. Klngsley hoped that' Lady,
smith would have her' wharr by the
3rd ol November, and if' tliere was a
wagj slave in thc place who voted
lor either ol the other partlos—that'
man should go down to the end ol
the wharf and walk oft it into the
water. Taking up the wage proposition, Mr. Kingsle.y describcil every
man who worked lor another as'' a
wage slave. To illustrate his remarks he compared labor to any other commodity such as potatoes or
anything else. "Fish" suggested some
one.
"Yes, fish," replied the speaker.
"Except suckers; they arc given
away."
"Do you want any more?" asked
Mr. Klngsley, alter the shouts ol
laughter at this retort had ceased.
When thc labor market was overstocked no power on earth could
shove up thc price. The present government, in. fact all governments,
were thc executive expression of thc
capitalistic class, and had nothing
to do with the workingman; It was
not his government. Capital took
away from the workingman the surplus ol his labor and what was go-
ing on today iu politics -was the
fight among the capitalists to. get
I he, greatest quantity of this surplus
stolen Irom the worker. If labor had
the same sense as capital the workingman would put thc other parties
out of business in short order. He
believed that at least two mcml»?rs
would be: sent to Ottawa by the
worklngmcn this election, and at the
next election,he hoped to see Ilrit^
isli Columbia send every member a
Labor man. lie did not beg them to
vote lor Mr. Fcuton, but..he would
compel them lo do' n "'e were giv-
FR1DAY   AND   SATURDAY, OCT.
14 and 15.
In   their High .Class Entertainment
, Including Songs, Monologues, Rcci-
• talions and Music.   Bright, Amus-
, In'g   nnd    Delightful,    Introducing
many Novel features.
Doors open at 7.30. Performance at
8 o'clock Sharp.
Prices, 25, 35 and 50 cents.
BEST BATH
CITY-Ladysmith
High Street.
ROOMS IN THE
Shaving  Parlor,
♦♦♦♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦
I *
f    For $6.oo     J
We will give you a  genuine M
, 7-Jcvcl d   Wallham or Elgin «f
watch.    Should you like    to A
get a higher grade, wc  have 2
them all in dilferent  makes— ,
'in Gold, Silver and AIM
►    up to $100
Don't   miss to get one   ol
our Repeating Alarm Clocks.
' As long as they last
t
at $1.75
♦b.forcimmeft
a Watchmaker,     Jeweler    and
▼ Optician.
!
STEVKNS BLOCK,
Lndysmith, B. C.
♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦
TIE RIGHT PLACE
0.1 MATHESON,
HERCHANT TAYLOR
ist Ave. l_id> s.ii'.lh
OEORQE YUEN
Merchant Taylor
All kinds of clothing cleaned and
repaired.
Nowie your time-tu'st-i jour vioi'tr
supply of wood, we will dellvtryou I.-iu-
loot dry. wood, • which ie hjii ,1 lo time
:'ck9 ol 16 inch wood, tor J2M)
.1. M. LEIGH,
SEE
Harry Kay
for artistic Painting and Papcthang-
ing. Picture Framing.
FIRST AVENUE, Ladysmith.
PAINLESS   DENTISTRY
Dentistry in nil ita brunches*b Hue a*
can be done in tlm wot M, hih) iih-nhiiely
free from \\w SLiUHTfiST PAIN. Kx-
'.i-Hciine, lillint', filling of crowna »!i(l
bridges without pain or ditjconifor).
Examine work (tune at tlie \Vt>' Denial Parlors and compftre with nny )ou
have ever Kin «u<l ilnii jw'u for julir
■elf.
Painless, Artistic, and Reliable.
A UB THB WATCHWORDS OF OUR OFKIOK.
Yefl, we've it
'I ki, d-
ol   V
iu' n i-
(or tl
ieOon.i
i. i:y
Oo'.'i "I
'Mr."
',   , »n.i
l rarri
(Hill   Wl
ii i 1 'i.
—   k.'
Via ,
.In 11
. ,ir wii
tm h:
Vol   Ui
i in
it v'nn
i ii.i
Alll
,; ll ' ff i
1 hi   '
->i ch
We mi
• »»"■• 1
I'll, Im.i
lull u
Nil on it
coi" uliation and your tctifi cleaned I'KUK
lull - si, $7.50; silver fillings, i 1 up; gold lullinc,-),
?.' up; goK< crowus, $5 up. In Tact, nit operation-'
apreuBOtinhlensonrwatchword".-it uiitkeUte it.
Will be lu ladysmith, Frtd.-y, Au£.i.:th
and same date of each succeeding
month, and remain 3 days ual-....
HOME OE1-K It: j
The West Dental Pail 1. ,..at
TUB IMPERIAL BANK C IAMbERS,
Corner   Vit«s *und    Government   'Str c
Once hour., 811. ui. to 61). ui.; «tvi
inga, :.iui 71.18.E),  Ollii..»i. ;'.().
Take a Jap. East
;     '      OVER :iie.
Cu\.adl<1i. Pacific
AND'O'ET''
...YdHrR MONUY'S WOKTH.
REDUCED RATE 3
Tickets on Sale   October 3rd, 4th,
and 5th.
2 TRAINS-DAILY.
FINE ACCOMMODATION.
B, C. COt ST ^EnVIC-
SS. Princess Victoria sails daily
p.m. for S.i..ttle, and at 7.30
'a.m. for Vancouver.
j   Steamers for Skagway, West Coast
[and Northern B. C. ports.
BOOTS- AND SHOES AT RIGHT
PRICES. ' '
Repairing and making to order' a
speciality.
TH0HAS MCEWAN
1st Avenue, Ladysmith, B. 0.
*i
Get   your
Book Store,
,'luio! houke i i  Kuitrii 'b
right turned.    The Japanese asMiui- ,     . ,
cd the    offensive yesterday against;™,™0"** opportunity
the Russian right, forcing the latter
■ This was the last speaker and the
lo give ground?  BuYaloVthe'cen- mccli"S *mei abuut tal,-™st '»»«•
Seattle's Great
Papers
THB
dviiv
SIMIUY
TWICSAWEEH
II"
THE
POST-
INT£LU6ENCER
Sample Copies Free
Write fer One
ho
Dally PosMiitelllfcneer, 12 to 20 Pitts
Publlahes   the   fullest   Mtgrapblo
"JCf news from all parti of th* world.
UI All the state and loeal ntwa.   Daily
and Sunday edition, 75c par month.
Sunday Post-lnlelllfciicer, 40 to M Pttet
The largest and molt complete Bun*
t A ''"y PRPer uorlh "' B*» TraneUoo.
\ /  Special department!  of HUrature,
"      of fashion, of women's new*..  Sun-
clay edition, f 2.00 per year.       _
T* ee a Week Peot-lRtellUencer "
All the news of the week in conoln,
detailed form. THE TWICE A
WEEK EDITION IS TBI Bill
TWICE A WEEK PAPER POT-
LISRED ON THE PAOIPIO OOAM.!
Write for sample copy and be convinced. Subscription price, 11.00
per year.
All PoottiMttM Will Take SobacrlirttaM
P0ST-1NTEUI0 NCEU CO,, Seattle, Wttk.
fi. P. WESTON, Business Manager.
$1
Kulgliiy Hook Store la the place to
,el stationery, e \
Gtcellent toda wale   from Hie new
fountain at Jeeeop'o Dm-: s.ire.
Trunks
Valises,   Tele-cope Qt'ips, Deess
Suit Cases.   All Leather Goods.
Per
Ceiit Lowe, tti.ii
-fclsw, eie^—
2C
V.ittertirtbc Harness Starr,
R. BRYANT,    IJioofietoi*
V:i'tn«'' •  ' i • n|. N n iii/o.
NOTICE. '
Persons   found   using our
Bottle or Stoppers alter this
will be prosecuted.             '
RtlMMINQ BROS.
Pioneer Soda Water Winks.
Patent
notice,
Ladysmith, 1
B.C.
FIRE WOOD.
Shingle spalts, good icdar wood,
$2 a load, (cord, moro or less), delivered.   Leave orders at olflcc ol
t,AI)YSMirHLU.Vl3P< Jj.
I'

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