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The Ladysmith Daily Ledger Mar 31, 1905

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 <���������%  *   v<i  V>.  ^1  Lad YsniTH Daily  ,  ^fi*>-*.-J0Q5    Ki\  '-*-������������*"^������l!'-������'-  VOL. 2,  FRIDAY, MARCH 31,  1905.  TERRORISTS CONTINUE ACTION  The Police Fear That   Another  Tragedy May Take Place at J  Any Time  Thirty Persons are Condemned  to Death by Organization  ���������P RICE FIVE CENT  St. Petersburg, March 31.��������� '. he not familiar to him, and approached  authorities continue lo find cAi.u-r.ee .the supposed messenger with the ob-  of     terrorist activity in St. Peters- 'ject  of interrogating him.  Tho   man  tOOK ON THE MEUNOPE  IS KILLED  FELL INTO   ONE  OF  THEBCNKEBS  LAST NIGHT  SEAMAN    OF    SAME  SHIP IS BADLY  INJURED  ARE   STILL  burg and in spite of the precautions  of the police, another tragedy   may"  occur at any moment.   The fighting  organization is known to have on its  condemned list thirty, persons, headed  by Grand Duke Alexis and  Gov-  ernor*-General  TrepofT,   but' the     police, although they have arrested several    persons with bombs  in  their  possession and have taken many suspects  into custody, have  been  completely baffled in their efforts to disr  cover the invisible head which i.s directing     the campaign of teuorists.  /riie  police theory continues  to     be  that  the  central  organizations     of  these engaged in  the conspiracies aro  at Geneva and in Paris,  and '   that  the men" arrested in Russia are agents selected to execute the sentences.    When  arrested these agents   invariably are true to their oaths and  refuse to divulge" anything, no matter to what ordeal they are subjected. .  Yesterday the, police by chance  foiled what is believed' tp have been  a plot to kill Governor General Tre-  theieupoii grew  alarmed, .drew a re-  rested on Great Morskaia street probably was on the lookout -for - some  mark  by  which   to  distinguish  G-en-  poff.   According to the latest details ,cral Trepoff's carriage, as- several Ve->  of the     afliair, a man was observed  hides of the same style are constant  during the morning lounging at the    ly     before      the  Governor.general's  corner     of  Great  Morskaia  Street,  chaneellary, and when he drives   out  about a block away from  the      en-    they circle around and leave in dif-  trance  to  General  Trepoff's chancel-  ferent directions, so that is is   'ai-  lary.    The man attracted no at ten-   most impossible in the confusion   to  tion at first as he .wore the rca cap," determine    definitely which carriage  which is the distinctive mark of the  contains  thc  Governor-general.   It is  employees of the, messenger company   said  that Governor  Trepoff a  fort-  whose     messengers     stand at every  night ago received a letter informing  street corner.    But at last a police- | him  that this ruse  was  unavailing,  man noticed that the man's face was   as he  would  be killed in  his bed.  volver  and  fired  at  the" policeman,  but missed him.    Thc policeman then  overpowered his assailant and *  arrested'him.   , -.       ,  Almost at the same hour that the  bogus messenger was  being; arrested  on Great Morskaia street the police,  who have been keeping a sharp" lookout at thc Palace and lodging houses,  discovered  several  bombs  of the  terrorist  pattern ' in  a.trunk  belonging     to a stranger who occupied,.a  furnished room in a house on Pushkin street, but who was absent    at  the time the police searched  his apartments.   .The  man   was  promptly  taken into' custody when he retunied^  last  night.       Two individuals  who  called to sec him were also arrested.  All     the prisoners declined ,to give  any account of themselves. Although  the police are *reticent,  refusing    tc\  furnish any- information  or give.tlie  names of the prisoners, the. man ar-"j"rem'ember     exactly'what had ..taken  A man named Henderson, coolc on  the sailing ship Mclanopc fell from  the bunkers last night instantly killing himself.  It appears that Henderson, accompanied by a deck-hand named Simpson, had leave to go ashore last  evening and they were returning  about 12 o'clock to their ship , by  way of the bunkers. Both men are  supposed to have been the worse for  liquor, and Henderson must have  staggered over the bunker, which  was completely empty, and he fell a  distance of fully 30 fee liking the  iron bottom  with his        a.  His      companion   did   not sec  his  fall,  and although he missed, him, he  made no report  on  board  ship;      in  fact he did not return to the ship at  all last night, passing  the night   on  shore, although he does not     know  where.       The  absence  of   two   men  from the ship throughout the entire '  night     naturally  caused  alarm- and  this      morning  a seai'ch   was   made.  Simpson' was ��������� found, walking     about  the wharf, and he told the searchers  that Henderson had  probably  fallen  into a chute, but he was unable     to  STOESSEL  PORT ARTBUR'S'CIV  IL GOVERNOR IN  TERVEIWED,  STOESSEL     SHOULD  HAVE HELD OUT  LONGER  (Associated Press Despatches.)  Portland, Ore., March 31.���������A. Ver-  schinin, civi! governor of Port     a...  Ihur before..the surrender of (he fortress      to   ��������� the      Japanese,   passed  through  Portland  enroute from    -lie  Orient      to "Russia.   Mr.   Vpri.-.jir.  bitterly     resents     the surrender  .f  General Stoessel,  which, he   believes  could  have been postponed for    two  months  at  least. When asked    what  import attached  to these two months  the   former  Governor   replied    that  the^ surrender,  by   releasing  100,000  HE HAS CHOSEN   A  POOR TIME FOR  VISITING  SO MAIN Y EUROPEAN  POLITICIANS BE  LIEVE  (Associated Press Despatches.)  London, March 31,���������The editorial'  despatches printed in the London papers this morning all reflect a certain    sense     of   uneasinsss,    almost  EMPEROR'S AC-NO RAILWAY BONUS  TIONS * LIKELYTOBE GIVEN  It Now Seems Extremely Unlikely There will be a Rail=  way Policy  Except the One of Waiting Un-  til There is Something to  Give  Victoria,  March  31.,   (Special j-  The speech of Murphy, of Caribfco, af-  amoiinting   to irritation at the idea, I forded much amusement to the Mem-  based on Chancellor Von Buelow's  speech in the Reichstag, of March 24  that the Emperor's visit to Tangicrs  has a distinctly political motive.  The subject    was much commented  upon in the lobbies of the House yes-  bers as well as     to the galleri-s, in  his good-natured scoring of the Gov-  II- has b02n a very quiet session so  far. Quite likely some move will be  made next week to relieve the conditions regarding taxation of the E.  & N. belt   so that the C. P. R. deal  eminent. He touched up F. Carter M"3--7 neL be delayed as it Is felt that  Cotton, Tom Taylor, Mr. D. W. CJif- Vancouve*"Island in general would pro  lord, the    Minister of    Finance, and \Rt.^ihe change in ownership 0f the  Japanese and an immense amount of | icrday, "Russia's eclipse is Germa-  heavy -artillery, was undoubtedly responsible for the sanguinary defeat  of. the Russians at "Mukden. The  former governor has a poor opinion  of the ability of General Stoessel,  whom he rates as inferior, as a commander to several  Generals beneath  others, as well as Premier Mc'Bride,  but it was so good-naturedly done  that all snjoyed it. *  Evening sessions    commenced  last  him  in rank.    The two commanders  to whom Verschinin gives the credit  for resisting the Japanese during the  hang siege are Generals Smirnoff and  Kondratcnko. - -  uy's opportunity," crystalizes in a  sentence the general idea prevailing  on the subject.  It is suggested that Emperor William, far from desiring to irritate  Krancc wishes, rather, to emphasize  ihe diminished    value of the Russian I"1'' Verj\  -"V*?*   Thcamount ma7 ������e  PROSPECTS OF PEACE  AGAIN VANISH  Dr, Motono Denies That he Was  Authorized to Discuss Peace  Minister Delcasse  SAY PEACE IS IMPOSSIBLE.  ���������Paris, March 31.���������Whatever hopefulness the peace situation may have  had some days ago, the situation is  now completely changed and there is  every prospect that the war will  drag  on again.    Consequently     des  riient that 1 have conferred with M.  Delcasse at his residence is false and  calculated to confuse a situation  which is perfectly plain. There is no.  representative of Japan authorized  at this time to discuss peace, or foreshadow irr the slightest whit, cohdi-  patches appearing in America saying   tions the Japanese government'might  that Foreign  Minister Delcasse and  Dr:  Motono,   the  Japanese  minister  of France, have been conferring     at  the former's house relative  to peace  is inaccurate.   The foregoing view of  the situation is taken by the parties  immediately concerned and it is    asserted with the authority of the foreign office and thc Japanese legation.  The   Associated   Press  correspondent  has talked lengthily with Doctor Motono during  thc last few days, and  the situation heretofore set forth in  these despatches  reflected  the  view  of     Dr. Motono and others direii'.Iy  concerned,   although   with  the  usual  casual  reservation of not using   ,u ..  names.    However,  in  view  of     ,o:;-  tinued  reports that  there were indications  that Minister Delcasse     nvd  Dr.     Motono  were taking an active  part in the negotiations, the correspondent of the Associated Press called  at  the  Japanese  legation  today,  consider if the negotiations reached  a practical stage, on the contrary  Japan is now engaged in conducting  an active military campaign and she  will resolutely proceed in that work'  It can be added that the introduction of the foregoing despatch as  well as the portion quoted was submitted to Dr. Montono, who- approv-  ved every word.  FROM THE FRONT.  St.   Petersburg,  March   31.���������    The  news  from the front  today indicates  that Field Marshal   Oyama has   begun a genuine advance of his    lain  army with wings far extended.    Heavy leeonnaisanccs are being      n'ade  against the Russian centre   ������������������i'.r.  the  object of-developing  the Russian  pc-;  si tion.  WARNED TO KEEP QUIET.  St.   Petersburg^ March   31.���������    The  newspapers today are so significantly      silent about  the   peace   reports  and requested Dr. Motono to furnish 'from abroad that it leads to the* in-  ���������a decisive     statement  which   would   ; ference  that  they have been  warned  put     at rest "all misunderstandings,   by the government of tlie'inadvisa-bil-,  Accordingly,   the  Minister gave   the    i(,y     0f "   airing their views at this  Associated Press the following cate-   time.    Those papers which have been  gory statement: :favoring peace say-nothing, while the  "I tell you explicitly that there 'small section of the press which has  are no peace negotiations or. prelim-'been insisting on a continuation of  inaries for initiating peace ncgotia- ihe war contents itself with the re-  tions in progress at this time, so far production of articles from foreign  as lam aware, and I believe my in-'newspapers showing "that peace now  formation to be complete. I am not 'means the abandonment for ever of  desirous of discussing the general Russia's position on thc Pacific,  question of peace, for, owing to the j New York, March 31.���������Repeated  complete absence of negotiations, the announcements in regard to the  question      can      be  only academic,  place the-previous night. A thorough-search was then' made and resulted ..in the discovery of the cook  at thc bottom of one of ihe bunkers  quite dead.  The wharf officials immediately  despatched a messenger for thc police, and Constable Cassidy was soon  on the scene. In removing the body  of the dead seaman Simpson offered  his assistance, and in doing so slipped  through" the bunker and knocking his  head on the car rails below, causing  a nasty wound. He was removed to  the ship and properly attended to.  Henderson's body was carried to  the sack shell near the bufffier and  the doctor sent for. Dr* Frost made  an examination and found that thc  exposure of the dead body to the  rain and cold through the night had  stiffened the sinews of the neck, so,  without holding a post-mortem, it is  impossible to give the definite cause  of death, but apparently it was fracture  of the spinal  cord.  The deceased  was a man  33 years  of age and had been on the ship Mel-  anope  since  the  25tfi  of May,   1904.  He was  not  married,   was   a native  of  Edinburg,   Scotland,  and  was   a  scout in the .South African war. He  held medals for active scrvif-     He  was a general favorite on    the ship,  and      his  mess-mates  feel  his  loss  keenly.  News and particulars of ,'"*��������� affair were at\once forwarded to Coroner Davis of Nanaimo, who has decided not to hold an inquest. The  funeral arrangements are not yet  completed. At a late hour this, afternoon it is learned that Simpson,  the injured man, is getting on well.  TO EXTEND LINES.  Winnipeg,   Man.,   March  31.���������  Thc  Canadian Paciiic Railroad Company  announce     that the  Winnipeg beach  line  will  be extended   this year sixteen miles; and completed  to Icelandic river and  Gimli    35 milp<*    next   -7."~ - ���������..������-.,/w.������i. ���������������  >"������.  aim   whhu,   ,,o   miles,   ;MM    |-a|lgler  can , only   be  regarded.ag  season.  HANGED HIMSELF.  Buffalo/    N.Y.,   ' March  31.-Rev.  Moyes D.  Congdon,  a Methodist minister,     and a patient al the Buffalo  State Hospital, committee suicide by  hanging himself in his  room at the  institution  ear% today.    Mr.  Congdon was 67 years old, and had been  a sufferer from melancholy a    long  time.  PEASANTS'   DEMANDS.  -St. Petersburg, March . 31.���������Five  hundred peasants of thc district of  Vardzia, in the Caucuas, have surrounded the Greek monastery at  Vardzia and demand that it be handed over to them with the title deeds.   o   LUMBER   SEIZURE.  Winnipeg,  Man.,  March 31.���������Forest  Ranger Young has seized one million  feet of lumber cut in the Swan Riv  er-"district by portable mills.  HIGHWAYMAN  SENTENCED  without practical results.   The state-  Times correspondent at St. Petersburg, by information from what is  called a most responsible source,  that Russia and Japan have selected  President Roosevelt as mediator,  that negotiations arc already in progress and that the suspension of hostilities may shortly be expected.  After detailing reports as to     thc  negative      conditions   of  peace  laid  down by     Russia and set forth recently in despatches to the Associated  Press     the Times    correspondent |  adds:  "The selection of-President Roosevelt as  mediator,  which was  due  to  Japanese initiative, is regarded here  as evidence  of  excellent  discrimination.    The   Japanese   thereby   secure  a firm      friend,     who,  at 11k*  same  time, will make it a point of honor  to  bring negotiations  to a successful  close,  and who  therefore would    not  be  likely  to have accepted   the  difficult post of mediator if the Japanese  intended   to  present  exhorbitant  demands."  St; Petersburg, March 31.���������It is  officially announced that General  Karkevitch has been appointed General Lincvitch's chief of stall in  place of General Sakharoff, who has  been transferred to the Alexander  committee for the care of the wound  New York, March 31.���������John Murphy, who held up Mr. and Mrs. J.  W. Cornish in front of their home  on the Bronx about a. month ago and  roMied Mrs. Cornish of ,i $6,001) diamond brooch, was today sentenced to  prison for a term of fifteen years.  Recorder Gofi declared Murphy to  be an habitual criminal, which  means that if he ever leaves prison  alive the police may arrest him anywhere or any time they please,  whether they know he has committed a crime or not.  MINOT'S  LEDGE   LIGHT.  ed.    General      Stakelbcrg  has   also  proximity of peace   are confirmed. It   been appointed a member of the corn-  is  asserted in a despatch from      ���������   mitt'ee,  Minot's     Ledge  -Light    is   widely  cases of insanity, and numerous others in which     madness has been suspected and the men relieved from duty.   It  is     only  recently,    however,  have gone     crazy in it.   There have  been   no less     than live well-marked  famed  for the number  of men     who  that the cause of the phenomena has  i.ecn     discovered.   Inasmuch    as the  tower is     circular, every siquare inch  of door space is in demand, with the  result'  that all the articles of fumi-  sure in the place,   the tables against  the walls,   the benches, and even the  beds, are-made    in the shape of half-  moons.   Itis to this fact that mental  experts attribute     the prevalence of  insanity     within' thc light, for since  there is no point     on which the eye  mav rest it  travels round and round  in a maddening whirl.   These experts  'therefore, insist, that the curves must  be filled in     and the angles   created.  Otherwise     additional names will be  added to the long list of those whom  Father Neptune and his brother gods  have attempted to destroy. ���������Boston  Commercial Bulletin.  alliance, and thereby persuade France  of the advisability 'of a re-approach-  ment with     Germany. At   the same  time those   least inclined to cavil at  Ihe  German   ��������� Emperor's action, admit that he is     calculated to stitlcn  the Sultan's     resistance   to France'  policy in Morocco, and so retard the  civilizing scheme involved in the Anglo-French agreement.   In this light,  the    usually     moderate "Telegraph"  says"  that   the     Emperor's visit to  an  unfriendly act.  Other papers are inclined to doubt  tha wisdom of Emperor William's  policy, which they think is more lik-  ly to- result in strengthening the Anglo French entente. Much satisfaction  therefore is expressed at thc exchange of visits which is -baing arranged for the French and British  fleets, during; the coming summer.  The initiative in this demonstratiob  of friendship- is said to have been ta-  ken by the British Government, and  in Paris it soems to be hoped that  the visit of the British squadron to  Brest, of Coburg, will be the occasion also of a visit of King Edward  or some member of the royal family  to Paris. Nothing, howe\cr. has  been definitely arranged for in the  matter.  London, March 31���������The Associated  Press learns at the foreign office today that Chancellor Von Buelow's  nourrcemcrrt in thc Reichstag ysster-  day of Germany's policy toward Morocco came as a complete surprise to  the British government. It was believed, as had been generally declared, that Emperor William's visit  to Tangicrs was without political  significance.  When the Anglo-Frence entente was  concluded in 1904, France officially  informed Germany of the fact,  and also of agreement betwesn herself and Spain signed six montyhs later whereby France, was given a  mandate to regulate the affairs of  Morocco.  Reforms  iu    Morocco were imperatively   nec3ssary    for the good of all  powers interested in the country and  as a concert   of powers had provided  so difficult an undertaking in Turkey  China and     elsewhere,    where it had  been    tried it   was thc opinion of the  British    Government that one power  alone could    best exercise     pressure  upon     the     situation    of     Morocco.  Franco     being     far the deepest concerned financially    and commercially,  naturally was ��������� given the mandate to  constitute     reforms.   As    the     open  door was guaranteed and equal commercial     rights     ensured to all the  countries    concerned, and it was said  at the foreign     office that it is difficult to understand here what can be  Germany's  motive.   The  German  attitude, it is     lwlieved, will certainly  make the Sultan     of Morocco def-ant  of the French, and caysc him to persist in his old     time conduct, which  will be    destructive or trade and endanger life.  railway, and in no case can the'land  betaxed,,as Dunsmuir will not allow  the deal to go through unless the  matter is made     beyond question so  night, the, ������...    ������ th. tstimate   llt^Zl^ViX^" "*������  being  continued.      Ladysmith's   $1 -     t+ ,-/ i     ..       ,-,  , tianas.  en up all hope for obtaining a grant  Joi'     the     building of the     Coast-  Parliamerttwill,  it is now thought, ^     Md    ^   ������r iW������ 0ther  increased  passed.  " The" 'School bill is hung up for the  present."  j- , ��������� .t, I loads.    It is, however   e-pnpmllv ���������n  adjourn     next Friday or Saturday if  derstood bv   he member! th?+ ������  the debate on the ' estimates is not   will be oo aid ' *  drawn out too long.  I road.  given this year to any  GERMAN    EMPEROR'S TRIP  Tangier,-Mor.,  , March" 31.���������The  Hamburg-American     line'    steamer  Hamburg,  with the German Emperor on board, arrived here this morning from Lisbon.   His Majesty    was  welcomed on     landing by the repre-  sentatnes of the Sultan,  the diplomatic corps   and  a large  crowd -   of  people.    The  usual salutes  were exchanged   between  the escorting  German cruiser     Prinz Friedrick Karl,  and      the     land batteries  and  the  French   warships  Lenois  and  Ducha*  yla, now in those waters.  STORY     OF DEEP   DEVOTION.  In the coffin of Charles Dycmond,  85 j ars old, who died recently at  Winamac, Ind., were a golden cross  and a Knight Templar's sword, upon  which hangs a story of devotion to a  rrrother's     and a   father's promise.  Born in Kentucky, Dyemond's dying  mother, at his birth, pinned a golden  cross to her baby's clothing with a  boy should wear it from the cradle  promise from her husband that her  to the grave. Dyeniond's father died  twenty years ago in a mining camp  Nvada. Before he died he gave to  his son a Knight', Templar's sword  and said: "My boy, remember'mother's cross^ and mv promise. Here's  your father's sword. After your  death have a Masonic friend place it  in your burial casket."  MAKING READY  FOR THE RACES  New.  Westminster,  March 31.���������The  management of  the Dominion  Fair,  realizing the importance of having a  good programme    of horse races as  one of the attractions at the national exhibition  to be held here    from  September 27th to October 7th, have  decided   to  move  thc  main  building  back   100  feet,   which   wrll   overcome  the difficulty at present in the way  of     laying out a track suitabie for  the occasion.    With  tke big  building  out of the way it is hoped to  have  a half-mile track that will be one of  the best in Western Canada.  DEATH OF A DUCHESS.  I-  London,    March 31.���������The Dowager  Duchess of Abercorn  (who was Lou,  ise Jane     Russell,     daughter of thc  sixth Duke of Bedford) died todav or  gastritis at Coats   Castle,   Sussex,  AUSTRALIAN   CRICKETERS.  Winnipeg, Man., March 31.��������� The  Australian cricket team on their way,  to England left Fiji Islands this  morning and will reach Vancouver  April 12th, and Winnipeg April loth,  sailing from New York on the 19th.  The first match in-England is set for  May 4th. '.-������������������.'-"���������  ��������� o���������������������������^   ORDERS  TO  COLLIERS.  "Jones wasn't game at all."  "Did you shoot him under the impression that he was a deer?"   O :   "I see yer movin' out, boss," said  Weary Willie,  stopping to watch the  operation.    "Is     dere anything yer  don't need dat I might take?"  "Yes,"      snapped      Subbubs,      "a  bath."  Port Louis, Island of Mauritus,  : March 31.���������A report is current here  j to the effect that the colliers accom-  I parrying   the  Russian  squadron  com-  mancled by Admiral Rojestvensky,  ; wcre     ordered  to go to Hong Kong  by the  way of Batavia,  Island     of  ���������1 ava.  MET WITH  ACCIDENT.  WAS   ELIGIBLE.  New York. March 31.���������By a vote  of 25 fo 7 the Amateur Athletic Union's board of governors has decided that John R. Dewitt was eligible  Jack���������I hear your literary circle is  making a study of Shakespeare now.  May���������Yes.  Jack���������And     what do you think of  him?  May���������Oh,  all  the girls  think he's  just cute.   o   Falmouth,  Eug., March  31.��������� The  Atlantic      Transport      line  steamer  Manitou,  which  sailed  from  London  March 17th for New York, put back  here      today  with  her   thrust shaft  fractured.   o   FINDS DIAMOND  IN CHICKEN.  HISTORY  UNCONFIRMED.  Miss Marie Terry,  of Dexter,  Ky.,  found  in the gizzard  of  a chicken,  a  i valuable  diamond  ring  she  had  lost  '    ~" . , ' two     years  previously.    The Terry  Henry     Xignaud, first secretary of   f &cciAed {q ^ ^ ^  the American Embassy in Pans,_who   fam and  so,d many of their  fQW,s_  has made     a life study of the life of  Those remaining were killed and fro-  Columbus, has embodied h's rosear-b- -^  [or  wint(jr cating     Whjle     Migs  es in a volume which reveals the true  family of Columbus and says lhat  the two admirals with whom he  claimed kinship were as foreign to  him in blood as in nationality. The  book demonstrates     thnt of    all the  , Terry  was  preparing  a chicken     for  dinner  recently she  opened  the   gizzard and found her ring therein.   o   Interesting experiments were made  between Paris and London with     a  acts relating to the early life of Col- 'new  rapj(i   telegraphic  apparatus  re-  to represent  the New York Athletic [umbus> recorded     by Las Casas and   cently.    The  inventors,   Pollok    and  Club     at     the Olympic games,  St. I FerdinaniI     Gcdirrnbus.   not   one has   ViaTag>      claim   that the instrument  . -    r     h ������ iDeen confirmed     by modern research.   can   transmit 40,000  words  an hour  Louis,     last August.    This decision   |Am0ng the   legends proved to be im-   with (be help of six clerks. Themes-  gives  thc. New York  Athletic    Club  the     .Spalding trophy for the championship of thc world.  aginary is that of Columbus'far famed voyage to Thule and 100 leagues  beyond.  with  sages   ,-rrrive in  written,   instead  of  telegraphic characters.  k  I'.'-ll mm-m  ...   ���������t-  ���������i k nveallTU   I E^rFD   innation ot  lhe Uianeelloiship of thc  lAUlMVIIIn   lL\WLK|j.0>al UimeiMty    of Ireland, as well  ,   ,   ��������� . -.   o    a  ���������  ;as the Lieutenancy     of this countiy.  Published   every day except Sunday.  i ^^ mdu    ^ CUCUU,SUU1CCS  BY    THE    LADYSMITH      DAILY   in^cJUi v.'ill be    iega.rdc.cl as a \al-  ' rci excuse.   1 also desire to thank you  LEDGER1  COMPANY.   .  and French Street.  Office corner of First Avenue  SUBSCRIPTION PRICE  for the great kindness and consideration you ha\c ne.er failed to show  mc since the tunc you started me in  my diplomatic career, for having kept  the Italian Embassy so long open for  cl   for    innumerable    acts  of  A re You  Going1 East  Then be sure your tickets read   via  the  f0 cents  a  month;    $5  per  year   in   me,     and  j kind.,ess.   1 do     not    think you ever  advance.     Advertising rates on ap., Kmiv_  how  iuUL.h x llketl y(JU froin tIlc '  ,.    .. tunc von were a frail, thin little low-  phcation.  mi  FRIDAY, MARCH  31,   I-jO.*"..  -V SERVANT OF THE EMPIRE-  - Thc London Daily Emiccss contains  lhc lollowing review oi the recently  1)ubhshcd life of Lord Duljenn by  Sll Allied Lyall, which ������ill Le o.  special interest to Canadians in view  of thc debased statesman's connec- , ���������  Hon with lhc Dominion. I  Of all the statesmen of the Vicloi-I  ian era, Frederick, Lord Uuflcrin, ba- '  ron bv inheritance, carl by favor and .  mBr,,uis by uiw.l. should least ol all |  lack his inspired bard. 1-or his life is  a long record of s..ch harm and goodness that even his great public services pale befoie the beauty of Ins pn  vale chaiaclei. Especially is it desirable that his life story should be  told by one having authority, in thirl  its close was not amid that calm serenity uhich mortals, judging by  their own standards, would award to  tlie good and faithful servants, but  amid storms of soriow and misfoi-  liiiic. Tf Sir Alfred Lyall can scarcely claim to he the inspired hard, the  biography is inspired by true love  and veneration for its subject.  Lord Duller in stands out as an instance of the success in life which has  so often in our history followed upon the education of the ordinary, un*-  di-dimjiiishcil Etonian and Oxford  pass man I'oin lo assume thc duties of a landlord and legislator,  from his early youth he realized ln's ;  responsibilities, and learned to take  lhcm seriously. llis mother, a giand ,  daughter of Richard P.rindsley Shen-  dim, the statesman and playwright,  possessed in full measure the beauty  and talents of her family, both of  which she transmitted to, her only  child. Lord DulTcrin So young was  she at nis birth that to the end of ,  his life lie well remembered her coming of age.  Thc touching letters from mother  loson and son to mother" which Sir  Alfred Lyall quotes form some of the  most charmiiio- portions oT this hook.  They demonstrate not only the deep  malernal and filial affection hut ajso  a true friendship, perhaps chic to the  comparative nearness of their ages,  which it is much more raie to find  Oxford was succeeded first of all by  ii period of residence on his Irish estates, marked hy arr attempt to play  lhc agrarian reformer-, and afterward  by a period of residence in London,  during which young- Lord Duli'erin  gavehiniseif up for a time to the  distractions of society. The following record of a day is amusing.   .  "Saw Thackery shaving!. Brcak-  fastsd with the Bishop of Oxford!  Went clown to the House of Lords to  hear him speak, and was turned out  ofthe gallery by the usher. Talked for  some time with Gladstone. Had my  head examined and. was told that I  had ir0 political ambitions. Talked to  Shaman Crawford about tenant  right. Took a lesson in reel dancing."  Lord'Duflerin's entrance into public  life found him'first of all holding minor offices in successive Liberal administrations, including, if it may so.  be termed, the Coalition Ministry jf  Lord Aberdeen���������that of the Crimean  War. His great natural gifts of diplomatic tact and courtesy, however,  marked him for the paths of diplomacy, and his first chance in the career in which he afterwards distinguished himself when he .was appointed British representative on the  International Commission on Syrian  almii's in 1S59. His conduct o'f the  business was a brilliant, success, and  his personal popularity so great that  at his departure the French Commissioner, to whom he had been in constant opposition, kissed him on holh  checks.  The novernor-GeneralsHip of Canada followed in IS'72, nnd here agnin  Lord -"if-'c-rin distinguished himself as  none r-f bis - prcclrr-rssors had done.  Tie v.-;-*; the first, mnrcst-ntativc of thc  Ci-o���������n to mjy wil'. the people, to en-  1-"'"i.i lavishly, s-i.-i thus 1o give, to  Hon     a  real  and  er boy at Cookcsley's, even then  willing, as in\ tutor used to say,  such clc\cr essays. This is all 1  lia\c st length to say. Good-bye, and  God bless you. ���������Ever yours,  Dl'FFl-RIN AND AVA.  F-'O falls thc cm tain on one of the  gieatcst of Queen Vicloi ia'.s seivanl-s  and friends, a man of whom it may  be-.said, in the words of Kipling's  beautiTill lin:'  worked his     work and    held his  pi-a-o, and had no fear to die!  NOTICE.  Perseis found using our Patent  Bottle or Stoppers after this notice,  will be presecuted.  RUMMING BROS.  Pioneer Soda Water Works.  Ladysmith. B.C.  Under New Air najeir.ert  Hotel Wilson  Nanaimo, B.C.  Mc KinneU & Woodbank.  Proprietors.  Modern and     Strictly   First  Class.  Comincicial Mens'  hcadtjuirtjrs.  Fire I'roof     Building.  The Kings Hotel is the only place  in   Ladysmith    that  has  on   draught  John Labatt's India Pale Ale.   Call  around and sample it.  The  only   line now  making   UNION  DEPOT    connections at  ST. PAUL  !and     MINNEAPOLIS    with       the  ' through    trains    from    the    Pacific  Coast.  j    THE     SHORTEST     LINE, THE  FINEST   TRAINS,   THE   LOWEST  RATES,   THE  FASTEST TIME.  BETWEEN    -  MINNEAPOLIS,   ST.   PAUL,   CHICAGO,    OMAHA,    KANSAS CITY, j  and ALL POINTS EAST.  For complete  information ask your  local agent or write,  F. W. PARKER  General  Agent,  151 Yesler Way. Seattle.  HOTEL     LELAND.  (T. J. Wellman, Prop., Vancouver.)  One block from C.P.R. Depot and  steamboat wharves. Newly renovated and re-modelled. Rates $2 per  day. Corner Granville and Hastings  streets   Telephone, 1���������4.  IM Iii SMI  I  mmmaamm  SSS  Via the peoples' favorite  ������������������ Plans,  Specifications  and   De-  *��������� tails     furnisheil for all kinds  ������������������ of work, in the CARPENTER  ������������������ Line  ������������������ C.   B.   ROBELEE,   Carpenter  ������������������ and Joiner,      2nd ave, Lady-  ������������������ smith,  B.  C.  ���������  ������������������  ���������������  ������������  ���������������  ������������������  ���������*  ������������������  ���������  TICKET   OFFICE  ( or.   f!o\eminent      and   Yates  St;.,  \ ic.oria, B. C- -  Trains  Transcontinental  [rains   Laity  One of which is the famous "North  Coast Limited," Ride on it always.  Fp-to-datc Pullman and Tourist  Klec'j.eis en all trains. Thiough tickets issued to all paints East and  Sot th, also Pullman tickets issued  and  bejlbs resetted.  Only direct route to Yellow-stone  1-avic. Cheap rstcs 'from all points  Fast' fioaii March 1st to Mix'y loth.  Steamship tickets on sale to all  European points. Very low rates  i ow in effect. Cabin accommodation  reserved by wire.  For  further particulars call  at the'  oiii or rhonc No.  456:  A.  D* CARLTON, : C: E. LANG  A.G.P.A.,  N.P., General  Agent  Portland, Ore. Victoria,  B.C  'Ladysmith   Temple No. 5 Rathbonc  Sisters meets in the Oddfellow's hall  '2nd   and ������������������4th  Tuesday  at 7.30  p.  m.  Mrs.  Kale Tate, secretary.  WANTED���������House to rent. One situated near Ledger office preferred.  Apply  "K"  Ledger office. 2t  BARBER.   SHOP AND BATH ROOMS  The  ESPLANADE    between the  Grand and AbboUsford,  William Powers, Prop.  PAINTING,    PAPER    HANGING  I3TC.  Work done properly and at right  prices, Shop and residence in rear  ��������� if  Ladysmith  Hotel.  J.   E.   SMITH.  Prop  w.  \l*  iN  i ���������  1' ���������    ���������mrcrinl  e, ���������  vis''- h S'ignifc; r  '-.. 11 !< the     "\  ;���������  the      Fmliasvi ������������������  slaiil inoplc  e   111;   Si*-, ft'  :  I'ilin    :-;   ���������     ,  ���������vale:',   h: I  ii!:i-.i' :; ;.;'  dvc-1 .   Cr-  tl  ���������:��������� ' ��������� ally of Tndij*. nnd  ��������� f     St. Petc-rshcrg.  Fi.-mc and   Paris,   '  '���������   deal.    Lord   In!'"-���������  - -��������� l-.'-i, not like Ki a '.  'i  the Ccs-liy tssbl Is .  '.' i-coj 'c an.dig w- "������������������  in con: hi; ion   I   -. i'1  (jn-tf-  fir  ;    the da!-!-,  days before i.!-;  di-.-ifh  i.'.i-Ui  by Sir  Alfred  Lyall  villi  a. pathos Ji.hsolutc-ly touching) a very  beautiful letter to I <>i I Salishmyj  "CLuidehoyc    ' eh.   fllh,  1!'0'3.  Dear Lord Salishn:---,���������Being, as my  doctors seem     to s-y, on   my deathbed, J desire,      whil ��������� J  still have my  wits, to place in your hands my res-  Solic-itor,   Etc.  $sney   te   lean  1st Avenue     -    -    - LADYSMITh  Merchant  (ist Avenue)  Pall" Stock Just Arrived. Call early  ami gel younpick of the largest and best  slock in town.  LADYSMITH  AERIE     NO.  686. F.  0. E.     :���������:        :-:        :���������:        :���������i  Meets in the Opera  House 1st and  ,-$rcl  Tuesday  at 7.30  p.m.   Worthy  President, B   Forcimmer;      Worthy  Secretary, C. H.  Ruuimings.  HENHV'S NURSFRIES  NEW CROP-  HomeGrown 8c  Imported  GARDEN,    FIELD     and FLOWER  SEEDS  THOUSANDS OF FRUIT, &  ORNAMENTAL    TREES  RHODODENDRONS,  ROSES,  GREENHOUSE AND HARDY  PLANTS.  For Spring planting.    Eastern prices  or less.    Catalogue free.  3010 Westminster Road,  Vancouver.  The City Market  R. Williamson, Prop.,  1st Ave,      Ladysmith  The Ladysrnitti  Opera House  0   Overlands  lx      Daily  i  Passengers can leave Victoria daily  at 8 p. m. or 11 p. m..  TICKETS SOLI) TO ALL POINTS  Shortest,     route to    Fcmic, B. C,  and ALL KOOTKNAY POINTS.  For rates.      folders,   , sleeping car   flf:  reservations- ancl all information call  on or address  S. G. YERKES      ^      K. J. BURNS  G.W.P.A., 75 Government st  Seattle, Wash, Victoria, B.C.  Esquimalt  & Nanaimo Railway  Time Table No. 53,  TAKING   EFFECT  WEDNESDAY,  OCT.  5'i il.  Northbound SnutkboundNortnboi.ntl Sat. Sun. Southb'd  Lea\e Daily Arrive   Lsa\e     and  Wed. Arrive  A.M.    P. M. P. M.     P. M.  Victoria      8:0912:06  Victaria      3:00    7:00  Sbawaigan Lake   r ..  1������:2010:46 ShawMig,an Lal-e .... 4.20    5:40  Duacans    '11:0010:������2 Duncan     5:01   5:88  LadysiMith      ll:f?7  8:10 Ladysmith '. '.; 5:52'    4.M  Nanaimo   '   12:48  S:20 Nanaimo   ^"6.42    3:15  Ar.  Wellington' 12:63Lv 3:00 Ar Wellington .. 0:5i de LOi"  THROUGH TICKETS  TO   CROFTON.  Via Weathelm. Stage leaves daily eKtept Sundays, connecting with Nor*  and Sontb bouoc teams.  Double sta g# service Wednesdays and K-i.tiir������ays  ���������omecMng  wii*  meraamg  and aftetnoon trains.   Fate Irem Viotnda, Single J2.40.    Return, Met.   r =  THROUGH TICKBTF VICTORIA TO,ALBERNI.  Stage leaves-Nanaime Tuesdays  and Fridays on arrival of tr������*n from  Vioteria.    Fare  fr������a������  Victoria,   single $5,201    Return $8.������5., -  ..  keuraion rates ia affwt to all points,'good going Saturday and Sunday,  retiming net  later  tfran Meaclday.  ' *   '' , GBO.' L. COb'RTENAY.  Trflffic Manager.  *������'-^.5������^������^.-*n.*������^.*������-*^*������'������.'������^.^-*^.*������^-*������n,j  THE TYEE COPPER CO., Ltd,     I  !  Can be secured for Theatrical purposes, Dancing Parties, or Entertainments generally.  D   NICHOLSON, Prop  Che*rHe Dunn  Company  MERCHAN1 TAILORS  Charles rh-nn, of the above firm, v isits Ladysmith eveiy Sunday for the  purpose of taking measurements  and     sectpii cusloineis    personally,   ^lay  be seen  at the Hotels.     We guarantee all  s,pflc,an������l a perfect fit at   the  lowest possible rates.      Hand  made    suits  fnmi  i-15.^0 up.  49  Store  Street,  C������rner Gormor ant stiet-t,  VICTORIA,  B. C.  HAY, 0AT5, MILL FEEDS  GSQUiriALT & NANAiriO  RAILWAY CO.  SteamerJoan  Daily, except-Sunday, between Nanaimo and Vancouver, leaving Nanaimo at 7 a.m., and Vancouver after  arrival of C.P.R. timn No. 1 or 1  p.qi.  For information regarding ireight  and passenger rate** apply to purser  on board.  GEORGE  L.  COURTNEY,  Traffic Manager, Victoria, B. C.  i  t.  .i  #  9  *  9.  t.  PURCHASERS AND SMELTERS OF COPPER, GOLD AND  SILVER ORES.  Smelting Works at  LADYSMITH, B. C.  Convenient to E. & N. Ry. or tlie Sea  I  CLERMONT LIVINGSTON,  fimeial Manager.  THOS. KIDDIE.  Smelter Manager.  ���������>-fe#*i-*frfc**^'iw^'*������^"������ft'feo*i'<feft*!i=vn*^^  BOOTS AND SHOES AT RIGHT  PRICES.  Repairing  and  making  to order   a  ���������ipeciajity.  TM3 HAS MCEWAN  1st Avenue,   Ladysmith, B. C.  SHIPMENTS DIRECT FROM VICTORIA,      VANCOUVER    OR     THE  FRASER RIVER. WRITE US FOR QUOTATIONS.  Brackraan-Ker  Miiling Co., Ltd  LIVERY, BOARDING AND_  SALES STABLES  BXPRESS WORK   A SPECIALTY.  DAVID JOHNSON  * PHONE 66  *r  ^���������-^���������^���������^���������^���������^������������������^���������*e^������**������3*<������������--  o  *f  O  ��������� ft  ���������  .'������  LADYSJV5ITH ���������  WM, MUNS1E, .President A, W.   COBURN, Man.  Director  Tclephonf^G.  The   Ladysmith  Lumber Co   Ltd.  MILLS   AT   FIDDICK   AND  LADY SMITH-Shingles a Specialty.  ���������-Mauul������ctarer3     of���������  Rouj*h and Dressed Fir and Cedar Lumber, Laths,  Shingles, Mouldings, Etc., of the Best Quality.  Seasoned  and   Kiln  Dried  Flooring     and  Finishing     Lumber  ln    Stock.  THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE  WICH   WHICH IS AMALGAMATED  The Bank of British Columbia  HEAD OFFICE: TORONTO.  Capital Paid up    ���������    $8,700,000  Rest  : ���������     3,500,000  Aggregate  resources  exceeding , ... 91,000,000  Hon. Geo. A. Cox, President B.  E.  Walker,  General  Manager.  Xiondou Office. 60 Lomdard St* E- C*  The  bank has  11'.  branches      well distributed throughout the Dominion  and  elsewhere,  deluding the folio ving ia British Columbia and the Yukon  Territory- ***"���������  ATI. IN GREENWOOD       NANAIMO VANCOUVER  FERNIE. "     East End  i'RANl'ROOK KAMLOOPS NELSON VICTORIA  DAWSON LADYSMITH -N.  WESTMINSTER  WHITE HORSE.  Every  description  of hanking business transacted,   Lettors of credit  issued   on  any   part of the world. ���������' '���������������>������-������  Savings Bask DeraHmeP-t  Deposits of one dollar r "1.00) and upwards received and interest, allowed at  current     rates.     Depositors  are suDjected to no delay in depositing   or  withdrawing funds. !  LAD^FU'JTH BRANCH ��������� W.  A.  CORNWALL.  Manager.  '  ?L'iVim  rr^t r rvyyi  fTT������-rT*yT t'.-*> *t v *y -*r t >  DESIGNS  TRADE-MARKS  AND COPYRIGHTS  OBTAINED  ADVICE AS TO PATENTABILITY  i Notice in "Inventive Age"  Book "How to obtain Patents"  ' Oharget modcrat?.. No fee till patent is secured.  Letters strictly confidential.   Address,    .  . E. 0. S1GGER5, PntcrU lawyer, Washington, B.C.  UDIAINEU  FREE  World!  Don't be satisfied to work  along in the same old way  for low wages. We can  help you carve out a successful career. Thousands  have increased their salaries  by following our plan. We  can train you in spare time,  and at small cost, for any  of the  following positions:  fr.flcf-.anlcu!, Electrical, Steam, Civil, or  ���������   Kilning Engineer;   Electrician; Surveyor;  Jf    Architect; fl-st-tasti; Bookkeeper; Sten-  13   ���������Krec'iflr;   Tcschcr;   Sho������'-^rtl  Writer;  Window Crasser; or fid Writer.  Write TODAY, etntinK wl.leh position interoats you, to  CorrespoEdeace    Schools  Box 799. SCRANTON, PA.  on r.Att on pna f-ocil unrBESEiTiTivx.  "DAY SCHOOL.  Usual  subjects  taught;  also      Ian-,  guages,  drawing  in  pencil  and  crayons,  paint ng  in  oils and  water col  ors, pianoforte and vocal lessons given  in  classes or individually.  MISS  BERTRAM,  ladysmith, B. C.  W   SILRIt.  GEK-F.AL SXPRESSAND  PLLIVDRY  WORK PROMPTLY  H<    '  Leave orders at thr Abbotsford.  ���������**^h" mTCf*!-*;������������������ 'imp! ������"* -**" " *\ .'���������y V7-'*w*',,*������'"~r"^Ll'',"  GEORGL; YUtN  Merchant  Tailor  All kinds of ,clothing cleaned"aiid  i  ���������epaired. -  L   Vl^iA .Th  1 /KtkY  HOP LEE & CO.  ON THE. ESPLANADE.  PASTRY OK ALL KINDS NEATLY  BAKED AND FRESH.  BREAD FIVE CENTS PER LQAF  Confectionary of all kinds.  Order* taken lor Pastries to be de-,  livered at any time.  Employment Agency.  Best accommodation for transient  and permanent boarders and lodgers. - saie  GRAND.   HOTKL  REDUCTION iH PB(C������S &T  J.  J.    THOMAS'   Si������Ji<ri  ON  HIGH  STREET.  Everybody in Ladysmith knows we  carry a first class line of goods.  *���������* we must reduce cur stock ������������������*  ��������������������������� of Men's am' Boy's cloth ���������������������������  *���������* ing at once. Sanrord's *���������*  *���������* clothing is well known. We *������������������  ������������������* will give 25 per cent 'off. *���������*  *���������* on regular rates unti, fur- *������������������  ���������������������������*   ther notice  '. *���������*  CALL AND SEE US.  We carry STRAUSS' OVERALLS  hand made, guaranteed, and the celebrated BIG     HORN OVERALL oa  AT THOMAS'     STORE.  rMVf^vw tr<  Thj? new. I Jo fcl has beep ppnifurt-  ably fur-ii'shcd and the ��������� bar is up-to-  date,    Rales 'Jl.W aday    ainl     up-  wardB,... . .���������._...,;' .''/./-.', .  "WM. BEVERIDGE, Proi)_  Esplanade :���������: :-���������:;:���������::���������: Ladysmitli  EUROPE HOTEL  J. GIACHERO, Prop.  Newly   furnisked,    everything   the  best, finely stocked bar. Transient  rate, 51.00 per day. Monthly rate.  $23.00. r  First Avenue . . . Ladysmith, R. C.  THE JONES HOTEL  One Dollar Per Day.  Good' Table, Good Bed and Good Bar  (Hall Block from Depot 0  HIGH STREET, --- - LADYSMITH  Or- W.  DENTIST  Stevens Block. LadyHiniih, B. C.  Dentistry in all ite i>rabt-he:-;.erery new  flppH.iof-e.      .".'.'-.  RATES $2.oo PER DAY  3 AMPI,E ROOMS  BAR .Sliri'WEDAVITH BES  WINES, l,IQUOKS, CIGARS   '  Best accomodation in town.   Splendid hunting and fishing in near-vicinity.'  A J. McMURTRIE, Proprietor LADYSMITH, B.C.  WW3������JK3SW5S������W������%*SS**^S*������%%Srv  Seattle's Great  Papers  riis  DAILY  SUNDAY  TWICE A WEEK  "P.I."  THE  PCST-  IPTTSLLISENCER  Samiile Cop'.ss Frse  Write ?6r>ins  75(-  n  i  i  'A  1  **i;%%^*^:-';ss%r*v**;>^xss-\'**-.>\s"\rv'*.*ii  DaiEy IHtsr-iiitfilHisnG-sr, f? fc-?0 Fa'cs  Publishes the fullest telegraphic  nev/s from all parts of the 77orld.  All the state and local news. Dni!j  and Sunday edition, 7Bo per monO������  Sunday Pcst-InleHi^em-er, .(0 U 5S l'?������zb  The largest and most complete Sru*.  day paper. north of  San  Fran������l3ix>.  Special   departmentg   of   literotpj-*,  of fashion, of women'tr ne**-a,    Sunday edition, #2.Q0 par year.  Twice a Week P������8t-5nt9;!!2^jiGcr  All the news of the "weslt tn i:rt;ici������a,  detailed forra. THE TV:": VS. A  "WSEK EDITIOiV 13 T7l.il ;r--JST  TWICE A WEEK VAIEB "XT3-  LISHED 033* THE PAaiPIC COAST  "Write for sample copy and "oa uoja-  vlnced. Subscription prlc*, $1.06  per year.  i  $i  -i-<������������.v!������i"^<*.i>."*;  AH Postmasters Will Take go8Scr;-itioB3  'pyST-^STi.WiO'rflUE"' C0,r Sc������ft!e, Wash.  .-:.  ".   V/FISTOM,  B-.rdnesg Mnnag-er. S  'A  '  M  vvJ LADYSMITH||LEDGER  BORORO INDIANS.  Ha**r   the   Bora    of   -Thla   Brasilia*  Tribe* Get Their Names.  In an interesting article on tbe aborigines of Brazil in tbe current Southern Workman tbe method of naming  boys Is thus described:  Tbe ceremony of initiation Into the  rights and privileges of citizenship in  tbe Bororo tribe is interesting. The little bronze body of tbe baby boy is  more or less daubed witb gum or pitch  and plated with white feathers; then  early in tbe morning before tbe rising  of tbe sun the family and friends and  , the priest or conjurer betake them-  - selves to an eminence near the village.  And as tbe sun,' tbe supreme "power,  sweeps majestically upward from behind the eastern wilderness tlie conjurer bores the lower'Up of tbe embryo warrior with an instrument made  especially for tbe occasion and beautifully decorated with brilliant feathers  and at tbe same time whispers "Pladu-  du" (humming bird) or tbe name of  some other animal or object tbat the  child la ,to bear.  "Piadudu," softly re- i  peat tbe family and friends ln turn,  and thus Piadudu. a favorite name, becomes tbe name of tbe little one. They  are very jealous of tbeir names and  will not" make tbem known to aliens.  In order to become a citizen of the tribe  a person of alien birth would bare to  reside with it for some time and be  Initiated much as tbe child Is. v '  Ladysmitli north to Union,  75 miles J facilities,,    but not until these  or more.    Sufficient "of them are de-   provided can they ship out roie  yeloped and improved to insure a  long lease of'life to the, mir.es and  their extensions are now being operated. For instance, the Extension  Mines, 11 miles from Ladysmith,  from which the highest grade coal  for domestic purposes on the Pacific  coast is shipped, is known by borings  and general prospecting to extend  near-to the city of Lad) smith. As  representing this industry it might  be mentioned that the coal shipped  from the Island, to date, amounts to  19,940,587 tons, with avalie of $6������,-  203,285, ane; 149,556 ton*? of ce e,  with a value of J947.780, a total cf  $61,151,065.- ,  |        ,      !  are tory���������Placer mining claims generally  for   are 100 ft. square,  treatment.     Another     mineral    sec- ! newable yearly. On  cioa' is at  the  Campbell  river   upon i  what is known aa the reserve of the j  entry fec$5, re-  the North Saskat  I'-hewan River claims are either bar  or bench, the former being'100 feet  long and extending between high and  E.' & N. grant. The total value of j]ow watcr mark. The latter includes  the 'mineral product to date for Van-:bar diggings, but extends back to the  couver Islaad and vicinity is given }base of the hill or hank, but not ex-  by tbe Provincial Mineralogist, Mr. Is,  W. F.  Robertson, as  275,322 tons of  a value ������r $4,378,370.  '��������� o���������  ' Pottery Clay.  - The clay found    - in tbe Extension  Mines is .regularly"shipped  to     Victoria; to. the pottery works for    the  manufacture of sewer pipes and pottery: of various, kinds.  ;' " ,     O       -  Stone. and Lime.  Magnifcent building- stone is found  .at Various points., .The, quarry at  Duncan;' lying contiguous to the E.  & N. i railroad, furnishes high class  building stone that should be in demand .where heavy stone work is required, : while lime quarries - also exist oa the liae of the railroad. Good  brick,clay is found in Nauoose- bar-  secured,   and  now  hold, |'bor! above Nanaimo,   and    limestone  on the line of the railroad, near    or  at Esquimalt Harbor.  abandoned,  and     open  to occupation  and entry by a free miner.  The boundaries of a claim may   be  defined absolutely by having a survey  made and publishing notices  in   the  YuKon official Gazette. r  Petroleum���������All unappropriated Dominion lands in Manitoba, thc Northwest Territories, and within the Yukon Territory, are open to prospecting for petroleum, and the Minister  may reserve for an individual or company having machinery on the land  to be prospected, an area of 1920 ac-  two leases of five miles each for if?8 f������r s"ch I,erio,d as he m^ decide-  the length of width shall not exceei  1;  TEA A WEEK OLD.  The "Real Good Ola Pest aa������ Halls"  of Australia.  The tea drinkers of Australia rival  those of China and JapVn, not, however, ln the quality, but in the quantity,  consumed.    The men especially  drink tbe beverage in large quantities  and ail day long and at a strength  which would make tbe cue of a tea  drinking Chinaman cur).    On Sunday  morning the tea drinker starts with a  clean pot and a clean record.   The pot  Is bung over the fire, witb a sufficiency  of water ln it for the day's brew, and  when this -is boiled he pours into it *  enough of the fragrant herb to produce ,  a deep coffee colored- liquid.  *" On Monday, without removing yester- I  ��������� day's tea leaves, he repeats the process,  on   Tuesday   the   same,   likewise   on  I Wednesday, and so tin through tbe  week. Toward tbe close of the seven  days the pot is filled with an acrid  mash of tea leaves, out of which the  tea is squeezed by the pressure of a  tin cup. By this time the tea is the  color of rusty iron, incredibly bitter  hnd disagreeable to the uneducated  palate. Tbe natives call It "real good  old post and rails,"- tbe simile being obviously drawn from a stiff and dangerous jump, and regard it as having been  brought to perfection. '  -  THE ROMAN ARENAS.  Timber,  (b.) The value of the immense timber resources of Vancouver Island,  with its high class Douglass fir, cedar etc., has already been realized by  tlie great lumber companies. The Victoria Lumber Company, of Chemainus, lias among its members shrewd  Wisconsin and Michigan lumber kings  who   have  hundreds of millions of feet of splendid  timber and are continually     increasing  thsir holdings.    Their     export trade now running from 39,600,-  000 to 50,000,000     of feet per year  will no doubt be largely increased by  ������<- - . ".���������.���������������������������ning 0f wo,rk on the Panama'  | canal, for the demand, which will be  sup-Jicd' largely from this section for  j timber to u������3 on the great work, will,  arroitnt to hundreds of millions     of  feet.     Other    companies,  Shawnigan  Lake.   Haslarn  and ��������� other companies  are turning out large quantities    of  lumber and shingles.  1 "Harbors and Waterways:  (c.)    Harbors  and waterways     in  connsction- with  Vancomer Island is  a subject understood much tetter by  n:en who "go down to sea"    than  landsmen.   But opposite to the mainland and direct across from Vancouver,      Oyster   Harbor  or  Ladysmitk  Bay,  has long been. known as a safe  and commodious harbor'.   It is     one  where large wharves are already established in connection .with .the coal  export trade     and with the freight  business,, as the point' of transfer by  the C.P.R. for the Island freight. Jn  connection with  this matter it     is  worthy of remark that for the last  three years the transfer barge     has  made its daily trip and has rarely, is  i;T*>������7 Were not Mere Klaa-a, aa Theaa  | of the Modern Clrcaa.  . The arenas of ancient Rome'were  not, as some people .suppose, mere  ;rings or ovals, such, as- may be seen  In tbe modern circus. Tbey were  .broken up and varied ln character according to the nature of the fighting  to be done or to the caprices of those  )q authority. On one occasion an arena  might resemble tbe Numidian "desert,  on another the garden of Hesperldes,  ^thlck set with groves of trees and ris-  lngymounds, while again it pictured the  great rocks and caves of Thrace,   ; '[  With  these   surroundings .the co-a-  batants advanced, retreated, encircled  their adversaries or kept wild beasts  .at bay as occasion offered or as their  courage or fear suggested.    Men combated not only witb tbe more common  brutes, but witb such monsters as elephants,   rhinoceroses,   hippopotamuses  and   crocodiles.    On   other   occasions  > flocks of game, such as deer and war  .ostriches, were abandoned to the multitude, and ln  some cases the arenas  . could be turned into lakes, filled witb  i monsters of the deep, and upon the sur-  '- face of which naval engagements took  >' place.  ev������r, been delayed on account of bad  is abundant in certain sections. Deer  weather  or     unfavorable conditions,  ^ otaer four-footed game is found  parts of the Island.       Ducks,  - Water Power.  Of water power,,   some very large  and permanent    streams are    found  with natural falls, some again   can  without great expense be developed.  It seems safe te assume that great  water   newer    can be secured, comparatively cheap,  at  various    points  on Vancouver Island.   Particularly is  this", the case iu the northern - part  of the Island.  ���������e���������  *' Agricultural Wealth.  Agricultural development on Vancouver . Island must be very great  in the immediate future. Tracts of  land, will'each year be cleared and  put into crops if railway facilities  are given to certain sections that  now find valuable farm* lands too far  from markets. Included in farming  stock raising is becoming a marked  feature in Island development.  High I   _, ���������. .      .      ,  grades of     cattle are being    raised I   Placer Mm,nS m thc Xuko������ Terri"  freni inportcd. stock, and the butter  and cheese ef Vancouver Island    is  now well known for its high grade.  Hunting' and Fishing.  The' big game of Vancouver  Island  has not been hunted extensively and  and has never met with an accident  Nanaimo Harbor, Departure Bay,  Chamainus and other safe harbors are  found along the coast! Near the  north end of the island safe harbors  are found that may yet be used * as  last ports of call for steamers leaving Victoria. for the Orient, fast  trains connecting from Ladysmith  landing, or conveying tor-passengers  and mails.  Fisheries.  The waters of Vancouver .Island  teem with fish. I-Isrring in vast quantities visit; our shores. A profitable  trade in fisheries which includes, off  our more northern shores, haliba* and  other deep sea fish, is being built up  and is capable of much greater development.  ���������o���������  Th* "Word "Jlarlklaha.-*'  ������������������   The word jinrikisba comes from three  Japanese roots, jin-rikl-sba,  meaning  'respectively man, power, carriage, but  J it is^not of Japanese origin.   So recent-  ',; ly as 1870 the inconvenience of tbe  j slow,  lumbering two  wheeled; carts  turned the thoughts of Bnglisb residents to the ease witb which the hardy  natives could propel a lightly'constructed vehicle, and one was invented, some  say by a missionary, others by a newspaperproprietor's son. Ever since then  the heavy parts have been entirely dispensed witi*.  The Japaaeae Idea of Bra-rer-f.  There i������ a t-me when death is inuch  easier for a man than to fulfill ills duty,  and if--fie dies just for the sake of  death be cannot execute the duty tbat  Is assigned him. True bravery Jo not  in throwing away one's life or courting j juba,  death, but In doing one's duty at tbe  hazard of one's life. You must not forget that.���������From "A Daughter of Japan," by Marui Gensal.  Mining.  In connection with the mineral developments of the Island, it must be  understood that only during the past  five years has any attempt at metal  mining been ma.de on a large scale.  On the west coast of the Island,.beginning at East Sook, mineral has  been found and small shipments  made' from San Juan, Port Renfrew, i  Alberni, Uchueklesit, Clayoquoit, j  Kennedy Lake, Taferno Inlet, (Dee*  Creek), Bedweel Sound, (Bear River) j Trout River; Clayoquoit Sound,  Sidney Inlet, Ahousett, Ahatlasett,  Nootka, Kyuquot: and Quatsino,  while in the middle of the Island at  Central lake a large deposit of mineral has recently been discovered.  The schist beds lying to the south  of the coal measures and commonly  known as the Mt. Sicker schist belt,  extends from Mt. Sicker up to the  Nanaimo Lakes which, has been opened and worked at seven points, a  distance of 40 miles: Namely, -M%.  Sicker, Mt. Brenton, Chemainus, Ma-  Rhinehardt,      Nanaimo Lakes,  in all parts of the Island,  geese, , pheasants,  grouse and quail  are to bs found in season in    numbers that gladden the heart of    the  hunter..    With .the development   tliat  will  result .from  the  extension     of  the lines of the B. & N.     Railway,  North Vancouver Island will increase.  its wealth many fold.   Alines  will be  opened and other natural sources   of  wealth     now valueless,     will,  with  transportation,- soon prove to      the  world that as a whole there is    no  other part of the rich Province     of  British Columbia     that  can     equal  Vancouver Island.  SYNOPSIS OF REGULATIONS  FOR DISPOSAL OF MINERALS.  ON DOMINION LANDS IN MANITOBA THE "NORTHWKST TERi  RlTORIES AND THE YUKON  TERRITORY. ,  Coal���������Coal lands may be purchased  at $16 per acre for soft coal and $20  for anthracite!  -Not more than 320  '  acres can he acquired by one individ-.'  RESOURCE OF VAN  CO UVE H ISL.A3SD  Vancouver     Island  offers   as  good  chances to the_farmer, prospector or  investor as does any part of British  [Columbia.    It is not easy to find a  r section     of country that ia exactly  i right in all respects.  It is, perhaps,  [impossible to find such a couiitry, but  | for      a fair  chance to  make  a home  Lwith  comfortable surroundings     the  [ section of country along the line of  [the Esquimajt and Nanainip Railway  lis well worth considering.    A few of  [the  most  prominent   oi   the   island's  'productions  and     natural  resoTces  LoBly are mentioned in this article.  Coal Deposits,  (a.)   First among the natural    re-  lources are tho great coal measures  [and Englishmans River. Owing to  the fact that the land, is heavily  timbered, prospecting is necessarily  slow and expensive, great importance must be attached to the cutting of trails inland from the railroad. As the result of such a trail,  three years ago, from Ladysmith 6  miles out, several mineral locations  have been made in that vicinity, including the Majuba, and extending  west to the Rhinehardt and Nanai-  Lakes property. It would appear  to be oi the first importance to cut  trails in order to open up the country to the .prospector. The opening  up of this mineral belt and the;devel  opment of the mineral claim.s      w������H 'at Jl.OQ an acfe  ual or company. Royalty at the rate  of: tea cents per ton of 2.00Q pounds  shall be collected on the gipss put-.  put. .. .  Quart!*-���������Persons of eighteen years  and oyer and joint stock companies  holding free miners' certificates may  obtain witry for a mining location.  A free nu^ei 'a certificate is granted  for one or mqre years, not exceeding  five years, upon payment in advance  $7.59 per annum for an individual,  and from J50 to $100 per annum for  a company.according  to capital-  A free .miner, having discovered  mineral in place, may locate a claim  1,500x1,100 feet by marking out. the  same witb two legal posts, bearing  location- notices, one at each end on  the line of thelddo or vein.  The claim shall be recorded  fifteen : days if located within    ten  miles of a mining recorder's office, one,  additional day allowed for every additional ten miles or  fraction.   The  fee for recording a claim is $5.  At least $100 must be expended  on the claim "each year or paid to  the mining recorder in lieu thereof.  When $600 has been expended or paid  the locator may, upqn having a survey made, and upon complying with  otfipr requirement's, purchase the -and  ceeding 1,000 feet. Where steam power is used, claims 200 feet wide may  be obtained.  Dredging in the rivers of Manitoba  and thc N.W.T., excepting the Yukon  '. erritory���������A free miner may obtain  c nly  a term of twenty years, renewable in  thc disc retion of the Minister . of the  Inierioi.  The 1 jssee's right is confined to the  submei^ed bed     or bars of the river  below  low  water mark,  and  subject  to the rights of all persons who have,  or who may reoene,  entries for bar  diggings or  lien h claims, except on  the Saskatchewan   River,   where   the  lessee may drcgcio to high water mark  on each alternate leasehold.  'lhc lessee shall have a dredge in  operation within one season from the  date of the lease for each five miles,  but where a person or company has  obtained more than one lease one  dredge for each fifteen miles or fraction is sufficient. Rental, $10 per  annum for each mile of river leased.  Royalty at tha rate of 2J per cent,  collected on the output after it exceeds $10,000.  Dredging in the Yukon Territory-  Six leases of five miles each may be  granted to a free miner for a term of  twenty years, also renewable.  The lessec-s right is confined to the  submerged bed or bars in the river  below low water mark, that boundary to be. fixed by its position on the  lstday of August in the year of the  the date of the lease.  The lessee shall have one dredge in  operation within two years from thc  date of the lease, "and one dredge for  each five miles within six years from  such date. Rental, $100 per mile for  first year and $10 per mile for  each subsequent year. Royalty, 6ame  as placer mining.  j   Placei  tory���������Creek, gulch, river and hill  claims shall not exceed 250 feet in  length, measured oh the base line or  general direction of the creek or gulch  the width being from 1,000 to 2,000  feet. All other placer claims shall be  250 feet square.  Claims arc marked by^ two legal  posts, one at each end, bearing notices. Entry must be obtained within ten miles of mining Recorder's office. One extra day allowed for each  'additional ten miles or fraction. ,  Thc person or company staking    a  claim must bald a free miner's osrti  ficate.  The discoverer of a new mine is entitled    to    a claim    of 1,000 feet in  length, and  if the party consists of  two, 1,500 feet altogether, on the out  put of which  no royalty shall       be i  chargen, the rest of the party ordinary claims  only. j  Entry fee, $18.   Royalty at lhe rate  of two and one-half per cent, on the  alue of the gold shipped from     the  ifukon Territory to be paid to     the  Comptroller.                                              ���������  No free miner shall receive a grant  of more than one mining claim      on  each separate river, creek or gulch,  but the same miner may hold     any  number of claims by purchase,     and  free miners may work their claims in  partnership by filing notice and payings fee of $2.00     A claim may    be  abandoned and another obtained     on  the same creek, gulch or river by giving notice and paying a fee.  Work must be done on a claim each  year to the v&lue of at least $200.  A certificate that work has been  done must be obttined each year; if  not, the claim .-! dll be deemed to   be  thrse times  the breadth.  Should the prospector discover oil  in payiig quantities, and satisfactorily establish such discovery, an area  not exceeding C40 acres, including the  oil well will be sold to the prospector at the ratcof*$1.00 per acre and  the remainder of the tract reserved,  namely, 1,280 acres will be sold  at the rate of three dollars an  .acic, subject to royalty at such rate  as may be specified by- order-in-coun-  cil.  JAS.   A.  SMART.  Deputy  Minister  of   lhc  Interior.  Department  of the Interior,  PITHER & LEISER  Importers and wholesale dealers in WINES, LIQUORS, CIGARS  ETC.     Large stock always���������All    the leading "wands.    We supply the  principaf   hotels and Saloons in   Ladysmith.  ORDERS SOLICITED.  PITHER & LEISER, VICTORIA, B. C  ���������tSSenaan-BpnannnnnnaSHaBai  I  4*  ������  Union  Brewing  NANAIMO,  B. C.  rianufacturers of the.  i  Any  Kind  of  Job  Printing  Done Promptly and  WELL  At  THE  LEDGER  Office  On Ist  Avenue  i  British Columbia  *������'**"J "I1** 'Ii'l,'I",t,,'i*,I,'I,,I,,I''Tl.',,i,il,'JrT*,,������r  I  i  Lager Beer and Porter Guaranteed Brewed  from the;Best Canadian Malt rnn Hops.  TEN DOLLARS REWARD.  The Union Brewing Company will pay |i0 reward for information  which will lead to^the arreet and^conviction any pereon or persona  destroying Union Brewing Company's kegs or bottles, or failing to return the same.  **  i  z  ������������������**##'*������#*���������������**###���������'������������������������������ V-  *> V -> -J> V  ���������9?*������*������***������*?*������*?*������*������*?*v9*-t9*������**  Miners' Drilling Machines,  Made to order and Rppaired at abort notic-.      Dn ��������� Sharp.mh.'  al*vayfjjive������ sariefaction.     Picks bandied and repaired.  Sriipsrriitriing  in all its  Branches.  Horseshoers and General Blacksmiths.  David Murray  Buller Street  -    -   -   -  Ladysmith, b  WE   NEVER  SLEEP  BUT ARE ALWAYS ON THE LOOKOUT FOR THE BEST MEATS  IN THE MARKETS.  WE ARE NOW BRINGING OUR CATTLE FROM EAST OF THE  ROCKIES. YOU WILL GET THE BEST IF YOU BUY FROM US.  PAN NELL   &   PLASKETT  STFVENS BLOCK,  GATACRE  STREET,)  LADYSfllTH, B 1  All  Work  i; *������ .i ab le  Done at  Rates  ^���������^���������������������������-^eJiCe^n^e^e^^^e^e^,  ^���������^���������^���������*������^������^������^*������^<������^*������^*������^*������  f Delivered in Any Part of. tu City  EveryAfternoon  ���������x  ���������������������������������������>  LADYSMITK TRANSFER CO.  *������,  PIANOS, ORGANS AND HOUSEHOLD   FURNITURE   MOVED  PROMPTLY AND SAFELY  Stables ia'reat of Ladysmith Hotel.   Leave orders at the AbboUsford.  WILLIAMS   AND   WASKETT  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������  Daily Ledger |  !*������  within   e  *  SO  Cents  per   Month  #*4.>*4.'#*^.*4i0^e**He^e*f:e*^������-*������fe-^ e*e*re**e-*!*e*"e**���������*'���������-*?���������*��������� * ���������  follow the construction of a branch  road, and the route from Mt. Sicker  and Mt! Brenton up tl}e Chemainus.  valley appears the most feasible as  it would follow along the line of the  claims mentioned to the Nanaimo  Lakes, on to and including Alberni.  It is stated that the Nanaimo  Lakes properties have large showings of ore and would undoubtedly  make producing mines with railroad  Permission" may be granted hy the  Minister .of,    the Interior to  locate  claims containing iron and mica, also  copper, in the Yukon territory, of an  area not exceeding 160 acres.  The patent for a mining location  shall provide for the payment of a  Royalty of 2J per cant, of thc sales  of the products of the location.  placer    Mining****-Maii4tqba and the  N.W.T., excepting tlie Yukqn Terri-  H. W. SAUSAGE  (THE ONLY  KIND)  BLACK PUDDING  H.&W.  FIRST AVENUE.    BUTCHERS  High Grade  The satisfaction of dealing with a"  high    grade firm ol established reputation, whose name stands for some-J  thing     definite   and substantial is ajj  most     important consideration when"|  purchasing      FURNITURE,    CARP-f  PETS,    CURTAINS,  ART  GOODS,!  SILVERWARE,   CHINA,   CUTLER-  RY, GLASSWA, etc.  Large illustrated catalog ue and price list free for asking.  VKCT0 93IA.B.C.|  ' ��������������������������� I,, ���������afi|ilr<il,i,itllliili,iir^a-IJVrillf-TinTfTm '^WMWWS^^  LADYSMITH       DAILY    LEDGER  _s~  t  LOGfU  A SNAP���������A good Engl.oh Piano by  a first-class  maker  in  p rf   t  order  For  $100.00.  A Mason and  Hamlin  Organ for $125.00.        Apply  A. F.  OWEN,  Piano  Tuner Abbotsford I-Iote.  FOR SALE.  One cosey-corncr,  one dress-makers  cutting table, and 'sign.  Miss Olson, While Street.  Mr.  R.   Carmichael  went down  to  Vicloria iliis moining.  Twculy-eighf.     men came up fiom  Victoiia today to work on  the    '  v.-  LensicHi-Liiclysririlli  line.   The *, ,-ik is  is  being pushed  along  as  rapidly   as  ���������.possible ....-,  ���������. ;���������_o���������;���������-���������-  Mrs. Adam, of Nanaimo, mother of  Mr.  J.   Adam of this city,  has  left,  on a trip  to the Old  Country.    Mrs.  Adam   will   visit  Scotland   and   England.  Mr.      Green   and ���������   two   assistants  came up from Victoria this morning  to  put   the smelter  stud's   in   place  for starting up again.   The company  have  been   disappointed  about      the,  machinery ordered some months ago,  and   can   not   install   the   hot   blast  until, perhaps, the fore part of May.'  The smelter will  start up about  thc |  12th. for a run of a few weeks, after  wliich it will close, down while     the  hot blast is installed.  employ of Smith.    lie said he    was  'working on'the exterior of the house  from 8 o'clock until  12 o'clock    yesterday  morning.    While at  woik     he  had seen Smith,      also he had seen  Mrs. Docile.   He remembered Smith  coining!    to the house at 11 o'clock,  arid  he  was   there  off, and   on until  bouse.  He went in. to open  the win-  housef He went in to o])e>i "the -window     so'that he ,(Hcndcison) could  finish  the painting.    lie was  obliged  to gb inside lo open the.window. He  remained in the house from three to  five minutes.    Witness only  saw  defendant in  '!ic house"when he opened  the wii,wow.    He was within four  or  five   leet.of the kitchen door and ..he  ui     not bear any screaming at all  lie, cei lainly would  have heard    the  screaming-had ���������there been ariy.  The magistrate inquired of the  complainant'\y,liat. the size of the  kitchen was. She was unable to  give.the exact measurement, but Mr.  A. 0. Knight, contractor, who was  in the court room, stated that thc  kitchen'was a room 12x1.2 and the  bake-shop 10x20.  Mr. Simpson, then asked for an'adjournment until 2 o'clock this afternoon in order that the plans of the  building could bo -secured. Ho also  asked for bail which was granted in  the sum of $20(1, which Smith read-  Court, met at 2 p.m. and adjourned until 7 this evening. . Commont on  a case thus thus brought, 'before it-  is concluded, is not, peimissable.. If  will be -noted that the bail .ealhxl foi:  was only '$200, and Was quickly secured.'-  April magazines     now  Knight's Book Store.   o   on sale at  INPOLIGE  COURT TODAY  Serious Charge   Brought    A-  gainst a Ladysmith  Resident  Joseph E. Smith, painter and fuv-  chief, was charged before^ Mr. Ceo.  Thomson J.P., this morning with  criminally assaulting Mrs. Doeik\  the wife of Mr. Chas. Docile, baker  on Rdberts street.- Mr. ..Russell Simp  son appeared for the defence. 'J'hc.*.  magistrate rca'd over the charge and  the accused pleaded "not guilty."  Tbe complainant,  Mrs.  Docile, was  the first     witness called,  and gave  evidence as follows:  '���������'���������Mr.'.Smith     came into my house  at 11 o'clock yesterday morning and  asked me to come into  the bedroom  I told him to go into  tbe bedroom  himself.   I then went down from  the  .store  to  the bake-house,  when     ho  took hold of me,  (witness here gave  further   particulars   which   are  omitted)        "I started  to  scream,  upon  which Ire left the store.  He handled  mc .very roughly,  and   I ordered  him  away."  Witness further stated  that al the  time her husband was out delivering  bread, and; returned at 12.10,   when  witness told him exactly  what    had  happened.  Mr. Simpson in cross-examining  witness, asked: "Have you and your  husband bad any trouble with Smith?  Witness: "No sir."  Mr. 'Simpson: "Did you not yesterday morning make him a proposition to buy his property for four  hundred dollars?"  Witness sa'M that she asked Smith  if he had.his property for sale. He  -had told her that he did not want to  sell it. In answer to further questions, witness said the above conversation had taken place about half  an hoiir before the alleged assault.  She-was in the kitchen at the lime  Smith. entered the house. After lit";  had asked her. to go to the bedroom  and she had refused, she proceeded to  the store to give change to a child.  She was returning when defendant  met her. He said nothing more to  her, but grabbed hold of her.- When  she screamed be ran from the house.  At the. lime this happened a man  named Henderson was painting 1 he*  outside of the bouse. She thought  he was about ten or fifteen l't-c-1 from  where she svns. She-, thought he would  not have beard her scream, lie was  busy working and she. was in the  h"-hil  of calling lo  '.he childicn.  Smith c-a.tiu-  lo paint  tlu; outside of  I In- house,  I>nt  be had no  work to do  THE  GENTLER  SEX:  ...   .        ���������o���������.  When      does  a girl  cease  to be  a  iilVl   .....    . '.'������������������.. --  Some would place an age limit on  it; but -this is indeed a. superficiality; for sometimes ��������� a few years gives  ease ( and jollity, good fellowship���������  where the younger Woman was '.'bashful,' awkward���������a constrained- companion.        .  The dictionary defines a girl, as     a  young,   unmarried  woman;   but  also  as a humorous or endearing name; as  Othello,  to-������������������'.-De.sdcmona:   "Cold���������cold  ���������my girl!"  Since neither age, rro-r marriage suf-  PASSING OF COWHIDE BOOTS.  'J he sturdy boot of cowhide, the  pride and comfort of our New England', grandfathers,' ���������> is disappearing  from shop and, store. It may still be  seen here and there upon the farm  but it has no place upon the polished  pai'lorfloor , nor in the trolley or cab  of the'city.  Theboot     came to    the rocky New  England shores     with the Pilgrims.  It broke the brush of the virgin forests for the hardy     pioneers, and it  trod down the     seed of many-a har-  vestupori the homesteads.  . Glover's   men, of' Marblehead, ma'r-  thed off to follow Washington in '76,  wearing     high  fishing    boots,   shiny  with oil from    thc cod and salt from  the    spray    of thc ssa.   Whitier, the  Quaker poet,      hammered upon thic-.  boots fo the   measure of his rhymes,  and Henry   .Wilson, "the Nattik cob-  Ijlcjr,"    pondered upon     questions  of  .state   as he     pulled his good waxed  ends taut,     and    dreamed    of future  greatness.  Walt Whitman tucked his''trousers  legs inside his high hoots and went  out and 'made' friends with the'boatmen and clam diggers,. Politicians  donned' boots that betokened toil at  election time, just as the ollice-scek-  ji- of today puts On "a glad smile and  puts out a glad hand. A clergyman  of high fame attributed early successes to his high boots, which he wore  in his pulpit so that, his coiigrega-  ti-onwould feel that he was one of  them. _ lr'--^-^  Even from rouah mining camps**;  and the trail and the ranch of the  west, the boot is disappearing. College bovs struck western camps with  heads full of-"idea's and feet la-red in  'high ankle boots, like the s-orm boot  seen in Boston today.   "Dudes in yal-  IN ALL THE NEW SHAPES  AND      SHADES. THESE  GOODS WE  SHIP  DIRECT  FROM NEW YORK.  NEW  BACK   COMBS,  .   'CIRCULAR COMBS.  SIDE    COMBS,  lc-r boots,"  sniffed    the veteran miners, but it     was not-long lefors.the  veterans    themsehes found the snug-  fitting lat-ed high boots of much value in supporting     the   ankles and in  keeping    out     stones.   And    hunters  and  cowboys     and ranchmen learned  the same thing too.  -So the sturdy     boot .of cowhide is  passing and     civilisation is nitrching  onward in lighter and mure scientific  lootwear.���������Boston  Globe.  Garden  i������  '-���������SBC *-������"  NOTICE.  (Dissolution: of Partnership.)  The partnership heretofore subsisting between Chu Ming and Chu Lung  Ho, of Extension, B.C., trading under the firm name of Wing Sang &  Co., has beea dissolved.  The business will' in future tie conducted under the sole, management)-of  Chu Lung IIo.{ who assumes all'liabilities of thc late firm, and to whom  j all  outstanding debts meat- be paid.  CnU'LUNG-HO.  Dated   Extension,   B.C.,   Feb.   29th,  1005.  We have on han 1 a complete assortment of garden seeds, including  Store closes  at six 6'clook every evening except  Saturday.  DRYSDALE-ETEVEKSdN  Co.    Lai/in: l!i  Dr. R. B. Dier  Surgeon Dentist  All work guaranteed, and at reasonable rates.  HJjJli St. Ladysmith  OPEN AT ALL HOURS.  RADISH  /  CAULIFLOWER-  TURNIP  BEET-  BEANS  PARSNIPS  CUCUMBER  CARROT  Also a large variety of Flower  seeds. Our lawri grass seed cannot  be excelled in quality and price.  i:  7  t  i 9  w  NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT."  Pursuant to the Creditor's Trusts  Deed Act and Amendments:  Notice 'is hereby given that Y. Gc-  rioni, carrying on business in tne City  of Ladysmith, B/C, as a jeweler, by'  Deed of Assignment for the benefit of  his creditors dated the 24th day of  March, 1905, _. made in pursuance 61  the Creditors   Trusts Deed Acts and  KAY. GRAIN AND  I ARM PKODUlt  Orders will be delivered anywhere  in the city promptly and' at the lowest possible prices.''  Leave orders at Christie's, on tke  Esplanade.  JAS. WARNOCK.  [SIMON LEISER & CO Ltd.  fic-cs to .determine it, one must, then Amending Acts has assigned unto  look at it as a matter of character, Nicola Caroline, of Nanaimo, B. C.,  of personality, as, indeed, it really all his real and personal estate of ev.  is. A girl ceases ��������� "to be a_girl 'when erv nature -, and kind in Trust to pay  she has lost all girlish romance,' am- h's   creditors     ratably     their     just  claims without     preference or priority according to h>w.  The said deed of     Assignment was  executed by the    said V. ;Ge������oni a  Nicola     Caioline on the 24th day o"  March,: 1905.  All persons' having claims against  the said V. Genoni are requested on  cr ,,efdre the 15th of April,''1005  forward full particulars to the said  Nicola Gaioline duly -.?r-:cd and the  nature of the securities held by,-  them, if any. And notice is hereby  given that after the 15th of April,  H-0") the trustee will proreeel to distribute the. assets of the estate  among the parties entitled thereto,  having rsgard only to those cl-inrs  of which the trustee shall then have  notice, and the said trustee shall not  be responsible for the assets or any  part thereof so distributed to any  person or firm of whose debt cr  claim he shall not then have notice.  A meeting, of the creditors will be  held on thc 10th day of April, 1905,  at .10 a. xn. at the office of Russell  Simpson, Solicitor for the Assipnre.  Dated this 2<lth day of March, 1905.  NICOLA GAIOLINE,  Assipnec.  bilious, and thought.- When she has  settled' down into a humdrum jogtrot, either iii single.-or double harness." When she no longer cares to  present, a pleasing- appearance, aiul  when mankind-.no longer -has power  to ruffle her equanimi ty.  When all,this has come to pass she  is, indeed,  no longer a girl,     but    a  ���������lull���������a   monotonous���������a   tiresome"--woman.���������Philadelphia Telegraph. " ���������  ':���������:������������������;���������-o������������������ ��������� ...  What has become of the old fashioned woman -who sat up nights and  waited for her husband to come  home from the club? .Call at the Atchison homes where a man can afford to belong to a club and you will  find him at home keeping up the furnace fires, looking after flic children  and. patiently waiting for his wife to  come in. The women are crazy over  Schaafskopf and Five Hundred, and  play until .-midnight mos-t���������nights out  of the week. ��������� At the house where the  game is going on the man of ������������������ the  house gets the children into bed,  hoars their prayers and gives them  the last drink of water,-and goes  quietly off to bed, us any well-behaved   husband   should.���������Atchison   Globe.  Some good Residences For Sale  Call and get particulars. *  Age i; ���������j of the Esquimalt .  LADYSMITH  9-SSKS2  #*flP^vt>������<>.tittXjae������iJk  Nanaimo Ry. Co's  FRESH VEGETABLES  NOW IN      STOCK.   RIPE   TOMA- TOES,   CRISP  LETTUCE,  ISLAND  GROWN     CAULIFLOWER,   SWEET POTATOES," ASPARAGUS.  . T. HEDDLE   CO.  :   City Property  mts=*im*emmMa**^mmmma*&&tmmm*aaaaa*maaa*aaaam**������*^^^^*^*******~~*m**  JOHN STL WART P. O. Box 268  FIRE,  LIFE  AND  ACCIDENT  INS URANCE.      .  CONVEYANCING ' -. NOTARY   PUBLIC.  ge  Dont be alarnutl,"   You   can  II th"3    ii'l?!^ i      CSOA5VS'   you  wa.it.    Far Sale   Everywhere.  BOOKS FOR  Sale &  Exchange  ���������At���������  WiUiaans' Block  Xjadysaaitli  Particular Grocer "L  Telephone I  Grand Recita  iiisiilo at   all.  Further r;u-  he was givi'i-  ��������� 1 hough lie -���������  inside- lhc -��������� ���������-,  ucc-'-ssity i' :  the house.  Tl:-o i'.'-     -..  Kobt-i-l   IT . V  il:.- witness added.  : 1 :-)!K.'d   she   said   that  ���������   the  doors,  and     al-  l.l   ha\c-   lo   just   step  rv.'ny,   Hicrc   was      no  Mm to eiilcr f;u" ;!!;0  s-.ilness examin- '      ;S  ���������son,   a pain I or   \v-   Hip  ON APRIL KTTI. ...  By Mrs C.loason, lhc talented elocutionist, who usually keeps Tier au-  di'.-iic-c convulsed with laughter, while  Mr. Larrigan never fails to charm  with his piccola and violin. Come  and have a good time.  Tickets--5He. 35c, and 25c. lb  LADYSMITH SHAVING  PAftlORS  HIGH STREET.  :���������:���������: Best in the City :���������:���������j  lOc. and 15c.  1st   \ venue,   - - . Lad/smith  CRYSTAL LAUNDRY    Healers in .....  lianos and  Organs....... .  Ladysmith, B.C.  J. PiEBCY AND CQ.  WHOLESALE DRYGOODS.-,���������  Victeria, B. C.  Manufacturers of the Celebrated  IRONCLAD BRAND  ���������f.  OVERALLS.  BLOUSES,  JUMPERS,  PANTS,    ;  SHIRTS, ETC.  Its Easy  To fool people once, but it is hard to fool them all'the time Wc  don't   claim to be infallaido, but our steadily    increasing trade is  proof that we are doing our I.e.*.!. for our    customers.   II wc can't  give satisfaction wo must on-.y expect     that the otifci fellow will  get the business. I  OUR GOODS     ARE FRESH ANIJ CLEAN.  OUR^ CLERKS ARE OBLIGING.  OUR DELIVERY PROMPT.  ' OUR PRICES RI GMT.  Give us a trial and-be convincsd. '     '  BLKIR St PLtDKtt  CARLISLE      BLOCK  SSSB^tS^S^iSSSSSSSSESl^^^lS^lf^M  '^ HEADACHES.  to ���������  to *  '".be     lcsult of ev2     slraining, cured  *Vtt  vAV  'Esaniinations-.. and sight, tests-free  to:^ charge. ������������������' -;-; ���������  *f!l." ������������������ :.-V"  $:��������� ������������������'������������������''���������������������������������������������-���������<    '  AT -  SB-PORClMnER'S  WFirst Avenue,  1  to  WATCHMAKEK*,   JEAyELE!*;,   OPTICIAN .]^  X   XX    'LaUykiJiith,   li. C. ^  00.00.^.^.0m>.    ^.i*'.f*.f*';is?>.fi'r,lKi,t*i.t00.tm0.J*������.  J*������ & tg*'g g*--   jBySito-my������������*3J*v&>-������av���������*Bf S������y r������f *m?^.  *������������'*^.^fc.>^.*^.      ST-Vk"*****-��������� ���������***��������� 1*������.-te."*������* .**���������������*������������ .*.^  ^���������witKrvDOins  Leave orders with  BLAIR  &  ADAM,   ' ;t\*'i)  All work first-class at THE CI-TRY  STAL,  VICTORIA.    '     ��������� |i  THE FIRST DRAWING FOR THE  ^^^'^^v^^^^m'j^^j^^^^^i^^^^^^s.  Esc^ntlots,   Cabbage and Tomato plants.  Orders  taken for   Roses, Ornamental   and  Fruit trees.  IE Ml SO  At Morrison's, Ladysmith, B. C������  E&SSSs&MEE&mi^&BSS^&mXSSS'  will  take  place on  Tuesday,   April 4th at A. R.  Johnston & Co's  Store, Nanaimo, at 4 p.n.-T he  oublic    arc cordially    invited   lo  participate.  The next drawing will take place in Ladysmith.  PUTTING ON  NEW PAPEK  is the mest effective and most economical  method  of  improving      and  brightening  up  tha  interior  appear-  anc-G of your dwelling.  h'rom  the many  beautiful patterns  ���������many of tbein exclusive1���������irr our new  line,   we  are  certain  you can select  ���������xactly  the right paper to suit your  taste and purse.    Let us  show, you  our handsome array of styles.  HARRY KAY  if. O. MILES  Contractor and Builder  REPAIRING   of  all. kinds  promptly  attended to.    Shop on Gata-'re    at.  WE HAVE MUCH PLEASURE  in announcing  that  :we have purchased the stock in trade of E. .ROL-  STON, and we trust by close attention  to business and the courteous treatment of oiir customers to .merit., a fair-  share of your business. We are revising our prices and now is-the, time for  bargains in several lines.  LADYSMITH HARDWARE CO., Ltd.  N. B.��������� A complete new stock of fishing tackle ha  just at rived.  HILBERT  FARMERS'    MEAT   HARKET  On ist Avenue  HOTFL  LADYSMITH  ������e������. Roberts  Fraprietar  HOTEL DOMINION  ��������� Rate* ifl 2") ������'. d $l.ol'���������  res ������m������ t������  sll i*pt:Ml6o������t  laMtiittga and  i'*ilway (is/kot*.   i*l^oiri������ cxr������. i Tery life  fiai.Mtfiu  t* *.U pAiis af   tk..*  v-i.y.    Car  ������*> taWle *a������fxc:sll'*cl.  F. *ATNE8, "������������������������������������ -ii^ter,  First  Are.-*, iadys.raitfe, B.  G.      ABB01T ST.,   VA������������OK������____, HjOL  D. Ol WHITE.  RATJBfc���������J1.00     per    day.      Fiiiest  Wises, Liqusrs and  ���������igars.

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