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The Ladysmith Daily Ledger Mar 29, 1905

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 V  C^SS-CATrve  ASBEaroJLy;  ,������.������������������'���������������   ?- '.������'?.-''.:&"'  ���������J--  .������������������:-' 3  ������������������;.-*������  VOL. 2,  J^dyshith Daily Ledger  fc "> *���������'*������������������ -       , ~" ' ' ~ '   \    */>��������� '    ,\S> J -WEDNESDAY,     MARCH 29,    1905.   =^='       V  ���������iHjj'.l|'-ll.-' =  -v-*b  *V>V  ���������WEDNESDAY,     MARCH 29,    1905.  PRICE  F      ^ 3    ( ] ]  RUSSIA HAS  STEPS FOR PEACE  Reported  that   the  Czar has Already Indirectly  Made Known to Japan Upon What Con  ditions Peace May be Concluded  The Portion of Japanese Loan,   Allotted   to Lon-|:  don Was Ten Times Over Subscribed in  ESTIMATES CONTAIN'  GRANT FOR LADYSMITH  The government estimates     were given out today and Newcastle  District has apparently not b een forgotten.  As thc following special to   The Ledger from Victoria will show,  Ladysmith is to have a new    government office, for which tlie sum  of $1,000 has been set aside,    in addition  to $5,000 for the district  at large    For what purpose t he  latter sum is  to  be  used  is  not  yet ascertained.  The lncs-ag.- received from V ictcria is  as  follows:  Victoiia, B.  <\,  March 29��������� Estimates     contain $5,000 for Newcastle district.    In addition,   ���������$!,000 is set aside for a government  office at Ladysmith.   There is   no  estimate for   the  Nanaimo  jail,  which is apparently to be closed.  The Vancouver Island main   trunk road from Victoria to Al'hern'i  and   Comnx gets- $5,000.  an Hour this Morning  St. Petersburg, March 29.���������Thc Associated  Press  is  in a position    to  announce tliat a step in thc direction  anese  official  opinion  is pessimistic  'concerning peace being realized.  This  indicates that the preliminaries have  of  peace    actually  has   taken  I not  made  appreciable progress     or  place; J e]Se  that Japan does not intend to  r  It  Russia has indirectly made known to   interrupt her successful campaign  Japan   the negative conditions  upon   is even intimated  in a high quarter  which peace may be concluded, namely:  No  concession  of   territory  and  no indemnity,  leaving  Japan  to de-  that it 'makes no difference what St.  Petersburg decides relative to asking  for peace, as ��������� it will remain for To-  termine whether  negotiations ."can be ������������������ kio to accept or reject it.   Therefore  begun upon the decision.. No reply  from Japan has, yet reached the Russian government.  A PARIS  VIEW.  Taris,    March  29.���������All   the official  information relative to peace Js of a  negative nature.    At. thc same  time  it is  maintained  the peace situation  has shifted  from  St. Petersburg to  Tokio,   which  how  Holds  the .key to  lhe peace situation. , *'  JAPANESE L07\N.  .   JAPANESE  ADVANCING.  St. Petersburg, March 29.���������A telegram from Gunshu Pass, dated Mar.  28th says thc Russians have evacuated the railroad station at Chaou-  iniaodzi, 40 miles below Gunshu  Pass,- and that the Japanese are advancing.  San .Francisco, Cal., March 29.���������  Subscriptions for the new Japanese  loan of $150,000,000 were opened in  this city today by the Anglo-Califor-  nian bank and the Nevada National  bank. Witliin half an hour tlie subscriptions amounted to nearly $(;,-  000,000,  with no abatement of   thc  ECCLESIASTICAL  FUNCTION  Bishops and   Clergy of   Two  Dioces Will Attend the  Launching  st.  sia's  Petersburg,  March  29.��������� Rus-  attitude was described today  demand.   The amount alloted to this  London,  Match   29.-Thc  portion of  city is nofc yot ^^ but u js be_  tlio-official view is now strongly op-   the Ja������,anese loafl o������ $150,000,000 achieved  that it  will  be less than    thc  timistic tlrat peace is not far     dis-fIoteti  to London was well  over sub-  amount already subscribed,  taut.'  This view is not due to exact j scribed  within an hour-'of-'the time  information, but is  the result of    a   *-"' the opening of the banks today,  settled conviction  that peace is   the} . pot  an hour before, the  doors'op-  only logical outcome of Russia's pre-  -c-ned crowds waited in the vicinity of  the    the issuing houses    and   .throughout  -the   the morning a steady, flood' of appli-  tak-  cants,  among whom were many  wo-  or    men, taxed the staff of .the bankinb'  preliminaries and  specifically  denies    establishments  engaged' to-deal with  the  report    from  a northern  capital ( the rush.   The first post brought in  I under the presidency of Grand Duke  that,JRussia has asked Foreign - Min- . many  thousands of .'applications  and/Nicholas Nicholacvch,  inspector' gc  ister Delcasse to act as intermediary ."the enormous    "subsequent deliveries " efar'of'.'the navy', and '"coirsi'siting  Another  report prominently display-  gave'   evidence of'.public interest in '  " '  jed in the Echo De" Paris today says j the loan.    Subscriptions to the Jap-  THE IMPERIAL  PARLIAMENT  Premier     Balfour's J    Policy  Censured by the Commons  FOREIGN SECRETARY  ON MACEDONIA  Lord     Lansdown's     Statement  Causes Much Interest in Offi-J  cial Circles in London  His Program is   Well  Received  out LittleJ-fope is Entertained  of Carrying it Out  Great Britain.   Mace-  Vienna, March    29M The statement  groposed    by  made by ihe- "British Foreign Secre- |,,i���������,,- ,���������*.  tary, Lord   LanSd0wne, in -die Houst I' ^ condltlons h��������� lately been at-  of Lords yesterday, on thc subject.of | tracllnS more attention here because  sent    predicament.    However,  foreign  oflice refuses to credit  various reports  that  France is-  ing a hand in the negotiations  . An event in which the Anglicans of  both mainland and island are deeply  interested, will takevplace next week,  namely**-the launching of thc missionary steamer, which is being built at  Wallace's  vards,      Vancouver:   As  is  London, March 29.���������In the house of  commons tonight a vote of censure on  Premier     Balfour's fiscal policy i -as  unanimously carried, the Ministerialists   abstaining  from  voting.       The  session was a repetition of the ses-  eminently fitting,     the gliding of the  sion   of March  22,   with  a resolution  vessell into her     proper element will (introduced  by'Mr.  Ainsworth  be signalize! by an eccleastical function of some brilliancy. Both Bishop Pen-in and Bishop Dart.ifaccom-  panicd by their archdeacons and ma-  by a prominent diplomat as follows: I rry of "their clergy, will be-in, attend  ''The  government is  now  for" peace,   ance     to    'io'i'������~+������     *������-- i:*4.i_ .t.^^.  but continues to     prepare for war."  Thc  whole situation   with  reference  to the prosecution of the war is being carefully  considered from every  standpoint  by  a commission  sitting  fol-  States is  '  et  al  by  initiating  thc United -  make a coup  peace.  . This, likewise, is not credited     in  high circles; as letters just received  from Ambassador   McCormick.   say  Russia has not made any  advances  through him.    Moreover, Mr. McCor-  mick's departure from St. Petersburg  tonight is regarded in diplomatic circles here as indicating that there is  no imminence of the  United  States  playing a decisive role. On the    contrary,  tlie general view is that  Jap-  About to- 'anese ioan closed at 2.30 p.m., when  it had Ireen many times oversubscrib-  \ ed. An interesting feature vvas the  fact that considerable applications  were received from the continent,, indicating a change of views regarding  Japan's financial standing. It is said  tliat large subscriptions came - from  Germany.  Tlle issuing  banks  estimate    that  the Japanese loan lias been oversubscribed   at  least  ten   times.       They  think  the  foicign  applications alone  fully cover the whole 'amount.  HI  Minister of War Sakhaioff, Vice Admiral   Avellan,   head  of  thc   Russian  admiralty department,  Minister    of  Finance" Kotevsoff, Minister 'of' Railroads Hilkoff, Foreign Minister Lam-  sdorff, Generals Grodekoff and Kam-  aroil  ��������� and - several  others.    Every  phase of the situation, military, naval,   financial,   transportation     and  diplomatic  is  being covered.      Thc  commission report, which is expected  to be completed    in ten days vvill lie  prepared     by  Grand   Duke   Nicholas  Nicholaicvitch  and  Generals   Grodekoff and  Kamaroff for submission to  the Emperor.  w  EGYPTIANS BEAT HARVEY,  The Harveian oration at the .Loyal College of London Physicians, was  ���������delivered tins yeat by Dr. Richaru  Laton.F. R. C. P. In the course oi  his remarks lie said that Harvey vvas  almast anticipated 6,00 years ago by  the priest-doctors of Egypt iii trie  momentous discovery "of the circula-  ' circulation of the blood.  As far back as 4,0j0 B. C. Egypt  had works on medicine .and anatomy  and one brilliant genius���������forgotten  now-a-days and omitted from the cyclopedias���������I-em-hotep, priest of the  "sun god, Ra, and physician to King  Torsothros, became so eminent that  he was . revered as a demigod after  death, a temple was built over his  tomb, and in his honor hospitals  were raised in Memphis and other cities. Here the priest-physician,  treated the sick and embalmed thc  bodies of men anil sacred animals.  These     were     probably, Dr. Caton  thinks, the    Iirst of     mankind to ac-  quire a    rudimentary     knowledge of  the     movement of     the blcod. 'iheir  papyri contain    intelligent references  to the heart, the    blood vessels, and  the pulse.   Of the    heart, in  particular, they knew much, and their writ-  !| ings refer to its     enlargement, fatty  | degeneration,     displacement, palpila-  I tion and pericardial-effusion.   One remarkable passage   of these old-world  inquiries speaks    of distension of the  heart and shortness    of breath as oc-  ��������� curring becuuse     the blood has stagnated and does   not circulate properly.  Not Greece,     therefore, but Egypt,  'long before     Galen and Hippocrates,  I was the motherland of rational medicine and anatomy,   The views of the  |VGreeks     on    the     circulation of the  [(blood woVe     almost exactly those of  j/the Egyptians,    taught many centuries earlier.  On o������*2 remarkable   means of treatment for incipient     valvular disease  r.of the hea,rt which these long-forgotten- Nile doctors     taught   Dr. Caton  Maid    great stress.   It was the meth-  ,od recommended at   least 4,000 years  g ago to let the     heart have as much  possible���������a wise injunction,  ljou.iu nn-    Harveian orator, which we  TREATY  ADOPTED.  Copenhagen,    March 29���������The Danish  rarliament today adopted the Russo-  Danish arbitration treaty.  fit  111  St: Petersberg, March 29���������Chief of  Staff Karkevitch telegraphs from the  front today that rio change has taken  place in the positions of armies.  Russian sharp-shooters oh March 26  were in -conflict with a force of Japanese infantry and-cavalry at Khou-  anchilihe. The commander in chief,  General Linevitch, has inspected the  second army, and found the troops to  ije in excellent spirits.'   o���������'������������������������������������  THE RING, v  Frank Gotch was keenly disappoin-  .ed to,lose his match with Jenkins in  xsevv York recently, and is reported  to have said he would lather have  lest $10,000 than the title of champion. All the New Y'ork papers a-  giee that Gotch was too confident  and that.this lest him the match.  He did not show his best form and  very li'.ely he was a bit stale from  having engaged in so  matches of late.  Jenkins says he will give Gotch  another match but very likely he vvill  not be in a hurry about it.  Gotch made this statement: Defeat  to me by. .Jenkins is a terrible thing,  but I am thankful for one thing, that  is that 1 went down honestly. Not a  suspicion can be pointed at me. This  fact in the circumstances makes the  belief of many critics that the better  man lost the bout a good deal of  consolation to me. Now, I would  rather face the devil sthan my friends  in Humboldt, or Seattle, P.ellirrgham  and in IftfFalo but I will face them  clean handed and confident that nothing in the world can prevent me reversing this decision if Jenkins  meets me again."  marry hard  /NANAIMO NOTES:  Nanaimo, March 29���������Tonight in the  Opera House, the local aerie-of-the  Fraternal Order; of Eagles will hold  one of their justly celebrated social  Missions' which will' be ' attended not  only by the members of the Nanaimo  aerie, but by visiting members from  Ladysmith and other places.  Major Sheppard, of Niaga a, Cut.,  and Mr. Blanchard, of Washington,  left by carriage yesterday afternoon  for Alberni by way of\Parkesyillc.  'Ihe above named gentlemen are government lecturers in connection with  the Farmer's Institute, and were to  deliver an address last evening at  Parl-svillc, .will lecture tonigl.t at  Alberni and, tomorrow night on their  Wellington.; Rev. G. W. Taylor," of  Northrleld, accompanied the party to  Parkcsville for the purpose of attending the meeting held at that place.  The church lad's Brigade are busv  every night practicing all kinds of  drills and gymnastics, etc., for their  semi-annual concert, which is to take  place in the Opera House on Thurs-  April 27th.  (Free  irade  Liberal)   condemning  the  gov-  urnment's   proposition      to,  impose a  general  duty on  manufactured  goods  was vetoed by a vote of 254 to 2.  The ministerial   front benches     tonight were deserted and only a dozen  Unionists,     principally free-traders, were present when Mr. Walton ,  Liberal,  moved   a resolution as  lows. '  "In view of the declaration made  by the prime minister this house  thinks it necessary to recoid its condemnation oi Iiis policv of fiscal relation."  The Opposition  had  hoped' that in  far, as the builders are   vicw of the fact that this was a^vote  to say jrst when they ,of     censure,   the government would  take up the challenge and it would  not adhete to. its "declared intention  of ignoring fiscal resolutions of privates, but Mr. Balfour declined to  be drawn out, and the Opposition  were driven to address demmciatoiy  speeches to .empty benches and reap  the indirect benefit of the. government's refusal to fight when "challenged.  Mr.   Walton's  motion  without a division.  dedicate ^ the little craft,  which is destined    to carry blessings  material and spiritual to the neglec-  work. which is done   by the issionary  ships of England- among tlie trawlers on the North Sea    will'thus"find 1  a counterpart    here in Canadian wa-  ���������tcrs, the. steamer    being"fitted'.up for '  the reception of injured men, as well  of the,well   and able.     .-Tha precise  details of the function ha* e not been  arranged s0  not yet able  will be able to     knock the bloc  wav.  Macedon a was read with great interest today in official circles, when the  opinion   was re-iterated to the Associated Press     that Meurszteg,  (Aus-  tro Russian) reform program has now  come to an     absolute standstill and  is inoperative.   Lord Lansdown's suggestion of the   necessity of a, project  of further     reforms, including the financing of    Macedonia    was well received in     official    circles, but little  hope    is entertained of     successfully  carrying it     out.   Primarily because  the opinion     prevails that if this is  attempted     Germany will use her in  xuence,    because of her various inter  csts in Turkey,     to counteract with   tions  against  Turkey  Porte any further     reform measures /things to  , of Great Britain's   attitude and also  I in view    of the    fact that with the  spring comes a   recurrence of the ru-  i uiois mostly emanating from Turkish  boifrces of active preparations on the  part of the Bulgarian bands for crossing into Turkey. The General situation in Macedonia while believed hero  to be    serious     enough is considered  nevertheless to-be more hopeful and  more promising ' than it was a year  ago.   The     Bulgarian diplomatic agent this morning informed the Asso-  mated Press     that Bulgaria was do-  '-   "ig all possible to stop the formation  -1 of Bulgarian    bands and their opera-  Among  other  this end  s a-  VANC0UNE3       YACHT     CLUB.  Mr. O. L. S|iencer, secretary of the  Vancouver Yacht Club, has received  a letter from the Governor-generals  secretary, stating that Lord Grey  accepts tho ofl'ce of Hon. Commodore of the Vancouver Yacht Club,  and hopes to sec the members of the"  Club in person when he visits the  Coast next  - Fall.���������"News Advertiser.  FIGHT WITH  INSURGENTS  Berlin, March 29.���������An official despatch from'Winshoek, German South  west-Africa, today," announced that'  eleven of Kerichncrs* detachment  were killed and 22 were wounded in  a fight with insurgent natives March  10th and 11th at Kosis abd Geibanh.  o  Boston,  Mass.  March  29���������The Prudential    Committee of the American  Board reported today that it had decided lo accept     the Rockefeller gift  of $100,000.   o  ASSOCIATION.  was  carried  HUGE STATUE OF BUDDHA.  N, Y, PORTION  OF THE LOAN  New     York,     March 29���������Subscriptions to the    American - .half of the  new $150,000,000 Japanese loan were  formerly    opened to-day.   The syndicate managers found themselves overwhelmed      with  applications. Where-  ever possible preference .-will be given  to     small investors     whose applications    have come by     mail and tele-'  graph from all    parts of the country.  What proportion, if any, of the loan,  will be   allotted     to French capitalists, has not been disclosed.  A COMING  EVENT.  A  Seattle exchange in an ���������interest-  lnf-- article' on the "socker"game, has  ihe'following to say     regarding  the  proposed    leagues     Association football is getting a firm foothold in Seattle,  for the American Rugfcy game 'j*av  has too    many     mass plays in it to  suit the average spectator,  who likes  to see a lot of    open work and largo  runs.   So     much     interest has -bean  -vorl.ed up     within     the past several  months that a league that will comprise two or three cities on this side  and take     in the     British Columbia  towns,     is  fact.' '  now almost     an assured  OBITUARY.  Mrs.   Gleason,  of  Victoria,  British  Columbia's popular and talented elocutionist,  assisted   by Geo.  H.   Lar-  rigarr,   Victoria's  piccolo  and   violin  soloist,   vvill   give   an  entertainment  in the Ladysmith opera house on the  evening of April sth.    A rare treat  is in store for all those who are   so  orcd     as   to hear Mrs.   Gleason,  ,.who enjoys a good reputation in elocutionary     circles  all over the province for her,thrilling drama and delicious fun."  Air. Larrigan is master of the-piccolo and his bold,, confident .use-of  the bow on the violin makes that instrument sirrg in a charming manner.  The entertainment will, no doubt, receive liberal patronage for it is sure  to be enjoyable.  mt  day,  mer, alchemist��������� so illustrious that  after death he was reputed the son  of the supreme diety, Ptah��������� all this  and yet nearly lost to fame.  -may yet practice with advantage. I-  ���������tj em-hotep seems to have been an all-  iitaround physician,  architect,  astrono-  V  !l  Mr.  been  some  train  and'Mrs.   Lancaster, who -have  residents  of Ladysmith       for  months, left on   the morning  Victoria  where  they- will  SUFFOCATED  |   Winnipeg, March 28.-John Thompson,     a C.P.R.     machinist aged C-l  was suffocated at his home on'Pacific     Avenue  this  afternoon.       Mrs  Thompson attempted to start a fire  with  oil.    There  was an  explosion,  and the house  took  fire.    Thompson  was  asleep  upstairs,  and  was  dead  when found.    His wife was  taken to  the     general  hospital  badly  burned  and  vvill probably die.   ��������� o^   A H������ppT Fnir.  Sylla���������How Is It that you and your  husband agree so well? Mrs. Ray-  Well, you see, he has given up his  club. Sylla���������And you? Mrs. Ray���������I  have given up amateur cookery. With  those two destroyers of domestic felicity gone, why should we not be huppy?  for  reside for some time,  HU  Title.  "It it were customary in this country  to confer titles upon men who go in for  literature, what should I be?" asked u  conceited journalist of his editor.  "Baron of Ideas," was the terse reply-   '- Filial  Piety.  Mother���������Do you like my new gown,  Millicent? Mlllicent (aged five, with  conviction)���������If there is a lady god, yoo  look just like her in those clothes.���������j4f&  Charles E. Stephens, an electrician  of Victoria and son-in-law to Mr.  Lewis Young of this city, died suddenly in the Victoria hospital this  morning, the cause of death being in-  flamation of the bowels. The news  of his sudden death came at a great  blow to 1  U. S. SENDS WARSHIP.  ns relatives in  this city  they did not know of his illness. Dc-: can     maintain peace and order  ceased  leaves  a wife and one child.    : March 31 and April I.  Washington, D.C., March 29.��������� An"  American man of war was sent to  Port An Prince to protect American  interests. This determination was  arrived at today when the state department received atablcgram from  Minister- Powell saying that serious  ! trouble is impending in Hayfi and it  as, is   doubtful   whether   the   authorities  on  CZAR'S RESCRIPT TO  Governor of Poland  St.   Petersburg,   March  24.���������  Emperor   Nicholas   has   instructed   Max-  iinovitch,   Governor-general   of    Warsaw,   to  elaborate  the reforms   necessary for  tho prosperity of Poland.  In a rescript  to the governor-general  the Emperor said: "Since the radii: U  revival   of    civil   life  in  the Vistula  territory during ihe past forty years  a series   of  needs  has   develop -d    <>.  which the government is now best ewing especial  solicitude.   En *-. ni is     cl  the existing  order are seeking       n>  provide  disturbances,   thus   hindering  the iualm discussion  of reforms     for  which the country is ripe, and n.t- ihe  same time some sections of the    Po  lish population .are putting forward  horbit-ant claims, concerning limit: it.-  the employment of the state l.iiicnage.  ass-1 led  ;..;h im-  ,ipy su-  of local  to which  there  must remain  throughout the  Empire the  portance due it, but without  perfiuous  or unjust  exclusion  languages."  The      Emperor accordingly  directs  the   governor-general,   while   lawfully  and-firmly suppressing arfifically supported   disturbances   to   "proceed   to  the abolition of the .reforms found to  1/e necessary  for  the  prosperity     or  the   territory   inseparably   connected  with the other parts of the Russian  state."  The  Mammoth  Kecllnlna*  Flrnre  Rannait, Burma.  To the eastern traveler the statue of  Buddha is a familiar, eight. From  Colombo, in Ceylon, to Kobe, in Japan,  he is everywhere greeted by the same  calm, impassive and mysterious face  of the eastern preceptor of perfection.  But in no city in the orient do the  form and* face of Buddha constitute  so frequent or so essential a part of the  city's decoration as in Rangun, Burma, starting place of Mr. Kipling's  famous "Road to Mandalay," the  stronghold of Buddhists. Notable  even among the countless statues of  Rangun is the mammoth Buddha, representing the strange teacher not  standing or sitting crosslegged, as in  the majority of statues, but reclining  on a huge raised couch, his mighty  form stretched out for 200 feet, while-  his shoulders rival the width of that  w.onder of the ancient world, the Colossus of Rhodes, their titanic breadth  reaching fifty feet  But one among the wonders of Rangun, this mighty figure rests near the  famous Shoay Dagon, the center of the  Burmese Buddhist world, crowned by  the golden pagoda, which rises 300 feet  above it, its walls covered with pure  gold, the gift of a prince who contributed his weight in gold to the pagoda.  In the Shoay Dagon there are countless  other statues of Buddha, as well as  relics of Gautama, the last Buddha.  All,  equally with the huge reclining  Buddha, form a part of the religious  rites  of     the Buddhists,  for the essence   of   Buddhism   consists   ln   the  struggle to become like Buddha, to attain his perfection by obedience to his  precepts.   To do this it is necessary always to have Buddha ln mind, and it  Is for this reason that every city ln the  Buddhist  world  Is  literally   crowded  with his images.    Buddha himself la  not   deified.    Potentially   every   Buddhist may attain his perfection,  but  only  by the eternal imitation of his  practice.  But, while statues such as Rangun's  huge colossus are important in Buddhist worship, of even more importance  are the relics of Buddha. !  It was about the Shoay Dagon that  the Burmese made their last fierce fight  when the British came to Rangun. A  Venetian traveler of 300 years ago visiting the Shoay Dagon has left a description of this famous temple, conceding its claim to rivalry with his  own Venice, that would serve as a contemporaneous description, and today,  as in untold centuries past, the Burmese still bring their offerings of flowers and fruit, candles and paper flags,  to lay before the huge reclining Buddha, whose hands would afford comfortable standing room for four of the  worshipers and whose gigantic face  wears the strange, inscrutable expression *6f calm which Is the outward  mack of spiritual Bntidnuun.   -  OBSERVATIONS      IN      CANADA.  "Across the    Canadian Continent."  Such is tlie    heading given to a very  interesting    account, of a trip across  Canada taken   by Messrs. W. Callard  O. C, and' J. P. Rockhoy, J. P., in  the Torquay Times of a recent date.  It appears that the above named gentlemen, both of   "--Torquay,   England,  attended the congress of chambers of  commerce     held in 1903 at.Montreal,  and    joined in     arr excursion across  part     of the"    American     continent.  They were    armed with photographic  instruments, and    very good use they  seem to have     made of these, instruments.   On their     return to Torquay  Mr.  W. C.  Callard gave a lecture in  the Northcotc hall one evening to the  members     of the     Torquay and district     Chamber of Commerce,  their  wives and   friends.   This lecture was  illustrated    with magic lantern views  of many of 1he\Canadian.pi.aces of interest visited   by the lecturer, and it  was  found     so interesting that Air.  Callard was requested to give a repetition of his lecture to a larger audience in a larger hall; and this vvas  done irr the Union Street lecture hall  a few evenings later.  Air.     Cailard     spoke of the trip a-  eross thc     Atlantic, the run through  (thc   straits     of     Belle Isle into the  Gulf of St.     Lawrence, and described  i Quebec,     with    its     preponderating  1 French      population..   Montreal,      he  said, had a population of 250,0C0 and  had great     commercial  interests.   It  wns the gateway from Canada to the  other     countries     of the world, for  most of the     products brought down  from  the rivers.   The older buildings  j wcre of wood,    but the more modern  jwerc erected of stone.  I    "Every     town     in Canada had its  I Hoard of Trade,     which collected information and     threw great interest  into  commercial  life.   England might  well com- Canada in this matter, although tlie British Chambers of Commerce l'od     done good work,  and by  (loir emit-mini     agitation it seemed  very     probable     that a    minister of  ���������commerce would    shortlv lie appointed"  Mr. f-allnrd spoke of the disfigure-  v-onr, n" Canadian strep's by the evec-  ticn of i-psichtlv pnb*s earrvinr tel-  PTanh. l^lenhone, and electric trnm  oar wir<*o. TTn was also impressed lu-  thc V"vtrn'"!'diri ,-v m.inifest.itlc*-ns of  lovnlt.v on .������������������'������������������ ���������   "t- of '-he Canadians  a lo'-oltv wbinh ' hf to st-rp,nn*th,*n  and s'lstn.fn the bon ' ��������� *���������'-".n the mothf  f*r eountrv pud hrinr- ���������-' ->"t hannine'-s  nnd prosperity for   the ��������� whole empire.  1 'f'Z'b  r  it--  11.'  ���������JL. 1 -L'  3ESS  u.i uhiumh  III LADYSMITH  LEOGER  i  Published   every  day except Sunday. |  BY     THE     LADYrSMlTH      DAILY J  LEDGER  COMPANY.   .  and French Street.  Office corner of First Avenue  SUBSCRIPTION PRICE  10 cents  a month;    $5  per  year   in  advance.     Advertising rates on ap.  plication.  - ^g^~r������������������������.* i'*---'*' '���������*   *    ���������*;'������iwJ*iiS*a&!������Err>^'*'������-J--  greal  lenglli,   but  if  room   is   found  for   lhe  inseriion  of  this  in  the   columns   of  The  Ledger,   I promise  not  1o again inliude my views on     the  public,   believing,  as   I do,   that  each  must   work out his own salvation.  WEDNESDAY,      MARCH 29,    ICO").  Under New Management  Hotel Wilson  Nanaimo, B.C.  McKinnell & Woodbank. I  Proprietors.  .Modern and      Strictly First  Class.  Cuinmeicial Alens'  headquarters."  Fire Proof     Building.  JURIES IN GEHMANY  THEY ARE ONLY PERMITTED TO ACT  IN   CRIMINAL CASES.      -  A 'Un'uiilnioua Vote I*. Not Required  In Finiliiif? a .Verdict; .Only '������������������ Ma-  jorily of Two-Third*. Im ��������� Xecc������*������ai-y.  Jurors  Serve  Without  Pay.  It may not be generally known that  under.'the' original -constitution of the  United' States provision is made for the  trial of criminal cases by jury, but not  of civil cases. This in 17S9 caused dis-  satisfactiou, the people claiming that  the omission was intended to abolish  trial by jury iu civil cases, fiind the seventh amendment was soon adopted, securing the rights of trial' by jury in  suits at common law where the value  in controversy shall, exceed $20.  In many countries.juries decide by a  majority. In France since��������� 1S31 a majority .of two-thirds is required. This is  true also in Germany, where the opera-  iron of the institution is so complicated  and withal so interesting that it; is especially valuable to note some of the  methods adopted in tlie land of the kaiser to secure justice and protect the  rights of the accused.  According to German law, trial by  jury is limited to criminal.'.proceciuie  and to cases within the competence of  a single court composed of three judges  nnd twelve jurors. The juror .receives  no pay for his services, because the office of juror is an honorary one.  Many classes-of persons are excluded  from" jury service. Among these may  be mentioned not only such persons as  have suffered a criminal judgment or  such as'." are on trial on criminal  charges; but such also as are restricted  in theluse of their property by judicial  decree.'  The law enumerates also certain  classes of persons who ought not to be  summoned for jury service and who  are meant to be excluded, but whoso  presence on a jury does not of itself  necessarily invalidate a verdict. In  this group are persons under thirty  years of age, persons who within three  years have received support from pub-  lie charities for themselves or their  families and persons who are employed as servants.  A great many people are as a special  privilege exempt from jury service in  Germany. These include officials, persons employed in a public capacity in  the service of religion, persons in active military service and teachers in  the public schools, but attorneys are  npt numbered among these so privileged. Physicians, however, and apothecaries who have no assistants, persons  above sixty-four years of age and persons who show that they are unable to  bear the expense of this unpaid jury  service are among the privileged.  The basis of the list from which the  Jury is selected is a list of persons who  are eligible to service as "lay members  of local courts. None of these lay members serves more than five days in n  year, and this provides a large list for  jury selection^    '.::,-  The presiding official in each commune must each year prepare a list,  which is exhibited for public inspection for one week, at the end of whicto  time the unprotested names are sent  to a judge in the district to which the  commune belongs. ���������  Eventually from each "year list" are  selected thirty jurors who constitute  what is known as the "verdict list."  In any given case these thirty jurors  are brought before the president of the  court, Who tells them the name of the  accused and the nature of the offense  charged. The names of the thirty  jurors are written on tickets which are  placed in an urn, from which the final  twelve jurors are drawn by lot. There  may be as many challenges as the  names in the urn exceed twelve.  One or more persons may be drawn  by lot to net in the place of regular  jurors in the event of the disability  of any of tho latter. Tliey sit in tho  case. i..I:-.* p.irt In the trial, ask cures-  tlon:- ii' iii".-"n;--.:-."v, but assist in ren-  dc:'!!!'r r, vc-.-i'.: I c -.!y in case any of  tl'p- r-,-;...;;!.'i' -j-u ; lie suddenly in-'  r-������.::-!.\:\'.").  V.'CII  IV ::���������;  pre  net  Cl'i i  I  The Kings Hotel is the only place  in Ladysmith 't-Mat has on draught  .John Labatt's India Pale Ale. Cab  around  and sample it.  50   YEARS'  EXPERIENCE  ���������Trade Marks-  Designs  Copyrights &c  f|>:  ���������ici.tfioo. Oldest iisiency for bocui Inj; piitunrs.  i'litonls ttUten UirouKli Mmin & Co. receive  ip-cial notice, without chnrico, ln the  Scientific Jhnericm).  \ lian'Ssomely llInsfTnled wceltlv. 1,,-iii'Pst clr-  ei.ia.tioM <>r nny sclonriUc journal. 'J'en.-s. *< it  71'ir: four months, *l.  Sold byull nowsrioii'pr*.  KMH & Go.301BroadMy''Nsw Yoi'.  - Oriinr*i Office. 635 1" St.- Wuiliimrnu. 3>. O  TICKET   OFFICE  i'or.   Government  Vh'lona, H. C*  and   Yates  St-* ,  '$  Trains  Transcontinental  Trains   Daily  Oi e of which is the famous "Noith  u'o.ist Limited," Hide on it always.  U|. to date Pullman and Tourist  slcvpeis on all trains. Tluough tickets issued to all paints East and  .South, also Pullman tic! ets issued  . n 1  berths leseivcd.  ( nly direct roule to Yellowstone  P'.rk-. Cheap rites from all points  Eas'oi from Ma-rc}:  1st to i\5a.'y 15th.  Stc.irn-.hip tickets on sale to all  Ivh-ro'jCan points. Aery low rates  i.ovv in eiiect. Cabin accommodation  reserved hy wire.  1'or  further parMculnis call  nt thiol!-  or i hone No. 'ISC.  A.  lY CARLTON, C. E. LANG  A.GPA.,   MP., General  A?,ent  Portland,  Oie. Victoria,  B.C  Ladysmith   Temple  No.   5   Il&thboiu*  Si-itcrs  meets,  in  the Oddfellow's hall  2r.-l   and   1th Tuesday  at 7 :*0  p.   m.  Mrs    Kate Tate, secretary.  WANT 10 D���������I louse lo ren^ One situated near Ledger oflice preferred  Apply   "K"  Ledger o.Ticc. 2t  it  fi  -���������*, the degree as  lilt am! is in no-  ..-strutthin  of the  - whether a Riven  ���������   definition   of  t;  own foreman,  - -i-lived to tho  j ;������������������ ��������� .-rdic-t.    A  ��������� i    find-  ��������� t-  e-  J������  3'  11 cl  V  ,* '     J  ikiui  ,������        *-������   , ti*  ���������  r. jt  fi  IJAUKhU    SHOP AMI BA I'H ROOMS  The   livSPLAXADK    between  the  'jrarid and AbboUsford,  V/illiaj, I'owi-.RS,  Prop.  PAINTING,    PAPEk    HANGING  HTC.  Work done properly and at right  j rices. Shop and residence in rear  ��������� f   Ladysmith   Hotel.  A.  E.  SMITH,  Prop  P   s-l    % -I ii P % P u  Solicitor,   Etc.  . mmsy   to  1st Avenge     -    -  LADYSMITh  Merchant   Tailoiv  (ist Avenue)  Fall Stock Just Arrived. Call early  mid ^el your'pick of the largest and best  ���������;tock in town.  LADYSMITH  AERIE     NO.  6'86. F.  0.  E.     :���������:        :���������:        ������������������:        :���������i  Meets in the Opera House 1st and  3rd  Tuesday  at  7.30  p.m.    Worthy  President,  B    Forcimmer;      Worthy  Secretary,  C H.  Rummings.  A.'  V  v.e  Vc  v  '���������"-ft ���������'  .**  ^W.v',  ?B  Are You ^  Going East  Then be sure your tickets read   via  the  The  only  line now- making   UNION  DEPOT    connections at ST. PAUL  and      MINNEAPOLIS    with       the  through  -trains    from.- the    Pacific  Coast.  THE     SHORTEST     LINE, THE  FINEST  TRAINS,   THE   LOWEST  RATES,  THE FASTEST TIME.  BETWEEN  MINNEAPOLIS,   ST.'PAUL,   CHICAGO,    OMAHA,    KANSAS CITY,  and ALL POINTS EAST.  For complete information ask your  local agent or write,  F. W. PARKER  General  Agent,  151  Yesler Wav.  Seattle.  NOTICE.  Perseas fttund using our Patent  Battle or Stoppers after this notice,  will be prosecuted.  RUMMING BROS.  Pleneer Seda Water  Works.  Ladysmith, B.C  HOTEL     LELAND.  (T. J. Wellman, Prop., Vancouyer.)  Oae block fiom C'P.R. Depot and  steamboat wharves. Newly renovated and re-modelled. Rate's $2 per  aay. ' Corner Granville and Hastings  streets   Telephone, 1-4.  HENKY'S NURSfRliS  NEW CROP���������  Home Grown &   Imported  GARPEN,     FIELD     and FLOWER  SEEDS  THOUSANDS OF FRUIT, &  ORNAMENTAL    TREES  KIIODOPENDRONS, ROSES,  GREENHOUSE AND HARDY  PLANTS.  Kor Spring planting.    Eastern prices  or less.    Catalogue free.  .1010   Westminster  Road,  Vancouver.  *��������� Plans,  Specifications and  De-  ������������������ tails     furnished for all kinds  ������������������ of work in the CARPENTER  ������������������ Line  *��������� C.   B.   ROBELEE,   Carpenter  ������������������ and Joiner,     2nd ave, Lady-  ������������������ smith, B. C.  ���������������  For those who travel via  f  fl   Overlands  ^       Daily  2  The City Market  R. Williamson, Prop.,  Ist Ave,     Ladysmitli  Passengers can leave Victoria     at  ,,   8 p.i*. ������r 11   p.m., and connect     at  ���������   Seattle with  the Fast Mail,  leaving  j at 8..  a. in.., the     Flyer leaving at  8 p. m.  Entire iev? ccjuipaet-t ������u each train  Through Palace Sleepers, Diners  (meals a la carte), Tourist and First-  Class Day Coaches.  For sleeper     reservations-,  folders,  rates and ail  iiformatiun call  on ������r  address  S. G. YERKBS K. J. BURNS  G.W.P.A., VI Government st  Seattle, Wash, Victoria. B.C.  Esquimalt  & Nanaimo Railway  Tims Table No. S3,  TAKING  EFFECT   WEDNESDAY,   OCT.  5TII.  Nerthhoimd Southbound Not Abound Sat. Sun. Southb'd  Leave       ' Daily Arrive    Loavc     and  Wed. Arrive  A.M.    F. M. P. M.      P. M. _,  Victoria    ..    ���������:atlfl:00   Viotaria      *:00    7:M"  Shavvai-raa Lake      18:2*10:46 Shavvaigarr Lake .... 4.20    B,:4t  Dumoabs  .:..           11:0010:02 Durican ..."     5:00   ������:������������������  Ladyomit*   ....  '....   ;    ..   11.97  0:10  Ladysmith ..."...  ..  6:52    4.0t  Nanaime  .     .N ...  1������:4������  8:20  Nanaimo   G.42    ������:1S  Ar.  WelUngtoa       18:S3Lt 3:00 Ar Wellingtoa .. 6:55 do 8:0������  THROBGH TICK ETS  TO CROFTON.  Via WestholBi. Stos* leaves daily e*������e������t Sundays, connecting with North  and  South  bouna' tsaias.. Double ot*. ^e necvico Wefintsiavs rjjr-d ftatniaaya  ���������onaecting  with  raomiag  and  alteraeoa trains.   Faro hom Victoria, tragic $2.40.'  Return, (1-66.  THROUGH TICKETF VICTORIA TO ALBERN*.  Stage loaves Noaaiiao Tuesdays   and Fridays on arrival of train from  Victeria.    Fare  Croat  Victoiia,  sing la 15.2QI    Return (885.  Buoxalon natos in affect to oil p oinis, good going Saturday aod S������k-  ���������ajr,  rotar-thig hot lator" tftaa Moadday. -  OEO. L. COURTBNAY.  Traffic Manager.  BssaEas  The Ladysmith  Opera House  Can be secured for Theatiical pur-  jjoscs, Dancing Parties, or Entertainments generally.  I>  NICHOLSON, Prop  Oh������rlie JDun  ornpany  MtRCIiANT TAILORS  Charles  nvnn,  of the above firm, v hits Ladvsmith cveiy Sunday for the  mrposc of taking  measurements,and     weina < ..stomeis    Persomally.    May  he seen at the Hotels.    We guaianteo all  slock and a perfect fit at   the  lowest possible rates.     Hand, made . sni-   fiom U5.W up.  19 Store Street, Coiner Gormor ant siiuM, VICIORIA, B. L.  HAY, OATS, MILL FEEDS  SHIPMENTS DIRECT FROM VICTORIA,     VANCOUVER    OR     THE  FRASER   RIVER. WRITE US. FOR QUOTATIONS.  ,     , ���������   |  I  ���������    '  Brackman-Ker  milling Co., Ltd  LIVERY, BOARDING AND  SALES STABLES  EXPRESS WORK   A  SPECIALTY.  DAVID JOHNSON  ���������i;  |PHONE 66  WO-^0-f'������-'r'0^������-f������*^������**������-������K*������**������^**������,������  LADYSMITH 3?  WM.  MUNS1E, Piesident  J.  W.   COBURN, Man.   Director  Te!epiion*-j46.  The   Ladysmith   Lumber Co   Ltd.  MILLS   AT   FIDDICK   AND  LADY SMITH-Shingles a  Specialty.  ��������� .VUu'.ilactureri  - ol���������- '���������"''' r   .���������' .  Roik h and Dressed Fir and Cedar Lumber, Laths,  Shingles, Mouldings, Etc., of the Best Quality.  Seasoned   and   Kiln  Dried   Flooring     and  Finishing    Lumber  in   Stock.  THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE  WIT H  WHICH .IS AMALGAMATED  The Bank of British Columbia  HEAD OFFICE: TORONTO.  Capital Paid up    Rest ���������  Aggregate  resources  exceeding  Hon. Geo.  A. Cox, President'      58,700,000       3,500,000      91,000,000  B.  E.  Walker,   General  Manager.  London Office, 60 Lomdard St E* C-  The  hank  has   113  branches      well distributed throughout the Dominion  and  elsewhere, including  the folio vin g ia Britisk Columbia and the Yukon  Territory *������������������������������  ATLIN GREENWOOD       NANAIMO VANCOUVER  FERNIE. "      East End  CRANBROOK KAMLOOPS NELSON VICTORIA  DAWSON LADYSMITH N. WESTMINSTER  WHITE HORSE. _    '        _  Every  description of banking business transacted.   Letters of credit  issued on  any part of the world. ' *****-������*������������������**���������  Savicgs Bank Derartment .,..,������������������  , , ������������������    i      j ���������   f.-r���������cf niinwoii ni    e'* In classes  or individually.  Deposits of one dollar '"l.nfl) and  upwards received and interest allowed at M  current     rates.      Depositors  are   ���������:-*-.- -���������u��������� i. ^ciiin,   nr-: Mlb6  BbKiKAiu,  withdrawing funds.  l.AWm TH BR A.NCH -  ESQUIHALT & NANAIHO  RAILWAY CO.  SteamerJoan  Daily, except Sunday, betv ccn Nanaimo and Vancouver, leaving Nana-  imo at 7 a.m., and  Vancouver   after  arrival of     C.P.R. tram No. 1 or 1  p.m.  For  information "regarding  ireight  and passenger rate*, apply to purser  on board.  GEORGE  L.  COURTNEY,  Traffic Manager, Victoria, B. C.  V^.'^'ijf^**-^**-**^^  i  I  I  l(c  I  K-  THE TYEE COPPER .CO., Ltd.   *������   PURCHASERS  AND SMELTERS OF COPPER, GOLD AND  SILVER ORES.  Smelting Work:������ at  LADYSMITH, B. C.  fonrenient to E. & N. Ry. or the Sea  CLERMONT LIVINGSTON,  General Manager.  THOS. KIDDIE.  Smeller Manager.  'ti  \  i  %  W. SILER.  GLM  : A, EXPRESS AND  J^LIVEEY  WORK PROMPTLY Df ^ '  Leave orders at the Abbotsford.  BOOTS AND SHOES AT RIGHT  PRICES.       (' ���������  Repaiting  and making to order   a  speciality.  Til J HAS JV1CEWAN  1st Avenue,   Ladysmith, B. C.  tt*) r rw r %*-  B?*"/  %A  DESIGNS -  - TRACE-MARKS  AMD COPYRIGHT*  OBTAINED  ADVICE AS TO PATENTABILITY  Notice in "Inventive Age"  Book "How to obtain Patents" _  ' Charges modrratr. No fee till patent is secured.  '       Letters strictly confidential.   Address,  ' E. G. SIGGER1*, Patent i.swycr,Washli>glon, D.C.  ,0BTAINtD  FREE  Don't be satisfied .to work  along in: the same old way  for low wages. We can  help you carve out a successful career. Thousands  have increased their salaries  by following our plan. We  can train you in spare time,  and at small cost, for any  of the following positions:  Mechanical, Electrical, Steam, Civil, or  Mining Engineer; Electrician; Surveyor;  Architect; Draftsman; Bookkeeper; Stenographer; Teacher; Snow-lard Writer;  Wlndsv' Dresser; or Ad Writer.  Write TODAY, stntlnrt -svhlcli poal-  _ tion Interests you, to  INTERNATIONAL  Correspondence    Schools  Box 799,"SCRANT0N, PA.  OB CAM. OS OUB IOCAL BKPltESE*TATI ��������������� I  DAY SCHOOL  GEOkGii YUEN  ^.Merchant  Tailor ,  All kinds  of clothing cleaned and  1  epair������d.  L   ADVflV   Th  I/KLKY  HOP LEE *. CO.  ON THE ESPLANADE.  z * -*���������  PASTRY OF ALL KINDS NEATLY  BAKED AN������ FRESH.  BREAD FIVE CENTS PER LOAF  -Confectionary of all kinds.   -  .Orders taken lor Pastries to be delivered at any time.  Employment Agency.  , f  i '   *' *  Best accommodation for transient'  and permanent-boarders aad lodgers.  QRAISIL)    MO'l "EL  This new Hotel has been comfort-  ably In nn si t*d and the bai- is up-to-  date. Rates $1.80 a day arid up-  waids.  WM.   BEVERIDGE,  Pi op.  Esplanade :���������: '���������: :���������: :���������. Ladysmith  IE  J.   J.    tliOiTlAS'  AT  Si J RE  EUROPE HOTEL  J. GIACHERO,_ Prop.  Newly ' lurnisked,    everything   the  best, finely stocked bar.      Transient  rate, $1.00 per day.    Monthly   rate,  $23.00.  First Avenue . . . Ladysmith. B. C.  ON  HIGH  STREET.  Everybody in Ladysmith knows we  carry a first class line of goods.  *���������* we must reduce our stocl. ���������������������������  *���������* -of Men's and Boy's cloth *������������������  *���������* ing ,at once. ' Sanford's *���������*  *���������* .clothing is well known. We ���������������������������  ***���������"> will, gi\e 25 pc.i cent oil. *���������*  *���������* on,.regular rates"unti, fur- *���������*  ������������������*   ther notice   .   " ���������������������������  CALL AJND'SEE. US.  We carry STRAUSS' OVERALLS  hand made, guaranteed, and thc celebrated BIG HORN OVERALL on  sale.  AT  THOMAS'      STORE.  THEJONES HOTEL  One Dollar Per Day.  Gooer Table, Good Bed and Good Bar  (Half Blocl: from Depot.)  HIGH STREET, - - - LADYSMITH  Dr.- W.  Ouiolan  DENTIST  Stevens Blo< fc, L-vh������mith, B.C.  Dentistry in all bi- 'cm .-lii'b; every new  Kpp-i in c.  RATKS |2.oo PER DAY  ���������5 AM PI,U ROOMS  BAR SUI'rXIKD WITH BES  WIN'ES, LIQUORS. CIGARS  ABBOTSFORD HOTEL  Beet accomodation in town.   Splendid Hunting and fishing in near vicinity.  A J. McMURTRIE, Proprietor, LADYSMITH, B.C.  Usual-subjects  taught;   also      languages,   drawing  in   pencil   and crayons, paint ng  in oils and  water col  ors, pianoforte and vocal lessons giv-  Seattle's Great  Papers    :  ME  DAILY  SUNDAY  TWICE A WEEK  D.;Hy"t--:3S!-5;*t������SiH.e:'.c<;r, r-? !<r ?-> Vn e.s  PubJishes    the    fullest    telvjrr'ipMc.  TC /   news   from  all  parts  of   the- wnrld  C J V. All the state nnd local new?.     &*'A?  and Sunday edition, 75c per n-o;:-?*.  Sunday Fc-st-eiiieil^fiiicfir, 40 to 5il- 5'a������������>  The largest and most complete'Sua  day paper north  of  San   Francisco.  THE  P0ST-  INT������LLIG������NCER  Sample Copies Free  Write for ������ne  \   f   Special   departments   of   llterattiri,  ot fashion, of wome*a'g',ne'ws. Soa-  day edition, (JJ2.00 par year.  Twice a W*ek Pesl-JntelHJer.ccr  All tlio neisrs of the week In cjn>:is6.-  detalied form. THS 'fWiOE A  WEEK EDITION IS EKl 3EST  TWICE A WEEK ?A"*"Ei' ?TJ3-  LISHED ON THE PAOIPIC COAST..  Write, for sample copy and "a*- convinced  $1  a  -a  ft  ii  *'���������  r\  ?i  '$  :'i  E;|  i i  ', vl  per year.  Subsorlptlon   prlc*s,   **>*LOO  5  -1  3 n  5 m  su bjected to no delay in depositing   or ,  ���������  W.  A.  CORNWALL.  Manager.  ladysmith,  B. C.  AH Postmasters Will Take SsSScrlptlsas  FJST-SNTULSS'-TOEa ���������0., Ssatflc, Wash.  C   V   WrTSTOK", business Manager.  '   ���������'������������������������������������* \*. ���������- Vi.Vs'^.'SIOi-iVV'tSSWW.'S  '        ��������� '         '  ������������������' -"  r  ...  \ll LADYSMITH{S%EDGER  DETECTIVE STORIES.  Ladysmith north to .Union,  75 miles  Tke Literary Wukneii In the Noi-el j  of Crime and Detectloa. >  I know of one good reason, and only  one, -which  really prevents detective  stories  standing  among  the  nobleat  forms of art.   Most of the objections  raised against them by the vague minded world of modern culture (probably  the most vague minded world that, baa  ever existed)  are  quite  narrow  and  childish.   To say that the detective tale  is sensational'is simply to say that it  is full of feeling or is aesthetic.  Aesthetic is  the  Greek  for  sensational.  I Sensational is the Latin for aesthetic.  To.say  JLzt the thrill which it gives  _   Is connected with  bald and.positive  ' sin, with bald and,positive death and  not with any'of the fine spun'ldrawing  room emotions- which  It is now the  fashion to consider "deep," is to pay it  a high compliment  The Bible is concerned with these  great'plain sins and judgments. So  are th* great Greek dramas, so are  the tragedies of the Elizabethans, so  are the old ballads, and so are all men  anywhere Mho.live lives sufficiently  real to hare ever seen the great plain  sins and judgments;  There Is one good argument, as I  have said, and one only, against the  police mystery, and that is that police  mysteries exist   to   destroy  mystery  when they have created It   A sad tale  should be saddest when we finish It;  a happy tale should be happiest when  we finish it; a stirring tale.should be  most stlnlng at tho end, a  fantastic tale most fantastic  at the' end.  But this kind of mysterious tale Is  not-most mysterious at the end.    It  is then  least mysterious,  or, rather,  not mysterious at all. ..Instead of making   a   commonplace   thing   mystical  (the aim of all good art) the detective reverses the process and makes  a mystical thing commonplace.   And  -from this comes that one fatal weakness ln the sensational novel of crime  and detection, the one thing that does  separate it, I am afraid, from great  fiction, the fact that-there. Is no impulse to read it again.    A detective  tale we have read is an empty bottle  pf wine, an exploded shell, a thing destroyed;   The mystery of the sanity of  Hamlet Is alive and kicking still.���������G.  K. Chesterton In London News.  or more,    Sufficient of them are developed and improved to insure _.a  long lease of life to the mired     and  their extensions are now being operated.       For instance, tlie Extension  Alines,     11 "miles     from Ladysmith,  from   which   the highest  grade coal  for domestic purposes on the Pacific  coast is shipped-, is 1-nown by borings  'and     general  prospecting  to  extend  near to the city ol Ladysmith.      As  representing  this  industry it might  be mentioned that the coal shipped  from the Island, to date, amounts to  19,940,587 tons, with a value of $68,-  203,285,      and  149,556  tons  of c���������������c,  with a value of $947,780, a total cf  $01,151,OG5. ���������  facilities, but not until these  provided can they ship out ore  treatment. Another mineral section is at the Campbell river upon  what is known aa the reserve of the  E. ii ti. grant. Thc total value of  the mineral product to date for Vancouver island and vicinity is given  by tlto Provincial Mineralogist, Mr.  W. F. Robertson, as 275,322 tons of  a Talus of $4,378,37*.  POINTED PARAGRAPHS.  -  Probably  the easiest  thing in tha  world is to be a bore.  You waste half your time.    There's  reform work for you.  * It is possible to laugh at trouble, but  the laughter doesn't mean it  What a disagreeable world this would  be if people were perfectly candid.  It -Is easier to talk a man out -of a  thing than it is to fight him out of it   -  There is one thing sure about a fuss-  it does not do any good to. talk it over.  When men talk together,: it is, of  prices at which things can be .sold.  Women talk of prices at which things  can be bought.  The sentiment seems to be always  ln favor of abusing the man who objects to cost when It comes to funerals  or weddings.   -  Do Not Boll Coffee Too Loaa*.  There Is only one mistake that can  be made in making coffee, and that is  to cook it too much. When subjected  to a momentary boiling and then removed from the fire it la a drink' for  the gods, but if it is kept at a high degree of heat for thirty minutes its  character is entirely changed, and .it  becomes almost poisonous. Of the people who overcook coffee ln this way  some do it through ignorance, but the  greater part of them through greed lh  order to make It go further and produce a larger profit. What we need is  a law making it a capital offense to  boil coffee more than three minutec*. ���������  Timber,  (b.) The value of tho immense timber resources     of Vancomer Island,  with its high class Douglass fir, cedar etc., has already been realized by  thc great lumber companies. The Victoiia Lumber Company,  of Chemainus,  has among its members shrewd  ���������lisconsin und Michigan lumber kings  who  have '   secured,  and  now  hold;  hundreds of millions of leet ol splendid  timber and  are continually     increasing  thsir holdings.    'Iheir     export trade now running from 80,000,-  000 to 50,000,000     of feet per year  will no doubt be largely increased by  the beginning of work on the Panama  '"pa', fcr the demand, which will be  supj.lied largely from this section for  cuccr to u93 on the groat work, will  amount to hundreds of millions     of  feet.     Other    companies,  Shawnigah  Lai-.e,  Haslam and other companies  are. turning out large quantities    of  lumber- and  shingles. *-  Harbors and Waterways,  (c.) * Harbors and waterways in  connscticn with ( Vancouver Island is  a subject understood much better by  men who "go down to sea" than:  landsmen. But opposite to the mainland and direct across from Vancouver,  Bay, has long been' known as a safe  and commodious harbor.   It "is     one  where large" wharves are already established in connection with thc coal  export trade     and with the freight  iiiisincss, as the point of transfer-by  the C.P.R. for thor-lsIand freight. In  connection with this matter it     is  u or thy of remark that'for the last  ihree years the transfer barge   ..has  made its daily trip and has rarely, is  e\-3r, .been dela>ed on 'account of bad  weather   or     unfavorable  conditions,  and has never met with an accident.  .Nanaimo'   Harbor,     Departure Bay,  Chamainus and other safe harbors are  found along     the coast.   Near     the  north end of the" island safe harbors  are found that may yet be used    as  last ports of call for, steamers leaving Victoria  for .the Orient,     fast  trains   - connecting, -from  Ladysmith  landing, or conveying to, passengers'  and mails.  Fisheries. * ��������� *  The waters of Vancouver Island  teem with fish. Hsrring in vast quantities visit our shores. A profitable  trade in fisheries which includes, off  our more northern shores, halilat and  other deep sea iish, is being built up  and is capable of much greater development.  Pottery Clay.  The clay found in the Extension  Miaes is,, regularly shipped to Victoria to )fcbo pottery works for the  manufacture, of sewer pipes and pottery., of .various kinds.  are tory���������Placer mining claims generally  [or.   are 100 it. square,      entry Iec$5, renewable yearly. On the North Saskat  ehewan River claims are either  bar  or bench,   the former being 100    feet  long and extending between high and  low water  mark,   'ihe latter  includes  bar diggings,  but extends back to the  base ol the hill or ban.., but not   exceeding 1,000 feet.   Where steam power is used, claims 200 feet wide may  be obtained.  Dredging in the rivers of Manitoba  and tlie N.W.T., excepting the Yukon  territory���������A free miner   may   obtain  abandoned, and    open to occupation  and entry by a free miner.  The  boundaries of a claim may   be  defined absolutely by having a survey  made and publishing notices  in    the  Yukon official  Gazette.  Petroleum���������AH unappropriated Dominion lands in Manitoba, the Northwest Territories, and within the Yukon Territory, are open to prospecting for petroleum, and the Minister  may reserve for an individual or company having machinery on the land  to be prospected, an area of 1920 ac-  only two leases of five' miles each for i rfs for such period as ,ie may decide*  PITHER & LEISER  Importers and wholesale dealers In WINES, LIQUORS, CIGARS  ETC.     Large stock always-r-AU    the leading brands.    We'supply the  principal   hotels and Saloons in  Ladysmith.  ORDERS SOLICITED.  PITHER & LEISER, VICTORIA, B. C  Stone and Lime.  Magnificent building stone'is found  at various points.   The quarry      at  Duncan,, lying contiguous to the    E.  AN.  railroad, furnishes high   class  building stone that should  be in de-.  mand where 'heavy stone work-is re-"  quired, while lime quarries also   exist on the lime of the railroad.  Good  brick clay is found in Nanoose harbor above Nanaimo,   and    limestone  oa the- line of the railroad, near    or  at Esquimalt Harbor.  i _ ��������� o���������  Water Power.  Of water power, some .very large  and permanent streams are found  with natural -falls, some again cau  without great expense be developed.  It seems safe to assume .that gieat  water power can be secured, comparatively cheap, at various points  on Vancouver Island. Particularly is<  this ' the case iu the northern part  of the Island.  Agricultural Wealth.  Agricultural development on   Vancouver    Island must be very     great  in' the immediate future.     Tracts of  laud will each year  be cleared     and  _ put into    crops if railway facilities  Oyster  Harbor or  Ladysmith  are given  to cel.tain  8ections     that  now find valuable farm lands too far  from markets.     Included in   farming  stock raising is becoming a marked  feature in Island development.  High  grades of     cattle are  being     raised  from inportcd stock, and  the butter  and cheese of  Vancouver  Island     is  now well known for its.high grade.  Hunting and Fishing.  The big game of Vancouver Island  has not been hunted extensively and  is abundant in certain sections. Deer  and other four-footed game is found  in all parts of the Island.       Ducks,  geese,     pheasants,  grouse and quail  are to be "found in season in ' numbers that gladden the heart of    the  hunter.'   With thc development   that  will  result  from   the  extension     of  the lines of the E. & N.    Railway,  North-Vancouver Island will-increase  its wealth many fold.   Mines will be  opened and other natural sources   oi  wealth     now valueless,      will,  with  transportation,  soon  prove to      the  world that as- a whole there is    no  other part of the rich Province      of  British  Columbia     that  can     equal  Vancouver Island.  a term of twenty years, renewable in  thc discretion of the Minister of the  Interior.  Thc lessee's right is confined to the  submerged bed     or bars of the rher  below  low water mark, and subject  to the rights of all persons who have,  or who may receive, entries for bar  diggings  or  b nch  claims,  except on  I the Saskatthe\ an   River,   where   the  lessee may dn~-.de to high water mark  on each al termite leasehold.  The lessee shall have a dredge in  operation within one season from the  dateyof the lease for each five miles,  ���������but where a person or company has  obtained more than one lease one  dredge for each fifteen miles or faction is sufficient. Rental, $10 per  annum for each mile of river - leased.  Royalty at the rate of 2������ per cent,  collected on the output after it exceeds $10,000.  Dredging in the Yukon Territory-  Six leases of five miles each may be  granted to a free miner for a term of  twenty years, also renewable.  ' The lessec-s right is confined to the  submerged bed or bars in the river  below low water mark, that boundary to be fixed by its position on the  istday of August in the year of tke  the date of the lease.  The lessee shall have one dredge in  operation" within two years from the  date of the lease, and one dredge   for  thc length of width  shall not exceet  thrae  times the breadth.  Should the prospector discover oil  in paying quantities,, and satisfactorily establish such discovery, an area  not exceeding C40 acres, including the  oil well will be sold to the prospector at the rate of $1.00 per acre and  the remainder of the tract reserved  namely, 1,280" acres' will be sold  at the rate of three dollars an  acre, subject to loyalty at such rate  as may be specified by order-in-coun-  cil.  JAS.   A.  SMART.  Deputy Minister of thc  Interior.  Department of the Interior,  ^ttWi********!*^^^^^*^^-.^^*^  I  4  t  ������  t  t  Union  Brewing  i   ���������',   /  NANAIMO,  B. C.  -Tlanufacturer* of the  *���������>  i  >  In British Columbia  *+*-i-*i 4-M-f+*****t--i*****  ���������'���������. '^iia Venaiom'^nVt^^em^ ���������;:������������������. .  At nil times it has been an object  With French parents to teach a child  to be provident and economical. A child  of three can become a member of the  Mutualite by giving only 2 cents a  week. One cent will entitle it to getting 10 cents a day when it is ill, and  the other goes toward getting a pension  when it is at a certain age. No one  knows how long a child can live, but  what does the contribution amount to?  There is hardly a child in the world  who does not spend that for candy.  Now, a boy'of eighteen giving 34 cents  a month to the society will when he is  sixty have a pension of $72 a year.  Mining.  Tho Coffee Pleat's Friend..  In the republic of Colombia there is  a tree highly esteemed as a shade for  the coffee plant It Is found also in  tropical Brazil and possesses qualities  that make It peculiarly suited for this  particular use. It will live on a stony,  poor soil, and a tree only eighteen  months old will shade 144 square yards  of ground, while, when full grown, it  may be fifty feet high and havjS a  spread of fifty feet ou every side. -  RESOURCE OF VAN  COUVEU ISLAND  Vancouver     Island  offers   as  gpod  chances tp the farmer, prospector or  investor as does any part of British  Columbia.    It is not easy  to find a  section     of country that is exactly  right in all respects. It is,  perhaps,  impossible to find such a country, but  for     a fair chance to make a home  with comfortable surroundings     the  section of country along the line of  the Esquimalt and Nanaiino Railway  is well worth considering.   A few of  the  most  prominent  of  the  island's  productions   and      natural   reso-rpv^s  osly are mentioned  in this article.  ���������o���������  Coal Deposits  (a.)   First among the natural    resources are thc great coal measures  In connection with the mineral developments of the Island, it must be  understood that only during, the past  five years has any attempt at metal  mining been made.on a large scale.  -  On the west coast of the Island, fce-*  ginning  at East Sook, mineral ��������� has;  been    found     and  small    shipments  made from San Juan, Port Renfrew,  Alberni, -   Uchueklesit,     Clayoquoit,  Kennedy Lake,  Taferno Inlet,  (Deer  Creek),   Bedweel   Sound,   (Bear  River), Trout River,  Clayoquoit Sound,  Sidney   Inlet,   Ahousett,   Ahatlasett,  Nootka,      Kyuquot    and    Quatsino,  while in the middle of the Island at  Central lake a. large deposit of mineral has recently been discovered.  The schist beds lying to the south  of the coal  measures  and ��������� commonly  known as the Mt. Sicker schist belt,  extends from Mt.  Sicker up to   ^the  Nanaimo Lakes which has been   opened and worked at seven. points', _ia  distance of 40  miles:    Namely,   Mt.  Sicker, Mt. Brenton, Chemainus, Ma-  juba, Rhinehardt,      Nanaimo Lakes,  and Englishmans River.   Owing     to  the     fact    that thc  land is heavily  timbered,    prospecting is necessarily  slow    and     expensive, great importance must be attached to the   cutting of   trails  inland   from  the railroad.     As  the result of such a trail,  three years ago,  from Ladysmith    6  miles out,   several  mineral  locations  have been  made  in  that vicinity, including   the     Majuba,  and  extending  west to the    Rhinehardt and Nanai-  Lakes property.        It would  appear  to be of the first importance to cut  trails in order to open  up the country to the prospector.     The opening  up of this mineral belt and the development of the mineral claims      will  follow the construction of a   branch  road, and the route from Mt. S'cker  and Mt.  Brenton up  the Chemainus  valley appears  the most feasible   as  it would follow along the line of the  claims     mentioned   to   the   Nanaimo  Lakes,  on  to and   including  Alberni.  It is stated     that     the Nanaimo  Lakes  properties  have large     showings     of ore and  would undoubtedly  make producing mines  with railroad  SYNOPSIS OF REGULATIONS  FOR DISPOSAL OF MINERALS.  ON DOMINION LANDS IN MANITOBA THE NORTHWEST TERi  RITORIES AND THE YUKON  TERRITORY.  -Coal���������Coal- lands may be purchased  at $10 per acre for soft coal and $20  for- anthracite. Not more than 320  acres can be acquired by one individual or company. Royalty at the rate  of ten cent* per ton of 2,000 pounds  shall be collected on the gross output.., ���������'"    .!.'.-;;v  Quartz���������Persons  of  eighteen  years  and over and joint stock companies  holding free miners' certificates may  obtain entrv for a mining location.  ' A free n^ei's certificate is granted  for one or more years, not exceeding  five years, upon payment in advance  $7.50  per annum  for  an  individual,  and from $50 to $100 per annum for  a company,accord ing  to  capital. j  "A  free     miner,  having  discovered '  mineral in place, may locate a claim  1,500x1,500 feet by marking out the ,  same with two legal  posts, bearing  i  location notices, one at each end   on  the line of the lodo or vein.  The claim shall be recorded within  fifteen days if located within ten  miles of a mining recorder's office, one  additional day allowed for every additional ten miles or fraction. The  fee for recording a claim is $5.  At least $100 must be expended  on the claim each year or paid tq  the mining recorder in lieu thereof.  When $500 has been expended or paid  the locator may, upon having a survey made; and upon complying with  othpr requirements, purchase the land  at $1.00 an acre.  Permission may be granted by the  Minister  of     the Interior  to   locate  claims containing iron and mica, alfo  copper, in the Yukop territory, of an  area not exceeding 160 acres.  The patent for a mining location  shall provide for the payment of a  Royalty of 2J per cent, of the sales  of the products of the location.  Placer     Mintag**-*-Manitoba and the  N.W.T., excepting the Yukon Terri-  each five miles within six years from  such date. Rental, $100 per mile for  first' year and . $10 per mile for  each subsequent year. Royalty, same  as placer  raining. >  Placer Mining in thc Yukon Territory���������Creek, gulch, river and hill  claims shall not exceed 250 feet in  length, measured on the base line or  general direction of the creek or gulch  the width being from 1,000 to 2,000  feet. All other placer claims'shall be  250 feet square.  Claims  aie-marl.ed     by��������� two legal  posts, one at each* end, bearing   notices.   Entry must be obtained within ten miles of mining Recorder's of-  lice.    One extra day allowed for each j  additional ten miles or fraction.   -     j  Thc person or company staking    a '  claim must hald a free miner's certificate.  ' The discoverer of a new mine is entitled to a claim of 1,000 feet in  length, and if the party consists of  two, 1,500 feet-altogether, on the out  put of which no royalty .shall be  clurgen, the rest of the party ordinary claims  only.  Entry fee. $10.   Royalty at the rate  of two and"one-half per cent, on the  alue of the gold shipped from     the  fukon Territory to be paid to     the  Comptroller.  No free miner shall receive a grant  of more than one mining claim      on  eaeh  separate river, creek or gulch,  but the same miner may hold     any  number of claims by purchase,     and  free miners may work their claims in  partnership by filing notice and paying a fee  of $2.00     A claim may    be  abandoned and another obtained    on  the same creek, gulch or river by giving notice and paying a fee.  Work must  be done on a claim each  year to the v*Jue of at least" $200."    f  ,   A certificate that work has      been '.  j done-must .'be rAt-ajned each year;     if -  not, the claim -lall-be deemed to   be  Kind  Job  Printing  ���������*-*  Done Promptly and  WELL  |,   Lager Beer and  Porter Guaranteed Brewed  * from theiBest Canadian Malt rnn Hops.  *���������  i>  %  *  TEN DOLLARS REWARD.  The Union Brewing Company will pay JiO reward for information  which will lead to.the arrest and|convict-on any person or persons  destroying Union Brewing Company's kegs or bottles, or failing to return the same.  *������*������*#-****������^**������**������*������������**v**������*is*#*-y������-i-?^^^^^^^^s^^^^^^^5  At  Miners' Drilling Machines,  Made to order and Repaired at short noticd.     Drill Sharpened   y  u  alwayegivee satisfaction.    Picks handled and repaired.  Ships mi thing  in an its Branches.  Horseshoers and General Blacksmiths.  David Murray  Buller Street   -    -    -   - Lady smith, b. C  THE  LEDGER  Office  On 1st  Avenue  WE   NEVER  SLEEP  BUT ARE ALWAYS ON THE LOOKOUT FOR THE BEST MEATS  IN THE MARKETS.  WE ARE NOW BRINGING OUR CATTLE FROM EAST OF  THE  ROCKIES. YOU WILL GET THE BEST IF YOU BUY FROM US.  PANNELL   &   PLASKETT  STFVENS BLOCK, GATACRE  STREET, | LADYSrllTH, B 1  All  Work  >i i'j le  Done at  Rates  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������,  I^ LADYSMITH TRANSFER CO.  ^���������^���������^���������-^���������^���������'.^���������5fe*������'^**������5l���������**H���������*������5������������������' ^*������3K������SI���������*������^*������-^*������3|g-*B'>K*H���������'*'m*9K*3K*������  | Delivered in Any Part of tn City  EveryAfternoon  *%,  PIANOS, ORGANS AND HOUSEHOLD   FURNITURE   MOVED  PROMPTLY AND SAFELY  Stables in re������t of LadysirnHh Hotel.   Leave orders at the AbboUsford.  WILLIAMS   AND  WASKETT  ������������������.���������'��������� ������<������������������������,.��������� ������������������������������������������!  The  Ledger!  ��������� 50  Cents  per   Month  ���������^���������^���������^���������^eHte-l?e*fr������*4*e**K������^d-* ���������^o^ofcoHteM^^o^e^eH.'.%. -  LARD  H. W. SAUSAGE  "���������(THE ONLY   KIND)  BLACK PUDDING  H.&W.  FIRST AVENUE.    BUTCHERS  P' r-'*w *���������**<     1  \  ly  lady M   ' i    i /"] "v    )nnj  LOCAL  A SNAP���������xx good English Piano by  a first-class maker in  p rb  t  order  For  $100.00.  A  Mason  and  Hamlin  Organ for $125.00.        Apply  A. F.  OWEN,  Piano Tuner Abbotsford  Hote.  FOR SALE.  One cosey-corner,  one  diess-makeis  cutting table., and sign.  "Miss Olson, 'While Street.  Mr.  T.  Spink lort on  Uie morning  train for Victoria.  Mr. A. Kijrnal went down to Victoiia on thc nine o'clock train this  morning.  CilVES   GUARANTEE.  ���������'Tangiei, i\lor., March 29.���������The governor of Tangier has despatched   an  invilaiion     to Raisula,  the brigand  chief,   lo come in  with  the principal  tribesmen to meet Emperor William.  It. is expected that the German/legation  has  guaranteed   Raisula  against  any    interference  from   the  "Moorish  government.  ������������Ma*********--������  l-'OH SCHOOL LIBRARY.  ' The Opera House has been engaged  for the ceiling of Saturday, "March  'loth, for the local teachers, who intend giving a musical concert and dra  malic; entertainment - in aid of the  nchool library. It is understood that  the program will consist of a few  songs and a couple of very amusing  farces given by thc Harlcquia Dramatic Club. After the performance a  short social dance will be given, for  which good music will be provided.  The affair will, without doubt prove  very enjoyable.   o   FIRST',]MAN.  A well known resident teaches rcg  ularly  on  the  seventh  day  of every  week,     a Sunday      School   class   of  small  boys.   Last  Sunday  afternoon  tlie teacher devoted his time lo telling  lo his little pupils thc story of  thc ci cation   cf   man,   and   after    be  had      toLd   them   all  he  knew  ni,0ul  Adam,     he     proceeded   to  question  them.   Thc firs I. question, uttered in  a gentle,   encouraging  voice,   was:  "Now, boys, tell me who was the  first man?"  One boy who had been silling in  the class with a far,off look in his  eyes, raised his hand mechanically.  "That's  a good 'boy,"   said        Lhe  teachei.  "Now tell  mc who he. was"  The     small one rose   to  his  small  feet.   He still  wore  the.  far-off  look,  and in a far-off voice he said'  "j  1"   mentioning    the  .,,    .,,    ������i/ *-���������'    v.'    ���������*!; *-;' i!.' lir ili **f _  ;k���������f<\���������Tt\���������st���������nr~vis   7<\   "*   '���������*���������   "*   '������*���������  SPORTS   |  . \l������ w M;  -7K-  -*-  THE RING.  Baltimore, March 28.���������After less  thai -i minute's fighting in the second" round. Yov ng I'ctcr Jackson  knocked - out Philadelphia Jack  O'Brien and' losi the decision by a  foul of the most pi enounced character,   iu Ihis city  on  F-aUuday  night.  The agreement   was   that  the  fighters  should  break  clean.   The  referee,  .las.  O'llaia,  was  between   the men,  who  had     clinched, fcwhen   Jackson's  right   shot   around   OTIara's      body  and   landed   - full   on   O'Brien's  jaw.  The   Philadelphia   man   went   down,  but  made a great elToil  to  rise.  He  was  unable  lo  no so,   however,   and  then   the  crowd   though!   he  had   lost  the lignt.    Jacl-son was hurried from  lhe inig  before   the decision was announced.  TO Ml*: 1ST BRITT,IN VEST.  New York, March 28.'���������Jab*'/. White,  (lie  champion  lightweight  pugilist of  lCii'-Jand,   has  started   for   the   West,  UTaiuemciils   having   practically been  completed  by  telegraph  for him      to  meet   James  Biilt, before  the  Yosc-  mite  Club  in  San  Francisco  in    the  'at ter part of April.  ��������� White is enioute  to California and  will  begin naming at  once under the  -���������are of Charles Micchell and   the lal-  ler's son.  . Till-* AUTO.  Victoria has t-he distinction of h.iv-  ���������ng the first automobile club in Brit-  :sh Columbia. 'The horseless vehicle  :s very popular there this spring and  many machines have been imported  in  THREW UP HIS HAT.  I"������g:S,**E  to  The  Story  of  Coclcrell'a  Electlo  the United State* Senate. |  The truthful story is told in Missouri  that the throwing of a broad brimmed '  hat to the ceiling of the hall of the ;  house of representatives in the capitol j  at Jefferson City made Francis Marion ,  Cockrell a member of the United States ;  serrate.   The state had been stirred by |  a contest for the Democratic nomina- ,  tion - for the governorship.    The lines '  between supporters of opposing c'andi* |  dates were sharply drawn.   In a state  convention numbering a thousand dele- ;  'gates Charles H. Hardin had won by  the narrow majority of one-half of one  vote.    So close was the result and so  bitter the^feeling that the Democratic  leaders feared irreconcilable division Iu  the party ranks.   The result, however, '  had scarcely been announced from the  secretary's desk when the tall figure of  the defeated candidate, General Cockrell, was seen coming to the platform.  A moment more, as the hush of expectancy fell upon the crowded ball, Cock-  rell's voice rang out.    "No man," said  he, "will more loyally support the nominee of the convention than myself. No  man   will   throw   bis  hat  higher  for  Charley   Hardin  than  will   I."     And \  away  to the celling went the broad  brimmed  Cockrell   hat.    The convention,   frantic  with   enthusiasm,   heard  not another word.    But the following  spring General Cockrell became United  States senator by the unanimous vote  of the  Democrats   of  Missouri.    For  five successive terms after March 4,  1S75,   with   never  u  Democratic  vote  against him, he was elected to the senator-ship, the first political office he ever  h|ld.    No senator from his state surpassed bis record in length of years,  nnd   none   equaled   it,   save   Thomas  Hart Bentou, the great Missourian.���������*  Walter Williams in The World Today.  OF  Mote  Caps  NEW STYLE  In FRENCH    TWEED, ENGLISH   CHEVOITS.  This lot  will  make our    cap  department complete, and give  us an  assortment that cannot  he lealcn on the dast.  v.   .35 cents lo 7S cents.  ddilion   lo several  ljcally  manu  factured runabouts.  .name of a well known  footballer.  The. astonished teacher gasped, but  at the same time recognized some resemblance  in  1he  name  ulteied     to  the one by    which Lhe first ofsinncrs  was known.    Also  the gentleman enjoys   watching      a game   of   football,  and he was     obliged  to admit   that  thc )oungster   was   lo  a certain  extent'   ligHil.   In     roolball  J��������� M is  without doubt  one of  the .first,  so  the boy was ,iiol spanked.   o-   ami  NOTICE OF ASSIGNMENT.  I'uisuanl    to the Creditor's Trusts  Deed Act and Amendments.  Notice is hereby given that V. Gc-  noni, carrying on business in thc City  of Lad>smith, B. C, as a jeweler, by  Deed of Assignment for the benefit of  his ci editors dated the 21th day ol  March, J!)05, made m pursuance ot  the Creditors Trusts Deed Acts and  Amending Acts has assigned unto  Nicola Gaiolinc, of Nanaimo, li. C,  all his real and personal estate of e\  cry nature and kind in Trust to pay  his creditors ratably their just  claims without preference or priority according to h-.w.  The said deed of     Assignment was  executed by the    said V. ,Gen0ni an  Nicola     Gaiolinc on the 2 lib day of  March, 1905. \ '  All persons having claims against  the. said V. Genoni arc requested on  or ���������efore the lath of April, 100")  forward full particulars to thc said  Nicola Gaiolinc duly ���������. vr-ftd and the  nature of the securities held by  them, if any. And notice is hereby  given lhat after the Ifith of April,  l-PO") the trustee will proceed to distribute t-he assets of the estate  among thc parties entitled thereto,  having r:*gard only to those cl.iims  of which the trustee snail then have  notice, and the said truster* shall not  he responsible for the assets or any  part thrv'c-f so distributed to any  person er firm of whose debt or  claim In- shall     not   th-n have notice.  A nn  held '���������'  ' at .10 -  Sim"  Da '������������������ ?'.  ;ng of  he  v  inth   (!:.-  i->.   r-t       ti"  Sr-ii' i'r-r   "  ���������Va  o-l'i. ',.  NI'-'Ol .'  d'tors will be  ���������  April, 11105,  :- " of Russell  ''-f*  Assi  n r.  ���������  To.-pi,   i(n -,  ATOMNF,.  Assirnec*.  LACROSSE.  With lacrosse spreading iu popular-  it ��������� hy lea; s and bounds on this  -ide of the line and baseball making  jou'.eits in bunches on the othei, it  would seem that it i.s high time for  both America and Canada to 'look  a. little oui." Unit their iv.onal  games do not gel away fiom ; icn,  say..   U.a Seattle Post-Intelligencer.  'Ihis year Biilish Columbia has  readied down into Seattle ���������*ii I  pluiked out. a lacrosse-team hi nit  r-onsidci.s good enough io a ice a  iiH-in'-fi of the British league. '.' he  "ianks have good grit, and even  by planting a pair of baseball teams  in I-'.ovurcial soil. There is joy :-s a  result   of il, here and   there.  TU- lr-rid- that   lacrosse   has   lakm  upon  tl.j whole coast is no less than  leni'-rkahle.   'lhat Seattle and Taco-  ma have the fever is not so much to  be      womieied   at,   consideiing   tho -  nearness   to   the  home  of   the,    -n.'.  II      begins   to  look  a little   .o.M.igt  when Portland breaks out   v. ' i       -  viiiiljiei'l  case,   but   when 1 iii.i-  cisc-(-  gi-es  up  lo   the  doctor's   ilh-ji-  and   linils  that il  has  had   as        1   * .1  attack as  any of  the others,  it   begins   lo look good  for laciosse     and  dangerous  for baseball.  The sporting pages of San Franiv.-  co have decl.aied that lacrosse. la-,  suddenly become as popuini ** any  of the pastimes in thc Cilifm u\s\. catalogue     of     sports.   San  Francisco  Stockbrokers and Juries.  A prominent New York stockbroker  says: "The newspapers do not get wind  of even a small fraction of the suits  brought against brokers because of misunderstandings between us and our customers. Ninety-nine customers out of  every hundred think we rob them when  they lose their money in the market  and give us no credit when they win.  Wc do our hardest to settle all suits  out of court, for there is not a jury on  earth that will find a verdict for a  stockbroker. Why? Simply becauso  every juror has been scorched now and  then in the market and holds a grudge  against all brokers."  Store closes  at six o'clook every evening except  Saturday.  8).    LiJ/snTlli  - Dr. It. B. Dier may be found at  his office, at any time through the  day or evening. Bridge or crown  work as good as the best and at reasonable prices. It is not a practice  for a few days ol weeks only that  Dr. Dier is establishing, but arre  that will cause him to' be a permanent resident of Ladysmith. Office on,  High Street, next Wcinrobe's.   ,  NOTICE.  (Dissolution of Partnership.)  Tlio partnership heretofore subsisting between Chu Ming and Chu Lung  Ho, of Extension, B.C., trading undo, the firm name of Wing Sang &  Co , has beei dissolved.  'I he business will in "future be conducted under the sole management of  Chu Lung Ho. who assumes all liabilities of the late firm, and to whom  all outstanding debts must- be paid.  CHU LUNG HO.  D'aterl Extension, B.C., Feb. 29th,  1905.  .H  Dr. K. B. Dier  Surgeon Dentist.  All  work guaranteed, and at reasonable rates. _  High St. Ladysmith  OPEN AT ALL HOURS.  N\Y. GRAIN AM)  IA.KM PKODUif  Ordeis will- be delivered anywhere  in the city promptly and at the lowest possible prices.  Leave orders at Christie's, on ,the  '& Esplanade.  J AS.  WAKNOCK.  o<!  WilliiiK to Obi I are.  one occasion, when Uobln Allison,  who was beadle at Kilwinning, bad  carried some goods for a traveler visiting his customers, be was delighted  with ti dram over and above his pay.  " 'Deed, that's rale guid o* ye, noo,"  said Robin, "but maybe I'll be able te  dae ye a guid turn yet. Ye ken I'm  the gravedigger. Dae���������dae ye like your  bead high'/"���������London Standard.  Ill��������������� Orlwliiullty.  Uncle George���������I have read your article over, nnd I must say it shows a  great deal of originality. Arthur-  Thanks, I'm sure! I fluttered myself  there were some Ideas in it. Uncle  George���������Oh. I was not speaking of the  composition, but of the spelling.  The  Cnntomnry Climax.  Nordy���������How did the new play end?  Butts���������Oh, in the usual way. Nordy���������  And what do you call the usual end?  Butts���������In a whirl of hats and feathers  and opera cloaks.-  It is not helps, but obstacles; not facilities, but difficulties, that make men  ���������Mathews.  April  magazines      now  Knight's Book  Store.  on sale at.  Delicious Deserts  CAN BE W ADE  FROM  Birds Custard Powder  an n  Hansen's Junket Tablets  Sold by us in  lfic pad-ages.  W. T. HEDDLE   CO  Some good Residences For Sale  Call and get particulars.  Agency of the Esquimalt  & Manaimo Ry. Co's  ifflty Property  JOHN STVV*, ART fiO. Box 268  -      J  '".FIRE,  LIFE. AND  ACCIDENT   INSURANCE.   -  COWEVANCfNG -j . NOTARY   PUBLIC.  Dont be alarmed.    You  can  ge  ill the   EHPIRE      CIGARS     you  want.    Par Sale   Everywhere.  Icalers in   Pianos and  Organs ...  .idysmith, B. C.  Wi-iiAXMLs' mock  ������.:i.ly*-.initli  Particular Grocers.  Telephone 1  has several* fast teams. Oakland has  another and Alameda is similarly  provided. Stanford I'nlvcr.sity has a  team Ilial is said to he of championship class. Besides Ihcsc thi-ic arc  oilicrs  through   :hc stale.  MA him-:.  Shin   Mrhuiopc   commenced   loading  this  afternoon.  The-Titania will sail  for San Francisco  tonight.  S.S.   Belle   took   on   coal   here this  morning.  Steamer     Tilannia     will   probably  complete   loading   and   leave   today.  Ship Star of France was lowed into  '.'���������:< harbor this morning and     is  1 ; .   lying af anchor.    She  vvill  com-  !���������!<. ������������������:! loading her cargo shortly.  BOOKS FOR  Sale &  Exchange  ���������At���������  HOY'S BAKERY  lOc. and 15c.  1st   i venue.  Lad /smith  LADYSMITH SHAVING  PMIORS  CRYSTAL LAUNDRY  HIGH   STREET..  :���������:���������: Best in the City :���������:���������j  J. PiEBCY M CO.  WHOLESALE DRYGOODS.  Victoria. B. 'C.  Manufacturers of the Celebrated  IRONCLAD BRAND  or  OVERALLS.  BLOUSES, N  JUMPERS,  PANTS,  SHIRTS, ETC.  Garden Se  i  Leave orders with  BLAIR &   ADAfci,   *;������s*'u  All w0rk first-class at THE CHRY  STAL,  VICTORIA.  ^-^���������-r.iSiaaaBS  ���������':'4^>lr&M4&43*&ZSg������Zr'  u  (V  1  ���������)  '      !      *     A.    3.*  Orders  taksn for  Fruit trees.  ;  and Tomato plants.  Roses, Ornamental   and  At Morrison's, Ladysmith, B. C,  THE FIRST DRAWING FOR THE  will   lake,  place  on.Tuesday,   April 4th at- A. R.  Johnston & Co's  Store,  Nanaimo, at -1  p.n.   The   oublic    arc  cordially     invited   to  participate.  The next drawing will take place in Ladysmith.  PUlTiNG ON  NEW PAPER  is the rncst effective and most economical  method   of  improving       and  brightening  up   the  interior   appearance of your dwelling.  From   the many beautiful   patterns  ���������many of them exclusive���������in our new  line,  we  are certain  you can  select  exactly  the right paper to suit your  taste and  purse.   Let  us  show you  our handsome array of styles.  HARRY KAY  We have on hand a complete assortment of garden seeds, including  RADISH  CAULIFLOWER  TURNIP*  BEET  BEANS  PARSNIPS  CUCUMBER  CARROT  / i  Also a large variety of Flower  seeds. Our lawn grass feeed cannot  be excelled in quality and price.  SIMON LEISER & CO Ltd.  I a AT ACRE ST.  LADYSMITH  tt^2iEZiss.������iL?WB3!Ba  Tie Old Homestead  Tomatoes  Peas  Beans  ' '_ Corn,,.  ]        THE BEST ,1'JiAND in the market.    Every tin guaranteed.  * - * ���������  IR St HDK7VT  CARLISLE      BLOCK  f*--<; r  ���������-������.' ."���������������,.    **���������*..   ���������i-i-'-v-a-a ���������A-'^^^'-S^'-*^ *S'***5Si*St&:-**fi|-4  #*     ,.  ..   ^.HEADACHES.  il/   '.���������"��������� ���������  ���������������������������  to ���������  to>  w  the     result, of ey2     straining, c.retl  i|i   Examinations    and shjhl tests Iree  t|iof ihaige.  AT  '?>  H.O. MILES  Contractor and Buifder  REPAIRING   of  all   kinds   promptly  attended to.     Shop on Gatawe    st.  ^B.FOKCfMHEkS  tf> ���������s  to FIRST 'AVE.  to  to  WATCMMAKEK. -->3. ..   v   ician ^  *1    idi^S-^ia-ViTU,.;  -*t;������JD   i-Y-*1  "^.^���������^���������^e.^*^^*^^^^*^ ^^^^^^^^e:-e--5C-  WE HAVE MUCH PLEASURE  in announcing that we have purchased the stock in trade of E. ROL-  STON, and we trust by close attention  to business and the courteous treatment of our customers to merit a fair  share of your business. We are revising our prices and now is the time for  bargains in several lines.  LADYSMITH HARDWARE CO., Ltd.  N. B.��������� A complete new stock of fishing tackle ha  just a* rived.  xasaai  HILBERT  HOTFL  LADYSMITH  RAT15SS���������$1.00      per    day.      Finest  Wines,  Liquors  and   Cigars.  First Avenue, Ladysmith, B.  C.  D. Cl WHITE.  FARMERS'    MEAT   I-1AP.KET    ^atssBHs*"'  On ist Avenue  leo. Roberts  Pr������priet������r  HOTEL DOMINION  ���������R-.t-a>l 25 fci'd |;1.50���������  reo bw.i Iu  si I t)lt-t<tM*������o?>i   luxtinfB ea������l  railway..iapotB.    Eloclric cir������ exrry li-tr-  r*aia**t������o   to������ll   fstrla mi   ia*  ������i!y.    I!sr  ������*ail t������WIe m-*y-'������ll;'(l.  F. HATNIiS, Pi������-������ritt������r,  ABBOTT ST*.,    VANCGOVBft, B.C.  Ilk


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